LCquan 2.5.6 Quantitative Analysis User Guide

LCquan 2.5.6 Quantitative Analysis User Guide
Xcalibur
LCquan
Quantitative Analysis
User Guide
XCALI-97166 Revision D
August 2007
© 2007 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. All rights reserved.
Microsoft®, Access®, Excel®, and Notepad® are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. Adobe® and
Acrobat® are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated. Oracle® is a registered trademark of Oracle
Corporation. Citrix Presentation Server™ is a trademark and Citrix® is a registered trademark of Citrix Systems
Incorporated.
All other trademarks are the property of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. and its subsidiaries.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. provides this document to its customers with a product purchase to use in the
product operation. This document is copyright protected and any reproduction of the whole or any part of this
document is strictly prohibited, except with the written authorization of Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc.
The contents of this document are subject to change without notice. All technical information in this
document is for reference purposes only. System configurations and specifications in this document supersede
all previous information received by the purchaser.
Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. makes no representations that this document is complete, accurate or errorfree and assumes no responsibility and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, damage or loss that might
result from any use of this document, even if the information in the document is followed properly.
This document is not part of any sales contract between Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. and a purchaser. This
document shall in no way govern or modify any Terms and Conditions of Sale, which Terms and Conditions
of Sale shall govern all conflicting information between the two documents.
Release history: Revision A - December 2006. Revision B - February 2007. Revision C - April 2007.
Revision D - August 2007.
Minimum software requirements: LCquan 2.5.6; Xcalibur 2.0.6; TSQ Quantum 1.4; LC Devices 2.0.2;
Thermo PAL 1.0; Microsoft Windows XP Professional SP 2; Microsoft Office 2003
For Research Use Only. Not regulated for medical or veterinary diagnostic use by U.S. Federal Drug
Administration or other competent authorities.
C
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
About This Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Related Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Special Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Contacting Us . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Thermo Scientific
Chapter 1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
About Quantitative Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Considering the Variables of Quantitative Analysis by LC/MS/MS . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Using LC for Analyte Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Using MS/MS for Analyte Detection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Quantitative Analysis Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Using External Standards for Quantitative Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Using Internal Standards for Quantitative Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Sample Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Standards. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Unknowns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
QCs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Overview of LCquan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
LCquan Folder Structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Acquiring and Processing Data with LCquan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Using This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
LCquan for Citrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Chapter 2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Creating a New Study and Workbook. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Reviewing the Instrument Setup View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Creating Instrument Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Importing an Existing Instrument Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
LCquan User Guide
iii
Contents
Reviewing the Acquisition View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Setup Sequence Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Naming Components and Assigning Calibration Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Run Sequence Dialog Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Acquisition View – Status Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Processing Data While Continuing to Acquire Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
iv
LCquan User Guide
Chapter 3
Exploring Your Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
About the Explore View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Opening a Raw File and Displaying the Chromatogram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Generating a Peak List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Identifying Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Reviewing the Explore Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Sample Selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Locks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
General Parameters Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Status Plot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Status Report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Review Displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Exporting the Active Raw File to Qual Browser. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Chapter 4
Creating a Processing Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard . . . . . . 72
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters . . . . . . . . 75
Identifying the Internal Standard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Specifying Calibration Curve Parameters for the Target Compounds . . . . . . 75
Entering the Component Identification Parameters and Integrating the Peaks77
Ion Ratio Confirmation of Analytes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Importing the Components and Levels into the Acquisition Sequence . . . . . . . 84
Saving the Processing Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Importing an Existing Processing Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Chapter 5
Creating a Processing Sequence. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
Opening the Create Sequence Page and Using the New Processing Sequence
Wizard. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Reviewing the Processing Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing Sequence . . . . 95
Importing an Existing Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Copying the Acquisition Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Further Information: Editing the Processing Sequence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Thermo Scientific
Contents
Chapter 6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results. . . . . . . . . . . .99
Processing the Raw Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Opening the Survey Page. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Excluding a Calibration Standard from the Calibration Curve . . . . . . . . . . 107
Modifying the Peak Detection and Integration Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Integrating Peaks Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
Reviewing All Results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Opening the Review All Results Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
Reviewing the Unknowns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Creating and Reviewing Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Locking the Workbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Saving the Workbook and Exiting LCquan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Appendix A LCquan Flow Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
v
P
Preface
About This Guide
LCquan™ is part of the Xcalibur® mass spectrometry data system. This user guide describes
how to use LCquan to perform quantitative analysis of compounds.
Related Documentation
The following LCquan manuals are available on the LCquan software CD as PDF files:
• LCquan Administrator Guide describes how to configure the software for compliance with
21 CFR Part 11.
• LCquan User Guide describes how to use LCquan to perform quantitative analysis of
compounds.
Y To view the LCquan manuals
Go to Start > Programs > Xcalibur > Manuals > LCquan.
The Help contains an LCquan Tutorial that provides an overview of how to use LCquan with
an example data set.
Y To open the LCquan Help
From the LCquan window, choose Help > LCquan Help. To locate a particular topic, use
the Help Contents, Index, or Search panes.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
vii
Preface
Special Notices
Special notices include the following:
IMPORTANT Highlights information necessary to avoid damage to software, loss of data,
invalid test results, or information critical for optimal performance of the system.
Note Highlights information of general interest.
Tip Helpful information that can make a task easier.
Contacting Us
There are several ways to contact Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Y To contact Technical Support
Phone
Fax
E-mail
Knowledge base
800-685-9535
561-688-8736
[email protected]
www.thermokb.com
Find software updates and utilities to download at www.mssupport.thermo.com.
Y To contact Customer Service for ordering information
Phone
Fax
Web site
800-532-4752
561-688-8731
www.thermo.com/finnigan
Y To suggest changes to documentation or to Help
• Fill out a reader survey online at www.thermo.com/lcms-techpubs.
• Send an e-mail message to the Technical Publications Editor at
[email protected]
viii
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction
This chapter describes some of the basic principles and terminology of quantitative analysis1
and provides a brief overview of quantitative analysis with LCquan. This chapter contains the
following sections:
Contents
• About Quantitative Analysis
• Considering the Variables of Quantitative Analysis by LC/MS/MS
• Quantitative Analysis Techniques
• Sample Types
• Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
• LCquan for Citrix
1For
further information on the principles of quantitative analysis, refer to the following: Mass Spectrometry:
Principles and Applications; de Hoffman, E., Charette, J., Stroobant, V.; Wiley: New York, 1996 and Introduction
to Mass Spectrometry, 3rd ed.; Watson, J.T., Lippincott-Raven: Philadelphia, PA, 1997.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
1
1
Introduction
About Quantitative Analysis
About Quantitative Analysis
Quantitative analysis is the process of measuring the amount of a particular component in a
sample.
In some applications, such as a clinical trial, you might be seeking the maximum possible
accuracy from your measurements. Time and cost of analysis are less important than
achieving the highest possible standards in precision and accuracy. This form of measurement
is called quantitative analysis.
In other applications, such as in trace analysis, you might only want to estimate the quantity
of a component. It might be sufficient to know that the component is present at a level either
significantly higher or significantly lower than a defined threshold. For example, it is generally
not important to know whether a patient has overdosed 15 or 20 times above a prescribed
limit, but simply that the limit has been exceeded. In such cases, a rapid measurement is
required rather than a precise one. This form of measurement is generally called
semi-quantitative analysis.
This chapter discusses quantitative analysis in detail. Quantitative analysis consists of the
following steps:
• Preparing samples
• Developing a suitable chromatographic method
• Calibrating the mass spectrometer’s response
• Analyzing the samples
• Reviewing the results
It is beyond the scope of this manual to describe sample preparation and chromatographic
method development. This manual assumes that you have achieved these important
prerequisites to high quality quantitative analysis. Refer to the Getting Started and Hardware
manuals for your autosampler, LC pump or MS pump, and mass spectrometer for guidance
in these areas.
2
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Considering the Variables of Quantitative Analysis by LC/MS/MS
Considering the Variables of Quantitative Analysis by LC/MS/MS
The combination of liquid chromatography (LC) and mass spectroscopy (MS) sets up a
unique set of considerations. Chemists who are familiar with quantitative analysis using one
or the other of these analytical tools can find the information in the following topics useful:
• Using LC for Analyte Separation
• Using MS/MS for Analyte Detection
Using LC for Analyte Separation
Chemists who work with LC are accustomed to developing methods for their analytes of
interest that take into account a variety of parameters. The following LC parameters might be
considered for optimum separation of compounds:
• Composition of stationary phase
• Column diameter
• Column length
• Column usability over time
• Solvent(s) or composition of mobile phase
• Flow rates
• Isocratic or gradient (ramped) solvent compositions
Often the only measurable result of optical detectors that LC chemists can use to identify an
analyte is the retention time at a specified wavelength. Therefore to quantitate compounds
accurately, the compound peaks must be distinctly separated from each other in time. By
carefully optimizing the LC variables listed above, compounds can be successfully separated
and detected with an optical detector such as an ultraviolet (UV) or photo diode array (PDA)
detector.
In contrast to optical detectors, mass spectrometers can often successfully detect individual
analytes even when two or more compounds coelute as a single chromatographic peak.
Coeluting compounds are ionized in the mass spectrometer, and the parent or fragment ions
specific to the analyte(s) are detected and measured for quantitative analysis. Because the mass
spectrometer detection is so specific, the chromatographic resolution can be reduced and the
run times can be shortened.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
3
1
Introduction
Considering the Variables of Quantitative Analysis by LC/MS/MS
Using MS/MS for Analyte Detection
Chemists who work with a mass spectrometer interfaced to an LC should consider the
following variables to optimize detection of ions by MS/MS:
• Solution chemistry and polarity of the analyte of interest
• Probe selection (H-ESI, ESI, APPI, or APCI)
• Collision energy to fragment parent ions inside the mass spectrometer (optimized by
experiment)
The LC provides a stream of analyte solution (eluate) into the mass spectrometer, where the
analyte is detected. Consideration must be given to the content of modifiers, salts, and
contaminants in the eluate. Specifically, you must ensure that what goes into the inlet of
the mass spectrometer does not suppress ionization of the compound of interest. Salt
concentrations above 10 mM and strong acids and bases will damage the LC column.
Modifier concentrations greater than 10 mM are not usually necessary for chromatographic
stability and can suppress ionization of other compounds. Whenever possible, it is best to use
volatile modifiers.
Volatile modifiers include the following:
• Acetic acid
• Ammonium acetate
• Ammonium formate
• Ammonium hydroxide
• Formic acid
• Trifluoroacetic acid
Your analyte solution can contain neutral particles or ions. If the solution contains ions, the
ions can carry a single charge or multiple charges. The number of charges depends on the
structure of the analyte and the composition and pH of the mobile phase. Solvent systems
are generally composed of organic solvents, water, and volatile modifiers. The ionization
characteristics of your analyte should influence your decisions about the optimum pH of your
solvent system and about which probe to use at the interface of the LC and the mass
spectrometer.
With the TSQ Quantum series, LTQ series, or LCQ series instruments, you can use either the
H-ESI probe, the ESI probe, the APCI probe, or the APCI/APPI probe at the interface of the
LC. The choice of probe depends on the class of compound that you want to analyze, and to
a small extent, on the flow rate of your experiment. In general, the APCI and the APCI/APPI
probes accommodate higher flow rates and molecules of a less polar nature than does the ESI
probe. Refer to the “Introduction” chapter in the Getting Started manual for your mass
spectrometer for a discussion of factors that can influence your decision about flow rates and
about which probe to use for optimum transfer of ions into the mass spectrometer.
4
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Quantitative Analysis Techniques
After the ions are inside the mass spectrometer and the parent ions are isolated, collision
energy is applied to dissociate the parent ions into product ions (MS/MS). The relative
collision energy for a particular analysis depends on the structure of the compound that you
are analyzing. For this reason, you optimize the collision energy on your analyte of interest in
a tuning experiment. Refer to the Getting Started manual for your mass spectrometer for the
tuning procedure that describes how to optimize the collision energy.
Quantitative Analysis Techniques
To carry out quantitative analysis, you need to evaluate the instrument’s response to known
amounts of the target component. Response is based on either the height of the
chromatogram peak, or more commonly, the area under the peak’s profile. See Figure 1. In
both cases the baseline of the detected peak must be taken into account.
Instrument response is generally measured with several samples commonly called standards,
or calibration standards. These standards must cover a suitably wide range of concentrations
or amounts and must bracket the range of expected concentrations in the unknown.
Responses to these standards are plotted in a graph called a calibration curve. Ideally, this
curve should correspond to the equation of a straight line to ensure the highest degree of
precision.2
Fitting an equation to the calibration curve with a user chosen method (for example, a least
squares regression) provides a response factor - a comparative measure of the response of
the mass spectrometer to a component. It is based on the amount of sample injected and the
resulting peak area or peak height. Thus, the response factor gives an intuitive and
quantitative measure of how responsive or sensitive the mass spectrometer is to a certain
component.
2Mass
Spectrometry: Principles and Applications; de Hoffman, E., Charette, J., Stroobant, V.; Wiley: New York,
1996; p 162.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
5
1
Introduction
Quantitative Analysis Techniques
Integrated chromatographic peak
Relative Intensity
Figure 1.
Time(min)
Quantitative Analysis of samples containing unknown amounts of the target component is
achieved by first calculating the peak area or height and then computing and applying the
appropriate response to the equation derived from the calibration curve. This provides an
estimate of the amount of the unknown component. The precision of the measurement
depends on the quality and, to a lesser extent, the quantity of the calibration data.
The detection limit of the quantitative analysis method is the lowest concentration of analyte
in a sample that can be detected but not necessarily quantitated as an exact value. The
lower and upper quantification limits are the lowest and highest concentrations of analytes
in a sample that can be measured with an acceptable level of accuracy and precision.
In an analytical method, the highest concentration calibration standard defines the upper
quantification limit. The quantification range is the range of concentration between the
lower and upper quantification limits (including these limits) that can be reliably and
reproducibility quantified with acceptable levels of accuracy and precision through the use
of a concentration-response relationship.
There are two basic quantitative analysis techniques:
• External standard quantitative analysis
• Internal standard (ISTD) quantitative analysis
The chosen method determines the manner in which response is calculated, both for the
generation of the calibration curves and for subsequent quantitative analysis. These methods
are described in the following topics:
• Using External Standards for Quantitative Analysis
• Using Internal Standards for Quantitative Analysis
6
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Quantitative Analysis Techniques
Using External Standards for Quantitative Analysis
An external standard is a separate sample that contains the compound of interest at a known
concentration in solution. In the external standard quantitative analysis technique, a series of
standards are analyzed and a calibration curve is constructed by plotting the magnitude of the
detector response as a function of the external standard concentration. The unknown sample
is then analyzed, and the concentration is determined by matching the magnitude of the
detector response with that on the calibration curve. See Figure 2.
Using external standards is advantageous if various components in a sample are being
analyzed, and if all compounds of interest can be assayed by using a single set of external
standards. This approach offers time- and cost-effective quantitative analysis, although it is
not capable of achieving the very highest precision and accuracy. Variations in analyte and
solution stability, injection reproducibility, and matrix interference lead to lower precision
levels in the external standard method than in the internal standard method.
Figure 2.
Calibration curve generated by using an external standard
Response for Target Compound
500000
Response for
Unknown Sample
400000
300000
200000
100000
Amount [A] in
Unknown Sample
0
0
Thermo Scientific
20
40
60
Amount of Target Compound [A]
80
100
LCquan User Guide
7
1
Introduction
Quantitative Analysis Techniques
Using Internal Standards for Quantitative Analysis
An internal standard (ISTD) is a component that is added to a sample to act as a response
reference for one or more non-ISTD components in the sample. The concentration or
amount of an ISTD in any standard or unknown sample remains constant.
Because quantitative mass spectrometric analysis usually involves multiple steps, the total
error in the analysis results from the accumulation of the errors at each step. In general,
sample handling errors account for a larger fraction of the total error than do mass
spectrometer errors. Fortunately, the internal standard method can reduce both sources of
error. For example, internal standards can correct for variations in a component’s peak area
that are caused by the following:
• Injection irreproducibility
• Changes in analyte solution volume
• Matrix and coeluter interference (both suppression and enhancement)
• System instability
• Variations in the source conditions
For maximum precision, the ISTD component should be added as early as possible to the
start of the sample workup, particularly in those quantitative methods that require sample
manipulations such as extraction, cleanup, and dilution. Since the ISTD and non-ISTD
components are analyzed together, the internal standard quantitative analysis approach has
the advantage that it corrects for injection and other sample handling errors. The ISTD must
behave chemically in an identical or similar manner to the target compound through the
extraction, cleanup, and analytical processes.
The ISTD component can also be added as the last step of sample preparation prior to the
sample’s use to compensate for fluctuations in the reproducibility of the sample injection.
In general, ISTDs are used in a quantitative analysis experiment as follows:
1. A series of standard solutions containing known concentrations of the target compound
and ISTD are analyzed. Then, the ratio of the target compound and the ISTD detector
responses are plotted as a function of the corresponding ratio for the two quantities
present in the solution.
2. A fixed amount of the ISTD is added to each sample prior to any manipulation. Then,
after the samples are prepared and analyzed, the quantity of the target compound present
in an unknown sample can be obtained from the calibration curve. See Figure 3.
Ideally, an ISTD should be closely related to the target component in terms of its physical and
chemical properties. It must be pure, not present in the sample, and inert towards the
components of the sample. ISTD components are typically analogs, homologues or isomers of
the target non-ISTD component. An ideal ISTD is a structural or isotopically-labeled analog
of one of the target components. Stable isotope-labeled ISTDs act almost identically to the
8
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction
Sample Types
analyte throughout sample manipulation and with regard to ionization tendencies and
fragmentation. Internal standards labeled with two or more deuterium (D) atoms are
frequently used for LC/MS.
There can be any number of ISTD components in a sample but each non-ISTD component
can be calibrated against only one ISTD.
Response for Target Compound / Response for ISTD
Figure 3.
Calibration curve generated by using an internal standard
1.4
1.2
Response Ratio for
Unknown Sample
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.0
0.0
Unknown [A]
0.5
1.0
1.5
Amount of Target Compound [A]
2.0
2.5
Sample Types
Each quantitative analysis consists of a number, or sequence, of samples. The sequence
represents the order of sample analysis. A quantification sequence contains:
• One or more standards
• One or more unknown samples
For more demanding applications, you can also use optional quality control (QC) samples
and blank samples.
Standards
A calibration standard is a sample containing known amounts of all target components. The
purpose of a standard is to measure the response of the instrument to the target components
so that a calibration curve can be generated for each component.
Unknowns
An unknown sample is one containing unknown amounts of the target components. LCquan
performs quantitative analysis on any sample defined as an unknown sample.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
9
1
Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
QCs
A QC sample contains a known amount of one or more specific target compounds. QC
samples are placed in the sequence so that quantitative analysis results can be tested for quality
assurance purposes. After the QC sample is analyzed, the measured quantity is compared with
the expected value and an acceptability range. The quantitative analysis of a QC sample is
classified as passed if the difference between the observed and expected quantities is within the
user defined tolerance. A QC sample is classified as failed if the difference between the
observed and expected quantities is outside the defined tolerance.
Blanks
A blank sample contains no target components but might contain an ISTD when the internal
standard quantitative analysis technique is being used. The analysis of a blank sample allows
you to confirm that there are no residual components in the solvent system that can cause
erroneous results.
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
LCquan is a complete quantitative analysis software package that enables you to acquire data
specifically for an analyte of interest, to quantitate the results, and to produce reports.
This section contains the following topics:
• Overview of LCquan
• LCquan Folder Structure
• Acquiring and Processing Data with LCquan
• Using This Manual
Overview of LCquan
LCquan is divided into four main views: Instrument Setup, Acquisition, Explore, and
Quantitate. By using these views, you can develop Instrument Methods, acquire data, explore
data, and process data files.
10
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
Instrument Setup View
The Instrument Setup view of LCquan (see Figure 4) enables you to develop Instrument
Methods for the instruments that you have selected by using the Xcalibur Instrument
Configuration window. An Instrument Method is a set of experimental parameters and
operating settings for a specific instrument, such as an autosampler, LC pump or MS pump,
mass spectrometer, divert valve, or syringe pump. Within the Instrument Setup view you can
create new methods or modify existing methods. You can also import previously collected data
files to help you set up time segments and scan events based upon the data acquired. In
general, the Instrument Setup view within LCquan functions like the Instrument Setup
window of the Xcalibur Home Page.
The Instrument Setup view contains separate pages for each instrument that you have selected
by using the Xcalibur Instrument Configuration window.
Note The Instrument Setup view is not available in LCquan for Citrix.
Figure 4.
Thermo Scientific
Instrument Setup view
LCquan User Guide
11
1
Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
Acquisition View
The Acquisition view of LCquan (see Figure 5) allows you to set up a sequence of samples
for acquisition. The sequence can contain unknown samples, calibration standard samples,
quality control samples, and blank samples. Once you have defined a sequence, you can
specify acquisition options and processing action options for the sequence and then start
running it. The Acquisition view also contains a real-time display so that you can watch
updates of the acquisition status and the data being acquired.
The Acquisition view contains the Sequence Setup page, the Run Sequence dialog box, and
the Status page.
Note The Acquisition view is not available in LCquan for Citrix.
Figure 5.
12
Acquisition view – Setup Sequence page
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
Explore View
The Explore view allows you to display a multi-peak chromatogram, for a single sample, and
then to experiment with peak detection and integration parameters to see how they affect the
chromatogram. In the Explore view, you determine the optimum parameters to be used in the
Processing Method. LCquan can also generate a peak list, from which you can generate quan
components to be used in the Processing Method. The Create Explore Method page of the
Explore view is shown in Figure 6.
Figure 6.
Thermo Scientific
Explore view – Create Explore Method page, showing a multipeak chromatogram
LCquan User Guide
13
1
Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
Quantitate View
In the Quantitate view (see Figure 7), LCquan steps you through a procedure for batch
processing raw data files during quantitative analysis. The LCquan window incorporates an
integrated calibration curve, peak integration, and results view that allows you to review and
rework standards, QCs, and unknowns interactively in one window. You can also enter the
Quantitate view while you are acquiring data to process the data acquired to date.
Figure 7.
14
Quantitate view – Review All Results page
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
LCquan uses a Processing Method to automatically determine the concentration (or amount)
of the sample being analyzed. The Processing Method measures the response of the detection
system to the compounds in your sample by integrating the area under each peak.
After several known standards are measured, LCquan constructs a calibration curve, which it
uses to accomplish the quantitative analysis of unknown samples. LCquan provides a number
of options for fitting the calibration data to generate the calibration curve. You can have
LCquan fit the calibration data to the following curve types:
• Linear
• Quadratic
• Linear log-log
• Quadratic log-log
• Average response factor (RF)
• Point-to-point
• Cubic spline
• Locally weighted
You can also have LCquan weight the calibration data with the following weighting functions
when performing the least squares fit to the calibration data:
• Equal
• 1/X
• 1/X2
• 1/Y
• 1/Y2
• 1/S2, where S2 = X2 + Y2
In addition, you can have LCquan ignore the origin, use the origin as a data point, or force
the calibration curve to include the origin.
The Quantitate view contains the following pages: Create Method, Create Sequence, Survey,
Review All, and Review Reports.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
15
1
Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
LCquan Folder Structure
When you start a new quantitative analysis project, LCquan creates a hierarchical folder
structure for the project on the hard drive. See Figure 8.
Figure 8.
Folder structure created by LCquan for a quantitative analysis project
The top-most level in the file structure is the study folder. This folder is used to organize
one or more workbook folders. Each workbook folder holds all of the information used by
LCquan for an individual quantitative analysis project. The workbook folder contains the
LCquan file (.lqn file), the Instrument Method file(s) (.meth file), and the audit log files.
In addition, the workbook folder contains the following folders: Exports, Imports, Rawfiles,
and Temp.
The Exports folder stores copies of all files that are exported from LCquan, such as report
files. The Imports folder stores a copy of legacy files that you import into the workbook, such
as Instrument Method files or sequence files. The Rawfiles folder contains acquired data files
(.raw files), as well as any imported raw data files. The Temp folder contains backup and
temporary files used by LCquan.
When you create a new project, LCquan requires you to name the study folder and the
workbook folder. You can have as many different workbooks in the same study folder as you
want, but each workbook must have a unique name. This is convenient for organizing your
quantitative analysis projects. For example, you can use one study folder to organize all of the
separate quantitative analysis projects that you are doing for a particular client. You can not
rename the subfolders that LCquan creates in the workbook folder.
LCquan manages all of the files associated with the project. You do not need to remember
what individual files are named or where they reside on your hard drive. All necessary files are
contained within the workbook. In addition, LCquan uses a file tracking feature to maintain a
secure file system. Check with your Administrator if you have problems with the security
configuration.
IMPORTANT To maintain secure file operations, LCquan tracks the files in the workbook
to ensure that none has been modified by an external process. If you modify a file in the
workbook by using another software application (including Xcalibur), LCquan will not
allow you to reopen the workbook. Therefore, always use LCquan to open and modify the
workbook and its associated files.
16
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1 Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
Acquiring and Processing Data with LCquan
With LCquan, quantitative analysis usually involves the following processes. The order of
some of these steps is not rigid. For example, before you acquire data, you can create the
Processing Method and Processing Sequence and then use these to define the Acquisition
Sequence.
1. Developing an Instrument Method (non-Citrix environment only):
LCquan uses an Instrument Method to store a specific set of parameters used to operate
the autosampler, LC pump or MS pump, mass spectrometer, divert valve, and syringe
pump during analysis. See Chapter 2, “Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of
Steroids Data.”
2. Building an Acquisition Sequence of samples (non-Citrix environment only):
An Acquisition Sequence defines each sample as a standard, unknown, QC, or blank, and
identifies its position on an autosampler tray (if appropriate). See Chapter 2, “Preparing
to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data.”
3. Acquiring data (non-Citrix environment only):
LCquan allows you to run one sample or a series of samples from the current Acquisition
Sequence. See Chapter 2, “Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data.”
4. Exploring your data:
The Explore view is a “sandbox” where you can open a raw data file and play with peak
detection and integration parameters that you will use in the Quantitate view. See
Chapter 3, “Exploring Your Data.”
5. Creating a Processing Method:
LCquan uses a Processing Method to identify, detect, and integrate components in a
chromatogram, generate calibration curves, quantify unknowns, and produce reports. See
Chapter 4, “Creating a Processing Method.”
6. Building a Processing Sequence:
A Processing Sequence consists of a list of sample data files and includes information on
sample type and calibration or QC level. See Chapter 5, “Creating a Processing
Sequence.”
7. Processing the raw files and reviewing the calibration and quantitative analysis results:
After LCquan processes the raw data file, you can evaluate and rework the calibration
standards by modifying the peak detection and integration settings. You can also integrate
peaks manually. See Chapter 6, “Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical
Results.”
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
17
1
Introduction
Introduction to Quantitative Analysis with LCquan
8. Creating reports:
LCquan provides both standard and custom printed reports. Standard reports contain
preselected methods and results summaries. Custom reports contain methods and results
summaries that you select from a list of options. See Chapter 6, “Processing the Raw Files
and Reviewing the Analytical Results.”
Using This Manual
This manual contains a stepwise procedure for performing quantitative analysis on an
example data set provided in the Xcalibur\examples\data folder of your Xcalibur data system.
This data was collected on a steroids mixture in the applications laboratories at
Thermo Scientific by using LC/MS/MS techniques in the APCI ionization mode.
The steroids mixture contains hydrocortisone, deoxycorticosterone, and progesterone as the
target compounds. A fourth steroid, methyltestosterone, is used as an internal standard
(ISTD). The amount of the internal standard in the calibration standards in this example is
0.63 ng. Calibration standards were prepared to give five calibration levels with amounts
of 0.63, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, and 10.0 ng. This example also includes five unknown samples. No
QC samples are included.
This manual leads you through the steps of quantitative analysis of the steroids data set,
including importing the existing steroids raw data files into a new workbook folder, creating a
new Acquisition Sequence, Processing Method and Processing Sequence, processing the raw
data files, reviewing calibration standards and unknowns, and creating and reviewing reports.
Although you do not need to create an Instrument Method or an Acquisition Sequence to
follow the quantitative analysis procedure for steroids, procedures on how to do this are also
included in this manual.
We recommended that you follow the steroids quantitative analysis in the following order:
1. “Creating a New Study and Workbook” on page 22
2. “Creating an Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example” on page 30
3. “Editing the Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example” on page 34
4. “Generating a Peak List” on page 54
5. “Creating a Processing Method” on page 71
6. “Creating a Processing Sequence” on page 87
7. “Processing the Raw Files” on page 100
8. “Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs” on page 100
9. “Reviewing All Results” on page 112
18
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
1
Introduction
LCquan for Citrix
Note Sections of this manual that provide only additional information and are not
necessary for the steroids quantitative analysis are clearly marked. You can skip these
sections while performing the analysis; however, they provide important information and
should be read at a later time.
LCquan for Citrix
LCquan supports Citrix Presentation Server™. Citrix Presentation Server is used for
application virtualization to manage the LCquan software configuration and maintenance.
The LCquan virtual application runs on centralized servers; only keystrokes and mouse clicks
travel over the network from the user’s computer, and only screen images travel over the
network to the user’s computer. You need to validate LCquan only on the server.
LCquan 2.5 SP1 and later versions support the Citrix environment for data processing.
LCquan for Citrix includes only the Explore and Quantitate views of LCquan. Certain
actions within LCquan, such as data acquisition, can be done only on a local, validated
computer and not the server.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
19
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of
Steroids Data
This chapter describes how to start LCquan and create a new study and workbook in
preparation for analyzing pre-existing steroids data. This chapter also describes the
Instrument Setup view and the Acquisition view of LCquan. Although the step-by-step
procedure for performing quantitative analysis contained in this manual does not require
that you create Instrument Methods or acquire your own data, this chapter outlines the
procedures for doing this.
Contents
• Creating a New Study and Workbook
• Reviewing the Instrument Setup View
• Reviewing the Acquisition View
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
21
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Creating a New Study and Workbook
Creating a New Study and Workbook
When you start LCquan, you can open an existing study and workbook, or you can create a
new study and workbook set. You can also choose to open a workbook in review mode. In
review mode you can analyze existing data and create methods, but you cannot acquire data.
For the quantitative analysis of steroids data, you create a new study and workbook and
import raw steroids data to start your analysis.
Y To create a new study and workbook
1. Open LCquan from your desktop by choosing Start > Programs > Xcalibur > LCquan.
LCquan displays a startup dialog box from which you can open the last used workbook,
open an existing workbook, or create a new workbook. See Figure 9.
If you have used LCquan previously, the name of the most recently opened workbook
appears directly above the buttons. In addition, the Most Recently Used Workbooks list
displays up to eight workbooks; you can open a workbook from this list by clicking on it.
Figure 9.
22
LCquan User Guide
Startup dialog box for LCquan
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Creating a New Study and Workbook
2. Ensure that the Open in Review Mode check box is cleared.
3. Click on the Create New Study or Workbook button. The Welcome page of the
New Study or Workbook Wizard appears. See Figure 10.
4. Click on Next to continue.
5. Name the study and workbook folders:
a. In the Study Name text box, type Practice Study.
b. In the Workbook Name text box, type Steroids Workbook.
c. Click on Next to continue.
Figure 10. New Study or Workbook Wizard – Welcome page
Note LCquan does not permit you to overwrite existing data. If you attempt to name
a new study and workbook set the same as an existing set, LCquan displays the
following message box. Click OK, and then type another study or workbook name.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
23
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Creating a New Study and Workbook
6. Select the raw data files to import into the new workbook:
a. Select the Import Rawfiles check box.
b. Click on Browse to open the Select Rawfile dialog box.
c. Browse to Xcalibur\examples\data.
d. Click on samplea, and then hold down SHIFT and click on steroids17 to select the
14 steroid raw files. See Figure 11.
e. Click on Open and then Next to continue.
Figure 11. Select Rawfile dialog box, showing the selected steroids raw files
7. Ensure that the Import Instrument Method, Acquisition Sequence, and
Processing Parameters check box is cleared, and click on Next.
8. Click on Finish. LCquan creates the new study and workbook folders and imports the
raw data files into the Rawfiles subfolder.
After you create a new workbook, LCquan opens the Instrument Setup view. Because there
are no Instrument Methods for the configured devices yet, LCquan creates default methods.
You use the raw files that you just imported to complete the steroids quantitative analysis
described in this manual. Therefore, you do not need to create an Instrument Method or
acquire your own data. If you want to continue directly with the quantitative analysis of
steroids procedure, skip the next several sections in this chapter and continue with “Creating
an Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example” on page 30.
24
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Instrument Setup View
Reviewing the Instrument Setup View
The Instrument Setup view allows you to define a set of experimental parameters for each
configured instrument. These parameters include the operating settings for the instrument
(collectively referred to as the Instrument Method), as well as any optional instrument
settings to be used before or after LCquan runs a sequence of samples (Startup Method and
Shutdown Method, respectively). The parameters that are displayed in the Instrument Setup
view depend on the instrument that you select in the viewbar on the left side of the view. See
Figure 12.
Note
• The Instrument Setup view is not available in LCquan for Citrix.
• For this example, if you do not create an Acquisition Sequence, you need to create a
Processing Sequence later.
Figure 12. Instrument Setup view, showing the default Instrument Method for TSQ Quantum
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
25
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Instrument Setup View
This section contains the following topics:
• Creating Instrument Methods
• Importing an Existing Instrument Method
Creating Instrument Methods
Although you do not need to create Instrument Methods to follow the quantitative analysis
procedure described in this manual, the general procedure is outlined below. For specific
information on how to set up a particular instrument, refer to the online Help.
Y To create Instrument Methods for your configured instruments
1. Select an instrument by clicking on its icon in the viewbar.
LCquan displays one or more pages of instrument parameters.
Note You must configure the instrument before you can define an Instrument
Method. If you need to configure an instrument, you must first close LCquan and
Xcalibur and choose Start > Programs > Xcalibur > Instrument Configuration to
open the Instrument Configuration dialog box.
2. Ensure that the Instrument Method
button is selected.
3. Enter the instrument settings that are appropriate for the experiment that you want to
perform. Note that the Instrument Setup view might contain multiple pages or dialog
boxes.
4. Repeat steps 1 through 3 for each instrument that you want to set up.
5. If you want to create an optional Startup Method that LCquan will run before it runs the
first sample in an acquisition, do the following:
a. Select the appropriate instrument by clicking on its icon in the viewbar.
b. Click on the Startup Method
button.
c. Enter the startup settings for the instrument.
6. If you want to create an optional Shutdown Method that LCquan will run after it runs
the last sample in an acquisition, do the following:
a. Select the appropriate instrument by clicking on its icon in the viewbar.
b. Click on the Shutdown Method
button.
c. Enter the shutdown settings for the instrument.
If you create or modify an Instrument Method, LCquan automatically saves it when you leave
the Instrument Setup view. The file name is based on the workbook name (for example,
Steroids Workbook.meth).
26
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
After a method has been saved in the workbook, it remains part of the workbook even if the
configured instrument is removed.
Importing an Existing Instrument Method
LCquan also lets you import an existing Instrument Method into your current workbook
instead of creating a new method. You can use the method as is or edit it, if necessary.
You can import an Instrument Method in the following ways:
• New Study Wizard. When you create a new workbook, the New Study Wizard gives you
the option of importing Instrument Methods, Acquisition Sequences, and processing
parameters to initialize the new workbook. You can select to import all of this data from
an existing workbook, or you can select to import an Instrument Method from an
individual legacy file (.meth file).
• Instrument Setup view menu command.
• Instrument Method File dialog box. Choose File > Import Instrument Method to
display the Import Instrument Method File dialog box. This dialog box allows you to
import an Instrument Method from an individual legacy file (.meth file).
Reviewing the Acquisition View
The Acquisition view allows you to define an Acquisition Sequence, run individual samples
and sequences, and monitor real-time data acquisition. This view is made up of the following
components:
• Setup Sequence Page
• Run Sequence Dialog Box
• Naming Components and Assigning Calibration Levels
• Acquisition View – Status Page
You use the viewbar on the left side of the view to select the page or dialog box.
Note You have already imported existing raw data into your workbook. You do not need
to acquire your own data to follow the quantitative analysis procedure described in this
manual.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
27
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Setup Sequence Page
The Acquisition view – Setup Sequence page allows you to create or modify an Acquisition
Sequence. It includes (clockwise from the top left) the Sequence Header, the Acquisition
Sequence History pane, and the Sequence table. See Figure 13.
The Acquisition Sequence is a list of samples and defined settings that LCquan uses to
acquire data. The Acquisition Sequence can contain unknown samples, calibration standard
samples, quality control (QC) samples, and blank samples. Each sample can be defined by
some or all of the following settings:
• Sample type
• File name
• Sample identification
• QC or Standard level
• Internal standard correction amount
• Dilution factor
• Vial position
• Injection volume
• Sample volume
• Sample weight
• Sample name
28
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Figure 13. Acquisition view – Setup Sequence page, showing an Acquisition Sequence
Each row of the sequence corresponds to one sample injection. You need an
Acquisition Sequence to acquire data and a Processing Sequence to process data.
The Acquisition Sequence and the Processing Sequence can be the same. Each sequence
has a limit of 5000 samples.
The following subtopics describe how to use the Setup Sequence page:
• Creating an Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example
• Editing the Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example
• Importing or Copying an Existing Sequence
• Editing an Acquisition Sequence
• Assigning Calibration or QC Levels
• Printing and Exporting the Acquisition Sequence
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
29
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Creating an Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example
Although you do not need to create an Acquisition Sequence to follow the quantitative
analysis procedure described in this manual, the procedure is outlined below. For more
information, refer to the online Help.
Y To define an Acquisition Sequence for the steroids example
1. From the Instrument Setup view (see previous section), click on the Acquisition
button in the viewbar. If no Acquisition Sequence is defined in the
workbook, the New Acquisition Wizard appears. See Figure 14.
Tip If the New Acquisition Wizard does not appear, right-click on the Sequence table
and choose New Acquisition Sequence Wizard from the shortcut menu.
Figure 14. New Acquisition Wizard – Welcome page
2. Click on Next to continue.
3. Specify not to create a new workbook for the acquisition:
Ensure that the Create a New Workbook check box is cleared and click on Next.
Note If you want to create a new workbook, select the Create a New Workbook
check box and click on Next. Then, provide a name for the new study and workbook
and click on Next.
30
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
4. Specify not to import an existing sequence into the workbook:
Ensure that the Base Sequence On a Previously Saved File check box is cleared and
click on Next.
Note If you want to import a sequence, select the Base Sequence On a Previously
Saved File check box. Then, click on Browse and locate the sequence file (file with
extension .sld, .ipp, .csv) or the LCquan file (.lqn) that contains the sequence. (The
sequence for the steroids example is C:\Xcalibur\examples\method\steroids.sld.) You
can always edit the sequence after you import it. Click on Next. Go to step 12.
5. Specify the raw file names:
• Base File Name: steroids
• Starting Number: 1
Click on Next.
LCquan appends a three-digit number (001-999) to the base file name so that each
sample in a sequence has a unique identification.
6. Specify the unknown sample information:
• Number of Samples: 5
• Injections per sample: 1
• Base Sample ID: sample
Click on Next.
LCquan generates sample IDs that uniquely identify the unknown samples in the
sequence by appending numerical values to a base sample ID.
7. Specify the autosampler settings:
• Initial Vial Position: A:1
• Re-Use Vial Positions (for replicate samples):
• Injection Volume Obtained from Autosampler Method:
Click on Next.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
31
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
8. Specify the calibration standard information:
• Add Standards:
• Based on Automatically Generated Cal Levels:
• Number of Cal Levels: 5
• Cal Level Base Name: cal
• Number of Injections Per Level: 2
• Add Blanks:
• Fill in Sample ID for Standards:
Click on Next.
LCquan generates names for the levels by appending numerical values to the base name.
Note
• You can use the calibration levels and component names from the Processing
Method (if one exists in the workbook). Refer to “Importing the Components
and Levels into the Acquisition Sequence” on page 84.
• The steroids data set does not contain any quality control or blank samples.
When a data set does contain QCs or blanks, you associate the raw data files to
the QC or blank sample type in the same manner as above.
9. Specify that there are no QCs:
a. Add QCs:
b. Click on Next.
You can use the QC levels from the Processing Method (if one exists in the workbook) or
you can have LCquan generate names for the levels by appending numerical values to a
base name.
10. Specify temporary component names for the steroids:
• Number of Components: 4
• Component Base Name: Component
Click on Next.
11. Accept the default labels and the values for the five user-defined text boxes that appear in
the Sequence Header area of the page. (The information that you enter in these text boxes
appears in the header of the raw file.) Click on Next.
32
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
12. Click on Finish to close the wizard. LCquan displays the Acquisition view – Setup
Sequence page. See Figure 15.
Figure 15. Acquisition view – Setup Sequence page
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
33
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Editing the Acquisition Sequence for the Steroids Example
Although you are not acquiring data in this example, in this section you edit the Acquisition
Sequence as if you were. This Acquisition Sequence would produce the raw files in the
steroids data set. Later, you can use this Acquisition Sequence as the Processing Sequence.
Y To edit the Acquisition Sequence
1. Delete rows 1 and 15:
a. Select row 1 by clicking on the 1 at the left of the row.
b. Delete row 1 by right-clicking on row 1, and then selecting Delete Rows from the
shortcut menu.
c. Select row 15 by clicking on the 15 at the left of the row.
d. Delete row 15 by right-clicking on row 15, and then selecting Delete Rows from the
shortcut menu.
e. Click on Compress
to remove blank rows.
2. Change the file names and calibration levels as shown in Table 1. You can change a file
name or calibration level by clicking in the box and then using the down arrow.
Table 1. Sample types, file names, and calibration levels in the Acquisition Sequence for the
steroids example
#
Sample Type
File Name
Level
1
Standard
steroids02
cal04
2
Standard
steroids03
cal03
3
Standard
steroids04
cal02
4
Standard
steroids05
cal01
5
Unknown
samplea
6
Unknown
sampleb
7
Unknown
samplec
8
Unknown
sampled
9
Unknown
samplee
10
Standard
steroids13
cal04
11
Standard
steroids14
cal03
12
Standard
steroids15
cal02
13
Standard
steroids16
cal05
The Acquisition Sequence should now look like Figure 16.
34
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Figure 16. Edited Acquisition Sequence for the steroids example
3. Choose File > Save to save the Acquisition Sequence and workbook.
To continue with the steroids example, continue with the next topic: “Naming Components
and Assigning Calibration Levels.”
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
35
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Naming Components and Assigning Calibration Levels
You can change the component names and define or modify the calibration levels and
QC levels that the Acquisition Sequence uses by using the Acquisition Levels dialog box:
Y To change the component names and define or modify the calibration levels and
QC levels
1. Right-click in the Sequence table and choose Standard and QC Levels from the shortcut
menu to open the Acquisition Levels dialog box.
2. Modify the Calibration Levels table as shown in Table 2 and Figure 18.
Table 2. Calibration levels
Calibration Level
Amount (ng)
cal01
0.63
cal02
1.25
cal03
2.50
cal04
5.00
cal05
10.00
Figure 17. Acquisition Levels dialog box with initial settings
36
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
3. Click on row 6 in the Calibration Levels table.
4. Right-click on the Calibration Levels table and choose Copy Current Component
Levels to all Target Compounds from the shortcut menu.
5. Change the component names by selecting the existing name in the Components table
and then typing the new name:
a. Change Component1 to methyltestosterone.
b. Change Component2 to deoxycorticosterone.
c. Change Component3 to progesterone.
d. Change Component4 to hydrocortisone.
e. Click on Row 5 in the Components table
6. Click on hydrocortisone in the Component List and change the cal05 level to 12. The
Acquisition Levels dialog box should look like Figure 19.
7. Click on OK.
Figure 18. Acquisition Levels dialog box, showing components and calibration levels for the
steroids example
To continue with the steroids example, go on to Chapter 3, “Exploring Your Data.” For more
information on acquiring data and Acquisition Sequences, continue with the next topic:
“Importing or Copying an Existing Sequence”.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
37
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Importing or Copying an Existing Sequence
In some cases, instead of creating a new Acquisition Sequence, it might be more convenient to
use an existing sequence as your Acquisition Sequence. You can do this by importing an
existing Acquisition Sequence or by copying the Processing Sequence from your current
workbook.
You can import or copy an existing sequence in the following ways:
• By using the New Study Wizard:
When you create a new workbook, the New Study Wizard gives you the option of
importing Instrument Methods, Acquisition Sequences, and processing parameters to
initialize the new workbook. You can select to import all of this data from an existing
workbook, or you can select to import an Acquisition Sequence from an individual legacy
file (.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
If you import an Acquisition Sequence from an individual legacy file into a workbook
that contains a Processing Method but does not contain a Processing Sequence, LCquan
uses the same sequence for both.
Note When the imported Acquisition Sequence is also used as the Processing
Sequence, the level names must match those defined in the Processing Method:
If the calibration or quality control level names in the sequence are different from
those in the Processing Method, LCquan displays the Standard Level Names
Association dialog box of the QC Level Names Association dialog box. You can use
these dialog boxes to associate the level names in the sequence with the level names in
the Processing Method.
If the imported sequence contains calibration or QC levels but the Processing
Method does not, LCquan displays a warning box to inform you. It then displays the
Sample Type Assignment dialog box. You can select to change the sample type of
these samples to unknown in the Processing Sequence or to discard the samples that
have these levels in the Processing Sequence.
• By using the New Acquisition Sequence Wizard in the Acquisition view:
When you use the New Acquisition Sequence Wizard in the Acquisition view, you have
the option to import a previously saved file. You can import a sequence from an
individual legacy file (.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
• By using menu commands from within the Acquisition view:
From the Setup Sequence page of the Acquisition view, you can choose
File > Import Acquisition Sequence > From File to display the Import Sequence File
dialog box. This dialog box allows you to import a sequence from an individual legacy file
(.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
38
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
You can also right-click anywhere within the page and choose Import Acquisition
Sequence > From File from the shortcut menu to display the Import Sequence File
dialog box.
• By dragging and dropping sequences from the Acquisition Sequence History pane:
The Acquisition Sequence History lists every Acquisition Sequence that was submitted to
the acquisition queue in the life of the workbook. You can select one or more of these
sequences and then drag and drop them into the Sequence table. Hold down the CTRL
key to select multiple sequences.
• By copying the Processing Sequence if one already exists in the current workbook:
From the Setup Sequence page of the Acquisition view, you can choose
File > Import Acquisition Sequence > Copy From Processing Sequence to copy the
Processing Sequence from the current workbook into the Acquisition Sequence.
You can also right-click anywhere within the page and choose Import Acquisition
Sequence > Copy From Processing Sequence from the shortcut menu to copy the
Processing Sequence.
Editing an Acquisition Sequence
After you create or import an Acquisition Sequence, you can edit it by using the Acquisition
view – Setup Sequence page. You can change the Acquisition Sequence in the following ways:
• By editing it directly
• By modifying its arrangement
• By changing the user labels that appear in the Sequence Header
Editing the Acquisition Sequence Directly
You can edit the Acquisition Sequence by manually changing the entry in any of the cells in
the Sequence table. To change the sample type or the calibration or QC level, select a new
option from the list box in the Sequence table. For example, to change the sample type for a
particular sample, click in the cell in the Sample Type column, click on the arrow, and then
select the new sample type from the list. To change any other entry, simply type in the
appropriate text box. For example, to change the file name for a particular sample, click in the
cell in the File Name column, delete the old name, and type the new name.
In addition, instead of typing the injection volume for a sample, you can specify that LCquan
is to use the injection volume from the Instrument Method for the autosampler. To do this,
select a sample row (or rows) and then right-click anywhere in the Sequence table to display
the shortcut menu. Choose Get Injection Volume From AS. In the rows that you selected,
the cells in the Injection Volume column now display From AS.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
39
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
You can change a range of cells by using the Sequence Fill Down dialog box. This dialog box
allows you to fill selected rows of selected columns with duplicate text entries or appropriately
sequenced number entries. Right-click in the sequence to display a shortcut menu. Then,
choose Fill Down to open the Sequence Fill Down dialog box.
You can also use common keyboard shortcuts to edit the sequence: CTRL+C copies the
selected row, CTRL+V pastes a copied row, and DELETE removes the selected row from the
sequence. Finally, the shortcut menu, which is displayed by right-clicking in the Sequence
table, contains commands that allow you to delete rows, to insert rows, or to duplicate rows.
Modifying the Arrangement of the Acquisition Sequence
You can modify the arrangement of the Acquisition Sequence by using shortcut menu
commands to change the sorting order of the samples or to change the columns that are
displayed in the Sequence table. Right-click in the Sequence table to display the shortcut
menu. Refer to the online Help for information on each of the commands.
In addition, you can rearrange the order of the Acquisition Sequence by clicking on and
dragging a row to move it. To do this, click on the row number in the left-most column of the
Sequence table and continue to hold down the mouse button. Then, drag the selected row up
or down in the table. A red horizontal line appears to indicate the new position of the row in
the table. (The row will be pasted into the table row below the red line.) Release the mouse
button to paste the row into the new position. If pasting the row will overwrite an existing
row, a message box appears to warn you. Click on Yes or No as appropriate.
To remove empty rows from the Acquisition Sequence, click on Compress.
Changing the User Labels and Values
You can change the labels and the values for the five user-defined text boxes that appear in the
Sequence Header area of the page. (The information that you enter in these text boxes appears
in the header of the raw file.)
Right-click in the Sequence table and choose User Labels and Values from the shortcut
menu to display the Change Sequence User Labels dialog box. In the User Label text boxes,
type the label for each entry. In the User Values text boxes, either type the text to appear in
each box or select a macro name from the drop down list. When you select a macro name
LCquan displays the actual text that corresponds to the macro name in the Sequence Header.
For example, if you select $Workbook, LCquan displays the name of the current workbook in
the field in the Sequence Header.
Any changes that you make to the user labels or values with the Change Sequence User Labels
dialog box are applied to all rows in the Acquisition Sequence. Any new rows that you create
use the same labels and values.
40
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Assigning Calibration or QC Levels
You can define or modify the calibration levels and QC levels that are specified in the
Acquisition Sequence by using the Acquisition Levels dialog box. To open this dialog box,
right-click in the Sequence table and choose Standard and QC Levels from the shortcut
menu. See Figure 20.
Figure 19. Acquisition Levels dialog box
The Acquisition Levels dialog box contains the Components table and the Levels tables. You
can enter the names of the components present in your sample in the Component table and
then define calibration or QC levels for each component. If you have already defined
components in the Quantitate view, you can import them into the Processing table by
clicking the Import Processing Components button.
Any calibration or QC levels that you entered into the Acquisition Sequence appear in the
Levels tables. You can define the amount for each calibration level and the amount and %test
(the acceptable difference between the known and measured amount) for each QC level. You
can also create and define new levels. If you want to load the set of default levels, click on the
Load Default Levels button.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
41
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
When you select a component in the Component table, the shortcut menu contains the
command Copy Current Component Levels to All Target Compounds to copy the level
settings for the selected component to all other components or Load Default Levels for
Current Component to load default levels for the selected component. To access the shortcut
menu, right-click anywhere in the dialog box.
After you define components and levels in the Acquisition Levels dialog box, this information
can be transferred into the Quantitate view to use when you create your Processing Method
and Processing Sequence.
Printing and Exporting the Acquisition Sequence
You can print the Acquisition Sequence information in several formats: You can print a brief
listing of the samples arranged in order of the autosampler vial position. You can print the
entire sequence with all of the columns. Or, you can print the sequence with only the
columns that are displayed in the Sequence table. To print, choose File > Print Sequence
Info. The Print Selection dialog box opens and allows you to select the format of the printing
output.
In addition, you can export the Acquisition Sequence. To export, choose File > Export
Acquisition Sequence. The Save As dialog box opens and allows you to save the sequence file
(.sld). When you export a file, LCquan places a copy of the file in the Exports folder for the
workbook.
42
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Run Sequence Dialog Box
The Acquisition view – Run Sequence dialog box allows you to select acquisition options and
processing actions for the Acquisition Sequence. It also allows you to run one sample or a
sequence of samples.
After you have created your Acquisition Sequence, click on the Acquire button in the viewbar
to open the Acquisition view – Run Sequence dialog box. See Figure 20.
Figure 20. Acquisition view – Run Sequence dialog box
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
43
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Y To run a series of samples in the current Acquisition Sequence
1. In the Run Rows text box, type the row numbers of the samples that you want to run.
The rows must be consecutive.
2. In the Comment text box, type an optional comment to add to the Acquisition Sequence.
3. Specify the instruments that you want to run your samples:
a. Click on Change Instruments to open the Change Instruments In Use dialog box.
b. Specify the instruments that you want to use and the start instrument for the current
Acquisition Sequence by clicking in the In Use and Start Instrument columns. Yes
appears in the column to indicate that the instrument is selected.
c. Click on OK to save changes and close the dialog box.
4. Specify whether or not to start the acquisition when the instruments are ready:
• If you want LCquan to start the data acquisition when the instruments are ready,
select the Start When Ready check box.
• If you want LCquan to place the Acquisition Sequence in the paused state after all of
the devices are ready, clear the Start When Ready check box. You must manually
start the acquisition by using the control buttons in the Acquisition view – Status
page.
5. Specify the processing actions:
Note LCquan can automatically process the data after it is acquired. However, a
Processing Method must already be defined and the acquisition component names
must match the processing component names.
• If you want LCquan to process the data after it is acquired, select the Process After
Acquisition check box. Then, if you want to have LCquan print Sample Reports and
Summary Reports after the data is processed, select the Generate Selected Reports
check box.
• If you do not want LCquan to process the data after it is acquired, clear the
Process After Acquisition check box.
6. Specify any optional Startup or Shutdown Instrument Methods:
• If you want the Startup Method to be run before the sequence is run, select the
Use Startup Method check box.
• If you want the Shutdown Method to be run after the sequence is run, select the
Use Shutdown Method check box.
• If you do not want these methods run, clear the check boxes.
44
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
7. Specify any optional pre-acquisition or post-acquisition programs:
a. In the Pre-Acquisition text box, specify the pre-acquisition program. You can use the
Browse button to locate the program.
b. In the Post-Acquisition text box, specify the post-acquisition program. You can use
the Browse button to locate the program.
c. Specify whether to run these programs synchronously (in series) or asynchronously
(in parallel) with the data acquisition:
• If you want to run these programs synchronously, select the
Run Synchronously: Pre-Acquisition check box and the Run Synchronously:
Post-Acquisition check box.
• If you want to run these programs asynchronously, clear the
Run Synchronously: Pre-Acquisition check box and the Run Synchronously:
Post-Acquisition check box.
8. Specify the status of the system after data acquisition by selecting one of the
After Sequence Set System option buttons: On, Standby, or Off.
9. Click on OK to save the settings and close the dialog box. LCquan places the selected
samples at the end of the Acquisition Queue and opens the Acquisition view – Status
page.
For more information, see the online Help available within the software.
Note If you acquire data, LCquan requires that you save the workbook.
Acquisition View – Status Page
The Acquisition view – Status page provides a real-time display of the data acquisition. The
following subtopics provide information on this page:
• Overview
• Using the Chromatogram Pane
• Using the Spectrum Pane
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
45
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Overview
The Acquisition view – Status page consists of a set of control buttons, an information pane
that contains the Run Manager Status and the Instrument Status, the Acquisition Queue, and
the Acquisition Sequence History; the Chromatogram pane; and the Spectrum pane. See
Figure 21.
Figure 21. Acquisition view – Status page
46
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
The control buttons allow you to modify the acquisition or real-time display. They are
described in Table 3.
Table 3. Control buttons in the Acquisition view – Status page and their functions
Control Button
Function
Start/Resume
Starts an acquisition or restarts an acquisition that has been
paused.
Pause
Pauses the acquisition after the current sample has been
completely acquired.
When clicked on again, it restarts the acquisition.
Stop
Allows you to stop the acquisition of a sample or sequence
that belongs to the current workbook. You can choose to stop
the acquisition of the current sample and pause, to stop the
acquisition of the current sequence and pause, or to stop
the acquisition of all sequences.
Screen Pause
Pauses the chromatogram and spectrum display. The
acquisition continues.
When clicked on again, it restarts the display.
Display Spectrum
Pane
Displays the Spectrum pane below the Chromatogram pane.
When clicked on again, it hides the Spectrum pane.
The Run Manager Status provides a summary of the acquisition progress. It lists the
sequence and sample information and the readback status of each configured instrument.
The Instrument Status provides the complete readback status of each configured instrument.
The Acquisition Queue displays all of the sequences that have been submitted for acquisition,
including those for other workbooks. The sequences and their individual sequence rows are
organized in a tree view control. Each row of the tree view control contains a check box to
indicate when it is selected or not selected. While a sample is being acquired, its icon has a
green background. After the sample has been acquired, the background changes to blue and
a circle with an X through it appears in the check box.
You can remove a sequence or sequence row that has not been acquired from the
Acquisition Queue by first selecting it and then pressing DELETE. (However, you cannot
delete a sequence that another workbook or application submitted.) You can view specific
information about an individual sample by right-clicking on the row in the queue and
selecting Properties from the shortcut menu. To display the Acquisition Queue, click on the
Acquisition Queue tab.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
47
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
The Acquisition Sequence History lists every Acquisition Sequence that was submitted to the
acquisition queue in the life of the workbook. It provides information on each sequence,
including the operator, the start and end times, comments, and the status of the sequence, as
well as the calibration and QC level data. While LCquan is acquiring data, the history is
dynamically updated with samples that have been fully acquired. To display the history, click
on the Acquisition History tab.
The Chromatogram pane of the Acquisition Status view allows you to monitor
chromatograms for each of the defined components plus up to ten user defined
chromatograms in real time (up to five are visible at one time). It can also display data
from an existing raw file.
The Spectrum pane allows you to monitor the mass spectrum in real time or to view the mass
spectrum of a selected raw file.
Using the Chromatogram Pane
You specify the properties of the chromatograms that LCquan displays by using the Realtime
Display Settings dialog box. To open the Realtime Display Settings dialog box, choose
Options > Realtime Display Settings. See Figure 22. This dialog box consists of two parts:
the Options group box and the User Defined traces group box. The settings in the Options
group box allow you to specify the types and number of chromatograms to display, the time
range information for the chromatograms, and whether or not to display the spectrum trace
in the Spectrum pane. (Many of these options also appear in a shortcut menu that can be
accessed by right-clicking in the Chromatogram pane.) The elements of the User Defined
Traces group box allow you to specify the settings for up to ten chromatograms. For more
detailed information about using the Realtime Display Settings dialog box, refer to the
online Help.
While LCquan is acquiring data, you can also display an existing raw file in the
Chromatogram pane using the current set of filters and settings. LCquan continues to acquire
data while displaying a raw file, but the screen is in pause mode. To display a raw file,
right-click in the Chromatogram pane and choose Display Raw File from the shortcut menu.
The Select Rawfile dialog box appears from which you can choose the appropriate raw file.
You can also display a raw file by dragging it from the WindoW® Explorer and dropping it
into the Chromatogram pane or by dragging an older sample from the Acquisition Sequence
History and dropping it into the Chromatogram pane.
With any chromatogram, you can use the display buttons in the toolbar or the items in the
Zoom menu to zoom in or out along the axes. You can also click and drag with the mouse in
the Chromatogram pane to zoom in. When you zoom in, the trace does not expand if the
data extends out of the pane.
48
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
2
Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
Figure 22. Realtime Display Settings dialog box, showing the settings for five user-defined traces
Using the Spectrum Pane
The Spectrum pane displays the data for the currently selected scan in the currently selected
chromatogram. Select a scan by left-clicking on a chromatogram. A red vertical line appears at
the scan you selected in the Chromatogram pane and the spectrum that corresponds to that
scan appears in the Spectrum pane. See Figure 23.
You can choose to apply a scan filter to the data based on the selected chromatogram.
Right-click in the Spectrum pane and choose Filter Spectrum from the shortcut menu. A
check mark appears next to the command. To remove the filter and show every scan, choose
this command again.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
49
2 Preparing to Perform Quantitative Analysis of Steroids Data
Reviewing the Acquisition View
You can use the display buttons in the toolbar or the commands in the Zoom menu to zoom
in or out along the axes of the spectrum. You can also click and drag with the mouse in the
Spectrum pane to zoom in.
Figure 23. Chromatogram pane and Spectrum pane, showing a selected scan
Processing Data While Continuing to Acquire Data
While you are acquiring data you can enter the Quantitate view to process the data already
acquired. If you have not yet defined a Processing Method or a Processing Sequence, you need
to complete these steps first. Refer to Chapter 4, “Creating a Processing Method.” and
Chapter 5, “Creating a Processing Sequence.”
To enter the Quantitate view, click on the Quantitate
button in the viewbar.
You can choose to use the defined Processing Sequence or you can replace the defined
Processing Sequence with a shortened sequence that is based on the data already acquired.
You can also specify whether the current Processing Sequence is updated with the most recent
list of samples acquired. From either the Acquisition view or the Quantitate view, choose
Options > Acquisition Sequence Info to open the Acquisition Sequence dialog box. Select
the Auto Update the Processing Sequence When Acquiring check box to update the
sequence. If you are in the Quantitate view and currently acquiring data when you select this
option, a message box prompts you to update the current Processing Sequence with the most
recent list of samples acquired. If you do not respond to the message box after 5 s, LCquan
automatically updates the sequence.
50
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3
Exploring Your Data
This chapter describes the features of the Explore view. You can use the Explore view to
display a multi-component chromatogram, and then to experiment with peak detection and
integration parameters to see how they affect the chromatogram.
Contents
• About the Explore View
• Opening a Raw File and Displaying the Chromatogram
• Generating a Peak List
• Identifying Components
• Reviewing the Explore Results
• Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List
• Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
51
3
Exploring Your Data
About the Explore View
About the Explore View
The Explore view allows you to display a multi-component chromatogram, and then to
experiment with peak detection and integration parameters to see how they affect the
chromatogram. In the Explore view, you can also create and export quan components to the
Processing Method to get it started. In Explore it’s expected that you’ll be looking at the
entire chromatogram and find multiple peaks.
The Explore view of LCquan is similar to the Qual view of Processing Setup in Xcalibur.
Some features of the Explore view are:
• You can generate quan components automatically by using the peak list function.
• Explore view displays the Acquisition Sequence History and allows you to select a sample
from it.
• Explore view does not allow you to edit sequences, but you can import several sequences
to review, and select samples from any of the imported sequences.
• Things you do in the Explore view are not part of the audit trail (except for exporting
quan components to the Quantitate view).
Opening a Raw File and Displaying the Chromatogram
You open a raw file that is representative of your data set to determine suitable peak detection
and integration parameters. In this tutorial, you use the steroids04.raw file. In general, you
choose a raw file corresponding to a low-concentration calibration standard.
Y To enter the Explore view and open the steroids04 raw file
1. Click on the Explore button to enter the Explore view. LCquan displays the
Explore – Create Explore Methods page.
2. Open the steroid04 raw file:
a. Choose File > Open Raw File to open the Select Raw File dialog box.
b. Browse to the Rawfiles folder or the Xcalibur\Examples\Data folder.
c. Select steroids04.raw and click Open.
LCquan imports the raw data for the steroids04.raw sample and displays the raw
chromatogram in the Create Explore Methods page of the Explore view. See Figure 24.
Four peaks, which correspond to the four steroids, appear in the chromatogram at retention
times of 0.68, 1.39, 1.98, and 3.15 min.
52
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Opening a Raw File and Displaying the Chromatogram
Figure 24. Explore view – Create Explore Methods page, showing the raw chromatogram for steroids04 (Note that you must
click on a peak in the chromatogram to see a proper mass spectrum.)
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
53
3
Exploring Your Data
Generating a Peak List
Generating a Peak List
LCquan can generate a peak list. A peak list is a table of peak properties such as retention
times and peak areas of the major peaks in the chromatogram. You can use the peak list to
identify and name quan components, and then export the component names and properties
to the Quantitate view. See the topic: “Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List” on
page 61.
Y To create a peak list corresponding to the four major peaks of the steroids example
1. Select Peak List in the right-side pane.
2. Specify the peak list parameters:
• Select Top Peaks: Enabled:
• Select by Area:
• Num to Select: 4
3. Click on Apply.
4. LCquan generates a peak list for the four major peaks in the chromatogram. See
Figure 25.
Note In Explore, only the peak name is editable in the peak list.
You can have LCquan generate names for the peaks by right-clicking on the peak list and then
choosing Create Peak Names > For All Peaks in List from the shortcut menu. LCquan
generates peak names in the form “Peak @ x.xxxx” where x.xxxx is the retention time at the
peak apex. (The component name is the same as the peak name.) See Figure 26.
54
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3
Exploring Your Data
Generating a Peak List
Figure 25. Explore view – Create Explore Methods page, showing the peak list for the steroids example
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
55
3
Exploring Your Data
Generating a Peak List
Figure 26. Peak list with auto-generated names
You can change peak names by selecting the current name and then typing a new name, or by
using the Peak Names List Editor. To open the Peak Names List Editor, right-click on the
peak list and choose Modify Peak Names from the shortcut menu. The Peak Names List
Editor also allows you to import and export peak lists.
Once you name the components, you can export the component names and settings to the
Quantitate view by right-clicking on the peak list and then choosing Create Quan
Components > For All Peaks in List from the shortcut menu. See the topic: “Creating a
Quan Component from the Peak List” on page 61.
Go on to the next topic “Identifying Components”.
56
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3
Exploring Your Data
Identifying Components
Identifying Components
When LCquan acquires data, it creates unique scan filters according to the type of experiment
you specify in the Instrument Method. When you load a raw file, LCquan lists in the Filter
box the scan filters associated with the raw file. In this example, full scan MS/MS data were
acquired on the steroids by using alternating product ion scans.
Y To relate the chromatogram peaks with the steroids
1. Select the scan filter for methyltestosterone (parent ion mass m/z 303),
Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-310.00], and click Apply. LCquan displays the
filtered chromatogram. See Figure 27. Note that methyltestosterone corresponds to the
peak named Peak @ 1.991 in the peak list.
Figure 27. Explore view – Create Explore Methods page, showing a filtered chromatogram for methyltestosterone
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
57
3
Exploring Your Data
Identifying Components
2. Select the scan filter for deoxycorticosterone (parent ion mass m/z 331),
Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-350.00], and click Apply to display the filtered
chromatogram. Note that deoxycorticosterone corresponds to the peak named
Peak @ 1.392 in the peak list.
3. Select the scan filter for hydrocortisone (parent ion mass m/z 363),
Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [150.00-375.00], and click Apply to display the filtered
chromatogram. Note that hydrocortisone corresponds to the peak named Peak @ 0.675
in the peak list.
4. Select the scan filter for progesterone (parent ion mass m/z 315),
Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-320.00], and click Apply to display the filtered
chromatogram. Note that progesterone corresponds to the peak named Peak @ 3.151
in the peak list.
5. Select Smoothing: 7and Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis and click Apply. Notice the
effect on the progesterone peak.
Note The Explore view is where you experiment with the peak detection and peak
integration parameters. Refer to the Help for descriptions of the peak detection and
peak integration parameters.
6. Clear the Filter box, click Apply.
Go on to the next topic: “Reviewing the Explore Results”.
58
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Reviewing the Explore Results
Reviewing the Explore Results
In this section you review the filtered chromatograms and mass spectra of the steroids. The
unfiltered chromatogram is shown in Figure 28.
Y To review the Explore results
1. Click on the Review button. LCquan displays the Review the Explore Results page. See
Figure 28.
2. Select Multi Peak Plot in the right-side pane.
3. Click on the top chromatogram peak (hydrocortisone) in the multipeak plot. LCquan
displays the product ion mass spectrum at the maximum intensity.
4. Record the mass-to-charge ratios of the first several ions of highest intensity in the
hydrocortisone mass spectrum.
Figure 28. Explore view – Review the Explore Results page, showing the unfiltered chromatogram for the steroids
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
59
3
Exploring Your Data
Reviewing the Explore Results
5. Click on the second chromatogram peak (deoxycorticosterone) in the multipeak plot.
LCquan displays the product ion mass spectrum at the maximum intensity.
6. Record the mass-to-charge ratios of the first several ions of highest intensity in the
deoxycorticosterone mass spectrum.
7. Click on the third chromatogram peak (methyltestosterone) in the multipeak plot.
LCquan displays the product ion mass spectrum at the maximum intensity.
8. Record the mass-to-charge ratios of the first several ions of highest intensity in the
methyltestosterone mass spectrum.
9. Click on the fourth chromatogram peak (progesterone) in the multipeak plot. LCquan
displays the product ion mass spectrum at the maximum intensity.
10. Record the mass-to-charge ratios of the first several ions of highest intensity in the
progesterone mass spectrum.
The three most intense product ions for the steroids are listed in Table 4.
Table 4. Mass-to-charge ratios of the three most intense product ions of the steroids
mass spectra
hydrocortisone
deoxycorticosterone
methyltestosterone
progesterone
309.2
253.1
285.1
297.1
267.2
295.2
267.3
279.2
327.1
109.0
227.2
255.0
You now have enough information to create quan components. Go on to the next topic:
“Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List”.
60
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List
Creating a Quan Component from the Peak List
This topic demonstrates how to create a quan component in the Explore view, and then
export it to the Quantitate view. Creating quan components is the first step in creating a
Processing Method.
The components that LCquan creates out of the peak list are based on the Explore Method
that you define in the Create Explore Methods page. In the previous topic, you set up a
method that’s a TIC (no filter). For steroids, this resulted in a chromatogram and peak list
with four peaks. In general, you want to filter first to get one peak in the peak list and then
generate its quan component. You then add quan components to the Processing Method one
at a time.
Y To create the deoxycorticosterone quan component
1. Click on the Method button to display the Create Explore Methods page.
2. Enter or select the following Explore Method settings:
• Detector: MS
• Trace: Mass Range
• Masses: 109.0, 253.1, 295.2
• Smoothing: 7
• Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis
• Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-350.00]
3. Change the bottom-right pane to Peak List.
4. Click on Apply to apply the settings. See Figure 29.
5. Select Peak Name: 1.383 and type in deoxycorticosterone to rename the peak. See
Figure 30.
Figure 29. Initial peak list that was obtained with the Explore Method of step 2
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
61
3
Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Figure 30. Renamed peak list
6. Right-click on the peak list and select Create Quan Components > From Selected
Peaks in List from the shortcut menu to export the deoxycorticosterone quan
component to the Quantitate view – Create Method page.
For additional information on the Review and Explore Results page, go on to the next topic:
“Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page”.
To continue with the steroids example, go on to Chapter 4, “Creating a Processing Method.”
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Earlier in this chapter we described some useful features of the Explore view. For example,
you can create an Explore Method, apply it to the raw data to create a peak list, and then used
the peak list to create components for the Processing Method. The following are additional
features of the Review and Explore Results page that are useful:
• Sample Selector
• Locks
• General Parameters Plot
• Status Plot
• Status Report
• Review Displays
• Exporting the Active Raw File to Qual Browser
62
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Sample Selector
The sample selector allows you to easily select a raw file. See Figure 31. Click on a raw file in
the sample selector to process that raw file against the Explore Method that you created in the
Create Explore Methods page.
Three categories of sequences appear in the sample selector:
• Explore Sequence
• Quantitate Sequence
• Acquisition Sequence History
Explore Sequences are sequences that you imported into Explore by using the Load button.
You can use the Remove or Rename button to delete or rename the selected sequence.
Quantitate Sequences are Processing Sequences that you previously created in the
Quantitate view.
The Acquisition Sequence History is historical information about the sequences that were
used to acquire the data in the current workbook.
Note Raw files use absolute paths. If you move the workbook, LCquan will not find the
samples and will create an empty graph.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
63
3
Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Figure 31. Sample selector
64
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Locks
You use locks to compare data from different raw files simultaneously. For example, to see
how the acquisition progressed from sample to sample. You can compare a plot from one
sample to the plots of other samples by locking one plot and then clicking down the sequence
in the sample selector.
You change the state of the lock by clicking on it. The lock can be in three different states:
• Unlocked (green)
• Locked against raw file change (yellow)
• Absolute lock (red)
When a plot is unlocked, every change of raw file or parameter is reflected in the plot.
Parameters, such as retention time, are sent out from unlocked plots, for example when you
click on a chromatogram.
Plots that are locked against raw file change will respond to changes in parameters, but not
to a change of raw file. Parameters are not sent out from plots that are locked against raw file
change.
Plots that are absolutely locked will not respond to changes in parameters or raw files.
Parameters are not sent out from plots that are absolutely locked.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
65
3
Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
General Parameters Plot
A general parameters plot provides a graphical representation of the retention time, peak
area, peak height, or peak width across the chromatogram. A peak area general parameters
plot for steroids04 is shown in Figure 32.
You can lock the general parameters plot for one sample and click through the other samples
to look for trends or inconsistencies in the data.
Figure 32. General parameter plot (top) and corresponding chromatogram (bottom) for steroids04
66
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Status Plot
A status plot displays status data that is stored by instruments during the acquisition of the
selected raw file. The drop down list lists all the parameters for the selected instrument. You
can use the arrow buttons to move up or down the list.
A status plot of the capillary temperature is shown in Figure 33. Status plots can be used to
investigate an anomaly in a chromatogram or to verify that the Instrument Method did what
you expected it to do.
Figure 33. Status plot of the capillary temperature
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
67
3
Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Status Report
A status report is a list of status information for all parameters at one retention time. See
Figure 34. Use the arrows to move between time points of the chromatogram. Note that status
information is acquired less frequently than the chromatogram, so the status information does
not always change.
Figure 34. Status report
68
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
3 Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Review Displays
You can customize the layout of the Review and Explore Results page. The five standard
layouts are described in Table 5. Use the Current Review Display list to select a layout.
Table 5. Review displays and their layouts
Display
Layout
Multi Peak View
On the left side of the page are two panes, defaulted to
Chromatogram and Spectrum. On the right side of the page is one
pane, defaulted to Multi Peak Plot.
Comparison View
Displays three stacked panes, defaulted to Chromatogram, Spectrum,
and Peak List.
Peak List View
Displays, side by side, two tall panes, defaulted to Chromatogram and
Peak List.
Sample Info View
Displays four panes: one pane in the top row and three small
side-by-side panes in the bottom row, defaulted to Chromatogram,
Sample Info, Instrument Method List, and Status Plot.
Large Chro View
Displays a large single pane, defaulted to Chromatogram.
Note You can change the contents of the panes, but not their sizes, shapes, and positions.
Y To change the name of the layout
Select the name in the Review Display list and then type in the new name.
Y To import a layout
Choose Files > Layout Configuration > Import Layout Configuration to display the
LCquan Layout Config dialog box. Then, browse to the LCquan config file and click on
Open. LCquan places the config file in the Imports folder.
Y To save a layout
Choose Files > Layout Configuration > Export Layout Configuration to display the
LCquan Config File dialog box. Then, enter a name for the config file and click OK. LCquan
places the config file in the Exports folder.
Note If you change the properties of a display and save the workbook, the new properties
will be active when you reopen the workbook.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
69
3
Exploring Your Data
Additional Features of the Review and Explore Results Page
Exporting the Active Raw File to Qual Browser
LCquan provides a direct link to Qual Browser from the Review and Explore Results page.
Qual Browser provides for more sophisticated qualitative review than what is available in
LCquan, which is mainly concerned with quantitative rather than qualitative analysis. With
Qual Browser you can perform library searches, formula searches for spectra, background
subtraction, and other data manipulation.
Y To open Qual Browser
Click on the Qual Browser button in the viewbar. When you open Qual Browser, LCquan
passes the currently selected raw file to it.
70
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4
Creating a Processing Method
This chapter describes how to create a Processing Method by using the Create Method pages
of the Quantitate view. A Processing Method provides instructions to LCquan on how to
perform quantitative analysis on raw data. A Processing Method contains component
identification, detection, integration, and calibration information.
Contents
• Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard
• Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
• Ion Ratio Confirmation of Analytes
• Importing the Components and Levels into the Acquisition Sequence
• Saving the Processing Method
• Importing an Existing Processing Method
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
71
4
Creating a Processing Method
Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard
Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard
In this example, you need to open the Create Method page of the Quantitate view to
construct a Processing Method. When you open this page, the New Method Wizard appears
and leads you through the initial steps of creating a method.
Y To open the Create Method page of the Quantitate view and start the New Method
Wizard
1. From any view, click on the Quantitate
The New Method Wizard appears. See Figure 35.
button in the LCquan viewbar.
2. Click on Next on the Welcome page of the wizard to continue.
3. Select the Create New Method option button, the Initialize with Acquisition
Component Names check box, and click on Next.
Note The Initialize With Acquisition Component Names check box is unavailable if
you have not yet defined component names.
Figure 35. New Method Wizard – Welcome page
72
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4 Creating a Processing Method
Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard
4. Select the Calibrate Using Internal Standards option button to specify that you are
calibrating by using an internal standard. Then, click on Next.
5. Open a raw file from your data set to test the peak detection and integration parameters:
Note In general, open a raw file that corresponds to a low-concentration calibration
standard.
a. Click on Browse.
b. Browse to find the steroids04.raw file in the Rawfiles folder in your new workbook.
See Figure 36.
In this example, the default path is
Xcalibur\QuanRoot\Practice Study\Steroids Workbook\Rawfiles\steroids04.raw.
c. Click on Open.
d. Click on Next.
6. Click on Finish to exit the New Method Wizard.
Figure 36. Select Rawfile dialog box, showing steroids04.raw selected
The Create Method – Identify Components page of the Quantitate view opens. See
Figure 37. You are now ready to begin building the Processing Method.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
73
4
Creating a Processing Method
Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard
Figure 37. Create Method – Identify Components page of the Quantitate view
74
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4 Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
LCquan needs component identification information to associate the target compounds and
internal standard with chromatogram peaks. The following topics describe how to specify the
identification settings for the target compounds and internal standard:
• Identifying the Internal Standard
• Specifying Calibration Curve Parameters for the Target Compounds
• Entering the Component Identification Parameters and Integrating the Peaks
Identifying the Internal Standard
In the last section, you specified to import the component names and calibration levels from
the Acquisition Sequence into the Processing Method. Proceed as follows to identify the
internal standard.
Y To identify methyltestosterone as the internal standard compound and specify
calibration parameters
1. Select methyltestosterone in the Component list.
2. Click on the Calibration tab to display the calibration settings.
3. Select Component Type: ISTD to specify that methyltestosterone is the internal standard.
4. Enter 0.63 in the ISTD Amount box, and ng in the ISTD Units box, to specify that there
is 0.63 ng of internal standard. Click on Apply to apply the settings. (If necessary,
click OK to dismiss the warning.)
Specifying Calibration Curve Parameters for the Target Compounds
Y To specify the calibration curve parameters for the target compounds
1. Specify the calibration curve parameters for hydrocortisone:
a. Select hydrocortisone in the Component list.
b. On the Calibration page, select or enter the following:
• Component Type: Target Compound
• Target Units: ng
• Calibration Curve Type: Linear
• Response: Area
• Origin: Include
• Weighting: Equal
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
75
4
Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings. See Figure 38.
Figure 38. Create Method – Define Calibration Settings page of the Quantitate view, showing the settings for hydrocortisone
2. Specify the calibration curve parameters for deoxycorticosterone:
a. Select deoxycorticosterone in the Component list.
b. On the Calibration page, select or enter the following:
• Component Type: Target Compound
• Target Units: ng
• Calibration Curve Type: Linear
• Response: Area
• Origin: Include
• Weighting: Equal
76
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4 Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
3. Specify the calibration curve parameters for progesterone:
a. Select progesterone in the Component list.
b. On the Calibration page, select or enter the following:
• Component Type: Target Compound
• Target Units: ng
• Calibration Curve Type: Linear
• Response: Area
• Origin: Include
• Weighting: Equal
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
Go on to the next topic: “Entering the Component Identification Parameters and Integrating
the Peaks”.
Entering the Component Identification Parameters and Integrating the Peaks
When LCquan acquires data, it creates unique scan filters according to the type of experiment
you specify in the Instrument Method. When you load a raw file, LCquan lists in the Filter
combo box the scan filters associated with the raw file. In this example, full scan MS/MS data
were acquired on steroids by using alternating product ion scans. To quantitate
hydrocortisone, deoxycorticosterone, and progesterone, you need to filter the chromatogram.
You use the Peak Detection Algorithm list box, which is found in the Peak Identification
group box, to specify the type of peak detection algorithm (ICIS, Genesis, or Avalon) to be
used to analyze the raw data. These algorithms apply smoothing, construct a chromatogram
using the scan or mass filters, assign peak numbers, generate a peak list, and determine the
peak start and peak end points. All algorithms provide component peak detection and
chromatographic peak detection.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
77
4
Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
Y To specify the peak detection algorithm, scan filter, and the masses of the significant
product ions that you determined in the Explore view for each of the steroids
1. Click on the Identification tab to display the Identification page.
2. Enter the settings for methyltestosterone:
a. Select methyltestosterone from the Component list.
b. Enter or select the following settings:
• Detector: MS
• Trace: Mass Range (specifies a mass range, not TIC, chromatogram)
• Masses: 267.3, 285.1 (important masses that you determined in the Explore
view)
• Smoothing: 7 (Seven points are to be used in the moving average for smoothing
the data.)
• Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis
• Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-310.00] (scan filter for m/z 303 parent
mass)
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
LCquan applies the settings to the data in the raw file and automatically displays the
resulting filtered chromatogram in the Chromatogram pane.
3. Specify the expected retention time of methyltestosterone:
a. Inspect the mass chromatogram and note the retention time of methyltestosterone.
(Each component peak is labeled with the appropriate retention time.) In this
example the methyltestosterone peak is labeled RT:1.98.
b. In the Expected text box, type 1.98 to specify that the retention time of
methyltestosterone is 1.98 min.
Tip Two commands in the Chromatogram pane shortcut menu can help you
specify the retention time for a component peak: Set Spectrum To Peak Apex and
Auto Update Expected RT From Spectrum Marker. (Right-click anywhere in the
Chromatogram pane to display the shortcut menu.)
Choose Auto Update Expected RT From Spectrum Marker to turn on the
automatic updating feature for the expected retention time. When this feature is
on, LCquan automatically enters the time indicated by the spectrum marker into
the Expected text box in the Retention Time group box. Choosing this command
again turns off this feature.
Choose Set Spectrum To Peak Apex to automatically place the red spectrum
marker at the peak apex and enter the retention time in the Expected box.
78
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4 Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
c. In the Window text box, type 30.00 to specify that the peak detection time search
window is 30.00 s wide (centered about the retention time).
d. Select the Use As RT Reference check box to use the retention time of
methyltestosterone to adjust for the retention time drift of other components.
e. In the View Width text box, type 0.75 to specify a chromatogram view width of
0.75 min.
f.
Click on Apply to save the component identification information for
methyltestosterone.
4. Integrate the methyltestosterone chromatogram peak:
a. Click on the chromatogram peak in the Chromatogram pane.
b. Click on Apply to integrate the chromatogram peak.
LCquan automatically integrates the peak according to the specified parameters. The
integrated portion of the peak is shaded gray, and blue identification markers are
displayed at the starting and ending points of the peak integration. The blue line that
connects the integration markers indicates the baseline. See Figure 39.
Inspect the integrated peak in the Chromatogram pane and verify that the following
are true:
• The peak has the proper symmetry and the grayed area accurately represents the
contribution of the component to the chromatogram.
• The entire chromatogram peak is displayed in the Chromatogram pane. If necessary,
increase the view width by entering a larger value in the View Width text box.
• The correct scan filter in the Filter text box is matched to the component.
If the peak has not been identified properly, repeat the procedure outlined in this topic
and modify the component identification parameters.
5. Enter the settings for hydrocortisone:
a. Select hydrocortisone from the Component list.
b. Enter or select the following settings:
• Detector: MS
• Trace: Mass Range
• Masses: 267.2, 309.2
• Smoothing: 7
• Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis
• Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [150.00-375.00]
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
79
4
Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
6. Specify the expected retention time of hydrocortisone:
a. Inspect the mass chromatogram and note the retention time of hydrocortisone. In
this example the hydrocortisone peak is labeled RT:0.67.
b. In the Expected text box, type 0.67 to specify that the retention time of
hydrocortisone is 0.67 min.
c. Select the Adjust Using: methyltestosterone check box to use the retention time of
methyltestosterone to adjust for the retention time drift of hydrocortisone.
7. Integrate the hydrocortisone chromatogram peak:
a. Click on the chromatogram peak in the Chromatogram pane
b. Click on Apply to integrate the chromatogram peak. See Figure 39.
Figure 39. Create Method – Identify Components page of the Quantitate view, showing the integrated mass chromatogram
for hydrocortisone
80
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4 Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
8. Enter the settings for deoxycorticosterone:
a. Select deoxycorticosterone from the Component list.
b. Enter or select the following settings:
• Detector: MS
• Trace: Mass Range
• Masses: 109.0, 253.1, 295.2
• Smoothing: 7
• Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis
• Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-350.00]
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
9. Specify the expected retention time of deoxycorticosterone:
a. Inspect the mass chromatogram and note the retention time of deoxycorticosterone.
In this example the deoxycorticosterone peak is labeled RT:1.39.
b. In the Expected text box, type 1.39 to specify that the retention time of
deoxycorticosterone is 1.39 min.
c. Select the Adjust Using: methyltestosterone check box to use the retention time of
methyltestosterone to adjust for the retention time drift of deoxycorticosterone.
10. Integrate the deoxycorticosterone chromatogram peak:
a. Click on the chromatogram peak in the Chromatogram pane
b. Click on Apply to integrate the chromatogram peak.
11. Enter the settings for progesterone:
a. Select progesterone from the Component list.
b. Enter or select the following settings:
• Detector: MS
• Trace: Mass Range
• Masses: 255.0, 279.2, 297.1
• Smoothing: 7
• Peak Detection Algorithm: Genesis
• Filter: + c Full ms2 [email protected] [100.00-320.00]
c. Click on Apply to apply the settings.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
81
4
Creating a Processing Method
Specifying the Component Identification and Integration Parameters
12. Specify the expected retention time of progesterone:
a. Inspect the mass chromatogram and note the retention time of progesterone. In this
example the progesterone peak is labeled RT:3.16.
b. In the Expected text box, type 3.16 to specify that the retention time of progesterone
is 3.16 min.
c. Select the Adjust Using: methyltestosterone check box to use the retention time of
methyltestosterone to adjust for the retention time drift of progesterone.
13. Integrate the progesterone chromatogram peak:
a. Click on the chromatogram peak in the Chromatogram pane.
b. Click on Apply to integrate the chromatogram peak.
Note The ICIS peak detection algorithm has been designed for MS data and has
superior peak detection efficiency at low MS signal levels. The Genesis peak
detection algorithm has been provided for backwards compatibility with
Xcalibur 1.0 studies. The Avalon peak detection algorithm has been designed for
UV data. Avalon also supports negative peaks.
You have finished entering the component identification and integration settings for the
target compounds and the internal standard. Review the integrated peaks again:
• If the peaks have been integrated correctly, go to the next topic: “Ion Ratio Confirmation
of Analytes”.
• If there is excessive noise in a peak, unresolved peaks, or peak tailing, return to the topic
“Entering the Component Identification Parameters and Integrating the Peaks” on
page 77 and change the peak identification and integration parameters.
• If baseline noise is interfering with peak identification or integration, change the settings
in the Advanced Parameters dialog box. See the online Help for further information.
82
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4
Creating a Processing Method
Ion Ratio Confirmation of Analytes
Ion Ratio Confirmation of Analytes
Ion ratio confirmation (IRC) allows you to confirm the presence of an analyte by comparing
the response of the quantitate ion (or ions) with the responses of one to five qualifier ions.
LCquan marks the analyte as Not Found, in the Results List of the Quantitate view, if any of
the qualifier ion/quantitate ion response ratios are outside of the upper or lower bounds that
you specify, or if the quantitate and qualifier ions do not coelute.
You specify the masses, target area ratios, and area ratio windows of the qualifier ions in
the Ion Ratio Confirmation table of the Processing Method. LCquan displays the mass
chromatograms of the qualifier and quantitate ions in the IRC Chromatogram pane. In the
example shown in Figure 40, LCquan will mark hydrocortisone as Not Found if the area of
the m/z 327.2 mass chromatogram peak, divided by the area of the m/z 309.2+267.2 mass
chromatogram peak and multiplied by 100, is less that 50% or greater than 70%. Also, the
peak maximum of the qualifier ion chromatogram must be within 0.1 min of the peak
maximum of the quantitate ion chromatogram.
Figure 40. Ion ratio conformation settings for hydrocortisone, using m/z 327.1 as the qualifier ion
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
83
4
Creating a Processing Method
Importing the Components and Levels into the Acquisition Sequence
Importing the Components and Levels into the Acquisition Sequence
In the topic “Opening the Create Method Page and Using the New Method Wizard” on
page 72, you imported the component names and calibration levels from the Acquisition
Sequence into the Processing Method. You can also do the reverse, that is, import the
component names and calibration levels from the Processing Method into the Acquisition
Sequence. Although it is not necessary to do this for the steroids example, the procedure is
described below.
Y To import the component names and calibration levels into the Acquisition Sequence
1. Click on the Acquisition
Acquisition Sequence.
button and then the Setup button to display the
2. Right-click on the Sequence grid and select Standard and QC Levels from the shortcut
menu to display the Acquisition Levels dialog box.
3. Click on Import Processing Components
and then on OK to
import the component names and calibration levels from the Processing Method. See
Figure 41.
Figure 41. Acquisition Levels dialog box, showing the steroids components and calibration
levels
84
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
4
Creating a Processing Method
Saving the Processing Method
Saving the Processing Method
When you have finished creating the Processing Method, choose File > Save to save the
settings in the workbook.
For information on other ways to define a Processing Method in a new workbook, go to the
next topic: “Importing an Existing Processing Method”. Otherwise, go to Chapter 5,
“Creating a Processing Sequence.”
Importing an Existing Processing Method
When you are doing routine quantitative analysis experiments, you might save time by
importing an existing Processing Method into your current workbook instead of creating a
new method. You can then use the method as is or edit it if necessary.
You can import a Processing Method in the following ways:
• By using the New Study Wizard:
When you create a new workbook, the New Study Wizard gives you the option of
importing Instrument Methods, Acquisition Sequences, and processing parameters to
initialize the new workbook. You can select to import all of this data from an existing
workbook, or you can select to import a Processing Method from an individual legacy file
(.pmd file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
• By using the New Method Wizard in the Quantitate view:
When you use the New Method Wizard in the Quantitate view, you have the option of
importing a previously saved Processing Method. You can import a Processing Method
from an individual legacy file (.pmd file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
• By using the menu command from within the Quantitate view:
From the Create Method page of the Quantitate view, you can choose
File > Import > Processing Method to display the Import Quantitation Method dialog
box. This dialog box allows you to import a Processing Method from an individual legacy
file (.pmd file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
85
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
This chapter describes how to create a Processing Sequence by using the Sequence page of the
Quantitate view. A Processing Sequence provides instructions to LCquan on how to process a
batch of raw data files. It consists of a list of sample data files and includes information on
sample type and calibration or QC levels.
Contents
• Opening the Create Sequence Page and Using the New Processing
Sequence Wizard
• Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
• Reviewing the Processing Sequence
• Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing
Sequence
• Further Information: Editing the Processing Sequence
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
87
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
Opening the Create Sequence Page and Using the New Processing Sequence Wizard
Opening the Create Sequence Page and Using the New Processing
Sequence Wizard
In this example, you use the Create Sequence Page of the Quantitate view to create a new
Processing Sequence. When you click on the Sequence icon, LCquan opens the
New Processing Method Wizard, unless you have previously created a Processing Sequence,
in which case LCquan opens the Create Sequence - Review and Edit page.
Y To create a new Processing Sequence for the steroids example
1. Click on the Quantitate button and then the Sequence icon to open the New Processing
Sequence Wizard. See Figure 42.
2. Click on Next on the Welcome page of the New Processing Sequence Wizard to
continue.
3. Select the Create New Sequence option button and click on Next.
4. Click on Finish to exit the New Processing Method Wizard.
The Create Sequence – Select Files page of the Quantitate view opens. You are now ready to
begin defining the Processing Sequence.
Figure 42. New Processing Sequence Wizard – Welcome page
88
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
5 Creating a Processing Sequence
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
When you use LCquan for quantitative analysis, you normally do not need to create a new
Processing Sequence in the manner described below. Instead, you copy the Acquisition
Sequence from the current workbook to use as the Processing Sequence, or you import an
existing sequence from another workbook or legacy file. These techniques allow you to define
your Processing Sequence quickly and conveniently. For more on these techniques, refer to
“Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing Sequence” on page 95.
The steroids quantitative analysis example outlined in this manual is a special case. You do
not need to create an Acquisition Sequence, because the raw data already exists. For practice,
you created an Acquisition Sequence in the topic “Creating an Acquisition Sequence for the
Steroids Example” on page 30. This Acquisition Sequence associated raw files with calibration
levels or unknowns, and specified that there were four components and five calibration levels.
You use the Create Sequence – Select Files page to build a Processing Sequence by associating
each raw file in the data set with one of the following sample types: standard, QC, blank, or
unknown. You then associate the standards and QCs with the appropriate calibration level or
quality control level.
Y To build a new Processing Sequence for the steroids example
1. Locate the steroids raw data set:
a. In the directory tree in the Available Files pane, browse to find the Rawfiles folder in
your current workbook. In this example, the default path is:
Xcalibur\QuanRoot\Practice Study\Steroids Workbook\Rawfiles.
b. Click on the Rawfiles folder. LCquan displays in the Available Files pane all of the
steroids raw files. See Figure 43.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
89
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
Figure 43. Create Sequence – Select Files page of the Quantitate view, showing the raw data files in the steroids data set
90
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
5 Creating a Processing Sequence
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
2. Associate the calibration data files with the correct calibration levels:
a. Ensure that the Standards page of the Selected Files pane is displayed. If the
Standards page is not displayed, click on the Standards tab to display it.
b. In the Standards page, click on cal01 to select the first calibration level.
c. In the Data Files pane, click on steroids05 to select the file.
d. Click on the Add
button. LCquan adds the selected raw file to the cal01
calibration level in the Selected Files pane.
Tip You can also associate a raw file with a sample type by clicking on the raw file
in the Data Files pane and then dragging it to the appropriate level or page in the
Selected Files pane.
e. Associate the raw files and calibration levels as shown in Table 6. The Create
Sequence – Select Files page should look like the one shown in Figure 45.
Table 6.Calibration levels and associated raw files
Calibration Level
Raw File
cal01
steroids05
cal02
steroids04
steroids15
cal03
steroids03
steroids14
cal04
steroids02
steroids13
cal05
steroids16
Tip If necessary, you can use the sample type and concentration information in
the File Information pane at the bottom of the view to identify the data files.
Tip To display the amount of standard sample associated with a calibration level,
right-click on the calibration level in the Selected Files pane and then choose
Show Level Amounts.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
91
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
Figure 44. Create Sequence – Select Files page of the Quantitate view, showing the raw files associated with the
calibration levels
3. Associate samplea, sampleb, samplec, sampled, and samplee with the unknown sample type:
a. Click on the Unknowns tab in the Selected Files pane.
b. In the Available Files pane, click on samplea to select the file.
c. Hold down SHIFT and click on samplee.
d. Click on Add. LCquan adds the five selected raw files to the Unknowns page of the
Selected Files pane. If necessary, delete the blank line above samplea by selecting it
and then clicking Remove.
92
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
5 Creating a Processing Sequence
Associating Raw Files with Sample Types
The Create Sequence – Select Files page should look like the one shown in Figure 45.
Note The steroids data set does not contain any quality control or blank samples.
When a data set does contain QCs or blanks, you associate the raw data files to the
QC or blank sample type in the same manner as above.
Figure 45. Create Sequence – Select Files page of the Quantitate view, showing the proper association of raw files to the
unknown sample type for the steroids example
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
93
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
Reviewing the Processing Sequence
Reviewing the Processing Sequence
After you associate all of the raw data files with sample types, you need to review the
Processing Sequence to ensure that it is correct.
Y To review the Processing Sequence
1. Click on the Edit
button to open the Create Sequence – Review and Edit
page and to display the new Processing Sequence.
2. Inspect the Processing Sequence and ensure that each raw file in the steroids data set is
properly associated with a calibration level or QC level or is defined as an unknown
sample. See Figure 46.
Note To correct errors in the Processing Sequence, click on the Create button to
return to the Create Sequence – Select Files page. Then, use the Remove and Add
buttons to reassociate the raw files. When you are finished, click on the Edit button
to return to the Create Sequence – Review and Edit page.
Figure 46. Raw files for the steroids example and their calibration levels
When you are satisfied that the Processing Sequence for the steroids example is correct, do one
of the following:
• If you want more information on Processing Sequences before continuing, go to the next
sections: “Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing Sequence” on
page 95 and “Further Information: Editing the Processing Sequence” on page 97.
• If you want to process the steroids raw data files, go to Chapter 6, “Processing the Raw
Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results.”
94
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
5 Creating a Processing Sequence
Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing Sequence
Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing
Sequence
Usually, instead of creating a new Processing Sequence, it is more convenient to use an
existing Processing or Acquisition Sequence as your Processing Sequence. You can do this in
either of two ways as follows:
• Importing an Existing Sequence
• Copying the Acquisition Sequence
Importing an Existing Sequence
You can import an existing sequence into your current workbook in the following ways:
• By using the New Study Wizard:
When you create a new workbook, the New Study Wizard gives you the option of
importing Instrument Methods, Acquisition Sequences, and processing parameters to
initialize the new workbook. You can select to import all of this data from an existing
workbook, or you can select to import an Acquisition Sequence from an individual legacy
file (.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
If you import an Acquisition Sequence from an individual legacy file into a workbook
that does not contain a Processing Sequence, LCquan uses the same sequence for the
Acquisition Sequence and the Processing Sequence in the current workbook.
• By using the New Processing Sequence Wizard in the Quantitate view:
When you use the New Processing Sequence Wizard, you have the option to import a
previously saved sequence. You can import a sequence from an individual legacy file
(.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
• By using menu commands from within the Quantitate view:
From the Create Sequence pages of the Quantitate view, you can choose
File > Import > Processing Sequence > From File to display the Import Sequence File
dialog box. This dialog box allows you to import a sequence from an individual legacy file
(.sld, .ipp, or .csv file) or from an LCquan file (.lqn file).
You can also right-click anywhere within the Create Sequence – Review and Edit page
and choose Import Processing Sequence > From File from the shortcut menu to display
the Import Sequence File dialog box.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
95
5
Creating a Processing Sequence
Further Information: Additional Ways to Define the Processing Sequence
Note The level names in the Processing Sequence must match those defined in the
Processing Method:
• If the calibration or quality control level names in the sequence are different from
those in the Processing Method, LCquan displays the Standard Level Names
Association dialog box or the QC Level Names Association dialog box. You can
use these dialog boxes to associate the level names in the sequence with the level
names in the Processing Method.
• If the imported sequence contains calibration or QC levels but the Processing
Method does not, LCquan displays a warning box to inform you. It then displays
the Sample Type Assignment dialog box. You can select to change the sample
type of these samples to unknown in the Processing Sequence or to discard the
samples that have these levels in the Processing Sequence.
Copying the Acquisition Sequence
If an Acquisition Sequence already exists in the current workbook, you can use it to define the
Processing Sequence in the following ways:
• By using menu commands from within the Quantitate view:
From the Create Sequence pages of the Quantitate view, you can choose
File > Import > Processing Sequence > Copy From Acquisition Sequence to copy the
Acquisition Sequence from the current workbook into the Processing Sequence.
You can also right-click anywhere within the Create Sequence – Review and Edit page
and choose Import Processing Sequence > Copy From Acquisition Sequence from the
shortcut menu to copy the Acquisition Sequence.
• By using the Acquisition Sequence History in the Create Sequence page:
If you have already acquired data in the workbook, the Acquisition Sequence (or
Sequences) that was used is listed in the Acquisition Sequence History list. You can copy
an Acquisition Sequence by selecting a sequence from the list and then dragging and
dropping it into the Processing Sequence. You can hold down the CTRL key to select
multiple sequences.
If needed, you can edit an imported or copied sequence. Refer to the next topic: “Further
Information: Editing the Processing Sequence”.
96
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
5 Creating a Processing Sequence
Further Information: Editing the Processing Sequence
Further Information: Editing the Processing Sequence
You can use the Create Sequence – Review and Edit page to alter the Processing Sequence by
removing or adding raw sample files, changing sample types, and modifying the arrangement
of the sequence as follows:
• Removing raw files from the Processing Sequence:
To select the row in the sequence that you want to delete, click the row number.
Right-click the sequence grid, and choose Delete Selected Samples from the shortcut
menu.
• Adding raw files to the Processing Sequence:
Select the row in the sequence above which you want the new row (sample) to be located.
Right-click the sequence, and then choose Add Sample from the shortcut menu. In the
Select Rawfile dialog box, select the files you want to add, and then click Open. LCquan
obtains the sample information from the selected files and adds the samples to the
sequence.
• Changing the sample type:
Click the Sample Type box to display the arrow, and then select the new sample type from
the list.
• Changing a range of cells:
You can fill selected columns of selected rows with duplicate text entries or appropriately
sequenced number entries. Select the row that you want to copy, right-click the sequence
grid, and then choose Fill Down from the shortcut menu. In the Sequence Fill Down
dialog box, specify the columns to be included and the range of rows.
• Modifying the arrangement of the Processing Sequence:
You can modify the arrangement of the sequence by using shortcut menu commands. For
example, you can change the sorting order of the sequence. Right-click in the sequence to
display the shortcut menu.
Refer to the online Help for additional information about editing the Processing Sequence.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
97
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the
Analytical Results
This chapter describes how to process the raw steroids data by using the Processing Method
and the Processing Sequence that you created in the previous chapters. It also explains how to
review the results for each component in each raw file and how to produce reports.
Contents
• Processing the Raw Files
• Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
• Reviewing All Results
• Creating and Reviewing Reports
• Locking the Workbook
• Saving the Workbook and Exiting LCquan
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
99
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Processing the Raw Files
Processing the Raw Files
LCquan processes the raw files in the Processing Sequence when you open the Survey page,
the Review All Results page, or the Review Reports page of the Quantitate view. LCquan uses
the peak detection and integration parameters in the Processing Method to detect and
integrate peaks for all components. It then uses the calibration parameters in the Processing
Method to build a calibration curve with which it quantitates the QCs and unknowns.
Note You need to define a Processing Method and a Processing Sequence before you can
open the Survey page, the Review All Results page, or the Review Reports page.
Although you can review the results in any order, in this example you first review the
calibration standards.
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
You use the Survey page of the Quantitate view to review and rework the calibration
standards. The process of reviewing and reworking the calibration standards involves the
following steps:
1. Opening the Survey Page
2. Reviewing the calibration standards
3. Excluding a Calibration Standard from the Calibration Curve (optional)
4. Modifying the Peak Detection and Integration Settings (optional)
5. Integrating Peaks Manually (optional)
Opening the Survey Page
After you create the Processing Sequence, you are ready to review the calibration curves.
The Create Sequence – Review and Edit page should be displayed. (See “Reviewing the
Processing Sequence” on page 94.) To process the raw files and open the Survey page, click on
the Survey button in the viewbar. See Figure 47.
The Survey page includes (clockwise from the top) the Result List, the Component List, the
Calibration Curve pane, the ISTD Chromatogram pane, and the Chromatogram pane.
The Result List contains the peak integration results. It has three display tabs: All, Standards,
and QCs. Clicking on the All tab displays the results for all of the standards and QCs. The
Result List also uses a system of color shading to indicate the status of individual samples.
Refer to Table 7.
100
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Figure 47. Survey page of the Quantitate view, showing the results for hydrocortisone
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
101
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Table 7. Sample status and corresponding row color in Result List
Sample Status
Row Color
Peak Not Found
Dark Pink
Sample Excluded
Dark Pink
QC Failed
Orange
Response High
Pale Orange
Response Low
Pale Orange
Calculated Amount Is Negative
Yellow
Calculated Amount is Undefined
Orange
The Component List contains the components that are defined in the current Processing
Method. When you select a component in the Component List, all of the other page elements
are updated to display the results for that component. The Calibration Curve pane displays
a plot of area ratio (or area) versus concentration (or amount) for the selected component.
The ISTD Chromatogram pane displays a plot of relative intensity versus retention time of
the internal standard in the current sample (if available). Finally, the Chromatogram pane
displays a plot of relative intensity versus retention time of the selected component in the
current sample.
Y To review the calibration standards
Note The steroids data set does not contain QC samples.
1. In the Component List on the right side of the page, select the hydrocortisone target
compound. LCquan automatically updates the Result List, the Chromatogram and ISTD
Chromatogram panes, and the Calibration Curve pane.
2. Ensure that the calibration standards are displayed in the Result List. If necessary, click on
the Standards tab at the bottom of the Result List to display the calibration standards.
3. In the Calibration Curve pane, inspect the calibration curve at all concentrations. When
you process your own data, evaluate the calibration curve according to the criteria used in
your laboratory.
4. Inspect the calibration curve at low concentrations:
a. Click and drag the mouse diagonally across the low concentration data points in the
calibration curve. See Figure 48.
b. Release the mouse button. LCquan displays only the selected data points. See
Figure 49.
102
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Figure 48. Calibration curve, showing the selection of the low concentration data points
Figure 49. Calibration curve, showing only the low concentration data points
5. Reset the scaling of the X- and Y-axes of the calibration curve to full scale by clicking on
the Reset Scaling
button.
Tip You can change the calibration curve parameters, including curve type and level
information, by using the Calibration Settings dialog box. To open the Calibration
Settings dialog box, right-click in the Calibration Curve pane to display a shortcut
menu. Then, choose Calibration Settings from the shortcut menu.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
103
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
6. Inspect the Result List:
a. Check the entries in the Result List for peak detection and integration problems.
(Use the scroll bar at the bottom of the list to see all of the entries.)
b. Ensure that the data files correspond to the correct levels and sample types.
7. Select the first data file by clicking on the first row of the Result List.
8. Inspect the target compounds and internal standard peaks:
a. Inspect the component peak in the Chromatogram pane:
i.
Ensure that LCquan found the peak. LCquan shades the peak it finds gray and
marks the starting and ending points of the peak with integration markers.
ii. Ensure that the shaded area accurately represents the contribution of the
component to the chromatogram.
b. Inspect the internal standard peak in the ISTD Chromatogram pane:
i.
Ensure that LCquan found the peak. LCquan shades the peak it finds gray and
marks the starting and ending points of the peak with integration markers.
ii. Ensure that the shaded area accurately represents the contribution of the internal
standard to the chromatogram.
Tip In the Chromatogram pane and in the ISTD Chromatogram pane, you can
use the toolbar buttons to zoom in and out along the X- and Y-axes to show more
detail. See the online Help for a description of each toolbar button.
Alternatively, you can use the arrow keys on the keyboard to zoom. The left
arrow key zooms in along the X-axis by a factor of two (2). The right arrow key
zooms out along the X-axis by a factor of two (after you have zoomed in).
Similarly, the up arrow zooms in along the Y-axis by a factor of two and the down
arrow zooms out.
• If you want to exclude a calibration standard from the calibration curve, go to the next
topic: “Excluding a Calibration Standard from the Calibration Curve”.
• If you want to modify the peak detection and integration settings that you defined in the
Create Method – Identify Components page, go to the topic: “Modifying the Peak
Detection and Integration Settings” on page 109.
• If you want to integrate a peak manually, go to the topic: “Integrating Peaks Manually” on
page 110. You can manually change the integration starting and ending points and the
baseline of the peak.
9. Inspect the remaining files in the Result List:
a. Select the next data file by clicking on the next row in the Result List.
b. Repeat step 8 for each file.
104
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
10. Repeat steps 8 and 9 for the remaining target compounds, deoxycorticosterone and
progesterone.
The calibration curves for hydrocortisone, deoxycorticosterone, and progesterone are
shown in Figure 50.
11. Review and rework the internal standard results as you did for the target compound:
a. In the Component List, select the internal standard, methyltestosterone. LCquan
automatically updates the Result List and the Chromatogram pane. LCquan does not
display a chromatogram in the ISTD Chromatogram pane for this component but
displays the response for each internal standard sample in the Calibration Curve
pane.
b. Check the entries in the Result List for peak detection and integration problems.
c. Inspect the chromatogram in the Chromatogram pane for each file:
i.
Ensure that LCquan found the peak.
ii. Ensure that the shaded area accurately represents the contribution of the
component to the chromatogram.
• If you want to modify the peak detection and integration settings that you
defined in the Create Method - Identify Components page, go to the topic:
“Modifying the Peak Detection and Integration Settings” on page 109.
• If you want to integrate a peak manually, go to the topic: “Integrating Peaks
Manually” on page 110. You can manually change the integration starting and
ending points and the baseline of the peak.
When you are satisfied that LCquan detected and integrated the peaks properly, you are ready
to review all of the results:
• If you want further information about reworking the data, refer to the following topics:
“Excluding a Calibration Standard from the Calibration Curve” on page 107, “Modifying
the Peak Detection and Integration Settings” on page 109, and “Integrating Peaks
Manually” on page 110.
• If you want to review all of the results, go to “Reviewing All Results” on page 112.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
105
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Figure 50. Calibration curves for the steroids example
106
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Excluding a Calibration Standard from the Calibration Curve
LCquan allows you to exclude specific calibration standards from the calibration curve.
Of course, you should follow the procedures of your laboratory for proper treatment of
calibration data.
You can exclude calibration data in the following ways:
• By using the Exclude column of the Result List:
Ensure that the Standards tab or the All tab is selected at the bottom of the Result List.
For each standard that you want to exclude from the calibration curve, click in the
check box in the Exclude column of its row. (To include the standard again, clear
the check box.)
• By using the Exclusion List:
Ensure that the target compound is selected in the Component List. Right-click in the
Calibration Curve pane to display the shortcut menu. Then, choose Exclusion List from
this menu to display the Calibration Exclusion List dialog box. For each standard that
you want to exclude from the calibration curve, click in the Exclude column of its row.
The word Yes appears in the Exclude column. Click on Apply to incorporate the change.
(To include the standard again, click on the word Yes and then click on Apply.)
• By using the Calibration Curve pane:
Left-click on the data point in the Calibration Curve pane that you want to exclude, and
then right-click to display the shortcut menu. Choose Exclude from this menu to exclude
the point. (To include the standard again, left-click on the data point. Then, right-click
and choose Include from the shortcut menu.)
When you exclude a calibration standard in any of the above ways, LCquan highlights in dark
pink its row in the Result List and displays the excluded data point as an empty box in the
Calibration Curve pane. See Figure 51.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
107
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Figure 51. Survey page of the Quantitate view, showing that the last calibration standard in the Result List has been excluded
from the calibration curve
108
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Modifying the Peak Detection and Integration Settings
You can modify the peak detection and integration settings from the Survey view (or the
Review All view).
Y To modify the peak detection and integration settings
1. Select a sample by clicking on the appropriate row in the Result List.
2. Right-click in the Chromatogram pane to display the shortcut menu.
3. From the shortcut menu, choose User Peak Detection Settings to open the
User Identification Settings dialog box.
4. To modify the peak detection settings, click on the Detection tab and change the settings
as necessary.
5. To modify the peak integration settings, click on the Integration tab. Then, change the
settings as necessary to correct problems with noise in the peak, unresolved peaks, or peak
tailing.
6. To modify the advanced peak detection parameters, click on the Advanced tab. Then,
adjust the settings as necessary to improve peak detection and integration if baseline noise
causes interference.
See the online Help for further information about these advanced parameters.
7. Click on Apply to apply the changes to the sample that is currently selected in the Result
List, or click on Apply To All to apply the changes to all of the samples on the current
page of the Result List (for example, to all samples on the Standards page).
8. When you are finished, click on OK to close the dialog box.
If you changed any parameters since you last clicked on the Apply button or the Apply To
All button, clicking on OK will apply the new changes to the sample selected in the
Result List.
When you modify the peak detection and integration parameters, LCquan displays
User Integration in the Integration Type column of the Result List.
To revert back to the original peak detection and integration parameters from the Processing
Method, do the following: In the Integration Type column of the Result List, click in the cell
containing the words User Integration for the sample that you want to change. Then, click on
the down arrow and select Method Settings from the drop-down list.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
109
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Integrating Peaks Manually
You can manually change the baseline and the starting and ending points of a peak in either of
two ways:
• By clicking and dragging the starting and ending points:
To move a starting or ending point of a peak, position the cursor over one of the
integration markers. [The cursor turns into crosshairs (+).] Then, click and drag the
integration marker to the desired location.
• By using the Baseline dialog box:
To precisely position a starting or ending point of a peak, right-click in the
Chromatogram pane to display the shortcut menu. Choose Change Peak Baseline to
open the Baseline dialog box. Enter the new coordinates for the starting and ending
points into the appropriate text boxes and click on OK.
When you integrate a peak manually, LCquan displays Manual Integration in the
Integration Type column of the Result List. See Figure 52.
You can easily undo the manual integration by using the Integration Type column of the
Result List: In the Integration Type column, click in the cell containing the words
Manual Integration for the sample that you want to change. Then, click on the down arrow
and select Method Settings from the drop-down list to return the integration to its prior
settings.
110
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs
Figure 52. Survey page of the Quantitate view, showing a manually integrated peak in the Chromatogram pane
Manual Integration Type
Moved Integration Marker
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
111
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing All Results
Reviewing All Results
You use the Review All Results page of the Quantitate view to review and rework samples of
all types, including unknowns and blanks. The process of reviewing the unknowns and blanks
involves the following steps:
• Opening the Review All Results Page
• Reviewing the Unknowns
If necessary, you can rework the samples by modifying the peak detection and integration
settings and by integrating peaks manually.
For calibration standards and QCs, the Review All Results page functions exactly as the
Survey page does. (Refer to “Reviewing the Calibration Curve and QCs” on page 100.)
Note The steroids data set does not contain blank samples.
Opening the Review All Results Page
To process the raw files and open the Review All Results page, click on the Review All button
in the viewbar. See Figure 53.
The Review All Results page includes (clockwise from the top) the Result List, the
Component List, the Calibration Curve pane, the ISTD Chromatogram pane, and the
Chromatogram pane. These elements function exactly as they do in the Survey page.
The only difference is that the Result List now has five display tabs: All, Standards, QCs,
Blanks, and Unknowns. Clicking on the All tab displays the results for every sample in the
sequence.
112
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing All Results
Figure 53. Review All Results page of the Quantitate view, showing the results for the steroids data
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
113
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing All Results
Reviewing the Unknowns
Y To review and rework the results for the unknowns
1. Click on the Unknowns tab at the bottom of the Result List to display the peak
integration results for the unknown samples.
2. In the Component List, select the internal standard, methyltestosterone.
3. Inspect each file in the Result List and check for peak detection and integration problems.
4. Inspect the chromatogram in the Chromatogram pane for each file.
a. Ensure that LCquan found the peak.
b. Ensure that the shaded area accurately represents the contribution of the component
to the chromatogram.
• If you want to modify the peak detection and integration settings, go to the
topic: “Modifying the Peak Detection and Integration Settings” on page 109.
• If you want to integrate a peak manually, go to the topic: “Integrating Peaks
Manually” on page 110.
5. In the Component List, select a target compound.
6. Repeat steps step 3 and step 4 above for each target compound.
Note For the file samplec, target compound hydrocortisone, its row in the Result List is
shaded pale orange and the Peak Status column displays Response High. This means
that the response for the sample is greater than the response for any of the calibration
standards.
7. When you are satisfied that LCquan has detected and integrated the peaks properly,
inspect the Result List again. The calculated amount of steroids in each unknown sample
is displayed in the Calculated Amount column of the list. See Figure 54.
8. Left-click in the Chromatogram pane to select it. Then, right-click and choose
Show Peak Info from the shortcut menu. The Peak Information dialog box opens and
allows you to review the peak properties for the selected steroids sample. See Figure 55.
With the Peak Information dialog box still open, select the other steroids files in the
Result List and view the peak properties for them. For more information about the peak
properties, refer to the online Help.
114
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Reviewing All Results
Figure 54. Review All Results page of the Quantitate view, showing the results for the hydrocortisone unknowns
Calculated Amount
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
115
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Creating and Reviewing Reports
Figure 55. Peak Information dialog box, showing the progesterone peak properties for the
samplea raw file
Creating and Reviewing Reports
You use the Review Reports page of the Quantitate view to create and review reports
describing the quantitative analysis results for your data.
Y To create and review reports for your steroids data
1. Click the Reports button in the viewbar. The Review Reports page appears. See
Figure 56.
2. To specify Microsoft Excel® reports, do the following:
a. In the Excel Report Selections table, select the Use check box in an empty row.
b. In the Column Arrangement column, select a column arrangement from the list.
Three column arrangements are available by default: Quan Result Grid, Excel Long
Summary, and Excel Short Summary. See Table 8 on page 119 for a description of
each report type.
c. To create additional Excel Reports, repeat steps a and b.
d. To create Sample Style Excel Reports (reports with information on one sample per
page, rather than the default one component per page), select the Sample Style Excel
Reports check box.
116
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Creating and Reviewing Reports
3. To specify reports using the XReport templates, do the following:
a. In the XReport Report Selections table, select the Use check box in an empty row.
b. In the Save Type column, select the file format in which you want to save the report.
c. In the XReport Template column, type the name of an XReport template, or click
the empty cell, and then click
to browse for a template. The standard report
templates contain preselected methods and results summaries. See Table 8 on
page 119.
Alternatively, click
to create a custom report template.
Tip To preview reports with your data, open a template, and then choose
Report > Simulate Report.
For information about XReport, refer to Getting Productive: Designing and
Generating Custom Reports with XReport.
d. To create additional reports with XReport, repeat steps a through c.
Note If your administrator has set up secure reporting, the Create XReport
Templates button is unavailable, and only the templates in the secure template
folder are available. The only output option is Save Only, which saves the file in
pdf format.
4. In the Select Report Options area, select the output option. You can choose Print Only,
Save Only, or Print and Save.
5. Click on
to generate the specified reports.
Note When you save a report using the Save Only or the Print and Save option,
LCquan places a copy of the report in the Exports folder of the workbook.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
117
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Creating and Reviewing Reports
Figure 56. Review Reports page of the Quantitate view, showing the report options
118
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Creating and Reviewing Reports
Table 8. Report options available in Review Reports page (Sheet 1 of 2)
Report Options
XReport
Description
Selections*
Acquisition Sequence Report
(LCquanAcqSequence.xrt)
Displays the sample information that is in the Acquisition
Sequence, for example, sample ID, raw file names, sample types,
and cal levels.
Component Calibration Report
(Avalon, Genesis, or ICIS algorithm)
(LCquanCompCalReport.xrt)
Provides the component identification and calibration parameters,
calibration curves, calibration and QC levels and amounts, and
Result List information (for example, peak areas and calculated
amounts) for all components in all samples.
Ion Ratio Conformation Results Report
(LCquanIonRatioConformationGraphical.xrt)
Provides the chromatogram traces of the conformation ion and
qualifier ions for each component. The report also lists sample
information, peak status, and calculated concentrations for each
sample.
Peak Integration Report
(LCquanPeakIntegration.xrt)
Provides the Results List information (for example, peak areas and
calculated amounts) for all components, the sample information,
and the Instrument Method name and Processing Method name,
if applicable. The report includes plots of the chromatogram peaks
for all components.
Processing Method Report
(Avalon, Genesis, or ICIS algorithm)
(LCquanProcessingMethod.xrt)
Lists all the peak detection and integration parameters in the
Processing Method for each component. The report also lists level
amounts, IRC data, and the mass-to-charge ratios and intensities
of the peaks in the mass spectrum for each component.
Quan Components Peak Results Report
(LCquanQuanPeakResults_ESTD.xrt,
LCquanQuanPeakResults_ISTD.xrt)
Lists the sample information, acquisition conditions, and
quantitative analysis results for a single sample. The report also
displays the integrated chromatograms of each target compound
and the standard, as well as the calibration curves.
Quantify Component Report
(LCquanQuantifyComponentReport.xrt)
Provides a summary by component of the samples for each
component. The report includes sample information and
quantitative analysis results (for example, peak areas, response,
and calculated amount), and it displays the integrated
chromatogram peaks.
Quantify Sample Report
(LCquanQuantifySampleReport.xrt)
Provides a summary by sample of the components for each
sample. The report includes sample information and quantitative
analysis results (for example, peak areas, response, and calculated
amount), and it displays the integrated chromatogram peak.
Quan Results Report
(LCquanQuanResults.xrt)
Provides quantitative results for a single sample.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
119
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Creating and Reviewing Reports
Table 8. Report options available in Review Reports page (Sheet 2 of 2)
Report Options
Description
Excel Report Options
Quan Result Grid
Generates an Excel report using the current Quan Results column
arrangement as specified on the Survey and Review pages of the
Quantitate section. This column arrangement cannot be modified
from the Review Reports page.
Short Excel Summary
Displays the Result List of the Quantitate view in a Microsoft
Excel spreadsheet. Each component is placed on a separate
page/worksheet in the main workbook.
You can review, analyze, and graph the data by using all of the
functions and features of Microsoft Excel.
Long Excel Summary
Displays the Result List of the Quantitate view, Processing
Sequence, and component identification and calibration
information in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Each component is
placed on a separate page/worksheet in the main workbook.
You can review, analyze, and graph the data by using all of the
functions and features of Microsoft Excel.
* If your administrator has set up secure reporting, the Create XReport Templates button is unavailable, and only the templates in the secure template folder
are available. The only output option is Save Only, which saves the file in pdf format.
120
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
6
Processing the Raw Files and Reviewing the Analytical Results
Locking the Workbook
Locking the Workbook
You can create a locked version of a workbook at any time, except when data is being
acquired. A locked workbook is essentially a copy of the workbook (and its associated files)
that cannot be overwritten. You cannot save any changes made to a locked workbook, and
you cannot acquire data in a locked workbook. You can create new reports, but LCquan does
not save the report selections.
Y To lock the current workbook
Choose File > Create Locked Version of Workbook. LCquan creates a copy of the
workbook and its associated files under the current study folder.
The locked workbook is renamed by appending “_locked_nnn” to the original workbook
name, where nnn is the number of the locked workbook. For example, the first time that you
create a locked workbook from the workbook Trial1, LCquan names the locked workbook
Trial1_locked_001. The second time that you lock the workbook Trial1, LCquan names the
locked workbook Trial1_locked_002. You can create up to 999 locked versions of a
workbook. You cannot unlock a locked workbook.
When you open a locked workbook, LCquan displays [Locked] in the title bar next to the
workbook name and in the status bar.
Saving the Workbook and Exiting LCquan
You can save the workbook at any step in the LCquan procedure. This allows you to exit
LCquan and reenter at the same place at a later time. When you reopen a workbook, LCquan
displays the page and view that were open when you exited the workbook.
Y To save the workbook and exit LCquan
1. Choose File > Save to save the current workbook.
If you want to save the workbook with a different study or workbook name, choose
File > Save As. The Save As Wizard appears to guide you through the procedure.
2. Choose File > Exit to exit LCquan.
Note If you acquire data, LCquan will not let you exit the program unless you save
the workbook.
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
121
A
LCquan Flow Diagrams
This appendix contains a set of flow diagrams for LCquan for you to use as a reference. The
flow diagrams show step-by-step progressions through the different views of LCquan.
The following flow diagrams are contained in this appendix:
• LCquan flow diagram
• LCquan for Citrix flow diagram
• Acquisition view flow diagram
• Quantitate view flow diagram
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
123
A
LCquan Flow Diagrams
Figure 57. LCquan flow diagram, showing the steps for creating a new study or workbook and the four main views in
dark gray
LCquan Flow Diagram
Study and
Workbook
Names Page
Create New Study or
Workbook
Create New Study or
Workbook or Open
Existing Workbook
Open Existing
or Last Used
Workbook
LCquan Opens
Last Used View
Click on
Next
Import Raw Files
Page
Click on
Open &
Next
Import from Legacy Files
Import
Click on Next
Instrument Method,
Acquisition Sequence,
Import from
Select Workbook
and
Existing Workbook
Page
Processing Parameters Click on Next
Page
Click on Next
Select Legacy
Files Page
Click on Next
and Finish
and Finish
Do Not
Import
Prior Data
Click on
Next &
Finish
No
Instrument
Method
Imported?
Yes
Basic Instrument
Method Created
for Configured
Instruments
Instrument Method Updated
for Configured Instruments
Startup Method Page
Instrument
Setup View
Instrument Method Page
Shutdown Method Page
Acquisition
View
(See Acquisition
Flow Diagram)
Click on Setup button
Setup Sequence Page
Explore
View
Click on Method button
Create Explore
Method Page
Click on Acquire button
Run Sequence Dialog Box
Click on OK
Status Page
Quantitate
View
(See Quantitate
Flow Diagram)
Click on Method button
Create Method Page
Click on Sequence button
Create Sequence Page
Click on Review button
Survey Page
Review the Explore
Results Page
Click on Survey button
Review All Results Page
Click on Review All button
Review Reports Page
Click on Reports button
124
LCquan User Guide
Thermo Scientific
A
LCquan Flow Diagrams
Figure 58. LCquan for Citrix flow diagram, showing the steps for creating a new study or workbook and the two main views in
dark gray
LCquan for Citrix Flow Diagram
Study and
Workbook
Names Page
Create New Study or
Workbook
Create New Study or
Workbook or Open
Existing Workbook
Open Existing
or Last Used
Workbook
LCquan Opens
Last Used View
Click on
Next
Import Raw Files
Page
Click on
Open &
Next
Import from Legacy Files
Import
Click on Next
Instrument Method,
Acquisition Sequence,
Import from
and
Existing Workbook
Select Workbook
Processing Parameters
Click on Next
Page
Page
Do Not
Import
Prior Data
Click on
Next &
Finish
Select Legacy
Files Page
Select Instrument Method (optional),
Acquisition/Processing Sequence,
and Processing Method
Click on Next
and Finish
Click on Next
and Finish
Quantitate
View
Explore
View
(See Quantitate
Flow Diagram)
Click on Method button
Click on Method button
Create Method Page
Create Explore
Method Page
Click on Sequence button
Click on Review button
Create Sequence Page
Survey Page
Click on Survey button
Review the Explore
Results Page
Review All Results Page
Click on Review All button
Review Reports Page
Click on Reports button
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
125
A
LCquan Flow Diagrams
Figure 59. Acquisition view flow diagram
LCquan Acquisition Flow Diagram
Import Sequence
File Dialog Box
Click on
Next, then
click on
Finish
Base acquisition on a
previously saved file
in New Acquisition
Wizard
Create New
Acquisition Sequence
Create new method
Generate Sample
Names Page
in New Acquisition
Wizard
Click on
Next
Sample Information
Page
Click on
Next
Vial Positions Page
Click on
Next
Add Standards Page
Click on
Next
Add QCs Page
Click on
Next
Component Name
Page
Define Levels
Click on
Next, then
click on
Finish
Acquisition View Setup Sequence
Page
Click on
Next
User Label Page
Click on
Acquire button
in viewbar
Acquisition View Run Sequence
Dialog Box
Click on OK
Acquisition View Status Page
126
LCquan User Guide
Automatically enter
Processing View if Process
After Acquisition was selected
in Run Sequence dialog box
Quantitate
View
Thermo Scientific
A
LCquan Flow Diagrams
Figure 60. Quantitate view flow diagram
LCquan Quantitate Flow Diagram
Import Quantitation
Method
Dialog Box
Click on
Next
Select Import Existing
Method option
in New Method
Wizard, then
click on Next
Create or Import
Method
Select Create New
Method option
Calibration
Options Page
in New Method
Wizard, then
click on Next
Click on
Next
Select Raw File
Dialog Box
Click on Next, then click on Finish
Create Method Identify
Components Page
Click on Calibrate tab
Create Method Define Calibration
Settings Page
Click on Sequence
button in viewbar
Import Sequence
Dialog Box
Click on
Next, then
click on
Finish
Select Import Existing
Sequence option
in New Processing
Sequence Wizard,
then click on Next
Create or Import
Sequence
Select Import
From Acquisition
Sequence option
Select Create New
Sequence option
in New Processing
Sequence Wizard,
then click on Next
Create Sequence Select Files Page
Click on
Next
in New Processing
Sequence Wizard,
then click on Next
Create Sequence Review and Edit Page
Survey
Standards
and QCs
Click on
Survey button
in viewbar
Survey Page
Thermo Scientific
Review
All Results
Click on
Review All button
in viewbar
Review All
Results Page
Review Reports
Click on
Reports button
in viewbar
Review
Reports Page
LCquan User Guide
127
I
Index
A
acquiring data
overview 17
procedure 44
saving workbook after (note) 45
Acquisition Levels dialog box
illustrated 36, 37, 41
using 41
Acquisition Queue 47
Acquisition Sequence
copying Processing Sequence to 38
copying to Processing Sequence 96
creating 30
definition 28
editing 39
exporting 42
illustrated 35
importing 38
printing 42
Acquisition Sequence History 48, 63
Acquisition view
opening 30
overview 27
Acquisition view – Setup Sequence page
See Setup Sequence page.
Acquisition view – Status page
See Status page.
analyte detection using mass spectrometry 4
associating raw sample files with sample types 89
audit trail, Explore view 52
Avalon peak detection 77
B
blanks 10
C
calibration curve
curve types 15
described 5
Thermo Scientific
excluding standards 107
inspecting at low concentrations 102
steroids (figure) 106
using external standard 7
using internal standard (illustrated) 9
weighting 15
Calibration Curve pane 102
calibration curve, selecting points 103
calibration curve, showing only low concentration points 103
calibration levels
assigning 36, 41
associated steroids raw files and (table) 91
matching names (note) 32, 32, 38
calibration levels and amounts for steroids 34
calibration standards 9
Chromatogram pane
overview
Acquisition Status view 48
in Survey page 102
using
Review All Results page 114
Status page 48
Chromatogram pane and Spectrum pane
Acquisition view 50
Citrix, LCquan for 19
colors in Result List 102
comparing plots 65
Component List 102
components
creating from peak list 61
exporting names from peak list 56
naming in Processing Method 75
configuring instruments 26
control buttons and functions, Acquisition view 47
copying
Acquisition Sequence to Processing Sequence 96
Processing Sequence to Acquisition Sequence 38
Create Method – Define Calibration Settings page
illustrated 76
Create Method – Identify Components page 80
LCquan User Guide
129
Index: D
Create Sequence – Review and Edit page
using 97
Create Sequence – Select Files page
illustrated 93
opening 88
using 89
D
deoxycorticosterone
calibration curve (figure) 106
creating quan component 61
naming 76, 77
peak list (illustrated) 61
detection limit 6
documentation vii
E
editing
Acquisition Sequence 39
peak detection and integration settings 109
Processing Sequence 97
Excel reports 116
Explore Sequence 63
Explore view
additional information 62
audit trail 52
general parameter plots 66
introduction 52
locks 65
review displays 69
sample selector 63
status plots 67
status reports 68
steroids example 52
exporting, Acquisition Sequence 42
external standards defined 7
F
file and folder structure 16
File Information pane (note) 91
flow diagrams
acquiring data 126
creating study or workbook 124
creating study or workbook (Citrix) 125
processing data 127
G
general parameters plots, Explore view 66
Genesis peak detection 77
130
LCquan User Guide
H
hydrocortisone calibration curve (figure) 106
I
ICIS peak detection 77
Identify Components page 74
importing
Acquisition Sequence 38
Instrument Methods 27
Processing Method 85
Processing Sequence 95
raw files 24
injection volume, autosampler 39
Instrument Methods
creating 26
defined 25
importing 27
Instrument Setup view
illustrated 25
opening 24
overview 25
Instrument Status 47
integrating peaks manually 110
integration markers 79
internal standards (ISTDs)
defined 8
using for quantitation 8
ion ratio confirmation (IRC)
description 83
hydrocortisone example 83
ion ratio confirmation (IRC) chromatogram 83
ISTD Chromatogram pane 102
L
liquid chromatography (LC)
using for analyte separation 3
variables for 3
locking plots for comparison 65
locking the workbook 121
locks against raw file change 65
lower quantitation limit 6
M
manual peak integration 111
manuals vii
mass spectrometry, analyte detection using 4
methyltestosterone (internal standard)
calibration parameters 75
naming 75
Thermo Scientific
Index: N
peak detection and integration parameters 78
modifiers, volatile 4
N
New Acquisition Wizard 30
New Method Wizard 72
New Processing Sequence Wizard 88
New Study or Workbook Wizard 23
O
overview of LCquan 10–18
P
peak detection type
Avalon 82
Genesis 82
ICIS 82
Peak Information dialog box, illustrated 116
peak lists
auto-generated names 56
creating quan components 61
deoxycorticosterone (illustrated) 61
exporting component names 56
generating 54
illustrated 55
renaming peaks 61
peaks
integrated (illustrated) 6
integrating manually 110
modifying integration parameters 109
properties, viewing 114
undoing manual integration of 110
printing, Acquisition Sequence 42
probes, API, selecting 4
processing
overview 17
raw sample files 99–110
while acquiring data 50
Processing Method
creating 71
defined 71
importing 85
saving 85
Processing Sequence
copying Acquisition Sequence to 96
copying to Acquisition Sequence 38
correcting errors in (note) 94
creating 87
defined 87
editing 97
Thermo Scientific
importing 95
reviewing 94
progesterone calibration curve (figure) 106
Q
QC Level Names Association dialog box 96
QC levels
assigning 36, 41
matching names (note) 32, 32, 38
Qual Browser, starting from Explore view 70
quality control (QC) samples 10
quan components, creating from peak list 56, 61
Quantitate Sequence 63
quantitation limits 6
quantitation range 6
quantitative analysis
described 2–10
LCquan overview 17
sources of error 8
steps of 2
techniques 5
using external standards 7
using internal standards 8
R
raw sample files
associating with sample types 89
displaying in Chromatogram pane 48
importing into new workbook 24
locked and unlocked 65
processing 99–110
Realtime Display Settings dialog box 49
reports
creating 116–118
Microsoft Excel 116
options 119
XReport templates 116
response factor 5
Response High (note) 114
Result List
colors in (table) 102
description 100
Review All Results page
illustrated 113
opening 112
using 112
Review and Explore Results page 59
review displays, Explore view 69
review mode 22
Review Reports page 116
illustrated 118
LCquan User Guide
131
Index: S
opening 116
reviewing all results 112
reviewing calibration standards and QCs 102
Run Manager Status 47
Run Sequence dialog box
illustrated 43
opening 43
S
sample selector, Explore view 63, 64
sample types
blanks 10
quality controls (QCs) 10
standards 9
unknowns 9
saving workbook 121
scan filters, matching with components 77
Select Rawfile dialog box 73
semi-quantitative analysis, definition 2
sequence
See Acquisition Sequence, Processing Sequence.
Setup Sequence page
illustrated 29, 33
overview 28
Shutdown Methods
creating 26
defined 25
Spectrum pane
overview 48
Status page 49
Standard Level Names Association dialog box 96
standards
described 5
external standards 7
internal standards 8
sample types 9
starting LCquan 22
Startup dialog box 22
Startup Methods
creating 26
defined 25
Status page
illustrated 46
opening 45
overview 45
status plots, Explore view 67
status reports, Explore view 68
steroids example
01) creating the study and workbook 22
02) importing raw files 24
03) creating the Acquisition Sequence 30
132
LCquan User Guide
04) editing the Aquisition Sequence 34
05) exploring the data 52
06) creating the Processing Method 71
07) create the Processing Sequence 88
08) processing the raw files 100
09) reviewing the calibration standards 102
10) reviewing the unknowns 114
Acquisition Sequence, edited 35
Acquisition Sequence, initial 29
calibration levels (table) 34
calibration levels and associated raw files (table) 91
calibration levels, assigning 36, 37, 41
file names (table) 34
introduction 18
most intense ions 60
peak detection and integration parameters 77
peak list 54
sample types (table) 34
study
creating 22
description 16
Survey page
illustrated 101, 108
manual integration 111
opening 100
using 100
T
templates, Explore view 69
templates, importing or exporting, Explore view 69
toolbar buttons for zooming (note) 104
U
unknowns 9
upper quantitation limit 6
user guides vii
user labels, changing 40
V
validation, Citrix 19
variables
quantitation with internal standards 8
separation by LC 3
W
workbook
creating 22, 30
description 16
locking 121
saving 121
Thermo Scientific
Index: X
X
XReport 116
Z
zooming
in Chromatogram pane 48
in Spectrum pane 50
toolbar buttons (note) 104
Thermo Scientific
LCquan User Guide
133
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement