IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware - Page d'accueil

IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware - Page d'accueil
򔻐򗗠򙳰
ERserver
IBM xSeries 225
Type 8647
Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting
Guide
򔻐򗗠򙳰
ERserver
IBM xSeries 225
Type 8647
Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting
Guide
Note
Before using this information and the product it supports, be sure to read Appendix C, “Notices”, on
page 159.
Third Edition (February 2003)
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2002. All rights reserved.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
About this manual
This manual contains diagnostic information, a Symptom-to-FRU index, service
information, error codes, error messages, and configuration information for the IBM®
Eserver xSeries™ 225.
Important: The field replaceable unit (FRU) procedures are intended for trained
servicers who are familiar with IBM xSeries products. See Chapter 7,
“Parts listing xSeries 225 Type 8647”, on page 117 to determine if the
component being replaced is a customer replaceable unit (CRU) or a
field replacable unit (FRU).
Important safety information
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements in this book before performing
any of the instructions. See “Safety information” on page 125.
Leia todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo antes de executar qualquer operação.
Prenez connaissance de toutes les consignes de type Attention et Danger avant de
procéder aux opérations décrites par les instructions.
Lesen Sie alle Sicherheitshinweise, bevor Sie eine Anweisung ausführen.
Accertarsi di leggere tutti gli avvisi di attenzione e di pericolo prima di effettuare
qualsiasi operazione.
Lea atentamente todas las declaraciones de precaución y peligro ante de llevar a
cabo cualquier operación.
Online support
You can download the most current diagnostic, BIOS flash, and device driver files
from http://www.ibm.com/pc/support on the World Wide Web.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
iii
iv
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Contents
About this manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Important safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Online support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Chapter 1. General information. .
Related publications . . . . . .
Notices and statements in this book
Features and specifications . . . .
Controls and indicators . . . . .
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Chapter 2. Configuring your server . . . . . . . .
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program . . . . .
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program . . .
Configuration/Setup Utility menu choices . . . . . .
Passwords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD . . .
ServerGuide features . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setup and configuration overview . . . . . . . .
System Partition . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typical operating system installation . . . . . . .
Setting up or updating multiple servers . . . . . .
Installing your operating system without ServerGuide .
Using ServeRAID Manager . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program . . .
Starting the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program .
Formatting a SCSI hard disk drive . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller . . . . . .
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Chapter 3. Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checkout procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic tools overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
POST error codes and messages . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error logs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing error logs from the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Viewing error logs from diagnostic programs . . . . . . .
ServerGuide error symptoms . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Small computer system interface messages . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic programs, error codes, and messages . . . . . .
Text messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the diagnostic programs . . . . . . . . . . .
System-board error LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic error code tables . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recovering from a POST/BIOS update failure . . . . . . .
Erasing a lost or forgotten password (clearing CMOS) . . . .
Power checkout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting the Ethernet controller . . . . . . . . . .
Network connection problems . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ethernet controller troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . .
Ethernet controller messages . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. 7
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Chapter 4. Installing options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Major components of the IBM Eserver xSeries 225 Type 8647 . . . . . . . 33
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
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System board . . . . . . . . . . . .
System board internal cable connectors. .
System board external cable connectors .
System-board error LEDs . . . . . . .
Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . .
System reliability considerations . . . .
Server power features . . . . . . . . .
Turning on the server . . . . . . . .
Turning off the server . . . . . . . .
Moving the stabilizing feet . . . . . . . .
Removing the side cover . . . . . . . .
Removing the front bezel . . . . . . . .
Removing the frame-support bracket . . . .
Working with adapters . . . . . . . . .
Adapter considerations . . . . . . . .
Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . .
Cabling an optional SCSI adapter . . . .
Installing internal drives . . . . . . . . .
Internal drive bays . . . . . . . . .
Working with hot-swap drives . . . . .
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive . . .
Installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives. .
Installing a 5.25-inch removable-media drive
Power and signal cables for internal drives
Installing memory modules . . . . . . .
Installing a microprocessor . . . . . . .
Configuring the operating system . . . .
Installing the microprocessor . . . . . .
Installing a security rope clip . . . . . . .
Replacing a hot-swap power supply . . . .
Replacing the battery . . . . . . . . .
Completing the installation. . . . . . . .
Replacing the bezel . . . . . . . . .
Installing the side cover. . . . . . . .
Updating your server configuration. . . .
Connecting external options . . . . . . .
Installing the server in a rack. . . . . . .
Input/output ports . . . . . . . . . . .
Audio connectors . . . . . . . . . .
Auxiliary-device (pointing-device) connector
Ethernet (RJ-45) connector . . . . . .
Keyboard connector . . . . . . . . .
Parallel connector . . . . . . . . . .
Serial connectors . . . . . . . . . .
Ultra320 SCSI connector . . . . . . .
Universal Serial Bus connectors . . . .
Video connector . . . . . . . . . .
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34
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74
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
Power button . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor and heat sink . .
Thermal grease. . . . . . . .
Hot-swap hard disk drive cage . .
Hot-swap backplane . . . . . .
Non-hot swap power supply . . .
Front fan . . . . . . . . . .
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Rear fans . . . . . . .
Mini-PCI video adapter . .
Removing the system board
CD-ROM drive . . . . .
Diskette drive . . . . .
Top/side cover . . . . .
Bezel-release latch . . .
Handle assembly . . . .
Rear-adapter retainer . .
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Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index . . .
Beep symptoms . . . . . . . . . .
No-beep symptoms . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic error codes . . . . . . . .
Error symptoms . . . . . . . . . .
Hot-swap power-supply LED errors . . .
POST error codes . . . . . . . . .
Service processor error codes . . . . .
SCSI error codes . . . . . . . . .
Temperature error messages . . . . .
Fan error messages . . . . . . . .
Power error messages. . . . . . . .
System shutdown . . . . . . . . .
Voltage related system shutdown . . .
Temperature related system shutdown .
DASD checkout . . . . . . . . . .
Host built-in self test (BIST) . . . . . .
Bus fault messages . . . . . . . . .
Undetermined problems . . . . . . .
Problem determination tips . . . . . .
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. 97
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. 113
. 113
. 114
Type 8647 .
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119
120
Appendix A. Getting help and technical assistance .
Before you call . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the documentation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Getting help and information from the World Wide Web
Software service and support . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware service and support . . . . . . . . . .
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123
123
123
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124
124
Appendix B. Related service information . . . .
Safety information . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General safety . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical safety . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety inspection guide . . . . . . . . . .
Handling electrostatic discharge-sensitive devices
Grounding requirements . . . . . . . . . .
Safety notices (multilingual translations) . . . .
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Appendix C. Notices
Edition notice . . .
Trademarks. . . .
Important notes . .
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Contents
vii
Chapter 7. Parts listing xSeries 225
System replaceable units. . . . .
Keyboards (CRUs) . . . . . . .
Power cords (CRUs) . . . . . .
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Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement . . . . .
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement . . . . .
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement . . . . . . . . .
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement . . . . .
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement . . . . .
Taiwan electrical emission statement . . . . . . . . . . . .
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) statement
viii
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
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Chapter 1. General information
Your IBM Eserver xSeries 225 Type 8647 server is a high-performance server that
can be upgraded to a symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server through a
microprocessor upgrade. It is ideally suited for networking environments that require
superior microprocessor performance, efficient memory management, flexibility, and
reliable data storage.
The xSeries 225 server contains several IBM X-Architecture™ technologies, which
help increase server performance and reliability.
Your server comes with a limited warranty. If you have access to the World Wide
Web, you can obtain up-to-date information about your server model and other IBM
server products at http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/eserver/xseries/.
Your server serial number and model number are located on labels on the bottom of
the server and on the front below the bezel. You will need these numbers when you
register your server with IBM. The information label containing the serial number,
machine type, model number, and agency marks for your server is located on the
bottom of the server.
Related publications
This Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide contains
information to help you solve the problem yourself or to provide helpful information
to a service technician.
In addition to this Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide, the
following xSeries 225 Type 8647 documentation is provided with your server:
v Installation Guide
This printed publication contains setup and installation instructions.
v Rack Installation Instructions
This printed publication contains the instructions to install your server in a rack.
v Safety Book
This multilingual publication is provided in Portable Document Format (PDF) on
the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. It contains translated versions of the caution
and danger statements that appear in the documentation for your server. Each
caution and danger statement has an assigned number, which you can use to
locate the corresponding statement in your native language.
v User’s Guide
This publication is provided in PDF on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. It
contains general information about your server, including information about
features, how to configure your server, how to use the ServerGuide™ Setup and
Installation CD, and how to get help.
v Option Installation Guide
This publication is provided in PDF on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. It
contains instructions to install, remove, and connect optional devices supported
by your server.
Depending on your server model, additional publications might be included on the
IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
1
Notices and statements in this book
The caution and danger statements used in this book also appear in the multilingual
Safety Information book provided on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. Each
caution and danger statement is numbered for easy reference to the corresponding
statements in the safety book.
The following types of notices and statements are used in this book:
v Note: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.
v Important: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid
inconvenient or problem situations.
v Attention: These notices indicate possible damage to programs, devices, or
data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which
damage could occur.
v Caution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous
to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially
hazardous procedure step or situation.
v Danger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or
extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the
description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or
situation.
2
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Features and specifications
The following table provides a summary of the features and specifications of your
server. Depending on your server model, some features might not be available, or
some specifications might not apply.
You can use the Configuration/Setup Utility program in your server to determine the
specific type of microprocessor that is on the system board.
Table 1. Features and specifications
Microprocessor:
v Intel Xeon™ Processor
v 512 KB Level-2 cache
v 400 MHz or 533 MHz front-side bus
(FSB)
v Support for up to two
microprocessors
Memory:
v Minimum: 256 MB
v Maximum: 8 GB
v Type: PC2100, double-data-rate
(DDR)
v Connectors: four dual inline memory
module (DIMM) connectors, two-way
interleaved
Drives standard:
v Diskette: 1.44 MB (two mode)
v CD-ROM: IDE
Expansion bays:
v Six open hot-swap, slim-high,
3.5-inch drive bays (some models)
v Four slim-high, 3.5-inch drive bays
with one hard disk drive installed
(some models)
v Two 5.25-inch bays (CD-ROM drive
installed in one bay)
v One 3.5-inch removable-media drive
bay (diskette drive installed)
PCI expansion slots:
v Four PCI-X 100 MHz/64-bit
v One PCI 33 MHz/32-bit
Cooling:
Three speed-controlled fans
Upgradeable microcode:
BIOS upgrades (when available) can
update EEPROMs on the system board
Integrated functions:
v Support for IBM Remote Supervisor
Adapter
v Broadcom 5703 10/100/1000 Ethernet
controller on the system board with
RJ-45 Ethernet port
v Two serial ports
v One parallel port
v Integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities and two Ultra320 SCSI
ports (one internal, one optional
external)
v Four Universal Serial Bus (USB) v2.0
ports (two on front and two on rear of
enclosure)
v Keyboard port
v Mouse port
v Audio ports (rear)
– Line out
– Mic
– Line in
v ATA-100 dual-channel IDE controller
v ATI Rage XL video (mini-PCI)
– Compatible with SVGA and VGA
– 8 MB video memory
Electrical input:
v Sine-wave input (50 or 60 Hz) required
v Input voltage and frequency ranges
automatically selected
v Input voltage low range:
– Minimum: 100 V ac
– Maximum: 127 V ac
v Input voltage high range:
– Minimum: 200 V ac
– Maximum: 240 V ac
v Input kilovolt-amperes (kVA) approximately:
– Minimum: 0.15 kVA (all models)
– Maximum: 0.80 kVA with standard power
supply, 0.62 kVA with optional redundant
hot-swap power supplies
Heat output:
Approximate heat output in British thermal
units (Btu) per hour
v Minimum configuration: 341 Btu/hour (100
watts)
v Maximum configuration: 2455 Btu/hour (720
watts) with standard power supply, 1910
Btu/hour (560 watts) with optional redundant
hot-swap power supplies
error LEDs:
v Fans
v Memory
v Microprocessors
Environment:
v Air temperature:
– Server on: 10° to 35°C (50° to 95°F)
Altitude: 0 to 2134 m (7000 ft)
– Server off: -40° to +60°C (-40° to 140°F)
Power supplies:
Maximum altitude: 2134 m (7000 ft)
v Hot-swap (some models)
v Humidity (operating and storage): 8% to
Standard: Two 350 watt output (115-230
80%
V ac) for redundancy
v Non-hot-swap (some models)
Acoustical noise emissions:
Standard: One 425 watt output (115-230 v Sound power, idle: 5.3 bel maximum
V ac)
v Sound power, operating: 5.6 bel maximum
Size:
v Height: 440 mm (18.4 in.)
v Depth: 660 mm (26 in.)
v Width: 217 mm (6.5 in.)
v Weight: 20 kg (44 lb) to 25.8 kg (57 lb)
depending upon configuration
Chapter 1. General information
3
Controls and indicators
Ethernet link
status LED
Ethernet
transmit/receive
activity LED
CD-eject
button
CD-ROM drive
activity LED
Diskette-eject
button
Diskette drive
activity LED
Hard disk drive
activity LED
Power-on
LED
Power-control
button
System error
LED
CD-eject button
Press this button to release a CD from the CD-ROM drive.
CD-ROM drive activity LED
When this LED is lit, it indicates that the CD-ROM drive is in use.
Diskette-eject button
Press this button to release a diskette from the diskette drive.
Diskette drive activity LED
When this LED is lit, it indicates that the diskette drive is in use.
Hard disk drive activity LED
When this LED is flashing, it indicates that a hard disk drive is in use.
Power-on LED
When this LED is lit and does not flash, it indicates that the server is turned
on. When this LED is flashing, it indicates that the server is off and still
connected to an ac power source.
Power-control button
Press this button to turn the server on and off manually. You can install a
circular disk, called the power-control button shield, over the power-control
button to prevent accidental manual power-off. This disk is provided with
your server.
System error LED
When this LED is lit, it indicates that a system error has occurred. An LED
on the system board might also be lit to help isolate the error. Detailed
troubleshooting information is in Chapter 6, “Symptom-to-FRU index”, on
page 97.
Ethernet transmit/receive activity LED
This LED is on the Ethernet connector on the back of the server. When this
LED is lit, it indicates that there is activity between the server and the
network.
4
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Ethernet link status LED
This LED is on the Ethernet connector on the back of the server. When this
LED is lit, it indicates that there is an active connection on the Ethernet
port.
Chapter 1. General information
5
6
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
The following configuration programs are provided with your server:
v Configuration/Setup Utility
This is part of the basic input/output system (BIOS) code in your server. Use it to
configure serial port assignments, change interrupt request (IRQ) settings,
change the startup-device sequence, set the date and time, and set passwords.
For information about using this utility program, see “Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility program”.
v IBM ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
This provides software-setup tools and installation tools that are designed for
your server. Use this CD during the installation of your server to configure basic
hardware features, such as an integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities,
and to simplify the installation of your operating system. For information about
using this CD, see “Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD” on page
11.
v ServeRAID Manager
ServeRAID Manager is available as a stand-alone program and as an IBM
Director extension. If a ServeRAID adapter is installed in your server or if you are
using the RAID capabilities of the SCSI controller, use ServeRAID Manager to
define and configure your disk-array subsystem before you install the operating
system. For information about using this program, see “Using ServeRAID
Manager” on page 15.
v LSI Logic Configuration Utility
Use this to configure the integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities and
the devices that are attached to it. For information about using this utility
program, see “Using the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program” on page 15.
v Ethernet controller configuration process
For information about configuring the Ethernet controller, see “Configuring the
Gigabit Ethernet controller” on page 16.
Using the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to:
v View configuration information
v View and change assignments for devices and I/O ports
v Set the date and time
v Set and change passwords and Remote Control Security settings
v Set the startup characteristics of the server and the order of startup devices
v Set and change settings for advanced hardware features
v View and clear error logs
Starting the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Complete the following steps to start the Configuration/Setup Utility program:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the prompt Press F1 for Configuration/Setup appears, press F1. If you
have set both a power-on password and an administrator password, you must
type the administrator password to access the full Configuration/Setup Utility
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
7
menu. If you do not type the administrator password, a limited
Configuration/Setup Utility menu is available.
3. Select settings to view or change.
Configuration/Setup Utility menu choices
The following choices are on the Configuration/Setup Utility main menu. Depending
on the version of the BIOS code in your server, some menu choices might differ
slightly from these descriptions.
v System Summary
Select this choice to view configuration information, including the type, speed,
and cache sizes of the microprocessors and the amount of installed memory.
When you make configuration changes through other options in the
Configuration/Setup Utility program, the changes are reflected in the system
summary; you cannot change settings directly in the system summary.
This choice is on the full and limited Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
v System Information
Select this choice to view information about your server. When you make
changes through other options in the Configuration/Setup Utility program, some
of those changes are reflected in the system information; you cannot change
settings directly in the system information.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
– Product Data
Select this choice to view the machine type and model of your server, the
serial number, and the revision level or issue date of the BIOS and
diagnostics code stored in electrically erasable programmable ROM
(EEPROM).
– System Card Data
Select this choice to view information about the system board.
v Devices and I/O Ports
Select this choice to view or change assignments for devices and input/output
(I/O) ports.
Select this choice to enable or disable integrated SCSI and Ethernet controllers
and all standard ports (such as serial and parallel). Enable is the default setting
for all controllers. If you disable a device, it cannot be configured, and the
operating system will not be able to detect it (this is equivalent to disconnecting
the device). If you disable the integrated SCSI controller and no SCSI adapter is
installed, the server will have no SCSI capability. If you disable the integrated
Ethernet controller and no Ethernet adapter is installed, the server will have no
Ethernet capability.
This choice is on the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu only.
v Date and Time
Select this choice to set the date and time in the server, in 24-hour format
(hour:minute:second).
8
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v System Security
Select this choice to set passwords. See “Passwords” on page 10 for more
information about passwords. You can also enable the chassis-intrusion detector
to alert you each time the server cover is removed.
– Power-on Password
Select this choice to set or change a power-on password. See “Power-on
password” on page 11 for more information.
– Administrator Password
Select this choice to set or change an administrator password. An
administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. If an administrator
password is set, the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu is available only if
you type the administrator password at the password prompt. See
“Administrator password” on page 11 for more information.
v Start Options
Select this choice to view or change the start options. Changes in the start
options take effect when you restart the server.
You can set keyboard operating characteristics, such as the keyboard speed, and
you can specify whether the server starts with the keyboard number lock on or
off. You can enable the server to run without a diskette drive, monitor, or
keyboard.
The startup sequence specifies the order in which the server checks devices to
find a boot record. The server starts from the first boot record that it finds. If your
server has Wake on LAN hardware and software and the operating system
supports Wake on LAN functions, you can specify a startup sequence for the
Wake on LAN functions. You can also specify whether the integrated SCSI
controller or a PCI SCSI adapter has boot precedence.
If you enable the boot fail count, the BIOS default settings will be restored after
three consecutive failures to find a boot record.
You can enable a virus-detection test that checks for changes in the boot record
when the server starts.
v Advanced Setup
Select this choice to change settings for advanced hardware features.
Important: The server might malfunction if these options are incorrectly
configured. Follow the instructions on the screen carefully.
– Power Management Setup
Select this choice to enable or disable system power settings. This includes
automatic power-on settings such as the Wake on LAN® feature.
– Chipset Feature
Select this choice to modify settings that control features of the core chip set
on the system board.
Attention: Do not make changes in the Chipset Feature option unless
directed to do so by an IBM authorized service representative.
– Processor Control
Select this choice to enable or disable the microprocessor cache and
hyper-threading.
Attention: Do not make changes in the Processor Control option unless
directed to do so by an IBM authorized service representative.
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
9
v PC Health Status
Select this choice to display the server temperature, voltage status, and fan
speeds.
v Error Logs
Select POST Error Log to view the three most recent error codes and messages
that the system generated during POST.
Select Clear event/error logs from the POST Error Log menu to clear the
POST Error Log.
v Save Settings
Select this choice to save the changes you have made in the settings.
v Restore Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes you have made in the settings and
restore the previous settings.
v Load Default Settings
Select this choice to cancel the changes you have made in the settings and
restore the factory settings.
v Exit Setup
Select this choice to exit from the Configuration/Setup Utility program. If you have
not saved the changes you have made in the settings, you are asked whether
you want to save the changes or exit without saving them.
Passwords
From the System Security choice, you can set, change, and delete a power-on
password and an administrator password. The System Security choice is on the
full Configuration/Setup menu only.
If you set only a power-on password, you must type the power-on password to
complete the system startup, and you have access to the full Configuration/Setup
Utility menu.
An administrator password is intended to be used by a system administrator; it
limits access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. If you set only an
administrator password, you do not have to type a password to complete the
system startup, but you must type the administrator password to access the
Configuration/Setup Utility menu.
If you set a power-on password for a user and an administrator password for a
system administrator, you can type either password to complete the system startup.
A system administrator who types the administrator password has access to the full
Configuration/Setup Utility menu; the system administrator can give the user
authority to set, change, and delete the power-on password. A user who types the
power-on password has access to only the limited Configuration/Setup Utility menu;
the user can set, change, and delete the power-on password, if the system
administrator has given the user that authority.
10
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
If you forget the power-on password, you can regain access to the server in any of
the following ways:
v If you have forgotten the user password and an administrator password is set,
type the administrator password at the power-on prompt. Start the
Configuration/Setup Utility program and change the user password.
CAUTION:
Before changing any switch settings or moving any jumpers, turn off the
server; then, disconnect all power cords and external cables.
v Clear CMOS settings by changing the position of the CMOS recovery jumper
(JBAT1). See “Erasing a lost or forgotten password (clearing CMOS)” on page 28
for instructions.
v Remove the battery and then install the battery. See the Option Installation Guide
on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD for instructions.
Power-on password
If a power-on password is set, when you turn on the server, the system startup will
not be completed until you type the power-on password. You can use any
combination of up to seven characters (A–Z, a–z, and 0–9) for the password.
Administrator password
If an administrator password is set, you must type the administrator password for
access to the full Configuration/Setup Utility menu. You can use any combination of
up to seven characters (A–Z, a–z, and 0–9) for the password.
Using the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
The ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD includes an easy-to-use setup and
installation program that is specifically designed for your IBM server. The
ServerGuide program detects the server model and hardware options that are
installed and uses that information during setup to configure the hardware. The
ServerGuide program simplifies operating system installations by providing updated
device drivers and, in some cases, installing them automatically.
If a later version of the ServerGuide program is available, you can download a free
image of the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, or you can purchase the CD.
To download the image, go to the IBM ServerGuide Web page at
http://www.ibm.com/pc/qtechinfo/MIGR-4ZKPPT.html. To purchase the latest
ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, go to the ServerGuide fulfillment Web site
at http://www.ibm.com/pc/coupon/.
The ServerGuide program has the following features to make setup easier:
v An easy-to-use interface with online help
v Diskette-free setup, and configuration programs that are based on detected
hardware
v Performance Optimizer program, which easily tunes your SCSI RAID adapter
settings for your server environment
v A system BIOS update program, which updates the BIOS code directly from the
CD
v Device drivers that are provided for your server model and detected hardware
v Operating system partition size and file-system type that are selectable during
setup
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
11
ServerGuide features
Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the ServerGuide
program. To learn more about the version that you have, start the ServerGuide
Setup and Installation CD and view the online overview. Not all features are
supported on all server models.
The ServerGuide program requires a supported IBM server with an enabled
startable (bootable) CD-ROM drive. In addition to the ServerGuide Setup and
Installation CD, you must have your operating system CD to install your operating
system.
The ServerGuide program has the following features:
v Sets system date and time.
v Detects an installed SCSI RAID adapter or controller and runs the SCSI RAID
configuration program. (Does not apply to the integrated SCSI controller with
RAID capabilities.)
v Updates the licensed internal code (firmware) level without diskettes.
v Checks the system BIOS code and microcode (firmware) levels of supported
options to determine whether a later level is available from the CD. You can
perform updates without using diskettes.
v Provides the Performance Optimizer program to easily tune your SCSI RAID
adapter settings for your server environment.
v Creates a System Partition on the default drive. You can run server-specific utility
programs after setup.
v Detects installed hardware options and provides updated device drivers for most
adapters and devices.
v Creates a setup-replication diskette for replicating setup selections for other
servers of the same model.
v Provides diskette-free installation for supported operating systems.
v Provides a replicated installation path for multiple installations of supported
operating systems.
v Includes an online README file with links to tips for your hardware and
operating system installation.
Setup and configuration overview
When you use the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, you do not need setup
diskettes. You can use the CD to configure any supported IBM server model. The
ServerGuide program checks your system BIOS, service processors, and other
system hardware to determine if system updates are available. The setup program
provides a list of tasks that are required to set up your server model. On SCSI
RAID servers, you can run the SCSI RAID configuration program to create logical
drives.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
When you start the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD, the program performs
the following tasks:
v The ServerGuide program prompts you for your language, country, and keyboard
layout. (This information is stored and later passed to the operating system
installation program.)
v The ServerGuide program displays choices for running the configuration
programs. For example:
12
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
– The Express Configuration method runs the required programs for your
server, based on the hardware that is detected.
– The Custom Configuration method displays all programs that are available for
your server, and you decide which programs to run.
– The Replicated Configuration method provides the option of duplicating your
setup selections to other servers that are the same model.
v If you select the Custom Configuration method, the following features are
optional. If you select the Express Configuration method, some or all of these
features are run, depending on the hardware that is detected:
– The Set Date and Time feature is provided so that you do not have to use the
Configuration/Setup Utility program to access these settings.
– The Clear Hard Disks feature is provided so you can delete all partitions on all
hard disk drives. If the server has a SCSI RAID adapter installed, you can
select to restore the configuration on the SCSI RAID adapter to the factory
default settings.
– The ServerGuide program checks the server BIOS code and microcode
(firmware) levels for supported options and then checks the CD for a newer
level. The CD content might be newer than the BIOS code and firmware level.
The ServerGuide program can perform a flash update of the BIOS code and
supported microcode (firmware) options without using diskettes.
– The SCSI RAID configuration program starts, leading you through the entire
configuration process.
– The Performance Optimizer program easily tunes your server for your
environment.
– The ServerGuide program creates a System Partition on the default drive.
v The ServerGuide program displays a confirmation summary, so that you will
know when you have completed all the required tasks. Then, you are ready to
install your operating system.
Notes:
1. Plug and Play adapters are configured automatically. Non-Plug and Play
adapters or non-IBM adapters might require switch settings, additional device
drivers, and installation after the operating system is installed. See the
documentation that comes with the adapter.
2. Diagnostics for your server come in BIOS code or on a separate diagnostics
CD.
System Partition
The ServerGuide program creates a 50 MB System Partition on the default drive.
The System Partition contains server-specific utility programs such as service
processor disk operating system (DOS) utilities, system diagnostics, flash BIOS
updates, and other programs. Programs in the System Partition vary by server
model, and not all server models run utility programs from the System Partition. To
determine which ones do, start the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD and view
the online overview.
After setup is complete, you can access programs in the System Partition by
restarting the server and pressing Alt+F1 when the prompt is displayed. The
System Partition menu displays the programs that are available on your server
model.
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
13
Typical operating system installation
You can use the ServerGuide program to shorten your installation time. The
ServerGuide program provides the device drivers that are required for your
hardware and for the operating system that you are installing. This section
describes a typical ServerGuide operating system installation.
Note: Features and functions can vary slightly with different versions of the
ServerGuide program.
1. After you have completed the setup process, the operating system installation
program starts. (You will need your operating system CD to complete the
installation.)
2. The ServerGuide program stores information about the server model, service
processor, hard disk drive controllers, and network adapters. Then, the program
checks the CD for newer device drivers. This information is stored and then
passed to the operating system installation program.
3. With some operating system installations, you can create an operating system
replication diskette for setting up additional servers. This diskette contains the
Internet protocol (IP) address, server name, and other selections.
4. The ServerGuide program presents operating system partition options that are
based on your operating system selection and the installed hard disk drives.
5. If you are installing the operating system from diskette, the ServerGuide
program lists the diskettes that you must create and the optional diskettes that
you might want to create. The diskettes that you can create are the
device-driver diskettes for the installed adapters or controllers.
6. The ServerGuide program prompts you to insert your operating system CD and
restart the server. At this point, the installation program for the operating system
takes control to complete the installation.
Setting up or updating multiple servers
You can use the ServerGuide program to create diskettes that help you set up or
update multiple servers. You can modify information on the diskettes as you use
them to set up or update other servers.
Note: Availability and function can vary by server model and by the hardware that
is installed.
You can create a setup-replication diskette, which contains your hardware
configuration selections. Use this diskette to replicate selections to other servers
that are of the same model.
You can create an operating system replication diskette, which contains information
that you need to complete multiple installations. Not all operating systems support
operating system replication diskettes.
Installing your operating system without ServerGuide
If you have already configured the server hardware and you decide not to use the
ServerGuide program to install your operating system, complete the following steps
to download the latest operating system installation instructions from the IBM
Support Web page:
1. Go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/.
2. Under Browse, click Servers.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
3. From the Family drop-down list, select your server model.
4. If operating system installation instructions are available for your server model,
OS installation is in the list in the upper-left corner of the Web page. Click OS
installation and select the instructions for your operating system.
Using ServeRAID Manager
You can use the ServeRAID™ Manager program, which is on the IBM ServeRAID
Support CD, to:
v Configure a redundant array of independent disks (RAID)
v Restore a SCSI hard disk drive to factory-default settings, erasing all data from
the disk
v View your RAID configuration and associated devices
v Monitor operation of your RAID controllers
You can run ServeRAID Manager in startable-CD mode from the IBM ServeRAID
Support CD or as an installed program. For information about installing ServeRAID
Manager, see the documentation on the CD.
See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID Support CD for
additional information about RAID technology and instructions for using ServeRAID
Manager. The Installation Guide for your server also contains instructions for using
ServeRAID Manager to configure your integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities.
Notes:
1. The integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities in your server supports
only RAID level 1. Installing an optional ServeRAID-5i controller provides
additional RAID levels.
2. If you install a different type of RAID adapter in your server, use the
configuration method supplied with the RAID adapter to view or change SCSI
settings for attached devices.
Before you install your operating system, you must configure the controller that is
attached to the hard disk drives. Use the configuration program on the IBM
ServeRAID Support CD to configure the integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities or to configure an optional IBM ServeRAID controller.
Notes:
1. You cannot use the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD to configure the
optional controllers.
2. To update the firmware and BIOS code for an optional ServeRAID controller,
you must use the IBM ServeRAID Support CD that comes with the ServeRAID
option.
Using the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program
LSI Logic Configuration is a built-in, menu-driven configuration utility program that
you can use to:
v Perform a low-level format of a SCSI hard disk drive
v Set a SCSI device scan order
v View or change SCSI IDs for attached devices
v Set SCSI protocol parameters on SCSI hard disk drives
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
15
Notes:
1. The integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities in your server supports
redundant array of independent disks (RAID). You can use the LSI Logic
Configuration Utility program to configure RAID level 1 for a single pair of
attached devices.
2. If you install a different type of RAID adapter in your server, use the
configuration method supplied with the RAID adapter to view or change SCSI
settings for attached devices.
The following sections provide the instructions for starting and running the LSI Logic
Configuration Utility program and performing selected functions.
Starting the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program
Complete the following steps to start the LSI Logic Configuration Utility program:
1. Turn on the server.
2. When the prompt <<< Press <CTRL><C> to start LSI Logic Configuration
Utility >>> appears, press Ctrl+C. If you have set an administrator password
you are prompted to type the password.
3. Use the arrow keys to select a controller (channel) from the list of adapters;
then, press Enter.
4. Follow the instructions on the screen to change the settings of the selected
items; then, press Enter. The Device Properties and Mirroring Properties
choices produce additional screens of parameters to review or change.
Formatting a SCSI hard disk drive
Low-level formatting removes all data from the hard disk. If there is data you want
to save, back up the hard disk before performing this procedure. Complete the
following steps to format a drive.
Note: Before you format a SCSI hard disk, make sure that it is not part of a
mirrored pair. From the list of adapters, select the controller (channel) for the
drive to format. Select Mirroring Properties and make sure the mirroring
value for the drive is set to None.
1. From the list of adapters, select the controller (channel) for the drive to format.
2. Select Device Properties.
3. Use the arrow keys (↑ or ↓) to highlight the drive to format.
4. Use the arrow keys (← or →) or the End key to scroll to the right.
5. Select Format; then, press Enter to begin the low-level formatting operation.
Configuring the Gigabit Ethernet controller
The Ethernet controller is integrated on the system board. It provides an interface
for connecting to a 10-Mbps, 100-Mbps, or 1000-Mbps network and provides full
duplex (FDX) capability, which enables simultaneous transmission and reception of
data on the network. If the Ethernet port in the server supports auto-negotiation, the
controller detects the data-transfer rate of the network (10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, or
1000BASE-T) and automatically operates at that rate, in full-duplex or half-duplex
mode, as appropriate. The Ethernet controller supports optional modes, such as
teaming, priority packets, load balancing, fault tolerance, and virtual LANs, which
provide better performance, security, and throughput. These modes apply to the
integrated Ethernet controller and to controllers on supported Ethernet adapters.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
You do not need to set any jumpers or configure the controller. However, you must
install a device driver to enable the operating system to address the controller. The
device drivers are available on the Broadcom NetXtreme Gigabit Ethernet Software
CD. For the latest device drivers and information about configuring your Ethernet
controller, go to the IBM Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support.
Chapter 2. Configuring your server
17
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
This section provides basic troubleshooting information to help you resolve some
common problems that might occur with your server.
If you cannot locate and correct the problem using the information in this section,
see Appendix A, “Getting help and technical assistance”, on page 123 for more
information.
General checkout
The server diagnostic programs are stored on the IBM Enhanced Diagnostics CD.
These programs provide the primary methods of testing the major components of
the server.
If you cannot determine whether a problem is caused by the hardware or by the
software, you can run the diagnostic programs to confirm that the hardware is
working properly.
When you run the diagnostic programs, a single problem might cause several error
messages. When this occurs, work to correct the cause of the first error message.
After the cause of the first error message is corrected, the other error messages
might not occur the next time you run the test.
A failed server might be part of a shared DASD cluster (two or more servers
sharing one or more external storage devices). Before you run diagnostics, verify
that the failing server is not part of a shared DASD cluster.
A server might be part of a cluster if:
v The server is identified as part of a cluster.
v One or more external storage units are attached to the server and at least one of
the attached storage units is also attached to another server or unidentifiable
source.
v One or more servers are located near the failing server.
If the failing server is suspected to be part of a shared DASD cluster, you can run
all diagnostic tests except the diagnostic tests that test the storage unit (DASD
residing in the storage unit) or the storage adapter attached to the storage unit.
Notes:
1. For servers that are part of a shared DASD cluster, run one test at a time in
looped mode. Do not run all tests in looped mode, because this could enable
the DASD diagnostic tests.
2. If multiple error codes are displayed, diagnose the first error code that is
displayed.
3. If the server stops with a POST error, go to “POST error codes” on page 106.
4. If the server stops and no error is displayed, go to “Undetermined problems” on
page 113.
5. For power supply problems, see “Power checkout” on page 29.
6. For safety information, see “Safety information” on page 125.
7. For intermittent problems, check the error log.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
19
Checkout procedure
Follow the steps in this procedure to identify system problems.
001
IS THE SERVER PART OF A CLUSTER?
YES. Schedule maintenance for the system. Shut down all systems related
to the cluster. Run the storage test.
NO. Go to step 002.
002
IF
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
003
DID YOU RECEIVE BOTH OF THE CORRECT RESPONSES?
THE SERVER IS NOT PART OF A CLUSTER:
Turn off the server and all external devices.
Check all cables and power cords.
Set all display controls to the middle position.
Turn on all external devices.
Turn on the server.
Record any POST error messages that are displayed on the screen. If
an error is displayed, look up the first error in the “POST error codes” on
page 106.
7. Check the System Error log. If an error was recorded by the server, see
Chapter 6, “Symptom-to-FRU index”, on page 97.
8. Start the diagnostic programs.
9. Check for the following responses:
v One beep.
v Readable instructions or the main menu.
NO. Find the failure symptom in Chapter 6, “Symptom-to-FRU index”, on
page 97.
YES. Run the diagnostic programs. If necessary, see “Diagnostic programs,
error codes, and messages” on page 22.
If you receive an error, see Chapter 6, “Symptom-to-FRU index”, on
page 97.
If the diagnostic programs were completed successfully and you still
suspect a problem, see “Undetermined problems” on page 113.
Diagnostic tools overview
The following tools are available to help you identify and resolve hardware-related
problems:
v POST beep codes and error messages
The power-on self-test (POST) generates beep codes and messages to indicate
successful test completion or the detection of a problem. See “POST error codes
and messages” on page 21 for more information.
v Error logs
The POST error log contains the three most recent error codes and messages
that the server has generated during POST.
The System Error Log contains all the error messages that were issued during
POST.
To view the contents of the error logs, start the Configuration/Setup Utility
program; then, select Error Logs from the main menu. See “Viewing the System
Error log” on page 25 for more information.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v ServerGuide error symptoms
ServerGuide error symptoms are explained at “ServerGuide error symptoms” on
page 22.
v Diagnostic programs and error messages
The server diagnostic programs are stored on the IBM Enhanced Diagnostics
CD. These programs are the primary method of testing the major components of
your server. See “Diagnostic programs, error codes, and messages” on page 22
for more information.
v Customized support page
You can create a customized support page that is specific to your hardware,
complete with Frequently Asked Questions, Parts Information, Technical Hints
and Tips, and Downloadable files. In addition, you can choose to receive
electronic mail (e-mail) notifications whenever new information becomes available
about your registered products.
After you register and profile your xSeries products, you can diagnose problems
using the IBM Online Assistant, and you can participate in the IBM discussion
forum. For more detailed information about registering and creating a customized
profile for your IBM products, go to the following addresses on the Web:
– http://www.ibm.com/pc/register
– http://www.ibm.com/pc/support
POST error codes and messages
When you turn on the server, it performs a series of tests to check the operation of
server components and some of the options installed in the server. This series of
tests is called the power-on self-test, or POST.
If POST finishes without detecting any problems, a single beep sounds, and the first
screen of your operating system or application program appears.
If POST detects a problem, more than one beep sounds, and/or an error message
appears on your screen. See “Beep symptoms” on page 97 and “POST error codes”
on page 106 for more information.
Note: A single problem might cause several error messages. When this occurs,
work to correct the cause of the first error message. After you correct the
cause of the first error message, the other error messages usually will not
occur the next time you run the test.
Error logs
The POST error log contains the three most recent error codes and messages that
the system generated during POST.
The System Error log contains all messages issued during POST and all system
status messages from the service processor.
You can view the contents of the System Error log from the Configuration/Setup
Utility program or from the diagnostic programs.
Viewing error logs from the Configuration/Setup Utility program
Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program; then, select Error Logs from the main
menu. See Chapter 2, “Configuring your server”, on page 7 for more information.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
21
Viewing error logs from diagnostic programs
To view error logs from the diagnostic programs, complete the following steps:
1. Start the diagnostic programs. See “Starting the diagnostic programs” on
page 24 for more information.
2. Select Hardware Info from the top of the diagnostic programs screen.
3. Select System Error Log from the list that appears; then, follow the instructions
on the screen.
ServerGuide error symptoms
Look for the symptom in the left column of the chart. Probable solutions to the
problem are in the right column.
Table 2. ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD
Symptom
Suggested action
The ServerGuide
Setup and
Installation CD will
not start.
v Ensure that the server is supported and has a startable (bootable)
CD-ROM drive.
v If the startup (boot) sequence settings have been altered, ensure
that the CD-ROM drive is first in the startup sequence.
v If more than one CD-ROM drive is installed, ensure that only one
drive is set as the primary drive. Start the CD from the primary
drive.
The SCSI RAID
v Ensure that there are no duplicate SCSI IDs or IRQ assignments.
program cannot
v Ensure that the hard disk drive is connected properly.
view all installed
drives, or the NOS
cannot be installed.
The Operating
System Installation
program
continuously loops.
Make more space available on the hard disk.
The ServerGuide
Ensure that the NOS CD you have is supported by the ServerGuide
program will not
program. See the ServerGuide Setup and Installation CD label for a
start your NOS CD. list of supported NOS versions.
The NOS cannot
be installed; the
option is not
available.
Ensure that the NOS is supported on your server. If the NOS is
supported, either there is no logical drive defined (SCSI RAID
systems) or the ServerGuide System Partition is not present. Run the
ServerGuide program, and ensure that setup is complete.
Small computer system interface messages
If you receive a SCSI error message, see “SCSI error codes” on page 109.
Note: If your server does not have a hard disk drive, ignore any message that
indicates that the BIOS is not installed.
Diagnostic programs, error codes, and messages
The server diagnostic programs are stored on the IBM Enhanced Diagnostics CD.
These programs are the primary method of testing the major components of your
server.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Diagnostic error messages indicate that a problem exists. They are not intended to
be used to identify a failing part. Troubleshooting and servicing of complex
problems that are indicated by error messages should be performed by trained
service personnel.
Sometimes the first error to occur causes additional errors. In this case, the server
displays more than one error message. Always follow the suggested action
instructions for the first error message that appears.
Chapter 6, “Symptom-to-FRU index”, on page 97 contains the error codes that might
appear in the detailed test log and summary log when the diagnostic programs are
run.
The error code format is as follows:
fff-ttt-iii-date-cc-text message
where:
fff
is the three-digit function code that indicates the function being
tested when the error occurred. For example, function code 089 is
for the microprocessor.
ttt
is the three-digit failure code that indicates the exact test failure that
was encountered. (These codes are for trained service personnel;
see “Diagnostic error codes” on page 99).
iii
is the three-digit device ID. (These codes are for trained service
personnel; see “Diagnostic error codes” on page 99).
date
is the date that the diagnostic test was run and the error recorded.
cc
is the check value that is used to verify the validity of the
information.
text message is the diagnostic message that indicates the reason for the problem.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
23
Text messages
The diagnostic text message format is as follows:
Function Name: Result (test specific string)
where:
Function Name
is the name of the function being tested when the error occurred. This
corresponds to the function code (fff) shown in the error code format in the
previous section.
Result
can be one of the following:
Passed
This result occurs when the diagnostic test
is completed without any errors.
Failed
This result occurs when the diagnostic test
discovers an error.
User Aborted
This result occurs when you stop the
diagnostic test before it is complete.
Not Applicable
This result occurs when you specify a
diagnostic test for a device that is not
present.
Aborted
This result occurs when the test could not
proceed, for example, because of the
system configuration.
Warning
This result occurs when a possible problem
is reported during the diagnostic test, such
as when a device driver is not found.
test specific string
is additional information that you can use to analyze the problem.
Starting the diagnostic programs
Complete the following steps to start the diagnostic programs:
1. Turn on the server and watch the screen.
2.
3.
4.
5.
24
Note: To run the diagnostic programs, you must start the server with the
highest level password that is set. That is, if an administrator password is
set, you must enter the administrator password, not the user password,
to run the diagnostic programs.
When the message F2 for Diagnostics appears, press F2.
Type the appropriate password; then, press Enter.
Select either Extended or Basic from the top of the screen.
When the Diagnostic Programs screen appears, select the test you want to run
from the list that appears; then, follow the instructions on the screen.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Notes:
a. You can press F1 while running the diagnostic programs to obtain help
information. You also can press F1 from within a help screen to obtain
online documentation from which you can select different categories. To exit
from the help information and return to where you left off, press Esc.
b. If the server stops during testing and you cannot continue, restart the server
and try running the diagnostic programs again. If the problem remains,
replace the component that was being tested when the server stopped.
c. The keyboard and mouse (pointing device) tests assume that a keyboard
and mouse are attached to the server.
d. If you run the diagnostic programs with either no mouse or a USB mouse
attached to your server, you will not be able to navigate between test
categories using the Next Cat and Prev Cat buttons. All other functions
provided by mouse-selectable buttons are also available using the function
keys.
e. You can test the USB keyboard by using the regular keyboard test. The
regular mouse test can test a USB mouse. Also, you can run the USB
interface test only if there are no USB devices attached.
f. You can view server configuration information (such as system configuration,
memory contents, interrupt request (IRQ) use, direct memory access (DMA)
use, device drivers, and so on) by selecting Hardware Info from the top of
the screen.
If the diagnostic programs do not detect any hardware errors but the problem
persists during normal server operations, a software error might be the cause. If
you suspect a software problem, see the information that comes with the software
package.
Viewing the test log
When the tests are completed, you can view the test log by selecting Utility from
the top of the screen and then selecting View Test Log.
Notes:
1. You can view the test log only while you are in the diagnostic programs. When
you exit the diagnostic programs, the test log is cleared (saved test logs are not
affected). To save the test log so that you can view it later, click Save Log on
the diagnostic programs screen and specify a location and name for the saved
log file.
2. To save the test log to a diskette, you must use a diskette that you have
formatted yourself; this function does not work with preformatted diskettes. If the
diskette has sufficient space for the test log, the diskette may contain other
data.
Viewing the System Error log
You can also view the System Error log from the diagnostic programs. See the
instructions in “Viewing error logs from diagnostic programs” on page 22.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
25
System-board error LEDs
The following illustration shows the location of the error LEDs on the system board.
You might need to refer to this illustration when solving problems with the server.
DIMM 1 error LED
(D27)
Fan 1
error LED
(D2)
DIMM 2 error LED
(D26)
Fan 2
error LED
(D19)
DIMM 3 error LED
(D29)
Microprocessor 2
error LED
(D32)
DIMM 4 error LED
(D28)
SCSI controller
status LED
(D45)
PCI fan error LED
(D55)
Table 3. Error LEDs
Error LED
Without optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
With optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
DIMM error (D26, D27, D28,
D29)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
Microprocessor 2 error (D32)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Fan error (D2, D19, D55)
No function
Fan failure
Hard disk error (LEDs on
hot-swap hard disk drives)
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Diagnostic error code tables
For descriptions of the error codes that might appear when you run the diagnostic
programs, see “Diagnostic error codes” on page 99.
Notes:
1. Depending on your server configuration, some of the error codes might not
appear when you run the diagnostic programs.
2. If diagnostic error codes appear that are not listed in the tables, make sure that
your server has the latest levels of BIOS, Remote Supervisor Adapter,
ServeRAID, and diagnostics microcode installed.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Recovering from a POST/BIOS update failure
If power to your server is interrupted while POST/BIOS code is being updated (flash
update), your server might not restart (reboot) correctly. If this happens, use the
following procedure to recover:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Review “Safety information” on page 125.
Turn off the server and all attached devices.
Unplug the power cord; then, disconnect all external cables.
Remove the side cover and frame-support bracket. (See “Removing the side
cover” on page 39 and “Removing the frame-support bracket” on page 40.)
5. Locate the boot block recovery jumper (J12) on the system board, removing
any adapters that impede access to the jumper. The following illustration
shows the location of the jumper on the system board.
(J12)
1 2 3
1 2 3
Normal
Configure
1 2 3
Keep data
1 2 3
1 2 3
Recovery
(no jumper)
Boot block
recovery jumper
(J12)
Clear data
CMOS recovery
jumper (JBAT1)
6. Remove the boot block recovery jumper from pins 1 and 2.
7. Replace any adapters that were removed; then, replace the frame-support
bracket and replace the side cover. (See “Removing the frame-support
bracket” on page 40 and “Installing the side cover” on page 67.)
8. Connect the server to a power source, keyboard, monitor, and mouse.
9. Insert the POST/BIOS update (flash) diskette into the diskette drive. You can
download a file to create this diskette from http://www.ibm.com/pc/support on
the World Wide Web. For more information, see Appendix A, “Getting help and
technical assistance”, on page 123.
10. Turn on the server and the monitor.
11. After the update session completes, turn off the server and monitor.
12. Remove the diskette from the diskette drive.
13. Disconnect all power cords and external cables; then, remove the side cover.
14. Return the boot block recovery jumper to pins 1 and 2.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
27
15. Reinstall the side cover; then, reconnect all external cables and power cords
and turn on the peripheral devices.
16. Turn on the server to restart the operating system.
Erasing a lost or forgotten password (clearing CMOS)
This section applies to lost or forgotten passwords. For more information about lost
or forgotten passwords, see “Passwords” on page 10.
Complete the following steps to set the CMOS recovery jumper and erase a
forgotten password:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page 125.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Unplug the power cord, and disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover and support bracket. (See “Removing the side cover”
on page 39 and “Removing the frame-support bracket” on page 40.)
5. Locate the CMOS recovery jumper (JBAT1) on the system board, removing
any adapters that impede access to the jumper. The following illustration
shows the location of the jumper on the system board.
(J12)
1 2 3
1 2 3
Normal
Configure
1 2 3
Keep data
1 2 3
Clear data
1 2 3
Recovery
(no jumper)
Boot block
recovery jumper
(J12)
CMOS recovery
jumper (JBAT1)
6. Move the CMOS recovery jumper from pins 1 and 2 to pins 2 and 3.
7. Wait 60 seconds; then, return the CMOS recovery jumper to pins 1 and 2.
8. Replace any adapters that were removed; then, replace the frame-support
bracket and replace the side cover. (See “Removing the frame-support
bracket” on page 40 and “Installing the side cover” on page 67.)
You can now start the server one time without having to use the power-on
password and start the Configuration/Setup Utility program. At this time, you
can either delete the old password or set a new power-on password. If you do
not change or delete the password, the next time you start the server the
original power-on password will be reinstated.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
9. Connect the server to a power source, keyboard, monitor, and mouse.
10. Turn on the server. The Configuration/Setup Utility program starts.
11. Follow the instructions to erase the existing password or create a new
password.
12. Select Save Settings and press Enter.
Power checkout
Power problems can be difficult to solve. For example, a short circuit can exist
anywhere on any of the power distribution buses. Usually a short circuit will cause
the power subsystem to shut down because of an overcurrent condition.
Follow this general procedure for troubleshooting power problems:
1. Turn off the server and disconnect all ac power cords.
2. Check for loose cables in the power subsystem. Also check for short circuits.
For example, if there is a loose screw causing a short circuit on a circuit board.
3. Remove adapters and disconnect the cables and power connectors to all
internal and external devices until the server is at the minimum configuration
required to start the server (see “Minimum operating requirements” on page
105).
4. Reconnect all ac power cords and turn on the server. If the server starts up
successfully, replace adapters and devices one at a time until the problem is
isolated. If the server does not start up from the minimal configuration, replace
FRUs of minimal configuration one at a time until the problem is isolated.
To use this method, it is important to know the minimum configuration required for a
system to start (see page 105).
Troubleshooting the Ethernet controller
This section provides troubleshooting information for problems that might occur with
the 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet controller.
Network connection problems
If the Ethernet controller cannot connect to the network, check the following
conditions:
v Make sure that the cable is installed correctly.
The network cable must be securely attached at all connections. If the cable is
attached but the problem remains, try a different cable.
If you set the Ethernet controller to operate at either 100 Mbps or 1000 Mbps,
you must use Category 5 or higher cabling.
v Determine whether the hub supports auto-negotiation. If it does not, try
configuring the integrated Ethernet controller manually to match the speed and
duplex mode of the hub.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
29
v Check the Ethernet controller LEDs on the rear of the server.
These LEDs indicate whether a problem exists with the connector, cable, or hub.
– The Ethernet transmit/receive activity LED on the rear of the server is lit when
the Ethernet controller sends or receives data over the Ethernet Network. If
the Ethernet transmit/receive activity LED is off, make sure that the hub and
network are operating and that the correct device drivers are installed.
– The Ethernet link status LED, on the rear of the server, is lit when the
Ethernet controller receives a LINK pulse from the hub. If the LED is off, there
might be a defective connector or cable or a problem with the hub.
v Make sure that you are using the correct device drivers, which are supplied with
your server.
v Check for operating-system-specific causes for the problem.
v Make sure that the device drivers on the client and server are using the same
protocol.
v Test the Ethernet controller.
The way the Ethernet controller is tested depends on which operating system
you are using (see the Ethernet controller device driver README files).
Ethernet controller troubleshooting chart
Use the following troubleshooting chart to find solutions to 10/100/1000 Mbps
Ethernet controller problems that have definite symptoms.
Table 4. Ethernet troubleshooting chart
Ethernet controller
problem
FRU/actions
The server stops
running when loading
device drivers.
The PCI BIOS interrupt settings are incorrect.
Check the following:
v Determine if the interrupt (IRQ) setting assigned to the Ethernet controller is also
assigned to another device in the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
Although interrupt sharing is allowed for PCI devices, some devices do not function well
when they share an interrupt with a dissimilar PCI device. Try changing the IRQ
assigned to the Ethernet controller or the other device. For example, for NetWare
Versions 3 and 4, it is recommended that disk controllers not share interrupts with LAN
controllers.
v Make sure that you are using the most recent device driver available from the World
Wide Web.
v Reseat or replace the adapter.
Ethernet link status LED Check the following:
does not work.
v Make sure that the hub is turned on.
v Check all connections at the Ethernet controller and the hub.
v Use another port on the hub.
v If the hub does not support auto-negotiation, manually configure the Ethernet controller
to match the hub.
v If you manually configured the Duplex mode, make sure that you also manually
configure the speed.
v Reseat or replace the adapter.
The Ethernet
transmit/receive activity
LED does not work.
Check the following:
v Make sure that you have loaded the network device drivers.
v The network might be idle. Try sending data from this server.
Data is incorrect or
sporadic.
Check the following:
v Make sure that you are using Category 5 or higher cabling when operating the server at
100 Mbps or at 1000 Mbps.
v Make sure that the cables do not run close to noise-inducing sources like fluorescent
lights.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Table 4. Ethernet troubleshooting chart (continued)
Ethernet controller
problem
FRU/actions
The Ethernet controller
stopped working when
another adapter was
added to the server.
Check the following:
v Make sure that the cable is connected to the Ethernet controller.
v Make sure that your PCI system BIOS code is current.
v Reseat the adapter.
v Determine if the interrupt (IRQ) setting assigned to the Ethernet adapter is also assigned
to another device in the system. Use the Configuration/Setup Utility program to
determine if this is the case.
Although interrupt sharing is allowed for PCI devices, some devices do not function well
when they share an interrupt with a dissimilar PCI device. Try changing the IRQ
assigned to the Ethernet adapter or the other device.
v Reseat or replace the adapter.
The Ethernet controller Check the following:
stopped working without v Try a different connector on the hub.
apparent cause.
v Reinstall the device drivers. See your operating-system documentation and the
ServerGuide information.
v Reseat or replace the adapter.
Ethernet controller messages
The integrated Ethernet controller might display messages from certain device
drivers. The latest information available concerning these messages will be made
available at the IBM Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support.
Chapter 3. Diagnostics
31
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 4. Installing options
This chapter provides instructions for adding hardware options to your server. Some
option-removal instructions are provided in case you need to remove one option to
install another.
Major components of the IBM Eserver xSeries 225 Type 8647
The following illustration shows the locations of major components of the IBM
Eserver xSeries 225 Type 8647 server.
Note: The illustrations in this document might look slightly different from your
hardware.
Cover
Air baffle
Filler
panels
EMC shield
Rear adapterretaining bracket
Adapter airflow
guide
Microprocessor
Heatsink
Large hot-swap
drive cage
Front adaptersupport bracket
Bezel
Bezel
door
Memory module
Frame-support bracket
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
33
System board
This illustration identifies the parts of the system board. Depending on installed
options, your system board might look slightly different.
DIMM 1
DIMM 2
DIMM 3
DIMM 4
Microprocessor 1
(CPU1)
Microprocessor 2
(CPU2)
AGP Pro slot
Battery
PCI slot 1
(PCI1)
PCI-X slot 2
(PCI2)
Video
adapter
Mini-PCI
type III slot 6
(PCI6)
PCI-X slot 3
(PCI3)
PCI-X slot 4
(PCI4)
PCI-X slot 5
(PCI5)
Remote Supervisor Adapter (JMGT1)
System board internal cable connectors
The following illustration identifies system board connectors for internal cables.
Rear fan 1
(SYSFAN1)
Main power
(POWER1)
Diskette
drive (FDD1)
Secondary IDE
(IDE2)
Power
(POWER2)
Primary IDE
(IDE1)
Error LED
(JER2)
Cover switch
(JCI2)
Rear fan 2
(SYSFAN2)
CD audio
(JCD1)
Front panel
switch/LEDs
(JFP1)
SCSI
channel A
(SCSI1)
PCI fan
(SYSFANS)
34
Wake-on-LAN
(JWL)
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
SCSI LED
(J18)
SCSI
channel B
(SCSI2)
System board external cable connectors
The following illustration identifies system board connectors for external options.
Mouse
Keyboard
USB 1/
USB 2
Parallel
(LPT1)
Serial A/
Serial B
(COMA/
COMB)
Ethernet
Audio
Front panel USB (JUSB3)
System-board error LEDs
The following illustration shows the LEDs on the system board. You might need to
refer to this illustration when solving problems with the server.
DIMM 1 error LED
(D27)
Fan 1
error LED
(D2)
DIMM 2 error LED
(D26)
Fan 2
error LED
(D19)
DIMM 3 error LED
(D29)
Microprocessor 2
error LED
(D32)
DIMM 4 error LED
(D28)
SCSI controller
status LED
(D45)
PCI fan error LED
(D55)
Table 5. Error LEDs
Error LED
Without optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
With optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
DIMM error (D26, D27, D28,
D29)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
Microprocessor 2 error (D32)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Chapter 4. Installing options
35
Table 5. Error LEDs (continued)
Error LED
Without optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
With optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
Fan error (D2, D19, D55)
No function
Fan failure
Hard disk error (LEDs on
hot-swap hard disk drives)
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Installation guidelines
Before you begin to install options in your server, read the following information:
v Review “Safety information” on page 125. These guidelines will help you work
safely with your server and options.
v When you need to access the inside of the server to install options, you might
find it easier to lay the server on its side. Before laying the server on its side,
rotate the two front stabilizing feet a quarter turn inward toward the server, so
that they do not break. Before returning the server to an upright position, rotate
the front stabilizing feet a quarter turn outward from the server. See “Moving the
stabilizing feet” on page 38 for more information.
v Make sure that you have an adequate number of properly grounded electrical
outlets for your server, monitor, and other devices that you will connect to the
server.
v Back up all important data before you make changes to disk drives.
v Have a small flat-blade screwdriver available.
v You do not need to turn off the server to install or replace hot-swap power
supplies, hot-swap drives, or hot-plug Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices.
v The blue color on components and labels identifies touch points where you can
grip a component, move a latch, and so on.
v For a list of supported options for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on the World Wide Web.
System reliability considerations
To help ensure proper system cooling and system reliability, make sure that:
v Each of the drive bays has a drive or a filler panel and electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) shield installed.
v If the server has redundant power, each of the power-supply bays has a power
supply installed.
v There is adequate space around the server to allow the server cooling system to
work properly. Leave approximately 50 mm (2 in.) of open space around the front
and rear of the server. Do not place objects in front of the fans. For proper
cooling and airflow, replace the server cover before turning on the server.
Operating the server for extended periods of time (over 30 minutes) with the
server cover removed might damage server components.
When installing the server in a rack, make sure that space is available around
the server to enable the server cooling system to work properly. See the
documentation that comes with the rack for additional information.
v You have followed the cabling instructions that come with optional adapters.
v You replace a failed fan as soon as possible.
v You replace a hot-swap drive within 2 minutes of removal.
v Cables for optional adapters are routed according to the instructions provided
with the adapters.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v You do not remove the air baffle when the server is operating. Operating the
server without the air baffle might cause the microprocessor to overheat.
v Microprocessor socket 2 always contains either a microprocessor baffle or a
microprocessor.
Server power features
When the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on, the
operating system does not run, and all core logic except for the service processor is
shut down; however, the server can respond to requests from the service processor,
such as a remote request to turn on the server. The power-on LED flashes to
indicate that the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on.
Turning on the server
Notes:
1. Turn on all external devices, such as the monitor, before turning on the server.
2. The power-on LED on the front of the server is lit when the server is on and
while it is powering-up.
3. You can install a circular disk over the power-control button to prevent
accidental manual power-off. This disk, known as the power-control button
shield, comes with your server.
Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac power, the
power-control button becomes active, and you can turn on the server and start the
operating system by pressing the power-control button. The server can also be
turned on in any of the following ways:
v If a power failure occurs while the server is turned on, the server will restart
automatically when power is restored.
v If the server is connected to an ASM interconnect network that contains at least
one system with an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter installed, the server can
be turned on from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v If an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in the server, the server can
be turned on from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v When you plug in your server for the first time, the Wake on LAN feature can
turn on the server. If your server was previously turned on, it must be properly
turned off for the Wake on LAN feature to turn on the server.
v If your server was previously turned on, it must be properly turned off for the
Wake on LAN feature to turn on the server.
Note: When 4 GB or more of memory (physical or logical) is installed, some
memory is reserved for various system resources and is unavailable to the
operating system. The amount of memory that is reserved for system
resources depends on the operating system, the configuration of the server,
and the configured PCI options.
Turning off the server
When you turn off the server and leave it connected to ac power, the server can
respond to requests from the service processor, such as a remote request to turn
on the server. To remove all power from the server, you must disconnect it from the
power source.
Chapter 4. Installing options
37
Some operating systems require an orderly shutdown before you turn off the server.
See your operating-system documentation for information about shutting down the
operating system.
Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power-control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
Note: After turning off the server, wait at least 5 seconds before you press the
power-control button to turn on the server again.
The server can be turned off in any of the following ways:
v You can turn off your server from the operating system, if your operating system
supports this feature. After an orderly shutdown of the operating system, the
server will be turned off automatically.
v You can press the power-control button on the front of the server to start an
orderly shutdown of the operating system and turn off the server, if your
operating system supports this feature.
v If the operating system stops functioning, you can press and hold the
power-control button for more than 4 seconds to turn off the server.
v If the server is connected to an ASM interconnect network that contains at least
one system with an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter installed, the server can
be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v Of an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in the server, the server
can be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v The server can turn itself off as an automatic response to a critical system
failure.
Moving the stabilizing feet
On some server models, the four feet on the bottom of the server rotate 90 degrees
to provide additional stability.
38
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
When installing options in the server, you might find it easier to lay the server on its
side. If you do so, rotate the feet inward towards the server, so they do not break.
Removing the side cover
To remove the side cover, you might find it easier to lay the server on its side. If
you do, and your server has stabilizing feet that rotate, move the stabilizing feet so
that they do not break (see “Moving the stabilizing feet” on page 38).
Complete the following steps to remove the side cover of the server:
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Unlock the side cover; then, pull the cover-release latch away from the server,
and push the cover toward the rear of the server. Lift the side cover off the
server and set it aside.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
Chapter 4. Installing options
39
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the cover before turning on the
server. Operating the server with the cover removed might damage server
components.
Removing the front bezel
When working with some devices, such as additional optical drives, you must first
remove the front bezel to access the device.
Complete the following steps to remove the front bezel:
1. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
2. For hot-swap hard disk drive models:
a. Open the server door.
b. Rotate the hot-swap lock bar forward and remove it from the bezel (see the
illustration on page 48). If the hot-swap lock bar will not rotate, press the top
of the hot-swap lock bar to release the lock mechanism.
3. Locate the bezel-release lever; then, press the bezel-release lever toward the
front of the server.
4. Pull the top of the bezel away from the chassis; then, push the bezel down to
disengage the bottom tabs.
5. Remove the bezel from the server and store the bezel in a safe place.
Removing the frame-support bracket
When working with some devices, such as hard disk drives, adapters, and memory
modules, you must first remove the frame-support bracket to access the device.
40
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Complete the following steps to remove the frame-support bracket:
1. Review Safety information beginning on page 125 and “Installation guidelines”
on page 36.
2. Remove the side cover (“Removing the side cover” on page 39).
3. Pull out on the rear end of the frame-support bracket approximately 150 mm (6
in.).
4. Disengage the front end of the frame-support bracket from the server and set
the bracket aside.
To reinstall the frame-support bracket, reverse the previous steps.
Working with adapters
Your server comes with adapter connectors or slots. The standard video adapter is
installed in mini-PCI slot 6 (PCI6). You can install up to five additional optional
adapters in PCI slot 1 (PCI1) and PCI-X slots 2 through 5 (PCI2 through PCI5).
See “System board” on page 34 for the locations of expansion slots on the system
board.
Adapter considerations
Before you install an adapter, review the following information:
v Read the documentation that comes with your operating system.
v Locate the documentation that comes with the adapter and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions in this chapter. If you need to change
the switch or jumper settings on your adapter, follow the instructions that come
with the adapter.
v Installation of an AGP video adapter in the AGP slot is not supported.
v You can install a only 32-bit adapter in the 32-bit PCI slot 1 and 64-bit adapters
in the 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 through 5.
Chapter 4. Installing options
41
v You can install full-length adapters in all five expansion slots; however,
double-width adapters will not fit in slot 5 and are not supported. None of the
expansion slots are hot-plug.
v The 32-bit PCI slot 1 supports 5.0 V signaling PCI adapters; it does not support
3.3 V signaling adapters or 64-bit adapters.
v The 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 through 5 support 3.3 V signaling PCI or PCI-X
adapters; they do not support 5.0 V signaling adapters.
v The PCI bus configuration is as follows:
– The 32-bit PCI slot 1 and mini-PCI slot 6 (video adapter) are on the 33 MHz
PCI bus.
Note: Do not install any adapters other than the standard video adapter in
mini-PCI slot 6. Other adapter types are not supported.
– The 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 and 3 and the integrated Ethernet controller are on
the 100 MHz PCI-X bus, channel A.
– The 64-bit PCI-X slots 4 and 5 and the integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities are on the 100 MHz PCI bus, channel B. If an optional
ServeRAID-5i controller is installed, it overrides the standard functionality of
the integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities and forces PCI-X slots 4
and 5 to 66 MHz.
v The optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter can be installed only in PCI slot 1.
Use the ribbon cable that comes with this adapter to connect it to the Remote
Supervisor Adapter connector (JMGT1) on the system board.
v The optional ServeRAID-5i controller can be installed only in PCI-X slot 4 and
must use the 3-U bracket that comes preinstalled on the controller.
v To provide failover protection, an optional Ethernet adapter can be installed only
in PCI-X slots 2 through 5.
v The server scans the AGP slot, mini-PCI slot 6, PCI expansion slot 1, and PCI-X
expansion slots 2 through 5 to assign system resources. Then, the server starts
the PCI devices in the following order, if you have not changed the default
startup sequence: AGP slot, mini-PCI slot 6, PCI expansion slot 1, system-board
integrated drive electronics (IDE) or SCSI devices (including optional
ServeRAID-5i controller), and then PCI-X expansion slots 2 through 5.
v For a list of supported options for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/ on the World Wide Web.
Installing an adapter
Note: You can install an optional ServeRAID-5i controller only in PCI-X slot 4. Slot
4 is the only PCI-X slot that supports the ServeRAID-5i controller
requirements. Install the ServeRAID-5i controller using the 3-U bracket that
comes preinstalled on the controller. See the documentation that comes with
the ServeRAID-5i controller for additional information.
Complete the following steps to install an adapter in your server:
1. Review the “Installation guidelines” on page 36 and “Safety information” on
page 125.
2. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
3. Determine which slot you will use for the adapter. Check the instructions that
come with the adapter for any requirements, restrictions, or cabling
instructions. It might be easier to route cables before you install the adapter.
42
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
4. Rotate the rear adapter-retention bracket to the open (unlocked) position and
remove it from the server. Rotate the front adapter-retention bracket to the
open position. If you are installing a smaller adapter, remove only the rear
adapter-retention bracket.
5. Remove the expansion-slot cover. From the rear of the server, press on the
slot cover. Grasp it and pull it out of the expansion slot. Store it in a safe place
for future use.
Note: Expansion-slot covers must be installed on all vacant slots. This
maintains the electronic emissions standards of the server and ensures
proper ventilation of server components.
6. Set any jumpers or switches on the adapter or system board according to the
documentation that comes with the adapter.
Attention: Avoid touching the components and gold-edge connectors on the
adapter.
7. If you are installing a full-length adapter, remove the blue adapter guide (if any)
from the end of the adapter.
Adapter guide
Attention: Be certain that the adapter is correctly seated in the expansion
slot before you turn on the server. Incomplete installation of an adapter might
damage the system board or the adapter.
Chapter 4. Installing options
43
8. Carefully grasp the adapter by the top edge or upper corners, and align it with
the expansion slot guides; then, press the adapter firmly into the expansion
slot. Move the adapter directly from the static-protective package to the
adapter slot.
Expansion-slot
cover
Rear adapterretaining
bracket
Adapter
Front adapterretaining bracket
9. Connect required cables to the adapter. Route cables so that they do not block
the flow of air from the fans. If you are installing an optional SCSI adapter, see
“Cabling an optional SCSI adapter” for additional information.
10. If you have another adapter to install, repeat steps 3 through 9.
11. If you have installed a full-length adapter, rotate the front adapter-support
bracket to the closed (locked) position.
12. Reinstall the rear adapter-retention bracket; then, rotate the bracket to the
closed (locked) position.
Note: If any adapters in your server are large or have heavy cables attached
to them, you can remove the rear adapter-retention bracket and secure
all of the adapters with expansion-slot screws. The expansion-slot
screws are stored on the back of the server next to slot 1.
13. If you have other options to install, do so now; otherwise, go to “Completing
the installation” on page 67.
Cabling an optional SCSI adapter
You can install an optional SCSI adapter in your server to control the internal hard
disk drives. With a SCSI adapter installed, you can configure the internal hard disk
drives into disk arrays. You can also cable a SCSI adapter to external hard disk
drives. See your SCSI adapter option documentation for complete instructions for
installing a SCSI adapter in your server and for additional information about SCSI
adapters.
44
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Notes:
1. This information in this section does not apply to the ServeRAID-5i controller,
which uses the integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities on the system
board.
2. An optional SCSI adapter or cable option is required to connect external SCSI
devices.
Complete the following steps to cable an optional SCSI adapter:
1. Install the SCSI adapter (see “Installing an adapter” on page 42).
2. Connect the SCSI signal cable to the adapter and to one or more of the
signal-cable connectors to the rear of the SCSI devices.
3. Connect the SCSI-activity-indicator cable to the adapter and to the SCSI-LED
connector (J18) on the system board. See “System board internal cable
connectors” on page 34 for the location of the SCSI-LED connector.
SCSI
signal
cable
SCSI
LED
Expansion-slot
cover
Rear adapterretaining
bracket
SCSI signal
cable connector
SCSI
Adapter
SCSI activity
indicator cable
connector
Front adapterretaining bracket
SCSI
activity
indicator
cable
4. Complete the installation of the optional SCSI adapter.
Installing internal drives
Several types of drives are available, such as:
v Diskette
v Hard disk
v CD-ROM
v DVD-ROM
v Tape, including digital linear tape (DLT), super digital linear tape (SDLT), and
linear tape-open (LTO)
Note: The server supports both internal and external tape drives.
Chapter 4. Installing options
45
Some server models contain hardware that supports hot-swap drives, which you
can replace without turning off the server.
Internal drive bays
All server models come with an IDE CD-ROM drive in bay 1 and a 2.3-in., 1.44 MB
diskette drive in bay 3. Depending on your server model it will also come with either
six hot-swap hard disk drive bays or a hard disk drive in bay 7. Internal drives are
installed in bays.
Server with hot-swap hard disk drives
Bay 1
Bay 2
Bay 3
Bay 4
Bay 5
Bay 6
Bay 7
Bay 8
Bay 9
Server with non-hot-swap hard disk drives
Bay 1
Bay 2
Bay 3
Bay 4
Bay 5
Bay 6
Bay 7
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: The SCSI IDs for the hot-swap drives are printed on the hot-swap lock bar,
immediately adjacent to the hot-swap drive bays (see Table 6 on page 50).
A three-drop power signal cable and a one-drop IDE cable come attached to the
CD-ROM drive. Use this power signal cable to connect the removable-media drives.
The one-drop SCSI signal cable that comes with your server will need to be
replaced with a two-drop SCSI signal cable to provide a signal connection to the
removable-media drives.
The integrated IDE controller in your server supports the connection of up to four
IDE devices.
Some server models support a maximum of six 1-inch (26 mm) slim-high, 3.5-inch,
hot-swap hard disk drives in the hot-swap bays. The hot-swap bays are arranged
vertically in the hard disk drive cage; the bay numbers are 1 through 6 (from bottom
to top). Bays 1 through 6 are below the removable-media drive bays.
Diskette drives, tape drives, CD-ROM, DVD/CD-RW, and DVD-ROM drives are
examples of removable-media drives. You can install removable-media drives in
bays 1, 2, and 3 only.
You can install a 3.5-in. slim-high or 5.25-in. half-high removable-media drive, such
as a tape backup drive, in bay 2. The server supports half-high DLT, SDLT, and LTO
drives. For a list of supported options for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on the World Wide Web. To install a 3.5-in. drive
in a 5.25-in. bay, you must use the 5.25-in. conversion kit, supplied with the option.
The electromagnetic interference (EMI) integrity and cooling of the server are
protected by having all bays and PCI slots covered or occupied. When you install a
drive or PCI adapter, save the EMC shield and filler panel from the bay or the PCI
adapter slot cover in the event you later remove the option.
Notes:
1. To minimize the possibility of damage to the hard disk drives when you are
installing a hard disk drive in a rack model, install the rack model in the rack
before installing the hard disk drives.
2. You do not have to turn off the server to install hot-swap drives in the hot-swap
drive bays. However, you must turn off the server when performing any steps
that involve installing or removing cables.
Working with hot-swap drives
The hot-swap drives are attached to a hot-swap hard disk drive backplane. The
backplane is a printed circuit board behind the drive bays. For more information
about drive bays and drive installation, see “Installing internal drives” on page 45.
The low voltage differential (LVD) SCSI hot-swap hard disk drive backplane
supports a maximum of six slim-high, hot-swap hard disk drives.
Each hot-swap drive that you plan to install must be mounted in a hot-swap-drive
tray. The drive must have a Single Connector Attachment (SCA) connector.
Hot-swap-drive trays come with hot-swap drives.
Each hot-swap drive has two indicator LEDs (see the User’s Guide on the IBM
xSeries Documentation CD). If the amber hard disk drive status LED for a drive is lit
Chapter 4. Installing options
47
continuously, that drive is faulty and requires replacement. When the hard disk drive
status LED indicates a drive fault, you can replace the drive without turning off the
server.
For increased security, the hot-swap drives and filler panels are locked in the server
by the hot-swap lock bar. The hot-swap lock bar cannot be released, allowing
installation and removal of the hot-swap drives and filler panels, unless the key lock
on the server side cover is unlocked.
Note: All drives being used in the server should have the same speed rating:
mixing speed ratings will cause all drives to operate at the lower speed.
The hard disk drives that are connected to the standard backplane are attached to
channel A.
Notes:
1. Table 6 on page 50 lists the SCSI identifiers (IDs) for the standard LVD SCSI
backplane and hard disk drives.
2. Cable identifiers are printed on the cables that come with your server and
options. Use these identifiers to connect the cables to the correct connectors.
3. For additional information about cabling, see “Cabling an optional SCSI adapter”
on page 44 and “Connecting external options” on page 69.
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive
Complete the following steps to install a drive in a hot-swap bay.
Attention: To maintain proper system cooling, do not operate the server for more
than 10 minutes without either a drive or a filler panel installed for each bay.
Note: All hot-swap drives being used in the server should have the same speed
rating; mixing speed ratings will cause all drives to operate at the lower
speed.
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Open the server door.
3. Remove the hot-swap lock bar.
a. Unlock the side-cover lock.
b. Rotate the hot-swap lock bar forward and remove it from the bezel. If the
hot-swap lock bar will not rotate, press the top of the hot-swap lock bar to
release the lock mechanism.
4. Remove the filler panel from one of the empty hot-swap bays by inserting your
finger into the depression at the left side of the filler panel and pulling it away
from the server.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
5. Install the hard disk drive in the hot-swap bay:
a. Ensure that the tray handle is open (that is, perpendicular to the drive).
b. Align the drive assembly with the guide rails in the bay.
c. Gently push the drive assembly into the bay until the drive stops.
d. Push the tray handle to the closed (locked) position.
Filler panel
Drive-tray
assembly
Hot-swap
lock bar
Drive tray-handle
(in open position)
e. Check the hard disk drive status indicator to verify that the hard disk drive is
operating properly.
If the amber hard disk drive status light for a drive is lit continuously, that
drive is faulty and needs to be replaced. If the green hard disk drive activity
light is flashing, the drive is being accessed.
Note: If your server is configured for RAID operation using the integrated SCSI
controller with RAID capabilities or an optional ServeRAID controller, you
might need to reconfigure your disk arrays after installing hard disk
drives. See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID
Support CD for additional information on RAID operation and complete
instructions for using ServeRAID Manager.
6. If you are installing additional hot-swap hard disk drives, do so now; otherwise,
continue with step 7
7. Make sure that the side cover is unlocked; then, insert the hot-swap lock bar
into the slots on the front bezel and rotate it to the locked position.
8. Hold the hot-swap lock bar in the closed position, lock the side cover key lock,
and close the server door.
The hot-swap-drive backplane controls the SCSI IDs for the internal hot-swap drive
bays. The SCSI ID for each hot-swap hard disk drive is printed on the hot-swap
lock bar. Table 6 on page 50 lists the SCSI IDs for the hard disk drives and
backplane that are connected to one channel in hot-swap hard disk drive models. In
the typical configuration, the standard hard disk drives and backplane are
connected to channel A.
Chapter 4. Installing options
49
Table 6. SCSI IDs for standard hot-swap hard disk drives and backplane
Device
SCSI ID
Drive bay 9
0
Drive bay 8
1
Drive bay 7
2
Drive bay 6
3
Drive bay 5
4
Drive bay 4
5
Backplane
8
Installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives
Bays 4, 5, and 6 are in the drive cage. The drive cage is behind the front of the
adapter-support bracket. Drives are installed starting at the bottom in bay 7.
Additional drives are then installed in bays 6, 5, and 4.
Notes:
1. You can install up to four non-hot-swap hard disk drives in your server. The
additional space in the drive cage above bay 4 is not designed to accommodate
any additional drives.
2. When installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives, you might find it easier to lay the
server on its side. If you do so, and your server has stabilizing feet that rotate,
move the feet inward toward the server, so that they do not break.
Complete the following steps to install a drive in bay 4, 5, or 6:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page 125 and “Installation
guidelines” on page 36.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
5. Remove the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
6. Press the drive cage release lever down, and then rotate the cage out of the
server until the drive-cage retention tab locks into place and the open ends of
the drive slots and installed drives are facing you. Ensure that the drive cage
locks into place over the drive-cage retention tab by rotating the drive cage all
the way out of the server.
7. Attach the blue guide rails to the side of the drive using the screws that are
provided.
8. Slide the drive into the drive cage until the plastic tabs on the drive guide rails
lock into place in the drive cage. Clear any cables that might impede the
replacement of the drive cage.
9. Connect one end of the SCSI signal cable into the back of the drive and make
sure that the other end of this cable is connected into the SCSI connector on
the system board. See “Power and signal cables for internal drives” on
page 54 for additional information about cabling drives and “System board
internal cable connectors” on page 34 for the location of SCSI connectors on
the system board. If there are open connectors on the cables connecting
existing SCSI drives, these cables can be used to connect the new drive.
10. Route the signal cable so that it does not block the air flow to the rear of the
drives or over the microprocessor and memory.
11. Connect the power cable to the back of the drive. The connectors are keyed
and can be inserted only one way.
Chapter 4. Installing options
51
12. Push the drive cage outward, and press in on the drive-cage release tab; then,
rotate the cage back into the server.
13. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
14. Replace the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
15. Replace the side cover (see “Installing the side cover” on page 67).
16. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
Installing a 5.25-inch removable-media drive
Your server comes with one integrated drive electronics (IDE) CD-ROM drive. The
CD-ROM drive bay supports a 5.25-inch, half-high, removable-media drive.
You can install an additional 5.25-inch, half-high, removable-media drive in bay 2.
A three-drop power cable comes with your server. Use this cable to connect power
to the removable-media drives.
Check the instructions that come with the drive to see if you need to set any
switches or jumpers on the drive. If you are installing a SCSI device, be sure to set
the SCSI ID for that device.
Verify that you have all the cables and other equipment specified in the
documentation that comes with the drive.
Complete the following steps to install a removable-media drive in bay 2 (see
“Internal drive bays” on page 46):
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
5. Remove the front bezel (see “Removing the front bezel” on page 40).
6. Remove the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
7. Use a screwdriver to pry the filler panel and EMC shield away from the server.
EMC shield
Filler panel
Note: If you are installing a drive that contains a laser, observe the following
safety precaution.
Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or
transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in
exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the
device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
Chapter 4. Installing options
53
Danger
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the
following. Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with
optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
8. Touch the static-protective package containing the drive to any unpainted metal
surface on the server; then, remove the drive from the package and place it on
a static-protective surface.
9. Set any jumpers or switches on the drive according to the documentation that
comes with the drive.
Note: You might find it easier to install the new drive into the appropriate
opening on the front, and then attach the cables.
10. If you are installing a 5.25-in. drive in bay 2, push the drive into the bay; then,
use the two screws to attach the drive to the drive cage. If you are installing a
3.5-in. drive in bay 2, you must attach the 5.25-in. conversion kit, supplied with
your option, to the 3.5-in. drive.
11. Determine whether the drive is an IDE or SCSI device; then, connect one end
of the appropriate signal cable into the back of the drive and the other end of
this cable into the appropriate IDE or SCSI connector on the system board.
v If you are installing a SCSI removable-media drive, use the one-drop SCSI
cable that comes with the drive and connect it to SCSI channel B (SCSI2).
See “Power and signal cables for internal drives” for additional information
about cabling drives and “System board internal cable connectors” on
page 34 for the location of IDE and SCSI connectors on the system board.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
v If there are open connectors on the cables connecting existing IDE or SCSI
drives, this cable can be used to connect the new drive. The 4-connector
SCSI cable that comes with non-hot-swap model servers cannot be used to
connect a SCSI drive in bay 2.
Route the signal cable so that it does not block the airflow to the rear of the
drives or over the microprocessor and memory.
Connect the power cable to the back of the drive. The connectors are keyed
and can be inserted only one way.
If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
Replace the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
Replace the front bezel (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 67).
Replace the side cover (see “Installing the side cover” on page 67).
Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
Power and signal cables for internal drives
Your server uses cables to connect IDE and SCSI devices to the power supply and
to the system board. (See “System board internal cable connectors” on page 34 for
the location of system-board connectors.) Review the following information before
connecting power and signal cables to internal drives:
v The drives that are preinstalled in your server come with power and signal cables
attached. If you replace any drives, remember which cable is attached to which
drive.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v When you install a drive, ensure that one of the drive connectors of the signal
cable is connected to the drive and that the connector at the other end of the
signal cable is connected to the system board.
v The server has two IDE buses, primary and secondary. Each of these buses
supports up to two IDE devices. The primary IDE bus uses connector IDE1 on
the system board and the secondary IDE bus uses connector IDE2.
v If you have only one IDE device on a cable, it must be set as a master device.
v If two IDE devices are used on a single cable, one must be designated as the
master device and the other as the subordinate device; otherwise, the server
might not recognize some of the IDE devices. The master and subordinate
designation is determined by switch or jumper settings on each IDE device.
The following cables are provided:
v Power cables: Four-wire power cables connect the drives to the power supply.
At the end of these cables are plastic connectors that can be attached to
different drives; these connectors vary in size.
v Signal cables: Signal cables are typically flat cables, also called ribbon cables,
that connect IDE, SCSI, and diskette drives to the system board. Two or three
types of signal cable come with your server:
– IDE: The wider IDE signal cable has three connectors. One of these
connectors is attached to the drive, one is a spare, and the third is attached to
the primary or secondary IDE connector on the system board. The spare
connector can be used to connect an additional IDE drive to your server.
The CD-ROM drive is attached to an ATA 100 signal cable. ATA 100 signal
cables are color-coded. The blue connector is attached to the system board.
The black connector is attached to the master IDE device. The gray middle
connector is attached to the subordinate IDE device.
– Diskette drive: The narrower signal cable has two connectors. One is
attached to the diskette drive, and the other is attached to the connector
(FDD1) on the system board.
– SCSI: A round SCSI cable connects SCSI devices to the integrated SCSI
controller with RAID capabilities on the system board. For hot-swap models,
the maximum cable length that supports Ultra320 SCSI hard disk drives is 16
inches. For more information about connecting SCSI devices, see the SCSI
documentation.
Installing memory modules
You can increase the amount of memory in your server by installing memory
modules. Your server uses industry-standard PC2100 double-data-rate (DDR) dual
inline memory modules (DIMMs).
Notes:
1. The system board contains four DIMM connectors and supports two-way
memory interleaving.
2. The DIMM options available for your server are 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB, 1
GB, and 2 GB. Your server supports a minimum of 256 MB and a maximum of 8
GB of system memory.
3. The amount of usable memory will be reduced depending on the system
configuration. A certain amount of memory must be reserved for system
resources. The BIOS will display the total amount of installed memory and the
amount of configured memory.
Chapter 4. Installing options
55
4. Your server comes with two 128 MB or 256 MB DIMMs (for a total of 512 MB or
1024 MB) installed in the DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors. When you
install additional DIMMs, be sure to install them as a pair in DIMM connectors 1
and 2.
5. DIMMs must be installed in matched pairs. The first pair of DIMMs you install in
DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors must be the same size, speed, type,
and technology. You can mix compatible DIMMs from various manufacturers. If
you install a second pair of DIMMs in DIMM 1 and DIMM 2 memory connectors,
they do not have to be the same size, speed, type, and technology as the
DIMMs you installed in DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors. However, the
size, speed, type, and technology of the DIMMs you install in DIMM 1 and
DIMM 2 memory connectors must match each other.
6. Install only 133 MHz (memory bus), 2.5 V, 184-pin, double-data-rate (DDR),
PC2100, registered synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM)
with error correcting code (ECC) DIMMs. These DIMMs must be compatible
with the latest PC2100 SDRAM Registered DIMM specification. For a list of
supported options for your server, go to http://www.ibm.com/us/compat/ on the
World Wide Web.
7. Your server supports Chipkill™ memory if the DIMMs are all type x4 and are 256
MB or larger. Using any 256 MB DIMMs or DIMMs that are not type x4 on your
server disables Chipkill memory.
Complete the following steps to install a DIMM:
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Turn off the server and disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all
external cables.
3. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
4. Remove the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
5. Locate the DIMM connectors on the system board. Determine the connectors
into which you will install the DIMMs. Install the DIMMs in the order shown in
the following table.
Table 7. DIMM installation sequence
Pair
DIMM connectors
Diagnostic reference
First
DIMM 3 and DIMM 4
Bank 2
Second
DIMM 1 and DIMM 2
Bank 1
6. Open the retaining clips and, if necessary, remove any existing DIMM.
7. Touch the static-protective package containing the DIMM to any unpainted
metal surface on the server. Then, remove the new DIMM from the package.
8. Gently open the retaining clip on each end of the DIMM slot. Turn the DIMM
so that the pins align correctly with the connector.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
9. Insert the DIMM into the connector. Firmly press the DIMM straight down into
the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the DIMM simultaneously.
The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the DIMM is firmly
seated in the connector. If there is a gap between the DIMM and the retaining
clips, the DIMM has not been correctly installed. Open the retaining clips,
remove the DIMM, then reinsert it.
DIMM 1
DIMM 2
DIMM 3
DIMM 4
10. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
11. Replace the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
12. Replace the side cover (see “Installing the side cover” on page 67).
13. Reconnect the external cables and power cords. Turn on the attached devices,
and turn on the server.
Installing a microprocessor
Your server comes with one microprocessor installed on the system board. Your
server supports up to two microprocessors. With two microprocessors, your server
can operate as a symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server. With SMP, certain
operating systems and application programs can distribute the processing load
among the microprocessors.
Chapter 4. Installing options
57
Before you begin:
v Thoroughly review the documentation that comes with the microprocessor to
determine the required BIOS update. The latest level of BIOS code for your
server is available through the World Wide Web. See the User’s Guide on the
IBM xSeries Documentation CD for the World Wide Web addresses.
v (Optional) Obtain an SMP-capable operating system. For a list of supported
operating systems and other options, go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on
the World Wide Web.
Attention: To ensure proper server operation when you install an additional
microprocessor, use microprocessors that have the same cache size and type, and
the same clock speed. Microprocessor internal and external clock frequencies must
be identical. You can use the Configuration/Setup Utility program in your server to
determine the specific type of microprocessor on your system board.
Important: A microprocessor must always be installed in socket CPU1 of the
system board.
Notes:
1. To order additional microprocessor options, contact your IBM marketing
representative or authorized reseller.
2. Terminator cards are not required for empty microprocessor sockets. However,
for airflow, an empty microprocessor socket must contain a microprocessor
baffle.
3. The microprocessor speeds are automatically set for this server; therefore, you
do not need to set any microprocessor frequency-selection jumpers or switches.
4. If you need to replace a microprocessor, call for service.
5. For additional illustrations of the system-board components, see “System board”
on page 34.
Configuring the operating system
Some operating systems need to be configured to support an additional
microprocessor. See your operating-system documentation for information.
If Windows 2000 is installed in the server, complete the following steps to configure
the operating system. Check the Microsoft web page at http://www.microsoft.com for
updates to these instructions. In the Microsoft Web page, type multiprocessor
support in the Search field and press Enter.
1. Back up the hard disk.
2. From the desktop, click Start → Settings → Control Panel.
3. In the Control Panel window, double-click the System icon.
4. In the System Properties window, click the Hardware tab; then, click Device
Manager.
5. In the Device Manager window, click on the plus sign (+) beside Computer to
expand the list; then, double-click ACPI Uniprocessor PC.
6. In the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) PC Properties
window, click the Driver tab; then, click Update Driver.
7. In the Update Device Driver Wizard window, click Next.
8. In the next window, click Display a list of known drivers for this device so
that I can choose a specific driver; then, click Next.
9. In the next window, click Show all hardware of this device class. From the
Models list, select ACPI Multiprocessor PC; then, click Next.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
10. If the configuration shown in the wizard is satisfactory, click Next to save the
configuration.
11. Click Finish to complete the process.
12. Click Yes to restart the server.
13. Continue with step 1 of “Installing the microprocessor”.
Installing the microprocessor
Complete the following steps to install an additional microprocessor:
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
5. Remove the frame-support bracket (“Removing the frame-support bracket” on
page 40).
6. Remove the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide out of the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, remove it from the chassis.
7. Remove the air baffle by unhooking it from its retaining tabs and lifting it off the
chassis.
8. Locate the second microprocessor socket.
9. Remove the microprocessor baffle from the second microprocessor socket.
10. If the second microprocessor socket is covered with protective film, peel and
remove the film.
Chapter 4. Installing options
59
11. Install the microprocessor:
a. Touch the static-protective package containing the new microprocessor to
any unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the
microprocessor from the package.
b. Pull out and lift up on the microprocessor-release lever to unlock the
microprocessor socket.
Attention:
1) Do not use excessive force when pressing the microprocessor into the
socket.
2) Make sure that the microprocessor is oriented and aligned correctly
with pin number 1 in the socket before you try to close the
microprocessor-release lever. The following illustration shows the
alignment marks for both microprocessors and sockets.
Microprocessor 2
Microprocessor 1
Alignment marks
Alignment marks
Microprocessor
socket 2
Microprocessor
socket 1
c. Center the microprocessor over the microprocessor socket. Align the
triangle on the corner of the microprocessor with the triangle on the corner
of the socket and carefully press the microprocessor into the socket.
d. Carefully close the microprocessor-release lever to secure the
microprocessor in the socket.
Microprocessor
baffle
Microprocessor
release lever
DIMMs
Microprocessor 2
Heatsink 2
Captive screws
12. Install the heat sink on the microprocessor:
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Attention: Do not set the heat sink down after you remove the plastic cover
and do not touch the thermal grease on the bottom of the heat sink. Touching
the thermal grease will contaminate it. If the thermal grease on the
microprocessor or heat sink becomes contaminated, contact your service
technician.
Thermal grease
Heat sink
a. Remove the plastic cover from the bottom of the heat sink.
b. Align and place the heat sink on top of the microprocessor, grease side
down, in the retention bracket. Press firmly on the heat sink.
Attention: Alternate the tightening of the two captive screws to prevent
damage to the microprocessor. Ensure that the screws are completely
tightened (until they stop); otherwise, damage to the microprocessor will
occur.
c. Secure the heat sink to the microprocessor by tightening the captive
screws. Alternate between the two captive screws in the heat sink while
tightening them.
13. Install the air baffle.
14. Install the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
15.
16.
17.
18.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide into the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, push it into place, using care not to damage
any cables.
c. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the closed (locked)
position.
If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
Replace the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
Replace the side cover (see “Installing the side cover” on page 67).
Reconnect the external cables and power cords. Turn on the attached devices,
and turn on the server.
Installing a security rope clip
To help prevent theft, you can add a security rope clip and cable to your server.
Complete the following steps to install a rope clip:
1. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
2. Use a screwdriver to remove the two metal knockouts.
3. Insert the rope clip through the rear panel; then, attach and tighten the nuts.
Chapter 4. Installing options
61
4. Thread a cable through the rope clip and around an object that is not part of or
permanently secured to the building structure or foundation and from which the
cable cannot be removed. Fasten the cable ends together with a lock. After you
add the security cable, be certain it does not interfere with other cables
connected to the server.
Rope clip
5. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, go to
“Completing the installation” on page 67.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Replacing a hot-swap power supply
Some models of your server come with two hot-swap power supplies. You do not
need to turn off the server to replace a hot-swap power supply, but you must
replace only one power supply at a time.
If you install or remove a power supply, observe the following precautions.
Statement 8
CAUTION:
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label
attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that
has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you
suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact a service technician.
Statement 12
CAUTION:
The following label indicates a hot surface nearby.
Chapter 4. Installing options
63
Complete the following steps to replace a hot-swap power supply:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page 125 and “Installation
guidelines” on page 36.
2. Press the orange release lever on the selected power supply; then, pull the
power supply out of the bay and set it aside.
3. Make sure the power-supply handle is in the open position; then, slide the
power supply all the way into the chassis before placing the power-supply
handle into the locked position.
4. If the server is not on, turn on the server.
5. Verify that the dc power LED and the ac power LED on the power supply are lit,
indicating that the power supply is operating properly.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Replacing the battery
IBM has designed this product with your safety in mind. The lithium battery must be
handled correctly to avoid possible danger. If you replace the battery, you must
adhere to the following instructions.
Note: In the U. S., call 1-800-IBM-4333 for information about battery disposal.
If you replace the original lithium battery with a heavy-metal battery or a battery with
heavy-metal components, be aware of the following environmental consideration.
Batteries and accumulators that contain heavy metals must not be disposed of with
normal domestic waste. They will be taken back free of charge by the manufacturer,
distributor, or representative, to be recycled or disposed of in a proper manner.
To order replacement batteries, call 1-800-772-2227 within the United States, and
1-800-465-7999 or 1-800-465-6666 within Canada. Outside the U.S. and Canada,
call your IBM reseller or IBM marketing representative.
Note: After you replace the battery, you must reconfigure your server and reset the
system date and time.
Statement 2
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a
module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made
by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not
properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water.
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
Complete the following steps to replace the battery:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page 125 and “Installation
guidelines” on page 36.
2. Follow any special handling and installation instructions supplied with the
replacement battery.
3. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
4. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
5. Remove the side cover and frame-support bracket. (see “Removing the side
cover” on page 39).
Chapter 4. Installing options
65
6. Remove the adapter airflow guide.
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide out of the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, remove it from the chassis.
7. Remove any adapters that impede access to the battery.
8. Remove the battery:
a. Use a fingernail to press the top of the battery clip away from the battery.
The battery pops up when released.
b. Use your thumb and index finger to lift the battery from the socket.
9. Insert the new battery:
a. Tilt the battery so that you can insert it into the socket on the side opposite
the battery clip.
b. Press the battery down into the socket until it clicks into place. Make sure
the battery clip holds the battery securely.
10. Replace any adapters that were removed.
11. Install the adapter airflow guide.
12.
13.
14.
15.
66
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide into the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, push it into place, using care not to damage
any cables.
c. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the closed (locked)
position.
Replace the frame-support bracket and side cover. (See “Removing the
frame-support bracket” on page 40 and “Installing the side cover” on page 67.)
Connect all external cables; then, connect the power cords.
Turn on the server.
Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program and set configuration parameters
as needed. See the User’s Guide on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Completing the installation
To complete installation of an option, you must reinstall front bezel, reinstall the side
cover, reconnect all the cables that you disconnected earlier and, for certain
options, run the Configuration/Setup Utility program. Follow the instructions in this
section.
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the side cover before or shortly
after turning on the server. Operating the server for extended periods of time (over
30 minutes) with the server cover removed might damage server components.
Note: If you have just plugged the power cords of your server into electrical outlets,
you will have to wait approximately 20 seconds before pressing the
power-control button.
Replacing the bezel
Complete the following steps to replace the front bezel:
1. Insert the two tabs on the bottom of the front bezel into the matching holes on
the server chassis.
2. Push the top of the front bezel toward the server until the two tabs at the top of
the front bezel snap into place.
3. For hot-swap hard disk drive models, make sure the side cover is unlocked;
then, insert the hot-swap lock bar into the slots on the bezel and rotate it to the
locked position. The hot-swap lock bar locks when you lock the side cover key
lock.
Installing the side cover
If you removed the frame-support bracket or front bezel, reinstall them before you
replace the side cover. See “Removing the frame-support bracket” on page 40 and
“Replacing the bezel”.
Chapter 4. Installing options
67
Note: The rear adapter-retaining bracket rests against the server side cover. You
might find it easier to lay the server on its side to replace the side cover.
Complete the following steps to replace the side cover:
1. Before installing the cover, check that all cables, adapters, and other
components are installed and seated correctly and that you have not left loose
tools or parts inside the server.
2. Place the bottom lip of the side cover over the bottom edge of the server
chassis.
3. Rotate the side cover to a vertical position, inserting the tabs at the top of the
side cover into the matching slots in the server chassis.
4. Press down on the cover-release latch as you slide the side cover forward until
it locks in place. Press down on the cover-release-latch button as you close the
cover-release latch to lock the side cover.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
5. For hot-swap hard disk drive models, open the server door and hold the
hot-swap lock bar in the closed position, lock the side cover key lock, and close
the server door.
6. If your server has stabilizing feet that rotate, make sure that the four stabilizing
feet are rotated outward so that they properly support the server. Rotate each
foot outward 90 degrees (see “Moving the stabilizing feet” on page 38).
7. Reconnect the external cables and power cords to the server; then, connect the
power cords to electrical outlets.
8. Turn on the attached devices; then, turn on the server.
Updating your server configuration
When you start your server for the first time after you add or remove an internal
option or an external SCSI device, you might see a message telling you that the
configuration has changed. The Configuration/Setup Utility program automatically
starts so that you can save the new configuration information. See “Using the
Configuration/Setup Utility program” on page 7 for more information about the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
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Some options have device drivers that you need to install. See the documentation
that comes with your option for information about installing any required device
drivers.
Your server comes with one or two microprocessors installed on the system board.
If your server comes with two microprocessors, or if your server comes with one
microprocessor and you have installed an additional microprocessor, your server
can now operate as an SMP server. Therefore, you might need to upgrade your
operating system to support SMP. See the ServerGuide information in the User’s
Guide on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD and to your operating-system
documentation for additional information.
If your server has a RAID configuration using the integrated SCSI controller with
RAID capabilities or has a ServeRAID controller installed and you have installed or
removed a hard disk drive, see the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM
ServeRAID Support CD for information about configuring your disk arrays.
Connecting external options
If you install an optional SCSI adapter, or use channel B on the integrated SCSI
controller for external devices, you can attach external SCSI devices, such as a
SCSI storage expansion enclosure, to your server. To use channel B for external
SCSI devices, remove the SCSI knockout from the rear of the server and secure
the free end of the channel B cable in the new opening.
You can attach additional external options to the input/output (I/O) connectors on
the front and rear of your server. (See “Input/output ports” for more information.)
Complete the following steps to attach an external device:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page 125, “Installation guidelines”
on page 36, and the documentation that comes with your options.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Follow the instructions that come with the option to prepare it for installation and
to connect it to the server.
Note: If you are attaching an external SCSI device, see “Ultra320 SCSI connector”
on page 72 for information about SCSI cabling and SCSI IDs.
Installing the server in a rack
An optional Tower-to-Rack Kit is needed to convert your server from a tower model
to a rack model. You can then install the server in a rack cabinet. To order a
Tower-to-Rack Kit for your server, contact your IBM marketing representative or
authorized reseller.
Input/output ports
Connect optional external devices to the connectors on the front and rear of the
server.
Your server has the following input/output (I/O) connectors:
v Three audio (line in, line-out, and microphone)
v One Ethernet (RJ-45)
v One keyboard
v One mouse
Chapter 4. Installing options
69
v
v
v
v
One parallel
Two serial
Four universal serial bus (USB) v 2.0
One video
The following illustration shows the locations of these connectors.
Power cord
connector
Mouse
Keyboard
USB 2
USB 1
2
Serial 2
1
Parallel
2
1
Serial 1
Ethernet
Line out (green)
Line in (blue)
Mic (pink)
Video
SCSI knockout
The following sections describe these connectors.
If you have an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter (system-management adapter)
installed in PCI slot 1, your server also has an additional Ethernet connector, an
additional serial connector, and an Advanced System Management (ASM)
Interconnect connector. See the documentation that comes with the Remote
Supervisor Adapter for more information about the ASM Interconnect network.
Audio connectors
The audio connectors are used to connect external audio equipment to the server.
Line out (green)
Line in (blue)
Mic (pink)
Line out (green)
The server sends audio signals through this connector to powered speakers with
built-in amplifiers, headphones, a multimedia keyboard, or the audio line-in
connector on a stereo system. The internal speaker in your server is disabled when
any device is attached to the line-out connector.
Line in (blue)
The server receives audio signals through this connector from an external audio
device.
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Microphone (pink)
Connect a microphone to this connector to record sounds onto the hard disk or to
use speech recognition software.
Auxiliary-device (pointing-device) connector
Use this connector to connect a mouse or other pointing device. The following
illustration shows an auxiliary-device connector.
6
5
4
3
2
1
Ethernet (RJ-45) connector
The following illustration shows an Ethernet connector.
Link LED
(green)
Activity LED
(green)
8
1
Connect a Category 3, 4, or 5 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable to this connector.
The 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T Fast Ethernet standards require Category 5 or
higher cabling.
For more information about the Ethernet controller, see the User’s Guide on the
IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
Keyboard connector
Use this connector to connect a PS/2 (non-USB) keyboard. The following illustration
shows a keyboard connector.
6
5
4
3
2
1
If you attach a keyboard to this connector, USB ports and devices are disabled
during the power-on self-test (POST).
Parallel connector
Use this connector to connect a parallel device. The following illustration shows a
parallel connector.
13
25
1
14
The parallel connector supports three standard Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers (IEEE) 1284 modes of operation: standard parallel port (SPP), enhanced
parallel port (EPP), and extended capability port (ECP). If you configure the parallel
port to operate in bidirectional mode, it supports the ECP and EPP modes of
operation. To configure the parallel port, use the Devices and I/O Ports option in
the Configuration/Setup Utility program. See the User’s Guide for more information.
Chapter 4. Installing options
71
If you configure the parallel port to operate in bidirectional mode, use an IEEE
1284-compliant cable that does not exceed 3 meters (9.8 ft).
Serial connectors
Use the serial connectors to connect serial devices. The following illustration shows
a serial connector.
5
1
6
9
Ultra320 SCSI connector
You can install up to four internal SCSI devices using the SCSI cable that comes
with some models of the server. Other server models might come with one SCSI
cable that is connected from the internal SCSI channel A connector to the standard
hot-swap-drive backplane. You can attach additional internal SCSI devices to the
other internal SCSI channel B connector, or you can use channel B for external
SCSI devices. To use channel B for external SCSI devices, remove the SCSI
knockout from the rear of the server and secure the free end of an optional channel
B cable in the new opening.
If you want to attach external SCSI devices to the server without using the internal
SCSI channel B, you must install an optional SCSI adapter.
Notes:
1. External SCSI devices connected to internal SCSI channel B will operate
asynchronously.
2. If you install a PCI RAID adapter to configure and manage the internal hot-swap
drives, you must move the SCSI cable from the system-board SCSI connector
to an internal channel connector on the RAID adapter (except for the
ServeRAID-5i controller, which uses the system-board integrated SCSI controller
with RAID capabilities). See “Cabling an optional SCSI adapter” on page 44 for
additional information.
An optional external SCSI connector might be installed on the rear of the server.
Use this connector to connect external SCSI devices. The following illustration
shows the SCSI standard 68-pin, female D-shell SCSI connector.
34
1
68
35
Your server has an integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities. This
dual-channel controller supports two independent, Ultra320 SCSI channels. The
SCSI connectors for both channels are on the system board. Each channel
supports up to 15 SCSI devices. This controller uses:
v Double-transition clocking to achieve up to 320 MB-per-second data-transfer
rates
v Domain name validation to negotiate compatible data-transfer speeds with each
device
v Cyclic-redundancy checking (CRC), instead of the usual parity checking, to
improve data reliability
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v An active terminator for SCSI bus termination
Each SCSI device that is connected to a SCSI controller must have a unique SCSI
ID. This ID enables the SCSI controller to identify the device and ensure that
different devices on the same SCSI channel do not attempt to transfer data
simultaneously. SCSI devices that are connected to different SCSI channels can
have duplicate SCSI IDs.
The hot-swap-drive backplane controls the SCSI IDs for the internal hot-swap drive
bays. However, when you attach an external SCSI device to an optional SCSI
adapter, you must set a unique ID for the device. See the information that comes
with the device for instructions to set its SCSI ID.
SCSI cabling requirements
You can install four internal SCSI devices using the SCSI signal cable that comes
with some server models. If you plan to attach external SCSI devices, you must
order an additional SCSI cable, remove the SCSI knockout from the rear of the
server, and connect the new cable from the system board to this opening. To select
and order the correct cables for use with external devices, contact your IBM reseller
or IBM marketing representative. When using an optional SCSI adapter, you must
also connect the SCSI adapter to the SCSI LED (J18) connector on the system
board receive an indication of SCSI hard-disk drive activity. See “System board
internal cable connectors” on page 34 for the location of the SCSI connectors. For
information about the maximum length of SCSI cable, see the American National
Standards Institute (ANSI) SCSI standards on the ANSI Web site at
http://www.ansi.org/ on the World Wide Web. Adhering to these standards will help
to ensure that your server operates properly.
Universal Serial Bus connectors
Use a USB connectors to connect a USB device. USB technology transfers data at
up to 12 megabits per second (Mbps) with a maximum of 127 external devices and
a maximum signal distance of 5 meters (16 ft) per segment. Using Plug and Play
technology, USB devices are configured automatically. The following illustration
shows a USB connector.
1
4
Use a 4-pin USB cable to connect external devices to USB connectors. If you need
to connect more USB devices than the server has USB connectors for, use a USB
hub to connect additional devices.
If you connect a PS/2 (non-USB) keyboard to the keyboard connector, USB ports
and devices are disabled during power-on self-test (POST).
If you connect a USB keyboard that has a mouse port, the keyboard emulates a
mouse, and you cannot disable the mouse settings in the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
Chapter 4. Installing options
73
Video connector
The super video graphics array (SVGA) video adapter is installed in mini-PCI slot 6
on the system board. There is one video connector on the rear of the server. Use
the video connector to connect a monitor or other display. The following illustration
shows an industry standard 15-pin analog video connector on the rear of the server.
74
5
1
15
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
The following information describes procedures for removing and installing certain
components inside the system. Only a qualified service technician is authorized to
replace the components described in this section.
Important: The field replaceable unit (FRU) procedures are intended for trained
servicers who are familiar with IBM xSeries products. See the parts
listing in “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine if the
component being replaced is a customer replaceable unit (CRU) or a
FRU.
Note: Before servicing this system, read “Installation guidelines” on page 36 and
“Safety information” on page 125.
Power button
Before you begin:
v Read the “Installation guidelines” on page 36.
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the power button, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
5. If your server has hot-swap hard disk drives installed, remove them. See
“Hot-swap hard disk drive cage” on page 78.
6. Disconnect the SCSI signal cable from the backplane.
Note: Be sure to remove the hot-swap drive bay filler panels so that they are
not damaged.
7. Push downward on the cage-release latch, and rotate the drive cage outward
until it locks in the vertical position, so that you can reach through to the other
side of the power-switch and LED panel cable.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
75
8. To remove the power-switch and LED panel, press in on the tab on the left
side of the panel; then, squeeze the top and bottom of the right-side of the
panel and carefully pull the panel away from the system.
9. Note where the power-switch and LED panel cables connect to the system
board; then, carefully disconnect the cables from the system board.
Notes:
a. You might need to remove the diskette, SCSI, and IDE cables to access
the power switch and LED panel cable connector.
b. Some cables might have two connectors for you to disconnect.
c. See the system service label for system board connector locations.
10. Place a screwdriver against the bottom release latch of the power button and
gently press upward and slide the latch through the aperture.
11. Gently pinch together the upper release latches and slide the latches through
the aperture and remove the power button.
To replace the power button, complete the following steps:
1. Thread the power button and LED panel cables through the aperture in the
chassis and bottom release latch.
2. Connect the power button and LED panel cables to the power button and LED
panel connectors on the system board.
3. Press in on the tab on the left side of the panel; then, squeeze the top and
bottom of the right side of the panel and carefully push the panel into place in
the aperture in the chassis.
4. Press in on the drive-cage release tab, and rotate the drive cage back into the
server.
5. Connect the SCSI signal cable to the SCSI backplane.
6. Replace the hot-swap hard disk drives. See “Installing a hot-swap hard disk
drive” on page 48.
7. Replace the front bezel. See “Replacing the bezel” on page 67.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
8. Install the side cover. See “Installing the side cover” on page 67.
9. Connect external cables and the power cable, and turn on the server.
Microprocessor and heat sink
Before you begin:
v Read “Installation guidelines” on page 36.
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the microprocessor and heat sink, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server and remove external cables.
2. Remove the side cover and frame-support bracket (see “Removing the side
cover” on page 39 and “Removing the frame-support bracket” on page 40).
3. Disconnect any cables that impede access to the microprocessor.
4. Remove the heat sink from the microprocessor:
a. Loosen the two captive screws on either side (in leaf spring enclosures) of
the fansink.
b. With the two captive screws loosened, pivot the leaf spring assemblies
outward and out of the notches on the fan sink assembly.
c. Lift the heat sink up and out of the server.
Note: It might be necessary to gently twist the heat sink to loosen it from
the microprocessor.
Important: Be careful when handling the adhesive material on the
microprocessor. If the adhesive material on the microprocessor
will be reused, do not contaminate it. If replacement adhesive
material is provided with the replacement part, be sure to
remove all traces of existing adhesive material from the
microprocessor before applying the new adhesive material.
5. Rotate the microprocessor socket lever arm upward to its maximum vertical
position, and lift the microprocessor up and out of the server.
6. To install a microprocessor, see “Installing a microprocessor” on page 57.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
77
Thermal grease
This section contains information about removing and replacing the thermal grease
between the heat sink and the microprocessor. The thermal grease must be
replaced any time the heat sink has been removed from the top of the
microprocessor and is going to be reused, or when debris is found in the grease.
Note:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
Complete the following steps to replace damaged or contaminated thermal grease
on the microprocessor and heat sink:
1. Place the heat sink on a clean work surface.
2. Remove the cleaning pad from its package and unfold it completely.
3. Use the cleaning pad to wipe the thermal grease from the bottom of the heat
sink.
Note: Be sure that all of the thermal grease is removed.
4. Use a clean area of the cleaning pad to wipe the thermal grease from the
microprocessor; then, dispose of the cleaning pad after all of the thermal grease
is removed.
Microprocessor
0.01 ML of
thermal grease
5. Use the thermal grease syringe to place 16 uniformly spaced dots of 0.01ML
each on the top of the microprocessor.
6. Install the heat sink onto the microprocessor as described in “Microprocessor
and heat sink” on page 77.
Hot-swap hard disk drive cage
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
remove the hot-swap hard disk drive cage, complete the following steps:
Turn off the server, if it is on.
Unplug the server, and disconnect all external cables.
Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
5. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
6. Remove any hard disk drives or drive fillers from the drives.
7. Disconnect the hard disk drive cables that connect to the system board.
8. Remove the screw from the front of the hard disk drive cage.
9. Move the cage slightly in and up until it is free of the chassis and lift it out of the
server.
To replace the hard disk drive cage, reverse the steps.
Hot-swap backplane
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the hot-swap backplane, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
4. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
5. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
6. Remove any hard disk drives or drive fillers from the drives.
7. Disconnect the hard disk drive cables that connect to the system board and the
backplane.
8. Press down on the drive cage release latch and swing the drive cage out.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
79
9. Remove the screws securing the hot-swap backplane to the drive cage.
To replace the hot-swap backplane, reverse the steps.
Non-hot swap power supply
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the non-hot-swap power supply, do the following:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
5. Disconnect internal cables from the system board and drives.
6. Remove the screws from the rear of the server.
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7. Gently move the power supply away from the chassis and lift it out of the
server.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
81
To replace the non-hot-swap power supply, complete the following steps:
1. Align the tabs on the top of the power supply with the tab slots on the underside
of the top rear of the chassis, and slide the power supply toward the rear of the
chassis.
2. Secure the power supply to the rear of the chassis with the four screws.
Front fan
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the front fan, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
5. Remove the fan cable from the system board.
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6. Remove the adapter-support bracket and fan housing.
7. Use side cutters to cut the four rubber extensions on the adapter-support
bracket.
Rubber
extensions
8. Gently pry the fan away from the adapter-support bracket and lift it up and out.
To
1.
2.
3.
install the new front fan assembly, complete the following steps:
Place the fan in position on the adapter-support bracket.
Guide the rubber extensions through the apertures.
Use needle-nosed pliers to pull the extensions through the apertures.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
83
4. Reconnect cables.
5. Replace the frame-support bracket.
6. Replace the side cover.
Rear fans
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
remove a rear fan, complete the following steps:
Turn off the server, if it is on.
Unplug the server.
Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
5. Remove the airflow guide and air baffle.
6. Remove the fan cable from the system board.
7. Use side cutters to sever the four rubber extensions on the outside of the
server.
8. Gently pry the fan away from the server and lift it up and out.
Rubber
extensions
To
1.
2.
3.
4.
84
install the new rear fan assembly, complete the following steps:
Place the fan in position at the rear of the server.
Guide the rubber extensions through the apertures.
Use needle-nosed pliers to pull the extensions through the apertures.
Reconnect cables.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Mini-PCI video adapter
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the mini-PCI card, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
5. Remove both adapter-retaining brackets and the adapter in PCI adapter slot 1
(see “Installing an adapter” on page 42).
6. Disconnect the cables.
7. Remove the air flow guide and the air baffle from over the microprocessor.
8. Find the video adapter in the mini-PCI type III slot on the system board, and
remove the video cable from the connector on the adapter.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
85
9. Using a pair of pliers, squeeze the stand-off pins and pull the mini-PCI card up
and out of the slot.
Note: The AGP Pro slot and PCI slot 1 must be empty for you to install a video
adapter in the mini-PCI Type III slot. Install the video adapter before
installing an optional PCI adapter.
Complete the following steps to replace the video adapter in the mini-PCI type III
slot of your server:
1. Review “Safety information” on page 125 and “Installation guidelines” on
page 36.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 39).
5. Temporarily remove any adapters installed in PCI slot 1 (see “Installing an
adapter” on page 42). Temporarily store these adapters in a static-protective
location.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
6. Locate the mini-PCI slot on the system board. Check the instructions that
come with the adapter for any requirements, restrictions, or cabling
instructions. It might be easier to route any cables before you install the
adapter.
7. Remove the adapter from the static-protective package. Move the adapter
directly from the static-protective package to the adapter slot. Avoid touching
the components and gold-edge connectors on the adapter.
8. Install the adapter.
a. Turn the adapter so that the adapter keys align correctly with the mini-PCI
type III connector (PCI2) on the system board.
Attention: To avoid breaking the retaining clips or damaging the
connectors, handle the clips gently.
b. Insert the adapter into the connector at a slight angle and then press it
toward the system board until the retaining clips snap into the closed
positions. Also, make sure that the two stand-offs on the system board
come through their holes in the video adapter and lock it in place.
Note: If there is a gap between the adapter and the retaining clips, the
adapter has not been properly installed. In this case, open the
retaining clips and remove the adapter; then, reinsert the adapter.
You might need to disengage the locking clips on the two stand-offs
to remove the adapter.
Attention: Be certain that the adapter is correctly seated in the expansion
slot before you turn on the server. Incomplete installation of an adapter might
damage the system board or the adapter.
9. Connect required cables to the adapter. Route cables so that they do not block
the flow of air from the fans.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
87
10. Replace any adapters that were removed in step 5 (see “Installing an adapter”
on page 42).
11. If you have other options to install, do so now.
12. Replace the air baffle and air flow guide.
13. Replace the frame-support bracket (see “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40).
14. Replace the side cover (see “Installing the side cover” on page 67).
15. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
Removing the system board
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
Notes:
1. When replacing the system board, you must either update the system with the
latest firmware or restore the pre-existing firmware that the customer provides
on a diskette or CD image.
2. It is recommended that the server be placed on its left side before performing
this service procedure. Rotate the feet in toward the server so they do not
detach due to the weight of the server.
To remove the system board, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
5. Remove the frame-support bracket. See “Removing the frame-support bracket”
on page 40.
6. Disconnect the cables.
7. Remove both adapter-retaining brackets and the adapters (see “Installing an
adapter” on page 42).
8. Remove the air flow guide and the air baffles from over the microprocessor.
9. Remove memory modules. See “Installing memory modules” on page 55.
10. Remove the mini-PCI video adapter. See “Mini-PCI video adapter” on page 85.
11. Remove the microprocessor. See “Microprocessor and heat sink” on page 77.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
12. Remove the front fan housing.
13. Remove mounting screws securing the system board to the chassis and lift the
front of the system board to clear the locating pin; then, slide the board
forward to clear the EMC shield.
14. Lift the system board out of the server chassis.
To replace the system board, reverse the steps.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
89
CD-ROM drive
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the CD-ROM drive, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Disconnect the CD-ROM connector and power cables.
5. Remove the two screws from the CD-ROM drive cage.
6. Gently slide the CD-ROM drive toward the front of the server and lift it out.
For instructions to replace the CD-ROM drive, see “Installing a 5.25-inch
removable-media drive” on page 52.
Diskette drive
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the diskette drive, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Disconnect the cables.
5. Remove the two screws from the diskette drive cage.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
6. Gently slide the diskette drive toward the front of the server and lift it out.
To replace the diskette drive, reverse the steps.
Top/side cover
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the top/side cover, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Remove
Remove
Remove
Remove
place.
the
the
the
the
side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
handle assembly. See “Handle assembly” on page 94.
four screws from the back of the server and put them in a safe
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
91
7. Using a screwdriver, gently pry the cover away from the server in the rear and
slide the unit away from the server.
To replace the top/side cover, reverse the steps.
Bezel-release latch
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the bezel-release latch, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3.
4.
5.
6.
92
Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
Remove the front bezel. See “Removing the front bezel” on page 40.
Remove the CD-ROM drive. See “CD-ROM drive” on page 90.
Pull down from inside the server to release the latch tab.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
7. From the underside, grasp the bezel-release latch in the center, and gently pull
it back and away from the server.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
93
To replace the bezel-release latch, complete the following steps:
1. Align the bezel-release latch with the slots on the underside of the top of the
chassis, and slide it into place.
2. Replace the CD-ROM drive. See “Installing a 5.25-inch removable-media drive”
on page 52 for instructions.
3. Replace the front bezel. See “Replacing the bezel” on page 67.
4. Replace the side cover. See “Installing the side cover” on page 67.
5. Connect all external cables; then, connect the power cord, and plug in the
server.
6. Turn on the server.
Handle assembly
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the handle cap, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
3. Use a flathead screwdriver to gently press in and down on the tabs located on
the interior side wall of the handle.
Tab locations
4. Lift up on the handle cap to separate it from the handle support.
5. Turn the system back to the tower-orientation; then, remove the top handle.
a. Carefully use a flat-blade screwdriver to push in the tabs inside the plastic
cover on the top of the system; then, remove the plastic cover. Store the
cover for possible future use.
b. Grasp the metal handle and slide it toward the rear of the server to remove
it from your server. Store the metal handle for possible future use.
To remove the handle support, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Firmly grasp the handle support, and slide it away from the front bezel.
4. Lift up on the handle support to remove it from the slots in the top of the
chassis.
To install the handle assembly, reverse the steps.
Rear-adapter retainer
Before you begin:
v Read “Safety information” on page 125.
v Review the information in “System reliability considerations” on page 36.
To remove the rear-adapter retainer, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server, if it is on.
2. Unplug the server, and disconnect the power cord; then, disconnect all external
cables.
3. Remove the side cover. See “Removing the side cover” on page 39.
4. Rotate the rear-adapter retainer to the open position.
Chapter 5. Field replaceable units
95
5. Grasp the rear-adapter retainer, and gently slide the top and bottom tabs out of
the notches.
To replace the rear adapter retainer, reverse the steps.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
This index supports xSeries 225 servers.
Notes:
1. Check the configuration before you replace a CRU or FRU. Configuration
problems can cause false errors and symptoms.
2. For IBM devices not supported by this index, see the manual for that device.
3. Always start with “General checkout” on page 19.
The symptom-to-FRU index lists symptoms, errors, and the possible causes. The
most likely cause is listed first. Use this symptom-to-FRU index to help you decide
which FRUs to have available when servicing the server.
The first column of the two-column tables in this index lists error codes or
messages, and the second column lists one or more suggested actions or FRUs to
replace. Take the action (or replace the FRU) suggested first in the list of the
second column, then try the server again to see if the problem has been corrected.
Note: Try reseating a suspected component or reconnecting a cable before
replacing the component.
The POST BIOS code displays POST error codes and messages on the screen.
Beep symptoms
Beep symptoms are short tones or a series of short tones separated by pauses
(intervals without sound). See the examples in the following table.
Beeps
Description
1-2-3
v One beep
v A pause (or break)
v Two beeps
v A pause (or break)
v Three beeps
4
Four continuous beeps
One beep after successfully completing POST indicates the system is functioning
properly.
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Beep/symptom
FRU/action
1-1-2 (Microprocessor register test
failed.)
Microprocessor
1-1-3 (CMOS write/read test failed.)
1. Battery
2. System board
1-1-4 (BIOS EEPROM checksum
failed.)
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
1. Recover BIOS
2. System board
97
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Beep/symptom
FRU/action
1-2-1 (Programmable Interval Timer
failed.)
System board
1-2-2 (DMA page register test failed.) System board
1-2-3 (DMA page register write/read
failed.)
System board
1-3-1 (First 64K RAM test failed.)
1. DIMM
2. Memory adapter
2-1-1 (Secondary DMA register
failed.)
System board
2-1-2 (Primary DMA register failed.)
System board
2-1-3 (Primary interrupt mask
register failed.)
System board
2-1-4 (Secondary interrupt mask
register failed)
System board
2-2-2 (Keyboard controller failed.)
1. Keyboard
2. System board
2-2-3(CMOS power failure and
checksum check failed.)
1. Battery
2-4-1 (Video failed; screen believed
operable.)
System board
3-1-1 (Timer tick interrupt failed.)
System board
3-1-2 (Interval timer channel 2
failed.)
System board
3-1-3 (RAM test failed above
address OFFFFH.)
1. DIMM.
3-1-4 (Time-Of-Day clock failed.)
1. Battery
2. System board
2. System board
2. System board
3-2-1 (Serial port failed.)
System board
3-2-2 (Parallel port failed.)
System board
3-2-3 (Math coprocessor test failed.)
1. Optional microprocessor
2. Microprocessor
3. System board
3-2-4 (Failure comparing CMOS
memory size against actual.)
1. DIMM
2. Battery
3. System board
3-3-1 (Memory size mismatch
occurred.)
1. DIMM
2. Battery
3. System board
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Beep/symptom
FRU/action
3-3-2 (Critical SMBus error occurred, 1. Disconnect the server power cord from outlet, wait 30 seconds, and retry.
I2C error)
2. Microprocessor
3. DIMMs
4. DASD backplane
5. DASD power cable
6. System board
No-beep symptoms
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
No-beep symptom
FRU/action
No beep occurs during POST.
System board.
No beep, no video, and the
system attention LED is off.
System board.
No beep, no video, and a
system board error LED is on.
v See “System-board error LEDs” on page 26.
BIST failed.
Microprocessor
Diagnostic error codes
Note: In the following error codes, if XXX is 000, 195, or 197 do not replace a
FRU. The description for these error codes are:
000
The test passed.
195
The Esc key was pressed to abort the test.
197
This is a warning error and may not indicate a hardware failure.
For all error codes, replace/follow the FRU/Action indicated.
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
001-XXX-000 (Failed core tests)
System board
001-XXX-001 (Failed core tests)
System board
001-250-000 (Failed System Board ECC)
System board
001-250-001 (Failed Processor Board ECC) System board
005-XXX-000 (Failed Video test)
1. Video adapter
2. System Board
011-XXX-000 (Failed COM1 Serial Port
test)
1. Check loopback plug connected to externalized serial port.
2. Check cable from externalized port to system board. Should
connect to Serial Port A on the system board (J52).
3. System Board.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
99
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
011-XXX-001 (Failed COM2 Serial Port
test)
1. Check loopback plug connected to externalized serial port.
2. Check cable from externalized port to system board. Should
connect to Serial Port B on the system board (J51).
3. System Board.
014-XXX-000 (Failed Parallel Port test)
System board
015-XXX-001 (USB interface not found,
board damaged)
System board
015-XXX-198 (USB device connected
during USB test)
1. Remove USB devices from USB1 and USB2.
2. System Board
.
020-XXX-000 (Failed PCI Interface test)
System board
030-XXX-000 (Failed Internal SCSI
interface test)
System board
035-XXX-099
1. Integrated RAID function on system board is damaged.
2. No RAID adapters were found.
3. If adapter is installed re-check connection.
035-XXX-S99 (Failed RAID test on PCI slot 1. RAID Adapter
S, check System Error Log before replacing
2. SCSI Backplane
a FRU)
3. Cable
035-XXX-SNN (Check System Error Log
before replacing a FRU, NN = SCSI ID of
failing fixed disk)
Fixed Disk with SCSI ID NN on RAID adapter in PCI slot S.
035-253-S99 (RAID adapter initialization
failure)
1. ServeRAID Adapter in slot S is not configured properly. Obtain the
basic and extended configuration status and refer to the ServeRAID
Hardware Maintenance Manual for more information.
2. Cable.
3. SCSI Backplane.
4. Adapter.
089-XXX-001 (Failed Microprocessor test)
1. Microprocessor 1
2. System Board
089-XXX-002 (Failed Optional
Microprocessor test)
1. Microprocessor 2
165-060-000 (Service Processor: RSA may
be busy)
1. Rerun the diagnostic test.
2. System Board
2. Fix other error conditions that may be keeping ASM busy. Refer to
the error log and diagnostic panel.
3. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30
seconds, reconnect, and retry.
4. System Board.
.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
165-198-000 (Service Processor: Aborted)
1. Rerun the diagnostic test.
2. Fix other error conditions that may be keeping ASM busy. Refer to
the error log and diagnostic panel.
3. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30
seconds, reconnect, and retry.
4. System Board.
165-201-000 (Service Processor: Failed)
1. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30
seconds, reconnect, and retry.
2. System Board.
165-330-000 (Service Processor: Failed)
Update to the latest ROM diagnostic level, and retry.
165-342-000 (Service Processor: Failed)
1. Ensure latest firmware levels for ASM and BIOS.
2. Disconnect all server and option power cords from server, wait 30
seconds, reconnect, and retry.
3. System Board.
180-XXX-000 (Diagnostics LED failure)
Run Diagnostic LED test for the failing LED.
180-XXX-001 (Failed Front LED panel test)
Information LED Panel
180-XXX-002 (Failed Diagnostics LED
panel test)
System board
180-XXX-003 (Failed System Board LED
test)
System board
180-XXX-005 (Failed SCSI Backplane LED
test)
1. SCSI Backplane
2. SCSI Backplane Cable
3. System Board
201-XXX-0NN (Failed Memory test, see
“Installing memory modules” on page 55).
1. DIMM Location slots 1-4 where NN = DIMM location.
Note: NN 1=DIMM 1 NN 2=DIMM 2 NN 3=DIMM 3 NN 4=DIMM 4
2. System Board
201-XXX-999 (Multiple DIMM failure, see
error text)
1. See error text for failing DIMMs.
202-XXX-001 (Failed System Cache test)
1. Microprocessor 1
2. System Board.
2. System Board
202-XXX-002 (Failed System Cache test)
1. Microprocessor 2
2. System Board
206-XXX-000 (Failed Diskette Drive test)
1. Try test with another diskette.
2. Cable.
3. Diskette Drive.
4. System Board.
214-XXX-000 (Failed Diskette Drive test)
1. Try test with another diskette.
2. Cable.
3. Diskette Drive.
4. System Board.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
101
Error Code/Symptom
FRU/Action
215-XXX-000 (Failed IDE CD-ROM test)
1. Try test with a different CD.
2. CD-ROM Drive Cables.
3. CD-ROM Drive.
4. System Board.
217-198-XXX (Could not establish drive
parameters)
1. Check cable and termination.
2. SCSI backplane.
3. Fixed disk
.
217-XXX-000 (Failed Fixed Disk test)
Note: If RAID is configured, the fixed disk
number refers to the RAID logical array
1. Fixed Disk 1
217-XXX-001 (Failed BIOS Fixed Disk test)
Note: If RAID is configured, the fixed disk
number refers to the RAID logical array
1. Fixed Disk 2
264-XXX-0NN (Failed Tape Drive test)
1. Tape Cartridge, if user executed the Read/Write Tape Drive test
(failure code of XXX = 256).
2. System Board
2. System Board
2. SCSI or Power Cable connected to tape drive with SCSI ID NN.
3. Tape Drive with SCSI ID NN. (Refer to the Help and Service
Information appendix of the tape drive’s User Guide.)
4. System Board or SCSI Controller. (Run SCSI Controller Diagnostic
to determine if the SCSI bus is functioning properly.)
264-XXX-999 (Errors on multiple tape
drives, see error text for more info)
See error messages/text in the PC Doctor error log for detailed
information on each individual tape drive error.
301-XXX-000 (Failed Keyboard test)
1. Keyboard
2. System Board
405-XXX-000 (Failed Ethernet test on
controller on the System Board)
1. Verify that Ethernet is not disabled in BIOS.
405-XXX-A0N (Failed Ethernet test on
adapter in slot A)
1. For A=0, system board
415-XXX-000 (Failed Modem test)
1. Cable
Note: Ensure modem is present and attached to server.
2. System Board.
2. For A >0, adapter in PCI slot A
2. Modem
3. System Board
Error symptoms
You can use the error symptom table to find solutions to problems that have definite
symptoms.
If you cannot find the problem in the error symptom charts, run the diagnostic
programs to test the server.
If you have just added new software or a new option and your server is not
working, complete the following steps before using the error symptom charts:
1. Remove the software or device that you just added.
2. Run the diagnostic tests to determine if your server is running correctly.
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3. Reinstall the new software or new device.
In the following table, if the entry in the FRU/action column is a suggested action,
perform that action; if it is the name of a component, reseat the component and
replace it if necessary. The most likely cause of the symptom is listed first.
Error Symptom
FRU/Action
CD is not working properly.
1. Clean the CD.
2. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
3. CD-ROM Drive.
CD-ROM drive tray is not working. (The
server must be powered-on)
1. Insert the end of a paper clip into the manual tray-release opening.
2. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
3. CD-ROM Drive.
CD-ROM drive is not recognized.
1. Run Configuration/Setup, enable primary IDE channel.
2. Check cables and jumpers.
3. Check for correct device driver.
4. Run CD-ROM diagnostics.
5. CD-ROM Drive.
6. System Board.
Power switch does not work and reset
button does work. (SW 1-1 is force
power-on switch.)
1. Reseat connector.
2. Switch Card.
3. System Board.
Diskette drive in-use light stays on, or
the system bypasses the diskette drive,
or the diskette drive does not work
1. If there is a diskette in the drive, verify that:
a. The diskette drive is enabled in the Configuration/Setup utility
program.
b. The diskette is good and not damaged. (Try another diskette if
you have one.)
c. The diskette is inserted correctly in the drive.
d. The diskette contains the necessary files to start the server.
e. The software program is OK.
f. Cable is installed correctly (proper orientation).
2. Run Diskette Drive Diagnostics.
3. Cable.
4. Diskette Drive.
5. System Board.
Monitor problems (general). Some IBM
1. Monitor.
monitors have their own self-tests. If you
2. Run Video Diagnostics. If diagnostics pass, the problem may be a
suspect a problem with the monitor, refer to
video driver.
the information that comes with the monitor
3.
Display Adapter / System Board.
for adjusting and testing instructions.
No video
1. Make sure correct machine is selected.
2. Make sure all cables are locked down.
Drives not recognized by the Fixed Disk Remove the first drive that doesn’t show up and rerun the Fixed Disk
diagnostic. (e.g. of 6 drives, the Fixed Disk diagnostic. If the remaining drives then show up, replace the drive you
removed.
test only shows 3)
Hang during Fixed Disk diagnostic
Remove the hard disk drive being tested at the time of the hang. Rerun
the diagnostic. If successful, replace the drive you removed.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
103
Error Symptom
FRU/Action
Not all drives are recognized by fixed
disk diagnostic.
1. Remove first drive that does not show up and rerun diagnostic. If
remaining drives show up, replace the one that was removed.
2. If remaining drives do not show up, remove successive drives one
at a time and rerun diagnostic.
System hangs during fixed disk
diagnostic.
Remove hard drive being tested at the time of the hang and rerun the
diagnostic. If successful, replace drive that was removed.
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Symptom to FRU list
Symptom
FRU/action
Microprocessor test failed.
Microprocessor
System timer test failed.
System board
Memory test failed.
v DIMM
v System board
RAM refresh test failed.
System board
ECC controller logic.
System board
CMOS RAM test failed.
System board
Keyboard controller test failed.
System board
External cache test failed.
Microprocessor
PCI test failed.
System board
USB interface test failed.
System board
USB port test failed.
System board
Video test failed.
Mini-PCI video adapter
Serial port test failed.
System board
Parallel port test failed.
System board
SCSI controller test failed.
System board
Hard disk drive test failed.
1. Hard disk drive
2. Hard disk drive cable
Diskette drive test failed.
1. Diskette drive
2. Diskette drive cable
3. System board
Integrated SP test failed.
System board
System management test failed. 1. Remote Supervisor adapter, if installed.
2. System board.
CD-ROM test failed.
1. CD-ROM drive
2. CD-ROM drive cable
3. System board
Ethernet test failed.
System board
ServeRAID test failed.
RAID controller
Tape drive test failed.
Tape drive
BIOS timer test failed.
System board
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Symptom to FRU list
Symptom
FRU/action
IRQ controller test tailed.
System board
DMA channels test failed.
System board
RAM refresh test failed.
System board
Real-time clock test failed.
System board
System board LED test failed.
System board
Cache test failed.
Microprocessor
Keyboard test failed.
1. Keyboard
2. System board
Speaker test failed.
System board
Mouse test failed.
1. Mouse
2. System board
Hot-swap power-supply LED errors
Use the information in this section to solve power-supply problems.
Note: The minimum configuration required for the dc good light to be lit is:
v Power supply
v Power cage assembly, if installed.
v System board (set switch 7 of SW1 to bypass the power switch; see
“System board” on page 34.
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
AC good LED
DC good LED
Description
FRU/action
Off
Off
No power to system or ac
problem.
1. Check ac power to the system.
Standby mode or dc
problem.
1. Check system board cable connectors J4
and J10. Move switch 7 of SW 1 to bypass
power control. If the dc good LED is lit,
press Ctrl+Alt+Delete. Watch the screen for
any POST errors. Check the System Error
Log for any listed problems. If the system
starts with no errors:
a. Power switch assembly
b. System board
On
Off
2. Power supply.
2. Remove the adapters and disconnect the
cables and power connectors to all internal
and external devices. Turn on the system.
If the dc good LED is lit, replace the
adapters and devices one at a time until
you isolate the problem.
3. Power supply.
4. Power cage assembly, if installed.
5. System board.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
105
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
AC good LED
DC good LED
Description
FRU/action
On
On
Power is working properly.
N/A
POST error codes
In the following error codes, X can be any number or letter.
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Error code/symptom
FRU/action
062 (Three consecutive boot failures using 1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
the default configuration.)
2. Battery.
3. System board.
4. Microprocessor.
101, 102, 106 (Timer tick interrupt failure)
System board
102(Timer 2 test failure)
System board
106(Diskette controller error)
System board
129 (Internal cache (L1) error)
1. Optional microprocessor
2. Microprocessor
151 (Real time clock error)
1. Run diagnostics.
2. Battery.
3. System board.
161 (Real time clock battery error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Battery.
3. System board.
162 (Device configuration error)
Note: Be sure to load the default settings
and any additional desired settings; then,
save the configuration.
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Battery.
3. Failing device.
4. System board.
163 (Real-time clock error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Battery.
3. System board.
164 (Memory configuration changed.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. DIMM.
3. System board.
175(EEPROM CRC #1 damaged.)
System board
184 (Power-on password damaged)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. System board.
185 (Drive startup sequence information
corrupted)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
187 (VPD serial number not set.)
1. Set serial number in the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. System board.
2. System board.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Error code/symptom
FRU/action
188 (EEPROM CRC #2 damaged.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. System board.
189 (An attempt made to enter the system 1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
with invalid passwords)
2. System board.
201 (Memory test error.)
1. DIMM
2. System board
229(Internal cache (L2) error)
1. Microprocessor
2. Optional microprocessor
289 (DIMM disabled by the user or
system.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. DIMM.
3. System board.
301 (Keyboard or keyboard controller
error)
1. Keyboard
303 (Keyboard controller error)
1. Replace the PS/2 keyboard with a USB keyboard.
2. System board
2. System board.
602 (Invalid diskette boot record)
1. Diskette
2. Diskette drive
3. Drive cable
4. System board
604 (Diskette drive error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program and diagnostics.
2. Diskette drive.
3. Drive cable.
4. System board.
662 (Diskette drive configuration error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program and diagnostics.
2. Diskette drive.
3. Drive cable.
4. System board.
962 (Parallel port configuration error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. System board.
1162(Serial port configuration error)
System board
11XX (System board serial port 1 or 2
error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
1762 (Hard drive configuration error, IDE
only.)
1. Hard disk drive.
2. System board.
2. Hard disk cables.
3. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
4. System board.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
107
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Error code/symptom
FRU/action
178X (Hard drive error, IDE only.)
1. Hard disk cables
2. Hard disk adapter
3. Hard disk drive
4. System board
1800 (No more hardware interrupt
available for PCI adapter.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
1801 (No more ROM space available for
PIC adapter.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Remove adapter.
2. Remove adapter.
3. Disable the adapter BIOs and run the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
1962 (Drive does not contain a valid boot
sector)
1. Verify that a startable operating system is installed.
2. Run diagnostics.
3. Hard disk drive.
4. SCSI backplane.
5. Cable.
6. System board.
2462(Video configuration error)
System board.
5962 (IDE CD-ROM drive configuration
error)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. CD-ROM drive.
3. CD-ROM power cable.
4. IDE cable.
5. System board.
6. Battery.
8603 (Pointing-device error)
1. Pointing device.
2. System board
00012000 (Machine check architecture
error.)
1. Microprocessor.
00019502 (Microprocessor 1 failed)
1. Microprocessor.
2. System board.
2. System board
00180100(No room for PCI option ROM)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Failing adapter.
3. System board.
00180200 (No more I/O space available
for PCI adapter.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Adapter.
3. System board.
00180300 (No more memory above 1MB
for PCI adapter.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. Adapter.
3. System board.
108
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Error code/symptom
FRU/action
00180400(No memory below 1 MB for PCI 1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
adapter.)
2. Adapter.
3. System board.
00180500 (PCI option ROM checksum
error.)
1. PCI adapter.
00180600 (PCI device BIST failure. PCI
bridge error.)
1. Run the Configuration/Setup Utility program.
2. System board.
2. Adapter.
3. System board.
00180700 (PCI device not responding.)
1. PCI adapter.
2. System board.
00181000 (General PCI error)
1. Adapter
2. System board
I9990650 (AC power has been restored)
1. Check cable.
2. Check for interruption of power.
3. Power cable.
Service processor error codes
When viewed from POST, Remote Supervisor Adapter error codes will appear in
hexadecimal form (generally beginning with A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, AD, AE, or E1).
However, when viewed from the System Error Log, the messages will appear as
text. To determine a possible error condition for the service processor, see the
System Error Log (see “Viewing error logs from diagnostic programs” on page 22).
SCSI error codes
Error code
FRU/action
All SCSI Errors One or more of the
following might be causing the problem:
1. External SCSI devices must be turned on before you turn on the
server.
v A failing SCSI device (adapter, drive,
controller)
2. Make sure that the cables for all external SCSI devices are
connected correctly.
v An improper SCSI configuration or SCSI
termination jumper setting
3. If you have attached an external SCSI device to the server, make
sure the external SCSI termination is set to automatic.
v Duplicate SCSI IDs in the same SCSI
chain
4. Make sure that the last device in each SCSI chain is terminated
correctly.
v A missing or improperly installed SCSI
terminator
5. Make sure that the SCSI devices are configured correctly.
v A defective SCSI terminator
v An improperly installed cable
v A defective cable
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
109
Temperature error messages
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
DASD Over Temperature (level-critical;
direct access storage device bay x was
over temperature)
Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
considerations” on page 36.
DASD Over recommended Temperature
Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
(sensor x) (level-warning; DASD bay x had considerations” on page 36.
over temperature condition)
DASD under recommended temperature
(sensor x) (level-warning; direct access
storage device bay x had under
temperature condition)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
DASD Over Temperature (level-critical;
sensor for DASD1 reported temperature
over recommended range)
Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
considerations” on page 36.
Power supply x Temperature Fault
(level-critical; power supply x had over
temperature condition)
1. Ensure system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
considerations” on page 36.
System board is over recommended
temperature (level-warning; system board
is over recommended temperature)
1. Ensure system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
considerations” on page 36.
System board is under recommended
temperature (level-warning; system board
is under recommended temperature)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
System over temperature for CPU x
(level-warning; CPU x reporting over
temperature condition)
Ensure system is being properly cooled; see “System reliability
considerations” on page 36.
System under recommended CPU x
temperature (level-warning; system
reporting under temperature condition for
CPU x)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
2. Replace power supply x
2. Replace the system board.
Fan error messages
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
Fan x failure (level-critical; fan x had a
failure)
1. Check connections to fan x.
Fan x fault (level-critical; fan x beyond
recommended RPM range)
1. Check connections to fan x.
Fan x outside recommended speed
action
Replace fan x.
110
2. Replace fan x.
2. Replace fan x.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Power error messages
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
Power supply x current share fault
(level-critical; excessive current demand on
power supply x)
Replace power supply x.
Power supply x DC good fault
Replace power supply x.
(level-critical; power good signal not detected
for power supply x)
Power supply x temperature fault
Replace power supply x.
Power supply x removed
No action required - information only.
Power supply x fan fault (level-critical; fan
fault in power supply x)
Replace power supply x.
Power supply x 12 V fault (level-critical;
overcurrent condition detected)
See “Power checkout” on page 29.
Power supply x 3.3 V fault (level-critical;
3.3 V power supply x had an error)
See “Power checkout” on page 29.
Power supply x 5 V fault (level-critical; 5 V
power supply x had an error)
See “Power checkout” on page 29.
System running non-redundant power
(level-noncritical; system does not have
redundant power)
1. Add another power supply.
2. Remove options from system.
3. System can continue to operate without redundancy protection if
steps1 and 2 are not followed.
System under recommended voltage for x 1. Check connections to the power subsystem.
(level-warning; indicated voltage supply
2. Power supply.
under nominal value; value for x can be +12,
3. Power cage assembly, if installed.
-12, or +5)
System shutdown
See the following tables when experiencing system shutdown related to voltage or
temperature problems.
Voltage related system shutdown
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
System shutoff due to x current over
max value (level-critical; system drawing
too much current on voltage x bus)
See “Power checkout” on page 29.
System shutoff due to x V over voltage
(level-critical; system shutoff due to x
supply over voltage)
1. Check the power-supply connectors.
2. Power supply.
3. Power cage assembly, if installed.
System shutoff due to x V under voltage 1. Check the power-supply connectors.
(level-critical system shutoff due to x supply
2. Power supply.
under voltage)
3. Power cage assembly, if installed.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
111
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
System shutoff due to VRM x over
voltage
Replace VRM x.
System shutoff due to excessive (< 240
VA) loading
1. See “Power checkout” on page 29.
2. Cycle ac on/off.
Temperature related system shutdown
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
System shutoff due to board over
temperature (level-critical; board is over
temperature)
1. Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System
reliability considerations” on page 36.
System shutoff due to CPU x over
temperature (level-critical; CPU x is over
temperature)
1. Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System
reliability considerations” on page 36.
System shutoff due to CPU x under
temperature (level-critical; CPU x is under
temperature)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
System shutoff due to DASD temperature
(sensor x) (level-critical; DASD area
reported temperature outside recommended
operating range)
Ensure that the system is being properly cooled; see “System
reliability considerations” on page 36.
System shutoff due to high ambient
temperature (level-critical; high ambient
temperature)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
System shutoff due to system board
under temperature (level-critical; system
board is under temperature)
Ambient temperature must be within normal operating specifications;
see “Features and specifications” on page 3.
2. Replace board.
2. Replace CPU x.
DASD checkout
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
Hard drive x removal detected
(level-critical; hard drive x has been
removed)
Information only; take action as appropriate.
112
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Host built-in self test (BIST)
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Message
Action
Host fail (level-informational; built-in
self-test for the host failed)
1. Reseat the microprocessor.
2. Replace the microprocessor.
Bus fault messages
Note: See “System replaceable units” on page 118 to determine which components should be replaced by a field
service technician.
Bus fault messages
Message Action
Failure reading 12C device. Check
devices on bus 0.
1. If installed, reseat the I2C cable between Remote Supervisor
Adapter (in PCI slot 1/J14) and the Remote Supervisor Adapter
connector on the system board.
2. Memory DIMMs.
3. System board.
Failure reading 12C device. Check
devices on bus 1.
1. Reseat the I2C cable between the operator information panel and
system board (J22).
2. Operator information panel.
3. System board.
Failure reading 12C device. Check
devices on bus 2.
1. Reseat the cable between system board and the power supply
(power cage assembly, if installed) (J10).
2. Power cage assembly, if installed.
3. Power supply.
4. System board.
Failure reading 12C device. Check
devices on bus 3.
1. Reseat the cable between the DASD backplane and connector
(J10) of system board.
2. DASD backplane.
3. System board.
Failure reading I2C device. Check device
on bus 4.
System board
Undetermined problems
Use the information in this section if the diagnostic tests did not identify the failure,
the devices list is incorrect, or the system is inoperative.
Notes:
1. Damaged data in CMOS can cause undetermined problems.
2. Damaged data in BIOS code can cause undetermined problems.
Check the LEDs on all the power supplies. If the LEDs indicate the power supplies
are working correctly, complete the following steps:
1. Turn off the server.
2. Be sure the server is cabled correctly.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
113
3. Remove or disconnect the following devices (one at a time) until you find the
failure (turn on the server and reconfigure each time):
Any external devices
Surge suppressor device (on the server)
Modem, printer, mouse, or non-IBM devices
Each adapter
Drives
Memory modules (minimum requirement = 256 MB (2 banks of 128 MB
DIMMs))
Note: Minimum operating requirements are:
a. One power supply
b. Power cage assembly, if installed.
c. System board
d. One microprocessor and VRM
e. Memory module (with a minimum of two 128 MB DIMMs)
4. Turn on the server. If the problem remains, suspect the following FRUs in the
order listed:
Power supply
Power cage assembly, if installed
System board
Notes:
1. If the problem goes away when you remove an adapter from the system and
replacing that adapter does not correct the problem, suspect the system board.
2. If you suspect a networking problem and all the system tests pass, suspect a
network cabling problem external to the system.
Problem determination tips
Due to the variety of hardware and software combinations that can be encountered,
use the following information to assist you in problem determination. If possible,
have this information available when requesting assistance from Service Support
and Engineering functions.
v Machine type and model
v Microprocessor or hard disk upgrades
v Failure symptom
– Do diagnostics fail?
–
–
–
–
–
What, when, where, single, or multiple systems?
Is the failure repeatable?
Has this configuration ever worked?
If it has been working, what changes were made prior to it failing?
Is this the original reported failure?
v Diagnostics version
– Type and version level
v Hardware configuration
– Print (print screen) configuration currently in use
– BIOS level
v Operating system software
– Type and version level
114
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Note: To eliminate confusion, identical systems are considered identical only if
they:
1. Are the exact machine type and models
2. Have the same BIOS level
3. Have the same adapters/attachments in the same locations
4. Have the same address jumpers/terminators/cabling
5. Have the same software versions and levels
6. Have the same diagnostics code (version)
7. Have the same configuration options set in the system
8. Have the same setup for the operation system control files
Comparing the configuration and software set-up between ″working″ and
″non-working″ systems will often lead to problem resolution.
Chapter 6. Symptom-to-FRU index
115
116
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Chapter 7. Parts listing xSeries 225 Type 8647
This parts listing supports the xSeries 225 Type 8647.
1
19
13
14
15
17
16
2
3
4
18
5
6
7
8
12
10
9
11
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
117
System replaceable units
Note: Field replaceable units (FRUs) should be serviced only by qualified field
service technicians. Customer replacement units can be replaced by the
customer.
Index
1
2
3
4
4
5
6
7
7
8
9
System (xSeries 225, Type 8647)
Chassis (all models)
3.5 EMC shield (all models)
5.25 EMC shield (all models)
CD-ROM drive, 48X (primary) (all models)
CD-ROM drive, 48X (alternate) (all models)
Diskette drive, black (all models)
Bezel assembly (all models)
Hard disk drive, 36.4 GB SCSI (model 2AX, 3AX, 3BX, 3CG, 4AX,
4BX, 4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
Hard disk drive, 36.4 GB SCSI (models 22X, 32X, 22G, 42G, 42X,
52G, 52X)
Hard disk drive cage assembly, kit (models 02AX, 3AX, 3BX, 3CG,
4AX, 4BX, 4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
Bezel kit (all models)
FRU No.
59P4820
32P8503
19K5548
33P3207
33P3211
76H4091
59P4791
24P3704
CRU/FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
CRU
CRU
CRU
CRU
24P3704
CRU
59P4906
FRU
00N7082
CRU
59P4888
19K4936
59P4831
59P4824
25P6309
71P8243
59P4937
59P4840
59P4845
59P2607
09N4305
FRU
FRU
CRU
CRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
09N4306
CRU
19K4945
24P1284
59P4739
33F8354
59P4828
59P4823
19K4951
FRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
59P4201
FRU
59P2614
FRU
37L5098
75H9219
76H4228
59P4792
71P8472
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
v Filler bezel (2)
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
15
15
16
17
17
18
19
v Blank bezel (2)
Fan 80 mm duct assembly all models)
Front adapter support (all models)
Support bracket assembly (all models)
Cover, side/top (all models)
Heat sink (all models)
Microprocessor, 400/2.0 (models 22X, 2AX, 22G)
Microprocessor, 533/2.4 (models 32X, 3AX, 3BX, 32G, 3CG)
Microprocessor, 533/2.67 (models 42G, 42X, 4AX, 4BX, 4CG)
Microprocessor, 533/2.8 (models 52G, 52X, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
System board (all models)
Memory, 128 MB PC2100 ECC DIMM (models 22X, 32X, 22G, 32G,
42X, 42G, 52X, 52G)
Memory, 512 MB PC2100 ECC DIMM (models 2AX, 3AX, 3BX, 3CG,
4AX, 4BX, 4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
Rear adapter-retaining bracket (all models)
Air baffle
Alcohol wipe kit (all models)
Battery, 3.0 V
Bezel, door assembly (all models)
Bezel, front (all models)
Bezel kit (all models)
v Plug, front
v Plug, USB
Cable, 1-drop Ultra 320 SCSI hot-swap backplane (models 2AX, 3AX,
3BX, 3CG, 4AX, 4BX, 4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG,)
Cable, 4-drop Ultra 320 SCSI (models 22X, 32X, 22G, 32G, 42X, 42G,
52X, 52G)
Cable, 2-drop ATA-66 (all models)
Cable, CD-ROM audio (all models)
Cable, diskette drive (all models)
Cable, interposer CB (models 2AX, 3AX, 4AX, 5AX)
Cable, video (all models)
118
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Index
System (xSeries 225, Type 8647)
Cable, UDB (all models)
Cage, dual power supply (models 3BX, 4BX, 5BX)
Door assembly, sliding (all models)
Fan 80 mm (all models)
Fan, 92x38 fix speed (all models)
Feet snap-in (4) (all models)
Feet, system kit (all models)
Guide, card (all models)
Handle cap (all models)
Hard disk drive backplane (models 2AX, 3AX, 3BX, 3CG, 4AX, 4BX,
4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
Hard disk drive rail (all models)
Lock assembly (all models)
Lock bar (2AX, 3AX, 3BX, 3CG, 4AX, 4BX, 4CG, 5AX, 5BX, 5CG)
Miscellaneous hardware kit (all models)
FRU No.
59P4808
59P4909
59P4825
59P2572
59P4893
12J4506
12J4506
59P2626
59P4889
59P5159
CRU/FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
23P1328
59P4822
59P2629
09N5764
CRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
06P6350
71P8107
FRU
FRU
24P0383
59P4829
24P2621
24P2621
59P2705
19K4940
93F2364
49P2042
CRU
FRU
FRU
FRU
CRU
FRU
CRU
FRU
49P2033
09N7585
59P4790
02R0970
59P4740
CRU
CRU
FRU
CRU
FRU
v Screw, M3.5 (7)
v Gasket, EMC two position (1)
v Bracket, I/O blank (1)
v Bracket, power supply (1)
v Support, blank isolator (4)
v Bracket, key holder (1)
v Screw, M3X5 slotted (4)
v Clip (1)
v Spacer, system board (4)
v Clamp, SCSI cable (1)
v Screw, M3.5 slotted (6)
Module, retention (models 22X, 22G, 2AX)
Module, retention (models 32X, 3AX, 3BX, 32G, 3CG, 42X, 4AX, 4BX,
42G, 4CG, 52X, 5AX, 5BX, 52G, 5CG)
Mouse (all models)
Panel, air (all models)
Panel assembly (all models)
Panel, control
PCI video adapter (all models)
Power button (all models)
Power cord (all)
Power supply, 425 watt (models 22X, 2AX, 32X, 3AX, 32G, 3CG, 42X,
4AX, 42G, 4CG, 52X, 5AX, 52G, 5CG)
Power supply, 350 watt hot-swap (models 3BX, 4BX, 5BX)
Remote supervisor adapter
Retainer, I/O cards (all models)
SCSI card (models 3CG, 4CG, 5CG)
Thermal grease kit (all models)
Keyboards (CRUs)
Keyboard
US English
French Canadian
LA Spanish
Arabic
Belgium/French
CRU No.
37L2551
37L2552
37L2553
37L2555
37L2556
Chapter 7. Parts listing xSeries 225 Type 8647
119
Keyboard
Belgium/UK
Bulgarian
Czech
Danish
Dutch
French
German
Greek
Hebrew
Hungarian
Korean
Iceland
Italy
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese
Romanian
Russian
Serbian/Cyrillic
Slavic
Spanish
Swedish/Finn
Swiss, French/German
Turkish
Turkish
UK English
Yugosl/Lat
US English-EMEA
Chinese/US
Thailand
French Canadian
CRU No.
37L2557
37L2558
37L2559
37L2560
37L2561
37L2562
37L2563
37L2564
37L2565
37L2566
02K0901
37L2567
37L2568
37L2569
37L2570
37L2571
37L2572
37L2573
37L2574
37L2575
37L2576
37L2577
37L2578
37L2579
37L2580
37L2581
37L2582
37L2583
37L2585
37L2587
37L0913
Power cords (CRUs)
For your safety, IBM provides a power cord with a grounded attachment plug to use
with this IBM product. To avoid electrical shock, always use the power cord and
plug with a properly grounded outlet.
IBM power cords used in the United States and Canada are listed by Underwriter’s
Laboratories (UL) and certified by the Canadian Standards Association (CSA).
For units intended to be operated at 115 volts: Use a UL-listed and CSA-certified
cord set consisting of a minimum 18 AWG, Type SVT or SJT, three-conductor cord,
a maximum of 15 feet in length and a parallel blade, grounding-type attachment
plug rated 15 amperes, 125 volts.
For units intended to be operated at 230 volts (U.S. use): Use a UL-listed and
CSA-certified cord set consisting of a minimum 18 AWG, Type SVT or SJT,
three-conductor cord, a maximum of 15 feet in length and a tandem blade,
grounding-type attachment plug rated 15 amperes, 250 volts.
For units intended to be operated at 230 volts (outside the U.S.): Use a cord set
with a grounding-type attachment plug. The cord set should have the appropriate
safety approvals for the country in which the equipment will be installed.
120
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
IBM power cords for a specific country or region are usually available only in that
country or region.
Chapter 7. Parts listing xSeries 225 Type 8647
121
122
IBM power cord part
number
Used in these countries and regions
13F9940
Argentina, Australia, China (PRC), New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Uruguay, Western Samoa
13F9979
Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Austria, Belgium, Benin,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep.,
Chad, China (Macau S.A.R.), Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland,
France, French Guiana, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Hungary,
Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Lebanon,
Luxembourg, Malagasy, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Caledonia,
Niger, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia,
Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, former
USSR, Vietnam, former Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zimbabwe
13F9997
Denmark
14F0015
Bangladesh, Burma, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka
14F0033
Antigua, Bahrain, Brunei, Channel Islands, China (Hong Kong
S.A.R.), Cyprus, Dubai, Fiji, Ghana, India, Iraq, Ireland, Kenya,
Kuwait, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Nepal, Nigeria, Polynesia, Qatar,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom,
Yemen, Zambia
14F0051
Liechtenstein, Switzerland
14F0069
Chile, Ethiopia, Italy, Libya, Somalia
14F0087
Israel
1838574
Thailand
6952301
Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman
Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El
Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan,
Korea (South), Liberia, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua,
Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Suriname, Taiwan,
Trinidad (West Indies), United States of America, Venezuela
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix A. Getting help and technical assistance
If you need help, service, or technical assistance or just want more information
about IBM products, you will find a wide variety of sources available from IBM to
assist you. This appendix contains information about where to go for additional
information about IBM and IBM products, what to do if you experience a problem
with your xSeries or IntelliStation® system, and whom to call for service, if it is
necessary.
Before you call
Before you call, make sure that you have taken these steps to try to solve the
problem yourself:
v Check all cables to make sure that they are connected.
v Check the power switches to make sure that the system is turned on.
v Use the troubleshooting information in your system documentation, and use the
diagnostic tools that come with your system.
v Go to the IBM Support Web site at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/ to check for
technical information, hints, tips, and new device drivers.
v Use an IBM discussion forum on the IBM Web site to ask questions.
You can solve many problems without outside assistance by following the
troubleshooting procedures that IBM provides in the online help or in the
publications that are provided with your system and software. The information that
comes with your system also describes the diagnostic tests that you can perform.
Most xSeries and IntelliStation systems, operating systems, and programs come
with information that contains troubleshooting procedures and explanations of error
messages and error codes. If you suspect a software problem, see the information
for the operating system or program.
Using the documentation
Information about your IBM xSeries or IntelliStation system and preinstalled
software, if any, is available in the documentation that comes with your system.
That documentation includes printed books, online books, README files, and help
files. See the troubleshooting information in your system documentation for
instructions for using the diagnostic programs. The troubleshooting information or
the diagnostic programs might tell you that you need additional or updated device
drivers or other software. IBM maintains pages on the World Wide Web where you
can get the latest technical information and download device drivers and updates.
To access these pages, go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/ and follow the
instructions. Also, you can order publications through the IBM Publications Ordering
System at
http://www.elink.ibmlink.ibm.com/public/applications/publications/cgibin/pbi.cgi.
Getting help and information from the World Wide Web
On the World Wide Web, the IBM Web site has up-to-date information about IBM
xSeries and IntelliStation products, services, and support. The address for IBM
xSeries information is http://www.ibm.com/eserver/xseries/. The address for IBM
IntelliStation information is http://www.ibm.com/pc/intellistation/.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
123
You can find service information for your IBM products, including supported options,
at http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/. If you click Profile from the support page, you
can create a customized support page. The support page has many sources of
information and ways for you to solve problems, including:
v Diagnosing problems, using the IBM Online Assistant
v Downloading the latest device drivers and updates for your products
v Viewing Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
v Viewing hints and tips to help you solve problems
v Participating in IBM discussion forums
v Setting up e-mail notification of technical updates about your products
Software service and support
Through IBM Support Line, you can get telephone assistance, for a fee, with usage,
configuration, and software problems with xSeries servers, IntelliStation
workstations, and appliances. For information about which products are supported
by Support Line in your country or region, go to
http://www.ibm.com/services/sl/products/.
For more information about Support Line and other IBM services, go to
http://www.ibm.com/services/, or go to http://www.ibm.com/planetwide/ for support
telephone numbers.
Hardware service and support
You can receive hardware service through IBM Integrated Technology Services or
through your IBM reseller, if your reseller is authorized by IBM to provide warranty
service. Go to http://www.ibm.com/planetwide/ for support telephone numbers.
In the U.S. and Canada, hardware service and support is available 24 hours a day,
7 days a week. In the U.K., these services are available Monday through Friday,
from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Related service information
The service procedures are designed to help you isolate problems. They assume
that you have model-specific training on all computers, or that you are familiar with
the computers, functions, terminology, and service information provided in this
manual.
Safety information
The following section contains the safety information that you need to be familiar
with before servicing an IBM computer.
General safety
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
v Observe good housekeeping in the area of the machines during and after
maintenance.
v When lifting any heavy object:
1. Ensure you can stand safely without slipping.
2. Distribute the weight of the object equally between your feet.
3. Use a slow lifting force. Never move suddenly or twist when you attempt to
lift.
4. Lift by standing or by pushing up with your leg muscles; this action removes
the strain from the muscles in your back. Do not attempt to lift any objects
that weigh more than 16 kg (35 lb) or objects that you think are too heavy for
you.
v Do not perform any action that causes hazards to the customer, or that makes
the equipment unsafe.
v Before you start the machine, ensure that other service representatives and the
customer’s personnel are not in a hazardous position.
v Place removed covers and other parts in a safe place, away from all personnel,
while you are servicing the machine.
v Keep your tool case away from walk areas so that other people will not trip over
it.
v Do not wear loose clothing that can be trapped in the moving parts of a machine.
Ensure that your sleeves are fastened or rolled up above your elbows. If your
hair is long, fasten it.
v Insert the ends of your necktie or scarf inside clothing or fasten it with a
nonconductive clip, approximately 8 centimeters (3 inches) from the end.
v Do not wear jewelry, chains, metal-frame eyeglasses, or metal fasteners for your
clothing.
Remember: Metal objects are good electrical conductors.
v Wear safety glasses when you are: hammering, drilling soldering, cutting wire,
attaching springs, using solvents, or working in any other conditions that might be
hazardous to your eyes.
v After service, reinstall all safety shields, guards, labels, and ground wires.
Replace any safety device that is worn or defective.
v Reinstall all covers correctly before returning the machine to the customer.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
125
Electrical safety
CAUTION:
Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables can be
hazardous. To avoid personal injury or equipment damage, disconnect the
attached power cords, telecommunication systems, networks, and modems
before you open the server covers, unless instructed otherwise in the
installation and configuration procedures.
Observe the following rules when working on electrical equipment.
Important: Use only approved tools and test equipment. Some hand tools have
handles covered with a soft material that does not insulate you when
working with live electrical currents.
Many customers have, near their equipment, rubber floor mats that
contain small conductive fibers to decrease electrostatic discharges. Do
not use this type of mat to protect yourself from electrical shock.
v Find the room emergency power-off (EPO) switch, disconnecting switch, or
electrical outlet. If an electrical accident occurs, you can then operate the switch
or unplug the power cord quickly.
v Do not work alone under hazardous conditions or near equipment that has
hazardous voltages.
v Disconnect all power before:
– Performing a mechanical inspection
– Working near power supplies
– Removing or installing main units
v Before you start to work on the machine, unplug the power cord. If you cannot
unplug it, ask the customer to power-off the wall box that supplies power to the
machine and to lock the wall box in the off position.
v If you need to work on a machine that has exposed electrical circuits, observe
the following precautions:
– Ensure that another person, familiar with the power-off controls, is near you.
Remember: Another person must be there to switch off the power, if
necessary.
– Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment; keep
the other hand in your pocket or behind your back.
Remember: There must be a complete circuit to cause electrical shock. By
observing the above rule, you may prevent a current from passing through
your body.
– When using testers, set the controls correctly and use the approved probe
leads and accessories for that tester.
– Stand on suitable rubber mats (obtained locally, if necessary) to insulate you
from grounds such as metal floor strips and machine frames.
Observe the special safety precautions when you work with very high voltages;
these instructions are in the safety sections of maintenance information. Use
extreme care when measuring high voltages.
v Regularly inspect and maintain your electrical hand tools for safe operational
condition.
126
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v Do not use worn or broken tools and testers.
v Never assume that power has been disconnected from a circuit. First, check that
it has been powered-off.
v Always look carefully for possible hazards in your work area. Examples of these
hazards are moist floors, nongrounded power extension cables, power surges,
and missing safety grounds.
v Do not touch live electrical circuits with the reflective surface of a plastic dental
mirror. The surface is conductive; such touching can cause personal injury and
machine damage.
v Do not service the following parts with the power on when they are removed from
their normal operating places in a machine:
– Power supply units
– Pumps
– Blowers and fans
– Motor generators
and similar units. (This practice ensures correct grounding of the units.)
v If
–
–
–
an electrical accident occurs:
Use caution; do not become a victim yourself.
Switch off power.
Send another person to get medical aid.
Safety inspection guide
The intent of this inspection guide is to assist you in identifying potentially unsafe
conditions on these products. Each machine, as it was designed and built, had
required safety items installed to protect users and service personnel from injury.
This guide addresses only those items. However, good judgment should be used to
identify potential safety hazards due to attachment of non-IBM features or options
not covered by this inspection guide.
If any unsafe conditions are present, you must determine how serious the apparent
hazard could be and whether you can continue without first correcting the problem.
Consider these conditions and the safety hazards they present:
v Electrical hazards, especially primary power (primary voltage on the frame can
cause serious or fatal electrical shock).
v Explosive hazards, such as a damaged CRT face or bulging capacitor
v Mechanical hazards, such as loose or missing hardware
The guide consists of a series of steps presented in a checklist. Begin the checks
with the power off, and the power cord disconnected.
Checklist:
1. Check exterior covers for damage (loose, broken, or sharp edges).
2. Turn off the computer. Disconnect the power cord.
3. Check the power cord for:
a. A third-wire ground connector in good condition. Use a meter to measure
third-wire ground continuity for 0.1 ohm or less between the external ground
pin and frame ground.
b. The power cord should be the appropriate type as specified in the parts
listings.
c. Insulation must not be frayed or worn.
Appendix B. Related service information
127
4. Remove the cover.
5. Check for any obvious non-IBM alterations. Use good judgment as to the safety
of any non-IBM alterations.
6. Check inside the unit for any obvious unsafe conditions, such as metal filings,
contamination, water or other liquids, or signs of fire or smoke damage.
7. Check for worn, frayed, or pinched cables.
8. Check that the power-supply cover fasteners (screws or rivets) have not been
removed or tampered with.
Handling electrostatic discharge-sensitive devices
Any computer part containing transistors or integrated circuits (ICs) should be
considered sensitive to electrostatic discharge (ESD). ESD damage can occur when
there is a difference in charge between objects. Protect against ESD damage by
equalizing the charge so that the server, the part, the work mat, and the person
handling the part are all at the same charge.
Notes:
1. Use product-specific ESD procedures when they exceed the requirements noted
here.
2. Make sure that the ESD-protective devices you use have been certified (ISO
9000) as fully effective.
When handling ESD-sensitive parts:
v Keep the parts in protective packages until they are inserted into the product.
v Avoid contact with other people.
v Wear a grounded wrist strap against your skin to eliminate static on your body.
v Prevent the part from touching your clothing. Most clothing is insulative and
retains a charge even when you are wearing a wrist strap.
v Use the black side of a grounded work mat to provide a static-free work surface.
The mat is especially useful when handling ESD-sensitive devices.
v Select a grounding system, such as those in the following list, to provide
protection that meets the specific service requirement.
Note: The use of a grounding system is desirable but not required to protect
against ESD damage.
– Attach the ESD ground clip to any frame ground, ground braid, or green-wire
ground.
– Use an ESD common ground or reference point when working on a
double-insulated or battery-operated system. You can use coax or
connector-outside shells on these systems.
– Use the round ground-prong of the ac plug on ac-operated computers.
Grounding requirements
Electrical grounding of the computer is required for operator safety and correct
system function. Proper grounding of the electrical outlet can be verified by a
certified electrician.
Safety notices (multilingual translations)
The caution and danger safety notices in this section are provided in the following
languages:
v English
128
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
v
Brazilian/Portuguese
Chinese
French
German
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Spanish
Important: All caution and danger statements in this IBM documentation begin with
a number. This number is used to cross reference an English caution or
danger statement with translated versions of the caution or danger
statement in this section.
For example, if a caution statement begins with a number 1,
translations for that caution statement appear in this section under
statement 1.
Be sure to read all caution and danger statements before performing
any of the instructions.
v Statement 1
DANGER
Electrical current from power, telephone and communication cables is hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation,
maintenance, or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.
v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.
v Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to
this product.
v When possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.
v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or
structural damage.
v Disconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems,
networks, and modems before you open the device covers, unless
instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.
v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when
installing, moving, or opening covers on this product or attached devices.
To Connect
To Disconnect
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlet.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlet.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn device ON.
v Statement 2
Appendix B. Related service information
129
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has
a module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module
type made by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can
explode if not properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
v Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD-ROM drives, fiber optic
devices, or transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could
result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable
parts inside the device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than
those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
DANGER: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B
laser diode. Note the following:
Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view
directly with optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the
beam.
v Statement 4
≥18 kg (37 lbs)
130
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
CAUTION:
Use safe practices when lifting.
v Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
v Statement 23
CAUTION:
Do not place any object weighing more than 50 kg (110 lbs.) on top of
rack-mounted devices.
Appendix B. Related service information
131
Importante:
Todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo da IBM documentation começam com um
número. Este número é utilizado para fazer referência cruzada de uma instrução de
cuidado ou perigo no idioma inglês com as versões traduzidas das instruções de
cuidado ou perigo encontradas nesta seção.
Por exemplo, se uma instrução de cuidado é iniciada com o número 1, as
traduções para aquela instrução de cuidado aparecem nesta seção sob a instrução
1.
Certifique-se de ler todas as instruções de cuidado e perigo antes de executar
qualquer operação.
Instrução 1
PERIGO
A corrente elétrica proveniente de cabos de alimentação, de telefone e de
comunicações é perigosa.
Para evitar risco de choque:
v Não conecte ou desconecte cabos e não realize instalação, manutenção ou
reconfiguração deste produto durante uma tempestade com raios.
v Conecte todos os cabos de alimentação a tomadas elétricas corretamente
instaladas e aterradas.
v Conecte todos os equipamentos ao qual esse produto será conectado a tomadas
corretamente instaladas.
v Sempre que possível, utilize apenas uma das mãos para conectar ou
desconectar cabos de sinal.
v Nunca ligue qualquer equipamento quando existir evidência de danos por fogo,
água ou na estrutura.
v Desconecte cabos de alimentação, sistemas de telecomunicação, redes e
modems antes de abrir as tampas dos dispositivos, a menos que especificado
de maneira diferente nos procedimentos de instalação e configuração.
v Conecte e desconecte cabos conforme descrito na seguinte tabela, ao instalar
ou movimentar este produto ou os dispositivos conectados, ou ao abrir suas
tampas.
Para Conectar:
Para Desconectar:
1. DESLIGUE Tudo.
1. DESLIGUE Tudo.
2. Primeiramente, conecte todos os cabos
aos dispositivos.
2. Primeiramente, remova os cabos de
alimentação das tomadas.
3. Conecte os cabos de sinal aos
conectores.
3. Remova os cabos de sinal dos
conectores.
4. Conecte os cabos de alimentação às
tomadas.
4. Remova todos os cabos dos dispositivos.
5. LIGUE os dispositivos.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Instrução 2
CUIDADO:
Ao substituir a bateria de lítio, utilize apenas uma bateria IBM, Número de Peça
33F8354 ou uma bateria de tipo equivalente, recomendada pelo fabricante. Se o
seu sistema possui um móídulo com uma bateria de lítio, substitua-o apenas pelo
mesmo tipo de mídulo, do mesmo fabricante. A bateria contém lítio e pode explodir
se não for utilizada, manuseada e descartada de maneira correta.
Não:
v Jogue ou coloque na água
v Aqueça a mais de 100°C (212°F)
v Conserte nem desmonte
Para descartar a bateria, entre em contato com a área de atendimento a clientes
IBM, pelo telefone (011) 889-8986, para obter informações sobre como enviar a
bateria pelo correio para a IBM.
Instrução 3
PRECAUCIÓN:
Quando produtos a laser (unidades de CD-ROM, unidades de DVD, dispositivos de
fibra ítica, transmissores, etc.) estiverem instalados, observe o seguinte:
v Não remova as tampas. A remoção das tampas de um produto a laser pode
resultar em exposição prejudicial à radiação de laser. Nenhuma peça localizada
no interior do dispositivo pode ser consertada.
v A utilização de controles ou ajustes ou a execução de procedimentos diferentes
dos especificados aqui pode resultar em exposição prejudicial à radiação.
PERIGO
Alguns produtos a laser contêm um diodo laser da Classe 3A ou Classe 3B
embutido. Observe o seguinte:
Radiação de laser quando aberto. Não olhe diretamente para o raio a olho nu ou
com instrumentos íticos, e evite exposição direta ao raio.
Instrução 4
Appendix B. Related service information
133
≥18 kg (37 lbs)
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
CUIDADO:
Ao levantar a máquina, faça-o com segurança.
Instrução 5
CUIDADO:
Os botões Liga/Desliga localizados no dispositivo e na fonte de alimentação não
desligam a corrente elétrica fornecida ao dispositivo. O dispositivo também pode ter
mais de um cabo de alimentação. Para remover toda a corrente elétrica do
dispositivo, assegure que todos os cabos de alimentação estejam desconectados
da fonte de energia elétrica.
2
1
CUIDADO:
Instrução 23
CUIDADO:
Não coloque nenhum objeto com peso superior a 50 kg (110 lbs.) sobre
dispositivos montados em rack.
134
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Related service information
135
136
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
23
50
50
110
110
Appendix B. Related service information
137
138
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Related service information
139
23
50
50
140
110
110
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Important:
Toutes les consignes Attention et Danger indiquées dans la bibliothèque IBM
documentation sont précédées d’un numéro. Ce dernier permet de mettre en
correspondance la consigne en anglais avec ses versions traduites dans la
présente section.
Par exemple, si une consigne de type Attention est précédée du chiffre 1, ses
traductions sont également précédées du chiffre 1 dans la présente section.
Prenez connaissance de toutes les consignes de type Attention et Danger avant de
procéder aux opérations décrites par les instructions.
Notice n° 1
DANGER
Le courant électrique passant dans les câbles de communication, ou les cordons
téléphoniques et d’alimentation peut être dangereux.
Pour éviter tout risque de choc électrique:
v Ne manipulez aucun câble et n’effectuez aucune opération d’installation,
d’entretien ou de reconfiguration de ce produit au cours d’un orage.
v Branchez tous les cordons d’alimentation sur un socle de prise de courant
correctement câblé et mis à la terre.
v Branchez sur des socles de prise de courant correctement câblés tout
équipement connecté à ce produit.
v Lorsque cela est possible, n’utilisez qu’une seule main pour connecter ou
déconnecter les câbles d’interface.
v Ne mettez jamais un équipement sous tension en cas d’incendie ou d’inondation,
ou en présence de dommages matériels.
v Avant de retirer les carters de l’unité, mettez celle-ci hors tension et déconnectez
ses cordons d’alimentation, ainsi que les câbles qui la relient aux réseaux, aux
systèmes de télécommunication et aux modems (sauf instruction contraire
mentionnée dans les procédures d’installation et de configuration).
v Lorsque vous installez ou que vous déplacez le présent produit ou des
périphériques qui lui sont raccordés, reportez-vous aux instructions ci-dessous
pour connecter et déconnecter les différents cordons.
Connexion
Déconnexion
1. Mettez les unités hors tension.
1. Mettez les unités hors tension.
2. Commencez par brancher tous les
cordons sur les unités.
2. Débranchez les cordons d’alimentation
des prises.
3. Branchez les câbles d’interface sur des
connecteurs.
3. Débranchez les câbles d’interface des
connecteurs.
4. Branchez les cordons d’alimentation sur
des prises.
4. Débranchez tous les câbles des unités.
5. Mettez les unités sous tension.
Appendix B. Related service information
141
Notice n° 2
ATTENTION:
Remplacez la pile au lithium usagée par une pile de référence identique
exclusivement - voir la référence IBM - ou par une pile équivalente
recommandée par le fabricant. Si votre système est doté d’un module
contenant une pile au lithium, vous devez le remplacer uniquement par un
module identique, produit par le même fabricant. La pile contient du lithium et
présente donc un risque d’explosion en cas de mauvaise manipulation ou
utilisation.
v Ne la jetez pas à l’eau.
v Ne l’exposez pas à une température supérieure à 100 °C.
v Ne cherchez pas à la réparer ou à la démonter.
Pour la mise au rebut, reportez-vous à la réglementation en vigueur.
Notice n° 3
ATTENTION:
Si des produits laser sont installés (tels que des unités de CD-ROM ou de
DVD, des périphériques contenant des fibres optiques ou des
émetteurs-récepteurs), prenez connaissance des informations suivantes:
v N’ouvrez pas ces produits pour éviter une exposition directe au rayon
laser. Vous ne pouvez effectuer aucune opération de maintenance à
l’intérieur.
v Pour éviter tout risque d’exposition au rayon laser, respectez les consignes
de réglage et d’utilisation des commandes, ainsi que les procédures
décrites dans le présent document.
DANGER
Certains produits laser contiennent une diode laser de classe 3A ou 3B.
Prenez connaissance des informations suivantes:
Rayonnement laser lorsque le carter est ouvert. évitez de regarder fixement le
faisceau ou de l’observer à l’aide d’instruments optiques. évitez une
exposition directe au rayon.
Notice n° 4
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
≥18 kg (37 lbs)
≥32 kg (70.5 lbs)
≥55 kg (121.2 lbs)
ATTENTION:
Faites-vous aider pour soulever ce produit.
Notice n° 5
ATTENTION:
Le bouton de mise sous tension/hors tension de l’unité et l’interrupteur
d’alimentation du bloc d’alimentation ne coupent pas l’arrivée de courant
électrique à l’intérieur de la machine. Il se peut que votre unité dispose de
plusieurs cordons d’alimentation. Pour isoler totalement l’unité du réseau
électrique, débranchez tous les cordons d’alimentation des socles de prise de
courant.
2
1
Notice n° 23
ATTENTION:
Ne posez pas d’objet dont le poids dépasse 50 kg sur les unités montées en
armoire.
Appendix B. Related service information
143
Wichtig:
Alle Sicherheitshinweise in dieser IBM documentation beginnen mit einer Nummer.
Diese Nummer verweist auf einen englischen Sicherheitshinweis mit den
übersetzten Versionen dieses Hinweises in diesem Abschnitt.
Wenn z. B. ein Sicherheitshinweis mit der Nummer 1 beginnt, so erscheint die
übersetzung für diesen Sicherheitshinweis in diesem Abschnitt unter dem Hinweis
1.
Lesen Sie alle Sicherheitshinweise, bevor Sie eine Anweisung ausführen.
Hinweis 1
VORSICHT
Elektrische Spannungen von Netz-, Telefon- und Datenübertragungsleitungen sind
gefährlich.
Aus Sicherheitsgründen:
v Bei Gewitter an diesem Gerät keine Kabel anschließen oder lösen. Ferner keine
Installations-, Wartungs- oder Rekonfigurationsarbeiten durchführen.
v Gerät nur an eine Schutzkontaktsteckdose mit ordnungsgemäß geerdetem
Schutzkontakt anschließen.
v Alle angeschlossenen Geräte ebenfalls an Schutzkontaktsteckdosen mit
ordnungsgemäß geerdetem Schutzkontakt anschließen.
v Signalkabel möglichst einhändig anschließen oder lösen.
v Keine Geräte einschalten, wenn die Gefahr einer Beschädigung durch Feuer,
Wasser oder andere Einflüsse besteht.
v Die Verbindung zu den angeschlossenen Netzkabeln,
Telekommunikationssystemen, Netzwerken und Modems ist vor dem öffnen des
Gehäuses zu unterbrechen. Es sei denn, dies ist in den zugehörigen
Installations- und Konfigurationsprozeduren anders angegeben.
v Nur nach den nachfolgend aufgeführten Anweisungen arbeiten, die für
Installation, Transport oder öffnen von Gehäusen von Personal Computern oder
angeschlossenen Einheiten gelten.
Kabel anschlieβen:
Kabel lösen:
1. Alle Geräte ausschalten und
Netzstecker ziehen.
1. Alle Geräte ausschalten.
2. Zuerst alle Kabel an Einheiten
anschließen.
3. Signalkabel von Anschlußbuchsen lösen.
3. Signalkabel an Anschlußbuchsen
anschließen.
2. Zuerst Netzstecker von Steckdose lösen.
4. Alle Kabel von Einheiten lösen.
4. Netzstecker an Steckdose anschließen.
5. Gerät einschalten.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Hinweis 2
ACHTUNG:
Eine verbrauchte Batterie nur durch eine Batterie mit der IBM Teilenummer
33F8354 oder durch eine vom Hersteller empfohlene Batterie ersetzen. Wenn Ihr
System ein Modul mit einer Lithium-Batterie enthält, ersetzen Sie es immer mit dem
selben Modultyp vom selben Hersteller. Die Batterie enthält Lithium und kann bei
unsachgemäßer Verwendung, Handhabung oder Entsorgung explodieren.
Die Batterie nicht:
v mit Wasser in Berührung bringen.
v über 100 C erhitzen.
v reparieren oder zerlegen.
Die örtlichen Bestimmungen für die Entsorgung von Sondermüll beachten.
Hinweis 3
ACHTUNG:
Wenn ein Laserprodukt (z. B. CD-ROM-Laufwerke, DVD-Laufwerke, Einheiten mit
Glasfaserkabeln oder Transmitter) installiert ist, beachten Sie folgendes.
v Das Entfernen der Abdeckungen des CD-ROM-Laufwerks kann zu gefährlicher
Laserstrahlung führen. Es befinden sich keine Teile innerhalb des
CD-ROM-Laufwerks, die vom Benutzer gewartet werden müssen. Die
Verkleidung des CD-ROM-Laufwerks nicht öffnen.
v Steuer- und Einstellelemente sowie Verfahren nur entsprechend den
Anweisungen im vorliegenden Handbuch einsetzen. Andernfalls kann gefährliche
Laserstrahlung auftreten.
VORSICHT
Manche CD-ROM-Laufwerke enthalten eine eingebaute Laserdiode der Klasse 3A
oder 3B. Die nachfolgend aufgeführten Punkte beachten.
Laserstrahlung bei geöffneter Tür. Niemals direkt in den Laserstrahl sehen, nicht
direkt mit optischen Instrumenten betrachten und den Strahlungsbereich meiden.
Hinweis 4
Appendix B. Related service information
145
≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
ACHTUNG:
Beim Anheben der Maschine die vorgeschriebenen Sicherheitsbestimmungen
beachten.
Hinweis 5
ACHTUNG:
Mit dem Betriebsspannungsschalter an der Vorderseite des Servers und dem
Betriebsspannungsschalter am Netzteil wird die Stromversorgung für den Server
nicht unterbrochen. Der Server könnte auch mehr als ein Netzkabel aufweisen. Um
die gesamte Stromversorgung des Servers auszuschalten, muß sichergestellt
werden, daß alle Netzkabel aus den Netzsteckdosen herausgezogen wurden.
2
1
Hinweis 23
ACHTUNG:
Keine Gegenstände, die mehr als 50 kg wiegen, auf Rack-Einheiten ablegen.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Importante:
Tutti gli avvisi di attenzione e di pericolo riportati nella pubblicazione IBM
documentation iniziano con un numero. Questo numero viene utilizzato per
confrontare avvisi di attenzione o di pericolo in inglese con le versioni tradotte
riportate in questa sezione.
Ad esempio, se un avviso di attenzione inizia con il numero 1, la relativa versione
tradotta è presente in questa sezione con la stessa numerazione.
Prima di eseguire una qualsiasi istruzione, accertarsi di leggere tutti gli avvisi di
attenzione e di pericolo.
Avviso 1
PERICOLO
La corrente elettrica circolante nei cavi di alimentazione, del telefono e di segnale è
pericolosa.
Per evitare il pericolo di scosse elettriche:
v Non collegare o scollegare i cavi, non effettuare l’installazione, la manutenzione
o la riconfigurazione di questo prodotto durante i temporali.
v Collegare tutti i cavi di alimentazione ad una presa elettrica correttamente
cablata e munita di terra di sicurezza.
v Collegare qualsiasi apparecchiatura collegata a questo prodotto ad una presa
elettrica correttamente cablata e munita di terra di sicurezza.
v Quando possibile, collegare o scollegare i cavi di segnale con una sola mano.
v Non accendere qualsiasi apparecchiatura in presenza di fuoco, acqua o se sono
presenti danni all’apparecchiatura stessa.
v Scollegare i cavi di alimentazione, i sistemi di telecomunicazioni, le reti e i
modem prima di aprire i coperchi delle unità, se non diversamente indicato nelle
procedure di installazione e configurazione.
v Collegare e scollegare i cavi come descritto nella seguente tabella quando si
effettuano l’installazione, la rimozione o l’apertura dei coperchi di questo prodotto
o delle unità collegate.
Per collegare:
Per scollegare:
1. SPEGNERE tutti i dispositivi.
1. SPEGNERE tutti i dispositivi.
2. Collegare prima tutti i cavi alle unità.
2. Rimuovere prima i cavi di alimentazione
dalle prese elettriche.
3. Collegare i cavi di segnale ai connettori.
3.
Rimuovere i cavi di segnale dai connettori.
4. Collegare i cavi di alimentazione alle
prese elettriche.
4. Rimuovere tutti i cavi dalle unità.
5. ACCENDERE le unità.
Avviso 2
Appendix B. Related service information
147
ATTENZIONE:
Quando si sostituisce la batteria al litio, utilizzare solo una batteria IBM con numero
parte 33F8354 o batterie dello stesso tipo o di tipo equivalente consigliate dal
produttore. Se il sistema di cui si dispone è provvisto di un modulo contenente una
batteria al litio, sostituire tale batteria solo con un tipo di modulo uguale a quello
fornito dal produttore. La batteria contiene litio e può esplodere se utilizzata,
maneggiata o smaltita impropriamente.
Evitare di:
v Gettarla o immergerla in acqua
v Riscaldarla ad una temperatura superiore ai 100°C
v Cercare di ripararla o smontarla
Smaltire secondo la normativa in vigore (D.Lgs 22 del 5/2/9) e successive
disposizioni nazionali e locali.
Avviso 3
ATTENZIONE:
Quando si installano prodotti laser come, ad esempio, le unità DVD, CD-ROM, a
fibre ottiche o trasmettitori, prestare attenzione a quanto segue:
v Non rimuovere i coperchi. L’apertura dei coperchi di prodotti laser può
determinare l’esposizione a radiazioni laser pericolose. All’interno delle unità non
vi sono parti su cui effettuare l’assistenza tecnica.
v L’utilizzo di controlli, regolazioni o l’esecuzione di procedure non descritti nel
presente manuale possono provocare l’esposizione a radiazioni pericolose.
PERICOLO
Alcuni prodotti laser contengono all’interno un diodo laser di Classe 3A o Classe
3B. Prestare attenzione a quanto segue:
Aprendo l’unità vengono emesse radiazioni laser. Non fissare il fascio, non
guardarlo direttamente con strumenti ottici ed evitare l’esposizione diretta al fascio.
Avviso 4
148
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
ATTENZIONE:
Durante il sollevamento della macchina seguire delle norme di sicurezza.
Avviso 5
ATTENZIONE:
Il pulsante del controllo dell’alimentazione situato sull’unità e l’interruttore di
alimentazione posto sull’alimentatore non disattiva la corrente elettrica fornita
all’unità. L’unità potrebbe disporre di più di un cavo di alimentazione. Per disattivare
la corrente elettrica dall’unità, accertarsi che tutti i cavi di alimentazione siano
scollegati dalla sorgente di alimentazione.
2
1
Avviso 23
ATTENZIONE:
Non poggiare oggetti che pesano più di 50 kg sulla parte superiore delle unità
montate in rack.
Appendix B. Related service information
149
150
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Related service information
151
23
50
> 50 Kg
152
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. Related service information
153
154
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
23
50
50
110
110
Appendix B. Related service information
155
Importante:
Todas las declaraciones de precauciín de esta IBM documentation empiezan con
un número. Dicho número se emplea para establecer una referencia cruzada de
una declaraciín de precauciín o peligro en inglés con las versiones traducidas que
de dichas declaraciones pueden encontrarse en esta secciín.
Por ejemplo, si una declaraciín de peligro empieza con el número 1, las
traducciones de esta declaraciín de precauciín aparecen en esta secciín bajo
Declaraciín 1.
Lea atentamente todas las declaraciones de precauciín y peligro antes de llevar a
cabo cualquier operaciín.
Declaración 1
PELIGRO
La corriente eléctrica de los cables telefínicos, de alimentaciín y de comunicaciones
es perjudicial.
Para evitar una descarga eléctrica:
v No conecte ni desconecte ningún cable ni realice las operaciones de instalaciín,
mantenimiento o reconfiguraciín de este producto durante una tormenta.
v Conecte cada cable de alimentaciín a una toma de alimentaciín eléctrica con
conexiín a tierra y cableado correctos.
v Conecte a tomas de alimentaciín con un cableado correcto cualquier equipo que
vaya a estar conectado a este producto.
v Si es posible, utilice una sola mano cuando conecte o desconecte los cables de
sent.al.
v No encienda nunca un equipo cuando haya riesgos de incendio, de inundaciín o
de daños estructurales.
v Desconecte los cables de alimentaciín, sistemas de telecomunicaciones, redes y
mídems conectados antes de abrir las cubiertas del dispositivo a menos que se
indique lo contrario en los procedimientos de instalaciín y configuraciín.
v Conecte y desconecte los cables tal como se describe en la tabla siguiente
cuando desee realizar una operaciín de instalaciín, de traslado o de apertura de
las cubiertas para este producto o para los dispositivos conectados.
Para la conexin
Para la desconexiín
1. APÁGUELO todo.
1. APÁGUELO todo.
2. En primer lugar, conecte los cables a
los dispositivos.
2. En primer lugar, retire cada cable de
alimentaciín de la toma de alimentaciín.
3. Conecte los cables de señal a los
conectores.
3. Retire los cables de señal de los
conectores.
4. Conecte cada cable de alimentaciín a la 4. Retire los cables de los dispositivos.
toma de alimentaciín.
5. ENCIENDA el dispositivo.
156
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Declaración 2
PRECAUCIÓN:
Cuando desee sustituir la batería de litio, utilice únicamente el número de pieza
33F8354 de IBM o cualquier tipo de batería equivalente que recomiende el
fabricante. Si el sistema tiene un mídulo que contiene una batería de litio,
sustitúyalo únicamente por el mismo tipo de mídulo, que ha de estar creado por el
mismo fabricante. La batería contiene litio y puede explotar si el usuario no la
utiliza ni la maneja de forma adecuada o si no se desprende de la misma como
corresponde.
No realice las acciones siguientes:
v Arrojarla al agua o sumergirla
v Calentarla a una temperatura que supere los 100°C (212°F)
v Repararla o desmontarla
Despréndase de la batería siguiendo los requisitos que exija el reglamento o la
legislaciín local.
Declaración 3
PRECAUCIÓN:
Cuando instale productos láser (como, por ejemplo, CD-ROM, unidades DVD,
dispositivos de fibra íptica o transmisores), tenga en cuenta las advertencias
siguientes:
v No retire las cubiertas. Si retira las cubiertas del producto láser, puede quedar
expuesto a radiaciín láser perjudicial. Dentro del dispositivo no existe ninguna
pieza que requiera mantenimiento.
v El uso de controles o ajustes o la realizaciín de procedimientos que no sean los
que se han especificado aquí pueden dar como resultado una exposiciín
perjudicial a las radiaciones.
PELIGRO
Algunos productos láser contienen un diodo de láser incorporado de Clase 3A o de
Clase 3B. Tenga en cuenta la advertencia siguiente.
Cuando se abre, hay radiaciín láser. No mire fijamente el rayo ni lleve a cabo
ningún examen directamente con instrumentos ípticos; evite la exposiciín directa al
rayo.
Appendix B. Related service information
157
Declaración 4
≥18 kg
≥32 kg
≥55 kg
PRECAUCIÓN:
Tome medidas de seguridad al levantar el producto.
Declaración 5
PRECAUCIÓN:
El botín de control de alimentaciín del dispositivo y el interruptor de alimentaciín de
la fuente de alimentaciín no apagan la corriente eléctrica suministrada al
dispositivo. Es posible también que el dispositivo tenga más de un cable de
alimentaciín. Para eliminar la corriente eléctrica del dispositivo, asegúrese de
desconectar todos los cables de alimentaciín de la fuente de alimentaciín.
2
1
Declaración 23
PRECAUCIÓN:
No coloque ningún objeto que pese más de 50 kg (110 libras) encima de los
dispositivos montados en bastidor.
158
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix C. Notices
This publication was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in
other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the
products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM
product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM
product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product,
program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be
used instead. However, it is the user’s responsibility to evaluate and verify the
operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter
described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any
license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing
IBM Corporation
North Castle Drive
Armonk, NY 10504-1785
U.S.A
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or
implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to
you.
This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be
incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or
changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any
time without notice.
Any references in this publication to non-IBM Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those
Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this
IBM product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes
appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
Edition notice
© COPYRIGHT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, 2002.
All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users — Documentation related to restricted rights —
Use, duplication or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in GSA ADP
Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
159
Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation
in the United States, other countries, or both:
Active Memory
Active PCI
Active PCI-X
Alert on LAN
C2T Inteconnect
Chipkill
EtherJet
e-business logo
FlashCopy
IBM
Intellistation
Light Path Diagnostics
NetBAY
Netfinity
NetView
NetVista
OS/2 WARP
Predictive Failure Analysis
PS/2
ServeRAID
ServerGuide
ServerProven
TechConnect
ThinkPad
Tivoli
Tivoli Enterprise
Update Connector
Wake on LAN
XA-32
XA-64
X-Architecture
XceL4
XpandOnDemand
xSeries
Lotus and Domino are trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Intel, Celeron, MMX, LANDesk, Pentium, Pentium II Xeon, Pentium III Xeon, and
Xeon are trademarks of Intel Corporation in the United States, other countries, or
both.
Microsoft, Windows, and Windows NT are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in
the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Other company, product, or service names may be the trademarks or service marks
of others.
Important notes
Processor speeds indicate the internal clock speed of the microprocessor; other
factors also affect application performance.
CD-ROM drive speeds list the variable read rate. Actual speeds vary and are often
less than the maximum possible.
When referring to processor storage, real and virtual storage, or channel volume,
KB stands for approximately 1000 bytes, MB stands for approximately 1000000
bytes, and GB stands for approximately 1000000000 bytes.
160
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
When referring to hard disk drive capacity or communications volume, MB stands
for 1 000 000 bytes, and GB stands for 1 000 000 000 bytes. Total user-accessible
capacity may vary depending on operating environments.
Maximum internal hard disk drive capacities assume the replacement of any
standard hard disk drives and population of all hard disk drive bays with the largest
currently supported drives available from IBM.
Maximum memory may require replacement of the standard memory with an
optional memory module.
IBM makes no representation or warranties regarding non-IBM products and
services that are ServerProven®, including but not limited to the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. These products are offered
and warranted solely by third parties.
Unless otherwise stated, IBM makes no representations or warranties with respect
to non-IBM products. Support (if any) for the non-IBM products is provided by the
third party, not IBM.
Some software may differ from its retail version (if available), and may not include
user manuals or all program functionality.
Electronic emission notices
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to
meet FCC emission limits. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors
must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits.IBM is not responsible for any
radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables
and connectors or by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by
unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or
modifications could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada
Appendix C. Notices
161
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement
Notice to Customers
This apparatus is approved under approval number NS/G/1234/J/100003 for indirect
connection to public telecommunication systems in the United Kingdom.
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council
Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any
failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a nonrecommended
modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A
Information Technology Equipment according to CISPR 22/European Standard EN
55022. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial
environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed
communication equipment.
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
Taiwan electrical emission statement
162
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) statement
Appendix C. Notices
163
164
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
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