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GE Fanuc Automation
Programmable Control Products
Series 90 t-30
Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module
User’s Manual
GFK-0695A
July 1997
GFL–002
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
as Used in this Publication
Warning
Warning notices are used in this publication to emphasize that
hazardous voltages, currents, temperatures, or other conditions that
could cause personal injury exist in this equipment or may be
associated with its use.
In situations where inattention could cause either personal injury or
damage to equipment, a Warning notice is used.
Caution
Caution notices are used where equipment might be damaged if care is
not taken.
Note
Notes merely call attention to information that is especially significant to
understanding and operating the equipment.
This document is based on information available at the time of its publication. While
efforts have been made to be accurate, the information contained herein does not
purport to cover all details or variations in hardware or software, nor to provide for
every possible contingency in connection with installation, operation, or maintenance.
Features may be described herein which are not present in all hardware and software
systems. GE Fanuc Automation assumes no obligation of notice to holders of this
document with respect to changes subsequently made.
GE Fanuc Automation makes no representation or warranty, expressed, implied, or
statutory with respect to, and assumes no responsibility for the accuracy, completeness,
sufficiency, or usefulness of the information contained herein. No warranties of
merchantability or fitness for purpose shall apply.
The following are trademarks of GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.
Alarm Master
CIMPLICITY
CIMPLICITY Control
CIMPLICITY PowerTRAC
CIMPLICITY 90-ADS
CIMSTAR
Field Control
GEnet
Genius
Genius PowerTRAC
Helpmate
Logicmaster
Modelmaster
PowerMotion
ProLoop
PROMACRO
Series Five
Series 90
Copyright 1992–97 GE Fanuc Automation North America, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Series One
Series Six
Series Three
VuMaster
Workmaster
Preface
This book describes the features, installation, and operation of the Series 90t-30
Enhanced Genius Communications Module.
Contents of this Manual
This book contains the following chapters:
Chapter 1. Introduction: describes the capabilities and appearance of the Enhanced
Genius Communications Module and lists its specifications.
Chapter 2. Hardware Installations: explains how to install or remove an Enhanced
Genius Communications Module and how to remove and replace the module’s Terminal
Assembly. This chapter also explains how to choose and install the bus cable, and how to
install an optional connector for a Genius Hand-held Monitor.
Chapter 3. Operation and Timing: explains how the GCM+ sends, receives, and
allocates Global Data. It also describes how other devices on the bus handle GCM+
Global Data and explains how to estimate the CPU sweep time and bus scan time
contribution of the GCM+.
Chapter 4. Configuration: describes the module’s selectable features and summarizes
configuration steps for a Hand-held Programmer.
Chapter 5. Diagnostics: describes the diagnostics features of the Enhanced Genius
Communications Module:
Appendix A. Characteristics of the Genius Bus.
Appendix B. Comparison of the GCM+ and GCM.
Changes in This Version of the Manual
This manual has been extensively revised and reorganized. Major changes include:
GFK-0695A
1.
Information on bus cable types has been updated and expanded.
2.
Information on bus installation has been expanded.
3.
Information specific to the Logicmaster 90 programming and configuration
software has been removed.
4.
The module configuration chapter has been restructured to include Hand–held
Programmer configuration steps with parameter definitions.
5.
An appendix detailing the electrical characteristics of the bus has been added.
Series 90 t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual
– July 1997
iii
Preface
Related Publications
For more information, refer to the following publications:
Series 90-30 Installation and Operation Manual (GFK-0356): This manual is the primary
reference for information about the Series 90-30 PLC.
Hand-held Programmer User’s Manual (GFK-0402): This book describes the Hand-held
Programmer displays, and explains operator procedures for module configuration,
programming, and data monitoring.
Logicmaster 90-30 Software User’s Manual: This manual explains how to use the
Logicmaster 90-30 software for programming and configuring a Series 90-30 PLC.
Genius I/O System User’s Manual (GEK–90486–1): Reference manual for system
designers, programmers, and others involved in integrating Genius I/O products in a
PLC or host computer environment. This book provides a system overview, and
describes the types of systems that can be created using Genius products. Datagrams,
Global Data, and data formats are defined.
We Welcome Your Comments and Suggestions
At GE Fanuc automation, we strive to produce quality technical documentation. After
you have used this manual, please take a few moments to complete and return the
Reader ’s Comment Card located on the next page.
Jeanne Grimsby
Senior Technical Writer
iv
Series 90 t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July
1997
GFK-0695A
Contents
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
Module Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2
Module Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3
Global Data for the GCM+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Diagnostics Provided by the GCM+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
Some Special Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
Data Monitoring by a Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring Inputs from I/O Blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Communications Among Bus Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5
1-6
1-7
Using Global Data Communications to Emulate Remote I/O . . . . . . . . .
1-8
Hardware Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4
GFK-0695A
2-1
Module Installation and Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
Module Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Module Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-2
Terminal Assembly Removal and Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Bus Cable Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5
Using Other Cable Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
Bus Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
Baud Rate Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6
Bus Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
Wiring Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
Lightning Transient Suppression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
Installing a Hand-held Monitor Connector
Chapter 3
1-1
..........................
2-10
Operation & Timing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
How the GCM+ Handles Global Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
GCM+ Receives Global Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2
GCM+ Sends Global Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Data Without an Application Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3-3
How Other Devices Handle GCM+ Global Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4
Timing Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5
Bus Scan Time for Global Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6
Estimating Data Response Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7
Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
t
4-1
Initial Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
Global Data Transmissions during Reconfiguration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Genius Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
v
Contents
Chapter 5
Starting Hand-held Programmer Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
Configurable Features of the GCM+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4
Bus Address (Device Number) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
Baud Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5
Series Six Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Data Default . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6
Report Faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
Drop ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7
Global Data References, Lengths, & Offsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8
Configuration Example 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10
Configuration Example 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12
Configuration Example 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14
Configuration Example 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-16
Configuration Example 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-19
Diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
Status Bits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
Fault Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2
Appendix A Characteristics of the Genius Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-1
Electrical Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-2
Serial Bus Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-4
Effect of Long Cables, Repeaters, or Unspecified Cable Types on Maximum Length
Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-5
Serial Data Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-6
Bus Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-7
Bus Errors Caused by Noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A-7
Appendix B Comparison of the GCM+ and the GCM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
vi
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Genius Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
B-1
GFK-0695A
Restarts for autonumbers that do not restart in each
chapter.
figure bi level 1, reset
table_big level 1, reset
chap_big level 1, reset1
app_big level 1, resetA
figure_ap level 1, reset
table_ap level 1, reset
figure level 1, reset
table level 1, reset Table 1.
Chapter
1
1
these restarts must be in the header frame of chapter 1.
a:ebx, l 1 resetA
a:obx:l 1, resetA
a:bigbx level 1 resetA
a:ftr level 1 resetA
c:ebx, l 1 reset1
c:obx:l 1, reset1
c:bigbx level 1 reset1
c:ftr level 1 reset1
Reminders for autonumbers that need to be restarted
manually (first instance will always be 4)
let_in level 1: A. B. C.
letter level 1:A.B.C.
num level 1: 1. 2. 3.
num_in level 1: 1. 2. 3.
rom_in level 1: I. II. III.
roman level 1: I. II. III.
steps level 1: 1. 2. 3.
Introduction
section level 1
figure bi level 1
table_big level 1
Overview
t
The Series 90 –30 Enhanced Genius Communications Module (IC693CMM302) is an
intelligent module that provides automatic “global data” communications between a
Series 90-30 PLC and up to 31 other devices on a Genius bus.
The Enhanced Genius Communications Module (GCM+) can be located in any standard
Series 90-30 CPU rack, I/O rack, or remote I/O rack.
Two or more GCM+ modules can be installed in a Series 90-30 PLC. Each GCM+ has its
own Genius bus, which can serve up to 31 additional devices. That means a Series 90-30
PLC equipped with two GCM+ modules can exchange global data with as many as 62
other Genius devices automatically.
Series 90-30 HHP
Series 90-70
GCM+
Bus Controller
Series 90-30
Computer Used
for Data Monitoring
Genius Bus
Computer Used
for Programming
and Configuration
PCIM
The illustration above represents a Series 90-30 PLC with an Enhanced Genius
Communications Module that can exchange Global Data with a Series 90-70 PLC and a
computer equipped with a PCIM card. The diagram also shows a Hand-held
Programmer and a computer, both of which can be used to configure the Series 90-30
PLC and GCM+. The GCM+ can monitor input data from I/O devices; however, it
cannot control I/O devices.
GFK-0695A
1-1
1
Module Description
The GCM+ is a standard Series 90-30 PLC module. It plugs easily into the PLC’s
backplate. The latch on the bottom of the module secures it in position.
The module’s Terminal Assembly, with its protective hinged cover, is removable. Bus
connections are made to the Terminal Assembly and routed out through the bottom. The
Terminal Assembly can be removed without breaking the bus and disrupting Genius
communications if appropriately installed as described in chapter 2.
a43394
Î
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎ
Î
OK
(LED)
COMM OK
(LED)
REMOVABLE
TERMINAL
ASSEMBLY
HINGED
COVER
LATCH
There are no DIP switches or jumpers to set on the module. Its configuration is
completed using the Hand-held Programmer or system programming software. A
GCM+ can not be configured with a Genius Hand-held Monitor.
LEDs
LEDs on the front of the GCM+ module indicate its operating status, and the status of
communications between the module and the Series 90-30 PLC.
OK
indicates that the GCM+ has passed its powerup test and is operating.
COMM
indicates that the GCM+ is configured and is transmitting or receiving
global data.
If either OK or COMM is off or blinking, look for the following causes:
1-2
t
OK LED
COMM LED
Indicates:
ON
ON
ON
Blinking
Intermittent bus operation
Synchronous
blinking
Synchronous
blinking
Genius Bus Address conflict
ON
OFF
Module not configured, or no
communications
OFF
OFF
No power or fatal powerup error
Normal operation
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
1
Module Specifications
Ordering information
IC693CMM302
Moduletype
Series 90-30 PLC module, providing Genius
Global Data communications with up to 31 other devices.
Up to 2
<300mA at +5VDC
Quantity per PLC
Currentconsumption
Global data length per GCM+
Transmitted:
Received:
Series 90-30 PLC, memory types for
globaldata
LEDs
Software diagnostics
Environmental:
Operating temperature
Storage temperature
Humidity
Vibration and shock
Up to 128 bytes.
Up to 128 bytes each from up to 31 other devices.
%G, %I, %Q, %AI, %AQ, %R
OK, COMM
Status bits, Fault Reporting to Series 90-70 PLC
0_C to +60_C (+32_F to +140_F)
–25 _C to +70_C (– 13_F to +158_F)
5% to 95% (non–condensing)
0.2 inch displacement 5Hz to 10Hz
1 G 10Hz to 200Hz
5 G 10Ms duration
Compatibility
Specific equipment or software versions required for compatibility with the GCM+
module are listed below.
Series 90-30
PLC
CPU: The GCM+ module can be used with CPU models: IC693CPU311K, 321K, 331L or
later. Other CPU models can be any version. The CPU firmware must be rel. 3.5 or later.
Logicmaster 90-30 software: rel. 3.5 (IC641SWP301L, 304J, 306F, 307F) or later is required.
Genius Communications Module: The GCM+ cannot be installed in a Series 90-30 PLC
that also has a Genius Communications Module (IC693CMM301). However, that module
can be located in another PLC on the bus, and it may exchange global data with a
GCM+. Appendix B compares the features of the GCM+ with those of the GCM.
Series 90-70
PLC
Bus Controller: v. 3.0 (IC697BEM731D) or later is required. If the Series 90-70 PLC will
receive fault reports from the GCM+, the bus controller must be v. 4.0 (IC697BEM731F)
or later. If Logicmaster 90-70 Software is used, it must be version 4.0 or later.
Series Six
PLC
Bus Controller: To exchange global data with a GCM+, the Series Six Bus Controller
must be catalog number IC660CBB902F/903F (firmware version 1.5), or later.
Genius
Hand-held
Monitor
A Genius Hand-held Monitor can be used to display: the GCM+ Bus Address, its
software version, and the Series Six register address configured for global data. HHM
version IC660HHM501H (rev. 4.5) or later is required. There is no Hand-held Monitor
connector on the GCM+ module, but a Hand-held Monitor may communicate with the
GCM+ while connected to any other device on the bus. Optionally, an additional HHM
mating connector can be installed on the bus near the GCM+.
Genius I/O
Blocks
Genius I/O blocks may be present on the same bus. However, the GCM+ is not
compatible with older “phase” A blocks; they should not be installed on the same bus.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-3
1
Global Data for the GCM+
Global data is data that is transmitted automatically and repeatedly, allowing the
formation of a shared database. The GCM+ can exchange global data with any other
PLC or host computer in the bus.
Each bus scan, a GCM+ module can send up to 128 bytes of global data from exactly one
of the following: %I, %Q, %G, %AI, %AQ, or %R memory in the Series 90-30 PLC.
Because the global data is broadcast, the same data is available to all other global data
devices on the bus.
GCM+
GCM+
GCM+
"
Y
global data
Y
Conversely, each bus scan the GCM+ module can pass to the CPU up to 128 bytes of
global data each from up to 31 other devices on the bus. If the Series 90-30 PLC does not
need certain global data that is being sent, the GCM+ can easily be configured to ignore
all or part of any global data message.
GCM+
GCM+
GCM+
global data
A
global data
A
Incoming global data can be placed in %I, %Q, %G, %AI, %AQ, or %R memory in the
Series 90-30 PLC. One destination per incoming message is permitted.
For the Series 90-30 PLC, no special programming is needed to start or stop global data.
Chapter 3 explains how global data passes between the Series 90-30 PLC and a GCM+
module. It also describes operation of the Genius bus scan, and explains how to estimate
global data timing.
Diagnostics Provided by the GCM+
The GCM+ provides two kinds of diagnostic information. (For more information about
these diagnostics features, see chapter 5).
Status Bits: The GCM+ uses 32 status bits in %I memory to indicate the presence or
absence of each device on the bus. The status bits also verify operation of the GCM+
itself. Each bit represents one bus device, from bus address 0 in the LSB to bus address 31
in the MSB.
Fault Reports: If this feature is enabled by configuration, the GCM+ will send fault
reports to be monitored by a Series 90-70 PLC on the bus. Among the diagnostic
information available is the addition or loss of a rack in the Series 90-30 PLC, and the
addition or loss of a module. Each Series 90-30 PLC is treated as a remote drop by the
Series 90-70 PLC.
1-4
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
GFK-0695A
1
Some Special Applications
In addition to basic global data exchange, the GCM+ module can be used for
applications such as:
H
H
H
H
Data monitoring by a personal or industrial computer.
Monitoring data from I/O blocks.
Communications among devices on the bus.
Emulating remote I/O for the Series 90-30 by allowing another device on the bus to
read input data and control output data in a Series 90-30 PL.C.
Data Monitoring by a Computer
In the example system below, there are two Series 90-30 PLCs, a Series 90-70 PLC, and a
host computer on a bus. Each bus scan, the Series 90-70 PLC sends one global data
message to communicate with both of the Series 90-30 PLCs. Each of the Series 90-30
PLCs sends one global data message to communicate with the Series 90-70 PLC and with
the other Series 90-30. The host computer acts as a monitor, and reads all global data.
b
b
b
global data
global data
global data
In this system:
H
The Series 90-70 PLC broadcasts 100 bytes of global data each bus scan. Within this
100 bytes, the first 60 bytes is data for one Series 90-30 PLC, and the last 40 bytes is
data for the other Series 90-30 PLC.
H
Each Series 90-30 PLC places the corresponding portion of the data received from
the Series 90-70 PLC directly into its host PLC‘s memory, and discards the rest.
H
H
Both Series 90-30 PLCs send 50 bytes of global data.
H
The Series 90-70 PLC automatically receives all Global Data from both Series 90-30
PLCs.
Each Series 90-30 PLC listens to 10 bytes of the other’s global data and discards the
rest.
Configuration
Because each of these GCM+ modules receives much more incoming global data than
its host PLC needs, the GCM+ module’s offset and length configuration features are
used to discard the extra data. For configuration details, see chapter 4.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-5
1
Monitoring Inputs from I/O Blocks
Devices on a bus may include Genius I/O blocks which are under the control of another
type of host (either a PLC or computer). The GCM+ cannot be used to control I/O
blocks. However, it is possible for the Series 90-30 PLC to monitor the input data that is
broadcast by individual I/O blocks.
In this system:
H
H
The Series 90-70 PLC controls the operation of the I/O blocks.
H
All three PLCs exchange global data with each other.
The Series 90-30 PLCs listen to input data from the I/O blocks, but cannot control
their outputs.
Configuration
The Series 90-30 PLC will receive the input data from block if the block’s bus address
(SBA) is assigned a length during configuration of the GCM+ module. See chapter 4 for
configuration instructions.
1-6
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
1
Communications Among Bus Devices
In the system represented below, four Series 90-30 PLCs exchange communications via
GCM+ modules. Every bus scan, each Series 90-30 sends global data to all of the others.
Using the message length and offset configuration features of the GCM+, each of the
other Series 90-30s is able to read a designated 8–byte section of the message and
discard the rest.
"
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
In this example, each Series 90-30 PLC sends its global data from output (%Q) memory,
and places incoming global data into input (%I) memory.
Output
Table
Input
Table
"
Y
8 bytes
Input
Table
Y
8 bytes
Input
Table
Y
8 bytes
The illustrations represent the global data transmission for one Series 90-30 PLC. In the
same bus scan, the three other PLCS also send global data which is read by the others in
the same way.
Configuration
Configuration for this type of application is explained in chapter 4.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 1 Introduction
1-7
1
Using Global Data Communications to Emulate Remote I/O
In this example, four Series 90-30 PLCs exchange data from their I/O tables. One of the
PLCs sends output data to the others and receives input data from them in return. Here,
the device sending outputs is a Series 90-30 PLC. The device sending outputs could also
be a Series 90-70 PLC, a host computer, or a Series Six or Series Five PLC.
PLC Sends Outputs (example)
Every bus scan, the device that controls outputs sends global data. Each of the other
PLCs reads its own 8-byte section of the message and discards the rest.
Device that Sends Outputs
"
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
Because the first PLC sends global data from its output table to the output tables of the
other PLCs, it can actually control the other PLCs’ output devices.
Device that Sends Outputs
Output
Table
"
8 bytes
Output
Table
Output
Table
Output
Table
Y
Y
Y
8 bytes
8 bytes
Other PLCs Send Inputs
In the same bus scan, each of the other PLCs sends data from its own input table to the
first PLC’s input table. The application program in the first PLC can act on these global
data inputs as though they were inputs from its own PLC system.
Device that Sends Outputs
A
A
A
inputs sent as global data
Configuration
Configuration for this type of application is explained in chapter 4.
1-8
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
GFK-0695A
Chapter
2
Hardware Installation
section level 1
figure bi level 1
table_big level 1
2
This chapter explains how to:
H
H
H
H
H
H
install and remove a GCM+ module
remove and install the module’s Terminal Assembly
select and install the Bus Cable
connect and terminate the communications bus
plan system wiring installation and protect against lightning surges
install a separate Genius Hand-held Monitor connector on the bus
Module Installation and Removal
The GCM+ module may be installed and removed in the same manner as all other
Series 90-30 modules. Power must be OFF when installing or removing the module.
Module Installation
To install the GCM+ module in the Series 90-30 PLC backplate:
1.
Grasp the module with the terminal board toward you and the rear hook facing away
from you.
2.
Align the module with the desired base slot and connector. Tilt the module upward
so that the top rear hook on the module engages the slot on the baseplate.
3.
Swing the module downward until the connectors mate and the locking lever on
the bottom of the module snaps into place, engaging the baseplate notch.
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Î
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Î
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Î
Î
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Î
Î
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
a43055
Î
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
Note the slot number; this number must be entered when the module is configured.
GFK-0695A
2-1
2
Module Removal
The module can be removed without powering down the communications bus,
provided the incoming and outgoing Serial 1 wires have been connected to one terminal
and the Serial 2 wires have been connected to one terminal or jumpered as described on
the next page. If this has been done, do not disconnect the bus cable or any terminating
resistor. Remove the Terminal Assembly from the front of the GCM+ carefully. Avoid
contact with exposed cable wiring. Place the Terminal Assembly, with the bus wiring still
attached, in a protected location.
Caution
If exposed wiring comes in contact with conductive material, data on
the bus may be corrupted, possibly causing the system to shut down.
If the rest of the bus is powered down, the bus wiring can be removed from the module.
To remove the module:
1.
Locate the release lever on the bottom of the module. Firmly press it up toward the
module.
2.
While holding the module firmly at the top, continue fully depressing the release
lever and swing the module upward.
3.
Disengage the hook at the top of the module by raising the module up and moving
it away from the baseplate.
a43056
Î
Î
Î
PRESS
RELEASE LEVER
Note
If the Genius bus is operating at 76.8Kbaud, the bus must be properly
terminated before powering–up the GCM+ module.
The module will not power up on an unterminated bus at 76.8Kbaud.
2-2
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
2
Terminal Assembly Removal and Installation
The Terminal Assembly of all Series 90–30 modules can be removed or installed from
the module as described below.
Terminal Assembly Removal
1.
Open the hinged cover on the front of the module.
2.
There is a jacking lever above the wiring terminals, on the left. Push this lever
upward to release the terminal block.
ÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
Î
Î
ÎÎÎÎ
JACKING
LEVER
3.
a43061
Grasp the narrower pull–tab located at the right of the retaining tab. Pull the tab
toward you until the contacts have separated from the module housing and the
hook has disengaged.
PULL
TAB
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎ
Î
ÎÎ
GFK-0695A
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
ÎÎ
a43715
2-3
2
Terminal Assembly Installation
To replace the Terminal Assembly, follow the steps below. If wiring is already in place, be
sure that the Terminal Assembly is being connected to the proper type of module.
Caution
Check the label on the hinged door and the label on the module to be
sure they match. If a wired Terminal Assembly is installed on the
wrong module type, damage to the module may result.
1.
If the pull tab at the top of the Terminal Assembly is extended, push it back. Close
the Terminal Assembly door.
2.
Place the hook at the bottom of the Terminal Assembly into the corresponding slot at
the bottom of the module.
3.
Pivot the Terminal Assembly upward and firmly press it into position.
4.
Open the door and check to be sure that the latch is securely holding the Terminal
Assembly in place.
a43062
2
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎ
3
1
REFER TO TEXT FOR
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
2-4
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
2
Bus Cable Selection
The Genius bus is a shielded twisted-pair wire, daisy-chained from block to block and terminated at both
ends. Proper cable selection is critical to successful operation of the system.
Each bus in the system can be any cable type listed in the table below. Do not mix cables of different impedance,
regardless of cable run length. Do not mix cable types in long and/or noisy installations.. Other, small-size twisted
pair shielded wire of unspecified impedance can be used for short runs of 50 feet or less, using 75 ohm
terminations. Selection of wire type may be limited by local and national codes and industry standards. Consult
the cable manufacturer to determine the cable’s suitability for a particular type of installation.
Conservative wiring practices and national and local codes require physical separation between control circuits and power distribution or motor power. Refer to sections 430 and 725 of the National Electric Code. Also
refer to Appendix A for more detailed information about the bus.
Cable #
& Make
NEC
(USA)
T
Type
Outer
Diameter
(A)9823
(C)4596
(M)M39240
(B)89182
none
CL2
CM
CL2P
(B)9841
(M)M3993
Numberof
Conduct /
tors/
AWG
.350in
8.89mm
150 ohms
2 / #22
30v
60C
2000ft
606m
.322in
8.18mm
150 ohms
2 / #22
150v
200C
CM
CL2
.270in
6.86mm
120 ohms
2 / #24
30v
(A)9818C
(B)9207
(M)M4270
(A)9109
(B)89207
(C)4798
(M)M44270
CL2
CM
CM
CL2P
CM
*
CMP
.330in
8.38mm
100 ohms
2 / #20
.282in
7.16mm
100 ohms
2 / #20
(A)9818D
(B)9815
none
*
.330in
8.38mm
100 ohms
2 / #20
(O)911264
**
none
.260in
6.60 mm
100 ohms
2 / #22 flexing
250V
(E)532185
BBDN
CM
approx .50in
100 ohms
4 pairs #24
(solid)
(A)9818
(B)9855
(M)M4230
(A)9110
(B)89696
(B)89855
(A)9814C)
(B)9463
(M)M4154
(A)5902C
(B)9302
(M)M17002
*
CM
CM
none
CMP
CMP
none
CM
CL2
none
CM
CM
.315in
8.00mm
100 ohms
.274in
6.96mm
Notes:
Dielectric Ambient
Voltage
Temp
R ti
Rating
R ti
Rating
Maximum Length Cable Run,
feet/meters at baud rate
Terminating
Resistor*
–10%to+20%
10%t +20%
1/2 Watt
76.8
38.4 D
3500ft
1061m
4500ft
1364m
7500ft
2283m
2000ft
606m
3500ft
1061m
4500ft
1364m
7500ft
2283m
80C
1000ft
303m
1500ft
455m
2500ft
758m
3500ft
1061m
300v
80C
1500ft
455m
2500ft
758m
3500ft
1061m
6000ft
1818m
150v
200C
1500ft
455m
2500ft
758m
3500ft
1061m
6000ft
1818m
1500ft
455m
2500ft
758m
3500ft
1061m
6000ft
1818m
80C
1500ft
455m
2000ft
606m
3000ft
909m
4500ft
1364m
>150V
80C
1500ft
455m
2000ft
606m
3000ft
909m
4500ft
1364m
4 (two pair)
#22
150v
60C
1200ft
364m
1700ft
516m
3000ft
909m
4500ft
1364m
100 ohms
4 (two pair)
#22
150v
200C
1200ft
364m
1700ft
516m
3000ft
909m
4500ft
1364m
.243in
6.17mm
75 ohms
2 / #20
150v
60C
800ft
242m
1500ft
455m
2500ft
758m
3500ft
1061m
.244in
6.20mm
75 ohms
4 (two pair)
#22
300v
80C
200ft
60m
500ft
152m
1200ft
333m
2500ft
758m
(12.7mm)
153.6s 153.6e
A = Alpha, B = Belden, C = Consolidated, E = Essex, M = Manhattan, O = Olflex
D = Limited to 16 taps at 38.4 Kbaud
* = not known
**= Suitable for applications requiring high flexibility, continuous flex or vibration.
NEC classes are based on data obtained from manufacturers and are subject to change. CANADIAN CEC
codes are generally similar. Other countries may vary. The serial bus can be treated as a Class 2 circuit when
appropriate wiring practices are followed. Maximum available bus lengths may be affected when installation
requires the high voltage rated CM (Communications) rating. CM types can replace CL2, but not vice versa.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2-5
2
Using Other Cable Types
The cable types listed in the preceding table are recommended for use. If the cable types
listed above are not available, the cable selected must meet the following guidelines.
1.
High quality construction. Most important is uniformity of cross section along the
length of the cable. Poor quality cable may cause signal distortion, and increase the
possibility of damage during installation.
2.
Precision-twisted shielded wire of EIA RS422 standard type, having a uniform
number of twists per unit of length. In a catalog, this type of cable may also be listed
as twinaxial cable, data cable, or computer cable.
3.
Relatively high characteristic impedance; 100 to 150 ohms is best; 75 ohms is the
minimum recommended.
4.
Low capacitance between wires, typically less than 20pF/foot (60pF/meter). This
may be accomplished by inner dielectrics of foamed type, usually polypropylene or
polyethylene, having a low dielectric constant. Alternatively, the conductors may be
spaced relatively far apart. Lower impedance types have smaller cross–sections, and
provide easier wiring for shorter total transmission distances.
5.
Shield coverage of 95% or more. Solid foil with an overlapped folded seam and drain
wire is best. Braided copper is less desirable; spiral wound foil is least desirable.
6.
An outer jacket that provides appropriate protection, such as water, oil, or chemical
resistance. While PVC materials can be used in many installations, Teflon,
polyethelene, or polypropylene are usually more durable.
7.
Electrical characteristics: cable manufacturers’ information about pulse rise time and
NRZ data rate is useful for comparing cable types. The Genius bit consists of three
AC pulses; the equivalent NRZ bit rate is about three times as great.
For assistance in selecting a cable type, please consult your local GE Fanuc application engineer.
Bus Length
The maximum bus length for shielded, twisted-pair cable is 7500 feet. Some cable types
are restricted to shorter bus lengths. If the application requires greater bus length, fiber
optics cable and modems can be used. For more information, see the Genius I/O System
and Communications Manual.
Baud Rate Selection
The bus length determines which baud rate may be selected. A Genius bus can operate
at one of four baud rates: 153.6 Kbaud standard, 153.6 Kbaud extended, 76.8 Kbaud, or
38.4 Kbaud. The baud rate selected should be indicated on all devices, especially if
different busses in the facility use different baud rates. The baud rate must be configured
using a Hand-held Programmer or the system configuration software.
Note that in noisy environments, 153.6 Kbaud extended provides improved noise
immunity with little effect on bus scan time. If a system is experiencing excessive
blinking of the bus controller’s COMM OK light, or if the I/O blocks’ I/O Enabled LEDs
go off frequently, 153.6 Kbaud extended should be used.
2-6
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
2
Bus Installation
The Genius bus is connected to the terminal assembly on the front of the GCM+
module. For the GCM+ module, these terminals have the following assignments:
a45138
ENHANCED
GENIUS
COMM
OK
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
ÎÎÎÎÎÎ
COM
GENIUS
COMMUNICATIONS
MODULE
1
2
SER
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
SER
2
9
10
11
12
13
SHD
IN
14
15
16
17
18
SHD
OUT
19
20
44A729182–016R02
FOR USE WITH
IC693CMM301 / 302
Connection can be made to any of the terminals in a group. The cable is routed to and
from the terminals via the bottom of the Terminal Assembly cavity.
Using the cable type selected for the application, connect the Serial 1 terminals of
adjacent devices and the Serial 2 terminals of adjacent devices. Connect Shield In to the
Shield Out terminal of the previous device. Connect Shield Out to the Shield In terminal
of the next device. For the first device on the bus, Shield In is not connected. For the last
device on the bus, Shield Out is not connected.
FIRST
DEVICE
R
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
LAST
DEVICE
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
SERIAL
1
SERIAL
1
SERIAL
1
SERIAL
2
SERIAL
2
SERIAL
2
SHIELD
IN
SHIELD
IN
SHIELD
IN
SHIELD
OUT
SHIELD
OUT
SHIELD
OUT
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
Î
a43391
SERIAL
1
SERIAL
2
R
SHIELD
IN
SHIELD
OUT
Each terminal will accept up to one AWG #14 wire or two AWG #16 wires using ring or
lug–type connectors.
The bus shield wires are not insulated; do not permit them to touch other wires or
terminals. The use of spaghetti tubing for this purpose is recommended.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2-7
2
Serial Wire Connections
The Serial 1 and Serial 2 terminals are interconnected on the circuit board, not on the
terminal strip. Incoming and outgoing signal wire pairs can be connected to either one
or two Serial 1 or Serial 2 terminals:
Signal Wires Connected
to One Terminal
Signal Wires Connected
to Two Terminals
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
5
Serial 1
signal wires
4
jumper
5
Serial 1
signal wires
Serial 1
terminals
Serial 1
terminals
If you are connecting two signal wires to the same terminal, use spade or lug–type
connectors, or twist the exposed ends of the wires together before inserting them. This
will allow future removal of the Terminal Assembly without disrupting other devices on
the bus (see Module Removal, in this section).
If you are connecting two signal wires to separate terminals, install a jumper between
the two terminals as shown on the right above. Failure to install the jumper will cause
the entire bus to be disrupted whenever the faceplate is removed.
Terminating the Bus
The bus must be terminated at both ends by its characteristic impedance. The list of
cable types in chapter 3 includes the termination requirements for each cable type. If the
GCM+ is at the end of the bus, install a resistor of the appropriate impedance across its
Serial 1 and Serial 2 terminals as shown below.
If you need to install the terminating resistor across different terminals than those used
for the signal wires, attach jumper wires between the signal wire terminals and the
resistor terminals to prevent the bus from becoming unterminated if the Terminal
Assembly is removed. Failure to do so will cause the entire bus to be disrupted whenever
the faceplate is removed.
Signal Wires and
Resistor Connected
to Same Terminals
(preferred)
Signal Wires and
Resistor Connected
to Different
Terminals
1
jumpers
1
2
3
3
Serial 1
signal wire
4
5
resistor
Serial 1
signal wire
5
6
6
7
7
8
resistor
9
9
Serial 2
signal wire
Serial 1 and 2
terminals
2-8
t
10
10
Serial 2
signal wire
Serial 1 and 2
terminals
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
2
Wiring Guidelines
Four types of wiring may be encountered in a typical factory installation:
1.
Power wiring – the plant power distribution, and high power loads such as high horsepower motors.
2.
Control wiring – usually either low voltage DC or 120 VAC of limited energy rating.
Examples are wiring to start/stop switches, contactor coils, and machine limit switches.
This is generally the interface level of the Genius discrete I/O.
3.
Analog wiring – transducer outputs and analog control voltages.
4.
Communications and signal wiring – the communications network that ties everything
together, including computer LANs, MAP, and the Genius communications bus.
These four types of wiring should be separated as much as possible to reduce the hazards
from insulation failure, miswiring, and interaction (noise) between signals. A typical PLC
system may require some mixing of the latter three types of wiring, particularly in cramped
areas inside motor control centers and on control panels. In general, it is acceptable to mix the
Genius bus cable with the I/O wiring, as well as associated control level wiring. All noise
pickup is cumulative, depending on both the spacing between wires and the distance span
they run together. I/O wires and Genius bus cable can be placed randomly in a wiring trough
for lengths of up to 50 feet. If wiring is cord-tied (harnessed), do not include the bus cable in
the harness, since binding wires tightly together can damage some cable types.
Wiring external to equipment and in cable trays should be separated following NEC practices.
Lightning Transient Suppression
Running the bus cable outdoors or between buildings may subject it to lightning
transients beyond the 1,500 volt transient rating of the system. Installing cable
underground reduces the probability of a direct lightning strike. However, buried cables
can pick up hundreds of amperes of current when lightning contacts the ground nearby.
Therefore, it is important to protect the installation by including surge protectors on
underground data lines. The cable shields should be grounded directly. Surge
suppressors and spark gaps should be used to limit the voltage that might appear on the
signal lines. It is recommended to install two (only) silicon surge suppressors or spark
gaps to control transients of 1 to 25 Kilovolts from 100 to 1000 amps or more. These
devices should be installed close to the entrance of the bus to the outdoors.
Silicon Surge Suppressors are available many sources, including Clare/General
Instruments and Motorola, For information about this product, in the US contact Lucas
Industries Incorporated, 5500 New King Street, Troy, Michigan 48098. Spark gaps are
available from Clare. Refer to the vendor’s literature for installation details.
In extreme situations such as totally-isolated power systems, additional protection
against lightning damage should be provided by adding surge suppressors for groups of
I/O blocks. Such suppressors should be installed from incoming power leads to ground
(enclosure baseplate/block case where leads enter the enclosure).
A device specifically designed to protect the Genius bus is available from CONTROL
TECHNOLOGY, 835 Hwy 90, Hancock Square Suite 10 (P. O. Box 2908), Bay Saint Louis, MS
39520. (tel 601 466– 4550, fax 601 466– 4553). Contact them for application information. The
devide must be used in combination with power line suppression to fully protect the
system.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2-9
2
Installing a Hand-held Monitor Connector
The GCM+ does not have a built-in connector for a Genius Hand-held Monitor.
However, a Hand-held Monitor connector can be added directly to the serial bus at any
location.
The unit shown below (catalog number 44A736310-001-R001) provides a Hand-held
Monitor connector and serial bus terminals in a single convenient package.
.5 in
1.27 cm
1.673 in
4.249cm
46357
Hand-held Monitor
Connector
Panel Mounting Ear
2.834 in
7.198 cm
X1 X2
X1
SA SB
X2
SA SB
shown at 100% of actual size
Serial Bus Terminals
X1
Serial 1
X2
Serial 2
SA Shield In
SB Shield Out
Mounting the HHM Connector
This unit can be easily mounted on a rail such as a standard 35mm or 15mm DIN rail.
The panel-mounting ears are not used if the unit is installed on a DIN rail.
46358
35mm DIN rail
(Removable) DIN rail
Mounting Feet
side view: shown at 50% of actual size
Alternatively, it can be installed directly on a panel using screws through its mounting
ears. The DIN rail feet on the back of the unit are removed when the unit is
panel-mounted.
2-10
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
2
Making the Bus Connections
The Hand-held Monitor connector has two sets of terminals; one for incoming cable and
the other for outgoing cable.
Connect the Serial 1, Serial 2, and Shield In terminal of either connector to the previous
device. Connect the Serial 1, Serial 2, and Shield In terminal of the other connector to the
next device.
The following illustration shows connections for incoming and outgoing serial bus cable.
As with other devices, the HHM connector can be at either end of its bus. If it is, there
will only be one bus cable attached.
Bus In
Bus Out
X1
X2
X1
SA
X2
SB
SA
SB
X1
X2
SA
SB
Serial 1
Serial 2
Shield In
Shield Out
As with other devices, if the Hand-held Monitor Connector is at either end of its bus,
install an appropriate terminating resistor across the Serial 1 and Serial 2 terminals.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2-11
2
Installing the Hand-held Monitor D-Shell Connector on the Bus
You have the option of installing the D-shell connector that is supplied with the
Hand-held Monitor.
1.
Using the mounting plate as a template, cut an opening in the panel for the mating
connector. Also drill two holes for the mounting hardware.
2.
Attach the mounting plate and mating connector to the panel using the mounting
hardware supplied.
3.
Secure the two ends* of the serial bus cable to the back of the panel using strain
relief brackets.
4.
Strip the ends of the wires. Twist the two Serial 1 wires together and attach them to
pin 5 of the connector. Twist the Serial 2 wires together and attach them to pin 9.
Similarly, attach the Shield wire(s)* to pin 4.
The following illustration shows connections for incoming and outgoing serial bus
cable. As with other devices, the HHM connector may be at either end of its bus. If it
is, there will only be one bus cable attached.
Bus
Cable
Strain
Reliefs
Bus
Cable
Î
Mounting
Hardware
Mating
Connector
Mounting
Plate
Shield
(Pin 4)
SER 2
(Pin 9)
SER 1
(Pin 5)
a42240c
ÎÎ
ÎÎ
Hand-held
Monitor
Connector
ÎÎ
Crimp
(Qty. 3)
Î
Î
Î
Î
ÎÎÎ
Î
Î
Mounting Surface
(rear view)
When making bus connections, the maximum exposed length of bare wires should
be two inches. For added protection, each shield drain wire should be insulated with
spaghetti tubing to prevent the Shield In and Shield Out wires from touching each
other.
If the Hand-held Monitor connector is at either end of its bus, it is necessary to install an
appropriate terminating resistor across the Serial 1 and Serial 2 wires.
2-12
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Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
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GFK-0695A
Chapter
3
Operation & Timing
section level 1
figure bi level 1
table_big level 1
3
This chapter explains:
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
How the GCM+ sends and receives global data.
What happens to global data if some communications stop.
Application programming needed for global data.
The relationship between the bus scan and the CPU sweep.
How other devices handle global data received from the GCM+.
How to estimate bus scan time.
How to estimate data response time.
How to avoid unnecessarily slowing down both the CPU sweep time and the scan
time of the Genius bus.
How the GCM+ Handles Global Data
The GCM+ can send global data to all the other global Genius devices on the bus. It can
also automatically pass to the CPU any global data that has been sent by any other
devices on the same bus.
Global data can be sent from and received into the following memories in the Series
90–30 PLC: %G, %I, %Q, %AI, %AQ, and %R. Status data uses %I memory.
GFK-0695A
3-1
3
GCM+ Receives Global Data
The GCM + passes to the CPU global data from all devices for which a length has been
configured.
In the following example, two devices (at Bus Addresses 18 and 22) send global
data on the bus. Each module broadcasts its global data while it has the bus
token. The global data is received by a GCM+ module in a Series 90–30 PLC
(#20 in the diagram).
Series 90–30
Memory
GCM+
%G, %I,
%Q, %AI,
%AQ, %R
SBA #20
data
a Global
from SBA #22
SBA #18
a
SBA #22
Global data
from SBA #22
The GCM+ module stores the global data it receives. When the Series 90–30 CPU
executes the input update portion of its sweep, it reads both global data and status bits
(see below) from the GCM+.
In this example, the PLC CPU copies global data from the GCM+ into the
memory locations configured for the devices at Bus Addresses 18 and 22.
Series 90–30
Memory
%G, %I,
%Q, %AI,
%AQ, %R
a
a
GCM+
SBA #20
SBA #18
SBA #22
What Happens If Incoming Global Data Stops
As part of the GCM+ configuration a data default selection (OFF or Hold Last State)
must be configured. If the GCM+ stops receiving global data from any device(s) for
which a global data length has been configured, the GCM+ sets the corresponding
memory locations to the selected default. If the default is OFF, the GCM+ supplies 0s for
the missing data. If the default is Hold, the GCM+ continues to supply the last set of
valid data it received.
Status Bits
The GCM+ maintains a status bit for every potential bus device. Those bits are set to 1
for every device that sends global data. If the GCM+ does not receive, or stops receiving,
communications from any device, its bit is set to 0. In addition, it defaults the data as
described above. The configuration supplied to the GCM+ must provide a location in %I
in which to place the 32 status bits. The status bits are updated every PLC sweep.
3-2
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GFK-0695A
3
GCM+ Sends Global Data
If there is an application program running in the 90–30, it executes before the PLC CPU
updates outputs. During the output portion of the sweep. if the GCM+ is configured to
send global data, the PLC CPU also writes the content of the selected memory location
to the GCM+.
Continuing the same example, the CPU sends new global data to its GCM+
from the memory location configured for Bus Address 20.
Series 90–30
Memory
%G, %I,
%Q, %AI,
%AQ, %R
'
GCM+
SBA #20
SBA #18
SBA #22
The GCM+ module stores this data until it receives the bus token. At that time, it
broadcasts the global data to all the other devices on the bus.
In the example system, both Bus Addresses 18 and 22 will receive the global data
sent from Bus Address 20:
Series 90–30
Memory
%G, %I,
%Q, %AI,
%AQ, %R
'
GCM+
SBA #20
SBA #18
Global data
from SBA #20
SBA #22
'
What Happens If the CPU Stops Supplying Global Data
As mentioned above, a data default of OFF or Hold Last State must be selected. If the
GCM+ stops being scanned by the Series 90–30 PLC CPU, it defaults its outgoing global
data. If the default is OFF, it sends all 0s. If the default is Hold, it continues to send the
last set of valid data it received from the CPU.
Global Data Without an Application Program
The Series 90–30 can transmit and receive global data with or without running an
application program. Configuring I/O modules in the Series 90–30 to have the same
reference addresses used for global data allows the I/O modules to effectively exchange
I/O data with another device on the bus. Thus, where it is desired to set up the Series
90–30 PLC without a program, incoming data to the GCM+ will be mapped to %Q and
%AQ (where output modules are also mapped) and outgoing global data will be
mapped to %I or %AI (where input modules are also mapped).
GFK-0695A
Chapter 3 Operation & Timing
3-3
3
How Other Devices Handle GCM+ Global Data
Global data sent by a GCM+ can be received by any other GCM+, bus controller, PCIM,
QBIM, or GCM on the bus. All of the devices will receive the same global data message
from the GCM+. How each type of device handles the message is summarized below.
3-4
Series 90–30
PLC GCM+
Module or
Bus Controller
A GCM+ or bus controller in another Series 90–30 PLC places the data
in the memory location specified when that GCM+ or bus controller is
configured. If the GCM+ or bus controller does not need all of the data,
a message offset and length can be specified.
Series 90–30
PLC GCM
Module
The Series 90–30 Genius Communications Module (GCM) uses specific
%G memory locations for global data. It places incoming global data in
the %G memory location corresponding to Device Number (16–23) of
the device that sent the data. The GCM will not receive global data sent
from SBAs 0 to 15 or 24 to 31.
Series 90–70
PLC
The Series 90–70 PLC places incoming global data into the memory
location selected during configuration of its bus controller.
Series Six
PLC
If a Series Six Reference is specified during GCM+ configuration, any
Series Six and/or Series Five PLC on the bus will automatically receive all
global data from the GCM+ and place it in that register location.
Series Five
PLC
See Series Six PLC.
Computer
Data from the GCM+ is placed into the PCIM or QBIM Input Table
Segment corresponding to the Bus Address of the GCM+. The
computer ’s application program is responsible for transferring global
data between the CPU and the PCIM or QBIM.
I/O Blocks
I/O blocks (controlled by another host) can be present on the bus, but
they cannot receive global data.
Series 90 t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
3
Timing Considerations
Communications on the Genius bus occur by a method called “token passing”. The
devices on the bus pass an implicit token, which rotates among the devices in sequence
from bus address 0 to bus address 31. Unused bus addresses (SBAs) are passed with
very slight delays. This sequence is called a bus scan. After device 31 has had its turn,
the scan restarts at device 0.
a43393
TOKEN PATH
DEVICES
ON THE
BUS
0
16
23
31
Each device on the bus can listen to messages at all times (not just when it has the
token). A GCM+ module listens to all broadcast messages. These are messages that are
sent to all devices on the bus. Global data is a type of broadcast message.
While each device holds the token, it can send messages. To end its turn, the
transmitting device sends one specific broadcast message which acts as a sign–off
message, and the token passes to the next device.
Bus Scan Time and CPU Sweep Time
Global Data adds to both the CPU sweep time in the Series 90–30 and to the scan time
of the Genius bus. You can estimate the CPU sweep time and bus scan time added by
global data, and the time it can take for a Series 90–30 PLC to send global data and then
receive a response based on that data.
If CPU sweep time is slower than bus scan time, it is possible that some incoming global
data might change before it is picked up by the CPU. It is important to be sure that the
data will not be sent so briefly that it will be missed.
If program execution time is faster than bus scan time, the CPU may process the same
data repeatedly. Also, if output data changes too quickly, some outputs may change
before they are sent out on the Genius bus.
The Series 90-30 PLC Installation Manual (GFK-0356) explains how you can estimate bus
scan time.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 3 Operation & Timing
3-5
3
Bus Scan Time for Global Data
The minimum amount of time required for the token to make a complete bus rotation is
3mS. This minimum time limit is imposed by the GCM+ and other types of bus
interface modules. The maximum possible bus scan time is 400mS, but this will never be
reached under normal circumstances.
The presence of other PLCs, a host computer, I/O blocks, or datagrams on the bus adds
to the bus scan time (although the time required for each individual message
transmission remains the same). Using one of the slower baud rates also increases bus
scan time. The scan time increase from 153.6 Kbaud standard to 153.6 Kbaud extended is
slight. But scan time is about twice as long at 76.8 Kbaud and four times as long at 38.4
Kbaud.
Estimating Bus Scan Time
If you want to estimate bus scan time, follow the instructions below for GCM+ modules.
If the bus also has other types of controllers or Genius I/O blocks, you will need
additional information from the Genius I/O System User’s Manual.
1.
First, add up the time needed to service all 32 possible bus addresses (including
unused bus addresses), at the bus baud rate. See the table below.
Contribution time in mS at each baud rate
Device Type
153.6 Kb std
153.6 Kb ext
76.8 Kb
38.4 Kb
GCM+
0.586
0.658
1.324
2.655
Unused Bus Address
0.026
0.052
0.104
0.208
2.
Next, find the total amount of global data transmitted each bus scan. For example,
if two GCM+ modules each send a 24–byte global data message and there is no
other global data on the bus, the total is 48 bytes.
3.
Multiply the total amount of global data by the transmission rate:
0.0715ms per byte for 153.6 Kbaud (either standard or extended)
0.143ms per byte for 76.8 Kbaud
0.286ms per byte for 38.4 Kbaud
Example
A bus has eight GCM+ modules and no other devices. Each GCM+ sends 24 bytes of
global data. The baud rate 153.6 Kbaud standard.
8 GCM+ modules (8 x 0.586)
24 unused Device Numbers (24 x 0.026)
8 global data messages, 24 bytes each ((8 x 24) x 0.0715)
Total bus scan time =
4.688ms
0.624ms
13.728mS
19.040mS
Reducing Bus Scan Time
Bus scan time can be shortened by reducing the number of devices on the bus, reducing
the amount of global data transmitted, or both.
3-6
Series 90 t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
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GFK-0695A
3
Estimating Data Response Time
If you want to find out approximately how long it will take for one module to send
global data to another and to receive a response based upon that data, add together the
maximum times that may be required for each portion of the input to output cycle.
Tmsg
CPU1
Program
Execution
GCM+
A
GCM+
A
Data
In
"
Data
Out
BUS
"
Data
Out
Tmsg
Tcpu
2–1
Data
In
CPU2
A
"
Program
Execution
1–2
1
Tcpu
2
The equation to use when calculating response time is:
2(Tcpu 1 ) + (Tmsg
2– 1
+ Tmsg
1– 2)
+ 2(Tcpu 2 ) = response time
Bus Scan Time (Tmsg)
Whenever a GCM+ gets its turn on the bus, it obtains the latest global data from the
Series 90–30 PLC CPU, then transmits that data on the bus. An application program
normally will process the incoming global data before preparing a response. In the worst
case, this will result in the response being sent on a separate Genius bus scan. Thus, from
CPU1 to CPU2 there is a delay of Tmsg1– 2 and from CPU2 to CPU1 there is a delay of
Tmsg2– 1. Calculate Tmsg for a GCM+ by going through steps 1, 2, and 3 on the
previous page. Don’t include unused bus addresses.
CPU Time (Tbus) for Each CPU
A GCM+ module stores incoming global data where it can be accessed by the
application program currently executing in the CPU. If the CPU services the module
shortly after it receives new global data, the data is read into CPU memory quickly.
However, if the GCM+ module has just been serviced by the CPU, the global data won‘t
be read until the next sweep. The worst–case delay is therefore Tcpu.
If the application program will send global data in response to global data it has
received, one additional CPU sweep is needed for the application program to process
the data and update the GCM+. Again, this represents a delay of Tcpu, Total delay time
within each CPU is 2Tcpu.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 3 Operation & Timing
3-7
Chapter
4
Configuration
section level 1
figure bi level 1
table_big level 1
4
This chapter describes:
H
H
Configuration parameters of the GCM+
Configuration steps for the GCM+ using a Series 90-30 Hand-held Programmer
The GCM+ must be physically present to be configured by a Hand-held Programmer
(HHP). It does not have to be present if it will be configured using the system
configuration software. The HHP may be used to enter, change, or remove a GCM+
configuration. The HHP will work whether the Series 90-30 was previously configured
with the system configuration software to include a GCM+ or not. Note that a Genius
Hand-held Monitor cannot be used to configure a GCM+.
Initial Configuration
An unconfigured GCM+ may be installed in a Series 90-30 PLC and connected to the
Genius bus. Until such time as it is configured, it will not communicate on the Genius
bus and will not exchange any data with its host CPU. To configure the GCM+, the CPU
must be in Stop mode.
Global Data Transmissions during Reconfiguration
Configuration data is stored by the PLC. Once defined, the configuration cannot be
altered without stopping the PLC. Note that placing the PLC in Stop mode for
reconfiguration does not stop the GCM+ from sending global data. The content of the data
depends on the modules’s configured data default. If its data default is OFF, the GCM+
sends all 0s each bus scan. If its data default is Hold Last State, the GCM+ sends a copy of
the last valid set of data it received from the CPU.
You can prevent the GCM+ sending default data during reconfiguration by temporarily
removing it from the bus. The bus wiring must have been installed as described in chapter 2
so that the bus is not “broken” by removal from the GCM+ . The recommended
configuration sequence is:
disconnect the bus
b
b
change the configuration
b
return to Run mode
b
place the PLC in Stop mode
reconnect the bus
After you finish reconfiguration and return to Run mode, the GCM+ starts sending new
global data as soon as it is supplied by the PLC CPU.
GFK-0695A
4-1
4
Starting Hand-held Programmer Configuration
For Hand-held Programmer configuration, the PLC must be in Stop mode. If necessary,
press the RUN key on the Hand-held Programmer to change the PLC mode to Stop.
PRESS<–/+KEY <R
The < R in the upper right corner of the screen indicates that the PLC is in Run mode.
Press the –/+ key.
Press the –/+
RUN MODE
<R
STOP MODE
<R
key again
Press the ENT key. The screen shows:
1. PROGRAM
2. DATA
<S
The < S in the upper right corner of the screen indicates that the PLC is in Stop mode.
Select module configuration by pressing the 4 key, then the ENT (enter) key.
Select the GCM+
From the Program/Data screen, select module configuration by pressing the 4 key, then
the ENT (enter) key.
Press the Down Arrow key to reach the configuration screen for the rack and slot
location of the GCM+. If the GCM+ is already configured, it appears in the slot location.
R0:05 GC+
<S
I32:I0033–I0064
The top line indicates the baseplate (RO) and slot (:05) selected. GC+ stands for Enhanced
Genius Communications Module. The bottom line shows the addresses in %I memory that
are assigned to the status bits. If you press the Right Arrow key, this screen appears:
R0:05 GC+
SBA: 16
<S
Line 2 of the screen shows module’s Bus Address (SBA).
If the GCM+ was not previously configured, but is present in the rack and slot, it does
not appear at first. The HHP indicates that the slot is “empty”.
R0:05 EMPTY
<S
Press the READ/VERIFY key, then the ENT key.
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4
HHP Error Messages
The Hand-held Programmer will display a message if you make an error during
configuration, or if the GCM+ is not present or not communicating with the host PLC.
REF ER
May indicate either of the following:
A. The reference address assigned to that SBA exceeds the
reference limit for the PLC model.
B. The SBA message offset plus the length of the reference
assigned to the SBA exceed 128 bytes.
REF ADJ
May indicate either of the following:
A. References have been adjusted (rounded) down to a byte
boundary.
B. For discrete references, the reference length for the SBA has
been rounded up to a byte boundary.
GCM ERR
May indicate either of the following:
A. Too many GCM+ modules have been configured (the limit is 3).
B. You have tried to configure a GCM+ module and a GCM
module in the same PLC. The GCM+ cannot be installed in
the same PLC as a GCM module.
GFK-0695A
IOM ERR
The GCM+ module is not available.
I/O ERR
You have assigned reference addresses that overlap references
already assigned.
DAT ERR
A parameter (such as the Series Six reference address) is out of
bounds.
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-3
4
Configurable Features of the GCM+
Configuration supplies the following setup information for a GCM+:
Parameter
Default
Choices
Comments
Slot number
of the GCM+
none
Any Series 90-30 rack slot
SBA
16
0 – 31
Bus Address
Drop ID
33
16 – 254.
Optional. Used with the Report
Faults feature.
Baud Rate
153.6 Kb st.
153.6 Kb standard or extended,
76.8 KB, or 38.4 Kb.
All devices on the bus must use
the same baud rate.
Data Default
Off
Off or Hold Last State
Determines data content if communications are lost.
Report Faults
No
Yes or No
Optional. Used to send Fault
Reports to a Series 90-70 PLC.
S6 Reference
0
1–16,383
Optional. For sending global
data to a Series Six or Series
Five PLC.
Any available %I reference in
host.
Requires 32–bit memory space.
Status
%I0001
Starting Reference
see text.
Any available %I, %Q, %G, %AI,
%AQ, or %R reference in host.
One table memory type per
message.
Reference
Length
0
0 – 64 words or 0 to 1024 bits in
selected host memory.
A length must be specified to
exchange global data.
Message Buffer Byte Offset
0
0 – 128 bytes.
Optional. Used to skip the start
of an incoming global data message. The configured offset
plus length should not exceed
the end of the message.
Status
This is the beginning address of a 32–bit status area in the %I memory of the Series
90-30 PLC where the GCM+ can locate status information.
Hand-held Programmer Configuration
R0:05 GC+
I32:I _
<S
Enter the beginning reference in %I memory for the GCM+ module’s 32 status bits. It is
not necessary to enter leading zeros. After entering the number, press the Enter key. The
HHP displays the range of selected status bit addresses. For example:
R0:05 GC+
<S
I32:I0001–I0032
Press the Right Arrow key to go to the next configuration screen.
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GFK-0695A
4
Bus Address (Device Number)
Each Genius communications bus can serve up to 32 devices, which are identified by a
Bus Address (sometimes called a Device Number) from 0 to 31. By convention, certain
numbers are associated with specific types of devices. For example, Bus Address 0 is
normally used for a Genius Hand-held Monitor. The Series 90-70 PLC and the Series Six
PLC use Bus Addresses 30 and 31 for Bus Controllers in a backup (redundancy) type of
system. The Series 90-30 Genius Communications Module, an earlier version of the
GCM+, uses Bus Addresses 16 through 23 for global data.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
If the Bus Address shown is not correct for this GCM+, enter the new number from the
keypad. Press the ENT key to display the new Bus Address. For example:
R0:05 GC+
<S
BUS ADDR: 17
To continue configuring the same module, press the Right Arrow key.
Baud Rate
All devices on a bus must be configured to use the same baud rate: 153.6 Kbaud
standard, 153.6 Kbaud extended, 76.8 Kbaud, or 38.4 Kbaud. The module is set to operate
at 153.6 Kbaud standard when shipped from the factory.
Baud rate must be selected on the basis of cable type (see the table in chapter 2) and the
following considerations.
1.
If the cable length is less than 2000 feet, either 153.6 Kbaud standard or 153.6 Kbaud
extended can be used. The use of 153.6 Kbaud extended is recommended, especially
if the system will include a dual bus with Bus Switching Modules.
2.
If cable length is between 2000 and 3500 feet, select 153.6 Kbaud extended.
3.
If the cable length is between 3500 and 4500 feet, select 76.8 Kbaud.
4.
If the cable length is between 4500 and 7500 feet, you must select 38.4 Kbaud. This
data rate only supports a maximum of 16 device on the bus.
5.
If there are any older Genius products on the bus (catalog numbers IC660CBDnnn,
IC660CBSnnn, IC660CBAnnn, IC660HHM500, or IC660CBB900/901), the bus must
be set up to use 153.6 Kbaud standard.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
Pressing the right arrow key once from the Bus Address screen shows the
currently–configured baud rate. For example:
R0:05 GC+
<S
BAUD:153.6KSt
If the baud rate shown is not correct, press the +/– key to change it. When the correct
baud rate appears, press the Enter key then the Right Arrow key to display the next
configurable feature of the module.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-5
4
Series Six Reference
This entry can be used to specify a beginning register to be used by a Series Six or Series
Five PLC for global data received from the GCM+.
All Series Six and Series Five PLCs on the bus will use this reference. The range of
registers available for global data use is 1 to 16,383. A Series Six or Series Five PLC will
figure out the length automatically and will require this amount of register space for
global data.
If a previously–configured Series Six or Series Five PLC should no longer receive global
data from a GCM+, this should be set to 0.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
If there is a Series Six or Series Five PLC on the bus that should receive global data from
the GCM+, enter a register number here.
If a previously–configured Series Six or Series Five PLC should no longer receive global
data from a GCM+, enter 0.
R0:05 GC+
S6 REF:
<S
Data Default
This parameter determines how the GCM+ will respond if it loses communications.
Data will either HOLD its last state, or be set to 0 (OFF). If the GCM+ stops being
scanned by the PLC CPU, it applies the data default as outputs. If the GCM+ stops
receiving data from one or more devices on the bus, it applies the data default for the
missing devices as inputs being passed back to the CPU. The same type of default (last
state or zero) is used for both outgoing and incoming data.
If data should hold its last state when communications are lost, select HOLD. If data
should be set to 0, select OFF.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
R0:05 GC+
DATA DEF:OFF
<S
Press the –/+ key to select OFF or HOLD, then press the ENT key.
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4
Report Faults
The GCM+ can send fault reports that can be read by any Series 90-70 PLC on the same
bus (the Bus Controller in the Series 90-70 PLC must be rev. 4.0 or later).
If Fault Reports is set to YES, a Drop ID (see below) must be assigned to the Series 90-30
PLC where the GCM+ is located.
If the GCM+ will send fault reports, set Report Faults to YES.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
R0:05 GC+
<S
REPORT FLTS:NO
Use the –/+ key toggles between YES and NO. Press Entr. Press the Right Arrow key to
go to the next item.
Drop ID
A Drop ID must be assigned if a Series 90-70 PLC on the bus will monitor fault report
diagnostic messages sent by the GCM+.
The Drop ID (a number from 16 to 254) is used to identify the Series 90-30 PLC where
the fault has occurred. This number must not duplicate one used by another PLC that
sends Fault Reports, or a Remote I/O Scanner, or a device in the 90-70 system that uses
SNP communications.
If two GCM+ modules in the same PLC will both send fault reports, configure the same
Drop ID for both.
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
If there is a Series 90-70 PLC that should receive fault reports from the GCM+, enter a
Drop ID for the Series 90-30 PLC where the GCM+ module is located.
R0:05 GC+
DROP ID: 33
<S
Press Entr. Press the Right Arrow key to go to the next item.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-7
4
Global Data References, Lengths, & Offsets
For any device on the bus (including the GCM+ being configured) which corresponds to
a bus address that will send global data, a starting reference and length must be
configured. An offset can also be specified.
Starting Reference
The starting reference is the address in the Series 90-30 PLC’s %G, %I, %Q, %AI, %AQ,
or %R memory when the Global Data will be sent from (for outgoing Global data) or
stored (for incoming Global Data).
Length and Offset
For %G, %I, or %Q memory, the length must be specified in bits (points). The number
must be a multiple of 8. For the other memories, the length is in registers (2–byte
words). The length for any bus address that does not send global data should be 0.
For incoming Global Data, you should know the length of the transmission from the
external Bus Address. If you want the PLC CPU to receive the entire message, enter this
number for the length. Enter a shorter length to receive only part of the data.
If you want to skip data at the start of the message, you can enter an offset in bytes.
Using the length and offset, you can specify any “slice” of the message to be passed to
the PLC CPU.
Global Data Message
offset
start
length
portion sent to the host 90-30
The combined length and offset must not exceed the total length of the global data
message. If they do, the PLC will receive data (always 0) beyond the end of the global
data message.
Configuration Software Defaults
The system configuration software provides each bus address with a default starting
reference address and length. These defaults, which are listed below, are entirely
optional and may be overridden.
SBA
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
0
1
2
4-8
t
Default
Default
Default
Starting Length SBA Starting Length SBA Starting Length
Reference (F9)
Reference (F9)
Reference (F9)
%G0257
%G0385
%G0513
%G0641
%G0769
%G0897
%G1025
%G1153
%AI057
%AI059
%AI061
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
128
0
0
0
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
%AI063
%AQ057
%AQ059
%AQ061
%AQ063
%I0385
%I0417
%I0449
%I0481
%Q0385
%Q0417
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
%Q0449
%Q0481
%G0001
%G0033
%G0065
%G0097
%G0129
%G0161
%G0193
%G0225
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
0
0
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
GFK-0695A
4
Hand-Held Programmer Configuration
Configuration is the same for sending or receiving global data.
There are two screens for every bus address from 0 to 31. Press the Right Arrow key to
advance from screen to screen. If you want to go back, use the Left Arrow key. On the
screen that represents the bus address of the GCM+ itself, you will see an asterisk (*) in
front of the SBA number. The first of these configuration screens is for bus address 0.
R0:05 GC+ SB00<S
IGNORE DEVICE
If you want to skip (“ignore”) any bus address, press the Right Arrow key.
If the GCM+ will receive global data from the device whose bus address is shown in the
upper right corner of the screen, or if the GCM+ module’s own bus address is being
displayed, enter the memory type (I, Q, G, AI, AQ, or R) where the data will be located
in the Series 90-30 PLC. Press the ENT key. Example:
R0:05 GC+ SB04>S
I _
I
Press the AI key once. Enter the number of bits or registers of the global data to be
written or read. For %G, %I, or %Q memory, the number must be a multiple of 8. If it
isn’t, the HHP will automatically adjust it. Press ENT.
R0:05 GC+ SB04>S
I0040:I_
Enter the beginning reference for the data and press ENT. The HHP displays references
that correspond to the starting reference and length you have entered. For example, for
a starting reference of 33 and length of 40, the HHP would show:
R0:05 GC+ SB04>S
I0040:I0033–0072
Press the Right Arrow key to display the second configuration screen for the same bus
address. For example:
R0:05 GC+ SB04>S
MSG OFFS:
0
If the current configuration screen is for the GCM+ module itself, skip to the next bus
address, or exit if you have finished configuring devices.
If the configuration is for a device that will send data to the GCM+, and if the GCM+
should read only part of a global data message, but not the beginning, enter an offset,
then press the Enter key. The offset is the amount, in bytes, to be skipped at the start of
the message.
Use the Right Arrow key to continue configuring global data parameters. Skip the bus
addresses that don’t correspond to global data devices. It isn’t necessary to go through
all 32 bus devices; when you finish configuring devices, you can exit.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-9
4
Configuration Example 1
GCM+ modules in two Series 90-30 PLCs exchange global data with each other. One of
them also exchanges global data with another Series 90-30 PLC that has an older Genius
Communications (GCM) Module (IC693CMM301) instead of a GCM+. If there is a GCM
on the bus, the following restrictions exist:
1.
Any device that communicates with a GCM must use an SBA from 16 to 23.
2.
Any device that communicates with a GCM is constrained to send an amount of
data the GCM can handle. GCM modules can send and/or receive up to a total of 32
bytes (256 bits) of global data.
3.
As a result, devices that send large amounts of global data should not communicate
with a GCM and so should not use an SBA from 16 to 23 when on a bus which
contains a GCM.
In this example:
H
The GCM+ that does not exchange global data with the GCM uses SBA #1. Every bus
scan, this GCM+ sends 48 bytes of global data from %R memory. The data is received
by the GCM+ at SBA #20, which is configured to place the data into %R memory. The
GCM module in the third PLC is not capable of receiving the data from SBA #1.
GCM+
GCM+
SBA #1
SBA #20
"
H
GCM
SBA #16
Y
48 bytes
The second GCM+ sends 16 bytes of global data from %G memory. To allow its data
to be received by the GCM module, the second GCM+ is assigned SBA #20. The
GCM+ module at SBA #1 places the data into %I memory. The GCM module uses
%G memory for all global data.
GCM+
SBA #1
Y
GCM+
SBA #20
GCM
SBA #16
Y
B
16 bytes
H
The GCM module, which uses SBA #16, sends 16 bytes of global data from %G
memory. Both of the GCM+ modules receive the data and place it in %I memory.
GCM+
SBA #1
Y
GCM+
SBA #20
Y
16 bytes
4-10
GCM
SBA #16
A
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
GFK-0695A
4
Configuration
Summary for
this Example
Configuration for
GCM+ #1
Device
GCM+
GCM+
90-30 GCM
SBA
1
20
16
Transmit:
Refs/Bytes
%R0001/48
%G0001/16
%G001/16
Received from
#1: Refs/Bytes
none
%R0001/48
none
Received from
#16: Refs/Bytes
%I0001/16
%I0001/16
none
1.
Configure the first GCM+ at SBA #1.
2.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
3.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
Received from
#20:R efs/Bytes
%I00017/16
none
%G129/16
A. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #1, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%R0001
24 registers (=48 bytes)
0
B. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from GCM+ #20:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0001
128 bits (==16 bytes)
0
C. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from the GCM at SBA #16:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0017
128 bits (16 bytes)
0
D. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
GCM+ #20
don’t care
0 (required)
0
1.
Configure the second GCM+ at SBA #20.
2.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
3.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
A. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #20, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%G0001
128 bits (=16 bytes)
0
B. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from GCM+ #1:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%R0001
24 registers (=48 bytes)
0
C. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from the GCM at SBA #16:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0017
128 bits (=8 x 16 bytes)
0
D. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
GCM #16
GFK-0695A
don’t care
0 (required)
0
Please see the Genius Communications Module User’s Manual (GFK–0412) if you need
more information about how the GCM is configured, and how it handles global data.
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-11
4
Configuration Example 2
There are two Series 90-30 PLCs with GCM+ modules on a bus with a Series 90-70 PLC
and a host computer.
SBA #31
H
H
SBA #1
SBA #29
SBA #2
Both Series 90-30 PLCs send 50 bytes of global data.
Each Series 90-30 PLC listens to 10 bytes of the other’s global data and places the
data into its own %G memory.
SBA #1
y
SBA #2
global data
First 10 bytes
H
The Series 90-70 PLC receives all Global Data from both Series 90-30s. Both sets of
incoming global data are placed into %I memory.
SBA #1
SBA #31
a
H
50 bytes
SBA #2
a
50 bytes
global data
The Series 90-70 PLC broadcasts 100 bytes of global data each bus scan. The first 60
bytes is for one Series 90-30 PLC and the last 40 bytes is for the other.
SBA #31
global data
H
global data
offset = 0 bytes
4-12
40 bytes
Each Series 90-30 PLC reads only the intended portion of the data sent by the 90-70,
and discards the rest by using the offset and length parameters.
SBA #1
H
60 bytes
y
60 bytes
SBA #2
SBA #1
SBA #2
global data
offset = 60 bytes
y
40 bytes
The computer acts as a monitor, and reads all global data from the Series 90-30 and
Series 90-70 PLCs, and transmits no global data itself.
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
4
Configuration
Summary for
this Example
Configuration for
GCM+ #1
Device
GCM+
GCM+
90-70 GBC
PCIM
1.
2.
3.
SBA
1
2
31
29
Transmit:
Refs/Bytes
%I0001/50
%I0001/50
%Q0001/100
none
Received from
#1: Refs/Bytes
none
%G0001/10
%I1001/50
all
Received from
#2: Refs/Bytes
%G0001/10
none
%I2001/50
all
Received from
#31:R efs/Bytes
%Q0001/60
%Q0001/40
none
all
Configure the first GCM+ at SBA #1.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
A. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #1, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0001
400 bits (=50 bytes)
0
B. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from GCM+ #2:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%G0001
80 bits (=10 bytes)
0 (the first 10 bytes will be received)
C. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from the Series 90-70 PLC’s Bus
Controller, at SBA #31:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%Q0001
480 bits (=60 bytes)
0 (the first 60 bytes will be received)
D. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
GCM+ #2
1.
2.
3.
don’t care
0 (required)
0
Configure the second GCM+ at SBA #2.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
A. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from GCM+ #1:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%G0001
80 bits (=10 bytes)
0 (the first 10 bytes will be received)
B. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #2, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0001
400 bits (=50 bytes)
0
C. Enter the global data reference, length, and offset for the data to be received
from the Series 90-70 PLC’s Bus Controller, at SBA #31:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%Q0001
320 bits (=40 bytes)
60 (the first 60 bytes will be skipped)
D. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
the Other Devices
GFK-0695A
don’t care
0 (required)
0
The PCIM at SBA #29 is set up to handle the three global data messages via its
application program. The Series 90-70 PLC at SBA #31 configures GCM+ modules at
SBAs #1 and #2, and expects each to send 50 bytes, which it places in 90-70 memory at
%I1001–%I1401 and %I2001–%I2401 respectively.
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-13
4
Configuration Example 3
In this example, there are four Series 90-30 PLCs. Each one sends global data from %Q
memory. Each of the other Series 90-30s reads 8 bytes of the global data and places it into
%I memory.
SBA #1
SBA #2
"
SBA #3
Y
8 bytes
SBA #4
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
This illustration represents the global data transmission for one Series 90-30 PLC. In the
same bus scan, the three other PLCS also send global data the same way.
In this system:
H
H
A GCM+ is installed in each Series 90-30 PLC. The GCM+ modules are configured
to use Bus Addresses (SBAs) 1 through 4.
In each Series 90-30 PLC, the first 32 bytes (256 bits) of %I and %Q memory is set
aside for global data. The 32 bytes are divided into 4 segments of 8 bytes each; the
segments are organized in ascending order of SBAs.
%Q Memory
%I Memory
SBA #1
SBA #1
SBA #2
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #3
SBA #4
SBA #4
Thus, each PLC has a segment of its %Q memory set up to convey data to another
specific PLC, and a corresponding segment set up in I% to receive data. There is an
unused segment in each table, which corresponds to the SBA of that GCM+.
"
"
SBA #2
SBA #4
to SBA #1
to SBA #1
to SBA #2
to SBA #3
to SBA #4
to SBA #3
to SBA #4
to SBA #3
(%Q)
(%Q)
(%Q)
SBA #1
to SBA #2
4-14
"
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
SBA #3
from SBA #1
from SBA #2
from SBA #4
(%I)
GFK-0695A
4
Configuration
Summary for
this Example
Configuration for each of the four GCM+ modules in the example system is listed below,
along with a representation of what happens when that GCM+ sends global data. Each
GCM+ is set up to transmit 32 bytes of %Q data (8 bytes for each other GCM+ and 8
“unused” bytes). Each GCM+ is also configured to receive 8 bytes from each of the other
GCM+ modules. Each GCM+ uses the same Message Byte Offset for each global data
message it receives. The offset corresponds to its place in the SBA sequence. Other
configuration for each GCM+ includes setting status to %I1025.
SBA #1 Sends Global Data
SBA #1
%I
%Q
SBA #2
%I
%Q
Configuration For SBA #1
SBA #3
%I
%Q
SBA #4
%I %Q
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
8
8
offset 0
8
8
16
8
24
SBA #2 Sends Global Data
SBA #2
%I %Q
SBA #1
%I %Q
SBA #3
%I %Q
8
8
8
SBA #4
%I
%Q
8
16
8
24
SBA #3 Sends Global Data
SBA #3
%I
%Q
SBA #1
%I
%Q
8
SBA #2
%I %Q
8
8
8
SBA #4
%I
%Q
16
8
24
SBA #2
%I
%Q
SBA #1
%I
%Q
SBA #3
%I
%Q
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉ ÉÉ ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
8
offset 0
GFK-0695A
8
8
8
8
16
SBA
Starting
Reference
SBA #1
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #4
all others
%I0001
%Q0001
%I0129
%I0193
x
Reference
Message
Length
Buffer Offset
(bits)
(bytes)
64
8
256
x
64
8
64
8
0
x
SBA
Starting
Reference
SBA #1
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #4
all others
%I0001
%I0065
%Q0001
%I0193
x
Reference
Message
Buffer Offset
Length
(bytes)
(bits)
64
16
64
16
256
x
64
16
0
x
Configuration For SBA #4
SBA #4 Sends Global Data
SBA #4
%I
%Q
Message
Buffer Offset
(bytes)
x
0
0
0
x
Configuration For SBA #3
ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉ
ÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
offset 0
SBA #1
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #4
all others
Starting Reference
Reference
Length
(bits)
%Q0001
256
%I0065
64
%I0129
64
%I0193
64
x
0
Configuration For SBA #2
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉÉÉ ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ ÉÉÉÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉ
ÉÉ
ÉÉ
offset 0
SBA
24
Chapter 4 Configuration
SBA
SBA #1
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #4
all others
Starting Reference
Reference
Length
(bits)
%I0001
64
%I0065
64
%I0129
64
%Q0001
256
x
0
Message
Buffer Offset
(bytes)
24
24
24
x
x
4-15
4
Configuration Example 4
Global Data can be used to emulate a remote I/O option for Series 90-30 PLCs. In this
type of system, one device controls the I/O of one or more Series 90-30 PLCs. While the
controller shown in this example is a Series 90-30 PLC, a Series 90-70 PLC or other type
of host could also serve this function.
In the previous example, each PLC sent global data from its output table to the input
tables of all the others. In this example, one PLC sends 24 bytes of global data from its
output table to the output tables of the others, so it can actually control the output
devices of three Series 90-30 PLCs. Each 90-30 PLC uses 8 bytes of the output data.
SBA #1
SBA #2
(%Q)
"
SBA #3
Y
8 bytes
Y
8 bytes
SBA #4
Y
(%Q)
8 bytes
Each Series 90-30 PLC sends global data from its own input table to the first PLC’s input
table, so the application program in the first PLC can act on inputs from the “remote”
90-30s as though they were inputs from its own PLC system.
%I
%I
YYY
%I
%I
8 bytes
8 bytes
8 bytes
The Series 90-30 PLCs that act as remote I/O devices do not need to contain an
application program to use the %I and %Q data. The data is exchanged directly with
input and output modules that are assigned to these same %I and %Q references.
When configuring GCM+ modules in PLCs that will have no application program, the
data default parameter should be configured to be OFF. That will ensure that
disruptions (caused by loss of PLCs or loss of communications) results in a predictable,
“safe” shutdown. If the data default parameter were set to hold last state instead, some
outputs would remain ON until the disruption was resolved.
4-16
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
GFK-0695A
4
In this system:
H
A GCM+ is installed in each Series 90-30 PLC. The GCM+ modules are configured
to use Bus Addresses (SBAs) 1 through 4.
H
The GCM+ in the Series 90-30 PLC that will control the other PLCs’ inputs and
outputs is assigned SBA #1. The GCM+ modules in the “remote” PLCs are assigned
#2, 3, and 4.
H
In the Series 90-30 PLC that will be the controller, the first 24 bytes (192 bits) of %I
and %Q memory is set aside for global data. The 24 bytes are divided into 3
segments of 8 bytes each; the segments are organized in ascending order of SBAs.
%Q Memory
H
%I Memory
SBA #2
SBA #2
SBA #3
SBA #3
SBA #4
SBA #4
In each Series 90-30 PLC that will serve the “remote I/O” function, the GCM+ is
configured to receive from the controller the portion of the %Q table that is assigned
to it.
During operation, the following occurs each bus scan:
A. The GCM+ module in the controller PLC broadcasts 24 bytes of global data
beginning at %Q0001 to all other devices on the bus.
B. Every “remote I/O” GCM+ receives 24 bytes of global data from the controller, but
passes only the 8–byte segment that starts at its configured Message Buffer Byte
Offset to the PLC CPU.
C. Each remote PLC broadcasts 8 bytes of global data from %I0001 to all other devices
on the bus.
D. The GCM+in the controller receives the three broadcasts and places all the data in
contiguous 64–bit blocks at %I0001 – %I0193.
E. Each remote GCM+ also receives the broadcasts from the other two remote PLCs.
Because the length parameter for these SBAs is 0, the GCM+ modules in the remote
PLCs discard each others’ messages.
GFK-0695A
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-17
4
Configuration
Summary
Global data configuration for each of the four GCM+ modules in the example system is
shown below. Other configuration for each GCM+ includes setting status to %I1025.
The baud rate and S6 ref selections remain defaulted.
For SBA #1
Global output data sent
by SBA #1 (controller)
"
For SBA #2
inputs sent by SBA #2
as global data
"
For SBA #3
inputs sent by SBA #3
as global data
"
For SBA #4
inputs sent by SBA #4
as global data
"
SBA
Starting
Reference
Reference
Length(bits)
MessageBuffer
ByteOffset
SBA #1*
%Q0001
192
x
SBA #2
%I0001
64
0
SBA #3
%I0065
64
0
SBA #4
%I0129
64
0
all others
x
0
x
SBA
Starting
Reference
Reference
Length(bits)
MessageBuffer
ByteOffset
SBA #1
%Q0001
64
0
SBA #2*
%I0001
64
x
all others
x
0
x
SBA
Starting
Reference
Reference
Length(bits)
MessageBuffer
ByteOffset
SBA #1
%Q0001
64
8
SBA #3*
%I0001
64
x
all others
x
0
x
SBA
Starting
Reference
Reference
Length(bits)
MessageBuffer
ByteOffset
SBA #1
%Q0001
64
16
SBA #4*
%I0001
64
x
all others
x
0
x
Offset 0 for
other
SBA#s on
bus
A
Offset 0 for
controller
SBA #1
A
Offset 8 for
controller
SBA #1
A
Offset 16 for
controller
SBA #1
For this example, the only part of the GCM+ configuration that changes in the remote
PLCs is the offset; it increments by eight as the Bus Address of the GCM+ increments.
4-18
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
t
GFK-0695A
4
Configuration Example 5
A Series 90-70 PLC exchanges I/O data with two Series 90-30 PLCs.
SBA #31
H
SBA #1
SBA #2
During the input portion of each Series 90-30 PLC’s sweep, input data from I/O
modules is placed into the same references used for sending global data.
(%I) ← ←
(%AI) ← ←
SBA #2
SBA #1
H
When each GCM+ module has its turn on the bus, it transmits the input as Global
Data, which is read by the Series 90-70 PLC.
H
SBA #2
SBA #1
SBA #31
a
3 bytes (24
bits) of %I data
a
16 bytes (8 words)
of %AI data
The application program in the Series 90-70 PLC processes the input data. It provides
100 bytes of outputs to be sent to the Series 90-30s as global data. Within the 100-byte
global data message, the first 60 bytes is discrete output data for one Series 90-30 PLC
and the last 40 bytes is analog output data for the other.
SBA #31
global data
H
global data
offset = 0 bytes
GFK-0695A
40 bytes
'
Each Series 90-30 PLC reads only the intended portion of the data sent by the 90-70,
and discards the rest by using the offset and length parameters. The first GCM+
places its portion of the data into %Q memory in its Series 90-30 PLC. The second
GCM+ places its portion of the data into %AQ memory.
SBA #1
H
60 bytes
y
SBA #2
(%Q)
60 bytes
SBA #1
global data
offset = 60 bytes
SBA #2
60 bytes
y
(%AQ)
40 bytes
During the output portion of each PLC’s sweep, the received output data is sent to
output modules that are configured to use the same %Q and %AQ references as the
global data. Because the Series 90-70 acts as the controller for the 90-30 I/O modules,
90-30 application programming is not needed.
Chapter 4 Configuration
4-19
4
Configuration
Summary for
this Example
Configuration for
GCM+ #1
Device
GCM+
GCM+
90-70 GBC
SBA
1
2
31
Transmit:
Refs/Bytes
%I0001/3
%AI0001/16
%G0001/100
Received from
#1: Refs/Bytes
none
none
%I1001/3
Received from
#2: Refs/Bytes
none
none
%AI0001/16
1.
Configure the first GCM+ at SBA #1.
2.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
3.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
Received from
#31:R efs/Bytes
%Q0001/60
%AQ0001/40
none
A. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #1, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%I0001
24 bits (=3 bytes)
0
B. Enter the parameters for the data to be received from the Series 90-70 PLC’s Bus
Controller, at SBA #31:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%Q0001
480 bits (=60 bytes)
0 (the first 60 bytes will be received)
C. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
GCM+ #2
don’t care
0 (required)
0
1.
Configure the second GCM+ at SBA #2.
2.
Configure the baud rate so that all devices operate at the same rate.
3.
Configure the references, lengths and offsets for global data.
A. On the configuration screen, there is an asterisk (*) beside SBA #2, because it is
the device being configured. Enter the parameters for the data to be transmitted:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%AI0001
8 words (=16 bytes)
0
B. Enter the global data reference, length, and offset for the data to be received
from the Series 90-70 PLC’s Bus Controller, at SBA #31:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
%Q0001
320 bits (=40 bytes)
60 (the first 60 bytes will be skipped)
C. For all other SBAs on the bus:
Starting Reference
Reference Length
Msg Buffer Byte Offset
Configuration for
the Other Devices
4-20
don’t care
0 (required)
0
The Series 90-70 PLC at SBA #31 configures GCM+ modules via the system
configuration software at SBAs #1 and #2. It assigns 24 bits (=8 bytes) of %I memory to
the input data from the first GCM+, and 8 words (=16 bytes) of %AI memory to the
input data from the second GCM+.
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
Chapter
5
Diagnostics
section level 1
figure bi level 1
table_big level 1
5
This chapter describes the diagnostics features of the Enhanced Genius Communications
Module:
H
Status bits that reflect the presence or absence of other devices on the bus, and
confirm the operating status of the GCM+ itself.
H
Diagnostic messages that report the operating status of the Series 90–30 PLC and its
modules to a Series 90–70 PLC on the same bus.
The diagnostic features of the GCM+ must be configured. See chapter 4 for more
information about configuration.
Status Bits
The GCM+ uses 32 reference address bits in %I memory to supply status information
for the PLC. A default beginning reference (the next available %I) for the status bits is
automatically supplied by the system configuration software or by a Hand–held
Programmer, but a different %I reference can be selected. Status bits are organized in
ascending order of the devices’ Bus Addresses (SBAs), beginning at the first %I status
reference.
Low reference
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Status Bits
•••••••••••••••••••••
First %I status reference,
for example: %I0001
High reference
29 30 31
Last %I status reference,
for example: %I0032
Monitoring GCM+ and Bus Device Status
Every bus scan, the Series 90–30 PLC reads the status bits from the GCM+. Your
application program logic may monitor the selected %I memory area regularly to check
on the operating status of the GCM+ and the devices on its bus. This is especially
recommended it the data default parameter has been set to hold last state.
GFK-0695A
H
The status bits for devices other than the GCM+ itself indicate whether they are
currently on the bus (status = 1). If the status bit for a device is 0, any global data
received from that Bus Address should be discarded. If the data default parameter
has been set to OFF, this data will be 0.
H
During normal operation, the status bit for the GCM+ is 1 if the GCM+ is on the bus
and 0 if it isn’t.
5-1
5
Fault Reports
If the Fault Reports capability of the GCM+ is enabled by configuration, the GCM+ will
send diagnostic messages that can be read by a Series 90–70 PLC on the same bus. The
Bus Controller in the Series 90–70 PLC must be rev. 4.0 or later.
These messages will report:
H
I/O faults like addition or loss of a module or of another rack (see below) within the
Series 90–30 PLC.
H
Series 90–30 board–specific faults.
If a fault occurs, the GCM+ sends one Series 90 fault datagram. Even if the fault still
exists, the GCM+ does not repeat the fault report. For example, for a Loss of Module
fault, a module must be added back at the same rack and slot location before another
Loss of Module fault can be reported.
Both the GCM+ and its PLC CPU must be operating for the Series 90–30 to send Series
90 fault datagrams. So these diagnostics will not report loss or addition of the GCM+, the
CPU module, or their rack(s).
At powerup, the GCM+ cannot report faults that occur before it receives its
configuration from the PLC. To avoid missing any faults, the GCM+ should be installed
right next to the CPU module. In that way, the GCM+ will receive its configuration
before the rest of the modules in the system are logged in.
Fault Clearing
Faults are cleared in the normal way, from the programming software or using a
Hand–held Programmer.
Clearing a fault in the Series 90–30 PLC does not remove it from the fault table in the
Series 90–70 PLC. That fault message can be cleared using the programming software.
No 90–70 fault contacts are associated with the fault.
Drop ID
Part of the Series 90–70 fault display is the Drop ID (a number between 16 and 254). The
Drop ID is intended to uniquely identify a remote drop, so each 90–30 should use a
different Drop ID. If there are two GCM+ modules installed in one Series 90–30 PLC,
they should use the same Drop ID, so the 90–30 gets reported in the same way via
either GCM+. The Series 90–70 Remote I/O Scanner also uses the Drop ID, so
assignments should take this into account.
Note that unlike the Remote I/O Scanner, the GCM+ does not use the Drop ID as part of
its SNP ID; there is no SNP association in the GCM+.
5-2
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual –
July 1997
GFK-0695A
Appendix
A
Characteristics of the Genius Bus
section level 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A
This appendix describes the characteristics of the bus cable that links Genius devices.
H
H
H
H
H
H
Electrical Interface
Serial Bus Waveforms
Effect of Long Cables, Repeaters, or Unspecified Cable Types on Bus Length
Serial Data Format
Bus Access
Bus Errors Caused by Noise
This information supercedes the equivalent text portion of chapter 2 of the The Genius I/O
System and Communications Manual (GFK-90486), “The Communications Bus”.
A Genius serial bus consists of two or more Genius devices, and (usually) the bus cable that
connects them. A single block or bus controller with a Hand-held Monitor directly attached,
properly terminated with a 75Ω resistor, are considered the smallest possible Genius
communications bus.
GFK-0695A
A-1
A
Electrical Interface
The Genius serial bus uses computer grade twisted pair data cable. The half duplex token
sequence used requires only a single pair since at any time only one station is transmitting
and all others are receiving. All stations must receive in order to track the present token
value and take their appropriate turn on the bus, regardless whether the data is to be used
locally. The transmit sequence is the same as the serial bus address (SBA) set into each
location during configuration. A simplified interface circuit is shown below:
Wiring Terminals
+ REF
SER1
R
LOCAL
SUPPLY
SER2
COMP
RX+
COMP
RX–
+5 to 10 V
SHIELD
OUT
SER1
– REF
SER2
SER2
SHIELD
IN
TX+
R
TX–
ISOLATION
LOCAL
COMMON
INTERFACE
LOGIC
CHASSIS
GROUND
Signal coupling to the bus is via a high frequency, high isolation pulse transformer. This
permits the bus and the local logic to be at different voltage levels. The pulse waveforms are
bipolar (see next section below) to reduce DC baseline offsets in the waveform.
The daisy–chained bus is shown on the left in the above illustration. The SER 1 and
SER 2 lines are merely tapped at the intermediate locations along the bus. These
connections must be consistent since the signal is polarized. The shield of the cable is
broken into segments at each location. Each shield segment is DC grounded at one end
(SHIELD OUT), and terminated with a small capacitor at the other (SHIELD IN). The
segmenting breaks up long ground loop paths. The capacitor termination reduces
common mode noise from high frequency pickup, while preventing large ground loop
currents in the shield at low frequencies.
The alternately switching transistors produce a negative pulse followed by a positive
pulse across SERIAL 1 relative to SERIAL 2. The bit waveform is a series of these pulses,
as will be shown later. The transformer provides isolation (2500 volts test) between the
bus and the local logic, permitting these to be at different voltages. The internal resistors
in each line provide current limit and some termination function during transmission.
The balanced (differential) signals on the twisted pair provide high noise immunity due
to the magnetic (H field) cancellation effect of the twisting, as well as electric (E field)
reduction by the shielding. Most remaining noise pickup is common mode: the
transformer provides a high common mode noise rejection by looking only at the
differential signal across the SER 1–2 lines. The two input comparators detect the
positive polarity input pulses separately from the negative; these are sent to a custom
interface logic chip which digitally filters these for timing and sequence, then
reconstructs the NRZ digital data. Voltages between the two thresholds are ignored. This
filtering, and the high input threshold if the comparators, are highly effective in rejecting
both random impulse noise and low level line reflections. Finally a CRC–6 checksum
check is performed before the data is sent to the local processor (not shown).
A-2
Series 90
t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
GFK-0695A
A
Genius Transceiver Electrical Specification
Property
Min
Max
Normal peak voltage Vp into 78 ohm terminated cable (1)
3.5 volts
5.5 volts
Normal peak voltage Vp into 150 ohm terminated cable (1)
6.0 volts
9.5 volts
Rated bus impedance (2)
78 ohms
150 ohms
Maximum output voltage (SER 1 and 2 open) (3)
Peak
RMS
35 volts
15 volts
Maximum output current (SER 1 and 2 shorted together) Peak
RMS
Transmitter source resistance
180milliamp
50milliamp
80 ohms
Transmitter source inductance (transformer leakage inductance)
Receiver input threshold; +Vr, –Vr (4)
Receive mode input impedance
Receive mode load inductance (transformer shunt inductance)
Receiver common mode rejection (DC to 1 MHZ)
Shield capacitor termination
Isolation, serial bus to circuit, continuous
140 ohms
10 microhenries
0.7 volt
1.1 volt
10 K ohm
6 millihenries
12millihenries
60 dB
0.1microfarad
240 volts AC
Notes:
GFK-0695A
H
H
H
(1) Vp may vary among various module types.
H
(4) Input voltages between +Vr and –Vr thresholds are ignored.
(2) Rated load is half cable impedance when termination is included.
(3) Peak open circuit voltage contains underdamped ringing due to lack of
termination.
Appendix A Characteristics of the Genius Bus
A-3
A
Serial Bus Waveforms
The actual waveforms seen on the cable depend on the cable impedance and the
distance from the station presently transmitting. A data “0” is a series of three AC pulses,
while a “1” is no pulse.
+Vp
+Vr
–Vr
–Vp
“0””
1
t = ––––––––
baud rate
“1”
“0””
“0””
“1”
SERIAL 1 VOLTAGE RELATIVE TO SERIAL 2
Use caution when connecting instrumentation to the bus. A differential probe or a
summation of two probes relative to ground is required. Inadvertent grounding of one
side of the bus can cause loss of data or data errors.
The pulse frequency is three times the baud frequency, for example 460.8 KHz at 153.6 Kb.
The peak transmitted voltage Vp and the receiver thresholds Vr are per the electrical
specification above. The peak voltages measured will decline with distance along the
cable from the transmitting station, so different stations will have varying amplitudes.
The wave shape will also become more rounded with distance.
The minimum amplitude pulses seen during a “0” should exceed the receiver threshold
Vr of 900 millivolts by 50% (about 1.4 volts) for best reliability. An occasional pulse at or
below the threshold may still not cause the bit to be missed, due to a voting algorithm in
the logic, however.
Likewise, no pulses greater than Vr should exist during logic “1” intervals. Occasional
extra pulses during this interval are also rejected by the logic.
Line reflections will show up as notch distortion during the pulse or low level pulses
during “1” intervals, and their appearance is synchronized to the baud frequency. These
cause no problem if they do not cause violation of the amplitude criteria of the previous
paragraphs.
The Serial 1 and Serial 2 lines should always have a termination resistor equal to the
characteristic impedance of the cable connected at each extreme end. When testing a
Genius block or other device using a Hand Held Monitor, when no serial bus is present,
a terminating resistor will improve integrity. 75 Ohms is recommended.
A-4
Series 90
t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
GFK-0695A
A
Effect of Long Cables, Repeaters, or Unspecified Cable Types on
Maximum Length Bus
Three effects limit the maximum length bus available at any baud rate:
1.
Voltage attenuation
2.
Waveform distortion (frequency dispersion)
3.
Propagation delays
Attenuation
The transmitter output levels and receiver thresholds determine the maximum
attenuation that can be tolerated. For Genius products, this is the principal determinant
when using recommended cable types.
Distortion
Waveform distortion is due to the limited bandwidth of wire media, which causes the
various frequency components of a pulse waveform to travel at different speeds and
thus arrive separately in time (called dispersion). As a result, the received pulse appears
rounded and distorted. The signal at the extreme end from the transmitter may look
rounded and skewed as shown below. Distortion is most apparent near the beginning
and end of a pulse train where in may appear as a change in phase or a frequency shift.
Critical timing for a logic 0 transmission is shown below in a more detailed version of the
waveform:
Tw
Tw
+Vr
–Vr
Tp/2
Tp/2
Note the first and last half–cycle look wider. The most critical to operation is the first full
cycle of the first start bit of the transmission. Detection of this pulse establishes the time
synchronization of the receiver to the incoming waveform. Missing this first pulse does
not cause the data to be missed, but may compromise the noise immunity with respect
to extra or missing pulses. The frequency of the AC pulse is 3X the baud rate as noted
earlier. This means the normal period Tp(normal) is:
H
H
H
GFK-0695A
2.17 microseconds at 153.6 Kb
4.34 microseconds at 76.8 Kb
8.68 microseconds at 38.4 Kb.
Appendix A Characteristics of the Genius Bus
A-5
A
The half cycle pulse width, when measured between the positive and negative receiver
thresholds, denoted as Tp/2 in the figure, will vary along the waveform due to
dispersion, and resembles a frequency shift.. The digital input filter essentially is a band
pass filter which looks at the half cycle timing Tp/2, and the duration above the
thresholds, Tw. The limits are:
H
H
Tp/2 = 0.6 Tp(normal) maximum
Tw = 0.188 Tp(normal) minimum
These measurements can be taken when evaluating the maximum length of an
unspecified cable. Dispersion is much less of a problem with fiber optic links since the
media is much wider bandwidth, and therefore has less distortion.
Propagation Delay
The propagation delay is caused by travel time of the signal down the cable. Typical
signal velocity in data grade cables is around 65– 78% of the speed of light. This requires
about 3 microseconds to travel a 2000 foot long bus. This is about half a bit time at 153,6
Kb. This skew could affect the bus access sequence since only one bit of quiet bus (skip)
time is usually allocated between transmission of adjacent addresses. (Refer to Bus
Access Time section below.) The signal must reach all devices on the bus within the
period of one bit. Propagation delay causes the ultimate limitation in bus length, even
with ideal media. Propagation speed through fiber optic is not significantly different
than wire, and delays through the interfaces must be accounted for.
Serial Data Format
The Genius protocol is designed to produce maximum throughput of data by using a
minimum overhead of control and synchronizing characters.
Each character is 11 bits long, comprising a start bit (always 0), next a control bit,
followed by 8 bits of data, sent LSB first. The last bit is a stop bit, always 1. Successive
characters are sent with no time space between them. The control bit is used to signal
the type of character being sent. A 1 indicates a control character, and 0 a data character.
A minimum transmission is comprised of a start character, one or more data characters, and
a stop character. The Start character data contains the address and whether the
transmission is directed to a specific address or a broadcast to all. The End character contains
the CRC– 6 checksum. More complex transmissions may have additional start and end of
block characters to break up the message into “blocks” of data (not to be confused with
Genius I/O “Blocks”). For example, a Bus Controller can send device specific messages
(blocks of data) to all devices on the bus during one transmission cycle.
A-6
Series 90
t-30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
GFK-0695A
A
Bus Access
All devices must receive the current SBA and the stop character even though the data is
irrelevant locally. After the stop control character is received, each device on the bus
starts a timer. The time delay is equal to a “skip time”, times the difference between the
device Serial Bus Address (SBA) and the last SBA received. The device will transmit after
the time delay if no other start bits are detected first. Thus each device takes turn in
order of SBA. Unused SBAs result in longer times between messages. All devices must
detect messages within this skip time delay. A bus “collision” (two sources transmitting
simultaneously) results if this sequence is missed. The skip time value is equal to one bit
period, except on the 153.6e rate, where it is two bit periods long. The longer interval is
useful to accommodate the longer propagation delays due to longer bus cables, or when
delays are introduced by fiber optic or other repeaters, The worse case is when adjacent
SBAs are physically located at opposite ends of a long bus. For example, assume SBA 4
and 6 are at one end of a 2000 foot bus and SBA5 at the other, operating at 153.6s Kb.
When SBA 4 end character is detected, SBA6 immediately starts timing 2 skip times (13
uSec) to start of it’s transmission. SBA5 receives the end character 3 uSec later, and starts
timing 1 skip time (6.5 uSec). Thus SBA 5 will start transmitting 9.5 uSec after SBA 4 quit.
This allows 3.5 uSec for the signal to get back to SBA6 to cancel it’s transmission turn.
The 3 uSec transmission delay leaves only 0.5 uSec to do this and avoid a collision
between SBA5 and 6.
Bus collisions result in missing data or detected CRC errors. Problems resulting from bus
collisions can be fixed by not using (skipping) a SBA, resequencing SBAs in order along
the bus, going from 153.6s baud to the 153.6e, or a lower baud rate.
Bus Errors Caused by Noise
Most capacitively- and magnetically-coupled noise shows up as common mode voltage
on the bus. The bus provides a 60 dB common mode rejection ratio. A noise spike above
1000 volts would be required to corrupt the data. The bus receivers filter out corrupted
data and perform a 6-bit cyclic redundancy check to reject bad data. Corrupted signals
due to noise show up as missed data rather than incorrect data. The bus continues
operating to the maximum extent possible when bus errors are detected; random bus
errors do not shut down communications. Bad data is rejected by the receiving device
and excessive errors are reported to the controller. Bus errors are indicated by flickering
of I/O block and bus controller LEDs. If excessive bus errors occur, the problem should be
found and corrected.
GFK-0695A
Appendix A Characteristics of the Genius Bus
A-7
Appendix
B
Comparison of the GCM+ and the GCM
section level 1
figure_ap level 1
table_ap level 1
B
The Genius Communications Module (GCM) is an earlier, less powerful version of the
GCM+. Both types of module can be used on the same bus, but they cannot be installed
in the same PLC. The two types of module can exchange global data with each other.
Differences between the GCM+ and GCM are summarized below.
GCM+
GCM
IC693CMM302
IC693CMM301
1, 2, or 3
1
up tto 128 b
bytes
t
up to 128 bytes each from up to 31
other devices
up tto 256 bit
bits ttotal
t l global
l b ld
data,
t
transmitted and received
31
7
0–31
16 to 23 only
%G, %I, %Q, %AI, %AQ, %R
%G only
OK, COMM
OK, COMM
status bits,
Fault Reports to Series 90–70 PLC
none
–
Ability to pass to host
PLC a partial global
data message only?
yes
no
Host PLC Scan Impact
faster transfers
potentially more data
slowertransfers
restricted maximum data
not needed for certain configurations
required
may default to 0
no option
selectable
fixed
ModuleNumber
Quantity per 90–30 PLC
Global Data Lengths:
t
transmitted
itt d
received
Number of Other
Global Data Devices
Bus Addresses (SBAs)
for Global Data
Memory Types for
GlobalData
Diagnostics
LEDs
Softwarediagnostics
Host PLC Program
DataDefault
Series Six Interface
GFK-0695A
B-1
Index
A
Attenuation, A-5
B
Baud Rate, Choosing, 4-5
peer–to–peer , example, 1-7, 4-14
stopped, 3-2, 3-3
Compatibility, 1-3
Computer
receives global data from GCM+, 3-4
using to monitor data, 1-5, 4-12, 4-19
Configuration, summary of features and
defaults, 4-4
Baud rate
configuration, 4-4
selection guidelines, 2-6, 4-5
Connector, Hand-held Monitor, 2-10
Bus
access, A-7
baud rate, 2-6, 4-5
cable characteristics, 2-6
cable types, 2-5
disconnecting for reconfiguration, 4-1
electrical interface, A-2
general transceiver specifications, A-3
how to disconnect, 2-2
installation, 2-7
length, 2-6
lightning transients, 2-9
noise, 2-2
noise, effect on data, A-7
outdoors, 2-9
removal, 2-2
repeaters, using, A-5
serial data format, A-6
surge suppression, 2-9
termination, 2-8
unspecified cable type, using, A-5
using other cable types, 2-6
waveforms, A-4
CPU sweep, 3-2, 3-3
Bus Address, 4-4, 4-5
Control wiring, 2-9
CRC checking, A-7
D
Data default, 3-2, 3-3, 4-1, 4-4, 4-6
Data monitoring, 1-5
Device Number, 4-5
Diagnostics
Fault Reports, 1-4, 5-2
status bits, 1-4, 5-1
Drop ID, 4-4, 4-7, 5-2
D-shell connector, installing, 2-12
E
Environmental specifications, 1-3
F
Bus scan, 3-5
Fault clearing, 5-2
Bus scan time, 3-7
Fault Reports, 4-4, 4-7, 5-2
Fiber optics, 2-9
C
Cable types, 2-5
Catalog number, 1-3
Catalog numbers, inline HHM port,
44A736310-001-R001, 2-10
COMM LED, 1-2
Communications
loss of, data defaults for, 4-6
master/slave,example, 1-8, 4-16
GFK-0695A
t
G
GCM module, 1-3
compared to GCM+, B-1
configuration example, 4-10
receives global data from GCM+, 3-4
GCM+ module
illustration, 1-2
number per PLC, 1-1
specifications, 1-3
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
Index-1
Index
Genius I/O blocks on bus, 1-1, 1-6
Global data
amount, 1-4
length, 4-4, 4-9
memory types, 1-4, 3-1
offset, 4-4, 4-8, 4-9
operation, 3-2, 3-3
programming for, 1-4
references, 4-8
sent during configuration, 4-1
Grounding, 2-9
H
Hand–held Monitor (Genius), compatibility, 1-3
Hand–held Programmer, 1-1
As part of a system, 1-1
O
Offset for global data, 4-4, 4-8
OK LED, 1-2
P
Power wiring, 2-9
Propagation delays, A-5
R
Racks, installing GCM+ in, 1-1
Reconfiguring the GCM+, 4-1
Remote I/O, emulating with global data,
1-8, 4-16
Removing the Module, 2-2
Hand-held Monitor, connector, 2-10
Hold last state, 4-1, 4-6
S
SBA, 4-4, 4-5
I
I/O blocks on bus, 1-1, 1-6, 3-4
Input data, monitoring with GCM+, 1-6
L
LEDs, 1-2
Series 90–30 PLC, compatibility, 1-3
Series 90–70 PLC
compatibility, 1-3
monitoring diagnostics from GCM+,
1-4, 5-2
receives global data from GCM+, 3-4
Series Five PLC, 3-4
receives global data from GCM+, 3-4
reference address, 4-4, 4-6
Logicmaster 90–30 software, compatibility, 1-3
Series Six PLC
compatibility, 1-3
receives global data from GCM+, 3-4
reference address, 4-4, 4-6
Logicmaster 90–70 software, compatibility, 1-3
Shock, 1-3
Signal wiring, 2-9
Slot Number, 2-1
M
Memory for global data, in other types of
host, 3-4
Index-2
Slot number, 4-4
Specifications, 1-3
Module Installation, 2-1
Status bits, 1-4, 4-4, 5-1
meaning, 3-2
memory for, 3-1
Module location, 1-1
Surge suppressors, 2-9
t
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
GFK-0412B
Index
T
Terminal Assembly
illustration, 1-2
installation, 2-4
removal, 2-3, 4-1
V
Vibration, 1-3
Voltage attenuation, A-5
Terminating the bus, 2-5
Timing
bus scan time, 3-6
bus scan/CPU sweep, 3-5
Device to device response time, 3-7
GFK-0695A
t
W
Wiring guidelines, 2-9
Series 90 -30 Enhanced Geniusr Communications Module User’s Manual – July 1997
Index-3
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