tektronix. tds820. u..

tektronix. tds820. u..
User Manual
TDS 820
Digitizing Oscilloscope
070-8512-02
Instrument Serial Numbers
Each instrument manufactured by Tektronix has a serial number on a panel insert or tag, or stamped on the
chassis. The first letter in the serial number designates the country of manufacture. The last five digits of the
serial number are assigned sequentially and are unique to each instrument. Those manufactured in the United
States have six unique digits. The country of manufacture is identified as follows:
B010000
E200000
J300000
H700000
Tektronix, Inc., Beaverton, Oregon, USA
Tektronix United Kingdom, Ltd., London
Sony/Tektronix, Japan
Tektronix Holland, NV, Heerenveen, The Netherlands
Instruments manufactured for Tektronix by external vendors outside the United States are assigned a two digit
alpha code to identify the country of manufacture (e.g., JP for Japan, HK for Hong Kong, IL for Israel, etc.).
Tektronix, Inc., P.O. Box 500, Beaverton, OR 97077
Printed in U.S.A.
E
Copyright Tektronix, Inc., 1993. All rights reserved. Tektronix products are covered by U.S. and foreign
patents, issued and pending. The following are registered trademarks: TEKTRONIX, TEK, TEKPROBE, and
SCOPE-MOBILE.
WARRANTY
Tektronix warrants that this product will be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from
the date of shipment. If any such product proves defective during this warranty period, Tektronix, at its option, either will repair
the defective product without charge for parts and labor, or will provide a replacement in exchange for the defective product.
In order to obtain service under this warranty, Customer must notify Tektronix of the defect before the expiration of the
warranty period and make suitable arrangements for the performance of service. Customer shall be responsible for
packaging and shipping the defective product to the service center designated by Tektronix, with shipping charges prepaid.
Tektronix shall pay for the return of the product to Customer if the shipment is to a location within the country in which the
Tektronix service center is located. Customer shall be responsible for paying all shipping charges, duties, taxes, and any
other charges for products returned to any other locations.
This warranty shall not apply to any defect, failure or damage caused by improper use or improper or inadequate
maintenance and care. Tektronix shall not be obligated to furnish service under this warranty a) to repair damage resulting
from attempts by personnel other than Tektronix representatives to install, repair or service the product; b) to repair damage
resulting from improper use or connection to incompatible equipment; or c) to service a product that has been modified or
integrated with other products when the effect of such modification or integration increases the time or difficulty of servicing
the product.
THIS WARRANTY IS GIVEN BY TEKTRONIX WITH RESPECT TO THIS PRODUCT IN LIEU OF ANY OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS DISCLAIM ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. TEKTRONIX’ RESPONSIBILITY TO REPAIR OR
REPLACE DEFECTIVE PRODUCTS IS THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY PROVIDED TO THE CUSTOMER FOR
BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY. TEKTRONIX AND ITS VENDORS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IRRESPECTIVE OF WHETHER TEKTRONIX OR THE
VENDOR HAS ADVANCE NOTICE OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
EC Declaration of Conformity
We
Tektronix Holland N.V.
Marktweg 73A
8444 AB Heerenveen
The Netherlands
declare under sole responsibility that the
TDS 820 Digitizing Oscilloscope
meets the intent of Directive 89/336/EEC for Electromagnetic Compatibility.
Compliance was demonstrated to the following specifications as listed in the Official
Journal of the European Communities:
EN 55011
Class A Radiated and Conducted Emissions
EN 50081-1 Emissions:
EN 60555-2
AC Power Line Harmonic Emissions
EN 50082-1 Immunity:
IEC 801-2
Electrostatic Discharge Immunity
IEC 801-3
RF Electromagnetic Field Immunity
IEC 801-4
Electrical Fast Transient/Burst Immunity
IEC 801-5
Power Line Surge Immunity
Safety
Please take a moment to review these safety precautions. They are provided
for your protection and to prevent damage to the digitizing oscilloscope. This
safety information applies to all operators and service personnel.
Symbols and Terms
These two terms appear in manuals:
H
statements identify conditions or practices that could result in
damage to the equipment or other property.
H
statements identify conditions or practices that could result in
personal injury or loss of life.
These two terms appear on equipment:
H CAUTION indicates a personal injury hazard not immediately accessible
as one reads the marking, or a hazard to property including the equipment itself.
H DANGER indicates a personal injury hazard immediately accessible as
one reads the marking.
This symbol appears in manuals:
Static-Sensitive Devices
These symbols appear on equipment:
DANGER
High Voltage
Nm:Man
Protective
ground (earth)
terminal
ATTENTION
Refer to
manual
v
Safety
Specific Precautions
Observe all of these precautions to ensure your personal safety and to prevent damage to either the digitizing oscilloscope or equipment connected to it.
Power Source
The digitizing oscilloscope is intended to operate from a power source that will
not apply more than 250 V rms between the supply conductors or between
either supply conductor and ground. A protective ground connection, through
the grounding conductor in the power cord, is essential for safe system
operation.
Grounding the Digitizing Oscilloscope
The digitizing oscilloscope is grounded through the power cord. To avoid
electric shock, plug the power cord into a properly wired receptacle where
earth ground has been verified by a qualified service person. Do this before
making connections to the input or output terminals of the digitizing oscilloscope.
Without the protective ground connection, all parts of the digitizing oscilloscope are potential shock hazards. This includes knobs and controls that may
appear to be insulators.
Use the Proper Power Cord
Use only the power cord and connector specified for your product. Use only a
power cord that is in good condition.
Use the Proper Fuse
To avoid fire hazard, use only the fuse specified in the parts list for your
product, matched by type, voltage rating, and current rating.
Do Not Remove Covers or Panels
To avoid personal injury, do not operate the digitizing oscilloscope without the
panels or covers.
Take Antistatic Precautions
Wear an antistatic grounding wrist strap when working with the input connectors on the digitizing oscilloscope.
Electric Overload
Never apply to a connector on the digitizing oscilloscope a voltage that is
outside the range specified for that connector.
vi
Safety
Safety
Do Not Operate in Explosive Atmospheres
The digitizing oscilloscope provides no explosion protection from static discharges or arcing components. Do not operate the digitizing oscilloscope in
an atmosphere of explosive gases.
Nm:Man
vii
Safety
viii
Safety
Contents
Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
xi
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Product Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Start Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Setting Up for the Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-15
Example 3: Automated Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
Example 4: Saving Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-25
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
At a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-13
Acquisition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
Scaling and Positioning Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-21
Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-25
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
Acquisition Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
Autoset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Cursor Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
Display Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-14
Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-21
Hardcopy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-26
Getting Started
Operating Basics
Reference
TDS 820 User Manual
ix
Contents
Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-34
Horizontal Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-35
Limit Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-41
Measurement System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-47
Probe Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-60
Probe Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-64
Remote Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-71
Saving and Recalling Setups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-75
Saving and Recalling Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-77
Selecting Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-80
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-84
Triggering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-85
Vertical Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-93
Waveform Math . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-97
Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-100
Appendix A: Options and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-1
Appendix B: Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-1
Appendix C: Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
C-1
Appendix D: Packaging for Shipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
D-1
Appendix E: Factory Initialization Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
E-1
Appendices
Glossary
Index
x
Contents
Preface
This is the User Manual for the TDS 820 Digitizing Oscilloscope.
The Getting Started section familiarizes you with the operation of your digitizing oscilloscope.
Operating Basics covers basic principles of the operation of the oscilloscope.
These articles help you understand why your instrument works the way it
does.
The Reference section teaches you how to perform specific tasks. See
page 3-1 for a complete list of tasks covered in that section.
The Appendices provide an option and accessories listing, product specifications, and other useful information.
Related Manuals
The following documents are related to the use or service of the digitizing
oscilloscope.
H The TDS 820 Programmer Manual describes using a computer to control
the digitizing oscilloscope through the GPIB interface.
H The TDS TDS 820 Reference gives you a quick overview of how to
operate your digitizing oscilloscope.
H The TDS 820 Service Manual provides information for maintaining and
servicing your digitizing oscilloscope.
Nm:Man
xx
Preface
Conventions
In the Getting Started and Reference sections, you will find various procedures which contain steps of instructions for you to perform. To keep those
instructions clear and consistent, this manual uses the following conventions:
H Names of front panel controls and menu labels appear in boldface print.
H Names also appear in the same case (initial capitals, all uppercase, etc.)
in the manual as is used on the oscilloscope front panel and menus. Front
panel names are all upper case letters, for example, VERTICAL MENU,
CH 1, etc.
H Instruction steps are numbered. The number is omitted if there is only
one step.
H When steps require that you make a sequence of selections using front
panel controls and menu buttons, an arrow ( ➞ ) marks each transition
between a front panel button and a menu, or between menus. Also, when
a name is a main menu or side menu item it is clearly indicated: Press
VERTICAL MENU ➞ Offset (main) ➞ Set to 0 V (side) ➞ Position (main) ➞ Set to 0 V (side).
Using the convention just described results in instructions that are graphically intuitive and simplifies procedures. For example, the instruction just
given replaces these five steps:
1. Press the front panel button VERTICAL MENU.
2. Press the main menu button Offset.
3. Press the side-menu button Set to 0 V.
4. Press the main menu button Position
5. Press the side menu button Set to 0 divs
H Sometimes you may have to make a selection from a popup menu: Press
SHIFT ➞ UTILITY ➞ System (main) ➞ Config (popup). In this example,
you repeatedly press the main menu button System until Config is
highlighted in the pop-up menu.
xxx
Preface
Overview
Overview
This section presents a product description, start up information, and four
examples discussing the digitizing oscilloscope’s basic functions. Use the At a
Glance section (starting on page 2-3) to help you locate the correct knobs,
buttons, and menus.
H Example 1 teaches you how to reset the digitizing oscilloscope, use the
autoset function, and display and adjust waveforms.
H Example 2 explains how to add, control, and delete multiple waveforms.
H Example 3 introduces you to the automated measurement system.
H Example 4 discusses saving and recalling the digitizing oscilloscope’s
setups.
If you do not perform the examples, use the Operating Basics and Reference
sections to learn about the digitizing oscilloscope’s front panel and menu
arrangement and specific functions.
Nm:Man
1Ć1
Product Description
Your Tektronix TDS 800 Digitizing Oscilloscope is a superb tool for acquiring,
displaying, and measuring waveforms. Its performance addresses the needs
of both benchtop lab and portable applications with:
H 8 GHz maximum repetitive analog bandwidth in TDS 820 Option 1D;
6 GHz in the standard TDS 820.
H Pretrigger view (not available with Option 1D).
H Acquisition channels—The TDS 820 has two. You may use and display all
channels simultaneously.
H Two14-bit digitizers.
H Up to 15,000-point record length per channel.
H Waveform Math—Invert a single waveform and add, subtract, and multiply
two waveforms. On option 2F equipped instruments, integrate or differentiate a single waveform or perform an FFT (fast fourier transform) on a
waveform to display its frequency spectra.
H Full GPIB software programmability. GPIB hardcopy output. On instruments equipped with option 13, hardcopy output using the RS-232 or
Centronics ports.
H Complete measurement and documentation ability.
H Intuitive graphical icon operation blended with the familiarity of
traditional horizontal and vertical knobs.
H On-line help at the touch of a button.
The Appendices list the options and accessories
and the product specifications.
1Ć2
Getting Started
Start Up
Before you use the digitizing oscilloscope, ensure that it is properly installed
and powered on.
Operation
To properly install and power on the digitizing oscilloscope, do the following:
Installation
1. Be sure you have the appropriate operating environment. Specifications
for temperature, relative humidity, altitude, vibrations, and emissions are
included in Appendix B: Specification at the rear of this manual.
2. Leave space for cooling. Do this by verifying that the air intake and exhaust holes on the sides of the cabinet (where the fan operates) are free
of any airflow obstructions. Leave at least 2 inches (5.1 cm) free on each
side.
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, be sure that the power cord is disconnected before checking the fuse.
3. Check the fuse to be sure it is the proper type and rating (Figure 1-1).
You can use either of two fuses. Each fuse requires its own cap (see
Table 1-1). The digitizing oscilloscope is shipped with the UL approved
fuse installed.
4. Check that you have the proper electrical connections. The digitizing
oscilloscope requires 90 to 250 VAC rms, continuous range, 47 Hz to 63
Hz, and may require up to 300 W.
5. Connect the proper power cord from the rear-panel power connector
(Figure 1-1) to the power system.
Nm:Man
1Ć3
Start Up
Power Connector
Principal Power Switch
Fuse
Figure 1-1: Rear Panel Controls Used in Start Up
Table 1-1: Fuse and Fuse Cap Part Numbers
Fuse
Fuse Part
Number
Fuse Cap Part
Number
.25 inch
1.25 inch (UL 198.6, 3AG):
6 A FAST, 250 V.
159–0013–00
200–2264–00
5 mm
250 V.
159–0210–00
200–2265–00
20 mm (IEC 127): 5 A (T),
Power On
1. Check that the rear-panel principal power switch is on (Figure 1-1). The
principal power switch controls all AC power to the instrument.
2. If the oscilloscope is not powered on (the screen is blank), push the
front-panel ON/STBY button to toggle it on (Figure 1-2).
The ON/STBY button controls power to most of the instrument circuits.
Power continues to go to certain parts even when this switch is set to
STBY.
Once the digitizing oscilloscope is installed, it is typical to leave the principal power switch on and use the ON/STBY button as the power switch.
1Ć4
Getting Started
Start Up
ON/STBY Button
Figure 1-2: ON/STBY Button
Self Test
Check the self test results. The digitizing oscilloscope automatically performs
power-up tests each time it is turned on. It will come up with a display screen
that states whether or not it passed self test. (If the self test passes, the
status display screen will be removed after a few seconds.)
If the self test fails, call your local Tektronix Service Center. Depending on the
type of failure, you may still be able to use the oscilloscope before it is serviced.
Power Off
Toggle the ON/STBY switch to turn off the oscilloscope.
Nm:Man
1Ć5
Setting Up for the Examples
All the examples use the same setup. Once you perform this setup, you do
not have to change the signal connections for any of the other examples.
When you finish, the setup should appear as shown in Figure 1-3.
To 1 MHz TEST
SIGNAL OUTPUT
on Rear Panel
Figure 1-3: The Example Setup
1. Put on the antistatic grounding wrist strap provided.
CAUTION
Be sure to wear the antistatic wrist strap when making connections
to the front panel. The front panel input connectors are highly
susceptible to damage from electrostatic discharge.
1Ć6
Getting Started
Setting Up for the Examples
2. Remove all probes, cables, short-circuit terminations, and signal inputs
from the input SMA connectors along the lower part of the front panel.
3. Connect the long SMA cable supplied with the digitizing oscilloscope to
the 1 MHz TEST SIGNAL OUTPUT connector on the rear panel.
4. Connect the front panel CH 1 SMA connector to one of the two short
SMA cables supplied with the digitizing oscilloscope.
5. Connect the front panel external TRIGGER INPUT SMA connector to the
other short SMA cable supplied with the digitizing oscilloscope.
6. Connect the SMA female-to-female adapter to the male connection in the
center of the SMA T supplied with the digitizing oscilloscope.
7. Connect the other end of the SMA cable attached to CH 1 to one end of
the SMA T.
8. Connect the other end of the SMA cable attached to the external TRIGGER INPUT to the other end of the SMA T.
NOTE
Splitting the signal using the SMA T does not preserve the 50 W
environment. As a result, you will see aberrations of the signal due
to this impedance mismatch. The aberrations are of no consequence for the examples. However, to obtain accurate measurements, be sure you split signals using a 50 W power divider to
match the impedance of the test setup.
9. Connect the other end of the long cable attached to the rear panel 1 MHz
TEST SIGNAL OUTPUT connector to the SMA female-to-female adapter.
CAUTION
To prevent damage to the inputs do not attempt to measure any
signals greater than 3 V peak–to–peak with the TDS 820 with
Option 1D (6 V peak-to-peak with the standard TDS 820).
Nm:Man
1Ć7
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
In this first example you learn about resetting the digitizing oscilloscope, using
the autoset function, and displaying and adjusting a waveform.
Resetting the
Digitizing
Oscilloscope
All examples begin by resetting the digitizing oscilloscope to a known, factory
default state. That is useful when you begin a new task and need to “start
fresh” with known default settings.
1. Press the save/recall SETUP button to display the Setup menu (Figure 1-4).
SETUP Button
Figure 1-4: Menu Button Locations (Gray Buttons)
The digitizing oscilloscope displays main menus along the bottom of the
screen. Figure 1-5 shows the Setup main menu.
Recall Factory Setup
Menu Item and Button
Figure 1-5: The Displayed Setup Menu
1Ć8
Getting Started
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
To select menu items from a displayed main menu, you press the button
below the desired menu item. For example, the third menu item from the
left is Recall Factory Setup, which is the default factory setup that you
what for this example.
2. Press the button directly below the Recall Factory Setup menu item.
The display shows side menus along the right side of the screen. The
buttons to select these side menu items are to the right of the screen.
Because an accidental instrument reset could destroy a setup that took a
long time to create, the digitizing oscilloscope asks you to verify the
Recall Factory Setup main menu selection (see Figure 1-6).
OK Confirm Factory Init
Menu Item and Button
Figure 1-6: The Recall Factory Side Menu
3. Press the button to the right of the OK Confirm Factory Init side menu
item.
NOTE
This manual uses the following notation to represent the sequence
of selections you made in steps 1, 2 and 3: Press save/recall SETUP ➞ Recall Factory Setup (main) ➞ OK Confirm Factory Init
(side).
Nm:Man
1Ć9
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
Using Autoset
When you first connect a signal to a channel and display it, the signal displayed may not be usable. Use the digitizing oscilloscope’s autoset function
when that happens and you will quickly get a meaningful display.
For example, the factory default settings are useful for many of the signals
you will be viewing with your digitizing oscilloscope. However, they are not
appropriate for the rear panel test signal output. You therefore do not have a
particularly usable display.
Now use the AUTOSET button to quickly get a clear, stable display.
1. Press the AUTOSET button (see Figure 1-7) and observe the stable
waveform display.
AUTOSET Button
Figure 1-7: AUTOSET Button Location
1Ć10
Getting Started
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
Figure 1-8: The Display After Pressing Factory Initialization and
Autoset
Figure 1-8 shows the display after pressing AUTOSET for an instrument
with delay lines.
NOTE
If you have an instrument without delay lines (TDS 820 Option 1D),
your display may appear slightly different, but the following steps
will still function as described.
2. To remove a menu from the display, press the CLEAR MENU button
below the side menu buttons.
Display Elements
There are several important points to observe about the digitizing oscilloscope
display:
H The channel reference indicator shows the vertical position of channel 1
ground when offset is to 0 V. (Otherwise, it shows ground plus offset.)
H The trigger readout shows that the digitizing oscilloscope is triggering on
a rising edge. It also indicates the trigger level.
H The time base position readout shows the value of the main time base
position (the time from the trigger to the first sample).
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1Ć11
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
H The time base readout shows that the time base is showing a horizontal
scale of 500 ns/div. The “M” indicates that it is the main time base. A “D”
indicates a delayed time base.
H The channel readout indicates that channel 1 (Ch1) is selected. Its vertical scale is also displayed. The digitizing oscilloscope always displays
channel 1 at reset.
Channel Reference
Indicator
Trigger Readout
Time Base Readout
Channel Readout
Figure 1-9: Display Elements
When a menu is displayed, the channel, time base, and trigger readouts
appear in the graticule area. After you press the CLEAR MENU button, the
readouts move below the graticule.
Adjusting the
Display
After factory initialization, the display is in dots mode. You can adjust various
display parameters using the DISPLAY button, which brings up the display
menu (Figure 1-10).
1. Press the DISPLAY button.
1Ć12
Getting Started
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
Side Menu Title
Figure 1-10: The Display Main Menu and Style Side Menu
Each menu item in the Display menu shows a side menu. Right now, the
Style item in the main menu is highlighted, which means that the side
menu shows the style choices. (If it is not, press the Style menu button to
display them.)
2. Press the Vectors button on the side menu. Observe that the display
switches from dots (the factory default setting) to vectors.
Adjusting the
Waveform Display
The display shows the rear panel test signal. It is a 1 MHz square wave of
approximately 300 mV amplitude. To adjust the size and placement of the
waveform use the front-panel knobs.
Figure 1-11 shows the main VERTICAL and HORIZONTAL sections of the
front panel. Each section has SCALE and POSITION knobs.
Nm:Man
1Ć13
Example 1: Displaying a Waveform
Figure 1-11: The VERTICAL and HORIZONTAL Controls
1. Turn the vertical SCALE knob a few clicks in first one direction, then the
other. Observe the change in the displayed waveform and the channel
readout at the bottom of the display.
2. Turn the vertical POSITION knob in first one direction, then the other.
Observe the change in the displayed waveform. Then return the waveform to the center of the graticule.
Hint: To make large changes quickly with the position knob, press the
SHIFT button before turning the knob. When the light above the SHIFT
button is illuminated and the display says Coarse Knobs in the upperright corner, the knob speeds up significantly.
3. Turn the horizontal SCALE knob one click clockwise. Observe the time
base readout at the bottom of the display. The time base should be set to
200 ns/div now, and you should see two complete waveform cycles on
the display.
1Ć14
Getting Started
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms
In this example you learn how to display and control more than one waveform
at a time.
1. If you are not continuing from the previous example, follow the instructions on page 1-6 under the heading “Setting Up for the Examples.”
2. Reset the digitizing oscilloscope. (Press SETUP ➞ Recall Factory
Setup (main) ➞ OK Confirm Factory Init (side).)
3. Press the AUTOSET button.
Adding a Waveform
The VERTICAL section of the front panel contains the channel selection
buttons. On the TDS 820 these are CH 1, CH 2, and MORE (Figure 1-12).
Figure 1-12: The Channel Buttons and Lights
Each of the channel (CH) buttons has a light above its label. Right now,
the CH 1 light is on. That indicates that the vertical controls are set to
adjust channel 1.
4. Press CH 2.
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1Ć15
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms
The display shows a second waveform, which represents the signal on
channel 2 superimposed on the first waveform.
There are several other important things to observe:
H The channel readout on the display now shows the settings for both Ch1
and Ch2.
H There are two channel indicators at the left edge of the graticule. Right
now, they overlap.
H The light next to the CH 2 button is now on and the CH 1 light is off.
Because the knobs control only one channel at a time, the vertical controls are now set to adjust channel 2.
H The trigger is still detecting trigger events from the external TRIGGER
INPUT. This has not changed by your adding a channel. (You can change
the trigger source by using the TRIGGER MENU button to display the
trigger menu.)
5. Turn the vertical POSITION knob clockwise to move the channel 2 waveform up on the graticule. You will notice that the channel ground reference
indicator for channel 2 moves with the waveform.
6. Now press AUTOSET again. You will see the two waveforms, channel 2
below channel 1, sized appropriately so that they are both entirely visible
on the display. Channel 1 becomes the selected waveform.
7. Press the VERTICAL MENU button.
The VERTICAL MENU button displays a menu that gives you control
over many vertical channel parameters (Figure 1-13). Although you can
display more than one channel, the vertical menu and buttons only adjust
the selected channel.
Each menu item in the Vertical menu displays a side menu. Right now,
the Offset item in the main menu is highlighted, which means that the
side menu shows the vertical offset choices. (Press the Offset (main)
button if it is not.) At the top of the side menu, the menu title shows the
channel affected by the menu choices. It always matches the lighted
channel button.
1Ć16
Getting Started
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms
Side Menu Title
Channel Reference
Indicator
Figure 1-13: The Vertical Main Menu and Offset Side Menu
8. Press the side menu item that sets the vertical offset to 0 V. This changes
the vertical offset for channel 1.
Changing Controls
to Another Channel
Pressing a channel (CH) button sets the vertical controls to that channel. It
also adds the channel to the display if that waveform is not already displayed.
1. Press the CH 2 button in the vertical section of the front panel.
Observe that now the side menu title shows Ch2 and that the light above
CH 2 is lighted (Figure 1-14). The highlighted menu item in the side menu
has changed from the vertical offset channel 1 setting to the vertical offset
setting of channel 2.
Because channel 2 has no signal, AUTOSET may have chosen an inappropriately sensitive vertical scale setting, and you may see random
noise. To reduce this random noise, turn the vertical scale knob counterclockwise until channel 2 appears as you would like.
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1Ć17
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms
Side Menu Title
Figure 1-14: The Menus After Changing Channels
2. Press Fine Scale (main) to adjust the channel 2 vertical scale.
3. Use the numeric keypad to set the vertical scale to 125 mV per division.
Enter 125, then SHIFT, then m (the shifted 9 key). Then press ENTER.
Removing a
Waveform
You use a two-step process to remove waveforms from the display. First,
select the channel using the channel (CH) button. Second, press the WAVEFORM OFF button.
4. Press the WAVEFORM OFF button (see Figure 1-15).
1Ć18
Getting Started
Example 2: Multiple Waveforms
WAVEFORM OFF Button
Figure 1-15: WAVEFORM OFF Button Location
Because the CH 2 light was on when you pressed the WAVEFORM OFF
button, the oscilloscope removed the channel 2 waveform.
The channel (CH) lights now indicate channel 1. Channel 1 has become
the selected channel.
5. Press the WAVEFORM OFF button again to remove channel 1’s waveform.
When you remove the last waveform, all the CH lights turn off.
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1Ć19
Example 3: Automated Measurements
In this example you learn how to use the automated measurement system to
get numeric readouts of important waveform characteristics.
1. If you are not continuing from the previous example, follow the instructions on page 1-6 under the heading “Setting Up for the Examples.”
2. Reset the digitizing oscilloscope. (Press the SETUP ➞ Recall Factory
Setup (main) ➞ OK Confirm Factory Init (side).)
3. Press the AUTOSET button.
Displaying
Automated
Measurements
To use the automated measurement system, you must have a stable display
of your signal. Also, the waveform must have all the segments necessary for
the measurement you want. For example, a rise time measurement requires
at least one rising edge and a frequency measurement needs at least one
complete cycle.
1. Press MEASURE to display the Measure main menu (see Figure 1-16).
Figure 1-16: Measure Main Menu and Select Measurement Side Menu
1Ć20
Getting Started
Example 3: Automated Measurements
2. If it is not already selected, press Select Measrmnt (main). The readout
for that menu item indicates which channel the measurement will be
taken from. All automated measurements are made on the selected
channel.
The right side of the display shows the Select Measurement side menu.
That menu lists some of the possible waveform measurements.
There are many different measurements available. You can select up to
four measurements to be taken and displayed at any one time. Pressing
the button next to the –more– menu item brings up the other measurement selections.
3. Press Frequency (side). If the Frequency menu item is not visible, press
the –more– (side) repeatedly until the Frequency item appears. Then
press Frequency (side).
Observe that the frequency measurement appears within the right side of
the graticule area. The measurement readout includes the notation Ch1,
meaning that that measurement is taken on the channel 1 waveform. (To
take a measurement on another channel, you would select that channel
and then select the measurement.)
4. Press Positive Width (side) ➞ –more– (side) ➞ Rise time (side) ➞
Positive Duty Cycle (side).
NOTE
If the instrument displays the words “Low Resolution” under the rise
time readout, it cannot take enough samples on the leading edge of
the waveform to ensure accuracy. Use a faster time per division
setting to correct the problem.
Observe that all four measurements are displayed. Right now, they cover
a part of the graticule area, including the displayed waveforms.
5. To move the measurement readouts outside the graticule, press CLEAR
MENU (Figure 1-17).
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1Ć21
Example 3: Automated Measurements
Figure 1-17: Four Simultaneous Measurement Readouts
Removing
Measurement
Readouts
The Measure menu lets you remove measurements you no longer want
displayed. You can remove any one measurement or you can remove them
all with a single menu item.
Changing the
Measurement
Reference Levels
By default, the measurement system will use the 10% and 90% levels of the
waveform for taking the rise time measurement. You can change these values
to other percentages, or change them to absolute voltage levels.
Press MEASURE ➞ Remove Measrmnt (main) ➞ Measurement 1, Measurement 2, and Measurement 4 (side) to remove those measurements.
Leave the rise time measurement displayed.
To examine the current values, press the Reference Levels (main) ➞
High Ref (side).
The General Purpose Knob
The general purpose knob, the large knob with the indentation, is now set to
adjust the high reference level (Figure 1-18).
1Ć22
Getting Started
Example 3: Automated Measurements
General Purpose Knob
Setting and Readout
General Purpose
Knob Icon
Highlighted Menu Item with
Boxed Readout Value
Figure 1-18: General Purpose Knob Indicators
There are several important things to observe on the screen:
H The knob icon appears at the top of the screen. That indicates that the
general purpose knob can adjust a parameter.
H The upper right corner of the screen shows the readout High Ref: 90%.
H The High Ref side menu item is highlighted and a box drawn around the
90% readout in the High Ref menu item. The box indicates that the
general purpose knob can adjust that parameter.
Turn the general purpose knob left and right, and then use it to adjust the high
level to 80%. That sets the high measurement reference to 80%.
Hint: To make large changes quickly with the general purpose knob, press the
SHIFT button before turning the knob. When the light above the SHIFT button
is illuminated and the display says Coarse Knobs in the upper-right corner,
the general purpose knob speeds up significantly.
The Numeric Keypad
Any time the general purpose knob can adjust a parameter, instead of using
the knob you can enter the value as a number using the keypad. Always end
) button.
the entry of a number by pressing the ENTER (
The numeric keypad also provides multipliers for engineering exponents, such
as m for milli, M for mega, and m for micro. To enter these multiplier values,
press the SHIFT button, then press the multiplier.
1. Press Low Ref (side).
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1Ć23
Example 3: Automated Measurements
2. On the numeric keypad, press the 2 button, the 0 button, and the ENTER
) button.
(
This step sets the low measurement reference to 20%. Observe that the
rise time value has changed.
Now you want to return the display to its original state.
3. Press Remove Measrmnt (main) ➞ All Measurements (side).
1Ć24
Getting Started
Example 4: Saving Setups
This example shows you how to save all the settings of the digitizing oscilloscope and how to recall the setup later to quickly reestablish the previously
saved state. The oscilloscope provides 10 storage locations where you can
save the setups.
Besides being able to save several complete setups, the digitizing oscilloscope saves all the parameter settings when you power off. That feature lets
you power on and continue where you stopped without having to reconstruct
the state of the digitizing oscilloscope.
1. If you are not continuing from the previous example, follow the instructions on page 1-6 under the heading “Setting Up for the Examples.”
2. Reset the digitizing oscilloscope. (Press SETUP ➞ Recall Factory
Setup (main) ➞ OK Confirm Factory Init (side).)
3. Press the AUTOSET button.
Saving a Setup
In this example you first need to create an instrument setup you want to save.
The next several steps establish a display with a measurement on one waveform. That setup is complex enough that you would prefer not to go through
all these steps each time you want that display.
1. Press MEASURE ➞ Select Measrmnt (main) ➞ Frequency (side).
(Press the –more– side menu item if the Frequency selection does not
appear in the side menu.)
2. Press the CLEAR MENU button.
Once you have established an instrument setup, you can save it in any of
several setup locations.
NOTE
The next step asks you to save a setup in a setup location of your
choice. If you work in a laboratory environment where several
people share the digitizing oscilloscope, check with the other users
to be certain the setup location you are using is not already being
used by someone else.
3. Press the SETUP button to display the Setup main menu (see Figure 1-19). Press the Save Current Setup main menu button.
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1Ć25
Example 4: Saving Setups
Figure 1-19: Save/Recall Setup Menu
4. To store the current instrument settings into that setup location, press one
of the To Setup side menu buttons.
There are more setup locations than can be listed at one time in the side
menu. The –more– side menu item gives you access to all the setup
locations.
Once you have saved a particular setup, you can change the settings as
you wish, knowing that you can come back to that setup at any time.
5. Press the MEASURE button to display the Measure main menu. Select
the Positive Width side menu item to add that measurement to the
display.
Recalling a Setup
To recall the setup, press SETUP ➞ Recall Saved Setup (main) ➞ Recall
Setup (side) for the setup location you used in Step 4. The oscilloscope
returns to the setup you saved in Step 4. The positive width measurement is
now removed from the display because you selected it after you saved the
setup.
This completes the examples. You can restore the default settings by pressing SETUP ➞ Recall Factory Setup (main) ➞ OK Confirm Factory Init
(side).
1Ć26
Getting Started
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