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OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
CX-Server Lite
User Manual
Getting Started
Version 2.0
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OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Notice
OMRON products are manufactured for use according to proper procedures by a qualified
operator and only for the purposes described in this manual.
The following conventions are used to indicate and classify precautions in this manual. Always
heed the information provided in them. Failure to heed precautions can result in injury to
people or damage to the product.
DANGER!
Indicates information that, if not heeded, is likely to result in loss of life
or serious injury.
WARNING
Indicates information that, if not heeded, could possibly result in loss of
life or serious injury.
Caution
Indicates information that, if not heeded, could result in relatively
serious or minor injury, damage to the product, or faulty operation.
OMRON Product References
All OMRON products are capitalised in this manual. The word “Unit” is also capitalised when it
refers to an OMRON product, regardless of whether or not it appears in the proper name of the
product.
The abbreviation “PLC” means Programmable Logic Controller and is not used as an
abbreviation for anything else.
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Visual Aids
The following headings appear in the left column of the manual to help you locate different
types of information.
Note:
1, 2, 3…
Indicates information of particular interest for efficient and convenient
operation of the product.
Indicates lists of one sort or another, such as procedures, checklists etc.
Represents a shortcut on the Toolbar to one of the options available on the menu of
the same window.
Indicates a program must be started, usually by clicking the appropriate option under
the standard Windows ‘Start’ button.
Note:
Indicates procedures that are specific to Visual Basic.
 OMRON, 2008
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system,
or transmitted, in any form, or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording,
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of OMRON.
All copyright and trademarks acknowledged.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein.
Moreover, because OMRON is constantly striving to improve its high-quality products, the
information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Every precaution has
been taken in the preparation of this manual. Nevertheless, OMRON assumes no responsibility
for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of
the information contained in this publication.
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About this Manual
This manual describes the CX-Server Lite application and its ability to interface with OMRON
CS, CV and C PLCs. It does not provide detailed information concerning the PLCs themselves,
for this information the commercial manual for the device must be consulted.
This manual contains the following information:
•
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite: This describes the CX-Server Lite software in
general terms
•
Tutorial: This is a quick tutorial for Excel and Visual Basic host applications.
•
Appendix A Component Properties: This appendix summarises the available properties
for the ActiveX components.
•
Appendix B Script Interface: The Visual Basic script interface for the CX-Server
communications control.
•
Appendix C Temperature Controller Support: The supported functionality for
temperature controller devices.
A Glossary of Terms and Index are also provided.
Warning:
Failure to read and understand the information provided in this
manual may result in personal injury or death, damage to the
product, or product failure. Please read each chapter in its
entirety and be sure you understand the information provided in
the chapter and related chapters before attempting any of the
procedures or operations given.
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Table of Contents
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite ............................................. 6
Welcome to CX-Server Lite .................................................................................... 6
About this Manual .................................................................................................. 6
System Requirements ............................................................................................ 7
Installing/Uninstalling CX-Server Lite....................................................................... 8
The Help system, and How to Access it................................................................... 8
Technical Support ................................................................................................ 10
Objects Overview................................................................................................. 11
Tutorial ........................................................................................ 14
Step 1: Viewing PLC Data using Omron Graphical Controls................................... 14
Step 2: Inserting PLC Data in Cells ...................................................................... 17
Step 3: Adding Third Party ActiveX Controls ......................................................... 17
Maximum Active Communications Controls ........................................................... 18
Improving Performance ........................................................................................ 18
Other Features .................................................................................................... 19
Appendix A Component Properties............................................. 23
Appendix B Script / VB / C++ Interface....................................... 26
Functions ............................................................................................................ 26
PLC Memory Functions (A, AR, C, CIO, D, DM, DR, E, EM, G, H, HR, IR, LR, SR, ST, T,
TC, TK, W) .......................................................................................................... 42
Appendix C Temperature Controller Support............................. 50
Hardware support ................................................................................................ 50
Parameter support ............................................................................................... 51
Device support ..................................................................................................... 52
TCGetStatus Information...................................................................................... 53
Appendix D Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003.......................... 54
General Usage and Considerations ....................................................................... 54
Glossary of Terms ........................................................................ 55
Index ............................................................................................ 57
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Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
This book introduces the CX-Server Lite application to a new user.
Welcome to CX-Server Lite
CX-Server Lite allows PLC data collected by the OMRON CX-Server communications software
to be accessed from Microsoft Excel (97 and later) and Visual Basic (5.0 and later). It allows
existing process data to be collected and analysed, plus it includes some graphical components
allowing easy creation of simple MMI applications.
Included with CX-Server Lite is the CX-Server runtime system, plus a range of ActiveX
components that can be dragged and dropped onto your Workbook or Form.
About this Manual
This manual helps a new user get started with CX-Server Lite, by describing the software
installation and computer configuration, and by leading the user through the basics of CXServer Lite. For the most up to date information see the on-line help or the release notes in the
installed directory.
Separate OMRON manuals describe the related CX Automation Suite products; CX-Server,
CX-Programmer and CX-Supervisor.
CX-Server Lite comes with a comprehensive on-line help system, which is designed to
complement this manual, and provide a quick reference at any point in the CX-Server Lite
application when the manual is not to hand. This general help system uses a fast 'hypertext'
system that allows progressively more information to be obtained about any topic by selecting
keywords within the descriptive text.
Throughout this manual, it is assumed that a working knowledge of Microsoft Windows is
obtained, and that the user can:
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Use the keyboard and mouse.
Select options from Windows menus.
Operate dialog boxes.
Locate, open and save data files.
Edit, cut and paste text.
Drag and drop.
♦ Start programs from the “START” button.
If Windows has not been used before, it is recommended that some time working with the
Microsoft documentation is spent before using CX-Server Lite.
This introductory section deals with several important aspects of installing CX-Server Lite and
setting it up for use. It is recommended that this entire section be read before installing the
software.
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System Requirements
CX-Server Lite operates on IBM compatible personal computers with 200MHz Pentium central
processor. It is designed to run in the Microsoft Windows 9x / Me / NT V4.0 / 2000 and XP
environments.
Note:
CX-Server Lite is not guaranteed to be compatible with computers running
Windows emulation (e.g. Apple Macintosh).
Hardware Requirements
The following configuration is the minimum system requirements for running CX-Server Lite
♦
IBM PC compatible Pentium II processor
♦
512 Mbytes of RAM
♦
30 Mbytes available hard disk space,
♦ 800 x 600 Super VGA display.
The Recommended minimum is:
♦
IBM PC compatible Pentium 4 processor,
♦
1024 Mbytes of RAM
♦
50 Mbytes available hard disk space,
♦
1024 x 768 Super VGA display.
Operating Systems and Environments
The operating systems on which this software will run are:
♦
Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 (Service Pack 5 and later),
♦
Microsoft Windows 2000 (Service Pack 2 and later)
♦
Microsoft Windows XP (Professional is recommended)
♦
Microsoft Windows Vista (Business or Ultimate Edition is recommended)
Containers in which this software will run are:
♦
Microsoft Excel 97 and later,
♦
Microsoft Visual Basic version 5.0 and later.
♦
Microsoft Visual C++ 6.0.
♦ CX-Supervisor v1.1 and later (v2.0 and later recommended)
The recommended Operating System is Microsoft Windows XP Professional or Vista Business.
For use in Microsoft .Net, see the separate “Guide to Using CX-Server Lite in Microsoft .Net”
Interfaces to Hardware - PLC Communications
Interfaces to PLC hardware are via the CX-Server runtime system.
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Interfaces to Network Service Boards (NSBs) are achieved using Fins Gateway, which is
supplied and supported as part of the CX-Server product.
Interfaces to Hardware - Peripherals
Interfaces to PC hardware (printers, graphics, keyboard, mouse, Ethernet etc.) are supported
by drivers installed and supported by Windows.
Installing/Uninstalling CX-Server Lite
The CX-Server Lite software is supplied on CD-ROM and is installed easily from within
Windows.
To install CX-Server Lite
1, 2, 3… 1.
Close all programs.
2.
Insert the CD labelled CX-Server Lite into your CD-ROM drive. If Autorun is
enabled on your system, the installation starts automatically, otherwise see
the README.TXT on the CD-ROM for instructions to launch manually.
3.
Follow the instructions on the screen.
By default, CX-Server Lite is installed in C:\Program Files\Omron. Additional Omron
applications will be installed in a subfolder under Omron. Common components are installed
into C:\Program Files\Common Files\Omron\Components.
To uninstall CX-Server Lite
When you uninstall, your CX-Server Lite project data remains intact – uninstall only removes
program files. It is recommended, however, that you copy and move any projects you saved in
the CX-Server Lite folder. Save a copy of your projects in another location on your hard drive
(such as your My Documents folder) before uninstalling CX-Server Lite.
1, 2, 3…
1.
2.
3.
From the Start menu, select Settings – Control Panel.
Double-click the Add/Remove Programs.
Click the Install/Uninstall tab.
4.
5.
6.
From the list programs that you can remove, select CX-Server Lite.
Click Add/Remove.
At the prompt, select the Remove item and click Next and follow any further
prompts.
Wait until the uninstall program indicates that the process is complete.
7.
The Help system, and How to Access it
CX-Server Lite comes with a detailed help system. At any time while using the software, it is
possible to get help on a particular point that is currently being worked on, or on general
aspects of CX-Server Lite. This system is intended to complement the manual, by providing on-
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line reference to specific software functions and how to use them. This manual is designed to
provide tutorial information and discuss the various facilities offered by CX-Server Lite.
Help Topics
Select the Help option on the Object Properties menu, which can be accessed by clicking on
an object using the right mouse button and then selecting the option which shows the object
name.
The help system provides a standard look-up dialog under the Contents tab showing the
contents of the CX-Server Lite Help file. Double-click on an item to read the associated
information.
Index
Use the following procedure to retrieve on-line help from the Index tab of the Help dialog.
1, 2, 3…
1.
Select the Help option from the Object Properties Menu.
2.
3.
Select the Index tab.
Enter a text query into the first step field. The second step field is
refreshed according the to query entered in the first step field.
4.
Select an entry in the second step field and select Display pushbutton, or
double-click on the index entry.
If an entry is linked to two or more topics, the names of the topics are
displayed in the Topics Found dialog. Select a topic and choose the
Display pushbutton or double-click in the topic.
5.
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Find
Use the following procedure to retrieve on-line help from the Find tab of the Help Topics dialog.
1, 2, 3…
1.
2.
Select the Help option from the Object Properties Menu.
Select the Find tab.
3.
Enter a text query into the first step field. The second step field is
refreshed according the to query entered in the first step field. Previous
text queries can be retrieved by selecting from the drop down list in the
first step field.
4. Select a word that matches the query – some words may be automatically
selected. More than one word can be selected by pressing Shift and
selecting another word to extend the selection or by pressing Ctrl and
selecting another word to add to the selection. The third step field is
refreshed according to the word or words selected. The number of topics
found is shown at the bottom of the dialog.
5. Select a topic from the third step field and select the Display pushbutton,
or double-click on the topic from the third step field. Select the Clear
pushbutton to restart the find operation.
The Find operation can be enhanced by the use of the Options pushbutton and Rebuild
pushbutton. Refer to Microsoft Windows documentation for further information.
About CX-Server Lite
CX-Server Lite Components include an About dialog accessible from the properties menu. The
About dialog supplies technical reference information about the application such as version and
copyright information. It also contains essential version number information that is required for
obtaining technical support. The CX-Server Communications Control also includes details of
the version of CX-Server installed.
In addition, a brief description of CX-Server Lite and the CX-Automation Suite can be accessed
from the main help contents dialog.
Technical Support
If the installation instructions for this application have been followed, no difficulties should be
encountered.
If a problem occurs, check that it does not relate to a fault outside CX-Server Lite, for instance,
with external components. Check the following:
♦
The PC is working correctly,
♦
The external system or application is working correctly,
♦
The communications system is set up correctly,
♦
Any errors are cleared in the associated PLCs.
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When Customer Services need to be contacted, keep the following details to hand. A clear and
concise description of the problem is required, together with the exact text of any error
messages.
Note:
Use the About dialog to obtain the version number of the application.
Objects Overview
CX-Server Communications Control
This control provides a seamless interface between the CX-Server Lite host application (Excel,
Visual Basic) and Omron’s communication software, CX-Server. Note that the control is only
visible when the host application is in the Design mode.
The Properties dialog enables you to select the project you wish to open. Clicking the Open…
button will open the Open Project dialog allowing you to navigate to the appropriate file.
Clicking the Edit Project button opens the CX-Server Project Editor dialog. This dialog is
supported by CX-Server and follows the standard Windows Explorer format. The left hand
pane shows the tree structure for the project. By expanding the tree the associated PLCs and
Points etc. can be reviewed and edited as necessary. New PLCs and points can be added by
right clicking in the right hand pane and selecting New from the menu. Consult the associated
help file for more detailed information on editing.
Temperature controller devices are supported in this version of CX-Server LITE. See Script
Interface support and Appendix C for detailed information regarding the available functionality.
7 Segment
The 7 Segment control displays a value in Binary, Decimal or Hexadecimal format. Leading
zeros and unused segments can be hidden. The colour of the segments and the display
background can be set independently. The 7 Segment control cannot be used to set a value.
Data Logging
The Data Logging control provides logging and trending functionality through use of the Data
Log Viewer components currently used by other Omron software packages including
CX-Supervisor and SYS-Config. The control is configured in design-mode to log data items and
is controlled in runtime-mode using script commands. See the on-line help for further details
regarding the script interface.
Display
The Display displays an analogue or text value. The Display only displays a value i.e. you
cannot set a value using this display.
LED Indicator
The LED functions as a coloured on/off indicator. The colour of the indicator and the display
background can be set independently while its shape can be round or square. In the off state,
the chosen indicator colour is dimmed.
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Linear Gauge
The Linear Gauge displays an analogue value by filling a rectangle to represent the actual
value as a proportion of its expected maximum. The rectangle can be filled from bottom to top
(like a thermometer) or from left to right (like a progress complete bar). There is also a
configurable scale, enabling intermediate values to be estimated. The Linear gauge will only
display a value, you cannot set a value with this gauge.
Linker
This control gives the ability to link COTS (commercial off the shelf) ActiveX components to any
of the Omron communications controls, e.g. the CX-Server communications control. The control
is configured in design-mode to select the ActiveX component (e.g. a Microsoft Forms V2.0
check box control) to which the control will link at runtime. In runtime mode data will be read
from and written to the selected PLC item and the selected ActiveX component.
Note: In this version, the linker cannot link text points or array points only single element points.
Rotational Gauge
The Rotational Gauge displays an analogue value, similar to a speedometer. An indicator
needle rotates according to the value. There is a configurable scale, enabling intermediate
values to be estimated. The Rotational gauge will only displays a value, you cannot set a value
with this gauge.
Rotary Knob
The Rotary Knob allows you to set an analogue value, similar to a volume knob. You can rotate
the knob, e.g. by clicking and dragging the mouse, to set the pointer to a new position. There is
a configurable scale, enabling intermediate values to be estimated. The pointer always reflects
the current value e.g. on start-up, and will change position in response to an external influence.
Toggle
The Toggle allows you to toggle a Boolean bit between its ‘On’ and ‘Off’ state. This is as a
switch that can be clicked to change its state. The current state is shown by the position of the
switch. The switch position also reflects the current value e.g. on start-up, and will change
position in response to an external influence.
Timer
The timer enables you to run a set of instructions repeatedly at regular intervals.
Thumbwheel
The Thumbwheel provides a set of input controls, similar to a hardware Thumbwheel Switch.
By clicking minus and plus buttons, the various input digits can be set. There are two modes of
operation; Commit and Direct. When the optional Commit button is enabled, digit values may
be edited freely. The PLC will not receive an updated value until the Commit button is pressed.
In direct mode [without the optional Commit button] changes to digit values are sent direct to
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the PLC as they occur. Floating point is supported, and integer values can be represented in
both decimal and hexadecimal.
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Tutorial
Important: This tutorial describes operation in Visual Basic and Excel. For details of
operation in Microsoft Visual C++ please see the separate CX-Server Lite
Communications Control C++ Tutorial.
The following sections take you through the steps required to open your selected application,
i.e. Excel or Visual Basic and create a working area. Using the short tutorial you can then
continue and load a number of ActiveX objects, link them together and run a simulation.
As you became more practised in using CX-Server Lite you will find there is usually more then
one way to perform an operation. The following procedures may not always be the quickest but
have been written to show how the application works using the basic features.
If the ActiveX objects are not visible in the Visual Basic Toolbox they can be added as follows:
1, 2, 3…
1.
2.
3.
Right click in the Toolbox and select the Components… option. This will
open the Components dialog.
Find the CX-Server Lite controls in the list, all of which all start with
OMRON CX, and tick each box.
Click the OK button. The objects are now displayed in the Toolbox.
Step 1: Viewing PLC Data using Omron Graphical Controls
Adding the Communications Control
Before the Graphical Controls objects of CX-Server Lite can communicate with a PLC the
correct data source connections have to be set up for it. This is not necessary if the Graphical
Control will be used stand alone and driven from script.
To add a Communications Control:
1, 2, 3…
1.
2.
3.
4.
Start the host application e.g. Microsoft Excel 97.
Tip: If you intend having a large number of components on your
desktop it is recommended you run Excel in full screen mode.
Ensure the Control Toolbox and CX-Server Lite toolbars are shown
by selecting them from the View, Toolbar menu.
Note: In Visual Basic, ensure the Toolbox is shown by selecting
Toolbox from the View menu.
Ensure the host application is in design mode for example, in Excel by
clicking the Design Mode button in the Control Toolbox.
In the CX-Server Lite toolbar click the Add CX-Server
Communications Control button. The Communications Control object
is drawn in the default position - top left hand corner of the work area.
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Note:
In Visual Basic, select the required component from the Toolbox and draw a
rectangle at the desired position.
Tip: Double clicking the toolbox button inserts the component with a default
size.
5.
Using Drag and Drop the object can now be repositioned in the work
area. Note that the object will not be visible in run mode.
Connecting the Communications Control to a PLC
The first step is to create a CX-Server project file (.CDM file) or select one which has been
created by another application (e.g. CX-Programmer or SYSMAC-SCS). This file contains PLC
configuration data and symbolic definitions.
The following procedure takes you through the steps required to load an existing .CDM file or
create a new one.
1, 2, 3…
1.
Right click on the CX-Server communications control. In the popup menu,
select the OMRON CX Communications Control Object option.
Note:
2.
In Visual Basic, the menu option is called Properties.
In the Communication Control Properties dialog ‘Project’ field enter or
select the following.
i. To open an existing CX-Server project (.CDM) file:
♦
Click the Open… button and in the Open Project dialog navigate
to the file you wish to open.
♦
When you click the Open button, the full path name of the
selected file will be entered into the Project field.
Caution: When sharing a CDM file with another applications it is
important to realise that any changes that are made to the CDM
file may affect the other applications.
ii.
To create a new CX-Server project (.CDM) file:
♦
Click the New… button and in the Create Project dialog navigate
to the directory in which you wish to create the new file.
♦
3.
4.
In the File Name field, enter the desired file name. When you
click the Save button, the full path name of the new file will be
entered into the Project field.
Projects can be edited by clicking the Edit Project… button and then
making the required changes from the Project Edit Dialog. This is a CXServer runtime utility – invoke help from within it for details of how to add
and configure PLCs and Points.
Click the OK button to complete the configuration.
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The communications control is now ready to connect to CX-Server, and retrieve data from
PLCs. This data can be accessed using script commands (see Appendix B), or by adding a
Graphical Component.
Adding a 7 Segment Display
1, 2, 3…
1.
With the host application in design mode, add a 7 Segment control.
2.
Right click on the graphical component and from the popup menu select the
OMRON CX 7 Segment Control Object option.
Note: In Visual Basic, the menu option is called Properties.
3.
In the component properties dialog select the Data Source tab and enter
the following information:
♦
Server: - Select the name of the communications control to be used. If
only one has been added, it is selected automatically. If the list is
empty then you need to add one first.
♦
PLC: - Select the required PLC. If the appropriate PLC is not in the list
click the > button and select Add PLC…. The Add PLC dialog is part
of the CX-Server runtime. For further information on adding PLCs refer
to the CX-Server User Manual or the online help.
♦
Item: - Select the point Item. If the appropriate item is not in the list
click the > button and select Add Item….. The Point Editor dialog is
part of the CX-Server runtime. For further information on adding Points
refer to the CX-Server User Manual or the online help. The Item field
will also accept physical addresses e.g. “DM100” instead of defining
logical addresses.
♦
4.
Update Rate: - Enter the rate, in seconds, at which the data is
updated.
Note: This value should be chosen carefully. If the update rate is set
low it will increase the volume of data being transferred, and may
cause the system to slow down or stop responding.
Click OK to complete the connection.
Running the Application
Click the Mode button to change to ‘Run’ mode. The communications control
will disappear and will connect to the PLC. After a short delay, depending on
the PLC communications medium, the 7 Segment display will show the PLC
value.
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Note:
In Visual Basic, click
to design mode.
to switch to run mode, and
to return
Step 2: Inserting PLC Data in Cells
Step 1 shows PLC data in a graphical control, but the PLC data can also be inserted directly
into cells within Excel. This could be useful for further numerical analysis, like averaging or
statistical control.
Note
:
In Visual Basic, there is no concept of cells, but the same technique could be used
to set a Visual Basic variable with a PLC value.
Assuming Step 1 above has been completed:
1, 2, 3…
1.
Decide when the data should be updated:
i.
For the user to control the data update, add a standard Command
Button from the Control Toolbox.
ii.
For the value to constantly update on a regular interval, add the
Omron timer control.
2.
Double click the added object to access the script and add the line:
Cells(1, 1) = Comms1.Value("MyPointName")
where MyPointName is the logical name of the item to read.
3. Close the Visual Basic editor, and run the application as shown in
Step 1. The cell A1 (that is row 1, column 1) will show the required
data.
Step 3: Adding Third Party ActiveX Controls
Step 1 shows PLC data in an Omron graphical control, but the PLC data can used by other
ActiveX controls, like Graphical Control Libraries supplied by other manufacturers, or controls
like Charts or Scroll Bars supplied with Microsoft products.
Assuming Step 1 above has been completed, the following steps show connecting the data to a
standard Scroll Bar:
1, 2, 3…
1.
Add a standard Scroll Bar from the Control Toolbox.
2.
Select and resize the buttons as required then drag and drop the buttons in
the desired position.
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3.
Double- click on the scroll bar buttons. This will reposition the cursor in the
code sheet at the following entry.
Private Sub Scrollbar1_Change()
|
End Sub
Note:
4.
In Visual Basic, the default name for scroll bars is HScroll1 or
VScroll1.
Add the following syntax. The additional command instructs any new Scroll
Bar value to be written to the PLC.
Private Sub Scrollbar1_Change()
Comms1.Value(“MyPointName”) = Scrollbar1.Value
End Sub
Run the application as shown in Step 1. The communications control will
disappear and the 7 Segment display will show the PLC value. When you click
on the scroll bar buttons the value is sent to the PLC. This new value is then
shown on the 7 segment display. Note that the maximum value is limited to
100. This is the default value of the scroll bar buttons.
This example shows a control setting a PLC value. Third Party controls can also display PLC
values. For this, the syntax would be (depending on actual control):
ControlName.Value = Comms1.Value(“MyPointName”)
This script could also be added to a button or Timer control, as explained in Step 2. Script
functions are described further in Appendix B.
Maximum Active Communications Controls
The number of active communications controls should be less than twenty (e.g. if
communications controls have been added on a one-per-form basis, no more than nineteen
forms should be open at any one time).
Improving Performance
When doing any reading or writing to or from a PLC, it is important to be aware of the fact that if
the PLC is not open, then the read or write command will cause it to be opened, and then
closed after the operation is complete. If more than one read or write operation is to be
performed, it is considerably faster and more efficient to use the OpenPLC command first, do all
the reading and writing, and then (if required) use the ClosePLC command to close the PLC.
It is recommended that the number of communications controls that are active at any one time
(e.g. on open forms in Visual Basic) is kept as low as possible. It is often possible to have just
one per project. The main limitation with doing that is that the communications control needs to
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be driven programmatically, and any graphical controls need to be driven directly (e.g. the value
can be read by the program from the communications control, and then written to a graphical
control). This is because graphical controls can only connect directly to a communications
control on the same Visual Basic form.
Other Features
The following sections provide a brief overview of some of the more advanced features
available in CX-Server Lite.
Event Driven Routines
Many of the script examples in this manual use asynchronous communications, that is
communications are carried out on demand without synchronisation with the rest of the system.
Asynchronous communications can be easily used to quickly create solutions that are easy to
understand. As a solution grows however, asynchronous communications can prove inefficient
and produce unpredictable updating, which is difficult to debug because multiple scripts may be
demanding the same data at the same time.
The CX-Server Communications Control provides facilities for synchronous communications,
that is communications and data updating are synchronised. The GetData and StopData script
commands (see Appendix B for full details) control the generation of OnData events on regular
intervals, which can be used to efficiently drive multiple controls, and is easier to debug.
Example:
1, 2, 3…
1.
Add an OMRON CX-Server Communications Control and two standard
Command Buttons.
2.
Double click the communications control to add the following script.
Note the script is in the Event OnData:
Private Sub Comms1_OnData(ByVal PLC As String, ByVal
Point As String, ByVal Value As Variant, ByVal
BadQuality As Boolean)
If (Point = "MyPointName") Then
'Data is from this point
Cells(1, 1) = Value
End If
End Sub
Every time OnData is called with data from the point MyPointName the
value is written to the cell A1.
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3.
Double click the Command Buttons to add the following script:
Private Sub CommandButton1_Click()
Comms1.GetData("MyPLC", "MyPointName", 1.0, 0)
End Sub
Private Sub CommandButton2_Click()
Comms1.StopData("MyPLC", "MyPointName)
End Sub
Run the application. Click CommandButton1 to start creating OnData events every second.
Note the cell A1 updating. Click CommandButton2 to stop the updating.
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Advanced Properties
When working with Visual Basic the advanced properties dialog is normally displayed on the
right of the work form, although it can be docked in any position. In Excel it is opened by right
clicking on an object and selecting the Properties option from the popup menu. The dialog
allows you to scan through all the available options. Some options require you to enter specific
information, others provide a choice of entries from a drop down menu.
From the drop down menu at the top of the dialog select the object to be edited. This will
display the full range of options available for that object, which can then be viewed either
Alphabetically or Categorised. A full list of the options and their settings and ranges for the CXServer Lite objects can be found in Appendix A – Component Properties.
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Project Tree
Like Explorer the Project Tree provides a graphical representation of you application. In Visual
Basic it is displayed to the right of the work form while in Excel it is shown on the left of the code
sheet.
By expanding the tree you can see all your associated files and work sheets. It is possible to
open any number of work sheets by simply double- clicking on them. Having multiple work
sheets open in this way enables you to copy and paste between them saving you valuable time
rewriting sections of code that already exist, and more importantly are known to work.
Controlling ActiveX Objects
A number of objects can be grouped together such as the 7 segment display and the spin
buttons by selecting the objects you want to group while holding down the ‘Shift’ key as you
select each object. When you have selected all the objects, right click on an object and select
the ‘Group’ option from the drop down menu. Note however that objects must be ungrouped
before their parameters can be edited.
Other drawing commands such as Bring to Front, Send to Back, Cut, Copy, Past etc. follow the
standard windows conventions and are selected from the toolbar and/or drop down menus.
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Appendix A
Component Properties
This appendix gives a list of the available properties. Each component supports a selection of
these properties which can be set in design mode by using the properties dialog, or in the run
time by using a Visual Basic script command – for example: - Object1.Value = 10
(Note: The container application may also display additional container-specific properties that
apply to all objects, e.g. Excel provides a parent property. Consult the help for the container
application for details of these properties.)
Property Title
Example Values
Description
About
None
Description of the object.
(Custom)
None
Opens the properties dialog for the object.
(Name)
Object Name
This is the system generated name for the object.
Autoload
True
False
Switches the Autoload function On or Off. When set to On the ActiveX
component value will autoload.
True = On, False = Off.
AutoSize
0 to 1
Switches the fonts auto size option on or off.
0 = Off, 1 = On.
BackColour
&H00E0E0E0&
The code determines the background colour of the object. Click the browse
button to display the colour palette.
BorderStyle
0 to 3
The value determines the visual appearance of the border that surrounds the
object.
0 = None, 1 = Raised, 2 = Sunken, 3 = Single_Line
ButtonStyle
0 to 6
The value determines the button style.
0 = Toggle Switch, 1 = Colour Button, 2 = In/ Out Button, 3 – Rotary Switch
4 = Rocker Switch, 5 = Indicator Button, 6 = Blank Button.
CommsServerName
Comms1 to n
This is the name of associated communications control.
ControlName
CheckBox1
Selects the control name that will be linked to the PLC item at runtime
DatasetName
MyLogFile
Determines the name of the dataset and the file to which the log data will be
saved
DecimalPlaces
2
Number of decimal places for 7 Segment. Only applies when NumberBase =
10
DisplayErrors
True
False
Determines whether or not error messages will be displayed by the
communications control in a message box (set to True), or returned as an
error code to the client application (set to False), in which case the Visual
Basic Error Object should be used to display the error.
DisplayFont
Arial
This is the system name of the font used for the display. Use the browse
button to display the font dialog. Arial is the default.
DisplayFontColour
&H00000000&
The code determines the colour of the display font. Click the browse but ton to
display the colour palette.
DisplayFormat
0 – Dec
1 – Hex
2 – Scientific
Determines the format used to display the analogue display information.
0 = Decimal, 1 = Hexadecimal, 2 = Scientific.
DisplayMajorTicks
False
True
Shows or hides the major tick marks of the scale.
True = Show, False = Hide.
DisplayMajorUnits
False
True
Shows or hides the major units markers of the scale.
True = Show, False = Hide.
DisplayMinorTicks
False
True
Shows or hides the minor tick marks of the scale.
True = Show, False = Hide.
DisplayMinorUnits
False
Shows or hides the minor units markers of the scale.
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True
True = Show, False = Hide.
DisplayType
0 – Analogue
1 – Digital
2 – Text
Determines the type of display.
0 – Analogue: as a numeric value, 1 – Digital: as textual value,
2 – Text: as text.
Enabled
True
False
Switches the object on or off.
True = On, False = Off.
Font
Arial
This is the system name of the font used for the object title. Use the browse
button to display the font dialog. Arial is the default.
GroupOrPLCName
MyPLCName
The name of the group or PLC to which the control is linked at runtime.
Height
141
Sets the overall height of the object in pixels.
IndicatorColour
&H00FF0000&
The code determines the colour of the indicator. Click the browse button to
display the colour palette.
ItemName
Output Flow No1
This is the reference name given to the object.
KnobBorderPercentage
25
This value determines the size of the knob border as a percentage of the
overall size.
KnobColour
&H02C4723E&
The code determines the colour of the knob. Click the browse button to
display the colour palette.
KnobStyle
0 – Integer
1 – Real
Determines how the numerical value of the knob is interpreted
0 = as an integer or 1 = as a real number.
LeadingZeros
False
True
Turns On or Off the leading zero’s of the display.
False = On, True = Off.
LEDColour
&H00FF0000&
The code determines the default or inactivated colour of the LED indicator.
Click the browse button to display the colour palette.
Left
153
Determines the position of the object from the left hand edge of the work area
in pixels.
Locked
True
False
Locks the actions of the ActiveX object.
True = Locked, False = Unlocked.
MajorTickInterval
10
Sets the number of major tick intervals.
MaxAngle
180
Det ermines the length of the arc for rotary gauges. Range ±360 .
MaxCharacters
6
Determines the number of digits to be included in the display.
MaxDecimalPlaces
2
Determines the position of the decimal point in the display.
MaxGaugeValue
50
Sets the maxim um value of the gauge.
MaxValue
999.99
Sets the maximum value that can be shown by a display.
MinAngle
0
Determines the length of the arc for rotary gauges. Range ±360 .
MinGaugeAngle
50
Sets the minimum angle of the gauge.
MinGaugeValue
10
Sets the minimum value displayed on the gauge.
MinorTickInterval
2
Sets the number of tick intervals between each major tick interval.
MinValue
-999.99
Sets the minimum value that can be shown by a display.
NumberBase
10
Number Base for 7 Segment e.g. 2 for Binary, 10 for Decimal,
16 for Hexadecimal.
NumberOfDigits
3
Determines the number of digits to be included in the display.
Orientation
0 or 1
Sets the orientation of the gauge – Horizontal or Vertical.
0 = Vertical, 1 = Horizontal.
Path
C:\TEMP
Determines the location in which the control will save the log data
PLCName
PLC1
This is the name given to the PLC, not its type.
PrintObject
True
False
Determines if this ActiveX object will be shown on a printout of the work
sheet. True = Printed, False = Not printed.
ProjectName
C:\Test1.CDM
CX-Server Project Name
PropertyName
Value
The name of the property in the control to which the PLC item is linked at
runtime
Rollovertime
1
Determines the frequency in hours at which the control will create a new log
0
0
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file
Round
0 or 1
Determines the shape of the LED indicator. 0 = Square, 1 = Round.
ScaleFont
Arial
This is the system name of the font used for the scale. Use the browse
button to display the font dialog. Arial is the default.
ScaleFontColour
&H00000040&
The code determines the colour of the scale font. Click the browse button to
display the colour palette.
SegmentColour
&H0000C000&
The code determines the colour of the display segments. Click the browse
button to display the colour palette.
State0Colour
&H000000FF&
The code determines the colour of the toggle switch in the 0 state. Click the
browse button to display the colour palette.
State0Text
Text
State1Colour
&H0000FF00&
This is the text indicating the 0 state of the switch, i.e. Off, Stopped, Halt etc.
The code determines the colour of the toggle switch in the 1 state. Click the
browse button to display the colour palette.
State1Text
Text
This is the text indicating the 1 state of the switch, i.e. On, Running, Start etc.
StateFont
Arial
This is the system name of the font used to display the sate of the switch ro
button. Use the browse button to display the font dialog. Arial is the default.
StateFontColour
&H00000000&
The code determines the colour of the title font. Click the browse button to
display the colour palette.
Title
Text
This is the title that appears in the object.
TitlePosition
0 – Top
1 – Bottom
Determines where title will be placed in the object. Above or below the scale.
Top
230
Determines the position of the object from the top of the work area in pixels.
UnitPostion
0 – Inside
1 – Outside
Positions the dial units inside or outside the scale.
UpdateMethodID
-610
The ID of the method that will invoke the update to the PLC at runtime.
UpdateRate
10
The value sets the frequency, in seconds, at which the data passing to or
from the object is updated.
Value
0
Visible
True
False
Determines the default value of the ActiveX object. This is typically (although
not always) the default property for a control, so ControlName. = 10 is usually the
same as ControlName.Value = 10
Switches the object between visible and invisible in run mode.
True = Visible, False = Invisible.
Width
98.25
Determines the overall width of the object in pixels.
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Appendix B
Script / VB / C++ Interface
The Script Interface defines the Visual Basic script interface for the CX-Server communications
control. (Note: The container application may also display additional container-specific methods
that apply to all objects, e.g. Excel provides a BringToFront method. Consult the help for the
container application for details of these methods.)
The same methods can also be used in C++ (although it is important to be aware of the fact
that get and set are added before property names, so that, e.g., the D memory area property
becomes SetD or GetD). Although this appendix primarily deals with script languages, and
assumes that any C++ users are experienced and proficient, it does include examples in C++
where these should prove most helpful. The examples for ReadArea and WriteArea
demonstrate supplying data as arrays of variants, and converting them back to other types. For
more details of operation in Microsoft Visual C++ please see the separate CX-Server Lite
Communications Control C++ Tutorial.
Functions
Value
Values
Read
Write
SetDefaultPLC
OpenPLC
ClosePLC
ReadArea
WriteArea
GetData
StopData
OnData
RunMode
TypeName
IsPointValid
IsBadQuality
ListPLCs
Function for getting and setting an area of memory in a PLC.
This function allows logical names to be used. If an array is used,
the first element is returned.
Function for getting and setting an area of memory in a PLC.
This function allows logical names to be used. If an array is used
then a SAFEARRAY is returned with all values.
Function to read the value of a PLC point
Function to write the value of a PLC point
Function for setting the default PLC. This is primarily used when
a project contains multiple PLCs.
Opens the specific PLC for communications.
Closes the specific PLC.
Function for reading a block of memory from the PLC.
Function for writing a block of memory to the PLC.
Function for starting OnData Events.
Function for stopping OnData Events.
Event for receiving notification of a change in data.
Function for reading the current mode of the PLC.
Function for reading the PLC type (e.g. CQM1H).
Checks whether a specified point (or address) exists and is valid.
Checks whether a point is currently indicating “bad quality”.
Returns a list of the PLCs in a project.
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ListPoints
ClockRead
ClockWrite
RawFINS
DisplayErrors
ProjectName
Active
TCGetStatus
TCRemoteLocal
PLC Memory
Functions
SetDeviceAddress
SetDeviceConfig
GetDeviceConfig
DownloadProgram
UploadProgram
Protect
InitCXServer
NumErrors
LastErrorString
About
Help
Returns the list of points in a project (or in a PLC).
Reads the PLC Clock
Sets the PLC Clock
Function that enables raw FINS commands to be sent to a
specified PLC.
Function for control whether to display error in a message box.
Function for getting and setting the Name of the Project
Function for returning the connection status of a specified PLC.
Function for returning the device status of a specified temperature
controller
Function for switching a specified temperature controller into
Remote or Local mode
A, AR, C, CIO, D, DM, DR, E, EM, G, H, HR, IR,
LR, SR, ST, T, TC, TK, W.
Functions for getting and setting the memory areas in the PLC.
Sets PLC Network, Node, and Unit number and IP address
Sets any element of device configuration
Gets any element of device configuration
Downloads a program to a PLC
Uploads a program from a PLC
Protects (or releases protection on) program memory
Initialises CX-Server (for advanced usage only)
Count of all errors occurred since Lite control was first run
Description of last error that occurred
Brings up the about box
Brings up help information
Value
Reads the value of an address from a PLC, or writes a value to an address in a PLC. This
function allows logical names.
Excel example 1 – Reading a value from the PLC using a logical name.
intVal = Comms1.Value(“BoilerTemp”)
or
intVal = Comms1(“BoilerTemp”)
In these examples, the PLC address associated with ‘BoilerTemp’ will be read from the PLC
and stored in ‘intVal’. “Value” is the default property for a CX-Server communications control
and does not have to be specified.
Excel example 2 – Writing a value to the PLC using a logical name.
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Comms1.Value(“BoilerTemp”) = 50
or
Comms1(“BoilerTemp”) = 50
In these examples, the value 50 will be written to the PLC address associated with
‘BoilerTemp’. “Value” is the default property for a CX-Server communications control and does
not have to be specified.
Further Excel examples
Comms1(“PLCName/DMO”) = 1000
Comms1(“DMO”) = 1000
Intval = Comms1(“DM100”)
These examples are physical addresses. A PLC name can optionally be specified otherwise
the current default PLC will be assumed.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) example – Reading a value using a logical name.
intVal = Comms1.Value(“BoilerTemp”)
C++ example 1 – reads a value and converts it to text
COleVariant vaTemp;
CString csTextData;
COleVariant vaData;
vaData = m_CommsCtrl.GetValue((“BoilerTemp”);
vaTemp.ChangeType(VT_BSTR, &va Data);
csTextData = vaTemp.bstrVal;
C+ example 2 – converts a text value to integer and writes it
CString csValue;
…
// set csValue here to number input by user in string form, e.g. “1.2”
…
COleVariant var(csValue);
if(csValue.Find(".") != -1)
var.ChangeType(VT_R8); // real number
else if(csValue == "TRUE")
{
var.vt = VT_BOOL;
var = (short)1;
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}
else if (csValue == "FALSE")
{
var.vt = VT_BOOL;
var = (short)0;
}
else
var.ChangeType(VT_I4); // integer
m_CommsCtrl.SetValue(PointName1, var);
Values
Reads an array of values from a PLC, or writes an array of values to a PLC. This function
allows logical names. If an array is used then a SAFEARRAY is returned with all values.
Example 1 – Reading an array of values from the PLC using a logical name.
SomeArray = Comms1.Values(“BoilerTemps”)
Example 2 – Writing an array of values to the PLC using a logical name.
Comms1.Values(“BoilerTemps”) = SomeArray
C++ Example – see ReadArea for an illustration of how to handle values returned in a variant
array.
Read
Reads the value of a PLC point.
Example of synchronous Read
IntVal = Comms1.Read(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, WaitUntilComplete)
In this example, the Point ‘MyPoint’ will be read from the PLC ‘MyPLC’ and stored in ‘intVal’.
The script will wait for the read operation to complete before continuing to execute the next line.
This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
Example of asynchronous Read
Comms1.Read(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, NoWaiting)
In this example, the point ‘MyPoint’ will be read from the PLC ‘MyPLC’. The script will continue
to execute the next line immediately, and when the data is read, it generates an OnData event.
Note: If the PLC is not open, then this command will cause it to be opened, and then closed
after the read is complete. If more than one read or write operation is to be performed, it is
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considerably faster and more efficient to use the OpenPLC command first, do all the reading
and writing, and then (if required) use the ClosePLC command to close the PLC.
Write
Write the value of a PLC point.
Example of synchronous write:
Comms1.Write(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, NewValue, WaitUntilComplete)
In this example, ‘NewValue’ will be written to the point ‘MyPoint’ in the PLC called ‘MyPLC’. The
script will wait for the write operation to complete before continuing to execute the next line.
This is identical to the operation of the ‘Value’ method.
Example of asynchronous write:
Comms1.Write(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, NewValue, NoWaiting)
In this example, ‘NewValue’ will be written to the point ‘MyPoint’ in the PLC called ‘MyPLC’. The
script will continue to execute the next line immediately.
Note: If the PLC is not open, then this command will cause it to be opened, and then closed
after the read is complete. If more than one read or write operation is to be performed, it is
considerably faster and more efficient to use the OpenPLC command first, do all the reading
and writing, and then (if required) use the ClosePLC command to close the PLC
SetDefaultPLC
The ‘SetDefaultPLC’ function can be used to inform the script parser that a particular PLC is
has been set as the default. Once a default PLC has been set, then it is not necessary (with
some functions) to specify a PLC name. For example,
Comms1.SetDefaultPLC(“MyPLC”)
intVal = Comms1.Value(“BoilerTemp1”)
Comms1.Value(“BoilerTemp1”) = 75
intVal = Comms1.Value(“DM50”)
Each ‘Value’ function above will access data in the PLC called ‘MyPLC’.
Note:
If there is only 1 PLC in the project then it is not necessary to call the
‘SetDefaultPLC’ function.
The first PLC in a project will automatically be set as the default PLC.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Comms1.SetDefaultPLC “MyPLC”
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OpenPLC
Opens a PLC for communications. If no PLC is specified then the default PLC is opened. While
it is generally not strictly necessary to open a PLC, because any attempt to communicate with it
will cause it to automatically be opened, it is often considerably more efficient to do so
(otherwise the PLC may be repeatedly automatically opened and closed each time any
communications occurs, which can be very time consuming).
Example 1:
Comms1.SetDefaultPLC(“MyPLC”)
Comms1.OpenPLC()
Comms1.DM(100) = 10
Comms1.DM(50) = 10
Example 2:
Comms1.OpenPLC(“MyPLC”)
Comms1.DM(100) = 10
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example – Open the default PLC
Comms1.OpenPLC
ClosePLC
Closes a previously opened PLC. If no PLC is specified then the default PLC is closed.
Example:
Comms1.ClosePLC(“MyPLC”)
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example – Close the default PLC
Comms1.ClosePLC
ReadArea
Reads a specified block of memory from a PLC.
Examples of synchronous read:
MyVariant = Comms1.ReadArea(“MyPLC/DM0”, 12, vbString, WaitUntilComplete )
MyVariant = Comms1.ReadArea(“BoilerTemp”, 10, vbInteger, WaitUntilComplete )
MyVariant = Comms1.ReadArea(“BoilerTemp”, 20)
In the first example, DM0 to DM11 will be read as characters (part of a string) from ‘MyPLC’ and
will be stored in ‘MyVariant’. The second example demonstrates that it is also possible to use a
logical name for the start address, and that any VB variant types (such as vbInteger) can be
used. The third example shows that the VB Variant type parameter is optional – if none is
specified then vbInteger is assumed. In all these examples, WaitUntilComplete is specified (or
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assumed) so the script will wait for the read operation to complete before continuing to execute
the next line.
Example of asynchronous read:
MyVariant = Comms1.ReadArea(“BoilerTemp”, 10, vbInteger, NoWaiting )
In this example, the Point ‘BoilerTemp’ will be read. The script will continue to execute the next
line immediately, and when the data is read, it generates an OnData event.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example – Synchronous read of an area using a logical name.
Dim data
data = Comms1.Read Area(“myPointarray”, 2, vbString + vbArray, 0)
‘Access data by indexing the array.
sValue = data[0] ‘ For the first element of the array.
C++ Example:
This example converts an array of 10 integers based at D3000 to a string containing a commaseparated list of values.
COleVariant vaData;
COleVariant vaTemp;
CString strTextData;
CString csArea = "D3000"; // GetPointSelected();
vaData = m_CommsCtrl.GetReadArea(csArea,10,VT_INT,0);
// quick test for ints
SAFEARRAY* pArray = vaData.parray;
LONG lBound = 0, uBound = 0;
SafeArrayGetLBound( pArray, 1, &lBound );
SafeArrayGetUBound( pArray, 1, &uBound );
UINT elementsize = SafeArrayGetElemsize( pArray);
for (long i = lBound; i <= uBound; i++)
{
HRESULT hr = SafeArrayGetElement(pArray, &i, &vaTemp);
// This is just an example of converting array of integers to
// comma-separated text
vaTemp.ChangeType(VT_BSTR, &vaTemp);
strTextData += vaTemp.bstrVal;
if (i < uBound)
strTextData += ",";
}
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WriteArea
Writes a block of memory to a specified area in a PLC.
Examples of synchronous write:
MyString = “TestString”
Comms1.WriteArea “MyPLC/DM50”, 10, MyString, WaitUntilComplete
Dim newValue(2) As Long
newValue(1) = 0
newValue(2) = 1
Comms1.WriteArea “BoilerTemp”,2,newValue, WaitUntilComplete
In the first example, the contents of ‘MyString’ will be written into DM50 to DM54. Any
additional data in ‘MyString’ will be ignored (i.e. if ‘MyString’ is 15 characters in length then the
first 10 characters will be written to DM50 to DM54 and the remaining 5 characters will be
ignored – {Note: each PLC address holds 2 characters}). The second example shows that a
logical name can be used. In all these examples, WaitUntilComplete is specified (or assumed)
so the script will wait for the write operation to complete before continuing to execute the next
line.
Example of asynchronous write:
Comms1.WriteArea “Boiler Temp”, 10, newValue, NoWaiting
In this example, the contents of ‘newValue’ will be written to the Point ‘BoilerTemp’. The script
will continue to execute the next line immediately, and the data write operation will continue in
the background.
C++ Example
The following example writes the integers 101 to 110 to data locations from D3000 to D3009:
COleVariant vaData;
HRESULT hr = E_FAIL;
SAFEARRAYBOUND bound;
bound.lLbound = 1;
bound.cElements = 10;
SAFEARRAY* pArray = SafeArrayCreate(VT_I2, 1, &bound);
if (pArray)
{
LONG vbIndex = 1;
for(int i = 101; i <= 110; i++)
{
SafeArrayPutElement(pArray, &vbIndex, &i);
vbIndex++;
}
vaData.vt = VT_I2 | VT_ARRAY;
vaData.parray = pArray;
}
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CString csArea = "D3000";
m_CommsCtrl.WriteArea(csArea,10,vaData,1);
GetData
Starts asynchronous data reading of the specified point at the requested update rate.
Example
Comms1.GetData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, nUpdateRate
In this example, MyPoint in MyPLC would be read at the rate of nUpdateRate (seconds). Data
is then sent to the OnData routine.
An individual element of a point, defined as an array in a CDM file, can be accessed for reading
or writing values.
Example
Comms1.GetData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint[2], nUpdateRate
In this example, the third element of the point MyPoint (defined as plc1/DM500/10/USH) can
now be accessed as MyPoint[2]. By default, if the array element is not specified, then the
whole point (whole array of elements) is manipulated.
By using the ‘OnChange’ command as the fourth parameter, the GetData method will only
return points when they change.
Example
Comms1.GetData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, nUpdateRate, OnChange
OnChange is of type ‘UpdateSetting’. By default, the UpdateSetting is set to Continuous, to
remain compatible with previous versions.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example – Get a single point
Comms1.GetData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint”, 1
StopData
Stops asynchronous data reading of the specified point.
Example
Comms1.StopData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint”
In this example, the reading of MyPoint in MyPLC would be stopped.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Comms1.StopData “MyPLC”, “MyPoint”
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OnData
This event is sent back to the container (e.g. Excel) when GetData has been called and new
data is available.
Example
Private Sub Comms1_OnData(ByVal PLC As String, ByVal Point As String,
ByVal Value As Variant, ByVal BadQuality as Boolean)
TextBox1 = Point
Segment1 = Value
End Sub
In this example, the CX-Server 7 Segment component is set to the value of the point and a text
box is set to display the current point.
If BadQuality is set to True then the value may be inaccurate e.g. from a device which has been
disconnected.
The OnData routine can be enhanced to include logical expressions on the incoming Point
name and then update the correct graphical object etc. for example:
Private Sub Comms1_OnData(ByVal PLC As String, ByVal Point As String,
ByVal Value As Variant, ByVal BadQuality as Boolean)
If Point = “MyPoint” then
Segment1 = Value
Else if Point = “MyOtherPoint” then
Cells(1,1) = Value
End if
End Sub
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
‘In the OnData event of the CX-Lite control.
sPLC = PLC
sPoint = Point
sValue = Value
RunMode
Reads the current operating mode of a PLC (Stop/Program, Debug, Monitor, Run), where
0=Stop/Program mode, 1=Debug mode, 2=Monitor mode and 4=Run mode.
Example
intMode = Comms1.RunMode(“MyPLC”)
In this example, the operating mode would be read from ‘MyPLC’ and stored in ‘intMode’. If
‘MyPLC’ was in ‘Monitor’ mode then ‘intMode’ would be set to the value 2.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example – Get the current PLC mode
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Dim nMode
nMode = Comms1.RunMode(“MyPLC”)
TypeName
Returns from the CX-Server project file a PLC model name (e.g. C200H, CQM1H, CVM1 etc).
Example
strPLCType = Comms1.TypeName(“MyPLC”)
In this example, the PLC model type of ‘MyPLC’ will be read from the .CDM file and stored in
‘strPLCType’.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim sPLCType
sPLCType = Comms1.TypeName(“MyPLC”)
IsPointValid
Checks if a point (or address) exists and is valid
Examples
bIsValid = Comms1.IsPointValid(“MyPoint”, “MyPLC”)
bIsValid = Comms1.IsPointValid(“MyPoint”)
The boolean variable bIsValid is set True if the point (or address) “MyPoint” exists or is a valid
physical address. Note: Be careful when using this, the PLC parameter is optional and is
therefore second, not first as is the case with with many other methods.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
bIsValid = Comms1.IsPointValid(“MyPoint”)
IsBadQuality
Checks whether a point is currently indicating “Bad Quality”.
Example
bBad = Comms1.IsBadQuality(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”)
The boolean variable bBad is set True if the point “MyPoint” is indicating “Bad Quality” (e.g. the
associated PLC is disconnected). It will also return True if the current quality is unknown - see
note below.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim bBad
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bBad = Comms1.IsBadQuality(“MyPLC”, “MyPoint”)
Note: IsBadQuality will return True in situations where the quality is unknown, e.g. where
no previous communications with a point has occurred.
ListPLCs
Returns a list of PLCs in a project
Example
A = Comms1.ListPLCs
For Count = 1 To UBound(A)
ComboBox1.AddItem (A(Count))
Next Count
This example fills a combo box with the names of PLCs in the current project.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim arrayOfPLCs
Dim nUbound, nLbound
arrayOfPLCs = Comms1.ListPLCs
nLbound = LBound(arrayOfPLCs)
nUbound = UBound(arrayOfPLCs)
For Count = nLbound To nUbound
‘Do something with list here
Next
ListPoints
Returns a list of points in a project or PLC
Example 1
A = Comms1.ListPoints(ComboBox1.Text)
For Count = 1 To UBound(A)
ComboBox2.AddItem (A(Count))
Next Count
This example fills ComboBox2 with the names of points in the PLC shown in ComboBox1.
Example 2
A = Comms1.ListPoints
For Count = 1 To UBound(A)
ComboBox3.AddItem (A(Count))
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Next Count
This example fills ComboBox3 with the names of points in the current project.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim arrayOfPoints
Dim nUbound, nLbound
arrayOfPoints = Comms1.ListPoints(sPLC)
nLbound = LBound(arrayOfPoints)
nUbound = UBound(arrayOfPoints)
For Count = 1 To UBound(arrayOfPoints)
‘Do something with points list here
Next
ClockRead
Function that reads the PLC clock
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example
Dim NewDate as Date
NewDate = Comms1.ClockRead("PLC1")
Text1 = NewDate ‘ this is just an example of displaying the date in a text box
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim NewDate
NewDate = Comms1.ClockRead("PLC1")
‘ dates can be manipulated via standard VBScript methods (FormatDateTime, DatePart etc.)
TextBox1 = NewDate ‘ this uses a Microsoft Forms Text Box to convert date to string
TextPoint1 = TextBox1 ‘this writes the date string to a CX-Supervisor text point
ClockWrite
Function that sets the PLC clock. The expected format for the date is “dd/mm/yyyy hh:mm:ss”.
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example
Dim NewDate as Date
'set time/date value here using standard VBA methods
NewDate = Text1 ‘ This example is getting the date from a text box, set earlier by ClockRead
Comms1.ClockWrite "PLC1", NewDate
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VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
Dim NewDate
'set time/date value here using standard VBScript methods (Date, Time, Now, CDate etc.)
NewDate = Now ‘ This example sets the time to the current PC time
Comms1.ClockWrite "PLC1", NewDate
Comms1.ClockWrite “PLC1”, Now ‘does the same as the example above using less script
RawFINS [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users familiar with the Omron FINS protocol only. This function
enables raw FINS commands to be sent to a specified PLC
Example
Dim sFINSResponse as String
sFINSResponse = Comms1.RawFINS(“0501”, “MyPLC”, AsString, PLC_CPU, False)
In this example, the FINS message “0501” (model read) would be sent to “MyPLC” as a string.
The response from the PLC will be stored as a string in sFINSResponse.
The final two parameters are optional. The first of them, UnitNumber, allows the command to be
sent to the PLC CPU or to a bus unit (e.g. BUS_UNIT1, the default is PLC_CPU), the second
parameter specifies whether errors should be ignored (the default is False)
Example
Dim bFINSResponse() as Byte
Dim bFINSCommand(2) as Byte
bFINSCommand(0) = &H7
bFINSCommand(1) = &H1
bFINSResponse = Comms1.RawFINS(bFINSCommand, “MyPLC”, AsArrayOfBytes)
Count = 0
For Count = LBound(bFINSResponse) to UBound(bFINSResponse)
MsgBox(bFINSResponse(Count))
Next Count
In this example, the FINS message “0701” (to read the PLC’s clock) would be sent to “MyPLC”
as an array of bytes. The response from the PLC will be stored as an array of bytes in
bFINSResponse.
By using this function it is possible to send any supported FINS command to a specified PLC.
For further information regarding FINS commands please see the FINS commands reference
manual.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
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Dim sFINS
Dim sResponse
sFINS = "0501"
sResponse = Comms1.RawFINS(sFins, sPLC)
txtFINSResponse = sResponse ‘txtFINSResponse is a CX-Supervisor point.
DisplayErrors
The DisplayErrors property can be used to control whether to display error in a message box.
For example,
Comms1.DisplayErrors = True
Or
Dim IsDisplayingErrors as Boolean
IsDisplayingErrors = Comms1.DisplayErrors
ProjectName
The ProjectName property can be used to set the Name of the Project to a specific path. For
example,
Comms1.ProjectName = C:\Program Files\OMRON\CX-Server Lite\LiteExample.cdm
Or to get the current one,
Dim ProjectPath as String
ProjectPath = Comms1.ProjectName
Active
Returns the connection status of a specified PLC.
Example
IntConnectedStatus = Comms1.Active(“MyPLC”)
In this example, the connected status would be read from ‘MyPLC’ and stored in
‘intConnectedStatus’. If ‘MyPLC’ is connected ‘intConnectedStatus’ would be set to True.
VBScript (CX-Supervisor) Example
bActive = Comms1..Active(sPLC) ‘ bActive is a CX-Supervisor point
TCGetStatus
The .TCGetStatus command will return status data for the specified device.
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Example
Dim bTCStatusResponse() As Byte
bTCStatusResponse = Comms1.TCGetStatus("E5AK")
‘Heating output
Cells(1, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(21)
‘Cooling output
Cells(2, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(22)
‘Alarm 1 output
Cells(3, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(23)
‘Alarm 2 output
Cells(4, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(24)
‘Alarm 3 output
Cells(5, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(25)
‘Stopped status
Cells(8, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(28)
‘Remote status
Cells(10, 1) = bTCStatusResponse(30)
In this example, the device status is being read from “E5AK” as an array of bytes. The response
from the temperature controller is stored as an array of bytes in bTCStatusResponse.
By using this function it is possible to retrieve all supported status information from a specified
temperature controller device.
See Appendix C for details regarding the supported device types and for details regarding
which devices support which status bits.
TCRemoteLocal
The .TCRemoteLocal command will execute the Remote/Local command for the specified device:
Example - in this example, the “E5AK” device is being set to local mode:
‘Set the device to local mode
Comms1.TCRemoteLocal "E5AK”, 1
Example - in this example, the “E5AK” device is being set to remote mode:
‘Set the device to remote mode
Comms1.TCRemoteLocal "E5AK”, 0
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PLC Memory Functions (A, AR, C, CIO, D, DM, DR, E, EM, G, H, HR,
IR, LR, SR, ST, T, TC, TK, W)
All PLC memory functions (e.g. A, AR, D, DM etc.) work in exactly the same way. The following
examples use the DM function to get and set the value of a DM address in a PLC.
Example 1
intVal = Comms1.DM(100)
In this example, the contents of DM100 will be read from the PLC and stored in ‘intVal’.
Note:
These examples assume there is only 1 PLC in the CX-Server project file, or
that the ‘SetDefaultPLC’ function has been used to select the required PLC.
Refer to the ‘SetDefaultPLC’ function for details about using script with multiple
PLCs in the project.
Example 2
Comms1.DM(100) = 75
In this example, the value 75 will be written to DM100 in the PLC.
Bit addressing, that is accessing data from individual memory bits, is also supported by these
memory areas: IR, AR, HR and CIO.
Example 3
intVal = Comms1.IR(“100.2”)
In this example, the status of bit IR100.2 (i.e. bit 2 of IR100) will be read from the PLC and
stored in ‘intVal’ (e.g. ‘value’ will be set to TRUE or FALSE).
Example 4
Comms1.IR(“100.2”) = True
In this example, bit IR100.2 (i.e. bit 2 of IR100) in the PLC will be set to True. Note that use of
the quotes is optional, but is required to differentiate between 100.1 and 100.10
SetDeviceAddress [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. This function can be used to set key elements of a
device address (the network number, node number, unit number and Ethernet IP address). The
numbers are in the range 0 to 255, with -1 being used to denote “ignore this parameter”. Note:
this method does not interpret the data passed, and it is possible to pass invalid data that will
prevent a device communicating. Care should be taken to ensure that all data passed is valid. This
method should not be used while a PLC is open and communicating.
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 1
NetworkNum = 1
NodeNum = 2
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UnitNum = -1
iPAddress = “10.0.0.1”
bValid = Comms1.SetDeviceAddress "PLC1", NetworkNum, NodeNum, UnitNum, IPAddress
Note: The return Boolean value, bValid, is set to True if no errors were detected. However, this does
not necessarily mean that all the parameters used were valid or appropriate for the PLC being used.
SetDeviceConfig [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. This is a function that can be used to set any element
of CX-Server device configuration. All the data is passed in textual form. Note: this method
does not interpret the data passed, and it is possible to pass invalid data that will
prevent a device communicating. Care should be taken to ensure that all data passed is
valid. This method should not be used while a PLC is open and communicating.
Currently supported values are:
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example
Device = “PLC1”
Section = “ADDRESS”
Entry = “IPADDR”
Setting = “10.0.0.1”
bValid = Comms1.SetDeviceConfig Device, Section, Entry, Setting
Note: The return Boolean value, bValid, is set to True if no errors were detected. However, this does
not necessarily mean that all the parameters used were valid or appropriate for the device being used.
CX-Supervisor script example:
CXServer.SetDeviceConfig "MyPLC", "ADDRESS", "IPADDR", "10.0.0.1"
This function is primarily intended for future use. Only the following Section, Entry and Setting
parameter value combinations are currently supported:
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “DNA”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used to set
the network number
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “DA1”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used to set
the node number
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “UNIT”, Setting = “0”..Setting = “255” - this can be used to set
the unit number
Section = “ADDRESS”, Entry = “IPADDR”, Setting = “0.0.0.0”..Setting = “255.255.255.255” this can be used to set the Ethernet IP address
Other parameter values may work, but should only be used on Omron advice.
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GetDeviceConfig [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. This is a function that can be used to read any
element of the CX-Server device configuration. All the data is passed (and received) in textual
form.
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 1
Dim Setting As String
Device = “PLC1”
Section = “ADDRESS””
Entry = “IPADDR”
Setting = Comms1.SetDeviceConfig Device, Section, Entry, Setting
CX-Supervisor script example:
IPAddrPoint = CXServer.GetDeviceConfig("MyPLC", "ADDRESS", "IPADDR")
Currently supported parameter values are as described for the SetDeviceConfig method.
UploadProgram [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. The UploadProgram function can be used to read a
program (or other file) from a PLC. The program is read in binary form, and stored in a userspecified file. This function should not be used at the same time as any other PLC
communications. The project and PLC will automatically be opened if required.
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 1
Dim Source As String
Dim DestinationFile As String
Source = “”
DestinationFile = “c:\test1.bin”
Comms1.UploadProgram "PLC1", Source, DestinationFile, WaitUntilComplete, True
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 2
BValid = Comms1.UploadProgram "PLC1", "ALL", "c:\test1.bin", WaitUntilComplete,
True
Note: The parameters, in order, are the PLC name, the source (see below), the destination file,
WaitUntilComplete (value 1) or NoWaiting (value 0), and whether to report on progress.
Possible values for the source parameter are as follows:
“” (i.e. an empty string) – will upload the program (object) file only
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“PRG” – same as above, will upload the program (object) file only
“FBL” – will upload the Function Block Library file (The Function Blocks associated with a
program)
“ALL” – will upload both the program file and the Function Block file. The Function Block file will
be given the same name as the destination file except that a .FBL extension will be used.
Any other value – will be interpreted as the name of a file in the root directory of a memory card,
e.g. “Example.obj”
The second example shows that this method returns a Boolean value, which is set to True if no
errors are detected (but note that if the command is used with NoWaiting, then an error may
occur after the method returns but before the operation is complete, and must be detected via
the OnData routine - see below).
If progress reporting is set, then the progress updates will be provided via the OnData callback.
The format of this is:
Private Sub Comms1_OnData(ByVal PLC As String, ByVal Point As String,
ByVal Value As Variant, ByVal BadQuality as Boolean)
End Sub
When used with program upload reporting, the parameters are used as follows:
PLC – Name of PLC
Point – “UPLOAD:START” or “UPLOAD:RECEIVED” or “UPLOAD:COMPLETE” or
“UPLOAD:ERROR”
Value – For “UPLOAD:START” this is the total number of bytes to upload (i.e. file size)
For “UPLOAD:RECEIVED” and “UPLOAD:COMPLETE” this is the total bytes uploaded
so far.
For “UPLOAD:ERROR” this is a CX-Server error code (e.g. 35339 which is 8A0B in
hexadecimal, indicates the PLC is in the wrong mode)
DownloadProgram [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. The DownloadProgram function can be used to write
a program to a PLC. Care should be taken with this function to ensure that the program
written is valid for the PLC to which it is downloaded. In addition, users should be aware
that downloading the program object code on its own clears the associated function
block area. If a program uses function blocks then the associated function block file
must be downloaded to the PLC before the PLC program is run, or a PLC error condition
will occur. Any attempt to download a function block to a PLC that does not support FBs
will result in an error on download.
This function should not be used at the same time as any other PLC communications. The
project and PLC will automatically be opened if required.
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VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 1
Dim SourceFile As String
Dim DestinationFile As String
SourceFile = "c:\test2.bin"
Destination = “ALL”
Comms1.DownloadProgram "PLC1", SourceFile, Destination, WaitUntilComplete, True
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 2
bValid =Comms1.DownloadProgram "PLC1", "c:\test2.bin", "", WaitUntilComplete, True
Note: The parameters, in order, are the PLC name, the source file, the destination (see below),
WaitUntilComplete (value 1) or NoWaiting (value 0), and whether to report on progress.
Possible values for the destination parameter are as follows:
“” (i.e. an empty string) – will download the source file as a PLC program (object file) only. This
clears the function block area - if the program references any function blocks then these must
be downloaded (using the FBL parameter) before the PLC is run, or a PLC error condition will
occur.
“PRG” – same as above, will download the source file as a PLC program (object file) only. This
clears the function block area - if the program references any function blocks then these must
be downloaded (using the FBL parameter) before the PLC is run, or a PLC error condition will
occur.
“FBL” – will download the source file as a Function Block Library file (The Function Blocks
associated with a program). Note: The PLC must support function blocks, and the downloaded
function blocks must match the PLC program or an error will occur when downloading.
“ALL” – will download the program file and then any associated Function Block file. The
Function Block file will be downloaded from a file with the same name as the source file except
that a .FBL extension will be used. If the FBL file does not exist then only the program file will
be downloaded. If a suitably named FBL file is found, then the PLC must support function
blocks, and the downloaded function blocks must match the PLC program or an error will occur
when downloading.
Any other value – will be interpreted as the name of a file, e.g. “Example.obj”, in which case a
file of that name will be created or overwritten in the root directory of a memory card
The second example shows that this method returns a Boolean value, which is set to True if no
errors are detected (but note that if the command is used with NoWaiting, then an error may
occur after the method returns but before the operation is complete, and must be detected via
the OnData routine - see below).
If progress reporting is set, then the progress updates will be provided via the OnData callback.
The format of this is:
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Private Sub Comms1_OnData(ByVal PLC As String, ByVal Point As String,
ByVal Value As Variant, ByVal BadQuality as Boolean)
End Sub
When used with program download reporting, the parameters are used as follows:
PLC – Name of PLC
Point – “DOWNLOAD:START” or “DOWNLOAD:SENT” or “DOWNLOAD:COMPLETE” or
“DOWNLOAD:ERROR”
Value – For “DOWNLOAD:START” this is the total number of bytes to upload (i.e. file size)
For “DOWNLOAD:SENT” and “DOWNLOAD:COMPLETE” this is the total bytes
downloaded so far.
For “DOWNLOAD:ERROR” this is a CX-Server error code (e.g. 35339 which is 8A0B in
hexadecimal, indicates the PLC is in the wrong mode)
Protect [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. The Protect function can be used to protect (or
remove protection from) PLC program memory. This function should not be used at the same
time as any other PLC communications. The project and PLC will automatically be opened if
required.
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 1 (sets protection for CS series PLC)
Dim SetProtection as Boolean
Dim PasswordString As String
Dim PasswordNumber As Long
EnableProtection = true
PasswordString = “Password”
PasswordNumber = 0
Comms1.Protect “PLC1”, EnableProtection, PasswordString, PasswordNumber
VBA (e.g. Excel) Example 2 (unsets protection for C series PLC)
Dim SetProtection as Boolean
Dim PasswordString As String
Dim PasswordNumber As Long
EnableProtection = false
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PasswordString = “”
PasswordNumber = 12345678
Comms1.Protect “PLC1”, EnableProtection, PasswordString, PasswordNumber
Note: The parameters of this command are, in order:
PLC – Name of PLC
EnableProtection – true to set password protection, false to unset it
PasswordString – Password as a string. For CS series PLCs this should be a string of up to 8
characters. For CV PLCs this should be a string of up to 8 characters containing a hexadecimal
number, e.g. “12345678”. For C series PLCs this should be a string of up to 4 characters
containing a hexadecimal number, e.g. “1234”.
PasswordNumber – currently this is only used for C and CV series PLCs, and only when the
password string is empty. In those circumstances it is simply a number representing the value
of the 4 or 8 digit password. Please note that the password is entered in CX-Programmer as a
hexadecimal string (as with the PasswordString parameter above), and that, for example, the
value 1234 in decimal is the equivalent to “04d2” as a hexadecimal password string.
Additional C Series PLC notes: For C series the PLC program needs code (the first line of
the application) in the PLC to enable password setting/release, and this fixes the password
value.
e.g.
LD AR10.01
FUN49 0 0 #1234 (#1234 – password value in Hex)
When setting the password this value is used rather than the value passed – i.e. the password
string or number is ignored. The correct password must be provided, however, when disabling
the password protection.
InitCXServer [Advanced function]
This function is for advanced users only. The InitCXServer function is not normally required. It
is intended for use only in certain specialised situations, e.g. it may be of use in a multithreading
environment, to initialise worker threads before the first CX-Server function in that thread is
called. It should not be used in the main thread, and, in general, it should only be used on
advice from Omron. An appropriate Microsoft COM initialisation method, e.g. CoInitialize or
CoInitializeEx, may also need to be called within the thread before this method is called.
C++ examples:
m_CommsCtrl.InitCXServer(true); // Initialises CX-Server within a thread
m_CommsCtrl.InitCXServer(false); // Uninitialises CX-Server within a thread
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The unitialise example should only be used when no further CX-Server functionality is required
within a thread.
NumErrors
This property, which can be set as well as read, is a count of the number of errors that have
occurred since the Lite control was first run.
Excel Examples:
Cells(2,2) = Comms1.NumErrors
Comms1.NumErrors = 0;
LastErrorString
This property, which can be set as well as read, is a textual description of the last error that
occurred. If none have occurred, it is blank.
Excel Examples:
Cells(2,2) = Comms1.LastErrorString
Comms1.LastErrorString = “No more yet”
AboutBox
Brings up the About Box.
Example
Comms1.AboutBox
Help
Brings up the Help information.
Example
Comms1.Help
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Appendix C
Temperature Controller Support
Hardware support
CX-Server LITE supports all temperature controller devices supported by CX-Server, these
are:
- E5AF-A (*)
- E5AF-AH (*)
- E5EF-A (*)
- E5EF-AH (*)
- E5EF-BA (*)
- E5EF-BAH (*)
- E5AX-A (*)
- E5AX-AH (*)
- E5AX-D (*)
- E5AX-LA (*)
- E5AX-MA (*)
- E5AX-PRR (*)
- E5AX-V (*)
- E5AJ-A (*)
- E5EJ-A (*)
- E5AK-AA
- E5AK-PRR
(*) These devices are currently being phased out
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Parameter support
The following table outlines the temperature controller points available from the CX-Server
points editor. Cross-reference this information with the support offered by your specified device.
Data Location
Word
Addressing
Bit
Addressing
Read/Write
SETPOINT
√
X
√
PROPORTIONAL
√
X
√
INTEGRAL
√
X
√
DERIVATIVE
√
X
√
OUTPUT
√
X
X
LOWER_LIMIT
√
X
X
UPPER_LIMIT
√
X
X
PROCESS
√
X
X
STRENGTH
√
X
√
SCALE1
√
X
√
SCALE2
√
X
√
ALARM
√
√
√
SHIFT
√
√
√
SHIFT_LOWER
√
√
√
SHIFT_UPPER
√
√
√
BURNOUT
√
√
√
HEATER
√
X
X
ALARM1
√
√
√
ALARM2
√
√
√
ALARM3
√
√
√
COOLING
--
--
--
DEADBAND
--
--
--
VALVE
--
--
--
To access these values via the CX-Lite component add the appropriate temperature controller device.
Add a point using the value from the Data Location column in the table above. You can then access
this information as you would with any point.
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Device support
E5AF-A
E5AF-AH
E5EF-A
E5EF-AH
E5EF-BA
E5EF-BAH
E5AX-A
E5Ax-AH
E5AX-D
E5AX-LA
E5AX-MA
E5AX-PRR
E5AX-V
E5AJ-A
E5EJ-A
E5AK-AA
E5AK-PRR
The following table outlines the temperature controller points available for each of the devices
supported by CX-Server.
SETPOINT
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
PROPORTIONAL
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
INTEGRAL
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
DERIVATIVE
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
OUTPUT
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
LOWER_LIMIT
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
UPPER_LIMIT
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
PROCESS
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
STRENGTH
√
√
√
√
√
√
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
--
--
SCALE1
√
√
√
√
√
√
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
--
--
SCALE2
√
√
√
√
√
√
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
--
--
ALARM
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
--
--
--
--
SHIFT
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
--
--
SHIFT_LOWER
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
SHIFT_UPPER
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
BURNOUT
--
√
--
√
--
√
--
√
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
√
√
HEATER
--
√
--
√
--
√
--
√
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
√
√
ALARM1
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
√
√
ALARM2
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
√
√
ALARM3
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
COOLING
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
DEADBAND
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
VALVE
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
√
√
In addition to the previous table, a special value of PARMxx can be used to refer to any E5AK
parameter, where xx is replaced by a number that corresponds to the number of the parameter
given in the E5AK manual. For example, the special address PARM45 would refer to the 'SP
ramp set value'.
Refer to the Temperature Controller manual for descriptions of each special address.
Page 52
OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
TCGetStatus Information
The following status information is provided by the TCGetStatus() command:
1. eControlMode (* Note 1)
28. bHBAOutput (* Note 3)
2. eOutput (* Note 1)
29. bStopped (* Note 3)
3. fInputShiftDelay (* Note 1)
30. bManual (* Note 3)
4. eDisplayUnit (* Note 1)
31. bRemote (* Note 3)
5. fPIDConstantDisplay (* Note 1)
32. bRSPMode (* Note 3)
6. eOutputType (* Note 1)
33. bAT (* Note 3)
7. eCoolingType (* Note 2)
34. bEmpty1 (* Note 3)
8. eOutput2 (* Note 2)
35. bEmpty2 (* Note 3)
9. eAlarm1 (* Note 1)
36. bEmpty3 (* Note 3)
10. eAlarm2 (* Note 4)
37. bEmpty4 (* Note 3)
11. nInputType (* Note 1)
38. nSettingLevel (* Note 3)
12. eOperationMode (* Note 1)
39. bRAMWriteMode (* Note 3)
13. eBackupMode (* Note 1)
40. nControlOutput1Type (* Note 3)
14. eAutoTuneMode (* Note 1)
41. nControlOutput2Type (* Note 3)
15. fOverFlow (* Note 1)
42. bEEPROM (* Note 3)
16. fUnderFlow (* Note 1)
43. bInputError (* Note 3)
17. fSensorMalfunction (* Note 1)
44. bADConvertorError (* Note 3)
18. fADConvertorFailure (* Note 1)
45. bCTOverflow (* Note 3)
19. fRAMAbnormality (* Note 1)
46. bCTHold (* Note 3)
20. fRAMMismatch (* Note 1)
47. bPotentiometerError (* Note 3)
21. fStatusWordsOnly (* Note 3)
48. bRSPInputError (* Note 3)
22. bHeatingOutput (* Note 3)
49. bEmpty5 (* Note 3)
23. bCoolingOutput (* Note 3)
50. bEmpty6 (* Note 3)
24. bAlarm1Output (* Note 3)
51. bEmpty7 (* Note 3)
25. bAlarm2Output (* Note 3)
52. bEmpty8 (* Note 3)
26. bAlarm3Output (* Note 3)
53. bEmpty9 (* Note 3)
27. bLBAOutput (* Note 3)
(* Note 1) E5*F, E5*X, E5*J only
(* Note 2) E5AX-V, E5AX-D only
(* Note 3) E5*K, only
(* Note 4) E5*F, E5AX-A, E5AX-AH, E5AX-LA, E5AX-MA, E5AX-PRR, E5*J only
Page 53
OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Appendix D
Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003
General Usage and Considerations
CX-Server LITE has been designed to work with Microsoft Visual C++ 6 IDE and Microsoft
Visual Basic 6 IDE. CX-Server LITE continues to support the new IDE from Microsoft,
Visual Studio .NET 2003, but issues can arise that may cause confusion.
Microsoft Visual Studio .NET 2003 moves away from separate IDEs for users and instead
offers a single IDE for all. This means that Visual Basic and Visual C++, and the new C#
programming languages are all supported from one single IDE.
Adding the CX-Server LITE control to a project is now identical for all programming
languages.
1.
In the toolbox windows right-click and select Add/Remove Items….
2.
In the Customize Toolbox dialog select the COM Components tab. (This can take
some time.)
3.
Sort by Name (the first column) and scroll down until you find the Omron CX series of
components. These include the graphical objects – e.g. the Omron CX Knob control and the communications components – the Omron CX Communications control and the
Omron CX OPC Communications control.
4.
Select any of the controls you will be interested in using by clicking in the box to the left
of the component’s name. A tick will appear.
5.
When you select OK on the Customize Toolbox dialog, the dialog will close and the
components will be added to the toolbox.
For Visual Basic and Visual C# users’ usage will be largely the same as for Visual Basic.
Drop a component onto the form and use the properties page and custom properties to
tailor the component.
Visual C++ users will find it necessary to work in a slightly different manner. The standard
Properties was not available in Visual Studio C++ 6. Right-clicking the component and
asking for properties used to display the standard properties for selecting a CX-Server
project. In Visual Studio .NET that command will default to the Properties window where
you cannot do this. There are two methods to view the properties of the component:
1.
Near the top of the Properties window is the Property Pages icon,
will provide the property pages familiar to Visual C++ developers.
. Selecting this
2.
Right -clicking the components will display a pop-up menu. Of the menu options
available, there is one labelled ActiveX – Properties. Selecting this will provide the
property pages familiar to Visual C++ developers.
Page 54
OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Glossary of Terms
ActiveX
Application
Communications Driver
Event
GUI
I/O type
A component technology developed by Microsoft allowing components
to communicate with applications.
A software program that accomplishes a specific task. Examples of
applications are CX-Supervisor, CX-Programmer, CX-Server,
Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel
The relevant communications management system for OMRON PLCs
in conjunction with Microsoft Windows, providing facilities for other
CX Automation Suite software to maintain PLC device and address
information and to communicate with OMRON PLCs and their
supported network types.
User action, e.g. mouse click or System action, e.g. timer tick which
may cause a script to execute.
Graphical User Interface. Part of a program that interacts with the user
and takes full advantage of the graphics displays of computers. A GUI
employs pull-down menus and dialog boxes for ease of use.
Input / Output type. An attribute of a point that defines the origin and
destination of the data for that point. The data for a point can
originate (be input from) and is destined (is output to) to the internal
computer memory, a PLC or a target application.
Icon
IDE
Microsoft Excel
Pictorial representations of computer resources and functions.
Integrated Development Environment.
A spreadsheet application.
Microsoft Windows
The most common operating system used by Personal Computers.
CX-Server Lite will run only under Microsoft Windows.
A word processing application.
Microsoft Word
OLE
Object Linking and Embedding.
Used to transfer and share
information between Microsoft Windows based applications and
accessories.
PC
Pixel
Abbreviation for Personal Computer.
A single displayable point on the screen from which a displayed image
is constructed. The screen resolution of the computer’s Visual Display
Unit (VDU) is defined by the number of pixels across and the number
of pixels down (e.g. 1024x768).
Abbreviation for Programmable Logic Cont roller.
PLC
Page 55
OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Point
A point is used to hold a value of a predefined type - Boolean, Integer,
Text, etc. The contents of a point may be controlled by an object or
I/O mechanism such as DDE. The contents of a point may control the
action or appearance of an object, or be used for output via an I/O
mechanism.
SVGA mode
A mode of video display that provides 800×600 pixel resolution (or
higher) with 16 or more colours and is supported on Super Video
Graphics Adapter systems.
An integral part of Microsoft Windowsthat allows Microsoft Windows
based applications to be started from icons and for all applications
to be organised.
Windows Desktop
Page 56
OMRON
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Index
A
I
About CX-Server Lite · 10
About this Manual · 6
ActiveX Objects
7 Segment · 11
Display · 11
LED Indicator · 11
Linear Gauge · 12
Rotary Knob · 12
Rotational Gauge · 12
Time · 12
Toggle · 12
Adding a 7 Segment Display · 16
Adding the Communication Control · 14
Adding Third Party ActiveX Controls · 17
Advanced Properties · 21
Available Properties · 23
Improving Performance · 18
Inserting PLC Data in Cells · 17
Installing/Uninstalling CX-Server Lite · 8
Interfaces to Hardware - Peripherals · 8
Interfaces to Hardware – PLC Communications · 7
C
Component Properties · 23
Connecting CX-Server Lite to a PLC · 15
Controlling ActiveX Objects · 22
M
Maximum Active Communications controls · 18
O
Objects Overview · 11
Operation Systems and Environments · 7
Other Features · 19
Advanced Properties · 21
Controlling ActiveX Objects · 22
Event Driven Routines · 19
The Project Tree · 22
P
E
Project Tree · 22
Event Driven Routines · 19
R
G
Running an Application · 16
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite · 6
Glossary of Terms · 55
H
Hardware Requirements · 7
Help Topics · 9
S
Script Interface · 26
Functions · 26
PLC Memory Functions · 42
Script Interface Functions
AboutBox · 49
Active · 40
ClockRead · 38
ClockWrite · 38
ClosePLC · 31
Page 57
OMRON
DownloadProgram · 45
GetData · 34
GetDeviceConfig · 44
Help · 49
InitCXServer · 48
IsBadQuality · 36
IsPointValid · 36
LastErrorString · 49
ListPLCs · 37
ListPoints · 37
NumErrors · 49
OnData · 35
OpenPLC · 31
Protect · 47
RawFINS · 39
ReadArea · 31
RunMode · 35
SetDefaultPLC · 30
SetDeviceAddress · 42
SetDeviceConfig · 43
StopData · 34
TCGetStatus · 40
TCRemoteLocal · 41
TypeName · 36
UploadProgram · 44
Value · 27
Values · 29
WriteArea · 33
System Requirements · 7
Hardware Requirements · 7
Getting Started with CX-Server Lite
Interfaces to Hardware · 7
Operating Systems and Environments · 7
Peripherals · 8
PLC Communications · 7
T
Technical Support · 10
The Help System, and How to access it · 8
Tutorial · 14
Step 1
Viewing PLC Data using Omron Graphical Control
· 14
Step 2
Inserting PLC Data in Cells · 17
Step 3
Adding Third Party ActiveX Controls · 17
V
Viewing PLC Data using Omron Graphical Control
· 14
W
Welcome to CX-Server Lite · 6
Page 58
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