User Manual Invacare Blade+
User Manual
English
Invacare Blade+
©Invacare
Every effort has been made to ensure that the contents of
this publication are updated at the time of printing. As part of
the ongoing improvement of the products, Invacare reserves
the right to modify existing models at any time.
Any use of this publication, or parts thereof, as well as any
reproduction of images, must have the written consent of
Invacare.
2
Invacare Blade+
Contents
1. General
4
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2 SYMBOLS 4
1.3 COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
1.4 WARRANTY
1.5 LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
1.6 CUSTOMER SERVICE
1.7 ACCIDENTS/NEAR ACCIDENT
1.8 INTENDED USE
1.9 SERVICE LIFE
2. Safety
3.1 DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
3.2 COLOURS
3.3 EQUIPMENT
3.4 CONFORMANCE TABLE
3.5 IDENTIFICATION LABEL
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
21
21
22
22
23
6. Using the wheelchair
6.1 MOVE TO/FROM THE WHEELCHAIR
6.2 STRETCHING AND LEANING
6.3 PROPELLING UP A SLOPE
6.4 PROPELLING DOWN A SLOPE
6.5 CLIMBING A KERB
6.6 KERBS – ALTERNATIVE METHOD
6.7 ESCALATORS AND STAIRS
6
2.1 LIFTING THE WHEELCHAIR
2.2 DAILY PERFORMANCE CHECK
2.3 SPECIFIC RISKS
2.4 WHEELCHAIR OVERVIEW
3. Technical data
4
5.9.1 Rear anti-tippers
5.9.2 Tipping levers
5.9.3 Pelvic belt
5.9.4 Recliner backrest
5.9.5 Hub brakes
6
6
6
7
7. Transport
8
8
9
9
10
11
24
24
24
24
25
25
26
26
27
7.1 TRANSPORTING WHEELCHAIRS WITH
USERS IN VEHICLES
27
7.2 RESTRAINT METHODS
29
Swing-away foot rests
29
Outrigged castors
29
8. Maintenance
8.1 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
8.2 CLEANING
30
30
31
4. Set-up and installation12
4.1 DELIVERY CHECK
4.2 ASSEMBLY
4.2.1 Backrest
4.2.2 Armrests
4.2.3 Rear wheels
4.2.3 Swing-away footrests
12
12
12
12
12
13
9. After use
32
5. Components and their
adjustments
14
5.1 BACKREST
14
5.1.1 Backrest extension (option)
14
5.2 SEAT
15
5.2.1 Seat cushion
15
5.3 ARMRESTS
16
5.4 FOOTRESTS
17
5.4.1 Swing-away footrest supports
17
5.4.2 Footrest supports for outrigged chassis 17
5.5 REAR WHEELS
18
5.5.1 Tyre pressure
18
5.6 AXLES
19
5.7 BRAKES
19
5.7.1 User brake
19
5.8 CASTORS
20
5.9 ACCESSORIES
21
Invacare Blade+
3
1. General
1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.4 WARRANTY
Thank you for choosing a Blade + manual wheelchairwe are certain that you will be delighted with it. Just
to make doubly sure you really gain the full benefits
from your remarkable new INVACARE wheelchair
and to ensure many years of trouble free performance,
this manual gives you essential information concerning
Safety, Handling and Operation, together with some
helpful tips. Please read it carefully before trying out
your new Blade +, so that you may truly enjoy your
new independence.
Contractual guarantee
This is to certify that your Blade + wheelchair is
warranted by Invacare, for a period of 5 years for
the frame and crossbars and 24 months for all other
parts. This warranty is subject to the following
conditions:
We recommend to have your wheelchair inspected
and serviced by an authorised INVACARE dealer at
least once a year. It is in your best interests, not only
to ensure your personal safety, but also the continued high performance and long service life of your
wheelchair.
Whenever you need special advice and assistance, or
if there is any problem with your wheelchair, do not
hesitate to contact the local INVACARE dealer. He
is just a phone call away and has all the equipment
and knowhow required to provide you with expert
professional service.
1.2 SYMBOLS
This symbol means warning and is used in
the user manual for important information to
prevent injuries and material damage
1.3 COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
The information set out in this manual may be modified
without prior notice. This manual contains copyright
information. All rights are reserved. No part of this
document may be photocopied or reproduced without prior written agreement from INVACARE or its
appointed representative.
4
1. Only Invacare wheelchairs purchased at full price
are warranted against defective workmanship
and materials.
2. If a defect or fault is discovered the supplier from
whom the appliance was purchased/obtained
should be notified immediately.
3. The manufacturer will not accept responsibility
for damage caused by misuse or the nonobservance of the intructions set out in the User
Manual.
4. During the period of the warranty, any parts
that have become defective due to faulty
workmanship or materials, will be renewed
or repaired free of charge by the Invacare
supplier.
5. The warranty will be forfeited should any
unauthorised alteration be made to the
equipment.
6. The purchaser’s statutory rights under the
Consumer Protection Act are not affected.
1.5 LIMITATION OF LIABILITY
This warranty does not extend to the consequential
costs resulting from fault clearance, in particular freight
and travel costs, loss of earnings, expenses, etc.
Invacare shall not be liable for:
- natural wear and tear
- inappropriate or incorrect use
- defective assembly or setting-up by the purchaser
or third parties
- defective or negelectful treatment
- use of unsuitable spares
1.6 CUSTOMER SERVICE
For contact details please refer to the last page of
this publication where you will find addresses to the
European sales companies.
Invacare Blade+
1.7 ACCIDENTS/NEAR ACCIDENTS
Please inform your Invacare office immediately of any
accidents or near-accidents that have been caused by
this wheelchair and that have led to, or could have
led to, personal injury. The relevant authority must
also be contacted and reported to.
1.8 INTENDED USE
INVACARE BLADE +
Indoor and outdoor configurable wheelchair offered
with various options compliant with EN 12184:1999
Section 5 Class B.
1.9 SERVICE LIFE
INVACARE BLADE +
We assume that our wheelchairs will be in use daily.
For this reason the whole equipment is subject to an
almost continuous stress and consequently, natural
wear and tear. Taking this into consideration and
provided that the wheelchair is maintained properly,
the lifetime of the Invacare Blade+ is approximately
5 years. If the wheelchair is used less frequently, e.g.
if you use it inside your apartment only, and if it is
maintained perfectly, the service life may increase
accordingly.
The Blade Plus manual wheelchair has been designed
to provide mobility and comfort for persons with
impaired mobility.
The wheelchair has been designed to be used
either/or by a seated user/carer/attendant on both
indoor and outdoor environments.
The wheelchair has, in its standard format, been designed to accomodate users who weigh up to a maximum
of 90 kg, have all limbs intact and have sufficient upper
body strenght to maintain a safe position within the
wheelchair without the addition of supporting aids.
Adaptions from standard wheelchair format are
available to accomodate users who do not meet the
above criteria, but these will only be considered after
a suitable assessment of the risk has been carried
out by a qualified person. For example: A user with
either a full or a partial amputation or other condition
which affects the centre of gravity will need to have a
stability evaluation to minimize the risk of inadvertant
tipping.
The wheelchair should only be used in accordance
with the safety advice given within this user guide.
Failure to follow the recommended advice could lead
to personal injury.
No claims are made that the product will medically
inprove the circumstances or condition of the user.
Invacare Blade+
5
2. Safety
2.1 LIFTING THE WHEELCHAIR
2.3 SPECIFIC RISKS
Below you will find a number of
points affecting your personal
safety. Read them carefully!
Invacare is only responsible for product changes carried out by trained personnel We reserve the right
to make any changes to equipment and specifications
without prior notice.
Failure to comply with instructions given may result
in personal injury and/or product damage.
•
•
•
•
•
Always lift the wheelchair by grabbing the frame at
the points shown in the picture.
Never lift the wheelchair by the removable armrests
or the footrests. Ensure that the backrest and push
handles are securely in place. Also read the chapter
Safety instructions/Propelling techniques.
•
•
•
•
2.2 DAILY PERFORMANCE CHECK
Check that the following parts are correctly fitted
on the wheelchair:
• Wheels
• Backrest
• Anti-tip device
• Push handles
• Footrests
• Brakes
• Armrests
• Lap belt
• Seat/back upholstery
6
•
•
•
Check each of the following before using the
wheelchair:
– that all parts are attached securely to the
frame
– that all wheels, knobs, screws and nuts are
properly tightened
– that all brakes and anti-tip devices function
correctly
Never lift the wheelchair by the detachable armrests, footrests, backbrace or by the adjustable
push handles.
Always apply the brake before getting into or out
of the chair.
Never stand on the footplates when getting into or
out of the chair, because of the risk of tipping.
Changing the seat angle gives an increased risk of
tipping over.
The handrims may become hot due to friction,
which may cause injury to your hands.
Use the anti-tip device
Remember that the effectiveness of the careroperated brake is reduced in wet and slippery
conditions, as well as when on a slope.
Be careful to ensure that the rearwheels are
securely attached.
Surfaces of the wheelchair like frame parts or
upholstery can, after long exposure to the sun,
reach temperatures over 41°C which may cause
discomfort or burns.
When mounting accessories etc. be careful not to
trap your fingers.
There is always an increased risk of trapping parts
of your body when tilting the wheelchair’s back
and seat.
Invacare Blade+
2.4 WHEELCHAIR OVERVIEW
Transit version:
1. Transit wheel
2. Castor
3. Footrest
4. Outrigged frame
5. Seat
6. Armrest
7. Backrest
8. Push handles
9. Backrest folding mechanism
7
8
6
5
9
1
4
3
2
10
Self propel version:
1. Rear wheel
2. Handrim
3. Spoke guard
4. Castor
5. Swing-away fottrests
6. Brake
7. Seat
8. Armrest
9. Backrest
10. Push handles
11. Backrest folding mechanism
9
7
8
11
1
6
2
5
3
4
Invacare Blade+
7
3. Technical data
3.1 DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHT
Seat width
Legrest length
Weight
Total width
Maximum user
weight
Seat width inches
Seat width cm
Seat depth inches
Seat depth cm
Seat to Ground height inches
Seat to Ground height cm
Backrest height inches
Backrest height cm
Armrest height Adjustable inches
Armrest height Adjustable cm
Legrest length
Total width Swingaway inches
Total width Swingaway cm
Total width Outrigged inches
Total width Outrigged cm
Total height
Total length
Weight
Max user. weight
8
Seat height
Seat depth
10"
25.5cm
9"
23cm
18"
45.7cm
16½"
42cm
3½"
9cm
15 - 28cm
17"
43cm
18½"
47cm
62 - 94cm
89 - 94cm
13.5 - 15kg
90kg
Armrest height
Backrest height
Total length
Total height
Folded width
Maximum
incline
11"
28cm
10"
25.5cm
12"
30.5cm
11"
28cm
13"
33cm
12"
30.5cm
14"
33.5cm
13"
33cm
15"
38cm
14"
35.5cm
4½
11.5cm
5½
14cm
6½
16.5cm
7½
19cm
8½
21.5cm
18"
46cm
19½"
49.5cm
19"
48cm
20½"
52cm
20"
51cm
21½"
54cm
21"
53cm
22½"
57cm
22"
56cm
23½"
60cm
15"
38cm
Invacare Blade+
3.2 UPHOLSTERY AND FRAME COLOURS
Upholstery type and Backrest cover
Black Canvas
Frame colours
Black, metallic red, metallic blue, metallic purple
3.3 EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES
Invacare offers the Blade Plus wheelchair in various defined optional types. Please refer to the Invacare Ltd
prescription forms or contact the Invacare cumstomer service for further information.
Backrest
Folding
Fixed
Vertical back with adjustable push handles
0-30° reclining back
Seat cushions
Standard 5 cm
Flotech lite
Legrests
Swing-away
Outrigged
Height, backward, forward and rotational adjustment footplates
Multi-adjustable Rea Adapt style footplate
Armrests
Detachable with adjustable height
Castors
12,5*2,5 cm solid
12,5*4,5 solid
Rear wheels
12,5, 20, 22’’ solid or pneumatic
Brake
Push to lock brakes
Extended push to lock brakes
Attendant drumbrake
Others
Spoke guard
Anti-tip device
Table Tray fixation
Pelvic belt
Sideguard
Tipping lever
Capstan handrim
Invacare Blade+
9
3.4 CONFORMANCE TABLE WIDTH/DEPTH
WIDTH
HEIGHT
10
10''/25,5 cm 11''/28 cm
12''/30,5 cm
13''/33 cm 14''/35,5 cm 15''/38 cm
9''/23 cm
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
10''/25,5 cm
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
11''/28 cm
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
12''/30,5 cm
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
13''/33 cm
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
14''/35,5 cm
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
15''/38 cm
N
N
Y
Y
Y
Y
Invacare Blade+
3.5 IDENTIFICATION LABEL
Maximum incline
Manufacturing date
Model
INVACARE International SARL
Serial No.
Max. user weight
Unladen weight
Total weight
Location of the identification/serial
label on the wheelchair
Invacare Blade+
11
4. Set-up and installation
4.2.2 Armrests
4.1 DELIVERY CHECK
Any transport damage must be reported immediately
to the transport company. Remember to keep the
packaging until the transport company has checked
the goods and a settlement has been reached.
4.2 ASSEMBLY
When you receive your wheelchair, you must fit the
backrest, armrests and legrests onto the chair. The
assembly is simple and does not require any tools.
4.2.1 Backrest
The armrests can be removed for easier storage and
allow sideways transfer from the chair. They can also
be adjusted in height to suit the individuals preference,
see page 16.
4.2.3 Rear wheels
A
B
When delivered, you might need to put the backrest in
place. Raise the top part of the backrest to an upright
position and make sure that the locking mechanisms
(A) are secure.
Now check that the backrest is secured firmly
in position!
A
Attach the rear wheels by pressing button (A) in the
centre of the hub whilst simultaneously sliding the
axle into the rear wheel position attachment of the
positioning plate.
It is very important that you check that the
locking pin (B) has actually locked the wheel
into position when the centre button has been
released. Take hold of the wheels and try to
detach them. This should NOT be possible.
12
Invacare Blade+
4.2.3 Swing-away footrests
B
A
Place the footrests on the holders (A) on the outside
of the frame. Turn inwards and activate the spring
mechanism (B).
Invacare Blade+
13
5. Components and their adjustments
5.1 BACKREST
5.1.1 Backrest extension (option)
A
B
The backrest can be folded at the middle by means of
a locking mechanism and can be operated by either
the user or an attendant.
- Use: To fold the backrest, pull both black plastic
locking levers (A) downwards and fold the top part
of the backrest to the back and then down. Carry
out these operations in the reverse order to return
the backrest to its normal position, making sure that
the locking mechanisms (A) are secure.
14
The backrest extension has two uprights (B) and a
backrest extension upholstery. The locating pegs
should only be fitted to the push handles of the
backrest by a qualified technician.
When refitting, make sure that it is firmly fixed onto
the locations fitted to the backrest tubes. Raise the
head rest assembly to remove it from the tubes of
the recliner backrest.
Invacare Blade+
5.2 SEAT
5.2.1 Seat cushion
A
B
Your seat upholstery is screwed onto the seat tubes
of the folding cross brace.
Seat cushion
The seat cushion is placed on the upholstery and
must be removed when folding the chair.
Adjustment: This model requires no adjustment.
Just check regularly that the screws (A) are tight.
If the washers (B) are loose, these screws should
be tightened. If the problem continues, contact
your INVACARE retailer and ask him to change the
mounting for safety reasons.
Invacare Blade+
15
5.3 ARMRESTS
A
B
C
The armrests can be removed for easier storage
and allow sideways transfer from the chair. They
can also be adjusted in height to suit the individuals
preference.
To adjust the height, the armrest lever (A) is lifted
up which allows the armrest to slide up and down,
within the armrest block (B). The armrest has an
adjustment collar (C) that works both as a stop for
the armrest and as a memory for the height used. It
can be adjusted by loosening the screw. When the
desired height has been achieved, lower the armrest
lever and push down/pull up the armrest until the
armrest drops into place.
To make sure that this has happened try to pull up/
push down the armrest, if it is located the armrest
should be “locked in”, and the lever should be in its
down position.
16
Invacare Blade+
5.4 FOOTRESTS
5.4.2 Footrest supports for outrigged chassis
5.4.1 Swing-away footrest supports
A
A
The footrest supports can be swung away to the
outside/rear of the chair to free the front of the
wheelchair making it easier for the user to transfer
to another seat. They can also be removed.
Use: To swing the support to the outside, press the
release mechanism lever. Rotate the support carefully
to the outside of the wheelchair.
To return the support, repeat the operations in the
reverse order. Check that the release mechanism has
automatically locked.
Independent footplates for footrest supports
The footplate assemblies comprise of an adjustment
tube and footplate and are intended solely as a foot
support when you are sitting in the wheelchair and
should not be used for standing. Each footplate assembly can be adjusted in height. The footplates can be
pivoted to an upright position to aid front transfers.
Adjusting the footrests on the supports: Release the
nut, position the footplate assembly at the required
height in the footrest support tube, tighten the nut
to secure.
To remove the support, swing the assembly away
from the chair, release the spring mechanism and lift
the support away from the chair.
Adjustment: Loosen the screws (A), adjust to the
required height and re-tighten screws.
NB: The footrest supports are fitted in pairs to the
wheelchair. When adjusting or removing, remember
that there is one support for the right hand side and
another for the left hand side.
Invacare Blade+
17
5.5 REAR WHEELS
The rear wheels are positioned on rear wheel mounting blocks which determine the rearward stability. This
position should only be adjusted by a qualified technician on the advise of a qualified advisor.
The rear wheels have a diameter of either 12,5’’, 20’’, or 22’’. They are equipped with spokes and handrims (not
12,5’’). They can have pneumatic tyres or solid tyres and can be connected to the side frame by means of a fixed
axle or a quick release axle.
The risk of tipping increases when the rear
wheels moved forward. Compensate by mounting an anti-tip device on the wheelchair.
Do not remove the handrims! They provide stability to the wheel and the entire wheelchair.
5.5.1 Tyre pressure
The pressure is shown on the tyre and must never be
exceeded. Remember that the tyre pressure on both
wheels should be the same to ensure perfect steering.
In case of a puncture, the tyre has to be removed from
the rim. Press the valve to let all the remaining air out
of the inner tube. Pull the tyre off the rim. Repair or
replace the inner tube. Put the tyre back on the rim.
Inflate the tyre to the required pressure.
- NB: It may be necessary to use one or two tyre
removal tools (not supplied).
18
Invacare Blade+
5.6 AXLES
5.7 BRAKES
5.7.1 User brake
The axles link the back wheels to the chassis. They
are fixed or quick releasing.
Quick release wheels
Removal: Push on the quick release button head with
your finger and pull the wheel towards the outside of
the chair. For illustration see page 12.
Assembly: Push on the quick release button head
with your finger and locate axle though the axle
bush, making sure that the axles are secured (no axial
movement).
Fixed wheels
No adjusment is required, however, check on a weekly
basis that the axle / nut are secure.
The manual brakes are used to immobilise the wheelchair in a stationary position. They are not intended for
slowing down and should not be used when the wheelchair is moving. They should be applied together.
Use: The brakes are operated by moving the brake
handle (A) towards the front of the wheelchair. When
the brakes are applied, the wheelchair should resist
movement.
Adjustment: It may be necessary to adjust the brakes
after repairing a puncture or because of wear on the
pneumatic or solid tyre. Slacken clamp screws and
adjust the brake assembly to achieve adequate braking.
Tighten the clamp screws firmly after adjustment.
NB: The brakes are fitted in pairs to the wheelchair.
When adjusting or removing, remember that there
is one brake for the right hand side and another for
the left hand side.
Brake extension
The brakes may be equipped with a handle extension
to assist attendants/user who have insufficient strength
or difficulty in reaching the standard brake handles.
Invacare Blade+
19
5.8 CASTORS
The front wheels have a diameter of 125mm. For the
different types of castors available, please refer to
the prescription form. No adjustment is necessary
for the castors.
Forks
The fork connects the chassis and the wheel.
Adjustment: The forks do not require adjustment.
Check that the fork rotates freely.
20
Invacare Blade+
5.9 ACCESSORIES
5.9.2 Tipping levers
5.9.1 Rear anti-tippers
B
B
A
A
B
A
The anti-tippers help prevent you from tipping over.
Invacare recommend the use of anti-tippers at all
times.
Use:
The anti-tippers fit into the rear tubes of the side
frames (A). Fit the anti-tippers into the side frame
rear tube, until the button springs are positioned
in the holes of the rear tube (B). Carry out these
operations in the reverse order to remove. You can
leave the anti-tip castors on the wheelchair even if
you do not wish to use them. Just depress the button
spring and rotate the entire anti-tipper unit a half turn
(180°). DO NOT twist or turn the Anti-Tipper when
withdrawing it from the frame.
Invacare Blade+
The tipping lever can only be used by an attendant
and it is designed to assist tipping the chair rearwards
when obstacles are encountered, such as pathway
or kerbs.
The tipping lever tubes are fixed into the rear tubes
of both side frames (A).
Fit the tipping lever into the side frame rear tube, until
the button springs (B) are positioned in the holes of
the rear tube.
- Use: The attendant, whilst pulling the wheelchair
push handles must press on the tipping levers with
either foot, in order to raise the front of the wheelchair to the required height.
21
5.9.3 Pelvic belt
5.9.4 Recliner backrest
a
b
c
1. The pelvic belt is used to prevent the risk of falling
or sliding out of the chair and for providing the
user with a good posture.
2. The pelvic belt is mounted on the backrest brackets. Thread the belt through the mounting on the
chair and then through the two plastic buckles. It
is important that both buckles are used. There is
a danger the belt might slip if the belt is threaded
through only one.
Gas Spring Type
CAUTION: It is recommended that this operation
be performed only by the attendant. Always make
sure that the backrest is locked in place to ensure
perfect safety for the user. Keep fingers away from
moving parts (levers, cylinders, mechanisms, etc.) to
prevent injuries!
1. Grip the push handles with both handles
2. Pull the triggers and raise or lower the back to the
desired position, supporting the backrest by means
of the push handles at all times during adjustment.
Release triggers
3. Adjustment
Ensure that the user is sitting fully back in the seat
and that the pelvis is as upright and symmetrical
as possible - not forward on one side or tilted
back. Position the lap belt so that the hip bones
can be felt above the belt. Adjust the length using
the buckles so that there is just sufficient room
for your hand to slide between your body and the
belt. It is recommended that the clasp is kept in
a central position, i.e. make adjustments to each
side. These adjustments should be checked and
possibly changed each time the belt is used.
4. If the belt has come loose at the metallic clasp it
should be threaded according to the pictures a-c.
Please make sure that the belt cannot slide.
22
Invacare Blade+
5.9.5 Hub brakes
Torque
3-4 Nm
Loctite 243
Torque
6 Nm
Torque
40-45 Nm
Besides the functions provided by manual brakes, the
optional hub brakes provide slow down (for example,
on a slope) and improve safety because they are still
efficient when you have a flat tyre!
To slow down gradually pull the lever upwards. To
lock the brake in parking position, with the lever tightened, push the lock to engage it in the notches of the
brake handle;then pull the lock up to unlock. To adjust
braking:turn the screw counterclockwise to increase
braking force and turn clockwise to reduce it.
Always mount the hub brake attachment in
the rear backwards position.
The specific adjustments of hub brakes must
always be performed by your Dealer.
Always operate the two brakes simultaneously
and do not take slopes exceeding 5% to ensure
perfect control of the wheelchair steering!
Invacare Blade+
23
6. Using the wheelchair
We recommend that you have the chair tested by the qualified person who has prescribed the wheelchair, after
he or she has made the adjustments that you request, taking your build and needs into account. We hope that
you have also received help in learning how best to use the wheelchair. Start by practising carefully until you are
familiar with the wheelchair’s possibilities and limitations.
6.1 MOVE TO/FROM THE WHEELCHAIR
Propel the wheelchair as near as possible to the seat
that you want to move to. Apply the brake. Remove
the armrests and detach the legrests or swing them
outwards. Do not support yourself on the footplates
as this may cause the chair to tip forwards.
6.2 STRETCHING AND LEANING
6.3 PROPELLING UP A SLOPE
Many experienced users can propel themselves up
a slope. In order not to lose control of the steering
and to avoid tipping backwards, you should always
lean forwards whilst propelling up a slope. Propel
the wheelchair forwards using short, quick strokes
applied to the hand rims, in order to maintain speed
and steering control.
Generally, help is needed on steep slopes.
If you have to stop on a slope, it is particularly
important to ensure that you do not make any sudden
or unexpected backward movements when you start
moving the wheelchair forwards again. As the wheelchair is already leaning backwards, such a movement
may cause the wheelchair to tip backwards. The
maximum gradient of slopes that can be attempted is
varied between 3° and 13,5° depending on the user
weight, physical ability and the adjustments of the
wheelchairs. Always use anti-tippers.
Propel the wheelchair as near as possible. When
stretching and bending, do always have full contact
between the backrest and the back otherwise the
wheelchair may tip over. Stretching behind the back
is not recommended.
24
Invacare Blade+
6.4 PROPELLING DOWN A SLOPE
6.5 CLIMBING A KERB
We recommend that you obtain the help of one or
more assistants when going down steep and wet
slopes.
This method is for when the assistant is always behind
the wheelchair and it creates the greatest safety for
the user.
The following advice is for the assistant:
Illustration 1) Adjust the anti-tip devices upwards.
Ensure that the user’s feet rest securely on the footrests and cannot slide off. Then tilt the wheelchair
backwards and push it forwards against the kerb.
First check the slope to see if there are any particular hazards, potholes, slippery sections, etc. Never
use the user-operated brake to slow down. When you
apply the brake on a downward slope, the wheels lock
and the wheelchair can suddenly pull to one side, tip
sideways or stop immediately, which may cause you
to be thrown out of the chair. Always control the
speed with the hand rims. Remember that the hand
rims may become hot due to friction, and this may
cause injury to your hands. Try to propel down the
slope in a straight line as much as possible.
Illustration 2) Lower the frontal part of the wheelchair onto the pavement and place yourself as close
to the chair as possible, before you lift up the whole
wheelchair.
Illustration 3) Lean forward and lift/roll the wheelchair
over the pavement edge.
Illustration 4) Lower the wheelchair onto the pavement so that the weight is divided on all four wheels.
Ensure that the wheelchair does not roll backwards.
To dismount kerb, follow the procedure above, but
in reverse order (step 4, 3, 2 and then 1) to move
off a kerb.
Invacare Blade+
25
6.6 KERBS – ALTERNATIVE METHOD
6.7 ESCALATORS AND STAIRS
This method is generally used by experienced assistants who are stronger than average. It can also be used
when the kerb or step is low and only constitutes a
minimal obstacle.
Do not use escalators when you are in the wheelchair.
Find out whether there is a lift nearby.
The assistant steps backwards onto the pavement and
pulls the wheelchair up onto the pavement. It is important for the assistant to use his or her body correctly
to prevent injury. Tip the wheelchair backwards and
roll the chair over the kerb onto the pavement. Take
particular care if the kerb is wet or slippery.
26
We recommend that you receive help from two
assistants to get up and down stairs. One assistant
walks in front of the chair holding the frame of the
wheelchair, whilst the other assistant walks behind the
chair, holding the push handles. Check that the push
handles/push bar are securely fixed in place before
you start. Fold the anti-tip devices upwards. Balance
the wheelchair on the rear wheels until the balance
point is found. The wheelchair is then rolled down
the stairs, step by step, by letting the rear wheels roll
over the edge of each step. Assistants must not lift
by gripping the removable armrests or legrests. They
must remember to lift the chair at the correct points,
to use their legs and to keep their backs as straight
as possible.
Invacare Blade+
7. Transport
Invacare has continuously worked to improve the safety in all our products for the users in different everyday
situations. This has, among other things, meant that Invacare since the mid 1990’s has let accredited research
institutes crash test several of the manual wheelchair models. We would like to inform you about the transport
of wheelchairs with seated users in vehicles that are especially adapted for this purpose. First and foremost, we
would like to point out that it is always the safest option for the user to be transported in the vehicle’s regular
seat fastened with the regular safety belt. Invacare cannot recommend transport seated in the wheelchair. But,
we are aware that there are users and situations that require vehicle transport seated in the wheelchair. In these
cases, the safety rules in the following pages must be followed in order to reduce the risk of injury in the case
of an accident.
The wheelchair has been tested according to the specifications in ISO 7176-19 “Wheeled mobility devices for use
as seats in motor vehicles”.This means that it has been through and met the requirements in a standard test of one
possible situation – full frontal collision in 48 km/h with a deceleration of 20 g and a 75 kg test dummy. The test
standard ISO 7176-19 is developed by authorities and specialists and it states a minimum demand on wheelchairs
regarding transport in vehicles. This standard is updated regularly as knowledge and experience increases.
In reality, an incident will be different from the circumstances in a test laboratory environment. For example will
speed, impact angle, configuration of the chair, user weight and deceleration probably vary. Invacare declines any
responsibility for the outcome of a possible accident where our products are involved. We have chosen to test
what we believe to be a frequently occurring configuration with common adjustments made. Configurations and
accessories that are unsuitable for seated transport in a vehicle are mentioned later on in this chapter.
7.1 TRANSPORTING WHEELCHAIRS
WITH USERS IN VEHICLES
1.The wheelchair and user should be transported
forward-facing in the direction of travel. All auxiliary equipment such as tables, trunk support,
abduction cushion etc should be removed and
stored safely so that they do not injure anyone
during any kind of accident.
2. The wheelchair should be secured in the vehicle
with a 4-point restraint system. The user should
wear a 3-point safety belt secured in the vehicle.
Both the 4-point restraint system and the 3-point
safety belt should be approved according to ISO10542-2.
Note: Non-contractual picure, for information only
3.The tie-down points on the wheelchair where
the restraint system straps should be placed are
marked with this symbol.
Invacare Blade+
27
4. In order to be used as a seat during transport in
a vehicle, the wheelchair must be equipped with
a pelvic belt.
7. The backrest must be adjusted to an upright position.
Incorrect
placement
of safety
belt
5. The vehicle's safety belt should fit as tightly across
the user's body as possible without discomfort.
The upper part of the safety belt should fit over
the user's shoulder as illustrated. No part of the
safety belt must be twisted.
8. The 3-point safety belt must not be held away
from the user's body by parts of the wheelchair
such as armrests or wheels etc.
A
6. The pelvic part of the 3-point safety belt must be
worn low across the pelvis so that the angle of
the pelvic belt is within the preferred zone (A) of
30° to 75° to the horizontal. A steeper angle is
preferred, but never exceeding 75°.
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Invacare Blade+
7.2 RESTRAINT METHODS
Frontal restraints with straps
1. Connect the frontal straps around the castor
attachment. See pictures for exact placement.
2. Release brakes and tension front straps by pulling
the wheelchair backwards. Re-apply wheelchair
brakes.
Rear restraints
1. Attach the snap hooks on the rear straps to the
vertical rear tube by the rear wheel attachment.
2. Tighten the straps.
For transit versions of the wheelchair the attachment
points are the same.
Swing-away foot rests
Outrigged castors
Invacare Blade+
29
8. Maintenance
1. General
The wheelchair unfolds and folds easily
The wheelchair moves in a straight line (no resistance or drag)
2. Manual brakes/Attendant Hub Brakes
The brakes do not touch the tyres when moving
The brakes are easy to operate
The articulations are not worn and do not show signs of play
3. Cross bars
Examine them to check that they are not worn or bent
4. Clothing protectors / armrest upholstery
Check that all fixings are in position and tightened
5. Armrests
Firmly attached but easy to remove
6. Arm pads
Check that the padding is in good condition
7. Seat and backrest upholstery
Check that it is in good condition
8. Rear wheels
Wheel nut and sealed bearings correctly tightened
No excessive lateral movement or binding when they are lifted from the ground
and turned, quick release axles correctly locked
9. Anti Tippers/Levers
Check they are secure and in good condition
10. Handrims
Check for rough patches
11. Spokes
Inspect the spokes in case any are bent, broken or slack
12. Castors
Check the axle to ensure that it is correctly tightened, by turning the castor
the castor should stop gradually
13. Fork / Fork tube
Check that all the fittings are in place
14. Pneumatic and solid tyres
If the wheelchair has pneumatic tyres, check that they are correctly inflated
(the pressure is shown on the sidewall)
If the wheelchair has solid tyres, check the running surface
15. Any Additional Accessories
Check they are secure and in good condition
30
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
6 monthly inspection
Monthly
inspection/adjustment
On delivery
Weekly
inspection/adjustment
8.1 MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Invacare Blade+
8.2 CLEANING
Wipe metal parts and the upholstery regularly with a
damp cloth. A mild detergent may be used. If necessary, the upholstery can be washed at 40ºC. Normal
washing powder/liquid may be used.
For disinfection only use alcohol based detergent.
Washing and Disinfection
1. Remove all loose and removable covers and
wash these in a washing machine following
the washing instructions for each article.
2. Spray the wheelchair with detergent, for example a car-cleaning agent with wax, and leave
on to work.
3. Rinse the wheelchair with a high-pressure cleaning or ordinary jet of water depending on
how dirty the chair is. Do not aim the jet towards
bearings and draining holes. If the wheel
chair is washed in a machine the water must not be
hotter than 60 degrees.
4. Spray the chair with alcohol for disinfection.
5. Leave the chair to dry in a drying cabinet.
Remove parts where water has collected for
example in end tubes, ferrules etc. If the chair has
been washed in a machine, blow-drying
with compressed air is recommended.
Invacare Blade+
31
9. After use
Recycling
The wheelchair can be divided into the following main
components:
• Chassis
• Plastic parts
• Upholstery
• Wheels, tyres and tube
• Packing
Chassis
The chassis is produced in steel and is fully recyclable.
Recycling of steel requires only 20-25% of the energy
compared to new produced steel.
Plastic parts
The plastic parts in the chairs are produced of “Thermoplastic” and are marked with recycling symbols
(where it is possible due to part size). The main plastic
material is polyamide. This material can be recycled
or burned in approved facilities.
Upholstery
Upholstery is produced of polyester fibres (PUR). The
efficient way to recycle the parts is to burn them in
approved facilities.
Wheels, tyres and tubes
• The handrim, rim, spokes and hub are made of
steel, stainless steel or aluminium and can be
recycled according to above.
• Tyres and tubes are made of rubber and can be
recycled according to above.
Packing
All Invacare packing material is developed to fit the
products in an optimal way to reduce unnecessary
material waste. All boxes are recyclable.
Contact your local recycling agent to otain the correct
information on how to handle the above mentioned
materials.
32
Invacare Blade+
Sales Units:
Danmark:
Invacare A/S, Sdr. Ringvej 37, DK-2605 Brøndby
Tel: (45) (0)36 90 00 00, Fax: (45) (0)36 90 00 01
denmark@invacare.com
Deutschland:
Invacare Aquatec GmbH, Alemannenstraße 10,
D-88316 Isny
Tel: (49) (0)75 62 7 00 0, Fax: (49) (0)75 62 7 00 66
info@invacare-aquatec.com
Ulrich Alber GmbH, Vor dem Weissen Stein 21,
D-72461 Albstadt-Tailfingen
Tel: (49) (0)7432 2006 0, Fax: (49) (0)7432 2006 299
info@ulrich-alber.de
European Distributor Organisation:
Invacare, Kleiststraße 49, D-32457 Porta Westfalica
Tel: (49) (0)57 31 754 540, Fax: (49) (0)57 31 754 541
edo@invacare.com
España:
Invacare SA, c/Areny s/n, Polígon Industrial de Celrà,
E-17460 Celrà (Girona)
Tel: (34) (0)972 49 32 00, Fax: (34) (0)972 49 32 20
contactsp@invacare.com
France:
Invacare Poirier SAS, Route de St Roch, F-37230
Fondettes
Tel: (33) (0)2 47 62 64 66, Fax: (33) (0)2 47 42 12 24
contactfr@invacare.com
Ireland:
Invacare Ireland Ltd, Unit 5 Seatown Business
Campus, Seatown Road, Swords, County Dublin Ireland
Tel: (353) 1 810 7084, Fax: (353) 1 810 7085
ireland@invacare.com
Italia:
Invacare Mecc San s.r.l., Via dei Pini 62, I-36016
Thiene (VI)
Tel: (39) 0445 38 00 59, Fax: (39) 0445 38 00 34
italia@invacare.com
Invacare Blade+
Nederland:
Invacare BV, Celsiusstraat 46, NL-6716 BZ Ede
Tel: (31) (0)318 695 757, Fax: (31) (0)318 695 758
nederland@invacare.com
csede@invacare.com
Norge:
Invacare AS, Grensesvingen 9, Postboks 6230,
Etterstad, N-0603 Oslo
Tel: (47) (0)22 57 95 00, Fax: (47) (0)22 57 95 01
norway@invacare.com
island@invacare.com
Österreich:
Mobitec Mobilitätshilfen GmbH, Herzog Odilostrasse 101, A-5310 Mondsee
Tel: (43) 6232 5535 0, Fax: (43) 6232 5535 4
office@mobitec-austria.com, austria@invacare.
com
Portugal:
Invacare Lda, Rua Estrada Velha, 949, P-4465-784
Leça do Balio
Tel: (351) (0)225 1059 46/47, Fax: (351) (0)225
1057 39
portugal@invacare.com
Sverige & Suomi:
Invacare AB, Fagerstagatan 9, S-163 91 Spånga
Tel: (46) (0)8 761 70 90, Fax: (46) (0)8 761 81 08
sweden@invacare.com
finland@invacare.com
Switzerland:
Mobitec Rehab AG, Benkenstrasse 260, CH-4108
Witterswil
Tel: (41) (0)61 487 70 80, Fax: (41) (0)61 487 70 81
office@mobitec-rehab.ch
switzerland@invacare.com
Art.no. 1420355-3 2010-01-25
Belgium & Luxemburg:
Invacare nv, Autobaan 22, B-8210 Loppem
Tel: (32) (0)50 83 10 10, Fax: (32) (0)50 83 10 11
belgium@invacare.com
United Kingdom:
Invacare Limited, Pencoed Technology Park, Pencoed, Bridgend CF35 5HZ
Switchboard Tel: (44) (0)1656 776200, Fax: (44)
(0)1656 776201
Customer services Tel: (44) (0)1656 776222, Fax:
(44) (0)1656 776220
UK@invacare.com
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