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User Manual
Undelete® for Windows®
Up-to-the-minute Data Protection®
for Windows systems and networks
October 2003
This document describes the installation and operation of the Undelete file
recovery solutions. It applies to the Server, Professional and Home Editions of
Undelete and is intended for Windows users and system managers.
Revision/Update Information:
This is a new manual
Software Versions:
Undelete 4.0 Server Edition
Undelete 4.0 Professional Edition
Undelete 4.0 Home Edition
Operating Systems:
Windows Server 2003
Windows XP
Windows 2000
Windows NT 4.0
Executive Software International, Inc., Burbank, California
________________________
October 2003
_________
© 2000—2003 by Executive Software International, Inc.
The Software described in this document is owned by Executive Software
International, Inc. and is protected by United States copyright laws and
international treaty provisions. Therefore, you must treat the Software like any
other copyrighted material (e.g. a book or musical recording) except that you
may either (a) make one copy of the Software solely for backup or archival
purposes, or (b) transfer the Software to a single hard disk provided you keep
the original solely for backup or archival purposes. You may not copy the user
documentation provided with the Software, except for your own authorized use.
RESTRICTED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS.
Use, duplication, or disclosure by the Government is subject to restrictions as set
forth in subparagraph (c)(1)(ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer
Software clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 or subparagraphs (c)(1) and (2) of the
Commercial Computer Software-Restricted Rights at 48 CFR 52.227-19 as
applicable. Manufacturer is Executive Software International, Inc., 7590 North
Glenoaks Boulevard, Burbank, California 91504, USA.
Undelete, Diskeeper, Sitekeeper, Executive Software, PushInstall, Set It and
Forget It, Up-to-the-minute Data Protection, and Emergency Undelete are
trademarks or registered trademarks owned by Executive Software International,
Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows Server and Windows NT are trademarks or
registered trademarks owned by Microsoft Corporation in the U.S. and/or other
countries.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners
Contents
Contents
GETTING STARTED
OVERVIEW OF UNDELETE
RECOVERY BIN
UNDELETE FROM DISK
EMERGENCY UNDELETE
UNDELETE EDITIONS
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT UNDELETE
ABOUT EXECUTIVE SOFTWARE
OTHER IMPORTANT PRODUCTS
VIII
VIII
IX
X
X
X
XI
XI
XII
INSTALLING UNDELETE
1
BEFORE THE INSTALLATION
WINDOWS VERSIONS SUPPORTED
FILE SYSTEMS SUPPORTED
DISKS SUPPORTED
RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS
INSTALLATION OVERVIEW
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
INSTALLING UNDELETE FROM CD-ROM
INSTALLING UNDELETE FROM A DOWNLOADED FILE
AFTER THE INSTALLATION
CHECK FOR UPDATE
REGISTERING UNDELETE
A NOTE ABOUT REPAIRING YOUR WINDOWS SYSTEM
ABOUT THE UNDELETE SERVICE
UNINSTALLING UNDELETE
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
5
6
USING UNDELETE
7
OPENING THE UNDELETE INTERFACE
TREE VIEW PANE
FILE INFORMATION PANE
TOOLBAR
MENUS
STATUS BAR
7
8
9
10
11
13
iii
Contents
USING THE RECOVERY BIN
RECOVERING FILES
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT THE RECOVERY BIN
SEARCHING THE RECOVERY BIN
RECOVERABLE FILES SECTION
SEARCHING BY DATE
SEARCHING BY OWNER/DELETED BY
UNDELETE FROM DISK
IMPORTANT POINTS ABOUT THE UNDELETE FROM DISK FEATURE
USING THE UNDELETE FROM DISK INTERFACE
SETTING THE RECOVERY BIN PROPERTIES
PROPERTIES DIALOG BOX
COMMON BIN TAB
INDIVIDUAL DISK VOLUME TABS
CONNECT TO NETWORK FOLDER
DISCONNECT FROM A NETWORK FOLDER
CONNECT TO REMOTE COMPUTER
RECOVERY BIN EXCLUSION
EXCLUSION LIST DIALOG BOX
TOOLBAR OPTIONS
USING THE COMMAND LINE INTERFACE
THE RECLAIM COMMAND
PARAMETERS
EXAMPLES
THE UNDELETE COMMAND
PARAMETERS
EXAMPLES
13
14
15
16
17
20
22
23
23
25
30
30
35
37
39
40
40
41
42
45
49
49
49
50
51
51
51
EMERGENCY UNDELETE™
53
IMPORTANT POINTS FOR USING EMERGENCY UNDELETE
KNOWN RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS
REQUIRED PRIVILEGES
RUNNING EMERGENCY UNDELETE
53
54
54
54
USING PUSHINSTALL
57
ABOUT PUSHINSTALL
RUNNING PUSHINSTALL
57
58
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
61
iv
Contents
SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEMS
63
TECHNICAL SUPPORT
65
INDEX
67
v
Preface
Preface
What This Book is About
Welcome to the Undelete for Windows User Manual. Although software
manuals are often one of the least-favorite pieces of reading material around, we
intend to make this one as painless as possible. This book will help you get
Undelete quickly installed and running, and it describes the various Undelete
features and how to use them.
Structure of This Book
ƒ
Chapter 1 describes how to install Undelete.
ƒ
Chapter 2 describes how to operate Undelete and explains the various
features.
ƒ
Chapter 3 describes the installation and operation of Emergency Undelete.
ƒ
Chapter 4 describes using the PushInstall feature to install Undelete across
your network.
ƒ
Appendix A shows where to get answers to frequently asked questions.
ƒ
Appendix B has a table showing the operating systems supported by the
different Undelete editions.
ƒ
Appendix C explains how to contact your Executive Software Customer
Service Representative for Support Services.
vii
Preface
Getting Started
The Undelete Server, Professional and Home Editions are unique file recovery
solutions for Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server
2003. For simplicity, this User Manual will refer to all the editions collectively
as Undelete. Any differences between the different editions will be clearly
noted.
Undelete incorporates cutting-edge technology developed by Executive
Software—the same folks who developed Diskeeper®, the world’s most popular
disk defragmenter.
Undelete allows you to recover files that have been deleted—even after you’ve
really deleted them by emptying your Recycle Bin, or by deleting files from
Windows Explorer or other applications, or even from the Windows command
prompt.
Overview of Undelete
Undelete is available in several editions—Server and Professional Editions for
professional use, and a Home Edition for home users.
On a Windows network, the combination of Undelete Server Edition and
Undelete Professional Edition provides valuable protection against accidentallydeleted files. Installed on file servers and desktop systems, the Undelete system
empowers network users to recover deleted files themselves, instead of relying
on the System Administrator or Help Desk staff to do it for them.
For home users, Undelete Home Edition provides a more robust and
configurable file recovery solution than the Windows Recycle Bin, even
allowing recovery of files after the Recycle Bin has been emptied.
All three editions of Undelete are made up of these major components:
ƒ
Recovery Bin
ƒ
Undelete From Disk
ƒ
Emergency Undelete
These components are described in the following sections.
viii
Preface
Recovery Bin
The Recovery Bin feature is similar to the Windows Recycle Bin. Deleted files
aren’t really deleted—they’re simply moved to the bin and held there until the
bin is “emptied” or purged. This allows you to recover files easily after they
have been deleted. However, the Recovery Bin differs from the standard
Windows Recycle Bin in several important ways:
ƒ
It allows you to recover files deleted by any method, including Windows
Explorer and other applications—even files deleted from the Windows
command prompt!
ƒ
You can have a Recovery Bin for any individual disk volumes on your
computer, or use a single, “common” Recovery Bin for all your disk
volumes.
ƒ
When files are “deleted” and moved into the Recovery Bin, they are
displayed in a manner very similar to Windows Explorer. You (or your
users) can see and recover the deleted files and the folders as easily as
browsing for “normal” files.
ƒ
The Server and Professional editions of Undelete allow you to see the
contents of the Recovery Bins on remote computers running Undelete
Server Edition, allowing you or your users to recover “deleted” files across
your network (typically from network file servers). This feature alone is a
“life saver” for many System Administrators and Help Desk technicians.
It’s no longer necessary to search backup tapes when a network user
accidentally deletes a file from the file server. With the Undelete system in
place, network users can recover their own files in seconds, instead of
relying on the IT staff to find and recover the files for them.
There are actually two different ways you can recover deleted files from
remote Recovery Bins: Mapped share access and node-to-node access.
Computers running Undelete Server or Professional edition can access
deleted files from mapped network shares (if the computers where the
shares reside are running Undelete Server Edition). Users see their mapped
shares displayed in a familiar form, and can recover files they have deleted
from these shares. Computers running Undelete Server have the added
capability of being able to access the full Recovery Bin on remote
computers running either Undelete Professional Edition or Undelete Server
Edition.
ix
Preface
Undelete From Disk
The Undelete From Disk feature, as its name implies, allows you to recover files
that have really been deleted, such as files purged from the Recovery Bin, or
files that were deleted when the Recovery Bin was not enabled. The Undelete
From Disk feature can also be used to recover files from volumes or directory
folders that have been excluded from Recovery Bin processing.
Both the Recovery Bin and the Undelete From Disk features can be accessed
from either the Undelete graphical user interface, or from the Windows
command prompt.
Note that encrypted files cannot be recovered with the Undelete From Disk
feature.
See Chapter 2 for more information about the Recovery Bin and the Undelete
From Disk feature.
Emergency Undelete
Emergency Undelete is a separate utility used to recover accidentally deleted
files before installing the full Undelete product. Since installing software on a
computer can overwrite deleted files and make them unrecoverable, Emergency
Undelete runs directly from a CD-ROM or floppy disk without any installation.
See Chapter 3 for more information about Emergency Undelete.
Undelete Editions
Here is a brief description of the different Undelete editions. The tables in
Appendix B show additional details.
Undelete Server Edition
Undelete Server Edition enables you to find and recover files deleted on the
server where Undelete is installed as well as mapped shares on remote
computers on your network (if they also have Undelete Server Edition installed).
Undelete Server Edition can also connect directly to remote machines running
Undelete Server or Professional, allowing you to access Undelete on the remote
computer as if you were sitting in front of the machine.
x
Preface
Undelete Professional Edition
Like Undelete Server Edition, the Professional Edition can recover files from the
computer where it is installed, and it can also recover files from computers that
have Undelete Server Edition installed.
Undelete Home Edition
Undelete Home Edition can undelete and recover files deleted from your local
computer, but it does not support the Undelete networking features.
Important Points about Undelete
Here are several important points about using Undelete:
ƒ
When you install Undelete, it will take the place of any other file recovery
utilities currently installed on your computer. This includes the Windows
Recycle Bin as well as third party products that perform similar functions.
ƒ
Where security is of concern, the Recovery Bin Properties can be set to
completely erase files that are deleted from the Recovery Bin, using the
SecureDelete option.
ƒ
Long filenames might be shortened to the DOS 8.3 file naming convention
when files are deleted from the Windows command prompt and recovered
with Undelete.
ƒ
Undelete Server Edition cannot recover files on computers running the
Home Edition of Undelete. It can, however, recover files on computers
running Undelete Professional or Undelete Server.
About Executive Software
Executive Software, founded by its Chairman and CEO Craig Jensen, was
incorporated in 1981. In 1986, Executive Software’s flagship product, Diskeeper
for VAX/VMS was introduced, establishing Executive Software as the leader in
defragmentation products for the corporate marketplace. Since then, the
company has become established as a leader in OpenVMS and Windows
performance and system management solutions.
Part of our company’s corporate purpose is to help Data Center Managers solve
performance and system management problems. Superior technical capability
coupled with meticulous market research fueled rapid growth for Executive
Software, and resulted in a high degree of customer satisfaction.
xi
Preface
Executive Software has grown from five people in 1986 to more than a hundred
today, with headquarters in California and a worldwide distribution network.
The expansion of the company and the popularity of its products demonstrate a
successful implementation of the company’s purpose and the degree of technical
and administrative capability that backs it up.
Other Important Products
Executive Software is known throughout the computer industry for its focused
development of system management tools. If you are running any current
Windows operating system (Windows 95 through Windows Server 2003), you
should also have:
Diskeeper automatic disk defragmenter for Windows
Diskeeper is the most recommended network defragmenter in the world and
independent lab tests confirm that it maximizes performance, lowers operating
costs, and raises system productivity.
Modern operating systems fragment files as they are written to the disk,
resulting in degraded performance. Diskeeper completely handles the problem
without adding to a system administrator’s workload. That’s why Diskeeper is
considered an absolute necessity by top IT professionals worldwide. Get the
system performance you deserve with Diskeeper, available from your local
reseller or directly from Executive Software.
Sitekeeper® System Management Software
Get at-a-glance updates on every software version, build, update and patch. Also
see detailed hardware information including processor speed, RAM, hard drive
size, logical free space and asset management tags from the BIOS and
motherboard. Install/uninstall programs with a few clicks of the mouse, using
Executive Software’s PushInstall feature.
You can visit the Executive Software website at:
www.executive.com.
xii
Installation
Chapter 1
Installing Undelete
This chapter explains how to install Undelete and provides important
information you should know after the installation.
Before the Installation
Windows Versions Supported
Undelete is supported on the Intel x86 platform (including Pentium and
compatible CPUs from other manufacturers), running the Windows NT 4.0,
Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems.
The different editions of Undelete support the following operating systems:
Undelete Edition
Supported Operating System
Windows NT 4.0 Server
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
Windows 2000 Server
Windows 2000 Professional
Undelete Server Edition
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Tablet PC
Windows XP 64-Bit Edition
Windows Server 2003 (all
editions)
1
Installation
Undelete Edition
Supported Operating System
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
Windows 2000 Professional
Undelete Professional Edition
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Media Center
Windows XP Home Edition1
Windows XP 64-Bit Edition
Windows NT 4.0 Workstation
Windows 2000 Professional
Undelete Home Edition
Windows XP Professional
Windows XP Media Center
Windows XP Home Edition
Note that Service Pack 6 or higher is required on Windows NT 4.0
File Systems Supported
Undelete supports the NTFS and 16 and 32-bit FAT file systems, but the 12-bit
FAT file system is not supported. (The 12-bit FAT file system is used on FAT
volumes smaller than 16 megabytes in size, such as 1.4-MB floppy diskettes.)
Disks Supported
Undelete supports a wide range of SCSI and IDE disks, including:
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
1
2
Primary Partitions
Extended Partitions
Logical Drives
Volume Sets
Mirror Sets
RAID arrays
Removable disks (such as ZIP drives and many memory cards)
Networking features are not available when running Undelete Professional Edition on
Windows XP Home Edition.
Installation
Resource Requirements
The disk space requirements for Undelete Professional Edition and Undelete
Home Edition are about 4 megabytes or less.
Undelete Server Edition requires up to 35 megabytes of disk space.
After Undelete is installed, a Recovery Bin is created by default on each disk
volume detected on your computer. Although these Recovery Bins initially use
no disk space, they will eventually grow as files are deleted. The default size
limit for these Recovery Bins is 20% of the disk volume, but this can be changed
easily with the Recovery Bin Properties option on the Tools menu.
Installation Overview
Undelete is installed from a CD-ROM or from a downloaded file. The Undelete
installation program:
ƒ
Confirms that you have Administrator privileges.
ƒ
Determines which version of Windows you are running.
ƒ
Checks for sufficient space on the disk for the installation.
ƒ
Recognizes and will install over previous versions of Undelete.
ƒ
Copies the Undelete files to the destination directories.
ƒ
Updates the Windows registry.
ƒ
Replaces the Windows Recycle Bin icon on your desktop with the Recovery
Bin Icon, but leaves the Recycle Bin and its contents in the directory
structure on your computer.
ƒ
Initializes the Undelete service.
Note: To complete the installation, it is necessary to restart your computer. This
starts the Undelete driver, which intercepts file deletion requests and redirects
the deletion operations, causing “deleted” files to be placed in the Undelete
Recovery Bin.
3
Installation
Installation Procedure
The Undelete package includes two separate programs—Undelete and
Emergency Undelete. The full Undelete product includes both the Recovery Bin
feature and the Undelete from Disk feature.
Emergency Undelete is a compact version of Undelete from Disk, intended to
run as a separate program in situations where any write activity on a disk could
endanger the recovery of previously deleted files. Emergency Undelete requires
no installation. It is run directly from a floppy disk or CD-ROM.
Installing Undelete from CD-ROM
To install Undelete from CD-ROM, follow these steps while logged on to an
account that is a member of the Administrators Group:
1.
2.
Insert the Undelete CD-ROM into the appropriate drive on your computer.
The Windows AutoPlay feature automatically starts the installation. Just
follow the directions displayed on your screen.
If you have disabled the AutoPlay feature, use Windows Explorer to locate
and double-click the Setup.exe file in the root-level folder on the CD-ROM
and follow the directions displayed.
Installing Undelete from a Downloaded
File
To install Undelete from a downloaded file, follow these steps while logged on
to an account that is a member of the Administrators Group:
1.
2.
3.
After downloading the Undelete package to a temporary location on your
computer, double-click the self-extracting executable file you downloaded.
You will be prompted for a temporary location to extract the Undelete files
into. You can accept the default location shown or click Browse to select
another location.
Follow the instructions displayed to install Undelete or to create an
Emergency Undelete floppy disk.
After the Installation
After installing Undelete, there are still several steps to consider. They are
discussed in the following sections:
4
Installation
Check for Update
The first time you run Undelete, it automatically checks to see if a more recent
version of Undelete is available. If so, you are given the option to download and
install the newer version. When the download screen is displayed, click Run
this program from its current location to begin installing the update. Or, click
Save this program to disk to save the Undelete update installation package on
your computer for later installation. (To install an update stored on your
computer in this manner, simply double-click the file you downloaded and
follow the instructions displayed.)
You can check for Undelete updates any time you want. Use the Check for
update option in the Help menu to see if a newer version of Undelete is
available.
Registering Undelete
After the Undelete installation is complete, you may be given the option to
register your purchase. You can also register Undelete at the Executive Software
Web site at www.execsoft.com/register, or fax the registration card included in
the Undelete package to Executive Software. Both methods provide a fast,
efficient way to register Undelete.
Be sure to register your Undelete purchase to receive the free 90 days of
telephone support included with Undelete.
A Note About Repairing Your Windows
System
Performing an emergency repair or reinstallation of a Windows system can
possibly change or disable certain system information or services. For this
reason, it may be necessary to reinstall Undelete after repairing your Windows
system.
About the Undelete Service
Undelete is primarily designed as a “Set It and Forget It”® file recovery system.
In order to accomplish this goal, it creates a Windows service. The service
allows Undelete to run in the background while other applications are running.
After installation, the Undelete service starts automatically each time your
Windows system is started. The Undelete service runs all the time, whether or
not Undelete is in use. This service consumes negligible system resources. It
5
Installation
must be running for Undelete to save deleted files in the Recovery Bin and for
the Undelete user interface to operate correctly.
Uninstalling Undelete
Follow these steps to remove Undelete from your computer:
1.
2.
3.
4.
From Control Panel, double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Click the Install/Uninstall tab.
Highlight Undelete.
Click the Add/Remove button. This removes the Undelete service, files,
Program Group, and registry entries from your computer.
5. Restart your computer. Undelete will not be removed completely until you
restart.
6. As a final step, manually delete the Undelete installation directory if it
exists.
Important Note: It may be necessary to reboot your computer after uninstalling
Undelete in order to fully restore the native Windows Recycle Bin function.
6
Operation
Chapter 2
Using Undelete
This chapter describes the various features offered by Undelete and explains
their operation.
Opening the Undelete Interface
To open the Undelete interface and access its various features, double-click the
Recovery Bin icon on your desktop.
Here is an example of the Recovery Bin display, which is the main view of
Undelete:
Menus
Toolbar
Tree View
Pane
Status Bar
File
Information
Pane
7
Operation
The Recovery Bin interface contains pull-down menus and a toolbar. Many of
the functions offered are the same on the menus and toolbar. A tree view of
available disk volumes and folders is also displayed, plus a list of files that were
removed from the selected volume or folder, but have been saved in the
Recovery Bin.
Here are descriptions of the various parts of the Recovery Bin interface:
Tree View Pane
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows a tree view of the available disk
volumes and folders. Click on the icon of a disk volume to view a list of the files
in the Recovery Bin that were “deleted” from the root directory of that volume,
or click on one of the folder icons to view the “deleted” files from that folder.
As with Windows Explorer, click on a “+” symbol next to the icon to expand a
tree (show subfolders), or click the “-” symbol to collapse it (hide subfolders).
Undelete Server Edition and Undelete Professional Edition can also display
mapped drives on remote computers, if the remote machine is also running
Undelete Server.
This icon indicates mapped file shares on computers that are running
Undelete 4.0 Server Edition. You can view the files deleted from these shares by
double-clicking the icon and navigating to the deleted files.
This icon indicates mapped file shares on computers that are not running
Undelete 4.0 Server Edition, or the computer is currently unavailable. You can
hide shares displaying this icon by using the Disconnect Network Folder
option in the Undelete toolbar or by right-clicking the icon and selecting
Disconnect.
In some cases, neither of these icons are displayed. If so, use the Connect
and enter login credentials
Network Folder option on the Undelete toolbar
as prompted to connect to your network shares. You can also use this option to
connect to a shared folder that you have not already mapped in Windows
Explorer.
If you do not know from what folder a file was deleted, you can search for it,
using the Search Recovery Bin feature. This feature can be accessed from the
toolbar or from the File menu.
8
Operation
File Information Pane
The file information pane shows information about the files in the Recovery
Bin.
It is also where you select specific files you want to recover. To select more than
one file, hold the <Ctrl> key while clicking on the names of the files you want to
recover. Or, you can hold the <Shift> key to select a continuous list of files.
Here is the information shown in the file information pane:
Name
This column of the display shows the original filename and extension of each
file saved in the various \RecoveryBin\ directory folders on your computer.
Right-click a filename as a shortcut to Recover or Delete it.
Click on the title bar at the top of this column to sort the files by name in
forward or reverse alphabetical order.
Size
This column of the display shows the size of the files either stored in the
Recovery Bin or detected by the Undelete From Disk feature.
Click on the title bar at the top of this column to sort the files by size in forward
or reverse order.
Date Deleted
This column of the Recovery Bin display shows the date a file was “deleted”
and moved to the Recovery Bin.
Click on the title bar at the top of this column to sort the files by the date they
were deleted, shown alternately in forward or reverse date order.
Date Created
This column of the Recovery Bin display shows the date a file was created.
Click on the title bar at the top of this column to sort the files by the date they
were created, shown alternately in forward or reverse date order.
Deleted By
This column of the Recovery Bin display shows the names of the accounts used
to delete files.
9
Operation
Note that the name reported in the "Deleted by" column is the name of the
account that was used to authorize the file deletion. In the case of a local file
delete, this is the account under which you logged in, shown as the name of the
local machine, followed by the name of the account used on that machine. If you
are logged on using a domain account, the name shown will be the name of the
domain followed by the domain account name.
When files are deleted from a remote machine via a mapped share, things are a
bit more complicated. In this case, the account that is used to authorize the
deletion is the account that authorized the mapping of the share on the machine
to which the disk is directly attached. Thus, if you log onto LOCAL1\YourName,
map a share on SERVER1 using your DOMAIN1\YourName account, and
delete a file on the share, the "Deleted by" name is "DOMAIN1\YourName" in
the Recovery Bin on SERVER1. This is because SERVER1 does not “know”
anything about the LOCAL1\YourName local account—it only knows about,
and can get information for, the DOMAIN1\YourName account.
Owned By
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows who, if anyone, owned the
deleted file.
Note that files on FAT volumes display “No Owner” in this column, because the
FAT file system does not track file ownership.
Toolbar
The Undelete toolbar has icons for the most common Undelete tasks. Each of
these icons and tasks is described in its respective section later in this chapter.
Note that the selection of icons in the toolbar varies with the edition of Undelete.
Undelete Server Edition displays all the icons shown here, but Undelete
Professional and Home editions do not.
10
Operation
These options are available from the Undelete toolbar:
—Recover selected file(s)
—Delete selected file(s)
—Empty Recovery Bin
—Search Recovery Bin for file(s)
—Find files on disk
—Recovery Bin Exclusion List
—Recovery Bin Properties
—Connect to a network folder
—Disconnect from a network folder
—Connect to a remote computer
—Help Topics
See Toolbar Options on page 45 for a full description of the toolbar options.
Menus
The Undelete menus have these options, which are all described later in this
chapter:
11
Operation
File Menu
Recover files…—Retrieve deleted files from the Recovery Bin
Delete from bin—Remove selected files from the Recovery Bin
Empty Recovery Bin—Remove all the files from the Recovery Bin
Find files in Recovery Bin—Locate files in the Recovery Bin
Find files on disk…—Recover files that have really been deleted
Close—Close the Recovery Bin
View Menu
Refresh—Update the Recovery Bin display to show any changes since the
Recovery Bin was opened
Tools Menu
Exclusion List…—Specify which files you don’t want to be saved in the
Recovery Bin
Recovery Bin Properties…—Change a variety of Recovery Bin settings
Connect to Remote Computer…—Connect to the Recovery Bin on a remote
computer (Undelete Server Edition only)
Connect Network Folder…—Display Recovery Bins from remote computers
in the Tree View pane (Not available in Undelete Home Edition)
Disconnect Network Folder …—Remove Recovery Bins from remote
computers from the Tree View pane (Not available in Undelete Home Edition)
Help Menu
Help Topics—View the Undelete Help system
About Undelete—Show the version number and other information about
Undelete
12
Operation
Check for update—Open a browser window and automatically check the
Executive Software website to see if an update is available for the version of
Undelete installed.
Status Bar
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows information about the Recovery
Bin.
When no files are selected, the Status Bar shows the number of files in the File
Information pane, the total size of the files in the local Recovery Bin, and the
percentage of the Recovery Bin size used. Note that the percentage of the
Recovery Bin in use figure indicates the total Recovery Bin space, which can
include more than one Recovery Bin if you have specified Recovery Bins on
more than one disk volume. For this reason, there is a possibility that a small
Recovery Bin on one volume could be full while a large Recovery Bin on
another volume could be nearly empty, and the percentage of the total Recovery
Bin size used could be as low as 1 or 2 percent.
When one or more files are selected, the Status Bar shows the number of files
selected and their total size.
Using the Recovery Bin
With Undelete, deleted files aren’t really deleted—the deletion request is
intercepted by Undelete and the deleted files are actually stored in another
location, called the Recovery Bin—so recovering these deleted files is only a
few mouse clicks away.
To view the Recovery Bin display, double-click the Recovery Bin icon on your
desktop. The files shown in the Recovery Bin display are files that have been
deleted by any of a variety of methods, including Windows Explorer, File
Manager, or any other application capable of deleting files. It also includes files
deleted via the Windows command prompt.
You can have more than one Recovery Bin on your computer. By using the
Recovery Bin Properties option, you can specify individual Recovery Bins for
each disk volume, or choose a single location to where “deleted” files are moved
(known as a “Common Recovery Bin”).
Undelete Server Edition creates Recovery Bins on your on your file servers, and
your users can access and recover their own deleted files from these networked
servers using Undelete Professional Edition.
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Operation
Note: Using a Common Recovery Bin on a network server will cause all the
deleted files on the server to be copied into a single location. If a large number
of deletions take place on the network, this can add considerable I/O overhead.
This overhead is apparent not only on the disk where the Common Recovery
Bin is located, but also on the disk from where the files are being copied. For
this reason, a Common Recovery Bin is not recommended on a busy server.
Instead, enable the Recovery Bin individually on each drive. (This is the default
setting.)
Recovering Files
Use the Recover button
or the Recover Files… option on the File menu
to recover one or more selected files from the Recovery Bin. When you use this
option, this dialog box is displayed:
Click OK to restore the selected files to the location from which they were
originally “deleted.” If the directory folder in which the selected files were
stored has also been “deleted,” the folder is also recovered.
Note: You must have adequate permissions and ownership of a file in order to
recover it from the Recovery Bin.
To restore the selected files to a different location, click Browse and navigate to
the disk and directory folder where you want to save the restored file. You can
also click Cancel to close the dialog without recovering the files, and return to
the main Recovery Bin display.
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Operation
Important Points about the Recovery
Bin
Here are some important points to remember about the Recovery Bin:
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In keeping with NTFS file security, you must have sufficient file
permissions and ownership to recover a file from the Recovery Bin.
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You can adjust the size of the Recovery Bin by using the Recovery Bin
Properties option.
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You can “drag and drop” files from your desktop or from Windows
Explorer into the Recovery Bin icon on your desktop, but not into the main
Recovery Bin interface.
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By default, when the Recovery Bin reaches the size you have specified, it is
automatically partially purged to make room for newly deleted files. For
this reason, files that were once stored in the Recovery Bin can become no
longer available from the Recovery Bin. (Although they still may be
recoverable with the Undelete From Disk feature). This default can be
changed with the Recovery Bin Properties option by selecting Disable
Recovery Bin when Max size is reached, but selecting this option can
cause the Recovery Bin to fill completely, and additional file “deletions”
will not be moved to the Recovery Bin.
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If a file of the same name exists in the “deleted” file’s previous location, the
“deleted” file cannot be recovered. Undelete will not overwrite an existing
file while recovering a “deleted” file. In such a case, rename the existing
file before recovering the "deleted" file.
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You can set the Recovery Bin properties by right-clicking the Recovery Bin
icon on your desktop.
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You can right-click selected files in the Recovery Bin to recover or delete
them from the Recovery Bin.
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You can also right-click individual files in the Recovery Bin to add them to
the Recovery Bin Exclusion List. (Note that the Recovery Bin Exclusion
List only applies to local files. You cannot right-click to exclude files from
Recovery Bins on shared network folders.) You can add the file to the
Exclusion List in one of three ways:
a)
By filename—all the files on the system with that name and extension
will be excluded.
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Operation
b) By file type—all the files of that type on the system with that file
extension will be excluded.
c)
By directory—all the files in that directory folder on the volume will be
excluded.
Searching the Recovery Bin
If you do not know the folder where a particular deleted file was located, the
Search Recovery Bin feature can come in handy. You can search for deleted
files by name and location, by date created or deleted, and by owner. These
search methods can be combined, if desired.
Searching by Name and Location
Click Search recovery bin for file(s)
or click the File menu and select
Find files in Recovery Bin… to open the Recovery Bin Search dialog. Click the
Name & Location tab, then click Browse to see a display similar to this:
The various controls and components of this dialog box are described below:
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Operation
Name
Use this section of the Recovery Bin Search display to specify the name of the
deleted file you want to find. You can use wildcard characters (* and ?) in this
section of the display, but by default all file names and types are searched for.
Location
Use this section of the Recovery Bin Search display to specify the disk volume
and directory folder of the file you want to undelete.
Use the Browse button to navigate to different drives and folders on your
computer to speed up your search for the correct path.
Browse
Click this button to navigate to the path of the disk volume and directory folder
where the file you want to undelete resided immediately before it was deleted.
Include subfolders in search
When this option is enabled, any subfolders below the specified directory folder
will be searched for files that match the specified search pattern.
Search
Click this button to find any previously deleted files that match the file name
(with optional wildcards) in the Name box and the location specified in the
Location box.
After a deleted file has been found, it can be recovered, removed from the
Recovery Bin, or added to the Exclusion List by right-clicking on the filename
and selecting the appropriate menu item. (Note that the Recovery Bin Exclusion
List only applies to local files. You cannot right-click to exclude files from
Recovery Bins on shared network folders.)
Stop
Click this button to stop an ongoing file search.
Close
Click this button to close the Search Recovery Bin display and return to the
main Recovery Bin display.
Recoverable Files Section
This section of the Recovery Bin Search dialog shows information about any
files found during the search:
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Operation
Name
This section of the display shows the original filename and extension of the
detected files.
In the case of the Recovery Bin, this section shows the names of the files stored
in the various \RecoveryBin\ directory folders on your computer. Right-click the
filename as a shortcut to Recover or Delete the selected file.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by name in forward or
reverse alphabetical order.
Size
This section of the Search Recovery Bin display shows the size of the deleted
files stored in the Recovery Bin.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by size in forward or reverse
order.
Date Deleted
This section of the Search Recovery Bin display shows the date a file was
“deleted” and moved to the Recovery Bin.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by the date they were
deleted, shown alternately in forward or reverse date order.
Date Created
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows the date a file was created.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by the date they were
created, shown alternately in forward or reverse date order.
Deleted By
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows the names of the accounts used
to delete files.
Note that the name reported in the “Deleted by” column is the name of the
account that was used to authorize the file deletion. In the case of a local file
delete, this is the account under which you logged in, shown as the name of the
local machine, followed by the name of the account used on that machine. If you
are logged on using a domain account, the name shown will be the name of the
domain followed by the domain account name.
When files are deleted from a remote machine via a mapped share, things are a
bit more complicated. In this case, the account shown is the account that
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Operation
authorized the mapping of the share on the machine to which the disk is directly
attached. Thus, if you log onto LOCAL1\YourName, map a share on SERVER1
using your DOMAIN1\YourName account, and delete a file on the share, the
"Deleted by" name is "DOMAIN1\YourName" in the Recovery Bin on
SERVER1. This is because SERVER1 does not “know” anything about the
LOCAL1\YourName local account—it only knows about, and can get
information for, the DOMAIN1\YourName account.
Owned By
This section of the Recovery Bin display shows who, if anyone, owned the
deleted file.
Note that files on FAT volumes display “No Owner” in this column, because the
FAT file system does not track file ownership.
Original Location
This section of the Search Recovery Bin display shows the disk volume and
directory folder where a file was originally located. When you recover a file, it
will be placed in its original location.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by original location in
forward or reverse alphabetical order.
Status Bar
This section of the Search Recovery Bin display shows information about the
Recovery Bin.
When no files are selected, the Status Bar shows the number of files in the File
Information pane, the total size of the files in the local Recovery Bin, and the
percentage of the Recovery Bin size used. Note that the percentage of the
Recovery Bin in use figure indicates the total Recovery Bin space, which can
include more than one Recovery Bin if you have specified Recovery Bins on
more than one disk volume. For this reason, there is a possibility that a small
Recovery Bin on one volume could be full while a large Recovery Bin on
another volume could be nearly empty, and the percentage of the total Recovery
Bin size used could be as low as 1 or 2 percent.
When one or more files are selected, the Status Bar shows the number of files
selected and their total size.
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Operation
Searching by Date
Click Search recovery bin for file(s)
or click the File menu and select
Find files in Recovery Bin… to open the Recovery Bin Search dialog. Click the
Date tab, then click Browse to see a display similar to this:
Follow these steps to search the Recovery Bin by date:
1.
Click the Date tab.
2.
Select the Include the date… check box.
3.
In your deleted file search, you can specify either the date the files were
created or when they were deleted. Make your selection accordingly in the
top drop-down menu box.
4.
You can specify a date range two different ways, depending on whether you
click on in the last or on between:
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By specifying how many days ago the file may have been created or
deleted, or
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By specifying a starting and ending date.
Operation
5.
After entering the date range, click Find Now. This starts the search for the
deleted file(s).
6.
After a deleted file has been found, it can be recovered, removed from the
Recovery Bin, or added to the Exclusion List by right-clicking on the
filename and selecting the appropriate menu item. (Note that the Recovery
Bin Exclusion List only applies to local files. You cannot right-click to
exclude files from Recovery Bins on shared network folders.)
7.
Click Close to close the Search Recovery Bin dialog box and to return to
the main Undelete display.
The various controls and components of the Search by Date dialog box are
described below:
Date Check Box
Select the Date check box if you want to search the Recovery Bin for files by
date.
Date Created or Deleted
Select files Created if you want to specify when the files you are searching for
were created, or select files Deleted if you want to specify when the files were
deleted.
In the last ‘N’ days
Enter how many days you want to go back in your search for deleted files. For
example, you could search for files that were deleted (or created) in the last 5
days. Type the number of days directly into the box, or use the up or down
arrow at the side of the box to increase or decrease the number shown.
Between … And
To search the Recovery Bin for files created or deleted within a given date
range, enter the starting date in the top box and the ending date in the bottom
box. Enter both dates in the correct date format for your system. Instead of
typing in the date, you can click the down arrow symbol at the side of the box
and a calendar will display, where you can browse to the desired date and click
on it. (You can also change the displayed year or month by clicking on it and
then making your selection.)
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Operation
Searching by Owner/Deleted By
Click Search recovery bin for file(s)
or click the File menu and select
Find files in Recovery Bin… to open the Recovery Bin Search dialog. Click the
Owner/Deleted by tab, then click Browse to see a display similar to this:
Note that file ownership only applies to NTFS volumes. The owner of a file is
the user account, or the group account that is registered with NTFS as having
ownership of the file.
Follow these steps to search the Recovery Bin by owner:
1.
Click the Owner/Deleted by tab.
2.
Enable the Owned by option and enter the username of the person who last
owned the deleted file you are looking for, and/or:
3.
Enable the Deleted by option and enter the username of the person who
deleted the file you are looking for.
4.
Click Find Now. This starts the search for the deleted file(s).
5.
After a deleted file has been found, it can be recovered, removed from the
Recovery Bin, or added to the Exclusion List by right-clicking on the
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Operation
filename and selecting the appropriate menu item. (Note that the Recovery
Bin Exclusion List only applies to local files. You cannot right-click to
exclude files from Recovery Bins on shared network folders.)
6.
Click Close to close the Search Recovery Bin dialog box and to return to
the main Undelete display.
Undelete From Disk
Click Find files on disk
or the Find files on disk… option in the File
menu to recover files that have really been deleted.
When you delete a file in Windows, the system does not remove it from the
disk, but instead marks the space the file occupies as free space. When you
recover a file with Undelete From Disk, a new file is created and the old file
data is then copied into the new file. We recommend that you recover the file to
a volume other than the one from which the file was deleted. This prevents the
old file data from being overwritten by the new file, which would render it
unrecoverable.
The Undelete From Disk feature allows you to recover files that really have
been deleted, such as files purged from the Recovery Bin, or files that were
deleted when the Recovery Bin was not enabled. Undelete From Disk can also
be used to recover files from volumes or directory folders that have been
excluded from Recovery Bin processing. Note that this operation can only
succeed if the space occupied by the file that is to be undeleted has not been
overwritten during the time it was marked as free space.
Important Points about the Undelete
From Disk Feature
Here are some important points about using the Undelete From Disk feature:
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In keeping with NTFS file security, you must be a member of the
Administrators group and have sufficient file permissions and ownership to
recover a file directly from the disk.
Note: A file that is recovered with the Undelete From Disk feature will
default to the security attributes of the user (Administrator) doing the file
recovery.
23
Operation
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2
The Undelete From Disk feature can recover files that have been purged
from the Recovery Bin (using the Empty Recovery Bin button or menu
option), files deleted from directory folders that have been excluded from
Recovery Bin processing (using the Recovery Bin Exclusion button or
menu option), or files deleted from drives on which Recovery Bin
processing is disabled (using the Recovery Bin Properties option).
The Undelete From Disk feature can even undelete files that were deleted
before you installed Undelete! Note, however, that simply installing an
application (including Undelete) can overwrite the same files you want to
recover. For this reason, Emergency Undelete is the recommended tool for
recovering files that have been accidentally deleted before you install
Undelete.
For best results in recovering files that have really been deleted, use the
Undelete From Disk feature as soon as possible after deleting the file. This
increases the chances that your file recovery will be successful.
When a file is really deleted, the space it occupied on the volume is marked
as available free space, but the file data still remains on the volume until the
space is used to store another file. Therefore, there are cases where the
Undelete From Disk feature may not be able to recover the deleted file, or
may only be able to recover a portion of the file. As a general rule, the more
disk activity that occurs after a file is deleted, the higher the chances are that
new or modified files will overwrite the file information.
When a deleted file has been partially overwritten with new data, there is a
possibility that the Undelete From Disk feature may report successfully
undeleting the file, when in fact a portion of the file has been overwritten
and is thus corrupt.
On NTFS volumes, only Small and Large file types2 are eligible for being
undeleted directly from the disk.
When undeleting fragmented files on FAT volumes, the Undelete From
Disk feature may only be able to undelete the first contiguous portion of the
In the NTFS file system, four file types exist. Small files are contained entirely within a single
record in the Master File Table (MFT). Large files are stored elsewhere on the disk, but the index
information pertaining to the file, including the locations of the various fragments of the file, is
contained within a single record in the MFT. Huge files are similar to Large files, but they have
enough additional file record information (such as additional file security information, or a large
number of file fragment locations) to require two or more file records within the MFT. Extremely
Huge files are files that contain so much additional file information (again, either file security
information or the locations of a very large number of file fragments) that more than two file
records are necessary within the MFT, plus space on the disk outside the MFT is used for storing
additional file record information.
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Operation
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file. A partial recovery of a text file can be better than none, but the partial
recovery of an executable file will not be of much help. For this reason, it is
important to keep your files defragmented (particularly files on FAT
volumes). Of course, Executive Software has the answer for file
fragmentation—Diskeeper!
Files that have been removed from the Recovery Bin have a unique file
identification number added to the original filename. (This prevents
undeleted files of the same name from overwriting each other.) If these files
are later recovered with the Undelete From Disk feature, their filenames
may be shortened, since the file identification is removed when the file is
recovered from the disk. If the name part of the filename is longer than 32
characters, it is truncated to the first 32 characters when the file is renamed
in the Recovery Bin. Similarly, if the file extension is longer than 12
characters, it is truncated after the first 12 characters.
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Files that have been removed from the Recovery Bin will be listed with the
Recovery Bin location as their “Original Location”, since that is where they
resided before they were really deleted. . This is a directory folder named
\RecoveryBin\ on the volume(s) where you have specified Recovery Bins
should reside on your system.
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Note that when files are deleted from the Recovery Bin when the
“SecureDelete” feature is enabled in the Recovery Bin properties, the
deleted files will not be recoverable with the Undelete From Disk feature.
Using the Undelete From Disk
Interface
The interface for the Undelete From Disk feature offers a limited set of the
Recovery Bin menu options, and the toolbar is disabled, with the exception of
the Help button.
After you specify a filename and disk volume location to search for, the display
also shows a listing of the files matching the search criteria that have really been
deleted from your disk volume.
25
Operation
Here is an example of the Undelete From Disk interface:
Follow these steps to recover a file with the Undelete From Disk feature:
1.
Enter the name of the file you want to undelete in the Name: field of the
Undelete From Disk display. You can use wildcard characters (such as
*.doc or *.*) if you don’t recall the name of the file.
2.
Enter the letter of the drive you want to search in the Location: field of the
Undelete From Disk display. You can optionally enter a directory folder
name (such as D:\My Documents). Use the Browse button to see the drives
and folders on your computer.
3.
Click Find Deleted Files. This starts the search for deleted files.
4.
Once the search is complete, highlight the name of the file (or files) you
want to undelete.
5.
Click Undelete File(s). This causes a new dialog box to be displayed.
6.
Enter the drive letter and directory folder name of the location where you
want the undeleted file to be written in the Path: field. You can use the
Browse button to navigate to the desired location.
26
Operation
If you have more than one disk volume, be sure to specify a volume other
than the one where the file was originally located. This prevents the new,
recovered file from overwriting portions of the old, deleted file.
7.
Click OK. The file(s) you have selected will be recovered if possible, and
written to the location you have specified.
The various components of the Undelete From Disk interface are described in
the following section:
Name
Use this section of the Undelete From Disk feature display to specify the name
of the file you want to undelete. You can use wildcard characters (* and ?) in
this section of the display.
You must provide a filename or wildcard sequence (such as *.doc) as a search
pattern to use for finding files to undelete.
Note that if you are undeleting a file that has been purged from the Recovery
Bin, the filenames may have been shortened. If the name part of the filename is
longer than 32 characters, it is truncated to the first 32 characters when the file is
recovered and placed back into the Bin. Likewise, if the file extension is longer
than 12 characters, it is truncated after the first 12 characters.
Location
Use this section of the Undelete From Disk feature display to specify the disk
volume and directory folder of the file you want to undelete.
You can use the Browse button to speed up your search for the correct path.
Note that with Undelete Server Edition, you can also specify disk volumes and
folders on remote computers! Simply use the Connect Remote Computer
option in the Tools menu to connect to the remote computer first.
Browse
Click this button to search for the path of the disk volume and directory folder
where the file you want to undelete resided immediately before it was deleted.
Note that if you are undeleting a file that has been purged from the Recovery
Bin, the disk volume and directory folder will be the location you have specified
for the Recovery Bin to reside. This is one or more folders named \RecoveryBin\
on the individual volumes where you have enabled Recovery Bin processing.
27
Operation
Include Subfolders
When this option is enabled, any subfolders below the specified directory folder
will be searched for files that match the specified search pattern.
Find Deleted Files
Click this button to start the search for the specified files. All detected files
matching the search criteria will be displayed in the file listing.
Undelete Files
Click this button to undelete any files whose names have been highlighted in the
Name column of the Undelete display. You can select more than one file at a
time to undelete. To select more than one file to undelete, hold the <Ctrl> key
while clicking on the filenames listed in the Name section that you want to
undelete. Or, you can hold the <Shift> key to select a continuous list of files in
the Name section.
When you use the Undelete Files button, a dialog box is displayed, prompting
you to specify a disk volume and directory folder into which the selected files
should be undeleted.
Note: If at all possible, you should undelete files to a volume other than where
they originally resided. Writing a file (which includes recovering it with the
Undelete From Disk feature) to the same disk volume where it originally resided
can potentially overwrite the very file you are trying to undelete.
Some other points to consider when undeleting files that have been previously
purged from the Recovery Bin:
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Files that have been removed from the Undelete Recovery Bin have a
unique file identification number added to the original filename. (This
prevents undeleted files of the same name from overwriting each other.) If
these files are later recovered with the Undelete From Disk feature, their
filenames may be shortened, since the file identification is removed when
the file is recovered from the disk. If the name part of the filename is longer
than 32 characters, it is truncated to the first 32 characters when the file is
renamed in the Recovery Bin. Similarly, if the file extension is longer than
12 characters, it is truncated after the first 12 characters.
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Regardless of where a file was originally "deleted" from (and moved into
the Recovery Bin), a file that has been purged from the Recovery Bin will
be listed in the Undelete display as having the \RecoveryBin\ folder as its
Original Location. This is because the \RecoveryBin\ folder was the
location from which it was truly deleted.
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Operation
Stop
Click this button to stop an ongoing Undelete From Disk activity, such as
searching the disk volume for deleted files.
Close
Click this button to close the Undelete From Disk feature display and return to
the Recovery Bin display.
Name
This section of the Undelete From Disk feature display shows the original
filename and extension of the deleted files.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by name in forward or
reverse alphabetical order.
Size
This section of the Undelete From Disk feature display shows the size of the
deleted files stored in the Recovery Bin.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by size in forward or reverse
order.
Date Modified
This section of the Undelete From Disk feature display shows the date a deleted
file was last modified.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by date in forward or reverse
order.
Original Location
This section of the Undelete From Disk feature display shows the disk volume
and directory folder where a deleted file was originally located. When you
recover a file, you should recover it to a different disk volume, to prevent the
file data from being overwritten.
Click on the title bar in this section to sort the files by original location in
forward or reverse alphabetical order.
File ID
This section of the Undelete From Disk feature display shows the unique file
identification used internally by the Undelete From Disk feature to speed the
recovery of a deleted file from the disk.
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Operation
Setting the Recovery Bin Properties
Use the Recovery Bin Properties button
or the Recovery Bin
Properties… option on the Tools menu to establish rules for where the
Recovery Bin files are stored on your disk(s) and the percentage of disk space
they will be allowed to use. You can also right-click the Recovery Bin icon on
your desktop to open the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box.
You can either set “global” rules for all the disk volumes detected on your
computer, or set different rules for each of your volumes. You can also set
properties for how often files are purged from the Recovery Bin.
Properties Dialog Box
Here is an example of the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box:
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Operation
Property Box Tabs
Use the Global Settings tab to set properties for all the drives on your system,
and the individual drive letter tabs to set properties for individual drives.
Note that, depending on which other options have been set in the Global Settings
tab display, options shown within the individual drive letter tabs may or may not
be available.
Click the other tabs to select the Common Bin display, or the individual drives
for which you want to set Undelete Recovery Bin properties.
Use the Common Bin tab to set properties for a common Recovery Bin. The
options on the Common Bin tab only apply if you have selected the Use one
Recovery Bin for all drives option.
Each drive has its own Recovery Bin
When this option is enabled, each drive on which the Recovery Bin is activated
has a location specified where the Recovery Bin files reside.
Use one Recovery Bin for all drives
When this option is enabled, all files placed in the Recovery Bin are located in a
single, common directory folder. You can specify the location and name of this
folder from within the Common Bin tab display.
Note that when you specify a single, common Recovery Bin for all your
volumes, files that have previously been moved to the local Recovery Bins (the
folders named \RecoveryBin\) will not be automatically moved to the common
Recovery Bin.
Note: Using a Common Recovery Bin on a network server will cause the
deleted files on the server to be copied into a single location. If a large number
of deletions take place on the network, this can add considerable I/O overhead.
This overhead is apparent not only on the disk where the Common Recovery
Bin is located, but also on the disk from where the files are being copied. For
this reason, a Common Recovery Bin is not recommended on a busy server.
Instead, enable the Recovery Bin individually on each drive.
Enable Recovery Bin on all drives
When this option is enabled, the Recovery Bin is activated on all the drives on
your system. When the Recovery Bin is enabled for all drives, files that are
moved to the Recovery Bin are stored in directory folders named \RecoveryBin\
on each of the drives (or single drive if using a Common Bin).
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Operation
Enable/Disable Recovery Bin individually on each drive
When this option is enabled, you can activate the Recovery Bin on individual
drives. This option is useful in cases where you do not want all of your disk
volumes to be enabled for Recovery Bin processing.
After setting this option, use the individual drive letter tabs in the Recovery Bin
Properties display to enable and disable Recovery Bin processing on each drive
and to specify the size of the Recovery Bin for each enabled drive.
Turn off Recovery Bin on all drives
When this option is enabled, deleted files are not moved into the Recovery Bin.
Instead, they are fully deleted. (Of course, depending on the disk activity after
they are deleted, you may be able to recover even fully-deleted files with the
Undelete From Disk feature.)
Disable Recovery Bin when Max Size is reached
When this option is enabled, files are no longer moved to the Recovery Bin after
it reaches the maximum size you have specified. Any additional file “deletions”
will not move files into the Recovery Bin—instead, the files will truly be
deleted. (They can, however, still often be recovered with the Undelete From
Disk feature.)
Auto Purge when Bin becomes full
When this option is enabled, the Recovery Bin is partially purged automatically
whenever it fills to the size you have specified as its maximum.
When a file “deletion” causes the Recovery Bin to fill to 100% of its maximum
size, just enough files will be purged from the Recovery Bin to make room for
the new file. Files are purged from the Recovery Bin on a first-in, first-out basis.
The files that have been in the Recovery Bin for the longest time will be the first
files purged from it.
Note that you can also purge files from the Recovery Bin based on how long the
files have been in the Recovery Bin. You can specify how many days files
should be left in the Recovery Bin before being purged. This “date-based” purge
feature is available from the individual drive tabs and the Common Bin tab. As
an option, date-based purging can be used together with the Auto Purge
function.
Display Recovery Bin Full warnings
When this option is enabled, a message is displayed prompting you to empty the
Recovery Bin when it reaches the size you have specified. When the warning
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Operation
message is displayed, you should remove files from the Recovery Bin by either
selecting files to remove or by emptying the Recovery Bin.
When this option is disabled, no message is displayed when the Recovery Bin
reaches the specified size.
This option is only available when you have also enabled the Disable Recovery
Bin when Max Size is Reached option. When the Recovery Bin is disabled in
this way, any additional file “deletions” will not move files into the Recovery
Bin—instead, the files will truly be deleted. (They can, however, still often be
recovered with the Undelete From Disk feature.)
Do not save zero-length files
When this option is enabled, zero-length files are not moved to the Recovery
Bin when they are “deleted”. A zero-length file is actually a file record, which
contains no data, so there is little chance you would need to recover it. Also, the
filenames of zero-length files can needlessly clutter up the Recovery Bin file
listing.
When this option is disabled, zero-length files are moved to the Recovery Bin.
Enable Recovery Bin Virus Protection
Some viruses do their damage by forcing the length of a user’s file to zero,
which renders that file unusable. Selecting the Enable Recovery Bin Virus
Protection option provides some added protection against these viruses by
preventing any files in the Recovery Bins or Common Bin from being made
zero length. Note, however, this option is no substitute for the use of virus
protection software.
Enable Recovery Bin SecureDelete
When enabled, this security feature will permanently erase any file that is
deleted from the Recovery Bin. This is done by overwriting it three times with
bit patterns specified for this purpose by the National Security Agency (NSA)
for the Department of Defense (DOD). Finally, after the file has been
overwritten, it is deleted. The SecureDelete procedure makes it virtually
impossible for anyone to access sensitive file data from a disk after it has been
deleted from the Recovery Bin.
Note: Because Undelete From Disk will be ineffective on files deleted from the
Recovery Bin with SecureDelete enabled and because of increased disk traffic,
SecureDelete should be enabled only when security reasons require it.
33
Operation
Confirm each delete from Recovery Bin
When this option is enabled, a message is displayed each time you request that
one or more files be deleted from the Recovery Bin.
OK
Click OK to accept any changes you have made to the Recovery Bin properties
and to close the dialog box.
Cancel
Click Cancel to close the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box without making
any changes.
Apply
Click Apply to cause any changes you have made to the Recovery Bin
properties to take effect, without closing the Properties dialog box.
34
Operation
Common Bin Tab
The Common Bin display is enabled when the Use one Recovery Bin location
for all drives option has been enabled under the Global Settings tab of the
Recovery Bin Properties dialog box. Here is an example:
Drive
Use this section of the Recovery Bin Properties display to specify the drive
where you want the Common Recovery Bin to be located. Note that this option
is only available when the One Recovery Bin Location for All Drives option
has been enabled
35
Operation
Drive space to use
Use the slider control to specify the maximum size of the Recovery Bin, based
on a percentage of the total disk space.
Depending on the other Recovery Bin Properties options you choose, one of two
things will happen when the Recovery Bin reaches the size set with this option.
ƒ
If you have selected the Disable Recovery Bin when Max Size is reached
option, any file “deletions” done after the Recovery Bin becomes full will
not move files into the Recovery Bin—instead, the files will truly be
deleted. (They can, however, still often be recovered with the Undelete
From Disk feature.)
ƒ
If you have selected the Auto Purge when Bin becomes full option, files
are purged from the Recovery Bin as needed to create space for newlydeleted files. Files are purged on a first-in, first-out basis. The files that
have been in the Recovery Bin for the longest time will be the first files
purged from it.
Recovery Bin Size
This section of the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box shows the size of the
Recovery Bin, in megabytes. The size of the Recovery Bin is changed with the
slider control.
Purge Files Older Than ‘N’ Days
With this option enabled, if a file has been in the Recovery Bin for more than
the specified number of days, it will be purged from the Recovery Bin. Use the
spin buttons to change the number of days to a figure that will work well for
you.
Note that this option works independently of other purge options that can be
found under the Global Settings tab.
Save files deleted from Macintosh shares
Using Windows Services for Macintosh (SFM) it is possible to make one or
more shared folders or disks visible to Macintosh computers on your network.
Special actions are required by Undelete to save files deleted from these
Macintosh shares. The actions needed to copy these files into the Undelete
Recovery Bin involve more work and time than a normal file deletion, and thus
Macintosh file deletions from SFM served shares may take more time. There is
no impact to local files deleted from the Macintosh or to files on non-SFM
shares on the server.
36
Operation
Enable this option to cause files deleted from SFM shares to be saved in the
Recovery Bin (as long as the file is not on the Undelete exclusion list). When
this option is not enabled, files deleted from SFM shares are not saved in the
Recovery Bin. This option is enabled by default. We recommend leaving it
enabled unless deletion performance on SFM shares is critical to your operation.
Individual Disk Volume Tabs
These are enabled when the Each drive has its own Recovery Bin option has
been selected under the Global Settings tab of the Recovery Bin Properties
dialog box. Here is an example:
Enable Recovery Bin on this Drive
This option is available if the Enable Recovery Bin individually on each drive
option was selected under the Global Settings tab.
37
Operation
Select this option if you want to be able to recover deleted files on the drive
specified by the currently selected tab. If this option is cleared, any files deleted
on this drive will not be saved at all.
Note that if One Recovery Bin location for all drives was selected under the
Global Settings tab, the deleted files will be saved to the Common Bin, which is
likely to be on a different drive.
Drive Space to Use and Recovery Bin Size
This section of the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box shows the size of the
Recovery Bin, in megabytes. The size of the Recovery Bin is changed with the
slider control.
Purge Files Older Than ‘N’ Days
With this option enabled, if a file has been in the Recovery Bin for more than
the specified number of days, it will be purged from the Recovery Bin. Use the
spin buttons to change the number of days to a figure that will work well for
you.
Note that this option works independently of other purge options that can be
found under the Global Settings tab.
Save files deleted from Macintosh volumes
Using Windows Services for Macintosh (SFM) it is possible to make one or
more shared folders or disks visible to Macintosh computers on your network.
Special actions are required by Undelete to save files deleted from these
Macintosh shares. The actions needed to copy these files into the Undelete
Recovery Bin involve more work and time than a normal file deletion, and thus
Macintosh file deletions from SFM served shares may take more time. There is
no impact to local files deleted from the Macintosh or to files on non-SFM
shares on the server.
Enable this option to cause files deleted from SFM shares to be saved in the
Recovery Bin (as long as the file is not on the Undelete exclusion list). When
this option is not enabled, files deleted from SFM shares are not saved in the
Recovery Bin. This option is enabled by default. We recommend leaving it
enabled unless deletion performance on SFM shares is critical to your operation.
38
Operation
Connect to Network Folder
Note: This option is not available in Undelete Home Edition.
or the Connect Network
Use the Connect to a network folder button
Folder… option in the Tools menu to connect to a folder in a Recovery Bin on a
remote computer.
When you use this option, this dialog box is displayed:
Use the Display as: field to enter a name you want displayed next to the folder
in the Recovery Bin tree view pane.
In the Path: field, enter the network path of the folder to which you want to
connect, or click the Browse... button to navigate to the folder.
If you need to enter different login credentials to access the network folder, click
Connect As... to enter the appropriate login information.
Click OK to accept your selection and connect to the remote folder, or click
Cancel to cancel the operation.
39
Operation
Disconnect from a Network Folder
Note: This option is not available in Undelete Home Edition.
or the Disconnect
Use the Disconnect from a network folder button
Network Folder…option in the Tools menu to disconnect from a folder in a
Recovery Bin on a remote computer.
When you use this option, a listing of the connected remote folders is displayed.
Select the appropriate folders and click OK.
Connect to Remote Computer
Note: This option is only available with the Server Edition of Undelete.
or the Connect to
Use the Connect to a remote computer button
Remote Computer… option in the Tools menu to recover files from the
Recovery Bins on remote network computers. You can also change the
Recovery Bin properties and Exclusion Lists on remote computers. Note that
Undelete 4.0 (or higher) Server or Professional must also be running on the
remote computer.
When this option is used, a dialog box like this is displayed listing the domains,
workgroups, and computers detected on your network:
40
Operation
Double-click a computer name to connect to that computer, or double-click a
domain or workgroup name to expand the list of computers within that group.
Once the list is expanded, double-click the name of the individual computer on
which you want to access the Recovery Bin.
After connecting to the remote computer, you can recover files from the
Recovery Bin on the remote computer, as well as change the Recovery Bin
properties or Exclusion List.
Recovery Bin Exclusion
Use the Recovery Bin Exclusion List button
or the Exclusion List
option in the Tools menu to create a list of files and directory folders that you
want excluded from being processed by the Undelete Recovery Bin. When a
deleted file (or the folder where it is stored) is excluded from the Recovery Bin,
it really is deleted from the disk—not moved to another location on the disk (as
other files normally are) when Undelete is running.
One example of files you would likely exclude from Recovery Bin processing is
temporary files that you really do want to delete. These are often files with a
.tmp file extension, but many other extensions are also used, depending on the
applications you are running. A number of common temporary file types are
excluded from Recovery Bin processing by default.
41
Operation
Typically, when you install an application, a number of temporary files are
created, and then eventually deleted by the installation program. Also, compilers
and Web browsers often create a large number of temporary files. There is little
chance you will ever need to recover these temporary files, so by excluding
them from being processed by the Recovery Bin, the program really will delete
them, and they don’t take up Recovery Bin space unnecessarily.
The Recovery Bin Exclusion List supports wildcard file specifications (like
*.tmp), making it easy to specify a particular type of file to exclude. Note,
however, that to exclude entire volumes from Recovery Bin processing, you
must use the Recovery Bin Properties option.
Exclusion List Dialog Box
Here is an example of the Recovery Bin Exclusion List dialog box:
42
Operation
Select drive
Use this section of the Exclusion List dialog box to choose the disk volume from
which you want to exclude files or directory folders.
Select folder
Use this section of the Exclusion List dialog box to choose specific directory
folders to be excluded from Recovery Bin processing.
Select a directory by highlighting it, and then click Add Folder to List to add
the directory to the Exclusion List.
Selected folder
This section of the display shows the full path name of any folders you select.
When a directory folder is added to the Exclusion List, select the Also exclude
subfolders… check box to add files in any subdirectories below the highlighted
directory to the Exclusion List as well.
Add Folder to List
Click Add Folder to List to add the selected directory folder to the Exclusion
List.
Also exclude subfolders of selected folder
Select the Also exclude subfolders… check box to add files in any
subdirectories below the selected directory folder to the Exclusion List.
Clear this check box to allow files in subdirectories below the selected directory
in the Selected folder display to be processed by the Recovery Bin.
Select files
Use this section of the Exclusion List dialog box to choose specific files (by
name) to be excluded from Recovery Bin processing. Choose the name of the
file to be excluded, and then click Add Files to List to add the file to the
Exclusion List.
Selected files
This section of the display shows the full filename of any files you select.
Add Files to List
Click Exclude Files to add the selected file(s) to the Exclusion List.
43
Operation
Apply exclusion of the selected folder or files to all
drives
When this option is enabled, any directory path or file specification added to the
Exclusion list will be excluded from Recovery Bin processing, regardless of the
disk volume where it is found.
For example, by enabling this option when a file named “MyDocument.doc” is
specified to be added to the Exclusion List, each occurrence of this file name
will be excluded from Recovery Bin processing. This would include
C:\MyDocument.doc, as well as E:\User Files\Cassandra\MyDocument.doc.
The same can be done for directory folder paths—enabling this option when the
directory folder path “C:\Dump” is specified to be added to the Exclusion List
will also cause D:\Dump, E:\Dump, and any other \Dump folder on your system
to be excluded from Recovery Bin processing.
Exclusion List
This box shows the files and directories that will be excluded from Recovery
Bin processing.
Remove from List
Click Remove from List to remove specific files or directory folders from the
Exclusion List. To remove an item from the list, highlight the item by clicking
on it in the Exclusion List Box and click Remove from List.
OK
Click OK to close the Exclusion List dialog box and save any changes you have
made.
Cancel
Click Cancel to close the Exclusion List dialog box without saving any changes
you have made.
44
Operation
Toolbar Options
The Undelete toolbar has these buttons. They provide quick access to the main
Undelete features:
—Recover selected file(s)
—Delete selected file(s)
—Empty Recovery Bin
—Search Recovery Bin for file(s)
— Find files on disk
—Recovery Bin Exclusion List
—Recovery Bin Properties
—Connect to a network folder
—Disconnect from a network folder
—Connect to a remote computer
—Help Topics
45
Operation
Recover Selected File(s) Button
Use the Recover selected file(s) button
or the Recover files… option on
the File menu to recover one or more selected files from the Recovery Bin.
When you use this option, the selected files are normally written back to the
location from which they were “deleted”. If the directory folder in which the
selected files were stored has also been “deleted”, the folder is also recovered.
You also have the option to recover the files to another location of your choice.
Delete Selected File(s) Button
Use the Delete selected file(s) button
or the Delete from bin option on the
File menu to really delete one or more selected file(s) from the Recovery Bin.
When you use this option, the disk space where the previously deleted files were
stored is marked as available for storage of new or modified files.
Still, Undelete allows you to recover files that have been deleted from the
Recovery Bin, by using the Undelete From Disk option. Keep in mind, though,
that once the space where a file is stored is marked as available, there is a
possibility the space will be overwritten with new data as files are created or
modified on the disk.
Empty Recovery Bin Button
Use the Empty Recovery Bin button
or the Empty Recovery Bin option
in the File menu to remove all the files from the Recovery Bin.
After the Recovery Bin is emptied, the disk space where the deleted files were
stored is marked as available for storage of new or modified files. Still, Undelete
allows you to recover files that have been emptied (or removed) from the
Recovery Bin, by using the Undelete From Disk option. Keep in mind, though,
that once the space where a file is stored is marked as available, there is a
possibility the space will be overwritten with new data as files are created or
modified on the disk.
46
Operation
Search Recovery Bin for File(s) Button
Use the Search Recovery Bin for file(s) button
or the Find files in
Recovery Bin… option in the File menu to search for deleted files whose
original location is unknown. You can use wildcard characters (* and ?), as in
*.doc for example, as a search pattern to use for finding files.
After a deleted file has been found, it can be recovered, removed from the
Recovery Bin, or added to the Exclusion List by right-clicking on the filename
and selecting the appropriate menu item. (Note that the Recovery Bin Exclusion
List only applies to local files. You cannot right-click to exclude files from
Recovery Bins on shared network folders.)
Find Files on Disk Button
Use the Find files on disk button
or the Find files on disk… option in
the File menu to recover files that have really been deleted.
Note: In keeping with NTFS file security requirements, you must be a member
of the Administrators group to undelete files directly from the disk.
Recovery Bin Exclusion List Button
Use the Recovery Bin Exclusion List button
or the Exclusion List
option in the Tools menu to create a list of files and directory folders that you
want excluded from being processed by the Undelete Recovery Bin. When a
deleted file (or the folder where it is stored) is excluded from the Recovery Bin,
it really is deleted from the disk—not moved to another location on the disk (as
other files normally are) when Undelete is running.
Recovery Bin Properties Button
Use the Recovery Bin Properties button
or the Recovery Bin
Properties… option on the Tools menu to establish rules for where the
Recovery Bin files are stored on your disk(s) and the percentage of disk space
47
Operation
they will be allowed to use. You can also right-click the Recovery Bin icon on
your desktop to open the Recovery Bin Properties dialog box.
You can either set “global” rules for all the disk volumes detected on your
computer, or set different rules for each of your volumes. See page 30 for more
information about Recovery Bin properties.
Connect to a Network Folder Button
Use the Connect to a network folder button
or the Connect Network
Folder… option in the Tools menu to connect to a folder in a Recovery Bin on a
remote computer.
(This option is not available in Undelete Home Edition.)
Disconnect from a Network Folder Button
Use the Disconnect from a network folder button
or the Disconnect
Network Folder… option in the Tools menu to disconnect from a folder in a
Recovery Bin on a remote computer.
(This option is not available in Undelete Home Edition.)
Connect to a Remote Computer Button
Use the Connect to a remote computer button
or the Connect to
Remote Computer… option in the Tools menu to recover files from the
Recovery Bins on remote network computers. You can also change the
Recovery Bin properties or the Undelete Exclusion List on remote computers.
Note that Undelete 4.0 (or higher) Server or Professional must also be running
on the remote computer.
When this option is used, a dialog box is displayed listing the domains,
workgroups, and computers detected on your network. Double-click a computer
name to connect to that computer, or double-click a domain or workgroup name
to expand the list of computers within that group. Once the list is expanded,
double-click the name of the individual computer on which you want to access
the Recovery Bin.
48
Operation
After connecting to the remote computer, you can recover files from the
Recovery Bin on the remote computer, as well as change the Recovery Bin
properties or Exclusion List.
(This option is only available with the Server Edition of Undelete.)
Help Topics Button
Use the Help Topics button
or the Help Topics option in the Help menu
to display the Undelete Help system.
Using the Command Line Interface
In addition to its Graphical User Interface (GUI), Undelete supports commands
from the Windows command prompt. Both the Recovery Bin and the Undelete
From Disk feature can be controlled from the command prompt.
Two commands are available from the command prompt, reclaim and undelete,
which are described on the following pages. Both commands support several
optional command qualifiers.
To use either command, follow these steps:
1.
Open the Windows command prompt window.
2.
Type either reclaim or undelete at the command prompt, followed by any
of the optional command parameters.
The RECLAIM Command
The reclaim command manages files in the Undelete Recovery Bin. Use the
command in this form:
reclaim [Search_Pattern] [/i] [/r] [/d] [/?]
Parameters
[Search_Pattern]
Specifies a search pattern of files to search for in the Recovery Bin. This
pattern can include the following:
[Drive Letter]
49
Operation
[Pathname]
[Filename]
If no Search_Pattern is specified, all files in the Recovery Bin will be listed.
Wildcard characters (* and ?) are permitted in the filename.
/i(nclude)
Causes the files, which match the other, specified search pattern criteria in all
underlying subdirectories to be listed.
/r(ecover)
Causes the listed files to be recovered from the Recovery Bin. When /r is used,
you will be prompted to confirm the recovery of the files.
/d(elete)
Causes the listed files to be removed from the Recovery Bin. When /d is used,
you will be prompted to confirm the removal of the files.
/?
Displays the command prompt Help text.
Examples
reclaim /i
Lists all the files in the Recovery Bin, from all volumes.
reclaim C:\ /i
Lists all the Recovery Bin files from drive C: and all its underlying subfolders.
reclaim C:\Christina\Doc\Report.doc /i
Lists all the Recovery Bin files named Report.doc in the C:\Christina\Doc
folder, and any other underlying subfolders.
reclaim C:\Ann\ /i
Lists all the Recovery Bin files in the C:\Ann folder and any other underlying
subfolders.
reclaim \Julie\*.doc /i
Lists all the Recovery Bin files with the .doc file extension in the \Julie folder
and any other underlying subfolders on all volumes.
50
Operation
reclaim \Julie\*.doc /i /r
Similar to the command above, but after the Recovery Bin files are listed, you
are given the option to recover the listed files from the Recovery Bin.
reclaim \Julie\*.doc /i /d
Again similar to the command above, but after the Recovery Bin files are listed,
you are given the option to remove (delete) the listed files from the Recovery
Bin.
The UNDELETE Command
The undelete command lists and recovers deleted files directly from the disk.
Use the command in this form:
undelete Search_Pattern [/d=destination_path] [/i] [/?]
Parameters
Search_Pattern
Specifies which drive letter, and/or path and filename to search for deleted files.
The search pattern is a required parameter. Wildcard characters (* and ?) are
permitted in the filename.
/d(estination)
Specifies the destination of the files to be undeleted. If this parameter is not
used, the files matching the search pattern that are candidates to be undeleted
will be listed, but not recovered. To recover the files, you must specify a valid
drive letter and directory folder for the destination.
/i(nclude)
Causes the files, which match the other, specified search pattern criteria in all
underlying subdirectories to be listed.
/?
Displays the command prompt Help text.
Examples
undelete C:\
Lists all deleted files on the C: drive.
51
Operation
undelete C:\Kian\
Lists all deleted files in the C:\Kian folder.
undelete C:\*.doc /i
Lists all deleted *.doc files on the C: drive.
undelete C:\*.doc /d=C:\TEMP /i
Lists all deleted *.doc files on the C: drive and prompts you to undelete any
candidate files found to the C:\TEMP folder.
52
Emergency Undelete
Chapter 3
Emergency Undelete™
This chapter describes how to run Emergency Undelete, and provides important
additional information.
The CD-ROM and downloadable versions of Undelete include Emergency
Undelete, a unique tool used to recover accidentally deleted files and directory
folders before you've installed the full Undelete product.
Since the installation of any software can overwrite accidentally deleted files,
Emergency Undelete runs directly off your CD-ROM or floppy disk drive,
installing no files at all onto your disk drive.
Important Points for Using
Emergency Undelete
Once a file is deleted, the chances of fully recovering that file decrease
considerably when other activity occurs on the same disk volume. To improve
the possibility of a complete recovery of a file that has been accidentally deleted,
Executive Software recommends the following steps:
1.
Stop all activity on the disk volume where the accidentally deleted file
resided. Do not save any files that are currently open, since this causes a
write operation on the disk.
2.
If the computer is on a network, disconnect the network cable if possible.
This prevents disk activity caused by remote users from writing over the file
you want to recover. (Keep the network cable connected if you want to
recover the file to a disk volume on a remote computer.)
3.
After Emergency Undelete has located the file, recover the file to a local or
remote disk volume other than the volume from which the file was
recovered. This prevents the deleted file from accidentally being written
over by the write operation of the recovery process.
Note: On FAT volumes, files with short names (8.3 format) that have really
been deleted will have the first character of the filename replaced by a tilde (~).
53
Emergency Undelete
For example, a file named test.txt, when deleted, will be renamed to ~est.txt and
will be displayed that way in the Emergency Undelete windows.
Known Restrictions and Limitations
1.
When you undelete a file, you must first specify the filename and directory
path before finding the deleted files. Wildcard statements (such as * and ?)
are supported for specifying the filename.
2.
On NTFS volumes, only Small and Large file types3 are eligible for being
undeleted directly from the disk.
Required Privileges
You must be a member of the Administrators group to operate Emergency
Undelete. This is necessary in order to conform to NTFS file security.
Running Emergency Undelete
The operation of Emergency Undelete is similar to running the Undelete From
Disk feature in either the Server, Professional or Home edition of Undelete. Of
course, you must have the Undelete CD-ROM (or the Emergency Undelete
floppy disk) in the appropriate drive on your computer.
Follow these steps to recover a file with Emergency Undelete:
1.
3
Locate the EmergUnd.exe file on the CD-ROM or floppy disk and doubleclick it.
In the NTFS file system, four file types exist. Small files are contained entirely within a
single record in the Master File Table (MFT). Large files are stored elsewhere on the
disk, but the index information pertaining to the file, including the locations of the
various fragments of the file, is contained within a single record in the MFT. Huge files
are similar to Large files, but they have enough additional file record information (such
as additional file security information, or a large number of file fragment locations) to
require two or more file records within the MFT. Extremely Huge files are files that
contain so much additional file information (again, either file security information or
the locations of a very large number of file fragments) that more than two file records
are necessary within the MFT, plus space on the disk outside the MFT is used for
storing additional file record information.
54
Emergency Undelete
2.
Enter the name of the file you want to undelete in the Name: field of the
Emergency Undelete display. You can use wildcard characters (such as
*.doc or *.*) if you don’t recall the name of the file.
3.
Enter the letter of the drive you want to search in the Location: field of the
Undelete display. You can optionally enter a directory folder name (such as
D:\My Documents). Use the Browse button to see the drives and folders on
your computer.
4.
Click Search. This starts the search for deleted files.
5.
Once the search is complete, highlight the name of the file (or files) you
want to undelete.
6.
Click Undelete Files…. This causes a new dialog box to be displayed.
7.
Enter the drive letter and directory folder name of the location where you
want the undeleted file to be written in the Path: field. You can use the
Browse button to navigate to the desired location.
If you have more than one disk volume, be sure to specify a volume other
than the one where the file was originally located. This prevents the new,
recovered file from overwriting portions of the old, deleted file.
8.
Click OK. The file(s) you have selected will be recovered if possible, and
written to the location you have specified.
55
Using PushInstall
Chapter 4
Using PushInstall
This chapter explains how to use the PushInstall feature to install Undelete on
computers throughout your network.
Note: The PushInstall feature is only available in Undelete Server Edition.
About PushInstall
Use the Undelete PushInstall feature to install or uninstall Professional Edition
or Server Edition on selected computers throughout your network. Note that you
must have valid Undelete licenses for the machines on which you intend to
install Undelete.
You must have Administrator access on all the selected computers to PushInstall
Undelete to Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server
2003 systems. If necessary, the PushInstall program will prompt you to enter
login credentials for the machine(s) to which you are PushInstalling.
The PushInstall feature establishes a network connection with the selected
machines, then installs the selected Undelete edition to those computers. It relies
on having the installable Undelete package(s) available to be installed. The first
time you use the PushInstall feature, the program attempts to detect the
installable files. If they cannot be found, you will see a dialog box prompting
you for the location of the installation package. You can use either a CD-ROM
or downloaded installation package. Once you choose the Setup.exe file, the
installation package is copied to a storage area used by the PushInstall program.
If you try to PushInstall an Undelete version that is not compatible with the
target machine, a message explaining the situation is displayed. Messages are
also displayed to let you know the status of the installations.
Before the PushInstall operation begins, you will see a message asking you to
confirm the version and build numbers of the installable package.
57
Using PushInstall
Running PushInstall
Follow these steps to install Undelete Professional or Server editions to remote
computers on your network. The same steps apply for remote uninstallation as
well:
1.
From the Windows Start menu, select Programs, then Undelete
PushInstall.
2.
A welcome screen is displayed. Click Next to continue. You will see a
screen similar to this:
1. Select the machine(s)
to which you want to
PushInstall Undelete
2. Select a product to
install, or select
Uninstall to remove
any edition
3. Click Next
58
Using PushInstall
3.
If necessary, the PushInstall program will prompt you to enter login
credentials for the machine(s) to which you are PushInstalling. In this case,
you will see a message similar to this:
Enter a username and password for an account that is a member of the
Administrators (or Domain Administrators) group for the domain on which
you are installing or uninstalling Undelete.
4.
Once the PushInstall process has started, messages are displayed showing
you the status of the operation.
59
Frequently Asked Questions
Appendix A
Frequently Asked Questions
Executive Software maintains an up-to-date list of the most frequently asked
questions (FAQs) about Undelete on their Web site. This list is updated as often
as necessary to ensure most common questions are answered. Quite often, you
can find answers to your questions and solutions to any problems you may have
regarding Undelete by checking the Executive Software Web site.
The Undelete FAQs are at:
www.executive.com/undelete
61
Supported Operating Systems
Appendix B
Supported Operating Systems
63
Technical Support
Appendix C
Technical Support
U.S. Support Services
Registered users are entitled to 90 days of free telephone support, as well as
special upgrade pricing, from Executive Software. Our free technical support is
available Monday through Friday during the first 90 days from 7:00 A.M. to 5:30
P.M. Pacific time. If you have not yet registered your Undelete purchase, use the
registration card in your Undelete box and do so now. Or, register your purchase
online via our Web site at:
http://www.executive.com
Most technical support questions can be answered from the Technical Support
section of our Web site at the address shown above.
You may also contact our technical support team via the Internet at:
[email protected]
or via FAX at:
818-252-5509
If you are within your 90-day free support period, or have purchased telephone
support, you can call:
818-771-1600
When your 90-day free support period has expired, you may purchase the
support plan which best suits your needs. Executive Software offers 24-hour, 7day support plans. Contact Executive Software to find out which support options
are best for you.
Executive Software’s address is:
Executive Software
7590 North Glenoaks Boulevard
Burbank, California, USA 91504
65
Technical Support
European Support Services
Registered users are entitled to 90 days of free telephone support, as well as
special upgrade pricing, from Executive Software. Our free technical support is
available Monday through Friday during the first 90 days from 8:30 to 17:30
GMT. If you have not yet registered your Undelete purchase, use the registration
card in your Undelete box and do so now. Or, register your purchase online via
our Web site at:
http://www.execsoft.co.uk
Most technical support questions can be answered from the Technical Support
section of our Web site at the address shown above.
You may also contact our technical support team via the Internet at:
[email protected]
or via FAX at:
+44 (0) 1342-327390
If you are within your 90-day free support period, or have purchased telephone
support, you can call:
+44 (0) 1342-327477
When your 90-day free support period has expired, you may purchase the
support plan which best suits your needs. Executive Software offers 24-hour, 7day support plans. Contact Executive Software to find out which support options
are best for you.
Executive Software’s address is:
Executive Software UK Inc.
Kings House, Cantelupe Road
East Grinstead, West Sussex RH19 3BE
England
66
Index
Index
A
About Executive Software .................xi
Add Files to List ............................... 43
Add Folder to List............................. 43
After the Installation ........................... 4
Apply ................................................ 34
Apply exclusion of selected folder or
files to all drives ........................... 44
Auto Purge when Bin becomes full .. 32
B
Before the Installation......................... 1
Between … And................................ 21
Browse ........................................ 17, 27
Buttons, Toolbar ............................... 45
C
Cancel ......................................... 34, 44
Check for updates ............................... 5
Close ........................................... 17, 29
Common Bin Tab.............................. 35
Common Recovery Bin drive ........... 35
Confirm each delete from Recovery
Bin................................................ 34
Connect to a Network Folder Button 48
Connect to Network Folder............... 39
Connect to Remote Computer........... 40
Connect to Remote Computer Button48
D
Date Created ................................. 9, 18
Date Created or Deleted.................... 21
Date Deleted ................................. 9, 18
Date Modified ................................... 29
Delete Selected File(s)Button ........... 46
Deleted By .................................... 9, 18
Disable Recovery Bin ....................... 32
Disconnect from a Network Folder... 40
Disconnect from a Network Folder
Button........................................... 48
Diskeeper ..........................................xii
Disks Supported.................................. 2
Display Recovery Bin Full warnings 32
Do not save zero-length files ............ 33
Drag and drop ................................... 15
Drive space to use ....................... 36, 38
E
Emergency Undelete..................... x, 53
running ......................................... 54
Empty Recovery Bin Button ............. 46
Enable Recovery Bin
individually on each drive ............ 32
on all drives .................................. 31
On this Drive ................................ 37
SecureDelete................................. 33
Virus Protection............................ 33
Exclusion List ............................. 42, 44
F
Features supported ............................ 63
File ID............................................... 29
File Information Pane ......................... 9
File Systems Supported....................... 2
Find Deleted Files ............................. 28
Find Files on Disk............................. 47
67
Index
Frequently Asked Questions ............. 61
H
Help Topics Button........................... 49
I
Important Points
about the Recovery Bin ................ 15
about Undelete...............................xi
about Undelete From Disk Feature
................................................. 23
Emergency Undelete .................... 53
In the last ‘N’ days............................ 21
Include Subfolders ...................... 28, 43
Include subfolders in search.............. 17
Individual Disk Volume Tabs ........... 37
Installation Overview.......................... 3
Installation Procedure ......................... 4
Installing
from CD-ROM ............................... 4
from Downloaded File.................... 4
L
Location ...................................... 17, 27
M
Menus ............................................... 11
N
Name........................... 9, 17, 18, 27, 29
Network Folder
Connect to .................................... 39
Disconnect from ........................... 40
68
O
OK .............................................. 34, 44
Operating Systems supported............ 63
Original Location ........................ 19, 29
Overview of Undelete ......................viii
Owned By ................................... 10, 19
P
Properties Dialog Box....................... 30
Property Box Tabs ............................ 31
Purge Files Older Than ‘N’ Days 36, 38
PushInstall
about............................................. 57
running ......................................... 58
using ............................................. 57
R
RECLAIM Command ....................... 49
Recover Selected File(s) Button........ 46
Recoverable Files section.................. 17
Recovering Files ............................... 14
Recovery Bin .....................................ix
Exclusion................................ 41, 42
Exclusion List............................... 47
on each drive ................................ 31
one for all drives........................... 31
searching....................................... 16
Setting Properties.......................... 30
Size......................................... 36, 38
using the ....................................... 13
Recovery Bin Properties Button........ 47
Registering Undelete........................... 5
Remote Computer
Connect to .................................... 40
Remove from List ............................. 44
Repairing Windows ............................ 5
Resource Requirements ...................... 3
Running Emergency Undelete .......... 54
Index
S
Save files deleted from Macintosh
shares............................................ 36
Search button .................................... 17
Search Recovery Bin................... 16, 47
Searching by Date............................. 20
Searching by Owner/Deleted By....... 22
SecureDelete ..................................... 33
Select drive ....................................... 43
Select files......................................... 43
Select folder ...................................... 43
Selected files..................................... 43
Selected folder .................................. 43
Sitekeeper .........................................xii
Size ......................................... 9, 18, 29
Status Bar.................................... 13, 19
Stop............................................. 17, 29
Support Services
Europe .......................................... 66
U.S................................................ 65
Supported
operating systems ......................... 63
T
Technical Support ............................. 65
Toolbar.............................................. 10
Toolbar Options ................................ 45
Tree View Pane................................... 8
Turn off Recovery Bin on all drives.. 32
U
UNDELETE Command .................... 51
Undelete Files ................................... 28
Undelete From Disk................ x, 23, 25
Undelete Service ................................. 5
Uninstalling Undelete ......................... 6
Updates
checking for.................................... 5
Using the Command Line Interface .. 49
Using Undelete From Disk ............... 25
V
Virus Protection ................................ 33
W
Windows
Repairing ........................................ 5
Versions Supported ........................ 1
69
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