QAD 2008 Enterprise Edition User Guide

QAD 2008 Enterprise Edition User Guide
QAD Enterprise Applications 2009
Enterprise Edition
User Guide
QAD Purchasing
Introduction to Purchasing
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Purchasing
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Supplier Performance
78-0695B
QAD 2009 Enterprise Edition
April 2009
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Copyright © 2009 by QAD Inc.
QAD Inc.
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Phone (805) 684-6614
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Contents
About This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Other QAD Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QAD Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Screen Illustrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Typographic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
Introduction to Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Global Requisition System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplier Consignment Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplier Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 2
2
2
3
3
3
6
6
6
6
Global Requisition System (GRS). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Introduction to GRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features of GRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GRS Work Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Implementing GRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning the Approval Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Define Control Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Automated E-Mail (Optional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining Approval Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting Up Jobs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10
11
12
14
16
19
23
23
24
26
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Setting Up Buyers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Setting Up Approvers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Creating Purchase Requisitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Creating a Requisition with Requisition Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Approving MRP Planned Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Reviewing and Approving Requisitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Reviewing and Approving a Requisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Using Requisitions to Build POs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Creating a Purchase Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Modifying the Purchase Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Viewing GRS Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Chapter 3
Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Introduction to Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Effect of Optional Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Types of Purchase Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Creating Standard Requisitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Creating Purchase Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Header . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Line Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Trailer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Updating Purchase Order Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Creating Blanket Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Creating Receivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
PO Receipt Packing Slip Inquiry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
PO Containers and Shippers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
PO Shippers Combined with Invoices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
PO Fiscal Receiving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Creating Returns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Deleting Expired Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Calculating Purchase Price Variances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Subcontract Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Subcontract Pricing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Contents
Inventory and Cost Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Subcontract Lead Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Routings and Work Centers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Triggering Purchase Orders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specifying Subcontract Suppliers for a Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplier Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Material Requirements Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Work Order and Routing Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Subcontract Work Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Purchasing Topics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multisite Purchasing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Purchasing Memo Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Purchasing Miscellaneous Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4
102
103
103
103
103
104
104
105
105
106
106
106
107
Supplier Consignment Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Overview of Supplier Consignment Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplier Consignment Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Supplier Consignment Inventory Business Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . .
Consignment Process Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning and Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update Control Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Create Supplier/Item Control Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set Up Consignment Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update Tax Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update Settings for Sites and Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Consigned Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Inventory Transaction History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ordering Consigned Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Receiving Consigned Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Supplier Consigned Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Making Inventory Adjustments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Processing Returns, Rejects, and Corrections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Managing Aged Inventory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tracking Consigned Inventory During Inventory Counts . . . . . . . . . .
110
111
112
115
116
116
118
120
122
123
124
125
130
133
134
137
138
139
142
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Reporting Consignment Inventory Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
Chapter 5
Supplier Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Overview of Supplier Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Supplier Performance Workflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Setting Up Supplier Performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Planning a Supplier Performance System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Configuring Control Program Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Defining Performance Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Defining Performance Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Creating Category and Event Relationships . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164
Defining Weight Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Creating Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Collecting Data Without Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Collecting Performance Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Collecting Data Automatically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
User-Assisted Data Collection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Reporting and Managing Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Performance Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Consolidating Data from Multiple Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Delete/Archive Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
About This Guide
Other QAD Documentation
QAD Web Site
Conventions
2
3
2
2
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
This guide covers the modules related to purchasing, requisitions,
purchase orders, supplier consigned inventory, and supplier performance.
Other QAD Documentation
• For an overview of new features and software updates, see the
Release Bulletin.
• For software installation instructions, refer to the appropriate
installation guide for your system.
• For conversion information, refer to the Conversion Guide.
• For an overview of system features and instructions on navigating the
user interface, see User Guide: QAD User Interfaces.
• For detailed information on using system features, refer to the
relevant user guide.
• For technical details, refer to Entity Diagrams and Database
Definitions.
• To view documents online in PDF format, see the Documents on CD
and Supplemental Documents on CD.
Note Installation guides are not included on a CD. Printed copies are
packaged with your software. Electronic copies of the latest versions
are available on the QAD Web site.
For a complete list of QAD Documentation, visit the QAD Support site.
QAD Web Site
The QAD Web site provides a wide variety of information about the
company and its products. You can access the Web site at:
http://www.qad.com
For users with a QAD Web account, product documentation is available
for viewing or downloading from the QAD Online Support Center at:
About This Guide
http://support.qad.com/
You can register for a QAD Web account by accessing the Web site. Your
customer ID number is required. Access to certain areas is dependent on
the type of agreement you have with QAD.
Most user documentation is available in two formats:
• Portable document format (PDF) files can be downloaded from the
QAD Web site to your computer. You can view and print them with
the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.
• HTML files let you view user documentation through your Web
browser and use search tools for easily locating topics of interest.
Conventions
Screen Illustrations
System functions are available in a feature-rich .NET-based graphical
user interface (UI); a subset of functions can be used in a simplified
character interface. All screenshots in the documentation show the .NET
UI.
Navigation in the two UIs is not the same. The user guide text follows the
navigation model of the .NET UI for moving from one screen to the next.
In the character interface, the Progress status line at the bottom of a
program window lists the main UI-specific keyboard commands used in
that program. In the .NET UI, alternate commands are listed in the
Actions menu.
For complete keyboard command summaries for UI navigation, refer to
the appropriate chapters of User Guide: QAD User Interfaces.
Typographic
This document uses the text or typographic conventions listed in the
following table.
3
4
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
If you see:
It means:
monospaced text
A command or file name.
italicized
monospaced text
A variable name for a value you enter as part of an operating
system command; for example, YourCDROMDir.
indented
command line
A long command that you enter as one line, although it
appears in the text as two lines.
Note
Alerts the reader to exceptions or special conditions.
Important
Alerts the reader to critical information.
Warning
Used in situations where you can overwrite or corrupt data,
unless you follow the instructions.
Chapter 1
Introduction to
Purchasing
Global Requisition System
Purchasing
6
6
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Supplier Performance
6
6
6
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Global Requisition System
¶ See “Global
Requisition
System (GRS)”
on page 9.
Global Requisition System (GRS) lets you create multiple-line purchase
requisitions and route them through the approval process. Based on the
type of purchase, the cost, and the requestor’s department, the system
determines which individuals are authorized to approve the requisition.
Optionally, GRS sends e-mail messages throughout the requisition life
cycle to communicate status and required actions to originators, end
users, reviewers, approvers, and buyers.
Purchasing
¶ See “Purchasing”
on page 65.
Purchasing provides comprehensive support for procuring components,
materials, and supplies in a centralized or distributed environment.
Features include:
• Creation and management of requisitions and purchase orders
• Integrated receiving and supplier invoice matching
• Seamless integration with Inventory Accounting Control, Materials
Requirements Planning (MRP), Quality Management, and Accounts
Payable
Supplier Consignment Inventory
¶ See “Supplier
Consignment
Inventory” on
page 109.
Supplier Consignment Inventory extends the purchase order process by
providing new transactions to receive material and identify it as
consigned. The Supplier Consignment Inventory module lets you plan,
order, receive, stock, track, and report supplier-consigned inventory using
an automated system that reconciles inventories between suppliers and
customers. Receiver matching and accounts payable (AP) transactions are
deferred until the inventory is used. Customer use includes transfer,
shipping, manufacturing, or distribution to its own customers.
Supplier Performance
¶ See “Supplier
Performance” on
page 147.
The Supplier Performance module enables manufacturers to monitor the
performance of their internal and external suppliers. Depending on your
manufacturing environment, you can customize the way your system
Introduction to Purchasing
collects performance data as well as how you report performance metrics.
You can create your own data collection points or use the ones predefined
in the system.
7
8
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Chapter 2
Global Requisition
System (GRS)
This chapter summarizes the major features of the Global Requisition
System (GRS).
Introduction to GRS
Implementing GRS
10
14
Creating Purchase Requisitions
32
Reviewing and Approving Requisitions
Using Requisitions to Build POs
55
49
10
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Introduction to GRS
The Global Requisition System (GRS) lets you create multiple-line
purchase requisitions and route them through the approval process. Based
on the type of purchase, the cost, and the requestor’s department, the
system determines which individuals are authorized to approve the
requisition. Optionally, GRS sends e-mail messages throughout the
requisition life cycle to communicate status and required actions to
originators, end users, reviewers, approvers, and buyers.
Reviewers and approvers can use the features of GRS to modify, approve,
deny, or cancel entire requisitions or individual line items. When a
requisition has been approved at the specified final level, a buyer can use
approved requisition lines to build purchase orders (POs).
Figure 2.1 is a simplified flow diagram of the requisition process.
Fig. 2.1
Requisition Process
Requestor:
Requestor:
Complete
Complete requisition
requisition
and
and route
route to
to
first
approver.
first approver.
Approvers:
Approvers:
Approve,
Approve, deny,
deny,
reroute,
reroute, or
or route
route to
to
higher
higher approval
approval level.
level.
No
Sufficient
Sufficient
approval
approvallevel
level
for
forfinal?
final?
Yes
Buyer:
Buyer:
Place
Place requisition
requisition
line
line items
items on
on
purchase
purchase order.
order.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Features of GRS
Flexible Approval Process
You can set up approval levels based on the way you assign
responsibilities within your company.
• Approvers can be defined vertically through your organization,
relating the approval levels to entities, sub-accounts, and cost centers.
• You can also set up approvers horizontally based on the categories of
items they are approving.
• If an individual is responsible for a project that crosses different
organizations, you can set that person up as a job approver.
• Or, a person who is responsible for replenishing inventory used for
manufacturing can be a product line approver.
Multiple-Line Requisitions
Unlike standard requisitions which support one item only, GRS features
multiple-line entry. You set up default information, such as the supplier,
the requesting site, and the need date, in a header applying to the whole
requisition. If you need to change any of this information for a single line
item, you can override much of it on a line-by-line basis while you are
entering individual requisition items.
You can also create a multiple-line requisition by approving a group of
MRP planned orders.
System-Generated E-mail
From the time a requisition begins the approval process until the last line
item is referenced on a purchase order, GRS can use your e-mail system
to advise end users, reviewers, and approvers of the requisition’s status.
Messages include notifications that a requisition is waiting for an
approval and notifications to buyers when requisitions are approved.
If you use these features, you have two choices of e-mail mode. In regular
mode, a minimum number of messages are generated, mainly to inform
approvers that their inputs are needed. If you select extended mode, the
system also sends status messages to the requestor and end user.
11
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
PO Build from Requisitions
GRS reduces repetitive data entry by letting you generate a purchase
order directly from approved requisitions. Common data from the
requisition header is copied into the purchase order header. You can then
copy approved requisition line items to build the detailed line items on the
purchase order.
GRS Work Flow
Table 2.1 shows the functions available in the GRS module.
Table 2.1
Global Requisition
Programs
Menu Number Description
Program Name
5.2.1
Setup Menu
5.2.1.1
Approval Level Maintenance
rqlmt.p
5.2.1.2
Approval Level Browse
rqliq.p
5.2.1.4
Category Maintenance
rqcmt.p
5.2.1.5
Category Report
rqcrp.p
5.2.1.7
Job Maintenance
rqjmt.p
5.2.1.8
Job Browse
rqjiq.p
5.2.1.13
Horizontal Approver Maintenance
rqahmt.p
5.2.1.14
Vertical Approver Maintenance
rqavmt.p
5.2.1.15
Job Approver Maintenance
rqajmt.p
5.2.1.16
Product Line Approver Maint
rqaplmt.p
5.2.1.17
Approver Report
rqarp.p
5.2.1.20
Buyer Maintenance
rqbmt.p
5.2.1.24
Requisition Control
rqpm.p
5.2.3
Requisition Maintenance
rqrqmt.p
5.2.4
Requisition Inquiry
rqrqiq1.p
5.2.5
Requisition Browse
rqrqiq5.p
5.2.6
Requisition Report
rqrqrp5.p
5.2.8
Requisition History Log
rqrqrp4.p
5.2.13
Requisition Approval Maintenance
rqapmt.p
5.2.14
Requisition Routing Maintenance
rqrtmt.p
5.2.15
Approval Status Inquiry
rqrqiq2.p
5.2.16
Approver’s Open Req. Inquiry
rqrqiq3.p
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Menu Number Description
Program Name
5.2.17
PO and Req. Cross Reference
rqpoiq.p
5.2.18
Build PO from Requisitions
rqpobld.p
5.2.19
Requisition to PO Report
rqrqrp6.p
5.2.21
Out of Tolerance Inquiry
rqrqiq4.p
5.2.23
Requisition Delete/Archive
rqrqup.p
36.9.3
Requisition Accounting Control
firqpm.p
GRS programs fall into five groups. The programs you use depend on
your role in the requisition process.
• GRS setup (system administrator)
• Requisition creation (requestors)
• Requisition approval (reviewers and approvers)
• PO build (buyers)
• Reports and inquiries (as needed)
Figure 2.2 shows the overall flow of GRS tasks. Subsequent sections
describe each step in the requisition process.
Fig. 2.2
GRS Task Flow
Set
Setup
upapprover
approverdefinitions.
definitions.
Define
Definee-mail
e-mailsystem
systemand
and
e-mail
e-mailusers.
users.
Review
Reviewand
andapprove
approve
requisition.
requisition.
Build
BuildPO
POfrom
fromapproved
approved
requisitions.
requisitions.
Create
Createaapurchase
purchaserequisition.
requisition.
Use
Usereports,
reports,inquiries,
inquiries,and
and
delete/archive
delete/archivefunction.
function.
Use
E-mail
to
advise
of
status.
Usee-mail
e-mail
to
advise
of
status.
E-mailto
toadvise
adviseof
ofstatus.
status.
= optional
O
i
f
13
14
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Implementing GRS
This section describes how to set up GRS based on the specific way your
company wants to use the requisition approval process. This section is
designed for the system administrator responsible for preparing GRS for
use. Topics include:
• Planning the best way to set up GRS for your company.
• Establishing data for the system to use during the requisition process.
• Requisition Control and Requisition Accounting Control: default
and control settings for the system to use.
• E-mail: If your company wants to use system-generated e-mail,
define the e-mail system you use and specify user e-mail
addresses.
• Approval Levels: two-digit codes related to maximum amounts
of a specified approval currency.
• Categories: sets of related general ledger (GL) accounts with a
single approver or group of approvers across organization
structures; used when establishing horizontal approvers for types
of items.
• Jobs: limited-duration tasks, such as projects. Used to allow
approval authority over a range of organizational structures, but
only if associated with a specific job.
• Buyers: individuals responsible for referencing approved
requisition items on purchase orders.
• Approvers: horizontal, vertical, job, and product line, depending
on how your company wants to authorize purchases. Can be
defined using various combinations of levels, categories, jobs,
entities, sub-accounts, and cost centers.
Most of the functions used to implement the purchase requisition process
are on the Implementation Setup Menu (5.2.1). An additional function,
Requisition Accounting Control (36.9.3), includes control parameters for
financial areas.
Table 2.2
Global Requisition
Setup Functions
Menu Number
Description
Program Name
5.2.1.1
Approval Level Maintenance
rqlmt.p
5.2.1.2
Approval Level Browse
rqliq.p
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Menu Number
Description
15
Program Name
5.2.1.4
Category Maintenance
rqcmt.p
5.2.1.5
Category Report
rqcrp.p
5.2.1.7
Job Maintenance
rqjmt.p
5.2.1.8
Job Browse
rqjiq.p
5.2.1.13
Horizontal Approver Maintenance
rqahmt.p
5.2.1.14
Vertical Approver Maintenance
rqavmt.p
5.2.1.15
Job Approver Maintenance
rqajmt.p
5.2.1.16
Product Line Approver Maint
rqaplmt.p
5.2.1.17
Approver Report
rqarp.p
5.2.1.20
Buyer Maintenance
rqbmt.p
5.2.1.24
Requisition Control
rqpm.p
36.9.3
Requisition Accounting Control
firqpm.p
Figure 2.3 summarizes the tasks required to set up GRS. These tasks are
described in detail in the following sections.
Fig. 2.3
GRS Setup Tasks
Plan
Planapproval
approvalprocess.
process.
Set
Setup
upcategories.
categories.
Set
Setup
updefaults
defaultsfor
for
requisitions.
requisitions.
Set
Setup
upjobs.
jobs.
Set
Setup
upe-mail
e-maildefinitions
definitionsand
and
e-mail
e-mailusers.
users.
Set
Setup
upbuyers.
buyers.
Set
Setup
upreviewer
reviewerand
andapprover
approver
levels.
levels.
Set
Setup
upapprovers.
approvers.
= optional
16
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Planning the Approval Process
Before starting to set up GRS, you should consider the way you want the
approval process for your company to flow. Use the following questions
as a guideline:
• Will you operate more efficiently if GRS generates e-mail messages
to the people involved in the approval cycle?
• Should only the next approver be notified of approval-related events,
or would a wider distribution be better?
• Are most of your requisitions approved by department heads or
supervisors?
• Do you want to prohibit changes to an approved requisition?
• Are the types of purchases you make monitored across departments
by certain reviewers, regardless of which department generates the
requisition?
• Do you want the buyer to be able to change the cost specified on a
requisition when placing a purchase order? And, if so, do you want to
set parameters to identify a cost variance as out of tolerance?
System-Generated E-Mail
One element to consider in the planning process is whether your company
wants to use the automated e-mail notification features of GRS. If so, you
must establish a record in E-mail Definition Maintenance (36.4.20) for
each e-mail system your company uses. You must also enter e-mail
addresses for all GRS users in User Maintenance (36.3.1).
If you decide to use automatic e-mail, you can send e-mail in regular or
extended mode. Table 2.3 summarizes GRS events and the resulting
e-mail recipients for these modes.
Table 2.3
E-mail Modes
GRS event
Regular mode notifies:
Extended mode also
notifies:
Route requisition
New route-to
Requested by, end user
Reverse route requisition
Current route-to
Requested by, end user
Modify or delete requisition
Current route-to
Requested by, end user
Mark out of tolerance
Requested by, end user
Global Requisition System (GRS)
17
A system-generated e-mail message includes the following:
• Action
• Route to
• Requisition number
• Reason
• Requisition date
• Remarks
• Need date
• Approval status
• Due date
• Database
• Requested by
• Extended cost total
• Entered by
• Maximum extended cost total
• End user
• Approval comments (up to 15 lines)
Approver Types
Before you begin using the setup programs, consider how your company
manages requisition approvals. GRS provides the flexibility to set up
approvers based on the way your company wants to manage the approval
process. You can set up four types of approvers—horizontal, vertical, job,
and product line—using approver maintenance programs (5.2.1.13
through 5.2.1.16).
¶ See “Setting Up
Approvers” on
page 28.
Once you have decided which types of approvers are best suited to the
way you want to use GRS, you are ready to set up levels, categories, and
jobs—the building blocks used to define approvers.
Note Because GRS is flexible, you can change or add to the approver
profiles at any time. For example, when you go through the initial setup
process, your company might not need to use job approvers. However,
later it may be convenient to isolate some purchase approval authority to a
specific project. You can then define the job and add a job approver for it.
Horizontal Approvers
Approvers can be set up horizontally based on the categories of items they
are approving. For example, one manager in your company might
approve all computer purchases, regardless of which department creates
the requisition. You use Category Maintenance (5.2.1.4) to assign a range
of accounts to a category such as Computers. You can then require all
computer requisitions to be sent to the approver named for this category,
regardless of the requestor’s sub-account or department.
¶ See “Setting Up
Categories” on
page 24.
18
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Vertical Approvers
Many companies approve purchases on a group or department basis.
Normally, a department manager or supervisor approves requisitions for
the department. If this is the way your company works, you can define
approvers vertically through the organization; the approval levels can be
related to combinations of entities, sub-accounts, and cost centers.
Even if you use vertical approvers, you might want to have someone else
review specific types of purchases across all organizations to make sure
purchases conform to company policy. Then, you can also define
categories and set up horizontal approvers with different ranges of
account authorizations.
Figure 2.4 is a simplified overview of the difference between horizontal
and vertical approvers. It also illustrates how a requisition might require
both types of approval.
Fig. 2.4
Vertical versus
Horizontal
Approvers
General Ledger
Sub-Account/Cost Center
100
Fin.
200
HR
300
400
500
R&D Mat’ls IS
Account
1000 Rent
x
2000 Utilities
x
x
3000 Telephone
4000 Hardware
x
x
x
x
x
5000 Software
x
x
x
x
x
6000 Insurance
x
7000 Indirect Mat’ls
x
8000 Outside Serv.
x
9000 etc.
x
Vertical Approver:
The department head
approves all requisitions,
regardless of account, for
this sub-account/cost center
combination.
Horizontal Approver:
Computer category
reviewer/approver approves
all requisitions, regardless of
sub-account/cost center
combination, for these
account ranges.
Category = Computers
Job Approvers
Sometimes, you might need to set up projects or other relatively shortterm tasks that do not require long-term approval authority. In this case,
you can set up one person—usually the program manager—as a job
approver.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
19
This approver can authorize requisitions within specified ranges of
sub-accounts and cost centers—but only if the requisitions are associated
with a specific job. This way, a single approver can authorize
project-specific purchases originated by several departments (multiple
sub-accounts).
Product Line Approvers
Product lines group items for reporting, planning, and accounting
purposes. A product line approver authorizes inventory purchases for
direct materials associated with specific sites and product lines. A person
who approves MRP-planned material purchases must be defined as a
product line approver.
Define Control Settings
Use two programs to define general controls, as well as to establish
default values for new requisitions:
• In Requisition Control (5.2.1.24), enable GRS functionality and
define other operational control settings.
• In Requisition Accounting Control (36.9.3), specify operational
settings that have an impact on financial activities, such as approval
routing options.
Fig. 2.5
Requisition Control
(5.2.1.24)
Using GRS. Enter Yes to activate GRS. If set to No, the standard
requisition programs located on the Purchase Requisitions Menu (5.1)
are available. When Yes, you can no longer use Purchase Requisition
Maintenance (5.1.4).
20
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
You cannot use requisitions created in Purchase Requisition
Maintenance (5.1.4) to create purchase orders with GRS. Only
GRS-created requisitions are available for the buyer to copy while
using Build PO from Requisitions (5.2.18).
If you activate GRS, create new requisitions in GRS
Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3), then reset the Using GRS field to No,
the GRS-created requisitions are not available from any of the 5.1 menu
programs. In addition, any POs you have built from GRS requisitions are
not accessible from Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) when GRS is
inactive.
Warning
Requisition Prefix. Enter an optional one- to three-character prefix for
purchase requisition numbers. For example, you might want to make
your purchase requisitions easy to identify by adding a prefix of RQ.
When you add a new requisition and leave Requisition Number
blank, it is automatically set to the prefix code followed by the next
sequential number.
Note Prefix codes restrict the size of the numeric portion of the ID.
The combined length cannot exceed eight characters.
Next Requisition Number. This field displays the next automatic
purchase requisition number for system-assigned numbers. When
setting a default starting number, remember that purchase requisition
numbers are alphanumeric and sort in that sequence: requisitions 10,
20, and 100 sort in the sequence 10, 100, 20. Start with a large
number (such as 10000) so that requisitions sort in sequence.
Ln Format (S/M). Specify the default method for entering purchase
requisition line items—single-line or multiple-line. Multiple-line
mode displays several lines on a single screen, but only allows input
or modification of basic data. Single-line mode displays all data fields
for one line per screen. This value can be changed at any time on
individual requisitions.
Header Comments. Enter Yes if comments are normally entered on
each requisition header. Information associated with the header
usually applies to the entire requisition and prints at the top of the
requisition. The field can be changed manually on a requisition. If
you do not normally use header comments, set this field to No to
avoid being prompted each time with the comment entry screen.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
21
Line Comments. Enter Yes if comments are normally entered on each
requisition line. The field can be changed manually on a requisition.
If you normally do not use comments, set this field to No to avoid
being prompted each time with the comment entry screen.
Fig. 2.6
Requisition
Accounting Control
(36.9.3)
Approval Currency. Specify a valid, active currency to be used in
defining approval levels. The default is the domain base currency.
Requisitions can be created in more than one currency. GRS converts
other currencies to the approval currency as part of the approval
process. A valid exchange rate must exist for this currency during
approval.
Product Line Approvals Required. Specify the minimum number of
approvers needed to approve direct material requisitions before they
can be placed on a purchase order.
Horizontal Approvals Required. Specify the minimum number of
category-oriented approvers needed to approve each category within
a requisition before it can be placed on a purchase order.
Vertical Approvals Required. Specify the minimum number of
organization-oriented approvers needed to approve requisitions
before they can be placed on a purchase order. Job approvers are
included in this number.
Use Tolerance Percent. Enter Yes if you want the system to check the
cost of an item shown on the requisition against the actual cost
specified on the purchase order. If this field is Yes and you enter a
value in Tolerance Percent, the system compares the requisition
maximum cost to the PO cost if the buyer increases the cost after
¶ See “Out-ofTolerance
Conditions” on
page 61.
22
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
copying the approved line to the PO. If the percentage is exceeded
when the requisition line is added to the PO, GRS prompts the buyer
to mark the line out of tolerance.
Tolerance Percent. Specify the default allowable percentage
difference between the maximum cost shown on a requisition line
item and the cost entered on the purchase order.
Use Tolerance Value. Indicate whether you want to use Tolerance
Value. Processing works similarly to Use Tolerance Percent.
Note If you set both Use Tolerance Percent and Use Tolerance Value
to Yes, GRS uses the smaller of the two to determine if lines are out
of tolerance.
Tolerance Value. Specify the default allowable cost difference
between the maximum cost shown on a requisition line item and the
cost entered on the purchase order. Processing works similarly to
Tolerance Percent.
E-mail Option. Enter the default e-mail mode. Valid settings are N, R,
and E.
¶ See “SystemGenerated
E-Mail” on
page 16.
• Set to N (none), the default, if you do not want to use the system-
generated e-mail features of GRS. Users cannot override this
setting on individual requisitions.
• Set to R (regular) or E (extended) to make this the default e-mail
mode for all requisitions. Users can change the default setting on
individual requisitions.
Out of Tolerance Routing. When Use Tolerance Percent or Use
Tolerance Value is Yes, enter the code indicating the default routing
for requisitions when the buyer chooses to route an out-of-tolerance
line:
• R (requestor)
• L (last approver)
• F (first approver)
• N (none)
If you set the field to None, the Route To field on the out-of-tolerance
routing screen defaults to blank.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Prohibit Changes to Approved Requisitions. Enter Yes to prohibit
changes to an approved requisition. When Yes, only buyers can edit a
requisition. If you are not a buyer, an error message displays if you
attempt to edit any requisition fields.
Reset Approvals Upon Denial. Enter Yes to reset the approval status
for all approvers upon denial. When one approver denies the
requisition, the status of all other existing approvers is reset,
regardless of their original approval status. The system routes the
requisition back to the requester or originator. Approval Status
Inquiry (5.2.15) displays the reset approval status as a blank status for
all existing approvers.
Setting Up Automated E-Mail (Optional)
If you want GRS to send automatic e-mail notifications during the
requisition approval cycle, use E-mail Definition Maintenance (36.4.20)
to establish information about how GRS communicates with your e-mail
system. You must also add e-mail information for each user in User
Maintenance (36.3.1).
¶ See “SystemGenerated
E-Mail” on
page 16.
These functions are described in User Guide: QAD System
Administration.
Defining Approval Levels
An approval level within GRS is defined as the maximum amount of
approval currency a person assigned that level is authorized to approve.
You define approval levels in Approval Level Maintenance (5.2.1.1). To
view existing approval levels, use Approval Level Browse (5.2.1.2).
Fig. 2.7
Approval Level
Maintenance
(5.2.1.1)
23
24
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
¶ See “Setting Up
Approvers” on
page 28.
Approval Level. Enter a two-digit number defining a level. At initial
system setup, you should consider establishing these in increments of
5 or 10 so that you can later insert intermediate levels. These codes
are also used in the Review Level field in approver maintenance
programs (5.2.1.13 through 5.2.1.16).
Approval Level 00 is reserved by the system and indicates that a
person is not an approver or reviewer. Individuals with this level are
not included when reports are generated. Although you can route
requisitions to zero-level approvers, their approvals do not count
toward the number of required approvals specified in Requisition
Accounting Control (36.9.3).
Description. Optionally enter a text description of the approval level.
This description appears on various inquiries and reports.
Approval Amount. Enter he amount a person assigned this level is
authorized to approve or required to review. This amount is expressed
in the approval currency defined in Requisition Accounting Control.
This amount can represent either a maximum or minimum, depending
on where it is used.
• In the approver maintenance programs, Approval Level is the
maximum authorized level. When Approval Required is Yes in
one of these programs, the associated individual must approve all
requisitions up to this amount.
• But when Review Required is Yes, Review Level is a minimum—
this individual must review all requisitions above this amount.
Approval Currency. The system displays the currency defined in
Requisition Accounting Control (36.9.3). You cannot update this field
here.
Setting Up Categories
A category is a logical grouping of accounts related to specific approvers.
For example, you might have one person in your organization review all
computer purchases.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Depending on the way your company wants to manage the requisition
approval process, you can establish a set of categories with Category
Maintenance (5.2.1.4). The center frame displays ranges of accounts and
sub-accounts already associated with the category; use the bottom frame
to add, modify, or delete records.
The same account numbers can be included in more than one category.
Each account and sub-account you enter must be valid on its own and in
combination with each other.
Use Category Report (5.2.1.5) to view descriptions and ranges of
accounts associated with existing categories.
Fig. 2.8
Category
Maintenance
(5.2.1.4)
Category. Enter a one- to four-character alphanumeric code
identifying a category.
Description. Enter a brief description of the items in the category,
such as computer equipment or communications. This description
appears on various inquiries and reports.
From Account. Specify the beginning of a range of accounts to be
included in this category. The same account numbers can be included
in more than one category. The accounts must be of GL type
Standard.
From Sub-Acct. Specify the beginning of a range of sub-accounts to
be included in this category. Leave blank to include all sub-accounts
up to the value specified in To Sub-Acct. This field can be left blank.
25
26
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
To Account. Specify the end of a range of accounts to be included in
this category. To Account defaults to same value as From Account.
Leave the default if you want only one account included. This field
cannot be left blank.
To Sub-Acct. Specify the end of a range of sub-accounts to be
included in this category. To Sub-Acct defaults to same value as From
Sub-Acct. Leave the default if you want only one sub-account
included. This field can be left blank.
Setting Up Jobs
A job is a relatively short-term set of tasks, such as a limited-duration
project. People from many different sub-accounts or cost centers often
issue requisitions for the same job. To keep purchase accountability with
one person—usually the project manager—you can set up a job code. Use
Job Maintenance (5.2.1.7) to define jobs. Job Browse (5.2.1.8) lets you
view existing job definitions.
Note While job and project are used for the same type of activity,
projects are actually a component of an account and track expenses in the
GL. Job is used only to determine an approver for a requisition.
Fig. 2.9
Job Maintenance
(5.2.1.7)
Job. Specify an alphanumeric code identifying a job. When an
approved requisition line is copied to a purchase order, this
information is added to the Sales/Job field on the PO line. The job
code is not validated against any system data. Consider establishing
naming standards for your company to make the codes easy to
recognize on reports and inquiries.
Description. Enter a brief description of the project or activity for this
job. This description appears on various inquiries and reports.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
27
Start Effective. Specify the first date this job can be used on a
requisition. The default is blank. Effective dates are optional. If you
leave the date fields blank, the job is effective indefinitely.
End Effective. Specify the last date this job can be used on a
requisition. The default is blank.
Setting Up Buyers
The buyer—an individual who places purchase orders with suppliers—is
the last person in the requisition process. After a requisition has passed
through final approval, it is routed to the buyer, who references approved
requisition line items on purchase orders. Use Buyer Maintenance
(5.2.1.20) to add and delete buyers.
Fig. 2.10
Buyer Maintenance
(5.2.1.20)
Buyer. Specify the ID of a user previously defined in User
Maintenance that is designated as a buyer. During the approval
process, the buyer named on the requisition is notified by systemgenerated e-mail when the requisition is approved and ready to be
moved onto a purchase order.
Delete. Enter Yes to remove the user’s status as a buyer. The default is
No.
Important If you use generalized codes for the Buyer field (po_buyer) in
Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7), you must first use Generalized Codes
Maintenance (36.2.13) to establish any user you want to define in Buyer
Maintenance as a valid entry. Otherwise, an error displays in Buyer
Maintenance.
28
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Setting Up Approvers
¶ See “Planning the
Approval
Process” on
page 16.
As discussed in the section on planning, GRS provides four programs for
defining the approvers most appropriate to your company. These
programs use combinations of the level, category, and job data you
established earlier in the setup process, along with entity, sub-account,
and cost center data, to define an approver profile.
Use Approver Report (5.2.1.17) to view information on existing
approvers.
This section describes the four GRS approver maintenance programs.
These programs include many common fields. Descriptions of these
fields are provided only once and are not repeated for each program.
Fig. 2.11
Horizontal
Approver
Maintenance
(5.2.1.13)
User ID. Enter the ID of an individual assigned an expenditure
authorization limit within a defined set of GL account, sub-account,
cost center, and entity ranges. This can also be a reviewer—a person
who may not have a high enough level to approve a purchase, but still
reviews it from a policy or compliance standpoint.
Note When you enter a valid value, the system displays the full
description of the selected entry.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Entity. Enter the entity code for which an approver can authorize
requisitions. Entity codes are used to process the GL transactions of a
specific part of your company—an office or region, for example.
Leave blank if this approver can authorize requisitions for all entities
in the current domain.
Category. Enter the alphanumeric code for the selected category. This
field applies to Horizontal Approver Maintenance only.
From Sub-Account and Cost Center. Specify the beginning of the
range of sub-accounts and cost centers for which this approver is
authorized to approve requisitions. If there are values in To SubAccount and Cost Center, these fields cannot be blank.
To Sub-Account and Cost Center. Specify the end of the sub-account
and cost center approval ranges. These default from the values in the
From fields, if any. If there are values in From Sub-Account and Cost
Center, these fields cannot be blank.
Review Level. Enter the two-digit code representing the minimum
amount of specified currency an individual is required to review on a
requisition. This field is used with the Review Required field to
indicate that this person must review all requisitions at or above the
level shown here—even if the person’s approval authority is
insufficient to make final approval.
Review Required. Enter Yes if all requisitions at or above the level
specified in Review Level must be reviewed by this individual.
Default is No. This applies only to requisitions requiring this person’s
approval type—horizontal, vertical, job, or product line.
Approval Level. Enter the two-digit code representing the maximum
amount of specified currency an individual is authorized to approve
on a requisition.
The way GRS uses this level varies by the type of approver. For
example, for vertical and job approvers, the system determines
approvers based on the total maximum cost of the requisition. This is
because all the line items use the same sub-account and cost center
combination. For horizontal approvers, GRS selects approvers based
on the total maximum cost of all the line items for each category
included on the requisition.
¶ See page 24.
29
30
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Approval Required. Enter Yes if all requisitions at or below the level
specified in Approval Level must be approved by this individual.
Default is No. This applies only to requisitions requiring this person’s
approval type—horizontal, vertical, job, or product line.
Alternate Approver 1, Alternate Approver 2. Enter the ID of another
approver with the same or greater expenditure authorization limit
who is allowed to authorize requisitions on behalf of a regular
approver when that person is not available. You can designate up to
two alternate approvers. An alternate does not have to be the same
type of approver—just the same level.
Administrative Approver. Enter the ID of an individual authorized to
approve purchase requisitions on behalf of this approver. The person
specified does not need to be assigned an approval level. Completing
this field allows routine requisition activities to continue during a
manager’s absence.
Start Effective. Enter the first date this approver is authorized to
approve requisitions. The default is blank. Effective dates are
optional; you can use start and end dates to assign approvers for
short-term tasks or as temporary alternates.
End Effective. Enter the last date this approver is authorized to
approve requisitions. The default is blank; effective period is openended.
Fig. 2.12
Vertical Approver
Maintenance
(5.2.1.14)
Similar to
Horizontal
Approver
Maintenance;
does not
include
Category field
Global Requisition System (GRS)
31
Fig. 2.13
Job Approver
Maintenance
(5.2.1.15)
Includes
Job Name
field
Job Name. The job code assigned to this project or activity. This field
applies to Job Approver Maintenance only.
¶ See “Setting Up
Jobs” on page 26.
Fig. 2.14
Does not
include
account
information;
adds Site and
Product Line
fields
Site. Enter the site code for which this person is authorized to approve
requisitions for inventory items. This field applies to Product Line
Approver Maintenance only.
Product Line. Enter the code of the product line for which this person
can approve requisitions. This field applies to Product Line Approver
Maintenance only.
Product Line
Approver
Maintenance
(5.2.1.16)
32
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Creating Purchase Requisitions
This section describes Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3), the main function
you use to create a requisition and move it into the review and approval
cycle.
Purchase requisitions come from two sources:
• Manually entered requisitions built in Requisition Maintenance
(5.2.3)
• Requisitions created by approving MRP planned orders with Planned
Purchase Order Approval (23.11)
This section describes the structure of a requisition and discusses how to
create a requisition using both of these sources.
Creating a Requisition with Requisition Maintenance
With Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3), you build a requisition in three
sections: the header, the line-item detail, and the trailer, as shown in
Figure 2.15.
Fig. 2.15
Requisition Entry
Flow
Enter
EnterRequisition
RequisitionHeader
Header
General
Generaldata
datafor
forthe
the
requisition;
requisition;includes
includesdefault
default
values
valuesfor
forline
lineitems.
items.
Enter
EnterLine
LineItems
Items
Items
Itemsbeing
beingrequested
requestedand
and
item-specific
data.
item-specific data.
Review
ReviewTrailer
Trailer
Total
Totalrequisition
requisitionprice
pricedata;
data;
begins
beginsapproval
approvalrouting
routing
process.
process.
This section provides a field-by-field description of each part of the
requisition.
Creating the Purchase Requisition Header
Data items you enter in the requisition header become defaults for each
line of the purchase requisition. Header information is divided between
two frames. You enter most of the data in the first frame; the second
includes optional detailed supplier information.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
When you begin entering detailed line-item data, you can modify some of
these entries on individual lines.
Note Some fields are required; valid data must be entered in them or the
system does not create the requisition. Other fields are optional; they do
not require data for the system to create the requisition. Information in
optional fields, such as Comments, can be used as follows:
• Explain the purpose of the requisition.
• When applicable, describe why the item being requested does not
follow standards.
• Provide other information that might be needed during the approval
or purchasing process.
Fig. 2.16
Requisition
Maintenance
(5.2.3)
Req Number. Required. A unique control number must be assigned
to each purchase requisition. You can enter a number of your own or
let the system assign a number based on settings in Requisition
Control (5.2.1.24). On a new requisition, leave this field blank and
press Enter for a system-assigned number. To modify an existing
requisition, enter its number.
Supplier. Optional. If you know the supplier, specify the code here. If
the supplier has not yet been defined, you can enter the supplier
name, address, phone number, and name of contact in header
comments.
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34
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
If you do not specify a supplier, an approver or the buyer will
complete this field during the approval process. If you enter a supplier
code in the header, that supplier becomes the default for the entire
requisition; you can change it at the line-item level.
Ship To. Optional. Enter your company address to which the supplier
is to send the goods. The default Ship To is set in Purchasing Control
(5.24). If the default is not correct for this order, enter another
company address code.
Requisition Date. Required. Enter the date the requisition is created.
The default is the current system date.
Need Date. Required. Enter the date the items are required at the end-
user’s site. Default is the system date. Need date is used on the
purchase order generated from the requisition. It can be later than the
due date to allow time for such activities as inspection or
transportation from the receiving area to the end user. This date prints
on most reports and inquiries. The need date can be changed for each
line item. It cannot be earlier than the current date.
Due Date. Required. Enter the date the items are due to be received at
the end user’s site. Default is the system date. The system uses this
date as the default for all line items on this requisition. However, you
can change the due date when entering line-item data. It cannot be
earlier than the current date.
Entered By. This reference field displays the login ID of the
individual entering the requisition.
Requested By. Required. Enter the ID of the person requesting the
items; this must be a valid, active user defined in User Maintenance
(36.3.1). The system default is the login ID of the person completing
the requisition. If you are using system-generated e-mail in the
extended mode, the requestor receives requisition status e-mail.
End User. Required. Enter the ID of the person for whom the
requisitioned items are intended; this must be a valid, active user
defined in User Maintenance. If you are using system-generated
e-mail in the extended mode, the end user receives requisition status
e-mail.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Reason. Optional. Enter a brief explanation of the requisition for the
approvers or purchase reviewers who authorize or deny the request.
This field does not appear on the purchase order.
Remarks. Optional. Enter any remarks related to the requisition or to
the supplier. This information applies to the entire requisition. It
appears on system-generated e-mail messages and is also printed on
the purchase order. When a supplier is specified in the header, and
remarks for that supplier have been added in Supplier Data
Maintenance (2.3.1), those remarks display here.
Sub-Account. Enter the alphanumeric code that identifies the sub-
account to be charged with the cost. This field may be required before
final approval, depending on the GL setup of your company. It
applies to all lines of the requisition.
Cost Center. Enter the alphanumeric code designating the cost center
for which the items are being purchased. This field may be required
before final approval, depending on the GL setup of your company. It
applies to all lines of the requisition.
Site. Required. Enter the site from which the order is being placed.
This becomes the default for the line items and can be changed at that
level.
Entity. Required. Enter the entity code for the requisition. Entity codes
are used to process the GL transactions of a specific part of your
company—an office or region, for example.
Job Name. Optional. Enter the eight-digit alphanumeric code used to
track expenses for a specific event or activity. If the items on this
requisition are for a specific job, enter the job name. Otherwise, leave
it blank.
The system uses jobs to determine appropriate reviewers and
approvers for requisitions. When an approved requisition is copied
onto a purchase order, the entry in this field is copied into the
Sales/Job field.
Project. Optional. Enter the eight-digit alphanumeric code used to
track expenses for a specific event or activity to a GL account. Project
is not the same as the Job field, which is used to assign approval
authority for requisitions and is not tied to the GL. This value defaults
to each line of the requisition.
35
36
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
The system verifies that the project exists and is active and that it is
valid with the other account components. When an approved
requisition is copied onto a purchase order, the entry in this field is
copied into the Project field.
Currency. Required. Enter the currency in which the purchase order
will be created. Defaults from the supplier, if specified; otherwise,
from the domain base currency.
Requisitions can be created using any currency with a valid exchange
rate. Exchange rates are set at the time the requisition is created, then
recalculated when the buyer enters the PO price.
¶ See “Out-ofTolerance
Conditions” on
page 61.
Fluctuations in exchange rates can create an out-of-tolerance
condition; that is, the purchase price exceeds the maximum cost
shown on the requisition line item by more than the out-of-tolerance
parameters set in Requisition Accounting Control (36.9.3).
Language. Optional. Enter a language code if you want to use a
language other than the default language for a requisition. A master
comment, created in Master Comment Maintenance (1.12), can be
stored in multiple languages using the same master reference code.
The system uses language code to select comments in the appropriate
language.
Direct Materials. Required. Specify whether this requisition applies to
direct (MRP) materials items. The field defaults to No for all
maintenance, repair, and operating supplies (MRO) purchases. GRS
uses this field to determine whether a product line approval is
required.
¶ See “SystemGenerated
E-Mail” on
page 16.
E-mail Option. Enter an optional e-mail mode: None, Regular, or
Extended. This setting defaults from Requisition Accounting Control.
If the system administrator has set this field to None, GRS is not
using your company e-mail system.
If it is set to regular or extended, you can specify the extent to which
you want GRS to generate e-mail messages during the approval
process. The regular mode (R) sends a minimum number of
messages—mainly to the user to whom the requisition is being
routed. In the extended mode (E), status messages are sent to the
requestor and end user.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Status. Optional. Enter the code identifying the status of the
requisition. The system uses this code to determine whether a
requisition is to be included on some reports and inquiries:
• Blank indicates the requisition is open.
• X indicates the requisition is canceled. No further activity can be
entered against a requisition with this status.
If a requisition or line item has been canceled, it can be reopened by
changing the status.
Comments. Optional. Indicate whether you want to add header
comments. The default is set in the Header Comments field of
Requisition Control. Enter Yes if you want to enter additional
information for approvers, purchase reviewers, and buyers to read
when processing the requisition. Use comments for such things as
new supplier data, item specifications, or special packaging or
delivery requirements.
Aprvl Status. This reference field indicates whether the entire
requisition is approved, not approved, or out of tolerance. At the
header level, this field does not change to Approved until all lines
have been approved. If at least one line item is out of tolerance, this
field reads Out of Tolerance. If an out-of-tolerance line is changed on
an approved requisition, this field reverts to Unapproved.
When you have completed the first frame of the header, click Next; the
second frame displays.
37
38
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 2.17
Requisition
Maintenance,
Second Header
Frame
Discount %. Optional. Enter the discount percentage the supplier is
allowing for the requisitioned items. This discount percentage is the
default for line items; you can change the discount at the line-item
level if it varies by item. If a supplier is specified, this defaults from
the Supplier Data Maintenance (2.3.1).
Price Table. Optional. Specify the price table GRS uses to find the
item’s price. If a supplier is specified, this defaults from the supplier
record. The entry in this field becomes the default value for the line
items.
Disc Table. Specify the discount table GRS uses to look up the
discount associated with this item. If a supplier is specified, this
defaults from the supplier record. The entry in this field becomes the
default value for line items.
You cannot leave this field blank if Discrete Discount Table Req is
Yes in Purchasing Control (5.24). If you do, the system displays a
warning if Disc Tbl is blank in the requisition header, and at the line
level, you cannot complete line-item entry without entering a valid
discount table.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Note When you update the Price Tbl or Disc Tbl field on the header,
the system prompts you to update line items. If you choose to make
the updates, the system follows these rules:
• If the header specifies a supplier, the system updates the price or
discount table only on line items that match the header supplier.
• If Supplier is blank in the header, the system updates only lines
with a blank Supplier field.
In addition, these fields are validated against the Price Table Required
field in Purchasing Control.
Entering Line Items
You can enter line-item data in two modes—single-line or multiple-line—
based on the setting of the Ln Format (S/M) field in Requisition Control
(5.2.1.24). You can alternate between Single and Multi when you are
entering line items.
In multiple-line mode, you can enter just the basic data for from 8 to 16
items—depending on your computer system—on a single screen. This
basic data includes supplier data, site, item number, quantity, unit of
measure, unit cost, and discount percentage. All other information
defaults from the header.
Note If you need to change any of the other header information for a line
item, you must use single-line mode, which displays detailed data for only
one line on each screen. To change from multiple- to single-line mode,
click Back until the cursor appears in the Ln Format field; then enter S
and click Next.
39
40
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 2.18
Requisition
Maintenance,
Requisition Line
Frame
Line. Required. Enter a unique identifier for each line of the
requisition. Press Enter to create a new line number. The line number
is used to identify individual requisition lines during the review,
approval, and purchase order process. To view or modify an existing
line item, enter the number of the line or use Next/Previous to scroll
through the list of line items.
Site. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed for each
line item.
Item Number. Optional. Enter the catalog or stock identifier used for
the inventory system. For memo item purchases, enter a brief
description of the item being purchased. For other purchases, enter
the item number from the item master. You can enter additional
information in line-item comments, if needed.
Note Memo items are not defined in Item Master Maintenance.
Supplier. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed for
each line item. When you advance to this field, a pop-up window
prompts you for an optional price table and discount table.
Fig. 2.19
Requisition
Maintenance,
Supplier Detail
Frame
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Pr Tbl. Optional. This value defaults from the header, but can be
changed for each line item.
Disc Tbl. Optional. This value defaults from the header, but can be
changed for each line item.
Note Line-item price and discount tables may be updated
automatically based on changes to the associated fields in the
requisition header.
Req Qty. Required. Enter the quantity of the item needed.
UM. Optional. Enter the unit of measure in which goods or services
are priced, ordered, and received; for example, EA (each), BX (box),
DZ (dozen), LT (lot), or HR (hour). UM is used in the search for a
price on the associated price list or discount table. For inventory
items, UM defaults from Item Master Maintenance (1.4.1).
The system validates this field against entries in Generalized Codes
Maintenance (36.2.13) for field pod_um. If you enter a value different
from the one in Item Master Maintenance, the system looks for a
conversion factor defined in Unit of Measure Maintenance (1.13). If
one is not defined, a warning displays and the UM Conversion field is
set to 1.0.
Note When you add an approved requisition line to a purchase order,
a valid conversion must exist or an error displays.
Unit Cost. Optional. Enter the price from the associated price list or
discount table. The system uses this information to calculate the
extended cost of the line item.
Disc %. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed for
each line item.
Due Date. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed
for each line item.
Need Date. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed
for each line item.
Type. This field determines the type of the requisition line item.
When an approved line item is placed on a purchase order, the value
in this field determines whether this item is to be received into
inventory and considered by planning.
¶ See page 38.
41
42
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Type defaults from Memo Order Type in Item-Site Inventory Data
Maintenance (1.4.16) if defined for the order line site; otherwise, it
defaults from Item Master Maintenance (1.4.1).
Blank: This line item is received into inventory. When the receipt is
processed, inventory balances are increased and a GL transaction
debits the Inventory account. Inventory items are considered supply
by MRP.
Non-blank: This item does not affect inventory and does not create a
GL transaction. For a non-inventory item, type defaults to M (memo).
Memo items are expensed or capitalized upon receipt, depending on
the Purchases account for the item. Memo items have no effect on
MRP.
Category. Optional. Enter the code specifying a logical grouping of
related items by GL account number. Category is used to determine
the type of approval required for the item. If you enter an account
code in Pur Acct. or if one defaults from the supplier, the system
attempts to determine the category. You can override this entry.
Pur Acct. Required before final approval. Enter the GL account code
used to record non-inventory purchases. This must be a valid, active
account of type Standard. The Purchases account is a combination of
the GL account, sub-account, cost center, and project. It defaults from
the Purchases account for the supplier when a supplier is specified.
The entry in this field depends on the way your company’s GL is set
up.
Project. This value defaults from the header, but can be changed for
each line item.
Supplier Item. Optional. If the item has been defined in Supplier Item
Maintenance (1.19), the system displays the supplier’s item number
in this field so it can be referenced on the purchase order.
Manufacturer. Reference field. If the supplier item master includes a
manufacturer, it displays in this field.
Description. Optional. If you enter an inventory line item, Description
defaults from the item master. If you enter a non-inventory item,
“Item Not In Inventory” displays. Clear the field and enter a brief
description of the item. This description prints on formal documents
such as POs.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Single Lot. Optional. Specify whether each receipt requires a unique
lot number. This information is copied onto the purchase order with
the approved line item. It defaults from Regulatory Attributes Control
(1.22.24).
Item Revision. Optionally, enter a code representing the revision level
of the line item. This field is validated against predefined values
entered in Generalized Codes Maintenance for field pdq_rev.
Revision defaults from item master, but you can change it as needed.
The entry in this field is copied from the approved requisition line
into the same named field on the purchase order.
Note Do not confuse the item revision with the purchase order
revision. Purchase order revision indicates whether changes have
been made to the purchase order. Item revision indicates changes
have been made to the engineering version of the item; the level
defaults from either Item-Site Planning Maintenance or Item Master
Maintenance.
Revision codes are usually associated with a particular engineering
drawing or process. When a change is made, the revision code usually
changes. The current revision for an item can be entered manually
using Item Master Maintenance or automatically using ECO
Maintenance or features of the option Product Change Control
module.
Entering a specific revision code on a requisition specifies that the
supplier is to deliver a particular version of the item. Usually this is
the current revision, but in some cases you might need an earlier or
later one.
Item Revision Date. Optionally, specify the date the line item revision
level is effective. The default is blank.
UM Conversion. Optional. Enter the factor used to calculate the
equivalent amount or value from purchase unit to stock unit of
measure (default is 1). This value defaults from the value defined in
Unit of Measure Maintenance (1.13), if available.
43
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data.
44
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
This field determines correct conversion of both the items and their
currency value. For example, your company might control pencils as
individual items; however, the supplier might sell them only by boxes
containing 24 pencils. In that case, set the value of UM Conversion
to 24.
Stock UM Quantity. This reference field displays the requisition
quantity converted from the supplier’s unit of measure to the unit of
measure in which your company stocks this item.
Quantity Ordered. This reference field displays the actual quantity
ordered. The default is zero. When all or part of a requisition lineitem quantity is placed on a purchase order, that quantity is reflected
in this field.
Maximum Unit Cost. Required. This field lets you specify a higher
purchase cost than entered in the Unit Cost field. The default is Unit
Cost regardless of the discount percentage, but you can change it
manually. The (optionally) higher cost by line item is used to
calculate the total cost for which the requisition is approved. The
system uses this cost when calculating whether the requisition is
within tolerance parameters set in Requisition Accounting Control
(36.9.3).
Ext Cost. This reference field displays a calculation using the quantity
ordered, unit cost, and discount to determine total extended cost.
Max Ext Cost. This reference field displays a calculation using the
quantity ordered and maximum unit cost to determine total maximum
extended cost.
Status. Optional. This value identifies the status of the individual
requisition line.
• Blank indicates the line item is open.
• X indicates the line item is canceled. No further activity can be
entered against a line item with this status.
If a line item has been canceled, it can be reopened by changing the
status. When a requisition is canceled at the header level, X displays
on all line items.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
45
Comments. Optional. Indicate whether you want to enter comments
for this line. This is not the same field as header comments; you can
add different comments for each line item if you choose.
• Enter No if you do not want to enter comments.
• Enter Yes if you want to enter additional information about this
line item—for example, item specifications or special packaging
or delivery requirements.
The system maintains a minimum audit trail of changes to purchase
requisitions, so you can use comments to record changes to line items
that might be important later for informational or tracking purposes.
Line item comments can be copied into the PO in Build PO from
Requisitions (5.2.18); the buyer can then choose to print them on the
PO.
Subcontract Data Frame
In some manufacturing environments, specific operations or processes
may be outsourced to a supplier or subcontractor. Enter a requisition for
this type of service by setting the line item type to S. When you click
Next, an additional frame lets you access fields related to subcontract
operations.
¶ “Type” on
page 79 describes
how the fields in
this frame are
used in the
purchase order.
When you reference the requisition on a purchase order or copy the line
using Build PO from Requisitions (5.2.18), the system sets the Type field
on the PO line to S and copies the subcontract-related fields from the
requisition line.
Fig. 2.20
Requisition
Maintenance,
Subcontract Data
Frame
46
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Completing the Trailer
In the final section of Requisition Maintenance, the trailer, you decide
whether the requisition is ready to enter the approval process. The first
trailer screen displays the total extended cost and maximum extended cost
in both the requisition currency (left column) and the approval currency
(right column).
Fig. 2.21
Requisition
Maintenance,
Summary Frame
If you are satisfied that the requisition is correct, choose Yes. A routing
frame lets you send the requisition into the approval process.
If you choose not to route the requisition at this time—for example, if you
want to wait for additional information on a line item—then exit without
adding any routing information. The requisition remains in your queue.
You can return to it later by entering its number on the first screen of
Requisition Maintenance, or you can use Requisition Routing
Maintenance (5.2.14) if the requisition is ready to route. The approval
process does not start until you route the requisition to the first approver
or reviewer.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
47
Fig. 2.22
Requisition
Maintenance,
Routing Frame
Action. Specify the routing action you want to take. For new
requisitions entering the approval process, select 1 to route the
requisition to the first approver.
Currently Routed To. Enter the code for the user in whose queue the
requisition resides. You can change this only if you are an alternate or
administrative approver for the current routed-to user.
Requisition Number. Enter the requisition you want to route. This
defaults from the requisition you have just completed.
Maintain Aprvl Comments. Enter Yes if you want to add comments
for the next person on the routing to read.
Route To. Enter the code for the first person in the approval process.
Use the lookup browse to view the list of appropriate approvers
determined by the system based on sub-account, cost center, category,
and job information. On MRP orders, this is a product-line approver.
Buyer. Enter the employee responsible for issuing a purchase order
for approved requisition items. You can leave this field blank.
