X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual

X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Teledyne Dalsa  7075 Place Robert-Joncas, Suite 142  St-Laurent, Quebec, H4M 2Z2  Canada
www.teledynedalsa.com
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
User's Manual
Edition 2.10
Part number OC-X4CM-PUSR0
*OC-X4CM-PUSR0*
™
NOTICE
© 2012 Teledyne DALSA Corp. All rights reserved.
This document may not be reproduced nor transmitted in any form or by any means, either electronic or
mechanical, without the express written permission of Teledyne DALSA . Every effort is made to ensure
the information in this manual is accurate and reliable. Use of the products described herein is understood
to be at the user’s risk. Teledyne DALSA assumes no liability whatsoever for the use of the products
detailed in this document and reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time and without
notice.
Microsoft® is a registered trademark; Windows®, Windows® XP, Windows® Vista, Windows® 7 are
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
All other trademarks or intellectual property mentioned herein belong to their respective owners.
Edition 2.10 released on: May 31, 2012
Document Number: OC-X4CM-PUSR0
Printed in Canada
About Teledyne DALSA
Teledyne DALSA is an international high performance semiconductor and electronics company that
designs, develops, manufactures, and markets digital imaging products and solutions, in addition to
providing wafer foundry services.
Teledyne DALSA Digital Imaging offers the widest range of machine vision components in the world.
From industry-leading image sensors through powerful and sophisticated cameras, frame grabbers, vision
processors and software to easy-to-use vision appliances and custom vision modules.
Contents
OVERVIEW______________________________________________________________ 7
PRODUCT PART NUMBERS ................................................................................................... 7
ABOUT THE X64 XCELERA-CL PX4 FRAME GRABBER ....................................................... 9
Series Key Features..................................................................................................... 9
User Programmable Configurations ........................................................................... 9
ACUPlus: Acquisition Control Unit .......................................................................... 10
DTE: Intelligent Data Transfer Engine..................................................................... 10
Advanced Controls Overview .................................................................................... 11
ABOUT THE OPTIONAL X-I/O MODULE ............................................................................. 11
DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE OVERVIEW ............................................................................. 12
Sapera++ LT Library................................................................................................ 12
Sapera Processing Library........................................................................................ 12
INSTALLING X64 XCELERA-CL PX4______________________________________ 13
WARNING! (GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS) ......................................................................... 13
INSTALLATION................................................................................................................... 13
Sapera LT Library Installation.................................................................................. 14
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Driver Installation .................................................................. 14
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Firmware Loader.................................................................... 15
Firmware Update: Automatic Mode................................................................... 15
Firmware Update: Manual Mode ....................................................................... 15
Executing the Firmware Loader from the Start Menu........................................ 16
REQUIREMENTS FOR A SILENT INSTALL ............................................................................ 17
Silent Mode Installation ............................................................................................ 17
Creating a Response File.................................................................................... 17
Running a Silent Mode Installation.................................................................... 18
Silent Mode Uninstall ................................................................................................ 18
Creating a Response File.................................................................................... 18
Running a Silent Mode Uninstall ....................................................................... 18
Silent Mode Installation Return Code ....................................................................... 19
Installation Setup with CorAppLauncher.exe............................................................ 19
Custom Driver Installation using install.ini ..............................................................19
Creating the install.ini File ................................................................................. 20
Run the Installation using install.ini................................................................... 20
UPGRADING SAPERA OR ANY BOARD DRIVER ................................................................... 21
Board Driver Upgrade Only...................................................................................... 21
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Contents  i
Sapera and Board Driver Upgrades ......................................................................... 21
USING THE CAMERA LINK SERIAL CONTROL PORT ........................................................... 22
COM Port Assignment............................................................................................... 22
Setup Example with Windows XP HyperTerminal .................................................... 23
DISPLAYING X64 XCELERA-CL PX4 BOARD INFORMATION ............................................. 24
Device Manager – Board Viewer .............................................................................. 24
CONFIGURING SAPERA ...................................................................................................... 25
Viewing Installed Sapera Servers.............................................................................. 25
Increasing Contiguous Memory for Sapera Resources ............................................. 25
Contiguous Memory for Sapera Messaging .............................................................. 26
TROUBLESHOOTING PROBLEMS ________________________________________ 27
OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................................ 27
PROBLEM TYPE SUMMARY................................................................................................ 27
First Step: Check the Status LED.............................................................................. 27
Possible Installation Problems.................................................................................. 28
Possible Functional Problems................................................................................... 28
TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURES..................................................................................... 29
Checking for PCI Bus Conflicts ................................................................................ 29
Windows Device Manager......................................................................................... 30
GEN2 PCI Slot Computer Issue ................................................................................ 31
BSOD (blue screen) Following a Board Reset .......................................................... 31
Sapera and Hardware Windows Drivers................................................................... 31
Recovering from a Firmware Update Error.............................................................. 31
Driver Information via the Device Manager Program.............................................. 32
Information Window.......................................................................................... 33
Teledyne DALSA Log Viewer .................................................................................... 33
On-board Image Memory Requirements for Acquisitions......................................... 34
Symptoms: CamExpert Detects no Boards................................................................ 34
Troubleshooting Procedure ................................................................................ 34
Symptoms: X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Does Not Grab ..................................................... 35
Symptoms: Card grabs black .................................................................................... 35
Symptoms: Card acquisition bandwidth is less than expected .................................. 36
CAMEXPERT QUICK START _____________________________________________ 37
INTERFACING CAMERAS WITH CAMEXPERT...................................................................... 37
CamExpert Example with a Monochrome Camera ................................................... 37
CAMEXPERT DEMONSTRATION AND TEST TOOLS ............................................................. 39
CAMERA TYPES & FILES APPLICABLE TO THE X64 XCELERA-CL PX4............................. 39
Overview of Sapera Acquisition Parameter Files (*.ccf or *.cca/*.cvi) ................... 39
Camera Interfacing Check List ................................................................................. 40
USING THE FLAT FIELD CORRECTION TOOL ...................................................................... 41
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Flat Field Support .................................................................. 41
Set up Dark and Bright Acquisitions with the Histogram Tool ................................. 41
Verify a Dark Acquisition .................................................................................. 41
Verify a Bright Acquisition................................................................................ 42
ii  Contents
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure ........................................................... 43
Using Flat Field Correction ...................................................................................... 45
USING THE BAYER FILTER TOOL ....................................................................................... 45
Bayer Filter White Balance Calibration Procedure.................................................. 45
Using the Bayer Filter ............................................................................................... 46
SAPERA DEMO APPLICATIONS__________________________________________ 47
GRAB DEMO OVERVIEW.................................................................................................... 47
Using the Grab Demo................................................................................................ 47
FLAT-FIELD DEMO OVERVIEW .......................................................................................... 49
Using the Flat Field Demo ........................................................................................ 49
X64 XCELERA-CL PX4 REFERENCE ______________________________________ 51
FULL BLOCK DIAGRAM ..................................................................................................... 51
ACQUISITION TIMING ........................................................................................................ 52
LINE TRIGGER SOURCE SELECTION FOR LINESCAN APPLICATIONS ................................... 53
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE ................................................. 53
SHAFT ENCODER INTERFACE TIMING ................................................................................ 54
VIRTUAL FRAME TRIGGER FOR LINES SCAN CAMERAS ..................................................... 56
Synchronization Signals for a Virtual Frame of 10 Lines. ................................. 57
ACQUISITION METHODS .................................................................................................... 58
TRIGGER TO IMAGE RELIABILITY ...................................................................................... 58
Supported Events and Transfer Methods................................................................... 59
Trigger Signal Validity....................................................................................... 61
Supported Transfer Cycling Methods ................................................................ 61
OUTPUT LUT AVAILABILITY ............................................................................................ 62
SUPPORTING NON-STANDARD CAMERALINK CAMERAS ................................................... 63
Firmware: Full with Bayer Decoder Method 6 ......................................................... 63
X64 XCELERA-CL PX4 SUPPORTED PARAMETERS ........................................................... 63
Camera Related Capabilities..................................................................................... 64
Camera Related Parameters ..................................................................................... 64
VIC Related Parameters............................................................................................ 69
ACQ Related Parameters .......................................................................................... 74
WINDOWS EMBEDDED 7 INSTALLATION ............................................................................ 75
SAPERA SERVERS & RESOURCES _______________________________________ 77
SERVERS AND RESOURCES ................................................................................................ 77
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS __________________________________________ 79
X64 XCELERA-CL PX4 BOARD SPECIFICATIONS .............................................................. 79
HOST SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................................... 81
EMI CERTIFICATIONS........................................................................................................ 82
CONNECTOR AND SWITCH LOCATIONS .............................................................................. 83
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board Layout Drawing ........................................................... 83
Connector, Switch, Jumper Description List............................................................. 83
CONNECTOR AND SWITCH SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................... 84
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Contents  iii
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 End Bracket Detail ................................................................. 84
Configuration Micro-switches................................................................................... 85
SW1: General Inputs Signal Switch Point ......................................................... 85
SW2: Trigger Inputs Signal Switch Point .......................................................... 85
SW3: Normal/Safe Boot Mode & GEN2 Slot Workaround............................... 86
SW3-1 Boot Mode Details ................................................................................. 86
SW3-2 GEN2 Slot Workaround Details ............................................................ 86
Status LEDs Functional Description......................................................................... 87
J2: Camera Link Connector 1 ................................................................................... 89
J3: Camera Link Connector 2 ................................................................................... 90
Camera Link Camera Control Signal Overview ....................................................... 91
J4: External Signals Connector................................................................................. 93
Note 1: General Inputs Specifications................................................................ 94
Note 2: General Outputs Specifications ............................................................. 94
Note 3: External Trigger Input Specifications.................................................... 95
Note 4: Shaft Encoder Input Specifications ....................................................... 97
Note 5: Strobe Output Specifications................................................................. 98
Note 6: DC Power Details.................................................................................. 98
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1)........................................... 99
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1) Drawing .................... 99
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1) Pinout...................... 100
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2)......................................... 101
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2) Drawing .................. 102
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2) Pinout...................... 103
J9: Board Sync ........................................................................................................ 104
CAMERA LINK INTERFACE_____________________________________________ 105
CAMERA LINK OVERVIEW............................................................................................... 105
Rights and Trademarks ........................................................................................... 105
DATA PORT SUMMARY ................................................................................................... 106
CAMERA SIGNAL SUMMARY ........................................................................................... 106
Video Data ....................................................................................................... 106
Camera Controls............................................................................................... 106
Communication ................................................................................................ 107
CAMERA LINK CABLES ................................................................................................... 107
APPENDIX: X-I/O MODULE OPTION _____________________________________ 109
X-I/O MODULE OVERVIEW ............................................................................................. 109
X-I/O Module Connector List & Locations ............................................................. 110
X-I/O MODULE INSTALLATION ....................................................................................... 110
Board Installation ................................................................................................... 111
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 and X-I/O Driver Update...................................................... 111
X-I/O MODULE EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS TO THE DB37 ............................................... 111
DB37 Pinout Description ........................................................................................ 112
Outputs in NPN Mode: Electrical Details............................................................... 113
Outputs in PNP Mode: Electrical Details ............................................................... 114
iv  Contents
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details ................................................................... 115
TTL Input Electrical Details.................................................................................... 115
X-I/O MODULE SAPERA INTERFACE ............................................................................... 116
Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States...................................................... 116
Using Sapera LT General I/O Demo....................................................................... 117
Sapera LT General I/O Demo Code Samples.......................................................... 119
Main I/O Demo code........................................................................................ 119
Function CreateObjects() ................................................................................. 120
Output Dialog: CGioOutputDlg class (see Sapera Gui class) .......................... 121
Input Dialog: CGioInputDlg class. (see Sapera Gui class)............................... 121
I/O Event Handling .......................................................................................... 122
TELEDYNE DALSA CONTACT INFORMATION ___________________________ 123
SALES INFORMATION....................................................................................................... 123
TECHNICAL SUPPORT ...................................................................................................... 124
GLOSSARY OF TERMS _________________________________________________ 125
INDEX ________________________________________________________________ 129
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Contents  v
vi  Contents
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Overview
Product Part Numbers
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board
Item
Product Number
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Full with 128 MB of memory
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dual with 128 MB of memory
OR-X4C0-XPF00
OR-X4C0-XPD00
X-I/O Module (optional): provides an additional 8 input & 8 output general I/Os
(see "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 109)
OC-IO01-STD00
For OEM clients, this manual in printed form, is available on request
OC-X4CM-USER0
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Software
Item
Product Number
Sapera LT version 6.00 or later (6.02 for Windows Vista or Windows 7)
— required but sold separately
OC-SL00-0000000
1. Sapera LT: Provides everything you will need to build your imaging
application
2. Current Sapera compliant board hardware drivers
3. Board and Sapera documentation (compiled HTML help, and Adobe
Acrobat® (PDF) formats)
(optional)
Sapera Processing Imaging Development Library includes over 600 optimized image
processing routines.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Contact Sales at
Teledyne DALSA
Overview  7
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Cables & Accessories
Item
Product Number
(optional) X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 can be shipped with an External Signals Connector
Bracket Assembly, either with a DB37 or DB25 connector (see the two product
numbers below). Either cable, if required, should be specified at the time of order.
Note: clients requiring more I/O connections must add the optional X-I/O Module.
DB37 assembly
see "External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1)" on page 99.
This cable assembly connects to J4.
OR-X4CC-IOCAB
DB25 assembly
see "External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2)" on page 101.
Provides direct compatibility with external cables made for products such as the
X64-CL iPro. This cable assembly connects to J4.
OR-X4CC-0TIO2
(optional) Power interface cable required when supplying power to cameras
OR-COMC-POW03
(optional) Camera Link Video Input Cable:
1 meter
2 meter
OC-COMC-CLNK0
OC-COMC-CLNK6
(optional) Power Over Camera Link (PoCL) Video Input Cable
2 meter HDR to MDR
1 meter MDR to MDR
2 meter MDR to MDR
OR-COMC-POCLD2
OR-COMC-POCLM1
OR-COMC-POCLM2
(optional) Cable bundle to connect Xcelera-CL PX4 to the X-I/O module
(includes cable OC-IO0C-ANLVDS)
8  Overview
OC-IO0B-ALAM0
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
About the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Frame Grabber
Series Key Features




Available either as a Full or Dual Base Camera Link board
Acquire from Monochrome, Bayer Filter or RGB Cameras, both area scan and linescan
Supports multiple tap formats and multiple tap scan directions, in multiple pixels depths
On board hardware Flat Field Correction




Output lookup tables
Vertical and Horizontal Flip supported on board
Supports a number of acquisition events in compliance with "Trigger to Image Reliability"
RoHS compliant

Supports Power Over Camera Link (PoCL)
See “Technical Specifications” on page 79 for detailed information.
User Programmable Configurations
Use the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware loader function in the Teledyne DALSA Device manager utility
to select firmware for one of the supported modes. Firmware selection is made either during driver
installation or manually later on (see "X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Firmware Loader" on page 15).
For the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Full board the firmware choices are:

One Full Camera Link Input with Flat Field Correction (installation default selection)
Support for 1 Base, 1 Medium or 1 Full Camera Link camera. Flat Field Correction (FFC) includes
Fixed Pattern Noise (FPN), Pixel Replacement, Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), and
Shading Correction.

One Full Camera Link Input with Bayer Filter Decoding, Sapera Method 1:
Support for 1 Base, 1 Medium or 1 Full Camera Link camera.
One Camera Link Input with 10 Taps @ 8 bits with Flat Field Correction:
Supports camera such as the Basler A504.
One Full Camera Link Input with Bayer Filter Decoding, Sapera Method 6:
Support for the Basler Sprint SPL8192 camera in enhanced mode.


X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Overview  9
For the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dual board the firmware choices are:

Two independent Base Camera Link Input with Flat Field Correction (installation default
selection)
Support for 1 or 2 Base Camera Link cameras. Flat Field Correction (FFC) includes Fixed Pattern
Noise (FPN), Pixel Replacement, Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), and Shading Correction.

Two independent Base Camera Link Input with Bayer Filter Decoding, Sapera Method 1:
Support for 1 or 2 Base Camera Link cameras with Hardware Bayer CFA (Color Filter Array)
Decoder. Flat Field Correction is not available in this configuration.

One Medium Camera Link Input with Flat field correction:
Support for 1 Base or 1 Medium Camera Link camera. Flat Field Correction (FFC) includes Fixed
Pattern Noise (FPN), Pixel Replacement, Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), and Shading
Correction.

One Medium Camera Link Input with Bayer Filter Decoding, Sapera Method 1:
Support for 1 Base or 1 Medium Camera Link camera with Hardware Bayer CFA (Color Filter
Array) Decoder. Flat Field Correction is not available in this configuration.
ACUPlus: Acquisition Control Unit
ACUPlus consists of a grab controller, one pixel packer, and one time base generator. ACUPlus delivers a
flexible acquisition front end plus it supports pixel clock rates of up to 85MHz.
ACUPlus acquires variable frame sizes up to 256KB per horizontal line and up to 16 million lines per
frame. ACUPlus can also capture an infinite number of lines from a linescan camera without losing a
single line of data.
ACUPlus supports standard Camera Link multi-tap configurations from 8 to 64-bit/pixels. Additionally,
alternate tap configurations can support up to 8 taps of 8-bits each or optionally 10 tap with alternate
firmware.
DTE: Intelligent Data Transfer Engine
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 intelligent Data Transfer Engine ensures fast image data transfers between the
board and the host computer with zero CPU usage. The DTE provides a high degree of data integrity
during continuous image acquisition in a non-real time operating system like Windows. DTE consists of
multiple independent DMA units, Tap Descriptor Tables, and Auto-loading Scatter-Gather tables.
PCI Express x4 Interface
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 is a universal PCI Express x4 board, compliant with the PCI Express 1.1
specification. The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board achieves transfer rates up to 750 Mbytes/sec. with all taps
used when connected to a corresponding camera or sensor.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board occupies one PCI Express x4 expansion slot and one chassis opening
(two slots with the optional X-I/O Module Option).
10  Overview
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Important:

Older computers may not support the maximum data transfer bandwidth defined for PCI Express x4.

The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board can also be used in an PCI Express x8 slot typically without issue.

If the computer only has a PCI Express x16 slot, an x4 board must be tested to see if it is supported.
It has been seen that many computer motherboards only support x16 products in x16 slots
(commonly used with graphic video boards).
Advanced Controls Overview
Visual Indicators
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 features LED indicators to facilitate system installation and setup. These indicators
provide visual feedback on the board status and camera status.
External Event Synchronization
Trigger inputs and strobe signals are provided to precisely synchronize image captures with external
events.
Camera Link Communications ports
One (Full board) or two (Dual board) PC independent communication ports provide Camera Link camera
configurations. These ports do not require addition PC resources like free interrupts or I/O address space.
Accessible via the board device driver, the communication ports present a seamless interface to
Windows-based standard communication applications like HyperTerminal, etc. The communication ports
are accessible directly from the Camera Link connectors.
Quadrature Shaft Encoder
An important feature for web scanning applications, the Quadrature-Shaft-Encoder inputs allow
synchronized line captures from external web encoders.
About the Optional X-I/O Module
The optional X-I/O module adds independent general purpose software controllable I/O signals to the
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. The X-I/O module provides 2 opto-coupled inputs, 6 logic signal inputs (5V or
24V), and 8 TTL outputs (NPN or PNP type selectable). The module also makes available 5V or 12V dc
power from the host system.
The X-I/O module can be either purchased with the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board or installed into the
computer system at a later time. The module occupies one adjacent PCI slot and connects to the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 via a ribbon cable. X-I/O Module external connections are made via the DB37
connector on the module bracket.
X-I/O requires X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board driver version 1.00 or later and Sapera LT version 6.0 or
later.
See "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 109 for details and specifications.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Overview  11
Development Software Overview
Sapera++ LT Library
Sapera++ LT is a powerful development library for image acquisition and control. Sapera++ LT provides
a single API across all current and future Teledyne DALSA hardware. Sapera++ LT delivers a
comprehensive feature set including program portability, versatile camera controls, flexible display
functionality and management, plus easy to use application development wizards. Applications are
developed using either C++ or .NET frameworks.
Sapera++ LT comes bundled with CamExpert, an easy to use camera configuration utility to create new,
or modify existing camera configuration files.
Sapera Processing Library
Sapera Processing is a comprehensive set of C++ classes or .NET classes for image processing and
analysis. Sapera Processing offers highly optimized tools for image processing, blob analysis, search
(pattern recognition), OCR and barcode decoding.
12  Overview
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
Warning! (Grounding Instructions)
Static electricity can damage electronic components. Please discharge any static electrical charge by
touching a grounded surface, such as the metal computer chassis, before performing any hardware
installation.
If you do not feel comfortable performing the installation, please consult a qualified computer technician.
Important: Never remove or install any hardware component with the computer power on. Disconnect
the power cord from the computer to disable the power standby mode. This prevents the case where some
computers unexpectedly power up when a board is installed.
Installation
Note: to install Sapera LT and the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 device driver, logon to the workstation as
administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.
The Sapera LT Development Library (or ‘runtime library’ if application execution without development
is preferred) must be installed before the Xcelera-CL PX4 device driver.
 Turn the computer off, disconnect the power cord (disables power standby mode), and open the
computer chassis to allow access to the expansion slot area.
 Install the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 into a free PCI Express x4 expansion slot. Note that some
computer's x16 slot may support x4 board products.
 Close the computer chassis and turn the computer on.
 Windows will find the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 and start its Found New Hardware Wizard. Click on
the Cancel button to close the Wizard.
 If using Windows Vista or Windows 7, Windows will display its Found New Hardware dialog.
Click on the default "Ask me again later" and continue with the installation. Note that if you select
the third option "Don't show this message again for this device", there will be no prompt if the
Teledyne DALSA board is installed in the same computer.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  13
Figure 1: Found New Hardware
Sapera LT Library Installation

Insert the Teledyne DALSA Sapera Essential CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your
computer, the installation menu is presented.

If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the
CD-ROM. Execute launch.exe to start the installation menu and install the required Sapera
components.

Continue with the installation of the board driver as described in the next section.

The installation program will prompt you to reboot the computer.
Refer to Sapera LT User’s Manual for additional details about Sapera LT.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Driver Installation
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board driver supports installation in a Windows XP, Windows Vista, or
Windows 7 system

After installing Sapera, continue by selecting the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver installation.

Insert the Teledyne DALSA Sapera CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your computer, the
installation menu is presented. Install the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver.

If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the
CD-ROM. Execute launch.exe to start the installation menu and install the X64 Xcelera-CL
PX4 driver. During the late stages of the installation, the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware loader
application starts. This is described in detail in the following section.

If Windows displays any unexpected message concerning the installed board, power off the
system and verify the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 is installed in the slot properly.
14  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Firmware Loader
The Device Manager-Firmware Loader program automatically executes at the end of the driver
installation and on every subsequent reboot of the computer. It will determine if the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
requires a firmware update. If firmware is required, a dialog displays and it also allows the user to load
firmware for alternate operational modes of the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.
Important: In the vary rare case of firmware loader errors please see "Recovering from a Firmware
Update Error" on page 31.
Firmware Update: Automatic Mode
Click Automatic to update the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware. The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Full supports
4 firmware configurations with the default being a Full, Medium, or Base camera with Flat Field
correction.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dual board supports 4 firmware configurations with the default being dual
Base cameras with Flat Field correction.
See “Series Key Features” on page 9 and “User Programmable Configurations” on page 9 for details on
all supported modes, which can be selected via a manual firmware update.
If there are multiple X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 boards in the system, all will be updated with new firmware. If
any installed X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board installed in a system already has the correct firmware version,
an update is not required. In the following screen shot, a single X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Full board is
installed in the system and the default configuration is ready to be programmed.
Firmware Update: Manual Mode
Select Manual mode to load firmware other then the default version or when, in the case of multiple X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 boards in the same system, each requires different firmware.
The figure below shows the Device Manager manual firmware screen. Information on all installed X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 boards, their serial numbers, and their firmware components are shown.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  15
A manual firmware update is made as follows:

Select the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 to update via the board selection box (if there are multiple
boards in the system)

From the Configuration field drop menu select the firmware version required

Click on the Start Update button

Observe the firmware update progress in the message output window

Close the Device manager program when the device reset complete message is shown.
Executing the Firmware Loader from the Start Menu
If required, the X64-Xcelera-CL PX4 Firmware Loader program is executed via the Windows Start Menu
shortcut Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Driver • Firmware Update. A
firmware change after installation would be required to select a different configuration mode. See "User
Programmable Configurations" on page 9.
16  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Requirements for a Silent Install
Both Sapera LT and the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver installations share the same installer technology.
When the installations of Teledyne DALSA products are embedded within a third party’s product
installation, the mode can either have user interaction or be completely silent. The following installation
mode descriptions apply to both Sapera and the hardware driver.
Note: You must reboot after the installation of Sapera LT. However, to streamline the installation
process, Sapera LT can be installed without rebooting before installing the board hardware device
drivers. The installations then complete with a single final system reboot.
Perform Teledyne DALSA embedded installations in either of these two ways:
 Normal Mode
The default mode is interactive. This is identical to running the setup.exe program manually from
Windows (either run from Windows Explorer or the Windows command line).
 Silent Mode
This mode requires no user interaction. A preconfigured “response” file provides the user input. The
installer displays nothing.
Silent Mode Installation
A Silent Mode installation is recommended when integrating Teledyne DALSA products into your
software installation. The silent installation mode allows the device driver installation to proceed without
the need for mouse clicks or other input from a user.
Preparing a Silent Mode Installation requires two steps:
 Prepare the response file, which emulates a user.
 Invoke the device driver installer with command options to use the prepared response file.
Creating a Response File
Create the installer response file by performing a device driver installation with a command line switch
"-r". The response file is automatically named setup.iss and is saved in the \windows folder. If a
specific directory is desired, the switch –f1 is used.
As an example, to save a response file in the same directory as the installation executable of the
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4, the command line would be:
X64_Xcelera-CL_PX4_1.40.exe –r –f1”.\setup.iss”
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  17
Running a Silent Mode Installation
A device driver silent installation, whether done alone or within a larger software installation requires the
device driver executable and the generated response file setup.iss.
Execute the device driver installer with the following command line:
X64_Xcelera-CL_PX4_1.40.exe -s -f1".\setup.iss"
Where the –s switch specifies the silent mode and the –f1 switch specifies the location of the response
file. In this example, the switch –f1".\setup.iss" specifies that the setup.iss file be in the same folder
as the device driver installer.
Note: On Windows Vista and 7, the Windows Security dialog box will appear unless one has already
notified Windows to ‘Always trust software from “DALSA Corp.” during a previous installation of a
driver.
Silent Mode Uninstall
Similar to a silent installation, a response file must be prepared first as follows.
Creating a Response File
The installer response file is created by performing a device driver un-installation with a command line
switch "-r". The response file is automatically named setup_uninstall.iss which is saved in the
\windows folder. If a specific directory is desired, the switch “–f1” is used.
As an example, to save a response file in the same directory as the installation executable of the
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4, the command line would be:
X64_Xcelera-CL_PX4_1.40.exe –r –f1”.\setup_uninstall.iss”
Running a Silent Mode Uninstall
Similar to the device driver silent mode installation, the un-installation requires the device driver
executable and the generated response file setup.iss.
Execute the device driver installer with the following command line:
X64_Xcelera-CL_PX4_1.40.exe -s -f1".\setup_uninstall.iss"
Where the –s switch specifies the silent mode and the –f1 switch specifies the location of the response
file. In this example, the switch –f1".\setup_uninstall.iss" specifies that the setup_uninstall.iss
file be in the same folder as the device driver installer.
18  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Silent Mode Installation Return Code
A silent mode installation creates a file “corinstall.ini” in the Windows directory. A section called
[SetupResult] contains the ‘status’ of the installation. A value of 1 indicates that the installation has
started and a value of 2 indicates that the installation has terminated.
A silent mode installation also creates a log file “setup.log” which by default is created in the same
directory and with the same name (except for the extension) as the response file. The /f2 option enables
you to specify an alternative log file location and file name, as in Setup.exe /s /f2"C:\Setup.log".
The “setup.log” file contains three sections. The first section, [InstallShield Silent], identifies the version
of InstallShield used in the silent installation. It also identifies the file as a log file. The second section,
[Application], identifies the installed application name, version, and the company name. The third
section, [ResponseResult], contains the ‘ResultCode’ indicating whether the silent installation succeeded.
A value of 0 means the installation was successful.
Installation Setup with CorAppLauncher.exe
The installation setup can be run with the CorAppLauncher.exe tool provided with the driver.
 Install the board driver and get CorAppLauncher.exe from the \bin directory of the installation.
 When running the installation, CorAppLauncher.exe will return only when the installation is
finished.
 When run from within a batch file, obtain the installation exit code from the ERRORLEVEL value.
 The arguments to CorAppLauncher.exe are
-l: Launch application
-f: Application to launch. Specify a fully qualified path.
As an example:
 CorAppLauncher –l –f”c:\driver_install\x64_xcelera-cl_PX4_1.40.exe”
 IF %ERRORLEVEL% NEQ 0 goto launch error
Note: There is a 32-bit and 64-bit version of CorAppLauncher.exe. When installing the driver, only the
version related to the OS is installed. However, the 32-bit version is usable on either 32-bit or 64-bit
Windows.
Custom Driver Installation using install.ini
Customize the driver installation by parameters defined in the file “install.ini”. By using this file, the user
can:
 Select the user default configuration.
 Select different configurations for systems with multiple boards.
 Assign a standard Serial COM port to board.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  19
Creating the install.ini File




Install the driver in the target computer. All X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 boards required in the system must
be installed.
Configure each board’s acquisition firmware using the Teledyne DALSA Device Manager tool (see
"Device Manager – Board Viewer" on page 24).
If a standard Serial COM port is required for any board, use the Sapera Configuration tool (see
"COM Port Assignment" on page 22).
When each board setup is complete, using the Teledyne DALSA Device Manager tool, click on the
Save Config File button. This will create the “install.ini” file.
Figure 2: Create an install.ini File
Run the Installation using install.ini
Copy the install.ini file into the same directory as the setup installation file. Run the setup installation as
normal. The installation will automatically check for an install.ini file and if found, use the configuration
defined in it.
20  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Upgrading Sapera or any Board Driver
When installing a new version of Sapera or a Teledyne DALSA acquisition board driver in a computer
with a previous installation, the current version must be un-installed first. Described below are two
upgrade situations. Note that if the board is installed in a different slot, the new hardware wizard opens.
Answer as instructed in section “Installation” on page 13.
Board Driver Upgrade Only
Minor upgrades to acquisition board drivers are typically distributed as ZIP files available in the Teledyne
DALSA web site www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support. Board driver revisions are also available on the
next release of the Sapera CD-ROM.
Often minor board driver upgrades do not require a new revision of Sapera. To confirm that the current
Sapera version will work with the new board driver:

Check the new board driver ReadMe file before installing, for information on the minimum
Sapera version required.

If the ReadMe file does not specify the Sapera version, contact Teledyne DALSA Technical
Support (see "Technical Support" on page 124 ).
To upgrade the board driver only:

Logon the computer as an administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.

In Windows XP, from the start menu select Start • Settings • Control Panel • Add or Remove
Programs. Select the Teledyne DALSA Xcelera board driver and click Remove.

Windows XP only:


When the driver un-install is complete, reboot the computer.

Logon the computer as an administrator again.
In Windows Vista and Windows 7, from the start menu select Start • Settings • Control Panel
• Programs and Features. Double-click the Teledyne DALSA Xcelera board driver and click
Remove.

Install the new board driver. Run Setup.exe if installing manually from a downloaded driver file.

If the new driver is on a Sapera CD-ROM follow the installation procedure described in "X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 Driver" on page 14.

Note that you can not install a Teledyne DALSA board driver without Sapera LT installed on the
computer.
Sapera and Board Driver Upgrades
When upgrading both Sapera and the acquisition board driver, follow the procedure described below.

Logon the computer as an administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  21

In Windows XP, from the start menu select Start • Settings • Control Panel • Add or Remove
Programs. Select the Teledyne DALSA Xcelera board driver and click Remove. Follow by also
removing the older version of Sapera LT.

In Windows Vista/7, from the start menu select Start • Settings • Control Panel • Programs
and Features. Double-click the Teledyne DALSA Xcelera board driver and click Remove.
Follow by also removing the older version of Sapera LT.

Reboot the computer and logon the computer as an administrator again.

Install the new versions of Sapera and the board driver as if this was a first time installation. See
"Sapera LT Library Installation" on page 14 and "X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Driver" on page 14 for
installation procedures.
Using the Camera Link Serial Control Port
The Camera Link cabling specification includes a serial communication port for direct camera control by
the frame grabber (see "J2: Camera Link Connector 1 " on page 89). The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver
supports this serial communication port either directly or by mapping it to a host computer COM port.
Any serial port communication program, such as Windows HyperTerminal, can connect to the camera in
use and modify its function modes via its serial port controls. The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 serial port
supports communication speeds from 9600 to 921600 bps.
Note: if your serial communication program can directly select the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 serial port then
mapping to a system COM port is not necessary.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 serial port is mapped to an available COM port by using the Sapera
Configuration tool. Run the program from the Windows start menu: Start • Programs • Teledyne
DALSA • Sapera LT • Sapera Configuration.
COM Port Assignment
The lower section of the Sapera Configuration program screen contains the serial port configuration
menu. Configure as follows:

Use the Physical Port drop menu to select the Sapera board device from all available Sapera
boards with serial ports (when more then one board is in the system).

Use the Maps to drop menu to assign an available COM number to that Sapera board serial port.

Click on the Save Settings Now button then the Close button. You are prompted to reboot your
computer to enable the serial port mapping.

The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 serial port, now mapped to COM3 in this example, is available as a
serial port to any serial port application for camera control. Note that this serial port is not listed
in the Windows Control Panel•System Properties•Device Manager because it is a logical
serial port mapping.

An example setup using Windows HyperTerminal follows.
22  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Setup Example with Windows XP HyperTerminal

Run HyperTerminal and type a name for the new connection when prompted. Then click OK.

On the following dialog screen select the port to connect with. The port could be the COM port
mapped to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 or the COM device as shown in this example.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  23

HyperTerminal now presents a dialog to configure the COM port properties. Change settings as
required by the camera you are connecting to. Note that the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 serial port
does not support hardware flow control.
Displaying X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board
Information
The Device Manager program also displays information about the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 boards installed
in the system. To view board information run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start •
Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Device Driver • Device Manager.
Device Manager – Board Viewer
The following screen image shows the Device Manager program with the Information/Firmware tab
active. The left window displays all X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 boards in the system and their individual
device components. The right window displays the information stored in the selected board device. This
example screen shows the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 information contained in the EEProm component.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 device manager report file (BoardInfo.txt) is generated by clicking File • Save
Device Info. This report file may be requested by Teledyne DALSA Technical Support to aid in
troubleshooting installation or operational problems.
24  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Configuring Sapera
Viewing Installed Sapera Servers
The Sapera configuration program (Start • All Programs • Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT • Sapera
Configuration) allows the user to see all available Sapera servers for the installed Sapera-compatible
boards. The System entry represents the system server. It corresponds to the host machine (your
computer) and is the only server that should always be present.
Increasing Contiguous Memory for Sapera Resources
The Contiguous Memory section lets the user specify the total amount of contiguous memory (a block
of physical memory, occupying consecutive addresses) reserved for the resources needed for Sapera
buffers allocation and Sapera messaging. For both items, the Requested value dialog box shows the
driver default memory setting while the Allocated value displays the amount of contiguous memory that
has been allocated successfully. The default values will generally satisfy the needs of most applications.
The Sapera buffers value determines the total amount of contiguous memory reserved at boot time for
the allocation of dynamic resources used for host frame buffer management such as DMA descriptor
tables plus other kernel needs. Adjust this value higher if your application generates any out-of-memory
error while allocating host frame buffers or when connecting the buffers via a transfer object. You can
approximate the amount of contiguous memory required as follows:

Calculate the total amount of host memory used for frame buffers
[ number of frame buffers • number of pixels per line • number of lines • (2 - if buffer is 10 or 12
bits) ].

Provide 1MB for every 256 MB of host frame buffer memory required.

Add an additional 1 MB if the frame buffers have a short line length, say 1k or less
( the increased number of individual frame buffers requires more resources ).


Add an additional 2 MB for various static and dynamic Sapera resources.
Add the amount of memory needed for DMA tables using the formula (Sapera 7.10 and up):
[number of frame buffers • number of lines • 16 • (line length in bytes / 4kB)].
Test for any memory error when allocating host buffers. Simply use the Buffer menu of the
Sapera Grab demo program (see "Grab Demo Overview" on page 47) to allocate the number of
host buffers required for your acquisition source. Feel free to test the maximum limit of host
buffers possible on your host system – the Sapera Grab demo will not crash when the requested
number of host frame buffers cannot be allocated.

X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4  25
Host Computer Frame Buffer Memory Limitations
When planning a Sapera application and its host frame buffers used, plus other Sapera memory resources,
do not forget the Windows operating system memory needs.
A Sapera application using the preferred scatter gather buffers could consume most of the remaining
system memory, with a large allocation of frame buffers. If using frame buffers allocated as a single
contiguous memory block, Windows will limit the allocation dependent on the installed system memory.
Use the Buffer menu of the Sapera Grab demo program to allocate host buffer memory until an error
message signals the limit allowed by the operating system used.
Contiguous Memory for Sapera Messaging
The current value for Sapera messaging determines the total amount of contiguous memory reserved at
boot time for messages allocation. This memory space is used to store arguments when a Sapera function
is called. Increase this value if you are using functions with large arguments, such as arrays and
experience any memory errors.
26  Installing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems
Overview
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 (and the X64 family of products) is tested by Teledyne DALSA in a variety of
computers. Although unlikely, installation problems may occur due to the constant changing nature of
computer equipment and operating systems. This section describes what the user can verify to determine
the problem or the checks to make before contacting Technical Support.
If you require help and need to contact Technical Support, make detailed notes on your installation and/or
test results for our technical support to review. See "Technical Support" on page 124 for contact
information.
Problem Type Summary
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 problems are either installation types where the board hardware is not recognized
on the PCIe bus (i.e. trained) or function errors due to camera connections or bandwidth issues. The
following links jump to various topics in this troubleshooting section.
First Step: Check the Status LED
A RED Status LED 1 indicates a camera problem, while various Green states indicate the acquisition
mode.
Status LED 2, if flashing RED, indicates a PCIe bus problem. If you run the PCI Diagnostics tool, the
LX1 is not in the PCI device list. If the board is installed in a computer which supports PCIe GEN2
expansion slots, see section "SW3-2 GEN2 Slot Workaround Details" on page 86.
The complete status LED description is available in the technical reference section (see "Status LEDs
Functional Description" on page 87).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems  27
Possible Installation Problems






Hardware PCI bus conflict: When a new installation produces PCI bus error messages or the board
driver doesn't install, it is important to verify that there are no conflicts with other PCI or system
devices already installed. Use the Teledyne DALSA PCI Diagnostic tool as described in "Checking
for PCI Bus Conflicts" on page 29. Also verify the installation via the "Driver Information via the
Device Manager Program" on page 32.
Gen2 slot errors: There is a PCI bus error message from the computer bios. Follow the instructions
"GEN2 PCI Slot Computer Issue" on page 31.
BSOD (blue screen) following a board reset: After programming the board with different
firmware, the computer displays the BSOD when the board is reset (see "BSOD (blue screen)
Following a Board Reset" on page 31).
Verify Sapera and Board drivers: If there are errors when running applications, confirm that all
Sapera and board drivers are running. See "Sapera and Hardware Windows Drivers" on page 31 for
details. In addition, Teledyne DALSA technical support will ask for the log file of messages by board
drivers. Follow the instructions describe in "Teledyne DALSA Log Viewer" on page 33.
Firmware update error: There was an error during the board firmware update procedure. This
usually is easily corrected by the user. Follow the instructions "Recovering from a Firmware Update
Error" on page 31.
Installation went well but the board doesn't work or stopped working. Review theses steps described
in "Symptoms: CamExpert Detects no Boards" on page 34.
Possible Functional Problems


Driver Information: Use the Teledyne DALSA Device Manager program to view information about
the installed X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board and driver. See "Driver Information via the Device
Manager Program" on page 32.
On-Board Image Memory Requirements: The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 on-board memory provides
two frame buffers large enough for most imaging situations. See "On-board Image Memory
Requirements for Acquisitions" on page 34 for details on the on board memory and possible
limitations.
Sometimes the problem symptoms are not the result of an installation issue but due to other system
issues. Review the sections described below for solutions to various X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 functional
problems.
 "Symptoms: X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Does Not Grab" on page 35
 "Symptoms: Card grabs black" on page 35
 "Symptoms: Card acquisition bandwidth is less than expected" on page 36
28  Troubleshooting Problems
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Procedures
The following sections provide information and solutions to possible X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 installation
and functional problems. These topics are summarized in the previous section of this manual.
Checking for PCI Bus Conflicts
One of the first items to check when there is a problem with any PCI board is to examine the system PCI
configuration and ensure that there are no conflicts with other PCI or system devices. The Teledyne
DALSA PCI Diagnostic program (cpcidiag.exe) allows examination of the PCI configuration registers
and can save this information to a text file. Run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start •
All Programs • Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT • Tools • PCI Diagnostics.
As shown in the following screen image, use the first drop menu to select the PCI device to examine.
Select the device from Teledyne DALSA. Note the bus and slot number of the installed board (this will
be unique for each system unless systems are setup identically). Click on the Diagnostic button to view
an analysis of the system PCI configuration space.
Clicking on the Diagnostic button opens a new window with the diagnostic report. From the PCI Bus
Number drop menu select the bus number that the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 is installed in—in this example
the slot is bus 2.
The window now shows the I/O and memory ranges used by each device on the selected PCI bus. The
information display box will detail any PCI conflicts. If there is a problem, click on the Save button. A
file named ‘pcidiag.txt’ is created (in the Sapera\bin directory) with a dump of the PCI configuration
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems  29
registers. Email this file when requested by the Teledyne DALSA Technical Support group along with a
full description of your computer.
Windows Device Manager
In Windows use the Start Menu shortcut Start • Settings • Control Panel • System • Hardware • Device
Manager. As shown in the following screen images, look for X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board under “Imaging
Devices”. Double-click and look at the device status. You should see “This device is working properly.”
Go to “Resources” tab and make certain that the device is mapped and has an interrupt assigned to it,
without any conflicts.
30  Troubleshooting Problems
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
GEN2 PCI Slot Computer Issue
At boot time, the PX4 status LED 2 keeps on flashing red. If you run the PCI Diagnostics tool, the PX4 is
not in the PCI device list. If the board is installed in a computer which supports PCIe GEN2 expansion
slots, see section "SW3-2 GEN2 Slot Workaround Details" on page 86.
BSOD (blue screen) Following a Board Reset
Teledyne DALSA engineering has identified cases where a PC will falsely report a hardware malfunction
when the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board is reset. The symptoms will be a Windows blue screen or PC that
freezes following a board reset. The solution to this problem is to install the driver using the switch “/cr”,
indicating to the driver that a reset of the board must not be allowed and that a reboot of the computer is
needed instead.
 Example: X64_Xcelera-CL_PX4_1.00.00.0000.exe /cr
Sapera and Hardware Windows Drivers
The next step is to make certain the appropriate Teledyne DALSA drivers have started successfully
during the boot sequence. Example, click on the Start • Programs • Accessories • System Tools •
System Information • Software Environment. Click on System Drivers. Make certain the following
drivers have started for the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.
Device
Description
Type
Started
CorX64Expre4x
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 messaging
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorLog
Sapera Log viewer
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorMem
Sapera Memory manager
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorPci
Sapera PCI configuration
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorSerial
Sapera Serial Port manager
Kernel Driver
Yes
Teledyne DALSA Technical Support may request that you check the status of these drivers as part of the
troubleshooting process.
Recovering from a Firmware Update Error
This procedure is required if any failure occurred while updating the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware on
installation or during a manual firmware upgrade. On the rare occasion the board has corrupted firmware,
any Sapera application such as CamExpert or the grab demo program will not find an installed board to
control.
Possible reasons for firmware loading errors or corruption are:

Computer system mains power failure or deep brown-out.

PCI bus or checksum errors.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems  31

PCI bus timeout conditions due to other devices.

User forcing a partial firmware upload using an invalid firmware source file.
When the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware is corrupted, executing a manual firmware upload will not
work because the firmware loader can not communicate with the board. In an extreme case, corrupted
firmware may even prevent Windows from booting.
Solution: The user manually forces the board to initialize from write protected firmware designed only to
allow driver firmware uploads. When the firmware upload is complete, the board is then rebooted to
initialize in its normal operational mode.

Note that this procedure may require removing the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board several times
from the computer.

Important: Referring to the board's user manual (in the connectors and jumpers reference
section), identify the configuration switch location. The Boot Recovery Mode switch for the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 is SW3-1 (see "SW3: " on page 86).

Shut down Windows and power OFF the computer.

Move the switch SW3-1 to ON, for the boot recovery mode position. (The default position is
SW3-1 to OFF for normal operation).

Power on the computer. Windows will boot normally.

When Windows has started, do a manual firmware update procedure to update the firmware
again (see "Firmware Update: Manual Mode" on page 15).

When the update is complete, shut down Windows and power off the computer.

Set the SW3-1 switch back to the OFF position (i.e. default position) and power on the computer
once again.

Verify that the frame grabber is functioning by running a Sapera application such as CamExpert.
The Sapera application will now be able to communicate with the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board.
Driver Information via the Device Manager Program
The Teledyne DALSA Device Manager program provides a convenient method of collecting information
about the installed X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. System information such as operating system, computer CPU,
system memory, PCI configuration space, plus X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 firmware information can be
displayed or written to a text file (default file name – BoardInfo.txt). Note that this is a second function
mode of the same program used to manually upload firmware to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.
Execute the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start • All Programs • Teledyne DALSA •
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Device Driver • Device Manager. If the Device Manager program does not run, it
will exit with a message that the board was not found. Since the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board must have
been in the system to install the board driver, possible reasons for an error are:

Board was removed

Board driver did not start or was terminated

PCI conflict after some other device was installed
32  Troubleshooting Problems
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Information Window
The following figure shows the Device Manager information screen. Click to highlight one of the board
components and the information for that item is shown on the right hand window, as described below.

Select Information to display identification and information stored in the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
firmware.

Select Firmware to display version information for the firmware components.

Select one of the firmware components to load custom firmware when supplied by Teledyne
DALSA engineering for a future feature.

Click on File • Save Device Info to save all information to a text file. Email this file when
requested by Technical Support.
Teledyne DALSA Log Viewer
A step in the verification process is to save in a text file the information collected by the Log Viewer
program. Run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start • All Programs • Teledyne
DALSA • Sapera LT • Tools • Log Viewer.
The Log Viewer lists information about the installed board drivers. Click on File • Save and you will be
prompted for a text file name to save the Log Viewer contents. Email this text file to Teledyne DALSA
Technical Support when requested or as part of your initial contact email.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems  33
On-board Image Memory Requirements for Acquisitions
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 allocates by default two frame buffers in on-board memory, each equal in size
to the acquisition frame buffer. This double buffering memory allocation is automatic at the driver level.
Two buffers will ensure that the acquired video frame is complete and not corrupted in cases where the
image transfer to host system memory may be interrupted and delayed by other host system processes.
That is, the image acquisition to one frame buffer is not interrupted by any delays in transfer of the other
frame buffer (which contains the previously acquired video frame) to system memory. Note that an
application can change the number of on-board frame buffers using the Sapera LT API. If allocation for
the requested number of buffers fails, the driver will reduce the number of on-board frame buffers
requested until they can all fit. When reaching 2 on-board buffers, if they still cannot fit, the driver will
reduce the size such that it allocates two partial buffers. This mode will write image data to the buffer
while wrapping image lines around to the beginning of a buffer when full. This mode relies on reading
out the image data to the host computer faster than the acquisition.
Symptoms: CamExpert Detects no Boards

If using Sapera version 6.00 or later:
When starting CamExpert, if no Teledyne DALSA board is detected, CamExpert will start in
offline mode. There is no error message and CamExpert is functional for creating or modifying a
camera configuration file. If CamExpert should have detected the installed board, troubleshoot
the installation problem as described below.
Troubleshooting Procedure
When CamExpert detects no installed board, there could be a hardware problem, a PnP problem, a PCI
problem, a kernel driver problem, or a software installation problem.

Make certain that the card is properly seated in PCIe slot.

Perform all installation checks described in this section before contacting Technical Support.

Try the board in a different PCIe slot if available.
34  Troubleshooting Problems
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Symptoms: X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Does Not Grab
You are able to start Sapera CamExpert but you do not see an image and the frame rate displayed is 0.

Verify power is connected to the camera.

Verify the camera and timing parameters with the camera in free run mode.

Verify you can grab with the camera in free run mode.

Make certain that you provide an external trigger if the camera configuration file requires one.
Use the software trigger feature of CamExpert if you do not have a trigger source.

Make certain that the camera is properly connected to the cable.

Make certain that the camera is configured for the proper mode of operation. This must match
the camera configuration file. Refer to your camera datasheet.

Try to snap one frame instead of continuous grab.

Perform all installation checks described in this section before contacting Technical Support.
Symptoms: Card grabs black
You are able to use Sapera CamExpert, the displayed frame rate is as expected, but the display is always
black.

Set your camera to manual exposure mode and set the exposure to a longer period, plus open the
lens iris.

Try to snap one frame instead of continuous grab.

Make certain that the input LUT is not programmed to output all ‘0’s.

This problem is sometimes caused by a PCIe transfer issue. No PCIe transfer takes place, so the
frame rate is above 0 but nevertheless no image is displayed in CamExpert.

Make certain that BUS MASTER bit in the PCIe configuration space is activated. Look in PCI
Diagnostics for BM button under “Command” group. Make certain that the BM button is
activated.

Perform all installation checks described in this section before contacting Technical Support.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Troubleshooting Problems  35
Symptoms: Card acquisition bandwidth is less than expected
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 acquisition bandwidth is less than expected.

Review the system for problems or conflicts with other expansion boards or drivers.

Remove other PCI Express, PCI-32 or PCI-64 boards and check acquisition bandwidth again.
engineering has seen this case where other PCI boards in some systems cause limitations in
transfers. Each system, with its combination of system motherboard and PCI boards, will be
unique and will need to be tested for bandwidth limitations affecting the imaging application.
Is the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 installed in a PCI Express x16 slot?
Note that some computer's x16 slot may only support non x16 boards at x1 or not at all. Check
the computer documentation or test an X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 installation. Note that the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 board is not designed to function at x1 speeds. The speed at which the board is
running at is logged in the LogViewer. Check for an entry similar to this:
“…X64_FPGA_GetPciSpeed = x8…”


36  Troubleshooting Problems
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start
Interfacing Cameras with CamExpert
CamExpert is the camera interfacing tool for frame grabber boards supported by the Sapera library.
CamExpert generates the Sapera camera configuration file (yourcamera.ccf) based on timing and control
parameters entered. For backward compatibility with previous versions of Sapera, CamExpert also reads
and writes the *.cca and *.cvi camera parameter files.
Every Sapera demo program starts by a dialog window to select a camera configuration file. Even when
using the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 with common video signals, a camera file is required. Therefore
CamExpert is typically the first Sapera application run after an installation. Obviously existing .ccf files
can be copied to the new installation when similar cameras are used.
CamExpert Example with a Monochrome Camera
The image below shows CamExpert with the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. The camera outputs monochrome 8bit video on a Camera Link interface. After selecting the camera model, the timing parameters are
displayed and the user can test by clicking on Grab. Descriptions of the CamExpert windows follows the
image.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start  37
CamExpert groups parameters into functional categories. The parameters shown depend on the frame
grabber used and what camera is connected. The parameter values are either the camera defaults or the
last stored value when the camera was used. The descriptions below are with the Xcelera-CL PX4 and the
Teledyne DALSA Falcon camera.
 Device Selector: Two drop menus to select which device and which saved configuration to use.


Device: Select which acquisition device to control and configure a camera file for. Required in
cases where there are multiple boards in a system and also when one board supports multiple
acquisition types. Note in this example, the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 was installed with firmware to
support a monochrome Camera Link camera.

Configuration: Select the timing for a specific camera model included with the Sapera
installation or a standard video standard. The User's subsection is where user created camera
files are stored.
Parameter Groups: Select a function category and change parameter values as required.
Descriptions for the camera parameters change dependent on the camera. The following information
was obtained by using a Teledyne DALSA Falcon camera.

Camera Information: Provides static camera parameters along with a dialog to save a user
setup.

Camera Control: Basic and advanced parameters used to define the timing and pixel type of the
camera. Select the pixel mode, Horizontal active resolution, Vertical Resolution (for area scan
sensors), Pixel Clock frequency, Camera sensor readout type, Binning, etc. dependent on the
camera used. This group is sufficient to configure a free-running camera.

External Trigger: Parameters to configure the external trigger characteristics.

Image Buffer and ROI: Control of the host buffer dimension and format.

Display: An important component of CamExpert is its live acquisition display window which allows
immediate verification of timing or control parameters without the need to run a separate acquisition
program. Grab starts continuous acquisition (button then toggles to Freeze to stop). Snap is a single
frame grab. Trigger is a software trigger to emulate an external source.

Output Messages and Video Status Bar: Events and errors are logged for review. Camera
connection status is displayed where green indicates signal present.

Camera Link Serial Command: Select this Tab to open a serial command port to the camera. This
allows the user to issue configuration commands if supported by the camera.
For context sensitive help click on the
button then click on a camera configuration parameter. A
short description of the configuration parameter will be shown in a popup. Click on the
open the help file for more descriptive information on CamExpert.
38  CamExpert Quick Start
button to
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Demonstration and Test Tools
The CamExpert utility also includes a number of demonstration features which make CamExpert the
primary tool to configure, test and calibrate your camera and imaging setup. Display tools include, image
pixel value readout, image zoom, and line profiler.
Functional tools include hardware Flat Field calibration and operation support (see “Using the Flat Field
Correction Tool” on page 41), plus support for either hardware based or software Bayer filter camera
decoding with auto white balance calibration (see “Using the Bayer Filter Tool” on page 45).
Camera Types & Files Applicable to the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supports digital area scan or linescan cameras using the Camera Link interface
standard. See "X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 End Bracket Detail" on page 84 for information on connecting a
Camera Link camera.
Contact Teledyne DALSA or browse our web site [www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support ] for the latest
information and application notes on X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supported cameras.
Camera Files Distributed with Sapera
The Sapera distribution CDROM includes camera files for a selection of X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supported
cameras. Using the Sapera CamExpert program, you may use the camera files (CCA) provided to
generate a camera configuration file (CCF) that describes the desired camera and frame grabber
configuration..
Teledyne DALSA continually updates a camera application library composed of application information
and prepared camera files. Camera files are ASCII text and can be read with Windows Notepad on any
computer without having Sapera installed.
Overview of Sapera Acquisition Parameter Files (*.ccf or
*.cca/*.cvi)
Concepts and Differences between the Parameter Files
There are two components to the legacy Sapera acquisition parameter file set: CCA files (also called camfiles) and CVI files (also called VIC files, i.e. video input conditioning). The files store video-signal
parameters (CCA) and video conditioning parameters (CVI), which in turn simplifies programming the
frame-grabber acquisition hardware for the camera in use. Sapera LT 5.0 introduces a new camera
configuration file (CCF) that combines the CCA and CVI files into one file.
Typically, a camera application will use a CCF file per camera operating mode (or one CCA file in
conjunction with several CVI files, where each CVI file defines a specific camera operating mode). An
application can also have multiple CCA/CCF files so as to support different image format modes
supported by the camera or sensor (such as image binning or variable ROI).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start  39
CCF File Details
Files using the “.CCF” extension, (Camera Configuration files), are essentially the camera (CCA) and
frame grabber (CVI) parameters grouped into one file for easier configuration file management. This is
the default Camera Configuration file used with Sapera LT 5.0 and the CamExpert utility.
CCA File Details
Teledyne DALSA distributes camera files using the “.CCA” extension, (CAMERA files), which contain
all parameters describing the camera video signal characteristics and operation modes (what the camera
outputs). The Sapera parameter groups within the file are:

Video format and pixel definition.

Video resolution (pixel rate, pixels per line, lines per frame).

Synchronization source and timing.

Channels/Taps configuration.

Supported camera modes and related parameters.

External signal assignment.
CVI File Details
Legacy files using the “.CVI” extension contain all operating parameters related to the frame grabber
board - what the frame grabber can actually do with camera controls or incoming video. The Sapera
parameter groups within the file are:

Activate and set any supported camera control mode or control variable.

Define the integration mode and duration.

Define the strobe output control.

Allocate the frame grabber transfer ROI, the host video buffer size and buffer type (RGB888,
RGB101010, MONO8, MONO16).

Configuration of line/frame trigger parameters such as source (internal via the frame grabber
/external via some outside event), electrical format (TTL, RS-422, OPTO-isolated), and signal
active edge or level characterization.
Camera Interfacing Check List
Before interfacing a camera from scratch with CamExpert:

Confirm that Teledyne DALSA has not already published an application note with camera files
[www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support ].

Confirm that the correct version or board revision of X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 is used. Confirm that
the required firmware is loaded into the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 .

Confirm that Sapera does not already have a .cca file for your camera installed on your hard
disk. If there is a .cca file supplied with Sapera, then use CamExpert to automatically generate
the .ccf file with default parameter values matching the frame grabber capabilities.
40  CamExpert Quick Start
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual

Check if the Sapera installation has a similar type of camera file. A similar .cca file can be
loaded into CamExpert where it is modified to match timing and operating parameters for your
camera, and lastly save them as Camera Configuration file (.ccf).

Finally, if your camera type has never been interfaced, run CamExpert after installing Sapera
and the acquisition board driver, select the board acquisition server, and manually enter the
camera parameters.
Using the Flat Field Correction Tool
Flat Field Correction is the process of eliminating small gain differences between pixels in a sensor array.
That sensor when exposed to a uniformly lit field will have no gray level differences between pixels when
calibrated flat field correction is applied to the image. The CamExpert Flat Field tool functions with
hardware supporting flat field processing.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Flat Field Support
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supports hardware based real-time Flat Field Correction when used with its
dual Base or one Medium configuration.
Important: Flat field and flat line correction impose limitations to the maximum acquisition frame rate.
Please contact the Teledyne DALSA support group for more details on camera specific maximum
supported acquisition rates.
Loading the Required Camera File
Select the required camera configuration file for the connected camera. Verify the acquisition with the
live grab function. Make camera adjustments to get good images.
Set up Dark and Bright Acquisitions with the Histogram Tool
Before performing calibration, verify the acquisition with a live grab. Also at this time make preparations
to grab a flat light gray level image, required for the calibration, such as a clean evenly lighted white wall
or non-glossy paper with the lens slightly out of focus. Ideally a controlled diffused light source aimed
directly at the lens should be used. Note the lens iris position for a bright but not saturated image.
Additionally check that the lens iris closes well or have a lens cover to grab the dark calibration image.
Verify a Dark Acquisition
Close the camera lens iris and cover the lens with a lens cap. Using CamExpert, click on the grab button
and then the histogram button. The following figure shows a typical histogram for a very dark image.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start  41
Indicates one or more
“hot” pixels
Average dark pixel value
Important: In this example, the average pixel value for the frame is close to black. Also note that most
sensors will show a much higher maximum pixel value due to one or more "hot pixels". The sensor
specification accounts for a small number of hot or stuck pixels (pixels that do not react to light over the
full dynamic range specified for that sensor).
Verify a Bright Acquisition
Aim the camera at a diffused light source or evenly lit white wall with no shadows falling on it. Using
CamExpert, click on the grab button and then the histogram button. Use the lens iris to adjust for a bright
gray approximately around a pixel value of 200 (for 8-bit pixels). The following figure shows a typical
histogram for a bright gray image.
42  CamExpert Quick Start
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Minimum should not be black
unless there is a “dead” pixel
Maximum should not be
peak white unless there is a
“hot” pixel (i.e. 255 for 8-bit,
1023 for 10-bit)
Average bright pixel value
(bright gray but not white)
Important: In this example, the average pixel value for the frame is bright gray. Also note that sensors
may show a much higher maximum or a much lower minimum pixel value due to one or more "hot or
dead pixels". The sensor specification accounts for a small number of hot, stuck, or dead pixels (pixels
that do not react to light over the full dynamic range specified for that sensor).
Once the bright gray acquisition setup is done, note the camera position and lens iris position so as to be
able to repeat it during the calibration procedure.
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure
Calibration is the process of taking two reference images, one of a black field – one of a light gray field
(not saturated), to generate correction data for images captured by the CCD. Each CCD pixel data is
modified by the correction factor generated by the calibration process, so that each pixel now has an
identical response to the same illumination.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start  43
Start the Flat Field calibration tool via the CamExpert menu bar:
Tools • Flat Field Correction • Calibration.
Flat Field Calibration Window
The Flat Field calibration window provides a three step process to acquire two reference images and then
save the flat field correction data for the camera used. To aid in determining if the reference images are
valid, a histogram tool is provided so that the user can review the images used for the correction data.

Setup the camera to capture a uniform black image. Black paper with no illumination and the
camera lens’ iris closed to minimum can provide such a black image.

Click on Acquire Black Image. The flat field demo will grab a video frame, analyze the pixel
gray level spread, and present the statistics. The desired black reference image should have pixel
values less then 20. If acceptable accept the image as the black reference.

Setup the camera to acquire a uniform white image (but not saturated white). Even illumination
on white paper can be used, with a gray level of 128 minimum. It is preferable to prepare for the
white level calibration before the calibration procedure.
44  CamExpert Quick Start
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual

Click on Acquire White Image. The flat field demo will grab a video frame, analyze the pixel
gray level spread, and present the statistics. The captured gray level for all pixels should be
greater than 128. If acceptable accept the image as the white reference.

Click on Save. The flat field correction data is saved as a TIF image with a file name of your
choice (such as camera name and serial number).
Using Flat Field Correction
From the CamExpert menu bar enable Flat Field correction (Tools • Flat Field Correction • Enable).
Now when doing a live grab or snap, the incoming image is corrected by the current flat field calibration
data for each pixel.
Use the menu function Tools • Flat Field Correction • Load to load in a flat field correction image from
a previous saved calibration data. CamExpert allows saving and loading calibration data for all cameras
used with the imaging system.
Using the Bayer Filter Tool
CamExpert supports the use of Bayer Filter cameras by providing a tool to select the Bayer filter mosaic
pattern and to perform an auto white balance. Color calibration can then be manually fine tuned with
RGB gain and gamma adjustments.
The CamExpert Bayer filter tool supports using both software or hardware based decoding. With boards
that have Bayer filter decoding in hardware such as the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 (requires loading the Bayer
Decoder firmware), CamExpert directly controls the hardware for high performance real-time
acquisitions from Bayer filter cameras. When standard acquisition boards are used, CamExpert performs
software Bayer filter decoding using the host system processor.
Bayer Filter White Balance Calibration Procedure
The following procedure uses an X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 with hardware Bayer filter support (Bayer
Decoder firmware loaded) and any supported Bayer color camera. It is assumed that CamExpert was used
to generate a camera file with correct camera timing parameters.

On the CamExpert menu bar, click on Tools • Bayer Filter. The following menu should show
Hardware selected by default when the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 has Bayer support.

Select Setting to access the color calibration window (see following figure).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start  45

Click Grab to start live acquisition.

Aim and focus the camera. The camera should see an area of white or place white paper in front
of the object being imaged.

Click on one of the four Bayer pixel alignment patterns to match the camera (best color before
calibration). Typically the CamExpert default is correct for a majority of cameras.

Adjust the lens iris to reduce the exposure brightness so that the white image area is now darker.
Make certain that no pixel in the white area is saturated.

Using the mouse left button, click and drag a ROI enclosing a portion of the white area.

Click on the Auto White Balance button. CamExpert will make RGB gain adjustments.

Open the camera iris to have a correctly exposed image.

Review the image for color balance.

Manually make additional adjustments to the RGB gain values. Fine tune the color balance to
achieve best results. Adjust the gamma factor to additionally improve the display.

Stop the live acquisition and save camera file (which now contains the Bayer RGB calibration
information). Note that the gamma factor is not save because it is not a Sapera parameter but
only a display tool.
Using the Bayer Filter
A Sapera application, when loading the camera file parameters, will have the RGB gain adjustment
values. The application can provide the calibration window to make RGB adjustments as required.
46  CamExpert Quick Start
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Sapera Demo Applications
Grab Demo Overview
Program
Start•Programs•Teledyne DALSA •Sapera LT•Demos•Frame Grabbers•Grab
Demo
Program file
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\GrabDemo\Release\GrabDemo.exe
Workspace
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos.dsw
.NET Solution
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos_2003.sln
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos_2005.sln
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos_2008.sln
Description
This program demonstrates the basic acquisition functions included in the Sapera
library. The program allows you to acquire images, either in continuous or in one-shot
mode, while adjusting the acquisition parameters. The program code may be extracted
for use within your own application.
Remarks
This demo is built using Visual C++ 6.0. It is based on Sapera C++ classes. See the
Sapera User’s and Reference manuals for more information.
Using the Grab Demo
Server Selection
Run the grab demo from the start menu Start•All Programs•Teledyne DALSA•Sapera
LT•Demos•Frame Grabbers•Grab Demo.
The demo program first displays the acquisition configuration menu. The first drop menu displayed
permits selecting from any installed Sapera acquisition servers (installed Teledyne DALSA acquisition
hardware using Sapera drivers). The second drop menu permits selecting from the available input devices
present on the selected server.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Sapera Demo Applications  47
CCF File Selection
The acquisition configuration menu is also used to select the required camera configuration file for the
connected camera. Sapera camera files contain timing parameters and video conditioning parameters. The
default folder for camera configuration files is also used by the CamExpert utility to save user generated
or modified camera files.
Use the Sapera CamExpert utility program to generate the camera configuration file based on timing and
control parameters entered. The CamExpert live acquisition window allows immediate verification of
those parameters. CamExpert reads both Sapera *.cca and *.cvi for backward compatibility with the
original Sapera camera files.
Grab Demo Main Window
The Grab Demo program provides basic acquisition control for the selected frame grabber. Frame buffer
defaults are defined by the loaded camera file (.ccf).
Refer to the Sapera LT User's Manual (OC-SAPM-USER), in section "Demos and Examples – Acquiring
with Grab Demo", for more information on the Grab Demo.
48  Sapera Demo Applications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Flat-Field Demo Overview
Program
Start•Programs•Teledyne DALSA•Sapera LT•Demos•Frame Grabbers•Flat Field
Demo
Program file
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\FlatFieldDemo\Release\FlatfieldDemo.exe
Workspace
…\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos.dsw
Description
This program demonstrates Flat Field or Flat Line processing, either performed by
supporting Teledyne DALSA hardware or performed on the host system via the
Sapera library. The program allows you to acquire a flat field or flat line reference
image, and then do real time correction either in continuous or single acquisition
mode. The program code may be extracted for use within your own application.
Remarks
This demo is built using Visual C++ 6.0. It is based on Sapera C++ classes. See the
Sapera User’s and Reference manuals for more information.
Using the Flat Field Demo
Refer to the Sapera LT User's Manual (OC-SAPM-USER), in section "Using the Flat Field Demo", for
more information.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Sapera Demo Applications  49
50  Sapera Demo Applications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
Reference
Full Block Diagram
MDR26 #1
Twisted Pairs
24
Data &
Grab Controls
2
CLK
CameraLink
Receiver
CC1
CC2
CC3
CC4
LVDS
Drivers and
Receiver
TX
RX
UART #1
4
Twisted Pairs
Twisted Pairs
Data &
Grab Controls
Frame Buffer and
DMA table Memory
(128 MB)
TX
RX
Time Base
MDR26 #2
Data &
Grab Controls
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK
4
4
24
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK
24
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK
CameraLink
Receiver
2
CLK
ACU-Plus
4
CLK
2
CameraLink
Receiver
LEDs
Indicators
Data
Status Indicator 1
Camera On/Grab On
Data
Status Indicator 2
Camera On/Grab On
DTE
Data-Transfer-Engine
with OLUT
Aux. Slot
Dual Strobe
TTL
Opto-coupled
Dual Shaft Encoder
Dual Trigger In
Opto-coupled
Quad general Inputs
Opto-coupled
Quad general Outputs
Opto-coupled
I/O Controller
Power Out
1.5A/reset
Data
12V
5V
Control
Control
Power Gnd
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
Simplified Block Diagram
PCI Express X4 Controller
Host PCI Express X4 (or greater) Slot
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  51
Acquisition Timing
DATA
last8
first7
PCLK2
Pixel Clock Range: 20 MHz up to 85 MHz
LVAL/FVAL setup time 1: Minimum 15ns
LVAL3
(Hsync)
Min/Max9
FVAL
(Vsync)
HB5
Min/Max4,9
VB6

1
The setup times for LVAL and FVAL are the same. Both must be high and stable before the rising edge of
the Pixel Clock.

2
Pixel Clock must always be present.

3
LVAL must be active high to acquire camera data.

4
Minimum of 1.

5
HB - Horizontal Blanking:
Minimum:
Maximum:

7

8

9

1 clock cycle
no limits
6
VB - Vertical Blanking:
Minimum:
Maximum:
1 line
no limits
First Active Pixel (unless otherwise specified in the CCA file – "Horizontal Back invalid = x" where ‘x’
defines the number of pixels to be skipped).
Last Active Pixel – defined in the CCA file under "Horizontal active = y" – where ‘y’ is the total number
of active pixels per tap.
Maximum Valid Data:

8-bits/pixel x 256K Pixels/line (LVAL)

16-bits/pixel x 128K Pixels/line (LVAL)

32-bits/pixel x 64K Pixels/line (LVAL)

64-bits/pixel x 32K Pixels/line (LVAL)

16 Millions lines (FVAL)
52  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Line Trigger Source Selection for Linescan
Applications
Linescan imaging applications require some form of external event trigger to synchronize linescan
camera exposures to the moving object. This synchronization signal is either an external trigger source
(one exposure per trigger event) or a shaft encoder source composed of a single or dual phase
(quadrature) signal.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 shaft encoder inputs provide additional functionality with pulse drop, pulse
multiply, and pulse direction support, along with error trapping event notifications such as “External Line
Trigger Too Fast” (see Supported Events and Transfer Methods).
The following table describes the line trigger source types supported by the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. Refer
to the Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual (OC-SAPM-APR00) for descriptions of the
Sapera parameters.
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE
Full description relative to trigger type and X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 configuration used:
PRM
Value
0
1
2
3, 5, 6, 7
4
Configuration &
input used
External Line Trigger
Signal used
External Shaft Encoder
Signal used
if
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_
TRIGGER_ENABLE = true
if
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_
ENCODER_ENABLE =true
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Full - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Full - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Full - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Dual - Camera #1
Dual - Camera #1
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual - Camera #2
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Full - Camera #1
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual-Camera #1
Dual-Camera #2
Full-Camera #1
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  53
See "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 93 for shaft encoder input connector details.
CVI/CCF File Parameters Used



External Line Trigger Source = prm value
External Line Trigger Enable = true/false
Shaft Encoder Enable = true/false
Shaft Encoder Interface Timing
Connector J4, Dual Balanced Shaft Encoder Inputs:

Input 1: Pin 23 (Phase A +) & Pin 24 (Phase A -)
(see "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 93 for complete connector signal details)

Input 2: Pin 25 (Phase B +) & Pin 26 (Phase B -)

See “External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly” on page 99 for pinout information about
the DB37 used for external connections.
Web inspection systems with variable web speeds typically provide one or two synchronization signals
from a web mounted encoder to coordinate trigger signals. These trigger signals are used by the
acquisition linescan camera. The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supports single or dual shaft encoder signals.
Dual encoder signals are typically 90 degrees out of phase relative to each other and provide greater web
motion resolution.
Example using any Encoder Input with Pulse-drop Counter
When enabled, the camera is triggered and acquires one scan line for each shaft encoder pulse edge. To
optimize the web application, a second Sapera parameter defines the number of triggers to skip between
valid acquisition triggers. The figure below depicts a system where a valid camera trigger is any pulse
edge from either shaft encoder signal. After a trigger the two following triggers are ignored (as defined by
the Sapera pulse drop parameter).
K = Keep
D = Drop or Skip
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
Shaft Encoder phase A
Shaft Encoder phase B
Line acquired
Note: in this example, Number of trigger to drop = 2
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Example using Sequential Encoder Input
Support of a dual phase encoder should consider the direction of motion of one phase signal to the other.
Such a case might exist where system vibrations and/or conveyor backlash can cause the encoder to
briefly travel backwards. The acquisition device must in those cases count the reverse steps and subtract
the forward steps such that only pulses after the reverse count reaches zero are considered. By using the
event “Shaft Encoder Reverse Counter Overflow”, an application can monitor an overflow of this
counter. Also, if one wants to trigger a camera at its maximum line rate using a high jitter shaft encoder,
the parameter CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_AUTO_DELAY can be used to delay automatically
line triggers to the camera to avoid over-triggering a camera, and thus not miss a line. Note that some
cameras integrate this feature. See also the event “Line Trigger Too Fast” that can be enabled when using
the ‘auto delay’ feature.
The example figure below shows shaft encoder signals with high jitter. If the acquisition is triggered
when phase B follows phase A, with jitter present phase B may precede phase A. Use of the Shaft
Encoder Direction parameter will prevent false trigger conditions.
Figure 3: Using Shaft Encoder Direction Parameter
Note that camera file parameters are best modified by using the Sapera CamExpert program.
CVI/CCF File Parameters Used
Shaft Encoder Enable = X, where:


If X = 1, Shaft Encoder is enabled
If X = 0, Shaft Encoder is disabled
Shaft Encoder Pulse Drop = X, where:

X = number of trigger pulses ignored between valid triggers
Shaft Encoder Pulse Multiply = X, where:

X = number of trigger pulses generated for each shaft encoder pulses
Shaft Encoder Direction = X, where:



X = 0, Ignore direction
X = 1, Forward steps are detected by pulse order A/B (forward motion)
X = 2, Forward steps are detected by pulse order B/A (reverse motion)
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  55
Note: The Multiply operation is done first, followed by the drop operation.
For information on camera configuration files see the Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual
(OC-SAPM-APR00).
Virtual Frame Trigger for Lines Scan Cameras
When using line scan cameras a frame buffer is allocated in host system memory to store captured video
lines. To control when a video line is stored as the first line in this “virtual” frame buffer, an external
frame trigger signal is used. The number of lines sequentially grabbed and stored in the virtual frame
buffer is controlled by the Sapera vertical cropping parameter.
Virtual Frame Trigger Timing Diagram
The following timing diagram shows an example of grabbing 10 video lines from a line scan camera and
the use of a virtual frame trigger to define when a video line is stored at the beginning of the virtual frame
buffer. The virtual frame trigger signal (generated by some external event) is input on the X64 XceleraCL PX4 trigger input.

Virtual frame trigger can be 24V industry standard, TTL 5V or RS-422 and be rising or falling
edge active, active high or low, or double pulse rising or falling edge.

Virtual frame trigger control is configured for rising edge trigger in this example.

Virtual frame trigger connects to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 via the External Trigger Input 1 & 2
balanced inputs:
o Trigger Input #1 on connector J4 pin 19 (+) and 20 (-).
o Trigger Input #2 on connector J4 pin 21 (+) and 22 (-).


Two types of external connector brackets are available to bring out signals from the J4
connector.
Camera control signals are active at all times. These continually trigger the camera acquisition in
order to avoid corrupted video lines at the beginning of a virtual frame.

The camera control signals are either based on timing controls input on one or both X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 shaft encoder inputs (see “J4: External Signals Connector ” on page 93 pinout)
or line triggers generated internally by the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.

The number of lines captured is specified by the Sapera vertical cropping parameter.
56  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Synchronization Signals for a Virtual Frame of 10 Lines.
The following timing diagram shows the relationship between external Frame_Reset input, external Shaft
Encoder input (one phase used with the second terminated), and EXSYNC out to the camera.
Virtual Frame
Trigger
In
Shaft Encoder
In
Camera
Control
Out
LVAL
In
Video Line
In
10 Lines
Acquired
n Lines
Ignored
Notes: • In this example -- 10 lines are acquired
• The Maximum frame rate = Max. Line Rate / nb lines (Hz)
• In / Out signal reference is relative to frame grabber
CVI File (VIC) Parameters Used
The VIC parameters listed below provide the control functionality for virtual frame reset. Applications
either load pre-configured .cvi files or change VIC parameters directly during runtime.
Note that camera file parameters are best modified by using the Sapera CamExpert program.
External Frame Trigger Enable = X, where:


(with Virtual Frame Trigger enabled)
If X = 1, External Frame Trigger is enabled
If X = 0, External Frame Trigger is disabled
External Frame Trigger Detection = Y, where:
(with Virtual Frame Trigger edge select)

If Y= 1, External Frame Trigger is active low

If Y= 2, External Frame Trigger is active high

If Y= 4, External Frame Trigger is active on rising edge

If Y= 8, External Frame Trigger is active on falling edge

If Y= 32, External Frame Trigger is dual-input rising edge

If Y= 64, External Frame Trigger is dual-input falling edge

External Frame Trigger Level = Z, where:

(with Virtual Frame Trigger signal type)
If Z= 2, External Frame Trigger is a RS-422 signal
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  57
For information on camera files see the Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual (OC-SAPMAPR00).
Acquisition Methods
Sapera acquisition methods define the control and timing of the camera and frame grabber board. Various
methods are available, grouped as:

Camera Trigger Methods (method 1 and 2supported)

Camera Reset Methods (method 1 supported)

Line Integration Methods (method 1 through 4, 7 supported)

Time Integration Methods (method 1 through 9 supported)

Strobe Methods (method 1 through 4 supported)
Refer to the Sapera LT Acquisition Parameters Reference manual (OC-SAPM-APR00) for detailed
information concerning camera and acquisition control methods.
Trigger to Image Reliability
Trigger-to-image reliability incorporates all stages of image acquisition inside an integrated controller to
increase reliability and simplify error recovery. The trigger-to-image reliability model brings together all
the requirements for image acquisition to a central management unit. These include signals to control
camera timing, on-board frame buffer memory to compensate for PCI bus latency, and comprehensive
error notification. If the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 detects a problem, the application can take appropriate
action to return to normal operation.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 is designed with a robust ACU (Acquisition and Control Unit). The ACU
monitors in real-time, the acquisition state of the input plus the DTE (Data Transfer Engine) which
transfers image data from on-board memory into PC memory. In general, these management processes
are transparent to end-user applications. With the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4, applications ensure trigger-toimage reliability by monitoring events and controlling transfer methods as described below:
58  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Supported Events and Transfer Methods
Listed below are the supported acquisition and transfer events. Event monitoring is a major component to
the Trigger-to-Image Reliability framework.
Acquisition Events
Acquisition events are related to the acquisition module. They provide feedback on the image capture
phase.

External Trigger (Used/Ignored)
Generated when the external trigger pin is asserted, usually indicating the start of the acquisition
process. There are 2 types of external trigger events: ‘Used’ or ‘Ignored’. Following an external
trigger, if the event generates a captured image, an External Trigger Used event will be
generated (CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER).
If there is no captured image, an External Trigger Ignored event will be generated
(CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER_IGNORED). An external trigger
event will be ignored if the rate at which the events are received are higher than the possible
frame rate of the camera.

Start of Frame
Event generated, during acquisition, when the connected sensor video frame start is detected by
the board acquisition hardware. The Sapera event value is
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME.

End of Frame
Event generated, during acquisition, when the connected sensor video frame end is detected by
the board acquisition hardware. The Sapera event value is
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME.

Data Overflow
The Data Overflow event indicates that there is not enough bandwidth for the acquired data to be
transferred without loss. This is usually caused by limitations of the acquisition module and
should never occur.
The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_DATA_OVERFLOW.

Frame Valid
Event generated when the connected sensor video frame start is detected by the board acquisition
hardware. Acquisition does not need to be started, therefore this event can verify a valid signal is
connected. The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_SYNC.

Pixel Clock (Present/Absent)
Event generated on the transition from detecting or not detecting a pixel clock signal. The Sapera
event values are CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_NO_PIXEL_CLK and
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_PIXEL_CLK.

Frame Lost
The Frame Lost event indicates that an acquired image could not be transferred to on-board
memory. An example of this case would be if there are no free on-board buffers available for the
new image. This may be the case if the image transfer from onboard buffers to host PC memory
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  59




cannot be sustained due to bus bandwidth issues.
The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_FRAME_LOST.
Vertical Timeout
This event indicates a timeout situation where a camera fails to output a video frame after a
trigger. The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT.
External Line Trigger Too Slow
Event which indicates that the detected shaft encoder input tick rate is too slow for the device to
take into account the specified shaft encoder multiplier value. The Sapera event value is
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_TOO_SLOW.
Line Trigger Too Fast
Event which indicates a previous line-trigger did not generate a complete video line from the
camera. Note that due to jitter associated with using shaft encoders, the acquisition device can
delay a line trigger if a previous line has not yet completed. This event is generated if a second
line trigger comes in while the previous one is still pending. This event is generated once per
virtual frame. The Sapera event value is
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_LINE_TRIGGER_TOO_FAST.
Shaft Encoder Reverse Count Overflow
Event which indicates that the shaft encoder has travelled in the opposite direction expected and
that the number of pulses encountered during that travel has exceeded the acquisition device
counter. The acquisition device will thus not be able to skip the appropriate number of pulses
when the expected direction is detected. The Sapera event value is
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_SHAFT_ENCODER_REVERSE_COUNT_OVERFLOW
Transfer Events
Transfer events are the ones related to the transfer module. Transfer events provide feedback on image
transfer from onboard memory frame buffers to PC memory frame buffers.

Start of Frame
The Start of Frame event is generated when the first image pixel is transferred from onboard
memory into PC memory.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME.

End of Frame
The End of Frame event is generated when the last image pixel is transferred from onboard
memory into PC memory.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME.

End of Line
The End of Line event is generated after a video line is transferred to a PC buffer.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_LINE.

End of N Lines
The End of N Lines event is generated after a set number of video lines are transferred to a PC
buffer. The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_NLINES.

End of Transfer
The End of Transfer event is generated at the completion of the last image being transferred
from onboard memory into PC memory. To complete a transfer, a stop must be issued to the
transfer module (if transfers are already in progress). If a transfer of a fixed number of frames
60  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
was requested, the transfer module will stop transfers automatically. The Sapera event value is
CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_TRANSFER.
Trigger Signal Validity
The ACU ignores external trigger signal noise with its programmable debounce control. Program the
debounce parameter for the minimum pulse duration considered as a valid external trigger pulse. Refer to
“Note 3: External Trigger Input Specifications” on page 95 for more information.
Supported Transfer Cycling Methods
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supports the following transfer modes, which are either synchronous or
asynchronous. These definitions are from the Sapera Basic Reference manual.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_SYNCHRONOUS_WITH_TRASH
Before cycling to the next buffer in the list, the transfer device will check the next buffer's state.
If its state is full, the transfer will be done in the trash buffer, which is defined as the last buffer
in the list; otherwise, it will occur in the next buffer. After a transfer to the trash buffer is done,
the transfer device will check again the state of the next buffer. If it is empty, it will transfer to
this buffer otherwise it will transfer again to the trash buffer.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_SYNCHRONOUS_NEXT_EMPTY_WITH_TRASH
Before cycling to the next buffer in the list, the transfer device will check the next buffer's state.
If its state is full, the next buffer will be skipped, and the transfer will be done in the trash buffer,
which is defined as the last buffer in the list; otherwise it will occur in the next buffer. After a
transfer to the trash is done, the transfer device will check the next buffer in the list, if its state is
empty, it will transfer to this buffer otherwise it will skip it, and transfer again to the trash buffer.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_ASYNCHRONOUS
The transfer device cycles through all buffers in the list without concern about the buffer state.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  61
Output LUT Availability
The following table defines the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Output LUT (look up tables) availability. Note that
unsupported modes are not listed.
Number of
Digital Bits
Number
of Taps
Full
Number of Number of
Taps
Taps
Medium
Dual Base
8
8
4
8
8
4
Output Pixel
Format
LUT
Format
3
MONO 8
8-in, 8-out
3
MONO 16
Notes
Not
Supported
8
10
-
-
MONO 8
8-in, 8-out
10
4
2
2
MONO 8
10-in, 8-out
10
4
2
2
MONO 16
10-in, 10-out
10 bits in 10
LSBs of 16bit
12
4
2
2
MONO 8
12-in, 8-out
8 MSB
12
4
2
2
MONO 16
12-in, 12-out
12 bits in 12
LSBs of 16bit
14
1
1
1
MONO 8
Not
Supported
14
1
1
1
MONO 16
Not
Supported
16
1
1
1
MONO 8
Not
Supported
16
1
1
1
MONO 16
Not
Supported
8 x 3 (RGB)
2
1
1
RGB8888
8 x 3 (RGB)
1
1
1
RGB101010
RGB16161616
10 x 3 (RGB)
1
1
-
RGB8888
RGB101010
RGB16161616
10-in, 8-out
10-in, 10-out
10-in, 10-out
Medium or
Full
12 x 3 (RGB)
1
1
-
RGB8888
RGB101010
RGB16161616
12-in, 8-out
12-in, 10-out
12-in, 12-out
Medium or
Full
62  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
3 x 8 bit
Not
Supported
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Supporting Non-Standard CameraLink Cameras
Firmware: Full with Bayer Decoder Method 6
This firmware has been designed to support the Bayer Decoder Method 6. This method is required to
decode the output of the Basler Sprint SPL8192 in enhanced mode. Since this is a line scan camera, the
frame valid signal is used to indicate which 2 consecutive lines go together to convert the Bayer pixels
into RGB pixels. Further more, the parameter CORACQ_PRM_FIELD_ORDER is used to determine
which line will be considered the 1st one out of the 2 lines within a frame valid. In the specific case of the
Basler Sprint SPL8192 camera, the 2 lines within a frame valid must be considered the 1st one, therefore
the parameter CORACQ_PRM_FIELD_ORDER must take the value
CORACQ_VAL_FIELD_ORDER_FVAL_LINE2 (=0x10).
The provided B_Sprint_8192x3600_8Taps_Enhance.ccf provides a starting point to acquire from this
camera, with the following parameters.

Supports up to 8-tap cameras

Bayer Decoder Method 6 used on cameras such as Basler Sprint SPL8192

Frame Valid is used to indicate the beginning of a 2 line sequence from a line scan camera.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Supported Parameters
The tables below describe the Sapera capabilities supported by the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. Unless
specified, each capability applies to both boards or all mode configurations and all acquisition modes.
The information here is subject to change. Capabilities should be verified by the application because new
board driver releases may change product specifications.
Specifically the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 family is described in Sapera as:

Board Server: Xcelera-CL_PX4_1

Acquisition Module: dependent on firmware used
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  63
Camera Related Capabilities
Capability
Values
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_TYPE
CORACQ_VAL_CONNECTOR_TYPE_CAMLINK (0x2)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK
(Pin – 01, Pin – 02, Pin – 03)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE0 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE1 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_GND (0x4000)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK (Pin – 04)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
Table 1: Camera Related Capabilities
Camera Related Parameters
Parameter
CORACQ_PRM_CHANNEL
Values
Medium/Full Mono
Base/Medium RGB
Bayer/ 10-taps
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNEL_SINGLE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNEL_DUAL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNEL_SINGLE (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_PROGRESSIVE (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_INTERFACE
CORACQ_VAL_INTERFACE_DIGITAL (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_SCAN
CORACQ_VAL_SCAN_AREA (0x1)
Bayer not supported
EXCEPT Bayer Method 6
CORACQ_PRM_SIGNAL
CORACQ_VAL_SCAN_LINE (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_DIFFERENTIAL (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_VIDEO
Mono/Bayer
color RGB
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_DEPTH
mono
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_MONO (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_RGB (0x8)
8 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
10 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO10
10 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
12 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO12
12 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
14 bits, # LUT = 0, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO14
16 bits, # LUT = 0, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO16
color RGB
8 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
10 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI10
12 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI12
Bayer
8 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
10 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI10
12 bits, # LUT = 0, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI10
Bayer Method 6
10-taps
8 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
8 bits, # LUT = 1, LUT format = CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
CORACQ_PRM_VIDEO_STD
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_STD_NON_STD (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_FIELD_ORDER
CORACQ_VAL_FIELD_ORDER_NEXT_FIELD (0x4)
for Bayer Method 6
64  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
CORACQ_VAL_FIELD_ORDER_FVAL_LINE2 (0x10)
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_HACTIVE
mono/color RGB
Bayer
min = 1 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
min = 1 pixel
max = 8192 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC
min = 4 pixel
max = 4294967295 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_VACTIVE
min = 1 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC
min = 0 line
max = 4294967295 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_HFRONT_INVALID
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_HBACK_INVALID
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_VFRONT_INVALID
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_VBACK_INVALID
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_SRC
CORACQ_VAL_PIXEL_CLK_SRC_EXT (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_EXT
min = 20000000 Hz
max = 85000000 Hz
step = 1 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_SYNC
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_SEP_SYNC (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_5 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_6 (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_7 (0x40)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_8 (0x80)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_9 (0x100)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_RESET_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
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X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  65
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_DURATION
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_NAME
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
mono
color RGB
Bayer
Bayer Method 6
10-taps
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD
Default Area Scan 1 tap Mono
Default Area Scan 1 tap Color
Default Bayer Area Scan 1 tap Color
Default Bayer Line Scan 8 taps parallel Color
Default Area Scan 10 taps Parallel Mono
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_7 (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_TRIGGER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TAPS
min = 1 tap, max = 8 taps, step = 1 tap
min = 1 tap, max = 4 taps, step = 1 tap
min = 1 tap, max = 3 taps, step = 1 tap
min = 1 tap, max = 6 taps, step = 1 tap
min = 10 taps, max = 10 taps, step = 1 tap
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_OUTPUT
Full mono/Bayer
color RGB
Base Bayer/Medium RGB
Medium Bayer
10-taps
Medium/Full mono / Bayer
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_ALTERNATE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_SEGMENTED (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_PARALLEL (0x4)
color RGB
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_ALTERNATE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_SEGMENTED (0x2)
10-taps
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_PARALLEL (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_1_DIRECTION
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_2_DIRECTION
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_3_DIRECTION
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
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CORACQ_PRM_TAP_4_DIRECTION
Full mono
medium color RGB
Full/Medium bayer only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_5_DIRECTION
Full mono
Full/Medium bayer only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_6_DIRECTION
Full mono
Full/Medium bayer only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_7_DIRECTION
Full mono/bayer only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_8_DIRECTION
Full mono/bayer only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_CHANNELS_ORDER
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNELS_ORDER_NORMAL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNELS_ORDER_REVERSE (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MIN
1 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MAX
16777215 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION_MIN
1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION_MAX
4294967294 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_IO_CONTROL (*)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
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CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAMLINK_CONFIGURAT
ION
Full Mono/Full
Bayer
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_MEDIUM (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_FULL (0x4)
Medium Mono
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_MEDIUM (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_2BASE (0x8)
medium color
RGB/medium
Bayer
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_MEDIUM (0x2)
Base Bayer
10-taps
CORACQ_PRM_DATA_VALID_ENABLE
Mono
10 taps
CORACQ_PRM_DATA_VALID_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_10TAPS_FORMAT2
(0x40)
TRUE
FALSE
Not available
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_9_DIRECTION
10-taps only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_10_DIRECTION
10-taps only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TIMESLOT
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10-taps
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_1 (0x1)
Others
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_2 (0x2)
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_ALIGNMENT
mono, color RGB
Not available
Bayer
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_GB_RG (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_BG_GR (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_RG_GB (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_GR_BG (0x8)
Bayer Method 6
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_GB_RG (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_RG_GB (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_CONTROL_DURING_READOUT
TRUE
FALSE
Table 2: Camera Related Parameters
VIC Related Parameters
Parameter
CORACQ_PRM_CAMSEL
Values
Mono/Bayer
color RGB
CAMSEL_MONO = from 0 to 0
CAMSEL_RGB = from 0 to 0
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_LEFT
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 16 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_TOP
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
step = 2 lines (Bayer)
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_WIDTH
min = 16 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 16 pixel
step = 2 (color RGB)
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_HEIGHT
min = 1 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_DECIMATE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_DECIMATE_DISABLE (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_NUMBER
Default = 0
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
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X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  69
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_OUTPUT_FORMAT
mono
color RGB
Bayer
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO8
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO16
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB8888
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB101010
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB16161616
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB8888
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB101010
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO8
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO16
CORACQ_VAL_EXT_TRIGGER_OFF (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_EXT_TRIGGER_ON (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_VIC_NAME
Mono
Default Area Scan 1 tap Mono
Color RGB
Default Area Scan 1 tap Color
Bayer
Bayer Method 6
10-taps
Default Bayer Area Scan 1 tap Color
Default Bayer Line Scan 8 taps Parallel Color
Default Area Scan 10 taps Parallel Mono
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_MAX
1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_FALLING_EDGE (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_FORMAT
mono
color RGB
bayer
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO8
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB16161616
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO16
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC_REF
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_REF_END (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC_REF
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_REF_END (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_DURATION
min = 1 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_FALLING_EDGE (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE_PULSE_RISING_EDGE (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE_PULSE_FALLING_EDGE (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
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CORACQ_PRM_SNAP_COUNT
min = 1 frame
max = 65535 frame
step = 1 frame
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ
Default = 5000 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_BIT_ORDERING
CORACQ_VAL_BIT_ORDERING_STD (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MIN
245 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MAX
500000 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_MASTER_MODE
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP
min = 0 tick
max = 255 tick
step = 1 tick
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_FRAME_COUNT
min = 1 frame
max = 65534 frame
step = 1 frame
CORACQ_PRM_INT_FRAME_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_INT_FRAME_TRIGGER_FREQ
min = 1 milli-Hz
max = 1073741823 milli-Hz
step = 1 milli-Hz
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY_2
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_LENGTH
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_LENGTH_FIX (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_LENGTH_VARIABLE (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_FLIP
mono
10 taps/Bayer
CORACQ_VAL_FLIP_OFF (0x00)
CORACQ_VAL_FLIP_HORZ (0x01)
Not Available
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 255 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 0 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 4294967294 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
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CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_SOURCE (*)
min = 0
max = 5
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE (*)
min = 0
max = 7
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE (*)
min = 0
max = 5
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_MULTIPLY
min = 1
max = 32
step = (2**N)
CORACQ_PRM_PLANAR_INPUT_SOURCES
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0
max = 4294967294
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DELAY_TIME_BASE
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_BASE_US (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_BASE_LINE (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_BASE_LINE_TRIGGER (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_BASE_SHAFT_ENCODER (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_ENABLE
Full
Bayer
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_METHOD
Full
Bayer
Bayer
Method 6
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN
Full
Bayer
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN_RED
Full
Bayer
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN_GREEN
Full
Bayer
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN_BLUE
Full
Bayer
Not available (mono or color RGB)
TRUE / FALSE
Not available (mono or color RGB)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_DECODER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_DECODER_METHOD_6 (0x20)
Not available (mono or color RGB)
min = 100000
max = 899609
step = 1
Not available (mono or color RGB)
min = 100000
max = 499609
step = 1
Not available (mono or color RGB)
min = 100000
max = 499609
step = 1
Not available (mono or color RGB)
min = 100000
max = 899609
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_IGNORE_DELAY
min = 0
max = 65535000
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
[0] = Automatic
[1] = From External Trigger #1
[2] = From External Trigger #2
[3] = From Board Sync
[4] = To Board Sync
[5] = Pulse to Board Sync
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CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
[0] = Automatic
[1] = From Shaft Encoder Phase A
[2] = From Shaft Encoder Phase B
[3] = From Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
[4] = From Board Sync
[5] = To Board Sync
[6] = Pulse to Board Sync
[7] = To Board Sync When Grabbing
CORACQ_PRM_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT_DELAY
min = 0
max = 16383000
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_
FACTOR
Bayer
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_
WEIGHT_RED
Bayer
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_
WEIGHT_GREEN
Bayer
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_
WEIGHT_BLUE
Bayer
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_POCL_ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_SOURCE (*)
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_SOURCE_STR
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DIRECTION
CORACQ_VAL_SHAFT_ENCODER_DIRECTION_IGNORE
(0x00)
CORACQ_VAL_SHAFT_ENCODER_DIRECTION_FORWARD
(0x01)
CORACQ_VAL_SHAFT_ENCODER_DIRECTION_REVERSE
(0x02)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_AUTO_DELAY
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_TRIGGER_AUTO_DELAY_DISABLE
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_TRIGGER_AUTO_DELAY_FREQ_MAX
Table 3: VIC Related Parameters
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X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  73
ACQ Related Parameters
Parameter
Values
CORACQ_PRM_LABEL
Full mono
Medium mono
color RGB
Full/Medium Bayer
10 taps
CameraLink Full Mono #1
CameraLink Medium Mono #1
CameraLink Medium Color RGB #1
CameraLink Bayer #1
CameraLink 10 Taps Parallel Mono #1
Dual mono
CameraLink Base Mono #1
CameraLink Base Mono #2
Dual Bayer
CameraLink Bayer #1
CameraLink Bayer #2
CORACQ_PRM_EVENT_TYPE
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_SYNC
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_NO_PIXEL_CLK
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_PIXEL_CLK
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_FRAME_LOST
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_DATA_OVERFLOW
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER_IGNORED
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_TOO_SLOW
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_LINE_TRIGGER_TOO_FAST
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_SHAFT_ENCODER_REVERSE_COUNT_O
VERFLOW
CORACQ_PRM_SIGNAL_STATUS
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_HSYNC_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_VSYNC_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_PIXEL_CLK_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_POWER_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_POCL_ACTIVE
CORACQ_PRM_FLAT_FIELD_SELECT
0
CORACQ_PRM_FLAT_FIELD_
ENABLE
TRUE
FALSE
Medium/Full Mono/10
taps
color RGB/Bayer
Not Available
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_OFFSET
min = 0
max = 255
step = 1
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_GAIN
min = 1
max = 255
step = 1
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_GAIN_DIVISOR
0x80
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_PIXEL_REPLACEMENT
TRUE: *Pixel replacement is usually done by averaging the 2 neighborhood
pixels. When one of the neighbors is not available (border image pixels, and
border internal packet pixels), the pixel is simply replaced with the available
neighbor.
CORACQ_CAP_SERIAL_PORT_INDEX
Supported
74  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Windows Embedded 7 Installation
Windows Embedded 7 is not officially supported by Teledyne DALSA due to the number of possible
configurations. However, Sapera LT and other Teledyne DALSA products should function properly on
the Windows Embedded 7 platform provided that the required components are installed.
Teledyne DALSA provides answer files (.xml) for use during Windows Embedded 7 installation that
install all necessary components for running Sapera LT 32-bit or 64-bit versions (SDK or Runtime),
Sapera Processing 32-bit or 64-bit versions (SDK or Runtime), and Teledyne DALSA framegrabbers.
For each platform (32 or 64-bit), the answer file provided is:
 SaperaFrameGrabbers.xml:
Configuration for Sapera LT, Sapera Processing and Teledyne DALSA framegrabbers
The file is located in the following directory dependent on the platform used:
<Install Directory>\Sapera\Install\Win7_Embedded\Win32
<Install Directory>\Sapera\Install\Win7_Embedded\Win64
The OS footprint for these configurations is less than 1 GB. Alternatively, the Windows Thin Client
configuration template provided by Microsoft in the Windows Embedded 7 installation also provides the
necessary dependencies for Sapera LT, and Teledyne DALSA framegrabbers (with an OS footprint of
approximately 1.5 GB).
If you are installing other applications on the Windows Embedded 7 platform, it is recommended that you
verify which components are required, and if necessary, create a corresponding “Answer File”.
For more information on performing dependency analysis to enable your application on Windows
Embedded 7, refer to the Microsoft Windows Embedded 7 documentation.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference  75
76  X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Reference
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Sapera Servers & Resources
Servers and Resources
The following table describes the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Full board
Servers
Resources
Name
Type
Name
Index
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
Acquisition
CameraLink Full Mono
0
Full configuration,
monochrome output, Camera #1
CameraLink Medium Color
RGB #1
1
Medium configuration,
RGB output, Camera #1
Acquisition
CameraLink 10 Tap
Parallel Mono #1
0
Full configuration,
10 Tap Format 2, Camera #1
Acquisition
CameraLink
Bayer #1
0
Base, Medium or Full
configuration,
Bayer Decoder, Camera #1
(default firmware with
FFC)
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
(10 tap firmware)
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
(Bayer firmware)
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Description
Sapera Servers & Resources  77
The following table describes the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dual board
Servers
Resources
Name
Type
Name
Index
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
Acquisition
CameraLink Base Mono 1
0
Base configuration,
monochrome Camera #1
CameraLink Base Mono 2
1
Base configuration,
monochrome Camera #2
CameraLink Base RGB 1
2
Base configuration,
color RGB Camera #1
CameraLink Base RGB 2
3
Base configuration,
color RGB Camera #2
CameraLink Medium
Monochrome 1
0
Medium configuration,
monochrome Camera #1
CameraLink Medium
Color RGB 1
1
Medium configuration,
RGB Camera #1
CameraLink Base
Bayer 1
0
Base or Medium configuration,
Bayer Decoder, Camera #1
CameraLink Base
Bayer 2
1
Base configuration,
Bayer Decoder, Camera #2
CameraLink Medium
Bayer #1
0
Base or Medium configuration,
Bayer Decoder, Camera #1
(default Base firmware
with FFC)
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
Acquisition
(Medium firmware with
FFC)
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
Acquisition
(Bayer Base firmware)
Xcelera-CL_PX4_1
Acquisition
(Bayer Medium firmware)
78  Sapera Servers & Resources
Description
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board Specifications
Digital Video Input & Controls
Input Type
Common Pixel Formats
Tap Format Details
Scanning
Scanning Directions
Resolution
note: these are X64 Xcelera-CL
PX4 maximums, not Camera Link
specifications
Camera Link Specifications Rev 1.2 compliant;
1 Full or 1 Medium or 2 Base
Supports PoCL cameras
CameraLink tap configuration for 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16-bit mono, 24-bit
RGB and Bayer, 30-bit RGB, 36-bit RGB.
1 Tap – 8/10/12/14/16-bit mono
2 Taps – 8/10/12/14/16-bit mono
3 Taps – 8-bit mono
4 Taps – 8/10/12-bit mono
4 Taps – 14/16-bit mono (non-standard)
8 taps – 8-bit mono
10 taps – 8-bit mono (non-standard)
3 taps – 8/10/12-bit RGB
Area scan and Line scan: Progressive, Multi-Tap, Multi-Channel, Tap
reversal, Segmented Tap Configuration, Alternate Tap Configuration
Left to Right, Right to Left, Up-Down, Down-Up
From Top, From Middle, From Bottom
Horizontal Minimum:
8 Pixels per tap (8-bits/pixel)
Horizontal Maximum:
8-bits/pixel x 256K Pixels/line
16-bits/pixel x 128K Pixels/line
32-bits/pixel x 64K Pixels/line
64-bits/pixel x 32K Pixels/line
Vertical Minimum:
1 line
Vertical Maximum:
up to 16,000,000 lines—for area scan sensors
infinite line count—for linescan sensors
Pixel Clock Range
Synchronization Minimums
20 MHz to 85 MHz as follows:
8-bit:
8 taps @ 85 MHz, any tap configuration
10/12/14/16-bit: 4 taps @ 85 MHz, any tap configuration
Horizontal Sync minimum: 1 pixel
Vertical Sync minimum:
Image Buffer
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
1 line
Available with 128 MB
Technical Specifications  79
Bandwidth to Host System
Serial Port
Controls
Approximately 7500MB/s without frame lost.
Supports communication speeds from 9600 to 921600 bps
Compliant with Teledyne DALSA Trigger-to-Image Reliability
framework
Comprehensive event notifications (see "Trigger to Image Reliability" on
page 58)
Timing control logic for EXSYNC, PRIN and strobe signals
Dual independent opto-coupled external trigger inputs programmable as
active high or low (edge or level trigger, where pulse width minimum is
100ns)
External trigger latency less than 1 μsec.
Supports multi-board / multi-camera synchronization
Dual independent TTL Strobe outputs
Quadrature (phase A &B) shaft-encoder inputs for external web
synchronization
(opto-coupler maximum frequency for any shaft encoder input is 200
KHz)
4 opto-coupled general inputs (5V/24V)
4 opto-coupled general outputs
Processing
Dependant on user loaded
firmware configuration
Output Lookup Table
one 8-bit in – 8-bit out
one 10-bit in – 10-bit out
one 12-bit in – 12-bit out
three 8-bit in – 8-bit out (RGB)
See section “Output LUT Availability” (page 62) for details.
Bayer Mosaic Filter:
Hardware Bayer Engine supports one 8, 10 or 12-bit Bayer camera input.
Bayer output format supports 8 or 10-bit RGB/pixel.
Zero host CPU utilization for Bayer conversion.
Flat Field Correction (Shading Correction):
Real-time Flat-line and Flat-field correction.
Compensates for sensor defects such as FPN, PRNU, defective pixels
and variations between pixels due to the light refraction through a lens
(Shading effect).
PRNU (Photo Response Non Uniformity): PRNU is the variation in
response between sensor pixels.
FPN (Fixed Pattern Noise): FPN is the unwanted static variations in
response for all pixels in the image.
80  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Host System Requirements
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dimensions
Approximately 6.5 in. (16.6 cm) wide by 4 in. (10 cm) high.
General System Requirements for the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4

PCI Express x4 slot or x8 slot compatible

On some computers the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 may function installed in a x16 slot. The computer
documentation or direct testing is required.

X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 operates correctly when installed in a multi-processor system (including
Hyper-Threading multi-core processors).
Operating System Support
Windows XP, Windows Vista and Windows 7, either 32-bit or 64-bit
Environment
Ambient Temperature:
10° to 50° C (operation)
0° to 70° C (storage)
Relative Humidity:
5% to 90% non-condensing (operating)
0% to 95% (storage)
Power Requirements
+3.3V:
1.92A (standby)
2.64A (during acquisition)
+12V:
0.72A (standy)
0.81A (during acquisition)
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  81
EMI Certifications
82  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Connector and Switch Locations
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board Layout Drawing
J1
J6
J4
J7
J9
D4
SW1
SW2
D5
SW3
J2000
J8
J2
J10
D1
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
J3
PCIe X4
Connector, Switch, Jumper Description List
The following table lists components on the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board. Detailed information follows
for connectors or switches the end user may have need of.
Location
Description
Location
Description
J2
Camera Link Connector
J6
X-I/O Module Interface
J3
Camera Link Connector
J7
PC power to camera interface.
J4
External Signals connector
J9
Multi Board Sync
D1
Camera/PCIe status LEDs
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
J1, J8,
J10, J2000
SW1, SW2, SW3
D4, D5
Reserved
Configuration micro-switches
Boot-up Status LEDs (refer to text)
Technical Specifications  83
Connector and Switch Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 End Bracket Detail
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4
2
13
1
26
14
Camera Link 1
3M MDR 26 pin female
connector
1
LEDs
13
1
26
14
Camera Link 2
3M MDR 26 pin female
connector
The hardware installation process is completed with the connection of a supported camera to the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 board using Camera Link cables (see “Camera Link Cables” on page 107).

The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board supports a camera with one or two Camera Link MDR-26
connectors (two Base or one Medium – see “Data Port Summary” on page 106 for information
on Camera Link configurations).

Connect the camera to the J1 connector with a Camera Link cable. When using a Medium
camera, connect the second camera connector to J2.
Note: If the camera is powered by the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4, refer to "External Signals Connector Bracket
Assembly" on page 99 for power connections.
Contact Teledyne DALSA or browse our web site www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support for the latest
information on X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 supported cameras.
84  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Configuration Micro-switches
Three sets of 4 switches are used for user configurations not controlled by software. The following figure
is a typical view of each switch set, shown with the individual switch set in the OFF position. Following
the figure, each of the three switch sets is described. Refer to the board component layout for their
positions.
ON
OFF
1
2
3
4
SW1, SW2, SW3 Component View
SW1: General Inputs Signal Switch Point
For each general input, select the threshold voltage detected as a logic high signal. See "Note 1: General
Inputs Specifications" on page 94.
SW1
Switch Number
Assigned to
1
general input 1
2
general input 2
3
general input 3
4
general input 4
OFF Position
Logic Transition at
~2 volts
(preferred for differential
signals)
ON Position
(default)
Logic Transition at
~10 volts
SW2: Trigger Inputs Signal Switch Point
For each trigger input, select the threshold voltage detected as a logic high signal. See "Note 3: External
Trigger Input Specifications" on page 95.
SW2
Switch Number
Assigned to
1
trigger input 1
2
trigger input 2
3
NA
4
NA
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
OFF Position
(default)
Logic Transition at
~2 volts
(preferred for differential
signals)
ON Position
Logic Transition at
~10 volts
Technical Specifications  85
SW3: Normal/Safe Boot Mode & GEN2 Slot Workaround
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 powers up either in its normal state or a 'Safe Boot' mode required to load
firmware under certain conditions. See the notes for SW3-1 following the table for details.
SW3
Switch Number
Assigned to
OFF Position
(default)
ON Position
1
Boot Mode
Normal
Safe
2
GEN2 Slot Workaround
Disable (default)
Active
3
reserved
4
reserved
SW3-1 Boot Mode Details

Normal Mode: Board powers up in the normal operating mode.

Safe Mode: With the computer off, move the switch to the ON position. This mode is required if any
problems occurred while updating firmware. With the switch in the ON position, power on the
computer and update the firmware again. When the update is complete, power off the computer and
move the switch to the OFF position. Power on the computer once again for normal operation. (See
"Recovering from a Firmware Update Error" on page 31).
SW3-2 GEN2 Slot Workaround Details

Normal Mode: Normal operation of the Xcelera-CL PX4.

GEN2 Slot Workaround: In computers with GEN2 slots and the Intel 5400 chipset. there have been
circumstances where the board is not detected properly. This issue is identified by the status LED 2
that keeps on flashing red at boot time. In one example, with a Dell T5400 or T7400 computer, the
following message was displayed by the computer BIOS:
"Alert! Error initializing PCI Express slot”.

Therefore when using such a computer, with the Xcelera SW3-2 in the ON position, the
computer should boot normally and the Xcelera should function. If this is not the case, please
contact "Technical Support" on page 124 with details about your computer.

Note: ECO 4251 is needed for SW3-2 to be functional.
86  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Status LEDs Functional Description
D4 Boot-up status LED
Note: The LED D4 is mounted near the top edge of the board and is visible only with the computer cover
off.
Color
State
Description
Green
Solid
Safe FPGA firmware loaded
Off
-
Normal FPGA firmware loaded
Table 4: D4 Boot-up Status LED
D5 Boot-up status LED
Note: The LED D5 is mounted near the top edge of the board and is visible only with the computer cover
off.
Color
State
Description
Green
Solid
FPGA firmware loaded successfully
Off
-
FPGA firmware not loaded
Table 5: D5 Boot-up Status LED
Camera & PCIe status LED
Status LEDS are mounted between the camera link connectors—visible from the computer exterior.
Status Led 2: indicates error with pixel clock connection or GEN2 slot error
Status LED 1: Camera Link - full, medium, or base
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  87
D1 - LED 1 Status
Color
State
Description
Red
Solid
No Camera #1 pixel clock detected
Green
Solid
Camera #1 pixel clock detected. No line valid detected.
Green
Slow Flashing
~2 Hz
Camera #1 pixel clock and line valid signal detected
Green
Fast Flashing
~16 Hz
Camera #1 acquisition in progress
Table 6: LED 1 Status
D1 - LED 2 Status
Color
State
Description
Red
Solid
No Camera #2 pixel clock detected
Green
Solid
Camera #2 pixel clock detected. No line valid detected.
Green
Slow Flashing
~2 Hz
Camera #2 pixel clock and line valid signal detected
Green
Fast Flashing
~16 Hz
Camera #2 acquisition in progress
Red
Flashing
PCIe Training Issue – Board is not be detected by computer.
Camera pixel clock incorrectly connected to J3 instead of J2
(Medium/Full configuration)
Table 7: LED 2 Status
88  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
J2: Camera Link Connector 1
Name
Pin #
Type
Description
BASE_X0-
25
Input
Neg. Base Data 0
BASE_X0+
12
Input
Pos. Base Data 0
BASE_X1-
24
Input
Neg. Base Data 1
BASE_X1+
11
Input
Pos. Base Data 1
BASE_X2-
23
Input
Neg. Base Data 2
BASE_X2+
10
Input
Pos. Base Data 2
BASE_X3-
21
Input
Neg. Base Data 3
BASE_X3+
8
Input
Pos. Base Data 3
BASE_XCLK-
22
Input
Neg. Base Clock
BASE_XCLK+
9
Input
Pos. Base Clock
SERTC+
20
Output
Pos. Serial Data to Camera
SERTC-
7
Output
Neg. Serial Data to Camera
SERTFG-
19
Input
Neg. Serial Data to Frame Grabber
SERTFG+
6
Input
Pos. Serial Data to Frame Grabber
CC1-
18
Output
Neg. Camera Control 1
CC1+
5
Output
Pos. Camera Control 1
CC2+
17
Output
Pos. Camera Control 2
CC2-
4
Output
Neg. Camera Control 2
CC3-
16
Output
Neg. Camera Control 3
CC3+
3
Output
Pos. Camera Control 3
CC4+
15
Output
Pos. Camera Control 4
CC4-
2
Output
Neg. Camera Control 4
PoCL
1,26
+12 V (see note following this table)
GND
13, 14
Ground
Notes on PoCL support:
 Refer to Sapera’s parameter CORACQ_PRM_POCL_ENABLE to enable PoCL and
CORACQ_PRM_SIGNAL_STATUS/CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_POCL_ACTIVE to verify if the
POCL is active. See also Sapera++ reference parameter SapAcquisition::SignalPoCLActive for the
current state.
 For board driver 1.30 or later, the PoCL state is maintained after a board reset.
 For driver 1.10 or 1.20, PoCL is disabled after every board reset.
 Minimum board ECO levels – Full (#1387-1), Dual (#1420).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  89
J3: Camera Link Connector 2
For X64 Xcelera-CL PX4, Medium and Full Camera Link sources require cables connected to both J2
and J3.
For X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Dual boards, J3 pinout is identical to J2.
Name
Pin #
Type
Description
MEDIUM _X0-
25
Input
Neg. Medium Data 0
MEDIUM _X0+
12
Input
Pos. Medium Data 0
MEDIUM _X1-
24
Input
Neg. Medium Data 1
MEDIUM _X1+
11
Input
Pos. Medium Data 1
MEDIUM _X2-
23
Input
Neg. Medium Data 2
MEDIUM _X2+
10
Input
Pos. Medium Data 2
MEDIUM _X3-
21
Input
Neg. Medium Data 3
MEDIUM _X3+
8
Input
Pos. Medium Data 3
MEDIUM _XCLK-
22
Input
Neg. Medium Clock
MEDIUM _XCLK+
9
Input
Pos. Medium Clock
TERM
20
Term Resistor
TERM
7
Term Resistor
FULL_X0-
19
Input
Neg. Full Data 0
FULL _X0+
6
Input
Pos. Full Data 0
FULL _X1-
18
Input
Neg. Full Data 1
FULL _X1+
5
Input
Pos. Full Data 1
FULL _X2-
17
Input
Neg. Full Data 2
FULL _X2+
4
Input
Pos. Full Data 2
FULL _X3-
15
Input
Neg. Full Data 3
FULL _X3+
2
Input
Pos. Full Data 3
FULL _XCLK-
16
Input
Neg. Full Clock
FULL _XCLK+
3
Input
Pos. Full Clock
GND
1, 13, 14, 26
90  Technical Specifications
Ground
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Camera Link Camera Control Signal Overview
Four LVDS pairs are for general-purpose camera control, defined as camera inputs / frame grabber
outputs by the Camera Link Base camera specification. These controls are on J2 and also on J3 for the
second Base camera input of the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 in two Base configuration.

Camera Control 1 (CC1)

Camera Control 2 (CC2)

Camera Control 3 (CC3)

Camera Control 4 (CC4)
Each camera manufacture is free to define the signals input on any one or all four control signals. These
control signals are used either as camera control pulses or as a static logic state. Control signals not
required by the camera are simply assigned as not used. Refer to your camera's user manual for
information on what control signals are required.
Note 1: The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 pulse controller has a minimum resolution of 100ns us for line trigger
signals, and resolution of 1s for all other signal. When configuring the Camera Link control signals,
such as exposure control, etc. use values in increments of 1 us.
Note 2: The internal line trigger frequency has a 1s resolution.
The X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 can assign any camera control signal to the appropriate Camera Link control.
The following screen shot shows the Sapera CamExpert dialog where Camera Link controls are assigned.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  91
92  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
J4: External Signals Connector
J4 Pin Header Numbering Detail
2
1
4
3
...
...
38
37
40
39
J4 Signal Descriptions
Description
Pin #
Pin #
Description
Ground
1
2
Ground
General Input 1 +
(see note 1)
3
4
General Input 1 -
General Input 2 +
5
6
General Input 2 -
General Input 3 +
7
8
General Input 3 -
General Input 4 +
9
10
General Input 4 -
General Output 1 +
(see note 2)
11
12
General Output 1 -
General Output 2 +
13
14
General Output 2 -
General Output 3 +
15
16
General Output 3 -
General Output 4 +
17
18
General Output 4 -
External Trigger Input 1 +
(see note 3)
19
20
External Trigger Input 1 -
External Trigger Input 2 +
21
22
External Trigger Input 2 -
Shaft Encoder Phase A +
(see note 4)
23
24
Shaft Encoder Phase A -
Shaft Encoder Phase B +
25
26
Shaft Encoder Phase B -
Ground
27
28
Strobe Output 1
(see note 5)
Ground
29
30
Strobe Output 2
Ground
31
32
Ground
Power Output 5 Volts, 1.5A max
(see note 6)
33
34
Power Output 5 Volts, 1.5A max
Power Output 12 Volts, 1.5A max
35
36
Power Output 12 Volts, 1.5A max
Ground
37
38
Ground
Ground
39
40
Ground
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  93
Note 1: General Inputs Specifications
Each of the four General Inputs are opto-coupled and able to connect to differential signals (RS-422) or
single ended source signals. These inputs generate individual interrupts and are read by the Sapera
application. The following figure is typical for each Genera Input.
3v3
FB
650
4.7K
Gin +
nGin
110
FB
1K
0.01uF
SW1
Gin -
Input Details:

For single ended signals, the Gin- pin is connected to ground. The switch point is ~10V by default
and can be changed to ~2V with SW1.

Each input has a ferrite bead plus a 650 ohm series resistor on the opto-coupler anode.

The 1K resistor and 0.01uF capacitor provide high frequency noise filtering.

Maximum input voltage that can be applied is 26V.

Maximum input signal frequency is 25 KHz.

Opto-coupler response time is 10s for the rising edge signal.

Opto-coupler response time is 27s for the falling edge signal.
Note 2: General Outputs Specifications
Each of the four General Outputs are opto-coupled. Each output is an isolated open-collector NPN
transistor switch. The following figure is typical for each General Output.
680
FB
Gout +
Gout
0.01uF
FB
Gout -
94  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Output Details:

Each output has ferrite beads plus a 680 ohm series resistor on the cathode (+) connection.

The diode and capacitor provide reverse voltage protection and noise filter

Maximum output device differential voltage is 25V.

Maximum output device sink current is 35mA with 25V output differential.

Maximum reverse voltage is 25V.

Maximum output switching frequency is limited by driver and register access on the PCIe bus.
Note 3: External Trigger Input Specifications
The two Trigger Inputs are opto-coupled and compatible to differential signals (RS422) or single ended
source signals. The following figure is typical for each External Trigger Input.

For single ended signals, the External Trigger - pin is connected to ground. The switch point is ~2V
by default to support TTL 5V signals and can be changed to ~10V with SW2 to support 24V industry
standard signals.

For RS422 differential signals, switch point must be selected to ~2V.

Maximum external signal input voltage is 26V, irrelevant of the selected switch point.

The incoming trigger pulse is “debounced” to ensure that no voltage glitch is detected as a valid
trigger pulse. This debounce circuit time constant can be programmed from 1s to 255s . Any pulse
smaller than the programmed value is blocked and therefore not seen by the acquisition circuitry. If
no debouncing value is specified (value of 0s), the minimum value of 1s will be used.

Each input has a ferrite bead plus a 650 ohm series resistor on the opto-coupler anode.

Maximum input signal frequency is 100 KHz.

Opto-coupler response time is 1.95s for a rising signal.

Opto-coupler response time is 2.9s for a falling signal.

Refer to Sapera parameters:
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  95
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DURATION

See also *.cvi file entries:
External Trigger Level, External Frame Trigger Level, External Trigger Enable, External Trigger
Detection.

External Trigger Input 2 used for two pulse external trigger with variable frame length linescan
acquisition.
External Trigger
t(et)
Opto-Coupler
t(oc)
Debouncer
1..255 us
t(d)
Validated Trigger
t(vt) = t(et) + t(oc) + t(d)
Figure 4: External Trigger Input Validation & Delay
Let
t(et) = time of external trigger in s
t(vt) = time of validated trigger in s
t(oc) = time opto-coupler takes to change state
t(d) = debouncing duration from 1 to 255s
trigger high
For an active high external trigger, t(oc) = 1.95s:
t(vt) = t(et) + 1.95s + t(d)
trigger low
For an active low external trigger, t(oc) = 2.9s:
t(vt) = t(et) + 2.9s + t(d)
Note: Teledyne DALSA recommends using an active high external trigger to minimize the time it takes
for the opto-coupler to change state. Specifically, the opto-coupler response time is 1.95s for active high
compared to 2.9s for active low.
If the duration of the external trigger is > t(oc) + t(d), then a valid acquisition trigger is detected.
Therefore, the external pulse with active high polarity must be at least 2.95s (if debounce time is set to
1) in order to be acknowledged. Any pulse larger than 3.9s is always considered valid.
It is possible to emulate an external trigger using the software trigger which is generated by a function
call from an application.
96  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Note 4: Shaft Encoder Input Specifications
Dual Quadrature Shaft Encoder Inputs (phase A and phase B) are opto-coupled and able to connect to
differential signals (RS-422) or single ended TTL 5V source signals. The following figure is typical for
each input.
3v3
FB
220
SE +
4.7K
nSE
FB
SE -

For single ended TTL 5V signals, the SE- pin is connected to ground. The switch point is ~2V.

Maximum input voltage that can be applied is 6V.

Each input has a ferrite bead plus a 220 ohm series resistor on the opto-coupler anode.

Maximum input signal frequency is 200 KHz.

Opto-coupler response time is 0.8s for a rising signal.

Opto-coupler response time is 1.7s for a falling signal.

See "Line Trigger Source Selection for Linescan Applications" on page 53 for more information.

Refer to Sapera parameters:
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_MULTIPLY
or refer to CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVEL (fixed at RS-422)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE

See also *.cvi file entries:
Shaft Encoder Enable, Shaft Encoder Pulse Drop
or see External Line Trigger Enable, External Line Trigger Detection, External Line Trigger Level,
External Line Trigger Source.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  97
Note 5: Strobe Output Specifications
Dual TTL Strobe outputs are provided. The following figure is typical for each strobe out.
Strobe EN
Strobe
FB
Strobe +

Each strobe output is a tri-state driver, enabled by software.

Each strobe output is 5V TTL level.

Each output has a ferrite bead.

Maximum source current is 32mA typical.

Maximum sink current is 32mA typical.

Output switching is < 4.2ns typical.

Refer to Sapera Strobe Methods parameters:
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION

See also *.cvi file entries:
Strobe Enable, Strobe Polarity, Strobe Level, Strobe Method, Strobe Delay, Strobe Duration.
Note 6: DC Power Details
Warning: Never remove or install any hardware component with the computer power on. Never
connect a floppy drive power cable to J7 when the computer is powered on.

Connect the PC floppy drive power connector to J7 so as to supply DC power to a camera. Both
5Vdc and 12Vdc are available on J4 or on the DB37 External Signals Bracket Assembly.

Both the 5Volt and 12Volt power pins have a 1.5 amp re-settable fuse on the board. If the fuse is
tripped, turn off the host computer power. When the computer is turned on again, the fuse is
automatically reset.
98  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1)
The External Signals bracket (OC-X4CC-IOCAB) provides a simple way to bring out the signals from
the External Signals Connector J4 to a bracket mounted DB37. Install the bracket assembly into an
adjacent PC expansion slot and connect the free cable end to the board's J4 header. When connecting to
J4, make sure that the cable pin 1 goes to J4 pin 1 (see the layout drawing "X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board
Layout Drawing" on page 83).
Note: For additional independent I/O signals use the optional X-I/O module. See "Appendix: X-I/O
Module Option" on page 109.
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1) Drawing
Pin 1
DB37
Female
mounted
on bracket
Header 40 Pin
Female
Label: J4
Flat cable 8"
Connector is notched for
one way insertion
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  99
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 1) Pinout
The following table defines the signal pinout on the DB37 connector. Refer to the table "J4: External
Signals Connector " on page 93 for signal descriptions.
DB37 Pin Number
Signal
J4 Connector Pin
Number
1
Ground
1
20
Ground
2
2
General Input 1 +
3
21
General Input 1 -
4
3
General Input 2 +
5
22
General Input 2 -
6
4
General Input 3 +
7
23
General Input 3 -
8
5
General Input 4 +
9
24
General Input 4 -
10
6
General Output 1 +
11
25
General Output 1 -
12
7
General Output 2 +
13
26
General Output 2 -
14
8
General Output 3 +
15
27
General Output 3 -
16
9
General Output 4 +
17
28
General Output 4 -
18
10
External Trigger Input 1 +
19
29
External Trigger Input 1 -
20
11
External Trigger Input 2 +
21
30
External Trigger Input 2 -
22
12
Shaft Encoder Phase A +
23
31
Shaft Encoder Phase A -
24
13
Shaft Encoder Phase B +
25
32
Shaft Encoder Phase B -
26
14
Ground
27
33
Strobe Output 1
28
15
Ground
29
34
Strobe Output 2
30
100  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
16
Ground
31
35
Ground
32
17
+5V
33
36
+5V
34
18
+12V
35
37
+12V
36
19
Ground
37
—
—
38
—
—
39
—
—
40
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2)
The External Signals bracket (OR-X4CC-0TIO2) provides a simple way to bring out the signals from the
External Signals Connector J4 to a bracket mounted DB25. External cables designed for the Teledyne
DALSA X64-CL iPro can be connected directly.
Install the bracket assembly into an adjacent PC expansion slot and connect the free cable end to the
board's J4 header. When connecting to J4, make sure that the cable pin 1 goes to J4 pin 1 (see the layout
drawing "X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Board Layout Drawing" on page 83).
Note: For additional independent I/O signals use the optional X-I/O module. See "Appendix: X-I/O
Module Option" on page 109.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  101
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2) Drawing
Pin 1
Header 40-Pin Female
Label: J4
DB25 Female
mounted bracket
Flat cable 12"
Connector is notched for
one way insertion
102  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly (Type 2) Pinout
The following table defines the signal pinout on the DB25 connector.
Refer to the table "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 93 for signal descriptions.
DB25 Pin Number
Signal
J4 Connector Pin
Number
6
External Trigger Input 1 +
19
19
External Trigger Input 1 -
20
7
External Trigger Input 2 +
21
20
External Trigger Input 2 -
22
8
Shaft Encoder Phase A +
23
21
Shaft Encoder Phase A -
24
9
Shaft Encoder Phase B +
25
22
Shaft Encoder Phase B -
26
11
Strobe Output 1
28
24
Ground
29
10
Strobe Output 2
30
14
Ground
31
15
Ground
38
16
Ground
39
25
Ground
40
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Technical Specifications  103
J9: Board Sync
Interconnects multiple X64 Xcelera boards to synchronize acquisitions to one trigger or event. The trigger
source can be either an external signal or internal software trigger. The board receiving the trigger is the
Master board. while the boards receiving the control signal from the Master board are Slaves.
Setup of the master and slave boards is either by setting parameters via a Sapera application or by using
CamExpert to configure two camera files (.ccf). For testing purposes, two instances of CamExpert can be
run on the system with the frame grabbers installed.




Hardware Connection: Interconnect two, three, or four X64 Xcelera boards via their J9 connector.
The 4 pin cable is wired one to one — i.e. no crossed wires. The cable must be as short as possible
and the boards must be in the same system.
Master Board Software Setup: Choose one X64 Xcelera as master. The Sapera parameter
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE is set to either Mode 1–Output to Board Sync or Mode
2–Control pulse to Board Sync. Other parameters are set as for any external trigger application, such
as External Trigger enable, detection, and level. See Sapera documentation for more details.
 Mode 1 – Output to Board Sync:
In this mode, the external trigger signal received by the board is sent to Board Sync without
any qualification by the Master. The signal output on Board Sync will have a fixed polarity
and duration. The time between the reception of the external trigger signal on the Master
(after the opto-coupler) and the signal sent to Board Sync will be less than 25 nsec.
 Mode 2 – Control pulse to Board Sync:
In this mode, the external trigger signal received is first processed by the Master. If the
decision is made to use the trigger (ie. not ignored), the CC1 signal output by the Master
will also be replicated to the Board Sync with the same polarity and duration. The time
between the reception of the external trigger signal on the Master (after the opto-coupler)
and the decision to use or ignore the external trigger signal is < 1usec. The time between the
CC1 output and the Board Sync signal is < 25 nsec.
Slave Board Software Setup: The Sapera parameter CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE
is set to From Board Sync. Other parameters are ignored, such as External Trigger detection and
level.
Test Setup: The control application starts the acquisition on all slave boards. The acquisition process
is now waiting for the control signal from the master board. The master board acquisition is triggered
and the acquisition start signal is sent to each slave board (with ~0.8μs delay max).
Contact Technical Support for additional information.
104  Technical Specifications
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Camera Link Interface
Camera Link Overview
Camera Link is a communication interface for vision applications developed as an extension of National
Semiconductor's Channel Link technology. The advantages of the Camera Link interface are that it
provides a standard digital camera connection specification, a standard data communication protocol, and
simpler cabling between camera and frame grabber.
The Camera Link interface simplifies the usage of increasingly diverse cameras and high signal speeds
without complex custom cabling. For additional information concerning Camera Link, see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_Link.
Rights and Trademarks
Note: The following text is extracted from the Camera Link Specification 1.1 (January 2004).
The Automated Imaging Association (AIA), as sponsor of the Camera Link committee, owns the
U.S. trademark registration for the Camera Link logo as a certification mark for the mutual
benefit of the industry. The AIA will issue a license to any company, member or non-member, to
use the Camera Link logo with any products that the company will self-certify to be compliant
with the Camera Link standard. Licensed users of the Camera Link logo will not be required to
credit the AIA with ownership of the registered mark.
3M™ is a trademark of the 3M Company.
Channel Link™ is a trademark of National Semiconductor.
Flatlink™ is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
Panel Link™ is a trademark of Silicon Image.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Camera Link Interface  105
Data Port Summary
The Camera Link interface has three configurations. A single Camera Link connection is limited to 28
bits requiring some cameras to have multiple connections or channels. The naming conventions for the
three configurations are:



Base:
Medium:
Full:
Single Channel Link interface, single cable connector.
Two Channel Link interface, two cable connectors.
Three Channel Link interface, two cable connectors.
A single Camera Link port is defined as having an 8-bit data word. The "Full" specification supports 8
ports labeled as A to H.
Camera Signal Summary
Video Data
Four enable signals are defined as:




FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
Spare
Frame Valid (FVAL) is defined HIGH for valid lines.
Line Valid (LVAL) is defined HIGH for valid pixels.
Data Valid (DVAL) is defined HIGH when data is valid.
A spare has been defined for future use.
All four enables must be provided by the camera on each Channel Link. All unused data bits must be tied
to a known value by the camera.
Camera Controls
Four LVDS pairs are reserved for general-purpose camera control, defined as camera inputs and frame
grabber outputs.




Camera Control 1 (CC1)
Camera Control 2 (CC2)
Camera Control 3 (CC3)
Camera Control 4 (CC4)
Note: the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 by default implements the control lines as follows
(using Teledyne DALSA Corporation terminology).
(CC1) EXYNC
(CC2) PRIN
(CC3) FORWARD
(CC4) HIGH
106  Camera Link Interface
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Communication
Two LVDS pairs have been allocated for asynchronous serial communication to and from the camera and
frame grabber. Cameras and frame grabbers should support at least 9600 baud.


SerTFG Differential pair with serial communications to the frame grabber.
SerTC Differential pair with serial communications to the camera.
The serial interface protocol is one start bit, one stop bit, no parity, and no handshaking.
Camera Link Cables
For additional information on Camera Link cables and their specifications, visit the following web sites:
3M
http://www.3m.com/interconnects /
(enter Camera Link as the search keyword)
Nortech Systems
http://www.nortechsys.com/intercon/CameraLinkMain.htm
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Camera Link Interface  107
108  Camera Link Interface
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module
Option
X-I/O Module Overview

The X-I/O module requires X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board driver version 1.00 (or later) and Sapera
LT version 5.30 (or later).

Occupies an adjacent slot to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4. Slot can be either PCI-32 or PCI-64—no
PCI signals or power are used.

Connects to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 via a 16 pin flat ribbon cable. J23 on X-I/O to J6 on
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.

The X-I/O signals supplement the external signal I/O available on the main board. The two sets
of I/O are independent of each other.

X-I/O provides 8 outputs software selectable as NPN (current sink) or PNP (source driver) type
drivers. See "Outputs in NPN Mode: Electrical Details" on page 113 and "Outputs in PNP
Mode: Electrical Details" on page 114.

X-I/O provides 2 opto-coupled inputs. See "Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details" on page 115.

X-I/O provides 6 TTL level inputs with software selectable transition point. See "TTL Input
Electrical Details" on page 115.

X-I/O provides both +5 volt and +12 volt power output pins on the DB37, where power comes
directly from the host system power supply.

Onboard flash memory to store user defined power up I/O states.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  109
X-I/O Module Connector List & Locations
J21
J26
J23
DB37 female
J22
J24
J20
J28
X-I/O revision A2
J20
DB37 female external signals connector.
J23
16 pin header connector
(interconnect to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 via the supplied ribbon cable
OC-IO0C-ANLVDS).
J21, J22, J24, J28
Reserved.
J26
Connect PC power via floppy drive power cable.
X-I/O Module Installation
Grounding Instructions: Static electricity can damage electronic components. Please discharge any
static electrical charge by touching a grounded surface, such as the metal computer chassis, before
performing any hardware installation. If you do not feel comfortable performing the installation, please
consult a qualified computer technician. Never remove or install any hardware component with the
computer power on.
110  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Board Installation
Installing an X-I/O Module to an existing X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 installation takes only a few minutes.
Install the X-I/O board into the host system as follows:

Power off the computer system that has the installed X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board.

Insert the X-I/O module into any free PCI slot (no PCI electrical connections are used), securing
the bracket.

Connect the X-I/O module 16 pin ribbon cable labeled OC-IO0C-ANLVDS from J23 to the X64
Xcelera-CL PX4 board J6.

Power on the computer again.

For new X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 and X-I/O module installations, simply follow the procedure to
install Sapera and the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 and X-I/O Driver Update

If both Sapera and X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 driver need to be installed, follow the procedure
"Sapera and Board Driver Upgrades" on page 21. This procedure steps through the upgrade of
both Sapera and the board driver—typically required when installing the X-I/O module in the
field.

If the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 installation already has the required Sapera and board driver
version, install the X-I/O module and perform a firmware update as described in "Executing the
Firmware Loader from the Start Menu" on page 16.
X-I/O Module External Connections to the DB37
Users can assemble their interface cable, using some or all of the signals available on the X-I/O module
DB37. Use a male DB37 with thumb screws for a secure fit. Wiring type should meet the needs of the
imaging environment.
For the external signals Trigger Input, Shaft Encoder Input, and Strobe output (note: cannot be used with
X64 Xcelera-CL PX8).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  111
DB37 Pinout Description
Pin #
Signal
Description
1
IN_OPTO_1+
Input #1 ( Opto-coupled )
20
IN_OPTO_1-
2
IN_OPTO_2+
21
IN_OPTO_2-
3, 23, 24
Gnd
22
OUT_TTL_1
Input #2 ( Opto-coupled )
Output #1
4
OUT_TTL_2
Output #2
5
USER_PWR
Power for the TTL Outputs in PNP mode
6*
TrigIn 1+
Trigger Input 1 +
25 *
TrigIn 1-
Trigger Input 1 - (TTL trigger GND)
7*
TrigIn 2+
Trigger Input 2 +
26 *
TrigIn 2-
Trigger Input 2 - (TTL trigger GND)
8*
Phase A+
Shaft Encoder Phase A+
27 *
Phase A-
Shaft Encoder Phase A-
9*
Phase B+
Shaft Encoder Phase B+
28 *
Phase B-
Shaft Encoder Phase B-
10 *
Strobe 2
TTL Strobe 2 output
11 *
Strobe 1
TTL Strobe 1 output
16, 29, 30
Gnd
12
Power
PC +5V (1A max)
31
Power
PC +12V (1A max)
13
IN_TTL_3
Input #3 ( TTL )
32
IN_TTL_4
Input #4 ( TTL )
14
IN_TTL_5
Input #5 ( TTL )
33
IN_TTL_6
Input #6 ( TTL )
15
IN_TTL_7
Input #7 ( TTL )
34
IN_TTL_8
Input #8 ( TTL )
35
OUT_TTL_3
Output 3
17
OUT_TTL_4
Output 4
36
OUT_TTL_5
Output 5
18
OUT_TTL_6
Output 6
37
OUT_TTL_7
Output 7
19
OUT_TTL_8
Output 8
112  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
*: Note, these signals are not available with the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4.
Outputs in NPN Mode: Electrical Details
When the TTL outputs are configured for NPN mode (open collector - sink mode) the user is required to
provide an external input pull-up resistor on the signal being controlled by the X-I/O output. A simplified
schematic and important output specifications follow:
NPN Open Collector Output Mode
5V or 24V typical
External Pull-up Resistor
DB37
Connector
Simplified
Output Driver
22
typical 8 places
( 220 ohm @ 5V typical )
Output 1
3, 23, 24
GND
16, 29, 30
GND
4
35
17
36
18
37
19
Device Input
Device Input GND
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
Output 5
Output 6
Output 7
Output 8
X-I/O Module

Each output can sink 700 mA.

Over-current thermal protection will automatically shut down the output device.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  113
Outputs in PNP Mode: Electrical Details
When the TTL outputs are configured for PNP mode (source driver) an external power supply is required
to provide the buffer output supply voltage (USER_PWR). A simplified schematic and important output
specifications follow:
PNP Source Driver Output Mode
DB37
Connector
Simplified
Output Buffer
Driver
Buffer Vcc
5
22
typical 8 places
USER_PWR
Output 1
3, 23, 24
GND
16, 29, 30
GND
4
35
17
36
18
37
X-I/O Module
19
Device Power Supply
Device Input
Device Input GND
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
Output 5
Output 6
Output 7
Output 8

User provides the output power supply voltage ( 7 volts to 35 volts ).

Maximum source driver output current is 350 mA.

Source driver with over-current protection (all outputs will shut down simultaneously). The
over-current fault circuit will protect the device from short-circuits to ground with supply
voltages of up to 35V.
114  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details
The two opto-coupled inputs can be used either with TTL or RS422 sources. A simplified input schematic
and important electrical specifications are listed below.
Opto-Coupled Input
DB37
Connector
In_Opto_1+
1
X-I/O Input
In_Opto_120
In_Opto_2+
2
In_Opto_221
Simplified
Opto-coupled
Input
GND
typical 2 places
X-I/O Module
Input reverse breakdown voltage
5 volts minimum
Maximum average forward input current
25 mA
Maximum input frequency
200 kHz
Maximum Sapera call-back rate
System processing dependent
TTL Input Electrical Details
The six TTL inputs are software configurable (see "Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States" on
page 116) for standard TTL logic levels or industrial logic systems (typically 24 volts). The design switch
points are as follows:

TTL level mode : trip point at 2V +/- 5%

Industrial level mode: trip point at 16V +/- 5%
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  115
X-I/O Module Sapera Interface
Sapera version 5.30 (or later) provides support for the X-I/O module via an I/O class and demonstration
program. Users can use the demonstration program as is, or use the demo program source code to
implement X-I/O controls within the custom imaging application.
This section describes configuring the X-I/O module power up state, using the X-I/O demo program, and
describes the Sapera Class to program and read the X-I/O module along with sample code.
Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States
The X-I/O module power up state is stored onboard in flash memory. User configuration of this initial
state is performed by the Device Manager program. Run the program via the windows start menu: (Start
• Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 Device Driver • Device Manager).
The Device Manager provides information on the installed X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board and its firmware.
With an X-I/O module installed, click on XIO Board – Information, as shown in the following figure.
The XIO information screen shows the current status of Device 0—the output device, and Device 1—the
input device. A few items are user configurable for X-I/O board power up state. Click on the item to
display a drop list of available capabilities, as described below.
116  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual

Device 0 – Default Output Type
choose Tristate mode (i.e. output disconnected), or PNP mode, or NPN mode.

Device 0 – Default Output Pin State
A window is displayed to select a logic low or high state for each output pin. Click on each pin
that should be logic high by default.

Device 1 – Default Input Level
Select the input logic level as TTL 5 Volts or 24 Volts, dependent on the signal type being input
to the X-I/O module.

Device 1 – Default Connector
DB37 is the supported output connector, as described in this section.
Programming the User Configuration
After changing any user configurable X-I/O mode from the factory default state, click on the Program
button (located on the upper left), to write the new default state to flash memory. The Device Manager
message output window will display "Successfully updated EEProm". The program can now be closed.
Using Sapera LT General I/O Demo
The Sapera General I/O demo program controls the I/O capabilities of the X-I/O module on the Sapera
board product. The demo will present to the user only the controls pertaining to the selected hardware (in
the case of multiple installed boards).
Run the demo via the windows start menu: (Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT •
Demos • General I/O Demo). The first menu presents a drop list of all installed Sapera Acquisition
Devices with I/O capabilities. Select the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board is selected and click OK to
continue.
General I/O Module Control Panel
The I/O module control demo presents the I/O capabilities of the installed hardware. The following figure
shows the X-I/O module connected to the X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 board.
Output Pins: The first column displays the current state of the eight output pins (I/O Device #0).

The startup default state is user configured using the Device Manager program.

The state of each output can be changed by clicking on its status button.

Use the Signal Output drop menu to select the output mode (Tristate, PNP, NPN).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  117
Input Pins: The second section provides input pin status (I/O device #1). Note that this program is a
demo, therefore no action takes place on an input event.

The first column reads the logic level present on each input. The Input Level drop menu changes
the logic level from 5V TTL to 24V logic. Use the Device Manager program to select the default
logic level type.

The second column demonstrates activating interrupts on individual inputs. In this demo
program, use the Enable box to activate the interrupt on an input. The Count box will tally
detected input events. Use the Signal Event drop menu to select which input signal edge to
detect. The Reset button clears all event counts.
118  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Sapera LT General I/O Demo Code Samples
The following source code was extracted from the General I/O demo program. The comments highlight
the areas that an application developer needs for embedding X-I/O module controls within the imaging
application.
Main I/O Demo code
BOOL CGioMainDlg::OnInitDialog()
{
[ . . . ]
// some declarations
UINT32 m_gioCount;
int m_ServerIndex;
int m_ResourceIndex;
// Show the Server Dialog to select the acquisition device
CGioServer dlg(this);
if (dlg.DoModal() == IDOK)
{
m_ServerIndex = dlg.GetServerIndex();
m_ServerName = dlg.GetServerName();
if ( m_ServerIndex != -1)
{
// Get the number of resources from SapManager for ResourceGio type by using
// - the server index chosen in the dialog box
// - the resource type to enquire for Gio
m_gioCount=SapManager::GetResourceCount(m_ServerIndex,SapManager::ResourceGio);
// Create all objects [see the function following]
if (!CreateObjects()) { EndDialog(TRUE); return FALSE; }
[ . . . ]
//Loop for all resources
for (UINT32 iDevice = 0; (iDevice < MAX_GIO_DEVICE) && (iDevice < m_gioCount);
iDevice++)
{
[ . . . ]
// direct read access to low-level Sapera C library capability to check
// I/O Output module
if (m_pGio[iDevice]->IsCapabilityValid(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_OUTPUT))
status = m_pGio[iDevice]->GetCapability(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_OUTPUT,&capOutput);
// direct read access to low-level Sapera C library capability to
// check I/O Input module
if (m_pGio[iDevice]->IsCapabilityValid(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_INPUT))
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  119
status = m_pGio[iDevice]->GetCapability(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_INPUT,&capInput);
[ . . . ]
// Constructor used for I/O Output module dialog.
if (capOutput)
{
m_pDlgOutput[iDevice] = new CGioOutputDlg(this, iDevice, m_pGio[iDevice]);
}
[ . . . ]
}
// Constructor used for I/O Input module dialog.
if (capInput)
{
m_pDlgInput[iDevice] = new CGioInputDlg(this, iDevice, m_pGio[iDevice]);
}
}
//end for
// end if
[ . . . ]
}
Function CreateObjects()
BOOL CreateObjects()
{
CWaitCursor wait;
// Loop for all I/O resources
for (UINT32 iDevice = 0; (iDevice < MAX_GIO_DEVICE) && (iDevice < m_gioCount);
iDevice++)
{
// The SapLocation object specifying the server where the I/O resource is located
SapLocation location(m_ServerIndex, iDevice);
// The SapGio constructor is called for each resource found.
m_pGio[iDevice] = new SapGio(location);
// Creates all the low-level Sapera resources needed by the I/O object
if (m_pGio[iDevice] && !*m_pGio[iDevice] && !m_pGio[iDevice]->Create())
{
DestroyObjects();
return FALSE;
}
}
return TRUE;
}
120  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Output Dialog: CGioOutputDlg class (see Sapera Gui class)
void CGioOutputDlg::UpdateIO()
{
UINT32 output=0;
UINT32 state=0;
BOOL status;
[ . . . ]
// We loop to get all I/O pins.
for (UINT32 iIO=0; iIO < (UINT32)m_pGio->GetNumPins(); iIO++)
{
[ . . . ]
// We set the current state of the current I/O pin by using
// - the pin number on the current I/O resource
// - the pointer to pin state
// ( SapGio ::PinLow if low and SapGio ::PinHigh if high)
status = m_pGio->SetPinState(iIO, (SapGio::PinState)state);
}
}
Input Dialog: CGioInputDlg class. (see Sapera Gui class)
BOOL CGioInputDlg::Update()
{
SapGio::PinState state = SapGio::PinState::PinLow;
BOOL status = true;
UINT32 iIO;
UINT32 jIO;
if (m_pGio == NULL)
return FALSE;
// We loop to get all I/O pins.
for (iIO=0; iIO < (UINT32)m_pGio->GetNumPins(); iIO++)
{
m_pGio->SetDisplayStatusMode(SapManager::StatusLog, NULL);
// We get the current state of the current I/O pin by using
// the pin number on the current I/O resource
// the pointer to pin state
// ( SapGio ::PinLow if low and SapGio ::PinHigh if high)
status = m_pGio->GetPinState(iIO, &state);
m_pGio->SetDisplayStatusMode(SapManager::StatusNotify, NULL);
[ . . . ]
}
[ . . . ]
}
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  121
I/O Event Handling
void CGioInputDlg::GioCallbackInfo(SapGioCallbackInfo *pInfo)
{
CGioInputDlg* pInputDlg;
CString strEventCount;
// We get the application context associated with I/O events
pInputDlg = (CGioInputDlg*)pInfo->GetContext();
// We get the current count of I/O events
strEventCount.Format("%d", pInfo->GetEventCount());
// We get the I/O pin number that generated an I/O event and apply the changes.
pInputDlg->m_GioEventCount[pInfo->GetPinNumber()]++;
}
122  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Teledyne DALSA Contact
Information
Sales Information
Visit our web site:
www.teledynedalsa.com/mv
Email:
mailto:[email protected]
Canada Sales
USA Sales
Teledyne DALSA — Montreal office
7075 Place Robert-Joncas, Suite #142
St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada
H4M 2Z2
Teledyne DALSA — Billerica office
700 Technology Park Drive
Billerica, Ma.
01821
Tel:
Fax:
Tel:
Fax:
(514) 333-1301
(514) 333-1388
(978) 670-2000
(978) 670-2010
Asia Sales
European Sales
Teledyne DALSA Asia Pacific
Ikebukuro East 13F
3-4-3 Higashi Ikebukuro,
Toshima-ku, Tokyo
Japan
Teledyne DALSA Europe
Breslauer Str. 34
D-82194 Gröbenzell (Munich)
Germany
Tel:
Fax:
+81 3 5960 6353
+81 3 5960 6354
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Tel: +49 - 8142 – 46770
Fax: +49 - 8142 – 467746
Teledyne DALSA Contact Information  123
Technical Support
Any support question or request can be submitted via our web site:
Technical support form via our web page:
Support requests for imaging product installations,
Support requests for imaging applications
Camera support information
http://www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support
Product literature and driver updates
124  Teledyne DALSA Contact Information
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Glossary of Terms
Bandwidth
Describes the measure of data transfer capacity. PCI devices must share the maximum PCI bus bandwidth
when transferring data to and from system memory or other devices.
CAM
Sapera camera file that uses the file extension CCA by default. Files using the CCA extension, also called
CAM files (CAMERA files), contain all parameters which describe the camera video signal
characteristics and operation modes (i.e. what the camera outputs).
Channel
Camera data path that includes all parts of a video line.
Checksum
A value used to ensure data is stored without error. It is created by calculating the binary values in a
block of data using some algorithm and storing the results with the data.
CMI
Client Modification Instruction. A client requested engineering change applied to a Teledyne DALSA
board product to support either a non-standard function or custom camera.
Contiguous memory
A block of physical memory, occupying consecutive addresses.
CRC
Proprietary Sapera raw image data file format that supports any Sapera buffer type and utilizes an
informative file header. Refer to the Sapera Basic Modules Reference Manual “Buffer File Formats”
section.
Firmware
Software such as a board driver that is stored in nonvolatile memory mounted on that board.
Frame buffer
An area of memory used to hold a frame of image data. A frame buffer may exist on the acquisition
hardware or be allocated by the acquisition hardware device driver in host system memory.
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Glossary of Terms  125
Grab
Acquiring an image frame by means of a frame grabber.
Host
Refers to the computer system that supports the installed frame grabber.
Host buffer
Refers to a frame buffer allocated in the physical memory of the host computer system.
LSB
Least Significant Bit in a binary data word.
MSB
Most Significant Bit in a binary data word.
PCI 32
Peripheral Component Interconnect. The PCI local bus is a 32-bit high-performance expansion bus
intended for interconnecting add-in boards, controllers, and processor/memory systems.
PCI 64
A superset of the PCI specification providing a 64 bit data path and a 66 MHz clock.
Pixel
Picture Element. The number of pixels describes the number of digital samples taken of the analog video
signal. The number of pixels per video line by the number of active video lines describes the acquisition
image resolution. The binary size of each pixel (i.e., 8-bits, 15-bits, 24-bits) defines the number of gray
levels or colors possible for each pixel.
RAW
A Sapera data file format where there is no header information and that supports any Sapera buffer type.
Refer to the Sapera Basic Modules Reference Manual “Buffer File Formats” section.
RISC
(Reduced Instruction Set Computer) A computer architecture that reduces chip complexity by using
simpler instructions.
126  Glossary of Terms
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Scatter Gather
Host system memory allocated for frame buffers that is virtually contiguous but physically scattered
throughout all available memory.
Tap
Data path from a camera that includes a part of or whole video line. When a camera tap outputs a partial
video line, the multiple camera tap data must be constructed by combining the data in the correct order.
VIC
Sapera camera parameter definition file that uses the file extension CVI by default. Files using the CVI
extension, also know as VIC files, contain all operating parameters related to the frame grabber board
(i.e. what the frame grabber can actually do with camera controls or incoming video).
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Glossary of Terms  127
128  Glossary of Terms
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Index
1
10 tap format 63
A
Acquisition and Control Unit 58
acquisition bandwidth 36
Acquisition events 59
acquisition module 59
acquisition parameters 47
ACUPlus 10
administrator 21
AUTORUN 14
B
Bayer Filter Decoding 9, 10
Bayer Mosaic Filter 45
Block Diagram 51
BoardInfo.txt 24, 32
boot recovery mode 32
buffer output supply voltage 114
C
cables 84
calibration information 33
camera configuration file 37
camera control 22, 91
Camera file 41, 48, 55, 57
Camera Link 11, 84, 91, 105
Camera Link cabling 22
Camera Link control 91
camera power 84
camera timing 37
CamExpert 48, 55, 57
CamExpert parameters 38
communication ports 11
computer administrator 13
connector location 110
Contiguous Memory 25
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETECTIO
N 97
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
97
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVEL 97
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE
97
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION 96
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE 96
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL 96
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP 97
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE 97
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_LEVEL 97
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY 98
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION 98
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE 98
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL 98
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD 98
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY 98
D
Data Overflow event 59
Data Transfer Engine 10
Device Manager 15, 24, 32, 116
device report 24
double buffering memory 34
driver upgrade 21
E
Embedded Windows answer files 75
End of Frame event 60
End of Transfer event 60
External Signals Connector 54, 56, 93, 100, 103
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly 54, 99,
101
F
failure - firmware upgrade 31
Firmware Loader 15
firmware revision 24
firmware selection 9
Flat Field Correction 41
Found New Hardware Wizard 13
frame buffer 25, 56
Frame Lost event 59
Frame Sync 57
FRAME_RESET 56
Index  129
H
HyperTerminal 11, 22
I
I/O available capabilities 116
I/O Device 0 116
I/O Device 1 116
I/O flash memory 116
I/O input event 118
I/O input trip points 115
I/O interface cable 111
I/O interrupts 118
I/O NPN output mode 117
I/O output modes 109
I/O PNP output mode 117
I/O power up state 116
I/O sample code 116
I/O source code 119
I/O Tristate output mode 117
image processing 7
Imaging drivers 31
Industrial level mode 115
input logic level 117
input pin status 118
input pull-up resistor 113
installer response file 17, 18
L
launch.exe 14
Line Scan 10, 54
Log Viewer program 33
LUT availability 62
LVDS pairs 91
M
MDR-26 84
Micro-switches 85
multi-board sync 104
N
National Semiconductor 105
NPN mode 113
O
out-of-memory error 25
output sink current 113
output source current 114
P
PCI bus latency 58
PCI Bus Number 29
PCI configuration registers 29
PCI configuration space 29, 32, 35
PCI conflict 32
Phase A 54
Phase B 54
physical dimensions 81
PNP mode 114
programming I/O flash 117
Q
Quadrature-Shaft-Encoder 11
S
Sapera Acquisition Devices 117
Sapera buffers allocation 25
Sapera CamExpert 35
Sapera CD-ROM 14, 21
Sapera configuration program 22, 23, 25
Sapera LT Development Library 13
Sapera LT User’s manual 14
Sapera messaging 25
scatter gather buffers 26
Scatter-Gather 10
serial communication port 22
serial port speeds 22
Shading Correction 9, 10
shaft encoder 11, 54
software trigger 35, 96
Static electricity 13, 110
SW1-General Inputs signal level 85
SW2-Trigger signal level 85
SW3-GEN2 Slot Workaround 86
SW3-Safe Boot Mode 86
system COM port 22
T
technical support 21, 24, 31, 34
transfer module 60
trigger 11, 54, 56
opto-coupled input specs 115
130  Index
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
U
user defined I/O state 109
USER_PWR 114
V
viewer program 33
virtual frame buffer 56
visual LED indicators 11
W
Web inspection 54
Windows Embedded 7 75
Windows HyperTerminal 22
Windows operating system memory 26
workstation 21
X
X64-CL serial port 22
X-I/O field installation 111
X-I/O module driver update 111
X-I/O module overview 109
X64 Xcelera-CL PX4 User's Manual
Index  131
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