User Manual - Riello UPS
UPSMON
User Manual
0MNU106NPB-GB
This release supersedes all previous releases. Specifications are subject to change without any prior notice.
UPSMON User Manual
Contents • i
Limited Warranty
This software and the enclosed materials are provided without warranty of any kind. The entire risk of the software quality, performance of
the program, media free of defects, faulty workmanship, incorrect use of the software or UPS, error free documentation and enclosed
material is assumed by the user. We do not take any responsibility for the correct function of the software and the security of your system or
files, which might be damaged due to possible non correct function of our software. There is no warranty to the correct functions of the
software with the operating systems, loss of data or interruption of work processes, other UPS problems or to other errors that may occur
from this combination
Copyright
The information contained in this manual is non-conditional and may be changed without any notice. The software manufacturer undertakes
no obligations with this information. The software described in this manual is given on the basis of a license contract and an obligation to
secrecy (i.e. an obligation not to further publicise the software material). The purchaser may make a single copy of the software material for
backup purposes. No parts of this manual may be transferred to third persons, either electronically, mechanically, by photocopies or similar
means, without the express written permission of the software manufacturer.
The UPSVIEW software includes the license for using the UPS service at one server with one UPS. For operation at several servers a license for every
new server is required. It doesn’t matter if the UPS service runs at that location or if the server is halted by an UPS service via remote command. The
service programs are generally delivered as a single-license. If there is more than one disk in one package all of them have the same serial number
and must not be used for future installations. To use a single CD ROM for several multi-server shutdown installations you have to purchase additional
CD license keys.
Copyright of the European Union is effective (Copyright EU).
Copyright © 2007 RPS S.p.a. All rights reserved.
ii • Contents
UPSMON User Manual
Contents
I. What is UPSMON?
5 II. Quick Start Guide
6 Quick start guide to installing the software
6 Installation of UPSMON
7 1. III. 1. 2. IV. 1. 2. V. 1. 2. 3. 4. VI. 1. 2. 3. 4. VII. 1. Before the installation
1.1 Hardware requirements
1.2 Software requirements
1.3 User requirements
Installation
2.1 Windows
2.2 UNIX
2.3 Novell Netware
2.4 Mac OS X
7 7 7 7 8 8 8 9 10 Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard)
11 Wizsetup for Windows
Wizsetup for JAVA and MAC OS X
11 13 Advanced UPSMON Configuration
15 Upsetup for Windows
1.1 Main parameters
1.2 Network services
1.3 UPS connections
1.4 Remote sensors
1.5 Configurations
1.6 Action scheduler
1.7 States and actions
1.8 About
Upsetup for UNIX
2.1 General parameters
2.2 UPS Configuration
2.3 Message configuration
2.4 Scheduler
2.5 Job configuration
Upsetup for Novell Netware
Upsetup for JAVA and Mac OS X
15 16 18 19 25 27 33 34 37 38 39 41 47 49 50 53 54 Running the UPSMON
55 Upsview for Windows
1.1 Connecting with Upsagent
1.2 Upsview menus
1.3 Display for the sensors associated with an SNMP adapter
Upsview for UNIX
2.1 Connections with Upsagent
2.2 The displays
The Upsview for Novell Netware
The Upsview for JAVA and Mac OS X
55 55 57 64 65 65 67 72 73 Uninstallation of the UPSMON
74 Uninstall procedure for Windows
74 UPSMON User Manual
Contents • iii
2. 3. 4. VIII. 1. 2. IX. 1. 2. 3. X. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. iv • Contents
Uninstall procedure for UNIX
Uninstall procedure for Novell Netware
Uninstall procedure for Mac OS X
74 74 74 Configuration for expert users
75 Manual changes of the UPSMON.INI parameters
Console execution of Upsagent
75 75 Communication port specifications
77 RS-232 specifications
IRIX - serial communication ports
4D Compatible Pin Assignments (RS-232)
77 77 79 Troubleshooting
80 General
All operating systems
Troubleshooting Novell NetWare
Troubleshooting Windows
Troubleshooting UNIX
80 80 80 81 81 UPSMON User Manual
I.
What is UPSMON?
The UPSMON software package is a client/server-application for networks and local workstations used for monitoring UPS systems. The
server-module of the UPSMON Software is the Upsagent, this communicates via an RS-232 or TCP/IP network cable with the UPS.
When the Upsagent is operating it collects (as a background program) the messages sent from the UPS. The Upsagent interprets the
received messages and makes them available to the client-module, which is known as Upsview. The communication of the data between
the Upsagent and the Upsview can be done either via TCP/IP or shared memory on a local computer.
If the Upsagent detects mains supply voltage variations or even a total power loss, it can execute various command scripts, which for example may
either perform a shutdown of the server or send warnings to the connected users. These scripts which are a part of the UPSMON package can be
adapted to suit your specific requirements. When a change in the UPS alarm-status is detected, there is a corresponding file (i.e. shell
script/command file) that will be executed either when the alarm is activated or deactivated. If an alarm condition remains for a long duration, the
user can customise the system to shutdown.
The user may also prompt the UPS to shutdown to save autonomy time, which allows the system adequate time to enable further shutdowns in the
unfortunate event of a repetitive alarm condition.
The configuration of the UPSMON package (primarily used for the Upsagent), is performed using the Upsetup module.
The Upsview module is used for operating and monitoring the active Upsagent module that is connected to the UPS. It is possible to
check the status of the UPS using various views, for example block diagram or alarm tables. The Upsview can be used to constantly
monitor and evaluate the event file (log file) which is permanently updated with the changing status of the UPS by the Upsagent.
UPSMON User Manual
What is UPSMON • 5
II.
Quick Start Guide
1.
Quick start guide to installing the software
1.
Make a note of the UPS PRTK code, this code is located on a label that will be positioned on either the front or the rear
of the UPS (e.g. SENTR……).
2.
If the connection to the UPS is to be made via a serial or USB port install the software and when prompted enter the
PRTK code.
3.
If the connection to the UPS(s) is to be made via a network using a NetMan adaptor, first setup the NetMan following the
NetMan user manual, the most important information required for the NetMan is the IP address, netmask and the router
address, all of which are entered via option 1 of the Netman main menu screen.
4.
Enter the PRTK code (from note 1) into the Netman via option 5 of the Netman main menu.
5.
Once the software is installed, select Upsetup followed by the UPS configuration tab, then enter the PRTK code and the
method of communication (ensure to use the correct IP address as set in the Netman).
6.
For further information refer to this User Manual.
6 • Quick start guide
UPSMON User Manual
III. Installation of UPSMON
1.
Before the installation
Before commencing the software installation, please read this manual carefully.
1.1
Hardware requirements
UPS:
Connect the UPS to the chosen serial port of your computer, various UPS provide several methods of communication
interfacing; please ensure that the interface for RS-232 communication is used.
Cable:
To ensure correct operation of this software ensure that the correct communications cable is used; the correct cable should be
supplied either with this software or the UPS. Do not connect any other cable between UPS and computer.
1.2
Software requirements
TCP/IP:
UPSMON is based on TCP/IP; therefore for this function to operate, TCP/IP must be installed. If TCP/IP is not
installed, communication with the UPS is only possible via a local serial connection, and thus the Upsview can only
connect to the Upsagent via shared memory on the local computer.
A dedicated system port for the UPS:
To ensure the correct communication with a local UPS via a serial port, please ensure that
the selected port is free (not required by any other device or program).
This is very important for UNIX environments, when the system is often running some
demon how getty for connection terminal through the serial port.
No other process must be operational using the selected serial port used by UPSMON. To
uninstall any processes (e.g. getty demon) please refer to the operating system user manual.
1.3
User requirements
To ensure correct installation of this software, many systems require the user to have super user rights, therefore when
installing this software ensure that you are logged on as an administrator, super user or root, prior to the installation procedure.
UPSMON User Manual
Installation of the UPSMON • 7
2.
Installation
2.1
Windows
1.
To install UPSMON, use the installation CD and run the program Upsmon-<Version>-windows-intel.msi . For Windows
NT, 2000, Xp and 2003 server you need administrator rights.
2.
When prompted, select the destination folder for the program files.
3.
The Installation program will automatically copy all of the necessary files, create a program group and install the startup
shortcut for the Upsagent.
4.
After successfully installing the software, the Upsetup (or Wizsetup, the wizard of UPSMON) program will start
automatically, when prompted enter the correct PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label
which can be found on either the front or the rear of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of
UPSMON.
5.
The configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Upsetup program; this will enable correct communication with the
UPS and complete setup of the software operational parameters. Otherwise it is possible to use the wizard (Wizsetup) that
allow a basic software configuration.
NOTE: To confirm the correct installation on Windows NT, 2000, Xp and 2003 Server, it is possible to view a list of all installed
services in the Control Panel / Services.
NOTE: The destination PC must have Windows Installer in order to run the installation package.
2.2
UNIX
1.
To install UPSMON, insert the UPSMON CDROM and execute the MOUNT command to access the included file. There
are several specific options for this command, these option are dependent on the different versions of UNIX, for example
the configuration for the file authorisation, the filename written in upper or lower case etc.
The following table describes specific options for the specific UNIX operating systems:
UNIX System
Options
Device name
Linux
-o mode=777 -t iso9660
/dev/cdrom
HP UX
-o case
/dev/dsk/c0t(id)d0
SCO Unix
-oro
/dev/cd0
Unixware
-F cdfs -o -o fperm=777
/dev/cdrom/c0b0t(id)l0
Tru64
-f cdfs –o noversion
/dev/rz(id)a
Solaris
-F hsfs –r
/dev/dsk/c0t(id)d0s2
IRIX
-t iso9660
/dev/scsi/sc0d7l0
Where (id) is the SCSI-Id. There are two possible case modes for filenames on the CD-ROM: all filenames are either
upper or lower case. This must be noted when you name the installation program or when you change the subdirectory at
the CD-ROM. The ISO9660 specification supports also version numbers of filename, therefore on some systems you will
find suffixes ";" (semicolon) or "." (dot) with filenames. As you can abbreviate filenames with wildcards "*" you
shouldn’t have any problems with this feature.
ATTENTION: Sometimes it is necessary to change, using the CHMOD command, the execution-rights of the install script or
other scripts. (“chmod 777 setup.scr”, …). Use a case sensitive mount command for your CD ROM if an execution error occurs.
8 • Installation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
2.
To install UPSMON run the specific command for the operating system where the software is to be installed:
Operating System
Command
AIX
installp -d directory upsmon
Digital UNIX
OSF/1
Compaq Tru64 UNIX
setld -a directory
/usr/sbin/setld -l
FreeBSD
NetBSD
OpenBSD
cd directory
pkg_add upsmon
BSD
HP-UX
swinstall -s directory upsmon
IRIX
swmgr -f directory
Linux Debian
dpkg -i directory/upsmon-xxx.deb
Linux rpm
rpm -i directory/upsmon-xxx.rpm
Solaris
pkgadd -d directory upsmon
3.
The install command will expand automatically all the files and will create the startup shortcut for Upsagent in the
correct directory for the specific UNIX operating system.
4.
After successfully installing the software, launch the Upsetup program. When prompted enter the correct PRTK code for
the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front or the rear of the UPS, and
failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
5.
When installing UPSMON on UNIX, the software requires the CDROM serial and license number. The serial and license
number can be obtained from the UPS manufacturer or supplier.
6.
The configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Upsetup program; this will enable correct communication with the
UPS and setup of the software operational parameters.
ATTENTION: To copy the UPSMON into the Unix-system from the CD medium, a CD-ROM drive and a CDFS-filesystem-driver
(ISO 9660) is required. Otherwise use a DOS- or Windows-workstation on your network, insert the CD into this machine, Now
copy the software (e.g. via FTP) to the hard disk of the Unix-system. Make a copy of the complete Unix-directory.
ATTENTION: When configuring Upsmon on a platform which can support JAVA environment v1.4 or higher, it is possible to use
the JAVA version of Upsetup. For these platform it is possible to use also the wizard JAVA Wizsetup that perform a basic
configuration to ensure a correct communication with the UPS.
2.3
Novell Netware
1.
The Installation must be started from an MS Windows workstation that is connected to the server by a user with
administrator rights.
2.
To install UPSMON start the SETUP.EXE program located on the installation CD.
3.
When prompted, select the destination folder for the program files.
4.
The Installation program will automatically copy all of the necessary files and create a program group, however a
shortcut to start the Upsagent module must be created in Autoexec.ncf (by system utility Install or NwConfig).
UPSMON User Manual
Installation of the UPSMON • 9
5.
After successfully installing the software, the Upsetup program will start automatically, when prompted enter the correct
PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front or the rear
of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
6.
The configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Upsetup program; this will enable correct communication with the
UPS and setup of the software operational parameters.
ATTENTION: After the installation it is possible to configure the UPSMON using the Windows programs Upsetup.exe and
Upsview.exe, or it is possible to use NLM module Upsetup.nlm and Upsview.nlm directly on the server console.
ATTENTION: To successfully start the Upsagent on some systems a successful start of UPSMON is required. This system NLM
modules must be started before you start the Upsagent or Upsview module: AIOCOMX.NLM (for specified serial port) and
TCPIP.NLM. For more details consult the system user manual.
ATTENTION: The standard version of UPSMON for Novell Netware only supports Novell Netware 4.x and 5.x. For Novell Netware
3.12 you must use the special version of UPSMON located in directory 312.
2.4
Mac OS X
1.
The installation must be performed by a user with root rights.
2.
To install UPSMON start the file Setup.dmg.sit on the installation CD, the program will unpack the installation package
Upsmon.pkg.
3.
Select and execute the package.
4.
The installation program will automatically copy all the necessary files and create on the Applications directory 3 new
icons for the viewer, configuration program and wizard. The Upsagent module will startup automatically at the next
reboot.
5.
After successfully installing the software, the Wizsetup program will start automatically, when prompted enter the correct
PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front or the rear
of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
6.
The basic configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Wizsetup program; this will enable correct communication
with the UPS. The full configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Upsetup program; this will enable correct
communication with the UPS and complete setup of the software operational parameters.
10 • Installation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
IV. Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard)
The basic configuration of UPSMON (WINDOWS or JAVA version) is performed using the Wizsetup program; this will enable correct
communication with the UPS and setup of the main software operational parameters.
ATTENTION: Bad parameters or undesirable manual changes of the upsmon.ini file may cause incorrect operation of the
UPSMON software, primarily the Upsagent module.
1.
Wizsetup for Windows
ATTENTION: If the Wizsetup program is started for first time, the software will require a PRTK code, therefore when prompted
enter the correct PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front
or the rear of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
ATTENTION: Administrative rights are required when saving the configuration using Windows NT, 2000 Xp, 2003.
The basic configuration of UPSMON performed using the Wizsetup program is due in three step. Is possible to open the configuration
complete program Upsetup by clicking the button with the caption Upsetup.
1.
UPSMON User Manual
Welcome page: in this page is possible to select the language of UPSMON.
Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard) • 11
2.
UPS Configuration page: in this page is possible to configure UPS parameters and the connection parameters to
use to communicate with UPS.
3.
Shutdown page: in this page is possible to configure the system shutdown and the UPS shutdown.
12 • Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard)
UPSMON User Manual
2.
Wizsetup for JAVA and MAC OS X
ATTENTION: If the Wizsetup program is started for first time, the software will require a PRTK code, therefore when prompted
enter the correct PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front
or the rear of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
The basic configuration of UPSMON performed using the Wizsetup program is due in three step. Is possible to open the configuration
complete program Upsetup by clicking the button with the caption Upsetup.
1.
Welcome page: in this page is possible to select the language of UPSMON.
2.
UPS Configuration page: in this page is possible to configure UPS parameters and the connection parameters to
use to communicate with UPS.
UPSMON User Manual
Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard) • 13
3.
Shutdown page: in this page is possible to configure the system shutdown and the UPS shutdown.
14 • Simple UPSMON Configuration (Wizard)
UPSMON User Manual
V.
Advanced UPSMON Configuration
The configuration of UPSMON is performed using the Upsetup program; this will enable correct communication with the UPS and setup
of the software operational parameters.
ATTENTION: Bad parameters or undesirable manual changes of the upsmon.ini file may cause incorrect operation of the
UPSMON software, primarily the Upsagent module.
1.
Upsetup for Windows
ATTENTION: If the Upsetup program is started for first time, the software will require a PRTK code, therefore when prompted
enter the correct PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front
or the rear of the UPS, and failure to input this code will prevent the operation of UPSMON.
ATTENTION: Administrative rights are required when saving the configuration using Windows NT, 2000 Xp, 2003.
The Upsetup program is divided into 8 main sections:
1.
Main parameters: The main parameters section is used to set up all of the common parameters, such as the system
name, location, personnel contact name and parameters for log files.
2.
Network services: The network services section is used to configure the network services such as tcpip, snmp etc.
3.
UPS connections: The UPS connections section is used to configure a list of the UPS to be monitored by the Upsagent
and the communication parameters for each UPS.
4.
Remote sensors: this section lets you set up to 32 sensors (temperature, humidity and digital I/O sensors), associating
them with the UPS systems monitored remotely via an on-line connection.
5.
Configurations: The configurations section is used to specify the method used to send a message to personnel who will
be required to be notified with regards to an alarm condition occurring with the UPS, several message types are possible,
such as email, text, voice and fax. Before using any of these options you must configure the desired service on the
computer.
6.
Schedule parameters: The schedule parameters section is used to configure any scheduled actions. It is possible to
specify scheduled actions such as UPS shutdown, reboot, test, etc; these actions will be executed at a specified time.
7.
Jobs parameters: The jobs parameters section is used to configure the jobs to be carried out by the UPSMON when an
alarm condition occurs, for example it is possible to customise each alarm to carry out a specific set of tasks such as run a
shutdown user defined script, send email, SMS or network messages etc.
8.
About: The about section show the software version and permit to pass to the FULL version of the program (in which it
could be possible to monitoring up to 32 UPS).
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 15
1.1
Main parameters
16 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
Parameter name
Parameter description
Default
System name
Defines the name of the local system.
Server
System location
Defines the location of the local system.
Server room
System contact
Defines the contact persons name for the local system.
Administrator
Language
Language selection. All messages and text in UPSMON (except some
system messages) is described in lang_xx.ini files. The default is
lang_00.ini used for the standard English language interface.
Lang_00 (english
language)
Event logfile enabled
Enables or disables the use of the event logfile for logging the events
by the Upsagent module.
Enabled
Data logfile enabled
Enables or disables the use of the data logfile for logging measured
values by the Upsagent module.
Disabled
Log rate
Defines the interval (in seconds) in which the Upsagent writes the
measured values into the data log file.
5 seconds
Minimum size
Defines the minimum time (in hours) of the data logfile for the
measured values.
1 hour
Maximum size
Defines the maximum time (in hours) of the data logfile for the
measured values. The data logfile will be reset back to the minimum
size (value of Minimum size) if the logfile contains more data than the
configured values.
5 hours
Autoclose local message window
(only for Windows)
When selected the window that appears with the message with regards
to the UPS status displayed on desktop will automatically be closed
after 10 seconds, if this is not selected the message must be cleared
manually by the OK button.
Enabled
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 17
1.2
Network services
Parameter name
TCP/IP Service: Server enabled
TCP/IP Service: UDP Port
SNMP Service: SNMP enabled
HTTP Service: HTTP enabled
HTTP Service: HTTP path
WAP Service: WAP enabled
Ignore remote UPS commands
Password protection
18 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
Parameter description
Enables or disables the connection access of other computers running
the Upsagent or Upsview programs.
The UDP communication port. This must be same on all system using
UPSMON
Allows the support for SNMP. The data and the status of the Ups can
be monitored via SNMP.
Allows the support for HTTP. The data and the status of the Ups can
be monitored via HTTP through the html static page created by
Upsagent.
Used to specify where the Upsagent creates the html static page with
the UPS data and status for HTTP monitoring.
Allows the support for WAP. The data and the status of the Ups can
be monitored via WAP.
Enables or disables access from remote computers to make
commands to the UPS(by Upsagent or Upsview). This feature is used
to prevent a remote user from forcing a command to the UPS, such as
UPS shutdown or test etc.
If selected the software will require a password for communication
with the UPS. This password is to protect the Upsagent connection. If
the user doesn’t know the password, it will not be possible to connect
the agent.
UPSMON User Manual
Default
Enabled
33000
Disabled
Disabled
Empty
Disabled
Disabled
Disabled
1.3
UPS connections
The UPS connection window contains the list of the UPS that will be monitored by the Upsagent.
It is possible to add, delete or edit the UPS list.
The STANDARD version of UPSMON will only allow one UPS to be monitored either locally or via a network by the Upsagent. The
FULL version will allow one UPS to be monitored locally and up to 31 UPS to be monitored via a network by the Upsagent. To change
the STANDARD version to the FULL version you must enter the CDROM serial number and relevant License number using the About
tab and the enter code dialog box. The License number is available from the UPS manufacturer or supplier.
The FULL version of UPSMON also enables the operation of Parallel functionality. This function enables the setup of groups of UPS,
which are working in redundant operation. It is possible to create up to 10 groups, with each group containing up to 8 UPS (2 UPS
minimum) with up to 64 event actions.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Default
Update frequency
Defines the time-interval (in seconds) in which the Upsagent polls for
data from the UPS (if the Upsagent is connected to remote UPS via
network). This parameter is enabled only if there is at least one Ups
connected via TCP/IP in the list of connected Ups. The system speed
may be reduced due to permanent communication with the UPS if
this value is too small. If the value is too high the system will react
slower in the case of an alarm from the UPS. The recommended
values are from 1 second (for smaller networks) or 5-10 seconds (on
larger networks).
3 seconds
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 19
1.3.1
UPS configuration (select the Add or Modify button)
Parameter name
Parameter description
UPS Name
UPS identification name.
PRTK Code
The PRTK is used to determine the type of UPS to be monitored, the code to be entered can be
located on the UPS.
UPS Serial number
The UPS have unique serial numbers, this number used to identify the UPS. Enter the serial
number as printed on the UPS identification label. This field is important for the correct
operation with Teleservice program.
UPS connection
The UPS connection must be set to the chosen method to be used for the communication
between the computer and UPS(s). The first method of connection is local, this connection
method is used when the connection to the UPS is to be made via a serial port, if this method is
to be used ensure that the correct serial port and UPS address is selected. All the other settings
for the serial connection (baud speed etc) are automatically set for the selected UPS type. The
second method of connection is remote via a network, for this connection an IP address for the
computer or SNMP adapter must be specified for the device where the UPS is connected and the
device number (usually 1). Note: The Windows version supports USB communication via USBUPS adapter. The USB communication is supported by MS Windows 95 OSR2, 98, 2000 and
higher. Note: The TCP/IP communication allows the user to specify a remote Upsagent or
SNMP adapter location by host name (or DNS name).
Password protection
It is possible to specify a connection password for each UPS connected. This password must
always be specified to connect the specific UPS.
Remote sensors
It is possible to specify whether temperature, humidity and/or digital I/O sensors are associated
with the SNMP adapter to which the remotely connected UPS is connected. This will make it
possible to configure the sensors in the right section and activate the relative alarms.
20 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
System shutdown
This field is used to specify the parameters for the system shutdown, the system Shutdown can
be triggered by either a specified time after AC Fail or if the UPS autonomy time is below a
specified time. If the UPS sends a low battery signal to the computer (i.e. the UPS backup time is
low), the Upsagent will ignore the specified times and start the system shutdown procedure
immediately.
UPS shutdown
This field can be used to send a shutdown signal to the UPS once all remote computers have
shutdown, at this point the UPS will then shutdown
1.3.2
Parallel group configuration (select the Configure button)
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable parallel function
Enable or disable the parallel functionality.
Disable actions on single Ups
If selected, the standard configuration for the single UPS event will be ignored. The Upsagent
controls only the group status. If it is not selected, the Upsagent controls both the group events
and also the single UPS events. If this parameter is selected, the job actions defined in the job
dialog box are disabled for the single UPS.
Consider a Ups with lost
communication as an alarm
If selected, the active alarm level is raised, specified on the parallel event list, for each UPS in
communication lost condition.
Disable the System shutdown from
a single UPS
If selected, this disables the system and UPS shutdown time defined on the single UPS
configuration. This function shutdown time is the same time for the UPS parallel group.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 21
Parallel groups
User can add, modify or delete parallel groups. In the three “Parallel groups” it will be shown the
defined parallel groups. By expanding one group it is possible to see the Ups that belong to the
group. By selecting one parallel group, the belonging UPSs will be inserted on the list “Groups
UPS”.
It is possible to add an UPS to a parallel group: first select the UPS on the list “System groups”,
then press the green left arrow button. The new UPS will appear on the list “Groups UPS”.
It is possible to remove an UPS from the parallel group: first select the UPS on the list “Groups
UPS”, then press the green right arrow button. The UPS will disappear from the list “Groups
UPS”.
Note: Each parallel group must contain at least two UPS.
Redundancy level
Defines the redundancy level of the parallel group: possible choices are N (default), N+1 (for
groups with a minimum of 2 UPS), N+2 (for groups with a minimum of 3 UPS) and N+3 (for
groups with a minimum of 4 UPS).
N.B. A parallel group with redundancy N+i will stay active and operational even if “i” UPS
within the group fail. The load will be shared between the remaining UPS.
Enable system shutdown if all of
the UPS are supplied from the
batteries
System shutdown parameters for the parallel group can be defined. The shutdown may depend
on the fact that all the UPS comprising the parallel group are operating in battery mode.
The shutdown may depend on the fact that the “i-th” backup time of the parallel group selected
is lower than the preset time.
Enables system shutdown in the
N.B. If the redundancy level is N, the lowest backup time is considered; if it is N+1, the second
event of low back up time
lowest time is considered; if it is N+2, the third lowest time is considered, while if it is N+3, the
fourth lowest time is considered.
Enable the Ups shutdown after
It is possible to shutdown the groups’ UPS together with the system after the specified delay.
system shutdown
It is possibile to define a set of actions related to states or events for each parallel group. In order to configure these actions it is necessary
to select the parallel group and to press the “Jobs” button.
22 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
The selected parallel group is shown on the “Parallel group” tree. The user can add, modify, or remove the composite events related to
the selected parallel group. The composite events defined on the parallel group are shown on the “Activated jobs for parallel group” list.
Every composite event related to the group is made up of one or more simple events that may occur on the groups’ UPS. These simple
events are visible on the “Associated event list” list. The composite event occurs, and the defined actions are performed, only when all
the simple events on the list are verified on the same time. A composite event is made up to 6 simple event.
It is possible to add a simple event to the list of the composite events: first select a new simple event from the “Event list” list, then press
the green left arrow button. A dialog window will be shown; on this window it is possible to set the event priority: i.e. the number of the
groups’ UPS on which the simple event must occur for making it acknowledgeable.
It is possible to remove a simple event from the “Associated event list” list: first select the simple event from the list, then press the green
right arrow button. The event shall be removed from the list.
It is possible to modify the priority of a simple event by selecting it on the “Associated event list” list and double-click on it.
For each composite event related to the parallel group it is possible to set the actions that Upsagent will perform when the composite
event will occur. It is possible to define the message that will be sent at the composite event creation. This message will be shown on the
“Message” column of the “Activated jobs for parallel group” list.
Action name
Action description
In the message text it is possible to add actual values or information which will be displayed
along with the original information, these are as follows:
$NAME
Message
The UPS or Group name will be added to the message (See main
parameters dialog box).
$SYSNAME
The System name will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SYSLOC
The System location will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SHUTTIME
The time before shutdown of the local system in seconds.
$SHUTTIME1
The time before shutdown of the local system in the format: hh:mm:ss
$STH, $STM e $STS The three values: the time before the shutdown of the local system in
hours, minutes and seconds.
$REMTIME
The remaining UPS battery autonomy.
$REMCAP
The remaining UPS battery capacity.
If selected the event will to be logged into event log file.
Log event
ATTENTION: On Windows NT,2000 or XP platforms the events are also logged in the
system Application event log. On UNIX platforms the events are also logged into the
system log (this depends on system configuration: see syslog manual).
If selected the Upsagent will execute a specified command file when a selected condition occurs.
Execute file
UPSMON User Manual
Recommendation: Always use the full path name for the file.
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 23
Local message
Broadcast message
If selected this enables message to be displayed on the local computer, the messages can be
delayed to stop short event changes being displayed unnecessarily (e.g. short power problems) or
repeated to ensure acknowledgment.
For Windows the message is displayed on the desktop, OS/2 executes the ups_loc.cmd script,
Novell Netware sends the message to the server console and Unix executes the ups_loc.scr script.
If selected this enables a message to be sent to remote users via the network. For Windows the
message is broadcast to all connected users or only to some users depend on the configuration
inserted in the page Configurations, for other systems the ups_mess.scr (or .ncf for Novell
Netware) script is executed.
Recommendation: Use the wall command to send message to all connected users on Unix
systems.
Shutdown system
If selected this option enables the shutdown of the system, for Windows the ups_shut.cmd file is
searched for possible user specified commands before shutdown (e.g. quit databases, …) then the
standard system shutdown is executed using the WIN32 API functions.
For other systems the ups_shut.scr (or .cmd or .ncf) script is started with the appropriate
commands to provide the correct shutdown of the computer.
Email
Direct email support is for Windows only, when using other system a script etc must be used to
suit the individual system.
It is possible to specify a name and email address for email recipients in the Configuration tab. If
the Email checkbox is selected, then the message is sent to the specified users, also by standard
Windows MAPI or SMTP interface. Before using this option the email service must be
configured on the computer.
SMS
Enables the option to send the message as SMS to a specified GSM phone number.
Call to Teleguard
The Upsmon can be used to contact a teleservice monitoring and control system with regards to
the event occur on the parallel group.
FAX Message
Enables the option to send the message as FAX. Before using this option the fax service must be
configured on the computer.
Voice Call
Selected when making a voice call using a voice modem. For each UPS status it is possible to
create a .wav file to describe the event.
It is possible to save the UPS parallel event configuration, and also possible to load it on another computer without re-inserting the same
configuration, this can be done using the “Save profile” and “Load profile” buttons.
24 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.4
Remote sensors
This window shows the list of remote sensors associated with the SNMP adapter connected to the UPS. Up to 6 different types of remote
sensor can be associated with an SNMP adapter using the serial port (see sensor cable wiring specifications). The remote sensors are
divided into three categories:
a.
Temperature sensors that measure the environmental temperature around the sensor. Alarms can be set to
indicate when high or low temperature thresholds are exceeded so that certain actions can be taken (sending an
SMS or an e-mail or system shutdown).
b.
Temperature and humidity sensors that measure the environmental temperature and humidity around the sensor.
Alarms can be set to indicate when high or low temperature thresholds are exceeded so that certain actions can
be taken (sending an SMS or e-mail or system shutdown).
c.
Temperature and digital I/O sensors that measure the environmental temperature around the sensor and have
two contacts – an Input and an Output. Alarms can be set to indicate when high or low temperature thresholds
are exceeded so that certain actions can be taken (sending an SMS or e-mail or system shutdown). It is also
possible to set parameters for the Input contact so that certain actions are taken (sending an SMS or e-mail or
system shutdown) whenever the contact opens (or closes),
One of the actions that can be taken is the closing of the Output contact of the digital I/O sensors. This can be set to signal a general
alarm condition on the UPS (e.g. AC Failure), or a general alarm condition on a sensor (e.g. high temperature).
Up to 32 remote sensors can be configured. Given that a maximum of 32 UPS systems can be controlled, it is evident that if each UPS
has 6 sensors, it will not be possible to monitor all the sensors. It is up to the user to choose which of the 32 sensors he intends to
monitor.
It is possible to add, delete or modify the sensors listed.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 25
1.4.1
Remote sensor configuration
Name of parameter
Description of parameter
Name
Name of the sensor connected to the SNMP adapter
Type of sensor
Type of sensor: temperature, humidity or digital I/O.
Name of UPS
Sensor Index
Temperature and humidity
thresholds
Name of the UPS connected to the SNMP adapter with which the sensors have been associated.
Note: this combo box shows only the UPS for which the item “Remote Sensors” has been
selected in the UPS configuration (see paragraph Errore. L'origine riferimento non è stata
t
t )
Index of the sensors (from 1 to 6) connected to the SNMP adapter.
Maximum and minimum temperature and humidity threshold settings on the sensor. When these
values are exceeded, the actions specified for the respective alarm in the section “Status and
actions” (see paragraph 1.7) will be carried out.
Note: humidity thresholds are active only for humidity type sensors.
Digital input parameter
Determines whether the digital I/O sensor has the input contact normally open (the alarm is
triggered when the contact is closed) or normally closed (the alarm is triggered when the contact
is opened). This section is active only for digital I/O type sensors.
Digital output parameter
Determines whether the digital I/O sensor must close the output contact when a general alarm
occurs on any of the sensors associated with the same SNMP adapter (switching for sensor
alarm), and/or when an alarm occurs on the UPS connected to the same adapter (switching for
UPS alarm). This section is active only for digital I/O type sensors.
26 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.5
Configurations
Adding or editing email contact details or GSM number details (select the Add or Edit button from the email list or from the GSM
number list):
It is possible to specify the name and email address (or GSM number) for the recipients. This will only operate if the Email messages
checkbox (or SMS checkbox) in jobs parameters tab has been selected. In the event of an alarm condition occurring a messages about the
UPS status will be sent to the specified users, this message will also be sent by the standard Windows MAPI interface on Windows 9x,
ME versions. On Windows NT, 2000 and XP a direct SMTP interface is used (if it is enabled). Before using this option the email service
on the computer must be configured.
The maximum number of email recipients is 10.
The “Test emails” and the “Test SMS” button can be used to send test email or test SMS messages by the Upsagent to confirm correct
operation. The Upsetup will try to send the test email message through MAPI or through SMTP if it is enabled.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 27
1.5.1
Email support configuration
This feature is used for Windows NT, 2000 or XP systems and enables the configuration to send email by SMTP interface. To use this
support, the email service must be correct configured on the computer.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable SMTP support
Enable or disable SMTP support. When disabled the UPSMON cannot send emails through
SMTP support.
SMTP server name/address
The IP address or host name of your SMTP server. The SMTP server is a specific computer in
the local network or Internet service provider which is used to collect and distribute email to the
users. For detailed information contact the administrator of the network.
SMTP domain name
The domain name is used to correctly log into the SMTP server. Some SMTP servers control it
for authorised access. For detailed information contact the administrator of the network.
Sender name
The name of the sender which is included in the email. Informational only.
Sender email address
The sender email address is also included in email header and will allow possible replies to be
received on the email message for Upsmon.
Email subject
The subject of the email.
ATTENTION: For Windows 9x and ME: these operating systems use the MAPI interface and sending email is dependent on the
correct configuration and functionality of MAPI based email program (e.g. MS Outlook). In NT,2000 and XP platform the MAPI
interface may caused problems due to Windows system security reason.
28 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.5.2
GSM support configuration
This window is used to configure the GSM modem connection. The GSM modem may be used to send SMS to normal GSM phones.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable GSM modem support
Enable or disable GSM modem support. When disabled, the UPSMON cannot send SMS.
Connection serial port
The serial port name where the modem is connected.
SMS Centre number
Contact your SIM card provider to obtain this number.
GSM modem type
The supported modems are Siemens and Falcon.
1.5.3
Network Messages support configuration
This window is used to configure network messages. It is possible to send the message in broadcast (to all computer present in the
network) or select some user, that will be shown in the recipients list. In this case it is possible to execute a send test.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 29
1.5.4
Modem support configuration
This window is used to configure the modem connection. The modem may be used for communication with teleservice.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable modem support
Enable or disable modem support. When disabled, the UPSMON cannot call teleservice control
service.
Connection serial port
The serial port where the modem is connected.
Primary/Secondary telephone
number
The telephone numbers of the teleservice control centre, these are the number where the modem
will call in case of an emergency.
Number of repeat calls
The number of times the system will attempt to call in the event of a busy line or no answer.
Delay between calls
The minutes of delay between each call attempt.
Accept incoming calls
Accepts incoming calls from a teleservice control centre. This can be turned off for security
reasons.
30 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.5.5
Fax support configuration
This window is used to configure fax support. To use this support, the fax service must be correct configured on the computer.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable fax support
Enable or disable fax support. When disable, Upsmon cannot send fax.
Sender name
Name of the fax sender.
Sender company
Name of the fax sender company.
Fax number
Fax number.
Fax printer service
Printer type associated to the fax service. For the remote printer the user must select the location
of the printer.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 31
1.5.6
Voice modem support configuration
This window is used to configure voice modem support. The windows shows only if there is a voice modem recognized by the system.
With the button “Voice modem settings” it is possible to configure the voice modem (see relative software).
Parameter name
Parameter description
Allowed voice call support
Enable or disable voice modem support. When disable, Upsmon cannot perform voice call.
Voice modem
Select one voice modem from the list of voice modem recognized by the system.
Telephone number
Telephone number for the modem call.
Delay before play voice
Delay before modem play voice.
Number of retries
The number of times the system will attempt to call in the event of a busy line or no answer.
32 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.6
Action scheduler
This window is used to specify various actions such as UPS shutdown, reboot, test, etc, that will be executed at a specified time. The
maximum number of scheduled actions is 16. The configured actions will be shown in the “List of schedule actions” list. The “Next”
button can be used for showing the actions that will be executed ordered by time.
The action can be executed once, daily, weekly or monthly. In the window “Scheduled actions settings” the user can choose these time
parameters, and also the type of actions and the Ups on which the action is executed. It is recommended to set only one action in same
time, if multiple action have been specified at the same time, some of these actions may be ignored. Any actions which are not supported
by the UPS will to be ignored.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 33
1.7
States and actions
In the section “System shutdown” the user can configure some actions to execute before system shutdown. It is possible to launch an
external editing program to write a user defined shutdown script (“Edit script” button).
The user defined shutdown script is executed before the normal system shutdown. This can be used for specific commands, which will be
executed before the shutdown, for example, stop the web server, close some special application or shutdown database server. The name
of this script is ups_shut, however the extension will depend on the operating system (ups_shut.bat for Windows, ups_shut.ncf for Novell
Netware and ups_shut.scr for UNIX).
ATTENTION: If you specify an incorrect command in the user shutdown script or this command stops (not correctly ended) then
the Upsagent will not provide a correct system shutdown and thus possibly lose some data or a failure on the file system will
occur. The last command in the user shutdown script must be the command to shutdown of system (except Windows versions –
the shutdown is executed by using the system routines directly from the Upsagent). In some operating system it is possible
change the script ups_mess , which is used to send messages to users about the UPS status.
34 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
Parameter name
Parameter description
When selected, the Upsagent will try to save any open files before the system shutdown is
started. This function is not be supported by all programs or some international variant of
standard programs. Only standard Windows applications are supported (e.g MS Write, MS
Office and more…).
Save files before shutdown
Hibernate support
ATTENTION: If the Upsagent system shutdown does not work correctly, it may be
due to an incompatibility application or conflict with possibly the “Save files
before shutdown”. To ensure correct shutdown this may have to be disabled if
problems persist.
When selected it enables the possibility to suspend the system instead of a normal shutdown.
This function is supported by Windows 2000 and higher on supported hardware.
In the “List of events” section, the user may define the actions to be taken when a given event is detected on the UPS or on the sensors
connected. A number of actions can be associated with a particular event on the UPS or on the sensors connected, such as for example
the possibility of executing a series of external commands defined by the user. A runtime delay can be programmed for the actions
associated with a particular event (so as to filter events that only last for a short time). Similarly, an interval can be programmed for the
repetition of the action, should the associated event still be active. Both values are expressed in seconds.
Action name
Action description
Disable all jobs
Enables or disable all of the jobs, if selected no jobs can be executed.
Generation event delay
The event that occurs is recognized by Upsmon only after the specified delay.
It is possible to alter the default message for a particular event. It is not recommended to change
the basic message text, as this may cause an incorrect message to be sent, which does not
correspond to the actual event.
Note: in the message text it is possible to add actual values or information which will be
displayed along with the original information, these are as follows:
$NAME
Message
The UPS or Group name will be added to the message (See main
parameters dialog box).
$SYSNAME
The System name will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SYSLOC
The System location will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SHUTTIME
The time before shutdown of the local system in seconds.
$SHUTTIME1
The time before shutdown of the local system in the format: hh:mm:ss
$STH, $STM e $STS The three values: the time before the shutdown of the local system in
hours, minutes and seconds.
$REMTIME
The remaining UPS battery autonomy.
$REMCAP
The remaining UPS battery capacity.
$SENSORNAME
Name of the sensor on which the event occurred. Valid only if events
have been associated with the sensors.
If selected the event will to be logged into event log file.
Log event
Execute file
ATTENTION: On Windows NT,2000 or XP platforms the events are also logged in the
system Application event log. On UNIX platforms the events are also logged into the
system log (this depends on system configuration: see syslog manual).
If selected the Upsagent will execute a specified command file when a selected condition occurs.
Recommendation: Always use the full path name for the file.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 35
Local message
Broadcast message
If selected this enables message to be displayed on the local computer, the messages can be
delayed to stop short event changes being displayed unnecessarily (e.g. short power problems) or
repeated to ensure acknowledgment.
For Windows the message is displayed on the desktop, OS/2 executes the ups_loc.cmd script,
Novell Netware sends the message to the server console and Unix executes the ups_loc.scr script.
If selected this enables a message to be sent to remote users via the network. For Windows the
message is broadcast to all connected users or only to some users depend on the configuration
inserted in the page Configurations, for other systems the ups_mess.scr (or .ncf for Novell
Netware) script is executed.
Recommendation: Use the wall command to send message to all connected users on Unix
systems.
If selected this option enables the shutdown of the system, for Windows the ups_shut.cmd file is
searched for possible user specified commands before shutdown (e.g. quit databases, …) then the
standard system shutdown is executed using the WIN32 API functions.
For other systems the ups_shut.scr (or .cmd or .ncf) script is started with the appropriate
commands to provide the correct shutdown of the computer.
Shutdown system
ATTENTION: System shutdown conditions defined in the UPS connection dialog box
is not dependent on this checkbox.
ATTENTION: You cannot specify a Shutdown system action for AC Fail or Battery
low; these are dependent on the UPS connection configuration. The system
shutdown time after AC Fail may be defined by two independent values (fixed time
from AC Fail and/or specific remaining backup time). The Battery Low event causes
an immediate system shutdown.
Email
Direct email support is for Windows only, when using other system a script etc must be used to
suit the individual system.
It is possible to specify a name and email address for email recipients in the Configurations page.
If the Email checkbox is selected, then the message is sent to the specified users, also by standard
Windows MAPI or SMTP interface. Before using this option the email service must be
configured on the computer.
SMS
Enables the option to send the message as SMS to a specified GSM phone number. It is possible
to specify a name and telephone number in the Configurations page.
Call to Teleguard
The Upsmon can be used to contact a teleservice monitoring and control system with regards to
the event of the UPS.
FAX Message
Selected when sending a UPS status message via FAX. Before using this option the email service
must be configured on the computer.
Voice Call
Selected when making a voice call using a voice modem. For each UPS event it is possible to
create a .wav file to describe the event.
Default
Used to reset the event action parameters to the default state.
Default All
Used to reset all of the parameter to the default state.
36 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
1.8
About
The About tab contains the information with regards to the UPSMON, including the version and copyright. In addition to this is the
“Enter code” button, this button is used to enter the CDROM serial and license number, to convert the STANDARD version to the FULL
version of UPSMON. The STANDARD version is used for MS Windows, Novell Netware, Linux and Mac OS X version, when one
UPS is to be monitored. The FULL version will allow one UPS to be monitored locally and up to 31 UPS to be monitored via a network
by the Upsagent. To change the STANDARD version to the FULL version you must enter the CDROM serial number and relevant
License number.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 37
2.
Upsetup for UNIX
To configure the parameters for UPSMON on UNIX, use the text version of Upsetup. The style and parameters to be set is of course
dependent on the text interface used.
A common problem is finding the correct serial device name for the UNIX system. The following table gives the usual device names for
different UNIX systems.
UNIX System
Device name
Linux
/dev/ttyS0
HP UX
/dev/tty0p0
Solaris
/dev/ttya
Unixware
/dev/tty00
SCO Unix
/dev/tty1a
IRIX
/dev/ttyd0
IBM AIX
/dev/tty0
Tru64
/dev/tty00
ATTENTION: When the Upsetup program is started for first time, the correct PRTK code for the UPS to be monitored must be
input, this code is located on a label which can be found on either the front or the rear of the UPS.
The Upsetup program has 5 main sections:
1.
General parameters: this section is used to set up all of the common parameters, such as the system name, location,
personnel contact name, parameters for log files and for network communication.
2.
UPS configuration: this section is used to configure a list of the UPS to be monitored by the Upsagent and the
communication parameters for each UPS.
3.
Message configuration : this section is used configure the GSM phone list to send SMS and also to configure the modem
for a teleservice connection.
4.
Schedule: this section is used to configure any scheduled actions. It is possible to specify scheduled actions such as UPS
shutdown, reboot, test, etc; these actions will be executed at a specified time.
5.
Jobs configuration: this section is used to configure the jobs to be carried out by the UPSMON when an alarm condition
occurs, for example it is possible to customize each alarm to carry out a specific set of tasks such as run a shutdown user
defined script, send email, SMS or network messages etc.
38 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
2.1
General parameters
Parameter name
Parameter description
Default
System name
Defines the name of the local system.
Server
System location
Defines the location of the local system.
Server room
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 39
System contact
Defines the contact persons name for the local system.
Administrator
Language
Language selection. All messages and text in UPSMON (except some
system messages) is described in lang_xx.ini files. The default is
lang_00.ini used for the standard English language interface.
Lang_00 (english
language)
Event logfile enabled
Enables or disables the use of the event logfile for logging the events
by the Upsagent module.
Enabled
Data logfile enabled
Enables or disables the use of the data logfile for measured values by
the Upsagent module.
Disabled
Log rate
Defines the interval (in seconds) in which the Upsagent writes the
measured values into the data log file.
5 seconds
Minimum size
Defines the minimum time (in hours) of the data logfile for the
measured values.
1 hour
Maximum size
Defines the maximum time (in hours) of the data logfile for the
measured values. The data logfile will be set back to the minimum size
5 hours
(value of Minimum size) if the logfile contains more data than the
configured values.
2.1.1
Network services
Parameter name
Parameter description
Default
Update frequency
Defines the time-interval (in seconds) in which the Upsagent polls for
data from the UPS (if the Upsagent is connected to remote UPS via
network). The system speed may be reduced due to permanent
communication with the UPS if this value is too small. If the value is
too high the system will react slower in the case of an alarm from the
UPS. The recommended values are from 1 second (for smaller
networks) or 5-10 seconds (on larger networks).
3 seconds
Server enabled
Enables or disables the connection access of other computers running
the Upsagent or Upsview programs.
Enabled
40 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
UDP Port
The UDP communication port. This must be same on all system using
UPSMON.
33000
Ignore remote UPS commands
Enables or disables access from remote computers to make
commands to the UPS(by Upsagent or Upsview). This feature is used
to prevent a remote user from forcing a command to the UPS, such as
UPS shutdown or test etc.
Disabled
HTTP enabled
Allow the support for HTTP.
Disabled
HTTP path
Used to specify where the Upsagent creates the files with the UPS
status for HTTP monitoring.
Empty
Password protection
If selected the software will require a password for communication
with the UPS. This password is to protect the Upsagent connection. If
the user doesn’t know the password, it will not be possible to connect
the agent.
Disabled
2.2
UPS Configuration
The UPS connection window contains the list of the UPS that will be monitored by the Upsagent.
It is possible to add, delete or edit the UPS list.
The STANDARD version of UPSMON will only allow one UPS to be monitored either locally or via a network by the Upsagent. The
FULL version will allow one UPS to be monitored locally and up to 15 UPS to be monitored via a network by the Upsagent. To change
the STANDARD version to the FULL version you must enter the CDROM serial number and relevant License number using the About
tab and the enter code dialog box. The License number is available from the UPS manufacturer or supplier.
The FULL version of UPSMON also enables the operation of Parallel functionality. This function enables the setup of groups of UPS,
which are working in redundant operation. It is possible to create up to 10 groups, with each group containing up to 8 UPS (2 UPS
minimum) with up to 64 event actions. To enable this function the user must define at least 2 Ups.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 41
2.2.1
UPS definition
Parameter name
Parameter description
UPS Name
UPS identification name.
PRTK Code
The PRTK is used to determine the type of UPS to be monitored, the code to be entered can be
located on the UPS.
UPS Serial number
The UPS have unique serial numbers, this number used to identify the UPS. Enter the serial
number as printed on the UPS identification label. This field is important for the correct
operation with Teleservice program.
System shutdown
This field is used to specify the parameters for the system shutdown, the system Shutdown can
be triggered by either a specified time after AC Fail or if the UPS autonomy time is below a
specified time. If the UPS sends a low battery signal to the computer (i.e. the UPS backup time is
low), the Upsagent will ignore the specified times and start the system shutdown procedure
immediately.
UPS shutdown
This field can be used to send a shutdown signal to the UPS once all remote computers have
shutdown, at this point the UPS will then shutdown.
2.2.2
Ups Connection
The UPS connection must be set to the chosen method to be used for the communication between the computer and UPS(s). The first
method of connection is local, this connection method is used when the connection to the UPS is to be made via a serial port, if this
method is to be used ensure that the correct serial port and UPS address is selected. All the other settings for the serial connection (baud
speed etc) are automatically set for the selected UPS type. The second method of connection is remote via a network, for this connection
an IP address for the computer or SNMP adapter must be specified for the device where the UPS is connected and the device number
(usually 1).
42 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
Note: The Windows version, the Linux version, the Solaris version and the Mac OS X version supports USB communication via USBUPS adapter.
Note: The TCP/IP communication allows the user to specify a remote Upsagent or SNMP adapter location by host name (or DNS name).
Note: It is possible to specify a connection password for each UPS connected via TCP/IP. This password must always be specified to
connect the specific UPS.
2.2.3
Parallel functionality
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 43
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable parallel function
Enable or disable the parallel functionality.
Disable action on single Ups
If selected, the standard configuration for the single UPS event will be ignored. The Upsagent
controls only the group status. If it is not selected, the Upsagent controls, both the group events
and also the single UPS events. If this parameter is selected, the job actions defined in the job
dialog box are disabled for the single UPS.
Consider a Ups with lost
communication as an alarm
If selected, the active alarm level is raised, specified on the parallel event list, for each UPS in
communication lost condition.
Disable the System shutdown from
a single UPS
If selected, this disables the system and UPS shutdown time defined on the single UPS
configuration. This function shutdown time is the same time for the UPS parallel group.
Parallel Groups
Used to add, modify or delete groups.
2.2.4
Parallel Groups
The name and UPS number of each parallel group, and the events associated to the parallel group are described or configured using the
next menu:
A group name must be specified, a minimum of two UPS added (from the list of UPS monitored by Upsagent, shown by selecting
“Groups UPS”) and configured the selected actions for the group events.
Parameter name
Redundancy level
Enables system shutdown in the
event of low back up time
44 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
Parameter description
Defines the redundancy level of the parallel group: possible choices are N (default), N+1 (for
groups with a minimum of 2 UPS), N+2 (for groups with a minimum of 3 UPS) and N+3 (for
groups with a minimum of 4 UPS).
N.B. A parallel group with redundancy N+i will stay active and operational even if “i” UPS
within the group fail. The load will be shared between the remaining UPS.
The shutdown may depend on the fact that the “i-th” backup time of the parallel group selected
is lower than the preset time.
N.B. If the redundancy level is N, the lowest backup time is considered; if it is N+1, the second
lowest time is considered; if it is N+2, the third lowest time is considered, while if it is N+3, the
fourth lowest time is considered, on so on.
UPSMON User Manual
Enable system shutdown if all of
the UPS are supplied from the
batteries
System shutdown parameters for the parallel group can be defined. The shutdown may depend
on the fact that all the UPS within the parallel group are operating in battery mode..
Enable the Ups shutdown after
system shutdown
It is possible to shutdown the groups’ UPS together with the system after the specified delay.
It is possible to save the UPS parallel event configuration, and also possible to load it on another computer without re-inserting the same
configuration, this can be done using the “Load jobs” and “Save jobs”.
To configure the selected actions for the group events there are the next menu:
Action name
Action description
In the message text it is possible to add actual values or information which will be displayed
along with the original information, these are as follows:
$NAME
Message
The UPS or Group name will be added to the message (See main
parameters dialog box).
$SYSNAME
The System name will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SYSLOC
The System location will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SHUTTIME
The time before shutdown of the local system in seconds.
$SHUTTIME1
The time before shutdown of the local system in the format: hh:mm:ss
$STH, $STM e $STS The three values: the time before the shutdown of the local system in
hours, minutes and seconds.
$REMTIME
The remaining UPS battery autonomy.
$REMCAP
The remaining UPS battery capacity.
If selected the event will to be logged into event log file.
Log event
Execute file
ATTENTION: On Windows NT,2000 or XP platforms the events are also logged in the
system Application event log. On UNIX platforms the events are also logged into the
system log (this depends on system configuration: see syslog manual).
If selected the Upsagent will execute a specified command file when a selected condition occurs.
Recommendation: Always use the full path name for the file.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 45
Local message
Broadcast message
If selected this enables message to be displayed on the local computer, the messages can be
delayed to stop short event changes being displayed unnecessarily (e.g. short power problems) or
repeated to ensure acknowledgment.
For Windows the message is displayed on the desktop, OS/2 executes the ups_loc.cmd script,
Novell Netware sends the message to the server console and Unix executes the ups_loc.scr script.
If selected this enables a message to be sent to remote users via the network. For Windows the
message is broadcast to all connected users or only to some users depend on the configuration
inserted in the page Configurations, for other systems the ups_mess.scr (or .ncf for Novell
Netware) script is executed.
Recommendation: Use the wall command to send message to all connected users on Unix
systems.
Shutdown system
If selected this option enables the shutdown of the system, for Windows the ups_shut.cmd file is
searched for possible user specified commands before shutdown (e.g. quit databases, …) then the
standard system shutdown is executed using the WIN32 API functions.
For other systems the ups_shut.scr (or .cmd or .ncf) script is started with the appropriate
commands to provide the correct shutdown of the computer.
Email
Direct email support is for Windows only, when using other system a script etc must be used to
suit the individual system.
It is possible to specify a name and email address for email recipients in the Configuration tab. If
the Email checkbox is selected, then the message is sent to the specified users, also by standard
Windows MAPI or SMTP interface. Before using this option the email service must be
configured on the computer.
SMS
Enables the option to send the message as SMS to a specified GSM phone number.
Call to Teleguard
The Upsmon can be used to contact a teleservice monitoring and control system with regards to
the event occur on the parallel group.
The “associated event list” is the list of simple event that compose the composite event. Composite event related to the group is made up
of one or more simple events that may occur on the groups’ UPS. The composite event occurs, and the defined actions are performed,
only when all the simple events on the list are verified on the same time. A composite event is made up to 6 simple event.
46 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
To add a simple event to the list of the composite events there is next menu. On this window it is possible to set also the event priority:
i.e. the number of the groups’ UPS on which the simple event must occur for making it acknowledgeable.
2.3
Message configuration
From this menu is possible to configure the modem for the teleservice call, the GSM Modem and the WAP support. It is also possible to
add telephone numbers used by GSM modem for the SMS send.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 47
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable modem support
Enable or disable modem support. When disabled, the UPSMON cannot call teleservice control
service.
Connection serial port
The serial port where the modem is connected.
Primary/Secondary telephone
number
The telephone numbers of the teleservice control centre, these are the number where the modem
will call in case of an emergency.
Number of repeat calls
The number of times the system will attempt to call in the event of a busy line or no answer.
Delay between calls
The minutes of delay between each call attempt.
Accept incoming calls
Accepts incoming calls from a teleservice control centre. This can be turned off for security
reasons.
Parameter name
Parameter description
Enable GSM modem support
Enable or disable GSM modem support. When disabled, the UPSMON cannot send SMS.
Connection serial port
The serial port name where the modem is connected.
SMS Centre number
Contact your SIM card provider to obtain this number.
GSM modem type
The supported modems are Siemens and Falcon.
48 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
2.4
Scheduler
Configuration of the scheduled actions. Using this function it is possible to specify various actions such as UPS shutdown, reboot, test,
etc, these actions will then be executed at a specified time.
It is recommended to set only one action in same time, if multiple action have been specified at the same time, some of these actions may
be ignored. Note - The maximum number of scheduled actions is 16. The “Next actions” function can be used for showing the actions
that will be executed ordered by time.
The action can be executed once, daily, weekly or monthly. In the menu “Schedule parameters” the user can choose these time
parameters, and also the type of actions and the Ups on which the action is executed. Any actions which are not supported by the UPS
will to be ignored.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 49
2.5
Job configuration
The jobs configuration menu is used to define the jobs that will be executed when an event of the UPS occurs. It is possible to configure
multiple jobs for a particular event. It is possible to execute an external command defined by the user. Using the jobs configuration menu
it is possible to launch an external editing program to write a user defined shutdown script. The user defined shutdown script is executed
before the normal system shutdown. This can be used for specific commands, which will be executed before the shutdown, for example,
stop the web server, close some special application or shutdown database server. The name of this script is ups_shut.scr for the UNIX
system.
ATTENTION: If you specify an incorrect command in the user shutdown script or this command stops (not correctly ended)
then the Upsagent will not provide a correct system shutdown and thus possibly lose some data or a failure on the file system
will occur. The last command in the user shutdown script must be the command to shutdown of system (except Windows
versions – the shutdown is executed by using the system routines directly from the Upsagent). In some operating system it is
possible change the script ups_mess , which is used to send messages to users about the UPS status.
Action name
Action description
Disable all jobs
Enables or disable all of the jobs, if selected no jobs can be executed.
Default All
Used to reset all of the parameter to the default state.
For each event, it is possible to set an action from the list below:
1.
Log event (L)
2.
Execute file (E)
3.
Local message (O)
4.
Broadcast message (B)
5.
System shutdown (S)
6.
Email (E)
7.
SMS (M)
8.
Call to teleguard ©
50 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
Action name
Action description
Log event
If selected the event will to be logged into event log file.
Execute file
If selected the Upsagent will execute a specified command file when a selected condition occurs.
Recommendation: Always use the full path name for the file.
Local message
UPSMON User Manual
If selected this enables message to be displayed on the local computer, the messages can be
delayed to stop short event changes being displayed unnecessarily (e.g. short power problems) or
repeated to ensure acknowledgment.
For Windows the message is displayed on the desktop, Novell Netware sends the message to the
server console and Unix executes the ups_loc.scr script.
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 51
Broadcast message
If selected this enables a message to be sent to remote users via the network. For Windows the
message is broadcast to all connected users or only to some users depend on the configuration
inserted in the page Configurations, for other systems the ups_mess.scr (or .ncf for Novell
Netware) script is executed.
Recommendation: Use the wall command to send message to all connected users on Unix
systems.
If selected this option enables the shutdown of the system, for Windows the ups_shut.cmd file is
searched for possible user specified commands before shutdown (e.g. quit databases, …) then the
standard system shutdown is executed using the WIN32 API functions.
For other systems the ups_shut.scr (or .cmd or .ncf) script is started with the appropriate
commands to provide the correct shutdown of the computer.
ATTENTION: System shutdown conditions defined in the UPS connection menu is
not dependent on this job.
Shutdown system
ATTENTION: You cannot specify a Shutdown system action for AC Fail or Battery
low; these are dependent on the UPS connection configuration. The system
shutdown time after AC Fail may be defined by two independent values (fixed time
from AC Fail and/or specific remaining backup time). The Battery Low event causes
an immediate system shutdown.
Email
Direct email support is for Windows only, when using other system a script etc must be used to
suit the individual system.
Note: for UNIX operating system it is possible to send email message adding the command in the
script ups_eml.scr.
SMS
Enables the option to send the message as SMS to a specified GSM phone number. It is possible
to specify a name and telephone number in the Configurations Message menu.
Call to Teleguard
The Upsmon can be used to contact a teleservice monitoring and control system with regards to
the event of the UPS. The number of the teleservice company can be inserted in the Modem
Configuration Menu.
It is possible to alter the default message for a particular event. It is not recommended to change
the basic message text, as this may cause an incorrect message to be sent, which does not
correspond to the actual event.
Note: in the message text it is possible to add actual values or information which will be
displayed along with the original information, these are as follows:
$NAME
Message
Default
The UPS or Group name will be added to the message (See main
parameters dialog box).
$SYSNAME
The System name will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SYSLOC
The System location will be added to the message (See main parameters
dialog box).
$SHUTTIME
The time before shutdown of the local system in seconds.
$SHUTTIME1
The time before shutdown of the local system in the format: hh:mm:ss
$STH, $STM e $STS The three values: the time before the shutdown of the local system in
hours, minutes and seconds.
$REMTIME
The remaining UPS battery autonomy.
$REMCAP
The remaining UPS battery capacity.
Used to reset the event action parameters to the default state.
For the actions associated to a particular event it is possible to specify a delay in the execution (in order to filter events that last for a brief
time) and a interval for the repeat of the actions if the associated event is still active. Both value are expressed in seconds.
52 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
3.
Upsetup for Novell Netware
To configure the Novell Netware version of UPSMON it is possible use the alpha-numeric interface program Upsetup.nlm directly on the
server Novell or the graphical Upsetup program for Microsoft Windows.
Novell Netware 3.12 only uses a black-white interface (due to system limitations), but for Novell Netware 4.x and 5.x the interface of the
NLM module is in colour.
UPSMON User Manual
Advanced UPSMON Configuration • 53
4.
Upsetup for JAVA and Mac OS X
The Upsetup user interface is nearly identical to the Windows version. All parameters are the same as described in the Windows Upsetup
section (refer to the Windows section). In the Java version misses some particular configuration such as email, fax and voice modem.
54 • Advanced UPSMON Configuration
UPSMON User Manual
VI. Running the UPSMON
After the Upsagent service is active, the system is protected by the UPS. The Upsview is used to connect to the Upsagent service to
view the UPS data and to inspect the monitoring process. This is also possible via remote access (only if TCP/IP is installed on the
system).
ATTENTION: To confirm if the Upsagent is running and the system is protected, access the system utility for a list of operating
processes. For UNIX use the command ps and for Windows confirm that the icon on the toolbar is present (usually bottom right
or left of the desktop).
1.
Upsview for Windows
1.1
Connecting with Upsagent
The Upsview enables the monitoring of a local or remote connected UPS (UPS connected to other computers or SNMP adapters). Each
Upsview can monitor one UPS, but it is possible to start multiple Upsviews to monitor different UPS at the same time.
In the tree will be shown all selectable Ups. The tree is divided in two section: Local, to monitored Ups connected to the local
Upsagent; Remote, to monitored Ups connected to other remote Upsagent or remote SNMP adaptors.
Selecting one of the UPS from the Local tree, it is being monitored by the Upsagent module running on the same computer. In this case,
the connection between Upsview and Upsagent is made via the shared memory. In the Local tree will be shown all the Ups configured
in the Upsetup module (eventually with the parallel groups defined). For these Ups there are the following menus:
1.
Refresh: used to find on the local network, all of the agents that are activated at any particular moment
without remembering the individual name or address;
2.
View: used to switch between various Ups status visualizations. There are three visualizations: graphic,
detail and block scheme;
3.
Configuration: used to open the Upsetup module;
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 55
4.
5.
6.
Functions: used to execute some commands on the connected Ups such as shutdown and reboot. Some of
these functions depend on the type of monitored Ups;
Logs: used to manage logs file created by Upsmon. The logs file must be enabled from Upsetup module.
Help: used to show the help on line;
Selecting one of the UPS from the Remote tree, it is being monitored via TCP/IP. The default UDP port for the Upsagent is 33000. It is
possible to find on the local network, all of the agents that are activated at any particular moment without remembering the individual
name or address: to do this, used the Refresh menu. It is also possible to select a UPS directly by the IP address of the computer or
SNMP adapter where the UPS is connected. To do this use the popupmenu that appeared right clicking the mouse on the tree. Host
names or DNS names are also supported. For these Ups there are the following menus:
1.
Refresh: used to find on the local network, all of the agents that are activated at any particular moment
without remembering the individual name or address;
2.
View: used to switch between various Ups status visualizations. There are three visualizations: graphic,
detail and block scheme;
3.
Functions: used to execute some commands on the connected Ups such as shutdown and reboot. Some of
these functions depend on the type of monitored Ups;
4.
Help: used to show the help on line;
56 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
1.2
Upsview menus
1.2.1
Refresh Menu
Used to find on the local network, all of the agents (remote Upsagent or SNMP adapter) that are activated at any particular moment
without remembering the individual name or address. The refresh will take about ten seconds. The IP address of the active agents and
the Ups that they controlled will be put in the tree under Remote voice.
1.2.2
View Menu
Used to switch between Upsview visualizations. There are three visualizations: graphic (Standard), numeric (detail) and Block Scheme.
ATTENTION: The following screen shots below are only examples and will vary between different UPS system.
Graphic (Standard) visualization:
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 57
Numeric visualization (Detail):
Block Scheme visualization:
58 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
In the section “General State” it is shown the Ups complete status. The status information depend on the type of monitored Ups. The
colours show the status of the UPS, green status means OK and working (i.e. Ups On); yellow status means not serious anomalous
condition (i.e. Battery On or Bypass On); red status means an error or problem (i.e. overload).
In the section “Backup time” it is shown the battery autonomy (in hours and minutes) and the charge percentage of the battery.
ATTENTION: the value of autonomy depend on the load of the Ups.
In the section “Time remaining” will be shown the effective working time before shutdown system.
ATTENTION: in normal condition (line present) will be shown “--:--“. In battery on condition and shutdown configuration enabled, will be
shown the countdown before the shutdown of the system.
ATTENTION: the section “Autonomy” and “Time remaining” could be unavailable for some Ups type.
In the section “States and alarms” will be shown Ups states and alarms. The difference between states and alarms will be made from the
icon place side by side with the text.
In the graphic (Standard) visualization will be shown three measures: voltage input (monofase or threefase); load percentage (monofase
or threefase); voltage battery (depend on the Ups type).
In the numeric (Detail) visualization will be shown all of the detailed information with regards to the measured values from UPS.
In the block scheme visualization will be shown the internal scheme of the Ups. The colors of every UPS block show the status of the
UPS, and if a situation with the UPS or the system is critical. Green means OK and working. Grey means that the object is present but
not in use at the moment. Yellow means a not serious anomalous condition. Red means an error or problem has occurred with this
object, if any values are critical, a system shutdown and/or technical service may be required.
If the parallel groups have been configured (see Upsetup), a summary list of all the UPS within a group can be displayed by selecting
the name of the parallel group from the local tree structure.
The top of the screen shows the status of all the UPS modules belonging to the group, taken from the “General Status” section of each
UPS.
The graphic shows the load supported by the UPS within the group and calculated as the average of the loads shared between the group
UPS modules. The graphic also shows another transparent bar which shows a projection of the load supported in the event of loss of
group redundancy (e.g. if a parallel group comprising of three UPS modules has a redundancy level of N+2, the transparent bar will
show the load that the remaining UPS module would have to support should the other two redundant modules fail.)
The “Backup time” section shows the battery backup time in hours and minutes as well as the battery charge percentage of the UPS
which has the lowest backup time (for redundancy level N), or the UPS with the second lowest time (for redundancy level N+1, the
third lowest time (N+2) or the fourth lowest time (N+3).
The “Remaining time” section shows, as when there is no parallel group, the effective operating time remaining before the system shuts
down.
The “Other Values” section shows the voltage, current and frequency values of the parallel group. The frequencies and voltages are the
same for all the UPS modules within the group, while the current values represent the sum of the currents present on each UPS in the
group.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 59
1.2.3
Configuration Menu
Used to launch the Upsetup module.
ATTENTION: this menu is available only for Ups monitored by local Upsagent.
1.2.4
Functions Menu
60 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
Used to send some command to the monitored Ups such as the shutdown and reboot of the Ups, the execution of test battery, force Ups
on bypass and force Ups on inverter. It is available also “Cancel test or command” voice that permit to cancel the last sent command
(this permit to return to normal condition after the force Ups on bypass command). It is possible protect this command with one
password that could be inserted with “Change password” voice. Note: if there aren’t password, press enter with password field blank at
the password request.
ATTENTION: the list of available commands depend of the Ups type, but the Shutdown/Reboot command is always supported.
1.2.5
Logs Menu
Used to view the log files.
The Event list displays the current Upsagent activities. This is the list of events and information about the UPS and its agent during the
Upsagent monitoring activity. All events contain the date, time, device name and the name of the event. The event is logged into a
standard text file, which may be simply imported into other programs. To use the event log you must configure it in the Upsetup
module.
The data log list displays logged measured parameters from the UPS such as the input voltage, battery voltage, capacity, runtime and
output load. All of the information contains the date, time, device name and measured values. To use data log you must configure it in
the Upsetup module.
The data logged can be used by other programs, for example if you need to generate a graphic view. The data is logged into a standard
text file, which may be simply imported into other programs.
The data log also contains a Graph engine module; this module shows the measured values in a graph format.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 61
ATTENTION: for some Ups type is available also an internal log downloaded by the Ups through Upsview.
ATTENTION: this menu is available only for Ups monitored by local Upsagent.
62 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
1.2.6
Popupmenu
This menu is available right clicking with the mouse on the tree. Used to see the Ups properties such as the UPS name, UPS type,
connection type, type of communication protocol, some information on the Upsagent or SNMP adapter that monitoring the Ups and
some nominal value of the device.
From the popupmenu it is also possible to change the bar color of the graphs in the Standard visualization.
From the popupmenu it is also possible to select a UPS directly by the IP address of the computer or SNMP adapter where the UPS is
connected.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 63
1.3
Display for the sensors associated with an SNMP adapter
A maximum of six temperature, humidity or input/output sensors may be connected to the SNMP adapter through the serial port (refer
to the sensor cable wiring specifications). If these sensors are connected, the Upsview module can be used to check that they are
operational and view the measurements being recorded.
The types of sensors available are:
•
•
•
Temperature: measures the environmental temperature in °C.
Humidity and temperature: measures the relative humidity in % and the environmental temperature in °C.
In/Out and temperature: measures the environmental temperature in °C and provides one digital input and one digital output.
The figure below shows the screen shot illustrating the sensors associated with the SNMP adapter. Following a refresh operation, all the
adapters to which sensors have been connected, will be included within the tree structure with an extra indent level and the caption
“Netman Sensors”. Select the caption to view the measurements recorded by the sensors and their effective operating status. The figure
also features an In/Out sensor, a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor. If more than three sensors are connected to the adapter, the
next three can be viewed by clicking on the button at the bottom right of the screen.
Please refer to the SNMP adapter manual for further information on the sensors that can be associated with the adapter.
ATTENTION.: this function is active only for remotely connected SNMP adapters. In order to see the sensors, they must be
configured (up to a maximum of 32 sensors) in the Upsetup module, or a Refresh operation executed. The threshold settings
are active on the sensors configured in the Upsetup module.
64 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
2.
Upsview for UNIX
When monitoring the UPS using UNIX systems, the text version of the Upsview program must be used.
The style of the displayed screens is dependent on the text interface.
The text version of Upsview does not support the automatic refresh of the screens if the UPS status changes.
2.1
Connections with Upsagent
The Upsview enables the monitoring of a local or remote connected UPS (UPS’s connected to other computers or SNMP adapters).
Each Upsview can monitor one UPS, but it is possible to start multiple Upsviews to monitor different UPS at the same time.
Select one of the UPS from the list, which is being monitored by the Upsagent module. In this case, the connection between Upsview
and Upsagent is made via the shared memory.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 65
If the Upsagent is not running on the system, it is possible to select a UPS directly by the IP address of the computer or SNMP adapter
where the UPS is connected. To do this set the IP address and device number (usually 1), the Upsview will then try to find the specified
system by IP address, host names or DNS names are also supported.
Remote connection made via TCP/IP protocol. The default UDP port for the Upsagent is 33000.
66 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
2.2
The displays
ATTENTION: The following screen shots below are only examples and will vary between different UPS system.
2.2.1
View Basic
The basic information screen shows the UPS name, UPS type, connection type, type of communication protocol, status and four status
boxes.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 67
2.2.2
View Standard
The standard screen displays the most important operating data of the UPS-system. For further information with regards to this data,
please refer to the UPS-system manual.
2.2.3
View Detail
The Detail screen shows all of the detailed information with regards to the measured values from UPS.
68 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
2.2.4
View Active Status
The UPS status table shows the status of the UPS, and if a situation with the UPS or the system is critical.
2.2.5
View Active Alarms
Some UPS types have a special table facility showing the alarms status.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 69
2.2.6
View device information
Show the nominal data of the Ups.
2.2.7
Event log
The Event list displays the current Upsagent activities. This is the list of events and information about the UPS and its agent during the
Upsagent monitoring activity. All events contain the date, time and the name of the event. To use event log you must configure it in the
Upsetup module.
70 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
2.2.8
Data log
The data log list displays logged measured parameters from the UPS such as the input voltage, battery voltage, capacity, runtime and
output load. All of the information contains the date, time, device name and measured values. To use data log you must configure it in
the Upsetup module.
The data logged can be used by other programs, for example if you need to generate a graphic view. The data is logged into a standard
text file, which may be simply imported into other programs.
2.2.9
Functions
It is possible to execute commands on the local UPS. A list of these commands is dependent on the UPS type, but the UPS shutdown
and reboot command is supported by all UPS types.
For some UPS types it is possible to start UPS internal tests or a UPS battery test.
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 71
3.
The Upsview for Novell Netware
On Novell Netware systems it is possible to monitor the UPS using one of two methods.
The first method is to use the Upsview for Windows. This has the same interface as described in the Upsview for Windows section.
The second method is to use the Upsview.nlm module directly on the server console. This is able to monitor the UPS without a
connected workstation; however this program is limited by the alpha-numeric interface (black-white for Novell 3.12 and coloured for
higher versions).
The styles of the displayed screens are dependent on the type of alpha-numeric interface used.
72 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
4.
The Upsview for JAVA and Mac OS X
The Upsview user interface is nearly identical to the Windows version. All parameters are the same as described in the Windows
Upsview section (refer to the Windows section).
UPSMON User Manual
Uninstallation of the UPSMON • 73
VII. Uninstallation of the UPSMON
ATTENTION: Before attempting to carryout the uninstall procedure, ensure that the Upsview or Upsetup program are not
running.
1.
Uninstall procedure for Windows
To uninstall from Windows, it is possible to use the standard uninstall procedure for Windows designed applications. For example via
the Control Panel / Add and remove programs or it is possible to use the uninstall icon in the UPSMON program group.
2.
Uninstall procedure for UNIX
To uninstall from UNIX, the specific uninstall program for the specific UNIX operating system must be used. For further information
please refer to the operating system manual.
3.
Uninstall procedure for Novell Netware
To uninstall from Novell Netware, ensure that you are connected to the server using the Windows workstation which was used for the
installation. Otherwise all of the files must be deleted manually.
It is possible to uninstall using the standard uninstall procedure for Windows designed applications. For example via the Control Panel /
Add and remove programs or it is possible to use the uninstall icon in the UPSMON program group.
Finally ensure that the startup shortcut for the Upsagent from Autoexec.ncf is deleted.
4.
Uninstall procedure for Mac OS X
To uninstall from Mac OS X, use the script uninstall-upsmon.command on the upsmon directory, this can only be executed with root
rights.
74 • Uninstallation of the UPSMON
UPSMON User Manual
VIII. Configuration for expert users
1.
Manual changes of the UPSMON.INI parameters
The UPSMON.INI configuration file includes some fields that are possible to modify by editing the file.
SYSTEM section:
[System]
OEMMode=0
1 Enables the configuration menu and the functions menu;
4 Disables the display of the Upsagent icon on the task bar;
It is possible to use a combination of these i.e. 1+2 =3.
DebugMode=0
1 Enables the view of some extended parameters in the debug mode;
3 Decodes the entire UDP packet in the TCP/IP communication;
ShutdownType=1
0 Executes only the system shutdown (computer with AT power supply);
1 Default executes system shutdown and turns off the computer power supply (ATX power supply);
In the SERIAL_00 section:
[Serial_00]
CheckRate=1
Enables the time between one request and the next for the serial communication to be incremented. This is important if there is
communications loss due to a slow computer.
2.
Console execution of Upsagent
The Upsagent service can be executed using various parameters:
¾
-debug to view all the data flow between the program and the UPS;
¾
-log to save the data flow shown in the file debug.log;
The file created can be used to solve any problems with the communication.
In Windows there are others parameters:
¾
-start to start the service;
¾
-stop to stop the service;
¾
-install to write the service in the Windows configuration registry;
¾
-remove to cancel the service from the Windows configuration registry;
UPSMON Manuale Utente
Configurazione per utenti esperti • 75
IX. Communication port specifications
1.
RS-232 specifications
25 pin contact (male at the computer end):
Pin #
Signal
Name
1
GND
Ground
2
TxT
Transmit Data
3
RxD
Receive Data
4
RTS
Request To Send
5
CTS
Clear To Send
6
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
7
GND
Ground
8
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
20
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
22
RI
Ring
9 pin contact (male at the computer end):
Pin #
Signal
1
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
2
RxD
Receive Data
3
TxD
Transmit Data
4
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
5
GND
Ground
6
DSR
Data Set Ready
7
RTS
Request To Send
8
CTS
Clear To Send
9
RI
2.
Name
Ring
IRIX - serial communication ports
All IRIS-4D Series machines have two or more general purpose serial ports. These ports may be used to connect terminals, printers,
modems, other machines, or graphical input devices such as a tablet or dial and button box. Each line may be independently set to run at
speed, as high as 19,200 or even 38,400 bps. Various character echoing and interpreting parameters can also be set.
Special files for the serial ports exist in the /dev directory. These files, tty[dfm][1-56] are created automatically when the system
software is installed. Each port is referred to by three different names, represents the port number.
Some drivers are used for directly connecting simple devices including most terminals; others for the use modem control signals; and
more for devices that understand hardware flow control signals.
UPSMON User Manual
Communication port specifications • 77
There are four different types of connectors found on various 4D models. The DB-9 serial port connectors, which are found on the
Challenge, Onyx, Personal Iris, and PowerSeries machines, have the following pin assignments.
Pin #
Signal
Name
2
TD
Transmit Data
3
RD
Receive Data
4
RTS
Request to Send
5
CTS
Clear to Send
7
SG
Signal Ground
8
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
9
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
The Challenge and Onyx systems supply an RS-422 port. This RS-422 port uses a DB-9 serial connector that have the following pin
assignment:
Pin #
Signal
Name
1
DTR
2
TXDL
Transmit Data Low
3
RXDL
Receive Data Low
4
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
5
CTS
Clear to Send
6
SG
Signal Ground
7
TXHD
Transmit Data High
8
RXDH
Receive Data High
9
RTS
Data Terminal Ready
Request To Send
In order to support peripherals which draw power from the host system, the Challenge and Onyx systems provide two poweredperipheral serial ports. These ports have a DIN-8 connector. The powered ports share the tty2 and tty3 signal lines with the standard DB9 connectors; if the DB-9 connector for tty2 is already in use, you cannot use the powered peripheral connector for tty2. Similarly, if
tty3's DB-9 connector is connected to a peripheral, the powered peripheral port connected to the tty3 signal lines cannot also be used.
The powered peripheral ports have the following pin assignments.
Pin #
Segnale
Nome
1
DCD
Data Terminal Ready
2
CTS
Clear To Send
3
STEREO
Stereo Field Sync
4
RD
Receive Data
5
TD
Transmit Data
6
SG
Signal Ground
7
GND
Ground Point
8
V10P
10V Supply
78 • Communication port specifications
UPSMON User Manual
3.
4D Compatible Pin Assignments (RS-232)
The DIN-8 serial port connectors on the Personal Iris 4D/30, 4D/35, 4D/RPC (Indigo), 4D/RPC-50 (R4000 Indigo), Indy and Indigo 82
have the following pin assignments.
Pin #
Segnale
1
DTR
Data Terminal Ready
2
CTS
Clear To Send
3
TD
Transmit Data
4
SG
Signal Ground
5
RD
Receive Data
6
RTS
Request to Send
7
DCD
Data Carrier Detect
8
SG
UPSMON User Manual
Nome
Signal Ground
Communication port specifications • 79
X.
Troubleshooting
1.
General
Problem:
2.
On some Computer Main boards the COM ports are mixed up, therefore it is possible that COM 1 under NOVELL is
actually COM 2 under NT etc. So if any communication problems exist, configure the software intentionally on the
”wrong” com port and try again. This problem is known from some ASUS, Acer, GigaByte and SIEMENS Main
boards out of production 1997.
All operating systems
Problem:
Error message: ”Ups communication lost.”
Answer:
There is no COM-Port available, check the COM-Port, the settings in CMOS and System-Setup.
Problem:
During the system boot, the UPS Management software starts and the UPS turns off.
Answer:
To guarantee the correct function of UPSMON Software use the default settings for the UPS model or the serial porttype, this problem can also be caused by a wrong cable-connection.
Problem:
In the logfile of UPSMOM the message "Communication lost, communications restored" occurs.
Answer:
Some of the data from the UPS is not correct or the bytes of software received where damaged. This may be the
result of external effects on the cables or the UPS. Check the cable, cable length and the communication parameters.
Check if any background software that is using the com ports is active. (e.g. Virus checker within NetWare, or
others). If this message occurs periodically, it is not a critical event. Only if this message occurs continuously for a
longer period should you contact the UPS software/hardware support.
3.
Troubleshooting Novell NetWare
Problem:
ASUS P5HX/B (series 1997) does not accept any NOFIFO Parameters at NOVELL AIOCOMX Commands.
Answer:
Node Parameter Problem with Novell NetWare: If AIOCOMX is installed and responds with the message "loaded
aiocomx 2F8 on port 36789690 " the node parameter, e.g. NODE=1, has to be specified otherwise the serial port will
not work.
Problem:
The UPSMON Software could not establish the communication to the UPS.
Answer:
You may have configured a port which is not found by aiocomx.nlm. Check the ports offered by aiocomx.nlm. Pay
attention to the screen display when starting aiocomx.nlm. If aiocomx.nlm has been started, unload aiocomx.nlm and
start it again to check the parameters. Check if other modules are using aiocomx.nlm (like fax software, time
synchronising modules, etc…).
Problem:
I receive the error message: ”Loader cannot find public symbol”.
Answer:
Has SNMP been loaded before the start of the UPS service? Check the SNMP-Version. From version 2.08 on
communications is possible. Please use a CLIB.NLM that is able to work with SNMP.NLM.
Problem:
I receive the error message: ”Communication lost”.
Answer:
Upsagent can not identify the protocol.
80 • Troubleshooting
UPSMON User Manual
Solutions:
4.
a.
Has an original Novell NetWare aio- or aiocomx-driver been used? Some fax software products (e.g.
Faxware) have their own aio-modules for serial communication which do not correspond with the
NetWare-standard and overwrite the original drivers.
b.
Is the port of the system ok? In certain cases the port is unable to support the standard for NetWare-aio and
-aiocomx (especially with ports on board with a 16550 components). Replace the aio- and aiocomx-modules with up-to-date drivers or try a manual start of the aiocomx-modules with the parameter ”nofifo”
(”load sys:system\aiocomx nofifo”).
c.
Is the communication speed for aiocomx too high? Set the UPS on a communication rate of 2400 or 1200
baud, if your UPS supports this, and test it again. If you can’t reduce the communication speed of your
UPS-model set the parameter for aiocomx to maxrate=baud. You can find further information concerning
the parameters in aiocomx help and on the CD in the Drivers directory.
Troubleshooting Windows
Problem:
Upsagent does not start: "UPS Communications lost".
Answer:
This error means that you are using a device name which does not exist. Try another device and check the NT serial
connection settings.
Problem:
UPS shutdown contact-closure when NT is booting.
Answer:
a.
This problem occurs, because of a high signal on the com port when Windows NT searches for serial mouse
hardware.
b.
Change the entry in BOOT.INI: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(2)\WINNT="Windows NT Workstation,
Version 4.0" /noserialmice=comx, where x represents the COM port where NT should not search for a
mouse, because the UPS is connected here.
d.
Exception: any none MS mouse drivers have to be disabled via the device manager.
5.
Troubleshooting UNIX
Problem:
When reading the disk an error message appears”can not open file, can not read disk...”
Answer:
a.
You have entered the name of your disk drive wrong. Please check which driver is installed for the disk in
the directory /dev. The disk should read as ”rawdisk” on most systems.
b.
Is the disk being read with the correct command? With the UPSMON software the disk is formatted in the
TAR-format.
c.
Is the disk or the disk drive defective? Please try the disk on another Unix system or maybe ask your dealer
for a replacement disk.
d.
Is the disk drive mounted?
Problem:
How can I shutdown my database i.e. within the ups_exe shell?
Answer:
It is sufficient to edit the ups_shut.scr file and write the command of database shutdown.
Problem:
Unix problem with HP Netserver LC2.
Answer:
Please switch the remote access in the BIOS to ”disabled” otherwise a UPS communication is not possible, because
the same IRQ is used as with the TTY port.
Problem:
Upsagent does not start. "communication lost".
Answer:
This error occurs only with cable serial setting. Possible Problems: You are using the wrong device, cable, or adapter
between the computer and cable. If you are using an IRIX server you often need a adapter it to connect the computer
to UPS (Mini-DIN to D-SUB 9). With the IRIX serial com port description below you can check if you are using the
correct one.
UPSMON User Manual
Troubleshooting • 81
Problem:
A false alarm by the Upsagent happens in constant intervals.
Answer:
Is the port ”free” meaning that no ”getty” processes are active? No ”Login” must run on this port. In the file inittab
”respawn” has to be overwritten with ”off”.
Problem:
When I start the ups_shut.scr script I get a syntax error.
Answer:
Change default shell to sh.
Problem:
The configuration menu can not be read at the terminal type 978x of a Siemens-computer.
Answer:
For a correct screen display the baudrate has to be set to 9600/19200.
Problem:
The message ”Write error on /dev/..” or TCSAGET error on...” appears.
Answer:
Especially with IBM AIX a ”clocal” has to be entered in the SMIT (configuration menu) in the boot-default settings
of the interface that should be used by the UPS. (The interface should be without modem control signals and no
hardware handshake).
Problem:
After changes are made in the Upsetup menu the Upsagent starts unchanged.
Answer:
Changes have been made in the ups_conf menu but a running Upsagent has not taken over the changes. Stop the
daemon and restart.
Problem:
Some files on the CD-ROM are not displayed in the correct way or the install script ends abnormally.
Answer:
Mount the CD-ROM as "case sensitive". Check the correct mount commands for your system. E.g. HP UNIX may
use: "mount -o cdcase <device> <mountpoint>" or DEC ALPHA OSF1 V 3.2 "mount -t cdfs -o noversion /dev/rz6c
/cdrom2" (rz=Disktyp, 6= SCSI address, c=partition, c for total). SINIX: "mount -F hs /dev/ios0/sdisk005s0 /cdrom".
LINUX: "mount -t iso9660 /dev/scd0 /cdrom". See your specific UNIX mount options.
Problem:
Error message during start of Upsagent: ”Communication lost".
Answer:
a.
Is the UPS-cable plugged in the correct way (Plug-side of the SUB D9 to the UPS)? Do you use any
adapters? If so, check the contact of the cable, the pin layout and their correct correspondence to your UPS
user manual interface description.
b.
Has the port of the Unix-system been indicated correctly? The correct ”Name” of the serial port has to be
indicated in the menu Upsetup or with the editor in the configuration file.
Example: The entry in the configuration menu could be: ”Ups Connection: /dev/tty01". If the DEVICE
exists it can be entered. Even if you can enter a DEVICE it does not necessarily mean that this is the one
where the UPS-cable is plugged in.
c.
Is the port directly located at the computer or at a multiplexer or Terminal-server? Some Terminal-server do
not give certain interface settings, but change the port address after every boot. On such a distributor a
connection is not possible. With Multiplexer 1 only contact information is transmitted.
d.
Have you been logged in as ”root” or ”superuser”? Login as ”root” and restart.
e.
Using Siemens RM-models this message appears if the port is unknown or has not been configured at the
system-installation. If RM-models have not configured a port you can do this with the termadd command.
termadd -T serial -n UPS -b motherboard 0,2 -d -l generic
Where ”UPS” is the name of the interface for the UPS service (/dev/UPS) and ”motherboard” names the
location of the interface. For ”motherboard” a different device can be used, such as the ITP-interface
distributor or CHASE I/OLAN on large RM models. The UPS service can also be used on all interface
distributors, if a clear port is dedicated. At the command entry ”motherboard 0,1” 0 stands for the board and
1 for the port address. A newly created device should be moved from the directory /dev/term to /dev.
82 • Troubleshooting
UPSMON User Manual
Please print out the help documents with ”man termadd”. All options are stored for this command. With
”termdel” this port is deleted. With ”termshow ⎜ grep UPS” the configuration can be displayed.
UPSMON User Manual
f.
Using SCO-computer systems a terminal translator (mapchan or mapkey) may be mapped on the
configured tty port with /etc/default/mapchan (in most cases only on com1/ttya). This causes a malfunction
of the RS 232-port. Check if this process is active and delete it if necessary. Check in the file /etc/gettydefs,
which baud rate has been assigned to the port and change it to correspond to the UPS-parameter.
g.
HP UNIX computers sometimes have the following entry in the inittab: ups0:: respawn:rtprio 0
/usr/ups_mond -f /etc/ups_conf. In the SAM menu Peripheral Devices > Uninterruptible Power Supplies
this entry is to be found, but not activated. But this causes the device not to work correctly with UPSMON.
Delete this entry and restart.
Troubleshooting • 83
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising