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DOEPFER MUSIKELEKTRONIK GMBH
USB64
Universal Control Electronics
with Midi and USB Output
Installation and User's Guide
V1.3
© 2009 by Doepfer Musikelektronik GmbH, Germany
Table of contents
Table of contents.................................................................................................................................... 2
Electrical safety / EMC compatibility ....................................................................................................... 3
Warranty ................................................................................................................................................ 4
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 5
Connection and Installation .................................................................................................................... 6
Midi In Socket (1)................................................................................................................................ 6
Midi Out Socket (2) ............................................................................................................................. 6
Power Supply (3) ................................................................................................................................ 6
USB connector (4) .............................................................................................................................. 7
USB connector (4) .............................................................................................................................. 8
Connectors for the 64 controls (5) ...................................................................................................... 8
(6) Pin header JP9............................................................................................................................ 11
(7) Pin headers JP10, JP11, JP14, JP12, JP15 ................................................................................ 13
JP10 / 14....................................................................................................................................... 13
JP12 / JP15................................................................................................................................... 14
JP11.............................................................................................................................................. 14
(8) Pin header JP13.......................................................................................................................... 15
(9) Control LED................................................................................................................................. 15
Mounting .............................................................................................................................................. 16
Dimensions .......................................................................................................................................... 17
Check list.............................................................................................................................................. 18
Extent of delivery.................................................................................................................................. 19
Electrical safety / EMC compatibility
USB64 is a so-called OEM product (OEM original equipment manufacturer) that cannot be
used independently but has to be combined with additional electrical or electronical equipment
to become a working device (e.g. potentiometers, switches, power supply, case/housing). The
manufacturer of USB64 does not know the final assembly of the complete device in which the
USB64 is used as a part of the complete device. The final responsibility with regard to
electrical safety and electromagnetic compatibility is up to the user who is assembling the
complete device.
Electronic basic knowledge is required to install USB64 and to connect the controls
resp. control voltages. If you are not sure whether your knowledge is sufficient please consult
an expert. We cannot take back modules that became defective because of wrong installation
or wrong connection of the controls or voltages.
Please pay attention to the following items:
The power supply used in combination with the USB64 has to be a closed type (in Germany a
power supply with VDE approval is required). Normally an AC adapter with plastic case is used.
It is not allowed to use open power supplies whith open mains voltage access (e.g. via mains
lead, pcb tracks, electronic parts).
On the USB64 preventing measures against electromagnetic radiation are taken (e.g. an
RF filter at the power supply input). But it is impossible to estimate to what extend the
components added by the user affect the EMC properties of the complete assembly.
Therefore the complete device has to be shielded against electromagnetic radiation
(incoming and outgoing). These demands are normally met by a closed metal case that covers
the complete assembly. The metal case should be connected to GND of the USB64.
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 3
Warranty
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•
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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Applying any negative voltage (< 0V) or positive voltage above +5V (> +5V) to one of the 64
analog inputs (JP1 – JP8 ) will destroy the circuit !
If potentiometers and/or switches are connected between GND and +5V of USB64 as
described in this manual no problems will occur.
When external control voltages are connected to USB64 the user has to pay attention that
the voltages applied are strictly within GND and +5V referenced to GND of USB64 !
Do not solder directly to any of the pin headers but use female connectors to make the
connections between USB64 and the potentiometers, switches or voltages. A cable set that
contains all required connectors and cables is included with USB64.
Carry out all connections in the off-state of USB64 (i.e. when powered-off only) !
Do not power on USB64 before all 64 analog inputs are connected. Do not leave analog
inputs unconnected !
USB64 electronics is an electrostatic sensitive device. Avoid any electrostatic charges ! Do
not touch the inputs with your fingers !
Avoid short circuits !
Ignoring any of these items will cause warranty loss !
We are not responsible if devices connected to the USB64 connector (e.g. computers) are
damaged because one or more of these remarks have been ignored. In particular one has
to pay attention to make no short circuit at the USB connector (e.g. by screws or other
conductive material).
