BOBCAT Hardware User's Manual

BOBCAT Hardware User's Manual

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

(CameraLink PoCL, GEV, CoaXPress, and HD-SDI Models)

INTELLIGENT, HIGH-RESOLUTION, FIELD

UPGRADEABLE, PROGRAMMABLE, 8/10/12/14 BIT

DIGITAL CAMERAS

CONFIDENTIAL NOTICE:

These products are not intended for use in life support appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Imperx customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Imperx for any damages resulting from such improper use or sale.

Copyright © 2011, Imperx Inc. All rights reserved. All information provided in this manual is believed to be accurate and reliable. Imperx assumes no responsibility for its use. Imperx reserves the right to make changes to this information without notice. Redistribution of this manual in whole or in part, by any means, is prohibited without obtaining prior permission from Imperx.

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 1 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Revision History

Rev 0.2 03/23/09 P. Dinev

Rev 0.3

Rev 0.4

Rev 0.5

Rev 0.6

Rev 0.7

07/31/09 P. Dinev

08/25/09 P. Dinev

08/27/09 P. Dinev

01/15/10 P. Dinev

03/02/10 P. Dinev

Initial Pre-Release – Old UART protocol

Old UART removed, added new UART protocol and new register addresses.

Image Enhancement section, AOI8 modes added.

Figure 2.27a and related text changed.

B0620, B2520 cameras added, all related tables and figures updated. Minor errors fixed.

B1620, B1920 cameras added, all related tables and figures updated. Minor errors fixed.

Rev 0.8

Rev 0.9

03/12/10 P. Dinev

04/12/10 P. Dinev

Rev 1.0 04/25/10 P. Dinev

Rev 1.1 10/10/10 P. Dinev

B2020, B4020 and B4820 cameras added, all related tables and figures updated. Minor errors fixed.

GEV option added to all cameras, all related tables and figures updated. Minor errors fixed.

Official Release

Minor errors fixed.

Rev 1.2 12/30/10 P. Dinev Minor errors fixed. 3x8 RGB out and WB feature added

Rev 2.0 01/10/12 B. Gisonni Minor errors fixed. Added cameras in Bobcat series –

B1310, B1411, B1020, B1320, B1621, B1921, B2320,

B3320, B4821 and B6620. Major feature TRUESENSE.

Rev 2.0.1 04/02/12 B.Gisonni Minor errors fixed.

Rev 2.0.2 04/12/12 B.Gisonni Minor errors fixed. Software Bit Toggle, CamConfig GUI

Basic and new screens.

Rev 2.0.3 09/18/12 A.Moreno Warranty period changed from 1 year to 2 years.

Rev 2.0.4 09/26/12 A.Moreno B2510, B1922 cameras added.

Rev 2.0.5 10/22/12 A.Moreno B6640, B3340 4 tap cameras added. New Ordering Table

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

TABLE OF CONTENTS

BOBCAT HARDWARE USER

’S MANUAL

1

CHAPTER 1

– INTRODUCTION

18

1.1

BOBCAT FAMILY ............................................................................................................. 19

1.2

GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................. 21

1.3

BOBCAT SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................... 23

1.3.1

General Information .......................................................................................................... 23

1.3.2

Spectral Response .............................................................................................................. 26

1.3.3

Bayer and TRUESENSE Pattern Information ................................................................... 29

1.3.4

Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 30

1.4

CAMERA CONNECTIVITY ............................................................................................ 41

1.4.1 Camera Link Output .......................................................................................................... 41

1.4.2 GigE Output ...................................................................................................................... 46

1.4.3 Power Supply .................................................................................................................... 47

1.5

MECHANICAL, OPTICAL and ENVIRONMENTAL .................................................. 48

1.5.1 Mechanical ........................................................................................................................ 48

1.5.2

Optical ............................................................................................................................... 62

1.5.3

Environmental ................................................................................................................... 62

CHAPTER 2

– CAMERA FEATURES

68

2.1 IMAGE RESOLUTION ..................................................................................................... 69

2.1.1 Normal Mode – Single Output .......................................................................................... 69

2.1.2 Normal Mode – Dual Output ............................................................................................ 70

2.1.3 Normal Mode – Quad Output ........................................................................................... 71

2.1.4 Center Mode ...................................................................................................................... 72

2.2 FRAME TIME CONTROL ............................................................................................... 76

2.2.1

Internal Line and Frame Time Control .............................................................................. 76

2.2.2

Camera Speed Control ....................................................................................................... 76

2.2.3

External Line and Frame Time Control ............................................................................ 78

2.3

AREA OF INTEREST ........................................................................................................ 78

2.3.1

Horizontal and Vertical Window ...................................................................................... 78

2.3.2

Calculating the Frame Rate using Vertical Window ......................................................... 81

BINNING ....................................................................................................................................... 105

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2.4

EXPOSURE CONTROL .................................................................................................. 110

2.5.1

Internal Exposure Control - Electronic Shutter ............................................................... 110

2.5.2

External exposure control ................................................................................................ 110

2.5.3

Variable Frame Time – Programmable Line and Frame Time ....................................... 110

2.5.4

Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) ............................................................................... 111

2.5.5

Automatic Iris Control (AIC) .......................................................................................... 112

2.6 EXTERNAL TRIGGER ................................................................................................... 113

2.6.1 Triggering Inputs .............................................................................................................. 113

2.6.2 Acquisition and Exposure Control ................................................................................... 113

2.6.3 Trigger Strobe Control ..................................................................................................... 114

2.6.4 Triggering modes ............................................................................................................. 114

2.7 STROBE OUTPUT ........................................................................................................... 119

2.8 GAIN and OFFSET ........................................................................................................... 120

2.8.1

Analog Domain – manual control ................................................................................... 120

2.8.2

Digital Domain – manual control .................................................................................... 121

2.8.3

Automatic Gain Control (AGC) ...................................................................................... 121

2.9

DATA OUTPUT FORMAT ............................................................................................. 122

2.9.1 Bit Depth ......................................................................................................................... 122

2.9.2 Digital Data Shift ............................................................................................................. 123

2.9.3 Output Format ................................................................................................................. 123

2.10

PULSE GENERATOR ..................................................................................................... 127

2.11

I/O CONTROL .................................................................................................................. 128

2.11.1 I/O Mapping ................................................................................................................... 128

2.11.2 Electrical Connectivity ................................................................................................... 129

2.12

TEST IMAGE PATTERNS ............................................................................................. 131

2.12.1 Test Image patterns ........................................................................................................ 131

2.12.2 Image Superimposition ................................................................................................... 131

2.13

WHITE BALANCE AND COLOR CONVERSION ..................................................... 132

2.13.1 White Balance ................................................................................................................ 132

2.13.2 Color (Bayer to RGB) Conversion ................................................................................ 132

2.14

DYNAMIC BLACK LEVEL CORRECTION AND TAP BALANCING ................... 133

2.14.1 Black Level Correction ................................................................................................. 133

2.14.2 Tap Balancing ................................................................................................................ 133

2.15

TRANSFER FUNCTION CORRECTION – USER LUT ............................................. 134

2.15.1 Standard Gamma Correction ......................................................................................... 134

2.15.2 User Defined LUT ......................................................................................................... 135

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

2.16

DEFECTIVE PIXEL CORRECTION ............................................................................ 136

2.16.1 Static Pixel Correction ................................................................................................. 136

2.16.1 Dynamic Pixel Correction ........................................................................................... 137

2.17

FLAT FIELD CORRECTION......................................................................................... 138

2.18

NEGATIVE IMAGE ......................................................................................................... 140

2.19

CAMERA INTERFACE .................................................................................................. 141

2.19.1

Status LED .................................................................................................................. 141

2.19.2

Temperature Monitor .................................................................................................. 141

2.19.3

Exposure Time Monitor .............................................................................................. 141

2.19.4

Frame Time Monitor ................................................................................................... 142

2.19.5

Current image size ....................................................................................................... 142

CHAPTER 3

– DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

143

3.1

OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 144

3.2

IMAGE ENHANCEMENT .............................................................................................. 144

3.2.1

Threshold Operation ........................................................................................................ 144

3.2.2

Multi Point Correction ..................................................................................................... 146

CHAPTER 4

– CAMERA CONFIGURATION

150

4.1

OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 151

4.2 CAMERA CONFIGURATION ....................................................................................... 151

4.2.1

Configuration Memory – parameter FLASH .................................................................. 151

4.2.3

Camera Serial Protocol .................................................................................................... 152

4.3

CAMERA CONFIGURATION REGISTER DESCRIPTION ..................................... 156

4.3.1

Startup Procedure ............................................................................................................ 156

4.3.2

Saving and Restoring Settings ......................................................................................... 156

4.3.3

Retrieving Manufacturing Data ....................................................................................... 158

4.3.4

Camera Information Registers ......................................................................................... 160

4.3.5

Image Size (AOI) Workspace Registers ......................................................................... 162

4.3.6

Exposure Control Workspace Registers .......................................................................... 169

4.3.7

AEC, AGC, AIC Workspace Registers ........................................................................... 170

4.3.8

Video Amp, Gain and Offset Workspace Registers ........................................................ 173

4.3.9

Triggering Workspace Registers ..................................................................................... 176

4.3.10 Pulse Generator Workspace Registers ............................................................................ 179

4.3.11 Test Pattern Workspace Registers ................................................................................... 180

4.3.12 Input/output Workspace Registers .................................................................................. 181

4.3.13 Output Data Format ......................................................................................................... 186

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4.3.14

White Balance Workspace Registers .......................................................................... 188

4.3.15

Color Conversion Workspace Registers ...................................................................... 189

4.3.16

Data Correction Workspace Registers ........................................................................ 190

4.4

DATA PROCESSING REGISTER DESCRIPTION .................................................... 191

4.4.1

Image Enhancement Workspace Registers ..................................................................... 191

4.5

LENS CONTROLLER REGISTER DESCRIPTION .......... Error! Bookmark not defined.

4.5.1

Lens Controller Workspace Registers ................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.

CHAPTER 5 - CONFIGURATOR FOR CAMERALINK 194

5.1 OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 195

5.2 DISCOVERY PROCEDURE ........................................................................................... 195

5.3 GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE ................................................................................ 196

5.4 MAIN GUI MENU ............................................................................................................ 198

5.5 VIEW GUI WINDOWS .................................................................................................... 202

5.6 GUI HELP .......................................................................................................................... 203

5.7 PARAMETER WINDOWS .............................................................................................. 204

5.7.1 Video Amp .................................................................................................................. 204

5.7.2 I/O Control .................................................................................................................. 205

5.7.3 Trigger ......................................................................................................................... 207

5.7.4 Pulse Generator ........................................................................................................... 209

5.7.5 Exposure ...................................................................................................................... 210

5.7.6 Test Image ................................................................................................................... 212

5.7.7 Area of Interest (AOI) ................................................................................................. 213

5.7.8

Strobe Control ............................................................................................................. 215

5.7.9

Color ............................................................................................................................ 216

5.7.10

Processing .................................................................................................................... 217

5.7.11

Data Output ................................................................................................................. 220

5.7.12 Lens Control ................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

CHAPTER 6

– GEN<I>CAM REFERENCE MANUAL

222

6.1 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 223

6.2 NODE TREE ...................................................................................................................... 224

6.2.1

Device Information .......................................................................................................... 224

6.2.2

IP Engine ......................................................................................................................... 224

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6.2.3

GigE Vision Transport Layer .......................................................................................... 224

6.2.5

Acquisition and Trigger Controls .................................................................................... 226

6.2.6

Counters and Timers Controls ......................................................................................... 226

6.2.7

Analog Controls .............................................................................................................. 227

6.2.8

Test Mode ........................................................................................................................ 227

6.2.9

User Sets .......................................................................................................................... 227

6.2.10 Custom Features .............................................................................................................. 228

CHAPTER 7

– BOBCAT WARRANTY AND SUPPORT

231

7.1 ORDERING INFORMATION ........................................................................................ 232

7.2

TECHNICAL SUPPORT ................................................................................................. 233

7.3

WARRANTY ..................................................................................................................... 234

APPENDIX A

– CAMERA CONFIGURATION REFERENCE

235

A.0

ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................................... 236

A.1 SAVING AND RESTORING REGISTERS ................................................................... 236

A.2 CAMERA INFORMATION REGISTERS .................................................................... 236

A.3 IMAGE SIZE (AOI) REGISTERS .................................................................................. 237

A.4

EXPOSURE CONTROL REGISTERS .......................................................................... 238

A.5 VIDEO REGISTERS ........................................................................................................ 238

A.6

AEC, AGC, AIC REGISTERS ........................................................................................ 239

A.7

TRIGGER REGISTERS .................................................................................................. 239

A.8

PULSE GENERATOR REGISTERS ............................................................................. 240

A.9

TEST PATTERN REGISTERS ....................................................................................... 240

A.10

STROBE REGISTERS ..................................................................................................... 240

A.11

INPUT AND OUTPUT REGISTERS ............................................................................. 241

A.12

OUTPUT DATA FORMAT REGISTERS ..................................................................... 241

A.13

WB AND COLOR CORRECTION REGISTERS......................................................... 241

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APPENDIX G

– POWER SUPPLIES

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

A.14

DATA CORRECTION REGISTERS ............................................................................. 242

A.15

PROCESSING REGISTERS ........................................................................................... 242

A.16

MANUFACTURING DATA REGISTERS .................................................................... 242

APPENDIX B

– CREATING LOOK UP TABLES

243

B.1 OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 244

B.2 USING AN ASCII TEXT EDITOR ................................................................................. 244

B.3 USING MICROSOFT EXCEL ........................................................................................ 245

APPENDIX C

– CREATING DPC AND HPC TABLES

246

C.1 OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 247

C.2 USING AN ASCII TEXT EDITOR ................................................................................. 247

APPENDIX D

– SOFTWARE INSTALLATION - CL

248

APPENDIX E

– FIRMWARE UPGRADE - CL

250

E.1 OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................... 251

E.2 BOBCAT UPGRADE ....................................................................................................... 251

APPENDIX F

– GIGE VISION FIRMWARE UPGRADE

255

F-1 Overview: .............................................................................................................................. 256

F-2 RGS Upgrade ........................................................................................................................ 259

F-3 IP Engine Install .................................................................................................................... 260

262

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

FIGURES

Figure 1.0a

– Interline CCD pixel structure.

Figure 1.0b

– Kodak TRUESENSE color filter interline CCD pixel structure.

24

24

Figure 1.1a

– KAI (Kodak) CCD typical mono spectral response.

Figure 1.1b

– KAI (Kodak) CCD typical UV spectral response.

26

26

Figure 1.1c

– KAI (Kodak) CCD typical color spectral response.

Figure 1.2a

– ICX (SONY) CCD typical mono spectral response.

27

Figure 1.1d

– KODAK TRUESENSE CCD typical spectral response with AR coated cover glass. 27

28

Figure 1.2b

– ICX (Sony) CCD typical color spectral response.

Figure 1.3

– Bayer Pattern arrangement.

Figure 1.3a

– Kodak TRUESENSE Pattern arrangement.

Figure 1.4

– Camera back panel – camera link output

28

29

29

41

Figure 1.5a

– Camera output connector

Figure 1.4a

– Camera power connector

Figure 1.6

– Camera back panel –GigE output

42

44

46

Figure 1.7a

– C-mount camera link cameras.

Figure 1.7b

– C-mount GEV cameras.

48

48

Figure 1.8a

– C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B0610, B0620,

B1310, B1410, B1411, B1610, B2510, and B2520. 49

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Figure 1.8b

– C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B1620

50 and ICL-B1920.

Figure 1.8c

– F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B2020,

50

Figure 1.8ba

– C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B1020, B1320,

B1621, B1921, B1922, and B2320. 51

52

ICL-B4020 and ICL-B4820.

Figure 1.8ca

– F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B3320,

52

53

53 ICL-B4821 and ICL-B6620.

Figure 1.8cb

– F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B3340,

54 and ICL-B6640. 54

Figure 1.8cc

– F-mount camera link output – with external heatsink dimensional drawings for 55

Figure 1.8d

– C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B0610,

56

IGV-B0620, IGV-B1410, IGV-B1610, B2510, and B2520.

Figure 1.8e

– C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B1620,

56

57 and IGV-B1920.

Figure 1.8f

– F-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B2020,

57

Figure 1.8ea

– C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B1020, B1320,

B1621, B1921, B1922, and B2320. 58

59

IGV-B4020 and IGV-B4820.

Figure 1.8fa

– F-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B3320,

59

60

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IGV-B4821 and IGV-B6620.

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

60

Figure 1.8g

– Small Bobcat mounting plate using ¼ in 20 thread.

Figure 1.8ga

– Big Bobcat mounting plate using ¼ in 20 thread.

61

61

Figure 1.9a

– Optical plane position for B0610 (KAI-0340), B0620 (KAI-0340), B1410 (ICX-

285), B1610 (ICX-274), B2510 (ICX-655), and B2520 (ICX-625) cameras. 63

Figure 1.9b

– Optical plane position for B1620 (KAI-2020) and B1920 (KAI-2093) cameras.

64

Figure 1.9c

– Optical plane position for B2020 (KAI-04022), B4020 (KAI-11002), and

B4820 (KAI-16000) cameras. 65

Figure 1.9d

– Optical plane position for B1020 (KAI-01050, B1621 (02050), B1921 (02150)

B1922 (ICX-674), and B2320 (04050) cameras. 66

Figure 1.9e

– Optical plane position (in mm) for B3320 (KAI- 08050).

67

Figure 1.9f

– Optical plane position (mm) for B4821(KAI-16050) and B6620 (KAI-29050).

67

Figure 2.1

– Single output mode of operation.

Figure 2.2

– Dual output mode of operation.

69

70

Figure 2.3

– Quad output operation.

Figure 2.4

– Center columns output mode of operation.

71

73

Figure 2.4

– Center columns output in dual mode of operation.

Figure 2.5

– Center columns output in dual tap mode.

Figure 2.6

– Sub-sampled CCD output.

73

74

75

Figure 2.7

– Horizontal and vertical window positioning.

78

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Figure 2.8

– Slave AOIs.

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

79

Figure 2.9

– PAOI enabled as processing ROI.

Figure 2.10.1a

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B0610

Figure 2.10.1b

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B0620

80

81

82

Figure 2.10.1c

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1020

Figure 2.10.1d

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1310

Figure 2.10.1e

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1320

Figure 2.10.1f

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1410

83

84

85

86

Figure 2.10.1g

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1411

Figure 2.10.1h

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1610

Figure 2.10.1i

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1620

87

88

89

Figure 2.10.1j

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1621

Figure 2.10.1k

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1920

Figure 2.10.1l

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1921

90

91

92

Figure 2.11.1m

– Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1922

Figure 2.12.1n

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2510

Figure 2.10.1o

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2520

Figure 2.10.1p

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2020

93

94

95

96

Figure 2.10.1q

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2320

Figure 2.10.1r

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B3320

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Rev. 2.0.6

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97

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Figure 2.10.1s

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B3340

99

Figure 2.10.1t

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4020.

Figure 2.10.1u

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4820.

Figure 2.10.1v

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4821.

100

101

102

Figure 2.10.1w

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B6620.

Figure 2.10.1x

– Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B6640.

Figure 2.11

– 2:2 Horizontal and vertical binning

Figure 2.11a

– AOI within horizontal and vertical binned image.

103

104

105

109

Figure 2.12

– Electronic shutter position

Figure 2.13

– Programmable frame time

Figure 2.14

– Standard triggering timing

110

111

115

Figure 2.15

– Fast synchronized triggering - rapid capture

Figure 2.16

– Double exposure triggering

Figure 2.17

– Frame accumulation triggering

116

117

118

Figure 2.18

– Asynchronous triggering

Figure 2.19

– Strobe pulse positioning

Figure 2.20

– AFE gain and offset

Figure 2.21

– DATA output format

118

119

120

122

Figure 2.22

– Output data using 4 bits digital right shift

Figure 2.24a

– 2 tap sequential output

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Rev. 2.0.6

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123

Figure 2.24b

– 2 tap interleaved output

Figure 2.24c

– 2 tap interleaved output

Figure 2.24d

– 4 tap interleaved output

Figure 2.25

– Internal pulse generator

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

125

125

126

127

Figure 2.26

– IN1, IN2 electrical connection.

Figure 2.27

– OUT1, OUT2 electrical connection.

Figure 2.30

– Look up table

Figure 2.31

– Gamma corrected video signal

Figure 2.32

– Custom LUT

Figure 2.33a

– Original image showing ‘shading’ effect

Figure 2.33b

– Flat field corrected image

129

129

134

135

135

139

139

Figure 2.34

– Normal and Negative Image

Figure 3.1

– Original and processed image with single threshold.

Figure 3.2

– Original and processed image with double threshold.

Figure 3.3

– Original and processed image with threshold and gray scale stretch.

Figure 3.4

– Single point TF correction.

Figure 3.5

– Multi point TF correction.

Figure 3.6

– Multi point image correction (a – original, b – processed).

Figure 4.1

– Serial protocol format

Figure 4.2

– Normal write cycle

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140

145

145

146

147

148

149

152

153

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

Figure 4.3a

– Invalid command error

Figure 4.3b

– Rx timeout error

Figure 4.4

– Normal read cycle

Figure 5.1

– Discovery procedure – select port

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

153

153

154

195

Figure 5.2

– CamConfig GUI Advanced

Figure 5.2a

– CamConfig GUI Basic

Figure 5.3

– Main Menu

Figure 5.5

– Command terminal

196

197

198

200

Figure 5.6

– Download terminal

Figure 5.7

– View GUI Windows

Figure 5.8

– Help menu

201

202

203

Figure 5.9

– About CamConfig.

Figure 5.10

– Video Amp parameter window

Figure 5.11

– I/O control parameter window

203

204

206

Figure 5.13

– Pulse generator window

Figure 5.16

– AOI window.

Figure 5.17

– Strobe Control window

Figure 5.18

– Color window

209

214

215

217

Figure 5.20

– Data output window

Figure 5.21

– Lens Control window

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

TABLES AND CAPTIONS

Table 1.0

– Pixel structure for different BOBCAT cameras

Table 1.1a

– B0610, B0620 Camera Specifications.

Table 1.1b

– B1020, B1310 and B1320 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1c

– B1410 and B1411 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1d

– B1610, B1620 and B1621 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1e

– B1920,B1921 and B1922 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1f

– B2020, B2320 and B2510 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1g

– B2520, B3320 and B4020 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1h

– B4820, B4821 and B6620 Camera Specifications

Table 1.1i

– B6640,B3340 Quad Camera Specifications

Table 1.2

– Camera Output Connector – Signal Mapping

Table 1.3

– Base Camera Link bit assignment

Table 1.4b

– Camera Power Connector Pin Mapping

Table 1.5a

– BNC Connectors Pin Mapping

Table 2.1

– Image resolutions for different modes

Table 2.2

– Frame rates for different modes

Table 2.3

– Frame rates for quad output cameras

Table 2.4a

– Image sizes and frame rates for different H binning modes

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25

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

42

43

44

45

75

77

77

106

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Table 2.4b

– Image sizes and frame rates for different V binning modes

107

Table 2.4c

– B0620 Center mode image sizes and frame rates during V binning

Table 2.4a

– BOBCAT Input Mapping

Table 2.4b

– BOBCAT Output Mapping

107

128

128

Table 3.1

– Current camera temperature values

Table 4.0

– Auto Iris 4 pin MINI plug E4-191J

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Chapter 1

– Introduction

Introduction

This chapter outlines the key features of the BOBCAT camera.

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1.1 BOBCAT FAMILY

The BOBCAT series of cameras are built around a robust imaging platform utilizing the latest digital technology and components. BOBCAT camera series is designed around 20 different CCD imaging sensors, featuring different resolutions and frame rates. Each base model is available in monochrome and color. Each base model is also available with Base

Camera Link PoCL output and GEV. The first three letters in the camera model name shows the output interface – ICL for Camera Link, and IGV – for GigE Vision.

The BOBCAT family list is shown below:

Model

ICL-B0610M

ICL-B0610C

ICL-B0620M

ICL-B0620C

ICL-B1020M

ICL-B1020C

ICL-B1310M

ICL-B1310C

ICL-B1320M

ICL-B1320C

ICL-B1410M

ICL-B1410C

ICL-B1411M

ICL-B1411C

ICL-B1610M

ICL-B1610C

ICL-B1620M

ICL-B1620C

ICL-B1621M

ICL-B1621C

ICL-B1920M

ICL-B1920C

ICL-B1921M

ICL-B1921C

ICL-B1922M

ICL-B1922C

ICL-B2020M

ICL-B2020C

ICL-B2320M

ICL-B2320C

ICL-B2510M

ICL-B2510C

ICL-B2520M

ICL-B2520C

ICL-B3320M

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Resolution Speed Type

648/640 x 488/480

648/640 x 488/480

648/640 x 488/480

648/640 x 488/480

1032/1024 x 1032/1024

1032/1024 x 1032/1024

1296/1280 x 966/960

1296/1280 x 966/960

1320/1280 x 736/720

1320/1280 x 736/720

1392/1360 x 1040/1024

1392/1360 x 1040/1024

1392/1360 x 1040/1024

1392/1360 x 1040/1024

1628/1620 x 1236/1220

1628/1620 x 1236/1220

1608/1600 x 1208/1200

1608/1600 x 1208/1200

1632/1600 x 1232/1200

1632/1600 x 1232/1200

1920 x 1080

1928/1920 x 1084/1080

1952/1920 x 1112/1080

1952/1920 x 1112/1080

1940/1932 1460/1452

1940/1932 1460/1452

2056/2048 x 2060/2048

2056/2048 x 2060/2048

110/138 fps

110/138 fps

210/260 fps

210/260 fps

60/74 fps

60/74 fps

26/39 fps

26/39 fps

68/85 fps

68/85 fps

23/30 fps

23/30 fps

24/31 fps

24/31 fps

16/25 fps

16/25 fps

35/44 fps

35/44 fps

34/42 fps

34/42fps

33/41 fps

33/41 fps

32/40 fps

32/40 fps

20/27 fps

20/27 fps

16/20 fps

16/20 fps

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

2352/2336 x 1768/1752

2352/2336 x 1768/1752

2456/2448 x 2058/2050

2456/2448 x 2058/2050

16/21 fps

16/21 fps

6.5/9.6 fps

6.5/9.6 fps

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

2456/2448 x 2058/2050

2456/2448 x 2058/2050

11/16 fps

11/16 fps

Mono

Color

3312/3296 x 2496/2472 8.5/10.7 fps Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

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Optics

2/3”

2/3”

2/3”

1.3"

1.3"

1”

1”

2/3"

1/1.8"

1.0"

1.0"

2/3”

2/3”

1.0"

1.0"

2/3”

2/3"

2/3"

2/3"

4/3”

1/3"

1/3"

1/3"

1/3"

1/2'”

1/2'”

1/3”

1/3”

1/2'”

1/2'”

2/3"

2/3"

1/2'”

1/2'”

1/1.8"

CCD model

KAI-0340SM

KAI-0340SC

KAI-0340DM

KAI-0340DC

KAI-01050M

KAI-01050C

ICX-445AL

ICX-445AQ

KAI-01150M

KAI-01150C

ICX-285AL

ICX-285AQ

ICX-267AL

ICX-267AK

ICX-274ALM

ICX-274AQC

KAI-2020M

KAI-2020C

KAI-02050M

KAI-02050C

KAI-2093M

KAI-2093C

KAI-02150M

KAI-02150C

ICX-674

ICX-674

KAI-04022M

KAI-04022C

KAI-04050M

KAI-04050C

ICX-655AL

ICX-655AL

ICX-625AL

ICX-625AQ

KAI-08050M

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CCD

Sony

Sony

Sony

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Sony

Sony

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Sony

Sony

Kodak

Kodak

Sony

Sony

Sony

Kodak

Kodak

Sony

Sony

Sony

Sony

Kodak

Model

ICL-B3320C

ICL-B3340M

ICL-B3340C

ICL-B4020M

ICL-B4020C

Resolution

4032/4008 x 2688/2672

4032/4008 x 2688/2672

Speed

5/7 fps

5/7 fps

ICL-B4820M 4904/4872 x 3280/3248 3.2/4.2fps

ICL-B4820C

ICL-B4821M

4904/4872 x 3280/3248

4920/4896 x 3280/3264

3.2/4.2 fps

3.1/4.2 fps

ICL-B4821C

ICL-B6620M

4920/4896 x 3280/3264

6600/6576 x 4400/4384

3.1/4.2 fps

1.8/2.5 fps

ICL-B6620C 6600/6576 x 4400/4384 1.8/2.5 fps

ICL-B6640M 6600/6576 x 4400/4384 3.5/4.7 fps

ICL-B6640C 6600/6576 x 4400/4384 3.5/4.7 fps

Type

3312/3296 x 2496/2472 8.5/10.6 fps Color

3312/3296 x 2496/2472

3312/3296 x 2496/2472

17.05/21.3

17.05/21.3

Color

Color

Optics

4/3”

4/3”

4/3”

Mono

43.3 mm

Color

Mono

43.3 mm

43.3 mm

Color 43.3 mm

Mono

32.36 mm

Color

Mono

Color

Mono

Color

32.36 mm

43.3 mm

43.3 mm

43.3 mm

43.3 mm

NOTE:

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

CCD

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

Kodak

CCD model

KAI-08050C

KAI-08050C

KAI-08050C

KAI-11002M

KAI-11002C

KAI-16000M

KAI-16000C

KAI-16050M

KAI-16050C

KAI-29050M

KAI-29050C

KAI-29050M

KAI-29050C

1.

Since the camera features and performance are output invariant, when describing the cameras we will use only the model number without the first three letters.

2.

B1920 supports only 1920 x 1080 image size.

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1.2 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

The BOBCAT cameras are advanced, intelligent, high-resolution, progressive scan, fully programmable and field upgradeable CCD cameras. They are built around SONY‟s and

KODAK‟s line of interline transfer CCD imagers. BOBCAT cameras are feature rich with built in image processing engine (based on a 2 million gates FPGA), have small size, very low power consumption, low noise, and efficient and optimized internal thermal distribution. The BOBCAT cameras feature programmable image resolution, frame rates, gain, offset, asynchronous external triggering with programmable exposure, fast triggering, double exposure and capture duration, electronic shutter, long time integration, strobe output, transfer function correction, temperature monitoring and user programmable and uploadable LUT. A square pixel provides for a superior image in any orientation. The interline transfer CCD permits full vertical and horizontal resolution of high-speed shutter images.

The combination of electronic shutter and long time integration enables the cameras capturing speed to be from 1/500,000 second to more than 16 seconds. A built-in Gamma correction and user LUT optimizes the CCD„s dynamic range. The cameras have a standard

GEV or Camera Link™ interface that includes 8/10/12/14 bits data transmission with one or two output taps as well as camera control and asynchronous RS232 serial communication interface, all on a single cable. The cameras are fully programmable via the serial interface using a GUI based configuration utility. The adaptability and flexibility of the camera allows it to be used in a wide and diverse range of applications including machine vision, metrology high-definition imaging and surveillance, medical and scientific imaging, intelligent transportation systems, character recognition, document processing and many more and with a MTBF of > 660,000 hrs. It the most feature packed versatile camera line produced.

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MAIN BOBCAT FEATURES

Mono and color - 8/10/12/14-bit data

Color - 3x8-bit (RGB) data, auto white balance

TRUESENSE color filter pattern from Kodak

Normal and over-clock operation

Base camera link, PoCL support or GigE Vision

Rs232 serial communication

Analog and digital gain and offset control

1x, 2x, 3x, 4x, 8x horizontal and vertical binning

Eight (7 + 1) independent horizontal and vertical AOIs

Programmable horizontal and vertical resolution

Programmable line time, frame time and speed.

Programmable external trigger:

 3 triggering sources

 5 triggering modes

Automatic gain, exposure and iris control

Internal/External exposure control

Internal/External H and V sync input/output

Left/right digital bit shift

Test image with image superimposition

Built in pulse generator

Programmable I/O mapping

 4 programmable inputs

 3 programmable outputs

Dynamic transfer function correction

Dynamic black level correction

Two dimensional Flat field correction

Defective and hot pixel correction

Temperature monitor

Field upgradeable firmware, LUT, DPC, HPC, FFT

Integrated lens Control – Iris, Focus, Zoom

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1.3 BOBCAT SPECIFICATIONS

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

1.3.1 General Information

A CCD camera is an electronic device for converting light into an electrical signal.

The camera contains a light sensitive element CCD (Charge Coupled Device) where an electronic representation of the image is formed. The CCD consists of a two dimensional array of sensitive elements – silicon photodiodes, also known as pixels.

The photons falling on the CCD surface create photoelectrons within the pixels, where the number of photoelectrons is linearly proportional to the light level. Although the number of electrons collected in each pixel is linearly proportional to the light level and exposure time, the amount of electrons varies with the wavelength of the incident light. When the desired exposure is reached, the charges from each pixel are shifted onto a vertical register, VCCD, and then one row downwards in a vertical direction towards a horizontal register, HCCD. After that the electrons contained in the HCCD are shifted in a horizontal direction, one pixel at a time, onto a floating diffusion output node where the transformation from charge to voltage takes place. The resultant voltage signal is buffered by a video amplifier and sent to the corresponding video output. There are two floating diffusions and two video amplifiers at each end of the

HCCD, and the charges can be transferred towards any of the outputs (depending on the mode of operation). The time interval required for all the pixels, from the entire imager, to be clocked out of the HCCD is called a frame. To generate a color image a set of color filters (Red, Green, and Blue) arranged in a “Bayer” pattern, are placed over the pixels. The starting color is typically Green for Kodak CCDs and Red for

SONY CCDs, but it varies from CCD to CCD. Figure 1.0a shows the CCD pixel structure. Table 1.1 shows the individual pixel structure for different BOBCAT cameras. Effective pixels image consists of Active and Buffer pixels. Figures 1.1a, b, c and 1.2a, b show the camera‟s spectral response. Figure 1.3 shows the Bayer pattern arrangement.

A new innovation to the Bayer pattern is the TRUESENSE color filter pattern from

Kodak. The KODAK TRUESENSE Color Filter pattern uses a technology which provides a 2x improvement in light sensitivity as compared to a standard color Bayer pattern. This technology utilizes panchromatic filters (filters that are sensitive to all colors of light) in addition to the standard green, red, blue filters. Figure 1.1d shows the typical spectral response of the TRUESENSE CCD. Figure 1.3a shows the

TRUESENSE pattern arrangement. Figure 1.0b shows CCD pixel structure.

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Figure 1.0a – Interline CCD pixel structure.

Figure 1.0b – Kodak TRUESENSE color filter interline CCD pixel structure.

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Effective

Pixels

648

648

2352

2456

2456

3312

3312

4032

4904

4920

6600

6600

1032

1296

1320

1392

1392

1628

1608

1632

1928

1952

1944

2056

Camera

Type

B0610

B0620

B2320

B2510

B2520

B3320

B3340

B4020

B4820

B4821

B6620

B6640

B1020

B1310

B1320

B1410

B1411

B1610

B1620

B1621

B1920

B1921

B1922

B2020

Active

Pixels

640

640

2336

2448

2448

3296

3296

4008

4872

4896

6576

6576

1024

1280

1280

1360

1360

1620

1600

1600

1920

1920

1932

2048

Effective

Lines

488

488

1768

2058

2058

2496

2496

2688

3280

3280

4400

4400

1032

966

736

1040

1040

1236

1208

1232

1084

1112

1460

2060

Active

Lines CCD Sensor Pixel Size

480 KAI-0340S

7.40 μm sq.

480 KAI-0340D

7.40 μm sq.

1024 KAI-01050

5.50 μm sq.

960 ICX-445

3.75 μm sq.

720 KAI-01150

5.50 μm sq.

1024 ICX-285

6.45 μm sq.

1024 ICX-267

4.65 μm sq.

1220 ICX-274

4.40 μm sq.

1200 KAI-2020

7.40 μm sq.

1200 KAI-2050

5.50 μm sq.

1080 KAI-2093

7.40 μm sq.

1080 KAI-2150

5.50 μm sq.

1452 ICX-674 4.54 μm sq.

2048 KAI-4022

7.40 μm sq.

1752 KAI-04050

5.50 μm sq.

2050 ICX-655

3.45 μm sq.

2050 ICX-625

3.45 μm sq.

2472 KAI-08050

5.50 μm sq.

2472 KAI-08050

5.50 μm sq.

2672 KAI-11002

9.00 μm sq.

3248 KAI-16000

7.40 μm sq.

3264 KAI-16050

5.50 μm sq.

4384 KAI-29050

5.50 μm sq.

4384 KAI-29050

5.50 μm sq.

Table 1.0 – Pixel structure for different BOBCAT cameras

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1.3.2 Spectral Response

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Figure 1.1a – KAI (Kodak) CCD typical mono spectral response.

(Monochrome with the cover glass)

Figure 1.1b – KAI (Kodak) CCD typical UV spectral response.

(UV quantum efficiency measured without cover glass and micro-lenses)

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Figure 1.1c – KAI (Kodak) CCD typical color spectral response.

(Color with the cover glass)

Figure 1.1d – KODAK TRUESENSE CCD typical spectral response with AR coated cover glass.

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Figure 1.2a – ICX (SONY) CCD typical mono spectral response.

(Monochrome with the cover glass)

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Figure 1.2b – ICX (Sony) CCD typical color spectral response.

(Color with the cover glass)

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1.3.3 Bayer and TRUESENSE Pattern Information

Bobcat is available with Monochrome or Color CCD imager. To generate a color image a set of color filters (Red, Green, and Blue) arranged in a “Bayer” pattern, are placed over the pixels. The starting color is typically

GREEN

for Kodak CCDs and

RED

for SONY CCDs – Figure 1.3.

TRUESENSE

Panchromatic (“clear”) pixels (Pixel 1,1) added to standard Red, Green, and Blue array.

Pan pixels provide increased sensitivity by detecting all visible wavelengths.

This provides a 2x – 4x increase in light sensitivity - Figure 1.3a.

Figure 1.3 – Bayer Pattern arrangement.

Pixel 1,1 

Figure 1.3a – Kodak TRUESENSE Pattern arrangement.

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1.3.4 Technical Specifications

The tables below illustrate and describe features and specification of the individual

Bobcat models. The Table below describes features and specifications that relate to all Bobcat cameras.

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Features / Specifications

RS 232 interface

Frame Time (Long int.)

Auto White balance

Auto iris

Binning

Test image

Mirror image (H Mirror)

Defective pixel correction

Hot pixel correction

Negative Image

I/O Control

Strobe output

Pulse Generator

In-camera Image Processing

Camera housing

Supply voltage range

Upgradeable firmware

Upgradeable LUT,DPM, FFC

Operating

Environmental - Storage

Vibration, Shock

Relative humidity

Common to all CL and GEV cameras

Yes up to 16 sec

Yes

Yes

2x2, 3x3, 4x4, 8x8

Yes, Image superimposition

Yes

Static, Dynamic, User DPM,

Static, Dynamic, User HPM

Yes

4 inputs, 3 outputs

Two strobes, Active HIGH

Yes

Yes, User

Aluminum

10 V to 15 V DC

Yes

Yes

- 30.0 to + 80.0 deg C

- 40.0 to + 90.0 deg C

10G (20-200) Hz XYZ, 70G

90% non-condensing

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Specifications B0610 B0620

Active image resolution 648/640 (H) x 488/480 (V) 648/640 (H) x 488/480 (V)

Active image area (H, V) mm 4.795/4.736 x 3.611/3.552 4.795/4.736 x 3.611/3.552

Pixel size 7.40 μm 7.40 μm

Video output

Output structure

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single

Digital, 8/10/12/(14 sing.) bit

Single or Dual

Data clock

Camera interface

RS 232 interface

PoCL

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL

Yes

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL

Yes

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Frame Time (Long int.)

Analog gain

Gain resolution

110/137 fps

Up to 2000 fps

60 dB

1/500000 to 1/110 sec

Up to 200 us

Up to 16 sec

208/260 fps

Up to 2200 fps

60 dB

1/500000 to 1/110 sec

Up to 200 us

Up to 16 sec

0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Auto iris

Area of interest

Binning

Test image

User LUT

Defective pixel correction

Hot pixel correction

Flat field correction

Negative Image

I/O Control

Digital bit shift

Strobe output

Pulse Generator

Hardware trigger

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Yes

Yes, User HPM

No

Yes

4 inputs, 3 outputs

7 bits, Left or Right

Two strobes, Active HIGH

Yes

Asynchronous

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Yes

Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs

2x2, 3x3, 4x4, 8x8 2x2, 3x3, 4x4, 8x8

Yes, Image superimposition Yes, Image superimposition

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User DPM Yes, User DPM

Yes, User HPM

No

Yes

4 inputs, 3 outputs

7 bits, Left or Right

Two strobes, Active HIGH

Yes

Asynchronous

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Trigger features

In-camera Image Processing

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async., Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async., Frame integration

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

Yes, User Yes, User

TBD Camera Image Memory

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Specifications

Camera housing

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Supply voltage range

Power CL/GigE

Upgradeable firmware

Upgradeable LUT, DPM, HPM

Environmental - Operating

Environmental - Storage

Vibration, Shock

Relative humidity

B0610

Aluminum

(45 x 45 x 39) mm

B0620

Aluminum

(45 x 45 x 39) mm

(45 x 45 x 63) mm

160/180 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 1/3” format

10 V to 15 V DC

1.4 W / 3.9 W

Yes

(45 x 45 x 63) mm

160/180 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 1/3” format

10 V to 15 V DC

2.4 W/ 4.9 W

Yes

Yes

- 30.0 to + 65.0 deg C

Yes

- 30.0 to + 65.0 deg C

- 40.0 to + 70.0 deg C - 40.0 to + 70.0 deg C

10G (20-200) Hz XYZ, 70G 10G (20-200) Hz XYZ, 70G

80% non-condensing 80% non-condensing

Table 1.1a – B0610, B0620 Camera Specifications.

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 32 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications B1020 B1310 B1320

Active image resolution 1032/1024(H)x 1032/1024(V) 1296/1280(H) x 966/960(V) 1320/1280(H) x 728/720(V)

Active image area (H,

V) mm

Pixel size

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

5.63/5.63(H)X5.63/5.63(V) 4.86/4.81(H)X 3.62/3.62(V) 7.26/7.04(H)X4.05/3.96(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12V -3W (CL only)

60/74 fps

354 fps

60dB

1/500000 to1/60

Up to 200 us

3.75 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

3x8RGB

Single RGB

40.000/64.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12V -2W (CL only)

26/39 fps

170 fps

60dB

1/200000 to 1/26 up to 200 us

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12V -2W (CL only)

68/85 fps

395 fps

60dB

1/2500000 to/68

Up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

No No No

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power CL/GigE

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD

(46X46X50.6) mm

TBD

(46X46X39) mm

TBD

(46X46X50.6) mm

(46X46X74.5) mm

186/229g

1 lux, F1.4

(46X46X63) mm

136/243g

0.2 Lux, f=1.4

(46X46X74.5) mm

186/229g

1 lux, F1.4

C mount, 1/2” format CCD C mount, 1/3” format CCD C mount, 1/2” format CCD

3.0 W / 4.4 W 1.8 W / 3.4 W 3.2 W / 54.5 W

Table 1.1b – B1020, B1310 and B1320 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 33 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications

Active image resolution

Active image area (H, V) mm

Pixel size

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power CL/GigE

B1410

1392/1360(H) x 1040/1024(V)

B1411

1392/1360(H) x 1040/1024(V)

8.978/8.772 x 6.708/6.605

6.45 μm

6.47/6.31(H) X 4.83/4.72(V)

4.65 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit 3x8RGB Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit 3x8RGB

Single

40.000/54.000 MHz

Single

40.000/54.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

23/30 fps

Up to 190 fps

60 dB

1/250000 to 1/23 sec

Up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

24/31 fps

Up to 247 fps

60dB

1/250000 to 1/24

Up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

No

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

No

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x39) mm

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x39) mm

(46x46x63) mm

142/196 g

0.2 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 2/3” format CCD

2.7 W / 4.6 W

(46x46x63) mm

171/196 g

0.2 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 1/2” format CCD

2.6 W / 4.2 W

Table 1.1c – B1410 and B1411 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 34 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications B1610 B1620 B1621

Active image resolution 1628/1620 (H) x 1236/1220

(V)

Active image area (H, V) mm

1608/1600 (H) x

1208/1200 (V)

1632/1600(H) x

1232/1200(V)

7.16/7.12 x 5.43/5.36 11.89/11.84 x 8.93/8.88 9.02/8.80(H) x6.82/6.60(V)

Pixel size

4.40 μm 7.40 μm 5.50 μm

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit,3x8RGB

Single

40.000/64.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

17/25 fps

212 fps

60 dB

1/200000 to 1/16 sec

Up to 200 us

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

35/44 fps

299 fps

60 dB

1/100000 to 1/35 sec up to 200 us

Digital, 8/10/12/14

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHZ

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3.0W (CL only)

34/42 fps

257 fps

60dB

1/500000 to 1/34 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step) 1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step) 1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

No

2 LUTs: Gamma, User

LUT

Yes, User FFC

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power CL/GigE

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x39) mm

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x43) mm

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x50.6) mm

(46x46x63) mm

167/192 g

0.5 Lux, f=1.4

(46x46x66) mm

156/210 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

(46x46x74.5) mm

171/245g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 1/1.8” format CCD C mount, 1.0” format CCD C Mount, 2/3 format CCD

2.2 W / 4.6 W 3.2 W / 4.9 W 3.0 W / 4.5 W

Table 1.1d – B1610, B1620 and B1621 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 35 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

Specifications

Active image resolution

Active image area (H,V) mm

Pixel size

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power CL/GigE

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

B1920 B1921

1920 (H) x 1080 (V) 1952/1920(H) x 1112/1080

(V)

14.208 x 7.992 10.56(H) X 5.94(V)

B1922

1940/1932(H) x 1460/1452

(V)

10.56(H) X 5.94(V)

7.40 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

4.54 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3W (CL only)

33/41 fps

Up to 188 fps

60 dB

1/100000 to 1/33 sec up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3W (CL only)

32/40 fps

60dB

Up to 282 fps

1/500000 to 1/32 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3W (CL only)

20/27 fps

Up to 71 fps

60dB

1/500000 to 1/32 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step) 1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511 -511 to + 511

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI Yes, with AOI Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC Yes, User FFC Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x43) mm

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x50.6) mm

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46x46x50.6) mm

(46x46x66) mm

157/263 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

(46x46x74.5) mm

170/229 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

(46x46x74.5) mm

170/229 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

C mount, 1.0” format CCD C mount, 2/3 format CCD C mount, 2/3 format CCD

3.2 W / 5.0 W 3.0 W / 4.4 W 3.0 W / 4.4 W

Table 1.1e – B1920,B1921 and B1922 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 36 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

B2020

Active image resolution 2056/2048 (H) x 2060/2048

(V)

Active image area

(H,V) mm

Pixel size

15.214/15.155 x

15.244/15.155

7.40 μm

B2320

2352/2336(H) x 1768/1752(V)

12.98/12.85(H) X

9.76/9.64(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

B2510

2456/2448 (H) x 2058/2050 (V)

8.473/8.446 x 7.100/7.072

3.45 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3.6W (CL only)

16/20 fps

123 fps

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3.2W (CL only

16/21 fps

126 fps

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Dual

40.000/64.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 3.2W (CL only

6.5/9.6 fps

50 fps

60 dB

1/100000 to 1/16 sec up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

60 dB

1/500000 to 1/16 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

53 dB

1/80000 to 1/11 sec up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC Yes, User FFC No

7 bits, Left or Right 7 bits, Left or Right 7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous Asynchronous Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G TBD-DSP up to 2G

(60x60x37) mm (46x46x50) mm

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

(60x60x60) mm

294/379 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

(46x46x74.5) mm

172/227g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

F mount, 21 mm format CCD C Mount,1” format CCD

3.6 W / 5.0 W 3.2 W / 4.8 W

Power consumption

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46 x 46 x 39) mm

(46x46x63) mm

137/243 g

.5 Lux, f=1.4

C Mount,1” format CCD

2.4 W / 4.8 W

Table 1.1f – B2020, B2320 and B2510 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 37 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

B2520

Active image resolution 2456/2448 (H) x 2058/2050

(V)

Active image area (H,

V) mm

8.473/8.446 x 7.100/7.072

Pixel size

3.45 μm

B3320 B4020

3340/3296(H) x 2496/2472(V)

4032/4008 (H) x 2688/2672

18.37/18.13(H)

X13.72/13.60(V)

5.50 μm

(V)

36.288/36.072 x

24.192/24.048

9.00 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Dual

40.000/64.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

12VDC, 4.8W (CL only)

11/16 fps

50 fps

53 dB

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

40.000/50.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

No

8.5/10.6 fps

73 fps

60 dB

Digital, 8/10/12 bit

Single or Dual

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

No

5/7 fps

39 fps

60 dB

1/80000 to 1/11 sec up to 200 us

1/500000 to 1/8 up to 200 us

1/100000 to 1/5 sec up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step,1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output 1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

No

7 bits, Left or Right

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous Asynchronous Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Trigger features

Camera Imag Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G TBD-DSP up to 2G

(46 x 46 x 39) mm (60x60x45) mm

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(60x60x38) mm

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power consumption

(46x46x63) mm

137/243 g

.5 Lux, f=1.4

C mount,1.0” format CCD

2.4 W / 4.8 W

(60x60x68) mm

186/309 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

(60x60x60) mm

288/372 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

F mount, 1.3” format CCD F mount, 43.3 mm format CCD

3.6 W / 6.1 W 3.7 W / 6.5 W

Table 1.1g – B2520, B3320 and B4020 Camera Specifications

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 38 of 265

Rev. 2.0.6

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Specifications B4820 B4821 B6620

Active image resolution 4904/4872(H)x3280/3248(V) 4920/4896(H) x 3280/3264(V) 6600/6576(H) x 4408/4384(V)

Active image area (H,

V) mm

Pixel size

36.289/36.053(H) x

24.272/24.035(V)

7.40 μm

27.060/26.928(H) x

18.040/17.952(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

36.30/36.17(H) X

24.24/24.11(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Single or Dual

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

Single or Dual

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

Single or Dual

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

PoCL

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

12VDC, 4W (CL only)

3/4 fps

24 fps

60 dB

3.1/4.2 fps

21 fps

60dB

1.8/2.5 fps

13 fps

60dB

1/67000 to 1/3 sec up to 200 us

1/125000 to 1/3 up to 200 us

1/125000 to1/2.5 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output 0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps 0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB (-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT 2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, framegrabber

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast,

Async, Frame integration

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power consumption

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(60x60x38) mm

(60x60x60) mm

280/300 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

(60x60x45) mm

(60x60x68) mm

186/310 g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

Rising/Falling edge, Deglitch, Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

60x60x45 mm

60x60x68 mm

319 /400g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

F mount,43.3mm format CCD F mount,32.36mm format CCD F mount,35mm format CCD

3.6 W / 6.1 W 4.0/5.6 W 3.6 W / 6.1 W

Table 1.1h – B4820, B4821 and B6620 Camera Specifications

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Specifications B3340

Active image resolution

3340/3296(H) x 2496/2472(V)

Active image area (H,

V) mm

Pixel size

18.37/18.13(H)

X13.72/13.60(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Video output

Output structure

Data clock

Camera interface

Nominal frame rate

Maximum frame rate

S/N ratio

Shutter speed

Line time

Analog gain

Gain resolution

Analog CDS gain

Black level offset

Digital gain

Digital offset

Auto gain/exposure

Area of interest

User LUT

Flat field correction

Digital bit shift

Hardware trigger

Software trigger

Trigger modes

Quad

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

17.05/21.3 fps

?

60dB

1/125000 to1/2.5 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

B6640

6600/6576(H) x 4408/4384(V)

36.30/36.17(H) X

24.24/24.11(V)

5.50 μm

Digital, 8/10/12/14 bit

Quad

30.000/40.000 MHz

Base CL/GEV

3.5/4.7 fps

26 fps

60dB

1/125000 to1/2.5 up to 200 us

0 to 36 dB per output

0.035 dB/step, 1024 steps

(-3.0, 0.0, +3.0, +6.0) dB

1024 levels per output

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

1.0x to 3.0x (0.1x step)

-511 to + 511

Yes, with AOI

Eight Independent AOIs

2 LUTs: Gamma, User LUT

Yes, User FFC

7 bits, Left or Right

Asynchronous

Asynchronous, frame-grabber Asynchronous, frame-grabber

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Standard, Double, Fast, Async,

Frame integration

Trigger features

Camera Image Memory

Size (W x H x L) - CL

Size (W x H x L) - GigE

Weight - CL/GigE

Min. illumination

Lens Mount

Power consumption

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

Rising/Falling edge, De-glitch,

Delay, Strobe

TBD-DSP up to 2G

60x60x45 mm

60x60x68 mm

319 /400g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

60x60x45 mm

60x60x68 mm

319 /400g

1.0 Lux, f=1.4

F mount,35mm format CCD F mount,35mm format CCD

3.6 W / 6.1 W 3.6 W / 6.1 W

Table 1.1i – B6640,B3340 Quad Camera Specifications

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1.4 CAMERA CONNECTIVITY

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

1.4.1 Camera Link Output

The interface between the BOBCAT-CL camera and outside equipment is done via 3 connectors and one LED, located on the back panel of the camera – Figure 1.4.

1. Camera output – standard base Camera Link Mini provides data, sync, control, serial interface and PoCL power.

2. 12-pin Power Connector – provides power and I/O interface.

3. USB type B programming/SPI connector.

4. Status LED – indicates the status of the camera – refer to Status LED section.

5. Serial Number – shows camera model and serial number.

Figure 1.4 – Camera back panel – camera link output

Camera data output is compliant with base Camera Link standard and includes

12VDC Power over camera Link (PoCL), 4 W max, 24 data bits, 4 sync signals

(LVAL, FVAL, DVAL and User Out), 1 reference clock, 2 external inputs CC1,

CC2 and a bi-directional serial interface. The camera link output connector is shown in Figure 1.5a, and the corresponding signal mapping in Table 1.2.

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

1

26

14

Figure 1.5a – Camera output connector

Cable Name Pin CL Signal Type

- PAIR 6

- PAIR 7

+ PAIR 7

- PAIR 8

+ PAIR 8

+ PAIR 9

- PAIR 9

- PAIR 10

+ PAIR 10

+ PAIR 11

- PAIR 11

Base Wire

Base Wire

Base Wire

Base Wire

- PAIR 1

+ PAIR 1

- PAIR 2

+ PAIR 2

- PAIR 3

+ PAIR 3

- PAIR 4

+ PAIR 4

- PAIR 5

+ PAIR 5

+ PAIR 6

Description

3

16

4

17

1

14

2

15

5

18

6

19

7

12 VDC Power Power

Power Return Ground

- X 0

+ X 0

PoCL Power

PoCL Power

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

- X 1

+ X 1

- X 2

+ X 2

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

- X CLK LVDS - Out Camera Link Clock Tx

+ X CLK LVDS - Out Camera Link Clock Tx

- X 3 LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

+ X 3 LVDS - Out Camera Link Channel Tx

+ SerTC LVDS - In Serial Data Receiver

20

8

21

9

- SerTC

- SerTFG

LVDS - In Serial Data Receiver

LVDS - Out Serial Data Transmitter

+ SerTFG LVDS - Out Serial Data Transmitter

- CC 1 LVDS - In User Selectable Input

22

10

23

11

24

12

25

+ CC 1 LVDS - In User Selectable Input

+ CC2

LVDS - In

User Selectable Input

- CC2

LVDS - In

User Selectable Input

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

13

Power Return Ground

26

12 VDC Power Power

PoCL Power

PoCL Power

Table 1.2 – Camera Output Connector – Signal Mapping

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The bit assignment corresponding to the base configuration is shown in the following table.

Port Port/bit

DATA 0 Port A0

DATA 1

DATA 2

DATA 3

DATA 4

DATA 5

DATA 6

DATA 7

Port A1

Port A2

Port A3

Port A4

Port A5

Port A6

Port A7

DATA 8

DATA 9

DATA 10

Port B0

Port B1

Port B2

DATA 11

DATA 12

DATA 13

DATA 14

DATA 15

DATA 16

DATA 17

DATA 18

DATA 19

DATA 20

DATA 21

DATA 22

DATA 23

ENABLE 0

ENABLE 1

ENABLE 2

ENABLE 3

CONTROL 0

CONTROL 1

CONTROL 2

CONTROL 3

CC 1

CC 2

N/C

N/C

Port B3

Port B4

Port B5

Port B6

Port B7

Port C0

Port C1

Port C2

Port C3

Port C4

Port C5

Port C6

Port C7

LVAL

FVAL

DVAL

User Out

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

LVAL

FVAL

DVAL

User Out

8-bits

Tap 1, 2

A0

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

B0

B1

B2

CC 1

CC 2

N/C

N/C

B8

B9

N/C

N/C

B0

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

LVAL

FVAL

DVAL

User Out

CC 1

CC 2

N/C

N/C

10-bits

Tap 1, 2

A0

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A9

N/C

N/C

12-bits

Tap 1, 2

A0

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A9

A10

A11

B8

B9

B10

A11

A12

A13

N/C

B11

B0

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

B7

LVAL

FVAL

DVAL DVAL

User Out User Out

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

N/C

LVAL

FVAL

14-bits

Tap 1

A0

A1

A2

A3

A4

A5

A6

A7

A8

A9

A10

CC 1

CC 2

N/C

N/C

CC 1

CC 2

N/C

N/C

Table 1.3 – Base Camera Link bit assignment

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The power and all external input/output signals are supplied to the camera via the camera power connector shown in Figure 1.4a. The corresponding pin mapping is shown in Table 1.4b. The connector is a HIROSE type miniature locking receptacle

#HR10A-10R-12P.

Figure 1.4a – Camera power connector

(Viewed from rear)

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Pin

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

Signal Type

12 VDC Return Ground Return

+ 12 VDC Power - Input

IRIS VCC

IRIS Video

Power - Input

Analog Output

IRIS Return Ground Return

GP OUT Return Ground Return

GP OUT 1

GP IN 1

GP IN 2

TTL OUT 1

TTL/LVTTL IN 1

TTL/LVTTL IN 2

GP IN Return Ground Return

GPIO LVTTL IN/OUT

GP OUT 2 TTL OUT 2

Description

12 VDC Main Power Return

+ 12 VDC Main Power

12 V Iris Power

Iris Video Output

12 VDC Iris Power Return

General Purpose Outputs Return

General Purpose Output 1

General Purpose Input 1

General Purpose Input 2

General Purpose Inputs Return

Reserved for custom GPIO

General Purpose Output 2

Table 1.4b – Camera Power Connector Pin Mapping

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The camera power cable (sold separately) terminates in a HIROSE plug #HR10A-

10P-12S, and has two small BNC pig-tail cables for the external trigger input (black) and strobe output (white). The corresponding BNC connector pin mapping is shown on Table 1.5a.

Pin

Case

Signal

Case

Signal

Signal Cable color

In 1 Return

BNC Black

In 1 Active

Out 1 Return

Out 1 Active

BNC White

Description

User Selectable Input 1 Return

User Selectable Input 1 Signal

User Selectable Out 1 Return

User Selectable Out 1 Signal

Table 1.5a – BNC Connectors Pin Mapping

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1.4.2 GigE Output

The interface between the GEV camera and outside equipment is done via 2 connectors and one LED, located on the back panel of the camera – Figure 1.6.

1. Camera output – standard RJ-45 provides data, sync, control, and serial interface.

2. 12-pin Power Connector – provides power and I/O interface.

3. Status LED – indicates the status of the camera – refer to Status LED section.

4. Serial Number – shows camera model and serial number.

Figure 1.6 – Camera back panel –GigE output

The Camera data along with the serial communication and triggering signals are serialized and continuously transmitted over the Gigabit Ethernet interface at GigE‟s full 1-Gb/s line rate, while delivering consistently low, predictable latencies. The network interface is compatible with IP/Ethernet networks operating at 1000 Mb/s using standard LAN CAT-5 (CAT-5e) cables.

The power and all external input/output signals are supplied to the camera via the camera power connector shown in Figure 1.5b. The corresponding pin mapping is shown in Table 1.4a. The connector is a HIROSE type miniature locking receptacle

#HR10A-10R-12P. The power supply is shipped with a power cable which

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual terminates in a HIROSE plug #HR10A-10P-12S, and has two small BNC pig-tail cables for the external trigger input (black) and strobe output (white). The corresponding BNC connector pin mapping is shown on Table 1.4b.

1.4.3 Power Supply

The camera Link version of the camera is compatible with power over camera Link

– PoCL, with a maximum power of 4 W.

If PoCL is not available, a universal desktop power supply adapter, providing +12

VDC, ± 10%, and up to 2.5A constant DC current, is available (for additional price) from Imperx for the BOBCAT cameras. The operating input voltage ranges from 90 to 240 VAC.

CAUTION NOTE

1. It is strongly recommended that you do not use an adapter other than the one that is available from Imperx for the camera!

2. The PoCL current is limited to 333 mA. The cameras are PoCL compatible in normal camera operation – free running with full image. In some modes such as vertical binning x4 and x8 and in AOI (with keep frame rate disabled), when the vertical height is less than 100 lines, the camera current can exceed 333 mA.

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1.5 MECHANICAL, OPTICAL and ENVIRONMENTAL

1.5.1 Mechanical

The camera housing is manufactured using high quality zinc-aluminum alloy and anodized aluminum. For maximum flexibility the camera has twelve (12)

M3X0.5mm mounting, located towards the front and the back. An additional plate with ¼-20 UNC (tripod mount) and hardware is shipped with each camera. Figure

1.7a, 1.8a show the C-Mount camera link cameras and Figure 1.7b, 1.8b – C-Mount

GEV cameras respectively. All dimensions are in millimeters.

Figure 1.7a – C-mount camera link cameras.

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Figure 1.7b – C-mount GEV cameras.

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C

– Mount Camera Link Output

Figure 1.8a – C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B0610, B0620,

B1310, B1410, B1411, B1610, B2510, and B2520.

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C

– Mount Camera Link Output

Figure 1.8b – C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B1620 and ICL-B1920.

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C

– Mount Camera Link (CL) Output

Figure 1.8ba – C-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B1020, B1320,

B1621, B1921, B1922, and B2320.

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F

– Mount Camera Link Output

Figure 1.8c – F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B2020,

ICL-B4020 and ICL-B4820.

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F

–Mount Camera Link (CL) Output

Figure 1.8ca – F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B3320,

ICL-B4821 and ICL-B6620.

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F

–Mount Camera Link (CL) Output

Figure 1.8cb – F-mount camera link output – dimensional drawings for ICL-B3340, and ICL-B6640.

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F

–Mount Camera Link (CL) Output

Figure 1.8cc – F-mount camera link output – with external heatsink dimensional drawings for

ICL-B3340, and ICL-B6640

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C

– Mount GigE Vision (GEV) Output

Figure 1.8d – C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B0610,

IGV-B0620, IGV-B1410, IGV-B1610, B2510, and B2520.

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C

– Mount GigE Vision (GEV) Output

Figure 1.8e – C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B1620, and IGV-B1920.

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C

– Mount GigE Vision (GEV) Output

Figure 1.8ea – C-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B1020, B1320,

B1621, B1921, B1922, and B2320.

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F

– Mount GigE Vision (GEV) Output

Figure 1.8f – F-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B2020,

IGV-B4020 and IGV-B4820.

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F

– Mount GigE Vision (GEV) Output

Figure 1.8fa – F-mount GigE vision output – dimensional drawings for IGV-B3320,

IGV-B4821 and IGV-B6620.

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Figure 1.8g – Small Bobcat mounting plate using ¼ in 20 thread.

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Figure 1.8ga – Big Bobcat mounting plate using ¼ in 20 thread.

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1.5.2 Optical

The smaller body BOBCAT cameras (45 x 45) mm cross-section come with an adapter for C-mount lenses, which have a 17.52 mm back focal distance – Figure

1.9a and Figure 1.9b. An F-mount lens can be used with a C-mount camera via an Fmount to C-mount adapter, which can be purchased separately – refer to the Imperx web site for more information. The bigger body BOBCAT cameras (60 x 60) mm cross-section come with an adapter for F-mount lenses, which have a 46.50 mm back focal distance – Figure 1.9c. The camera performance and signal to noise ratio depends on the illumination (amount of light) reaching the sensor and the exposure time. Always try to balance these two factors. Unnecessarily long exposure will increase the amount of noise and thus decrease the signal to noise ratio.

The cameras are very sensitive in the IR spectral region. All color cameras have and

IR cut-off filter installed. The monochrome cameras are without IR filter. If necessary, an IR filter (1 mm thickness or less) can be inserted under the front lens bezel.

CAUTION NOTE

1. Avoid direct exposure to a high intensity light source (such as a laser beam).

This may damage the camera optical sensor!

2. Avoid foreign particles on the surface of the imager.

1.5.3 Environmental

The camera is designed to operate from -30

0

to 60

0

C in a dry environment. The relative humidity should not exceed 80% non-condensing. Always keep the camera as cool as possible. Always allow sufficient time for temperature equalization, if the camera was kept below 0

0

C!

The camera should be stored in a dry environment with the temperature ranging from -50

0

to + 70

0

C.

CAUTION NOTE

1. Avoid direct exposure to moisture and liquids. The camera housing is not hermetically sealed and any exposure to liquids may damage the camera electronics!

2. Avoid operating in an environment without any air circulation, in close proximity to an intensive heat source, strong magnetic or electric fields.

3. Avoid touching or cleaning the front surface of the optical sensor. If the sensor needs to be cleaned, use soft lint free cloth and an optical cleaning fluid. Do not use methylated alcohol!

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Figure 1.9a – Optical plane position for B0610 (KAI-0340), B0620 (KAI-0340), B1410

(ICX-285), B1610 (ICX-274), B2510 (ICX-655), and B2520 (ICX-625) cameras.

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Figure 1.9b – Optical plane position for B1620 (KAI-2020) and B1920 (KAI-2093) cameras.

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Figure 1.9c – Optical plane position for B2020 (KAI-04022), B4020 (KAI-11002), and

B4820 (KAI-16000) cameras.

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Figure 1.9d – Optical plane position for B1020 (KAI-01050, B1621 (02050), B1921 (02150)

B1922 (ICX-674), and B2320 (04050) cameras.

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Figure 1.9e – Optical plane position (in mm) for B3320 (KAI- 08050).

Figure 1.9f – Optical plane position (mm) for B4821(KAI-16050) and B6620 (KAI-29050).

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Chapter 2

– Camera Features

Camera Features

This chapter discusses the camera‟s features and their use.

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2.1 IMAGE RESOLUTION

The image resolution is determined by the number of pixels per line and number of lines per frame. The image is framed by two signals LVAL, enveloping the valid pixels in a line, and

FVAL – enveloping the valid lines in a frame. The camera offers two independently selectable LVAL and FVAL sizes. The first LVAL value envelops all visible pixels in a line

(active pixels plus buffer pixels) and the second – only the active pixels. Respectively, the first FVAL envelops all visible lines in a frame (active lines and buffer lines), and the second – only the active lines. The camera speed (Frames per Second) is the same for both image size selections. Typically, the pixels outside of LVAL and FVAL (primarily dark pixels and lines) are masked with zeros, but in BOBCAT, the user has an option to mask or not to mask these pixels or lines. Refer to section “BOBCAT Configuration” for more information.

Camera models B0610, B1410and B1610 are available only with a single output. B2520 is available only with dual output. The rest of the models are available in single or dual, In some camera models a high readout mode is available as described below.

2.1.1 Normal Mode

– Single Output

When operating in the single output mode, all pixels are shifted out of the HCCD register towards the left video amplifier – Video L (Figure 2.1). The resulting image has a normal orientation.

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Figure 2.1 – Single output mode of operation.

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2.1.2 Normal Mode

– Dual Output

When operating in a dual output mode, the image is split in two equal parts, each side consisting of half of the horizontal pixels and the full vertical lines. The first

(left) half of the pixels are shifted out of the HCCD register towards the left video amplifier – Video L, while the second (right) half of the pixels are shifted towards the right video amplifier – Video R (Figure 2.2). In the horizontal direction the first half of the image appears normal and the second half is left/right mirrored. The camera reconstructs the image by flipping the mirrored portion and rearranging the pixels. Dual output is the default factory mode of operation – refer to the

Configuration Memory section. The image resolutions for different cameras are shown in Table 2.1, and a frame rates – in Table 2.2.

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Figure 2.2 – Dual output mode of operation.

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2.1.3 Normal Mode

– Quad Output

When operating in a quad output mode, the image is split into four equal quadrants, each quadrant consisting of half of the horizontal pixels and half the vertical lines. In the first quadrant (bottom left), half of the pixels are shifted out of the HCCD register towards the bottom left video amplifier – VOUTa, while the remaining quadrants are shifted towards their respective video amplifiers – VOUTb,VOUTc, and VOUTd (Figure 2.3). In the horizontal direction the left side quadrants appear normal and the right side quadrants are left/right mirrored. In the vertical direction the top two quadrants appear normal and the bottom two quadrants are vertically mirrored. The camera reconstructs the image by flipping the mirrored quadrants and rearranging the pixels. Quad output is the only mode of operation for the quad cameras – refer to the Configuration Memory section. The image resolutions for the quad cameras are shown in Table 2.1, and a frame rates – in Table 2.3.

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Figure 2.3 – Quad output operation.

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2.1.4 Center Mode

A. B0610 and B0620 Models

The „center columns‟ output mode is available in the B0610 and B0620 camera models. In this mode the image field a reduced number of horizontal pixels located in the center of the imager – Figure 2.3. When operating in a single output mode, all pixels are shifted out of the HCCD register towards the left video amplifier – Video

L (Figure 2.4). The resulting image has a normal orientation. When operating in a dual output mode, the image is split in two equal parts, and full vertical lines. The first (left) half of the pixels are shifted out of the HCCD register towards the left video amplifier – Video L, while the second (right) half of the pixels is shifted towards the right video amplifier – Video R (Figure 2.5). In the horizontal direction the first half of the image appears normal and the second half is left/right mirrored.

The camera reconstructs the image by flipping the mirrored portion and rearranging the pixels. The image resolutions for different cameras are shown in Table 2.1, and a frame rates – in Table 2.2.

CAUTION NOTE

1. Only 1x, 2x Vertical and 1x, 2x Horizontal binning can be performed when

Center mode is used for B0610 and B0620. No Fast Dump support if 2x Vertical binning is enabled.

2. When Center mode is enabled, the maximum number of lines is 480.

3. Due to image artifacts B0620, in the Center mode the image is reduced to 224 pixels.

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Figure 2.4 – Center columns output mode of operation.

B. B1320, B1410, B1411, B1610 and B2520 Models

To achieve a higher frame rate B1320, B1410, B1411, B1610 and B2520 camera models can provide a fast readout, where every the image is sub-sampled – 2 out of

8 lines/pixels are read out of the CCD – Figure 2.6. The image resolutions for different cameras are shown in table 2.1a, and a frame rates – in Table 2.2.

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Figure 2.4 – Center columns output in dual mode of operation.

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Figure 2.5 – Center columns output in dual tap mode.

CAUTION NOTE

1. Vertical and horizontal binning cannot be performed when the Center mode is used for B1410, B1610 and B2520.

2. Currently there is no support for center mode for B2520. Please contact Imperx if you need this feature enabled.

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Figure 2.6 – Sub-sampled CCD output.

(a – B1410, b – B1610, c – B2520)

Camera

B0610

B0620

B1410

B1610

B1620

B1920

B2020

B2520

B4020

B4820

B6620

B6640

Normal Mode Center Mode

Effective Image Active Image Active Image

648 x 488

648 x 488

1392 x 1040

1628 x 1236

1608 x 1208

1928 x 1084

2056 x 2060

2456 x 2058

4032 x 2688

4904 x 3280

6600 x 4408

6600 x 4408

640 x 480

4872 x 3248

6576 x 4384

6576 x 4384

228 x 488/480

640 x 480 224 x 488/480

1360 x 1024 348/340 x 259/256

1620 x 1220 407/405 x 309/305

1600 x 1200

1920 x 1080

N/A

N/A

2048 x 2048 N/A

2448 x 2050 Not implemented

4008 x 2672 N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Output

Single

Single, Dual

Single

Single

Singe, Dual

Single, Dual

Single, Dual

Dual

Single, Dual

Single, Dual

Single, Dual

Quad

Table 2.1 – Image resolutions for different modes

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2.2 FRAME TIME CONTROL

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2.2.1 Internal Line and Frame Time Control

The camera speed (frame rate) depends on the CCD “read-out” time – the time necessary to read all the pixels out of the CCD imager. The frame rate can be calculated using the following Formula 1.1:

Frame rate [fps] = 1 / read-out time [sec] (1.1)

The user can program the camera to run slower than the nominal speed preserving the camera full resolution. The user can independently extend the camera line time

(the time required to read one line out of the CCD imager) and camera frame time

(the time required to read the entire frame out of the CCD imager). The camera line time can be extended to ~ 200 us, with a precision ~ 25 ns. The camera frame time can be extended to ~ 16 sec, with a precision of ~ 1.0us. Please refer to

“EXPOSURE CONTROL” section for more information.

CAUTION NOTE

It is not recommended to use the Programmable Line Time feature when Vertical

Binning higher than 2x is used!

2.2.2 Camera Speed Control

BOBCAT camera series provides a unique way to control and increase the camera nominal (free-running) speed. The user can select (Slow) or (Fast) camera speed.

The “Slow” speed is the camera nominal frame rate as determined by the CCD manufacturer. Since BOBCAT internal design is optimized for higher clock rates, it is possible to over-clock the camera (use an internal clock higher than the recommended one), which will result in higher (~ 20%) frame rate. Special measures have been taken in order to preserve the camera performance when over-clock mode is used. The possible frame rates are shown in Table 2.2, where the camera speed is the shown in [FPS)]. The first number represents the “Slow” speed, and the second –

“Fast” speed.

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camera

B0610

B0620

B1020

B1310

B1320

B1410

B1411

B1610

B1620

B1621

B1920

B1921

B1922

B2020

B2320

B2510

B2520

B3320

B4020

B4820

B4821

B6620

Normal Mode

Single Out

110/137 fps

110/137 fps

32/40 fps

26/39 fps

36/45 fps

23/30 fps

23/30 fps

17/25 fps

19/23 fps

18/22 fps

17/22 fps

17/21 fps

17/21 fps

8.6/10.8 fps

8.7/10.8 fps

6/8 fps

N/A

4.4/5.6 fps

2.6/3.4 fps

1.7/2.3 fps

1.6/1.9 fps

1/1.2 fps

Dual Out

N/A

208/260 fps

60/74

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

35/44 fps

34/42 fps

33/41 fps

31/39 fps

20/27 fps

16.3/20.4 fps

16.4/20.6 fps

N/A

11/16 fps

8.5/10.6 fps

4.8/6.5 fps

3.2/4.3 fps

3.1/4.2 fps

1.8/2.4 fps

Center Mode

Single Out

293 fps

293/366 fps

N/A

N/A

68/85 fps

67/80 fps

74/90 fps

53/74 fps

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Dual Out

N/A

539/674 fps

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Table 2.2 – Frame rates for different modes

Camera

B3340

B6640

Quad Output

17.05/21.3 fps

3.5/4.7 fps

Table 2.3 – Frame rates for quad output cameras

CAUTION NOTE

1. Changing the camera speed involves changing the output data clock frequency. Not all frame-grabbers can automatically adapt to the new data clock. To prevent any loss of data or synchronization, it is recommended to stop or pause the data acquisition prior to changing the camera speed.

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2.2.3 External Line and Frame Time Control

The camera speed (frame rate) can be controlled using external sync pulses. The camera line time can be slaved to an external H-Sync pulse, and the camera frame time can be slaved to an external V-Sync pulse. The camera can be slaved to one or both pulses. The H-Sync and V-Sync has to be mapped to corresponding camera input. For more information, please refer to the I/O Control section.

2.3 AREA OF INTEREST

2.3.1 Horizontal and Vertical Window

For some applications the user may not need the entire image, but only a portion of it. To accommodate this requirement BOBCAT provides total of 8 (eight) Horizontal and Vertical Areas of Interest (AOI) – one Master, 6 Slave and one Processing. The starting and ending point for each AOI can be set independently in horizontal direction (Horizontal Window) and vertical direction (Vertical Window), by setting the window (H & V) offset and (H & V) size – Figure 2.7. The minimum window size is one pixel/line for single mode and two pixels/lines for dual mode. The maximum horizontal window size (H) and the vertical window size (V) are determined by image full resolution as shown in Table 2.1, and the selected size of

LVAL and FVAL.

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Figure 2.7 – Horizontal and vertical window positioning.

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A. Master AOI (MAOI)

The MAOI can be set to preserve or to change the camera frame rate. When the user wants to preserve the camera frame rate the MAOI settings will control only the image H & V dimensions. When the user wants to take advantage of the reduced vertical image size and increase the camera frame rate, the image maximum camera speed will be determined by the V size of this MAOI. The image resolution will reflect the MAOI H & V settings.

B. Slave AOIs

AOI1 to AOI6 are assigned as slave AOIs and they MUST be selected so they are completely inside MAOI. All slave AOIs can be set independently with no restrictions for overlapping and order – Figure 2.8. In addition, each AOI can be included or excluded from the MAOI. In figure 2.8 AOI2 to AOI6 are included in

MAOI and AOI1 is excluded. The slave AOIs can be enabled in random order and based on include/exclude selection can be inside each other.

Figure 2.8 – Slave AOIs.

C. Processing AOI (PAOI)

All AOIs are functionally equal except PAOI. PAOI can be enabled as LUT or image processing Region of Interest (ROI). When enabled as LUT ROI, the LUT function will apply only to the selected ROI, all data outside of the region will not be processed with the LUT function. When enabled as processing ROI, the selected processing function will apply only to the selected ROI, all data outside of the region will not be processed with the selected function – Figure 2.9.

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Figure 2.9 – PAOI enabled as processing ROI.

(All data within the selected ROI are processed with “One Point Correction”, all data outside of the ROI are not processed)

CAUTION NOTE

1. If the user needs to enable AOI1 to AOI6 MAOI

MUST

be enabled.

2. To qualify the selected pixels/lines MAOI uses DVAL, where DVAL is high within the selected MAOI. The frame-grabber horizontal and vertical resolutions must be adjusted for each window size.

3. When MAOI is enabled the “Number of Lines” selection is disabled. To change the “Number of Lines”, please disable MAOI first, change the “Number of

Lines” and them enable MAOI again.

4. Horizontal and vertical windows can be enabled in all camera modes, including

H & V binning. Refer to binning section for more information.

5. The size of the horizontal window does not affect the camera frame rate, the vertical window does, but only if “Keep Frame Rate” is not enabled.

6. For dual tap mode of operation the horizontal Offset and Width must be even number.

7. For B1920 the minimum “Horizontal Offset” is

10

pixels when “Constant Frame

Rate” is disabled, and

0

pixels when “Constant Frame Rate” is enabled.

8. Positioning the horizontal and vertical window size outside the maximum image window will result in an error.

9. Color version users – when MAOI is enabled, for proper color reconstruction and WB „Offset X‟ and „Offset Y‟ must be an even number.

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2.3.2 Calculating the Frame Rate using Vertical Window

20 00

18 00

When camera frame rate changes with the size of the vertical window, the resulting frame rate (FR) for each camera is shown on figure 2.10a – 2.10fg. The camera uses an adaptive algorithm for the frame rate change, so it is difficult to put a simple formula for the frame rate calculation. The camera will calculate and display the actual frame rate at any vertical window selection.

B0610 FRAME RAT E

20 0

. . . . .

Norm al wi ndow, norm al

- . - . -

Norm al wi ndow, norm al cl ock

--------

Center wi ndow, sl ow cl ock

- - - - -

Center wi ndow, fast cl ock

18 0

16 00

16 0

14 00

14 0

12 00

12 0

10 00

10 0

80 0

80

60 0

60

40 0

20 0

40

0

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50 10 0 15 0 20 0 25 0

Active L in es

30 0 35 0 40 0

Figure 2.10.1a – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B0610

45 0

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20

0

B1410 FRAME RAT E

20 0 40 0

Active L in es

60 0 80 0 10 00

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

B0620 FRAME RATE

18 00

16 00

14 00

12 00

22 00

20 00

10 00

80 0

60 0

40 0

Dual Output

. . . . .

Normal window, normal

- . - . -

Normal window, fast clock

--------

Center window, normal clock

- - - - -

Center window, fast clock

20 0

50 10 0 15 0 20 0 25 0

Active Lin es

30 0 35 0 40 0 45 0

Figure 2.10.1b – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B0620

This figure shows the speed in dual output only. The speed in single output is identical to

B0610 – Figure 2.10a.

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Figure 2.10.1c – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1020

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Figure 2.10.1d – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1310

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Figure 2.10.1e – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1320

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B1410 FRAME RATE

20 0

B0610 FRAME RATE

20 00

18 00

18 0

-----

Normal clock

- - -

Fast clock

16 00

14 00

16 0

14 0

12 00

12 0

10 00

80 0

10 0

80

60 0

60

40 0

20 0

40

0

50 10 0 15 0 20 0 25 0

Active Lin es

30 0 35 0 40 0 45 0

20

0

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20 0 40 0

Active Lin es

60 0 80 0

Figure 2.10.1f – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1410

10 00

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Figure 2.10.1g – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1411

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18 0

16 0

14 0

12 0

22 0

20 0

10 0

80

60

40

B1610 FRAME RATE

-----

Normal clock

- - -

Fast clock

20

0 20 0 40 0 80 0 10 00 12 00 60 0

Active Lin es

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Figure 2.10.1h – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1610

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B2520 FRAME RAT E

60

55

50

45

40

35

30

25

20

15

10

0 20 0 40 0 60 0 80 0 10 00

Active Lin es

12 00 14 00 16 00 18 00 20 00

35 0

30 0

25 0

20 0

15 0

10 0

50

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

B1620 FRAME RAT E

-----

dual output normal clock

- - -

single output normal clock

-.-.-

dual output f ast clock

- - -

single output f ast clock

0

20 0 40 0 60 0

Active Lin es

80 0 10 00 12 00

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Figure 2.10.1i – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1620

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Figure 2.10.1j – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1621

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B1920 FRAME RAT E

14 0

13 0

12 0

11 0

10 0

90

80

50

40

30

20

70

60

-----

dual output normal clock

- - -

single output normal clock

-.-.-

dual output f ast clock

- - -

single output f ast clock

10

20 0 40 0 60 0

Active L in es

80 0 10 00

Figure 2.10.1k – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1920

CAUTION NOTE

The CCD used in B1920 (KAI-2093) natively does not support increase frame rate with reduced vertical frame size. Due to this, in some bright light scenes, blooming is possible. If blooming occurs, please reduce the light by closing the lens or introduce an ND filter.

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Figure 2.10.1l – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1921

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Figure 2.11.1m – Frame rate vs. Vertical window size for B1922

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Figure 2.12.1n – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2510

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60

55

50

45

40

35

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B2520 FRAME RAT E

-----

Normal

clock

- - -

Fast clock

35 0

30 0

25 0

20 0

30

25

20

15

15 0

10 0

10

0

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20 0 40 0 60 0 80 0 10 00

Active Lin es

12 00 14 00 16 00 18 00

Figure 2.10.1o – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2520

20 00

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50

0

B1620 FRAME RAT E

20 0 40 0 60 0

Active Lin es

80 0 10 00 12 00

16 0

14 0

12 0

10 0

80

60

40

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

B2020 FRAME RAT E

-----

dual output normal clock

- - -

single output normal clock

-.-.-

dual output f ast clock

- - -

single output f ast clock

20

0

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20 0 40 0 60 0 80 0 10 00

Active Lin es

12 00 14 00 16 00 18 00

Figure 2.10.1p – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2020

20 00

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Figure 2.10.1q – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B2320

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Figure 2.10.1r – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B3320

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Figure 2.10.1s – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B3340

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40

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

B4020 FRAME RAT E

-----

- - -

-.-.-

- - -

dual output normal clock single output normal clock

dual output f ast clock

single output f ast clock

0

50 0 10 00 15 00

Active Lin es

20 00 25 00

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Figure 2.10.1t – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4020.

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24

22

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B4820 FRAME RAT E

-----

dual output normal clock

- - -

single output normal clock

-.-.-

dual output f ast clock

- - -

single output f ast clock

16

14

12

10

20

18

8

6

4

2

0

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50 0 10 00 15 00

Active Lin es

20 00 25 00 30 00

Figure 2.10.1u – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4820.

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Figure 2.10.1v – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B4821.

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Figure 2.10.1w – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B6620.

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Figure 2.10.1x – Frame rate vs. vertical window size for B6640.

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BINNING

Horizontal binning combines adjacent pixels in horizontal directions to effectively create larger pixels and less resolution. BOBCAT supports 4 binning modes 2x, 3x, 4x and 8x. In

2:1 horizontal binning mode, two adjacent pixels in each line are summed together (in the horizontal direction), for example, pixels 1+2, 3+4, 5+6, in each line are summed together.

Horizontal binning does not affect the frame rate. It does, however, reduce the horizontal resolution by a factor of 2. This occurs because when binning two pixels together, only half of the pixels per line remain. Horizontal binning 2:1 is equivalent to 2:1 sub-sampling in the horizontal direction. The same rule applies for higher binning modes. In horizontal binning mode, the entire image is captured and displayed, which is different than horizontal windowing, where only a portion of the image is captured and displayed.

Vertical binning is a readout mode of progressive scan CCD image sensors where several image lines are clocked simultaneously into the horizontal CCD register before being read out. This results in summing the charges of adjacent pixels (in the vertical direction) from two lines. BOBCAT supports 4 binning modes 2x, 3x, 4x, and 8x. In 2:1 binning for example, the corresponding pixels in every two lines (1+2, 3+4, 5+6 …) are summed together. Vertical binning reduces the vertical resolution by a factor of 2, and almost doubles the frame rate. This occurs because when binning two lines together, only half of the lines need to be read out. Vertical binning 2:1 is equivalent to 2:1 sub-sampling in the vertical direction. The same rule applies for higher binning modes. In vertical binning the entire image is captured and displayed, which is different than vertical windowing, where only a portion of the image is captured and displayed.

Horizontal and Vertical binning can be used simultaneously – Figure 2.11. Horizontal and vertical binning can work simultaneously with AOI. The corresponding image sizes and frame rates for different binning modes are shown in Table 2.3a, Table 2.3b and Table 2.3c.

H size” shows the image size for different LVAL selections, “V size” shows the image size for different FVAL selections, “Speed” shows the camera speed for slow and fast speed modes. The speed difference is shown for the bigger LVAL/FVAL value.

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Figure 2.11 – 2:2 Horizontal and vertical binning

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Camera

2:1 H Binning 3:1 H Binning 4:1 H Binning 8:1 H Binning

H Size Speed H Size Speed H Size Speed H Size Speed

B0610 324/320 110/137 216/213 110/137 162/160 110/137 81/80 110/137

B0620 324/320 207/259 216/212 207/259 162/160 207/259 80/80 207/259

B1020 516/512 60/74 344/341 60/74 258/256 60/74 129/128 60/74

B1310 648/640 26/39 432/426 36/39 324/320 26/39 162/160 26/39

B1320 656/640 68/85 437/426 68/85 328/320 68/85 164/160 68/85

B1410 696/680 24/31 464/453 24/31 348/340 24/31 174/170 24/31

B1411 696/680 24/31 464/453 24/31 348/340 24/31 174/170 24/31

B1610 810/814 17/25 542/540 17/25 405/407 17/25 202/203 17/25

B1620 804/800 35/44 536/532 35/44 402/400 35/44 200/200 35/44

B1621 816/800 34/42 544/532 34/42 408/400 34/42 204/200 34/42

B1920 960 33/41 640 33/41 480 33/41 240 33/41

B1921 976/960 32/40 650/640 32/40 488/480 32/40 244/240 32/40

B1922 970/966 20/27 646/644 20/27 484/482 20/27 242/240 20/27

B2020 1028/1024 16/20 686/682 16/20 514/512 16/20 256/256 16/20

B2320 1176/1168 16/20 784/778 16/20 588/584 16/20 292/294 16/20

B2510 1228/1224 6.5/9.6 818/816 6.5/9.6 614/612 6.5/9.6 306/306 11/16

B2520 1228/1224 11/16 818/816 11/16 614/612 11/16 306/306 11/16

B3320 1656/1648 9/11 1104/1098 9/11 828/824 9/11 414/412 9/11

B3340 1656/1648 17/21 1104/1098 17/21 828/824 17/21 414/412 17/21

B4020 2016/2004 4.8/6.5 1344/1336 4.8/6.5 1008/1002 4.8/6.5 504/500 4.8/6.5

B4820 2452/2436 3.2/4.3 1634/1624 3.2/4.3 1226/1218 3.2/4.3 612/608 3.2/4.3

B4821 2460/2448 3.1/4.2 1640/1632 3.1/4.2 1230/1224 3.1/4.2 614/612 3.1/4.2

B6620 3300/3288 1.8/2.4 2200/2192 1.8/2.4 1650/1644 1.8/2.4 822/824 1.8/2.4

B6640 3300/3288 3.5/4.7 2200/2192 3.5/4.7 1650/1644 3.5/4.7 822/824 3.5/4.7

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Table 2.4a – Image sizes and frame rates for different H binning modes

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Camera

1:2 V Binning

V Size

1:3 V Binning 1:4 V Binning 1:8 V Binning

Speed V Size Speed V Size Speed V Size Speed

B0610

B0620

B1020

B1310

B1320

B1410

B1411

B1610

224/220 210/263 162/160 301/376 122/120 390/486 61/60 676/846

244/240 376/470 162/160 526/646 122/120 658/794 61/60 972/1215

516/512 100/125 344/341 129/161 258/256 151/188 129/128 202/253

483/480 46/68 322/320 63/90 241/240 77/107 120/120 115/152

364/360 116/145 242/240 153/191 182/180 180/225 91/90 248/310

520/512

520/512

618/610

41/52 346/341 55/68 260/256 67/82 130/128 99/115

42/54 346/341 58/72 260/256 71/87 130/128 112/131

30/45 412/410 42/61 309/305 53/74 154/152 82/110

B1620

B1621

B1920

B1921

604/600

616/600

540

556/540

62/77 402/400 84/105 302/300 102/128 151/150 150/188

57/72

59/74

94/97

360

75/94 308/300 89/111 154/150 122/153

81/101 270 99/124 135 150/187

55/68 370/360 72/90 278/270 86/107 139/135 120/150

B1922 730/726 33/45 486/484 43/58 365/363 50/67 182/181 67/90

B2020 1030/1024 29/37 686/682 41/51 515/512 50/62 257/256 77/96

B2320 884/876 28/36 589/584 38/47 442/438 45/56 219/221 63/79

B2510 1029/1025 12/16.5 686/683 16/22 514/512 19/26 257/256 29/35

B2520 1029/1025 19/25 686/683 24/31 516/515 28/35 257/256 38/43

B3320 1244/1236 15/19 829/824 20/25 618/622 24/31 311/309 35/44

B3340 1244/1236 30/37 N/A N/A 618/622 48/61 311/309 71/89

B4020 1344/1336 8/11 896/890 10/14 672/668 12/16 336/334 16/22

B4820 1640/1624 5/7 1093/1082 7/9 820/812 8/11 410/406 11/15

B4821 1640/1632 5/7 1093/1088 7/10 820/816 9/11 410/408 12/16

B6620 2200/2192 3/4 1466/1461 5.2/3.9 1100/1096 4.6/6.1 550/548 6.4/8.5

B6640 2200/2192 6/8 N/A N/A 1100/1096 8.3/12 550/548 13/17

Table 2.4b – Image sizes and frame rates for different V binning modes

B0620

1:2 V Binning

1:3 V Binning 1:4 V Binning 1:8 V Binning

V Size Speed V Size

Speed

V Size

Speed

V Size

Speed

Center Single 240

Center Dual 240

525

896

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Table 2.4c – B0620 Center mode image sizes and frame rates during V binning

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Horizontal and vertical binning can work simultaneously with AOI. Although vertical and horizontal binning are done in different domains, there are no differences in the way the

AOI with binning works.

Vertical Binning is done in the time domain, where the data from the binned lines is added in the CCD.

The vertical binning is performed first, and the vertical AOI is second

. The vertical AOI settings are referenced to the binned image. If the user wants to set a vertical window of 200 lines, the user has to put 200 in the AOI height register regardless of the selected vertical binning mode.

Horizontal Binning is done in the digital domain, where the data from the binned pixels is added digitally.

The horizontal binning is performed first, and the horizontal

AOI is second

. The horizontal AOI settings are referenced to the binned image If the user wants to set a horizontal window in the binned image with width 200 the user has to put 200 in the AOI width register regardless of off the selected horizontal binning mode.

Figure 2.11a illustrates the simultaneous usage of AOI and H & V binning. The original image is 640 x 480. Then after 2 x 2 binning the resultant image is 320 x 240. Then a master

AOI is enabled with offset X = 80, offset Y = 120, width = 200 and height = 100. Then a slave AOI is enabled with offset X = 50, offset Y = 30, width = 45 and height = 40. In the left side the slave AOI is enabled in “Include” mode, and in the right side the same AOI is enabled in “Exclude” mode. When enabled as “Include” only the selected slave AOI region is displayed, the rest (of the master AOI) is black. When enabled as “Exclude” only the selected slave AOI region is black, the rest is the selected master image

CAUTION NOTE

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1. Vertical and horizontal binning cannot be performed when the Center mode is used for B1410, B1610 and B2520.

2. Horizontal or vertical binning used alone changes the aspect ratio of the image in the vertical or horizontal direction. To correct this, use identical horizontal and vertical binning modes simultaneously.

3. The frame-grabber vertical and horizontal resolution should be changed to reflect the actual number of active pixels and lines.

4. Vertical binning may cause blooming for saturated signal levels.

5. Color version users – horizontal or vertical binning used alone will create color distortions. If used simultaneously, the resulting image will be monochrome.

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Figure 2.11a – AOI within horizontal and vertical binned image.

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2.4 EXPOSURE CONTROL

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

2.5.1 Internal Exposure Control - Electronic Shutter

During normal camera operation, the exposure time is fixed and determined by the readout (frame) time. The electronic shutter can be used to precisely control the image exposure time under bright light conditions. The electronic shutter does not affect the frame rate; it only reduces the amount of electrons collected. Positioning a short pulse “SHUTTER”, with respect to the vertical transfer pulse, VCCD – Figure

2.12, sets the exposure time. The electronic shutter pulse can be positioned within the entire frame period with a precision of 1.0us. The maximum exposure is frame time dependent and the minimum exposure is ~ 2 microseconds (camera dependent).

Frame Time

Exposure

VCCD

SHUTTER

Figure 2.12 – Electronic shutter position

2.5.2 External exposure control

The camera exposure can be controlled using an external pulse, supplied to the camera. The pulse duration determines the exposure. For stable operation, this pulse

MUST be synchronized with the camera frame timing. Please refer to “I/O Control” section for pulse mapping information.

2.5.3 Variable Frame Time

– Programmable Line and Frame Time

Variable frame time mode provides the ability to run the camera in full resolution and a frame rate slower than the nominal camera frame. This has two effects: 1) it reduces the bandwidth requirements on the camera output and 2) it increases the exposure time for the frame. During normal camera operation (no shutter), the nominal frame rate determines the integration time. The desired frame rate, and thus the new integration time, can be achieved by moving the vertical transfer pulse,

VCCD, beyond the normal integration period (the standard frame time) – Figure

2.13. The resultant frame rate can be calculated using formula 2.2. The user can

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual program the camera integration (frame time) from the nominal camera frame time to

16 sec (~ 0.0625 fps) with a precision of 1.0 us.

Frame rate [fps] = 1 / frame time [sec] (2.2)

Programmable Integration Time

Standard Frame Time

VCCD

CAUTION NOTE

Figure 2.13 – Programmable frame time

1. The maximum frame rate (and minimum frame time) is determined by the camera mode of operation. If the user enters a higher frame rate than the allowed one, the image will halt. Programmable Frame Time cannot be enabled in

Trigger mode.

2. When programmable line time and programmable frame time are to be enabled simultaneously, enable line time first, set the appropriate line value, and then enable the programmable frame time. If you change the line time value while the frame time is enabled, please note that you might need to re-adjust the frame time value.

3. If the frame time is greater than 500ms the camera has to be kept still otherwise a motion smear will appear on the image.

2.5.4 Automatic Exposure Control (AEC)

The camera can be set to automatic exposure (and gain) control in order to keep the same image brightness during changing light conditions. Both modes – automatic exposure and automatic gain can be enabled simultaneously. In this mode the user sets the image brightness (luminance) to be maintained, and the camera adjusts the exposure accordingly. The user can select the average or peak brightness to be maintained. The camera starts with changing the exposure within the preset by the user min-max limits. If one of the exposure limits has been reached, the camera indicates the limit has been reached and keeps the value until the light condition change. The speed of convergence (how fast the camera stabilizes after change), can be preset by the user (four possible options are available). The AEC algorithm samples all pixels for the entire frame, but the user can select only a portion of the image (AOI) to be used as a sample collecting region. The camera displays the

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual current luminance, current exposure and current gain. For auto gain control refer to

Automatic Gain Control (AGC) section.

CAUTION NOTE

1. In some bright light conditions a very small exposure values (~ microseconds) must be used. In such cases the camera response is not linear, i.e. equal exposure increments do not result in equal brightness increase. In some rare occasions during such conditions, an image brightness oscillation (image flipping from bright to dark) could occur. To prevent this, please change the AEC/AGC setting (exposure speed, luminance level or AOI), or change the lens iris.

2.5.5 Automatic Iris Control (AIC)

The camera has a built in auto iris control feature, which is hardware compatible with a "Video” auto iris lens. If enabled, the camera provides an analog video signal

(via 12 pin HIROSE connector), which is used by the lens to control the iris.

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2.6 EXTERNAL TRIGGER

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2.6.1 Triggering Inputs

In the normal mode of operation, the camera is free running. Using the trigger mode allows the camera to be synchronized to an external timing pulse. There are three input modes available for external triggering – software (CC), internal (pulse generator), and external. Please note that the desired trigger input has to be mapped to corresponding camera input. For more information, please refer to the I/O Control section.

- “External” – the camera receives the trigger signal coming from the connector located on the back of the camera.

- “Computer” – the camera receives the trigger signal command from the framegrabber.

- “Internal” – the camera has a built in programmable pulse generator – refer to

“Pulse Generator” section. In Internal triggering mode the camera receives the trigger signal from the internal pulse generator.

- “Software” – the camera receives the trigger signal which is computer generated. This input is available only for GigE Cameras. The camera expects a one clock cycles pulse generated by the computer. The trigger exposure is internal register controlled. Pulse duration exposure is not allowed.

2.6.2 Acquisition and Exposure Control

For each trigger input the user can set the trigger edge, the over-trigger conditions, the de-bounce (de-glitch) time, the exposure time, the exposure delay, and the number of frames captured.

1. “Triggering Edge” – the user can select the active triggering edge:

- “Rising” – the rising edge will be used for triggering

- “Falling” – the falling edge will be used for triggering

2. “De-bounce” – the trigger inputs are de-bounced to prevent multiple triggering from ringing triggering pulses. The user has eight choices of de-bounce interval:

- “Off” – no de-bounce (default)

- “10

 s, “50

 s, “100

 s, “500

 s de-bounce interval

- “1.0” ms, “5.0” ms, “10.0” ms de-bounce interval

3. “Trigger Overlap” – if the next trigger pulse arrives while the previous triggering cycle is in process, the user has three options:

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- “Ignore” – the next rigger will be ignored, and the camera will continue its present operation.

- “Accept” – the next trigger will be used. The camera will stop the present operation, will reset and the new trigger cycle will start.

- “Accept after Exposure” – the next rigger will be ignored while the camera is exposing the image. The next trigger will be used only after the image exposure based on the previous trigger has been completed. The camera will stop the present operation, will reset and the new trigger cycle will start.

4. “Exposure Time” – the exposure for all frames can be set in two ways:

- “Pulse Width” – the trigger pulse width (duration) determines the exposure.

- “Internal” – the camera internal exposure register determines the exposure.

A mid exposure pulse is generated in this mode.

5. “Frames captured” – the number of frames captured after the trigger pulse can be programmed from 1 to 65530 frames, or to be free-running.

6. “Exposure Delay” – delays the beginning of the exposure with respect to the trigger pulse. The delay can be programmed from 0 to ~16,777 seconds.

CAUTION NOTE

1. The de-bounce interval MUST be smaller than the trigger pulse duration. Adjust the interval accordingly.

2. When Triggering is enabled “Programmable Integration” is not active

2.6.3 Trigger Strobe Control

Along with the shutter pulse, the camera can send one strobe pulse for synchronization with an external light source. The user can set the strobe pulse duration and the delay with respect to the trigger pulse active edge. The maximum pulse duration and the maximum delay can be set up to 16777215 us with 1.0us precision. The strobe pulse can be assigned to “Strobe 1” or “Strobe 2. If the number of frames captured is more than 1, and the user wants to enable the strobe for the next frames, he/she has to using the camera strobe – please refer to “Strobe” section for more information.

2.6.4 Triggering modes

A. Standard Mode

When the standard triggering mode is enabled, the camera idles and waits for a trigger signal. Upon receiving the external trigger signal, the camera clears the horizontal and vertical registers, sends a shutter pulse to clear the pixels and starts

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual integration – Figure 2.14. Upon receiving the trigger signal the camera starts integration for the frame, completes the integration, and transfers the information to the vertical registers and then captures the image is being read out. There is no delay between the trigger rising edge and the exposure start. The exposure is set by the trigger pulse duration or by internal exposure register. The number of frames captured after each trigger pulse can be programmed. This completes the current trigger cycle and the camera idles until the next trigger pulse.

CAUTION NOTE

The time interval between the trigger pulses must be greater than the combined exposure and frame time. If the time between the triggers is shorter, the frame readout cycle will be interrupted and part of the frame will be lost.

TRIGGER

SHUTTER

EXPOSURE

VCCD

FVAL

First Frame Exposure

DATA DATA Out

STROBE

Only if the trigger strobe is enabled

Only if the main strobe is enabled

Figure 2.14 – Standard triggering timing

B. Fast Synchronized Triggering

– Rapid Capture

Fast synchronized triggering (a.k.a. rapid capture) provides the ability to run the camera in a slave mode, allowing several cameras to be synchronized with an external master trigger signal. This mode also enables the camera to run close to its original frame rate. If this mode is enabled, the camera idles and waits for a trigger signal to come from the selected. Upon receiving the trigger signal, the camera starts integration until the next trigger is received. Then the information is transferred to the registers and read out. During this time the next frame is exposed – Figure 2.15.

In this mode the camera exposure can be controlled with the internal shutter or with the trigger pulse width. If the shutter is not used, the camera exposure time will be equal to the time between the trigger pulses (trigger period). If the internal shutter is

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual used the exposure control slider sets the exposure – Figure 2.15. The number of frames captured is set to 1 and cannot be changed.

CAUTION NOTE

1. The time interval between the trigger pulses must be greater than the corresponding camera frame time. If the time between the triggers is shorter, the frame read-out cycle will be interrupted and part of the frame will be lost.

TRIGGER

SHUTTER

N

N + 1 N + 2

EXPOSURE

DATA

Exposure N

DATA N - 1

Exposure N+1

DATA N DATA N + 1

STROBE

Only if the main strobe is enabled

Figure 2.15 – Fast synchronized triggering - rapid capture

C. Double Exposure Triggering

Double exposure allows two events (two images) to be captured in rapid succession using a single trigger pulse. In this mode, the camera idles and waits for a trigger signal to come from the selected source. Upon receiving the external trigger signal, the camera clears the horizontal and vertical registers, and starts integration. There is

NO DELAY between the active trigger edge of the trigger pulse and the beginning of the integration. Upon receiving the trigger signal the camera starts integration for the first frame, completes the integration, transfers the information to the vertical registers and then captures the second image. While capturing the second image the first one is being read out. After exposing the second image, the information is transferred to the vertical registers and read out – Figure 2.16. This completes the current trigger cycle and the camera idles until the next trigger pulse. In this mode the camera exposure can be controlled with the internal shutter or with the trigger pulse width. The number of frames captured is set to 2 and cannot be changed. There is NO DELAY between the frames captured. The minimum time between the frames is ~ 200 ns

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TRIGGER

1 2

EVENTS

EXPOSURE

Exp 1 Exposure 2

DATA

SHUTTER

DATA 1 DATA 2

STROBE

Only if the trigger strobe is enabled

Only if the main strobe is enabled

Figure 2.16 – Double exposure triggering

CAUTION NOTE

The Vertical Frame Transfer period is the time required for all pixel charges to be transferred under the vertical registers after the frame exposure ends. This finite time imposes some restrictions for minimum exposure duration in standard and double triggering modes. The minimum exposure period is camera dependent as shown below:

A. B0610, B0620, B1020, B1320, B1621, B1921, B1922, B2320 and B3320 – minimum exposure is 2 us,

B. B1410, B1610 and B4821 – minimum exposure is 4 us,

C. B2510, B2520, and B6620 – minimum exposure is 8 us.

D. B1620, B1920, B2020, B4020 and B4820 – minimum exposure is 10 us.

D. Frame Accumulation Triggering

When the Frame Accumulation triggering mode is enabled, the camera idles and waits for a trigger signal. Upon receiving the external trigger signal, the camera clears the horizontal and vertical registers, sends a shutter pulse to clear the pixels and starts integration – Figure 2.17. Upon receiving the trigger signal the camera starts integration for the first frame, completes the integration, transfers the information to the vertical registers and then waits for the next trigger. Upon receiving the next trigger signal the camera starts integration for the next frame, completes the integration, transfers the information to the vertical registers and then waits for the next trigger. The number of triggers used is set by the “Pulses per

Capture” register. After the last trigger has been received the information is being read out. This completes the current trigger cycle and the camera idles until the next trigger pulse. In this mode the camera exposure can be controlled with the internal shutter or with the trigger pulse width.

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Trg.1

Trg.2

Trg.3

Trg.4

Trg.5

TRIGGER

EXPOSURE

DATA

TRANSFER

DATA

OUTPUT

STROBE

Exp.1

Exp.2

Exp.3

Exp.4

Exp.5

DATA

Figure 2.17 – Frame accumulation triggering

E. Asynchronous Triggering

When the Asynchronous triggering mode is enabled, the camera is free running (no horizontal and vertical flushing prior to trigger). Upon receiving the external trigger signal, the current CCD timing stops, all camera lines are rapidly flushed, and a new frame starts – Figure 2.18. This completes the current trigger cycle, the camera free running and waits for the next trigger pulse. In this mode the camera exposure can be controlled with the internal shutter or with the trigger pulse width. The time required for rapid line flush (all charges stored in the vertical registers are cleared) is camera dependent and if the camera is triggered via CC line, and the camera exposure is determined by the duration of the CC pulse, the CC pulse duration must be longer than the rapid flush time, as shown below.

TRIGGER

VCCD

DUMP

EXPOSURE

DATA

DATA DATA DATA DATA

SHUTTER

Figure 2.18 – Asynchronous triggering

F. Exposure Delay

The user can delays the beginning of the triggering sequence (beginning of the exposure) with respect to the trigger pulse. The delay can be programmed from 0 to

~16,777 seconds.

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2.7 STROBE OUTPUT

The strobe output is used to synchronize an external light source with the camera timing, and thus to maximize the camera efficiency in low light level conditions. The optimal strobe signal position is achieved by the positioning of the STROBE pulse, with respect to the vertical transfer pulse VCCD (end of the frame) - Figure 2.19. BOBCAT supports two independent strobe signals. Each strobe pulse can be positioned within the entire frame timing period with a precision 1.0 us. The strobe duration can be seen from 1.0 us to 65535 us with a precision of 1.0us. The internal camera timing has a flag for odd and even frames.

Each strobe can be assigned to every frame, only odd frames, only even frames, or the strobe can be disabled. The actual strobe signal can be mapped to the corresponding camera outputs – please refer to the “I/O Control” section.

CAUTION NOTE

During Standard triggering mode the odd/even frame flag resets with each new trigger. In this case, if the number of frames is set to 1 the strobe will be present only in “Every Frame” and “Odd Frames”.

Frame Time

Position Strobe 1

Position Strobe 2

VCCD

STROBE 1

STROBE 2

Duration

Figure 2.19 – Strobe pulse positioning

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2.8 GAIN and OFFSET

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2.8.1 Analog Domain

– manual control

The camera has dual analog signal processors (or Analog Front End – AFE), one per channel. It features one dual processor, each containing a differential input sampleand-hold amplifier (SHA), digitally controlled variable gain amplifier (VGA), black level clamp and a 14-bit ADC. The programmable internal AFE registers include independent gain and black level adjustment. There are 1024 possible gain levels

(gcode 0 to 1023) and 1024 offset (clamp) levels (ocode 0 to 1023). Figure 2.20 shows the relationship between the video signal output level and gain/offset.

Theoretically, the black level should reside at 0 volts and the gain changes should only lead to increasing the amplitude of the video signal. Since the camera has two separate video outputs coming out of the CCD, there is always some offset misbalance between the video outputs. Thus, changing the AFE gain leads to a change in the offset level and to a further misbalance between the two video signals.

To correct the balance between two signals for a particular gain, the user should always adjust the offset for each output – refer to the Camera Configuration section.

The overall camera gain can be calculated using formula 2.3, where Fixed Gain (FG) is user selectable (- 3dB, 0, 3 dB, or 6dB).

VGA Gain [dB] = FG [dB] + 0.0351 x gcode (2.3)

AFE o u tpu t

AFE g ain b lack level

0 V p ix el o u tp u t

~ 2 0 mV o ffset

light intens ity

Figure 2.20 – AFE gain and offset

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2.8.2 Digital Domain

– manual control

The camera has a built in digital gain and offset control. There are 20 possible digital gain levels from 1.0x to 3.0x with step of 0.1x, and 1024 offset levels from (–511, to

+ 511).

2.8.3 Automatic Gain Control (AGC)

The camera can be set to automatic gain (and exposure) control in order to keep the same image brightness during changing light conditions. In this mode the user sets the image brightness (luminance) to be maintained, and the camera adjusts the gain accordingly. The user can select the average or peak brightness to be maintained.

The camera starts with changing the gain within the preset by the user min-max limits. If one of the gain limits has been reached, the camera indicates the limit has been reached and keeps the value until the light condition change. The speed of convergence (how fast the camera stabilizes after change), can be preset by the user

(four possible options are available). If both modes, automatic exposure and automatic gain are enabled simultaneously, the camera starts with changing the exposure first within the preset by the user min-max limits. If one of the exposure limits has been reached, the camera engages the analog gain, and changes it within the preset by the user min-max limits. The AGC algorithm samples all pixels for the entire frame, but the user can select only a portion of the image (AOI) to be used as a sample collecting region. The camera displays the current luminance, current exposure and current gain. For auto exposure control refer to Automatic Exposure

Control (AEC) section.

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2.9 DATA OUTPUT FORMAT

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2.9.1 Bit Depth

The internal camera processing of the CCD data is performed in 14 bits. The camera can output the data in 14, 12, 10 or 8 bit format (3x8 RGB for B0610, B1410 and

B1610 ONLY). During this standard bit reduction process, the least significant bits are truncated – Figure 2.21.

- “14-bit” – All original bits D0 (LSB) to D13 (MSB) are used. This mode is available only for Single Output.

- “12-bit” – If the 14 bit original camera data is D0 (LSB) to D13 (MSB), and camera is set to output 12 bit data, the 12 output bits are mapped to D2 (LSB) to

D13 (MSB).

- “10-bit” – If the 14 bit original camera data is D0 (LSB) to D13 (MSB), and camera is set to output 10 bit data, the 10 output bits are mapped to D4 (LSB) to

D13 (MSB).

- “8-bit” – If the 14 bit original camera data is D0 (LSB) to D13 (MSB), and camera is set to output 8 bit data, the 8 output bits are mapped to D6 (LSB) to

D13 (MSB).

LSB Internal Camera Processing - 14 bit Data

D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 D10 D11

MSB

D12 D13

8-bit output data

10-bit output data

12-bit output data

14-bit output data

Figure 2.21 – DATA output format

- “3 Tap RGB” – In this mode each pixel is sent in 24 bit format (3 x 8 bit RGB), starting with the first pixel of the first line and ending with the last pixel of the line. Each pixel consists of three components R (red), G (green) and B (blue),

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1.1.6 or earlier, please contact Imperx for more information.

2.9.2 Digital Data Shift

The “Digital Shift” feature allows the user to change the group of bits sent to the camera output and therefore manipulate the camera brightness. The user can implement up to 7 bits left or right digital shift. The internal camera processing of the data is 14 bits. If the camera is set to output 10 bits of data then the four least significant bits are truncated. In some cases the user may need to convert from 14 to

10 bit by preserving the 4 least significant bits and truncating the 4 most significant ones – Figure 2.22. Please note that the camera signal-to-noise ratio will be reduced using the data shift option.

D13 D12 D11 D10 D9

Camera Data - 14 bit

D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0

D9 D8 D7 D6 D5

Standard 10 bit Output Data

D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 0 0 0 0

0 0

Modified 10 bit Output Data - (10 bit data + 4 bits shifted right)

0 0 D9 D8 D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1

Figure 2.22 – Output data using 4 bits digital right shift

D0

2.9.3 Output Format

BOBCAT camera series supports several out formats, which are based primarily on the CCD imager used in the camera, and the number of outputs available. For more information, please refer to Table 2.1.

A. Single Output Cameras

For the single output cameras (B0610, B1410 and B1610) the user has several options based on the CCD imager used. For the camera with monochrome imager the user has only one option – 1 Tap Sequential. If the camera has a color imager user can select the raw Bayer data output (1 Tap Sequential) or the interpolated color

– 3 Tap RGB.

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- “1 Tap Sequential” – In this mode all pixels (for every line) are sent to one output (Tap 1) in a sequence, starting with the first and ending with the last (L) pixel (1, 2, 3, … L-1, L) – Figure 2.23. Each pixel can be 8, 10, 12 or 14 bit deep.

Tap 1

P(1) P(2) ...

P(L-1) P(L)

Figure 2.23 – 1 tap sequential output

B. Dual Output Cameras

For the dual output cameras (B0620, B1620, B1920 and B2520) there are several options available, since the camera can work in a single or in a dual output mode and can have a color or monochrome imager. In a single mode (not available in B2520) operation for the camera with monochrome imager the user has only one option – 1

Tap Sequential. If the camera has a color imager and is in a single mode, user can select the raw Bayer data output (1 Tap Sequential) or the interpolated color – 3 Tap

RGB. For Dual mode of operation regardless of imager type (mono or color) the user has two choices – 2 Tap Sequential or 2 Tap Interleaved. 3 Tap RGB is not available because of bandwidth limitations for Base Camera Link

- “2 Tap Sequential” – In this mode all pixels are sent to two outputs (Tap 1 and

Tap2) in the following sequence – Figure 2.24a. Each pixel can be 8, 10 or 12

- deep (14 bit output is not available in this mode). This feature is custom and it is not implemented in the camera, please contact Imperx for more information.

Tap 1 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 1 and then all pixels in a sequence

(1, 2, 3 … M-1, M) until reaches the middle pixel (if the CCD has 1000 pixels in one line, the middle pixel M is #500.

Tap 2 – starting (for every line) with the pixel M+1 and then all pixels in a sequence (M+1, M+2, M+3 …L-1, L) until reaches the last pixel for the line.

Tap 1

P(1) P(2) ...

P(M-1) P(M)

Tap 2 P(M+1) P(M+2) ...

P(L-1) P(L)

Figure 2.24a – 2 tap sequential output

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- “2 Tap Interleaved” – In this mode all pixels are sent to two outputs (Tap 1 and

Tap2) in the following sequence – Figure 2.24b. Each pixel can be 8, 10 or 12 deep (14 bit output is not available in this mode).

Tap 1 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 1 and then all odd pixels in a sequence (1, 3 … L-3, L-1) until reaches the one before last pixel.

Tap 2 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 2 and then all even pixels in a sequence (2, 4 …L-2, L) until reaches the last pixel for the line.

Tap 1

P(1) P(3) ...

P(L-3) P(L-1)

Tap 2 P(2) P(4) ...

P(L-2) P(L)

Figure 2.24b – 2 tap interleaved output

C. Quad Output Cameras

For the quad output cameras (B6640 and B3340) there are two options available - 2

Tap Interleaved or 4 Tap Interleaved

- “2 Tap Interleaved” – In this mode all pixels are sent to two outputs (Tap 1 and

Tap2) with 2x clock in the following sequence – Figure 2.24c. Each pixel can be

8, 10 or 12 deep. This mode is available only for the normal speed.

Tap 1 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 1 and then all odd pixels in a sequence (1, 3 … L-3, L-1) until reaches the one before last pixel.

Tap 2 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 2 and then all even pixels in a sequence (2, 4 …L-2, L) until reaches the last pixel for the line.

Tap 1

P(1) P(3) ...

P(L-3) P(L-1)

Tap 2 P(2) P(4) ...

P(L-2) P(L)

Figure 2.24c – 2 tap interleaved output

- “4 Tap Interleaved” – In this mode all pixels are sent to four outputs (Tap 1,

Tap2, Tap3, tap4) with 1x clock in the following sequence – Figure 2.24d. Each pixel can be 8, 10 or 12 deep. This mode is available for bot Normal and

Overclock modes.

Tap 1 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 1 and then all pixels in a sequence

(1, 5, 9 … L-7, L-3)

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Tap 2 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 2 and then all pixels in a sequence

(2, 6, 10 …L-6, L-2)

Tap 3 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 3 and then all pixels in a sequence

(3, 7, 11 … L-5, L-1)

Tap 4 – starting (for every line) with the pixel 4 and then all pixels in a sequence

(4, 8, 12 …L-4, L)

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Tap1 P(1) P(5) … P(L-7) P(L-3)

Tap2 P(2) P(6) … P(L-6) P(L-2)

Tap3 P(3) P(7) … P(L-5) P(L-1)

Tap4 P(4) P(8) … P(L-4) P(L)

Figure 2.24d – 4 tap interleaved output

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2.10 PULSE GENERATOR

The camera has a built in pulse generator. The user can program the camera to generate a discrete sequence of pulse or a continuous trail – Figure 2.25. The pulse generator can be used as a trigger signal, or can be mapped to one of the outputs – refer to “I/O Control” section for more information. The discrete number of pulse can be set from 1 to 65530 with a step of 1. The user has options to set:

- Granularity – Indicates the number of clock cycles that are used for each increment of the width and the period. Four possible options are available (x1, x10, x100 and x 1000).

- Period – Indicates the amount of time (also determined by the granularity) between consecutive pulses. Minimum value is 1, maximum is 1048576

- Width – Specifies the amount of time (determined by the granularity) that the pulse remains at a high level before falling to a low level. Minimum value is 1, maximum is

524288

Width

Period

Figure 2.25 – Internal pulse generator

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2.11 I/O CONTROL

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2.11.1 I/O Mapping

The camera has 2 external inputs and 2 external outputs wired to the 12 pin HIROSE connector, located on the back of the camera – please refer to Table 1.4a for more information. In addition to these inputs and outputs, the cameras with camera link output have two more inputs (CC1 and CC2) and one output (CL Spare) available.

The user can map camera inputs to: H or V Sync, External trigger, Computer trigger and Exposure control. The user can map the camera outputs to: Exposure Start,

Exposure End, Mid-Exposure, Active Exposure Window, H or, V Sync, Odd/Even

Frame Flag, Trigger Pulse, Trigger Pulse Delayed, Camera Ready, Pulse Generator,

Strobe One, Strobe Two. For each mapped signal active “High”, active “Low”, can be selected. All possible mapping options for the camera inputs and outputs are shown in Table 2.4a and Table 2.4b respectively.

Note: CC1/CC2 is not available in GEV cameras.

Input Signals

Exposure Control

External Trigger

Computer Trigger

H-Sync

V-Sync

IN1 IN2 CC1 CC2

N/A N/A

N/A N/A

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Table 2.4a – BOBCAT Input Mapping

Output Signals

Exposure Start

Exposure End

Mid-Exposure

Active Exposure Window

H-Sync

V-Sync

Odd/Even Frame Flag

Trigger Pulse

Trigger Pulse Delayed

Camera Ready

Pulse Generator

Strobe One

Strobe Two

OUT1 OUT2 CL SP

Table 2.4b – BOBCAT Output Mapping

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2.11.2 Electrical Connectivity

A. Inputs IN1 and IN2

The external inputs in BOBCAT (GigE or CL models) are directly connected to the camera hardware – Figure 2.26. The input signals “Signal” and “Return” are used to connect to an external Input to the outside source. The signal level (voltage difference between the inputs “Signal” and “Return”) MUST be LVTTL (3.3 volts) or TTL (5.0 volts). The total maximum input current MUST NOT exceed 2.0 mA.

There are no restrictions for the minimum or maximum duration.

Input

B NC

1

Signal

2 mA MAX

R4

30 0 1 2

T O I/O CONT ROL

D1

6.2V

Return

Figure 2.26 – IN1, IN2 electrical connection.

B. Outputs OUT1 and OUT2

The external outputs in BOBCAT (GigE or CL models) are directly connected to the camera hardware, and are TTL (5.0 Volts) compatible signals. The maximum output current MUST NOT exceed 8 mA. Figure 2.27 shows the output external electrical connection.

Output

B NC

1

Signal

8 mA MAX

R5

10 0

Return

4 3

FROM I/O CONT ROL

Figure 2.27 – OUT1, OUT2 electrical connection.

CAUTION NOTE

For all Bobcat cameras with Camera link output - all inputs and outputs ARE NOT optically isolated for a HW revision “RA04” or later.

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C. Custom GPIO (IN/OUT)

BOBCAT (GigE or CL models) has a provision for a high-speed custom general purpose I/O – LVTTL (3.3 Volts) compatible. The maximum output current MUST

NOT exceed 8 mA, and the maximum input current MUST NOT exceed 2.0 mA.

This GPIO is not currently enabled. If your application requires such configuration please contact Imperx for more information.

D. Custom SPI Interface

BOBCAT (CL models ONLY) has a provision for a high-speed custom SPI interface

– LVTTL (3.3 Volts) compatible. The interface can be available via the mini USB connector on the back of the camera. This SPI interface is not currently enabled. If your application requires such interface please contact Imperx for more information.

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2.12 TEST IMAGE PATTERNS

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2.12.1 Test Image patterns

The camera can output several test images, which can be used to verify the camera‟s general performance and connectivity to the frame grabber. This ensures that all the major modules in the hardware are working properly and that the connection between the frame grabber and the camera is synchronized – i.e., the image frameing, output mode, communication rate, etc. are properly configured. Please note that the test image patterns do not exercise and verify the CCD‟s functionality.

The following test images are available:

- Black – displays black image (value x0000)

- Gray – displays an uniform dark gray image (value x2000)

- White – displays an uniform white image (value 3FFF)

- H Ramp Still – displays a stationary horizontal ramp image

- V Ramp Still – displays a stationary vertical ramp image

- H Ramp Move – displays a moving horizontal ramp image

- V Ramp Move – displays a moving vertical ramp image

- Vertical Bars – displays a set of 8 vertical gray bars with different gray levels.

2.12.2 Image Superimposition

The user has the capabilities to superimpose over a live image the following test patterns. The user can change the brightness of the superimposed image from black

(invisible) to white. Image superimposition is not available during H & V binning.

- “Crosshair” – Crosshair watermark (2 pixels and 2 lines thickness) indicating the absolute image center of the image.

- “H & V Lines” – A pair of Horizontal and Vertical lines can be positioned in the image. The user can enable the lines in horizontal, vertical or both directions, and to position them at any pixel/line in the image. Since the H & V lines can be used as a measuring tool, the pixel and line positions are referenced to the CCD pixels and lines, not to the image pixels and lines . The spacing between the lines can be displayed in:

1. Pixels - Natively, the spacing between the lines is shown in pixels

2. Metrical units - In addition, the user can use these lines as a measuring tool.

The user can apply a scale coefficient and thus, to calculate the spacing in linear measuring units (micrometers, millimeters or meters).

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2.13 WHITE BALANCE AND COLOR CONVERSION

2.13.1 White Balance

The color representation in the image depends on the color temperature of the light source. Bobcat has built in algorithm to compensate for this. When white balance correction is enabled, the camera collects the luminance data for each of the primary colors R, G and B, analyzes it, and adjusts the color setting in order to preserve the original colors and make white objects to appear white. The algorithm collects data from the entire image, and can work in four different modes – “Off”, “Once”,

“Auto” and “Manual”. When set to “Off” no color correction is performed. When set to “Once” the camera analyzes only one image frame, calculates only one set correction coefficients, and all subsequent frames are corrected with this set of coefficients. When set to “Manual” the camera uses the correction coefficients as entered from the user. In “Auto” mode the camera analyzes every frame, a set of correction coefficients are derived for each frame and applied to the next frame. All

Bobcat color cameras support white balance feature.

2.13.2 Color (Bayer to RGB) Conversion

All single tap only Bobcat cameras support Bayer to RGB interpolation algorithm.

The color interpolation is based on (5 x 5) algorithm with approximation in order to achieve a good and pure color representation. The algorithm also allows for individual control of the gain and offset of the primary R G B colors. The camera also can output raw pixel data - user has an option to set the mode.

The cameras supporting the internal Bayer to RGB interpolations are B0610, B1310,

B1410, B1411 and B1610.

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2.14 DYNAMIC BLACK LEVEL CORRECTION AND TAP BALANCING

2.14.1 Black Level Correction

As was described in the Gain and Offset section, the reference black level on each

CCD output fluctuates around 0V. The AFE offset correction works on the entire image and if there are noise fluctuations on a line level, the AFE is not capable of correcting them. The camera has a built in dynamic signal-to-noise correction feature to compensate for this effect. In the beginning of each line the CCD has several back

(masked) columns. The dark level for each tap is sampled over several of these masked pixels and the average per tap black level floor is calculated for each frame.

The average floor level for each tap is then subtracted from each incoming pixel

(from the corresponding tap) from the next frame.

2.14.2 Tap Balancing

Since the camera has two separate video outputs coming out of the CCD, there is always some offset misbalance between the video outputs. Thus, changing the AFE gain leads to a change in the offset level and to a further misbalance between the two video signals. To correct the balance between two signals at any particular gain,

BOBCAT series of cameras have static and dynamic balancing algorithms implemented in the firmware. The algorithms compares the black and bright levels of the adjacent pixels around the tap line, and adjusts the gain and offset for each tap accordingly, until the balance has been reached. The selection to use static or dynamic balancing depends on the application. Please note, that if AGC is enabled, it is strongly recommended to use static balancing, because the dynamic balancing can interfere with the AGC algorithm.

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2.15 TRANSFER FUNCTION CORRECTION

– USER LUT

The user defined LUT (Lookup Table) feature allows the user to modify and transform the original video data into any arbitrary value – Figure 2.30. Any 12-bit value can be transformed into any other 12-bit value. The camera supports two separate lookup tables, each consisting of 4096 entries, with each entry being 12 bits wide. The LUT is applied to the entire image unless AOI8 is enabled as “LUT ROI”. In this case the LUT function will apply only to the selected ROI. The first LUT is factory programmed with a standard

Gamma 0.45. The second LUT is not pre-programmed in the factory. Both LUT‟s are available for modifications, and the user can generate and upload his own custom LUT using the BOBCAT Configuration software – refer to Appendix B.

12 bit input data

LUT

12 bit output data

Figure 2.30 – Look up table

2.15.1 Standard Gamma Correction

The image generated by the camera is normally viewed on a CRT (or LCD) display, which does not have a linear transfer function – i.e., the display brightness is not linearly proportional to the scene brightness (as captured by the camera). As the object brightness is lowered, the brightness of the display correspondingly lowers.

At a certain brightness level, the scene brightness decrease does not lead to a corresponding display brightness decrease. The same is valid if the brightness is increased. This is because the display has a nonlinear transfer function and a brightness dynamic range much lower than the camera. The camera has a built-in transfer function to compensate for this non-linearity, which is called gamma correction. If enabled, the video signal is transformed by a non-linear function close to the square root function (0.45 power) – formula 2.4. In the digital domain this is a nonlinear conversion from 12-bit to 12-bit – Figure 2.31.

Output signal [V] = (input signal [V])

0.45

(2.4)

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Figure 2.31 – Gamma corrected video signal

2.15.2 User Defined LUT

The user can define any 12-bit to 12-bit transformation as a user LUT and can upload it to the camera using the configuration utility software. The user can specify a transfer function of their choice to match the camera‟s dynamic range to the scene‟s dynamic range. There are no limitations to the profile of the function. The

LUT must include all possible input values (0 to 4095) – Figures 2.32.

Modified TF

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Original TF

Input signal

Figure 2.32 – Custom LUT

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2.16 DEFECTIVE PIXEL CORRECTION

A CCD imager is composed of a two-dimensional array of light sensitive pixels. In general, the majority of the pixels have similar sensitivity. Unfortunately, there are some pixels which sensitivity deviates from the average pixel sensitivity. A defective pixel is defined as a pixel whose response deviates by more than 15% from the average response.

In extreme cases these pixels can be stuck „black‟ or stuck „white‟ and are non-responsive to light. There are two major types of pixel defects – “Defective” and “Hot”.

1. ”Defective” – these are pixels which sensitivity deviates more than 15% due to fluctuations in the CCD manufacturing process. Two type of defective pixels are possible: a. “DARK” is defined as a pixel, whose sensitivity is lower than the sensitivity of the adjacent pixels. In some cases this pixel will have no response (completely dark). b. “BRIGHT” is defined as a pixel, whose sensitivity is higher than the sensitivity of the adjacent pixels. In some cases this pixel will have full response (completely bright).

2. “Hot” – these are pixel, which in normal camera operation behaves as normal pixel

(the sensitivity is equal to the one of the adjacent pixels), but during long time integration behaves as a high intensity bright pixel. In some cases this pixel will have full response (completely bright).

2.16.1 Static Pixel Correction

Static Defective and Hot pixel correction works with predetermined and preloaded Defective and Hot pixel maps. During factory final testing, our manufacturing engineers run a program specially designed to identify these

„defective‟ and “hot” pixels. The program creates a map file which lists the coordinates (i.e. row and column) of every defective pixel. This file, called the

Defect Pixel Map, is then downloaded into the camera‟s non-volatile memory.

Users may wish, however, to create and to upload their own DPM file because of the uniqueness of their operating environment or camera use.

When „Defective Pixel

Correction‟ is enabled, the camera will compare each pixel‟s coordinates with entries in the „defect‟ map. If a match is found, then the camera will „correct‟ the defective pixel. When „Hot Pixel Correction‟ is enabled, the camera will compare each pixel‟s coordinates with entries in the „defect‟ map. If a match is found, then the camera will „correct‟ the hot pixel. The "Defective/Hot Pixel Map" can be displayed upon user request.

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2.16.1 Dynamic Pixel Correction

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Dynamic pixel correction works without preloaded pixel maps. When this option is enabled, the camera determines which pixel needs correction and performs the correction automatically. Static and Dynamic “Defective Pixel Correction” and

“Hot Pixel Correction” can be enabled independently or simultaneously.

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2.17 FLAT FIELD CORRECTION

A CCD imager is composed of a two dimensional array of light sensitive pixels. Each pixel within the array, however, has its own unique light sensitivity characteristics. Most of the deviation is due to the difference in the angle of incidence and to charge transport artifacts. This artifact is called „Shading‟ and in normal camera operation should be removed. The process by which a CCD camera is calibrated for shading is known as „Flat

Field Correction‟. Refer to Figures 2.33a and 2.33b for images acquired before and after

Flat Field Correction. This feature is available as a standard feature only for cameras with

1.0” optical format or bigger

.

The BOBCAT series of cameras incorporate a Flat Field Correction mechanism. The Flat

Field Correction mechanism measures the response of each pixel in the CCD array to illumination and is used to correct for any variation in illumination over the field of the array. The optical system most likely introduces some variation in the illumination pattern over the field of the array. The flat field correction process compensates for uneven illumination, if that illumination is a stable characteristic of each object exposure.

During factory final testing, our manufacturing engineers run a program specially designed to identify the shading characteristics of the camera. The program creates a Flat

Field Correction file, which contains coefficients describing these shading characteristics.

This file is then downloaded into the camera‟s non-volatile memory. When Flat Field

Correction is enabled, the camera will use the Flat Field Correction coefficients to compensate for the shading effect.

Each Imperx camera is shipped with the Flat Field Correction file that was created for that camera during factory final testing. Users may wish, however, to create their own

Flat Field Correction file because of the uniqueness of their operating environment (i.e. lens, F-stop, lighting, etc.). Therefore, Imperx provides a Flat Field Correction utility that allows users to generate a Flat Field Correction file. This file can then be downloaded into the camera. While creating the Flat Field Correction file, it is necessary to illuminate the CCD with a light pattern that is as representative of the background illumination as possible. This illumination should be bright enough, or the exposure made long enough, so that the CCD pixels signals are at least 25 percent of full scale (for 12 bit mode the level should be at least 1000 ADUs).

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Figure 2.33a – Original image showing „shading‟ effect

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Figure 2.33b – Flat field corrected image

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2.18 NEGATIVE IMAGE

When operating in the negative image mode, the value of each pixel is inverted. The resultant image appears negative – Figure 2.34. This feature could be useful if the camera receives a negative image (i.e. image from microfilms, prints or slides). In this mode the image has a normal vertical and horizontal orientation and full resolution. This feature is available in both single and dual output modes.

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Figure 2.34 – Normal and Negative Image

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2.19 CAMERA INTERFACE

2.19.1 Status LED

The camera has a dual red-green LED, located on the back panel. The LED color and light pattern indicate the camera status and mode of operation:

GREEN

is steady ON – Normal operation. The user is expected to see a normal image coming out of the camera.

GREEN

blinks with frequency ~ 0.5 Hz – indicates triggering mode.

GREEN

blinks with frequency ~ 2.0 Hz – indicates programmable integration

(line, frame or both) mode.

YELLOW

is steady ON – Test mode. The user is expected to see one of the test patterns.

YELLOW

blinks with frequency ~ 0.5 Hz – the camera is in AGC/AEC mode.

In this mode changing the shutter slider will not affect the image luminance.

YELLOW

blinks with frequency ~ 2.0 Hz – the camera is in external H or V sync mode. The camera timing will be slaved to the external pulses. Changing programmable integration sliders will not affect the image luminance

RED

is steady ON – RS232 communication error or firmware load error. Repower the camera and load the factory settings. If the condition is still present, please contact the factory for RMA.

LED is OFF – Power not present error. The camera has no power or indicates a camera power supply failure. A faulty external AC adapter could also cause this.

To restore the camera operation, re-power the camera and load the factory settings. If the LED is still “OFF”, please contact the factory for RMA.

2.19.2 Temperature Monitor

The camera has a built in temperature sensor which monitors the internal camera temperature. The sensor is placed on the hottest spot in the camera. The internal camera temperature is displayed on the Camera Configuration Utility screen and can be queried by the user at any time – refer to Camera Configuration section.

2.19.3 Exposure Time Monitor

The camera has a built in exposure time monitor. In any mode of operation (i.e. normal, AOI, binning, etc.) the user can query the camera for the current exposure

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual time by issuing a command – refer to the Exposure Control section. The current camera integration time in units of microseconds will be returned.

2.19.4 Frame Time Monitor

The camera has a built in frame rate monitor. In any mode of operation (i.e. normal, AOI, binning, etc.) the user can query the camera for the current frame rate by issuing a command – refer to the Exposure Control section. The current camera speed in units of frames per second will be returned.

2.19.5 Current image size

The camera image size can change based on a camera feature selected. In any mode of operation (i.e. normal, AOI, binning, etc.) the user can query the camera for the current image size by issuing a command – refer to the Image Size section.

The current camera image size in (pixels x lines) will be returned.

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Chapter 3

– Digital Image Processing

Digital Image Processing

This chapter discusses built in Digital Image Processing algorithm in the camera and their implementation and use.

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3.1 OVERVIEW

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The camera has built-in several basic image processing functions. More functions will be added later. Please contact Imperx for more information.

3.2 IMAGE ENHANCEMENT

In many imaging applications the user will have a dark object on a bright background, many dark and bright spots or shadows, or the light will not be sufficient, so the resulting image will have a low contrast, and/or a very low dynamic range. To improve the image quality in such conditions, BOBCAT offers a set of image enhancing features – thresholding and multi-point image correction. The processing function is applied to the entire image unless AOI8 is enabled as “Processing ROI”. In this case the processing function will apply only to the selected ROI.

3.2.1 Threshold Operation

In many applications the binary images are much simpler to analyze that the original gray scale one. The process, which converts the regular gray scale image to binary, is called “Thresholding”. Thresholding is a special case of intensity quantization (binarisation) where the image can be segmented into foreground and background regions, having only two gray scale levels “white” and “black”.

Selecting the threshold value is very critical for the binary image quality, and it is to a great extend scene dependent. If a threshold level is chosen correctly, this will produce a well-defined boundary of the object, which is essential. In some cases it is desirable if part of the image is binary and some is grayscale image. The camera has built in four thresholding modes:

3.2.1.1 Single Threshold Binary

If the image is a high contrast scene and has well defined bright and dark regions a simple binarisation technique can be used for thresholding –

Formula 3.1. The binary image output is converted to “white” for all gray level values higher or equal to the selected threshold point X1, and to

“black” for all gray levels lower than X1. The user can set the optimal threshold value. Figure 3.1 shows the original and the processed image with single threshold.

Output signal =>

“WHITE” if (input signal

X1)

“BLACK” if (input signal < X1)

(3.1)

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3.2.1.2 Dual Threshold Binary

If the image has a low contrast and does not have well defined dark and bright regions, the simple threshold operation does not yield good results.

In such cases a dual (known also as interval or window) thresholding technique has to be implemented – Formula 3.2. The binary image output is converted to “white” for all gray level values between the selected threshold interval X1 and X2, and to “black” for all gray levels outside

(X1, X2) interval. The user can set the optimum X1 (Low) and X2 (High) threshold values, please note that X2 > X1. Figure 3.2 shows the original a processed image after a dual threshold operation.

Output signal =>

“BLACK” if (input signal

X1)

“WHITE” if (X1 < input signal < X2)

“BLACK” if (input signal

X2) (3.2)

Figure 3.1 – Original and processed image with single threshold.

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Figure 3.2 – Original and processed image with double threshold.

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3.2.1.3 Dual Threshold with Gray Scale

In some low contrast imaging applications, the simple threshold operation along with a superimposed gray scale image might yield a good result. In such cases a dual thresholding technique with a gray scale has to be implemented – Formula 3.3. The image output is a gray scale image for all gray level values between the selected threshold interval X1 and X2,

“black” for all gray levels lower than X1, and “white” for any gray levels higher than X2. The user can set the optimum X1 (Low) and X2 (High) threshold values, please note that X2 > X1. The image gray scale range is only from values X1 to X2.

Output signal =>

“BLACK” if (input signal

X1)

“Gray Scale” if (X1 < input signal < X2)

“WHITE” if (input signal

X2) (3.3)

3.2.1.4 Dual Threshold with Gray Scale Stretch

In some low contrast applications, the threshold operation along with a gray scale stretch might yield a good result – Figure 3.3. This is similar to dual threshold with a gray scale, but the image gray scale is digitally stretched to full 12 bit gray scale – Formula 3.4. The user can set the optimum X1 (Low) and X2 (High) threshold values, note that X2 > X1.

Output signal => “BLACK” if (input signal

X1)

“Full Gray Scale” if (X1 < input signal < X2)

“WHITE” if (input signal

X2) (3.4)

Figure 3.3 – Original and processed image with threshold and gray scale stretch.

3.2.2 Multi Point Correction

Multi point correction is a modification of the slope of the camera transfer function (TF), which results in the suppression or enhancement of certain image

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual regions. The original camera transfer function is linear and maps the data 1:1. The new (corrected) transfer function has one or two sets of variable (X, Y) and based on the relation between the variables a correction of certain image regions can be achieved. The camera has two built in correction modes.

3.2.2.1 Single Point Correction

The simplest image enhancement can be achieved by a linear modification of the original transfer function. If the image brightness is weighted towards a particular region (dark or bright), this region needs to be suppressed, and the less present (the flat) region needs to be enhanced.

The range of the correction is determined by the location of the break point (X1, Y1) – Figure 3.4. This point (X1, Y1) divides the camera transfer function into two regions (two lines). The slope of these lines (the angle between the X axis and the line) determines the power of the correction. If the angle is less than 45

O degrees, the grayscale range will be suppressed. If the angle is more than 45

O degrees, the grayscale range will be enhanced. The user can set the optimum (X1, Y1) values.

Y1

New

TF

O rigi na l TF

X1

Input signal

Figure 3.4 – Single point TF correction.

3.2.2.2 Multi Point Correction

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If the image brightness is weighted towards two particular region – dark and bright, and in the same time mid region has a low dynamic range a multi point correction will produce much better results compare to the single point correction. The range of the correction is determined by the location of a pair of the break point (X1, Y1) and (X2, Y2) – Figure 3.5a.

The camera transfer function is divided into three regions (three lines), which allows multiple grayscale regions to be corrected independent of each other. If the angle is less than 45

O degrees, the grayscale range will be

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suppressed, if the angle is 45

O

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual degrees, the gray scale will not change. If the angle is more than 45

O degrees, the grayscale range will be enhanced.

The user can set the optimum (X1, Y1) and (X2, Y2) values, note that X2

> X1. Figure 3.5b shows some of the most typical correction curves. If the angle in the mid range (between X1 and X2) is negative, the grayscale range will be reversed. Curve TF 1 enhances the dark image regions and suppresses the bright ones. TF 2 – suppresses the dark and bright image parts and enhances the mid range. TF 3 – enhances the bright image regions and suppresses the dark ones. TF 4 – enhances the bright and dark image parts and suppresses the mid range.

Y2

New

TF

TF 1

TF 2

Y1

TF 4

O rigi na l TF

O rigi na l TF

TF 3

X1

X2

Input signal

A

Figure 3.5 – Multi point TF correction.

B

Figure 3.6 shows an original image (left) and processed one (right). The original image has two dominant regions – predominantly dark subject with a very bright bottom section and a relatively flat gray region. To correct the image we will use “TF 1” type correction with points (650,

1950) and (2200,1760).

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Figure 3.6 – Multi point image correction (a – original, b – processed).

CAUTION NOTE

Due to space limitations in the camera FPGA, the “Image processing” module is disabled for the color Bobcat cameras. For more information please contact Imperx.

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Chapter 4

– Camera Configuration

Camera Configuration

This chapter discusses how to communicate with the camera and configure the camera‟s operating parameters.

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4.1 OVERVIEW

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The Bobcat series of cameras are highly programmable and flexible. All of the cameras resources (internal registers, video amplifiers and parameter FLASH) can be controlled by the user. The user communicates with the camera using a simple, register-based, command protocol via the Camera Link‟s serial interface. The interface is bi-directional with the user issuing „commands‟ to the camera and the camera issuing „responses‟ (either status or info) to the user. The entire camera registers and resources can be configured and monitored by the user. The camera‟s parameters can be programmed using the Bobcat Configurator graphical user interface.

4.2 CAMERA CONFIGURATION

4.2.1

Configuration Memory

– parameter FLASH

The camera has a built-in configuration memory divided into 4 segments: „workspace‟, „factory-space‟, „user-space #1‟ and „user-space #2‟. The „work-space‟ segment contains the current camera settings while the camera is powered-up and operational. All camera registers are located in this space. These registers can be programmed and retrieved via commands issued by the user. The workspace is

RAM based and upon power down all camera registers are cleared. The „factoryspace‟ segment is ROM based, write protected and contains the default camera settings. This space is available for read operations only. The „user-space #1‟ and

„user-space #2‟ are non-volatile, FLASH based and used to store two user defined configurations. Upon power up, the camera firmware loads the work-space registers from the factory-space, user-space #1 or user-space #2 as determined by a „boot control‟ register located in the configuration memory. The „boot control‟ register can be programmed by the user (refer to Camera Configuration Section).

The user can, at any time, instruct the camera to loads its workspace with the contents of the „factory-space‟, „user-space #1‟ or „user-space #2‟. Similarly, the user can instruct the camera to save the current workspace settings into either the

„user-space #1‟ or „user-space #2‟.

The non-volatile parameter FLASH memory also contains Defective Pixel Map,

Hot Pixel Map, Flat Field Correction Coefficients, LUT 1 and LUT 2, which can be loaded to the camera internal memory upon enabling the corresponding camera feature. The user can create its own DPM, HPM, FFCC, and LUT tables and upload them to the parameter FLASH using the Bobcat Configurator graphical user interface.

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4.2.3 Camera Serial Protocol

In order to access the camera registers and resources a sequence of bytes needs to be transmitted to the camera via the Camera Link serial interface. This is an

RS232, asynchronous, full-duplex, serial protocol, with 1 start bit, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no hand shake, and no parity – Figure 3.1. The default baud rate is configurable (9600, 19200, 38400, 57600 and 115200 – default).

Figure 4.1 – Serial protocol format

Each camera control register can be updated independently. In terms of the serial protocol, all registers are defined as 16-bit address (hex format), and 32-bit data

(hex format). Camera registers using less than 32-bits in width must be padded with „0‟s on writes, and unused bits are ignored on reads. Register data is always

“packed low” within 32-bit data words for registers defined less than 32-bits.

There is a latency delay for each command due to command execution and data transmission over the serial port. This latency varies from command to command because of resource location and command response length.

4.2.3.1 Write Operation

In order to write to any given camera register, a sequence of 7 bytes should be sent to the camera. If there is no error the camera returns one byte acknowledge for the write command <Ack> - Figure 3.2. If there is an error the camera returns two bytes not-acknowledge for the write command – the first byte is <Nac> <Err>, the second is the error code – Figure 3.3a,b:

Write to camera (7 Bytes): <Write_Cmd> < Address > < Data >

1 st byte: 0x57 (Write Command)

2 nd byte: < Register Address_High > MSB rd

3 th byte: < Register Address_Low > LSB

4 th byte: < Register Data Byte 4 > MSB

5 byte: < Register Data Byte 3

> …

6 th th byte: < Register Data Byte 2

> …

7 byte: < Register Data Byte 1 > LSB

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Write Acknowledge (1 Byte): <Ack>

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1 st byte: 0x06 (Acknowledge)

Wr_Cmd

Addr

Data

Rx

57 04 10 11 22 33 44

Ack

Tx

06

Figure 4.2 – Normal write cycle

Write Not-acknowledge (2 Bytes): <Nak> < Error Code > st

1 nd byte: 0x15 (Not-acknowledge)

2 byte: < XX > (Nck Error Code. See Error Code Description section)

Cmd These characters are dropped

Rx

47 04 10

Nak Invalid Cmd

11 22 33 44

* * * *

* * * * All subsequent Rx characters are dropped until the receipt of a valid

( 52 or 57 ) command

Tx 15 01

Figure 4.3a – Invalid command error

Wr_Cmd Addr

These characters are dropped

Rx

57 04 10 11 22

33 44

* * * * t=0

Nak

Timeout t=100 mS

Tx

* * * * All subsequent Rx characters are dropped until the receipt of a valid

( 52 or 57 ) command

15 02

Figure 4.3b – Rx timeout error

Example: Write to register address 0x0410, data value = 0x11223344:

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Camera Write Command : <0x57>

<04> <10> <11> <22> <33> <44>

4.2.3.2 Read Operation

In order to read from any given camera register, a sequence of 3 bytes should be sent to the camera. If there is no error the camera returns 5 bytes – one byte acknowledge for the read command <Ack> and four bytes of data <DD>

<DD> <DD> <DD> - Figure 3.4. During read operation the camera does not return an error or <Nac>. The only exception is the case of invalid command –

Figure 3.3a. If the user specifies a wrong address, the camera returns acknowledge <06> and four bytes of data <

00 > < 00 > < 00 > < 00

>.

Read from camera (3 Bytes) : <Read_Cmd> < Address > st

1 nd byte: 0x52 (Read Command)

2 rd byte: <Register Address_High> MSB

3 byte: <Register Address_Low> LSB

The camera returns (5 bytes) : <ACK> < Data > st

1 nd byte: 0x06 (Acknowledge)

2 byte: < Register Data Byte 4 > MSB rd

3 th byte: < Register Data Byte 3

> …

5 th byte: < Register Data Byte 2

> …

6 byte: < Register Data Byte 1 > LSB

Rd_Cmd Addr

Rx

52 04 10

Ack

Data

Tx

06 11 22 33

Figure 4.4 – Normal read cycle

Example: Read from camera register address 0x0410:

Camera Read Command : <0x52> <

04 > < 10 >

Camera returns register data payload value 0x11223344:

Register data <0x06> <

11 > < 22 > < 33 > < 44 >

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4.2.3.3 Error Code Description

To manage camera reliability, not-acknowledge error codes are defined as follows: x00 – No error x01 – Invalid command. An invalid command (not 52 or 57) has been sent to the camera. x02 – Time-out. x03 – Checksum error x04 – Value less then minimum x05 – Value higher than maximum x06 – AGC error x07 – Supervisor mode error x08 – Mode not supported error

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4.3 CAMERA CONFIGURATION REGISTER DESCRIPTION

4.3.1 Startup Procedure

Upon power on or receipt of an ‘SW_Reset’ command, the camera performs the following steps:

1. Boot loader checks Program FLASH memory for a valid Firmware image and loads it into the FPGA.

2. The camera reads the „Boot From‟ register from the parameter FLASH and loads its workspace from one of the configuration spaces as determined by the

„Boot From‟ data. The available configuration spaces are:

‘Factory…’,

‘User #1…’, ‘User #2…’

3. The camera is initialized and ready to accept user commands.

4.3.2 Saving and Restoring Settings

Operational settings for the camera may be stored for later retrieval in its nonvolatile memory. Three separate configuration spaces exist for storing these settings: „factory‟ space, „user #1‟ space and „user #2‟ space. The factory space is pre-programmed by factory personnel during the manufacturing process. This space is write protected and cannot be altered by the user. Two user spaces are also provided allowing the user to store his/her own preferences. The camera can be commanded to load its internal workspace, from either of the three configuration spaces, at any time. The user can also define from which space the camera should automatically load itself following a power cycle or receipt of a reset (

‘SW_Reset’

) command.

4.3.2.1 Boot From

This register determines which configuration space (factory, user#1 or user

#2) should be loaded into the camera following a power cycle or reset

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( ‘SW_Reset’ ) command. Upon a power cycle or reset, the camera reads the

„boot from‟ value from non-volatile memory and loads the appropriate configuration space.

Address

Data (1- 0)

:

:

0x6000

00 – Boot from Factory

Data (31- 2)

:

:

01 – Boot from User #1

10 – Boot from User #2

N/A

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4.3.2.2 Load From Factory

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

The

‘Load From Factory’

command instructs the camera to load its workspace from the factory space. All current workspace settings will be replaced with the contents of the factory space. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the load from the factory.

Address : 0x6060

4.3.2.3 Load From User #1

The ‘Load From User #1’ command instructs the camera to load its workspace from the user #1 space. All current workspace settings will be replaced with the contents of the user #1 space. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the load from the user #1.

Address : 0x6064

4.3.2.4 Load From User #2

The ‘Load From User #2’ command instructs the camera to load its workspace from the user #2 space. All current workspace settings will be replaced with the contents of the user #2 space. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the load from the user #2.

Address : 0x6068

4.3.2.5 Load MFG Default Gain

The ‘Load MFG Default Gain’ command instructs the camera to load its default gain and offset settings from the manufacturing space. Different settings will be loaded for “slow” and “fast” camera speed. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the load the default gain and offset settings.

Address : 0x606C

4.3.2.6 Save to User #1

The ‘Save To User #1’ command instructs the camera to save its workspace to the user #1 space. All current workspace settings will be saved to the user #1 space. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the save to user #1 space.

Address : 0x6074

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4.3.2.7 Save to User #2

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

The

‘Save To User #2’

command instructs the camera to save its workspace to the user #2 space. All current workspace settings will be saved to the user #2 space. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the save to user #2 space.

Address : 0x6078

4.3.2.8 SW_Reset

The ‘SW_Reset’ command instructs the camera to initiate software reset, which resets the camera and loads its workspace from one of the configuration spaces as determined by the „Boot From‟ data.

Although, this is a command, the user MUST write a specific data 0xDEADBEEF in order to initiate the reset sequence.

Address

Data

:

:

0x601C

0xDEADBEEF

4.3.2.9 BAUD Rate Selector

This register sets the communication baud rate between the camera and computer.

Address

Data (2:0)

Data (31:3)

:

:

:

0x0604

000 – 9600

001 – 19200

010 – 38400

011 – 57600

100 – 115200 (default)

N/A

4.3.3 Retrieving Manufacturing Data

The camera contains non-volatile memory that stores manufacturing related information. This information is programmed in the factory during the manufacturing process.

4.3.3.1 Firmware Revision

This register returns the camera main firmware revision.

Address

Data (31:28)

: 0x6004

: <FW image>

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Data (27:24) : <CCD Type>

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Data (23:0) : <FW revision>

4.3.3.2 Firmware Build Number

This register returns the firmware build number, which tracks custom firmware for specific applications.

Address :

Data :

0x6008

<FBN revision>

4.3.3.3 Assembly Part Number

This register returns the camera assembly part number – the complete assembly part number is 4 registers.

Address :

Data :

0x7004, 0x7008, 0x700C, 0x7010

<Assembly Part Number>

4.3.3.4 Camera Serial Number

This register returns the camera serial number – the complete serial number is

2 registers.

Address :

Data :

0x7014, 0x7018

<Camera Serial Number>

4.3.3.5 CCD Serial Number

This register returns the CCD imager number – the complete CCD number is

2 registers.

Address :

Data :

0x701C, 0x7020

<CCD Serial Number>

4.3.3.6 Date of Manufacture

This register returns the camera date of manufacture – The complete date of manufacture is 2 registers.

Address :

Data :

4.3.3.7 Camera Type

0x7024, 0x7028

<Date of Manufacture>

This register returns the camera type – The complete assembly is 4 registers.

Address :

Data :

0x702C, 0x7030, 0x7034, 0x7038

<Camera Type>

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4.3.4 Camera Information Registers

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

The camera has a set of information registers, which provide information for the camera current status, frame rate, exposure time, image size, etc.

4.3.4.1 Horizontal Frame Size (Max, Min)

This register returns the minimum/maximum horizontal image frame size in pixels. The maximum horizontal image size is a dynamic parameter and changes based on the LVAL selection.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31:16)

:

:

:

0x6080

<Minimum Horizontal Size>

<Maximum Horizontal Size>

4.3.4.2 Vertical Frame Size (Max, Min)

This register returns the minimum/maximum vertical image frame size in lines. The maximum vertical image size is a dynamic parameter and changes based on the FVAL selection.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31:16)

:

:

:

0x6084

<Minimum Vertical Size>

<Maximum Vertical Size>

4.3.4.3 Current Minimum Frame Time

This register returns the current minimum frame time in us.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x6088

<Minimum Frame Time>

N/A

4.3.4.4 Current Minimum Line Time

This register returns the current minimum line time in pixels.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31- 16) :

:

:

0x608C

N/A

<Minimum Line Time>

4.3.4.5 Current Minimum Exposure

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This register returns the current minimum possible camera exposure time in us.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x6094

<Minimum Camera Exposure>

N/A

160 of 265

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4.3.4.6 Current Maximum Exposure

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register returns the current camera maximum exposure time in us. The maximum camera exposure is a dynamic parameter and changes based on the camera mode of operation.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x6090

<Current Maximum Camera Exposure>

N/A

4.3.4.7 Current Camera Exposure

This register returns the current camera exposure time in us.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

4.3.4.8 Current Frame Time

0x609C

<Current Exposure Time>

N/A

This register returns the current camera frame time in us.

Address

Data (23:0)

:

:

Data (31:24) :

4.3.4.9 Current Image Size

0x60A0

<Current Frame Time>

N/A

This register returns the current image frame size in pixels. The image size is a dynamic parameter and changes based on the camera mode of operation.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31:16)

4.3.4.10

:

:

:

0x60B0

<Current Horizontal Size>

<Current Vertical Size>

Current Gain & Luminance Status

This register returns the current analog gain and the current average image luminance during normal, AGC and Tap Balance operation.

The Current Analog Gain (register bits D11:D0) displays:

- The current slider gain for tap 1 during normal operation.

- The calculated AGC gain for tap1 when AGC/AEC is enabled.

- The calculated analog gain for tap 2 when tab balancing is enabled.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (23:12)

Data (24)

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:

:

:

:

0x60B4

<Current Analog Gain>

<Current Average Luminance>

<Analog Gain Minimum Limit Reached>

161 of 265

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Data (25)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: < Analog Gain Maximum Limit Reached>

Data (27, 26) : N/A

Data (28)

Data (29)

Data (31, 30) :

:

:

4.3.4.11

<Exposure Minimum Limit Reached>

<Exposure Maximum Limit Reached>

N/A

Current Camera Temperature

This register returns the current camera temperature in degrees Celsius. The temperature resolution is 0.25°C – Table 3.1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x6010

<Current Camera Temperature>

N/A

Temperature

Register Value

+127.75 °C

...

01 1111 1111

...

+0.25 °C

0° C

-0.25 °C

...

-128 °C

00 0000 0001

00 0000 0000

11 1111 1111

...

10 0000 0000

Table 3.1 – Current camera temperature values

4.3.5 Image Size (AOI) Workspace Registers

4.3.5.1 Scan Mode Control

This register sets the current CCD readout (scan) mode. The default CCD scanning mode for all Bobcat cameras is progressive, where all pixels within the same exposure period are read out simultaneously. Some CCD imagers allow a sub-sampled scan (center only), where only a sub-section of the pixels are readout, thus providing a higher camera frame rate.

Address : 0x0504

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

0 – normal – progressive scan

1 – center – sub-sampled (partial) scan

N/A

4.3.5.2 Vertical Binning Mode

This register sets the current binning format in vertical direction. Five possible vertical binning options are possible.

Address

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: 0x0500

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Data (2:0)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 000 – 1x vertical binning

001 – 2x vertical binning

Data (31:3) :

010 – 3x vertical binning

011 – 4x vertical binning

100 – 8x vertical binning

N/A

4.3.5.3 Horizontal Binning Mode

This register sets the current binning format in horizontal direction. Five possible horizontal binning options are possible.

Address

Data (2:0)

Data (31:3)

4.3.5.4 MAOI

:

:

:

0x0204

000 – 1x horizontal binning

001 – 2x horizontal binning

010 – 3x horizontal binning

011 – 4x horizontal binning

100 – 8x horizontal binning

N/A

This set of register enables MAOI and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

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MAOI Enable

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0208

0 – MAOI disable

1 – MAOI enable

N/A Data (31:1) :

MAOI Horizontal Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x0248

<value> MAOI offset in horizontal direction

Data (31:12) : N/A

MAOI Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0228

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> MAOI width in horizontal direction

N/A

MAOI Vertical Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

Data (31:12) :

0x0288

<value> MAOI offset in vertical direction

N/A

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MAOI Vertical Height

Address : 0x0268

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> MAOI height in vertical direction

N/A

4.3.5.5 AOI 1

This set of register enables AOI #1 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 1 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x020C

00 – AOI 1 disable

01 – AOI 1 include

10 – AOI 1 exclude

11 – N/A

N/A Data (31:2) :

AOI 1 Horizontal Offset

Address : 0x024C

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 1 offset in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 1 Horizontal Width

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x022C

<value> AOI 1 width in horizontal direction

N/A Data (31:12) :

AOI 1 Vertical Offset

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

0x028C

<value> AOI 1 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 1 Vertical Height

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

: Data (31:12)

4.3.5.6 AOI 2

0x026C

<value> AOI 1 height in vertical direction

N/A

This set of register enables AOI #2 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 2 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0210

00 – AOI 2 disable

01 – AOI 2 include

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Data (31:1)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

:

10 – AOI 2 exclude

11 – N/A

N/A

AOI 2 Horizontal Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x0250

<value> AOI 2 offset in horizontal direction

Data (31:12) : N/A

AOI 2 Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0230

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 2 width in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 2 Vertical Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0290

<value> AOI 2 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 2 Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

4.3.5.7 AOI 3

0x0270

<value> AOI 2 height in vertical direction

N/A

This set of register enables AOI #3 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 3 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0214

00 – AOI 3 disable

01 – AOI 3 include

10 – AOI 3 exclude

Data (31:2) :

11 – N/A

N/A

AOI 3 Horizontal Offset

Address : 0x0254

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 3 offset in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 3 Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0234

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 3 width in horizontal direction

N/A

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AOI 3 Vertical Offset

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0294

<value> AOI 3 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 3 Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

4.3.5.8 AOI 4

0x0274

<value> AOI 3 height in vertical direction

N/A

This set of register enables AOI #4 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 4 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0218

00 – AOI 4 disable

01 – AOI 4 include

10 – AOI 4 exclude

11 – N/A

N/A Data (31:2) :

AOI 4 Horizontal Offset

Address : 0x0258

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 4 offset in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 4 Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0238

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 4 width in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 4 Vertical Offset

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

0x0298

<value> AOI 4 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 4 Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

0x0278

<value> AOI 4 height in vertical direction

N/A

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4.3.5.9 AOI 5

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This set of register enables AOI #5 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 5 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x021C

00 – AOI 5 disable

01 – AOI 5 include

10 – AOI 5 exclude

11 – N/A

N/A

AOI 5 Horizontal Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x025C

<value> AOI 5 offset in horizontal direction

Data (31:12) : N/A

AOI 5 Horizontal Width

Address : 0x023C

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 5 width in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 5 Vertical Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x029C

<value> AOI 5 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 5 Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

4.3.5.10 AOI 6

0x027C

<value> AOI 5 height in vertical direction

N/A

This set of register enables AOI #6 and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction.

AOI 6 Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

:

0x0220

00 – AOI 6 disable

01 – AOI 6 include

10 – AOI 6 exclude

11 – N/A

N/A Data (31:2)

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AOI 6 Horizontal Offset

Address : 0x0260

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

:

:

<value> AOI 6 offset in horizontal direction

N/A

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

AOI 6 Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0240

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> AOI 6 width in horizontal direction

N/A

AOI 6 Vertical Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x02A0

<value> AOI 6 offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI 6 Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

4.3.5.11 Frame Rate Control

0x0280

<value> AOI 6 height in vertical direction

N/A

This register enables the camera frame rate to stay the same and to be independent of the AOI vertical window size. If enabled the camera frame rate will increase when the vertical window size decreases.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0200

0 – constant frame rate disable

Data (31:1) :

4.3.5.12 LVAL Size Control

1 – constant frame rate enable

N/A

This register sets the number of active image pixels per line (LVAL). Two possible options are available – “all visible pixels” or “active pixels only”.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

Data (31:1) :

4.3.5.13 FVAL Size Control

0x05A8

0 – display active pixels only

1 – display all visible pixels

N/A

This register sets the number of active image lines per frame (FVAL). Two possible options are available – “all visible lines” or “active lines only”.

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Address

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 0x05AC

Data (0) : 0 – display active lines only

Data (31:1) :

1 – display all visible lines

N/A

4.3.6 Exposure Control Workspace Registers

4.3.6.1 Exposure Control Mode

This register sets the exposure control mode and for the camera.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0544

00 – off – no exposure control

01 – pulse width – the duration of the selected trigger pulse determines the exposure during triggering

10 – internal – exposure control register 0x0548 sets the camera exposure

11 – external – an external signal via the camera I/O determines the exposure.

N/A Data (31:2) :

4.3.6.2 Exposure Time Absolute

This register sets the actual camera exposure time when “Internal” exposure mode is selected.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x0548

<value> – actual exposure time in micro seconds.

N/A

4.3.6.3 Programmable Line Time Enable

This register enables a programmable line time mode. The user can extend the camera line time beyond the camera free-running line time. This applies to all lines in the frame.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x054C

0 – disable programmable line time.

Data (31:1) :

1 – enable programmable line time

N/A

4.3.6.4 Programmable Line Time Absolute

This register sets the actual line time in pixels.

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Address

Data (12:0)

:

:

0x0554

<value> – actual line time in pixels.

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Data (31:13) : N/A

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

4.3.6.5 Programmable Frame Time Enable

This register enables a programmable frame time mode. The user can extend the camera frame time beyond the camera free-running frame time up to ~ 16 seconds. This is also known as long integration.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0550

0 – disable programmable frame time.

Data (31:1) :

1 – enable programmable frame time

N/A

4.3.6.6 Programmable Frame Time Absolute

This register sets the actual frame time in microseconds.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x0558

<value> – actual frame time in micro seconds.

N/A

4.3.6.7 Camera Speed Selection

This register sets the camera speed. Two modes are available – normal and fast (over-clocked). The free-running frame rate increases in fast mode.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0608

0 – normal speed.

1 – fast speed.

N/A

4.3.7 AEC, AGC, AIC Workspace Registers

4.3.7.1 Auto Exposure Control (AEC)

This register enables the auto exposure control.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0150

0 – disable auto exposure control

1 – enable auto exposure control

N/A Data (31:1) :

4.3.7.2 Maximum Exposure Time Limit

This register sets the maximum exposure time limit during AEC. The automatic exposure control process will keep the camera exposure always below the set level. This is to prevent motion smear. The Minimum Exposure

Time Limit is factory preset.

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Address

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 0x05B0

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

<value> – maximum exposure time limit

N/A

4.3.7.3 Exposure Correction Speed

This register sets the exposure correction speed during AEC. The automatic exposure control process can set the algorithm convergence speed, i.e. how long it takes to reach the desired exposure.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0174

00 – 1x speed – slow

01 – 2x speed

10 – 3x speed

Data (31:2) :

11 – 4x speed – fast

N/A

4.3.7.4 Auto Gain Control (AGC)

This register enables the auto gain control.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

Data (31:1) :

4.3.7.5 Maximum Gain Limit

0x0154

0 – disable auto gain control

1 – enable auto gain control

N/A

This register sets the maximum analog gain limit during AGC. The automatic gain control process will keep the camera analog gain always below the set level. The Minimum Analog Gain Limit is factory preset.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x0160

<value> – maximum analog gain limit

N/A

4.3.7.6 Gain Correction Speed

This register sets the gain correction speed during AGC. The automatic gain control process can set the algorithm convergence speed, i.e. how long it takes to reach the desired gain.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2) :

:

:

0x0178

00 – 1x speed – slow

01 – 2x speed

10 – 3x speed

11 – 4x speed – fast

N/A

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4.3.7.7 Luminance Level Threshold

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register sets the desired luminance level to be maintained during AEC or

AGC process.

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x0158

<value> – desired luminance level

Data (31:12) : N/A

4.3.7.8 Luminance Type Selection

This register sets the luminance mode to be used during AEC or AGC process.

The correction algorithm can use the average luminance for the entire frame or the peak luminance in the frame.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x017C

00 – average luminance

01 – peak luminance

10 or 11 – reserved

N/A

4.3.7.9 Region of Interest Selection (AOI)

This set of register sets the region of interest to be used during AEC or AGC process. The correction algorithm can use as a sampling (data collection) region the entire frame or only a portion (AOI) of it.

AOI Horizontal Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

Data (31:12) :

AOI Horizontal Width

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

AOI Vertical Offset

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0168

<value> AOI offset in horizontal direction

N/A

0x0164

<value> AOI width in horizontal direction

N/A

0x0170

<value> AOI offset in vertical direction

N/A

AOI Vertical Height

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

0x016C

<value> AOI height in vertical direction

N/A

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4.3.7.10 Auto Iris Control (AIC)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register enables the auto iris control.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x014C

0 – disable auto iris control

1 – enable auto iris control

Data (31:1) : N/A

Gain and Offset Workspace Registers

4.3.8 Video Amp, Gain and Offset Workspace Registers

4.3.8.1 Pre-amplifier Gain – Channel 1

This register sets the pre-amplifier analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0000

00 – -3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

01 – 0.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

10 – +3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

11 – +6.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

N/A Data (31:2) :

4.3.8.2 Analog Gain – Channel 1

This register sets the main analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x0004

<value> – analog gain channel 1

N/A

4.3.8.3 Analog Offset – Channel 1

This register sets the analog offset for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x0008

<value> – analog offset channel 1

N/A

4.3.8.4 Pre-amplifier Gain – Channel 2

This register sets the pre-amplifier analog gain for channel 2.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x0010

00 – -3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 2

01 – 0.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 2

10 – +3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 2

11 – +6.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 2

N/A

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 173 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

4.3.8.5 Analog Gain – Channel 2

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register sets the main analog gain for channel 2.

Address

Data (9:0)

:

:

0x0014

<value> – analog gain channel 2

Data (31:10) : N/A

4.3.8.6 Analog Offset – Channel 2

This register sets the analog offset for channel 2.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x0018

<value> – analog offset channel 2

N/A

4.3.8.7 Pre-amplifier Gain – Channel 3

This register sets the pre-amplifier analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0020

00 – -3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

01 – 0.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

10 – +3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

11 – +6.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

N/A Data (31:2) :

4.3.8.8 Analog Gain – Channel 3

This register sets the main analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

:

:

:

0x0024

<value> – analog gain channel 1

N/A

4.3.8.9 Analog Offset – Channel 3

This register sets the analog offset for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

:

:

0x0028

<value> – analog offset channel 1

Data (31:10)

4.3.8.10

: N/A

Pre-amplifier Gain – Channel 4

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

This register sets the pre-amplifier analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0030

00 – -3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

01 – 0.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

10 – +3.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

174 of 265

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Data (31:2)

4.3.8.11

:

11 – +6.0 dB pre-amplifier gain channel 1

N/A

Analog Gain – Channel 4

This register sets the main analog gain for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

4.3.8.12

:

:

:

0x0034

<value> – analog gain channel 1

N/A

Analog Offset – Channel 4

This register sets the analog offset for channel 1.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

4.3.8.13

:

:

:

Digital Gain

0x0038

<value> – analog offset channel 1

N/A

This register sets the main digital gain. The digital gain is applied to both channels. The step is 0.1x

Address

Data (4:0)

Data (31:5)

4.3.8.14

:

:

:

Digital Offset

0x0180

<value> – digital gain

N/A

This register sets the main digital offset. The digital offset is applied to both cannels.

Address

Data (9:0)

Data (31:10)

4.3.8.15

:

:

:

0x0184

<value> – digital offset

N/A

Black Level Correction

This register enables the black level correction.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x0114

0 – disable black level correction

1 – enable black level correction

N/A

4.3.8.16 Tap Balance

This register enables the tap balance. If the “Tap balance once” is to be used, the register has to be set every time from “00” to “10”.

Address

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

: 0x0110

175 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

Data (1:0)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 00 – no tap balance

01 – dynamic automatic tap balance

Data (31:2) :

10 – dynamic balance taps once

11 – static automatic tap balance

N/A

4.3.9 Triggering Workspace Registers

4.3.9.1 Trigger Input Selector

This register selects the triggering source.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x0508

000 – off – no trigger, free running mode – CL only

(this is not available for GigE cameras)

001 – external – the camera expects the trigger to come from the external source mapped to the power and I/O connector.

010 – internal – the camera expects the trigger to come from the programmable pulse generator.

011 – computer – the camera expects the trigger to come from the camera link cable.

100 – software trigger – expects a one clock cycles pulse generated by the computer. The trigger exposure is internal register controlled. Pulse duration exposure is not allowed.

Data (31:3) :

101 to 111 – N/A

N/A

4.3.9.2 Trigger Input Mode – GigE cameras

This register enables or disables the triggering operation for GigE cameras.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x05BC

1 – trigger is disabled, free running mode

0 – trigger is enabled – camera is in trigger mode

N/A

4.3.9.3 Software Trigger Start

The ‘Start SW Trigger’ command instructs the camera to generate one short trigger pulse. This is a command, not a register. The act of writing to this location initiates the pulse generation.

Address : 0x6030

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 176 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

4.3.9.4 Triggering Edge Selector

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register selects the triggering edge – Rising or Falling.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x050C

0 – rising edge

1 – falling edge

N/A Data (31:1) :

4.3.9.5 Trigger De-bounce Time

This register selects the trigger signal de-bounce time. Any subsequent trigger signals coming to the camera within the de-bounce time interval will be ignored.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x0510

000 – no de-bounce

100 – 10

 s de-bounce time

101 – 50

 s de-bounce time

001 – 100

 s de-bounce time

110 – 500

 s de-bounce time

010 – 1.0 ms de-bounce time

111 – 5.0 ms de-bounce time

011 – 10.0 ms de-bounce time

N/A Data (31:3) :

4.3.9.6 Trigger Overlap

This register selects the trigger overlap mode. If the camera receives a trigger pulse while the camera is still processing the previous trigger, the user has the option to ignore the incoming trigger or to terminate the previous process and to start a new one.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x0514

00 – ignore the next trigger

01 – accept only after the exposure is completed

10 – accept at any time

11 – N/A

N/A

4.3.9.7 Triggering Mode Selection

This register selects the triggering mode.

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

Address

Data (3:0)

:

:

0x0518

0x0 – standard triggering

0x1 – fast triggering

177 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

0x2 – double triggering

0x3 – frame accumulation

0x4 – asynchronous triggering

0x5 to 0xF – reserved

N/A Data (31:4) :

4.3.9.8 Number of Frames Captured

This register selects the number of frames captured after each trigger signal.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31:16)

:

:

:

0x051C

<value> – # of frames captured

N/A

4.3.9.9 Number of Pulses Used

This register selects the number of trigger pulses used during a single trigger sequence in frame accumulation mode.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (31:16)

4.3.9.10

:

:

:

0x0520

<value> – # of pulses used

N/A

Trigger Exposure Delay

This register selects the delay between the trigger signal and the beginning of exposure. The actual exposure can set using “Exposure Time Absolute” register 0x0548.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

4.3.9.11

:

:

:

0x0528

<value> – exposure delay in microseconds

N/A

Trigger Strobe Enable

This register enables a strobe signal synchronous with the trigger pulse. The strobe signal is mapped to one or both of the available strobe outputs.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x0524

00 – no strobe signal

01 – enable Strobe #1

10 – enable Strobe #2

11 – enable Strobe #1 and Strobe #2

N/A

4.3.9.12 Trigger Strobe Position Delay

This register sets the delay between the trigger pulse and the strobe pulse.

Address

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

: 0x052C

178 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

Data (23:0)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: <value> – trigger strobe delay

Data (31:24) : N/A

4.3.9.13 Trigger Strobe Pulse Duration

This register sets the strobe pulse duration.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x05B8

<value> – trigger strobe duration

N/A

4.3.10 Pulse Generator Workspace Registers

4.3.10.1 Pulse Generator Timing Granularity

This register sets the pulse generator main timing resolution. The main resolution is in microseconds, and 4 granularity steps are possible – x1, x10, x100, x1000 (x1000 is equal to 1ms timing resolution).

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0530

00 – x1

01 – x10

10 – x100

Data (31:2) :

11 – x1000

N/A

4.3.10.2 Pulse Generator Pulse Width

This register sets the value of the pulse width in microseconds.

Address

Data (18:0)

:

:

0x0534

<value> – pulse width in microseconds

Data (31:19) : N/A

4.3.10.3 Pulse Generator Pulse Period

This register sets the value of the pulse period in microseconds.

Address

Data (19:0)

Data (31:20)

:

:

:

0x0538

<value> – pulse width in microseconds

N/A

4.3.10.4 Pulse Generator Number of Pulses

This register sets the number of the pulses generated.

Address

Data (15:0)

Data (16)

:

:

:

0x053C

<value> – number of discrete pulses

1 – continuous pulse generation

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 179 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

Data (31:17) : N/A

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

4.3.10.5 Pulse Generator Enable

This register enables the pulse generator.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0540

0 – disable pulse generator operation

1 – enable pulse generator operation

N/A

4.3.11 Test Pattern Workspace Registers

4.3.11.1 Test Mode Select

This register selects the test mode pattern.

Address

Data (3:0)

:

:

0x012C

0x0 – no test pattern

0x1 – black image – 0x000

0x2 – gray image – 0x1FF

0x3 – white image – 0xFFF

0x4 – steady horizontal image ramp

0x5 – steady vertical image ramp

0x6 – moving horizontal image ramp

0x7 – moving vertical image ramp

0x8 – 8 gray scale vertical bars

0x9 – H & V lines superimposed over live image

0xA to 0xF - reserved

N/A Data (31:4) :

4.3.11.2 H & V Lines Superimpose Enable

This register enables the H & V lines superimposed over live image.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0130

0 – disable lines superimposed

1 – enable lines superimposed

N/A

4.3.11.3 H1 Superimposed Line Position

This register set the position of the horizontal line H1 (top) position.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

:

:

:

0x0138

<value> – H1 line position

N/A

180 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

4.3.11.4 H2 Superimposed Line Position

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register set the position of the horizontal line H2 (bottom) position.

Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x013C

<value> – H2 line position

Data (31:12) : N/A

4.3.11.5 V1 Superimposed Column Position

This register set the position of the vertical column V1 (left) position.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0140

<value> – V1 column position

N/A

4.3.11.6 V2 Superimposed Column Position

This register set the position of the vertical column V2 (right) position.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0144

<value> – V2 column position

N/A

4.3.11.7 Superimposed Lines Brightness

This register set the brightness of the superimposed cross and H & V lines.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0148

<value> – line brightness

N/A

4.3.11.8 Center Cross Superimpose Enable

This register enables center cross, superimposed over live image. This shows the optical image center.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0134

0 – disable cross superimposed

1 – enable cross superimposed

N/A

4.3.12 Input/output Workspace Registers

4.3.12.1 CC1 Input Polarity

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the CC1 input.

Address : 0x0570

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 181 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

Data (0)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 0 – active LOW

Data (31:1) :

1 – active HIGH

N/A

4.3.12.2 CC1 Input Mapping

This register maps the CC1 camera input to various internal signals.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x0574

000 – no mapping

001 – computer trigger

010 – reserved

011 – exposure control

100 – H sync

Data (31:3) :

4.3.12.3 CC2 Input Polarity

101 – V sync

110, 111 – Reserved

N/A

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the CC2 input.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

Data (31:1) :

4.3.12.4 CC2 Input Mapping

0x0578

0 – active LOW

1 – active HIGH

N/A

This register maps CC2 camera input to various internal signals.

Address

Data (2:0)

Data (31:3)

:

:

:

0x057C

000 – no mapping

001 – computer trigger

010 – reserved

011 – exposure control

100 – H sync

101 – V sync

110, 111 – Reserved

N/A

4.3.12.5 IN1 Input Polarity

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the IN1 input.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0580

0 – active LOW

1 – active HIGH

N/A

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 182 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

4.3.12.6 IN1 Input Mapping

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register maps the IN1 camera input to various internal signals.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x0584

000 – no mapping

001 – reserved

010 – external trigger

011 – exposure control

100 – H sync

Data (31:3) :

4.3.12.7 IN2 Input Polarity

101 – V sync

110, 111 – Reserved

N/A

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the IN2 input.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

Data (31:1) :

4.3.12.8 IN2 Input Mapping

0x0588

0 – active LOW

1 – active HIGH

N/A

This register maps the IN2 camera input to various internal signals.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x058C

000 – no mapping

001 – reserved

010 – external trigger

011 – exposure control

100 – H sync

101 – V sync

110, 111 – Reserved

N/A Data (31:3) :

4.3.12.9 OUT1 Output Polarity

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the OUT1 output.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0590

0 – active LOW

1 – active HIGH

N/A Data (31:1) :

4.3.12.10OUT1 Output Mapping

This register maps the various internal signals to OUT1 camera output.

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 183 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

Address

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 0x0594

Data (3:0) : 0000 – no mapping

0001 – exposure start

0010 – exposure end

0011 – mid exposure

0100 – active exposure window

0101 – H sync

0110 – V sync

0111 – odd/even frame flag

1000 – trigger pulse actual

1001 – trigger pulse delayed

1010 – camera ready

1011 – pulse generator

1100 – strobe #1

1101 – strobe #2

1110 – Software (Bit Toggle)

Others – reserved

N/A Data (31:4) :

4.3.12.11OUT2 Output Polarity

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the OUT2 output.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x0598

0 – active LOW

1 – active HIGH

N/A Data (31:1) :

4.3.12.12OUT2 Output Mapping

This register maps the various internal signals to OUT2 camera output.

Address

Data (3:0)

:

:

0x059C

0000 – no mapping

0001 – exposure start

0010 – exposure end

0011 – mid exposure

0100 – active exposure window

0101 – H sync

0110 – V sync

0111 – odd/even frame flag

1000 – trigger pulse actual

1001 – trigger pulse delayed

1010 – camera ready

1011 – pulse generator

1100 – strobe #1

1101 – strobe #2

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 184 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

1110 – Software (Bit Toggle)

Others – reserved

N/A Data (31:4) :

4.3.12.13 CLSP Output Polarity

This register sets the polarity (active Low or High) for the CLSP (Camera

Link cable Spare) output.

Address

Data (0)

:

:

0x05A0

0 – active LOW

Data (31:1) :

1 – active HIGH

N/A

4.3.12.14 CLSP Output Mapping

This register maps the various internal signals to CLSP camera output.

Address

Data (3:0)

:

:

0x05A4

0000 – no mapping

0001 – exposure start

0010 – exposure end

0011 – mid exposure

0100 – active exposure window

0101 – H sync

0110 – V sync

0111 – odd/even frame flag

1000 – trigger pulse actual

1001 – trigger pulse delayed

1010 – camera ready

1011 – pulse generator

1100 – strobe #1

1101 – strobe #2

Data (31:4) :

Others – reserved

N/A

4.3.12.15 Strobe #1 Select

This register sets the Strobe #1 mode of operation.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x055C

00 – disable Strobe #1

01 – enable Strobe #1 each frame

10 – enable Strobe #1 odd frames only

11 – enable Strobe #1 even frames only

N/A

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 185 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

4.3.12.16 Strobe #1 Position

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register sets the position of the strobe #1 pulse with respect of the end of the frame.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

4.3.12.17 Strobe #2 Select

0x0568

<value> – strobe #1 pulse positions in microseconds

N/A

This register sets the Strobe #2 mode of operation.

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

Data (31:2) :

4.3.12.18 Strobe #2 Position

0x0560

00 – disable Strobe #2

01 – enable Strobe #2 each frame

10 – enable Strobe #2 odd frames only

11 – enable Strobe #2 even frames only

N/A

This register sets the position of the strobe #2 pulse with respect of the end of the frame.

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x056C

<value> – strobe #2 pulse positions in microseconds

N/A

4.3.12.19 Strobe #1 Duration

This register sets the duration of the strobe pulse (the same for both strobes).

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x0564

<value> – strobe pulse duration in microseconds

N/A

4.3.12.20 Strobe #2 Duration

This register sets the duration of the strobe pulse (the same for both strobes).

Address

Data (23:0)

Data (31:24)

:

:

:

0x05B4

<value> – strobe pulse duration in microseconds

N/A

4.3.13 Output Data Format

4.3.13.1 Bit Dept/Format Selector

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006 186 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register selects the bit depth output for the camera.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

0x0100

000 – 8-bit

001 – 10-bit

010 – 12-bit

Data (31:3) :

4.3.13.2 Tap Mode Selector

011 – 14-bit – single tap cameras only

100 – 3x8-bit – RGB color (B0610, B1410, B1610 only)

N/A

This register selects the number of imager taps to be displayed.

Address

Data (1:0)

Data (31:2)

:

:

:

0x0108

00 – single

01 – dual

10, 11 – reserved

N/A

4.3.13.3 Data Format Selector

This register selects the tap format for the camera data output.

Address

Data (2:0)

:

:

Data (31:2) :

4.3.13.4 Bit Shift Selector

0x010C

000 – 1 tap single output

001 – 2 tap interleaved

010 – 2 tap sequential

Others – reserved

N/A

This register selects the bit shift steps for the camera data output.

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

Address

Data (3:0)

:

:

0x0104

0x0 – no shift

0x1 – 1 bit left

0x2 – 2 bits left

0x3 – 3 bits left

0x4 – 4 bits left

0x5 – 5 bits left

0x6 – 6 bits left

0x7 – 7 bits left

0x8 – reserved

0x9 – 1 bit right

0xA – 2 bits right

0xB – 3 bits right

187 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

0xC – 4 bits right

0xD – 5 bits right

0xE – 6 bits right

0xF – 7 bits right

N/A Data (31:4) :

4.3.13.5 Negative Image Enable

This register inverts the image from positive to negative.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

:

:

:

0x0188

0 – positive image

1 – negative image

N/A

4.3.14 White Balance Workspace Registers

4.3.14.1 WB Select

This register selects which white balance mode will be used – Off, Once, Auto or Manual.

Address

Data (0:1)

:

:

0x0300

00 – Off

01 – WB Once

10 – WB Auto

11 – WB Manual

N/A Data (31:2)

4.3.14.2 WBC Red

:

This register contains the white balance correction coefficients for Red. In manual mode the user enters the value, in Once or Auto, the camera returns the actual (calculated) coefficient.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

4.3.14.3 WBC Green

:

:

:

0x0304

<value> - WBC Red

N/A

Imperx, Inc.

6421 Congress Ave.

Boca Raton, FL 33487

+1 (561) 989-0006

This register contains the white balance correction coefficients for Green. In manual mode the user enters the value, in Once or Auto, the camera returns the actual (calculated) coefficient.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0308

<value> - WBC Green

N/A

188 of 265

Rev. 2.0.2

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4.3.14.4 WBC Blue

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

This register contains the white balance correction coefficients for Blue. In manual mode the user enters the value, in Once or Auto, the camera returns the actual (calculated) coefficient.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x030C

<value> - WBC Blue

N/A

4.3.15 Color Conversion Workspace Registers

4.3.15.1 Gain Red

This register sets the digital gain for Red.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

4.3.15.2 Gain Green

:

:

:

0x0310

<value> - Gain Red

N/A

This register sets the digital gain for Green.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

4.3.15.3 Gain Blue

:

:

:

0x0314

<value> - Gain Green

N/A

This register sets the digital gain for Blue.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

4.3.15.4 Offset Red

:

:

:

0x0318

<value> - Gain Blue

N/A

This register sets the digital offset for Red.

Address

Data (0:11)

:

:

Data (31:12) :

4.3.15.5 Offset Green

0x031C

<value> - Offset Red

N/A

This register sets the digital offset for Green.

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Address

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

: 0x0320

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> - Offset Green

N/A

4.3.15.6 Offset Blue

This register sets the digital offset for Blue.

Address

Data (0:11)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0324

<value> - Offset Blue

N/A

4.3.16 Data Correction Workspace Registers

4.3.16.1 LUT Select

This register selects which LUT will be used – LUT1 or LUT2.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

4.3.16.2 LUT Enable

:

:

:

0x0118

0 – LUT #1 selected

1 – LUT #2 selected

N/A

This register enables the selected LUT.

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1)

4.3.16.3 DPC Enable

:

:

:

0x011C

0 – LUT disable

1 – LUT enable

N/A

This register enables the DPC (Defective Pixel Correction).

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

Data (31:2)

4.3.16.4 HPC Enable

:

0x0120

00 – DPC disable

01 – Static DPC enable

10 – Dynamic DPC enable

11 – Static and Dynamic DPC enable

N/A

This register enables the HPC (Hot Pixel Correction).

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0124

00 – HPC disable

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Data (31:2)

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

:

01 – Static HPC enable

10 – Dynamic HPC enable

11 – Static and Dynamic HPC enable

N/A

4.3.16.5 FFC Enable

This register enables the FFC (Flat Field Correction).

Address

Data (0)

Data (31:1) :

:

:

0x0128

0 – FFC disable

1 – FFC enable

N/A

4.4 DATA PROCESSING REGISTER DESCRIPTION

4.4.1 Image Enhancement Workspace Registers

4.4.1.1 Enhancement Mode Selector

This register selects the image enhancement mode of operation.

Address

Data (3:0)

Data (31:4)

:

:

:

0x0400

0x0 – enhancement disable

0x1 – single threshold binary

0x2 – dual threshold binary

0x3 – dual threshold with gray scale

0x4 – dual threshold with contrast enhancement

0x5 – single point correction

0x6 – multi point correction

N/A

4.4.1.2 Point X1 Position

This register selects the position value for point X1.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

4.4.1.3 Point X2 Position

0x0404

<value> – point X1 position value

N/A

This register selects the position value for point X2.

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Address

Data (11:0)

:

:

0x0408

<value> – point X2 position value

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Data (31:12) : N/A

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4.4.1.4 Point Y1 Position

This register selects the position value for point Y1.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

4.4.1.5 Point Y2 Position

0x040C

<value> – point Y1 position value

N/A

This register selects the position value for point Y2.

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0410

<value> – point Y2 position value

N/A

4.4.1.6 Processing and LUT AOI (PAOI)

This set of register enables the processing and/or LUT AOI and sets the appropriate window size and offset in horizontal and vertical direction. The processing algorithm or LUT will be implemented ONLY within the selected

AOI.

PAOI Enable

Address

Data (1:0)

:

:

0x0224

00 – PAOI disable

01 – Reserved

10 – PAOI enbled as processing AOI

11 – PAOI enabled as LUT AOI

N/A Data (31:2) :

PAOI Horizontal Offset

Address : 0x0264

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> PAOI offset in horizontal direction

N/A

PAOI Horizontal Width

Address : 0x0244

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

<value> PAOI width in horizontal direction

N/A

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PAOI Vertical Offset

Address :

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

0x02A4

<value> PAOI offset in vertical direction

N/A

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PAOI Vertical Height

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Address

Data (11:0)

Data (31:12)

:

:

:

0x0284

<value> PAOI height in vertical direction

N/A

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CHAPTER 5 - Configurator for CameraLink

BOBCAT Configurator for

CameraLink

This chapter provides a quick reference to using the BOBCAT

Configurator camera configuration utility for the Camera Link series of

BOBCAT cameras.

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5.1 OVERVIEW

Camera configuration utility software and Bobcat Camera Configurator (CamConfig) are provided with each camera. After installing the program, the user can program the camera, change its settings and save the settings in a file or in the camera. The configuration utility includes an interactive help file, which will guide you through the camera setup.

5.2 DISCOVERY PROCEDURE

Often times, multiple frame grabbers and cameras may be installed into a computer at the same time. The CamConfig utility provides an intelligent, automated method of

„discovering‟ and „searching‟ all available UART components in your PC and allowing the user to select the one that is connected to Bobcat camera. Bobcat search engine is not only finding the CamLink DLL port but also looking for any available COM port installed on the PC as well. It will then communicate with each port (.DLL and COM) and attempt to query the attached camera. If it finds an attached Imperx Bobcat camera, it will read the „camera type‟ information from the camera. Bobcat camera name will be displayed in the list box, which includes all DLLs, ports and cameras that it discovered.

The user can then select the DLL/port/camera, of interest, by highlighting the entry and clicking on the „OK‟ button. Clicking on the „Rescan Ports‟ button causes the above discovery procedure to be repeated. Please note the frame grabber has to be Camera Link v1.0 (or later) compliant.

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Figure 5.1 – Discovery procedure – select port

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5.3 GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE

After having selected the desired camera, the main Bobcat CamConfig dialog will appear –

Figure 5.2 Advanced and Figure 5.2a Basic. The Graphical User Interface (GUI) is very intuitive and self-explanatory. To select Basic in View Menu selects GUI Level and then

Basic this gives Figure 5.2a GUI or select Advanced gives GUI Figure 5.2. The basic features are:

1. Compact Design – small 140x400 (pixels) saves space when user displays image and control at the same time.

2. Real Time Data – updates camera inform in real time while camera is working. Gives quick and general information about camera configuration status.

3. Dockable Windows – all configuration windows (Gain, AOI, Trigger…) can be separated and “docked” in the main GUI with just one click.

4. Configurable – user can customize the main menu by selecting the sub windows and also memorize the last setting.

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Figure 5.2 – CamConfig GUI Advanced

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The configuration utility includes an interactive help file, which will guide you through the

GUI controls and camera settings. On the main window the user can see useful camera information – Current Image Size (Size), Number of Frame per second (FPS), the Frame

Time (FTM), Exposure Time (EXP) and Temperature of the CCD sensor (TMP).

Additional information can be obtained by clicking on the buttons shown in the CamConfig window, such as Video Amp, I/O Control, Trigger, etc. The bottom of the main utility window is camera name and status of Cam-link connection. If the connection between the camera and the computer is lost a red cross will appear above the connection icon.

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Figure 5.2a – CamConfig GUI Basic

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5.4 MAIN GUI MENU

All panels in the Bobcat CamConfig share the same general control options and menus for

“File”, “View” and “Help” – Figure 5.3.

Run Application: Select and starts other executable file (Frame-Grabber application, etc.…) that user normally uses. CamConfig will remember the path of last executable file that you used, so the next time when you start the application without having to type-in the location.

Load From:

Figure 5.3 – Main Menu

Loads the camera registers from a saved configuration space: File,

Workspace, Factory Space, User Space #1 or User Space #2.

1. File – loads the camera registers from a saved configuration file

2. Workspace – updates the GUI with the current camera workspace settings

3. Factory – loads the camera registers with the original (factory) settings.

4. User Space #1 – loads the camera registers with a saved camera settings in the user space 1.

5. User Space #2 – loads the camera registers with a saved camera settings in the user space 2.

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Save To:

Boot:

DPM:

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Saves the camera registers to File, User Space #1 or User Space #2.

Factory Space is disabled for regular users and it is available only for manufacturing technicians.

1. File – saves the current camera settings to a configuration file

2. Factory Space – saves the current camera settings to the camera

Factory space. This is restricted command and is disabled for regular users.

3. User Space #1 – saves the current camera settings to the camera

User space 1.

4. User Space #2 – saves the current camera settings to the camera

User space 2.

This menu selects the „Boot From‟ source. Upon power up, the camera will load its registers from the selected „Boot From‟ source:

Factory, User #1 or User #2. Bobcat camera will be release with

„Factory” Setting and user can save and boot camera with their own configurable features.

Defect Pixel Map – When selected, the DPM window will show defected pixels location. The defective pixel map is stored in the camera‟s non-volatile memory and read out when running bad pixel correction – Figure 5.4. Defected pixels are categorized as:

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Figure 5.4 – Defective pixel map

1. Dead Pixels – pixels with sensitivity that deviates more than

15% due to fluctuations in the CCD manufacturing process.

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Terminal:

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2. Hot Pixels – pixels that during normal camera operation are normal, but in long integration modes (programmable frame time) behave as high-intensity bright pixels.

The user can display two submenus: Command Terminal and

Download Terminal.

1. Command Terminal – shows information about all the commands sent to or received from the camera. User can type in

Bobcat command directly in the text box provided – Figure 5.5.

All commands must start with 0x followed by ADDRESS and

DATA , without spaces – refer to chapter 4 for more information.

The “Disable Polling” check box will turn on/off the polling commands (such as Frame Time, Exposure time, Frame Rate and

Sensor Temperature) in the dialog windows. The user can change the polling time by entering the desired number in the window. If for some reason the camera returns an error, when command was sent to the camera, the GUI will respond with a pop-up window displaying an error message. The user has option to disable the error checking by enabling the “Disable Error Checking” box.

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Figure 5.5 – Command terminal

2. Download Terminal – One of the great features in Bobcat configuration utility is download terminal. User can upgrade the camera firmware and up-load to the camera any custom LUT,

DPM or FFC – Figure 5.6.

A. File Type – from the pull-down menu the user can select the appropriate type of file to up-load to the camera.

B. File Path – enter the file path manually into the edit box or click the „…‟ button to browse through folders.

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C. Load File – after selecting the file, click on “Load File” button to start the up-load process.

D. Cancel – stops the up-load process.

E. Progress Bar – displays the progress status of the up-load process.

F. Terminal window – provides information about the download process (completion, errors, etc.)

Connection:

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Figure 5.6 – Download terminal

Download Procedure:

1. Select correct „File Type” before downloading. Several options are possible: DPM, HPM, LUT1, LUT2, Application FW,

Register space.

2. Type in or select the correct data file of this feature in „File Path‟

3. Click on „Load File‟ button to start downloading

4. Wait for the progress bar to finish (100%)

5. Reboot the camera and restart the GUI for the changes to take into effect.

The user can select the connection type between the camera and the computer:

1. Switch Port – If checked, “Select Port” window will popup. The user can select new CamLink port, which connect to current camera.

2. Set Baud Rate – the user can set the communication baud rate:

9600, 19200, 38400, 57600 or 115200 (default value).

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Exit:

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Terminates the application.

5.5 VIEW GUI WINDOWS

The „View‟ menu allows the user to select which camera parameter window to be displayed on the main CamConfig GUI window – Figure 5.7.

Figure 5.7 – View GUI Windows

Video Amplifier: Controls the camera analog and digital gain and offset, tap balancing, black level correction. Optional – controls RGB settings.

Input/output: Maps the internal input and output signals to the camera external inputs and outputs.

Trigger: Controls the camera triggering features.

Pulse Generator: Enables and controls the internal pulse generator.

Exposure:

Test:

AOI:

Strobe:

Processing:

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Sets the exposure, line and frame time, and AEC, AGC, AIC modes.

Enables the internal test pattern generator.

Sets up to 8 regions of interest, and H and V binning modes.

Enables and controls the camera strobe signals.

Enables the built-in basic image processing functions.

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Color:

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Sets the gain and offset for the primary R G B colors. Sets the white balance mode. Displays WBC values.

Data Out (Settings): Sets for the data format – bit depth, bit shift, output format, camera speed, LVAL, FVAL size, and DPC, HPC, FFC controls.

Select All: Enables all camera parameter windows.

Attach Window: Attaches all camera parameter windows to the main GUI window.

Disable Animation: Disables animated features of windows preview when moving the mouse cursor over the buttons.

5.6 GUI HELP

The main “Help” menu is shown on Figure 5.8

Open Help:

Debug:

About:

Figure 5.8 – Help menu

Opens an interactive help file.

Puts the GUI in a debug mode for test purposes and troubleshooting.

Provides information about application version and important camera parameters such as Firmware revision, Assembly Part

Number, etc. – Figure 5.9.

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Figure 5.9 – About CamConfig.

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5.7 PARAMETER WINDOWS

Bobcat Cameras have many features that can easily be programmed using the Bobcat graphical user interface (GUI) or via simple register commands using the Command

Terminal. The main parameter windows are described below.

5.7.1 Video Amp

Video Amp window allows the user to adjust the Analog or Digital gain and offset.

Manual entry and sliders are available for adjusting the individual parameters –

Figure 5.10.

Digital:

Figure 5.10 – Video Amp parameter window

Analog:

The user can set the desired analog gain (0 to 36 dB, 1024 discrete values) and offset (0 to 1023, 1 step increment) for each channel via the sliders or by entering the desired values.

“Link Gain” and “Link Offset” links the corresponding channels together (dual tap camera only), and the gain or offset difference between them will be preserved.

Pre Amp Gain: The user can select the preamplifier gain for the camera (the same for both channels). 4 options are possible -3 dB, 0, +3 dB, and +6 dB. The default Pre Amp Gain value is camera dependent and it is set for the best camera performance.

The user can set the desired digital gain (1.0x to 3.0x, 0.1x increment) and digital offset (-511 to +511, 1 step increment) via the slider or by entering the desired value. The selected value for gain or offset is applied to both channels.

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Load Defaults: Loads the Manufacturing default gain and offset settings. The settings might be different for “Slow” and “Fast” modes.

Corrections:

Tap balance – when selected enables automatic tap balancing.

Four options are available – Off, Auto, Once, Static.

White balance – when selected enables automatic white balance.

This feature is optional.

Black Comp when selected enables “Black Compensation” and automatically determines and compensates for black level.

5.7.2 I/O Control

The camera has 2 external inputs and 2 external outputs. In addition to these inputs and outputs, the cameras with camera link output have two more inputs (CC1 and

CC2) and one output (CL Spare) available. The user can map all available internal input and output signals to all external camera inputs and outputs – Figure 5.11.

Input: The user can map each of the camera inputs CC1, CC2, IN1 or

IN2 to all available internal input signals. 5 signals are available for mapping. For each input the user can set the signal level to active “High” or active “Low”.

1. Computer trigger – maps CC1 or CC2 to the internal (CC) computer trigger input.

2. External Trigger – maps IN1 or IN2 to the external computer trigger input.

3. Exposure control – provides an external exposure control signal. For proper operation set the “Exposure Control

Register” to “External”.

4. H-Sync – synchronizes the camera line timing to the external pulse. A continuous trail of pulses (one for every line) must be provided. The camera uses only the pulse edge, but the duration should be as short as possible. Min. duration - 50 ns.

5. V-Sync – synchronizes the camera frame timing to the external pulse. A continuous trail of pulses (one for each frame) must be provided. The camera uses only the pulse edge, but the duration should be as short as possible. Min. duration - 2 us.

6. Deselect – no signal is mapped.

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Output:

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Figure 5.11 – I/O control parameter window

The user can map each of the camera outputs to OUT1, OUT2 or

CL Spare to all available internal output signals. 13 signals are available for mapping. For each input the user can set the signal level to active “High” or active “Low”.

1. Exposure Start – a short pulse (2 us) indicating the beginning of the camera exposure in trigger mode.

2. Exposure End – a short pulse (2 us) indicating the end of the camera exposure in trigger mode.

3. Mid Exposure – a short pulse (2 us) indicating indicates the middle of the camera exposure in trigger mode.

4. Active Exposure Window – a signal indicating the duration of the camera exposure in trigger mode.

5. H-Sync – a short pulse (2 us) synchronized with the camera line timing.

6. V-Sync – a short pulse (2 us) synchronized with the camera frame timing.

7. Odd/Even Frame Flag – a signal indicating if the frame is

ODD or EVEN. It alternates every frame. When “Active

High” ODD is LOW.

8. Trigger Pulse – maps the input trigger pulse to the output with no delay (as is).

9. Trigger Pulse Delayed – maps the input trigger pulse to the output with delay set by the Exposure Delay Register.

10. Camera Ready – a signal indicating when the camera is ready to accept the next trigger pulse.

11. Pulse Generator – maps the internal pulse generator waveform to the output.

12. Strobe 1 – maps “Strobe One” signal to the corresponding external output.

13. Strobe 2 – maps “Strobe Two” signal to the corresponding external output.

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14. Deselect – no signal is mapped.

5.7.3 Trigger

Trigger window is used to set the camera trigger modes and trigger settings –

Figure 5.12. Four control panels are associated with this feature: “Settings”,

“Acquisition Control”, “Exposure control” and “Strobe Control”.

Settings:

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Figure 5.12 – Trigger parameter window

Trigger in – selects the active triggering input signal. The selected trigger signal must be mapped to the corresponding camera input.

1. Off – the camera is in free-running mode.

2. External – the camera expects a trigger signal coming from

IN1 or IN2 inputs.

3. Pulse Gen – the camera expects a trigger signal coming from the internal pulse generator.

4. Computer – the camera expects a signal coming from CC1 or

CC2 inputs.

5. Software – the “Software Trigger” button when pressed starts the triggering.

Mode – selects the desired triggering mode:

1. Standard – in this mode the camera exposes, reads-out the selected number of frames and waits for the next trigger signal. In this mode the maximum camera frame rate is LESS than the free-running one.

2. Fast – in this mode the camera exposes then next frame while reading the previous. This mode provides the ability to trigger the camera with its original (free-running) frame rate.

3. Double – this mode is designed for capture fast processes with short exposure times, and is commonly used in particle

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual velocity measurement. It is identical to the Standard mode but, the camera will capture only 2 frames after each trigger signal. There is no delay between the frames

4. Frame Accumulation – in this mode, after each trigger signal the camera starts integration then transfers the information to the vertical registers and then waits for the next trigger. After the last trigger has been received the information is being read out.

5. Asynchronous – in this mode the camera is free running prior to the trigger. When the trigger is applied, it resets the CCD timing, flushes the remaining lines and starts the integration.

Trigger Edge – the user can select the active triggering edge:

1. Rising – the rising edge is used for triggering.

2. Falling – the falling edge is used for triggering.

Trigger Overlap – the user can select how to handle the next trigger pulse if arrives while the previous triggering cycle is in process:

1. Ignore – the next rigger will be ignored, and the camera will continue its present operation.

2. Accept – the next trigger will be used.

3. Accept after Exposure – the next rigger will be ignored while the camera is exposing the image.

De-bounce – the trigger inputs are de-bounced to prevent multiple triggering from ringing triggering pulses. The user has eight choices of de-bounce interval:

1. Off – No de-bounce

2. 10.0 us – 10 microseconds de-bounce interval.

3. 50.0 us – 50 microseconds de-bounce interval.

4. 100.0 us – 100 microseconds de-bounce interval (default).

5. 500.0 us – 500 microseconds de-bounce interval.

6. 1.0 ms – 1 milliseconds de-bounce interval.

7. 5.0 ms – 5 milliseconds de-bounce interval.

8. 10.0 ms – 10 milliseconds de-bounce interval.

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Acquisition:

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Frames per trigger – sets the number of frames captured after each trigger in “Standard” mode. The user can select from 1 to

65500 discrete frames to be captured. If the value is 65501 or bigger, the camera is free running after the trigger signal.

Pulses per capture – sets the number of trigger pulses used during a single acquisition event in “Frame Accumulation” mode. The user can select from 1 to 65535 discrete pulses.

Exposure Delay: Sets the delay between the trigger pulse active edge and beginning of the exposure. The user can set the delay from 0 to

16777215 us.

5.7.4 Pulse Generator

In this window the user can configure the parameters of the Internal Pulse

Generator – Figure 5.13.

Figure 5.13 – Pulse generator window

Granularity: Sets the granularity for the internal counters. Granularity can be set to 1x, 10x, 100x or 1000x.

Period:

Width:

Sets the pulse period in microseconds.

Sets the pulse width in microseconds.

# of Pulses: Sets the number of pulses generated. Two modes are available:

1. Continuous – provides a continuous operation. To stop the process you have to press the “Stop” button.

2. Fixed # of pulses – the user can set only a discrete number of pulses ranging (1 to 65500) to be generated. To stop the process

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Process:

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual you have to press the “Stop” button. Otherwise, the process stops automatically after the last pulse is sent.

Start – starts and stops the process of Internal Pulse Generator.

When the process is in progress, the „Start” button becomes a „Stop” button.

Status – provides the status of the process:

Red – the process is on hold,

Green – the process is working.

5.7.5 Exposure

This window controls the camera exposure, line and frame time, AEC, AGC and

AIC modes of operation – Figure 5.14.

Figure 5.14 – Exposure control window

Exposure Control: Sets the camera exposure:

4. Off – no exposure control.

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5. Pulse Width – the pulse width (duration) determines the exposure during triggering mode ONLY.

6. Internal – internal camera registers controls the exposure.

7. External – external pulse mapped to the camera input controls the exposure.

8. Exposure time slider – sets the actual camera exposure in microseconds. The minimum exposure time adjusts accordingly, based on the camera mode of operation. The slider can only be used when “Internal” mode is enabled.

Programmable Integration:

Variable line and frame rate mode provides the ability to run the camera in full resolution and at a frame rate slower than the nominal camera frame rate. The user can change “Line Time” in pixels or change “Frame Time” in microseconds. The maximum frame time is ~ 16 seconds.

AEC/AGC: The camera can be set to automatic exposure and gain control in order to keep the same image brightness during changing light conditions.

Enables – enables which feature to be used:

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1. AEC – enables Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) mode. The user can change “Area”, “Exposure” and “Luminance”. “Gain” cannot be adjusted.

2. AGC – enables Automatic Gain Control (AGC) mode. The user can change “Area”, “Gain” and “Luminance”. “Exposure” cannot be adjusted.

3. AIC – enables Automatic Iris Control (AIC). The camera provides an analog video signal (via 12 pin HIROSE connector), compatible with “Video” iris lens control.

Area – sets an active region of significance. Only the image inside the selected region will be used in the data collection AEC/AGC algorithm. Any brightness changes outside of the region will be ignored. The changes as determined by the algorithm will apply to the entire image. The user can enter the region of significance by setting the active window size (Width, Height) and offset (X, Y).

Image location (1.1) is top left corner. The user can set the desired window size by typing the numbers directly, or by selecting the desired size in the provided gray square window. To do this, simply draw the window with the mouse in the gray square.

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Luminance – sets the desired luminance level to be maintained in the image. The comparison algorithm will adjust the image gain and exposure accordingly, so the image luminance is always close to the desired one. The user can select which luminance type to be used in the algorithm:

1. Average – the average value of the image luminance will be used in the comparison algorithm.

2. Peak – the peak luminance value (maximum luminance level) will be used in the comparison algorithm.

Exposure – sets the maximum exposure time, which can be reached in the AEC mode in order to avoid motion smear if a fast moving object is monitored. The user can select the speed of convergence 1x

(slow), 2x, 3x and 4x (fast).

Gain – sets the maximum analog gain, which can be reached in the

AGC mode. The user can select the speed of convergence 1x (slow),

2x, 3x and 4x (fast).

Current – Provides live information about the current value of the

Exposure time, Gain and Luminance. The values will be refreshed every time polling is done.

5.7.6 Test Image

This window sets the test image mode. Several test images are available for selection, including pattern superimposing over live image – Figure 5.15.

Ping: Checks the serial connection status of the camera:

GREEN

– followed by a brief “OK”, indicates a successful connection.

RED

– followed by and “ERR”, indicates no connection.

YELLOW

– “Ping” command was sent to the camera. A few seconds after pinging, the indicator becomes gray and the message disappears.

Test Mode: Test Patterns – the camera can output eight test patterns:

1. Off – test mode is off.

2. Black – displays black image.

3. Gray Image – displays a uniform dark gray image.

4. White Image – displays a uniform white image.

5. H Ramp – displays a stationary horizontal ramp image.

6. V Ramp – displays a stationary vertical ramp image.

7. H Ramp move – displays a moving horizontal ramp image.

8. V Ramp move – displays a moving vertical ramp image.

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9. Vertical Bars – displays a set of 8 vertical gray bars with different gray levels.

Figure 5.15 – Test image window

Superimposed: This mode superimposes a test pattern over live image (not available during H & V binning):

1. Crosshair – superimposes a cross, located in the center of the

CCD images. A small cross will appear in the gray square window.

2. H&V Lines – superimposes a pair of H and/or V lines. Dual sliders are available to select the horizontal and vertical position of the lines. Each line location will be visible in the gray square window. The sliders range from 1 to the maximum number of pixels/lines available on the sensor.

3. Brightness – sets the brightness of the crosshair and H&V lines, ranges from 0 to 4095.

4. Scale – provides the ability to measure distance between the lines in pixels or in linear units. The uses must enter a scale calibration value.

5.7.7 Area of Interest (AOI)

AOI is used to select one or more regions of interest. A total of seven independent

AOIs can be generated, and the user can select the size of each horizontal and vertical window. Horizontal and Vertical binning is also available to change the H and V resolution of the image – Figure 5.16.

Window: This sets the portion of the image, which will be displayed and used:

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Binning:

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1. Normal – the imager has full resolution as determined by LVAL and FVAL settings.

2. Center – only a portion or center of the image will be used. This mode is camera dependent and is not available for all cameras.

This sets the camera H & V binning modes:

1. Horizontal – enables the horizontal binning – the image horizontal resolution is reduced by a factor of 1x, 2x, 3x, 4x or

8x (1x – no binning).

2. Vertical Horizontal – enables the vertical binning – the image vertical resolution is reduced by a factor of 1x, 2x, 3x, 4x or 8x

(1x – no binning).

Figure 5.16 – AOI window.

Master AOI: Bobcat supports one Master AOI (MAOI). All other AOIs are slave and they have to be positioned within the MAOI. This MAOI can be enabled or disabled. When enabled, MAOI determined the current image size. DVAL is HIGH within the selected area. The camera frame rate is preserved or changed with “Keep Frame Rate” selection. When enabled the camera frame rate is preserved regardless of the AOI selection. When disabled, the frame rate is determined by the selected vertical height settings. If other AOIs are used, MAOI Must be enabled.

AOI #: Bobcat supports up to six slave independent horizontal and vertical regions of interest could be enabled. If slave AOIs is to be used

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MAOI MUST be enabled. All slave AOIs have to be positioned within the MAOI. The slave AOIs can be set to be included or excluded from the MAOI After enabling the selected AOI, the user can enter the desired region of interest by setting the active window size (Width, Height) and offset (X, Y). Image location (1.1) is top left corner. The user can set the desired window size by typing the numbers directly, or by selecting the desired size in the provided gray square window. To do this enable the window first, press the corresponding numerical number on the keyboard, and then draw the window with the mouse in the gray square. Different AOIs will be displayed with different colors.

5.7.8 Strobe Control

This window sets the camera strobe signals. Two independently controlled strobe signals are supported – Figure 5.17.

Figure 5.17 – Strobe Control window

Strobe 1 Mode: Sets the Strobe 1 mode of operation. The strobe can be disabled or enabled. When enabled the strobe can be set to appear “Each

Frame”, “Odd Frames” only or “Even Frames” only. In addition, in trigger mode, the user can add a strobe pulse associated with rising edge of the trigger pulse.

Strobe 2 Mode: Sets the Strobe 2 mode of operation. The strobe can be disabled or enabled. When enabled the strobe can be set to appear “Each

Frame”, “Odd Frames” only or “Even Frames” only. In addition,

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Standard Strobe: Controls the strobe position and pulse duration for Strobe 1 and

Strobe 2. The user can set the individual strobe position relative to the beginning of the frame, via the slider or by entering the desired value. The strobe pulse duration can be set for each strobe individually. The user can set the strobe position and duration within the camera frame period with 1 us resolution.

Trigger Strobe: Sets the duration and delay of a strobe sync pulse (with respect to the trigger pulse) sent to the camera output. The user can set the strobe duration and the delay from 0 to 16777215 us.

5.7.9 Color

This window sets the gain and offset for the primary R G B colors. Available only for B0610C, B1410C, and B1610C cameras. In addition this window sets the White balance mode and displays the calculated white balance coefficients – Figure 5.18.

This window will be disables for the Mono cameras.

White Balance: Sets the White balance mode of operation.

1. “Off” – No white balance is performed.

2. “Once” – the camera analyzes only one image frame, calculates only one set correction coefficients, and all subsequent frames are corrected with this set of coefficients.

3. “Auto” – the camera analyzes every frame, a set of correction coefficients are derived for each frame and applied to the next frame.

4. “Manual” – the camera uses the correction coefficients as entered from the user.

Manual WBC:

User enters manually the white balance coefficients for each color. The range is from 0 to 4095 (255 is equal to 1.0x). The user has option to set all coefficients to “Zero”.

Statistic:

Displays the current (calculated) white balance coefficients per color.

RGB Gain:

The user can set individually the desired digital gain for each primary color R G B (1.0x to 4.0x, 0.001x increment) via the slider or by entering the desired value. The user has option to set all gains to “Unity” (1.0x)

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R G B Offset: The user can set individually the desired digital offset for each primary color R G B (-511 to +511, 1 step increment) via the slider or by entering the desired value. The user has option to set all offsets to “Zero”.

Figure 5.18 – Color window

5.7.10 Processing

This window controls the image processing features implemented into the camera.

Currently only one Image Enhancement is implemented – Figure 5.19. More features will be added later. Please contact Imperx for more information. This window will be disabled for the color cameras.

Processing AOI: PAOI is multi functional. It can be enabled as:

Disabled – no PAOI functionality.

Processing ROI – the selected processing function will apply only to the selected ROI, all data outside of the region will not be processed with the selected function.

LUT ROI – the LUT function will apply only to the selected

ROI, all data outside of the region will not be processed with the

LUT:

LUT function.

LUT Enable – enables the usage of the selected LookUp Table

(LUT).

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LUT Select – selects which of the two supported LUTs will be used.

By default LUT #1 is factory programmed with standard Gamma of

0.45. LUT #1 and LUT #2 can be reprogrammed by the user.

Image Enables the image enhancement processing features. Seven options

Enhancement: are available:

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Figure 5.19 – Processing window

1. Disable – no enhancement operation will be performed.

2. Single Threshold Binary – single point threshold operation will be performed. Set the desired threshold level X1 using the horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion).

3. Dual Threshold Binary – two-point threshold operation will be performed. Set the desired upper threshold level X2 using the horizontal (bottom) slider (right portion), and the lower one

X1 – horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion).

4. Dual Threshold Gray – two-point threshold operation with gray scale mid. values will be performed. Set the desired upper threshold level X2 using the horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion), and the lower one X1 – horizontal (bottom) slider

(right portion).

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5. Dual Threshold Contrast Enhancement – two-point threshold operation with gray scale stretch will be performed.

Set the desired upper threshold level X2 using the horizontal

(bottom) slider (left portion), and the lower one X1 – horizontal (bottom) slider (right portion).

6. One Point Correction – single point image enhancement operation will be performed. Set the desired X1-point level using the horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion). Set the desired Y1-point level using the vertical (side) slider (bottom portion).

7. Two Point Correction – two-point image enhancement operation will be performed. Set the desired X1-point level using the horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion), and X2-point

– the horizontal (bottom) slider (left portion). Set the desired

Y1-point level using the vertical (side) slider (bottom portion), and Y2-point – the vertical (side) slider (top portion).

Side Slider: Multi purpose dual slider, controls the Y1 and Y2 positions for single and two-point image enhancement.

Bottom Slider: Multi purpose dual slider, controls the X1 and X2 positions for single and two-point image enhancement. Controls the lower and upper threshold levels for single and dual threshold.

Gray Box: Multi purpose graphical interface. The user can set the desired X1,

(X1,X2), (X1,Y1) or (X2,Y2) points directly. Grab with the mouse the yellow dots (dot) and move them in the gray square window until the desired result is achieved.

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5.7.11 Data Output

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Data Output window provides full control of the camera digital data output – Figure

5.20.

Figure 5.20 – Data output window

Video Settings: Sets the data format and camera speed. Refer to Chapter 2 for more information.

Taps – sets the number of image taps used in the current configuration. These are CCD taps, not output taps. In some camera the tap selection is not available:

1. Single – only one CCD tap is used, the CCD has only one tap, or one tap operation is available for dual tap CCDs.

2. Dual – two taps CCD operation, the CCD must support dual tap operation.

Format – sets the output data format, i.e. the number of output taps used and mapped to the camera link output. A graphical visualization of the selected output data format is shown in the center of the window:

1. 1 Tap Single – the output data is mapped to one tap only.

2. 2 Taps Interleaved – the output data is mapped to two taps in interleaved order.

3. 2 Taps Sequential – the output data is mapped to two taps in sequential order. This feature is optional.

Speed – controls the camera speed and frame rate. All camera features are available in both (Slow and Fast) modes.

1. Normal – normal camera operation.

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2. Overclock – over-clocked camera operation. The camera speed (frame rate) significantly increases while preserving the image frame size noise and overall performance.

Lines – selects the size of the FVAL signal (valid lines in a frame) and provides “Full size” or “Active size” options. Two sizes (camera dependent) are available for selection.

Pixels – selects the size of the LVAL signal (valid pixels in a line) and provides “Full size” or “Active size” options. Two sizes

(camera dependent) are available for selection.

Image – converts the image from positive to negative.

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Bit Depth: Sets the camera bit depth, and which bits to be used in the data output.

Depth – sets the bit depth of the camera output to 8, 10, 12, 14 0r

3x8 bits. All internal camera processing is done in 14 bits. 14-bit output is available ONLY in 1 Tap Single data format.

Shift – selects which part of the entire 14 bit internal data will be mapped. This provides up to 7 bits digital shift left or right to manipulate camera brightness and contrast. A graphical visualization of the selected bits is shown in the center of the window

Corrections:

DPC – enables Defective Pixel Correction (DPC). Each camera comes with a built-in Defective Pixel Map (DPM) to correct for defective pixels. The user can upload a custom DPM.

HPC – enables Hot Pixel Correction (HPC). Each camera comes with a built-in Hot Pixel Map (HPM) to correct for hot pixels.

The user can upload a custom HPM

FFC – enables Flat Field Correction (FFC). Only big format

CCD cameras (optical format of 1”) have this feature. Each camera (when available) comes with a built-in Flat Field Map

(FFM) to compensate for shading effect intrinsic to the imager.

The user can upload a custom FFM.

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CHAPTER 6

– Gen<i>Cam Reference Manual

Gen<i>Cam Reference Manual

This chapter provides a quick reference to Gen<I>Cam standard.

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6.1 INTRODUCTION

The BobCat series of GigE Vision cameras are fully compliant with the Gen<i>Cam standard. The cameras include an embedded camera description file ( XML ) that contains all of the information required to automatically map a camera‟s features to its internal registers. The Gen<i>Cam standard defines the syntax and semantics of the camera description file. It also defines a mechanism for the user to configure the camera by reading/writing the camera registers associated with the features.

The camera description file ( XML ) contains a set of nodes where each node represents a feature of the camera. Each node has a set of attributes that define the feature including a description, type ( ie. integer, boolean, etc. ), register address, minimum value, maximum value, increment, etc. All of this information is contained in the XML file. The XML file is transferred from the camera to the host application when a connection is first established.

The host application then parses the XML file and presents the user with a “node tree‟ representation.

The BobCat series of cameras include a full-featured host application, called PureGEV, which allows the user to connect to a camera, view/save images from the camera and control its features via a “node tree” user interface representation.. Please refer to the

PureGEV Quick Start Guide for details on how to install and use the PureGEV application.

A “node tree” is a tabular list of all of the camera features ( that were described in the XML file ). The user can control a feature by simply clicking on it with the mouse and editing the field. Some features provide drop down menu lists, while others support direct data entry.

Features that are read-only ( ie. status indicators ) are de-highlighted and un-editable. Some features depend on the state of other features. For example, the GainAutoBalance is only active if the SensorDigitizationTaps is equal to Two. Some features are locked while image streaming is active. For example, the PixelFormat feature can only be changed while images are not being streamed.

The following tables illustrate the node tree as it is displayed by the PureGEV application.

For a detailed description of the features, please refer to Chapter 2.

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6.2 NODE TREE

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6.2.1 Device Information

6.2.2 IP Engine

6.2.3 GigE Vision Transport Layer

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6.2.4 Image Size Control

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6.2.5 Acquisition and Trigger Controls

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6.2.6 Counters and Timers Controls

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6.2.7 Analog Controls

6.2.8 Test Mode

6.2.9 User Sets

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6.2.10 Custom Features

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Custom Features ( cont. )

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Custom Features ( cont. )

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Chapter 7

– Bobcat Warranty and

Support

BOBCAT Warranty and Support

This chapter discusses the camera‟s warranty and support.

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7.1 ORDERING INFORMATION

NOTE: For any other custom camera configurations, please contact Imperx, Inc.

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7.2 TECHNICAL SUPPORT

Each camera is fully tested before shipping. If for some reason the camera is not operational after power up please check the following:

1. Check the power supply and all I/O cables. Make sure that all the connectors are firmly attached.

2. Check the status LED and verify that it is steady ON, if not – refer to the

LED section.

3. Enable the test mode and verify that the communication between the frame grabber and the camera is established. If the test pattern is not present, power off the camera, check all the cabling, frame grabber settings and computer status.

4. If you still have problems with the camera operation, please contact technical support at:

Email: [email protected]

Toll Free 1 (866) 849-1662 or (+1) 561-989-0006

Fax: (+1) 561-989-0045

Visit our Web Site: www.imperx.com

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7.3 WARRANTY

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Imperx warrants performance of its products and related software to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in accordance with Imperx‟s standard warranty, which is 2 (two) years parts and labor. FOR GLASSLESS

CAMERAS THE CCD IS NOT COVERED BY THE WARRANTY.

Do not open the housing of the camera. Warranty voids if the housing has been open or tampered.

IMPORTANT NOTICE

This camera has been tested and complies with the limits of Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC rules.

Copyright © 2011 Imperx Inc. All rights reserved. All information provided in this manual is believed to be accurate and reliable. No responsibility is assumed by Imperx for its use. Imperx reserves the right to make changes to this information without notice. Redistribution of this manual in whole or in part, by any means, is prohibited without obtaining prior permission from

Imperx. Imperx reserves the right to make changes to its products or to discontinue any product or service without notice, and advises its customers to obtain the latest version of relevant information to verify, before placing orders, that the information being relied on is current.

IMPERX PRODUCTS ARE NOT DESIGNED, INTENDED,

AUTHORIZED, OR WARRANTED TO BE SUITABLE FOR USE IN

LIFE-SUPPORT APPLICATIONS, DEVICES OR SYSTEMS OR

OTHER CRITICAL APPLICATIONS, WHERE MALFUNCTION OF

THESE PRODUCTS CAN REASONABLY BE EXPECTED TO

RESULT IN PERSONAL INJURY. IMPERX CUSTOMERS USING OR

SELLING THESE PRODUCTS FOR USE IN SUCH APPLICATIONS

DO SO AT THEIR OWN RISK AND AGREE TO FULLY INDEMNIFY

IMPERX FOR ANY DAMAGES RESULTING FROM SUCH

IMPROPER USE OR SALE.

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Appendix A

– Camera Configuration Reference

Camera Configuration Reference

This appendix provides a quick reference to the camera configuration workspace registers.

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A.0 ABBREVIATIONS

RW – read/write, RO – read only, WO – write only

MAX_HRZ_SZE, MIN_HRZ_SZE

– Max. and Min. horizontal image size – camera dependent

MAX_VER_SZE, MIN_VER_SZE

– Max. and Min. vertical image size – camera dependent

LIN_TIM_MIN

Minimum Line time – camera dependent

FRM_TIM_MIN

– Minimum Frame time – camera dependent

FRM_TIM_ACT

– Actual Current Frame time - variable

FRR_EXP_MIN

– Minimum Exposure time – camera dependent

A.1 SAVING AND RESTORING REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type Usage

0x6000 Boot From

0x6060 Load From Factory

0x6064 Load From User1

0x6068 Load From User2

0x606C Load MFG Default Gain

0x6074 Save to User1

0x6078 Save to User2

0x0604

RS-232 Baud Rate

Selector

RW

WO

WO

WO

WO

WO

WO

RW

00 - Factory,

01 - User 1,

10 - User 2

Command

Command

Command

Command

Command

Command

<BAUD Value>

A.2 CAMERA INFORMATION REGISTERS

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000002

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000 0x00000004

Address Register Name

0x6004 Firmware Revision

0x6008 Firmware Build Number

0x600C Test Register

0x601C Soft Reset

0x6080 Horizontal Frame Size

0x6084 Vertical Frame Size

0x6088 Current Minimum Frame Time

0x608C Current Minimum Line Time

0x6090 Current Maximum Exposure

0x6094 Current Minimum Exposure

0x6098 Current Frame Number

0x609C Current Camera Exposure

0x60A0 Current Frame Duration

0x60B0 Current Image Size

0x60B4 Current AEC/AGC Status

0x6010 CCD Temperature

Type Value

RO

RO

RW

WO

RO

RO

RO

RO

<Firmware Revision>

<Firmware Build Number>

0x76543210

0xDEDBEEF

<MAX_HRZ_SZE, MIN_HRZ_SZE>

<MAX_VER_SZE, MIN_VER_SZE>

<FRM_TIM_MIN>

<LIN_TIM_MIN> , <CLK_PER_PSC>

RO

RO

RO

RO

<FRM_TIM_ACT>

<FRR_EXP_MIN>

<Current Frame Number>

<Current Exposure>

RO <FRM_TIM_ACT>

RO <CURT_VER_SZE>, <CRNT_HRZ_SZE>

RO

RO

<Status Values>

<Current CCD Temperature>

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A.3 IMAGE SIZE (AOI) REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type Usage

0x0500 Vertical Binning Mode RW

0x0 - 1x, 0x1 - 2x,

0x2 - 3x, 0x3 - 4x,

0x4 - 8x

0x0200 Constant Frame Rate RW

1 - Enable,

0 - Disable

0x0204 Horizontal Binning Mode RW

0x0208 MAOI Enable

0x020C AOI 1 Enable

0x0210 AOI 2 Enable

0x0214 AOI 3 Enable

0x0218 AOI 4 Enable

0x021C AOI 5 Enable

0x0220 AOI 6 Enable

0x0224 PAOI Enable

0x0 - 1x, 0x1 - 2x,

0x2 - 3x, 0x3 - 4x,

0x4 - 8x

RW 0

– Off, 1 - Enable

RW

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00

– Off, 01 – Include,

RW

10 - Exclude

00 - Off, 11

– LUT AOI

10

– Process. AOI,

0x0228 MAOI Horizontal Width RW <Width Value>

0x022C AOI 1 Horizontal Width RW

0x0230 AOI 2 Horizontal Width RW

<Width Value>

<Width Value>

0x0234 AOI 3 Horizontal Width RW

0x0238 AOI 4 Horizontal Width RW

0x023C AOI 5 Horizontal Width RW

0x0240 AOI 6 Horizontal Width RW

0x0244 PAOI Horizontal Width RW

0x0248 MAOI Horizontal Offset RW

0x024C AOI 1 Horizontal Offset RW

0x0250 AOI 2 Horizontal Offset RW

0x0254 AOI 3 Horizontal Offset RW

<Width Value>

<Width Value>

<Width Value>

<Width Value>

<Width Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

0x0258 AOI 4 Horizontal Offset RW

0x025C AOI 5 Horizontal Offset RW

0x0260 AOI 6 Horizontal Offset RW

0x0264 PAOI Horizontal Offset RW

0x0268 MAOI Vertical Height RW

0x026C AOI 1 Vertical Height

0x0270 AOI 2 Vertical Height

0x0274 AOI 3 Vertical Height

0x0278 AOI 4 Vertical Height

0x027C AOI 5 Vertical Height

0x0280 AOI 6 Vertical Height

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

<Height Value>

MIN Value

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

MAX Value

0x00000004

0x00000001

0x00000004

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000003

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

MAX_HRZ_SZE

MAX_HRZ_SZE

MAX_HRZ_SZE

MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x00000001

0x00000001

MAX_HRZ_SZE

MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x00000001 MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x00000001 MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x00000000 *

1

MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

0x00000001 MAX_VER_SZE

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE

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0x0284 PAOI Vertical Height RW

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<Height Value> 0x00000001 MAX_VER_SZE

0x0288 MAOI Vertical Offset RW <Offset Value> 0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x028C AOI 1 Vertical Offset

0x0290 AOI 2 Vertical Offset

0x0294 AOI 3 Vertical Offset

0x0298 AOI 4 Vertical Offset

0x029C AOI 5 Vertical Offset

0x02A0 AOI 6 Vertical Offset

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

<Offset Value>

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x02A4 PAOI Vertical Offset RW <Offset Value> 0x00000000 MAX_VER_SZE - 1

*

1

In B1920 the minimum “Horizontal Offset” is 10 pixels when “Constant Frame Rate” is disabled.

A.4 EXPOSURE CONTROL REGISTERS

Address Register Name Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

0x0544 Exposure Control Mode RW

00 - Off, 01 - PW,

10 - Int, 11 - Ext

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x0548 Exposure Time RW <Exposure Value> FRR_EXP_MIN, FRM_TIM_ACT

0x054C Prog. Line Time Enable RW 1 - Enable, 0 - Disable 0x00000000 0x00000001

0x0550 Prog. Frame Time Enable RW 1 - Enable, 0 - Disable 0x00000000 0x00000001

0x0554 Line Time RW <Line Time Value> LIN_TIM_MIN 0x00001FFF

0x0558 Frame Time RW <Frame Time Value> FRM_TIM_MIN 0x00FFFFFF

A.5 VIDEO REGISTERS

Address Register Name

0x0000 PreAmp Gain Ch. 1

0x0004 Analog Gain Ch. 1

0x0008 Analog Offset Ch. 1

0x0010 PreAmp Gain Ch. 2

0x0014 Analog Gain Ch. 2

0x0018 Analog Offset Ch. 2

0x0020 PreAmp Gain Ch. 3

0x0024 Analog Gain Ch. 3

0x0028 Analog Offset Ch. 3

0x0030 PreAmp Gain Ch. 4

0x0034 Analog Gain Ch. 4

0x0038 Analog Offset Ch. 4

0x0180 Digital Gain

0x0184 Digital Offset

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RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

Usage

00 - -3dB, 01 - 0dB,

10 - +3db, 11 - +6db

<Analog Gain Value>

<Analog Offset Value>

00 - -3dB, 01 - 0dB,

10 - +3db, 11 - +6db

<Analog Gain Value>

<Analog Offset Value>

00 - -3dB, 01 - 0dB,

10 - +3db, 11 - +6db

<Analog Gain Value>

<Analog Offset Value>

00 - -3dB, 01 - 0dB,

10 - +3db, 11 - +6db

<Analog Gain Value>

<Analog Offset Value>

<Digital Gain Value>

<Digital Offset Value>

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000003

0x000003FF

0x000003FF

0x00000003

0x000003FF

0x000003FF

0x00000003

0x000003FF

0x000003FF

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x000003FF

0x000003FF

0x00000014

0x000003FF

Rev. 2.0.2

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

0x0110 Tap Balance

0x0114 Black Level Correction

RW

RW

00 - Off, 01

– Auto Dyn,

10

– Once Dyn, 11 - Static

1 - Enable, 0 - Disable

A.6 AEC, AGC, AIC REGISTERS

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000002

0x00000001

Address

Register Name Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

0x014C Auto Iris Control

0x0150 Auto Exposure Control

0x0154 Auto Gain Control

0x0158 Luminance Level Threshold

0x05B0 Maximum Exposure Limit

RW

RW

RW

RW

1 - Enable,

0 - Disable

1 - Enable,

0 - Disable

1 - Enable,

0 - Disable

<Luminance

Threshold Value>

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000FFF

RW <Max. Exp. Value> FRR_EXP_MIN FRM_TIM_ACT

0x0160 Maximum Gain Limit

0x0164 AOI Horizontal Width

RW <Max. Gain Value>

RW <Width Value>

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x000003FF

MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x0168 AOI Horizontal Offset

0x016C AOI Vertical Height

0x0170 AOI Vertical Offset

0x0174 Exposure Correction Speed

0x0178 Gain Correction Speed

0x017C Luminance Type Selection

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

<Offset Value>

<Height Value>

<Offset Value>

00 - 1x, 01 - 2x,

10 - 3x, 11 - 4x

00 - 1x, 01 - 2x,

10 - 3x, 11 - 4x

00 - Average,

01 - Peak

0x00000000

0x00000001

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

MAX_HRZ_SZE - 1

MAX_VER_SZE

MAX_VER_SZE - 1

0x00000003

0x00000003

0x00000003

A.7 TRIGGER REGISTERS

Address

Register Name

0x0508 Trigger Input Selector

0x050C Trigger Edge Selector

0x0510 De-bounce Time Selector

Type

RW

RW

RW

0x0514 Trigger Overlap RW

0x0518 Triggering Mode Selector

0x05BC Triggering Enable/Disable

RW

RW

0x6030 Software Trigger Start WO

0x051C Number of Frames Captured RW

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Usage

000 - Off, 001 - External

010 - PG, 011

– Computer,

100 - Software

1 - Falling, 0 - Rising

000 - Off, 100 - 10

 s,

101 - 50

 s, 001 - 100

 s,

110 - 500

 s, 010 - 1ms,

111 - 5ms, 011 - 10ms

00

– Ignore, 10 – Accept,

01

– Accept After Exp.,

<Trigger Mode>

0

– Enable, 1 – Disable

Command

<Number Frames>

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000004

0x00000000 0x00000001

0x00000000 0x00000007

0x00000000 0x00000000

0x00000000 0x00000004

0x00000000 0x00000004

0x00000000

0x00000001 0x0000FFFF

Rev. 2.0.2

11/20/2012

0x0520 Number of Pulses Used RW

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

<Number Pulses> 0x00000001 0x0000FFFF

0x0524 Trigger Strobe Enable RW

00 - Off, 01

– Str1,

10

– Str2, 11 – Str1&2

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x0528 Trigger Exposure Delay RW

0x052C Trigger Strobe Position Delay RW

0x05B8 Trigger Strobe Duration RW

<Exposure Delay Value> 0x00000000 0x00FFFFFF

<Strobe Position Delay>

<Strobe Duration>

A.8 PULSE GENERATOR REGISTERS

0x00000000 0x00FFFFFF

0x00000000 0x00FFFFFF

Address Register Name Type Usage

0x0530 Pulse Gen. Granularity RW

0x0534 Pulse Gen. Pulse Width RW

0x0538 Pulse Gen. Pulse Period RO

00 - 1x, 01 - 10x, 10 -

100x, 11 -1000x

<Pulse Width>

<Pulse Period>

0x053C Pulse Gen. # of Pulses RW <Number of Pulses>

0x0540 Pulse Gen. Enable RW 1 - Enable, 0 - Disable

A.9 TEST PATTERN REGISTERS

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x00000001 0x0007FFFF

0x00000001 0x001FFFFF

0x00000001 0x0000FFFF

0x00000000 0x00000001

Address

Register Name Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

0x012C Test Mode Selector

0x0130 H&V Lines Superimpose

0x0134 Cross Superimpose

RW

RW

RW

0x0 - Off,

0xX - Test Mode

1 - ON, 0 - Off

1 - ON, 0 - Off

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000009

0x00000001

0x00000001

RW <H1 Line Position> 0x00000001 MAX_VER_SZE 0x0138 H1 Superimpose Line Position

0x013C H2 Superimpose Line Position RW <H2 Line Position> 0x00000001 MAX_VER_SZE

0x0140 V1 Superimpose Column Position RW <V1 Column Position> 0x00000001 MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x0144 V2 Superimpose Column Position RW <V2 Column Position> 0x00000001 MAX_HRZ_SZE

0x0148 Superimposed Lines Brightness RW <Brightness Value> 0x00000000 0x00000FFF

A.10 STROBE REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

0x055C Strobe 1 mode selector

0x0560 Strobe 2 mode selector

0x0564 Strobe 1 duration

0x05B4 Strobe 2 duration

0x0568 Strobe 1 position

0x056C Strobe 2 position

RW

RW

00 - Off, 01 - Each,

10 - Odd, 11 - Even

00 - Off, 01 - Each,

10 - Odd, 11 - Even

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000003

0x00000003

RW < S1Duration Value> 0x00000001 FRM_TIM_ACT

RW < S2Duration Value> 0x00000001 FRM_TIM_ACT

RW <S1 Position Value>

RW <S2 Position Value>

0x00000001

0x00000001

FRM_TIM_ACT

FRM_TIM_ACT

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A.11 INPUT AND OUTPUT REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

0x0570 CC1 Polarity Selector

0x0574 CC1 Input Selector

0x0578 CC2 Polarity Selector

0x057C CC2 Input Selector

0x0580 IN1 Polarity Selector

0x0584 IN1 Input Selector

0x0588 IN2 Polarity Selector

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW <Input Map> 0x00000000 0x00000005

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW <Input Map> 0x00000000 0x00000005

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW <Input Map> 0x00000000 0x00000005

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

0x058C IN2 Input Selector

0x0590 OUT1 Polarity Selector

0x0594 OUT1 Output Selector

0x0598 OUT2 Polarity Selector

RW <Input Map> 0x00000000 0x00000005

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW <Output Map> 0x00000000 0x0000000F

RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

0x059C OUT2 Output Selector RW <Output Map> 0x00000000 0x0000000F

0x05A0 CL Spare Polarity Selector RW 1 - Active H, 0 -Active L 0x00000000 0x00000001

0x05A4 CL spare Output Selector RW <Output Map> 0x00000000 0x0000000F

A.12 OUTPUT DATA FORMAT REGISTERS

Address

Register Name

0x0100 Bit Depth Selector

0x0104 Bit Shift Selector

0x0108 Tap Mode Selector

0x010C Data Format Selector

0x0188 Negative Image

0x0504 Scan Mode Control

0x05A8 Camera LVAL Size

0x05AC Camera FVAL Size

0x0608 Camera Speed

Type Usage MIN Value MAX Value

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

000 - 8, 001 -10,

010 - 12, 011

– 14,

100

– 3x8 RGB

<Bit Sift>

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x00000000 0x0000000F

00 - Single, 01 - Dual 0x00000000 0x00000003

<Format> 0x00000000 0x00000003

1 - Enable, 0 - Disable 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW 1 - Partial/Center, 0 - Full 0x00000000 0x00000001

RW

RW

RW

1 - Full, 0 - Active

1 - Full, 0 - Active

1 - Fast, 0 - Normal

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000000

0x00000001

0x00000001

0x00000001

A.13 WB AND COLOR CORRECTION REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type

0x0300 White Balance Mode RW

0x0304 WBC Red

0x0308 WBC Green

0x030C WBC Blue

0x0310 Gain Red

0x0314 Gain Green

0x0318 Gain Blue

0x031C Offset Red

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RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

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Usage

00 - Off, 01 - Once,

10 - Auto, 11

– Manual

<Value>

<Value>

<Value>

<Value>

<Value>

<Value>

<Value>

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000003

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x000003FF

Rev. 2.0.2

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0x0320 Offset Green

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

RW <Value> 0x00000000 0x000003FF

0x0324 Offset Blue RW <Value> 0x00000000 0x000003FF

A.14 DATA CORRECTION REGISTERS

Address

Register Name Type Usage

0x0118 Look-Up-Table selector RW 1

– LUT 2, 0 – LUT 1

0x011C Look-Up-Table RW 1 - Enable, 0 - Disable

0x0120 Defective Pixel Correction RW 1 - Enable, 0 - Disable

0x0124 Hot Pixel Correction

0x0128 Flat Field Correction

RW

RW

00

– Disable, 01 – Static,

10

– Dynamic, 11 - All

00

– Disable, 01 – Static,

10

– Dynamic, 11 - All

MIN Value

0x00000000

MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000001

0x00000000 0x00000001

0x00000000 0x00000001

0x00000003

0x00000000 0x00000003

A.15 PROCESSING REGISTERS

Address Register Name

0x0400 Enhancement Mode

0x0404 Point X1 position

0x0408 Point X2 position

0x040C Point Y1 position

0x0410 Point Y2 position

Type

RW

RW

RW

RW

RW

Usage

0000 - Off,

< Mode Select>

<Point X1 Value>

< Point X2 Value >

< Point Y2 Value >

< Point Y2 Value >

A.16 MANUFACTURING DATA REGISTERS

MIN Value MAX Value

0x00000000 0x00000006

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

0x00000000 0x00000FFF

Address Register Name Type

0x7004 Assembly Part Number

0x7008 Assembly Part Number

0x700C Assembly Part Number

0x7010 Assembly Part Number

0x7014 Assembly Serial Number

0x7018 Assembly Serial Number

0x701C CCD Serial Number

0x7020 CCD Serial Number

0x7024 Date of Manufacturer

0x7028 Date of Manufacturer

0x702C Camera Type

0x7030 Camera Type

0x7034 Camera Type

0x7038 Camera Type

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RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

RO

Value

<Assembly Part Number_1>

<Assembly Part Number_2>

<Assembly Part Number_3>

<Assembly Part Number_4>

<Assembly Serial Number_1>

Assembly Serial Number_2

<CCD Serial Number_1>

<CCD Serial Number_2>

<Date of Manufacturer_1>

<Date of Manufacturer_2>

<Type of Camera_1>

<Type of Camera_2>

<Type of Camera_3>

<Type of camera_4>

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Appendix B

– Creating Look Up Tables

Creating Look Up Tables

This appendix provides a reference on how to create a lookup table using both an ASCII editor and an Excel spreadsheet.

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The Lookup Table file can be created using any standard ASCII text editor or by using Microsoft Excel. Additionally, any spreadsheet or mathematical program capable of generating a comma delimited (.csv) file can be used.

See Appendix E for software load procedure.

B.2 USING AN ASCII TEXT EDITOR

A custom LUT (lookup table) can be prepared using any ASCII text editor, such as

“Notepad” or similar. Alternatively, any spreadsheet program (i.e. Microsoft Excel) can be used by converting the spreadsheet into a comma delimited (.csv) file. In either case, the file must be renamed to include the .lut extension. The .lut file has two main sections: a header and a table. The „header‟ section is a free text area of up to 256 ASCII characters. Each line of the header section must be terminated in a comma. The „table‟ section of the file contains an array of 4096 lines with each line containing an input value followed by a comma and an output value. The input values represent incoming pixels and the output values represent what each incoming pixel should be converted into as an output pixel.

The format of the .LUT file is as follows:

-- Look Up Table input file example,

-- lines beginning with two dashes are comments,

-- and are ignored by parser,

:Header,

-- this is the text that will get displayed with a 'glh' command,

Function is 'Negative Image',

Created by John Doe,

Date 1/14/09,

:Table,

-- input output,

0,4095

1,4094

2,4093

3,4092

4,4091

:

4095,0

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B.3 USING MICROSOFT EXCEL

The .LUT file can be created in Excel as follows:

1 - create the spreadsheet as shown below (note that 4096 rows are required in the table).

2 - add the necessary equations into the output cells to generate the transfer function required.

3 - save the file as a .csv (comma delimited format).

4 - rename the .csv file to an extension of .lut.

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Appendix C

– Creating DPC and HPC Tables

Creating DPC and HPC Tables

This appendix provides a reference on how to create a DPC and HPC table using an ASCII editor.

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BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

The Defective Pixel Map (DPM) and Hot Pixel Map (HPM) are provided with each camera. If the user wants to create its own DPM or HPM file, he/she can use any standard

ASCII text editor or Microsoft Excel. Additionally, any spreadsheet or mathematical program capable of generating a comma delimited (.csv) file can be used.

C.2 USING AN ASCII TEXT EDITOR

A custom Defective Pixel Map (DPM) and Hot Pixel Map (HPM) can be prepared using any ASCII text editor, such as “Notepad” or similar. The file must have a .dpm extension for DPM map and .hpm extension for HPM. The .dpm (or .hpm) file has two main sections: a header and a table. The „header‟ section is a free text area of up to 256 ASCII characters.

Each line of the header section must be terminated in a comma. The „table‟ section of the file contains an array of lines with each line containing an X (pixel number) value followed by a comma and a Y (line number) value. All pixels are listed in the DPM (or HPM) in order of increasing Y location. If the Y location is identical, the listing is in order of increasing X location. After editing save each file with the appropriate file extension. The maximum number of pixels in the DMP list is 128, and in HPM list is 1024.

Here is a simple example how to create a DPM. Create the DPM file with extension .dpm using “Notepad” or any other editing software. Locate the defective pixels in the camera and enter them in order starting with the smallest pixel number of the line number first. The file looks like this:

-- Defective Pixel Map,

-- Date: 7/21/2009,

-- Model#: ICL-B0610M,

-- Serial#: 060380,

:Table,

-- Column(X),Row(Y)

4,1

588,1

78,5

82,27

405,300

Note.

In this example the first table entry is pixel 4 from line 1, the next entry is pixel 588 from line 1, and the next entry is pixel 78 from line 5 and so on.

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Appendix D

– Software Installation - CL

Software Installation - CL

This appendix explains how to install the Bobcat CamConfig software.

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Use the following steps to install the BobCat Configurator software supplied on a CD. Note that

„click‟ refers to the left mouse button.

1. If a version of BobCat Configurator was previously installed on this machine, then you must first remove it:

To remove the application files:

1.1 Click on “Start”.

1.2 Click on “Settings”.

1.3 Click on “Control Panel”.

Double click on “Add or Remove Programs” for Windows XP or “Programs and

Featuresfor Windows Vista and Windows 7.

1.5 Click on “BobCat Configurator”.

1.6 Click on “Remove”.

1.7

If the „BobCat Configurator – InstallShield Wizard‟ pops-up then do the following, otherwise go to step 1.8:

Click on “Remove”.

Click “Next”.

Click “Yes”.

Click “Finish”.

1.8 Click on “Yes”.

1.9 Click on “Close”.

2. After having removed a previous version or if a version of BobCat Configurator was NOT previously installed on this machine then:

The first step is to install the application files:

2.1 Insert the BobCat Configurator CD into the appropriate drive; the setup.exe file will run automatically. Note: If it does not start automatically, click on “Start”, “Run”, enter or browse to “(CD drive): setup.exe” and click “OK”.

2.2

Wait for the “BobCat Configurator - InstallShield Wizard” screen to appear.

2.3 Follow the on-screen instructions.

2.4 Click “Finish”. This completes the software installation.

2.5 Reboot your computer.

For additional information and the latest updates and downloads, please visit our website at www.imperx.com

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Appendix E

– Firmware Upgrade - CL

Firmware Upgrade - CL

This appendix explains how to upgrade the Bobcat Firmware, DPH, HPM,

FFC, LUT and camera registers for Bobcat CL cameras.

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E.1 OVERVIEW

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Bobcat Camera series supports user FirmWare (FW) and Workspace registers upgrade, along with a custom DPC, HPC, FFC and LUT tables upload. The upload utility software is provided as a part of CamConfig GUI, shipped with each camera. After installing the program, the user has access to a „download‟ utility window, which allows the user to download newly released firmware or other files into the camera‟s non-volatile memory.

To receive the latest FW and RGS files, please contact Imperx. The user Application

Firmware file normally is called “ICL_XXXXX_RU_ABC.rpd” where “XXXXX” represents the camera type and “ABC” represents the version number. The Factory Space upgrade file is normally called “ICL_ YYYYY _RU_RA.rgs” where “YYYYY” represents the camera type and “A” represents the version number.

E.2 BOBCAT UPGRADE

The user can select to upload either new Camera Firmware, Camera Factory Register Space, a Lookup Table, a Defect Pixels Correction table, a Hot Pixels Correction table or a Flat

Field Correction file by selecting the appropriate path/filename of the file can be entered manually into the edit box or browsed to by clicking on the „…‟ button. Clicking on the

„Load File…‟ button begins the download process. The user must be familiar with the entire procedure and must follow it precisely. To start a Bobcat upgrade, follow the described steps:

Start Application Bobcat CamConfig go to Main Menu and from submenu “Load From…” select “Factory Space”. Wait until camera is initialized.

Go to Main Menu and from submenu “Terminal”, select Download Terminal.

When “Download Terminal” is opened, from File Type, you have to select what file you want to upload to the Camera: Application Firmware Image (rpd), Factory Space (rgs) file), DPC,

HPC, FFC or LUT – Figure E.1.

DPC, HPC, FFC and LUT Upgrade: When you select the appropriate file for this particular camera you have to press button “Load File” and wait to finish the process of uploading. This could take few minutes. When everything is done you should get the message “Done!” Repower the camera.

FW Upgrade: When you select the appropriate Application Firmware Image file for this particular camera you have to press button “Load File” and wait to finish the process of uploading. This could take few minutes. When everything is done you should get the message

“Done! Reset FPGA and the current new version of your camera firmware” – Figure E.2.

RGS Upgrade: When you select the appropriate Factory Space file for this particular camera you have to press button “Load File” and wait to finish the process of uploading. This could take few minutes. When everything is done you should get the message “Uploading is finished successfully”. Please re-power your camera after Factory Space upgrading –Figure

E.2.

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Figure E.1

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Figure E.2

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Figure E.3

CAUTION NOTE

It is strongly recommended that you DO NOT USE any other communication software to upgrade the camera FW, RGS, DPC, HPC, FFC and LUT files.

If the user selects to upgrade camera firmware (.RPD file) and camera factory register space (.RGS file), the camera firmware (.RPD) must be upgraded first.

During camera RGS or FW upgrade the camera power must be on all the time, and the process must not be interrupted. If the camera is disconnected or the process canceled, this will result in a user application firmware corruption. If such event occurs start the upload process again until completion. If the upgrade process cannot be completed, the camera will power with the default Factory Firmware so you can start the upgrade process again. If you need more information, please contact Imperx.

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If the user selects to upgrade camera firmware and camera factory register space, the camera firmware must be upgraded first.

During camera RGS or FW upgrade the camera power must be on all the time, and the process must not be interrupted. If the camera is disconnected or the process canceled, this will result in a user application firmware corruption. If such event occurs start the upload process again until completion. If the upgrade process cannot be completed, the camera will power with the default Factory Firmware so you can start the upgrade process again. If you need more information, please contact Imperx.

During DPC, HPC, FFC or LUT upgrade the camera power must be on all the time, and the process must not be interrupted. If the camera is disconnected or the process canceled, start the upload process again until completion. If the upgrade process cannot be completed, the corresponding camera function will not work. This will not affect the overall camera performance, so you can start the upgrade process again. If you need more information, please contact Imperx.

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Appendix F

– GigE Vision Firmware upgrade

GigE Vision Firmware upgrade

This appendix explains how to upgrade and install GEV firmware and table upgrades.

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F-1 Overview:

The Bobcat camera GEV can be upgraded and custom DPM, HPM, FFC and LUT files loaded. The example shown is to upgrade the camera firmware as this is more complicated, than the loading of the custom DPM, HPM, FFC and LUT files. the same procedure is used for all.

During firmware upgrade three files will need to be loaded the .RPD, .RGS and the IP engine. They must be loaded in the order stated.

Before you begin upgrading the camera files the following criteria must be met:

1. Read and understand these Instructions

2. Be familiar with the general operation of the Bobcat camera to be upgraded.

3. Have the PC and camera on a working/charged UPS system.

4. Using the GEV player that you can access the camera connected to the NIC card and that it displays images and generally functions.

5. Close all camera configuration software.

6. Download the correct file or files needed from web site and saved to a known, assessable location (it is recommended that you save this file or files to your desktop.

7. Verify the file or files are for the camera to be upgraded.

8.

Write down the serial number of the camera very important.

In Windows go to- Start -All programs –Imperx- Bobcat GEV- Bobcat GEV download utility.

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The GEV device selection window will open.

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Select the appropriate camera you want to upgrade; the information on the right side of the display should match the device you want to program/upgrade.

Click OK and the download window should appear.

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Select the appropriate file (.RPD) and Click on the load file button.

The program will erase the existing file and load the information from the file selected.

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After the download has completed the camera needs to be reset.

Note: You must cycle power to the camera for a proper reset.

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F-2 RGS Upgrade

Now you will up-grade the RGS file in a similar manner from the down load utility select” factory space (. RGS). Then, browse to the location of the file and select it.

Click the “ load file “ button to start the upgrade of this file.

After completion of file uploading, close the down load utility and the camera will need to be reset.

Note: You must cycle power to the camera for a proper reset.

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F-3 IP Engine Install

From DOS prompt navigate to the folder where the IGV file is located then run the installer using the IGV file then a space and use parameter –n followed by the serial number of the camera xxxxxx.

Make sure you have the correct IP Engine for the camera model IGV xxxx.exe application.

Use the file name IGVxxxx.exe –n123456 (need a space between the .exe and the -n)

This loads the serial number back into the camera.

Select the IP engine file and click OK.

After successful completion of the update close the window and power cycle the camera.

CAUTION NOTE

 It is strongly recommended that you DO NOT USE any other communication software to upgrade the camera FW, RGS, DPC, HPC, FFC and LUT files.

 If the user selects to upgrade camera firmware and camera factory register space, the camera firmware must be upgraded first.

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 During camera RGS or FW upgrade the camera power must be on all the time, and the process must not be interrupted. If the camera is disconnected or the process canceled, this will result in a user application firmware corruption. If such event occurs start the upload process again until completion. If the upgrade process cannot be completed, the camera will power with the default Factory Firmware so you can start the upgrade process again. If you need more information, please contact Imperx.

 During DPC, HPC, FFC or LUT upgrade the camera power must be on all the time, and the process must not be interrupted. If the camera is disconnected or the process canceled, start the upload process again until completion. If the upgrade process cannot be completed, the corresponding camera function will not work. This will not affect the overall camera performance, so you can start the upgrade process again. If you need more information, please contact Imperx.

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Appendix G

– Power Supplies

Power Supplies

This appendix has power supply models and connectors for Bobcat series cameras.

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Model: PS12V04 Bobcat standard power supply ordered separately.

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Trigger & Strobe pigtail with Male BNC connectors

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Model: PS12V05 Auto Iris 4 pin Video Type Option power supply ordered separately.

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P4 CON4PF: 4 pin MINI plug E4-191J

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Pin Signal

1

2

3

4

IRIS + 12 VDC

IRIS Return

IRIS Video

IRIS Return

BOBCAT Hardware User’s Manual

Type

Power

Ground Return

Video Signal

Ground Return

Cable

Brn

Red

Yell

Orn

Description

+ 12 VDC Main Power @ 1A Max

12 VDC Iris Power Return

Iris Video Output

12 VDC Iris Power Return

Table 4.0 – Auto Iris 4 pin MINI plug E4-191J

Power Supply Specs:

Cable length:

Supplied AC power input cable (IEC): 1.8m (6‟) 100 - 240 Vac, 50 - 60Hz 1A

Power supply Output (+12V): 3m (10‟) ± 15cm (6”) connector HIROSE #HR10A-10P-12S

Strobe & Trigger: 10cm (4”) ± 1cm (0.5”) connector BNC male

Auto Iris Option: 18cm (7”) ± 1cm (0.5”) Video type 4 Pin MINI plug connector E4-191J

Electrical:

Over-Voltage Protective Installation

Short-circuit Protective Installation

Protection Type: Auto-Recovery

10 -15 VDC 12VDC nominal, 2 A.

Load regulation ± 5%

Ripple & Noise 1% Max.

Regulatory:

Class 1

Safety standards UL60950-1,EN60950-1,IEC60950-1

Safety (1) EMC UL/CUL,CE,TUV,DoIR+C-Tick,Semko,CCC,FCC

Safety (2) BSMI,FCC

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