Specifications Guide
Specifications Guide
Agilent CSA Spectrum Analyzer
Manufacturing Part Number: N1996-90021
Printed in USA
March 2007
© Copyright 2006, 2007 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
The information in this document is subject to change without notice.
Agilent Technologies makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this material, including
but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular
purpose. Agilent Technologies shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, performance, or use
of this material.
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies instrument product is warranted against defects in material and
workmanship for a period of one year from date of shipment. During the warranty period,
Agilent Technologies will, at its option, either repair or replace products that prove to be
defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a service facility
designated by Agilent Technologies. Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to Agilent
Technologies and Agilent Technologies shall pay shipping charges to return the product to
Buyer. However, Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties, and taxes for products
returned to Agilent Technologies from another country.
Agilent Technologies warrants that its software and firmware designated by Agilent
Technologies for use with an instrument will execute its programming instructions when
properly installed on that instrument. Agilent Technologies does not warrant that the
operation of the instrument, or software, or firmware will be uninterrupted or error-free.
Limitation of Warranty
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate
maintenance by Buyer, Buyer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification
or misuse, operation outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or
improper site preparation or maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES
SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
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Exclusive Remedies
THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
Where to Find the Latest Information
Documentation is updated periodically. For the latest information about Agilent CSA
spectrum analyzers, including firmware upgrades and application information, see:
http://www.agilent.com/find/csa
Chapter 2
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Table of Contents
1
CSA Specifications ....................................................................................................9
Definitions and Requirements ............................................................................................ 10
1.1
Definitions.............................................................................................................. 10
1.2
Conditions Required to Meet Specifications ........................................................ 10
1.3
Certification ........................................................................................................... 10
Frequency ............................................................................................................................. 11
Frequency Range.............................................................................................................. 11
Frequency Reference (10 MHz) ....................................................................................... 11
Frequency Readout Accuracy .......................................................................................... 11
Frequency Span................................................................................................................ 11
Sweep and Trace Update Time........................................................................................ 12
Trace Points...................................................................................................................... 12
Trigger .............................................................................................................................. 13
Resolution Bandwidth (RBW) ......................................................................................... 14
Video Bandwidth (VBW) ................................................................................................. 15
Stability ............................................................................................................................ 15
Amplitude ............................................................................................................................. 17
Measurement Range ........................................................................................................ 17
Maximum Safe Input Level ............................................................................................. 17
1-dB Gain Compression ................................................................................................... 17
ADC Over Range .............................................................................................................. 17
Displayed Average Noise Level (DANL) ......................................................................... 18
Display Range .................................................................................................................. 18
Marker Readout Resolution............................................................................................. 18
Reference Level ................................................................................................................ 19
Frequency Response......................................................................................................... 19
Scale Fidelity .................................................................................................................... 20
Bandwidth Switching Uncertainty ................................................................................. 20
Attenuator Switching Uncertainty.................................................................................. 20
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy ......................................................................................... 20
Overall Amplitude Accuracy............................................................................................ 21
95% Confidence Absolute Amplitude Uncertainty ......................................................... 21
RF Input VSWR ............................................................................................................... 22
Second Harmonic Distortion............................................................................................ 22
Third Order Intermodulation Distortion (TOI) .............................................................. 22
Residual Responses.......................................................................................................... 22
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Spurious Responses.......................................................................................................... 23
Power Measurements .......................................................................................................... 24
Channel Power ................................................................................................................. 24
Occupied Bandwidth (OBW)............................................................................................ 24
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP) ...................................................................................... 24
Hardware Options................................................................................................................ 26
Preamplifier (Options P03/P06) ..................................................................................... 26
General ................................................................................................................................. 27
Calibration Cycle.............................................................................................................. 27
Environmental Conditions............................................................................................... 27
Acoustic Emissions (ISO 7779)........................................................................................ 27
EMI Compatibility ........................................................................................................... 27
Immunity Testing ............................................................................................................ 27
Power Requirements ........................................................................................................ 27
Data Storage..................................................................................................................... 28
Display .............................................................................................................................. 28
Weight............................................................................................................................... 28
Cabinet Dimensions ......................................................................................................... 28
Front Panel Inputs & Outputs ............................................................................................ 29
RF Input ........................................................................................................................... 29
Probe Power Output......................................................................................................... 29
Tracking Generator Output............................................................................................. 29
USB ................................................................................................................................... 29
Rear Panel Inputs & Outputs ............................................................................................. 30
USB-A ............................................................................................................................... 30
LAN................................................................................................................................... 30
Timing LAN Opt............................................................................................................... 30
10 MHz Reference Out..................................................................................................... 30
External Reference Input ................................................................................................ 30
External Trigger Input .................................................................................................... 31
GPS Antenna Input.......................................................................................................... 31
Kensington Security Slot ................................................................................................. 31
Regulatory Information ....................................................................................................... 32
Compliance with German Noise Requirements ................................................................. 33
Acoustic Noise Emission/Geraeuschemission................................................................. 33
Compliance with Canadian EMC Requirements ............................................................... 33
Declaration of Conformity ................................................................................................... 33
2
Stimulus Response Measurement Suite (N8995A)...............................................35
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Stimulus/Response .............................................................................................................. 36
Frequency Range.............................................................................................................. 36
Directivity......................................................................................................................... 36
Source match (RF Output)............................................................................................... 36
Frequency Resolution ...................................................................................................... 36
Return Loss (RF Output) ................................................................................................. 37
Insertion Loss ................................................................................................................... 38
Distance to Fault (Port 1) ................................................................................................ 38
3
AM/FM Modulation Analysis Measurement Suite (N8996A) .................................39
AM Demodulation ................................................................................................................ 40
Input Power Range .......................................................................................................... 40
Carrier Frequency Range ................................................................................................ 40
Demodulation Bandwidth................................................................................................ 40
Max Capture Memory ...................................................................................................... 40
Max Capture Time ........................................................................................................... 40
Modulation Rate Range ................................................................................................... 40
Modulation Rate Accuracy............................................................................................... 41
Modulation Depth Range................................................................................................. 41
AM Depth Accuracy, ......................................................................................................... 41
Modulation Distortion Floor ............................................................................................ 41
Residual AM (50 Hz to 3 kHz BW).................................................................................. 41
Detectors........................................................................................................................... 41
Burst/Sync Search............................................................................................................ 41
SINAD Accuracy............................................................................................................... 41
FM Demodulation ................................................................................................................ 42
Input Power Range .......................................................................................................... 42
Carrier Frequency Range ................................................................................................ 42
Demodulation Bandwidth................................................................................................ 42
Max Capture Memory ...................................................................................................... 42
Max Capture Time ........................................................................................................... 42
Modulation Rate Range ................................................................................................... 42
Modulation Rate Accuracy............................................................................................... 43
Peak Deviations................................................................................................................ 43
FM Deviation Accuracy, ................................................................................................... 43
Modulation Distortion Floor ............................................................................................ 43
Detectors........................................................................................................................... 43
Burst/Sync Search............................................................................................................ 43
SINAD Accuracy............................................................................................................... 43
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1 CSA Specifications
Chapter 2
9
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Definitions and Requirements
This book contains specifications and supplemental information for the Agilent CSA
spectrum analyzers. The distinction among specifications, typical performance, and
nominal values are described as follows.
1.1
Definitions
•
Specifications describe the performance of parameters covered by the product
warranty (temperature = 0 to 50°C, unless otherwise noted).
•
Typical describes additional product performance information that is not covered by
the product warranty. It is performance beyond specification that 80% of the units
exhibit with a 95% confidence level over the temperature range 20 to 30° C. Typical
performance does not include measurement uncertainty.
•
Nominal values indicate expected performance, or describe product performance that
is useful in the application of the product, but is not covered by the product warranty.
The following conditions must be met for the analyzer to meet its specifications.
1.2
Conditions Required to Meet Specifications
•
The analyzer is within its calibration cycle. See the General section.
•
At least 2 hours of storage or operation at the operating temperature.
•
Analyzer has been turned on at least 30 minutes.
1.3
Certification
Agilent Technologies certifies that this product met its published specifications at the time
of shipment from the factory. Agilent Technologies further certifies that its calibration
measurements are traceable to the United States National Institute of Standards and
Technology, to the extent allowed by the Institute’s calibration facility, and to the
calibration facilities of other International Standards Organization members.
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Frequency
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Frequency Range
Option 503
100 kHz to 3 GHz
Option 506
100 kHz to 6 GHz
Frequency Reference (10 MHz)
≤ ± 5 ppm
Within two years of
adjustment
Aging Rate (25 °C)
≤ ± 2 ppm/year
≤ ± 5 ppm/10 years nominal
Temperature Stability (0-50 °C)
≤ ± 1 ppm
Accuracy
Frequency Readout Accuracy
(start, stop, center, marker)
± (freq indication ×
frequency reference
accuracy + 1% × Span +
10% × RBW + 0.5 ×
horizontal resolution +
1Hz) a
Horizontal resolution =
span/(sweep points −1)
Frequency Span
Range
0 Hz (zero span), 1 kHz to
maximum frequency
Resolution
1 kHz
Accuracy
± span / (sweep points –1)
a. Formula applies for RBW < 5 MHz
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Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Sweep and Trace Update Time
Sweep Time Setting Range
(Zero Span)
Minimum
Maximum of 2/RBW or 1us
Maximum
Minimum of 102,400/RBW
or 10s, but never less than
27.3 ms
Sweep Time Setting Range a
(Span > 0, Manual coupled)
Settability of manuallycoupled sweep time in nonzero span is dependent upon
the RBW, VBW, span,
detector, and sweep points.
Minimum
8.6ms or autocoupled
sweeptime, whichever is
greater
Maximum
4000 s
Remote Sweep and Trace Transfer
Speed (auto range off)
b
RBW auto-coupled, 501 pts
Span = 0 Hz
120 ms minimum
Span ≤ 100 MHz
300 ms
Trace Points
Settable, 2 to 1001
Defaults to 401
a. Manually-coupled sweep times are only available in non-zero spans with firmware revision ≥ A.02.00. Firmware
revisions < A.02.00 only provide auto coupled sweep times in non-zero spans.
b. The maximum sweep time is highly dependent upon the combination of span, RBW, VBW, and sweep points. As
a result, there will be situations where a sweep time of 4000 s is not possible.
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CSA Specifications
Description
Trigger
Trigger Resolution
Specification
Supplemental Information
Free run, External, RF
burst, Video
133.33 nsec or 1/( 2×RBW)
Delayed Trigger
(external, RF burst, Video)
Range
-10 s to 10 s
Resolution
1 us
RBW and VBW dependent
RF Burst
Min Trigger Level (0 dB atten)
1 GHz, preamp off
−29 dBm, nominal
2.7 GHz, preamp off
−35 dBm, nominal
1 GHz, preamp on
−51 dBm, nominal
2.7 GHz, preamp on
−53 dBm, nominal
Resolution
Chapter 2
0.1 dB
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Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Resolution Bandwidth (RBW)
Range (−3 dB bandwidth)
Non-zero Spans
Firmware Revision ≤ A.01.99
Firmware Revision ≥ A.02.00
Zero Span
10 Hz to 200 kHz in 1%
settability (1 Hz minimum
settability); 250 kHz, 300
kHz, 500 kHz, 1 MHz, 3
MHz, and 5 MHz
Step keys and knob change
RBW in 1-3-10 sequence
10 Hz to 200 kHz in 10%
settability, 24 steps per
decade, in the following
sequence: 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3,
1.5, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.4,
2.7, 3.0, 3.3, 3.6, 3.9, 4.3,
4.7, 5.1, 5.6, 6.2, 6.8, 7.5,
8.2, 9.1,10; and 240 kHz,
300 kHz, 510 kHz, 1 MHz,
3 MHz, 5 MHz
Step keys and knob change
RBW in 1-3-10 sequence
Maximum Span/RBW ratio is
5×107
Maximum Span/RBW ratio is
5×107
3 kHz to 5 MHz in 1-3-5
sequence , 240 kHz,
1.2 a MHz
Accuracy (3 dB Bandwidth)
RBW ≤ 200 kHz
Zero Span
< 2% nominal
Span > 0
< 7% nominal
RBW = 240 kHz, 250 kHza, 300
kHz, 1 MHz, 3 MHz
Zero Span
< 5% nominal
Span > 0
< 5% nominal
RBW = 5 MHz
Zero Span
< 14% nominal
Span > 0
< 14% nominal
Selectivity
(60 dB/ 3 dB bandwidth ratio)
Digital, Approximately
Guasian shape
RBW ≤ 10 kHz
Zero Span
< 6.5:1 nominal
Span > 0
< 8.4:1 nominal
10 kHz < RBW ≤ 200 kHz
Zero Span
14
< 3:1 nominal
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Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Span > 0
RBW ≥ 240
< 8.4:1 nominal
kHz b
Zero Span
< 4.5:1 nominal
Span > 0
< 4.5:1 nominal
Video Bandwidth (VBW)
c
Range
1 Hz to 8 MHz and 50 MHz
(wide open)
Settability
1 Hz to 10 Hz in 1 Hz
increments; 10 Hz to 3 MHz
in 10% steps, 24 steps per
decade, in the following
sequence: 1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3,
1.5, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.4, 2.7,
3.0, 3.3, 3.6, 3.9, 4.3, 4.7, 5.1,
5.6, 6.2, 6.8, 7.5, 8.2, 9.1,10;
and 4, 5, 6, 8 and 50 MHz
RBW dependent
a. For firmware revision <A.02.00, the 240 kHz and 1.2 MHz RBWs are replaced by the 250 kHz and 1.25 MHz
RBWs, respectively.
b. For firmware revision <A.02.00, the 240 kHz RBW is replaced by the 250 kHz RBW.
c. Video Bandwidth (VBW) is only available in firmware revisions ≥A.02.00
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Stability
Noise Sidebands
10 kHz offset
<500 MHz
<−83 dBc/Hz typicsl
500 MHz to 2.5 GHz
<−85 dBc/Hz typical
2.5 GHz to 6 GHz
<−82 dBc/Hz typical
1 MHz offset
10 MHz to 2.2 GHz
−124 dBc/Hz nominal
2.7 GHz to 4.8 GHz)
−124 dBc/Hz nominal
10 MHz to 6 GHz
−122 dBc/Hz nominal
Residual FM
<15 Hz p-p in 1 sec, 1 GHz
center freq, 10 Hz RBW,
internal ref a, characteristic
a. Performance typically degrades when using an external reference
Chapter 2
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CSA Specifications
Nominal Phase Noise at 1 GHz
Phase Noise @ 1GHz
-80
-90
-100
dBc/Hz
-110
-120
-130
-140
-150
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
Frequency Offset (kHz)
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CSA Specifications
Amplitude
Description
Specification
Measurement Range
Displayed Average Noise
Level to Maximum Safe
Input Level
Input Attenuator Range
0 to 40 dB in 1 dB steps
Supplemental Information
Maximum Safe Input Level
Average Continuous Power
(Input attenuation ≥ 19 dB)
+33 dBm
Peak Pulse Power
(for < 10 µsec pulse width,
<1% duty cycle, and input
attenuation ≥ 19 dB)
+40 dBm
DC
50 Vdc
1-dB Gain Compression
(Two-tone test, spacing >15 MHz)
Input Level, 0 dB Attenuation
Preamplifier Off
13 dBm at 1 GHz, nominal
Preamplifier On
(Options P03/P06)
−10 dBm at 1 GHz, nominal
ADC Over Range
Maximum mixer level a
−3 dBm at 1 GHz
characteristic b
a. Input mixer level = RF input level – input attenuation + preamplifier gain
b. ADC over range limit will vary with frequency.
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Displayed Average Noise Level
(DANL)
(10 Hz RBW, VBW auto coupled a,
50 Ω termination on input, 0 dB
attenuation, sample detector, 25
averages)
100 kHz to 500 kHz
< −80 dBm nominal
500 kHz to 1 MHz
< -95 dBm
1 MHz to 10 MHz
< -110 dBm
10 MHz to 50 MHz
< -125 dBm
50 MHz to 2.7 GHz
< −123 + 3.79 × (frequency
in GHz – 1 GHz)
< −128 + 3.79 × (frequency in
GHz – 1 GHz) typical
2.7 GHz to 6 GHz
< −125 + 3.37 × (frequency
in GHz – 2.7 GHz)
< −131 + 3.37 × (frequency in
GHz – 2.7 GHz) typical
Preamplifier On
(Options P03/P06)
100 kHz to 500 kHz
< −90 dBm nominal
500 kHz to 1 MHz
< -115 dBm
1 MHz to 10 MHz
< -130 dBm
10 MHz to 50 MHz
< -145 dBm
50 MHz to 2.7 GHz
< −143 + 3.66 × (frequency
in GHz – 1 GHz)
< −146 + 3.66 × (frequency in
GHz – 1 GHz) typical
2.7 GHz to 6 GHz
< −141 + 2.63 × (frequency
in GHz – 2.7 GHz)
< −145 + 2.63 × (frequency in
GHz – 2.7 GHz) typical
Display Range
Log Scale
Ten divisions displayed;
1 dB/div to 20 dB/div in
1 dB steps
Linear Scale
Ten divisions
Scale Units
dBm, dBmV, dBμV, W, V, A
Marker Readout Resolution
Log Scale
±0.01 dB
Linear Scale
±0.01 % of ref level
a. Video BW (VBW) is only available with firmware revisions ≥ A.02.00.
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Reference Level
Range
100 dBm to −150 dBm
Resolution
Log Scale
0.1 dB
Linear Scale
0.2 % of reference level
Accuracy
0 dB a
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Frequency Response b
(relative to 50 MHz, 10 dB
attenuation)
100 kHz to 250 kHz
20 to 30 °C
±1.50 dB
0 to 55 °C
±1.61 dB
250 kHz to 10 MHz
20 to 30 °C
±0.70 dB
0 to 55 °C
±0.75 dB
10 MHz to 1 GHz
20 to 30 °C
±0.44 dB
0 to 55 °C
±0.53 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
20 to 30 °C
±0.60 dB
0 to 55 °C
±0.88 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
20 to 30 °C
±0.69 dB
0 to 55 °C
±1.20 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
20 to 30 °C
±1.12 dB
0 to 55 °C
±1.60 dB
a. Because reference level affects only the display, not the measurement, it causes no additional error in
measurement results from trace data or markers.
b. For 240 kHz to 3 MHz RBW, add the following uncertainty: ± 1.2 × A2, where A = Span/(100 × RBW) ,
maximum 0.5. Specification does not apply for RBW = 5 MHz.
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Scale Fidelity
(relative to the reference condition
of −10 dBm at the input mixer)
Input Mixer Level a
−10 dBm to −80 dBm
20 to 30 °C
±0.20 dB
0 to 55 °C
±0.25 dB
Bandwidth Switching Uncertainty
(at tuned frequency, 10 Hz to 3
MHz RBW, referenced to 1 kHz
RBW)
20 to 30 °C
±0.32 dB
0 to 55 °C
±0.45 dB
Attenuator Switching Uncertainty
(relative to the 10 dB attenuator
setting)
< 0.18 dB nominal
Absolute Amplitude Accuracy
(peak detector, preamplifier off,
input signal 0 dBm to −50 dBm, 10
dB Attenuation, 1 kHz RBW)
At 50 MHz reference
20 to 30 °C
± 0.38 dB
0 to 55 °C
± 0.60 dB
a. Input mixer level = RF input level – input attenuation + preamplifier gain
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Overall Amplitude Accuracy
(peak detector, preamplifier off,
input signal 0 dBm to −50 dBm,
10 dB Attenuation, RBW < 3
MHz)
20 to 30 °C
100 kHz to 250 kHz
± 2.40 dB
250 kHz to 10 MHz
± 1.54 dB
10 MHz to 1 GHz
± 1.34 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
± 1.51 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
± 1.60 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
± 2.02 dB
0 to 55 °C
100 kHz to 250 kHz
± 3.00 dB
250 kHz to 10 MHz
± 2.03 dB
10 MHz to 1 GHz
± 1.83 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
± 2.18 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
± 2.50 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
± 2.90 dB
95% Confidence Absolute
Amplitude Uncertainty a
(20 to 30 °C degrees, peak
detector, preamplifier off, input
signal 0 dBm to −50 dBm, RBW ≤
3 MHz)
10 MHz to 1 GHz
± 0.53 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
± 0.59 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
± 0.64 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
± 0.76 dB
a. Absolute Amplitude Accuracy for a wide range of signal and measurement settings, with 95% confidence,
attenuation settings and frequency ranges shown. The value given is computed from the observations
of a statistically significant number of instruments. The computation includes the root-sum-squaring of these
terms: the absolute amplitude accuracy observed at 50 MHz, the frequency response relative to 50 MHz, RBW
switching uncertainty, the attenuation switching uncertainty relative to 10 dB at 50 MHz, and the
measurement uncertainties of these observations.
To that root-sum-squaring result is added the environmental effects of 20 to 30 °C variation. The 95th
percentiles are determined with 95% confidence.
Chapter 2
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
RF Input VSWR
(at tuned frequency)
Attenuator Setting
10 dB
100 kHz to 1 GHz
≤ 1.2:1 nominal
1 GHz to 4 GHz
≤ 1.4:1 nominal
4 GHz to 6 GHz
≤ 1.8:1 nominal
≥ 19 dB
100 kHz to 1.7 GHz
≤ 1.2:1 nominal
1.7 GHz to 4 GHz
≤ 1.3:1 nominal
4 GHz to 6 GHz
≤ 1.6:1 nominal
Second Harmonic Distortion
(Measurement conditions:)
<700 MHz
< −60 dBc for −30 dBm signal
at input mixer, +30 dBm SHI, nominal
>700 MHz
<−75 dBc for −30 dBm signal
at input mixer, +45 dBm SHI, nominal
Third Order Intermodulation
Distortion (TOI)
+18 dBm (nominal)
Residual Responses
(0 dB input attenuation, no signal at
input, input terminated in 50Ω, RBW
<= 10 kHz, VBW a autocoupled, peak
detection)
< −90 dBm, nominal with exceptions as
noted below
Serial numbers < MY47050000,
SG47050000, or US47050000
Frequency = 10 MHz × N, where N
= integer from 1 to 40
< −70 dBm, nominal
Serial numbers ≥ MY47050000,
SG47050000, or US47050000
Frequency
280 MHz
3660 MHz
3840 MHz
RBW
5 MHz
1 kHz
1 kHz, 3 kHz
<-65 dBm, nominal
< -88 dBm, nominal
< -88 dBm, nominal
a. Video BW (VBW) is only available with firmware revisions ≥ A.02.00.
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CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
< −60 dBc, nominal with exceptions as
noted below, internal betteries not
being charged.
Spurious Responses
Input Mixer level −10 dBm
First IF Image Response
RFsig=RFtune + 2 × 3435 MHz
for RFtune 1.7 to 2.7 GHz
< −55 dBc, nominal
RFsig=RFtune + 2 × 765 MHz
for RFtune > 2.7 GHz
< −55 dBc, nominal
Highband ½ IF Spur
RFsig=RFtune + 765 MHz/2 for
RFtune > 2.7 GHz
< −50 dBc, nominal
First IF Subharmonic
RFsig=3435 MHz/2
< −40 dBc, nominal
Nominal Dynamic Range
Characteristic Dynamic range
Mixer Level
-109 -104 -99 -94 -89 -84 -79 -74 -69 -64 -59 -54 -49 -44 -39 -34 -29 -24 -19 -14
-9
-4
1
6
11
16
-10
Third Order Intermodulation Distortion
-20
Second Harmoni Distortion, < 700 MHz
-30
DANL 2.7 GHz, 10 Hz RBW
-40
DANL 6 GHz, 10 Hz RBW
dBc
-50
-60
DANL 100 MHz, 10 Hz RBW
-70
DANL 1 GHz, 10 Hz RBW
-80
DANL 2.5 GHz, 10 Hz RBW
Second Harmonic Distortion, ≥ 700 MHz
-90
-100
-110
Chapter 2
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CSA Specifications
Power Measurements
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Channel Power
Accuracy
(average detector, preamplifier
off, input signal 0 dBm to −50
dBm, 10 dB Attenuation)
RBW ≤ 200 kHz
200 kHz < RBW <
3 MHz
100 to 250 kHz
±2.69 dB
±2.57 dB
250 kHz to 10 MHz
±1.83 dB
±1.71 dB
10 MHz to 1 GHz
±1.63 dB
±1.51 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
±1.80 dB
±1.68 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
±1.89 dB
±1.77 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
±2.31 dB
±2.19 dB
100 to 250 kHz
±3.29 dB
±3.17 dB
250 kHz to 10 MHz
±2.32 dB
±2.20 dB
10 MHz to 1 GHz
±2.12 dB
±2.00 dB
1 GHz to 2.7 GHz
±2.47 dB
±2.35 dB
2.7 GHz to 3 GHz
±2.79 dB
±2.67 dB
3 GHz to 6 GHz
±3.19 dB
±3.07 dB
20 to 30 °C
0 to 55 °C
Occupied Bandwidth (OBW)
Frequency Accuracy
(0.70 × Span < OBW < 0.90 ×
Span; RBW ≤ Span / 100)
Power Accuracy (using average
detector)
±(OBW indication ×
frequency reference
accuracy + 2% × RBW + 2.0
× horizontal resolution +
0.5 digit) nominal
±3.19 dB nominal
Adjacent Channel Power (ACP)
Dynamic Range
24
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
W-CDMA with 1 DCPH
5 MHz offset
-60 dBc nominal
10 MHz offset
-62 dBc nominal
W-CDMA with Test Model 1
5 MHz offset
-59 dBc nominal
10 MHz offset
-60 dBc nominal
Accuracy
ACPR ≥-40 dBc
±0.27 dB nominal
-40 dBc > ACPR ≥-45 dBc
±0.30 dB nominal
-45 dBc > ACPR ≥-50 dBc
±0.49 dB nominal
-50 dBc > ACPR ≥-55 dBc
±1.22 dB nominal
Chapter 2
25
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Hardware Options
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Preamplifier
(Options P03/P06)
Frequency Range
Option P03
100 kHz to 3 GHz
Option P06
100 kHz to 6 GHz
Gain
22 dB (nominal) 1 MHz to
2.7 GHz
18 dB (nominal) > 2.7 GHz
26
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
General
Description
Calibration Cycle
Specification
Supplemental Information
1 year
Environmental Conditions
This product is designed for
use in Installation Category II
and Pollution Degree 2 per
IEC 61010 664 resopectively.
Operating
Altitude
3000 Meters
Temperature Range
Operating
AC Power
0 to 40°C
Battery Power
0 to 50°C
Storage
Battery
Acoustic Emissions (ISO 7779)
−40 to 70 °C
−20 to 60 °C, ≤ 80%RH
The battery packs should be
stored in an environment with
low humidity, free from
corrosive gas at a
recommended temperature
range <21°C. Extended
exposure to temperatures
above 45°C could degrade
battery performance and life.
< 55 dBA
EMI Compatibility
Radiated Emissions
CISPR 11, Class A
Conducted Emissions
CISPR 11, Class A
Immunity Testing
Radiated Immunity
IEC/EN 61000-4-3
Performance criterion A
Conducted Immunity
IEC/EN 61000-4-6
Performance criterion A
ESD Immunity
IEC/EN 61000-4-2
Performance criterion B
Dual battery or Agilent
supplied power adaptor
(150W)
Approx. 2 ½ hours battery
operation
Power Requirements
Chapter 2
27
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
2 MB for user states and
traces
Data Storage
8.4” color XGA TFT-LCD
1024 x 768 with anti-glare
coating
Without batteries
7.5 kg
Not including power adapter
(power adapter weight 0.9 kg)
With two batteries and impact
cover installed
8.5 kg
Display
Weight
Cabinet Dimensions
(H × W × D)
28
Without bumpers or handle
177 × 425 × 232 mm
With bumpers and handle in
carry position
200 × 481 × 382 mm
With bumpers and handle in
storage position
223 × 481 × 248 mm
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Front Panel Inputs & Outputs
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
RF Input
Connector
Type N, female
Impedance
50 Ω nominal
LO Emissions
Preamp Off, 0 dB attenuation
<−50 dBm, nominal
Preamp On, 20 dB attenuation
<−75 dBm, nominal
Probe Power Output
+15 V at 150 mA
−12 V at 150 mA
Tracking Generator Output
Connector
Type N, female
Impedance
50 Ω nominal
USB
USB-A (2 ports)
Chapter 2
USB 1.1 (full speed)
Low-power devices only
29
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Rear Panel Inputs & Outputs
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
USB-A
USB-A (1 port)
USB 1.1
Low-power devices only
USB-B (1 port)
USB 1.1
Reserved for future use
LAN
10/100 base T
RJ-45 connector
Reserved for future use
Timing LAN Opt
10 MHz Reference Out
Connector
BNC female
Level
+5 dBm, 50 Ω nominal, AC
coupled
External Reference Input
Connector
BNC female
Input Frequency
1 MHz, 2.048 MHz,
4.95 MHz, 10 MHz, 13 MHz,
15 MHz, 19.6608 MHz,
0.5 Hz (even second clock)
Input Amplitude Range
1 MHz to 19.6608 MHz
−5 dBm to +10 dBm nominal
0.5 Hz
TTL levels nominal
Impedance
1 MHz to 19.6608 MHz
50 Ω nominal
0.5 Hz
10 kΩ nominal
Lock Range
±10ppm of selected external
frequency
Lock Time
15 seconds, 30 seconds for
Even second clock
30
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
External Trigger Input
Connector
BNC female
Impedance
10 kΩ nominal
Trigger Level
Rising Edge
1.7 V nominal
Falling Edge
1.0 V nominal
Trigger Slope
Rising/falling edge
selectable
GPS Antenna Input
Reserved for future use
Kensington Security Slot
To prevent unauthorized
removal of the spectrum
analyzer, you can use a
Kensington Slim MicroSaver
security cable to attach the
analyzer to an immovable
object. Your spectrum
analyzer has a Kensington
Security Slot located on the
instrument rear panel. For
more information, visit
www.microsaver.com.
Chapter 2
31
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Regulatory Information
This product is designed for use in Installation Category II and Pollution Degree 2 per IEC
61010 and 664 respectively.
This product has been designed and tested in accordance with IEC Publication 61010, Safety
Requirements for Electronic Measuring Apparatus, and has been supplied in a safe condition.
The instruction documentation contains information and warnings which must be followed by the
user to ensure safe operation and to maintain the product in a safe condition.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community (if
accompanied by a year, it is the year when the design was proven).
The CSA mark is the Canadian Standards Association safety mark.
ISM 1-A
This is a symbol of an Industrial Scientific and Medical Group 1 Class A
product. (CISPR 11, Clause 4)
This product complies with the WEEE Directive (2002/96/EC) marking
requirements. The affixed label indicates that you must not discard this
electrical/ electronic product in domestic household waste.
Product Category: With reference to the equipment types in the WEEE
Directive Annex I, this product is classed as a ”Monitoring and Control
instrumentation” product.
Do not dispose in domestic household waste.
To return unwanted products, contact your local Agilent office, or see
www.agilent.com/environment/product/ for more information.
32
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
Compliance with German Noise Requirements
Acoustic Noise Emission/Geraeuschemission
LpA <70 dB
LpA <70 dB
Operator position
Am Arbeitsplatz
Normal position
Normaler Betrieb
Per ISO 7779
Nach DIN 45635 t.19
Compliance with Canadian EMC Requirements
This ISM device complies with Canadian ICES-001.
Cet appareil ISM est conforme a la norme NMB du Canada.
Declaration of Conformity
A copy of the Manufacturer’s European Declaration of Conformity for this instrument can
be obtained by contacting your local Agilent Technologies sales representative.
Chapter 2
33
Specifications Guide
CSA Specifications
34
Chapter 2
2 Stimulus Response
Measurement Suite (N8995A)
Specifications Guide
Stimulus Response
Measurement Suite (N8995A)
Stimulus/Response
a
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Frequency Range
N8995A-SR3 or N1996A-TG3
10 MHz to 3 GHz
N8995A-SR6 or N1996A-TG6
10 MHz to 6 GHz
Directivity
Uncorrected
10 MHz to 3 GHz
25 dB nominal
3 GHz to 6 GHz
20 dB nominal
Corrected
(using option SRK, Stimulus
Response Calibration Kit)
10 MHz to 2 GHz
> 49 dB nominal
2 GHz to 3 GHz
> 46 dB nominal
3 GHz to 6 GHz
> 40 dB nominal
Source match (RF Output)
Uncorrected
10 MHz to 3 GHz
20 dB, nominal
3 GHz to 6 GHz
15 dB, nominal
Corrected
(using option SRK, Stimulus
Response Calibration Kit)
10 MHz to 2 GHz
34 dB, nominal
2 GHz to 3 GHz
31 dB, nominal
3 GHz to 6 GHz
27 dB, nominal
Frequency Resolution
60 Hz nominal
a. For firmware revisions ≤ A.01.99, you must also have either N1996A Option TG3 or N1996A Option TG6. These
options provide the tracking generator hardware and VSWR bridge necessary to make these measurements.
The N8995A is the only means of controlling the tracking generator hardware. For firmware revisions ≥
A.02.00, N8995A-SR3 and N8995A-SR6 provide the equivalent functionality
36
Chapter 2
Specifications Guide
Stimulus Response
Measurement Suite (N8995A)
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Return Loss (RF Output)
(≥ 4 averages)
Range
Return Loss
VSWR
10 MHz to 2 GHz
> 49 dB nominal,
< 1.01:1
2 GHz to 3 GHz
> 46 dB nominal
< 1.01:1
3 GHz to 6 GHz
> 40 dB nominal
< 1.02:1
Resolution
0.1 dB
Display Range
−5 dB to +150 dB
SWR Range
1 to 500
Accuracy
(nominal)
(using Stimulus/Response
Calibration Kit, Option SRK, and
calibration and measurement
performed over the same frequency
range and at the same reference
plane)
Range
< 2 GHz
< 3 GHz
< 6 GHz
Return loss from 5 dB to 10 dB
± 0.2 dB
± 0.2 dB
± 0.4 dB
Return loss from 10 dB to 20 dB
± 0.3 dB
± 0.5 dB
± 0.9 dB
Return loss from 20 dB to 30 dB
± 0.9 dB
± 1.3 dB
± 2.4 dB
Chapter 2
37
Specifications Guide
Stimulus Response
Measurement Suite (N8995A)
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Insertion Loss
Dynamic Range
(source level set to −15 dBm)
10 MHz to 3 GHz
> 70 dB nominal
3 GHz to 5 GHz
> 50 dB nominal
5 GHz to 6 GHz
> 25 dB nominal
Source Level Range
−15 dBm to −30 dBm
Accuracy due to limited isolation
Frequency Range
< 3 GHz
< 5 GHz
< 6 GHz
DUT a Insertion Loss 10 dB
± 0.0 dB
± 0.1 dB
± 1.4 dB
DUTa Insertion Loss 20 dB
± 0.0 dB
± 0.3 dB
± 3.9 dB
DUTa Insertion
Loss 30 dB
± 0.1 dB
± 0.8 dB
DUTa Insertion Loss 40 dB
± 0.3 dB
± 2.4 dB
DUTa Insertion Loss 50 dB
± 0.8 dB
Accuracy due to imperfect match
Frequency Range
< 3 GHz < 6 GHz
DUTa Return Loss 5 dB
± 1.0 dB
± 1.6 dB
DUTa Return Loss 10 dB
± 0.5 dB
± 0.9 dB
DUTa
Return Loss 20 dB
± 0.2 dB
± 0.3 dB
DUTa
Return Loss 30 dB
± 0.1 dB
± 0.1 dB
Distance to Fault (Port 1)
Range
1 m to 300 m
Resolution
VSWR
(1.5×108) × (VF) × /(f2−f1) Hz b,
typically 1% of measurement
distance
1 to 500
a. Device Under Test
b. VF is the relative propagation velocity of the cable; f1 and f2 are the start and stop frequencies, respectively.
38
Chapter 2
3 AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
This chapter contains specifications for the N8996A AM/FM Modulation Analysis using the
Agilent CSA including options:
•
Option 1FP AM/FM analysis
Specifications Guide
AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
AM Demodulation
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
-50 to +30 dBm
with Auto-range On
Input Power Range
Carrier Frequency Range
Option 503
100 kHz to 3 GHz
Option 506
100 kHz to 6 GHz
Demodulation Bandwidth
≤ 5MHz
(2 × Max. Mod. Rate) ≤ Max
Demod BW
160k samples
Max Capture Memory
Max Capture Time
Sampling rate / Max.
measurement time
Demodulation bandwidth
(Max. capture time = Capture
memory/Sample Rate)
5 MHz
7.5 MHz / 21.845 ms
3 MHz
7.5 MHz / 21.845 ms
1.25 MHz
2.5 MHz/ 65.536 ms
1.0 MHz
2 MHz / 81.92 ms
500 kHz
1 MHz /163.84 ms
300 kHz
600 kHz / 273.067 ms
250 kHz
500 kHz / 327.68 ms
100 kHz
200 kHz / 819.2 ms
50 kHz
100 kHz / 1638.4 ms
30 kHz
60 kHz / 2730.7 ms
10 kHz
20 kHz / 8192.0 ms
5 kHz
10 kHz / 16.384 s
3 kHz
Modulation Rate Range
6 kHz / 27.3067 s
a
100 kHz ≤ fc < 10 MHz
20 Hz to 10 kHz
10 MHz ≤ fc< 3/6 GHz
50 Hz to 200 kHz
a. When the carrier frequency fc is equal or less than 2.6 MHz, to avoid the image that appears in the IF
corresponding to the negative of signal frequency, the fc and IFBW must be chosen to satisfy IFBW<2 × (fc-100
kHz)
40
Chapter 3
Specifications Guide
AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Modulation Rate Accuracy
Modulation Rate < 1 kHz
1 Hz nominal
Modulation rate >= 1 kHz
< 0.1% nominal
Modulation Depth Range
AM Depth Accuracy
0 to 100%
a
± 3% of reading nominal
b, c
Modulation Distortion Floor
d
Carrier
Frequency
Modulation
Rates
AM
Depth
250 kHz to 10
MHz
400 Hz
1% to 3%
10 MHz to 3/6
GHz
400 Hz
1% to 3%
250 kHz to 10
MHz, 10 MHz
to 3/6 GHz
400 Hz
> 3%
250 kHz to 10
MHz, 10 MHz
to 3/6 GHz
1 kHz
1% to 3%
250 kHz to 10
MHz, 10 MHz
to 3/6 GHz
1 kHz
> 3%
< 1.5% nominal
< 2% nominal
< 0.6% nominal
< 2.5% nominal
< 0.7% nominal
Residual AM (50 Hz to 3 kHz BW)
< 0.1% (rms) nominal
Detectors
Available: +peak, -peak,
±peak/2, rms
Burst/Sync Search
SINAD Accuracy
None, RF
Amplitude
± 1 dB
a. This is range over which AM depth measurements may be made. The accuracy characteristic applies only over
the 0.5% to 99% range.
b. For peak measurements only: AM accuracy may be affected by distortion generated by the spectrum analyzer.
In the worst case this distortion can decrease accuracy by 0.1% of reading for each 0.1 % of distortion.
c. If the measured AM depth is <2%, set IFBW to Manual rather than Auto for better results.
d. The minimum IFBW (3 kHz) is used for distortion measurement.
Chapter 3
41
Specifications Guide
AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
FM Demodulation
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
-50 to +30 dBm with
Auto-range ON
Input Power Range
Carrier Frequency Range
Option 503
100 kHz to 3 GHz
Option 506
Demodulation Bandwidth
100 kHz to 6 GHz
a
≤ 5MHz
160k samples
Max Capture Memory
Max Capture Time
Sampling rate / Max.
measurement time
Demoluation bandwidth
5 MHz
7.5 MHz / 21.845 ms
3 MHz
7.5 MHz / 21.845 ms
1.25 MHz
2.5 MHz/ 65.536 ms
1.0 MHz
2 MHz / 81.92 ms
500 kHz
1 MHz / 163.84 ms
300 kHz
600 kHz / 273.067 ms
250 kHz
500 kHz / 327.68 ms
100 kHz
200 kHz / 819.2 ms
50 kHz
100 kHz / 1638.4 ms
30 kHz
60 kHz / 2730.7 ms
10 kHz
20 kHz / 8192.0 ms
5 kHz
10 kHz / 16.384 s
3 kHz
6 kHz / 27.3067 s
Modulation Rate Range
100 kHz ≤ fc < 10 MHz
20 Hz to 10 kHz
10 MHz ≤ fc< 3/6 GHz
50 Hz to 200 kHz
a. When the carrier frequency fc is equal or less than 2.6 MHz, to avoid the image that appears in the IF
corresponding to the negative of signal frequency, the fc and IFBW must be chosen to satisfy IFBW<2 × (fc-100
kHz)
42
Chapter 3
Specifications Guide
AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
Description
Specification
Supplemental Information
Modulation Rate Accuracy
0.2 ≤ β ≤ 100,
deviation ≤ 400 kHz
Modulation rate < 1 kHz
1 Hz nominal
Modulation rate >= 1 kHz
< 0.1% nominal
Peak Deviations
Max 40 kHz
100 kHz ≤ fc ≤ 10 MHz
Max 400 kHz
10 MHz ≤ fc ≤ 3/6 GHz
FM Deviation Accuracy
a,
Frequency
range
Modulation
Rate
Peak
Deviation
βb
200 kHz
to 10
MHz
20 Hz to
10 kHz
≤ 40 kHz
> 0.2
10 MHz
to 3/6
GHz
50 Hz to
200 kHz
≤ 400
kHz
± 3% of reading, nominal
> 0.5
± 3% of reading, nominal
Modulation Distortion Floor c
Carrier
Frequency
Modulation
Rates
Deviation
250 kHz to
10 MHz
400 Hz or 1
kHz
1 kHz or 3
kHz
< 1% nominal
10 MHz to
3/6 GHz
400 Hz or 1
kHz
1 kHz or 3
kHz
< 0.9% nominal
Available: +peak, -peak,
±peak/2, rms
Detectors
None, RF
Amplitude
Burst/Sync Search
± 1 dB nominal
SINAD Accuracy d
(Meas Filter On and β >
1) e
a. The peak deviations that the system is capable of measuring are governed by the instrument’s IFBW
(Information Bandwidth) setting. The relationship is described by the equation Peak deviation (in Hz) = IFBW/2
– modulation rate. If the measured frequency deviation β<1, set IFBW to manual rather than auto to help
satisfy this equation and yield better results.
b. β is the ratio of frequency deviation to modulation rate (deviation/rate).
c. If IFBW is greater than 3 kHz, Meas Filter must be On and the Demod Spectrum Span must be set to 3 kHz.
d. Measured distortion must be greater than 3% for the FM SINAD accuracy to apply. For distortions less than
3%, the noise floor of the analyzer will begin to affect the accuracy of the measurement.
e. SINAD accuracy will degrade when measuring signals with β ≤ 1. When measuring signals with β ≤ 1, some
improvement may be possible by adjusting the Demod Spectrum Span (the span setting in the Demod Spectrum
measurement controls the low-pass cutoff frequency of the measurement filter).
Chapter 3
43
Specifications Guide
AM/FM Modulation Analysis
Measurement Suite (N8996A)
44
Chapter 3
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