MP-1 User Guide and Technical Information

MP-1 User Guide and Technical Information
MP-1
Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Information
Sound Devices, LLC
300 Wengel Drive
Reedsburg, WI 53959 USA
Voice +1 (608) 524-0625
Fax +1 (608) 524-0655
www.sounddevices.com
©2001–2007 Sound Devices, LLC
MP-1 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Documentation
General Description
Sound Devices’ MP-1 is a portable, battery-powered microphone preamplifier with phantom power. Designed for high-resolution field production, this studio-quality mic pre is ideal for critical radio, television, and film production applications.
With its rugged mechanical and electrical construction, compact size and high-quality components, the
MP-1 will provide years of superb audio performance under the most punishing field conditions.
Features
Audio Performance
• Maximum of 66 dB of gain, adjustable in eleven discrete steps for accurate, repeatable gain settings
• Dynamic range exceeding 120 dB
• 20 Hz to 50 kHz audio bandwidth
• High immunity to RF interference due to transformers, RF filtering, and all-metal construction
• High current line output driver capable of driving very long cable runs
Transformer-Balanced
• Premium quality input transformer provides superior sonic quality and freedom from interference problems
• Custom-designed output transformer provides line driving ability with freedom from interference problems
Limiter
• Extended range peak limiter via dual opto-isolators makes unit virtually “unclippable”
Battery Powered
• Internal battery power (two AA) for convenient, low cost power
• Battery life greater than 24 hours (phantom power off)
Durable Mechanical Construction
• High strength extruded aluminum chassis with protective metal end rails to withstand punishing field conditions
• Easy access battery compartment for quick battery changes
Phantom Power
• Selectable 48-volt and 12-volt phantom power for condenser and dynamic microphones
High-Pass Filter
• Two selectable corner frequencies, 80 and 160 Hz, 6 dB per octave
page 4
Specifications
Frequency Response:
20 Hz to 22 kHz, +0.1, -0.5 dB, –1 dB at 50 kHz (relative to 1 kHz level with 150 ohm source)
+1
+0
-1
d
B
u
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
10
20
50
100
200
500
1k
2k
5k
10k
20k
50k
100k
Hz
Gain:
0 dB to 66 dB input to output, switch selectable
Gain Accuracy:
+0.6, –0.1 dB with reference to front panel gain markings
(150 ohm source, 100k ohm load impedances)
Equivalent Input Noise:
–126 dBu (–128 dBV) minimum
(150 ohm source, flat weighting, 22–22 kHz bandwidth, gain setting 36 dB or greater
Output Clipping Level:
+22 dBu minimum with 100k ohm load
+20 dBu minimum with 600 ohm load
Input Clipping Level:
+4 dBu minimum at the 0 or +18 dB gain setting
Dynamic Range:
122 dB minimum at the +18 dB gain setting
THD + Noise:
0.05% maximum (from 50 Hz – 22 kHz @ +4 dBu output level, +46 dB gain setting)
Common Mode Rejection Ratio:
100 dB minimum at 80 Hz
60 dB minimum at 10 Hz
Input:
Transformer-balanced, 2000 ohm input impedance
Output:
Transformer-balanced, 130 ohm output impedance
Low Cut:
80 Hz or 160 Hz (switch selectable), 6 dB per octave
Phantom Power:
12-volt or 48-volt (switch selectable) per DIN 45 596 specification
Limiter:
Limits to +17 dBu output level 10:1 limiting ratio; 5 mS attack time, 100 mS release time;
Amber/Red LED indicates limiting/clipping
Internal Voltage Rails:
±15 V, regulated
Power:
2 AA batteries, 24 hours life typical with +4 dBu signal into 600 ohms, no phantom power.
Power LED:
Green indicates power and good battery. Red indicates power with low batteries. LED turns red when
approximately 4 hours of battery life remain.
Polarity:
Mic input to line output is non-inverting
Operating Temperature Range:
0° to 70° C 32° to 160° F
Dimensions:
43 mm x 94 mm x 140 mm (h x w x d)
(1.7” x 3.7” x 5.55”)
Weight: (unit only):
0.56 kg, 1.24 lbs (unit only)
0.86 kg, 1.90 lbs (packaged)
Certification:
Meets FCC Part 15 Class B
Eligible to bear CE mark (see conformance statement)
page 5
MP-1 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Documentation
Front Panel Controls and Indicators
SOUND DEVICES
MP-1 MIC PRE
46
42
50
54
36
80
ON
FLAT
2
66
0
GAIN (dB)
LIMITER
3
POWER
4
1.
LIMITER/Peak LED
Bi-color LED illuminates red at 3 dB below
clipping; illuminates amber to indicate limiter
activity.
2.
LIMITER Switch
Activates the peak limiter. Limits to +17 dBu
output.
3.
High-Pass Filter Switch
Three-position switch selects inserts an 80 Hz
or 160 Hz corner frequency filter, 6 dB per
octave. Center position of switch removes the
filter from the signal path.
ON
62
18
160
1
58
28
5
6
4. Rotary Gain Switch
Selects the amount of gain from input to output, adjustable in 11 increments.
5. POWER Switch
Powers the unit when switch is in the up position.
6.
POWER LED
Bi-color LED illuminates green when the unit
is powered and changes to red when approximately four hours of battery life remain.
Back Panel Connectors and Controls
PHANTOM
48 V
OFF
12 V
BATTERIES
LINE OUT
7
8
7.
BATTERY Compartment
Requires two AA batteries for operation. Insert
positive (+) end of battery first.
8.
LINE OUT
Transformer balanced XLR line-level output.
+22 dBu peak output level.
page 6
MIC IN
9
9.
10
PHANTOM Power Switch
Three-position switch selects either 48-volt or
12-volt phantom power. Center position turns
phantom power off.
10. MIC IN
Transformer-balanced XLR input accepts
microphone level signals
Operational Notes
Transformers
The isolation characteristics of transformers are superior to other balancing techniques for the adverse
and uncontrolled environments of field production. Transformers provide complete galvanic isolation
from the driving source, meaning there is no direct electrical connection. Signals are “transformed”
magnetically. Both the transformers in the MP-1 use premium magnetic core material to achieve high
signal handling capability (especially at low frequencies) while keeping distortion to a minimum. Because of their inherently high common mode impedance, transformers are unrivaled by any other type
of input for common-mode noise rejection.
Both the input and output of the MP-1 can be balanced or unbalanced without any problems. When unbalancing (either input or output) ground pin-3 to pin-1. There is no change in gain with an unbalanced
connection into or out of the MP-1.
Phantom Power
Microphones that require phantom power should use the lowest voltage acceptable to maximize battery
life. Electret-condenser microphones that can operate on phantom voltages from 11–52 volts will not
have any performance benefit using 48-volt phantom; therefore 12-volt phantom is appropriate. Microphones requiring 48-volt phantom will not operate, or may operate with lower headroom and increased
distortion, at 12 volts, therefore use 48-volt phantom. Consult your microphone documentation.
Dynamic microphones typically do not require phantom power. A properly connected balanced, dynamic microphone will, typically, not be affected by the presence of phantom power nor will it draw
any current. However, it is good practice to turn phantom power off if the microphone cable is suspect.
Poor or incorrectly wired microphone cable can cause audible artifacts in the microphone signal. (Phantom is an excellent cable tester.)
High-Pass Filter
The two positions of the high pass filter (low cut) in the MP-1 are useful for removing excess low frequency energy in the audio signal. The 80 Hz position is appropriate when recording general speech,
music, and ambient sound. The 160 Hz position is useful to enhance speech clarity. The high pass filter
is a single pole design, 6 dB per octave.
When possible, attempt to equalize at the sound source with microphone selection, use of a windscreen,
microphone placement, and onboard microphone filtering. A high pass filter on the microphone and a
high pass filter on the MP-1 will give an additive effect, increasing the slope of the filter.
Limiter
The MP-1 has a built in peak responding limiter which can be turned on or off by the switch on the front
panel. The MP-1 limiter is really two completely separate limiters activated by the one switch; the first
limiter keeps the input gain stage from clipping, and the second limiter limits the output to +17 dBu.
The two limiters enable the MP-1 to limit in excess of 50 dB, meaning that it is very difficult to clip the
unit, no matter the gain setting. The Limiter LED on the front panel illuminates in proportion to the
amount of limiting.
page 7
MP-1 Microphone Preamplifier
User Guide and Technical Documentation
Batteries
The MP-1 is designed to operate on two AA alkaline cells for approximately 26 hours with typical signals (without phantom power). The audio performance of the MP-1 does not vary throughout the life of
the batteries.
Many factors affect battery life including—battery chemistry, ambient temperature of operation, phantom voltage, microphone current draw, and output drive level. The chart below can be used as a starting
point to estimate battery life. Experimentation is recommended to determine battery life for each individual setup. Note: Nickel-Cadmium batteries are not recommended in the MP-1 since these batteries
have lower energy per cell than other types and will result in very short service.
Battery Type
Microphone Type
Battery Life
Duracell AA MN 1500
Dynamic handheld
26 hrs.
Duracell AA MN 1500
Electret condenser, 12-volt phantom
18 hrs.
Duracell AA MN 1500
Studio condenser, 48-volt phantom
5 hrs.
Test conditions: 70 F, 42 dB gain with music source, 600 ohm load, +4 dBu output
FCC Statement
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a class B digital device, pursuant
to part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in
a particular installation.
Warranty
Sound Devices, LLC warrants the MM-1 Microphone Preamp with Headphone Monitoring against
defects in materials and workmanship for a period of ONE (1) year from date of original retail purchase.
This is a non-transferable warranty that extends only to the original purchaser. Sound Devices, LLC
will repair or replace the product at its discretion at no charge. Warranty claims due to severe service
conditions will be addressed on an individual basis. THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH
ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE. SOUND DEVICES, LLC DISCLAIMS ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. SOUND DEVICES, LLC IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING FROM ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY. Because some jurisdictions do not permit the exclusion or limitations set forth above, they may not apply in all cases.
For all service, including warranty repair, please contact Sound Devices for a return authorization number (RMA) before sending the unit for service. Service returns should be sent to:
Sound Devices, LLC
Service Repair (RMA # XXXX)
300 Wengel Drive
Reedsburg, WI 53959 USA
telephone: (608) 524-0625
page 8
CE Declaration of Conformity
According to ISO/IEC Guide 22
Sound Devices, LLC
300 Wengel Drive
Reedsburg, WI 53959 USA
declares that the product, MP-1 is in conformity with and passes:
EN55103-1 (1997)
EMC-product family standard for audio, video, audio-visual and
entertainment lighting control apparatus for professional use. Part 1:
Emissions
EN55103-2 (1997)
EMC-product family standard for audio, video, audio-visual and
entertainment lighting control apparatus for professional use. Part 2:
Immunity
EN55022 (1995)/
CISPR 22 (1997)
Radiated and conducted emissions, Class B
EN61000-4-2 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-2 (1995)
ESD - 6kV contact, 8kV air-discharge
EN61000-4-3 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-3 (1995)
Radiated RF Immunity, 10 V/m, 80% 1 kHz amplitude modulation
EN61000-4-4 (1995)/
IEC1000-4-4 (1995)
EFT/Burst, I/O lines, +/- .25 kV to +/- 1.0 kV
EN61000-4-6 (1996)/
IEC1000-4-6 (1996)
Conducted RF Immunity, 10 V, 80% 1 kHz amplitude modulation
Tested by L. S. Compliance, Inc. Cedarburg, Wisconsin
December 16, 1999
Matthew Anderson
Director of Engineering
Sound Devices, LLC
page 9
MP-1 - Printed in U.S.A.
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