However, a purchase reviewer or approver must complete the field
before final approval.
If your company uses the system-generated e-mail feature, the buyer
is informed by e-mail when the requisition has been approved. If a
default supplier was entered for the requisition, and if a buyer was
defined for that supplier in Supplier Data Maintenance (2.3.1), the
user ID for the buyer appears in this field. It can be changed to any
valid buyer.
¶ See “Requisition
Routing
Maintenance” on
page 54.
48
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
When you have completed the routing frame and added approval
comments (if any), you are prompted to confirm your actions. This routes
the requisition into the approval process.
Approving MRP Planned Orders
You can also create a purchase requisition by approving MRP planned
orders using Planned Purchase Order Approval (23.11).
Fig. 2.23
Planned Purchase
Order Approval
(23.11)
Establish
selection criteria
for planned
orders.
Approve planned
orders to create a
multiple-line
requisition.
In the first screen of Planned Purchase Order Approval, you set selection
criteria for MRP planned orders. You then set the Approve field to Yes or
No for each planned order, as appropriate. The system creates one
multiple-line requisition that includes all the approved planned orders.
The new requisition number appears on all approved lines.
Use Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3) to make any required changes to the
new requisition before beginning the approval process.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
49
Reviewing and Approving Requisitions
This section describes the procedures for approving, denying, or rerouting
purchase requisitions.
As a requisition reviewer or approver, you are informed by systemgenerated e-mail—assuming your company is using that feature—that a
requisition is awaiting action. You use Requisition Approval Maintenance
(5.2.13) to review the requisition and then approve, deny, or reroute it. If
you find incorrect or incomplete information, you can go from the
approval screen directly into Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3) to make
corrections and additions.
When you have completed your review, if you have a high enough
approval level, you can approve the requisition for release and forward it
to Purchasing. Or you can deny the requisition, reroute it to the originator
for additional work, or reroute it to another approver.
This section describes the procedures used for routing and approving
requisitions.
Reviewing and Approving a Requisition
Requisition Approval Maintenance (5.2.13) is used to review and approve
or deny a requisition. It also provides tools for viewing and modifying the
requisition.
When Prohibit Changes to Approved Requisitions is Yes in Requisition
Accounting Control (36.9.3), the system prohibits anyone other than the
buyer from editing an approved requisition.
When you have completed your approval, you use the program to forward
the requisition to the next person in the approval process; additional
routing options are provided by Requisition Routing Maintenance.
(5.2.14)
Requisition Approval Maintenance
When a requisition is ready to be reviewed, the originator begins the
approval process as described in Reviewing and Approving Requisitions.
If your company uses automated e-mail, the first person in the approval
¶ See “Define
Control Settings”
on page 19.
50
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
process receives a message that a requisition is awaiting action. The
approver then uses Requisition Approval Maintenance (5.2.13) to look at
the requisition. To see a list of requisitions waiting for an approver’s
disposition, use Approver’s Open Req. Inquiry (5.2.16).
Use the View Queue/Dispositioned field in Requisition Approval
Maintenance to select a requisition from the queue of items awaiting your
attention.
Fig. 2.24
Requisition
Approval
Maintenance
(5.2.13)
View Queue/Dispositioned. Specify which list of requisitions you
want to select from. The setting in this field determines which list you
see when you use the arrow keys or the lookup browse.
Queue: The list of requisitions that are currently routed to you
Dispositioned: The list of requisitions that you have already acted on
User ID. Displays the user ID of the reviewer or approver. This field
defaults to the individual logged on to the system. You can change
this to another person’s ID only if you have been designated as this
person’s alternate or administrative approver in an approver
maintenance program.
Requisition Number. Enter the number of the requisition you want to
approve. Use the arrow keys to select from the Queue or
Dispositioned list.
View Requisition. Indicate whether the system should display the
requisition in read-only mode, as shown in Figure 2.25. If you select
Yes, the requisition is immediately displayed. At the line level, you
can then choose the line to display details.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
51
Fig. 2.25
Requisition
Approval
Maintenance, View
Requisition Screen
When you are finished viewing the requisition, press Exit to return to
the Requisition Approval Maintenance screen.
Modify Requisition. Indicate whether you want to change the
requisition. If you select Yes, the requisition is immediately
displayed, as shown in Figure 2.26. Although the screen label still
says Requisition Approval Maintenance, the program can perform all
the functions of Requisition Maintenance. Modify the requisition as
needed.
If Prohibit Changes to Approved Requisitions is Yes in Requisition
Accounting Control (36.9.3), only the buyer can modify an approved
requisition. The system displays an error message if you attempt to
edit any requisition fields.
¶ See “Creating a
Requisition with
Requisition
Maintenance” on
page 32.
52
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 2.26
Requisition
Approval
Maintenance,
Modify Requisition
Screen
When you have completed the changes, press Exit to return to the
Requisition Approval Maintenance screen (Figure 2.24).
Maintain Aprvl Comments. Indicate whether you want to add
comments for subsequent approvers to read. If you select Yes, you
can enter comments.
Action. Enter the code for one of three possible actions. Enter 1 to
approve the requisition, 2 to deny it, or 3 to reverse an earlier action.
If Reset Approvals Upon Denial is Yes in Requisition Accounting Control
(36.9.3) and you deny the requisition, the status of all other existing
approvers is reset, regardless of their original approval status. The system
routes the requisition back to the requester or originator.
After you review, modify, and take action on the requisition, you are
prompted to confirm that all the information is correct; if you select Yes,
you are prompted to route the requisition. No returns you to the
Requisition Approval Maintenance screen.
If you select Yes on the routing prompt, a routing screen (Figure 2.27) lets
you route the requisition to the next reviewer. If you select No, the action
you indicated takes effect, but the requisition stays in your queue until
you route it.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Fig. 2.27
Requisition
Approval
Maintenance,
Routing Screen
Action. Specify the routing action you want to take.
• Select 1 to route the requisition to the person whose user ID you
enter in Route To.
• If you change your mind or route the requisition to the wrong
person, select 2 to return the requisition to your queue.
Currently Routed To. This field displays the ID of the user in whose
queue the requisition resides. You can change this only if you are an
alternate or administrative approver for the current routed-to user.
Requisition Number. Enter the number of the requisition you want to
route. This defaults to the requisition you have just reviewed.
Maintain Aprvl Comments. Enter Yes if you want to add comments
for the next person on the routing to read. The default is No.
Route To. Enter the ID of the next person in the approval process. Use
the lookup browse to view the list of appropriate approvers
determined by the system based on sub-account, category, and job
information.
Buyer. Enter the ID of the person responsible for issuing a purchase
order for approved requisition items. Buyers are defined with Buyer
Maintenance (5.2.1.20). Unless you are the final person to approve
the requisition, you can leave this field blank. However, a reviewer or
approver must complete the field before final approval. The buyer is
informed by system-generated e-mail when the requisition has been
approved.
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54
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Final Approval
If your approval is the last one needed, the system displays a message that
the requisition is approved and prompts you to route the requisition to
Purchasing. If you choose Yes and the Buyer field has not been
completed, the cursor advances to Buyer. When you enter the user ID of a
valid buyer, the approval process is finished.
However, you can override this system action. If you want another person
to review the requisition, choose No. The cursor then moves to the Route
To field, and you can specify another user.
Requisition Routing Maintenance
Requisition Routing Maintenance (5.2.14) can be used instead of
Requisition Approval Maintenance to route a requisition to another user.
It also offers the ability to reverse a previous routing. For example, you,
as a reviewer or approver, might accidentally route a requisition to the
wrong person, or you might change your mind about the routing after it
has been completed. When you reverse a previous routing, the recipient
receives a second e-mail with the message that the requisition is no longer
awaiting action.
If Reset Approvals Upon Denial is Yes in Requisition Accounting Control
and one approver denies the requisition, the system routes the requisition
back to the requester or originator.
Fig. 2.28
Requisition
Routing
Maintenance
(5.2.14)
¶ See page 53.
The fields in Requisition Routing Maintenance are the same as those in
the routing screen of Requisition Approval Maintenance.
This completes the approval process. The next section describes how the
buyer creates a purchase order from the approved requisition lines.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
55
Using Requisitions to Build POs
This section describes how to select requisition line items and use them to
create a purchase order.
When a requisition has been approved, you can reference the requisition
line items on a purchase order in two ways:
• On a new or existing purchase order, use Purchase Order
Maintenance (5.7) to reference each individual requisition line on a
PO line.
¶ See “Modifying
the Purchase
Order” on
page 60.
• Copy requisition lines directly to a new or existing purchase order
using Build PO from Requisitions (5.2.18).
This section discusses the second option. Figure 2.29 summarizes the task
flow.
Fig. 2.29
Set
Setcriteria
criteriafor
forselection
selectionofof
requisition
requisitionlines.
lines.
Open
Openpurchase
purchaseorder;
order;create
create
new
newPO
POororadd
addtotoexisting.
existing.
Select
Selectlines
linestotobe
becopied
copiedonto
onto
purchase
purchaseorder.
order.
Generate
Generatereport
reporttotodisplay
display
copied
copiedlines
linesand
andshow
show
messages.
messages.
Creating a Purchase Order
Build PO from Requisitions (5.2.18) consists of a series of frames that
lead you through the build process:
1
Set the criteria you want to use for selecting appropriate requisition
lines.
2
Select the lines you want to copy to the purchase order.
3
Open a purchase order; either create a new PO or open an existing
one where you want to append the requisition lines.
4
Generate a report on the copy process. This report displays the lines
that you copied, as well as any warning messages GRS has generated.
Build PO from
Requisitions Task
Flow
56
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Establishing Selection Criteria
The first screen lets you specify a number of selection criteria for the
system to use in displaying approved requisition line items. You do not
have to use all the criteria; use only the fields appropriate to the selection
you want to make. You also specify on this screen whether you want the
default setting for copying line items to the new PO to be Yes or No.
Fig. 2.30
Build PO from
Requisitions
(5.2.18)
Requisition Number. Enter the first of the range of requisition
numbers you want to include in the selection. Enter the same number
in the To field to limit the selection to one requisition.
Supplier. Enter the first of the range of supplier numbers you want to
include in the selection. Enter the same number in the To field to limit
the selection to requisitions including only that supplier. To include
only requisitions that do not have a supplier specified, set Blank
Suppliers Only to Yes.
Item Number. Enter the first of the range of item numbers you want to
include in the selection. Enter the same number in the To field to limit
the selection to requisitions including only that item.
Need Date. Enter the first in the range of need dates you want to
include in the selection. Enter the same date in the To field to limit the
selection to requisitions including only that need date.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Buyer. Enter the user ID of the buyer. This defaults to the user who
logged on. Clear this field to display the selection list for all buyers.
You can also enter another buyer’s user ID.
Site. Enter a specific site code to be included in the selection criteria.
Requested By. Enter the user ID of a specific requestor to be included
in the selection criteria.
Job Name. Enter a specific job code to be included in the selection
criteria.
Ship-To. Enter a specific ship-to address to be included in the
selection criteria.
Currency. Enter a specific requisition currency to be included in the
selection criteria.
Blank Suppliers Only. Indicate whether you want to view only those
requisitions that do not have a supplier specified; the default is No.
Note If you have also made an entry in the Supplier field, changing
Blank Suppliers Only to Yes takes precedence—only requisitions
without a supplier are selected.
Include MRP Items. Indicate whether you want to include direct
materials items in the selection criteria; defaults to Yes. If you do not
want to include requisitions for direct materials in the selection
criteria, change this field to No. If you set this to No and leave
Include MRO Items set to Yes, the selection screen includes only
MRO items.
Note MRP items are received into inventory and considered by
MRP as a source of supply.
Include MRO Items. Indicate whether you want to include MRO
items in the selection criteria; defaults to Yes. MRO items include
maintenance, repair, and operating supplies. If you do not want to
include requisitions for MRO items in the selection criteria, change
this field to No. If you set this to No and leave Include MRP Items set
to Yes, the selection screen includes only direct-materials items.
Copy Header Comments. Indicate whether to copy header comments
onto a new PO; defaults to Yes. If set to Yes and you are creating a
new purchase order, the header comments from the first requisition
57
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
you selected for copying become the header comments on the PO.
This only applies the first time you copy lines to a new purchase
order. If you are appending lines to an existing PO, the field is
ignored. Once you have copied the header comments, you can modify
them in Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7).
Copy Line Comments. Indicate whether to copy requisition line
comments into PO line comments; defaults to Yes.
Default Copy. Indicate the default value for the Copy field on the line
items listed on the next screen as a result of the criteria selection;
defaults to Yes.
Selecting Purchase Requisition Line Items
After you have completed the first screen, GRS shows a list of approved,
open requisition line items that meet your selection criteria. Set the Copy
field to Yes for lines you want to copy. The Copy field is the only field on
this screen that can be changed.
Fig. 2.31
Build PO from
Requisitions,
Selection Screen
Select a
line for
copying.
When you have selected the lines you want to copy to the PO, you are
prompted to confirm that all the information is correct. Select Yes to
advance to the next screen; No returns the cursor to the selection screen.
Adding Requisition Lines to the Purchase Order
After you select the approved requisition lines you want to copy, a
purchase order header frame appears. If you want to copy the requisition
items to a new purchase order, press Enter and the system assigns a new
PO number. To append the copied requisition lines to an existing purchase
order, enter the PO number.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
59
Fig. 2.32
Build PO from
Requisitions, First
Header Frame
Message
indicates a
new PO.
A message at the bottom of the screen indicates whether this PO is new or
existing. If it is a new purchase order, the Supplier and Ship-To fields
default from the first requisition line you selected on the previous screen;
the Bill-To value defaults from Purchasing Accounting Control (36.9.5).
You can change them. If you are adding lines to an existing PO, these
fields are displayed from the header of that PO. You can update the shipto and bill-to address codes, but not the supplier.
Use the Output field to select the way you want to display the PO report.
Note Sending this report to a printer is not the same as printing the PO
for the supplier. When you are ready to issue the PO, print it with
Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) or Purchase Order Print (5.10).
For the new purchase order:
• Header order revision levels and order revision dates default to blank.
• The system uses the Fixed Price setting from the supplier on the
requisition to populate the header and line Fixed Price fields.
• The system copies the requisition line discount table to the order line
discount table when no discount table was specified on the requisition
header.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Using the PO Report
The PO report shows a line-by-line summary of all the requisition items
you copied to the purchase order. Warnings, if any, are displayed after
each line item. Review the report and make changes as needed in
Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7).
Among other things, the report indicates conflicts between the header
supplier and line-item supplier.
Fig. 2.33
PO Build Report
Modifying the Purchase Order
¶ See “Creating
Purchase Orders”
on page 72 for
details on
Purchase Order
Maintenance.
Use Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) to make any changes required to
the new purchase order and continue the purchasing process. When GRS
is active, a requisition line field displays to accommodate the multipleline requisitions built in GRS (see Figure 2.34).
A lookup browse on the Req field lists the approved requisitions currently
routed to Purchasing so that they can be added directly to the PO without
using Build PO from Requisitions (5.2.18).
Global Requisition System (GRS)
61
Fig. 2.34
Purchase Order
Maintenance (5.7),
Line Item Frame
GRS Req
Line field
Out-of-Tolerance Conditions
Your company defines the way it wants to deal with out-of-tolerance
conditions in Requisition Accounting Control (36.9.3). Two fields—Use
Tolerance Value and Use Tolerance Percent—enable the system
administrator to control if and how GRS calculates out of tolerance. Outof-tolerance processing works only if one of those fields is set to Yes.
A requisition line becomes out of tolerance when it is being added to a PO
if the buyer changes the Unit Cost field on the PO line to exceed the
requisition maximum cost by more than the tolerance percent or tolerance
value. When this happens, GRS displays the out-of-tolerance cost along
with a Mark Requisition Line Out of Tolerance field.
Note This occurs only when the requisition line is being added to a PO
in Build PO from Requisitions or Purchase Order Maintenance. On an
existing line that references a requisition, Purchase Order Maintenance
lets you update the cost within the tolerance parameters. However, if you
attempt to change it to more than the specified tolerance, an error message
displays.
¶ Control settings
for out of
tolerance are
described
beginning on
page 21.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 2.35
Purchase Order
Maintenance, Outof-Tolerance Frame
If the buyer selects No, the cursor returns to the Unit Cost field—offering
the buyer a chance to enter a lower value to bring the line back into
tolerance. The line cannot be placed on a PO if its cost is higher than the
maximum approved cost plus the tolerance value or percent, if one has
been assigned.
When the buyer selects Yes, the cursor advances to the Reroute
Requisition field. If the buyer sets the field to Yes, a Routing Maintenance
screen appears. The Route To defaults from the setting in the Out of
Tolerance Routing field in Requisition Accounting Control. The buyer
can change this to any valid user. If the buyer chooses not to route the outof-tolerance requisition at this time, it stays in the buyer’s queue.
Note When the buyer marks a line out of tolerance, the Aprvl Status
fields in the requisition header and the requisition line detail change from
Approved to Out of Tolerance. If the requisition maximum cost is
changed to bring the line back into tolerance, the status changes to
Unapproved, and the requisition must repeat the approval process for that
line before it can be placed on a purchase order. While the status is Out of
Tolerance, the line can still be placed on a PO if the buyer enters a cost
that is within the tolerance parameters.
Global Requisition System (GRS)
Viewing GRS Data
Table 2.4 lists the reports that can be used with GRS.
Table 2.4
Menu No.
Description
Report Content
5.2.1.2
Approval Level Browse Displays the approval currency amounts and
descriptions associated with approval codes.
5.2.1.5
Category Report
(5.2.1.5)
Displays summary or detail information about
the categories defined in Category Maintenance
(5.2.1.4). The summary report shows category
description as well as the accounts included in
the category and their descriptions. The detail
report also includes numbers and descriptions of
assigned accounts.
5.2.1.8
Job Browse
Displays job codes and descriptions.
5.2.1.17
Approver Report
Displays summary or detail information about
approvers, grouped by approver type
(horizontal, vertical, job, product line) and
name. The summary report includes approval
and review levels, sub-account and cost center
ranges, categories, jobs, sites, product lines, and
effective dates. The detail report adds the names
of alternate and administrative approvers.
5.2.4
Requisition Inquiry
Displays the Requisition Maintenance (5.2.3)
frames for a selected requisition in read-only
mode.
5.2.5
Requisition Browse
Displays various data about requisitions,
including supplier, requisition date, entered by,
requested by, and end user.
5.2.6
Requisition Report
Displays one or more requisitions based on
selection criteria. Options let you include only
open requisitions, include header and line
comments in the report, output the report in
single- or multiple-line format, or start each
requisition on a new page.
5.2.8
Requisition History Log Tracks the routing and action history of a single
requisition or range of requisitions. You can
optionally include the IDs of users receiving
e-mail.
5.2.15
Approval Status Inquiry
Displays the current routing and approval status
of a requisition, approvals still needed, and any
approval comments.
GRS Reports
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Menu No.
Description
Report Content
5.2.16
Approver’s Open Req.
Inquiry
Displays which requisitions are currently routed
to an approver’s queue.
5.2.17
PO and Req Cross
Reference
Displays the requisition numbers associated
with a purchase order or the purchase orders
where requisition lines have been placed.
5.2.19
Requisition to PO
Report
Displays approved purchase requisitions and
their associated purchase orders by cost center
and/or by project letting you track purchasing
costs.
5.2.21
Out of Tolerance
Inquiry
Displays out-of-tolerance requisition lines,
including both PO cost and requisition cost and
unit of measure.
Chapter 3
Purchasing
Purchasing provides comprehensive support for procuring components,
materials, and supplies in a centralized or distributed environment.
Introduction to Purchasing
66
Creating Standard Requisitions
Creating Purchase Orders
72
Updating Purchase Order Costs
Creating Blanket Orders
Creating Receivers
Creating Returns
70
82
83
85
99
Deleting Expired Orders
100
Calculating Purchase Price Variances
Subcontract Purchasing
Special Purchasing Topics
101
106
100
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Introduction to Purchasing
Purchasing lets you manage all aspects of ordering and receiving
materials and services—requisitions, approvals, purchase orders, receipts,
and returns. It supports purchasing of products as well as non-product
materials and services—such as subcontracting services—and gives you
the means to support discrete, process, and just-in-time (JIT)
manufacturing.
Effect of Optional Features
A number of optional features and modules affect the processing of
purchase orders and PO receipts. Many of these options add additional
pop-up windows that display during header or line-item entry. This
chapter describes standard purchase orders. If you are using optional
features, the following list indicates where you can find additional
information when:
• If you are using the optional Supplier Consignment Inventory
module, see Chapter 4, “Supplier Consignment Inventory,” on
page 109.
• If you are monitoring supplier performance, see Chapter 5, “Supplier
Performance,” on page 147.
• If you are using the optional Logistics Accounting module, see User
Guide: QAD Master Data.
• If you are using the optional Enterprise Material Transfer (EMT)
module, EMT automatically translates sales orders into purchase
orders, which cannot be processed using standard purchase order
features. EMT is described in User Guide: QAD Sales.
• If you are using purchase orders to manage subcontract receipts and
are also using the WIP Lot/Trace module, additional pop-ups display.
These are described in User Guide: QAD Manufacturing.
Purchasing
A purchase involves several steps. Often the first step is a requisition,
which is the result of demands recognized by material requirements
planning (MRP). An order is next, either a purchase order, a blanket
Purchasing
67
order, or a supplier schedule. When the ordered goods arrive, a record is
made called a receiver. If the goods are returned to the supplier, another
record is made. The system keeps a record of each step.
Fig. 3.1
Requisition
Requisition
Return
Return
Purchase
Purchase
Order
Order
Blanket
Blanket
Order
Order
Overview of
Purchasing
Activities
Receipt
Receipt
Supplier
Supplier Invoice
Invoice
Supplier
Supplier
Schedules
Schedules
Requisitions
A requisition is a record stating that an item is needed. Requisitions
specify quantity, date needed, and place to be delivered. A requisition is
often the first step of a purchase, although you can issue a purchase order
without it. Create requisitions manually or by approving a planned order
from MRP. Some companies also require approvals before requisitions
become orders. The requisition’s information is then transferred to a
purchase order or a blanket order, and the requisition is deleted.
You can use standard requisition functions to manage requisitions, which
are described in this chapter. If your company requires multi-line
requisitions and complex approval cycles, you can use the optional
Global Requisition System (GRS).
Purchase Orders
A purchase order is a contract with a supplier for items to be delivered on
specified dates. It includes the delivery address, the terms of the
agreement, tax data, and shipping costs.
¶ See Chapter 2,
“Global
Requisition
System (GRS),”
on page 9.
68
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Receivers and Supplier Invoices
A receiver is a record that goods have been received into inventory.
Receivers update inventory balances and allow accounts payable to verify
quantities and prices before paying suppliers.
As items are received into inventory, an invoice for the items is typically
received in accounts payable. Information from the invoice is recorded in
the system. After verifying that no discrepancies exist among the supplier
invoice, the purchase order, and the receiver, accounts payable approves
the invoice for payment.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Financials
B.
Optionally, use Evaluated Receipts Settlement (ERS) to record a pending
payment to a supplier without an invoice.
Returns
A return is a record of purchased items returned to a supplier. If items are
returned for exchange, a return transaction tracks the items. If they are
returned for credit, a purchase order with a negative quantity adjusts
supplier balances.
Types of Purchase Orders
The system supports three kinds of purchase orders:
• Discrete purchase orders
• Blanket purchase orders
• Supplier schedules
Discrete Purchase Orders
Use discrete POs for single transactions with a supplier, when there is no
assumption that further transactions will occur. Purchase orders contain a
single delivery date for each line item. MRP treats purchase order items
as supply, and assumes that ordered amounts will be available on the
delivery date. Receipts can be processed against these purchase orders.
Purchasing
69
Blanket Orders
Use blanket POs for multiple deliveries of stock items, where an ongoing
relationship with the supplier is assumed, but exact delivery dates are yet
to be determined. Quantities and due dates can be entered up to the time
when a blanket order becomes a purchase order.
MRP ignores blanket orders, and receipts cannot be processed against
them.
The system uses the blanket order as a template to create a purchase order
when a release is made. However, once a blanket order is released, the
resulting purchase order is treated like any other. Blanket orders can be
released at specified intervals.
Example A manufacturer of circuit boards buys solder at irregular
intervals, but always from the same supplier. A blanket order for 12
months is created. Each month an order for solder is released to the
supplier, each order specifying a particular quantity.
Supplier Schedules
A supplier schedule is an agreement with a supplier that guarantees a
specified order level. Supplier schedules specify dates and even hours of
delivery for the near term, and inform MRP and the supplier about longterm plans.
The header and trailer of a supplier schedule resemble those of a discrete
purchase order for a single line item with multiple delivery dates.
However, the line item section of a supplier schedule has two parts:
• A short-term shipping schedule with exact quantities and delivery
instructions
• A long-term planning schedule showing upcoming orders and
authorizing the supplier to buy raw materials or make subassemblies
Note Standard supplier schedules support a single schedule that
combines short- and long-term requirements. If you are using the Supplier
Shipping Schedules module, you can generate separate planning and
shipping schedules.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Scheduled
Order
Management for
more information
on supplier
schedules.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Items listed in supplier schedules are seen by MRP as supply, and receipts
can be processed against them. Supplier schedules are also used for
multiple orders from a supplier who may need to adjust production to
accommodate the orders. For ongoing, irregular demands, use a blanket
purchase order.
Example A manufacturer of circuit boards needs circuit board blanks
supplied each week. The manufacturer knows its exact needs for the next
four weeks and its approximate needs for the next 12 months. The
supplier of the blanks uses the information in the supplier schedule to plan
orders for raw materials and to plan production and deliveries.
Creating Standard Requisitions
The system provides two ways to manage purchase requisitions.
• Simple requisitions for single items are created using functions on the
Purchase Requisition Menu (5.1).
• Multiple-line requisitions with complex approval flows can be
created using functions on the Global Requisition menu (5.2).
You must decide which type of requisition you want to use; both systems
cannot be used at the same time. This section describes the standard
requisitions. See Chapter 2, “Global Requisition System (GRS),” on
page 9 for details about global requisitions.
Create standard requisitions manually with Purchase Requisition
Maintenance (5.1.4) or by approving an MRP planned order with Planned
Purchase Order Approval (23.11). The system refers to requisitions by
requisition number.
Each requisition contains the following:
• One item number
• The quantity needed of the item
• The item’s unit of measure
• The site where the item will be received
• The date it is needed
• The ordering site
Purchasing
Use a requisition for non-inventory items—but not for subcontract
purchases or supplier schedules. A requisition can use only the company
base currency.
Use Requisition Approval Maintenance (5.1.16) to predefine approval
levels. When a requisition is created, either manually or through MRP, the
system determines the approval level. Approval codes can be set up for
supervisors, sites, product lines, and purchase accounts. Small purchases
may require a different supervisor’s approval than large purchases.
The system always checks for approval codes, even when an order does
not reference a requisition. When an approval code exists, you can
prevent an item from being added to an order without a requisition by
setting the value of Approved Requisitions for POs in Purchasing Control
to Yes. Otherwise, a warning displays.
Note Approved Requisitions for POs applies only to standard
requisitions; GRS requisitions have their own approval mechanism.
When a requisition is approved, it is considered open until a purchase
order or blanket order references it. When an order references an open
requisition, two things occur:
• The information from the requisition is transferred to the order,
including item, quantity, unit of measure, unit cost, due date,
Purchases account, and line type.
• The requisition quantity is decreased by the amount of the order.
When the requisition quantity reaches zero, the requisition is
automatically deleted.
Note Blanket orders consume open requisition quantities when
purchase orders are released for the orders.
Use Purchase Requisition Report (5.1.6) to generate reports showing
supplier items, units of measure, quote prices, quote quantities, and lead
times.
To specify suppliers or item prices, use a blanket order instead of a
requisition.
71
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Creating Purchase Orders
Use Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) to create a purchase order, which
includes three sections:
• The header contains the general terms of a contract, such as supplier
name, ship-to address, currency (but not price), and delivery date.
Some values can be updated during line-item entry.
• Each line specifies a particular item being ordered, its order quantity,
and price. Line details include any exceptions to header information,
such as a delivery date or receiving site, that apply to the line item
only and not the whole order.
• The trailer contains tax, shipping, and order status information for all
line items.
Purchase orders take their item revision levels from Item-Site Planning
Maintenance (1.4.17), so the wrong item will be ordered if this revision
level is not the same as that set for an item in Item Planning Maintenance
(1.4.7). Use the Item Revision No Variation Rpt (1.5.19) to review
purchase orders for mismatches between the revision levels for items.
Fig. 3.2
Purchase Order
Maintenance (5.7)
Purchasing
73
Header
Some header elements, such as Site, Due Date, and Sales/Job, become
default values for the lines and can be changed during line item entry.
Others, such as Supplier, apply to the entire purchase order and cannot be
changed on the line level.
Header fields with special significance to the PO include the following:
Site. This site entered on the header may or may not be the site where
items are received. This site code displays as the default for each line
item, but you can change it manually. If you leave the site code blank
on the header, you must enter a site manually for each line item.
When you enter the supplier invoice for this order, the system posts
accounts payable amounts to the entity associated with the site
entered on the header, regardless of the site receiving the shipments.
All inventory transactions use the site entered on the line item receipt.
Currency. Specify the domain base currency or an alternate currency.
An order entered in an alternate currency can be paid in the alternate
or the base currency.
When a non-base currency is entered, the system displays the
effective exchange rate relationship and lets you override it.
Price Tbl. Enter a price list defined in the PO/Sched/RMA Rcpt Price
Menu (1.10.2). These lists differ from those used for sales orders.
Default price lists for purchase orders can be specified in Supplier
Data Maintenance (2.3.1). When a price list is referenced on an order,
the system uses it to calculate the item’s unit cost.
Discount Table. Enter the discount table for this order. Validation of
this field depends on the setting of Discrete Discount Table Req in
Purchasing Control (5.24):
• If Yes, the system verifies that the discount table you enter is
valid. If you do not specify a discount table on the header, you
can continue, but an error displays during line-item entry.
• If No, you can leave the Discount Table field blank. If you enter a
discount table that is not valid, you can continue, but the discount
table has no effect on the unit cost.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data for more
information on
pricing.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Discount table defaults from Supplier Data Maintenance. Create
supplier discount tables using the functions on the PO/Sched/RMA
Rcpt Price Menu.
Discount tables identify pricing structures that define specific costs,
discounts, and markups for different quantity levels of items
purchased. Discount tables are used in conjunction with an item base
cost, determined either from a price table or the general ledger (GL)
material cost specified in Item-Site Cost Maintenance or Item Cost
Maintenance.
The discount table you specify in this field must be one of the
following types:
• Type P (price): The discount percentage is computed from the
difference between the base unit cost and the fixed cost specified
on the discount table.
• Type D (discount percent): Represents a percentage taken from
the item base cost.
• Type M (markup percent): Represents a percentage added to the
item base cost.
The system checks the following to determine if a discount table is
valid for an order item.
• The line-item due date must be within the start and expiration
dates. The due date used for pricing purposes is always the header
due date unless Price by PO Line Due Date is Yes in Purchasing
Accounting Control (36.9.5).
• The item number or product line (or both) must match the
discount table.
• The item unit of measure must match the discount table unit of
measure. Blank is not considered a match unless both the
discount table unit of measure and the item unit of measure are
blank.
• The currency of the discount table must match order currency.
Credit Terms. Specify the credit terms that apply to this requisition.
Entered By. If this order was created by releasing a blanket order, the
ID of the user who performed the release displays; otherwise, the ID
of the person creating the order displays.
Purchasing
Line Items
Enter line items in single or multiple entry format. Single entry lets you
customize due dates, sites, tax statuses, and other information for each
line item. Multiple entry lets you enter basic information such as item
number, quantity, and price for several lines on a single screen. The
default format is specified in Purchasing Control (5.24).
Fig. 3.3
Purchase Order
Line Items
Site. Enter the site where the item is to be delivered. If requirements
change, you can modify individual line items to redirect delivery to
another site. You cannot change the site after receipts have been
recorded against the line item.
Item Number. Enter the number of the item to be ordered. the item
numbers determines whether the item is an inventory item, memo
item, or supplier item. If the item number you enter is not in the item
master, the system automatically treats the line as a memo purchase.
Set up supplier items in Supplier Item Maintenance (1.19).
When you enter a supplier item, the system displays the inventory
item number, the default purchasing unit of measure, and quote cost.
Qty Ordered. Enter an order quantity. When you print a purchase
order, it reflects the open order quantity. You can change the order
quantity as needed. If receipts have already been recorded against the
order, the printed order no longer shows the original order quantity.
¶ See “Type” on
page 79 for
details about
memo items.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Unit of Measure. Enter a unit of measure for the item. This value can
differ from the standard unit of measure specified in the item master.
The system can process receipts in either the standard or alternate unit
of measure. When entering alternate UMs, use conversion factors to
simplify line item entry and retain accurate planning and reporting. If
a conversion factor exists, the system automatically accesses it to
update the item unit cost for the alternate UM. If no conversion factor
exists, an error message displays. Enter a value in UM Conversion;
the default is 1.000.
Example A company buys steel rods in boxes of 100 but maintains
inventory and planning records for each unit. The conversion is set up
for EA to BX, and the conversion factor is 100.
Unit Cost. If a price table or discount table is specified in the header,
the system checks the line item against that list. If a match in the order
currency is found, the default unit cost is calculated using the listed
value. If a price list is not specified in the header, the system
determines the unit cost of an item to be one of the following:
• Supplier item price, if one exists
• Item master GL cost, if one exists
• Requisition cost
If you specify a minimum and/or maximum price in a price list, the
system verifies the calculated (or user-entered) net cost against it. If
the net cost is outside the minimum/maximum range, the system
displays an error message and replaces the line item net cost with
either the maximum or minimum price from the price list, as
appropriate. You can also use price lists to define specific discounts or
markups at different quantity levels. The purchase order prints the
unit cost after discount.
Note You can apply quantity-based pricing to both discrete purchase
orders and scheduled purchase orders.
Disc %. Enter the percentage, if any, by which the unit price is
decreased.
Location. Enter the location where the item is to be received. The
default location depends on whether Inspection Required is Yes in
Item-Site Planning Maintenance (1.4.17) or Item Master Maintenance
(1.4.1). When it is Yes, the location defaults in this order:
Purchasing
• The inspection location specified for the site and item in Item-
Site Planning Maintenance.
• The inspection location defined for the site in Site Maintenance
(1.1.13).
• The inspection location defined in Purchasing Control (5.24).
When Inspection Required is No, location defaults in this order:
• The default item-site location defined in Item-Site Inventory Data
Maintenance (1.4.16).
• The default item location defined in Item Master Maintenance.
Note If you manually change Inspection Required to Yes, you must
re-enter the location afterwards.
Item Revision, Item Revision Date. Enter the code representing the
revision level of the item. This field is validated against predefined
values entered in Generalized Codes Maintenance (36.2.3) for field
pod_rev. This field defaults from the Revision field in Item-Site
Planning Maintenance (1.4.17). If no revision level exists there, it
defaults from the Revision field in Item Master Maintenance (1.4.1).
Optionally, specify the date the line item revision level is effective.
The default is blank. If blank, no revision date prints in Purchase
Order Print (5.10) or Blanket Order Print (5.3.5).
Note Do not confuse the item revision with the order revision. Order
revision indicates whether changes have been made to the order; it
has no default. Item revision indicates changes have been made to the
engineering version of the item; the level defaults from either ItemSite Planning Maintenance or Item Master Maintenance.
Status. This code indicates whether an item or order is open (blank),
canceled (X), or closed (C). Even if individual items are closed or
canceled, the order can remain open.
When a line item is completely received, the system changes its status
to closed. Once all line items are closed, the system changes the order
status to closed.
Manually close an order or line item by changing the status to C or X.
Line items and purchase orders that have been canceled or closed can
be reinstated by changing the status code. However, it is not
necessary to reopen items or orders to process returns.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
When you cancel an order or line item, the system retains a record of
unreceived quantities but excludes them from open order reports and
MRP.
Note To have the system automatically cancel an ordered item if the
quantity received is less than ordered, set Cancel Back Orders to Yes
in Purchasing Control (5.24).
Supplier Item. Some suppliers require their item numbers to be on
orders. In such cases, enter the supplier’s item number here.
Note If a supplier needs more information, use line item comments.
You can set up cross-references between items defined with Item
Master Maintenance (1.4.1) and a supplier’s item numbers. This lets
you enter either your item number or the supplier’s, and enables both
numbers to be printed on orders.
Enter supplier items in Supplier Item Maintenance (1.19). For each
supplier item, you can specify the unit of measure, lead time, quote
price and quantity, currency, and references for its manufacturer and
manufacturer item number.
Supplier items appear on printed purchase requisitions and purchase
requisition reports. The buyer can review requirements for an item
and compare lead times and prices for various suppliers.
The system uses the supplier number to set the default unit of
measure. It also sets the default unit cost to supplier quote cost when a
price is not found on a price list and:
• Currency for the order is the same as for the supplier item.
• Order quantity is at least as great as the quote quantity.
• Unit of measure is the same as for the supplier item.
Due Date. Enter the date when items are due to be received at the
specified site. Defaults from the header.
Perform Date. Enter the supplier’s promised delivery date, or leave
blank to default to the due date.
Need Date. Enter the date items must be available for shipping or
issuing to manufacturing. Need date should equal the due date plus
any inspection lead time. If the line item references a requisition, the
Purchasing
need date defaults from the requisition need date. If no requisition
number is entered and need date is left blank, the need date defaults
from the line item due date.
Sales/Job Number. Enter an optional code associating the purchase
order with a specific sales or job number. If entered on the header, the
number displays on each order line, but can be overridden there.
Purchases Account. Specify an expense or asset account used for
memo purchases only, although the field also displays when entering
inventory and subcontract line items. This must be a valid, active
account of type Standard. This account defaults from the Purchases
account for the supplier.
When a quantity is received against a memo item, a GL transaction is
created to debit Purchases and credit Expensed Item Receipts.
Project. Enter an optional code identifying the default GL project
associated with the purchase order. If you specify a value, it defaults
to each line item and can be changed as needed.
Type. This field determines the effect on inventory, planning, and cost
accounting when the item is received in a purchase order. Type
defaults from Memo Order Type in Item-Site Inventory Data
Maintenance (1.4.16), if defined for the order line site; otherwise, it
defaults from Item Master Maintenance (1.4.1).
Blank: This line item is received into inventory. When the receipt is
processed, inventory balances are increased and a GL transaction
debits the Inventory account. Inventory items are considered supply
by MRP.
Non-blank: This item does not affect inventory and does not create an
Inventory GL transaction. For a non-inventory item, type defaults to
M (memo). Memo items are expensed or capitalized upon receipt,
depending on the Purchases account for the item. Memo items have
no effect on MRP.
S: Subcontract. This line item is for a subcontract operation. A work
order number, lot ID, and operation are specified on the order and on
the receipt. When the receipt is processed, work order operation
status is updated and a GL transaction debits the WIP account from
the work order.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
B: Blanket. This line item is for a blanket order. The system sets the
line type to B in Blanket Order Maintenance and you cannot change
it. You cannot specify B on any other type of order.
This field is validated against values defined in Generalized Codes
Maintenance for field name pod_type.
Although subcontract items are in the item master, they are received
to work orders rather than to inventory. As a result, MRP does not
consider them a source of supply since these quantities are already
included in the work order. You can enter the work order number, the
lot ID, and operation for the subcontractor or leave them blank. If left
blank, a warning message displays to remind you that a work order ID
is required when you receive subcontract items. The system needs the
work order ID to obtain shipper information during the receipt. You
can still create the purchase order.
The system automatically updates the work order number and
operation if:
• A new cumulative ID is created through an Advanced Repetitive
transaction.
¶ See “Specifying
Subcontract
Suppliers for a
Routing” on
page 103.
• You specify a subcontract routing and operation for this purchase
order in Subcontract Routing/Op PO Maintenance (5.11) or in
Subcontract Order MRP % Maint (5.5.1.21).
Taxable. Indicate whether the item is taxable. Items purchased for
resale are normally not taxable. The taxable status on the purchase
order header displays as the default for each line item, but it can be
changed.
Inspection Required. Indicate if the item is to be inspected after
receipt. This field defaults from item master data. If Yes, the system
searches for an inspection location in this order:
• The inspection location specified for the site and item in Item-
Site Planning Maintenance (1.4.17)
• The inspection location defined for the site in Site Maintenance
(1.1.13)
• The inspection location defined in Purchasing Control (5.24)
If No, the location defaults to the item location specified in the item
inventory data.
Purchasing
81
Update Average/Last Cost. Indicate whether the purchase order is to
be reflected in the current cost of the item. The update will set the cost
to the last cost (that is, this purchase) or to a weighted average cost
depending on the setting in Inventory Accounting Control (36.9.2).
If you use the Cost Management module and select average cost for
GL as well as current costs, the system updates both current and GL
costs.
Note In a distributed purchasing environment, costs are updated in
both the inventory and purchasing databases.
Trailer
The trailer section contains financial information for the entire order.
Major fields include the following:
View/Edit Tax Detail. Set this field to Yes to update or review tax
amounts.
Order Revision. Optionally specify the revision level of the purchase
order. This value should not be confused with the item revision,
which identifies the item’s engineering drawing revision. Each time a
purchase order is changed, you may want to increase the number by 1
to show how many times the order was changed. You may also want
to add comments describing the change and reasons for making it. A
new copy of the order can be printed to document the change.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Financials
B for more
information on
taxes.
Order Rev Date. Optionally, specify the date the order revision level
is effective. The default is blank.
Print PO. Only open order quantities appear on printed purchase
orders. If you print the order after receiving line items, it is not
reflected in the original order quantity.
To prevent you from accidentally reprinting an order, the system
automatically resets Print PO to No. If you reprint the order without
resetting Print PO to Yes, the word DUPLICATE appears on the
order.
Under most circumstances, this field defaults to Yes for new orders.
However, if you use EDI eCommerce to transmit purchase orders to
your suppliers in electronic data interchange (EDI) format, you
probably do not print the orders as well. The system uses the logical
¶ See User Guide:
QAD EDI
eCommerce for
details on EDI.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
parameter Send EDI PO in the supplier’s record in Trading Partner
Parameter Maintenance (35.13.10) to determine the default setting of
Print PO. When Send EDI PO is Yes, Print PO defaults to No.
The revision level or change order number printed on the purchase
order must be maintained manually on the purchase order trailer.
EDI PO. This field controls whether the purchase order can be
selected for export using EDI eCommerce Purchase Order Export
(35.4.9). The field defaults from the logical parameter Send EDI PO
in the supplier’s record in Trading Partner Parameter Maintenance, if
one is defined. If it is not, the default is No.
Amount Prepaid. Enter the amount of deposit sent with this purchase
order. The amount does not update the GL or supplier account
balance. A payment must be created in Accounts Payable, entered as
a prepayment. When the invoice finally arrives, you can use Open
Item Adjustment to match the prepayment record to the invoice.
FOB Point. Free on Board. Identifies where title passes to the buyer
and often is used to indicate who pays shipping charges.
Ship Via. This field defaults from the carrier name specified in
Supplier Data Maintenance (2.3.1), which identifies the preferred
carrier for a supplier’s orders. This value can be overridden.
Updating Purchase Order Costs
Use Purchase Order Cost Update (5.19) to update the unit cost of items.
This program uses the same logic as Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) to
recalculate the price of eligible lines on the selected purchase orders.
Enter Yes in the Fixed Price field on the PO line to exclude individual
order lines from automatic cost recalculation or No to include them. Lines
that are closed, canceled, or returned are automatically excluded from the
update. Set the default value for each supplier in Supplier Data
Maintenance (2.3.1). The header value defaults to each of the line items.
Note Scheduled orders can have prices fixed; however, scheduled orders
typically do not have an order quantity to determine a price, so even
though scheduled orders are not explicitly excluded in the update, PO
costs on scheduled orders are not affected.
Purchasing
83
Orders are selected for update based on selection criteria you specify.
Leave selection criteria blank to have all orders selected for processing. If
Fixed Price for a line item is No, all available pricing information is used
to determine the item’s new cost, including item master cost, and the price
list specified in the purchase order if applicable.
Example Enter a price list of type list. All purchase orders specifying
that price list in the header are selected. Line items eligible for cost
recalculation have their new costs calculated.
The update report shows both old and new costs and the discount for all
lines changed. Net cost after discount is determined by the quantity
ordered, but the open quantity is printed on the report.
If Keep Booking History is Yes in Purchasing Control (5.24), Purchase
Order Cost Update creates transaction history records for all lines
changed.
Creating Blanket Orders
Blanket orders save time when placing periodic or recurring orders for the
same item because they let you preapprove purchase orders. Blanket
orders are templates for purchase orders. You cannot receive items against
them and MRP does not include them as supply.
Fig. 3.4
Blanket Order Flow
Enter
Enterblanket
blanketorder.
order.
Release
Releaseblanket
blanketorder
ordertoto
purchase
purchaseorder.
order.
Print
Printblanket
blanketorder.
order.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Use Blanket Order Maintenance (5.3.1) to record and modify blanket
orders.
Fig. 3.5
Blanket Order
Maintenance
(5.3.1)
You can create blanket orders for two types of deliveries:
• Recurring. Deliveries are regular, recurring, and of the same size. In
the order header, set Recurring and Release to Yes. For deliveries that
take place on a regular cycle, such as weekly or monthly, specify a
cycle code. Set up values in Generalized Codes Maintenance
(36.2.13) for field po_cycl to standardize input. You do not have to
specify order and line item due dates during order entry. Leave these
fields blank to have the system assign them automatically when the
blanket order is released. Set Quantity to Release to the normal
delivery size.
• Irregular. Delivery dates or item quantities vary with each PO. In the
order header, set Recurring and Release to No. To release an irregular
blanket order to a purchase order, set Release to Yes and enter the
delivery due date and order quantity for each item.
Release the blanket order in Blanket Order Release to PO (5.3.6). You can
set selection criteria for any combination of cycle code, order number,
supplier, blanket order date, or due date. The system assigns a PO number
by appending a release number to the blanket order number. For example,
the first purchase order for blanket order 12004 would be 1200401, the
second would be 1200402, and so on. If the appended number would
Purchasing
exceed eight characters, the system assigns a new number. The ID of the
user performing the release is recorded in the Entered By field. A report is
produced of the orders successfully released to POs.
If you release an item by mistake, use Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7)
to cancel or delete the line. When a purchase order line item is canceled or
deleted, the open quantity on the corresponding blanket PO is
automatically adjusted. You can also use Purchase Order Maintenance to
change the site or quantity ordered for a line item on a released PO. The
quantity open on the blanket order is automatically adjusted. The PO
quantity cannot exceed the open line item quantity on the blanket order.
Changing the delivery site on the PO does not update the blanket order.
You cannot delete a PO line item or change its site or quantity when
receipts are posted against it.
When a receipt is posted against a PO released from a blanket PO, the
corresponding blanket order receipt quantity (if any) is also updated. The
system closes blanket orders when the order is fully released or when all
the lines are closed or canceled.
To delete or archive closed blanket orders, use Closed PO Delete/Archive
(5.23). You cannot delete a blanket order when purchase orders created
from it exist in the system.
Creating Receivers
Record receipts against purchase orders, supplier schedules, and shippers
in Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1). More than one line item can be
processed in a single transaction. You can correct errors made in receiving
by entering negative quantities in Purchase Order Receipts. However, you
may have to reopen a purchase order line to do this.
You cannot create receipts when the transaction date is outside the order
line effective date range for the order line being received. If you try, the
system displays a warning. You can return items, but a warning displays
when the transaction date is outside of the order line effective date range,
and you are prompted to continue.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 3.6
Receiving Flow
Supplier
Supplierprocesses
processesorder.
order.
Print
Printreceiver.
receiver.
Receive
Receiveitems.
items.
Exchange
Exchangeitems
itemsororreturn
returnfor
for
credit.
credit.
Control Settings
Several settings in Purchasing Control (5.24) affect purchase receipts.
• The Receiver Type field determines whether receivers are created for
each order or for each item on the order, or not printed at all.
• Tolerance Percent and Tolerance Cost determine how the system
manages receipts that exceed the order quantity.
History Records
When recording a receipt, the system updates several kinds of history
records:
• Purchase receipts
• Inventory transactions
• Inventory GL costs
• Tax transactions
These records are used for accounts payable, variance reporting, tax
reporting, and supplier performance reports. If you receive more than one
delivery from a supplier on the same day for the same order, enter
separate receipts to simplify receiver matching in accounts payable.
Shipment Information
¶ See “Receipt
Processing” in
the Shipping
chapter of User
Guide: QAD
Sales.
If Shipment Info for Receipts is Yes in Container/Shipper Control
(7.9.24), you can specify additional shipment information during receipt
entry. A Shipment Information frame displays for input of data in:
• PO Shipper Receipt (5.5.5.11, 5.13.20)
Purchasing
87
• Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
Subcontract Information
You can specify additional subcontract information and transact
additional subcontract operations if you have control options set in the
Advanced Repetitive module. In PO Shipper Maintenance (5.5.5.5 and
5.13.14) and Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1), the Subcontract Shippers
frame displays when you set Manual Shipper Update to Yes in
Subcontract Shipping Control (18.22.5.24) in the Advanced Repetitive
module. In the Subcontract Shippers frame, you can connect subcontract
shippers and other subcontract data with the purchase order you are
receiving items against, thereby allowing more subcontract operation
visibility.
Additionally, if you use the WIP Lot/Trace function, you can use
Purchase Order Receipts to place received WIP lot- or serial-controlled
subcontractor items into finished goods automatically. To do this, you
must set Move to Next Operation to Yes.
When the subcontract operation is the last routing operation, the system
displays an additional frame to edit received WIP lot- or serial-controlled
item information before an inventory record is created.
PO Receipt Packing Slip Inquiry
PO Receipt Packing Slip Inquiry (5.13.4) lets you review information by
packing slip number and PO receipt number. Select records using one or
more of the following selection criteria:
• Item number
• Purchase order
• Receiver
• Packing slip number
You can reconcile shipments by matching the supplier’s packing slip
number or fiscal document number against your PO receipt. This is useful
for supplier schedules and fiscal receiving.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD
Manufacturing.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 3.7
PO Receipt Packing
Slip Inquiry
(5.13.4)
PO Containers and Shippers
You can receive items for one purchase order at a time. However,
purchased items are often grouped in containers and managed with
shippers. The Purchasing Receipts/Returns menu (5.13) provides support
for recording, confirming, and deleting/archiving container and shipper
information.
Use PO Container Maintenance (5.13.13) to record information on racks,
boxes, crates, bags, or other conveyances used by a supplier to enclose
and transport items or other containers. Containers must be defined in the
item master before they can be used in PO Container Maintenance.
Use PO Shipper Maintenance (5.13.14) to record item numbers and
quantities from formal shipping documents or supplier packing lists. In
contrast to Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1), PO Shipper Maintenance
does not immediately update inventory balances or create GL transactions
for PO receipts and Inventory accounts. Rather, it lets you record a receipt
and take time to verify it. PO Shipper Maintenance also lets you receive
consolidated packing lists, as when a supplier consolidates several
purchase orders in one shipment.
Use PO Shipper Receipt (5.13.20) to update inventory and the GL after
manually verifying received items and quantities.
Note Scheduled orders have both header and line start and end effective
dates. When processing an order, the system uses the line start date and
the later of the header or line end date as the active order line date range.
If you specify a scheduled PO and line in PO Container Maintenance, PO
Shipper Maintenance, or PO Shipper Receipt, and the system date is
outside of the order line effective date range, the system displays a
warning and prompts you to continue. If you specify Yes, you can
continue processing.
Purchasing
89
Tracking Subcontract Shippers
When Manual Shipper Update is set to Yes in Subcontract Shipping
Control (18.22.5.24), the system displays the Subcontract Shippers frame
in Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1), Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7),
and PO Shipper Maintenance (5.5.5.5 and 5.13.14). Use the frame to:
• View and associate multiple subcontract shippers with the receipt or
return.
• View WIP lot/serial numbers of items being received or returned.
• Indicate whether the subcontract shipper is fully received even when
the quantity received does not match the original quantity shipped.
• Scrap unreturned material.
Converting Containers for Reuse
When prompted, you can convert containers for reuse on sales order
shipments when:
• PO containers were created manually in PO Container Maintenance
• Order type is TRANSHIP, if using EMT
• Convert Container/Items for Sales is Yes in Purchasing Control (5.24)
Note If you use EDI eCommerce, importing an advance ship notice
(ASN) automatically creates a shipper. You do not need to do it manually.
You can edit the shipper using PO Shipper Maintenance if changes are
needed, or simply receive the items in PO Shipper Receipt.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD EDI
eCommerce.
Deleting Shippers/Containers
Use PO Shipper Delete/Archive (5.13.23) to permanently remove shipper
records from the system.
You can delete containers one at a time in PO Container Maintenance. To
remove all unused container records by range of site and container
number, use Container Delete/Archive (7.7.23).
¶ See “Deleting
Unused
Containers” in
the Shipping
chapter of User
Guide: QAD
Sales.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
PO Shippers Combined with Invoices
While PO Shipper Maintenance lets you create records of shipment
details, PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance (5.13.18) lets you create a
single record that combines shipment details with details from supplier
invoices. The supplier’s invoice number can later be used as a reference in
Receiver Matching to identify the lines on the shipper.
Shipper/invoices are used to partially automate the processing of supplier
payments. When goods on the shipper/invoice are received using PO
Shipper Receipt (5.13.20), pending supplier invoices referencing the
supplier, ship-to, and supplier invoice number are created automatically
for each invoice line item received. Pending supplier invoices are used to
track the amounts owed to suppliers.
PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance lets you:
• Combine a record of item numbers and quantities from formal
shipping documents with details from associated supplier invoices.
• Link multiple invoices from the same supplier to one shipper.
• Associate open purchase orders with supplier invoices.
• Simultaneously update invoice lines and shipper lines to ensure that
shipper quantities always correspond to their associated invoice
quantities.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data for details
on Logistics
Accounting.
• When Logistics Accounting is used, optionally receive the items on
the PO shipper into a transit location in order to pay for the goods
before they arrive. You use PO Shipper Receipt into Transit (5.13.19)
to perform the receipt.
Important Shipper/invoices are a unique type of shipper and cannot be
accessed or updated by PO Shipper Maintenance or PO Fiscal Receiving.
They can be maintained only in the program that creates them—PO
Shipper/Invoice Maintenance—and that program cannot update standard
shippers.
Shipper/Invoice Number Assignment
Combined shippers use a unique numbering sequence for the shipper IDs.
Use Purchase Shipper Control (5.13.24) to specify the Number Range
Management (NRM) sequence to optionally assign a shipper identifier
Purchasing
91
when a new PO shipper/invoice is created in PO Shipper/Invoice
Maintenance. The target dataset for this NRM sequence is
abs_id.poshipper.
Creating Shipper/Invoices
PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance has three sections:
• The header contains general shipping information, such as the item
supplier name, shipper ID, ship-to site, ship date, and status of the
shipment as well as shipment details.
• The invoice frame lets you record the supplier invoice information
and associate one or more purchase orders with the specified invoice.
Multiple supplier invoices can be recorded for the same PO shipper.
• Detail lines specify the particular items listed on each invoice and
included in the shipper. The PO Line Selection frame displays the
open PO lines associated with the invoice. The PO Line Matching
Maintenance frame lets you select and modify individual PO line
item quantities and costs.
When Logistics Accounting is used, additional frames display that let you
specify suppliers for logistics charges such as freight and duty and,
optionally, receive the goods on the shipper into a transit location.
Header
PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance and PO Shipper Maintenance use the
same header frames. Many of the shipping elements in the header are for
reference only.
Header fields with special significance include the following:
Supplier. Enter a valid item supplier. This field cannot be blank.
Shipper ID. Enter the ID of a combined shipper or leave blank to
create a new shipper using the NRM sequence specified in Purchase
Shipper Control.
Ship-To ID. Enter the site code or address code of the company
accepting the goods. This site cannot be changed after detail lines are
added to the shipper.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data for details
on Logistics
Accounting.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Carrier Shipment Ref. Enter the shipment reference number from the
carrier, such as a bill of lading number, carrier tracking number, or
packing slip number.
Note When Logistics Accounting is used, the shipment reference is
used during receiver matching to help match pending supplier
invoices to invoices from logistics suppliers.
Carrier Shipment Ref2. Optionally, enter another shipment reference
number supplied by the carrier, such as a waybill number.
Status. Displays the status of this shipper.
Ship Date. Enter the date the goods were shipped. Defaults to the
system date. This field is used by the system when calculating the
open quantity on a scheduled order line. This date is also used to
determine if the quantity invoiced on a scheduled order line will
cause the receipt quantity or cost tolerance specified in Purchasing
Control (5.24) to be exceeded.
Arrive Date. Reference only. The date the shipment is due at the port
of arrival.
Due Date. Reference only. The date the items on the shipment are due
to be received at the destination.
Invoice Frame
After the first screen, a frame displays for recording supplier invoices and
their associated POs. You can then select open line items to include on the
shipper. The shipper/invoice is not recorded in the system until at least
one supplier invoice and one associated PO are recorded.
Invoice. Enter an invoice identifier for the specified supplier.
Currency. Enter a valid, active currency for the invoice. Defaults from
the currency of the supplier.
Invoice Date. Enter the invoice date. Defaults to the system date.
Invoice Amount. Enter the invoice amount.
Total. This field displays the total amount already invoiced. When a
new invoice in entered, this field defaults to zero.
Purchasing
93
Order. Enter an open PO for the selected supplier invoice. More than
one PO can be specified for a single invoice. Only open purchase
orders that match the supplier and ship-to site in the header can be
associated with this shipper.
Auto Select. Indicate whether you want to automatically select all
open line items on the specified purchase orders for invoicing. If Yes,
the Invoice Open Qty/Amt and Select All fields become available.
Invoice Open Qty/Amt. When Auto Select is Yes, indicate whether
you want to invoice the open quantities on each PO line.
No (default): Invoice Quantity and Invoice Cost default to zero.
Yes: Invoice Quantity and Invoice Cost in the PO Line Matching
Maintenance frame default to the PO line uninvoiced open quantity
and PO line net unit cost respectively.
Select All. When Auto Select is Yes, indicate whether you want to
select all open PO lines for invoicing. Default is No.
Sort By. Specify whether PO lines are sorted by PO number and line
sequence or by PO and item number sequence.
Line Items
The PO Line Selection frame displays the open PO line items grouped by
PO number for the specified supplier invoice. If you specified Yes to
Select All, an asterisk (*) appears next to each open PO line in the Sel
column. You can select line items to include on the shipper and optionally
update line item quantities and costs.
Processing PO Shipper Supplier Invoices
When PO Shipper Receipt (5.5.5.11 or 5.13.20) is used to receive
shipper/invoice line items, a pending supplier invoice is created for each
invoice line item referencing the supplier, ship-to site, and invoice
identifier. Use Supplier Invoice Create (28.1.1) to partially automate the
processing of payments for these supplier invoices.
To process supplier invoices for shipper/invoices, you enter the supplier
code for the shipper and then specify the identifier of the supplier invoice
created in PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance. After entering a daybook,
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Financials
A for details on
receiver
matching.
94
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
you can click Matching to access the Receiver Matching frame. In the
Purchase Order Shipper tab, the supplier’s invoice number is filled in.
When you click Apply, the lines from the pending invoices associated
with the PO shipper/invoice are populated in read-only mode.
When you click Save, the system matches the purchase receipt with the
invoice lines.
PO Fiscal Receiving
PO Fiscal Receiving (5.13.16) lets you:
• Record item numbers, quantities, costs, and taxes from shipping
documents.
• Update inventory and GL accounts.
• Process multiple POs per receipt.
• Calculate and register applicable taxes.
Fiscal receiving supports companies where:
• PO receipts are registered for fiscal and/or tax purposes.
• PO receipts are tracked and audited by fiscal shipping documents.
• Multiple POs are frequently consolidated by the supplier into one
fiscal shipment for the same ship-to address.
• It is necessary to update purchase costs at PO receipt.
Fig. 3.8
Fiscal Receiving
Processing Flow
PO Maintenance
Scheduled Order Maint.
Order
Ordergoods
goodsusing
usingpurchase
purchase
orders
ordersororscheduled
scheduledorders.
orders.
PO Shipper Receipt
Update
Updateinventory
inventoryand
andGL.
GL.
PO Receipts
Accounts Payable
PO Fiscal Receiving
Accept
Acceptgoods.
goods.
PO Shipper Maint.
Pay
Payfor
forgoods.
goods.
If the fiscal total does not match the PO total, a warning displays.
However, PO Fiscal Receiving does not change the purchase order. This
leaves a basis for comparison. PO Fiscal Receiving updates purchasing
and tax records but does not affect physical inventory or GL balances.
Purchasing
95
Important PO Fiscal Receiving cannot be used to access or update
shippers combined with invoices created in PO Shipper/Invoice
Maintenance.
After verifying received items and financial information, use PO Shipper
Receipt (5.5.5.11 or 5.13.20) to finalize receipt and create inventory and
GL transactions.
Fig. 3.9
Header, PO Fiscal
Receiving (5.13.16)
Supplier. Specify the code identifying an active, valid supplier who
sent you the goods.
Shipper ID. This field is mandatory, and is usually used to record the
fiscal document number, Nota Fiscal, or other shipping document
number. It can also be used to record the bill of lading number.
Ship-To. Specify the site code or address code of the company address
accepting the goods.
Control Lines. Specify the total number of lines on the fiscal
document.
Control Total. Specify the total monetary amount shown on the
shipping document, including tax amounts. Used as a control total for
the fiscal receipt. If the sum of all lines received does not equal this
total, a warning displays.
Credit Terms. Enter the credit terms listed on the shipping document.
These should be the same terms as on the purchase order. Credit terms
are especially important in hyperinflationary environments or if a
credit terms interest percentage is specified on the purchase order.
Issue Date. Specify the date the supplier generated the shipment
document. Becomes the start date for credit terms calculations.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Payment Due Date. Specify the date the supplier is expecting
payment for the shipment. Leave blank to have the system calculate
the date based on credit terms and issue date. If you enter the due date
printed on the supplier document, a warning displays if this due date
is inconsistent with the credit terms and issue date.
For example, if the credit terms are 2% Net 30 Days and the Issue
Date is April 1, and you enter a Due Date of April 15, a warning
displays because the credit terms specify a due date of May 1.
Fig. 3.10
Line Item Screen,
PO Fiscal
Receiving (5.13.16)
After the first screen, you see a frame for recording the PO, quantity, cost,
and receiving information for each line item.
Item. Enter the item number as specified in the purchase order. This
can be a memo item.
Purchase Order. Enter a valid purchase order number for the received
line. You can reference multiple purchase order numbers on the same
receipt, but only one per line item.
Line. Enter the purchase order line number. An error displays if you
reference a line number that is not on the original purchase order or
that corresponds to an item different from the item entered previously.
Purchasing
97
Fiscal Line. Enter the line item number from the shipping document.
If only one purchase order is involved, this is normally the same as
the PO line. If you are referencing an existing fiscal receipt, you can
retrieve the remaining item information in this screen by using
Next/Previous in either of the line fields.
After entering the item, PO, PO line, and fiscal line, you are prompted
to review and optionally edit the default Tax Usage, Tax
Environment, and Tax In settings from the PO for the fiscal receipt.
These settings determine how taxes are calculated for the fiscal
receipt.
Most fields in this screen function the same way as their counterparts in
Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1) and PO Shipper Maintenance (5.13.14).
If you receive items into a different site or location than specified on the
PO, update them here. You can always go back to PO Fiscal Receiving
and update this information before processing the receipt using PO
Shipper Receipt.
Note Changing the site can cause the taxes to be recalculated, if the new
site is in a different tax zone.
Quantity. The actual received item quantity for this line.
UM. The unit of measure for the shipped items.
Conversion. The conversion factor to use if the shipping unit of
measure is not the same as the inventory stocking unit of measure.
For example, if the shipping UM is cases, the stocking UM is pallets,
and there are 10 cases per pallet, the conversion factor is .1.
Packing Quantity. The packing list quantity printed on the supplier’s
packing list, or the official fiscal quantity printed on the supplier’s
fiscal document.
Received Cost. The line item cost from the fiscal document for the
received quantity. This cost includes any taxes included in the line
cost. The value entered is the amount used for the received PO cost
calculation, which overrides the cost entered in the PO line. For
average cost users, this is the beginning basis for the average cost
calculation.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Financials
B for more
information on
taxes.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
PO Net Cost. Output only. Net line item cost from the purchase order.
When you exit the screen, a warning displays if the received cost does
not equal the PO cost. The system does not maintain an audit trail of
variances, but variances are marked with an asterisk (*) in PO Fiscal
Receipt Inquiry (5.13.17).
Site. The company site that receives the items.
Location. The company location that receives the items.
Lot/Serial. Optional. Used only if items are tracked by lot or serial
number.
Reference. An optional lot reference number for the received items.
Supplier Lot. Enter an optional supplier lot number for reference.
Multi Entry. Indicates whether the item was received into multiple
sites and locations, or whether multiple lot/serial numbers or lot
reference numbers were received. Enter Yes to display the multipleentry screen.
PO Comments. Enter Yes to enter transaction comments for the fiscal
receipt. The reference code for PO comments defaults to RCPT:
followed by the purchase order number; for example, RCPT: PO1000.
PO Ln Cmmts. Enter Yes to enter comments for individual line items.
The reference code for line-item comments defaults to RCPT:
followed by the purchase order number, a slash (/), and the line-item
number; for example, RCPT: PO1000/1.
The trailer screen displays line item and tax totals. Use the View/Edit Tax
Detail option to review and change tax amounts.
Use PO Fiscal Receipt Inquiry (5.13.17) to review fiscal receipts.
Supplier code and shipper ID are mandatory. You can display either
quantity or cost information. Variances for calculated due date, quantities,
and costs are marked with an asterisk (*). Where possible, investigate and
resolve any discrepancies before processing the actual receipt using PO
Shipper Receipt (5.5.5.11 or 5.13.20).
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99
Creating Returns
There are two ways to return goods to a supplier. If the purchase order
still exists, use Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7). Or use Purchase Order
Maintenance (5.7) to enter a new line or order for the items to be returned.
Use negative numbers to indicate returned quantities. Receive items in
Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1).
If you are using the Service/Support Management module, the Return to
Supplier functions (11.7.3) are used to return items to the supplier for
service.
Note If you are not using purchasing, you can use Issues–Return to
Supplier (3.8). This program is disabled once purchasing is installed.
The Return to Replace field in Purchase Order Returns defaults to No,
indicating a return for credit. If Yes, the system automatically adds a new
line to the original PO for the returned quantity.
Note The Return to Replace option reopens a closed PO, but does not
work if the original PO has been deleted.
All fields on the new line default to values for the returned line item
except order quantity, which shows that quantity returned, cumulative
quantity received, last quantity received, last quantity returned, and last
quantity changed are all zero. The date received field for the new line is
set to unknown, and the line number is set to the highest line on the PO
plus one. The new line updates quantity on order, MRP, and transaction
history just like any other PO line.
When you process a purchase receipt against the supplier invoice with
Supplier Invoice Maintenance (28.1.1), the quantity returned appears in
the receiver window as a negative quantity offset against the original PO
line.
Purchase Order Returns supports reverse tax accruals and re-averages
cost (return goods at the original received value). For returns of
subcontracted material, you can specify whether the return should update
the appropriate work order operation queues.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD
Service/Support
Management for
details.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
¶ See “Purchase
Order Returns” in
the Shipping
chapter of User
Guide: QAD
Sales.
Many countries require that formal shipping documents accompany any
movement of goods, even when goods are merely transferred, not sold.
You can record shipping information and generate shipping documents
for issue transactions in Purchase Order Returns.
Deleting Expired Orders
Deleting expired blanket orders, purchase orders, supplier schedules, and
receivers helps conserve database space. Use the following programs:
• Closed PO Receipt Delete/Archive (5.22)
• Closed PO Delete/Archive (5.23)
• Schedule Delete/Archive (5.5.3.23)
• PO Shipper Delete/Archive (5.5.5.23)
Calculating Purchase Price Variances
Two types of variances can be calculated when purchasing materials:
• Purchase price variance
• Accounts payable variance
Purchase price variance is the difference between the purchase order cost
and the GL cost and is calculated when purchase orders are received.
Accounts payable variance is the difference between the invoice price and
the purchase order cost and is calculated when the supplier invoice is
matched with the supplier invoice in accounts payable. When a supplier
invoice is confirmed, rate variances update inventory cost. In a multiple
database environment, costs are updated in both the inventory and
purchasing databases.
Note A third type of variance is caused by exchange rate fluctuations
between the time a foreign currency order is received and when the
purchase receipt is matched with the supplier invoice.
Purchasing
101
Subcontract Purchasing
Instead of materials, suppliers sometimes provide services for completing
manufacturing operations. Companies subcontract operations when there
is insufficient manufacturing capacity or when operations require
specialized equipment.
Like inventory items, subcontract services are set up in Item Master
Maintenance (1.4.1). However, they are received to work orders rather
than to inventory. As a result, MRP does not consider them a source of
supply since these quantities are already included in the work order.
During order entry, the system prompts you to enter the work order
number, work order ID, and operation for the subcontract item. This
information is needed by the receiving process.
Subcontract purchase orders can be used with the Work Orders module, or
with Repetitive and Advanced Repetitive functions. Advanced Repetitive
subcontracting supports additional features of subcontract shipping. For
example, when receiving subcontracted items, you can connect
subcontract shippers to the receipt for more subcontract visibility.
To receive against a subcontract shipper, set Manual Shipper Update to
Yes in Subcontract Shipping Control (18.22.5.24). When you set this field
to Yes, the Subcontract Shippers frame displays in Purchase Order
Receipts (5.13.1), PO Shipper Maintenance (5.5.5.5 or 5.13.14), and
Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7).
When you connect a subcontract shipper ID to purchase order lines you
are receiving against, you can also:
• Place the items into finished goods automatically if the subcontract
operation is the last operation and the items are lot- or serialcontrolled.
Note If WIP item components are lot/serial controlled, you must use
the Advanced Repetitive Move Transaction (18.22.19) to record the
WIP item placement into inventory. If only the WIP item is lot/serial
controlled, then the placement into inventory occurs during receipt.
• Optionally scrap unreturned subcontracted items.
• Optionally close the subcontract shipper.
¶ See the Advanced
Repetitive
information in
User Guide:
QAD
Manufacturing,
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
A number of accounting and cost issues in subcontract purchasing
influence use and implementation of other modules.
The following sections discuss subcontracting with work orders.
Subcontract Pricing
In Items/Sites, supplier items should be set up with quote prices and quote
quantities so that the unit cost on subcontract purchase orders defaults
correctly. The order of precedence for determining the correct price is as
follows:
• Price list
• Quote
• GL cost
Inventory and Cost Control
There are several ways of tracking components provided by you or the
subcontractor. When components are supplied in kits for individual work
orders, they should be handled as regular work order components.
¶ See Chapter 4,
“Supplier
Consignment
Inventory,” on
page 109.
Sometimes a manufacturer provides components to the supplier, who
stores these as consignment inventory until used. In this case, set up a
separate inventory site and location for supplier inventory since the
supplier site is functioning as an extension of your company’s inventory.
A supplier may provide components that are added during subcontract
operations. Since there is no requirement to track supplier inventory, the
cost of the components is usually included in the subcontract purchase
cost. Normally, the components are not planned by MRP, and do not
appear on work order picklists. To have them appear on product
structures, you must exclude them from MRP and work order picklists.
Also, the component costs must not be included in cost rollups for the
parent product. One way to ensure this is to assign a structure code of D
(document) to the components.
Purchasing
Subcontract Lead Time
Use Routing Maintenance (14.13.1) to enter subcontract lead time. A
subcontract lead time applies to an entire lot, not to individual units. The
lead time for a work order operation is the same whether the quantity
ordered is 1 or 10,000.
Routings and Work Centers
Consider setting up separate departments (and possibly work centers) for
outside processing to distinguish them from internal operations. Define
departments and work centers for individual suppliers if more than one
supplier can perform a particular operation.
Example Have all subcontract work center codes begin with the letter S
to easily identify them on reports such as the Work Order Dispatch Report
(16.18).
Triggering Purchase Orders
If work order operations are used with work orders, determine when to
release purchase orders for subcontract operations with Work Order
Dispatch Report. This report lists upcoming operations by work center,
then by item.
Specifying Subcontract Suppliers for a Routing
Typically, you select subcontractors to process items based upon agreed
processes. You can associate a subcontract service with the subcontracted
items and the supplying subcontractor.
Use Subcontract Routing/Op PO Maint (5.11) to specify subcontract
suppliers for a specific routing and operation. You can specify multiple
suppliers for a single routing and operation.
When you specify a subcontract supplier for a routing operation, the
system connects purchase orders to a routing and operation via the
supplier. If you use the Advanced Repetitive module, the system updates
the subcontract purchase orders with a cumulative ID or work order ID
when an Advanced Repetitive transaction occurs that creates a cumulative
ID. Additionally, in Advanced Repetitive programs, the system:
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
• Populates subcontract order-processing fields and browses with
subcontractor default data.
• Accumulates subcontract data for reports.
Companies that use scheduled orders for subcontract work can use
Subcontract Order MRP % Maintenance (5.5.1.21) to specify a purchase
order and line for a subcontract routing and operation.
Specify the ship-to site, item number, effective date, routing, and
operation in the header. This key information uniquely identifies a
subcontract operation. Specify the supplier and the purchase order and
line in the Purchase Orders frame. If you enter both the purchase order
and line, the system adds the supplier.
Fig. 3.11
Subcontract
Routing/Op PO
Maintenance (5.11)
Supplier Capacity
The Resource Planning and Capacity Requirements Planning (CRP)
modules can be used to evaluate supplier capacity. Resource planning is
set up and implemented in the same way as the planning of internal
resources. However, there are special requirements for CRP:
• Set up one work center for each supplier.
• Give each work center its own shop calendar.
• Set up subcontract operations with queue, setup, run, wait, and move
times.
Material Requirements Planning
Open purchase order lines for subcontract items are not recognized as
supply records by MRP. Supply for subcontract assemblies is represented
by their corresponding work orders.
Purchasing
Work Order and Routing Comments
To display work order and routing comments for subcontract orders on
printed purchase orders, set Print WO Comment to Yes in Print Purchase
Order (5.10). Any relevant comments are printed below each subcontract
line item.
Subcontract Work Flow
If all of the modules are used, the subcontract cycle includes the
following steps:
1
Work Order Maintenance (16.1) or Planned Work Order Approval
(23.10)
2
Work Order Component Check (16.5)
3
Work Order Release/Print (16.6)
4
Work Order Component Issue (16.10)
5
Work Order Dispatch Report (16.18)
6
Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7)
7
Subcontract Routing/Op PO Maint (5.11) or Subcontract Order
MRP% Maintenance (5.5.1.21)
8
Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
9
Shop Floor Control labor feedback functions
10 Work Order Receipt (16.11)
11 Work Order Accounting Close (16.21)
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Special Purchasing Topics
This section discusses issues related to purchasing in a multiple database
environment, processing memo items, and special purchase needs.
Multisite Purchasing
Often in multisite companies, inventory items are purchased from one site
only, although each site buys its own non-inventory items, such as
supplies, floor stock, and expensed items. Purchasing initiated from
multiple sites or databases is supported.
Example Site Singapore creates a requisition for an item, specifying that
the item be bought by Site Chicago because of price considerations.
Because Singapore specifies Chicago in the PO Site field of Purchase
Requisition Maintenance (5.1.4), Chicago sees the requisition when
reviewing its requisition reports. Chicago creates a purchase order, taking
information from the requisition and specifying that the item be delivered
to Singapore. Receiver and supplier invoice information is processed at
Chicago. MRP information is processed at Singapore.
When generating reports in a multi-database environment, if the current
database is not the originating database for a particular PO, that PO does
not appear on the PO reports (by order, by supplier, commitment, or
supply schedule). This happens even if line items on the PO are received
into sites at the current database. To see these POs, switch to the
originating database, which also contains the supplier address table.
Purchasing Memo Items
¶ See “Type” on
page 79 for
details.
Memo purchases are for items not in the item master, such as office
supplies and equipment. Memo items do not update inventory. Rather,
they are expensed or capitalized upon receipt, depending on the purchases
account for the line item. Memo items have no effect on MRP.
Note To process an inventory item as a memo item, you can change the
Type field from blank to M in PO Maintenance. However, if you always
want an item defined in Item Master Maintenance to be treated as a memo
item, you can specify the appropriate value in the Memo Order Type field,
which sets the default for purchasing activities.
Purchasing
Even if an item is not defined as a memo item, it may be preferable in
some cases to process it as a memo purchase. Such cases might include
procurement of as-needed production materials and inventory items for
non-production departments. Production materials, such as adhesives and
solvents, are used as needed, and it is often impractical to maintain
inventory balances and to process transactions for such materials.
Inventory items are items ordered for a non-production department, such
as engineering or marketing. If these are handled as memo purchases,
they can be charged to these departments upon receipt. Another way of
transferring materials to non-production departments is by unplanned
inventory issues.
Purchasing Miscellaneous Items
Purchases for items not directly related to manufacturing or inventory and
not delivered to a receiving department, such as airline tickets or seminar
fees, are sometimes easier to handle with external purchase orders—that
is, purchase orders outside the system. This is because when invoices are
matched in Accounts Payable, the system lets you verify a purchase by
matching an order, a receiver, and an invoice. Items that have not been
delivered to a receiving department have no associated receivers. To have
each purchase accounted for in a purchase order, use manual purchase
orders for items not delivered to a receiving department.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Chapter 4
Supplier Consignment
Inventory
The Supplier Consignment Inventory module lets you plan, order,
receive, stock, track, and report supplier-consigned inventory using an
automated system that reconciles inventories between suppliers and
customers. Receiver matching and accounts payable (AP) transactions
are deferred until the inventory is used. Customer use includes transfer,
shipping, manufacturing, or distribution to its own customers.
This chapter describes how to set up and manage consigned inventory.
It also gives an overview of the reporting tools available for reviewing
and tracking consignment activity.
Overview of Supplier Consignment Inventory
Planning and Setup
116
Managing Consigned Inventory
124
Reporting Consignment Inventory Data
144
110
110
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Overview of Supplier Consignment
Inventory
The Supplier Consignment Inventory module lets you plan, order,
receive, stock, track, and report supplier-consigned material while at the
same time deferring receiver matching and accounts payable (AP)
transactions. A company using consigned inventory pays for only what
they use, not for what they receive.
The module extends the purchase order process by providing new
transactions to receive material and identify it as consigned. These
transactions also delay the standard AP process until material is
consumed but allow the consigned items to be visible for planning. When
items are consumed, such as in a manufacturing process, the receiver
becomes available for receiver matching.
When consumption is reported back to the supplier, the supplier can
transfer liability for the material in their system and issue an invoice if
self-billing is not being used.
Using consigned inventory alleviates the need for the supplier to buy back
the excess sent to the customer or remaining at the end of the consignment
period. Because the supplier still owns the inventory, any excess is simply
returned.
Using key features of Supplier Consignment Inventory, you can:
• Create PO consigned inventory and inventory offset accounts at the
domain level, for product lines, or for combinations of sites and
product lines.
• Delay the transfer of ownership of consigned inventory by deferring
AP transactions until you use the inventory.
• Determine at the domain level whether consigned inventory should
be consumed first or only after non-consigned inventory is exhausted.
• Set up consignment defaults for the majority of your purchase orders
and supplier scheduled orders and tailor defaults for individual
supplier addresses and items.
• Create supplier invoices for payment of shipping charges
immediately, while delaying receiver matching for material until it is
actually used.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
111
• Indicate for selected sites and locations that inventory transfers
should initiate a change in ownership.
• Determine the tax point for consigned inventory based on settings in
the associated tax rate. The tax point can be either at receiver
matching or consumption.
• Create a purchase order or scheduled order with both non-consigned
and consigned items.
• Manually adjust consigned inventory if needed.
• Include or exclude consigned inventory during physical inventory or
cycle count.
• Export EDI transmissions to inform suppliers of item usage, or create
records to send manually.
• Retain visibility of consigned inventory information including its
location, status, age, and order details.
• Manage and update aging dates.
• Generate reports and inquiries that sort and display details according
to your needs:
• Identify unconsumed inventory that exceeds its maximum aging
date.
• Compare inventory received with inventory consumed.
Supplier Consignment Programs
Table 4.1 lists programs included in Supplier Consignment Inventory.
Table 4.1
Menu Number Description
5.18
Program Name
Supplier Consignment Inventory...
5.18.1
Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance
pocnvdmt.p
5.18.2
Supplier/Item Controls Browse
pobr014.p
5.18.6
Consignment Inventory Report
ppptrp10.p
5.18.7
Consignment Inventory By Order
pocnrp01.p
5.18.8
Consignment Usage Report
pocnrp02.p
5.18.9
Consignment Usage Summary Report
pocnrp03.p
5.18.10
Consignment Usage Export Report
pocnrp04.p
5.18.13
Aging Inventory Update
pocnaimt.p
Supplier
Consignment
Inventory Programs
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Menu Number Description
Program Name
5.18.14
Aging Inventory Batch Update
pocnaiup.p
5.18.15
Aging Inventory Report by Order
pocnairp.p
5.18.16
Aging Inventory Report by Part
pocnair1.p
5.18.24
Supplier Consignment Control
pocnspm.p
5.18.25.1
Consignment Inventory Adjustment
pocnadj.p
36.9.4
Supplier Consignment Accounting Control
fipocnsp.p
Supplier Consignment Inventory Business Workflow
Figure 2.1 shows the complete consignment inventory workflow
beginning with the contract and ending with accounts payable.
Fig. 4.1
Consignment
Inventory Business
Flow
1
Stockroom
Contract
Supplier
Receiving
2
Consigned Inventory
Inventory
6a
Inventory
Pay to
$
3
Check
5
Transfer
Supplier Invoice
Picking
Shipping
4
6b
Manufacturing
Invoices
Accounts Payable
Consumption
Log
Distribution
Optional
EDI Transmission
Supplier Consignment Inventory
113
Creating a Purchase Order
A contract is created between a customer and a supplier that dictates the
items to be sold on consignment (step 1 in Figure 4.1). The contract is
either a standard purchase order, a blanket purchase order, or a scheduled
purchase order. It includes clauses on deferring liability. The contract may
also include a maximum number of aging days that a customer is
permitted to hold items without liability of payment. This ensures that
inventory will be consumed in a timely manner.
Receiving Inventory
As consigned inventory arrives, it is handled by the standard receiving
process (step 2 in Figure 4.1). The inventory is immediately nettable to
MRP and available for allocation according to the inventory status of the
stock location.
Cumulative receipt quantities are automatically updated for scheduled
purchase orders. Because the consigned inventory is not yet available for
receiver matching, any supplier invoice process selecting open receipts
bypasses receipts of consigned inventory until it is consumed.
Only shipping-related charges (trailer and freight) can be matched with
the supplier invoice at the time of receipt.
Consuming the Inventory
The consigned inventory is eventually consumed by the customer (step 3
in Figure 4.1). Consumption occurs in the following ways:
• Issues to a manufacturing order such as a work order, repetitive order,
or flow schedule
• Unplanned issues
• Issues to a configured item final assembly order
• Transfers to another location within a site
• Shipment of consigned parts (sales order shipments or shipper
confirm)
• Manual consumption of aged inventory
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Consumption activity is logged (step 4 in Figure 4.1) for audit purposes
and for batch processing. When reported to the supplier (step 5 in
Figure 4.1), it triggers the transfer of liability. Consumption can be
reported manually or using EDI eCommerce.
Once the inventory is consumed, the receiver is available for receiver
matching, but only for the amount consumed. This can be a partial
amount and may not always be the total amount on the receiver. The
system tracks how much of the receiver is available for receiver
matching. A cumulative quantity is kept to track the total material
consumed on the contract.
Paying for the Inventory
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Financials
A for details on
AP processing.
Supplier Invoices are created either manually using functions in Accounts
Payable (AP) or automatically by Evaluated Receipts Settlement (ERS).
Both distinguish between receipt of consigned inventory that has been
consumed and receipt of consigned inventory that has not been
consumed; for example, when only a portion of an order has been
consumed.
Because receiver matching follows standard processing, it is not
discussed in this chapter.
Using Supplier Consignment Inventory with EMT
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Sales for
information on
EMT.
Enterprise Material Transfer (EMT) lets you translate sales orders into
purchase orders automatically and transmit those purchase orders to
secondary business units (SBU) electronically using EDI eCommerce. By
definition, the system creates all lines of EMT purchase orders as nonconsigned. You cannot change the consignment setting on these systemmaintained orders.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Consignment Process Summary
Figure 2.2 shows the sequence in which the Supplier Consignment
Inventory module processes data.
Fig. 4.2
Unconsume
Order
Orderinventory.
inventory.
PO Return
PO Return
Receive
Receiveinventory.
inventory.
Negative (-)
PO Receipts
PO Shipper Receipts
Negative (-)
PO Receipts
PO Receipts
PO Shipper Receipts
PO Shipper Receipts
Process
Processconsigned
consignedinventory
inventory
and
andpending
pendingconsumption.
consumption.
Consume
Process
Processsupplier
supplierinvoice.
invoice.
Pay
Payinvoice.
invoice.
= Consigned
Inventory
Consignment
Overview
115
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Planning and Setup
Before using the Supplier Consignment Inventory module, you must set
up different kinds of data:
• Base data standard to the system such as items, addresses, and general
ledger (GL) accounts. These activities are not discussed in this
chapter.
• Base data specific to the Supplier Consignment Inventory module.
• Supplier consignment control settings that determine defaults and
processing options.
Figure 2.3 illustrates the typical workflow for setting up Supplier
Consignment Inventory.
Fig. 4.3
Supplier
Consignment Setup
Flow
Activate Supplier
Consignment Inventory and
configure control settings.
Update
Updatetax
taxrates.
rates.
Set up consignment accounts.
Update settings for sites
and locations.
Set
Setup
upproduct
productline
lineand
and
purchasing
purchasingdetail
detailaccounts.
accounts.
Create control records for
specific supplier/item
combinations.
Update Control Settings
Use two programs to define domain-level controls, as well as to establish
default values for managing consignment functions:
• In Supplier Consignment Control (5.18.24), activate the Supplier
Consignment Inventory module and define other operational control
values.
• In Supplier Consignment Accounting Control (36.9.4), specify
operational settings that have an impact on financial activities, such
as the PO cost point.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
117
All values default to Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance (5.18.1) where
you can modify them for specific combinations of suppliers and items.
Fig. 4.4
Supplier
Consignment
Control (5.18.24)
Using Consignment Inventory. This is the single place where you can
activate the Supplier Consignment Inventory module. The default is
No.
No: Enter No to display standard purchase order programs. The
system bypasses all consignment screens.
Yes: The Supplier Consignment Inventory module is active. You can
use Supplier Consignment Inventory programs.
Once you have activated the module, created consigned items, or
performed transactions, entering No to deactivate the module displays
a warning message. Unless all consigned items are consumed, the
system warns you that non-invoiced consigned items exist and
prompts you to confirm your action.
Consignment Orders. Specify the default value for the Consignment
Orders field in the header of new purchase orders, scheduled orders,
and blanket purchase orders:
No: Enter No if most of your inventory transactions are for
non-consigned items.
Yes: The Consignment Orders field on the header of new orders is
Yes.
In either case, you can combine lines for both consigned and nonconsigned inventory on one order.
Note The value defined here is used on new orders only if the
system does not find a more specific match in Supplier/Item Controls
Maintenance.
Maximum Aging Days. Enter the maximum number of days
consigned inventory is allowed to reside at your facility.
¶ See “Managing
Aged Inventory”
on page 139.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
The default value is 0 (zero), which indicates no scheduled aging
deadline exists.
Use Consigned First. When a location contains both consigned and
non-consigned inventory, this field determines which inventory is
processed first:
No: Use non-consigned inventory first.
Yes: Use consigned inventory first.
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data for details.
Default: Let the system select inventory based on the picking logic
specified in Inventory Control.
Fig. 4.5
Supplier
Consignment
Accounting Control
(36.9.4)
Transfer Ownership. Specify Issue/Backflush. Transfer of ownership
(consumption) is allowed only at the time items are issued or
backflushed. No other value is currently supported.
PO Cost Point. Specify which purchase order cost you want the
system to use to calculate the purchase price variance. This is the cost
at which the usage is paid/invoiced.
Usage: Use purchase order cost at time of usage.
Receipt: Use purchase order cost at time of physical receipt.
The value in this field defaults to Supplier/Item Controls
Maintenance. When no record for a supplier exists, the field defaults
to PO Maintenance (5.7).
Create Supplier/Item Control Records
Use Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance (5.18.1) to define specific
default values for suppliers or for combinations of suppliers and items.
The values entered here override the settings in Supplier Consignment
Control or Supplier Consignment Accounting Control only for the
specified supplier. When new orders are created for a specific supplier,
Supplier Consignment Inventory
the system looks for the most specific record first to determine the
defaults to use. Orders previously entered into the system remain
unchanged.
Fig. 4.6
Supplier/Item
Controls
Maintenance
(5.18.1)
The settings in this program apply either to the supplier alone or to the
supplier/item number combination specified in the header frame. Only the
supplier is required.
Supplier. Enter a valid, active supplier code to identify this control
record. This code represents the company that supplies consigned
items.
This is a required field. Associated control values apply to this
supplier only.
Item Number. Optionally enter an item number to use as part of the
unique identifier for this control record. This item number represents
the consigned item being received into inventory.
When you enter an item number, this control record applies to
purchase order lines for this item only.
Items must be previously defined in Item Master Maintenance (1.4.1).
Leave this value blank to indicate that this control record applies to
all items from this supplier without a specific control record.
Note Do not specify a supplier item defined with Supplier Item
Maintenance (1.19) in this field. When you specify a supplier item on
an order line, the system converts it to the internal item before
looking for defaults defined with this program.
PO Cost Point. Specify which purchase order cost you want the
system to use to calculate the purchase price variance. This is the cost
at which the usage is paid/invoiced.
Usage: Use purchase order cost at time of usage.
119
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Receipt: Use purchase order cost at time of physical receipt.
Initially, this field defaults from Supplier Consignment Accounting
Control. The value you specify defaults to Purchase Order
Maintenance. Each item record created for a particular supplier must
have the same PO cost point.
When you try to change the value for a supplier/item combination and
other records for that supplier exist, you are prompted to change the
PO Cost Point value for all instances of that supplier in this program.
Important Responding Yes updates the PO cost point for all records for
the specified supplier including supplier/item combination records. No
returns you to the PO Cost Point field and no updates are made.
Set Up Consignment Accounts
Use three programs to identify accounts for tracking supplier
consignment inventory:
• Domain/Account Control (36.9.24)
• Product Line Maintenance (1.2.1)
• Purchasing Account Maintenance (1.2.5)
Create accounts first in Account Create (25.3.13.1). These accounts must
be of GL type Inventory Control. Use Domain/Account Control to set up
defaults. Codes entered in Domain/Account Control default to Product
Line Maintenance. Product Line Maintenance accounts default to
Purchasing Account Maintenance.
Note One of the Consignment Inventory modules must be activated to
access the Consignment Accounts frame.
Fig. 4.7
Domain/Account
Control (36.9.24)
Supplier
Consignment
Inventory
module fields
PO Consigned Inventory Acct. Enter the GL account, sub-account,
and cost center codes used to track consigned inventory that has been
received into inventory.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
121
PO Consigned Offset Acct. Enter the GL account, sub-account, and
cost center codes used to track deferred payable amounts for
consigned receipts.
The PO Consigned Inventory and PO Consigned Offset accounts are
updated simultaneously to record consigned activity and do not affect the
balance sheet. Other accounts are not updated until inventory is used.
The remaining account fields in this frame are used by the Customer
Consignment Inventory module.
Set Up Product Line Accounts
¶ Customer
Consignment
Inventory is
described in User
Guide: QAD
Sales.
Use Product Line Maintenance (1.2.1) to tailor consignment accounts for
items that belong to a particular product line. If you do not define specific
product line accounts, the system uses the default GL accounts from
Domain/Account Control.
Fig. 4.8
Consignment
Accounts in
Product Line
Maintenance
(1.2.1)
Optionally use Purchasing Account Maintenance (1.2.5) to further define
GL accounts designated for consignment. By setting up accounts for
combinations of product line, site, and supplier type, you can separately
track accounts for multiple sites and types of suppliers.
Set Up Purchasing Detail Accounts
Purchasing detail accounts default from Product Line Maintenance.
Often, these are used to associate cost centers with different sites and
supplier locations.
122
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 4.9
Consignment
Accounts in
Purchasing
Account
Maintenance
(1.2.5)
Update Tax Rates
When the Supplier Consignment Inventory module is active, you have an
additional option for determining when the system creates GL
transactions for tax amounts on consigned purchases. The tax point is
determined by settings defined for the tax rate in effect in Tax Rate
Maintenance (29.4.1).
Fig. 4.10
Setting Tax Accrual
in Tax Rate
Maintenance
(29.4.1)
Taxes accrue
when
inventory is
used.
The Accrue Tax at Receipt setting normally determines the tax point for
purchased items. This field is ignored when using this module.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
For consigned items, the Accrue Tax at Usage setting lets you accrue
taxes when consigned items are used. Items can be used in a variety of
ways, including:
• Issue to a work order, distribution order, sales order, repetitive order,
123
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
or configured item final assembly work order
• Unplanned issue
• Transfer to another location or site
When Accrue Tax at Usage is No, the system creates tax transactions for
consigned items at receiver matching.
Update Settings for Sites and Locations
When the Supplier Consignment Inventory module is active, you can use
the Transfer Ownership field to indicate how consigned inventory should
be managed when it is transferred to a specific site.
Fig. 4.11
Transferring
Ownership in Site
Maintenance
(1.1.13)
Ownership
is
transferred
for locations
in this site.
The value you specify for a site determines the default value for new
locations created in the site. This default applies both to locations created
in Location Maintenance (1.1.18) and any locations created by the system
when Automatic Locations is Yes. You can modify the default in Location
Maintenance as needed.
The same field exists in Location Maintenance. At the location level, this
field has the following effect:
No: Inventory received into the location retains its consigned status.
124
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
Yes: Receiving inventory into the location initiates a transfer of
ownership (usage). To track the ownership change, RCT-PO and
CN-ISS transactions occur in addition to the inventory transfer and
receipt. The supplier can now invoice you for the inventory, and GL
accounts are updated.
When the Supplier Consignment Inventory module is not active, the
Transfer Ownership field is disabled.
Transfer of ownership occurs automatically when consigned inventory is
issued to work orders, sales orders, or final assembly orders and when
unplanned issues occur. Ownership transfer is optional only during
inventory transfers and receipts.
Note Distribution order issues are a type of transfer.
Managing Consigned Inventory
Key management functions of the Supplier Consignment Inventory
module are to:
• Manage inventory quantities.
• Provide inventory valuation and update GL accounts.
• Defer AP transactions until consumption.
When you activate the Supplier Consignment Inventory module and
begin receiving inventory, the system automatically tracks consigned
inventory ownership, quantities, age, use, receiver matching, and
payment.
It does this by first identifying which purchase order lines are
consignment lines. The system then manages the receipt of consignment
line items with special consignment transactions. Information associated
with consigned receipts is maintained in a cross-reference table, in
addition to the standard inventory information.
The inventory references the PO line on the receipt. These inventory
cross-reference records are visible for usage and aging analysis.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
125
Creating Inventory Transaction History
Every inventory transaction creates a record in inventory transaction
history. Each record has a unique, sequential transaction number and a
transaction type. Transactions include the following information:
• Transaction data
• Inventory data
• Cost data
• GL transaction data
• User ID of the person entering the transaction
Supplier Consignment Inventory Transaction Types
The transaction type code identifies the function used to initiate the
inventory change. Table 4.2 lists the supplier consignment transaction
type codes included in inventory history records with a brief description
of each type and some of the programs that create the transactions. Any
other programs that create similar transactions (ISS-SO, ISS-WO,
RCT-TR, ISS-UNP) for consigned inventory would also create the
special consigned transactions.
Table 4.2
Transaction Type
CN-RCT
CN-ADJ, RCT-PO
Menu
Number
Program that Creates the
Transaction/Description
5.13.1
5.5.5.11
5.13.20
Purchase Order Receipts
PO Shipper Receipt
5.18.13
Aging Inventory Update
Receives consigned inventory into a location.
Credits PO Consigned Inventory, debits PO
Consigned Offset.
Adjusts balances of consigned inventory. Instead
of extending the aging date of consigned
inventory, enter Yes in the Use field to indicate
consumption. Initiates receipt transactions.
CN-ADJ
5.18.25.21 Consignment Inventory Adjustment
Adjusts locations, quantities, and other details of
consigned inventory. Debits or credits PO
Consigned Inventory account and credits or debits
PO Consigned Offset account.
Consignment
Transaction Types
126
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Transaction Type
ISS-TR, RCT-TR
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
Menu
Number
Program that Creates the
Transaction/Description
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
10.5.13
11.1.1.13
11.11.6
18.3.6
18.22.3.6
18.22.5.11
19.7
19.11
Transfer Single Item
Transfer Multiple Item (positive quantities only)
Transfer with Lot/Serial Change
Batchload Transfer with Lot/Serial Change
Project Activity Recording
Call Activity Recording
Material Order Shipments
Repetitive Picklist Transfer
Sub-Shipper Issue
Quality Order Maintenance
Quality Order Results Entry
Moves inventory from one location to another.
Note: Consignment transactions occur only when
Transfer Ownership is Yes for the receiving
location.
ISS-DO, ISS-GIT
RCT-DO, CN-ISS
12.15.20
12.17.21
12.17.22
Distributed Order Receipt
Distribution Order Processing
Distribution Order Shipments
Note: Consignment transactions occur only when
Transfer Ownership is Yes for the receiving
location.
ISS-WO,
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
3.12
16.10
16.12
16.19
17.13.7
17.6.5
18.14
18.17
18.22.13
18.22.17
Receipts–Backward Exploded
Work Order Component Issue
Work Order Receipt Backflush
Work Order Operation Backflush
Flow Schedule Receipts
Kanban Fill/Receive
Repetitive Labor Transaction (manual backflush)
Receipts–Backward Exploded (manual backflush)
Backflush Transaction
Rework Transaction (manual backflush)
CYC-CNT,
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
3.13.2
Cycle Count Results Entry
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Transaction Type
ISS-SO,
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
Menu
Number
Program that Creates the
Transaction/Description
7.9.5
7.9.7
7.9.15
7.9.21
7.13.1
7.25.3
11.7.1.16
Pre-Shipper/Shipper Confirm
Pre-Shipper/Shipper Auto Confirm
Sales Order Shipments
Shipper Unconfirm
Pending Invoice Maintenance
SO Batch Shipment Processor
RMA Shipments
When using Supplier Consignment as Customer
Consignment:
7.18.13
7.18.14
7.18.15
7.18.19
7.18.22
Inventory Usage Create
Authorization Usage Create
Sequenced Usage Create
Shipper Usage Create
Usage Create Undo
ISS-FAS,
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
8.13
Sales Order Release to Work Order
ISS-UNP,
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
3.7
19.7
19.11
Issues–Unplanned
Quality Order Maintenance
Quality Order Results Entry
CN-ISS
All
Credits PO Consigned Offset, debits PO
Consigned Inventory
Reviewing Transaction History
Use Transactions Detail Inquiry (3.21.1) to display detailed inventory
transaction history records sorted by transaction number. Enter the
transaction number to display all the information about that transaction.
When consigned inventory is used, multiple inventory transactions are
processed and corresponding transaction history records created. For the
consigned transaction, the system records the number of the standard
transaction initiating it in the Remarks field.
The transactions for purchasing, receiving, and using consigned inventory
are shown sequentially in the following figures.
127
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Figure 4.12 shows a purchase order (P1136) for 100 consigned items.
Fig. 4.12
Purchasing
Consigned
Inventory
Figure 4.13 shows the transaction created when 10 of those items are
received into the consignment location, which generates a CN-RCT
transaction type. The Remarks field identifies this as a consignment
transaction.
Fig. 4.13
Receiving
Consigned
Inventory
(CN-RCT)
Transaction is
Consigned.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
129
Figure 4.14 represents the usage of consigned inventory from the
consigned location using an unplanned issue. The ISS-UNP transaction
balances against the CN-RCT transaction to credit the consignment GL
accounts that were debited at CN-RCT.
Fig. 4.14
Issuing Consigned
Inventory
(ISS-UNP)
The unplanned issue creates two additional transactions: RCT-PO and
CN-ISS. When consigned inventory is used/consumed, it changes
ownership and becomes non-consigned. Figure 4.15 shows transaction
type RCT-PO that was generated from the usage in Figure 4.14. The
RCT-PO balances the ISS-UNP. The Remarks field references the
transaction number.
Fig. 4.15
Receiving Regular
Inventory
(RCT-PO)
References the
ISS-UNP
transaction that
generated this
RCT-PO
transaction.
130
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Figure 4.16 shows the CN-ISS transaction created during a usage. The
RCT-PO transaction generates a CN-ISS transaction, which represents the
change in inventory status from consigned to non-consigned. This
balances the original CN-RCT transaction.
Fig. 4.16
Transaction History
for Issuing
Consigned
Inventory (CN-ISS)
References the
ISS-UNP
transaction that
generated the
CN-ISS
transaction.
Ordering Consigned Inventory
When the Supplier Consignment Inventory module is active, additional
frames and fields display for user input during order entry in:
• Blanket Order Maintenance (5.3.1)
• Supplier Scheduled Order Maintenance (5.5.1.13)
• Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7)
In all three programs, the system uses a hierarchical approach to retrieve
previously entered default data that applies to specific suppliers and
items.
• When entering a new order, the system uses default values for the
supplier defined in Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance. If a record
does not exist for the supplier and a blank item, the system uses
defaults defined in Supplier Consignment Control or Supplier
Consignment Accounting Control.
• At the purchase order line, the system first uses defaults defined in
Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance for the order supplier and line
item. If a record does not exist, values default from the order header.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
131
Purchase Order Maintenance
Specify Yes in the Consign field in the purchase order header to indicate
that the order includes consigned items.
Note Scheduled orders and blanket orders are processed the same way
using similar fields and frames. They are not illustrated here.
Fig. 4.17
Consign Field in
Purchase Order
Maintenance (5.7)
Set Consign
field to Yes for
consigned
orders.
Consign. Enter Yes if most items on this purchase order are received
from the supplier as consigned inventory.
Enter No if most items purchased from this supplier are nonconsigned.
When you specify Yes in the header Consign field, a Supplier
Consignment frame displays, illustrated in Figure 4.18. Scheduled orders
and blanket orders are processed the same way using similar fields and
frames.
132
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 4.18
Consignment
Frame in Purchase
Order Maintenance
(5.7)
Maximum Aging Days. Optionally enter the maximum number of
days consigned inventory on this order is allowed to reside at your
facility. Enter 0 (zero) to indicate that no scheduled aging deadline
exists.
The system automatically adds the number of days entered here to the
receipt date to determine the maximum aging date. The calculated
date is used by reports to determine how long inventory has been at
your facility.
You can extend the maximum aging date as many times as required
using Aging Inventory Update (5.18.13) or Aging Inventory Batch
Update (5.18.14). An extension automatically updates each receipt.
PO Cost Point. Specify which purchase order cost you want the
system to use to calculate the purchase price variance.
Usage: Use purchase order cost at time of usage.
Receipt: Use purchase order cost at time of physical receipt.
The value defaults from Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance or
Supplier Consignment Accounting Control. Once a consigned receipt
is processed, this field cannot be updated.
When Usage is specified on scheduled purchase orders, the system
looks for the current price in the following order:
Supplier Consignment Inventory
133
• Price list associated with the scheduled order
• Supplier/item price
• Cost of the purchase order
When Usage is specified on discrete purchase orders, the system
always uses the cost on the purchase order.
Regardless of what you enter on the header, you are prompted during lineitem entry to specify whether the particular line is consigned. If you
specify Yes, you can also specify the maximum aging date for the line.
Figure 4.19 illustrates the Consignment field for a PO line.
Fig. 4.19
Consignment Line
Item Frame in
Purchase Order
Maintenance
Receiving Consigned Inventory
You can receive items purchased on consignment using either:
• Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
• PO Shipper Receipts (5.13.20)
Instead of a standard RCT-PO, which makes the purchase order available
for receiver matching, a CN-RCT transaction records the receipt of
consigned inventory. The RCT-PO occurs when items are used, causing
transfer of ownership from the supplier and making the items available
for receiver matching.
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
134
User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Receiving consigned items creates the following GL transactions:
• Debits the PO Consigned Inventory account defined in Purchasing
Account Maintenance for the product line, site, and supplier type, if
available. Otherwise, the account from Product Line Maintenance is
used.
• Credits the PO Consigned Offset account defined in Purchasing
Account Maintenance for the product line, site, and supplier type if
available. Otherwise, the account from Product Line Maintenance is
used.
Using Supplier Consigned Inventory
The system records the receipt of consigned inventory with a CN-RCT
transaction instead of a standard RCT-PO. The RCT-PO occurs when
items are used, causing transfer of ownership from the supplier and
making the items available for receiver matching.
Inventory can be consumed at various points in the manufacturing
process, initiating the transfer of ownership. Some examples include the
following:
• Issue to a manufacturing order, such as a work order, repetitive order,
flow schedule, or final assembly work order.
• Issue to a sales order.
• Backflush in a manufacturing process.
• Manually use in a consignment aging program.
• Transfer to a location that is defined as initiating an ownership
transfer, either an inventory transfer or issue to a distribution order.
¶ See “Update
Settings for Sites
and Locations”
on page 123.
For inventory transfers (ISS-TR) and issues to distribution orders
(ISS-DO), transfer of ownership depends on the value of the Transfer
Ownership field associated with the receiving location. When this is Yes,
usage transactions occur.
Other types of issues always transfer ownership. These include ISS-SO,
ISS-WO, ISS-FAS, ISS-UNP.
¶ See “Use
Consigned First”
on page 118.
The value of Use Consigned First in Supplier Consignment Control
determines how the system processes inventory when consigned and nonconsigned items are located together.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
GL Effects of Usage
Issuing items with an ownership transfer updates the following
consignment accounts:
• Credits the PO Consigned Inventory account defined in Purchasing
Account Maintenance for the product line, site, and supplier type
• Debits the PO Consigned Offset account defined in Purchasing
Account Maintenance for the product line, site, and supplier type
In addition, transactions are created for all of the accounts normally
updated during a PO receipt.
Once a usage transaction (RCT-PO, CN-ISS) occurs, the quantity
associated with the receiver is available to be matched with the supplier
invoice. Receiver matching of receipts for consigned items occurs in the
same way as standard items. Re-averaging of costs takes place when
consigned inventory is consumed.
Average costing occurs upon transfer of ownership or at usage of
supplier-consigned inventory. Re-averaging of the item cost for nonconsigned on-hand inventory is initiated at the time of receipt.
Notifying Suppliers of Usage
You can use two methods to notify your suppliers that you have used
consigned inventory:
• Generate a report to send to them.
• Use EDI eCommerce to export usage data.
Generating a Usage Export Report
Use Consignment Usage Export Report (5.18.10) to notify your supplier
about consigned items you have used. This is useful if you are not using
EDI eCommerce transmissions to communicate usage records.
When run in update mode, the system marks selected records as having
been reported. These records are not included the next time the report is
run.
Use Consignment Usage Report to see all inventory that has been used
regardless of whether it has been reported to the supplier.
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Exporting EDI Files
¶ See User Guide:
QAD EDI
eCommerce.
Use Consignment Usage Export (35.4.2) to notify your trading partners,
defined in EDI eCommerce, of inventory transactions (RCT-PO, CN-ISS)
initiating a transfer of ownership.
Enter ranges of selection criteria for purchase order, item number,
supplier, site, and transaction usage dates that apply to the records you
want to export. When your supplier imports this information, they can
then invoice you for the items used.
Using Supplier Consignment and Customer Consignment
If you have both consignment modules active, you can ship items
received from a supplier on consignment to one of your customers to be
kept on consignment at the customer facility. This type of consignment
activity is called a pass through.
Example Your company manufactures printers and ships to large
distributors. You receive ink cartridges from one of your suppliers on
consignment. When you ship printers to your distributors, you send ink
cartridge kits with them on consignment.
¶ See “Shipping
Consigned
Inventory” in the
Customer
Consignment
Inventory chapter
of User Guide:
QAD Sales.
In this kind of business scenario, the receiver matching of the items
received from your supplier is delayed until your customer uses the items
and you receive the usage information from them. To manage this delay,
shipping the items does not create an ISS-SO transaction, but a CN-SHIP.
When your customer uses the item, the CN-USE transaction triggers the
RCT-PO and CN-ISS on the supplier consignment side.
Using Supplier Consignment with Kanban
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Lean
Manufacturing.
When you use Kanban Fill/Receive (17.6.5) to receive and transfer
kanban-controlled items, three types of kanban transactions can occur:
purchase receipt, item movement, and production receipt.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Inventory balances are updated depending on the setting of Impact
Inventory in Kanban Master Maintenance (17.1.1). When Impact
Inventory is Yes for a kanban card and the items involved are consigned,
additional consignment transactions also occur.
• Executing a purchase receipt transaction records a CN-RCT instead
of the standard PO-RCT.
• Executing an item movement transaction creates PO-RCT, CN-ISS
transactions if the receiving location is set up for ownership transfer.
• Executing a production receipt transaction creates PO-RCT, CN-ISS
transactions as well as the WO-ISS transaction.
Making Inventory Adjustments
Consignment Inventory Adjustment
Use Consignment Inventory Adjustment (5.18.25.21) to manually modify
consigned inventory information such as quantities and locations.
Fig. 4.20
Consignment
Inventory
Adjustment
(5.18.25.21)
Purchase order and line number are required. The system validates that
the items on the order line were consigned. A warning displays if there
are no consigned items in the location specified.
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¶ See “Tracking
Consigned
Inventory During
Inventory
Counts” on
page 142.
You might use this program after doing a physical inventory to indicate
that surplus items are consigned.
Adjustment generates records of type CN-ADJ to record consignment
adjustment.
A negative quantity adjustment:
• Credits the PO Consigned Inventory account
• Debits the PO Consigned Offset account
A positive quantity adjustment:
• Debits the PO Consigned Inventory account
• Credits the PO Consigned Offset account
Important Consignment Inventory Adjustment is designed only to
update the consignment quantity. It does not adjust any other elements of
the regular consignment business cycle. Before using it, be aware that:
• This function does not make any changes to the quantity on hand.
This can lead to possible discrepancies between inventory valuation
reports and the inventory GL balance. You should make appropriate
adjustments to quantity-on-hand balances, as needed.
• Pending supplier invoices are not updated based on this adjustment.
Changes to the amount due the supplier must be made manually.
Processing Returns, Rejects, and Corrections
Rejects and Returns
If no usage has occurred against the PO, consigned inventory being
rejected is returned to the supplier using:
• Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7)
• Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
• PO Shipper Receipt (5.13.20) with a negative line item quantity
No transfer of ownership occurs during inventory returns to the supplier
because the supplier already owns the material.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
Corrections and Returns
When Use Consigned First is Yes in Supplier Consignment Control,
consigned inventory being returned as a correction is returned to
consignment by processing a reversal for a negative quantity using
standard programs. The system returns inventory to its consigned site and
location to the extent that it has not been reported to the supplier as used.
When Use Consigned First is No or Default, consigned inventory is
returned as non-consigned.
If usage against the PO has been reported to the supplier, consigned
inventory being returned as a correction is returned to the designated site
and location as non-consigned.
The system excludes reported usage records for reversals, thus
eliminating the risk of double payment for consigned inventory when
original usage was reported and paid prior to a reversal transaction. Usage
records created due to the aging of consigned inventory are also excluded
from reversal transactions.
In addition to a standard issue transaction for the negative quantity,
negative quantities processed as consigned reversals create RCT-PO and
CN-ISS transactions. The quantity is transferred back to consigned
inventory.
When reversals of consigned inventory occur, the system creates a GL
transaction that debits the Consigned Inventory account and credits the
Consigned Inventory Offset account.
The system automatically adjusts the existing unpaid pending supplier
invoice that was created when the material was first consumed.
Managing Aged Inventory
In the Supplier Consignment Inventory module, you can track inventory
by receipt date or by how long it has been in a consignment location. By
assigning maximum aging days to the purchase order line, you can:
• Identify inventory on a particular purchase order receipt that exceeds
the maximum aging date without being consumed.
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• Extend the aging date by number of days or date on items received on
individual or multiple purchase orders.
• Transfer ownership of the consigned inventory from a supplier to
yourself.
When you have not consumed or returned consigned inventory by the
maximum aging date, ownership can be transferred to you. The transfer of
ownership does not occur automatically, however, allowing you and your
supplier to negotiate a compromise.
Note The aging date is separate from the expiration date.
To determine the date that maximum aging occurs, the system uses the
following calculation:
receipt date + maximum aging days = maximum aging date
• Receipt date is the date recorded in Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
or PO Shipper Receipt (5.13.20).
• Maximum aging days is taken from the consignment purchase order
line data in Purchase Order Maintenance (5.7) or Supplier Scheduled
Order Maintenance (5.5.1.13).
The calculated maximum aging date for each shipment is shown in
various aging reports.
Identifying Aged Inventory
Use Aging Inventory Report by Order (5.18.15) to determine how long
unused inventory has been consigned for ranges of PO or scheduled order
numbers. You can make daily, weekly, or monthly determinations for six
periods, such as six calendar weeks.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
141
Fig. 4.21
Aging Inventory
Report by Order
(5.18.15)
Use Aging Inventory Report by Part (5.18.16) to identify consigned
inventory by item number.
Extending the Aging Date
Use Aging Inventory Update (5.18.13) to extend the allowed time of
consignment by setting a new aging date or adding days to the existing
date. You can extend the maximum aging date as many times as required.
An extension automatically updates each purchase order receipt.
Enter selection criteria in the first frame. The system displays matching
order lines in the Cross Reference Details frame. Select a record for
update and modify it as required in the Max Age Date frame.
Fig. 4.22
Aging Inventory
Update (5.18.13),
Cross Reference
Details and Max
Age Date Frames
Values default from receipt data. You can update the following fields in
the Max Age Date frame:
Use. Enter Yes to designate this inventory as used. Entering Yes
generates transaction history records of type CN-ADJ to record the
transfer of consigned inventory and RCT-PO to record receipt from
the supplier.
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
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New Date. Enter the new maximum age date you want to assign to
this inventory, unless you enter the number of calendar days you want
to add to the age date.
Days. If New Date is blank, enter the number of calendar days you
want to add to the maximum age date. The system automatically
calculates the new date.
Use Aging Inventory Batch Update (5.18.14) to revise aging dates for
items received on multiple purchase orders. When you extend the aging
date, the system automatically updates the age date on each PO receipt.
Tracking Consigned Inventory During Inventory Counts
¶ See User Guide:
QAD Master
Data for cycle
and physical
count procedures.
During cycle count and physical inventory count processes, you must
determine procedures for managing consigned inventory. Typically, you
include supplier consigned inventory during a count because it is
physically present at your site.
Various cycle count and physical inventory programs let you manage
supplier consigned inventory according to your needs. You can count:
• Only consigned inventory
• Only non-consigned inventory
• Both consigned and non-consigned inventory
For example, you can use consignment fields in Cycle Count Worksheet
Print (3.13.1) to select inventory to count.
Fig. 4.23
Tracking
Consigned
Inventory Using
Cycle Count
Worksheet Print
(3.13.1)
Worksheet
includes
supplier
consigned
inventory.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
143
Similarly, when you use Item Tag Create (3.16.1), you can choose to
update tags for only consigned, only non-consigned, or both types of
inventory.
Fig. 4.24
Tracking
Consigned
Inventory Using
Item Tag Create
(3.16.1)
Tags
include
supplier
consigned
inventory.
When you exclude consigned inventory, any inventory adjustments affect
non-consigned inventory only. If you choose to include consigned
inventory or do a count of consigned inventory only, the system uses
special transactions when adjusting inventory downward.
These transactions occur in Cycle Count Results Entry (3.13.2) and
Inventory Balance Update (3.16.21).
When consigned and non-consigned supplier inventory are combined in a
location, the system checks the value of Use Consigned First in Supplier
Consignment Control to determine how to manage adjustments.
Downward adjustments to supplier consigned inventory create the
standard CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT transaction, followed by RCT-PO and
CN-ISS transactions to track the inventory changes and transfer
ownership of material.
The various possibilities are shown in Table 4.3.
Table 4.3
Option Entered
Results
Action
Transactions
Shortage
Shortage is reduction
of consigned
inventory.
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
Surplus
Surplus is nonconsigned.
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
Only consigned
Balancing
Consigned
Inventory After
Cycle or Physical
Counts
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Option Entered
Results
Action
Shortage
Depends on value of If Yes:
Use Consigned First CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
in Supplier
RCT-PO, CN-ISS
Consignment Control
If No:
Include consigned
and non-consigned
Transactions
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
Surplus
Surplus is nonconsigned.
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
Shortage
Shortage is reduction
of non-consigned.
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
Surplus
Surplus is nonconsigned.
CYC-CNT or TAG-CNT
Exclude consigned
¶ See “Using
Supplier
Consigned
Inventory” on
page 134.
Use Consignment Inventory Adjustment (5.18.25.21) to associate the
surplus (non-consigned) inventory to a consignment order, if needed.
Reporting Consignment Inventory Data
The system automatically collects consigned inventory data during
transactions. The Supplier Consignment Inventory module provides
several reports for collecting, locating, tracking, and reviewing consigned
inventory. These reports are designed to clearly show data for consigned
and consumed inventory.
A number of reports let you evaluate accounts and track inventory
movement from its initial receipt to ownership transfer or consumption.
Table 4.4 shows reporting tools available in Supplier Consignment
Inventory and a brief explanation of the data that each provides.
Consigned inventory data is also shown in many standard inventory
reports and inquiries. For a list of these reports, see the Customer
Consignment Inventory chapter in User Guide: QAD Sales.
Supplier Consignment Inventory
145
Table 4.4
Menu
Report
Function/Purpose
5.18.2
Supplier/Item Controls Browse
Displays data defined for consigned
inventory items and suppliers.
5.18.6
Consignment Inventory Report
Displays consigned inventory items of
a product line by selected criteria
including site, location, lot/serial
number, ABC class, grade, assay %,
status, expiration date, and other
details.
5.18.7
Consignment Inventory by Order Displays selected consigned inventory
receipts sorted by PO. Displays with
or without quantities and is sorted by:
(1) Site, customer, supplier, item, PO,
(2) Item, site, supplier, PO, or
(3) PO, item.
5.18.8
Consignment Usage Report
Displays detailed inventory usage by
selected criteria including PO, item,
supplier, site, and usage date. Is sorted
by:
(1) Site, supplier, item, PO,
(2) Item, site, supplier, PO, or
(3) PO, item.
5.18.9
Consignment Usage Summary
Report
Displays inventory usage by selected
criteria including PO, item, supplier,
site, and date. Is sorted by:
(1) Site, supplier, item, PO,
(2) Item, site, supplier, PO, or
(3) PO, item.
5.18.10
Consignment Usage Export
Report
Displays inventory usage with the
option to mark usage records as
reported.
5.18.15
Aging Inventory Report by Order Displays inventory quantities and
aging dates by purchase order.
5.18.16
Aging Inventory by Part
Displays inventory quantities and
aging dates by item number.
Reports and
Inquiries in the
Supplier
Consignment
Inventory Module
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Chapter 5
Supplier Performance
This chapter introduces the functions and features of the Supplier
Performance module.
Overview of Supplier Performance
Setting Up Supplier Performance
Collecting Performance Data
Reporting and Managing Data
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Overview of Supplier Performance
The Supplier Performance module enables manufacturers to monitor the
performance of their internal and external suppliers. Depending on your
manufacturing environment, you can customize the way your system
collects performance data as well as how you report performance metrics.
You can create your own data collection points or use the ones predefined
in the system.
This module provides flexible automatic and manual data collection. You
can optionally record any nonroutine events or modify or add to any
existing event with the maintenance functions. Finally, you can tailor
performance reports—both internal and external—to meet your needs.
Features
Flexible Registration
With the Supplier Performance module, you can enable or disable data
collection for any registration. A registration in Supplier Performance is
the record used to specify the supplier, site, item, corporate commodity
code, date, or combination of these for which performance data is
collected.
You can explicitly define when, where, and for what registration you want
data to be collected. You can further define the data you want to collect by
specifying a date or date range when the data collection should occur or
be disabled.
Flexible Event/Category Definitions
This module gives you broad control of the performance activities you
want to count, where you want to count them, and for which registration
you want to collect data. You can use system events as measurements, or
you can define the specific nonsystem events to be counted. Supplier
Performance automatically collects data during the following
transactions:
• Schedule Update from MRP (5.5.3.1)
• Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
Supplier Performance
• PO Shipper Receipt (5.13.20)
• RTS Receipts (11.7.3.13)
• Distributed Order Receipt (12.15.20)
• Document Import (35.1)
Using category and event definitions, tell the system what data you want
reported, and how you want that data to be reported. Although the system
has predefined categories and events, you must create corresponding
category and event definitions. Your category and event definitions tell
the system how much each system category and event is worth, whether
to report data for that event or category, and how to report that data.
Use Performance Category Maintenance (5.15.1) and Performance Event
Maintenance (5.15.5) to create category and event definitions for each
system category and event. Use System Category/Event Maint (5.15.22)
to link system categories and events with the category and event
definitions you create.
When you create category and event definitions, you can specify if you
want optional data collection to occur during the following system
transactions:
• Inventory Transfers
• Transfer–Single Item (3.4.1)
• Transfer–Multi Item (3.4.2)
• Transfer with Lot/Serial Change (3.4.3)
• Batchload Transfer with Lot/Serial Change (3.4.4)
• Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7)
• RTS Shipments (11.7.3.16)
Figure 5.1 shows some events you can track. You can create nonsystem
event definitions that you can manually enter into the system. For
example, you can define events to track supplier performance by:
• Freight type or cost
• Product quality
• Service quality
• On-time scheduled-order delivery
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Fig. 5.1
Sample Supplier
Performance Data
Collection Points
Manufacturer
Supplier
AS N
11 12 1
2
10
9
3
8
4
7 6 5
Shipping
Receiving
Freight
Quality
Assurance
Internal
Review
Warehouse
X8=
Manufacturing
Inventory
E-mail Performance report
Multiple Rating Systems
¶ See “Using the
Computational
Methods” on
page 161 for
more details.
Supplier Performance offers three performance calculation and rating
methods.
Discrete method. Counts points associated with each performance
event; for example, 100 points earned for 100 on-time deliveries.
Proportional method. Assigns a percentage rating based on the actual
number of satisfactory events completed divided by the total possible
number of events.
Parts-per method. Similar to the proportional method, but uses a
large factoring number to assign a rating.
You are not limited to using only one method in your system. Apply any
method to each of the registrations you are tracking.
Supplier Performance
Supplier Performance Workflow
Figure 5.2 shows a typical Supplier Performance workflow.
Fig. 5.2
Supplier
Performance
Workflow
Activate
ActivateSupplier
Supplier
Performance.
Performance.
Process
Processshipments
shipmentsfor
for
automatic
automaticdata
datacollection.
collection.
Define
Definecategories
categoriesand
andevents.
events.
Relate
Relatesystem
systemcategories
categoriestoto
user-defined
user-definedcategories.
categories.
Relate
Relatesystem
systemevents
eventstoto
user-defined
user-definedevents.
events.
Create
Createregistrations.
registrations.
Enter
Enterdata
datafor
foruser-assisted
user-assisted
collection.
collection.
Manually
Manuallycreate
createperformance
performance
events
eventswhen
whenneeded.
needed.
Generate
Generateinternal
internaland
andexternal
external
reports
reportsand
anddelete/archive
delete/archive
obsolete
data.
obsolete data.
Supplier Performance Programs
The Supplier Performance module uses the programs listed in Table 5.1.
Table 5.1
Menu Number Description
Program Name
5.15.1
Performance Category Maintenance
povecmt.p
5.15.2
Performance Category Inquiry
poveciq.p
5.15.3
Supplier/Category Maintenance
povescmt.p
5.15.4
Supplier/Category Inquiry
povesciq.p
5.15.5
Performance Event Maintenance
poveemt.p
5.15.6
Performance Event Inquiry
poveeiq.p
5.15.7
Performance Weight Factor Maint
povewmt.p
5.15.8
Performance Weight Factor Inquiry
povewiq.p
5.15.10
Registration Maintenance
povesimt.p
5.15.11
Registration Report
povesirp.p
Supplier
Performance
Programs
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Menu Number Description
Program Name
5.15.13
Performance Data Maintenance
povepmt.p
5.15.14
Performance Data Report
povedrp.p
5.15.15
Performance Report Card
povedrp2.p
5.15.17
Missed Shipment Event Generator
povemsrq.p
5.15.19
Summary Data Extract
povesmex.p
5.15.20
Summary Data Report
povesmrp.p
5.15.22
System Category/Event Maint
poveecmt.p
5.15.23
Delete/Archive Menu ...
5.15.23.1
Performance Data Delete/Archive
poveup.p
5.15.23.2
Summary Data Delete/Archive
povesup.p
5.15.23.3
Supplier Cross-Reference Maint
povexmt.p
5.15.23.4
Supplier Cross-Reference Report
povexrp.p
5.15.24
Supplier Performance Control
povepm.p
Supplier Performance Program Types
The Supplier Performance module consists of four program types:
• Setup programs
• Registration programs
• Data collection and maintenance programs
• Reports and inquiries
Each step of the supplier performance process is detailed in the following
sections.
Supplier Performance
Setting Up Supplier Performance
This section details the steps you must take when setting up your Supplier
Performance system.
Planning a Supplier Performance System
Before you begin the supplier performance setup, you should first plan
your system. Basic information you should decide and plan before setting
up a supplier performance system includes:
• The categories and events to monitor
• The impact or value of events
• The suppliers, items, sites, and/or commodity codes to monitor
• The impact or value of events for specific registrations
For example, does registration A in another country receive the same
late penalties as registration B, located across town?
• The computational system to use for each category
• Which suppliers should receive e-mail performance reports
Configuring Control Program Settings
To set up the supplier performance system, you must first activate it and
define default information in Supplier Performance Control (5.15.24).
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Fig. 5.3
Supplier
Performance
Control (5.15.24)
Use the following field descriptions to guide you through the control
program setup.
Use Supplier Performance. Enter Yes or No (the default) to indicate
whether Supplier Performance is enabled.
When disabled, information related to supplier performance is not
captured by the system. This field overrides all other Supplier
Performance fields.
Acceptable Days Early. Enter the acceptable number of days a
shipment can be early without generating an early shipment event.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance (5.15.10).
Acceptable Days Late. Enter the acceptable number of days a
shipment can be late without generating a late shipment event.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Use Shipment Percent. Specify whether the system should evaluate
the incoming receipts against a user-specified value.
No: Evaluation does not occur. The values in the corresponding
Acceptable Over Shipment and Acceptable Under Shipment fields are
not used.
Supplier Performance
Yes: The system evaluates whether incoming receipts are over or
under a user-specified percentage value. The evaluation is based on a
comparison of quantity received to quantity expected.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Over Shipment. When Use Shipment Percent is Yes, enter
the maximum percentage by which an incoming shipment can be over
the expected quantity without generating an overshipment event.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Under Shipment. When Use Shipment Percent is Yes,
enter the maximum percentage by which an incoming shipment can
be under the expected quantity without generating an undershipment
event.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Use Shipment Quantity. Specify whether to use the shipment quantity
to calculate supplier performance.
No: Evaluation does not occur. The values in the corresponding
Acceptable Over Shipment and Acceptable Under Shipment fields are
not used.
Yes: The system evaluates whether incoming receipts are over or
under the user-specified quantity.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Over Shipment. When Use Shipment Quantity is Yes,
enter the maximum quantity by which an incoming shipment can be
over the expected quantity without generating an overshipment event.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Under Shipment. When Use Shipment Quantity is Yes,
enter the maximum quantity by which an incoming shipment can be
under the expected quantity without generating an undershipment
event.
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This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Use Shipment Percent Cost. Specify whether the system should
evaluate the incoming receipts based on the percentage of item cost.
No: Evaluation does not occur. The value in the corresponding
Acceptable Over Shipment field is not used.
Yes: The system evaluates whether incoming receipts are over or
under the specified percentage value. The evaluation is based on a
comparison of quantity received to quantity expected.
Example An item might cost $1,000 each, and you receive 12
instead of 10. The overshipment based on quantity might not generate
a supplier performance event, but if the percent of cost is 10%, then
an overshipment is recorded.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Over Shipment. When Use Shipment Percent Cost is Yes,
enter the maximum cost by which an incoming shipment can be over
the expected cost based on a percentage.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Use Shipment Quantity Cost. Specify whether to use the total value
of the shipment quantity to calculate supplier performance.
No: Evaluation does not occur. The value in the corresponding
Acceptable Over Shipment field is not used.
Yes: The system evaluates whether incoming receipts are over a
specified cost based on quantity. The evaluation is based on a
comparison of the cost of the quantity received and the cost of the
quantity expected.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Acceptable Over Shipment. When Use Shipment Quantity Cost is
Yes, enter the maximum cost by which an incoming shipment can be
over the expected cost based on quantity.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Supplier Performance
Default Points. Enter the default point value to use when creating
events in Performance Event Maintenance (5.15.5).
This value sets the default for the Points field in Performance Event
Maintenance.
Parts-Per Counter. Enter the parts-per calculation method:
Quantity: The parts-per calculation is based on the total quantity
ordered.
Events: The calculation is based on the number of events a receipt has
generated.
This value sets the default for the same field in Performance Category
Maintenance (5.15.1).
Parts-Per Factor. Enter the factor used to calculate supplier
performance rank when the parts-per rating method is used. The
default is 1,000,000.
This value sets the default for the same field in Performance Category
Maintenance.
Missed Shipment As Of Date. This field displays the date entered for
the same field in the Missed Shipment Event Generator (5.15.17)
when that program was last executed. This is the beginning date the
system uses when searching for missed shipments. This field is for
reference only and is not editable.
Last Missed Shipment Run. This field displays the last date the
Missed Shipment Event Generator was run. This field is for reference
only and is set by the system each time Missed Shipment Event
Generator is run.
Include Purchase Orders. Enter Yes or No to specify whether the
Missed Shipment Event Generator should consider purchase orders.
This value sets the default for the same field in Missed Shipment
Event Generator.
Include DRP Orders. Enter Yes or No to specify whether the Missed
Shipment Event Generator should consider distribution orders. This
value sets the default for the same field in Missed Shipment Event
Generator.
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Include Scheduled Orders. Enter Yes or No to specify whether the
Missed Shipment Event Generator should consider scheduled orders.
This value sets the default for the same field in Missed Shipment
Event Generator.
Net Same Day Receipts. Specify whether multiple same-day receipts
should be netted as one receipt when calculating the supplier’s overall
report card score.
Note This setting applies only to over- or under-quantity
performance events. It has no effect on events related to early or late
receipt dates.
No (the default): Supplier Performance considers each individual
receipt that does not equal the open quantity to be an under- or
overshipment, and generates the related performance event.
Yes: Total receipts for the day are compared against what is expected.
If the supplier delivers the expected quantity during the day, no events
are generated. Otherwise, the system generates a single under- or
overshipment event for the day, as appropriate.
Enable Inv Transfer. Enter Yes or No (the default) to specify whether
the system should prompt the user for supplier performance data
during inventory transfers.
Yes: A supplier performance data pop-up appears in the inventory
transfer programs when transferring material from the inspection
location.
Transfer programs are:
• Transfer–Single Item (3.4.1)
• Transfer–Multi Item (3.4.2)
• Transfer with Lot/Serial Change (3.4.3)
• Batchload Transfer with Lot/Serial Change (3.4.4)
Enable PO Return. Enter Yes or No (the default) to specify whether
the system should prompt the user for supplier performance data
during purchase order returns.
Yes: A supplier performance data pop-up appears in Purchase Order
Returns (5.13.7) and RTS Shipments (11.7.3.16).
Supplier Performance
159
Maximum ASN Lead-Time. Enter the maximum lead time for advance
ship notices (ASN).You must use the standard hour and minute time
format (HH:MM).
This field determines the amount of time allowed between the time a
shipment leaves the supplier’s dock and the time the ASN for that
shipment is created and sent to the customer. This field also controls
the RTS pop-up.
Example The maximum ASN lead time is 00:20. If a shipment
leaves the supplier’s dock at 9:00 AM, the supplier must create and
send the ASN for that shipment before 9:20. If the supplier sends the
ASN after 9:20, the lead time has been exceeded and a late-ASN
event is recorded.
This value sets the default for the same field in Registration
Maintenance.
Defining Supplier Interval Ratings
Use the Supplier Interval Ratings frame to create a reference table that
appears on the supplier’s performance report card. The table shows
performance levels and is used as a guide for interpreting supplier ratings.
¶ See “Reporting
and Managing
Data” on
page 174.
Fig. 5.4
Supplier
Performance
Control, Supplier
Interval Ratings
Frame
To set up the interval ratings table, enter the interval titles with their
corresponding maximum score. The system generates the appropriate
minimum score numbers for each level and displays the results in
descending order.
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Defining Performance Categories
The next step in setting up Supplier Performance is to define categories in
Performance Category Maintenance (5.15.1). Supplier performance uses
four predefined system categories to capture and associate event data.
• ASN Information
• PO Receipts
• DO Receipts
• RTS Receipts
You must create category definitions to use the data captured by system
categories. The system uses the details from the category definitions you
create to sort, calculate, and report on data captured by the corresponding
system categories.
Fig. 5.5
Performance
Category
Maintenance
(5.15.1)
Aspects of the category you can customize include:
• Naming the category
You can use the predefined system category names or create names to
fit your environment.
• Activating or deactivating categories
You can have multiple categories in your system but use only a subset
of these. If you want to stop using a category without deleting it from
your system, deactivate it in the Use Category field. If you want to
stop reporting for a category without stopping data collection, use
Supplier/Category Maintenance (5.15.3).
Supplier Performance
161
• Defining point values
Use Maximum Points to indicate the maximum allowable points for
the category. Use Threshold Points to define the minimum number of
points a supplier can have in the category before that supplier is
considered deficient.
• Defining computational methods
Use Computational Method to indicate how performance points are
calculated for the category.
• Setting lookup table ranges when applicable
Use Performance Category Inquiry (5.15.2) to view the categories you
create using Performance Category Maintenance.
Using the Computational Methods
Categories are scored using one of three computational methods, each
with its own attributes and purpose.
Discrete method. This method involves adding or deducting points
from a category’s starting value or maximum points. The Discrete
Type field determines if the event adds to or deducts from the
supplier’s score. This method is commonly used with subjective
categories, but can be used by all categories.
Proportion method. This method distributes the total points based on
a number of occurrences captured. It takes into account the number of
occurrences captured and the number of events captured. This
supports manufacturers who, for example, determine that the number
of deliveries should be factored into the rating on delivery.
Parts-per method. This method uses a factoring value (typically 1
million) to extrapolate the points awarded and produces a result that
helps differentiate suppliers having almost perfect scores. The partsper method includes a lookup table. The table contains the range of
values for lookup and an associated percentage of category points.
¶ See
“Understanding
the Lookup
Table” on
page 162.
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Understanding the Lookup Table
When you are using the parts-per computational method you can create a
reference lookup table. Set Use Lookup Table to Yes to create and use a
lookup table for a supplier. The values you set up in this table are used by
the Performance Report Card (5.15.15) to calculate the supplier’s score
percentage.
Fig. 5.6
Performance
Category
Maintenance,
Lookup Table
Ranges Frame
Many manufacturing companies set specific performance guidelines for
their suppliers. The lookup table is used when these guidelines indicate a
parts per number.
One example of the lookup table’s use is:
• A company requires a supplier to have no more that 50 defective parts
per million.
• For that company, the category Quality is worth 50 points on the
report card.
• To manually calculate the parts per number, you take the actual
number of defective parts and the total number of parts and put them
into terms of the Part-per value (in this case a million) using the
following formula:
[part per number= (defective parts/total parts ordered) * 1,000,000]
With 100,000 parts ordered and 34 defective, the supplier’s part per
number is 340, calculated as:
[parts per=(34/100,00)*1,000,000]
Supplier Performance
163
This part per number (340) still needs to be related to the points the
supplier should receive for the category. This is the purpose of the lookup
table.
In Figure 5.6, the 340 part per number fits into the interval of 251–500, so
the Quality category would receive 97% of 50 points, or 48.5 points.
Defining Performance Events
After setting up category definitions, create event definitions in
Performance Event Maintenance (5.15.5). Events are actions—positive or
negative—that the system records and uses as supplier performance data.
Examples of events are on-time delivery, quality of items, undershipment,
or overshipment.
Event points are used by the discrete computational method only. The
proportional and parts-per computational methods use ratios to rate
suppliers based on activity.
As events occur, points are awarded to the supplier. These events are
termed system events because the system can automatically recognize and
count them. You must create event definitions to use the data captured by
the system events. The details from the event definitions you create are
used to sort, calculate, and report on data captured by the corresponding
system events.
Fig. 5.7
Performance Event
Maintenance
(5.15.5)
You define the points corresponding to the events during setup. Once your
system is active, it automatically recognizes the event, and the event
definition indicates how to award point values. This reduces the amount
of manual data entry needed during the normal business flow.
Events of a subjective nature are termed subjective events, since it takes a
user decision to determine the event. These user-interpreted events are
captured manually using the various Supplier Performance pop-up
windows or using Performance Data Maintenance (5.15.13).
¶ See “Creating
Category and
Event
Relationships” on
page 164.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
System events are negative events such as late shipment, overshipment, or
duplicate ASNs. Subjective events can be positive, such as good phone
support or sharing research costs. They can also be negative, such as
wrong labeling or excess freight charges.
You can update the definition of both system and subjective events at any
time. Changes take effect immediately.
Use Performance Event Inquiry (5.15.6) to view the event definitions you
create using this program.
Creating Category and Event Relationships
After defining categories and events, use System Category/Event Maint
(5.15.22) to relate system categories and events with the category and
event definitions you created in Performance Event Maintenance and
Performance Category Maintenance.
As automatic data collection takes place, these category and event code
cross-references are used to relate the system activities to the supplier
report card using your category and event definitions. The category and
event definition codes tell the system where to place the data.
Fig. 5.8
System
Category/Event
Maint (5.15.22)
In some situations, not all system categories and events are used; leave
these references blank. Entries in all fields are optional. When you leave a
field blank, the automatic data collection process does not create events
for that system category or event. If you modify a field and remove the
value, the system stops collecting data for these categories and or events.
Supplier Performance
Defining Weight Factors
After relating categories and events, define weight factors for your system
using Performance Weight Factor Maint (5.15.7).
Weight factors are multipliers used to affect the value of an event by
compounding its severity. Weight factors are only applied to discrete
categories. The weight factors you create should reflect the type of
impacts you want to have on your suppliers’ ratings. Some examples of
weight factors you can apply to the quality of a commodity delivered to
you are normal, excellent, and poor.
Weights are typically used for negative events to indicate the level of
disruption to a normal routine. You predefine weight factors in order to
provide consistency in their use. Applying a weight to an event is a
manual task and is done in Performance Data Maintenance (5.15.13). The
system is designed to allow weights to be applied to events at any point
after the events have been recorded.
Fig. 5.9
Performance
Weight Factor
Maintenance
(5.15.7)
Weight factors are optional measurements, but can be an important part of
the performance measurement system. The weight factors you create will
vary depending on your manufacturing environment.
Example A supplier provides you with uncommonly poor-quality
goods. The associated Poor Quality event code is worth 1 point. However,
you apply the Extremely Poor weight factor, which has a value of 3.00.
The system calculates the new weighted performance event score as
3 (1 x 3.00). The weighted performance event score displays on the
supplier’s report card.
Use Performance Weight Factor Inquiry (5.15.8) to view the weight
factors created using this program.
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Creating Registrations
The final step in setting up the Supplier Performance system is to register
the suppliers, items, commodity codes, or sites to be monitored. Use
Registration Maintenance (5.15.10) to create registrations that indicate
the items, suppliers, commodity codes, sites, or combination of these to
track and rate. You can also use Registration Maintenance to exclude any
registration from performance tracking by setting Use Supplier
Performance to No.
Fig. 5.10
Registration
Maintenance
(5.15.10)
To create a registration, enter identifying information in the first frame.
You can fill in all of the fields to measure performance for very specific
suppliers that meet the criteria. A very specific registration could be for a
certain item, from a specific supplier, at a specific site.
You can specify only one field to collect data for a broader range. If you
specify a commodity code only, for example, performance data is
collected for both PO and DO suppliers from all sites that supply any item
belonging to the commodity code you specify.
¶ See “Configuring
Control Program
Settings” on
page 153 for
details.
The data in the second frame defaults from Supplier Performance Control
(5.15.24). Modify the default information according to the specific need
of the registration you are creating.
Supplier Performance
167
Use Registration Report (5.15.11) to view all details associated with the
registrations you create in this program.
Collecting Data Without Reporting
Use Supplier/Category Maintenance (5.15.3) to disable the reporting of
data for a particular supplier, site, or any site and supplier combination.
This program can create exceptions to the normal registration. By turning
off a category for a supplier, the category is still registered, but the
information gathered is not used in the score calculation. In effect, you
give the category full points on the supplier's report card.
You can disable category data reporting for a supplier and all the sites it
serves by leaving the Site field blank. You can disable data reporting for a
site regardless of the supplier that serves it by leaving the Supplier field
blank.
Fig. 5.11
Supplier/Category
Maintenance
(5.15.3)
Collecting Performance Data
This section reviews how and where performance data is captured. The
following items are discussed:
• Automatic data collection
• User-assisted data collection
• Manual data collection
• Updating captured data with comments, weights, and other
information
• Finding missed shipments and how they are handled
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Collecting Data Automatically
Performance data can be collected automatically during the following
transactions:
• Schedule Update from MRP (5.5.3.1)
• Purchase Order Receipts (5.13.1)
• PO Shipper Receipt (5.23.20)
• RTS Receipts (11.7.3.13)
• Distributed Order Receipt (12.15.20)
• Document Import (35.1)
Each time a measurable transaction occurs, the system checks for
associated registrations. Once a registration is confirmed, the
performance data is recorded. Figure 5.12 shows the automatic data
collection cycle.
Fig. 5.12
Automatic Data
Collection Cycle
Data Collection
ASN
ASN
PO
POReceipts
Receipts
PO
ShipperReceipts
Receipts
POShipper
EDI
EDIImport
Import
Receipts
Receipts
System Check
Is
Supplier Performance
active?
Check for
registration
Has an
event occurred?
Check category
exclusions
Data Recording
Create
Createperformance
performance
data
data
Create
Createperformance
performance
event
eventdata
data
When receipts and imports are processed for valid registrations, the
system evaluates each receipt and EDI document import to determine if a
performance event should be recorded.
Supplier Performance
169
Table 5.2 shows all the automatically created performance events and
where they are generated. As events are recorded and stored in the your
database, you can run the Performance Report Card (5.15.15) or the
Performance Data Report (5.15.14) to gauge the supplier’s performance
against the system-defined categories used during automatic data capture.
Table 5.2
Captured During
Possible Events
PO Receipts
Early Receipt
Overshipment
Late Receipt
Undershipment
Early Receipt
Overshipment
Late Receipt
Undershipment
Early Receipt
Overshipment
Late Receipt
Undershipment
ASN Import
Late ASN
Duplicate ASN
Schedule Update From MRP
Missed Shipment
DO Receipts
RTS Receipts
Automatic Data
Collection Events
and Where They
Are Captured
Understanding Automatic Data Collection
Several types of events are automatically generated during various
transactions, as shown in Table 5.2 on page 169. These transactions, the
possible events, and how the events are captured are discussed here.
PO, DO, and RTS Receipts
During a PO receipt, DO receipt, or RTS receipt, an early, late,
overshipment, or undershipment event can be automatically generated,
based on the following calculations:
1
The receipt date is compared with the planned receipt date. If the
receipt is early or late, that number of days is compared with the
values specified in Acceptable Days Early or Acceptable Days Late
in the control program. When an acceptable value is exceeded, a late
or early event is automatically created.
2
The receipt quantity is compared with the open quantity. If the receipt
quantity is under or over the open quantity, that quantity is converted
to a percent. The difference and difference percent are compared with
the values in Acceptable Over Shipment (quantity), Acceptable
¶ For field
information, see
“Configuring
Control Program
Settings” on
page 153.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Under Shipment (quantity), Acceptable Over Shipment (percent), and
Acceptable Under Shipment (percent) in the control program. When
one of these values is exceeded, an event is automatically created.
3
The cost of the quantity received is compared with the cost of the
open quantity. If the quantity-received cost is more than the openquantity cost, the cost difference is converted to a percent.The cost
difference and cost difference percent are compared with the values in
Acceptable Over Shipment (cost) and Acceptable Under Shipment
(percentage). When one of these values is exceeded, an event is
automatically created.
Advance Ship Notice
Late ASN events are recorded when the lead time for ASNs specified in
Maximum ASN Lead-Time in Supplier Performance Control is exceeded.
ASN lead time is the amount of time allowed between the time a shipment
leaves the supplier’s dock and the time the ASN for that shipment is
created and sent to the customer. Both of these times are contained within
the EDI transaction.
Schedule Update from MRP
During Schedule Update from MRP only missed shipment events are
generated. If any overdue quantity exists on the prior schedule as a new
schedule release is being generated, that quantity is moved to the
cumulative required portion of the schedules, and is seen as a missed
shipment. A missed shipment event is automatically created. When the
missed shipment arrives it is netted against the schedule and the missed
shipment event is replaced with a late shipment event.
User-Assisted Data Collection
User-assisted data collection can happen in five areas:
• Inventory Transfers (3.4 menu)
• Purchase Order Returns (5.13.7)
• Performance Data Maintenance (5.15.13)
• Missed Shipment Event Generator (5.15.17)
• RTS Shipments (11.7.3.16)
Supplier Performance
171
Purchase Order Returns and RTS Shipments
When material is returned, a pop-up window lets you enter a performance
event. This pop-up appears only if Supplier Performance is activated in
Supplier Performance Control (5.15.24) and Enable PO Returns is Yes.
Note RTS shipments are handled in the same way as PO Returns. The
same control program field controls both the PO Returns and RTS pop-up
windows.
The vendor and order information defaults to the pop-up but cannot be
changed. The Category, Event, Quantity, and Reason fields can be
updated. Recording of the event is optional. The pop-up is intended to
capture information regarding material quality. To continue without
entering an event, click Next.
Fig. 5.13
Supplier
Performance Data
in PO Returns
To correct an incorrectly entered receipt that creates a performance event,
reverse the entire receipt. Reversing the entire receipt also removes all
other performance events associated with that receipt. If you do not
reverse the entire receipt, then you must remove any performance events
manually. To remove a performance event manually, use Performance
Data Maintenance (5.15.13).
Inventory Transfer
The Supplier Performance Data pop-up lets you capture data when using
any of the three inventory transfer programs:
• Transfer–Single Item (3.4.1)
• Transfer–Multi Item (3.4.2)
• Transfer with Lot/Serial Change (3.4.3)
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
¶ See “Configuring
Control Program
Settings” on
page 153.
This pop-up appears only if Supplier Performance is activated in Supplier
Performance Control, Enable Inv Transfer is Yes, and the inventory is
being moved from the inspection location:
• Defined for the site and item in Item-Site Planning Maintenance
• Defined for the site in Site Maintenance (1.1.13)
• Defined in Purchasing Control (5.24)
You can use the pop-up to create a performance event. The pop-up screen
works similarly in the three inventory transactions. Because the inventory
transactions are generic and not PO/DO related, you must enter the
supplier, order, and receiver numbers manually.
Creating and Modifying Performance Data
When performance data is generated for any registration, that data is
saved for future reporting. The data is identified by a system-generated
transaction ID.
Use Performance Data Maintenance (5.15.13) to access, add, and modify
details of the captured performance data. Use this program to manually
create performance data.
Fig. 5.14
Performance Data
Maintenance
(5.15.13)
The system-generated transaction ID identifies specific events associated
with the corresponding registrations and the particular performance
details.You can use this program to search for specific performance
Supplier Performance
173
records. Each time this program is accessed, the first screen appears
without data. Enter the transaction ID, or browse existing IDs using the up
and down arrows. Pertinent performance data is also displayed.
Modify captured performance data by adding performance weight factors
or updating other fields.
1
Identify and select the corresponding transaction ID.
2
Navigate to the fields you need to edit.
3
Enter any new information or comments, or add the appropriate
performance weight factor codes.
You can manually create new performance data—for example, add a note
about performance that is not captured by the system, such as bad
telephone service or lack of professionalism.
1
Leave Transaction ID blank.
2
Enter the new data in the appropriate fields.
3
Save the new record.
A new transaction ID is generated and assigned to the new data.
Missed Shipment Event Generator
Use Missed Shipment Event Generator (5.15.17) prior to generating
performance reports. This program updates performance data with the
most current results. It evaluates open POs, DOs, and scheduled orders,
then creates missed shipment events for any orders not fully reconciled by
the missed shipment as of date indicated.
Indicate the type of orders evaluated by specifying defaults in the control
program or making changes in this program. Missed shipment events are
created for valid registrations only.
Note Missed shipment events do not remain in the system. They are
removed upon receipt of the associated late shipment.
¶ See “Configuring
Control Program
Settings” on
page 153.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 5.15
Missed Shipment
Event Generator
(5.15.17)
Reporting and Managing Data
The output of a successful supplier performance system is a detailed
supplier performance report. This section discusses the reporting, data
consolidation, and delete/archive functions of Supplier Performance.
The performance reports are:
• Performance Category Inquiry (5.15.2)
• Registration Report (5.15.11)
• Performance Data Report (5.15.14)
• Performance Report Card (5.15.15)
• Summary Data Report (5.15.20)
The data consolidation programs and reports are:
• Summary Data Extract (5.15.19)
• Performance Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.1)
• Summary Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.2)
• Supplier Cross-Reference Maint (5.15.23.3)
• Supplier Cross-Reference Report (5.15.23.4)
Supplier Performance
Performance Reports
Table 5.3 summarizes Supplier Performance reports and inquiries.
Table 5.3
Report/Inquiry
Menu No.
Description
Performance
Category Inquiry
5.15.2
Displays the category definition details you create
using Performance Category Maintenance (5.15.1).
When a lookup table has been defined for a category,
its values also display
Performance Event 5.15.6
Inquiry
Displays the event definitions you create using
Performance Event Maintenance (5.15.5). This inquiry
displays the indicated event definition followed by
subsequent definitions that reside on the system.
Registration Report 5.15.11
Displays all details associated with the registrations
you create in Registration Maintenance (5.15.10).
When you enter a value in a selection criteria field, the
report finds and reports the complete details of any
registration that has that value.
Performance Data
Report
5.15.14
Use this report to examine raw performance data, view
data in multiple detail and summary formats, select
data by multiple selection criteria, and view event
comments.
Performance
Report Card
5.15.15
Ideally, this is the report you give to your suppliers to
indicate their performance as measured by your
system. You can automatically e-mail this report to
your suppliers.
This report is a snapshot in time of a supplier’s overall
rating. The program generates supplier ratings by
examining performance data based on selection
criteria you enter. This data is then scored based on
categories, events, and weights.
This report can be produced with various information.
Set Inactive Categories to Yes to include all categories
in the system, even those not currently being used.
You can indicate what other types of items to include,
and the report is printable with three levels of detail.
Each report option displays a new level of information
detail for the report card:
• Category
• Category and Event
• Category, Event, and Detail
Supplier
Performance
Reports
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Report/Inquiry
Menu No.
Description
Summary Data
Report
5.15.20
Displays a supplier’s overall rating for the date range
originally extracted using the Summary Data Extract
(5.15.19). The format is the same as that of the
Performance Report Card (5.15.15). The date range
determines which sets of summary records are
included in the report. Each set of records produces a
separate report card for the date range indicated.
You can run this report with two levels of detail:
• Category only
• Category and event
You can also include or exclude inventory,
subcontract, or memo items from the report.
Supplier CrossReference Report
5.15.23.4
Displays the cross-references created in Supplier
Cross-Reference Maint (5.15.23.3).
Consolidating Data from Multiple Sites
¶ See
“Delete/Archive
Functions” on
page 179.
You can consolidate performance data from multiple sites to one central
database using Archive File Reload (36.16.5) to load files produced by
Performance Data Delete/Archive and Summary Data Delete/Archive.
The data consolidation programs and reports are:
• Summary Data Extract (5.15.19)
• Performance Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.1)
• Summary Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.2)
• Supplier Cross-Reference Maint (5.15.23.3)
• Supplier Cross-Reference Report (5.15.23.4)
Supplier Cross-Reference Maintenance
When you consolidate performance data or summary performance data
from multiple sites to one local database, performance data labeling
variations may occur. Use Supplier Cross-Reference Maint (5.15.23.3) at
each reporting site to help you resolve any supplier name inconsistencies.
In this program, you indicate:
• The supplier source and name you gave the supplier, and
• The supplier source and name that is used at the corporate site
Supplier Performance
177
When data is archived using these cross-references, the archive data is
saved with the correct corporate name, instead of the name used at the
reporting site.
Fig. 5.16
Supplier CrossReference Maint
(5.15.23.3)
Supplier Source. Enter DO or PO to differentiate the type of source
supplier being referenced.
PO: Only valid, active suppliers can be specified in the Supplier field.
DO: Only sites previously defined in Site Maintenance can be
specified in the Supplier field.
Supplier. Enter the supplier name as recognized at the local site.
To Supplier. Enter the corporate name for the local supplier.
When performance data or performance summary data is archived
and Use Cross-Reference is Yes, the local site name is changed to this
corporate site name in the archive file only.
Example Site 2000, 3000, and 4000 all track performance for their
suppliers. ABC Inc. is a supplier for all three sites, but each site identifies
ABC Inc. with a different supplier code (001, 505, and 100).
These three sites must produce monthly supplier performance data for
their corporate headquarters. The corporate headquarters uses the name
ABC Inc. to consolidate the monthly data. To resolve the supplier name
inconsistencies when consolidating data from these sites, each site uses
Supplier Cross-Reference Maintenance to map their supplier names (001,
505, and 100) to the corporate name (ABC Inc.).
When the archive functions are used at site 2000, 3000, and 4000, the
performance data is archived using the defined supplier cross-references.
The archive files with the corporate supplier name are then sent to the
corporate headquarters where they are consolidated into one database
using Archive File Reload (36.16.5).
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Use Supplier Cross-Reference Report (5.15.23.4) to view the crossreferences created in Supplier Cross-Reference Maint.
Fig. 5.17
Cross-Reference
Example
Supplier
Corporate Sites
Sites 2000, 3000, and 4000 must report
performance data for ABC Inc., not for the
supplier code names they have assigned to
ABC Inc.
Site 10000
ABC Inc., known
as Supplier 3000
ABC Inc .
Site 14000
ABC Inc., known
as Supplier 5030
Performance data is archived as
the specified To-Supplier name.
Site 40000
ABC Inc., known
as Supplier 5035
Summary Data Extract
Use the Summary Data Extract (5.15.19) to collapse and compress
supplier performance data for the purpose of historical reporting. A date
range is used for the selection criteria of the extract. The summarized data
retains enough information to match the criteria used in the Performance
Report Card (5.15.15).
Fig. 5.18
Summary Data
Extract (5.15.19)
Summary Data Extract takes the information in your database and, based
on the selection criteria, summarizes and saves the data as a separate
record in the database. After you run this program multiple times, you can
use these individual records for data reports.
Supplier Performance
179
Example If you run this program every month for six months and retain
the information in your system, at the end of the six-month period you can
run the Summary Data Report (5.15.20) to view the six summary reports
you created during the reporting period.
Depending on reporting policies in your environment, you can use the
summarized data as the basis for your long-term reports. When
combining data from multiple reporting sites, use Supplier
Cross-Reference Maint (5.15.23.3) at each site to solve supplier name
inconsistencies between sites.
Delete/Archive Functions
Supplier Performance delete and archive functions are similar to other
delete/archive functions. The archive file produced by the delete/archive
functions is also used for data consolidation from multiple sites.
Performance Data Delete/Archive
Use Performance Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.1) to delete and archive
performance data. You cannot delete performance data in any other
Supplier Performance program. You can also archive performance data
without deleting it from your system.
For data consolidation purposes, the archive file produced can be
reloaded using Archive File Reload (36.16.5). You can also archive
performance data using the corporate standardized supplier names you
defined in Supplier Cross-Reference Maintenance (5.15.23.3).
¶ See “Supplier
Cross-Reference
Maintenance” on
page 176.
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Fig. 5.19
Performance Data
Delete/Archive
(5.15.23.1)
Summary Data Delete/Archive
Use Summary Data Delete/Archive (5.15.23.2) to delete and/or archive
summary performance data created by Summary Data Extract. You can
also archive summary data without deleting it from your system. For data
consolidation purposes, the archive file produced can be reloaded using
Archive File Reload (36.16.5). You can also archive summary data using
the corporate standardized supplier names you defined in Supplier CrossReference Maintenance (5.15.23.3).
Fig. 5.20
Summary Data
Delete/Archive
(5.15.23.2)
Index
Numerics
1.2.5 121
2.3.1 82
5.2.1.1 23
5.2.1.4 25
5.2.1.7 26
5.2.1.13 28
5.2.1.14 30
5.2.1.15 31
5.2.1.16 31
5.2.1.20 27
5.2.1.24 19
5.2.3 32
5.2.13 49
5.2.14 46
5.2.18 55
5.3.1 84
5.3.6 84
5.5.1.21 80
5.5.5.5 101
5.11 80, 103
5.13.1 89, 99, 101, 133
5.13.7 89
5.13.7) 101
5.13.13 88
5.13.14 88, 101
5.13.18 90
5.13.20 88
5.15.1 160
5.15.2 161
5.15.5 163
5.15.6 164
5.15.7 165
5.15.8 165
5.15.10 166
5.15.11 167
5.15.13 172
5.15.17 173
5.15.19 178
5.15.22 164
5.15.23.1 180
5.15.23.2 180
5.15.23.3 176
5.18.1 118
5.18.13 141
5.18.14 142
5.18.15 140
5.18.16 141
5.18.24 116
5.18.25.21 137
5.19 82
5.23 100
5.24 75
15.5.24 154
17.22.19.5 136
18.22.5.24 101
35.4.2 136
36.9.5.3 19
36.9.5.4 116
A
accounts
product line
supplier consignment 121
supplier consignment 120
accounts payable (AP)
purchase variance 100
Accrue Tax at Receipt 122
Accrue Tax at Usage field 123
adjustments
supplier consigned inventory 137
aged inventory
supplier consignment 139
Aging Inventory Batch Update 142
Aging Inventory by Part 145
Aging Inventory Report by Order 140, 145
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Aging Inventory Report by Part 141
Aging Inventory Update 141
approval currency 21
Approval Level Maintenance 23
Approver Maintenance
horizontal 28
job 31
product line 31
vertical 30
approvers for GRS
administrative 30
alternate 30
horizontal 17
job approvers 18
product line 19
types 17
vertical 18
archive/delete
blanket orders 85
closed PO receipts 100
closed purchase orders 100
supplier performance data 179
B
blanket
purchase orders 83
Blanket Order Maintenance 84
Blanket Order Release to PO 84
Build PO from Requisitions 55
build report 60
PO header frame 59
Selection frame 58
Buyer Maintenance 27
buyers
Global Requisition System (GRS) 27
C
capacity requirements planning (CRP)
supplier capacity 104
categories
Global Requisition System (GRS) 24
category
supplier performance 160
Category Maintenance (GRS) 25
Closed PO Delete/Archive 85, 100
Closed PO Receipt Delete/Archive 100
CN-ADJ 125
CN-ISS 126
CN-RCT 125
connecting shippers to received items 101
consignment control settings
supplier 116
Consignment Inventory Adjustment 137
Consignment Inventory by Order 145
Consignment Inventory Report 145
Consignment Orders field
purchase orders 131
Supplier Consignment Control 117
Consignment Usage Export 136
consolidation
supplier performance data 176
containers
purchase order 88
control program
Requisition (GRS) 19
Supplier Performance 153
CRP. See capacity requirements planning (CRP)
currency
approval for requisitions 21
CYC-CNT transaction 143
cycle count
supplier consigned inventory 142
Cycle Count Results Entry 143
Cycle Count Worksheet Print 142
D
delete/archive
blanket orders 85
closed PO receipts 100
closed purchase orders 100
purchase order shippers 89
supplier performance data 179
discount table 73
discount tables
requisitions 38
E
EDI eCommerce
export consignment data 136
effective dates, scheduled orders 88
e-mail
message content for GRS 17
setup for GRS 16, 23
Enterprise Material Transfer (EMT)
supplier consigned inventory 114
events
subjective 163
supplier performance 163
system 163
expired
purchase orders
removing 100
Index
F
fiscal receipts
processing flow 94
G
Generalized Codes Maintenance
buyers 27
Global Requisition System (GRS)
activating 19
building the PO 55–62
creating purchase requisitions 32–48
features 11
overview 9–13
review and approval process 49–54
setting up 14–31
use with Purchase Requisition Maintenance 20
GRS. See Global Requisition System (GRS)
H
Horizontal Approver Maintenance 28
I
inspection location
purchase orders 77
supplier performance 172
inventory adjustments
supplier consigned inventory 137
Inventory Balance Update 143
Item Revision field 43
Item Tag Create 143
item types 79
J
Job Approver Maintenance 31
Job Maintenance 26
K
Kanban Fill/Receive 136
kanban transactions
item movement 137
production receipt 137
purchase receipt 137
L
line item revision level 43
Location Maintenance
transferring ownership 123
Look-Up Table 162
M
material requirements planning (MRP)
approving purchase orders 48
PO subcontract items 104
maximum aging date
calculation (supplier) 140
maximum aging days
purchase order 132
Supplier Consignment Control 117
memo items
purchases 106
Missed Shipment Event Generator 173
multiple sites
purchase orders 106
O
out of tolerance
global requisitions 22
requisitions 61
P
parts per million
formula 162
Perform Weight Factory Inquiry 165
Performance Category Inquiry 161
Performance Category Maintenance 160
Performance Data Delete/Archive 179
Performance Data Maintenance 172
Performance Event Inquiry 164
Performance Event Maintenance 163
Performance Weight Factor Maint 165
physical inventory
supplier consigned inventory 142
planned orders
creating requisitions from 48
Planned Purchase Order Approval
creating requisitions 48
PO Container Maintenance 88
PO Fiscal Receiving 94
header fields 95
line item screen 96
PO Receipt Packing Slip Inquiry 87, 88
PO Shipper Delete/Archive 89, 100
PO Shipper Maintenance 88, 89, 101
PO Shipper Receipt 88, 95
shipment information 86
PO Shipper Receipts 133
PO Shipper/Invoice Maintenance 90
numbering sequence 90
price table
requisitions 38
printing
purchase orders 81
WO comments 105
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
Product Line Approver Maintenance 31
Product Line Maintenance
supplier consignment accounts 121
Purchase Order Cost Update 82
Purchase Order Maintenance 72
adding requisition lines 55
modifying requisition data 60
returns from 99
supplier consignment 131
Purchase Order Print 59
Purchase Order Receipts 85, 89, 99, 101, 133
shipment information 87
Purchase Order Returns 89, 99, 101
purchase orders 72
adding requisition lines to 58
amount prepaid 82
blanket orders 69
cancellation 85
cost update 82
currency 73
deletion 85
discrete 68
FOB point 82
header 73
Inspection Required field 80
line items 75
multi-database operations and 106
order header 72
price lists 76
printing 81
receipts 85
revision level, item 81
ship via 82
supplier item field 78
supplier schedules 69
trailers 81
triggering 103
Type field 79
unit costs 76
Update Average/Last Cost field 81
purchase price variance 100
Purchase Requisition Maintenance 19, 70
use with GRS 20
Purchase Requisition Report 71
purchase requisitions
and GRS 19
purchasing 65–107
blanket orders 83
fiscal receipts 94
memo purchases 106
MRP 104
multisite processing 106
orders headers 72
outside the system 107
overview 66
purchase orders 67
receivers 68
requisitions 67, 70
returns 68
subcontracts 101
supplier invoices 68
supplier schedules 69
Purchasing Account Maintenance 121, 122
Purchasing Control 75
Inspection Location 172
ship-to for requisitions 34
R
receipts 85
receiver matching
supplier consigned inventory 114
registration
supplier performance 148
Registration Maintenance 166
reports
supplier consignment 144
Requisition Accounting Control 19
Requisition Approval Maintenance 49, 71
Requisition Control 19
Requisition Maintenance 32
Requisition Routing Maintenance 46, 54
requisitions 67, 70
canceled 37
final approval 54
line items 39
number 20, 33
planned orders 48
routing 53
trailer frame 46
returns 68
revision level, line item 43
routing
approval for requisitions 46
Routing Maintenance
subcontract lead time 103
S
scheduled orders
purchase orders 69
shippers
purchase order 88
shippers, connecting to items 101
Ship-To/Item Controls Report 145
Site Maintenance
Index
transferring ownership 123
start effective dates, scheduled orders 88
status
requisition 37
subcontract items 80
connecting shippers to received items 101
viewing subcontractors during receipt 89
Subcontract Order MRP % Maint 80
Subcontract Routing/Op PO Maint 103
Subcontract Routing/Op PO Maintenance 80
Subcontract Shippers frame 89, 101
Subcontract Shipping Control 101
subcontract supplier, specifying 103
subcontracts
inventory and cost control 102
lead time 103
pricing 102
print WO comments 105
purchases 101
routings and work centers 103
subjective events 163
Summary Data Delete/Archive 180
Summary Data Report 179
supplier consignment 109–145
adjusting inventory 137
aged inventory 139
managing 124
ordering items 130
overview 110
receiving inventory 133
reports 144
returns 138
setup 116
using inventory 134
work flow 112
Supplier Consignment Accounting Control 116
Supplier Consignment Control 116
Supplier Cross-Reference Maintenance 176
Supplier Cross-Reference Report 178
Supplier Data Maintenance 82
Supplier Item Maintenance 78
Supplier Performance
activating 153
automatic data collection cycle 168
computational methods 161
data consolidation 176
defining performance categories 160
features 148
lookup table 162
manual data capture 170
inventory transfer 171
PO Returns 171
planning 153
rating systems 150
work flow 151
Supplier Performance Control 153
supplier performance data
manually creating 172
supplier schedules
purchasing 69
Supplier/Category Maintenance 167
Supplier/Item Controls Maintenance 118
suppliers
capacity 104
measuring performance 147
Requisition Maintenance 33, 40
System Category/Event Maint 164
system events 163
System/Account Control
supplier consignment accounts 120
T
TAG-CNT transaction 143
Tax Rate Maintenance 122
tolerance
requisition values 61
tolerance percent
global requisitions 22
transaction types 125
supplier consigned 125
Transactions Detail Inquiry 127
Transfer Ownership field 123
triggering purchase orders 103
U
Use Registration Report 167
V
Vertical Approver Maintenance 30
view multiple subcontractors during receipt 89
W
weight factors
supplier performance 165
WIP Lot Serial
viewing items during receipt 89
work flow
supplier consignment 112
Work Order Dispatch Report 103
185
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User Guide — QAD Purchasing
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