SERVICE STATION MANUAL
SERVICE STATION MANUAL
854279
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SERVICE STATION
MANUAL
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
THE VALUE OF SERVICE
Due to the continuous technical updates and specific mechanic training programs for aprilia products,
only aprilia Official Network mechanics know this vehicle fully and have the special tools necessary to
carry out maintenance and repair operations correctly.
The reliability of the vehicle also depends on its mechanical state. Checking the vehicle before riding, its
regular maintenance and using only Original aprilia Spare Parts are essential!
For information about the nearest Official Dealer and/or Service Centre, consult the Yellow Pages or
search directly from the map on our Official Website:
www.aprilia.com
Only by requesting aprilia Original Spare Parts can you be sure of purchasing products that were
developed and tested together with the actual vehicle itself. All aprilia Original Spare Parts undergo
quality control procedures to guarantee reliability and durability.
The descriptions and illustrations given in this publication are not binding; While the basic characteristics
as described and illustrated in this booklet remain unchanged, aprilia reserves the right, at any time and
without being required to update this publication beforehand, to make any changes to components, parts
or accessories, which it considers necessary to improve the product or which are required for
manufacturing or construction reasons.
Not all versions/models shown in this publication are available in all Countries. The availability of
individual versions/models should be confirmed with the official aprilia sales network.
© Copyright 2009 aprilia. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this publication in whole or in part is
prohibited. aprilia - After-sales service.
Aprilia trademark is property of Piaggio & C. S.p.A.
SERVICE STATION MANUAL
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
- This manual provides the main information to carry out regular maintenance operations on your vehicle.
- This manual is intended to aprilia Dealers and their qualified mechanics; several concepts have been
deliberately omitted as they are considered unnecessary. As it is not possible to include complete
mechanical notions in this manual, users should have basic mechanical knowledge or minimum
knowledge about the procedures involved when repairing scooters. Without this knowledge, repairing or
checking the vehicle may be inefficient or even dangerous. As the vehicle repair and check procedures
are not described in detail, be extremely cautious so as not to damage components or injure individuals.
In order to optimise customer satisfaction when using our vehicles, aprilia s.p.a. commits itself to
continually improve its products and the relative documentation. The main technical modifications and
changes in repair procedures are communicated to all aprilia Sales Outlets and its International
Subsidiaries. These changes will be introduced in the subsequent editions of the manual. In case of
need or further queries on repair and check procedures, consult aprilia CUSTOMER DEPARTMENT,
which will be prepared to provide any information on the subject and any further communications on
updates and technical changes related to the vehicle.
NOTE Provides key information to make the procedure easier to understand and carry out.
CAUTION Refers to specific procedures to carry out for preventing damages to the vehicle.
WARNING Refers to specific procedures to carry out to prevent injuries to the repairer.
Personal safety Failure to completely observe these instructions will result in serious risk of personal
injury.
Safeguarding the environment Sections marked with this symbol indicate the correct use of the vehicle
to prevent damaging the environment.
Vehicle intactness The incomplete or non-observance of these regulations leads to the risk of serious
damage to the vehicle and sometimes even the invalidity of the guarantee.
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS
CHAR
TOOLING
TOOL
MAINTENANCE
MAIN
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELE SYS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE
ENG VE
ENGINE
ENG
SUSPENSIONS
SUSP
BRAKING SYSTEM
CHASSIS
PRE-DELIVERY
BRAK SYS
CHAS
PRE DE
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHARACTERISTICS
CHAR
Characteristics
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Rules
Safety rules
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AND INFORMATION
When repairing, dismantling and reassembling the vehicle, follow the recommendations given below
carefully.
CAUTION
USE OF NAKED FLAMES IS FORBIDDEN DURING ALL TYPES OF OPERATION. BEFORE STARTING ANY MAINTENANCE OPERATION OR INSPECTION ON THE VEHICLE, SWITCH OFF THE
ENGINE AND REMOVE THE KEY. WAIT UNTIL THE ENGINE AND THE EXHAUST SYSTEM ARE
COLD, IF POSSIBLE, RAISE THE VEHICLE USING A SUITABLE TOOL ON FIRM AND LEVEL
GROUND. TO AVOID BURNS PAY SPECIAL CARE WITH HOT ENGINE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM
PARTS.
DO NOT HOLD ANY MECHANICAL OR OTHER VEHICLE PARTS WITH YOUR MOUTH: VEHICLE
COMPONENT ARE NOT EDIBLE, ON THE CONTRARY SOME OF THEM ARE HARMFUL AND
EVEN TOXIC.
CARBON MONOXIDE
If you need to keep the engine running in order to carry out any procedure, please ensure that you do
so in an open or very well ventilated area.
Never let the engine run in an enclosed area.
If you do work in an enclosed area, make sure to use a smoke-extraction system.
CAUTION
EXHAUST EMISSIONS CONTAIN CARBON MONOXIDE, A POISONOUS GAS WHICH CAN CAUSE
LOSS OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND EVEN DEATH.
HYDROGEN GAS AND BATTERY ELECTROLYTE
CAUTION
THE BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS TOXIC, CORROSIVE AND AS IT CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID,
IT CAN CAUSE BURNS WHEN IN CONTACT WITH THE SKIN.
WHEN HANDLING THE BATTERY ELECTROLYTE, WEAR TIGHT-FITTING GLOVES AND PROTECTIVE APPAREL.
IF THE ELECTROLYTIC FLUID GETS INTO CONTACT WITH THE SKIN, WASH WITH ABUNDANT
COOL WATER.
IT IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT TO PROTECT THE EYES BECAUSE EVEN TINY AMOUNTS
OF BATTERY ACID MAY CAUSE BLINDNESS. IF IT COMES INTO CONTACT WITH THE EYES,
RINSE THEM CAREFULLY WITH WATER FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, THEN SEE AN EYE SPECIALIST AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.
IF IT IS ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED, DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR MILK, FOLLOWED BY MILK OF MAGNESIA OR VEGETAL OIL, AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE IMMEDIATELY.
THE BATTERY RELEASES EXPLOSIVE GASES. KEEP IT AWAY OF FLAMES, SPARKS, CIGARETTES OR ANY OTHER HEAT SOURCE.
ENSURE ADEQUATE VENTILATION WHEN SERVICING OR RECHARGING THE BATTERY.
CAUTION
CHAR - 6
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
CAUTION
THE BATTERY LIQUID IS CORROSIVE.
DO NOT POUR OR SPILL IT, PARTICULARLY ON PLASTIC COMPONENTS.
ENSURE THAT THE ELECTROLYTIC ACID IS COMPATIBLE WITH THE BATTERY TO BE ACTIVATED.
FUEL
CAUTION
FUEL USED TO DRIVE EXPLOSION ENGINES IS HIGHLY FLAMMABLE AND CAN BECOME EXPLOSIVE UNDER SPECIFIC CONDITIONS.
IT IS THEREFORE RECOMMENDED TO CARRY OUT REFUELLING AND MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES IN A VENTILATED AREA WITH THE ENGINE SWITCHED OFF.
DO NOT SMOKE DURING REFUELLING AND NEAR FUEL VAPOURS, AVOIDING ANY CONTACT
WITH NAKED FLAMES, SPARKS OR OTHER SOURCES WHICH MAY CAUSE THEM TO IGNITE
OR EXPLODE.
CAUTION
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
CAUTION
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
HIGH-TEMPERATURE COMPONENTS
The engine and the components of the exhaust system can get very hot and remain hot for some time
even after the engine has been switched off.
Before handling these components, make sure that you are wearing insulating gloves or wait until the
engine and the exhaust system have cooled down.
BRAKE FLUID
CAUTION
THE BRAKE FLUID MAY DAMAGE PAINTED, PVC OR RUBBER SURFACES. WHEN SERVICING
THE BRAKE SYSTEM, PROTECT THESE COMPONENTS WITH A CLEAN CLOTH.
ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE GOGGLES WHEN SERVICING THE BRAKE SYSTEM.
THE BRAKE FLUID IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS TO THE EYES.
IN THE EVENT OF ACCIDENTAL CONTACT WITH THE EYES, RINSE THEM IMMEDIATELY WITH
ABUNDANT COLD, CLEAN WATER AND SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE.
CAUTION
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
TRANSMISSION OIL AND USED FORK OIL
CHAR - 7
Characteristics
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
CAUTION
IT IS ADVISABLE TO WEAR LATEX GLOVES WHEN CARRYING OUT SERVICE WORK.
THE TRANSMISSION OIL MAY CAUSE SKIN DAMAGE IF HANDLED FREQUENTLY AND FOR
LONG PERIODS.
WASH YOUR HANDS CAREFULLY AFTER HANDLING OIL.
HAND THE OIL OVER TO OR HAVE IT COLLECTED BY THE NEAREST USED OIL RECYCLING
COMPANY OR THE SUPPLIER.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO WEAR LATEX GLOVES WHEN CARRYING OUT SERVICE WORK.
CAUTION
DO NOT DISPOSE OF OIL INTO THE ENVIRONMENT.
CAUTION
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
TYRES
CAUTION
CHANGING, REPAIR, MAINTENANCE AND BALANCING ARE IMPORTANT OPERATIONS THAT
ARE CARRIED OUT BY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL USING SUITABLE TOOLS.
THE NEW TYRES MAY BE COVERED WITH A THIN LAYER OF PROTECTIVE COATING THAT IS
SLIPPERY. DRIVE CAREFULLY FOR THE FIRST FEW KILOMETRES (MILES).
NEVER USE RUBBER TREATMENT AGENTS OF ANY KIND ON THE TYRES.
IN PARTICULAR ENSURE THAT THE TYRES DO NOT COME INTO CONTACT WITH LIQUID FUEL
THAT WOULD CAUSE A RAPID DETERIORATION OF THE RUBBER.
A TYRE THAT HAS BEEN IN CONTACT WITH OIL OR PETROL MUST BE REPLACED AND NOT
SIMPLY CLEANED.
DO NOT FIT TYRES WITH INNER TUBES ON WHEEL RIMS FOR TUBELESS TYRES AND VICE
VERSA.
DISC BRAKE
CAUTION
ANY OIL OR OTHER LIQUIDS ON A DISC WILL SOIL THE BRAKE PADS.
SOILED PADS MUST BE REMOVED AND REPLACED. A SOILED DISC OR A DISC WITH TRACES
OF OIL MUST BE CLEANED WITH A TOP QUALITY DEGREASING AGENT.
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED CLOSE TO WATER OR ON DUSTY OR UNSURFACED ROADS, OR IF
IT IS USED FOR SPORTS APPLICATION, HALVE THE SERVICE INTERVALS.
BRAKE FLUID
CAUTION
DO NOT USE FLUIDS OTHER THAN THOSE PRESCRIBED AND DO NOT MIX DIFFERENT LIQUIDS WHEN TOPPING UP IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE THE BRAKE SYSTEM.
DO NOT USE BRAKE FLUID TAKEN FROM OLD CONTAINERS OR FROM CONTAINERS THAT
HAVE BEEN OPEN FOR A PROLONGED TIME.
SUDDEN CHANGES IN THE PLAY OR ELASTIC RESISTANCE IN THE BRAKE LEVERS ARE DUE
TO FAULTS IN THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT.
MAKE ESPECIALLY SURE THAT BRAKE DISCS AND THE FRICTION MATERIAL ARE NOT
SMEARED OR GREASY, PARTICULARLY AFTER CARRYING OUT MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION OPERATIONS.
CHECK THAT BRAKE WIRES ARE NOT TWISTED OR WORN.
ENSURE THAT WATER OR DUST DO NOT INGRESS INADVERTENTLY INTO THE CIRCUIT.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO WEAR LATEX GLOVES WHEN SERVICING THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT.
CHAR - 8
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Maintenance rules
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS AND INFORMATION
When repairing, dismantling and reassembling the vehicle, follow the recommendations given below
carefully.
CAUTION
UNLESS OTHERWISE INDICATED, REFIT THE UNIT FOLLOWING THE REMOVAL STEPS BUT
IN REVERSE ORDER. THE POSSIBLE OVERLAPPING OF OPERATIONS REFERRED TO IN THE
OTHER CHAPTERS MUST BE CARRIED OUT LOGICALLY, AVOIDING ANY UNNECESSARY REMOVAL OF COMPONENTS. DO NOT POLISH MATT PAINTWORK WITH ABRASIVE PASTES.
NEVER USE FUEL AS SOLVENT FOR CLEANING THE VEHICLE.
DO NOT USE ALCOHOL, PETROL OR SOLVENTS TO CLEAN RUBBER AND PLASTIC PARTS
AND THE SADDLE. USE ONLY WATER AND NEUTRAL SOAP INSTEAD.
DISCONNECT THE NEGATIVE CABLE (-) OF THE BATTERY IF YOU INTEND TO CARRY OUT
ELECTRICAL WELDING WORK.
ELECTRIC CONNECTORS
Electric connectors must be disconnected as described below; failure to comply with this procedure
causes irreparable damage to both the connector and the wiring harness: Press the relative safety clips,
if applicable.
CAUTION
DO NOT DISCONNECT CONNECTORS BY PULLING THE CABLES.
•
Grip the connectors and disconnect them by pulling them in opposite directions.
•
In presence of dirt, rust, humidity etc., clean the connector's internal parts carefully, using a
pressurised air jet.
•
Ensure that the cables are correctly fastened to the internal connector terminals.
NOTE
THE CONNECTORS CAN ONLY BE CONNECTED IN ONE DIRECTION: CONNECT THEM THE
RIGHT WAY ROUND.
•
Then connect the connectors, ensuring that they couple correctly (if fitted with the specific
clips, you will hear them "click" into place).
BEFORE REMOVING COMPONENTS
•
Before disassembling components, remove dirt, mud, dust and foreign bodies from the vehicle.
•
Use the special tools designed for this vehicle, as required.
COMPONENTS REMOVAL
•
Do not loosen and/or tighten screws and nuts using pliers or any other tools than the specific
wrench.
•
Mark the positions on all connection joints (pipes, cables, etc.) before separating them, and
identify them with different distinctive symbols.
CHAR - 9
Characteristics
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Each component needs to be clearly marked to enable identification during reassembly.
•
Clean and wash the dismantled components carefully using a low-flammability detergent.
•
Keep coupled parts together since they have "adjusted" to each other due to normal wear
and tear.
•
Some components must be used together or replaced altogether.
•
Keep away from heat sources.
REASSEMBLING COMPONENTS
CAUTION
NEVER REUSE A CIRCLIP; IF A CIRCLIP HAS BEEN REMOVED, IT MUST BE REPLACED WITH
A NEW ONE. WHEN INSTALLING A CIRCLIP, ENSURE THAT ITS ENDS ARE NOT STRETCHED
MORE THAN IS NECESSARY TO FIT IT ONTO THE SHAFT.
AFTER INSTALLING THE CIRCLIP, CHECK THAT IT IS FULLY AND CLEANLY INSTALLED IN ITS
SEAT.
DO NOT USED COMPRESSED AIR TO CLEAN BEARINGS.
NOTE
BEARINGS MUST ROTATE FREELY, WITHOUT JAMMING AND/OR NOISE, OTHERWISE, THEY
NEED TO BE REPLACED.
•
Use only ORIGINAL Aprilia SPARE PARTS.
•
Comply with lubricant and consumables usage guidelines.
•
Lubricate parts (whenever possible) before reassembling them.
•
When tightening nuts and screws, start either from the components with the largest diameter
or from the innermost components, proceeding diagonally. Tighten nuts and screws in successive steps before applying the tightening torque.
•
Always replace self-locking nuts, washers, sealing rings, circlips, O-rings (OR), cotter pins
and screws with new parts if the thread is damaged.
•
When assembling the bearings, make sure to lubricate them well.
•
Check that each component is assembled correctly.
•
After a repair or routine maintenance, carry out pre-ride checks and test the vehicle on
private grounds or in an area with low traffic.
•
Clean all mating surfaces, oil seal rims and gaskets before refitting. Smear a thin layer of
lithium-based grease on the oil seal rims. Reassemble the oil seal and the bearings with the
brand or lot number facing outward (visible side).
TIGHTENING TORQUES
CAUTION
DO NOT FORGET THAT TIGHTENING TORQUES OF ALL FASTENING ELEMENTS ON WHEELS,
BRAKES, WHEEL SPINDLES AND OTHER SUSPENSION COMPONENTS PLAY A KEY ROLE IN
ENSURING THE VEHICLE'S SAFETY AND MUST COMPLY WITH SPECIFIED VALUES.
CHECK THE TIGHTENING TORQUES OF FASTENING PARTS ON A REGULAR BASIS AND ALWAYS USE A TORQUE WRENCH TO REASSEMBLE THESE COMPONENTS.
IF THESE RECOMMENDATIONS ARE NOT COMPLIED WITH, ONE OF THE COMPONENTS MAY
BECOME LOOSE AND EVEN DETACHED, THUS BLOCKING A WHEEL, OR OTHERWISE COMCHAR - 10
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
PROMISING THE VEHICLE'S MANOEUVRABILITY. THIS CAN LEAD TO FALLS, WITH THE RISK
OF SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.
Vehicle identification
Quote the chassis number when purchasing spare parts.
NOTE
DO NOT OBLITERATE OR ALTER THE VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS. DOING SO IS
CONSIDERED AN OFFENCE IN ALL COUNTRIES. FURTHERMORE, ALTERING THE IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS INVALIDATES THE WARRANTY.
Chassis number
The chassis number «1» is marked on the chassis
central bar. Remove the cover «2» to read it.
Engine number
The engine number «3» is marked near the lower
support of the rear shock absorber.
Dimensions and mass
SIZES
Specification
Max. length
Max. width (to brake levers)
Max. height (to the rear-view mirrors)
Saddle height
Wheelbase
Minimum ground clearance
Kerb weight (in running order)
Desc./Quantity
1905 mm (75 in)
705 mm (27.7 in)
1190 mm (46.9 in)
700 mm (27.6 in)
1245 mm (49 in)
140 mm (5.5 in)
100 kg (220.5 lb)
Engine
ENGINE
Specification
Engine model
Type
Desc./Quantity
C37AM
4T, 4V
CHAR - 11
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Specification
Number of cylinders
Overall engine capacity
Bore / stroke
Compression ratio
Standard carburettor
Ignition
Clutch
Gearbox
Cooling
Ignition type
Ignition advance
Spark plug
Spark plug electrode gap
Engine revs at idle speed
Valve clearance (when cold)
Desc./Quantity
Horizontal single-cylinder
49.9 cm³ (3.04 cu.in)
39 mm / 41.8 mm
11.5 up to 12:1
KEIHIN NCV20
electric + kick starter
centrifugal
continuous and automatic variator
with forced air
CDI
Variable from 0° to 28°
NGK ER9EH-N
0.6 - 0.7 mm
1,800 ± 100 rpm
intake 0.10 mm
exhaust 0.15 mm
Transmission
TRANSMISSION
Specification
Variator
Primary drive
Secondary
Minimum ratio for continuos transmission
Maximum ratio for continuos transmission
Desc./Quantity
continuous, automatic
V-belt
gear reduction unit
3.07
0.87
Capacities
CAPACITY
Specification
Desc./Quantity
Fuel (reserve included)
7 l (1.84 gal)
Fuel reserve
1 l (0.2 gal)
Transmission oil
100 cm³ (6.1 cu.in)
Engine oil (engine oil change and engine oil filter replacement)
850 cm³ (51.8 cu.in)
Seats
No. 1 (2 in countries where passenger transport is permitted)
Vehicle max. load (rider + passenger + luggage)
180 kg (396.8 lb)
Electrical system
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
CHAR - 12
Specification
Battery
Fuse
(Permanent-magnet) alternator
Low-/high-beam light bulb
Turn indicators bulbs
Rear tail light /stop light bulb
Instrument panel light bulbs
High-beam warning light
Turn indicator warning light
Desc./Quantity
12V - 9 Ah
7.5 A
13 V - 120 W
12 V - 35 / 35 W
12V - 10W
12 V - 5 / 21 W
12V - 1.2W
12V - 1.2W
12V - 3W
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Frame and suspensions
CHASSIS AND SUSPENSIONS
Specification
Size "A"
Size "B"
Steering rake angle
Chassis type
Front suspension
Travel
Rear suspension
Travel
Desc./Quantity
446 mm
471.5 mm
24°
split double cradle frame
Hydraulic action telescopic fork
89 mm (3.5 in)
single hydraulic shock absorber
74 mm (2.9 in)
Brakes
BRAKES
Specification
Front
Rear
Desc./Quantity
Ø 220 mm (8.66 in) disc brake with hydraulic transmission
Ø140 mm (5.51 in) drum brake
Wheels and tyres
WHEEL RIMS
Specification
Type
Front
Rear
Desc./Quantity
alloy
1.60 x16"
1.85 x 16"
TYRES
Specification
Front tyre
Rear tyre
Standard inflation pressure
Desc./Quantity
80 / 80 x 16" SAVA MC 26 CAPRI 46M REINF
90 / 80 x 16" SAVA MC 26 CAPRI 52M REINF
Front: 190 kPa (1.9 bar / 27.55 psi)
Rear: 220 kPa (2.2 bar / 31.9 psi)
Inflation pressure with passenger (in countries where passenFront: 190 kPa (1.9 bar / 27.55 psi)
ger transport is permitted)
Rear: 230 kPa (2.3 bar / 33.35 psi)
CHAR - 13
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Tightening Torques
LINK ROD UNIT
Name
Nut fixing link rod to chassis - M10 (1)
Nut fixing link rod to engine - M10 (1)
Torque in Nm
42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft)
36 Nm (26.55 lbf ft)
FRAME ASSEMBLY
Name
Screw fixing shock absorber to chassis - M10x45 (1)
Nut fixing passenger footrest supporting bracket to chassis M8 (4)
Horn fixing screw - M6x16 (1)
Self-tapping screw fixing splash guard to chassis - 3.9x14 (2)
Nut fixing fuel tank supporting rubber pads - M6 (2)
Torque in Nm
36 Nm (26.55 lbf ft)
25 Nm (18.44 lbf ft)
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
STAND UNIT
Name
Nut fixing stand to engine - M10x130 (1)
Torque in Nm
35 Nm (25.81 lbf ft)
FRONT SUSPENSION UNIT
Name
Nut fixing pumping member to fork sleeve - M10 (1)
Retainer screw tightening wheel pin fork clamp - M6 (1)
Nut fixing steering series nut - M25 (1)
Nut fixing steering series lock nut - M25 (1)
Torque in Nm
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
110 Nm (81.13 lbf ft)
HANDLEBAR AND CONTROLS UNIT
Name
Nut fixing mirror to handlebar - M8 (1)
Screw fixing front brake pump clamp - M6 (2)
Nut fixing handlebar screw - M10 (1)
Torque in Nm
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft)
ENGINE UNIT
Name
Ignition spark plug
Driven pulley shaft nut
Head-cylinder passing nuts *
Rocking lever adjusting nuts
Crankshaft pulley nut
Clutch assembly nut
Nut fixing filter box to engine - M6 (1)
Flywheel nut
Clamp fixing sleeve to carburettor - Diam. 25 (1)
Gas curve retainer to carburettor (1)
Engine oil drainage plug
Engine oil pre-filter cap
Screw fixing filter box to engine - M6x20 (1)
Screw fixing starting lever - M6x25 (1)
Screw fixing engine shock absorber - M10x25 (1)
Screw fixing carburettor protection to engine - M6x16 (1)
Screw fixing rear brake retention plate - M6x20 (1)
Crankcase half union screw
Rear hub cover screws
Hub oil drain screw
Crankcase cooling cover screw
Starting lever screw
Transmission cover screws
Starter motor screws
Screws fixing cables to starter motor
Carburettor/manifold clamp screw
Intake manifold screw
CHAR - 14
Torque in Nm
12.5 Nm (9.22 lbf ft)
42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft)
6.5 Nm (4.79 lbf ft) + 90° + 90° *
8 Nm (5.90 lbf ft)
19 Nm (14.01 lbf ft) + 90º
57.5 Nm (42.41 lbf ft)
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
42 Nm (30.98 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
1.5 Nm (1.11 lbf ft)
26.5 Nm (19.55 lbf ft)
26.5 Nm (19.55 lbf ft)
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
36 Nm (26.55 lbf ft)
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
4 Nm (2.95 lbf ft)
2 Nm (1.48 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
12 Nm (8.85 lbf ft)
2 Nm (1.47 lbf ft)
1.4 Nm (1.03 lbf ft)
8 Nm (5.9 lbf ft)
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Name
Oil sump screws
Screw fixing oil pump to crankcase
Oil pump sprocket gear screw
Oil decantation labyrinth plate screw
Timing chain/oil pump compartment cover screw
Oil pump shield screw
Pick-up screws
Stator screws
Rocking lever axle and camshaft bearing screw
Camshaft pulley screw
Timing chain tensioner central screw
Chain tensioner pad screw
Screws fixing head and cylinder to crankcase
Floating head cover screws
Torque in Nm
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
5.5 Nm (4.06 lbf ft)
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
7.5 Nm (5.53 lbf ft)
4.5 Nm (3.32 lbf ft)
4.5 Nm (3.32 lbf ft)
3.5 Nm (2.58 lbf ft)
3.5 Nm (2.58 lbf ft)
3.5 Nm (2.58 lbf ft)
13 Nm (9.60 lbf ft)
5.5 Nm (4.06 lbf ft)
6 Nm (4.43 lbf ft)
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
6.5 Nm (4.79 lbf ft)
* When assembling the new stud bolts, nut tightening involves 3 turns of 90° each, after the first locking
at 6.5 Nm (4.79 lbf-ft), consequently: 6.5 Nm (4.79 lbf-ft) + 90° + 90° + 90° at crossed passages.
EXHAUST UNIT
Name
Screw fixing silencer to engine - M8x70 (2)
Nut fixing silencer flange to cylinder - M6 (2)
Screw fixing heat shield to silencer - M6x20 (3)
Torque in Nm
22.5 Nm (16.59 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
7 Nm (5.16 lbf ft)
FRONT WHEEL UNIT
Name
Wheel pin retainer - M12 (1)
Brake disc retainer - M6 (5)
Torque in Nm
35 Nm (25.81 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
REAR WHEEL UNIT
Name
Rear wheel fixing nut - M16 (1)
Torque in Nm
112 Nm (82.61 lbf ft)
FRONT BRAKE UNIT
Name
Brake pump clamp retainer - M6 (2)
Nut fixing brake pipe to front mudguard - M6 (1)
Screw fixing front brake calliper to fork - M8x35 (2)
Torque in Nm
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
21 Nm (15.49 lbf ft) - Loctite 243
REAR BRAKE UNIT
Name
Screw fixing rear brake cable grommet to engine - M6x35 (1)
Screw fixing rear brake cable clamp to engine - M6x35 (1)
Torque in Nm
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
9 Nm (6.64 lbf ft)
FRONT BODYWORK UNIT
Name
Legshield fixing screw - M5x12 (2)
Internal shield self-tapping retainer - 3.9 x14 (6)
Clip-on badge self-tapping retainer - 4.2x25 (1)
Screw fixing front mudguard to fork - M5x12 (2)
TCC screw fixing spoiler to handlebar - M8x75 (2)
Torque in Nm
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
1.2 Nm (0.88 lbf ft)
CENTRAL BODYWORK UNIT
Name
Screw fixing under-footrest to chassis - M5x9 (2)
Screw fixing under-footrest to legshield - M5x12 (2)
Internal shield fixing screw - M5x12 (1)
Footrest self-tapping retainer - 5.5x20 (4)
Footrest self-tapping retainer - 5.5x20 (2)
Inspection cover fixing screw - M6x20 (2)
Torque in Nm
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
CHAR - 15
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Name
Glove-box net TBEI fixing screw - 2.9x12 (6)
Torque in Nm
0.5 Nm (0.37 lbf ft)
REAR BODYWORK UNIT
Name
Tail light fixing retainer to tail fairing - 5.5x20 (3)
Luggage carrier fixing screw - M6x45 (3)
Tail fairing self-tapping retainer - 3.9x14 (6)
Nut fixing retroreflector to rear mudguard - M4 (6)
Torque in Nm
2 Nm (1.47 lbf ft)
8 Nm (5.90 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
2 Nm (1.47 lbf ft)
SADDLE UNIT
Name
Nut fixing helmet compartment to chassis - M6 (2)
helmet compartment hook self-tapping retainer - 4.2x25 (2)
Saddle hinge self-tapping retainer - 3.9 x14 (4)
Hinge cover fixing nut - M5 (2)
Torque in Nm
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
1 Nm (0.74 lbf ft)
2 Nm (1.47 lbf ft)
HEAD/INSTRUMENT PANEL UNIT
Name
Turn indicator self-tapping retainer to front hand. cover - M5 (2)
TBEI screw fixing instrument panel to rear hand. cover - 2.9x12
(4)
TBEI screw fixing rear hand. cover to handlebar - 2.9x12 (3)
TBEI screw fixing rear hand. cover to front handlebar cover 2.9x12 (6)
Torque in Nm
1.5 Nm (1.11 lbf ft)
0.5 Nm (0.37 lbf ft)
0.5 Nm (0.37 lbf ft)
0.5 Nm (0.37 lbf ft)
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM UNIT
Name
Battery compartment fixing screw - M5x12 (1)
Battery compartment cover fixing screw - M5x12 (1)
Ground lead fixing screw - M6x12 (1)
Coil fixing screw - M5x20 (2)
Nut fixing relay support to legshield - M5 (1)
Voltage regulator fixing screw - M5x20 (2)
Key switch fixing screw - M6x16 (1)
Torque in Nm
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
2 Nm (1.47 lbf ft)
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
10 Nm (7.38 lbf ft)
TANK UNIT
Name
Screw fixing fuel cock to battery compartment - M5x16 (1)
Clamp fixing fuel pipe to tank - Diam.16 (1)
Screw fixing carburettor protection plate - M5x10 (2)
Fuel cock fixing screw - M5x16 (1)
Torque in Nm
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
3 Nm (2.21 lbf ft)
LOCK UNIT
Name
Nut fixing locks to helmet compartment - M6 (2)
Nut fixing glove-box lid locks - M19x1 (1)
Overhaul data
Assembly clearances
CHAR - 16
Torque in Nm
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
5 Nm (3.69 lbf ft)
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Cylinder - piston assy.
COUPLING BETWEEN PISTON AND CYLINDER
Name
Cylinder
Cylinder
Piston
Piston
Cylinder 1st oversize
Cylinder 1st oversize
Piston 1st oversize
Piston 1st oversize
Cylinder 2nd oversize
Cylinder 2nd oversize
Piston 2nd oversize
Piston 2nd oversize
Cylinder 3rd oversize
Cylinder 3rd oversize
Piston 3rd oversize
Piston 3rd oversize
Initials
A
B
C
D
A1
B1
C1
D1
A2
B2
C2
D2
A3
B3
C3
D3
Cylinder
38.993 - 39.000
39.000 - 39.007
39.007 - 39.014
39.014 - 39.021
39.193 - 39.200
39.200 - 39.207
39.207 - 39.214
39.214 - 39.221
39.393 - 39.400
39.400 - 39.407
39.407 - 39.414
39.414 - 39.421
39.593 - 39.600
39.600 - 39.607
39.607 - 39.614
39.614 - 39.621
Piston
38.954 - 38.961
38.961 - 38.968
38.968 - 38.975
38.975 - 38.982
39.154 - 39.161
39.161 - 39.168
39.168 - 39.175
39.175 - 39.182
39.354 - 39.361
39.361 - 39.368
39.368 - 39.375
39.375 - 39.382
39.554 - 39.561
39.561 - 39.568
39.568 - 39.575
39.575 - 39.582
Play on fitting
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
0.032 - 0.046
NOTE
THE PISTON MUST BE FITTED WITH THE ARROW FACING TOWARDS THE EXHAUST SIDE, THE
PISTON RINGS MUST BE FITTED WITH THE REFERENCE «TOP» OR THE STAMPED MARK
FACING UPWARDS.
- Check the pin outside diameter
Characteristic
Pin outside diameter
13 +0 -0.004 mm
Minimum diameter allowed: pin
12.990 mm
CHAR - 17
Characteristics
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
- Measure the diameter of the bearings on the piston.
Characteristic
Pin seat diameter
13 +0.005 +0.010 mm
- Calculate the pin - piston coupling clearance.
NOTE
THE PIN HOUSINGS HAVE TWO LUBRICATION CHANNELS FOR THIS REASON MEASURE THE
DIAMETER ACCORDING TO THE PISTON AXIS
Characteristic
Standard clearance
0.005 - 0.014 mm
- Carefully clean the sealing rings housings.
- Measure the sealing rings - pistons coupling
clearance using suitable sensors, as shown in the
diagram
- If clearances measured exceed the limits specified in the table below, the piston should be replaced by a new one.
NOTE
MEASURE CLEARANCE BY INSERTING THE BLADE OF
THE FEELER GAUGE FROM THE 2nd SEALING RING
SIDE.
Fitting clearance
1st compression ring - standard coupling
clearance 0.03 - 0.065 mm 1st compression ring maximum clearance allowed after use 0.07 mm
2nd compression ring - standard coupling
clearance 0.02 - 0.055 mm 2nd compression ring maximum clearance allowed after use 0.06 mm
oil scraper - standard coupling clearance 0.04 0.16 mm oil scraper - maximum clearance allowed after use 0.17 mm
CHAR - 18
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
- Using a bore meter, measure the cylinder inside
diameter at three different points according to the
directions shown in the figure.
- Check that the coupling surface with the head is
not worn or distorted.
- Pistons and cylinders are classified according to
their diameter. This coupling is carried out in pairs
(A-A, B-B, C-C, D-D).
Characteristic
Maximum run-out allowed:
0.05 mm
Piston rings
- Alternately fit the 3 sealing rings in the cylinder in
the area where it keeps its original diameter. Using
the piston, fit the rings perpendicularly to the cylinder axis.
- Measure the opening of the sealing rings using a
feeler gauge, as shown in the figure.
- Replace the piston rings if values higher than
those prescribed are measured.
NOTE
BEFORE REPLACING ONLY THE PISTON RINGS, MAKE
SURE THAT COUPLING CLEARANCE BETWEEN THE
SEAL RINGS AND ITS GROOVES, AND THAT BETWEEN
THE PISTON AND THE CYLINDER ARE AS SPECIFIED. IN
ANY CASE, NEW PISTON SEALING RINGS USED IN COMBINATION WITH A USED CYLINDER MAY HAVE DIFFERENT BEDDING CONDITIONS THAN THE STANDARD
ONES.
CHAR - 19
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
SEALING RINGS
Name
1st Compression ring
2nd Compression ring
Oil scraper ring
1st Compression ring
1st Oversize
2nd Compression ring
1st Oversize
Oil scraper ring 1st
Oversize
1st Compression ring
2nd Oversize
2nd Compression ring
2nd Oversize
Oil scraper ring 2nd
Oversize
1st Compression ring
3rd Oversize
2nd Compression ring
3rd Oversize
Oil scraper ring 3rd
Oversize
CHAR - 20
Description
Dimensions
39 x 1
39 x 1
39 x 2
39.2 x 1
Initials
A
A
A
A
Quantity
0.08 - 0.20
0.05 - 0.20
0.20 - 0.70
0.08 - 0.20
39.2 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.2 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
39.4 x 1
A
0.08 - 0.20
39.4 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.4 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
39.6 x 1
A
0.08 - 0.20
39.6 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.6 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Crankcase - crankshaft - connecting rod
AXIAL CLEARANCE BETWEEN CRANKSHAFT AND CRANKCASE
Name
Half shaft, transmission
side
Half shaft, flywheel side
Connecting rod
Spacer tool
Description
Dimensions
14 +0 -0,005
Initials
A
16 +0 -0,005
14,8 +0,05 -0
45.00 / Fitting clearance
D = 0.15 - 0.30
B
C
E
Quantity
Characteristic
Clearance between crankshaft and connecting rod
A = 0.15 - 0.30 mm
CHAR - 21
Characteristics
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Measure the bearings along X and Y axes
Characteristic
Crankshaft rolling surface, transmission side
20-0.012 -0.025 mm
Crankshaft rolling surface, flywheel side
17 +0.007 0 mm
- Check that the crankshaft cone, the tab fitting, the oil seal flow, the knurling and the threaded shanks
are in good working order.
- In case of failure, replace the crankshaft.
Specific tooling
020074Y Support base for checking crankshaft alignment
CHAR - 22
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
- Install the crankshaft on the support and measure
the misalignment at the 4 points indicated in figure.
NOTE
IF VALUES OTHER THAN THOSE ALLOWED ARE DETECTED, TRY STRAIGHTENING THE CRANKSHAFT BY INSERTING A WOODEN WEDGE BETWEEN THE HALF
SHAFTS OR BY CLOSING THEM WITH A VICE AS NEEDED. IF EVEN AFTER THIS OPERATION THE VALUES ARE
NOT THOSE ADMITTED, REPLACE THE CRANKSHAFT.
Characteristic
Maximum off-line allowed - A
0.15 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - B
0.02 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - C
0.02 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - D
0.10 mm
- Measure the inside diameter of the connecting
rod small end using a bore meter.
NOTE
IF THE CONNECTING ROD SMALL END DIAMETER EXCEEDS THE STANDARD DIAMETER, SHOWS SIGNS OF
WEAR OR OVERHEATING, REPLACE THE CRANKSHAFT
AS DESCRIBED IN THE «CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT» CHAPTER.
Characteristic
Connecting rod small end diameter
13 +0.015 + 0.025 mm
Max. diameter allowed: checking the connecting rod small end
13.030 mm
Calculate the coupling clearance between the pin and the connecting rod small end.
Characteristic
Pin - connecting rod clearance
0.015 - 0.029 mm
Cylinder head
Clean all the coupling surfaces thoroughly before servicing the head. Pay attention to the position of
the springs and valves so as not to change the original position upon refitting them
CHAR - 23
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
- Using a trued bar, check that the head surface is
not worn or distorted.
- Check that the camshaft and the rocking lever pin
bearings are not worn.
- Check that the head cover surface, the intake
manifold and exhaust manifold are not worn.
- In case of fault, replace the big end.
Characteristic
Maximum run-out allowed:
0.1 mm
- Fit the valves into the cylinder head.
- Alternatively test the intake and exhaust valves.
- The test should be carried out by filling the manifold with fuel and checking that the head does not
ooze through the valves when they are just pressed by the fingers.
Measure the camshaft seat bearings and rocking
lever support pins with a bore meter
CHECKING THE HEAD
Specification
Standard diameter (mm) A
Standard diameter (mm) B
Standard diameter (mm) C
CHAR - 24
Desc./Quantity
Ø 32.015 - 32.025
Ø 16.0 - 16.018
Ø 11.0 - 11.018
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Measure the unloaded spring length.
•
Standard length: 31.3 mm
•
Limit allowed after use: 29,3
- Remove any carbon deposits from the valve
seats.
- Check the width of the mark on the valve seat
«V» with Prussian blue.
Characteristic
Standard value:
1 - 1.3 mm
Limit allowed:
1.6 mm
- If the width of the mark on the valve seat is larger than the prescribed limits, true the seats with a 45°
milling cutter and then grind.
- Replace the head in case of excessive wear or damage.
STANDARD LENGTH OF VALVE
Specification
Intake: standard length
Exhaust: standard length
Desc./Quantity
74.9 mm
74.35 mm
CHAR - 25
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
- Measure the diameter of the valve stem at the
three positions indicated in the diagram.
STANDARD DIAMETER
Specification
Intake
Exhaust
Desc./Quantity
3.970 - 3.985 mm
3.960 - 3.975 mm
MINIMUM DIAMETER ADMITTED
Specification
Intake
Exhaust
- Calculate the clearance between the valve and its guide.
- Check the concentricity of the valve head by
placing a dial gauge at right angles to the valve
head and rotating it on the «V» shaped support.
Characteristic
Limit allowed:
0.03 mm
- Check the deviation of the valve stem by resting
it on a «V» shaped support and measuring the extent of the deformation using a dial gauge.
Characteristic
Limit value allowed:
0.1 mm
CHAR - 26
Desc./Quantity
3.958 mm
3.945 mm
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Measure the valve guides
VALVE GUIDE DIAMETER
Specification
Valve guide
Valve guide
Desc./Quantity
Standard diameter: 4 + 0.012 mm
Maximum diameter allowed: 4 + 0.022 mm
- After measuring the valve guide diameter and the
valve stem diameter, check the clearance between guide and stem.
INTAKE
Specification
Standard clearance
Limit allowed
Desc./Quantity
0.015 - 0.042 mm
0.06 mm
EXHAUST
Specification
Standard clearance
Limit allowed
Desc./Quantity
0.025 - 0.052 mm
0.07 mm
- If no faults are found during the above checks, the same valves can be reused. For better sealing
results, we recommend grinding the valve seats. Grind the valves gently with fine-grained lapping compound. Upon grinding, keep the cylinder head in horizontal position. This will prevent the lapping
compound residues from penetrating between the valve stem and the guide (see figure).
CAUTION
TO AVOID SCORING THE FAYING SURFACE, DO NOT ROTATE THE VALVE WHEN NO LAPPING
COMPOUND IS LEFT. CAREFULLY WASH THE CYLINDER HEAD AND THE VALVES WITH A
SUITABLE PRODUCT FOR THE TYPE OF LAPPING COMPOUND BEING USED.
CAUTION
DO NOT CHANGE THE VALVE FITTING POSITION (RH - LH).
CHAR - 27
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
- Check the camshaft bearings for signs of abnormal wear.
Characteristic
Standard diameter - Bearing A:
Ø 12+0.002
+0.010 mm Standard
diameter - Bearing B:
Ø 16-0.015 -0.023 mm
Minimum diameter allowed - Bearing A:
Ø 11.98 mm
Minimum diameter allowed - Bearing B:
Ø 15.96 mm
- Using a gauge, measure the height of the cams.
- Check camshaft axial clearance
- If values measured are not within the specified
limits or there are signs of excessive wear, replace
the defective components with new ones.
NOTE
A BALL BEARING IS FITTED ON BEARING «A»; CONSEQUENTLY, BEARING «B» IS THE MOST IMPORTANT AS IT
WORKS DIRECTLY ON THE ALUMINIUM OF THE HEAD
Characteristic
Standard height - Intake
24.397 mm
Standard height - Exhaust
23.996 mm
Fitting clearance
Maximum axial clearance allowed: 0.5 mm
- Check the outside diameter of the rocker pins
- Check there are no signs of wear or scoring on the rocker pins.
- Check the internal diameter of each rocker arm.
- Check that the pad in contact with the cam is not worn.
