Rutland 504 Windcharger (12 V) Owners Manual - www.solar

Rutland 504 Windcharger (12 V) Owners Manual - www.solar
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Rutland 504 Windcharger (12 V)
Owners Manual
Installation and Operation
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Contents
Introduction
Page
Congratulations........................................................................................................3
Summary of Features and Uses................................................................................3
Profile and Dimensions............................................................................................3
General Guidelines and Warnings............................................................................4
Rutland 504 Layout as Supplied..............................................................................5
Other Items...............................................................................................................5
Installation
Twelve Step Quick Start Guide................................................................................6
Tail and Nose Assembly...........................................................................................7
Tower Preparation....................................................................................................7
Siting The Windcharger
General Considerations............................................................................................8
On Board Systems....................................................................................................9
Land Based Systems...............................................................................................11
Further System Requirements
Batteries..................................................................................................................12
Cable Specification.................................................................................................12
Assembly of In-Line Fuse Holder...........................................................................13
Charge Regulators and Wiring Schemes.................................................................14
Up and Running
Four Point Final Checklist......................................................................................15
Specification and Performance
Guideline Performance Curve................................................................................15
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Inspection and Maintenance...................................................................................16
Troubleshooting......................................................................................................17
For Your Records
Purchase Information.............................................................................................19
Limited Warranty....................................................................................................20
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Introduction
Congratulations and thank you for purchasing Marlec’s Rutland 504 Windcharger. This is
the latest technology for charging batteries in remote locations and is a development from
the successful Rutland 503.
It is strongly recommended that you read this manual and familiarise yourself with its
contents before installing and operating the Windcharger system.
Summary of Features and Uses
• Aerodynamically styled to maintain good wind flow to the turbine
• Long tail fin to maintain good orientation and stability in the wind
• High grade construction materials for durability with excellent UV stability
• Low wind speed start up turbine with “safety” halo
• Provides a DC power supply to charge 12V battery bank
• Designed for use on sailing yachts up to 10m & temporary/portable installations
for
camping, caravans and motorhomes
Note : There are other Rutland Windchargers designed for permanent installations on
land -contact Marlec or visit www.marlec.co.uk to find out more
Rutland 504 Profile & Dimensions
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
General Guidelines and Warnings
• Mounting
pole outside diameter MUST NOT exceed 38.1mm for at least the top 0.5m.
Larger section poles must not be used as this will reduce the tower to blade clearance.
In high wind conditions this could cause damage to the windcharger by allowing the
blade to come into contact with the mounting pole. A broken blade or rim will cause
turbine imbalance with consequent damage.
• When
turning, the Wind charger is capable of generating voltages in excess of the
nominal voltage. The turbine must never be allowed to rotate unless it is electrically
connected to a regulator or batteries. Avoid applying a short circuit to the Wind
charger particularly in high winds. If a short circuit is necessary first slow the turbine
as described below. Caution must be exercised at all times to avoid electric shock.
• Stopping
the turbine – this may be necessary to undertake battery maintenance. If the
regulator has a stop switch, apply this. If possible stopping the turbine should be
done in low wind speed conditions. The turbine can be slowed by rotating or orienting
the tail fin upwind, this will slow the turbine sufficiently for it to be safely secured to
the pole with a rope. Avoid leaving the turbine tied up for any period of time, we
recommend that the turbine either be covered or removed and stored in a dry location.
• No
attempt to repair the system should be made until the wind generator is restrained
from turning.
• The
Wind charger is fitted with ceramic magnets which can be damaged by heavy
handling. The main generator assembly should be treated with care during transit and
assembly.
• It
is essential to observe the correct polarity when connecting the Wind charger and
all other components into an electrical circuit. Reverse connection will damage the
Wind charger and incorrect installation will invalidate the warranty.
•
The fuse supplied must be fitted to protect the system unless used in conjunction with a
regulator or controller that is already fitted with a charge fuse.
•
High winds - the Rutland 504 Wind charger is suitable for sailing boats and some land
based applications. When storm winds are forecast the turbine can be restrained to
prevent possible high wind damage, eg from flying debris. It should be noted that
other Rutland Wind charger models namely Furlmatic versions, are specifically
designed for use at remote land based locations and are normally recommended. Note
that where the manufacturer recommends a furling type windcharger should have been
used the warranty is invalidated in cases of storm damage.
•
If in doubt, refer to your dealer, a competent electrical engineer or the manufacturer.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Rutland 504 Layout As Supplied
2
5
4
1
3
1. Nose Cone with 3 x snap rivets
2. Safety Turbine - The blades incorporating the outer ring must not be tampered with
or altered.
3. Post Adaptor Assembly - This fits into a pole of 31.7mm internal diameter and NO
MORE THAN 38.1mm external diameter.
4. Nacelle containing Windshaft Assembly.
5. Tail Fin Assembly with 2 x M6 x 10 Hex. Head screws, spring washers and plain
washers.
Other Items
Other items you will need :•mounting tower / pole and stays
•batteries and battery terminals
•connector blocks
•charge regulator from Marlec range
Check that you have also received :•1 x in line fuse holder and fuse
•1 x two way terminal block
•1 x 5 mm Allen key
• 2 x M8 x 16 Button cap screws
and
shakeproof washers ( for pole mounting )
Tools that you will need :• Suitable wire stripper
• Small terminal screwdriver
• 10 mm spanner or socket
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
Other items you may include :•ammeter
•voltmeter
5
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Twelve Step Quick Start Guide
1. Choose an open site to expose the Wind charger to a clear flow of wind and avoiding
obstructions. On board mount the Wind charger at least 2 metres above the deck and
on land at least 4 - 6 m high. Read the full section on Siting the Wind charger.
2. Choose a mounting pole with an internal diameter of 31.7 mm and external diameter
of no greater than 38.1 mm for the top 0.5 m to (i) prevent accidental damage and (ii)
meet warranty conditions.
3. Mount a charge regulator, from the Marlec range, to a suitable vertical surface and
close to the battery. Follow the instructions supplied with the charge regulator.
4. Drill the mounting pole, if required, in preparation to accept and secure the
Wind charger. See Assembly and Installation section.
5. Choose suitable two core cable to connect from the Wind charger to the regulator. Up
to 20 m this should be of at least 2.5 square-mm cross sectional area. A short section
of 4 square-mm cross sectional area is required to link the regulator to the battery.
For other distances see the table in Cable Specifications.
6. Position the mounting pole ( this may be done on the ground before raising the pole )
so that the selected cable can be threaded along it.
7. Fit the tail and nose to the Wind charger using fasteners provided.
8. Join the cable threaded through the pole to the Wind charger output cable using the
connector block provided or a latching plug and socket. We recommend looping back
the cable and securing with a cable tie to provide strain relief to the joint.
9. Carefully push the cables down the pole whilst sliding the post adaptor down the pole.
Line up the holes and secure in place with the screws and washers provided. Tighten
with the Allen key. Do not allow the turbine to spin in the wind.
10.Locate the charge regulator close to the battery and carefully follow ALL the
regulator guidelines and installation sequences for connecting the Wind charger
through to the battery. Note : Install the in-line fuse supplied with the Wind charger
ONLY if the regulator selected does not include a fuse.
11.Ensure that the battery connections are permanent as the Wind charger should
NEVER be operated without a connection to the battery.
12.Raise and secure the Wind charger. It can now be allowed to rotate. Follow the “ Up
and Running- Four Points Final Checklist” featured later. Also the “ General
Guidelines and Warnings” section expands on the above points.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
6
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Tail & Nose Assembly (Fig.1)
Fig 1 A
1. Place the generator, nose down, on a flat soft
surface.
Fig 1
2. Fit the tail into position on the protruding portion
of casting ,ensuring the holes in the casting align
with the corresponding holes in the tail fin.
3. Secure the Tail fin in position with the 2 M6
screws and washers, ensuring the plain washers
are against the tail fin.
Fig 1 B
4. Check tightness of all screws. (Do not overtighten).
5. Place the nose cone into position aligning the
holes and press the snap rivets into the holes to
secure.
Tower Preparation (Fig.2)
Fig 2
Post Adaptor →
40mm →
1. The post adapter fitted to the 504 is designed to fit
inside a standard 31.7mm internal diameter tube.
Max external diameter 38.1mm (1½”).
2. Mark and centre-punch two positions
diametrically opposite, at 90° to the pipe seam if
necessary, 40mm from top of the tube.
3. Drill two holes 8.5mm in diameter on centrepunch positions.
Note: When using the Rutland 504 Mounting Kits,
items 2 and 3 can be ignored, as these are predrilled.
Marlec Tower Options
•
•
•
•
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
Rutland 504 Marine Mounting Kit CA-12/01
Marine Stays Kit for use with Mount Kit
CA-12/32
Rutland 504 Land Tower & Rigging Kit for
temporary installations CA-12/12 & CA-12/13
Tube sections to adapt to own pole arrangement
— 1000mm CA-12/15 or 500mm CA-12/16
7
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Siting the Wind charger
General Considerations
The location and height of the mounting pole or tower for your wind turbine will be the
major factor in the overall performance of your system.
The smooth flow of wind over land and water is often interrupted by a multitude of
obstructions causing wind sheer and turbulence.
Wind sheer describes the interference between the fast moving upper air and the slow
moving air close to the ground and the resulting decrease in average wind speed as
one gets closer to the ground.
Turbulence is caused by the wind passing over obstructions such as moored boats,
trees and buildings.
Both wind sheer and turbulence diminish with height and can be overcome simply by
putting the turbine sufficiently high above them. It is therefore essential that the wind
generator should be located in an area as free as possible from disturbed wind flow.
Bear in mind that downwind obstructions can be as detrimental to performance as
upwind obstructions (Fig.3).
Fig 3
A REA O F T U RB U L EN C E
W IN D D IREC T IO N
2H
H
2H
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
20H
8
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
On Board Systems
Fig.4
•
The wind generator should be mounted at a safe
height, a minimum of 2 metres (6.5 feet) above
the deck and away from other obstacles which
could interfere with the blades or tail assembly
(Fig. 4).
•
The Rutland 504 is designed to fit inside an
aluminium or stainless steel tube with an internal
diameter of 31.7mm (11/4”). The external
diameter must not exceed 38.1mm (1½”),
see Warnings!
•
Suitable tube: 11/2“ 10 SWG aluminium or
Stainless Steel 35mm x 1.5mm.
•
The Rutland 504 Mounting Kit (Part No:
CA-12/01) is available for deck mounting or
short sections of stainless steel tube of 500mm &
1m pre-drilled are available to adapt to your own
fabrication.
The following mountings are suggested according
to user installation preference and site conditions:
Fig.5
Pushpit (Fig.5)
A suitable pole mounted to the deck with deck
plates and rigid guys is the most popular method
of mounting the Wind charger on yachts,
e.g. Rutland 504 Marine Mounting Kit CA-12/01
and Marine Stays Kit CA-12/32 available from
Marlec.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Fig.6
Fig.6
Installation and Operation
Mizzen (Fig.6)
Mizzen mounting is suitable on larger yachts,
taking advantage of greater wind flow the higher
the wind turbine is mounted.
Fig.7
River Boats (Fig.7)
A pivot pole is ideal for river boats as the
Wind charger can easily be raised and lowered.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Land Based Systems
Fig.8
Fig.8
The Rutland 504 is designed to fit inside an
aluminium or stainless steel tube with an internal
diameter of 31.7mm (11/4”). Max external
diameter 38.1mm (1½”).
Pivot type towers are recommended as these
allow for easier installation and lowering for
access to the wind generator. Two forms
of pivot tower are suggested in Figs 8 & 9.
Centre Pivoted Pole
Fig.9
Fig.9
A portable Land Tower and Rigging Kit is
available from Marlec. Part Nos: CA-12/12
& CA-12/13
A suitable mounting pole can be erected using a
6.5 metre (21 feet) length of 50mm (2”)
galvanised water pipe adapted down to 31.7mm
for a minimum length of 500mm at the top
section. The tube must be supported by a
minimum of two sets of three guy lines. The
attachment points for the guy lines to the tower
should be securely fixed to the tower. Follow
these guidelines:
• The
Base Pivoted Pole
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
guy wires should be a minimum of 3mm in
diameter.
• The shackles should be a minimum of 5mm in
diameter.
• Rigging screws should be a minimum of 5mm
in diameter.
• All items should be galvanised or stainless steel
for protection against corrosion.
• Where guy lines are looped, the loop must
incorporate a thimble and be fitted with a
minimum of three rope grips.
• All ground fixings must be made suitable
according to the terrain.
11
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Further System Requirements
Batteries
Total = 12v
120Ah
1440Wh
Leisure/Deep Cycle batteries are specifically
designed for good performance in terms of
charge/discharge cycles. Batteries are an
important part of the renewable energy battery
charging system and should be sized according to
the load requirements and provide at least 3 days
reserve capacity. This will reduce cycling,
prolong the life of the battery and ensure system
reliability during periods of low wind.
12v
60Ah
12v
60Ah
Batteries in parallel to increase
ampere hours (Fig.10).
Note : Batteries must not be joined
in series as this will increase the
voltage
Permanent connections should always be made
to the battery terminals. Never use crocodile clips
or similar devices. Battery terminals should be
well greased with petroleum jelly or similar.
•
We strongly recommend that one of the charge
regulators available from Marlec is fitted to
prevent batteries becoming overcharged in strong
winds and during low energy consumption
periods. A regulator is essential where gel and
sealed batteries are used.
•
Batteries may be linked as shown in the Fig 10.
It is essential to observe polarity as follows:
•
Red is + Positive
Fig 11
Cable
Run (m)
0-20
21-30
31-45
46-80
Cable Size
(mm²) SWG AWG
2.5
4
6
10
15
13
11
9
13
11
9
7
Black is - Negative
Cable Specification
The cable used for connection of the Wind
charger to the batteries should be in accordance
with Fig 11. The use of a smaller cable than recommended will reduce the performance of the
charging system.
Cable and connectors are available from your
dealer or the manufacturer.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Assembly of the In-Line Fuse Holder
Note: It is not necessary to fit the in-line fuse holder
and 7.5A fuse if the selected voltage regulator has an
integral fuse.
Each Pack consists of: Item 1 & 2
One Plastic Holder.
Item 3
Two Electrical Connections.
Item 4
One Spring.
Item 5
One Fuse.
Assemble the fuse into the holder as follows:
1. Select a suitable position to mount the in-line fuse, this
should be in the positive lead between the regulator
and the battery.
2. Pass the positive wire from the battery through one
half of the plastic holder and the positive from the
regulator through the other half. (1 & 2) See Fig.12.
3. Place the spring over the cable inside the longer (1) of
the two plastic holders. See Fig.12.
4. Bare a small amount of wire from the ends of the
cables, twist the copper wire crimp and solder the
electrical connections (3) onto the ends.
5. Insert the fuse and twist the two halves of the holder
together to complete the electrical circuit. See Fig.13.
2
3
5
3
4
1
Fig. 12
Note: When fully assembled please ensure the electrical
connections make direct contact with the fuse.
Fig. 13
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Rutland 504 Wiring Schemes
Fig 12
Rutland 504 & HRS503
Regulator with Solar Module
(max solar panel rating 80W. NB a
diode must be fitted to the solar
In-line fuse
Fig 14
HRDi Controller Option
Fig 13
Rutland 504 & HRSi Regulator
with Solar Module(max solar panel
rating 80W. NB a diode must be
fitted to the solar panel)
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Up and Running
Four Point Final Checklist
Before raising and securing the wind generator :
1.Check the tightness of tail fixing screws and generator mounting screws.
2.Check free rotation of the hub and yaw axis.
3.Check that the cable is not trapped.
4.Check that all electrical connections are secure and safe.
The wind generator can now be raised into position.
Take care to avoid all moving parts when raising and lowering the wind generator.
When raised, secure the structure firmly in an upright position.
The performance of your Wind charger can be impaired if the pole is not vertical.
Specification and Performance
Guideline Performance Curve
Note : The curve shown below is for clear, non-turbulent wind conditions; this may not
be achieved in some installations. Refer to the section on Siting to optimise
performance at your site. Wind speeds are in situ of the Wind charger and may not
reflect those measured at mast top or those reported by the Met. Office.
Charge into 12v battery (Amperes)
6.0
5.0
WINDSPEED CONVERSION:
MPH = KNOTS x 1.15
M/S = KNOTS x 0.515
4.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Windspeed (Knots)
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Inspection and Maintenance
The Rutland 504 requires no scheduled maintenance but an annual inspection should be
carried out to monitor the general condition of the system to ensure the electrical and
mechanical integrity and safety of the system.
WARNING! Before inspection, the turbine should either be lowered to the ground or tied
to prevent the generator from turning. To stop the generator from turning proceed as
follows:
•Turn the wind generator out of the wind (180°) using the tail. A hole is provided
in the tail fin to assist in this. The generator will eventually slow down.
• Tie a blade to the mounting pole to prevent it from rotating.
Whilst the generator is stationary, the following routine checks should be performed:
1.Check all nuts, bolts and screws for tightness.
2.Check the yaw axis for free rotation.
3.Check tower assembly for condition.
4 .Check the tension of the guy wires if applicable. The tension of guy wires should
be checked frequently during the first year.
5.The unit can be wiped with a mild detergent and rinsed with water to remove
dirt and debris.
Note : The Wind charger is designed for continuous running, this achieves maximum
resistance to water ingress, should the unit be restrained for any extended period it
is recommended that it be covered or removed to a dry location.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Trouble Shooting
In the unlikely event that your Rutland 504 should develop a defect, the turbine should
first be tied to prevent the blades from turning to perform the static tests below. (Follow
the procedure described in the Inspection and Maintenance section). It will be necessary
to let it run for the tests to check for power production.
1. Read the 12 Steps Quick Start Guide and Up and Running sections and be
satisfied that your system complies.
2. Is there sufficient wind? The Rutland 504 needs 5 knots wind speed to start
charging. The wind speed across the turbine blades may be greatly reduced in
a marina or built-up area compared with the reading on a masthead anemometer
or weather reports.
3. Static Tests:
• Is the battery in good condition? Check the voltage and electrolyte level of
each battery.
• Check electrical continuity throughout the system, especially corrosion
and poor connections in cable joins and connector blocks.
4. Running Tests:
• Check for power output from the windcharger following this procedure:
A Set a digital multi-meter to DC Amps, scale of up to 5A or less if possible. Connect
the meter positive (+) probe to the wind gen output positive cable and the meter
negative (-) to the regulator input positive. Provided there is sufficient wind there
should be a current reading. This establishes that power is being delivered.
B Using the same multi-meter setting as above measure between the “regulator to
battery” + and the battery +. Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a
current reading. This establishes if power is passing through the regulator.
C If both above are unsuccessful set the multi-meter to DC Volts. Disconnect the wind
generator from the regulator and connect the meter + to the wind gen + and the meter
– to the wind gen -. Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a variable
voltage reading according to the speed of the wind seen at the wind turbine. This will
establish if the wind generator is able to deliver power or not.
D If tests A and C are successful but test B fails to produce results connect the wind
gen directly to the battery. Set the digital multi-meter to DC Amps and measure
power between the wind gen + and the battery +. If a reading is measured, providing
there is sufficient wind, then the regulator is faulty.
E If the wind turbine fails to deliver any current or open circuit V reading undertake the
further tests below.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
5.Mechanical inspection. It may be necessary to remove the Wind charger from its
pole for the following tests.
A Check the brushes and slip ring for wear or damage.
•To inspect the brushes, remove the tail fin and the plastic nacelle.
•The brushes can be inspected by removing the caps from the brush holders &
withdrawing the brushes.
• Heavy deposits on the slipping and reduced power indicate a possible reverse
connection to the battery. Clean the slipping with fine glass paper and fit new
brushes.
B Check hub for free rotation with generator disconnected from battery.
•If the hub does not rotate freely, check for a possible short circuit in the wiring.
•If no wiring fault is found refer to your dealer or manufacturer.
If the above checks have identified a need for spare parts or failed to identify the
problem you should contact Marlec who can advise you of your nearest distributor in
their world wide network. In the first instance we recommend that you contact the
company from whom the product was originally purchased.
If in doubt, refer to your dealer or manufacturer.
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
For Your Records
For your future reference we recommend you note the following:
Serial Number:
Date of Purchase:
Date of Installation:
Type of Regulator:
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 504 Windcharger
Installation and Operation
Limited Warranty
The Marlec Engineering Company Limited Warranty provides free
replacement cover for all defects in parts and workmanship for 12 months from
the date of purchase. Marlec's obligation in this respect is limited to replacing
parts which have been promptly reported to the seller and are in the seller’s
opinion defective and are so found by Marlec upon inspection. A valid proof of
purchase will be required if making a warranty claim.
Defective parts must be returned by prepaid post to the manufacturer Marlec
Engineering Company Limited, Rutland House, Trevithick Road, Corby,
Northamptonshire, NN17 5XY, England, or to an authorised Marlec agent.
This Warranty is void in the event of improper installation, owner neglect,
misuse, damage caused by flying debris or natural disasters including lightning
and hurricane force winds. This warranty does not extend to support posts,
inverters, batteries or ancillary equipment not supplied by the manufacturer.
No responsibility is assumed for incidental damage. No responsibility is
assumed for consequential damage. No responsibility is assumed for damage
caused by the use of any unauthorised components.
No responsibility is assumed for use of a non "furling" versions of the Rutland
Wind charger where Marlec or one of its authorised agents finds that a
generator incorporating a furling device should have been used.
Manufactured in the UK by
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland House,
Trevithick Rd,
Corby, Northants,
NN17 5XY UK
Tel: +44 (0)1536 201588 Fax: +44 (0)1536 400211
Email: [email protected]
www.marlec.co.uk
Doc No SM-150 Issue A 28.02.09
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Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
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