User Manual - Absolute Singleturn/Multiturn Encoders for

User Manual - Absolute Singleturn/Multiturn Encoders for
USERMANUAL
ABSOLUTE
SINGLETURN/
MULTITURN
ENCODERS
FOR CANOPEN
Sense it! Connect it! Bus it! Solve it!
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen © Hans Turck GmbH &Co. KG Copyright Protection The content of this documentation is protected by copyright © Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG. It may not be altered, expanded, reproduced nor circulated to third parties, without prior written agreement of the Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG. Liability to modification without notice As a result of ongoing efforts to improve our products, we reserve the right to make changes at any time to technical information contained in the document to hand. Warranty Disclaimer Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG provides no guarantee, neither tacit nor express, in respect of the whole manual (whether this applies to the original German text or to the English translation) and assumes no liability for any damage, neither direct nor indirect, however caused. Document information Revised 12‐2010 Screen printouts used CANalyzer® Fa. Vector –Informatik Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-2/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Table of Contents 1
GENERAL........................................................................................................................................................... 1-6
CANOPEN MULTITURN /SINGLETURN ENCODER .............................................................................................................................................1‐6 THE CANOPEN COMMUNICATION PROFILE DS 301 V4.02 ................................................................................................................................1‐6 ENCODER DEVICE PROFILE DS 406 V3.1.......................................................................................................................................................1‐7 OBJECTIVES OF LSS...................................................................................................................................................................................1‐7 DATA TRANSMISSION ................................................................................................................................................................................1‐7 OBJECTS AND FUNCTION CODE IN THE PREDEFINED CONNECTION SET ....................................................................................................................1‐8 BROADCAST (NETWORK‐WIDE) OBJECTS.........................................................................................................................................................1‐8 PEER‐TO PEER (DEVICE‐TO‐DEVICE) OBJECTS ...................................................................................................................................................1‐8 RESTRICTED, RESERVED OBJECTS ..................................................................................................................................................................1‐8 TRANSMISSION OF PROCESS DATA ................................................................................................................................................................1‐9 TRANSMISSION OF SERVICE DATA ...............................................................................................................................................................1‐10 EXAMPLE: TRANSMISSION OF SERVICE DATA TO AND FROM THE ENCODER .............................................................................................................1‐11 LSS HARDWARE RESTRICTIONS (LSS ADDRESS) .............................................................................................................................................1‐11 LSS OPERATING RESTRICTIONS ..................................................................................................................................................................1‐11 LSS CONFIGURATION AND THE OPERATION MODES ........................................................................................................................................1‐11 2
INITIAL STARTUP - GENERAL DEVICE SETTINGS ...................................................................................2-12
DEVICES WITH REMOVABLE BUS‐COVER ........................................................................................................................................................2‐12 Baud rate ......................................................................................................................................................................................2‐12 Termination ..................................................................................................................................................................................2‐12 Node number ................................................................................................................................................................................2‐13 3
EXTERNAL PRESET .......................................................................................................................................3-13
4
CANBUS CONNECTION..................................................................................................................................4-14
SUPPLY VOLTAGE....................................................................................................................................................................................4‐14 CONNECTING THE ENCODER TO THE BUS – GENERAL INFORMATION ......................................................................................................................4‐14 5
CAN-BUS CONNECTION CABLE OUTLET* .................................................................................................5-15
6
CAN-BUS CONNECTION M12/M23 CONNECTOR ......................................................................................6-15
7
LAYER SETTING SERVICES (LSS)................................................................................................................7-16
8
DEFAULT SETTINGS ON DELIVERY.............................................................................................................8-18
ENCODERS WITH BUS HOUSING ..................................................................................................................................................................8‐18 ENCODERS WITH CABLE OUTLET AND ONE CAN‐CONNECTOR ..............................................................................................................................8‐18 COMMUNICATION PARAMETER ..................................................................................................................................................................8‐18 ENCODER PROFILE ..................................................................................................................................................................................8‐19 9
GENERAL RESET OF THE DEVICE...............................................................................................................9-19
10 COMMUNICATION PARAMETERS ..............................................................................................................10-20
DEFINITION OF THE TRANSMISSION TYPE OF THE PDO....................................................................................................................................10‐22 VARIABLE PDO MAPPING ......................................................................................................................................................................10‐22 STRUCTURE OF A MAPPING ENTRY ............................................................................................................................................................10‐23 11 APPLICATION PROGRAMMING EXAMPLE:...............................................................................................11-24
SETTING UP OBJECTS .............................................................................................................................................................................11‐24 Total Measuring Range set to 36000 ...........................................................................................................................................11‐24 Measuring Units per Revolution – limit to 3600...........................................................................................................................11‐24 Set Preset Value to 0 ...................................................................................................................................................................11‐25 Set the values of Transmit Parameters TPDO1 and TPDO2 ..........................................................................................................11‐25 Producer Heartbeat ‐ set to 500 ms .............................................................................................................................................11‐26 Set Work Area low and high limit values .....................................................................................................................................11‐26 Save all modified parameters in the EEPROM Store Parameters 1010h .......................................................................................11‐27 Object 1010h Store Parameters...................................................................................................................................................11‐27 Object 1011h: Load Standard Values ...........................................................................................................................................11‐27 COMMUNICATION PROFILE – FURTHER OBJECTS............................................................................................................................................11‐28 OBJECT 1018H: IDENTITY OBJECT ............................................................................................................................................................11‐28 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-3/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 12 CONFIGURATION OF THE SPEED OUTPUT ..............................................................................................12-29
OBJECT 2130H: ENCODER MEASURING STEP...............................................................................................................................................12‐29 13 EXAMPLE: PROGRAMMING A SPEED OUTPUT........................................................................................13-30
14 EMERGENCY OBJECTS ...............................................................................................................................14-31
ERROR CODES SUPPORTED ......................................................................................................................................................................14‐31 15 EMERGENCY MESSAGE ..............................................................................................................................15-32
EXAMPLE OF AN OVER‐TEMPERATURE MESSAGE:...........................................................................................................................................15‐32 EMERGENCY PROTOCOL .........................................................................................................................................................................15‐32 16 HEARTBEAT PROTOCOL CONSUMER ......................................................................................................16-33
17 HEARTBEAT PROTOCOL PRODUCER.......................................................................................................17-35
18 CANOPEN OBJECT DICTIONARY ...............................................................................................................18-36
STRUCTURE OF THE ENTIRE OBJECT DICTIONARY: ..........................................................................................................................................18‐36 19 CANOPEN COMMUNICATION PROFILE DS 301 .......................................................................................19-37
COMMUNICATION OBJECTS ....................................................................................................................................................................19‐37 MANUFACTURER‐SPECIFIC OBJECTS ..........................................................................................................................................................19‐37 20 CANOPEN ENCODER DEVICE PROFILE DS 406 ......................................................................................20-38
DEVICE‐SPECIFIC OBJECTS .......................................................................................................................................................................20‐38 21 OBJECTS IN DETAIL - ENCODER PROFILE DS 306 ..............................................................................21-39
OBJECT 6000H OPERATING PARAMETERS ..................................................................................................................................................21‐39 OBJECT 6001H: MEASURING STEPS PER REVOLUTION (RESOLUTION)..................................................................................................................21‐39 OBJECT 6002H: TOTAL NUMBER OF MEASURING STEPS ..................................................................................................................................21‐40 OBJECT 6003H: PRESET VALUE ...............................................................................................................................................................21‐40 OBJECT 6004H: POSITION VALUE ............................................................................................................................................................21‐40 OBJECT 6030H: SPEED VALUE.................................................................................................................................................................21‐41 OBJECT 6040H: ACCELERATION VALUE......................................................................................................................................................21‐41 OBJECT 6200H: CYCLIC TIMER ................................................................................................................................................................21‐42 OBJECT 6500H: DISPLAY OPERATING STATUS .............................................................................................................................................21‐42 OBJECT 6502H: NUMBER OF MULTITURN REVOLUTIONS ...............................................................................................................................21‐42 OBJECT 6503H: ALARMS .......................................................................................................................................................................21‐43 OBJECT 6504H: SUPPORTED ALARMS .......................................................................................................................................................21‐43 OBJECT 6505H: WARNINGS ...................................................................................................................................................................21‐44 OBJECT 6506H: SUPPORTED WARNINGS ...................................................................................................................................................21‐44 OBJECT 6400H: WORKING AREA STATE REGISTER 2 VALUES ..........................................................................................................................21‐45 OBJECT 6401H: WORKING AREA LOW LIMIT 2 VALUES .................................................................................................................................21‐45 OBJECT 6402H: WORKING AREA HIGH LIMIT 2 VALUES ................................................................................................................................21‐45 OBJECT 2100H: BAUD RATE ...................................................................................................................................................................21‐45 OBJECT 2101H: NODE ADDRESS ..............................................................................................................................................................21‐46 OBJECT 2102H: CAN BUS TERMINATION OFF/ON ......................................................................................................................................21‐46 OBJECT 2103H: FIRMWARE FLASH VERSION ................................................................................................................................................21‐46 OBJECT 2105H: SAVE ALL BUS PARAMETERS ..............................................................................................................................................21‐47 OBJEKT 2110H: SENSOR CONFIGURATION DATA ..........................................................................................................................................21‐47 OBJEKT 2120,4H: ACTUAL TEMPERATURE POSITION‐SENSOR * .......................................................................................................................21‐47 OBJEKT 2120,2H: ACTUAL TEMPERATURE LOWER LIMIT POSITION‐SENSOR .........................................................................................................21‐48 OBJEKT 2120,3H: ACTUAL TEMPERATURE UPPER LIMIT POSITION‐SENSOR..........................................................................................................21‐48 OBJECT 2130H: ENCODER MEASURING STEP ..............................................................................................................................................21‐48 OBJECT 2140H: CUSTOMER MEMORY (16 BYTES) .......................................................................................................................................21‐48 OBJECT 2150H: TEMPERATURE HISTORY ...................................................................................................................................................21‐49 OBJECT 1029H ERROR BEHAVIOUR ..........................................................................................................................................................21‐49 OBJECTS NOT MENTIONED......................................................................................................................................................................21‐49 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-4/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen TABLE OF CONTENTS
22 NETWORK MANAGEMENT ..........................................................................................................................22-50
23 NMT COMMANDS..........................................................................................................................................23-51
24 LED MONITORING DURING OPERATION...................................................................................................24-52
GREEN LED = BUS STATE
.....................................................................................................................................................................24‐52 RED LED = ERR DISPLAY ........................................................................................................................................................................24‐52 YELLOW LED = DIAGNOSTICS ..................................................................................................................................................................24‐52 LED COMBINATIONS DURING OPERATION ...................................................................................................................................................24‐53 ERROR DISPLAY AFTER SWITCHING ON........................................................................................................................................................24‐53 GENERAL RESET ‐ SWITCHING THE DEVICE ON WITH THE SET‐KEY PRESSED ........................................................................................................24‐53 25 DEFINITIONS..................................................................................................................................................25-54
26 ABBREVIATIONS USED ...............................................................................................................................26-54
27 DECIMAL-HEXADECIMAL CONVERSION TABLE......................................................................................27-55
28 GLOSSARY ....................................................................................................................................................28-56
Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-5/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 1
General CANopen Multiturn /Singleturn Encoder The CANopen encoders support the latest CANopen communication profile according DS 301 V4.02 . In addition, device‐specific profiles such as the encoder profile DS 406 V3.1 and DS 417 V1.1 (for Lift applications) are available. The following operating modes can be selected: Polled Mode, Cyclic Mode, Sync Mode and a High Resolution Sync Protocol. Moreover, scale factors, preset values, limit switch values and many other additional parameters can be programmed via the CAN‐Bus. At Power ON all parameters are loaded from an EEPROM, which had previously been saved in the non‐volatile memory to protect them in case of power failure. The following output values may be freely combined as PDO (PDO Mapping): position, speed, acceleration as well as the status of the four limit switches. As a lower‐cost alternative to encoders with a bus cover, devices are also available with a connector or a cable connection, for which changes to the device address and baud rate are software controlled. The models with bus terminal cover and integrated T‐coupler allow for particularly easy installation: bus and power supply are connected very simply using M12 connectors; the device address is set by means of two hexadecimal rotary switches. A further DIP switch is provided for setting the baud rate as well as for switching on a terminating resistor. Three LEDs located on the back indicate the operating or fault status of the CAN bus, as well as the status of an internal diagnostic. CANopen encoders are available in blind hollow shaft and solid shaft versions, and are ideal for use in harsh industrial environments thanks to their IP 65 protection rating. The CANopen Communication Profile DS 301 V4.02 CANopen represents a unified user interface and thus allows for a simplified system structure with a wide variety of devices. CANopen is optimized for the fast exchange of data in real‐time systems and possesses a number of different device profiles that have been standardized. The CAN in Automation (CiA) manufacturers and users group is responsible for creating and standardizating of the relevant profiles. CANopen offers user‐friendly access to all device parameters. auto‐configuration of the network and of the devices device synchronization within the network cyclic and event‐driven process data exchange simultaneous read and write of data CANopen uses four communication objects (COB) with different properties Process Data Objects (PDO) for real‐time data, Service Data Objects (SDO) for transmitting parameters and programs, Network Management (NMT, Life‐Guarding, Heartbeat) Predefined Objects (for Synchronisation, Time‐Stamp, Emergency) All device parameters are filed in an Object Dictionary. This Object Dictionary contains the description, data type and structure of the parameters, as well as the address (Index). The dictionary is divided into a communications profile section, a section covering the device profile as well as a
section specific to the manufacturer.
Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-6/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Encoder Device Profile DS 406 V3.1 This profile describes a vendor‐independent mandatory definition of the interface with regard to encoders. It is laid down in the profile which CANopen functions are to be used as well as how they are to be used. This standard makes an open vendor‐independent bus system possible. The device profile is broken down into two Object classes: • Class C1 describes all the basic functions that the encoder must contain • Class C2 contains numerous extended functions, which must either be supported by encoders of this class (Mandatory) or which are optional. Class 2 devices thus contain all C1 and C2 mandatory functions, as well as additional optional functions dependent on the manufacturer. An address range is also defined in the profile to which the manufacturer’s own special functions can be assigned. Objectives of LSS CiA DSP 305 CANopen Layer Setting Service and Protocol (LSS) services and protocols were created to enable the following parameters to be read and changed through the network: The CANopen Node ID The CAN baud rate The LSS address This increases the “plug–and‐play” capabilities of devices in CANopen networks as preconfiguration of the network is less restrictive. The LSS master is responsible for configuring these parameters on one or more LSS slaves on a CANopen network. Data transmission With CANopen data are transferred via two different communication types (COB=Communication Object) with different properties: Process Data Objects (PDO – real‐time capable) Service Data Objects (SDO) The process data objects (PDO) provide high‐speed exchange of real‐time data (e.g. encoder position, speed, comparative position status) with a maximum length of 8 byte. These data are transmitted with high priority (low COB‐Identifier). PDOs are broadcast messages and provide their real‐time data simultaneously to all desired receivers. PDOs can be mapped, i.e. 4 byte position and 2 byte speed can be combined in one 8 byte data word. The service data objects (SDO) form the communication channel for the transfer of device parameters (e.g. encoder resolution programming). As these parameters are transmitted acyclically (e.g. only once during boot‐up of the network), the SDO objects have a low priority (high COB‐Identifier). Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-7/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Objects and Function Code in the Predefined Connection Set For easier management of the identifiers CANopen uses the "Predefined Master/Slave Connection Set", where all identifiers are defined with standard values in the object dictionary. These identifiers can however be changed and customized via SDO access. The 11‐bit Identifier is made up of a 4‐bit function code and a 7‐bit node‐ID number. The higher the value of the COB‐identifier, the lower is its priority! Broadcast (network‐wide) Objects Peer‐To Peer (device‐to‐device) Objects Restricted, reserved Objects Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-8/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Transmission of Process Data With the CANopen encoder three PDO services PDO1 (tx) ,PDO2 (tx) and PDO3(tx) are available. A PDO transmission can be triggered by a variety of events (see Object Dictionary Index 1800h): asynchronously (event driven) by an internal cyclic device timer or by a change in the process value of the sensor data synchronously as a response to a SYNC telegram; (a SYNC command will cause all CANopen nodes to store their values synchronously, after which they are transferred in succession to the bus according to their set priority) as a response to an RTR‐telegram (per Remote Frame=recessive RTR‐bit, exactly that message with the communicated ID will be requested) The PDO messages could have the following structure PDO 3 PDO 1 PDO 2 1 Flags Status byte of the Working‐area Object 6400h ² Speed 16‐bit word Signed ³ Acceleration 16‐bit word Signed Transmit PDO 1 is made up (mapped) from the 32‐bit position values, and the state of the Working area registers (6400h). Transmit PDO 2 is made up from the 32‐bit position values, 16‐bit speed and 16‐bit acceleration. Transmit PDO 3 consists of the position as SYNC PDO. All other PDO combinations with other objects are possible, as long as the maximum of 8 byte data length is not exceeded. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-9/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Transmission of Service Data SDO‐COB‐ID The following identifiers are available as standard for the SDO services: SDO (tx) (Encoder→Master): 580h (1408) + node number SDO (rx) (Master→Encoder): 600h (1536) + node number The SDO identifiers cannot be changed! In the current of error, then an error message (command 80h) replaces the normal confirmation (Response). The error message covers not only the communication protocol error but also the object dictionary access error (e.g. wrong index, attempted write to read‐only object, incorrect data length etc). The error codes are described in the CANopen Profile (DS 301) or in the Device Profile (DSP 406). Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-10/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Example: Transmission of Service Data to and from the encoder LSS Hardware Restrictions (LSS Address) All LSS Slaves must support valid object dictionary entries for Identity object [1018h] which has 32 bits for each part of the LSS Address: Vendor‐ID (numerical code) product‐code (numerical code) revision‐number (major an minor revision as numerical code) serial‐number (numerical code) LSS‐Master CAN‐ID 2021 LSS‐Slave CAN‐ID 2020 A product‐code, revision‐number and a serial‐number are assigned by the device supplier. The LSS address which must be absolutely unique. No other LSS slave may have the same LSS address. LSS Operating Restrictions To function properly the following restrictions apply: All devices on a CANopen network must support LSS. There can be only one LSS Master. All nodes are required to start‐up with the same initial baud rate. LSS communication can take place during any NMT state such as “stopped” or "pre‐operational". LSS Configuration and the Operation Modes Configuration Mode When an LSS Slave is in this mode, it actively listens for and processes configuration commands from the LSS Master. Some configuration commands configure only one LSS slave at the time (for example, to change of CANopen node ID) Some configuration commands configure multiple or all LSS slave nodes (for example, to change the baud rate) Operation Mode A LSS slave in this mode ignores the configuration commands from the LSS Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
1-11/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 2
Initial Startup ‐ General Device Settings Devices with removable bus‐cover Baud rate The following baud rates are available to the user: View: into the opened bus cover CANopen Baudrate 2 3 4 5 Off ON Off Off ON Off Off Off Off ON Off Off ON Off Off Off Off ON ON ON Off Off Off Off Off Off Off ON Software 2100h 0 1 2 4 5 6 8 Baudrate kbit/s 10 20 50 125 250² 500 1000 1 Bus termination Off ON Off On (120Ohm) ² Factory default setting
The baud rate can be configured via of 4 DIP switches in the bus cover on the rear of the encoder. It is also possible to change the baud rate using the Software at Object 2100h or using LSS‐Service. Please note the following when selecting a baud rate The chosen cycle time (see Object 1800h, Sub‐index 5 Event Timer) must be longer than the bus transfer time, to ensure that the PDOs are communicated error‐free! With a baud rate of 10 KBaud: cycle time must be at least 14 ms With a baud rate of 20 KBaud: cycle time must be at least 10 ms With a baud rate of 50 KBaud: cycle time must be at least 4 ms With a cycle time=0 in Event‐Mode (i.e. PDO on value change) the baud rate must be at least 125 KBaud. Termination The bus termination is hardware configured by means of DIP switch 1 in the bus cover on the rear of the encoder or by Software in object 2102h. Once the CAN bus has been looped through, it must be terminated between CAN+ and CAN‐ at both ends using 120 ohm bus termination resistors. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
2-12/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Node number Setting the node number for the address using both rotary switches View: into the opened bus cover Rotary switch for low order address x1 Range of values 1...Fh Rotary switch for high order address x10 Range of values 1...7 maximum 7Fh ² Default setting 3Fh corresponds to 63 decimal It is also possible to change the node number using the Software at Object 2101h or using LSS‐Service. Node number 0 is reserved and must not be used by any node. The resulting node numbers lie in the range 1...7Fh hexadecimal (1...127 decimal). The acceptance of a new node number only becomes effective when the encoder is rebooted (reset/power‐on) or by means of an NMT Reset Node command. All other settings within the object table are however retained. 3
External Preset The preset value can be restored by pressing the SET key. The resulting position depends on the value programmed in Object 6003h. Default setting: 0 as per illustration Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
3-13/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 4
CANbus connection Bus connection with separate power supply and cable gland connection Undo both screws on the bus cover and remove the bus cover from the encoder. Feed the incoming bus cable through the left cable gland and connect it to the left (orange) terminal (CH), terminal (CL) and terminal (CG) (see wiring diagram CAN‐Bus IN) Place the cable shield onto the cable gland. If further devices follow in the bus segment: Run continuing cable through the right cable gland and connect to terminal (CG), terminal (CH) and terminal (CL) (see wiring diagram CAN‐Bus Out) Supply voltage Run the supply voltage for the encoder through the central cable gland and connect it to the terminals on the left (+V) and (0V). Place the cable shield onto the cable gland. (see wiring diagram CAN‐Bus In). View: into the opened bus cover Description from left to right Abbreviation Description Direction CG CL CH 0V +V 0V +V CL CH CG CAN Ground CAN_Low (‐) CAN_High (+) 0Volt Supply +UB Supply 0Volt Supply +UB Supply CAN_Low (‐) CAN_High (+) CAN Ground Out Out Out Out Out In In In In In Connecting the encoder to the bus – general information The continuous CANbus must be terminated at both ends with a bus terminating resistor of 120 Ohm between CAN_High (+) and CAN_Low (‐) Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
4-14/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 5
CAN‐Bus connection cable outlet* Abbreviation Name color CG CL CH 0V +V CAN Ground CAN_Low (‐) CAN_High (+) 0 Volt Ground +UB Power grey yellow green white brown *Termination is activated 6
CAN‐Bus connection M12/M23 connector Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
6-15/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 7
Layer Setting Services (LSS) Exactly two conditions must be fulfilled for the interconnection of CANopen devices to a network: All devices must use the same baudrate, and the CANopen Node‐IDs must be unique. The condition for the use of the LSS is, in addition to support by the device itself, to establish a 1:1 wiring to the Node. Then the baudrate and the Node‐ID are set in dialog mode. The COB‐ID 0x7E5 is used for CAN messages to the device, the device responds to COB‐ID 0x7E4. LSS messages are always a full 8 bytes long. Unused bytes are reserved and should be initialized with 0. To make contact with a device to be configured, the "Switch Mode Global" command is transmitted: 0x04 0x01 reserved This command sets the device to LSS configuration mode. Unfortunately, this very service is the only unacknowledged LSS service, to which the device will therefore not respond, even if it has carried it out. The system integrator can therefore only find out with the following command whether the device has reacted. Next the Node‐ID is requested via the "Inquire Node‐ID" service: 0x5E reserved If successful, the device responds with: 0x5E Node ID reserved Node ID reserved If there is no response, then either the device does not support the LSS service or the Baudrate is not correct. If, namely, the baudrate when supplied is not known, the above‐mentioned communication sequence must be tested with all permissible CANopen baudrates until the device is found. The "Configure Node‐ID" service is used to configure the new Node‐ID: 0x11 The error code is included in the device response: 0x11 Error Error code extension
reserved Error code 0 means success; error code 1 means inadmissible Node‐ID; the other error codes are reserved. The error extension contains vendor‐specific information but is only valid for error code 0xFF. The baudrate is configured with the "Configure Bit Timing Parameters" service: 0x13 Bit Table timing entry reserved Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
7-16/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen The standardized CANopen baudrates are listed in the following table: Baudrate table 0x00 Table index Baudrate 0 1000 kbit/s 1 800 kbit/s not supported 2 500 kbit/s 3 250 kbit/s 4 125 kbit/s 5 reserved 6 50 kbit/s 7 20 kbit/s 8 10 kbit/s Again the device response is: 0x13 Error Error code extension
reserved Error code 0 means success; error code 1 means inadmissible baudrate; the other error codes are reserved. The error extension contains vendor‐specific information, but is only valid for error code 0xFF. Now that the node‐ID and the baudrate are configured, these settings should be saved with the "Store Configuration" service: 0x17 reserved Whereupon the device acknowledges: 0x17 Error Error code extension
reserved Error code 0 means success; error code 1 means that the device does not support saving; error code 2 means that there is a problem with access to the storage medium; the other error codes are reserved. The error extension contains vendor‐specific information, but is only valid for error code 0xFF. Finally, the device is switched back from configuration mode to normal mode via "Switch Mode Global": 0x04 0x00 reserved After being switched physically off and on again, the device now works with the new settings. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
7-17/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 8
Default settings on delivery Encoders with bus housing Description Setting Switch Software Baud rate Node address Termination 250 Kbit/s 63 OFF Switch setting 5 Switch setting 3Fh Switch setting off Object 2100h = 0xFFh Object 2101h = 0xFFh Object 2102h = 00h Encoders with cable outlet and one CAN‐connector Description Setting Switch Software Baud rate Node address Termination 250 Kbit/s 63 On Switch setting 5 Switch setting 3Fh Switch setting off Object 2100h = 5h Object 2101h = 3Fh Object 2102h = 01h Communication parameter Index (hex) 1005h 100Ch 100Dh 1012h 1013h 1016h 1017h 1029h 1800h 01h 02h 03h 05h 1801h 01h 02h 03h 05h 1802h 01h 02h 03h 05h 1A00h 01h 1A01h 01h 1A02h 01h Name COB‐ID Sync Guard Time Life Time Factor COB‐ID Time stamp High Resolution time stamp Consumer heartbeat time Producer heartbeat time Error Behaviour TPDO1 Communication Parameter COB‐ID Transmission Type Inhibit Time Event timer TPDO2 Communication Parameter COB‐ID Transmission Type Inhibit Time Event timer TPDO3 Communication Parameter COB‐ID Transmission Type Inhibit Time Event timer TPDO1 Mapping 1.Mapped Object TPDO2 Mapping 1.Mapped Object TPDO3 Mapping 1.Mapped Object Standard value 80h 0 0 100h 0 Node=0,Time=0 0 0 = Comm Error 1 = Device specific 1 = Manufacturer Err. 180h + Node number 255 (asynch) 0 [steps in 100µs] 0 [steps in ms] 280h + Node number 01(synch) 0 [steps in 100µs] 0 [steps in ms] 380h + Node number 255 (asynch) 0 [steps in 100µs] 0 [steps in ms] 0x60040020 0x60040020 0x60300110 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
8-18/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Index (hex) 6000h 6001h 6002h 6003h 6200h 6401h 6402h 2105h 2130H Name Encoder Profile Operating Parameter Measuring Units per Revolution Total Measuring Range Preset value Cyclic Timer (see TPDO1 Comm.Par) Work area low limit Work area high limit Save All Bus Parameters Encoder Measuring Step Speed Calculation Multiplier Speed Calculation Divisor] Speed average value Standard value 0x04h Scaling on 8192 (13 Bit) 33554432 (25 Bit) 0 0 0 65535 0x65766173 10 10 10 The original standard values (default values on delivery) can be reloaded again by means of Object 1011h (restore parameters). In order to ensure that parameter changes are saved in the event of power failure, they have to be transferred without fail to the EEPROM by means of Object 1010h (store parameters). Data stored in the EPROM will be over‐written! If errors have occurred during programming of the objects and if these parameters are then saved in the EEPROM, it will not be possible to address the encoder next time it is switched on (the encoder will send only Emergency messages). This error can be cleared only by means of a general Reset of the encoder. 9
General Reset of the device Please note that all programed parameters will be lost. Switch the encoder off Turn the encoder back on, and keep the Set‐key* pressed for approx. 3 seconds until the DIAG LED flashes Switch the device off again. After rbooting the encoder, the default settings are restored again, in exactly the same way as sending Object 1011h Restore Parameters. *only applies to devices with external SET‐key; otherwise please return device to factory. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
9-19/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 10 Communication Parameters The COB‐ID and the Transmission Type for PDO1 are defined in the Object Dictionary Index 1800h . Default‐settings: Enabling: COB‐ID: Transmission type: Event Timer: PDO enabled RTR allowed 180h + node number set (here 11h) 255 = asynchronous acc. to device profile 20 ms Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
10-20/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen The COB‐ID and the Transmission Type for PDO2 are defined in the Object Dictionary Index 1800h . Defaults: Enabling: COB‐ID: Transmission type: Event Timer: PDO enabled RTR allowed 280h + node number set (here 11h) 01h = synchronous acc.to device profile 0 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
10-21/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Definition of the Transmission type of the PDO A value between 1 ...240 means that the PDO will be sent synchronously and cyclically. The number of the Transmission Type signifies the quantity of SYNC pulses that are necessary to forward the PDOs. The Transmission Types 252 and 253 state that the PDO will only be sent when requested via an RTR. Type 254 means that the event will be triggered depending on the application (application‐specific), whereas Type 255 is dependent on the device (device‐specific). Additionally for Numbers 254/255 a time‐
controlled EventTimer can be used. The values for the timer can range from 1ms ... 65535 ms. Variable PDO Mapping Variable Mapping of the various objects means that the user is able to configure the content of the Transmit PDOs dependent on the application. Example of an entry in the Mapping Table: The mapped PDO consists of 3 Application Object entries of varying lengths: Application Object 2 occupies Byte 1 (08h) in the Transmit PDO. Thereafter follows Application Object 3 with a length of 16 bit (10h = 2 bytes) and finally Application Object 1 with a length of 1 byte. In total, 32 bits are occupied in this PDO. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
10-22/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Structure of a Mapping entry The Mapping Object for PDO 1 is defined in the Object Dictionary Index 1A00h. It consists of 2 entries and can be modified by the user (variable mapping). The default setting for the Mapping of the Transmit PDO: Mapping 1.Mapping Object Subindex Data length TPDO1 0x60040020 6004h 00 20h(32 Bit) Asynchron TPDO2 0x60040020 6004h 00 20h(32Bit) Synchron TPDO3 0x60300110 6030h 01 10h(16Bit) Asynchron The CANopen encoder supports variable mapping on all 3 Transmit PDOs. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
10-23/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 11 Application Programming Example: Setting up Objects Total Measuring Range to 36000 Measuring Units per Revolution should be set to 3600 steps per revolution Position Value should be set to 0 TPDO1 (Position) should transmit the event every 10 ms TPDO2 (Speed) should transmit the event every 20 ms Producer Heartbeat should be reduced to 500 ms Work area limits are 1000 and 35000 The new parameters should be saved in the EEPROM Total Measuring Range set to 36000 Measuring Units per Revolution – limit to 3600 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
11-24/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Set Preset Value to 0 Set the values of Transmit Parameters TPDO1 and TPDO2 Type 254 means that the event will be triggered depending on the application, whereas number 255 depends on the device. Additionally for Numbers 254/255 a time‐controlled EventTimer can be used. The values for the timer can range from 1ms ... 65535 ms. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
11-25/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Producer Heartbeat ‐ set to 500 ms Set Work Area low and high limit values Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
11-26/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Save all modified parameters in the EEPROM Store Parameters 1010h Object 1010h Store Parameters Using the command "save" under Sub‐Index 1h (save all Parameters) causes all the parameters to be stored in the non‐volatile memory (EEPROM). All Communication Objects, Application Objects and Manufacturer‐specific Objects are saved under this Sub‐
Index. This process requires ca. 14 ms. To prevent unintentional saving, the instruction will only be executed if the string "save" is entered as a codeword into this sub‐index. A read access to the Sub‐Index 1h provides information about the functionality of the memory. Byte 0: 73h (ASCII‐Code for "s") Byte 1: 61h (ASCII‐Code for "a") Byte 2: 76h (ASCII‐Code for "v") Byte 3: 65h (ASCII‐Code for "e") Object 1011h: Load Standard Values Using the command "load" under Sub‐Index 1h causes all parameters to be reset to their standard values. To prevent unintentional loading of the standard values, the instruction will only be executed if the string "load" is entered as a code word into this sub‐index. Byte 0: 6Ch (ASCII‐Code for "l") Byte 1: 6Fh (ASCII‐Code for "o") Byte 2: 61h (ASCII‐Code for "a") Byte 3: 64h (ASCII‐Code for "d") Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
11-27/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Communication Profile – further objects Object 1018h: Identity Object Information concerning the vendor and the device: 1018 RECORD Device – Identification read only Sub‐Index 0h: Number of Sub‐indices“ supplies the value 4 Sub‐Index 1h: "read" only supplies the Vendor‐ID (000000013h) Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG Sub‐Index 2h: supplies the Product Code (e.g. 0x58682001 CANopen encoder) Sub‐Index 3h: "read" only supplies the Software revision Number (e.g. 102) Sub‐Index 4h: "read" only supplies the 8‐digit Serial Number of the encoder Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
11-28/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 12 Configuration of the speed output The speed of the encoder shaft is calculated as the difference between two physical (unscaled) position values with a dynamic time interval of 1ms, 10 ms or 100ms. Speed calculation can be adapted to any application. For this purpose, the user may select two configurable objects from the manufacturer‐specific area. To achieve high dynamics, the integration period of the respective measurement can be reduced at high rotational speeds. The number of average values can have a particular influence on the measurement dynamics and must be calculated specifically to the application. Accuracy of the speed measurement The measurement accuracy depends largely on the following parameters: actual speed programmed resolution/ revolution of the encoder (Object 6001h) programmed number of average values (Object 2130h,3) temporary change of speed (momentum) Object 2130h: Encoder Measuring step (Values for the speed calculation) The speed is calculated using the following formula: Change of position Speed = ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐‐ x unit factor Integration time A parameter under Object 2130, sub2 Speed Measuring Step is available as a divisor for a unit factor. Enter under Object 2130, sub3 Speed Average Value the number of measured values needed to create the moving average of the speed. The maximum range of values is 1...32. The speed output occurs either as RPM or as the number of steps per second in Object 6000h Bit 13. Using the parameter Object 2130, sub1 ‐ Speed Calculation Multiplier, it is possible for example to specify the circumference of a measuring wheel, in order to influence the speed. Important notice: All these adjustments to the object 2130h have only influence to the speed calculation at units/sec. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
12-29/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 13 Example: programming a speed output Speed display in Units/Sec Number of measured values to create average value 32 Divisor for speed output [units/sec /20] Output Speed Format: Unit/sec Bit 13 in Object 6000h must be set to 1 0x2004 signifies Bit13 = 1 Unit/sec Bit 2 = 1 Scaling enabled Speed Average value: 32 contains the number of measured values to create the moving average of the speed 32 = maximum value Divisor for the speed output ‐> 20 Adapting the speed value to the application Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
13-30/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 14 Emergency Objects Emergency Objects arise with error situations within a CAN network and are triggered depending on the event and transmitted over the bus with a high priority. Important: an Emergency Object is only triggered once per “Event”. No new object is generated while the error still exists. Once the error is eliminated, then a new Emergency Object with the content 0 (Error Reset or No Error) is generated and transmitted over the bus. Error Codes supported The Error Codes are highlighted in red Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
14-31/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 15 Emergency Message Example of an over‐temperature message: Transfer Data [Errcode] [Error Register] [ManufacturerSpecific1] [ManufacturerSpecific2] [ManufacturerSpecific3] [ManufacturerSpecific4] [ManufacturerSpecific5] 00 09 42 09 80 56 20 50 2E 4200 Temperature threshold value of the sensor exceeded Error Register 80 ICLG error register 56 ICLG instantaneous temperature 20 ICLG current threshold lower range 50 ICLG current threshold upper range 2E ICLG versions register Emergency Protocol An "unconfirmed" Service message is defined Error Codes Error Code 5200 4200 5300 8110 8120 8130 FF00 Error register 01 01 01 11 11 01 01 BYTE 3 09 81 45 07 81 A8 20 A2 00 00 00 00 00 Byte 4 81 81 00 BYTE 5 45 A8 00 Byte 6 00 20 00 Byte 7 00 A2 00 Remarks ICLG Optic Failure ICLG Error Mask Register ICLG Error Register System Temperature Error ICLG Error Register ICLG Temperature Register ICLG Temperature Lower Reg ICLG Temperature Upper Reg ICLG Gear Error CAN Overrun Error CAN Passive Error Mode Life Guard or Heartbeat Error Watchdog Error The behaviour in the case of an error is described in Object 1029h Error Behaviour Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
15-32/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 16 Heartbeat Protocol Consumer Object 1016h: Consumer Heartbeat Time The consumer heartbeat time defines the expected heartbeat cycle time and thus has to be higher than the corresponding producer heartbeat time configured on the device producing this heartbeat. Monitoring starts after the reception of the first heartbeat. If the consumer heartbeat time is 0 the corresponding entry is not used. The time has to be a multiple of 1 ms (max. 65535 ms) 2 devices are supported with Node ID and Heartbeat Time Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
16-33/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen At an attempt to configure several consumer heartbeat times unequal 0 for the same Node‐ID or to reconfigure a node without an erasing with a zero value before the device aborts the SDO download with abort code 0604 0043h (General parameter incompatibility reason) One or more "Heartbeat‐Consumer(s)" can receive this Heartbeat message. If the cyclic transmission of this Heartbeat message is missing, then a "Heartbeat Event" is generated. The Heartbeat Consumer device activates an emergency message with an error code 8130 Lifeguard or heartbeat error. In operational state the heartbeat consumer device falls back in the preoperational state when a heartbeat error occurs. This behaviour can be defined in Object 1029h Subindex 1 "Communication Error". Configuration example: Object 1016, 1 h: Consumer Heartbeat Time Example Sendstring: 00 Observed device 07 1F4 = 0x000701F4 Node 07 Time = 500 ms In the event of a Heartbeat fault an emergency message will send with following data: 30 81 11 00 00 00 00 00 Transfer Data [Errcode] 8130 Life Guard or Heartbeat error [Error Register] 11 Error Register [ManufacturerSpecific1] 00 ICLG error register A reset node of the consumer * device or a newly load of object 1016h with data activate the supervisor ability again (*only if the object 1016h was stored before with 1010h) Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
16-34/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 17 Heartbeat Protocol Producer Object 1017h: Producer Heartbeat Time The producer heartbeat time defines the cycle time of the heartbeat. The producer heartbeat time is 0 if it not used. The time has to be a multiple of 1ms (max.65535ms) Nowadays as an alternative to Node Guarding the modern Heartbeat Protocol should be used. The protocol is activated if a value > 0 is written to Object 1017h Producer Heartbeat Time. A "Heartbeat–Producer" cyclically transmits this Heartbeat message. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
17-35/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 18 CANopen Object Dictionary Structure of the entire Object Dictionary: Index (hex) Object 0000 unused 0001 ‐ 001F static date types 0020 ‐ 003F complex data types 0040 ‐ 005F manufacturer‐specific data types 0060 ‐ 0FFF reserved 1000 ‐ 1FFF Communication Profile 2000 ‐ 5FFF Manufacturer‐specific Profile 6000 ‐ 9FFF Standardized Device Profile A000 ‐ FFFF reserved Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
18-36/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 19 CANopen Communication Profile DS 301 Communication Objects INDEX (hex) 1000 1001 1002 1003 1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 100A 100B 100C 100D 1010 OBJECT SYMBOL VAR VAR VAR RECORD ARRAY VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR ATTRIB CONST RO RO RO RO RW RW RW CONST CONST CONST RO RW RW RW 1011 VAR RW 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1029 1800 1801 1802 1A00 1A01 1A02 VAR VAR VAR VAR ARRAY VAR RECORD ARRAY RECORD RECORD RECORD ARRAY ARRAY ARRAY RW RW RO RW RW RW RO RW Name Device Type Error Register Manufacturer Status Predefined Error Field Number of PDO supported COB‐ID Sync message Communication cycle period synchr.window length Manufacturer Device Name Manufacturer Hardware Version Manufacturer Software Version Node‐ID Guard Time LifeTime Factor Store parameters (Device Profile) Restore parameters (Device Profile) COB‐ID Time stamp High resolution time stamp COB_ID Emcy IInhibit Time Emcy Consumer Heartbeat time Producer Heartbeat time Identity Object Error Behaviour 1st transmit PDO Comm. Par. 2nd transmit PDO Comm. Par. 3rd transmit PDO Comm. Par. 1st transmit PDO Mapping Par. 2nd transmit PDO Mapping Par. 3rd transmit PDO Mapping Par. M/O M M O O O O O O O O O O O O O TYPE Unsigned32 Unsigned8 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 visible string visible string visible string Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 O Unsigned32 O O O O O O M O O O O O O O Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned16 PDOComPar Unsigned8 PDOComPar PDOComPar PDOComPar PDOMapping PDOMapping PDOMapping Manufacturer‐specific Objects 2100 VAR RW Baud Rate O Unsigned 8 2101 VAR RW Node number O Unsigned 8 2102 VAR RW CAN Bus Termination O Unsigned 8 2103 VAR RO Firmware Flash Version O Unsigned16 2105 VAR RW Save All Bus Parameters O Unsigned32 2110 VAR RO Sensor Configuration Structure O Unsigned8 2120 Array RW Sensor Test Data O Unsigned8 2130 Array RW Encoder Measuring Step O Unsigned16 2140 Array RW Customer Memory O Unsigned32 2150 Array RO Temperature History O Unsigned8 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
19-37/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 20 CANopen Encoder Device Profile DS 406 Device‐specific Objects INDEX (hex) 6000 6001 6002 6003 6004 6030 6040 6200 6400 6401 6402 6500 6501 6502 6503 6504 6505 6506 6507 6508 6509 650A 650B Object Symb. VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR ARRAY ARRAY VAR ARRAY ARRAY ARRAY VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR VAR ATTRIB RW RW RW RW RO RO RO RW RO RW RW RO RO RO RO RO RO RO RO RO RO RO RO Name Operating parameters Measuring Units per Revolution (MUR) Total Measuring Range (TMR) Preset value Position value Speed value Acceleration value Cyclic Timer Working Area state Working Area Low Limit Working Area High Limit Operating Status Measuring Step (Singleturn) Number of revolutions Alarms Supported alarms Warnings Supported warnings Profile and SW version Operating time Offset value (calculated) Module Identification Serial Number M/O C2 M M M M M O O M O O O M M M M M M M M M M M M TYPE Unsigned16 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned16 Signed16 Unsigned16 Unsigned 8 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Unsigned16 Unsigned32 Unsigned16 Unsigned16 Unsigned16 Unsigned16 Unsigned16 Unsigned32 Unsigned32 Signed32 Signed32 Unsigned32 VAR = Variable ARRAY = Variable Array RW = Read/Write RO = Read only const = Constants Name = Object Name M/O = Mandatory or Optional Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
20-38/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 21 Objects in detail ‐ Encoder Profile DS 306 Object 6000h Operating Parameters Bit 0: Code sequence: 0 = increasing when turning clockwise (cw) 1 = increasing when turning counter‐clockwise (ccw) Default: Bit = 0 Bit 2: Scaling Function: 0 = disable, 1 = enable; Standard: Bit = 1 (s. Object 6001, 6002) Default: Bit = 1 Bit13: Speed Format: 0 = RPM, 1 = Units /second Default Bit = 0 Bit14: Startup Mode: 0 = after Bootup Pre‐Operational, 1 = after Bootup Operational mode Default Bit = 0 Bit15: Event Mode: 0 = Position output acc. to TPDO 1800h, 1 = output on each change of position Default Bit = 0 Bit Function Bit = 0 Bit =1 C1 C2 0 Code sequence CW CCW m* m* 1 Commissioning Diagnostic Control Disabled Enabled o o 2 Enable scaling Disabled Enabled o m 3 Measuring direction Forward Reverse o** o** 4..11 Reserved for further use 12 Manufacturer specific parameter N.A. N.A. o o 13 Speed Format RPM Units/sec o o 14 Startup automatic in OP‐Mode Disabled Enabled o o 15 Event Mode Position*(see note) Disabled Enabled o o * set this mode in Transmission Type in TPDO to 254 *m = Function must be supported o = optional Object 6001h: measuring steps per revolution (Resolution) This parameter configures the desired resolution per revolution. The encoder itself then internally calculates the appropriate scale factor. The calculated scaling factor MUR (by which the physical position value will be multiplied) is worked out according to the following formula: MURF = Measuring steps per revolution (6001h) / phys. resolution Singleturn (6501h) Data content: Range of values: 1....maximum physical resolution (65536) 16‐bit Default setting: 8192 (13‐bit) Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-39/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6002h: Total number of measuring steps These parameters configure the total number Singleturn and Multiturn measuring steps. A factor will be applied to the maximum physical resolution. The factor is always < 1. After the stated number of measuring steps, the encoder will reset itself to zero. Data content: Range of values: 1....maximum physical resolution (268435456) 28‐bit Default setting: 33554432 (25‐bit) Example: Input 200000h The physical position value will be multiplied by a factor of 0. XXXXXX and output as the final position. Object 6003h: Preset Value The position value of the encoder will be set to this preset value. This allows, for example, for the encoder’s zero position to be compared with the machine’s zero position. Data content: Range of values: Default setting: 0 1.... maximum physical resolution (268435456) 28‐bit Object 6004h: Position Value The encoder transmits the current position value (adjusted possibly by the scaling factor) Data content: Range of values: 1.... maximum physical resolution (268435456) 28‐bit Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-40/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6030h: Speed Value The encoder outputs the current calculated speed (possibly with scaling factor) as a 16‐bit value. The speed depends on the settings of Object 2130h. These values affect the calculation and the result. Data content: Range of values: 0....maximum speed 15000 RPM With values greater than 12000 RPM a warning message will be sent and the Warning Bit „Overspeed Bit 0" in the Object Warnings 6505h will be set. Parameters that may also effect this Object are mentioned in 2130h. Object 6040h: Acceleration Value The encoder outputs the current calculated acceleration (correctly signed) as a signed 16‐bit value. The acceleration is calculated from the changes in speed and thus depends also indirectly on the settings of Object 2130h. These values affect the calculation and the result. Data content: Range of values: 0.... +/‐ maximum acceleration Negative values signify a negative acceleration (the speed drops) An average acceleration a is the time change of the speed v and can thus be described formally as the derivative speed with respect to time t; here an average acceleration is calculated from the difference of the speeds Δv at 2 different points in time Δt (t2‐t1). a = Δv /Δt or a = v2‐ v1 / t2‐t1 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-41/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6200h: Cyclic Timer Defines the cycle time, with which the current position will be output by means of PDO 1 (see Object 1800h). The timer‐controlled output becomes active, as soon as a cycle time >0 is entered. This Object is only present for reasons of compatibility with earlier profile versions. Instead of this Object, please use the Event Timer Sub index (05h) in the current Transmit PDO. Data content: Range of values: 0 ... FFFFh (65535) gives a cycle time in milliseconds Standard value = 0h Object 6500h: Display Operating Status This Object displays the status of the programed settings of Object 6000h. Data content: Data content: see Object 6000h Object 6502h: Number of Multiturn revolutions This Object shows the number of revolutions, which the multiturn encoder should count. The value depends on the encoder type and any value between 4096 (12 Bit) and 65535 (16 Bit) could occur. This predefined value only affects the number of revolutions. It does not affect the resolution. Data content: Range of values: 4096 to 65535 Default setting 1000h corresponds to 4096 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-42/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6503h: Alarms In addition to the errors that are signalled via emergency messages, Object 6503h provides or includes further error messages. The corresponding error bit is set to 1 for as long as the error condition applies. Data content: Bit No. Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2..15 Description Position error Hardware check Not used Value = 0 Position value valid No error Value = 1 Position error Error In the event of an error, then in both cases an emergency message (ID=80h+node number) with the error code 1000h (Generic error) is sent. Object 6504h: Supported Alarms This Object is used to display which alarm messages are supported by the encoder (see Object 6503h). Data content: Range of values: see Object 6503h The alarm message is supported when the bit is set to 1 Example: Bit 0 = 1 Position error display is supported Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-43/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6505h: Warnings Warning messages show that tolerances of internal encoder parameters have been exceeded. With a warning message – unlike with an alarm message or emergency message – the measured value can still be valid. The corresponding warning bit will be set to 1 for as long as the tolerance is exceeded or the warning applies. Data content: Bit No. Bit 0 Bit 1 Bit 2 Bit 3 Bit 4..15 Description Overspeed Not used Watchdog Status Operating time Not used Value = 0 none System OK Below < 100000h Value = 1 exceeded Reset carried out > 100000h When Bit 0 is active then simultaneously an emergency message (ID=80h+node number) with the Error code 4200h (Device specific) is sent. When Bit 2 or 3 is active then simultaneously an emergency message (ID=80h+node number) with the Error code 5200h (Device Hardware) is sent. Object 6506h: Supported Warnings This Object is used to display which warning messages are supported by the encoder (see Object 6505h). Data content: Range of values: see Object 6505h The warning is supported when the bit is set to 1 Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
21-44/0211
User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 6400h: Working Area State Register 2 values This Object contains the current state of the encoder position with respect to the programmed limits. The flags are either set or reset depending on the position of both limit values. The comparison with both limit values takes place in "real time" and can be used for real‐time positioning or for limit switching. 1 = CCW smaller than larger than inside smaller than larger than inside LowLimit2 HighLimit2 range2 LowLimit1 HighLimit1 range1 Range of values 8‐bit Data content see Bit 0...7 Both limit values Object 6401h and 6402h must be checked to ensure that the output signals are correctly activated! Object 6401h: Working Area Low Limit 2 values Object 6402h: Working Area High Limit 2 values These two parameters configure the working area. The state inside and outside this area can be signalled by means of flag bytes (Object 6400h Working Area State). These area markers can also be used as software limit switches. Data content: Range of values: 1....maximum physical resolution (268435456) 28‐bit Default setting: 33554432 (25‐bit) Working Area High Limit 0 Working Area Low Limit Object 2100h: Baud rate This Object is used to change the baud rate via software. The default setting is FFh, which means that the hardware setting for the baud rate has priority. If the value is set between 1...9 and the parameter saved, then on the next Power ON or with a reset node, the device will boot up with the modified baud rate. After changing the baudrate it is necessary to save the parameters with object 2105h permanently in the EEPROM. Data content: Range of values 1 ...8 (see Table Hardware switches CANopen Baudrate) Default setting: FFh If the Transmission Type 254 is used for the PDO (asynchronous event‐driven, see Object 1800h), then the selected cycle time (1800h, Sub‐index 5) should be greater than the bus transfer time, so that the PDOs can be communicated error‐free! Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 2101h: Node address This Object is used to change the node address via software. The default setting is 0xFFh, which means that the hardware setting for the node address has priority. After changing the node address it is necessary to save the parameters with object 2105h permanently in the EEPROM. Data content: Range of values 1 ...127 or 1...7Fh Default setting: FFh The node number 0 is reserved and may not be used by any node. The resulting node numbers lie in the range 1...7Fh hexadecimal or (1...127) The acceptance of a new node number only becomes effective when the encoder is rebooted (Reset/Power‐on) or by means of an NMT Reset Node command. All other settings within the object table are however retained. Object 2102h: CAN bus termination OFF/ON This Object can be used to set the bus termination via software. By default the value is set to 0, which means that the hardware setting for the bus termination has priority. After changing the node address it is necessary to save the parameters with object 2105h permanently in the EEPROM. Data content: Range of values 0...1 Default setting: 0 * Termination on at Encoders with cable outlet and one M12‐Connector Please note that when software termination is selected, then the hardware settings are non‐
operative and vice versa. Object 2103h: Firmware flash version This object is used to display the current firmware version as a 16‐bit hexadecimal value. This value serves to verify that the device is to the latest revision. Data content: Range of values: to FFFFh Example: 4FA6h current firmware Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 2105h: Save All Bus Parameters This object stores all bus parameters (Object 2100h, 2101h, 2102h) permanently in an EEPROM. Using the command "save" (save all Parameters) causes all the parameters to be stored. This process requires ca. 200ms. In order to prevent an inadvertent save, the instruction will only be executed if the string "save" is entered as a codeword into this Sub‐Index. A read access to the index shows 0xFFFFFFFF. Byte 3: 73h (ASCII‐Code for "s") Byte 2: 61h (ASCII‐Code for "a") Byte 1: 76h (ASCII‐Code for "v") Byte 0: 65h (ASCII‐Code for "e") value range: „save“in hexadecimal 0x65766173 Object 2110h: Sensor Configuration Data This Object is used to get information about the configuration of the sensor. The default is downloaded as a factory default, which means that normally no change will be necessary. value range: 0… FF, FFh……. Object 2120, 4h: Actual temperature Position‐Sensor * This Object can be used to read out the actual temperature. Every 6 minutes the temperature currently occurring in the device will be stored under Object 2150, sub1 Last Stored Temperature. The maximum and minimum temperatures are stored under Object 2130, sub2 and sub 3. The maximum range of values is 1...256. value range 00…FFh Example: 0x59 means approx. 25°C Falling temperature values are adjusted reference values: ‐20°C means 0x2Ch 0°C means 0x40h 100°C means 0xA4h Example: Selected value 0x71h from Object 2120, 4h 0x71h – 0x40h = 0x31h correspond to 49°C decimal This object could be mapped to the PDO information. The accuracy of the measuring value averages to ± 6°C, as measured by the internal sensor logic. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 2120, 2h: Actual temperature lower limit Position‐Sensor Object 2120, 3h: Actual temperature upper limit Position‐Sensor These two parameters configure the temperature working area. The state outside this area can be signalled by means of an Emergency Message. These area markers can also be used as a kind of temperature limit switches. value range 00…FFh example: 0x20 correspond to ca. ‐32°C Falling temperature values are adjusted reference values: ‐20°C means 0x2Ch 0°C means 0x40h 100°C means 0xA4h Value range: Default settings: 0x20h... 0xACh 0xA2h Temperature High Limit 0x20h Temperature Low Limit Object 2130h: Encoder Measuring Step Using the parameter Object 2130, sub1 Speed Calculation Multiplier it is possible, for example, to specify the circumference of a measuring wheel so that the position can be read out in mm. This Object is used to adjust how the speed output occurs. Under Object 2130, sub2 Speed Calculation Divisor, a parameter is provided as the divisor for a unit factor. Under Object 2130, sub3 Speed Average Value, the number of measured values required to create the moving average is entered. The maximum range of values is 1...32. These parameters have only influence at units per second. . Range of values: see table 2130h Sub 1 Speed Calculation Multiplier Default setting : 10 2130h Sub 2 Speed Calculation Divisor Default setting : 10 2130h Sub 3 Speed Average Calc Value Default setting : 10 Object 2140h: Customer Memory (16 Bytes) These 4 parameters constitute a memory area for the user. 4 data words with a maximum of 4 bytes can be stored. This area is not checked for content, which means in effect that any format can be filed. Data content: Range of values: Default setting: 0 Numeric, alphanumeric Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Object 2150h: Temperature History This Object can be used to read out the temperature. Every 6 minutes the temperature currently occurring in the device will be stored under Object 2150, sub1 Last Stored Temperature. The maximum and minimum temperatures are stored under Object 2130, sub2 and sub 3. The maximum range of values is 1...256. Data content: A value of 0x50 corresponds to ca. 20°C A value of 0x40 corresponds to ca. 0°C A value of 0x90 corresponds to ca. 85°C 2150h Sub 1 Last Stored Temperature Default setting :0x50 2150h Sub 2 Temperature maximum Val Default setting: 0x50 2150h Sub 3 Temperature minimum Val Default setting: 0x50 2150h Sub 4 Flag Byte Default setting: 0 Object 1029h Error Behaviour If a serious error is detected, then the device should automatically switch to Pre‐Operational mode. The settings in this Object can be used to determine how the device is to behave when an error arises. The following error classes are covered. 1029h, Subindex 1 Communication Errors Bus Off state of the CAN interface Life guarding event has occurred Heartbeat monitoring has failed 1029h, Subindex 2 Device Profile Specific Sensor error and Controller error Temperature error 1029h, Subindex 3 Manufacturer Profile Specific internal Controller error The value of the Object classes is put together as follows: Range of values: 8‐bit 0 Pre‐Operational Mode (only if Operational Mode was active before) 1 no change of mode 2 Stopped Mode 3.. 127 reserved Objects not mentioned All Objects not mentioned here serve as additional information and can be found in the Encoder profile DS 406 V3.1. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 22 Network Management The encoder supports the simplified Network Management as defined in the profile for "minimum capability devices" (minimum boot up). The following function state diagram acc. to DS 301 shows the various node states and the corresponding network commands (controlled by the Network Master via NMT services): Initialization: this is the initial state after the power supply is applied, following a device Reset or Power ON. The node automatically enters the Pre‐operational state once it has run through the Reset and Initialization routines. The LEDs display the momentary status. Pre‐operational: The CAN node can now be addressed via SDO messages or with NMT commands under the standard identifier. Then follows the programming of the encoder or communication parameters. Operational: The node is active. Process values are transmitted over the PDOs. All NMT commands can be evaluated. Prepared or Stopped: In this state the node is no longer active, which means that neither SDO nor PDO communications are possible. The node can be set to either the Operational or Pre‐operational state by means of NMT commands. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 23 NMT Commands All NMT commands are transferred as an unconfirmed NMT Object. Because of the broadcast (network‐wide) communication model, the NMT commands are recognized by each station. An NMT Object is structured as follows: COB‐ID = 0 Byte 0 = Command byte Byte 1 = Node number The COB‐ID of the NMT Object is always 0 The node is addressed via the node numbers. With node number 0 all nodes are addressed. 1
2
On Power ON all the parameters in the whole Object Dictionary will have their values set. On Power ON only the parameters in the section Communication Profile of the Object Dictionary will have their values set. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 24 LED Monitoring during operation green LED = BUS state red LED = ERR display yellow LED = Diagnostics Annunciator Bus OFF Bus flashing ca. 250ms Bus flashing ca. 1sec Bus ON ERR OFF ERR flashing ERR ON DIAG OFF DIAG flashing LED Description No connection to the Master ² Cause of error Data transmission line break Incorrect baud rate Inverted data line Addendum Observe combination with ERR LED If ERR LED is also OFF, please check power supply ³ Connection to Master Pre‐operational state SDO communication Connection to Master Stopped state SDO communication not possible Only NMT commands Connection to Master Operational state PDO Transfer is active Device working normally Observe combination with BUS LED Connection to Master interrupted Combination with BUS status BUS LED green, flashing or ON ‐ is dependent on Object 1029h Error Behaviour BUS OFF State Short circuit on the Bus or Incorrect baud rate Device working normally Observe combination with BUS status Internal error Over‐temperature Sensor monitoring Single bit function error Sensor current monitoring BUS LED green, flashing or ON is dependent on Object 1029h Error behaviour The individual LED annunciators can of course also occur in combinations. ² The Master can be a PLC or a second communication partner. ³ Operating voltage Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen LED combinations during operation Annunciators LED Description Cause of error Addendum BUS+Diag flashing Yellow and green LEDs flashing Yellow LED flashes faster Over‐temperature Sensor monitoring Single bit function error Sensor LED current monitoring Device in Pre‐Operational Mode Analyze Emergency Message ERR+Diag flashing Red and yellow LEDs flashing Yellow LED flashes faster Over‐temperature Sensor monitoring Single bit function error Sensor LED current monitoring Device without CANbus Connection to master interrupted + additional causes of error Error Display after switching on Annunciators LED Description Cause of error Addendum ERR +Diag flashing Alternate fast flashing of yellow and red LEDs Data connection fault to sensor Sensor faulty Return device to manufacturer for servicing Connection to Master interrupted
No CANbus availability Alternate flashing of yellow and red LEDs Data connection fault to EEPROM EEPROM faulty Return device to manufacturer for servicing LSS Mode activated Global configure mode Waiting to any command L S S Mode ERR flashing Bus +Diag flashing Bus +Diag Fast flashing General RESET ‐ Switching the device on with the SET‐Key pressed Annunciator LED Description Cause of error Addendum Diag flashing Yellow LED flashes quickly Diagnostic mode Device is ready for diagnostics Switch the encoder off Turn the encoder back on, keeping the Set‐key pressed for ca. 3 seconds; the yellow LED flashes. Switch the device off again. When the encoder is rebooted all values will be reset to their default settings, in exactly the same way as sending Object 1011h Restore Parameters. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 25 Definitions Explanation of Symbols: This symbol highlights those parts of the text to which particular attention must be paid. This is to ensure correct usage and to eliminate danger. This symbol provides important advice concerning the proper handling of the encoder. Non‐
observance of this advice can lead to malfunctions of the encoder or in the vicinity. This symbol refers to a special characteristic Factory default setting of the parameter 26 Abbreviations used CAL CAN CiA CMS COB CAN Application Layer. Application layer (layer 7) in the CAN Communication Model Controller Area Network CAN in Automation. International Association of Users and Manufacturers of CAN products CAN Message Specification. Service element of CAL Communication Object. Transport unit in the CAN network (CAN message). Data will be sent over the network within a COB. COB‐ID COB‐Identifier. Unique identifier of a CAN message. The identifier defines the priority of the COB in the network. DBT Distributor. Service element of CAL, responsible for the dynamic allocation of identifiers. DS Draft Standard DSP Draft Standard Proposal; ID Identifier, see COB‐ID LMT Layer Management. Service element of CAL, responsible for the configuration of the parameters in the individual layers of the communication model. LSB Least significant bit/byte MSB Most significant bit/byte NMT Network Management. Service element of CAL, responsible for the initialization, configuration and error handling in the network. OSI Open Systems Interconnection. Layer model for describing the function areas in a data communication system. PDO Process Data Object. Object for the exchange of process data. RTR Remote Transmission Request; Data request telegram. SDO Service Data Object. Communication Object, by means of which the Master can access the Object Dictionary of a node. SYNC Synchronization telegram. Stations on the Bus reply to the SYNC command by transmitting their process value. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 27 Decimal‐Hexadecimal Conversion Table With numerical data, the decimal values are given as numerals with no affix (e.g. 1408), binary values are identified by the letter b (e.g. 1101b) and hexadecimal values with an h (e.g., 680h) after the numerals. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen 28 Glossary Baudrate The baud rate is the data transfer rate. It is linked to the nominal bit timing. The maximum possible baud rate is dependent on numerous factors that affect the transfer time on the bus. There is a significant connection between the maximum baud rate and the bus length and type of cable. In CANopen the various baud rates are defined between 10 Kbit/s and 1 Mbit/s. CANopen CANopen is a protocol based on CAN that was originally developed for industrial control systems. The specifications contain various device profiles as well as the framework for specific applications. CANopen networks are used in off‐road vehicles, electronics on‐board ships, medical equipment and the railways. The very flexible application layer together with the many optional features is ideal for tailor‐made solutions. Furthermore, a wide variety of configuration tools are available. On this basis the user is able to define device profiles that are specific to his application. More information on CANopen can be found in the Internet at www.can‐cia.org. EDS file The EDS (Electronic Data Sheet) is provided by the vendor/manufacturer of the CANopen device. It has a standardized format for describing the device. The EDS contains information concerning: Description of the file (name, version, date programme was generated etc.) General information about the device (manufacturer’s name and code) Device name and type, Version, LMT address Supported baud rates, as well as boot‐up capability Description of the attributes of supported Objects. Node number Every device within a CANopen network can be identified by its node number (Node‐ID). The permitted range for node numbers is from 1 to 127 and each may only occur once within a network. Network Management In a distributed system, various tasks arise that have to do with the configuration, initialization and control of stations on the network. This functionality is provided in CANopen by the defined service element »Network Management (NMT)«. PDO The Process Data Objects (PDOs) provide the actual transport means for transferring the process data (Application Objects). A PDO is transmitted by a Producer and can be received by one or more Consumers. PDO Mapping The size of a PDO can be up to 8 byte. It can be used to transport several Application Objects. PDO Mapping describes the definition of the structure of the Application Objects within the data field of the PDO. SDO The confirmed transfer of data, of any length, between two stations on the network occurs via Service Data Objects (SDOs). Data transfer takes place in the Client‐Server mode. Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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User Manual Absolute Single/Multiturn Encoders CANopen Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG • Witzlebenstraße 7 • 45472 Mülheim/Ruhr • Germany • Tel. 0208 4952-0 • Fax 0208 4952-264 • www.turck.com
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Hans Turck GmbH & Co. KG
Witzlebenstraße 7
45472 Mülheim an der Ruhr
Germany
Tel. +49 (0) 208 4952-0
Fax +49 (0) 208 4952-264
E-Mail [email protected]
Internet www.turck.com
D101892 0211
*D201892ßß0211*
www.turck.com
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