DIAMETER OF PINS AND ROCKING LEVERS
Specification
Rocking lever inner diameter
Rocking lever pin diameter
CHAR - 28
Desc./Quantity
11.015 - 11.035 mm
10.977 - 10.985 mm
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Characteristics
Products
TABELLA PRODOTTI CONSIGLIATI
Product
AGIP CITY HI TEC 4T
AGIP GEAR SYNTH SAE 75W-90
AGIP FORK 7.5W
AGIP GREASE SM2
AGIP BRAKE 4
AGIP FILTER OIL
Description
Specifications
Engine oil
SAE 5W/40, API SL, ACEA A3, JASO MA
Gearbox oil
API GL4, GL5
Fork oil
Lithium grease with molybdenum for
NLGI 2
bearings and other points needing lubrication
Brake fluid
FMVSS DOT4+
Oil for air filter sponge
-
CHAR - 29
INDEX OF TOPICS
TOOLING
TOOL
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
TOOLS
Stores code
001467Y008
Description
Calliper to extract 17-mm diameter bearings
001467Y029
Bell for 38-mm outside diameter bearings
004499Y
Bearing extractor. Equipped with: 1 Bell,
2 Sleeve, 3 Screw, 6 Ring, 27 Half rings,
34 Half rings
005095Y
Engine support
008119Y009
Pipe for fitting the shafts and the axles
020004Y
Punch to remove steering bearings from
headstock
TOOL - 31
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
TOOL - 32
Stores code
020055Y
Description
Wrench for steering tube ring nut
020074Y
020150Y
Tool to align crankshaft
Air heater support
020151Y
Air heater
020162Y
Flywheel extractor
020171Y
Punch for driven pulley roller bearing
020265Y
Bearing fitting base
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
Stores code
020288Y
Description
Fork for fitting the piston on the cylinder
020291Y
Tool to fit/remove valves
020306Y
Punch for fitting the valve seal rings
020329Y
Vacuum pump Mity-Vac
020330Y
Stroboscopic light for timing checking
020331Y
Digital multimeter
TOOL - 33
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
TOOL - 34
Stores code
020332Y
Description
Digital rpm indicator
020334Y
Multiple battery charger
020335Y
Dial gauge magnetic support
020340Y
Punch to fit flywheel and transmission oil
seals
020358Y
020359Y
37 x 40 mm adaptor
42 x 47-mm adaptor
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
Stores code
020360Y
Description
52 x 55-mm adaptor
020362Y
12 mm guide
020363Y
20 mm guide
020364Y
25-mm Guide
020376Y
Adapter handle
020431Y
Valve oil seal extractor
TOOL - 35
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
TOOL - 36
Stores code
020432Y
Description
Tool to fit the start-up sector spring
020439Y
17 mm guide
020444Y
020448Y
Tool to fit/remove the pin
Tool for fitting the pin snap rings
020449Y
Support to check piston position
020450Y
Tool for fitting/removing the camshaft
020451Y
020452Y
Driving pulley lock wrench
Pipe to remove and refit the driven pulley
shaft
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Tooling
Stores code
020456Y
Description
Ø24 mm adaptor
020565Y
Flywheel lock calliper spanner
020683Y
Valve pressing member
020680Y
TXB Navigator
TOOL - 37
INDEX OF TOPICS
MAINTENANCE
MAIN
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Maintenance
Maintenance chart
ROUTINE MAINTENANCE TABLE
I: INSPECT AND CLEAN, ADJUST, LUBRICATE OR REPLACE IF NECESSARY
C: CLEAN, R: REPLACE, A: ADJUST, L: LUBRICATE
* Check level every 3,000 km
** Replace every 2 years
*** Replace every 4 years
km x 1,000
Safety locks
Driving belt
Spark plug
Throttle control
Oil mesh filter
SAS filter
Air filter
Solenoid filter
Valve clearance
Electrical system and battery
Cooling system
Brake fluid **
Brake control levers
Headlight aiming adjustment
Engine oil*
Hub oil
Vehicle road test
Tyre pressure and wear
Sliding blocks / Variable speed rollers
Brake pads
Odometer gear
Idle speed
Suspension
Steering
Transmissions
Fuel pipes ***
1
I
6
I
A
C
C
I
I
I
I
L
I
R
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
A
A
I
12
I
R
R
A
C
C
C
C
I
I
18
I
L
A
R
R
I
I
R
I
L
A
I
A
L
I
I
I
C
C
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
24
I
R
R
A
C
C
C
I
I
C
I
L
A
R
R
I
I
R
I
L
A
I
A
L
I
30
I
C
C
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
36
I
R
R
A
C
C
C
I
I
I
L
A
R
R
I
I
R
I
L
A
I
A
L
I
42
I
C
C
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
48
I
R
R
A
C
C
C
I
I
C
I
L
A
R
R
I
I
R
I
L
A
I
A
L
I
54
I
C
C
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
60
I
R
R
A
C
C
C
C
I
I
I
L
A
R
R
I
I
R
I
L
A
I
A
L
I
Carburettor
Solenoid valve
The carburettor features a solenoid valve "A" that,
via an ECU, manages an extra flow of air.
It is connected to the carburettor via flexible pipes
as shown in the figure.
The valve is placed under the helmet compartment
as shown in the picture. Remove the rear central
cover to reach it.
Pipe "B" is coupled to a filter placed inside the fuse
box. The solenoid filter should be cleaned according to the kilometres travelled as indicated in the
scheduled maintenance chart.
MAIN - 39
Maintenance
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Idle speed adjustment
Check idle speed according to the indications in the maintenance table. To reach the set screw:
•
Remove the rear central cover.
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS AND IN ORDER TO AVOID BURNS,
LEAVE ENGINE AND SILENCER TO COOL OFF TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
•
Operate on the screw «1» until the preset idle speed is obtained.
Characteristic
Engine revs at idle speed
1,800 ± 100 rpm
Checking the spark advance
The vehicle is fitted with a variable advance electronic device. There are two timing references on
the flywheel cover in order to ensure a better precision when detecting the reference on the fan.
CAUTION
IF FLASH INDICATIONS ARE UNSTABLE AND THE RPM
INDICATION DOES NOT CORRESPOND WITH REAL ENGINE SPEED VARIATION (FOR EXAMPLE, VALUES
SHOWN ARE HALVED), INSTALL A 10 - 15 KΩ RESISTIVE
CABLE CONNECTED IN SERIES TO AN HV CABLE. IF THE
IRREGULAR READING CONTINUES AFTER THIS OPERATION, CHECK THE COMPONENTS OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM.
When the advance check is carried out with a stroboscopic gun, add 10° flywheel keying to the table
below.
MAIN - 40
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Maintenance
Spark plug
Check the spark plug according to the indications in the maintenance table. To reach it:
•
Remove the rear central cover.
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS AND IN ORDER TO AVOID BURNS,
LEAVE ENGINE AND SILENCER TO COOL OFF TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
•
Disconnect the cap.
•
Clean off any trace of dirt from the spark plug base by blowing compressed air.
•
Unscrew the spark plug and remove it from its seat, making sure no dust or dirt gets into the
cylinder.
•
Check that spark plug electrode and central porcelain insulator do not have carbon deposits
or corrosion; if necessary, remove them.
•
Use a feeler gauge to check the electrode gap and, if necessary, adjust it.
•
Make sure the washer is in good conditions.
•
Fit the washer and then finger tighten the spark plug.
•
Tighten to the specified torque.
Characteristic
Spark plug electrode gap
0.7 -0.8 mm
Locking torques (N*m)
Spark plug 12 - 14
MAIN - 41
Maintenance
Hub oil
Check
•
Ride a few kilometres until the regular
working temperature is reached, then
stop the engine.
•
Rest the vehicle on its stand.
•
Remove the tap-dipstick «2» and clean
it with a cloth.
•
Reinsert the cap dipstick «2» into its
housing and screw it again completely.
Then pull it out again to check the oil
level.
•
The oil level is correct if it reaches the
indicated mark.
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION
OR CONTAMINATED OR NOT RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
Replacement
To ensure long-lasting and optimal vehicle performance, change oil following the frequency indicated in the scheduled maintenance tables.
For change:
•
Ride a few kilometres until the regular
working temperature is reached, then
stop the engine.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Place a container with 200 cm³ minimum capacity under the drainage plug
«1».
•
Unscrew the filler cap «2» and the oil
drainage plug «1».
MAIN - 42
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Maintenance
Let the oil drain off completely from the
crankcase.
•
Tighten drainage plug «1» and pour
100 cm³ of recommended oil.
•
Check the hub oil level.
•
Tighten the filler cap «2».
CAUTION
SCREW THE FILLER CAP AND THE DRAINAGE PLUG
TIGHTLY AND MAKE SURE THAT OIL DOES NOT SEEP
THROUGH.
CHECK REGULARLY THAT THERE ARE NO LEAKS IN THE
CRANKCASE COVER GASKET.
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION
OR CONTAMINATED OR NOT RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF MOVING PARTS AND CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
Air filter
CAUTION
CLEAN AND CHECK THE AIR FILTER CONDITIONS MONTHLY OR FOLLOWING THE INDICATIONS IN THE SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE TABLES. THIS WILL DEPEND ON USE CONDITIONS.
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED ON DUSTY OR WET ROADS, CLEAN AND CHANGE THE FILTER MORE
FREQUENTLY.
To clean the air filter, remove it from the vehicle.
Removing the air filter
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Undo and remove the six screws «1 ».
MAIN - 43
Maintenance
•
Slide off the air filter cover «2».
•
Slide off the filtering element «3».
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Cleaning
CAUTION
DO NOT USE PETROL OR FLAMMABLE SOLVENTS TO CLEAN THE FILTERING ELEMENT TO
AVOID RISK OF FIRE OR EXPLOSION.
•
Wash the filtering element «3» with clean non-inflammable or high-volatility solvents and let
it dry thoroughly.
•
Apply a specific filter oil over all the surface.
Engine oil
Replacement
CAUTION
PARK THE VEHICLE ON SAFE AND LEVEL GROUND.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
CAUTION
WAIT SOME MINUTES UNTIL THE ENGINE AND THE EXHAUST SYSTEM ARE COLD.
•
Stop the engine and let it cool off so
that the oil in the crankcase flows down
and cools as well.
•
Unscrew and pull out the measuring
cap-dipstick «1».
•
Place a collecting container with + 850
cm³ capacity under the engine oil filter.
MAIN - 44
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Maintenance
Unscrew and remove the oil drainage
plug «2» and then drain all the engine
oil into the collecting container.
•
Slide off the mesh filter and clean it.
•
Insert the mesh filter.
•
Screw and tighten the engine oil drainage plug «2».
•
When refilling, add approx. 850 cm³ of engine oil through the fill opening.
•
Screw and tighten the measuring cap-dipstick «1».
•
Start the engine and let it run for several minutes. Stop the engine and let it cool down.
•
Check the engine oil level again using the cap-dipstick «1» and top-up, if necessary, without
exceeding the «MAX» level.
NOTE
USE RECOMMENDED OIL ONLY. REFER TO THE RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS TABLE.
Check
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
CAUTION
WAIT SOME MINUTES UNTIL THE ENGINE AND THE EXHAUST SYSTEM ARE COLD.
•
Stop the engine and let it cool off so
that the oil in the crankcase flows down
and cools as well.
NOTE
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE OPERATIONS MAY RESULT IN AN INCORRECT READING OF THE ENGINE OIL
LEVEL.
MAIN - 45
Maintenance
•
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Unscrew and pull out the measuring
cap-dipstick «1».
•
Clean the area in contact with oil with
a clean cloth.
•
Screw the cap-dipstick «1» fully into its
tube.
•
Remove the cap-dipstick «1» again
and read the level the oil reaches on
the dipstick:
MAX = maximum level;
MIN = minimum level.
•
The level is correct when it is close to
the «MAX» level marked on the measuring dipstick.
CAUTION
IN ORDER TO AVOID DAMAGING THE ENGINE, OIL LEVEL
MUST NEVER EXCEED THE «MAX» MARK OR FALL BELOW THE «MIN» MARK.
•
Top-up if required.
TOP-UP
Do not exceed the «MAX» mark level when topping-up engine oil.
•
Pour a small quantity of oil through the tube and wait about one minute so that the oil flows
evenly into the crankcase.
•
Check the oil level and top-up, if required.
•
Top-up with small quantities of oil, until the recommended level is reached.
•
At the end of the operation, screw and tighten the cap-dipstick «1».
CAUTION
RIDING THE VEHICLE WITH INSUFFICIENT LUBRICATION OR CONTAMINATED OR NOT RECOMMENDED LUBRICANTS ACCELERATES THE WEAR AND TEAR OF MOVING PARTS AND
CAN CAUSE IRRETRIEVABLE DAMAGE.
MAIN - 46
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Maintenance
Fuel filter
Cleaning the fuel filter
•
Empty the fuel tank.
•
Unscrew the clamp «1».
•
Remove the pipe «2».
•
Slide off the petrol flange «3».
•
Unscrew the filter «4» from the flange
«3».
NOTE
BLOW THE FILTER WITH COMPRESSED AIR AND REFIT.
Transmissions
Check that the throttle grip works correctly
CAUTION
DO NOT USE THE VEHICLE IF THE THROTTLE GRIP CABLE IS DAMAGED, TWISTED OR
COILED. THIS MAY INTERFERE WITH THE THROTTLE GRIP NORMAL OPERATION.
THE THROTTLE GRIP MAY GET LOCKED AND THIS MAY RESULT IN LOSS OF VEHICLE CONTROL.
Make sure the front fork rotation does not press the throttle grip and engage gears. Furthermore, make
sure that the throttle grip goes back to idle position smoothly and automatically when released.
If this does not occur:
NOTE
USED THE SPECIFIC LUBRICANT AVAILABLE IN THE MARKET TO LUBRICATE THE COMPONENTS.
MAIN - 47
Maintenance
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Check the position and lubrication of the following
components:
•
throttle grip cable sheath;
•
throttle grip regulator «18»;
•
cable terminals;
•
throttle grip.
Check the throttle grip adjustment.
Throttle grip adjustment
NOTE
BEFORE CARRYING OUT ANY TYPE OF OPERATIONS, MAKE SURE THE THROTTLE GRIP
WORKS PROPERLY.
The throttle grip cable backslash must be between
2 - 3 mm (0.08 - 0.12 in), measured at the throttle
trim, see the drawing above.
To adjust the cable:
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Pull the rubber sheathing «1» back.
•
Loosen the clamping nut «2».
•
Turn regulator «3» so as to restore the
specified value.
•
After adjusting, tighten the closing nut
«2» and check backlash again.
•
Refit the rubber sheathing «1».
CAUTION
AFTER ADJUSTING THE THROTTLE GRIP, TURN THE
HANDLEBAR FULLY TO THE LEFT AND THEN FULLY TO
THE RIGHT WITH THE ENGINE AT IDLE SPEED.
CHECK THAT THE NOISE PRODUCED WITH THE ENGINE
AT IDLE DOES NOT CHANGE WHILE CARRYING OUT
THESE OPERATIONS. ALSO CHECK THAT THE THROTTLE GRIP CLOSES SMOOTHLY AND TOTALLY WHEN RELEASED.
MAIN - 48
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Maintenance
Checking the valve clearance
- Remove the rear central cover
- Loosen and remove the 4 screws indicated in the
figure and remove the tappet cover.
- To check valve clearance, centre the reference
marks of the timing system point.
- Check that valve clearances are correct with a
feeler gauge.
- If the valve clearance values, intake and exhaust
respectively, differ from those indicated below, replace the calibrated pads in order to restore the
correct valve clearance.
Characteristic
Intake (with cold engine)
0.10 mm
Exhaust (with cold engine)
0.15 mm
Braking system
CAUTION
IT IS STRICTLY NECESSARY, AFTER REFITTING BRAKES AND RESTORING THE BREAKING
SYSTEM TO ITS REGULAR USE CONDITIONS THAT THE HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT BE AIR PURGED.
Level check
NOTE
CARRY OUT THESE OPERATIONS ONLY WITH THE VEHICLE ON A FLAT AND STABLE SURFACE, SUCH AS A GARAGE CONCRETE FLOOR.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
MIN = minimum level.
•
Turn the handlebar so that the fluid inside the brake reservoir reaches the
''MIN' level reference mark stamped on
the sight glass «3».
MAIN - 49
Maintenance
•
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Make sure that the fluid level in the reservoir is above the ''MIN'' reference
mark stamped on the sight glass «3».
Top-up
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
CAUTION
TO REMOVE THE TWO SCREWS «1» FIXING THE RESERVOIR COVER «2», TURN THE HANDLEBAR SO THAT THE
FLUID INSIDE THE BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIR IS AT THE
''MIN'' LEVEL REFERENCE MARK STAMPED ON THE
SIGHT GLASS «3». IF THIS PROCEDURE IS NOT CARRIED
OUT, THE BRAKE FLUID WILL SPILL OUT OF THE RESERVOIR.
•
Turn the handlebar so that the fluid inside the reservoir reaches the ''MIN'' level reference
mark stamped on the sight glass «3».
CAUTION
DO NOT OPERATE THE REAR BRAKE LEVER NOR TURN THE HANDLEBAR AFTER THE
SCREWS «1» OR THE COVER «2» HAVE BEEN REMOVED. THIS WOULD CAUSE BRAKE FLUID
TO SPLASH OR SPILL.
•
Undo the two screws «1».
•
Remove cover «2».
•
Remove cover guide «4».
WARNING
AVOID PROLONGED AIR EXPOSURE OF THE BRAKE FLUID. BRAKE FLUID IS HYGROSCOPIC
AND ABSORBS MOISTURE WHEN IN CONTACT WITH AIR. LEAVE THE BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIR OPEN ONLY FOR THE TIME NEEDED TO COMPLETE THE TOPPING UP PROCEDURE.
NOTE
TO AVOID SPILLING BRAKE FLUID WHILE TOPPING-UP, KEEP THE FLUID LEVEL IN THE RESERVOIR PARALLEL TO THE RESERVOIR EDGE AND DO NOT SHAKE THE VEHICLE.
•
Remove the gasket «5».
NOTE
TO REACH THE MAXIMUM LEVEL, TOP-UP UNTIL THE
SIGHT GLASS IS FULLY COVERED BUT LEAVE A 5-6 MM
(0.20-0.23 IN) MARGIN FROM THE RESERVOIR EDGE.
CAUTION
DO NOT EXCEED THE ''MAX'' LEVEL REFERENCE MARK
WHEN TOPPING-UP. TOP-UP TO THE ''MAX'' LEVEL REFERENCE MARK ONLY WHEN NEW PADS ARE FITTED.
WARNING
MAIN - 50
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Maintenance
NEVER FILL THE RESERVOIR UP TO THE "MAX" LEVEL
REFERENCE MARK IF THE PADS ARE WORN; THIS
WOULD CAUSE THE FLUID TO LEAK OUT FROM THE
RESERVOIR WHEN THE NEW PADS ARE FITTED. USE
ONLY THE RECOMMENDED PRODUCT, FROM CLEAN
AND SEALED CONTAINERS. NEVER REUSE OLD BRAKE
FLUID.
•
Top-up the reservoir with brake fluid up
to the ''MAX'' level.
•
Refit gasket «5» correctly in its position.
•
Refit cover guide «4» correctly in its
position.
•
Refit cover «2».
•
Insert and tighten the two screws «1».
•
Refit the front handlebar cover.
CAUTION
AFTER SERVICING BRAKES, ALWAYS CHECK THAT
THEY OPERATE PROPERLY. EXCESSIVE BRAKE LEVER
CLEARANCE OR POOR BRAKING PERFORMANCE MAY
INDICATE THAT CIRCUIT NEEDS PURGING. THIS MAY
ALSO BE DUE TO ANY OTHER PROBLEM IN THE BRAKING SYSTEM.
Headlight adjustment
CAUTION
NEVER USE THE VEHICLE IF THE HEADLAMPS DO NOT
WORK PROPERLY.
NEVER USE THE VEHICLE IF THE HEADLAMPS ARE NOT
CORRECTLY ADJUSTED; YOU MAY DAZZLE THE VEHICLE RIDING TOWARDS YOUR DIRECTION. THIS MAY ALSO REDUCE THE POSSIBILITY OF SEEING AN OBSTACLE
AHEAD OF YOU ON THE ROAD WHEN RIDING AT NIGHT.
IT IS ALWAYS ADVISABLE TO REDUCE SPEED WHEN
RIDING AT NIGHT SO AS TO HAVE ENOUGH TIME TO
AVOID POTENTIAL OBSTACLES AND TO ADAPT YOURSELF TO LOW VISIBILITY CONDITIONS RESULTING
FROM DARKNESS.
FAILURE TO OBSERVE THESE RECOMMENDATIONS
MAY CAUSE A CRASH INTO ANOTHER VEHICLE RESULTING IN SERIOUS INJURIES OR EVEN DEATH.
NOTE
THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED HEREIN COMPLIES WITH
THE ITALIAN STANDARDS REGARDING MAXIMUM
HEIGHT OF THE LIGHT BEAM.
IF THE VEHICLE IS USED IN OTHER COUNTRIES, NATIONAL REGULATIONS MUST BE OBSERVED.
MAIN - 51
Maintenance
For a quick check on correct light beam direction,
place the scooter on level ground, 10 m (32.81 ft)
from a wall.
Turn on the low-beam light, sit on the scooter and
check that the light beam projected to the wall is a
little below the headlight horizontal straight line
(about 9/10 of the total height).
To adjust the light beam:
•
Adjust screw «2» using a screwdriver.
•
Turn the screwdriver clockwise to lift
the light beam.
•
Turn the screwdriver anticlockwise to
lower the light beam.
SAS filters inspection and cleaning
Loosen and remove the three screws «B», the
cover of the secondary air housing and the filtering
element made of sponge «C».
Wash the filter with water and neutral soap, then
dry with a clean cloth and short blasts of compressed air.
While cleaning the filter, check the condition of the
reed valve «D», and fit it back in place on the
housing.
Before closing the cover of the SAS housing,
check the good condition of the sealing O-ring; replace it, if damaged or deformed.
NOTE
The reed valve can be inserted in one direction only on the
SAS housing
MAIN - 52
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
INDEX OF TOPICS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
ELE SYS
Electrical system
KEY:
1. Multiple connectors
2. Instrument panel
3. License plate lamp installation
4. Instrument panel lighting bulb
5. Front left turn indicator
6. High-/low-beam bulb
ELE SYS - 54
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
7. Fuel gauge
8. Horn
9. Left light switch
10.Key switch
11.Right light switch
12.Front stop switch
13.Rear stop switch
14.Fuel level sensor
15.Automatic starter
16.Resistor
17.Left rear turn indicator
18.Tail light assembly
19.Rear right turn indicator
20.Voltage regulator
21.Alternator
22.Pick-up
23.Start-up relay
24.STARTER MOTOR
25.26.Battery
27.Main fuses
28.Auxiliary fuses
29.Light logic relay
30.Carburettor heater
31.Engine temperature sensor
32.Coil
33.Spark plug
34.Secondary air
35.ECU Diagnosis
36.ECU
37.Front right turn indicator
CABLE COLOURS
Ar orange
Az sky blue
B blue
Bi white
G yellow
Gr grey
ELE SYS - 55
Electrical system
M brown
N black
R red
V green
Vi purple
Ro pink
Components arrangement
KEY:
1. Voltage regulator
2. Left light switch
3. Horn
4. Left front turn indicator (RY10W 12V)
5 Rear brake stop light switch
6. Battery
7. Fuses
8. Left rear turn indicator bulb (RY10W 12V)
9. Spark plug
10. Rear tail/stop light bulb
11. High-/low-beam bulb (35/35W 12V)
12. Control unit
13. Diagnostics socket
ELE SYS - 56
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
14. Solenoid
15. Starter motor
KEY:
16.Start-up relay
17.High voltage coil
18. Pick-up
19. Turn indicators
20. Right front turn indicator (RY10W 12V)
21. Key switch
22. Front brake stop light switch
23. Instrument panel
24. Fuel level sensor
25.Right rear turn indicator bulb (RY10W 12V)
26. Alternator
27. Right light switch
ELE SYS - 57
Electrical system
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Ground points
Ground point on engine
•
Remove the tail fairing to reach it.
Ground point on chassis
•
Remove the footrests to reach it.
Electrical system installation
Motorcycle division
The wiring distribution is subdivided in two essential sections, as indicated in the figure.
ELE SYS - 58
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
1. Front section
2. Rear section
Front side
A - Cable harness routing to the steering area
1 - Clamp
ELE SYS - 59
Electrical system
Back side
A - Cable harness routing to the engine
B - Cable harness routing to the chassis area
1 - Clamp
2 - Air solenoid positioning
ELE SYS - 60
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
3 - Clamp (optional)
4 - Mudguard crest
ELE SYS - 61
Electrical system
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
5 - WARNING Fit the connector completely until an end of stroke "click" is heard.
ELE SYS - 62
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
6 - Engine head temperature cable routing.
Correct fitting of the cap.
ELE SYS - 63
Electrical system
Layout of the relay and fuses.
ELE SYS - 64
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
7 - Fuel level cable routing
Checks and inspections
ELE SYS - 65
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
Ignition circuit
All the control operations of the system that require the disconnection of cables (checks of the connections and the devices making up the ignition circuit) must be done with the engine off: if this is not done,
the control unit might be irretrievably damaged.
In case the cause of ignition failure or malfunction
cannot be easily identified at sight, first of all replace the control unit by another one in operating
conditions.
Remember that disconnection due to replacement
of the central unit must be done with the engine
off.
If after replacement the vehicle starts properly, the
control unit is failing and must be replaced.
If the failure persists, check the alternator and the
stator components as follows:
After a sight control of the electrical connections,
use a specific tester to measure the stator winding
and the pick-up (see table).
If checks on the loading coil and pick-up show failures, replace the stator and the failing components.
Disconnect the connector on the flywheel cover
and measure the resistance between either contact and the earth.
Specific tooling
020331Y Digital multimeter
PICK-UP CHECK
1
Specification
1) Brown cable and ground
1
Specification
1) Black cable and ground
Desc./Quantity
~ 170 Ω
STATOR WINDING CHECK
ELE SYS - 66
Desc./Quantity
~1Ω
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
No spark plug
Once the lack of power to the spark plug has been
detected and the LED indicates it can be ignited,
follow this procedure:
- Pick-Up Check.
Disconnect the electronic starter connector and
check continuity between terminal No. 3 (Brown)
and terminal No. 4 (Blue).
The check includes the Pick-Up and its power line.
If a break in the circuit is found, check again the
flywheel and the engine ground connectors. If nonconforming values are measured, replace the
Pick-Up; otherwise, repair the cable harness.
Electric characteristic
Pick-up resistance
approximately 170 Ohm
HV primary coil check
Disconnect the electronic starter connector and
check continuity between terminal No. 3 (White/
Purple) and terminal No. 1 (Black/White) (see figure).
If non-conforming values are measured, check
again the HV primary coil directly on the positive
and negative terminals.
If the values are correct, repair the cable harness
or reset the connections; otherwise, replace the
HV coil
Electric characteristic
HV primary coil resistance
ELE SYS - 67
Electrical system
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
0.5 - 0.6 ohm
- HV secondary coil check
Disconnect the spark plug cap from the HV cable and measure the resistance between the HV cable
terminal and the HV coil negative terminal (see figure).
If non-conforming values are measured, replace the HV coil. To carry out a more complete diagnosis,
check the peak voltage with the multimeter adaptor.
Specific tooling
020409Y Multimeter adaptor - Peak voltage detection
Electric characteristic
HV secondary coil resistance
3000 - 3600 ohm
- Pick-up
Disconnect the ECU connector and connect the
positive terminal to connector No. 3 (Brown) and
the negative terminal to connector No. 4 (Blue).
Use the start-up system to run the engine and
measure the voltage produced by the Pick-Up.
Replace the Pick-Up if non-conforming values are
measured.
NOTE
THE MULTIMETER MUST BE SELECTED TO DETECT
CONTINUOUS VOLTAGE.
Electric characteristic
Pick-Up voltage value
Pick-Up voltage value: > 2 Volt
ELE SYS - 68
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
- HV coil
With the electronic starter and the HV coil connected to the system, measure the voltage of the coil
primary during the start-up test with the voltage
peak adaptor and by connecting the positive terminal to the ground lead and the negative terminal
to the coil positive connector.
Replace the control unit if non-conforming values
are measured.
THE POSITIVE TERMINAL OF THE HV COIL PRIMARY IS
BLACK.
Electric characteristic
Coil voltage value - high voltage
Coil voltage value - high voltage: > 100 Volt
Stator check
- Using a tester, check the resistance between the
brown-ground and black-ground terminal.
NOTE
THE VALUES ARE STATED AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
A CHECK WITH THE STATOR AT OPERATING TEMPERATURE MAY RESULT IN VALUES HIGHER THAN THOSE
STATED.
Electric characteristic
Stator: Brown - ground
~ 170 Ω (Pick-Up)
Stator: Black - ground
~ 1 Ω (Stator)
Voltage regulator check
A malfunction in the voltage regulator may cause the following problems depending on the type of
failure:
1) Bulbs burned out (regulator in short circuit).
2) Malfunction of the lighting system and the electric starter (regulator interrupted).
3) Battery not recharging.
4) Turn indicators not working.
The regulator is earthed through the electrical system, so the regulator body does not earth the circuits
inside the regulator.
There must be insulation between each regulator terminal and the regulator body (use the tester to
check electric resistance).
ELE SYS - 69
Electrical system
2) LIGHTS AND STARTER NOT WORKING
Gain access to the voltage regulator by removing
the plastic cover on the legshield; start the engine
and keep running it at idle speed.
Connect the tester positive probe to terminal No.
1 (Green) and the negative probe to terminal No.
2 (Black); check if there is voltage.
If there is voltage, check that the light remote control and its excitation line, coming from the electronic starter (Purple/Black PIN 7 - Brown PIN 3)
work properly. Check the cable harness from the
light switch to the remote control and whether the
switch works properly.
If no voltage is detected, try connecting the negative probe directly to ground; if voltage is detected
with this operation, check the ground wiring of the
regulator; otherwise, replace the regulator because it is failing.
As a last check, measure the voltage supplied by
the stator:
-Disconnect the regulator connector and place a
tester to detect alternating voltage between the
Yellow/Black cable (4) and the ground connection
(see figure).
- Voltage supplied at 2000 rpm must be about 25
- 35V.
If no value is obtained even with this test, replace
the regulator because it is obviously failing.
NOTE
TO MEASURE THE ABOVE VOLTAGE, USE AN ANALOGUE TESTER THAT CAN MEASURE ALTERNATING
VOLTAGES AND KEEP THE ENGINE AT IDLE TO HAVE AN
ALTERNATING VOLTAGE WITH A FREQUENCY AS
CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO 50HZ SO AS TO DETECT THE
EFFICIENT VOLTAGE VALUE SUPPLIED BY THE REGULATOR (ABOUT 12V).
ELE SYS - 70
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
Recharge system voltage check
3) BATTERY NOT RECHARGING
A failure in the direct current section of the voltage
regulator may cause the following problems, depending on the type of failure:
a) Protection fuse blows due to overvoltage
(regulator in short circuit) and consequently
the battery fails to recharge.
b) Battery fails to recharge (regulator interrupted).
Maintenance operations
a) Protection fuse blows (regulator in short circuit).
Check that the cable harness going from the protection fuse to the key switch is not damaged,
which may cause a short circuit to ground (thus
preventing damaging the regulator).
Afterwards measure the resistance between contact 3 (Green/Orange) and contact 2 (Black) of the
voltage regulator (with connector disconnected)
If the value measured is far from that indicated,
replace the regulator because it is in short circuit.
b) Battery fails to recharge (regulator interrupted).
To check if there is any failure in the voltage regulator recharge section, first connect 2 testers to
the battery (one to detect voltage and the other to
detect current) as indicated in the second figure
and follow the procedure below:
Start the engine (temporarily connect the red cable
to the battery positive terminal in order to avoid
damaging the device that measures current).
Check that there is 13V voltage minimum (battery
charged) and a recharge current of 1,5 - 2A with
the lighting system and the starter disabled. To
disable the lighting system, remove the light remote control.
As the engine rpm increases, the current and the
recharge voltage increase; with rpm over 4000
ELE SYS - 71
Electrical system
there must be a recharge current of about 4.5A; by
enabling both the lighting system, the starter, the
stop light and by supplying power to the horn, the
current values ≥ 5A and a voltage value of 14 14,5V (regulator threshold voltage) can be detected.
If values other than those above are detected,
replace the regulator; otherwise, check the cable harness and the connections.
Electric characteristic
voltage regulator resistance
~ 8 MΩ
Start up system check
To check relay operation:
•
Power supply with a voltage of 12 V
and two male terminals (85 - 86).
•
Using a tester (in ohmmeter function),
check the circuit continuity between
the other two terminals (87 - 30).
Electric characteristic
Correct value with the relay powered:
0Ω
Correct value with the relay not powered:
∞Ω
Power the motor directly with a direct voltage of 12
V.
The motor must turn and make the engine rotate
using a 20 - 25 A current.
If the motor does not turn, check the brushes and
remove them if required.
ELE SYS - 72
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
Turn signals system check
4) TURN INDICATORS NOT WORKING
If the turn indicators do not work, do the following:
- Remove the regulator connector and place the
tester probes between terminal 3 (Green/Orange)
and terminal 2 (Black).
- Turn the key switch to ON and check that there
is voltage on battery. If no voltage is detected, repeat the test now between the orange cable and
the ground lead. If there is no voltage even after
this operation, check the cable harness and the
contacts of the key switch and the battery. Conversely, if battery voltage is detected (black cable),
check the regulator ground cable harness.
- If the above tests have positive results, jump contacts 5 (Blue/Back) and 3 (Green/Orange) on the
connector, set the key switch to ON and turn the
turn indicator switch to the left and right to see
when the lights are steadily on (as they are directly
powered by the battery).
If even after this operation the turn indicators fail
to turn on, check that the cable harness is not
damaged and the switch works properly; if these
last two tests have a positive result, replace the
regulator because it is certainly not functioning
properly.
Specific tooling
020331Y Digital multimeter
Fuses
CAUTION
DO NOT REPAIR FAULTY FUSES.
NEVER USE FUSES OTHER THAN THE ONES SPECIFIED.
A SHORT CIRCUIT MAY DAMAGE THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM OR EVEN CAUSE A FIRE.
NOTE
IF A SPARE FUSE IS USED, SUPPLY ANOTHER OF THE SAME TYPE IN THE CORRESPONDING
FITTING.
ELE SYS - 73
Electrical system
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
To check:
•
Set the ignition switch to «OFF» to
avoid an accidental short circuit.
•
Remove the battery cover.
•
Extract one fuse at a time and check if
filament «2 » is broken.
•
Before replacing the fuse, find and
solve, if possible, the reason that
caused the problem.
•
Then, replace the fuse, if damaged,
with spare fuse <<3>> or with one of
the same current rating.
•
Refit the battery cover.
NOTE
IF A SPARE FUSE IS USED, SUPPLY ANOTHER OF THE
SAME TYPE IN THE CORRESPONDING FITTING.
FUSE DISTRIBUTION
15A Fuse: main fuse.
10A Fuse: control unit
7.5A Fuse: all the electric loads, except for the light circuit fed with alternating current.
Checking the fuses is necessary whenever an
electrical component fails to operate or is malfunctioning or when the engine does not start.
Sealed battery
Installing the sealed battery (without maintenance)
In case the vehicle fits a sealed battery, the maintenance is limited to the loading state and to an eventual
recharge. This operations should be performed in the vehicle pre-delivery phase and every six months
of open circuit storage. Therefore, in addition to pre-delivery it is necessary to check the load and carry
on the eventual recharge before the vehicle storage and, afterwards, every 6 months.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR BATTERY REFRESH AFTER OPEN CIRCUIT STORAGE
1. Voltage check
2.
•
Before installing the battery on the vehicle, check the open circuit voltage with a standard
tester.
•
If voltage is over 12.60V, the battery can be installed without any refresh.
ELE SYS - 74
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Electrical system
If voltage is below 12.60 V, a renewal recharge is required as explained in 2).
3. Constant-voltage battery charge mode
4.
•
Constant-voltage charge equal to 14.40-14.70V
•
Initial charge current equal to 0.3-0.5 of the battery rated capacity
•
Charge time:
•
10 to 12 h recommended Minimum 6 h Maximum 24 h
5. Constant-current battery charge mode
6.
•
Charge current equal to 1/10 of the battery rated capacity
Dry-charge battery
Installing the dry charge battery (with maintenance)
WARNING
BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS POISONOUS AS IT MAY CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS. IT CONTAINS
SULPHURIC ACID. AVOID CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES, SKIN AND CLOTHING. IF IT ACCIDENTALLY COMES INTO CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES OR SKIN, WASH WITH ABUNDANT WATER
FOR APPROX. 15 MIN. AND SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
IF ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED, IMMEDIATELY DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR
MILK FOLLOWED BY MAGNESIUM MILK, BEATEN EGG OR VEGETABLE OIL. SEEK MEDICAL
ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
BATTERIES PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE GASES; KEEP CLEAR OF NAKED FLAMES, SPARKS OR
CIGARETTES; VENTILATE THE AREA WHEN RECHARGING INDOORS.
ALWAYS WEAR EYE PROTECTION WHEN WORKING IN THE PROXIMITY OF BATTERIES.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
•
Remove the short closed tube and the
caps, then pour sulphuric acid into the
cells, using the type specified for batteries, with a specific gravity of 1.26,
corresponding to 30° Bé, at a minimum
temperature of 15°C until the upper
level is reached.
•
Leave to rest for at least 2 hours, then
restore the level with sulphuric acid.
•
Within the following 24 hours, recharge
with the specific battery charger at an
intensity of about 1/10 of the battery
nominal capacity and until the acid
density is about 1.27, corresponding to
31º Bé, and these values are stabilised.
ELE SYS - 75
Electrical system
•
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Once the charge is complete, level the
acid (by adding distilled water). Close
and clean carefully.
•
Once the above operations have been
performed, install the battery on the vehicle ensuring that it is connected properly.
1 Hold the tube upright
2 Inspect visually
3 The float must be freed
Electrolyte level check
The electrolyte level must be checked frequently and must reach the upper level. Only use distilled
water to restore this level. If it is necessary to add water too frequently, check the vehicle electrical
system: the battery works overcharged and is subject to quick wear.
Charge status check
After topping-up the electrolyte level, check its density using an appropriate densitometer.
With the battery charged, a density of 30-32 Bé, corresponding to a specific weight of 1.26-1.28, must
be at a minimum temperature of 15° C.
A density reading below 20° Bé indicates that the battery is completely flat and must therefore be
recharged.
If the vehicle is not be used for a certain time (1 month or more), the battery needs to be recharged
periodically.
The battery runs down completely in about three months. Should the battery be fitted on a vehicle, be
careful not to invert the connections, keeping in mind that the (black) ground wire marked (-) is connected to the - negative terminal while the other two red wires marked (+) are connected to the +
positive terminal.
Battery recharge
WARNING
BEFORE RECHARGING THE BATTERY, REMOVE THE CAPS OF EACH CELL. KEEP NAKED
FLAMES OR SPARKS AWAY FROM THE BATTERY WHILE CHARGING.
First detach the negative terminal before removing the battery from the vehicle.
Normal bench charging must be performed using the special battery charger, setting the battery charge
selector to the type of battery that requires recharging (that is, at a current equal to 1/10 of the battery
rated capacity). Connections to the power supply source must be implemented by connecting corresponding poles (+ to + and - to -).
The battery should always be kept clean, especially its top side, and the terminals should be coated
with petroleum jelly.
ELE SYS - 76
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Electrical system
CAUTION
NEVER USE FUSES WITH A CAPACITY HIGHER THAN THE RECOMMENDED CAPACITY. USING
A FUSE OF UNSUITABLE RATING MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE VEHICLE OR EVEN CAUSE
A FIRE.
CAUTION
ORDINARY DRINKING WATER CONTAINS MINERAL SALTS THAT ARE HARMFUL TO THE BATTERY. CONSEQUENTLY, ONLY USE DISTILLED WATER.
CAUTION
TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE, THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED BEFORE USE.
INADEQUATE CHARGING OF THE BATTERY BEFORE BEING PUT INTO OPERATION SHORTENS BATTERY LIFE.
Connectors
ELECTRONIC STARTER
SECTION "A"
1. HV COIL CONTROL
2. KEY SWITCH CONTACTS TO GROUND
3. HV COIL POSITIVE
SECTION "B"
1. KEY POSITIVE
2. STARTER POWER SUPPLY
3. PICK-UP SIGNAL
4. GROUND
5. SOLENOID VALVE
6. NTC TEMPERATURE SENSOR
7. LIGHT REMOTE CONTROL
8. DIAGNOSIS SOCKET
ELE SYS - 77
Electrical system
Voltage regulator
1. LIGHTING SYSTEM POWER SUPPLY (alternating)
2. GROUND
3. BATTERY POSITIVE
4. FROM FLYWHEEL (alternating)
5. TURN INDICATORS
ELE SYS - 78
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE FROM VEHICLE
ENG VE
Engine from vehicle
Exhaust assy. Removal
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
CAUTION
BEFORE CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS, LET THE ENGINE AND THE SILENCER TO COOL
OFF AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE TO AVOID POTENTIAL
BURNS.
•
Unscrew and remove the screws «1».
•
Unscrew and remove the screws «2».
•
Remove the silencer.
Removal of the engine from the vehicle
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the tail fairing.
•
Take out the spark plug tube.
•
Remove the air filter housing and the
splash guard.
•
Disconnect the electrical connector
«1» and the ground lead «2» from the
starter motor and the alternator connector «3» and release the cable harnesses.
ENG VE - 80
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Engine from vehicle
Remove the anti-ice carburettor connector «14».
•
Disconnect the engine starter connector «4» and release the cable harness.
•
Remove the vacuum pipe «5» and the
engine head temperature sensor «8».
•
Disconnect the fuel pipe «6» and the
solenoid pipe «13» from the carburettor.
ENG VE - 81
Engine from vehicle
•
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Remove the throttle grip cable «7»
from the carburettor by acting on the
adjuster screws.
•
Unscrew the rear brake set screw «9»
and the two screws «10» and free the
brake cable.
•
Loosen and remove the lower screw
«11» of the rear shock absorber with
the washer.
•
Turn the shock absorber and fix it to the
chassis.
CAUTION
SUPPORT THE SCOOTER FIRMLY.
•
Unscrew and remove the engine pivotlink rod nut «12» and the corresponding washer.
CAUTION
BEFORE REMOVING THE ENGINE FULCRUM - LINK ROD
PIN, SUPPORT THE SCOOTER ADEQUATELY TO PREVENT IT FROM FALLING.
•
Operating on the chassis, lift the vehicle rear part.
•
Slide off the engine pivot-link rod nut with the relevant washer completely.
•
Slide off the engine towards the back.
ENG VE - 82
INDEX OF TOPICS
ENGINE
ENG
Engine
Automatic transmission
Transmission cover
- Remove the 12 fixing screws.
- Remove the oil filler plug and slide off the cover.
If this operation is carried out directly on the scooter, remove the transmission cooling sleeve and
the air filter housing clamps.
NOTE
TO REMOVE THE COVER, USE A MALLET ON THE APPROPRIATE SUPPLEMENTS.
Kickstart
-To remove the start-up pinion push the starter
lever to facilitate extracting the pinion.
- Remove the kick-starter screw and lever.
- Remove the Seeger ring and the washer indicated in the figure.
- Slide off the toothed sector.
WARNING
THE SECTION KEEPS THE SPRING SET, BE CAREFUL SO
AS NOT TO CAUSE ANY ACCIDENTS
Air duct
- To remove the intake throat on the transmission
cover, just remove the three fixing screws indicated in the figure.
ENG - 84
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removing the driven pulley shaft bearing
- Slightly heat the crankshaft from the inside to
avoid damaging the coated surface. With the help
of the driven pulley shaft or a pin of the same diameter to remove the bearing.
NOTE
IN CASE OF DIFFICULTY, USE A GENERAL EXTRACTOR
FOR 8 MM INSIDE DIAMETERS.
Refitting the driven pulley shaft bearing
Refit the bearing with the aid of a bushing with the same diameter as the bearing external plate, after
slightly heating the crankcase from the inside.
NOTE
ALWAYS REPLACE THE BEARING WITH A NEW ONE AT EVERY REFIT
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING/REFITTING THE BEARING, TAKE CARE NOT TO DAMAGE THE COVER
PAINTED SURFACE.
Removing the driven pulley
- Lock the clutch bell with the specific tool.
- Remove the nut, the clutch bell and the whole
driven pulley assembly.
NOTE
THE ASSEMBLY CAN ALSO BE REMOVED EVEN IF THE
DRIVING PULLEY IS MOUNTED.
Specific tooling
AP8140715 Half-rings
ENG - 85
Engine
Inspecting the clutch drum
- Make sure that the clutch bell is not worn or damaged.
- Measure the clutch bell inside diameter.
Characteristic
Clutch bell diameter/standard value
Ø 107+0.2 +0 mm
Clutch bell diameter/max. value allowed after
use
Ø 107.5 mm
Eccentricity measured /max.
0.20 mm
Inspecting the clutch
- Check the thickness of the clutch mass friction
material.
- The masses must exhibit no traces of lubricants;
in that case, check the driven pulley unit seals.
NOTE
UPON RUNNING-IN, THE MASSES MUST EXHIBIT A CENTRAL FAYING SURFACE AND MUST NOT BE DIFFERENT
FROM ONE ANOTHER.
DIFFERENT CONDITIONS MAY CAUSE CLUTCH TEARING.
CAUTION
DO NOT USE TOOLS TO OPEN THE MASSES TO AVOID
VARIATION IN THE RETURN SPRING LOAD.
Characteristic
Check minimum thickness
1 mm
Removing the clutch
- Equip the tool with long pins screwed from outside into position «A», fit the driven pulley assembly to the tool and have the central screw make
contact.
CAUTION
THE TOOL WILL GET DEFORMED IF THE CENTRAL
SCREW IS TIGHTENED IN EXCESS.
ENG - 86
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Use a 34 mm box-spanner to remove the clutch
locking nut.
- Loosen the central screw by releasing the spring
of the driven pulley assembly.
- Separate the components.
Specific tooling
020444Y Tool for fitting/removing the clutch on
the driven pulley
Pin retaining collar
- Remove the collar with the aid of 2 screwdrivers.
- Remove the 3 guide pins and the movable halfpulley.
Removing the driven half-pulley bearing
- Remove the roller bearing with the special extractor fitted on the lower side of the fixed halfpulley.
CAUTION
POSITION THE HOLDING EDGE OF THE EXTRACTION PLIERS BETWEEN THE END OF THE BEARING AND THE
BUILT-IN SEALING RING.
Specific tooling
001467Y029 Bell for 38-mm outside diameter
bearings
ENG - 87
Engine
- Remove the ball bearing retaining circlip.
- Extract the ball bearing from the clutch housing
side using the specific tool.
NOTE
PROPERLY SUPPORT THE HALF-PULLEY SO AS NOT TO
DEFORM THE SLIDING SURFACE OF THE DRIVING BELT
Specific tooling
020376Y Adapter handle
020363Y 20 mm guide
Inspecting the driven fixed half-pulley
- Check that there are no signs of wear on the belt
work surface. If there are, replace the half-pulley.
- Make sure the bearings do not show signs of abnormal wear.
- Measure the outside diameter of the pulley bushing.
Characteristic
Fixed driven half-pulley/ Standard diameter
Ø 33.965 - 33.985 mm
Fixed driven half-pulley / Minimum diameter allowed after use
Ø 33.96 mm
Inspecting the driven sliding half-pulley
- Remove the 2 inner sealing rings and the 2 Orings.
- Measure the inside diameter of the movable halfpulley bushing.
Characteristic
Movable driven half-pulley/ Maximum diameter
allowed
Ø 34.08 mm
ENG - 88
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Check the belt faying surfaces.
- Fit the new oil seals and O-rings on the movable
half-pulley.
- Fit the half-pulley on the bushing.
Recommended products
AGIP GREASE SM 2 Grease for C-ring of the
tone wheel
Soap-based lithium grease with NLGI 2 molybdenum disulphide; ISO-L-XBCHB2, DIN KF2K-20
- Make sure the pins and collar are not worn, refit the pins and the collar.
- Using a curved-spout grease gun, lubricate the driven pulley unit with approximately 6 g of grease.
Apply the grease through one of the holes in the bushing until grease comes out through the hole on
the opposite side. This procedure is necessary to prevent the presence of grease beyond the O-rings.
Recommended products
AGIP GREASE SM 2 Grease for C-ring of the tone wheel
Soap-based lithium grease with NLGI 2 molybdenum disulphide; ISO-L-XBCHB2, DIN KF2K-20
Refitting the driven half-pulley bearing
- Fit a new ball bearing with the specific tool.
- Fit the ball bearing snap ring.
- Fit the new roller bearing with the words facing
the outside.
CAUTION
PROPERLY SUPPORT THE HALF-PULLEY TO PREVENT
DAMAGING THE THREADED END WHILE THE BEARINGS
ARE BEING FITTED.
Specific tooling
020376Y Adapter handle
020456Y Ø24 mm adaptor
020362Y 12 mm guide
020171Y Punch for ø 17 mm roller bearing
ENG - 89
Engine
Inspecting the clutch spring
- Check that the driven pulley supporting spring is
not deformed
- Measure the unloaded spring length
Characteristic
Standard length
118 mm
Minimum length allowed after use
XXXX
- Check the thickness of the clutch mass friction
material.
- The masses must not show traces of lubricants;
otherwise, check the driven pulley unit.
NOTE
UPON RUNNING-IN, THE MASSES MUST SHOW A CENTRAL FAYING SURFACE AND MUST NOT BE DIFFERENT
FROM ONE ANOTHER. DIFFERENT CONDITIONS MAY
CAUSE CLUTCH TEARING.
CAUTION
DO NOT OPEN THE MASSES USING TOOLS SO AS TO
PREVENT A VARIATION IN THE RETURN SPRING LOAD.
Characteristic
Minimum thickness allowed:
1 mm
Refitting the clutch
- Pre-assemble the driven pulley unit with spring,
sheath and clutch.
- Position the spring with the sheath
- Fit the components to the tool and preload the
spring being careful not to damage the plastic
sheath and the end of the threaded shank.
ENG - 90
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Refit the clutch lock-nut and tighten to the prescribed torque.
CAUTION
USE A BOX-SPANNER WITH SMALL CHAMFER SO AS
NOT TO DAMAGE THE CLUTCH NUT.
CAUTION
POSITION THE NON-CHAMFERED SURFACE OF THE NUT
IN CONTACT WITH THE CLUTCH
Locking torques (N*m)
Clutch nut 55 - 60
Refitting the driven pulley
- Refit the driven pulley assembly, clutch bell and
nut using the specific tool.
Specific tooling
020565Y Flywheel lock calliper spanner
Locking torques (N*m)
Driven pulley shaft nut 40 - 44 Nm
Drive-belt
- Make sure the driving belt is not damaged and
does not have cracks in the toothed grooves.
- Check belt for correct width.
Characteristic
Driving belt/ Minimum width:
17.5 mm
ENG - 91
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Removing the driving pulley
- Lock the driving pulley using the specific tool.
- Remove the central nut plus the washer, remove
the drive and the plastic fan.
- Remove the fixed half-pulley.
- Remove the belt, the limiting washer and slide off the movable half-pulley with its bushing, being careful
that the rollers and supporting plate fitted loosely on it do not come off.
Specific tooling
020451Y starting sprocket lock
Inspecting the rollers case
1) Check that the bushing and the sliding rings of
the movable pulley do not show signs of scoring or
deformation.
2) Check the roller running tracks on the contact
pulley; there must be no signs of wear; check the
state of the faying surface of the belt on the halfpulleys (movable and fixed).
3) Check that the rollers do not show signs of
marked facets on the sliding surface and that the
metal insert does not come protrude from the plastic shell borders.
4) Check the integrity of the sliding blocks of the
contact plate.
- Check that the internal bushing shown in the figure does not show signs of abnormal wear and
measure the inside diameter «A».
- Measure the outside diameter «B» of the pulley
sliding bushing shown in the figure.
CAUTION
DO NOT LUBRICATE OR CLEAN THE BUSHING.
Characteristic
Driving pulley / Max. diameter
ENG - 92
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
20.12 mm
Driving pulley/ Standard diameter:
20.021 mm
Driving pulley bushing/ Minimum diameter:
19.95 mm
Driving pulley bushing/ Standard diameter:
20 -0.020/-0.041 mm
Refitting the driving pulley
- Manually detach the movable driven half-pulley
by pulling it towards the clutch unit; fit the belt observing the direction of rotation of the initial assembly.
NOTE
IT IS GOOD PRACTICE TO ALWAYS FIT THE BELT WITH
THE WORDS FACING THE OUTSIDE UNLESS AN ASSEMBLY DIRECTION IS INDICATED.
- Refit the unit components (roller housing unit with
bushing, limiting washer, fixed half-pulley, cooling
fan, belt with drive, washer and nut).
- Tighten the lock nut to the prescribed torque so
that the driving pulley does not rotate, using the
specific tool.
NOTE
REPLACE THE NUT WITH A NEW ONE AT EVERY REFIT.
CAUTION
WHEN FIXING THE DRIVING PULLEY UNIT, THE BELT
MUST BE FREE INSIDE IN ORDER TO AVOID A WRONG
TIGHTENING THAT MAY RESULT IN SUBSEQUENT DAMAGE OF THE CRANKSHAFT KNURLING.
Specific tooling
020451Y starting sprocket lock
Locking torques (N*m)
Driving pulley nut 40 - 44
ENG - 93
Engine
Refitting the transmission cover
- Check the following for wear: toothed section,
toothed section shaft, cover bushing, pinion shaft
and its seating in the crankcase and the return
spring.
- Replace the damaged components.
- Grease the spring.
- Remove the toothed sector by loading the spring
with an appropriate tool.
- Refit the washer, the Seeger ring and the Kickstarter lever.
Recommended products
AGIP GREASE MU3 Driving gear odometer
case grease
Lithium soap grease, NLGI 3 ISO-L-XBCHA3, DIN
K3K-20
- Fit the pinion in its seating by pushing the start-up lever.
- Fit the inlet throat and tighten the 3 screws.
- Make sure the oil sump presents alignment dowels and sealing gaskets.
- Replace the cover by tightening the 12 screws to
the prescribed torque.
- Refit the oil filling cap.
Locking torques (N*m)
Transmission cover screws 11 - 13 Nm
End gear
ENG - 94
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removing the hub cover
• Remove the transmission cover.
• Remove the clutch assembly
• Drain the rear hub oil.
• Remove the 5 screws indicated in the figure.
• Remove the hub cover together with the driven
pulley shaft.
See also
Removing the wheel axle
- Remove the intermediate gear and the wheel
axle together with the gear.
- Upon removing the intermediate gear pay attention to the respective shim washers.
Removing the wheel axle bearings
- Remove the oil seal and the Seeger ring.
- Using the appropriate punch, remove the bearing
by pushing from the outside towards the inside of
the gear compartment.
Specific tooling
020363Y 20 mm guide
020376Y Adapter handle
020358Y 37 x 40 mm adaptor
ENG - 95
Engine
Removing the driven pulley shaft bearing
- Remove the Seeger ring inside the cover.
- Remove the oil seal from the outer side.
- Remove the two alignment dowels and position
the cover on a surface.
- Position the specific tool on the bearing internal
track and remove said bearing with the aid of a
press.
Specific tooling
020452Y Pipe to remove and refit the driven
pulley shaft
- Position the specific pipe on the internal track of
the bearing and on the pulley shaft toothing side
as indicated in the figure and expel the driven pulley shaft with the aid of a press.
Specific tooling
020452Y Pipe to remove and refit the driven
pulley shaft
Inspecting the hub shaft
- Check the three shafts for wear or distortions on
the toothed surfaces, on the bearing housings and
the oil seal positions.
- In faults are found, replace the damaged parts.
- Check capacity (A) of the transmission gear
(wear, deformations, etc.)
- Check the pulley shaft seat: Superficial wear (B)
may indicate irregularities in the crankcase seats
or in the pulley shaft housing
Inspecting the hub cover
- Check that the coupling surface is not dented or distorted.
- If faults are found, replace the hub cover.
ENG - 96
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Refitting the driven pulley shaft bearing
- Support the inner track of the bearing from the
outside of the hub cover with the specific tool positioned under the press and insert the driven pulley
shaft.
- Refit the oil seal flush with the cover.
Specific tooling
020452Y Pipe to remove and refit the driven
pulley shaft
• Heat the hub cover and insert the bearing using
the specific punch.
• Fit the circlip with the concave or radial part on
the bearing side.
NOTE
FIT THE BALL BEARING WITH THE SHIELDING FACING
THE OIL SEAL
Specific tooling
020151Y Air heater
020376Y Adapter handle
020439Y 17 mm guide
020358Y 37 x 40 mm adaptor
Refitting the wheel axle bearing
- Heat the transmissionside crankcase half using
a heat gun.
- After lubricating its outer plate, insert the bearing
using the special adapter and with the aid of a
mallet.
- Refit the Seeger ring and the oil seal using the 42
x 47 mm adapter and the handle.
Specific tooling
020151Y Air heater
020376Y Adapter handle
020363Y 20 mm guide
020359Y 42 x 47-mm adaptor
ENG - 97
Engine
Refitting the ub cover
- Refit the whole wheel axle.
- Refit the intermediate gear paying attention to
both shim washers.
- Apply LOCTITE 510 for surfaces to the hub cover
and refit it together with the driven pulley shaft.
- Remove the 5 screws and tighten them to the
prescribed torque.
NOTE
BEFORE APPLYING NEW SEALANT, WIPE OFF ANY REMAINING OLD SEALANT FROM THE FAYING SURFACES
OF THE HUB COVER AND THE HALF CRANKCASE.
Locking torques (N*m)
Locking torque: 11 - 13 Nm
Flywheel cover
Cooling hood
- Remove the manifold and the carburettor by undoing the 2 fixing screws on the head
- Remove the fastening clamp of the secondary air
pipe and disconnect the pipe
- Remove the 4 front coupling screws (1 of them is
a knob) and the side fixing screws at the crankcase
base.
- Remove the 4 side screws.
- Remove the 3 covers - Remove the cover sealing
gaskets on the head
- For refitting, repeat the removal steps but in reverse order
CAUTION
TAKE CARE TO CORRECTLY PLACE THE FLYWHEEL
CONNECTOR.
NOTE
WHEN REFITTING THE COVER, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO
DAMAGE THE STATOR ELECTRICAL CABLE HARNESS.
ENG - 98
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Cooling fan
- Remove the cooling fan by undoing the 3 screws
that fix it to the rotor
- When refitting the fan, pay attention that the
screw holes in the fan and the rotor coincide, then
tighten the screws to the prescribed torque.
Removing the stator
- Remove the two Pick-Up screws and the 2 stator
fixing screws shown in the figure.
- Remove the stator and its cable harness.
ENG - 99
Engine
Refitting the stator
- Refit the stator and the flywheel carrying out the
removal steps but in reverse order, tightening the
retainers to the prescribed torque.
NOTE
THE PICK-UP WIRE MUST BE POSITIONED ADHERING TO
THE FUSION TONGUE ON THE CRANKSHAFT IN SUCH A
WAY AS TO AVOID BEING CRUSHED BY THE FAN COVER
UNIT.
Locking torques (N*m)
Pick-up screws 3 - 4 Stator screws 3 - 4
Flywheel and starting
Removing the starter motor
- Undo the two screws on the power positive contact and disconnect the cable
- Undo the 2 screws fixing the starter motor to the
crankcase and collect the power cable harness.
ENG - 100
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removing the flywheel magneto
- Lock the flywheel rotation using the calliper spanner.
- Remove the nut.
CAUTION
USING A CALLIPER SPANNER OTHER THAN THE ONE
SUPPLIED COULD DAMAGE THE STATOR COILS.
- Take out the flywheel with the extractor.
Specific tooling
020565Y Flywheel lock calliper spanner
020162Y Flywheel extractor
Inspecting the flywheel components
- Check that the flywheel internal magnetos are in
good conditions.
- Check that the flywheel riveted joints are correctly
tightened.
- Check there are no deformations that may cause
rubbing on the stator and the Pick-Up.
- Check that the stator winding, its ferromagnetic
support and the pick-up are in good conditions.
ENG - 101
Engine
Starter gear rim
- Check the toothing is level and in good conditions
Intermediate gear
- Check that the keying toothing on the sprocket
and the starter motor are in good conditions.
- Check that the Bendix opens and returns adequately.
Refitting the flywheel magneto
- Refit the stator and the pick-up being careful to
thread the wirings through the appropriate crankcase couplings.
- Refit the flywheel on the crankshaft being careful
to respect the keying, then lock rotation with the
specific tool and tighten the nut to the prescribed
torque.
NOTE
A VARIATION IN THE AIR GAP DISTANCE MAY RESULT
IN A VARIATION IN THE IGNITION ADVANCE SUCH AS TO
CAUSE PINKING, HEAD KNOCKING, ETC.
Specific tooling
020565Y Flywheel lock calliper spanner
Locking torques (N*m)
Flywheel nut 52 - 58
ENG - 102
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Refitting the starter motor
- Install the starter motor in its position in the crankcase.
- Tighten the screw on the head side but do not
lock it; screw the other screw fitting the (black)
ground lead. Then tighten the 2 screws to the prescribed torque.
- Tighten the (red) positive lead fixing screw on the
side contact.
NOTE
REFIT THE REMAINING PARTS AS DESCRIBED IN THE
CHAPTERS ON CYLINDER HEAD, TIMING SYSTEM, LUBRICATION, FLYWHEEL AND TRANSMISSION.
Locking torques (N*m)
Starter motor screws 11 - 13
Cylinder assy. and timing system
Removing the rocker-arms cover
- Remove the cooling covers
- Remove the 4 tappet cover retainers
- Remove the cover plus the O-Ring
- Remove the 3 screws and then remove the Blowby cover
- Clean the nozzle labyrinth and the membrane
(replace it, if required), then refit the unit to the
cover.
ENG - 103
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Removing the timing system drive
- First loosen the tensioner central screw and then
remove it together with the spring.
- Unscrew the 2 retainers indicated in the figure
and remove the chain tightener support being
careful to collect the sealing gasket.
NOTE
SHOULD THE GASKET NOT BE IN GOOD CONDITIONS,
CLEANING THE FAYING SURFACES THOROUGHLY TO
AVOID ENGINE OIL LEAKS AND REPLACE THE GASKET
- Remove the driving pulley
- Remove the oil pump chain
- Remove the tappet cover
- Remove the central screw and the belleville
washer indicated in the figure; lock the camshaft
sprocket with the specific tool.
NOTE
TO FACILITATE REMOVING THE HEAD COMPONENTS,
SET THE CRANKSHAFT TO THE TIMING POINT (TDC OF
THE COMPRESSION END).
Specific tooling
020565Y Flywheel lock calliper spanner
- Remove the camshaft control pulley and the shim washer below.
- Remove the pinion of the crankshaft timing system control
- To remove the chain lower guiding pad, remove it from the head by pulling upwards
NOTE
IT IS ADVISABLE TO MARK THE CHAIN IN ORDER TO ENSURE THAT THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS MAINTAINED.
See also
ENG - 104
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removing the cam shaft
- Remove the rocking lever pin clamping screw indicated in the figure.
- Remove the Seeger ring clamping the camshaft
bearing.
- Remove the pins and the rocking levers.
- Remove the calibrated pads
NOTE
MARK THE ROCKING LEVERS FITTING POSITION IN ORDER TO AVOID MISPLACING THE INTAKE AND EXHAUST
ENDS.
- Remove the camshaft and the bearing using the
specific tool shown in the figure.
- Take out the camshaft bearing with the aid of the
specific tool, being careful to mount one screw on
the camshaft in order to protect the camshaft
thread.
NOTE
IF A BEARING DETACHES FROM THE CAMSHAFT, IT IS
ESSENTIAL TO FIT A NEW BEARING.
Specific tooling
020450Y Tool for fitting/removing the camshaft
004499Y Shaft bearing extractor
004499Y001 Bell for bearing extractor
004499Y002 Screw for bearing extractor
004499Y006 Ring for bearing extractor
004499Y027 part for the bearing extractor
ENG - 105
Engine
Removing the cylinder head
- Remove the cooling covers, timing system control, camshaft and rocking levers.
- Remove the spark plug.
- Remove the 2 side retainers indicated in the figure.
- Loosen the 4 head-cylinder fixing nuts in two or
three stages and in a criss-cross sequence.
- Remove the head, the 2 alignment dowels and
the gasket.
NOTE
IF NEEDED, THE HEAD MAY BE REMOVED WITH THE
CAMSHAFT, PINS AND ROCKING LEVERS WITHOUT REMOVING THE DRIVING PULLEY UNIT. REMEMBER TO
HOLD THE TIMING CHAIN WITH A PIECE OF METAL WIRE
AND ADJUST THE CHAIN TIGHTENER UPON REFITTING.
Removing the valves
- Using the appropriate tool equipped with the
component in the figure, remove the cotters, washers and springs of the valves.
- Remove the oil seals with the specific tool.
Specific tooling
020431Y Valve oil seal extractor
020382Y Tool for removing valve cotters fitted
with part 012
ENG - 106
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removing the cylinder - piston assy.
- Remove the cylinder paying attention to the 2
cylinder alignment dowels on the crankcase.
- Remove the gasket on the cylinder base.
- To avoid damaging the piston, keep it firm while
removing the cylinder.
- Remove the 2 retainer rings, the pin and piston.
- Remove the 3 piston rings.
NOTE
BE CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE PISTON RINGS
WHEN REMOVING THEM.
Inspecting the small end
- Measure the inside diameter of the connecting
rod small end using a specific micrometer.
NOTE
IF THE CONNECTING ROD SMALL END DIAMETER EXCEEDS THE MAXIMUM DIAMETER ALLOWED, SHOWS
SIGNS OF WEAR OR OVERHEATING, REPLACE THE
CRANKSHAFT AS DESCRIBED IN THE "CRANKCASE
AND CRANKSHAFT" CHAPTER.
Characteristic
Max. diameter allowed: checking the connecting rod small end
13.030 mm
Standard diameter: checking the connecting
rod small end
13+0.025 +0.015 mm
ENG - 107
Engine
Inspecting the wrist pin
- Check the pin outside diameter
Characteristic
Standard diameter: pin
13-0 -0.004 mm
Minimum diameter allowed: pin
12.990 mm
Inspecting the piston
- Measure the diameter of the bearings on the piston.
Characteristic
Pin seat diameter
13 +0.005 +0.010 mm
- Carefully clean the sealing rings housings.
- Measure the sealing rings - pistons coupling
clearance using suitable sensors, as shown in the
diagram
- If clearances measured exceed the limits specified in the table below, the piston should be replaced by a new one.
NOTE
MEASURE CLEARANCE BY INSERTING THE BLADE OF
THE FEELER GAUGE FROM THE 2nd SEALING RING
SIDE.
Fitting clearance
1st compression ring - standard coupling
clearance 0.03 - 0.065 mm 1st compression ring maximum clearance allowed after use 0.07 mm
2nd compression ring - standard coupling
clearance 0.02 - 0.055 mm 2nd compression ring maximum clearance allowed after use 0.06 mm
oil scraper - standard coupling clearance 0.04 0.16 mm oil scraper - maximum clearance allowed after use 0.17 mm
ENG - 108
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Inspecting the cylinder
- Using a bore meter, measure the cylinder inside
diameter at three different points according to the
directions shown in the figure.
- Check that the coupling surface with the head is
not worn or distorted.
- Pistons and cylinders are classified according to
their diameter. This coupling is carried out in pairs
(A-A, B-B, C-C, D-D).
Characteristic
Maximum run-out allowed:
0.05 mm
Inspecting the piston rings
- Alternately fit the 3 sealing rings in the cylinder in the area where it keeps its original diameter. Using
the piston, fit the rings perpendicularly to the cylinder axis.
- Measure the opening of the sealing rings using a feeler gauge, as shown in the figure.
- Replace the piston rings if values higher than those prescribed are measured.
NOTE
BEFORE REPLACING ONLY THE PISTON RINGS, MAKE SURE THAT COUPLING CLEARANCE
BETWEEN THE SEAL RINGS AND ITS GROOVES, AND THAT BETWEEN THE PISTON AND THE
CYLINDER ARE AS SPECIFIED. IN ANY CASE, NEW PISTON SEALING RINGS USED IN COMBINATION WITH A USED CYLINDER MAY HAVE DIFFERENT BEDDING CONDITIONS THAN THE
STANDARD ONES.
ENG - 109
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
SEALING RINGS
Name
1st Compression ring
2nd Compression ring
Oil scraper ring
1st Compression ring
1st Oversize
2nd Compression ring
1st Oversize
Oil scraper ring 1st
Oversize
1st Compression ring
2nd Oversize
2nd Compression ring
2nd Oversize
Oil scraper ring 2nd
Oversize
1st Compression ring
3rd Oversize
2nd Compression ring
3rd Oversize
Oil scraper ring 3rd
Oversize
Description
Dimensions
39 x 1
39 x 1
39 x 2
39.2 x 1
Initials
A
A
A
A
Quantity
0.08 - 0.20
0.05 - 0.20
0.20 - 0.70
0.08 - 0.20
39.2 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.2 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
39.4 x 1
A
0.08 - 0.20
39.4 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.4 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
39.6 x 1
A
0.08 - 0.20
39.6 x 1
A
0.05 - 0.20
39.6 x 2
A
0.20 - 0.70
Removing the piston
- Install piston and pin onto the connecting rod,
with the piston arrow aligned facing the exhaust.
- Fit the pin retainer ring on the appropriate tool.
Specific tooling
020448Y Tool for fitting the pin snap rings
ENG - 110
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- With the opening in the position indicated on the
tool, set the retainer ring into position in the tool
with the punch.
- Rest the tool on the piston paying attention that
the 90° chamfered side faces upwards as shown
in the figure.
- Fit the pin snap ring using the pin.
CAUTION
USING A MALLET TO SET THE RINGS IN POSITION MAY
DAMAGE THE RING SEATS.
Refitting the piston rings
- Fit the oil scraper ring starting from the spring,
making sure that the spring ends do not overlap.
Fit the two piston rings so that their openings and
that of the oil scraper ring are never aligned.
- Fit the 2nd piston ring with the identification letter
«T» facing the piston crown.
- Fit the 1st piston ring with the identification letter
«T» facing the piston crown.
- Offset the piston ring openings by 120º as shown
in the figure.
- Lubricate the components with engine oil.
NOTE
TO OBTAIN A BETTER BEDDING THE 2 SEALING RINGS
HAVE BEEN MADE WITH A CONICAL CONTACT SECTION
WITH THE CYLINDER. FOR THIS REASON, IT IS IMPORTANT TO RESPECT THE INSTRUCTIONS TO FIT THE
RINGS WITH THE "T" MARK FACING UPWARDS.
ENG - 111
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Refitting the cylinder
- Fit the cylinder base gasket.
- Fit the cylinder as shown in the figure.
- The piston can be kept out of the crankcase plane
using the appropriate tool.
NOTE
BEFORE FITTING THE CYLINDER, CAREFULLY BLOW
AIR INTO THE LUBRICATION DUCT AND LUBRICATE THE
CYLINDER LINER.
Specific tooling
020288Y Fork for fitting the piston on the cylinder
Should the four cylinder stud bolts be replaced, in this kind of engine, it is necessary to tighten the head
nuts strictly following the procedure below.
The procedure is different from that indicated in the vehicle manuals:
Head tightening nuts (only for stud bolt replacement) 6-7 N*m + 135° + 90°
The 45° rotation reduction of the wrench is necessary to avoid stud bolt stretching.
Inspecting the cylinder head
- Using a trued bar, check that the head surface is
not worn or distorted.
- Check that the camshaft and the rocking lever pin
bearings are not worn.
- Check that the head cover surface, the intake
manifold and exhaust manifold are not worn.
- In case of fault, replace the big end.
Characteristic
Maximum run-out allowed:
0.1 mm
Measure the camshaft seat bearings and rocking
lever support pins with a bore meter
ENG - 112
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
CHECKING THE HEAD
Specification
Standard diameter (mm) A
Standard diameter (mm) B
Standard diameter (mm) C
Desc./Quantity
Ø 32.015 - 32.025
Ø 16.0 - 16.018
Ø 11.0 - 11.018
Inspecting the timing system components
- Check that the guide slider and the tensioner pad
are not excessively worn.
- Check that the chain unit, the camshaft control
pulley and the pinion are not worn.
- If signs of wear are found, replace the parts; if
wear has been found on the chain, pinion or pulley,
replace the entire unit.
- Remove the central screw and the tensioner
spring. -Check that the one-way mechanism is not
worn.
- Check the condition of the tensioner spring.
- If signs of wear are found, replace the whole assembly.
Inspecting the valve sealings
- Remove any carbon deposits from the valve
seats.
- Check the width of the mark on the valve seat
«V» with Prussian blue.
Characteristic
Standard value:
1 - 1.3 mm
Limit allowed:
1.6 mm
- If the width of the mark on the valve seat is larger than the prescribed limits, true the seats with a 45°
milling cutter and then grind.
- Replace the head in case of excessive wear or damage.
ENG - 113
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Fit the valves into the cylinder head.
- Alternatively test the intake and exhaust valves.
- The test should be carried out by filling the manifold with fuel and checking that the head does not
ooze through the valves when they are just pressed by the fingers.
Inspecting the valves
STANDARD LENGTH OF VALVE
Specification
Intake: standard length
Exhaust: standard length
Desc./Quantity
74.9 mm
74.35 mm
- Measure the diameter of the valve stem at the
three positions indicated in the diagram.
STANDARD DIAMETER
Specification
Intake
Exhaust
Desc./Quantity
3.970 - 3.985 mm
3.960 - 3.975 mm
MINIMUM DIAMETER ADMITTED
Specification
Intake
Exhaust
ENG - 114
Desc./Quantity
3.958 mm
3.945 mm
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Calculate the clearance between the valve and its guide.
- Check the concentricity of the valve head by
placing a dial gauge at right angles to the valve
head and rotating it on the «V» shaped support.
Characteristic
Limit allowed:
0.03 mm
- Check the deviation of the valve stem by resting
it on a «V» shaped support and measuring the extent of the deformation using a dial gauge.
Characteristic
Limit value allowed:
0.1 mm
Inspecting the valve stem guide clearance
Measure the valve guides
VALVE GUIDE DIAMETER
Specification
Valve guide
Valve guide
Desc./Quantity
Standard diameter: 4 + 0.012 mm
Maximum diameter allowed: 4 + 0.022 mm
ENG - 115
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- After measuring the valve guide diameter and the
valve stem diameter, check the clearance between guide and stem.
INTAKE
Specification
Standard clearance
Limit allowed
Desc./Quantity
0.015 - 0.042 mm
0.06 mm
EXHAUST
Specification
Standard clearance
Limit allowed
Refitting the valves
- Lubricate the valve guides with graphite grease.
- Place the valve springs lower washers on the
head.
- Using the punch, alternately fit the 4 sealing
rings.
- Fit the valves, springs and upper washers.
- Using the appropriate tool, compress the springs
and fit the cotters in their seats.
ENG - 116
Desc./Quantity
0.025 - 0.052 mm
0.07 mm
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Inspecting the cam shaft
- Check the camshaft bearings for signs of abnormal wear.
Characteristic
Standard diameter - Bearing A:
Ø 12+0.002
+0.010 mm Standard
diameter - Bearing B:
Ø 16-0.015 -0.023 mm
Minimum diameter allowed - Bearing A:
Ø 11.98 mm
Minimum diameter allowed - Bearing B:
Ø 15.96 mm
- Using a gauge, measure the height of the cams.
- Check camshaft axial clearance
- If values measured are not within the specified
limits or there are signs of excessive wear, replace
the defective components with new ones.
NOTE
A BALL BEARING IS FITTED ON BEARING «A»; CONSEQUENTLY, BEARING «B» IS THE MOST IMPORTANT AS IT
WORKS DIRECTLY ON THE ALUMINIUM OF THE HEAD
Characteristic
Standard height - Intake
24.397 mm
Standard height - Exhaust
23.996 mm
Fitting clearance
Maximum axial clearance allowed: 0.5 mm
- Check the outside diameter of the rocker pins
- Check there are no signs of wear or scoring on the rocker pins.
- Check the internal diameter of each rocker arm.
- Check that the pad in contact with the cam is not worn.
DIAMETER OF PINS AND ROCKING LEVERS
Specification
Rocking lever inner diameter
Rocking lever pin diameter
Desc./Quantity
11.015 - 11.035 mm
10.977 - 10.985 mm
ENG - 117
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Refitting the head and timing system components
- Rest the head steadily on a work table.
- Screw the tool to fit the camshaft fully down on the bearing inner track.
- Push it fully down into its seating together with the bearing with the aid of a mallet.
- Remove the tool.
- Fit the head gasket after cleaning the faying surface carefully.
- Fit the head in the cylinder stud bolts and tighten the 4 fixing nuts to the prescribed torque.
Specific tooling
020450Y Tool for fitting/removing the camshaft
- Fit the pins, intake rocker and exhaust rocker.
- Lubricate the 2 rocking levers through the holes.
NOTE
WHEN REMOVING THE CAMSHAFT BEARING, IT IS ESSENTIAL TO REPLACE THE BEARING WITH A NEW ONE.
- Tighten the rocking lever pin clamping screw to
the prescribed torque.
- Repositon the Seeger ring retaining the camshaft
Locking torques (N*m)
Rocking lever axle screw 3 - 4
ENG - 118
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Finish the head tightening following the procedure below: screw the four head nuts to an initial
torque at two crossed sequences. Afterwards,
tighten the nuts with 2 turns of 90° each to be done
at two crossed sequences.
- Finish the tightening of the head to the crankcase
with the 2 side screws.
NOTE
SHOULD THE CRANKCASE OR THE CYLINDER STUD
BOLTS BE REPLACED, IT IS NECESSARY TO CARRY OUT
AN INITIAL TIGHTENING PLUS OTHER 3 TURNS OF 90°
EACH AT 3 CROSSED SEQUENCES
Locking torques (N*m)
Head-cylinder passing nuts: 6 - 7 +135° +90° Nm
upon first assembly; upon refitting tighten again at 6 - 7
90° +90° Nm Head cover screws 8 - 10 Nm
Refitting the timing chain
- Fit the timing chain sliders in their corresponding
places, as well as the screw and the spacer as
shown in the figure.
- Tighten to the prescribed torque and check the
tensioner pad moves adequately.
- Fit the timing system pinion to the crankshaft with
the chamfered side facing the insertion (towards
the main bearing).
- Loop the timing chain around the sprocket on the
crankshaft.
Locking torques (N*m)
Chain tensioner pad screw 5 - 7 Nm
- Refit the spacer on the camshaft.
- Rotate the engine so that the piston is at top dead
centre, using the reference marks on the flywheel
and the crankcase.
- While doing so, fit the chain on the camshaft control pulley and make the reference notch coincide
with the point on the head.
- Fit the pulley on the camshaft.
- Fit the belleville washer so that the outer rim
touches the pulley.
ENG - 119
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
- Draw the screw closer but without reaching its
final locking point.
- Push the tensioner pad slightly to check the correct timing.
- Use the specific tool to lock the camshaft sprocket gear and tighten the screw.
- Adjust valve clearance.
- Replace the O-Ring on the tappet cover.
- Fit the tappet cover and lock it with the 4 fixing
screws shown in the figure.
Specific tooling
020565Y Flywheel lock calliper spanner
Locking torques (N*m)
Camshaft pulley screw 12 - 14 Head cover
screw 8 - 10 Nm
- Set the tensioner slider to its home position.
- Fit the chain tensioner on the cylinder using a new gasket, and tighten the 2 screws to the prescribed
torque.
- Fit the spring with the central screw and tighten it to the prescribed torque.
- Fit the spark plug.
Locking torques (N*m)
Timing chain tensioner screw 8 - 10 Nm Timing chain tensioner central screw 5 - 6 Ignition spark
plug 10 - 15 Nm
Refitting the rocker-arms cover
- Carry out the removal operations but in reverse
order and tighten the four fixing screws to the prescribed torque.
NOTE
FIT A NEW O-RING ON THE TAPPET COVER
ENG - 120
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Refitting the intake manifold
- Fit the cover sealing gasket on the head.
- Fit the 2 covers.
- Fit the intake manifold and lock the 2 screws to
the prescribed torque
- Fit the carburettor on the intake manifold and lock
the clamp.
- Fit the secondary air pipe and fix it with the appropriate clamp.
NOTE
FIT THE CARBURETTOR THROUGH THE SUPPLEMENT
ON THE MANIFOLD.
Locking torques (N*m)
Intake manifold screw 7 - 9 Nm
Crankcase - crankshaft
- First remove the following units:
Driving pulley Driven pulley
Final reduction greasing
Flywheel Oil pump plus stator
Cylinder-piston-head unit
Starter motor plus wire unit.
See also
Electric fan
Splitting the crankcase halves
- Remove the 10 crankshaft coupling screws.
- Detach the crankcase keeping the half crankshaft
connected to the engine crankcase half on the
transmission side.
- Remove the crankshaft.
CAUTION
THE CRANKSHAFT MIGHT ACCIDENTALLY FALL IF THIS
RULE IS NOT OBSERVED.
- Remove the flywheel side oil seal.
CAUTION
THE CENTRIFUGAL OIL FILTER IS ON THE FLYWHEEL SIDE HALF SHAFT. CONSEQUENTLY,
DO NOT WASH WITH SOLVENTS OR BLOW COMPRESSED AIR SO THAT NO IMPURITIES LEAK
ENG - 121
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
OUT. A CENTRIFUGAL OIL FILTER LIFE IS THE SAME AS THE ENGINE'S AND IS MAINTENANCE-FREE.
- Check the connecting rod axial clearance.
Fitting clearance
Connecting rod standard axial clearance 0.15 0.30 mm Connecting rod maximum axial clearance 0.5 mm
- Check the correct radial clearance of the connecting rod. Holding the crankshaft with your
hands and, with a dial gauge fitted to the connecting rod small end, measure clearance by moving
the connecting rod vertically as shown in the figure.
Fitting clearance
Connecting rod standard radial clearance 0.006
- 0.018 mm Connecting rod maximum radial
clearance 0.25 mm
- Check that the half shaft surfaces are not scored
and with the aid of a gauge measure the crankshaft width as shown in the figure.
Characteristic
Standard measure
45 mm
Removing the crankshaft bearings
- Remove the flywheel side bearing fitted on the
crankshaft using the specific tool.
Specific tooling
004499Y Shaft bearing extractor
004499Y001 Bell for bearing extractor
004499Y002 Screw for bearing extractor
004499Y006 Ring for bearing extractor
004499Y034 part for the bearing extractor
ENG - 122
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Refitting the crankshaft bearings
- Support the crankcase firmly on a surface and
place it with the crankshaft axle in vertical position.
- Warm the crankcase at ~ 120° C with a thermal
gun (and support).
- Fit the punch with guide and adaptor, place the
bearing on the punch using grease (to keep it from
falling).
- Fit the bearing on the crankcase; use a mallet but
do so with extreme care so as not to damage the
engine crankcase limit stop.
Specific tooling
020359Y 42 x 47-mm adaptor
020364Y 25-mm Guide
020376Y Adapter handle
020360Y 52 x 55-mm adaptor
- Warm a new main bearing in an oil bath at 120°.
- Place the crankshaft on the support base and fit
the bearing with the aid of an adequate pipe section, if necessary.
NOTE
USE A NEW BEARING WHEN REFITTING.
WARNING
THE CENTRIFUGAL OIL FILTER IS ON THE FLYWHEEL
SIDE HALF SHAFT. CONSEQUENTLY, DO NOT WASH
WITH SOLVENTS OR BLOW COMPRESSED AIR SO THAT
NO IMPURITIES LEAK OUT.
Specific tooling
020265Y Bearing fitting base
008119Y009 Pipe for fitting the shafts and the
axles
ENG - 123
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Inspecting the crankshaft alignment
- Install the crankshaft on the support and measure
the misalignment at the 4 points indicated in figure.
NOTE
IF VALUES OTHER THAN THOSE ALLOWED ARE DETECTED, TRY STRAIGHTENING THE CRANKSHAFT BY INSERTING A WOODEN WEDGE BETWEEN THE HALF
SHAFTS OR BY CLOSING THEM WITH A VICE AS NEEDED. IF EVEN AFTER THIS OPERATION THE VALUES ARE
NOT THOSE ADMITTED, REPLACE THE CRANKSHAFT.
Characteristic
Maximum off-line allowed - A
0.15 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - B
0.02 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - C
0.02 mm
Maximum off-line allowed - D
0.10 mm
- Check that the crankshaft cone, the tab fitting, the oil seal flow, the knurling and the threaded shanks
are in good working order.
- In case of failure, replace the crankshaft.
Specific tooling
020074Y Support base for checking crankshaft alignment
Refitting the crankcase halves
- Be careful to place the two alignment dowels
preferably on the crankcase halves on the flywheel
side.
- Fit the crankshaft on the crankcase halves on the
transmission side.
ENG - 124
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Fit the gasket recommended for surfaces on the
crankcase half on the transmission side after
greasing the two faying surfaces carefully.
- Fit the crankcase half on the flywheel side.
- Fit the 10 screws and tighten them to the prescribed torque.
NOTE
WHEN FITTING THE CRANKCASE HALVES AND THE
CRANKSHAFT, BE CAREFUL NOT TO DAMAGE THE
SHAFT THREADED SHANKS.
Recommended products
Loctite 510 Liquid sealant
Gasket
Locking torques (N*m)
Crankcase halves union screws: 8 - 10 Nm
- Fit a new O-Ring on the mesh oil filter and on the
filler plug; lubricate.
- Fit the filter on the engine and lock the cap to the
prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Engine oil pre-filter cap: 25 - 28 Nm
Lubrication
Crankshaft oil seals
Removal
- Take out the flywheel side oil seal from the crankcase being careful not to damage or score the
crankcase.
ENG - 125
Engine
- Check that the chain supporting pad is not worn.
- Otherwise, replace the pad or fit it in the reverse
direction to use the other side.
- Any operation on the chain cover oil seal should
be carried out placing the cover on the work table
on the covering plate side of the oil pump chain.
- Remove the oil seal with a Ø 30 mm (Ø 32 mm
Max.) tube section.
Refitting
- Apply engine oil on the oil seal and it seats on the
crankcase.
- Operating from the outside and using the specific
punch, place the oil seal fully down until it reaches
the bottom of the seat in the crankcase.
NOTE
FAILURE TO USE THE SPECIFIC TOOL MAY RESULT IN
AN INCORRECT DEPTH POSITION AND, AS A CONSEQUENCE, IN INADEQUATE OIL SEALING.
- Fit a new oil seal on the outer rim with the help of
the specific tools indicated below.
- Fit a new O-ring and lubricate with grease.
- Install the cover on the engine crankcase, fit the
three screws and place the cover in its seat.
- Tighten the 3 screws to the prescribed torque.
Specific tooling
020376Y Adapter handle
020358Y 37 x 40 mm adaptor
Locking torques (N*m)
Timing chain/oil pump compartment cover
screws 4 - 5 Nm
Oil pump
ENG - 126
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
Removal
- Remove the chain compartment cover by undoing the 3 fixing screws indicated in the figure.
- Take out the cover using the appropriate fusion
couplings on the cover with a pair of pliers
- Remove the cover of the pump control crown
gear by undoing the 2 retainers indicated in the
figure.
- Block the rotation of the oil pump control gear by
inserting a screwdriver through one of the holes on
the pump.
- Remove the central screw and the belleville
washer
- Remove the chain and the sprocket gear.
- Remove the crankshaft control pinion
- Remove the oil pump by unscrewing the 2 retainers indicated in the figure.
- Remove the sealing gasket.
IT IS ADVISABLE TO MARK THE CHAIN IN ORDER TO ENSURE THAT THE DIRECTION OF ROTATION IS MAINTAINED.
Inspection
- Remove the two screws and the oil pump cover.
- Remove the circlip fixing the inner rotor.
- Remove and wash the rotors thoroughly with degreasing solvent and compressed air.
- Reassemble the rotors in the pump body, keeping the 2 reference marks visible. Fit the retainer
ring.
ENG - 127
Engine
- Measure distance between rotors (inner rotor/
outer rotor) with a feeler gauge in the position
shown in the picture.
Characteristic
Limit clearance allowed 1
0.15 mm
- Measure the distance between the outer rotor
and the pump body (see figure).
Characteristic
Limit clearance allowed 2
0.20 mm
- Check the rotor axial clearance using a trued bar
as reference plane, as shown in the figure.
NOTE
MAKE SURE THE TRUED BAR IS POSITIONED PROPERLY
ON THE TWO POINTS ON THE PUMP BODY.
Characteristic
Limit clearance allowed 3
0.09 mm
Refitting
- Check there are no signs of wear on the oil pump
shaft or body.
- Check there are no signs of wear or scoring on
the oil pump cover.
- If non-conforming values or signs of wear are
found, replace the faulty parts or the assembly.
- Fit the cover on the pump being careful to align
the holes (2 on the cover and 2 on the pump body)
fixing the oil pump on the crankcase.
- Fit the oil pump on the crankcase by tightening
the two screws to the prescribed torque.
ENG - 128
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Fit the pulley on the pump, the central screw to
the specified torque and the belleville washer.
- Check that there is no seizing and/or friction during pulley movement.
NOTE
FIT THE BELLEVILLE WASHER SO THAT ITS OUTER
(CURVED) RIM TOUCHES THE PULLEY.
Locking torques (N*m)
Central screw 12 - 14 Nm Cover screws 0.7 - 0.9
Nm Oil pump screws 5 - 6
Removing the oil sump
- Remove the oil filler plug, transmission cover,
driving pulley unit with belt and pinion.
- Unscrew the oil drainage cap «A» shown in the
figure and drain out all the oil from the sump.
- Remove the 6 screws shown in the figure.
Refitting the oil sump
- Clean and grease the faying surfaces.
- Apply LOCTITE 510 on the sump surface and
tighten the 6 fixing screws to the prescribed torque.
- Refit the driving pulley unit, belt, pinion and transmission cover.
WHEN TESTING THE LUBRICATION SYSTEM, REFER TO
THE "CRANKCASE AND CRANKSHAFT" CHAPTER REGARDING LUBRICATION OF THE CRANKSHAFT AND
CONNECTING ROD.
Locking torques (N*m)
Oil sump screws 8 - 10 Nm
ENG - 129
Engine
Fuel supply
- Disconnect the fuel supply and the vacuum suction pipe from the carburettor.
- Check that there are no fuel leaks between the
two tubes.
- Close the fuel outlet pipe.
- Using a MITIVAC pump, apply 0.1 vacuum bar
on the cock.
- Make sure that the vacuum is kept stable and that
there are no fuel leaks.
- Reconnect the vacuum pipe to the manifold.
- Place the fuel pipe with the outlet at the cock
height.
- Turn the engine by using the starter motor for 5
seconds with the carburettor at idle.
- Measure the fuel by means of a graded burette.
NOTE
THE MEASUREMENT MAY BE DISTORTED BY THE INCORRECT NUMBER OF REVS OR BY THE WRONG POSITION OF THE TUBE. IN THIS CASE, THE TENDENCY IS TO
OBTAIN A REDUCED FUEL CAPACITY. THE VACUUM INTAKE ON THE MANIFOLD HAS A SECTION INTENTIONALLY REDUCED FOR THE PURPOSE OF ENHANCING
VACUUM PULSES, ENSURING A REGULAR COCK CAPACITY.
Specific tooling
020329Y Vacuum pump Mity-Vac
Characteristic
Minimum capacity
20 cc
- Empty the fuel tank completely.
- Remove the petrol delivery pipe and the vacuum
pipe.
- Loosen the clamp and remove the cock.
- Clean the tank and the cock filter with a specific
solvent.
- Refit the cock making sure there is an O-Ring.
- Turn the cock to the direction it had before it was
removed and block the clamp.
NOTE
ENG - 130
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
THE FILTER CAN BE UNSCREWED FROM THE COCK TO
MAKE FACILITATE CLEANING.
Removing the carburettor
- To remove the carburettor from the engine, remove the two clamps anchoring the carburettor to
the inlet manifold and the air intake sleeves to the
filter.
- Remove the petrol supply pipe.
- Disconnect the starter connection.
- Remove the throttle grip cable with the sheath
that connects the plate and the support.
- Slide off the carburettor.
- Remove the protection, bracket and the starter
loosening the screw shown in the figure.
CAUTION
THE CARBURETTOR HAS AN ANTI-VIBRATION RUBBER
BUFFER FITTED ON THE LOWER SUPPLEMENT OF THE
ACCELERATING PUMP BODY. UPON REFITTING THE
CARBURETTOR ON THE ENGINE, MAKE SURE THIS BUFFER IS PRESENT TO AVOID CHECKING IF THE PETROL
IN THE FLOAT CHAMBER IS EMULSIFIED.
- Remove the 2 fixing screws shown in the figure,
the vacuum chamber cover and the spring.
- Remove the vacuum valve and the diaphragm;
the pin, the spring and the corresponding plastic
guide.
WARNING
WHILE REMOVING THE COVER, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO
RELEASE THE SPRING ACCIDENTALLY.
- Remove the 3 fixing screws and the float chamber with the corresponding gasket.
ENG - 131
Engine
- Remove the float chamber components following
the procedure below.
- Undo the 2 screws fixing the accelerating pump
diaphragm cover.
- Remove the cover being careful with the spring
below, then remove the spring, take out the rubber
protection and the diaphragm together with the
pipe O-Ring.
- Remove the accelerating pump jet and the ball
spring.
- Remove the screw shown in the figure fixing the
float pin.
- Remove the float and the pin.
- Remove the maximum jet.
- Remove the diffuser.
ENG - 132
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Remove the minimum jet.
- Remove the sprayer tilting the carburettor body.
NOTE
THIS OPERATION IS NECESSARY TO AVOID LOSING
SPRAYER PARTS WHEN CLEANING THE CARBURETTOR
BODY. IF THE SPRAYER IS FORCED INTO ITS POSITION,
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO REMOVE IT AS THIS WILL ONLY
DAMAGE IT.
- Remove the idle flow screw with the O-ring and
the spring.
CAUTION
DO NOT TRY TO REMOVE PARTS EMBEDDED IN THE CARBURETTOR BODY SUCH AS: THE
FUEL SUPPLY PIPE, THE PIN SEAT, THE STARTER JET, THROTTLE VALVE CONTROL SHAFT.
DO NOT REMOVE THROTTLE-SHAFT CONNECTION SCREWS. THE FIXING SCREWS ARE
CHAMFERED AFTER BEING FITTED AND REMOVING THEM DAMAGES THE SHAFT.
ENG - 133
Engine
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Refitting the carburettor
- Before refitting, wash the carburettor body accurately with a degreasing solvent and compressed
air.
- Pay special attention to the fuel supply pipe and
the pin seat.
- For the minimum circuit, make sure the following
points are properly cleaned: air gauging, flow
screw controlled outlet section, progression holes
near the throttle valve.
- For the starter circuit, blow the connection pipe
properly with the jet. This is necessary because
the jet support hides other inaccessible internal
calibrations.
- Blow the intake jet properly.
Its outlet section is extremely small and is oriented
towards the throttle valve.
- Check that the carburettor body has the closing ball for the minimum circuit pipe.
- Check that the coupling surfaces with the float chamber and the diaphragm are not dented.
- Check that the pipe containing the vacuum is not scratched.
- Check that the throttle valve and the shaft do not show abnormal wear.
- Check that the pin seat does not show abnormal wear.
- Replace the carburettor in case of irregularities.
NOTE
TO AVOID DAMAGES, DO NOT INTRODUCE METAL OBJECTS IN THE ADJUSTED SECTIONS.
ENG - 134
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Wash and blow the minimum jet properly and refit
it.
- Accurately wash and blow the components of the
maximum circuit, the sprayer, the diffuser and the
jet.
- Introduce the sprayer in the carburettor body with
the cylindric part with the biggest diameter towards
the diffuser.
- Fit the diffuser.
- Fit the maximum jet.
- Check that the tapered pin does not show signs
of wear on the damped pin sealing surface and the
return spring.
- Replace the pin if it is worn.
- Check that the float is not worn on the pin housing
or on the plate in contact with the pin and that there
are no fuel leaks on the carburettor.
- Replace it in case of faults.
- Fit the float together with the pin and rod in its
position and lock it with the appropriate screw.
NOTE
FIT THE RETURN SPRING ON THE FLOAT PLATE ADEQUATELY.
- Fit the ball in the corresponding accelerating
pump.
- Fit the spring.
- Fit the accelerating pump jet.
WARNING
WHEN REFITTING, PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE
COMPONENTS AS THEY ARE SMALL.
ENG - 135
Engine
- Check the diaphragm is in good conditions and
remove the remaining components of the accelerating pump following these steps:
- Fit the O-Ring in the pipe.
- Fit the diaphragm together with the pin and the
corresponding spring.
NOTE
REPLACE THE DIAPHRAGM IF THERE ARE SIGNS OF UNDULATIONS, CRACKS OR EXCESSIVE HARDENING.
- Fit the accelerating pump diaphragm cover and
tighten the 2 fixing screws making sure the spring
below is correctly positioned.
- Fit the rubber bellows protecting the pin in the
upper part of the accelerating pump.
Level check
- Tilt the carburettor so that the petrol supply needle valve is closed and the float weight does not
affect it.
- Check that the diaphragm closing line and the
float central line are parallel as shown in the figure.
- Blow air into the float chamber and fit it as well
as the corresponding gasket on the carburettor
body with the 3 fixing screws.
NOTE
ALWAYS USE NEW RINGS AND GASKETS FOR REFITTING.
WARNING
THE SCREW IN THE FLOAT CHAMBER BOTTOM IS A
BLEED SCREW AND, CONSEQUENTLY, IT ONLY REQUIRES CLEANING.
ENG - 136
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Fit the diaphragm into the throttle valve.
- Fit the tapered pin together with the plastic support and the contrast spring into the throttle valve.
NOTE
PLACE THE SPRING PLASTIC SUPPORT WITH ITS TEETH
FACING THE INNER SIDE OF THE DIAPHRAGM TO BE
ABLE TO FIT THE LOWER END OF THE THROTTLE VALVE
SPRING.
- Fit the vacuum chamber cover with the 2 fixing
screws paying special attention to the spring.
Inspecting the automatic choke device
- Check that the automatic starter piston is not distorted or rusty.
- Check that the piston slides freely in its seat
- Check that the piston sealing O-Ring is not deformed.
- The starter must be more or less functional depending on the ambient temperature.
- Measure the piston protrusion as shown in the
figure and check the corresponding value.
- Make sure that the starter is adjusted for the ambient temperature.
Characteristic
protrusion value
11.5 mm
ambient temperature
24° C
ENG - 137
Engine
- The starter should be progressively disconnected
by means of electrical heating.
- Check the starter resistance when adjusted to the
ambient temperature.
Characteristic
ambient temperature
24° C
Electric characteristic
Automatic starter resistance
20 Ω ± 5 %
- Use battery to power the automatic starter and
check that piston protrudes as much as possible.
- The correct warm up time depends on the ambient temperature.
- If protrusion, resistance or timing values are different from the ones prescribed, replace the starter.
Characteristic
Battery
12V - -9 Ah
max. protrusion
15 mm
max. time
15 min
- Fit the starter, the support bracket and the protection with the screw shown in the figure.
ENG - 138
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Engine
- Fit rubber pipes for float chamber ventilation.
- Fit the O-Ring, the washer, the spring and the
minimum flow screw in the corresponding seat.
- Refit the carburettor on the engine and connect
again the throttle grip cable with the sheath and
the support plate and the starter electrical connection.
- Reconnect the petrol supply pipe and tighten the
2 fixing screw clamps that fix the carburettor to the
inlet manifold and the air inlet sleeve to the filter.
Adjusting the idle
- The engine does not require frequent idle speed adjustments, but it is essential to strictly follow certain
rules when adjusting the idle speed.
- Before adjusting the carburettor make sure that the lubrication requirements and valve clearance are
met, timing is respected, the spark plug is in optimum conditions, the air filter is clean and sealed, and
the exhaust system is sealed.
- Connect the multimeter thermometer to the
sump, using a cap with oil expressly prepared for
probes.
- Start the engine and before adjusting the idle
speed, make sure that the oil temperature is between 70-80 °C
Specific tooling
020331Y Digital multimeter
ENG - 139
Engine
- Using the rpm indicator of the analyser or a separate one, adjust the idle screw.
NOTE
THE WASTED SPARK IGNITION SYSTEM OFFERS REMARKABLE POWER. READINGS MAY NOT BE ACCURATE IF INADEQUATE RPM INDICATORS ARE USED.
Specific tooling
020332Y Digital rpm indicator
Characteristic
Engine revs at idle speed
1,800 ± 100 rpm
ENG - 140
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
INDEX OF TOPICS
SUSPENSIONS
SUSP
Suspensions
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Front
Removing the front wheel
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING OR REFITTING THE WHEEL, PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION NOT TO DAMAGE
THE BRAKE CABLE, THE DISCS AND THE PADS. BEFORE CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING
OPERATIONS, COOL DOWN THE ENGINE AND THE SILENCER TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
TO AVOID POSSIBLE BURNS.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Place a support under the vehicle so that the wheel can move freely and the vehicle does
not fall.
CAUTION
MAKE SURE THE SCOOTER IS STABLE AND FIRM.
•
Loosen the axle fixing screw «3».
NOTE
OBSERVE THE SPEEDOMETER TRANSMISSION POSITION «5» AND THE WASHER POSITION «6» IN ORDER TO
REFIT THEM CORRECTLY.
•
Loosen axle «4» completely with the adequate spanner.
•
Hold the front wheel and remove axle «4» manually.
•
Remove the washer «6».
CAUTION
NEVER TOUCH THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER ONCE THE FRONT WHEEL IS REMOVED. DOING
SO MAY CAUSE THE CALLIPER PISTONS TO COME OUT AND THE BRAKE FLUID TO SEEP
THROUGH.
•
Completely remove the wheel pulling it forwards.
•
Disconnect the speedometer transmission «5».
SUSP - 142
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Suspensions
Front wheel hub overhaul
•
Remove the front wheel.
•
Clean the two sides of the hub with a
cloth.
•
With the specific extractor, take out the
two bearings.
•
Collect the internal spacer.
•
Carry out a thorough check of the bearings.
•
Clean the inside of the hub thoroughly.
•
Wash all the parts with detergent.
BEARINGS
Manually rotate the internal ring «1» which must
turn smoothly, without obstacles and/or noise.
There must be no axial clearance. The bearings
presenting these problems must be replaced.
CAUTION
CHECK THAT ALL THE PARTS ARE IN GOOD CONDITIONS, SPECIALLY THE ONES BELOW.
GASKETS
Check that the gaskets are in good conditions; replace them if they show signs of damage or excessive
wear.
wheel spindle
Using a dial gauge, check the wheel pin «2» eccentricity. Replace the pin «2» if the eccentricity
exceeds the limit value.
Characteristic
Maximum eccentricity:
0.25 mm
SUSP - 143
Suspensions
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
WHEEL RIM
Using a dial gauge, check that the radial eccentricity «A» and the axial eccentricity «B» of the
wheel rim «3» do not exceed the limit value.
An excessive eccentricity is usually caused by
worn or damaged bearings.
Replace the wheel rim «3» if, after the bearings are
replaced, the value is not within the specified limit.
Characteristic
Maximum radial and axial eccentricity:
2 mm
Check the tyre conditions.
CAUTION
CHECK TYRE TREAD FOR WEAR. BADLY WORN TYRES
COMPROMISE TRACTION AND VEHICLE HANDLING.
REPLACE TYRES WHEN WORN OR IF THERE IS A PUNCTURE BIGGER THAN 5 MM IN THE TREAD. SOME TYRE
TYPES HOMOLOGATED FOR THIS VEHICLE FEATURE
WEAR INDICATORS. CHECK THAT THE INFLATION
VALVES «1» HAVE THEIR CAPS FITTED IN ORDER TO
AVOID UNEXPECTED FLAT TYRES.
BALANCE THE WHEEL AFTER A TYRE IS MENDED.
Refitting the front wheel
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING OR REFITTING THE WHEEL, PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION NOT TO DAMAGE
THE BRAKE CABLE, THE DISCS AND THE PADS. BEFORE CARRYING OUT THE FOLLOWING
OPERATIONS, COOL DOWN THE ENGINE AND THE SILENCER TO AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
TO AVOID POSSIBLE BURNS.
•
Apply a thin layer of lubricating grease
inside the speedometer transmission,
in the external seats of the wheel hub
and on the wheel axle.
•
Place the wheel between the fork rods.
•
Place the speedometer transmission
by inserting the tongue in its seat on
the wheel hub.
CAUTION
SUSP - 144
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Suspensions
WHEN REFITTING THE WHEEL, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO
DAMAGE THE BRAKE CABLE, THE DISCS AND THE
PADS.
•
Fit the wheel between the fork rods, carefully inserting the disc into the brake calliper.
•
Turn the wheel until the holes on the
axle and the bearings are not aligned.
•
Fit the washer «6» between the speedometer transmission «5» and right fork
rod.
•
Push it completely into the axle «4»
and tighten it with the appropriate tightening power.
Locking torques (N*m)
Front wheel spindle nut 35 Nm (25.81 ftlb)
•
Tighten the axle fixing screws «3».
Locking torques (N*m)
Screw tightening power «3» 12 Nm (8.68 ftlb)
Front fork
Removal
CAUTION
PLACE AN APPROPRIATE SUPPORT UNDER THE SCOOTER TO PREVENT IT FROM FALLING.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the wheel.
CAUTION
DO NOT FORCE THE CABLES, THE TUBES, THE WIRES OR THE ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS.
•
Remove the handlebar completely.
•
Hold the handlebar so that it does not
put weight on the electrical wires and
cables.
•
Slide off and remove the rubber gasket
«5».
•
Unscrew and remove the tightening
nut «6».
•
Unscrew and remove the adjustment
nut.
•
Remove the fork from the steering
tube.
CAUTION
SUSP - 145
Suspensions
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
WHEN REMOVING THE FORK, PAY ATTENTION TO COLLECT ALL THE BALLS OF THE FORK
BEARINGS. THE BALLS ARE NOT CAGED AND THEY AUTOMATICALLY FALL WHEN THE FORK
IS REMOVED.
Removing the sleeves
NOTE
THE SLEEVES CAN BE REMOVED FROM THE FORK, EVEN IF IT IS INSTALLED IN THE VEHICLE.
Remove the front wheel.
To remove the right sleeve from the fork:
•
Remove the screw «3».
•
Take out the sleeve.
•
Check the sealing ring wear «5» and replace it, if necessary.
Locking torques (N*m)
Screw tightening power «3» 24 Nm (17.36 ftlb)
To remove the left sleeve from the fork:
•
Remove the nut «6»
•
Take out the sleeve.
•
Check the sealing ring wear «7» and replace it, if necessary.
Locking torques (N*m)
Screws tightening power (6): 24 Nm (17.36 ftlb)
Removing the complete shock absorber
Only the left sleeve of the fork has a shock absorber «8».
The shock absorber can be removed, also when
the fork is fitted on the scooter.
•
Remove the left sleeve of the fork.
•
Remove the front case.
•
Turn the handlebar completely clockwise (to the right).
•
Prevent the screw «9» from rotating
with a suitable wrench.
•
Unscrew and remove the nut «10».
•
Take out the entire shock absorber
«8».
SUSP - 146
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Suspensions
NOTE
UPON REFITTING PLACE THE NUT «10» CORRECTLY.
Steering bearing
Checking bearing clearance
To check the steering, it is necessary to:
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Place the support under the scooter with a soft cloth between them so that the front wheel
can move freely and the scooter does not fall.
CAUTION
MAKE SURE THE SCOOTER IS STABLE AND FIRM.
NOTE
WHEN CARRYING OUT THIS OPERATION, PAY ATTENTION NOT TO MISTAKE THE CENTRE STAND CLEARANCE WITH THAT OF THE FORK. REPEAT THIS TEST
SEVERAL TIMES BEFORE DECIDING IF THE FORK HAS
TO BE ADJUSTED.
•
Hold the lower rods of the fork and pull the fork forwards and backwards, with the steering
in forward position.
•
There should be no clearance, neither forwards nor backwards. If there is some clearance,
the fork bearings must be adjusted.
Adjusting bearing clearance
•
- Remove the inside front shield.
CAUTION
PROCEED WITH CAUTION.
HANDLE PLASTIC AND PAINTED PARTS CAREFULLY TO AVOID SCRATCHING OR DAMAGING
THEM.
SUSP - 147
Suspensions
•
Remove the bushing «2».
•
Through the hole «3», lock the screw
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
«4» to prevent its rotation.
NOTE
THERE IS A GROOVE ON THE STEERING AXLE WHERE
THE SCREW «4» RESTS. THIS KEEPS HANDLEBAR INCENTRE AND PREVENTS IT FROM COMING OUT.
DRAW THE SCREW «4» AWAY AS FAR AS POSSIBLE BEFORE LIFTING THE HANDLEBAR TO TAKE IT OUT.
Locking torques (N*m)
Nut tightening power «5» 50 Nm (36.17 ftlb)
•
Remove the nut «5»
•
Pull the screw «4» as much as possible with respect to the tongues (the rear handlebar
cover does not allow to remove it completely).
•
Lift the handlebar a few centimetres.
•
Remove the plastic gasket «6».
•
Loosen the tightening nut «7» using an adequate open wrench.
CAUTION
DO NOT TIGHTEN THE ADJUSTMENT NUT «8» TOO MUCH
BECAUSE IT MAY DAMAGE THE STEERING BEARINGS.
•
Tighten the adjustment nut «8» but do not eliminate the bearings clearance completely.
•
Check clearance as described above. Make sure the front fork can move all long its stroke,
from left to right or vice versa, rotating freely and smoothly.
•
Keep the adjustment nut «8» into position using an adequate wrench and tighten the tightening nut «7». Check bearing clearance again after tightening the nut to make sure the
adjustment is still correct.
Removal
CAUTION
PLACE AN APPROPRIATE SUPPORT UNDER THE SCOOTER TO PREVENT IT FROM FALLING.
SUSP - 148
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the wheel.
Suspensions
CAUTION
DO NOT FORCE THE CABLES, THE TUBES, THE WIRES OR THE ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS.
•
Remove the handlebar completely.
•
Hold the handlebar so that it does not
put weight on the electrical wires and
cables.
•
Slide off and remove the rubber gasket
«5».
•
Unscrew and remove the tightening
nut «6».
•
Unscrew and remove the adjustment
nut «7».
CAUTION
WHEN REMOVING THE FORK, PAY ATTENTION TO COLLECT ALL THE BALLS OF THE FORK
BEARINGS. THE BALLS ARE NOT CAGED AND THEY AUTOMATICALLY FALL WHEN THE FORK
IS REMOVED.
•
Remove the fork from the steering tube.
•
Remove the inside ring «8» and the balls «9» from the upper bearing «10».
•
Remove the inside ring «11» and the balls «12» from the lower bearing «13».
•
Wash all the bearing parts thoroughly, including the outside rings «14» and «15».
•
Check all the parts for wear and remove them if necessary.
•
Put a large quantity of grease on all the bearing parts, holding the balls in their position on
the outside ring with the grease, before trying to fit the fork following the procedure above.
SUSP - 149
Suspensions
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
CAUTION
WHEN REFITTING, PAY ATTENTION TO THE AMOUNT OF
BALLS TO BE FITTED.
•
21 BALLS «10» FOR THE UPPER BEARING
«11».
•
25 BALLS «13» FOR THE LOWER BEARING
«14».
Rear
Removing the rear wheel
•
Remove the silencer.
•
Deflate the rear wheel completely.
NOTE
TO UNSCREW THE WHEEL NUT «1», IT IS NECESSARY TO LOCK THE WHEEL ROTATION.
•
Pull the rear brake lever «2» completely, then place a small piece of cardboard «3» on the handle and keep the
brake lever pulled by using a clamp
«4».
•
Remove the cover «5».
•
Unscrew and remove nut «1» and the
washer.
•
NOTE
SUSP - 150
Take out the wheel.
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Suspensions
WHEN REFITTING, USE A NUT FOR EACH NEW WHEEL.
DO NOT REFIT THE SCOOTER WITH THE OLD NUT. THIS
IS A SPECIAL TYPE OF NUT.
Locking torques (N*m)
Nut tightening power «1» 110 Nm (79.56 ftlb)
Swing-arm
Removal
The worn or damaged bushings on the rubber insulator may cause an annoying vibration and an unsafe
manoeuvrability. To check if the bushings are in good conditions, it is necessary to remove the engine
support axle.
•
Remove the lower shield.
•
Remove the engine.
CAUTION
ONCE THE BUSHINGS ARE REMOVED, HOLD THE CHASSIS WITH A SUPPORT «1».
Place a support of suitable height under the chassis central part.
CAUTION
MAKE SURE THE SCOOTER IS STABLE AND FIRM.
•
Remove the nut «2» and take out the tightening pin «3» fixing the chassis to the rod on the
opposite side.
•
Remove the inside rod «4».
•
Check if the silent-block «5» and the buffer «6» are in good conditions, and replace them if
damaged.
Locking torques (N*m)
Frame-pin-rod locking torques 25 Nm (18.08 ftlb)
SUSP - 151
Suspensions
Overhaul
Periodically check the pin, fulcrum, engine and
bearings clearance. To carry out these operations,
proceed as follows:
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Hold the wheel firmly and try to move it
perpendicularly into the stroke direction.
•
If there is any clearance, check all the
retainers that connect the support.
Shock absorbers
SUSP - 152
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Suspensions
Removal
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
CAUTION
PLACE AN APPROPRIATE SPACER (X) UNDER THE REAR
WHEEL TO PREVENT IT FROM FALLING AND DRAGGING
THE AIR FILTER CONTAINER INTO THE CHASSIS.
•
Remove the fairing rear part.
CAUTION
HOLD THE REAR PART OF THE FRAME TO PREVENT IF FROM FALLING WHILE REMOVING
THE SHOCK ABSORBER.
•
Remove the upper screw «1» and the washer.
Locking torques (N*m)
Upper screw tightening power 50 Nm (36.17 ftlb)
•
Remove the lower screw «2» and the washer.
Locking torques (N*m)
Lower screw tightening power 25 Nm (18.08 ftlb)
•
Remove the shock absorber «3».
Centre-stand
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Place a support under the vehicle so that it does not fall after the centre stand is removed.
CAUTION
SUSP - 153
Suspensions
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
MAKE SURE THE SCOOTER IS STABLE AND FIRM.
•
Remove the two springs «1».
•
Unscrew the nut «2» and slide off the
pin.
•
To refit, carry out the removal operations but in reverse order and tighten the nut to the
prescribed torque.
Locking torques (N*m)
Central stand to chassis fixing screw 42.5
SUSP - 154
INDEX OF TOPICS
BRAKING SYSTEM
BRAK SYS
Braking system
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Interventions rules
When pads are worn, the brake fluid level in the
reservoir decreases to automatically compensate
pad wear.
The front brake fluid reservoir «1» is located on the
end part to the right of the handlebar next to the
front brake lever (under the upper handlebar cover).
CAUTION
NEVER USE THE SCOOTER IF THERE IS A FLUID LEAK
ON ANY SYSTEM PART.
CAUTION
WHEN PADS ARE WORN, THE BRAKE FLUID LEVEL DECREASES PROGRESSIVELY TO COMPENSATE PAD WEAR.
If the fluid does not reach the "MIN" reference mark:
•
Check brake pads for wear.
If there is no need to replace any pads/discs, check the braking system to determine the cause of the
problem, by checking:
•
if the brake cables are in good conditions. Mainly check if there are broken or cracked areas;
•
the connections are properly tightened;
•
the connections may exhibit leaks;
•
the calliper and the reservoir may exhibit leaks;
•
the bleed screw may exhibit leaks. If dripping is detected, tighten to the appropriate tightening torque;
•
the fuel tank caps for possible leaks and the gaskets conditions.
After repairing the brake:
•
Check and bleed the system.
•
Top-up the reservoir with a proper brake fluid.
BRAK SYS - 156
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Braking system
Front brake calliper
Removal
CAUTION
NEVER OPERATE THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER ONCE THE CALLIPER IS REMOVED SINCE THIS
MAY CAUSE THE PISTONS TO COME OUT AND CALLIPER BRAKE FLUID TO LEAK.
•
Undo the two screws indicated and remove the brake calliper.
CAUTION
AFTER REFITTING, PULL THE FRONT BRAKE LEVER REPEATEDLY AND CHECK THAT THE BRAKING SYSTEM
OPERATES CORRECTLY.
Front brake pads
Removal
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the brake calliper cover «1».
•
Remove circlips «3».
•
Remove cylinder «4».
•
Remove the spring «5».
NOTE
THE ANTI-FRICTION PLATES «6» COME OUT TOGETHER
WITH THE PADS.
•
Take out the pads«7» (together with the anti-friction plates) one at a time.
CAUTION
NEVER OPERATE THE BRAKE LEVER ONCE THE CALLIPER IS REMOVED. MAY CAUSE THE
PISTONS TO COME OUT AND CALLIPER BRAKE FLUID TO LEAK. ALWAYS REPLACE BOTH
PADS AND MAKE SURE THAT THEY ARE CORRECTLY POSITIONED IN THE CALLIPER.
BRAK SYS - 157
Braking system
•
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Check friction material for appropriate
thickness. If thinner than the minimum
value, replace it.
Characteristic
Friction material minimum thickness
1.5
•
In case of uneven wear, replace the
brake pads when the friction material
thickness difference is 0.5 mm
CAUTION
ALWAYS REPLACE BOTH PADS AND MAKE SURE THEY
ARE CORRECTLY POSITIONED INSIDE THE CALLIPER.
•
If the anti-friction plates «6» are worn, replace them.
•
Fit two new pads «7» (together with the anti-friction plates).
•
Insert the spring «5» correctly.
•
Fit cylinder «4».
•
Fit circlips «3».
•
Fit the brake calliper cover «1».
•
Check the brake fluid.
Refitting
•
Fit two new pads «7» (together with the
anti-friction plates «6»).
•
Insert the spring «5» correctly.
•
Fit cylinder «4».
•
Fit circlips «3».
•
Fit the brake calliper cover «1».
•
Check the brake fluid.
Fill - Bleeding the braking system
NOTE
IF THERE IS AIR IN THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM, THE WATER WILL ABSORB MOST OF THE
POWER OF THE BRAKE MAIN CYLINDER AND THEREFORE, IT WILL REDUCE THE CALLIPER
BRAK SYS - 158
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Braking system
PERFORMANCE WHEN BRAKING. THE PRESENCE OF AIR IS SIGNALLED BY THE 'SPONGINESS' OF THE BRAKE CONTROL AND POOR BRAKING EFFICIENCY.
CAUTION
CONSIDERING THE DANGER POSED FOR VEHICLE AND RIDER, IT IS STRICTLY NECESSARY
TO BLEED THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AFTER REFITTING BRAKES AND CARRYING OUT REGULAR MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS.
•
Remove the protection cap «1» from
the bleeder spout «2».
•
Connect a glass pipe to the bleed plug
«2».
CAUTION
DO NOT DIRT THE PADS OR THE DISC WITH BRAKE FLUID.
•
Keep the free part of the glass tube in
a clean container.
•
Pull the brake lever «5» slowly to the
end of the stroke two or three times.
Then keep it completely pulled.
CAUTION
LOOSEN THE BLEED PLUG SPOUT «2» AND CHECK THE
RESERVOIR BRAKE FLUID LEVEL «6». DO NOT EMPTY
THE RESERVOIR COMPLETELY SINCE THIS MAY FURTHER CAUSE AIR TO ENTER THE BRAKING SYSTEM.
•
Loosen the bleed plug spout «2» and check if there are bubbles in the glass tube.
CAUTION
BEFORE RELEASING THE BRAKE LEVER «5», CLOSE THE BLEED PLUG «2» TO PREVENT
WATER FROM ENTERING THE BRAKE SYSTEM.
•
When the brake fluid that comes out is homogeneous, without bubbles, it means air has
successfully been eliminated from the system. Close the bleed plug «2» accurately, and
tighten it correctly.
NOTE
REPEAT THE LAST TWO OPERATIONS UNTIL THE BUBBLES ARE TOTALLY ELIMINATED.
BRAK SYS - 159
Braking system
•
Reposition the protection cap «1» on
the bleeder spout «2».
•
Check the brake fluid.
CAUTION
AFTER REFITTING, PULL THE BRAKE LEVER REPEATEDLY AND CHECK THAT THE BRAKING SYSTEM OPERATES CORRECTLY.
CAUTION
PAY ATTENTION TO THE DISC AND THE FRICTION MATERIAL MAKING SURE THEY ARE NOT DIRTY OR
GREASED, SPECIALLY AFTER MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS OR INSPECTION.
Rear drum brake
After removing the silencer and the rear wheel,
operate as follows:
•
Remove the shoe spring using the specific tool
•
Remove the shoe with a lever
•
Refit the new shoe by slightly hitting
with the mallet.
•
Fix the spring with the specific tool
Adjusting the drum brake:
•
Adjust the measure point of the rear
drum brake operating the set screw
shown in the figure.
•
With the brake lever released, the
wheel should rotate freely.
BRAK SYS - 160
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
INDEX OF TOPICS
CHASSIS
CHAS
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Seat
Saddle removal
•
Remove the pin and slide off the bolt.
•
Undo and remove the 4 screws.
Removing the saddle support
•
Remove the tail fairing.
•
Remove the battery cover «1».
•
Disconnect and remove the battery.
•
Remove the fuse boxes «3» and the
relay «4» from the supports.
•
Unscrew and remove the four screws
«5».
•
Unscrew and remove fuel tank cap
«6».
•
Remove the fuel-collecting bucket tappet «7» passing it together with the
drainage pipe «8», through the tank
cover hole of the saddle support.
CHAS - 162
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Chassis
Thread the cable harnesses together
with fuse-holding locks through the slot
located at the front part of the saddle
support.
•
Lift the saddle support rear part «9»,
slide it forwards and remove it.
Side fairings
After removing the internal legshield, remove the
six clips «10» from both sides.
NOTE
TO REFIT THE BUMPERS, USE NEW CLIPS.
Rear rack
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove cover «1».
•
Unscrew and remove the screw "2".
•
Unscrew and remove the two screws
«3».
•
Remove the luggage rack.
CHAS - 163
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Driving mirrors
Removing the rear-view mirrors:
The following information refers to one rear view
mirror but it applies to both.
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Lift the rubber protection «1».
•
Lock bolt «3» and unscrew the nut «4» completely.
•
Remove the rear-view mirror «2».
Rear handlebar cover
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
•
Disconnect the instrument panel light/
warning light connector «1».
•
Disconnect the speedometer/odometer cable «2».
•
Loosen and remove the three screws
«3».
•
Remove the rear handlebar cover.
Instrument panel
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws «2
».
•
CHAS - 164
Remove the instrument panel partially.
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
•
Chassis
Disconnect the speedometer/odometer cable «4» from the instrument panel.
•
Disconnect the main connector «5».
•
Remove the instrument panel.
Removing the instrument panel glass
•
Remove the instrument panel.
•
Push the four tabs «6» and remove the
glass «7»
Front handlebar cover
Removal
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the windshield.
•
Remove the six screws «1».
•
Release the both upper coupling
tongues by pressing slightly the rear
handlebar cover.
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
CAUTION
DO NOT FORCE THE HANDLEBAR COVER EXCESSIVELY
TO AVOID BREAKING IT.
•
Disconnect the front headlamp light
connectors «2» and the two turn indicator connectors «3».
NOTE
WHEN REFITTING, MAKE SURE THE TABS ARE CORRECTLY INSERTED.
CHAS - 165
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Headlight assy.
REMOVING THE TURN INDICATORS
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
•
Release clamp «1» and disconnect the
connectors «2».
•
Unscrew the nuts «3».
Removing the headlamp
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
•
Unscrew and remove the screw «3»
and collect the rear spring.
NOTE
WHEN REFITTING, MAKE SURE THE LIGHT BEAM IS CORRECTLY ADJUSTED.
•
Unscrew and remove the 4 screws «5»
and remove the headlamp frame.
•
Operating with caution, remove the two
sealing fins and remove the headlamp
from the front part.
CHAS - 166
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Legshield
•
Remove the fork.
•
Remove the front central cover.
•
Remove the control unit.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws «8
».
•
Remove the front shield «9».
Knee-guard
•
Remove the footrest.
•
Remove the rubber gasket «3» from
the ignition switch.
•
Loosen and remove screw «4» from
both sides.
•
Open the glove-box lid «5».
•
Unscrew and remove the screw "6".
•
Remove the front central cover.
•
Unscrew and remove the two screws
«7».
•
Press the sides of the external legshield up to the arrows «A», «B», «C»,
and pull it.
•
Remove the leg shield back plate «8».
CHAS - 167
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Removing the ignition key-switch when on *off*
•
Remove the front central cover.
•
Disconnect the two electric connectors
«1» and «2».
•
Loosen and remove the two screws
«3» (special).
•
Remove the whole ignition lock.
NOTE
WHILE REFITTING, REPLACE THE SCREW «3» (OF SPECIAL TYPE) WITH A NEW ONE.
Taillight assy.
•
Remove the tail fairing.
•
Remove the three screws fastening the
headlight assembly to the tail fairing.
•
Remove the rear light unit.
•
Remove the two screws located behind the headlight.
•
Slide off the daylight running/stop LED
lights.
•
Remove the turn indicators by acting
on the nuts indicated.
CHAS - 168
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Footrest
Removal
•
Remove the rear central cover.
•
Loosen and remove the four screws «3
».
•
Loosen screw «4» from both sides of
the lower cover.
•
Slightly lift the footrest rear part and take it out from the internal shield base.
CAUTION
WHEN REFITTING, FIRST FIT THE CENTRAL AND THEN THE SIDE TABS.
Air filter
Filter box removal
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Undo and remove the three screws
«1».
CHAS - 169
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
•
Remove the clamp «2» and slide off
the fuel pipe.
•
Loosen the clamp «3» and slide off the
sleeve from the filter box.
•
Remove the entire air filter box.
Tail guard
•
Remove the luggage rack.
•
Remove the rear central cover.
•
Undo and remove the six screws «6 ».
•
Lift the tail fairing.
•
Release the cable harnesses of rear
light unit.
While refitting:
•
Place the tail fairing on its seat.
•
Connect the cable harnesses of rear light unit.
NOTE
TIGHTEN THE SIX SCREWS «6» COMPLETELY AFTER REFITTING THE LUGGAGE RACK.
•
Insert the six screws «6» without tightening them completely.
•
Refit the luggage rack.
•
Tighten the six screws «6» completely.
Rear mudguard
•
Remove the tail fairing.
•
Disconnect the cable harness of the license plate light.
•
Unscrew the 4 screws «1».
•
Remove the mudguard «2».
CHAS - 170
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Fuel tank
Removing the fuel tank
•
Empty the fuel tank.
•
Remove the pipe «1».
•
Undo the two screws «2».
•
Disconnect the fuel level probe connector «3».
•
Remove the tank by lifting it from the
front and sliding it off towards the front
of the vehicle.
Front mudguard
•
Remove the complete fork.
•
Remove the two screws «12».
•
With the aid of an Allen wrench, prevent the screw «13» from rotating.
•
Remove the nut «14»
NOTE
WHILE REFITTING, PLACE THE NUT «13» CORRECTLY.
•
Remove the front mudguard «15».
CHAS - 171
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Rear central cover
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Loosen and remove screw «4» and the
relevant bushing from both sides.
•
Remove the rear central cover «5».
Front central cover
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Unscrew and remove the only screw 1.
CAUTION
PROCEED CAREFULLY.
DO NOT DAMAGE THE TABS AND/OR THEIR SEATS.
•
Remove the front cover «2» by pulling it towards the scooter front part.
Flyscreen
•
Remove the 2 screws indicated with
spacers and rubber rings.
CHAS - 172
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Chassis
Pilot lights kit
Replace the instrument panel bulbs:
NOTE
BEFORE CHANGING A BULB, CHECK THE FUSES.
•
Remove the front handlebar cover.
Replace the warning light bulbs:
•
Turn indicators «1 », green
•
Low-beam warning light «2», green
•
High-beam light «3», blue
Take and replace the bulb with another of the
same type.
Replace the dashboard lighting bulbs:
•
Upper right lighted section «4»
•
Lower left lighted section «5»
Take and replace the bulb with another of the
same type.
NOTE
TAKE OUT THE BULB HOLDERS ONE AT A TIME TO
AVOID PLACING THEM INCORRECTLY WHEN REFITTING.
Lower cover
•
Park the vehicle on its centre stand.
•
Remove the 6 screws indicated.
•
Remove the lower cover.
NOTE
WHEN REFITTING, MAKE SURE THAT THE FRONT PART
OF THE LOWER SHIELD IS CORRECTLY POSITIONED.
CHAS - 173
INDEX OF TOPICS
PRE-DELIVERY
PRE DE
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Pre-delivery
Carry out the listed checks before delivering the vehicle.
WARNING
BE EXTREMELY CAUTIOUS WHEN HANDLING FUEL.
Aesthetic inspection
- Paintwork
- Fitting of Plastic Parts
- Scratches
- Dirt
Tightening torques inspection
- Safety locks:
front and rear suspension unit
front and rear brake calliper retainer unit
front and rear wheel unit
engine - chassis retainers
steering assembly
- Plastic parts fixing screws
Electrical system
- Main switch
- Headlamps: high-beam lights, low-beam lights, tail lights (front and rear) and their warning lights
- Headlight adjustment according to regulations in force
- Front and rear stop light switches and their bulbs
- Turn indicators and their warning lights
- Instrument panel lights
- Instrument panel: fuel and temperature indicator (if present)
- Instrument panel warning lights
- Horn
- Electric start-up
- Engine stop via emergency stop switch and side stand
- Saddle electric opening switch (if present)
PRE DE - 175
Pre-delivery
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
- Through the diagnosis tool, check that the last mapping version is present in the control unit/s and, if
required, program the control unit/s again: consult the technical service website to know about available
upgrades and details regarding the operation.
CAUTION
TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PERFORMANCE, THE BATTERY MUST BE CHARGED BEFORE USE.
INADEQUATE CHARGING OF THE BATTERY WITH A LOW LEVEL OF ELECTROLYTE BEFORE
IT IS FIRST USED SHORTENS BATTERY LIFE.
CAUTION
UPON INSTALLING THE BATTERY, ATTACH THE POSITIVE LEAD FIRST AND THEN THE NEGATIVE ONE, AND PERFORM THE REVERSE OPERATION UPON REMOVAL.
WARNING
THE BATTERY ELECTROLYTE IS POISONOUS AS IT MAY CAUSE SERIOUS BURNS. IT CONTAINS SULPHURIC ACID. AVOID CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES, SKIN AND CLOTHING.
IN CASE OF CONTACT WITH YOUR EYES OR SKIN, WASH WITH ABUNDANT WATER FOR APPROX. 15 MIN. AND SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
IF ACCIDENTALLY SWALLOWED, IMMEDIATELY DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF WATER OR
VEGETABLE OIL. SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
BATTERIES PRODUCE EXPLOSIVE GASES; KEEP CLEAR OF NAKED FLAMES, SPARKS OR
CIGARETTES. VENTILATE THE AREA WHEN RECHARGING INDOORS. ALWAYS WEAR EYE
PROTECTION WHEN WORKING IN THE PROXIMITY OF BATTERIES.
KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN
CAUTION
NEVER USE FUSES WITH A CAPACITY HIGHER THAN THE RECOMMENDED CAPACITY. USING
A FUSE OF UNSUITABLE RATING MAY SERIOUSLY DAMAGE THE VEHICLE OR EVEN CAUSE
A FIRE.
Levels check
- Hydraulic braking system fluid level
- Rear hub oil level
- Engine coolant level (if present)
- Engine oil level
- Mixer oil level (if present)
Road test
- Cold start
- Instrument panel operation
- Response to throttle control
- Stability when accelerating and braking
PRE DE - 176
SCARABEO 50 4T 4V
Pre-delivery
- Front and rear brake efficiency
- Front and rear suspension efficiency
- Abnormal noise
Static test
Static check after test drive:
- Restarting when warmed up
- Starter operation (if present)
- Minimum holding (turning the handlebar)
- Uniform turning of the steering
- Possible leaks
- Radiator electric fan operation (if present)
Functional inspection
- Hydraulic braking system
- Brake levers stroke
- Clutch - Check for correct operation
- Engine - Check for correct general operation and absence of abnormal noise
- Other
- Documentation check:
- Chassis and engine numbers check
- Supplied tools check
- License plate fitting
- Locks checking
- Tyre pressure check
- Installation of mirrors and any possible accessories
NEVER EXCEED THE RECOMMENDED INFLATION PRESSURES AS TYRES MAY BURST.
CAUTION
CHECK AND ADJUST TYRE PRESSURE WITH TYRES AT AMBIENT TEMPERATURE.
PRE DE - 177
A
Air filter: 43, 169
B
Battery: 74, 75
Brake: 157, 160
C
Carburettor: 39, 131, 134
Chain: 119
Clutch: 86, 90
E
Engine oil: 44
F
Fork: 145
Fuel: 47, 130, 171
Fuses: 73
H
Headlight: 51, 166
Hub oil: 42
I
Identification: 11
Instrument panel: 164
M
Maintenance: 9, 39
Mirrors: 164
S
Saddle:
Shock absorbers: 152
Spark plug: 41, 67
Stand:
T
Tank: 171
Transmission: 12, 84, 94
Tyres: 13
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement