Alcatel OmniSolutions User's guide Hubs and switches

Alcatel OmniSolutions User's guide Hubs and switches
Alcatel OmniSolutions
User's guide
Hubs and switches
for Small and Medium Enterprise
User's guid
Alcatel OmniSolution
Office 108/116 hubs
Office 208 switch
Office 216 switch
Office 224 switch
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
Contents
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ...................................................................................................... 2
PRODUCT FEATURES .......................................................................................................... 2
UNPACKING ....................................................................................................................... 2
EXTERNAL COMPONENTS .................................................................................................... 3
Front Panel .......................................................................................................................................... 3
INSTALLING THE HUB .......................................................................................................... 4
LED STATE INDICATORS..................................................................................................... 4
MAKING CONNECTIONS ....................................................................................................... 5
Connectivity Rules.............................................................................................................................. 5
Hub to End-Station Connection.......................................................................................................... 5
Hub-to-Hub Uplink .............................................................................................................................. 5
SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................. 6
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS:................................................................................................... 7
APPROVAL ......................................................................................................................... 7
Edition:1
1
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
Product Description
These hubs are designed to allow easy migration and integration between 10Mbps Ethernet and
100Mbps Fast Ethernet, while providing flexibility in cable connections.
They can operate with either IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T connections, or IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX
connections. All of the twisted-pair ports support Auto-Negotiation (NWay), allowing the hubs to
automatically detect the speed of a network connection.
These devices operate as a Class II Fast Ethernet repeater, allowing them to be linked to another
Class II Fast Ethernet hub in the same collision domain.
They contain a built-in switch, allowing them transparent bridging between the 10 Mbps and 100
Mbps segments.
Product Features
Complies with IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet and 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet class II repeater
standards.
Ethernet connections support Category 3 or better twisted-pair cables.
Fast Ethernet connections support both shielded twisted pair and Category 5 unshielded twisted-pair cables.
Eight NWay RJ-45 ports for Alcatel Office 108 hub and sixteen NWay RJ-45 ports for Alcatel Office 116 hub.
Built-in switching function supports bridging between 10Mbps and 100Mbps segments.
LED indicators for power, collisions, link, network activity, operating speed (10 or 100 Mbps), and switch
enabling.
Auto-partition protection.
Data collision detection and handling.
Preamble regeneration, signal re-timing.
Uplink port allows easy linking of two Fast Ethernet or four Ethernet hub stacks.
Built-in power supply. Automatic voltage selection (100V to 240V, 50 or 60Hz).
Unpacking
The package should contain the following items:
One dual-speed SOHO hub
One AC power cord
One external universal power adapter (only for Alcatel Office 108 hub)
Four rubber feet
CD Manual
Inspect the hub and all accompanying items. If any item is damaged or missing, report the problem
immediately to your networking equipment dealer.
Edition:1
2
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
External Components
Front Panel
Alcatel Office 108 hub
Alcatel Office 116 hub
LED Indicator Panel
Refer to the LED State Indicators section.
Twisted-Pair Ports*
Use any of these ports to connect stations to the hub. The ports are MDI-X ports, which means
you can use ordinary straight-through twisted-pair cable to connect the hub to PCs,
workstations, or servers through these ports. To connect to another device with MDI-X ports,
such as another hub or an Ethernet switch, use a crossover cable, or connect using the Uplink
port.
Uplink Port*
The Uplink port is an MDI port, which means you can connect the hub (or hub stack) to
another device with MDI-X ports using an ordinary straight-through cable, making a
crossover cable unnecessary.
Port 1 and the Uplink port are really the same port, except that their pinouts are different. Do not use
both Port 1 and the Uplink port at the same time.
* all ports described are available on the rear panel of Alcatel Office 108 hub.
Edition:1
3
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
Installing the Hub
Install the hub in a cool and dry place. See Specifications, for the acceptable temperature and humidity
operating ranges.
Install the hub in a site free from strong electromagnetic field generators (such as motors), vibration, dust,
and direct exposure to sunlight.
Leave at least 10cm of space at the front and rear of the hub for ventilation.
Install the hub on a sturdy, level surface that can support its weight.
When installing the hub on a level surface, attach the rubber feet to the bottom of each device. The
rubber feet cushion the hub and protect the hub case from scratches and prevent it from scratching
other surfaces.
LED State Indicators
Power Indicator (PWR)
This indicator lights green when the hub is receiving power; otherwise, it is off.
Collision Indicators (Collision 10M/ Collision 100M)
These indicators indicate data collisions on the respective 10Mbps Ethernet or 100Mbps Fast Ethernet
segments connected to the hub. (If several hubs are linked together, all of them should detect and
indicate the same collision, since collisions span the entire network segment.) Whenever a collision is
detected, the respective collision indicator will briefly blink amber.
Link (steady green)
The indicator of a port lights green when the port is connected to a powered Ethernet or Fast Ethernet
station. If the station to which the hub is connected is powered off, or if there is a problem with the link,
the LED will remain off.
Receive (Rx) (blinking green)
When information is received on a port, its indicator will blink off briefly. Upon reception, the data will be
transmitted to all other connected ports.
10/100 Port Speed Indicators
A port’s speed indicator should light green when a 100BASE-TX device is connected to the port,
and remain dark if the port is unconnected or if a 10BASE-T device is connected.
SW Enable Indicator
This indicator is always lit, showing that the switch function is enabled.
Edition:1
4
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
Making Connections
Connectivity Rules
Ethernet (10Mbps) networks need to respect the following connectivity rules:
The maximum length of a twisted-pair cable segment is 100 meters. Cabling should be Category 3 or better.
Between any two end-stations in a collision domain, there may be up to five cable segments and four
intermediate repeaters (hubs, hub stacks, or other repeaters).
If there is a path between any two end-stations containing five segments and four repeaters, then at least
two of the cable segments must be point-to-point link segments (e.g., 10BASE-T, 10BASE-FL), while the
remaining segments may be populated (mixing) segments (e.g., 10BASE-2 or 10BASE-5).
Fast Ethernet (100Mbps) networks need to respect the following connectivity rules:
The maximum length of a twisted-pair segment (that is, the distance between a port in the hub to a singleaddress network device such as a PC, server, or Ethernet switch) is 100 meters. Cabling and other wiring
should be certified as Category 5 or shielded twisted pair.
The maximum diameter in a collision domain is about 205 meters using two Class II hubs (or hub stacks).
Between any two end-stations in a collision domain, there may be up to three cable segments and two Class
II hubs or hub stacks.
Hub to End-Station Connection
After the hub properly installed, it can support up to eight or sixteen end-station connections. Fast
Ethernet connection requires either a Category 5 UTP cable or an STP cable. These cables can be up
to 100 meters long.
Ethernet connection requires a Category 3 or better UTP cable. It is recommended that you use
Category 5 cabling for all connections, in order to make it easier to transition all stations to 100Mbps.
You can connect any combination of PCs, servers, and other single-address network devices to any
ports using straight-through twisted-pair cables. These cables should not be crossed over. The
following figure illustrates the pin assignments for a straight-through cable:
When connecting a PC or a server, the system being connected should have an Ethernet or Fast
Ethernet network interface card with a twisted-pair port.
Hub-to-Hub Uplink
You can link another hub or hub stack using any of the twisted-pair ports or the Uplink port. Linking
hubs using ordinary twisted-pair ports requires crossover twisted-pair cables; linking using one
ordinary twisted-pair port and the Uplink port requires an ordinary straight-through twisted-pair
cable. The Uplink port is shared with Port 1, and you should not use both Port 1 and the Uplink port
at the same time.
When connecting two hubs or hub stacks in this fashion, the maximum distance between any two
end-stations in a collision domain is 205 meters. If each link between the hub and an end-station is
100 meters, then the hub-to-hub connection is limited to 5 meters. However, if the longest hub-toend-station connection is less than 100 meters, then the hub-to-hub connection can be up to 100
meters as long as the 205-meter total network diameter rule is followed.
Edition:1
5
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
The following table describes different methods of linking hubs (or hub stacks):
HUB PORT
USED
DEVICE
PORT TYPE
CABLE TO USE
Normal
Switch
Hub
or
Non-Uplink
Cross-over (X)
Normal
Switch
Hub
or
Uplink
Straight-Through (II)
Normal
Server
PC)
(or
Uplink
Switch
Hub
or
Non-Uplink
Straight-Through (II)
Uplink
Switch
Hub
or
Uplink
Cross-over (X)
Uplink
Server
PC)
(or
Straight-Through (II)
Cross-over (X)
A crossover cable is a straight-through
twisted-pair cable in which the wires have
been crossed. The figure below shows the pin
assignments for an Ethernet or Fast Ethernet
crossover cable:
NOTE: The first twisted-pair port (Port 1) is shared
with the Uplink port. If you connect a hub to
the Uplink port, then do not use Port
Specifications
Standards Compliance:
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet repeater, IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet repeater (Class II), ANSI
X3T9.5 Twisted-Pair Transceiver
Topology:
Star
Protocol:
CSMA/CD
Network Data Transfer Rate:
Ethernet: 10Mbps;
Fast Ethernet: 100Mbps
Number of Ports per Hub:
Alcatel Office 108 hub: 8, all dual-speed (10/100Mbps)
Alcatel Office 116 hub : 16, all dual-speed (10/100Mbps)
Network Cables:
10BASE-T: 2-pair UTP Cat. 3,4,5 (100m); EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm screened twisted pair (STP) (100m)
LED State Indicators:
Power, 10Mbps collision, 100Mbps collision, Link/ Receive, Speed (10/100Mbps), SW Enable
Power Supply:
100 to 240 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz internal universal power supply
Power Consumption:
Alcatel Office 108 hub : 8 watts max
Alcatel Office 116 hub: 24 watts max.
Dimensions:
Alcatel Office 108 hub : 198 mm (W) x 28 mm (H) x 115 mm (D)
Alcatel Office 116 hub : 324mm x 231mm x 44.5mm (12.76 x 9.1 x 1.75 inches)
Weight:
Alcatel Office 108 hub : 700 g (with external power adapter)
Alcatel Office 116 hub : 2.5 kg
Operating Temperature:
Alcatel Office 108 hub : 0° to 45°C (32°-113°F)
Alcatel Office 116 hub : -10° to 55°C (14°-131°F)
Storage Temperature:
-25° to 55°C (13°-131°F)
Humidity:
5%-95% non-condensing
DC Fan:
Alcatel Office 116 hub: 40mm x 40mm x 10mm
EMI:
Alcatel Office 108 hub : FCC Class B, CE Mark Class B, C-tick
Alcatel Office 116 hub : FCC Class A, CE Mark Class A, C-Tick
Safety
Edition:1
CE Mark ( EN60950) , UL, CSA
6
User's guide
Alcatel Office 108/116 hubs
Guarantee conditions:
Irrespective of the applicable statutory guarantees, this equipment is guaranteed for a period of two years,
from the date of purchase (invoice date), in respect of all parts and repair charges. However, this guarantee
shall not be applicable if the equipment has been used in any way contrary the instruction given in this
manual, in case of damage due to causes outside the equipment itself, if the equipment installation is/was
not compliant with applicable regulations, if the equipment has been modified in any way or if repair work
has been carried out by persons not approved by the manufacturer or retailer.
Approval
FCC Warning
Alcatel Office 116 Hub has been tested and found to comply with the regulations for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
user‘s guide, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
CE Mark
The CE marking indicates that these products comply with the European Community directives in effect, and
the following directives in particular:
• 89/336/CEE (electromagnetic compatibility)
• 73/23/CEE(low voltage)
WARNING: Alcatel Office 116 Hub is Class A products. In a domestic environment, these products may
cause radio interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
© Alcatel Business Systems 2000. All rights reserved
Alcatel Business Systems, in keeping with its policy of constant product improvement for the customer,
reserves the right to modify product specifications without prior notice.
Edition:1
7
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Contents
PERFORMANCE FEATURES .................................................................................................. 2
FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................... 2
REAR PANEL...................................................................................................................... 2
LED INDICATORS ............................................................................................................... 3
C ONNECTING THE SWITCH................................................................................................... 3
Cables.................................................................................................................................................. 3
Connecting Computers, Hubs, Switches and Other Devices............................................................ 4
Using a straight cable ......................................................................................................................... 4
Using a crossover cable ..................................................................................................................... 4
C ROSSOVER C ABLES ......................................................................................................... 5
SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................................. 6
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS:................................................................................................... 7
A PPROVAL ......................................................................................................................... 7
Edition:1
1
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Performance Features
♦ Eight UTP/STP ports. All ports are 10/100 Mbps dual-speed, NWay, Full/Half duplex.
Uplink (MDI-II port for straight-through connections to another switch, hub or repeater.
Store and forward switching scheme ensures data integrity.
Auto-polarity feature corrects reversed polarity on the transmit and receive twisted-pairs for each port.
100% full wire speed data forwarding for 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet (148,800 pps) and 10 Mbps Ethernet
(14,880 pps) on all ports.
Data filtering eliminates all bad packets (CRC Align errors, runts, fragments, etc.) at 100% wire-speed for all
ports.
Up to 8k active MAC address entry with self- learning and table aging.
1MB memory with dynamic port buffering reduces lost packets.
Front Panel
The front panel consists of the LED indicators of the switch: Power, 100M, Link/Act and FDX. The
LED indicators are used to facilitate monitoring and troubleshooting.
Figure 1 – Front panel view of the Alcatel Office 208 switch
Rear Panel
The rear panel of the Alcatel Office 208 switch consists an DC power connector, 8 (10/100 Mbps MDIX) ports, and 1 Uplink (MDI-II) port. All ports are 10/100 Mbps dual-speed, NWay enabled Full/Half
duplex. Do not use Port 1x and the Uplink port at the same time.
Figure 2 – Rear panel view of the Alcatel Office 208 switch
AC Power Adapter. Supported input voltages for the power adapter range from 90 ~ 230 VAC at 50 ~ 60
Hz. The switch requires 5 VDC / 2.5 Amp.
Edition:1
2
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
LED Indicators
The LED indicators of the switch include Power, Speed, Link/Activity and Duplex Mode. The LED
indicators are used to facilitate monitoring and troubleshooting of the switch. The following shows
the LED indicators for the switch along with an explanation of each indicator.
Figure 3 – The Alcatel Office 208 switch LED indicators
Power This indicator operates when the switch has power. If this indicator is not lit, check the DC power
connector and wall jack to ensure proper insertion of the power cord.
100M The LED indicator lights green when a 100 Mbps device is connected to a respective port or the
uplink port. If a 10 Mbps device is connected to a respective port or the uplink port, the LED indicator is
OFF.
Link/Act These LED indicators are lighted up green when there is a secure connection (or link) to a device
at the analogous port. The LED indicators blink green whenever there is reception or transmission (activity)
of data occurring at a port.
FDX This LED indicator is green when a port is in full duplex (FDX) mode and it is OFF for half duplex
(HDX) operations. It blinks when collisions are occurring on the respective port.
Connecting the Switch
Cables
♦ The EIA/TIA 568 Wiring standard imposes a 100 meter limit on horizontal runs of twisted-pair
cables; in this case, from the switch to any other device.
♦ 10 Mbps Ethernet connections must use Category 3 or better twisted-pair cabling fitted with RJ-45
connectors.
♦ 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet connections must use shielded twisted pair (STP) or Category 5 or better
unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cables fitted with Category 5 RJ-45 connectors.
We recommend using Category 5 cabling for all connections in order to make it easier to transition
all stations to 100 Mbps.
Different connection schemes require different types of cabling. Please use the following chart when
choosing cables:
DEVICE
PORT
USED
Normal
Switch
DEVICE BEING
CONNECTED
Hub or
Switch
PORT TYPE
Normal
Crossover (X)
Uplink
Straight (||)
Straight (||)
Uplink
Crossover (X)
Normal
Straight (||)
Server (or PC)
Uplink
Hub or
Switch
Server (or PC)
CABLE TO USE
Crossover (X)
A crossover cable is a normal straight-through twisted-pair cable in which the wires have been
crossed at one end. Please refer to the Crossover Cables section of this guide for more detailed
information.
Edition:1
3
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Connecting Computers, Hubs, Switches and Other Devices
One or more 10BASE-T, 10/100 dual-speed or 100Base-TX devices (including computers, servers,
hubs, switches, bridges, routers, etc.) can be connected to the Alcatel Office 208 switch Dual-speed
Switch via a two-pair Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP straight twisted-pair cable. In the case of a 10 Mbps
Ethernet device, a Category 3, 4 or 5 UTP/STP cable can be used; a 10/100 dual-speed or 100 Mbps
Fast Ethernet device requires Category 5 or better UTP/STP.
Any 10BASE-T Ethernet, 10/100 dual-speed or 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet networking device can be
connected to the Alcatel Office 208 switch via the eight twisted-pair ports. The cable connecting the
device and the switch cannot exceed 100 meters in length. Devices can be plugged into the switch
while the power is on.
The speed (10 or 100 Mbps) and duplex mode (full or half) of the connection will be automatically
configured by the built-in NWay feature at the time of the connection. Since all ports on the Alcatel
Office 208 switch are dual-speed and capable of full and half duplex operation, the settings chosen
by NWay will depend on the capabilities of the device being connected.
Figure 4 – Alcatel Office 208 switch connected to a hub and a switch
NOTE: The first twisted-pair port (Port 1x) is shared with the Uplink port. If you connect a hub to the Uplink
port, then do not use Port 1x (and vice-versa). Never have devices connected to the Uplink port
and Port 1x at the same time.
Using a straight cable
The connection shown in Figure 5 uses a normal straight-through cable (the same as used to
connect a computer) to connect the Uplink port on the Alcatel Office 208 switch to a normal twistedpair port on the other switch. Alternatively, a straight cable can be used to connect any of the nonUplink (MDI-X) twisted-pair ports on the Alcatel Office 208 switch to an Uplink (MDI-II) port on the
device being connected.
Please note that a straight-through cable is always used when connecting an MDI-X port to an MDI-II
port.
Using a crossover cable
The connection shown in Figure 5 uses a crossover cable to connect the (MDI-X) Port 2x on the
Alcatel Office 208 switch to a normal twisted-pair (MDI-X) port on the hub. Using a crossover cable is
also necessary when connecting an (MDI-II) Uplink port to another (MDI-II) Uplink port or NIC. More
detailed information about crossover cables can be found in the Crossover Cables section of this
guide.
Please note that a crossover cable must be used whenever connecting an MDI-II port to an MDI-II port
or when connecting an MDI-X port to an MDI-X port.
Edition:1
4
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Crossover Cables
When connecting the switch to another device such as a switch, bridge, router or hub a crossover
cable may be necessary. The following diagrams and tables show the standard RJ-45
receptacle/connector and their pin assignments.
RJ-45 Pin Assignments
Contac
t
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
MDI-X Port
MDI-II Port
RD+ (receive)
RD- (receive)
TD+ (transmit)
Not used
Not used
TD- (transmit)
Not used
Not used
TD+ (transmit)
TD- (transmit)
RD+ (receive)
Not used
Not used
RD- (receive)
Not used
Not used
The standard RJ-45 pin assignments
With a crossover cable, two pairs of wires are switched at one connector end. Carry out the following
steps to create a customized, crossover twisted-pair cable:
1. Leave one end of the cable as is, with the RJ-45 connector intact. The wiring at just one end of the
cable needs to be modified.
2. At the other end of the cable, connect wires 1 and 2 to contacts 3 and 6, respectively. Likewise,
connect wires 3 and 6 to contacts 1 and 2. Refer to the following diagram:
Figure 5 – Crossover cable for use with MDI-X to MDI-X and/or MDI-II to MDI-II
Edition:1
5
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Specifications
Standards:
Protocol:
Data Transfer Rate: Ethernet:
General
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet
ANSI/IEEE Std 802.3 NWay auto-negotiation
CSMA/CD
10 Mbps (half duplex)
20 Mbps (full duplex)
Fast Ethernet:
Topology:
Network Cables:
10Base-T:
100Base-TX:
Number of Ports:
Media Interface Exchange:
DC inputs:
Power Adapter:
Power Consumption:
Operating Temperature:
Storage Temperature:
Humidity:
Dimensions:
Weight:
EMI:
Safety:
100Mbps (half duplex)
200Mbps (full duplex)
Star
2-pair UTP Category 3,4,5 (100 m)
EIA/TIA- 568 100-ohm STP (100m)
2-pair UTP Cat. 5 (100 m)
EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm STP (100m)
8 x 10/100 Mbps MDI-X ports
MDI-II RJ-45 shared with port 1x
5 VDC, 2.5 Amp
90 - 230 VAC, 50/60 Hz (external universal power
supply)
8 watts maximum
32 °~ 131 °F (0 °~ 55 °C)
13 °~ 131 °F (-25 °~ 55 °C)
5% ~ 95% non-condensing
197x115x28 mm (1U)
1.5 Kg
CE Mark Class B , C-Tick Class B , FCC Class B , VCCI
Class B
UL (UL 1950), CSA (CSA950), CE Mark (EN60950)
Performance
Transmission Method:
RAM Buffer:
Filtering Address Table:
Packet Filtering/Forwarding Rate:
MAC Address Learning:
Edition:1
Store-and-forward
1MB bytes per device
Up to 8k entries per device
148,800 pps per port (for 100Mbps)
14,880 pps per port (for 10Mbps)
Automatic update
Max age: fixed
6
User's guide
Alcatel Office 208 switch
Guarantee conditions:
Irrespective of the applicable statutory guarantees, this equipment is guaranteed for a period of two years,
from the date of purchase (invoice date), in respect of all parts and repair charges. However, this guarantee
shall not be applicable if the equipment has been used in any way contrary the instruction given in this
manual, in case of damage due to causes outside the equipment itself, if the equipment installation is/was
not compliant with applicable regulations, if the equipment has been modified in any way or if repair work
has been carried out by persons not approved by the manufacturer or retailer.
Approval
CE Mark
The CE marking indicates that these products comply with the European Community directives in effect, and
the following directives in particular:
• 89/336/CEE (electromagnetic compatibility)
• 73/23/CEE(low voltage)
.
© Alcatel Business Systems 2000. All rights reserved
Alcatel Business Systems, in keeping with its policy of constant product improvement for the customer,
reserves the right to modify product specifications without prior notice.
Edition:1
7
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Contents
ABOUT THIS GUIDE ............................................................................................................................. 2
PURPOSE ........................................................................................................................... 2
TERMS/USAGE ................................................................................................................... 2
OVERVIEW OF THIS USER’S GUIDE ....................................................................................... 2
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 3
FAST ETHERNET TECHNOLOGY ........................................................................................... 3
SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY ................................................................................................... 3
FEATURES ......................................................................................................................... 4
UNPACKING AND SETUP ................................................................................................. 5
UNPACKING ....................................................................................................................... 5
SETUP ............................................................................................................................... 5
IDENTIFYING EXTERNAL COMPONENTS ....................................................................... 5
FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................... 5
REAR PANEL ...................................................................................................................... 6
LED INDICATORS ............................................................................................................... 6
CONNECTING THE SWITCH............................................................................................. 7
PC TO SWITCH ................................................................................................................... 7
HUB TO SWITCH ................................................................................................................. 7
10BASE-T Hub..................................................................................................................................... 7
100BASE-TX Hub ................................................................................................................................ 7
HUB WITHOUT UPLINK (MDI-II) PORT ................................................................................... 7
Using straight cable ............................................................................................................................ 7
Using crossover cable ........................................................................................................................ 7
SWITCH TO SWITCH (OTHER DEVICES) .................................................................................. 8
Using straight cable ............................................................................................................................ 8
Using crossover cable ........................................................................................................................ 8
PORT SPEED & DUPLEX MODE............................................................................................ 8
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................................................... 9
RJ-45 PIN SPECIFICATION ............................................................................................. 10
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS ............................................................................................ 11
APPROVAL....................................................................................................................... 11
FCC WARNING .........................................................................ERREUR! SIGNET NON DÉFINI.
CE MARK ........................................................................................................................ 11
Edition:1
1
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
About This Guide
Congratulations on your purchase of the 16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch. This device
integrates 100Mbps Fast Ethernet and 10Mbps Ethernet network capabilities in a highly flexible
desktop package.
Purpose
This manual discusses how to install your 16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch.
Terms/Usage
In this guide, the term “Switch” (first letter upper case) refers to your 16-port 10/100M NWay Fast
Ethernet Alcatel Office 216 switch, and ”switch” (first letter lower case) refers to other Ethernet
switches.
Overview of this User’s Guide
Chapter 1, Introduction. Describes the Switch and its features.
Chapter 2, Unpacking and Setup. Helps you get started with the basic installation of the Switch.
Chapter 3, Identifying External Components. Describes the front panel, rear panel and LED indicators of the
Switch.
Chapter 4, Connecting the Switch. Tells how you can connect the Switch to your Ethernet network.
Appendix A, Technical Specifications. Lists the technical (general, physical and environmental, and
performance) specifications of the Switch.
Appendix B, RJ-45 Pin Specification. Describes the RJ-45 receptacle/connector and the straight and
crossover cable connector.
Edition:1
2
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Introduction
This chapter describes the features of the Switch and some background information about
Ethernet/Fast Ethernet switching technology.
Fast Ethernet Technology
The growing importance of LANs and the increasing complexity of desktop computing applications
are fueling the need for high performance networks. A number of high-speed LAN technologies have
been proposed to provide greater bandwidth and improve client/server response times. Among
them, 100BASE-T (Fast Ethernet) provides a non-disruptive, smooth evolution from the current
10BASE-T technology. The non-disruptive and smooth evolution nature, and the dominating
potential market base, virtually guarantee cost effective and high performance Fast Ethernet
solutions in the years to come.
100Mbps Fast Ethernet is a new standard specified by the IEEE 802.3 LAN committee. It is an
extension of the 10Mbps Ethernet standard with the ability to transmit and receive data at 100Mbps,
while maintaining the CSMA/CD Ethernet protocol. Since the 100Mbps Fast Ethernet is compatible
with all other 10Mbps Ethernet environments, it provides a straightforward upgrade and takes
advantage of the existing investment in hardware, software, and personnel training.
Switching Technology
Another approach to pushing beyond the limits of Ethernet technology is the development of
switching technology. A switch bridge Ethernet packets at the MAC address level of the Ethernet
protocol transmitting among connected Ethernet or Fast Ethernet LAN segments.
Switching is a cost-effective way of increasing the total network capacity available to users on a local
area network. A switch increases capacity and decreases network loading by dividing a local area
network into different segments, which don’t compete with each other for network transmission
capacity.
The switch acts as a high-speed selective bridge between the individual segments. The switch,
without interfering with any other segments, automatically forwards traffic that needs to go from one
segment to another. By doing this the total network capacity is multiplied, while still maintaining the
same network cabling and adapter cards.
For Fast Ethernet networks, a switch is an effective way of eliminating problems of chaining hubs
beyond the “two-repeater limit.” A switch can be used to split parts of the network into different
collision domains, making it possible to expand your Fast Ethernet network beyond the 205-meter
network diameter limit for 100BASE-TX networks. Switches supporting both traditional 10Mbps
Ethernet and 100Mbps Fast Ethernet are also ideal for bridging between the existing 10Mbps
networks and the new 100Mbps networks.
Switching LAN technology is a marked improvement over the previous generation of network
bridges, which were characterized by higher latencies. Routers have also been used to segment
local area networks, but the cost of a router; the setup and maintenance required make routers
relatively impractical. Today switches are an ideal solution to most kinds of local area network
congestion problems.
Edition:1
3
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Features
The Switch was designed for easy installation and high performance in an environment where traffic
on the network and the number of user increase continuously.
The Switch with their small, desktop size were specifically designed for small to middle workgroups.
This Switch can be installed where space is limited; moreover, they provide immediate access to a
rapidly growing network through a wide range of user-reliable functions.
The Switch is ideal for deployment with multiple high-speed servers for shared bandwidth 10Mbps or
100Mbps workgroups. With the highest bandwidth 200Mbps (100Mbps full-duplex mode), any port
can provide workstations with a congestion-free data pipe for simultaneous access to the server.
The Switch is expandable by cascading two or more switches together. As all ports support
200Mbps, the Switch can be cascaded from any port and to any number of switches.
The Switch is a perfect choice for site planning to upgrade to Fast Ethernet in the future. Ethernet
workgroups can connect to the Switch now, and change adapters and hubs anytime later without
needing to change the Switch or reconfigure the network.
The Switch combine dynamic memory allocation with store-and-forward switching to ensure that the
buffer is effectively allocated for each port, while controlling the data flow between the transmit and
receive nodes to guarantee against all possible packet loss.
The Switch is an unmanaged 10/100 Fast Ethernet Switch that offers solutions in accelerating small
Ethernet workgroup bandwidth. Other key features are:
Uplink/ MDI-II (media dependent interface) port for uplink to another switch, hub or repeater.
Store and forward switching scheme capability. As the result of complete frame checking and error frame
filtering, this scheme prevents error packages from transmitting among segments.
NWay Auto-negotiation for any port. This allows for auto-sensing of speed (10/100Mbps) thereby providing
you with automatic and flexible solutions in your network connections.
Flow control for any port. This minimizes dropped packets by sending out collision signals when the port’s
receiving buffer is full. Note that flow control is only available in half duplex mode.
Data forwarding rate per port is at wire-speed for 100Mbps speed.
Data forwarding rate per port is at wire-speed for 10Mbps speed.
Data filtering rate eliminates all error packets, runts, etc., per port at wire-speed for 100Mbps speed.
Data filtering rate eliminates all error packets, runts, etc., per port at wire-speed for 10Mbps speed.
Up to 16K active MAC address entry table with self-learning and table-aging.
1MBytes RAM buffers per device.
Edition:1
4
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Unpacking and Setup
This chapter provides unpacking and setup information for the Switch.
Unpacking
Open the shipping cartons of the Switch and carefully unpacks its contents. The carton should
contain the following items:
One 16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch
One external power adapter
CD Manual
If any item is found missing or damaged, please contact your local reseller for replacement.
Setup
The setup of the Switch can be performed using the following steps:
The surface must support at least 1.5 Kg for the Switch.
The power outlet should be within 1.82 meters (6 feet) of the Switch.
Visually inspect the DC power jack and make sure that it is fully secured to the power adapter.
Make sure that there is proper heat dissipation from and adequate ventilation around the Switch. Do not
place heavy objects on the Switch.
Identifying External Components
This section identifies all the major external components of the switch. Both the front and rear
panels are shown, followed by a description of each panel feature. The indicator panel is described
in detail in the next chapter.
Front Panel
The figure below shows the front panels of the switch. LED Indicator Panel:
16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch
Refer to the LED Indicator section for detailed information about each of the Switch's LED indicators.
Edition:1
5
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Rear Panel
16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch
DC Power Jack: Power is supplied through an external AC power adapter.
specification section for information about the AC power input voltage.
Check the technical
Since the switch does not include a power switch, plugging its power adapter into a power outlet will
immediately power it on.
MDI-X Jacks: Use these jacks to connect stations to the hub. These are MDI-X (Medium-Dependent
Interface, Cross-wired) jacks, which mean, you can use ordinary straight-through twisted-pair cables to
connect user machines and servers to the hub through them. If you need to connect another device with an
MDI-X jack, such as another hub or an Ethernet switch, you should use a crossover cable, or make the
connection using the MDI-X jack (described below). For more information about crossover connections.
Uplink Jacks (MDI-II): Use these jacks to connect stations to the hub. This is MDI-II (Medium-dependent
Interface, straight-wired) jack, which means you can connect the hub to a device with a MDI-X port using an
ordinary straight-through cable, making a crossover cable unnecessary.
LED Indicators
Power Indicator (PWR)
This indicator lights green when the hub is receiving power, otherwise, it is off.
Full/Hanf Duplex,10/100M Collision (FDX10/100(green),COL 10/100(amber))
This LED indicator light green when a respective port is in full duplex (FDX) mode. Otherwise, it is OFF
for half duplex (HDX) operations. It blinking amber when collisions are occurring on the respective port.
100M Link/Activity,10M Link/Activity
(100M LINK/ACT(green), 10LINK/ACT(amber))
This indicator light green when the port is connected to a 100Mbps Fast Ethernet station, if the indicator
blinking green will be transmissing or received data on the 100Mbps network. Otherwise, if the indicator
light amber when the port is connected to a 10Mbps Ethernet station, if the indicator blinking amber will
be transmissing or received data on the 10Mbps network.
Edition:1
6
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Connecting The Switch
This chapter describes how to connect the Switch to your Fast Ethernet network.
PC to Switch
A PC can be connected to the Switch via a two-pair Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP straight cable. The PC
(equipped with a RJ-45 10/100Mbps phone jack) should be connected to any of the 16 ports (1x 16x).
The LED indicators for PC connection dependent on the LAN card capabilities. If LED indicators are
not light after making a proper connection, check the PC LAN card, the cable, the Switch conditions
and connections.
The following are LED indicator possibilities for a PC to Switch connection:
1. The 100LINK/ACT, 10LINK/ACT LED indicator light green for hookup to 100Mbps speed or light
amber for hookup to 10Mbps speed.
2. The FDX 10/100,COL 10/100 LED indicator depends upon LAN card capabilities for full-duplex or
half-duplex.
Hub to Switch
A hub (10 or 100BASE-TX) can be connected to the Switch via a two-pair Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP
straight cable. The connection is accomplished from the hub uplink (MDI-II) port to any of the Switch
(MDI-X) ports: 1x - 16x.
10BASE-T Hub
For a 10BASE-T hub, the Switch LED indicators should light up as the following:
FDX 10/100, COL 10/100 LED indicator is OFF.
100LINK/ACT, 10LINK/ACT LED indicator is light amber.
100BASE-TX Hub
For a 100BASE-TX hub, the Switch LED indicators should light up as the following:
FDX 10/100,COL 10/100 LED indicator is OFF.
100LINK/ACT,10LINK/ACT LED indicator is light green.
Hub without Uplink (MDI-II) port
If a hub is not equipped with an uplink (MDI-II) port, connection can be made using either straight
cable or crossover cable.
Using straight cable
When using straight cable, the connection can be made from the uplink (MDI-II) port of the Switch to
any port of the Hub.
Using crossover cable
When using crossover cable, the connection can be made from any ports of the Switch to any port of
the Hub.
Edition:1
7
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Switch to Switch (other devices)
The Switch can be connected to another switch or other devices (routers, bridges, etc.) via a two-pair
Category 3, 4, 5 UTP/STP straight or crossover cable.
Using straight cable
When using straight cable, this is done from the uplink (MDI-II) port of the Switch (Switch A) to any of
the 10Mbps or 100Mbps (MDI-X) port of the other switch (switch B) or other devices.
Using crossover cable
When using crossover cable, this is done from any (MDI-X) port of the Switch (Switch A) to any of the
10Mbps, 100Mbps (MDI-X) port of the other switch (switch B) or other devices.
1.
The 100LINK/ACT, 10LINK/ACT LED indicator light green for hookup to 100Mbps speed or light
amber for hookup to 10Mbps speed.
2.
The FDX 10/100,COL 10/100 LED indicator depends upon LAN card capabilities for full-duplex or
half-duplex
Port Speed & Duplex Mode
After plugging the selected cable to a specific port, the system uses auto-negotiation to determine the
transmission mode for any new twisted-pair connection:
If the attached device does not support auto-negotiation or has auto-negotiation disabled, an auto-sensing
process is initiated to select the speed and set the duplex mode to half-duplex.
Edition:1
8
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Technical Specifications
General
Standards
IEEE 802.3 10Base-T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100 Base-TX Fast Ethernet
ANSI/IEEE Std 802.3 NWay auto-negotiation
Protocol
CSMA/CD
Data
Transfer
Rate
Ethernet: 10Mbps (half duplex)
20Mbps (full duplex)
Fast Ethernet: 100Mbps (half duplex)
200Mbps (full duplex)
Topology
Star
Network
Cables
10BASET: 2-pair UTP Cat. 3,4,5 (100 m), EIA/TIA- 568 100-ohm STP (100 m)
100BASE-TX: 2-pair UTP Cat. 5 (100 m), EIA/TIA-568 100-ohm STP (100 m)
Number of
Ports
16 x 10/100Mbps ports
Uplink
Port
MDI-II RJ-45 x 2
Physical and Environmental
DC inputs
DC5V/5A
Power Consumption
25 watts. (max.)
Temperature
Operating: -10°~ 50°C, Storage: -10°~ 70°C
Humidity
Operating: 10% ~ 90%, Storage: 5% ~ 90%
Dimensions
184 x 124 x 44 mm (W x H x D)
EMI:
FCC Class B, CE Mark B, VCCI-II
Safety:
UL (1950) , CE Mark (EN60950)
Performance
Transmission Method:
Store-and-forward
RAM Buffer:
1Mbytes per device
Filtering Address Table:
Up to 16K entries per device
Packet Filtering/Forwarding Rate:
10Mbps Ethernet: 14,880/pps
100Mbps Fast Ethernet: 148,800/pps
MAC Address Learning:
Edition:1
Automatic update
9
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
RJ-45 Pin Specification
When connecting your 16-port 10/100M NWay Fast Ethernet Switch to another switch, a bridge or a
hub, a modified crossover cable is necessary. Please review these products for matching cable pin
assignment.
The following diagram and tables show the standard RJ-45 receptacle/connector and their pin
assignments for the switch-to-network adapter card connection, and the straight / crossover cable
for the Switch-to-switch/hub/bridge connection.
RJ-45 Connector pin assignment
Contact
Media Direct Interface Signal
1
TX + (transmit)
2
TX - (transmit)
3
Rx + (receive)
4
Not used
5
Not used
6
Rx - (receive)
7
Not used
8
Not used
The standard cable, RJ-45 pin assignment
The standard RJ-45 receptacle/connector
The following shows straight cable and crossover cable connection:
Straight cable for Switch (uplink MDI-II port) to switch/Hub or other devices connection
Crossover cable for Switch (MDI-X port) to switch/hub or other network devices (MDI-X port)
connection
Edition:1
10
User's guide
Alcatel Office 216 switch
Guarantee conditions
Irrespective of the applicable statutory guarantees, this equipment is guaranteed for a period of two years,
from the date of purchase (invoice date), in respect of all parts and repair charges. However, this guarantee
shall not be applicable if the equipment has been used in any way contrary the instruction given in this
manual, in case of damage due to causes outside the equipment itself, if the equipment installation is/was
not compliant with applicable regulations, if the equipment has been modified in any way or if repair work
has been carried out by persons not approved by the manufacturer or retailer.
Approval
CE Mark
The CE marking indicates that these products comply with the European Community directives in effect, and
the following directives in particular:
• 89/336/CEE (electromagnetic compatibility)
• 73/23/CEE(low voltage)
© Alcatel Business Systems 2000. All rights reserved
Alcatel Business Systems, in keeping with its policy of constant product improvement for the customer,
reserves the right to modify product specifications without prior notice.
Edition:1
11
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Contents
ABOUT THIS GUIDE .......................................................................................................... 2
AUDIENCE .......................................................................................................................... 2
ORGANIZATION ................................................................................................................... 2
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................. 3
FEATURES ......................................................................................................................... 3
FRONT PANEL .................................................................................................................... 3
SIDE PANEL ....................................................................................................................... 4
REAR PANEL ...................................................................................................................... 4
MANAGEMENT .................................................................................................................... 4
INSTALLING THE ALCATEL OFFICE 224 SWITCH .......................................................... 5
UNPACKING THE ALCATEL OFFICE 224 SWITCH .................................................................... 5
INSTALLATION OPTIONS ...................................................................................................... 5
Desktop/Shelf Installation................................................................................................................... 5
Rack Installation.................................................................................................................................. 7
POWER ON ........................................................................................................................ 8
NETWORK CONNECTIONS .............................................................................................. 8
CABLE SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................................... 8
Copper Cable....................................................................................................................................... 8
PORTS ............................................................................................................................. 10
RS-232 Port ....................................................................................................................................... 10
MDI-II Uplink Port .............................................................................................................................. 10
MDI-X Ports ....................................................................................................................................... 10
LEDS................................................................................................................................. 11
POWER ............................................................................................................................ 11
LINK/ ACT/ COLLISION .................................................................................................... 11
100MBPS/ 10MBPS .......................................................................................................... 11
MANAGING THE ALCATEL OFFICE 224 SWITCH ......................................................... 12
PANEL CONVENTIONS ....................................................................................................... 12
PANELS ........................................................................................................................... 13
PORT ................................................................................................................................ 13
PHYSICAL ........................................................................................................................ 13
FLOW CONTROL ............................................................................................................. 13
LINK STATUS ................................................................................................................... 13
CONFIGURATION EXAMPLES .............................................................................................. 14
TROUBLESHOOTING ...................................................................................................... 16
APPENDIX A..................................................................................................................... 17
ALCATEL OFFICE 224 SWITCH TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................. 17
Switch Specifications ....................................................................................................................... 17
Port Specifications............................................................................................................................ 17
INDEX .............................................................................................................................. 19
GUARANTEE CONDITIONS ............................................................................................ 20
APPROVAL....................................................................................................................... 20
FCC WARNING ................................................................................................................ 20
CE MARK ........................................................................................................................ 20
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
About This Guide
This section defines the scope of this guide and gives a summary of the contents of each chapter. It
describes the features of the Alcatel Office 224 switch 10/100 Auto Negotiation. Henceforth this
manual will refer to the Alcatel Office 224 switch 10/100 Auto Negotiation as the Alcatel Office 224
switch. Information about the Alcatel Office 224 switch and other Alcatel products is available on our
web site.
Audience
This user guide is intended for the networking or computer technician who is installing the Alcatel
Office 224 switch on a network. Refer to other sources for information about networking in general.
All the information you need to install the Alcatel Office 224 switch is contained in this user guide.
Organization
Chapter 1, Introduction, gives and physical a functional overview of the Alcatel Office 224 switch.
Features, LED panel and management settings are covered.
Chapter 2, Installing the Alcatel Office 224 switch, covers installing and powering on the Alcatel
Office 224 switch.
Chapter 3, Connecting the Alcatel Office 224 switch to the Network, covers network connections,
cable specifications and maximum cable length.
Chapter 4, LEDs, covers reading and interpreting the LED panel.
Chapter 5, Managing the Alcatel Office 224 switch, covers the menus and configurations available.
Chapter 6, Troubleshooting, covers troubleshooting the Alcatel Office 224 switch.
Appendix A, Alcatel Office 224 switch Technical Specifications, covers the technical specifications of
the Alcatel Office 224 switch.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Introduction
This chapter gives a physical and functional overview of the Alcatel Office 224 switch. The Alcatel
Office 224 switch is an unmanaged switch, designed for use on small and medium sized networks
that require the ability to switch between 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps. The Alcatel Office 224 switch can
be used in conjunction with other switches and hubs.
The chapter is divided into several sections. Each section describes the features of the Alcatel Office
224 switch. Many of the topics covered will be dealt with in more detail later in the manual.
The topics covered are:
• Summary of Features
• Explanation of Front and Rear Panels
• Management
Features
The Alcatel Office 224 switch has the following features:
24 NWAY 10/100-TX Fast Ethernet Ports.
All ports support both Full Duplex and Half Duplex operation and are configurable with
detection and correcting.
polarity
Wire speed packet filtering and forwarding.
Per port LED to indicate link, activity, speed and operation modes.
Configuration data held in EEPROM, controlled by an embedded micro-controller.
Integrated address management, including Layer-2 address resolution, self learning
Supports up to 8K unicast addresses.
Low-power design operating at 3.3V.
RS-232 console port allows user to configure switch ports.
All ports support store and forward.
Packet forwarding rate at 148,810 packets per second in 100 Mbps
Front Panel
The Alcatel Office 224 switch is designed for management at a glance. The LEDs on the front panel of
the Alcatel Office 224 switch allow you to monitor performance at a glance. It is not necessary to
connect to the Alcatel Office 224 switch in order to check performance or verify that a port is
working.
There are 24 ports located on the front. Each of the ports can be used for network connection. The
MDI-II Uplink port and port 1 are connected. You cannot use both ports simultaneously.
The MDI-II port is used to connect to switches and hubs that do not have uplink ports.
Powe
Link/ Act/ Collision
MDI-II Uplink
100Mbps/10M
Figure 1: Alcatel Office 224 switch Front Panel
MDI-X
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Side Panel
There are two fans. The fans come on when the Alcatel Office 224 switch is powered on. The three
holes on each side of the Alcatel Office 224 switch are used to attach the mounting brackets.
There are heat vents located on the side opposite the fans. The fans and the heat vents help to cool
the Alcatel Office 224 switch. Always leave five centimeters of space around the Alcatel Office 224
switch for air circulation.
40 mm Fan
40 mm Fan
Figure 2: Side Panel
Rear Panel
The three pronged power plug, female RS-232 Console port and rear fan are located at the rear of the
Alcatel Office 224 switch, shown in Figure 3. During installation, leave enough room to allow you to
plug in the power cable and attach the RS-232 cable for Local Console Management.
RS-232 Port
Fan
Power Connec tor
Figure 3: Rear View
Management
The Alcatel Office 224 switch is an unmanaged switch. The only management options are setting port
speed and duplex mode, and enabling and disabling flow control. The only way of changing the
default settings is through a physical connection with an RS-232 cable.
The Alcatel Office 224 switch does not have an IP address. It can not be monitored using SNMP and
RMON.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Installing the Alcatel Office 224 switch
This chapter covers the following:
Unpacking the Alcatel Office 224 switch
Installation options and instructions
Powering on the Alcatel Office 224 switch
Unpacking the Alcatel Office 224 switch
Open the box and carefully unpack the Alcatel Office 224 switch. You should have all the items on
the following checklist:
Alcatel Office 224 switch 10/100 Auto Negotiation Switch
RS-232 DCE serial cable
Two mounting brackets and six screws
Four rubber pads with adhesive backing
One 1.82 m (6 foot) power cord
CD Manual
If any items are missing, contact the retailer where you purchased the Alcatel Office 224 switch for
assistance.
Installation Options
There are two options for installing the Alcatel Office 224 switch: desktop/shelf installation or rack
installation. The procedures for each are explained in the following sections.
The following tools and materials may be necessary to install the Alcatel Office 224 switch:
• Screwdriver to install the brackets as needed.
• Wire cutters to cut cable as needed for network connections.
• Crimpers to crimp cable as needed.
• RJ-45 connectors as needed.
Desktop/Shelf Installation
The dimensions of the Alcatel Office 224 switch are: 441 mm (17.44 inches) x 235 mm (9.25 inches) 63
mm (2.44 inches). The measurements include the 8 mm (.31 inch) rubber feet.
Follow these guidelines for desktop/shelf installation or rack installation:
• The surface must support 3 kg (6.6 lbs).
• The power source must be within 1.82 m (6 feet).
• Power cord and cables should never be stretched.
• Leave at least 5 cm (two inches) around the Alcatel Office 224 switch for ventilation.
Follow these steps to install the Alcatel Office 224 switch on a desktop or shelf:
Place the four rubber feet at the corners of the Alcatel Office 224 switch, see
1.
Figure 4.
2.
Place the Alcatel Office 224 switch on the desktop/shelf, see Figure 5: Attach
Feet.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Figure 4: Install Feet on Bottom
Figure 5: Attach Feet
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Rack Installation
The Alcatel Office 224 switch can be mounted in an EIA standard size 19 inch rack. The dimensions
are: 441 mm (17.44 inches) x 235 mm (10.03 inches) x 55 mm (2.16 inches), 1.25 U. Alcatel Office 224
switch can be placed in a wiring closet along with other equipment.
Follow these steps to install the Alcatel Office 224 switch on a rack:
1.
Attach a mounting bracket to each side of the Alcatel Office 224 switch with
the screws provided, see Figure 6.
2.
Slide the Alcatel Office 224 switch into the rack and use the screws provided
to secure the Alcatel Office 224 switch to the rack, see Figure 7: Insert into
Rack.
3.
Connect the power cord and verify that the Alcatel Office 224 switch is
receiving adequate power.
Figure 6: Attach Mounting Brackets
Figure 7: Insert into Rack
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Power On
The power supply will adjust to the local power source automatically. The Alcatel Office 224 switch
may be plugged in without having any or with all LAN segment cables connected.
The power plug is located at the rear of the Alcatel Office 224 switch. Plug the cable into the wall
socket and plug the other end into the Alcatel Office 224 switch. There is no on/off switch. The
Alcatel Office 224 switch powers on when you plug the power cord into the three pronged power
connector. The Power LED will light when the Alcatel Office 224 switch is powered on. All ports will
automatically negotiate the proper speed and duplex mode.
Reboot the Alcatel Office 224 switch if there is a problem. Contact your supplier for technical
support.
After a power failure, it may be necessary to reconfigure any ports that were manually set. All other
ports should automatically negotiate the proper speed and duplex mode.
The Alcatel Office 224 switch can be used with power sources in the range 100 to 240 VAC., 50 to 60
Hz.
Network Connections
This chapter covers the following:
• Cable Specifications
• Ports
• Connecting the Alcatel Office 224 switch to other devices
This section deals with making cables and connecting the Alcatel Office 224 switch to other devices.
It is extremely important that cables have the correct pin arrangement and that the proper cables be
used when connecting to servers, switches, hubs, workstations and other devices.
Cable Specifications
Use the following guidelines when handling cables:
Do not stretch or bend cables.
Do not put copper cables near sources of electromagnetic interference.
Do not create trip hazards by laying cables in aisles or walkways.
Secure cables to the floor when routing in aisles or walkways.
• Do not use telephone cable. Telephone cable does not support Ethernet or Fast Ethernet.
Copper Cable
In order for Ethernet or Fast Ethernet to work the wires must be arranged correctly inside the RJ-45
connector. The most common problem on Ethernet or Fast Ethernet networks is the cable. If you
migrate from Ethernet to Fast Ethernet, make sure the cables are pinned out properly.
There are two types of cables: straight through and crossover. Category 3, 4, and 5 UTP/ STP cable
has eight wires inside the sheath. The wires form four pairs. Straight through cable has the same pin
out, inside the RJ-45 connector, at both ends. Crossover cable has a different pin arrangement at
each end. Fast Ethernet does not tolerate incorrect pin arrangements. You must use the correct pin
arrangement in order for the Alcatel Office 224 switch to work properly. . See Figure 8: Cable
Diagram for an example of straight through and crossover cable.
The type of cable you use depends on the speed of your network. A network running at 10 Mbps can
use lower grade cable than a network running at 100 Mbps. Table 1: Cable Specifications shows the
cable requirements for Ethernet and Fast Ethernet networks.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Table 1: Cable Specifications:
Ethernet Type
Cable Requirements
Maximum Length
10BASE-T
100-TX
Category 3, 4, 5 UTP or STP
Category 5 UTP or STP
100 m (328 feet)
100 m (328 feet)
Figure 8: Cable Diagram
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Ports
There are three types of ports on the Alcatel Office 224 switch: RS-232, MDI-II Uplink, and MDI-X.
RS-232 Port
The RS-232 port, located at the rear, is used to configure the Alcatel Office 224 switch.
Follow these steps to connect the Alcatel Office 224 switch and a workstation or laptop:
1.
Plug one end of the cable provided into the port.
2.
Plug the other end into the workstation or laptop.
3.
Run HyperTerminal or a terminal emulation program using the settings given
for Local Console Management at the beginning of Chapter 5, Managing the
Alcatel Office 224 switch.
MDI-II Uplink Port
The MDI-II Uplink port allows you to use a straight through cable when connecting another switch to
the Alcatel Office 224 switch. If the MDI-II Uplink port is in use, you must use a crossover cable when
connecting another switch or other device that requires a crossover connection, to the Alcatel Office
224 switch.
Follow these steps to connect a device to the MDI-II Uplink port:
1.
Plug one end of a cable into the uplink port.
2.
Plug the other end into any port except an uplink port on the other device.
MDI-X Ports
The remaining ports are crossover ports. The pin arrangement is the same as the arrangement in a
crossover cable. The advantage of MDI-X ports is that you can connect a device with an MDI-II port
without using a crossover cable. The steps for connecting the Alcatel Office 224 switch to 10 Mbps
devices or 100 Mbps devices are the same. All the ports will auto negotiate the proper speed and
duplex mode.
Follow these steps to connect cables to the Alcatel Office 224 switch:
3.
Plug one end of the cable into any of the MDI-X ports.
4.
Plug the other end into the appropriate port on the other device.
5.
Verify that the LED indicates connection at the proper speed and duplex
mode.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
LEDs
The LED panel of the Alcatel Office 224 switch, displayed in Figure 9, is designed to give you critical
information at a glance.
The LEDs indicate the following:
Power
Link
Activity
Collision
Speed
All LEDs are described in detail. See Table 2: Per Port LEDs, to determine the meaning of each LED.
Power
The power LED lights when the Alcatel Office 224 switch is powered on. The purpose is to confirm
that the Alcatel Office 224 switch is getting adequate power. The power LED is green when the
Alcatel Office 224 switch is powered on and dark when it is powered off.
Link/ Act/ Collision
Solid green indicates the port is linked up. Dark (off) indicates there is no link at the port.
Flashing green indicates there is activity (transmitting or receiving) at the port.
Flashing yellow indicates collisions are occurring at the port.
100Mbps/ 10Mbps
The 100Mbps/10Mbps LED indicates the speed of the port. The LED is lit when the port is working at
100Mbps and dark when the port is working at 10Mbps.
Link
Power
Act
Collision
Power
Link/
100Mbps/
Link/
100Mbps/
Collision
1
2
3
13
14
15
4
5
6
7
9
17
18
19
21
10
11
12
10Mbps
Collision
22
23
10Mbps
100Mbps/ 10Mbps
Figure 9: Alcatel Office 224 switch LED Panel
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Table 2: Per Port LEDs
LED
Dark (Off)
Solid Green
Flashing
Green
Flashing
Yellow
Link/ Act/
Collision
100Mbps/
10Mbps
No Link
Link Up but No
Activity
Port is running
at 100Mbps
Transmitting
or Receiving
Not
applicable
Collisions are
occurring
Not applicable
Port is running
at 10Mbps
Managing the Alcatel Office 224 switch
The Alcatel Office 224 switch is an unmanaged switch. You can change two values: the physical
state of the ports and the flow control. You cannot make any other changes and configurations.
The only way to change the configuration is to connect a workstation or laptop to the Alcatel Office
224 switch with an RS-232 serial cable and make the desired changes. The Alcatel Office 224 switch 4
is not password protected. Anyone who connects to the Alcatel Office 224 switch 24 with an RS-232
cable can make changes.
Follow these steps to begin a management session:
1.
Attach the male end of an RS-232 serial cable to the RS-232 serial port located
at the rear.
2.
Attach the other end to the serial port of a workstation or laptop.
3.
Run a terminal or terminal emulation application using the following settings:
4.
• Emulation: VT-100/ANSI compatible
• BPS: 19 200
• Data bits: 8
• Parity: None
• Stop bits: 1
• Flow Control: None
• Enable: Terminal keys
Power the Alcatel Office 224 switch on after the connection is established.
Press Enter to refresh the screen and display the login panel. See Chapter 6
Troubleshooting if the panel does not display properly.
The connection times out after five minutes. Press Enter to reestablish the connection. This setting
cannot be changed or disabled. If you have not done anything on the Alcatel Office 224 switch for
more than five minutes, it will time out. Press Enter one time to refresh the screen.
Panel Conventions
The following panel conventions are used on the Alcatel Office 224 switch:
The Arrow and Tab keys can be used to select items.
The Spacebar is used to toggle to different settings.
The Backspace key allows you to move backwards through the panels.
Control-R refreshes the panel.
NEXT takes you forward to the next panel.
PREV takes you back to the previous panel.
SAVE saves your changes. If settings have been modified, changes take effect.
EXIT ends the management session.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Panels
Each panel of the Alcatel Office 224 switch 24 covers eight ports. You will have either two or three
panels. There are no other menus or panels available.
Each panel has four columns: Port, Physical, Flow Control and Link Status.
Port
Port indicates the port number. The ports are numbered on the front panel of the Alcatel Office 224
switch. Remember that the MDI-II Uplink port and port one are connected. If you are using the uplink
port, then port one is in use.
Physical
Physical refers to the physical state of the port. The ports have five states. You can change the
physical state a port is in.
Auto is the default port state. Ports in the Auto state automatically negotiate speed and duplex mode.
Half duplex means that data is being transmitted in one direction at a time. Full duplex means data is
being transmitted and received simultaneously.
10/Half indicates the port is transmitting and receiving data at 10 Mbps in half duplex. 10/Full
indicates the port is transmitting and receiving data at 10 Mbps in full duplex.
100/Half indicates the port is transmitting and receiving data at 100 Mbps in half duplex. 100/Full
indicates the port is transmitting and receiving data at 100 Mbps in full duplex.
Flow Control
The Flow Control can be in one of two states: Enabled, the default state, or Disabled. Leaving flow
control enabled allows the port to apply flow control as needed. In full duplex mode, IEEE 802.3x,
port based flow control is implemented.
Flow control can only be enabled or disabled on ports in Auto mode. In forced mode Flow Control is
automatically disabled.
Link Status
The Link Status indicates whether the link to other devices is up or down. Link Down means there is
no link to any other device. Ports that do not have devices connected to them will always show a
Link Status of Link Down. Ports with devices connected will indicate the speed and duplex mode the
port is running at.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Configuration Examples
The following figures give examples of possible configurations. The figures are examples. They are
intended to illustrate the functions of the Alcatel Office 224 switch. The settings displayed on your
switch may be different.
Remember that the Alcatel Office 224 switch is an unmanaged switch. The Alcatel Office 224 switch
can be connected to the network with no configuration and it will automatically negotiate all speed
and duplex settings. Changes should only be made for specific reasons.
The first panel you see when logging in is displayed in Figure 10. The Link Status is Link Down
because no network connections have been made.
Figure 10: No Network Connection
Ports 1 and 2 have been connected to the network. The Alcatel Office 224 switch has auto negotiated
the proper speed and duplex mode, displayed in Figure 11. No further configuration is necessary.
Figure 11: Auto Negotiation
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
The speed and duplex mode on port 1 has been manually set. Flow Control was automatically
disabled when the Physical setting was changed from auto negotiation to forced mode, displayed in
Figure 12. On port two, Flow Control has been manually set to Disabled by toggling the space bar.
Figure 12: Alcatel Office 224 switch Flow Control Disabled
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Troubleshooting
This troubleshooting section is intended to help you solve the most common problems on the
Alcatel Office 224 switch.
Problem
Solution
Cables
Faulty cable is the most common source of problems on Ethernet and Fast
Ethernet networks. Check the cable first if you are having any problems
connecting to a device.
Ethernet is more fault tolerant than Fast Ethernet. If you are moving from
Ethernet to Fast Ethernet, make sure the cables are pinned out correctly. See
Chapter 3, Network Connections, Cable Specifications, for a diagram showing
the proper cable pin arrangement for Ethernet and Fast Ethernet.
Port States
All ports on the Alcatel Office 224 switch have two modes: auto
negotiation mode and forced mode. Ports in auto negotiation mode auto
negotiate the proper speed and duplex mode. Ports in forced mode have been
manually set to a particular speed and duplex mode. Check the LEDs on the
Alcatel Office 224 switch to verify settings.
The port settings on the Alcatel Office 224 switch and the port settings on
the device you are connecting to must be the same in order for them to
communicate. Check the speed and duplex setting on both the port and the
device you are connecting to.
Power LED is Off
Check the three pronged power plug and verify that you are getting power
from the wall socket. If the Alcatel Office 224 switch is on and the power
LED is not working properly, return the Alcatel Office 224 switch. If the
Alcatel Office 224 switch is not powering on while the power cord is
plugged into wall socket, the power supply is not working. Return the unit.
All LEDs are Off
Check the power plug and verify that the Alcatel Office 224 switch is
receiving adequate power. Power the Alcatel Office 224 switch off and
power it back on again. Return the unit if the problem persists.
No Link
If a cable is plugged into the port and the Link/ Act/ Collision LED is dark,
check the cable and connection. The default value is that all ports auto
negotiate the proper speed and duplex mode. If the port has been manually
configured for a particular speed and duplex mode, verify that the speed and
duplex mode of the port match the speed and duplex mode of the device you
are connecting to.
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Appendix A
Alcatel Office 224 switch Technical Specifications
Switch Specifications
Complies with IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD 10BASE-T Ethernet
Complies with IEEE 802.3u 100BASE-TX Fast Ethernet
NWAY Auto-negotiation for each 10/100-TX network port providing auto-detection of connected cable
types, auto-sensing of full and half duplex signaling and auto-configuration
IEEE 802.3x compliant Full Duplex Flow Control
8K maximum entries for MAC address table
Comprehensive LED indicators display of the system/ port status
RS-232 (DB-9) port provided access for port (asynchronous, 8-bit data, 1 stop bit, no parity, 19.2 K
baud)
Rack mountable (Fits standard 1.5 U EIA 19” rack)
24 10/100-TX ports
Port Specifications
RJ-45 ports for Cat 3, 4, and 5 UTP cable (Cat. 5 required for 10/100-TX)
10 or100 Mbps data transfer rate
NWAY Auto-negotiation for all 10/100-TX ports
Full or Half Duplex for all 10/100-TX ports
General
Standards:
IEEE 802.3 10BASE-T Ethernet
IEEE 802.3u 100-TX Fast Ethernet ANSI/IEEE Std 802.3
NWAY™ Auto Negotiation
IEEE 802.3 Frame types: Transparent
IEEE 802.3 MAC layer frame size: 64-1518
Protocol:
CSMA/CD, Full Duplex
Data Transfer Rate:
Fast Ethernet:
100 Mbps (half duplex)
200 Mbps (full duplex)
Topology:
Star
Network Cables:
• 10BASE-T:
2-pair UTP Cat. 3 (100 m)
4-pair UTP Cat. 4, 5 (100 m)
EIA/ TIA-568 150-ohm STP (100 m)
• 100-TX:
4-pair UTP Cat. 5 (100 m)
EIA/ TIA-568B 150-ohm STP (100 m)
Number of Ports:
(depending on model)
24 x 10/100 Mbps NWAY Ethernet
User's guide
Alcatel Office 224 switch
Physical and Environmental
100 – 240 VAC, 50/60
supply)
AC inputs:
Maximum
Consumption:
Power
Hz (internal universal power
33 watts
DC fans:
2 built in 40 x 40 mm fans
Operating Temperature:
0 ~ 50 degrees Celsius
Storage Temperature:
-25 ~ 70 degrees Celsius
Humidity:
5% ~ 95% non-condensing
Dimensions:
441 x 235 x 55 mm (1.25 U), 19 inch rack-mount width
Weight:
3 kg 6.6 lbs
EMI:
FCC Class A, CE Mark Class A, VCCI Class A, C-Tick
Class A
Safety:
UL (UL 1950), CSA (CSA950),CE Mark (EN60950)
Performance
Transmission Method:
Store-and-Forward
RAM Buffer:
1.5 M bytes per device
Filtering Address Table:
8 K entries per device
Packet
Filtering/
Forwarding Rate:
148810 pps per port (for 100 Mbps)
User's guide
Alcatel OmniLink 224
Index
1
100Mbps/ 10Mbps ..................................16
C
Configuration Examples ........................21
D
dimensions...............................................7
F
features.....................................................2
Flow Control...........................................20
front panel ................................................3
I
installation................................................7
L
link ..........................................................16
Link Status .............................................20
M
management.............................................5
MDI-X port...............................................15
P
Panel Conventions.................................19
Panels.....................................................20
Physical ..................................................20
Port .........................................................20
ports .......................................................15
power......................................................16
R
rear panel .................................................4
RS-232 port.............................................15
RS-232 port settings ..............................18
S
side panels ...............................................4
U
unpacking.................................................6
Uplink port..............................................15
Edition:1
19
User's guide
Alcatel OmniLink 224
Guarantee conditions
Irrespective of the applicable statutory guarantees, this equipment is guaranteed for a period of two years,
from the date of purchase (invoice date), in respect of all parts and repair charges. However, this guarantee
shall not be applicable if the equipment has been used in any way contrary the instruction given in this
manual, in case of damage due to causes outside the equipment itself, if the equipment installation is/was
not compliant with applicable regulations, if the equipment has been modified in any way or if repair work
has been carried out by persons not approved by the manufacturer or retailer.
Approval
FCC Warning
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the regulations for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against
harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment
generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
user‘s guide, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
CE Mark
The CE marking indicates that these products comply with the European Community directives in effect, and
the following directives in particular:
• 89/336/CEE (electromagnetic compatibility)
• 73/23/CEE(low voltage)
WARNING: These are Class A products. In a domestic environment, these products may cause radio
interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
© Alcatel Business Systems 2000. All rights reserved
Alcatel Business Systems, in keeping with its policy of constant product improvement for the customer,
reserves the right to modify product specifications without prior notice.
Edition:1
20
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising