Vigor2930 Series Dual-WAN Security Firewall User's Guide

Vigor2930 Series Dual-WAN Security Firewall User's Guide
Vigor2930 Series
Dual-WAN Security Firewall
User’s Guide
Version: 1.2
Date: 2008/03/10
Copyright 2008 All rights reserved.
This publication contains information that is protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted,
transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the copyright
holders. The scope of delivery and other details are subject to change without prior notice.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
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Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright 2008 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed,
stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language without written
permission from the copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:
z
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
z
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
z
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
z
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty
z
z
Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the router.
The router is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the router
yourself.
z
Do not place the router in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.
z
The router should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range
of +5 to +40 Celsius.
z
Do not expose the router to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The
housing and electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or
heat sources.
z
Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic
shock hazards.
z
Keep the package out of reach of children.
z
When you want to dispose of the router, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the router will be free from
any defects in workmanship or materials for a period of two (2) years from the
date of purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe
place as it serves as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and
upon proof of purchase, should the product have indications of failure due to
faulty workmanship and/or materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace
the defective products or components, without charge for either parts or labor, to
whatever extent we deem necessary tore-store the product to proper operating
condition. Any replacement will consist of a new or re-manufactured
functionally equivalent product of equal value, and will be offered solely at our
discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is modified, misused,
tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal working
conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the
product will not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the
manual and online documentation and to make changes from time to time in the
contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of such revision or
changes.
Be a Registered
Owner
Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor router via
http://www.draytek.com.
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be
regularly upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on
newest firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.draytek.com
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European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, HuKou County, HsinChu Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan 303
Vigor2930 Series Router
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor2930 Series of routers are in compliance with the following essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EEC.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the use is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different form that to which the receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
.
Please visit http://www.draytek.com/about_us/R_TTE_Certification.php.
This product is designed for the ISDN and 2.4GHz WLAN network throughout the EC region and Switzerland
with restrictions in France. Please see the user manual for the applicable networks on your product.
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Table of Contents
1
Preface ...............................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ................................................................................. 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors .............................................................................................. 2
1.2.1 For Vigor2930 ................................................................................................................... 3
1.2.2 For Vigor2930n ................................................................................................................. 4
1.2.3 For Vigor2930Vn............................................................................................................... 6
1.2.4 For Vigor2930VS .............................................................................................................. 8
1.2.5 For Vigor2930VSn .......................................................................................................... 10
1.3 Hardware Installation ............................................................................................................ 12
1.4 ISDN Phone Adapter Installation .......................................................................................... 13
2
Configuring Basic Settings ............................................................................15
2.1 Changing Password .............................................................................................................. 15
2.2 Quick Start Wizard ................................................................................................................ 17
2.2.1 PPPoE ............................................................................................................................ 18
2.2.2 PPTP............................................................................................................................... 20
2.2.3 Static IP........................................................................................................................... 21
2.2.4 DHCP.............................................................................................................................. 22
2.3 Online Status......................................................................................................................... 23
2.4 Saving Configuration............................................................................................................. 25
3
Advanced Web Configuration..................................................................................27
3.1 WAN ...................................................................................................................................... 27
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network......................................................................... 27
3.1.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 28
3.1.3 Internet Access ............................................................................................................... 30
3.1.4 Load-Balance Policy ....................................................................................................... 36
3.2 LAN ....................................................................................................................................... 39
3.2.1 Basics of LAN ................................................................................................................. 39
3.2.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 41
3.2.3 Static Route .................................................................................................................... 43
3.2.4 VLAN............................................................................................................................... 46
3.2.5 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................... 47
3.3 NAT ....................................................................................................................................... 48
3.3.1 Port Redirection .............................................................................................................. 49
3.3.2 DMZ Host........................................................................................................................ 51
3.3.3 Open Ports...................................................................................................................... 54
3.4 Objects Settings .................................................................................................................... 56
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3.4.1 IP Object ......................................................................................................................... 56
3.4.2 IP Group ......................................................................................................................... 58
3.4.3 Service Type Object ....................................................................................................... 59
3.4.4 Service Type Group........................................................................................................ 60
3.4.5 CSM-IM Object ............................................................................................................... 61
3.4.6 CSM-P2P Object ............................................................................................................ 62
3.4.7 CSM-Misc Object............................................................................................................ 64
3.5 CSM ...................................................................................................................................... 65
3.5.1 IM/P2P Profile................................................................................................................. 65
3.5.2 URL Content Filter Profile............................................................................................... 66
3.5.3 Web Content Filter Profile............................................................................................... 68
3.6 Firewall .................................................................................................................................. 70
3.6.1 Basics for Firewall........................................................................................................... 70
3.6.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 72
3.6.3 Filter Setup ..................................................................................................................... 73
3.6.4 DoS Defense .................................................................................................................. 79
3.7 Bandwidth Management ....................................................................................................... 82
3.7.1 Sessions Limit................................................................................................................. 82
3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit .............................................................................................................. 84
3.7.3 Quality of Service............................................................................................................ 85
3.8 Applications ........................................................................................................................... 92
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS ................................................................................................................. 92
3.8.2 Schedule ......................................................................................................................... 94
3.8.3 RADIUS .......................................................................................................................... 95
3.8.4 UPnP............................................................................................................................... 97
3.8.5 Wake on LAN.................................................................................................................. 98
3.9 VPN and Remote Access.................................................................................................... 100
3.9.1 Remote Access Control ................................................................................................ 100
3.9.2 PPP General Setup ...................................................................................................... 100
3.9.3 IPSec General Setup .................................................................................................... 102
3.9.4 IPSec Peer Identity ....................................................................................................... 103
3.9.5 Remote Dial-in User ..................................................................................................... 105
3.9.6 LAN to LAN................................................................................................................... 108
3.9.7 Connection Management.............................................................................................. 116
3.10 Certificate Management .....................................................................................................117
3.10.1 Local Certificate .......................................................................................................... 117
3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate ................................................................................................ 119
3.10.3 Certificate Backup....................................................................................................... 120
3.11 VoIP ................................................................................................................................... 120
3.11.1 DialPlan ...................................................................................................................... 121
3.11.2 SIP Accounts .............................................................................................................. 129
3.11.3 Phone Settings ........................................................................................................... 133
3.11.4 Status.......................................................................................................................... 149
3.12 ISDN.................................................................................................................................. 150
3.12.1 Basic Concept............................................................................................................. 150
3.12.2 General Settings ......................................................................................................... 151
3.12.3 Dial to Single/Dual ISPs.............................................................................................. 154
3.12.4 Call Control ................................................................................................................. 157
3.13 Wireless LAN .................................................................................................................... 159
3.13.1 Basic Concepts........................................................................................................... 159
3.13.2 General Setup............................................................................................................. 161
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3.13.3 Security ....................................................................................................................... 163
3.13.4 Access Control............................................................................................................ 164
3.13.5 WPS............................................................................................................................ 166
3.13.6 WDS............................................................................................................................ 168
3.13.7 AP Discovery .............................................................................................................. 172
3.13.8 Station List .................................................................................................................. 172
3.13.9 Rate Control................................................................................................................ 174
3.14 System Maintenance......................................................................................................... 174
3.14.1 System Status............................................................................................................. 175
3.14.2 TR-069 Setting............................................................................................................ 176
3.14.3 Administrator Password.............................................................................................. 177
3.14.4 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................. 177
3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert ......................................................................................................... 180
3.14.6 Time and Date ............................................................................................................ 181
3.14.7 Management............................................................................................................... 182
3.14.8 Reboot System ........................................................................................................... 183
3.14.9 Firmware Upgrade ...................................................................................................... 184
3.15 Diagnostics........................................................................................................................ 185
3.15.1 Dial-out Trigger ........................................................................................................... 185
3.15.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................................. 186
3.15.3 ARP Cache Table ....................................................................................................... 186
3.15.4 DHCP Table................................................................................................................ 187
3.15.5 NAT Sessions Table ................................................................................................... 187
3.15.6 Data Flow Monitor....................................................................................................... 188
3.15.7 Traffic Graph............................................................................................................... 190
3.15.8 Ping Diagnosis............................................................................................................ 191
3.15.9 Trace Route ................................................................................................................ 192
4
Application and Examples ............................................................................193
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office and Headquarter ................... 193
4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the Teleworker and Headquarter...... 200
4.3 QoS Setting Example.......................................................................................................... 204
4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT ............................................................................................. 207
4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function ...................................................................................... 209
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever .................................................................................................... 209
4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling ..................................................................................................... 211
4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router ..................................................................................... 213
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA Server ......................................... 215
4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows CA Server ............................... 219
5
Trouble Shooting ...........................................................................................221
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not.................................................................... 221
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ................. 222
5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer ............................................................................. 224
5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ........................................................................ 225
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5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ................................................................ 227
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer ....................................................................................................... 228
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1
Preface
Vigor2930 is a broadband router with dual-WAN interface. It provides policy-based
load-balance, fail-over and BOD (Bandwidth on Demand), also it integrates IP layer QoS,
NAT session/bandwidth management to help users control works well with large bandwidth.
By adopting hardware-based VPN platform, hardware encryption of AES/DES/3DS and
hardware key hash of SHA-1/MD5, the router increases the performance of VPN greatly,
and offers several protocols (such as IPSec/PPTP/L2TP) with up to 100 VPN tunnels.
The object-originated design used in SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall allows users to
set firewall policy with ease. CSM (Content Security Management) provides users control
and management in IM (Instant Messenger) and P2P (Peer to Peer) more efficiency than
before. By the way, DoS/DDoS prevention and URL/Web content filter strengthen the
security outside and control inside.
Vigor2930 “S” series models support two ISDN ports. ISDN S0 (1) port is dedicated for
ISDN phone and ISDN S0 (2) port is configurable for ISDN line and phone if required. It
can support multiple SIP registrars with high flexible configuration and call handling
options.
Object-oriented firewall is flexible and allows your network be safe. In addition, through
VoIP function, the communication fee for you and remote people can be reduced.
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings.
Clear all the selections and parameters settings, including selection from
drop-down list. All the values must be reset with factory default settings.
Add new settings for specified item.
Edit the settings for the selected item.
Delete the selected item with the corresponding settings.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for detailed
explanation.
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1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and
connectors first.
The displays of LED indicators and connectors for the routers are different slightly. The
following sections will introduce them respectively.
Definitions for ISDN Ports
Below shows the names that displayed on front panel of the device and the WEB UI of this
device.
ISDN TE (Terminal Equipment) means an interface for transmitting analog signal through
Internet between Switching and router. Such interface is also named with ISDN S0 extern in
Germany.
ISDN NT (Network Terminator) is a port that used to connect general phone. Such interface
is also named with ISDN S0 intern in Germany.
The ISDN S0 (1) port on Vigor2930 series is fixed to connect phone forever and the LED on
the connecter will light orange always. However ISDN S0 (2) port on this device is
configurable for connecting phone or accessing Internet according to the settings that you
adjust on WEB UI (please refer to VoIP>>Phone Setting for detailed information).
Warning: When the orange LED lights (means ISDN NT mode), the ISDN
port can be used to connect phone only. Wrong ISDN connection might cause
severe damage on your device.
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1.2.1 For Vigor2930
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
CSM
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
CPA (Content Portal Authority)
On
WAN1/2
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The profile of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P application is active. (It
is enabled from CSM >> IM/P2P Profile).
The Web Content Filter is active. (It is enabled
from CSM >> Web Content Filter Profile).
The WAN1 or WAN2 port is connected.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The router is managed (handled) by Telnet.
It will blink while being managed by IE browser.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
DoS
MGMT
VPN
QoS
LED on Connector
WAN 1/2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN 1/2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking).
Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED
begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart
with the factory default configuration.
Restart the router forcefully.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
Restart
WAN(1/2)
LAN (1-4)
PWR
ON/OFF
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1.2.2 For Vigor2930n
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
WLAN
On
Blinking
WAN1/2
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The profile of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P application is active. (It
is enabled from CSM >> IM/P2P Profile).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
It will blink fast when WPS is working and it will
return to normal condition after two minutes.
(You need to setup WPS within 2 minutes.)
The WAN1 or WAN2 port is connected.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The router is managed (handled) by Telnet.
It will blink while being managed by IE browser.
The VPN tunnel is active.
The QoS function is active.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
DoS
CSM
MGMT
VPN
QoS
LED on Connector
WAN 1/2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN 1/2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Press "Factory Reset" button once to make network connection through WPS.
Press "Factory Reset" button twice to enable or disable WLAN function.
Press "Factory Reset" button for 5 seconds to do the factory reset.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking).
Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED
begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart
with the factory default configuration.
Restart the router forcefully.
Connecters for PSTN phones.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Restart
Phone (1/2)
WAN (1/2)
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LAN (1-4)
PWR
ON/OFF
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Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for a power adapter..
Power Switch.
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1.2.3 For Vigor2930Vn
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
WLAN
On
Blinking
WAN1/2
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Off
Blinking
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The profile of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P application is active. (It
is enabled from CSM >> IM/P2P Profile).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
It will blink fast when WPS is working and it will
return to normal condition after two minutes.
(You need to setup WPS within 2 minutes.)
The WAN1 or WAN2 port is connected.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The router is managed (handled) by Telnet.
It will blink while being managed by IE browser.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
DoS
CSM
MGMT
Phone 1/2
LED on Connector
WAN 1/2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
LAN 1/2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Press "Factory Reset" button once to make network connection through WPS.
Press "Factory Reset" button twice to enable or disable WLAN function.
Press "Factory Reset" button for 5 seconds to do the factory reset.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking).
Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED
begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart
with the factory default configuration.
Restart the router forcefully.
Connecters for PSTN phones.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Restart
Phone (1/2)
WAN (1/2)
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LAN (1-4)
PWR
ON/OFF
Vigor2930 Series User’s Guide
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
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1.2.4 For Vigor2930VS
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
CSM
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
CPA (Content Portal Authority)
On
WAN1/2
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Off
Blinking
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The profile of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P application is active. (It
is enabled from CSM >> IM/P2P Profile).
The Web Content Filter is active. (It is enabled
from CSM >> Web Content Filter Profile)
The WAN1 or WAN2 port is connected.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The router is managed (handled) by Telnet.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
DoS
MGMT
Phone 1/2
LED on Connector
On
ISDN S0 1
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
On
Right LED
(Green)
ISDN S0 2
Blinking
On
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
Off
Right LED
(Green)
On
Blinking
WAN 1/2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
8
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an
ISDN phone adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an
ISDN phone adapter is not connected.
A phone has been connected. If not, green LED will
be off.
An ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active
configured from VoIP>>Phone Settings and an
ISDN phone adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings is active and an ISDN
phone adapter is not connected.
It means ISDN TE mode is active which is
configured from VoIP>>Phone Settings.
A phone adapter with phone set has been connected
(ISDN S0 intern mode) or ISDN line has been
connected (ISDN S0 extern mode). It will be off if
there is nothing connected.
In ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode, it means an
ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
In ISDN TE mode, it means data, fax or voice
(phone call) is transmitting.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
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LAN 1/2/3/4
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking).
Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED
begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart
with the factory default configuration.
Restart the router forcefully.
Connecters for PSTN phones.
Connecter for ISDN phone(s) only via ISDN phone adapter. Do not connect any
other device to such port or connect ISDN line, otherwise the router might be
damaged.
Connecter for ISDN line or ISDN phone adapter in particular condition. Refer to
section 2.2 for more details.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
Restart
Phone (1/2)
ISDN S0 1
ISDN S0 2
WAN (1/2)
LAN (1-4)
PWR
ON/OFF
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1.2.5 For Vigor2930VSn
LED
Status
Explanation
ACT (Activity)
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
On
The router is powered on and running normally.
The router is powered off.
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while deleting an attack.
The profile of CSM (Content Security
Management) for IM/P2P application is active. (It
is enabled from CSM >> IM/P2P Profile).
Wireless access point is ready.
It will blink while wireless traffic goes through.
It will blink fast when WPS is working and it will
return to normal condition after two minutes.
(You need to setup WPS within 2 minutes.)
The WAN1 or WAN2 port is connected.
It will blink while transmitting data.
The router is managed (handled) by Telnet.
It will blink while being managed by IE browser.
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
A phone call comes.
DoS
CSM
WLAN
On
Blinking
WAN1/2
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Off
Blinking
MGMT
Phone 1/2
LED on Connector
On
ISDN S0 1
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
On
Right LED
(Green)
ISDN S0 2
Blinking
On
Left LED
(Orange)
Blinking
Off
Right LED
(Green)
On
Blinking
WAN 1/2
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
10
On
Off
Blinking
On
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an
ISDN phone adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active and an
ISDN phone adapter is not connected.
A phone has been connected. If not, green LED will
be off.
An ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode is active
configured from VoIP>>Phone Settings and an
ISDN phone adapter is connected.
ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode configured from
VoIP>>Phone Settings is active and an ISDN
phone adapter is not connected.
It means ISDN TE mode is active which is
configured from VoIP>>Phone Settings.
A phone adapter with phone set has been connected
(ISDN S0 intern mode) or ISDN line has been
connected (ISDN S0 extern mode). It will be off if
there is nothing connected.
In ISDN NT (ISDN S0 intern) mode, it means an
ISDN phone is off-hook or a phone call comes.
In ISDN TE mode, it means data, fax or voice
(phone call) is transmitting.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
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LAN 1/2/3/4
(Green)
Left LED
(Green)
Right LED
(Green)
Off
On
Off
Blinking
On
Off
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
The port is connected.
The port is disconnected.
The data is transmitting.
The port is connected with 100Mbps.
The port is disconnected with 10Mbps.
Interface
Description
Factory Reset
Press "Factory Reset" button once to make network connection through WPS
Press "Factory Reset" button twice to enable or disable WLAN function.
Press "Factory Reset" button for 5 seconds to do the factory reset.
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is blinking).
Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED
begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then the router will restart
with the factory default configuration.
Restart the router forcefully.
Connecters for PSTN phones.
Connecter for ISDN phone(s) only via ISDN phone adapter. Do not connect any
other device to such port or connect ISDN line, otherwise the router might be
damaged.
Connecter for ISDN line or ISDN phone adapter in particular condition. Refer to
section 2.2 for more details.
Connecters for remote networked devices.
Connecters for local networked devices.
Connecter for a power adapter.
Power Switch.
Restart
Phone (1/2)
ISDN S0 1
ISDN S0 2
WAN (1/2)
LAN (1-4)
PWR
ON/OFF
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1.3 Hardware Installation
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the cable Modem/DSL Modem/Media Converter to any WAN port of router
with Ethernet cable (RJ-45). The WAN1/WAN2 LED (Left or Right) will light up
according to the speed (100 or 10) of the device that it connected.
2.
Connect one end of an Ethernet cable (RJ-45) to one of the LAN ports of the router and
the other end of the cable (RJ-45) into the Ethernet port on your computer. The LAN
LED (Left or Right) will light up according to the speed (100 or 10) of the device that it
connected.
3.
Connect the telephone sets with phone lines (for using VoIP function). For the model
without phone ports, skip this step.
4.
Connect one end of the power adapter to the router’s power port on the rear panel, and
the other side into a wall outlet.
5.
Power on the device by pressing down the power switch on the rear panel.
6.
The system starts to initiate. After completing the system test, the ACT LED will light
up and start blinking.
(For the detailed information of LED status, please refer to section 1.2.)
Caution: Each of the Phone ports can be connected to an analog phone only. Do not
connect the phone ports to the telephone wall jack. Such connection might damage
your router.
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1.4 ISDN Phone Adapter Installation
Such information is provided for Vigor2930 S models (e.g., Vigor2930VS).
ISDN S0 1 is always fixed to connect ISDN phone. However, ISDN S0 2 is configurable as
ISDN line or ISDN phone. When the user configures ISDN S0 2 as ISDN phone in VoIP>>
Phone Settings, the orange LED will light on to indicate ISDN2-S0 mode is selected. And
by using ISDN phone adapters (coming from the router package), the user can connect
several phones (the maximum is six) to Vigor2930VS for communication. Refer to the
following figure for reference.
However, if the user configures ISDN S0 2 as ISDN line in VoIP>> Phone Settings, the
green LED will light on to indicate ISDN2-TE mode is selected. Then, the port is specified
for ISDN line only. Refer to the following figure for reference.
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2
Configuring Basic Settings
For use the router properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
This chapter explains how to setup a password for an administrator and how to adjust basic
settings for accessing Internet successfully. Be aware that only the administrator can change
the router configuration.
2.1 Changing Password
To change the password for this device, you have to access into the web browse with default
password first.
1.
Make sure your computer connects to the router correctly.
Notice: You may either simply set up your computer to get IP
dynamically from the router or set up the IP address of the computer to be
the same subnet as the default IP address of Vigor router 192.168.1.1.
For the detailed information, please refer to the later section - Trouble
Shooting of this guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password. Please type default values (both username and
password are Null) on the window for the first time accessing and click OK for next
screen.
3.
Now, the Main Screen will pop up.
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Note: The home page will change slightly in accordance with the router you have.
16
4.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
5.
Enter the login password (the default is blank) on the field of Old Password. Type a
new one in the field of New Password and retype it on the field of Retype New
Password. Then click OK to continue.
6.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web Configurator for this router.
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2.2 Quick Start Wizard
If your router can be under an environment with high speed NAT, the configuration provide
here can help you to deploy and use the router quickly. The first screen of Quick Start
Wizard is entering login password. After typing the password, please click Next.
On the next page as shown below, please select the WAN interface that you use. Choose
Auto negotiation as the physical type for your router. Then click Next for next step.
On the next page as shown below, please select the appropriate Internet access type
according to the information from your ISP. For example, you should select PPPoE mode if
the ISP provides you PPPoE interface. Then click Next for next step.
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In the Quick Start Wizard, you can configure the router to access the Internet with different
protocol/modes such as PPPoE, PPTP, Static IP or DHCP. The router supports the DSL
WAN interface for Internet access.
2.2.1 PPPoE
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE
connection for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information
about user name, password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this router. The
following page will be shown:
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP.
Confirm Password
Retype the password.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
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Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.2 PPTP
Click PPTP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.3 Static IP
Click Static IP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.2.4 DHCP
Click DHCP as the protocol. Type in all the information that your ISP provides for this
protocol.
After finishing the settings in this page, click Next to see the following page.
Click Finish. A page of Quick Start Wizard Setup OK!!! will appear. Then, the system
status of this protocol will be shown.
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2.3 Online Status
The online status shows the system status, WAN status, ADSL Information and other status
related to this router within one page. If you select PPPoE/PPTP as the protocol, you will
find out a link of Dial PPPoE/PPPoA or Drop PPPoE/PPPoA in the Online Status web
page.
Online status for PPPoE
Online status for PPTP (for WAN2)
Online status for Static IP (for WAN1)
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Online status for DHCP
Detailed explanation is shown below:
Primary DNS
Displays the IP address of the primary DNS.
Secondary DNS
Displays the IP address of the secondary DNS.
LAN Status
IP Address
Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the LAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the LAN interface.
WAN1/2 Status
Line
Displays the physical connection (Ethernet) of this interface.
Name
Displays the name set in WAN1/WAN web page.
Mode
Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time
Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP
Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP
Displays the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets
Displays the total transmitted packets at the WAN interface.
TX Rate
Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the WAN interface.
RX Packets
Displays the total number of received packets at the WAN
interface.
RX Rate
Displays the speed of received octets at the WAN interface.
ISDN Status
Channel Active Conn. Displays the active connection status for each channel.
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TX Pkts
Displays the total transmitted packets at the ISDN interface.
TX Rate
Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the ISDN interface.
RX Pkts
Displays the total number of received packets at the ISDN
interface.
RX Rate
Displays the speed of received octets at the ISDN interface.
Up Time
Displays the total uptime of the interface.
AOC
Displays the charge information of the interface.
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Dial ISDN
Allows you to dial ISDN connection.
Drop B1/B2
Allows you to drop B1 or B2 connection.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface
(WAN1/WAN2) is ready for accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN
connection of that interface (WAN1/WAN2) is not ready for accessing Internet.
2.4 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find
messages showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
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3
Advanced Web Configuration
After finished basic configuration of the router, you can access Internet with ease. For the
people who want to adjust more setting for suiting his/her request, please refer to this chapter
for getting detailed information about the advanced configuration of this router. As for other
examples of application, please refer to chapter 4.
3.1 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group and click the Internet Access link.
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under
the management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the
NIC has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with
significant ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service
according to user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask
for a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated
via PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server,
and other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
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Below shows the menu items for Internet Access.
3.1.2 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet and explain the connection
modes for WAN1 and WAN2 in details.
This router supports dual WAN function. It allows users to access Internet and combine the
bandwidth of the dual WAN to speed up the transmission through the network. Each WAN
port can connect to different ISPs, Even if the ISPs use different technology to provide
telecommunication service (such as DSL, Cable modem, etc.). If any connection problem
occurred on one of the ISP connections, all the traffic will be guided and switched to the
normal communication port for proper operation. Please configure WAN1 and WAN2
settings.
This webpage allows you to set general setup for WAN1 and WAN respectively.
Note: In default, WAN1 and WAN2 are enabled.
28
Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for the WAN1/WAN2 interface.
Physical Mode
For WAN1, the physical connection is done through ADSL
port; yet the physical connection for WAN2 is done through
an Ethernet port (P1). You cannot change it.
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Physical Type
You can change the physical type for WAN2 or choose Auto
negotiation for determined by the system.
Load Balance Mode
If you know the practical bandwidth for your WAN interface,
please choose the setting of According to Line Speed.
Otherwise, please choose Auto Weigh to let the router reach
the best load balance.
Line Speed
If your choose According to Line Speed as the Load
Balance Mode, please type the line speed for downloading
and uploading through WAN1/WAN2. The unit is kbps.
Active Mode
Choose Always On to make the WAN connection
(WAN1/WAN2) being activated always; or choose Active on
demand to make the WAN connection (WAN1/WAN2)
activated if it is necessary.
If you choose Active on demand, the Idle Timeout will be
available for you to set for PPPoE and PPTP access modes in
the Details Page of WAN>>Internet Access. In addition,
there are three selections for you to choose for different
purposes.
WAN2 Fail – It means the connection for WAN1 will be
activated when WAN2 is failed.
WAN2 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN2 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN1 will be activated when WAN2
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
WAN1 Fail – It means the connection for WAN2 will be
activated when WAN1 is failed.
WAN1 Upload speed exceed XX kbps – It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1 Upload
speed exceed certain value that you set in this box for 15
seconds.
WAN1 Download speed exceed XX kbps– It means the
connection for WAN2 will be activated when WAN1
Download speed exceed certain value that you set in this box
for 15 seconds.
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3.1.3 Internet Access
For the router supports dual WAN function, the users can set different WAN settings (for
WAN1/WAN2) for Internet Access. Due to different physical mode for WAN1 and WAN2,
the Access Mode for these two connections also varies slightly.
Index
It shows the WAN modes that this router supports. WAN1 is the
default WAN interface for accessing into the Internet. WAN2 is
the optional WAN interface for accessing into the Internet when
WAN 1 is inactive for some reason.
Display Name
It shows the name of the WAN1/WAN2 that entered in general
setup.
Physical Mode
It shows the physical port for WAN1/WAN2.
Access Mode
Use the drop down list to choose a proper access mode. The details
page of that mode will be popped up. If not, click Details Page for
accessing the page to configure the settings.
There are three access modes provided for PPPoE, Static or
Dynamic IP and PPTP.
Details Page
30
This button will open different web page according to the access
mode that you choose in WAN1 or WAN2.
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Details Page for PPPoE
To use PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Internet Access from
WAN menu. Then, select PPPoE mode for WAN2. The following web page will be shown.
PPPoE Client Mode
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable, this
function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted in this
page will be invalid.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your ISP. If
you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can check Always
On.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously
in Application – Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click ISDN > Dialing to
a Single ISP to create the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
This setting is available for i model only.
WAN Connection
Detection
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Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
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to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
PPP/MP Setup
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for
PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet
after passing through the time without any action. This setting is
active only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment Method
(IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time you
connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides service
to always assign you the same IP address whenever you request.
In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the Fixed IP field.
Please contact your ISP before you want to use this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC Address or
specify another MAC address by typing on the boxes of MAC
Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the router
manually.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for Static or Dynamic IP
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
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Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP
address to the WAN interface.
To use Static or Dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose
Internet Access from WAN menu. Then, select Static or Dynamic IP mode for WAN2.
The following web page will be shown.
Static or Dynamic IP
(DHCP Client)
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you adjusted
in this page will be invalid.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click Internet Access
Setup > Dialing to a Single ISP to enter the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
This setting is available for i model only.
Keep WAN
Connection
Normally, this function is designed for Dynamic IP environments
because some ISPs will drop connections if there is no traffic
within certain periods of time. Check Enable PING to keep alive
box to activate this function.
PING to the IP - If you enable the PING function, please specify
the IP address for the system to PING it for keeping alive.
PING Interval - Enter the interval for the system to execute the
PING operation.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP (RFC1058)
specifying how routers exchange routing tables information. Click
Enable RIP for activating this function.
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WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network connection is
alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you have
to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically and
allows you type in IP address manually.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically if you want to use Dynamic IP mode.
Router Name: Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Domain Name: Type in the domain name that you have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some
data if you want to use Static IP mode.
IP Address: Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask: Type the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address: Type the gateway IP address.
Default MAC Address : Click this radio button to use default MAC
address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address: Some Cable service providers specify a
specific MAC address for access authentication. In such cases you
need to click the Specify a MAC Address and enter the MAC
address in the MAC Address field.
DNS Server IP
Address
34
Type in the primary IP address for the router if you want to use
Static IP mode. If necessary, type in secondary IP address for
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necessity in the future.
Details Page for PPTP
To use PPTP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please choose Internet Access from
WAN menu. Then, select PPTP mode for WAN2. The following web page will be shown.
PPTP Setup
PPTP Link - Click Enable to enable a PPTP client to establish a
tunnel to a DSL modem on the WAN interface.
PPTP Server - Specify the IP address of the PPTP server.
ISP Access Setup
Username -Type in the username provided by ISP in this field.
Password -Type in the password provided by ISP in this field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time
schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set previously
in Application – Schedule web page and you can use the number
that you have set in that web page.
ISDN Dial Backup
Setup
This setting is available for the routers supporting ISDN function
only. Before utilizing the ISDN dial backup feature, you must
create a dial backup profile first. Please click Internet Access
Setup > Dialing to a Single ISP to enter the backup profile.
None - Disable the backup function.
Packet Trigger -The backup line is not on until a packet from a
local host triggers the router to establish a connection.
This setting is available for i model only.
PPP Setup
PPP Authentication - Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Idle Timeout - Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet after
passing through the time without any action. This setting is active
only when the Active on demand option for Active Mode is
selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address
Assignment
Method(IPCP)
Fixed IP - Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you
each time you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP address
in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP before you want to
use this function. Click Yes to use this function and type in a
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fixed IP address in the box.
Fixed IP Address -Type a fixed IP address.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use WAN
IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other than the
current one you are using. Notice that this setting is available for
WAN1 only.
Default MAC Address – Click this radio button to use default
MAC address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address - Some Cable service providers specify a
specific MAC address for access authentication. In such cases you
need to click the Specify a MAC Address and enter the MAC
address in the MAC Address field.
WAN IP Network
Settings
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to obtain
the IP address automatically.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify some
data.
IP Address – Type the IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type the subnet mask.
3.1.4 Load-Balance Policy
This router supports the function of load balancing. It can assign traffic with protocol type,
IP address for specific host, a subnet of hosts, and port range to be allocated in WAN1 or
WAN2 interface. The user can assign traffic category and force it to go to dedicate network
interface based on the following web page setup. Twenty policies of load-balance are
supported by this router.
Note: Load-Balance Policy is running only when both WAN1 and WAN2 are activated.
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Index
Click the number of index to access into the load-balance policy
configuration web page.
Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to change the protocol for the WAN
interface.
WAN
Use the drop-down menu to change the WAN interface.
Src IP Start
Display the IP address for the start of the source IP.
Src IP End
Display the IP address for the end of the source IP.
Dest IP Start
Display the IP address for the start of the destination IP.
Dest IP End
Display the IP address for the end of the destination IP.
Dest Port Start
Display the IP address for the start of the destination port.
Dest Port End
Display the IP address for the end of the destination port.
Click Index 1 to access into the following page for configuring load-balance policy.
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38
Enable
Check this box to enable this policy.
Protocol
Use the drop-down menu to choose a proper protocol for the WAN
interface.
Binding WAN
interface
Choose the WAN interface (WAN1 or WAN2) for binding.
Src IP Start
Type the source IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Src IP End
Type the source IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this
field is blank, it means that all the source IPs inside the LAN will
be passed through the WAN interface.
Dest IP Start
Type the destination IP start for the specified WAN interface.
Dest IP End
Type the destination IP end for the specified WAN interface. If this
field is blank, it means that all the destination IPs will be passed
through the WAN interface.
Dest Port Start
Type the destination port start for the destination IP.
Dest Port End
Type the destination port end for the destination IP. If this field is
blank, it means that all the destination ports will be passed through
the WAN interface.
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3.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by router. The design
of network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
3.2.1 Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using
public IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is
to translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right
packets to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that
assigns private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly
understanding.
In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor
router will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other
public hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public
hosts.
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What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way
for connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set
rules to forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the
presence of RIP.
What are Virtual LANs and Rate Control
You can group local hosts by physical ports and create up to 4 virtual LANs. To manage the
communication between different groups, please set up rules in Virtual LAN (VLAN)
function and the rate of each.
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3.2.2 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN.
Click LAN to open the LAN settings page and choose General Setup.
1st IP Address
Type in private IP address for connecting to a local private network
(Default: 192.168.1.1).
1st Subnet Mask
Type in an address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
For IP Routing Usage
Click Enable to invoke this function. The default setting is
Disable.
2nd IP Address
Type in secondary IP address for connecting to a subnet.
(Default: 192.168.2.1/ 24)
2nd Subnet Mask
An address code that determines the size of the network.
(Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
2nd DHCP Server
You can configure the router to serve as a DHCP server for the 2nd
subnet.
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Start IP Address: Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 2nd IP
address of your router is 220.135.240.1, the starting IP address
must be 220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than
220.135.240.254.
IP Pool Counts: Enter the number of IP addresses in the pool. The
maximum is 10. For example, if you type 3 and the 2nd IP address
of your router is 220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the
DHCP server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address of the host one by one
and click Add to create a list of hosts to be assigned, deleted or
edited IP address from above pool. Set a list of MAC Address for
2nd DHCP server will help router to assign the correct IP address of
the correct subnet to the correct host. So those hosts in 2nd subnet
won’t get an IP address belonging to 1st subnet.
RIP Protocol Control
Disable deactivates the RIP protocol. It will lead to a stoppage of
the exchange of routing information between routers. (Default)
1st Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of the
1st subnet with neighboring routers.
2nd Subnet - Select the router to change the RIP information of
the 2nd subnet with neighboring routers.
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. The
router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your network so
it automatically dispatch related IP settings to any local user
configured as a DHCP client. It is highly recommended that you
leave the router enabled as a DHCP server if you do not have a
DHCP server for your network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network other than
the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help you to redirect the
DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the router assign IP address to every host in
the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to every host
in the LAN.
Relay Agent – (1st subnet/2nd subnet) Specify which subnet that
DHCP server is located the relay agent should redirect the DHCP
request to.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for the
DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If the 1st IP
address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting IP address must
be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than 192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that you
want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The default is 50
and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP address for
the DHCP server. The value is usually as same as the 1st IP address
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of the router, which means the router is the default gateway.
DHCP Server IP Address for Relay Agent - Set the IP address of
the DHCP server you are going to use so the Relay Agent can help
to forward the DHCP request to the DHCP server.
DNS Server
Configuration
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host must
have a unique IP address, also they may have a human-friendly,
easy to remember name such as www.yahoo.com. The DNS
server converts the user-friendly name into its equivalent IP
address.
Force DNS manual setting - Force Vigor router to use DNS
servers in this page instead of DNS servers given by the Internet
Access server (PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP or DHCP server).
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP address
here because your ISP should provide you with usually more than
one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default DNS Server IP address: 194.109.6.66
to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS server IP
address here because your ISP often provides you more than one
DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it, the router will
automatically apply default secondary DNS Server IP address:
194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are left
empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local users as a
DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS cache, the
router will resolve the domain name immediately. Otherwise, the
router forwards the DNS query packet to the external DNS server
by establishing a WAN (e.g. DSL/Cable) connection.
There are two common scenarios of LAN settings that stated in Chapter 4. For the
configuration examples, please refer to that chapter to get more information for your
necessity.
3.2.3 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route.
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Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index allows you to open next page to
set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Viewing Routing Table Displays the routing table for your reference.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Router so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the router. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the router works properly:
z
use the Main Router to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Router A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Router B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Router 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Router A 192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Router A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Router.
1.
44
Go to LAN page and click General Setup, select 1st Subnet as the RIP Protocol
Control. Then click the OK button.
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Note: There are two reasons that we have to apply RIP Protocol Control on 1st
Subnet. The first is that the LAN interface can exchange RIP packets with the
neighboring routers via the 1st subnet (192.168.1.0/24). The second is that those
hosts on the internal private subnets (ex. 192.168.10.0/24) can access the Internet
via the router, and continuously exchange of IP routing information with different
subnets.
2.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click on the Index Number 1. Check the Enable
box. Please add a static route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to
192.168.10.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
3.
Return to Static Route Setup page. Click on another Index Number to add another
static route as show below, which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
4.
Go to Diagnostics and choose Routing Table to verify current routing table.
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3.2.4 VLAN
Virtual LAN function provides you a very convenient way to manage hosts by grouping
them based on the physical port. You can also manage the in/out rate of each port. Go to
LAN page and select VLAN. The following page will appear. Click Enable to invoke
VLAN function.
To add or remove a VLAN, please refer to the following example.
1.
46
If, VLAN 0 is consisted of hosts linked to P1 and P2 and VLAN 1 is consisted of hosts
linked to P3 and P4.
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2.
After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as shown below.
To remove VLAN, uncheck the needed box and click OK to save the results.
3.2.5 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthen control in
network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address binding
together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it might cause
you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However, IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect to Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the settings on
this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the IP/MAC
which is not listed in IP Bind List.
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ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this router. The information
for IP and MAC will be displayed in this field. Each pair of IP
and MAC address listed in ARP table can be selected and added
to IP Bind List by clicking Add below.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to bind with
the assigned IP address.
Refresh
It is used to refresh the ARP table. When there is one new PC
added to the LAN, you can click this link to obtain the newly
ARP table information.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table or
the IP/MAC address typed in Add and Edit to the table of IP
Bind List.
Edit
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and MAC
address that you create before.
Remove
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply click
and select the one, and click Remove. The selected item will be
removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one
PC. If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web configurator of the router
might not be accessed.
3.3 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry
in a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server
response, the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the
router will do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate
with external host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be
aware of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we use
the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one
or more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words,
the NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
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Below shows the menu items for NAT.
3.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of
the router, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection function
is to forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the mapping
private IP address/port of the server.
The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The
Port Redirection Table provides 20 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
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Press any number under Index to access into next page for configuring port redirection.
50
Enable
Check this box to enable such port redirection setting.
Mode
Two options (Single and Range) are provided here for you to
choose. To set a range for the specific service, select Range. In
Range mode, if the public port (start port and end port) and the
starting IP of private IP had been entered, the system will calculate
and display the ending IP of private IP automatically.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
WAN IP
Select the WAN IP used for port redirection. There are eight WAN
IP alias that can be selected and used for port redirection. The
default setting is All which means all the incoming data from any
port will be redirected to specified range of IP address and port.
Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified Private IP
and Port of the internal host. If you choose Range as the port
redirection mode, you will see two boxes on this field. Simply type
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the required number on the first box. The second one will be
assigned automatically later.
Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing the
service. If you choose Range as the port redirection mode, you will
see two boxes on this field. Type a complete IP address in the first
box (as the starting point) and the fourth digits in the second box
(as the end point).
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by the
internal host.
Note that the router has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP etc.
Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may need to
reset the router in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in web configurator in the router is with default port 80, which may
conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you need
to change the router’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid
conflict, such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup.
You then will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
3.3.2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
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The inherent security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host.
We suggest you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
If you previously have set up WAN Alias in Internet Access>>PPPoE/PPPoA or Internet
Access>>MPoA, you will find them in Aux. WAN IP list for your selection.
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Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose PC
to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop up, as
depicted below. The window consists of a list of private IP
addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one private IP
address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog, the
IP address will be shown on the following screen. Click OK to
save the setting.
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3.3.3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you want to
offer service in a local host. You should click the appropriate index
number to edit or clear the corresponding entry.
Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN interface for the entry.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to represent
the Inactive or Active state.
To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
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Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
WAN Interface
Specify the WAN interface that will be used for this entry.
Local Computer
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click Choose PC to
select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and, subsequently, a window having a list of
private IP addresses of local hosts will automatically pop up. Select
the appropriate IP address of the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP, or ----(none) for selection.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by the local
host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by the local
host.
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3.4 Objects Settings
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
router’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
Besides, you can define object profiles for different policy of IM (Instant Messenger)/P2P
(Peer to Peer)/Misc application.
3.4.1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose a proper interface (WAN, LAN or Any).
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will
ask you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP
address. If you choose LAN as the Interface here, and choose
LAN as the direction setting in Edit Filter Rule, then all the
IP addresses specified with LAN interface will be opened for
you to choose in Edit Filter Rule page.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IP address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IP address
only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPs
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet for
IP address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IP address.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is selected.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
Below is an example of IP objects settings.
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3.4.2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface chosen
above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
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3.4.3 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Name
Type a name for this profile.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination Port
Source Port and the Destination Port column are available
for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other protocols.
The filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this profile.
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(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
all the ports except the port defined here; when the first
and last values are different, it indicates that all the ports
except the range defined here are available for this service
type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Below is an example of service type objects settings.
3.4.4 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Name
Type a name for this profile.
Available Service Type
Objects
You can add IP objects from IP Objects page. All the
available IP objects will be shown in this box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
3.4.5 CSM-IM Object
You can define policy profiles for IM (Instant Messenger) application. The object profile(s)
configured here will be seen and adopted in CSM>>IM/P2P Profile page.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile.
Check for Disallow
Check the items that disallow to use. Any device that uses
such profile might not be allowed to access into the forbidden
items.
3.4.6 CSM-P2P Object
You can define policy profiles for P2P (Point-to-Point) application. The object profile(s)
configured here will be seen and adopted in CSM>>IM/P2P Profile page.
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Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile.
Check for Disallow
Check the items that disallow to use. Any device that uses
such profile might not be allowed to access into the forbidden
items.
In the above figure, BitTorrent protocol is disallowed if you apply such object profile as
filtering rule (setting in Firewall).
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3.4.7 CSM-Misc Object
You can define policy profiles for Misc application. The object profile(s) configured here
will be seen and adopted in CSM>>IM/P2P Profile page.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
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Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile.
Check for Disallow
Check the items that disallow to use. Any device that uses
such profile might not be allowed to access into the forbidden
items.
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3.5 CSM
CSM stands for Content Security Management. As the popularity of all kinds of instant
messenger application arises, communication cannot become much easier. Nevertheless,
while some industry may leverage this as a great tool to connect with their customers, some
industry may take reserve attitude in order to reduce employee misusage during office hour
or prevent unknown security leak. It is similar situation for corporation towards peer-to-peer
applications since file-sharing can be convenient but insecure at the same time. To address
these needs, we provide CSM functionality.
3.5.1 IM/P2P Profile
IM/P2P Profile page can integrate objects profiles configured in Objects
Setting>>CSM-IM Object/CSM-P2P Object/CSM-Misc Object into single IM/P2P
profile.
Profile Name
Type a name for the IM/P2P profile.
Later, in the Firewall>>General Setup and Firewall>>Edit Filter Set>>Edit Filter Rule
pages, you can use IM/P2P drop down list to choose the proper CSM-IM profile as the
standard for the host(s) to follow. See the following example.
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3.5.2 URL Content Filter Profile
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk
who won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide
a job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can
URL Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it
checks the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while
legacy firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable
objects, such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once
downloading these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system.
For example, an ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature.
If malicious code hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
Based on the list of user defined keywords, the URL Content Filter facility in Vigor router
inspects the URL string in every outgoing HTTP request. No matter the URL string is found
full or partial matched with a keyword, the Vigor router will block the associated HTTP
connection.
For example, if you add key words such as “sex”, Vigor router will limit web access to web
sites or web pages such as “www.sex.com”, ”www.backdoor.net/images/sex/p_386.html”.
Or you may simply specify the full or partial URL such as “www.sex.com” or “sex.com”.
Also the Vigor router will discard any request that tries to retrieve the malicious code.
Click CSM and click URL Content Filter Profile to open the setup page.
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Enable URL Access
Control
Check the box to activate URL Access Control.
Black List (block those Click this button to restrict accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
matching keyword)
White List (pass those Click this button to allow accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
matching keyword)
Keyword
The Vigor router provides 8 frames for users to define keywords
and each frame supports multiple keywords. The keyword could be
a noun, a partial noun, or a complete URL string. Multiple
keywords within a frame are separated by space, comma, or
semicolon. In addition, the maximal length of each frame is
32-character long. After specifying keywords, the Vigor router will
decline the connection request to the website whose URL string
matched to any user-defined keyword. It should be noticed that the
more simplified the blocking keyword list, the more efficiently the
Vigor router perform.
Prevent web access
from IP address
Check the box to deny any web surfing activity using IP address,
such as http://202.6.3.2. The reason for this is to prevent someone
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dodges the URL Access Control.
You must clear your browser cache first so that the URL content
filtering facility operates properly on a web page that you visited
before.
Enable Restrict Web
Feature
Check the box to activate the function.
Java - Check the checkbox to activate the Block Java object
function. The Vigor router will discard the Java objects from the
Internet.
ActiveX - Check the box to activate the Block ActiveX object
function. Any ActiveX object from the Internet will be refused.
Compressed file - Check the box to activate the Block Compressed
file function to prevent someone from downloading any
compressed file. The following list shows the types of compressed
files that can be blocked by the Vigor router. .
zip, rar, .arj, .ace, .cab, .sit
Executable file - Check the box to reject any downloading
behavior of the executable file from the Internet.
.exe, .com, .scr, .pif, .bas, .bat, .inf, .reg
Cookie - Check the box to filter out the cookie transmission from
inside to outside world to protect the local user's privacy.
Proxy - Check the box to reject any proxy transmission. To control
efficiently the limited-bandwidth usage, it will be of great value to
provide the blocking mechanism that filters out the multimedia
files downloading from web pages. Accordingly, files with the
following extensions will be blocked by the Vigor router.
.mov
.mp3
.rm
.ra
.au
.wmv
.wav
.asf
.mpg
.mpeg .avi
.ram
Enable Excepting
Subnets
Four entries are available for users to specify some specific IP
addresses or subnets so that they can be free from the URL Access
Control. To enable an entry, click on the empty checkbox, named
as ACT, in front of the appropriate entry.
Time Schedule
Specify what time should perform the URL content filtering
facility.
3.5.3 Web Content Filter Profile
We all know that the content on the Internet just like other types of media may be
inappropriate sometimes. As a responsible parent or employer, you should protect those in
your trust against the hazards. With Web filtering service of the Vigor router, you can protect
your business from common primary threats, such as productivity, legal liability, network and
security threats. For parents, you can protect your children from viewing adult websites or
chat rooms.
Once you have activated your Web Filtering service in Vigor router and chosen the categories
of website you wish to restrict, each URL address requested (e.g.www.bbc.co.uk) will be
checked against our server database, powered by SurfControl. The database covering over 70
languages and 200 countries, over 1 billion Web pages divided into 40 easy-to-understand
categories. This database is updated as frequent as daily by a global team of Internet
researchers. The server will look up the URL and return a category to your router. Your Vigor
router will then decide whether to allow access to this site according to the categories you have
selected. Please note that this action will not introduce any delay in your Web surfing because
each of multiple load balanced database servers can handle millions of requests for
categorization.
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Click CSM and click Web Content Filter to open the setup page.
For this section, please refer to Web Content Filter user’s guide.
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3.6 Firewall
3.6.1 Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the router to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
The most basic security concept is to set user name and password while you install your
router. The administrator login will prevent unauthorized access to the router configuration
from your router.
If you did not set password during installation; you can go to System Maintenance to set up
your password.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall
facilities:
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z
User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).
z
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data
z
Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
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IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter
and Data Filter.
z
Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter
rules. If legal, the packet will pass. Then the router shall “initiate a call” to build the
Internet connection and send the packet to Internet.
z
Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the router.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how router will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header,
stateful inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all interfaces
of the firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor router not just
examine the header information also monitor the state of the connection.
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Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based
on the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze
the host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as
warning, if you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router
will activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. TCP Flag scan
5. Trace route
6. IP options
7. Unknown protocol
8. Land attack
9. Smurf attack
10. SYN fragment
11. ICMP fragment
12. Tear drop attack
13. Fraggle attack
14. Ping of Death attack
15. TCP/UDP port scan
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
3.6.2 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you
can configure the Log Flag settings, Apply IP filter to VPN incoming packets, and Accept
incoming fragmented UDP packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
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Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a start
filter set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a start
filter set for the Data Filter.
Action/Profile
Select Pass or Block for the packets that do not match with the
filter rules.
Log
For troubleshooting needs you can specify the filter log and/or CSM
log here by checking the box. The log will be displayed on Draytek
Syslog window.
IM/P2P
Select an IM/P2P profile for global IM/P2P application blocking.
All the hosts in LAN must follow the standard configured in the
selected profile selected here. For detailed information, refer to
the section of CSM profile setup.
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots of fragmented UDP packets to
transfer game data. Instinctively as a secure firewall, Vigor router will reject these
fragmented packets to prevent attack unless you enable “Accept Incoming Fragmented
UDP Packets”. By checking this box, you can play these kinds of on-line games. If security
concern is in higher priority, you cannot enable “Accept Incoming Fragmented UDP
Packets”.
3.6.3 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
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To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click the
button will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the detailed
information, refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the current
filter run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
Check to enable the
Filter Rule
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Check this box to enable the filter rule.
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Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is 14character long.
Index(1-15)
Set PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You may
choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules pre-defined in
Applications >> Schedule setup. The default setting of this filed is
blank and the function will always work.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow (LAN->WAN/WAN->LAN). It is
for Data Filter only. For the Call Filter, this setting is not
available since Call Filter is only applied to outgoing traffic.
Source/Destination IP Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
source/destination IP or IP ranges.
To set the IP address manually, please choose Any Address/Single
Address/Range Address/Subnet Address as the Address Type
and type them in this dialog. In addition, if you want to use the IP
range from defined groups or objects, please choose Group and
Objects as the Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you want
to apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to choose the object
that you want.
Service Type
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Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a suitable
service type.
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To set the service type manually, please choose User defined as
the Service Type and type them in this dialog. In addition, if you
want to use the service type from defined groups or objects, please
choose Group and Objects as the Service Type.
Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will apply to.
Source/Destination Port (=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates one
port; when the first and last values are different, it indicates a range
for the port and available for this service type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates all
the ports except the port defined here; when the first and last
values are different, it indicates that all the ports except the range
defined here are available for this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for this
profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose the one
that you want.
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Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for Data
Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short to
contain a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be dropped
immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be passed
immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule, and that
does not match further rules, will be passed through.
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Branch to other Filter If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will branch
to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to branch from the
Set
drop-down menu. Be aware that the router will apply the
specified filter rule for ever and will not return to previous filter
rule any more.
IM/P2P
All the packets/connections within the range configured in the
above conditions must follow the standard configured in the
IM/P2P profile selected here. For detailed information, refer to
the section of IM/P2P profile setup.
SysLog
For troubleshooting needs you can specify the filter log and/or CSM
log here. Check the corresponding box to enable the log function.
Then, the filter log and/or CSM log will be shown on Draytek
Syslog window.
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Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even
link them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be
further defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one
set for data filter to execute first.
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3.6.4 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Enable SYN flood
defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from the Internet
has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start to
randomly discard the subsequent TCP SYN packets for a period
defined in Timeout. The goal for this is prevent the TCP SYN
packets’ attempt to exhaust the limited-resource of Vigor router.
By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 50 packets
per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable UDP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function. Once
detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the Internet has
exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router will start to randomly
discard the subsequent UDP packets for a period defined in
Timeout. The default setting for threshold and timeout are 150
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable ICMP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function. Similar
to the UDP flood defense function, once if the Threshold of ICMP
packets from Internet has exceeded the defined value, the router
will discard the ICMP echo requests coming from the Internet. The
default setting for threshold and timeout are 50 packets per second
and 10 seconds, respectively.
Enable PortScan
detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor router by sending lots of packets to
many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services would respond.
Check the box to activate the Port Scan detection. Whenever
detecting this malicious exploration behavior by monitoring the
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port-scanning Threshold rate, the Vigor router will send out a
warning. By default, the Vigor router sets the threshold as 150
packets per second.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function. The Vigor
router will ignore any IP packets with IP option field in the
datagram header. The reason for limitation is IP option appears to
be a vulnerability of the security for the LAN because it will carry
significant information, such as security, TCC (closed user group)
parameters, a series of Internet addresses, routing messages...etc.
An eavesdropper outside might learn the details of your private
networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the Land
attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack technology with
IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an attacker sends spoofed
SYN packets with the identical source and destination addresses, as
well as the port number to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The Vigor
router will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo request.
Block trace router
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router not to forward any trace
route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function. The
Vigor router will drop any packets having SYN flag and more
fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function. Any
broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might block some
legal packets. For example, when you activate the fraggle attack
defense, all broadcast UDP packets coming from the Internet are
blocked. Therefore, the RIP packets from the Internet might be
dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function. Any
TCP packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those scanning
activities include no flag scan, FIN without ACK scan, SYN FINscan,
Xmas scan and full Xmas scan.
Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function. Many
machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams (packets) that
exceed the maximum length. To avoid this type of attack, the Vigor
router is designed to be capable of discarding any fragmented ICMP
packets with a length greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function. This
attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping packets to the
target hosts so that those target hosts will hang once they
re-construct the packets. The Vigor routers will block any packets
realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment function. Any
ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are dropped.
Block Unknown
Protocol
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Check the box to activate the Block Unknown Protocol function.
Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the datagram header to
indicate the protocol type running over the upper layer. However,
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the protocol types greater than 100 are reserved and undefined at
this time. Therefore, the router should have ability to detect and
reject this kind of packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message from Vigor
router. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall receive the report sending
from Vigor router which is a Syslog Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS Defense will be sent to
user and user can review it through Syslog daemon. Look for the
keyword DoS in the message, followed by a name to indicate what
kind of attacks is detected.
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3.7 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
3.7.1 Sessions Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer)
applications (e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will
occupy over resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the
problem, you can use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session
limit.
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Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit session.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit session.
Default session limit
Defines the default session number used for each computer in
LAN.
Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Defines the start IP address for limit session.
End IP
Defines the end IP address for limit session.
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Maximum Sessions
Defines the available session number for each host in the
specific range of IP addresses. If you do not set the session
number in this field, the system will use the default session
limit for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Adds the specific session limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you have
set in that web page.
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3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large
of bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to
make the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default upstream
and downstream limit.
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Enable
Click this button to activate the function of limit bandwidth.
Disable
Click this button to close the function of limit bandwidth.
Default TX limit
Define the default speed of the upstream for each computer in
LAN.
Default RX limit
Define the default speed of the downstream for each computer
in LAN.
Allow auto adjustment to
make the best utilization
of available bandwidth
Router will detect if there is enough bandwidth remained for
using according to the bandwidth limit set by the user. If yes,
the router will adjust the available bandwidth for users to
enhance the total utilization.
Limitation List
Display a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Start IP
Define the start IP address for limit bandwidth.
End IP
Define the end IP address for limit bandwidth.
Each/Shared
Select Each to make each IP within the range of Start IP and
End IP having the same speed defined in TX limit and RX
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limit fields; select Shared to make all the IPs within the range
of Start IP and End IP share the same speed defined in TX
limit and RX limit fields.
TX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the upstream. If you do
not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
RX limit
Define the limitation for the speed of the downstream. If you
do not set the limit in this field, the system will use the default
speed for the specific limitation you set for each index.
Add
Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit
Allows you to edit the settings for the selected limitation.
Delete
Remove the selected settings existing on the limitation list.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application –
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you
have set in that web page.
3.7.3 Quality of Service
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive
the service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is
indeed one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase
their transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start.
If other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in
the overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay
or jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of
interconnected circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can
be throttled back to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets
should be discarded (or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of
sensitive applications mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect
application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:
z
Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.
z
Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain
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owners to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each
DS node in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called
per-hop-behavior (PHB). The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF),
Assured Forwarding (AF), and Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or
forwarding) classes and three levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Quality of Service to open the web page.
This page displays the QoS settings result of the WAN interface. Click the Setup link to
access into next page for the general setup of WAN (1/2) interface. As to class rule, simply
click the Edit link to access into next for configuration.
You can configure general setup for the WAN interface, edit the Class Rule, and edit the
Service Type for the Class Rule for your request.
General Setup for WAN Interface
When you click Setup, you can configure the bandwidth ratio for QoS of the WAN interface.
There are four queues allowed for QoS control. The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules
can be adjusted for your necessity. Yet, the last one is reserved for the packets which are not
suitable for the user-defined class rules.
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Enable the QoS Control
The factory default for this setting is checked.
Please also define which traffic the QoS Control settings will
apply to.
IN- apply to incoming traffic only.
OUT-apply to outgoing traffic only.
BOTH- apply to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
Check this box and click OK, then click Setup link again.
You will see the Online Statistics link appearing on this page.
WAN Inbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data input for WAN.
For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of downstream and
256K upstream, please set 1000kbps for this box. The default
value is 10000kbps.
WAN Outbound Bandwidth It allows you to set the connecting rate of data output for
WAN. For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of
downstream and 256K upstream, please set 256kbps for this
box. The default value is 10000kbps.
Note: The rate of outbound/inbound must be smaller than the real bandwidth to ensure
correct calculation of QoS. It is suggested to set the bandwidth value for inbound/outbound
as 80% - 85% of physical network speed provided by ISP to maximize the QoS
performance.
Reserved Bandwidth Ratio It is reserved for the group index in the form of ratio of
reserved bandwidth to upstream speed and reserved
bandwidth to downstream speed.
Enable UDP Bandwidth
Control
Check this and set the limited bandwidth ratio on the right
field. This is a protection of TCP application traffic since
UDP application traffic such as streaming video will exhaust
lots of bandwidth.
Outbound TCP ACK
Prioritize
The difference in bandwidth between download and upload
are great in ADSL2+ environment. For the download speed
might be impacted by the uploading TCP ACK, you can
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check this box to push ACK of upload faster to speed the
network traffic.
Limited_bandwidth Ratio
The ratio typed here is reserved for limited bandwidth of UDP
application.
Online Statistics
Display an online statistics for quality of service for your
reference. This link will be seen only if you click OK in
WAN1/WAN2 General Setup web page and click Setup again
(for WAN1/WAN2) on the Bandwith
Management>>Quality of Service.
Edit the Class Rule for QoS
The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules can be adjusted for your necessity. To add, edit
or delete the class rule, please click the Edit link of that one.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page. Now you can define the name
for that Class. In this case, “Test” is used as the name of Class Index #1.
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For adding a new rule, click Add to open the following page.
ACT
Check this box to invoke these settings.
Local Address
Click the Edit button to set the local IP address (on LAN) for
the rule.
Remote Address
Click the Edit button to set the remote IP address (on
LAN/WAN) for the rule.
Edit
It allows you to edit source address information.
Address Type – Determine the address type for the source
address.
For Single Address, you have to fill in Start IP address.
For Range Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
End IP address.
For Subnet Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
Subnet Mask.
DiffServ CodePoint
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All the packets of data will be divided with different levels
and will be processed according to the level type by the
system. Please assign one of the levels of the data for
processing with QoS control.
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Service Type
It determines the service type of the data for processing with
QoS control. It can also be edited. You can choose the
predefined service type from the Service Type drop down list.
Those types are predefined in factory. Simply choose the one
that you want for using by current QoS.
By the way, you can set up to 20 rules for one Class. If you want to edit an existed rule,
please select the radio button of that one and click Edit to open the rule edit page for
modification.
Edit the Service Type for Class Rule
To add a new service type, edit or delete an existed service type, please click the Edit link
under Service Type field.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page.
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For adding a new service type, click Add to open the following page.
Service Name
Type in a new service for your request.
Service Type
Choose the type (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for the new
service.
Port Configuration
Click Single or Range as the Type. If you select Range, you
have to type in the starting port number and the end porting
number on the boxes below.
Port Number – Type in the starting port number and the end
porting number here if you choose Range as the type.
By the way, you can set up to 40 service types. If you want to edit/delete an existed service
type, please select the radio button of that one and click Edit/Edit for modification.
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3.8 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different
DDNS service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services
supplied by most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org,
www.no-ip.com, www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com.
You should visit their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Enable Dynamic DNS Setup Check this box to enable DDNS function.
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Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of DDNS setup to set account(s).
WAN Interface
Display current WAN interface used for accessing
Internet.
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page
of DDNS setup.
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3.
4.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the router. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered
hostname: hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block.
The following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and
Password: test.
Enable Dynamic
DNS Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
WAN Interface
Select the WAN interface order to apply settings here.
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom, Static). If you choose
Custom, you can modify the domain that is choosen in the
Domain Name field.
Domain Name
Type in a domain name that you applied previously. Use the
drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
The Wildcard and Backup MX features are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers.
You could get more detailed information from their websites.
Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button
to disable the function and clear all accounts from the router.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear
All button to delete the account.
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3.8.2 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the router to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet
access to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set
up time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the
router’s clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built
up.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access or VPN
and Remote Access >> LAN-to-LAN settings.
To add a schedule, please click any index, say Index No. 1. The detailed settings of the call
schedule with index 1 are shown below.
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Enable Schedule Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date (yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time (hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over
idle timeout, the connection will be down and never up again
during the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should perform
the schedule.
Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force
On) from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
1.
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE
Internet connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force
Down action according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule
profiles.
3.8.3 RADIUS
Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) is a security authentication
client/server protocol that supports authentication, authorization and accounting, which is
widely used by Internet service providers. It is the most common method of authenticating
and authorizing dial-up and tunneled network users.
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The built-in RADIUS client feature enables the router to assist the remote dial-in user or a
wireless station and the RADIUS server in performing mutual authentication. It enables
centralized remote access authentication for network management.
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Enable
Check to enable RADIUS client feature
Server IP Address
Enter the IP address of RADIUS server
Destination Port
The UDP port number that the RADIUS server is using. The
default value is 1812, based on RFC 2138.
Shared Secret
The RADIUS server and client share a secret that is used to
authenticate the messages sent between them. Both sides must
be configured to use the same shared secret.
Confirm Shared Secret
Re-type the Shared Secret for confirmation.
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3.8.4 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT
routers, the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables
applications inside the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through
a router. It is more reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to
be opened. Further, the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ.
UPnP is available on Windows XP and the router provides the associated support for MSN
Messenger to allow full use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Enable UPNP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on
Router on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and
control status will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the
multimedia features of your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port
mappings or use other similar methods. The screenshots below show examples of this
facility.
The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP
address and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards
packets from the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
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The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some
network ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You
should consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
3.8.5 Wake on LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake
up a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified
PC on this web page of Wake on LAN of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
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Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the binded IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the correct
MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If you
choose Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the correct IP
address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in
Firewall>>Bind IP to MAC will be shown in this drop down
list. Choose the IP address from the drop down list that you
want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the binded PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the following
figure. The result will be shown on the box.
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3.9 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses
links across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you
can send data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that
emulates the properties of a point-to-point private link.
Below shows the menu items for VPN and Remote Access.
Note: This feature can be applied for ISDN remote dial-in or ISDN LAN-to-LAN
connection in i series models.
3.9.1 Remote Access Control
Enable the necessary VPN service as you need. If you intend to run a VPN server inside your
LAN, you should disable the VPN service of Vigor Router to allow VPN tunnel pass through,
as well as the appropriate NAT settings, such as DMZ or open port.
The Vigor router will not accept the ISDN dial-in connection if the box of Enable ISDN
Dial-in is not checked.
3.9.2 PPP General Setup
This submenu only applies to PPP-related VPN connections, such as PPTP, L2TP, L2TP
over IPSec.
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Select this option to force the router to authenticate dial-in
Dial-In PPP
Authentication PAP Only users with the PAP protocol.
PAP or CHAP
Selecting this option means the router will attempt to
authenticate dial-in users with the CHAP protocol first. If the
dial-in user does not support this protocol, it will fall back to
use the PAP protocol for authentication.
Dial-In PPP Encryption
(MPPE Optional MPPE
This option represents that the MPPE encryption method will
be optionally employed in the router for the remote dial-in
user. If the remote dial-in user does not support the MPPE
encryption algorithm, the router will transmit “no MPPE
encrypted packets”. Otherwise, the MPPE encryption scheme
will be used to encrypt the data.
Require MPPE (40/128bits) - Selecting this option will
force the router to encrypt packets by using the MPPE
encryption algorithm. In addition, the remote dial-in user will
use 40-bit to perform encryption prior to using 128-bit for
encryption. In other words, if 128-bit MPPE encryption
method is not available, then 40-bit encryption scheme will
be applied to encrypt the data.
Maximum MPPE - This option indicates that the router will
use the MPPE encryption scheme with maximum bits
(128-bit) to encrypt the data.
Mutual Authentication
(PAP)
The Mutual Authentication function is mainly used to
communicate with other routers or clients who need
bi-directional authentication in order to provide stronger
security, for example, Cisco routers. So you should enable
this function when your peer router requires mutual
authentication. You should further specify the User Name
and Password of the mutual authentication peer.
Start IP Address
Enter a start IP address for the dial-in PPP connection. You
should choose an IP address from the local private network.
For example, if the local private network is
192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0, you could choose 192.168.1.200
as the Start IP Address. But, you have to notice that the first
two IP addresses of 192.168.1.200 and 192.168.1.201 are
reserved for ISDN remote dial-in user.
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3.9.3 IPSec General Setup
In IPSec General Setup, there are two major parts of configuration.
There are two phases of IPSec.
¾
Phase 1: negotiation of IKE parameters including encryption, hash, Diffie-Hellman
parameter values, and lifetime to protect the following IKE exchange, authentication of
both peers using either a Pre-Shared Key or Digital Signature (x.509). The peer that
starts the negotiation proposes all its policies to the remote peer and then remote peer
tries to find a highest-priority match with its policies. Eventually to set up a secure
tunnel for IKE Phase 2.
¾
Phase 2: negotiation IPSec security methods including Authentication Header (AH) or
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) for the following IKE exchange and mutual
examination of the secure tunnel establishment.
There are two encapsulation methods used in IPSec, Transport and Tunnel. The Transport
mode will add the AH/ESP payload and use original IP header to encapsulate the data
payload only. It can just apply to local packet, e.g., L2TP over IPSec. The Tunnel mode will
not only add the AH/ESP payload but also use a new IP header (Tunneled IP header) to
encapsulate the whole original IP packet.
Authentication Header (AH) provides data authentication and integrity for IP packets passed
between VPN peers. This is achieved by a keyed one-way hash function to the packet to
create a message digest. This digest will be put in the AH and transmitted along with packets.
On the receiving side, the peer will perform the same one-way hash on the packet and
compare the value with the one in the AH it receives.
Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) is a security protocol that provides data
confidentiality and protection with optional authentication and replay detection service.
IKE Authentication Method This usually applies to those are remote dial-in user or node
(LAN-to-LAN) which uses dynamic IP address and
IPSec-related VPN connections such as L2TP over IPSec
and IPSec tunnel.
Pre-Shared Key -Currently only support Pre-Shared Key
authentication.
Pre-Shared Key- Specify a key for IKE authentication
Confirm Pre-Shared Key- Retype the characters to confirm
the pre-shared key.
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IPSec Security Method
Medium - Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High - Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means
payload (data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may
select encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard
(DES), Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
3.9.4 IPSec Peer Identity
To use digital certificate for peer authentication in either LAN-to-LAN connection or
Remote User Dial-In connection, here you may edit a table of peer certificate for selection.
As shown below, the router provides 100 entries of digital certificates for peer dial-in users.
Set to Factory Default
Click it to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of IPSec Peer Identity.
Name
Display the profile name of that index.
Click each index to edit one peer digital certificate. There are three security levels of digital
signature authentication: Fill each necessary field to authenticate the remote peer. The
following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Profile Name
Type in a name in this file.
Accept Any Peer ID
Click to accept any peer regardless of its identity.
Accept Subject Alternative Click to check one specific field of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field can be IP Address,
Name
Domain, or E-mail Address. The box under the Type will
appear according to the type you select and ask you to fill in
corresponding setting.
Accept Subject Name
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Click to check the specific fields of digital signature to accept
the peer with matching value. The field includes Country (C),
State (ST), Location (L), Organization (O), Organization
Unit (OU), Common Name (CN), and Email (E).
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3.9.5 Remote Dial-in User
You can manage remote access by maintaining a table of remote user profile, so that users
can be authenticated to dial-in via ISDN or build the VPN connection. You may set
parameters including specified connection peer ID, connection type (ISDN Dial-In
connection, VPN connection - including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over
IPSec) and corresponding security methods, etc.
The router provides 100 access accounts for dial-in users. Besides, you can extend the user
accounts to the RADIUS server through the built-in RADIUS client function. The following
figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting page
of Remote Dial-in User.
User
Display the username for the specific dial-in user of the
LAN-to-LAN profile. The symbol ??? represents that the
profile is empty.
Status
Display the access state of the specific dial-in user. The
symbol V and X represent the specific dial-in user to be active
and inactive, respectively.
Click each index to edit one remote user profile. Each Dial-In Type requires you to fill the
different corresponding fields on the right. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it
untouched. The following explanation will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
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Enable this account
Check the box to enable this function.
Idle Timeout- If the dial-in user is idle over the limitation of
the timer, the router will drop this connection. By default, the
Idle Timeout is set to 300 seconds.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN dial-in connection. You can further
set up Callback function below. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below. This feature
is for i model only.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN
connection through the Internet. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to make an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN
connection through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP
alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None - Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have - Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must -Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
Specify Remote Node
Check the checkbox-You can specify the IP address of the
remote dial-in user, ISDN number or peer ID (used in IKE
aggressive mode).
Uncheck the checkbox-This means the connection type you
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select above will apply the authentication methods and
security methods in the general settings.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
IKE Authentication Method This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of the
remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature (X.509)
can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with or without
specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters (1-63)
as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) – Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and Select one predefined
Profiles set in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer
Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node. Check
the Medium, DES, 3DES or AES box as the security method.
Medium -Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
invoked. You can uncheck it to disable it.
High-Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Local ID - Specify a local ID to be used for Dial-in setting in
the LAN-to-LAN Profile setup. This item is optional and can
be used only in IKE aggressive mode.
Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN dial-in user (for i model only). The remote user will be
charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Specify the callback number-The option is for extra security.
Once enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Check to enable callback budget control-By default, the
callback function has a time restriction. Once the callback
budget has been exhausted, the callback mechanism will be
disabled automatically.
Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget
for the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased
automatically per callback connection.
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3.9.6 LAN to LAN
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection
profiles. You may set parameters including specified connection direction (dial-in or
dial-out), connection peer ID, connection type (ISDN connection, VPN connection including PPTP, IPSec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over IPSec) and corresponding security
methods, etc.
The router provides up to 100 profiles, which also means supporting 100 VPN tunnels
simultaneously. The following figure shows the summary table.
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Name
Indicate the name of the LAN-to-LAN profile. The
symbol ??? represents that the profile is empty.
Status
Indicate the status of individual profiles. The symbol
V and X represent the profile to be active and
inactive, respectively.
Click each index to edit each profile and you will get the following page. Each LAN-to-LAN
profile includes 4 subgroups. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave it untouched. The
following explanations will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
For the web page is too long, we divide the page into several sections for explanation.
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Profile Name
Specify a name for the profile of the LAN-to-LAN
connection.
Enable this profile
Check here to activate this profile.
VPN Connection Through
Use the drop down menu to choose a proper WAN interface
for this profile. This setting is useful for dial-out only.
WAN1 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN1
as the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN1 fails, the
router will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN1 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN1
as the only channel for VPN connection.
WAN2 First - While connecting, the router will use WAN2
as the first channel for VPN connection. If WAN2 fails, the
router will use another WAN interface instead.
WAN2 Only - While connecting, the router will use WAN2
as the only channel for VPN connection.
Call Direction
Specify the allowed call direction of this LAN-to-LAN profile.
Both:-initiator/responder
Dial-Out- initiator only
Dial-In- responder only.
Always On or Idle Timeout Always On-Check to enable router always keep VPN
connection.
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Idle Timeout: The default value is 300 seconds. If the
connection has been idled over the value, the router will drop
the connection.
Enable PING to keep alive This function is to help the router to determine the status of
IPSec VPN connection, especially useful in the case of
abnormal VPN IPSec tunnel disruption. For details, please
refer to the note below. Check to enable the transmission of
PING packets to a specified IP address.
PING to the IP
Enter the IP address of the remote host that located at the
other-end of the VPN tunnel.
Enable PING to Keep Alive is used to handle abnormal
IPSec VPN connection disruption. It will help to provide
the state of a VPN connection for router’s judgment of
redial.
Normally, if any one of VPN peers wants to disconnect
the connection, it should follow a serial of packet
exchange procedure to inform each other. However, if the
remote peer disconnect without notice, Vigor router will
by no where to know this situation. To resolve this
dilemma, by continuously sending PING packets to the
remote host, the Vigor router can know the true existence
of this VPN connection and react accordingly. This is
independent of DPD (dead peer detection).
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ISDN
Build ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection to remote network. You
should set up Link Type and identity like User Name and
Password for the authentication of remote server. You can
further set up Callback (CBCP) function below. This feature is
useful for i model only.
PPTP
Build a PPTP VPN connection to the server through the
Internet. You should set the identity like User Name and
Password below for the authentication of remote server.
IPSec Tunnel
Build an IPSec VPN connection to the server through Internet.
L2TP with …
Build a L2TP VPN connection through the Internet. You can
select to use L2TP alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None: Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have: Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-out VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must: Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on the
L2TP connection.
User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
PPP Authentication
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. PAP/CHAP is the most
common selection due to wild compatibility.
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VJ compression
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above. VJ Compression is used
for TCP/IP protocol header compression. Normally set to Yes
to improve bandwidth utilization.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy.
Pre-Shared Key - Input 1-63 characters as pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) - Select one predefined Profiles set
in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy.
Medium
Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High (ESP-Encapsulating Security Payload)- means
payload (data) will be encrypted and authenticated. Select
from below:
DES without Authentication -Use DES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
DES with Authentication-Use DES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
3DES without Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
algorithm and not apply any authentication scheme.
3DES with Authentication-Use triple DES encryption
algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
AES without Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm
and not apply any authentication scheme.
AES with Authentication-Use AES encryption algorithm and
apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication algorithm.
Advanced
Specify mode, proposal and key life of each IKE phase,
Gateway etc.
The window of advance setup is shown as below:
IKE phase 1 mode -Select from Main mode and Aggressive
mode. The ultimate outcome is to exchange security proposals
to create a protected secure channel. Main mode is more
secure than Aggressive mode since more exchanges are done
in a secure channel to set up the IPSec session. However, the
Aggressive mode is faster. The default value in Vigor router is
Main mode.
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IKE phase 1 proposal-To propose the local available
authentication schemes and encryption algorithms to the VPN
peers, and get its feedback to find a match. Two combinations
are available for Aggressive mode and nine for Main mode.
We suggest you select the combination that covers the most
schemes.
IKE phase 2 proposal-To propose the local available
algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback to find a
match. Three combinations are available for both modes. We
suggest you select the combination that covers the most
algorithms.
IKE phase 1 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 28800 seconds.
You may specify a value in between 900 and 86400 seconds.
IKE phase 2 key lifetime-For security reason, the lifetime of
key should be defined. The default value is 3600 seconds.
You may specify a value in between 600 and 86400 seconds.
Perfect Forward Secret (PFS)-The IKE Phase 1 key will be
reused to avoid the computation complexity in phase 2. The
default value is inactive this function.
Local ID -In Aggressive mode, Local ID is on behalf of the IP
address while identity authenticating with remote VPN server.
The length of the ID is limited to 47 characters.
Callback Function
(for i models only)
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The callback function provides a callback service as a part of
PPP suite only for the ISDN dial-in user. The router owner
will be charged the connection fee by the telecom.
Require Remote to Callback-Enable this to let the router to
require the remote peer to callback for the connection
afterwards.
Provide ISDN Number to Remote-In the case that the
remote peer requires the Vigor router to callback, the local
ISDN number will be provided to the remote peer. Check
here to allow the Vigor router to send the ISDN number to
the remote router. This feature is useful for i model only.
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Allowed Dial-In Type
Determine the dial-in connection with different types.
ISDN
Allow the remote ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection. You
should set the User Name and Password of remote dial-in user
below. This feature is useful for i model only. In addition, you
can further set up Callback function below.
PPTP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a PPTP VPN
connection through the Internet. You should set the User
Name and Password of remote dial-in user below.
IPSec Tunnel
Allow the remote dial-in user to trigger an IPSec VPN
connection through Internet.
L2TP
Allow the remote dial-in user to make a L2TP VPN
connection through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP
alone or with IPSec. Select from below:
None - Do not apply the IPSec policy. Accordingly, the VPN
connection employed the L2TP without IPSec policy can be
viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
Nice to Have - Apply the IPSec policy first, if it is applicable
during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-in VPN connection
becomes one pure L2TP connection.
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Must - Specify the IPSec policy to be definitely applied on
the L2TP connection.
Specify CLID or Remote
VPN Gateway
You can specify the IP address of the remote dial-in user or
peer ID (should be the same with the ID setting in dial-in
type) by checking the box. Enter Peer ISDN number if you
select ISDN above (This feature is useful for i model only.).
Also, you should further specify the corresponding security
methods on the right side.
If you uncheck the checkbox, the connection type you select
above will apply the authentication methods and security
methods in the general settings.
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User Name
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
Password
This field is applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP
with or without IPSec policy above.
VJ Compression
VJ Compression is used for TCP/IP protocol header
compression. This field is applicable when you select ISDN,
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPSec policy above.
IKE Authentication
Method
This group of fields is applicable for IPSec Tunnels and
L2TP with IPSec Policy when you specify the IP address of
the remote node. The only exception is Digital Signature
(X.509) can be set when you select IPSec tunnel either with
or without specify the IP address of the remote node.
Pre-Shared Key - Check the box of Pre-Shared Key to
invoke this function and type in the required characters
(1-63) as the pre-shared key.
Digital Signature (X.509) –Check the box of Digital
Signature to invoke this function and select one predefined
Profiles set in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPSec Peer
Identity.
IPSec Security Method
This group of fields is a must for IPSec Tunnels and L2TP
with IPSec Policy when you specify the remote node.
Medium- Authentication Header (AH) means data will be
authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default, this option is
active.
High- Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP) means payload
(data) will be encrypted and authenticated. You may select
encryption algorithm from Data Encryption Standard (DES),
Triple DES (3DES), and AES.
Callback Function
The callback function provides a callback service only for the
ISDN LAN-to-LAN connection (this feature is useful for i
model only). The remote user will be charged the connection
fee by the telecom.
Check to enable Callback function-Enables the callback
function.
Callback number-The option is for extra security. Once
enabled, the router will ONLY call back to the specified
Callback Number.
Callback budget- By default, the callback function has
limitation of callback period. Once the callback budget is
exhausted, the function will be disabled automatically.
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Callback Budget (Unit: minutes)- Specify the time budget
for the dial-in user. The budget will be decreased
automatically per callback connection. The default value 0
means no limitation of callback period.
My WAN IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a PPP IP
address from the remote router during the IPCP negotiation
phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by remote side, specify
the fixed IP address here. Do not change the default value if
you do not select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Gateway IP
This field is only applicable when you select ISDN, PPTP or
L2TP with or without IPSec policy above. The default value is
0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will get a remote
Gateway PPP IP address from the remote router during the
IPCP negotiation phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by
remote side, specify the fixed IP address here. Do not change
the default value if you do not select ISDN, PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Network IP/
Remote Network Mask
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to this Remote
Network IP Address/Remote Network Mask through the VPN
connection. For IPSec, this is the destination clients IDs of
phase 2 quick mode.
More
Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to more Remote
Network IP Addresses/ Remote Network Mask through the
VPN connection. This is usually used when you find there are
several subnets behind the remote VPN router.
RIP Direction
The option specifies the direction of RIP (Routing Information
Protocol) packets. You can enable/disable one of direction
here. Herein, we provide four options: TX/RX Both, TX Only,
RX Only, and Disable.
From first subnet to
remote network, you
have to do
If the remote network only allows you to dial in with single
IP, please choose NAT, otherwise choose Route.
Change default route to
this VPN tunnel
Check this box to change the default route with this VPN
tunnel. Be aware that this setting is available only for one
WAN interface is enabled. It is not available when both WAN
interfaces are enabled. You have to disable one WAN
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interface (WAN 1 or WAN 2) on WAN >> General Setup
for enabling such setting.
3.9.7 Connection Management
You can find the summary table of all VPN connections. You may disconnect any VPN
connection by clicking Drop button. You may also aggressively Dial-out by using Dial-out
Tool and clicking Dial button.
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Dial
Click this button to execute dial out function.
Refresh Seconds
Choose the time for refresh the dial information among 5, 10,
and 30.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the whole connection status.
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3.10 Certificate Management
A digital certificate works as an electronic ID, which is issued by a certification authority
(CA). It contains information such as your name, a serial number, expiration dates etc., and
the digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority so that a recipient can verify that the
certificate is real. Here Vigor router support digital certificates conforming to standard
X.509.
Any entity wants to utilize digital certificates should first request a certificate issued by a CA
server. It should also retrieve certificates of other trusted CA servers so it can authenticate
the peer with certificates issued by those trusted CA servers.
Here you can manage generate and manage the local digital certificates, and set trusted CA
certificates. Remember to adjust the time of Vigor router before using the certificate so that
you can get the correct valid period of certificate.
Below shows the menu items for Certificate Management.
3.10.1 Local Certificate
Generate
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Click this button to open Generate Certificate Request
window.
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Type in all the information that the window request. Then
click Generate again.
Import
Click this button to import a saved file as the certification
information.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information listed below.
View
Click this button to view the detailed settings for certificate
request.
After clicking Generate, the generated information will be displayed on the window below:
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3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate
Trusted CA certificate lists three sets of trusted CA certificate.
To import a pre-saved trusted CA certificate, please click IMPORT to open the following
window. Use Browse… to find out the saved text file. Then click Import. The one you
imported will be listed on the Trusted CA Certificate window. Then click Import to use the
pre-saved file.
For viewing each trusted CA certificate, click View to open the certificate detail information
window. If you want to delete a CA certificate, choose the one and click Delete to remove all
the certificate information.
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3.10.3 Certificate Backup
Local certificate and Trusted CA certificate for this router can be saved within one file.
Please click Backup on the following screen to save them. If you want to set encryption
password for these certificates, please type characters in both fields of Encrypt password
and Retype password.
Also, you can use Restore to retrieve these two settings to the router whenever you want.
3.11 VoIP
Voice over IP network (VoIP) enables you to use your broadband Internet connection to
make toll quality voice calls over the Internet.
There are many different call signaling protocols, methods by which VoIP devices can talk
to each other. The most popular protocols are SIP, MGCP, Megaco and H.323. These
protocols are not all compatible with each other (except via a soft-switch server).
The Vigor V models support the SIP protocol as this is an ideal and convenient deployment
for the ITSP (Internet Telephony Service Provider) and softphone and is widely supported.
SIP is an end-to-end, signaling protocol that establishes user presence and mobility in VoIP
structure. Every one who wants to talk using his/her SIP Uniform Resource Identifier, “SIP
Address”. The standard format of SIP URI is
sip: user:password @ host: port
Some fields may be optional in different use. In general, "host” refers to a domain. The
“userinfo” includes the user field, the password field and the @ sign following them. This is
very similar to a URL so some may call it “SIP URL”. SIP supports peer-to-peer direct
calling and also calling via a SIP proxy server (a role similar to the gatekeeper in H.323
networks), while the MGCP protocol uses client-server architecture, the calling scenario
being very similar to the current PSTN/ISDN network.
After a call is setup, the voice streams transmit via RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol).
Different codecs (methods to compress and encode the voice) can be embedded into RTP
packets. Vigor V models provide various codecs, including G.711 A/µ-law, G.723, G.726
and G.729 A & B. Each codec uses a different bandwidth and hence provides different levels
of voice quality. The more bandwidth a codec uses the better the voice quality, however the
codec used must be appropriate for your Internet bandwidth.
Usually there will be two types of calling scenario, as illustrated below:
z
Calling via SIP Servers
First, the Vigor V models of yours will have to register to a SIP Registrar by sending
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registration messages to validate. Then, both parties’ SIP proxies will forward the
sequence of messages to caller to establish the session.
If you both register to the same SIP Registrar, then it will be illustrated as below:
The major benefit of this mode is that you don’t have to memorize your friend’s IP
address, which might change very frequently if it’s dynamic. Instead of that, you will
only have to using dial plan or directly dial your friend’s account name if you are
with the same SIP Registrar. Please refer to the section 4.5.1.
z
Peer-to-Peer
Before calling, you have to know your friend’s IP Address. The Vigor VoIP Routers
will build connection between each other. Please refer to the section 4.5.2.
Our Vigor V models firstly apply efficient codecs designed to make the best use of
available bandwidth, but Vigor V models also equip with automatic QoS assurance.
QoS Assurance assists to assign high priority to voice traffic via Internet. You will
always have the required inbound and outbound bandwidth that is prioritized
exclusively for Voice traffic over Internet but you just get your data a little slower and
it is tolerable for data traffic.
3.11.1 DialPlan
This page allows you to set phone book and digit map for the VoIP function. Click the
Phone Book and Digit Map links on the page to access into next pages for dialplan settings.
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Phone Book
In this section, you can set your VoIP contacts in the “phonebook”. It can help you to make
calls quickly and easily by using “speed-dial” Phone Number. There are total 60 index
entries in the phonebook for you to store all your friends and family members’ SIP addresses.
Loop through and Backup Phone Number will be displayed if you are using Vigor 2930V
for setting the phone book.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
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Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
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Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address
This page will differ for different models. Below is a sample page obtained from Vigor
2930VSn. The selection of Loop through and Backup Phone Number is only available for
2930VSn model.
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any number
you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s calling
without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address
Loop through
For the model of Vigor 2930VSn, the selection should be as
the following:
Backup Phone Number
When the VoIP phone is obstructs or the Internet breaks down
for some reasons, the backup phone will be dialed out to
replace the VoIP phone number. At this time, the phone call
will be changed from VoIP phone into PSTN call according to
the loop through direction chosen. Note that, during the phone
switch, the blare of phone will appear for a short time. And
when the VoIP phone is switched into the PSTN phone, the
telecom co. might charge you for the connection fee. Please
type in backup phone number (PSTN number) for this VoIP
phone setting.
Digit Map
For the convenience of user, this page allows users to edit prefix number for the SIP account
with adding number, stripping number or replacing number. It is used to help user having a
quick and easy way to dial out through VoIP interface.
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Enable
Check this box to invoke this setting.
Prefix Number
The phone number set here is used to add, strip, or replace the
OP number.
Mode
None - No action.
Add - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
added with the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface.
Strip - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
deleted by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, the OP number of 886 will be
deleted completely for the prefix number is set with 886.
Replace - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
replaced by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, the prefix number of 03 will
be replaced by 8863. For example: dial number of
“031111111” will be changed to “88631111111” and sent to
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SIP server.
OP Number
The front number you type here is the first part of the account
number that you want to execute special function (according
to the chosen mode) by using the prefix number.
Min Len
Set the minimal length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings. Take the above picture (Prefix Table
Setup web page) as an example, if the dial number is between
7 and 9, that number can apply the prefix number settings
here.
Max Len
Set the maximum length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings.
Interface
Choose the one that you want to enable the prefix number
settings from the saved SIP accounts. Please set up one SIP
account first to make this interface available.
Call Barring
Call barring is used to block phone calls that are not welcomed.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
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Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Call Direction
Determine the direction for the phone call, IN – incoming call,
OUT-outgoing call, IN & OUT – both incoming and outgoing
calls.
Barring Type
Determine the type of the VoIP phone call, URI/URL or
number.
Specific URI/URL or Specific Number - This field will be
changed based on the type you selected for barring Type.
Interface
“All” means all the phone calls (including ISDN & PSTN)
will be blocked with such mechanism.
”ISDN” means only ISDN phone call will be blocked with
such mechanism.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Enter the index of schedule profiles to control the call barring
according to the preconfigured schedules. Refer to section
3.5.2 Schedule for detailed configuration.
Additionally, you can set advanced settings for call barring such as Block Anonymous,
Block Unknown Domain or Block IP Address. Simply click the relational links to open the
web page.
For Block Anonymous – this function can block the incoming calls without caller ID on the
interface (Phone 1 or Phone 2 or both) specified in the following window. Such controlling
also can be done based on preconfigured schedules.
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For Block Unknown Domain – this function can block incoming calls from unrecognized
domain that is not specified in SIP accounts. Such controlling also can be done based on
preconfigured schedules.
For Block IP Address – this function can block incoming calls coming from IP address.
Such controlling also can be done based on preconfigured schedules.
Regional
This page allows you to process incoming or outgoing phone calls by regional. Default
values (common used in most areas) will be shown on this web page. You can change the
number based on the region that the router is placed.
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Last Call Return [Miss]
Sometimes, people might miss some phone calls. Please dial
number typed in this field to know where the last phone call
comes from and call back to that one.
Last Call Return [In]
You have finished an incoming phone call, however you want
to call back again for some reason. Please dial number typed
in this field to call back to that one.
Last Call Return [Out]
Dial the number typed in this field to call the previous
outgoing phone call again.
Call Forward [All][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place.
Call Forward [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the call forward
function.
Call Forward [Busy][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place while the phone is busy.
Call Forward [No Ans][Act] Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the incoming
calls to the specified place while there is no answer of the
connected phone.
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Do Not Disturb [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to invoke the function of
DND.
Do Not Distrub [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the DND
function.
Hide caller ID [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make your phone
number (ID) not displayed on the display panel of remote end.
Hide caller ID [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
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Call Waiting [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make all the incoming
calls waiting for your answer.
Call Waiting [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Anonymous[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls with unknown ID.
Block Anonymous[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Unknown Domain
[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls from unknown domain.
Block Unknown Domain
[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block IP Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this filed to block all the incoming
calls from IP address.
Block IP Calls [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Last Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block the last incoming
phone call.
3.11.2 SIP Accounts
In this section, you set up your own SIP settings. When you apply for an account, your SIP
service provider will give you an Account Name or user name, SIP Registrar, Proxy, and
Domain name. (The last three might be the same in some case). Then you can tell your folks
your SIP Address as in Account [email protected] Domain name
As Vigor VoIP Router is turned on, it will first register with Registrar using
[email protected]/Realm. After that, your call will be bypassed by SIP Proxy to
the destination using [email protected]/Realm as identity.
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Index
Click this link to access into next page for setting SIP account.
Profile
Display the profile name of the account.
Domain/Realm
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP registrar
server.
Proxy
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP proxy
server.
Account Name
Display the account name of SIP address before @.
Ring Port
Specify which port will ring when receiving a phone call. Set
Phone1, Phone2, ISDN1-S0 or ISDN-TE as the default ring
port for the SIP account. If you choose Phone1, Phone2 or
ISDN1-S0, the ISDN2-TE selection will be dimmed, vice
versa. There are ten internal lines with numbers (30 – 39)
offered for ISDN-S0. You can specify any one of them as ring
port for specified SIP account. By the way, ISDN-S0 can be
used by mapping with MSN numbers.
STUN Server
Type in the IP address or domain of the STUN server.
External IP
Type in the gateway IP address.
SIP PING interval
The default value is 150 (sec). It is useful for a Nortel server
NAT Traversal Support.
Status
Show the status for the corresponding SIP account. R means
such account is registered on SIP server successfully. – means
the account is failed to register on SIP server.
Profile Name
Assign a name for this profile for identifying. You can type
similar name with the domain. For example, if the domain
name is draytel.org, then you might set draytel-1 in this field.
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Register via
If you want to make VoIP call without register personal
information, please choose None and check the box to achieve
the goal. Some SIP server allows user to use VoIP function
without registering. For such server, please check the box of
Call without registration. Choosing Auto is recommended.
The system will select a proper way for your VoIP call.
SIP Port
Set the port number for sending/receiving SIP message for
building a session. The default value is 5060. Your peer must
set the same value in his/her Registrar.
Domain/Realm
Set the domain name or IP address of the SIP Registrar server.
Proxy
Set domain name or IP address of SIP proxy server. By the
time you can type :port number after the domain name to
specify that port as the destination of data transmission (e.g.,
nat.draytel.org:5065)
Act as Outbound Proxy
Check this box to make the proxy acting as outbound proxy.
Display Name
The caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen.
Account Number/Name
Enter your account name of SIP Address, e.g. every text
before @.
Authentication ID
Check the box to invoke this function and enter the name or
number used for SIP Authorization with SIP Registrar. If this
setting value is the same as Account Name, it is not necessary
for you to check the box and set any value in this field.
Password
The password provided to you when you registered with a SIP
service.
Expiry Time
The time duration that your SIP Registrar server keeps your
registration record. Before the time expires, the router will
send another register request to SIP Registrar again.
NAT Traversal Support
If the router (e.g., broadband router) you use connects to
internet by other device, you have to set this function for your
necessity.
None – Disable this function.
Stun – Choose this option if there is Stun server provided for
your router.
Manual – Choose this option if you want to specify an
external IP address as the NAT transversal support.
Nortel – If the soft-switch that you use supports Nortel
solution, you can choose this option.
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Ring Port
Set Phone1, Phone2, ISDN1-S0 or ISDN-TE as the default
ring port for this SIP account. If you choose Phone1, Phone2
or ISDN1-S0, the ISDN2-TE selection will be dimmed, vice
versa. There are ten internal lines with numbers (30 – 39)
offered for ISDN-S0. You can specify one of them or choose
Any as ring port for specified SIP account. By the way,
ISDN-S0 can be used by mapping with MSN numbers.
Ring Pattern
Choose a ring tone type for the VoIP phone call.
3.11.3 Phone Settings
This page allows user to set phone settings for Phone1, Phone2, ISDN1-S0 and
ISDN2-TE/S0 respectively.
Phone List
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Port – There are four phone ports provided here for you to
configure. Three (Index 1 to 3) are fixed and one (Index 4) is
configurable. Phone1 and Phone2 allow you to set general
settings for PSTN phones. ISDN1-S0 and ISDN2-TE allow
you to set common settings for ISDN network connection.
ISDN2 port is configurable. Please use the drop down list to
choose ISDN2-TE for Internet connection or choose
ISDN2-S0 (ISDN intern) for ISDN phone. In addition, you
can connect six phones to this router in certain case. Please
refer to Section 4-1 for detailed information of ISDN
phone/network connection.
If you want to enable function of ISDN On-Net/Off-Net, you
have to choose ISDN2-TE.
Call Feature – A brief description for call feature will be
shown in this field for your reference.
Codec – The default Codec setting for each port will be
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shown in this field for your reference. You can click the
number below the Index field to change it for each phone port.
Tone - Display the tone settings that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Gain - Display the volume gain settings for Mic/Speaker that
configured in the advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Default SIP Account – “draytel_1” is the default SIP account.
You can click the number below the Index field to change SIP
account for each phone port.
DTMF Relay – Display DTMF mode that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
RTP
Symmetric RTP – Check this box to invoke the function. To
make the data transmission going through on both ends of
local router and remote router not misleading due to IP lost
(for example, sending data from the public IP of remote router
to the private IP of local router), you can check this box to
solve this problem.
Dynamic RTP Port Start - Specifies the start port for RTP
stream. The default value is 10050.
Dynamic RTP Port End - Specifies the end port for RTP
stream. The default value is 15000.
RTP TOS – It decides the level of VoIP package. Use the
drop down list to choose any one of them.
Detailed Settings for Phone1/Phone2 Port
Click the number link of each port, you can access into the following page for configuring
Phone settings. Below is the sample page for Phone1.
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Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls
will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy
means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL
only when the local system is busy. No answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response, they will be
forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., [email protected] or
[email protected]) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control the DND mode according to the
preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2 Schedule for
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detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.11.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer
party before each session, and so may not be your default
choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little
bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if
you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
136
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
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Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this
box to invoke the function.
Default Call Route
It determines the default direction for the call route of the
router.
To ISDN (for VoIP) - The router is set by using ISDN call.
To change ISDN call into VoIP call, please dial the character
in this field for transferring. The character that you can type
can be *, #, and 0~9.
To VoIP (for ISDN) - The router is set by using VoIP call. To
change VoIP call into ISDN call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain,
MISC and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication
custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause
inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper
region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or
you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and
TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and
TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Vigor2930 Series User’s Guide
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose
User Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial
tone, ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for
VoIP phone.
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Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the frequency
of the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
DTMF
DTMF Mode – There are four DTMF modes for you to
choose.
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent
to the remote end with SIP message.
Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
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Detailed Settings for ISDN1-S0 Port
Click the number link of Index 3 (ISDN1-S0), you can access into the following page for
configuring Phone settings.
Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls
will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy
means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL
only when the local system is busy. No answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response, they will be
forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., [email protected] or
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[email protected]) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control the DND mode according to the
preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2 Schedule for
detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
profiles. Refer to section 3.10.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer
party before each session, and so may not be your default
choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little
bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if
you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
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invoke this function; click off to close the function.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
ISDN-S0 port can pick up multiple incoming calls
simultaneously. Therefore different phone sets (MSN30 to
MSN39) can use different SIP accounts to call out through
this port.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this
box to invoke the function.
Default Call Route
It determines the default direction for the call route of the
router.
To ISDN (for VoIP) - The router is set by using ISDN call.
To change ISDN call into VoIP call, please dial the character
in this field for transferring. The character that you can type
can be *, #, and 0~9.
To VoIP (for ISDN) - The router is set by using VoIP call. To
change VoIP call into ISDN call, please dial the character in
this field for transferring. The character that you can type can
be *, #, and 0~9.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain,
MISC, DTMF mode and MSN number. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the
telecommunication custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings
might cause inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply
choose a proper region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type
automatically. Or you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1,
TOff1, TOn2 and TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent
sound-on; TOff1 and TOff2 represent the sound-off.
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Region
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose
User Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial
tone, ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for
VoIP phone.
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
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Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the frequency
of the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use the default
setting.
DTMF
DTMF Mode – There are four DTMF modes for you to
choose.
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent
to the remote end with SIP message.
Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
MSN Alias
You can modify the MSN number (default values are set from
30 – 39) with any number you desire. For example, type 50 in
the box of MSN 30.
Later you will find MSN 30 has been replaced with MSN50 in
all related pages. See the following figures for examples
(pages of VoIP>>SIP Accounts and VoIP>>Phone
Settings).
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Detailed Settings for ISDN2-TE Port (Available for VSn model only)
Vigor2930VSn allows users to switch the function of ISDN2 port between TE or S0 mode.
Please use the drop down list to choose the one you want.
If you choose ISDN2-S0, please refer to Detailed Settings for Phone1, Phone2, ISDN1-S0
for the configuration. However, if you choose ISDN-TE and click the number link for that
port, you will see the following page.
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Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time that
you set in this field, if there is no response, the connecting call
will be closed automatically.
Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming calls
will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason. Busy
means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP URL
only when the local system is busy. No answer means if the
incoming calls do not receive any response, they will be
forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., [email protected] or
[email protected]) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP phone
call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen busy
tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control the DND mode according to the
preconfigured schedules. Refer to section 3.5.2 Schedule for
detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone book
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profiles. Refer to section 3.10.1 DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of the
phone set.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the peer
party before each session, and so may not be your default
choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies little
bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream if
you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected Codec
will be applied.
Packet Size-The amount of data contained in a single packet.
The default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
Voice Active Detector - This function can detect if the voice
on both sides is active or not. If not, the router will do
something to save the bandwidth for other using. Click On to
invoke this function; click off to close the function.
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Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this
box to invoke the function.
FXO Feature
Enable ISDN to VoIP (On-Net) Calls – Check this box to
make all the outgoing calls from ISDN line to be forwarded to
receivers by Internet.
Enable VoIP to ISDN (Off-Net) Calls –Check this box to
make all the incoming calls coming from Internet to be
forwarded to receivers by ISDN line.
Loop Through to Phone Port – Choose this radio button to
make all the calls controlled by traditional PSTN phone. It
will tack effect only if MSN mapping ring port is not
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configured. In addition, you can specify which port (both
phone 1 and phone 2, phone 1 only or phone 2 only) will ring.
Loop Through to ISDN1-S0 Port – Choose this radio button
to make all the calls controlled by ISDN line.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain,
MISC and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication
custom for the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause
inconvenience for users. To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper
region to let the system find out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or
you can adjust tone settings manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and
TOff2 mean the cadence of the tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and
TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Region
Vigor2930 Series User’s Guide
Select the proper region which you are located. The common
settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing tone, Busy
tone and Congestion tone will be shown automatically on the
page. If you cannot find out a suitable one, please choose
User Defined and fill out the corresponding values for dial
tone, ringing tone, busy tone, congestion tone by yourself for
VoIP phone.
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Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
148
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume of
microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10. The
larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Authentication PIN Code
Check for ISDN to VoIP Calls – Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial ISDN to VoIP call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three
to eight with digits from zero to nine.
Check for VoIP to ISDN Calls - Set a pin code for the router
to authenticate which one is allowed to dial VoIP to ISDN call.
The figure that you can type in this field is limited from three
to eight with digits from zero to nine.
DTMP
DTMF mode – There are four selections provided here:
InBand:Choose this one then the Vigor will send the DTMF
tone as audio directly when you press the keypad on the phone
OutBand: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
keypad number you pressed and transform it to digital form
then send to the other side; the receiver will generate the tone
according to the digital form it receive. This function is very
useful when the network traffic congestion occurs and it still
can remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
SIP INFO: Choose this one then the Vigor will capture the
DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form. Then it will be sent
to the remote end with SIP message.
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Payload Type (rfc2833) - Choose a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
3.11.4 Status
From this page, you can find codec, connection and other important call status for each port.
Refresh Seconds
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest VoIP
calling information. The information will update immediately
when the Refresh button is clicked.
Port
It shows current connection status for the port of Phone1,
Phone2, ISDN1 and ISDN2. The ISDN1/2 appears only when
the router is equipped with ISDN interface. ISDN1 means B1
channel for the physical ISDN port; ISDN2 means B2 channel
for the physical ISDN port. Be aware that ISDN1/2 port is
available for the users living in Europe and using Vigor
2930VSn only. For other V models, only the status for VoIP1
and VoIP2 will be shown in this page.
Status
It shows the VoIP connection status.
IDLE - Indicates that the VoIP function is idle.
HANG_UP - Indicates that the connection is not established
(busy tone).
CONNECTING - Indicates that the user is calling out.
WAIT_ANS - Indicates that a connection is launched and
waiting for remote user’s answer.
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ALERTING - Indicates that a call is coming.
ACTIVE-Indicates that the VoIP connection is launched.
Codec
Indicates the voice codec employed by present channel.
PeerID
The present in-call or out-call peer ID (the format may be IP
or Domain).
Elapse
The format is represented as hours:minutes:seconds.
Tx Pkts
Total number of transmitted voice packets during this
connection session.
Rx Pkts
Total number of received voice packets during this connection
session.
Rx Losts
Total number of lost packets during this connection session.
Rx Jitter
The jitter of received voice packets.
In Calls
The accumulating in-call times.
Out Calls
The accumulating out-call times.
Speaker Gain
The volume of present call.
Log
Display logs of VoIP calls.
3.12 ISDN
3.12.1 Basic Concept
ISDN means integrated services digital network that is an international communications
standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone
wires.
Below shows the menu items for ISDN.
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3.12.2 General Settings
This web page allows you to enable ISDN function.
ISDN Port
Click Enable to open the ISDN port and Disable to close it.
Country Code
For proper operation on your local ISDN network, you should
choose the correct country code.
D-Channel Mode
It allows you to configure ISDN layer2 protocol as:
Point-to-Point - Configure ISDN port to use static TEI
(Terminal Endpoint Identifier).
Point-to-Multipoint - Configure ISDN port to use Dynamic
TEI.
Own Number
Enter your ISDN number that you got from ISDN service
provider (To have such number, you have offer your request
from ISDN service provider first). Every outgoing call will
carry the number to the receiver.
Blocked MSN Numbers for Enter the specified MSN number into the fields to prevent
the router from dialing the specific MSN number
the router
MSN Numbers for the
Router
Vigor2930 Series User’s Guide
MSN Numbers mean that the router is able to accept only
number-matched incoming calls. In addition, local ISDN
network provider should support MSN services. The router
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provides ten fields for MSN numbers. Note that MSN service
must be acquired from your local telecom operators. By
default, MSN function is disabled. If you leave the fields
blank, all incoming calls will be accepted without number
matching.
1-10 fields – Fill in the portion that is different with the own
number.
For example, the own number is 1234567 and MSN numbers
are 1234550, 1234517 and 1234582 respectively. You can
type in 1234567 in the filed of own number. Fill in 50, 17
and 67 on the fields of 1, 2 and 3 one by one without typing
12345.
Mapping to Phone Ports
For loop through phone calls, you can assign Phone 1, Phone
2, ISDN1-S0 as ring ports if incoming calls correspond with
settings on MSN number field.
There are ten internal lines (30-39) under ISDN1-S0 for you
to configure as dedicated line. You can setup your ISDN
phone with one of these 10 different internal MSN
numbers. Transparent means MSN on TE port can
connect to NT port without limitation on the number among
30 ~ 39. Any means all the phones under ISDN1-S0
would ring.
w
If you choose Any as ISDN-S0 port, when the router receives
the incoming phone call with certain number for reaching
ISDN-S0, all the phone sets connected to ISDN-S0 will ring at
the same time.
Phone CLIR/CLIP
CLIR means “Calling Line Identification Restriction”. If you
choose this item, we will not let remote side see your phone
number. Such function depends on environment that ISP
offers to you. Usually, hidden telephone number is not
permitted under many real circumstances.
CLIP means “Calling Line Identification Presentation”.
Usually the router will send "Own Number" to the remote side.
However Own number will restrict the router displaying only
one number on remote side. Vigor2930 series can connect up
to 6
phones at the same time. Therefore, if CLIP is selected, the
external MSN numbers that you setup will be displayed to
remote side.
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Application Example
You got ISDN numbers with 5972720~5972729 from your ISP, and you try to connect
ISDN-TE port to ISDN network. Please refer to the following configuration.
Open ISDN>> General Setup and set as the following:
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972727, the router will make Phone1 port ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972728, the router will make ISDN phone under
ISDN1-S0 port and configured with internal MSN number 32 ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972729, the router will make ISDN phones under
ISDN1-S0 port and configured with internal MSN number 5972729 ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972720, the router will make all of ISDN phones
under ISDN1-S0 port ringing.
When remote user calls you by dialing 5972722, the router will make no phone ringing for
the number is not specified in such page.
If you use Phone1 to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the telephone number 5972726 because CLIP is not checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 with MSN 32 to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see “Withheld
Number” from the telephone display panel because Phone CLIR is checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 with MSN 5972729 to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the
number 5972729 because Phone CLIP is checked.
If you use ISDN1-S0 without MSN Setup to dial an outgoing call: remote user will see the
number 5972720 because Phone CLIP is checked.
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3.12.3 Dial to Single/Dual ISPs
Select Dialing to a Single ISP if you access the Internet via a single ISP.
ISP Access Setup
ISP Name - Enter your ISP name such as Seednet, Hinet and
so on.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by
your ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
Require ISP Callback (CBCP) -If your ISP supports the
callback function, check this box to activate the Callback
Control Protocol during the PPP negotiation.
Scheduler (1-15) - Enter the index of schedule profiles to
control the Internet access according to the preconfigured
schedules. Refer to section 3.8.2 Schedule for detailed
configuration.
PPP/MP Setup
Link Type – There are three link types provided here for
different purpose. Link Disable disables the ISDN dial-out
function. Dialup 64Kbps allows you to use one ISDN B
channel for Internet access. Dialup 128Kbps allows you to
use both ISDN B channels for Internet access. Dialup BOD
(for detailed information of configuration, please refer to
section 3.12.4) stands for bandwidth-on-demand. The router
will use only one B channel in low traffic situations. Once the
single B channel bandwidth is fully used, the other B channel
will be activated automatically through the dialup. For more
detailed BOD parameter settings, please refer to the section of
Call Control.
PPP Authentication - PAP only allows you to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP protocol to negotiate the username
and password with the ISP. PAP or CHAP is to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP or CHAP protocols to negotiate
the username and password with the ISP.
Idle Timeout - Idle timeout means the router will be
disconnect after being idle for a preset amount of time. The
default is 180 seconds. If you set the time to 0, the ISDN
connection to the ISP will always remain on.
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IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP)
In most environments, you should not change these settings
as most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router
when it connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP
address, check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of
Fixed IP Address.
Select Dialing to Dual ISPs if you have more than one ISP. You will be able to dial to both
ISPs at the same time. This is mainly for those ISPs that do not support Multiple-Link PPP
(ML-PPP). In such cases, dialing to two ISPs can increase the bandwidth utilization of the
ISDN channels to 128kbps data speed.
Common Settings
Enable Dual ISPs Function - Check to enable the Dual ISPs
function. Require ISP Callback (CBCP) -If your ISP
supports the callback function, check this box to activate the
Callback Control Protocol during the PPP negotiation.
PPP/MP Setup
Link Type – There are three link types provided here for
different purpose. Link Disable disables the ISDN dial-out
function. Dialup 128Kbps allows you to use both ISDN B
channels for Internet access. Dialup BOD (for detailed
information of configuration, please refer to section 3.12.4)
stands for bandwidth-on-demand. The router will use only one
B channel in low traffic situations. Once the single B channel
bandwidth is fully used, the other B channel will be activated
automatically through the dialup.
PPP Authentication - PAP only allows you to configure the
PPP session to use the PAP protocol to negotiate the username
and password with the ISP. PAP or CHAP can configure the
PPP session to use the PAP or CHAP protocols to negotiate
the username and password with the ISP.
Idle Timeout - Idle timeout means the router will be
disconnect after being idle for a preset amount of time. The
default is 180 seconds. If you set the time to 0, the ISDN
connection to the ISP will always remain on.
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Primary ISP Setup
ISP Name - Enter your ISP name.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by
your ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP) for
primary ISP setup
In most environments, you should not change these settings as
most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router when it
connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP address,
check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of Fixed IP
Address.
Secondary ISP Setup)
ISP Name - Enter the secondary ISP name.
Dial Number -Enter the ISDN access number provided by the
ISP.
Username - Enter the username provided by your ISP.
Password - Enter the password provided by your ISP.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP) for
secondary ISP setup
In most environments, you should not change these settings as
most ISPs provide a dynamic IP address for the router when it
connects to the ISP. If your ISP provides a fixed IP address,
check Yes and enter the IP address in the field of Fixed IP
Address.
After entering the necessary settings and clicking OK, you will see Goto ISDN Diagnostic
link appears on the bottom of the webpage. To have an ISDN connection, please click this
link.
Now, the system will guide you to click Dial ISDN. Wait for a moment after clicking the
dial link. Then, a successful ISDN connection will be shown as the following.
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3.12.4 Call Control
Some applications require that the router (only for the ISDN models) be remotely activated,
or be able to dial up to the ISP via the ISDN interface. Vigor routers provide this feature by
allowing user to make a phone call to the router and then ask it to dial up to the ISP.
Accordingly, a teleworker can access the remote network to retrieve resources. Of course, a
fixed IP address is required for WAN connection and some internal network resource has to
be exposed for remote users, such as FTP, WWW.
Call Control Setup
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Dial Retry - It specifies the dial retry counts per triggered
packet. A triggered packet is the packet whose destination is
outside the local network. The default setting is no dial retry.
If set to 5, for each triggered packet, the router will dial 5
times until it is connected to the ISP or remote access router.
Dial Delay Interval - It specifies the interval between dialup
retries. By default, the interval is 0 second.
Remote Activation – It can help users who would like to
access the server which is off the Internet in the head office.
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To remotely make the server to be available on the Internet, i.e.
make the router in the head office activating its Internet access
either by dialing-up or starting broadband connection, users
can make a regular phone call (the number is set in the
Remote Activation field) to the router as signaling it for
activation. The phone call will be soon disconnected once the
router is on line.
Note that Dialing to a Single ISP should be pre-configured
properly.
Basic Setup
Link Type - Because ISDN has two B channels (64Kbps/per
channel), you can specify whether you would like to have
single B channel, two B channels or BOD (Bandwidth on
Demand). Four options are available: Link Disable, Dialup
64Kbps, Dialup 128Kbps, Dialup BOD.
PPP Authentication - It specifies the PPP authentication
method for PPP/MP connections. Normally you can set it to
PAP/CHAP for better compatibility.
TCP Header Compression - VJ Compression: It is used for
TCP/IP protocol header compression. Normally it is set to Yes
to improve bandwidth utilization.
Idle Timeout - Because our IDSN link type is Dial On
Demand, the connection will be initiated only when needed.
Bandwidth-On-Demand
(BOD) Setup
Bandwidth-On-Demand is for Multiple-Link PPP \(ML-PPP
or MP). The parameters are only applied when you set the
Link Type to Dialup BOD. The ISDN usually use one B
channel to access the Internet or remote network when you
choose the Dialup BOD link type. The router will use the
parameters here to decide on when you activate/drop the
additional B channel. Note that cps (characters-per-second)
measures the total link utilization.
High Water Mark and High Water Time - These
parameters specify the situation in which the second channel
will be activated. With the first connected channel, if its
utilization exceeds the High Water Mark and such a channel
is being used over the High Water Time, the additional
channel will be activated. Thus, the total link speed will be
128kbps (two B channels).
Low Water Mark and Low Water Time - These parameters
specify the situation in which the second channel will be
dropped. In terms of the two B channels, if their utilization is
under the Low Water Mark and these two channels are being
used over the High Water Time, the additional channel will be
dropped. As a result, the total link speed will be 64kbps (one
B channel).
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3.13 Wireless LAN
This function is used for “n” models only.
3.13.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor “n” model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized
staff can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access.
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11n protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is also
loaded with advanced wireless technology to lift up data rate up to 300 Mbps*. Hence, you
can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network overhead and
building materials.
In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an
Access Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will
share the same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set
up the information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located
channel etc.
Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES
encryption engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user
experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
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WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK),
and WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies
AES. The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very
flexible and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same
time.
Separate the Wireless and the Wired LAN- WLAN Isolation enables you to isolate your
wireless LAN from wired LAN for either quarantine or limit access reasons. To isolate
means neither of the parties can access each other. To elaborate an example for business use,
you may set up a wireless LAN for visitors only so they can connect to Internet without
hassle of the confidential information leakage. For a more flexible deployment, you may add
filters of MAC addresses to isolate users’ access from wired LAN.
Manage Wireless Stations - Station List will display all the station in your wireless
network and the status of their connection.
Below shows the menu items for Wireless LAN.
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3.13.2 General Setup
By clicking the General Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure
the SSID and the wireless channel. Please refer to the following figure for more information.
Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable wireless function.
Mode
At present, the router can connect to Mixed (11b+11g),
11g Only, 11b Only, Mixed (11g+11n), 11n Only and
Mixed (11b+11g+11n) stations simultaneously. Simply
choose Mix (11b+11g+11n) mode.
Index(1-15)
Set the wireless LAN to work at certain time interval
only. You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15
schedules pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule
setup. The default setting of this filed is blank and the
function will always work.
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Hide SSID
Check it to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your
wireless LAN. Depending on the wireless utility, the user
may only see the information except SSID or just cannot
see any thing about Vigor wireless router while site
surveying. The system allows you to set four sets of
SSID for different usage. In default, the first set of SSID
will be enabled. You can hide it for your necessity.
SSID
Means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can
be any text numbers or various special characters. The
default SSID is "default". We suggest you to change it.
Isolate
LAN – Check this box to make the wireless clients
(stations) with the same SSID cannot access wired
PCs on LAN.
Member –Check this box to make the wireless
clients (stations) with the same SSID not accessing
for each other.
Channel
Means the channel of frequency of the wireless LAN.
The default channel is 6. You may switch channel if the
selected channel is under serious interference. If you have
no idea of choosing the frequency, please select Auto to
let system determine for you.
Long Preamble
This option is to define the length of the sync field in an
802.11 packet. Most modern wireless network uses short
preamble with 56 bit sync filed instead of long preamble
with 128 bit sync field. However, some original 11b
wireless network devices only support long preamble.
Check it to use Long Preamble if needed to
communicate with this kind of devices.
Packet-OVERDRIVE
This feature can enhance the performance in data
transmission about 40%* more (by checking Tx Burst).
It is active only when both sides of Access Point and
Station (in wireless client) invoke this function at the
same time. That is, the wireless client must support this
feature and invoke the function, too.
Note: Vigor N61 wireless adapter supports this function.
Therefore, you can use and install it into your PC for
matching with Packet-OVERDRIVE (refer to the
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following picture of Vigor N61 wireless utility window,
choose Enable for activating TxBurst).
Note: * means the real transmission rate depends on the
environment of the network.
3.13.3 Security
This page allows you to set security with different modes for SSID 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
After configuring the correct settings, please click OK to save and invoke it.
By clicking the Security Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure
the settings of WEP and WPA.
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Mode
There are several modes provided for you to choose.
Disable - Turn off the encryption mechanism.
WEP - Accept WEP client and the encryption key should
be entered in WEP filed below.
WPA/PSK - Accepts WPA clients and the encryption
key should be entered in PSK.
WPA2/PSK-Accepts only WPA2 clients and the
encryption key should be entered in PSK.
Mixed (WPA+WPA2)/PSK - Accepts WPA and WPA2
clients simultaneously and the encryption key should be
entered in PSK.
WPA
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK entered manually in this
field below or automatically negotiated via 802.1x
authentication.
Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Either 8~63 ASCII characters,
such as 012345678..(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by
0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
WEP
64-Bit - For 64 bits WEP key, either 5 ASCII characters,
such as 12345 (or 10 hexadecimal digitals leading by 0x,
such as 0x4142434445.)
128-Bit - For 128 bits WEP key, either 13 ASCII
characters, such as ABCDEFGHIJKLM (or 26
hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such as
0x4142434445464748494A4B4C4D).
All wireless devices must support the same WEP
encryption bit size and have the same key. Four keys can
be entered here, but only one key can be selected at a
time. The keys can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal.
Check the key you wish to use.
3.13.4 Access Control
For additional security of wireless access, the Access Control facility allows you to restrict
the network access right by controlling the wireless LAN MAC address of client. Only the
valid MAC address that has been configured can access the wireless LAN interface. By
clicking the Access Control, a new web page will appear, as depicted below, so that you
could edit the clients' MAC addresses to control their access rights.
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Policy
Select to enable any one of the following policy.
Activate MAC address filter- Allow to set MAC
address list for accessing Access Point. PCs with MAC
address not listed above cannot access AP. In addition,
selected station with MAC address listed above can be
isolated from LAN by checking Isolate the station from
LAN.
Blocked MAC address filter- Allow to set MAC
address list for denying access AP. However, stations
with MAC address not listed above are allowed to access
AP.
Enable Mac Access Filter
Select to enable the MAC Address filter for wireless
LAN identified with SSID 1 to 4 respectively. All the
clients (expressed by MAC addresses) listed in the box
can be grouped under different wireless LAN. For
example, they can be grouped under SSID 1 and SSID 2
at the same time if you check SSID 1 and SSID 2.
MAC Address Filter
Display all MAC addresses that are edited before.
Client’s MAC Address - Manually enter the MAC
address of wireless client.
Attribute
s: Isolate the station from LAN - select to isolate the
wireless connection of the wireless client of the MAC
address from LAN.
Add
Add a new MAC address into the list.
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Delete
Delete the selected MAC address in the list.
Edit
Edit the selected MAC address in the list.
Cancel
Give up the access control set up.
OK
Click it to save the access control list.
Clear All
Clean all entries in the MAC address list.
3.13.5 WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection
between wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption of
WPA and WPA2.
Note: Such function is available for the wireless station with WPS supported.
It is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and vigor router.
Users do not need to select any encryption mode and type any long encryption passphrase to
setup a wireless client every time. He/she only needs to press a button on wireless client, and
WPS will connect for client and router automatically.
There are two methods to do network connection through WPS between AP and Stations:
pressing the Start PBC button or using PIN Code.
166
z
On the side of Vigor 2930 series which served as an AP, press Factory Reset button
once on the front panel of the router or click Start PBC on web configuration interface.
On the side of a station with network card installed, press Start PBC button of network
card.
z
If you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code specified in wireless
client. Then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to the
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vigor router.
For WPS is supported in WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK mode, if you do not choose such mode
in Wireless LAN>>Security, you will see the following message box.
Please click OK and go back Wireless LAN>>Security to choose WPA-PSK or
WPA2-PSK mode and access WPS again.
Below shows Wireless LAN>>WPS web page.
Enable WPS
Check this box to enable WPS setting.
WPS Status
Display related system information for WPS. If the
wireless security (encryption) function of the router is
properly configured, you can see ‘Configured’ message
here.
SSID
Display the SSID1 of the router. WPS is supported by
SSID1 only.
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Authentication Mode
Display current authentication mode of the router. Only
WPA2/PSK and WPA/PSK support WPS.
Configure via Push Button
Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients about two minutes. The WLAN LED on
the router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will
return to normal condition after two minutes. (You need
to setup WPS within two minutes)
Configure via Client PinCode
Please input the PIN code specified in wireless client you
wish to connect, and click Start PIN button. The WLAN
LED on the router will blink fast when WPS is in
progress. It will return to normal condition after two
minutes. (You need to setup WPS within two minutes)
3.13.6 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:
y
y
Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
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The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
The major difference between these two modes is that: while in Repeater mode, the packets
received from one peer AP can be repeated to another peer AP through WDS links. Yet in
Bridge mode, packets received from a WDS link will only be forwarded to local wired or
wireless hosts. In other words, only Repeater mode can do WDS-to-WDS packet forwarding.
In the following examples, hosts connected to Bridge 1 or 3 can communicate with hosts
connected to Bridge 2 through WDS links. However, hosts connected to Bridge 1 CANNOT
communicate with hosts connected to Bridge 3 through Bridge 2.
Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
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Mode
Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge mode is designed to fulfill
the first type of application. Repeater mode is for the second
one.
Security
There are three types for security, Disable, WEP and
Pre-shared key. The setting you choose here will make the
following WEP or Pre-shared key field valid or not. Choose
one of the types for the router.
WEP
Check this box to use the same key set in Security Settings
page. If you did not set any key in Security Settings page,
this check box will be dimmed.
Settings
Encryption Mode - If you checked the box of Use the same
WEP key …, you do not need to choose 64-bit or 128-bit as
the Encryption Mode. If you do not check that box, you can
set the WEP key now in this page.
Key Index - Choose the key that you want to use after
selecting the proper encryption mode.
Key - Type the content for the key.
Pre-shared Key
Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal digits
leading by “0x”.
Bridge
If you choose Bridge as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
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Yet please disable the unused link to get better performance.
If you want to invoke the peer MAC address, remember to
check Enable box in the front of the MAC address after
typing.
Repeater
If you choose Repeater as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
Similarly, if you want to invoke the peer MAC address,
remember to check Enable box in the front of the MAC
address after typing.
Access Point Function
Click Enable to make this router serving as an access point;
click Disable to cancel this function.
Status
It allows user to send “hello” message to peers. Yet, it is valid
only when the peer also supports this function.
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3.13.7 AP Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can
be used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link. Notice that during the scanning process
(about 5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to Vigor.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Yet, only the AP
which is in the same channel of this router can be found. Please click Scan to discover all the
connected APs.
If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings, please type in the AP’s MAC address
on the bottom of the page and click Bridge or Repeater. Next, click Add to. Later, the MAC
address of the AP will be added to Bridge or Repeater field of WDS settings page.
3.13.8 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code. There is a code summary below for explanation. For convenient Access Control, you
can select a WLAN station and click Add to Access Control below.
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Refresh
Click this button to refresh the status of station list.
Add
Click this button to add current selected MAC address
into Access Control.
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3.13.9 Rate Control
This page allows you to control the upload and download rate of each wireless client (station)
and SSID1-4. Please check the box of Enable to invoke this setting. The range for the rate is
between 100 ~ 100,000 kbps.
SSID rate control controls the data transmission rate through wireless connection.
Enable
Check Enable for typing upload and download rate.
Upload
Type the transmitting rate for data upload. Default value
is 30,000 kbps.
Download
Type the transmitting rate for data download. Default
value is 30,000 kbps.
3.14 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, Administrator Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog, Time setup, Reboot System,
Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
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3.14.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
1st IP Address
Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
st
1 Subnet Mask
Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
DNS
Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
MAC Address
Display the MAC address of the wireless LAN.
Frequency Domain
It can be Europe (13 usable channels), USA (11 usable
channels) etc. The available channels supported by the
wireless products in different countries are various.
Firmware Version
It indicates information about equipped WLAN miniPCi
card. This also helps to provide availability of some
features that are bound with some WLAN miniPCi card.
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3.14.2 TR-069 Setting
Vigor router with TR-069 is available for matching with VigorACS server. Such page
provides VigorACS and CPE settings under TR-069 protocol. All the settings configured
here is for CPE to be controlled and managed with VigorACS server. Users need to type
URL, username and password for the VigorACS server that such device will be connected.
However URL, username and password under CPE client are fixed that users cannot change
it. The default CPE username and password are "vigor" and "password". You will
need it when you configure VigorACS server.
ACS Server
Such data must be typed according to the ACS (Auto
Configuration Server) you want to link. Please refer
to VigorACS user’s manual for detailed information.
URL - Type the URL for VigorACS server.
If the connected CPE needs to be authenticated, please
set URL as the following and type username and
password for VigorACS server:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/ACSServlet
If the connected CPE does not need to be authenticated
please set URL as the following:
http://{IP address of
VigorACS}:8080/ACSServer/services/UnAuthACSServ
let
Username/Password - Type username and password for
ACS Server for authentication. For example, if you want
to use such CPE with VigorACS, you can type as the
following:
Username: acs
Password: password
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CPE Client
It is not necessary for you to type them. Such information
is useful for Auto Configuration Server.
Enable/Disable – Sometimes, port conflict might be
occurred. To solve such problem, you might want to
change port number for CPE. Please click Enable
and change the port number.
Periodic Inform Settings
Disable – The system will not send inform message to
ACS server.
Enable – The system will send inform message to ACS
server periodically (with the time set in the box of
interval time).
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval
time or schedule time for the router to send
notification to CPE. Or click Disable to close the
mechanism of notification.
3.14.3 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is blank.
New Password
Type in new password in this filed.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web configurator again.
3.14.4 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
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2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open
another dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name
by yourself.
4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration Backup
does not include information of Certificate.
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Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the
router.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
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3.14.5 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get
into the Web Configurator of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Enable
Click “Enable” to activate this function.
Router Name
Type a name to represent the router.
Syslog Server IP
The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port
Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
SMTP Server
The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To
Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path
Assign a path for receiving the mail from outside.
Authentication
Check this box to activate this function while using
e-mail application.
User Name
Type the user name for authentication.
Password
Type the password for authentication.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
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1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on
the Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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3.14.6 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the
remote administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on
the Internet using assigned protocol.
Time Protocol
Select a time protocol.
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the time server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Automatically Update Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.14.7 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SMP setup. For example, as to management access control, the port number is used to
send/receive SIP message for building a session. The default value is 5060 and this must
match with the peer Registrar when making VoIP calls.
Allow management from the
Internet
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to
login from the Internet. There are several servers
provided by the system to allow you managing the
router from Internet. Check the box (es) to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet Check the checkbox to reject all PING packets from the
Internet. For security issue, this function is enabled by default.
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Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list.
A maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login
to the router.
Default Ports
Check to use standard port numbers for the Telnet and
HTTP servers.
User Defined Ports
Check to specify user-defined port numbers for the
Telnet and HTTP servers.
Enable SNMP Agent
Check it to enable this function.
Get Community
Set the name for getting community by typing a proper
character. The default setting is public.
Set Community
Set community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is private.
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Manager Host IP
Set one host as the manager to execute SNMP function.
Please type in IP address to specify certain host.
Trap Community
Set trap community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is public.
Notification Host IP
Set the IP address of the host that will receive the trap
community.
Trap Timeout
The default setting is 10 seconds.
3.14.8 Reboot System
The Web Configurator may be used to restart your router. Click Reboot System from
System Maintenance to open the following page.
If you want to reboot the router using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click OK. To reset the router settings to default values, check Using
factory default configuration and click OK. The router will take 5 seconds to reboot the
system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click OK to reboot your router for ensuring normal operation and preventing
unexpected errors of the router in the future.
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3.14.9 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site
is www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility
first.
For the detailed information about firmware update, please go to Chapter 4.
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3.15 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
3.15.1 Dial-out Trigger
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Trigger to open the web page. The internet connection
(e.g., ISDN, PPPoE, PPPoA, etc) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP
address.
Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.15.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the router. The table shows a mapping between an
Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
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Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
Clear
Click it to clear the whole table.
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3.15.4 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.5 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the setup page.
Private IP:Port
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It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
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#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the router used for NAT.
Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote host.
Interface
It displays the representing number for different interface.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.6 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds. The IP address listed here is configured in Bandwidth
Management. You have to enable IP bandwidth limit and IP session limit before invoke Data
Flow Monitor. If not, a notification dialog box will appear to remind you enabling it.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page.
Enable Data Flow
Monitor
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Check this box to enable this function.
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Refresh Seconds
Use the drop down list to choose the time interval of refreshing
data flow that will be done by the system automatically.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit Session
web page.
Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet within 5
minutes.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked in five
minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the session column.
Current /Peak/Speed
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Current means current transmission rate and receiving rate for
WAN1/WAN.
Peak means the highest peak value detected by the router in data
transmission.
Speed means line speed specified in WAN>>General. If you do
not specify any rate at that page, here will display Auto for instead.
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3.15.7 Traffic Graph
Click Diagnostics and click Traffic Graph to pen the web page. Choose WAN1
Bandwidth/WAN2 Bandwidth, Sessions, daily or weekly for viewing different traffic graph.
Click Refresh to renew the graph at any time. The following two figures display different
charts by daily and weekly.
The horizontal axis represents time. Yet the vertical axis has different meanings. For
WAN1/WAN2 Bandwidth chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the
numbers of the transmitted and received packets in the past.
For Sessions chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the numbers of the NAT
sessions during the past.
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3.15.8 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to pen the web page.
Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you want
to ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined by the
router automatically.
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you want to
ping.
IP Address
Type in the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be
displayed on the screen.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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3.15.9 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to
trace the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box and
click Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
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Trace through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that you want
to ping through or choose Unspecified to be determined by the
router automatically.
Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
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4
Application and Examples
4.1 Create a LAN-to-LAN Connection Between Remote Office
and Headquarter
The most common case is that you may want to connect to network securely, such as the
remote branch office and headquarter. According to the network structure as shown in the
below illustration, you may follow the steps to create a LAN-to-LAN profile. These two
networks (LANs) should NOT have the same network address.
Settings in Router A in headquarter:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then,
For using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general settings in
PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
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parties have known.
3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
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Address, Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this
Dial-Out connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router B dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
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7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router
A can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router B via the VPN
connection.
Settings in Router B in the remote office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general
settings in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
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parties have known.
3.
Go to LAN-to-LAN. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Common Settings as shown below. You should enable both of VPN connections
because any one of the parties may start the VPN connection.
5.
Set Dial-Out Settings as shown below to dial to connect to Router B aggressively with
the selected Dial-Out method.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-Out
connection.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, PPP Authentication and VJ Compression for this
Dial-Out connection.
6.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow Router A dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
7.
At last, set the remote network IP/subnet in TCP/IP Network Settings so that Router
B can direct the packets destined to the remote network to Router A via the VPN
connection.
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4.2 Create a Remote Dial-in User Connection Between the
Teleworker and Headquarter
The other common case is that you, as a teleworker, may want to connect to the enterprise
network securely. According to the network structure as shown in the below illustration, you
may follow the steps to create a Remote User Profile and install Smart VPN Client on the
remote host.
Settings in VPN Router in the enterprise office:
1.
Go to VPN and Remote Access and select Remote Access Control to enable the
necessary VPN service and click OK.
2.
Then, for using PPP based services, such as PPTP, L2TP, you have to set general
settings in PPP General Setup.
For using IPSec-based service, such as IPSec or L2TP with IPSec Policy, you have to
set general settings in IKE/IPSec General Setup, such as the pre-shared key that both
parties have known.
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3.
Go to Remote Dial-In User. Click on one index number to edit a profile.
4.
Set Dial-In settings to as shown below to allow the remote user dial-in to build VPN
connection.
If an IPSec-based service is selected, you may further specify the remote peer IP
Address, IKE Authentication Method and IPSec Security Method for this Dial-In
connection. Otherwise, it will apply the settings defined in IPSec General Setup above.
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If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote peer IP
Address, Username, Password, and VJ Compression for this Dial-In connection.
Settings in the remote host:
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1.
For Win98/ME, you may use "Dial-up Networking" to create the PPTP tunnel to Vigor
router. For Win2000/XP, please use "Network and Dial-up connections" or “Smart
VPN Client”, complimentary software to help you create PPTP, L2TP, and L2TP over
IPSec tunnel. You can find it in CD-ROM in the package or go to www.draytek.com
download center. Install as instructed.
2.
After successful installation, for the first time user, you should click on the Step 0.
Configure button. Reboot the host.
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3.
In Step 2. Connect to VPN Server, click Insert button to add a new entry.
If an IPSec-based service is selected as shown below,
You may further specify the method you use to get IP, the security method, and
authentication method. If the Pre-Shared Key is selected, it should be consistent with
the one set in VPN router.
If a PPP-based service is selected, you should further specify the remote VPN server IP
address, Username, Password, and encryption method. The User Name and Password
should be consistent with the one set up in the VPN router. To use default gateway on
remote network means that all the packets of remote host will be directed to VPN
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server then forwarded to Internet. This will make the remote host seem to be working
in the enterprise network.
4.
Click Connect button to build connection. When the connection is successful, you will
find a green light on the right down corner.
4.3 QoS Setting Example
Assume a teleworker sometimes works at home and takes care of children. When working
time, he would use Vigor router at home to connect to the server in the headquarter office
downtown via either HTTPS or VPN to check email and access internal database.
Meanwhile, children may chat on Skype in the restroom.
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1.
Go to Bandwidth Management>>Quality of Service.
2.
Click Setup link of WAN 1. Make sure the QoS Control on the left corner is checked.
And select BOTH in Direction.
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3.
Set Inbound/Outbound bandwidth.
Note: The rate of outbound/inbound must be smaller than the real bandwidth to
ensure correct calculation of QoS. It is suggested to set the bandwidth value for
inbound/outbound as 80% - 85% of physical network speed provided by ISP to
maximize the QoS performance.
4.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 1 by clicking Edit link. Type
the name “E-mail” for Class 1.
5.
For this index, the user will set reserved bandwidth (e.g., 25%) for E-mail using
protocol POP3 and SMTP.
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6.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 2 by clicking Edit link. In this
index, the user will set reserved bandwidth for HTTPS.
7.
Click Setup link for WAN1.
8.
Check Enable UDP Bandwidth Control on the bottom to prevent enormous UDP
traffic of VoIP influent other application. Click OK.
9.
If the worker has connected to the headquarter using host to host VPN tunnel. (Please
refer to Chapter 3 VPN for detail instruction), he may set up an index for it. Enter the
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Class Name of Index 3. In this index, he will set reserve bandwidth for 1 VPN tunnel.
10. Click Edit to open a new window.
11. First, check the ACT box. Then click Edit of Local Address to set a worker’s subnet
address. Click Edit of Remote Address to set headquarter’s subnet address. Leave
other fields and click OK.
4.4 LAN – Created by Using NAT
An example of default setting and the corresponding deployment are shown below. The
default Vigor router private IP address/Subnet Mask is 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0. The
built-in DHCP server is enabled so it assigns every local NATed host an IP address of
192.168.1.x starting from 192.168.1.10.
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You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT
usage.
To use another DHCP server in the network rather than the built-in one of Vigor Router, you
have to change the settings as show below.
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You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT
usage.
4.5 Calling Scenario for VoIP function
4.5.1 Calling via SIP Sever
Example 1: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from different service providers.
John’s SIP URL: [email protected], David’s SIP URL: [email protected]
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Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: [email protected]
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unhecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David --He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for David)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:[email protected]
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: iptel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: iptel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy:
unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John)
Example 2: Both John and David have SIP Addresses from the same service provider.
John’s SIP URL: [email protected] , David’s SIP URL: [email protected]
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Settings for John
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: David
SIP URL: [email protected]
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: draytel 1
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060 (default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: draytel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: John
Account Number/Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF --(Use default value)
John calls David
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for David)
Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 4321#. (David’s
Account Name)
Settings for David
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: John
SIP URL:[email protected]
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: John
Register via: Auto
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: draytel.org
Proxy: iptel.org
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: David
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: ****
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
David calls John
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John) Or,
He picks up the phone and dials 1234# (John’s
Account Name)
4.5.2 Peer-to-Peer Calling
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Example 3: Arnor and Paulin have Vigor routers respectively, they can call each other
without SIP Registrar. First they must have each other’s IP address and assign an Account
Name for the port used for calling.
Arnor’s SIP URL: [email protected]
Paulin’s SIP URL: [email protected] 203.69.175.24
Settings for Arnor
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number: 1111
Display Name: paulin
SIP URL: [email protected] 203.69.175.24
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Paulin
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Arnor
Account Name: 1234
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
Arnor calls Paulin
He picks up the phone and dials 1111#. (DialPlan
Phone Number for Arnor)
Settings for Paulin
DialPlan index 1
Phone Number:2222
Display Name: Arnor
SIP URL: [email protected]
SIP Accounts Settings --Profile Name: Arnor
Register via: None
SIP Port: 5060(default)
Domain/Realm: (blank)
Proxy: (blank)
Act as outbound proxy: unchecked
Display Name: Paulin
Account Name: 4321
Authentication ID: unchecked
Password: (blank)
Expiry Time: (use default value)
CODEC/RTP/DTMF--(Use default value)
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Paulin calls Arnor
He picks up the phone and dials 2222# (DialPlan
Phone Number for John)
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4.6 Upgrade Firmware for Your Router
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools.
1. Insert CD of the router to your CD ROM.
2. From the webpage, please find out Utility menu and click it.
3. On the webpage of Utility, click Install Now! (under Syslog description) to install the
corresponding program.
4. The file RTSxxx.exe will be asked to copy onto your computer. Remember the place of
storing the execution file.
5. Go to www.draytek.com to find out the newly update firmware for your router.
6. Access into Support Center >> Downloads. Find out the model name of the router and
click the firmware link. The Tools of Vigor router will display as shown below.
7. Choose the one that matches with your operating system and click the corresponding
link to download correct firmware (zip file).
8. Next, decompress the zip file.
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9. Double click on the icon of router tool. The setup wizard will appear.
10. Follow the onscreen instructions to install the tool. Finally, click Finish to end the
installation.
11. From the Start menu, open Programs and choose Router Tools XXX >> Firmware
Upgrade Utility.
12. Type in your router IP, usually 192.168.1.1.
13. Click the button to the right side of Firmware file typing box. Locate the files that you
download from the company web sites. You will find out two files with different
extension names, xxxx.all (keep the old custom settings) and xxxx.rst (reset all the
custom settings to default settings). Choose any one of them that you need.
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14. Click Send.
15. Now the firmware update is finished.
4.7 Request a certificate from a CA server on Windows CA
Server
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1.
Go to Certificate Management and choose Local Certificate.
2.
You can click GENERATE button to start to edit a certificate request. Enter the
information in the certificate request.
3.
Copy and save the X509 Local Certificate Requet as a text file and save it for later use.
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4.
Connect to CA server via web browser. Follow the instruction to submit the request.
Below we take a Windows 2000 CA server for example. Select Request a Certificate.
Select Advanced request.
Select Submit a certificate request a base64 encoded PKCS #10 file or a renewal
request using a base64 encoded PKCS #7 file
Import the X509 Local Certificate Requet text file. Select Router (Offline request) or
IPSec (Offline request) below.
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Then you have done the request and the server now issues you a certificate. Select Base
64 encoded certificate and Download CA certificate. Now you should get a certificate
(.cer file) and save it.
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5.
Back to Vigor router, go to Local Certificate. Click IMPORT button and browse the
file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished, click refresh
and you will find the below window showing “------BEGINE CERTIFICATE------.....”
6.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
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4.8 Request a CA Certificate and Set as Trusted on Windows
CA Server
1.
Use web browser connecting to the CA server that you would like to retrieve its CA
certificate. Click Retrive the CA certificate or certificate recoring list.
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2.
In Choose file to download, click CA Certificate Current and Base 64 encoded, and
Download CA certificate to save the .cer. file.
3.
Back to Vigor router, go to Trusted CA Certificate. Click IMPORT button and
browse the file to import the certificate (.cer file) into Vigor router. When finished,
click refresh and you will find the below illustration.
4.
You may review the detail information of the certificate by clicking View button.
Note: Before setting certificate configuration, please go to System Maintenance >>
Time and Date to reset current time of the router first.
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5
Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below
to check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
z
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
z
Pinging the router from your computer.
z
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
z
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “2.1 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“2.1 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure
the network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
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The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For MacOs
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure
IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might
need to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important
thing is that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the
IP address of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP
automatically. (Please refer to the section 4.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP). The
DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. It the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For MacOs (Terminal)
224
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. It the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Click WAN>> Internet Access and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
Click Details Page of WAN1/WAN2 to review the settings that you configured previously.
For PPPoE Users
1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if Username and Password are entered with correct values that you got from
your ISP.
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For Static/Dynamic IP Users
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1.
Check if the Enable option is selected.
2.
Check if IP address, Subnet Mask and Gateway are entered with correct values that
you got from your ISP.
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For PPTP Users
1.
Check if the Enable option for PPTP Link is selected.
2.
Check if PPTP Server, Username, Password and WAN IP address are set correctly
(must identify with the values from your ISP).
5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing. The
password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the router to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click OK. After few
seconds, the router will return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold
for more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the
button. Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer
If the router still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer
for further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
[email protected]
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