X64-CL Express User's Manual

X64-CL Express User's Manual
Teledyne DALSA  7075 Place Robert-Joncas, Suite 142  St-Laurent, Quebec, H4M 2Z2  Canada
www.teledynedalsa.com/mv
X64-CL Express
™
User's Manual
Edition 1.21
Part number OC-X1CM-USER0
*OC-X1CM-USER0*
NOTICE
© 2001-2012 Teledyne DALSA
All rights reserved.
This document may not be reproduced nor transmitted in any form or by any means, either electronic or
mechanical, without the express written permission of Teledyne DALSA. Every effort is made to ensure
the information in this manual is accurate and reliable. Use of the products described herein is understood
to be at the user's risk. Teledyne DALSA assumes no liability whatsoever for the use of the products
detailed in this document and reserves the right to make changes in specifications at any time and without
notice.
Microsoft is a registered trademark; Windows®, Windows® XP, Windows® Vista, and Windows® 7 are
trademarks of Microsoft® Corporation.
All other trademarks or intellectual property mentioned herein belong to their respective owners.
Edition 1.21 August 1, 2012
Document Number: OC-X1CM-USER0
Printed in Canada
About Teledyne DALSA
Teledyne DALSA is an international high performance semiconductor and electronics company that
designs, develops, manufactures, and markets digital imaging products and solutions, in addition to
providing wafer foundry services.
Teledyne DALSA Digital Imaging offers the widest range of machine vision components in the world.
From industry-leading image sensors through powerful and sophisticated cameras, frame grabbers, vision
processors and software to easy-to-use vision appliances and custom vision modules.
Contents
INTRODUCTION ________________________________________________________________ 1
OVERVIEW OF THE MANUAL ..................................................................................................................... 1
ABOUT THE MANUAL ............................................................................................................................... 2
USING THE MANUAL ................................................................................................................................. 2
OVERVIEW OF THE X64-CL EXPRESS ____________________________________________ 3
PRODUCT PART NUMBERS ........................................................................................................................ 3
ABOUT THE X64-CL EXPRESS FRAME GRABBER ..................................................................................... 4
X64-CL Express Series Key Features ............................................................................................... 4
X64-CL Express User Programmable Configurations ..................................................................... 5
ACUPlus: Acquisition Control Unit ................................................................................................. 5
DTE: Intelligent Data Transfer Engine ............................................................................................ 6
PCI Express x1 Interface .................................................................................................................. 6
Advanced Controls Overview ........................................................................................................... 7
ABOUT THE OPTIONAL X-I/O MODULE .................................................................................................... 7
DEVELOPMENT SOFTWARE OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................... 8
Sapera LT Library ............................................................................................................................ 8
Sapera Processing Library ............................................................................................................... 8
INSTALLING THE X64-CL EXPRESS ______________________________________________ 9
WARNING! (GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS)................................................................................................. 9
UPGRADING SAPERA OR ANY TELEDYNE DALSA BOARD DRIVER .......................................................... 9
Board Driver Upgrade Only ............................................................................................................. 9
Sapera and Board Driver Upgrades............................................................................................... 10
SAPERA LT LIBRARY INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................... 11
INSTALLING X64-CL EXPRESS HARDWARE AND DRIVER ....................................................................... 12
In a Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 System............................................................... 12
X64-CL Express Firmware Loader................................................................................................. 13
ENABLING THE CAMERA LINK SERIAL CONTROL PORT .......................................................................... 15
COM Port Assignment .................................................................................................................... 15
Setup Example with Windows HyperTerminal................................................................................ 16
DISPLAYING X64-CL EXPRESS BOARD INFORMATION ........................................................................... 18
Device Manager – Board Viewer.................................................................................................... 18
CAMERA TO CAMERA LINK CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................. 19
CONFIGURING SAPERA............................................................................................................................ 20
Viewing Installed Sapera Servers ................................................................................................... 20
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Contents  i
Increasing Contiguous Memory for Sapera Resources .................................................................. 20
Contiguous Memory for Sapera Messaging.................................................................................... 21
TROUBLESHOOTING INSTALLATION PROBLEMS ...................................................................................... 21
Recovering from a Firmware Update Error ................................................................................... 21
Windows Event Viewer ................................................................................................................... 22
Device Manager Program .............................................................................................................. 22
PCI Configuration .......................................................................................................................... 24
Sapera and Hardware Windows Drivers ........................................................................................ 25
Log Viewer...................................................................................................................................... 25
Windows Device Manager .............................................................................................................. 26
Memory Requirements with Area Scan Acquisitions ...................................................................... 26
Symptoms: CamExpert Detects no Boards ..................................................................................... 27
Symptoms: X64-CL Express Does Not Grab .................................................................................. 27
Symptoms: Card grabs black.......................................................................................................... 28
Symptoms: Card acquisition bandwidth is less than expected........................................................ 28
CAMEXPERT QUICK START FOR THE X64-CL EXPRESS __________________________ 29
INTERFACING CAMERAS WITH CAMEXPERT ........................................................................................... 29
CamExpert Example with a Monochrome Camera ........................................................................ 29
CAMEXPERT DEMONSTRATION AND TEST TOOLS .................................................................................. 31
CAMERA TYPES & FILES APPLICABLE TO THE X64-CL EXPRESS ........................................................... 31
CamExpert Memory Errors when Loading Camera Configuration Files ...................................... 32
Overview of Sapera Acquisition Parameter Files (*.ccf or *.cca/*.cvi)......................................... 32
Camera Interfacing Check List....................................................................................................... 33
USING THE FLAT FIELD CORRECTION TOOL ........................................................................................... 34
X64-CL Express Flat Field Support ............................................................................................... 34
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure ................................................................................ 34
Using Flat Field Correction ........................................................................................................... 36
USING THE BAYER FILTER TOOL ............................................................................................................ 36
Bayer Filter White Balance Calibration Procedure ....................................................................... 36
Using the Bayer Filter .................................................................................................................... 37
SAPERA DEMO APPLICATIONS _________________________________________________ 39
GRAB DEMO OVERVIEW ......................................................................................................................... 39
Using the Grab Demo..................................................................................................................... 39
FLAT-FIELD DEMO OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................... 40
Using the Flat Field Demo ............................................................................................................. 40
X64-CL EXPRESS REFERENCE __________________________________________________ 41
X64-CL EXPRESS MEDIUM BLOCK DIAGRAM ........................................................................................ 41
X64-CL EXPRESS DUAL BASE BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................................................... 42
X64-CL EXPRESS ACQUISITION TIMING................................................................................................. 43
LINE TRIGGER SOURCE SELECTION FOR LINESCAN APPLICATIONS ........................................................ 44
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE – Parameter Values Specific to the X64CL series.................................................................................................................................. 44
SHAFT ENCODER INTERFACE TIMING ..................................................................................................... 46
ii  Contents
X64-CL Express User's Manual
VIRTUAL FRAME TRIGGER FOR LINESCAN CAMERAS ............................................................................. 47
ACQUISITION METHODS ......................................................................................................................... 49
X64-CL EXPRESS LUT AVAILABILITY ................................................................................................... 49
TRIGGER TO IMAGE RELIABILITY ........................................................................................................... 50
Supported Events and Transfer Methods ........................................................................................ 50
X64-CL EXPRESS SAPERA PARAMETERS ................................................................................................ 53
Camera Related Parameters........................................................................................................... 53
VIC Related Parameters ................................................................................................................. 58
ACQ Related Parameters................................................................................................................ 62
X64-CL EXPRESS MEMORY ERROR WITH AREA SCAN FRAME BUFFER ALLOCATION............................ 63
X64-CL EXPRESS SAPERA SERVERS & RESOURCES ______________________________ 65
SERVERS AND RESOURCES ...................................................................................................................... 65
TRANSFER RESOURCE LOCATIONS ......................................................................................................... 66
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS__________________________________________________ 67
X64-CL EXPRESS BOARD SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................ 67
HOST SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................... 68
EMI CERTIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................. 69
CONNECTOR AND SWITCH LOCATIONS ................................................................................................... 70
X64-CL Express Board Layout Drawings....................................................................................... 70
Connector Description List............................................................................................................. 70
CONNECTOR AND SWITCH SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................ 71
X64-CL Express End Bracket ......................................................................................................... 71
Status LEDs Functional Description .............................................................................................. 72
J1: Camera Link Connector 1......................................................................................................... 73
J2: Camera Link Connector 2 (on X64-CL Express with Dual Base Configuration) ..................... 73
J2: Camera Link Connector 2 (on X64-CL Express in Medium Configuration) ............................ 74
Camera Link Camera Control Signal Overview ............................................................................. 75
J4: External Signals Connector ...................................................................................................... 76
X64-CL Express: External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly .................................................. 79
Connecting a TTL Shaft Encoder Signal to the LVDS/RS422 Input ............................................... 80
External Trigger TTL Input Electrical Specification ...................................................................... 82
Strobe TTL Output Electrical Specification.................................................................................... 82
J7: Board Sync................................................................................................................................ 83
J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector........................................................................................... 83
J9: PC Power to Camera Interface................................................................................................. 84
J11: Start Mode .............................................................................................................................. 84
J3, J7A1 J12: Reserved................................................................................................................... 84
Brief Description of Standards RS-232, RS-422, & RS-644 (LVDS) ............................................. 85
CAMERA LINK INTERFACE ____________________________________________________ 87
CAMERA LINK OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 87
Rights and Trademarks ................................................................................................................... 87
DATA PORT SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................... 88
CAMERA SIGNAL SUMMARY ................................................................................................................... 88
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Contents  iii
CAMERA LINK CABLES ........................................................................................................................... 89
APPENDIX: X-I/O MODULE OPTION _____________________________________________ 91
X-I/O MODULE OVERVIEW .................................................................................................................... 91
X-I/O Module Connector List & Locations..................................................................................... 92
X-I/O MODULE INSTALLATION............................................................................................................... 92
Board Installation........................................................................................................................... 93
X64-CL Express and X-I/O Driver Update..................................................................................... 93
X-I/O MODULE EXTERNAL CONNECTIONS TO THE DB37....................................................................... 93
DB37 Pinout Description................................................................................................................ 94
TTL Output in NPN Mode: Electrical Details ................................................................................ 95
TTL Output in PNP Mode: Electrical Details ................................................................................ 96
Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details .......................................................................................... 97
TTL Input Electrical Details ........................................................................................................... 97
X-I/O MODULE SAPERA INTERFACE ....................................................................................................... 98
Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States ............................................................................. 98
Using Sapera LT General I/O Demo ............................................................................................ 100
Sapera LT General I/O Demo Code Samples ............................................................................... 102
TELEDYNE DALSA CONTACT INFORMATION___________________________________ 107
SALES INFORMATION ............................................................................................................................ 107
TECHNICAL SUPPORT............................................................................................................................ 108
GLOSSARY OF TERMS_________________________________________________________ 109
INDEX ________________________________________________________________________ 111
iv  Contents
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Introduction
Overview of the Manual
The X64-CL Express User's Manual covers the following topics:
 Overview of the X64-CL Express
Description of the X64-CL Express product and a brief summary of its capabilities.
 Installing the X64-CL Express
Installation procedures for the X64-CL Express board and driver under Windows XP,
Windows Vista or Windows 7, as well as information on camera connectivity.
 CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
User's guide to interfacing cameras with CamExpert and using the CamExpert demo tools.
 The Sapera Demo Applications
Overview of the Sapera demo programs which can test the X64-CL Express installation.
 X64-CL Express Reference
Descriptions of X64-CL Express hardware, block diagram, capabilities, and acquisition modes
supported.
 X64-CL Express Sapera Servers & Resources
Specifications specific to the Sapera Imaging Library.
 Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express connector locations and pin-out descriptions.
 Camera Link Interface
Overview of the Camera Link specification.
 X-I/O Module Option
Describes the X-I/O module, its configuration, cabling, and usage.
 Teledyne DALSA Contact Information
Phone numbers, web site, and important email addresses.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Introduction  1
About the Manual
This manual exists in printed, compiled HTML help, and Adobe® Acrobat (PDF) formats. The help and
PDF formats make full use of hypertext cross-references and include links to the Teledyne DALSA home
page on the Internet, located at http://www.imaging.com/, accessed using any web browser.
For information specific to the X64-CL Express, visit www.teledynedalsa.com/mv.
Using the Manual
File names, directories, and Internet sites will be in bold text
(e.g., image2.bmp, c:\sapera, http://www.imaging.com).
Text that must be entered using the keyboard will be in typewriter-style text
(e.g., c:\temp).
Menu and dialog actions will be indicated in bold text in the order of the instructions to be executed, with
each instruction separated by bullets. For example, going to the File menu and choosing Save would be
written as File•Save.
2  Introduction
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Overview of the X64-CL
Express
Product Part Numbers
X64-CL Express Board
Item
Product Number
All models have 85MHz Pixel Clock
X64-CL Express with 32 MB of memory
OR-X1C0-XPD00
X-I/O Module (optional): provides 8 input & 8 output general I/Os
(see "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 91)
OC-IO01-STD00
This manual in printed form, is available on request
OC-X1CM-USER0
X64-CL Express Software
Item
Product Number
Sapera LT version 5.30 or later (required but sold separately)
OC-SL00-0000000
1. Sapera LT: Provides everything you will need to build your imaging application
2. Current Sapera compliant board hardware drivers
3. Board and Sapera documentation (compiled HTML help, and Adobe Acrobat®
(PDF) formats)
(optional)
Sapera Processing Imaging Development Library includes over 600 optimized image processing
routines.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Contact Sales at
Teledyne DALSA
Overview of the X64-CL Express  3
X64-CL Express Cables & Accessories
Item
Product Number
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly supplied with each X64-CL Express (connects to
J4 – see “X64-CL Express: External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly” on page 79)
Note: not used when the X-I/O Module is installed.
OC-64CC-0TIO1
(optional) Power interface cable required when supplying power to cameras
OR-COMC-POW03
(optional) Camera Link Video Input Cable:
1 meter
2 meter
OC-COMC-CLNK0
OC-COMC-CLNK6
(optional) DB25 male to color coded blunt end cable – 6 foot (1.82 meter) length
OC-COMC-XEND1
About the X64-CL Express Frame Grabber
X64-CL Express Series Key Features
 Supports Medium Monochrome Camera Link with Flat Field Correction
 Supports Medium RGB Camera Link
 Supports Base Camera Link with Bayer Filter Decoding
 Supports 2 Base Monochrome Camera Link with Flat Field Correction
 Supports 2 Base RGB Camera Link
 Input lookup tables available for each mode
See “"Technical Specifications" on page 67” for detailed information.
4  Overview of the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express User Programmable Configurations
Using the X64-CL Express firmware loader utility, firmware for one of the supported modes is easily
selected, either during driver installation or manually later on (see "Firmware Update: Manual Mode" on
page 14).
For the X64-CL Express board the firmware choices are:
 One Medium Camera Link Input with Flat Field Correction (installation default selection)
Support for one Base or one Medium Camera Link port. Flat Field Correction (FFC) includes Fixed
Pattern Noise (FPN), Pixel Replacement, Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), and Shading
Correction.
 Two Base Camera Link Inputs with Flat Field Correction
Support for two independent Base Camera Link ports. Flat Field Correction (FFC) includes Fixed
Pattern Noise (FPN), Pixel Replacement, Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU), and Shading
Correction.
 One Base Camera Link Input with Bayer Decoder
Support for one Base Camera Link port with Hardware Bayer CFA (Color Filter Array) Decoder. No
Flat Field Correction is available.
ACUPlus: Acquisition Control Unit
ACUPlus consists of two sets of independent grab controllers, one pixel packer, and one time base
generator. ACUPlus delivers a flexible acquisition front end plus it supports pixel clock rates of up to
85MHz.
ACUPlus acquires variable frame sizes up to 256KB per horizontal line and up to 16 million lines per
frame. ACUPlus can also capture an infinite number of lines from a linescan camera without losing a
single line of data.
ACUPlus supports standard Camera Link multi-tap configurations from 8 to 24-bit/pixels. Additionally,
alternate tap configurations can support up to 8 taps of 8-bits each.
The X64-CL Express model can support two cameras with different tap configurations simultaneously
with the Dual Base firmware loaded.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Overview of the X64-CL Express  5
Camera Link Maximum Acquisition Rates:
This table specifies the X64-CL Express acquisition hardware maximums, not the maximum data transfer
rate through the PCI Express x1 bus to system memory.
Cameras
connected
Camera Link
standard
Maximum Acquisition rate
85 MHz components
Maximum PCIe x1
transfer rate
(including overhead)
2
Base
300 Mbytes/sec
160 Mbytes/sec
1
Medium
300 Mbytes/sec
160 Mbytes/sec
DTE: Intelligent Data Transfer Engine
The X64-CL Express intelligent Data Transfer Engine ensures fast image data transfers between the
board and the host computer with zero CPU usage. The DTE provides a high degree of data integrity
during continuous image acquisition in a non-real time operating system like Windows. DTE consists of
multiple independent DMA units, Tap Descriptor Tables, and Auto-loading Scatter-Gather tables.
PCI Express x1 Interface
The X64-CL Express is a universal PCI Express x1 board, compliant with the PCI Express 1.0
specification. The PCI Express x1 interface supports maximum transfer rates up to 250 Mbytes/sec, while
the X64-CL Express board can achieve transfer rates around 160 Mbytes/sec due to memory management
overhead. The X64-CL Express board occupies one computer expansion slot and one chassis opening
(two slots with the optional X-I/O Module Option).
6  Overview of the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Advanced Controls Overview
Visual Indicators
X64-CL Express features a LED indicator to facilitate system installation and setup. This provides visual
feedback indicating when the camera is connected properly and sending data.
External Event Synchronization
Two sets of dedicated trigger inputs and strobe signals are provided to synchronize precisely image
captures with external events.
Camera Link Communications ports
Two PC independent communication ports provide Camera Link controls for camera configurations.
These ports do not require addition PC resources like free interrupts or I/O address space. Accessible via
the board device driver, the communication ports preset a seamless interface to Windows-based standard
communication applications like HyperTerminal, etc. The communication ports are accessible directly
from the Camera Link connectors.
Quadrature Shaft Encoder
Important feature for web scanning applications, the Quadrature-Shaft-Encoder inputs allow
synchronized line captures from external web encoders.
About the Optional X-I/O Module
The optional X-I/O module adds general purpose software controllable I/O signals to the X64-CL
Express. The X-I/O module provides 2 opto-coupled inputs, 6 logic signal inputs (5V or 24V), and 8 TTL
outputs (NPN or PNP type selectable). The module also makes available 5V or 12V dc power from the
host system.
The X-I/O module can be either purchased with the X64-CL Express board or installed into the computer
system at a later time. The module occupies one adjacent PCI slot and connects to the X64-CL Express
via a ribbon cable. X-I/O Module external connections are made via the DB37 connector on the module
bracket.
X-I/O requires X64-CL Express board driver version 1.00 or later and Sapera LT version 5.30 or later.
See "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 91 for details and specifications.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Overview of the X64-CL Express  7
Development Software Overview
Sapera LT Library
Sapera LT is a powerful development library for image acquisition and control. Sapera LT provides a
single API across all current and future Teledyne DALSA hardware. Sapera LT delivers a comprehensive
feature set including program portability, versatile camera controls, flexible display functionality and
management, plus easy to use application development wizards.
Sapera LT comes bundled with CamExpert, an easy to use camera configuration utility to create new, or
modify existing camera configuration files.
Sapera Processing Library
Sapera Processing is a comprehensive set of C++ classes for image processing and analysis. Sapera
Processing offers highly optimized tools for image processing, blob analysis, search (pattern recognition),
OCR and barcode decoding.
8  Overview of the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express
Warning! (Grounding Instructions)
Static electricity can damage electronic components. Please discharge any static electrical charge by
touching a grounded surface, such as the metal computer chassis, before performing any hardware
installation.
If you do not feel comfortable performing the installation, please consult a qualified computer technician.
Important: Never remove or install any hardware component with the computer power on. Disconnect
the power cord from the computer to disable the power standby mode. This prevents the case where some
computers unexpectedly power up when a board is installed.
Upgrading Sapera or any Teledyne DALSA Board
Driver
When installing a new version of Sapera or a Teledyne DALSA acquisition board driver in a computer
with a previous installation, the current version must be un-installed first. Upgrade scenarios are
described below.
Board Driver Upgrade Only
Minor upgrades to acquisition board drivers are typically distributed as ZIP files available in the Teledyne
DALSA web site www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/download. Board driver revisions are also available on the
next release of the Sapera CD-ROM.
Often minor board driver upgrades do not require a new revision of Sapera. To confirm that the current
Sapera version will work with the new board driver:
 Check the new board driver ReadMe file before installing, for information on the minimum Sapera
version required.
 If the ReadMe file does not specify the Sapera version, contact Teledyne DALSA Technical Support
(see "Technical Support" on page 108 ).
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  9
To upgrade the board driver only:
 Logon the computer as an administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.
 In Windows XP, from the start menu select Start • Control Panel • Add or Remove Programs.
Select the X64-CL board driver and click Remove.
 Windows XP only:

When the driver un-install is complete, reboot the computer.
 Logon the computer as an administrator again.
 In Windows Vista and Windows 7, from the start menu select Start • Control Panel • Programs
and Features. Double-click the X64-CL Express board driver and click Remove.
 Install the new board driver. Run Setup.exe if installing manually from a downloaded driver file.
 If the new driver is on a Sapera CD-ROM follow the installation procedure described in "Installing
X64-CL Express Hardware and Driver" on page 12.
 Note that you can not install a Teledyne DALSA board driver without Sapera LT installed on the
computer.
Sapera and Board Driver Upgrades
When both Sapera and the Teledyne DALSA acquisition board driver are upgraded, follow the procedure
described below.
 Logon the computer as an administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.
 In Windows XP, from the start menu select Start • Control Panel • Add or Remove Programs.
Select the X64-CL Express board driver and click Remove. Follow by also removing the older
version of Sapera LT.
 In Windows Vista and Windows 7, from the start menu select Start • Control Panel • Programs
and Features. Double-click the X64-CL Express board driver and click Remove. Follow by also
removing the older version of Sapera LT.
 Reboot the computer and logon the computer as an administrator again.
 Install the new versions of Sapera and the board driver as if this was a first time installation. See
"Sapera LT Library Installation" on page 11 and “Installing X64-CL Express Hardware and Driver”
on page 12 for installation procedures.
10  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Sapera LT Library Installation
Note: to install Sapera LT and the X64-CL Express device driver, logon to the workstation as an
administrator or with an account that has administrator privileges.
The Sapera LT Development Library (or ‘runtime library’ if application execution without development
is preferred) must be installed before the X64-CL device driver.
 Insert the Sapera CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your computer, the Teledyne DALSA
installation menu is presented.
 If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the CDROM. Execute launch.exe to start the installation menu and install the required Sapera components.
 The installation program will prompt you to reboot the computer.
Refer to Sapera LT User’s Manual for additional details about Sapera LT.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  11
Installing X64-CL Express Hardware and Driver
In a Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 System
 Turn the computer off, disconnect the power cord (disables power standby mode), and open the
computer chassis to allow access to the expansion slot area.
 Install the X64-CL Express into a free PCI Express x1 expansion slot. The X64-CL Express could
also be installed in a PCI Express x4 or x16 slot if that is the free choice.
 Close the computer chassis and turn the computer on. Driver installation requires administrator rights
for the current user of the computer.
 Windows will find the X64-CL Express and start its Found New Hardware Wizard. Click on the
Cancel button to close the Wizard Application.
 Insert the Teledyne DALSA Sapera CD-ROM. If AUTORUN is enabled on your computer, the
installation menu is presented. Install the X64-CL Express driver.
 If AUTORUN is not enabled, use Windows Explorer and browse to the root directory of the CDROM. Execute launch.exe to start the installation menu and install the X64-CL Express driver. Note,
if you are using Windows Vista or Windows 7 with the User Account Control feature enabled, a
dialog is displayed when you execute launch.exe; click Allow to continue with the driver installation.
 Choose the device driver setup type, full installation (required for application development) or
runtime installation (supports application execution only).
 When using Windows XP, if a message stating that the X64-CL Express software has not passed
Windows Logo testing is displayed, click on Continue Anyway to finish the X64-CL Express
driver installation. Reboot the computer when prompted.
 When using Windows Vista or Windows 7, a message asking to install the Teledyne DALSA
device software is displayed. Click Install.
12  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 During the installation the X64-CL Express Device Manager firmware loader application starts.
Click Update All. For more information on the Device Manager application, see "Displaying X64CL Express Board Information" on page 18.
 A dialog box will state when the installation is complete.
X64-CL Express Firmware Loader
After Windows boots, the Device Manager-Firmware Loader program automatically executes. If it
determines that the X64-CL Express board requires a firmware update, a message is displayed asking to
accept an update. Click YES to start the Device Manager and update the board firmware. As described
below, choose automatic mode for the default board configuration or manual mode to select an
alternative.
Important: In the vary rare case of firmware loader errors please see "Recovering from a Firmware
Update Error" on page 21.
Firmware Update: Automatic Mode
Click Automatic to update the X64-CL Express firmware. The X64-CL Express board supports three
firmware configurations with the default being 2 x Base Camera Link cameras with Flat Field correction
mode. See “X64-CL Express Series Key Features” on page 4 and “X64-CL Express User Programmable
Configurations” on page 5 for details on all supported modes, which can be selected via a manual
firmware update.
If there are multiple X64-CL Express boards in the system, all boards will be updated with new firmware.
If any installed X64-CL Express boards installed in a system already have the correct firmware version,
an update is not required. In the following screen shot, a single X64-CL Express board is installed in the
system and the default Medium configuration is ready to be programmed.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  13
Firmware Update: Manual Mode
Select Manual mode to load firmware other then the default version or when, in the case of multiple
X64-CL Express boards in the same system, each requires different firmware.
The figure below shows the Device Manager manual firmware screen. Information on all installed X64CL Express boards, their serial numbers, and their firmware components are shown.
A manual firmware update is as follows:
 Select the X64-CL Express via the board selection box (if there are multiple boards in the system)
 From the Configuration field drop menu select the firmware version required
 Click on the Start Update button
 Observe the firmware update progress in the message output window
 Close the Device manager program when the X64-CL Express board reset complete message is
shown.
Executing the Firmware Loader from the Start Menu
If required, the X64-CL Firmware Loader program is executed via the Windows Start Menu shortcut
Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64-CL Express Device Driver •Firmware Update. A
firmware change after installation is required to select a different Camera Link mode. See "X64-CL
Express User Programmable Configurations" on page 5.
14  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Enabling the Camera Link Serial Control Port
The Camera Link cabling specification includes a serial communication port for direct camera control by
the frame grabber (see "J1: Camera Link Connector 1 " on page 73). The X64-CL Express driver supports
this serial communication port either directly or by mapping it to a host computer COM port. Any serial
port communication program, such as Windows HyperTerminal, can connect to the camera in use and
modify its function modes via its serial port controls. The X64-CL Express serial port supports
communication speeds from 9600 to 115 kbps.
Note: if your serial communication program can directly select the X64-CL Express serial port then
mapping to a system COM port is not necessary.
The X64-CL Express serial port is mapped to an available COM port by using the Sapera Configuration
tool. Run the program from the Windows start menu: Start•Programs•Teledyne DALSA•Sapera
LT•Sapera Configuration.
COM Port Assignment
The lower section of the Sapera Configuration program screen contains the serial port configuration
menu. Configure as follows:
 Use the Physical Port drop menu to select the Sapera board device from all available Sapera boards
with serial ports (when more then one board is in the system).
 Use the Maps to drop menu to assign an available COM number to that Sapera board serial port.
 Click on the Save Settings Now button then the Close button. You are prompted to reboot your
computer to enable the serial port mapping.
 The X64-CL Express serial port, now mapped to COM3 in this example, is available as a serial port
to any serial port application for camera control. Note that this serial port is not listed in the
Windows Control Panel•System Properties•Device Manager because it is a logical serial port
mapping.
 An example setup using Windows HyperTerminal follows (see "Setup Example with Windows
HyperTerminal" on page 16).
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  15
Setup Example with Windows HyperTerminal
 Run HyperTerminal and type a name for the new connection when prompted. Then click OK.
 On the following dialog screen select the COM port to connect with. In this example the X64-CL
Express serial port was previously mapped to COM3 by the Sapera Configuration program.
16  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 HyperTerminal now presents a dialog to configure the COM port properties. Change settings as
required by the camera you are connecting to. Note that the X64-CL Express serial port does not
support hardware flow control.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  17
Displaying X64-CL Express Board Information
The Device Manager program also displays information about the X64-CL Express boards installed in the
system. To view board information run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start •
Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64-CL Express Device Driver • Device Manager.
Device Manager – Board Viewer
The following screen image shows the Device Manager program with the Information/Firmware tab
active. The left window displays all X64-CL Express boards in the system and their individual device
components. The right window displays the information stored in the selected board device. This example
screen shows the X64-CL Express information contained in the EEProm component.
The X64-CL Express device manager report file (BoardInfo.txt) is generated by clicking File • Save
Device Info. This report file may be requested by Teledyne DALSA Technical Support to aid in
troubleshooting installation or operational problems.
18  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Camera to Camera Link Connections
X64-CL Express End Bracket
X64-CL Express
13
1
13
1
26
14
26
14
J1
3M MDR 26 pin
female connector
LED
LED
J2
3M MDR 26 pin
female connector
The hardware installation process is completed with the connection of a supported camera to the X64-CL
Express board using Camera Link cables (see “Camera Link Cables” on page 89).
 The X64-CL Express board supports a camera with one or two Camera Link MDR-26 connectors
(two Base or one Medium – see “Data Port Summary” on page 88 for information on Camera Link
configurations).
 Connect the camera to the J1 connector with a Camera Link cable. When using a Medium camera,
connect the second camera connector to J2.
Refer to section "Connector and Switch Specifications" on page 71 for details on the Camera Link
connectors.
Caution: If the camera is powered by the X64-CL Express, it is very important that the correct power
supply voltage is selected correctly. Refer to "J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector" on page 83 for
information on the selection jumper.
Contact Teledyne DALSA or browse our web site www.teledynedalsa.com/mv for the latest information
on X64-CL Express supported cameras.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  19
Configuring Sapera
Viewing Installed Sapera Servers
The Sapera configuration program (Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT • Sapera
Configuration) allows the user to see all available Sapera servers for the installed Sapera-compatible
boards. The System entry represents the system server. It corresponds to the host machine (your
computer) and is the only server that should always be present.
Increasing Contiguous Memory for Sapera Resources
The Contiguous Memory section lets the user specify the total amount of contiguous memory (a block
of physical memory, occupying consecutive addresses) reserved for the resources needed for Sapera
buffers allocation and Sapera messaging. For both items, the Requested value dialog box shows the
driver default memory setting while the Allocated value displays the amount of contiguous memory that
has been allocated successfully. The default values will generally satisfy the needs of most applications.
The Sapera buffers value determines the total amount of contiguous memory reserved at boot time for
the allocation of dynamic resources used for host frame buffer management such as DMA descriptor
tables plus other kernel needs. Adjust this value higher if your application generates any out-of-memory
error while allocating host frame buffers. You can approximate the amount of contiguous memory
required as follows:
 Calculate the total amount of host memory used for frame buffers
[ number of frame buffers • number of pixels per line • number of lines • (2 - if buffer is 10 or 12
bits) ].
 Provide 1MB for every 256 MB of host frame buffer memory required.
 Add an additional 1 MB if the frame buffers have a short line length, say 1k or less
( the increased number of individual frame buffers requires more resources ).
 Add an additional 2 MB for various static and dynamic Sapera resources.
 Test for any memory error when allocating host buffers. Simply use the Buffer menu of the Sapera
Grab demo program (see "Using the Grab Demo" on page 39) to allocate the number of host buffers
required for your acquisition source. Feel free to test the maximum limit of host buffers possible on
your host system – the Sapera Grab demo will not crash when the requested number of host frame
buffers cannot be allocated.
20  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Host Computer Frame Buffer Memory Limitations
When planning a Sapera application and its host frame buffers used, plus other Sapera memory resources,
do not forget the Windows operating system memory needs. Window XP as an example, should always
have a minimum of 128 MB for itself.
A Sapera application using scatter gather buffers could consume most of the remaining system memory.
When using frame buffers allocated as a single contiguous memory block, typical limitations are one third
of the total system memory with a maximum limit of approximately 100 MB. See the Buffer menu of the
Sapera Grab demo program for information on selecting the type of host buffer memory allocation.
Contiguous Memory for Sapera Messaging
The current value for Sapera messaging determines the total amount of contiguous memory reserved at
boot time for messages allocation. This memory space is used to store arguments when a Sapera function
is called. Increase this value if you are using functions with large arguments, such as arrays and
experience any memory errors.
Troubleshooting Installation Problems
The X64-CL Express (and the X64 family of products) has been tested by Teledyne DALSA in a variety
of computers. Although unlikely, installation problems may occur due to the constant changing nature of
computer equipment and operating systems. This section describes what the user can verify to determine
the problem or the checks to make before contacting Technical Support. Note that information provided
within this section will be updated with the latest information Teledyne DALSA can provide for each
manual version released.
If you require help and need to contact Teledyne DALSA Technical Support, make detailed notes on your
installation and/or test results for our technical support to review. See "Technical Support" on page 108
for contact information.
Recovering from a Firmware Update Error
This procedure is required if any failure occurred while updating the X64-CL Express firmware on
installation or during a manual firmware upgrade. On the rare occasion the board has corrupted firmware,
any Sapera application such as CamExpert or the grab demo program will not find an installed board to
control.
Possible reasons for firmware loading errors or corruption are:
 Computer system mains power failure or deep brown-out.
 PCI bus or checksum errors.
 PCI bus timeout conditions due to other devices.
 User forcing a partial firmware upload using an invalid firmware source file.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  21
When the X64-CL Express firmware is corrupted, executing a manual firmware upload will not work
because the firmware loader can not communicate with the board. In an extreme case, corrupted firmware
may even prevent Windows from booting.
Solution: The user manually forces the board to initialize from write protected firmware designed only to
allow driver firmware uploads. When the firmware upload is complete, the board is then rebooted to
initialize in its normal operational mode.
 This procedure requires removing the X64-CL Express board several times from the computer.
 Important: Referring to the board's user manual (in the connectors and jumpers reference section),
identify the configuration jumper location. The Boot Recovery Mode jumper for the X64-CL Express
is J11 (see "J11: Start Mode" on page 84).
 Shut down Windows and power OFF the computer.
 Remove the shorting jumper installed on J11. The default position is J11 installed for normal
operation, while the jumper removed is for the boot recovery mode position.
 Power on the computer. Windows will boot normally.
 When Windows has started, do a manual firmware update procedure to update the firmware again
(see "Executing the Firmware Loader from the Start Menu" on page 14).
 When the update is complete, shut down Windows and power off the computer.
 Set the shorting jumper back onto J11 (i.e. default position) and power on the computer once again.
 Verify that the frame grabber is functioning by running a Sapera application such as CamExpert. The
Sapera application will now be able to communicate with the X64-CL Express board.
Windows Event Viewer
Windows Event Viewer (Computer Management • System Tools • Event Viewer), lists various events
that have taken place during the Operating System boot sequence. If a driver generates an error, it will
normally log an entry in the event list.
Device Manager Program
The Device Manager program provides a convenient method of collecting information about the installed
X64-CL Express. System information such as operating system, computer CPU, system memory, PCI
configuration space, plus X64-CL Express firmware information can be displayed or written to a text file
(default file name – BoardInfo.txt). Note that this is a second function mode of the same program used to
manually upload firmware to the X64-CL Express.
Execute the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64CL Express Device Driver • Device Manager. If the Device Manager program does not run, it will exit
with a message that the board was not found. Since the X64-CL Express board must have been in the
system to install the board driver, possible reasons for an error are:
 Board was removed
 Board driver did not start or was terminated
 PCI conflict after some other device was installed
22  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Information Window
The following figure shows the Device Manager information screen. Click to highlight one of the board
components and the information for that item is shown on the right hand window, as described below.
 Select Information to display identification and information stored in the X64-CL Express
firmware.
 Select Firmware to display version information for the firmware components.
 Select one of the firmware components to load custom firmware when supplied by Teledyne DALSA
engineering for a future feature.
 Click on File • Save Device Info to save all information to a text file. Email this file when requested
by Technical Support.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  23
PCI Configuration
One of the first items to check when there is a problem with any PCI board is to examine the system PCI
configuration and ensure that there are no conflicts with other PCI or system devices. The PCI Diagnostic
program (cpcidiag.exe) allows examination of the PCI configuration registers and can save this
information to a text file. Run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start • Programs •
Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT • Tools • PCI Diagnostics.
As shown in the following screen image, use the first drop menu to select the PCI device to examine.
Select the device from DALSA. Note the bus and slot number of the installed board (this will be unique
for each system unless systems are setup identically). Click on the Diagnostic button to view an analysis
of the system PCI configuration space.
Clicking on the Diagnostic button opens a new window with the diagnostic report. From the PCI Bus
Number drop menu select the bus number that the X64-CL Express is installed in—in this example the
slot is bus 1.
The window now shows the I/O and memory ranges used by each device on the selected PCI bus. The
information display box will detail any PCI conflicts. If there is a problem, click on the Save button. A
file named ‘pcidiag.txt’ is created (in the Sapera\bin directory) with a full dump of the PCI configuration
registers. Email this file when requested by the Teledyne DALSA Technical Support group along with a
full description of your computer.
24  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Sapera and Hardware Windows Drivers
The next step is to make certain the appropriate drivers have started successfully during the boot
sequence. Example, click on the Start • Programs • Accessories • System Tools • System Information
• Software Environment. Click on System Drivers (Windows XP). Make certain the following drivers
have started for the X64-CL Express .
Device
Description
Type
Started
CorX64Expr
X64-CL Express driver
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorLog
Sapera Log viewer
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorMem
Sapera Memory manager
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorPci
Sapera PCI configuration
Kernel Driver
Yes
CorSerial
Sapera Serial Port manager
Kernel Driver
Yes
Teledyne DALSA Technical Support may request that you check the status of these drivers as part of the
troubleshooting process.
Log Viewer
The third step in the verification process is to save in a text file the information collected by the Log
Viewer program. Run the program via the Windows Start Menu shortcut Start • Programs • Teledyne
DALSA • Sapera LT • Tools • Log Viewer.
The Log Viewer lists information about the installed drivers. Click on File • Save and you will be
prompted for a text file name to save the Log Viewer contents. Email this text file to Teledyne DALSA
Technical Support when requested or as part of your initial contact email.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  25
Windows Device Manager
In Windows XP, use the Start Menu shortcut Start • Settings • Control Panel • System • Hardware •
Device Manager. As shown in the following screen images, look for X64-CL Express board under
“Imaging Devices”. Double-click and look at the device status. You should see “This device is working
properly.” Go to “Resources” tab and make certain that the device is mapped and has an interrupt
assigned to it, without any conflicts.
Memory Requirements with Area Scan Acquisitions
The X64-CL Express by default allocates two frame buffers in onboard memory, each equal in size to the
acquisition frame buffer. This double buffering memory allocation is automatic at the driver level. The
X64-CL Express driver uses two buffers to ensure that the acquired video frame is complete and not
corrupted in cases where the image transfer to host system memory may be interrupted and delayed by
other host system processes. That is, the image acquisition to one frame buffer is not interrupted by any
delays in transfer of the other frame buffer (which contains the previously acquired video frame) to
system memory. Note that the number of onboard frame buffers is programmable.
The total size of the two internal frame buffers must be somewhat smaller than the total onboard memory
due to memory overhead required for image transfer management. When the X64-CL Express does not
have enough onboard memory for the requested number of frame buffers, the memory error message
[ Error: "CorXferConnect" <Xfer module> - No memory () ] occurs when loading a Sapera camera
file, or when the application configures a frame buffer.
26  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Symptoms: CamExpert Detects no Boards
 If using Sapera version 5.30 or later:
When starting CamExpert, if no Teledyne DALSA board is detected, CamExpert will start in offline
mode. There is no error message and CamExpert is functional for creating or modifying a camera
configuration file. If CamExpert should have detected the installed board, troubleshoot the
installation problem as described below.
Troubleshooting Procedure
When CamExpert detects no installed Teledyne DALSA board, there could be a hardware problem, a PnP
problem, a PCI problem, a kernel driver problem, or a software installation problem.
 Make certain that the card is properly seated in PCIe slot.
 Perform all installation checks described in this section (“Troubleshooting Installation Problems” on
page 21) before contacting Technical Support.
 Try the board in a different PCIe slot if available.
Symptoms: X64-CL Express Does Not Grab
You are able to start Sapera CamExpert but you do not see an image and the frame rate displayed is 0.
 Verify power is connected to the camera.
 Verify the camera and timing parameters with the camera in free run mode.
 Verify you can grab with the camera in free run mode.
 Make certain that you provide an external trigger if the camera configuration file requires one. Use
the software trigger feature of CamExpert if you do not have a trigger source.
 Make certain that the camera is properly connected to the cable.
 Make certain that the camera is configured for the proper mode of operation. This must match the
camera configuration file. Refer to your camera datasheet.
 Try to snap one frame instead of continuous grab.
 Perform all installation checks described in this section (“Troubleshooting Installation Problems” on
page 21) before contacting Technical Support.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Installing the X64-CL Express  27
Symptoms: Card grabs black
You are able to use Sapera CamExpert, the displayed frame rate is as expected, but the display is always
black.
 Set your camera to manual exposure mode and set the exposure to a longer period, plus open the lens
iris.
 Try to snap one frame instead of continuous grab.
 Make certain that the input LUT is not programmed to output all ‘0’s.
 This problem is sometimes caused by a PCIe transfer issue. No PCIe transfer takes place, so the
frame rate is above 0 but nevertheless no image is displayed in CamExpert.
 Make certain that BUS MASTER bit in the PCIe configuration space is activated. Look in PCI
Diagnostics for BM button under “Command” group. Make certain that the BM button is activated.
 Perform all installation checks described in this section (“Troubleshooting Installation Problems” on
page 21) before contacting Technical Support.
Symptoms: Card acquisition bandwidth is less than expected
The X64-CL Express acquisition bandwidth is less than expected.
 Review the system for problems or conflicts with other expansion boards or drivers.
 Remove other PCI Express, PCI-32 or PCI-64 boards and check acquisition bandwidth again.
engineering has seen this case where other PCI boards in some systems cause limitations in transfers.
Each system, with its combination of system motherboard and PCI boards, will be unique and will
need to be tested for bandwidth limitations affecting the imaging application.
28  Installing the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for
the X64-CL Express
Interfacing Cameras with CamExpert
CamExpert is the camera interfacing tool for frame grabber boards supported by the Sapera library.
CamExpert generates the Sapera camera configuration file (yourcamera.ccf) based on timing and control
parameters entered. For backward compatibility with previous versions of Sapera, CamExpert also reads
and writes the *.cca and *.cvi camera parameter files.
Every Sapera demo program starts by a dialog window to select a camera configuration file. Even when
using the X64-CL Express with common video signals, a camera file is required. Therefore CamExpert is
typically the first Sapera application run after an installation. Obviously existing .ccf files can be copied
to the new installation when similar cameras are used.
CamExpert Example with a Monochrome Camera
The image below shows CamExpert with the X64-CL Express. The camera outputs monochrome 8-bit
video on a Base Camera Link interface. After selecting the camera model, the timing parameters are
displayed and the user can test by clicking on Grab. Descriptions of the CamExpert windows follows the
image.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express  29
The CamExpert sections are:
 Device: Select which acquisition device to control and configure a camera file for. Required in cases
where there are multiple boards in a system and also when one board supports multiple acquisition
types. Note in this example, the X64-CL Express was installed with Medium Camera Link support
for monochrome or RGB cameras.
 Camera: Select the timing for a specific camera model included with the Sapera installation or a
standard video standard. The User's subsection is where created camera files are stored.
 Timing & Control Parameters: The central section of CamExpert provides access to the various
Sapera parameters supported by X64-CL Express. There are four or five tabs dependent on the
acquisition board, as described below:
Basic Timing Parameters
Basic parameters used to define the timing of the camera. This
includes the vertical, horizontal, and pixel clock frequency. This tab
is sufficient to configure a free-running camera.
Advanced Control Parameters
Advanced parameters used to configure camera control mode and
strobe output. Also provides analog signal conditioning (brightness,
contrast, DC restoration, etc.) for analog boards.
External Trigger Parameters
Parameters to configure the external trigger characteristics.
Image Buffer and AOI Parameters
Control of the host buffer dimension and format.
Multi-Camera Control Parameters
Dependent on the frame acquisition board, provides camera
selection and color planar transfer selection.
30  CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 Display: An important component of CamExpert is its live acquisition display window which allows
immediate verification of timing or control parameters without the need to run a separate acquisition
program. Grab starts continuous acquisition (button then toggles to Freeze to stop). Snap is a single
frame grab. Trigger is a software trigger to emulate an external source.
 Output Messages and Bottom Status Bar: Events and errors are logged for review. Camera
connection status is displayed where green indicates signal present.
For context sensitive help click on the
button then click on a camera configuration parameter. A
short description of the configuration parameter will be shown in a popup. Click on the
open the help file for more descriptive information on CamExpert.
button to
CamExpert Demonstration and Test Tools
The CamExpert utility also includes a number of demonstration features which make CamExpert the
primary tool to configure, test and calibrate your camera and imaging setup. Display tools include, image
pixel value readout, image zoom, and line profiler.
Functional tools include hardware Flat Field calibration and operation support (see “Using the Flat Field
Correction Tool” on page 34), plus support for either hardware based or software Bayer filter camera
decoding with auto white balance calibration (see “Using the Bayer Filter Tool” on page 36).
Camera Types & Files Applicable to the
X64-CL Express
The X64-CL Express supports digital area scan or linescan cameras using the Camera Link interface
standard. See "Camera to Camera Link Connections" on page 19 for information on connecting a Camera
Link camera.
Contact Teledyne DALSA or browse our web site [www.teledynedalsa.com/mv] for the latest
information and application notes on X64-CL Express supported cameras.
Camera Files Distributed with Sapera
The Sapera distribution CDROM includes camera files for a selection of X64-CL Express supported
cameras. Using the Sapera CamExpert program, you may use the camera files (CCA) provided to
generate a camera configuration file (CCF) that describes the desired camera and frame grabber
configuration..
Teledyne DALSA continually updates a camera application library composed of application information
and prepared camera files. Along with the camera search utility on the Teledyne DALSA web site, as
described above, a number of camera files are ready to download. Camera files are ASCII text and can be
read with Windows Notepad on any computer without having Sapera installed.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express  31
CamExpert Memory Errors when Loading Camera
Configuration Files
See section "Memory Requirements with Area Scan Acquisitions" on page 26.
Overview of Sapera Acquisition Parameter Files (*.ccf or
*.cca/*.cvi)
Concepts and Differences between the Parameter Files
There are two components to the legacy Sapera acquisition parameter file set: CCA files (also called camfiles) and CVI files (also called VIC files, i.e. video input conditioning). The files store video-signal
parameters (CCA) and video conditioning parameters (CVI), which in turn simplifies programming the
frame-grabber acquisition hardware for the camera in use. Sapera LT 5.0 introduces a new camera
configuration file (CCF) that combines the CCA and CVI files into one file.
Typically, a camera application will use a CCF file per camera operating mode (or one CCA file in
conjunction with several CVI files, where each CVI file defines a specific camera operating mode). An
application can also have multiple CCA/CCF files so as to support different image format modes
supported by the camera or sensor (such as image binning or variable ROI).
CCF File Details
Files using the “.CCF” extension, (Camera Configuration files), are essentially the camera (CCA) and
frame grabber (CVI) parameters grouped into one file for easier configuration file management. This is
the default Camera Configuration file used with Sapera LT 5.0 and the CamExpert utility.
CCA File Details
Teledyne DALSA distributes camera files using the “.CCA” extension, (CAMERA files), which contain
all parameters describing the camera video signal characteristics and operation modes (what the camera
outputs). The Sapera parameter groups within the file are:
 Video format and pixel definition.
 Video resolution (pixel rate, pixels per line, lines per frame).
 Synchronization source and timing.
 Channels/Taps configuration.
 Supported camera modes and related parameters.
 External signal assignment.
CVI File Details
Legacy files using the “.CVI” extension, (VIDEO files), contain all operating parameters related to the
frame grabber board - what the frame grabber can actually do with camera controls or incoming video.
The Sapera parameter groups within the file are:
 Activate and set any supported camera control mode or control variable.
 Define the integration mode and duration.
32  CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 Define the strobe output control.
 Allocate the frame grabber transfer ROI, the host video buffer size and buffer type (RGB888,
RGB101010, MONO8, MONO16).
 Configuration of line/frame trigger parameters such as source (internal via the frame grabber
/external via some outside event), electrical format (TTL, LVDS, OPTO-isolated), and signal active
edge or level characterization.
Camera Interfacing Check List
Before undertaking the task of interfacing a camera from scratch with CamExpert:
 Confirm that Teledyne DALSA has not already published an application note with camera files
[www.teledynedalsa.com/mv].
 Confirm that the correct version or board revision of X64-CL Express is used. Confirm that the
required firmware is loaded into the X64-CL Express .
 Confirm that Sapera does not already have a .cca file for your camera installed on your hard disk. If
there is a .cca file supplied with Sapera, then use CamExpert to automatically generate the .ccf file
with default parameter values matching the frame grabber capabilities.
 Check if the Sapera installation has a similar type of camera file. A similar .cca file can be loaded
into CamExpert where it is modified to match timing and operating parameters for your camera, and
lastly save them as Camera Configuration file (.ccf).
 Finally, if your camera type has never been interfaced, run CamExpert after installing Sapera and the
acquisition board driver, select the board acquisition server, and manually enter the camera
parameters.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express  33
Using the Flat Field Correction Tool
Flat Field Correction is the process of eliminating small gain differences between pixels in a sensor array.
That sensor when exposed to a uniformly lit field will have no gray level differences between pixels when
calibrated flat field correction is applied to the image. The CamExpert Flat Field tool functions with
hardware supporting flat field processing.
X64-CL Express Flat Field Support
The X64-CL Express supports hardware based real-time Flat Field Correction when used with its dual
Base or one Medium configuration.
Important: Flat field and flat line correction impose limitations to the maximum acquisition frame rate.
Please contact the Teledyne DALSA support group for more details on camera specific maximum
supported acquisition rates.
Loading the Required Camera File
Select the required camera configuration file for the connected camera. Verify the acquisition with the
live grab function. Make camera adjustments to get good images.
Also at this time make preparations to grab a flat gray level image such as a clean evenly lighted white
wall or non-glossy paper. Note the lens iris position for a white but not saturated image. This white image
is required for the calibration process.
Flat Field Correction Calibration Procedure
Calibration is the process of taking two reference images, one of a black field – one of a light gray field
(not saturated), to generate correction data for images captured by the CCD. Each CCD pixel data is
modified by the correction factor generated by the calibration process, so that each pixel now has an
identical response to the same illumination.
Start the Flat Field calibration tool via the CamExpert menu bar:
Tools • Flat Field Correction • Calibration.
Flat Field Calibration Window
The Flat Field calibration window provides a three step process to acquire two reference images and then
save the flat field correction data for the camera used. To aid in determining if the reference images are
valid, a histogram tool is provided so that the user can review the images used for the correction data.
34  CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 Setup the camera to capture a uniform black image. Black paper with no illumination and the camera
lens’ iris closed to minimum can provide such a black image.
 Click on Acquire Black Image. The flat field demo will grab a video frame, analyze the pixel gray
level spread, and present the statistics. The desired black reference image should have pixel values
less then 20. If acceptable accept the image as the black reference.
 Setup the camera to acquire a uniform white image (but not saturated white). Even illumination on
white paper can be used, with a gray level of 128 minimum. It is preferable to prepare for the white
level calibration before the calibration procedure.
 Click on Acquire White Image. The flat field demo will grab a video frame, analyze the pixel gray
level spread, and present the statistics. The captured gray level for all pixels should be greater than
128. If acceptable accept the image as the white reference.
 Click on Save. The flat field correction data is saved as a TIF image with a file name of your choice
(such as camera name and serial number).
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express  35
Using Flat Field Correction
From the CamExpert menu bar enable Flat Field correction (Tools • Flat Field Correction • Enable).
Now when doing a live grab or snap, the incoming image is corrected by the current flat field calibration
data for each pixel.
Use the menu function Tools • Flat Field Correction • Load to load in a flat field correction image from
a previous saved calibration data. CamExpert allows saving and loading calibration data for all cameras
used with the imaging system.
Using the Bayer Filter Tool
CamExpert supports the use of Bayer Filter cameras by providing a tool to select the Bayer filter mosaic
pattern and to perform an auto white balance. Color calibration can then be manually fine tuned with
RGB gain and gamma adjustments.
The CamExpert Bayer filter tool supports using both software or hardware based decoding. With boards
that have Bayer filter decoding in hardware, such as the X64-CL Express with its Bayer decoding
configuration, CamExpert directly controls the hardware for high performance real-time acquisitions
from Bayer filter cameras. When standard acquisition boards are used, CamExpert performs software
Bayer filter decoding using the host system.
Bayer Filter White Balance Calibration Procedure
The following procedure uses an X64-CL Express with hardware Bayer filter support (i.e. Medium
Camera Link Bayer Decoder firmware loaded) and any supported Bayer color camera. It is assumed that
CamExpert was used to generate a camera file with correct camera timing parameters.
 On the CamExpert menu bar, click on Tools • Bayer Filter. The following menu should show
Hardware selected by default when the X64-CL Express has Bayer support.
 Select Setting to access the color calibration window (see following figure).
36  CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 Click Grab to start live acquisition.
 Aim and focus the camera. The camera should see an area of white or place white paper in front of
the object being imaged.
 Click on one of the four Bayer pixel alignment patterns to match the camera (best color before
calibration). Typically the CamExpert default is correct for a majority of cameras.
 Adjust the lens iris to reduce the exposure brightness so that the white image area is now darker.
Make certain that no pixel in the white area is saturated.
 Using the mouse left button, click and drag a ROI enclosing a portion of the white area.
 Click on the Auto White Balance button. CamExpert will make RGB gain adjustments.
 Open the camera iris to have a correctly exposed image.
 Review the image for color balance.
 Manually make additional adjustments to the RGB gain values. Fine tune the color balance to
achieve best results. Adjust the gamma factor to additionally improve the display.
 Stop the live acquisition and save camera file (which now contains the Bayer RGB calibration
information). Note that the gamma factor is not save because it is not a Sapera parameter but only a
display tool.
Using the Bayer Filter
A Sapera application, when loading the camera file parameters, will have the RGB gain adjustment
values. The application can provide the calibration window to make RGB adjustments as required.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express  37
38  CamExpert Quick Start for the X64-CL Express
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Sapera Demo Applications
Grab Demo Overview
Program
Start•Programs•Teledyne DALSA•Sapera LT•Demos•Grab Demo
Program file
\DALSA\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\GrabDemo\Release\GrabDemo.exe
Workspace
\DALSA\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos.dsw
.NET
Solution
\DALSA \Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos_2003.sln
Description
This program demonstrates the basic acquisition functions included in the Sapera
library. The program allows you to acquire images, either in continuous or in oneshot mode, while adjusting the acquisition parameters. The program code may be
extracted for use within your own application.
Remarks
This demo is built using Visual C++ 6.0 using the MFC library. It is based on
Sapera C++ classes. See the Sapera User’s and Reference manuals for more
information.
Using the Grab Demo
Server Selection
Run the grab demo from the start menu Start•Programs•Sapera LT•Demos•Grab Demo.
The demo program first displays the acquisition configuration menu. The first drop menu displayed
permits selecting from any installed Sapera acquisition servers (installed Teledyne DALSA acquisition
hardware using Sapera drivers). The second drop menu permits selecting from the available input devices
present on the selected server.
CCF File Selection
The acquisition configuration menu is also used to select the required camera configuration file for the
connected camera. Sapera camera files contain timing parameters and video conditioning parameters. The
default folder for camera configuration files is also used by the CamExpert utility to save user generated
or modified camera files.
Use the Sapera CamExpert utility program to generate the camera configuration file based on timing and
control parameters entered. The CamExpert live acquisition window allows immediate verification of
those parameters. CamExpert reads both Sapera *.cca and *.cvi for backward compatibility with the
original Sapera camera files.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Sapera Demo Applications  39
Grab Demo Main Window
Refer to the Sapera LT User's Manual (OC-SAPM-USER), in section "Demos and Examples – Acquiring
with Grab Demo", for more information on the Grab Demo.
Flat-Field Demo Overview
Program
Start•Programs•Sapera LT•Demos•Sapera++•Flat Field Demo
Program file
\DALSA \Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\FlatFieldDemo\Release\FlatfieldDemo.exe
Workspace
\DALSA\Sapera\Demos\Classes\vc\SapDemos.dsw
Description
This program demonstrates Flat Field or Flat Line processing, either performed by
supporting Teledyne DALSA hardware or performed on the host system via the
Sapera library. The program allows you to acquire a flat field or flat line reference
image, and then do real time correction either in continuous or single acquisition
mode. The program code may be extracted for use within your own application.
Remarks
This demo is built using Visual C++ 6.0 using the MFC library. It is based on
Sapera C++ classes. See the Sapera User’s and Reference manuals for more
information.
Using the Flat Field Demo
Refer to the Sapera LT User's Manual (OC-SAPM-USER), in section "Using the Flat Field Demo", for
more information.
40  Sapera Demo Applications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express Medium Block Diagram
MDR26 #1
Twisted Pairs
24
Data &
Grab Controls
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK
4
2
CLK
CameraLink
Receiver
CC1
CC2
CC3
CC4
LVDS
Drivers and
Receiver
TX
RX
UART #1
4
TX
RX
Time Base
MDR26 #2
Twisted Pairs
24
Data &
Grab Controls
iLUT
4
CLK
CameraLink
Receiver
2
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK
iLUT
Frame Buffer
Memory
(32 MB)
ACU-Plus
Data
Status Indicator 1
Camera On/Grab On
Data
LED
Destination Buffer
Address Table
DTE
Data-Transfer-Engine
Aux. Slot
Shaft Encoder
Phase A/B
LVDS
TTL / LVDS
Trigger In
Power Out
User Selected
Processing Engine
TTL
Strobe
I/O Controller
1.5A/reset 12V
5V
Power Gnd
Data
Control
Control
X64-CL Express
PCI Express x1 Controller
Medium Configuration
Simplified Block Diagram
Host PCI Express x1 Slot
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  41
X64-CL Express Dual Base Block Diagram
Twisted Pairs
MDR26 #1
24
Data
4
&
Grab Controls
CLK
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK1
CameraLink
Receiver
2
CC1
CC2
CC3
CC4
LVDS
Drivers and
Receiver
TX
RX
UART #1
iLUT
4
TX
RX
Time Base # 1
MDR26 #2
Data
FVAL
LVAL
DVAL
SPARE
CLK 2
Twisted Pairs
24
Data
4
&
Grab Controls
CLK
CC1
CC2
CC3
CC4
TX
RX
CameraLink
Receiver
2
iLUT
Frame Buffer
Memory
(32 MB)
ACU-Plus
LVDS
Drivers and
Receiver
4
Data
TX
UART #2
RX
Time Base # 2
LEDs
Indicators
Status Indicator 1
Camera On/Grab On
Status Indicator 2
Camera On/Grab On
Aux. Slot
Trigger In
Power Out
Data-Transfer-Engine
TTL
Phase A/B
LVDS
2
Destination Buffer
Address Table
DTE
2
Strobe
Shaft Encoder
Data
TTL / LVDS
User Selected
Processing Engine
I/O Controller
1.5A/reset 12V
5V
Power Gnd
Data
Control
Control
X64-CL Express
Dual Configuration
PCI Express x1 Controller
Simplified Block Diagram
Host PCI Express x1 Bus
42  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Acquisition Timing
DATA
last8
first7
PCLK2
Pixel Clock Range: 20 MHz up to 85 MHz
LVAL/FVAL setup time 1: Minimum 15ns
LVAL3
(Hsync)
Min/Max9
FVAL
(Vsync)
HB5
Min/Max4,9
VB6

1
The setup times for LVAL and FVAL are the same. Both must be high and stable before the rising edge of the Pixel
Clock.

2
Pixel Clock must always be present.

3
LVAL must be active high to acquire camera data.

4
Minimum of 1.

5
HB - Horizontal Blanking:
Minimum:
Maximum:

4 clocks/cycle
no limits
6
VB - Vertical Blanking:
Minimum:
Maximum:
1 line
no limits

7
First Active Pixel (unless otherwise specified in the CCA file – "Horizontal Back invalid = x" where ‘x’ defines the
number of pixels to be skipped).

8
Last Active Pixel – defined in the CCA file under "Horizontal active = y" – where ‘y’ is the total number of active
pixels per tap.

9
Maximum Valid Data:

8-bits/pixel x 256K Pixels/line (LVAL)

16-bits/pixel x 128K Pixels/line (LVAL)

32-bits/pixel x 64K Pixels/line (LVAL)

64-bits/pixel x 32K Pixels/line (LVAL)

16,000,000 lines (FVAL)
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  43
Line Trigger Source Selection for Linescan
Applications
Linescan imaging applications require some form of external event trigger to synchronize linescan
camera exposures to the moving object. This synchronization signal is either an external trigger source
(one exposure per trigger event) or a shaft encoder source composed of a single or dual phase
(quadrature) signal. The X64-CL Express shaft encoder inputs provide additional functionality with pulse
drop or pulse multiply support.
The following table describes the line trigger source types supported by the X64-CL Express. Refer to the
Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual (OC-SAPM-APR00) for descriptions of the Sapera
parameters.
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE – Parameter
Values Specific to the X64-CL series
PRM Value
Active Shaft Encoder Input
0
Default
1
Use phase A
2
Use phase B
3
Use phase A & B
4
From Board Sync
5
Phase A & B,
shaft encoder after pulse drop/multiply output to
Board Sync
6
Phase A & B,
camera line trigger output to Board Sync
44  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE full description relative to trigger
type and X64-CL Express configuration used:
PRM
Value
0
1
2
3, 5, 6
4
X64-CL Express
configuration &
camera input
used
Dual - Camera #1
External Line Trigger
Signal used
External Shaft Encoder
Signal used
if
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_
TRIGGER_ENABLE = true
if
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_
ENCODER_ENABLE =true
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Medium - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Medium - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Shaft Encoder Phase A
Dual - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Dual - Camera #2
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Medium - Camera #1
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Shaft Encoder Phase B
Dual - Camera #1
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual - Camera #2
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Medium - Camera #1
n/a
Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
Dual Camera #1
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
Dual Camera #2
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
Medium Camera #1
From Board Sync
From Board Sync
See "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 76 for shaft encoder input connector details.
CVI/CCF File Parameters Used

External Line Trigger Source = prm value

External Line Trigger Enable = true/false

Shaft Encoder Enable = true/false
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  45
Shaft Encoder Interface Timing
Connector J4, Dual Balanced Shaft Encoder Inputs:
 Input 1:
Pin 15 (Phase A +) & Pin 16 (Phase A -)
 Input 2:
Pin 17 (Phase B +) & Pin 18 (Phase B -)
(see "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 76 for complete connector signal details)

(Also see “X64-CL Express: External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly” on page 79 for pinout)
Web inspection systems with variable web speeds typically provide one or two synchronization signals
from a web mounted encoder to coordinate trigger signals. These trigger signals are used by the
acquisition linescan camera. The X64-CL Express supports single or dual shaft encoder signals. Dual
encoder signals are typically 90 degrees out of phase relative to each other and provide greater web
motion resolution.
When enabled, the camera is triggered and acquires one scan line for each shaft encoder pulse edge. To
optimize the web application, a second Sapera parameter defines the number of triggers to skip between
valid acquisition triggers. The figure below depicts a system where a valid camera trigger is any pulse
edge from either shaft encoder signal. After a trigger the two following triggers are ignored (as defined by
the Sapera pulse drop parameter).
K = Keep
D = Drop or Skip
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
K
D
D
Shaft Encoder phase A
Shaft Encoder phase B
Line acquired
Note: in this example, Number of trigger to drop = 2
Note that camera file parameters are best modified by using the Sapera CamExpert program.
46  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CVI/CCF File Parameters Used
Shaft Encoder Enable = X, where:

If X = 1, Shaft Encoder is enabled

If X = 0, Shaft Encoder is disabled
Shaft Encoder Pulse Drop = X, where:

X = number of trigger pulses ignored between valid triggers
For information on camera configuration files see the Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual
(OC-SAPM-APR00).
Virtual Frame Trigger for Linescan Cameras
When using linescan cameras a frame buffer is allocated in host system memory to store captured video
lines. To control when a video line is stored as the first line in this “virtual” frame buffer, an external
frame trigger signal is used. The number of lines sequentially grabbed and stored in the virtual frame
buffer is controlled by the Sapera vertical cropping parameter.
Virtual Frame Trigger Timing Diagram
The following timing diagram shows an example of grabbing 10 video lines from a linescan camera and
the use of virtual frame trigger to define when a video line is stored at the beginning of the virtual frame
buffer. The virtual frame trigger signal (generated by some external event) is input on the X64-CL
Express trigger input.
 Virtual frame trigger can be TTL 5V or LVDS and be rising or falling edge active, active high or
low, or double pulse rising or falling edge.
 Virtual frame trigger control is configured for rising edge trigger in this example.
 Virtual frame trigger connects to the X64-CL Express via the External Trigger Input 1 & 2
balanced inputs on connector J4, Input 1: pin 11 (+) and 12 (-), Input 2: pin 13 (+) and 14 (-).
 After the X64-CL Express receives a virtual frame trigger, the camera control signal is output to the
camera to trigger n lines of video as per the defined virtual frame size.
 The camera control signal is either based on timing controls input on one or both X64-CL Express
shaft encoder inputs (see “J4: External Signals Connector ” on page 76 pinout) or an internal X64-CL
Express clock.
 The number of lines captured is specified by the Sapera vertical cropping parameter.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  47
Synchronization Signals for a Virtual Frame of 10 Lines.
The following timing diagram shows the relationship between external Frame Trigger input, external
Shaft Encoder input (one phase used), and camera control output to the camera.
Virtual Frame
Trigger
In
Shaft Encoder
In
EXSYNC
Out
LVAL
In
Video Line
In
Note:
In this example, 10 lines are acquired
The Maximum frame rate = Max. Line Rate / nb lines (Hz)
In / Out signal reference is relative to frame grabber
CCF File Parameters Used
The parameters listed below provide the control functionality for virtual frame reset. Applications either
load pre-configured .CCF files or change these parameters directly during runtime.
Note that camera file parameters are best modified by using the Sapera CamExpert program.
External Frame Trigger Enable = X (with Virtual Frame Trigger enabled), where:

If X = 1, External Frame Trigger is enabled

If X = 0, External Frame Trigger is disabled
External Frame Trigger Detection = Y (with Virtual Frame Trigger edge select), where:

If Y= 1, External Frame Trigger is active low

If Y= 2, External Frame Trigger is active high

If Y= 4, External Frame Trigger is active on rising edge

If Y= 8, External Frame Trigger is active on falling edge

If Y= 32, External Frame Trigger is dual-input rising edge

If Y= 64, External Frame Trigger is dual-input falling edge
External Frame Trigger Level = Z (with Virtual Frame Trigger signal type), where:

If Z= 2, External Frame Trigger is a RS-422/LVDS signal
For information on camera files see the Sapera Acquisition Parameters Reference Manual (OC-SAPMAPR00).
48  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Acquisition Methods
Sapera acquisition methods define the control and timing of the camera and frame grabber board. Various
methods are available, grouped as:
 Camera Trigger Methods (method 1 and 2 supported)
 Line Integration Methods (method 1 through 4 supported)
 Line Trigger Method 1 supported
 Time Integration Methods (method 1 through 8 supported)
 Strobe Methods (method 1 through 4 supported)
Refer to the Sapera LT Acquisition Parameters Reference manual (OC-SAPM-APR00) for detailed
information concerning camera and acquisition control methods.
X64-CL Express LUT availability
The following table defines the X64-CL Express input LUT availability.
Number of
Digital Bits
Number of
Taps
Medium
Number of
Taps
Dual Base
Output Pixel
Format
LUT
Format
3
MONO 8
8-in, 8-out
3
MONO 16
-
Notes
8
4
8
4
10
4
2
MONO 8
10-in, 8-out
10
4
2
MONO 16
10-in, 10-out
12
4
2
MONO 8
12-in, 8-out
8 MSB
12
4
2
MONO 16
12-in, 12-out
12 bits in 12 LSBs of 16-bit
14
-
-
MONO 8
-
14
-
-
MONO 16
-
Not Supported
16
-
-
MONO 8
-
Not Supported
Not Supported
Not Supported
10 bits in 10 LSBs of 16-bit
Not Supported
16
-
-
MONO 16
-
8 x 3 (RGB)
2
1
RGB8888
3 x 8 bit
8 x 3 (RGB)
1
1
RGB101010
-
10 x 3 (RGB)
1
-
RGB888
Medium only
10 x 3 (RGB)
1
-
RGB101010
Medium only
12 x 3 (RGB)
1
-
RGB101010
Medium only
12 x 3 (RGB)
1
-
RGB8888
Medium only
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Not Supported
X64-CL Express Reference  49
Trigger To Image Reliability
Trigger-to-image reliability incorporates all stages of image acquisition inside an integrated controller to
increase reliability and simplify error recovery. The trigger-to-image reliability model brings together all
requirements for image acquisition to a central management unit. These include signals to control camera
timing, on-board FIFO memory to compensate for PCI bus latency, and comprehensive error notification.
Whenever the X64-CL Express detects a problem, the user application is immediately informed and can
take appropriate action to return to normal operation.
The X64 series is designed with a robust ACU (Acquisition and Control Unit). The ACU monitors in
real-time, the acquisition state of the input plus the DTE (Data Transfer Engine), which transfers image
data from on-board FIFO memory into PC memory. In general these management processes are
transparent to end-user applications. Applications ensure trigger-to-image reliability by monitoring events
and controlling transfer methods as described below:
Supported Events and Transfer Methods
The following acquisition and transfer events are supported. Event monitoring is a major component to
the Trigger-to-Image Reliability framework.
Acquisition Events
Acquisition events are related to the acquisition module. They provide feedback on the image capture
phase.
 External Trigger (Used/Ignored)
Generated when the external trigger pin is asserted, usually indicating the start of the acquisition
process. There are 2 types of external trigger events: ‘Used’ or ‘Ignored’. Following an external
trigger, if the event generates a captured image, an External Trigger Used event will be generated
(CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER).
If there is no captured image, an External Trigger Ignored event will be generated
(CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER_IGNORED). An external trigger event
will be ignored if the rate at which the events are received are higher than the possible frame rate of
the camera.
 Start of Frame
Event generated, during acquisition, when the video frame start is detected by the board acquisition
hardware. The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME.
 End of Frame
Event generated, during acquisition, when the video frame end is detected by the board acquisition
hardware. The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME.
 Data Overflow
The Data Overflow event indicates that there is not enough bandwidth for the acquired data to be
transferred without loss. This is usually caused by limitations of the acquisition module and should
never occur.
The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_DATA_OVERFLOW.
50  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 Frame Valid
Event generated when the video frame start is detected by the board acquisition hardware.
Acquisition does not need to be started, therefore this event can verify a valid signal is connected.
The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_SYNC.
 Pixel Clock (Present/Absent)
Event generated on the transition from detecting or not detecting a pixel clock signal. The Sapera
event values are CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_NO_PIXEL_CLK and
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_PIXEL_CLK.
 Frame Lost
The Frame Lost event indicates that an acquired image overflowed the input FIFO before the FIFO
content could be transferred to host memory. An example would be if the image transfer from the onboard FIFO to the host PC memory cannot be sustained due to bus bandwidth issues. The Sapera
event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_FRAME_LOST.
 Vertical Timeout
This event indicates a timeout situation where a camera fails to output a video frame after a trigger.
The Sapera event value is CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT.
Transfer Events
Transfer events are the ones related to the transfer module. Transfer events provide feedback on image
transfer from on-board FIFO memory to PC memory frame buffers.
 Start of Frame
The Start of Frame event is generated when the first image pixel is transferred from the on-board
FIFO into PC memory.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME.
 End of Frame
The End of Frame event is generated when the last image pixel is transferred from the on-board
FIFO into PC memory.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME.
 End of Line
The End of Line event is generated after a video line is transferred to a PC buffer.
The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_LINE.
 End of N Lines
The End of N Lines event is generated after a set number of video lines are transferred to a PC
buffer. The Sapera event value is CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_NLINES.
 End of Transfer
The End of Transfer event is generated at the completion of the last image being transferred from the
on-board FIFO into PC memory. To complete a transfer, a stop must be issued to the transfer module
(if transfers are already in progress). If a transfer of a fixed number of frames was requested, the
transfer module will stop transfers automatically. The Sapera event value is
CORXFER_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_TRANSFER.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  51
Trigger Signal Validity
External trigger signal noise is easily ignored by the ACU with its programmable debounce control. A
parameter is programmed for the minimum pulse duration considered as a valid external trigger pulse.
Refer to “External Trigger TTL Input Electrical Specification” on page 82 for more information.
Supported Transfer Cycling Methods
The X64-CL Express supports the following transfer cycle modes which are either synchronous or
asynchronous. These definitions are from the Sapera Basic Reference manual.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_SYNCHRONOUS_WITH_TRASH
Before cycling to the next buffer in the list, the transfer device will check the next buffer's state. If its
state is full, the transfer will be done in the trash buffer which is defined as the last buffer in the list;
otherwise, it will occur in the next buffer. After a transfer to the trash buffer is done, the transfer
device will check again the state of the next buffer. If it is empty, it will transfer to this buffer
otherwise it will transfer again to the trash buffer.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_SYNCHRONOUS_NEXT_EMPTY_WITH_TRASH
Before cycling to the next buffer in the list, the transfer device will check the next buffer's state. If its
state is full, the next buffer will be skipped, and the transfer will be done in the trash buffer, which is
defined as the last buffer in the list; otherwise it will occur in the next buffer. After a transfer to the
trash is done, the transfer device will check the next buffer in the list, if its state is empty, it will
transfer to this buffer otherwise it will skip it, and transfer again to the trash buffer.
 CORXFER_VAL_CYCLE_MODE_ASYNCHRONOUS
The transfer device cycles through all buffers in the list without concern about the buffer state.
52  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Sapera Parameters
The three tables below describe the Sapera Parameters supported by the X64-CL Express. Unless
specified, each capability applies to both boards or all mode configurations and all acquisition modes.
Sapera capabilities not used have been omitted for clarity.
The board capabilities listing is subject to change. Capabilities should be verified by the application
because new board driver releases may change certain capabilities.
Specifically the X64-CL Express family is described in Sapera as:
 Board Server: X64-CL_Express_1
 Acquisition Device: Camera Link
 Modes (X64-CL Express): Medium Mono or Medium Color RGB with Flat Field correction
 Modes (X64-CL Express): Base Mono with Bayer mosaic filter decoding
 Modes (X64-CL Express): Dual Base Mono with Flat Field correction
Capability
Values
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_TYPE
CORACQ_VAL_CONNECTOR_TYPE_CAMLINK (0x2)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK (Pin – 01)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE0 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE1 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_GND (0x4000)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK (Pin – 02)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE0 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE1 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_GND (0x4000)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK (Pin – 03)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE0 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_PULSE1 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_GND (0x4000)
CORACQ_CAP_CONNECTOR_CAMLINK (Pin – 04)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_NAME_NO_CONNECT (0x1)
Camera Related Parameters
Parameter
CORACQ_PRM_CHANNEL
Values
Medium Mono
Base Mono
Bayer color
Medium RGB:
Base RGB:
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1
1
1
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_PROGRESSIVE (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_INTERFACE
CORACQ_VAL_INTERFACE_DIGITAL (0x2)
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  53
CORACQ_PRM_SCAN
All
All except Bayer color
CORACQ_PRM_SIGNAL
CORACQ_PRM_VIDEO
CORACQ_VAL_SCAN_AREA (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_SCAN_LINE (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_DIFFERENTIAL (0x2)
All Mono and Bayer
All Color RGB:
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_MONO (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_RGB (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_DEPTH
Medium, Base Mono:
Bayer color
Base RGB
Medium RGB:
8 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
10 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
10 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO10
12 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO8
12 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO12
14 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO14
16 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_MONO16
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=0
LUT=0
8 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
10 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI10
12 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI12
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=1
8 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
LUT=1
8 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI8
10 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI10
12 bits, CORDATA_FORMAT_COLORNI12
LUT=1
LUT=1
LUT=1
CORACQ_PRM_VIDEO_STD
CORACQ_VAL_VIDEO_STD_NON_STD (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_FIELD_ORDER
CORACQ_VAL_FIELD_ORDER_NEXT_FIELD (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_HACTIVE
min = 1 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_HACTIVE
Bayer color only
min = 1 pixel
max = 8192 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC
min = 4 pixel
max = 4294967295 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_VACTIVE
min = 1 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC
min = 0 line
max = 4294967295 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_HFRONT_INVALID
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_HBACK_INVALID
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_VFRONT_INVALID
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_VBACK_INVALID
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_SRC
CORACQ_VAL_PIXEL_CLK_SRC_EXT (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_INT
min = 20000000 Hz
max = 85000000 Hz
step = 1 Hz
54  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_EXT
min = 20000000 Hz
max = 85000000 Hz
step = 1 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_11
20000000 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_SYNC
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_SEP_SYNC (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_INTEGRATE_METHOD
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_INTEGRATE_POLARITY
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_5 (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_6 (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_7 (0x40)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_8 (0x80)
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_INTEGRATE_METHOD_9 (0x100)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_TRIGGER_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_CAM_RESET_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_NAME
Default Area Scan
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_INTEGRATE_METHOD_7 (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_LINE_TRIGGER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TAPS
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Medium Mono:
Base Mono:
Medium RGB:
Base RGB:
Bayer Color
max = 6 taps
max = 3 taps
max = 4 taps
max = 1 tap
max = 3 taps
X64-CL Express Reference  55
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_OUTPUT
All modes
All modes
Medium mono and Bayer
color only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_ALTERNATE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_SEGMENTED (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_OUTPUT_PARALLEL (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_1_DIRECTION
All mono and color
versions
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_2_DIRECTION
Base & Medium mono
Medium RGB, and
Bayer Color only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_3_DIRECTION
Base & Medium mono
Medium RGB, and
Bayer Color only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_4_DIRECTION
Medium mono and
Medium RGB only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_5_DIRECTION
Medium mono only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_TAP_6_DIRECTION
Medium mono only
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_LR (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_RL (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_UD (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_DU (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_TOP (0x10)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_MID (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_TAP_DIRECTION_FROM_BOT (0x40)
Base & Medium mono
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNELS_ORDER_NORMAL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNELS_ORDER_REVERSE (0x2)
Base & Medium RGB
and Bayer Color
CORACQ_VAL_CHANNELS_ORDER_NORMAL (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_CLK_DETECTION
CORACQ_PRM_CHANNELS_ORDER
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_LINESCAN_DIRECTION
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_LINESCAN_DIRECTION_POLARITY
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MIN
1 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MAX
16777215 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION_MIN
1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION_MAX
65535000 µs
56  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE1_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_PULSE0_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CONNECTOR_LINE_INTEGRATE_INPUT
Connector #1, type 2, pin #1
CORACQ_PRM_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION
Medium Mono
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_MEDIUM
(0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_2BASE (0x8)
Medium RGB
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_MEDIUM
(0x2)
Base Mono, Base RGB, and Bayer Color
CORACQ_VAL_CAMLINK_CONFIGURATION_BASE (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_DATA_VALID_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_DATA_VALID_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_TIMESLOT
Medium Mono, Medium RGB, Bayer Color
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_2 (0x2)
Base mono, Base RGB
CORACQ_VAL_TIMESLOT_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_ALIGNMENT
Bayer Color
All other modes
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_CONTROL_DURING_READOUT
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_ALIGNMENT_GR_BG (0x8)
Not available
TRUE / FALSE
X64-CL Express Reference  57
VIC Related Parameters
Parameter
CORACQ_PRM_CAMSEL
Values
all mono modes and Bayer:
all RGB modes:
CAMSEL_MONO = from 0 to 0
CAMSEL_RGB = from 0 to 0
CORACQ_PRM_PIXEL_MASK
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_LEFT
min = 0 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 8 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_TOP
min = 0 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
Bayer mode only
step = 2 lines
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_WIDTH
min = 8 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 8 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_HEIGHT
min = 1 line
max = 16777215 line
step = 1 line
CORACQ_PRM_SCALE_HORZ
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_SCALE_VERT
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_DECIMATE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_DECIMATE_DISABLE (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_DECIMATE_COUNT
Default = 0
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_ENABLE
True / False
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_NUMBER
Default = 0
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_2 (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_3 (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_4 (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_INTEGRATE_ENABLE
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_INTEGRATE_COUNT
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DURATION
min = 1 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_OUTPUT_FORMAT
58  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Basel mono & Medium mono & Bayer color
Medium RGB & Bayer color
Base RGB
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO8
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO16
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB8888
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB101010
CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB8888
CORACQ_VAL_EXT_TRIGGER_OFF (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_EXT_TRIGGER_ON (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_VIC_NAME
Default Area Scan
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_MAX
1
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_FORMAT
Mono mode
Base RGB mode
Medium RGB mode
Bayer Color mode
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO8
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB8888
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_RGB101010
Default = CORACQ_VAL_OUTPUT_FORMAT_MONO16
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_FALLING_EDGE (0x8)
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC_TIMEOUT
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_VSYNC_REF
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_REF_END (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_HSYNC_REF
CORACQ_VAL_SYNC_REF_END (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_INTEGRATE_DURATION
min = 1 pixel
max = 16777215 pixel
step = 1 pixel
CORACQ_PRM_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH (0x2)
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_VAL_FALLING_EDGE (0x8)
CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE_PULSE_RISING_EDGE (0x20)
CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE_PULSE_FALLING_EDGE (0x40)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE (0x4)
CORACQ_PRM_SNAP_COUNT
min = 1 frame
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ
Default = 5000 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_LINESCAN_DIRECTION_OUTPUT (*)
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_BIT_ORDERING
CORACQ_VAL_BIT_ORDERING_STD (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_TTL (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MIN
245 Hz
CORACQ_PRM_INT_LINE_TRIGGER_FREQ_MAX
500000 Hz
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  59
CORACQ_PRM_MASTER_MODE
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_MASTER_MODE_HSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_MASTER_MODE_VSYNC_POLARITY
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP
min = 0 tick
max = 255 tick
step = 1 tick
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_FRAME_COUNT
min = 1 frame
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_INT_FRAME_TRIGGER_ENABLE
TRUE / FALSE
CORACQ_PRM_INT_FRAME_TRIGGER_FREQ
min = 1 milli-Hz
max = 1073741823 milli-Hz
step = 1 milli-Hz
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY_2
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_FRAME_LENGTH
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_LENGTH_FIX (0x1)
CORACQ_VAL_FRAME_LENGTH_VARIABLE (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_FLIP
CORACQ_VAL_FLIP_HORZ (0x1)
(not available in Bayer Color mode)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DURATION
min = 0 µs
max = 255 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_TIME_INTEGRATE_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_RESET_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 0 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_CAM_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0 µs
max = 65535000 µs
step = 1 µs
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_LEVEL
CORACQ_VAL_LEVEL_422 (0x2)
CORACQ_PRM_LUT_NENTRIES
256 entries
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_SOURCE
min = 0
max = 5
step = 1
See CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE (*)
min = 0
max = 7
step = 1
See CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE
min = 0
max = 5
step = 1
See CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_MULTIPLY
min = 1
max = 32
step = (2**N)
CORACQ_PRM_PLANAR_INPUT_SOURCES
Not available
60  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DELAY
min = 0
max = 65535000
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DELAY_TIME_BASE
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_METHOD
CORACQ_VAL_TIME_BASE_LINE (0x4)
all modes
Not available
Bayer Color
True / False
all modes
Not available
Bayer color
CORACQ_VAL_BAYER_DECODER_METHOD_1 (0x1)
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN
Bayer color
only
min = 100000
max = 899609
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN
_RED
Bayer color
only
min = 100000
max = 499609
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN
_GREEN
Bayer color
only
min = 100000
max = 499609
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_WB_GAIN
_BLUE
Bayer color
only
min = 100000
max = 899609
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_IGNORE_DELAY
min = 0
max = 65535000
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
[0] = Automatic
[1] = From External Trigger #1
[2] = From External Trigger #2
[3] = From Board Sync
[4] = To Board Sync
[5] = Pulse to Board Sync
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE_STR
[0] = Automatic
[1] = From Shaft Encoder Phase A
[2] = From Shaft Encoder Phase B
[3] = From Shaft Encoder Phase A & B
[4] = From Board Sync
[5] = To Board Sync
[6] = Pulse to Board Sync
[7] = To Board Sync When Grabbing
CORACQ_PRM_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT_DELAY
min = 0
max = 16383000
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_FACTOR
Bayer color only
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_WEIGHT_RE
D
Bayer color only
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_WEIGHT_GR
EEN
Bayer color only
CORACQ_PRM_BAYER_DECODER_SATURATION_WEIGHT_BL
UE
Bayer color only
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
min = 0
max = 65535
step = 1
CORACQ_PRM_POCL_ENABLE
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_CROP_ACTIVATION
Not available
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  61
ACQ Related Parameters
Parameter
Values
CORACQ_PRM_LABEL
Medium mono
Base mono
Medium Color RGB
Base Color RGB
Bayer color
CameraLink Medium Mono #1
CameraLink Base Mono #1
CameraLink Medium Color RGB #1
CameraLink Base Color RGB #1
CameraLink Bayer #1
CORACQ_PRM_EVENT_TYPE
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_START_OF_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_END_OF_FRAME
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_SYNC
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_NO_PIXEL_CLK
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_PIXEL_CLK
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_FRAME_LOST
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_DATA_OVERFLOW
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_EXTERNAL_TRIGGER_IGNORED
CORACQ_VAL_EVENT_TYPE_VERTICAL_TIMEOUT
CORACQ_PRM_SIGNAL_STATUS
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_HSYNC_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_VSYNC_PRESENT
CORACQ_VAL_SIGNAL_PIXEL_CLK_PRESENT
CORACQ_PRM_DETECT_PIXEL_CLK
Not available
CORACQ_PRM_DETECT_HACTIVE
Available
CORACQ_PRM_DETECT_VACTIVE
CORACQ_PRM_FLAT_FIELD_ENABLE
Available
mono
only
True / False
CORACQ_PRM_FLAT_FIELD_SELECT
0
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_OFFSET
min = 0
max = 255
step = 1
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_GAIN
min = 0
max = 255
step = 1
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_GAIN_DIVISOR
0x80
CORACQ_CAP_FLAT_FIELD_PIXEL_REPLACEMENT
TRUE
CORACQ_CAP_SERIAL_PORT_INDEX
Supported
62  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Memory Error with Area Scan
Frame Buffer Allocation
The memory error message [ Error: "CorXferConnect" <Xfer module> - No memory () ] may occur
when loading a Sapera camera file, or when the application configures a frame buffer for area scan
cameras. The problem is that the X64-CL Express does not have enough onboard memory for the
requested frame buffers.
See "Memory Requirements with Area Scan Acquisitions" on page 26.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Reference  63
64  X64-CL Express Reference
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express Sapera
Servers & Resources
Servers and Resources
Servers
Name
X64CL_Express_1
X64CL_Express_1
X64CL_Express_1
Resources
Descriptio
n
X64-CL
Express
Medium
X64-CL
Express Dual
Base
X64-CL
Express Base
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Type
Acquisition
Acquisition
Acquisition
Name
Inde
x
Description
CamLink
Medium
Mono
0
CamLink Medium configuration,
monochrome output, Camera #1
CamLink
Medium
RGB
1
CamLink Medium configuration,
RGB output, Camera #1
CamLink
Base Mono
#1
0
CamLink Base configuration,
monochrome output, Camera #1
CamLink
Base Mono
#2
1
CamLink Base configuration,
monochrome output, Camera #2
CamLink
Base Color
RGB #1
2
CamLink Base configuration,
color output, Camera #1
CamLink
Base Color
RGB #2
3
CamLink Base configuration,
color output, Camera #2
CamLink
Bayer
Decoder #1
0
CamLink Base configuration,
Camera #1, Bayer Decoder
X64-CL Express Sapera Servers & Resources  65
Transfer Resource Locations
The following table illustrates all possible source/destination pairs in a transfer.
Source
X64-CL Express Acquisition
X64-CL Express Acquisition
Transfer passing through
Destination
17
1 to 217 Host Buffers
17
1 to 217 Host Buffers
1 to 2 internal buffers
1 to 2 internal buffers &
the X64 internal processor
66  X64-CL Express Sapera Servers & Resources
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express Board Specifications
X64-CL Express Dimensions
Approximately 6.5 in. (16.6 cm) wide by 4 in. (10 cm) high.
Digital Video Input & Controls
Input Type
Camera Link Specifications Rev 1.10 compliant 1 Medium or 2 Base
Common Pixel Formats
Two Base Configuration
Pixel Formats/Tap
One Medium Configuration
Pixel Formats/Tap
3 x 8-bit, 2 x 10-bit, 2 x 12-bit, 1 x 14-bit, 1 x 16-bit, 1 x 24-bit RGB
4 x 8-bit, 4 x 10-bit, 4 x 12-bit, 1 x 14-bit, 1 x 16-bit, 1 x 24-bit RGB, 1 x 30-bit
RGB, 1 x 36-bit RGB
Scanning
Progressive, Multi-Tap, Multi-Channel, Four quadrant, Tap reversal
Input LUTs
Yes.
See section “X64-CL Express LUT availability” (page 49) for details.
Resolution
Horizontal Minimum:
8 Pixels per tap
note: these are X64-CL Express
maximums, not Camera Link
specifications
Horizontal Maximum:
8-bits/pixel x 256K Pixels/line
16-bits/pixel x 128K Pixels/line
32-bits/pixel x 64K Pixels/line
64-bits/pixel x 32K Pixels/line
Vertical Minimum:
1 line
Vertical Maximum:
up to 16,000,000 lines (for area scan sensors)
Pixel Clock Range
Bandwidth to Host System
Serial Port
Controls
up to 85 MHz
Approximately 160MB/s. Limited by PCI Express x1 plus additional X64-CL
Express DMA management.
Supports communication speeds from 9600 to 115 kbps
Comprehensive event notification includes end/start-of-field/frame/transfer
Dual independent TTL/LVDS trigger input programmable as active high or low
(edge or level trigger, where pulse width minimum is 100ns)
Dual independent TTL Strobe outputs
Quadrature (AB) shaft-encoder inputs for external web synchronization
(maximum frequency for any shaft encoder input is 1 MHz)
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  67
Processing
Dependant on user loaded firmware
configuration
Bayer Mosaic Filter:
Hardware Bayer Engine supports one 8, 10 or 12-bit Bayer camera input.
Bayer output format supports 8 or 10-bit RGB/pixel.
Zero host CPU utilization for Bayer conversion.
Flat Field Correction (Shading Correction):
Real-time Flat-line and Flat-field correction.
Compensates for sensor defects such as FPN, PRNU, defective pixels and
variations between pixels due to the light refraction through a lens (Shading
effect).
Supports two independent monochrome cameras concurrently.
PRNU (Photo Response Non Uniformity): PRNU is the variation in response
between sensor pixels.
FPN (Fixed Pattern Noise): FPN is the unwanted static variations in response for
all pixels in the image.
Host System Requirements
General System Requirements for the X64-CL Express
 PCI Express x1 slot compatible
Operating System Support
Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7
Power Requirements
+5 Volt
2 amp typical
Note: other internal voltages are derived from +5V
+12 Volt
As per camera connected and supplied by X64-CL Express PC power interface
Environment
Ambient Temperature:
10° to 50° C (operation)
0° to 70° C (storage)
Relative Humidity:
5% to 90% non-condensing (operating)
0% to 95% (storage)
68  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
EMI Certifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  69
Connector and Switch Locations
X64-CL Express Board Layout Drawings
J4
J8
J7
J9
J7A1
J3
J12
J1
LED 1
X64-CL Express
J2
J5
J11
Connector Description List
Connector
Description
Connector
Description
J1
Camera Link Connector
J8
Camera Power Selector
J2
Camera Link Connector
J9
PC power to camera interface.
J3
Reserved
J11
Normal (jumper on)
Safe Start Mode (jumper off)
J4
External Signals connector
J7
Multi-board Sync
J5, J7A1, J12
Reserved
70  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Connector and Switch Specifications
X64-CL Express End Bracket
X64-CL Express
13
1
13
1
26
14
26
14
J1
3M MDR 26 pin
female connector
LED 2
LED 1
J2
3M MDR 26 pin
female connector
The hardware installation process is completed with the connection of a supported camera to the X64-CL
Express board using Camera Link cables (see “Camera Link Cables” on page 89).
 The X64-CL Express board supports a camera with one or two Camera Link MDR-26 connectors
(two Base or one Medium – see “Data Port Summary” on page 88 for information on Camera Link
configurations).
 Connect the camera to the J1 connector with a Camera Link cable. When using a Medium camera,
connect the second camera connector to J2.
Caution: If the camera is powered by the X64-CL, it is very important that the correct power supply
voltage is selected correctly. Refer to "J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector" on page 83 for information
on the selection jumper.
Contact Teledyne DALSA or browse our web site www.teledynedalsa.com/mv for the latest information
on X64-CL Express supported cameras.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  71
Status LEDs Functional Description
Status LED 2: Camera Link Connector 2 ( J2 )
Status LED 1: Camera Link Connector 1 ( J1 )
Status LED Modes
 Red: No camera connected or camera has no power.
 Green: Camera connected and is ON. Camera clock detected. No line valid detected.
 Slow Flashing Green: Camera Line Valid signal detected.
 Fast Flashing Green: Acquisition in progress.
 Status LED 2 flashing red, X64-CL Express board with Medium Configuration only: Camera pixel
clock incorrectly connected to J2 instead of J1. (as an example - a Base camera is incorrectly
connected to J2).
72  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
J1: Camera Link Connector 1
Name
Pin #
Type
Description
BASE_X0-
25
Input
Neg. Base Data 0
BASE_X0+
12
Input
Pos. Base Data 0
Neg. Base Data 1
BASE_X1-
24
Input
BASE_X1+
11
Input
Pos. Base Data 1
BASE_X2-
23
Input
Neg. Base Data 2
BASE_X2+
10
Input
Pos. Base Data 2
BASE_X3-
21
Input
Neg. Base Data 3
BASE_X3+
8
Input
Pos. Base Data 3
Neg. Base Clock
BASE_XCLK-
22
Input
BASE_XCLK+
9
Input
Pos. Base Clock
SERTC+
20
Output
Pos. Serial Data to Camera
SERTC-
7
Output
Neg. Serial Data to Camera
SERTFG-
19
Input
Neg. Serial Data to Frame Grabber
SERTFG+
6
Input
Pos. Serial Data to Frame Grabber
CC1-
18
Output
Neg. Camera Control 1
CC1+
5
Output
Pos. Camera Control 1
CC2+
17
Output
Pos. Camera Control 2
CC2-
4
Output
Neg. Camera Control 2
Neg. Camera Control 3
CC3-
16
Output
CC3+
3
Output
Pos. Camera Control 3
CC4+
15
Output
Pos. Camera Control 4
CC4-
2
Output
Neg. Camera Control 4
GND
1, 13, 14, 26
Ground
J2: Camera Link Connector 2 (on X64-CL Express with Dual
Base Configuration)
The Camera Link connector J2 on the X64-CL Dual board is identical to Camera Link connector 1 (J1).
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  73
J2: Camera Link Connector 2 (on X64-CL Express in Medium
Configuration)
Name
Pin #
Type
Description
MEDIUM _X0-
25
Input
Neg. Medium Data 0
MEDIUM _X0+
12
Input
Pos. Medium Data 0
Neg. Medium Data 1
MEDIUM _X1-
24
Input
MEDIUM _X1+
11
Input
Pos. Medium Data 1
MEDIUM _X2-
23
Input
Neg. Medium Data 2
MEDIUM _X2+
10
Input
Pos. Medium Data 2
MEDIUM _X3-
21
Input
Neg. Medium Data 3
MEDIUM _X3+
8
Input
Pos. Medium Data 3
MEDIUM _XCLK-
22
Input
Neg. Medium Clock
MEDIUM _XCLK+
9
Input
Pos. Medium Clock
TERM
20
Term Resistor
TERM
7
Term Resistor
19
GND
74  Technical Specifications
Reserved
6
Reserved
18
Reserved
5
Reserved
17
Reserved
4
Reserved
15
Reserved
2
Reserved
16
Reserved
3
Reserved
1, 13, 14, 26
Ground
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Camera Link Camera Control Signal Overview
Four LVDS pairs are for general-purpose camera control, defined as camera inputs / frame grabber
outputs by the Camera Link Base camera specification. These controls are on J1 and also on J2 for the
second Base camera input of the X64-CL Express in two Base configuration.
 Camera Control 1 (CC1)
 Camera Control 2 (CC2)
 Camera Control 3 (CC3)
 Camera Control 4 (CC4)
Each camera manufacture is free to define the signals input on any one or all four control signals. These
control signals are used either as camera control pulses or as a static logic state. Control signals not
required by the camera are simply assigned as not used. Refer to your camera's user manual for
information on what control signals are required.
Note: The X64-CL Express pulse controller has a minimum resolution of 1 us. When configuring the
Camera Link control signals, such as exposure control, etc. use values in increments of 1 us.
The X64-CL Express can assign any camera control signal to the appropriate Camera Link control. The
following screen shot shows the Sapera CamExpert dialog where Camera Link controls are assigned.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  75
J4: External Signals Connector
Warning: Proceed with caution when connecting external devices or other computers to the signals
available on J4. Grounds should connect first and devices should be power up at the same time. External
signal sources must not have voltage spikes or transients, else damage may occur on the X64-CL Express.
A recommended solution is to use the optional X-I/O module which provides opto-coupled I/O
(see "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 91). All inputs or outputs provide a more electrically
robust interface to outside devices offering better protection against real-world conditions.
J4 Pin Header Numbering Detail
2
1
4
3
...
...
24
23
26
25
J4 Signal Descriptions
Pin #
Signal
1
X64-CL Express Medium
Description
X64-CL Express Dual Base
Description
Reserved
Reserved
3
Reserved
Reserved
5
Reserved
Reserved
7
Reserved
Reserved
8
Reserved
Reserved
2, 4, 6
GND
9
Reserved
Reserved
10
Reserved
Reserved
11
TrigIn 1 +
(input)
LVDS Trigger In + or
TTL Trigger In
(see note 1)
CamLink Base #1
LVDS + or TTL Trigger In
(pulse width minimum 100ns)
see note 2
12
TrigIn 1 (input)
LVDS Trigger In (or TTL Trigger In GND)
CamLink Base #1
LVDS Trigger (or TTL Trigger GND)
13
TrigIn 2 +
(input)
LVDS Trigger In + or
TTL Trigger In
(Used for two pulse external trigger with
variable frame length linescan acquisition)
CamLink Base #2
LVDS + or TTL Trigger In
(pulse width minimum 100ns)
see note 2
14
TrigIn 2 (input)
LVDS Trigger In (or TTL Trigger In GND)
CamLink Base #2
LVDS Trigger (or TTL Trigger GND)
15
Phase A +
(input)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder phase A +
or line trigger
used with linescan cameras
(see note 3 & 7)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder +
or line trigger
used with linescan cameras
(see note 3 & 4 & 7)
76  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
16
Phase A (input)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder phase A (see note 7)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder (see note 7)
17
Phase B +
(input)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder phase B +
or line trigger
used with linescan cameras
(see note 3 & 7)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder +
or line trigger
used with linescan cameras
(see note 3 & 4 & 7)
18
Phase B (input)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder phase B (see note 7)
LVDS/RS422 Shaft Encoder (see note 7)
19
Strobe 2
(output)
not used
CamLink Base #2
TTL Strobe Output
(see note 4 & 5)
20
Reserved
21
Strobe 1
(output)
22,
24, 26
GND
23, 25
DC Power
(see note 6)
TTL Strobe Output
(see note 5)
CamLink Base #1
TTL Strobe Output
(see note 4 & 5)
Voltage selected (+12 or +5) via J8 (see
"J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector" on
page 83)
Voltage selected (+12 or +5) via J8 (see
"J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector" on
page 83)
Notes:
1.
X64-CL Express :
Refer to Sapera parameters CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_LEVEL
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION
See also *.cvi file entries:
External Trigger Level, External Frame Trigger Level, External Trigger Enable, External
Trigger Detection.
2.
X64-CL Express Dual Base:
Sapera parameter CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL,
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_FRAME_TRIGGER_LEVEL is a common control to both CamLink
Base #1 and #2.
Parameters CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE and
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION are independent for each Camera Link input.
When detection is CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE _PULSE_RISING_EDGE or
CORACQ_VAL_DOUBLE _PULSE_FALLING_EDGE the start trigger is "Trig In 1" and the
end trigger is "Trig In 2".
See also *.cvi file entries:
External Trigger Level, External Frame Trigger Level, External Trigger Enable, External
Trigger Detection.
3.
X64-CL Express:
See "Line Trigger Source Selection for Linescan Applications" on page 44 for more information.
Refer to Sapera parameters CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  77
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP
or refer to CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETECTION
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVEL (fixed at LVDS)
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOURCE
See also *.cvi file entries:
Shaft Encoder Enable, Shaft Encoder Pulse Drop
or see External Line Trigger Enable, External Line Trigger Detection, External Line Trigger
Level, External Line Trigger Source.
4.
X64-CL Express Dual Base:
Parameters are independent for CamLink Base #1 and #2.
5.
X64-CL Express:
Refer to Sapera parameters CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY, CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL,
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD, CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION
See also *.cvi file entries:
Strobe Enable, Strobe Polarity, Strobe Level, Strobe Method, Strobe Delay, Strobe Duration.
6.
DC Power Constraints:
The supplied host PC voltage is selected (+12 or +5) via the shorting jumper J8 (see "J8: Power
to Camera Voltage Selector" on page 83 for details).
A 1.5A resettable fuse is included on the board. If the fuse is tripped, power off the host
computer to reset the fuse.
7.
See "Connecting a TTL Shaft Encoder Signal to the LVDS/RS422 Input" on page 80 for details
on using a TTL shaft encoder signal.
78  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
X64-CL Express: External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly
The External Signals bracket (OC-64CC-0TIO1) provides a simple way to bring out the signals from the
X64-CL Express External Signals ConnectorJ4 to a bracket mounted DB25. Install the bracket assembly
into an adjacent PC expansion slot and connect the free cable end to the X64-CL Express J4 header.
When connecting to J4, make sure that the cable pin 1 goes to J4 pin 1 (see layout drawings for your
board revision: "X64-CL Express Board Layout Drawings" on page 70).
Warning: Proceed with caution when connecting external devices or other computers to the signals
available on the External Signals bracket. Grounds should connect first and devices should be power up at
the same time. External signal sources must not have voltage spikes or transients, else damage may occur
on the X64-CL Express.
A recommended solution is to use the optional X-I/O module which provides opto-coupled I/O
(see "Appendix: X-I/O Module Option" on page 91). All inputs or outputs provide a more electrically
robust interface to outside devices offering better protection against real-world conditions.
Note: When using the optional X-I/O module, this external signals cable is not used. Instead a 26 wire
cable from the X-I/O J21 connects to X-I/O J4. All external signals described here plus the additional 8
input – 8 output general I/O controls are now on the X-I/O DB37 connector. See "Appendix: X-I/O
Module Option" on page 91 for installation and pinout information.
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly Drawing
Pin 1
Flat cable 12"
DB25 Female
Connector
mounted on
bracket
OC-64CC-0TIO1
Header Connector
26-Pin Female
Connect to J4
Note: Tracks marked as
reserved are not connected to
the Header Connector
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  79
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly Signal Description
Refer to the table "J4: External Signals Connector " on page 76 for important signal descriptions.
DB25 Pin Number
Signal Names
Connector (to J4)
1, 2, 3, 4, 17, 5, 18, 23
Reserved
1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 20
6
TrigIn 1+
11
19
TrigIn 1-
12
7
TrigIn 2+
13
20
TrigIn 2-
14
8
Shaft Encoder phase A +
15
21
Shaft Encoder phase A -
16
9
Shaft Encoder phase B +
17
22
Shaft Encoder phase B -
18
11
Strobe 1
21
10
Strobe 2
19
12, 13
DC power (+12 or +5 via J8)
23, 25
14, 15, 16, 24, 25,
Ground
2, 4, 6, 22, 24
Connecting a TTL Shaft Encoder Signal to the LVDS/RS422 Input
A TTL shaft encoder signal can be directly connected to the X64-CL Express LVDS/RS422 (+) input but
the low side (-) input of the pair must be biased with a DC voltage to ensure reliable operation. This
section shows the connection diagram along with suggestions as to how to generate the DC bias voltage.
The actual physical wiring is left as an additional detail to interfacing a shaft encoder to the X64-CL
Express to the imaging system.
TTL Shaft Encoder to LVDS/RS422 Input Block Diagram
Connecting TTL Signals to LDVS Inputs
TTL signal source
LDVS (+) input
GND
LDVS (-) input
+1 to +2
volts
DC
Frame Grabber System
FG/system GND
80  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
 LVDS/RS422 (-) input is biased to a DC voltage from +1 to +2 volts.
 This guarantees that the TTL signal connected to the LVDS/RS422 (+) input will be detected as a
logic high or low relative to the (-) input.
 The TTL shaft encoder ground, the bias voltage ground, and the X64-CL Express computer system
ground must be connected together.
 The maximum frequency for any shaft encoder input is 1 MHz.
LVDS/RS422 (-) Input Bias Source Generation
Examples on Generating a DC voltage for the LDVS (-) Input
+5V
+1.5V
330
220
2.2K
680
+2V
Battery
+24V
+12V
+1.5V
+1.5V
100
150
 DC voltage for the LVDS/RS422 (-) input can be generated by a resister voltage divider.
 Use a single battery cell if this is more suitable to your system.
 A DC voltage (either +5 or +12) is available on External Signals ConnectorJ4. See "J8: Power to
Camera Voltage Selector" on page 83 for information.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  81
External Trigger TTL Input Electrical Specification
The incoming trigger pulse is “debounced” to ensure that no voltage glitch would be detected as a valid
trigger pulse. This debounce circuit time constant can be programmed from 1s to 255s. Any pulse
smaller than the programmed value is blocked and therefore not seen by the acquisition circuitry.
Electrical
parameters
Description
Value
TrigIn low
Low logic level input
<= 0.8 V
TrigIn high
High logic level input
>= 2.0 V (max. = 5 V)
TrigIn pulse width
Minimum trigger pulse width
100 ns
Sapera parameters for External Trigger:
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE = CORACQ_VAL_EXT_TRIGGER_ON
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION = {CORACQ_VAL_RISING_EDGE, CORACQ_VAL_FALLING_EDGE,
CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW. CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH}
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DURATION: Debounce duration
Strobe TTL Output Electrical Specification
Electrical
parameters
VOH typ
Description
Typical high-level output voltage
Value
3.9V
IOH max
Maximum high-level output current
-8mA (sourcing)
IOL max
Maximum low-level output current
8mA (sinking)
Sapera parameters for Strobe :
Refer to Strobe Method in Sapera documentation
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE = TRUE
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD={CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_1,
CORACQ_VAL_STROBE_METHOD_2}
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY={CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_LOW, CORACQ_VAL_ACTIVE_HIGH}
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY: Pulse offset from trigger event
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY_2: Duration of exclusion region
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION: Pulse duration
82  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
J7: Board Sync
Interconnects multiple boards to synchronize acquisitions to one trigger or event. The trigger source can
be either an external signal or internal software trigger. The board receiving the trigger is the Master
board. while the boards receiving the control signal from the Master board are Slaves.
 Hardware Connection: Interconnect two, three, or four X64 boards via their J7 connector. The
cable is wired one to one — i.e. no crossed wires. The cable must be as short as possible and the
boards must be in the same system.
 Master Board Software Setup: Choose one X64 as master. The Sapera parameter
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE is set to either Mode 1–Output to Board Sync or Mode
2–Control pulse to Board Sync. See Sapera documentation for more details.
 Slave Board Software Setup: The Sapera parameter CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_SOURCE
is set to From Board Sync.
 Test Setup: The control application starts the acquisition on all slave boards. The acquisition process
is now waiting for the control signal from the master board. The master board acquisition is triggered
and the acquisition start signal is sent to each slave board (with ~0.8μs delay max).
Contact Technical Support for additional information.
J8: Power to Camera Voltage Selector
When the PC floppy drive power supply cable is connected to J9, a shorting jumper on J8 selects either
5 Vdc or 12 Vdc for the camera power supply. This supply voltage is available on the External Signals
Connectorblock.
Important:
For the X64-CL Express a 1.5A power on reset fuse is included on the board. If the fuse is tripped, power
off (not just a soft reboot) the computer system to reset the fuse.
J8 on X64-CL Express
top board edge
top board edge
top board edge
connect 5V
J8
J8
connect 12V
X64-CL Express User's Manual
J8
Default;
no power to
J3 or J4
Technical Specifications  83
J9: PC Power to Camera Interface
Connect the PC floppy drive power connector to J9 so as to supply DC power to the camera. Place the J8
shorting jumper so as to select 5 Vdc or 12 Vdc for the camera.
J11: Start Mode
 Default Mode: Shunt jumper is installed.
 Safe Mode: Shunt jumper is removed if any problems occurred while updating the X64-CL Express
firmware. With the jumper off, reboot the computer and update the firmware again. When the update
is complete, install the jumper and reboot the computer once again. (See "Recovering from a
Firmware Update Error" on page 21).
J3, J7A1 J12: Reserved
84  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Brief Description of Standards RS-232, RS-422, &
RS-644 (LVDS)
RS-232
Short for recommended standard-232C, a standard interface approved by the Electronic Industries
Association (EIA) connecting serial devices.
The standards for RS-232 and similar interfaces usually restrict RS-232 to 256kbps or less and line
lengths of 15M (50 ft) or less.
Transmitted Data (TxD) This signal is active when data is transmitted from the DTE device to the DCE
device. When no data is transmitted, the signal is held in the mark condition (logic '1', negative voltage).
Received Data (RxD) This signal is active when the DTE device receives data from the DCE device.
When no data is transmitted, the signal is held in the mark condition (logic '1', negative voltage).
DTE (Data Terminal Equipment)
DCE (Data Communication Equipment)
RS-422
RS-422 uses a twisted-pair wire (i.e., 2 wires) for each signal. The differential drive voltage swing is 0 to
+5V. RS-422 does not have tri-state capability (its driver is always enabled) and it is therefore usable
only in point-to-point communications.
Although RS-422 is noise resistant, due to being differential data can still be damaged by EMI/RFI. A
shielded cable can protect the transmitters/receivers from EMI/RFI.
RS-644 (LVDS)
LVDS (Low-Voltage Differential Signaling): method to communicate data using a very low voltage
swing (about 350mV) over two differential PCB traces or a balanced cable. LVDS allows single channel
data transmission at hundreds of Megabits per second (Mbps).
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Technical Specifications  85
86  Technical Specifications
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Camera Link Interface
Camera Link Overview
Camera Link is a communication interface for vision applications developed as an extension of National
Semiconductor's Channel Link technology. The advantages of the Camera Link interface are that it
provides a standard digital camera connection specification, a standard data communication protocol, and
simpler cabling between camera and frame grabber.
The Camera Link interface simplifies the usage of increasingly diverse cameras and high signal speeds
without complex custom cabling. For additional information concerning Camera Link, see
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera_Link.
Rights and Trademarks
Note: The following text is extracted from the Camera Link Specification 1.1 (January 2004).
The Automated Imaging Association (AIA), as sponsor of the Camera Link committee, owns the
U.S. trademark registration for the Camera Link logo as a certification mark for the mutual
benefit of the industry. The AIA will issue a license to any company, member or non-member, to
use the Camera Link logo with any products that the company will self-certify to be compliant
with the Camera Link standard. Licensed users of the Camera Link logo will not be required to
credit the AIA with ownership of the registered mark.
3M™ is a trademark of the 3M Company.
Channel Link™ is a trademark of National Semiconductor.
Flatlink™ is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
Panel Link™ is a trademark of Silicon Image.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Camera Link Interface  87
Data Port Summary
The Camera Link interface has three configurations. A single Camera Link connection is limited to 28
bits requiring some cameras to have multiple connections or channels. The naming conventions for the
three configurations are:

Base:
Single Channel Link interface, single cable connector.

Medium:
Two Channel Link interface, two cable connectors.

Full:
Three Channel Link interface, two cable connectors.
A single Camera Link port is defined as having an 8-bit data word. The "Full" specification supports 8
ports labeled as A to H.
Camera Signal Summary
Video Data
Four enable signals are defined as:

FVAL Frame Valid (FVAL) is defined HIGH for valid lines.

LVAL Line Valid (LVAL) is defined HIGH for valid pixels.

DVAL Data Valid (DVAL) is defined HIGH when data is valid.

Spare
A spare has been defined for future use.
All four enables must be provided by the camera on each Channel Link. All unused data bits must be tied
to a known value by the camera.
Camera Controls
Four LVDS pairs are reserved for general-purpose camera control, defined as camera inputs and frame
grabber outputs.

Camera Control 1 (CC1)

Camera Control 2 (CC2)

Camera Control 3 (CC3)

Camera Control 4 (CC4)
Note: the X64-CL by default implements the control lines as follows
(using Teledyne DALSA Corporation terminology).
(CC1) EXYNC
(CC2) PRIN
(CC3) FORWARD
(CC4) HIGH
88  Camera Link Interface
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Communication
Two LVDS pairs have been allocated for asynchronous serial communication to and from the camera and
frame grabber. Cameras and frame grabbers should support at least 9600 baud.

SerTFG Differential pair with serial communications to the frame grabber.

SerTC Differential pair with serial communications to the camera.
The serial interface protocol is one start bit, one stop bit, no parity, and no handshaking.
Camera Link Cables
For additional information on Camera Link cables and their specifications, visit the following web sites:
3M
http://www.3m.com/interconnects
(enter Camera Link as the search keyword)
Nortech Systems
http://www.nortechsys.com/intercon/CameraLinkMain.htm
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Camera Link Interface  89
90  Camera Link Interface
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module
Option
X-I/O Module Overview
 The X-I/O module requires X64-CL Express board driver version 1.00 (or later) and Sapera LT
version 5.30 (or later).
 Occupies an adjacent slot to the X64-CL Express. Slot can be either PCI-32 or PCI-64—no PCI
signals or power are used.
 Connects to the X64-CL Express via a 26 pin flat ribbon cable. J21 on X-I/O to J4 on X64-CL
Express. Note that the external signals connector bracket is removed.
 All X64-CL Express external signals, such as trigger, shaft encoder, strobe, are available on the
X-I/O DB37. See "DB37 Pinout Description" on page 94.
 X-I/O provides 8 TTL outputs software selectable as NPN (current sink) or PNP (source driver) type
drivers. See "TTL Output in NPN Mode: Electrical Details" on page 95 and "TTL Output in PNP
Mode: Electrical Details" on page 96.
 X-I/O provides 2 opto-coupled inputs. See "Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details" on page 97.
 X-I/O provides 6 TTL level inputs with software selectable transition point. See "TTL Input
Electrical Details" on page 97.
 X-I/O provides both +5 volt and +12 volt power output pins on the DB37, where power comes
directly from the host system power supply.
 Onboard flash memory to store user defined power up I/O states.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  91
X-I/O Module Connector List & Locations
J21
J26
J23
DB37 female
J22
J24
J20
J28
X-I/O revision A2
J20
DB37 female external signals connector.
J21
26 pin header connector
(interconnect to the X64-CL Express via supplied ribbon cable).
J22, J23, J24, J28
Reserved.
J26
Connect PC power via floppy drive power cable.
X-I/O Module Installation
Grounding Instructions: Static electricity can damage electronic components. Please discharge any
static electrical charge by touching a grounded surface, such as the metal computer chassis, before
performing any hardware installation. If you do not feel comfortable performing the installation, please
consult a qualified computer technician. Never remove or install any hardware component with the
computer power on.
92  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Board Installation
Installing an X-I/O Module to an existing X64-CL Express installation takes only a few minutes. Install
the X-I/O board into the host system as follows:
 Power off the computer system that has the installed X64-CL Express board.
 Disconnect the external signals cable (OC-64CC-0TIO1) if it was used. Remove that cable bracket
from the computer.
 Insert the X-I/O module into any free PCI slot (no PCI electrical connections are used), securing the
bracket.
 Connect the X-I/O module 26 pin ribbon cable from J21 to the X64-CL Express board J4.
 Power on the computer again.
 For new X64-CL Express and X-I/O module installations, simply follow the procedure to install
Sapera and the X64-CL Express driver (start with "Sapera LT Library Installation" on page 11).
X64-CL Express and X-I/O Driver Update
 If both Sapera 5.30 and X64-CL Express driver need to be installed, follow the procedure "Sapera
and Board Driver Upgrades" on page 10. This procedure steps through the upgrade of both Sapera
and the board driver—typically required when installing the X-I/O module in the field.
 If the X64-CL Express installation already has the required Sapera and board driver version, install
the X-I/O module and perform a firmware update as described in "Executing the Firmware Loader
from the Start Menu" on page 14.
X-I/O Module External Connections to the DB37
Users can assemble their interface cable, using some or all of the signals available on the X-I/O module
DB37. Use a male DB37 with thumb screws for a secure fit. Wiring type should meet the needs of the
imaging environment.
For the external signals Trigger Input, Shaft Encoder Input, and Strobe output, now available on the
DB37, refer "J4: External Signals Connector" on page 76 to for signal details.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  93
DB37 Pinout Description
Pin #
Signal
1
IN_OPTO_1+
20
IN_OPTO_1-
Description
Input #1 ( Opto-coupled )
2
IN_OPTO_2+
21
IN_OPTO_2-
3, 23, 24
Gnd
22
OUT_TTL_1
4
OUT_TTL_2
TTL output #2
5
USER_PWR
Power for the TTL Outputs in PNP mode
6
TrigIn 1+
Trigger Input 1 +
25
TrigIn 1-
Trigger Input 1 - (TTL trigger GND)
7
TrigIn 2+
Trigger Input 2 +
26
TrigIn 2-
Trigger Input 2 - (TTL trigger GND)
8
Phase A+
Shaft Encoder Phase A+
(for TTL signals see "Connecting a TTL Shaft Encoder Signal to the
LVDS/RS422 Input" on page 80)
27
Phase A-
Shaft Encoder Phase A-
9
Phase B+
Shaft Encoder Phase B+
28
Phase B-
Shaft Encoder Phase B-
10
Strobe 2
TTL Strobe 2 output
11
Strobe 1
TTL Strobe 1 output
16, 29, 30
Gnd
12
Power
PC +5V (1A max)
31
Power
PC +12V (1A max)
13
IN_TTL_3
Input #3 ( TTL )
32
IN_TTL_4
Input #4 ( TTL )
14
IN_TTL_5
Input #5 ( TTL )
33
IN_TTL_6
Input #6 ( TTL )
15
IN_TTL_7
Input #7 ( TTL )
34
IN_TTL_8
Input #8 ( TTL )
35
OUT_TTL_3
TTL output 3
17
OUT_TTL_4
TTL output 4
36
OUT_TTL_5
TTL output 5
18
OUT_TTL_6
TTL output 6
37
OUT_TTL_7
TTL output 7
19
OUT_TTL_8
TTL output 8
94  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
Input #2 ( Opto-coupled )
TTL output #1
X64-CL Express User's Manual
TTL Output in NPN Mode: Electrical Details
When the TTL outputs are configured for NPN mode (open collector - sink mode) the user is required to
provide an external input pull-up resistor on the signal being controlled by the X-I/O output. A simplified
schematic and important output specifications follow:
NPN Open Collector Output Mode
5V or 24V typical
External Pull-up Resistor
DB37
Connector
Simplified
Output Driver
22
typical 8 places
( 220 ohm @ 5V typical )
Output 1
3, 23, 24
GND
16, 29, 30
GND
4
35
17
36
18
37
19
Device Input
Device Input GND
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
Output 5
Output 6
Output 7
Output 8
X-I/O Module
 Each output can sink 700 mA.
 Over-current thermal protection will automatically shut down the output device.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  95
TTL Output in PNP Mode: Electrical Details
When the TTL outputs are configured for PNP mode (source driver) an external power supply is required
to provide the buffer output supply voltage (USER_PWR). A simplified schematic and important output
specifications follow:
PNP Source Driver Output Mode
DB37
Connector
Simplified
Output Buffer
Driver
Buffer Vcc
5
22
typical 8 places
GND
16, 29, 30
GND
35
17
36
18
37
19
Device Power Supply
Output 1
3, 23, 24
4
X-I/O Module
USER_PWR
Device Input
Device Input GND
Output 2
Output 3
Output 4
Output 5
Output 6
Output 7
Output 8
 User provides the output power supply voltage ( 7 volts to 35 volts ).
 Maximum source driver output current is 350 mA.
 Source driver with over-current protection (all outputs will shut down simultaneously). The overcurrent fault circuit will protect the device from short-circuits to ground with supply voltages of up to
35V.
96  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Opto-coupled Input: Electrical Details
The two opto-coupled inputs can be used either with TTL or RS422 sources. A simplified input schematic
and important electrical specifications are listed below.
Opto-Coupled Input
DB37
Connector
In_Opto_1+
1
X-I/O Input
In_Opto_120
In_Opto_2+
2
In_Opto_221
Simplified
Opto-coupled
Input
GND
typical 2 places
X-I/O Module
Input reverse breakdown voltage
5 volts minimum
Maximum average forward input current
25 mA
Maximum input frequency
200 kHz
Maximum Sapera call-back rate
System processing dependent
TTL Input Electrical Details
The six TTL inputs are software configurable (see "Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States" on
page 98) for standard TTL logic levels or industrial logic systems (typically 24 volts). The design switch
points are as follows:
 TTL level mode : trip point at 2V +/- 5%
 Industrial level mode: trip point at 16V +/- 5%
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  97
X-I/O Module Sapera Interface
Sapera version 5.30 (or later) provides support for the X-I/O module via an I/O class and demonstration
program. Users can use the demonstration program as is, or use the demo program source code to
implement X-I/O controls within the custom imaging application.
This section describes configuring the X-I/O module power up state, using the X-I/O demo program, and
describes the Sapera Class to program and read the X-I/O module along with sample code.
Configuring User Defined Power-up I/O States
The X-I/O module power up state is stored onboard in flash memory. User configuration of this initial
state is performed by the Device Manager program. Run the program via the windows start menu: (Start
• Programs • Teledyne DALSA • X64-CL Express Device Driver • Device Manager).
The Teledyne DALSA Device Manager provides information on the installed X64-CL Express board and
its firmware. With an X-I/O module installed, click on XIO Board – Information, as shown in the
following figure.
98  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
The XIO information screen shows the current status of Device 0—the output device, and Device 1—the
input device. A few items are user configurable for X-I/O board power up state. Click on the item to
display a drop list of available capabilities, as described below.
 Device 0 – Default Output Type
choose Tristate mode (i.e. output disconnected), or PNP mode, or NPN mode.
 Device 0 – Default Output Pin State
A window is displayed to select a logic low or high state for each output pin. Click on each pin that
should be logic high by default.
 Device 1 – Default Input Level
Select the input logic level as TTL 5 Volts or TTL 24 Volts, dependent on the signal type being input
to the X-I/O module.
 Device 1 – Default Connector
DB37 is the supported output connector, as described in this section.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  99
Programming the User Configuration
After changing any user configurable X-I/O mode from the factory default state, click on the Program
button (located on the upper left), to write the new default state to flash memory. The Device Manager
message output window will display "Successfully updated EEProm". The program can now be closed.
Using Sapera LT General I/O Demo
The Sapera General I/O demo program will control the I/O capabilities of any installed Sapera board
product. The demo will present to the user only the controls pertaining to the selected hardware.
Run the demo via the windows start menu: (Start • Programs • Teledyne DALSA • Sapera LT •
Demos • General I/O Demo). The first menu presents a drop list of all installed Sapera Acquisition
Devices with I/O capabilities. Select the X64-CL Express board is selected and click OK to continue.
General I/O Module Control Panel
The I/O module control demo presents the I/O capabilities of the installed hardware. The following figure
shows the X-I/O module connected to the X64-CL Express board.
Output Pins: The first column displays the current state of the eight output pins (I/O Device #0).
 The startup default state is user configured using the Device Manager program.
 The state of each output can be changed by clicking on its status button.
 Use the Signal Output drop menu to select the output mode (Tristate, PNP, NPN).
100  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Input Pins: The second section provides input pin status (I/O device #1). Note that this program is a
demo, therefore no action takes place on an input event.
 The first column reads the logic level present on each input. The Input Level drop menu changes the
logic level from 5V TTL to 24V logic. Use the Teledyne DALSA Device Manager program to select
the default logic level type.
 The second column demonstrates activating interrupts on individual inputs. In this demo program,
use the Enable box to activate the interrupt on an input. The Count box will tally detected input
events. Use the Signal Event drop menu to select which input signal edge to detect. The Reset button
clears all event counts.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  101
Sapera LT General I/O Demo Code Samples
The following source code was extracted from the General I/O demo program. The comments highlight
the areas that an application developer needs for embedding X-I/O module controls within the imaging
application.
Main I/O Demo code
BOOL CGioMainDlg::OnInitDialog()
{
[ . . . ]
// some declarations
UINT32 m_gioCount;
int m_ServerIndex;
int m_ResourceIndex;
// Show the Server Dialog to select the acquisition device
CGioServer dlg(this);
if (dlg.DoModal() == IDOK)
{
m_ServerIndex = dlg.GetServerIndex();
m_ServerName = dlg.GetServerName();
if ( m_ServerIndex != -1)
{
// Get the number of resources from SapManager for ResourceGio type by using
// - the server index chosen in the dialog box
// - the resource type to enquire for Gio
m_gioCount=SapManager::GetResourceCount(m_ServerIndex,SapManager::ResourceGio);
// Create all objects [see the function following]
if (!CreateObjects()) { EndDialog(TRUE); return FALSE; }
[ . . . ]
//Loop for all resources
for (UINT32 iDevice = 0; (iDevice < MAX_GIO_DEVICE) && (iDevice < m_gioCount);
iDevice++)
{
[ . . . ]
// direct read access to low-level Sapera C library capability to check
// I/O Output module
if (m_pGio[iDevice]->IsCapabilityValid(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_OUTPUT))
status = m_pGio[iDevice]->GetCapability(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_OUTPUT,&capOutput);
// direct read access to low-level Sapera C library capability to
// check I/O Input module
if (m_pGio[iDevice]->IsCapabilityValid(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_INPUT))
102  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
status = m_pGio[iDevice]->GetCapability(CORGIO_CAP_DIR_INPUT,&capInput);
[ . . . ]
// Constructor used for I/O Output module dialog.
if (capOutput)
{
m_pDlgOutput[iDevice] = new CGioOutputDlg(this, iDevice, m_pGio[iDevice]);
}
[ . . . ]
}
// Constructor used for I/O Input module dialog.
if (capInput)
{
m_pDlgInput[iDevice] = new CGioInputDlg(this, iDevice, m_pGio[iDevice]);
}
}
//end for
// end if
[ . . . ]
}
Function CreateObjects()
BOOL CreateObjects()
{
CWaitCursor wait;
// Loop for all I/O resources
for (UINT32 iDevice = 0; (iDevice < MAX_GIO_DEVICE) && (iDevice < m_gioCount);
iDevice++)
{
// The SapLocation object specifying the server where the I/O resource is located
SapLocation location(m_ServerIndex, iDevice);
// The SapGio constructor is called for each resource found.
m_pGio[iDevice] = new SapGio(location);
// Creates all the low-level Sapera resources needed by the I/O object
if (m_pGio[iDevice] && !*m_pGio[iDevice] && !m_pGio[iDevice]->Create())
{
DestroyObjects();
return FALSE;
}
}
return TRUE;
}
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  103
Output Dialog: CGioOutputDlg class (see Sapera Gui class)
void CGioOutputDlg::UpdateIO()
{
UINT32 output=0;
UINT32 state=0;
BOOL status;
[ . . . ]
// We loop to get all I/O pins.
for (UINT32 iIO=0; iIO < (UINT32)m_pGio->GetNumPins(); iIO++)
{
[ . . . ]
// We set the current state of the current I/O pin by using
// - the pin number on the current I/O resource
// - the pointer to pin state
// ( SapGio ::PinLow if low and SapGio ::PinHigh if high)
status = m_pGio->SetPinState(iIO, (SapGio::PinState)state);
}
}
Input Dialog: CGioInputDlg class. (see Sapera Gui class)
BOOL CGioInputDlg::Update()
{
SapGio::PinState state = SapGio::PinState::PinLow;
BOOL status = true;
UINT32 iIO;
UINT32 jIO;
if (m_pGio == NULL)
return FALSE;
// We loop to get all I/O pins.
for (iIO=0; iIO < (UINT32)m_pGio->GetNumPins(); iIO++)
{
m_pGio->SetDisplayStatusMode(SapManager::StatusLog, NULL);
// We get the current state of the current I/O pin by using
// the pin number on the current I/O resource
// the pointer to pin state
// ( SapGio ::PinLow if low and SapGio ::PinHigh if high)
status = m_pGio->GetPinState(iIO, &state);
m_pGio->SetDisplayStatusMode(SapManager::StatusNotify, NULL);
[ . . . ]
}
[ . . . ]
}
104  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
I/O Event Handling
void CGioInputDlg::GioCallbackInfo(SapGioCallbackInfo *pInfo)
{
CGioInputDlg* pInputDlg;
CString strEventCount;
// We get the application context associated with I/O events
pInputDlg = (CGioInputDlg*)pInfo->GetContext();
// We get the current count of I/O events
strEventCount.Format("%d", pInfo->GetEventCount());
// We get the I/O pin number that generated an I/O event and apply the changes.
pInputDlg->m_GioEventCount[pInfo->GetPinNumber()]++;
}
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Appendix: X-I/O Module Option  105
106  Appendix: X-I/O Module Option
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Teledyne DALSA Contact
Information
Sales Information
Visit our web site:
www.teledynedalsa.com/mv
Email:
mailto:[email protected]
Canada
USA Sales
Teledyne DALSA — Montreal office
7075 Place Robert-Joncas, Suite #142
St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada
H4M 2Z2
Teledyne DALSA — Billerica office
700 Technology Park Drive
Billerica, Ma.
01821
Tel:
Fax:
Tel:
Fax:
(514) 333-1301
(514) 333-1388
Asia Sales
Teledyne DALSA Asia Pacific
Ikebukuro East 13F
3-4-3 Higashi Ikebukuro,
Toshima-ku, Tokyo
Japan
Tel:
Fax:
+81 3 5960 6353
+81 3 5960 6354
X64-CL Express User's Manual
(978) 670-2000
(978) 670-2010
European Sales
Teledyne DALSA Europe
Breslauer Str. 34
D-82194 Gröbenzell (Munich)
Germany
Tel: +49 - 8142 – 46770
Fax: +49 - 8142 - 467746
Teledyne DALSA Contact Information  107
Technical Support
Submit any support question or request via our web site:
Technical support form via our web page:
Support requests for imaging product installations,
Support requests for imaging applications
http://www.teledynedalsa.com/mv/support
Camera support information
Product literature and driver updates
108  Teledyne DALSA Contact Information
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Glossary of Terms
Bandwidth
Describes the measure of data transfer capacity. PCI devices must share the maximum PCI bus bandwidth
when transferring data to and from system memory or other devices.
CAM
Sapera camera file that uses the file extension CCA by default. Files using the CCA extension, also called
CAM files (CAMERA files), contain all parameters which describe the camera video signal
characteristics and operation modes (i.e. what the camera outputs).
Channel
Camera data path that includes all parts of a video line.
Checksum
A value used to ensure data is stored without error. It is created by calculating the binary values in a
block of data using some algorithm and storing the results with the data.
Contiguous memory
A block of physical memory, occupying consecutive addresses.
Firmware
Software such as a board driver that is stored in nonvolatile memory mounted on that board.
Frame buffer
An area of memory used to hold a frame of image data. A frame buffer may exist on the acquisition
hardware or be allocated by the acquisition hardware device driver in host system memory.
Grab
Acquiring an image frame by means of a frame grabber.
Host
Refers to the computer system that supports the installed frame grabber.
Host buffer
Refers to a frame buffer allocated in the physical memory of the host computer system.
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Glossary of Terms  109
LSB
Least Significant Bit in a binary data word.
MSB
Most Significant Bit in a binary data word.
PCI 32
Peripheral Component Interconnect. The PCI local bus is a 32-bit high-performance expansion bus
intended for interconnecting add-in boards, controllers, and processor/memory systems.
PCI 64
A superset of the PCI specification providing a 64 bit data path and a 66 MHz clock.
Pixel
Picture Element. The number of pixels describes the number of digital samples taken of the analog video
signal. The number of pixels per video line by the number of active video lines describes the acquisition
image resolution. The binary size of each pixel (i.e., 8-bits, 15-bits, 24-bits) defines the number of gray
levels or colors possible for each pixel.
Scatter Gather
Host system memory allocated for frame buffers that is virtually contiguous but physically scattered
throughout all available memory.
Tap
Data path from a camera that includes a part of or whole video line. When a camera tap outputs a partial
video line, the multiple camera tap data must be constructed by combining the data in the correct order.
VIC
Sapera camera parameter definition file that uses the file extension CVI by default. Files using the CVI
extension, also know as VIC files (VIDEO files), contain all operating parameters related to the frame
grabber board (i.e. what the frame grabber can actually do with camera controls or incoming video).
110  Glossary of Terms
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Index
A
Acquisition and Control Unit 50
acquisition bandwidth 28
Acquisition events 50
acquisition module 50
acquisition parameters 39
ACUPlus 5
administrator 10, 11
AUTORUN 11
B
Bayer Decoder 5
Bayer Filter Decoding 4
Bayer Mosaic Filter 36, 68
Block Diagram 41
BoardInfo.txt 18, 22
boot recovery mode 22
buffer output supply voltage 96
C
cables 71
calibration information 23
camera configuration file 29
camera control 15, 75
Camera file 26, 34, 39, 46, 48
Camera Link 71, 75, 87
Camera Link cables 19
Camera Link cabling 15
Camera Link control 75
camera power selection 19
camera timing 29
CamExpert 39, 46, 48
CamExpert parameters 30
Certifications 69
Color Filter Array 5
communication ports 7
X64-CL Express User's Manual
connector location 92
Contiguous Memory 20
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_DETE
CTION 78
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_ENAB
LE 78
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_LEVE
L 78
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_LINE_TRIGGER_SOUR
CE 78
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_DETECTION
77
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_ENABLE 77
CORACQ_PRM_EXT_TRIGGER_LEVEL 77
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_DROP 78
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_ENABLE
77
CORACQ_PRM_SHAFT_ENCODER_LEVEL
77
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DELAY 78
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_DURATION 78
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_ENABLE 78
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_LEVEL 78
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_METHOD 78
CORACQ_PRM_STROBE_POLARITY 78
D
DALSA Device Manager 22, 98
DALSA Imaging drivers 25
DALSA Imaging web site 2
Data Overflow event 50
Data Transfer Engine 6
debounce circuit time constant 82
default firmware 49
Device Manager 13, 18
double buffering memory 26
driver status 25
driver upgrade 9
E
End of Frame event 51
End of Transfer event 51
external signals 91
External Signals Connector 45, 46, 47, 71, 76, 80
Index  111
External Signals Connector Bracket Assembly 46,
79
F
failure - firmware upgrade 21
Firmware Loader 13
firmware revision 18
firmware selection 5
Fixed Pattern Noise (FPN) 5
Flat Field Correction 4, 34, 68
Found New Hardware Wizard 12
frame buffer 47
frame buffer resources 20
Frame Lost event 51
Frame Sync 48
frame trigger 47
J
J11 jumper 22
jumpers 71, 83
L
launch.exe 11
LED indicators 7
Line Scan 5, 46
Log Viewer program 25
LUT availability 49
LVDS pairs 75
M
H
maximum data transfer 6
MDR-26 19, 71
memory error 63
multi-board sync 83
HTML help 2, 3
HyperTerminal 7, 15
N
I
National Semiconductor 87
NPN mode 95
I/O available capabilities 99
I/O demo program 100
I/O Device 0 99
I/O Device 1 99
I/O flash memory 98
I/O input event 101
I/O input trip points 97
I/O interface cable 93
I/O interrupts 101
I/O NPN output mode 99
I/O output modes 91
I/O PNP output mode 99
I/O power up state 98
I/O sample code 98
I/O source code 102
I/O Tristate output mode 99
image processing 3
Industrial level mode 97
input logic level 99
input pin status 101
input pull-up resistor 95
Internet 2
112  Index
O
opto-coupled input specs 97
out-of-memory error 20
output sink current 95
output source current 96
P
PCI bus latency 50
PCI Bus Number 24
PCI configuration registers 24
PCI configuration space 22, 24, 28
PCI conflict 22
PDF 2, 3
Phase A 46
Phase B 46
Photo Response Non Uniformity (PRNU) 5
physical dimensions 67
Pixel Replacement 5
PNP mode 96
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Power Requirements 68
programming I/O flash 100
Q
Quadrature-Shaft-Encoder 7
S
Sapera Acquisition Devices 100
Sapera buffers allocation 20
Sapera CamExpert 27
Sapera CD-ROM 9, 11
Sapera configuration program 15, 16, 20
Sapera LT Development Library 11
Sapera LT User’s manual 11
Sapera messaging 20
Sapera version required 9
scatter gather buffers 21
Scatter-Gather 6
serial communication port 15
serial port speeds 15
Shading Correction 5
shaft encoder 7, 46
software trigger 27
source/destination pairs 66
Static electricity 9, 92
system COM port 15
W
web inspection 46
Windows Event Viewer 22
Windows HyperTerminal 15
Windows Logo testing 12
Windows operating system memory 21
workstation 10, 11
X
X64-CL Express report 18
X64-CL Express serial port 16
X-I/O field installation 93
X-I/O module driver update 93
X-I/O module overview 91
T
technical support 18
transfer module 51
trigger 7, 46, 47
troubleshooting support 27
TTL shaft encoder 80
U
user defined I/O state 91
USER_PWR 96
V
virtual frame buffer 47
X64-CL Express User's Manual
Index  113
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