Return of the USB64 within the 2 weeks return time limit (valid only in Germany) is only
possible if all these items have been met. Return of used cable sets is not possible. We
also cannot take back modules that have been soldered by the user.
Page 4
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
Introduction
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
USB64 is an universal electronics DIY kit to built your own Midi control box. Up to 64
controls can be connected to USB64 transmitting Midi Control Change or note on/off or
program change messages.
Typical examples for controls that can be used are rotary potentiometers, fader/slider
potentiometers, momentary switches, toggle switches, foot switches or foot controllers.
The controls are not included but have to be added by the customer.
USB64 cannot be used with rotary encoders (sometimes even called endless
potentiometers). For this application the Dial Electronics is available.
Even voltages sources can be used instead of the controls provided that the voltages
applied are strictly within the range 0...+5V (referenced to USB64 GND)! Voltages beyond
this range will destroy the electronics !
The USB64 configuration (i.e. the Midi channel, the type if Midi message, the number of the
Midi controller/note/program assigned to the first input) is adjusted by jumpers.
The 64 controls resp. control voltages are connected to double row pinheaders (10 pins
each). To these headers eight 10 pin ribbon cables are put up. The terminals of the controls
are soldered to the free ends of the ribbon cables. In this way the controls might be
disconnected from the electronics very easily.
USB64 is equipped with Midi In/Out and USB.
USB64 is available only as an assembled and tested pc board (about 159 x 53 x 25 mm).
USB64 includes eight 10 pin ribbon cables (about 30 cm each) and a USB cable (type A-B)
An external power supply ([email protected] 100mA) is required for the USB64 if the device is
not powered via USB. It is included for all shipments within Germany (230V version with
European mains plug). For shipments outside Germany please ask your local representative
or dealer.
We do not offer a suitable housing as this would have to be completely different for various
combinations of controls.
Provided that a firmware redesign is available the update can be carried out by the
customer. For this a PC with USB interface and Windows XP is required. Details can be
found on our website www.doepfer.com in the download area as soon as an update is
available.
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 5
Connection and Installation
Please pay attention to the following notes !
Electronic basic knowledge is required to install the USB64 electronics and to connect the
controls resp. control voltages. If you are not sure whether your knowledge is sufficient please
consult an expert. We cannot take back modules that became defective because of wrong
installation or wrong connection of the controls or voltages. We also cannot take back modules
or cables which have been soldered by the user.
Midi In Socket (1)
USB64 features a MIDI input. This input may be connected to another MIDI device. The incoming MIDI
data are merged to the data generated by the USB64. At the first place the MIDI input is used for daisychaining several USB64. The MIDI input of USB64 is not suitable for large amounts of MIDI data (e.g.
MIDI messages coming from an computer sequencer). In case of large amounts of incoming MIDI
messages data loss or delay may occur. If the merge feature of the USB64 is not required the MIDI
input may be left open. SysEx strings are not supported !
Midi Out Socket (2)
Provided that you want to use the Midi output to control the corresponding Midi device (e.g.
Computer, Synthesizer, Midi expander) this socket has to be connected to Midi In of the device
in question.
Power Supply (3)
USB64 does not have a built-in power supply. Instead it uses a plug-in type external power
supply (AC adapter) or can be powered via USB. One reason for this feature is electrical safety.
Keeping danger voltages (main) out of the USB64 increases the electrical safety. Therefore an
external power supply of high quality and safety should be used if the device is not powered via
USB. If USB64 is used in Germany the external power supply has to be VDE approved.
Another reason for the external power supply is the fact that mains voltages and plug types vary
considerably from country to country. Using a plug-in external supply USB64 can be used any
where with a locally purchased power supply, thus keeping the retail price down.
The power supply has to be able to deliver 7-12 VDC unstabilized voltage, as well as a
minimum current of 100mA. USB64 is switched ON by plugging the AC adapter into a wall
outlet and connecting it to the appropriate jack on the USB64 board. There is no separate
ON/OFF switch.
If the polarity of the power supply is incorrect, USB64 will not function. However, there is no
danger of damage to the circuitry since it is protected by a diode. The correct polarity is: outside
ring = GND, inside lead = +7...12V. A power supply for 230V mains voltage with European type
mains plug is included with the USB64 (valid only within Europe, for other countries ask you
local Doepfer representative or dealer).
If USB64 is powered via USB the external power supply has to be removed.
Page 6
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
Overview: USB64 Connections
(5)
pin headers for connection of the
potentiometers or switches (JP1 ... JP8)
(7)
pin headers
JP10
JP14
JP11
JP12 (no longer available)
JP15(no longer available)
(9)
control LED
(8)
pin header
JP13 (no longer available)
(4)
USB
(BU4)
(3)
external power
supply
7-12V/100mA DC
(BU3)
(1)
MIDI IN
(BU1)
(2)
MIDI OUT
(BU2)
(6)
pin header JP9
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 7
USB connector (4)
If the data generated by USB64 has to be transmitted via USB the socket (4) is connected to
the USB socket of the receiver (normally that's a computer with USB interface). The operating
system of the computer has to support the so-called generic USB device class driver for Midi
devices. This driver is supported by Windows XP (SP2 recommended), Vista and Mac OSX
operating systems. Consequently older Windows or Mac operating systems that do not include
this driver cannot be used. In this case the Midi output of the USB64 has to be used.
Provided that the operating system does support the generic USB Midi device class driver the
USB64 is recognized by the computer as soon as USB64 is connected to the computer. Then
the corresponding driver is activated and normally an acoustic notification is made. This maybe
complemented by information bubbles in the task bar (e.g. Windows XP). After that a new Midi
in/output named USB audio device is available in the corresponding programs. If another
message appears (e.g. USB device not recognized) the required driver is not available or
damaged or does not work for other reasons. As this behaviour depends upon the computer
and the operating system we cannot give any support as the reasons can be manifold and do
not depend upon the USB64 but the computer and the operating system installed on the
computer.
Connectors for the 64 controls (5)
The eight pin headers JP1 – JP8 are used to connect the 64 controls. All pin headers have
available these signals: GND, +5V and 8 control voltage inputs (range 0...+5V).
Remark: In the following the terms GND (= abbreviation of ground) and 0V (zero volts) are used
synonymous.
The control voltages are normally generated by rotary or fader potentiometers that are
connected between GND and +5V. In this case the wiper of the potentiometers outputs a
voltage in the range 0...+5V while the potentiometer is operated. Another possibility is the
connection of momentary switches or toggle switches.
The above sketch shows the pinout of each pin header JP1 – JP8. The orientation is the same
as in the picture on the previous page. The pins labelled 1 ... 8 are the eight control voltage
inputs of the corresponding pin header. The upper pin header (JP1) is assigned to the inputs
1...8, the second (JP2) to 9...16 and so on until JP8. This is assigned to the inputs 57...64.
Page 8
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
The right part of the sketch shows the pin out of the pin headers. Normally 10 pin female
connectors with ribbon cables are plugged to the pin headers JP1 – JP8. Eight female
connectors with ribbon cables are included with the USB64. The controls (e.g. potentiometers
or switches) are soldered to the open ends of the ribbon cable. The left part of the sketch
shows the pinout of the 10 wires of the ribbon cables. We strictly recommend this type of wiring
but not to solder the wires directly to the pin headers JP1 – JP8. Usage of the ribbon cables
with female connectors allows to disconnect the controls from the electronics very easily.
Rotary or slider potentiometers are connected in this way:
•
•
•
lower resp. left end terminal to GND
wiper / middle terminal to one of the analog inputs 1 ... 64
upper resp. right end terminal to +5V
Connection of a
rotary potentiometer
Connection of a
slider potentiometer
Potentiometers with resistance values in the range 4k7 ... 100k can be used. We recommend
10k (linear).
Momentary or toggle switches can be used in two different ways:
version 1
version 2
state of rest
Midi data
voltage
0
0V
127
+5V
aktive state
Midi data
voltage
127
+5V
0
0V
Simple momentary switches (one contact, open at rest) or simple toggle switches (one contact
on/off) are required. According to the desired behaviour (version 1 or 2 in the above table) the
switch has to be wired correspondingly:
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 9
Connection of a momentary or
toggle switch (version 1)
Connection of a momentary or
toggle switch (version 2)
In both cases an additional resistor is required (possible range 4k7 to 100k) to pull the analog
input to a defined state during the switch is open.
•
Version 1: The resistor is soldered between GND and the control voltage input. This way the
input is pulled to GND ( =0V corresponding to Midi data 0) as long as the switch is left open.
When the switch is closed the voltage jumps to +5V corresponding to Midi data 127.
•
Version 2: The resistor is soldered between +5V and the control voltage input. This way the
input is pulled to +5V (corresponding to Midi data 127) as long as the switch is left open.
When the switch is closed the voltage jumps to 0V corresponding to Midi data 0.
64 resistors (range 4k7 ... 100k) are enclosed witch each USB64 delivery. Suitable resistors are
available in each electronic shop too (value: ~ 10k, power: ¼ W, tolerance: 5%, material:
carbon).
Unused inputs have to be connected to GND or +5V. Avoid open inputs ! An open input will
cause the transmission of random Midi data causing undesirable side effects at the Midi
receiver (e.g. Midi overflow or random parameter fluctuations).
Page 10
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
Configuration of the USB64
The configuration of the USB64 is carried out by several jumpers that have to be put on pin
headers. Configuration means in this context the adjustment of the parameters that define the
behaviour of USB64: e.g. Midi channel, type of Midi event, controller/note/program number
assigned to the first input, supply via external power supply or USB, USB active/inactive and so
on.
(6) Pin header JP9
The jumper area JP9 is made of a double row pin header with 16 pins that can be used to
install up to 8 jumpers. The jumpers 1…4 are used to adjust the Midi channel. With the jumpers
5…8 one of the presets is selected.
The following table shows the relation between the settings of the jumpers 1…4 of JP1 and the
corresponding Midi channels:
jumper #
1
■
2
■
■
■
■
3
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
4
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Midi
channel
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
■ = = jumper installed
The factory setting is shaded grey (Midi channel 1).
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 11
The following table shows the relation between the settings of the jumpers 5…8 of JP1 and the
corresponding preset:
Preset
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
5
■
■
■
Jumper #
6
7
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Configuration / Preset description
8
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
control change 0 – 63 (analog)
note 0 - 63 (digital)
programm change 0-63 (digital)
polyphonic aftertouch 0-63 (analog)
control change 0 – 31, note 0-31 (analog/digital mixed )
control change 32 – 63, note 32-63 (analog/digital mixed )
unused
unused
control change 64 – 127 (analog)
note 64 – 127 (digital)
programm change 64-127 (digital)
polyphonic aftertouch 64-127 (analog)
control change 64 – 95, note 64-95 (analog/digital mixed)
control change 96 – 127, note 96-127 (analog/dig. mixed)
■
unused
unused
5 = jumper installed
The factory setting is shaded grey (preset # 1).
Jumper 8
works as an offset that adds 64 to the control change, note or program change numbers (i.e.
range 0–63 turns into 64 –127).
Remarks:
•
•
Preset #1 is the standard preset (factory setting). It is planned to connect 64 potentiometers
(rotary or slider) or switches to generate the Midi control change messages in the range 0 –
63 with a continuous data range 0–127.
Preset #2 is planned to connect 64 switches to generate the Midi note messages 0 – 63.
According to the type of switch connection (please refer to page 10 for details) one position
of the switches generate note on messages with velocity 127 and note off messages in the
other position. Instead of switches even analog controls can be connected. The control
voltage threshold between note on and off is about +2.5V.
Page 12
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
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As the scanning of the 64 inputs is analog even in this mode (i.e. analog-to-digital
conversion) the scanning is not as fast as e.g. for a Midi keyboard. It is planned to control
functions that are triggered by Midi note messages (e.g. for Ableton Live) but not as a Midi
keyboard. For Midi keyboard applications the scanning is not fast enough. We recommend
the OEM/DIY electronics CTM64 for this application.
Preset #3 generates Midi programm change messages in the range 0 – 63. Pay attention
that some manufacturers count 1–64 instead of 0–63.
Preset #4 is very similar to preset #1. But instead of Midi control change polyphonic
aftertouch messages are sent.
Presets #5 und #6 are combinations of the presets #1 and #2. Analog and digital messages
are mixed to enable the simultaneous usage of analog controls (e.g. potentiometers) and
digital controls (e.g. switches).
Preset #7 and #8 are not yet used. They may be used in firmware updates.
The presets #9 to #16 are equivalent to the presets #1 to #8 but the control change/ note/
program change numbers 64–127 are used.
(7) Pin headers JP10, JP11, JP14, JP12, JP15
JP10 / 14
The pin headers JP10 and JP14 are used to chosse between the normal operating mode and
the firmware update mode.
normal operating mode
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
update mode
Page 13
Normal operating mode:
This is the usual working mode. In this mode the LED flashes for about 2 seconds after power
on and then stays lit. As soon as Midi messages are generated by the USB64 the LED flashes
to indicate the Midi out activity of USB64. Consequently the LED can be used to check the
fundamental function of USB64.
Update Mode:
The update mode is used to update the firmware of the USB64. For this these devices are
necessary:
PC compatible computer with USB interface and Microsoft Windows 98, Second Edition
(98SE), Windows 2000 Desktop oder Windows XP ( bevorzugt)
Remark: A firmware update via Midi is not possible.
Additional information concerning an possible update is available on our website
www.doepfer.com in the DOWNLOAD area.
Attention: The upper three pins of JP10 have to remain unconnected at all events !
JP12 / JP15
No longer available
JP11
Please leave this jumper in the factory setting (see picture). It is used for the internal reset of
the circuit. If the jumper is removed or changed to the other position USB64 will not work !
Page 14
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
(8) Pin header JP13
JP13 was used to choose the type of power supply. If an external power supply was used to run
the USB64 the jumper had to be in the lower position (towards the voltage regulator 7805). If
USB64 was powered via USB the jumper had to be in the upper position (towards the LED) and
the external power supply had to be removed. This was the situation till version V1.2.
Now in V1.3 this is made automatic by two diodes BAT42, which are assembled instead of
JP13 and the jumpers.
But in some situations it could be necessary to choose the type of power supply manually
again.
F.e. if your potentiometers and/or switches that are connected need more power your USB port
can offer ( USB64 itsself need 30 mA). Than you maybe want to use the external power supply
interface from USB64 together with USB connected to your computer.
So you had te reassemble the old JP13 situation by removing the diodes and reassemble JP13
/ wire this direct on the board at the position of former JP13.
But you also can use an external powered USB Hub between your computer and USB64, if you
need more power that the USB port on your computer can supply.
supply via external wall
outlet power supply
supply via USB
(9) Control LED
The LED flashes for about 2 seconds after power on and then stays lit. If this does not happen
f.e. the external power supply connected to BU3 could be defective.
As soon as Midi messages are generated by the USB64 the LED flashes to indicate the Midi
out activity of USB64. Consequently the LED can be used to check the fundamental function of
USB64.
In addition the LED displays each change of the jumper settings of JP9.
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 15
Mounting
Before USB64 is put into operation the board has to be fixed on a suitable support and built into
a metal case together with the controls (refer to EMC notes on page 3). The metal case has to
be connected to GND of USB64. We recommend to use the metal plate of the voltage regulator
7805/IC12 or the GND terminal of the power supply socket for this connection.
The board measures about 159 x 53 x 25 mm. Four mounting holes with 3 mm diameter are
available for mounting the board inside the case e.g. with distance sleeves or spacers (> 5 mm
in length) and suitable screws. Pay attention that no short circuits are made – neither on the top
of the board (electronic parts) nor on the bottom (solder points or pcb tracks). In case of doubt
use isolating plastic parts (e.g. plastic screws, nuts and washers) for mounting.
Important remark: On the bottom of the board below the USB socket are the connections of the
USB interface, i.e. the USB data and supply terminals. Pay attention that no short circuit of
these pins is made as this may destroy the computer connected to the USB64 or the USB hub.
Remove any kind of conductive parts (e.g. screws, nuts, washers or any other metallic part)
before you connect the USB64 to your computer.
Page 16
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
Dimensions
Dimensions USB64
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 17
Check list
In case that your USB64 installation does not work at the first go please check the following
items:
• Does the power supply work correctly ?
• Does the LED behave after power on as described ?
• Pay attention to the correct setting of JP13 for the desired power supply type, if you did not
use the automatic power selection with the diodes assembled instead of JP13 !
• Are the controls connected correctly as described in this manual ?
• Was no short circuit made (neither in the wiring nor mounting) ?
• If the diode D3 and the voltage regulator IC12 become hot probably a short circuit between
GND and +5V was made !
• If momentary or toggle switches are used: are the resistors (4k7...100k) soldered
accordingly?
• Are unused analog inputs connected to GND or +5V? When the LED is flickering
permanently without operating one of the controls probably one or more of the analog inputs
is left open !
• Are the Midi connections between USB64 and the other Midi devices installed correctly ?
Midi Out of USB64 has to be connected to Midi In of the Midi device controlled by USB64.
Especially when computers are used Midi In and Out are very often mixed up by the user.
Once again: Midi Out → Midi In (not Midi Out → Midi Out nor Midi In → Midi In).
• Please use only cables that are suitable for Midi.
• When a PC with sound card is used only high quality multimedia cables should be used. Low
cost multimedia cables without optocouplers for Midi In and without drivers for Midi Out very
often cause Midi data problems.
• Is the right Midi channel selected with the jumpers 1…4 of JP9 ?
• Is the right preset number selected with the jumpers 5…8 of JP9 ?
• The USB connection between USB64 and computer should be established or interrupted
only if no application (e.g. VST PlugIn ) is running that uses the USB Midi port ! Otherwise
the application may lock while the USB connection is established or interrupted, or the Midi
ports will no longer function. In this case the computer should be re-booted.
• If the USB connection has been established already (and the USB Midi port was in use
already) it may take a very long time (up to several minutes) if the USB connection is
interrupted and established again. In such case no Midi program should be started as
otherwise the Midi port cannot be re-opened again !
• We recommend the usage of Windows XP with service pack 2 as with this operating system
most of the problems mentioned above have been solved.
• So far we have no experience with USB64 and Windows 7 and cannot offer any support for
this combination.
Page 18
User's Guide V1.3
USB64
Extent of delivery
The USB64 delivery contains the following parts:
•
•
•
•
•
•
USB64 pc board, assembled and tested
Power Supply (230V mains voltage, European type mains plug, output voltage range
7...12V, current min. 100 mA) included only for shipments within Germany, for shipments
outside Germany please contact your local representative or dealer
This USB64 user's guide
Eight 10 pin ribbon cables with double row female connectors, cable length about 30 cm
each
USB cable, type A – B
64 resistors 4k7...100k (5% carbon)
Controls that can be connected to USB64 (e.g. rotary or slider/fader potentiometers,
momentary or toggle switches, foot controllers, foot switches, joy sticks and so on) are not
included and have to be purchased in addition. Suitable parts can be found on our website
www.doepfer.com. Please use the link accessories and spare parts of the product overview
page. Prices can be found in the price list. But even electronic shops (e.g. www.mouser.com,
www.radioshack.com) have a variety of suitable controls available.
USB64
User's Guide V1.3
Page 19
Doepfer
Musikelektronik
www.doepfer.com
Doepfer Musikelektronik GmbH
Geigerstr. 13
D-82166 Graefelfing / Germany
Phone 49 89 89809510
Fax 49 89 89809511
Email: [email protected]
© 2009 by Doepfer Musikelektronik GmbH, Germany
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