WK2 Oriental_UK
Owner’s manual
English
Important information
1. The WK2 Oriental should contain the following items from the factory:
a) Instrument;
b) One floppy disk containing the operating system;
c) One demonstration floppy disk;
d) Owner’s manual;
e) Power cord;
f) RGB/SCART cable;
g) Warranty certificate;
h) List of Generalmusic distributors.
2. Whenever you need to contact your retailer or authorised Generalmusic technical assistance centre, always quote
the model name and serial number of your instrument.
Generalmusic Web site: http://www.generalmusic.com
The information in this publication has been carefully prepared and checked. The manufacturers however decline all liability
for eventual errors. This publication may not be copied, photocopied or reproduced in part or in whole without prior written
consent from Generalmusic S.p.A. Generalmusic reserves the right to apply any aesthetic, design or functional modifications
that are considered necessary to any of its products without prior notice. Generalmusic declines all liability for damage to
property or persons resulting from improper use of the instrument.
© 1999 Generalmusic S.p.A. All rights are reserved.
Products and brand names that are referred to in this publication (Apple, IBM, Macintosh, MS-DOS) may either be trademarks
and/or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Generalmusic makes no claim to these trademarks.
Contents
Introduction .............................................................................................
Specifications ..........................................................................................
Upgrading your instrument ......................................................................
SYSTEM RESET ....................................................................................
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• Quick Guide
Front Panel Layout WK2 Oriental ........................................................... 1. 4
Rear Panel (Connections) ....................................................................... 1. 7
Setting up and getting to know the instrument ........................................ 1. 8
Connecting a set of headphones ............................................................ 1. 8
Connecting to an amplification system .................................................... 1. 8
Turn on the power ................................................................................... 1. 8
Adjusting the volume ............................................................................... 1. 8
Play with Pitch Bend and/or Modulation .................................................. 1. 9
Playing with or without the Effects .......................................................... 1. 9
Adjust the general Effect Volumes .......................................................... 1. 9
Connect the pedals ............................................................................... 1. 10
Play the Programmable Pads ............................................................... 1. 10
Transposing the instrument up or down ................................................ 1. 10
Transposing by octaves ........................................................................ 1. 11
Listen to the Demo Styles ..................................................................... 1. 11
Song Play - Direct from Disk or Hard Disk ............................................ 1. 12
Playing WK2 Oriental ............................................................................ 1. 13
Play in real time ..................................................................................... 1. 13
Play manual Bass ................................................................................. 1. 13
Play with a Preset Arabic Scale ............................................................ 1. 14
The basics of the WK2 Oriental ............................................................ 1. 15
The graphic LCD Display ...................................................................... 1. 15
Selection, Navigation and Data Entry ................................................... 1. 17
Enter / Escape ....................................................................................... 1. 18
Text entry ............................................................................................... 1. 18
• User Guide
Ch. 1 • Sounds ....................................................................................... 2. 2
Sounds, Drumkits and the Sound Banks ................................................ 2. 2
Samples .................................................................................................. 2. 2
The three Real Time Keyboard sections ................................................. 2. 3
Manual Bass ........................................................................................... 2. 3
The Keyboard modes - Full and Split ...................................................... 2. 3
The keyboard Activators - the possible configurations ............................ 2. 4
Selecting Sounds .................................................................................... 2. 4
Ch. 2 • Performances ............................................................................ 2. 6
The Structure of the Performances ......................................................... 2. 6
Selecting RealTime Performances .......................................................... 2. 7
Style Lock and the Performances ........................................................... 2. 8
How to program the Performances ......................................................... 2. 8
The Performance parameters ............................................................... 2. 11
Store Performance ................................................................................ 2. 12
Storing to the default performance ........................................................ 2. 12
To memorize changes to the current Performance ............................... 2. 12
Save changes to a different Performance (or create a new one) .......... 2. 12
Changing the Performance name ......................................................... 2. 13
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Contents i
The INIT (Restore) function ...................................................................
To restore the original Performance settings .........................................
Ch. 3 • The Arabic Scale .....................................................................
What is the Arabic Scale ? ....................................................................
How to recall a preset Arabic Scale ......................................................
How to set a new Arabic Scale in real time ...........................................
How to Store a user-programmed Arabic Scale ....................................
Arabic Tuning and Micro Tuning ............................................................
Ch. 4 • Styles and Oriental Styles ......................................................
About the WK2 Oriental Styles ..............................................................
Enabling/disabling the automatic arrangements ...................................
The Single Touch Play button ...............................................................
Selecting a Style ...................................................................................
How to start the selected Style ..............................................................
The Style Volume ..................................................................................
Playing the Styles using the automatic functions ..................................
Intro, Ending, Vatiation, Fill ...................................................................
Fade ......................................................................................................
Activate the automatic functions using a switch pedal ..........................
The Key Stop function (maintaining chords) .........................................
The Restart Style function .....................................................................
The Arranger section .............................................................................
Arrange On/Off ......................................................................................
Arrange Memory ...................................................................................
Lower Memory ......................................................................................
Bass To Lowest .....................................................................................
The Style/Tempo Lock button ................................................................
The Style Tempo ...................................................................................
Saving the Tempo to a Performance .....................................................
Saving the Tempo in one of the 16 Direct Style Memory slots ..............
Arrange Mode .......................................................................................
Auto Arrange .........................................................................................
Auto Bass ..............................................................................................
Chord recognition ..................................................................................
The Split function ..................................................................................
Split Point ..............................................................................................
Chord Lock (ChoLock) ..........................................................................
The Utility section ..................................................................................
Metronome ............................................................................................
Sustain ..................................................................................................
Harmony ................................................................................................
Reverb and Chorus ...............................................................................
Ch. 5 • Disk & Hard Disk .....................................................................
Floppy Disk (F Disk button) ...................................................................
Hard Disk (H Disk button) .....................................................................
The Floppy Disk and Hard Disk operations ...........................................
About Files ............................................................................................
Recognizing File types ..........................................................................
Load ......................................................................................................
Load from Floppy disk ...........................................................................
Load from Hard Disk partition ...............................................................
Save ......................................................................................................
Save to Floppy disk ...............................................................................
Save to a Hard Disk partition ................................................................
Delete ....................................................................................................
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ii Contents
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Delete from Floppy Disk ........................................................................ 2. 40
Delete from Hard Disk partition ............................................................. 2. 40
Format ................................................................................................... 2. 41
Format Floppy Disk ............................................................................... 2. 41
Format Hard Disk partition .................................................................... 2. 41
Creating a new partition (New Part) ...................................................... 2. 42
Utility ..................................................................................................... 2. 42
Copy File ............................................................................................... 2. 42
Hard Disk Protect (for the HD version) .................................................. 2. 44
Hard Disk Format .................................................................................. 2. 44
General disk handling information ......................................................... 2. 45
Ch. 6 • Songs ....................................................................................... 2. 47
What is a Song? .................................................................................... 2. 47
The Song Performance ......................................................................... 2. 47
The Play all Songs button ..................................................................... 2. 47
Selecting and playing back Songs ........................................................ 2. 48
Fast Forward/Rewind (FF+ /REW –) ..................................................... 2. 49
The Melody Off button ........................................................................... 2. 49
Programming the Song Performance .................................................... 2. 49
Clear Song ............................................................................................ 2. 50
Play a Song track in real time with the Song in playback ...................... 2. 51
Displaying Lyrics ................................................................................... 2. 52
To display lyrics on an external monitor or domestic TV ....................... 2. 52
Ch. 7 • Song Styles.............................................................................. 2. 53
Song Style Performances ..................................................................... 2. 53
Selecting and playing back Song Styles ............................................... 2. 53
Play along with the Song Style .............................................................. 2. 54
Song Style Recording ........................................................................... 2. 55
Listen to the recorded Song Style ......................................................... 2. 57
Programming the Song Style Performance ........................................... 2. 57
Clear Song Style ................................................................................... 2. 58
Song Style name ................................................................................... 2. 58
Ch. 8 • Programmable Styles (User) .................................................. 2. 59
User Style Recording ............................................................................ 2. 59
Understanding the Style structure and the Riff ..................................... 2. 59
Enter User Style Record mode and set the starting parameters ........... 2. 59
Start recording the User Style ............................................................... 2. 61
Listen to the User Style playback .......................................................... 2. 62
Editing your new User Style .................................................................. 2. 63
Overdub, Quantize, Clear Note, Clear Riff, Clear Tempo, Clear All Style 2. 63
Save your User Styles to disk ............................................................... 2. 64
Style Copy ............................................................................................. 2. 65
The User Style Performance ................................................................. 2. 65
Programming the User Style Performance ........................................... 2. 65
Naming your User Style ........................................................................ 2. 66
Recording Program Change data ......................................................... 2. 66
Recording Control data ......................................................................... 2. 66
Ch. 9 • Digital Signal Processor ........................................................ 2. 67
Reverb ................................................................................................... 2. 67
Chorus ................................................................................................... 2. 67
Assigning the effect types ..................................................................... 2. 67
How to select the effect types ............................................................... 2. 67
Deactivating (bypassing) the effects ..................................................... 2. 68
Adjusting the Send levels ...................................................................... 2. 68
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Contents iii
Ch. 10 • Midi/General ..........................................................................
Selection and modification of the Midi/General functions .....................
The General functions in detail .............................................................
MIDI and the MIDI functions ..................................................................
What is MIDI? ........................................................................................
The WK2 Or MIDI interface ...................................................................
About MIDI channels .............................................................................
The MIDIENT menu ..............................................................................
Midi programming procedure ................................................................
Principal MIDI applications ....................................................................
Piloting an expander (or other keyboard) with WK2 Or .........................
Piloting WK2 Or from a MIDI accordion ................................................
Using the WK2 Or in Song Mode with a computer or sequencer ..........
Piloting WK2 Or with a Master Keyboard ..............................................
System Exclusive (Generalmusic system exclusive) ............................
Ch. 11 • Sampling / Audio Vocal Processor ......................................
Samples bank .......................................................................................
Digital Audio Sampler ............................................................................
Activating and adjusting the Mic/Line signal .........................................
Sampling ...............................................................................................
Sampling procedure ..............................................................................
The Sample Edit parameters ................................................................
Cancelling samples ...............................................................................
Audio Vocal Processor (A.V.P.) .............................................................
Activating the Audio Vocal Processor ....................................................
Audio Vocal Processor Edit ...................................................................
The A.V.P. functions ..............................................................................
A.V.P. parameters memorized to the Performance ...............................
A.V.P general parameters .....................................................................
Panic function (Panel reset) ..................................................................
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• Reference Section
Technical Specifications ...................................................................... Ref. 2
Index ................................................................................................... Ref. 3
• Appendix
WK2 Oriental Sound table (GM - GMX - Sample) .................................. A. 1
Style - Song - Performance tables (Via Midi Common) ......................... A. 3
Reverb table ........................................................................................... A. 4
Chorus table .......................................................................................... A. 4
Drumkit Tables ....................................................................................... A. 5
Recognized chords - example in the key of C ........................................ A. 8
Recognized Control Change messages (MIDI Controllers) ................. A. 10
Control Change on tracks .................................................................... A. 10
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iv Contents
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Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the new WK2 Oriental from Generalmusic, a
workstation packed with features and functions that unite Oriental and Western
music.
WK2 Oriental offers high quality sounds, automatic accompaniments, an easyto-operate user interface, a dedicated Arabic Scale panel section, two Sound
Groups with 8 Arabic Sounds each, four Style Groups, each with 8 Oriental
Styles, an Arabic Drumkit and a special Oriental Demo Style.
Multimedia Workstation
The WK2 Oriental, available as standard and Hard Disk versions, is a Multimedia Workstation packed with an enormous database of Sounds and Styles,
to give musicians the essential tools for just about any situation.
Using the WK2 Oriental’s Multimedia facilities, you can sing following the lyrics
projected on a television (or other video projection device), connect a microphone or musical instrument to the MIC or LINE inputs of the Audio Vocal Processor (optional accessory) to sample the signals and process them with the
powerful on-board digital effects processors.
The Owner’s manual
To ensure long, trouble-free operation, please read this manual carefully. The
Quick Guide introduces you to the functions of each button on the control
panel and shows how to move around the display. Graphical illustrations are
included for better understanding of these examples. Once you are acquainted
with the instrument’s basic functions, use the User Guide to discover the full
potential of your WK2 Oriental. For convenience, the instructions refer the
instrument as the WK2 Or.
At the end of the manual is the Appendix containing various tables, MIDI information
and an index.
Specifications
•
Polyphony & multitimbricity
WK2 Or is 32 note polyphonic (maximum), 16 part multitimbral in Song
mode and 8 part multitimbral in Style mode. Each part corresponds to a
track. In Real Time mode the WK2 Or can play 4 tracks (maximum) at the
same time.
•
Sound Generation
The WK2 Or is a sound generator based on PCM and Wavetable technology. The instrument’s 32 oscillators generate “single” (32-note polyphonic)
or “layer” (16 note polyphonic) sounds.
•
ROM Sounds
The WK2 Or contains 460 Sounds, including 18 Drumkits, permanently
stored in ROM (Read Only Memory).
•
Sample-RAM
The battery-backed Sample-RAM can contain or disk-based Samples. If
you install the optional Audio Vocal Processor kit, you can sample sounds
fed into the Mic/Line inputs.
•
Arabic Scale
A special section consisting of twelve buttons arranged in keyboard octave
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Introduction 1•1
style and a set of buttons which provide several associated functions. Each
Arabic Scale button lowers the corresponding note of the keyboard by 1/4
of a tone in real time. The Arabic Scale Memory section provides 4 locations for preset Arabic Scales, a general Cancel button and a Store command.
•
Digital Signal Processor
WK2 Or features two on-board Digital Signal Processors, controlled in real
time. It is possible to memorize the assignments of two different effects (1
Reverb and 1 Modulation/Delay) in each Performance.
•
Sequencer
The on-board Sequencer allows you play the Styles and Song Styles using
a real time recording method and playback disk-based Songs. User-programmed sequence data are conserved in the battery-backed System-RAM.
•
Preload, Play Direct from Disk
The Preload function allows the background loading of Songs in WK, PK,
CD, GMX or SMF format while the sequencer is in play mode or while you
are playing in real time. The Play Direct from Disk feature allows you to
play Songs in the formats WK, PK, CD, GMX or SMF directly from disk
without first loading all the data into memory. This is particularly useful for
Songs and Midi files that are larger in terms of memory than the available
Sequencer memory.
•
ROM Styles and Programmable Styles
The WK2 Or features 96 ROM Styles (including 4 groups of Oriental Styles)
which provide automatic accompaniments for the three real time keyboard
sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). Each Style has 4 Variations consisting
of Basic, Intro, Fill and Ending patterns, totalling 40 different patterns.
It is also possible to record your own Styles (Programmable Styles). Up to
8 User Styles can be recorded and stored to memory (96 – 103).
•
Direct Style Memory and Direct Sound Memory sections
The WK2 Or allows you to select and memorize 16 Styles and 16 Sound
combinations in the direct access memory locations for quick access during
play, useful for live performances.
•
Disk Drive and Hard Disk
The Disk Drive is a device that permits the transfer of useful data to and
from Floppy Disks, allowing you to build a library of Songs, Styles, Performances and Samples. The WK2 Or can work MS-DOS formatted disks, either HD (1.44 MBytes) or DD (720Kbytes). The instrument can also use its
own format disks (HD and DD) which are completely MS-DOS compatible.
A Hard Disk (mounted in the WK2 Or HD version) is a high-speed access
device devised to store large amounts of data (Songs, Styles, Performances
and Samples) without having to use a large number of floppy disks. The
Hard Disk can also be partitioned into several sections.
•
Karaoke
The instrument’s incorporated Video Interface (RGB , S-VHS) allows you to
use the WK2 Or in Karaoke style: the lyrics of a Song or MIDI File can be
projected onto a Television screen (or other video device). The Video interface can be configured for different video standards (Europe and USA). To
read lyrics, the “TV” option must be enabled (ON) in the GENERAL page
and the supplied RGB/SCART cable must be connected to the television
set (set to AV mode).
•
Audio Vocal Processor
The Audio Vocal Processor (optional accessory) allows you to sing or play
through the internal pre-amplifier of the WK2 Or and process the signal with
the instrument’s internal digital effects processors. The signal fed into the
Mic/Line inputs can also be processed by the Audio Vocal Processor which
multiplies the signal to create harmonies (vocal or instrumental). With the
AVP it is also possible to sample the signal fed into the Mic/Line input.
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1•2 Introduction
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•
Updateable Operating System from floppy disk
The WK2 Or operating system resides in a flash ROM memory which allows the instrument’s memory to be instantly upgraded by simply inserting
a special floppy disk in the drive.
•
MIDI
Thanks to the fully implemented MIDI features, WK2 Or can act as a Master controlling device, or as a 16 part multitimbral slave device, regardless
of the current playing mode.
•
Direct Connection to a computer
As an alternative to the MIDI Interface; the Computer jack permits the connection of computers (Mac, PC or Atari) not fitted with a MIDI interface to
WK2 Or via a single serial cable. The communication speeds can also be
configured to suit your specific computer system.
Some useful preliminary notes
Please read the following important preliminary notes before getting into your
instrument.
Do not place floppy disks on top of speakers, near magnets, telephones, or
other sources of electromagnetic fields. The disk contents could be damaged.
Upgrading your instrument
To implement new functions in your instrument, you can upgrade your instrument as described below.
1. Before turning on the WK2 Or, insert the floppy disk containing the latest
release of the Generalmusic Operating System.
2. Turn on the instrument. The message “Load OS?” appears in the display.
3. Press ENTER to confirm (pressing ESCAPE cancels the operation).
4. After pressing ENTER, the display shows the message “Loading!”.
5. When the operation is complete, WK2 Or is ready to play.
NB. To check the date of the Operating System, select the last page of the
MIDI/GENERAL functions.
SYSTEM RESET
To restore the instrument’s factory set status (default settings), proceed as described below:
RECHARGEABLE BACK-UP BATTERY
The WK2 Or is fitted with a Ni-Cd rechargeable battery to retain data while the instrument
is off. The battery is recharged while the instrument is turned on (not just plugged in !).
When the instrument is turned off, data is conserved in memory for appriximately 30 days.
If the battery discharges after not using the
instrument for a long period of time, leave the
instrument on for at least 8/10 hours to recharge it completely.
1. Hold down the UPPER 1 activator button (located to the right of the
display) and simultaneously press the three buttons 2, 3 and 4 of the
PROGRAMMABLE PADS/VOCAL P. section.
The display shows the message “SysRESET” for a few seconds then sets
ready for playing.
01
Warning
The Reset operation cancels all user-programmed data contained in the instrument’s
RAM and restores the memory to factory conditions.
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Introduction 1•3
Quick Guide
This chapter explains briefly what each button and control does on the Front panel and explains more about
the jacks and connectors of the Rear panel.
Following this you’ll find information about setting the
instrument up and some basic operating instructions.
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6
1
5
2
Front Panel Layout WK2 Oriental
4
1. POWER ON/OFF. Push button to turn the instrument on and
off.
3
2. VOLUME. Slider to adjust the overall volume of the instrument (speakers, headphones, stereo aux out).
3. DIRECT STYLE MEMORY. Each of the 16 memory buttons
of this section memorize a preferred Style selected from the
ROM or User banks (the User Style must be in memory) for a
rapid recall. The overall configuration of both direct memory
sections (Style and Sound) can be stored to floppy disk or hard
disk for future loading.
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4. ARABIC SCALE. The control centre of all the Arabic Scale
functions: ARABIC SCALE: 12 buttons, arranged in keyboard octave style which lower the corresponding notes of the keyboard
by 1/4 of a tone in real time.
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5. ARABIC SCALE MEMORY. This section contains 4 memory
slots (1, 2, 3, 4) to select user-programmed Arabic scales, the
STORE button which memorizes user-programmed Arabic notes and a
general CANCEL button to cancel the current Arabic Scale selection.
off), selecting Styles recalls sounds for the accompaniment tracks while
those of the keyboard tracks remain unchanged.
6. STYLE/SONG. Numeric selection keypad to select the Styles (0095), User Styles (96-103), Song Styles (104-110) and Songs (111-117)
by specifying the corresponding Program change number using the
silkscreened Style / Song lists as a reference. Three digit selections are
specified by pressing the +100 button followed by the remaining two
digits.
11. PERFORMANCE RECALL/STORE PERF. PERFORMANCE RECALL:-
press the button then use the Function buttons 1…9 to recall Performances from the current Performance Group In this mode, you
can modify the performance parameters and save the changes using
the STORE PERF function. Other Performance Groups (7 groups in all)
are selected with the +/– buttons of the right numeric keypad. STORE
PERFORMANCE: press and hold the button to activate the Store Performance function which allows you to save your settings to the Performances and change the Performance name.
7. CURSOR/PAGE. Navigational arrows: the CURSOR [ ] and [ ] buttons select the functions listed in the MENU to the left of the display. The
currently selected function is indicated by the arrowhead in the display
which points to the name of the function. The PAGE [ ] and [ ] buttons
pass from function page to another.
12. DISPLAY. A coloured, backlit, LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) of the
multi-function type that simultaneously displays and provides access to
several parameters. This user interface displays the current situation of
the instrument at all times, showing the On/Off status of several panel
buttons be means of display indicators and icons which turn on or off.
The surrounding markings on the left and right also form part of the display area and are explained in detail in the relevant chapters further
ahead.
8. MELODY OFF. This button turns off the melody of a Song in playback, useful if a singer wants to sing along with the backing, or if you
want to play the melody yourself.
9. DEMO. Gains access to the demonstration Songs. After pressing
the button, use the buttons F1…F8 to select the individual demo songs.
Also included is an Oriental medley. Button F9 chains the 8 demo
songs into a single melody.
13. FUNCTION BUTTONS F1…F9 (S.T.PLAY/PERFORMANCE).
These buttons select Performances, Single Touch Play settings, Style
and Song Style tracks depending on the current status of the instrument.
10. SINGLE TOUCH PLAY. When On (display indicator on) ROM StylePerformance sounds are assigned to all the tracks when you select the
Styles. Selecting S.T.PLAY automatically enables the ARRANGE ON/OFF
and ARRANGE MEMORY functions and the Bass section (if active for live
play) is re-engaged to the Styles. When S.T.PLAY is on the 9 Function
buttons F1 … F9 recall nine different Single Touch Play ROM panel settings which differ according to the Style. When OFF (display indicator
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1•4 Quick Guide
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14. STYLE/TEMPO LOCK. STYLE LOCK: when on, selecting Performances recalls keyboard sounds only without changing Style. When off,
selecting Performances recalls keyboard and accompaniments sounds
and changes Style. TEMPO LOCK: when selected, the current Tempo setting is locked for all Style changes. When off, each Style recalls memo○
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rized Tempo data. In the Tempo Lock situation, the display flashes the
Tempo setting and the message “Loc” alternately.
15. PLAY ALL SONGS. Pressing this button when a disk containing
Songs or MIDI Files is inserted in the disk drive triggers the playback of
all the Songs or MIDI Files directly from disk or Hard Disk partition, playing them back one after the other as a medley.
16. UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER. These buttons activate (LED on) or
Mute (LED off) the respective keyboard sections.
17. FLOPPY DISK, HARD Disk. F Disk: This button gains access to
the file handling functions (Load, Save, Delete, Format, Utility) of the onboard disk drive. H Disk: Enters the Hard Disk operating functions (Load,
Save, Delete, Format and Utility) which allow you to organize the Hard
Disk data.
18. SOUND. Numeric selection keypad to select the Sounds (00-127),
including the Drumkits of banks 2, 3 and 4, by specifying the corresponding Program change number using the SOUND lists as a reference.
Three digit selections are specified by pressing the + 100 button followed by the remaining two digits. The Sound Banks (1, 2, 3 and 4) are
selected in cyclic order by simultaneously pressing the + and – buttons.
19. SEQUENCER. The buttons of this section are dedicated to the recording and playback of a Song Style. RECORD automatically sets the
sequencer for Song Style recording. PLAY/STOP starts and stops the Song
Style recording and playback.
20. UTILITY. 6 useful functions which affect the instrument in several
different ways. METRONOME activates/deactivates the metronome in playback and record mode. TOUCH allows you to set the keyboard sensitivity
with the Page buttons. HARMONY enables/disables the melody harmony
function according to the current Harmony Type. SUSTAIN applies the
sustain effect to the three keyboard sections (Upper 1, 2 and Lower).
REVERB activates/deactivates the Reverb effect processor. CHORUS activates/deactivates the Chorus effect processor (delay/modulations).
Holding the TOUCH, HARMONY, REVERB and CHORUS buttons pressed allows you to enter into the edit of the corresponding function.
21. SAMPLING (RECORD, SAMPLES). RECORD ACTIVATES THE SAMPLING
or a
musical instrument connected to the Mic/Line jack of the Vocal Processor interface (optional accessory). SAMPLES gains access to the SAMPLES bank (disk-based Samples can be loaded to the Sample bank
even if the Audio Vocal Processor is not installed).
PROCESS, ALLOWING YOU RECORD YOUR VOICE (THROUGH A MICROPhone)
22. PROGRAMMABLE PADS/VOCAL P. 4 buttons which provide
sounds or samples that can be played in real time in any mode. All
buttons are assignable (samples or percussive sounds). VOCAL PROCESSOR: when working with the Vocal Processor (optional accessory), each
pads gains access to a related function (Track Mute [Pad1], Equal/Mic
[Pad2], Edit [Pad3] and Vocal Mute [Pad4]).
23. DIRECT SOUND MEMORY. Each of the 16 memory buttons of this
section can memorize a preferred configuration of the Upper 1, Upper 2
and Lower sections (including Sound and Effects assignments, Volume
settings, etc.) for quick and easy selection during your live performances.
The overall memorized status of both direct memory sections can be
stored to floppy disk or hard disk for future loading.
24. TRANSPOSE b / #. Raises (#) or lowers (b) the pitch of the instrument as a whole in semitone steps, over a range of ±12 semitones.
Pressing both buttons at the same time resets to 0.
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Front & Rear panel 1•5
25. OCTAVE –/+. A Track octave transposer which transposes the selected track (the one shown flashing in the display) over the maximum
range of ±2 octaves. Pressing both + and – buttons at the same time
cancels the setting.
29. VARIATION 1, VARIATION 2. These 2 buttons allow you to change
the current Style Variation (the display indicator illuminates then goes
off). The current variation (1, 2) is indicated by the corresponding LED
which turns on.
26. TEMPO/DATA DIAL, ENTER, ESCAPE. TEMPO/DATA DIAL: in Song,
Song Style and Style modes, the Dial is active for Tempo changes. When
the instrument is set to one of the edit modes, the Dial operates as a data
entry device . ENTER confirms specified data in edit situations. ESCAPE
cancels specified data and/or escapes an edit situation.
30. FADE, FILL IN A, FILL IN B/TAP TEMPO. FADE: Starts and stops
a Style with a gradual increase or decrease of volume. Starting requires pressing the Start button. FILL IN A [ ] (Fill-to-current-variation):
recalls a Fill pattern then continues with the same Style variation. FILL IN
B [ ] (Fill-to-next-variation): - pressed during Style play (display indicator
turns on), it recalls a Fill pattern then passes to the next variation. TAP
TEMPO - sets the Style playing speed by tapping on the button and starts
the Style automatically. In Programmable Style mode, these 4 buttons
provide 4 functions which allows you to record User Styles (MODE, COPY,
CLEAR, QUANTIZE).
27. START/STOP, INTRO, ENDING, KEY START/CONTINUE. START/
STOP starts and stops the playback of a Style or Song Style and starts the
Song Style recording of the automatic accompaniment. INTRO places
the introduction of a Style on “standby” before Style start. ENDING stops
a Style with an Ending (the corresponding display indicator turns on).
KEY START synchronizes the start of a Style with a note (or chord) pressed
on the lower keyboard area. Pressing CONTINUE restarts a Song Style or
Song from the current stop point.
31. STYLE/SONG. A table listing all the Styles arranged in Groups.
Also included are 4 Arabic groups (Arab 1, 2, 3, 4 ), an Ethnic group (4
Greek and 4 Turkish Styles) and a User group (User Style, Song Style
and Song locations).
28. ARRANGER. 4 functions which control the Styles: ARRANGE ON/OFF
enables (LED On) or disables (LED Off) the Style arrangements. ARRANGE MEMORY, the Style arrangements continue playing (display indicator on) or stop (display indicator off) after releasing the keys from the
keyboard below the split point. LOWER MEMORY, the Sound assigned to
the Lower keyboard section continues playing (display indicator on) or
stops playing (display indicator off) after releasing the keys from the keyboard below the split point. BASS TO LOWEST, when on (LED on), the
Bass track of the Style auto accompaniment follows the lowest left note
of the chord played, allowing real time changes of the bass accompaniment according to the lowest note played. When off, the Bass track
follows the programmed pattern of the Style, regardless of the chord
inversion played.
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1•6 Quick Guide
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32. SOUND. A table listing all the Bank 1 Sounds arranged according to
General MIDI standards. Bank 2 and 3 sounds are not listed, except the
Drums Banks.
33. PITCH/MODULATION BALL. This physical controller is preset for
PITCH BEND (horizontal movements) and MODULATION (vertical movements)
which affect the Performance tracks enabled for one or both effects.
34. HEADPHONES. Jacks for headphones connection (optional). Connecting a pair of stereo headphones to the left jack automatically exclude the internal speakers (for silent playing). Connecting to the right
jack does not affect the internal speaker system.
35. DISK DRIVE. The Disk Drive is situated to the left of the instrument,
under the keyboard. This device works with 3.5" DD disks and 2HD
disks.
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Rear Panel (Connections)
1
2
3
4
5
1. AUDIO VOCAL PROCESSOR - Mic/Line - Gain (optional accessory). A Mic/Line interface which allows you to play through the instrument’s pre-amplifier and add vocal harmonies to your voice (or instrument sounds), processes the signals fed into the Mic/Line jacks with the
internal effects and allows you to sample the signals.
2. VIDEO (RGB, S-VHS). An Interface with RGB and S-VHS ports which
allows you to project song lyrics on a domestic television or RGB monitor. A special Scart video cable is supplied as a standard accessory.
3. PEDAL (Damper, Pedal, Volume). Jacks for the connection of Switch
action pedals (Damper, Pedal) and a continuous action pedal (Volume).
The DAMPER pedal (optional) allows you to sustain the notes played,
the Switch pedal (PEDAL jack - (optional) allows you to control various
functions (Switch UP1/2, Start/Stop, Fill A, Fill IN, Fill B, Intro, Ending),
the VOLUME pedal (optional) allows you to control the overall volume or
section volume.
6
8
7
4. COMPUTER. Serial port which permits the WK2 Or to be connected
directly to a computer (Apple Macintosh or IBM PC and compatibles).
Data interchange between the WK2 Or and PC or Mac requires appropriate setting in the General functions .
5. MIDI: A MIDI interface consisting of MIDI IN, MIDI OUT and MIDI
THRU ports to communicate with other external devices fitted with a
MIDI interface (keyboards, computers, etc.). A Midi cable is supplied with
the instrument.
6. INPUT (RIGHT/MONO - LEFT, VOLUME). Audio input jacks to allow
external instruments to play through the internal amplification of the WK2
Or. The input level can be controlled with the small Volume control knob.
7. OUTPUT (RIGHT/MONO - LEFT). Stereo audio outputs to allows
WK2 Or to play through an external amplification system (mixer, powered speakers, etc.).
8. AC POWER CONNECTOR. Connect the supplied power cord to this
connector and the other end to a suitable outlet
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Front & Rear panel 1•7
Setting up and getting to know the instrument
In this chapter, you’ll find step by step instructions on some basic functions that
will help you get to know your WK2 Oriental right away.
Connecting a set of headphones
If you prefer to play with headphones for high quality personal monitoring, plug
a standard stereo headphone set (8 Ω) into the rear panel PHONES jack.
Use the Master Volume slider to adjust the headphone volume.
HEADPHONES
CONNECTION
Connecting to an amplification system
If you want to unleash more power, you can connect to an external amplification system.
Before connecting audio cables, be sure that the power switch on the rear panel
is off and the master volume is at minimum.
Connect the audio cables to the stereo audio outputs (Right/M - Left) and the
other ends to your amplifier system. Use audio cables with standard 1/4” jacks.
To connect to domestic stereo units, use RCA jacks. For mono reproduction,
connect to the Right/M output jack.
Turn on the power
Connect the power cord to the rear panel mains socket and insert the other end
of the power cord into a suitable grounded wall outlet.
The Power On/Off button is situated on the left of the front panel, above the
Volume slider. Turn the power on only after all the connections to other equipment (amplifiers, Midi devices, etc.) have been made. Turn on the power of all
the other equipment connected to the WK2 Or.
After a short scanning period, the display will appear showing the default playing mode (Style/RealTime).
If you play on the keyboard, you will hear the KANOUN sound.
Playing, including Arabic Scale selection, is explained afterwards.
WK2 Oriental - Power-up status (default)
When you turn your instrument on the first time after unpacking it, or after every
System Reset operation, WK2 Or defaults to Real Time Mode with the first
Performance from Perf Group 1 ready to play. The default display is shown
above.
Adjusting the volume
Adjust the general volume of the instrument with the VOLUME panel slider.
If you are using headphones, you should find that about three quarter volume is
a comfortable listening level.
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1•8 Quick Guide
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EXTERNAL
AMPLIFICATION
CONNECTION
Play with Pitch Bend and/or Modulation
TRACKBALL
While you play, you can apply Pitch Bend and/or Modulation to the WK2 Or
sounds simply by moving the Trackball.
•
To obtain Pitch Bend, move the Trackball left or right.
•
To obtain Modulation, move the Trackball up or down.
Pitch Bend is a “glide” (or glissato) effect which simulates the effect that
certain instruments can produce (trombone, guitar, violin, etc.).
Modulation is an effect which simulates the natural vibrato of such instruments as the violin, cello, human voice, etc..
MODULATION
PITCH BEND
Playing with or without the Effects
Whether you are playing single Sounds, Performances etc., you’ll find that in all
cases one or more effects will be applied to the sounds you are playing. If you
prefer to play without effects, you can instantly bypass the internal digital effects processors by deactivating the corresponding button (REVERB and CHORUS)
When the corresponding display indicator is on, all the Sounds of the Performance will play with their programmed effects.
When the corresponding display indicator is off, the sounds will play “dry” (without effects).
Adjust the general Effect Volumes
REVERB &
CHORUS OFF
REVERB &
CHORUS ON
It is possible to adjust the general effect volumes to suit the surroundings.
Although the Performances recall appropriate effect volume and mixer settings
for each part, a general setting can be applied to render the general Effect
Volume more or less intense by means of a single command.
1. Move the left arrowhead next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu function with
the Cursor [ ] or [ ] buttons.
The display shows the first function of the Midi/General menu:
2. With the Page [ ] button select the REVERB or CHORUS menu.
GENERAL
EFFECT VOLUME
3. Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change the value
of the Reverb (or Chorus) parameter.
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Setting up 1•9
Connect the pedals
If you have purchased the optional Generalmusic pedals (volume pedal and
footswitch type pedals), plug them into the jacks on the rear connections panel
of the WK2 Or: Damper, Pedal and Volume.
The pedals can be configured to provide the following functions:
Damper =
Damper [sustain] (non-programmable).
Pedal
=
Switch Upper 1/2, Start/Stop, Fill<, Fill, Fill>, Intro, Ending, Vocal Mute (programmable).
Volume =
Master Volume or Section volume (programmable).
Your pedal assignments are global and do not require being stored to the Performances.
The Damper and Volume pedals can be independently enabled or disabled for
Upper1, Upper 2 and Lower sections of a Performance.
Play the Programmable Pads
•
Strike the Pads freely.
While you play keyboard sounds, you can add additional sounds in real
time by striking the PADS. In defualt conditions, aach PAD provides a different Arabic sound. See the Programmable Pads chapter for details regarding how to assign sounds to the Pads.
Note: If you have installed the Audio Vocal Processor accessory (optional)
the Pads gain access to the A.V.P. functions in vocal P mode (see the Programmable Pads/Vocal Processor chapter).
Transposing the instrument up or down
The TRANSPOSE b/# panel buttons allow real time pitch adjustments (transpositions) in steps of one semitone (range ± 12 semitones = 1 octave). The
tranposition is global, affecting the instrument as a whole. How to transpose a
separate performance part (or track) is explained in the Performance chapter.
1. Press either TRANSPOSE # or TRANSPOSE b to raise (#) or lower (b)
the pitch.
Play on the connected keyboard and you’ll hear that the pitch of the instrument is instantly raised (#) or lowered (b) one step and the display TRANSPOSE section will show the current Transpose value (0 = standard pitch).
TRANSPOSE INDICATOR
Every time you press TRANSPOSE b the display shows a decrease of one
semitone.
Every time you press TRANSPOSE # the display shows an increase of one
semitone.
Holding either button pressed changes the value continually until the maximum transpose value of +12 or –12 is reached.
Clear the keyboard transpose setting
2. Press both TRANSPOSE buttons at the same time to reset the pitch to
normal.
Note: Pressing both TRANSPOSE b/# buttons at the same time activates
the MIDI PANIC function which sends the “all notes off” and “reset all controllers” messages to all connected MIDI devices.
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1•10 Quick Guide
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Transposing by octaves
The OCTAVE +/– panel buttons allow real time octave shifting of a Performance section, up to a maximum range of +/– 2 octaves (± 24 semitones). The
setting can be memorized to the current Performance with the STORE PERF
button.
1. Select a track whose octave setting you wish to change by pressing the
correponding function button.
The name of the track starts to flash.
2. Press either the OCVATE + or OCTAVE – button as many times as necessary to shift the octave setting accordingly.
The display shows the octave setting for about 2 seconds, then returns to
the previoius situation.
If you want to memorize the new octave setting, save the Performance with
Store Perf.
Clear the section octave setting
2. Press both OCTAVE buttons at the same time to reset the section pitch
to normal.
Listen to the Demo Styles
At any moment you can listen to the automatic playback of your WK2 Or to get
an idea of what the instrument is capable of doing.
1. Press the DEMO button to set the instrument to Demo mode.
2. Select one of the 8 buttons under the display (F1…F8). In this example
we press F1 for an Oriental Demo.
The corresponding Demo song starts to play. When it reaches the end it
stops automatically.
Each button corresponds to a Demo Song.
To listen to the chained demo songs
3. Press button F9 to listen to all the Demo Songs chained into a medley
(All:DemoShow).
4. To stop the Demo Song at any point, press the same Function button, or
the DEMO button to escape Demo mode.
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Setting up 1•11
Song Play - Direct from Disk or Hard Disk
WK2 Or can play a Song in GMX, WK2, PK7, WK3, CD or Standard MIDI File
[SMF] format directly from disk, without loading the data to memory beforehand.
Have a WK2, PK7, WK3, CD or SMF format Song disk ready.
1. Insert the disk into the disk drive.
Refer to the section “General Disk handling information” in the Disk & Hard
Disk chapter for information regarding the precautions to take when inserting and extracting floppy disks from the drive.
2. Press the F DISK button.
If you working on the Hard Disk, press the H DISK button, select a partition
with the Dial or the +/– buttons of the right keypad (Sound) and press ENTER to access the partition. (See the Disk & Hard Disk chapter for more
details).
The first available Song or MIDI file is shown at the top of the display.
The DISK icon is displayed and the right display arrowhead points to the
LOAD function in the DISK menu.
3. Rotate the DIAL (or use the +/– buttons of the right keypad) to scroll
through all the files present on disk (or in the H.D. partition) until the
display shows the file that you want to listen to.
4. Press PLAY/STOP or START/STOP to start the playback directly from
disk.
The message “Wait!!” appears for a few seconds then playback begins.
Note: While the “WAIT!!!” message is shown, it is possible to cancel the
operation with the ESCAPE or START/STOP buttons.
Alternatively, you can use the PLAY ALL SONGS button to play all the songs
or Midi Files on disk (or Hard Disk partition). See “PLAY ALL SONGS” in the
Disk & Hard Disk chapter.
5. To stop the “direct” playback at any time, press STOP or START/STOP.
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1•12 Quick Guide
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Note: How to load Songs to memory is explained in the Disk & Hard Disk chapter.
Playing WK2 Oriental
After turning your WK2 Or on for the first time, the display will show the following situation (default):
Play in real time
1. Play on the keyboard.
You will hear the “Kanoun1” sound play across the full keyboard extension.
The group of Keyboard Activators (Upper 2, Upper 1, Lower) shows Upper
1 selected (LED on), indicating that the UPPER 1 keyboard section is active
to play.
<--------------------- Kanoun --------------------->
2. Press UPPER 2.
A second sound (Strings) is introduced, layered with the first across the
entire keyboard.
Pressing a single note on the keyboard plays two sounds simultaneously.
The group of Keyboard Activators (Upper 2, Upper 1, Lower) shows Upper
1 and Upper 2 selected (LEDs on).
<--------------------- Kanoun --------------------->
<--------------------- Strings2 -------------------->
3. Press LOWER and play with both hands.
A third sound (HaloPad) is introduced and the keyboard is now divided with
a Split Point at note F#3. The LOWER keyboard plays over the range C2 F#3. The UPPER 1 and UPPER 2 sections are assigned to the range G3 C7. This keyboard mode is called SPLIT mode.
The group of Keyboard Activators (Upper 2, Upper 1, Lower) shows Upper
1, Upper 2 and Lower selected (LEDs on).
Play manual Bass
<- HaloPad -><------------ Kanoun ------------>
<------------ Strings2 ----------->
In Real Time Mode, WK2 Or adds a fourth Sound to the keyboard, allowing you
to play bass manually.
4. Press Function button F2 twice and play again with both hands.
The display shows the activation of the Bas section with the BAS symbol
above the BASS track.
MANUAL
BASS
INDICATOR
A fourth sound (PickBass) is now added to the other three. You will hear a
layered combination of two sounds on the right and a layered combination
of two sounds on the left (below note F#3).
<- HaloPad -><------------ Kanoun ------------>
<- PickBass -><----------- Strings2 ----------->
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Setting up 1•13
5. Deactivate LOWER (if on) and play on the keyboard.
The LED of the Lower button goes off and the Upper 1 and 2 sounds will
play together with the Bass Sound. If you now deactivate both Upper 1 and
Upper 2 section, the Bass sound will play across the entire keyboard.
It is also possible to set WK2 Or to power up with the Manual Bass active by
memorizing the corresponding panel situation in the power-up Performance.
Manual Bass is governed by the AUTO MANUAL BASS option under the
ARRANGE MODE function (see the Styles chapter). The default setting of
AUTO MANUAL BASS is ON.
Play with a Preset Arabic Scale
The Arabic Scale Memory section contains 4 preset (ROM) Arabic Scales (factory-set which cannot be permanently erased from memory).
1. Press one of the 4 Arabic Scale Memory buttons (1, 2, 3, 4) to select a
preset Arabic Scale.
The corresponding LED turns on. At the same time, one or more buttons of
the ARABIC SCALE section activate (shown by the corresponding LED) to
identify the Arabic notes.
The pitch of the Arabic notes will be lowered by 1/4 of a tone. Recalling an
Arabic Scale affects the keyboard on a global basis, regardless of th ecurrent
mode.
2. To recall a different preset Arabic scale, simply press one of the other
Memory buttons.
The previous button will cancel and the Arabic Scale will change configuration according to which Memory button is pressed.
3. To cancel the selected Arabic Scale, press the Cancel button.
The preset Arabic Scale cancels and restores the instrument to the normal
(equal) playing scale.
Refer to the Arabic Scale chapter for more information regarding the selection and programming of Arabic Scales.
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1•14 Quick Guide
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The basics of the WK2 Oriental
In this chapter, you’ll find basic information which will help you to understand
the structure of the instrument.
The panel layout allows simple and direct access to all the functions and the
backlit LCD graphic display tells you where you are at all times, using simple
terminology combined with easy to understand graphics.
The graphic LCD Display
The WK2 Or has a large, three-coloured, backlit liquid crystal display of the
multifunction type which simplifies all your operations. Each time you turn the
instrument on, the display will be in the Style/RealTime mode showing the last
sound memorized to the starting Performance ready to play. This user interface is divided into 6 zones:
MENU (left)
INDICATORS (left)
MODE
CENTRAL DISPLAY AREA
INDICATORS (right)
DISK
1) Menu (left)
This is a list of functions which are accessed by moving the cursor’s arrowhead
[ ] next to the name of the desired function using the CURSOR [ ] and [ ]
buttons. The movement of the arrowhead is cyclic: once it reaches the top or
bottom, it continues its course by appearing at the other extreme end of the list.
Once selected, you can select the various parameters of the function with the
PAGE [ ] and [ ] buttons.
2) Indicators (left)
These indicators show the on/off status of the corresponding panel buttons.
For example, if you are playing a Style and decide to change variation by pressing
one of the Variation buttons, the VARIATION indicator turns on for the entire
transition period from one Variation to another.
3) Central display area
This large area is further subdivided into several smaller zones:
• The ACTIVE/MUTE status, the Sound number and Volume level (bar graph)
of the tracks (Style accompaniment and real time keyboard);
• The type of chord played with the left hand for the accompaniment;
• The on/off status of the Metronome;
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Basic concepts 1•15
•
•
•
•
•
The Tempo setting and relative beat monitor;
The Floppy Disk icon or Hard Disk indicator;
The Master Transpose setting;
The sequencer measure counter;
A 3-digit display showing the number of the current Sound, Perf, Style or
Song, or the value or status of the current function;
An 8-digit display showing the name of the current Sound, Style, Performance, Song, or Function.
•
4) Indicators (right)
These indicators show the on/off status of the corresponding panel buttons.
For example, if you press the REVERB button, the REVERB indicator turns on
for the entire period that you are making changes to the selected effect processor.
5) Mode
These names correspond to the 3 real time keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper
2, Lower). When the arrowhead appears next to a name, the corresponding
keyboard section is selected. If the LED of the corresponding button is on, the
selected section is active for play, if off, the section is mute. To move the arrowhead next to the name of a section, press the corresponding button as many
times as necessary (once or twice). A selected section can be modified (a
change of sound, volume, etc.), regardless of its active/mute status. The on/off
status of these three keyboard sections determine the keyboard sound combinations (single, layer or split) and the keyboard mode (Full or Split).
6) Disk
This is the list of operations available when working with Floppy disks or the
Hard Disk. Once you press the F DISK or H DISK button, the arrowhead points
automatically to the LOAD operation and the CURSOR [ ] and [ ] buttons
select the type of operation required (Load, Save, Delete, Format, Utility). In
Hard Disk operations, press ENTER to enter the current partition before selecting the desired operation.
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1•16 Quick Guide
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Selection, Navigation and Data Entry
Selection - the Style/Song and Sound keypads and the Direct Style
and Direct Sound Memory buttons
In Style/RealTime, Performance and Song modes, the DIAL changes the Tempo
setting and the CURSOR [ ] and [ ] buttons select the menu functions. The
principal selection devices in these modes are:
• The Style/Song and Sound selection keypads (to the left and right of the
display).
The Style/Song keypad selects Songs, Styles, User Styles (if in memory)
and Song Styles (if present in memory).
The Sound keypad selects Sounds. Also, for stepping through sounds,
styles, etc., in single steps, you can use the increase (+) and decrease (–)
buttons of the Sound keypad.
•
The Direct Style and Direct Sound Memory buttons.
With the 16 Direct Style Memory buttons, you can quickly recall as many
Styles as there are buttons. The overall configuration can be changed and
stored to Disk or Hard Disk partition.
With the 16 Direct Sound Memory buttons can:
• recall as many sound combinations relating to the keyboard sections (up
to 3 sections) as there are buttons;
• recall as many different panel settings as there are buttons;
The Style or Sound group names of both the Direct Memory section help
remember the location of a preferred Style or Sound combination. For example, the sound “Nylon” can be saved to the Guitar group button and so
on....
Navigation and Data Entry - the Dial, the Cursor buttons and the
sound keypad
In the function Edit modes, the CURSOR buttons become the principal navigation tools and the DIAL operates as the principal data entry device. A secondary data entry device is the right selection keypad which enters absolute numeric data.
The CURSOR [ ] and [ ] buttons select the menu functions. Once a Menu
function is selected, in most cases it will consist of several “pages”, each showing a parameter, which are selected using the PAGE [ ] and [ ] buttons. A small
left or right arrowhead (< / >) representing the cursors tell you at a glance whether
or not additional features are present. The > arrowhead means that there are
other features are available using the PAGE [ ] button, the < arrowhead means
that no other features are available but you can scroll backwards with the PAGE
[ ] button.
The parameter value, shown in the 3-digit display, is changed continually with
the DIAL. Parameters with ON/OFF settings, or other non-numeric situations
such as the serial port settings PC1, PC2, MAC, etc., are changed with the
DIAL.
A secondary data entry device is the right numeric keypad (Sound) which enters specific values in many situations. The +/– buttons of this keypad enters
values in single steps; the + button in increasing steps, the – button in decreasing steps.
Several panel buttons, if held pressed for about 2 seconds, gain direct access
to the edit of the corresponding function. These buttons are:
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Basic concepts 1•17
PERFORMANCE RECALL/STORE PERF, STYLE/TEMPO LOCK, ARRANGE
ON/OFF, HARMONY, REVERB, CHORUS, VOCAL P. (only if the optional Audio Video Processor is installed) and RECORD (sequencer).
Enter / Escape
Generally, ENTER confirms an operation and the values assigned to modified
parameters. In some function pages, Enter confirms a parameter value and
executes an operation (for example, a Load operation in the Disk environment).
Enter also gains entry to the Disk or MIDI environment.
ESCAPE cancels a selected operation or the values assigned to a selected
parameter.
Text entry
In name writing situations (Performances, User Styles, Song Styles, Disk or
Hard Disk Save operations, the keyboard activates as a source of alphanumeric data. Each note of the keyboard corresponds to a letter of the alphabet
or a number.
The + and – buttons of the right numeric keypad move the flashing cursor (which
marks the character entry position) left or right.
Up to 7 characters can be entered for a name (8 characters in F Disk and H
Disk mode).
The following illustration shows the configuration of the alphanumeric data of
the keyboard.
The notes on the extreme left provide some word processing functions:
• D2:
CAPS - Toggles between Capitals On and Capitals Off.
• D#2:INS/OVER - Toggles between Insert and Overwrite. Insert inserts a
character between two entries. Overwrite cancels a character at the cursor position. By default, the status of this
parameter is in “Overwrite” mode.
• E2:
SPACE - inserts a space
• F2:
DELETE - cancels an entry at the flashing cursor position.
• G2:
<— (BACKSPACE) - cancels the previous entry.
Text entry procedure
1. Select the element whose name you wish to change (Performance, Song
Style, User Style, or the SAVE operation of the F Disk or H Disk sections). In this example we select a Performance (press Performance
Recall):
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1•18 Quick Guide
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2. Press the Page [ ] button once to select the name write page.
(To enter file names in Disk mode, refer to the Disk chapter for specific
information).
Flashing
The first character (in this case letter “K”) will flash, indicating that it is active
for a change or letter.
Note: In Name writing situations, the small
“0” symbol stands for “Overwrite”.
3. Press a note of the keyboard to enter the letter, number or symbol required.
4. Move the flashing cursor which marks the entry position right or left with
the + and – buttons of the right numeric keypad.
5. When you have written the name, hold down the STORE PERF button
to save the name.
6. Press ENTER to confirm the operation and store the name.
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Basic concepts 1•19
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1•20 Quick Guide
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User Guide
This section of the owner’s manual explains all you need to know about your
WK2 Oriental.
The subjects discussed here are:
1. Sounds, Samples and Drumkits
2. Performances.
3. Arabic Scale and Memory
4. Styles (ROM).
5. Disk & Hard Disk
6. Songs.
7. Songs Styles.
8. User Programmable Styles
9. Effects.
10. Midi / General.
11. Sampling / Audio Vocal Processor.
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Sounds 2•1
Ch. 1 • Sounds
This section explains how to select a single Sound and assign it to one of the
keyboard sections in Style/RealTime mode. The same method can then be
applied for sound changes in the Performances, Styles, User Styles, Song Styles
and Songs.
Important: All examples in this section require that the WK2 Oriental be in
Style/RealTime mode. If you are uncertain how to return the instrument to
Style/RealTime mode, simply turn the unit on from scratch. Better still if you
reset the instrument (see the System Reset function on page 1.4).
The display should look like this...
The UPPER 1 button should be active (LED on), the UPPER2 and LOWER
buttons should be off (LED off) and the ARRANGE ON/OFF button should be
disabled (LED off).
LED off
Sounds, Drumkits and the Sound Banks
The 460 WK2 Or Rom Sounds have been divided into six “families” called
BANKS. Banks 1, 2 and 3 each contain 128 GMX standard Sounds. GMX is
Generalmusic’s own standard set of sounds which are included in the most
recent Generalmusic products. The first Bank (1) contains the industry standard General MIDI sound library. This family is designed to be used when the
WK2 Or is required to play General MIDI song disks or when the instrument is
being controlled by a computer program or some other device which requires a
General MIDI sound library. The second and third Banks (2 & 3) contain sounds
taken from Generalmusic’s own extensive sound library. These sounds, along
with the sounds in Bank 1, ensure compatibility with Generalmusic’s own GMX
song library, and also with song disks created on other Generalmusic instruments. All the Sound in Banks 1, 2 and 3 are organized into 16 instrument
family Groups (Piano, Chromatic, Organ, etc.). Bank 4 contains two Groups of
Arabic sounds (Ethnic and SFX Groups) and an Arabkit (Percussive).
Bank 5 is reserved for Samples (see Samples further ahead).
Bank 6 contains an additional 60 Sounds, but these are not organized in instrument family groups and they are available via MIDI only.
Among the instrumental Sounds are 18 Drumkits (Percussive Group, Pr. Ch.
112 - 119) - from Standard to Jazz, from Orchestral to Techno. Of these, 16 are
housed in Banks 2 and 3, 1 in Bank 4 (ArabKit, P. Ch. 119) and 1 in Bank 6
(DrumSFX, P. Ch. 112).
The current Bank number is shown in the bottom right hand corner of the display, to the left of the Upper 1 track area. When Bank 6 Sounds are being used
via MIDI, the display shows the numbers 4 and 2 at the same time. When you
access the Samples bank (Bank 5), the display shows the Bank numbers 4 and
1 at the same time.
Samples
The WK2 Or can load new disk-based sound samples into memory (Sample
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2•2 User Guide
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LED on
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BANK number
RAM) which can then be assigned to the Performance parts and Style tracks,
just like any other Sound. Access to the Samples bank is via the SAMPLES
button of the SAMPLING section. You can load disk-based Samples which
occupy locations 1 - 7 and recall them using the + and – buttons of the right
numeric keypad after accessing the Samples bank.
If you have installed the optional Audio Vocal Processor accessory, you can
record your own sample using the Sampling application and edit it with the
special sample edit features. The user sample is stored to location 8 of the
Sample memory. Any other disk-based samples currently residing in the first 7
locations of the Sample bank are automatically erased by the new user-recorded sample. Refer to the Vocal Processor chapter for detailed information if
you have installed the A.V.P. device.
The Sample-RAM is backed by an internal battery which maintains data after
turning the instrument off.
SAMPLES BANK
KEYBOARD
SECTIONS
The three Real Time Keyboard sections
When you turn the instrument on for the first time, or after a Reset operation,
WK2 Or sets to Style/RealTime mode. This mode allows you to play up to 3
keyboard sounds in real time, either in single, layer or split mode. The real time
keyboard sections correspond to the Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower tracks (F9,
F8 and F7 respectively) and can be combined in several different ways by means
of the keyboard Activators LOWER, UPPER 2, UPPER 1 located to the right of
the display. Each button has its own On/Off LED indicator.
The configuration of these three keyboard activators also determines the keyboard mode: FULL and SPLIT.
KEYBOARD
ACTIVATORS
Manual Bass
In Real Time Mode, WK2 Or adds a fourth Sound to the keyboard, allowing you
to play bass manually. This section can be activated by pressing the Function
button corresponding to the Bass track (F2) as many times as necessary until
the BAS symbol is displayed above the BASS track.
Refer to the Arrange Mode paragraph in the Style chapter for more details regarding the Manual Bass section.
MANUAL BASS
INDICATOR
The Keyboard modes - Full and Split
Full Mode allows you to play either a single Sound or two layered Sounds
across the entire range of the keyboard. This mode corresponds to the situation when the Upper 1 and/or Upper 2 keyboard sections are active (LEDs on),
the Lower section is disabled (LED off) and the Arrange On/Off button is disabled (LED off). If you activate the Lower button (LED on), the keyboard splits
at note B3, the Lower keyboard sound plays on the left side of the keyboard
and the Upper 1 and/or Upper 2 sections play on the right (Split mode).
Split Mode corresponds to the situation when the keyboard is divided into two
parts, allowing you to play two (or three) different sounds simultaneously: one
on the left (Lower) and one (or two) on the right (Upper 1 and/or Upper 2). For
real time playing you can activate Split Mode simply by pressing the LOWER
button (LED on).
You can also split the keyboard by pressing the Arrange On/Off button - you
would need to do this to play with Styles (see the Styles chapter). Therefore, if
you are in Full mode (with Lower off) and you activate the Arrange On/Off button, the left zone of the keyboard will be mute while the right side of the keyboard will play the Upper 1 and 2 sounds. If you now press the Lower button,
the Lower sound will play.
<------------------------- FULL MODE ------------------------->
(Upper 1, Upper 2)
SPLIT MODE
<------- Lower ------> <------- Upper 1 &/or Upper 2 ------->
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Sounds 2•3
The keyboard Activators - the possible configurations
The possible configurations of the keyboard sections for real time playing obtained by changing the on/off status of the three keyboard activators are as
follows:
When ARRANGE ON/OFF button is disabled (LED off);
a) UPPER 1 only on: one Sound across the entire keyboard;
b) UPPER 2 only on: one Sound across the entire keyboard;
c) UPPER 1 and 2 both on: two Sounds layered across the entire keyboard;
d) UPPER 1 and LOWER on: one Sound on the left split and one Soundon
the right;
e) UPPER 1 and LOWER on: one Sound on the left split and one Sound on
the right;
f) UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER all on: one Sound on the left split, two
layered Sounds on the right.
Examples of how to change the keyboard sound configuration in real time using
the keyboard activators is explained on pages 14 and 15 of the Qiuck Guide
chapter.
Selecting Sounds
When you want to change a Sound of one of the real time keyboard sections
(Upper 1,Upper 2, Lower), the keyboard section must be selected. In order to
be heard, the selected section must also be active for play.
For this example, check that the Upper 1 section is selected and active. To be
selected, the Upper 1 LED must be on. To be active, the black display arrowhead on the right must point to UPPER 1 in the Mode Menu. If this is not the
case, press the UPPER 1 activator as many times as necessary (once or twice).
All other keyboard sections should be off (LED off).
Assigning Sounds in Performance and Style modes is explained in the relevant
chapters.
Note: You can also select the keyboard sections using the corresponding Function button (F7, F8, F9); the name in the display will flash but, unless the arrowhead is pointing to the name of the selected section in the Mode list and the
LED of the corresponding activator is on, whatever sound change you make
will not be heard.
Sounds can be selected in three different ways.
1. Directly entering a Sound number on the Sound numeric keypad
This method is the quickest way to go directly to the sound you need but,
first, you must know the exact number (Pr Change) and location (Bank) of
the sound you need, therefore if you are not sure, check either the SOUND
LIST on the top right of the control panel (Bank 1 sounds) or the Sound
tables in the Appendix for the sound number and bank.
Before specifying the number, check that you have set the correct Bank by
pressing both the + and – buttons of the right keypad at the same time.
Every time you press these two buttons together, you switch Bank and the
corresponding Bank number is shown in the bottom right hand corner of the
display.
Now specify your number on the keypad. For a two-digit number (from 00 99) simply press the first digit followed by the second. For a three-digit
number (100 - 127), first press the +100 button, then the two remaining
digits one after the other.
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2•4 User Guide
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LED off
Example: How to directly select the Arabic sound AOUD from the keypad.
AOUD is sound number 105 in the Bank number 4. In default conditions,
Bank 4 should appear in the bottom right hand corner of the display.
1. Check that BANK 4 is currently selected.
If not, press both the + and – buttons of the right keypad until Bank 4 is
shown in the bottom right hand corner of the display.
2. Press the 100+ button of the numeric keypad.
3. Specify the number “05” by pressing the “0” button followed by button
“5”.
The sound AOUD will be assigned to the Upper 1 keyboard section.
Use the same procedure to assign a different Sound to another selected
and active keyboard section.
2. In Single steps
Using the increase (+) or decrease (–) buttons of the right numeric keypad
(Sound) you can step through individual sounds one by one.
For example, from the sound AOUD selected above, press the + button
once to select the sound 106 NAY, or press the – button once to select the
sound 104 KANOUN.
Note: In Bank 4, there are only 17 Sounds (including 1 Arab drumkit). Check
the Sound lists in the Appendix for the corresponding Program Change numbers.
3. Pressing one of the Direct Sound Memory buttons
The 16 Direct Sound Memory buttons recall Sounds.
Strictly speaking, this method, although capable of assigning a single sound, is best used to recall up to 3 keyboard sounds in a single step (a
Performance).
See the Performance chapter for more details.
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Sounds 2•5
Ch. 2 • Performances
A Performance is a combination of up to 16 sounds and various settings (arabic
scale, track volumes, effect selections, effect levels, etc.). Whatever mode you
are currently playing in (Style/RealTime, Song Style or Song), the combination
of sounds recalled is determined by the Performance being “carried” by the
element you are using.
In a Performance, each constituent sound is assigned to a Part. A Performance can contain as little as only one Part or as many as 16 Parts. Regardless
of how many Parts the current mode is using, you will always be able to view 16
Parts within your Performance. This is particularly useful for MIDI setups because it allows the instrument to be used as a 16 part sound generator, regardless of the current status. If you are playing in real time or with the Styles, the
configuration of parts 9-16 does not influence either playing mode, but if you
are programming the WK2 Or for use as a multi-timbral slave device, all 16
parts are taken into consideration.
Performances can store the current status of the panel buttons and information
pertaining to the Parts that make up a Performance to play in real time and with
Styles. Performances memorize volume and effect settings, Arabic Scale configurations, the status of the controllers (Pedals, Trackball), the MIDI channel
configuration, the active/mute status of the parts, the Tempo setting and more.
By selecting a Performance, all the settings memorized to the Performance are
recalled in a single step.
The Structure of the Performances
RealTime Performances
A RealTime Performance is a 3 or 4 part (maximum) structure which recalls a
combination of the three keyboard sounds (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) plus Manual
Bass for realtime playing. Also recalled is a panel setting, a Style and Style
Variation and the Tempo setting.
Pressing the PERFORMANCE RECALL button will put the WK2 Or in Performance play mode. In this way you can scroll through all 63 Performances which
already exist in memory. The WK2 Or Performances are arranged in 7 Groups
of 9 Performances each. The Groups are selected with the +/– buttons of the
right keypad and the Performances are recalled with the F1…F9 buttons.
All the preset Realtime Performances are programmable, meaning that you
can modify them to make your own Performances and store them to the same
Performance locations. The original factory Performances are temporarily lost,
but they can be restored at any time with the INIT Performance operation found
under the Midi/General function (the INIT [initialize] operation is explained at
the end of this chapter).
Style Performance
A Style Performance is an 8 part (maximum) structure: 3 realtime parts (the
keyboard sections) and 5 parts engaged by the sequencer for the auto accompaniment patterns (Drums, Bass, Acc. 1, Acc. 2, Acc. 3).
See the Styles chapter for more details.
Song Style Performances
A Song Style Performance is an 8 part (maximum) structure entirely engaged
by the sequencer to create an 8 track song: 3 recorded realtime tracks and 5
style accompaniment tracks. Every time you record a Song Style, an appropriate Song Style performance is made.
See the Song Style chapter for more details.
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2•6 User Guide
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Song Performance
A Song Performance is a 16 part (maximum) structure entirely engaged by the
sequencer to create a 16 track song. Each Song loaded or played back from
disk recalls its own Song performance.
See the Song chapter for more details.
Parts and Tracks
These two terms are frequently used to describe the same thing. Generally,
when talking of Performances, we use the term “Part” to describe the smallest
part of the Performance; when talking of the sequencer, we refer to the parts as
“tracks” which the sequencer engages to generate the recordings (the Style
auto accompaniments or Songs). For convenience, in the Performance programming explanations further ahead, the term “Part” is substituted by “Track”
because most of the changes would apply to the elements exploited by the
sequencer (Styles, Song Styles and Songs).
Selecting RealTime Performances
Select a Performance when you want to change the entire keyboard sound
combination, not just a single sound.
Note: The Performances can also change the Sound combination of the Styles,
but this is discussed in detail in the Style chapter.
The Performances can be recalled using two methods:
1. Using the Function buttons (F1 - F9) and the +/– Sound keypad buttons
1. Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL button to activate Performance
mode.
The left arrowhead ponts to the PERFORMANCE Menu function and the
display shows the Performance name and number and the Group number
relating to the current Performance (for example: 1F1:Kanoun).
You can also enter Performance mode by moving the arrowhead with the
Cursor [ ] or [ ] buttons. The result will be the same.
2. Select one of the 9 Performances of the current Group with the corresponding Function buttons (F1 … F9) under the display.
For example, if you press function button F1, the Performance recalled will
be Kanoun. This Performance corresponds to the default power-up Performance that is shown every time you turn the instrument on.
The Group number (from1 - 7) and Performance number (from F1 - F9), is
shown in the 3 digit display and remains the same until you change Group
and Performance. The Performance name is shown in the 8 digit display.
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Performances 2•7
3. To change Performance Group (7 Groups), use the + and – buttons of
the right keypad.
Using the + and – buttons selects the Performance Groups sequentially in
increasing or decreasing order of Group number (1 - 7).
The Dial changes the Tempo setting.
Selecting Performances using this method can recall:
• combinations of up to 3 keyboard sounds plus Manual Bass;
• panel settings;
• Styles.
2. Using the Direct Sound Memory buttons
Using the 16 direct access buttons (Direct Sound Memory), you can quickly
recall as many keyboard sound combinations as there are buttons.
1. Press one of the 16 Sound Memory buttons.
In this example press the button marked PERCUSSIVE. A realtime Performance recalling the Arabkit assigned to the Upper 1 keyboard section is
recalled.
Try selecting each button one after the other and note how the situation
changes compared with the Kanoun Performance in the example shown on
the previous page.
To save your preferred sound combinations to the direct memory slots:
After selecting your preferred sound combination, hold down one of the 16
Direct Sound Memory buttons for a few seconds and the current sound
combination will be memorized.
Selecting Performances using this method can recall:
• combinations of the Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower and Manual Bass sounds;
• panel settings.
Style Lock and the Performances
We have already seen that the Styles and the RealTime Performances share
the same Performance, therefore, each time you select a realtime Performance, you also recall a Style.
If you prefer to select realtime Performances without changing the Style auto
accompaniment patterns, activate the STYLE LOCK function. More about this
in the Style chapter.
How to program the Performances
The 63 Performances contained in the WK2 Or are all programmable, as are
the performances of the other structures (Styles, Song Styles and Songs). Although the factory settings try to cover a wide range of user needs, you may
decide that one or more factory configurations require some changes to suit
your personal requirements.
Performance programming tasks are very easy and they offer the possibility of
making preferred sound combinations for realtime playing, Style playing and
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2•8 User Guide
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Note 1: The same buttons also recall Styles
when the instrument is set to Style mode (Style
LED on).
Note 2: The confuguration of the Style &
Sound Memory section can be stored to the
Performances with the Store Perf. button.
User Style and Song Style recording. The Style/RealTime Performances also
offer the possibility of recalling preferred panel settings. For example, by memorizing different on/off combinations of the keyboard activators (Upper 1, Upper
2, Lower), in practice you can recall the same Performance but with different
active/mute settings of the real time sounds.
Programming a Performance involves changing the panel settings and/or modifying one or more of the features memorized in each part (or track), such as a
sound assignment, the manual bass activation, a volume change, an effect
send setting, a section transpose setting, etc.).
To memorize a different panel setting, simply set the panel buttons as preferred
and save with the Store Perf button. For example, changing the effect type
(Reverb and/or Chorus) assigned to a Performance is a panel setting which
affects the Performance as a whole. It is not possible to assign different effects
to different tracks of the same performance. It is, however, possible to change
the amount of effect (send) for each track.
To modify a track, once you have selected the Performance to modify, you must
move out of Performance mode. This is because the function buttons that are
required to select the track to change are active in Performance mode for Performance selection only. Therefore, to program the selected Performance, move
the left display arrowhead above or below the PERFORMANCE Menu function
with the Cursor [ ] and [ ] buttons. Now select the track to change with the
corresponding function button. The name of the selected track will start to flash
in the display. At this point, using the Page buttons, you can select the various
Performance parameters to change.
The same procedure is used to modify the tracks of your Style performances
(those recalled with Single Touch Play off), your User Styles and Song Styles.
Performance programming procedure
Example: How to change the Sound and volume level of the Upper 1 track of
a Performance.
1. Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL button and select a Performance
as already explained.
In this example we select Performance 2 (Aoud) using Function button F2.
2. Press the Cursor Up button once to move the left arrowhead away from
the PERFORMANCE function (it should now be pointing to the SOUND
function).
3. Press function button F9.
The track name “Upper 1” will start to flash in the display.
FLASHING
Note: The selected status (flashing) is temporary and lasts about 5/6 seconds.
4. Select a Sound on the Sound keypad, or use the +/– buttons of the same
keypad until you find the sound you want.
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Performances 2•9
5. While the Upper 1 track is still flashing, press the Page
the first of several Performance functions (Volume).
button to enter
Note: if the Upper 1 track stops flashing, press the function button again to
activate the section and return to the Volume page with the Page > button.
6. Rotate the Dial to change the volume setting shown in the 3 digit display.
At this point, to make more changes, you can select other parameters to
change with the Page button.
7. When you have finished programming the track, repeat the procedure
for other tracks then memorize the changes using the STORE PERF
button.
Refer to the Store Performance paragraph further ahead in this chapter for
full details.
Below follows a summary of changes that you can make to the Performances.
Important: Remember that the instrument MUST NOT be set to PERF mode the left arrowhead of the display MUST NOT indicate the PERF menu function.
1. Change the Active/Mute status of the Real Time keyboard sections
(Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower).
Simply activate or deactivate the corresponding UPPER 1, UPPER 2 or
LOWER buttons. In this case, the corresponding function buttons (F7, F8,
F9) do not activate/mute the keyboard sections.
2. Change the active/mute status of the accompaniment tracks (Drum,
Bass, Acc1 Acc2, Acc3).
This change would affect Style playing only and not real time playing.
Press the corresponding function (F1 – F5) button once to set the track
flashing. Press the function button again to mute the track. The name of
the track is cancelled from the display and the Sound number starts to flash.
3. Assign sounds to the tracks.
Select a track with the corresponding function button (F1…F9) and assign a
Sound to the flashing section using the procedures already described.
4. Change the effects assigned to the Performance.
The effect type (Reverb or Chorus), the Reverb and/or Chorus On/Off status and the effect sends for each track can be changed.
To change the effect type, refer to the Effects chapter.
To change the on/off status of the Reverb or Chorus, press the corresponding buttons (the display indicators show the On/Off status).
To modify the effect sends, see point 5 below.
5. Modify the performance parameters of one or more tracks.
Select the track whose parameters you wish to modify, press the Page
button to select the parameter and adjust the parameter value (or status)
with the DIAL or the +/– buttons of the keypad.
Once you have modified the track, select another one and repeat the procedure.
When you have finished modifying the performance, hold the STORE PERF
button for an instant to save the modifications. See the STORE PERFORMANCE paragraph further ahead.
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2•10 User Guide
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The Performance parameters
The following is a list of all the Performance parameters that you can select
with the Page buttons after selecting a performance track:
VOLUME : (00/127) determines the volume of the track.
REVSEND: (00/15) determines the amount of Reverb effect applied to the track.
00 corresponds to no effect.
CHOSEND: (00/15) determines the amount of Chorus effect (modulation/delays) applied to the track. 00 corresponds to no effect.
TRANSP: (-24/+24) determines the transposition (up or down) to apply to the
track. Each step corresponds to one semitone (maximum ± 2 octaves).
DETUNE: (-63/+63) determines the fine tuning to apply to the track. Each step
is equivalent to 1/64th of a semitone.
PAN: (00/31 right, 00 center, 00/-31 left) determines the position of the sound
within the stereo panorama (left, right or center).
Anti-clockwise rotation of the Dial sets the setting to Pan Mute; in this situation
the sound is not delivered either left or right; if the effects are active on the
track, you will only hear the processed sound.
If a part contains a Drumkit (which already incorporates individual pan settings
for the percussive sounds), the setting will be Pan Lock and will not be able to
be changed: in this case, PAN will be deactivated for the Drumkit.
VOL_PED: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the keyboard tracks only for the action of the optional Volume Pedal (connected to the rear panel jack).
DAMPER: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the keyboard tracks only for the action of the optional Damper pedal (sustain effect).
Note: The Style accompaniment tracks cannot be individually enabled/disabled for the action of the Volume or Damper pedals. In Song mode, all the
tracks can be individually enabled/disabled for the action of the Volume and
Damper pedal.
PITCH/M: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the keyboard tracks only for the action of the Pitch/Modulation Ball.
PITCHRG: (00/12) determines the Pitch excursion for the bender messages
generated by the Pitch Ball and affects the keyboard tracks only. With the 00
setting, the Bender message does not affect the track; any value above 00
indicates the pitch excursion expressed in semitones (example, 12 = one octave).
Note: The Style accompaniment tracks cannot be individually enabled/disabled for the action of the Pitch/M and PitchRg MIDI messages. In Song mode,
all the tracks can be individually enabled/disabled for the action of these MIDI
messages.
EDITSND: (ON/OFF) if a disk-based WK3 format Song is loaded into memory,
it may contain one or more edited sounds; the ON setting (default) allows you
to listen to the edited sounds in playback, while the OFF setting recalls the
sounds in their original form without the memorized modifications.
You can escape from a Performance edit page at any time with Escape without
losing your temporary modifications.
If you decide to change Performance, however, you must save the modifications, otherwise they will be lost when you select either another Performance or
the same one again.
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Performances 2•11
Store Performance
Whenever you edit a performance you will, at some point, decide that you either want to save your new performance or simply forget it and return to using
the instrument as before.
A modified Performance that has not been stored to memory remains intact
until you select another Performance. To cancel a performance change, simply
return to Performance mode, choose a different Performance and everything
will be instantly forgotten.
If you decide you want to store your Performance into the instrument’s memory,
the next step will be to press the STORE PERF. button for an instant.
Even if you program all the factory Performances with new settings, the original
factory ones can be restored at any time with the RESTORE function. Before
doing this, however, remember to save your Performances (and any other data)
to disk to avoid loosing data that you have painstakingly programmed. Saving
Performances to Floppy Disk or Hard Disk is explained in the Disk & Hard Disk
chapter.
You can also choose not to store your programmed Performances to disk by
taking advantage of the battery-backed RAM which retains data after power
down. Bear in mind, however, that if the batteries loose their charge, all your
programmed data stored in memory will be irremediably cancelled.
Storing to the default performance
If you modify and save your changes to the first factory Performance (called
Kanoun), every time you turn on the WK2 Or, it will power up with your new
Performance. For example, if you want the instrument to power up with a split
keyboard setting and all three keyboard sections active, simply save this situation to the first performance of Group 1 (1F1).
To memorize changes to the current Performance
1. Hold down the STORE PERFORMANCE button for a few seconds.
2. Confirm the display confirmation request (?) with ENTER.
Save changes to a different Performance (or create a new one)
1. Hold down the STORE PERF. button for a few seconds.
2. Rotate the Dial to select a different Performance location.
The 3 Digit display area will show the selected Performance number (e.g.
P45).
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2•12 User Guide
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3. Press ENTER to confirm.
The Performance will be memorized to the selected location.
In the example shown in step 2, Performance 45 corresponds to Performance n. 9 of Group 5.
If you press ESCAPE, the operation will be cancelled and the new Performance will not be stored to RAM. It will, however, still be available until you
select another one or turn the instrument off.
Changing the Performance name
The 63 factory Performances are all identified with a name. When you save a
new Performance, it takes the name of the destination Performance. You can
choose to maintain the same name or change it. This operation must be carried out in Performance mode (the left arrowhead pointing to the Performance
Menu function).
To change the name of a Performance
1. Check that the arrowhead to the left of the display is next to the PERFORMANCE menu function.
2. Press the PAGE [ ] to pass to the name page.
Flashing
The first letter of the name will flash to indicate that you can change letter at
the flashing position. Change from the default “Overwrite” mode to “Insert”
mode if necessary by pressing note D#2.
3. Write the name using the keys of the keyboard to enter the letter, number
or symbol required at the cursor position and use the +/– buttons of the
Sund keyad to move the cursor from one letter to another.
Refer to the “Text Entry” paragraph on page 1.18 of the Quick Guide.
4. Save the name with the Store Performance function as already described.
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Performances 2•13
The INIT (Restore) function
The INIT function (initialize) under the GENERAL menu is selective; you can
choose which type of data to restore and which to leave intact.
To restore the original Performance settings
The INIT Performance procedure cancels all modifications applied to the Performances and restores the original factory settings (ROM).
(See also the MIDI/GENERAL chapter).
1. Select the MIDI/GENERAL menu function using the Cursor [ ] or [ ]
buttons.
The left arrowhead must point to the MIDI/GENERAL function.
2. Select the INIT page by pressing the PAGE [ ] button as many times as
necessary.
3. Rotate the DIAL or use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select the
type of data to restore. In this case, select InitPFM.
- INIT ALL cancels all programmed data contained in RAM.
- INIT SEQ cancels all sequence data.
- INIT SMP cancels all samples.
- INIT PFM cancels all programmed Performances in RAM.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the operation, or ESCAPE to cancel
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2•14 User Guide
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Ch. 3 • The Arabic Scale (
This chapter tells you most of what you need to know about the Arabic Scale.
Some Arabic Scale editing tasks can also be performed in the General section
(see the MIDI/GENERAL chapter for more details).
To simplify the explanations, you can reset your WK2 Oriental so that the instrument is restored to its default status (use the “System Reset” operation
explained at the end of the Intro chapter, page 1.3).
)
Note: Arabic Scale editing tasks include a
general Arabic Tuning function (which tunes
all the current Arabic notes), and a Microtune
function (which tunes individual Arabic notes).
What is the Arabic Scale ?
While so-called “Western” music is based on the use of a single intonation
scale (Equal scale), Oriental music boasts the use of several different “Arabic
Scales”, all, however, based on the lowering of the pitch by 1/4 of a tone of one
or more notes of the standard chromatic scale.
The name “Arabic Scale” is a general term which describes all the possible
configurations which can be obtained by lowering the pitch (always by 1/4 of a
tone) of one or more notes within a standard octave.
Where is the Arabic Scale ?
The control centre of the Arabic Scale consists of two distinct sections, both
located on the left part of the WK2 Or’s control panel: the ARABIC SCALE
(
) and the MEMORY (
).
The ARABIC SCALE section is easily identified by the 12 circular buttons laid
out in the same manner as an octave of black and white notes.
The Arabic Scale MEMORY is located above the Arabic Scale, adjacent to the
Style/Song selection keypad. This section groups together several different
functions. Here’s a breakdown of each function:
Memory 1, 2, 3, 4 :
memory slots for preset or user-programmed
Arabic Scales;
Cancel :
cancels the selected Arabic Scale;
Store :
memorizes user-programmed Arabic Scales.
How to recall a preset Arabic Scale
Note: The following table shows the default
settings of the Preset Arabic Scales.
The Arabic Scale Memory section contains 4 preset (ROM) Arabic Scales (1, 2,
3 and 4). The Arabic Scale configurations memorized in these four presets are
factory-set and cannot be permanently erased from memory. They can, however, be temporarily replaced by user-programmed scales for as long as you
wish. They are restored to their default settings using the System Reset operation. The default configurations are those shown in the margin opposite.
Memory
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Arabic Notes
1
E
2
E
A
3
F#
B
4
C#
F#
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The Arabic Scale 2•15
1. Press one of the 4 Memory buttons (1, 2, 3 or 4) to select a preset Arabic
Scale.
The button pressed is identified by a LED which lights up. Each button
activates a different Arabic Scale.
At the same time, one or more buttons of the ARABIC SCALE activate (a
LED lights up above the active button).
2. Play on the keyboard.
You will here one or more notes of every scale play 1/4 tone lower than
usual.
Each active button of the ARABIC SCALE section identifies the note affected on the keyboard. The pitch of the affected notes will be lowered by 1/
4 of a tone.
Recalling an Arabic Scale affects the keyboard regardless of how it is currently set to play; in Split or Layer mode.
3. Recall a different preset Arabic Scale by pressing one of the other Memory
buttons.
The currently selected Memory button will cancel and the Arabic Scale will
change configuration according to which button is pressed.
To cancel the current Arabic Scale
•
Simply press the Cancel button in the MEMORY section.
The current Arabic Scale is deactivated (all LEDs of the Arabic Scale section go off) and the instrument returns to the normal (Equal) scale.
How to set a new Arabic Scale in real time
You can configure your own Arabic Scale at any time while you play.
1. Set the Arabic Scale of your choice by pressing one or more buttons of
the ARABIC SCALE section.
The LED of the buttons pressed lights up to indicate which notes of the
scale are affected.
2. Play on the keyboard and, while playing, activate or deactivate the Arabic Scale buttons at will.
If you press an active button (LED on), it will be cancelled (the LED indicator
goes off).
You can also modify an active preset Arabic Scale by adding one or more
Arabic notes to the currently selected scale.
If, after modifying a preset Arabic Scale, you press a Memory button (1, 2, 3
or 4), you will cancel the current scale and recall a preset scale.
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2•16 User Guide
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How to Store a user-programmed Arabic Scale
The four default Arabic Scales presets memorized in the Memory buttons can
be temporarily replaced with user-programmed scales. They will remain in
memory even after turning the instrument off.
1. Set a preferred Arabic Scale using the methods already described.
2. Hold down the STORE button.
The LEDs of the Memory buttons start to flash.
3. With the STORE button held, press the Memory button corresponding to
the location where you want to store the user-programmed scale and
release both buttons.
The LED on the Memory button pressed will remain on and the previous
Arabic Scale occupying the button selected will be replaced with the new
one.
Storing user-programmed Arabic Scales does not destroy the default preset scales occupying the Memory slots, they are simply temporarily cancelled and replaced with the new ones.
You can restore the original scales by carrying out the “System Reset” operation.
Arabic Tuning and Micro Tuning
The Arabic Notes can be fine tuned according to specific requirements using
the Arabic Tuning and Mircotuning functions found under the Midi/General menu.
For more information about these two functions, refer to the Midi/General chapter.
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The Arabic Scale 2•17
Ch. 4 • Styles and Oriental Styles
You can enjoy playing the keyboard sounds in real time while WK2 Oriental
takes care of the accompaniment, as if you were playing with a band of musicians. The automatic arrangements are provided by the Styles.
This chapter explains how to select and play the Styles, how to use all the
automatic functions associated to Styles and how to save modified Styles to
the Performances.
About the WK2 Oriental Styles
Styles are a collection of musical patterns representing many types of music,
ranging from rock and pop to Latin and Oriental music.
Each Style has 4 Variations, 4 Intros, 4 Fills and 4 Endings. A Style, therefore,
provides a complete range of musical structures with which you can play whatever type of music you prefer.
Each Style consists of 8 tracks: the first 5 are engaged by the sequencer for the
auto accompaniments, and the remaining 3 belong to the real time keyboard
sections. The 5 accompaniment tracks are divided as follows: track 1 Drums
(drum sets), track 2 BASS, tracks 3, 4 and 5 correspond to ACC1, ACC2, ACC3
respectively (accompaniments 1, 2 and 3). The Styles provide automatic accompaniments that are triggered by chord information received from the external keyboard (or other controller) and the accompaniment patterns change to
suit the current chord.
The WK2 Or contains 96 permanent Styles in ROM (00 - 95) and can house an
additional 8 User Styles in RAM (96 - 103). These can be loaded from disk in
the WK2, WK3, PK7 or CD formats, loaded from Hard Disk, or you can program
them yourself using the Style Programming functions (see the User Style chapter for relevant details).
The ROM Styles are arranged in groups of 8, as shown in the Style List
silkscreened on the front panel.
The Groups include an Ethnic group with 4 Greek and 4 Turkish Styles, and 4
Arab groups, each containing 8 Arabic Styles.
As we have already seen in the Performance chapter, the Style tracks contain
several programmable parameters: sound, volume, pan, transpose, detune,
reverb, chorus, pitch bend, pedal volume and damper.
Enabling/disabling the automatic arrangements
The automatic arrangements of the Styles are enabled by a single panel button: ARRANGE ON/OFF. When this button is active (LED on), the keyboard is
divided in two parts and the left part under the split point is enabled for chord
scanning which generates the automatic arrangement patterns. If this button is
off (LED off), the instrument allows you to play the keyboard sections in real
time with the Drums track. In fact, if you press the big red button START/STOP,
you will trigger the Drums track of the current Style. At the same time, the
Manual Bass track will be automatically deactivated.
When you turn the instrument on for the first time, it defaults to Style/RealTime
mode with the ARRANGE ON/OFF button deactivated (LED off).
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2•18 User Guide
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To enable the automatic Style arrangements therefore, you must activate the
Arrange On/Off button - this you can do either manually (press the button) or
automatically by pressing the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button.
Another method is to memorize the activated status of the Arrange On/Off button (LED on) to the power-up Performance.
The Single Touch Play button
The SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button assigns the factory set sounds stored in
ROM to all the Style tracks (accompaniment as well as keyboard) of each Style.
In addition, this button activates the ARRANGE ON/OFF button (LED on) and
the ARRANGE MEMORY function (corresponding display indicator on - see
Arrange Memory further ahead for a relevant explanation).
When SINGLE TOUCH PLAY is off, selecting Styles recalls only the Style accompaniment sections without changing the keyboard sounds.
The ON/OFF status of the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button is shown in the display by the corresponding indicator (S.T.PLAY).
LED on
The Single Touch Play settings
With SINGLE TOUCH PLAY on, the function buttons (F1 … F9) also recall 9
“Single Touch Play” panel settings for the Real Time keyboard sections.
Each ROM Style, therefore, can play with 10 different Single Touch Play settings, one recalled by the S.T.PLAY button and 9 from each function button, for
a total of 900 panel and keyboard configurations. These are in addition to the
96 basic ROM configurations (one for each Style).
Let’s see at this point how to select and play the Styles.
Selecting and playing the Styles
Styles can be selected in four different ways and triggered using three different
methods.
Selecting a Style
1. Directly entering a Style number on the Style / Song numeric keypad
1. Press the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button (the corresponding display indicator turns on).
Pressing the S.T.PLAY button automatically activates the ARRANGE ON/
OFF button (LED on) and ARRANGE MEMORY function (the display indicator turns on).
When the S.T.PLAY function is on, whatever Style you select will always be
the ROM version, allowing you to draw information directly from the internal
memory, eliminating all the operations carried out on the panel.
2. Specify the number corresponding to the desired STYLE on the SYLE/
SONG keypad.
The ROM Styles occupy the locations 00 - 95. Use the panel Style List as
reference. If User Styles are present, these occupy the locations 96 - 103.
In this example we select Style 64 BALADI (first button “6” then “4”).
2
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Styles 2•19
The WK2 Or sets automatically to Style mode. The left arrowhead moves
to point to the STYLE menu function.
2. Selecting the Styles in single steps using the +/– button of the STYLE /
SONG keypad.
With the WK2 Or in Style mode, using the + or – buttons of the Style / Song
keypad you can step through all the Styles (Rom and Ram) one by one. For
example, from the Style Baladi selected above, press the + button once to
select the Style Saidi 1.
If you now press the – button once, you will return to the Style Baladi.
3. Recall a Style using the Direct Style Memory buttons
A quick and easy way of recalling a Style is by pressing one of the Direct Style
Memory buttons.
For example, press the button marked 12 ARAB 2 to recall the Style Wehda, or
button 13 ARAB 3 to recall the Style KARATCHI, and so on...
The factory configuration of these 16 buttons can be modified according to your
requirements by saving a preferred Style to each button.
1. Using one of the methods A o B explained above, select a Style that you
would like to memorize to the direct access section.
2. Hold down one of the Memory buttons for a few seconds.
The Style will be saved to the selected memory location, maintaining the
original name but taking the number of the selected button. During the
memorisation process, the name of the Style disappears from the display
for an instant, then reappears with the new number.
The memory button stores the new Style until you decide to change it again.
The configuration of the direct access buttons (Style and Sound) can be saved
to floppy disk or Hard disk using the Save Performance operation.
4. Recall a Style by selecting the Performances
Each RealTime Performance can recall a different Style, because when you
save a Performance change with Store Perf, the current Style, Variation, Tempo
and panel setting are also memorized.
It is possible, therefore, to recall a Style (and relative Variation and Tempo) by
selecting a Performance, provided that the STYLE LOCK button is not selected
(display indicator off).
1. If STYLE LOCK is on, turn it off (display indicator off).
2. Press the PERFORMANCE RECALL button to enter Performance mode.
You can also move the black display arrowhead with the cursor buttons until
it points to the PERFORMANCE menu function.
Select the Performances as already described in the Performance chapter.
Selecting a Performance to recall a Style automatically deactivates the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function and configures the WK2 Or according to the
memorized situation in the selected Performance. If TEMPO LOCK is off,
selecting the Performance also changes the Tempo.
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2•20 User Guide
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Note: The 16 Style Memory buttons also
memorize the Tempo and Variation parameters.
Memorizing the Styles to the 63 Performance locations (Ram)
By memorizing the Styles to the Performance locations, you will be able to
modify and save the associated Style Performance because you cannot save
changes to the ROM Performance. In addition to this, by changing the status of
the STYLE LOCK button, you will be able to change Styles and keyboard sounds
by selecting Performances with Style Lock off, or maintain the same Style and
change keyboard sounds only with Style Lock On.
To make changes to the tracks of the Style memorized to the Performances,
first of all the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function must be off. This is important
because the function buttons F1 - F9 are required to select the tracks. If S.T.PLAY
is on, the function buttons select the Single Touch Play settings.
Programming Performances: Refer to the
Performance chapter for full details regarding
how to modify the track parameters and store
the changes with Store Performance.
How to start the selected Style
Now that you have selected a Style using one of the four methods described
above, there are three ways of starting it:
1. Start the Style with the START/STOP button.
1. Press the big red START / STOP button to start the Style.
You will trigger the Drums track.
Note: If the Manual Bass track was on before pressing Start/Stop, Manual
Bass will be automatically cancelled and the bass track will be restored to
the Style.
2. Play on the keyboard with both hands.
You will hear the automatic arrangements play according to the chord played
below the split point (F#3).
IMPORTANT: If a disk-based User Styles contains less than 4 Variations (e.g. only 2), after
loading the Styles, be sure that the Variation
indicator in the display shows either Variation
1 or 2. This is to prevent total silence at Style
Start.
The right hand will be free to play the melody with one or two RealTime
sounds. The overall sound combination will depend on the Style selected.
While you are playing, the display shows 4 (or 3) round indicators under the
Metronome icon which “beat time”.
“BEAT” indicators
The big round indicator on the left shows the first beat of the bar, the smaller
ones indicate the second, third and fourth beat. For a two-bar riff, the sequence of the “beat” indicators is as shown in the margin.
While playing, you can change Style using the methods described.
The chords that you play are shown at the center of the display using the
standard chord notation.
CHORD SYMBOLS
You can also recall the Single Touch Play settings using the function buttons F1-F9 which change the RealTime sounds and Style variation (only if
Single Touch Play is on).
You can also modify the real time sound configuration by intervening directly on the corresponding section buttons (Upper 2, Upper 1 and Lower).
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Styles 2•21
3. Press START/STOP again to stop the Style.
The Manual Bass track will be automatically activated. See Auto Manual
Bass in the Arrange Mode section further ahead.
2. Start the Style automatically with the KEY START function
This function synchronises the start of the auto accompaniments with a chord
pressed on the lower split keyboard without having to use START/STOP.
1. Press the KEY START button.
The display shows 4 round “beat” indicators under the metronome icon.
2. Play a chord on the lower half of the keyboard (below the split point
F#3).
The Style starts instantly.
3. Press START/STOP to stop the Style.
Start/Stop does not deactivate Key Start. If you use the Ending button to
stop the Style, Key Start deactivates automatically (see Ending).
To deactivate Key Start, press the same button; the 4 round indicators in the
display turn off.
The KEY START function can also be activated or deactivated during Style
play.
3. Start the Style automatically with the TAP TEMPO function.
1. With the accompaniment off, beat time on the FILLB/TAP button.
The Tempo established by tapping on the button is displayed and the Drum
track of the Style starts automatically.
The Tap Tempo is established according to the current Time Signature: tap
four times for 4/4, tap three times for 3/4 and so on.
Each tap on the button plays an acoustic sound (drumsticks).
2. Press START/STOP to stop the Style.
The Style Volume
Adjust the overall volume of the Style with the MASTER VOLUME panel slider.
If you have connected a Volume Pedal (optional), you can adjust the overall
volume or the section volume.
Refer to the Performance chapter for information regarding how to program the
Pedal Volume parameter for section volume control.
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2•22 User Guide
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Note 1: If you are using the Free Style cord
recognition option, you can key-start a Style
by playing a three-note chord anywhere on the
keyboard. (See Arrange Mode further ahead).
Note 2: If the ARRANGE MEMORY button is
turned off, the function of the KEY START button changes to the function KEY STOP, explained further ahead on page 2.24.
Playing the Styles using the automatic functions - Intro, Ending, Fill, Var, Fade
The Styles offer a wide selection of automatic functions.
INTRO
This button provides and introduction to the Style.
1. Press the INTRO button before starting the Style.
The display shows the corresponding indicator.
2. Start the Style using one of the start methods already described.
The Style starts with a one or two bar introduction.
INTRO can also play as a Fill In if pressed during Style play.
ENDING
Pressed while the Style is playing, this button stops a Style accompaniment
with an ending (“coda”).
1. While the Style is playing, press ENDING.
The corresponding display indicator turns on.
The Style stops with an ending phrase.
If you select another Style during the Ending cycle, the new Style starts at
the start of the next bar.
If you preset ENDING before Style start, it plays as an Introduction.
VARIATION
These buttons control 4 different Variations of the same Style.
1. Before starting the Style, you can choose the starting Variation by pressing the corresponding Var button.
2. Start the Style using one of the start methods already described.
During Style play, you can switch from one Variation to another by pressing
the corresponding buttons.
Each Variation has also an associated INTRO, FILL and ENDING.
Every time you change Variation, the corresponding display indicator turns on
then turns off at the and of the variation cycle.
The same occurs if the Variation change is effected with the Fills.
FILL
These buttons trigger a Fill In, or break of the current variation.
FILL A plays the fill then breaks into the previous variation.
The corresponding display indicator shows the Fill in use.
FILL plays the fill then continues with the current variation.
FILL B plays the fill then breaks into the next variation.
The corresponding display indicator shows the Fill in use.
By holding down a Fill button, the relative pattern repeats continually until
you release the button.
The Fills are normally one or two measures long.
You can also preset a Fill before Style start in order to use it as an Introduction.
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Styles 2•23
FADE
The FADE button allows you to start a Style with a volume fade in, or stop with
a volume fade out.
1. Press the button before starting the Style.
2. Start the Style using one of the start methods already described.
You’ll hear the accompaniment volume gradually increase during the course
of 4 measures.
3. If you press FADE while the Style is playing, the volume will decreases
gradually to total silence and the Style stops automatically.
During the Fade cycle, the corresponding display indicator remains on.
Activate the automatic functions using a switch pedal
If you have connected a switch pedal (optional) to the PED jack on the back
panel of the WK2 Or, you can activate one of the auto functions described
below by kicking the pedal.
Refer to the Midi/General chapter for explanations regarding how to assign one
of the following functions to the switch pedal:
Switch Upper 1/Upper 2; Start/Stop; Fill A; Fill; Fill B/Tap; Intro; Ending;
Vocal Mute (only if the optional Audio Vocal Processor accessory is installed).
The Key Stop function (maintaining chords)
The KEY STOP function allows you play chords in staccato Style and maintain
them for the selected Style. Key Stop is useful when you want to play pieces
that contain staccato parts during the execution of the piece (introductions,
codas, etc.). Try this function and listen to the effect obtained.
This function operates globally and is independent from the selected Midi Set
setting.
1. Select a Style.
2. Activate (if necessary) ARRANGE ON/OFF (LED on).
3. Deactivate ARRANGE MEMORY (LED off).
4. Activate Key Start (4 round indicators appear under the metronome icon
in the display).
5. Play one or more chords in “staccato” form (the triggered arrangement
will stop instantly at release).
6. Hold down a chord for at least one second* then release it.
The chord will be maintained automatically.
* Note: not less than one quarter of a second.
The Restart Style function
The Restart Style function is a panel procedure which provides an instant restart of the current style from the beginning, useful in situations where the timing between, for example, a singer and the player “drops” a beat or two. Quite
often, the accompanying music has to “run” or “slow down” to catch up to the
singer who may have lost time.
With the Restart Style procedure, the Style accompaniment returns to the first
beat of the bar instantly.
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2•24 User Guide
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1. Set the instrument for Key Start by pressing the Key Start button.
The display shows 4 round “beat” indicators under the metronome icon.
2. Hold down a chord on the keyboard below the split point.
The Style accompaniment is triggered.
3. While still holding down the chord, press Start/Stop.
The Style accompaniment returns to the first beat of the first bar and starts
the cycle again.
Press Start/Stop (while still holding down the chord) as many times as necessary until the correct timing between singer and player has been retored.
The Arranger section
This section contains buttons which enables the more important functions tied
to Style playing.
Arrange On/Off
When ARRANGE ON/OFF is on (LED on), all the Style accompaniment tracks
are enabled for play.
If this button is off, only the Drums track will play after the start.
Arrange Memory
When ARRANGE MEMORY is on (corresponding display indicator on), releasing your left hand from the connected keyboard causes the bass and accompaniment sounds to continue playing.
When off, releasing your left hand causes the accompaniment to stop.
Lower Memory
When LOWER MEMORY is on (corresponding display indicator on), releasing
your left hand from the connected keyboard causes the sound of the Lower
keyboard section (if active) to continue playing until you play other notes.
When off, releasing your left hand will cause the Lower sound to stop playing.
The Lower Memory function is useful to hold ‘pad’ sounds without using a Damper
pedal (which may be of more use to the right hand).
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Styles 2•25
Bass To Lowest
If BASS TO LOWEST is on (LED on), the bass part of the auto accompaniment
plays around the lowest note of the current chord. If you play a different inversion of the same chord, the lowest note also changes resulting in a different
bass note.
If this function is off (LED off), the bass will follow the original programmed
pattern of the Style.
Bass to Lowest permits real time changes to the otherwise fixed bass pattern of
a Style, by playing different chord inversions.
The Style/Tempo Lock button
Style lock
The STYLE LOCK function allows you to select Performances without changing the current Style.
With STYLE LOCK active (corresponding display indicator on), you can pass
from one Performance to another without changing the Style.
If you hold down this button for about 2 seconds, the TEMPO LOCK function
activates.
Tempo Lock
The TEMPO LOCK function locks the current Style Tempo allowing you to recall Styles without changing the Tempo, regardless of the status of the Single
Touch Play button.
The activation of TEMPO LOCK is shown in the top right hand corner of the
display where the Tempo setting alternates with the word “LOC”.
Nevertheless, it is always possible to change the Tempo in real time by rotating
the DIAL.
When Tempo Lock is on, the Tempo setting remains fixed for all subsequent
Style and Performance selections.
When TEMPO LOCK is off, the selection of a Style or a Performance recalls the
memorized Tempo setting.
TEMPO LOCK and STYLE LOCK can both be active at the same time.
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2•26 User Guide
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The Style Tempo
Every Style that you select recalls a memorized playing speed, or tempo setting which is shown in the top right hand corner of the display.
TEMPO SETTING
The Style Tempo can be changed in real time by rotating the DIAL either before
or after Style start and regardless of the status of the TEMPO LOCK button.
The current tempo can be saved to a Performance. This provides you with
another possibility of setting the Tempo.
To recap, you can:
a) select the Style with Single Touch Play active to recall the original Tempo
setting stored in ROM,
b) recall a Style using the Direct Style Memory buttons where the previously
memorized Style was saved with a different Tempo setting;
c) select a Performance to recall a previously memorized Tempo setting.
d) lock the current Tempo setting for all Style changes by activating the Tempo
Lock function.
Important: Use the DIAL with care: in certain
situations, this control may affect other parameters; for example, if a Style track is flashing,
the Dial will change the relative Volume.
Saving the Tempo to a Performance
To save the current Tempo setting to a Performance, carry out the following
procedure:
1. Select a Performance which you intend to use to save a new Tempo
setting.
2. Rotate the DIAL to set the new Tempo.
3. Press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE button for a few seconds.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the operation.
The save operation can also be carried out while the Style is playing.
Refer to the paragraph “Store Performance” in the Performance chapter.
Saving the Tempo in one of the 16 Direct Style Memory slots
To save the Tempo to one of the Direct Style Memory slots:
1. Select the Style whose Tempo you wish to change.
2. Rotate the DIAL to set the new Tempo.
3. Hold down one of the Direct Style Memory buttons for a few seconds.
The Style name disappears and reappears in an instant, indicating that the
Style has been memorized to the Memory slot.
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Styles 2•27
Arrange Mode
The Arrange Mode menu offers several useful features which simplify Style
playing even further. The features offered are: Auto Arrange, Auto Bass and
four Chord recognition modes: FINGERED 1, FINGERED 2, ONE FINGER
and FREESTYLE.
Auto Arrange
This option, when set to ON, allows the ARRANGE ON/OFF button to be automatically activated by pressing START/STOP. This feature guarantees that the
Style auto accompaniments are available every time you press Start/Stop. WK2
Or is factory-programmed to power up with the AUTO ARRANGE function enabled.
How to change the status of the Auto Arrange function
1. Select the Arrange Mode menu by holding down the Arrange On/Off button for an instant, or by moving the left display arrowhead to the Arrange
Mode menu with the Cursor buttons.
The Auto Arrange option will be displayed.
2. Rotate the Dial or press +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change the On/
Off status of the Auto Arrange option.
When Auto Arrange is OFF, pressing Start/Stop will not activate the Arrange
On/Off button automatically.
The new Arrange Mode setting remains in memory even after power down.
Auto Bass
Auto Bass controls the activation of the Manual Bass track which in default
conditions is set for manual play when the sequncer is not playing.
When the sequencer is off, the following possibilities are permitted when AUTO
BASS is set to ON:
• If ARRANGE ON/OFF is disabled (LED off) and the LOWER keyboard is off
(LED off), the Manual Bass track plays across the full keyboard.
• If ARRANGE ON/OFF is enabled (LED on), the Manual Bass track plays on
the lower part of the split keyboard.
• If MANUAL BASS is currently assigned to the keyboard (shown by the “BAS”
display indicator), pressing START/STOP automatically deactivates MANUAL
BASS and re-assigns the Bass track to the auto accompaniments of the
Style.
When AUTO BASS is set to OFF, the Bass track of the Style accompaniment
cannot be assigned to the keyboard for Manual Bass playing.
The setting of AUTO BASS is ON by default.
How to change the status of the Auto Bass function
1. Select the Arrange Mode menu by holding down the Arrange On/Off button for an instant, or by moving the left display arrowhead to the Arrange
Mode menu with the Cursor buttons.
2. Press the PAGE
button to select the Auto Bass option.
3. Rotate the DIAL or use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change
the On/Off status of the option.
When Auto Bass is OFF, the Bass track of the Styles cannot be activated for
manual play.
The new Arrange Mode setting remains in memory even after power down.
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2•28 User Guide
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MANUAL BASS
Chord recognition
Use the following procedure to select the desired chord recognition option:
1. Select the ARRANGE MODE menu function by holding down the Arrange On/Off button for an instant, or by moving the left black arrowhead
to the Arrange Mode Menu with the Cursor buttons.
2. Press the PAGE button repeatedly to scroll through the options until
you reach the chord recognition option required.
Fingered 1
At least three notes must be played below the split point for the chords to be
recognized and trigger the auto accompaniment.
Fingered 2
The chord will play according to the actual notes pressed below the split point.
A three note chord will trigger the full accompaniment. With one or two notes,
the chord will be recognized but the accompaniment pattern will limit itself according to the notes actually played.
One finger
A single note played below the split point is recognized as the root of a major
chord.
• For a minor play the root and the minor third (e.g. C and Eb).
• For a diminished, play the root and the diminished fifth (C + Gb above or
below C).
• For a seventh play the root and the seventh (C + Bb above or below C).
• For a major 7th, play the root and the augmented seventh (C + B above or
below C).
FreeStyle
A three note chord is recognized anywhere on the keyboard, even above the
current split point. If you play one or two notes, the chord is not recognized and
the current accompaniment pattern does not change.
This chord recognition option allows you to play your melody anywhere along
the keyboard with the Upper 1 and /or Upper 2 keyboard sounds. Selecting
FreeStyle disables the Lower keyboard section, if active.
Note: Freestyle is particularly useful for Midi
Guitar controllers.
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Styles 2•29
The Split function
Under the SPLIT function are two options: Split point, Chord Lock.
Split Point
The Split corresponds to the point which divides the keyboard into two parts,
left (lower) and right (upper). The Split point can be set to any note, allowing
you to modify the extension dedicated to the chord recognition, increasing or
decreasing the area as required.
By changing the Split point, you automatically modify the extensions of the
LOWER and UPPER keyboard sections.
Setting a new split point
1. Select the SPLIT menu function by moving the black arrowhead with the
Cursor buttons.
The display shows the word “SPLIT” in large letters.
2. Press PAGE to select to page which shows the current Split setting.
The default setting corresponds to note F#3.
3. Select the new Split point either by rotating the DIAL, or with the +/–
buttons of the Sound keypad.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the new setting.
Pressing Enter exits the Split function and returns to the previous display.
Pressing ESCAPE leaves the function without memorizing the new setting.
The new split point remains in memory after power down, or until a new setting
is programmed.
The setting is general for the entire instrument.
Chord Lock (ChoLock)
The Chord Lock function, when active (On,), allows you to lock the current
chord notes even after key release, avoiding sudden lapses in the accompaniment caused by inadvertently touching unwanted notes during a chord change.
When off, whatever notes are pressed even after releasing the keys are recognized as a chord change.
The last Chord Lock On or Off setting remains in memory after power down.
Maintaining the chord notes (chord lock)
1. Select the SPLIT menu function by moving the black arrowhead with the
Cursor buttons.
The display shows the word “SPLIT” in large letters.
2. Press PAGE
twice to pass to the “ChoLock” page.
3. Change the On or Off setting with the Dial or the + / – buttons of the
Suond keypad.
ON = Chord Lock enabled. The current chord is locked even after key
release. Pressing other notes does not affect the locked chord.
OFF = Chord Lock disabled. The original chord recognition system is restored. If you press other notes in the lower split area after key release, a
chord will be recognized according to the current recognition setting (one
finger, fingered, free, etc.).
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2•30 User Guide
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Note: The default setting for Chord Lock setting is ON. At any moment, you can decide to
change the setting according to your Style playing needs.
The Utility section
The UTILITY section, on the right of the control panel, consists of 6 buttons:
METRONOME, SUSTAIN, HARMONY, VOCAL P, REVERB and CHORUS..
Note: If the instrument is not fitted with the Audio Vocal Processor (optional
accessory), the VOCAL P. button will be disabled.
METRONOME
This button activates the Metronome in Play and Record situations.
When active, the corresponding icon turns on in the display.
METRONOME ICON
SUSTAIN
This is a general control which activates the sustain effect on all three Real
Time keyboard sections, independent of the Damper pedal.
If you want to sustain the Sounds of the UPPER 1, UPPER 2 and LOWER
sections, activate this function.
HARMONY
Enables or disables the HARMONY function, a feature which can orchestrate
your playing, making simple one-note melodies sound as if they are being played
by a full orchestra. The corresponding display indicator turns on when HARMONY is active. The structure of the automatic harmony is based on the current Harmony Type setting and operates only when the keyboard is split.
By holding down the HARMONY button for about 2 seconds, the display shows
the currently selected Harmony Type. With the PAGE buttons, you can select
the Harmony type that best suits the kind of music that you are playing.
The types of Harmony available are divided into two categories, according to
whether the Harmony depends on the notes played with the left hand or not.
Harmony types that depend on the notes played below the split point:
Closed :
the notes played on the left hand are added to the melody
note exactly as played. The harmonizing chord is a closed
(or tight) position (notes fall within the same octave).
Open 1 :
same as close but with an open chord (notes spread over
2 octaves).
Open 2 :
similar to Open 1 but with the notes played on the left
hand randomly assigned to the right.
Block :
transforms the melody note into a full four or five note
chord, each note in perfect harmony.
Harmony types that are independent of the notes played below the split point:
Octave :
doubles the note of the right hand by playing an octave
higher. No left hand chord required.
Oscar :
doubles the note of the right hand with a note two octaves
below. No left hand chord required. This structure is based
on the harmony typically used by the jazz musician Oscar
Peterson.
Jazz :
adds two notes above the note played by the right hand,
at intervals of a fourth and a minor seventh. No left hand
chord required.
Rock :
creates a three note chord consisting of the melody note,
a fifth interval and an octave interval (e.g. C-G-C’). No
left hand chord required.
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Styles 2•31
VOCAL P (with the optional A.V.P. accessory installed)
This button gains access to the Audio Vocal Processor. If you have not installed the Audio vocal Processor accessory (optional), pressing this button
shows the message “Disabled”.
If yuo have installed the Audio vocal Processor accessory (optional), pressing
this button gains access to the Audio Vocal Processor. For full details, refer to
the Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor chapter.
REVERB and CHORUS
The WK2 Or has two internal multi-effect signal processors which affect the
sections independently: REVERB and CHORUS.
Reverb
The REVERB processor is activated by pressing the corresponding button.
Chorus
The CHORUS processor is activated by the corresponding button.
Pressing either of these buttons turns the corresponding display indicator on or
off, activating/deactivating the relative processor.
By holding either of these buttons pressed for about 2 seconds, the display
shows the currently selected effect type in large letters, which you can change
with the Page buttons.
Each effect selected also displays its associated general volume level.
Refer to the Digital Signal Processors chapter for full details regarding the effects and how to select the effect types.
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2•32 User Guide
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Ch. 5 • Disk & Hard Disk
The WK2 Oriental allows you to work with one or two types of storage devices:
Floppy Disk and Hard Disk. If your WK2 Or is fitted with a Hard Disk, you will
be able to work with both types.
Storage devices allow you to build libraries of Sounds, Samples, Performances,
Styles, Song Styles and Songs. At any time, you can load your library data into
the WK2 Or RAM.
If this is the first time you are using Floppy Disks, you are recommended to
refer to the pages at the end of this chapter which discuss disk handling precautions, how to insert and extract disks and other general information.
Floppy Disk (F Disk button)
Press this button if you want to work with Floppy Disks. The WK2 Or can work
with MS-DOS formatted disks, either HD, (1.44 MBytes) or DD, (720 KBytes).
Hard Disk (H Disk button)
This button is available only if you have the WK2 Oriental HD version. This
model is fitted with a 2.5" IDE type Hard Disk drive capable of storing a large
number of files (Songs, Performances, User Styles, Song Styles, Samples and
Midi Files). The files are stored in Partitions: you can think of the Hard Disk as
being a large number of virtual floppy disks (partitions) which can be accessed
at high speed.
Access to the Hard Disk partitions
After pressing the H DISK button, select a Partition either by rotating the DIAL,
or by using the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad, or by specifying a partition
number (3 digits) on the same keypad. Once selected, press ENTER to gain
access to the partition.
After selecting the device that you want to work with, your next choice is to
select the operation you want to perform: LOAD, SAVE, DELETE, FORMAT,
UTILITY.
The Floppy Disk and Hard Disk operations
Any file handling operation concerning the transfer of data to and from the main
memory or the cancellation of files from the storage device, takes place in the
«Disk mode» pages, entered by pressing the F DISK or the H DISK button.
The principal disk operations are spread across 5 pages:
1. LOAD :
2. SAVE :
3. DELETE :
4. FORMAT :
5. UTILITY :
Loads data to RAM or HARD DISK.
Saves data from RAM to Floppy Disk or a Hard disk partition.
Cancels files from a Floppy disk or from a Hard disk partition.
Formatting procedure (total cancellation of a Floppy disk
or Hard disk partition).
Copy functions for single files and for entire Hard Disk
partitions, Hard Disk protection and formatting.
Access to a Floppy Disk or the Hard Disk is shown in the display by the appearance of a Floppy Disk icon and a symbol, depending on the device chosen. If
you press the F DISK button (with a disk inserted in the drive), the TEMPO
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•33
display area is temporarily eliminated and replaced by the symbol “Fd”.
Fd and disk icon
If you press the H Disk button (only in the HD version), the TEMPO zone is
temporarily replaced by the “Hd” symbol.
Hd and disk icon
The Tempo display area returns to normal when you proceed with one of the
operations (LOAD, SAVE, DELETE, etc.).
Incorporated functions
In addition to the principal functions described above, the Disk/Hard Disk section incorporates three additional functions within the main disk operating structure: Slow/Fast load, Preload and Play direct from disk.
Slow/Fast Load: You can choose to set the Slow or Fast loading option
from disk or Hard disk partition at will. The SLOW option (default setting)
allows background loading (Preload), and does not lock the machine during
loading operations. The FAST option allows faster loading times, but does
not permit background loading and locks the machine during loading procedures. To set the FAST option, press the F Disk or H Disk button a second time (the display’s DISK or HARD DISK icon starts to flash). To set the
SLOW option, press DISK or HARD DISK again and the relative icon stops
flashing.
Preload (background loading): The Preload operation loads disk or Hard
Disk based data to the WK2 Or memory while the sequencer is playing
without stopping it. The Preload method loads to the first available free
destination and works with the Slow loading option or when the sequencer
is in Play.
Play direct from Disk or Hard Disk: This function allows you to play a
Song or MidiFile directly from disk or Hard disk without loading the data to
RAM, useful for Songs or MidiFiles that are larger than the available space
in the instrument’s memory. The “Play All Songs” button plays all Songs or
Midi Files present on Disk or Hard Disk partition.
To escape from DISK or HARD DISK mode, press ESCAPE.
NOTE: Access to the Floppy Disk or Hard Disk is not permitted during a
“Direct from Disk” song playback operation.
Note: The FAST optoin cannot be selected if
the Sequencer is in play.
About Files
Data is stored on Floppy disks or Hard Disk partitions in the form of Files. Files
can be Songs, Song Styles, Performances, User Styles and Samples. As well
as its own file format, the WK2 Or can work with other Generalmusic file formats, such as GMX, WK, PK and CD, and non-Generalmusic formats such as
Midi Files and Atari ST/Falcon.
WK2 Or cannot work with non-Generalmusic files other than MIDI files stored
on Ms-Dos disks. The WK2 Or will not be able to recognize a disk of a format
from another manufacturer.
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Recognizing File types
File types are identified by a name (which appears in the 8 digit display area)
and an extension (shown in the 3 digit display area). In some cases, such as
User Styles, or Song files of the WK or PK format, or ALL files, only a name is
shown with no extension.
In a Floppy disk or Hard Disk partition, the files that you will be able to select
are of the following types: SONG, MIDIFILE, STYLE, STYLES, PERFORM,
SAMPLE and ALL.
Loading/saving single files
If you choose one of the file types SONG, MIDI FILE or STYLE, you will be able
to load or save a single file belonging to the type selected.
SONG:
A SONG of the WK and PK format shows a name with no
extension.
MIDI F:
A MIDI FILE shows the ‘Mid’ extension in the 3 digit display and a name in the 8 digit display.
STYLE:
A USER STYLE shows an extension in the 3 digit display
corresponding to the User Style number: “U01, U02, etc.
up to U08 and a name in the 8 digit display.
Loading/saving entire sections of files
If you choose one of the file types STYLES, PERFORM, SAMPLE or ALL, you
will be not able to handle single files, but entire groups belonging to the type
selected.
STYLES:
an entire group of User Style (8);
PERFOPWK:
all 7 groups of the Performances (63);
SAMPLSWK:
an entire group of Samples (the Sample-RAM data);
ALL:
all the Ram files (Performances, User Styles, Song Styles,
Songs, Samples).
Note: the Delete procedure is also able to recognize the same file types as
those described above (single and entire sections), but the files can only be
cancelled from disk or hard disk, not from RAM.
Song Styles
Song Styles can only be loaded into memory using the “Load All” procedure, as
this kind of file exploits various different sections of the instrument at the same
time. Song Styles cannot be played back using the Direct From Disk method.
Song Styles are saved to Disk or Hard Disk partitions using the “Save All” method
only. WK2 Song Styles are compatible, while WK3 or PK7 format Song Styles
are not.
CD Series files
For CD files, the 3 digit display area shows the extension ‘Cd’, while the 8 digit
display area shows the file name with one of the three possible extensions:
SNG, STY, SMP. WK2 Or is compatible with CD SONG, STYLE and SAMPLE
files, but not CD SONG STYLES.
What is a MIDI file?
A Standard MIDI File (SMF) is a storage format created to maintain data compatibility among different devices complying with the Standard MIDI File format. This format allows Songs to be exchanged between different instruments
and computers. If a Song is saved as a MIDI file on an MS-DOS disk, you can
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•35
be certain that all the most recent generation of instruments and any computers
will be able to load and read that Song.
WK2 Or reads format 0 and 1 MIDI files , and saves MIDI files in format 0.
FORMAT 0: all the tracks are mixed onto a
single track.
FORMAT 1: all the tracks remain separate
(multi-track).
General MIDI (GM)
General MIDI stipulates common standards regarding the listing of sounds,
Program Change numbers for sound selection, the percussive sound configuration in the Drumkits, the assignment of MIDI channel 10 to the drumkit track,
a minimum polyphony (24) and a maximum number of tracks (16). To facilitate
compatibility between different makes of instruments, MIDI files should be in
General MIDI standard, a common platform for sounds and the way they are
selected. In the WK2 Or, Sound Bank 1 and Drumkit Bank 2 are fully GM
compatible. WK2 Or recognizes GM compatible MIDI Files thanks to a “Flag”
in the MIDI File (General MIDI ON). If this message is not detected, non-drumkit
sounds may be assigned to MIDI channel 10. To ensure correct loading of GM
compatible MIDI files that do not contain the “General MIDI ON” flag, the General MIDI parameter is set by default to ON under the “MIDI” button.
GMX format
Note: WK4 Songs disks saved as MIDI Files
are recognized only if WK4 data conforms to
the GMX format, a General MIDI extension exclusive to Generalmusic which renders the first
three banks of all WK and PK Series units fully
compatible.
GMX is Generalmusic’s own standard set of sounds which are included in every
Generalmusic product. The first bank, Bank 1, of the WK2 Or contains the
industry standard General MIDI sound library. The second and third Banks (2 &
3) contain 256 sounds taken from Generalmusic’s own extensive sound library,
including the Drumkits.
Load
Disk or Partition data can be loaded into the WK2 Or RAM using one of the
following methods:
• as single elements (Load Song, Load Style, Load MidiFile);
• as a set of files corresponding to Groups (Load Styles, Load Performance
(all 7 Performance Groups], Load Samples);
• as an “ALL” file; all the data contained in the disk or partition previously
loaded with the ALL procedure.
The WK and PK Songs and MidiFiles can be played directly from disk or
Hard disk partition without loading the data to memory beforehand.
Load from Floppy disk
1. Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive.
2. Press the F DISK button.
The right display arrowhead is shown next to the LOAD function, the Fd
symbol appears in the Tempo display area and a small floppy disk icon is
shown.
If the icon is not flashing, the load mode corresponds to SLOW (default
setting). To select the FAST mode, press the F DISK button again so that
the disk icon starts to flash.
The 8 digit display shows the name of the first file available on disk: depending on the type of file shown, the 3 or 8 digit display area may show the
relative extension.
3. Select the desired file.
Rotate the DIAL, or use the + and – buttons of the Sound keypad.
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Here you can select a single Song, a single User Style or Midi File. (Refer
to the paragraph “Recognizing File types” on page 2.35 for specific information).
To load all the User Styles as a group, press the PAGE button to select
the STYLES file type.
To load all the files present on disk, press PAGE again to select the ALL
file type.
Note : If, at this point, you press PLAY/STOP, START/STOP or PLAY ALL
SONGS, the Song/MidiFile (or Songs/Midi Files) will start to play directly
from the floppy disk.
4. Press ENTER.
While the drive starts running, the word “Loading” flashes on the display.
When finished, the word “Loading” disappears and the file is loaded to the
first available location in memory.
Clearly, the loading times differ from single file to single file. The loading
times are much longer when you load file groups (Performances, Samples,
User Styles). These procedures are best loaded in background.
Load from Hard Disk partition
(Available in the WK2 Oriental HD version)
1. Press the H DISK button.
The Hd symbol appears in the Tempo display area and a small floppy disk
icon is shown. If the icon is not flashing, the load mode corresponds to
SLOW (default setting). To select the FAST mode, press the H DISK button
again so that the disk icon starts to flash.
The name of the first partition is displayed together with the corresponding
number (shown in the 3 digit display).
2. Rotate the DIAL to scroll through the Hard disk partitions in alphabetical
order.
You can pass directly to the partition required by specifying the relative
number on the selection keypad. It is also possible to scroll with the + / –
buttons of the Sound keypad.
3. Once you have selected the desired partition, press ENTER to gain access.
The right display arrowhead is shown next to the LOAD function and the
first file contained in the partition is shown.
4. Select the desired file type with the DIAL or the + / – Sound keypad
buttons.
Here you can select a single Song, a single User Style or Midi File. (Refer
to the paragraph “Recognizing File types” on page 2.35 for specific information).
To load all the User Styles as a group, press the PAGE button to select
the STYLES file type.
To load all the files present on disk, press PAGE again to select the ALL
file type. Press ENTER to start the loading procedure.
Note : If, at this point, you press PLAY/STOP, START/STOP or PLAY ALL
SONGS, the Song/MidiFile (or Songs/Midi Files) will start to play directly
from the hard disk partition.
5. Press ENTER.
While the hard drive starts running, the word “Loading” flashes on the display. When finished, the word “Loading” disappears and the file is loaded to
the first available location in memory.
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•37
Save
WK2 Or data can be saved using one of the following methods:
• as single elements: Song, Style (User), MidiFile;
• as a set of files corresponding to Groups: Styles (User), Perform (7 Groups),
Sample (all the data contained in the Sample RAM);
• as an “ALL” operation: all data present in RAM (including Song Styles). A
disk or hard disk partition can contain only one “ALL” file type.
In order to save a single element, you can choose to save with the same name,
or specify a different one. To save Performance, Sample, Styles and the ALL
file types, a name is not required.
Note: Although the RAM maintains your programmed data when the instrument is turned
off, you are recommended to save a copy of
your data to Floppy disk or Hard disk. The
RAM should be seen as a work area which
can constantly be updated and not as a data
storage media.
Save to Floppy disk
1. Have newly formatted disk or a used disk ready and insert it in the drive.
2. Press the F DISK button and, with the cursor buttons, move the right
display arrowhead next to the SAVE disk menu function.
The Fd symbol appears in the Tempo display area together with a small
floppy disk icon.
The display shows the first file type relating to the SONG files.
If the disk drive contains an unformatted disk, pressing SAVE prompts the
message “UNFORMAT”. Format the Disk and proceed.
If the disk is protected, pressing SAVE prompts the message, “PROTECTED”. Remove the protection and proceed.
If the disk is damaged, pressing SAVE prompts the message “CORRUPTED”.
Use a new or used disk and proceed.
3. Use the PAGE buttons to select the desired file type (Song, Midi File,
Style, Styles, Perf, Sample, ALL).
4. After selecting the file type press ENTER.
If you select a type that allows you to save a single file (Song, Midi F, Style),
the name of the single element (such as the Song name opposite) contained in RAM appears in the display. Proceed to the next step.
If you select a type (such as the user Style opposite) that allows you to save
an entire section of files (Perform, Styles, Sample), go to point 8 below.
To save Song Styles, use the All procedure (see the paragraph “Saving
Song Styles” further ahead).
5. Use the PAGE button to scroll the single files until you find that one
that you want to save.
The first letter of the display name starts to flash.
Flashing
6. If you want to write a different name for the file, use the keys of the
keybpard to enter characters, and the + /– Sound buttons to move the
flashing cursor.
If you want to save with the same name, proceed to the next step.
7. With the new or old file name showing, press ENTER.
A small flashing black circle appears to indicate that the file is ready to be
saved to disk. At this point, it is still possible to change the name.
8. Press ENTER again.
The display shows the message SURE? - or OverWrt? if the disk you are
saving to contains a file with the same name.
If necessary, write a different name to avoid overwriting the existing file with
the same name.
9. Press ENTER to save the file to disk.
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Save to a Hard Disk partition
1. Press the H DISK button.
The Hd symbol appears in the Tempo display area together with a small
floppy disk icon.
The name of the first partition is displayed together with the corresponding
number (shown in the 3 digit display).
2. Rotate the DIAL to scroll through the Hard disk partitions in alphabetical
order.
You can pass directly to the partition required by specifying the relative
number on the selection keypad. It is also possible to scroll with the + / –
buttons of the Sound keypad.
3. Once you have selected the desired partition, press ENTER to gain access.
4. Move the right display arrowhead next to the SAVE disk menu function.
The display shows the first file type relating to the SONG files.
5. Using the PAGE buttons, select the file type that you wish to save (Song,
Midi F, Style, Styles, Perform, Sample, All).
6. Once you select the type of file required, press ENTER.
If you select a type that allows you to save a single file (Song, Midi F, Style),
the name of the single element (such as the Song name opposite) contained in RAM appears in the display. Proceed to the next step.
If you select a type that allows you to save an entire section of files (Perform, Styles, Sample), go directly to point 10 below.
To save Song Styles, use the All procedure (see the paragraph “Saving
Song Styles” further ahead).
7. Use the PAGE button to scroll the single files until you find that one
that you want to save.
The first letter of the display name starts to flash.
Flashing
8. If you want to write a different name for the file, use the keys of the
keyboard to enter characters, and the + / – buttons of the Sound keypad
to move the flashing cursor.
If you want to save with the same name, proceed to the next step.
9. With the new or old file name showing, press ENTER.
The display shows a small flashing black circle as an indication that the file
is ready to be saved to the Hard Disk partition. At this point, it is still possible to change the name.
10.Press ENTER again.
The display shows the message SURE? - or OverWrt? if the Hard Disk
partition you are saving to contains a file with the same name.
If necessary, write a different name to avoid overwriting the existing file with
the same name.
11. Press ENTER to save the file to disk.
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•39
Saving MIDI Files
If you want your Songs to play on instruments of other manufacturers, or on
computers, you must save them as MIDI Files on disk (Ms-Dos or Atari format).
WK2 Or saves Format 0 MIDI Files.
To save General MIDI (GM) compatible MIDI Files, the General MIDI parameter should be set to ON (this parameter is ON by default; if you think you have
changes the status of this parameter, refer to the MIDI/GENERAL chapter).
Performance track parameters are converted to the corresponding MIDI controllers (Bank Select MSB and LSB, Program Change, Volume, Pan, Control
Change 91 and 93 for the Effects). If the original Song also contains a Lyrics
track, this is converted into Lyric events, and the resulting file takes the form of
a Karaoke MidiFile.
All WK2 Or Songs saved as MIDI Files conform to the GMX format, to maintain
compatibility with all instruments of the WK Series instruments having an onboard Disk Drive. When saving the MIDI File, select the “SMF” file type. The
MIDI File will be automatically saved with the “.MID” extension.
Saving Song Styles
Song Styles can only be saved to disk using the “Save All” procedure. This
type of file utilizes several different sections of the instrument at the same time,
therefore, “Save All” is the only suitable procedure available. Song Styles cannot be saved as Midi Files.
WK3 and PK7 Song Styles are not compatible with the WK2 Or.
Delete
The Delete function allows the cancellation of a single file from a floppy disk or
Hard Disk partition.
Delete from Floppy Disk
1. Insert the floppy disk containing the file to erase into the drive.
2. Press the F DISK button then move the right display arrowhead next to
the DELETE disk menu function with the cursor buttons.
3. Rotate the DIAL until the name of the file you wish to cancel is shown.
4. Press ENTER twice to cancel the file.
After a short period, the file on disk is cancelled.
Delete from Hard Disk partition
1. Press the H DISK button and rotate the DIAL until the partition you wish
to work on is displayed.
2. Press ENTER to access the partition.
3. Move the right display arrowhead next to the DELETE disk menu function with the cursor buttons.
4. Rotate the DIAL until the name of the file you wish to cancel is displayed.
5. Press ENTER twice to cancel the file.
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Format
Both storage devices have a Format section. In Floppy disk mode, select the
FORMAT function to format your disks. In Hard Disk mode, after gaining access to a partition, select FORMAT if you need to format the partition.
The format process deletes the entire contents of a floppy disk or Hard Disk
partition.
Format Floppy Disk
To be able to read and write data to disks, they must be of a format that WK2 Or
can recognize before being used. If you try to use a disk of an incompatible
format, the drive prompts an appropriate message inviting you to retry with
another disk. Two formatting operations are available.
Format 720 Kb
This operation formats a 3.5” DD floppy disk in MS-DOS/Atari ST format (capacity 720 kilobytes).
Format 1.44 Mb
Note: The formatting process can be carried
out regardless of the current mode. For example, you can format a disk while you are
playing a Style.
This operation formats a 3.5” HD floppy disk for WK2 Or use with a capacity of
1.44 Megabytes. The format is completely compatible with the standard MSDOS format to permit the exchange of files with the WK and PK Series instruments, computers running MS-DOS, Windows, OS/2, Macintosh, some models of Atari and Amiga.
1. Insert a new (or used) disk (HD or DD type) into the drive and press the
F DISK button.
2. Move the right display arrowhead next to the FORMAT function with the
cursor buttons.
The display shows the message: “1.44 Mb?”
3. If necessary, use the Page
the procedure “720Kb?”.
button to pass to the next page to select
4. Press ENTER.
The display shows the message “Sure?”.
5. Press ENTER again to start the formatting procedure.
If you press ESCAPE, the formatting process is cancelled.
Format Hard Disk partition
This operation allows you to cancel all data contained in a partition and, as a
result, eliminate the partition from the HD directory.
1. Press the H DISK button and rotate the DIAL to select the partition that
you want to format.
2. Press ENTER and move the right display arrow next to the FORMAT
menu function with the Cursor buttons.
The display shows the message “DelPart?” as a request of confirmation of
the formatting process.
4. Press ENTER.
The display shows the message “Sure?”.
5. Press ENTER again.
In an intant the partition will be deleted from the Hard Disk directory.
If you press ESCAPE, the formatting process is cancelled.
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•41
Creating a new partition (New Part)
On the selection keypad, the button “+100/New Part” allows you to create a
new partition when you are working with the Hard Disk.
1. Press the H DISK button.
2. Press the “+100/HD New Part” button of the Sound keypad.
The display requests confirmation with the message: “New Part?”.
3. Confirm with ENTER.
4. At this point, you can insert a name for the new partition.
Use the Dial to enter characters and the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to
move the flashing cursor. Up to 8 characters can be used.
5. Press ENTER.
The display requests confirmation of the operation with the message:
“SURE?”.
6. Press ENTER again.
After a short instant, the new Hard Disk partition will be created.
Utility
The Utility page contains useful file handling functions both for Floppy disk as
well as Hard Disk: Copy File, Copy 1.44, Copy 720, ProtectDH, FormatHD.
Copy File
Use this function to copy files and partitions.
A. To copy a file from one partition to another, from a partition to a
new partition or from a partition to a floppy disk, proceed as follows:
1. If you are copying to a floppy, insert a floppy disk into the drive.
2. Press the H DISK button.
3. Select the desired partition (using the methods described) and press
ENTER to gain access.
4. Move the right display arrowhead next to the UTILITY menu function.
The display will show the message: “CpyFile”.
5. Press ENTER then rotate the DIAL to select the file you wish to copy.
6. Once you have selected the file required, press ENTER.
7. Rotate the Dial to choose one of the three possible destinations.
Floppy disk;
New Partition;
An existing Partition.
If you are copying to floppy, be sure that a floppy disk is inserted in the disk
drive.
8. Press ENTER to confirm and start the copy procedure.
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B. To copy a file from a floppy disk to a Hard disk partition, proceed
as follows:
1. Insert the Floppy containing the desired file into the disk drive and press
the F DISK button.
The display shows the name of the first file present on disk (names appear
in alphabetical order).
2. Move the right display arrowhead to the UTILITY menu function.
The display shows the message: “CpyFile”.
3. Press ENTER and select the file to copy with the DIAL.
4. After selecting the file press ENTER.
The display shows the Hard disk partitions (in alphabetical order).
5. Select the destination partition with the DIAL or +/– Sound keypad buttons.
6. Press ENTER to confirm and start the copy operation.
C. To copy the entire contents of a floppy disk (Copy 1.44, Copy
720) to a Hard disk partition, proceed as follows:
1. Insert the floppy disk you are working with into the disk drive and press
the F DISK button.
2. Select the UTILITY disk function with the cursor buttons, and choose
between the options “Copy144” or “Copy720” with the Page buttons,
depending on the floppy disk inserted in the drive.
3. Press ENTER and select the destination partition with the DIAL or +/–
Sound keypad buttons.
4. Press ENTER to confirm and start the copy operation.
D. To copy the entire contents of a partition to a floppy disk, proceed
as follows:
1. Insert the floppy disk you are working with into the disk drive.
2. Press the H DISK button and select the partition that you want to copy
using the DIAL.
3. Press ENTER and select the UTILITY menu function.
4. Choose between the options “Copy144” or “Copy720” with the Page
buttons, depending on the floppy disk inserted in the drive.
Be sure that the floppy disk you are copying to is of the correct capacity.
Bear in mind that the capacity of a Hard disk partition is automatically formatted to 1.44 Mb. If you are in doubt, always use 1.44 Mb floppies.
5. Press ENTER and select the destination (in this case Floppy disk) with
the Dial or the +/– Sound keypad buttons.
6. Press ENTER twice to confirm and start the copy procedure.
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•43
Hard Disk Protect (only for the WK2 Or HD version)
This option protects the Hard Disk from accidental operations that could irremediably erase one or more files.
1. Press the H DISK button and select any partition using the DIAL.
2. Press ENTER and select the UTILITY menu function with the Cursor
buttons.
3. Select the Protect option with the Page buttons.
Change the ON/OFF status of the protection option using the DIAL.
When ON, the Hard Disk is protected and no SAVE, DELETE or FORMAT
operations can be performed.
When OFF, the Hard Disk is no longer protected, allowing you to perform
Save, Delete and Format operations.
Be sure of the status of the Hard Disk protection option when you are working with the Hard disk.
Hard Disk Format
You can format the WK2 Or Hard Disk completely, eliminating all files present
in all partitions as well as all the partitions themselves.
1. Press the H DISK button and select any partition using the DIAL.
2. Press ENTER and select the UTILITY menu function.
3. Select the Format HD option with the Page buttons.
If you press ENTER, a confirmation request is displayed: “SURE?”.
Before confirming with ENTER a second time, be absolutely sure that you
are not about to cancel important data. The FORMAT HD option irremediably cancels all data present on Hard Disk.
Be sure of the status of the Hard Disk protection option when you are working with the Hard disk.
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2•44 User Guide
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General disk handling information
If you’re new to working with floppy disks are not sure as to how you should
handle these delicate accessories, read this section for some useful information.
Disk Drive
operating LED
Disk eject
button
Inserting a Disk into the drive
Floppy disks must be inserted into the disk drive label side up and shutter first.
Push the disk firmly in until it “clicks” into place.
Avoid forcing a disk into the drive and hold the disk straight while inserting it.
Ejecting a Floppy Disk
Before ejecting a disk, make sure that the disk drive operating LED is off and
that the WK2 Or display is not currently showing a disk operating message.
To extract the disk, press the eject button and remove the disk.
The Write Protect Tab
Floppy disks contain a write protect tab which allows you to protect valuable
data from being accidentally overwritten.
To prevent writing data to disk and so avoid accidental erasure, slide the tab
fully down to “open” the window.
To permit writing data to disk, slide the tab fully up to “close” the window.
Use a pen or other pointed object to set the tab as shown.
Disk not protected
Disk protected
Handling Floppy Disks
When handling floppy disks, certain precautions should be taken to avoid damage and/or data loss.
• Do not open the metal protection shutter or touch the surface of a disk.
• Do not transport WK2 Or with a floppy disk inserted in the disk drive. Vibrations may cause the disk drive head to scratch the disk, rendering it unusable.
• Do not store or place floppy disks in close proximity of television sets, computer monitors, loudspeakers, power transformers, or other devices that
are potential sources of magnetic fields. Doing so may render the disk
unusable.
• Do not store or place floppy disks in locations subject to extremes of temperature and humidity, direct sunlight, or excessive dust and dirt.
• Do not place objects on top of a floppy disk.
• Return disks to their protective cases after use.
Back-up copies
It is advisable to keep back-up copies of all your floppy disks. “Back-up” is
technical jargon for “a second copy” of a disk. Back-up copies of your data
stored in a safe place are extremely important, to safeguard against the loss or
damage to the originals, or against the loss of data contained in the instrument.
To copy data from one disk to another, you always need to go through the RAM
first, loading the original to RAM then saving it to the destination back-up floppy
disk.
Disk Drive Head Cleaning
After a prolonged period of use, disk save and load errors may become frequent due mainly to dirty disk drive heads, indicating that the disk drive head
may need cleaning. This can be done using a good-quality fluid-type head
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Disk & Hard Disk 2•45
cleaning kit for 3.5 inch (double-sided) disk drives. Do not use a cleaning kit
intended for single-sided disk drives.
1. Moisten the cleaning disk with cleaning fluid.
2. Insert the cleaning disk into the disk drive.
3. Execute a load function. An error message will appear. This is normal.
4. After approximately 10 seconds, eject the disk.
NB. Do not use the disk drive for about 5 minutes.
Precautions to observe when using WK2 Or disks with a computer
As occurs with the MS-DOS operating system, WK2 Or assigns file names not
longer than 8 characters, plus an identifying extension of three characters.
In the Macintosh, OS/2 and Windows 95 systems, a file name can be longer.
When a name is modified on these types of computers, the following rules
should be observed:
• do not change the file extension because it identifies the file type and therefore, the relative structure.
• do not write names longer that 8 characters.
Furthermore, owing to some limitations of the MS-DOS and Atari systems
(which other systems do not have), it is essential to bear in mind the following advice:
• do not insert spaces within a file name (e.g.: «MY FILE»). MS-DOS is not
able to recognize file names containing spaces. To separate a name into
two parts while retaining the MS-DOS compatibility, you must proceed as
follows:
separate two parts by the “underscore” symbol (e.g.: «MY_FILE»).
• do not assign two files the same name, one with uppercase letters and the
other with lowercase (e.g. «MYFILE» and «myfile»). MS-DOS and Atari
make no distinctions between uppercase and lowercase characters.
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2•46 User Guide
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Ch. 6 • Songs
What is a Song?
A Song is a multitrack recording of several instrumental parts, each corresponding to a track. It is possible to load disk-based Songs (or H.D. based) into the
WK2 Or RAM of the following formats: WK2, GMX, WK, PK, CD and Standard
MIDI File (SMF 0 and 1). Up to 7 Songs can be stored in the WK2 Or Song
memory locations (111-117).
It is important to remember that WK2 Or’s on-board sequencer cannot record
Songs, but a Midi controlling device can record Songs using the WK2 Or as a
16-part sound generator.
Note: When disk-based Songs load to
memory, they occupy the first available destination in a cyclic manner. If, for example, Song
locations 111 and 112 are already occupied,
the next Song loads to location 113 and so on,
until all 7 slots are full (111-117). Once the
Song memories are occupied, if you load another Song, it occupies the first location 111,
cancelling the existing song, and the loading
cycle starts again.
The Song Performance
Every WK2 Or Song contained in memory is governed by its associated Song
Performance. When a disk-based Song is loaded, or saved as a MIDI File
format, all the track parameters of the associated Performance are converted
into the corresponding MIDI messages (Program Change, Pan, Volume, effects).
The tracks of the Song Performance contain “MIDI events”; these correspond
to several different types of MIDI messages. These messages are divided into
Note, Pitch Bend and Program Change messages, and a series of Control
Change messages which control aspects such as Bank change for the sounds,
the Sustain pedal, Volume, the Pan and several other parameters. The MIDI
events contained in the tracks are not recordings of actual sounds, but messages which communicate with WK2 Or’s internal sound generator. A Song is
none other than a list of MIDI events for each track. The WK Songs can consist
of up o 16 tracks.
The Song Performances of Songs in memory can also be modified. See “Programming the Song Performance” further ahead.
The Play all Songs button
If you have a WK2 Or Songs disk, or have purchased a MIDI File data disk, or
if one of your Hard Disk partitions (for H.D. model only) contains Song Files,
you can play back all the files with a single command, without having to load
them to memory beforehand. The PLAY ALL SONGS button plays back all the
Songs or MIDI Files contained in the disk or H.D. partition one after the other.
1. Insert the Floppy Disk into the Drive and press the F DISK button.
If you are working with the Hard Disk, press the H DISK button, select a
partition containing Songs and press ENTER to gain access.
2. Press the PLAY ALL SONGS button.
After a short scanning period, the first Song or MIDI File on disk (or Hard
disk partition) starts to play.
Playback continues non-stop until all the Songs or MIDI Files on disk (or
Hard Disk partition) have been played.
Playback stops automatically when the last Song or Midi File reaches the
end.
3. Press the PLAY/STOP or START/STOP button to stop the current song.
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Songs 2•47
Selecting and playing back Songs
Up to 7 Songs can be loaded from Disk or Hard Disk into the Song memory,
corresponding to the User locations 111 – 117 section.
If your instrument does not have any Songs in memory, refer to the DISK chapter for explanations regarding how to load Songs and MIDI Files to memory
from Floppy Disk or Hard Disk.
To select a Song
Specify the Song number (111-117) on the selection keypad (set for SONG
selection).
For example: to select Song 112
1. Press the 100+ button of the STYEL / SONG keypad to specify the hundreds.
2. Enter the next two digits ‘1’ and ‘2’.
The arrowhead to the left of the display will move automatically to the SONG
menu function and the Song name is shown in the 8 digit display.
Once you have entered the Songs memory, you can use the Page buttons
to step through the songs one after the other.
Song Playback
1. After selecting the Song, press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
The playing speed (Tempo) is shown in the Tempo display area. While the
Song is playing, the “beat” indicators monitor the beats of each bar and the
measure counter shows the current song position.
2. Rotate the DIAL if you want to change the playback speed.
The DIAL is active for Tempo changes during playback.
Tempo and
beat indicators
3. Press the PLAY/STOP or START/STOP button to stop the playback.
The Song stops at a precise point (see the Measure counter).
4. Press the CONTINUE button to start the song from the point it was
stopped.
If, instead, you press the Play/Stop or Start/Stop again, the Song pointer
returns to the song start position (0) and the songs starts again.
5. Press PLAY/STOP or START/STOP to stop the song.
If you want to playback a Song or SMF File directly from disk without loading
the data to RAM, refer to the Direct from Disk method explained in the Disk
chapter, or use the Play All Songs button explained on the previous page.
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2•48 User Guide
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Fast Forward/Rewind (+ / –)
If a Song is in memory, it is possible to use the + / – buttons of the Style / Song
keypad as Fast Forward and Rewind buttons to advance or ‘rewind’ the Song
measure by measure. This allows you to start a Song from a previously selected measure.
1. After selecting the Song, press the + button (FF >>) repeatedly to advance one measure at a time until you reach the desired measure.
2. To “rewind” the Song, press the – button (REW <<) repeatedly until you
reach the desired measure.
3. To go directly to a specific measure, hold down both – and + buttons and
specify the required measure number on the keypad.
The entry zone corresponds to the Measure counter.
MEASURE ENTRY ZONE
Three digits are always required, therefore, to go, for example, directly to
measure 77, you must enter number “077”.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the number and pass to the specified measure.
To listen to the Song playback from the selected measure, use the CONTINUE
button: if you use PLAY/STOP, the song returns to beginning (measure 1). During
playback, you can use the + (FF >>) and – (REW <<) buttons freely.
NOTE: The FF/REW buttons can only be used on Songs residing in memory:
they are disabled in SONG STYLE mode and when playing back Songs using
the DIRECT FROM DISK method.
The Melody Off button
The MELODY OFF function allows you to listen to the Song playback without
the melody, useful for a singer to sing along with the backing, or to play along
with the song.
Press MELODY OFF to cancel the playback of the melody; the corresponding
display indicator turns on to show the activation of the function.
Programming the Song Performance
The Song Performance associated to the current Song can be modified, both
for the Sound assignments, as well as the track parameters: Volume, effect
Sends, Transpose, Detune, Pan, Vol Ped, Damper, Pitch/Mod, Pitch Range,
Edit Sound (see the Performance chapter for more details).
All 16 Tracks of the Song Performance are available. Use function button F9 to
switch from track set 01-08 [A] to set 09-16 [B]. The letter A or B shown in the
display tells at all times which track set is currently displayed.
TRACK SET
[A] 01-08
FLASHING
To modify the Song Track parameters:
1. With the Song selected, press the function button corresponding to the
track you wish to change. For example, press function button F3.
The Volume bar graphs will start to flash, indicating that the track is selected.
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Songs 2•49
2. Using the PAGE buttons, select the parameter that you want to edit and
use the Dial to change its value.
3. Press Escape to exit the edit of the selected track and repeat the operation for other tracks, if necessary.
4. When you have finished, hold down the STORE PERF button for about
2 seconds and press ENTER to confirm.
The modified Song Performance is stored to the current Song.
To assign a different sound to a track:
1. With the Song selected, press the function button once corresponding to
the track whose sound you want to change.
The volume bar graphs of the track start to flash.
2. Recall the sound you want by entering the corresponding number on the
Sound keypad.
3. When you have finished, hold down the STORE PERF button for 2
seconds and press ENTER to confirm.
The modified Song Performance is stored to the current Song.
Note: The Song Performance can be saved to any of the other Song locations
in memory.
Clear Song
If you are not satisfied with how a track of a Song or MIDI File plays, you can
cancel the track using the CLEAR function.
1. Select the Song that you want to work on and hold down the RECORD
button (in the Sequencer) for about 2 seconds.
The first CLEAR option (Clear All) is displayed.
2. Use the PAGE buttons to select the Clear option required.
ALL :
Clears (initializes) the SONG except the last programmed
Performance. In practice, only the recorded sequences
are cancelled leaving the Song Performance intact.
TEMPO :
Cancels any Tempo changes that may have been recorded
in the Tempo track.
COMMON :
Cancels all events from the Common track (for example,
Effect changes that may have been made at the time of
recording the Song).
TRACK 01 - 16 : Cancels the selected track. Rotate the Dial to select other
tracks.
3. Press ENTER.
A confirmation request appears (Sure?).
4. Press ENTER again to confirm the Clear operation.
Your Songs remain intact in memory even after power down.
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2•50 User Guide
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FLASHING
Play a Song track in real time with the Song in playback
Most of the Songs that you load into your WK2 Or will most probably have all
the tracks engaged by the sequencer. You can check this at a glance by looking at the status of the tracks in the display. If they are all on, including tracks
09-16 (use function button F9 toggle between track set A [01-08] and track set
B [09-16]), you’ll find that there are no free tracks to play along with the Song
during playback.
If one or more tracks are off, this indicates that they are not engaged by the
sequencer.
If you want to play along with your Song, you can either:
A) Disengage one of the tracks used by the Song, or;
B) Activate one of the tracks not used by the Song.
A. Disengage one of the tracks used by the Sequencer
1. Select a Song and press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
Check which tracks are not engaged for the Song.
FLASHING
2. Press one of the function buttons corresponding to an engaged track
three times.
The track’s sound number and volume bars starts to flash. The corresponding
track is no longer used by the sequencer but it is active to play in real time.
3. Play on the keyboard.
You’ll hear the sound that was previously assigned to the sequencer track.
Now you can play along with the Song.
4. To re-engage the track to the sequencer, press the same function button
once.
The track turns on, it is re-engaged by the sequencer and starts to play the
recorded notes of the Song.
FLASHING
B. Activate one of the tracks not used by the Song
1. Press the function button corresponding to a track not used by the Song
twice.
The sound number of the track starts to flash.
2. Play on the keyboard.
You’ll hear the sound currently assigned to the activated track.
3. Press the same button again to deactivate the track.
The track is deactivated for play.
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Songs 2•51
Displaying Lyrics
If your Song or MIDI File contains a Lyrics track, an external monitor can show
the lyrics in playback, allowing you to sing along with the Song.
In public venues, the lyrics can be projected onto an external colour monitor for
the audience to sing along with (Karaoke application).
To display lyrics on an external monitor or domestic TV
1. Connect the RGB or S-VHS connector to a monitor or domestic TV.
WK2 Or is set by default to communicate with video systems conforming to
the PAL standard. For USA systems which use the NTSC standard, set the
“Video Select Mode” parameter to NTSC under the MIDI/GENERAL function. If your TV set is fitted with the S-VHS socket, use the WK2 Or S-VHS
connector. Refer to the MIDI/GENERAL chapter for full details.
2. Go to the “TV Text” page under the MIDI/GENERAL function and set the
option to ON to enable the connection between the instrument and the
TV set.
Use the DIAL or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between the
On and Off status.
3. Tune the TV to the AV channel.
To select the AV channel, consult the owner’s manual of the television set.
Computer monitors or studio videos normally operate in AV mode.
4. Select a Song using the method already described.
5. Press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
The external monitor will scan the lyrics of the Song in synchronization with
the playback.
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2•52 User Guide
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Ch. 7 • Song Styles
A Song Style is an 8-track (max) Song created by recording a Style (Rom or
User) with the keyboard tracks (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). Song Styles offer an
excellent means of preparing backings for a soloist. For example, you can
record two keyboard tracks (Upper 2 & Lower) with accompaniments, then use
Upper 1 to play the melody in real time with the Song Style in playback.
Song Styles record all panel interventions made during the recording: changes
of Style, use of the Intro, Fills, Ending, Fade, activation/deactivation of the effects, Harmony On/Off and more. The events generated by the panel interventions are recorded in the COMMON track. The chords that trigger the autoaccompaniments are recorded in the CHORD track. The COMMON and CHORD
tracks activate automatically when you enter Song Style Record mode.
In practice, what you normally do in real time with a Style is captured by the
sequencer in Song Style Record mode to create a Song Style.
In many respects, Song Styles are similar to Songs but they do not contain a
Lyrics track and they cannot be saved as Midi Files.
Song Style Performances
A Song Style is governed by a single associated Song Style Performance which
determines how the Song Style plays. When you enter Song Style Record
mode by pressing the REC button, the instrument sets automatically for Song
Style recording and the Song Style Performance is automatically configured
according to the last selected Style (Rom or User).
Nevertheless, you are free to program the Song Style Performance before the
recording, using the methods already described in the Performance Chapter.
See also “Programming the Song Performance” further ahead.
Selecting and playing back Song Styles
Your WK2 Or is not supplied with Song Styles in memory. To be able to select
Song Styles, you must either record them using the procedure explained on
page 2.55 of this chapter, or load WK2 Or Song Styles from disk. WK2 Or can
house up to 7 Song Styles in the memory locations 104 - 110 (Free). Diskbased Song Styles in WK2 Or format only can be loaded to the RAM using the
Load All procedure. WK3 and PK7 format Song Styles are not compatible with
the WK2 Or.
If you have recorded or loaded some Song Styles, here’s how to select them
using the Style / Song selection keypad .
To select a Song Style
Specify the Song Style number (104-110) on the Style / Song keypad.
For example: to select Song Style 104
1. Press the 100+ button on the Style / Song keypad to specify the hundreds.
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Song Styles 2•53
2
2. Enter the next two digits ‘0’ and ‘4’.
1
The arrowhead to the left of the display will move automatically to the SONG
menu function and the Song Style name is shown in the 8 digit display.
Note: If the specified Song Style number recalls an empty location, the
display will show the message “Free”. In this case, you can program the
Song Style Performance and record the Song Style using the method described further ahead.
Once you have entered the Song Style memory, you can use the +/– buttons of the Style / Song keypad to step through the songs one after the
other.
Song Style playback
1. After selecting the Song Style, press PLAY/STOP to start the Song Style
playback.
The playing speed (Tempo) is shown in the Tempo display area. While the
Song style is playing, the “beat” indicators monitor the beats of each bar
and the measure counter shows the current song position.
If one of the keyboard tracks are free (activator LED on), you can use it to
play along with the Song Style (see “Play along with the Song Style” further
ahead).
If you recall an empty location (Free), pressing PLAY/STOP will have no
effect.
2. Rotate the DIAL if you want to change the playback speed.
The DIAL is active for Tempo changes during playback.
3. Press the PLAY/STOP or START/STOP button to stop the playback.
The Song Style stops at a precise point (see the Measure counter).
4. Press the CONTINUE button to start the Song Style from the point it was
stopped.
If, instead, you press the Play/Stop or Start/Stop again, the Measure counter returns to the Song Style start position (0) and the sequence starts again.
5. Press the PLAY/STOP button to stop the Song.
Note. If you press the START/STOP button by mistake, you will trigger the
last selected Style.
Play along with the Song Style
The Song Styles can be recorded with one, two or all three keyboard tracks
engaged by the sequencer. If one of the keyboard tracks has not been used for
the recording, it can be played in real time with the Song Style in playback.
When you select a Song Style for playback, you can see at a glance which
keyboard tracks have been recorded and which haven’t by looking at the status
of the keyboard activator LEDs (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower):
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2•54 User Guide
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Tempo and
beat indicators
if the LED of the corresponding keyboard activator is on, the track is free to
play in real time;
if the LED is off, the track is engaged by the sequencer and cannot play in
real time.
TRACK CAN
BE PLAYED
TRACKS CAN’T
BE PLAYED
To play along with the Song Style, therefore, you can:
A) Disengage one of the keyboard tracks used by the sequencer;
B) Play a keyboard track not used by the sequencer.
Note: the accompaniment tracks can only be muted using the corresponding function buttons - they cannot be used for real time playing.
A. Disengage one of the keyboard tracks used by the Sequencer
1. With the Song Style selected, press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
Check the status of the keyboard activator LEDs. In our example, all three
LEDs are off, meaning that the Song Style has used up all three keyboard
tracks for the recording.
2. Press the keyboard activator corresponding to one of the engaged keyboard tracks to disengage it.
For example, press UPPER 1. The LED of the activator button turns on.
3. Play on the keyboard.
You’ll hear the sound assigned to the Upper 1 keyboard track. Now you can
play along with the Song Style.
To re-engage the track to the sequencer, press the same activator button.
The LED turns off and the keyboard track is re-engaged by the sequencer.
If you play on the keyboard, no sound will play.
B. Play a keyboard track not used by the Sequencer
1. With the Song Style selected, press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
Check the status of the keyboard activator LEDs. In this example, two LEDs
are off (Upper 1 and Lower) and one LED is on (Upper 2). In this case, the
Upper 2 keyboard section is free and can be played in real time.
2. Play on the keyboard and you’ll hear the Upper 2 sound.
If you press the Upper 2 button, the section will be muted.
Note: instead of using the keyboard activators (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower), you can also
use the corresponding function buttons (F7,
F8, F9) to activate/mute/disengage the keyboard tracks of the Song Style.
Song Style Recording
Before recording a Song Style, it is convenient to completely erase the sequencer memory in order to fully exploit the RAM memory, but more importantly, to be able to save the Song Style without unwanted elements. The Song
Style is saved as an ALL data set, therefore, whatever is contained in RAM will
also form part of the Song Style. It is better, therefore, to record a Song Style
with a clean and empty RAM to start with.
To clear the RAM of all the contents, refer to the INIT (restore) function under
MIDI/GENERAL. If you use the “InitSEQ” option, this will remove all sequence
data but will retain all your Performances and Samples. Refer to the MIDI/
GENERAL chapter for more details. See also page 2.14 of the Performance
chapter.
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Song Styles 2•55
Preparing to record a Song Style
You can prepare to record a Song Style in three ways:
1. Select the Rom or User Style that you wish to use for the recording then
press the RECORD button in the SEQUENCER.
2. Select an empty Song Style location (Free) and program the Song Style
Performance. Save the changes to the same location with Store Perf and
Enter, then press the RECORD button. See the Performance chapter, or
refer to the brief explanation under the paragraph “Programming the Song
Style Performance” on page 2.57 of this chapter.
3. Enter directly into Song Style recording by pressing the RECORD button
(see below).
Recording a Song Style
1. Press the RECORD button in the SEQUENCER.
The first free Song Style location is automatically set up for the recording,
showing one or more keyboard sections ready to record (a flashing “REC”
symbol is shown above the tracks).
Also shown flashing is the CHORD track (corresponding to function button
F6). This is the track that captures all Chord events played. This track
activates only if the Song Style is empty.
FLASHING
CHORD TRACK
The LEDs of the relative activators are also shown on to indicate which
keyboard tracks are being recorded. The keyboard tracks activate according to the status of the last selected Style.
At this point you have two choices:
2A. Record keyboard events only: Press PLAY/STOP to start the sequencer and record the keyboard track events only.
The Style accompaniments will not trigger with PLAY/STOP, even if you
play chords on the lower section of the connected keyboard. This allows
you to record, for example, some introductory bars without accompaniment.
You can then introduce the accompaniments with Start/Stop.
2B. Record keyboard and accompaniment tracks: Press the START/
STOP button and start playing with both hands.
This triggers the Style auto-accompaniments and allows you to start recording the Song Style.
You can also start the recording using one of the following options:
• Press KEY START and start to play with both hands on the keyboard.
• Press INTRO, FILL or ENDING before start to record the Song Style with
an introduction.
• Press FADE followed by Start/Stop to start the accompaniments with a
gradual increase of volume.
3. Continue the recording as if you were playing with a Style.
• Use the Fills;
• Change Variation;
• Change Style;
• Adjust the Volumes;
• Use the pedals (Volume and/or Damper);
• Change the sounds etc.......
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2•56 User Guide
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4. When you want to end your Song Style, you can either:
• Stop the Sequencer with PLAY/STOP: this stops the recording instantly.
• Stop recording the accompaniment tracks with START/STOP: this
stops the auto-accompaniments, but the sequencer continues to record the
keyboard events.
• Stop recording the accompaniment tracks with ENDING: this stops
the auto-accompaniments, but the sequencer continues to record the keyboard events. Press PLAY/STOP when you want to stop recording the keyboard tracks.
• Stop the recording with FADE: this stops the recording with a gradual
fade of volume.
Listen to the recorded Song Style
1. When you have finished recording the Song Style, press RECORD or
ESCAPE to deactivate the Sequencer.
2. Press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.
3. If a keyboard track is not engaged by the sequencer, you can use it to
play along with the Song Style.
Programming the Song Style Performance
NOTE: The FF (>>) and REW (<<) buttons are
not enabled in Song Style mode. These two
buttons advance/rewind Songs only (see the
Song chapter).
The Song Style Performance associated to the current Song Style can be modified, both for the Sound assignments, as well as the track parameters: Volume,
effect Sends, Transpose, Detune, Pan, Vol Ped, Damper, Pitch/Mod, Pitch
Range, Edit Sound (see the Performance chapter for specific details regarding
the parameters and their values).
FLASHING
To modify the Track parameters:
1. With the Song Style selected, press the function button corresponding to
the track you want to modify.
If you select an accompaniment track or an engaged keyboard track, the
name of the section starts to flash. If you select a keyboard track not used
in the recording, the sound number starts to flash and the name disappears.
In the example shown opposite, F8 is pressed to select the Upper 2 section.
2. Using the PAGE buttons, select the parameter that you want to edit and
use the Dial to change its value.
3. Press ESCAPE to exit the edit of the selected track and repeat the operation for other tracks, if necessary.
4. When you have finished, hold down the STORE PERF button for about
2 seconds and press ENTER to confirm.
The modified Song Style Performance is stored to the current Song Style.
FLASHING
To assign a different sound to a track:
1. With the Song Style selected, press the function button corresponding to
the track whose sound you want change.
The track (name or sound number) starts to flash.
2. Recall the sound you want using the selection methods already described.
3. When you have finished, hold down the STORE PERF button for 2
seconds and press ENTER to confirm.
The modified Song Style Performance is stored to the current Song Style.
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Song Styles 2•57
Clear Song Style
If the Song Style is not to your satisfaction, it is possible to intervene by cancelling some parameters by means of the CLEAR function. The CLEAR function
is carried out in RECORD mode.
1. With the Song Style selected, hold down the RECORD button for a few
seconds to gain access to the CLEAR function.
The first Clear option (All) is shown in the display
2. Use the PAGE buttons to select the Clear option required.
ALL:
Clears (initializes) all the recorded events of the SONG
STYLE except the last programmed Performance. In practice, only the recorded sequences are cancelled from the
last recorded Song Style.
CHORD:
When the CHORD track is empty, the name “CHORD”
starts to flash to indicate that it is ready to record chord
events. The Chord track can only be recorded once; if
you want to record the chord track again (to cancel wrong
events), you must clear the entire track with Clear CHORD.
LOWER:
Cancels the Lower track.
UPPER 2:
Cancels the Upper 2.
UPPER 1:
Cancels the Upper 1.
TEMPO:
Cancels all Tempo events captured in the Tempo track.
COMMON:
The Common track records all events generated by the
panel interventions effected during the recording (Arabic
Scale selections, changes of Var, Fill, etc.). Clear Common cancels all these type of events from the recording.
3. Once you have selected the event type press ENTER.
A confirmation request appears (Sure?).
4. Press ENTER again to confirm the Clear operation.
Your recorded Song Styles remain intact in memory even after power down.
Nevertheless, to avoid unwanted cancellation, it is better to save them to
disk or Hard Disk (using the Save All command) for future use.
Song Style name
FLASHING
You can assign a new name to your Song Style in RECORD mode:
1. With the Song Style selected, press the RECORD button.
2. Use the Page
button to enable the name write function.
3. Write a name using the procedure described in the paragraph “Text Entry” on page 1.18 of the Quick Guide.
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2•58 User Guide
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Ch. 8 • Programmable Styles (User)
The WK2 Oriental sequencer memory can contain up to 8 User programmable
Styles (96 - 103) which you can either load from disk or hard disk (H.D. version
only) or record yourself.
The Generalmusic disk-based User Style library contains a vast selection of
User Styles to choose from. If you have purchased the WK2 Or H.D. version,
you will find over 100 User Styles ready to be loaded to memory at any time.
How to load User Styles is discussed in the Disk & Hard Disk chapter.
There are two different ways of making a new Style.
The first method is the quickest and involves modifying copies of existing Styles.
The second method is the most interesting because it allows you to record
every part of the Style yourself (Drums, Bass, Acc.1, Acc.2, Acc.3), including
the Variations and the Intro, Fill and Ending patterns. Use is made of the four
buttons marked MODE, COPY, CLEAR, QUANTIZE (these four buttons are
normally used in Style playback mode for the Fills, Tap Tempo and Fade functions).
Let’s start with the second method.
User Style Recording
Important: If you have purchased one of the
earlier production versions of the WK2 Oriental, the four functions MODE, COPY, CLEAR
and QUANTIZE may not be silkscreened under the Fade/Fill buttons. For this purpose,
earlier production models include an appropriate adhesive which should be applied under
the Fade/Fill buttons.
Understanding the Style structure and the Riff
The first thing you need to know when you want to make a new Style is how a
Style is structured. You already know that the automatic accompaniments are
based on the system of chords. In particular, the Major, minor and seventh
chords trigger three completely different arrangement patterns. There are 4
Variations of the Major, minor and 7th and each Variation breaks down into
several different elements: the basic pattern, the Intro, the Fill and the Ending
patterns. These four elements form the basis of a structure consisting of 40
short sequences, or “Riffs”, for each Style.
A Riff is a musical motif capable of repetition (looping). In fact, when you play
with Styles, you will note that the patterns are in fact short repeating sequences.
The basic Riff is the principal pattern of the Style which repeats continually until
stopped, or until it is temporarily “broken” by a Fill, Intro or Ending pattern. A
Riff can vary in length from one to sixteen bars (measures) long. Each Riff can
consist of up to 5 Style tracks: Drums, Bass, Acc1, Acc2, Acc3.
Var1
Var2
Var3
Var4
Major1 basic
Major2 basic
Major3 basic
Major4 basic
minor1 basic
minor2 basic
minor3 basic
minor4 basic
7th1 basic
7th2 basic
7th3 basic
7th 4 basic
IntroMajor1
IntroMajor2
IntroMajor3
IntroMajor4
Introminor1
Introminor2
Introminor3
Introminor4
Intro7th1
Intro7th2
Intro7th3
Intro7th4
EndMajor1
EndMajor2
EndMajor3
EndMajor4
Endminor1
Endminor2
Endminor3
Endminor4
End7th1
End7th2
End7th3
End7th4
Fill1
Fill2
Fill3
Fill4
The Style Riffs
Enter User Style Record mode and set the starting parameters
The easiest way to learn about how to make a new User Style is to try an
example. The following procedure explains all the options available when recording your new Style.
Recall an empty User Style
1. Specify one of the User Style location numbers (96-103) on the Style /
Song selection keypad.
In this example, select 96 on the keypad.
The name of the user location selected is shown as “User01”, where the
number changes according to the User Style number recalled (01=96, 02=97,
etc.).
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User Styles 2•59
Note: if you have already loaded some User
Styles into memory, either select a number that
you know to be empty, or cancel a User Style
using the Clear Style function explained further ahead.
2. Hold down the RECORD button of the Sequencer for about 2 seconds to
enter User Style Record mode.
FLASHING
The first time you enter User Style Record mode, the instrument sets automatically to record 2 bars (measures) of the Major riff of the Drums track
(U01:DRM:Maj>). The Program Change number of the Drums Track is also
shown flashing in the display.
If you play on the keyboard, you will hear a different percussion sound play
for each note pressed.
Select a Variation to record - [Optional step]
3. The Variation being recorded will depend on the Var LED shown on, but
you can change it by pressing the corresponding button.
In this example we are recording Variation 1.
Change the recording speed (Tempo) - [Optional step]
4. If you wish to record your Style at a different tempo, simply rotate the
Dial.
Before you start recording, you may wish to change the preset recording
speed, set at the default value of 120.
Whatever Tempo variations you make during the recording are not recorded,
therefore, if you think the 120 setting is too fast or too slow to start with,
rotate the dial to set the speed required.
Select a different track to record - [Optional step]
5. If you prefer to start recording your new Style with one of the other tracks,
use the function buttons F1 - F5 to select the track you wish.
F1 = Drums, F2 = Bass, F3 = Acc.1, F4 = Acc. 2, F5 = Acc. 3.
In the example, we are recording the Drums track.
Note: It is usually best to record the Drums track first because it provides
the timing for all the other tracks that you will record afterwards.
Select a different Riff - [Optional step]
6. If you prefer to record a different Riff, use the +/– buttons of the Sound
keypad to select the riff required.
The riffs available in the order of selection are shown in the table on page
2.59.
In the example, we are recording the basic Major riff of the Drums track.
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2•60 User Guide
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Set the Time Signature, record key and number of bars - [Optional step]
7. If you wish to change the starting parameters, press the MODE button.
When you enter Style Record mode for the first time, the Riff automatically
selected for recording sets with a time signature of 4/4, the record key of “C”
and a riff length of 2 bars.
To change the Time Signature: the MODE display is shown with the numerator of the Time Signature flashing and ready to be changed if necessary.
Rotate the Dial to enter the value required.
Press the + button (Sound) to move the flashing cursor to the denominator
value and rotate the Dial to enter the value required.
The possible Time Signatures available are:
1/2; 1/4; 1/8 - 2/2; 2/4; 2/8 - 3/2; 3/4; 3/8 - 4/2; 4/4; 4/8 - 5/4; 5/8 - 6/4; 6/8 7/4; 7/8 - 8/4; 8/8 - 9/8 - 10/8 - 11/8 - 12/8 - 13/8 - 14/8 - 15/8 - 16/8.
FLASHING
FLASHING
To change the Key parameter, press the + button (Sound) to move the
flashing cursor and rotate the Dial to select the record key.
The note symbol (in this case “C”) starts to flash.
Rotate the Dial to enter the value required.
Choosing to record your Styles in a preferred key provides musical uniformity because it guarantees the correct transposition of your chords when you
change key in Style playback mode.
It is preferable to record in the key of C for Major riffs, the key of D for minor
riffs and the key of G for 7th riffs.
FLASHING
To set the number of bars for the riff, press the + button (Sound) to
move the flashing cursor and rotate the Dial to enter the bar length.
You can record up to 16 bars for the Riff.
8. Press the ESCAPE button to exit the MODE menu and return to the
User Style Record mode.
FLASHING
B. Start recording the User Style
Once you have set all your starting parameters, proceed to record your new
Style as explained below.
1. Press START/STOP to start the recording.
The Metronome starts and a one measure (bar) countdown (lead-in) starts.
During this phase, any notes you play will not be captured by the sequencer.
The “measure” counter monitors the recording by counting the measures
and beats as the recording proceeds. “00” corresponds to the countdown
measure.
2. Start playing after the lead-in.
The sequencer starts to capture the notes played. When the end of the riff
is reached, the recording loops back to the beginning and repeats.
The looping feature is particularly useful for the Drums track because it
allows you to build the pattern by adding new drum sounds to those already
recorded.
3. When you have finished recording the first track, press Start/Stop to stop
recording.
The number of the Drums track continues to flash.
4. Confirm the recorded track by pressing the corresponding function button twice.
In this case, press F1 (Drums track) twice.
This is to confirm the recording and deactivate the Drums sounds from the
keyboard.
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User Styles 2•61
5. Select the next track to record using the corresponding function button.
In this case, we will record the Bass track, therefore, press function button
F2. The display shows the Drums track in “play” mode and the Bass track in
record (flashing).
FLASHING
6. Press START/STOP to start recording the next track (in this case the
Bass).
The Drums track starts to playback exactly as recorded.
7. Start to record the notes for the Bass accompaniment pattern.
8. When you have finished recording the track, press Start/Stop to stop
recording.
9. Confirm the recorded track by pressing the corresponding function button twice (in this case Bass - F2).
10.Proceed with the recording of other tracks using the same methods described above.
When you have finished recording the tracks of the first Variation, you have
several options to choose from:
• Select another Riff (DrumMinor, Drum7th, DrumIntro, DrumEnding,
DrumFill, etc.).
In this case, select the Riff with the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
• Select another Variation. In this case, press one of the Var buttons
shown off.
To obtain the best results, keep things as simple as possible and render
each variation richer by gradually increasing the number of notes and tracks.
For example, record the Major Variation 1 with only three tracks (Drums,
Bass, Acc1) using simple patterns. For Variation 2, record the Major and
minor riffs for the three tracks (Drums, Bass, Acc1) but with slightly different
patterns. For Variation 3, record the Major and minor riffs for four tracks
(Drums, Bass, Acc1, Acc2), with more pattern changes. For Variation 4,
record all the Major, minor and 7th riffs for all 5 tracks (Drums, Bass, Acc1,
Acc2; Acc3), this time with richer patterns. For each variation, try to record
different Intro and Ending patterns for the Maj, min and 7th riffs. Only one
Fill per variation can be recorded.
11. When you have finished recording your new User Style, press ESCAPE
to exit the Sequencer.
Listen to the User Style playback
1. Press Start/Stop to start the User Style.
Note: If you have recorded less than 4 Variations, check that the LED of
one of the recorded Variations is on, otherwise pressing Start will has no
effect.
2. Play with the User Style as you would play a Rom Style.
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2•62 User Guide
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Editing your new User Style
Overdub, Quantize, Clear Note, Clear Riff, Clear Tempo, Clear All
Style
If the User Style is not to your satisfaction, there are several things you can do
to put it right. These operations can be carried out as soon as you finish recording a riff, or when you have recorded all the Style.
1. If you have just finished recording a riff, remain in Record mode.
2. If you are not in Record mode, press the RECORD button to enter Record
mode and select the Riff to edit.
Use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select the Riff and the function
buttons F1 - F5 to select the track.
At this point carry out one of the following edit operations:
Add new events (Overdub)
If a riff sounds too scarce, you can add new events to those already recorded.
1. Listen to the playback of the riff in record mode.
2. Play the notes that you want to add to the sequence.
The new events are overdubbed (added) to the old.
3. Stop the playback and repeat the procedure for other riffs if necessary.
Quantize
Quantize is an auto corrector of timing during the recording phase. This function is particularly useful if your timing is not so good, because it “shifts” recorded events to the nearest fraction of a bar according to the resolution determined by the current Quantize value.
1. Listen to the playback of the riff that needs to be optimized and press the
QUANTIZE button.
Playback stops and the display shows the current Quantize value.
2. Rotate the Dial and select a new quantize value.
3. Press Start/Stop to listen to the playback.
4. If the sequence sounds ok, press ENTER twice to confirm the quantized
recording.
If the sequence still sounds out of time, press Start/Stop to stop playback,
select a new Quantize value and start the playback again. Continue in this
way until you have optimized the sequence correctly.
Use the same method for all the recorded riffs that you think require optimization.
Clear note
If a riff contains wrong notes, you can erase up to 5 single notes from a recorded track.
1. Select the recorded Riff and press the CLEAR button.
2. Select the Track you want to work on with the corresponding function button. In this case, we are erasing a note in the Drums track.
3. Start the playback and look at the measure counter to see at which point
the note to erase is played.
4. An instant before the sequencer reaches the intervention point, press
the note to erase on the connected keyboard.
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User Styles 2•63
In this way you can erase up to 5 notes from the riff in playback.
5. Press Start/Stop to stop the sequence.
6. Press Escape twice.
Use the same method for all the recorded riffs that you think require optimization.
Note: If you press Enter twice, you will clear the entire Riff.
Clear Track, Clear Riff, Clear Tempo, Clear All
The CLEAR function can clear a single Track of a Riff, all the tracks of a Riff, the
Tempo track of the entire Style or the entire Style.
Clear Track and Clear Riff affect the current Variation. Clear Tempo and Clear
All affect the entire Style.
1. With the Style in Record mode, press the CLEAR button.
2. Select the Riff to clear using the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
You can choose between the following
Maj, Min, 7th, Int, In–, In7, End, En–, En7, Fill, Tempo, ALL.
3. Select the Variation by pressing the corresponding Var button.
4. Select a Track to erase by pressing the corresponding function button
(F1 - F5).
5. Select Clear Tempo with the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad if you
want to cancel the recording speed that you used to record your Style
and set the default tempo of 120.
You can also cancel Tempo changes recorded in other compatible User
Styles (WK3, PS1500).
6. Select Clear All with the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to cancel the
entire Style.
7. After selecting the element required (track, riff, Tempo, All), press ENTER twice.
If you press ESCAPE, you return to the record mode display.
A recorded track is easily identified by the track name that appears above
the Program change number.
Save your User Styles to disk
User Styles remain intact in memory after power down, but to avoid losing your
programmed data, it is best to save your User Styles to disk or Hard Disk. Use
the Save Style or Save Styles procedures explained in the Disk & Hard Disk
Chapter.
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2•64 User Guide
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Style Copy
The COPY function is the quickest method of making a new Style, because it
allows you to copy an existing Style (Rom or User) to one of the 8 User Style
locations available in memory 96-103), then modify the copy.
You can, for example, modify a Rom Style copy by adding or removing notes
from one or more riffs of the Style tracks.
1. After entering Record mode, press the COPY button.
The display shows the following message:
FLASHING
The flashing left Style number represents the source Style. The right number
represents the destination, which is selected automatically. For example, if
a User Style already occupies location 96, the destination number shown
will be 97.
2. Rotate the Dial to select the Style to copy.
You can also use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
You can choose the numbers from 00 - 103.
3. Press ENTER twice to confirm the operation.
At this point, you can add or remove events, cancel tracks and record new
ones, etc., using the methods already explained.
Pressing Escape returns to the record mode display.
The User Style Performance
All empty User Styles carry a default User Style Performance consisting of the
following Sounds assigned to the accompaniment tracks:
Default User Style Performance configuration
Track
Sound
Pr. Change
Drums
Stand1
112
Bass
Finger
33
Acc1
Piano1
00
Acc2
SteelGtr
25
Acc3
Strings
48
Programming the User Style Performance
Unlike the Performances for Real Time, Song Style and Song modes, the User
Style Performance cannot be accessed directly from the Performance Recall
button. Each User Style is associated to a single Style Performance which is
stored to the current User Style location only and not to other locations.
A User Style Performance must be programmed while you are in User Style
Record mode. Use the methods already described in the Performance chapter
to change the sounds and track parameters. Check that the name of the track
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User Styles 2•65
appears above the Program change number (press the corresponding function
button twice).
Once you have programmed the User Style Performance, hold down the PERF
STORE button and confirm with ENTER.
The modifications are memorized directly to the User Style location.
Proceed with the recording as already described.
Naming your User Style
You can give your User Style a name using the procedure already described in
the Performance chapter. It is important to remember that you must be in Record
mode before you press the Page button to select the Performance Name write
page.
1. With the User Style selected, hold down the RECORD button of the Sequencer to enter Record mode (if necessary).
2. Press the PAGE
button to pass to the name page.
FLASHING
3. Proceed to enter the name using the keyboard and the +/– buttons of the
Sound keypad, as already described in the Performance chapter on page
2.13. See also page 1.18 of the Quick Guide.
4. Hold down the PERF STORE button and confirm with ENTER.
The User Style name will be memorized.
Recording Program Change data
If you change a Sound during your recording, the relative Program Change
data is captured in the track.
Bear in mind, however, that in playback, the track(s) containing a sound change
event will play the first cycle of the riff with the correct starting sound and will
proceed as recorded with the change of sound. On the second and all subsequent cycles of the riff, playback will proceed with the last recorded Program
Change, therefore, the starting Sound will no longer be heard, unless you stop
the Style and start again.
To avoid this situation, you must remember to record a change back to the
starting Sound an instant before the end of the first Riff cycle. In this way, all
subsequent riff cycles that follow will start with the original starting sound.
Sound changes are best made in riffs of at least 4 bars or more in length.
Recording Control data
Control data generated by the on-board controllers (Pedals, Trackball) of the
WK2 Or, are recorded in the tracks. If you want to record these events, remember to activate the tracks for their reaction to Pitch, Modulation and Damper
events in the relative User Style Performance.
To record Section Volume events, use the Volume pedal (optional). Remember
to program the Volume Pedal for Section Volume control under the Midi/General menu.
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2•66 User Guide
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Ch. 9 • Digital Signal Processor
WK2 Oriental allows you to route the Performances (Style, User Style, Song
Style and Song Performances) to the on-board multi-effects processor which
renders the overall sound more realistic.
The Digital Signal Processor section consists of two units which process the
Performances with Reverbs and Delay/Modulation effects. Each processor
has an effect Send control to independently regulate the level (volume) of the
effect for each track of the current Performance.
The REVERB and CHORUS buttons are found in the group of buttons under
the UTILITY section on the right of the control panel.
Reverb
When the REVERB DSP is active (display indicator on), the current Performance is processed by the assigned Reverb type. The overall ‘wet’ sound (processed) can be heard through the spoeakers and headphones and is delivered
from the stereo Left and Right outputs.
When the REVERB DSP is deactivated (display indicator off), the Performance
is not processed by the assigned Reverb type and the sounds are therefore
delivered ‘dry’.
Chorus
When the CHORUS DSP is active (display indicator on), the current Performance is processed by the assigned modulating effect type. The overall ‘wet’
sound (processed) can be heard through the speakers and headphones and is
delivered from the stereo Left and Right outputs.
When the CHORUS DSP is deactivated (display indicator off), the Performance is not processed by the assigned Chorus type and the sounds are therefore delivered ‘dry’.
Assigning the effect types
Note: The CHORUS processor contains
modulations and various delay/echo effects.
Also present is the ROTARY effect which can
be changed from SLOW to FAST and vice
versa, using the ENTER and ESCAPE buttons
(only in the principal play modes such as
Sound, Perf, Style, Song, etc.).
Regardless of the current mode (Style/Real Time, Song Style, Song mode), the
method used to select and assign the effects to the current Performance is the
same.
How to select the effect types
1. Hold down the REVERB button to gain access to the Reverb DSP.
OR;
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Digital Signal Processor 2•67
2. Hold down the CHORUS button to gain access to the Chorus DSP.
The left arrowhead moves next to the REVERB or CHORUS menu function.
The 8 digit display shows the name of effect type assigned to the current
Performance and the 3 digit display shows the general effect volume level.
3. Use the PAGE buttons to select a different effect type.
This method allows you to scroll through the effect types available. Both
DSP units (Reverb and Chorus) have 22 effect types to choose from.
One effect type from each DSP can be assigned to a Performance.
Change the general effect volume:
4. Rotate the Dial, or use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change
the general effect volume.
Repeat the operations if necessary for the other DSP.
Save the effect types to the Performance.
5. Press STORE PERFORMANCE and confirm with ENTER to save the
changes to the current Performance.
If you select a different Performance, or select the same one again without
saving the changes, the newly assigned effects will be lost and the original
settings will be restored.
Saving the Effects to the Direct Sound Memory buttons
If, instead of saving the Performance, you prefer to save the current real time
sound combination and effects settings to the Direct Sound Memory buttons,
simply hold down one of the buttons for about 2 seconds. This will allow you to
recall the memorized sound combination and effects settings at any time, provided that the sequencer is not in play. If, at this point, you recall a Style (using
the selection keypad or the Direct Style Memory buttons), the effects recalled
by the Style will override those memorized in the sound combination.
Deactivating (bypassing) the effects
You can bypass one or both effect types assigned to the current Performance
at any time.
•
Press the REVERB or CHORUS button repeatedly to toggle between
the ON and OFF status.
The corresponding display indicator responds by turning on or off accordingly.
Adjusting the Send levels
Each track of the current Performance can be independently adjusted for the
amount of Reverb (RevSend) or Effect (ChoSend) applied.
RevSend :
Controls the REVERB level for each track of the current
Performance.
ChoSend :
Controls the CHORUS level for each track of the current
Performance.
How to set the Send parameters is explained in detail in the Performance chapter, under the paragraph “Programming the Performances”. On page 2.11 of
the same chapter, you will also find details regarding the RevSend and ChoSend
parameter values that can be applied.
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2•68 User Guide
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Ch. 10 • Midi/General
The Midi/General menu contains a number of master control features which
affect the instrument as a whole, and a set of MIDI functions to configure the
instrument for MIDI setups. The functions under the Midi/General menu are
summarized as follows:
Pedal
Volume Pedal
Tuning
Ar Tune
MicTune
MixLock
DSPLock
Reverb
Chorus
KeyTouch
Serial Port
TV
TV:text
MidiENT
Init
Release
Allows you to assign a function to the optional switch pedal
connected to the rear panel Pedal jack.
Allows you to set the Volume pedal to adjust the Overall
Volume or Section volume.
Controls the tuning of the instrument.
Tunes all the Arabic notes of the currently selected Arabic
Scale setting in steps of 1/32nd of a quarter tone.
Fine tunes an individual Arabic note of the currently selected Arabic Scale setting in steps of 1/127th of a tone.
When ON, this parameter locks the volume settings of the
track for all performances.
When ON, this parameter locks the effects settings
(Reverb and Chorus) for all Performances and Styles.
Allows you to adjust the general Reverb volume for the
entire instrument.
Allows you to adjust the general Chorus volume for the
entire instrument.
Allows you to activate/deactivate the keyboard velocity
sensitivity.
Allows you to set the port for the type of computer being
used (PC1, PC2, MAC).
Allows you to set the video standard when connecting to
a Television set to project Song lyrics (PAL [Europe] and
NTSC [U.S.A.]).
Allows you to enable/disable the projection of Song lyrics
on an external video device (TV, Monitor) connected to
the instrument’s Video interface.
Contains 9 MIDI related parameters which can be
accessed by pressing ENTER. How to select and modify
the relative parameters is explained on page 2.75.
Restores the instrument’s RAM memory data to the original factory settings.
Allows you to check the release date of the instrument’s
operating system.
Selection and modification of the Midi/General functions
1. Move the left arrowhead next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu function with
the Cursor [ ] or [ ] buttons.
The display shows the first function of the Midi/General menu:
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General 2•69
2. With the Page [ ] and [ ] buttons you can navigate through the pages of
the General menu.
3. Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change the status
or value of the selected GENERAL parameter.
4. If you select the MIDIENT menu, press ENTER to gain access and use
the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select the MIDI functions.
To program the Channel and Local functions, press ENTER to gain access
to the relative parameters and use the Dial and/or Function buttons F1-F9
to modify their values.
See the MIDIENT paragraph on page 2.75 for further instructions.
5. Press ESCAPE as many times as necessary to exit the MIDI/GENERAL
menu.
The General settings remain memorized even after turning the instrument off.
The changes made under the MIDI Channel, Local and MIDISet functions can
be saved to the Performances while other Midi settings affect the instrument on
a global basis.
The General functions in detail
PEDAL
Ped:SwUp1/2: Here you can assign a function to the switch pedal (optional)
inserted in the real panel Pedal jack. Select the function to assign with the Dial
or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
The assignable functions are:
Ped:Sw Up1/2: allows you to switch from the Upper 1 and Upper 2 keyboard sections by kicking the pedal. This is useful to alternate between the
two sections in order change sound without interrupting your playing.
Ped:St/Stp: starts and stops the automatic accompaniments of the Styles.
Ped:Fill A: triggers the Fill A when playing with Styles.
Ped:Fill IN: triggers the Fill IN when playing with Styles.
Ped:Fill B/TAP: triggers the Fill B when playing with Styles. In Style Stop
status, the Pedal simulates the Tap Tempo function which allows you to start
the Style by tapping on the Pedal. See Tap Tempo in the Styles chapter.
Ped:Intro: presets the Intro of the current Variation when playing with Styles.
If pressed while a Style is playing, the Intro plays as a fill.
Ped:Ending: triggers the Ending of the current Variation.
Ped:VocMute: (only if the A.V.P. accessory is installed) Activates/Mutes the
Vocal track when using the Audio Vocal Processor.
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2•70 User Guide
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VOLUME PEDAL
Vol Ped: (All/Sec) This function determines whether the Volume pedal connected to the rear-panel Volume Ped jack controls the general volume of the
instrument (ALL) or single sections (SEC).
Select the ALL or SEC setting with the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound
keypad.
TUNING
00:Tuning: (–63 … 00 … +63) This function adjusts the pitch of the instrument
in steps of 1/64th of a tone. The 00 setting corresponds to standard A=440 Hz.
Change the Tuning value with the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
ARABIC TUNING
00:ArTune: (–31 … 0 … +31) This parameter tunes all the Arabic notes of the
currently selected Arabic Scale setting in steps of 1/32nd of a quarter tone.
Change the Microtuning value with the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound
keypad.
MICROTUNE
00:MicroX: (01 … 127) This parameter fine tunes an individual note of the
Arabic Scale in steps of 1/127th of a tone. The note “X” has the range: C, C#,
D, Db, E, F, F#, G, Ab, A, Bb, B.
Play the Arabic note of the current Arabic Scale that needs tuning on the keyboard.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to fine tune the selected
Arabic note. The value of 32 corresponds to the standard Arab tuning.
MIXER LOCK
MixLock: (On/Off) This parameter, when set to ON, locks the volume settings
of the track for all performances, allowing you to change Performances and
Styles without altering the current volume balance of all the tracks. Whatever
changes are made to the Volume settings when ON remain memorized even
after turning off the instrument.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between On and
Off.
DSP LOCK
DSPLock: (On/Off) This parameter, when set to ON, locks the effects settings
(Reverb and Chorus) for all Performances and Styles, allowing you to change
Styles and Performances without altering the current effect settings.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between On and
Off.
REVERB
Reverb: (0-127) Reverb send parameter which allows you to adjust the general Reverb effect volume for the entire instrument.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between On and
Off.
CHORUS
Chorus: (0-127) Chorus send parameter which allows you to adjust the general Chorus effect volume for the entire instrument.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between On and
Off.
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General 2•71
KEY TOUCH
KeyTouch: (00 … 127, Off) This parameter allows you to adjust the velocity
sensitivity of the keyboard or disable (Off) the keyboard for velocity changes.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change the parameter
value of set to Off. When Off, the TOUCH display indicator turns off.
SERIAL
Serial (Off, PC1, PC2, Mac): This function allows you to set the function of the
computer port on the instrument’s back panel. This is a direct interface with
your computer’s serial port and can be used as a reliable alternative to MIDI
without the need for a MIDI interface card. Normally set to OFF, the port can be
set to operate in any of the following modes:
PC1: Slower setting for Windows P.C. Only use this mode if you have problems with PC2.
PC2: Fastest setting for Windows P.C. Use this mode when possible.
MAC: Appropriate setting for Apple Macintosh computers.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to change the parameter
value of set to Off.
TV
TV=PAL/NTSC: This function enables the video standard according to the television you connect to when using the WK2 Or Karaoke function. You can
choose between PAL (Europe) or NTSC (U.S.A.)
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to choose the desired
setting.
TV Text
TV text: (On/Off) This function anables/disables the WK2 Or for the projection
of Song lyrics onto an external monitor or domestic TV set connected to the
rear panel RGB or S-VHS port.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle between On and
Off.
MIDI
MidiENT: Contains 9 MIDI related parameters which can be accessed by pressing ENTER. How to select and modify the relative parameters is explained on
page 2.XX.
INIT (memory reset)
InitALL: (All, Seq, Pfm, Smp) This function allows you to reset (initialize) the
RAM memory of your WK2 Or and restore the default (factory-set) conditions.
ALL: the entire memory which returns the instrument to its factory status
and cancels all programmed data.
SEQ: the sequencer data.
PFM: the user programmed Performances.
SMP: the Sample data contained in the Sample-RAM.
Use the Dial or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to toggle to select the
element that requires resetting.
RELEASE DATE
rEL XX_XX_XX (Date): This function allows you to check the release date of
the last loaded WK2 Or operating system.
Press ESCAPE to exit the General menu.
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2•72 User Guide
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Important: If you do not connect the Serial
port, this parameter must be set to OFF (default), otherwise the MIDI interface will remain
disabled for use.
MIDI and the MIDI functions
What is MIDI?
MIDI is the abbreviation for “Musical Instrument Digital Interface”, a standard
interface used for communication between electronic musical instruments and
computers.
With MIDI it is possible to:
• use WK2 Or as a master contolling device to control another instrument
(sequencer, expander, keyboard, etc.).
• control WK2 Or using a master keyboard or another MIDI controlling device
(Accordion, guitar controller, Midi Piano etc....);
• connect WK2 Or to an external sequencer (computer) to program Songs
and Styles;
MIDI Connection rules
•
•
•
•
An instrument which pilots another instrument is called the Master, while an
instrument that is piloted by a controlling device is called the Slave.
The MIDI OUT of the master instrument is connected to the MIDI IN of the
slave instrument.
Do not connect the same MIDI port between two instruments.
When you connect external MIDI devices, the tracks of the external devices
and those of the WK2 Or must be tuned to the same MIDI channels.
The WK2 Or MIDI interface
WK2 Or has a standard MIDI interface consisting of a MIDI IN, MIDI OUT and
MIDI THRU port.
The MIDI IN port receives MIDI data from an external controlling device.
The MIDI OUT port transmits data to an external device (computer, sequencer).
The MIDI THRU port allows the connection of several MIDI devices in series.
Connecting to the Midi interface allows you to control 16 MIDI channels.
SERIAL CABLES
The Computer port
The COMPUTER port allows two-way communication between the instrument
and a computer without the need of a MIDI interface. The communication takes
place via a single serial cable. When the COMPUTER port is in use, the MIDI
ports are disabled. Connecting to the COMPUTER port allows you to control
16 MIDI channels, as for the standard MIDI interface.
Apple Macintosh connection
The Macintosh (or compatible) must communicate at the velocity of 1 MHz.
Consult the owner’s manual of the sequencer software for relevant information.
Use the standard Macintosh serial cable. Connect one end of the cable to the
WK2 Or and the other to the MODEM port of the Macintosh. Set the COMPUTER parameter under the General function to MAC.
PC IBM connection
The IBM-PC (or compatible) can communicate at the velocity of 31250 baud
(PC1) or 38400 baud (PC2) via the RS232 serial port.
Use standard serial cables DB8-DB9, DB8-DB25 to connect the WK2 Or and
the PC’s serial port. Set the COMPUTER parameter under the General function to PC1 or PC2 as required.
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General 2•73
Multi-media Kit
An optional Generalmusic “Multimedia Kit“ is available which includes all the
accessories required to connect the WK2 Or to a computer (Driver, serial cable
and instructions).
About MIDI channels
Regardless of the current operating mode, WK2 Or can transmit and receive
MIDI data on 16 simultaneous MIDI channels.
You can assign any MIDI channel (from 1…16) to each Performance track. A
track can also be excluded from MIDI by assigning the “Off” status. The MIDI
channel configuration is independently programmable for each Performance
and memorized with Store Performance.
Channel Lock
In Song mode, the factory set MIDI configuration of the Song Performance is the following:
Song track
MIDI channel
1...16
1...16
In Style and Song Style modes, the MIDI configuration of the ROM Performances is the following:
It is also possible to lock the MIDI configuration so that all Performances can be
controlled via the same MIDI channel setting.
Style track
MIDI channel
Drums (F1)
10
The Common and Chord channels
Bass (F2)
2
The Common Channel is primarily used for the receiving of Performance messages. A Program Change message received on this channel will not change
one of the individual sounds on the WK2 Or, it will be interpreted as a Performance Change message.
On the WK2 Or, assign a MIDI channel to the Common channel and set all
other channels off. The Common channel is enabled for reception only, not
transmission.
The Chord Channel is reserved primarily for the connection of a MIDI accordion. The Chord channel receives chord information from the MIDI accordion
and control messages for the automatic accompaniments of the WK2 Or.
Note: a correct setting of the Common and Chord channel is essential to ensure full compatibility with a MIDI accordion (see also the paragraph “Piloting
WK2 Or with a MIDI Accordion”).
The two main uses of the Common and Chord channels are:
• to play the WK2 Or keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) on a
master keyboard. The master keyboard must transmit on the same channel as the WK2 Or Common Channel.
• to dedicate a special track in a sequencer or other instrument for the selection and control of WK2 Or Styles, Performances, Songs, Effects and other
functions (listed in the Appendix). In the external sequencer, a track is reserved for the control data which is transmitted on the same MIDI channel
assigned to the WK2 Or Common and Chord Channel.
Store the Common and Chord channel setting to the Performance with Store
Perf.
Acc1 (F3)
3
Acc2 (F4)
4
Acc3 (F5)
5
Lower (F7)
6
Upper2 (F8)
7
Upper1 (F9)
8
MIDI numeration
The numeration of MIDI data usually adopts the system 0-127. Some instruments adopt the system 1-128. When you use devices that adopt a different
numeric system, you must remember to apply the appropriate conversion between one system and the other.
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2•74 User Guide
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The MIDIENT menu
Under the MIDIENT menu are the functions which allow you to set the WK2 Or
for the kind of MIDI setup being used. Once accessed with ENTER, the MIDI
functions can be selected with the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad.
Channel, Local, Internal, G.Midi, Start/Stop, Chn.Lock, TranspIN, MidiSet
and Dump.
The CHANNEL and LOCAL functions are subdivided into several sub-pages
which are accessed with ENTER.
Once accessed, the selected parameter is modified either with either the Dial
or the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad, or, where applicable, with the Function
buttons F1 - F9.
Midi programming procedure
1. Select the MIDIENT menu under the MIDI/GENERAL menu.
Use the Cursor buttons to select the MIDI/GENERAL menu and the PAGE
buttons to select MIDIENT.
2. Press ENTER to access the MIDI menu
The display shows the first MIDI function available.
3. Use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select the MIDI function
required.
4. If you select the CHANNEL or LOCAL functions, press ENTER again to
gain access to the relative parameters.
The Channel and Local functions are further subdivided into additional subpages which are selected using the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad, or the
Function buttons F1 - F9.
4. Once selected, use the DIAL to change the value or status of the parameter.
In some situations, the +/– buttons can also be used.
5. To continue with other MIDI settings, press the +/– Sound buttons to select
other MIDI functions.
The changes made under the CHANNEL and LOCAL functions can be saved
to the current Performance.
Channel
Use this parameter to assign a MIDI channel to the Performance tracks and to
set the CHORD and COMMON tracks.
To gain access to the parameters of the Channel function, press ENTER.
Assign a MIDI channel to the tracks
The 8 digit display shows the number of the track (e.g. track 01). The 3 digit
display shows the Channel number (C01 - C16) assigned to the track, or
the Off status for MIDI transmission/reception.
Select the tracks with the + or – buttons. Rotate the DIAL to assign a MIDI
channel to the track or to set the Off status.
Another way of instantly selecting a track is to press the corresponding
function button (F1 - F8). Use button F9 to toggle between track sets A (0108) and B (09-16).
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General 2•75
Common and Chord channels
After track 16, the +/– buttons select the Common track followed by the
Chord track, both displayed with the associated channel number or Off
status.
Use the Dial to assign a different MIDI channel or Off to the Common and/or
Chord tracks.
After setting the MIDI channels, press ESCAPE then use the +/– buttons of
the Sound keypad to continue with the selection of other MIDI functions.
Local
With the LOCAL (On/Off) function, you can decide whether or not each
track of the WK2 Or controls the sound generator of each programmed
section of the sequencer (Style, Song Style, Song). It is possible to independently disconnect each track from the internal sound engine.
To gain access to this parameter press ENTER.
Set the Local parameter for each track
The 8 digit display shows the number of the track (e.g. track 01). The 3 digit
display shows the On/Off status for Local operation.
Select the tracks with the + or – buttons and rotate the DIAL to set the On/
Off status.
Another way of instantly selecting a track is to press the corresponding
function button (F1 - F8). Use button F9 to toggle between track sets A (0108) and B (09-16).
Once you have set your Local requirements, press ESCAPE to exit Local
and use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select other MIDI functions.
Internal, External clock
This function allows you to select whether the WK2 Or sequencer will synchronize to the internal clock or to an external clock.
Internal: the WK2 Or Styles, Songs and Song Styles (sequencer) will synchronize to the internal clock.
External: the WK2 Or Styles, Songs and Song Styles (sequencer) will synchronize to an external clock.
With External set, the WK2 Or Tempo will correspond to the Tempo setting
of the external clock device (computer, sequencer) connected via MIDI to
the WK2 Or.
Select the option “External” with the DIAL. The WK2 Or Tempo setting will
disappear and be replaced by the symbol “Ec” (External Clock).
General Midi
The General MIDI function allows optimum compatibility with the General MIDI
standard. Before loading a G.M. file from Disk, set this function to On (default
setting).
If you want to communicate via MIDI with non General MIDI instruments,
set this parameter to OFF.
Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.
To work via MIDI with the Generalmusic GMX standard, set the General
Midi parameter Off - this will allow you to use all the WK2 Or sound banks
and the 44 Effects.
Use the Dial to select On or Off as required.
Start/Stop
This function selects whether or not the WK2 Or will start with a Start command
received via MIDI from an external device (computer, sequencer).
Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.
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2•76 User Guide
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Channel Lock
Normally, your MIDI settings are saved as a part of the current Performance
(when you press the Perf Store button), and each Performance can have its
own distinct MIDI settings. If, however, you want the current MIDI settings to
remain in effect, regardless of which Performance you select, turn the LOCK
function to ON.
Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.
If you want the Midi lock setting to remain memorized even after turning the
instrument off, store the Performance to the default Performance location
(Perf 1, group 1).
Transpose IN
This function allows the pitch shifting (in half steps) of the MIDI notes sent to
the WK2 Or via the Master controller. To deactivate MIDI transposition, set the
parameter to OFF.
Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.
Midi Set
This function allows you to select a preset for the MIDI controlling device that
you intend using to pilot the WK2 Or. Thanks to this function, you can quickly
recall the MIDI setting best suited to the Midi controlling instrument (Sequencer,
Computer, Accordion, Piano, Keyboard, Guitar etc.).
The MidiSet presets automatically locks the current Midi channel settings (Channel Lock ON) to allow you to load any disk-based or H.D. based file to memory
without affecting the MIDI settings and the MidiSet preset.
Once you have selected the MIDISET function, use the function buttons F1 - F9
to select the preset required.
•
MIDISET Presets (Midi Lock=ON)
MultiCh (F1): All Channels from 01 to 16 open, Common = Off, Chord = Off.
With the MultiChannel preset you can connect to an external Sequencer or
Computer to program your sequences using the WK2 Or as the sound generator. Connect both MIDI IN and OUT ports of the WK2 Or and set the Soft
Thru function of the Computer to ON.
In the WK2 Or, remember to set one track (for example, the Upper 1 keyboard section) for play with no split (Lower off and Arrange On/Off disabled).
•
RP/RPT (F2): All Channels from 01 to 16 off. Common = 01, Chord = Off.
This preset allows you to connect the WK2 Or to any digital Piano of the
Generalmusic Real Piano Series (RP and RPT) and control the WK2 Or via
a single Midi channel. This will allow you to play the WK2 Or panel configuration from the master device.
•
RPsplit (F3): Drum = Off, Bass = Off, Acc1 = Off, Acc2 = Off, Acc3 = Off,
Lower = 02, Upper1 = 01, Upper2 = 01, Common = Off. Chord = 02. All
other channels = Off.
Set this preset if you connect the WK2 Or to the RP100 and RP200 digital
piano models by Generalmusic. With the three keyboard sections of the
WK2 Or muted, the RP piano sound can be heard from the split point upwards. Remember to set the split point in the master instrument (consult
the owner’s manual of the RP 100/200).
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General 2•77
•
Piano (F4): Channels from 01 to 16 off, Common = 01, Chord = Off.
Use this preset when you connect to a MIDI Piano. This will allow you to
play the WK2 Or panel configuration from the master device. This setting
can be used for Midi Pianos that transmit over one channel only.
•
Accord1 (F5): Bass = 03, Lower = 02, Upper1 = 01, Upper2 = 01, Common
= Off, Chord = 02. All other channels = Off.
This preset allows you to use a MIDI accordion according to the standard
established for accordions. As well as the Midi channel settings, this preset
also sets the WK2 Or control panel to operate as follows:
The “Bass to Lowest” function operates as a BASS ON/OFF: this allows the
accordionist to manually activate or mute the Bass section of the WK2 Or at
will.
The “Lower” section operates as a Chords ON/OFF for the accordion when
the rhythm section is not playing. When the rhythm section is playing, the
notes of the Lower section are added to the auto accompaniments.
•
Accord2 (F6): Drum = 10, Bass = 03, Acc1 = 05, Acc2 = 06, Acc3 = 07,
Lower = 02, Upper1 = 01, Upper2 = 01, Common = 16, Chord = 02. All
other channels = Off.
This preset provides:
a) exactly the same features as the Accord1 preset (explained above);
b) if the MIDI accordion is able to transmit Program Change messages, it is
possible to change the Styles of the WK2 Or by sending program change
numbers 00-96 across the Common channel (Ch. 16).
•
Guitar (F7): Upper1 = 01, Upper2 = 01, Common = off, Chord = 01. All
other channels = Off.
This preset is best suited for the connection of a MIDI guitar and allows you
to play the WK2 Or panel configuration from the master device. The guitar
will be able to play the WK2 Or Style chords and add the Upper 1 and
Upper 2 sounds to those of the guitar. The Style chords will be recognized
when the guitar notes are played all at the same time and not in arpeggio
form. At least 3 note chords must be played and the Arrange Mode setting
should be either Fingered 1 or FreeStyle.
•
KBD_1 (F8): Channels from 01 to 16 closed, Common = 01, Chord = Off.
The Keyboard1 preset allows you to connect the WK2 Or to a MIDI keyboard and play the WK2 Or panel configuration from the master device.
This preset is suitable for master keyboards capable of transmitting across
a single MIDI channel.
The KBD-1 preset is also best suited to the keyboards of the Generalmusic
WX Series.
•
KBD_2WS (F9): Channels from 01 to 16 off, Common = 16, Chord = Off.
This preset is best suited for connection of the WK2 Or to the Generalmusic
WS Series keyboard and allows you to play the WK2 Or panel configuration
from the master device.
This preset is suitable for master keyboards capable of transmitting across
a single MIDI channel.
Midi Dump
The DUMP function allows you to transfer the contents of WK2 Or’s internal
memory to external storage devices, (such as Home P.Cs or MIDI Data Filers),
via MIDI.
You can choose to dump all the data currently stored in internal memory, or
select a partial dump (Sequencer or Performance).
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2•78 User Guide
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MIDI Dump procedure
1. Connect the WK2 Or MIDI OUT port to the MIDI IN port of the external
device.
2. Go into the Midi/General menu and select the DUMP function under the
MIDIENT menu.
3. Select which part of the memory you want to dump with the Dial.
DumpALL = the entire internal memory data;
DumpSEQ = user sequencer data only;
DumpPFM = user performance data only.
4. Start the recording procedure in the external device.
5. Press ENTER twice.
To receive a MIDI Dump
It is not necessary to prepare the WK2 Or to receive a dump because it configures
itself automatically. Dumps can be received at any time and the data will immediately be available for use.
Connect the MIDI OUT of the external device to the MIDI IN of the WK2 Or and
start the Dump from the external device.
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General 2•79
Principal MIDI applications
Piloting an expander (or other keyboard) with WK2 Or
If you want to pilot another keyboard or expander using WK2 Or as the Master
controlling device, connect the WK2 Or MIDI OUT port to the expander’s MIDI
IN port.
Set WK2 Or to operate in Real time mode in order to be able to play at least
three sounds at the same time (Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower keyboard sections). In Song mode, only one track is made available for real time use.
With this setup, the MIDI messages generated by the WK2 Or keyboard travel
from the WK2 Or MIDI OUT port to the expander’s MIDI IN port. If you remembered to match the MIDI channels of both devices, you will hear sounds from
both devices.
If you want to listen to the expander’s sounds only and exclude the WK2 Or
sounds, you can either regulate the WK2 Or track volumes to zero level, or you
can set the WK2 Or tracks for “Local off” operation (see “Local”).
By setting all the keyboard tracks for Local Off operation, the keyboard is disconnected from the internal sound generator, but the keyboard messages are
still transmitted via the MIDI OUT, allowing you to hear the expander sounds
only.
Piloting WK2 Or from a MIDI accordion
Connect the accordion’s MIDI OUT port to the WK2 Or MIDI IN and select the
Accord 1 (or Accord 2) MIDISET preset under the MIDIENT menu using the
procedure already explained.
Escape from the Midi/General function by pressing ESCAPE twice.
Using the WK2 Or in Song Mode with a computer or sequencer
If you prefer to use a computer software sequencer to record your Songs in
order to exploit some of the advanced editing functions offered by the sequencer
software, here’s how to proceed. The idea is to use the WK2 Or keyboard to
generate the MIDI messages to send to the computer’s sequencer which then
returns them to the WK2 Or Sound generator.
• Connect the WK2 Or MIDI OUT port to the sequencer’s MIDI IN port.
• Connect the Sequencer’s MIDI OUT port to the WK2 Or MIDI IN port.
• Select the MultiCh MIDISET preset.
In this setup (Song mode), the MIDI messages generated by the WK2 Or keyboard are sent from the WK2 Or MIDI OUT, received at the MIDI IN of the
computer’s MIDI interface and recorded by the sequencer. When you launch
the Play command in the sequencer, the MIDI messages are sent via the computer’s MIDI OUT port to the WK2 Or Sound generator via MIDI IN.
Via MIDI, you can send messages from the computer and perform all the operations that you would normally carry out on the WK2 Or control panel. You
can change sounds, set volumes and pan levels, select and control the effects,
etc..
When you send messages to select WK2 Or Sounds, the selection message
must be received on the MIDI channel assigned to the track to which the Sound
is assigned. To select WK2 Or Sounds, first send a Control Change 00 message (Bank Select) followed by a Program Change (PC) message. The Sound
table with corresponding MIDI selection messages is in the Appendix.
To use the setup above, it is recommended to set the WK2 Or track used as the
generator of keyboard data for “Local Off” operation.
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2•80 User Guide
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Settings for MIDI accordion connections
Drums
=
Ch 10
Bass
=
Ch 3
Acc1
=
Ch 5
Acc2
=
Ch 6
Acc3
=
Ch 7
Lower
=
Ch 2
Upper2 =
Ch 1
Upper1 =
Ch 1
Common =
OFF
Chord
Ch 2
=
Note: You can memorize your configurations
for accordion use in one or more of the 63
Performances available and save the entire set
of Performances to Floppy Disk or Hard Disk.
Set the computer sequencer to retransmit (echo) to the WK2 Or all the MIDI
messages received. The sequencer parameter that controls this function may
have a different name depending on the software in use. Some common names
are “echo on”, “echo back”, “patch thru”, “soft thru”, etc.
By setting the track used to send data to the computer for “Local Off” operation,
you disconnect communications between the WK2 Or keyboard and its sound
generator. Consequently, WK2 Or acts as a separate MIDI keyboard and independent sound generator. The echoing function of the sequencer allows you to
play the WK2 Or sound generator from the WK2 Or keyboard.
With the sequencer’s echoing function turned on and the WK2 Or Local Off
parameter also set to ON, two notes will be played by the WK2 Or sound generator for every single note generated by its keyboard.
Internal Style ROM (00-95)
CC00
CC32
PC
Style
32
0
0-7
00-07 (8 BEAT)
32
0
8-15
08-15 (16 BEAT)
32
0
16-23
16-23 (ROCK)
32
0
24-31
24-31 (FUNK)
32
0
32-39
32-39 (DANCE 1)
32
0
40-47
40-47 (DANCE 2)
32
0
48-55
48-55 (JAZZ)
32
0
56-63
56-63 (US TRAD)
32
0
64-71
64-71 (TRAD 1)
The Computer port
32
0
72-79
72-79 (TRAD 2)
You can use the WK2 Or COMPUTER port via a single serial cable instead of
the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT ports. The COMPUTER port disables the MIDI
ports if connected.
32
0
80-87
80-87 (LATIN 1)
32
0
88-95
88-95 (LATIN 2)
User Style RAM (96 - 103 )
Piloting WK2 Or with a Master Keyboard
Master keyboards are generally mute instruments (without sound generators)
and require external sound sources to produce sounds. The WK2 Or sound
generator can operate as an external slave sound source for a master keyboard.
The Master keyboard must transmit MIDI messages on the same MIDI channel
as the WK2 Or Common channel. An instant setting can be achieved by selecting the “KBD-1” MIDISET preset.
All Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change (PC) messages normally used to
select WK2 Or sounds and transmitted on the Common channel are interpreted
as Performance Change, Style Change, Song Style Change or Song Change
messages.
If you want to pilot the WK2 Or as well as other instruments with the master
keyboard, connect the MIDI IN of the additional MIDI device to the MIDI THRU
of the WK2 Or.
CC00
CC32
PC
Style
44
0
0-7
96-103
Style control
Value CC80 (One Shot)
Fill ><
00
Fill <
01
Fill >
02
Intro
08
Ending
16
Var 1+2+3+4
24-27
Key Start
40
Fade In/Out
59
Rotary
61
Tempo increment
66
Tempo decrement
67
Selecting Styles via MIDI Common
Next Performance
68
To select a WK2 Or Style from the master keyboard, you must send two control
change messages: Bank Select CC00: value 32 and CC32: value 0, followed
by a Program Change (PC) message with the values shown in the tables listed
opposite (Internal Style ROM [00-95]).
Previous Performance
69
Style control
Value CC81 (On/Off)
0 - 63 = OFF, 64 - 127 = On
Fill ><
00
64
Controlling Styles via MIDI Common
Fill <
01
65
The Style controls can be simulated by sending Control Change 80 or 81 messages to WK2 Or via the Common Channel with the values shown in the tables
listed opposite (Style control; One Shot and On/Off).
If the master keyboard has programmable buttons, it is possible to assign them
some control messages and control all directly from the master.
Fill >
02
66
Intro
08
72
Selecting the Effects via MIDI COMMON
To select the Effects from a Master Keyboard or computer via the Common
channel, you must send two Control Change messages relating to the Effect
change: CC16: 0 … 64, CC48: nn (number of the effect) with the values shown
in the table listed in the Appendix.
Note: Control Change 16 with value 0 selects the REVERB DSP, while with
value 64 selects the CHORUS DSP.
Control Change 48 must always be followed by the number of the effect type
required.
Ending
16
80
Harmony ON/OFF
32
96
Arrange ON/OFF
33
97
Arrange Memory ON/OFF
37
101
Lower Memory ON/OFF
38
102
Key Start ON/OFF
40
104
Single Touch Play ON/OFF
48
112
Style Lock ON/OFF
49
113
Tempo Lock ON/OFF
51
115
Fade In ON/OFF
59
123
Fade Out ON/OFF
60
124
Rotary ON/OFF
61
125
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General 2•81
Selecting Songs, Song Styles or Performances via MIDI Common
Song RAM (111-117)
To select a Song, Song Style or Performance from the master keyboard, send
a Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change (PC) message via the Common
channel with the values shown in the tables listed opposite (Song RAM, Song
Style RAM, Performance RAM).
CC00
CC32
PC
56
0
1-7
Song Style RAM (104-110)
Selecting the Sound Banks via MIDI (Bk 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)
There are 6 Sound banks in the WK2 Or, selected via MIDI using the CC00 +
bank value message and organized as follows:
Bank 1, 2, 3 correspond to the GMX sound map (Generalmusic standard);
Bank 4 corresponds to the Arabic Sounds bank which contains 17 sounds
including an ArabKit (119-4).
Bank 5 corresponds to the SAMPLES (1 … 8). When this Bank is selected,
the display Bank indicators show “4” and “1” at the same time.
Bank 6 corresponds to an extension of the WK2 Or sound map (00 … 59 +
1 Kit of effects at location 112). When this Bank is selected, the display
Bank indicators show “4” and “2” at the same time. Bank 6 can only be
selected via MIDI.
Other “invisible” banks are also present (cannot be selected) but nevertheless essential for the internal structure of the instrument to render it fully
compatible with other Generalmusic instruments.
Refer to the Appendix for the Sound lists and banks.
CC00
CC32
PC
62
0
1-7
Performance RAM (0-63)
CC00
CC32
PC
48
0
1-63
SYSTEM EXCLUSIVE (Generalmusic system exclusive)
Via MIDI, WK2 Or is able to recognize several System Exclusive messages
that control parameters relating to the effects, master tunings and master transpose. The corresponding SysEx strings for the parameters are as follows:
REVERB CHANGE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,00,vv,F7
REVERB LEVEL
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,01,vv,F7
REVERB TIME
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,02,vv,F7
CHORUS CHANGE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,05,vv,F7
CHORUS LEVEL
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,06,vv,F7
CHORUS RATE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,07,vv,F7
CHORUS DEPTH
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,13,08,vv,F7
MASTER TUNE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,07,00,vv,F7
MASTER TRANSPOSE
F0,2F,30,01,00,00,00,09,02,vv,F7
(vv = from 00h to 15h)
Note: The reverb volume selected from the
instrument panel must be set to its maximum
setting (127).
(vv= from 00h to 7Fh)
(vv= from 00h to 7Fh)
(vv= from 00h to 15h)
(vv= from 00h to 7Fh)
(vv= from 00h to 7Fh)
(vv= from 00h to 7Fh)
(vv= standard value 40h + / - 40h)
(vv= standard value 18h + / - 18h
semitones)
IMPORTANT: All the numbers within the SysEx string must be expressed as
“HEXADECIMAL” codes. Specific midi channels are not required for system
exclusive messages.
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2•82 User Guide
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Ch. 11 • Sampling / Audio Vocal Processor
If you have installed the Audio Vocal Processor accessory into your WK2 Oriental, and have loaded the new Operating System, you will have access to a
digital audio sampler and a vocal duplicating feature which creates harmonized
effects of your voice.
If you have the standard WK2 Or version without the Audio Vocal Processor
feature, when you press the RECORD button of the SAMPLING section, the
display will show the message “DISABLED”.
Samples bank
In both versions of the instrument, it is possible to gain access to the Samples
memory bank (Bank 5) by pressing the SAMPLES button, but sampling operations and Audio Vocal Processor applications are only permitted if you have
installed the Audio Vocal Processor accessory and loaded the appropriate
operating system from disk.
Note: Disk-based Samples can be loaded to
the Samples bank via Songs disks of previous
series instruments, such as WK3 (songs which
incorporate Samples) or previous series CD
Samples disks.
Digital Audio Sampler
About the WK2 Or Sampler
The WK2 Or (with the A.V.P. accessory and operating system installed) incorporates a Sampler with the following technical characteristics:
• Sampling resolution : 16 bit
• Sampling time :
approx. 6 seconds
WK2 Or + A.V.P. is able to sample two types of signal fed into the MIC / LINE
inputs:
• Microphone signals;
• Line signals from a musical instrument, tape recorder, CD, etc.
In order to use the Sampler or the Audio Vocal Processor, the first step is to
activate the Mic/Line interface and adjust the input signal.
Activating and adjusting the Mic/Line signal
A singer (or musical instrument) can exploit the digital effects units of the WK2
Or + A.V.P. by plugging into the Mic/Line inputs of the Audio Vocal Processor.
The signal is processed, fed to the instrument’s main mix then sent to the internal speakers, the stereo outputs (Left and Right) and the headphones.
1. Plug a Microphone into the MIC jack, or the audio cable of a musical
instrument, tape recorder, CD, etc. to the LINE jack.
2. Press the VOCAL P button in the UTILITY section.
A black arrow points to the VOCAL P function under the MODE menu on the
right of the display to indicate that the Vocal Processor is active.
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Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor 2•83
3. Press the EQUAL/MIC button (Pad 2) in the PROGRAMMABLE PADS/
VOCAL P section.
The display shows the Mic On/Off option.
4. Use the +/– buttons of the right keypad to toggle between the On and Off
setting.
In this case, set Mic ON to activate the Mic interface.
To activate the LINE interface, press function button F8 to select the Line
On/Off switch and set it to ON with the + button of the right kepad.
5. Use the Dial to adjust the volume of the Mic or Line signal.
6. Regulate the input level of the signal that you are about to sample with
small twin GAIN control on the A.V.P. interface.
The small, inner knob controls the Mic signal.
The larger outer knob controls the Line signal.
7. Press EQUAL/MIC or ESCAPE to exit the Mic On/Off function.
At this point, you can either Sample the Mic/Line signal or use the Audio
Vocal Processor to duplicate your voice (or sound) while playing.
Sampling
When sampling your voice or an instrument sound, there are some things that
you should bear in mind before proceeding.
Your sample is memorized directly to the SAMPLES bank which is batterybacked to maintain the data after turning the instrument off. Every time you
carry out a sampling operation, the entire Sample-RAM is made available
(approx. 100 Ksamples = approx. 6 seconds). Therefore, if you have already
loaded disk-based samples into the Samples bank, the “old” data will be entirely replaced by the new.
You can choose to eliminate the old sample before you start sampling by using
the ClearSmp function found under the General function.
To safeguard your samples against cancellation, save them to Floppy disk or
Hard Disk using the procedures explained in the Disk & Hard Disk chapter.
To select Samples via MIDI, refer to the MIDI chapter or consult the Sound
tables in the Appendix.
Sampling procedure
1. After regulating the Mic or Line signal, press the red RECORD button in
the SAMPLING section.
The display shows the flashing word “Sampling” and continues to flash until
you start to sing into the microphone or play the musical instrument.
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2•84 User Guide
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Note: A floppy disk or a Hard Disk partition
can contain only one Sample file.
Note: The WK2 Or Sampler and the Audio
Vocal Processor cannot operate at the same
time, therefore, if you have activated the AVP
and you wish to sample your voice or an instrument sound, you must first escape the AVP
function before using the sampler.
2. Speak into the microphone, or play the musical instrument (or CD, etc.).
The word “Sampling” remains on during the sampling phase.
You have about 6 seconds to sample your voice or a musical instrument.
3. If you finish sampling within 6 seconds, press the RECORD button or
ESCAPE to stop the sampler.
If you don’t finish within this time, the sampler flashes the message ENDING and stops sampling instantly.
After about 2 seconds, the sampler starts the sampling cycle again and
allows you to repeat the procedure in case you do something wrong.
If you do sample again, the new sample will completely replaced the old.
BANK 5 (4 + 1)
4. Play on the keyboard and you’ll hear the sample.
To assign the Sample to a WK2 Or track, press the SAMPLES button and
assign the Sample using the normal sound assignment procedure already
explained.
The Sample Edit parameters
Once captured, the Sample can be edited by means of specific editing parameters. As soon as you have sampled, the PAGE buttons select the Sample Edit
functions.
The DIAL modifies the parameter value shown in the 3 digit display.
Reverb
Allows you to control the amount of Reverb applied to the
sample, which can vary from 0 (sample with no effect) to
15 (sample with maximum effect). The Reverb effect applied depends on the Reverb type selected in the Reverb
DSP unit. Check that the REVERB indicator is displayed
in order to hear the changes that you make.
Assignable values: 0 … 15.
Chorus
Allows you to control the amount of Chorus (or other modulation effect) applied to the sample which can vary from 0
(sample with no effect) to 15 (sample with maximum effect). The Chorus effect applied depends on the Chorus
type selected in the Chorus DSP unit. Check that the
CHORUS indicator is displayed in order to hear the
changes that you make.
Assignable values: 0 … 15.
Volume
Determines the general volume of the sample.
Assignable values: 0 ... 16.
Pan
Determines the position of the sample within the stereo
panorama.
Assignable values: L31 (all to the left) … 00 (centre) …
R31 (all to the right), Mute (does not play).
Note: The MUTE setting produces some interesting effects when you listen to the Sample with the REVERB
and CHORUS effects active.
Tuning
Applies a fine tune to the sample, up to one semitone
above or below the actual pitch.
Assignable values: -8 … 0 … +8
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Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor 2•85
Cancelling samples
You can clear the Sample-RAM of all Samples with the INITSmp function found
in the MIDI/GENERAL menu.
1. Select the MIDI/GENERAL menu function using the Cursor [ ] or [ ]
buttons.
The left arrowhead must point to the MIDI/GENERAL Menu function.
2. Select the INIT page by pressing the PAGE [ ] button as many times as
necessary.
3. Rotate the DIAL or use the +/– buttons of the Sound keypad to select the
InitSMP function.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the Sample cancellation, or ESCAPE to cancel
the operation and exit the function.
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2•86 User Guide
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Audio Vocal Processor (A.V.P.)
The Audio Vocal Processor allows you to:
a) process your voice or instrument sound with the WK2 Or internal effects;
b) duplicate the signal up to 4 times to create harmonized effects while you
play, simulating a choir.
The A.V.P. incorporates a programmable digital compressor capable of limiting
possible saturation of the microphone signal, and a digital programmable stereo
three-band equalizer.
The A.V.P. interface
The A.V.P. interface consists of two jacks (MIC and LINE) and a GAIN control.
MIC
Connect a microphone to this jack. The better the quality
of the microphone, the better the results. By adjusting the
value of the compression, you can limit distortion, both in
direct mode as well as in the harmonizing mode.
LINE
This jack is suitable for a musical instrument or other audio source (keyboard, CD, tape recorder, etc.). You can
connect both Line and Mic at the same time. The Line
jack is only suitable for direct applications which can be
processed by the WK2 Or internal digital effects (Reverb/
Chorus). The compressor is disabled for the Line jack.
GAIN
This twin control allows you to independently adjust the
Gain of both Mic and Line signals. In any case, for the
first step it is best to adjust the overall volume of the instrument with the Master Volume panel slider, then adjust
the input signal with the Gain knob. The small inner control adjusts the MIC signal and the larger outer control
adjusts the LINE signal. If saturation of either jacks should
occur, reduce the GAIN level until you obtain satisfactory
results.
Activating the Audio Vocal Processor
1. Plug a microphone into the MIC jack and press the VOCAL P. button in
the UTILITY section.
The black arrowhead on the right of the display points to the VOCAL P.
inscription to indicate the activation of the function.
2. Press the EQUAL/MIC button (Pad 2) to turn on the Microphone.
Use the + button of the right keypad to set ON.
If necessary, adjust the signal gain with the small, inner GAIN knob –on the
Mic/Line interface. If you are using a Line signal, use the larger outer knob.
Adjust the microphone volume with the Dial (00-127).
Note: only the Mic jack can be used for the vocal harmonizing feature; the
Line jack is used to process the signal with the effects processors (Reverb,
Chorus).
3. Press the EDIT button (Pad 3) and assign the Vocal Track to the Audio
Vocal Processor.
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Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor 2•87
Use the +/– buttons of the right keypad to select the Vocal Track ad rotate
the DIAL to adjust the track Volume.
Make sure the Vocal Track corresponds to one of the three keyboard sections (Upper 1 [Track 08], Upper 2 [Track 07] or Lower [Track 06]).
In Song mode use Track 05 for play and Vocal Track 5 for voice duplication.
4. Play and hold a note or chord on the keyboard and sing or speak into the
microphone.
You will hear a harmony effect consisting of one or more voices that will
depend on the current Vocal P preset and how many notes you play on the
keyboard.
If you want to create vocal harmonies across the entire range of the master
keyboard, use either the Upper 1 or Upper 2 keyboard sections with the
Lower section off and the Arrange On/Off button off.
To duplicate voices in Chord mode (using the Styles), activate the Lower
section and assign Track 06 to the A.V.P. in point 4 above.
Audio Vocal Processor Edit
It is possible to select the Audio Vocal Processor Presets and edit several A.V.P.
parameters found under the VOCAL P, EQUAL/EDIT and EDIT buttons. Other
A.V.P. functions are also obtained by pressing the Track Mute (Pad1) and the
Vocal Mute (Pad 4) buttons.
A.V.P. Preset selection
1. Hold down the VOCAL P. button for a few seconds.
The display shows the currently assigned preset.
2. Use the PAGE buttons to select the A.V.P. preset required.
3. Press ESCAPE to exit the A.V.P. Preset selection page.
4. To memorize a preferred preset together with other associated settings
(Vocal Track, Vocal volume etc.), save the settings to any of the 63 available Performances with the Store Perf button.
There are 8 Presets are available for vocal harmony effects.
A.V.P. Preset list
01 Vocal 1 : This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes to
create some interesting effects.
02 Vocal 2 : This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes in
stereo.
03 Glide 1 : This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes and
introduces a glide effect through the range of one octave, passing from one chord to the other. This preset deactivates the
Pitch/Mod Ball.
04 Glide 2 : This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes and
introduces a glide effect over one semitone, passing from one
chord to the other. This preset deactivates the Pitch/Mod Ball
and the 4 notes are reproduced in stereo.
05 VocLFO1 :
This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes
and adds a slow modulation effect to your voice.
06 VocLFO2 :
This preset doubles your voice with up to 4 different notes
and adds a fast modulation effect to your voice. The 4 notes
are reproduced in stereo.
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2•88 User Guide
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NOTE: To activate the Audio Vocal Processor
after loading a Song or MIDI File, simply press
the Vocal P button, turn on the Microphone and
sing into it with the song in playback. If the
“Choir” effect is not reproduced when you play
a note or chord, check that the song track used
for the A.V.P. harmonizing feature (usually track
5) corresponds to the Vocal Track assigned in
the Vocal Edit section.
07 Unison : This preset doubles your voice up to 4 times, regardless of the
notes played, rendering your voice stronger.
08 UniLFO :This preset doubles your voice up to 4 times, regardless of the
notes played, rendering your voice stronger. The 4 voices are
reproduced in stereo.
The A.V.P. functions
Several functions are available when working with the A.V. P.
Track Mute (Pad 1)
Press the TRACK MUTE button (Pad 1) to mute the AVP track. The display
shows the message TrackOFF for an instant to indicate the deactivation of the
track. Doing this allows you to hear the harmonized voices without the keyboard sounds.
Press the same button again to reactivate the track; the message TrackON is
displayed for an instant.
The ON/OFF status of the AVP track can be memorized to the current Performance.
Vocal Mute (Pad 4)
Press the VOCAL MUTE button (Pad 4) to mute the Vocal Track. The display
shows the message VocalOFF for an instant to indicate the deactivation of the
vocal track. Doing this allows you to hear the keyboard sounds without the
harmonized effect.
Press the same button again to reactivate the track; the message VocalON is
displayed for an instant.
The Vocal Mute function can also be triggered with a switch pedal (optional)
connected to the rear panel PED jack.
The ON/OFF status of the Vocal track can be memorized to the current Performance (see the MIDI/GENERAL chapter).
Vocal Track, Vocal Octave, Vocal Sustain (Pad 3)
Access to these three functions is via the EDIT button (PAD 3) followed by the
PAGE buttons to select the functions.
The Vocal Track corresponds to the track assigned to the duplicated notes and
should be the same as the sound track used to play on the keyboard.
The Vocal Octave function allows you to set the pitch of the Vocal Track independently from the pitch of the sound track.
The Vocal Sustain function allows you to apply a sustain effect to the duplicated voices without sustaining the sound track. For example, you can play
rhythmic chords and sustain the Vocal Track at the same time.
1. Press EDIT (Pad 3) to enter the Vocal Track selection page.
2. Use the +/– buttons of the right keypad to select the Vocal Track and
rotate the Dial to adjust the volume of the duplicated voices.
3. Press PAGE
to select the Vocal Octave function.
4. Use the +/– buttons of the right keypad or the Dial to change the pitch of
the Vocal Track in semitone steps. The maximum setting allowed is 24
semitones (2 octaves) above or below standard pitch (00).
5. Press PAGE
to select the Vocal Sustain function.
6. Use the +/– buttons or the Dial to change the Sustain setting.
7. Press EDIT (Pad 3) or ESCAPE to exit the function.
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Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor 2•89
Equalizer/Edit functions (Pad 2)
The Equalizer/Edit features include a 4 band equalizer (Low, Mid, MidFreq, Hi),
a programmable compressor, the mic on/off switch and the reverb and chorus
effect send levels.
The Equal/Edit features are accessed by pressing the corresponding button
(Pad 2) then selected with the function buttons F1-F9.
The relative parameters are modified with the Dial and +/– buttons of the right
keypad.
The parameters affect the instrument as a whole and cannot be memorized to
the performances. The last setting remains memorized even after turning the
instrument off.
1. Press the EQUAL/EDIT button (Pad 2).
2. Use the Function buttons to select the function required.
3. Use the Dial or +/– buttons of the right keypad to change the parameter
value.
In the case of the Line On/Off and Mic On/Off parameters, the Dial adjusts
the Line and Mic volume and the +/– buttons of the right keypad to toggle
between the On and Off status.
LowGain (F1) : sets the low frequency gain.
MidGain (F2) : sets the mid frequency gain.
MidFreq (F3) : sets the intervention frequency of the MidGain parameter.
HiGain (F4) : sets the high frequency gain..
Compressor (F5) : sets the compression threshold to limit signal saturation.
ChoMic (F6) : sets the amount of chorus for the mic and line input.
RevMic (F7) : sets the amount of reverb for the mic and line input.
Line=off (F8) : activates/deactivates the line input.
Mic=off (F9) : activates/deactivates the microphone input.
4. Press EQUAL/EDIT or ESCAPE to exit the function.
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2•90 User Guide
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A.V.P. parameters memorized to the Performance
The following list shows the parameters which can be memorized to the Performances, allowing you to make Performances with different A.V.P. settings
without having to waste time reconfiguring the settings.
Preset (01 - 08)
Vocal Vocal (01 - 16)
Vocal Volume (0 - 127)
Vocal Octave (+ / - 24 semitones)
Vocal Sustain (01 - 15) max 24 sec.
Track Mute (ON/OFF)
Vocal Mute (ON/OFF)
A.V.P general parameters
The following list shows the parameters which affect the instrument globally
and cannot be saved to the Performances. The last setting selected remains
memorized even after turning the instrument off. The status of the Vocal P
button is the only exception; this button must be activated every time when you
want to use the AVP functions.
VOCAL P (ON/OFF)
MIC (ON/OFF)
LINE (ON/OFF)
RevMic (0 - 15)
ChoMic (0 - 15)
Compress (OFF / -1 / -24 dB)
LowGain (+ / - 12 dB)
MidGain (+ / - 12 dB)
MidFreq (0 - 14 Hz)
HiGain (+ / - 12 dB)
Panic function (Panel reset)
The Panic function allows you to reset the panel setting in the event of “lockups” while working with the Audio Vocal Processor, the Sampler or with MIDI,
without resetting the RAM memory.
•
Press both the Transpose # / b at the same time.
The PANIC function sends “All Notes Off” and “Reset all controller” commands on all active channels.
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Sampling/Audio Vocal Processor 2•91
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2•92 User Guide
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Reference Section
• Technical Specifications
• Index
Technical Specifications WK2 Oriental
Keyboard :
Display :
Control buttons :
61 keys (C2 - C7), velocity sensitive, aftertouch via MIDI.
Large multi-function coloured backlit LCD display.
4 cursor buttons, enter, escape, dial,
2 numeric keypads (style/song and sound) with + / – buttons and FF/REW buttons.
16 + 16 direct access programmable buttons (Direct Style Memry - Direct Sound Memory).
12 buttons (direct access), 4 memory buttons, Cancel, Store.
4 real time sections (lower, upper 2, upper 1, bass).
460 PCM sounds (including 16 Oriental) - 18 drumkits (including 1 Arabkit).
up to 32 notes.
programmable split.
track edit (up to 16 tracks), on/off, volume, reverb send, chorus send, transpose, octave, detune, pan,
volume pedal, damper, pitch bend/modulation, pitch bend range.
22 reverb types + 22 chorus types (modulation/delay/echo).
8 harmony types.
general sustain (lower, upper 2, upper 1).
automatic demonstration (8 demo songs).
96 styles x 4 variations (drum, bass, acc 1, acc 2, acc 3).
arrange on/off, arrange memory, lower memory, bass to lowest,
4 chord recognition modes (one finger, fingered 1, fingered 2, free style).
start/stop, intro, ending, key start/continue, fill <, fill in, fill >/tap tempo, fade, play/stop, record, clear, tempo.
volume slider, transpose, tuning, style/tempo lock, touch sensitivity.
10 settings of lower, upper 2, upper 1 combinations for 96 Styles (960 settings).
63 performances of programmable panel settings (RAM),
Performance Recall, Store Performance.
4 programmable pads.
7 song style, 7 user song (16 track player), 8 programmable user style (5 tracks),
5 recordable tracks (lower, upper 2, upper 1, chord) for song style.
load, save, delete, format, utility, direct from disk/H.D., play all songs, pre-load.
compatibility with GMX, CD, WK3, WK2, PK7, MIDI FILE+Lyric formats.
Sub-divided into partitions (virtual floppy disks)
digital sampling (mic/line) with edit possibility (record, sample).
processor for microphone vocal signal (mic/line + 2 gain)) Vocal harmonizing effects.
karaoke function on external monitor (pal/ntsc).
computer serial port (pc1, pc2, mac).
16 MIDI channels (programmable), common, chord, 16 tracks local on/off, external clock,
general midi on/off, midi start/stop, channel lock, transposer In, midi set, dump.
2 headphones, damper, programmable pedal, volume pedal, computer, midi in/out/thru,
right/mono - left audio outputs, right/mono - left audio inputs, video out (RGB / S-VHS).
15 W + 15 W; 2 way; 4 speakers.
(L) 1100 x (H) 150 x (W) 390 mm.
14 Kg.
owner’s manual, 1 floppy disk containing the operating system, 1 demonstration disk, music stand, power
cord, RGB/SCART video cable, warranty certificate, list of Generalmusic distributors.
Audio Vocal Processor accessory (Mic/Line + 2 Gain), multi-media kit, volume pedal, footswitch pedal, multi
footswitch assembly, metal stand, carrying bag.
Arabic Scale :
Modes :
Sounds :
Polyphony :
Split :
Edit :
Digital Effects :
Harmony :
Sustain :
Demo :
Automatic Styles :
Arranger :
Sequencer controls :
General controls :
Single Touch Play :
Performance :
Pads :
Sequencer :
Disk :
Hard Disk :
Sampling/Vocal Processor :
(optional)
Karaoke :
Computer :
Midi :
Auxiliary jacks:
Amplifier :
Dimensions :
Weight :
Supplied accessories :
Optional accessories :
Note: the specifications are subject to change without prior notice.
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2 Reference
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Index
A
A.V.P. functions 2. 89
A.V.P. interface 2. 87
A.V.P. Preset list 2. 88
A.V.P. Preset selection 2. 88
Accord1 preset (MIDI) 2. 78
Accord2 preset (MIDI) 2. 78
Activating the Mic/Line input 2. 83
Add new events, User Style recording 2. 63
Adjusting the Mic/Line signal 2. 83
All Ram files, load/save 2. 35
Amplification system connection 1. 8
Apple Macintosh connection 2. 73
Arabic Scale 2. 15
Arabic Scale Memory 2. 15
Arabic sounds 2. 2
Arabic Tuning 2. 71
ArabKit 2. 2
Arrange Memory 2. 25
Arrange Mode 2. 28
Arrange On/Off 2. 3, 2. 25
Arrange On/Off button 2. 18
Arranger section 2. 25
Assign a MIDI channel 2. 75
Assigning sound, song track 2. 50
Audio Vocal Processor 2. 87
Audio Vocal Processor, activation 2. 87
Audio Vocal Processor Edit 2. 88
Auto Arrange 2. 28
Auto Bass 2. 28
Automatic accompaniments 2. 18
Automatic arrangements 2. 18
Automatic functions, the Styles 2. 23
Automatic Harmony 2. 31
B
Background loading 2. 34
Backings 2. 53
Bank 2. 2
Bars, User Style recording 2. 61
Bass To Lowest 2. 26
Bypass the effects 2. 68
C
Cancel (Arabic Scale) 2. 15
Cancel the Arabic Scale 2. 16
Cancelling samples 2. 86
Change the name of a Performance 2. 13
Change the recording speed, User Style 2. 60
Change the status of the Auto Arrange function 2. 28
Change the status of the Auto Bass function 2. 28
Channel 2. 75
Channel Lock 2. 74, 2. 77
Chord Channel 2. 74
Chord Lock 2. 30
Chord recognition 2. 28
Chord track 2. 53
Chorus 2. 32
Chorus button 2. 67, 2. 68
Chorus send 2. 71
Chorus table A. 4
ChoSend 2. 68
Clear All (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear All Song 2. 50
Clear All, User Style edit 2. 64
Clear Chord (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear Common (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear Common, (Song) 2. 50
Clear function, User Style edit 2. 64
Clear Lower (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear note, User Style edit 2. 63
Clear Riff, User Style edit 2. 64
Clear Song 2. 50
Clear Song Style 2. 58
Clear Tempo (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear Tempo, (Song) 2. 50
Clear Tempo, User Style edit 2. 64
Clear track, (Song) 2. 50
Clear Track, User Style edit 2. 64
Clear Upper 1 (Song Style) 2. 58
Clear Upper 2 (Song Style) 2. 58
Common and Chord channels 2. 76
Common Channel 2. 74
Common track 2. 53
Compressor 2. 87, 2. 90
Computer port 2. 73, 2. 81
Computer/Sequencer connection 2. 77
Controlling Styles via MIDI Common 2. 81
Copy 1.44 2. 43
Copy 720 2. 43
Copy File 2. 42
Copy function, , User Styles 2. 65
Creating a new partition 2. 42
Cursor buttons 1. 15
D
Damper [sustain] 1. 10
Data Entry 1. 17
Deactivating the effects (bypass) 2. 68
Default display 1. 8
Default performance, modification of 2. 12
Delete from Floppy Disk 2. 40
Delete from Hard Disk partition 2. 40
Delete operations 2. 40
Demo Styles 1. 11
Dial 1. 17
Digital Audio Sampler 2. 83
Digital compressor 2. 87
Digital piano (RP Series) connection 2. 77
Digital Signal Processor 2. 67
Direct Sound Memory 2. 5, 2. 8
Direct Sound Memory buttons 1. 17, 2. 68
Direct Style Memory buttons 1. 17
Disk, display 1. 16
Display 1. 15
Displaying Lyrics 2. 52
Drumkits 2. 2
DSP Lock 2. 71
E
Editing User Styles 2. 63
Effect type, selection 2. 68
Effect types, assigning to the Performances 2. 67
Effect types, selection 2. 67
Effects, play with or without 1. 9
Effects selection via MIDI COMMON 2. 81
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Index 3
Keyboard sections 2. 3
Ending 2. 23
Enter 1. 18
Equalizer, 4 band (A.V.P.) 2. 90
Escape 1. 18
Extension, file 2. 35
External clock 2. 76
External monitor, lyrics display 2. 52
L
LCD Display 1. 15
Line input 2. 87
Liquid crystal display 1. 15
Load from Floppy disk 2. 36
Load from Hard Disk partition 2. 37
Load operations 2. 36
Local 2. 76
Local On/Off 2. 76
Lower Memory 2. 25
F
F Disk button 2. 33
Fade 2. 24
Fast Forward/Rewind 2. 49
File types 2. 35
Files 2. 34
Fill 2. 23
Fingered 1 2. 29
Fingered 2 2. 29
Floppy Disk 2. 33
Format 1.44 Mb 2. 41
Format 720 Kb 2. 41
Format Floppy Disk 2. 41
Format Hard Disk partition 2. 41
Format operations 2. 41
FreeStyle 2. 29
Front Panel Layout 1. 4
Full Mode 2. 3
M
Macintosh 2. 73
Macintosh, serial connection 2. 72
Manual Bass 2. 3
Master Volume slider 1. 8
Melody Off button 2. 49
Memorize a panel setting 2. 9
Memory 2. 15
Memory 1, 2, 3 2. 15
Menu, display 1. 15
Metronome 2. 31
Mic input 2. 87
Mic/Line, activation 2. 83
Microtune 2. 71
MIDI 2. 72, 2. 73
MIDI accordion connection 2. 78
MIDI applications 2. 80
MIDI channels 2. 74
MIDI Connection rules 2. 73
Midi Dump 2. 78
MIDI file 2. 35
Midi File, load/save 2. 35
MIDI guitar connection 2. 78
MIDI interface 2. 73
MIDI keyboard connection 2. 78
MIDI Numeration 2. 74
MIDI Piano connection 2. 78
Midi programming 2. 75
Midi Set 2. 77
MIDI setups 2. 6
Mixer lock 2. 71
Mode, display 1. 16
Mode function, User Style recording 2. 61
Modulating effect type (Chorus) 2. 67
Modulation 1. 9
Multi-effect signal processors 2. 32
Multi-effects processor 2. 67
Multi-media Kit 2. 74
MultiChannel preset (MIDI) 2. 77
Multitrack recording 2. 47
G
Gain control 2. 87
General 2. 69
General effect volume 2. 68
General Effect Volumes 1. 9
General MIDI 2. 2, 2. 36
General Midi 2. 76
GMX format 2. 36
GMX standard 2. 76
GMX standard Sounds 2. 2
Guitar preset (MIDI) 2. 78
H
H Disk button 2. 33
Hard Disk 2. 33
Hard Disk Format 2. 44
Hard Disk partition 2. 33
Hard Disk Protect 2. 44
Harmony 2. 31
Headphones connection 1. 8
I
IBM-PC 2. 73
IDE type Hard Disk drive 2. 33
Indicators, display 1. 15
INIT (General) 2. 72
INIT (Restore) function 2. 14
Internal clock 2. 76
Intro 2. 23
N
Name writing 1. 18
Navigation 1. 17
New Partition, create 2. 42
K
KBD_1 preset (MIDI) 2. 78
KBD_2WS preset (MIDI) 2. 78
Key parameter, User Style recording 2. 61
Key Start button 2. 22
Key Stop 2. 24
Key Touch 2. 72
Keyboard Activators 2. 4
Keyboard modes 2. 3
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4 Reference
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O
Octave +/– buttons 1. 11
Octave setting, clear 1. 11
One finger 2. 29
Oriental Styles 2. 18
Overdub, User Style edit 2. 63
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P
P.C. serial connection 2. 72
Page buttons 1. 15, 1. 17
Panic function 2. 91
Part 2. 6
Parts and Tracks 2. 7
Patterns, Style 2. 18
PC IBM connection 2. 73
Pedal, switch programmable 1. 10
Pedals, connection 1. 10
Performance name, how to change 2. 13
Performance parameters 2. 11
Performance programming 2. 9
Performance Recall button 2. 6, 2. 20
Performance, save effect settings 2. 68
Performance selection via MIDI common 2. 82
Performances 2. 6
Performances, all groups load/save 2. 35
Performances, programming 2. 8
Performances, the structure 2. 6
Piano preset (MIDI) 2. 78
Piloting WK2 Or, accordion 2. 80
Piloting WK2 Or, master keyboard 2. 81
Pitch Bend 1. 9
Pitch shifting via MIDI 2. 77
Play a Song track in real time 2. 51
Play All Songs button 2. 34
Play all Songs button 2. 47
Play direct from disk or Hard Disk 2. 34
Play manual Bass 1. 13
Power-up status (default) 1. 8
Preload 2. 34
Preset Arabic Scale 1. 14
Programmable Pads 1. 10
Programmable performances 2. 8
Programming the Song Style Performance 2. 57
Q
Quantize, User Style edit 2. 63
R
Real Time Keyboard sections 2. 3
RealTime Performance 2. 6
RealTime Performances, selection 2. 7
Rear Panel (Connections) 1. 7
Recall a preset Arabic Scale 2. 15
Recall an empty User Style 2. 59
Recalling Styles 2. 20
Receive MIDI dump 2. 79
Recognized chords - example in the key of C A. 8
Record a new track, User Style recording 2. 60
Recording a Song Style 2. 56
Recording Control data, User Styles 2. 66
Recording Program Change data, User Styles 2. 66
Reference Section Ref. 1
Release date (General) 2. 72
Reset (initialize) the memory 2. 72
Restart Style 2. 24
Restore original Performances 2. 14
Reverb 2. 32
Reverb button 2. 67
Reverb send 2. 71
Reverb type 2. 67
RevSend 2. 68
Riff, User Styles 2. 59
Rom Sounds 2. 2
RP/RPT preset (MIDI) 2. 77
RPsplit preset (MIDI) 2. 77
S
Sample Edit parameters 2. 85
Sample RAM 2. 2
Samples 2. 2
Samples bank 2. 3
Samples, load/save 2. 35
Sampling 2. 84
Sampling, procedure 2. 84
Save operations 2. 38
Save to a Hard Disk partition 2. 39
Save to Floppy disk 2. 38
Saving MIDI Files 2. 40
Saving Song Styles 2. 40
Saving User Styles 2. 64
Select a Performance 2. 7
Select a Riff, User Style recording 2. 60
Select a Song Style 2. 53
Select a Variation to record, User Style 2. 60
Select effect types 2. 67
Selecting Sounds 2. 4
Selecting Styles 2. 19, 2. 20
Selecting Styles via MIDI Common 2. 81
Selection 1. 17
Send levels, adjusting 2. 68
Sequencer/Computer connection 2. 77
Serial (General) 2. 72
Set a new Arabic Scale in real time 2. 16
Set the starting parameters, User Style recording 2. 59
Setting a new split point 2. 30
Setting up 1. 8
Single files, Load/Save 2. 35
Single Touch Play button 2. 19
Single Touch Play settings 2. 19
Slow/Fast Load 2. 34
Song, load/save 2. 35
Song Performance 2. 7, 2. 47
Song Performance, programming 2. 49
Song Play - Direct from Disk or H Disk 1. 12
Song, playback 2. 48
Song, selection 2. 48
Song selection via MIDI common 2. 82
Song Style 2. 53
Song Style name 2. 58
Song Style, new name 2. 58
Song Style Performance 2. 53
Song Style Performance, programming 2. 57
Song Style Performances 2. 6
Song Style, play along with 2. 54
Song Style playback 2. 54
Song Style, playback 2. 54
Song Style Recording 2. 55
Song Style, recording 2. 55
Song Style selection via MIDI common 2. 82
Song Styles 2. 35
Song Styles, selection 2. 53
Song Track parameters, modify 2. 49
Sound Bank selection via MIDI 2. 82
Sound Banks 2. 2
Sound numeric keypad 2. 4
Sound, selection 2. 4
Sound selection keypad 1. 17
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Index 5
Sounds 2. 2
Specifications 1. 1
Split function 2. 30
Split Mode 2. 3
Split Point 2. 30
Start recording a User Style 2. 61
Start/Stop 2. 76
Start/Stop button 2. 21
Starting the Styles 2. 21
Storage devices 2. 33
Store (Arabic Scale) 2. 15
Store a user-programmed Arabic Scale 2. 17
Store Performance 2. 12
Structure of the User Styles 2. 59
Style control via MIDI common 2. 81
Style Copy 2. 65
Style Lock 2. 8
Style lock 2. 26
Style Performance 2. 6
Style selection via MIDI common 2. 81
Style Tempo 2. 27
Style Volume and Balance 2. 22
Style/RealTime mode 2. 2, 2. 3
Style/Song selection keypad 1. 17
Style/Tempo Lock button 2. 26
Styles 2. 18
Sustain 2. 31
System Exclusive 2. 82
System Reset 1. 3
Vocal Octave 2. 89
Vocal P. button 2. 32
Vocal Sustain 2. 89
Vocal Track 2. 89
Volume pedal 1. 10
Volume Pedal (General) 2. 71
W
What is a Song? 2. 47
WK2 Or in Song Mode, computer/sequencer
connection 2. 80
WS Series keyboard connection 2. 78
WX Series connection 2. 78
T
Tap Tempo 2. 22
Tempo Lock 2. 26
Text entry 1. 18
Time Signature, User Style recording 2. 61
Track Mute 2. 89
Trackball 1. 9
Tracks 2. 7
Tranposition 1. 10
Transpose clear 1. 10
Transpose IN 2. 77
Transposing by octaves 1. 11
Transposing the instrument 1. 10
Tuning (General) 2. 71
Turn on the power 1. 8
TV (video standard, General) 2. 72
TV Text (General) 2. 72
Two-way communication 2. 73
U
Upgrading your instrument 1. 3
User programmable Styles 2. 59
User Style 2. 59
User Style, load/save 2. 35
User Style name 2. 66
User Style Performance, programming 2. 65
User Style Playback 2. 62
User Style Recording 2. 59
User Styles, group load/save 2. 35
Utility operations 2. 42
V
Variation 2. 23
Vocal duplication 2. 83
Vocal Mute 2. 89
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6 Reference
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Appendix
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A
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WK2 Oriental Sound table (GM - GMX - Oriental)
Bk 1 (Rom)
PIANO group
00
Piano1
01
Piano2
02
Piano3
03
HonkyTonk2
04
E.Piano1*
05
E.Piano2*
06
Harpsichor
07
Clavinet
CHROMATIC group
08
Celesta2
09
Glockenspl
10
MusicBox
11
Vibraphone
12
Marimba
13
Xylophone
14
TubularBel
15
Santur
ORGAN group
16
Organ1 2
17
Organ2
18
Organ3
19
ChurchOrg12
20
ReedOrgan
21
Musette2
22
Harmonica
23
Bandoneon
GUITAR group
24
NylonGtr
25
SteelGtr
26
JazzGtr1
27
CleanGtr
28
MutedGtr
29
Overdrive
30
DistGtr
31
HarmonxGtr
BASS group
32
AcoustcBs1
33
FingeredBs
34
PickBass
35
Fretless
36
SlapBass1
37
SlapBass2
38
SynBass1
39
SynBass2
STRINGS group
40
Violin
41
Viola
42
Cello
43
Contrabass
44
TremoloStr
45
Pizzicato
46
Harp
47
Timpani
ENSEMBLE group
48
Strings
49
SlwStrings
50
SynStrg1
51
SynStrg2
52
Choir
53
VoxOoh
54
SynVox
55
OrchHits2
Bk 2 (Rom)
Bk 3 (Rom)
PianoMk1
PianoW2
E.G.Piano12
DetPiano2
ThinRhodx2
E.Piano32
Harpsich22
SynClav
PickPiano2
Pianoctave2
E.G.Piano22
Western2
E.Piano4
E.Piano5
Harpsich3
WowClav
CelestaPlk2
GlockVibes2
WineGls12
Vibes2
Marimba22
Xylophone2
SoftBell2
BarChimes
ToyPiano2
GlockChoir2
MusicBell
SynVibes
Mallet
XyloTribal2
Oohlalaa
Climbing2
16’1’Draw2
16’8’5’Drw
SwOrgan*
Church22
PipeOrgan2
Accord1
Blusette
Cassotto
Organ1WX2
JazzOrgan32
SynOrg12
Organ3WX2
Organ42
Accord22
WestHarmon
OrganLfo2
SoloGtr
12StrGtr2
OctJzGtr2
ElGuitar1
Muted2
WhaGtr1
FuzzGtr
SlowHarmx2
VocalGtr2
SteelGtr1
Hawaiian
ChorusGtr2
Dyn.Muted*
5thOverdr2
HeavyGt2
HarmGtr32
AcoustcBs2
Dyn.Fingrd*
Dyn.Bass2*
AcidBass1
Dyn.Bass3*
WXBass2
SynBass3
SynBass4
AcousticBs3
Dyn.Bass1*
PckBass22
Flanged
SlapSynBs2
StopBass
TecknoBass2
RaveBass2
SlowViolin
BowedViola
SlowCello
BowedBass
OctTremolo2
OctPizz2
HarpDelay2
TimpaniEFX2
ViolinOrch2
ViolaPad2
CelloEns2
Staccato
Plectra
EchoPizz
Spacehar2
Dyn.Orch I’I*
StereoStrg2
StrgOrch2
SynStrg32
SynStrg42
VoiceUuh2
VoiceAah2
SkatVoices*
Rave2
StrgGlock2
St.SlwStrg
SynStrg52
Strings3
SlowUuh
SlowAah2
Vocoder2
Dyn.St.Hit
Bk 4 (Oriental Rom)
Bk 1 (Rom)
Bk 2 (Rom)
BRASS group
56
Trumpet
FlugelAttk
57
Trombone
Trombone3
58
Tuba
ShortTuba
59
MutedTrp1
MutedTrp2
60
FrenchHorn
Dyn.FrHorn*
61
Brass
Brass22
62
SynBrass12
SynBras22
2
63
SynBrass2
SlowHorn2
REED group
64
Soprano
Soprano2
65
SoftSax
SaxNoise2
66
TenorSax
OctaveSax2
67
BaritonSax
BaritDet2
68
Oboe
OboeChiff2
69
EnglisHorn2
EngHorn22
70
Bassoon
Bassoon2
71
Clarinet
ClarSolo
PIPE group
72
Piccolo
HardFlute12
73
Flute
Dyn.Flute1*
74
Recorder2
HardFlute22
75
PanFlute
PanFlute2
76
BottleBlow
BottleNois
77
Shakuhachi2 Shakupad2
78
Whistle
Whistle1WX
79
Ocarina
OcarinaPan2
SYN LEAD group
80
SquareWave2 Pulse12
81
SawWave
ObxFilter2
2
82
SynCalliop
Azimut2
2
83
ChiffLead
Chopper2
84
Charang
Jump2
85
SoloVox
FiltRes12
86
5thSawWave2Decay12
87
BassLead
Obx22
SYN PAD group
88
Fantasia2
NewAge2
89
WarmPad
Obx12
90
Polysynth2
Fantasy22
91
SpaceVoice
VocBells2
2
92
BowedGlass Prophet12
93
MetalPad2
Bright22
94
HaloPad2
Slave2
95
SweepPad
Machiner2
SYN SFX group
96
IceRain2
Noiseres
97
Soundtrack2 MoonWind2
98
Crystal
Wind2
2
99
Atmosphere Arp26000
100
Brightness
WithGas2
101
Goblin
Resonance2
102
EchoDrops
Synthex12
103
StarTheme2
StarTheme22
ETHNIC group
104
Sitar
SitarDet2
105
Banjo
BanjoOct2
106
Shamisen
ShamSitar2
107
Koto
Kanoun2
108
Kalimba
ShrtKalimb
109
Bagpipe
BagpipeEns2
110
Fiddle
Hukin
111
Shanai
BacktoWS2
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Bk 3 (Rom)
Bk 4 (Oriental - Rom)
FlugelHorn
WowTromb2
WowTuba
Dyn.MtTrp*
TotoHorns2
BrassRips
SyntHorn2
AttkHorn2
SoprFilter
SoftFilt
TenFilter
BariFilter
OboeFilter
HornFilter
BassoonFlt
ClarFilter
HardFlt22
DynHiFlute2
Bubbler
Dyn.Pan
Tube
ShakuVoice2
Whistle3WX2
OcarinaSyn2
Pulse22
Lyle2
SynLead12
Digital2
SoundTrk2
FiltRes22
Decay22
Obx32
PPG2
AnlgPad2
Fantasy32
Angels2
Prophet22
Analogic2
Atmosphere2
Decay32
BigRoom
Slope2
SynLead22
GlockAthm2
PopUp2
NoGravity2
Synthex22
PowerBad2
SynSitar2
EthnicGtr2
SynSham
TrpClarin
SaxTrumpt
BrassEns2
FiddleBell2
VoiceSpect
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Kanoun
Aoud
Nay
Cawala2
Mizmar1
Bouzouk
Ar.Accord1
Ar.Strings1
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Appendix A•1
Bk 1 (Rom)
PERCUSSIVE group
112
TinkleBell2
113
Agogo
114
SteelDrums2
115
Woodblock
116
Taiko
117
Melo.Tom1
118
SynthDrum
119
ReverseCym
SFX group
120
GtFretNois
121
BreathNois
122
Seashore2
123
Bird
124
Telephone1
125
Helicopter2
126
Applause
127
GunShot
Bk 2 (Rom)
Bk 3 (Rom)
Bk 4 (Oriental - Rom)
Dk_Stand.1D
Dk_RoomD
Dk_PowerD
Dk_Elect.D
Dk_HouseD
Dk_Jazz1D
Dk_BrushD
Dk_OrchD
Dk_Stand.2D
Dk_WSD
Dk_Std.1WXD
Dk_DanceD
Dk_TechnoD
Dk_Jazz2D
Dk_M1D
Dk_SY77D
Arab KitD
Gtr.WhaWha
Zapp
TickTack
Scratch1
Telephone2
SynPerc32
HeartBeat
Explosion2
GtrNoise
KeyClick
Drop
Water
Door
Clackson2
PickScrape
Bomb
ROM Bk 6 (Midi)
00
DetuneEP1 2
01
DetuneEP2 2
02
CpHarpsy 2
03
ChurcBel 2
04
DetnOrg1 2
05
DetnOrg2 2
06
ChurOrg2 2
07
ItAccord
08
Ukulele
09
12StGuit 2
10
Mandolin
11
HawGuitr
12
ChoGuitr 2
13
FnkGuitr
14
FbkGuitr
15
GuitarFb
16
S.Bass3
17
S.Bass4 2
18
Orchestr 2
19
S.Strng3 2
20
BrassTr2 2
21
S.Brass3 2
22
S.Brass4 2
23
TaisKoto 2
24
Castanet
25
ConcerBd
26
MeloTom2
27
808_Tom
28
GtCutNse
29
StrnSlap
30
Rain 2
31
Thunder
32
Wind
33
Stream
34
Bubble 2
35
Dog
36
Horse
37
Telephon
38
DoorCrak
39
Door
40
Scratch
41
WdChimes
42
CarEngin
43
Car Stop 2
44
Car Pass 2
45
CarCrash
46
Siren
47
Train
48
Jetplane 2
49
Starship 2
50
BurstNse 2
51
Laughing 2
52
Screamin 2
53
Punch
54
Heart Bt
55
FootStep
56
MachiGun
57
LaserGun 2
58
Explosin 2
112
DrumSFX
KanounWS
Aoud WS
Aoud 2
AoudTremolo
Mizmar 22
Arab Organ2
Ar. Accord22
Ar. Strings22
Bank 5 (Sample - RAM)
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
Sounds without a suffix
Sounds with suffix 2
Sounds with suffix *
Sounds with suffix D
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A•2 Appendix
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Single
Layer
Switch
Drumkit
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Style - Song - Performance tables (Via Midi Common)
ROM STYLES†
User Styles†
ROM STYLES†
CC00 CC32 PC
CC00 CC32 PC
CC00 CC32 PC User Style 1-8
32
32
44
00
00-95 Style
8 BEAT
00
00-95 Style
00
96-103
LATIN 1
96
User Style 1
00
8BtSTAND
48
BOSSA
97
User Style 2
01
8BtBALLAD
49
SAMBA
98
User Style 3
02
8BtFOLK
50
CHA CHA
99
User Style 4
03
8BtHIT
51
TANGO
100
User Style 5
04
8BtMEDIUM
52
RHUMBA
101
User Style 6
05
8BtFUNKY
53
BEGUINE
102
User Style 7
06
8BtMODERN
54
SALSA
103
User Style 8
07
8BtSWING
55
MENEAITO
08
16BtSTAND
56
ZEIBEKICO
CC00 CC32 PC Song Style 1-7
09
16BtBALLAD
57
SYRTOS
62
10
16BtFOLK
58
KALAMAT
104
Song Style 1
11
16BtPOP
59
TSAMIKOS
105
Song Style 2
12
16BtFUNKY
60
TURK 9/8
106
Song Style 3
13
16BtHIT
61
TURK 7/8
107
Song Style 4
14
16BtMEDIUM
62
TURK 5/8
108
Song Style 5
15
16BtSWING
63
DUEK
109
Song Style 6
110
Song Style 7
16 BEAT
ETHNIC
ROCK/FUNK
Song Styles†
00
104-110
ARAB 1
16
HARDROCK
64
BALADI
17
SLOWROCK
65
SAIDI 1
18
ROCKn ‘ ROLL
66
SAIDI 2
CC00 CC32 PC Song 1-7
19
SHUFFLE
67
SAIDIMOD
56
20
FUNKY FUN
68
KATAKUFTI
111
Song 1
21
FUNKY ELECT
69
MAKSOUM
112
Song 2
22
FUNKY POP
70
MAKSUM MD
113
Song 3
23
FUNKY STAND
71
MAKSUM SA
114
Song 4
115
Song 5
DANCE
Songs†
00
111-117
ARAB 2
24
DISCO HIT
72
WEHDA
116
Song 6
25
DISCO FUN
73
CEIFTETL
117
Song 7
26
HOUSE
74
MASMOUDI
27
CLASSIC DISCO
75
SUMAAITH
28
BAKER POP
75
SUMAAIDA
CC00 CC32 PC Performance 1-63
29
RAP
77
BAMBI
48
30
EURO POP
78
HAJAA
31
PARTY POP
79
DALAONA
JAZZ
Performances¥
00
00-62
00-62 Perfs 1-63
ARAB 3
32
SWING
80
MALFOUF
33
MID SWING
81
AYOUB
34
SLOW SWING
82
AADANI 1
35
BIG BAND 1
83
AADANI 2
36
BIG BAND 2
84
KARATCHI
37
DIXIELAND
85
FALLAHI
38
BROADWAY
86
IBRAHIMI
39
FOXTROT
87
FOX
U.S. / TRAD
ARAB 4
40
BLUES
88
RHUMBAMS
41
SLOW BLUES
89
RHUMBAKH
42
BLUE GRASS
90
SAMBA MS
43
COUNTRY
91
CONGA
44
SLOW WALZ
92
OUGROUG
45
ROMAGNA
93
AR. WALTZ
46
PASO DOBLE
94
SHAREH
47
TWIST
95
ZAFFA
† = travels on the MIDI Common channel only
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
Appendix A•3
Reverb table
Chorus table
Reverb†
Chorus†
CC16 - vv (vv=0)
CC16 - vv (vv=64)
CC48 - nn (nn=reverb number)
00 Hall 1
CC48 - nn (nn=effect number)
00 Mono Delay 1
01
Hall 2
01
Mono Delay 2
02
Hall 3
08
Stereo Delay 1
08
Warm Hall
09
Stereo Delay 2
09
Long Hall
16
Multitap Delay 1
10
Stereo Concert
17
Multitap Delay 2
16
Chamber
24
Ping-pong
32
Studio Room 1
25
Panmix
40
Studio Room 2
28
Dubbing
41
Studio Room 3
32
Chorus 1
48
Club Room 1
33
Chorus 2
56
Club Room 2
36
ChorusDelay 1
57
Club Room 3
37
ChorusDelay 2
64
Vocal
40
Ensemble 1
65
Metal Vocal
41
Ensemble 2
72
Plate 1
48
Phaser 1
73
Plate 2
49
Phaser 2
80
Church
56
Flanger 1
88
Mountains
57
Flanger 2
89
Falling
60
FlangerDelay 1
104 Early 1
61
FlangerDelay 2
105 Early 2
96
Rotary
† = travels on the MIDI Common channel only
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
A•4 Appendix
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
DRUMKIT TABLES
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
C2 36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
C3 48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
C4 60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
C5 72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
C6 84
85
86
87
88
DK_STAND1 112-2
ROLLSNARE
FINGERSNAP
ZAPP
GunShot
SCRATCH2
SCRATCH1
STICK
SQCLICK
HOUSERIM
MUTBELL
BDSTD2
BDSTD1
RIMSHOT1
SDSTD1
HOUSECLAP
SDSTD4
TOMLOW
HHCLO1S
TOMLOW
HHPEDAL
TOMLOW
HHOPEN2
TOMLOW
TOMHIGH
CRASH
TOMHIGH
RIDECYM
CHINA
RIDECUP
TAMBSLP
SPLASH
COWBELL
CRASH
VIBRASLAP
RIDECYM
CONGASLAP
BONGOLOW
CONGAHSLAP
CONGAHIGH
CONGALOW
TIMBALES
TIMBLOW
AGOGO
AGOGO
CABASA
MARACAS
WHISTLE
WHISTLE
GUIROSHORT
GUIROLONG
CLAVES
WOODBLOCK
WOODBLOCK
QUICAHIGH
QUICALOW
TRIANSHORT
TRIANLONG
SHAKER
JINGLEBELL
WINDCHIMES
CASTANETS
MTSURDO
OPSURDO
DK_ROOM 113-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDROOM1
BDROOM1
<
SDROOM1
<
SDROOM2
TOMROOM
HHTGHT1
TOMROOM
<
TOMROOM
<
TOMROOM
TOMROOM
<
TOMROOM
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_POWER 114-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDELECT1
BDROOM1
<
SDROOM2
<
SDSTD3
<
HHTGHT1
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_ELECT. 115-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDELECT1
BDELECT1
<
SDELECT
<
SDROOM1
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
HHOPEN1
TOMELEC
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
<
ReverseCym
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_HOUSE 116-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDHOUSE2
BDHOUSE
HOUSERIM
<
<
HOUSESD2
HOUSETCON
HOUSEHH
HOUSETCON
HOUSEHH
HOUSETCON
HOUSERIDE
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
HOUSERIDE
HOUSETCON
<
<
<
<
<
HOUSECOWB
<
<
<
<
<
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
<
<
<
<
<
VOXHHCL
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_JAZZ 117-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDJAZZ
<
SDJAZZ3
<
SDSTD3
TOMJAZZ
HHTGHT1
TOMJAZZ
<
TOMJAZZ
HHOPEN1
TOMJAZZ
TOMJAZZ
<
TOMJAZZ
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_SFX 112-6 (via MIDI)
HIGH Q
SLAP
SCRATCH PUSH
SCRATCH PULL
STICKS
SQUARE CLICK
METRO CLICK
METRO BELL
GUIT FRET N
GUIT CUT N UP
GUIT CUT N DW
STRING SLAP
FL.KEY CLICK
LAUGHING
SCREAMIN
PUNCH
HEART BT
FOOTSTEP1
FOOTSTEP2
APPLAUSE
DOOR CRAK
DOOR
SCRATCH
WIND CHIMES
CAR-ENGINE
CAR-STOP
CAR-PASS
CAR-CRASH
SIREN
TRAIN
JETPLANE
HELICOPTER
STARSHIP
GUN SHOT
MACHINE GUN
LASER GUN
EXPLOSION
DOG
HORSE
BIRDS
RAIN
THUNDER
WIND
SEASHORE
STREAM
BUBBLE
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
C7 96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
C8 108
“<“ = as DK_STAND1 112-2
○
○
○
○
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○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
Appendix A•5
Drumkit tables
25
DK_BRUSH 118-2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDJAZZ
<
BRUSHTAP
BRUSHSLP
BRUSREV
TOMBRUSH
HHTGHT1
TOMBRUSH
<
TOMBRUSH
<
TOMBRUSH
TOMBRUSH
<
TOMBRUSH
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
C2 36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
C3 48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
C4 60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
C5 72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
C6 84
85
86
87
88
DK_ORCH. 119-2
<
<
HHTGHT1
HHPEDAL
HHOPEN2
RIDECYM
<
<
<
<
BDSTD3
BDORCH
<
SDORCH
CASTANETS
SDORCH
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
TIMPANI
<
<
<
<
<
CRASHORCH
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
Applause
89
DK_STAND.2 112-3
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDSTD3
<
<
SDSTD4
<
SDSTD3
<
HHCLO2
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_WS 113-3
BDPOWER
SDELECT
SDROOM2
SDSTD3
TOMHIGH
TOMHIGH
CABASA
<
TAMBSLP
<
COWBELL
RIMSHOT2
BDJAZZ
BRUSRIG
DYNSDJAZZ
BRUSHTAP
TOMJAZZ
TOMJAZZ
HHCLO1S
TOMJAZZ
HHPEDAL
WOODBLOCK
HHOPEN2
HOUSCLAP
BDSTD1
RIDECYM
SDSTD1
RIDECUP
TOMROOM
TOMROOM
SPLASH
TOMROOM
CRASH
VIBRASLAP
CHINA
FINGERSNAP
BONGOLOW
BONGOLOW
CONGASLAP
CONGAHIGH
CONGALOW
GUIROLONG
QUICALOW
TIMBALES
TIMBALES
AGOGO
TRIANLONG
WHISTLE
BDHOUSE1
NOISEPERC
HOUSSD1
VOICES1
VOICES 3
VOICES2
VOXHHCL
VOICES2
VOXHHCL
VOXTIP
VOXTAP
CLAKSON
DOLLYVOX
TAMBSLP
ROLLSNARE
SDORCH
HHCLO1S
CLAVES
CONGALOW
QUICAHIGH
AGOGO
STICK
STICK
STICK
STICK
90
91
92
93
94
95
C7 96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
C8 108
“<“ = as DK_STAND1 112-2
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
A•6 Appendix
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
DRUM_WX 114-3
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDELECT1
BDROOM1
<
SDROOM2
<
SDSTD3
<
HHTGHT1
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_DANCE 115-3
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDELECT1
BDELECT1
<
SDELECT
<
SDROOM1
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
HHOPEN1
TOMELEC
TOMELEC
<
TOMELEC
<
ReverseCym
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
Drumkit tables
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
C2 36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
C3 48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
C4 60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
C5 72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
C6 84
85
86
87
88
DK_TECHNO 116-3
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDTEKNO
BDJAZZ
HOUSERIM
HOUSSD1
<
HOUSESD2
HOUSETCON
HHCLO2
HOUSETCON
HHTGHT1
HOUSETCON
HOUSERIDE
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
HHOPEN2
HOUSETCON
ReverseCym
<
<
<
<
HOUSECOWB
<
<
<
<
<
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
HOUSETCON
DYNSDJAZZ
SDJAZZ2
<
<
<
VOXHHCL
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
C7 96
97
DK_JAZZ2 117-3
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
BDJAZZ
RIMSHOT2
SDJAZZ3
<
DYNSDJAZZ
TOMJAZZ
HHTGHT1
TOMJAZZ
<
TOMJAZZ
HHOPEN1
TOMJAZZ
TOMJAZZ
<
TOMJAZZ
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
<
DK_M1 118-3
DK_SY77. 119-3
<
BDROOM1
BDELECT1
BDHOUSE1
BDPOWER
SDSTD1
SDORCH
SDSTD3
HOUSSD1
SDROOM2
RIMSHOT1
SDROOM2
TOMLOW
TOMROOM
TOMLOW
TOMROOM
TOMHIGH
HHCLO1S
HOUSEHH
HHPEDAL
HOUSERIDE
HHOPEN2
TAMBOURINE
HOUSEHH
CRASH
CHINA
RIDECYM
RIDECUP
CABASA
VOXHHCL
HOUSCLAP
BONGOLOW
BONGOLOW
DARBKLOW
DARBKHIGH
CONGALOW
CONGAHIGH
TIMBALES
TRIANSHORT
TIMBALES
TRIANLONG
NOISEPERC
NOISEPERC
DOOR
NOISEPERC
SDSTD2
ROLLSNARE
SDSTD3
BDSTD2
BDROOM1
BDELECT1
BDPOWER
TOMLOW
TOMLOW
TOMHIGH
TOMHIGH
BDHOUSE1
BDSTD2
SDSTD1
TOMROOM
TOMROOM
SDSTD3
TOMROOM
RIMSHOT1
SDELECT
TOMROOM
HOUSECLAP
COWBELL
CABASA
HHCLO1S
TAMBOURINE
HHOPEN2
CRASH
ROLLSNARE
RIDECYM
RIDECUP
TubularBel
TubularBel
TubularBel
KITCHEN
KITCHEN
DARBKLOW
DARBKHIGH
BreathNois
BreathNois
VIBRASLAP
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
VOICES1
ARABKIT 119-4
ROLLSNARE
FINGERSNAP
ZAPP
GUNSHOT
SCRATCH2
SCRATCH1
STICK
SQCLICK
HOUSERIM
MUTBELL
BDSTD2
BDSTD1
RIMSHOT1
ARABIC SNARE
ARABIC CLAP
SDSTD4
TOMLOW
HHCLOS1
TOMLOW
HHPEDAL
TOMLOW
HiHat Open
TOMLOW
TOMHIGH
CRASH
TOMHIGH
RIDECYM
CHINA
RIDECUP
TAMBSLP
SPLASH
COWBELL
CRASH
VIBRASLAP
RIDECYM
CONGASLAP
BONGOLOW
CONGAHSLAP
CONGAHIGH
CONGALOW
DOHOLLA DOM
ZAGHRUDA 1
ZAGHRUDA 2
DOHOLLA TAC
DOHOLLA SAK 1
DOHOLLA SAK 2
KATEM DOM
KATEM TAC
KATEM SAK
SAGHAT OPEN 1
SAGHAT OPEN 2
SAGHAT CLOSE
TABLA DOM
TABLA TAC 1
TABLA TAC 2
TABLA TAC 1
TABLA TAC 3
TABLA SAK
TABLA TAC 4
NAKRAZAN DOM
NAKRAZAN TAC
NAKRAZAN TAC
NAKRAZAN SAK
REQ RASH
REQ DOM
REQ BELL
REQ TAC 3
REQ BELL
REQ TAC 3
REQ SAK
REQ TAC 1
REQ TAC 2
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
C8 108
“<“ = as DK_STAND1 112-2
○
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○
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○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
Appendix A•7
Recognized chords - example in the key of C
C
Cm6
10. Cm6
1. C
19. C7sus4
C6
Cm7
2. C6
11. Cm7
Cm7b5
12. Cm7b5
3. CM7
Cmadd9
4. CM7b5
13. Cmadd9
Cm9
5. Cadd9
14. Cm9
CmM7
6. CM79
15. CmM7
Cdim
7. C69
16. Cdim
Caug
Cb5
17. Cb5
8. Caug
Cm
C7
18. C7
9. Cm
The notes in brackets can be ignored
○
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○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
Csus4
24. Csus4
C69
○
C7aug
23. C7aug
CM79
○
C7b9
22. C7b9
Cadd9
○
C79
21. C79
CM7b5
○
C7b5
20. C7b5
CM7
A•8 Appendix
C7sus4
○
○
○
○
MIDI Implementation Chart
Manufacturer: Generalmusic S.p.A.
Function
Basic
Channel
Mode
Note
Number
Velocity
After
Touch
Pit/Mod
Control
Change
Default
Changed
Default
Messages
Altered
True voice
Note ON
Note OFF
Key’s
Ch’s
Model: WK2 ORIENTAL
Version: 1.00
Transmitted
Recognized
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-16
Mode 3
Mode 3
X
X
*****
X
0-127
0-127
*****
o
o
o
o
x
x
x
o
o
o
0,32
Bank change
0,32
Bank change
4
Foot controller
1
Modulation
6,38
Data Entry
4
Foot controller
7
Volume
6,38
Data Entry
10
Pan
7
Volume
11
Expression Contr.
10
Pan
18,50† Oriental control
11
Expression Controller
64
Damper Pedal
16,48† Effects selection
66
Sustain
18,50† Oriental control
67
Soft pedal
64
Damper Pedal
91
Reverb depth
66
Sustain
93
Chorus depth
67
Soft pedal
98-99
NRPN
72
Attack time
100,101 RPN
73
Release time
74
Filter 1 cut-off freq.
91
Reverb depth
93
Chorus depth
98,99 NRPN
100,101 RPN
Cntrl 50 (ONE SHOT):
0†
Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8†
Intro
16†
End
24-27† Variations 1-2-3-4
40†
Key start
59†
Fade
61†
Rotary slow/fast
66,67† Tempo inc. dec.
68,69† Performance inc. dec.
Remarks
1 MIDI IN; 1 THRU; OUT
EXTRA COMMON/CHORD CH.
true voice on banks 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 6
depend on selected sound
Bank change recognised on
common channel, only in reception:
Bank
P.change
32-43†
44-47†
48-55†
56-61†
62†
0-95
0-15
0-63
0-6
0-6
Internal styles.
Prog.Styles
Real time Perf.
Songs
Song Styles
Cntrl 51
ON [0,63] OFF[64,127]
0†
Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8†
Intro
16†
End
32†
Harmony
33†
Arrange
37†
Arrange Memory
38†
Lower Memory
40†
Key start
48†
Single touch play
49†
Style Lock
51†
Tempo Lock
59,60 Fade in-out
61†
Rotary (OFF=slow)
0-127
Program
0-127
0-127
Change
True number
*****
System Exclusive
o
o
System
Song Position
x
x
Song Select
x
x
Common
Tune
x
x
System
Clock
o
o
Real Time
Commands
o
o
Aux
Active sensing
o
o
Messages
All Suond Off
o
o
Reset All Contr.
o
o
Local ON OFF
o
o
All Note Off
o
o
Notes
† These messages travel on the Common channel only
Mode 1 OMNI ON - POLY
Mode 3 ONMI OFF - POLY
Start, Stop
Continue
o: YES x: NO
Mode 2 OMNI ON - MONO
Mode 4 OMNI OFF - MONO
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Appendix A•9
Recognized Control Change messages
(MIDI Controllers)
Control Change on tracks
CC00,32
Bank change.
A ControlChange message activates a Controlller, determined
by the first ControlChange value.
The ControlChange consists of three parts:
• status byte - (status) determines the status of the
ControlChange message.
• data byte 1 - (value 1) MIDI Controller activated by the
ControlChange message. This is the number by which the
ControlChanges are identified in the following tables.
• data byte 2 - (value 2) value of the activated MIDI Controller.
CC01
Modulation.
CC06,38
Data Entry.
CC07
Main Volume.
CC10
Pan (panorama).
CC11
Expression.
CC16,48† Effects selection
CC17,49† Effects volume
CC18,50† General Purpose (Tuning control)
CC32
BankSelect LSB.
CC64
Damper pedal.
CC66
Sostenuto (sustain) pedal.
CC67
Soft pedal.
CC71
Resonance.
CC72
Release Time.
CC73
Attack Time.
CC74
Filter Cutoff Frequency.
CC80
One Shot control
CC81
On/Off control
CC91
Effect 1 send (E1, reverb depth).
CC93
Effect 2 send (E2, chorus depth).
CC98,99
NRPN
CC100-101 RPN
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A•10 Appendix
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