GREENTEL M2M Industrial Cellular Router User Manual

GREENTEL M2M Industrial Cellular Router User Manual
GREENTEL M2M Industrial Cellular Router
User Manual
For R200 M2M Industrial Cellular Router
-1-
ANNOUNCEMENTS .............................................................................................................................5
1. ROUTER INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................9
1.1 FEATURES:.......................................................................................................................................9
1.2 APPLICATIONS: ..............................................................................................................................10
1.3 PRODUCT KIT: ...............................................................................................................................10
2. HARDWARE INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................... 11
2.1 R2X1HHW AND R2X1GC55......................................................................................................... 11
2.2 INTERFACE (FROM UP TO DOWN).................................................................................................... 11
2.3 LED INDICATOR ............................................................................................................................12
2.4 R2X1UU .......................................................................................................................................13
2.5 R2X4HHW AND R2X4GC55.........................................................................................................14
2.6 R2X4UU .......................................................................................................................................15
2.7 INSERT SIM/UIM ..........................................................................................................................16
2.8. SCREW PLUGGABLE TERMINAL BLOCK .........................................................................................16
2.9 MAINTENANCE NOTES ..................................................................................................................17
3. APPLICATION INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................18
4. ACCESSING THE ROUTER .........................................................................................................19
4.1 PC CONFIGURATION ......................................................................................................................19
4.2 LOGIN............................................................................................................................................19
4.3 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ..............................................................................................................20
4.3.1 SYSTEM -> BASIC SETUP ............................................................................................................20
4.3.2 SYSTEM -> TIME.........................................................................................................................21
4.3.3 SYSTEM -> SERIAL PORT .............................................................................................................21
4.3.4 SYSTEM -> ADMIN ACCESS .........................................................................................................22
4.3.5 SYSTEM -> SYSTEM LOG.............................................................................................................24
4.3.6 SYSTEM -> CONFIG MANAGEMENT .............................................................................................25
4.3.7 SYSTEM -> UPGRADE .................................................................................................................25
4.3.8 SYSTEM -> REBOOT....................................................................................................................27
4.3.9 SYSTEM -> LOGOUT ...................................................................................................................28
4.4 NETWORK .....................................................................................................................................28
4.4.1 NETWORK -> DIALUP .................................................................................................................29
4.4.2 NETWORK -> LAN .....................................................................................................................31
4.4.3 DNS ...........................................................................................................................................32
4.4.4 DDNS ........................................................................................................................................32
4.4.5 STATIC ROUTE ............................................................................................................................33
4.4.6 WAN (R2X4 ONLY) ....................................................................................................................34
4.4.7 DMZ PORT (R2X4 ONLY) ...........................................................................................................37
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4.4.8 PORT MODE (R2X4 ONLY) ..........................................................................................................37
4.5 SERVICE ........................................................................................................................................38
4.5.1 SERVICES -> DHCP SERVICE ......................................................................................................38
4.5.2 SERVICES -> DNS RELAY ...........................................................................................................39
4.5.3 SERVICES -> VRRP ....................................................................................................................40
4.5.4 SERVICES -> DEVICE MANAGER .................................................................................................40
4.5.5 SERVICES -> DTU ......................................................................................................................41
4.6 FIREWALL ......................................................................................................................................42
4.6.1 FIREWALL -> BASIC ....................................................................................................................42
4.6.2 FIREWALL -> FILTERING .............................................................................................................43
4.6.3 FIREWALL -> PORT MAPPING ......................................................................................................44
4.6.4 FIREWALL -> VIRTUAL IP MAPPING ............................................................................................44
4.6.5 FIREWALL -> DMZ .....................................................................................................................45
4.6.6 FIREWALL -> MAC-IP BUNDLING ..............................................................................................45
4.7 QOS ..............................................................................................................................................46
4.8 VPN ..............................................................................................................................................46
4.8.1 VPN -> IPSEC BASIC SETTING ..................................................................................................47
4.8.2 VPN -> IPSEC TUNNELS ...........................................................................................................48
4.8.3 VPN -> GRE TUNNELS ..............................................................................................................51
4.8.4 VPN -> L2TP CLIENTS ...............................................................................................................51
4.8.6 VPN -> L2TP SERVER ................................................................................................................52
4.8.7 VPN -> PPTP CLIENTS...............................................................................................................52
4.8.8 VPN -> PPTP SERVER ................................................................................................................53
4.8.9 VPN -> OPENVPN TUNNELS .....................................................................................................54
4.8.10 VPN -> OPENVPN ADVANCED.................................................................................................55
4.8.10 VPN -> CERTIFICATE MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................55
4.9 TOOLS ...........................................................................................................................................56
4.9.1 TOOLS -> PING..........................................................................................................................56
4.9.2 TOOLS -> TRACEROUTE ..............................................................................................................56
4.9.3 TOOLS -> LINK SPEED TEST .......................................................................................................57
4.10 STATUS ........................................................................................................................................57
4.10.1 STATUS -> SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................58
4.10.2 STATUS -> MODEM ...................................................................................................................58
4.10.3 STATUS -> NETWORK CONNECTIONS ........................................................................................59
4.10.4 STATUS -> ROUTE TABLE ..........................................................................................................59
4.10.5 STATUS -> DEVICE LIST ............................................................................................................59
4.10.6 STATUS -> LOG .........................................................................................................................60
5. HOW TO UPGRADE NEW FIRMWARE .....................................................................................61
6. HOW TO DIAGNOSE.....................................................................................................................62
7. CONFIGURE VIA TELNET ...........................................................................................................63
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8. CONFIGURE VIA SERIAL PORT ................................................................................................64
9. HOW TO RESET TO FACTORY DEFAULTS SETTINGS........................................................68
10. SUPPORT ......................................................................................................................................69
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Announcements
Thank you for choosing our product. GREENTEL R200 series is Machine-to-machine (M2M)
industrial cellular router with Din-rail mounting, which works on 2G/3G cellular networks,
provides reliable and robust wireless connections.
GREENTEL R200 series is specified for industrial M2M usage. Designed to endure extreme
conditions, such as temperatures ranging from -25°C to +70°C and low power consumption.
GREENTEL R200 series also supports the OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP, GPE, IPSec VPN tunnel
providing high-grade network security.
Please read this manual carefully before using the product.
Copyright Announcement
Copyright GREENTEL LIMITED 2010.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction, transfer, distribution or storage of part or all of the contents in this document in
any form without the prior written permission of GREENTEL is prohibited.
Information Edition: GL – A – R200 – 2.1
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Important Safety Information
This product is not intended for use in the following
circumstances
•
•
•
•
•
•
Area(s) where radio transmission equipment (such as cell phone) are not permitted.
Hospitals, health care facilities and area(s) where cell phones are restricted by law.
Gas stations, fuel storage and places where chemical are stored.
Chemical plants or places with potential explosion hazard.
Any metal surface that may weaken the radio signal level.
The appliance is intended to be installed in restricted access location. Only service
person or authorized person is allowed to access.
RF safety distance
For GPRS router, the compliance boundary distance is r=0.26m for GSM 900MHz and r=0.13m
for DCS 1800 MHz.
For HSUPA router, the compliance boundary distance is r=0.26m for GSM 900MHz and
r=0.13m for DCS 1800 MHz, r=.0.094 for WCDMA 900MHz, r=0.063 for WCDMA 2100MHz.
Warning
This is a class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference
in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
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Agency approvals and standards compliance
For R211HHW-232 and R201HHW-232
Type
3.1a Health
3.1a Safety
3.1b EMC
3.2 Radio
For R211GC55-232 and R201GC55-232
Type
3.1a Health
3.1a Safety
3.1b EMC
3.2 Radio
Approval / Compliance
EN 50385: 2002
EN 60950-1:2006+A11
EN 301 489-1 V1.8.1
EN 301 489-7 V1.3.1
EN 301 489-24 V1.4.1
EN 300 386 V1.4.1
EN 301 511 V9.0.2
EN 301 908-1 V3.2.1
EN 301 908-2 V3.2.1
Approval / Compliance
EN 50385: 2002
EN 60950-1:2006+A11
EN 301 489-1 V1.8.1
EN 301 489-7 V1.3.1
EN 300 386 V1.4.1
EN 301 511 V9.0.2
-7-
WEEE Notice
The Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), which entered into force
as European law on 13th February 2003, resulted in a major change in the treatment of
electrical equipment at end-of-life.
The purpose of this Directive is, as a first priority, the prevention of WEEE, and in addition, to
promote the reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery of such wastes so as to reduce
disposal.
The WEEE logo (shown at the left) on the product or on its box indicates that this product must
not be disposed of or dumped with your other household waste. You are liable to dispose of all
your electronic or electrical waste equipment by relocating over to the specified collection point
for recycling of such hazardous waste. Isolated collection and proper recovery of your
electronic and electrical waste equipment at the time of disposal will allow us to help conserving
natural resources. Moreover, proper recycling of the electronic and electrical waste equipment
will ensure safety of human health and environment. For more information about electronic and
electrical waste equipment disposal, recovery, and collection points, please contact your local
city centre, household waste disposal service, shop from where you purchased the equipment,
or manufacturer of the equipment.
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1. Router Introduction
GREENTEL R200 series is Machine-to-machine (M2M) industrial cellular router with
Din-rail mounting, which works on 2G/3G cellular networks, provides reliable and robust
wireless connections.
GREENTEL R200 series is specified for industrial M2M usage. Designed to endure
extreme conditions, such as temperatures ranging from -25°C to +70°C and low power
consumption.
GREENTEL R200 series also supports the OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP, GPE, IPSec VPN
tunnel providing high-grade network security.
1.1 Features:
Highly Reliable Network Performance
z High performance platform, 200 MIPS ARM9, 8 Mbytes NORFlash, 16 Mbytes
SDRAM
z Software and hardware watchdog
z Always online: PPP LCP echo and ICMP keep alive for link inspection
z Dial on demand activated by Call/SMS/Local data flow
z High sensitivity: low signal strength required (CSQ>12)
z Remote and local firmware upgrade based on redundant firmware backup
z Large scale remote management via Greentel Device Manager
Ease to Use
z Embedded Linux system, TCP/IP and PPP stack, Plug and Play
z Configuration via WEB, TELNET, Hyper Terminal and SSH
z Backup and restore settings
z Reset button, software and hardware reset to factory default settings
z LED indicators for three level cellular network signal strength
z LED indicators for Power, Status, Warn, Error, Modem
Security
z VPN IPSec: DES, 3DES, AES, MD5 and SHA-1
z Authentication: Pre-shared key, digital certificate
z Support OpenVPN, PPTP, L2TP, GRE tunnels
z Firewall: Stateful Packet Inspection(SPI), filtering multicast, filtering PING packet,
preventing DoS attack, different firewall strategies
z Access control: Access control of TCP, UDP, ICMP packet
z MAC and IP filter, MAC address bundling
z DMZ: support virtual servers
z VRRP: Hot backup, auto switch to slave router when master router failed
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Robust design for Industrial Application
z Rugged casing with DIN-rail mounting and wall mounting
z Inside SIM card slot, provides SIM card anti-steal
z Industrial power terminal block, 9 to 48VDC wide range voltage power supply,
anti-RCE (reverse connection error), over-current protection
z One Ethernet port (R2x1 series), Four Ethernet port (R2x4 series), one RS232 for
debug console, one RS232 or RS485 optional
z Support DTU mode, data transparent transmission via serial port
z Support Modbus RTU/TCP via RS485 (Optional)
z Wide range operation temperature: -25°C to 70°C
z Operation humidity: 5% to 95%, non-condensing
z IP20 grade protection
z Optimized EMC design
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
1.2 Applications:
Machine-to-machine (M2M)
Telemetry
SCADA
Monitoring and Surveillance
DSL/Cable Infrastructure Backup
AVL
Credit card verifications, POS and ATM
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
1.3 Product Kit:
M2M Industrial Cellular Router
AC/DC Adapter
Rubber antenna and magnetic mount antenna optional
DIN-rail optional
RS232 to RS485 converter optional
Ethernet Cable RJ45
Debug console cable RJ45-RS232 optional
CD
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2. Hardware Introduction
2.1 R2x1HHW and R2x1GC55
Figure 2.1 Front Panel
2.2 Interface (from up to down)
Name
Screw pluggable terminal block
SIM holder
Antenna
Description
Including power supply connector and serial
port interface (RS232 and RS485 optional)
Insert the SIM into socket
Cellular antenna
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Reset button
Power off router, press and hold ‘reset
button’, power on at the same time (please
do not release the reset button), when ERR
LED starts blinking, please release the reset
button, after few seconds, it will reset to
factory defaults.
Debug console serial port
LAN
Console port
Ethernet port
2.3 LED indicator
System indicators
POWER
STATUS
WARN
ERROR
Alarm
indicator
(Yellow)
Error indicator
(Red)
Description
On
Running
status
indicator
(Green)
On
On
Off
Powered on
On
Blinking
On
Off
On
Blinking
Blinking
Off
On
Blinking
Off
Off
Power-on is
successful
Dialing to cellular
networks
Dialing successful
On
Blinking
Blinking
Blinking
Upgrading firmware
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
Reset is successful
Power supply
indicator
(Red)
Signal Strength indicators
Signal strength Signal strength
indicator 1
indicator 2
On
Off
Signal strength
indicator 3
Off
On
On
Off
On
On
On
Ethernet Interface indicators
Yellow indicator
On
Blinking
Green indicator
On
On
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Description
Signal Status 1-9: signal status is
poor, please check if the antenna
is correctly installed, and the
router is located under good
signal coverage.
Signal Status 10-19: signal
status is average and the
equipment can work normally.
Signal Status 20-31: signal
status is good.
Description
A normal 100M connection
is through this port, no data
packets are transmitting.
A normal 100M connection
is through this port, data
packets are transmitting.
On
Off
Blinking
Off
A normal 10M connection is
through this port, no data
packets are transmitting.
A normal 10M connection is
through this port, data
packets are transmitting.
2.4 R2x1UU
Figure 2.2 Front Panel (USB host type – without built in cellular module)
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2.5 R2x4HHW and R2x4GC55
Figure 2.3 Front Panel
Name
Description
Screw pluggable terminal block
Including power supply connector and serial
port interface (RS232 and RS485 optional)
SIM holder
Insert the SIM into socket
Antenna
Cellular antenna
Reset button
Power off router, press and hold ‘reset
button’, power on at the same time (please
do not release the reset button), when ERR
LED starts blinking, please release the reset
- 14 -
Console port
Ethernet port
Ethernet port
Ethernet port
Ethernet port
button, after few seconds, it will reset to
factory defaults.
Debug console serial port
WAN
DMZ
LAN
LAN
2.6 R2x4UU
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2.7 Insert SIM/UIM
Figure 2.4: Insert SIM/UIM
Power off the router, remove the SIM card cover on the base of router and insert the card
into the card slot; put back the SIM card cover.
Notice: Please insert SIM into USB Modem for R2xxUU model.
2.8. Screw pluggable terminal block
Figure 2.5: Screw pluggable terminal block
PIN Assignments
V+
VNC
TXD/485RXD/485+
GND
9~48V DC power supply positive polarity
9~48V DC power supply negative polarity
None connect
232 TX, 485232 RX,485+
Digital ground
- 16 -
2.9 Maintenance Notes
Fuse F1 Specification:
Object/Part Manufacturer/Trademark
No.
Fuse (F1)
Brightking (Shenzhen)
Co Ltd
Type/Model
BK60-110
Technical
Data
Vmax=60V
Ih=1.1A
It=2.2
Imax=40
Standard
--
Mark(s) of
conformity
UL
NO.
E244500
Replacing the Fuse F1:
Replacement of the fuse is straightforward, but only fuses supplied by the manufacturer or
with any other same fuses with the same specification can be used. Any other fuse will
invalidate the certification.
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3. Application Introduction
Use as Ordinary Router:
R200 series router can be used as ordinary router, through which users can easily access
into the Internet.
Figure 3.1: Use as Ordinary Router:
VPN Application:
R200 Series has the VPN (Virtual Private Network) function, supporting IPSec and other
VPN protocols. Multiple different LANs can communicate with each other through VPN.
Atypical network structure is as in the following illustration.
Figure 3.2: Use as VPN Router
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4. Accessing the Router
4.1 PC configuration
R200 has been set as DHCP server as default. Please configure your Ethernet connection
as follow, then Router will auto assign IP address 192.168.2.x to your PC:
Figure 4.1 Network Connections->Properties->Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
4.2 Login
Open Internet Explorer (or other web browsers), enter the IP address of router in the URL
link field, e.g. http://192.168.2.1 (- default IP of R200).
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Login
User name: adm
Password: 123456
4.3 System Configuration
System includes 9 groups of system parameter settings: Basic Setup, Time, Serial Port,
Admin Access, System Log, Config Management, Upgrade, Reboot, and Logout.
4.3.1 System -> Basic Setup
This page allows user to adjust basic settings of web configuration, e.g. configuration
language.
Basic Setup
Overall description: to select the language of the configuration interface and to set a
personalized name for the router.
Item
Description
Default Value
Language
Select the language for Web English
Configurations.
Router Name
Give a name to the router.
Router
Hostname
Give a name to the host
Router
connecting to the router.
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4.3.2 System -> Time
This page allows user to set time related parameters, including router time, timezone, and
time server, etc.
Time
Overall description: to select local timezone and configure NTP to automatically update
time.
Item
Description
Default Value
Router Time
Shows current time on the
1970-01-01 8:00:00
router.
PC Time
Shows current time on the
PC.
Timezone
Select the local timezone of Custom
the router’s location.
Custom TZ String
Enter local timezone string
CST-8
manually.
Auto Update Time
Select whether to
Disabled
automatically update router
time through NTP time
server, can select to auto
update on startup or every
1/2/… hours.
NTP Time Server (Appear
Set up network time server
pool.ntp.org
when Auto Time Update is
address (maximum to 3).
enabled)
4.3.3 System -> Serial port
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This page allows user to configure the transmission properties of the serial port of the
router (can be used only under DTU mode).
Serial Port
Overall description: configure the serial port parameters according to its applications.
Item
Description
Default Value
Baudrate
Set the Baudrate of the
19200
serial port.
Data Bits
Set the Data Bits of the
8
serial Port.
Parity
Set the parity of data
None
transmission of the serial
port.
Stop Bit
Set the stop bit of data
1
transmission of the serial
port.
Hardware Flow Control
Select whether to enable
Disabled
hardware flow control, select
to enable.
Software Flow Control
Select whether to enable
Disabled
software flow control, select
to enable.
4.3.4 System -> Admin access
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This page allows user to set administration access parameters, including username and
password, HTTP/HTTPS/TELNET/SSHD/Console access management, etc.
Admin Access
Overall descriptions:
1. Modify the username and/or password to access the router.
2. Configure management methods: HTTP, HTTPS, TELNET, SSHD, and Console.
3. Set the length of time for login timeout.
Item
Description
Default
Value
Username / Password
Username
Set the Username for web configuration.
adm
Old Password
Enter the current password that is to be replaced.
123456
New Password
Enter the new password for web configuration.
Confirm New
Enter the new password again to double-check the input.
Password
Management – HTTP/HTTPS/TELNET/SSHD/Console
Enable
Select to enable a service type.
Enabled
Service port
Enter respective service ports of the service types: HTTP, HTTP: 80
HTTPS, TELNET, SSHD, and Console.
HTTPS:
443
TELNET:
23
SSHD: 22
Console:
nil
Local access
Select to enable.
HTTP:
Enable—to allow local LAN to access and manage the
Enabled
router through a service type, e.g. HTTP.
HTTPS:
Disabled—not to allow local LAN to access and manage
Enabled
the router through a service type, e.g. HTTP.
TELNET:
Enabled
SSHD:
Enabled
Console:
Enabled
Remote access Select to enable.
HTTP:
Enable-- to allow remote host to access and manage the
Enabled
router through a service type, e.g. HTTP.
HTTPS:
Disabled — not to allow remote host to access and
Enabled
manage the router through a service type, e.g. HTTP.
TELNET:
Enabled
SSHD:
Enabled
Console:
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Enabled
Allowed
addresses from
WAN (Optional)
Description
Username
Password
Login Timeout
SMS Control
SMS Reboot
Command
Send SMS
Command To
COM
To set allowed address scope of remote host for remote
access. (Only applied to HTTP, HTTPS, TELNET, and
SSHD.)
For user to Write down descriptions of the management
options and parameters for future reference, with no
influence to the functioning of the router.
Non-privileged users
Non-privileged users could only access to R200 via Telnet,
could not access to R200 via website
Non-privileged user password
Other Parameters
Set the length of a period of time over which when there is
no operation on the pages, router will automatically logout.
Select to enable
Enable: user could input any reboot command in English
characters, after receiving the SMS command router will
auto reboot.
Remark: the command should identify uppercase and
lowercase
Select to enable, after enable router will also output the
SMS Reboot Command to COM port, for example when
user set “Reboot” as reboot command, after receiving
“Reboot” SMS command, router will reboot and output
“Reboot” to COM during the same time
500
seconds
disable
4.3.5 System -> System log
On this page, user can set the router to send system log to a remote log server.
System Log
Overall descriptions: to set IP address and port of remote log server, the router logs will
then be sent and recorded in the remote log server.
Item
Description
Default Value
Log to Remote System
Select to enable sending
Disabled
system log to a remote log
server.
IP Address / Port (UDP)
To set the IP address and
Port: 514
port of the remote log server.
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4.3.6 System -> Config management
This page allows user to import or backup a router configuration file, a modem driver, or a
Network Provider list, there is also the button to restore the router to factory default
configuration.
Config Management
Overall description:
1. Import a set of user’s pre-stored configuration, or backup current configuration to local
PC.
2. Import the latest Modem driver, or to backup current driver to local PC (- applicable only
to external Modems).
3. Import updated Network Provider list, or backup current list to local PC. Router
manufacturers usually keep updating this list so users are able to choose from all available
mobile networks.
Item
Description
Default Value
Router Configuration
Import a configuration or
backup current one.
Restore default
Press this button will restore
configuration
the router to the factory
default configuration. Note:
It will require a system
reboot to take effect.
Modem Drivers (R2xxU only) Import a driver of the
external modem, or backup
the current one.
Network Provider (ISP)
To set in parameters of the
global major Network
Providers -- the APN,
Username, Password, etc.
4.3.7 System -> Upgrade
To upgrade the firmware of the router, go to “System” -> “Upgrade”, click “Browse” to select
a firmware file, and then click on “Upgrade”.
Detail steps are:
Step 1: Click “Browse”, browse to select the firmware file to use then clicks “Open”.
- 25 -
Step 2: Click “Upgrade”, then click “OK” on the pop-up dialog box.
Step 3: The following page will be shown during upgrading:
- 26 -
Step 4: Upgraded successfully. Click “Reboot” to restart the router and have the new
firmware come in effect.
4.3.8 System -> Reboot
- 27 -
When user need to reboot the system, click “System” => “Reboot”.
4.3.9 System -> Logout
To logout, simply click “System” => “Logout”; the system will return to the login page.
4.4 Network
Under Network are 8 configuration items: Dialup, LAN, DNS, DDNS, and Static Route are
items for R2x1 and R2x4, WAN, DMZ Port, Port Mode items are for R2x4 only.
- 28 -
4.4.1 Network -> Dialup
- 29 -
This page is to configure the Dialup port, including Network Provider, username and
password, etc.
Dialup
To setup the parameters for PPP dial-in. Users usually need to set only the basic
parameters and do not need to make changes on the advanced options.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable PPP dial.
Enabled
Shared Connection
Select to enable.
Enabled
Enable—to allow local devices that
linked to the Router to access Internet
through it.
Disable—not to allow local devices that
linked to the Router to access Internet.
Network
Provider Select the local Network Provider to get Customization
(ISP)
service from.
APN (Not applicable Enter the APN parameter provided by
Please consult your
to
CDMA 2000 the mobile network operator.
Network Provider if
Series.)
needed.
Access Number
Enter the access number provided by the Please consult your
mobile network operator.
Network Provider if
needed.
User name
Enter the user name provided by the
Please consult your
mobile network operator.
Network Provider if
needed.
Password
Enter the password provided by the
Please consult your
mobile network operator.
Network Provider if
needed.
Network
Select Options include: Auto, 2G only, 3G only
Auto
Type
Remark: 2G includes GPRS and EDGE;
3G includes UMTS and HSPA
Band
Options include: All, GSM 850, GSM
All
900, GSM 1800, GSM 1900, WCDMA
850, WCDMA 900, WCDMA 1900,
WCDMA 2100
Static IP
Select to enable static IP. (You need to
Disabled
first request the Network Provider to
open this service for your account.)
Connection Mode
Options include: Always Online, Connect Always online
On Demand, and Manual.
Redial Interval
Show
Options
Advanced
Initial Commands
Dial Timeout
Connect On Demand includes: Triggered
by Data, Triggered by Call, Triggered by
SMS
To set a length of time over which the
router will redial in case of login failure.
Select to show advanced options, as are
the following options in this table.
Initial commands are used for advanced
network parameter settings, it is
generally not needed to be filled in.
Set a length of time over which the dial in
will be timeout. (System will reboot on
dial timeout.)
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30 Seconds
Disabled (Below items
are
all
advanced
options)
Blank
120 Seconds
MTU
MRU
TX queue length
Enable IP head
compression
Use
default
asyncmap
Use peer DNS
Link
Detection
Interval
Link Detection Max
Retries
Debug
Expert Options
ICMP
Server
Detection
ICMP
Detection
Interval
ICMP Detection
Timeout
ICMP Detection Max
Retries
Set the Maximum transmission Unit.
Set the Maximum receiving Unit.
Set transmission Queue Length.
Select to enable IP Head compression.
1500
1500
3
Disabled
Select to enable asyncmap, an
advanced PPP option.
Select to use the DNS allocated by the
mobile operator.
Set length time for the interval of link
detection.
Set the maximum number of trials for link
detection failure.
Select to enable Debug mode.
To provide extra PPP parameters, which
users generally do not need to set.
Set the ICMP detection server, leaving
blank means not to enable ICMP
detection.
Set length time for the interval of ICMP
detection.
Set the length of time over which ICMP
detection will get timeout. (System will
reboot on detection timeout.)
Set maximum number of trials when
ICMP detection fails.
Disabled
Enabled
30 Seconds
3
Enabled
Blank
Blank
30 Seconds
5 Seconds
5
4.4.2 Network -> LAN
This page allows user to configure the LAN ports, setting the IP address, netmask, MTU,
etc.
LAN
Overall description: set the LAN port parameters.
Item
Description
Default Value
MAC Address
Set the MAC address of the Globally unique MAC
LAN port.
address.
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IP Address
Netmask
MTU
IP Address
Description
Set the IP address of the
LAN port.
192.168.2.1
(After changing, please use
the new IP address to login
configuration.)
255.255.255.0
Set the Netmask of the LAN
port.
Maximum Transmission
Default (1500)
Unit, may choose to use the
default value or to set
manually.
Multi-IP Settings
(May set up to 8 extra IP addresses.)
Enter the extra IP address of Blank
LAN port.
Write down the description
Blank
of the multiple IP addresses.
4.4.3 DNS
This page allows user to set up the DNS servers, including the primary DNS and secondary
DNS.
DNS Settings
Overall description: set up the DNS servers manually. Usually these are left blank and the
DNS server that’s acquired on dialup will be used; however you need to enter them
manually when you are using static IP on WAN port.
Item
Description
Default Value
Primary DNS
Enter the IP address of your Blank
network’s Primary DNS
Server.
Secondary DNS
Enter the IP address of your Blank
network’s Secondary DNS
Server.
4.4.4 DDNS
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This page allows user to configure the DDNS.
DDNS
Overall description: configure DDNS.
Item
Description
Default Value
Current Address
Display current IP of Router Blank
Service Type
Select ISP providing DDNS Disabled
service.
4.4.5 Static Route
This page allows user to set up static routes by entering the destination, netmask, and
gateway parameters.
Static Route
Overall description: add or remove extra static routes for the router. Generally, users do not
need to set this.
Item
Description
Default Value
Destination
Enter the IP address of
Blank
destination network.
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Netmask
Gateway
Interface
Description
Enter the Netmask of
destination network.
Enter the gateway of
destination network.
Select to access destination
network through LAN port or
WAN port.
Write down descriptions of
the static routes for future
reference.
255.255.255.0
Blank
Blank
Blank
4.4.6 WAN (R2x4 only)
This page allows user to select WAN port type, includes Static IP, Dynamic Address
(DHCP), ADSL Dialup (PPPoE), Disabled.
Default value is Disabled.
After selecting “Static IP”, or “Dynamic Address (DHCP)”, or “ADSL Dialup (PPPoE)”,
system will disable cellular WAN port connection and popup follow warn windows.
Static IP:
- 34 -
WAN
Overall description: set the WAN port parameters.
Item
Description
Default Value
Shared Connection
Select to enable.
Enabled
Enable—to allow local
devices that linked to the
Router to access Internet
through it.
Disable—not to allow local
devices that linked to the
Router to access Internet.
MAC Address
Set the MAC address of the Globally unique MAC
WAN port.
address.
IP Address
Set the IP address of the
192.168.1.29
WAN port.
(After changing, please use
the new IP address to login
configuration.)
Netmask
Set the Netmask of the WAN 255.255.255.0
port.
Gateway
Set the Gateway of the WAN 192.168.1.1
port.
MTU
Maximum Transmission
Default (1500)
Unit, may choose to use the
default value or to set
manually.
Show Advanced Options
Select to Enable
Disable
ICMP Detection Server
Enter the address of ICMP
Blank
detection server.
ICMP Detection Interval
Set the interval length of
30 Seconds
ICMP detection.
ICMP Detection Timeout
Set the timeout length of
3 Seconds
ICMP detection.
ICMP Detection Retries
Set the maximum times of
3
retries in case of ICMP
detection failure.
Multi-IP Settings
(May set up to 8 extra IP addresses.)
IP Address
Enter the extra IP address of Blank
LAN port.
Description
Write down the description
Blank
of the multiple IP addresses.
- 35 -
DHCP
ADSL:
- 36 -
4.4.7 DMZ Port (R2x4 only)
This page allows user to set up dedicated DMZ Port.
4.4.8 Port Mode (R2x4 only)
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This page allows user to set port mode, user could set 4 Ethernet ports as 4 LAN ports, or
1 WAN port 3 LAN ports, or 1 WAN port, 1 DMZ port and 2 LAN ports.
4.5 Service
The Services tab includes 5 configuration items: DHCP Service, DNS Relay, VRRP, Device
Manager, and DTU settings.
4.5.1 Services -> DHCP Service
This page allows user to configure the DHCP service, including setting the starting and
ending address of IP pool, setting static DHCP, etc.
DHCP Service
Overall description: user need to enable DHCP when your hosts connected to the router
use automatically acquired IP addresses. And with Static DHCP, a host can acquire a
permanent IP addresses from the DHCP server.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable DHCP
Select to enable DHCP
Enabled
service to acquire IP
addresses automatically
allocated.
IP Pool Starting Address
Enter the starting address of 192.168.2.2
IP pool for dynamic
allocation.
IP Pool Ending Address
Enter the ending address of 192.168.2.100
IP pool for dynamic
- 38 -
allocation.
Enter the lease valid period 60 Minutes
of the dynamically allocated
IP address.
DNS
Edit the IP address of DNS
192.168.2.1
server.
Windows Name Server
Enter the IP address of
0.0.0.0
(WINS)
Windows Name Server.
Static DHCP
(May set up to 20 Static DHCP designations.)
MAC Address
Enter the MAC address of a Blank
host for Static DHCP
designation. (Note: MAC
addresses should be
unique, to avoid conflict with
each other.)
IP Address
Enter the permanent IP
192.168.2.2
address designated for the
MAC address.
Host
Enter a name for the host.
Blank
Lease
4.5.2 Services -> DNS Relay
This page allows user to configure the DNS Relay service, designate IP address and
domain name bundles, etc.
DNS Relay
Overall description: user need to enable this service if your hosts connected to the router
are using automatically acquired DNS server.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable DNS Relay
Select to enable DNS relay Enabled. (DNS Relay is
service.
automatically enabled when
DHCP service is enabled.)
Static [IP address <=>Domain name] Pairing
(May set up to 20 IP address<=>Domain name pairs.)
IP Address
Enter the IP address of the
Blank
IP address <=>Domain
name pair.
Host
Enter the domain name of
Blank
the IP address <=>Domain
name pair.
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Description
Write down the description
of the IP address
<=>Domain name pair for
future reference.
Blank
4.5.3 Services -> VRRP
This page is to configure VRRP function.
VRRP
Overall description: to configure VRRP.
Item
Description
Enable
Select to enable VRRP
Group ID
Select a Group ID 1-255 to
label router group.
Priority
Set a priority level within
1-254.
Advertisement Interval
Set the advertisement
interval.
Virtual IP
Set a virtual IP
Authentication Type
Select none to bypass or
password authentication.
4.5.4 Services -> Device Manager
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Default Value
Disabled
1
10 (The larger number, the
higher priority.)
60 seconds
Blank
None (Enter the password if
choose Password
Authentication.)
This page allows user to configure the Device Manager service, including setting the
vendor, device ID, and Device Manager server address.
Device Manager
Overall description: Device Manager client end connects to remote Device Manager
server, for users to manage the router and devices connected to the router remotely.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable Device
Disabled.
Manager service.
Vendor
Choose Vendor.
Default
Device ID
Enter the device ID to label
Serial number of R200
the device.
Server
Enter the address of the
Blank
Device Manager service.
Port
Enter the port of the Device 9010
Manager service.
Login Retries
Set the number of times to
3
retry for login failure.
Heartbeat Interval
Set time length for heartbeat 120
interval.
Packet Receiving Timeout
Set time length for data
Blank
packet receiving timeout.
Packet Transmit Retries
Set number of times to retry Blank
when data packet receiving
fails.
Query SMS Interval
Query SMS interval
24
Trust Phone List
Trust mobile phone list
Blank
4.5.5 Services -> DTU
- 41 -
This page is to configure the DTU function, including selecting the protocol, work mode,
and setting DTU server, etc.
DTU
Overall description: to realize common DTU functions.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable DTU
Disabled.
function.
DTU Protocol
Select Transparent, DC,
Transparent
Modbus-Net-Bridge or
Virtual-Serial
Protocol
Select UDP or TCP protocol. UDP protocol
Work Mode
Select client end or server
Client
end.
Frame Interval
Frames interval
100mseconds
Serial Buffer Frames
Serial port buffer frames
4 Kbytes
Multi-Server Policy
Select the multi-server
Parallel
policy from Parallel or Poll
Min Reconnect Interval
Minimum reconnect interval 15
Max Reconnect Interval
Maximum reconnect interval 180
DTU ID
Enter the ID of DTU.
Blank
4.6 Firewall
The Firewall configurations include Basic, Filtering, Port Mapping, Virtual IP Mapping, DMZ,
and MAC-IP Bundling.
4.6.1 Firewall -> Basic
This page allows user to configure the basic settings of Firewall, including firewall policy,
Ping filtering, and multicast filtering, etc.
- 42 -
Firewall – Basic
Overall description: set the basic rules of firewall.
Item
Description
Default Filter Policy
Select Accept or Block.
Block Anonymous WAN
Select
to
filter
PING
Requests
requests.
Filter Multicast
Select to enable the Filter
Multicast function.
Defend DoS Attack
Select to enable Defend
DoS
Attack.
Default Value
Accept
Not enabled
Enabled
Enabled
4.6.2 Firewall -> Filtering
This page is to configure access filters with parameters like protocol type, source address,
etc.
Filtering (May set up to 50 filters.)
Overall description: filter data packets passing through the router according to their
protocol, source/destination addresses and ports, to provide a safe intranet environment.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable the filter.
Blank
Proto
Select TCP/UDP/ICMP/All.
All
Source
Enter source address for the Blank
filter.
Source Port
Enter source port for the
Blank
filter.
Destination
Enter destination address
Blank
for the filter.
Destination Port
Enter destination port for the Blank
filter.
Action
Select Accept or Block.
Accept
Log
Select to enable, so system Disabled
will make the log of filtering.
Description
Write down descriptions of
Blank
the
filtering parameters for
future reference.
- 43 -
4.6.3 Firewall -> Port Mapping
This page allows user to set up portmaps, entering the source and internal address and
port to map each other.
Port Mapping (May set up to 50 rules.)
Overall description: also called Virtual Server. With portmaps set, an external host will be
able to access a designated port on the internal host of designated IP.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable portmap.
Disabled.
Source
Enter the source IP address 0.0.0.0/0
of the portmap.
Service Port
Enter the service port of the 8080
portmap.
Internal Address
Enter the internal IP address Blank
of the portmap.
Internal Port
Enter the internal port of the 8080
portmap.
Log
Select to enable system to
Not enabled
log
portmap activities.
Description
Write down descriptions of
Blank
each portmap settings for
future reference.
4.6.4 Firewall -> Virtual IP Mapping
This page allows user to set up virtual IP mapping, by entering the router’s virtual IP, the
range of source IP, etc.
- 44 -
Virtual IP Mapping (May set up to 50 virtual IP mappings.)
Overall descripton: map the IP addresses of the router and internal hosts to their virtual IP
addresses respectively. Without changing IP allocation of intranet, hosts from extranet can
access internal hosts by their virtual IPs. This function is often used together with VPN.
Item
Description
Default Value
Virtual IP for Router
Enter the virtual IP address Blank
for the router.
Source IP Range
Enter the range of source IP Blank
address.
Virtual IP
Enter the virtual IP.
Blank
Real IP
Enter the real IP
Blank
corresponding to the virtual
IP.
Log
Select to enable system to
Disabled
log virtual IP mapping
activities.
Description
Write down descriptions of
Blank
each virtual IP mapping
settings for future reference.
4.6.5 Firewall -> DMZ
This page allows user to set up a DMZ host and the source IP address restriction rules.
DMZ
Overall description: setting a DMZ will provide more safety to your intranet.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable DMZ
Select to enable DMZ.
Disabled
DMZ Host
Enter the address of the
Blank
DMZ host.
Source Address Restriction Set restriction rules of
Blank
source addresses.
(Optional)
4.6.6 Firewall -> MAC-IP Bundling
- 45 -
This page allows user to set up MAC-IP bundles.
MAC-IP Bundling
(May set up to 20 MAC-IP bundles.)
Overall description: when the firewall default policy in basic settings is set as
‘Block’, only devices set in MAC-IP Bundling list can access the Internet.
Item
Description
Default Value
MAC Address
Enter the MAC address of
Blank
the device.
IP Address
Enter the IP address to be
192.168.2.2
bundled with the MAC
address.
Description
Write down descriptions of
Blank
each MAC-IP bundle
settings for future reference.
4.7 QOS
Under the QoS tab, there is simply the Basic Settings of QoS.
On this page, user can set the basic parameters for flow control, including the outbound
and inbound bandwidth limits.
QoS
Overall description: control flow amount by setting bandwidth limits of Internet access.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
Select to enable flow
Disabled
control.
Outbound Limit: Max
Set the maximum limit for
100000kbit/s
Bandwidth
outbound bandwidth.
Inbound Limit: Max
Set the maximum limit for
100000kbit/s
Bandwidth
inbound bandwidth.
4.8 VPN
- 46 -
We will introduce IPSEC client only in this part, for further PPTP, L2TP, GRE, OpenVPN
and CA certificate technical support, please contact with us.
4.8.1 VPN -> IPSEC Basic Setting
This page allows user to configure the basic parameters of IPSec VPN, including NAT
Traversal, data Compression, Debug, etc.
IPSec VPN Basic Settings
Overall description:
1. Select whether to enable NATT, this is usually set as enabled unless it’s confirmed there
is no NAT router in the network. To maintain the connection of VPN tunnel, you also need to
set an appropriate length of NATT interval.
2. Select whether to enable data compression and debug mode.
Item
Description
Default Value
Enable
NAT-Traversal Select to enable
Enabled
(NATT)
NAT-Traversal (NATT).
Keep Alive Time Interval of
Set the time length of
60 Seconds
NATT
interval to keep
NAT-Traversal alive
- 47 -
Enable Compression
Debug
Select to enable data
compression.
Select to enable debug
mode.
4.8.2 VPN -> IPSEC Tunnels
Click “Add” to go to the “Edit IPSec Tunnel” page.
- 48 -
Enabled
Disabled
This page is to configure the IPSec tunnel parameters, including basic parameters, Phase
I parameters, Phase II parameters, etc.
IPSec Tunnel
Overall description: configure IPSec tunnel.
Item
Description
Default Value
Show Advanced Options
Select the box to have
Disabled
advanced
options shown.
Basic Parameters
Tunnel Name
Give a name for the tunnel. IPSec_tunnel_1
Destination Address
Enter the IP/domain name of Blank
the opposite end of VPN.
Startup Modes
Select from: Auto Activation, Auto Activation
Data Triggering, Passive,
and Manual Activation
Negotiation Mode
Select Main mode or
Main mode
Aggressive mode.
Remarks: Generally, you
should select Main mode
here.
IPSec Protocol (Advanced
Select ESP or AH protocol.
ESP
Option)
IPSec Mode (Advanced
Select Tunnel Mode or
Tunnel Mode
Option)
Transport Mode.
Tunnel Type
Select from 4 types:
Subnet – Subnet
Host-Host,
Host-Subnet,
Subnet-Host,
Subnet-Subnet.
Local Subnet
Set the local IPSec
192.168.2.1
protection subnet.
Local Netmask
Set the netmask of the local 255.255.255.0
IPSec protection subnet.
Remote Subnet
Set the protection subnet on Blank
the opposite end of IPSec.
Remote Netmask
Set the netmask of the
255.255.255.0
protection subnet on the
- 49 -
IKE Policy
IKE Lifetime
Local ID Type
Local ID
(Applicable only for FQDN
and USERFQDN IDs)
Remote ID Type
Remote ID
Applicable only for FQDN
and USERFQDN IDs)
Authentication Type
Key
(Displayed when
Authentication Type is set as
‘Shared Key’)
opposite end of IPSec.
Phase I Parameters
Select 3DES-MD5-96 or
AES-MD5-96.
Set the lifetime of IKE.
Select from FQDN,
USERFQDN, and IP
Address.
Enter the ID according to
selected ID type.
3DES-MD5-96
86400 Seconds
IP Address
Blank
Select from FQDN,
USERFQDN, and IP
Address.
Enter the ID according to
selected ID type.
IP Address
Select Share Key or
Certificate.
Set up the shared key of
IPSec VPN.
Shared Key
Blank
Blank
Phase 2 Parameters
Select 3DES-MD5-96 or
3DES-MD5-96
AES-MD5-96.
IPSec Lifetime
Set the lifetime of IKE.
3600 Seconds
Perfect Forward Serecy
Select from None,
None
(PFS) (Advanced Option)
GROUP1, GROUP2, and
(This setting should match
GROUP5.
with the server end.)
Link Detection Parameters (Advanced Options)
DPD Time Interval
Set the interval length of
60 Seconds
DPD.
DPD Timeout
Set the timeout length of
180 Seconds
DPD.
ICMP Detection Server
Enter the address of ICMP
Blank
detection server.
ICMP Detection Interval
Set the interval length of
30 Seconds
ICMP detection.
ICMP Detection Timeout
Set the timeout length of
5 Seconds
ICMP detection.
ICMP Detection Retries
Set the maximum times of
3
retries in case of ICMP
detection failure.
IPSec Policy
- 50 -
4.8.3 VPN -> GRE Tunnels
4.8.4 VPN -> L2TP Clients
- 51 -
4.8.6 VPN -> L2TP Server
4.8.7 VPN -> PPTP Clients
- 52 -
4.8.8 VPN -> PPTP Server
- 53 -
4.8.9 VPN -> OpenVPN Tunnels
- 54 -
4.8.10 VPN -> OpenVPN Advanced
4.8.10 VPN -> Certificate Management
- 55 -
4.9 Tools
Tools tab include 3 groups of configurations: PING, Traceroute and Link Speed Test.
4.9.1 Tools -> PING
This page provides the Ping tool: enter host, count and packet size, Ping the host to test
the connection.
PING
Overall description: a tool to Ping from the router to extranet.
Item
Description
Default Value
Host
Enter the address of the
Blank
host to Ping.
Ping Count
Enter the count (i.e. times)
4
to PING.
Packet Size
Set the packet size of PING. 32 Bytes
Expert Options
To enter advanced settings
Blank
of Ping.
4.9.2 Tools -> Traceroute
- 56 -
On this page, user can enter a host address and related
directing to this host.
Traceroute
Overall description: to trace routing problems in the network.
Item
Description
Host
Enter the destination host
address for the tracing.
Maximum Hops
Set maximum hops for the
tracing.
Timeout
Set the timeout length for
the tracing.
Protocol
Select ICMP or UDP.
Expert Options
To enter advanced settings
for the tracing.
4.9.3 Tools -> Link Speed Test
On this page, user can test upload and download link speed.
4.10 Status
- 57 -
settings to check the route
Default Value
Blank
20
3 Seconds
UDP
Blank
Under Status tab are 6 groups of configurations: System, Modem, Network Connections,
Route Table, Device List, and Log.
4.10.1 Status -> System
This page shows basic information of the system status: name, model, version, router time,
PC time (- click “Sync Time” to have the router’s time sync with PC), up time, CPU load,
and memory consumption status.
4.10.2 Status -> Modem
This page allows user to check real-time status of the built-in Cellular Module (R2xxHHW
or R2xxGC only) or 3G USB modem (R2xxUU only).
- 58 -
4.10.3 Status -> Network Connections
This page displays the connection status of WAN, Dialup, and LAN ports.
The WAN connection part displays the MAC address, connection type, IP address,
netmask, gateway, DNS, MTU, status, and connection time. With DHCP dynamic
allocation, you may apply to renew or release the lease.
The Dialup connection part displays the connection type, IP address, netmask, gateway,
DNS, MTU, status, and connection time. And you may connect/disconnect the link by
clicking the corresponding buttons.
The LAN connection part displays the MAC address, IP address, netmask, MTU, and DNS.
4.10.4 Status -> Route Table
This page displays the current route table, including the destination, netmask, gateway,
metric, and interface of the routes.
4.10.5 Status -> Device List
- 59 -
Device List is shown on this page, the device information include the interface, MAC
address, IP address, host, and lease.
4.10.6 Status -> Log
This page lets user review the system logs. user may select to view 20/50/…/all recent
lines of the log, or have the logs ranked by information Level (Info/Debug/Alert), Time,
Module, or Content.
user may clear logs, download log file, or download System Diagnosing Data with the
buttons on the page bottom. The default refreshing rate of this page is every 1 minute,
which user may change by stopping the refreshing and select a desired rate from the
pull-down list on the left.
- 60 -
5. How to upgrade new firmware
Please refer to section 4.3.7 Upgrade for upgrade new firmware operation.
- 61 -
6. How to diagnose
When user faced problem during testing, please power off the router, then power on and
keep it running for 3 minutes, go to page “Status -> Log”, download system diagnosing
data and send to Greentel for analyzing.
- 62 -
7. Configure via Telnet
Open command window. (Click “Start” => “Run”, enter “cmd” in the pop-up dialog box to
have DOS window opened.) Enter “telnet 192.168.2.1” (i.e. to connect to R200 when its IP
is 192.168.2.1).
User name: adm
Password: 123456
- 63 -
8. Configure via Serial Port
Connect the computer to the console RJ45 port of R200 with a serial cable, open the
Windows tool – Hyper Terminal.
- 64 -
- 65 -
- 66 -
User name: adm
Password: 123456
- 67 -
9. How to reset to factory defaults settings
8.1 Reset by software
Press ‘Restore default configuration’ button will restore the router to the factory default
configuration. Note: It will require a system reboot to take effect.
8.2 Reset by hardware
1. Power off, and then hold pressing reset button, then power on;
2. After Status LED blinking and Error LED on, stop holding reset button;
3. After step 2, Error LED will off;
4. In 30 seconds, please hold pressing reset button until Error LED blinking;
5. Stop hold pressing reset button, and router has restored to factory default.
- 68 -
10. Support
In case you have problems with the installation and use, please address them to the
Technical Assistance Department by e-mail [email protected]
GREENTEL LIMITED
Address: 11 Daling Rd, Huizhou, China, 516001
WEB: http://www.greentel.cn
EMAIL: [email protected]
Copyright Greentel Limited 2001-2010. All rights reserved.
Subject to alterations without notice.
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