pennsylvania workers compensation manual rules

pennsylvania workers compensation manual rules
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION
MANUAL
Of
RULES, CLASSIFICATIONS AND
RATING VALUES
FOR
WORKERS COMPENSATION AND
FOR EMPLOYERS LIABILITY
INSURANCE
Effective APRIL 1, 2014
PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
EFFECTIVE: APRIL 1, 2014
PREFACE
Page 1
PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Manual Information Page
April 1, 2014 Manual
Section 1
Effective April 1, 2014
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Membership changes
Rule IX, A, 6 - Premium Determination – Executive Officers
Rule IX, D - Sole Proprietors, Partnerships and Members of Limited Liability Companies
Rule IX, H - Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program
Section 2
Effective April 1, 2014
o
o
o
o
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Revisions to Rating Values
Revision to Pennsylvania Volunteer Firemen Code 994 Schedule of Annual Loss Costs
Revised Experience Rating Plan Expected Loss Factors for Discontinued Classes
Revised Small Deductible Program and Loss Elimination Ratios
Revisions to US L&H Rates and Loss Rates, Expense Constant, Loading Factor and Tax Multiplier
Housekeeping revisions to 30 Codes and 31 Underwriting Guide entries
Deletion of Code 602
Revision to General Auditing and Classification Clearing of Land, Deletion of Code 602 in Temporary Staffing
Classification Cross Reference Chart and Deletion of Limousine Operation Classification
Underwriting Guide revisions to 50 classes
Section 3
Effective April 1, 2014
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Deletion of Seven Retrospective Rating Plan Endorsements
Updated Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry Forms, LIBC-513 and LIBC-509
Section 5
Effective April 1, 2014
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Revised Section V.7 Tabulation of Experience, Change to Revision of Losses
Any questions, suggestions or comments about this Manual should be directed to Bruce Decker at bdecker@pcrb.com
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
EFFECTIVE APRIL 1, 2014
PREFACE
Page 2
PREFACE
A.
In accordance with Section 654 of The Insurance Company Law of May 17, 1921, P.L. 682 and Act 44 of 1993, Act 57 of
1996, as amended, the Insurance Commissioner has approved this Manual of risk classes, underwriting rules, bureau rating
values and rating plans, to become effective 12:01 A.M, April 1, 2014 with respect to all policies, the effective date of which is
April 1, 2014 or thereafter, subject to the following express conditions, for the State Workers’ Insurance Fund and for the
insurance companies, corporations, associations and exchanges enumerated in the attached list and for no other insurance
company, corporation, association or exchange.
B.
Organization of Manual
This Manual has six sections:
Section 1 – Underwriting Rules
Section 2 – Rating Values and Classifications/General Auditing and Classification Information
Section 3 – Endorsements
Section 4 – Retrospective Rating Plans
Section 5 – Experience Rating Plan
Section 6 – Merit Rating Plan
C.
Definitions
The following words are referenced in Act 44 of 1993 or have been used in this Manual with meanings intended to be
consistent with the requirements of that Act. For purposes of improving the understanding of the Manual, definitions of these
words as used elsewhere in this Manual are set forth below.
1. Bureau Data Card – Bureau Data Cards are issued by the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau. These data
cards provide the risk name, location, Bureau file number, authorized classification(s) and if applicable the risk’s
experience modification for a minimum of one year.
Risks approved for the Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program and any other
applicable credit programs will be shown on these data cards.
2. Bureau Loss Costs – Dollar amounts per unit of exposure attributable to the payment of losses under workers
compensation and employers liability coverages, filed by the Bureau based on the aggregate experience of all Bureau
members and approved by the Insurance Commissioner.
3. Bureau Rating Values – All parameters filed by the Bureau and approved by the Insurance Commissioner, and which
are used either mandatorily or by option of carriers for purposes of pricing workers compensation and employers liability
coverages. Such Bureau rating values include Bureau Loss Costs, experience rating plan values such as Expected
Loss Cost Factors, Credibility, Maximum Value of One Accident, and Credibility Weighted Maximum Value Charge,
retrospective rating plan values such as the Table of Expected Loss Ranges, Excess Loss Pure Premium Factors,
Retrospective Pure Premium Development Factors, and expense parameters applicable to U.S.L.&H.W. coverages
such as Premium Discounts, Expected Loss Ratio, Expense Ratios, Tax Multipliers and Loss Conversion Factors.
4. Carrier Rate – The amount per unit of exposure which an insurance carrier charges for workers compensation and
employers liability insurance.
5. Carrier Rating Values – All parameters used by carriers for purposes of pricing workers compensation and employers
liability insurance coverages. Such parameters may be either Bureau Rating Values adopted by a carrier for its own use
or values independently determined by a carrier.
6. Loss Cost – Dollar amounts per unit of exposure attributable to the payment of losses under workers compensation
and employers liability coverages. Loss Costs may be developed either by the Bureau based on the aggregate
experience of all Bureau members or may be established by individual carriers based on their own supporting
information.
7. Provision for Claim Payment – Historical aggregate losses projected through development to their ultimate value and
through trending to a future point in time, but excluding all loss adjustment or claim management expenses, other
operating expenses, assessments, taxes and profit or contingency allowances. In this Manual the term "Loss Cost" is
synonymous with Provision for Claim Payment.
8. Rating Value – A parameter or number used in pricing workers compensation or employers liability insurance
coverages. Rating Values may be established by the Bureau or by individual carriers. Where individual carriers have
established Rating Values different from those of the Bureau, the carrier's values supersede those of the Bureau for
purposes of that insurer's policies.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
EFFECTIVE: APRIL 1, 2014
PREFACE
Page 3
D. Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau Membership List
ACADIA Insurance Company.
Accident Fund General Insurance Company.
Accident Fund Insurance Company of America.
Accident Fund National Insurance Company.
ACE American Insurance Company.
ACE Fire Underwriters Insurance Company.
ACE Property & Casualty Insurance Company.
ACIG Insurance Company.
ACUITY, A Mutual Insurance Company.
Advantage Workers Compensation Insurance Company.
AIG Assurance Company
AIG Property Casualty Company
AIU Insurance Company.
Alea North America Insurance Company.
Alliance National Insurance Company.
Allied Eastern Indemnity Company.
Allied Property and Casualty Insurance Company.
Allmerica Financial Alliance Insurance Company
Allmerica Financial Benefit Insurance Company.
Allstate Indemnity Company.
Allstate Insurance Company.
AMCO Insurance Company.
American Alternative Insurance Corporation.
American Automobile Insurance Company.
American Business & Personal Insurance Mutual, Inc.
American Casualty Company of Reading.
American Compensation Insurance Company.
American Country Insurance Company.
American Economy Insurance Company.
American European Insurance Company.
American Family Home Insurance Company
American Fire and Casualty Company.
American Guarantee and Liability Insurance Company.
American Home Assurance Company.
American Insurance Company, The.
American Interstate Insurance Company.
American Manufacturers' Mutual Insurance Company.
American Mining Insurance Company.
American Modern Home Insurance Company
American Motorists Insurance Company.
American Safety Casualty Insurance Company.
American Select Insurance Company.
American States Insurance Company of Texas.
American States Insurance Company.
American Zurich Insurance Company.
AmeriHealth Casualty Insurance Company.
Amerisure Insurance Company.
Amerisure Mutual Insurance Company.
Amerisure Partners Insurance Company
Amguard Insurance Company.
AmTrust Insurance Company of Kansas, Inc.
Arch Insurance Company.
Argonaut Great Central Insurance Company.
Argonaut Insurance Company.
Argonaut-Midwest Insurance Company.
Associated Indemnity Corporation.
Association Insurance Company.
Assurance Company of America.
Atlantic Specialty Insurance Company.
Atlantic States Insurance Company.
Automobile Insurance Company of Hartford, Connecticut.
Auto-Owners Insurance Company.
BancInsure, Inc.
Bankers Standard Fire and Marine Company.
Bankers Standard Insurance Company.
Benchmark Insurance Company.
Berkley National Insurance Company.
Berkley Regional Insurance Company.
Berkshire Hathaway Homestate Insurance Company.
Bituminous Casualty Corporation.
Bituminous Fire and Marine Insurance Company.
Bloomington Compensation Insurance Company.
Brethren Mutual Insurance Company, The.
BrickStreet Mutual Insurance Company.
Brotherhood Mutual Insurance Company.
California Insurance Company.
Camden Fire Insurance Association, The.
Carolina Casualty Insurance Company.
CastlePoint National Insurance Company.
Century Indemnity Company.
Charter Oak Fire Insurance Company.
Cherokee Insurance Company.
Chubb Indemnity Insurance Company
Chubb National Insurance Company
Church Mutual Insurance Company.
Cincinnati Casualty Company.
Cincinnati Indemnity Company.
Cincinnati Insurance Company, The.
Citizens Insurance Company of America.
Clarendon National Insurance Company.
Colony Specialty Insurance Company.
Commerce and Industry Insurance Company.
Companion Commercial Insurance Company.
Companion Property & Casualty Insurance Company.
Comp Options Insurance Company, Inc.
Continental Casualty Company.
Continental Indemnity Company.
Continental Insurance Company, The.
Continental Western Insurance Company.
Crum & Forster Indemnity Company.
Cumberland Insurance Company, Inc.
Dakota Truck Underwriters
Deerfield Insurance Company.
Depositors Insurance Company.
Discover Property & Casualty Insurance Company.
Donegal Mutual Insurance Company.
Eastern Advantage Assurance Company.
Eastern Alliance Insurance Company.
Eastguard Insurance Company.
Electric Insurance Company.
Emcasco Insurance Company.
EMC Property and Casualty Company
Employers Assurance Company.
Employers Compensation Insurance Company.
Employers Preferred Insurance Company.
Employers’ Fire Insurance Company.
Employers’ Insurance Company of Wausau.
Employers’ Mutual Casualty Company.
Erie Insurance Company of New York.
Erie Insurance Company.
Erie Insurance Exchange.
Erie Insurance Property & Casualty Company.
Everest National Insurance Company.
Everett Cash Mutual Insurance Company.
Excelsior Insurance Company.
Explorer Insurance Company.
Fairfield Insurance Company.
Fairmont Premier Insurance Company.
Fairmont Specialty Insurance Company.
Farmers Insurance Exchange.
Farmington Casualty Company.
Farmland Mutual Insurance Company.
Federal Insurance Company.
Federated Mutual Insurance Company.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
EFFECTIVE: APRIL 1, 2014
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Federated Rural Electric Insurance Exchange.
Federated Service Insurance Company.
Fidelity and Deposit Company of Maryland.
Fidelity and Guaranty Insurance Company.
Fidelity and Guaranty Insurance Underwriters, Inc.
Fireman's Fund Insurance Company.
Firemen's Insurance Company of Washington, D.C.
First Dakota Indemnity Company
First Liberty Insurance Corporation.
First National Insurance Company of America.
First Nonprofit Insurance Company.
FirstComp Insurance Company.
Firstline National Insurance Company.
Flagship City Insurance Company.
Florists’ Insurance Company.
Florists’ Mutual Insurance Company.
Foremost Insurance Company Grand Rapids, Michigan
Foremost Property and Casualty Insurance Company
Foremost Signature Insurance Company
Frank Winston Crum Insurance Company
Freedom Advantage Insurance Company
Freestone Insurance Company
Frontier Insurance Company.
General Casualty Company of Wisconsin.
General Casualty Insurance Company.
General Insurance Company of America.
Genesis Insurance Company.
Grange Mutual Casualty Company.
Granite State Insurance Company.
Graphic Arts Mutual Insurance Company.
Gray Insurance Company (The).
Great American Alliance Insurance Company.
Great American Assurance Company.
Great American Insurance Company.
Great American Insurance Company of New York.
Great Divide Insurance Company.
Great Northern Insurance Company.
Great West Casualty Company.
Greater New York Mutual Insurance Company.
Greenwich Insurance Company.
Guarantee Insurance Company.
GuideOne Mutual Insurance Company.
Hamilton Mutual Insurance Company
Hanover Insurance Company, The.
Hanover American Insurance Company
Harco National Insurance Company.
Harford Mutual Insurance Company.
Harleysville Insurance Company of New Jersey.
Harleysville Insurance Company.
Harleysville Preferred Insurance Company.
Harleysville Worcester Insurance Company.
Hartford Accident and Indemnity Company.
Hartford Casualty Insurance Company.
Hartford Fire Insurance Company.
Hartford Insurance Company of the Midwest.
Hartford Insurance Company of the Southeast.
Hartford Underwriters Insurance Company.
HDI-Gerling America Insurance Company.
Highlands Insurance Company.
Highmark Casualty Insurance Company.
HM Casualty Insurance Company.
Housing and Redevelopment Insurance Exchange.
Illinois National Insurance Company.
Imperium Insurance Company.
Indemnity Insurance Company of North America.
Insurance Company of Greater New York.
Insurance Company of North America.
Insurance Company of the State of Pennsylvania, The.
Insurance Company of the West.
Key Risk Insurance Company.
Lackawanna American Insurance Company.
Lackawanna Casualty Company.
Lackawanna National Insurance Company.
Lancer Insurance Company.
Laundry Owners’ Mutual Liability Insurance Association.
Laurier Indemnity Company.
Leading Insurance Group Insurance Company, Ltd.
Lebanon Valley Insurance Company.
Liberty Insurance Corporation.
Liberty Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
Liberty Mutual Insurance Company.
Lincoln General Insurance Company.
Lion Insurance Company.
LM Insurance Corporation.
Lumbermen's Mutual Casualty Company.
Lumbermen's Underwriting Alliance.
Maine Employers' Mutual Insurance Company.
Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company.
Markel Insurance Company.
Maryland Casualty Company.
Massachusetts Bay Insurance Company.
Medmarc Casualty Insurance Company.
MEMIC Casualty Company
MEMIC Indemnity Company.
Mercer Insurance Company.
Merchants Mutual Insurance Company.
Merchants Preferred Insurance Company.
Meridian Security Insurance Company.
Mid-Century Insurance Company.
Middlesex Insurance Company.
Midwest Employers Casualty Company.
Millers Capital Insurance Company.
Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Company of America.
Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance USA Inc.
Montgomery Mutual Insurance Company.
Motorists Commercial Mutual Insurance Company.
Motorists’ Mutual Insurance Company.
Mutual Benefit Insurance Company.
National American Insurance Company.
National Casualty Company.
National Fire Insurance Company of Hartford.
National Interstate Insurance Company.
National Surety Corporation.
National Union Fire Insurance Company of Pittsburgh, Pa.
Nationwide Agribusiness Insurance Company.
Nationwide Mutual Fire Insurance Company.
Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company.
Nationwide Property and Casualty Insurance Company.
Netherlands Insurance Company.
New Hampshire Insurance Company.
New Jersey Manufacturers' Insurance Company.
New York Marine and General Insurance Company.
NGM Insurance Company.
NIPPONKOA Insurance Company, Ltd. US Branch.
Norguard Insurance Company.
North American Elite Insurance Company.
North American Specialty Insurance Company.
North Pointe Insurance Company.
North River Insurance Company, The.
NorthStone Insurance Company
Northbrook Indemnity Company.
Northern Assurance Company of America, The.
Northern Insurance Company of New York.
NOVA Casualty Company.
OBI National Insurance Company.
Ohio Casualty Insurance Company.
Ohio Security Insurance Company.
Old Republic General Insurance Corporation.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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Old Republic Insurance Company.
OneBeacon America Insurance Company.
OneBeacon Insurance Company.
Oriska Insurance Company.
Owners Insurance Company.
Pacific Employers' Insurance Company.
Pacific Indemnity Company.
Paramount Insurance Company.
Patriot General Insurance Company.
Peerless Indemnity Insurance Company.
Peerless Insurance Company.
Peninsula Indemnity Company.
Peninsula Insurance Company (The).
Penn Millers Insurance Company.
Penn National Security Insurance Company.
Pennsylvania Insurance Company.
Pennsylvania Lumbermens Mutual Insurance Company.
Pennsylvania Manufacturers' Association Insurance
Company.
Pennsylvania Manufacturers Indemnity Company.
Pennsylvania National Mutual Casualty Insurance
Company.
Pharmacists Mutual Insurance Company.
Phoenix Insurance Company, The.
PinnaclePoint Insurance Company.
Potomac Insurance Company.
Praetorian Insurance Company.
Preferred Professional Insurance Company.
Princeton Insurance Company.
Property and Casualty Insurance Company of Hartford.
Protective Insurance Company.
Public Service Insurance Company.
QBE Insurance Corporation.
Regent Insurance Company.
Republic-Franklin Insurance Company.
Riverport Insurance Company.
RLI Insurance Company.
Rockwood Casualty Insurance Company.
SAFECO Insurance Company of America.
Safety First Insurance Company.
Safety National Casualty Corp.
Samsung Fire & Marine Insurance Co., LTD US Branch.
School Boards Insurance Company of Pennsylvania, Inc.
SeaBright Insurance Company.
SECURA Insurance, A Mutual Company.
Security National Insurance Company.
Select Risk Insurance Company.
Selective Insurance Company of America.
Selective Insurance Company of New York.
Selective Insurance Company of South Carolina.
Selective Insurance Company of the Southeast.
Selective Way Insurance Company.
Seneca Insurance Company, Inc.
Sentinel Insurance Company, Ltd.
Sentry Casualty Company.
Sentry Insurance, A Mutual Company.
Sentry Select Insurance Company.
Somerset Casualty Insurance Company.
Sompo Japan Fire & Marine Insurance Company of
America
Sompo Japan Insurance Company of America.
Southern Insurance Company of Virginia.
Southern Insurance Company.
Southern States Insurance Exchange.
SPARTA Insurance Company.
St. Paul Fire and Marine Insurance Company.
St. Paul Guardian Insurance Company.
St. Paul Mercury Insurance Company.
St. Paul Protective Insurance Company.
Standard Fire Insurance Company, The.
Star Insurance Company.
StarNet Insurance Company.
Starr Indemnity & Liability Company.
State Auto Property & Casualty Insurance Company.
State Automobile Mutual Insurance Company.
State Farm Fire and Casualty Company.
State National Insurance Company, Inc.
State Workers’ Insurance Fund.
Statesman Insurance Company.
Stonewood National Insurance Company
Stonington Insurance Company
Strathmore Insurance Company.
SummitPoint Insurance Company.
Synergy Comp Insurance Company.
T.H.E. Insurance Company.
Technology Insurance Company.
TIG Insurance Company.
TNUS Insurance Company
Tokio Marine America Insurance Company
Tokio Marine & Nichido Fire Insurance Company, Ltd.
Torus National Insurance Company.
Tower Insurance Company of New York.
Tower National Insurance Company.
Trans Pacific Insurance Company.
Transguard Insurance Company of America, Inc.
Transportation Insurance Company.
Travelers Casualty and Surety Company of America.
Travelers Casualty and Surety Company.
Travelers Casualty Company of Connecticut.
Travelers Casualty Insurance Company of America.
Travelers Commercial Insurance Company.
Travelers Indemnity Company of America.
Travelers Indemnity Company of Connecticut, The.
Travelers Indemnity Company, The.
Travelers Property Casualty Company of America.
Tri-State Insurance Company of Minnesota
Triumphe Casualty Company
Truck Insurance Exchange.
Trumbull Insurance Company.
Trustgard Insurance Company.
Twin City Fire Insurance Company.
U.S. Specialty Insurance Company.
Ullico Casualty Company.
Union Insurance Company.
Union Insurance Company of Providence
United States Fidelity and Guaranty Company.
United States Fire Insurance Company.
United Wisconsin Insurance Company.
Universal Underwriters' Insurance Company.
UPMC Health Benefits, Inc.
UPMC Work Alliance, Inc.
Utica Mutual Insurance Company.
Valley Forge Insurance Company.
Vanliner Insurance Company.
Vigilant Insurance Company.
Vinings Insurance Company.
Wausau Business Insurance Company.
Wausau Underwriters' Insurance Company.
Wesco Insurance Company.
West American Insurance Company.
Westchester Fire Insurance Company.
Westfield Insurance Company.
Westfield National Insurance Company.
WestGUARD Insurance Company.
Westport Insurance Corporation.
Williamsburg National Insurance Company.
Work First Casualty Company.
XL Insurance America, Inc.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
EFFECTIVE: APRIL 1, 2014
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XL Specialty Insurance Company.
Zenith Insurance Company.
ZNAT Insurance Company.
Zurich American Insurance Company of Illinois.
Zurich American Insurance Company.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 – UNDERWRITING RULES
RULE I – GENERAL
A.
Workers Compensation
B.
Standard Policy
C.
Endorsement Forms
D.
Endorsement Forms Section
E.
Application of Manual Rules
F.
Effective Date
1. Manual
2. Changes
G.
Anniversary Rating Date
1. Definition
2. Rewritten Policies
3. Long Term Policies
H.
Filing Requirements
1. Policy
2. Policy Writing Procedures
3. Endorsements
4. Standard Endorsement Filing Procedure
5. Binders
I.
Policy Corrections
J.
Medical Contracts
RULE II – EXPLANATION OF COVERAGES AND METHODS OF INSURING
A.
Part One – Workers Compensation Insurance
1. Description of Coverage A
2. Pennsylvania Coverage
3. Longshore Coverage
4. Deductible Coverage
B.
Coverage Requirements
C.
Part Two – Employers Liability Insurance
1. Description of Coverage B
2. Employers Liability for Diseases
3. Admiralty Law or Federal Employers’ Liability Act
4. Employers Liability Insurance with Workers Compensation Insurance
5. Employers Liability Insurance without Workers Compensation Insurance
D.
Voluntary Compensation Insurance
1. Description of Voluntary Compensation Insurance
2. How Provided
E.
Part Three – Other States Insurance
1. Description of Other States Coverage
2. States where not Available
3. Restriction on Use
4. Premium
F.
Deductible Coverage
G.
Group Deductible or Retrospective Rating Plan Coverage
RULE III – POLICY PREPARATION – INSURED, POLICY PERIOD AND STATE OF OPERATIONS
A.
Explanations of Terms
1. Employer/Entity
2. Insured
3. Majority Interest
4. Risk
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C.
D.
B. Name, Address and Other Work-Places of Insured
1. Combination of Legal Entities
2. Name of Insured
3. Pennsylvania Locations
Policy Period
1. Normal Policy Period
2. Policy for One Year
3. Policy Longer than One Year
4. Renewal Certificates/Agreements
5. Three Year Fixed Carrier Rating Value Policy Option
6. Annual Rating Endorsements
State Laws Designated in the Policy
1. Listing of Pennsylvania
2. Longshore Act
3. Additional States
RULE IV – CLASSIFICATIONS
A.
General Explanation
1. Objective
B.
Classifications
1. Basic Classifications
2. Standard Exception Classification
a. Clerical Office Employees
b. Salespersons, Collectors, or Messengers, Outside
3. General Inclusions
4. General Exclusions
C.
Assignment of Classifications
1. Object of Classification Procedure
2. Assignment of a Classification
3. Assignment of Additional Classifications
4. Assignment of Analogy
5. Payroll Assignment – Multiple Classifications Interchange of Labor
6. Construction or Erection Operations
7. NOC Definition
8. Changing Classifications
9. Classification Appeal
10. Mercantile Business/Stores
D.
Show the Classifications in Item 4 of the Information Page
RULE V – PREMIUM BASIS
A.
Basis of Premium – Total Remuneration
B.
Remuneration – Payroll
1. Definition
2. Inclusions
3. Exclusions
4. Payroll
5. Employee Savings Plans
C.
Estimated Payrolls
1. Estimated Payrolls by Classification
2. Determination of Estimated Payrolls
3. Approval of Estimated Payrolls
D.
Whole Dollars – Payrolls
E.
Payroll Limitation
1. How Payroll Limitation Applies
2. Partial Week
F.
Basis of Premium Additional Information
1 Employee Expense Reimbursements
2 Salary Reduction Plans
3 Strike Periods (Wages Paid)
4 Traveling Time Periods
5 Wages Paid for Idle Time
6 Religious Exclusions
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7
8
9
Members of Religious Orders
Subcontractors
Outworkers/Homeworkers
RULE VI – RATING VALUES AND PREMIUM DETERMINATION
A.
Bureau Rating Values
1. Bureau Loss Cost
2. Disease or Radiation Loading
3. Premium Adjustment Factor
4. Experience Rating Factor
5. Terrorism
6. Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism)
7. Employer Assessment Pursuant to Act 57 of 1997
B.
Carrier Rating Values
C.
Premium
D.
Whole Dollars - Premium
E.
Premium Modification – Experience Rating Plan
F.
Premium Determination for Federal and Maritime Insurance
G.
Premium Algorithm
RULE VII – PREMIUM DISCOUNT
A.
Premium Discount
B.
Combination of Policies
1. Combination Permitted
2. Combination Procedure
C.
Wrap-Up Construction Projects
RULE VIII – LIMITS OF LIABILITY
A.
Workers Compensation and Employers Liability Policy
1. Part One – Workers Compensation
2. Part Two – Employers Liability
a. Standard Limits
b. Increased Limits
c. Accident Limit
d. Disease Limit
e. Show Limit on the Information Page
B.
Voluntary Compensation Insurance
1. Standard Limits
2. Increased Limits
3. Premium Determination
4. Payroll Records
RULE IX – SPECIAL CONDITIONS OR OPERATIONS AFFECTING COVERAGE AND PREMIUM
A.
Executive Officers
1. Definition
2. Law and Status
3. Executive Officer Exclusion Procedure
4. Executive Officers- Multiple Corporate Enterprises
5. Executive Officer Remuneration – Treatment of:
6. Premium Determination
7. Assignment of Payroll
8. Flight Duties
9. Professional Employer Organization (PEO) – Corporate Clients
B.
Real Estate Sales Person/Broker Licensed Insurance Agent – Exception
C.
Professional and Semi-Professional Athletes – Class Code 970
D.
Sole Proprietors, Partnerships and Members of Limited Liability Companies
E.
Subcontractors
1. Law on Contractors and Subcontractors
2. Coverage
3. Premium for Uninsured Subcontractors
4. Drivers, Chauffeurs and Helpers Under Contract
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F.
G.
H.
I.
Ex-Medical Coverage
Truckers - Interstate
Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program
Certified Safety Committee Credit Program
RULE X – CANCELLATION
A.
Who May Cancel
B.
Premium Determination – Cancellation by the Insurance Carrier
1. Carrier Rating Values and Payroll
2. Experience Rating
C.
Premium Determination - Cancellation by the Insured when Retiring from Business
D.
Premium Determination – Cancellation by the Insured, Except when Retiring from
Business
1. Actual Payroll
2. Extended Payroll and Number of Days
3. Carrier Rate
4. Experience Rating
5. Short Rate Percentage
6. Example of Short Rate Cancellation
E.
Short Rate Cancellation Tables for Term of One Year, Pro Rate Cancellation Tables –
One Year
RULE XI – THREE YEAR FIXED RATE POLICY OPTION
RULE XII – U.S. LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS’ COMPENSATION ACT
A.
General Explanation
B.
Workers Compensation Insurance – Part One
C.
Employers Liability Insurance – Part Two
D.
Classifications and Rates
1. Classifications
2. Rates for Federal “F” Classifications
3. Rates for Non-Federal “Non-F” Classifications
E.
Extensions of the U.S.L. & H.W. Act
1. Defense Bases Act
2. Civilian Employees of Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities Act
3. Premium Determination
4. Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
F.
Pennsylvania Workers Compensation Voluntary Pool
RULE XIII – THE ADMIRALTY LAW AND THE FEDERAL EMPLOYERS LIABILITY ACT
A.
General Explanation
1. Admiralty Law
2. Federal Employers Liability Act (F.E.L.A.)
B.
Description of Coverage Programs
1. Program I
2. Program II
C.
Coverage
1. Admiralty Law Endorsements
2. Admiralty Law Coverage Options
3. F.E.L.A. Endorsements
4. U.S.L. & H.W. Act
D.
Limits of Liability
1. Standard Limits
2. Increased Limits
3. Minimum Premium
E.
Classifications
F.
Waters not under Admiralty Jurisdictions
1. Coverage
2. Premium Determination
3. Admiralty Law or U.S.L. & H.W. Act Liability
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RULE XIV – AGRICULTURAL, DOMESTIC WORKERS - RESIDENCES
A.
Definitions
1. Inside Domestic Workers
2. Outside Domestic Workers
3. Occasional Domestic Workers
B.
Coverage
1. Workers Compensation and Employers Liability Insurance
2. Voluntary Compensation Insurance
C.
Name of Insured
D.
Classifications
1. Domestic Workers
2. Maintenance, Repair or Construction Operations
E.
Bureau Rating Values and Premium
1. Bureau Rating Values
2. Records Required
3. Full Time Domestic Workers
4. Occasional Domestic Workers
RULE XV – FINAL EARNED PREMIUM DETERMINATION
A.
Actual Payroll
B.
Premium Determination
C.
Audit Rights to Carrier
D.
Authorized Classifications
RULE XVI – APPEALS FROM APPLICATION OF THE RATING SYSTEM PROCEDURE
RULE XVII – PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER ORGANIZATIONS, PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER
AGREEMENTS AND PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER SERVICES
A.
Definitions
B.
Policy Issuance
C.
Methods of Coverage
1. Option One
2. Option Two
3. Option Three
D.
Client Policy Obligations
E.
PEO Policy Obligations
F.
Cancellation Provisions
1. Cancellation by the Professional Employer Organization (PEO)
2. Cancellation by Client
3. Notification Requirements
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RULE I – GENERAL
A.
WORKERS COMPENSATION
Workers Compensation as used in this Manual means workers compensation and occupational
disease law of Pennsylvania.
B.
STANDARD POLICY
Standard Policy means the Standard Provisions Workers Compensation and Employers Liability
Policy and the Information Page approved by the Pennsylvania Insurance Department.
C.
ENDORSEMENT FORMS
Endorsement forms mean standard endorsements contained in the Endorsement Forms Section. A
standard endorsement must be used in the form prescribed in Section 3.
D.
ENDORSEMENT FORMS SECTION (SECTION 3)
Refer to the Endorsement Forms Section for complete description of coverages and instructions on
use of the endorsement forms.
E.
APPLICATION OF MANUAL RULES
Rules apply separately to each policy, except as allowed by Rule VII – PREMIUM DISCOUNT.
F.
EFFECTIVE DATE
1.
Manual
This Manual applies only from the anniversary rating date which occurs on or after the effective
date of this Manual.
2.
Changes
The effective date of a change in any rule, classification or Bureau rating value is 12:01 a.m.
on the date specified on the manual page. Any change will be highlighted and linked to the
appropriate Bureau circular announcing the change. Unless specified otherwise, each change
applies only from the anniversary rating date which occurs on or after the effective date of the
change.
G.
ANNIVERSARY RATING DATE
1.
Definition
The anniversary rating date is the effective month and day of the policy in effect and each
annual anniversary thereafter unless a different date has been established by the Pennsylvania
Compensation Rating Bureau.
2.
Rewritten Policies
If a policy is canceled and rewritten by the same or another carrier, all rules, classifications and
carrier rating values of the rewriting carrier which were in effect as of the anniversary rating
date shall apply to the rewritten policy until the next anniversary date as established by the
Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau.
Use the Anniversary Rating Date Endorsement.
No policy may be canceled, rewritten or extended for any period to avoid or take advantage of
any changes in the rules or Bureau rating values of the Manual.
3.
Long Term Policies
For application of anniversary rating dates on policies issued for a term in excess of one year,
refer to Rule III - C.
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H.
FILING REQUIREMENTS
1.
Policy
An exact copy of every Workers Compensation Policy showing the state of Pennsylvania on
the Information Page shall be filed with the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau within
thirty days after the effective date of the policy.
2.
3.
Policy Writing Procedures
a.
Policy Numbers
The policy number designated by the carrier at policy issuance must remain constant and
must be used on all endorsements and other documents related to that policy. If a portion
of the policy number is designated at inception as the "key" policy number, such
designation must be clearly identified on the policy information page and the "key" number
must be used on all endorsements and other documents related to that policy.
b.
Renewal Policy Numbers
The information page of each renewal policy shall identify the policy number of the policy
which it renews, in accordance with a. above. This procedure also applies to rewritten
policies. The word "same" should be used to indicate that the same policy number has
been used on renewal. The word "new" should be used to indicate a newly issued policy.
Endorsements
An exact copy of all endorsements or agreements attached to the policy at its inception date or
issued subsequent to the inception date of the policy must be filed with the Bureau within thirty
days after the date of issue of such endorsement or agreement.
4.
5.
I.
Standard Endorsement Filing Procedure
a.
Any endorsement filed with the Insurance Department on behalf of Bureau members by
the Bureau must be filed for approval with the Bureau. For filing procedure details refer to
Section 3.
b.
Non Standard Endorsements filing procedure, refer to Section 3.
Binders
a.
A copy of the binder must be filed with the Bureau on an approved form with all required
endorsements attached no later than thirty days after its date of inception.
b.
The binder must contain the classification codes and Carrier Rating Values applicable to
the employer in accordance with the assignment issued by the Bureau or in accordance
with the Classification Rules of this Manual if no specific Bureau assignment has been
made.
c.
A binder must be replaced with a short-term policy covering the amount of time the binder
was in effect or replaced with a full-term policy including the time period the binder was in
effect.
POLICY CORRECTION
If the Bureau finds that a policy requires correction to conform to Manual rules or classifications, the
carrier shall be notified by letter. Such policy shall be corrected and a copy of the correcting
endorsement shall be submitted to the Bureau no later than thirty (30) days after notification.
J.
MEDICAL CONTRACTS
1.
Medical contracts and agreements between insurance carriers and insured employers where
medical service or supplies are furnished by the employer in consideration of a reduced
premium or other consideration cannot be made.
2.
Insurance carriers may not furnish medical equipment or hospital supplies to the insured’s
employer.
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RULE II – EXPLANATION OF COVERAGES AND METHODS OF INSURING
A.
PART ONE – WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
1.
Description of Coverage A
Workers compensation insurance provides coverage for the statutory obligation of an employer
to provide benefits for employees as required by:
a.
Workers compensation law or occupational disease law of any state or territory of the
United States, including the District of Columbia, and
b.
United States Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act.
2.
Pennsylvania workers compensation insurance may be provided only by the Standard Policy.
3.
Longshore Coverage
U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act insurance may be provided only by
attaching the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Coverage Endorsement (WC
00 01 06A) to the Standard Policy. Refer to Rule XII.
B.
COVERAGE REQUIREMENTS
1.
Compulsory as to all employments
Exceptions:
a. Individual proprietors
b. Partners of a partnership (including members of a Limited Liability Company (LLC).
Note: Pursuant to Act 20 of 2011, a sole proprietor, partner of a legal partnership or
member of a Limited Liability Company (LLC) may be able to purchase and/or be insured
under a standard workers compensation insurance policy. If a sole proprietor, partner or
LLC member wishes to obtain such coverage, a written request must be submitted directly
to the carrier providing the existing or new policy under which coverage for the individual in
question will be provided. Use WC 00 03 10 – Sole Proprietors, Partners, Officers and
Others Coverage Endorsement. Refer to Rule IX, A., 6. for purposes of determining
remuneration in computing the premium charge.
c. Elected officers of the Commonwealth or any of its political subdivisions.
d. An executive officer of a for profit corporation or an executive officer of a nonprofit
corporation who serves voluntarily and without remuneration may, however, elect not to be
an “employee” of the corporation. For the purposes of this exclusion, an executive officer
of a for-profit corporation is an individual who has either an ownership interest in a
Subchapter S corporation as defined by the Act of March 4, 1971 (P.L. 6, No. 2) known as
the “Tax Reform Code of 1971,” or an interest of at least five percent in a Subchapter C
corporation as defined by the Tax Reform Code of 1971.
e. Any person who is a licensed real estate salesperson or an associate real estate broker
affiliated with a licensed real estate broker or a licensed insurance agent affiliated with a
licensed insurance agency, under a written agreement, remunerated on a commission only
basis and who qualifies as an independent contractor for State tax purposes or for Federal
tax purposes under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (Public Law 99-514, 26 U.S.C. § 1
Et Seq.).
f. Domestic or casual labor.
g. Outworker (a person to whom articles are given for cleaning, repair, etc. at home).
h. Farmer with one employee who works less than 30 days a year or earns less than $1,200
a year. A spouse or a child of the farmer employer under eighteen years of age shall not
be deemed an employee unless the services of such spouse or child are engaged by the
farmer employer under an express written contract of hire which is filed with the
Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry.
i. Elective for members of certain religious sects whose tenets prohibit benefits from
insurance, provided the sect makes provisions for its members.
2.
No insurance carrier is permitted to issue policies which would create duplicate coverage for an
employer. Policies of different insurance carriers cannot be written for separate parts of a single
risk.
3.
When an employer proposes to insure both his accident and occupational disease
compensation liability, such liability must be covered by a single policy of one insurance carrier.
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C.
PART TWO – EMPLOYERS LIABILITY INSURANCE
1.
Description of Coverage B
Employers liability insurance provides coverage for the legal obligation of an employer to pay
damages because of bodily injury by accident or disease, including resulting death, sustained
by an employee. Employers liability coverage applies only if the injury or death of an employee
arises out of and in the course of employment and is sustained:
a.
In the United States of America, its territories or possessions, or Canada, or
b.
While temporarily outside the United States of America, its territories or possessions, or
Canada, if the injured employee is a citizen or resident of the United States or Canada; but
suits for damages and actions on judgments must be in or from a court of the United
States, its territories or possessions or Canada.
Unless specifically excluded, coverage for the liability of an employer under admiralty law
and the Federal Employers Liability Act is provided by employers liability insurance.
2.
Employers Liability for Diseases
Employers liability insurance for diseases not covered by a workers compensation law or an
occupational disease law is provided by the Standard Policy.
3.
Admiralty Law or Federal Employers Liability Act
Employers liability insurance for liability of an employer under admiralty law or Federal
Employers Liability Act is not provided by the Standard Policy. Refer to Rule XII for rules and
endorsements to cover or limit this exposure.
4.
Employers Liability Insurance With Workers Compensation Insurance
Employers liability insurance written with workers compensation insurance is provided
by the Standard Policy.
5.
Employers Liability Insurance Without Workers Compensation Insurance
Employers liability insurance without workers compensation insurance is prohibited in the state
of Pennsylvania.
D.
VOLUNTARY COMPENSATION INSURANCE
1.
Description of Voluntary Compensation Coverage
Voluntary compensation insurance does not provide workers compensation coverage and is
not available for employments subject to a workers' compensation law. This insurance affords
the benefits of a designated compensation law as if the affected employees were subject to
that law, even though the law does not require payment of benefits to such employees.
Voluntary compensation insurance shall not provide compensation, medical or other benefits in
excess of the statutory requirements in the workers compensation law designated in the
standard Voluntary Compensation and Employers Liability Coverage Endorsement.
2.
How Provided
Voluntary Compensation insurance is provided by attaching the Standard Voluntary
Compensation and Employers Liability Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 03 11A) to the
Standard Policy. Refer to Rule VIII for rules and carrier rating values.
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E.
PART THREE – OTHER STATES INSURANCE
1.
2.
Description of Other States Coverage
a.
Employers liability insurance and, where permitted by law, workers compensation
insurance are provided in other states not listed in Item 3-A of the Information Page by
listing states where coverage is to be provided in Item 3-C of the Information Page.
b.
If workers compensation insurance does not apply because the insured or carrier is unable
to take the necessary action to bring the insured under a workers compensation law, the
carrier will reimburse the insured for all compensation and other benefits required of the
insured under such law.
c.
Part Three – Other States Insurance does not provide U.S. Longshore and Harbor
Workers' Compensation Act coverage. It may be afforded only in accordance with Rule
XII.
States Where Not Available
Other states coverage is not available in states:
3.
a.
With a monopolistic state fund, or
b.
Where the carrier elects not to write this coverage.
Restriction on Use
Coverage for operations known or expected to be performed in a state not listed in Item 3-A of
the Information Page shall not be provided under Part Three – Other States Insurance.
4.
Premium
Premium developed for operations covered under Part Three – Other States Insurance shall be
based on workers compensation rules and carrier rating values.
F.
DEDUCTIBLE COVERAGE
Act 44 of 1993 requires an insurer issuing a workers compensation policy to offer a deductible
program upon a policyholder's request.
1.
Deductible coverage shall be made part of the policy if requested by the policyholder.
Underwriting criteria for deductible coverage are to be established by individual carriers.
2.
The claimants' benefits will be paid by the insurance carrier without regard to any deductible.
3.
The policyholder must agree to reimburse the carrier for the deductible amount for any benefits
paid to claimants.
4.
Failure of the policyholder to reimburse the carrier for any deductible amount shall be treated
as non-payment of premium under the policy.
5.
The loss elimination ratio is determined by the hazard group (found in Section 2 of this Manual)
of the policy's governing classification. Codes 951, Salesmen and 953, office, cannot be
governing classifications unless they are the only classifications on the policy.
6.
The premium adjustment for the deductible provisions of the policy shall be reported as a credit
which shall be applied prior to experience modification or other carrier premium modifications.
7.
If the policy is issued with a deductible provision, the Deductible Endorsement (WC 37 04 03)
shall be issued and made part of the policy.
8.
The Pennsylvania Insurance Department has promulgated three deductible coverage levels of
$1,000 per claim, $5,000 per claim and $10,000 per claim respectively. Individual carriers can
offer different deductible levels and/or premium credits upon approval of the Pennsylvania
Insurance Department.
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G.
GROUP DEDUCTIBLE OR RETROSPECTIVE RATING PLAN COVERAGE
Act 57 of 1996 permits an insurer issuing a workers compensation policy to offer an endorsement for
deductible or retrospective rating plans for groups of five or more employers, subject to approval by
the Insurance Commissioner and subject to the individual insurer's underwriting criteria for deductible
coverage (see F. 1. above).
1.
The insurer will issue an individual workers compensation policy for each member of the group.
2. Each group member will be held jointly and severally liable for the payment of premiums or
deductible amounts with regard to benefits paid for compensable claims of the group as a
whole.
RULE III – POLICY PREPARATION – INSURED, POLICY PERIOD AND STATE OF OPERATIONS
Item 1, 2 and 3-A of the Information Page
A.
EXPLANATION OF TERMS
1.
Employer/Entity
Employer may be an individual, partnership, joint venture, corporation, association, or a
fiduciary such as a trustee, receiver or executor, or other entity.
2.
Insured
Insured means the employer designated in Item 1 of the Information Page. If the insured is a
professional association use the Professional Association Act Endorsement in Section 3 of this
Manual.
3.
Majority Interest
Majority Interest as defined in the Experience Rating Plan Section applies. The term majority
shall mean more than 50%.
4.
a.
Majority of voting stock, or
b.
Majority of members or directors if there is no voting stock, or
c.
Majority participation of general partners in profits of a partnership.
Risk
Risk means a single legal entity or two or more legal entities which qualify for combination in
the state of Pennsylvania.
B.
NAME, ADDRESS, AND OTHER WORKPLACES OF INSURED – ITEM 1
1.
Name of Insured
In addition to providing the complete legal name of the insured, carriers shall designate each
fictitious name shown on the Information Page by the symbol D.B.A. (doing business as). In
addition, if a fictitious name is shown on an endorsement the same designation, D.B.A., shall
be shown. A fictitious name is a business name which is not the legal name of the insured.
The effective date of any change, addition or deletion in the name of the insured shall be
shown on the endorsement.
Name and address changes should be effected on a separate endorsement and not in
conjunction with other policy amendments.
2.
Combination of Legal Entities
Separate legal entities may be insured in one policy only if the same person, or group of
persons, owns the majority interest in such entities.
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3.
Pennsylvania Locations
All locations and operations of the employer in Pennsylvania shall be insured in one policy.
Exception: Long Term Construction Projects (Wrap-up). See Rule IX-D.
C.
POLICY PERIOD – ITEM 2
1.
Normal Policy Period
The normal policy period is one year. A policy may be issued for any period but not longer than
3 years.
2.
Policy for One Year
a.
The manual rules are based on a policy period of one year.
b. A policy issued for a period not longer than one year and 16 days is treated as a one year
policy.
3.
Policy Longer Than One Year
A policy issued for a period longer than one year and 16 days, other than a 3-year fixed carrier
rating value policy, is treated as follows:
a.
The policy period is divided into consecutive 12-month units.
b.
If the policy period is not a multiple of 12 months, use the Standard Policy Period
Endorsement (WC 00 04 05) to specify the first or last unit of less than 12 months as a
short-term policy.
c.
All manual rules and procedures apply to each such unit as if a separate policy had been
issued for each unit.
4.
Renewal Certificates, Agreements and Continuing Form Policies, should be handled as
policies longer than one year.
5.
Three-Year Fixed Carrier Rating Value Policy Option
A policy may be issued for a period of 3 years at fixed carrier rating values. Such a policy shall
not be issued if the risk is subject to the Experience Rating Plan on the effective date of the
policy.
A policy issued under this option shall be known as a Three-Year Fixed Carrier Rating Value
Policy and shall be so designated on the Information Page. Refer to Rule XI.
6. Annual Rating Endorsements
An "Annual Rating Endorsement" shall be submitted annually for each continuing form policy
or policy written for a period in excess of one year but not more than three years to be effective
on the anniversary date set by such policy. It shall be submitted to the Bureau not later than
thirty days subsequent to its inception.
Each annual rating endorsement shall be clearly identified by printing in large boldface type at
the top of the endorsement the words "ANNUAL RATING ENDORSEMENT."
Annual rating endorsements shall also:
a.
Show the name of the carrier providing the insurance. If the names of affiliated carriers
are printed on endorsement forms, the particular carrier providing coverage shall be
clearly indicated.
b.
Show the policy number, including all printed and typed prefixes to facilitate the
identification of the policy to which the Annual Rating Endorsement is related.
c.
If the annual rating endorsement being filed replaces an annual rating
covering the same period, indicate that it is a rewrite.
d.
Show the date of its inception and expiration.
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e.
Show the code number(s) and carrier rate(s) applicable. If the carrier rate(s) or experience
modification is not effective as of inception date of the endorsement,
also show the
effective date of such carrier rate(s) or modification.
f.
Show the premium adjustment period, deposit premium and estimated annual
for the period covered by the Annual Rating Endorsement.
premium
Annual Rating Endorsements shall be used only for the purpose of showing the carrier rates,
experience modifications, premium adjustment period, deposit premium and estimated annual
premium for each one-year period. They cannot be used to make any other changes in the
policy such as, but not restricted to, modifying the name of the insured, adding or eliminating
classifications, adding or eliminating locations.
D.
STATE LAWS DESIGNATED IN THE POLICY – Item 3-A
1.
Listing of Pennsylvania
Insurance for operations conducted in Pennsylvania is provided by listing the state in Item 3-A
of the Information Page.
2.
Longshore Act
The U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act shall not be entered in Item 3-A of
the Information Page. Refer to Rule XII.
3.
Additional States
A state may be added after the effective date of the policy. For the additional state operations
apply:
a.
Carrier rating values in effect on the anniversary rating date of the policy to which the state
has been added.
b.
Any change in carrier rating values which applies to outstanding policies for the state
being added.
c.
When adding the State of Pennsylvania, the Information Page and attached endorsements
shall be prepared so that the Pennsylvania coverage can be clearly determined.
RULE IV – CLASSIFICATIONS
Item 4 of the Information Page
A.
GENERAL EXPLANATION
1.
Objective
The object of the classification system is to group insureds into classifications so that the rating
value for each classification reflects the exposures common to such distinct business
enterprise (See Rule IV, C. 2. & C. 3.). Subject to certain exceptions described later in this rule,
it is the business of the insured within Pennsylvania that is classified, not the separate
employments, occupations or operations within the business.
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B.
CLASSIFICATIONS
1.
Basic Classifications
All classifications in the Manual are basic classifications, other than the standard exception
classifications. Basic classifications describe the business of an insured such as:
Business
Manufacture of a Product
A Process
Construction or Erection
A General Type or Character of Business
A Service
Classification
Furniture Manufacturing
Printing
Carpentry
Hardware Store
Beauty Parlor
Classifications are listed in Section Two of the Manual. Notes following a classification are part
of that classification. Also, see Section Two of this Manual for classifications by group
arrangement which is essentially a numeric listing.
2.
Standard Exception Classification
Some occupations are common to so many businesses that special classifications have been
established for them. They are called standard exception classifications. Employees within the
definition of a standard exception classification are not included in a basic classification unless
the basic classification specifically includes those employees. The standard exception
classifications are defined below:
a.
CLERICAL OFFICE EMPLOYEES – Code 953 – are employees exclusively engaged in
keeping the books or records of the insured or conducting correspondence or who are
engaged wholly in office work where such books or records are kept or such
correspondence is conducted.
This classification shall be applied only to employees herein described who work
exclusively in separate buildings or on separate floors or in departments on such floors
which are separated from all other workplaces of the employer by floor to ceiling partitions
except for retail stores where a partition at least five feet high is required and within which
no work is performed other than clerical office duties as defined in this rule.
Office employees shall be separately classified except in connection with those classes
which specifically include Office Employees.
If any clerical office employee (including drafting employees) has any other regular duty,
the entire payroll of that employee shall be assigned in accordance with the class to which
the business is assigned.
b.
(1)
The clerk, such as a counter, front desk, lobby, mall kiosk, time, stock or tally clerk
or librarian, whose work is necessary, incidental or part of any operation of the
business other than clerical office, shall not be considered a clerical office
employee. Such clerk should be assigned to the basic classification of the
business.
(2)
The cashier also shall not be considered a clerical office employee. A cashier is
responsible for accepting payment for merchandise or services rendered. The
cashier's physical location may include but is not necessarily limited to: a booth,
behind a counter or on a sales floor. The cashier or any employee whose regular
and frequent duty is accepting payment for merchandise or services should be
assigned to the basic classification of the business regardless of the physical work
location.
SALESPERSONS – OUTSIDE, Code 951 – are employees either exclusively engaged in
sales or collection work away from the employer's premises or who regularly and frequently
are engaged in sales or collection work away from their employer’s premises and devote
the balance of their time in clerical office duties.
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This classification is inapplicable to employees delivering merchandise or products. Even
though they may also collect or solicit, such employees shall be assigned in accordance
with the classification appropriate to the business of the employer for which delivery is being
made.
Also not included are floor and/or counter salespersons. Such employees shall be assigned
in accordance with the class appropriate to the business at the location.
Employees who sell or solicit exclusively by telephone shall be assigned to Code 953,
Clerical Office Employees.
Salespersons, Collectors or Messengers shall be separately classified except in connection
with those classes which specifically include all employees or all employees except office.
Mobile, self-propelled factory, farm or construction equipment Salespersons – Code 819 are
employees engaged in selling such equipment, or auctioning automobiles or instructing
persons how to drive an automobile or truck on and away from the insured’s premises. The
separate Code 819 shall be treated as Salespersons – Outside, Code 951, for the purposes
of this rule.
3.
General Inclusions
a.
Some operations appear to be separate businesses, but they are included within the
scope of all classifications other than the standard exception classifications. These
operations are called general inclusions and are:
(1)
Commissaries or restaurants operated for an insured's employees except in
connection with construction, erection, lumbering, mining or the recovery of
petroleum and/or natural gas.
(2)
Manufacturing of containers such as bags, barrels, bottles, boxes, cans, cartons
or packing cases (and the incident printing thereon) to be used by the employer in
the packaging of its products.
(3)
Medical facilities operated by the insured for its employees.
(4)
Maintenance or repair and/or cleaning of an insured's buildings, or vehicles or
equipment when performed by employees of an insured.
(5)
Printing or lithographing by an insured on its products.
(6)
Stamping or Welding – when an integral technique that is a part of an overall
manufacturing process.
(7)
Drilling or Blasting – when conducted by the employees of a surface or
underground non-coal mine operator to facilitate mineral extraction. Drilling,
redrilling or deepening conducted by an entity whose field of business is the
recovery of petroleum and/or natural gas shall be separately classified.
(8)
Quality control of an insured's products or research laboratories engaged in
developing and/or improving products manufactured by an insured.
(9)
Drivers, chauffeurs and their helpers including all employees whose principal
duties are the operation and/or the repair of vehicles.
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(10)
If a vehicle(s), including drivers (and the owner if the owner of the vehicle is also a
driver), chauffeurs and helpers are under contract to an unrelated business and if
the owner of such vehicle(s) has not insured his compensation obligation and
furnished evidence of such insurance, the actual payroll of the drivers, chauffeurs
and helpers shall be included in the payroll of the insured unrelated business at
the proper carrier rating value(s) for the operations in which they are engaged. If
actual payroll cannot be obtained, one-third (1/3) of the total amount paid for the
hire of such vehicles under contract shall be considered as payroll of the drivers,
chauffeurs and helpers.
When the contract price does not include the cost of fuel, maintenance, or other
services provided to the owner or owner-operator of a vehicle under contract, the
value of such goods and services shall be added to the contract price before
determining the one-third (1/3) amount.
b.
4.
(11)
Tools, dies, molds or fixtures made and/or repaired by an insured that are used in
the insured's product manufacturing operations.
(12)
Aircraft travel by employees, other than members of the flying crew, including
employees whose payroll is assigned to the Standard Exception Classifications.
(13)
Child day care services operated by the employer for his employees.
(14)
Warehousing by an employer of its merchandise, products and/or raw materials.
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
Security guards protecting their employer’s premises and property.
Heat treating by an insured on its products.
Counter personnel
Cashiers
Any operation described by a General Inclusion shall be separately classified only if:
1.
Such operation constitutes a separate and distinct business of the insured as
provided in Rule IV - C. below or
2.
It is specifically excluded by the classification wording, or
3.
The principal business is described by a standard exception classification.
General Exclusions
Some operations in a business are so unusual that they are excluded from basic
classifications. They are classified separately unless specifically included in the basic
classification wording. These operations are called general exclusions and are:
(1)
Aircraft operation – all operations of the flying and ground crews.
(2)
New construction or structural alterations by the insured's employees.
(3)
Sawmill Operations – sawing logs into lumber by equipment such as circular
carriage or band carriage saws, including operations incidental to the sawmill.
(4)
Stevedoring, including tallying and checking incidental to stevedoring.
(5)
Mining and Quarrying, Clay, Gravel or Sand Excavation and Dredging.
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C.
ASSIGNMENT OF CLASSIFICATIONS
1.
2.
Object of the Classification Procedure
a.
The object of the classification procedure is to assign the one basic classification which
best describes each distinct business enterprise of the insured within Pennsylvania.
Subject to certain exceptions described in this Rule, each classification includes all the
various types of labor found in a distinct enterprise. It is the business which is classified,
not the individual employments, occupations or operations within a business. Additional
classifications shall be assigned as provided below.
b.
Act 44 of 1993 permits an insurer to develop subclassifications to the Bureau's
classification system as approved by the Insurance Commissioner. Any such
subclassification shall be filed by the developing insurer with the Bureau and the Insurance
Commissioner thirty (30) days prior to its use. The insurer's filing shall demonstrate that
payroll and loss data produced under such subclassification can be reported to the Bureau
consistent with the Bureau's classification system and statistical plan. Otherwise, the
Insurance Commissioner shall disapprove the subclassification filing.
Assignment of a Classification
a.
The policy shall contain only classifications approved by the Pennsylvania Compensation
Rating Bureau and in accordance with this Manual.
Each classification is presumed to describe an entire business enterprise. Any policy
which contains more than a single classification cannot contain any classifications
representing a payroll less than that of one full-time employee, but this rule will not apply in
classifications involved in Construction, Erection, Stevedoring, Part-Time Aircraft
Operations or if the business’ basic and major operations are described by the Standard
Exception Classifications and there are employees whose job duties are not assignable to
the Standard Exceptions except as specified in classification phraseology.
b.
Single Enterprise. If a risk consists of a single operation or a number of separate
operations which normally occur in the business described by a single manual
classification, or separate operations which are an integral part of or incidental to the main
business, that single classification which most accurately describes the entire enterprise
shall be applied. The separate operations so covered may not be assigned to another
classification even though such operation may be specifically described by some other
classification or may be conducted at a separate location.
Division of payroll shall be made as provided in respect to General Exclusions, Standard
Exceptions or Special Class Wording. For construction or erection work, see special
procedure set forth in Rule IV, C. 5.
EXCEPTION
Where a retail outlet is located at the same or contiguous premises as a business'
manufacturing facility, the applicable retail store classification shall apply to the payroll of
the retail outlet provided that such outlet is operated in an area physically separate from
other operations by a floor to ceiling partition and it is separately staffed.
c.
Authorized Classifications. When the classification of any insured has been established
by the Rating Bureau, no policy shall be issued or endorsed nor adjustment of premium
made under any other or conflicting classification.
In any instance where the established classification does not describe the current
operations of the insured, the insuring carrier or insured shall draw the matter to the
attention of the Rating Bureau in writing with full particulars prior to the application of any
other classifications. The reclassification shall not take place until the Bureau Staff has
received and reviewed such documentation and has replied in writing to the insured or
insuring carrier agreeing with their position or otherwise advising on which class(es) to
assign.
The insuring carrier is not relieved of the obligation to apply the class authorized for an
insured because of lack of knowledge that the Bureau has established an authorized
classification for that insured.
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3.
Assignment of Additional Classifications
a.
Multiple Classifications/Multiple Enterprises (Not construction or erection operations –
see paragraph 6.)
Additional classifications may be used only when valid evidence supports their
authorization or in conformity with the rules stated under "Standard Exceptions" and
"Exclusions." Additional classes may not be added without Bureau authorization when
their use is in violation of Manual Rules or an existing bureau data card.
Additional classifications shall be assigned to an insured only if the following conditions
exist:
b.
1.
If the classification wording requires the assignment of an additional classification for
specified employees or operations.
2.
If there are distinct enterprises (meaning thereby businesses, which are specifically
classified in this Manual, but not operations that normally occur in the business
described by the assigned classifications, nor operations described by any of the
General Inclusions), conducted in a given plant by the same insured and the entire
work in each enterprise is conducted either in a separate building or on a separate
floor or floors of a building, or on the same floor in separate departments divided by
floor to ceiling partitions without interchange of labor and the insured conducts each
of such enterprises as a separate undertaking with separate records of payroll, then
such separate undertakings shall each be separately classified, (and the proper
carrier rating value applied to each).
3.
See Governing Classification rules for assignment of incidental operations that
support more than one distinct enterprise.
Governing Classification
The governing classification is that classification other than the standard exception
classifications (which may never be the governing class) which carries the largest amount
of payroll exclusive of payroll of miscellaneous employees as defined below.
1.
This concept shall be utilized not in the initial classification assignment process but to
determine how to classify miscellaneous employees when an insured is assigned two
or more classifications.
2.
Miscellaneous employees are employees that either supervise or support all the
various undertakings of the insured. The functions performed by miscellaneous
employees may include but are not necessarily limited to: maintenance, mailroom,
shipping and receiving, yard operations, security, power plant operations, lobby or
front desk personnel, elevator operators, porters, foremen, superintendents or
timekeepers.
3.
The entire remuneration of miscellaneous employees is assignable to the governing
classification.
4.
The governing classification in the case of construction or erection operations shall be
determined on a job basis within each policy period if payrolls are kept separately by
job within the policy period; otherwise on the basis of the entire policy period.
5.
If the basic and major operations are described by classifications defined as Standard
Exceptions, the payroll of all employees not specifically included in the definition for
such Standard Exceptions shall be separately classified to Code 971.
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4.
Assignment By Analogy
Any enterprise which is not described by a classification in this Manual shall be assigned to the
classification or classifications most analogous from the standpoint of process and hazard. The
limitations and conditions of the classification or classifications so assigned and all Manual
rules pertaining to the classification shall be applicable.
5.
Payroll Assignment – Multiple Classifications - Interchange of Labor
Some employees who are not miscellaneous employees may perform duties directly related to
more than one classification. When there is such an interchange of labor, the entire payroll of
employees who interchange shall be assigned to the insuring carrier’s highest-valued
classification representing any part of their work.
The payroll of one employee shall not be divided into two or more classes except where
specifically described in classification wording as "to be separately rated" or "separately rate"
and with no requirement for separate staff. See the paragraph immediately below for the
auditing procedure.
General Exceptions to C. 5. above
For Construction, Erection, Temporary Staffing or Stevedoring, the payroll of any individual
employee may be divided and allocated to more than one such classification provided the entry
on the original records of the insured discloses an allocation of each such individual employee's
payroll. Estimated or percentage allocation of payroll is not permitted. Only a single stevedoring
class shall be applied to all payroll developed in the loading or unloading of a single vessel. For
further reference see the material under Stevedoring in Section 2 of the Manual. For Executive
Officers see Rule IX, A. 4.
6.
Construction or Erection Operations
Each distinct type of construction or erection operation at a job or location shall be assigned to
the classification which specifically describes such operation provided separate payroll records
are maintained for each operation. Estimated or percentage allocation of payroll is not
permitted.
Any such operation for which separate payroll records are not maintained shall be assigned to
the insuring carrier’s highest-valued classification which applies to the job or location where
the operation is performed.
A separate construction or erection classification shall not be assigned to any operation which
is within the scope of another classification assigned to such a job or location which is
assignable to a construction classification designated "all work to completion." All operations of
the insured contractor at that job or location shall be assignable to such classification.
7.
NOC Please see Definitions Section 2.
8.
Changing Classifications
a.
The Bureau is empowered to determine, revise or modify the classification(s) assigned to
any individual insured. No written application by the carrier, agent of record or an insured
to change an insured's authorized classification(s) shall be considered by the Bureau
until the carrier has issued and filed a copy of its policy Information Page written in
accordance with an insured's authorized classification(s). The classification(s) shown in
any policy shall be subject to correction or modification, or both, if the Bureau finds by
survey or otherwise that the classification(s) shown in the policy are inappropriate to the
insured. No written application to change the classification(s) for an insured on the
grounds that the insured has been improperly classified shall be considered by the
Bureau unless such written application is filed directly with the Bureau by the insured,
agent of record or the carrier during the policy period with respect to which the
application is made, or within twelve months after the termination thereof.
b.
(1)
A change in an insured's classification that results from a recent change in an
insured's operations (i.e. an operations change that has taken place during the
current policy year or the policy year that has just expired) will be applied pro rata
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as of the date of the change in the insured's operations, regardless of the premium
impact to the insured. When a Bureau review discloses the insured’s recent
operations change, the Bureau will make written notice to the carrier of record
changing the insured’s authorized classification(s) for the current policy year and, if
warranted, for the policy year that has just expired. When the carrier becomes
aware of such recent operations change, the carrier shall make written application
to the Bureau to change the insured's authorized classification(s) during the current
policy year and, if warranted, for the policy year that has just expired.
9.
(2)
A correction of a misclassification which results in a premium decrease shall be
applied to the insured's policy in effect when the application for correction is made
and to the prior policy within twelve months after the termination thereof.
(3)
A correction of a misclassification which results in a premium increase shall be
applied effective the employer's first normal policy renewal at least sixty days
subsequent to the date of the Bureau’s misclassification notice.
c.
Any correction of a misclassification arising from discovery by the carrier of a material
misrepresentation or intentional omission by the insured, its agent, employees, officers
or directors shall be applied effective the date upon which it would have applied had
such material misrepresentation or intentional omission not been made. It is
recommended that a carrier claiming material misrepresentation or intentional omission
as contemplated in this Rule secure a declaratory judgment from the Common Pleas
Court establishing same prior to proceeding with application of this Rule.
d.
The reallocation of payroll by a carrier among an insured's authorized classifications or
the Bureau requiring a carrier to reallocate payroll among an insured's authorized
classifications or to report payroll under an insured's authorized classifications for an
insured's current policy or for the insured's prior policy within twelve months after the
termination thereof does not constitute a class change or correction.
Carrier Determinations of Employment Status
A carrier’s determination of a person’s employment status (including but not necessarily
limited to questions regarding a person’s designation as an employee, independent
contractor, uninsured subcontractor, leased employee or temporary staff) is not subject to the
Bureau’s review or approval. Where a carrier’s determination of a person’s employment
status results in a request for authorization of a different or additional classification(s), such
request must be made in writing. The Bureau will determine the applicability of any requested
classification(s) in accordance with the classification guidelines set forth in this Manual.
Classifications so approved by the Bureau shall be applied to any policy to which the carrier’s
determination of the person’s employment status applies, if such policy expired or was
terminated not more than 12 months before the date on which the Bureau received the
carrier’s written request.
This rule for determining the policy(ies) to which the approved classification(s) shall be
assigned will apply regardless of whether the authorization of the classification(s) increases
or decreases premium for the affected policy(ies). This rule shall govern in the event this rule
conflicts with any other rule in this Manual.
10.
Classification Appeals
The Bureau’s assignment of an individual employer to a particular classification may be
appealed pursuant to Rule XVI, APPEALS FROM APPLICATION OF THE RATING
SYSTEM PROCEDURE, Section 1 of this Manual.
11.
Mercantile Businesses/Stores
For mercantile businesses, such as stores or dealers, the single applicable store or dealer
classification is determined separately for each location.
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D.
SHOW THE CLASSIFICATIONS IN ITEM 4 OF THE INFORMATION PAGE
Show the proper classification wording, with or without notes, and show the code number in Item 4 of
the Information Page. Capitalized classification wording may be used instead of the entire wording.
Section 2 of this Manual, Classification Underwriting Guide, may be used for such wording.
RULE V – PREMIUM BASIS
Item 4 of the Information Page - continued
A.
BASIS OF PREMIUM – TOTAL REMUNERATION
Premium shall be computed on the basis of the total remuneration paid or payable by the insured for
services of employees covered by the policy.
Exception
Some classifications have a different premium basis. For example, premium for domestic worker
classifications is computed on a per capita basis. Refer to Rule XIV.
B.
REMUNERATION – PAYROLL
1.
Definition
Remuneration means money or substitutes for money.
2.
Inclusions
Remuneration includes:
a.
Wages or salaries including retroactive wages or salaries;
b.
Total cash received by employees for commissions or draws against commissions;
c.
Bonuses;
d.
Stock bonus plans – market value of stock at the time it is given to employee (refer to
Exclusions, m.);
e.
Extra pay for overtime work;
f.
Pay for holidays, vacations or periods of sickness or accrued sick time;
g.
Payment by an employer of amounts otherwise required by law to be paid by employees
to statutory insurance or pension plans, such as the Federal Social Security Act;
h.
Payment to employees on any basis other than time worked such as piece work, profit
sharing or incentive plans;
i.
Payment or allowance for hand tools or power tools used by hand provided by employees
and used in their work or operations for the insured;
j.
The rental value of an apartment or a house provided for an employee based on
comparable accommodations;
k.
The value of lodging other than an apartment or house received by employees as part of
their pay to the extent shown in the insured's records;
l.
The value of meals received by employees as part of their pay to the extent shown in the
insured's records;
m. The value of store certificates, merchandise, credits or any other substitute for money
received by employees as part of their pay
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3.
n.
Musicians or entertainers who are not independent contractors shall be included in
computation of premiums of hotels or restaurants (maximum of $450 per week for each
musician or entertainer);
o.
Adjustments necessary to bring employees to federal minimum wage as reported by the
United States Department of Labor shall be included;
p.
Payments for salary reduction, retirement or cafeteria plans (IRC 125) which are made
through deductions from the employee's gross pay;
q.
Prevailing wage payments paid to employees based on required government-specified
minimum wage rates, including but not limited to the Davis-Bacon Act or the Pennsylvania
Prevailing Wage Act;
r.
Annuity plans (see Section 1 Rule V, F.2. – Salary Reduction Plans);
s.
Expense reimbursements to employees to the extent that an employer's records do not
substantiate that the expense was incurred as a valid business expense (see Section 1
Rule V, F.1 – Employee Expense Reimbursements);
t.
Payment for filming or taping of commercials excluding subsequent residuals which are
earned by the commercial participant(s) each time the commercial appears in print or is
broadcast.
Exclusions
Remuneration excludes:
a.
Payments by an employer to group insurance or group pension plans for employees, other
than payments covered by Rule V - B. 2. g.;
b.
Payments made by the employer to a Group Insurance, Pension Plan or to an employee
directly in lieu of the foregoing because of the Provisions of a prevailing wage statute,
including but not limited to the Pennsylvania Prevailing Wage Act or the Davis-Bacon Act.
For additional information please see the Section 2 General Auditing and Classification
Information of this Manual.
c.
The value of special rewards for individual invention or discovery;
d.
Dismissal or severance payments except for time worked or accrued vacation;
e.
Tips and other gratuities received by employees;
f.
Payments for active military duty;
g.
Employee discounts on goods purchased from the employee's employer;
h.
Expense reimbursements to employees to the extent that an employer's records
substantiate that the expense was incurred as a valid business expense (see Section 1
Rule V, F.1 – Employee Expense Reimbursements);
i.
Supper money for late work;
j.
Work uniform allowances;
k.
Sick pay paid to an employee by a third party such as an insured's group insurance carrier
which is paying disability income benefits to a disabled employee;
l.
Employer provided perquisites ("perks") such as:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
an automobile;
an airplane flight;
a discount on property or services;
club memberships;
tickets to entertainment or sporting events;
m. Stock option plans – difference between market value of stock and lower option price is
not included as remuneration.
n.
Board of Directors’ fees
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4.
Payroll
Payroll means remuneration. The carrier rating values in this Manual shall be applicable to the
remuneration of all employees of the insured without exception, and compensation policies
shall not be written except upon the entire payroll of the risk which is the subject of the
insurance which risk shall be divided into risk classes where specifically permitted or directed
by these rules, but not otherwise. Under no circumstances shall a compensation policy be
written on any part of the risk leaving another part of the risk uninsured.
5.
Employee Savings Plans
Employee Contributions
Contributions, made in the form of an employee authorized
salary reduction, which are diverted by an employee for payment, by the employer, into a
savings plan shall be included as remuneration for premium computation purposes. Such
payments made by the employer into the plan, of employee salary reduction contributions,
shall not be employer contributions.
Employer Contributions
Contributions of employer funds, made by the employer, the
amount which being determined by reference to employee contributions, shall not be
considered remuneration for premium computation purposes unless same contributions
are reported by the employer as current taxable income to the employee.
C.
ESTIMATED PAYROLLS
1.
Estimated Payrolls By Classification
For each classification shown on the Information Page, the estimated total annual payroll shall
be stated in the column headed "Premium Basis –Estimated Total Annual Remuneration."
2.
Determination of Estimated Payrolls
Estimated payrolls shown on the Information Page shall reflect actual remuneration anticipated
by the insured during the policy period. Such estimates shall be subject to substantiation by
records or inspections.
3.
Approval of Estimated Payrolls
Adequacy of estimated payrolls is subject to approval by the Pennsylvania Compensation
Rating Bureau
D.
WHOLE DOLLARS – PAYROLLS
All payrolls shall be shown to the nearest dollar. A remainder of $.50 shall be rounded to the
next higher dollar.
E.
PAYROLL LIMITATION
1.
How Payroll Limitation Applies
For executive officers, sole proprietors, partners and members of a Limited Liability Company
(LLC) that have obtained coverage and classifications with notes which indicate payroll
limitation, the payroll on which premium is based shall exclude that part of the employee's
average weekly pay in excess of the applicable weekly limitation, provided:
a. Books and records are maintained to show separately the total payroll earned by each
employee whose average weekly pay for the total time employed during the policy period
exceeds the weekly payroll limitation and
b. Separate records are maintained in summary by classification for such employees.
2. Partial Week
A part of a week shall be treated as a full week in determining average weekly pay.
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F.
BASIS OF PREMIUM Additional Information
1.
Employee Expense Reimbursements
Reimbursement expenses (except for hand or power tools as provided for in Rule V., B. 2. i.)
paid to employees may be excluded from the audit provided that all three of the following
conditions are met:
a. The reimbursed expenses paid were incurred upon the business of the employer,
and
b. The amount of each employee’s expense payment is shown separately in the records of
the employer, and
c. The amount of each expense reimbursement reflects the actual expenses incurred by the
employee in the conduct of his or her work.
2. Salary Reduction Plans
In determining the remuneration to be used for premium computation purposes, no deduction
shall be permitted for contributions to employee benefit plans made by employees either
directly or through salary reduction agreements. The typical salary reduction plan involves a
binding salary reduction agreement through which a specific percentage of the employee's
salary is not paid to him or her but is paid into a pension, medical or savings plan (Section 125
IRC).
3. Strike Periods (Wages Paid)
Wages paid to employees who are not on strike but who are unable to perform their normal
duties because of a strike shall be assigned to the classification applicable to the work usually
performed by such employees, except that if any such employees perform absolutely no work
for their employer and are not present on their employer's premises during such period, such
wages shall be assigned to Code 953, Clerical Office Employees, provided the facts are clearly
disclosed by the employer's records.
4. Traveling Time Payments
Payments made by an employer to an employee to reimburse him or her for time spent in
traveling to or from work or to or from a specific job shall be considered as remuneration in
accordance with the provisions of Rule V., B. of the Manual, and such remuneration shall be
assigned to the Manual classification which applies to the work normally performed by such
employee.
5.
Wages Paid for Idle Time
a. The entire amount of wages paid for idle time shall be included as payroll.
b. Wages paid for idle time due to the following causes shall be assigned in their
entirety
to the classification which applies to the work normally performed by the employee
involved:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Suspension or delay of work on account of weather conditions.
Delays while waiting for materials.
Delays while waiting for another contractor to complete certain work.
Delays arising from breakdown of equipment.
"Stand-by" time where employees such as operators of cranes, hoists or other
equipment are on the job but their active services are not required continuously.
Special union requirements or agreements between employer and employees
calling for pay for idle time under specified circumstances.
Other cause of similar nature.
c. Wages paid to key employees of construction, erection or stevedoring risks, such as
superintendents, foremen or engineers, for periods during which no jobs are in progress,
shall be assigned to the classification applicable to the work which each one normally
performs. (Exception: Reference Strike Periods – Wages Paid.)
d. The entire amount of wages paid for idle time to an employee engaged in work other
than construction, erection or stevedoring must be assigned without
division to the
classification which normally applied to that employee.
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6.
Religious Exclusions (Members of certain religious sects whose tenets prohibit benefits from
insurance provided the sect makes provisions for its members).
Workers’ compensation insurance is not compulsory for the above individuals. As per
Section 304.2(a) “An employer may file an application with the Department of Labor and
Industry to be excepted from the provisions of this Act in respect to certain employees. The
application shall include a written waiver by the employee of all benefits under the Act and an
affidavit by the employee that he is a member of a recognized religious sect or division
thereof and is an adherent of established tenets or teachings of such sect or division by
reason of which he is conscientiously opposed to the acceptance of the benefits of any public
or private insurance which makes payments in the event of death, disability…”
Documentation to support the above election must be in evidence at time of audit. Payroll to
the above will then be excluded for purposes of premium determination.
7.
Members of Religious Orders
Refer to Section 2 of the Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Manual. In Pennsylvania,
because of the interest of some of the Catholic dioceses in providing coverage for members
of orders on a voluntary basis, a specific underwriting procedure as well as per capita rates
were adopted by the Bureau.
When such individual is assigned to perform duties in churches, hospitals, schools or other
institutions, those institutions may wish to provide coverage as well. Any remuneration paid
to the order on behalf of its members would be excluded, and the appropriate per capita rates
would be applied.
8.
Subcontractors (Applicable Contracting Classifications)
Consideration has been given to questions which have arisen regarding the classification
procedure for a subcontractor who performs a single type of work on a contracting project or
job. This situation is illustrated by Code 603, Sewer Construction, where portions of the work
such as excavation may be subcontracted.
Consistent with the classification treatment which has been generally observed, it has been
ruled that such subcontracted work shall be classified on the basis of the classification
describing the particular type of work involved. Thus, the subcontractor who only performs
excavation work in connection with the construction of a sewer would be classified as Code
609, Excavation, rather than as Code 603, Sewer Construction.
The ruling in connection with concrete construction has been continued. This requires that all
operations including making and erecting forms, placing reinforcing steel and stripping forms,
when done by subcontractors, shall be assigned to the appropriate concrete construction
classification.
These rulings apply only to insured subcontractors. Uninsured subcontractors, covered under
the principal contractor’s policy, will continue to be classified on the basis of the classifications
which would apply if the work were performed by the principal’s own employees.
9.
Outworkers/Homeworkers
Under Section 104 of the Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act an employee is defined
as “All natural persons who perform services for another for a valuable consideration
exclusive of persons to whom articles or materials are given out to be made up, cleaned,
washed, altered, ornamented, finished or repaired, or adapted for sale in the workers’ own
home, or on other premises, not under the control or management of the employer.”
A review of the relevant case law by Bureau counsel indicated the definition of an “employee”
is not of significance in disputes over the coverage status for individuals who are injured while
working in the home. Instead, the focus is on whether the injury occurred in the furtherance
of the business of the employer. Therefore, the ability to resolve disputes involving coverage
status for an outworker/homeworker, as defined in the Act, remains a legal question beyond
the Bureau’s authority. Accordingly, the employee status of an outworker/homeworker is left
to the discretion of the individual insurance carrier.
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RULE VI – RATING VALUES AND PREMIUM DETERMINATION
A.
BUREAU RATING VALUES
1.
Bureau Loss Cost
Bureau Loss Costs – Dollar amounts per unit of exposure attributable to the payment of losses
under workers compensation and employers liability coverages, filed by the Bureau based on
the aggregate experience of all Bureau members and approved by the Insurance
Commissioner.
2.
Disease Or Radiation Loading
a.
The Bureau Rating Value for a classification code number followed by a letter (a) or (b)
etc. may include a disease loading. Such a loading may be removed upon approval of the
Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau.
b.
The Bureau Loss Costs shown in the Manual include occupational disease loadings which
correspond to the usual exposure to diseases by classifications..
c.
A supplemental occupational disease or radiation loading may be applied to the carrier
rate for any individual business where the occupational disease or radiation hazard is
abnormal, subject to approval by the Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner. When a
carrier plans to apply for the supplemental loading, the carrier shall supply the Bureau with
an inspection report either by an insurance carrier, Department of Labor and Industry or
an outside source which supports the abnormal disease or radiation exposure. The carrier
shall also recommend a value for the supplemental loading. The request and supporting
documentation shall be forwarded by the Bureau to the Insurance Commissioner. Upon
approval by the Insurance Commissioner, the supplemental loading shall be published by
the Bureau on the business’ Bureau data card for a minimum of one year. The
supplemental loading may be removed only by an inspection report performed by an
insurance company, Department of Labor and Industry or another agency evidencing the
abnormal exposure no longer exists. The Bureau shall also forward this request and
documentation to the Insurance Commissioner for review and action. The supplemental
disease or radiation loading is non-ratable in the experience and retrospective rating
plans. No supplemental occupational disease or radiation loading shall be used absent
explicit approval from the Insurance Commissioner.
3.
Premium Adjustment Factor
4.
Experience Rating Factor
5.
Terrorism.
Premium for Terrorism is calculated on the basis of total payroll according to Rule V. The
premium charge is calculated by dividing a risk’s total payroll by $100 and multiplying the result
times the carrier’s rating value. This premium is applied after standard premium and is not
subject to any other modifications, including, but not limited to, premium discount, experience
rating, merit rating, schedule rating, or retrospective rating. Non-Payroll exposures are not
subject to premium charges for Terrorism. Policies issued on an “If Any” basis will not be
charged this premium, unless premium develops during the policy term or at audit. Per capita
charges are not subject to premium for Terrorism.
Terrorism shall be separately stated on the Standard Policy and shall be designated to Code
9740.
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 27
6.
Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism)
Premium for Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism) is calculated on the basis of
total payroll according to Rule V. The premium charge is calculated by dividing a risk’s total
payroll by $100 and multiplying the result times the carrier’s rating value. This premium is
applied after standard premium and is not subject to any other modifications, including, but not
limited to, premium discount, experience rating, merit rating, schedule rating, or retrospective
rating. Non-payroll exposures are not subject to premium charges for Catastrophe (other than
Certified Acts of Terrorism). Policies issued on an “If Any” basis will not be charged this
premium, unless premium develops during the policy term or at audit. Per capita charges are
not subject to premium for Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism).
Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism) shall be separately stated on the Standard
Policy and shall be designated to Statistical Code 9741.
7.
Employer Assessments Pursuant to Act 57 of 1997
Act 57 of 1997 requires that “... the assessments for the maintenance of the Subsequent Injury
Fund, the Workmen’s Compensation Supersedeas Fund and the Workmen’s Compensation
Administration Fund under sections 306.2, 443 and 446 of the act of June 2, 1915 (P.L. 736,
No. 338), known as the “Workers’ Compensation Act, shall no longer be imposed on insurers
but shall be imposed, collected and remitted through insurers in accordance with regulations
promulgated by the Department of Labor and industry.”
In compliance with the above referenced provisions of Act 57 of 1997, the insurance carrier
issuing any Standard Policy providing workers compensation insurance other than Coal Mine
under the Workers’ Compensation Act in Pennsylvania shall impose on and collect from the
employer/entity insured thereunder an Employer Assessment computed according to the
following formula:
Employer Assessment equals Act 57 of 1997 Employer Assessment Factor times Employer
Assessment Premium Base.
The Employer Assessment shall be computed, imposed and collected consistent with the
following definitions of terms:
Act 57 of 1997 Employer Assessment Factor - a factor expressed to four decimal places
proposed by the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau and approved by the
Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner for the specific purpose of computing employer
assessments in conformance with Act 57 of 1997.
Employer Assessment Premium Base - Calculation of Employer Assessment Premium Base
proceeds by adding back to the total policy premium the amount of any applicable Small
Deductible Premium Credit or Large Deductible Premium Credit. Small or Large Deductible
Premium Credits include either of the following statistical codes in Pennsylvania:
9663
9664
Employer Assessments imposed, collected and remitted pursuant to Act 57 of 1997 shall be
separately stated on the Standard Policy and shall be designated by Statistical Code 0938.
For reference purposes, two examples of the intended determination of the appropriate
Employer Assessment Base consistent with this rule are shown below. The first example
presents a risk for which a deductible credit applies before experience modification. The
second example presents a risk for which a deductible credit applies after experience
modification.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 28
Example: Deductible Credit Before Experience Modification
Hypothetical Risk Insured in Classifications 665, Painting and Decorating and 953, Clerical
Office. Risk has taken a small deductible policy, and qualifies for Experience Rating, a Schedule
Rating Credit, a Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Credit and a
Certified Safety Committee Credit. Individual rating values are selected values used only
for purposes of illustrating the derivation of the appropriate Employer Assessment Base
given the respective amounts of premium components shown and are not intended to
relate to any specific carrier or insured’s actual market premium.
Class Code
665
953
Exposure (Payrolls)
Carrier Rate
Manual Premium
$255,000
$7.84
$19,992
48,000
.24
115
Total Manual Premium:
$20,107
Deductible Credit Factor:
0.163
Deductible Premium Credit (Code 9664):
$3,277
Total Subject Premium:
$16,830
Experience Modification:
0.930
Total Standard Premium:
$15,652
Schedule Rating Credit Factor:
0.250
Schedule Rating Credit (Code 9887):
$3,913
Standard Premium After Schedule Rating:
$11,739
Certified Safety Committee Credit Factor:
0.05
Certified Safety Committee Premium Credit:
$587
PCCPAP Credit Factor:
0.25
PCCPAP Premium Credit:
$2,935
Premium Subject to Premium Discount:
$8,217
Premium Discount:
$351
Final Policy Premium:
$7,866
Employer Assessment Base:
Final Policy Premium plus Deductible Premium Credit
(Stat Code 9664)
or
$7,866 + $3,277 = $11,143
Employer Assessment:
Employer Assessment Base x Employer Assessment Factor, rounded to nearest whole dollar.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 29
Example: Deductible Credit After Experience Modification
Hypothetical Risk Insured in Classifications 665, Painting and Decorating and 953, Clerical
Office. Risk has taken a large deductible policy, and qualifies for Experience Rating, a Schedule
Rating Credit, a Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Credit and a
Certified Safety Committee Credit. Individual rating values are selected values used only for
purposes of illustrating the derivation of the appropriate Employer Assessment Base
given the respective amounts of premium components shown and are not intended to
relate to any specific carrier or insured’s actual market premium.
Class Code
665
953
Exposure (Payrolls)
$255,000
48,000
Carrier Rate
$7.84
0.24
Total Manual Premium:
Experience Modification:
Total Standard Premium:
Schedule Rating Credit Factor:
Schedule Rating Credit (Code 9887):
Standard Premium After Schedule Rating:
Certified Safety Committee Credit Factor:
Certified Safety Committee Premium Credit:
PCCPAP Credit Factor:
PCCPAP Premium Credit:
Standard Premium After PCCPAP:
Deductible Credit Factor:
Deductible Premium Credit (Code 9663):
Premium Subject to Premium Discount:
Premium Discount:
Final Policy Premium:
Manual Premium
$19,992
115
$20,107
0.930
$18,700
0.250
$4,675
$14,025
0.05
$701
0.25
$3,506
$9,818
0.600
$5,891
$3,927
$0
$3,927
Employer Assessment Base:
Final Policy Premium plus Deductible Premium Credit
(Stat Code 9663)
or
$3,927 + $5,891 = $9,818
Employer Assessment:
Employer Assessment Base x Employer Assessment Factor, rounded to nearest whole dollar.
B.
CARRIER RATING VALUES
1.
Expense Constant
Expense Constant (if any) is determined by individual carriers’ rating values. It applies to every
policy and it covers expenses such as those for issuing, recording and auditing, which are
common to all workers compensation policies regardless of size.
2.
Minimum Premium
Minimum Premium (if any) is determined by individual carriers' rating values. It is an expression
of the lowest premium amount for which a single risk can be written and carried for any period
of time.
3.
Premium Discount
Premium Discount (if any) is determined by individual carriers’ rating values. It recognizes that
the relative expense of issuing and servicing larger premium policies is less than for smaller
policies.
4.
Retrospective Rating Factor
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 30
C.
PREMIUM
Premium for each classification shown on the policy is determined by multiplying the basis of premium
by the carrier rate dividing by 100..
Example of B above
Basis of premium - payroll
Carrier Rate
Premium
$90,000 x 1.50
100
D.
=
=
=
=
$90,000
x 1.50
$ 1,350
$ 1,350
WHOLE DOLLARS – PREMIUM
All premiums shall be shown to nearest dollar. A remainder of $.50 shall be rounded to next higher
dollar.
E.
F.
PREMIUM MODIFICATION EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
1.
If the risk is subject to experience rating, the experience rating modification shall be shown in
Item 4 of the Information Page and applied to the premium in accordance with the Experience
Rating Plan Section.
2.
Copies of Experience Rating Calculation
a.
The insurance carrier is furnished with the experience rating calculation. Subsequent
insurance carriers may obtain copies of the experience rating calculation by way of special
service at the appropriate charge.
b.
The Bureau shall furnish to any insured employer upon his written request, a copy of the
experience rating calculation of that employer at an appropriate charge.
c.
The insurance carrier of record shall be furnished with an experience rating calculation
established by the Experience Rating Procedure not more than 90 days prior to the
effective date of the rating.
PREMIUM DETERMINATION FOR FEDERAL AND MARITIME INSURANCE
Additional rating procedures are in Rules XII and XIII for insurance for employers subject to the U.S.
Longshore and Harbor Workers' Act, the Federal Employers Liability Act and Admiralty Law.
G.
PREMIUM ALGORITHM
Pennsylvania and Delaware Premium Algorithm Preface:
Optional use upon July 1, 2000. Mandatory use for policies effective on or after January 1,
2002.
The computation of workers compensation premium includes a broad complement of potential rating
values, pricing programs and other similar or related variables. To the extent that these component
parts of premium determination may be applied in a prescribed sequence and using defined formulas
and/or relationships, several potential benefits arise including the following:

Competitive differences within the marketplace can be more clearly defined and consistently
applied;

Similarly situated risks can receive comparable treatment with respect to specific rating values,
pricing programs or other factors, increasing the equity of the marketplace;

Analysis of the effects of various components of overall premium determination can be better
understood and more intelligently compared across carriers, states and/or time;

In the event that new pricing programs or other factors are introduced in the future, the defined
existing formulas can provide a consistent basis for the development of programs and system
procedures within the workers compensation industry.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 31
Pennsylvania and Delaware Workers Compensation Premium Algorithm
Premium Calculation Algorithm
Associated
Statistical
Code
Line #
Item Name
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Classification
Exposure
Carrier Rating Value
Classification Manual Premium
(5)
(6)
(7)
Total Policy Manual Premium
Employer Liability Increased Limits Factor
Employer Liability Increased Limits
Premium Charge
Minimum Premium Employer Liability
Increased Limits
Minimum Premium Employer Liability
Increased Limits Premium Charge
Subject Deductible Credit Percentage
Subject Deductible Premium Credit
Waiver of Subrogation Charge
Waiver of Subrogation Premium
Total Subject Premium
Experience Modification
Modified Premium
Merit Rating Credit Factor
Merit Rating Credit
Merit Rating Neutral Factor
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
xxxx
xxxx
xxxx
Line #
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
Source & Derivation
xxxx
(5)
(6)
(7)
Carrier value
Risk characteristic
Carrier value
(2)/100x(3) if classification has payroll exposure.
Special procedures apply to non-payroll classes
Sum of (4) for all classifications on the policy
Carrier value
(5)x[(6) expressed as a decimal]
9848
(8)
Carrier value
9848
(9)
[(8)-(7)] if (7)<(8) and (6) >0, otherwise zero
9664
9664
0930
0930
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
9884
9886
9886
(20)
(21)
(22)
(23)
(24)
(25)
Merit Rating Neutral Adjustment
Merit Rating Debit Factor
Merit Rating Charge
Premium After Experience
Modification or Merit Rating
Non-Ratable Classifications
Non-Ratable Classifications Exposure
xxxx
(24)
(25)
(26)
(27)
Non-Ratable Classification Rating Value
Non-Ratable Classification Premium
xxxx
(26)
(27)
(28)
9108
(28)
9108
9108
0982
(29)
(30)
(31)
0982
(32)
0982
(33)
(31) x (32)
xxxx
(34)
(35)
Sum of all (27)+(30)+(33) premiums
Carrier value
xxxx
(36)
(34)x [ (35) expressed as a decimal]
9848
(37)
Carrier value
9848
(38)
[(37)-(36)] if (36) < (37) and (35) > 0, otherwise zero
(39)
(40)
Aircraft Seat Surcharge Exposure (# of
seats)
Aircraft Seat Surcharge
Aircraft Seat Surcharge Premium Charge
Workfare Program Employees Exposure
(PA)
Workfare Program Employees Rating Value
(PA)
Workfare Program Employees Premium
(PA)
Non-Ratable Classification Premium Total
Non-Ratable Classification Increased Limits
Factor
Non-Ratable Classification Increased Limits
Premium Charge
Minimum Premium Non-Ratable
Classification Increased Limits
Minimum Premium Non-Ratable
Classification Increased Limits Premium
Charge
Premium Before Schedule Rating
Schedule Rating Plan Adjustment Factor
Carrier value
[(5)+(7)+(9)]x[(-10) expressed as a decimal]
Carrier value - subject to experience modification
Value from Line (12)
[(5)+(7)+(9)+(11)+(13)]
Zero for non-experience-rated risks
(14)x(15)
Zero if Merit Rating Credit does not apply
(14)x[(-17) expressed as a decimal]
Zero whether Merit Rating Neutral Adjustment (no
credit or debit) does or does not apply
(14)x[(19) expressed as a decimal]
Zero if Merit Rating Debit does not apply
(14)x[(21) expressed as a decimal]
(16) if Experience-Rated, [(14)+(18)+(20)+(22)] if
Merit-Rated, (14) if Non-Rated
Carrier Value
Portion of payroll exposure subject to Non-Ratable
Classifications
Carrier Value
(25)/100x(26) [based on applicable Non-Ratable
Classification exposure]
Actual number of seats for insured risk. Subject to
maximum 10 seats per aircraft
Carrier Value
(28) x (29)
Number of person weeks. A partial workweek for
any worker to be counted as 1 person week.
Carrier Value
9887/9889
(39)
(40)
(41)
Schedule Rating Plan Premium Adjustment
9887/9889
(41)
(23)+(34)+(36)+(38)
Carrier value - use 9887 for schedule credits and
9889 for schedule debits
(39)x[(40) expressed as a decimal]. For schedule
credits Line (41) will be negative
(20)
(21)
(22)
(23)
(29)
(30)
(31)
(32)
(33)
(34)
(35)
(36)
(37)
(38)
9898
9885
9885
9884
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 32
Pennsylvania and Delaware Workers Compensation Premium Algorithm
Premium Calculation Algorithm
Associated
Statistical
Code
Line #
9890
9890
(42)
(43)
Credit applies if insured is certified.
[(39)+(41)]x[(-42) expressed as a decimal]
9880
9880
(44)
(45)
Credit applies if insured qualifies
[(39)+(41)]x[(-44) expressed as a decimal]
9046
(46)
9046
(47)
Based on wage level(s), application to rating
organization
[(39)+(41)]x[(-46) expressed as a decimal]
(48)
(49)
Certified Safety Committee Credit Factor (PA)
Certified Safety Committee Premium Credit
(PA)
Workplace Safety Program Credit Factor (DE)
Workplace Safety Program Premium Credit
(DE)
Construction Classification Premium
Adjustment Program Credit Factor
Construction Classification Premium
Adjustment Program Premium Credit
Drug-Free Workplace Factor (DE)
Drug-Free Workplace Credit (DE)
9846
9846
(48)
(49)
(50)
(51)
Managed Care Factor (DE)
Managed Care Credit (DE)
9874
9874
(50)
(51)
(52)
(53)
Package Credit Factor (DE)
Package Credit (DE)
9721
9721
(52)
(53)
(54)
(55)
Premium After Managed Care and Package
Credit If Applicable
Assigned Risk Surcharge Factor (DE)
0277
(55)
(56)
(57)
(58)
(59)
Assigned Risk Premium Surcharge (DE)
Deductible Credit Factor
Deductible Premium Credit
Loss Constant
0277
9663
9663
0032
(56)
(57)
(58)
(59)
(60)
(61)
Loss Constant Charge
Short Rate Cancellation Factor
0032
0931
(60)
(61)
(62)
Short Rate Premium
0931
(62)
(63)
(64)
(65)
(66)
Expense Constant
Expense Constant Charge
Minimum Premium
Minimum Premium Charge
0900
0900
0990
0990
(63)
(64)
(65)
(66)
(67)
Unit Statistical Report Total Standard
Premium
Premium Discount Amount
Line #
Item Name
(42)
(43)
(44)
(45)
(46)
(47)
(68)
(69)
(70)
(71)
(72)
(73)
(74)
Additional premium Waiver of Subrogation
(flat charge)
Terrorism
Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of
Terrorism)
Total Policy Premium Subject to Employer
Assessment
Employer Assessment Factor
Pursuant to Act 57 of 1997 (PA)
Employer Assessment Amount
Pursuant to Act 57 of 1997 (PA)
(54)
(67)
Source & Derivation
Carrier value
[(39)+(41)+(45)+(47)]x[(-48) expressed as a
decimal]
Carrier value
[(39)+(41)+(45)+(47)+(49)]x[(-50) expressed as a
decimal]
Carrier value
[(39)+(41)+(45)+(47)+(49)+(51)]x[(-52) expressed
as a decimal]
[(39)+(41)+(43)+(45)+(47)+(49)+(51)+(53)]
May apply to some or all assigned risks based on
plan and characteristics of individual insured
(54)x[(55) expressed as a decimal]
Carrier value
[(54)+(56)]x[(-57) expressed as a decimal]
Carrier value - may vary based on risk premium
size
Line (59) if applicable
Carrier value - zero if short rate cancellation does
not apply
[(54)+(56)+(58)+(60)]x[(61)-1.0000] if (61)>0,
otherwise zero
Carrier value if applicable
Line (63)
Carrier value
If (65)>[(54)+(56)+(58)+(60)+(62)+
(64)], (65)-[(54)+(56)+(58)+(60)+(62)+(64)],
otherwise zero
[(54)+(56)+(58)+(60)+(62)+(66)]
0063/0064
(68)
9115
(69)
Carrier value based on [(54)+(56)+(58)+(60)+
(62)+(66)]
Carrier value(s)
9740
(70)
(Total payroll/100) x carrier rating value
(71)
(Total payroll/100) x carrier rating value
(72)
(64)+(67)-(68)+(69)+(70)+(71)
0938
(73)
0938
(74)
Bureau value for the specific purpose of
computing employer assessments
[(72)-(11)-(58)]x(73) NOTE: Cells (11) and (58)
are credits. Subtracting these credits as shown
effectively adds the premium reduction given for
deductible coverage back into the premium for
purposes of calculating employer assessments
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 33
RULE VII – PREMIUM DISCOUNT
Item 4 of the Information Page
A.
PREMIUM DISCOUNT
Premium Discount (if any) is determined by an individual carriers' rating values. It recognizes that the
relative expense of issuing and servicing larger premium policies is less than for smaller premium
policies.
B.
COMBINATION OF POLICIES
1.
Combination Permitted
Two or more policies issued to the same insured by one or more insurance carriers under the
same management may be combined for the purpose of computing the premium discount for
that insured.
2.
Combination Procedure
If such separate policies have different expiration dates, the combination for the purpose of 1.
above is subject to the following:
C.
a.
The Bureau shall determine the effective date for the application of premium discount.
b.
All such policies in force prior to such effective date shall be cancelled and rewritten as
of the effective date.
c.
All policies effective after the effective date of the combination shall be written to expire
concurrently with other policies in the combination.
WRAP - UP LARGE CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
The first step in setting up a “wrap-up” program requires the carrier to request approval from:
Compensation Actuary, Bureau of Regulation of Rates and Policies, Pennsylvania Insurance
Department, 1311 Strawberry Square, Harrisburg, PA 17120.
The following application of the premium discount is optional for wrap up construction projects which
are not under a retrospective rating plan:
Policies issued to two or more legal entities engaged in a construction, erection or demolition project
may be combined for the purpose of computing premium discount, subject to the following conditions:
1.
Insurance Carrier
All such policies must be issued by one or more insurance carriers under the same
management.
2.
Policy Limitation
The policies shall be limited to insurance on such large construction projects.
3.
Eligible Entities
Entities eligible for combination shall be limited to the general contractor (including any owner
or principal acting as a general contractor) and subcontractors performing work under contracts
let on an ex-insurance basis. In addition, if the contract between the owner or principal and
such general contractor is on an ex-insurance basis, the owner or principal shall be an eligible
entity under this rule.
4.
Carrier Coverage Responsibility
The carrier’s coverage responsibility in a wrap-up project is for the duration of that project.
Cancellation of such coverage is prohibited except for non-payment of premium.
5.
Bureau Notification
The Bureau must be notified of the method by which the wrap-up policies will be identified.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 34
6.
Separate Policy Requirement
A separate policy is required for each entity included in the wrap-up plan and each policy is
subject to that entity’s own experience rating modification.
7.
Experience Modifications
The experience developed by each entity in the combinations will be used in calculating the
future experience modifications for the entity. There will be no experience rating for the project
as a unit.
RULE VIII – LIMITS OF LIABILITY
Item 3-B of the Information Page
A.
WORKERS COMPENSATION AND EMPLOYERS LIABILITY POLICY
1.
Part One – Workers Compensation
There is no limit of liability in the standard policy for Part One – Workers Compensation. The
policy provides all benefits required by the Pennsylvania Workers Compensation Law and
Occupational Disease Act stated in Item 3-A of the Information Page.
2.
Part Two – Employers Liability
a.
Standard Limits
The standard limits of liability under Part Two are:
Bodily Injury by Accident: $100,000 – each accident
Bodily Injury by Disease: $100,000 – each employee
Bodily Injury by Disease: $500,000 – policy limit.
b.
Increased Limits
The limits under Part Two may be increased, subject to the following:
(1)
(2)
The limits of liability shall be the same for all states specified in Item 3-A of the
Information Page.
The additional premium for increased limits shall be determined by multiplying the
total premium by the percentage in the following Table for Increased Limits. For
this purpose, total premium shall be computed after application of any carrier rate
but before application of experience rating modification or retrospective rating
adjustment.
TABLE FOR INCREASED LIMITS
Statistical
Codes
9803
9805
9806
9807
9808
9810
9811
9812
9814
9815
9816
9837
Limits of Liability
Percentage
(000s omitted)
/
100 /
1,000
0.2%
/
100 /
5,000
1.0%
/
100 / 10,000
2.0%
/
500 /
500
1.1%
/
500 /
1,000
1.3%
/
500 /
5,000
2.1%
/
500 / 10,000
3.1%
/ 1,000 /
1,000
1.4%
/ 1,000 /
5,000
2.2%
/ 1,000 / 10,000
3.2%
over
1,000 / 1,000 / 10,000
(a)
All other
Refer to Table 1
(a) Apply to PCRB for higher limit charges.
100
100
100
500
500
500
500
1,000
1,000
1,000
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 35
Table 1
Bodily Injury by Disease: Policy Limit ($000 Omitted)
Bodily
Injury by
Accident
Each
Accident
Limit and
Bodily
Injury by
Disease
Each
Employee
Limit
($000
Omitted)
Loss
Limit
100
200
300
400
500
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
500
0.0%
0.4%
0.7%
0.9%
1.1%
(3)
c.
1,000
0.2%
0.6%
0.9%
1.1%
1.3%
1.4%
2,000
0.4%
0.8%
1.1%
1.3%
1.5%
1.6%
1.8%
3,000
0.6%
1.0%
1.3%
1.5%
1.7%
1.8%
2.0%
2.2%
4,000
0.8%
1.2%
1.5%
1.7%
1.9%
2.0%
2.2%
2.4%
2.6%
5,000
1.0%
1.4%
1.7%
1.9%
2.1%
2.2%
2.4%
2.6%
2.8%
3.0%
6,000
1.2%
1.6%
1.9%
2.1%
2.3%
2.4%
2.6%
2.8%
3.0%
3.2%
3.4%
7,000
1.4%
1.8%
2.1%
2.3%
2.5%
2.6%
2.8%
3.0%
3.2%
3.4%
3.6%
3.7%
8,000
1.6%
2.0%
2.3%
2.5%
2.7%
2.8%
3.0%
3.2%
3.4%
3.6%
3.8%
3.9%
4.0%
9,000
1.8%
2.2%
2.5%
2.7%
2.9%
3.0%
3.2%
3.4%
3.6%
3.8%
4.0%
4.1%
4.2%
4.3%
10,000
2.0%
2.4%
2.7%
2.9%
3.1%
3.2%
3.4%
3.6%
3.8%
4.0%
4.2%
4.3%
4.4%
4.5%
4.6%
The premium for increased limits shall be subject to any experience rating
modification, merit rating, deductible credit or retrospective rating. The premium
for increased limits on non-ratable classifications is not subject to any experience
rating modifications, merit rating and retrospective rating.
Accident Limit
The limit of liability under Part Two for Bodily Injury by accident applies to all bodily injury
arising out of any one accident.
d.
Disease Limits
The limit of liability under Part Two for Bodily Injury by Disease - each employee –
applies as a separate limit to bodily injury by disease to any one employee and the limit
of liability for Bodily Injury by Disease - policy limit applies as an aggregate limit for all
bodily injury by disease, regardless of the number of employees who sustain bodily
injury by disease.
e.
Show Limit on the Information Page
A limit of liability under Part Two must be stated in Item 3-B of the Information Page.
B.
VOLUNTARY COMPENSATION INSURANCE
1.
Standard Limits
The standard limits of liability under Part Two Employers Liability Insurance for employees
subject to voluntary compensation insurance are:
Bodily Injury by Accident: $100,000 – each accident
Bodily Injury by Disease: $100,000 – each employee
Bodily Injury by Disease: $500,000 – policy limit
The limit of liability for Bodily Injury by Accident applies to all bodily injury arising out of any one
accident. The limit of liability for Bodily Injury by Disease – each employee – applies as a
separate limit to bodily injury by disease to any one employee and the limit of liability for Bodily
Injury by Disease – policy limit – applies as an aggregate limit for all bodily injury by disease,
regardless of the number of employees who sustain bodily injury by disease.
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2.
Increased Limits
a.
b.
3.
The standard limits under Part Two Employers Liability for employees subject to voluntary
compensation insurance may be increased.
The premium for the increased limits shall be determined by using the Table in Rule
A. 2. b.
Premium Determination
Premium shall be determined on the basis of the workers compensation rules, classifications
and Bureau rating values in this Manual for the state workers compensation law designated in
the schedule in the Voluntary Compensation and Employers Liability Coverage Endorsement.
4.
Payroll Records
When voluntary compensation insurance is provided for a group of employees, separate payroll
records shall be maintained by the insured for the designated group of employees.
RULE IX – SPECIAL CONDITIONS OR OPERATIONS AFFECTING COVERAGE
A.
EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
1.
Definition
Executive Officers of a corporation are the President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer or any
other officer appointed or elected in accordance with the charter or by-laws of a corporation or
unincorporated association.
2.
Law And Status
Executive Officers of a corporation are covered under the Pennsylvania Workers' Compensation
Law and have the same status as employees under the policy.
Exceptions
(1)
Elected officers of Pennsylvania or its political subdivisions are not considered employees;
therefore, they are not covered by the policy.
(2)
An executive officer of a for-profit corporation or an executive officer of a nonprofit corporation
who serves voluntarily and without remuneration may elect not to be an "employee" of the
corporation. For the purposes of this exclusion, an executive officer of a for-profit corporation is
an individual who has either an ownership interest in a Subchapter S corporation as defined by
the Act of March 4, 1971 (P.L. 6, No. 2), known as the "Tax Reform Code of 1971 ," or an
interest of at least five percent in a Subchapter C corporation as defined by the Tax Reform
Code of 1971.
3.
Executive Officer Exclusion Procedure
a.
An employer who wishes to exempt an executive officer(s) from coverage under their workers
compensation policy may obtain the forms listed below from either the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, Department of Labor & Industry - Bureau of Workers' Compensation, 1171
South Cameron Street, Room 103, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17104-2501 or their insurance
carrier, agent or broker.
Application for Executive Officer Exception from the Provisions of the Pennsylvania Workers'
Compensation Act: Section 104 LIBC - 509 07-05.
Executive Officer's Affidavit LIBC - 513 0705
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(Note: Copies of the above forms are found in Section 3 of this Manual)
b.
The employer must return both completed forms to their insurance company prior to the
exclusion date. The carrier will endorse their policy by attaching an Exclusion of Executive
Officers Endorsement – Pennsylvania (WC 37 03 10 C). As a general rule, executive officers
may be excluded only on the effective date of the policy. Any exceptions to this general rule
must be approved in writing by the carrier issuing the policy.
c.
This Executive Officer Exclusion Procedure must be repeated each time a policyholder wishes
to change the status of any executive officer or secures coverage from a different carrier group.
d.
Subchapter C and S corporations with no employees must contact the Bureau of Workers
Compensation, 1171 South Cameron Street, Room 103, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17104-2501
for Executive Officer Exemption Certificates. (717 783 5421)
(Note: Carrier group is defined as an insurance carrier sharing the same controlling
ownership.)
4. Executive Officers – MULTIPLE CORPORATE ENTERPRISES
An executive officer may either receive a salary from only one or from several corporations insured
under one policy. In other instances several policies may be issued to cover several corporations
and an executive officer may receive a salary from each of these corporations. The following
procedure shall apply in these instances:
Where it is permissible to include more than one corporation on a single policy and such
corporations are insured by a single carrier whether under one or more policies, the several
corporations shall be considered as a unit with respect to the application of the Executive Officers
Rule. In all other cases the rule shall apply on a policy basis.
5. Executive Officers - REMUNERATION – TREATMENT OF:
a.
b.
c.
The remuneration of an executive officer shall not be included with the payroll of the risk
for premium computation purposes, provided:
1
That such officer is elected for the value of his or her name or because of stock
holdings, has no duties and does not come on the premises, except perhaps to attend
directors' meetings.
2
That such officer because of age or for other reasons, ceases to perform any duties
and does not come on the premises, except perhaps to attend directors' meetings.
The remuneration of an executive officer shall be included with the payroll of the risk for
premium computation purposes, subject to the minimum and maximum provisions of the
Basic Manual, provided:
1
That such executive because of age or for other reasons, ceases to perform any
duties, but nevertheless, frequently visits the premises of the risk.
2
That such officer frequently visits the premises of the risk for business conferences,
directors' meetings or similar duties, although also an officer or employee of another
risk in the operations of which he takes an active interest.
Under the following conditions, the amount of remuneration of executive officers which
shall be included with the payroll of the risk for premium computation purposes, subject to
the minimum and maximum amounts of the Basic Manual, shall be as indicated below:
1
Where the officer draws no salary in fact, but a regular salary is credited to him or
her on the books, the amount so credited shall be included in the payroll of the risk
as his or her remuneration.
2
Where the officer draws no salary in fact, but a regular salary is credited to him or
her on the books and subsequently charged back to such officer, the amount so
credited shall be included in the payroll of the risk as his or her remuneration
regardless of such charge off.
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3
Where the officer draws no regular salary but draws such various sums as his or her
needs or the conditions of the business dictate, the actual amount drawn shall be
included in the payroll of the risk as his or her remuneration.
4
Where the officer receives no salary in fact, either drawn or credited, or where
the records presented to the auditor fail to disclose the salary, the amount to be
included in the payroll of the risk shall be the applicable manual minimum per week.
6. Premium Determination
Premium for executive officers, other than elected officers of Pennsylvania or its political subdivisions,
shall be based on their total payroll, subject to the following: (For further information refer to Section 1,
Rule IX.)
a. The requirements of Rule V-E.
b.
The minimum individual payroll for an executive officer is $---650 per week.
c.
The maximum individual payroll for an executive officer is $---2,300 per week.
d.
These limitations apply to the average weekly payroll of each executive officer for the
number of weeks the officer was employed during the policy period.
e.
A part of a week shall be considered a full week in determining the average weekly
payroll.
7. Assignment of Payroll
Payroll assignment shall be made in the same manner as for any employee. No executive officer's
payroll may be assigned to the standard exception classification unless that officer's duties fulfill the
definition of either Salesmen 951 or Office 953. See Rule IV.
8. Flight Duties
Payroll of an executive officer who is a pilot or member of the flying crew of an aircraft used in the
insured's business shall be assigned as follows:
a.
For each week during which the executive officer did not perform flight duties, assign the
officer's payroll as provided in Rule IX-A-4.
b.
For each week during which the executive officer performed flight duties, assign the
officer's payroll for that week to Code 7421. If an executive officer's non-flying duties in
such a week are subject to a higher-valued classification, that insuring carrier’s highervalued classification shall be assigned in that week.
Rules 5a and b apply on the basis of the pilot's log book required under Federal regulations or other
verifiable records.
If Code 7421 applies and verifiable records are not maintained to indicate those weeks during which
flying is performed by executive officers, their payroll shall be assigned to the insuring carrier’s
highest-valued classification which applies to any of their operations.
9.
Professional Employer Organization (PEO) – Corporate Clients
The full remuneration of an executive officer(s) shall be included in the payroll of the PEO without
payroll limitation. Executive officers may elect to not be subject to the Pennsylvania Workers
Compensation Act. Refer to Rule 2. – Law and Status of this section for officer exclusion procedure.
The corporate entity may also obtain a separate policy of insurance for their officer(s) and/or any
employees not insured by the PEO contract agreement.
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B.
REAL ESTATE SALESPERSON/BROKER LICENSED INSURANCE AGENT – EXCEPTION
Any person who is a licensed real estate salesperson or an associate real estate broker, affiliated with
licensed real estate broker or a licensed insurance agent affiliated with a licensed insurance agency,
under written agreement, remunerated on a commission only basis and who qualifies as an
independent contractor for state tax purposes or for federal tax purposes under the Internal Revenue
Code of 1986 (Public Law 99-514, 26 U.S.C. § 1 ET seq.) is exempt from coverage under the
Workers' Compensation Act.
C.
D.
PROFESSIONAL AND SEMIPROFESSIONAL ATHLETES – CLASS CODE 970
1.
Employees who qualify for payroll limitations include all players on the employer’s salary list
whether regularly played or not, coaches or managers.
2.
The entire remuneration of each player, coach or manager should be included in computing
premium, subject to a maximum of $60,000 per policy year.
3.
When a player, coach or manager works for two or more teams in the same sport during the
policy year, the maximum shall be prorated.
4.
The remuneration of an individual player, coach or manager is subject to a minimum of $500
per policy year, including board and lodging. For more details refer to the Classification and
Rating Values Section.
SOLE PROPRIETORS, PARTNERSHIPS AND MEMBERS OF LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANIES
Sole proprietors, partners and members of a Limited Liability Company (LLC) are not mandatorily
covered by the Pennsylvania Workers' Compensation Act or the Pennsylvania Occupational Disease
Act. A sole proprietor, partner or member of a Limited Liability Company (LLC) may be able to
purchase and/or be insured under a standard workers compensation insurance policy. When such
coverage is provided, attach WC 00 03 10, Sole Proprietors, Partners, Officers and Others Coverage
Endorsement, to the policy, naming the individual(s) so insured. Minimum and maximum payrolls on
which premium is based for sole proprietors, partners and members of a Limited Liability Company
shall be the same as those set forth in Rule IX, A., 6. for executive officers. If payroll information is
not available for a sole proprietor(s), partner(s), or member(s), of a Limited Liability Company (LLC),
develop payroll using the statewide average weekly wage in effect as of the inception date of the
policy. For purposes of this rule, profit or loss amounts attributed to the insured individual’s interest in
the business are not to be considered as payroll.
E.
SUBCONTRACTORS
1.
a.
Law on Contractors and Subcontractors.
Pennsylvania Workers' Compensation Act (Section 302 a & b) provides that a contractor is
responsible for the payment of compensation benefits to employees of its uninsured
subcontractors.
b.
A contractor shall not subcontract all or any part of a contract unless the subcontractor has
presented proof of insurance under this act.
c.
(1) Prior to issuing a building permit to a contractor, a municipality shall require the
contractor to present proof of workers' compensation insurance or an affidavit that the
contractor does not employ other individuals and is not required to carry workers'
compensation insurance.
(2) Every building permit issued by a municipality to a contractor shall clearly set
forth the name and workers' compensation policy and the contractor's Federal or
State Employer Identification Number. This information shall be in addition to any
information required by municipal ordinance. If the building permit is issued to an
applicant which affirms it is not obligated to maintain workers' compensation
insurance under this act, the permit shall clearly set forth the contractor's Federal or
State Employer Identification Number and the substance of the affirmation and that
the applicant is not permitted to employ any individual to perform work pursuant to the
building permit.
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(3)
Every municipality issuing a building permit shall be named as a
workers’ compensation policy certificate holder of a contractor-issued building
permit. This certificate shall be filed with the municipality's copy of the building
permit. An insurer issuing a policy which names a municipality as a workers'
compensation policy certificate holder pursuant to this section shall be required
to notify that municipality of the expiration or cancellation of any such policy of
insurance or policy certificate within three working days of such cancellation or
expiration.
(4)
A municipality shall issue a stop-work order to a contractor who is
performing work pursuant to a building permit, upon receiving actual notice that
the contractor's workers' compensation insurance or State-approved self-insured
status has been cancelled. Also, if the municipality receives actual notice that a
permittee, having filed an affidavit of exemption from workers' compensation
insurance, has hired persons to perform work pursuant to a building permit and
does not maintain required workers' compensation insurance, the municipality
shall issue a stop-work order. This order shall remain in effect until proper
workers' compensation coverage is obtained for all work performed pursuant to
the building permit.
d.
(1)
Where a contractor is performing work for a public body or political
subdivision, all contractors and subcontractors shall provide proof of workers'
compensation insurance to the public body or political subdivision effective for
the duration of the work.
(2)
The public body or political subdivision shall issue a stop work order to
any contractor who is performing work for that public body or political subdivision
upon receiving notice that any public contractor's workers' compensation
insurance, or State-approved self-insurance status, has expired or has been
cancelled. If the public body or political subdivision receives actual notice that a
contractor, having filed an affidavit of exemption from workers' compensation
insurance, has hired persons to perform work for a public body or political
subdivision and does not maintain the required workers' compensation insurance
or self-insurance, the public body or political subdivision shall issue a stop work
order, which order shall remain in effect until proper workers' compensation
coverage is obtained for all work performed pursuant to the contract of work for
the public body or political subdivision.
2.
e.
Should such policy of workers' compensation insurance be cancelled or expire during the
duration of the work or should the workers' compensation self-insurance status change
during the said period, the contractor shall immediately notify, in writing, the municipality,
public body or political subdivision of such cancellation, expiration or change in status.
f.
g.
Nothing is this act shall be the basis of any liability on part of the municipality.
For purposes of subsections (b), (c) and (d) of this section, "proof of insurance" shall
include a certificate of insurance or self-insurance, demonstrating current coverage and
compliance with the requirements of this act, the Occupational Disease Act and the
Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (44 Stat. 1424, 33 U.S.C. 901 et seq.),
its amendments and supplements, where applicable.
h.
For purposes of subsections (b), (c) and (d) of this section, "proof of insurance" shall not
be required when the employer has been exempted pursuant to section 304.2 of this act.
Coverage
If the contractor has specifically assumed this liability, use the Statutory Employer Endorsement (WC
37 03 09) in Section 3 of this Manual. The carrier for the subcontractor should use Exclusion of
Employees Endorsement (WC 37 03 03) in Section 3 of this Manual.
3. Premium for Uninsured Subcontractors
The contractor shall furnish satisfactory evidence that the subcontractor had workers' compensation
insurance in force covering the work performed for the contractor. For each subcontractor for which
such evidence is not furnished, additional premium shall be charged on the policy which insured the
contractor as follows:
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a.
The contractor shall provide a complete payroll record of the employees of each uninsured
subcontractor. Premium on such payroll shall be based on the classifications which would
have applied if the employees of the subcontractor had been employees of the contractor.
b.
If the contractor does not supply the payroll records of its subcontractor, the full subcontract
price of the work performed during the policy period by the subcontractor shall be
established as the payroll of the subcontractor's employees. The additional premium shall be
charged on that amount as payroll.
Exception to 3b
If investigation on a specific job discloses that a definite amount of the subcontract price
represents payroll, such amount shall be the payroll for the additional premium computation.
In contracts for: (1) mobile equipment with operators (such as but not limited to: earth
movers, graders, bulldozers, or log skidders), the payroll shall not be less than 33% of the
subcontract price, (2) labor and material, the payroll shall not be less than 50% of the
subcontract price, (3) labor only, the payroll shall be established as not less than 90% of the
subcontract price.
c.
4.
F.
If an experience modification has been established for the contractor, such experience
modification shall be applied to the premium developed for the uninsured subcontractor.
Drivers, Chauffeurs and Helpers Under Contract
This rule on subcontractors does not apply to contracts to drivers, chauffeurs or helpers on
vehicles engaged under contract. See Rule IV B. 3a (10).
EX-MEDICAL COVERAGE
Ex-medical coverage is prohibited in the state of Pennsylvania.
G.
TRUCKERS – INTERSTATE
The payroll of a trucker shall be assigned to a state in which it has a terminal or base of operations.
These guidelines are not applicable to dispatching or broker operations.
Example:
A driver/employee resides in State A. His employer/trucker base of operations is in State B. If the
driver/employee regularly travels to the terminal or base of operations in State B to load or unload
freight or perform other regular work functions, i.e. mechanic, the driver/employee payroll shall be
assigned to State B.
When the trucker does not operate from a terminal or base of operation, the state to which the payroll
is assigned shall be determined in accordance with the following procedures.
If it can be established that the trucker does a significant portion of its business in a single state, the
payrolls, other than those payrolls which can be attributed to specific work functions in a specific
state, should be assigned to that state. Factors such as driving time, number of pickups and
deliveries, revenue and tonnage, should be considered in determining the state of payroll assignment.
If a state payroll assignment cannot be made based on these factors, then the truckers payroll shall
be assigned to his state of residence.
For the purposes of the guidelines the following definitions shall apply:
TRUCKER – A trucker is the holder of operating authority from a government agency.
TERMINAL OR BASE OF OPERATIONS – A permanent location owned, leased or used by the
trucker at which loading, unloading and other related non-clerical work functions such as
maintenance and transfers are performed and from which the driver/employee is assigned to work
from on a regular basis.
STATE OF RESIDENCE – The state in which the trucker resides as evidenced by the location used
for the filing of federal income taxes.
REGULAR – A pattern of 40 hours per week or any other pattern that appears on a continuing basis.
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H.
PENNSYLVANIA CONSTRUCTION CLASSIFICATION PREMIUM ADJUSTMENT PROGRAM
1.
The Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program provides for a
premium credit for up to one year for a policy which contains one or more construction
classifications. A credit may be applicable to those policies effective new and renewed with
normal anniversary rating dates on or after January 1, 1991.
For policies subject both to a Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment
Program credit and any retrospective rating plan the PCCPAP credit shall be applied in
determining standard premium. Such adjusted standard premium shall then be used wherever
standard premium would otherwise apply in determining retrospective rating plan values and
amounts for the retrospective rating plan applicable to the same risk if no PCCPAP credit were
applicable. PCCPAP credits shall not be applied to final retrospective premium either in lieu of or
in addition to the above prescribed procedure.
The basis for determining the credit is the total payroll (including overtime premium pay) and
hours worked for each construction classification as reported to taxing authorities. The applicable
report periods vary according to the normal anniversary rating date of each policy, as set forth
below:
Normal
Anniversary
Rating Dates
Reporting
Period for
Qualifying Wages
October 1, 2009 – September 30, 2010
Third calendar quarter of 2008
October 1, 2010 – September 30, 2011
Third calendar quarter of 2009
October 1, 2011 – September 30, 2012
Third calendar quarter of 2010
October 1, 2012 – September 30, 2013
Third calendar quarter of 2011
October 1, 2013 and later
Third calendar quarter of 2012
If the insured did not engage in operations for the complete quarter, then the last complete quarter
prior to policy year inception shall be used or, if there was no complete quarter of operations prior to
the policy inception, then the first complete quarter after policy inception shall be used. A credit may
be determined for each construction classification by dividing the total payroll, including overtime
premium pay, by the number of hours worked to arrive at the average hourly wage for the
classification. In the absence of specific records for salaried employees, it will be assumed each such
individual worked forty (40) hours per week. The credit for average hourly wage is listed below:
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Normal Anniversary Rating Dates – October 1, 2009 - September 30, 2010
Average
Hourly Wage
24.94 or less
24.95
25.34
25.35
25.74
25.75
26.14
26.15
26.59
26.60
27.04
27.05
27.49
27.50
27.94
27.95
28.44
28.45
28.94
28.95
29.44
29.45
29.94
29.95
30.44
30.45
30.99
Credit From
Standard
Premium
None
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
10%
11%
12%
13%
14%
15%
16%
17%
Average
Hourly Wage
31.00
31.55
32.10
32.70
33.30
33.90
34.55
35.20
35.85
36.55
37.25
38.00
38.75
31.54
32.09
32.69
33.29
33.89
34.54
35.19
35.84
36.54
37.24
37.99
38.74
and over
Credit From
Standard
Premium
18%
19%
20%
21%
22%
23%
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
Normal Anniversary Rating Dates – October 1, 2010 - September 30, 2011
Average
Hourly Wage
25.19 or less
25.20
25.59
25.60
25.99
26.00
26.39
26.84
26.40
26.85
27.29
27.30
27.74
27.75
28.24
28.25
28.74
28.75
29.24
29.25
29.74
29.75
30.24
30.25
30.74
30.75
31.29
Credit From
Standard
Premium
None
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
10%
11%
12%
13%
14%
15%
16%
17%
Average
Hourly Wage
31.30
31.85
32.40
33.00
33.60
34.25
34.90
35.55
36.25
36.95
37.65
38.40
39.15
31.84
32.39
32.99
33.59
34.24
34.89
35.54
36.24
36.94
37.64
38.39
39.14
and over
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Credit From
Standard
Premium
18%
19%
20%
21%
22%
23%
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
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Normal Anniversary Rating Dates – October 1, 2011 - September 30, 2012
Average
Hourly Wage
25.59 or less
25.60
25.99
26.00
26.39
26.40
26.84
26.85
27.29
27.30
27.74
27.75
28.19
28.20
28.69
28.70
29.19
29.20
29.69
29.70
30.19
30.20
30.69
30.70
31.24
31.25
31.79
Credit From
Standard
Premium
None
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
10%
11%
12%
13%
14%
15%
16%
17%
Average
Hourly Wage
31.80
32.35
32.95
33.55
34.15
34.80
35.45
36.10
36.80
37.50
38.20
38.95
39.70
32.34
32.94
33.54
34.14
34.79
35.44
36.09
36.79
37.49
38.19
38.94
39.69
and over
Credit From
Standard
Premium
18%
19%
20%
21%
22%
23%
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
Normal Anniversary Rating Dates – October 1, 2012 – September 30, 2013
Average
Hourly Wage
26.49 or less
26.50
26.89
26.90
27.34
27.35
27.79
28.24
27.80
28.25
28.69
28.70
29.19
29.20
29.69
29.70
30.19
30.20
30.69
30.70
31.24
31.25
31.79
31.80
32.34
32.35
32.89
Credit From
Standard
Premium
None
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
10%
11%
12%
13%
14%
15%
16%
17%
Average
Hourly Wage
32.90
33.50
34.10
34.70
35.35
36.00
36.65
37.35
38.05
38.80
39.55
40.35
41.15
33.49
34.09
34.69
35.34
35.99
36.64
37.34
38.04
38.79
39.54
40.34
41.14
and over
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Credit From
Standard
Premium
18%
19%
20%
21%
22%
23%
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 45
Normal Anniversary Rating Dates – October 1, 2013 and later
Credit From
Average
Standard
Average
Hourly Wage
Premium
Hourly Wage
27.34 or less
27.35
27.74
27.75
28.19
28.20
28.64
28.65
29.14
29.15
29.64
29.65
30.14
30.15
30.64
30.65
31.14
31.15
31.69
31.70
32.24
32.25
32.79
32.80
33.39
33.40
33.99
None
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
10%
11%
12%
13%
14%
15%
16%
17%
34.00
34.60
35.20
35.85
36.50
37.15
37.85
38.55
39.30
40.05
40.85
41.65
42.45
34.59
35.19
35.84
36.49
37.14
37.84
38.54
39.29
40.04
40.84
41.64
42.44
and over
Credit From
Standard
Premium
18%
19%
20%
21%
22%
23%
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
The total construction classification credit amount, in dollars, must be calculated and then divided by
the total policy premium at bureau rating values – including construction and non-construction
classifications. The resulting percentage credit will be the indicated policy credit. When calculating
the indicated policy credit, the percentage shall be rounded to the nearest whole number with .5 being
rounded upward (as an example, 5.4 rounded to 5 and 5.5 rounded to 6).
The indicated policy credit will be applied to the January 1, 2002 or later policy for any insured not
eligible for experience rating. For insureds eligible for experience rating, a policy credit to be applied
to the January 1, 2002 or later policy will be determined as follows:

The insured’s experience modification effective one year prior to the effective date of the
Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program (PCCPAP) credit will be
determined in accordance with applicable Manual rules using expected losses reduced by the
indicated policy credit percentage for the policy period to which the PCCPAP credit will apply.
This experience modification will be designated as the PCCPAP numerator.

The insured’s experience modification effective one year prior to the effective date of the
PCCPAP credit will be determined in accordance with applicable Manual rules. This experience
modification will be designated as the PCCPAP denominator.

A credit Adjustment Factor will be computed by dividing the PCCPAP numerator by the PCCPAP
denominator. This credit adjustment factor will be rounded to four decimal places. In the event
that the insured’s experience modification factor effective one year prior to the effective date of
the PCCPAP credit cannot be promulgated at the time the PCCPAP credit is determined, the
credit adjustment factor will be set equal to 1.0000.

A policy credit will be computed according to the following formula:
100 - [100 - indicated policy credit] x credit adjustment factor

The policy credit, rounded to the nearest whole number using the convention described above
with respect to the indicated policy credit, will be applied to the January 1, 2002 or later policy for
insureds eligible for experience rating.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 46
EXAMPLE:
Hypothetical insured qualified for experience rating –
(1.)
(2.)
(3.)
(4.)
(5.)
Insured’s indicated policy credit:
PCCPAP numerator: (insured’s experience modification for prior
policy period with expected losses reduced by the indicated policy
credit)
PCCPAP denominator: (insured’s experience modification for prior
policy period)
Credit adjustment factor:
((2) / (3)) rounded to 4 decimals
Policy credit factor:
100 - [100 - 26] x 1.0721 rounded to two decimals
26
1.026
0.957
1.0721
21
The insured shall submit the required payroll and hours worked information to the Pennsylvania
Compensation Rating Bureau for calculation of any applicable credit. The carrier shall, upon audit,
verify the information that was submitted by the insured and used in the calculation of the credit. If the
carrier discovers an error in the original request for policy credit, the revised information must be
submitted to the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau for recalculation. If the insured does not
furnish records to verify the payrolls and hours worked originally submitted and used in the calculation
of the credit, there shall be no credit applied to the policy.
The credit authorized by the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau shall appear on Item 4 of the
policy. If the credit applicable to the policy is not available at the time of policy issuance, the carrier
shall endorse the policy to provide the appropriate credit information once a qualifying application has
been processed and the Bureau has notified the carrier of the credit determined on the basis of such
application.
Report Pennsylvania Construction Class Premium Credit on the information page and unit statistical
report under Code 9046.
Carriers are required to use the approved form to notify all their insureds, who have one or more
construction classifications on their policy, that they may be eligible for a premium adjustment credit.
"Construction classifications" are those classifications subject to the following code numbers:
601
--603
605
606
607
608
609
611
615
617
645
646
647
648
649
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
673
674
675
676
677
679
681
691
693
695
2. Appeals
The Bureau's determination of an individual risk's eligibility for or the percentage of credit under the
Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment Program may be appealed pursuant to
RULE XVI, APPEALS FROM APPLICATION OF THE RATING SYSTEM PROCEDURE, Section 1 of
this Manual.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 47
BUREAU FILE NO.: ________________________
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION – PREMIUM CREDIT APPLICATION
NAME ON INSURANCE POLICY _________________________________________________________________________
INSURANCE COMPANY (Not Agent) ______________________________________________________________________
POLICY NO. ________________________________
EFF. DATE ____________________________
Notice: Unless Code(s), total wages paid as reported to taxing authorities, total hours worked, and calendar
quarter reported are indicated and application is signed, it cannot be processed. Non-construction
class code payrolls must be included. Corporate Officers should be included in the appropriate
classification subject to payroll limitation rules. Do not include corporate officers who have elected
to be excluded from the Workers Compensation Act. Contact your agent and/or insurance company
if assistance is desired.
 YES
Are you currently engaged in a Long Term Construction Project (i.e. Wrap-up)?
CLASSIFICATION DESCRIPTION
PENNSYLVANIA
WC
CLASS
CODE
TOTAL
PENNSYLVANIA
WAGES PAID
THIS QUARTER
TOTAL
HOURS
WORKED
THIS QUARTER
(Including
O.T.)
Example: Carpentry
652
$8,000
460
Example: Office
953
$3,000
520
The foregoing is based on actual wages and hours worked, as reflected in our payroll records, for the complete calendar
quarter ending _________________________.
Signature ________________________________________
Title ________________________________________
Telephone Number ________________________________
Date ________________________________________
Address ________________________________
City __________________
State _________
Zip Code ______
SEND APPLICATION TO:
EXPERIENCE RATING DEPARTMENT
PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
UNITED PLAZA BUILDING, SUITE 1500
30 SOUTH 17th STREET
PHILADELPHIA, PA 19103-4007
No application will be processed by the Bureau unless such application is filed within 12 months
after the termination of the policy period to which it would apply.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 48
I. CERTIFIED SAFETY COMMITTEE CREDIT PROGRAM
1.
Act 44 of 1993 mandates that the Department of Labor and Industry develop certification
criteria for the operation of safety committees. (For certification criteria contact Pennsylvania
Department of Labor and Industry.)
2.
A 5% rate credit shall apply to the policy period beginning with the next normal anniversary
rating date established by the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau and shall not apply
to the policy period in effect when the certification is issued.
3.
The 5% rate credit shall continue if the employer annually submits certification renewal
affidavits acceptable to the Department of Labor and Industry.
4.
Use Endorsement WC 37 04 04B Certified Safety Committee Endorsement – Pennsylvania to
show credit on appropriate policy.
RULE X – CANCELLATION
A.
WHO MAY CANCEL
1.
The Cancellation Condition of the Standard Policy permits cancellation by the insured or by the
insurance carrier.
2.
Pennsylvania enacted legislation that prohibits an insurance carrier from cancelling workers'
compensation policies during their term, except for nonpayment of premium and/or failure to
reimburse the deductible amount.
Reinstatement
When a notice of cancellation for non-payment has been issued, if the insurer thereafter receives
payment and voluntarily determines to reinstate the policy, such reinstatement of coverage must be
retroactive to the cancellation date.
Alternatively, if the insurer does not want to reinstate the policy as of the cancellation date but
voluntarily determines to resume coverage after a lapse in coverage, the insurer must issue a new
policy. Such new policy must carry the carrier rating values effective on the anniversary rating date
of the cancelled policy.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: CANCELLATION NOTICES MUST BE FILED WITH THE BUREAU
WITHIN 10 DAYS OF ISSUANCE; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, THAT FAILURE TO FILE SUCH
NOTICE WITHIN THE REQUIRED TIME SHALL NOT INVALIDATE ANY CANCELLATION
WHICH HAS BEEN MADE IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE POLICY.
B.
PREMIUM DETERMINATION – CANCELLATION BY THE INSURANCE CARRIER
Premium for the canceled policy shall be computed as follows:
1.
Carrier Rating Values and Payroll
Apply carrier rating values to the payroll developed during the period the policy was in effect.
2.
Experience Rating
Apply any experience rating modification in accordance with the rules of the Experience Rating
Plan Section. Refer to Rule VI-E.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 49
C. PREMIUM DETERMINATION – CANCELLATION BY THE INSURED, WHEN RETIRING FROM
BUSINESS
Compute the premium as provided in B above if a policy is cancelled by the insured when:
D.
1.
All the work covered by the policy has been completed, or
2.
All interest in any business covered by the policy has been sold, or
3.
The insured has retired from all business covered by the policy.
PREMIUM DETERMINATION—CANCELLATION BY THE INSURED, EXCEPT WHEN RETIRING
FROM BUSINESS
The premium for the canceled policy shall be based on the Short Rate Cancellation Table in this rule
and computed as follows:
1.
Actual Payroll
Determine the payroll developed during the period the policy was in effect.
2.
Extended Payroll and Number of Days
a.
Extended Payroll
Extend such payroll pro-rata based on the number of days for which the policy was written
divided by the number of days the policy remained in force to produce the full policy payroll.
Example
A policy written for 250 days that remained in effect for 185 days produced a payroll of
$55,500. Payroll extended for the original policy term — $55,500 x 250/185 = $75,000.
b.
Extended Number of Days
The extended number of days shall be determined by dividing the number of days the policy
was in force by the number of days for which the policy was written and multiplying the
quotient by 365 days. (When the policy was written for a one year period, the extended
number of days will equal the number of days the policy remained in force.
3.
Carrier Rate
Apply carrier rate to the payroll in 2a. above.
4.
Experience Rating
Apply any experience rating modification in accordance with the rules of the Experience Rating
Plan Section. Refer to Rule VI-H.
5.
Short Rate Percentage
Based on the extended number of days calculated in 2.b., apply the short rate percentage
shown in the Short Rate Cancellation Table in this rule to the premium computed on the basis
of the extended payroll in order to determine the short rate portion of the premium.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 50
6.
Example of a Short Rate Cancellation
A policy originally written for 250 days in effect for 185 days develops actual payroll of $55,500,
carrier rate of $.50.
a.
Payroll extended to full policy term =
$55,500 x 250 = $75,000
185
b.
Full policy term premium = $75,000 x $.50 = $375
c.
Extended number of days =
185 x 365 = 270
250
d.
Short rate percentage for 270 days = 80%
e.
Short rate premium = $375 x .80 = $300
f.
Total premium for canceled policy = $300
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 51
E.
SHORT RATE CANCELLATION TABLE FOR TERM OF ONE YEAR
Days
Policy
In Force
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
26
30
33
37
41
44
48
52
55
59
63
66
70
74
77
81
84
88
92
95
99
103
106
110
114
117
121
125
128
132
136
139
143
147
150
-
1
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
25
29
32
36
40
43
47
51
54
58
62
65
69
73
76
80
83
87
91
94
98
102
105
109
113
116
120
124
127
131
135
138
142
146
149
153
Percent
of
One Year
Premium
(1 mo)
(2 mos)
(3 mos)
(4 mos)
(5 mos)
5%
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
Days
Policy
In Force
154
157
161
165
168
172
176
179
183
188
192
197
201
206
210
215
219
224
229
233
238
242
247
251
256
261
265
270
274
279
283
288
292
297
302
306
311
315
320
324
329
333
338
343
347
352
356
361
-
156
160
164
167
171
175
178
182
187
191
196
200
205
209
214
218
223
228
232
237
241
246
250
255
260
264
269
273
278
282
287
291
296
301
305
310
314
319
323
328
332
337
342
346
351
355
360
365
Percent of
One Year
Premium
(6 mos)
(7 mos)
(8 mos)
(9 mos)
(10 mos)
(11 mos)
(12 mos)
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 52
Short Rate Cancellation Table
Days In
Policy Period
Short Rate
Percentages
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
18.2482
10.9489
8.5158
6.3869
5.8394
46
47
48
49
50
.23
.23
.24
.24
.24
1.8250
1.7861
1.8250
1.7877
1.7520
.08
.09
.09
.10
.10
4.8662
4.6924
4.1058
4.0552
3.6496
51
52
53
54
55
.24
.25
.25
.25
.26
1.7176
1.7548
1.7216
1.6899
1.7255
11
12
13
14
15
.11
.11
.12
.12
.13
3.6496
3.3455
3.3689
3.1283
3.1630
56
57
58
59
60
.26
.26
.26
.27
.27
1.6947
1.6650
1.6362
1.6704
1.6425
16
17
18
19
20
.13
.14
.14
.15
.15
2.9653
3.0056
2.8386
2.8818
2.7377
61
62
63
64
65
.27
.27
.28
.28
.28
1.6156
1.5895
1.6222
1.5969
1.5723
21
22
23
24
25
.16
.16
.17
.17
.17
2.7812
2.6547
2.6980
2.5856
2.4821
66
67
68
69
70
.29
.29
.29
.29
.30
1.6038
1.5799
1.5566
1.5341
1.5643
26
27
28
29
30
.18
.18
.18
.18
.19
2.5270
2.4334
2.3465
2.2656
2.3117
71
72
73
74
75
.30
.30
.30
.31
.31
1.5423
1.5208
1.5000
1.5291
1.5087
31
32
33
34
35
.19
.19
.20
.20
.20
2.2371
2.1672
2.2121
2.1471
2.0857
76
77
78
79
80
.31
.32
.32
.32
.32
1.4888
1.5169
1.4974
1.4785
1.4600
36
37
38
39
40
.20
.21
.21
.21
.21
2.0278
2.0716
2.0171
1.9654
1.9162
81
82
83
84
85
.33
.33
.33
.34
.34
1.4870
1.4689
1.4512
1.4774
1.4600
41
42
43
44
45
.22
.22
.22
.23
.23
1.9585
1.9119
1.8674
1.9079
1.8655
86
87
88
89
90
.34
.34
.35
.35
.35
1.4430
1.4264
1.4517
1.4354
1.4194
Days In
Policy
Short Rate
Percentages
1
2
3
4
5
.05
.06
.07
.07
.08
6
7
8
9
10
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
In Effect
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 53
Short Rate Cancellation Table (Continued)
Days in
Policy Period
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
Short Rate
Percentages
.35
.36
.36
.36
.37
.37
.37
.37
.38
.38
.38
.38
.39
.39
.39
.40
.40
.40
.40
.41
.41
.41
.41
.42
.42
.42
.43
.43
.43
.43
.44
.44
.44
.44
.45
.45
.45
.46
.46
.46
.46
.47
.47
.47
.47
Factors to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.4038
1.4283
1.4129
1.3979
1.4216
1.4068
1.3923
1.3781
1.4010
1.3870
1.3733
1.3598
1.3820
1.3688
1.3557
1.3774
1.3645
1.3519
1.3395
1.3605
1.3452
1.3362
1.3243
1.3447
1.3330
1.3215
1.3414
1.3301
1.3189
1.3079
1.3273
1.3164
1.3057
1.2951
1.3140
1.3036
1.2933
1.3117
1.3016
1.2916
1.2817
1.2996
1.2899
1.2802
1.2708
Days in
Policy Period
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
Short Rate
Percentages
.48
.48
.48
.49
.49
.49
.49
.50
.50
.50
.50
.51
.51
.51
.52
.52
.52
.52
.53
.53
.53
.54
.54
.54
.54
.55
.55
.55
.55
.56
.56
.56
.57
.57
.57
.57
.58
.58
.58
.58
.59
.59
.59
.60
.60
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Factors to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.2882
1.2788
1.2696
1.2867
1.2775
1.2684
1.2595
1.2762
1.2674
1.2586
1.2500
1.2663
1.2578
1.2493
1.2653
1.2569
1.2487
1.2405
1.2562
1.2481
1.2401
1.2554
1.2475
1.2396
1.2319
1.2469
1.2392
1.2316
1.2241
1.2388
1.2313
1.2240
1.2384
1.2311
1.2238
1.2167
1.2308
1.2237
1.2167
1.2097
1.2236
1.2167
1.2098
1.2235
1.2167
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 54
Short Rate Cancellation Table (Continued)
Days in
Policy Period
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
Short Rate
Percentages
.60
.60
.61
.61
.61
.61
.61
.62
.62
.62
.62
.63
.63
.63
.63
.63
.64
.64
.64
.64
.65
.65
.65
.65
.65
.66
.66
.66
.66
.67
.67
.67
.67
.67
.68
.68
.68
.68
.69
.69
.69
.69
.69
.70
.70
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.2099
1.2033
1.2167
1.2101
1.2035
1.1970
1.1906
1.2037
1.1974
1.1910
1.1848
1.1977
1.1914
1.1853
1.1792
1.1732
1.1858
1.1798
1.1739
1.1680
1.1804
1.1745
1.1687
1.1630
1.1573
1.1694
1.1638
1.1582
1.1526
1.1645
1.1590
1.1535
1.1481
1.1428
1.1544
1.1491
1.1438
1.1385
1.1500
1.1448
1.1396
1.1345
1.1294
1.1406
1.1356
Days in
Policy Period
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
Short Rate
Percentages
.70
.70
.70
.71
.71
.71
.71
.72
.72
.72
.72
.72
.73
.73
.73
.73
.74
.74
.74
.74
.74
.75
.75
.75
.75
.76
.76
.76
.76
.76
.77
.77
.77
.77
.77
.78
.78
.78
.78
.79
.79
.79
.79
.79
.80
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.1305
1.1255
1.1206
1.1317
1.1267
1.1219
1.1170
1.1279
1.1231
1.1183
1.1136
1.1089
1.1195
1.1149
1.1102
1.1056
1.1161
1.1115
1.1070
1.1025
1.0980
1.1083
1.1038
1.0994
1.0950
1.1052
1.1008
1.0964
1.0921
1.0878
1.0979
1.0936
1.0893
1.0851
1.0810
1.0908
1.0866
1.0825
1.0784
1.0881
1.0840
1.0800
1.0759
1.0719
1.0815
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 55
Short Rate Cancellation Table (Continued)
Days in
Policy Period
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
Short Rate
Percentages
.80
.80
.80
.81
.81
.81
.81
.81
.82
.82
.82
.82
.83
.83
.83
.83
.83
.84
.84
.84
.84
.85
.85
.85
.85
.85
.86
.86
.86
.86
.86
.87
.87
.87
.87
.88
.88
.88
.88
.88
.89
.89
.89
.89
.90
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.0775
1.0735
1.0696
1.0790
1.0751
1.0712
1.0673
1.0635
1.0728
1.0689
1.0651
1.0614
1.0705
1.0667
1.0630
1.0593
1.0556
1.0646
1.0609
1.0572
1.0536
1.0625
1.0589
1.0553
1.0517
1.0481
1.0569
1.0534
1.0498
1.0463
1.0429
1.0515
1.0480
1.0446
1.0411
1.0497
1.0462
1.0429
1.0395
1.0361
1.0445
1.0412
1.0379
1.0346
1.0429
Days in
Policy Period
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
Short Rate
Percentages
.90
.90
.90
.90
.91
.91
.91
.91
.92
.92
.92
.92
.92
.93
.93
.93
.93
.94
.94
.94
.94
.94
.95
.95
.95
.95
.95
.96
.96
.96
.96
.97
.97
.97
.97
.97
.98
.98
.98
.98
.99
.99
.99
.99
.99
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Factor to Apply
to Earned Premium
for Period Policy
in Effect
1.0396
1.0363
1.0330
1.0298
1.0380
1.0347
1.0315
1.0283
1.0364
1.0332
1.0301
1.0269
1.0238
1.0318
1.0286
1.0255
1.0224
1.0303
1.0272
1.0242
1.0211
1.0181
1.0259
1.0229
1.0198
1.0169
1.0139
1.0216
1.0186
1.0156
1.0127
1.0203
1.0174
1.0145
1.0116
1.0087
1.0162
1.0133
1.0105
1.0076
1.0150
1.0122
1.0094
1.0065
1.0038
1.0111
1.0083
1.0055
1.0027
1.0000
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 56
RULE XI – THREE-YEAR FIXED RATE POLICY OPTION
1.
A carrier may file a "Three-Year Fixed Rate Option" program with the Pennsylvania Insurance
Department.
2.
A policy may be issued for a period of three years at a fixed carrier rate, provided the risk is not
eligible for the Experience Rating Plan on the effective date of the policy.
3.
A policy issued under an approved program shall be designated on the Information Page as
follows - "THREE-YEAR FIXED RATE."
RULE XII – U.S. LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT
A.
GENERAL EXPLANATION
The U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act (U.S.L. & H.W. Act) is a Federal law
which provides for payment of compensation and other benefits to employees such as longshoremen,
harbor workers, ship repairmen, shipbuilders, ship-breakers and other employees engaged in loading,
unloading, repairing or building a vessel. It applies to such employees while working on navigable
waters of the United States and also while working on any adjoining pier, wharf, dry dock, terminal,
building way, marine railway, or other area adjoining such navigable waters customarily used for
loading, unloading, repairing or building a vessel. It does not cover masters or members of the crew of
a vessel. For complete details see U.S. Code (1946), Title 33, Section 901-49, amended by Public
Law 92-576.
B.
WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE – PART ONE
The standard policy is used to insure the statutory obligation of an employer to furnish benefits
required by the U.S.L. & H.W. Act. Attach the Standard Longshore and Harbor Workers'
Compensation Act Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 01 06A) to provide such insurance. Do not
designate the U.S.L. & H.W. Act in Item 3-A of the Information Page.
C.
EMPLOYERS LIABILITY INSURANCE – PART TWO
For operations subject to the U.S.L. & H.W. Act, the standard limits of liability under Part Two are:
Bodily Injury by Accident: $100,000 – each accident
Bodily Injury by Disease: $100,000 – each employee
Bodily Injury by Disease: $500,000 – policy limit, Refer to Rule VIII.
D.
CLASSIFICATIONS AND RATES
1.
Classifications
Classifications for insurance under the U.S.L. & H.W. Act are listed in "Section 2 –
Classifications" of this Manual.
2.
Rates for Federal "F" Classifications
The manual rates for classification code numbers followed by the letter "F" include premium for
operations subject to the U.S.L. & H.W. Act.
3.
Bureau Rating Values for Non-Federal "Non-F" Classifications
The manual bureau rating values for classification code numbers not followed by the letter "F"
do not include premium for operations subject to the U.S.L. & H.W. Act. If operations under
such classifications involve some employees subject to U.S.L. & H.W. Act, the manual rates
and minimum premiums for such classifications shall be increased by the U.S. Longshore and
Harbor Workers' Compensation Coverage Percentage. Such increased rate shall apply only to
payroll of employees engaged in operations subject to the U.S.L. & H.W. Act.
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SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 57
E.
EXTENSIONS OF THE U.S.L. & H.W. ACT
1.
Defense Base Act
The Defense Base Act extends the provisions of the U.S.L. & H.W. Act to employers and their
employees on overseas military bases and on other overseas locations under public works
contracts being performed by contractors with agencies of the United States Government.
Employees who are not United States citizens may be exempted from coverage upon approval
of a waiver by the Secretary of Labor. For complete details, see Defense Bases Act, U.S. Code
(1946) Title 42 Sections 1651-54, Public Law 208, 77th Congress.
To provide such insurance, attach the Standard Defense Base Act Coverage Endorsement
(WC 00 01 01A).
2.
Civilian Employees of Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities Act
The Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities Act extends the provisions of the U.S.L. & H.W.
Act to civilian employees of nonappropriated fund instrumentalities such as post exchanges
and service clubs of the Armed Forces. For complete details, see U.S. Code (1970) Title 5,
Section 8171 (Public Law 85-538, 85th Congress).
To provide such insurance attach the Standard Nonappropriated Fund Instrumentalities Act
Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 01 08A).
3.
Premium Determination
For insurance under extensions of the U.S.L. & H.W. Act, determine premium as provided in
Rule XII - D.
4.
Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act
To provide such insurance, attach the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act Coverage
Endorsement (WC 00 01 09A).
F.
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION VOLUNTARY POOL
Contact Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau for information concerning U.S.L. & H.W.
coverage.
RULE XIII – THE ADMIRALTY LAW AND THE FEDERAL EMPLOYERS' LIABILITY ACT
NOTE: The Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau has no jurisdiction over the bureau rating values or
classification for Admiralty or Federal Employers Liability exposure. The following rule was published by the
National Council on Compensation Insurance and is shown here for information purposes only.
A.
GENERAL EXPLANATION
1.
Admiralty Law
Masters and members of the crews of vessels are not covered under state workers
compensation laws nor under the U.S.L. & H.W. Act. They are subject to admiralty law and, if
injured, have the right to sue their employers for damages in the Admiralty Courts where the
proceeding is in the nature of an employers' liability suit. They also have the right to
transportation, wages, maintenance and cure. Such seamen are subject to a Federal law, the
Merchant Marine Act of 1920, known as the Jones Act (46 U.S. Code, Section 688, 1970)
which applies the provisions of the Federal Employers Liability Act to seamen. Every person
employed on board a vessel is deemed to be a seaman if connected with the operation or
welfare of the vessel while in navigable waters. Usually, navigable waters are defined as those
which form a continuous highway for interstate or international commerce.
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Page 58
2.
Federal Employers Liability Act (F.E.L.A.)
The Federal Employers Liability Act applies to employees of interstate railroads. Such
employees are not subject to state workers compensation laws. This federal law imposes
liability for damages on the railroad if the injured railroad employee can show any negligence
on the part of the railroad. For complete details, see 45 U.S. Code, Sections 51-60, 1970.
B.
DESCRIPTION OF COVERAGE PROGRAMS
The Standard Policy may be used to provide insurance for liability under one or more state workers
compensation laws and also for liability under admiralty law or F.E.L.A. There are two programs to
furnish such insurance:
1.
Program I
Provides under Part One - Workers Compensation Insurance statutory liability - under the
workers compensation law of any state designated in the Information Page and under Part Two
- Employers Liability Insurance, Employers liability - for damages under admiralty law or
F.E.L.A., subject to a standard limit of liability of $25,000.
2.
Program II
Provides the same coverage as Program I, but with the addition of Voluntary Compensation.
Under Program II, the insurance carrier will offer a settlement of a claim strictly in accord with
the statutory benefits provided in the workers' compensation law designated in the Voluntary
Compensation Endorsement attached to the policy as if the claim were subject to such law,
instead of subject to the laws of negligence. If the offer of settlement is rejected, Employers
liability then applies to such claim or suit, with the same standard limit as for Program I.
C.
COVERAGE
1.
Admiralty Law Endorsements
To provide Program I for admiralty law, attach the Standard Maritime Coverage Endorsement
(WC 00 02 01A). To provide Program II for admiralty law, also attach the Standard Voluntary,
Maritime Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 02 03).
2.
Admiralty Law Coverage Options
a.
3.
The Maritime Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 02 01A) excludes liability to provide
transportation, wages, maintenance and cure. This endorsement may optionally include a
provision to insure such liability for an additional premium based on an (a) rate.
F.E.L.A. Endorsements
To provide Program I for employments subject to F.E.L.A., attach the Standard Federal
Employers Liability Act Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 01 04). To provide Program II, also
attach the Standard Voluntary Compensation and Employers Liability Coverage Endorsement
(WC 00 03 11A).
4.
U.S.L. & H.W. Act
When insurance is provided for liability under admiralty law or F.E.L.A., insurance for liability
under the U.S.L. & H.W. Act also may be necessary. To provide such insurance, attach the
Standard Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act Coverage Endorsement (WC 00
01 06A).
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SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 59
D.
LIMITS OF LIABILITY
1.
Standard Limit
The standard limit of liability under Part Two - Employers Liability Insurance for admiralty or
F.E.L.A. insurance under Program I or II is $25,000.
2.
a.
Accident Limit
The limit of liability applies to all bodily injury arising out of any one accident.
b.
Disease Limit
The limit of liability also applies as a separate aggregate limit for all bodily injury by
disease. The aggregate limit applies separately to bodily injury by disease arising out of
work in each state shown in Item 3-A of the Information Page.
c.
Show Limits on Endorsement
These limits of liability must be stated in the Maritime Coverage Endorsement and/or the
Federal Employers Liability Act Coverage Endorsement (WC 00 01 04).
Increased Limits
Increased limits for liability under Part Two - Employers Liability Insurance are available. The
additional premium for increased limits shall be determined by applying the factor in the
following Table for Increased Limits to the total premium for admiralty or F.E.L.A. classifications
before application of:
a.
Expense Constant
b.
Experience rating modification
c.
Premium discount or retrospective rating adjustment.
The premium for increased limits is subject to an experience rating modification.
TABLE FOR INCREASED LIMITS
Limit Per
Accident
$ 25,000
50,000
100,000
200,000
300,000
400,000
500,000
3.
Factor
1.00
1.09
1.15
1.23
1.29
1.34
1.38
Minimum Premium
Program I
Program II
$100
109
115
123
129
134
138
$200
218
230
246
258
268
276
Minimum Premium
The separate minimum premium shown in the above Table For Increased Limits applies to a
policy which includes classifications for operations subject to admiralty law or the F.E.L.A. Such
minimum premium is the lowest premium for insuring admiralty or F.E.L.A. operations and it
shall apply in addition to the minimum premium or premium for other operations on such a
policy. It is not subject to an experience rating modification.
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SECTION 1
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RATING VALUES
Page 60
E.
CLASSIFICATIONS
NOTE: The Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau has no jurisdiction over the bureau
rating values or classification for Admiralty or Federal Employers Liability Exposure. The
following admiralty or F.E.L.A. classification list is for information purposes only.
Classifications
Code Number
Program I
Boat Livery - boats under 15 tons. This classification includes the
laying up or putting into commission of boats. Boats 15 tons or
over to be separately rated under the appropriate vessels
classification.
Diving - marine
Dredging - all types
Ferries - This classification includes dock employees.
Fishing Vessels - NOC. This classification includes packing,
curing or shipping fish and repair of nets or boats.
Oyster Boats - This classification includes planting; harvesting;
and operation of boats.
Salvage Operations - marine.
Supply Boats
Tugboats
Vessels - NOC
Vessels - not self-propelled. Such vessels having a regular
master and crew who are furnished living quarters aboard the
vessel, shall be rated as "Vessels, NOC."
Program II
State Act
USL Act
Benefits
Benefits
7038
7090
7050
7394
7333
7019
7039
7395
7335
7027
7091
7398
7337
7062
7051
7079
7097
7070
7394
7020
7020
7016
7046
7395
7028
7028
7024
7098
7398
7131
7131
7047
7099
Classifications
Code Number
Program I
Vessels – sail
Wrecking - marine.
This classification includes salvage operations.
Yachts - private - sail or power
Program II
State Act
USL Act
Benefits
Benefits
7036
7394
7088
7395
7048
7398
7037
7089
7049
Federal Employers Liability Act
Railroad Operation - all employees including drivers. This
classification contemplates the normal operations of railroads
including nor-mal maintenance and repair. All extraordinary
repair work including such work as rebuilding bridges, grade
crossing elimination, laying or relaying track and all new
construction operations shall be classified as Code 6702 or 6703.
Clerical Office Employees - NOC
Salespersons, Collectors or Messengers - outside
Railroad Construction - all operations including clerical, salespersons and drivers
7151
7153
7152
8814
8737
6702
8805
8734
6704
8815
8738
6703
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 61
F.
WATERS NOT UNDER ADMIRALTY JURISDICTION
1.
Coverage
An insured may conduct operations on waters not subject to admiralty jurisdiction. Insurance for
such operations shall be provided by the Standard Policy and endorsement forms and is subject to
the rules which apply to statutory workers' compensation insurance.
2.
Admiralty Law or U.S.L. & H.W. Act Liability
If there is a potential liability under admiralty law, follow the previous rules for insurance under
admiralty law. If there is a potential liability under the U.S.L & H.W. Act, refer to Rule XII.
RULE XIV – DOMESTIC WORKERS - RESIDENCES
A.
DEFINITIONS
1.
Inside Domestic Workers
Domestic Workers—Inside are employees engaged exclusively in household or domestic work
performed principally inside the residence. Examples include a cook, housekeeper, laundry worker,
maid, butler, companion, nurse and baby sitter.
2.
Outside Domestic Workers
Domestic Workers—Outside are employees engaged exclusively in household or domestic work
performed principally outside the residence. Examples include a private chauffeur and a gardener.
3.
Occasional Domestic Workers
Domestic Workers—Occasional are domestic workers inside or outside, who are employed parttime. Any domestic worker employed more than 1/2 of the customary full time shall be assigned and
rated as a full time domestic worker. Examples of occasional domestic workers are persons
engaged on certain days for gardening, cleaning, laundering or babysitting.
B.
COVERAGE
1.
Workers Compensation and Employers Liability Insurance
An employer of domestic workers may elect to come within the workers compensation law by
applying to the Bureau of Workers Compensation. The statutory obligation of the employer may be
insured by the standard policy.
2.
Voluntary Compensation Insurance
If the employer of domestic workers does not elect coverage under the law, voluntary compensation
insurance for the domestic workers may be provided by attaching the standard Voluntary
Compensation Endorsement to the Standard Policy.
C.
NAME OF INSURED
The resident owner, the estate of the owner or a family member(s) of the same residence may be
named as the insured, but only with respect to the employment of domestic workers in connection
with a given residence.
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SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 62
D.
CLASSIFICATIONS
1.
2.
Please refer to the Section 2 Domestic Workers class listing for the Domestic Workers
classifications.
Maintenance, Repair Or Construction Operations
a. Codes 0913, 0908, 0912 and 0909 include ordinary repair or maintenance of the insured’s
premises or equipment by domestic workers.
b. Payroll developed in general building maintenance or repair by employees of a
commercial building owner, lessee or real estate management firm or of a business where the
basic and major operations are described by classifications defined as standard exceptions
shall be assigned to Code 971. Payroll developed in general building maintenance or repair by
employees of an apartment house or condominium complex operator shall be assigned to
Code 880. Payroll developed in general building maintenance or repair by employees of a
business assigned to a classification other than the standard exceptions shall be included in
the employer’s applicable field of business classification.
c. Extraordinary repairs, alterations, new construction, erection or demolition of structures
shall be assigned to construction or erection classifications.
E.
BUREAU RATING VALUES AND PREMIUM
1.
Bureau Rating Values
The Bureau Rating Values for Codes 0908, 0909, 0912 and 0913 are per capita premium
charges. Terrorism (9740) and Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism) (9741) do
not apply to per capita classification premium charges.
2.
Records Required
The insured shall maintain a record of the names, duties and period of service of each domestic
worker.
3.
Full Time Domestic Workers
Estimated premium for Codes 0912 and 0913 shall be computed on the estimated number of
such domestic workers during the policy period. If additional domestic workers under Codes
0912 and 0913 are employed during the policy period or if some domestic workers are no
longer employed and are not replaced, the per capita premium charges shall be pro-rated.
Each pro rata charge shall be based on the period of employment but shall not be less than
25% of the per capita charge.
4.
Occasional Domestic Workers
A separate per capita charge shall be applied to each concurrently employed domestic worker.
RULE XV – FINAL EARNED PREMIUM DETERMINATION
A.
ACTUAL PAYROLL
Final earned premium for the policy shall be determined on actual, instead of estimated, payroll or
other premium basis.
B.
PREMIUM DETERMINATION
The determination of final earned premium is governed by the rules, classifications and Bureau rating
values and carrier rating values, subject to modification by applicable rating plans.
C.
AUDIT RIGHTS OF CARRIER
The insurance carrier has the right to compute earned premium based on an examination of original
payroll records and books of account of the insured, in accordance with Part Five (Premium Audit) of
the Standard Policy.
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SECTION 1
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 63
D.
AUTHORIZED CLASSIFICATIONS
Only the classifications shown on a Data Card issued by the PCRB shall be used in auditing the
payroll of that employer. The insuring carrier shall contact the PCRB in writing in any instance where
the authorized classifications do not describe the employer’s operations as delineated in Rule IV, C.
2. c., Section 1 of this Manual.
RULE XVl – APPEALS FROM APPLICATION OF THE RATING SYSTEM PROCEDURE
A.
Any policyholder (e.g., person, corporation or otherwise), aggrieved by the application of the rating
system of the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau (PCRB) as approved by the Insurance
Commissioner pursuant to the Insurance Company Law of May 17, 1921, P.L. 682, as amended, (the
Law) and the Pennsylvania Workers’ Compensation Act of June 2, 1915, P.L. 736, as amended (the
Act) may appeal such application to the PCRB in accordance with this Procedure. “Rating System” is
defined herein to include but is not necessarily limited to the following: the assignment by the PCRB
of an individual business to a particular classification, the continuation or discontinuation of an entity’s
(ies) previous experience to the experience rating of new ownership, revision of losses used in a
business’ experience modification or merit rating, an individual business’ eligibility for and/or the
percentage of credit under the Pennsylvania Construction Classification Premium Adjustment
Program, the discount or surcharge applied to a business eligible for the Merit Rating Plan or any
other workers’ compensation insurance pricing program filed by the PCRB with the Insurance
Commissioner. The aggrieved party must commence any appeal of the application of the rating
system within twelve (12) months of the policy period in which the application was made by filing an
appeal directly with the PCRB in accordance with this Procedure except for an appeal for revision of
losses used in a business’ experience modification or merit rating which shall be governed by the
specific Revision of Losses provisions of Section 5 and Section 6 of this Manual.
B.
An aggrieved party to which the rating system is found on appeal by an Appeals Subcommittee to
have been improperly applied as of the time of the aggrieved party's appeal to the PCRB in
accordance with this Procedure, may have such application amended effective only for the policy
currently in effect at the time the aggrieved party first submitted its appeal to the PCRB, in accordance
with Paragraph F. hereof, and for the immediately preceding expired policy. In the case of a multiple
year policy, application of the rating system may be amended effective only for the policy year
currently in effect at the time the aggrieved party first submitted its appeal to the PCRB, in accordance
with Paragraph F. hereof, and for the policy year expiring no more than twelve (12) months prior to
such appeal to the PCRB.
C
An aggrieved party for which application of the rating system is revised as a result of a change in the
PCRB's interpretation of the rating system approved for use by the Insurance Commissioner, may
have such application amended effective as of the date determined by an Appeals Subcommittee of
the PCRB's Classification and Rating Committee, which date may be prospective or retroactive as
determined by the Appeals Subcommittee; provided however, that any retroactive effect shall not
exceed the time period authorized in Paragraph B. hereof.
D.
An aggrieved party for which application of the rating system is revised pursuant to a change to the
rating system filed by the PCRB approved for use by the Insurance Commissioner, may have such
application amended effective only upon the aggrieved party’s first normal anniversary date on or
later than the effective date of the change to the rating system approved by the Insurance
Commissioner.
E.
Nothing in this Procedure shall permit an aggrieved party for which application of the rating system is
revised on a new and renewal basis only to have such application amended effective before the
aggrieved party’s first normal policy anniversary date effective on or later than the effective date of
the change to the rating system approved by the Insurance Commissioner.
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F
An aggrieved party who wants to appeal an application of the rating system must first submit a written
request for review thereof to the PCRB together with all information in support of its appeal. The
PCRB staff shall review the request and supporting information. To make certain the facts of an
appeal are fully agreed upon by the PCRB and the appellant, the PCRB staff may make written
inquiries to the appellant and/or (as circumstances warrant) visit the appellant's Pennsylvania
workplace(s). The PCRB shall notify the appellant in writing that staff's Paragraph F. review has been
completed and that this letter is the PCRB's final decision. If the appellant is still aggrieved by the
rating system application following completion of the PCRB staff's review and final decision, the
appellant shall have the right to present its appeal to an Appeals Subcommittee of the PCRB's
Classification and Rating Committee in accordance with the provisions of this Procedure. A further
appeal by an appellant of the Appeals Subcommittee decision may be taken to the Insurance
Commissioner pursuant to Section 654 of the Law and Section 717 of the Act, only after the appellant
has first exhausted its rights pursuant to this Procedure.
G.
Any party aggrieved by a final decision of the PCRB staff pursuant to Paragraph F. shall have the
right to appeal to an Appeals Subcommittee of the Classification and Rating Committee of the PCRB.
An Appeals Subcommittee shall be comprised of an equal number of public and insurer members.
Any Appeals Subcommittee member having a direct pecuniary interest in the aggrieved party's
appeal shall recuse its representative from the appeal proceeding.
Such appeal must be received by the PCRB no later than ninety (90) days from the date of the PCRB
staff's final decision referred to in Paragraph F.
H.
All appeals pursuant to Paragraph G. hereof must be filed with the PCRB and must meet the
following requirements:
1.
The appeal must be in writing.
2.
The appeal must set forth in detail the nature of the complaint, all reasons for believing the
PCRB decision to be in error, all documents in support of the appeal, the specific nature of
relief desired, and that the aggrieved party or its designated representative will appear before
an Appeals Subcommittee of the Classification and Rating Committee at a to-be-determined
hearing date. The PCRB urges the aggrieved party to appear before the Appeals
Subcommittee, as the aggrieved party is better able to respond to any questions the Appeals
Subcommittee may have regarding the aggrieved party’s business operations than a
designated representative.
3.
In the event an appeal does not fulfill the requirements of Paragraph H. 2. hereof the PCRB
shall make a written request for the needed additional information from the aggrieved party,
who shall have thirty (30) days to comply. Upon a written showing by the aggrieved party that
the requested additional information cannot be provided within thirty (30) days, the PCRB may
grant an extension consistent with the circumstances. If the requested additional information is
not submitted within the specified time period, as extended, the appeal shall be dismissed.
I.
Following receipt of an appeal to an Appeals Subcommittee of the Classification and Rating
Committee, the PCRB will notify the appellant of the time and place of the Appeals Subcommittee
meeting at which the matter shall be heard. The appeal shall be dismissed if an appellant, after due
notice pursuant to Paragraph L. hereof, fails to be present or represented at three such scheduled
hearings.
J.
The procedure at the hearing shall be as informal as possible and shall provide for the following
steps:
1.
The Chair of the Classification and Rating Committee shall introduce the appellant to the
Appeals Subcommittee.
2.
The appellant may at its option make an oral presentation of its case, or may rely solely upon
the written material previously submitted to the PCRB in connection with the appeal.
3.
PCRB staff members or consultants to the PCRB may present testimony and other information
to the Appeals Subcommittee relating to the matter under consideration.
4.
The appellant or the PCRB may also present witnesses and documentary evidence relevant to
the appeal, and the appellant and the PCRB shall have the opportunity to direct questions to
any witness who has testified before the Appeals Subcommittee on appeal.
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5.
After all testimony and other evidence have been presented, the hearing shall be declared
closed by the Chair of the Committee and the appellant shall leave the hearing room. Such
hearing may, in the discretion of the Appeals Subcommittee, be reopened at any time prior to
the Appeals Subcommittee's decision.
6.
After the hearing is closed, the Appeals Sub-committee shall arrive at its decision in
executive session.
7.
The decision shall be set forth in writing, shall specify all factual and other bases for the
decision, and shall be sent to the appellant no later than thirty (30) days after the hearing.
8.
The Appeals Subcommittee decision shall be included in the minutes of the meetings of the
Classification and Rating Committee and be retained in the records of the PCRB.
9.
The minutes of an Appeals Subcommittee of the Classification and Rating Committee meeting
shall be kept by the PCRB staff. As hearings before the Appeals Subcommittee are as informal
as possible there shall be no stenographic, audio or video record thereof.
10.
If travel is required for the aggrieved person to be heard by the Appeals Subcommittee in
person, the aggrieved person will be reimbursed for travel expenses in the same manner as
members of the Appeals Subcommittee.
K.
An appellant is not required to be represented by an attorney at any stage in any proceeding.
However, an appellant has a right at the appellant’s expense to be represented by an attorney. An
appellant who is represented by an attorney shall notify the PCRB in writing and shall also furnish
the PCRB with the attorney's name and mailing address. After the PCRB has received such
notification from an appellant, subsequent papers in the proceeding to be served on such appellant
shall be served only upon the attorney designated by the appellant.
L.
Notices of any requirements for additional information pursuant to Paragraph H. 3. or of the time and
place of the Appeals Subcommittee hearing shall be given to the appellant, or its attorney pursuant to
Paragraph K., in writing personally or by certified mail (with return receipt). The notice of hearing shall
be made at least ten (10) days in advance of such hearing, unless such notice is waived by the
appellant or its attorney. When a meeting is adjourned to another time or place, written notice need
not be given of the adjourned hearing if the time and place thereof are announced at the meeting
during which all parties are present at which the adjournment is taken. All other notices, orders,
papers, or communications, including a copy of the decision, may be served on an appellant by hand
delivery or by regular first class mail to the appellant or its attorney at the last known mailing address
provided to the Bureau.
M.
During the course of all proceedings governed by this Procedure, the Appeals Subcommittee shall
have the power to interpret and apply the foregoing Paragraphs, and such interpretation shall be
binding upon the parties.
N.
Appeals from a final decision of the Appeals Subcommittee pursuant to this Procedure must be filed
with the Insurance Commissioner within thirty (30) days of the mailing date of the Committee's
decision as provided in Section 654 of the Law and Section 717 of the Act.
O.
Unless otherwise specifically provided by this Procedure, all periods of time shall be calculated from
the postmark on materials sent by first class or certified mail through the United States Postal Service
or the date of any hand delivery, whichever date is earlier.
P.
Nothing contained in this Procedure shall prevent efforts to resolve any controversies governed by
this Procedure on an informal basis at any stage of the proceedings before the PCRB or the Appeals
Subcommittee.
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RULE XVII – PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER ORGANIZATIONS, PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER
AGREEMENTS AND PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYER SERVICES
A.
DEFINITIONS
The following words and phrases when used in this rule shall have the meanings given to them in this
section unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. (These definitions are intended to be consistent with
the definitions used in Act 102 of 2012.):


Client – Any person who enters into a Professional Employer Agreement with a Professional
Employer Organization.
Co-employer – A Professional Employer Organization or Client.

Co-employment Relationship A relationship which is intended to be an ongoing relationship rather
than temporary or project specific one, wherein the rights, duties and obligations of an employer
which arise out of an employment relationship have been allocated between Co-employers
pursuant to a Professional Employer Agreement and Act 102 of 2012.

Covered Employee – An individual co-employed by a Professional Employer Organization and a
client who meets the following criteria:
o
The individual has received written notice of co-employment with the Professional Employer
Organization.
o
The individual’s Co-employment Relationship is pursuant to a Professional Employer
Agreement subject to Act 102 of 2012.

Department – The Department of Labor & Industry of the Commonwealth.

Direct Hire Employee – An individual who is an employee of either the Client or the PEO within the
meaning of the Act of June 2, 1915 (P.L. 736, No. 338) known as the Workers’ Compensation Act,
and who is not a Covered Employee.

Master Policy Basis – An agreement under which a single workers’ compensation policy issued to
the Professional Employer Organization provides coverage for more than one Client and may
provide coverage to the Professional Employer Organization with respect to its Direct Hire
Employees. Two or more Clients that are insured under the same policy solely because they are
under common ownership are considered a single Client for purposes of this definition.

Multiple Coordinated Policy Basis – An agreement under which a separate workers’ compensation
policy is issued to the Professional Employer Organization on behalf of each Client or group of
affiliated Clients with payment obligations and certain policy communications related to such
workers’ compensation policy coordinated through the Professional Employer Organization.

Person – Any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or any other
form of legally recognized entity.

Professional Employer Agreement – A contract by and between a Client and a Professional
Employer Organization that provides:
o
for the co-employment of Covered Employees;
o
for the allocation of employer rights and obligations between the Client and the Professional
Employer Organization with respect to the Covered Employees; and
o
that the Professional Employer Organization and the Client assume the responsibilities
required under Act 102 of 2012.

Professional Employer Organization or PEO – Any person engaged in the business of providing
Professional Employer Services.

Professional Employer Services – The business of entering into Co-employment Relationships
under Act 102 of 2012.
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Under Professional Employer Agreements one business provides workers to another business entity under
an agreement wherein all or substantially all of the employees of the Client are thereafter employed by the
PEO and leased back to the original employer through a Professional Employer Agreement. The
Professional Employer Agreement is long term in nature and is specifically not an arrangement to provide
temporary help services to fill seasonal or temporary staffing shortages.
Act 102 of 2012 provides that both the PEO and the Client shall be an employer for Covered Employees
assigned to the Client for purposes of Act 102 of 2012 and the Act of June 2, 1915 (P.L. 736, No. 338),
known as the Workers’ Compensation Act.
B.
POLICY ISSUANCE
The responsibility to provide workers’ compensation coverage for Covered Employees shall be specifically
allocated in the Professional Employer Agreement to either the Client or the Professional Employer
Organization.
C.
1.
When the responsibility to provide workers compensation coverage is allocated to the PEO, the
PEO must provide coverage for all Covered Employees assigned to the Client.
2.
When the responsibility to provide workers compensation coverage is allocated to the Client, the
Client must provide coverage for all of its Covered Employees and Direct Hire Employees.
METHODS OF COVERAGE
PEOs and Clients may qualify to self-insure their respective obligations under the Workers’ Compensation
Act. In addition, there are three available options for Clients and PEOs that have entered into Professional
Employer Agreements to insure their statutory obligations under the Workers’ Compensation Act as Coemployers for their Covered Employees. These options are as described following:
1.
Option One – The PEO provides workers’ compensation insurance for Covered Employees of the
Client by purchasing a Multiple Coordinated Policy (MCP) to insure such Covered Employees.
Under this option, a separate workers’ compensation insurance policy is issued to the PEO on
behalf of the Client. These policies insure the Client’s Covered Employees without leaving
uninsured gaps or creating overlaps in coverage with other insurance policies. Each policy written
on a Multiple Coordinated Policy basis shall be issued to the PEO as the primary named insured
and must identify both the PEO and the Client as insureds. The named insured must be of the
form “PEO Name L/C/F Client Name.” The Pennsylvania Multiple Coordinated Policy Endorsement
(WC 37 03 11) must be added to each such policy, specifying which Covered Employees are
insured by that policy.

The insurer must assign risk classifications to each Client based on the totality of the Client’s
Pennsylvania operations regardless of whether workers engaged therein are provided under
one or more Professional Employer Agreements or are Direct Hire Employees of that Client.

Policies written on an MCP Basis by the same insurer for a PEO as named insured may be
combinable by agreement between the PEO and the insurer for purposes of premium discount,
retrospective rating, schedule rating and other approved pricing programs. Such approved
pricing programs may be based on the combined total standard premium and losses of all
Multiple Coordinated Policies issued to the PEO as the primary named insured.

If the Client has any employees that are not Covered Employees of the PEO (whether Direct
Hire Employees or Covered Employees obtained from another PEO), workers’ compensation
coverage for these other employees must be provided under a separate policy or policies.
Attach the Professional Employer Organization (PEO) Client Exclusion Endorsement (WC 00
03 22 A) to exclude coverage for liability to employees leased from the PEO named in the
endorsement.
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2.
Option Two – The Client provides workers’ compensation insurance for its Covered Employees.
If the Client is responsible for providing workers’ compensation insurance coverage for it Covered
Employees, it may purchase a standard workers’ compensation policy insuring its Covered
Employees and its Direct Hire Employees, if any.


3.
When the Client secures coverage for its leased workers through a policy in its name, include
the Professional Employer Organization (PEO) Extension Endorsement (WC 00 03 20 B),
which specifies that the Client’s policy will apply to injuries to Covered Employees obtained
from the PEO named in the endorsement as though the PEO were an insured under the policy
and that the insurer will not ask the PEO’s insurer to share in a loss(es) covered by the
endorsement.
The insurer must assign risk classifications to each Client based on the totality of the Client’s
Pennsylvania operations regardless of whether workers engaged therein are provided under
one or more Professional Employer Agreements or are Direct Hire Employees of the Client.
Option Three – The PEO provided workers’ compensation insurance coverage for its Clients’
Covered Employees by purchasing a Master Policy to insure such Covered Employees.
Act 102 of 2012 requires the following conditions to be met in order for a PEO to insure Covered
Employees of its Clients on a Master Policy Basis:
a.
The insurer underwriting the Master Policy must report separate experience data to the PCRB
for each Client insured by the Master Policy in a format complying with all requirements of the
approved Pennsylvania Statistical Plan.
b.
The insurer must assign risk classifications to each Client based on the totality of the Client’s
Pennsylvania operations regardless of whether workers engaged therein are provided under
one or more Professional Employer Agreements or are Direct Hire Employees of the Client.
c.
If and when applicable, the insurer must assign separate experience modifications, Merit
Rating adjustments, construction classification premium adjustments and/or Certified Safety
Committee Program credits to the exposures of each Client covered by a Master Policy based
on the Client’s entire Pennsylvania operations.
1)
If the Client has any employees that are not Covered Employees of the PEO (whether
Direct Hire Employees or Covered Employees obtained from another PEO), workers’
compensation coverage for these other employees must be provided under a separate
policy or policies. Attach the Professional Employer Organization (PEO) Client Exclusion
Endorsement (WC 00 03 22 A) to exclude coverage for liability to employees leased from
the PEO named in the endorsement.
Use of Master Policies is subject to prior approval by PCRB of the issuing carrier’s policy issuance
and data reporting procedures as satisfactorily complying with the requirements of Act 102 of 2012.
Nothing in this section shall prohibit the continuation until the next normal anniversary rating date
of any Master Policy in force as of the effective date of Act 102 of 2012.
D.
CLIENT POLICY OBLIGATIONS
A client retains the statutory obligation to provide workers’ compensation coverage for employees that are
not Covered Employees pursuant to a Professional Employer Agreement.
In providing such coverage, the Client may either self-insure those exposures or the Client may purchase a
standard workers’ compensation policy through a licensed insurance company.
E.
PEO POLICY OBLIGATIONS
A PEO retains the statutory obligation to provide workers’ compensation coverage for its own Direct Hire
Employees that are not Covered Employees pursuant to a Professional Employer Agreement.
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In providing such coverage, the PEO may either self-insure those exposures or the PEO may purchase a
standard workers’ compensation policy through a licensed insurance company.
The Professional Employer Organization (PEO) Exclusion Endorsement (WC 00 03 21 A), which deletes
coverage for workers leased to Clients named in the endorsement, must be attached to the PEO’s own
policy so that it insures only the PEO’s Direct Hire Employees.
F.
CANCELLATION PROVISIONS
1.
Cancellation by the Professional Employer Organization (PEO)
a.
2.
If the PEO terminates the Professional Employer Agreement with the Client, termination of
workers’ compensation coverage for Covered Employees by the insurer shall be effective the
sooner of:

Sixty (60) days after written notice of the intent to terminate workers’ compensation
coverage has been given by the PEO to the Client.

Fifteen (15) days after written notice of intent to terminate workers’ compensation
coverage by the insurer for non-payment of premium has been given by the PEO to the
Client.

The date upon which workers’ compensation coverage for covered employees is
transferred to the Client’s own workers’ compensation policy or is otherwise replaced.
b.
All requirements of the PEO in regard to the notification of Clients concerning workers’
compensation coverage provided under a policy issued to the PEO for Covered Employees of
the PEO continue to apply after written notice is given pursuant to the above.
c.
The Client shall pay for all workers’ compensation coverage provided by the insurer, including
reasonable administrative expenses, subsequent to the termination of the Professional
Employer Agreement by the PEO.
d.
If workers’ compensation coverage is provided through a workers’ compensation policy issues
to the PEO on behalf of the Client who has been given notice of termination pursuant to the
above, the PEO is required to notify the affected insurer of the notification.
Cancellation by the Client
If the Professional Employer Agreement is terminated by the Client, the Client assumes the
statutory obligation to provide workers’ compensation for its employees as of the date termination is
requested. The Client may secure coverage for its Covered Employees through another
Professional Employer Agreement with a different PEO, through an approved self-insurance
program or with a single policy covering all of the Covered Employees of the Client and the Client’s
Direct Hire Employees.
3.
Notification Requirements
If the Professional Employer Agreement provides for the PEO to provide workers’ compensation
insurance for Covered Employees, the PEO shall notify the insurance carrier of record of any
cancellation, non-renewal or termination of a Professional Employer Agreement under which the
PEO assumed the obligation to provide workers’ compensation insurance for Covered Employees
within ten (10) days following the date the notification of cancellation or termination is provided to
the Client. The insurance carrier of record shall notify the licensed rating organization of any
cancellation, non-renewal or termination of workers’ compensation coverage for Covered
Employees by the PEO’s insurer or any change in insurers for the Covered Employees within ten
(10) days of the effective date of cancellation, termination or change of insurers.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 2 – CLASSIFICATIONS AND BUREAU RATING VALUES
BUREAU RATING VALUES
VOLUNTEER FIREMEN
EMPLOYER ASSESSEMENT
U.S. LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS’ ACT COVERAGE
RETROSPECTIVE RATING VALUES
CLASSIFICATIONS – NUMERIC AND GROUP ARRANGEMENT
WORKERS COMPENSATION – DOMESTIC WORKERS
EXPLOSIVES AND AMMUNITION MANFACTURING
MARITIME OR FEDERAL EMPLOYMENTS
AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS
COAL MINE CLASSIFICATIONS
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Page 2
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
005
007
009
015
025
15.07
4.44
21.60
13.27
3.48
9.04
2.66
12.95
7.95
1.92
11.59
3.42
16.61
10.20
2.41
12.83
3.78
18.39
11.29
2.64
F
C
G
E
G
028
050
051
055
059
3.25
2.69
3.39
3.47
3.97
1.79
1.48
1.87
1.91
2.18
2.25
1.86
2.35
2.40
2.75
2.46
2.04
2.57
2.63
3.01
F
F
F
F
E
101
103
104
105
106
2.71
1.26
2.91
2.84
5.39
1.57
0.73
1.68
1.64
3.12
2.00
0.93
2.15
2.09
3.97
2.24
1.04
2.41
2.35
4.46
E
C
B
D
C
107
108
109
110
111
2.33
3.49
4.00
2.81
3.71
1.35
2.02
2.31
1.63
2.15
1.72
2.57
2.94
2.07
2.74
1.93
2.89
3.31
2.33
3.08
B
C
C
B
C
112
113
114
115
119
9.46
2.04
6.22
1.74
3.59
5.48
1.18
3.60
1.01
2.08
6.97
1.50
4.58
1.29
2.65
7.84
1.69
5.15
1.45
2.98
C
C
E
D
C
130
132
134
135
136
4.90
2.64
3.18
2.47
2.36
2.84
1.53
1.84
1.43
1.37
3.61
1.94
2.35
1.82
1.74
4.06
2.19
2.64
2.05
1.96
E
C
C
C
C
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A- 2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
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Page 3
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
139
141
142
161
163
3.80
3.79
1.94
1.84
3.08
2.20
2.20
1.12
1.06
1.78
2.80
2.80
1.43
1.35
2.27
3.15
3.14
1.61
1.52
2.56
C
B
C
C
C
165
166
185
187
189
4.52
2.64
4.13
3.27
2.83
2.62
1.53
2.39
1.89
1.64
3.33
1.94
3.04
2.41
2.09
3.75
2.19
3.42
2.71
2.34
B
C
B
B
C
191
201
204
205
221
2.64
3.72
2.24
2.70
2.10
1.53
2.15
1.30
1.56
1.22
1.94
2.74
1.65
1.99
1.55
2.19
3.08
1.86
2.24
1.74
C
D
B
B
C
222
225
227
255
257
2.57
2.50
3.42
2.28
2.36
1.49
1.44
1.98
1.32
1.37
1.89
1.84
2.52
1.68
1.74
2.13
2.07
2.83
1.89
1.96
C
C
C
E
C
261
263
265
275
276
2.49
1.98
2.46
2.96
3.60
1.44
1.14
1.43
1.71
2.08
1.83
1.46
1.82
2.18
2.65
2.06
1.64
2.04
2.45
2.98
C
C
C
C
C
281
282
285
291
2.01
5.92
2.47
3.10
1.16
3.43
1.43
1.80
1.48
4.36
1.82
2.29
1.66
4.91
2.05
2.57
B
D
B
E
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 4
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NOB
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
LOSS
COST
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
297
301
305
306
311
2.84
5.09
3.75
3.73
2.35
1.64
2.95
2.17
2.16
1.36
2.09
3.75
2.77
2.75
1.73
2.35
4.22
3.11
3.09
1.95
B
F
D
B
C
319
323
327
402
403
3.57
3.39
3.14
4.28
2.33
2.07
1.96
1.82
2.48
1.35
2.63
2.50
2.32
3.15
1.72
2.96
2.81
2.61
3.55
1.93
A
C
C
E
C
404
406
407
411
413
2.96
4.15
3.38
4.48
4.72
1.71
2.40
1.96
2.59
2.73
2.18
3.06
2.49
3.30
3.48
2.45
3.44
2.80
3.72
3.91
E
E
C
E
E
415
416
421
425
427
2.87
1.88
4.97
6.90
3.56
1.66
1.09
2.88
3.99
2.06
2.12
1.38
3.66
5.08
2.62
2.38
1.55
4.12
5.72
2.95
E
C
E
E
E
429
431
433
435
441
4.17
4.96
2.66
3.99
1.25
2.41
2.87
1.54
2.31
0.72
3.07
3.65
1.96
2.94
0.92
3.45
4.11
2.20
3.30
1.03
D
C
C
C
C
445
446
447
2.78
1.49
4.49
1.61
0.86
2.60
2.05
1.10
3.31
2.30
1.24
3.72
C
B
E
*
a
b
a
b
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
OD: $0.10 Supplemental is not subject to experience rating. Code as 0067.
OD: $0.08 Supplemental is not subject to experience rating. Code as 0066.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 5
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
449
451
454
456
457
2.04
3.13
2.70
3.28
3.10
1.18
1.81
1.56
1.90
1.80
1.50
2.31
1.99
2.41
2.29
1.69
2.60
2.24
2.71
2.57
D
D
C
D
C
458
459
461
463
465
1.83
1.00
2.40
2.58
3.14
1.06
0.58
1.39
1.49
1.82
1.35
0.74
1.77
1.90
2.32
1.51
0.83
1.99
2.13
2.61
B
C
D
D
D
467
471
472
473
474
3.82
0.91
0.97
1.73
1.50
2.21
0.53
0.56
1.00
0.87
2.82
0.67
0.72
1.28
1.11
3.17
0.76
0.81
1.44
1.24
B
B
B
B
C
475
476
477
483
485
2.34
1.27
1.94
1.31
1.29
1.36
0.73
1.12
0.76
0.75
1.73
0.93
1.43
0.96
0.95
1.94
1.05
1.61
1.08
1.07
D
C
C
B
B
486
487
488
489
491
1.56
0.97
0.81
1.50
3.29
0.90
0.56
0.47
0.87
1.90
1.15
0.72
0.60
1.11
2.42
1.29
0.81
0.67
1.24
2.72
C
C
B
B
C
493
495
497
499
501
4.00
4.38
1.35
3.34
2.76
2.31
2.54
0.78
1.93
1.60
2.94
3.23
0.99
2.46
2.03
3.31
3.63
1.12
2.77
2.29
C
D
B
D
E
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 6
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
LOSS
COST
502
506
507
509
511
3.14
1.51
2.06
5.16
5.01
512
513
514
520
521
522
4.38
3.08
4.12
0.46
1.24
2.04
c
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
1.82
0.87
1.19
2.99
2.90
2.32
1.11
1.52
3.80
3.69
2.61
1.25
1.71
4.28
4.15
A
C
F
G
E
2.54
1.78
2.38
0.27
0.74
1.22
3.23
2.27
3.03
0.35
0.95
1.57
3.63
2.56
3.41
0.39
1.05
1.74
E
B
E
C
C
C
523
524
525
526
527
2.82
4.78
7.43
11.06
17.68
1.69
2.86
4.46
6.40
10.23
2.17
3.67
5.72
8.15
13.03
2.40
4.07
6.33
9.16
14.65
C
C
C
D
E
528
529
535
536
24.50
40.14
2.51
4.71
14.69
24.06
1.45
2.72
18.83
30.86
1.85
3.47
20.85
34.17
2.08
3.90
F
G
C
C
551
553
555
563
1.26
1.32
0.56
1.43
0.73
0.76
0.32
0.83
0.93
0.97
0.41
1.05
1.04
1.09
0.46
1.19
F
G
B
C
571
573
581
587
601
2.62
3.44
1.98
1.95
5.94
1.51
1.99
1.14
1.13
3.23
1.93
2.53
1.46
1.44
4.06
2.17
2.85
1.64
1.61
4.45
C
F
E
C
G
* T tTable A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
c
OD: $0.16 Supplemental is not subject to experience rating. Code as 0176.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 7
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
--603
605
606
607
--5.16
6.28
8.52
5.58
--2.67
3.40
4.61
3.06
--3.36
4.27
5.80
3.85
--3.68
4.68
6.35
4.21
--F
E
G
F
608
609
611
615
0152
5.30
4.31
7.66
8.63
0.94
2.84
2.35
4.12
4.65
3.57
2.95
5.18
5.85
3.91
3.23
5.68
6.41
F
F
E
G
G
617
645
646
647
3.43
5.78
4.64
6.28
1.87
3.06
2.50
3.44
2.35
3.84
3.15
4.32
2.58
4.21
3.45
4.73
F
F
E
D
648
649
651
652
5.46
2.47
6.20
7.72
2.93
1.26
3.31
4.24
3.68
1.59
4.17
5.33
4.03
1.74
4.56
5.84
E
E
F
F
653
654
655
656
657
6.52
7.48
12.12
6.10
6.74
3.48
4.00
6.48
3.30
3.64
4.37
5.03
8.14
4.14
4.58
4.78
5.51
8.91
4.54
5.01
F
F
G
G
F
658
659
660
661
662
7.56
15.00
2.47
2.99
3.97
4.06
8.12
1.32
1.55
2.18
5.10
10.21
1.66
1.95
2.75
5.58
11.18
1.82
2.14
3.01
F
G
E
E
E
*
d
d
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
Associated classes – both codes must be applied. The second code is not subject to experience
rating and applies to the full payroll of the associated class.
OD: $0.39 Supplemental applies when coverage for Federal black lung is provided. It is not
subject to experience rating. Code as 0164.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 8
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
663
664
665
666
667
3.56
3.48
6.90
5.64
1.56
1.89
1.83
3.72
2.97
0.84
2.37
2.30
4.67
3.73
1.06
2.60
2.51
5.11
4.08
1.16
E
E
F
E
F
668
669
670
673
674
4.85
5.66
4.57
4.47
3.99
2.59
3.04
2.39
2.45
2.15
3.26
3.83
3.00
3.08
2.70
3.57
4.19
3.28
3.37
2.95
E
F
E
F
E
675
676
677
679
681
3.33
3.58
3.09
6.75
4.40
1.82
1.90
1.67
3.64
2.39
2.29
2.39
2.10
4.58
3.00
2.51
2.61
2.30
5.01
3.28
F
E
G
F
F
691
693
695
709
5.91
8.32
3.95
1.56
3.19
4.50
2.14
0.86
4.01
5.66
2.69
1.08
4.39
6.19
2.95
1.18
F
F
E
G
716
718
721
744
751
2.13
2.33
8.78
0.60
2.27
1.17
1.29
5.08
0.35
1.32
1.48
1.62
6.47
0.44
1.67
1.62
1.77
7.28
0.50
1.88
E
E
F
D
E
752
753
755
757
759
0.95
2.89
0.99
1.80
5.18
0.55
1.67
0.58
1.04
3.00
0.70
2.13
0.73
1.32
3.82
0.79
2.40
0.82
1.49
4.29
G
C
F
E
E
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 9
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTGORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
801
802
803
804
805
806
7.03
5.97
15.61
3.16
5.08
8.50
4.21
3.58
9.36
1.90
3.05
5.10
5.40
4.59
12.00
2.43
3.91
6.53
5.98
5.09
13.29
2.69
4.33
7.24
E
E
E
E
E
E
807
808
809
810
0162
5.46
3.91
5.03
4.80
0.39
3.27
2.34
3.02
2.88
4.20
3.00
3.87
3.69
4.65
3.32
4.28
4.08
E
E
F
F
E
811
812
813
814
815
6.76
6.11
4.31
2.69
3.11
4.05
3.66
2.58
1.61
1.87
5.19
4.69
3.31
2.07
2.39
5.75
5.20
3.67
2.29
2.65
E
F
D
C
D
816
817
818
819
820
821
1.97
5.63
1.21
0.97
2.32
5.23
1.18
3.37
0.72
0.58
1.39
3.14
1.51
4.33
0.93
0.75
1.79
4.02
1.68
4.79
1.03
0.83
1.98
4.46
D
E
D
D
D
C
825
828
855
857
858
859
2.94
7.75
3.98
5.18
6.47
6.77
1.76
4.65
2.38
3.11
3.88
4.06
2.26
5.96
3.06
3.98
4.98
5.20
2.50
6.60
3.38
4.41
5.51
5.76
C
E
E
E
F
E
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
Associated classes – both codes must be applied. The second code is not subject to experience
rating and applies to the full payroll of the associated class.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 10
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
860
862
865
867
7.57
6.61
3.29
5.99
4.54
3.96
1.97
3.59
5.82
5.08
2.53
4.61
6.44
5.63
2.80
5.10
E
E
C
D
871
877
879
880
881
882
8.01
2.25
3.15
5.05
4.02
5.61
4.80
1.35
1.89
3.03
2.41
3.36
6.16
1.73
2.43
3.88
3.09
4.31
6.82
1.92
2.69
4.30
3.42
4.78
D
B
B
C
B
B
883
884
885
886
887
3.00
1.02
2.95
2.05
0.71
1.80
0.61
1.77
1.23
0.43
2.31
0.79
2.27
1.58
0.55
2.56
0.87
2.51
1.74
0.60
B
B
C
B
C
889
890
891
892
893
0.40
0.48
1.19
0.86
0.67
0.24
0.29
0.71
0.52
0.40
0.30
0.37
0.91
0.66
0.51
0.34
0.41
1.01
0.73
0.57
B
C
B
B
B
894
895
896
897
898
1.22
0.76
1.62
1.41
2.17
0.73
0.46
0.97
0.85
1.30
0.94
0.58
1.25
1.08
1.67
1.04
0.65
1.38
1.20
1.85
B
B
A
A
C
899
903
904
905
907
910
1.28
0.29
1.15
0.16
3.86
4.89
0.77
0.18
0.69
0.10
2.32
2.93
0.98
0.23
0.88
0.12
2.97
3.76
1.09
0.25
0.98
0.14
3.29
4.16
C
E
E
D
B
C
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 11
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE*
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
911
914
915
916
917
5.20
1.55
2.39
1.72
1.73
3.12
0.93
1.44
1.03
1.04
4.00
1.19
1.84
1.33
1.33
4.43
1.32
2.04
1.47
1.48
B
B
C
B
C
918
919
920
921
922
2.42
2.18
0.44
5.11
2.96
1.45
1.31
0.26
3.06
1.78
1.86
1.68
0.34
3.93
2.28
2.06
1.86
0.37
4.35
2.52
C
B
C
D
D
923
924
925
926
927
2.25
3.43
2.17
2.89
0.88
1.35
2.06
1.30
1.73
0.53
1.73
2.64
1.67
2.22
0.68
1.92
2.92
1.85
2.46
0.75
B
B
B
B
B
928
932
933
934
2.06
0.69
4.19
3.05
1.23
0.41
2.51
1.83
1.58
0.53
3.22
2.35
1.75
0.59
3.57
2.60
B
C
C
C
935
936
939
940
1.26
0.54
5.20
3.93
0.75
0.32
3.12
2.35
0.97
0.41
4.00
3.02
1.07
0.46
4.43
3.34
C
D
F
C
941
942
943
944
945
2.01
3.29
3.53
1.51
2.55
1.20
1.97
2.12
0.91
1.53
1.54
2.53
2.71
1.16
1.96
1.71
2.80
3.00
1.29
2.17
C
C
C
B
A
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior policy year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 12
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
946
948
949
951
2.32
1.69
0.57
0.32
1.39
1.02
0.34
0.19
1.79
1.30
0.44
0.25
1.98
1.44
0.48
0.28
C
A
C
E
952
953
954
955
956
0.75
0.15
1.99
0.25
0.13
0.45
0.09
1.19
0.15
0.08
0.58
0.12
1.53
0.19
0.10
0.64
0.13
1.69
0.22
0.11
C
C
E
D
D
957
958
959
960
961
0.34
1.33
1.36
2.61
0.87
0.21
0.80
0.81
1.56
0.52
0.27
1.02
1.04
2.00
0.67
0.29
1.13
1.16
2.22
0.74
C
C
C
C
C
962
963
964
965
966
0.05
0.44
1.58
0.52
1.87
0.03
0.26
0.95
0.31
1.12
0.04
0.34
1.22
0.40
1.43
0.04
0.37
1.35
0.44
1.59
F
B
B
B
E
967
968
969
970
971
1.05
1.08
2.54
6.17
3.20
0.63
0.64
1.52
3.70
1.92
0.81
0.83
1.95
4.74
2.46
0.90
0.92
2.16
5.25
2.72
D
B
C
B
C
972
973
974
975
976
977
2.88
2.76
2.10
1.45
1.24
0.54
1.73
1.65
1.26
0.87
0.74
0.32
2.21
2.12
1.61
1.12
0.95
0.41
2.45
2.35
1.79
1.23
1.05
0.46
C
B
C
A
B
A
*
Table A-2 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior policy year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 13
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
978
979
980
981
982
983
2.07
2.87
4.63
1.50
2.81
6.37
984
985
986
987
988
0.15
3.66
1.19
0.90
0.20
992
993
994
995
996
5.03
888.17
g
6.29
888.17
997
999
0006
0008
0011
012
0013
0016
0034
0036
*
e
f
g
h
i
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
LOSS
COST
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
1.24
1.72
2.77
0.90
1.59
2.21
3.56
1.15
1.76
2.44
3.94
1.28
3.82
4.90
5.42
C
C
E
A
E
C
0.09
2.20
0.71
0.54
0.12
0.12
2.82
0.91
0.69
0.16
0.13
3.12
1.01
0.77
0.17
C
E
C
C
C
3.02
532.48
h
3.77
532.48
3.87
682.83
h
4.83
682.83
4.28
756.12
h
5.35
756.12
E
D
G
F
G
0.92
4.08
3.52
3.17
3.05
0.55
2.44
2.11
1.90
1.83
0.71
3.13
2.71
2.44
2.35
0.79
3.47
3.00
2.70
2.60
D
D
D
D
B
4.52
3.75
2.46
3.15
3.45
2.71
2.25
1.48
1.89
2.07
3.48
2.89
1.89
2.43
2.65
3.85
3.19
2.10
2.69
2.94
D
C
C
C
C
e
f
ii
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior policy year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
Per person per week. A partial workweek is to be counted as a full workweek.
Not subject to Experience or Retrospective Rating.
Per ambulance corps.
See appropriate page of Section 2.
Apply the following percentages (A-1 = 59.78%, A-2 = 76.66%, A-3 = 84.89%) to annual loss
cost from the appropriate page of Section 2.
Per hazardous materials response team.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 14
LOSS COSTS AND EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION INSURANCE
CODE
NO
LOSS
COST
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN
EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS TABLE *
A-1
A-2
A-3
HAZARD
GROUP
A-G
0083
0170
4771
0771
4.17
2.43
2.24
0.56
2.50
1.46
1.30
3.20
1.87
1.65
3.55
2.07
1.86
C
C
G
G
4777
7405
7445
7413
7453
6.92
1.86
0.40
0.72
0.15
4.15
1.11
5.32
1.43
5.89
1.58
0.43
0.55
0.61
E
E
G
G
G
0.87
2.05
4.63
77.15
0.02
0.01
0.52
1.23
2.77
0.67
1.58
3.56
0.74
1.74
3.94
F
G
E
A
24.22
1.23
206.11
75.61
288.41
433.18
14.52
0.74
123.57
45.33
172.91
259.70
18.62
0.94
158.46
58.13
221.73
333.03
20.62
1.04
175.46
64.37
245.53
368.77
B
A
C
B
B
C
7421
7424
7428
9108
9740
9741
j
k
k
k
Per
Capita
0901
0902
0908
0909
0912
0913
A
Rated
9985
0133
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
*
Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior policy year, and
Table A-3 to the second prior policy year.
j
k
Associated classes – both codes must be applied. The second code is not subject to experience
rating and applies to the full payroll of the associated class.
Code 9108 may also apply.
Not subject to experience rating
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
-----------------------------
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 15
PENNSYLVANIA
VOLUNTEER FIREMEN
CODE 994
SCHEDULE OF ANNUAL LOSS COSTS
Approved Effective Date: April 1, 2014
Population
Annual Loss Cost
Population
Annual Loss Cost
Up to 300
1,751
6,501 to 7,000
7,316
301 to 500
2,149
7,001 to 7,500
7,582
501 to 700
2,500
7,501 to 8,000
7,848
701 to 1,000
2,892
8,001 to 8,500
8,104
1,001 to 1,500
3,400
8,501 to 9,000
8,355
1,501 to 2,000
3,949
9,001 to 9,500
8,598
2,001 to 2,500
4,417
9,501 to 10,000
8,836
2,501 to 3,000
4,833
10,001 to 15,000
10,140
3,001 to 3,500
5,199
15,001 to 20,000
12,399
3,501 to 4,000
5,545
20,001 to 25,000
14,617
4,001 to 4,500
5,866
25,001 to 30,000
16,810
4,501 to 5,000
6,174
30,001 to 35,000
18,970
5,001 to 5,500
6,473
35,001 to 40,000
21,099
5,501 to 6,000
6,758
40,001 to 45,000
23,192
6,001 to 6,500
7,042
45,001 to 50,000
25,251
For each additional
5,000 population...........
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
2,066
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 16
A.
Definitions
HOME AREA
Any city, township or borough having its volunteer fire department located within the city, township or
borough.
OUTSIDE AREA
Any city, township or borough which does not have its volunteer fire department located within its
boundaries and is protected pursuant to a fire protection contract.
VOLUNTEER AND PAID STAFF
In jurisdictions where a combination of volunteer and paid firemen are employed, the following
procedure shall be followed to arrive at the proper population to be used for volunteer firemen
premium calculation:
The number of salaried firemen and active volunteers shall be determined at the inception of
the policy and shall not be subject to revision until renewal. 'Active volunteers' refers to
members of the company who are on the roster as available to respond to a fire alarm.
Determine the number of salaried firemen and active volunteers, e.g. 14 paid and 35 volunteers, total
staff 49. Take 35/49 or 71% of the service, as being provided by volunteers. Apply 71% to the
population, e.g. population 37,769 x 71% = 26,816 as a revised population base.
B.
The annual loss cost charge shall be determined on the basis of the sum of the populations from:
(1)
The Volunteer Fire Company or Companies' "Home Area,"
and
(2)
C.
Any "Outside Area" serviced by the "Home Area" company or companies. When an "Outside
Area" is serviced by fire companies from two or more different "Home Areas," the separate
populations serviced by each company shall be determined.
Population.
Population is determined on the basis of the figures provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce,
Bureau of the Census, as published in either actual population counts (Census of Population and
Housing Reports) or semiannual actuarial estimates of population.
The latest report issued prior to June 30 of a given year shall be used for all policies issued on and
after October 1 of that year and up to and including the following September 30.
EXPERIENCE RATING PLAN EXPECTED LOSS FACTORS
FOR DISCONTINUED CLASSES
When the following temporary staffing classifications were discontinued effective December 1, 2010, the
experience for risks in those classifications could not be reassigned to any new or continuing classifications.
For experience rating purposes the exposures and losses previously reported for the classifications listed
below will continue to be used in determining experience modification factors. The following expected loss
factors will apply.
Code
No.
A-1
544
682
929
937
947
$4.89
6.37
2.66
5.74
2.46
Experience Rating Plan
Expected Loss Factors Table
A-2
$6.23
8.02
3.42
7.36
3.15
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
A-3
$7.00
8.78
3.78
8.15
3.49
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 17
PENNSYLVANIA EMPLOYER ASSESSMENT FACTOR
CODE 0938.........................0.0195
SMALL DEDUCTIBLE PROGRAM
LOSS ELIMINATION RATIOS
Deductible
Levels
$
1,000
$
5,000
$
10,000
A
9.5%
21.8%
29.7%
B
8.0%
18.5%
25.5%
C
6.5%
15.2%
21.2%
Hazard Groups
D
E
5.4%
4.2%
12.8%
10.3%
18.2%
15.1%
F
3.6%
8.9%
13.0%
G
3.1%
7.4%
10.8%
NOTE: Upon approval of the Pennsylvania Insurance Department individual carriers can offer different deductible levels
and/or premium credits.
PENNSYLVANIA
UNITED STATES LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS RATES
MANUAL RATES AND EXPECTED LOSS RATES
APPROVED EFFECTIVE APRIL 1, 2014 NEW AND RENEWAL
Code
No.
6824F
6826F
6843F
6872F
7309F
7313F
7317F
7327F
7366F
8709F
8726F
Manual
Rate
20.31
21.25
26.72
61.41
105.98
22.50
55.78
42.77
19.80
7.61
6.52
Min
Prem.
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
3,000
2,085
1,825
Experience Rating Plan
Expected Loss Rate Tables*
A-1
A-2
A-3
6.82
10.09
10.72
7.14
10.56
11.22
8.98
13.28
14.11
20.63
30.51
32.42
35.60
52.66
55.96
7.56
11.18
11.88
18.74
27.72
29.45
14.37
21.25
22.58
6.65
9.84
10.45
2.56
3.78
4.02
2.19
3.24
3.44
Hazard
Group--A-G
F
E
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
E
* Table A-1 applies to the most current policy year, Table A-2 to the first prior year, and Table A-3 to second
prior --- policy year.
VOLUNTARY MARKET
Expense Constant: $295
United States Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Coverage Percentage applicable only in
connection with Rule XII ................................................................................77.46% (1.7746 x Carrier Rate)
UNITED STATES LONGSHORE AND HARBOR WORKERS
PREMIUM DISCOUNT TABLE
Total Workers
Compensation
Standard Premium
First
Next
Next
Over
$
10,000 .........
190,000 .........
1,550,000 .........
1,750,000 .........
Discounts Applicable
to Pennsylvania Portion
Schedule (Y) Carriers
None
9.1%
11.3%
12.3%
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
Discounts Applicable
to Pennsylvania
(X) Carriers
None
5.1%
6.5%
7.5%
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 18
* EXCESS LOSS (PURE PREMIUM) FACTORS (Applicable to New and Renewal Policies)
Excess Loss Factors
Per
Accident
Limit
$10,000
$15,000
$20,000
$25,000
$30,000
$35,000
$40,000
$50,000
$75,000
$100,000
$125,000
$150,000
$175,000
$200,000
$225,000
$250,000
$275,000
$300,000
$325,000
$350,000
$375,000
$400,000
$425,000
$450,000
$475,000
$500,000
$600,000
$700,000
$800,000
$900,000
$1,000,000
$2,000,000
$3,000,000
$4,000,000
$5,000,000
$6,000,000
$7,000,000
$8,000,000
$9,000,000
$10,000,000
A
B
0.703
0.648
0.605
0.570
0.540
0.514
0.491
0.451
0.372
0.313
0.268
0.234
0.208
0.187
0.169
0.155
0.142
0.132
0.122
0.114
0.107
0.101
0.095
0.090
0.086
0.081
0.069
0.060
0.054
0.049
0.0445
0.0251
0.0183
0.0150
0.0117
0.0096
0.0081
0.0069
0.0060
0.0053
0.745
0.696
0.657
0.624
0.596
0.570
0.548
0.509
0.431
0.371
0.323
0.284
0.254
0.230
0.210
0.193
0.178
0.165
0.154
0.144
0.135
0.128
0.121
0.114
0.109
0.104
0.088
0.077
0.068
0.062
0.0565
0.0314
0.0226
0.0181
0.0155
0.0129
0.0110
0.0093
0.0081
0.0071
C
0.788
0.744
0.709
0.679
0.652
0.629
0.607
0.570
0.494
0.433
0.382
0.341
0.307
0.279
0.256
0.237
0.219
0.204
0.191
0.179
0.169
0.160
0.151
0.144
0.137
0.130
0.110
0.096
0.086
0.077
0.0706
0.0392
0.0280
0.0222
0.0187
0.0162
0.0143
0.0125
0.0108
0.0095
D
0.818
0.778
0.745
0.717
0.693
0.671
0.651
0.615
0.542
0.483
0.433
0.391
0.355
0.326
0.300
0.279
0.260
0.244
0.229
0.216
0.204
0.193
0.184
0.175
0.167
0.160
0.135
0.119
0.106
0.096
0.0881
0.0496
0.0353
0.0278
0.0230
0.0200
0.0178
0.0160
0.0145
0.0129
E
0.849
0.812
0.782
0.756
0.733
0.712
0.693
0.659
0.589
0.532
0.483
0.441
0.404
0.372
0.345
0.322
0.301
0.283
0.267
0.252
0.239
0.227
0.217
0.207
0.198
0.190
0.162
0.141
0.126
0.114
0.1049
0.0595
0.0424
0.0333
0.0277
0.0237
0.0210
0.0189
0.0171
0.0159
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
F
0.870
0.837
0.810
0.787
0.766
0.747
0.730
0.699
0.635
0.582
0.536
0.495
0.459
0.428
0.400
0.375
0.354
0.335
0.317
0.302
0.288
0.275
0.264
0.253
0.243
0.234
0.203
0.180
0.162
0.148
0.1361
0.0809
0.0585
0.0461
0.0381
0.0326
0.0287
0.0256
0.0230
0.0211
G
0.892
0.865
0.843
0.824
0.806
0.790
0.775
0.748
0.690
0.642
0.600
0.562
0.528
0.497
0.469
0.444
0.421
0.400
0.382
0.366
0.351
0.337
0.324
0.312
0.301
0.291
0.256
0.229
0.208
0.190
0.1764
0.1088
0.0800
0.0635
0.0526
0.0450
0.0394
0.0351
0.0315
0.0288
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 19
PENNSYLVANIA RETROSPECTIVE DEVELOPMENT FACTORS*
Retrospective development factors for first, second and third adjustments are calculated below. They are
intended for application to retrospective plans with no loss limitation.
First Adjustment
Second Adjustment
Third Adjustment
RDF
RDF
RDF
=
=
=
0.3769
0.2370
0.1721
For those companies using retrospective development factors with loss limitations, the following formula
may be used.
RDF(LIM)
RDF(LIM)
ELF
=
(1.0–ELF)
X RDF
= Retrospective Development Factors at limited basis
= Expected Loss Factors for given Hazard Group and Loss
Limitation
= Retrospective Development Factors without Loss Limitation
ELF
= $25,000 limit, Hazard Group C
ELF
= 0.679
RDF = (1–0.679) x 0.3769
RDF = 0.1210
RDF
For Example:
First Adjustment
*The use of retrospective development factors is optional.
PENNSYLVANIA STATE AND HAZARD GROUP RELATIVITIES
HAZARD GROUP
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
FACTOR
1.49
1.03
0.95
0.87
0.74
0.54
0.46
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 20
Expected
Loss
Group
Range
Rounded Values
95
94
93
92
91
1,153
1,801
2,665
3,521
4,654
90
89
88
87
86
6,052
7,310
8,822
10,241
11,887
85
84
83
82
81
13,788
15,594
17,629
19,909
22,152
80
79
78
77
76
24,646
27,418
30,505
33,661
37,059
75
74
73
72
71
40,804
44,840
49,090
53,744
58,845
70
69
68
67
66
64,234
70,066
76,422
82,858
89,500
-
Expected
Loss
Group
Range
Rounded Values
1,800
2,664
3,520
4,653
6,051
65
64
63
62
61
96,674
104,414
112,773
121,800
131,549
7,309
8,821
10,240
11,886
13,787
60
59
58
57
56
142,080
153,484
165,954
170,183
193,058
15,593
17,628
19,908
22,151
24,645
55
54
53
52
51
208,013
224,127
242,338
262,104
283,490
27,417
30,504
33,660
37,058
40,803
50
49
48
47
46
306,609
330,863
356,978
385,342
419,231
44,839
49,089
53,743
58,844
64,233
45
44
43
42
41
456,099
496,210
542.250
593,338
649,244
70,065
76,421
82,857
89,499
96,673
40
39
38
37
36
715,711
790,931
874,057
965,919
1,073,889
-
Expected
Loss
Group
Range
Rounded Values
104,413
112,772
121,799
131,548
142,079
35
34
33
32
31
1,205,738
1,353,768
1,519,974
1,733,230
1,992,237
153,483
165,953
179,182
193,057
208,012
30
29
28
27
26
2,289,952
2,632,158
3,128,883
3,741,463
4,473,982
224,126
242,337
262,103
283,489
306,608
25
24
23
22
21
5,515,491
7,018,622
8,931,402
11,412,762
14,603,709
330,862
356,977
385,341
419,230
456,098
20
19
18
17
16
18,686,829
23,911,566
30,597,108
41,970,254
57,528,884
496,209
542,249
593,337
649,243
715,710
15
14
13
12
11
91,806,464
135,781,025
200,819,055
297,009,778
464,933,745
790,930
874,056
965,918
1,073,888
1,205,737
10
9
735,711,390
1,164,190,073
©2012 National Council on Compensation Insurance, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
-
1,353,767
1,519,973
1,733,229
1,992,236
2,289,951
2,632,157
3,128,882
3,741,462
4,473,981
5,515,490
7,018,621
8,931,401
11,412,761
14,603,708
18,686,828
23,911,565
30,597,107
41,970,253
62,073,665
91,806,463
135,781,024
200,819,054
297,009,777
464,933,744
735,711,389
1,164,190,072
& over
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 21
UNITED STATES LONGSHOREMEN AND HARBOR WORKERS
PREMIUM DISCOUNT TABLES (IN PERCENT)
Standard
Premium
$
0
10,056
10,168
10,283
10,400
10,521
10,644
10,770
10,899
11,031
11,166
11,305
11,447
11,593
11,742
11,896
12,053
12,215
12,381
12,552
12,728
12,908
13,094
13,285
13,482
13,685
13,894
14,109
14,331
14,560
14,797
15,042
15,295
15,556
15,827
16,107
16,397
16,698
17,010
17,334
17,670
18,020
18,384
18,763
19,158
19,570
20,000
20,450
20,920
21,412
-
Standard
Premium
Discount
10,055
10,167
10,282
10,399
10,520
10,643
10,769
10,898
11,030
11,165
11,304
11,446
11,592
11,741
11,895
12,052
12,214
12,380
12,551
12,727
12,907
13,093
13,284
0.0%
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
13,481
13,684
13,893
14,108
14,330
14,559
14,796
15,041
15,294
15,555
15,826
16,106
16,396
16,697
17,009
17,333
17,669
18,019
18,383
18,762
19,157
19,569
19,999
20,449
20,919
21,411
21,927
2.3
2.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3.0
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
$
21,928
22,470
23,038
23,637
24,267
24,932
25,634
26,377
27,165
28,000
28,889
29,837
30,848
31,930
33,091
34,340
35,687
37,143
38,724
40,445
42,326
44,391
46,667
-
49,190
52,000
55,152
58,710
62,759
67,408
72,800
79,131
86,667
95,790
107,059
121,334
140,000
165,455
200,378
208,236
216,735
225,958
236,000
246,977
259,025
272,308
287,028
303,429
321,819
342,581
366,207
-
-
-
Standard
Premium
Discount
22,469
23,037
23,636
24,266
24,931
25,633
26,376
27,164
27,999
28,888
29,836
30,847
31,929
33,090
34,339
35,686
37,142
38,723
40,444
42,325
44,390
46,666
49,189
51,999
55,151
58,709
62,758
67,407
72,799
79,130
86,666
95,789
107,058
121,333
139,999
165,454
200,377
208,235
216,734
225,957
235,999
246,976
259,024
272,307
287,027
303,428
321,818
342,580
366,206
393,333
5.0%
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
6.0
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
7.1
7.2
$
393,334 424,800 461,740 505,715 558,948 624,706 708,000 816,924 965,455 1,180,000 1,517,143 1,824,800 1,983,479 2,172,381 2,401,053 2,683,530 3,041,334 3,509,231 4,147,273 5,068,889 6,517,143 9,124,000 15,206,667 45,620,000
Discount
424,799
461,739
505,714
558,947
624,705
707,999
816,923
965,454
1,179,999
1,517,142
1,824,799
1,983,478
2,172,380
2,401,052
2,683,529
3,041,333
3,509,230
4,147,272
5,068,888
6,517,142
9,123,999
15,206,666
45,619,999
and over
10.0%
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6
10.7
10.8
10.9
11.0
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.8
11.9
12.0
12.1
12.2
12.3
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
8.0
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
9.0
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
Above Table Based on the Following
Discounts
First
Next
Next
Over
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
$
$
$
$
10,000
190,000
1,550,000
1,750,000
0.0%
9.1%
11.3%
12.3%
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 22
UNITED STATES LONGSHOREMEN AND HARBOR WORKERS
PREMIUM DISCOUNT TABLES (IN PERCENT)
Standard
Premium
$
0
10,100
10,304
10,516
10,737
10,968
11,209
11,461
11,725
12,000
12,290
12,593
12,912
13,247
13,600
13,973
14,367
14,783
15,224
15,693
16,191
16,722
17,289
17,895
18,546
19,246
20,000
20,817
21,703
22,667
-
Standard
Premium
Discount
10,099
10,303
10,515
10,736
10,967
11,208
11,460
11,724
11,999
12,289
12,592
12,911
13,246
13,599
13,972
14,366
14,782
15,223
15,692
16,190
16,721
17,288
17,894
18,545
19,245
19,999
20,816
21,702
22,666
23,720
0.0%
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
$
23,721
24,879
26,154
27,568
29,143
30,910
32,904
35,173
37,778
40,800
44,348
48,572
53,685
60,000
68,000
78,462
92,728
113,334
145,715
200,607
213,549
228,276
245,186
264,800
287,827
315,239
348,422
389,412
441,334
509,231
-
Standard
Premium
Discount
24,878
26,153
27,567
29,142
30,909
32,903
35,172
37,777
40,799
44,347
48,571
53,684
59,999
67,999
78,461
92,727
113,333
145,714
200,606
213,548
228,275
245,185
264,799
287,826
315,238
348,421
389,411
441,333
509,230
601,818
3.0%
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
4.0
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5.0
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
3.6
$
601,819
735,556
945,715
1,324,000
1,809,566
1,981,905
2,190,527
2,448,236
2,774,667
3,201,539
3,783,637
4,624,445
5,945,715
8,324,000
13,873,334
41,620,000
-
Discount
735.555
945,714
1,323,999
1,809,565
1,981,904
2,190,526
2,448,235
2,774,666
3,201,538
3,783,636
4,624,444
5,945,714
8,323,999
13,873,333
41,619,999
and over
6.0%
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
7.0
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
Above table Based on
the Following Discounts
First
Next
Next
Over
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
$
10,000
190,000
1,550,000
1,750,000
0.0%
5.1
6.5
7.5
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
RATING VALUES
Page 23
EXCESS LOSS (PURE PREMIUM) FACTORS
FOR
UNITED STATES LONGSHORE AND HARBORWORKERS ACT
Effective April 1, 2009 carriers should use the excess loss pure premium factors table applicable to State Act
coverages.
Pennsylvania Retrospective Rating Tax Multiplier
Federal Classes, or Non F where rate is increased by USL&HW Act Percentage
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
1.1729
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 1
CLASSIFICATIONS
SUBCLASSIFICATION – CARRIER OPTION
Act 44 of 1993 permits an insurer to develop subclassifications to the Bureau’s classification system as approved
by the Insurance Commissioner. Any such subclassification shall be filed by the developing insurer with the
Bureau and the Insurance Commissioner thirty (30) days prior to its use. The insurer’s filing shall demonstrate
that payroll and loss data produced under such subclassification can be reported to the Bureau consistent with
the Bureau’s classification system and statistical plan. Otherwise, the Insurance Commissioner shall disapprove
the subclassification filing.
DEFINITIONS
ALL EMPLOYEES EXCEPT OFFICE: There is no payroll division between a business classification designated
“all employees except office” and Code 951. Such business classification contemplates all salespersons,
including but not necessarily limited to over-the-road salespersons, floor salespersons, inspectors, interior
designers or decorators employed by any business assignable to that classification.
ALL EMPLOYEES INCLUDING OFFICE: There is no payroll division between a business classification
designated “all employees including office” and Codes 951 and 953. Such business classification contemplates
all salespersons employed by any business assignable to that classification. Such classification also
contemplates clerical office personnel engaged in the administration of the business, regardless of whether the
office personnel are located at or contiguous to the business’ location or a location separate from the business’
location.
ALL EMPLOYEES INCLUDING OFFICE EXCEPT WORKFARE OR HOME HEALTH CARE SERVICES: This
definition is the same as the “all employees including office” definition above except for the designated separate
personnel (e.g., workfare, home health), which shall be subject to separate classification as provided for in this
Manual.
CAMPUS: The grounds, buildings and all surrounding facilities at a single or contiguous geographic location
where operations are conducted by a single risk as defined by the Pennsylvania Experience Rating Plan. Support services at such location may include but are not necessarily limited to: buildings or grounds maintenance,
dietary, laundry or housekeeping which may be shared by all the contiguously-situated operations and which
shall be construed and classified as a single enterprise.
N.O.C.: Not Otherwise Classified. A classification so designated is to be assigned when there are two or more
potential classification assignments, and there is no specific Underwriting Guide entry for a business’ principal
product or line of merchandise. For example, in the event there is no Underwriting Guide entry for a principal line
of merchandise being sold wholesale, the assignment is Code 924.
PRINCIPAL: When a store sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such store shall be classified based on the principal category of merchandise sold. The term
“principal” means more than 50 percent of the business’ overall revenue.
PRINCIPALLY ENGAGED: The business activity that generates more than 50 percent of a business’ overall
revenue.
TO BE SEPARATELY RATED OR SEPARATELY RATE: When either of these terms is found in a
classification’s definition, the payroll of personnel interchanging between that classification’s tasks (e.g., shop)
and also performing the specified function that is designated “to be separately rated” or “separately rate” (e.g.,
erection, installation) may be divided between that class and class(es) designated for the specified function,
provided the employer’s original payroll records show an allocation of payroll to both classifications for each
interchanging employee. Estimated or percentage allocation of payroll is not permitted. When separate payroll
records are not maintained, the entire payroll of the interchanging employees shall be assigned to the insuring
carrier’s highest-valued classification representing any part of their work.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 2
CLASSIFICATIONS
CLASSIFICATIONS
AGRICULTURAL AND LOGGING
005 TREE PRUNING, Spraying, Repairing or Fumigating.
Applicable to businesses pruning, spraying, trimming or fumigating trees. These operations may require
tree climbing using ladders and/or ropes and/or aerial buckets. Code 005 applies to the whole tree work
job or location, meaning Code 005 also includes ground personnel whose job duties may include but are
not necessarily limited to: chipping, cleanup activities, the removal and/or the hauling away of tree limbs
and debris regardless of whether or not a separate contract is written for tree pruning or lawn maintenance
and another contract is written for the removal, chipping, cleanup activities and/or the hauling away of tree
limbs and debris.
Also includes generalist tree care service contractors that perform most or all of the above listed services
or specialists principally engaged in providing a single service (e.g., clearing the rights-of-way/tree pruning
for utility lines). Code 005 further contemplates tree removal that is incident to the employer’s pruning,
spraying, repairing, trimming or fumigating services.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign the applicable logging classification to logging businesses or clearing of land projects that
include tree removal.
Separately rate to Code 012 landscaping or lawn cutting or maintenance.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Clearing Of Right-Of-Way, For Telephone--- Or Electric Lines
Orchard Work, Fumigating By Contractor
Orchard Work, Pruning By Contractor
Tree Pruning, Spraying, Repairing, Trimming Or Fumigating
007 FARM MACHINERY OPERATION by Contractors: threshing, shredding, ensilage cutting,
harvesting and hay baling.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Specialist contractors performing one or more of the following tasks: filling mushroom beds with
compost, spawning or casing.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign the applicable logging classification to logging operations.
Assign Code 301 to sawmill operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Compost Filling Of Mushroom Beds - By
Contractor
Ensilage Cutting By Contractor
Farm Machinery Operation By Contractor
Fertilizer Application To Soil
Grain Harvesting By Contractor
Grist Mill, Portable, Operated By Contractor
Harvesting By Contractor
Hay Baling, By Contractor
Lime Spreading
Milling Of Grain, With Portable Mills
Mushroom Bed Filling With Compost - By
Contractor
Shredding Of Agricultural Products By
Contractor
Threshing By Contractor
009 LOGGING OR LUMBERING, N.O.C.
Applicable to a logging or lumbering business principally engaged in cutting/felling trees for lumber or wood
chips or clearing land of trees by chainsaws regardless of the trees’ size. Includes stump removal incident
to logging or lumbering by the logging business.
Also applicable to the transportation of the logs to a mill and to the construction, maintenance or extension
of landings or logging roads when performed by employees of the logging business.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 3
CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 301 to sawmill operations conducted by a separate crew of employees.
Assign Code 811 to specialist contractors engaged in hauling logs for an unrelated logging or
lumbering business. Assign Code 301 to log hauling performed by a sawmill business when all
logging or lumbering has been outsourced to an unrelated logging or lumbering business(es).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Logging - By Chain Saws
Lumbering - By Chain Saws
012 LANDSCAPE CONTRACTOR Or Lawn Cutting Or Maintenance Contractor.
Includes the construction of dry stone walls, rock gardens, patios, garden walks and the like when such
operations are incidental to the landscape or lawn maintenance operations.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Separately rate to Code 005 tree pruning, spraying, trimming, repairing or fumigating including
ground personnel performing chipping, cleanup, the removal and/or hauling away of tree limbs
and debris at a tree job or location.
Assign Code 0013 to separately-staffed nursery, Christmas tree raising or sod farm operations.
Outside domestic workers engaged in the care of lawns, shrubs or grounds surrounding the
personal residence of the insured shall be assigned to Code 0912 or Code 0909 pursuant to
Section 1, Rule XIV of this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Turf Installation - By Contractor
Brush Or Weed Spraying - By Contractor - Except
Aerial Spraying
Gardener
Grass Cutting Along Highways By Specialist
Contractor
Grass Cutting, Lawns, By Contractor
Installation of Well Pad Containment Liners &
Fences (Barriers) – by Independent Contractor
Landscape Contractor
Lawn Care Service Company - Including Lawn
Cutting, Maintenance Or Spraying
Street Or Road Landscape Planting And
Maintenance - By Specialist Contractor
Surface Mine Reclamation - By Contractor Reseeding Or Planting By Separate Crew
Weed Or Brush Spraying - By Contractor - Except
Aerial Spraying
015 LOGGING OR LUMBERING – MECHANIZED TREE FELLING EQUIPMENT.
Applicable to a logging or lumbering business principally engaged in cutting/ felling trees for lumber, wood
chips or clearing land by means of mechanized equipment. Mechanized tree felling equipment is a
tracked or wheeled unit that has an enclosed cab (e.g., a feller-buncher that has a fixed-grip harvesting
head that can grasp, cut, lift, swing and bunch trees), and the equipment’s operator does not normally
leave the cab in the performance of his tree cutting/felling duties.
Also applicable to the transportation of the logs to a sawmill or another type of customer and to the
construction, maintenance or extension of landings or logging roads when performed by the employees of
the logging business.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 301 to sawmill operations conducted by a separate crew of employees.
Assign Code 811 to specialist contractors engaged in hauling logs for an unrelated logging or
lumbering business. Assign Code 301 to log hauling performed by a sawmill business when all
logging or lumbering has been outsourced to an unrelated logging or lumbering business(es).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Logging - By Means Of Mechanized Equipment
Lumbering - By Means Of Mechanized Equipment
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 4
CLASSIFICATIONS
MINING AND QUARRYING
025 MINING – not coal.
Includes underground mining of metallic or non-metallic minerals and includes milling or other mineral
preparation customarily done at the mine site or as part of the mining activity.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Iron Ore Mining - Underground
Mining - Underground - Not Coal
Salt Mining - Underground
Underground Mining - Not Coal
028 OIL OR GAS PRODUCTION, Operation of Wells – including gasoline mfg. from casing-head gas.
Applicable to the operation of a producing oil or gas lease/well, whether performed by the lease/well’s
owner or a contract lease/well operator. Routine maintenance of the producing lease/well includes but is
not necessarily limited to: monitor pressures at the wells and pressures on the pipelines, reading and
replacing well charts that record production, repair or replace valves, flanges, gaskets and other
mechanical parts of the well head and related piping, paint well equipment, control vegetation growth (e.g.,
mow the grass) at the lease/well site, walk the pipeline for inspection and check for leaks, and report to
management any observed problem that will require more skilled or specialized intervention to fix.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
As provided for in this Manual, separately rate services performed by either the oil or gas well’s lease
owner or contract lease operator or by unrelated contractors for the oil or gas well’s lease owner or
contract lease operator. Such services may include but are not necessarily limited to:
1. Assign Code ---955 to geophysical exploration.
2. Assign the applicable construction classification(s) to site preparation, including but not necessarily
limited to: building of the dirt or stone-covered access road (Code --609), clearing of land (Code
609), digging water ponds (Code 609), laying or taking up of flow lines (Code 609), installing piping
to brine tanks (Code 675) and installing pumping units (Code 675).
3. Assign Code 655 to tank building.
4. Assign Code 606 to oil or gas well drilling, redrilling or deepening.
5. Assign Code 012 to separate staff or an independent contractor principally engaged in performing
the installation of well pad containment liners and fences (barriers).
6. Assign Code 607 to all types of oil or gas well services (e.g., installation, recovery or replacement
of casing, well cementing, well cleaning or swabbing, well fracturing/formation fracturing and well
logging.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Gas Production
Gas Well Operation
Natural Gas Production
Oil Lease Operation
Oil Production
Oil Well Operation
Well Operation - Oil Or Gas
050 QUARRIES, N.O.C. – including drilling or stripping by contractor or operator and including incidental
stone crushing, cutting or polishing.
This classification includes, but is not necessarily limited to: quarrying of sandstone, ganister, glass-sand,
bluestone, granite, mica schist.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bluestone Quarry
Feldspar Quarry
Flint Or Feldspar Grinding, Done By Quarry
Ganister Quarry
Glass Sand - Quarrying Or Digging
Granite Quarry
Mica Schist Quarry, Including Grinding Or Splitting
Quarry, N.O.C.
Sandstone Quarry
Stone Crushing By Producer
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 5
CLASSIFICATIONS
051 QUARRY – limestone, dolomite, marble, lime, gypsum or slate – including but not necessarily limited to:
drilling, stripping, cutting, polishing, crushing, lime burning or slate splitting or milling by the quarry operator.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Dolomite Quarry
Gypsum Quarry
Lime Burning Or Processing - By Limestone Quarry
Operator
Lime Quarry
Quarry, Limestone
Quarry, Slate
Slate Processing - By Quarry Operator
055 SAND, Gravel or Slag EXCAVATION – Including Crushing.
---Applicable to businesses principally engaged in operating sand or gravel pits and in washing, screening,
or otherwise preparing sand or gravel. Also included are ---businesses principally engaged in surface
mining, along with milling or otherwise preparing ---by the producer any type of clay, --- or performing the
dredging of materials on non-navigable waters with incidental shore operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
--Dredging Of Materials On Non-Navigable Waters
With Incidental Shore Operations
Fire Clay Digging
Gravel Or Sand Digging Or Excavation - Including
Crushing
---Clay (Any Type) Excavation Or Surface Mining Including Milling Or Washing
Metal Salvaging, From Slag Dumps
Quarry, Gravel Or Slag Excavation - Including
Crushing
Sand Or Gravel Digging Or Excavation - Including
Crushing
Shale Digging Or Excavation In Open Pits
Slag Digging Or Excavation - Including Crushing
059 MINERAL MILLING – applicable to businesses that do not operate either a mine or a quarry and are
principally engaged in the crushing, grinding, pulverizing or otherwise preparing clay, ceramic or refractory
minerals, barite or miscellaneous metallic or non-metallic minerals.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Emery Works - Crushing Or Grinding
Flint Or Feldspar Grinding, Not Done By Quarry
Gravel Crushing By Dealer
---Clay Milling Or Washing By Other Than Producer
Metal Powder Mfg. - Crushing Or Grinding - By
Independent Contractor
Mineral Milling
Ore Milling
Powder Mfg. - Metal - Crushing Or Grinding - By
Independent Contractor
Stone Crushing By Other Than Producer Or Road
Contractor
Talc Mill
Vermiculite Crushing And/Or Processing By Other
Than Producer
FOOD INDUSTRIES
101 GRAIN MILLING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Breakfast Cereal Mfg.
Feed Mfg. - Preparation Of Cereal Or Compound
Feeds For Livestock Or Poultry
Flour Mfg. - Wood
Flour Milling
Grain Mill - Permanently Located Mill
Grist Mill - Permanently Located
Milling Of Grain - Permanently Located
Pellet Mfg. - Wood
Potato Flour Mfg.
Wood Flour Or Pellet Mfg.
103 SUGAR REFINING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Beet Sugar Mfg.
Cane Sugar Refining
Corn Starch Mfg.
Glucose Mfg.
Milling - Wet Corn
Molasses Mfg.
Starch Mfg. - By Wet Corn Milling
Sugar Cane Milling
Sugar Refining
Syrup Or Molasses Refining
Wet Corn Milling
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CLASSIFICATIONS
104 FOOD ---PRODUCTS MFG. N.O.C., ---.
---
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
--1. Assign Code 101 to a business performing cereal milling.
2. Assign Code 106 to a business preparing meat products by smoking, corning, curing, salting,
encasing, etc.
3. Assign Code 113 to a business pickling cucumbers or other foods.
4. Assign Code 113 to a business manufacturing preserved fruits (e.g., candied fruit peels or rinds, pie
fillings, soda fountain syrups) by cleaning, cutting and cooking the required ingredients.
5. Assign Code 113 to a business manufacturing syrup by mixing and cooking fruits or fruit juices with
sugar and related ingredients.
6. Assign Code 571 to the manufacture of essential oils or extracts such as used for perfume.
7. Assign Code 898 to the preparation of food by caterers.
8. Assign Code 907 to fresh fruit or vegetable dealers whose operations may include washing, sizing
and/or packaging the fresh fruits or vegetables.
9. Assign Code 911 to a business repackaging food products from large containers into smaller ones
involving no processing operations. This would include dry, liquid, semi-liquid or solid products.
10. Assign the applicable agricultural class to a business principally engaged in raising of one or more
different fruits or vegetables whose operations may include the washing, sizing and/or packaging
thereof prior to shipment to customers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Baking Powder Mfg.
Cake Mix Mfg. - Dry Blending
Cat Food Mfg. - Dry/Bagged - No Cereal Milling
Chinese Food Mfg.
Coconut Shredding Or Drying
Coffee Grinding And Roasting
Corn Chip Mfg.
Dog Food Mfg. - Dry/Bagged - No Cereal Milling
Flavoring Extract Mfg.
Flavoring Syrups Blending
Flour Mixing And Blending, No Milling
Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. - No Cereal Milling
Fruit Flavored Drink Mfg.
Fruit Juice Mfg. - From Purchased Concentrates
Only
Herbs - Blending, Grinding And Packing
Ice Mfg. - Not Dry Ice
Licorice Extract Mfg.
Malted Milk Mfg. - From Powdered Milk, Sugar,
Malt And Cocoa
Mayonnaise Mfg.
Medicinal Extract Mfg.
Mustard (Prepared) Mfg.
Nuts - Cleaning And Shelling
--Peanut Butter Mfg.
Peanut Handling – Cleaning, Grading or Shelling
Pizza Assembly - No Baking Operation
Potato Chip Mfg.
Relish Mfg. - Fruit And Vegetable
Salad Dressing Mfg.
Salad Preparation - Cole Slaw, Egg, Potato, Etc.
Sandwich Spread Mfg. - Salad Dressing Base
Sauces Mfg.
Seasoning - Prepared Sauces - Vegetable
Soup Mfg.
Spice Grinding
Sugar Repacking, Mixing, Blending Only
Tea - Blending And Mixing Including Packing Into
Teabags
--Vegetable Sauce Mfg.
Vegetables - TV Dinner Type, Cooking, Packing
And Freezing
Vinegar Mfg. - From Purchased Concentrates Only
Yeast Mfg.
105 BAKERY, Wholesale.
Includes payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or
route supervisors engaged in the delivery of the insured’s products to customers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bakery - Wholesale
Cracker Mfg.
Doughnut Mfg. - By Wholesale Bakery
Ice Cream Cone Mfg.
Macaroni, Spaghetti, Vermicelli Or Noodles Mfg.
Pretzel Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
106 PROCESSED MEAT PRODUCTS MFG. – No Slaughtering or Handling of Livestock.
Applicable to businesses that are principally engaged in making processed meat products. Such
businesses will perform no slaughtering of animals whatsoever nor will they handle any livestock. The
businesses will receive meat from unrelated concerns in boxed form and/or in carcass or partial carcass
form. Processed shall mean that definite changes result in the meat product due to the application of
chemicals and/or heat (the use of smoke and/or cooking) to the meat materials. Typical products of such
businesses include but are not necessarily limited to: sausage, frankfurters, ready-to-eat luncheon meats,
hams or bacon.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or route supervisors engaged in
the delivery of the business’ products to customers.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 111 to a processed meat products manufacturing business that slaughters animals or
handles livestock and is principally engaged in the wholesale sale of the processed meat products.
2. Assign Code 915 to a business slaughtering animals and who makes fresh meat cuts and/or
processed meat products and is principally engaged in the retail sale of the fresh meat cuts and/or
processed meat products.
3. Assign Code 910 to a business principally engaged in receiving meat in boxed, carcass or
partial carcass form and that cuts the meat into portion-controlled fresh meat products such as
steaks, roasts, or chops and that is principally engaged in the wholesale sale of the products. Such
business does not kill animals or handle livestock or utilize chemicals and/or heat (the use of smoke
and/or cooking) in processing the meat materials.
4. Assign Code 119 to a business principally engaged in receiving beef and/or veal in boxed,
carcass or partial carcass form and cutting or grinding the beef or veal into hamburger,
hamburger and/or veal patties and/or sandwich steaks and that is engaged in the wholesale sale of
the products.
5. Assign Code 924 to a wholesale meat dealer who performs no cutting (or deboning) or
processing of fresh meats, but who may repackage the fresh meats.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bacon (Side And/Or Sliced) Mfg.
Cured Meats - Brined, Dried And Salted
Dehydration Of Meat
Ham - Boiled, Boneless, Roasted, And Smoked
Mfg.
Luncheon Meats Mfg.
Pork Products Mfg. - Pickled, Cured, Salted And
Smoked
Processed Meat Products Mfg.
Sausage Or Other Prepared Meat Products Mfg.
Scrapple Mfg.
107 CANDY, Chocolate or Chewing Gum MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Candy Mfg.
Chewing Gum Mfg.
Chocolate Mfg.
Cocoa Mfg.
Confectionery Mfg.
Popcorn Mfg.
108 BREWERY
Includes the distribution of beer or malt liquors by the manufacturer, bottler or canner. Also includes
payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or route
supervisors engaged in the delivery of the insured’s products to customers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Brewery, Including Distributing Stations
Malt Liquors Mfg. And Distribution
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CLASSIFICATIONS
109 DAIRY PRODUCTS MFG.
Ice cream manufacturing by a separate group of employees in a physically separate department shall be
assigned to Code 110.
Includes payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or
route supervisors engaged in the delivery of the insured’s product(s) to customers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Butter Or Cheese Mfg.
Cheese Mfg.
Condensed Milk Mfg.
Creamery
Dairy Products Mfg. (Except Ice Cream Mfg.)
Dehydration Of Milk
Malted Milk Powder Mfg., Including Dehydration Of
Milk
Milk Processor - Fluid
Milk Products Mfg., N.O.C. (Excluding Ice Cream
Mfg.)
Yogurt Mfg.
110 ICE CREAM MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ice Cream Mfg.
Water Ice Mfg.
111 SLAUGHTERHOUSE – Wholesale, all operations.
For businesses principally engaged in receiving live animals (e.g., cattle, hogs and/or sheep), killing the
animals and dressing the carcasses to produce meat products and selling the meat products on a
wholesale basis. A business eligible for this classification will normally ship deboned meats in boxed form
and/or may also ship meats in carcass form. Such business may also produce processed meat products
like bacon, hams, sausage or luncheon meats and/or also sell some portion of the meat production as
fresh meat cuts (e.g., steaks, roasts).
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or route supervisors
engaged in the delivery of the business’ products to customers.
2. The employer’s processing of animal by-products resulting from the employer’s animal killing
operations which may include but is not necessarily limited to: cooking of fat into tallow or lard and/or
washing, scraping and salting of hides
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Butchering - Wholesale, Not Stockyards
Meat Packing Plant - Wholesale, Including Slaughtering
Packing House - Wholesale, Including Slaughtering
Slaughterhouse - Wholesale, Including Processing
112 BEVERAGE MFG., N.O.C., including bottling or canning.
Includes the distribution of beverages, not otherwise classified, by the manufacturer, bottler or canner.
Also includes payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons
and/or route supervisors engaged in the delivery of the insured’s products to customers.
Payroll developed in the brewing, bottling or canning of beer, ale or malt liquors shall be assigned to Code
108.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alcoholic Beverage Bottling - Carbonated
Beverage Mfg., Carbonated - Bottled Or Canned
Bottling Or Canning Of Carbonated Beverages
Canning Or Bottling Of Carbonated Beverages
Carbonated Beverage Mfg. - Bottled Or Canned
Mineral Water, Carbonated - Bottled Or Canned
Soft Drinks (Carbonated) Mfg. - Bottled Or Canned
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CLASSIFICATIONS
113 PRESERVING OR CANNING OF FOOD
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alcoholic Beverage Distilling
Apple Cider Or Juice Mfg.
Applesauce Mfg.
Canning Or Preserving Of Food
Cat Or Dog Food Mfg. - Canned
Catsup Mfg.
Dehydration Of Food - Except Dehydration Of Meat
Or Milk
Distilling Of Alcoholic Liquors
Dog Or Cat Food Mfg. - Canned
Eggs, Dehydrated
Eggs, Powdered
Frozen Fruit, Fruit Juice, Processing
Fruit And Vegetable Juice, Canned, Bottled Or Bulk
Fruit Evaporating
Fruit Juice Mfg.
Fruit Preserving
Gelatin Mfg.
Jam Mfg.
Jelly Mfg.
Juice Mfg. - Fruit
Ketchup Mfg.
Pet Food Mfg. - Canned - Non Farm Domestic
Pickle Mfg.
Pie Filling Mfg.
Preserving Or Canning Of Food
Sauerkraut Mfg.
Spirituous (Distilled) Liquor Bottling By Distiller
Syrup Mfg., For Soda Fountains
Tomato Paste Mfg.
Vegetable And Fruit Juice - Canned, Bottled Or
Bulk
Vegetable Canning
Vinegar Mfg. - By Fermentation
Whiskey Mfg.
Winery
114 RENDERING Works.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in rendering inedible grease and tallow from animal fat,
bones and meat scraps; and businesses principally engaged in manufacturing animal oils and animal meal.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Animal And Marine Fat And Oil Mfg.
Animal Oil Mfg.
Animal Rendering Works, N.O.C.
Cod Liver Oil Mfg.
Fish Oil Mfg.
Grease And Tallow Mfg.
Grease Mfg., Animal
Oil Mfg., Animal
115 TOBACCO PRODUCTS MFG., including tobacco rehandling.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cigar Mfg.
Cigarette Mfg.
Snuff Mfg.
Tobacco (Chewing And Smoking) And Snuff Mfg.
Tobacco Rehandling
Tobacco Stemming And Redrying
119 MEAT PRODUCTS MFG., N.O.C.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in making hamburger and/or hamburger or veal patties and/
or sandwich steaks.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Hamburger Or Hamburger Patty Mfg.
Meat Products Mfg., N.O.C.
Sandwich Steak Mfg.
Veal Patty Mfg. - Plain Or Breaded
TEXTILES AND CLOTHING MFG.
130 TEXTILE WASTE, Shoddy and Unwoven Felt, MFG., the garneting of Fibers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cotton Batting Mfg.
Cotton Waste Mfg.
Felt Mfg. - Unwoven
Hatters' Fur Processing
Padding And Upholstery Filling Mfg.
Processed Waste And Recovered Fibers And Flock
Mfg.
Shoddy Mfg.
Sisal Garneting
Weather Stripping Mfg. - Felt
Wool Reworking
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CLASSIFICATIONS
132 SPINNING OR WEAVING.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Silk Spinning And Weaving
Carbonizing Of Hair Or Wool
Carding Of Fibers
Carpet Mfg.
Chenille Products Weaving
Combing Of Fibers
Cordage Mfg., Including Fiber Preparation
Cotton Gin Operation
Cotton Spinning And Weaving
Curled Hair Mfg.
Felt Mfg. - Woven
Fiber Preparation For Spinning Or Weaving
Flax Spinning And Weaving
Fur Mfg. - Synthetic
Gilling Of Fibers
Hackling Of Fibers
Hair Processing (Excluding Dehairing Or WigMaking)
Hemp Spinning And Weaving
Jute Spinning And Weaving
Label Mfg., Woven Labels
Linen Cloth Weaving
Linen Thread Mfg.
Mop Head Mfg., From Cotton Waste, No Other
Operations
Moss Ginning
Narrow Fabric Mill - Cotton, Wool, Silk Or ManMade Fibers
Nylon Spinning And Weaving
Opening Of Fibers
Paper Twine Mfg.
Picking Of Fibers
Pipe Cleaner Mfg.
Plush Or Velvet Mfg.
Rayon Spinning And Weaving
Ribbon Mfg., Textile Fabrics
Rope Mfg., Including Fiber Preparation
Rug Mfg.
Scouring Of Natural Or Synthetic Fibers
Separating Of Natural Or Synthetic Fibers
Silk Spinning And Weaving
Silk Thread Or Yarn Mfg.
Silk Throwing And Weaving
Spinning Of Fibers
Textile Weaving
Thread Mill
Tire Cord And Fabric Mfg.
Twine Mfg., Including Fiber Preparation
Velvet Mfg.
Weaving Of Textile Fibers
Webbing Mfg.
Wire Cloth Weaving (Wire Drawing To Be
Separately Rated By Code 406, Rolling Mill,
N.O.C.)
Wool Combing Or Scouring
Wool Spinning And Weaving
Woven Carpet And Rug Mfg.
Yarn Mfg. - Wool
Yarn Mill, Wool, Including Carpet And Rug Yarn
Yarn Or Thread Mfg. - Cotton
Yarn Spinning Mill, Cotton, Man-Made Fibers And
Silk
Yarn Throwing, Twisting, And Winding Mill, Cotton,
Man-Made Fibers And Silk
134 KNIT GOODS MFG.
Applies to the knitting of yarn into cloth or fabric and the dyeing and/or finishing of the knitted fabric by the
knitting mill. Subsequent manufacturing of clothing or non-apparel textile products shall be assigned to
either Code 161 or to Code 163, respectively, when performed by a separate crew of employees in a
physically separate work area.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Braid And Fringe Mfg.
Glove Mfg. - Knit
Knit Glove Mfg.
Knit Goods Mfg., N.O.C.
Lace Mfg.
Necktie Mfg., Knitted
135 HOSIERY MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Hosiery Dyeing
Hosiery Finishing
Hosiery Mfg.
Knitting Mill, Hosiery
136 EMBROIDERY MFG.
Includes quilted cloth manufacturing for garment and household furnishing. Payroll developed in mattress
or box spring manufacturing shall be classified by Code 165.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Emblem Mfg.
Embroidery Mfg.
Pleating, Stitching Or Tucking - Dress Fabrics Or
Trimmings - Not Clothing Mfg.
Quilted Cloth Manufacturing Contractor - For
Garments Or Household Furnishings
Trimmings Mfg., Fancy Trimmings Or Piping, Not
Manufacturing Binding, Tape Or Ribbon
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CLASSIFICATIONS
139 DYEING, Mercerizing, Bleaching, Printing, Coating or Finishing New Goods – excluding hosiery
finishing, rubber or resin coating and oil-cloth manufacturing which are separately rated as provided for in
this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bleaching, Fabrics
Cloth Printing
Coating New Fabrics, Except Rubberized Fabrics
Or Oilcloth
Dyeing
Fabric Coating, N.O.C.
Feather Dyeing
Finisher Of Broad Woven Fabrics
Finishing New Textile Goods
Impregnated Fabrics Mfg.
Machine-Painting Shade Cloth
Mercerizing Of New Goods
Printing Of Fabrics
Textile Bleaching And Dyeing
Textile Printing
Typewriter Ribbon Mfg.
Yarn Dyeing Or Finishing
141 LAUNDRY, N.O.C.
Includes businesses principally engaged in cleaning carpets and upholstered furniture on customers’
premises. Assign Code 971 to incidental carpet and upholstered furniture cleaning by a commercial or
industrial building cleaning contractor. Assign Code 882 to incidental carpet and upholstered furniture
cleaning by a house cleaning contractor.
Also includes payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons
and/or route supervisors performing the pick-up of items to be laundered or cleaned and the delivery of the
items after laundering or cleaning.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 928 to separately-staffed receiving, collecting or distributing stations with no
laundering at the same or contiguous locations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carpet And Rug Cleaning And Storage
Carpet Cleaning On Customers' Premises
Diaper Service - Laundry
Furniture Cleaning Or Polishing On Customers'
Premises
Industrial Launderer
Infant Wear Service Laundry
Launderer, Industrial
Laundry Collection By Launderer
Laundry, Hand
Laundry, N.O.C.
Linen Supply Service Including Laundering
Rug And Carpet Cleaning And Storage
Towel Supply Service Including Laundering
Uniform Supply Service Including Laundering
Upholstery Cleaning On Customers' Premises
142 DRY CLEANING PLANT
Receiving, collecting or distributing stations that are separately staffed and with no dry cleaning at the
same or contiguous location shall be assigned to Code 928.
Includes primarily risks engaged in dry cleaning or dyeing apparel and household fabrics other than rugs
(see Code 141). Establishments dyeing fabrics for the trade are classified by Code 139.
Also includes payroll developed by employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons
and/or route supervisors performing the pick-up of items to be laundered or cleaned and the delivery of the
items after laundering or cleaning.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cleaning And Dyeing, Except Rug Cleaning By Dry
Cleaner
Cloth Sponging (Shrinking), Inspection Or Mending
- By Specialist Contractor
Drapery Dry Cleaning Plant
Dry Cleaning Plant, Except Rug Cleaning
Dyeing And Cleaning, Except Rug Cleaning By Dry
Cleaner
Feather Washing, Steaming, Cleaning And
Renovating
Fur Clothing - Cleaning, Tumbling, Glazing,
Combing And Ironing
Laundry Collection By Dry Cleaner
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CLASSIFICATIONS
161 APPAREL MFG.
Restricted to the manufacture of wearing apparel from woven or knit fabrics, related materials such as
leather or rubber or resin coated fabrics.
The manufacture of yarn into knitted cloth or fabric shall be assigned to Code 134 when performed by a
separate group of employees in a physically separate department. If there is no separation, all payroll shall
be assigned to Code 134.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Academic Costumes Mfg. - Caps And Gowns
Apparel Mfg.
Bathing Suit Mfg. - Knitting To Be Separately Rated
Belt Mfg. - Cloth - Wearing Apparel Only - No
Buckles, Webbing Or Leather Parts Mfg.
Beret Mfg.
Burial Garment Mfg.
Cap Mfg. - Graduation Caps And Gowns
Cap Mfg. - Headwear
Cloth Cutting By Contractor - Garment Fabrics
Clothing Mfg.
Coat - Front Or Interlining Mfg.
Collar Mfg.
Costume Mfg. - Masquerade Or Theatrical
Diaper Mfg. - Cloth
Dress Mfg.
Front Or Interlining Mfg. - Coat
Fur Clothing Mfg. (Preparation Of Skins To Be
Separately Rated)
Fur Plate Mfg.
Fur Pointing
Garment Sewing Contractor
Glove Lining Mfg.
Glove Mfg., Except Fire Resistant, Industrial Use,
Knit Or Rubber
Handkerchief Mfg.
Hat Frame Mfg., Ladies
Hat Lining Mfg.
Hat Mfg., Felt
Hat Mfg., N.O.C.
Insulated Clothing Mfg. - Thermal Type
Leather Clothing Mfg.
Lingerie Mfg.
Lining Mfg. - Hat
Linings, Sewing Into Coats By Hand
Mask Mfg. - Costume - Cloth
Millinery And Straw Hat Mfg.
Millinery Mfg., Felt
Nailhead Ornamentation Attaching Nailheads Or
Similar Articles To Textile Fabrics By Means Of
Foot Presses
Necktie Mfg., From Fabric
Raincoat And Other Waterproof Outer Garments
Mfg.
Robe And Dressing Gown Mfg.
Rubber Garment Mfg., No Rubber Mill
Sewing Contractor - Garment
Sewing, Hand
Shoulder Pad Or Coat Front Mfg.
Shoulder Strap For Lingerie Mfg. - Fabric
Shower Cap Mfg. - Plastic
Suede Clothing Mfg.
Suit, Skirt, And Coat Mfg.
Suspender Mfg. - No Buckles, Webbing Or Leather
Parts Mfg.
Textile Mending, Invisible Weaving Of Wearing
Apparel
Tie Mfg. - Neckwear
Uniform Mfg.
Vestment Mfg.
Women's, Misses', And Juniors' Outerwear Mfg.,
N.O.C.
Women's, Misses', Children's, And Infants'
Underwear And Nightwear Mfg.
Work Clothing Mfg.
163 TEXTILE PRODUCTS MFG., N.O.C.
Contemplates sewn non-apparel textile products including products made from soft textile type plastics
such as vinyls.
The manufacture of yarn into cloth or fabric shall be separately classified as provided in this Manual.
Separately rate the installation, removal or repair of furnishing goods to Code 670.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 13
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Accordion Door Mfg. - Fabric Or Plastic - No
Woodworking
Air Conditioner Cover Mfg.
Baby Blanket, Crib Linen Mfg.
Ball Mfg. - Sporting Goods - Inflatable Plastic Beach
Type
Banner Mfg.
Bedding Mfg. - Blanket, Sheet, Pillowcase
Bedspread Mfg.
Belt Mfg. - Industrial Use - From Premanufactured
Textile Fabric
Bias Bindings Mfg.
Bindings Mfg. - Bias And Straight
Blanket Mfg.
Blanket, Sheet, Pillowcase - Bedding Mfg.
Buffing And Polishing Wheel Mfg. - Made From
Cloth - No Metal Parts
Bunting Mfg., Shop Only
Casket Or Coffin Lining Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or
Upholstery Work
Chenille Products Mfg. From Chenille Cloth
Coffin Or Casket Lining Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or
Upholstery Work
Comforter Or Quilt Mfg.
Cover Mfg. - Air Conditioner
Curtain Mfg.
Door Mfg., Accordion - Plastic Or Fabric - No
Woodworking
Drapery Or Curtain Mfg.
Feather Assembly - Sewn, On Wire Frames
Decorated For Costumes/Band Plumes
Feather Pillow Mfg.
Flag Mfg., Shop Only
Furnishing Goods Mfg. - Not Canvas Or Burlap
Hammock Mfg.
Heating Pad Mfg. - Fabric Covering Only
House Furnishings Mfg. - From Textile Fabrics
Household Linens, Bedspreads, Towels, Drapes
Mfg.
Kite Mfg.
Lamp Shade Mfg. (Excluding Frame Manufacturing)
Linen Mfg. - House Furnishings
CLASSIFICATIONS
Lining For Casket Interiors Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or
Upholstery Work
Measuring Tape Mfg. - Cloth - Sewing Type
Mosquito Netting - No Mfg. Of Net
Napkin Mfg. - Cloth
Netting - Mosquito - No Mfg. Of Net
Pennant Mfg.
Pillow Cover Mfg.
Pillow Mfg.
Polishing Cloth Mfg.
Polishing Wheel Mfg. - Cloth Or Felt - No Metal
Parts
Pool Mfg. - Swimming - Inflatable Kiddie-Type
Pools
Quilt Or Comforter Mfg.
Roller Mfg. - Covered Sleeves Only
Safety Belt Mfg. - Automobile - No Hardware Mfg.
Scenery - Theatrical - Curtain And Drapery Mfg.
Shoe Ornament Mfg. - Fabric
Shoe Shining Or Polishing Cloth Mfg.
Shower Curtain Mfg. - Cloth, Plastic, Vinyl
Sleeping Bag Mfg.
Slipcover Mfg.
Stage Scenery - Theatrical - Curtain And Drapery
Mfg.
Stuffed Toy Mfg. - Cloth
Table Cloth Mfg.
Table Pad Mfg. - From Cardboard And Fabric
Tape Mfg. - Mending - Fabric
Theatrical Scenery - Curtain And Drapery Mfg.
Towel Mfg., Textile Fabrics (Except For
Disposable Towel Mfg.)
Toy Mfg. - Stuffed Animals Or Other Cloth Stuffed
Toys
Umbrella Mfg.
Wheel Mfg. - Cloth - Buffing And Polishing - No
Metal Parts
Wig Mfg. - Synthetic Materials
Window Shade Mfg. - No Roller Mfg.
165 MATTRESS or BOX SPRING MFG.
The manufacture of wire springs shall be classified by Code 457 provided such operations are conducted
by a separate crew of employees in a physically separate department.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Mattress Mfg.
166 CANVAS or BURLAP PRODUCTS MFG.
Includes manufacturing or repairing bags made from textile cloth or fabric.
Separately rate the installation, removal or repair of awnings, tents or other canvas products away from
the shop to Code 681.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Convertible Top Mfg. - Fabric Or Vinyl,
No Installation
Automobile Seat Cover Mfg. - No Installation
Awning Mfg. - Cloth
Awning Or Tent Mfg.
Bag Mfg. - Fabric Or Bulk Materials
Bag Renovating, Textile Fabrics
Burlap Goods Mfg.
Canvas Products Mfg.
Cloth Bag Mfg.
CLASSIFICATIONS
Cloth Bag Repairing
Furnishing Goods Mfg. - Canvas Or Burlap
Knapsack Mfg.
Life Jacket Or Preserver Mfg.
Parachute Mfg. (Hardware Mfg. To Be Separately
Rated)
Sail Making
Sporting Goods - Knapsack Mfg.
Tent Mfg.
Textile Bag Mfg. - Canvas Or Burlap
185 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary FOOD SUNDRIES MFG., N.O.C. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 104.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. Staff
Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
Temporary Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. Staff
187 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary CANDY, Chocolates or Chewing Gum
MFG. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 107.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Candy, Chocolate Or Chewing Gum Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Candy, Chocolate Or Chewing Gum Mfg. Staff
Temporary Candy, Chocolate Or Chewing Gum Mfg. Staff
189 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary PRESERVING OR CANNING of Food
Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 113.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Canning Or Preserving - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Staff - Preserving Or Canning Of Food
Preserving Or Canning Of Food - Temporary Staff
Temporary Staff, Preserving Or Canning Of Food
191 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary APPAREL MFG. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 161.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Apparel Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Apparel Mfg. Staff
Temporary Apparel Mfg. Staff
201 TANNING and Leather Dressing.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Degreasing Skins
Fur Dressing Or Dyeing
Leather Dealer
Leather Dressing
Leather Finishing
Leather Tanning
Sheepskin Pickling
Tanning, Leather
Wool Pulling
204 SHOE MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boot And Shoe Mfg.
Counter, Heel And Sole Mfg. - Leather
Footwear Mfg. - Not Rubber
House Slippers Mfg.
Shoe Findings Mfg.
Shoe Mfg.
Shoe Repairing
Shoe Stock Mfg., No Tanning Or Leather Dressing
Slipper Mfg.
205 LEATHER GOODS MFG., N.O.C.
Includes the manufacture of handbags, purses, wallets, dog collars, leashes, straps, belts, etc. from
leather, simulated leather or vinyl sheet.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bag Mfg., Traveling
Baseball Mfg.
Basketball Mfg.
Dog Collar Mfg.
Football Mfg.
Glove Mfg., Including Baseball, Boxing, Handball
Or Punching Bag Glove (Except Rubber Gloves)
Handbag, Mfg. - From All Materials
Harness Or Saddle Mfg.
Leash Mfg.
Leather Belting Mfg.
Leather Embossing
Leather Goods Mfg., N.O.C. (See Also Gloves,
Hats, Shoes)
Leather Skiving
Luggage Mfg., Excluding Trunks
Medicine Ball Mfg.
Personal Leather Goods Mfg.
Pocketbook Mfg. - From All Materials
Purse Mfg. - From All Materials
Saddle Mfg.
Strap Mfg. - From Leather, Simulated Leather Or
Plastic
Volleyball Mfg.
Wallet Mfg.
Women's Handbag Or Purse Mfg.
221 PLASTIC Articles MFG., INJECTION MOLDING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Injection Molding Of Plastics
Plastic Articles Mfg., Injection Molding
222 PLASTIC Articles MFG., N.O.C.
Applicable to plastic molding businesses principally engaged in the molding of any plastic product by any
plastic molding technique except for plastic molding businesses principally engaged in injection molding
which is assigned to Code 221 or businesses principally engaged in molding plastic composite products
which is assigned to Code 227.
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Marble Products Mfg.
Bag Mfg. - Plastic
Cable Mfg. - Insulated Electrical - Wire Drawing To
Be Separately Rated
Hose Mfg. - Plastic
Marble Products Mfg. – Artificial
Molding, Plastic - Of Any Product By Any Molding
Technique Other Than Injection Molding
Pipe Mfg. - Plastic
Plastic Articles Mfg., N.O.C.
CLASSIFICATIONS
Plastic Bag Mfg.
Plastic Mfg., Sheets And Rods
Plastic, Molded Products Mfg. N.O.C.
Polyurethane Foam Products Mfg.
Vanity Mfg. - Resin Poured Or Cast Type/Artificial
Marble Product
Wire Insulating - Includes Incidental Wire Stranding Wire Drawing To Be Separately Rated
225 RUBBER GOODS or Tire MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Balloon Mfg. - Rubber - Advertising And Toy
Bathing Cap Mfg. - Rubber
Boot And Shoe Mfg. - Rubber
Bottle Mfg. - Rubber
Elastic Mfg.
Eraser Mfg.
Fabrics, Rubberized
Foam Rubber Mfg.
Footwear Mfg. - Rubber
Gasket Mfg. - Rubber
Glove Mfg. - Rubber
Heel Mfg. - Rubber
Hose Mfg. - Rubber
Latex, Foamed Mfg.
Life Jacket Mfg. - Inflatable Rubberized Fabric
Life Raft Mfg. - Rubber
Printers' Roller Mfg.
Reclaiming Rubber
Rubber Band Mfg.
Rubber Products Mfg., N.O.C.
Rubber Reclaiming
Rubber Tire Mfg.
Rubber Tire Retreading
Rubberized Fabrics Mfg.
Sheeting - Rubber Or Rubberized Fabric
Sponge Rubber And Sponge Rubber Products Mfg.
Stopper Mfg. - Rubber
Tire And Inner Tube Mfg.
Tire Recapping Or Retreading
Toy Mfg. - Rubber
Tubing - Rubber
Vulcanized Rubber Products Mfg.
Wet Suit Mfg. - Rubber
Wire Insulating - Rubber
227 OILCLOTH, Linoleum and Cork Carpet MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Leather Mfg.
Coating New Fabrics, Rubberized Or Oilcloth
Cork Carpet Mfg.
Fiberglass (A Fibrous Glass And Resin Composite)
Mfg.
Leather (Imitation) Mfg.
Linoleum Mfg.
Metallizing Of Fabrics
Oilcloth Mfg.
Plastic Composite Products Molding
Resin Coated Fabric Mfg.
Rubber Coating
Silo Mfg. - Fiberglass, Shop Only
Waxing Of Cloth
Yarn, Plastic Coated - Made From Purchased Yarn
PAPER AND PAPER GOODS MFG. AND PRINTING
255 PAPER or Pulp MFG. – all kinds
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Abrasive Paper Or Cloth Preparation
Bark Peeling, In Paper Mill
Building And Roofing Paper Mfg.
Building Paper Mfg.
Cardboard Mfg.
Emery Cloth Mfg.
Fiber (Paper) Products Mfg.
Fiber Mfg.
Fiberboard Mfg.
Paper Coating And Glazing - By Paper Mill
Paper Finishing - By Paper Mill
Paper Mfg.
Paper Mill
Particle Board Mfg.
Photographic Film And Dry Plate Mfg.
Pipe Mfg., Fiber
Pulp (Paper) Mfg.
Roofing Paper Or Roofing Felt Mfg.
Sandpaper Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
257 PAPER PRODUCTS MFG., N.O.C.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the manufacture of one or more converted paper products
that are not otherwise classified by either Code 261, 263 or 265. These products include but are not
necessarily limited to: folding and/or set-up/rigid boxes, paper towels, products made from tissue paper,
paper cups or plates, holiday or party decorations, party favors, mailing tubes, paper cans and paper
sheeting, slitting or winding. Any printing conducted by a paper products manufacturing not otherwise
classified (Code 257) business on its products is incident to such enterprise and is not subject to separate
classification.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
There shall be no payroll division between Code 257 and Code 281 unless the employer fulfills the
multiple enterprises criteria delineated in Rule IV, Paragraph C. 3.a 2.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Filter Mfg. - All Types
Bed Underpads - Disposable
Box Mfg. - Paper - Set-Up, Rigid Or Folding (NonCorrugated)
Box Or Container Cardboard Partitions Mfg.
Box Partitions Mfg.
Can Mfg. - Paper
Cardboard Or Paper Mailing Tube Mfg.
Coffee Pot Filter Mfg. - Paper
Cup Or Plate Mfg. - Paper
Diaper Mfg. - Disposable
Die Cutting - Paper, Paperboard Or Cardboard - By
Specialist Contractor
Disposable Diaper Mfg.
Disposable Towel Mfg.
Drinking Straw Mfg. - Paper
Fiber Drum Mfg.
Filter Mfg. - Air - All Types
Folding Cardboard Or Paperboard Box Mfg.
Garland Mfg.
Holiday Decorations Mfg. - Paper Or Plastic
Mailing Tube Mfg.
Match Mfg. - Paper
Napkin Mfg. - Paper
Paper Bag Mfg.
Paper Box Mfg. - Set-Up, Rigid Or Folding (NonCorrugated)
Paper Cup, Dish Or Plate Mfg.
Paper Hat Mfg. - All Types
Paper Or Cardboard Mailing Tube Mfg.
Paper Or Foil Goods Mfg.
Paper Products Mfg., N.O.C.
Paper Sheeting, Slitting Or Winding
Paper Towel Mfg.
Papier-mâché Goods Mfg.
Partitions (Cardboard) Mfg. - For Boxes Or
Containers
Party Decorations Or Favors Mfg.
Rigid/Set-Up Paper Box Mfg.
Sanitary Napkin Mfg.
Set-up Paperboard Box Mfg.
Tinsel Mfg.
Tissue Paper Products Mfg. - Facial Or Toilet
Towel Mfg. - Paper Or Disposable
Tubes Or Cores Mfg. - Paper
Underpads Mfg. - Bed - Disposable
261 CORRUGATED Paper And/Or Corrugated BOX OR CONTAINER MFG.
Applicable to a business principally engaged in the corrugating of paper and/or the manufacture of boxes
or containers from corrugated paper. The employer receives paper that will be corrugated as an integral
part of the employer’s manufacturing process or the employer receives paper corrugated by and
purchased from an unrelated source. Corrugation involves paper being slowly passed over a steam or gas
heated metal drum, then revolved around a roll covered with silicate of soda which is deposited on the tips
of the corrugation. The paper is then moved along until it reaches the paper liner (either a single or double
facing), then the corrugated paper and the liner(s) travel under pressure where they are combined and
dried. Also applicable to the manufacture of fiberboard boxes or containers. Printing by a corrugated box
or container manufacturer on its box or container products is construed to be incident to the corrugated box
or container enterprise and is not subject to separate classification.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Assign Code 255 to separate staff in a physically separate work area engaged in paper manufacturing.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Box Or Container Mfg. - Corrugated
Container Mfg. - Corrugated
Corrugated Paper And/Or Corrugated Products Mfg.
Fiberboard Box Or Container Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
263 PAPER COATING/FINISHING – By Contractor
Applicable to a business principally engaged in operations involving various types of coatings which are
mixed in mixers or agitators and run into troughs of coating machines. Rolls of paper, plastic film or other
materials (except rubber or textile fabric) are coated as they pass over the rolls revolving through this
mixture. The paper, plastic film or other materials are dried on rolls or stacks, some may be polished or
embossed, finished by calendaring, slit to desired widths and rewound or sheeted to size, then labeled
and packed. Products may be printed with advertising material before the coating or on the reverse side,
after this operation. In the manufacture of oiled, paraffined or waxed paper the waxes or oils are heated
and mixed, and paper is run through a waxing machine and over a drying roll. The now waxed paper is
then cut, slit, rewound on spools or sheeted or die-cut, wrapped and packed. Laminated paper, plastic film
or other materials are produced by feeding a paste or glue between layers of paper, plastic film or other
materials, pressing the layers together, drying and finishing by winding into rolls or sheeting to size, or else
cutting, slitting or die cutting to size and shape, wrapping and tying into bundles. Printing by a paper
coating/finishing business on its products is incident to the paper coating/finishing enterprise and is not
subject to separate classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carbon Paper Mfg.
Coating And/Or Glazing Of Paper Or Plastic - By
Specialist Contractor
Laminating – Paper – By Contractor
Paper Finishing - By Specialist Contractor
Paper Laminating - By Contractor
Pressure-Sensitive Labels Or Paper Mfg.
Waxed Paper Mfg. - Coating Paper With Wax - No
Paper Mfg.
265 STATIONERY PRODUCTS MFG.
Applicable to a business principally engaged in the manufacture of stationery, loose-leaf ledgers or
notebooks. Cardboard, binders’ cloth, leather or imitation leather, canvas, paper, glue, paste, gold leaf,
printing and ruling ink, metal rings, posts, screws, separators or fittings are received from unrelated
businesses. Cardboard is cut to size and covered with leather, imitation leather or cloth by gluing, pasting
and some sewing. Covers are reinforced by stripping and may be embossed in ink or gold leaf and the
appropriate fittings are attached to complete the binder. Fillers for binders are manufactured from paper,
which is cut to size on either manual or power cutters. Also includes but is not necessarily limited to the
making of envelopes, writing tablets or pads, file folders, file jackets, desk pads and index cards. Paper
ruling, silk screening or other printing on the products assignable to this class by the product’s
manufacturer is incident to the stationery products enterprise and not subject to separate classification.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
The manufacture of metal rings, posts, screws, separators or fittings shall be assigned to the appropriate
metal working class.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Binder Mfg., Ringed
Coin Wrapper Or Currency Strap Mfg.
Computer Paper Mfg. (No Paper Mfg.)
Desk Calendar Mfg.
Envelope Mfg.
File Folder Mfg.
File Jacket Mfg.
Index Card Mfg.
Loose-Leaf Binder Or Ledger Mfg.
Notebook Mfg. (No Paper Mfg.) - All Types
Notepad Mfg.
Paper Rolls For Office Machines Or Cash Registers
Mfg.
Ringed Binder Mfg.
Stationery Products Mfg.
Writing Tablet Mfg. (No Paper Mfg.)
275 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary PLASTICS Articles MFG. – INJECTION
MOLDING Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 221.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg. - Injection Molding Staff
Plastic Articles Mfg. - Injection Molding - Temporary Staff
Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg. - Injection Molding Staff
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CLASSIFICATIONS
276 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary PLASTICS Articles MFG. – N.O.C. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 222.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg., N.O.C. Staff
Plastic Articles Mfg., N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg., N.O.C. Staff
281 PRINTING, N.O.C.
Applicable to printing businesses principally engaged in the reproduction of one or more printed products
or providing printing industry services pursuant to a Code 281 Underwriting Guide entry or printed products
that are not specifically classified by an Underwriting Guide entry. Also includes the bindery department
that finishes the employer’s print production. Finishing may include but is not necessarily limited to:
collating, cutting to size including die cutting, scoring and perforating, rounding corners, tab cutting, folding,
drilling or punching holes, stapling, sewing, wire stitching, gluing – perfect binding, laminating, foil stamping
or embossing.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
(Businesses principally engaged in one or more of the following activities)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
The screen printing of any product including finished apparel articles
Web-press production of printed product either specifically assigned to Code 281 or not specifically
classified by an Underwriting Guide entry (e.g., books, business forms, direct mail advertising)
Service contractors to the printing industry (e.g., printers’ finishers)
Specialist contractors decorating china or glassware by means of purchased or customer-provided
decals, the cutting or engraving of glassware, engraving per se or making printing plates
The manufacture of plastic or vinyl sign letters and the application of such onto a substrate – shop
only, no installation
The manufacture of rubber stamps
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Assign Code 136 to embroidery operations performed by a separate staff in a physically separate
work area.
Assign Code 265 to a manufacturer of stationery products including but not necessarily limited to
loose-leaf or ringed binders, envelopes, notebooks or file folders.
Assign Code 282 to a newspaper or periodical publisher who also prints the newspaper or periodical
or to a contract printer principally engaged in printing any product(s) denoted in a Code 282 Underwriting Guide entry by means of a web press(es).
Assign Code 285 to printing businesses principally engaged in providing customer copy reproduction
by means of sheet-fed offset printing presses utilizing paper sheet sizes greater than 17 x 22 inches or
that have four or more color towers regardless of the paper sheets' size or any Halm envelope printing
unit or another sheet-fed unit/printing technique (e.g., letterpress) on paper sheets of any size.
Assign Code 932 to printing businesses principally engaged in providing customer copy reproduction
by means of small offset presses, also known as duplicators, on paper sheet sizes 17 x 22 inches or
less or electrostatic (photo) copiers on paper sheets of any size.
Assign Code 948 to a business that performs printing and direct mailing provided that more than 50
percent of the print production is used as direct mail.
Code 281 and another printing class (or Codes 257, 261, 263, 265 or 948) will not be assigned to any
printing business unless that business fulfills the multiple enterprise criteria specified in Rule IV,
Paragraph C. 3. a. 2.
Code 281 may not be assigned when printing operations are a General Inclusion into the business’
governing classification.
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 20
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Book Printing By Web Press - By Publisher Or
Contractor
Bookbinding Or Rebinding - By Specialist
Contractor
Bottle Cap Printing
Business Forms Printing - By Web Press
Chemical Etching - By Specialist Contractor
China Decorating - By Specialist Contractor With
No China Mfg.
Cigar Band, Printing
Coin Wrapper, Printing - By Specialist Contractor
Dress Pattern Printing
Electrotyping - By Specialist Contractor
Engraving - By Specialist Contractor
Etching (By Chemical Method) By Specialist
Contractor
Glass Products Decorating Or Engraving By
Specialist Contractor
Greeting Card Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
Label (Pressure-Sensitive) Printing By Web Press By Specialist Contractor
Paper Dress Pattern Printing
CLASSIFICATIONS
Pattern (Dress) Printing - Paper
Photoengraving - By Specialist Contractor
Plastic Sign Letters Mfg. - Shop Only
Playing Cards Mfg.
Pressure-Sensitive Label Printing By Web Press By Specialist Contractor
Printers' Finisher - By Specialist Contractor
Printing - Books Or Greeting Cards - By Publisher
Or Contractor
Printing Plate Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor
Printing, N.O.C.
Rubber Stamp Mfg.
Screen Printing (Including Finished Textile Articles)
- By Specialist Contractor
Stereotyping - By Specialist Contractor
Tag Printing
Vinyl Sign Letters Mfg. - Electronically Scored Shop Only
Wallpaper Printing (Paper Mfg. To Be Separately
Rated)
282 NEWSPAPER or Periodical PRINTING – By Publisher Or Contract Printer
Applicable to businesses principally engaged as a newspaper(s) publisher or the publisher of another type
of publication(s)/intellectual property assigned to Code 282 by Underwriting Guide entry who also prints the
newspaper(s) or other publication(s)/intellectual property. Also applicable to printing businesses principally
engaged in printing newspapers or another publication(s)/intellectual property specifically assigned to
Code 282 by an Underwriting Guide entry for unrelated customers. The newspaper(s) or other type(s) of
publication(s)/intellectual property will be printed by means of a web press(es) regardless of whether the
publisher or a contract printer performs the printing.
1.
2.
A newspaper’s pages may be cut, collated and folded by the web press. Inserts may be placed
into the newspaper by inserting machine or by hand. The newspapers may be tied into bundles
and delivered either by the publisher and/or contract printer.
A periodical may be finished by performing one or more of the tasks listed below: collating, cutting
to size including die cutting, scoring and perforating, rounding corners, tab cutting, folding and
gluing – perfect binding. The periodical publisher and/or contract printer may further mail the
periodical to subscribers.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Code 282 and another printing class will not be assigned to any publishing and/or printing business
unless that business fulfills the multiple enterprise criteria specified in Rule IV, Paragraph C. 3. a. 2.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Catalogue Printing By Publisher Or Contract Printer
Comic Book Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
Magazine Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
Newspaper Inserts (e.g., Advertising, Sunday
Comics, Sunday Magazines) Printing By
Publisher Or Contractor
Newspaper Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
Periodical Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
Statistical Report Printing By Publisher Or
Contractor
Telephone Book Printing By Publisher Or
Contractor
Trade Journal Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 21
CLASSIFICATIONS
285 PRINTING – Principally SHEET-FED PRESS Production
Applicable to printing businesses principally engaged in providing customer copy reproduction by means of
sheet-fed offset printing presses utilizing paper sheet sizes greater than 17 x 22 inches or that have four or
more color towers regardless of the paper sheets’ size or any Halm envelope printing unit or another
sheet-fed press printing technique (e.g., letterpress) on paper sheets of any size. Also includes the
bindery department that finishes the employer’s print production. Finishing may include but is not
necessarily limited to: collating, cutting to size including die cutting, scoring and perforating, rounding
corners, tab cutting, folding, drilling or punching holes, stapling, sewing, wire stitching, gluing – perfect
binding, laminating, foil stamping or embossing.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 281 to printing businesses principally engaged in providing customer copy
reproduction of printed products or providing printing industry services pursuant to a Code 281
Underwriting Guide entry or that are not specifically classified by an Underwriting Guide entry.
Assign Code 932 to printing businesses principally engaged in providing customer copy
reproduction by means of small offset presses, also known as duplicators, on paper sheets sized
17 x 22 inches or less or electrostatic (photo) copiers on paper sheets of any size.
Code 285 and another printing class will not be assigned to any printing business unless that
business fulfills the multiple enterprise criteria specified in Rule IV, Paragraph C. 3. a. 2.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Printing - Principally Sheet-Fed Press Production (Of Any Printed Product)
291 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary PAPER OF PULP MFG. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 255.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Paper Or Pulp Mfg. Staff
Paper Or Pulp Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Temporary Paper Or Pulp Mfg. Staff
297 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary PRINTING Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 281.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Printing Staff
Printing - Temporary Staff
Temporary Printing Staff
WOODWORKING
301 SAWMILL
Includes the grading, sorting, pulling, piling, air or kiln drying, loading and storage of sawmill products.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Subsequent wood products manufacturing operations conducted by a separate crew of
employees in a physically separate department shall be separately classified as provided in this
Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Barking Mill
Kiln Drying Of Lumber - By Sawmill
Sawmill
Snow Fence Mfg., Cutting Lath From Logs
Wood Chips Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
305 CARPENTRY SHOP, including Planing Mill
Includes but is not necessarily limited to the manufacture of sash, door, assembled millwork, pallets or
wood trusses.
Separately rate erection work as provided for in this Manual.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 301 to sawmill operations.
Assign Code 306 to a business principally engaged in making woodenware products N.O.C. as
defined in this Manual.
Assign Code 855 to the operation of a physically separate and separately-staffed lumber and/or
building material dealer on the premises of a carpentry shop that fulfills the multiple enterprise
criteria discussed in Rule IV, C. 3. a. 2., Section 1 of this Manual.
Assign Code 935 to the operation of a physically separate and separately-staffed retail store on
the premises of a lumber and/or building materials dealer and carpentry shop that also fulfills the
multiple enterprise criteria discussed in Rule IV, C. 3. a. 2., Section 1 of the Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Assembled Millwork Mfg.
Bark Peeling In Veneer Mill
Barrel Dealer, Including Repairing - Wood
Barrel Stock Mfg., No Sawmill Work
Basket Mfg. - Veneer
Box Or Box Shook Mfg.
Building Mfg., Portable - Wood
Carpentry Shop
Contract Packaging - Crating - In Shop
Cooper
Crate Mfg. - Wood
Door Frame And Sash Mfg. - Wood
Door Mfg. - Wood
Fence Mfg. - Wood, Shop Only
Flooring Mfg. - Wood
Furniture Stock Mfg. - Non-Turned - By Specialist
Contractor
Hardwood Dimension And Flooring Mill, No Sawmill
Operation
Keg Mfg. - Wood
Laminated Wood Building Beam And Column Mfg.
Last Block Mfg.
Millwork Plant
Modular Home Mfg.
Packaging, Contract - Crating - In Shop
Packing Case Mfg.
Pallet Mfg.
Panel Mfg. - Soft Wood Or Plywood
Planing Mill
Plywood Container Mfg.
Plywood Mfg., Including Veneer Mfg.
Porch Enclosure Mfg.
Prefabricated Building Mfg. - Wood, Shop Work
Railing Or Stair Mfg. - Wood
Sash Mfg. - Wood
Sash, Door Or Assembled Millwork Mfg.
Shingle Mfg. - Wood, Including In Shop Staining
Shingle Staining, In Shop, No Off-Premises Work
Shook Mfg.
Shuttle Mfg.
Silo Mfg. - Wood, Shop Only
Staircase And Stair Mfg. - Wood
Stave Mfg. - Wood
Structural Members, Laminated Wood - Arches,
Trusses, Timbers
Tank Building - Wood, Shop Only
Trellis Mfg. - Wood
Truss Mfg. - Wood
Veneer Container Mfg.
Veneer Mfg.
Wirebound Box And Crate Mfg.
Wood Floor Mfg.
Wooden Barrel Mfg.
Wooden Box Mfg., Except Cigar Boxes
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CLASSIFICATIONS
306 WOODENWARE MFG., N.O.C.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Axe Handle Mfg.
Bird House Or Feeder Mfg. - Wood
Bowling Pin Mfg. - Wood
Brush Mfg.
Cane Mfg.
Coat Hanger Mfg. - Wood
Cork Products Mfg.
Crutches Mfg. - Wood
Dowel Mfg. - Wood
Furniture Turned Stock Mfg. - By Specialist
Contractor
--Gunstock Mfg., Finished Or Unfinished Shapes
Handle Mfg. - Wood
Hat Block Mfg. - Wood
Ladder Mfg. - Wood
Lath Mfg. - Wood
Lead Pencil Mfg.
Mop Mfg.
Peg Or Skewer Mfg. - Wood
Pencil, Pencil Stock, Penholder, Or Crayon Pencil
Mfg. - Wood
Pipe Mfg., Tobacco - Wooden
Pulley Block Mfg. - Wood
Screen Mfg., Window - Wood
Shade Roller Mfg. - Wood
Sign Or Sign Letter Mfg. - Wood, Shop Only, No
Erection
Ski Mfg. - Wood
Spice, Cutlery Or Wine Racks Mfg. - Wood
Spool Mfg. - Wood
Toothpick Mfg.
Umbrella Handle Mfg. - Wood
Veneer Products Mfg., N.O.C. - No Veneer Mfg.
Window Shade Roller Mfg. - Wood
Wood Tack Strip Mfg.
Wood Turned Products Mfg.
Wooden Frames Or Seats Mfg. - For Furniture
Wooden Tobacco Pipe Mfg.
Woodenware Mfg., N.O.C.
311 CABINET WORKS – with power-driven machinery
Applicable to a business principally engaged in the manufacture of cabinets, cabinet parts or other similar
wood products in which power-driven machinery is used. Many of the products contemplated by this
classification are made to buyers’ or customers’ specifications and require installation.
Typical products included in this classification include but are not necessarily limited to:
Architectural Vanities
Bathroom Vanities
Bookcases
Bulletin Boards
Counter Tops
Display Cases
Kitchen Cabinets
Library Cabinets
Parquet Flooring
Partitions
Picture Frames
Restaurant Booths
Room Dividers
Showcases
Store Counters
Toys – Wood
Walk-In Refrigerators
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Finishing of cabinets, cabinet parts or similar wood products by their manufacturer. The term
finishing means shellacking, staining, painting, lacquering or varnishing or covering with formica,
porcelain or similar materials.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Separately rate installation work by either Code 646 or Code 648 as provided in the Underwriting
Guide.
Assign Code 327 to upholstering operations conducted by a separate employee crew in a
physically separate department.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bookcase Mfg. - Wood
Cabinet Works - Wood - With Power-Driven
Machinery
Counter Top Mfg. - Wood
Exhibit Booth Mfg.
Kiosk Mfg.
Parquet Flooring Mfg. - Hardwood
Picture Frame Mfg. - Wood
Refrigerated Showcase Mfg. - Wood
Room Divider Mfg.
Showcase Mfg. - Wood
Toy Mfg. - Wood
Vanities Mfg. - Wood (Architectural Or Bathroom)
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CLASSIFICATIONS
319 FURNITURE ASSEMBLY
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the assembly of wood, metal or plastic furniture from parts
manufactured by unrelated businesses. Included are all types of home or office furniture such as tables,
chairs, dressers, chests of drawers, bed frames or desks or cabinet-type products. The assembly work is
normally accomplished by means of nails, screws, brackets, glue, dowel pins and clamps. Also includes
the finishing of the assembled products by painting, staining, varnishing, lacquering, shellacking or
covering surfaces with Formica-type materials.
The repair or reconditioning of wood or metal furniture which does not require the manufacture or
fabrication of parts (or whereby the fabrication is not performed by the risk but parts are purchased from
other unrelated risks) shall also be assigned to this classification. The type of operations found here would
involve only tightening loose parts, regluing parts or replacing broken parts, stripping off the old finish and
applying a new finish.
This class further includes payroll developed in the manufacture and finishing of cabinet-type products only
when such products are made without the use of power-driven woodworking machinery. The parts are cut
to size and shape by means of hand tools or portable electric tools and then assembled and put together to
form the completed product.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Upholstering of new or used, repaired or reconditioned furniture by a separate crew in a physically
separate area shall be assigned to Code 327.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Broom Mfg. - Assembling Only - No Woodworking
Coffin Assembly - No Wood Or Metal Working
Furniture Assembly - From Prefabricated Parts Or
Pieces Only - No Woodworking
Furniture Stripping - Incidental To Assembling Or
Refinishing Operations Only
Furniture Stripping, No Woodworking - By
Specialist Contractor
Lamp (Floor Or Table) Assembly Only - No Metal
Or Wood Fabricating
Wreath Assembly - Artificial - Plastic And Fabrics
323 FURNITURE MFG. – Wood
Applicable to employers principally engaged in the manufacturing of individual completed wood furniture
pieces or sets including but not necessarily limited to: bedroom, living room or dining room pieces or sets,
office furniture, billiard tables, console-type audio or television cabinets, pianos or piano cases, juvenile or
nursery furniture, lawn or garden furniture, frames for upholstered furniture, occasional tables, chairs,
desks or wardrobes.
This classification contemplates both the fabrication of the various parts on woodworking machines and the
subsequent assembly of the components into completed furniture. Also included is the finishing by
staining, painting, varnishing, lacquering or polishing. In addition, hardware such as hinges, pulls, locks or
casters may be attached.
Also applies to the repair of furniture when it is necessary to machine new parts as replacements for
damaged or broken parts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 327 to a separate employee crew in a physically separate work area performing
upholstering.
The manufacture of furniture parts which are not assembled into completed furniture or completed
chair or furniture frames by the same employer is assignable to Code 305 for non-turned furniture
parts or to Code 306 for all turned furniture stock.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Billiard Table Mfg.
Cedar Chest Mfg.
Chair Or Chair Frame Mfg. - Wood
Coffin Mfg. - Wood
Fiber Furniture Mfg.
Furniture Assembling - Wood, By A Furniture
Manufacturer, Including Woodworking
Furniture Frame Mfg. - Wood
Furniture Mfg. - Wood
Headboard Mfg. - Wood (Upholstery Work If
Conducted By A Sep. Crew In A Sep. Dept. Shall
Be Separately Rated)
Musical Instrument Mfg. - Wood
CLASSIFICATIONS
Organ Building - Including Installation
Piano Or Player Piano Mfg.
Rattan Or Fiber Furniture Mfg.
Tank, Seat Or Cabinet Mfg. - Toilet - Wood
Trunk Mfg. - Wood
Venetian Blind Mfg. - Wood
Willow Ware Mfg.
Wood Household Or Office Furniture Mfg.
Wooden Coffin Mfg.
Wooden Musical Instruments Mfg.
327 FURNITURE UPHOLSTERING, SHOP only
An upholstering shop’s operations shall include but are not necessarily limited to: fabric cutting and sewing,
spring-up, trimming and the final assembly of the upholstered materials onto the manufactured frame.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Frame manufacturing or frame assembly shall be classified as provide for in this Manual.
Upholstering operations conducted at customers’ locations is assignable to Code 670.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Seat Cover Installation And/Or Seat
Upholstering
Automobile Top Installation, Fabric Or Vinyl
Coffin Or Casket Upholstery Work
Furniture Upholstering
Reupholstering
Upholstering Car Seats
Upholstering Shop Only, No Furniture Assembling
PRIMARY NONFERROUS METAL WORKING
402 SMELTING of nonferrous metals OR hot-dip GALVANIZING
Also includes employers principally engaged in melting nonferrous scrap metal to produce ingots.
Not available for businesses principally engaged in the handling of any ferrous scrap metals. Such
businesses must be assigned to Code 858.
Galvanizing by methods other than the hot-dipping procedure shall be assigned to the classification best
describing the process.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Ingots And Primary Production Shapes
From Bauxite/Alumina
Copper Smelting And Refining, Primary
Galvanizing Works - Hot Dip
Lead Mfg., Red Or White
Lead Sheet, Pipe And Shot Mfg.
Lead Smelting
Lead Smelting And Refining, Primary
Melting Of Nonferrous Scrap Metals
Precious Metal Refining, Primary
Primary Smelting And Refining Of Nonferrous
Metals, N.O.C.
Red Lead Mfg.
Retinning Of Metal Not Done In Rolling Mill
Rust Proofing (Hot Dipping) Of Metals
Secondary Smelting, Refining, And Alloying Of
Nonferrous Metal And Alloys
Smelting Of Nonferrous Metals, N.O.C.
Tin Smelting And Refining
White Lead Mfg.
Zinc Smelting And Refining, Primary
403 ROLLING, DRAWING or EXTRUDING NONFERROUS METALS
Also includes making nonferrous pipe or tubes or forging nonferrous metals.
Subsequent product(s) manufacturing operations conducted by a separate crew(s) of employees, in a
physically separate department(s), shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Extruded Products Mfg.
Atomizing Molten Nonferrous Metal
Can Mfg., Seamless
Cold Rolling Or Drawing, Nonferrous Metals
Copper Pipe Or Tube Mfg. By Extruding And
Drawing
Drawing - Nonferrous Metals
Extruded Products Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Forging - Nonferrous Metals Only
Metal Can Mfg., Seamless
Miniature Tube Mfg. - From Nonferrous Metals
Nonferrous Metals Cold Rolling, Drawing,
Extruding, Or Forging
Pipe Mfg. - Brass, Copper Or Aluminum
Platinum Group Metals - Rolling, Drawing And/Or
Extruding
Powder Mfg. - Atomizing Molten Nonferrous Metal
Tin Foil Mfg.
Tube Mfg. - Nonferrous
Wire Drawing - Nonferrous Metals
Wire Mfg. - Nonferrous
STEEL MAKING AND ROLLING MILLS
404 STEEL MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Stainless Steel Mfg.
Steel Mfg.
406 ROLLING MILL – Ferrous Metals – Not available for rolling mills in plants operating open-hearth,
Bessemer, electric or crucible steel furnaces
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cold Rolling Or Drawing - Ferrous Metals
Cold-Rolled Sheet Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor
Corrugating Iron And Steel - Cold-Rolled - By
Specialist Contractor
Doubling Process, Sheet Rolling - By Specialist
Contractor
Ferrous Metals Cold Rolling Or Drawing
Plate Steel Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor
Rolling Mill - Ferrous Metals
Rolling Mill, Sheet Metal - By Specialist Contractor
Sheet Rolling, Cold Rolling - By Specialist
Contractor
Steel Wire Drawing
Wire Drawing - Ferrous
Wire Mfg.
407 TUBE or Pipe MFG., Iron or Steel – not cast iron pipe – excluding steel making but including skelp
rolling
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Miniature Tube Mfg. - From Ferrous Metals
Pipe Or Tube Mfg. - Iron Or Steel
Skelp Rolling
Steel Pipe And Tube Mfg.
Tube Mfg. - Iron Or Steel
STEEL FABRICATING
411 STEEL FABRICATING – Bridge and Structural Shops, Shop Only, erection to be separately rated as
Code 655
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bridge Shop
Radio And Television Tower, Fabrication
Steel Fabrication, Bridge And Structural Shops
Steel Works, Structural
Structural Steel Fabrication
Tower, Transmission, Fabrication
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CLASSIFICATIONS
413 IRON WORKS – Shop – Ornamental, non-structural iron or steel fabricating
Separately rate installation, erection or repair operations to Code 658 or to Code 675 as provided in this
Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Railings Mfg.
Architectural Or Ornamental Iron Work Mfg.
Balcony Mfg.
Banister Mfg. - Metal
Fence Or Fence Post Mfg. - Ornamental Iron Or
Steel
Fire Escape Mfg.
Flagpole Mfg. - Metal
Flooring Mfg. - Open Steel Grating
Furniture Mfg. - Wrought Iron
Gate Mfg. - Ornamental Metal
Grandstand Or Bleacher Mfg. - Metal
Grating Mfg. - Open Steel Flooring
Iron Shutter Mfg.
Iron, Ornamental, Fabrication Shop
Lamp Post Mfg. - Metal
Metal Arches Mfg., For Buildings
Metal Lath Mfg.
Ornamental Brass Goods Mfg.
Ornamental Or Architectural Metal Work Mfg.
Partition Mfg. - Ornamental Iron
Pipe Bending - Fabrication Shop
Power Pipe Fabrication
Racing Sulky Mfg.
Railing Mfg.
Stair Railing Mfg. - Metal
Steel Curtain Wall Mfg.
Sulky Mfg., Racing
415 FABRICATED PLATE WORK – metal, including but not necessarily limited to boiler or tank mfg. –
shop only
Plate shall be #3 U.S. Standard Gauge (1/4” thick) or thicker.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Autoclave Mfg., Industrial
Boiler Mfg., Shop Only
Buoy Mfg. - Metal
Casing Mfg., Boiler Metal Plate
Condenser Mfg., Steam
Culvert Mfg. - Metal Plate
Cylinder Mfg. - Pressure Metal Plate
Dumpster Or Refuse Container Mfg. - From Metal
Plate
Gas Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate
Industrial Boiler Mfg.
Liquid Oxygen Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate
Military Tank Hull Mfg.
Oil Storage Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate
Plate Work, Fabricated
Pressure Vessel Mfg. - Industrial Metal Plate
Refuse Container Or Dumpster Mfg. - From Metal
Plate
Still Mfg. - Pressure Metal Plate
Tank Mfg. - Pressurized Or Non-Pressurized,
Including For Tank Trucks - From Metal Plate
Truss Plate Mfg. - Metal
Vacuum Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate
Vat Mfg. - Metal Plate
416 CAR MFG., Railroad – all kinds
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Car Mfg., Rebuilding Or Repair, Railroad - All Kinds
Freight Car Mfg.
Industrial Locomotive And Parts Mfg.
Locomotive And Parts Mfg.
Mine Car Mfg.
Railroad Car Mfg.
Railway Maintenance Car Mfg.
Refrigerator Car Mfg.
Switching Locomotive And Parts Mfg.
Tank Freight Car Mfg.
Tender Mfg., Locomotive
FOUNDRIES
421 STEEL FOUNDRY, Open-Hearth and Electric
The secondary machining of castings by a separate staff in a physically separate work area shall be
assigned to Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Casting Foundry, Steel
Electric Steel Foundry
Foundry, Steel
Steel Alloy Castings Mfg.
Steel Foundry
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CLASSIFICATIONS
425 IRON FOUNDRY, N.O.C.
The secondary machining of castings by a separate staff in a physically separate work area shall be
assigned to Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cast Iron Pipe Mfg.
Casting Foundry, Ductile Or Grey Iron
Ductile Iron Foundry
Enameled Cast Iron Ware Mfg.
Foundry, Iron, N.O.C.
Grey Iron Foundry
Heater Or Radiator Mfg. - Cast Iron
Hydrant Mfg. Water - Cast Iron
Iron Foundry, N.O.C. (See Also Classes 427 And
445)
Manhole Cover Mfg. - Cast Iron
Pipe Mfg. - Cast Iron, N.O.C.
Radiator Or Heater Mfg. - Cast Iron
Stove Mfg. - Cast Iron
427 MALLEABLE Iron FOUNDRY
The secondary machining of castings by a separate staff in a physically separate work area shall be
assigned to Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Casting Foundry, Malleable Iron
Foundry, Malleable Iron
Malleable Iron Foundry
429 DIE CASTING MFG.
Also includes secondary machining of die castings by the die casting employer. There is no payroll
division with Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Die Castings Mfg.
Die Castings Mfg. - Aluminum, Brass, Bronze, Copper Or Zinc
Zinc Die Castings Mfg.
447 NONFERROUS METALS FOUNDRY
When foundry is operated and there is a silicosis potential, the supplemental loading will apply to the
foundry portion of payroll. Code 0066 at the carrier rate is to apply to such foundry payroll, but note that
this payroll is also included in the Code 447 payroll at the carrier rate. Premium developed under Code
0066 is not subject to experience or retrospective rating.
Also includes secondary machining of non-ferrous castings by the foundry employer. There is no payroll
division with Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Castings Mfg.
Aluminum Ware Mfg., Cast
Brass Castings Mfg.
Bronze Castings Mfg.
Bushing Or Bearing Mfg. - Nonferrous Metal - Cast
Casting Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Centrifugal Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Copper Castings Mfg.
Foundry - Nonferrous, N.O.C.
Hardware Mfg. - Nonferrous - By Foundry Method
Investment Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Nonferrous Metals Foundry
Plumbing Fixture Fittings And Trim (Brass Goods)
Mfg. - Cast
Spin Casting Foundry - Nonferrous Metals
Type Foundry
Zinc Castings Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
METAL WORKING
431 FORGING
Includes die making, trimming or grinding and heat treating operations. The secondary machining of
forgings by a separate staff in a physically separate work area shall be assigned to Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Anvil Mfg. - Forged
Forging, N.O.C.
Gun Forging, Iron And Steel
Horseshoe Mfg.
Iron Forging
Press Forging
Projectile Or Shell Casing Mfg.: Forging Separately Rate Loading Or Testing With
Explosives
Upset Forging
433 TOOL MFG. – Forged
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the manufacture of tools by use of forging techniques or
methodology. Steel or alloy metals in various bar and rod forms will be cut to length and then heated in
furnaces. The heated metal stock is then forged with drop hammers, reheated and forged to final shape
or form with the appropriate dies or patterns. The forgings are then cooled, trimmed or ground as needed
and tempered by heat treating. Includes secondary machining of the forged tools by the forge business.
There is no payroll division with Code 461.
Examples of products within the scope of this classification are: axes, agricultural and gardening tools,
sledge hammers, logging tools, construction tools and oil well tools.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Specialist businesses principally engaged in the heat treating of metal for unrelated customers.
UNDERWRITINGGUIDE
Agricultural Tools Mfg.
Axe Mfg.
Construction Tools Mfg.
File (Tool) Mfg. - Forged
Gardening Tools Mfg.
Heat-Treating Of Metal - By Specialist Contractor
Logging Tools Mfg.
Oil Well Tools Mfg.
Sledgehammer Mfg.
Tool Mfg. - Forged
435 SPRING MFG. – Hot Wound
Also includes Chain Mfg.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Bumper Mfg.
Automobile Spring Mfg.
Chain Mfg.
Coiled Flat Spring Mfg.
Leaf Spring Mfg.
Railroad Car Or Locomotive Spring Mfg.
Spring Mfg. - Hot Wound
Steel Spring Mfg. - Except Wire (Cold Wound)
Springs
Torsion Bar Spring Mfg.
441 TOOL MFG., N.O.C.
Applies to a business principally engaged in machining tool steel or tungsten carbide into tools used for
cutting or machining operations on machine shop equipment (e.g., lathes, mills). Also applies to a
business principally engaged in making jigs or fixtures used to hold or position work on machine shop
equipment. Further applies to a business principally engaged in machining tool steel or tungsten carbide
into molds for plastics or powdered metal molding or nonferrous metal casting or dies for wire drawing,
metal stamping, plastic or nonferrous metal extrusion. The business' machining operations may include
but are not necessarily limited to turning, milling, grinding or tapping. The tools, dies or molds may be
assembled together, polished, buffed, tested and inspected.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
A business principally engaged in the operations discussed above is typically a job shop. A job shop is
defined for this classification as a business principally engaged in machining one or more of the above
listed products for unrelated businesses and that has either no proprietary product(s) or the business'
proprietary product(s) generates less than 50 percent of the business' revenue.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Employers principally engaged in the manufacture of one or more of the following products: wood or
metal patterns, models, aircraft propellers-wood, architectural scale models, last forms-wood, or
wood carving by hand or machine.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Cemented carbide tips for cutting tools or any other products made from powdered metal that are
pressed to shape, machined and sintered shall be assigned to Code 506.
Molds or patterns produced by foundry (the melting and casting of the molten metal) process shall
be assigned to the appropriate foundry class.
Dies produced by chemical etching or engraving shall be assigned to Code 281.
The manufacture of forged tools shall be assigned to Code 433.
Products made by molding plastic shall be assigned to the appropriate plastic molding classification.
Metal stamping or sheet metal products fabrication shall be classified as provided in this Manual.
Assign Code 445 to the manufacture of non-forged and non-powered hand tools, such as
screwdrivers, pliers, hammers or chisels, and/or non-forged bench tools.
Assign Code 445 to saw blade (all types) or industrial knife manufacture.
Precision Machined Parts Mfg. - N.O.C. shall be defined as machining parts where the plans or
specifications require more than 50 percent of the employer's machining operations will be held to a
final tolerance of plus/minus .001 inches or closer (e.g., plus/minus .0005 inches) and where more
than 50 percent of the machined parts made by the employer are not assigned to any other
manufacturing classification. Businesses so principally engaged shall be assigned to Code 446.
Assign Code 461 to an employer where more than 50 percent of the employer's machining of parts
is held to final tolerance(s) cruder than plus/minus .001 inches (e.g., plus/minus .003 inches, .005
inches) and where more than 50 percent of the parts machined by the employer are not assigned to
any other manufacturing classification.
An employer principally engaged in machining parts or products specifically assigned to any
manufacturing classification shall be assigned to that specified manufacturing classification
regardless of the final machining tolerance called for by the plans or specifications.
Specialist contractors electroplating parts manufactured by an unrelated business(es) shall be assigned to Code 449.
Code 441 is not applicable to any business that has a separate department making tools, dies,
molds or any of the other products assigned to Code 441 principally for use by that business in
making any product(s) assigned to another manufacturing classification
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Propeller Mfg. - Wood
Architectural Scale Model Mfg. - By Specialist
Contractor
Cutlery Mfg. (Non-Forged) For Household Or
Butcher Shop/Restaurant Use
Die Mfg.
Fixture Or Jig Mfg.
Gauge Mfg. - Ring, Plug Or Snap
Jig Or Fixture Mfg.
Label Mfg. - Metal
Last Form Mfg. - Wooden
Machine Tools And Accessories Mfg.
Machine Tools Mfg. - Metal - Cutting Or Forming
Types
Model Or Pattern Mfg. - Wood Or Metal, Shop
Only, Excluding Castings
Mold Mfg., Excluding Castings
Pattern Or Model Mfg. - Wood Or Metal, Shop
Only, Excluding Castings
Punch Mfg., For Marking Metal
Sewing Machine Attachment Mfg. (e.g., Hemmers,
Binders)
Shoe Form Mfg. - Wood
Steel Rule Die Mfg.
Tool Mfg., N.O.C.
Tool Sharpening, Industrial Tools
Welding Or Cutting Torch Tip Mfg.
Wood Carving - By Hand Or Machine
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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CLASSIFICATIONS
445 HARDWARE MFG., N.O.C.
Applies to businesses principally engaged in the manufacture of hardware. The term encompasses a variety of
products manufactured by different production techniques including but not necessarily limited to: machining
(including screw machining), stamping, and foundry.
Please see the Underwriting Guide entries below for a representative listing of hardware products and the inshop specialist contractors (e.g., coating of parts, polishing and buffing and spray painting) assigned to this
classification.
Also apply the supplemental loading (Code 0067) to the foundry portion of the Code 445 payroll when the
employer uses the foundry process (the melting and pouring of molten metal into sand molds) to make hardware
products. Code 0067 at the carrier rating value is to apply to such foundry payroll, but note that the foundry
payroll is also to be included in Code 445 payroll at the carrier rating value. Premium developed under Code
0067 is not subject to experience or retrospective rating.
Investment casting uses ceramic molds made from pouring slip rather than sand molds. The investment casting
process is assignable to Code 445 and is not also subject to Code 0067.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The secondary machining of hardware castings by the foundry employer.
A business principally engaged in machining or assembling non-forged or non-powered hand or
bench tools such as screwdrivers, pliers, hammers, chisels or wrenches.
A business principally engaged in the manufacture of any type of saw blade or applying carbide tips
or diamond cutting segments onto saw blades.
A business principally engaged in manufacturing any type of industrial knife.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 433 to a business principally engaged in forging hand tools.
Assign Code 473 to a business principally engaged in making portable powered hand tools.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acetylene Torch Mfg.
Arms Mfg., Excluding Ammunition Mfg.
Automatic Screw Machine Products Mfg.
Automatic Sprinkler Mfg.
Bolt Mfg.
Bottle Cap Or Crown Mfg.
Brush Manufacture - Using Tinplate Not Wood
Builders Hardware Mfg.
Bushing Mfg.
Carburetor Mfg.
Cartridge Mfg., No Handling Of Explosives
Coating Of Parts - By Contractor
Collapsible Tube Mfg.
Curtain Rod Mfg. - Metal
Electric Fixtures Mfg.
Fastener Mfg., N.O.C.
File, Tool (Non-Forged) Mfg
Flashlight Mfg., Or Assembling
Franklin Stove Assembly
Gas And Electric Fixtures Mfg.
Gun, Handgun Mfg.
Handgun Mfg.
Hand Tool Mfg. - Non-Forged (Excluding Axes,
Agricultural Tools, Sledgehammers Or
Wheelbarrows)
Hardware Mfg., N.O.C. Including Foundry
Hydraulic Stabilizer Mfg., For Trains
Industrial Knife Mfg. - All Types
Investment Casting
Lamp Or Portable Lantern Mfg.
Lighting Fixtures Mfg.
Meat Chopper Mfg.
CLASSIFICATIONS
Nail Mfg., Not Wire
Nut Or Bolt Mfg.
Painting Or Powder Coating Metal Parts - Shop By Specialist Contractor
Pistol Mfg.
Playground Equipment Mfg.
Plumbers' Fittings Mfg.
Plumbers' Supplies Mfg., N.O.C.
Polishing And Buffing, Shop Only - Specialist
Contractor
Portable Lamp Or Lantern Mfg.
Powder Coating Of Parts (Electrostatic Spray
Application) - By Contractor
Rifle Mfg.
Sadiron Mfg.
Saw Blade Mfg. - All Types
Scale And Balance Mfg.
Screw Machine Products
Screw Mfg.
Shotgun Mfg.
Skate Mfg.
Small Arms Mfg.
Spike Mfg.
Spray Painting - In Shop Only
Sprinkler Mfg., Automatic
Stabilizer Mfg., Hydraulic For Trains
Tube Mfg. - Metal, Collapsible
Valve And Pipe Fitting Mfg., Except Cast Plumbers'
Brass Goods
Valve Mfg.
Welding Torch Mfg.
446 PRECISION MACHINED PARTS MFG., N.O.C.
Applies to a business principally engaged in Precision Machined Parts Mfg., N.O.C. Such term will be defined as applying to a machining business where the plans or specifications require more than 50 percent
of all machining operations performed by the employer will be held to a final tolerance of plus/minus .001
inches or closer (e.g., plus/minus .0005 inches) and where more than 50 percent of the machined parts
made by the employer are not assigned to any other manufacturing classification.
A business principally engaged in Precision Machined Parts Mfg., N.O.C., is typically a job shop. A job
shop is defined for this classification as a business principally engaged in machining or machining parts for
unrelated businesses and that has either no proprietary product(s) or the machining of the business'
proprietary product(s) is less than 50 percent of the business' overall machining.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. The machining of parts for unrelated businesses or the employer's proprietary product(s) where more
than 50 percent of the employer's machining operations are held to a final tolerance cruder than
plus/minus .001 inches (e.g., plus/minus .003 inches, .005 inches, .010 inches), and where more than
50 percent of the parts machined by the employer are not assigned to any other manufacturing
classification, shall be assigned to Code 461.
2. An employer principally engaged in machining parts or products specifically assigned to any
manufacturing classification shall be assigned to that specified manufacturing classification
regardless of the final machining tolerance called for by the plans or specifications.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Propeller Mfg. - Metal
Precision Machined Parts Mfg., N.O.C.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
447 NON-FERROUS METALS FOUNDRY.
When foundry is operated and there is silicosis potential, the supplemental loading will apply to the
foundry portion of payroll. Code 0066 at the carrier rate is to apply to such foundry payroll, but note that
this payroll is also to be included in the Code 447 payroll at the carrier rate. Premium developed under
Code 0066 is not subject to experience or retrospective rating.
Also includes secondary machining of non-ferrous castings by the foundry employer. There is no payroll
division with Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Castings Mfg.
Aluminum Ware Mfg., Cast
Brass Castings Mfg.
Bronze Castings Mfg.
Bushing Or Bearing Mfg. - Nonferrous Metal - Cast
Casting Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Centrifugal Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Copper Castings Mfg.
Foundry - Nonferrous, N.O.C.
Hardware Mfg. - Nonferrous - By Foundry Method
Investment Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
Nonferrous Metals Foundry
Plumbing Fixture Fittings And Trim (Brass Goods)
Mfg. - Cast
Spin Casting Foundry - Nonferrous Metals
Type Foundry
Zinc Castings Mfg.
449 ELECTROPLATING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Anodizing Metals
Chromium Plating
Detinning
Electroplating
Gold Plating
Metal Anodizing
Plating Of Metal Articles
Silver Plating
Tin Plating
451 AUTOMOBILE, Truck or Trailer BODY MFG.
Also includes an employer principally engaged in fabricating an automobile, truck or trailer body and then
attaching the fabricated body onto a customer supplied or purchased chassis.
This class is not available for payroll division with Code 463. Code 463 shall be assigned to an employer
engaged in both the making of the automobile, truck, or trailer body and chassis and then assembling the
complete motor vehicle.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ambulance Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased
Chassis
Automobile Body Mfg., Except Plastic Body Molding
Bus Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased Chassis
Carriage Mfg.
Chassis Mfg.
Fire Truck Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased
Chassis
Hearse Body Mfg.
Mobile Home Mfg. - Non Self-Propelled
Trailer Mfg.
Truck Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased
Chassis
Truck Cab Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased Chassis
Vehicle Chassis or Frame Mfg.
Wagon Body Mfg.
454 SHEET METAL PRODUCTS FABRICATION, N.O.C., Shop only
Sheet metal shall be thinner than #3 U.S. Standard Gauge (less than ¼” thick).
Code 676 shall be assigned to both the shop and the erection or installation payroll developed by an
insured engaged in both the shop fabrication of sheet metal products and the erection or installation
thereof.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Agate Or Enamel Ware Mfg.
Aluminum Storm Sash Mfg.
Aluminum Ware Mfg. - From Sheet Aluminum
Automobile Parts Mfg., Miscellaneous Stamped
Parts
Automobile Radiator Mfg.
Automobile Wheel Mfg.
Barrel Or Drum Mfg. - Metal
Barrel Or Drum Reconditioning Or Repairing - Metal
Bin Mfg. - Sheet Metal
Brass Products Mfg., N.O.C. - From Sheet Stock
Building Mfg., Portable - Metal, No Erection
Can Mfg., Seamed
Casing Mfg. - Sheet Metal
Chimney Flashing Mfg., No Installation Work
Cooking Utensil Mfg. - Steel Or Aluminum
Copper Products Mfg. - From Sheet Stock
Coppersmithing - Shop Only
Duct Fabrication - No Installation Work
Enamel Ware Mfg.
Flue Mfg., Stove Or Furnace - By Specialist
Contractor
Hood Mfg., Range
CLASSIFICATIONS
Hotel Kitchen Equipment Mfg.
Household Cooking Utensil Mfg.
Machine Guard Mfg. - Sheet Metal
Metal Can Mfg., Seamed
Metal Shipping Barrels, Drums, Kegs Or Pails Used, Dealer
Metal Spinnings Mfg.
Metal Stampings Mfg.
Metal, Sheet Goods Mfg., N.O.C.
Perforated Metal Mfg.
Radiator Mfg., Auto
Restaurant Kitchen Equipment Mfg.
Sheet Metal Products Fabrication, N.O.C., Shop
Only
Sign Mfg. - Metal, Shop Only - No Erection
Silo Building - Metal, Shop Only
Steel Barrel Or Drum Mfg.
Steel Drum Or Barrel Dealer, Secondhand
Storm Window Or Door Mfg. - Metal Or Vinyl
Ventilator Mfg. - Sheet Metal
Wheelbarrow Mfg. - Metal
Window Sash Mfg. - Aluminum Or Vinyl
456 METAL FURNITURE or Furnishing Goods MFG., N.O.C.
Sheet metal shall be thinner than #3 U.S. Standard Gauge (less than ¼” thick).
Also includes the manufacture of major household or commercial kitchen or laundry appliances.
Upholstering operations conducted by a separate crew of employees in a physically separate department
shall be assigned to Code 327.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Conditioner Or Air Conditioner Equipment Mfg. Home Window Unit Or Central Air, Commercial
Or Industrial
Aluminum Awning Mfg.
Aluminum Venetian Blind Mfg.
Appliance Mfg., Major Household Or For
Commercial Establishments, Kitchen Or Laundry
Awning Mfg. - Metal, No Erection
Bedstead Mfg. - Metal
Bookcase Mfg. - Metal
Brass Bed Mfg.
Cabinet Mfg. - Sheet Metal
Chair Mfg. - Metal
Clothes Dryer Mfg., Commercial Or Household
Coffin Mfg. - Metal
Door Mfg. - Metal
File Cabinet Mfg.
Fire Door Mfg.
Fireproof Equipment Mfg. - Metal
Freezer Mfg., Commercial Or Household
Furniture Mfg. - Metal
Garment Rack Mfg. - Metal
Golf Club Mfg. - Metal
Ice Cream Cabinet Mfg.
Incubator Mfg. - Metal
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen Mfg. - Metal Or Glass
Ladder Mfg. - Metal
Locker Mfg. - Metal
Metal Furniture Mfg.
Office Furniture Mfg. - Metal
Oven Mfg. - Metal Industrial Drying Ovens
Radiator Cabinet Or Shield Mfg. - Metal
Refrigerator Mfg., Commercial Or Household
Sheet Metal Aircraft Parts Mfg.
Shelving Mfg. - Metal
Showcase Mfg. - Metal
Ski Mfg. - Metal
Soda Fountain Mfg.
Stove Mfg. - Sheet Metal, Commercial Or
Household
Tennis Racquet Mfg. - Metal
Trash Compactor Mfg.
Venetian Blind Mfg. - Aluminum
Ventilation Equipment Mfg.
Washing Machine Mfg., Commercial Or Household
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CLASSIFICATIONS
457 WIRE GOODS MFG.
Includes the manufacture of wire springs by cold winding technologies. The making of springs from bar
stock by hot wound methodologies must be assigned to Code 435 .
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Christmas Tree Mfg.
Bed Spring Mfg. - Wire
Brush Mfg. - Wire
Cable Mfg. - Not Insulated Electrical Cable
Coat Hanger Mfg. - Metal
Cold Wound Wire Spring Mfg.
Fence Mfg. - Wire
Lamp Shade Frame Mfg.
Nail Mfg. - Wire
Pocketbook Frame Mfg.
Rope Mfg. - Wire
Shopping Cart Mfg.
Snow Fence Mfg., Wire Twisting
Spring Mfg., Cold Wound
Welding Rod Mfg.
Wire Brush Mfg.
Wire Fence Mfg.
Wire Goods Mfg.
Wire Rope Or Cable Mfg.
458 JEWELRY MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Clock Mfg.
Costume Jewelry Mfg.
Diamond Cutter, Polisher, Setter
Gold Leaf Mfg.
Jewel Setting And Mounting
Jewelry Mfg.
Jewelry Polishing
Lapidary
Musical Instrument Mfg. - Metal
Pendant Jewelry Mfg.
Precious Stone Cutting, Polishing Or Setting
Silverware And Plated Ware Mfg.
Watch Mfg.
Watch, Clock, And Parts Mfg.
459 EYELET, Needle, Pin, Pen or Tack MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Limb Mfg.
Ball Point Pen Mfg.
Button Mfg. - Metal
Electronic Terminal And Connector Mfg. - By
Machining Or Stamping
Eyelet Mfg.
Implant Mfg. – Medical (e.g., hips, knees)
Mechanical Pencil Mfg.
Medical Implant Mfg. (e.g., hips, knees)
Miniature Valve And Fitting Mfg.
Needle, Pin, Hook Or Eye Mfg.
Pen Or Pen Point Mfg.
Pin Or Needle Mfg.
Razor Blade Mfg. - Safety
Rivet Mfg.
Swiss Screw Machine Shop
Tack Mfg.
Valve Mfg. - Miniature
Zipper Mfg.
MACHINERYMFG.
461 MACHINE SHOP
Also includes the manufacture of all types of internal combustion engines, all types of pumps, pneumatic
drills or hammers or hydraulic devices (e.g., hydraulic jacks or lifts).
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign the applicable wood products classification to a business principally engaged in such
manufacturing.
Assign Code 415 to a business principally engaged in the manufacture of boilers and/or other
fabricated plate products as defined in the Code 415 class description.
Assign Code 675 to separate staff engaged in the installation, service or repair of industrial
machinery, pumps or other products whose manufacture is contemplated by Code 461.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Engine Or Engine Part Mfg. Or Repair,
Shop Only
Automobile Engine Or Engine Part Mfg.
Automobile Jack Mfg.
Automobile Parts Mfg. - Produced By Machining N.O.C.
Automotive Machine Shops - No Work On Cars e.g., Cylinder Reboring, Valve Grinding Or
Turning Down Brake Drums
Confectioners' Machinery Mfg.
Engine Or Engine Part Mfg., Internal Combustion
Equipment Repair, Industrial - Shop Only
Food Product Machinery Mfg.
Fuel Pump Mfg., Automobile
Gear Mfg. Or Grinding
Hydraulic Device Mfg. - Jacks, Auto Lifts
Industrial Equipment Repair, Shop Only
Internal Combustion Engine Mfg.
Jackhammer Mfg.
Machine Shop, N.O.C.
Machined Automobile Parts Mfg., N.O.C.
CLASSIFICATIONS
Machinery Reconditioning (Excluding Conveyors) Shop Operations Only
Measuring Or Dispensing Pump Mfg.
Outboard Motor Or Motor Part Mfg.
Paper Industry Machinery Mfg.
Piston, Piston Pin Or Piston Ring Mfg.
Pneumatic Tool Mfg.
Printing Machinery Mfg.
Printing Trade Machinery And Equipment Mfg.
Projectile Or Shell Casing Mfg.: Secondary
Machining - Separately Rate Loading Or Testing
With Explosives
Pump Mfg.
Safe Mfg.
Shaft Mfg. - All Types
Stoker Mfg.
Supercharger Mfg.
Textile Machinery Mfg.
Typesetting Machinery Mfg.
Woodworking Machine Mfg.
463 AUTOMOBILE MFG.
Code 463 shall be assigned to an employer engaged in both the making of the automobile, truck, or trailer
body and chassis and then assembling the complete motor vehicle.
This class is not available for payroll division with Code 451. Code 451 shall be assigned to an employer
principally engaged in fabricating an automobile, truck, or trailer body and then attaching the fabricated
body onto a customer supplied or purchased chassis.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Mfg.
Automobile Truck Mfg.
Bicycle Mfg.
Forklift Truck Mfg.
Industrial Truck Mfg.
Motorcycle Mfg.
Tractor Mfg.
Truck Mfg.
465 CONVEYOR or Hoisting Systems MFG., or Reconditioning
Elevator, escalator, conveyor or hoisting system erection, installation or repair is to be separately rated as
Code 675.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Conveyor Mfg. - Or Reconditioning
Elevator Or Elevator Door Mfg.
Escalator Mfg.
Hoisting Systems Mfg.
Overhead Crane Mfg.
467 BALL or Roller BEARING MFG.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the fabrication of either metal ball or roller bearings.
Where a business is engaged in the fabrication of either metal ball or roller bearings and these are
consumed by the business’ production process, such operations shall be classified in accordance with the
class appropriate to the business.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ball Bearing Mfg.
Roller Bearing Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
471 PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY OR ELECTRICAL WIRE HARNESS MFG.
– BY CONTRACTOR
Applies to businesses principally engaged in performing any of the services discussed below for others on
a contract basis.
Includes the manufacture/assembly of printed circuit boards, the placement of components onto printed
circuit boards (mounting/stuffing) or the installation of resultant boards into a chassis with the addition of
wire leads.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. The assembly of electrical wire harnesses, automotive wire harnesses or connector cable assemblies.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 472 to electronic component manufacturing.
2. Assign Code 473 to electrical cord assembly.
3. The manufacture of wire or cable shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automotive Wire Harness Assembly
Cable Connector Assembly
Electrical Wire Harness Assembly
Printed Circuit Board Mfg. - By Specialist
Contractor
Printed Circuit Board Stuffing By Contractor
Stuffing Printed Circuit Boards, Adding Wiring And
Chassis By Contractor Per Customer Design
472 ELECTRONIC COMPONENT MFG., N.O.C.
Applies to the manufacture of electronic component parts used to receive, store, govern or direct the flow
of current within an electrical circuit, such as resistors, capacitors, coils, transformers (less than 746
watts), filters or transducers.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Semiconductor material refining
Integrated circuit manufacture
Quartz crystal culturing
Glass-to-metal seal manufacture
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. The manufacture of non-electronic parts (e.g., pushbuttons, springs, gaskets or plastic parts). The
inclusion of such non-electronic parts in the electronic device shall not be construed as an electronic
component as defined by this classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ceramic Capacitor Mfg. - Less Than 1 H.P.
Coils - Less Than 1 H.P.
Diode Mfg.
Integrated Circuit Mfg.
Light Emitting Diode Mfg.
Liquid Crystal Display Mfg.
Oscillator Mfg.
Quartz Crystal Culturing
Resistor Mfg. - Less Than 1 H.P.
Semiconductor Refining - Silicon Wafers
Silicon Chip Mfg.
Transducer Mfg.
Transformer Mfg. - Less Than 1 H.P. Used In
Electronic Devices
Transistor Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
473 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS MFG., N.O.C.
Applies but is not limited to the manufacture or shop repair of electrical housewares, hand-held power
tools, electrical fixtures or small electrical appliances.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Horn Mfg., Electric
Automotive Alternator Or Generator Mfg. Or Repair
Automotive Lighting, Ignition Or Starting Apparatus
Mfg.
Ballast Mfg. - Fluorescent Lights
Battery Charging Equipment Mfg.
Battery Mfg., Dry
Blender Mfg. - Household
Blinkerlight Mfg.
Carpet Shampooer Mfg.
Centrifuge Mfg., Laboratory
Christmas Tree Light Cord Sets Mfg.
Dimmer Switch Mfg.
Electric Blanket Mfg.
Electric Cord Assembly, Cable Mfg. To Be
Separately Rated
Electric Fan Mfg.
Electric Heating Element Mfg.
Electric Housewares And Fan Mfg.
Electric Switches Mfg. - Household And Crossbar
Electric Wire Assembly - Cord
Electrical Apparatus Mfg.
Electrical Equipment For Internal Combustion
Engines Mfg.
Electro-Physical Therapy Equipment Mfg.
Fire Alarm Siren Mfg.
Floor Cleaning/Waxing Machine Mfg.
Fuse Mfg. - Electrical
Hair Dryer Mfg. - Hand-Held
Hand Tool Mfg. - Electric - Portable
Heating Pad Mfg.
Humidifier Mfg.
Mercury Switch Mfg.
Razor Mfg. Or Repair - Electric
Switch Mfg. - Household
Trains, Electric - Toy Or Model Mfg.
Vacuum Cleaner - Service Or Repair
Vacuum Cleaner Mfg.
X-Ray Equipment Mfg.
474 ELECTRIC POWER OR ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION EQUIPMENT MFG.
Contemplates the manufacture of equipment for the generation, storage or transmission of electrical
energy or vacuum furnaces. Includes the manufacture of power transformers (over 1 horsepower), switchgear or switchboard apparatus, generators or vacuum furnaces.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bus-bar Mfg.
Circuit Breaker Mfg.
Electric Power Equipment Mfg. For Utilities
Generator Mfg., Electric
Switchgear Or Switchboard Apparatus Mfg.
Transformer Mfg. (1 H.P. Or More)
Vacuum Furnace, Kiln Or Drying Oven Mfg.
475 BATTERY MFG., Storage
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Battery Mfg.
Battery Mfg., Storage
Storage Battery Mfg.
476 INDUSTRIAL CONTROLS OR SYSTEMS MANUFACTURE/ASSEMBLY
--Industrial control systems measure and control the power distribution or process variables such as flow,
level, liquid concentration, motion and rotation. Shop wiring is the principal task where controls,
switches and instrumentation are wired into a cabinet (which may have been manufactured by the
business or purchased) or a complete control station which can be computer-based, allowing the
operator to read, display and change the operating system.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 488 to businesses principally engaged in the manufacture of meters, counters,
thermometers or other electronic analytic/measuring instrumentation not otherwise classified.
Separately rate installation or repair provided at customer locations as provided for in this Manual.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Environmental Control Systems Mfg./Assembly
Motor Controller Assembly
Power Controller Assembly
CLASSIFICATIONS
Process and Batch Control Systems Assembly
Process Control Systems Mfg./Assembly
Traffic Control Systems Assembly
477 ELECTRIC MOTOR MFG. OR REPAIR
Applies to firms principally engaged in the manufacture, shop repair or rewinding of electric motors,
armatures or field coils.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Armature Mfg.
Electric Motor Mfg. Or Repair - Shop Only
483 OFFICE MACHINE MFG.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 952 to a separate crew performing service and repair at customer locations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Adding Machine Mfg.
Calculator Mfg.
Cash Register Mfg.
Cigar And Cigarette Lighter Mfg. Or Assembling
Computer Mfg.
Computer Peripheral Mfg.
Electronic Organ And Synthesizer Mfg.
Facsimile Equipment Mfg.
Laser Printer Cartridge Mfg. Or Remanufacture
Modem Mfg.
Office Machine Mfg.
Organ, Electronic - Mfg.
Sewing Machine - Service Or Repair
Sewing Machine Mfg.
Slot Machine Mfg.
Vending Machine Mfg.
Voting Machine Mfg.
485 COMMUNICATIONS, SEARCH, DETECTION OR SIGNAL PROCESSING EQUIPMENT MFG.
Includes but is not limited to the manufacture of:
(1)
(2)
(3)
Telephone or telegraph equipment or apparatus
Radio or TV broadcasting or communications equipment
Search, detection, navigation, guidance, aeronautical or nautical systems
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Radio Or Transmitting Equipment Mfg.
Amplifier Mfg.
Antenna Mfg.
Depth Sounding Equipment Mfg.
Hearing Aid Mfg.
Infrared Homing Systems Mfg.
Intercommunications Equipment Mfg.
Microphone Mfg.
Microwave Communication Equipment Mfg.
Missile Guidance Equipment Mfg.
Multiplexer Mfg.
Navigational Instruments Mfg.
Radar Devices Mfg.
Radio Or Television Transmitting, Signaling Or
Detection Equipment Or Apparatus Mfg.
Receivers - Radio Communication Mfg.
Recording Devices Mfg.
Sonar Equipment Mfg.
Speaker Mfg.
Stereo Equipment Mfg.
Tape Recorder Mfg.
Telemetering Equipment Mfg.
Telephone Or Telegraph Apparatus Mfg.
Transponder Mfg.
Video Cassette Recorder Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
486 INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULB or ELECTRONIC TUBE MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cathode Ray Picture Tube Mfg.
Electric Light Bulb Mfg.
Electron Tube Mfg.
Incandescent Light Bulb Mfg.
Medical Diagnostic Lamp Mfg.
Megetron Device Mfg. (Specialty Electron)
Neon Sign Mfg. - Shop Only, No Installation,
Service Or Repair
487
Photoflash Cube Mfg.
Radio & Television Tube Mfg.
Television Tube Mfg.
Transmitting, Industrial And Special Purpose
Electron Tube Mfg.
Vacuum Tube Mfg.
X-Ray Tube Mfg.
SURGICAL OR OPTICAL INSTRUMENT MFG.
Applies but is not limited to the manufacturing of surgical or dental instruments, optical instruments, optical
lens grinding, fiber optics or other precision metal instruments such as drafting equipment, compasses, Tsquares or triangles.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Audio Compact Disc Duplicating
Binocular Mfg.
Coating Optical Products - Vacuum Deposition
Method
Dental Drill Or Dental Tools Mfg.
Drafting Equipment Mfg.
Micrometer Mfg.
Optical Instrument Or Lens Mfg.
Surgical Instrument Mfg.
Surveying Equipment Mfg.
Telescope Mfg.
488 ELECTRONIC MEASURING OR ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENT MFG.
Includes the manufacture of electric test equipment, totalizing fluid meters or counters, electronic test or
measuring instrumentation.
Also contemplated by this class is the manufacture of medical diagnostic equipment such as CAT
scanners or MRIs.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Instrument Mfg. (Not Radio Or Radar)
Altimeter Mfg.
Automatic Temperature Control Mfg.
Blood & Gas Analyzer Mfg.
CAT Scanner Mfg.
Defibrillator Mfg.
Electric Measuring Instrument Or Test Equipment
Mfg.
Electrocardiograph Equipment Mfg.
Fetal Monitor Mfg.
Flow Controller Mfg.
Flowmeter Mfg.
Gas Detection Monitor Mfg.
Gas Meter Mfg.
Heart Scan Systems Mfg.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Mfg.
Medical Equipment Mfg., Electronic - Diagnostic Or
Treatment
Pyrometer Mfg.
Respirator Equipment Mfg.
Semiconductor Test Equipment Mfg.
Speedometer Mfg.
Steam Pressure Gauge Mfg.
Tachometer Mfg.
Taximeter Mfg.
Thermocouple Mfg.
Thermometer Mfg.
Thermostat Mfg.
Ultrasound Imager Mfg.
Valve Actuator Mfg.
Vital Signs Monitoring Equipment Mfg.
Volt Meter Mfg.
Wafer (Semiconductor) Dicing Machine Mfg.
Wafer Cleaning Equipment
Water Meter Mfg.
Wet Wafer Processing Equipment
489 DENTAL LABORATORY
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Artificial Teeth Mfg.
Dental Laboratory
Hearing Aid Ear Mold Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
491 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary ROLLING, DRAWING or EXTRUDING
NONFERROUS METALS Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 403.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Rolling, Drawing Or Extruding Nonferrous Metals Staff
Rolling, Drawing Or Extruding Nonferrous Metals - Temporary Staff
Temporary Rolling, Drawing Or Extruding Nonferrous Metals Staff
493 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary HARDWARE MFG. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 445.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Hardware Mfg. Staff
Hardware Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Powder Coating Of Metal Parts - Shop - Temporary Staff
Temporary Hardware Mfg. Staff
495 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary AUTOMOBILE, Truck or Trailer BODY MFG.
Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 451.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile, Truck Or Trailer Body Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Automobile, Truck Or Trailer Body Mfg. Staff
Temporary Automobile, Truck Or Trailer Body Mfg. Staff
497 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary ELECTRONIC COMPONENT MFG. Staff.
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 472.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Electronic Component Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Electronic Component Mfg. Staff
Temporary Electronic Component Mfg. Staff
499 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary BATTERY MFG. Staff.
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 475.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Battery Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Battery Mfg. Staff
Temporary Battery Mfg. Staff
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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CLASSIFICATIONS
STONE AND CLAY PRODUCTS MFG.
501 CEMENT MFG. – including quarrying
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Calcium Carbide Mfg.
Cement Mfg., Including Quarrying
Cement Quarry Operated By Manufacturer
Lime Burning Or Processing - By Specialist
Contractor
Plaster Mill
Quarry, Cement - Operated By Manufacturer
502 PLASTER STATUARY or Ornament MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acrylic Embedments Mfg.
Map Mfg. Relief, Made Of Plaster
Plaster Form Mfg.
Plaster Statuary Mfg.
506 POWDER METAL PRODUCTS MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Powder Metal Products Mfg.
507 GRAPHITE PRODUCTS MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carbon Products Mfg.
Graphite Products Mfg.
509 ASBESTOS GOODS MFG. – For establishments utilizing asbestos fibers in their manufacturing
processes that result in an asbestos product.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Asbestos Cement Products Mfg.
Asbestos Goods Mfg.
Asbestos Paper Mfg.
Asbestos Spinning Or Weaving
Blanket Mfg., Insulating For Aircraft - Asbestos
Brake Lining Mfg. - Asbestos
Cloth Mfg. - Asbestos
Fire Resistant Glove Mfg.
Glove Mfg. - Fire Resistant
Paper Mfg. - Asbestos
Tape Mfg. - Asbestos
Textile Mfg. - Asbestos
Vinyl Asbestos Floor Tile Mfg.
511 CONCRETE PRODUCTS MANUFACTURING.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bathtub Mfg. - Concrete
Cast Stone Mfg. - Concrete
Cement Block Mfg.
Cinder Block Mfg.
Concrete Block Mfg.
Concrete Burial Vault Mfg.
Concrete Products Mfg.
Drain Tile Mfg. - Concrete
Pipe Mfg. - Concrete
Plaster Block Mfg.
Precast Concrete Products Mfg. - Shop
Septic Tank Mfg. - Concrete
Silo Building - Concrete, Shop Only
Step Mfg. - Prefabricated Concrete
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 43
CLASSIFICATIONS
512 BRICK MFG., N.O.C.
Assign Code 514 to a location(s) principally engaged in manufacturing refractory products.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Brick Mfg., N.O.C.
Fireproofing Tile Mfg. - Clay
Pipe Mfg. - Terra-Cotta
Sand Lime Brick Mfg.
Structural Clay Products Mfg., N.O.C., NonRefractory
Terra-Cotta Mfg.
Tile Mfg., Roofing, Structural Or Terra-Cotta
513 POTTERY, N.O.C. – no brick, non-decorative tile, sewer pipe or gas retorts mfg.
A supplementary dust disease loading shall be added by the Bureau to cover the potential hazard of those
employers using material containing free silica.
Code 0176 at the carrier rate is to apply to such exposure, but note that payroll developed by the exposure
is also to be included in the Code 513 payroll at the carrier rate. Premium developed under Code 0176 is
not subject to experience or retrospective rating.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Abrasive Shape Mfg.
Abrasive Wheel Mfg.
Ceramic Mfg.
China Decorating - By A China Manufacturer
China Tableware Mfg.
Earthenware Mfg.
Foundry Sand Cores Mfg. - By Contractor
Grinding Wheel Mfg.
Grindstone Mfg., No Quarrying
Mineral Wool Mfg. - Including Spinning And
Weaving
514
Porcelain Electrical Product Mfg.
Porcelain Mfg.
Pottery Mfg., Glazed
Pottery Mfg., N.O.C. - No Brick, Tile, Sewer Pipe
Or Gas Retorts
Rock Wool Mfg. - Including Spinning And Weaving
Sand Mold Mfg. – By Independent Contractor
Tile Mfg., Decorative
Vitreous China Plumbing Fixture Mfg.
Vitreous China Table And Kitchen Articles Mfg.
Vitreous Tile Mfg.
REFRACTORY PRODUCT MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Clay Refractory Products Mfg., Including Silica Or Semi-Silica
Refractory Products Mfg., Including Silica Or Semi-Silica
Silica Brick Mfg.
520
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group A
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 520 and on classifying temporary staff.
521
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group B
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 521 and on classifying temporary staff.
522
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group C
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 522 and on classifying temporary staff.
523
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group D
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 523 and on classifying temporary staff.
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SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 44
524
CLASSIFICATIONS
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group E
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 524 and on classifying temporary staff.
525
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group F
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 525 and on classifying temporary staff.
526
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group G
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 526 and on classifying temporary staff.
527
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group H
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 527 and on classifying temporary staff.
528
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group I
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 528 and on classifying temporary staff.
529
TEMPORARY STAFF N.O.C. – Exposure Group J
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on the direct employment business classifications
assignable to Code 529 and on classifying temporary staff.
GLASS MFG.
535 GLASS OR GLASSWARE MFG.
The manufacture of glass products from purchased glass shall be assigned to Code 536.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cut Glass Mfg.
Fibrous Glass Mfg.
Flat Glass Mfg.
Glass Container Mfg.
Glass Mfg., Stained
Glassware Mfg.
Plate Glass Mfg.
Polished Plate Glass Mfg.
Pressed Or Blown Glass Mfg.
Rolled Glass Mfg.
Sheet Glass Mfg.
Sheet Window Glass Mfg.
Sodium Silicate Mfg.
Stained Glass Mfg.
Window Glass Mfg.
Wire Glass Mfg.
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 45
CLASSIFICATIONS
536 GLASS PRODUCTS MFG. – from purchased glass – no glass manufacturing
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Glass Merchant - Bending, Beveling, Grinding Or
Silvering Plate Glass By Separate Shop Crew
Glass Ornament Mfg. - From Purchased Glass
Laboratory Glassware Mfg. - From Purchased
Glass
Laminated Glass Products Mfg. - From Purchased
Glass
Mirror Mfg. - From Purchased Glass
Stained Glass Products Including Window Mfg. From Purchased Stained Glass
Tiffany Lamp Shade Mfg. - From Purchased Stained
Glass
CHEMICALS INDUSTRIES
551 CHEMICAL Processing or Products MFG., N.O.C.
For establishments engaged in manufacturing miscellaneous chemical preparations not otherwise
classified.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acid Mfg.
Agricultural Chemical Mfg.
Agricultural Pesticide Mfg.
Alkali Mfg.
Alum Mfg.
Aniline Dye Mfg.
Bicarbonate Of Soda Mfg.
Charcoal Mfg.
Chemical Processing Or Products Mfg., N.O.C.
Copper Recovery, Not Smelting
Cotton Seed Oil Mfg.
Creosote Mfg. - From Tar
Distillation, Wood
Dye Mfg.
Fungicide Mfg.
Herbicide Mfg.
Insecticide Mfg.
Iron Recovery By Chemical Means
Magnesium Metal Mfg. - Electrolysis Of Fused
Magnesium Chloride Process
Magnesium Metal Mfg. - Ferro-Silicon Process
Magnesium Metal Mfg., N.O.C.
Oil Mfg., Vegetable
Pest Strip Mfg.
Pesticide Mfg.
Pyroxylin Mfg., Not For Use In Explosive Mfg.
Salt Refining
Silica Gel Mfg.
Soda Bicarbonate Mfg.
Sulfate Mfg.
Sulfuric Acid Mfg.
Tanning Extract Mfg.
Tar Refining
Vegetable Oil --- Mfg. – All Types
Vitriol Mfg.
Wood Alcohol Mfg. - Natural
Wood Distillation
Zinc, Recovery Of - By Chemical Means
553 GASES – MFG. of carbonic oxide, anhydrous ammonia, oxygen or hydrogen
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acetylene Gas Mfg.
Ammonia Mfg.
Anhydrous Ammonia Mfg.
Carbon Dioxide Mfg.
Carbonic Acid Gas Mfg.
Gas Mfg.
Hydrogen Mfg.
Ice Mfg., Dry Ice
Industrial Gas Mfg.
Oxygen Or Hydrogen Mfg.
555 DRUG or MEDICINE MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Biological Product Mfg.
Cough Drop Mfg.
Drug Mfg.
Medicine Mfg.
Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg.
Serum Mfg.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 46
CLASSIFICATIONS
563 PAINT or Colors MFG. – no red or white lead mfg.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Adhesives Mfg.
Color Mfg., No Red Or White Lead Mfg.
Dope (Plastic Model Paint) Mfg.
Dry Toner Mfg.
Enamel Paint Mfg.
Ink Mfg., Printing
Inorganic Pigment Mfg.
Lacquer Mfg.
Metal Polish Mfg.
Mineral Color Mfg.
Mucilage Mfg.
Paint Brush Cleaner Mfg.
Paint Mfg., No Red Or White Lead Mfg.
Paint Remover Mfg.
Paint, Varnish, Lacquer Or Enamel Mfg.
Pigment Color Mfg.
Polish Or Leather Dressing Mfg.
Primer, Paint, Mfg.
Printing Ink Mfg.
Putty, Caulking Compound, And Allied Product Mfg.
Roofing Compound Mfg., No Refining
Shellac Mfg.
Shoe Polish Mfg.
Stains - Varnish, Oil And Wax, Mfg.
Toner (Dry) Mfg.
Varnish Mfg.
Water Paint Mfg.
Whiting Mfg.
Wood Filler And Sealer Mfg.
Wood Stain Mfg.
571 SOAP MFG.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Beeswax Mfg.
Candle Mfg.
Cleaning, Polishing Or Sanitation Preparations Mfg.
Cosmetic, Perfume Or Other Toilet Preparations
Mfg.
Crayon Mfg.
Degreasing Solvent Mfg.
Detergent Mfg.
Disinfectant (Household And Industrial) Mfg.
Dry Cleaning Preparation Mfg.
Furniture Polish And Wax Mfg.
Household Bleach, Dry Or Liquid Mfg.
Log Mfg. – Synthetic (wax and sawdust
combination)
Perfume, Cosmetic Or Other Toilet Preparations
Mfg.
Perfumery Extract Mfg.
Polishing, Cleaning Or Sanitation Preparations Mfg.
Saddle Soap Mfg.
Scouring Compound Mfg.
Sealing Wax Mfg.
Shampoo Mfg.
Soap Or Other Detergent Mfg.
Synthetic Log Mfg. (wax and sawdust combination)
Washing Compound Mfg.
Wax Or Wax Products Mfg.
Wax Remover Mfg.
573 FERTILIZER MFG.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Separately rate fertilizer application or lime spreading onto soil to Code 007.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Fertilizer Blending Or Mixing
Fertilizer Mfg.
Plant Food Mfg. - Mixed
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 47
CLASSIFICATIONS
581 OIL REFINING, Petroleum
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aromatic Chemical Mfg. In Petroleum Refinery
Benzene Mfg. In Petroleum Refinery
Blending Lubricants
Catalyst Mfg., Oil-Based
Gasoline Blending Plant
Grease Mixing Or Blending, Not Animal Or
Vegetable
Kerosene Mfg.
Lubricant, Blending
Lubricating Oil And Grease Mfg., Excluding Animal
And Vegetable Products
Naphtha Mfg. In Petroleum Refinery
Nylon Mfg.
Oil Blending - Not Animal Or Vegetable
Oil Refining, Petroleum
Oil Re-Refining, Used Motor Oil
Petroleum Refining
Plastic Material, Synthetic Resin, Or
Nonvulcanizable Elastomer Mfg.
Rayon Mfg.
Sulfonated Oil And Assistant Mfg.
Synthetic Rubber Intermediates Mfg.
Synthetic Rubber Mfg.
587 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary PAINT or COLORS MFG. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 563.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Paint Or Colors Mfg. Staff
Paint Or Colors Mfg. - Temporary Staff
Temporary Paint Or Colors Mfg. Staff
EXCAVATION AND CONSTRUCTION
601 ROAD or Street CONSTRUCTION: Paving or Repaving
Applies to the laying of the road starting with the sub-base and includes all kinds of paving or repaving,
surfacing or resurfacing or scraping, including airport runways or warming aprons. Also included are
trimming and finishing of shoulders, installing curbing and erecting guard rails or fences.
Asphalt plants operated by a paving contractor shall be classified in accordance with the following
procedure. Permanently located plants staffed by a separate crew shall be assigned to Code 855.
Portable/ temporarily located asphalt plants shall be assigned to Code 601.
---
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Concrete drilling or sawing on highways or roads.
Flagmen provided by specialist contractors.
Painting lines on highways or roads.
Safety grooving of road surfaces by specialist contractor.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. CLEARING OF LAND projects shall be classified as delineated in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section.
2. Separately rate subsurface work which involves all work necessary to bring the road up to grade: earth
or rock excavation, filling or grading to Code 609.
3. Separately rate tunneling projects to Code 615.
4. Separately rate bridge and culvert building where clearance is more than 10 feet at any point or the
entire distance between terminal abutments exceeds 20 feet to Code 654.
5. Assign the applicable quarrying classification to quarrying and stone crushing by the quarry operator.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 48
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Airport Construction, Paving - Landing Strip Or
Warming Apron
Airport Runway Construction - Paving Or Repaving
Asphalt Laying, On Constructed Highway By
Contractor
Asphalt Laying, On Constructed Highway By
Supplier
Asphalt Road Spraying
Concrete Drilling Or Sawing - On Highways Or
Roads
Curbstone - Concrete Prefabricated - Installed By
Road Contractor
Fence Erection, Highway Barriers By Paving
Contractor
Flagmen - Provided By Specialist Contractor
CLASSIFICATIONS
Guardrail Or Metal Fence Erection - By Road
Contractor
Highway Maintenance, Scraping, Paving Or
Repaving By Contractor
Milling Of A Road’s Surface – By An Independent
Contractor Or The Paving Contractor
Painting Lines On Highways Or Roads
Paving Or Repaving, Road And Street
Repaving - Street Or Road
Road Construction - Paving Or Repaving
Safety Grooving of Road Surfaces – By Contractor
Street Or Road Construction Or Maintenance Scraping, Paving Or Repaving
Surfacing Or Resurfacing Of Road Or Street
Warming Apron Paving, Airport
--603 SEWER CONSTRUCTION – all work to completion, including masonry work in connection therewith
– no tunneling
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Sewer Construction, All Work To Completion Except Tunneling, See Class 615
Storm Drain Construction
605 RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION and Maintenance of Way by Contractors  all operations incident
thereto, except tunneling and bridge building
The entire payroll in construction of bridges or culverts exceeding a span of 12 ft. or in the construction of
tunnels must be separately classified and rated.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Railroad Construction, By Contractor
Railroad Maintenance Of Way, By Contractor
606 OIL or GAS WELL DRILLING
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 607 to all types of non-oil or gas drilling.
2. Assign Code 607 to all types of Oil or Gas Well Services – By Contractor
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Gas Well Drilling
Oil Well Drilling
607 DRILLING, N.O.C. - By Contractor
Applicable to all types of drilling except drilling for oil or gas wells.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. All types of oil and/or gas well services performed by an independent contractor(s).
2. Geophysical exploration.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 606 to oil or gas well drilling.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 49
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boring Or Test Boring For Soil Samples
Drilling, N.O.C., By Contractor
Elevator Shaft Drilling - By Contractor
Fracturing (Fracing) Of Gas Or Oil Wells - By
Contractor
Gas Or Oil Well Services (All Types) By Contractor
----Geothermal Well Drilling – By Contractor
Horizontal Directional Drilling – For Underground
Utility Construction - By Contractor
CLASSIFICATIONS
Logging Of Oil And/Or Gas Wells - By Contractor
Oil Or Gas Well Casing Installation - By Contractor
Oil Or Gas Well Cementing, By Contractor
Oil Or Gas Well Cleaning - By Contractor
Oil Or Gas Well Services (All Types) Contractor
Oil Or Gas Well Shooting - By Contractor
Plugging Abandoned Oil Or Gas Wells – By
Contractor
Stimulation Of Oil Or Gas Wells – By Contractor
Water Well Drilling - By Contractor
Well (Oil Or Gas) Stimulation By Contractor
608 FLAT CEMENT WORK
Applicable to a specialist contractor performing ground-supported concrete work in the construction of
houses or one or two story commercial buildings, including but not necessarily limited to concrete footings,
foundation walls, cellar floors, curbs, sidewalks and driveways. Also applicable to constructing groundsupported concrete floors for one or two-story commercial buildings and the blacktop paving or repaving of
driveways, parking lots, sidewalks or yards. Further applicable to the breakup by use of picks or
jackhammers and removal of old ground-supported concrete, digging with shovels, and the set-up and
removal of forms by the ground-supported concrete contractor.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Mausoleum or monument erection in cemeteries.
Diamond core drilling within buildings by a specialist contractor.
Painting lines in parking lots or tennis courts by a specialist contractor.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Assign Code 601 to the paving or repaving of streets, roads, airport runways or warming aprons.
Assign Code 601 to concrete curb or gutter work performed by a street or road paving contractor.
Assign Code 609 to excavation performed by means of mechanical equipment. See Code 609 for
further information.
Assign Code 654 to ground supported concrete footings and foundation walls in the construction of
commercial or residential buildings three stories or more.
Assign Code 654 to the installation of precast concrete walls or panels.
Assign Code 654 to the erection/dismantling of forms incident to the pouring of self-bearing floors
and/or other non-ground supported concrete work.
Assign Code 654 to Guniting/Shotcrete installation.
Assign Code 855 to concrete pumping services by a specialist contractor.
Assign Code 855 to a separately-staffed and permanently-located ready mix concrete or
asphalt plant.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Airport Construction, Paving Of Automobile Parking
Areas
Asphalt Laying, Driveway, Floor, Yard, Sidewalk
Cement Work, Flat, Not Self-Bearing Or Reinforced
Concrete Floor Construction, Not Self-Bearing
Concrete Work, Yard
Diamond Core Drilling Within Buildings - By
Specialist Contractor
Driveway Construction - Blacktop Or Cement
Flat Cement Work Contractor
Mausoleums And Monuments In Cemeteries,
Erection Only
Painting Lines On Parking Lots Or Tennis Courts
Paving, Driveway - Blacktop Or Cement
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 50
CLASSIFICATIONS
609 EXCAVATION
Applicable to payroll developed in general excavation, grading, trench digging, filling or backfilling. Also
applicable to road construction subsurface work which involves all work necessary to bring the road up to
grade, including earth or rock excavation, filling or grading. Such work is performed with power shovels,
trench diggers, bulldozers or graders. The business may be a specialist excavation contractor principally
engaged in one or more of the listed tasks. The business may be a general contractor employing a
separate staff performing one or more of the listed tasks or the business has kept separate payroll records
for personnel who interchange between one or more of the tasks listed above and other construction tasks
assigned to another construction classification.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
All methods of clearing or removing brush and/or tree stumps that is not incident to tree removal ---.
Excavation and/or grading for parking lots.
Blasting services by specialist/independent contractors under contract with unrelated businesses
including incident drilling.
Cross-country oil or gas pipeline construction.
Landfill operation by an independent contractor.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
--- Assign the applicable "all work to completion" construction classification when a business is performing work assignable to an "all work to completion" classification. Any excavation work performed
by the business incident to an "all work to completion" job or project shall be included in the "all work
to completion" construction classification applicable to the job or project.
Separately rate the laying of a road’s sub-base, its paving or repaving, surfacing or resurfacing or
scraping to Code 601. This also includes airport runways or warming aprons.
Separately rate tunneling projects to Code 615.
Separately rate bridge and culvert building where clearance is more than 10 feet at any point or the
entire distance between terminal abutments exceeds 20 feet to Code 654.
Assign the applicable quarrying classification to quarrying and stone crushing by quarry operator.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Airport Runway Or Warming Apron Construction Sub-surface Work
Blasting Contractor - Includes Incident Drilling By
The Blasting Contractor
Building Underpinning
Canal Irrigation, Construction
Caves, Excavation Of New Areas For Exhibition
Purposes
Cell Tower Erection – Excavation Or Grading Of
The Site By Contractor
Cellar Excavation
Culvert Construction, Not Exceeding 10 Feet Span
Excavation, N.O.C.
Excavation For Septic Tank Installation, By
Specialist Contractor
Excavation - Street Or Road - Including Rock
Excavation Foundation Excavation
Gas Or Oil Pipeline Construction - Cross-Country
Grading
Grading Preparatory To Building Erection
Grave Digging - By Contractor
Humus Digging And Bagging
Irrigation System Construction
Landfill Operation
Levee Construction
Oil Or Gas Pipeline Construction - Cross-Country
Overburden Stripping, By Contractor (Not Coal
Operator)
Peat Digging
Pipeline Construction, Oil Or Gas - Cross-Country
Pipeline Reclamation, Oil Or Gas
Rock Excavation, Not Quarry--Street Or Road Rock Excavation
Sub-Surface Work - Road Or Street Construction
Surface Mine Reclamation - By Contractor - Grading,
Recontouring
611 PILE DRIVING, including timber wharf building
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bulkhead Construction - State Coverage Only
Jetty Construction - State Coverage Only
Pile Driving - State Coverage Only
Wharf Building, Timber - State Coverage Only
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 51
CLASSIFICATIONS
615 TUNNELING or Shaft Sinking, all work to completion
Code 0152 must be applied to Code 615 payroll to determine the mandatory catastrophe reserve which is
not subject to experience or retrospective rating. To provide coverage for Federal Black Lung, the Federal
Coal Mine Health and Safety Act Endorsement must be attached to the policy at the additional nonrateable
disease loading specified under Code 0164 on the rate pages.
Code 0152 and if applicable Code 0164 apply to the payroll developed in tunneling and shaft sinking, but
note that such exposure is also to be included in the Code 615 payroll at the manual rate.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Caisson Work – Under Pneumatic Pressure
Cofferdam Work - Under Pneumatic Pressure
Mine Shaft Sinking, By Contractor
Sewer Construction, Tunneling
Shaft Sinking
Tunneling
617 GAS, STEAM or WATER MAIN CONSTRUCTION – all work to completion
Also includes conduit construction for cable or wires.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Separately rate to Code 615 tunneling under pressure.
2. Separately rate horizontal directional drilling for underground utility construction to Code 607.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cable Installation In Conduits - By The Conduit Construction Contractor
Conduit Construction - All Work To Completion
Gas Main Construction - Local Distribution Systems - All Work To Completion Except Tunneling
Gas, Steam Or Water Main Repair - By Contractor - All Work To Completion Except Tunneling
Main Construction - Gas, Steam Or Water - Local Distribution Systems - All Work To Completion Except
Tunneling
Steam Main Construction - All Work To Completion Except Tunneling
Water Main Construction, All Work To Completion Except Tunneling, See 615
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
645 WALLBOARD INSTALLATION – within buildings
Includes the entire operation of installing drywall/wallboard including taping, seaming, texturing, but not
painting.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Drywall Installation - Including Taping And Seaming
Plasterboard Installation
Sheet Rock Installation - Within Buildings
Taping And Seaming Of Wallboard
Wallboard Installation
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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CLASSIFICATIONS
646 FURNITURE or FIXTURES INSTALLATION – portable – in offices or stores
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Blackboard Installation - Wood
Church Furnishings - Wood (Altars, Pews)
Installation
Display Rack Or Stand Installation - Metal, Plastic
Or Wood
Electrostatic Painting Of Metal Cabinets Or
Furniture – At Customers’ Locations – By
Specialist Contractor
Exhibit Booth Erection
Fixture Installation - Bank - Metal Partitions,
Counters
Furniture Or Fixture Installation - Portable - In
Offices Or Stores
Kitchen Equipment Installation - (Commercial)
Metal Partition, Shelving, Locker, Office And Store
Fixture Installation
Partition Installation
Shelving And Store Fixture Installation
Showcase Erection And Installation, No Mfg.
Soda Fountain Or Counter Installation - Plumbing Or
Electrical Wiring To Be Separately Rated
647 INSULATION WORK, N.O.C.
Includes the installation or application of acoustical or thermal insulating material in buildings or within
building walls. The class applies when insulating work is performed as a separate operation not part of or
incidental to any other construction operation performed by the same contractor at the same job or
location.
WEATHERIZATION PROGRAMS – 647
The purpose of a weatherization program is to insulate the client's home, which may be a detached house,
a twin, a row house or a mobile home. The clients are generally either elderly, on a fixed income or are
low-income families. All of a weatherization program's tasks (e.g., fixing windows and/or doors, installing
blown or vat insulation, putting in foam sealants, doing caulking or putting in weather stripping) are
incidental to the efforts of preventing outside air from infiltrating the home and concurrently preventing
warm or air-conditioned air from escaping the home or enhancing the home's insulation. Assign Code 647
to pay-roll developed in a weatherization program.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acoustical Insulation Material Installation
Insulation Work, N.O.C.
Insulation Work, Residential
Rock Wool Installation
Sound Insulation Installation
Weather Stripping Installation
Weatherization Program
Window Caulking - As A Part Of A Weatherization
Program
648 CARPENTRY – INSTALLATION of CABINET WORK, Finished Wooden Flooring or Interior
Trim. ---
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
The installation of parquet flooring.
The installation of countertops of any material except stone countertops.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 668 to the installation of all types of stone countertops.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bathtub Liner Installation
Cabinet Installation, Commercial Or Residential
Carpentry - Installation Of Cabinet Work, Finished
Wooden Flooring Or Interior Trim
Door Or Door Frame Erection - Wood
Finished Hardwood Floor Installation
Floor Installation - Portable - Wood
Floor Laying, Finished Hardwood
Floor Sanding Or Scraping - Wood
Hardwood Floor Laying
Interior Trim Installation - Wood
Kitchen Cabinet Installation - Wood
Locks, Installation In New Buildings
Parquet Floor Laying
Paving, Wood Block, Interior
Stair Building (Wooden) Erection
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 53
CLASSIFICATIONS
649 CEILING INSTALLATION – suspended acoustical grid type. Insulation work will be separately rated
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acoustical Ceiling Installation - Suspended Grid Type
Ceiling Installation - Acoustical - Suspended Grid Type
651 CARPENTRY – COMMERCIAL Structures
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Awning Erection
Aluminum Siding Installation
Aluminum Storm Sash Installation
Asbestos - Encapsulation Or Removal (Not Pipe
Insulation)
Boarding Up Of Abandoned Buildings (Including
Those Designed For Dwelling Occupancy)
Bridge Building - Wood
Carpentry, N.O.C. Excluding Concrete Form
Building
Cooling Tower Erection, Prefabricated – Wood
Door Installation – Metal Or Metal-Covered, In
Garages, Not Overhead Doors
Fence Erection - Wood
Fire Door Installation
General Construction - Commercial
Grandstand Or Bleacher, Erection By Contractor Portable - Wood
Greenhouse Erection
Hollow Metal Door Installation
Insulation (Asbestos) - Encapsulation Or Removal
(Except Pipe Insulation)
Interior Stripping/Gutting Of Buildings
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen - Metal Or Glass,
Erection Of
Lead Paint Removal (From Any Non-Pipe Surface)
- By Contractor
Metal Door Installation – All Types
Metal Storm Sash Installation
Prefabricated Wooden Building And Structural
Member Erection
Siding Installation (Aluminum, Vinyl Or Wood) Commercial Structures
Silo Erection - Wood
Storm Window Or Storm Door, Installation - Wood
Or Metal
Tank Erection - Wooden
Vinyl Fence Installation
Window Screen Or Screen Door Installation - Metal
Or Wood
652 CARPENTRY – RESIDENTIAL Includes one- or two-family detached houses, townhouses or row
houses or buildings designed primarily for multiple occupancy (e.g., apartments) three stories or less in
height or garages constructed in connection with the houses or apartments.
This classification shall include the payroll developed by all employees that interchange trades at a
specific location. For specific locations where there is no interchange between trades, all trades shall be
separately classified.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Awning Erection - Residential
Aluminum Siding Installation - Residential
Aluminum Storm Sash Installation - Residential
Carpentry - Detached One Or Two Family
Dwellings
Carpentry - Remodeling Of One Or Two Family
Dwellings
Carpentry - Residential For Multiple Dwelling
Occupancy - Three Stories Or Less
Home Improvements And/Or Remodeling
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen - Metal Or Glass,
Erection Of - Residential
Metal Storm Sash Installation - Residential
Modular Home Setup, Warranty Service,
Remodeling Or Repair
Punch List Repairs - By Contractor To A New
House
Siding Installation (Aluminum, Vinyl Or Wood) Residential
Storm Window Or Storm Door Installation - Wood
Or Metal - Residential
Window Screen Or Screen Door Installation - Metal
Or Wood - Residential
653 MASONRY
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 603 to payroll developed in masonry work in connection with sewers.
2. Assign Code 665 to payroll developed in sandblasting by a painting contractor preparatory to painting.
3. Assign Code 971 to payroll developed in the power washing of exterior walls or decks at residential or
commercial sites.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 54
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boiler Brick Work, Installation Or Repair
Brick Pointing
Bricking Up Abandoned Buildings
Bricklaying
Building Caulking, Exterior
Building Cleaning, Exterior Walls
Cement Block Erection
Chimney Construction - Masonry
Fireplace Installation
Fireproof Tile Setting
Glass Block Installation - Structural Use
Hardscaping Installation
CLASSIFICATIONS
Marble Setting, Exterior Only
Masonry, N.O.C.
Pavers (Decorative Brick Or Stone) Installation
Plaster Block Erection
Retaining Wall Construction (Excluding Concrete)
Sandblasting The Outside Of Buildings – By
Specialist Contractor
Silo Erection - Masonry Or Tile
Stone Setting - Structural
Stonework Erection By Contractor
Structural Glass Block Installation, Interior
Stucco Wall Coating
Tuck Pointing
Waterproofing Of Buildings
Window Caulking
654 CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION
Applicable to commercial concrete building construction such as self-bearing floors, foundations, piers,
bridges, culverts or silos. Also applicable to making or erecting forms, placing reinforcing rods, taking
down or stripping forms and finishing (smoothing out irregularities) the poured concrete. Code 654
applies to each of the aforementioned steps in the concrete construction process whether all work is
performed by one contractor or one or more of the job steps are outsourced to a specialty
subcontractor(s).
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Grouting (including drilling) which is the placement of cement, plastic compounds or
concrete or the pumping of fly ash.
Guniting (Shotcrete Installation).
Pouring concrete into driven pilings.
Ground-supported concrete footings or foundation walls in the construction of commercial or
residential buildings three stories or more.
Precast concrete panel or wall installation.
The wrecking or demolition of concrete or concrete encased buildings or structures.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 608 to a specialty contractor performing ground-supported concrete work in the
construction of houses or one or two-story commercial buildings.
Assign Code 609 to excavation performed by mechanical equipment. See Code 609 for
further information.
Assign Code 855 to concrete pumping services by a specialist contractor.
Assign Code 855 to a separately-staffed and permanently-located ready mix concrete plant.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cell Tower Erection – Building Of The Concrete
Pad By Contractor
Cement Finishing
Concrete Construction
Concrete Floor Construction, Self-Bearing
Concrete Form Erection
Concrete Parking Garage Construction
Concrete Reinforcing Rod Setting
Concrete Work, Dams
Concrete Work, Floors, Etc., Above Ground Level
False Work Erection For Concrete Construction
Grouting - Including Drilling - Placing Of Cement,
Plastic Compounds Or Concrete, Or Pumping Of
Fly Ash
Guniting (Shotcrete Installation)
Panel Or Wall Installation - Precast Concrete
Parking Garage Construction - Concrete
Precast Concrete Panel Or Wall Installation
Reinforcing Rod Setting - Including By Specialist
Contractor
Retaining Wall Construction - Concrete
Shotcrete Installation (Guniting)
Silo Erection - Concrete
Wall Or Panel Installation - Precast Concrete
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 55
CLASSIFICATIONS
655 IRON ERECTION
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bridge Building - Metal
Bridge Painting
Cell Tower Erection – Erection Of The Tower By
Contractor
Cell Tower Erection – Antenna(s) Installation,
Service And/Or Repair By Contractor
Chimney Cleaning - Industrial Smokestacks
Concrete, Pre-Stressed, Erection By Contractor
Corrosion Proofing Of Chemical Tanks
Fire Escape Installation By Contractor - Outside
Gas Holder Erection
Iron Erection
Iron Or Steel Erection, Structural
Metal Furring, By Contractor
Oil Field Tank Painting
Oil Rig Or Derrick Erecting And Dismantling
Oil Still Erection
Painting Of: Bridges, Oil Field Tanks, Steel
Structures Or Tanks
Ski-Lift Erection
Smokestack Or Chimney Lining - Industrial
Steel Erection, N.O.C.
Steel Frame Structure Erection
Steel Structures Painting
Steel Tank Erector
Steel Tower Erection For Cross-Country Electric--Or Telephone --- Lines
Swimming Pool Installation - Iron Or Steel
Tank Erection - Steel
Tank Painting
Water Tank Painting
Welding - Structural Steel
Windmill Erection - Metal
656 ELECTRIC--- or Telephone --- LINE CONSTRUCTION by Contractors
Includes the setting of poles, installation of pole hardware or transformers or the stringing of lines. ---
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 005 to payroll developed in the clearing of right-of-way on new lines, maintenance of
right-of-way on existing lines or tree trimming.
Assign Code 655 to payroll developed in the erection of steel towers for cross-country lines.
Separately rate the tasks performed by a contractor(s) in erecting a cell phone tower as provided
for in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Electric Line Construction, By Contractor
Floodlight Erection - Permanent
Installation Of Telephone--- Or Electric Pole
Hardware
Installation Of Telephone---Or Electric
Transformers
Power Line Construction
Setting Of Telephone--- Poles
Stringing Of Electric--- Or Telephone --- Lines
Telephone --- Line Construction By Contractor
657 RIGGING, N.O.C.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bell Installation - Tower Bells
Mobile Crane & Hoisting Operations, By Rigging Contractor
Rigging - Non Ship
Safe Moving
658 IRON ERECTION or Installation – ornamental or non-structural only
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Architectural Bronze, Iron, And Brass Metal Work,
Erection Only
Balcony Erection
Banister, Railing, Or Guard Erection - Metal
Fence Erection - Metal
Fire Escape Installation, Inside
Fireproof Shutter Erection
Flagpole - Erection
Guardrail Erection - By Specialist Contractor
Iron Erection, Ornamental Or Non-Structural Only
Metal Fence Erection – By Specialist Contractor
Ornamental Brass Erection
Ornamental Bronze Erection
Ornamental Iron Grill Erection
Ornamental Iron Railing Erection
Prison Cell Erection – Steel
Railing Erection - Metal
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 56
CLASSIFICATIONS
659 ROOFING – ALL KINDS
Applicable to specialist contractors performing any type of roofing, roofing repair or reroofing job utilizing
any type of roofing material, including but not necessarily limited to hot tar, shingles, slate, tile or rubber on
any type of roof, such as flat, sloped or built-up. Includes all personnel working on a roofing job (e.g.,
ground personnel passing materials to personnel on the roof and picking up debris and personnel on the
roof).
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Roof decking and related carpentry work performed by a roofing contractor.
2. The installation of sheet metal products (e.g., fascia, gutters, downspouts, chimney flashing) by a
roofing contractor that is a part of a roofing job.
3. Roof spraying, painting or coating by a roofing contractor.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. There is no payroll division between Codes 659 and 676 at the same location or job.
2. Assign Code 454 to a separately-staffed and located sheet metal fabrication shop.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Roofing - All Kinds
660 ALARM OR SOUND SYSTEM – Installation or Repair
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alarm Or Sound System Installation
Audio And Intercommunication System Installation Within Buildings
Battery Back-Up Power Systems – Service Or
Repair By Specialist Contractor
Burglar Alarm System Installation, By Contractor
Cell Tower Erection – Wiring The Cell Site
Closed Circuit Television Systems - Installation Or
Repair
Computer Wiring Installation Within Buildings – By
Specialist Contractor
Environmental Control Systems Installation,
Service Or Repair – By Specialist Contractor
Fire Alarm System Installation
Intercommunication System Installation, Within
Buildings
Invisible Fence Installation
Public Address Systems Installation - Including
Loudspeakers
Sound System Installation
Telephone Cable Laying With Automatic
Equipment (Ditchwitch) – Street to Building –
By Specialist Contractor
--Telephone Wiring Installation Within Buildings - By
Specialist Contractor
661 ELECTRICAL WIRING – within BUILDINGS
Includes electric fixtures, apparatus installation or the making of service connections.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 656 to payroll developed in overhead electric--- telephone --- line construction.
Assign Code 660 to payroll developed in the installation and/or service or repair of alarms or
sound systems as provided for in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cable Installation Or Replacement In Existing
Conduit - By Specialist Contractor
Electric Cable Laying With Automatic Equipment
(Ditchwitch) – Street To Building -By Specialist
Contractor
Electric Fixture Installation - By Contractor
Electrical Contractor
Electrical Wiring In Buildings - By Contractor
Electronic Garage Door Opener Installation - By
Contractor
Floodlight Erection, Temporary - By Contractor
Meters - Electric, Installing, Repairing And Testing,
Including Shop - By Contractor
Service Connections, Electrical Contractor
Solar Electric (Photovoltaic) System Installation
Traffic Light Installation - By Contractor
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 57
CLASSIFICATIONS
662 APPLIANCE – Electrical – SERVICE or REPAIR
Includes the service or repair of window-unit type air conditioners, domestic refrigerators and/or
commercial or domestic appliances including but not necessarily limited to: stoves, dishwashers, washing
machines or clothes dryers. Also includes incidental shop or parts department employees.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Assign Code 661 to payroll developed in the installation of electrical wiring.
Assign Code 663 to payroll developed in the installation of plumbing.
Assign the applicable store class to separately-staffed store operations.
Assign Code 664 to payroll developed in the installation, service or repair of central air
conditioning units or commercial refrigeration (including walk-in) units.
Assign Code 675 to payroll developed in the installation, service or repair of industrial equipment
(e.g., conveyor ovens).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Conditioning Window-Type Units - Service Or
Repair
Appliances, Major Household Or Commercial,
Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
Dryers, Household Or Commercial, Electrical Or
Gas - Service Or Repair
Electrical Or Gas Household Major Or Commercial
Appliances - Service Or Repair
Gas Fireplace Service Or Repair
Household Major Or Commercial Appliances,
Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
Refrigerator, Household - Service Or Repair
Stoves, Household Or Commercial, Electric Or Gas
- Service Or Repair
Washing Machines, Household Or Commercial,
Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
Water Cooler - Installation, Service Or Repair
663 PLUMBING: gas, steam, hot water or other pipefitting, including house connections – shop payroll, if
any, must be included
Includes work within buildings.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 607 to payroll developed in geothermal and/or water well drilling.
Assign Code 675 to pipefitting in connection with the installation of machinery or apparatus
outside of buildings.
Assign Code 677 to payroll developed in the installation, service or repair of commercial or
industrial high pressure hot water or steam heating equipment.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Asbestos Encapsulation Or Removal (A Pipe
Surface)
Automatic Sprinkler Installation
Automatic Stoker, Gas Or Oil Burner Installation
Beer Drawing Equipment, Cleaning And Installation
French Drain Installation
Furnace - Hot Water Or Steam - Installation,
Service Or Repair
Furnace Cleaning - Hot Water Or Steam
Gas Pipefitting, Indoor
Heating Equipment - Installation - Hot Water Or
Steam
Hot Water Tank - Installation, Service Or Repair
Insulation Work, Pipe (Incl. Asbestos Encapsulation
Or Removal)
Lawn Sprinkler Installation
Lead Paint Removal (From A Pipe Surface) - By
Contractor
Milking Equipment Installation
Oil Still Pipe Insulation
Pipe Covering Installation (Incl. Asbestos
Encapsulation Or Removal)
Pipe Laying For House Or Service Connections, By
Plumbing Contractor
Pipefitting - House Connections
Plumbing, N.O.C.
Pump Installation, Water
Sewer Cleaning, House Connections, Using
Portable Equipment
Soda Dispensers - Installation And Repair
Solar Water Heater Installation - Including Storage
Tanks And Solar Panels
Sprinkler Installation
Stoker Installation Or Repair
Sump Pump Installation
Water Meter Installation - By Contractor
Water Softener Installation And Service, Domestic
Water Well Cleaning
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 58
CLASSIFICATIONS
664 HEATING, VENTILATING or AIR CONDITIONING CONTRACTOR
Applicable to contractors performing forced air heating, ventilating or air conditioning equipment
installation required for air comfort control or engaged in the service or repair of such equipment. Further
included is any incidental duct or shop work.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 607 to payroll developed in geothermal or water well drilling.
Assign Code 662 to payroll developed in the service or repair of window-unit air conditioners.
Assign Code 663 to payroll developed in the installation, service or repair of either hot water or
steam heating equipment.
Assign Code 677 to payroll developed in the installation, service or repair of commercial or
industrial high pressure hot water or steam heating equipment.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Conditioning (Central) Systems Installation,
Repair Or Service
Central Air Conditioning Systems Installation,
Service Or Repair
Cleaning, Oiling Or Adjusting Of Air Conditioning,
Forced Air Heating Or Ventilating Systems
Duct Fabrication And Installation - Heating,
Ventilating Or Air Conditioning
Furnace Cleaning - Hot Forced Air
Heating Systems - Hot Forced Air, Repair Or
Service - Cleaning, Oiling Or Adjusting
Heating Systems Installation, Except Electric, Hot
Water Or Steam
Radon Mitigation
Refrigeration Or Central Air Conditioning Units
Installation Or Service
Ventilating System Installation
Ventilating Systems Repair Or Service - Cleaning,
Oiling Or Adjusting
Warm Air Heating System Installation
665 PAINTING and Decorating, including shop
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 655 to payroll developed in the painting of steel structures or bridges.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Calcimining, By Contractor
Painting, Including Shop and Preparatory Sandblasting
Shingle Staining, On Structures, Including Shop Work
Whitewashing, By Contractor
666 PLATE and Wire GLASS INSTALLATION
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 536 to payroll developed by a separate shop staff engaged in the manufacture of
glass products including bending, beveling or silvering of purchased plate glass.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Glass Door Installation
Glass Installer, Except Automobile
Glazier, Away From Shop
Glazing
Mirror Installation
Plate Glass Installation
Wire Glass Installation
667 PAPER HANGING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Glass or Window Tinting, Except For Auto Glass
Paperhanging
Solar Control Film Installation In Window
Wallpaper Hanging
Window or Glass Tinting, Except For Auto Glass
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 59
CLASSIFICATIONS
668 TILE, STONE, MOSAIC or TERRAZZO WORK – Interior Construction Only including Marble
Setting and Tile Wainscoting, but excluding Cement Finishing and Structural Glass Block Installation.
Structural glass block installation shall be assignable to Code 653 .
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ceramic Tile Installation
Floor Installation - Ceramic Tile
Granite Countertop Installation
Interior Marble Installation
Interior Tile Mosaic Work
Marble Setting, Interior Only
Mosaic Tile Installation
Stone Setting - Non-Structural
Terrazzo Floor Laying
Tile Floor Laying - Ceramic Or Mosaic
Tile Wainscoting Installation
669 PLASTERING, including lathing
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Lathing
Plastering, N.O.C.
Stucco Work, Building Interiors
670 HOUSE FURNISHINGS INSTALLATION, N.O.C.
Separately staffed store operations shall be assigned to the appropriate store class.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carpet Installation, By Specialist Contractor
Curtain Or Drapery Installation From Floor Or
Ladder
Drapery Or Curtain Installation From Floor Or
Ladder
Flag And Bunting Erection From Floor Or Ladder
Floor Coverings - Installation Of Linoleum, Asphalt
Or Rubber Tiling - Not Ceramic Tile Installation
Floor Installation - Not Concrete, Ceramic Or Wood
Floor Laying - Linoleum, Asphalt, Rubber Or
Composition Tiling, Not Ceramic
Furnishing Goods Installation
House Furnishings Installation
Linoleum Laying
Rubber Tile Installation
Slipcover Installation
Tile Floor Laying, Not Ceramic Or Mosaic
Upholstering - Away From Shop
Venetian Blind Installation, No Mfg.
Vinyl Tile Installation
Window Shade Installation
673 ADVERTISING SIGN, Manufacture, Erection or Repair – Not Outdoor Advertising Company.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Advertising Sign Mfg., Erection And Repair, Not Outdoor Advertising Company
Electrical Sign And Advertising Display Mfg., Installation And Repair
Neon Sign Mfg., Installation Or Repair
Scoreboard Mfg., Installation Or Repair - Electric
Sign Erection, Removal Or Repair, Not Outdoor Advertising Company
674 SWIMMING POOL CONSTRUCTION, all work to completion
The construction of iron or steel pools shall be assigned to Code 655. Pool cleaning or maintenance work
performed by a separate crew or by a specialist contractor is to be assigned to Code 971.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Swimming Pool Installation - All Types Except Iron Or Steel - All Work To Completion
Swimming Pool Liner Installation - Vinyl, By Swimming Pool Installation Contractor
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 60
CLASSIFICATIONS
675 MACHINERY or EQUIPMENT ERECTION or REPAIR
Applies to the erection or repair of factory machinery or to the installation, erection or repair of elevators,
escalators, conveyors or hoisting systems.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Acetylene Gas Machine Installation
Conveyor Or Conveyor Belt Installation, By
Contractor
Conveyor Oven Installation, Service Or Repair
Crane Or Derrick Installation
Crane Repair, Permanently Located, By Specialist
Contractor
Dismantling, Installation Or Service Or Repair Of
Machinery Or Industrial Equipment, By
Contractor
Door Installation, Overhead - Wood Or Metal
Electrical Apparatus, Machinery Or Motor
Installation Or Field Repair
Elevator Erection Or Repair
Escalator Installation, By Contractor
Gasoline Station Equipment Installation (Including
Excavation) Or Repair
Hoist Installation
Industrial Crane Installation
Installation Of Hod Hoists, Etc.
Installation Or Dismantling Of Machinery And
Industrial Equipment, By Contractor
Laundry Equipment Installation, Service Or Repair
- Industrial
Machine Belting Installation Or Repair
Machinery Erection, Not By Manufacturer
Machinery Or Industrial Equipment Installation,
Service Or Repair Or Dismantling, By Contractor
Millwrighting
Monorail System Installation (Except For Public
Transportation)
Oven (Conveyor) Installation, Service Or Repair
Overhead Door Installation
Pipefitting, Installation Of Apparatus Or Machinery
Outside Of Buildings
Pump Installation, Service Stations
Pump, Air And Gas Compressor, And Pumping
Equipment - Installation
Safe Installation
Scaffold Sale, Rental Or Erection, By Specialist
Contractor
Scale Installation Or Adjustment, Platform Or Beam
Type
Tank Installation, Gas Stations
Textile Machinery Installation
676 SHEET METAL INSTALLATION, No payroll division with Code 659 at the same location or job site
Code 676 shall be assigned to both the shop and the erection or installation payroll developed by an
insured engaged in both the shop fabrication of sheet metal products and the erection or installation
thereof.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Downspout Installation - Metal
Gutter Installation - Metal
Metal Ceiling Installation
677 BOILER INSTALLATION or Repair
Applicable to the installation or repair of commercial or industrial high-pressure steam boilers.
Includes all work to completion except brickwork, which must be assigned to Code 653 .
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boiler Installation Or Repair
Construction Of Boiler Foundations
Grate Installation In Boilers, By Specialist Contractor
Pipe Connection, For Boilers
Steel Work In Connection With Boilers
679 ADVERTISING COMPANY, OUTDOOR
Applicable to outdoor advertising companies and includes but is not necessarily limited to: shop
operations, the erection, painting, repair, maintenance or removal of signs, sign painting or lettering in or
upon buildings or structures or bill posting.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Advertising Company - Outdoor
Bill Posting (Including By Specialist Contractor)
Billboard - Erection, Maintenance And/Or Changing Of Advertising By Outdoor Advertising Co. Or
Specialist Contractor
Sign Painting Or Lettering In Or Upon Buildings Or Structures
681 CANVAS GOODS, Awning or Tent ERECTION, Removal or Repair
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Awning Erection Or Installation (Cloth)
Canvas Products Erection
Curtain Or Drapery Installation From Scaffolding
Drapery Or Curtain Installation From Scaffolding
Flag Or Bunting Erection From Scaffolding
Tent Installation
691 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary EXCAVATION Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 609.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Excavation Staff
Excavation - Temporary Staff
Temporary Excavation Staff
693 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary COMMERCIAL Structure
CARPENTRY Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 651.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carpentry, N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Carpentry, N.O.C. Staff
Temporary Carpentry, N.O.C. Staff
695 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR  Temporary ELECTRICAL WIRING (within
buildings) Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 661.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Electrical Wiring (Within Buildings) - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Electrical Wiring (Within Buildings) Staff
Temporary Electrical Wiring (Within Buildings) Staff
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CLASSIFICATIONS
SPECIAL STATE ACT EXPOSURES
709 TALLYMEN AND CHECKING CLERKS – engaged in connection with stevedoring work
Coverage under State Act only.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Public Weighers And Samplers Of Steamship Agency - State Coverage Only
Tallymen - State Coverage Only
716 MARINA.
Applicable to all waterfront operations, including but not necessarily limited to: the operation of boat docks,
storage facilities, repair shops or marine railways, the sale or repair of boats or engines, the sale of parts
or accessories, dockside snack bars and all dockside employees. The operation of separately-staffed
inland boat showrooms or the operation of separately-staffed motels, restaurants, swimming pools,
bowling lanes or other recreational facilities shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
Separate staff engaged in boat building are assignable to Code 718.
Coverage under State Act only.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boat Rental - State Coverage Only
Boat Storage And Moorage - State Coverage Only
Marina - State Coverage Only
Yacht Basin - State Coverage Only
718 BOAT BUILDING OR REPAIR
Coverage under State Act only.
Includes businesses engaged in the building of recreational vessels and/or the repairing and the
dismantling of a recreational vessel in connection with the repair of such vessel as defined in the United
States Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (LHWCA) as amended who have been granted
exemption from the LHWCA by the United States Secretary of Labor. A copy of the exemption certificate
shall be made available to the PCRB as documentation.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boat Building – Recreational - State Coverage Only
Boat Dismantling – Recreational - State Coverage Only
Boat Repairing – Recreational - State Coverage Only
721 RAILROAD OPERATION, N.O.C., including shop, ordinary maintenance and repair of roadbed
The policies for risks with operations assignable to Code 721 must be endorsed excluding insurance of
Federal Employers’ Liability Act coverage. (Part Two)
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Railroad, N.O.C. - Including Shop
744 AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURE
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Mfg.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UTILITIES OPERATION
751 GAS UTILITY
Payroll developed by meter readers having no regular duty of any other nature in the service of the
employer shall be assigned to Code 951.
As provided for in this Manual separately classify: geophysical exploration, drilling for gas deposits, the
operation of gas wells and the construction or operation of cross-country pipelines.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Gas Utility
Manufactured Gas Utility
Mixed Gas Utility
Natural Gas Utility
752 OIL OR GAS PIPELINE OPERATION
Applies to the operation of cross-country pipelines for the transmission of oil or natural gas, which may
include the laying or relaying of gathering or distributing lines, the operating of pumping stations, line
checking, meter reading, line maintenance or repair and prevailing right-of-way clearance.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 028 to the operation of oil or gas wells by the oil or gas well’s lease owner or a contract
operator.
2. Assign Code 581 to businesses engaged in oil refining.
3. Assign Code 607 to contractors performing oil or gas well services including but not necessarily limited
to: installation, recovery or replacement of casing, well cementing, well cleaning or swabbing, well
fracturing/formation fracturing or well logging.
4. Assign Code 609 to contractors building a cross-country pipeline.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Gas Or Oil Pipeline Operation
Oil Or Gas Pipeline Operation
753 WATERWORKS
Payroll developed by meter readers having no regular duty of any other nature in the service of the
employer shall be assigned to Code 951.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Irrigation Plant, Selling And Pipe-Distributing Water
Liquid Waste Treatment Plant
Sewage Disposal Plant, Private
Steam Heating Company
Waste Treatment Plant - Liquid
Water Supply System, Private
Waterworks
755 ELECTRIC UTILITIES Operation
Payroll developed by meter readers having no regular duty of any other nature in the service of the
employer shall be assigned to Code 951.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cooperative Electric Utility
Electric Utility Operation
Private Electric Utility
R.E.A. Cooperative
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CLASSIFICATIONS
757 TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANY – including installation, maintenance, repair and operation
of telephone lines and systems, remote transmission sites and central office switching equipment
Applicable to FCC licensed telecommunications firms. The services provided include but are not
necessarily limited to: wireline, long distance, cellular, radio paging or mobile radio services for customers
on a fee basis.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Specialist contractors performing installation, maintenance or repair of telephone lines,
installing or replacing telephone poles or installing or servicing telephones for
telecommunications companies shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
Separately rate the tasks performed by a contractor(s) in erecting a cell phone tower. Such tasks may
include but are not necessarily limited to:
a. Assign Code 609 is to the clearing, excavation or grading of the site.
b. Assign Code 654 to building the concrete pad.
c. Assign Code 655 is applicable to the erection of the tower and the installation of the tower’s
antennas.
d. Assign Code 660 to running a lateral connecting the cell tower site to the land-line telephone
network and/or wiring the cell site.
e. Assign Code 952 to the installation of computerized telephone call switching equipment in the
cell site’s base station.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Telecommunications Company
Telegraph Operation
Telephone Company
759 CABLE TELEVISION OPERATIONS
Applicable to contractors or operators engaged in cable television system installation or erection or system
hook-up or service and/or repair or the operation of a cable television system.
Separately staffed broadcasting studios and/or separate crews engaged in the presentation and/or filming
of news or sporting events shall be classified by Code 936.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cable T.V. - Installation - Hooking Up Of Customers To Systems
Cable T.V. - Installation Of New System, Except Towers
Cable T.V. - Service And/Or Repair Work For The System And Individual Customer
Television, Cable - Installation Of New Systems, Except Towers
TRUCKING AND STORAGE
801 STABLE, Livestock commission merchant or stockyard not associated with slaughterhouses
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Auctioneer, Livestock
Boarding Stable
Breeding Farm - Horse
Carriage Tours Or Taxis (Horse Driven)
Cattle Auctioneer
Cattle Dealer
Farrier (Horse Shoeing By Specialist Contractor)
Horse Breeding Farm Or Boarding/Training Stable
Horse Driven Carriage Tours Or Taxis
Horse Shoeing By Specialist Contractor
Jockey - Employed By A Horse Breeding Farm Or
Boarding/Training Stable
Livestock Commission Merchant
Livestock Dealer
Racing Stable
Riding Academy
Sales Stable
Stable
Stockyard
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CLASSIFICATIONS
802 MOBILE CRANE RENTAL WITH OPERATORS
Applicable to specialist contractors engaged in the rental and/or leasing of cranes with operators.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Does not include the installation and/or service/repair of overhead cranes in an industrial setting.
Assign Code 657 to rigging contractors.
Assign Code 814 to the rental or leasing of mobile cranes without operators.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Crane Rental (Mobile) – With Operators By Specialist Contractor
Mobile Crane Leasing Or Rental – With Operators By Specialist Contractor
803 TAXICAB COMPANY
Applicable to a business engaged in operating a vehicle(s) that is available for immediate hire (on a cell
and demand basis) with the fare to be determined by zone or meter.
When cabs are leased to operators and no payroll records are available, an amount of $---45,850 per
annum shall be taken as payroll per operator. This amount may be prorated if the operator does not work
a full year.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Taxicab Company
804 SCHOOL ---TRANSPORTATION – by independent contractor
Applicable to ---an independent contractor--- engaged in the transportation of students to and from school.
Such a business may also perform the transportation of students to and from sporting events or field trips.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Bus Operation, School Bus
Bus Operation, School
School Bus Operation, By Contractor
805 MILK HAULING – by contractor
Applies to contractors engaged in hauling unprocessed or processed milk, water or other liquid food
products by tank truck.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 811 to contractors hauling brine or water for oil or gas well drilling or fracing.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Milk Hauling - By Contractor
Water Hauling - Tank Truck - By Contractor
806 FURNITURE MOVING and/or STORAGE
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
The packaging or handling of households goods away from the employer’s premises by the furniture
moving and/or storage company or by an independent packing contractor.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 811 to the transporting or delivery and the setting into place at the customers’ locations
of furniture and/or major household appliances under contract for a manufacturer or store.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Furniture Moving And/Or Storage
Household Goods Packing At The Customer's Location By The Moving Company Or By Independent
Contractor
Merchandise Warehouse - Furniture - Including Moving
Mover - Household Or Office Furniture - With Or Without Storage Facility
Packing Household Goods At The Customer's Location By The Moving Company Or By Independent
Contractor
Piano Mover
Warehouse - Public, Furniture
807 AMBULANCE SERVICE – ---Salaried Employees
Applicable to an independent contractor operating an ambulance service staffed by salaried employees.
Each ambulance service is licensed by the Bureau of Emergency Medical Services of the Pennsylvania
Department of Health who also credentials ambulance attendants. An ambulance service may engage
in both emergency and non-emergency patient transfers. Non-emergency transfers are generally by
appointment.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ambulance Service - Non-Volunteer
808 PARCEL DELIVERY Company – No handling of bulk merchandise or freight
Applies to risks engaged in the delivery of envelopes, parcels or packages limited to 150 pounds or less.
Envelopes, parcels or packages refers to those items where the delivery tariff or charge is allocable to the
individual envelope, parcel or package.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 811 to the hauling or transporting of materials or merchandise when the haulage or
transport charge is based on truckload or partial truckload, the cumulative weight of the
materials/merchandise being transported, the distance or mileage that the materials/merchandise is
being transported, an hourly rate, or a flat contract price for the consignment.
2. Assign Code 811 to the transporting or delivery and setting into place at customers’ locations of
furniture and/or major household appliances under contract for a manufacturer or store.
3. Assign Code 802 to specialist contractors engaged in the rental and/or leasing of cranes with
operators.
4. Assign Code 805 to the hauling of unprocessed or processed milk, water or other liquid food products
by tank truck.
5. Assign Code 810 to the hauling of unprepared coal.
6. Assign Code 812 to the hauling or delivery of mail involving letters, parcels, packages, sacks, pallets
or rolling containers under contract to the United States Postal Service.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Armored Motor Truck Delivery
Automobile Driveaway Service, For Transportation of Private Clients' Cars
Parcel Delivery Company
809 FUEL DISTRIBUTION – Retail or Wholesale
For businesses principally engaged in the sale of processed coal, fuel oil, liquefied petroleum (LP), gas
(bottled gas or in bulk), or any combination of these lines.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Separate crews installing and/or servicing fuel oil or gas heating units shall be separately classified as
provided in this Manual.
2. See Code 810 for the procedure for classifying the hauling of unprepared coal.
3. Assign Code 811 to trucking businesses hauling fuel for unrelated businesses or prepared coal from
coal preparation plants.
4. Assign Code 7313F to businesses operating coal or oil docks.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Anhydrous Ammonia Dealer
Bottled Gas Dealer
Butane Gas Dealer
Coal Merchant
Collection Of Used Motor Oil - By Specialist
Contractor
Fuel Oil Distributor
Fuel Yard
Gas Distribution, Bottled Or Bulk
Gasoline Dealer, Wholesale
Kerosene Distribution
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Dealer And Distributor
Motor Oil (Used) - Collection By Specialist
Contractor
Naphtha Distribution
Oil Distributing, Retail And Wholesale
Petroleum Broker
Petroleum Bulk Stations And Terminals - Including
Blending And Mixing
Propane Gas Dealer
Used Motor Oil Collection - By Specialist Contractor
810 COAL TRUCKING
Applies to payroll developed in truck delivery of unprepared coal and is applied to all those engaged in the
hauling of unprepared coal except employers assigned to Coal Mine Rating Bureau Codes 1001, 1010,
1012, 1014, 1015, 1021 and 1023.
If hauling of unprepared coal consists of only part of the operation of a hauling contractor, the payroll
expended for unprepared coal hauling shall be reported separately and assigned to Code 810. If there is
no separation, all payroll for hauling operations shall be assigned to Code 810 or to Code 811, whichever
has the higher manual rate. When Code 811 is used as a result of this rule, attach the Federal Coal Mine
Health and Safety Act Endorsement at no added charge. Other records of the insured, such as receipts,
shall be examined to confirm the breakout of payroll.
Hauling contractors engaged in trucking of prepared coal from coal preparation plants shall be included
within Class 811. See Code 809 for rules regarding coal trucking by dealers.
The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act Endorsement shall be attached to a policy developing
payroll under Code 810, and Code 0162 must be used to designate the nonrateable premium developed
by applying the 0162 rate to such payroll.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Coal Hauling, Unprepared - By Contractor
811 TRUCKING, N.O.C.
Applicable to hauling contractors principally engaged in hauling or transporting materials or merchandise
for unrelated concerns when the haulage or transport charge is based on truckload or partial truckload, the
cumulative weight of the materials/merchandise being transported, the distance or mileage that the
materials/merchandise is being transported, an hourly rate, or a flat contract price for the consignment.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Dispatchers and/or clerks on loading platforms, drivers, chauffeurs and their helpers and employees
repairing vehicles.
2. The transporting or delivery and setting into place at customers’ locations of furniture and/or major
household appliances under contract for a manufacturer or store.
3. Hauling contractors engaged in trucking of prepared coal from coal preparation plants.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 802 to specialist contractors engaged in the rental and/or leasing of cranes with
operators.
2. Assign Code 805 to the hauling of unprocessed or processed milk, water or other liquid food products
by tank truck.
3. Assign Code 808 to the delivery of envelopes, parcels or packages limited to 150 pounds or less
where the delivery tariff or charge is allocable to the individual envelope, parcel or package.
4. Assign Code 810 to the hauling of unprepared coal.
5. Assign Code 812 to the hauling or delivery of mail involving letters, parcels, packages, sacks, pallets
or rolling containers under contract to the United States Postal Service.
6. Assign Code 995 to rubbish or garbage collection or debris box rental/service and dumpster
rental/service.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Hauler
Brine Hauling
Chauffeurs And Helpers, Employed By Hauling
Contractor
Clerks On Loading Platforms
Dispatchers On Loading Platforms
Hauling Contractor
Trucking, N.O.C.
Water Hauling – For Oil Or Gas Well Drilling Or
Fracing
812 MAIL HAULING or Delivery Service COMPANY
Applies to risks engaged under contract to the United States Postal Service for the hauling or delivery of
mail involving letters, parcels, packages, sacks, pallets or rolling containers.
Includes U.S. Postal Service contract mail delivery performed on a bulk or individual item basis.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Mail Delivery - Under Contract To United States Postal Service
813 WAREHOUSING – Other than furniture moving and/or storage
For establishments principally engaged in either the cold storage or the warehousing or storage of general
merchandise for unrelated concerns.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cold Storage
Merchandise Warehouse - Cold Or General
Merchandise
Portable On Demand Storage – Rental – Delivery
To And Pick Up From Customer Locations
Storage - Cold Or General Merchandise
Storage Warehouse, Public
Warehouse - Storage, Public
Warehousing - Other Than Furniture Moving And/Or
Storage
814 DEALER IN MOBILE, SELF-PROPELLED factory, farm or construction EQUIPMENT including parts department
Payroll developed by employees engaged in the sale of mobile self-propelled factory, farm or construction
equipment shall be assigned to Code 819.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Construction Equipment - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
Contractors Equipment - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
Crane Repair, Mobile, By Specialist Contractor
Equipment Dealer - Mobile, Self-Propelled - Factory, Farm Or Construction
Farm Machinery Dealer
Forklift Service And/Or Repair - By Specialist Contractor (Shop Or At Customer's Location)
Forklift Truck Dealer - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
Golf Cart - Rental, Sale And/Or Maintenance - By Specialist Contractor
Mobile Crane Repair, By Specialist Contractor
Mobile Equipment Dealer - Factory, Farm Or Construction
Tractor Dealer, Including Servicing And Repair
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CLASSIFICATIONS
815 AUTOMOBILE SERVICE CENTER or Garage – including counter personnel and estimators
Tire recapping or retreading shall be assigned to Code 225 when performed by a separate crew of
employees in a physically separate work area.
See the Code 934 Section 2 class description for how to classify an auto parts store that also provides
automobile repair services.
Counter personnel for auto repair facilities wait on customers, prepare job cost or sales estimates, write up
orders and collect payments for services rendered or merchandise purchased. As described, counter
duties are a normal, integral and basic part of the operation of these types of facilities and, as such,
counter personnel for automobile repair facilities and/or automobile tire dealers are assigned to Code 815.
Please see the Automobile Service/Gasoline Station entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for information on classifying such business enterprise.
Also assigned to businesses principally engaged in dismantling automobiles or other vehicles to recover
usable used parts and includes the sale of the parts at the same location as the dismantling.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Conditioning Systems, Automobile Or Truck
Installation, Service Or Repair
Automobile Body Repairing
Automobile Dismantler
Automobile Paint Shop
Automobile Radiator Repair Shop
Automobile Repair Shop
Automobile Towing Company
Carriage Repairing
Customizing Vans
Fender Repairing, Automobile
Frame Straightening On Automobiles
Garage
Glass Installer, Automobile
Maintenance Of Buses, By Public Garage
Quick Oil Change And Lubrication Garage
Recovery Of Usable Automobile Parts
Rubber Tire Dealer, Retail
Taximeter Installation Or Repair
Tire Dealer, Retail
Truck Washing Service, Mobile
Van Conversion Or Customizing
Wagon Repairing
816 AUTOMOBILE FILLING STATION – Retail
Please see the Automobile Service/Gasoline Station entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for information on classifying such business enterprise.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Laundry
Car Wash
Gasoline Station, Retail - Exclusively Gasoline Sales
817 BUS ---OPERATION
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
---Assign Code 828 to a business operating a paratransit and/or a shared ride program.
Assign Code 951 to separate staff engaged as tour guides.
Assign Code 803 to a business operating a vehicle(s) that is available for immediate hire (on a call
and demand basis) with the fare to be determined by zone or meter.
Assign Code 804 to an independent contractor engaged in the transportation of students to and from
school.
Assign Code 807 to an ambulance service staffed by salaried people.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Rental Company With Drivers
(Limousine Service)
Bus Operation, Scheduled Lines
--Charter Bus Service
Escort Service For Oversize Loads On Highways
Funeral Escort Service (Motorcycle)
Limousine Services
Maintenance Of Buses, By Bus-Operating
Company
Motorcycle Funeral Escort Service
Oversize Loads On Highways - By Specialist Escort
Contractor
Railroad Operation - Street, Including Shop
Scheduled ---Lines Bus Operation
Shuttle Service – By Specialist Contractor
--Trolley Operation – Tracked Or Trackless---
818 AUTOMOBILE or Automobile Truck DEALER - All Employees Including Office.
Also includes but is not necessarily limited to: inland boat dealers, mobile home dealers, recreational
vehicle dealers or specialist contractors performing mobile home set-up or warranty service.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 652 to modular home setup, warranty service, remodeling or repair.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Dealer - New And/Or Used Cars
Automobile Rental - No Drivers
Boat Dealer, With Services, Inland
Mobile Home - Setup Or Warranty Service - By
Specialist Contractor
Mobile Home Dealer
819 MOBILE, SELF-PROPELLED
SALESPERSON.
factory,
Motorcycle Dealer (Including Sale Of Accessory
Merchandise Such As Clothing, Racing Gear,
Etc.)
Recreational Vehicle Dealer
Truck Dealer - New And/Or Used Trucks
Truck Rental - Without Drivers
farm
or
construction
EQUIPMENT
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Auctioneer, Automobile
Automobile Driver School
820 AUTOMOBILE AUCTION - including snack bar or restaurant.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the auctioning of automobiles to automobile wholesalers,
used car dealers, automobile dealerships or the general public. Also includes the auctioning of trucks and
motorcycles. Also includes the operation of a snack bar or restaurant when conducted in conjunction with the
auction.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Automobile auctioneers are assigned to Code 819.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Auction, Automobile (Including Snack Bar Or Restaurant, Automobile Auctioneers To Be Assigned To
Code 819)
Automobile Auction (Including Snack Bar Or Restaurant, Automobile Auctioneers To Be Assigned To Code
819)
821 BEVERAGE DISTRIBUTOR, Wholesale
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Beer And Ale Dealer, In Keg Or Case Lots Wholesale
Beverage Distributing, Carbonated, Including Beer - Wholesale
Soft Drink Distributing - Wholesale
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CLASSIFICATIONS
825 AUTOMOBILE STORAGE GARAGE or PARKING STATION or LOT – No Automobile
Repair
For automobile storage garages/parking stations/parking lots whose business is the storing or parking of
automobiles. Includes cashiers who receive payment from customers.
Parking attendants on the payroll of enterprises such as hotels, restaurants, stores or theaters – not drivein theaters – which operate parking facilities for their customers shall be rated with the enterprise.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Airport Parking Facility (Including Valet Service To And From Airport) Operation By Contractor
Automobile Storage Garage
Parking Areas
828 PARATRANSIT SERVICE
… Paratransit service is regulated by the Federal Transit Administration pursuant to the Americans with
Disabilities Act as amended. Each public entity operating a fixed route surface transportation system is
required to provide paratransit service to the physically handicapped or otherwise disabled individuals who
cannot take public transportation. Such individuals may be transported to doctors’ appointments, places
of employment, stores, social venues or other destinations as needed. The public entity may outsource
the provision of this service to an unrelated entity. A fare is charged for this service that may not exceed
twice the fare charged for a trip of similar length, at a similar time of day as would be charged by the
public entity’s fixed route system.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Shared-ride program which is a door-to-door, advance reservation, ride sharing service offered on a
space-available basis to senior citizens 65 years of age or older.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Handicapped – Transportation Services For
Paratransit Service
Transportation Services for the Elderly
Transportation Services for the Handicapped
MATERIAL DEALERS
855 LUMBER and/or BUILDING MATERIAL DEALER
Applicable to establishments principally engaged in selling lumber and/or building materials on a
wholesale or retail basis. The lumber may include but is not necessarily limited to: rough and dressed
lumber, flooring, molding, doors, sashes, frames and other millwork. The building materials may include
but are not necessarily limited to: roofing, siding, shingles, wallboard, paint, brick, tile, cement, ready-mix
concrete, sand or gravel. This class also includes payroll developed in the delivery of hardware, lumber
and/or building materials by the lumber/building material dealer.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. The operation of a sales counter where the insured’s counter staff takes customer telephone, facsimile
or walk-in orders for the lumber and/or building materials, accepts payment or charges the customer’s
“house” account, and transfers the orders to the insured’s yard or warehouse staff. The counter staff
may also sell merchandise from a counter display, display racks behind the counter and/or a display
space in front of the counter.
2. The operation of a showroom where customers may view samples of the lumber and/or building
materials sold and place orders for such---.
3. The sale and mounting of door hardware onto a wood or metal door by a door distributor.
4. The making of door frames by a door distributor.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Separate manufacturing staff(s) in a physically-separate work area(s) shall be separately classified
as provided for in this Manual.
Separate staff performing erection or construction shall be separately classified as provided for in
this Manual.
Assign Code 935 to the operation of a physically separate and separately-staffed retail store on the
premises of a lumber and/or building material dealer that fulfills the multiple enterprise criteria
discussed in Rule IV, C 3.a. 2., Section 1 of this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aggregates Dealer
Asphalt Mixing Plant - Operated By Dealer
Building Material Dealer, New
Building Materials Dealer, Secondhand
Cemetery Monument Or Memorial, Cutting,
Engraving And/Or Polishing
Cinder Dealer
Commercial Lumber Yard
Concrete Dealer, Ready-Mixed
Concrete Mixing
Concrete Pumping Services - By Independent
Contractor
Cut Stone Or Stone Products Mfg.
Door Or Window Distributor
Dry Ice Dealer
Grain Elevator Operation
Humus Or Topsoil Dealer - No Excavation
Ice Dealer - No Mfg.
Insulation Dealer
Kiln Drying of Lumber – No Sawmill Operations
Landscaping Supplies Dealer (e.g., Mulch, Topsoil
Or Stone)
Log Dealer – No Logging or Sawmill Operations
Lumber Cutting, Incidental Cutting To Size By
Lumber Yard
Lumber Dealer
Lumber Yard, Secondhand Material
Manure Dealer
Marble Cutting And Polishing
Metal Road Plate Rental
Millwork Glazing, Not Performed By Millwork Plant
Millwork, Hand Assembling
Monument Or Memorial (Cemetery) Cutting,
Engraving And/Or Polishing
Mortar Mfg., No Construction Work
Mulch Dealer
Paving Mixtures Mfg.
Peat Moss Dealer
Plywood Dealer
Ready-Mixed Concrete Dealer
Sash, Door Or Finished Millwork Dealer
Sawdust Dealer
Secondhand Building Material Dealer
Soapstone Products Mfg.
Stone Cutting Or Polishing - Not By A Mine Or
Quarry Operator
Topsoil Or Humus Dealer - No Excavation
Vanities Assembly - Marble
Window Or Door Distributor
Wood Dealer, Kindling And Firewood
Wood Preserving
857 METAL SERVICE CENTER (Ferrous or Nonferrous Metals)
Applicable to insureds principally engaged in the sale and distribution of new ferrous or nonferrous metal
merchandise generally obtained from new metal producers such as steel mills or smelters, including but
not necessarily limited to: beams, sheet stock in coils, bars, rods, rounds, channel iron, tubes, angles or
plates. Such insured may handle a broad variety of new metal merchandise or specialize in handling a
single type.
The new metal merchandise received by these insureds is unloaded and stored. The new metal
merchandise may be shipped "as is" to the customer or it may be cut, slit, sheeted, bent or burned into the
size or shape required by the customer and delivered by truck or rail. The processing equipment may
include but is not necessarily limited to: sheeters, hacksaws, drills, benders or cutting torches.
Specialists principally engaged in the sale of reinforcing rods or bars to concrete contractors (including the
cutting or forming of the rods or bars according to the contractors' specifications) are also assigned to
Code 857, as are dealers principally engaged in selling wire rope, cable or metal conduit.
Further applicable by analogy to businesses engaged in the toll (fee) leveling or cutting of ferrous or
nonferrous new metal to size for unrelated concerns. These enterprises do not own the new metal stock
they level, sheet, cut, bend or burn, nor do they fabricate a product.
Where a dealer sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such dealer shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold.
The term "principal" means more than 50 percent of the gross receipts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Not applicable to businesses principally engaged in collecting or handling either ferrous or nonferrous
scrap metal. Assign ferrous scrap dealers to Code 858. Assign nonferrous scrap dealers to Code 859.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cable Or Wire Rope Dealer, Including Splicing
Coil Stock Or Sheet Stock Dealer
Iron Or Steel Merchant, New Materials Only
Metal Service Center (Ferrous Or Nonferrous
Metals)
CLASSIFICATIONS
Reinforcing Rods Or Bars Dealer
Sheet Stock Or Coil Stock Distributor
Steel Or Iron Merchant, New Materials Only
Wire Rope Or Cable Dealer, Including Splicing
858 FERROUS SCRAP METAL DEALER
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in collecting and handling ferrous metals. Ferrous metals
contain iron and include any type of steel or any steel alloy such as stainless steel.
The term “principally engaged” means more than 50 percent of the employer’s gross receipts.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Iron Or Steel Scrap Dealer
Scrap Metal Dealer - Ferrous Metals
Steel And Steel Alloy Scrap Dealer (Including Stainless Steel)
859 NONFERROUS SCRAP METAL DEALER
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in collecting and handling nonferrous metals. Nonferrous
metals contain no iron and include but are not limited to: aluminum, copper, brass, lead or zinc.
The term “principally engaged” means more than 50 percent of the employer’s gross receipts.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Businesses principally engaged in collecting and handling nonferrous scrap and also performing
automobile dismantling to recover saleable used auto parts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 402 to businesses principally engaged in the melting of nonferrous scrap to produce
ingots.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aluminum Scrap Metal Dealers (Other Than Beverage Cans)
Brass Scrap Dealer
Copper Scrap Dealer
Lead Scrap Dealer
Nonferrous Scrap Dealer And Automobile Dismantler
Scrap Metal Dealer - Nonferrous Metals
860 JUNK DEALER
For businesses collecting and handling a combination of ferrous and/or nonferrous scrap metal and other
secondhand commodities (e.g., paper, glass ((including glass bottles)), rubber, rags or plastic ((including
plastic bottles)) with no principal line of merchandise.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Processing of scrap or secondhand commodities by the junk dealer may include but is not
necessarily limited to: cutting salvaged metal and bailing paper or rags.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. WRECKING OR DEMOLITION PROJECTS shall be classified as delineated in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section.
2. Assign Code 858 to a business principally engaged in collecting or handling ferrous scrap metal.
3. Assign Code 859 to a business principally engaged in collecting or handling nonferrous scrap metal.
4. Assign Code 862 to a business principally engaged in collecting or handling one or more of the
following recyclable commodities: cloth clippings, rags, paper, glass, plastic, rubber stock or
aluminum beverage cans.
5. Assign Code 862 to a specialist contractor principally engaged in shredding paper or destroying
documents for unrelated concerns.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Junk Dealer
862 RECYCLING CENTER
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in collecting or handling recyclable commodities including
but not necessarily limited to: cloth clippings, rags, paper, glass, plastic, rubber stock and/or aluminum
beverage cans. Includes consolidation facilities, where the recyclable commodities are simply collected,
sorted, baled and resold, and reprocessing facilities, where the recyclable commodities are processed
prior to resale. Processing may include but is not necessarily limited to: grinding plastic, pulverizing glass
and crushing aluminum beverage cans.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Businesses principally engaged in shredding paper or destroying documents for unrelated concerns.
Such operations may be conducted at customer locations by the use of mobile equipment or at a
centralized shredding facility.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign businesses collecting a combination of recyclable products and scrap metals with no principal
line of merchandise to Code 860.
Assign dealers in cloth clippings, new goods only, to Code 924.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Beverage Can Recycling
Bottle Dealer, Used
Broken Glass Dealer
Can Recycling - Beverage
Cloth Clippings Dealer, Used
Container Recycling - Beverage - Bottle Or Can
Cullet Dealer - Broken Or Refuse Glass
Document Destruction Or Shredding Service
Laundry, Waste Cloth, Operated By Dealers In
Used Materials
Paper Dealer, Used
Paper Shredding – By Specialist Contractor
Plastics Dealer - Scrap
Rubber Stock Dealer, Used
Tire Dealer – Used – For Recycling (May Include
Shredding)
Used Tire Dealer – For Recycling (May Include
Shredding)
Waste Paper Dealer
865 POULTRY and/or FISH DEALER/ PROCESSOR
Applicable to employers principally engaged in one or more of the following operations:
The catching of live poultry as contractors on producers’ premises and the hauling by poultry catchers of
live poultry to dressing plants.
The dressing (to kill and prepare for market) of poultry, rabbits or other similar small game.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
The making of either processed poultry or fish products. The term processed shall mean that definite
changes result in the poultry or fish product due to the application of either chemicals and/or heat (the use
of smoke and/or cooking).
Wholesale sale/distribution of poultry or fish including the cutting or deboning of dressed poultry and/or the
cutting or filleting of fish. The employer may also bread or stuff the product.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Wholesale poultry and/or fish dealers who perform no cutting or filleting, but who may repackage the
poultry or fish shall be assigned to Code 924.
Poultry dealers who may cut whole poultry into parts on an emergency basis will be construed as
non-cutting and assignable to Code 924.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Chicken Catching
Chickens - Slaughtering, Dressing And Packing For
The Trade
Fish Curing
Fish Dealer And Processor - Wholesale
Poultry And Small Game Dressing And Packing
Poultry Dealer And Processor - Wholesale
Rabbits - Slaughtering, Dressing And Packing For
The Trade
Small Game Dressing And Packing
Turkeys - Slaughtering, Dressing And Packing For
The Trade
867 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary WAREHOUSING Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 813.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Warehousing Staff
Temporary Warehousing Staff
Warehousing - Temporary Staff
STORES
871 Employment Contractor – TEMPORARY FURNITURE STORE – WHOLESALE Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 921.
Please see the Employment Contractor – Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Furniture Store Wholesale – Temporary Staff
Temporary Staff – Furniture store Wholesale
Wholesale Furniture Store – Temporary Staff
877 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary DEPARTMENT STORE Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 914.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Department Store - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Department Store Staff
Temporary Department Store Staff
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CLASSIFICATIONS
879 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary PACKAGING – Contract – Noncrating Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 923.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Contract Packaging - Non-Crating - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Packaging - Contract - Non-Crating - Staff
Packaging - Contract - Non-Crating - Temporary Staff
Temporary Packaging - Contract - Non-Crating Staff
880 APARTMENT HOUSE or Condominium Complex Operation
Applicable to an employer operating an apartment house or a condominium complex or for cooperative
buildings used for residential occupancy.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Apartment House Or Condominium Complex
Operation
Condominiums - Including Resident Or On-Site
Manager
Cooperative Building Operation - For Residential
Occupancy
Porters For Condominiums
Residential House Rental
Ronald McDonald House Operation
881 Employment Contractor – Temporary HARDWARE STORE – Wholesale Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 926.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Hardware Store - Wholesale - Staff
Hardware Store - Wholesale - Temporary Staff
Temporary Hardware Store - Wholesale - Staff
882 RESIDENTIAL INTERIOR CLEANING SERVICES by Contractor.
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in providing interior cleaning services to residential
customers. The cleaning services may include but are not necessarily limited to: dusting, mopping floors,
vacuuming rugs or carpets, cleaning or sanitizing bathrooms or wiping or cleaning kitchen or bathroom
fixtures.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 971 to payroll developed in the power washing of exterior walls or decks at residential or
commercial sites.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Chimney Cleaning - Residential
Domestic Interior Cleaning Service Contractor
House Cleaning By Contractor - Interior
Maid Service Contractor - Interior
Residential Interior Cleaning Services - By Contractor
883 Employment Contractor – Temporary RETAIL STORE, N.O.C. Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 928.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Retail Store, N.O.C. Staff
Retail Store, N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
Temporary Retail Store, N.O.C. Staff
884 HEALTH OR EXERCISE CLUB - all employees including office
A facility providing exercise programs (e.g., aerobics classes) for their members and, in some cases, the
general public. Attendants will evaluate the type of equipment best suited to individual member needs
and will assist members in exercise instruction or weight loss. The available equipment and services
may vary from club-to-club. A club’s exercise equipment may include but is not necessarily limited to:
free weights (e.g., dumbbells and barbells) and other equipment (e.g., a cardio theater) that includes
various types of equipment related to cardiovascular training, such as rowing machines, stationary
exercise bikes, elliptical trainers or treadmills.
Larger clubs may employ personal trainers who are accessible to members for training, exercise, nutrition
and/or health advice and consultation. Personal trainers may devise a customized fitness plan to assist
members achieve their goals. They may also demonstrate exercises and monitor the members’
exercises.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Health shops, snack bars, childcare facilities, member lounges and/or cafes operated by the health
or exercise club.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Assign Code 968 to indoor facilities principally engaged in amateur sports training (e.g., basketball,
ice hockey, boxing, gymnastics, martial arts, tennis or swimming).
Assign Code 970 to professional or semiprofessional sports teams.
Assign indoor rock climbing wall facilities to Code 968.
Assign outdoor rock climbing wall facilities to Code 969.
Assign a day spa not affiliated with a health or exercise club to Code 977.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aerobics Studio
Club, Exercise
Club, Health
Exercise Club
Fitness Club
Fitness Instructor – By Independent Contractor –
No Permanent Facility
Health Club
Health Or Exercise Club
Pilates Studio
Tai Chi Instruction
Yoga Studio
885 PLUMBING SUPPLIES DEALER OR PIPE MERCHANT – Wholesale
Applies to dealers principally engaged in the wholesale selling of plumbing supplies or pipe. The term
plumbing supplies as used in this classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: water heaters,
kitchen/bathroom fixtures (i.e., sinks, faucets, toilets, bath tubs, shower stalls), fittings or valves. Also
included is the selling of pipe of all types and sizes. Businesses principally engaged in the wholesale sale
of heating, ventilating and/or air conditioning equipment, supplies or parts are further contemplated by this
classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Gas, Steam Or Hot Water Apparatus Supplies
Dealer - Wholesale
Heating, Ventilating Or Air Conditioning Equipment
Or Parts Dealer - Wholesale
Kitchen And/Or Bath Fixture Dealer
Pipe Merchant, Including Cutting, New Materials
Only - All Types And Sizes
Plumbing Supplies Dealer - Wholesale
Refrigeration System Parts And/Or Accessories
Dealer - Wholesale
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CLASSIFICATIONS
886 ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES DEALER – Wholesale
Applies to dealers principally engaged in the wholesale selling of electrical supplies. The term electrical
supplies as used in this classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: electric wire, electrical
(junction) boxes, fuses, switches, outlets, circuit breakers or lighting fixtures. This classification shall also
include dealers in electronic components/accessories. Examples of electronic components/accessories
include but are not limited to: inductors, resistors, circuit boards, transistors and relays.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Electrical Supply Dealer - Wholesale
Electronic Components And/Or Accessories Dealer - Wholesale
Lighting Fixtures And Supplies Dealer
887 MUSEUM – all employees including office
An establishment devoted to the procurement, preservation and display of objects of cultural interest.
Includes all types of museums (e. g., art, archaeology, children’s, history, natural history, or technology).
Also includes all of a museum’s operations, which may include but are not necessarily limited to: galleries,
curatorial space, auditoriums, movie theaters, lecture halls, classrooms for art instruction, storerooms,
conservation or restoration laboratories, gift shops or eating facilities.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
A separately staffed and located museum operated by a municipal government (e.g., borough, city or township).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Museum - All Types
889 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary CLERICAL Staff
Applicable to temporary staff whose job duties fulfill the definition of clerical found in Rule IV, B. 2. a.,
Section 1 of this Manual. The payroll of such temporary clerical staff shall be assigned to Code 889
regardless of the customer’s business classification.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Clerical Office Employees - Temporary Staff
Computer Programmer/Operator - Temporary Staff
Data Processing - Temporary Staff
Draftsman - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary Clerical Staff
Temporary Clerical Staff
890 LIBRARY - PUBLIC – all employees including office
An establishment in which books, magazines, manuscripts, musical scores, videos, compact audio discs or
other literary or artistic materials are kept for use by the general public. Materials may be taken from the
library for specified time periods or they may be restricted to use on the library’s premises. Library patrons
who wish to borrow library materials are generally library members and may pay an annual fee for that
privilege. A library’s services may also include but are not necessarily limited to: providing Internet access,
sponsoring lectures, workshops or seminars, classes in adult literacy, storytelling or summer reading
programs for children, providing photocopiers for public use (for a per page fee), providing meeting space
for local organizations or bookmobiles.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
A separately staffed and located public library operated by a municipal government (e.g., borough, city or
township) or school district.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
A library operated by a college or school for its students, faculty and staff will be assigned to the
appropriate school classification.
A library operated by a company (e.g., hospital, law firm or newspaper) will be assigned to the
classification consistent with the employer’s business. A library operated by a museum for its staff
will be assigned to Code 887.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Library - Public
Public Library
891 PRE-SCHOOL (CHILD CARE OR EARLY EDUCATION) SERVICES – all employees
including office
Includes but is not necessarily limited to nursery schools, Head Start, kindergarten or child daycare
services.
Child daycare services provide for care and custody of children for various periods of time during the day
(no residential facilities), typically during normal business hours (i.e., from 6:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Monday
through Friday).
Also applicable to employers principally engaged in operating nursery schools or kindergartens. Nursery
schools are generally directed towards children ages three to four years, can be academically oriented
and are designed to provide children with basic educational and social skills prior to the time they begin
elementary school.
Kindergartens are pre-elementary school classes and are typically provided to children five-years-old.
Sessions are usually held for one-half the school day (i.e., children may be enrolled in "morning" or "afternoon" classes) and will include a very basic academic curriculum.
Further contemplated by this classification are employers operating the Head Start Program. Head Start
is a federally-funded child development program that provides early education, health, nutritional and
psychological services to three- to four-year-old children of low-income families. Some Head Start
Programs will also provide for social services to low-income families and for child daycare. This program
endeavors to enhance economically disadvantaged children's educational status and social skills to a level
sufficient for them to enter elementary school.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. A child daycare center operated by an employer principally for the use of its own employees is not
subject to Code 891 and shall be included in that employer’s applicable field of business
classification.
2. Providers of early intervention services for infants or toddlers shall be assigned to Code 892.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Before and/or After School Program
Child Daycare Center
Day Nursery - Children
Daycare Center For Children
Head Start Program
Kindergarten, Not Operated In Conjunction With
Grade School
Pre-School - Early Education Services - By
Independent Contractor
892 EARLY INTERVENTION For Infants Or Toddlers (No Residential Affiliation) – all
employees including office
Applicable to employers principally engaged in providing early intervention services to children, generally
from birth to the age of 6, who are determined to have or to be at risk of developing a handicapping or
other condition that may affect their development. Services are provided by speech or physical therapists
in conjunction with special education teachers and are designed to maximize the pre-school handicapped
child’s attainment of age-appropriate skills in the areas of cognition, communication, socialization, selfhelp and/or motor development. Early intervention services may be provided in the child’s home, at a
provider-operated center, in an unrelated group daycare home or a combination thereof.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Early Intervention For Infants And Toddlers (No Residential Affiliation)
893 INTERMEDIATE UNIT (Special Education) – all employees including office
Applicable to intermediate units established by the Pennsylvania General Assembly (Title 24, Article IX A, Intermediate Units) effective July 1,1971. The intermediate unit is a regional educational service agency
that works with its member school districts to provide specialized support services for students. The
services provided include but are not necessarily limited to special education, summer curriculums,
education in the arts, English as a second language, Head Start, adult education and professional training
to teachers and other professionals in the education field. Intermediate unit services may be provided in
classrooms of unrelated schools or in mobile units positioned adjacent to such schools. Teachers will
have at minimum degrees in education and be state certified.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Intermediate Unit (Special Education)
894 SCHOOL FOR DISTURBED (Or Delinquent) CHILDREN – all employees including
office
Applicable to employers operating educational facilities for youth who cannot cope in or who have been
removed from the standard school setting. The students may be referred by school districts, youth
services or other agencies because of behavior problems (e.g., truancy, drug or alcohol abuse and/or
violent or destructive behavior).
Also applicable to employers who operate educational facilities for court adjudicated delinquents.
Attendance in such facility may in some cases be mandatory in lieu of prison sentences and is a guarded
environment with strict disciplinary rules.
Further included are employers who operate educational facilities for disturbed children. Such include but
are not necessarily limited to dependent, neglected or abused children or children who have demonstrated
social and/or emotional disturbances, have neurological impairments or who have been diagnosed as
developmentally delayed.
The academic curriculum provided by these facilities is typically similar to that provided by public school
districts or private schools, but with a greater emphasis upon counseling or other services specific to the
facility’s student population. Classroom activities are geared toward helping older students pass their high
school equivalency test or obtain a high school diploma.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign the applicable residential facility classification to separately-located (not on the employer’s
campus) and staffed residential facilities for children.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
School For Court-Adjudicated Youths
School For Developmentally-Delayed Children
School For Disturbed Or Delinquent Children
895 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary COLLEGE or SCHOOL Staff
Applicable only to temporary staff provided to customers whose business classification is Code 965.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
College Or School - Temporary Staff
Employment Contractor - Temporary College Or School Staff
Substitute Teachers - Temporary College Or School Staff
Temporary College Or School Staff
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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CLASSIFICATIONS
896 CLUB, N.O.C – All employees except office
Clubs are organized civic, social or fraternal associations (e.g., The Elks, VFW posts, fraternities or
sororities) who provide special services for members and members' guests only. The services and/or
amenities provided by a club may vary depending upon the extent of each club's facilities and membership. The amenities provided may vary considerably from one club to another and may include but are not
limited to: dining rooms, bars, lounges, reading/card rooms, bowling lanes or swimming pools. The club's
focus and purpose may be based on a charter. Each club is responsible for electing officers to oversee
and enforce the club charter. The charter may include but is not limited to rules and regulations for
admitting members, maintaining membership and collecting dues. Periodic meetings are held at the club
location to discuss upcoming events, fund raisers and/or club business.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Club, Business Or Social
Club, N.O.C.
Fraternal Organization (e.g., VFW Post, The Elks)
Fraternity/Sorority House
Sorority/Fraternity House
897 FAST-FOOD RESTAURANT – All employees except office
Applicable to a retail business principally engaged in preparing food(s) and selling the prepared food(s)
and generally nonalcoholic beverages to the public for immediate consumption, either on the business'
premises or on a take-out basis. Fast-food restaurants have a limited menu and no wait service except on
an occasional or accommodation basis. Customer orders are typically placed at a counter (the menu being
openly displayed above and/or behind the counter), via a drive-through service, --- by telephone or by
Internet and are rapidly filled. Fast-food restaurants generally sell nonalcoholic beverages, but certain fastfood restaurants may also have incidental ---alcoholic beverage sales. Where there are “eat-in” facilities,
counter staff wipe down tables and may also clear tables after a customers’ food has been consumed.
Included within (but not necessarily limited to) this definition are retail businesses principally engaged in
the preparation and sale of: hamburgers, tacos, pizza or chicken.
Also contemplated are retail businesses principally engaged as either buffet or cafeteria-style restaurants.
Buffet or cafeteria-style restaurants offer a buffet-type meal. Customers may serve themselves or staff
may serve food to customers in the buffet line. Staff may clear tables after customers have completed their
meal. There is no wait service.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Buffet Or Cafeteria-Style Restaurant
Cafeteria Or Buffet-Style Restaurant
Coffee Shop
Fast-Food Restaurant
Luncheonette
Pizza Shop - Retail
Sandwich Or Other Food Preparation By Vending
Machine Operators
Sandwich Shop
898 CATERER – All employees except office
There are four types of catering businesses that provide food service: social, industrial or institutional,
concession or mobile.
Social caterers are hired for a single event such as a wedding, party or business affair. The social caterer
provides the client with a menu of food items, types of beverages, colors of linens, other available
amenities and, if applicable, a listing of the types of entertainment. The client is then responsible for
choosing food, beverages, color schemes and/or entertainment. Once all of the services to be provided
have been determined, the social caterer may produce a contract based on the predetermined services.
Alcoholic beverages may be provided at the event, but the sale of alcoholic beverages is not the principal
source of revenue. This type of catering may be performed either on the caterer's premises or at the
customer's premises.
Institutional or industrial caterers operate under contract to provide in-house food service for businesses,
hospitals, nursing homes, schools or similar customers. These catering operations generally plan menus
and perform the preparation and sale of food in a cafeteria-style environment.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Concession caterers are usually located at but are not limited to airports, sports stadiums, amusement
parks, theaters or museums. The concession caterer operates under contract with the client facility to
provide prepared food and beverages to the client's patrons. The concession caterer may also use
"walking vendors" throughout the venue.
Mobile caterers provide food and beverages from a truck with cooking equipment, parked on the sidewalk
at locations such as a construction site, factory or university with large commuting student body or travel a
predetermined daily route.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Also included within the scope of this class are caterers providing food service to unrelated airlines or
railroads.
"Meals on Wheels" operations (organizations who provide a service to deliver hot meals to those who
cannot prepare the food themselves) are further assigned to Code 898.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cafeteria - Operated By Independent Or Specialist
Contractor
Caterer - All Types
Food And/Or Beverage Concession - By Specialist
Contractor
Industrial Caterer
Institutional Caterer
Meals On Wheels
Mobile Catering
Social Caterer
Soup Kitchen
899 BAR, Tavern, Cocktail Lounge, NIGHTCLUB or Discotheque – All employees except office
A bar, tavern, cocktail lounge, nightclub or discotheque is a retail establishment principally engaged in the
sale of alcoholic beverages by the drink that is open to the general public. These establishments may
offer some type of entertainment such as a dance floor, disc jockey, live music or one or more televisions
showing sporting events. Such businesses may or may not also prepare food and sell the prepared food
to customers for immediate consumption. Where food is not prepared, the establishment may sell
packaged snacks. In either scenario, food preparation and service is not a majority of the employer's
operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bar
Cocktail Lounge
Discotheque
Nightclub
Tavern
903 LABOR UNION – all employees including office
Applicable to all employees (e.g., business agents, organizers, clerical, janitorial or instructors in an
apprenticeship program) of a labor union. Includes but is not necessarily limited to union locals, union
district councils, statewide or national labor union organizations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Labor Union
904 INVESTIGATIVE AGENCY - All Types – All employees except office
An investigative agency is principally engaged in gathering information for clients (e.g., insurance
companies or other businesses, attorneys or private persons) for one of a number of reasons (e.g., fraud or
another crime, matrimonial or child custody disputes). To accomplish this overall goal an investigator’s
duties may include but are not necessarily limited to the tasks discussed below. The investigator may
review public records (e.g., at a court house), interview the “subject’s” neighbors, coworkers or
acquaintances and/or conduct surveillance of the investigation’s “subject.” When surveillance is
conducted, the investigator may take still photographs or video the “subject’s” movements (e.g., to
document insurance fraud). The investigator will prepare a written report of the findings and concurrently
submit the photo-graphs or videotape as warranted.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 660 to a separate crew of employees of an investigative agency that installs or repairs
alarms.
Assign Code 954 to a separate security guard staff of an investigative agency.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Detective Agency
Investigative Agency - All Types
905 ARCHITECTURAL CONSULTING FIRM – all employees including office.
A business that employs one or more state licensed architect(s) and is principally engaged in the
professional practice of architecture (i.e., designing buildings and/or their interiors and/or landscaping).
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Interior design firms. Such businesses engage in the practice of planning and supervising the design
and execution of building interiors and their furnishings.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Architects or interior designers employed by concerns whose field-of-business is actual construction,
manufacturing, mining or installation operations shall be assigned in accordance with the class or
classes appropriate to the business of the employer, unless the operations subject to Code 905 fulfill
the multiple enterprise conditions described in Section 1, Rule IV, C. 3. a.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Architectural Firm, Supervising Or Consulting
Landscape Architectral Firm – No Construction Work
Interior Design Firm, Supervising Or Consulting
907 FRUIT OR VEGETABLE DEALER – Wholesale
Applies to dealers engaged principally in the wholesale distribution of fresh fruits or vegetables. The dealer
may specialize in a single fruit or vegetable or handle two or more different fruits or vegetables. Such
dealers ---may also wash the fresh fruits or vegetables and perform incidental repackaging of the
merchandise into retail size bunches, boxes, bags or similar containers.
In addition these dealers may also sell groceries, dairy products and/or frozen foods.
Where a dealer sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such dealer shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold.
The term "principal" means more than 50% of the gross receipts.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Banana Dealer - Wholesale
Fruit Dealer - Wholesale
Garlic Dealer - Wholesale
Mushroom Dealer - Wholesale
Potato Dealer - Wholesale
Produce Dealer - Wholesale
Tomato Dealer (Fresh) - Wholesale
Vegetable Dealer - Wholesale
Vegetable Packing - Not Cannery
910 MEAT DEALER – Wholesale
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the wholesale sale/distribution of fresh and processed
meats and whose operations include the cutting of fresh meats into portion-controlled fresh meat products,
such as steaks, roasts, or chops. Deboning will also be performed if the fresh meat is received in
carcasses or partial carcasses. Such business may also distribute poultry and/or fish merchandise in
addition to the meat merchandise and the operations may include the filleting of the fish and the cutting of
poultry carcasses into parts. The business may further distribute grocery merchandise and/or fresh fruit
and vegetables.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Businesses principally engaged in making natural sausage casings, but who perform no killing of animals.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 119 to businesses principally engaged in taking beef and/or veal and cutting or
grinding this fresh meat into hamburger, hamburger patties and/or veal patties and/or sandwich
steaks .
Assign Code 111 when a wholesale meat dealer also slaughters animals and dresses their
carcasses .
Assign Code 924 to wholesale meat dealers who do no cutting (or deboning) of fresh meats .
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Meat Dealer - Wholesale - Including Meat Processing
Sausage Casings Dealer - Natural - Including Cleaning
911 GROCERY – Wholesale
Applies to dealers engaged principally in the wholesale distribution of groceries or frozen foods which are
received and sold in cartons, cases or boxes. Such dealers may also sell at wholesale dairy products, soft
drinks, household cleaning supplies, paper products, fresh fruits or vegetables.
Code 911 also includes but is not necessarily limited to wholesale dealers engaged principally in the
distribution of cider, coffee, dairy products, flour, fruit juices, herbs, spices or tea.
Where a dealer sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such dealer shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold.
The term "principal" means more than 50 percent of the gross receipts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling fresh fruits or vegetables shall be assigned to
Code 907.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling beer in bottles, cans, kegs or barrels and/or soft
drinks in bottles or cans shall be assigned to Code 821.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in candling or distributing eggs shall be assigned to Code
924.
For bakery products distribution see the separate entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Butter And/Or Butter Substitutes Dealer Wholesale
Cheese Dealer - Wholesale
Chinese Food Dealer - Packaged Or Frozen Wholesale
Cider Dealer - Wholesale
Coffee Dealer (No Grinding Or Roasting) Wholesale
Dairy Products Dealer – Wholesale
Delicatessen Meat Distributor – No Delicatessen Or
Lunch Meat Manufacturing - Wholesale
Flour Dealer - Wholesale
Frozen Food Dealer - Wholesale
Fruit Juice Dealer - Wholesale
Grocery - Wholesale
Health Food Dealer - Wholesale
Herb Dealer - Wholesale
Ice Cream Dealer – Wholesale
Lunch Meat Distributor – No Lunch Or Delicatessen
Meat Manufacturing - Wholesale
Milk Or Milk Products Dealer - Wholesale
Spice Dealer - Wholesale
Tea Dealer - No Blending Or Mixing - Wholesale
Tomato Products Dealer - Wholesale
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CLASSIFICATIONS
914 DEPARTMENT STORE – all employees including office
For businesses having 20 or more full-time employees or their equivalent and the merchandise handled
must include wearing apparel, linens, house furnishings (other than furniture) and two or more of the
following: cosmetics, furniture, giftware, hardware, jewelry, luggage, stationery/greeting cards, sporting
goods and toys.
The total annual sales of wearing apparel, linens, and house furnishings must exceed 50 percent of the
total annual sales.
The criteria cited above will be applied to each location of a business.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Personnel performing the installation of house furnishings at customers’ locations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Department Store
915 MEAT, FISH and/or POULTRY STORE – Retail, all employees except office
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in the retail sale of fresh and cured meats, fish and/or poultry.
Such businesses may also sell general grocery merchandise including but not necessarily limited to:
bakery and/or dairy products or canned goods. Code 915 also includes the slaughtering of animals and
the dressing of carcasses into fresh meat cuts, as well as the making of sausage, scrapple, frankfurters,
ham or bacon provided more than 50 percent of the total sales of the fresh meat and/or cured meat
products produced are sold over the counter to the general public for personal or household consumption
either on the premises or through satellite outlets.
Such business may perform custom killing. This involves the slaughter of an animal (a steer, pig or sheep)
for a private individual (frequently a farmer) and the cutting or processing of the resulting meat per
customer specification. All of the fresh or processed meat is the customer’s property and may be held for
the customer by the business in a frozen food locker or returned immediately to the customer. This may
also include the dressing of deer carcasses during hunting season for individual hunters.
This classification shall include incident sales to restaurants, institutional buyers or retail stores. When
more than 50 percent of the sales are to non-retail customers, such businesses shall not be subject to
Code 915 and shall be classified as indicated below.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 111 when the business' operations include the killing of animals and more than 50% of the
sales are to wholesale customers.
2. Assign Code 106 when the business' operations do not involve the killing of animals but do include the
curing and preserving of meat into processed meat products and more than 50% of the sales are to
wholesale customers .
3. Assign Code 910 when the business' operations simply involve cutting, or grinding fresh meats received
in boxes, (deboning will also be performed if the fresh meat is received in carcasses or partial
carcasses), and more than 50% of the sales are to wholesale customers .
4. Assign Code 917 when the business’ operations involve the retail sale of fresh or cured meat, fish or
poultry as well as other items (e.g., groceries or vegetables), and the business’ records show that less
than 50 percent of the business’ sales are from fresh or cured meats, fish or poultry.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Butcher Shop - Retail
Fish, Meat Or Poultry Store - Retail
Meat, Fish Or Poultry Store - Retail
Poultry, Fish Or Meat Store - Retail
Seafood Market - Retail
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CLASSIFICATIONS
916 CLOTHING OR DRY GOODS STORE – Wholesale or Retail
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 928 to businesses principally engaged as either a Clothing Store (Used)
Thrift Store (Used Clothing, Furniture, Household Items) – Retail
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bridal Shop
Children's & Infants' Clothing Store
Clothing Store - Retail Or Wholesale
Custom Dressmaking
Custom Tailoring
Dry Goods Store - Retail Or Wholesale
Fabric Shop
Formal Wear Rental Or Sales
Furrier Repairing Or Remodeling Fur Garments
Hat Store - Cloth, Felt, Fur Or Straw
Linens Shop
– Retail or a
Maternity Apparel Shop
Men's Clothing & Furnishings Store
Millinery Store
Shirt Making- Custom
Shoe Store - Wholesale Or Retail
Tailor Shop - No Dry Cleaning
Textile Piece Goods Dealer
Towel Or Toilet Supply Dealer - Not Connected
With Laundry
Women's Clothing & Accessories Store
Yarn Shop
917 GROCERY STORE – Retail, including meat, poultry, fish, bakery, pharmacy and produce departments
Applicable to businesses principally engaged as supermarkets or convenience retail grocers as defined
below.
A supermarket is principally engaged in the retail sale of groceries, fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy products,
bakery products, frozen foods and in addition thereto will have a meat department that sells fresh or cured
meat, fish and/or poultry. A typical supermarket will also sell other merchandise including but not
necessarily limited to: soft drinks, soap and other household cleaning items, paper products and/or
cigarettes. A supermarket that is a "super center" may also sell non-grocery merchandise including but not
necessarily limited to: cosmetics, toiletries, stationery products, books, greeting cards, women’s hosiery,
non-prescription drugs or kitchen supplies (e.g., pots, pans or pot holders). A “super center” may further
rent videos and/or DVDs.
A convenience grocer is principally engaged in the retail sale of groceries, fresh fruits, vegetables, dairy
products, bakery products, frozen foods, coffee, tea, spices or delicatessen foods such as cold cuts,
salads, pickles, smoked fish or other "appetizers." A convenience grocer or a delicatessen store may also
sell coffee by the cup, make sandwiches or sell sandwiches prepared by an unrelated business, prepare
salads and/or cook meat such as roast beef, ham, barbecue chicken or spare ribs. A convenience grocer
may also sell other merchandise including but not necessarily limited to: soft drinks, household cleaning
items, paper products, cigarettes or non-prescription drugs.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Pharmacy operations conducted by the supermarket at the same or a contiguous location.
Bakery operations conducted by the supermarket.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 915 to businesses principally engaged in the retail sale of fresh or cured meats, poultry
or fish.
The business of a concessionaire or independent contractor operating on the premises of a supermarket will be classified on the merits of their operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Beverage Distributing, Including Beer - Retail
Beverage Outlets - Retail
Brewer's Outlet - Retail
Cheese Shop - Retail
Convenience Grocery
Delicatessen Store
Fruit Gift Basket Store - Retail
Grocery Store - Retail
Grocery, Tea, Coffee Dealer - Retail
Health Food Store - Retail
Produce Store - Retail
Spice Store - Retail
Supermarket
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CLASSIFICATIONS
918 BAKERY SHOP – Retail, including on-site preparation, all employees except office
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in producing bakery products or businesses who buy finished
bakery products from unrelated producers and the principal sales are over-the-counter for personal or
household consumption, either on premises or through satellite outlets.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bagel Shop, Production And/Or Selling On
Premises - Retail
Bakery Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises
- Retail
Cookie Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises
- Retail
Donut Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises Retail
Pretzel Shop – Heating, Baking And/Or Selling On
The Premises
Retail Bakery - No Baking On Premises
Retail Bakery - Selling Purchased Bakery Products
919 FLORIST STORE – Retail or Wholesale
Applies to a business principally engaged in the retail and/or wholesale selling of fresh cut flowers, potted
plants, fresh cut floral arrangements or florist store supplies. Also includes service away from the store
premises, such as floral decoration of homes, churches or other buildings for weddings, banquets or
parties.
Also includes plantscaping, which is the maintenance of living (typically potted) plants inside a customer's
premises. The living, potted plants may be used to decorate the interiors of malls, offices or other
businesses, as well as residences. Plantscaping duties include watering, fertilizing, trimming and/or
spraying of the interior living, potted plants.
Employers who raise, in fields or under glass, flowers to be marketed on a commercial basis as cut flowers
or living plants are assigned to Code 0011. Stores or outlets of such employers at the same or contiguous
location may be separately classified by Code 919, provided there is no interchange of labor between the
store or outlet and the raising of flowers, and the store or outlet is located in a physically separate area or
department.
Where a store sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such store shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold. The
term "principal" means more than 50% of the gross receipts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
A garden supply business principally engaged in the sale of fertilizer, sod, grass seed, flower pots,
birdbaths and statuary with incidental potted plants, trees, shrubs, bulbs or bedding plants shall be
assigned to the N.O.C. store classification, depending on whether the sales are principally to retail
customers (Code 928) or wholesale customers (Code 924).
2.
A business principally engaged in the arranging, assembling and/or the wholesale selling of artificial
or dried flowers shall be assigned to Code 924.
3.
A business principally engaged in the raising of trees, shrubs, bushes, hedges or other outdoor
living/growing plants shall be assigned to Code 0013.
4.
A business principally engaged as a landscape contractor or performing lawn care maintenance or
other similar services shall be assigned to Code 012.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Florist Store - Fresh Cut Flowers - Retail Or
Wholesale
Florist Store Supplies Dealer - Wholesale
Flower Dealer Or Store - Fresh Cut Flowers (No
Flower Or Plant Raising) - Retail And/Or
Wholesale
Plantscaper - Interior
Store, Florist - Fresh Cut Flowers - Retail Or
Wholesale
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CLASSIFICATIONS
920 JEWELRY STORE – Wholesale or Retail
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Coin And/Or Postage Stamp Dealer - Retail Or
Wholesale
Hearing Aid - Sale And Service
Jeweler, Findings And Materials Dealer
Jewelry Store - Wholesale Or Retail
Optical Store, Including Lens Grinding And
Optometrists
Postage Stamp And/Or Coin Dealer - Retail Or
Wholesale
Stamp (Postage) And/Or Coin Dealer - Retail Or
Wholesale
921 FURNITURE STORE – Wholesale - no woodworking
Applies to wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling or renting furniture including furniture for the
home or office to retailers, businesses, wholesalers or other commercial entities. Also included are dealers
principally engaged in the sale of furniture via catalogue, Internet and/or mail order. The word "furniture"
as used in this classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: sofas, chairs, tables, beds, bedding,
chests, breakfronts, bookcases, pianos, organs, all types of floor coverings, major household appliances
and office furniture. In addition, a wholesale dealer may sell or rent other merchandise, such as lighting
fixtures, lamps, stereo equipment, televisions, video and/or audio equipment, small household appliances,
mirrors, pictures and kitchen cabinets.
Further included is the delivery and setting in place of merchandise and minor repairing of furniture on the
insured's premises or at the customer's location and installation, service or repair operations, including but
not necessarily limited to: the installation of all types of floor coverings, window coverings or the service or
repair of major household appliances or televisions or other electronic entertainment or communications
devices and the installation of office furniture.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Assign Code 922 to the retail sale of furniture and related products
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Carpet Dealer - Wholesale
Floor Coverings Dealer - Wholesale
Furniture Store - Wholesale
Major Household Appliance Dealer - Wholesale
Mattress Dealer
Office Furniture Dealer
--Piano Or Organ Store - Wholesale
Store - Furniture - Wholesale
922 FURNITURE STORE – Retail All Employees Except Office – no woodworking
Applies to a retail store principally engaged in selling or renting furniture including antique furniture for
homes, lawns or gardens, to the general public and/or in a retail manner. The word "furniture" as used in
this classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: living room, dining room, bedroom or kitchen
sets and individual pieces such as sofas, chairs, tables, beds, bedding, chests, breakfronts, bookcases,
pianos, organs, all types of floor coverings and major household appliances such as refrigerators, stoves
and washing machines. In addition, a furniture store may sell or rent other merchandise such as lighting
fixtures, lamps, stereo equipment, televisions, video and/or audio equipment, small household appliances,
mirrors, pictures and kitchen cabinets.
Further included are delivery and setting merchandise in place, hanging pictures or mirrors and/or
polishing and repairing of furniture on the store's premises or at the customer's location. Also included are
the incident installation, service or repair operations including but not necessarily limited to: the installation
of all types of floor coverings and window coverings or the service or repair of major household appliances
or televisions or other electronic entertainment or communications devices.
All salespersons, including but not limited to floor salespersons, interior designers and decorators, are
contemplated by the scope of Code 922 and are not separately classified.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Businesses principally engaged in party supply rental – Retail or Wholesale.
Businesses principally engaged in pool table sales – Retail.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Antique Furniture Dealer - Retail
Bedding Store - Retail
Carpet Store - Retail
Electrical Household Appliances, Major - Retail
Floor Coverings Dealer - Retail
Furniture Installation, Portable, By Dealer
Furniture Rental - Chairs, Coat Racks, Dishes, Etc.
- Retail
Furniture Store - Retail
Home Freezer Dealer - Retail
Household Appliances Dealer, Major – Retail
Household Furniture Dealer - Retail
CLASSIFICATIONS
Household Laundry Equipment Dealer - Retail
Household Refrigerator Dealer – Retail
Inflatable Amusement - Rental
Mattress Store - Retail
Musical Instruments Rental - Pianos And Organs Retail
Party Supplies Rentals - Retail or Wholesale
Piano Or Organ Store - Retail
Pool Table Dealer - Retail
Refrigerator, Stove Or Washing Machine Store Retail
Store, Furniture - Retail
Taxidermist
923 PACKAGING – CONTRACT – NON-CRATING
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in packaging or repacking merchandise owned by unrelated
customers as a contract service. Such includes but is not necessarily limited to cosmetics, toiletries,
pharmaceuticals, soaps, cleaning agents or hardware. Assign Codes 305 to payroll developed by
separate staff in a physically separate work area in the preparation and crating of any type of merchandise
for shipment (in shop as a contract service). Crating or packaging of any type at customer locations or the
repackaging of explosives shall be classified as provided in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aerosol Can Filling, By Contractor
Contract Packaging - Non-Crating
Packaging, Contract - Non-Crating
924 WHOLESALE STORE, N.O.C.
Applies to dealers principally engaged in the wholesale distribution of merchandise not specifically
assigned to another wholesale store classification. Please see the Underwriting Guide entries below for a
representative listing of the types of wholesale dealers contemplated by this classification. Please see the
Wholesale/Retail Mail Order House Or Internet Sales Definitions entry in the General Auditing &
Classification Information section for the definition of wholesale sales.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Publishers of any type of publication performing the pre-press work, outsourcing the actual printing of the
publication and then receiving and distributing the publication.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alcoholic Beverage Blending Or Bottling, NonCarbonated
Balloon Dealer - Wholesale
Bar Or Restaurant Supply Dealer (Other Than
Beverages, Groceries Or Meat)
Barber Or Beauty Parlor Supply House - Wholesale
Barrel Dealer - No Mfg.
Book Dealer - Wholesale
Boot And Shoe, Cut Stock And Findings Dealer
Bottle Dealer, New
Bottled Spring Water Distribution - By Dealer
Candy Dealer (Including Repackaging) - Wholesale
Cigarette Dealer - Wholesale
Cloth Clippings Dealer, New
Clothing Dealer, Used - Wholesale
Computer Dealer - Wholesale
Cotton Merchant
Dental Equipment Or Supply Dealer
Drugstore - Wholesale
Egg Dealer - Grading, Candling, Packing Wholesale
Feed Dealer - Wholesale
Fertilizer (Except Humus Or Manure) Dealer
Firearms Sale - Wholesale
Fish Dealer - Wholesale - No Processing
Whatsoever
Flower Assembling - Artificial Or Dried
Flower Dealer - Artificial Or Dried - Wholesale
Garden Supplies Dealer
Grain Dealer
Hay Dealer
Hide Dealer - Including Salting - Curing
Liquor/Wine Dealer
Meat Dealer - Wholesale - No Processing
Whatsoever
CLASSIFICATIONS
News Agent Or Magazine Distributor - Wholesale
Nuts (Edible) Dealer
Office Machine Dealer - Wholesale
Office Supply Dealer - Wholesale
Orthopedic, Prosthetic And Surgical Appliances
And Supply Dealer - Wholesale
Paper Or Paper Products Dealer
Pharmaceutical Or Surgical Goods Dealer, N.O.C.
Photographic Equipment And Supplies Dealer Wholesale
Potato Chip Dealer
Poultry Dealer - Wholesale - No Processing
Whatsoever
Publisher - Outsources Printing, Performs Product
Distribution
Restaurant Or Bar Supply Dealer (Other Than
Beverages, Groceries Or Meat)
Seed Merchant
Snack Food Dealer - Wholesale
Solvents Dealer
Sporting Goods Dealer - Wholesale
Spring Water Bottling And/Or Distribution
Stationery Dealer - Wholesale
Store, Wholesale, N.O.C.
Tavern Supply Dealer (Other Than Beverages,
Groceries Or Meat)
Telephone Dealer - Wholesale
Tobacco Auction Sales Warehouses
Tobacco Product Dealer - Wholesale
Used Clothing Dealer - Wholesale
Vending Machine Dealer - Wholesale
Wallpaper Dealer - Wholesale
Water Bottling And/Or Bottled Water Distribution By A Dealer
Wholesale Store, N.O.C.
Wine/Liquor Dealer
Wool Merchant
925 HARDWARE STORE – Retail
Applies to retail stores principally engaged in selling hardware. The term hardware as used in this
classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: nails, screws, bolts, washers, gaskets, brackets,
locks, hinges, electrical outlet boxes, switches, fuses, plugs, sockets, hand or portable electric tools,
plumbing fixtures, paint, small household electrical appliances, radios, stereo equipment, televisions, video
and/or audio equipment, kitchenware, garden tools and equipment such as lawn mowers and snow
blowers.
In addition, hardware stores may also make keys, sharpen saws or repair storm windows and screens and
sell a wide variety of non-hardware items such as wallpaper and allied supplies, china, glassware, sporting
goods or automobile accessories or parts.
Such stores may also rent floor scraping or polishing machines, rug and upholstery cleaning machines and
similar equipment.
Other types of retail stores or operations assigned to this classification are:
1.
2.
3.
Bicycle Stores – including rental and incidental repair work.
Locksmiths – including installation, repair or replacement of locks in existing buildings.
Lawn mower sales and service (including riding-type).
Where a store sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such store shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold. The
term "principal" means more than 50% of the gross receipts
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Except as provided for above, separately staffed installation, service or repair operations shall be
separately classified including but not necessarily limited to the examples listed below:
1.
2.
The service or repair of televisions, video and/or audio equipment shall be assigned to Code 966.
The service or repair of major household appliances shall be assigned to Code 662.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Audio/Video Equipment Store - Retail
Bath And/Or Kitchen Fixture Store
Bicycle - Sale Or Rental, Including Repair
Bicycle Assembly At Retail Store Locations - By
Specialist Contractor
Cabinet Store - Retail
Ceramic Tile Store - Retail
Electrical Appliance Store, Small - Retail
Electrical Supply Store - Retail
Electronic Components And Accessories Store Retail
Exercise Equipment - Service Or Repair - In Shop
Or At Customers' Locations – By Specialist
Contractor
Fitness Equipment - Service Or Repair - In Shop Or
At Customers' Locations - By Specialist
Contractor
Garden Equipment Store
Hardware Store - Retail
Hot Tub Or Spa Dealer - Retail
Household Appliance Store, Small - Retail
Household Vacuum Cleaner Store, Small - Retail
Lawn Mower Sale Or Service (Including Riding
Type)
Lighting Fixture And Supplies Store
Locksmith - Including Shop - A Specialist
Contractor
Paint Store - Retail
Plumbers' Supplies Store - Retail
Radio Or Television Parts And Accessories Store Retail
Radio, Television Or Audio Equipment Store Retail
Sewing Machine Store - Retail
Stereophonic Or High Fidelity Equipment Store Retail
Swimming Pool Supply Store
Television, Video And/Or Audio Equipment Store Retail
Tile Store – Ceramic – Retail
Vacuum Cleaner Store (Household) - Retail
Video/Audio Equipment Store - Retail
926 HARDWARE STORE – Wholesale
Applies to dealers principally engaged in the wholesale selling of hardware. The term hardware as used in
this classification includes but is not necessarily limited to: nails, screws, bolts, washers, gaskets, brackets,
locks, hinges, hand or portable electric tools, machine tools, small household electrical appliances, stereo
equipment, radios, televisions, video and/or audio equipment, kitchenware, mill supplies or garden tools or
garden equipment such as lawn mowers or snow blowers. A wholesale hardware dealer may also sell
plumbing or electrical supplies.
Also includes "ship chandlers" who are dealers in ship supplies and equipment, such as engine room
equipment, lifeboat supplies, navigational instruments, deck gear or other ship stores.
Other types of risks included in this classification are wholesale dealers in the following articles:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Radio or Television Parts
Appliance Parts (for example, washers, dryers, window-unit air conditioners or refrigerators)
Aircraft Parts and Accessories
Welding Supplies, such as bottled gases, torches, welding rods or face masks
Cutlery
Sewing Machine Heads or Parts
Where a store sells several types of merchandise, each of which may be subject to a different
classification, such store shall be assigned on the basis of the principal category of merchandise sold. The
term "principal" means more than 50 percent of the gross receipts.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling wire rope or cable assign to Code 857.
Retail or wholesale establishments principally engaged in selling building materials such as roofing
(including shingles), siding, wallboard, brick and/or lumber assign to Code 855.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling plumbing supplies or pipe shall be assigned to
Code 885.
Wholesale dealers principally engaged in selling electrical supplies (e.g., electric wire, fuses, circuit
breakers) shall be assigned to Code 886.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Agricultural Implement Dealer - Other Than Farm
Machinery
Appliance Parts Dealer
Audio/Video Equipment Dealer - Wholesale
Cabinet Dealer - Wholesale
Ceramic Tile Dealer - Wholesale
Electrical Appliance Dealer - Small Appliances Wholesale
Electrical Machinery Or Equipment Dealer Wholesale
Fire Extinguisher - Sales And/Or Service Wholesale
Glass Dealer - No Mfg., Glass Bending, Beveling,
Grinding, Silvering Or Installation
Hardware Store - Wholesale
Hot Tub Or Spa Dealer - Wholesale
Household Appliances Dealer, Small - Wholesale
Household Vacuum Cleaner Dealer - Wholesale
CLASSIFICATIONS
Janitorial Supply Dealer - Wholesale
Oil Well Equipment Dealer
Paint Dealer - Wholesale
Radio, Television, Stereophonic Or High Fidelity
Equipment, Parts Or Accessories Dealer Wholesale
Sewing Machine Dealer - Wholesale
Ship Chandler
Stereophonic Or High Fidelity Equipment Dealer Wholesale
Television, Radio, Stereophonic Or High Fidelity
Equipment Dealer - Wholesale
Tile Dealer – Ceramic – Wholesale
Vacuum Cleaner Dealer - Wholesale
Video/Audio Equipment Dealer - Wholesale
Welding Equipment Or Supply Dealer
927 PHARMACY – Retail – all employees including office
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Mail Order Pharmacy
Pharmacy - Retail Or Internet Or Mail Order
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928 RETAIL STORE, N.O.C.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Antique Store, Other Than Furniture - Retail
Army/Navy Store - Retail
Art Gallery
Arts And Crafts Store - Retail
Barber Or Beauty Parlor Supply House - That
Operates In A Retail Manner
Bookstore
Camera Or Photographic Supply Store - Retail
Candy Store
Clothing Store (Used) - Retail
Computer Store - Retail
Cosmetics Store
Dog Groomer - No Kennel Facilities
Dry Cleaning - Self-Service Only
Film Exchange
Fireworks Store - Retail
Five And Ten Cent Store
Garden Center - Retail
Garden Supplies Store - Retail
Golf Course - Pro Shop - Operated By Specialist
Contractor
Goodwill Stores
Greeting Card Shop
Gun Shop - Retail
Handbag (Women's) Store
Hobby Shop - Retail
Ice Cream, Store Or Street Vending - Retail
Laundry - Coin-Operated - Self-Service
Laundry Collector Without Laundry (Excluding
Contract Hauler)
Luggage Store – Retail
Mailing And Shipping Store – By Independent
Contractor
Medical Supply Store - Retail
Motion Pictures, Development Of Films, No Other
Operations
Musical Instrument Rental - Except Pianos And
Organs
News Agent Or Magazine Distributor - Retail
Office Machine Store - Retail
Office Supply Store - Retail
Orthopedic, Prosthetic, And Surgical Appliances
And Supply Store - Retail
Pawn Shop
Personal Computer Store - Retail
Pet Grooming - By Specialist Contractor
Pet Shop - Retail
Phonograph Record Dealer - Retail
Photographer
Photographic Equipment And Supplies Store Retail
Photographic Studio, Not Producing Motion
Pictures, And Outside Work
Pro Shop - Golf Course - Operated By Specialist
Contractor
Receiving Station - Dry Cleaner - No Dry Cleaning
At Same Or Contiguous Location
Receiving Station - Laundry - No Laundering At
Same Or Contiguous Location
Retail Store, N.O.C.
Sporting Goods Store - Retail
Stationery Store - Retail
Store, Retail, N.O.C.
Telephone Store - Retail
Thrift Store (Used Clothing, Furniture, Household
Items) - Retail
Tobacco Products Store - Retail
Trophy Store (Including Assembly And Nameplate
Inscribing)
Used Clothing Store - Retail
Video Tape Or DVD Store - Rental Or Sale
Vitamin Store - Retail
Wallpaper Store - Retail
Water Ice Store
Wine Store - Retail - Operated By A Winery
Women's Handbag Store
932 COPYING OR DUPLICATING SERVICE – All employees including office
Applicable to printing businesses known as “quick printers” principally engaged in providing customer copy
reproduction by means of small offset presses, also known as duplicators, on paper sheet sizes 17 x 22
inches or less or electrostatic (photo) copiers on paper sheets of any size. Such businesses also typically
provide postpress bindery service that finishes the printed product.
Finishing may include but is not necessarily limited to: collating, cutting to size including die cutting, scoring
and perforating, rounding corners, tab cutting, folding, drilling or punching holes, stapling, sewing, wire
stitching, gluing – perfect binding, laminating, foil stamping or embossing.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
A printing business principally engaged in the reproduction of customer copy by other means shall
be assigned to the appropriate printing class as provided for in this Manual.
Code 932 and another printing class shall not be assigned to any printing business unless that
business fulfills the multiple enterprise criteria specified in Rule IV, Paragraph C. 3. a. 2.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Blueprint Reproduction (Using Photocopying
Method) - By Contractor
Document Scanning – By Specialist Contractor
Duplication Services
Laser Printing By Contractor
Microfilming
CLASSIFICATIONS
Offset Duplicating
Photocopy Shop
Printing - By Laser Method - By Contractor
Quick Printer
Scanning of Documents – By Specialist Contractor
933 VENDING OR COIN-OPERATED MACHINE – Installation, Service or Repair, all employees
except office
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) - Installation,
Service Or Repair
Candy And/Or Snack Trays – Sold On the Honor
System
Coffee Service Company
Coin-Operated Amusement Or Vending Machine Installation, Service Or Repair
Coin-Operated Telephone - Installation, Service Or
Repair By A Specialist Business Or Contractor
Jukebox Operation, Service Or Repair
Parking Meter Installation, Service Or Repair
Pinball Games - Service Or Repair By Vending
Machine Operator
Scale Installation Or Adjustment, Coin-Operated
Type, By Vending Machine Operator
Snack And/Or Candy Trays – Sold On the Honor
System
Telephone - Coin-Operated - Installation, Service
Or Repair By A Specialist Business Or
Contractor
Vending Machine Installation
Vending Or Coin-Operated Amusement Machine Installation, Service Or Repair
Video Games - Service Or Repair By Vending
Machine Operator
934 AUTOMOBILE PARTS AND ACCESSORY STORE – Retail and/or Wholesale
An auto parts store that also provides automobile repair services shall have payroll divided with Code 815
provided the following conditions are fulfilled: the auto parts sales and the automobile repair services are
conducted in physically separate work areas by separate employee crews and the majority of the parts/
accessories sold by the auto parts store must be sold to others and are neither installed nor used by the
insured for repair services. If both operations are conducted and these conditions are not met, then payroll
developed in both the auto parts sales and the auto repair services shall be assigned to Code 815.
The machining of brake drums and other auto parts conducted in a physically separate work area and
staffed by a separate employee crew shall be assigned to Code 461.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Auto Parts Dealer - Wholesale
Automobile Accessory Store
Automobile Parts Store
Motor Vehicle Parts And Accessory Dealer
Tire Dealer - Wholesale - No Installation, Service
Or Repair
935 LUMBER AND/OR BUILDING MATERIAL DEALER – Store Employees – For use in
conjunction with Code 855 only
Applicable to the operation of a retail store on the premises of a lumber and/or building material dealer in
which hardware, paint and other similar merchandise is sold. This classification may only be authorized
as an additional classification for an employer classified to Code 855 if the employer fulfils the multiple
enterprise criteria discussed in Rule IV, C. 3. a. 2. of this Manual. The retail store must be operated in a
physically separate work area from the lumber and/or building material dealer’s warehouse or yard with no
interchange of labor between the store and the warehouse or yard. The term “retail” shall be construed to
mean the selling of displayed merchandise in store-type premises where floor and/or counter
salespersons assist customers or on a self-service basis to the general public for personal or household
consumption or use. This classification shall also apply when the store sales are made to wholesale
customers (e.g., commercial or professional users) but conducted primarily in a retail manner. For
purposes of assignment to this classification, the term “retail manner” shall be construed to mean that the
insured will have a floor area where merchandise is stocked in display aisles, customers may walk up and
down the display aisles, inspect the merchandise being offered for sale, place their selections into either a
shopping basket or shopping cart and make payment for their selections at a customer checkout lane.
The retail store may also contain a second counter area where customers may place orders for the lumber
and/or building materials.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
This classification is not available for the operation of a sales counter of a lumber and/or building material
dealer where the insured’s staff takes customer orders for the lumber and/or building materials, accepts
payment, transfers the orders to the insured’s yard or warehouse staff and may also sell merchandise
from a counter display, display racks behind the counter and/or a display space in front of the counter but
where the insured does not operate a separate retail store as defined above.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Lumber And Building Material Dealer - Store Employees - For Use In Conjunction With Class 855 Only
936 BROADCASTING STATION – Radio or Television, all employees including office
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
The pre-production, production and post-production phases of a motion picture, television, music
video or advertisement (commercial) production company when performed by the motion picture,
television, music video or advertisement (commercial) production company’s staff. Activities
contemplated in the different production phases include but are not necessarily limited to:
directors, assistant directors, producers, performers, musicians, set builders, wardrobe designers,
sound technicians, gaffers (lighting technicians), grips (grips conduct rigging operations around the
set, move camera dollies, and ensure the set is safe), hair or makeup persons, camera operators,
cinematographers, film developers or editors.
Motion picture production companies making animated films including but not necessarily limited to:
voice talent, motion capture actors, camera and equipment operators, computer animators, the
director, and producers.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
When the motion picture, television, music video or advertisement production company outsources
any of the activities incident to motion picture, television, music video or advertisement production
to an unrelated business (specialty contractor), that unrelated business shall be assigned to that
Manual classification contemplating the unrelated contractor’s specialized operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Advertisements – Filming Or Video Production Or
Audio Recording Of Radio Or Television
Commercials
Broadcasting Station - Radio Or Television
Industrial Film Production Company
Motion Picture Production Company
Music Video Production Company
Radio Broadcasting Station
Radio Commercial Recording
Sound Recording Studio
Television Broadcasting Station
Television Or Radio Advertisements – Filming Or
Video Production Or Audio Recording
Training Film Production Company
--Videographer
939 CARNIVAL, Circus or Amusement Device Operator – TRAVELING
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Amusement Device Operator - Traveling
Carnival - Traveling
Circus - Traveling
Fair - Traveling
Kiddie Rides - All Operations - Traveling
Traveling Amusement Device Operator
Traveling Carnival
Traveling Circus
940 RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY for ---INDIVIDUALS WITH INTELLECTUAL
DISABILITIES – all employees except office and the separate staff of a certified sheltered workshop
Includes operations licensed as Intermediate Care Facilities for the ---Individuals with Intellectual
Disabilities (ICF/IID) regardless of client count or location. Also included are schools and daycare activities
operated by the facility.
---ICF/IIDs are licensed by the state to provide on a regular basis, health related care and services to the
---intellectually disabled, who do not require the degree of care or treatment which a hospital or skilled
nursing facility is designed to provide. These facilities regardless of client number provide unique and
specialized residential, medical and habilitation services to its clients.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Community Residential Facilities (CRF) and ICF/---IID - 9 or more residents have similar regulations, goals
and staffing patterns. The large ICF/---IID receives federal funds under Medicaid, while the CRF receives
state funds.
The larger ---ICF/IIDs (9 or more clients) usually provide educational, workshop/vocational and physical
therapy programs at one campus with many residents living in cottages having no more than 8 residents
each. Supervision may be provided by staff in three 8-hour shifts. Smaller ---ICF/IIDs (8 or fewer clients)
also assigned to this classification provide community-based programs which are designed to facilitate the
client’s movement to a less restrictive environment than the larger facilities. These community-based --ICF/IIDs employ a relatively high staff to client ratio and 24-hour supervision with at least one staff member
monitoring overnight activity. Smaller ---ICF/IIDs may serve clients from higher functioning to profoundly --intellectually disabled.
---
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 964 to separately-staffed certified sheltered workshops.
Assign Code 941 to separately-staffed group homes for eight or fewer residents operated by
Community Residential Facilities located off campus.
Assign Code 979 to separately-staffed personal care homes located off campus.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Community Residential Facility For ---Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities - 9 Or More Residents Per
Facility
Group Home - 9 Or More Per Facility Licensed As Community Residential Services For ---Individuals With
Intellectual Disabilities
Group Home - Intermediate Care Facility For --- Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities - Regardless Of
Client Count
Intermediate Care Facility For --- Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities - Regardless Of Client Count
941 SOCIAL REHABILITATION FACILITY – For adults or children – all employees including office
Applicable to non-medical residential care facilities providing a transitional non-institutional environment in
a group setting which emphasizes through guidance and counseling the social rehabilitation and the
eventual reintegration of the resident into the community. Such facilities include: Community Residential
Rehabilitation Services (CRSS) for mentally ill clients regardless of client count per facility.
Residential facilities for children provide a non-institutional environment focusing on socialization and
reintegration into the community. Residents in these facilities are usually pre-teen to 18 years of age. At
these facilities individualized programs are designed to rehabilitate the child. Emphasis is placed upon
reuniting children with their families, placing children in foster care or moving them into a group home
where independent living skills are stressed.
Community Residential Facilities operating group homes with 8 or fewer mentally disabled residents which
are not licensed as intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (ICF/MR) are community based
residential programs providing supportive services for a more highly functional client. Clients in these
group homes access community based programs for the mentally retarded. These clients do not require
the health care provided at a ICF/MR group home. Many of these clients will become self-sufficient enough
to move into minimal supervision apartments.
Additional programs, e.g., daycare, respite care and prevocational training programs, provided by group
home operators shall be included within the scope of this class. Training programs that pay the trainees
for services rendered (including sheltered workshops) shall be separately classified.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Drug and alcohol halfway houses, shelters for the homeless, victims of domestic abuse, unwed mothers or
pre-parole halfway houses shall be assigned to Code 986.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Child Care Service, Residential - (Neglected, Deprived Or Abused)
Community Living Arrangement For The Mentally Disabled (CLA) - 8 Or Fewer Residents Per Facility
Community Rehabilitative Residential Facility (CRRF) - Group Homes For The Mentally Ill
Community Residential Facility - Off Campus - With 8 Or Fewer Clients Per Facility
Family Living Home For The Developmentally Disabled
Group Home - Developmentally Disabled (Not Intermediate Care Facility) - 8 Or Fewer Clients Per Facility
Home For Orphans
Orphanage
Residential Child Care Service - (Neglected, Deprived Or Abused)
942 HOME HEALTH CARE – Professional Staff, all employees except office
Please see the Home Health Care Services entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information
section for further information on the scope of this class.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Community Nursing Services - Professional Staff
Home Health Care Services - Professional Staff
Hospice Care Performed In Client's Residence Professional Staff
Nurse - Private Duty
Nurses - Visiting Patients In Private Homes
Private Duty Nurse
Public Health Nurse
Visiting Nurse
943 HOME HEALTH CARE – Nonprofessional Staff, all employees except office
Please see the Home Health Care Services entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information
section for further information on the scope of this class.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Chore Worker - Home Health Care Services
Community Nursing Services - Nonprofessional
Staff
Home Health Aide
Home Health Care Services - Nonprofessional Staff
Homemaker Service
Hospice Care Performed In Client's Residence Nonprofessional Staff
944 CLUB – Country, Golf or Yachting – all employees except office
Includes restaurant or tavern employees and all operations performed by club employees including but not
necessarily limited to: those conducted by desk and room clerks, housekeepers, instructors, pro shop
sales clerks, club attendants and golf starters.
Assign the appropriate marina classification to separately staffed marina or yacht basin operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Club - Country, Golf Or Yachting
Country Club
Golf Course - Pro Shop - Operated By Golf Course
Golf Course - Public Or Private
Yacht Club
CLERICAL AND PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYMENTS
945 HOTEL RESTAURANT employees, all employees except office. For use in conjunction with Code
973 only
Please see the Hotel Or Motel Operations entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information
section for further information on the scope of this class.
946 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary MEDICAL Staffing
Applicable to employers providing professional and/or nonprofessional medical staff to unrelated health
care facilities or to physicians/dentists’ practices on a temporary basis. Such employees include but are
not necessarily limited to: registered nurses or licensed practical nurses, pharmacists, aides, orderlies,
attendants medical technicians or doctors.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Payroll developed by separate staff(s) performing home health care services shall be separately classified
as provided in this Manual.
Payroll developed by temporary janitorial, laundry, kitchen or other non-medical staff (except clerical)
provided to health care facilities shall be assigned to the Temporary Staff N.O.C. class exposure group
that includes Code 971.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Medical
Staffing
Medical Service - Temporary Help
Nurse - RN And LPN Including Aides - Temporary
Help
Temporary Medical Staffing
948 MAILING or ADDRESSING COMPANY – all employees including office
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in mailing advertising material such as letters, circulars
and/or small product samples or other items (e.g., bills) for unrelated concerns. The mailing company may
compile mailing lists or receive lists of names from customers. Materials to be mailed may be received
bound on pallets ready for mailing. Billing information is received from customers. The mailing company
may generate the letter or bill by computer (laser or impact printed). The mailing company may design and
print advertising materials. Printing operations shall be included with the mailing company class provided
that more than 50 percent of the items printed are used as materials in the mailing business.
Most mailing companies have a production department where employees operate machines to burst, fold,
insert, label and affix a stamp to each envelope. The last item listed is optional as much of this mail is
metered. Mail is presorted to the addressee's five- or nine-digit zip code, placed in postal sacks and taken
to the Post Office. Very small firms may employ persons to manually stuff envelopes, hand label and
stamp material to be mailed.
Larger mailing companies may have sales and promotion employees soliciting accounts, designing and
producing advertising campaigns in addition to the mailing operation.
Code 948 also contemplates presort bureaus which sort first-class mail for unrelated concerns. The mail
may be sorted manually or by automatic sorting machines to the five- or nine-digit zip code. The sorted
mail is placed in postal trays or sacks and taken to the post office.
Clerical is included within the phraseology of this classification. Code 948 does not provide for payroll
division with either Code 951 or Code 953.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign the appropriate store classification to employers who may mail catalogs and later receive (by
phone, mail or the Internet) and fulfill customer orders from inventoried merchandise.
Businesses printing and performing mailing or addressing shall be subject to the appropriate printing
classification when less than 50 percent of the print production is used in the mailing or addressing
operation.
Code 948 and a printing class shall not be assigned to an employer unless that employer fulfills the
multiple enterprise criteria delineated in Rule IV, Section 1 of this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Advertising - Mailing Or Addressing Of Advertising
Literature
Direct Mail Company
Mail Sorting Service - By Specialist Contractor
Mailing Or Addressing Company Including
Incidental Printing
Presort Bureau - Mail Sorting - By Specialist
Contractor
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CLASSIFICATIONS
949 EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – Temporary MARKETING
Applicable to temporary marketing help such as sales or demonstration personnel including conventions,
shows or exhibits.
Also includes temporary help engaged as appraisers, inspectors, meter readers or personnel notifying
utility customers of service cutoffs.
Please see the Employment Contractor  Temporary Staffing entry in the General Auditing & Classification
Information section for further information on classifying temporary staff.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Employment Contractor - Temporary Marketing Staff
Marketing Staff - Temporary Staff
Temporary Marketing Staff
951 SALESPERSON – OUTSIDE
Are employees either exclusively engaged in sales or collection work away from the employer’s premises
or who regularly and frequently are engaged in sales or collection work away from their employer’s
premises and devote the balance of their time in clerical office duties.
Salespersons, collectors or messengers shall be separately classified except in connection with any
classification designated either “all employees including office” or “all employees except office.”
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign employees engaged as delivery salespersons, route salespersons and/or route supervisors
delivering merchandise or products, who may also collect payments or solicit sales to the employer’s
applicable field-of-business classification.
2. Assign floor and/or counter salespersons to the employer’s field-of-business classification at the
location.
3. Assign door-to-door salespersons to the employer’s applicable business classification.
4. Assign to Code 953 employees who sell or solicit exclusively by telephone.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Adjuster, Insurance - By Independent Contractor
Advertising - Distributing Circulars Or Samples Not In Stores
Advertising Display Card Service - Installation Or
Removal Of, In Or On Vehicles
Advertising Display Service - For Stores
Advisory Rating Organization - Field
Representative
Auctioneer, Not Livestock, No Permanent Location
Auditor, Insurance - Traveling - Independent
Contractor
Boiler Inspection
Boy Or Girl Scout Council - Executive Secretary
Collectors Of Money - By Specialist Contractor
Electric Meter Reader
Elevator Inspection
Executive Secretary, Boy Or Girl Scout Council
Gas Meter Reader
Handbill Distribution
Highway Operation - Toll Collector
Inspection Of Mercantile, Mfg. Or Risks For
Insurance Or Valuation Purposes - By
Independent Contractor
Insurance Adjuster - By Independent Contractor
Insurance Traveling Auditor - Independent
Contractor
Inventory Service - By Specialist Contractor
Marine Appraiser Or Surveyor
Messengers
Newspaper Reporter Or Photographer
Real Estate Agency - Outside Salespersons
Salesperson - Outside
Salesperson, Trimming Windows
Timber Cruiser (Exclusive Duties)
Tour Guide
Traveling Insurance Auditor - Independent
Contractor
Water Meter Reader
Window Trimming, By Contractor
952 OFFICE MACHINE SERVICE or Repair
Includes shop. Manufacturing to be separately rated.
Specialist contractors performing delivery and/or set-up of office machines or equipment shall be assigned
to Code 811.
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Adding Machine Repair - Shop Or Field
Answering Machine (Telephone) Repair
Cell Tower Erection – Installation And/Or Service
of Computerized Call Switching Equipment By
Contractor
Computer Or Computer System - Service Or
Repair - Shop Or Field
Data Processing Systems - Service Or Repair Shop Or Field
Dictating Machine Repair - Shop Or Field
Instrument - Professional Or Scientific - Service Or
Repair - Shop Or Field
Meat Slicers Or Grinders - Counter Type - Service
Or Repair
Office Machine Repair - Shop Or Field
Organ Tuning - Away From Shop
CLASSIFICATIONS
Photocopy Machines - Service Or Repair - Shop Or
Field
Piano Tuning
Scale Adjustment, Service Or Repair, Counter Type
Soap Dispenser Installation And/Or Servicing - Rest
Rooms - By Specialist Contractor
Telephone Apparatus Installation, by Contractor 952
Telephone Service Or Repair By Specialist Crew Of
A Contractor Or Other Than By
Telecommunications Company
Time Clocks, Recording Employee Time Installation And Repair
Typewriter Repair - Shop Or Field
Voting Machine - Service Or Repair
Word Processor - Service Or Repair - Shop Or Field
X-Ray Equipment Installation, Repair Or Service
953 Clerical OFFICE Employees
Are employees exclusively engaged in keeping the books or records of the business or conducting
correspondence or who are engaged wholly in office work where such books or records are kept or such
correspondence is conducted.
Clerical office employees work exclusively in a separate building or on separate floors or in departments
on such floors which are separated from all other workplaces of the employer by floor-to-ceiling partitions
except for retail stores where a partition at least five feet high is required and within which no work is
performed other than clerical office duties.
Office employees shall be separately classified except in connection with any classification designated
“all employees including office.”
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign to the employer’s applicable field-of-business classification the following “clerks:” counter,
front desk, lobby, mall kiosk, stock or tally clerk.
Assign librarians to the employer’s applicable field-of-business classification.
Assign cashiers or any employee whose regular and frequent duty is accepting payment for
merchandise or services rendered, whether working in a booth, behind a counter or on a sales floor,
to the employer’s applicable field-of-business classification.
Assign the entire payroll of any clerical office employee who has any other regular duty to the
applicable classification in accordance with the class to which the business is assigned.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Advisory Rating Organization - Clerical Office
Boy Or Girl Scout Council - Clerical - Except At
Camp Locations
Clerical Office Employees
Computer Programmer
Mailing Lists - Compiling/Selling - Risk's Only
Operation
Race Track, Pari-Mutuel Clerks
Real Estate Agency - Clerical Workers In Office
Telephone Or Telegraph Operator
954 SECURITY AGENCY
A security agency may also be known as a guard and patrol service. Such businesses are principally
engaged in providing unrelated private sector or government customers with armed or unarmed private
security personnel (also known as security officers) to guard the customer’s premises and surrounding
property against unlawful or undesirable activities (e.g., fire, theft, vandalism). To accomplish these
overall goals a guard/security officer’s duties may include but are not necessarily limited to the tasks
discussed below. A guard may control access to the customer’s building or another off-road site (e.g.,
construction), direct traffic onto or off of the customer's premises and answer telephones. A guard’s duties
may be stationary (when the guard is assigned to a fixed location) or mobile (in a car covering a specified
area). A guard may conduct a walking tour of the assigned location and/or monitor closed-circuit
television cameras. A security guard (e.g., in a retail store) may wear ordinary clothing, but typically a
security guard will wear a uniform with a badge that clearly identifies the person as a security guard and
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CLASSIFICATIONS
designates the guard’s employer. A security guard may maintain a logbook or write a report on their work
shift activities and observations. Private security guards generally do not have police powers, but store
guards will act to stop shoplifters (turning suspects over to the local police) and armed guards may act to
stop robberies (e.g., in a bank) or, if acting as bodyguards, to protect the client(s) before the police can
arrive.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 660 to a separate crew of employees of a security agency that installs or repairs
alarms.
Assign Code 904 to separate staff engaged in performing any type of investigations for unrelated
customers.
Assign Code 601 to flagging service contractors.
Assign the employer’s governing class to security guards employed by a business to protect that
business’ premises and property.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Repossessing, By Specialist Contractor
Guard Or Patrol Service - By Contractor
Parking Enforcement Officer (Meter Maid) Employed By A Parking Authority
Security Agency
955 ENGINEERING CONSULTING FIRM, mechanical, civil, electrical or mining engineering
consulting firms - all employees including office.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Obtaining subsurface soil and/or rock samples by drilling or alternate technologies when such is
integral to the employer’s Code 955 operations.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 951 and/or Code 953 to businesses principally engaged in providing computer and/or
software consulting services.
Engineers employed by concerns whose field-of-business is actual construction, manufacturing,
mining or installation operations shall be assigned in accordance with the class or classes
appropriate to the business of the employer, unless the operations subject to Code 955 fulfill the
multiple enterprise conditions described in Section 1, Rule IV, C. 3. a.
Assign Code 905 to businesses principally engaged in architectural and/or interior design consulting.
Separately rate to Code 607 drilling ---that is independent of (not integral to) the employer’s
operations/services assignable to Code 955. Examples of such work include but are not limited to
drilling in preparation for caisson construction or the drilling of water wells.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Air Conditioning: Non-Portable, Air Flow Testing
And Balancing - By Specialist Contractor
Analytical Chemical Firm
Art Conservation, Preservation Or Restoration - By
Specialist Contractor
Assaying - By Specialist Contractor
Book Conservation - By Specialist Contractor
Civil Consulting Engineering Firm
Consulting Engineering Firm
Dermatological Lab - Testing Cosmetics - By
Specialist Contractor
Document Conservation - Paper - By Specialist
Contractor
Electrical Consulting Engineering Firm
Engineering Consulting Firm - All Types Of
Engineering
Geophysical Exploration
Mechanical Consulting Engineering Firm
Mining Consulting Engineering Firm
Non-Destructive Testing - All Kinds - By Specialist
Contractor
Paper Document Conservation - By Specialist
Contractor
Research And Development (Including Prototypes)
- By Specialist Contractor
Surveying - By Specialist Contractor
Testing - Non-Destructive - All Kinds - By Specialist
Contractor
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956 LAW FIRM, all employees including office
This classification is for law firms.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Attorneys employed by other establishments whose field-of-business includes but is not necessarily
limited to manufacturing or construction shall be assigned to the classification consistent with the
employer’s business.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Attorney - Independent Contractor
Law Firm
957 PHYSICIAN or DENTIST, all employees including office
This classification is for the physician’s or dentist’s office. Includes licensed practitioners engaged in the
practice of general or specialized dentistry, medicine, surgery or therapy (physical or mental).
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign the applicable health care facility classification where overnight inpatient care is provided.
2. Assign Code 959 to practitioners of veterinary medicine.
3. Physicians or dentists employed by a health care facility shall be assigned in accordance with the
health care facility class appropriate to the business at the location.
4. Assign Code 946 to physicians or dentists employed by a temporary medical staffing contractor and
who are provided on a temporary basis to unrelated health care facilities.
5. Separate staff performing home health care services shall be separately classified to either Code 942
or to Code 943 as provided in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Birth Center - Not Operated By A Hospital
Blood Bank
Chiropodist Office
Clinic - Outpatient Services Only
Clinical Laboratory - Independent
Dental Assistant - Employed By A Dentist Office
Dentist Office
Hair Transplantation
Mental Health Center - Outpatient Services Only
Optometrist Office
Osteopath Office
Physical Therapy - By Specialist Contractor
Physician Office
Psychiatrist Office
Psychologist (M.A. or Ph.D.) Office
Speech Therapy - By Specialist Contractor
X-Ray Service - Non-Hospital
958 REHABILITATION HOSPITAL, all employees including office
Health care facilities that are licensed as rehabilitation hospitals or psychiatric hospitals by the State of
Pennsylvania and who do not meet the criteria for assignment to the hospital classification and are not
licensed as a nursing home shall be assigned to this classification. This classification applies to a category
of rehabilitative facilities that falls between a full-service hospital and a nursing home.
Types of Facilities to be included in this classification are:
Rehabilitation hospitals
Psychiatric hospitals
Alcohol and/or drug residential facilities licensed as Inpatient Non-Hospital-Detoxification or as Inpatient
Non-Hospital-Drug Free
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alcohol And/Or Drug Residential Facility Licensed
As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility
Detoxification (Alcohol And/Or Drug) Residential
Facility Licensed As An Inpatient Non-Hospital
Facility
Drug And/Or Alcohol Residential Facility Licensed
As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility
Hospital, Psychiatric
Hospital, Rehabilitation
Inpatient Non-Hospital Detoxification Or Drug Free
Licensed Facility
Psychiatric Hospital
Rehabilitation Hospital
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959 VETERINARIANS, including employers raising and caring for non-farm domestic animals.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Animal Raising - Non-Farm Domestic Animals
Artificial Insemination Of Animals
Bee Raising
Breeding Of Animals, Non-Farm Domestic
Dog Kennel
Dog Obedience Classes
Hospital, Veterinary
Laboratory Animal Breeding Or Raising (Rats,
Mice, Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Etc.)
Livestock Tattooing, By Contractor
Poultry Vaccination, Debeaking And Sexing, By
Contractor
Society For Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals
Tattooing, Livestock, By Contractor
Veterinarian
Veterinary Hospital
Worm Raising
960 NURSING and CONVALESCENT HOME – Long Term Care Facility with 50% or more beds
Licensed as Intermediate Care or Higher – all employees except office and home health care services.
Applies to concerns operating health care facilities that are licensed by the State of Pennsylvania as long
term care and have 50 percent or more of their beds licensed as Intermediate Care or Higher. These firms
offer varying degrees of care to patients who may be incapacitated in differing degrees including bedridden
patients. Intermediate Care means nursing care and related medical or other personal services to
individuals within the context of a planned program of care and supervision on a continuous twenty-four
hour basis in an institutional setting.
Skilled Nursing Care means high intensity comprehensive planned care including rehabilitative or
restorative therapy, complex medical or drug therapy, diet supervision, trained observation and/or nursing
care available on a twenty-four hour basis.
These insureds may or may not be multiple tier facilities meaning there is a mix of licensed beds and
unlicensed quarters such as apartments or cottages. A class assignment to either Code 960 or to Code
974 is dependent upon the counting procedure delineated below. Personal care, intermediate care or
skilled nursing beds shall be counted per bed. Apartments or cottages shall be counted per number of
units with each unit being the equivalent of a bed. Those with 50 percent or more beds licensed as
intermediate care or higher are assignable to Code 960. Those with less than 50 percent so licensed are
assignable to Code 974.
There shall be no payroll division between Code 960 and Codes 974 and 979 at a single location/campus.
Types of Facilities to be included in this classification are:
Convalescent home, with 50 percent or more beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
Life Care Community, with 50 percent or more beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
Nursing home, with 50 percent or more beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
Retirement Community, with 50 percent or more beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Payroll developed by separate staff(s) performing home health care services shall be separately classified
as provided in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Convalescent Home - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
Life Care Community - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
Long Term Care Facility - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
Nursing Home - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
Retirement Community - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
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961 HOSPITAL – all employees including office
Only those medical institutions providing general hospital facilities shall be assigned to Code 961 "Hospitals." The following minimum criteria shall be used as a guide for determining those risks assigned
to this classification:
1.
An organized staff of doctors subject to a duly authorized set of by-laws adopted by the hospital.
2.
Registered nurse supervision and such other nursing services to provide patient care 24 hours a
day.
3.
(a) Surgical facilities and/or
(b) Operating or delivery room
4.
Relatively complete diagnostic and treatment facilities for medical patients on the premises, and
5.
Diagnostic X-ray and clinical laboratory services regularly and immediately available.
In general, hospitals licensed by the State of Pennsylvania, under the following types, meet these criteria
and shall be assigned to Code 961 - "Hospitals."
Type of Facility
General hospitals which admit maternity patients
General hospitals which do not admit maternity patients
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Clerical office personnel engaged in the business administration of the hospital or related functions
regardless of whether the office personnel are located at or contiguous to the hospital or at a location
separate from the hospital.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 982 to Workfare Program Employees.
2. Separate staff performing home health care services shall be separately classified to either Code 942 or
to Code 943 as provided in this Manual.
3. Assign Code 946 to employers providing temporary medical staff to unrelated hospitals. Medical staff is
defined as including but not necessarily limited to: registered nurses or licensed practical nurses,
pharmacists, nurses’ aides, certified nurses’ aides, orderlies, attendants, medical technicians or doctors.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Hospital, All Employees
962 ACCOUNTING or FINANCIAL AUDITING FIRM – all employees including clerical office
This classification is for accounting or financial auditing firms.
Accounting firm – a business performing the systematic recording, reporting and analysis of an unrelated
business’ financial transactions typically broken down in the business’ financial year.
Financial auditing firm – a business that reviews or examines unrelated businesses’ financial records to be
certain the unrelated businesses’ financial records are correct or free of error.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 951 to an independent insurance traveling auditor employed by an unrelated business.
2. Assign Code 951 or Code 953 to personnel employed by unrelated businesses principally engaged in
providing computer and/or software consulting services.
3. Assign Code 953 to independent auditors of non-financial information or records (e.g., drug trials,
patient care records of a health care facility).
4. Assign Code 984 to an insurance traveling auditor employed by an insurance company.
5. Accountants or financial auditors employed by a business whose field-of-business may include but is
not necessarily limited to manufacturing or construction shall be assigned to the classification
consistent with the employer’s field-of-business.
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Accounting Firm
Auditing Firm – Financial (Not An Independent
Insurance Traveling Auditing Firm)
Financial Auditing Firm (Not An Independent
Insurance Traveling Auditing Firm)
CLASSIFICATIONS
Public Accounting Firm
Tax Preparation Service
963 CHURCH – all employees including office
Applicable to the place of worship by a local congregation of any religious faith.
If two or more churches are served by one or more common employees, insurance must be provided by a
single policy, issued in the names of all such churches or missions as “joint employers.” Such a policy
must insure only the liability for injury to employees who are employed jointly by the several churches. If
one or more of the individual churches also has employees employed by it alone, separate policies must
be issued in the name of each such individual church to insure the liability to such employees. Such
policies must contain the “Church Endorsement – Pennsylvania,” as shown in Section 3.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Includes religious education provided by the church.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Payroll division must be provided for schools or hospitals at separate locations.
2. Assign Code 891 for a separately-staffed day nursery school, kindergarten---, child daycare center or
a before and/or after school program operated on the church premises from Monday through Friday.
3. Assign Code 965 for a separately-staffed elementary and/or secondary school operated on the church
premises from Monday through Friday.
4. Assign Code 999 to cemetery employees.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Church
Synagogue
964 ---WORK CENTER – all employees including office
This classification is for establishments certified as sheltered workshops (exempted from the Federal
Minimum Wage Law) by the United States Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration,
Wage and Hour Division.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Sheltered Workshop
965 COLLEGE OR SCHOOL, N.O.C. – all employees including office
Applicable to academic, trade or vocational institutions of learning (e.g., colleges or universities, private
schools, public or parochial school districts, cyber schools and charter schools) that provide a formal
educational curriculum in a classroom setting or online. Trade or vocational schools may also provide
shop or field experience as a part of the curriculum. Colleges or universities, private schools, public or
parochial school districts, cyber schools and charter schools are subject to licensing by the Pennsylvania
Department of Education. Colleges or universities may also be subject to accreditation by multi-state
bodies such as the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Independent contractors providing academic tutoring services to grade school, high school or college
level students either on a one-to-one basis or in a classroom setting to multiple students.
2. The operation of a day nursery school, kindergarten or child daycare center by an elementary school
or by a school district.
3. The operation of a gym and/or an athletic field where students participate in physical education
classes, intramurals, or sports’ teams practice or games.
4. The operation of a library on school premises for use by the school’s students.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 968 to employers principally engaged in providing sports instruction or training including
but not necessarily limited to: gymnastics, swimming, tennis, martial arts, basketball, ice hockey or rock
climbing.
2. Assign Code 982 to Workfare Program employees.
3. Assign Code 890 to separately located and staffed public libraries.
4. Assign Code 891 to employers principally engaged in operating day nursery schools, kindergartens,
child daycare centers---, Head Start Programs or before and/or after school programs.
5. Assign Code 892 to employers principally engaged in providing early intervention services to children,
generally from birth to age 6.
6. Assign Code 893 to Intermediate Units.
7. Assign Code 894 to schools for court adjudicated delinquents or disturbed children.
8. Assign Code 969 to employers principally engaged in providing outdoor sports or other activities
instruction including but not necessarily limited to: swimming, tennis, rock climbing or obstacle course
training facilities.
9. Assign Code 7424 to flight personnel of an aircraft flying school.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Academic Tutoring Service By Independent
Provider
Aircraft Trade School, Except Flying School
Charter School
College Or School, N.O.C.
Computer Training School
Cyber School
Dance Studio, Not Operated In Conjunction With
Dance Hall
English As A Second Language Courses By
Specialist Contractor
Foreign Language Courses By Specialist
Contractor
Music Lessons By Specialist Contractor
School District - Public, Private Or Parochial
School, Aircraft, All Employees Except Flight Crew
School, Trade Or Vocational
Trade School
Tutoring Service (In Academic Subjects) By
Independent Contractor
Union Trade School
University
Vocational Educational Institution
966 TELEVISION, VIDEO, AUDIO or RADIO EQUIPMENT SERVICE OR REPAIR – Shop
or Outside
---
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Specialist contractors performing the installation of vehicular equipment including but not necessarily
limited to: alarm systems, radios, security systems, navigation systems, video systems, remote
starters and ignition interlock systems.
Specialist contractors performing the installation, service and repair of marine equipment, including
but not necessarily limited to: radar systems, radios and depth finders.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign the appropriate store class to separately-staffed store operations.
Assign Code 662 to businesses principally engaged in the service and repair of household and
commercial appliances.
Assign Code 952 to businesses principally engaged in the service and repair of office machines or
equipment.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Audio/Video Equipment Repair
Automobile Radio Or Telephone Installation
Car Phone Installation
Citizen Band (CB) Radio Installation Or Repair
Compact Disc Player Repair
Telephone Or Radio Installation - Automobile
Television, Video And/Or Audio Equipment
Installation, Service Or Repair, Including
Installation Of Antenna
Video Cassette Recorder And Video Camera
Repair
Video/Audio Equipment Repair
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CLASSIFICATIONS
967 THEATERS – all employees including office
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Dance Band - Independent Contractor
Dance Company
Disc Jockey Service - Non Broadcasting
Drive-In Theater
Entertainer
Motion Picture Theater
Musician, Independent Contractor
Orchestra
Theater (Including Drive-In)
Theatrical Productions
Traveling Orchestra
968 AMATEUR SPORTS, RECREATIONAL OR AMUSEMENT FACILITY, INDOOR
Applicable to businesses operating an amateur sport, recreational or amusement facility. Such include but
are not necessarily limited to bowling alleys or video game arcades. Patrons may pay a fee to enter the
facility and/or pay to use amusement devices on an individual basis.
Also applicable to businesses operating an indoor facility where patrons can practice or receive training or
instruction in a specific sport including but not necessarily limited to: swimming, tennis, gymnastics,
racquetball, ice or roller skating or karate or other martial arts training. Such facilities typically employ
trainers or instructors who will oversee classes with multiple participants or who will provide individual
training.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Counter staff and employees engaged in dispensing change and/or game tokens.
2. Pro shop operations, unless multiple enterprise criteria are fulfilled, as delineated in Section 1, Rule IV,
C., 3. a. of this Manual.
3. Food or beverage service operations, unless multiple enterprise criteria are fulfilled, as delineated in
Section 1, Rule IV, C., 3. a. of this Manual.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 884 to health or exercise clubs.
2. Assign Code 970 to professional or semiprofessional sports teams.
3. Assign Code 976 to a recreation association, commission or authority.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Amateur Sports Training Facility (e.g., Basketball,
Ice Hockey, Boxing) Not Professional Or
Semiprofessional Sports
Amusements, Indoor - See Entry By Topical Name
Billiard Hall
Bowling Alley
Cheerleading Instruction - By Independent
Contractor
Club, Swim - Indoor
Club, Tennis - Indoor
Gymnastics Training
Karate Or Other Martial Arts Institute
Martial Arts (Including Karate) Institute
Pool Room
Racquetball Club
Recreational Facility Or Amusement Devices,
Indoor - See Entry By Topical Name
Rock Climbing Wall Facility - Indoor
Shooting Gallery - Indoor
Skating Rink - Ice Or Roller - Indoor
Sports (e.g., Basketball, Ice Hockey Or Boxing)
Amateur Training Facility - ---Not Professional Or
Semiprofessional Sports
Swim Club - Indoor
Tennis Club - Indoor
Video Game Arcade
969 AMUSEMENT, OUTDOOR: fairs, exhibitions, amusement parks or any outdoor amusement that is
permanently sited.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Ticket sellers or collectors and box office employees.
2. Employees engaged in the sale of food or beverages or gift/souvenirs from vending carts or by carrying
the merchandise on their person.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign the applicable restaurant classification to payroll developed in a separately located and staffed
prepared food and/or beverage service.
2. Assign Code 928 to payroll developed in a physically separate and staffed gifts/souvenirs sales
operation.
3. Assign Code 981 to payroll developed in separately located and staffed slot machine gambling
operations. See the Code 981 class description for the scope of that classification.
4. Separately classify to Code 970 professional and semi-professional athletics as defined in that class’
description.
5. Assign Code 939 to any traveling (not permanently sited) amusement.
6. Assign Code 953 to race track pari-mutuel employees.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Amusement Park
Amusements, Outdoor - See Entry By Topical
Name
Arboretum - Open To Public Exhibition
Archery Range - Outdoor
Athletic Parks Operation
Ball Or Dart Throwing At Targets
Baseball Batting Range
Botanical Gardens – Open to Public Exhibition
Cave, Exhibition
Club, Swim - Outdoor
Club, Tennis - Outdoor
Exhibition - Outdoor
Exhibition Garden
Fair - Permanently Sited
Fishing Pond, Public
Garden - Open To Public Exhibition
Golf Course - Miniature
Golf Driving Range
Horse Show
Jockey - Employed By A Race Track
Kiddie Rides - All Operations - Permanently Sited
Miniature Golf Course
Park, N.O.C.
Pitch And Putt Golf Course
Pony Rides
Race Track Operation
Recreational Facility Or Amusement Devices,
Outdoor - See Entry By Topical Name
Rock Climbing Wall Facility - Outdoor
Shooting --- Club Or Public Range - Outdoor
Skating Rink - Outdoor
Skeet, Sporting Clays, Or Trapshooting Clubs Or
Public Ranges
Ski Tow Operation
Stadium Operation – Outdoor - By Contractor Or
Owner
Swim Club - Outdoor
Swimming Pool, Public Or Private - Outdoor
Tennis Club - Outdoor
Tennis Court, Public - Outdoor
Zoo
970 ATHLETIC TEAM - professional and semi-professional. This classification includes all players on the
employer’s salary list whether regularly played or not, coaches, managers, trainers or equipment
managers.
The entire remuneration of each player, coach or manager should be included in computing premium,
subject to a maximum of $60,000 per policy year. When a player, coach or manager works for two or
more teams in the same sport during the policy year, the maximum shall be pro-rated.
The remuneration of an individual player, coach or manager is subject to a minimum of $500 per policy
year, including board and lodging.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. Game staff (bench or dugout) providing water or equipment to the players.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 951 to separate scouting staff.
2. Assign Code 953 to separate clerical office staff.
3. Assign Code 969 to non-bench or non-dugout game staff, including but not necessarily limited to:
cheerleaders, dancers, mascots, persons mingling with the fans to rally support and/or distribute tshirts and persons videotaping fan reactions or the game when the sport is played in an outdoor
stadium.
4. Assign Code 971 to non-bench or non-dugout game staff, including but not necessarily limited to:
cheerleaders, dancers, mascots, persons mingling with fans to rally support and/or distribute free tshirts and persons videotaping fan reaction or the game when the sport is played in an indoor arena.
5. Assign Code 969 to separate staff operating/maintaining the outdoor stadium.
6. Assign Code 971 to separate staff operating/maintaining the indoor arena.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Athletic Team, Professional Or Semiprofessional
Athletics, Organized
Baseball Club
CLASSIFICATIONS
Football Player, Professional
--Semi-Professional Athletic Team
971 COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS
Applicable to owners, operators and/or contract management firms of buildings or properties used for
commercial or industrial occupancy (e.g., office buildings and strip malls). Includes the care, custody
and/or maintenance of the premises by the property owner, operator and/or management firm’s staff.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Janitorial contractors for commercial building cleaning and specialist commercial building cleaning
contractors pursuant to the Code 971 Underwriting Guide entries.
Separate staff of a homeowners’ association performing the maintenance of common grounds
(e.g., roads) and the operation and maintenance of recreational amenities (e.g., swimming pools,
tennis courts and/or clubhouses) and security.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 880 to employers principally engaged in operating apartment buildings, condominium
complexes or cooperative buildings used for residential occupancy.
Assign Code 882 to specialist contractors principally engaged in providing residential interior
cleaning services.
Assign Code 141 to contractors principally engaged in cleaning carpeting and/or upholstered
furniture on customers’ premises.
As provided for in this Manual, separately classify the following operations of a homeowners
association provided each operation is separately staffed: golf courses, stables, restaurants,
sewage plant or water works.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Arena Operation – Indoor – By Contractor Or
Owner
Building Cleaning---- - By Contractor Or Owner
Civic Center - Operation By Specialist Contractor
Cleaning Of Grease Exhaust, Air Conditioning,
Heating And Ventilating Ducts - By Specialist
Contractor
Cleaning, Sanitizing Or Deodorizing Restrooms By Contractor
Commercial Or Industrial Building Operation - By
Owner, Lessee Or Real Estate Management
Firm
Contractor For Commercial Building Cleaning
Duct Cleaning - Grease Exhaust, Air Conditioning,
Heating, Ventilating - By Specialist Contractor
Exterminator
Fire, Smoke And/Or Water Damage Clean-Up - By
Contractor
Flea Market Or Swap Meet Operators
Floor Waxing Or Polishing - By Building Owner,
Lessee, Management Agency Or Contractor
Fumigating - Not Agricultural - By Contractor
Janitor Service Contractor
Kitchen Equipment Exhaust Duct Cleaning - By
Specialist Contractor
Mobile Home Park - Operation Or Maintenance By
Contractor (Not Recreational Vehicle
Campground)
Post Construction Clean-Up - New Homes - By
Specialist Contractor
Power Washing Of Exterior Walls Or Decks At
Residential Or Commercial Sites – By Contractor
Storage - Self-Service
Sweeping Of Parking Lots - Shopping Areas And
Similar Areas, By Specialty Contractor
Swimming Pool Cleaning Or Maintenance - By
Specialty Contractor
Swimming Pool Liner Installation - Vinyl, By
Swimming Pool Maintenance Contractor
Termite Control - By Contractor
Warehouse - Storage - Self-Service
Window Cleaning Contractor
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CLASSIFICATIONS
972 ATTENDANT CARE SERVICES
Applicable to a provider or the separate staff of a provider providing attendant care services pursuant to
the Medicaid Waiver or Pennsylvania Attendant Care Act (Number 150 of 1986) that became effective July
1, 1987.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Separate staff performing home health care services shall be separately classified to either Code
942 or to Code 943 as provided in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Attendant Care Services
973 HOTEL - all employees except office, food service or beverage operations and slot machine gambling
staffs.
Please see the Hotel Or Motel Operations entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information section
for further information on the scope of this class.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bed and Breakfast
Golf Course Operated By Hotel
Motel
Religious Retreats
974 RETIREMENT OR LIFE CARE COMMUNITY – with less than 50% of beds Licensed as
Intermediate Care or Higher – all employees except office and home health care services.
LIFE CARE/RETIREMENT COMMUNITIES offer lifetime guarantees for housing and long term skilled
nursing care. These facilities provide independent living units, personal care units and intermediate skilled
care units at one site. The client pays a one-time entrance fee and subsequent monthly maintenance fees.
Clients enter through independent living units and as needed progress onto higher levels of care.
A Life Care or Retirement Community is a multiple tier facility meaning it has a mix of licensed beds and
unlicensed quarters such as apartments or cottages. These insureds are classified to either Code 960 or
to Code 974 dependent upon the counting procedure delineated below. Personal care, intermediate care
or skilled nursing beds shall be counted per bed. Apartments or cottages shall be counted per number of
units with each unit being the equivalent of a bed. Those with 50 percent or more beds licensed as
intermediate care or higher are assignable to Code 960. Those with less than 50 percent so licensed are
assignable to Code 974.
Such may be certified by the Insurance Department as a Life Care Community. When not certified, care is
purchased on an “as needed” basis.
There shall be no payroll division between Code 974 and Codes 960 and 979 at a single location/campus.
Types of Facilities to be included in the classification are:
Continuing Care Community, with less than 50 percent of beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
Life Care Community, with less than 50 percent of beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
Retirement Community, with less than 50 percent of beds licensed as intermediate care or higher
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
A facility operated by a religious organization for the purpose of providing health care services exclusively
to clergy or other persons in a religious profession who are members of the religious organization
operating the facility. These facilities are exempt by statute from the health care facility and personal
care home definitions and, hence, from the Departments of Health and Public Welfare regulations
respectively.
Payroll developed by separate staff(s) performing home health care services shall be separately
classified as provided in this Manual.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Life Care Community - With Less Than 50 Pct. Of Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
Retirement Community - With Less Than 50 Pct. Of Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
975 RESTAURANT, N.O.C. – all employees except office
Applicable to retail businesses principally engaged in preparing food(s) and selling the prepared food(s)
and beverages (alcoholic or nonalcoholic) to the public for immediate consumption on the businesses’
premises. This is a "traditional" restaurant where customers may either select their table or be seated by a
hostess or another of the businesses’ employees, browse a varied menu while seated at their table and
place their food order with a member of the wait staff who will then place the order with the kitchen staff.
The prepared food will be served to the customer by the wait staff who remains available to further assist
the customer during the course of the meal. Where wait service is provided it is the practice for customers
to give a gratuity to the wait staff person based upon the quality of service provided.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 944 to country or yacht clubs or golf courses.
Assign Code 945 to hotel restaurants.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Dinner Theater
Restaurant, N.O.C.
976 COMMUNITY CENTER – all employees including office
Applies to a YMCA, YWCA that follows the “traditional” YMCA, YWCA business model. A traditional
YMCA, YWCA will provide a range of recreational, informational and social services but is not principally
engaged in the operation of a camp, health or exercise club or after school program. The range of
programs and services provided by a traditional YMCA, YWCA include but are not necessarily limited to:
sports leagues, personal fitness services, pre-school and/or child day care, --- camping, employment
readiness and training programs, advice services, immigrant services and conference centers.
Also applies to a community center that is not principally engaged in the operation of a camp, health or
exercise club or after school program. A community center is a public location --- where members of a
community gather for group activities, social support, public information, and other purposes. Community
centers may be open to the entire community in which they are located or to a specific group within the
greater community.
Further applicable to a senior citizens center and an adult day care. A senior citizens center provides
programs and services to a clientele that is typically ages 55 and older. The focus of such centers is to
assist senior citizens in living active and engaged lives. Typical programs and services provided by a
senior citizens center may include but are not necessarily limited to: arts and crafts, social functions such
as dances, seminars and classes on a range of topics such as computer literacy, and field trips. An adult
day care provides non-residential custodial care for individuals typically 18 years and older who cannot
care for themselves due to age and/or illness.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1. A camp operated by ---any organization whose operations are assignable to Code 976.
2. Pre-school (child care or early education) or after school program services provided by ---any
organization whose operations are assignable to Code 976.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. Assign Code 884 to a YMCA, YWCA or Community Center that is principally engaged in the operation
of a health or exercise club.
2. Assign Code 891 to a YMCA, YWCA or Community Center that is principally engaged in the operation
of an after school program.
3. Assign Code 978 to a YMCA, YWCA that is principally engaged in the operation of a camp.
4. Assign Code 986 to a YMCA, YWCA that is principally engaged in the operation of a shelter or halfway
house.
5. Assign separate staff performing home health care services to Code 942 or Code 943 as provided in
this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Adult Day Center
Boys & Girls Club
Community Center
Day Center For The Elderly
Daycare - Mentally Disabled, No Residential Facility
Affiliation
Daycare Center Operated By A Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A.
Recreation Association, Commission or Authority
Senior Citizens Center
Youth Athletic League (Including Policy Athletic
League)
977 BARBER SHOP, BEAUTY PARLOR OR HAIR STYLING SALON
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Barber Shop
Beauty Shop
Day Spa Not Affiliated With A Health Club Or
Swimming Pool
Electrolysis
Hairdressing Shop
--Manicuring Shop
Massage Therapy Services
Tanning Salon
Tattoo Parlor
978 CAMPS, SUMMER OR WINTER, – all employees including office at camp locations.
Separate staff working exclusively at non-camp locations may be separately classified.
Executive Secretaries of Boy or Girl Scout Councils shall be assigned to Code 951.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boy Or Girl Scout Councils Camp Operations,
Including Clerical Workers At Camp Locations
Camp, Boy Or Girl Scout - Day, Summer Or Winter
Commercial Camp
Recreational Vehicle Campground
Scout Camp
Summer Camp
979 RESIDENTIAL FACILITY FOR THE ELDERLY – NON-MEDICAL – all employees except
office and home health care
Applicable to businesses providing custodial/personal care for residents who are ambulatory and where
facilities are non-medically oriented. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provides two definitions for
custodial care/personal care: (1) Care to maintain an individual not involving highly skilled rehabilitative or
nursing services; (2) Care to maintain an individual that can be given by a layman, i.e., food, shelter and
unskilled supervision.
Includes facilities licensed as personal care homes by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare
(DPW). Information published by DPW discloses a large percentage of personal care home residents are
over the age of 60. Such facility may also provide personal care service for individuals with physical disabilities, Alzheimer’s disease, senility or other cognitive dysfunctions.
There shall be no payroll division between Code 979 and Codes 960 and 974 at a single location/campus.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Also included are residential facilities for the elderly that offer their guests services including but not
necessarily limited to laundry, dietary (a common dining area), housekeeping (the insured's employees
will clean client living areas), recreation and/or related social programs. Typically these facilities have
beds licensed as personal care and unlicensed quarters (apartments or cottages) or have only unlicensed quarters (apartments or cottages).
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Payroll developed by separate staff(s) performing home health care services shall be separately
classified as provided in this Manual.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Personal Care Home
Residential Facility For The Elderly - Non Medical
CITIES AND TOWNS
980 CITY, TOWNSHIP, Borough or County.
For political subdivisions of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Assign Code 884 to Health Clubs.
Assign Code 887 to Museums.
Assign Code 890 to separately located and staffed Public Libraries. Separately located may be a
separate building or in an area of the municipal building separated from the other operations by floorto-ceiling partitions.
Assign Code 944 to Golf Courses.
Assign Code 951 to Inspectors
Assign Code 953 to Clerical Office.
Assign Code 982 to Workfare Program Employees.
Assign Code 983 to Housing Authorities.
Assign Code 985 to Auxiliary Police, Salaried Police Officers or Firefighters.
Assign Code 985 to all staff at a correction facility excepting only separate staff whose job duties fulfill
the definition of either Code 951 or Code 953 as delineated in Section 1, Rule IV, B. 2. a., b. or c. of
this Manual.
Assign Code 993 to Volunteer Ambulance Corps.
Assign Code 994 to Volunteer Fire Companies.
Assign Code 996 to Volunteer Hazardous Materials Response Teams.
Assign the applicable nursing home classification to nursing homes.
Assign the applicable field-of-business classification to municipal authorities based upon each
authority’s principal operation (e.g., Code 753 to a sewage disposal plant authority).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Borough Employees, N.O.C.
City Emp. Except Sewer Const., Sal. Policemen &
Firemen, Vol. Firemen, Aux. Police, Workfare
Emp., Clerical Office
City Employees, N.O.C.
County Employees, N.O.C.
County Road Districts
Forest Ranger - Not State Employees
Garbage Works - Reduction Or Incineration Municipal
Meter Maid - Employed By A Municipality
Municipal Or County Employees, N.O.C.
Road Maintenance By Municipal Employees
School Crossing Guard
Sewage Disposal Plant, Municipal
Town Employees, N.O.C.
Township Employees, N.O.C.
Water Supply System - Operated By A Municipality
981 CASINO GAMBLING - all employees including office.
Includes all personnel of the licensed casino gambling facility.
A licensed casino facility is defined to include the gaming floor, all restricted areas servicing casino
operations, and food, beverage and retail outlets, and other areas serving the gaming floor which are
located on or are directly accessible from and adjacent to the gaming floor or the restricted areas servicing
casino operations.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
As provided for in this Manual separately classify:
1. Areas or amenities exclusive to horse racing including pari-mutuel wagering.
2. Hotel operations.
3. Retail merchandise facilities, food and beverage outlets and other amenities or activities not located
on or adjacent to the gaming floor, or related to slot machine gambling operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Casino Gambling
982 WORKFARE PROGRAM EMPLOYEES
The Public Welfare Code as amended establishes the Workfare Program which applies (and this
classification) to employable recipients of public assistance who have been delegated by the Department
of Public Welfare to perform work for public or non-profit private agencies or for-profit temporary help firms
for temporary placement with private, nonprofit or for-profit employers under Workfare projects.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Workfare Program Employees
983 HOUSING AUTHORITY
An on-site property or project manager’s job duties may include but are not necessarily limited to:
performing maintenance and repair work, informing approved housing applicants of program requirements
(e.g., keeping their unit clean, payment of rent in a timely manner), handling tenant complaints, inspecting
each occupied unit once a year, inspecting vacant units for damage, checking the property‘s or project’s
general grounds (e.g., exit lights, fire equipment readiness, gutter condition), coordinating maintenance
and repair activities, assisting tenants to secure financial aid, medical care and other social services
provided by unrelated organizations, and coordinating and participating in tenant evictions (e.g., appearing
in court). Assign Code 983 to an on-site property or project manager so engaged. Code 983 shall also
apply to a resident manager so engaged.
An on-site property or project manager who does not perform any maintenance or repair work and who
also performs no direct supervision of the maintenance staff may be assigned to Code 951.
An on-site property or project manager’s job title may be that of “housing administrator” or “assistant
housing administrator.”
Housing units owned and operated by a housing authority may be denoted as but are not necessarily
limited to: a property, a project, a development or a community.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Separately rate to the applicable construction classification(s) new construction, alterations or
demolition as provided in this Manual.
Assign Code 982 to Workfare Program Employees.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Housing Authority
984 INSURANCE COMPANY – all employees including office
A business chartered under state law that undertakes to indemnify for losses pursuant to a written contract
of insurance and to perform other insurance related operations. Such business is also licensed by the
Pennsylvania Insurance Department as an insurance company.
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 115
CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
As provided for in this Manual, separately classify any contractor providing a service(s) to an insurance
company. Such businesses may include but are not necessarily limited to the types of businesses listed
below:
1. Independent insurance agents
2. Consulting actuarial firms
3. Advisory rating organizations
4. Independent auditing firms
5. Independent claim adjusting firms
6. Third party claims administrators
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Adjuster, Insurance Company
Auditor (Insurance Company), Traveling
Inspection Of Mercantile, Mfg. Or Risks For
Insurance Or Valuation Purposes - By Insurance
Company
Insurance Company
Traveling Insurance Company Auditor
985 POLICE OR FIREFIGHTERS, SALARIED Employees of Cities, Townships, Boroughs or
Counties
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Auxiliary police or special school police appointed by municipalities or townships. For such
personnel, premium shall be based upon the actual remuneration subject to a minimum payroll of
$---4,600 per year for each employee performing services at any time during the year.
Private contractors hired to operate a correctional facility or who operate a private correction facility
or who provide security services and security personnel serving in the capacity of correction
officers in a correction facility.
All staff at a correction facility, excepting only separate staff whose job duties fulfill the definition of
either Code 951 or Code 953 as delineated in Section 1, Rule IV B. 2. a., b., or c. of this Manual.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 980 to employees exclusively engaged as school crossing guards.
HEART & LUNG ACT (Act 193, P.L. 477. Approved June 28, 1935, As Amended)
This Act provides a special form of workers' compensation benefit to professional police officers and
firefighters injured on the job. The compensation under the Act is provided only to the aforementioned
employees when the work related injury is temporary but totally disabling. Typical injuries covered by the
Act are sprains and strains, back and knee injuries and broken bones. Police officers and firefighters
typically recover from these kinds of injuries, so they are temporary. However, during the recovery
process, the employees tend to be unable to perform their jobs.
Heart & Lung Act compensation provides the employee 100 percent of his/her straight-time pay, while
maintaining all benefits. The injured employee is also entitled to the benefit of any pay raises that occur
during the period of his/her disability. The Pennsylvania Workers' Act provides for payment of two-thirds
of the employee's salary at the time of injury.
Exclude from the payroll audit remuneration paid under the Heart & Lung Act subject to verification of
appropriate supporting documentation by the auditor.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Reasons for excluding such remuneration:
• Such compensation is considered workers' compensation payment, which is not construed to be
remuneration.
• Remuneration paid under the Heart & Lung Act is a benefit prescribed by law, i.e., municipal
employers had no choice but to grant this remuneration. As such, these payments should be treated
as a benefit provided by the employer and not treated as remuneration. In contrast, regular sick pay
is voluntarily provided to employees as wages earned for services rendered and is, therefore,
included as remuneration.
• While sick pay is included as salary for income taxation, payments under the Heart & Lung Act are
excluded for income tax purposes.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Auxiliary Police
Correctional Institution Guards (Not State
Employees)
Fire Department - Paid
Fire Patrol Or Protective Corp. - Independent - Paid
Firemen - Not Volunteer
Guards At Corr. Institutions, House Of Corr.,
Prisons Or Prison Farms - Not State Employees
House Of Correction Guards (Not State
Employees)
Police - Auxiliary
Police Deputies
Police, Special School Police
Policemen And Detectives
Prison Farm Guards (Not State Employees)
Prison Guards (Not State Employees)
Sheriff And Sheriff's Deputies
986 SHELTER OR HALFWAY HOUSE – RESIDENTIAL – NON-MEDICAL – all employees
including office
Applicable to shelters for the homeless, victims of domestic abuse or unwed mothers or to halfway houses
for prison release programs or drug and alcohol residential facilities not otherwise classified. Such are
short term non-medical residential facilities providing in a non-institutional environment counseling and
training in daily living skills aimed at reintegrating residents into the community. Services provided to
clients may also include but are not necessarily limited to: counseling for specific client needs, advocacy
services, job training, child care and help in seeking services available to the clients in the community. All
provided services and the insured’s administrative staff (regardless of location) are included within the
scope of this class.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
Facilities providing non-medical residential care such as community Residential Rehabilitation Services
(CRRS) for mentally ill clients, group homes not licensed as intermediate care facilities for developmentally disabled clients having eight or fewer clients per facility or children and youth residential services
shall be assigned to Code 941.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Alcohol/Drug - Halfway House - Not Licensed As An
Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility
Halfway House - Pre-Parole Or Probation
Home For Unwed Mothers - No Medical Services
Maternity Home - No Medical Services
Shelter For The Homeless
Shelters For Victims Of Domestic Abuse
987 CHECK CASHING SERVICES – all employees including office
Applicable to establishments principally engaged in check cashing for a fee. Such risks may also provide
money orders, wire transfers, lottery tickets, transit passes/tokens or postage stamps to their customers,
each for a separate fee.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Check Cashing Service
Foreign Currency Exchange
988 BANK – all employees including office
Applicable to “brick and mortar” and online businesses whose operations must include the deposit and
holding of money in the form of checking/savings accounts or certificates of deposit. In addition these --businesses may also provide credit extensions, commercial/consumer loans or mortgages.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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CLASSIFICATIONS
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
The operation of trusts, repossessed or other business properties away from the bank premises.
Financial agencies engaged solely in providing home equity loans, debt consolidation, or mortgage
services who do not receive money deposits and/or provide interest bearing accounts to their
borrowers.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Bank
Credit Union
Cyber Bank
Savings And Loan
992 SANITATION COMPANY
For establishments engaged in the cleaning of septic tanks, cesspools or chemical portable toilets.
Rubbish or garbage removal performed by a separate staff shall be assigned to Code 995.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cesspool Cleaning, By Contractor
Portable Toilet Leasing/Servicing
Sanitary Company (Septic Tank, Cesspool Or Chemical Portable Toilet Cleaning)
Septic Tank Cleaner
993 VOLUNTEER AMBULANCE CORPS
The per Corps (Company) charge shall be applied on a per location basis, regardless of the number of
ambulances garaged at each location.
Any stipends paid to a member(s) of a volunteer ambulance corps should be considered remuneration
except to the extent that stipends paid qualify as expense reimbursements (See Section 1, Rule V, Item
F.1. - Employee Expense Reimbursements).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ambulance Corps - Volunteer
Volunteer Ambulance Corps
994 Firefighter – VOLUNTEER FIRE COMPANY
Please see the Volunteer Fire Departments and/or Volunteer Fire Companies – Workers’ Compensation
Insurance Options entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information section for further information.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Fire Department - Volunteer
Fire Police - Special Voluntary
Firemen - Volunteer
Police, Special Fire - Voluntary
Volunteer Fire Company
995 RUBBISH OR GARBAGE REMOVAL
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
Code 995 also includes but is not necessarily limited to businesses performing:
1. Environmental cleanup services
2. Sewer or water main cleaning by hydraulic method
3. Street sweeping
4. Cleaning of permanently-sited tanks including the bulk storage type
5. Debris box rental/service or dumpster rental/service
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 862 to the collection and sorting of recyclables (e.g., newspapers, beverage cans, glass
or plastic bottles) by separate collection and sorting staff(s) with the sorting taking place in a
physically-separate work area.
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
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EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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CLASSIFICATIONS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ash Collecting
Cleaning Permanently-Sited Tanks Or Railroad
Tank Cars – By Contractor
Containerized Trash Removal
Debris Box Rental/Service
Dumpster Rental/Service
Environmental Cleanup Services
Flood Debris Cleanup (Except Building Demolition)
- By Contractor
Garbage Or Rubbish Removal
Garbage Works - Reduction Or Incineration Private
Landfill Operations By A Rubbish Or Garbage
Removal Contractor
Oil Spill Cleanup
Pipe Cleaning - Interiors Of Sewer Or Water Mains
By Hydraulic Method
Railroad Tank Car Cleaning – By Contractor
Rubbish Or Garbage Removal
Sewer Cleaning - Interiors Of Sewer Or Water
Mains By Hydraulic Method
Street Sweeping - By Contractor
Tank Cleaning – Permanently Sited - Including Bulk
Storage Type By Contractor
Trash Dumpster/Debris Box Rental/Service
Trash Removal Including Containerized
Waste Removal - Industrial And/Or Domestic
Water Main Cleaning (Interiors Of) By Hydraulic
Method
996 VOLUNTEER HAZardous MATerials Response TEAM
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Haz Mat (Hazardous Materials) Response Team - Volunteer
Volunteer Haz Mat (Hazardous Materials) Response Team
CEMETERIES AND UNDERTAKERS
997 UNDERTAKERS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Crematory Operation
Funeral Director
Undertaker
999 CEMETERY
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Cemetery Operation
Cemetery, Opening Graves, Removing And Reinterring Remains
AGRICULTURE
Agriculture, the art or science of cultivating the ground, includes not only farming but also horticulture – the
cultivation of a garden or orchard, the art of growing fruits, vegetables or ornamental plants – and the breeding,
raising and care of livestock for sale or for dairying purposes. Agriculture includes the marketing and
transportation of these products by the farmer.
Code 917 may also be assigned when a retail store is operated by a separate crew of employees with no interchange of labor with the employer’s other operations and when separate payroll records are kept.
FARMS
0006 FIELD CROP or VEGETABLE FARM – the raising of all field crops or vegetables or general farms
which carry on a variety of operations
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 113 to separately-staffed food processing operations.
Assign the appropriate inside domestic workers classification to inside domestic workers.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Farm, Crop
Farm, Field Crop
Farm, Grain
Farm, N.O.C.
Farm, Tobacco
CLASSIFICATIONS
Farm, Vegetable
Grain Farm
Tobacco Farm
Vegetable Farm
0008 MUSHROOM RAISING
Applies to businesses principally engaged in raising mushrooms, including the incident production of hay
or other materials for compost.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 007 to a contractor performing one or more of the following tasks: filling mushroom beds
with compost, spawning or casing.
Assign Code 113 to separately-staffed mushroom canning operations.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Farm, Mushroom
Mushroom Raising
Mushroom Spawn Production
0011 FLOWER RAISING
Applicable only to businesses raising flowers in fields or under glass to be marketed on a commercial basis
as cut flowers or living plants.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 919 to separate staff in a physically-separate store or outlet at the same or contiguous
location to the flower raising.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Flower Raising
Greenhouse, Flower Or Vegetable Growing
Hot House, Vegetable Growing
Hydroponic Vegetable Production
Vegetable Growing, Hot House
0013 NURSERY
Applicable to businesses principally engaged in raising trees (including Christmas trees), shrubs, plants or
sod farms.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Christmas Tree Planting, Cultivating And Harvesting
Farm, Tree
Sod Farm
0016 ORCHARD – the raising of fruit or nut trees or of berries or grapes.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 113 to separately-staffed wine, apple juice, or similar products manufacturing.
Assign inside domestic workers to the appropriate inside domestic workers classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Berry Or Fruit Farm
Cranberry Grower
Farm, Berry
Farm, Fruit
Farm, Vineyard
Fruit Farm
Fruit Packing, By Grower
Fruit Picking
Orchard Or Fruit Farm
Orchard Or Vineyard
Vineyard Or Orchard
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CLASSIFICATIONS
0034 ANIMAL RAISING – egg production, fish hatcheries, hogs, poultry or calf raising for veal.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Assign Code 0170 to farms raising fur-bearing animals.
Assign Code 111 to separately-staffed hog or calf dressing operations.
Assign Code 865 to separately-staffed poultry dressing operations.
Assign inside domestic workers to the appropriate inside domestic workers classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Animal Raising - Egg Production, Fish Hatcheries,
Hogs, Poultry Or Veal
Calf Raising For Veal
Farm, Chicken
Farm, Egg Producer
Farm, Fish
Farm, Poultry
Fish Grower
Fish Hatchery
Hatchery - Poultry
Hog Farm
Ostrich Farm
Piggery
Poultry Or Egg Producer
Veal Calf Raising
0036 DAIRY FARM – Farms engaged in the production of milk and other dairy products.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 109 to separately-staffed milk plant processing operations.
Assign inside domestic workers to the appropriate inside domestic workers classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Dairy Farm
Farm, Dairy
Milk Producer - Fluid Only
0083 LIVESTOCK (excluding dairy or horse) FARM – includes but is not necessarily limited to the raising of
cattle, sheep or goats in fields/pastures
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign inside domestic workers to the appropriate inside domestic workers classification.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Breeding Farm - Cattle, Sheep Or Goats
Cattle Farm
Farm, Livestock
Goat Farm
Livestock (Excluding Dairy Or Horses) Farm Animal Raising In Fields/Pastures
Sheepmen
0170 FUR BEARING ANIMAL FARMS – includes grading, sorting and packing
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Chinchilla Farm
Fur Bearing Animal Raising
Mink Farm
MEMBERS OF RELIGIOUS ORDERS
“Members of Religious Orders” as used in this Manual shall mean those individuals who are members of a
religious denomination and who have taken the vow of poverty. Such individuals may be assigned to perform
duties in churches, hospitals, schools or other institutions. The term “Members of Religious Orders – Occasional,”
as used in the Manual shall mean those individuals, as defined above, who perform services for a period of less
than six months during the policy period.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
0901 MEMBERS OF RELIGIOUS ORDERS
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Members Of Religious Orders
0902 MEMBERS OF RELIGIOUS ORDERS – OCCASIONAL
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Members Of Religious Orders - Occasional
DOMESTIC WORKERS
0908 DOMESTIC WORKERS - INSIDE – OCCASIONAL.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Domestic Workers - Inside - Occasional
0909 DOMESTIC WORKERS - OUTSIDE – OCCASIONAL – including occasional private
chauffeurs
(Codes 0912 and 0909 are not available for use in connection with the operation of a farm.)
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Domestic Workers - Outside - Occasional - Including Occasional Private Chauffeurs
0912 DOMESTIC WORKERS - OUTSIDE – including private chauffeurs
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Chauffeurs, Private - Not Available For Use With Any Farm Class
Domestic Workers - Outside - Including Private Chauffeurs
0913 DOMESTIC WORKERS - INSIDE, excluding office employees
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Domestic Workers - Inside, Excluding Office Employees
EXPLOSIVES AND AMMUNITION MFG.
4771 EXPLOSIVES Or Ammunition MFG., N.O.C.
Includes but is not necessarily limited to: bag loading - propellant charges, black powder mfg., cap, primer,
fuse, booster or detonator assembly, cartridge charging or loading, fireworks mfg., high explosives mfg.,
projectile, bomb, mine or grenade loading, projectile or shell mfg., shell case loading or smokeless powder
mfg. – single base.
Code 0771 must be applied to Code 4771 payroll to determine the mandatory catastrophe reserve which
is not subject to experience or retrospective rating.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 4777 to businesses or separately located and staffed facilities principally engaged in
the preparation and/or distribution of blasting agents and/or distribution of high explosives.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ammunition Mfg.
Bag Loading, Explosives
Black Powder Mfg.
Blasting Cap Mfg.
Cartridge Charging Or Loading
Cordite Mfg.
Dynamite Mfg.
Explosives Or Ammunition Mfg., N.O.C.
CLASSIFICATIONS
Fireworks Mfg.
Flare Mfg.
Fuse Mfg., Explosive
High Explosives Mfg.
Nitroglycerin Mfg.
Projectile Loading
Shell Case Loading
Smokeless Powder Mfg.
4777 EXPLOSIVES DISTRIBUTOR
Includes the preparation and/or distribution of blasting agents and/or the distribution of high explosives
and/or the distribution or exhibition of fireworks.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
Assign Code 609 to blasting operations conducted by a separate crew.
Assign Code 4771 to explosives manufacturing.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Anfo Mfg.
Blasting Agents Mfg.
Fireworks Distributor And/Or Exhibitor
Slurry Blasting Agents Mfg.
MARITIME or FEDERAL EMPLOYMENTS
(1)
Liability under the U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act.
(a) To provide insurance against liability under the U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation
Act, the Standard Workmen’s Compensation and Employers’ Liability Policy shall be used with
endorsement providing for coverage under such Act (See Section 3).
(b) The rates for the following classifications have been calculated to provide coverage under the U.S.
Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act:
STEVEDORING:
Any or all of the following operations conducted by employees not members of the crews of vessels shall be
classified as “Stevedoring”:
1.
Loading or unloading, stowing, shifting or trimming of cargo, supplies and materials on board vessel.
2.
Transfer of cargo, supplies and materials between vessels and pier, irrespective of the necessity of work on
board vessels by employees of the insured.
3.
Transfer between stringpiece and point of deposit on dock or adjacent warehouses – including tiering,
sorting and breaking down.
4.
Operation of all mechanical equipment, including dock tractors, in connection with the above.
Any or all operations as defined above shall be assigned to Code 7309F if the operations described by Item
2 above, whether conducted by one or more concerns, require the use of hoisting equipment except as
provided under Code 7327F. All other operations shall be assigned to Code 7317F. Drivers not conducting
Stevedoring operations as defined above shall be assigned to Code 811.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
6824F BOAT BUILDING OR REPAIR
This classification is applicable to the construction or repair of wood, metal, fiberglass or plastic yachts, motor
boats, sailboats or rowboats not exceeding 150’ in length overall where the coverage is under the U.S. Act.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Boat Building Or Repair
6826F MARINA
Applicable to all waterfront operations, including but not necessarily limited to: the operation of boat docks,
storage facilities, repair shops or marine railways, the sale or repair of boats or engines, the sale of parts or
accessories, dockside snack bars and all dockside employees. The operation of separately-staffed inland
boat showrooms or the operation of separately-staffed motels, restaurants, swimming pools, bowling lanes or
other recreational facilities shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
Separate staff engaged in boat building are assignable to Code 6824F.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Marina - With Federal Coverage
6843F SHIP BUILDING, IRON OR STEEL
Includes fabrication or assembling of ship plates or frames, all yard operations and shops directly connected
with the construction of hull.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Ship Building, Iron Or Steel Including Naval
6872F SHIP REPAIR OR CONVERSION – ALL OPERATIONS
Includes shop or yard operations as well as the operation of dry docks and marine railways. Applicable only
to concerns engaged in general ship repair or conversion. Work performed on ships by other concerns shall
be assigned to the Manual classes describing the work. See special rules for application of U.S.L. factor to
State classification. (See Rule XII).
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Dry Dock Operation
Marine Railway Operator
Painting Ship Hulls
Rigging, Ship
Ship Cleaning
Ship Repair
Ship Scaling
7309F STEVEDORING, N.O.C.
When policies are issued covering both Codes 7317F and 7309F, no division of payroll shall be permitted in
connection with the loading or unloading of any one vessel.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Stevedoring, N.O.C.
7313F COAL DOCK OPERATION AND STEVEDORING
Applies to coal docks using mechanical apparatus. Not applicable to contract stevedores or coal merchants
operating yards.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Oil Or Coal Dock Operation - Waterfront
Ore Dock Operation
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CLASSIFICATIONS
7317F STEVEDORING – BY HAND OR HAND TRUCK EXCLUSIVELY
Includes incidental use of power-driven escalators or conveyors or operation of tractors or trailers through
side ports. No use of hoisting equipment. No payroll division in connection with a single vessel.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Automobile Haulaway Or Driveaway Service, Driving Cars On Or Off Vessels
Stevedoring, By Hand Or Hand Truck Exclusively
7327F STEVEDORING – CONTAINERIZED FREIGHT
Applies to ships designed for freight carrying containers. No work in holds. Separately staffed over-the-road
trucking operations shall be assigned to Code 811. No payroll division with a single vessel.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Containers, Stevedoring
Stevedoring Containers
7366F FREIGHT HANDLERS – On piers or in terminals in areas adjoining piers
Applies to handling cargo on piers or adjoining areas or terminals, incident to loading or unloading vessels.
Such cargo handling includes but is not necessarily limited to: freight checks, stuffing and/or stripping
containers, loading and/or unloading trucks and/or railroad cars.
Freight handling not on piers or in terminals in areas adjoining piers (Stevedoring) conducted by a separate
staff shall be assigned in accordance with the class or classes appropriate to the business of the employer.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Freight Handling On Piers Or Terminals Or Adjoining Piers
8709F STEVEDORING – TALLYMEN AND CHECKING CLERKS
Engaged in connection with stevedoring work. Coverage under U.S. Act.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Stevedoring Tallymen
Weighers, Samplers Or Inspectors Of Merchandise On Vessels Or Docks
8726F STEAMSHIP LINE OR AGENCY – PORT EMPLOYEES
This classification includes superintendents, captains, engineers, stewards or their assistants and pay clerks.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Steamship Lines Port Employees
(2)
Other Maritime or Federal Employments.
Maritime or Federal employments other than the U.S. Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (and
Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act), do not come under the provisions of Sections 651-655, Act 283, Laws
of 1921. Accordingly, the Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner states he does not have jurisdiction over the
coverage, rules and rates for these other Maritime and Federal employments. In compliance with Federal AntiTrust laws the Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau cannot promulgate rates for these coverages.
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(3)
CLASSIFICATIONS
Dredging Operations.
The rating value published in the Pennsylvania Workers Compensation Manual for Code 055 (for dredging of
materials on non-navigable waterways), Dredging, contemplates coverage under the State Act only. If coverage
is desired under the U.S.L. Act, the Federal increase factor shown in Section 2 shall be applied. A single policy
may be issued including Pennsylvania Act coverage, U.S.L. coverage and Admiralty coverage providing the
classification of operations in the policy declarations is subdivided to clearly indicate the classes and rating
values for Dredging operations subject to:
(a)
(b)
The Pennsylvania Act alone or including U.S.L. Act coverage and
Admiralty jurisdiction.
In lieu of a single policy, two separate policies may be issued as follows:
(a)
(b)
A standard Pennsylvania policy using rates approved by the Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner,
applicable to Pennsylvania coverage only, or to Pennsylvania and U.S.L. coverage. Such policy shall be
endorsed to exclude Admiralty coverage.
An Admiralty policy.
AIRCRAFT OPERATION
The classifications described under this class group apply to fixed wing and other aircraft. The phrase “members
of the flying crew” is defined to mean all flying personnel engaged in the operation of aircraft or the care of
passengers or cargo in flight. It includes, but is not limited to employees designated as airplane commanders,
pilots, check pilots, co-pilots, flight engineers, navigators, technical or other observers, flight technicians, radio or
radar operators, hosts, hostesses, stewards, stewardesses and pursers.
Ticket sellers and information clerks away from airport locations shall be separately classified by Code 953.
Ticket sellers, information clerks and personnel engaged in performing the checking-in of passengers and
baggage at airport locations shall be assigned to Code 7428.
When noted, an aircraft operations classification allows use of an associated classification for designation of a
mandatory nonrateable catastrophe reserve.
7405
AIRCRAFT OPERATION – scheduled and supplemental air carriers - all members of the flying crew.
This classification shall apply to scheduled or commercial air carriers, including cargo carriers, operating
under Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.
Code 7445 must be applied to Code 7405 payroll to determine the catastrophe reserve that is not subject to
experience or retrospective rating.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Operation - Air Cargo Carrier
Aircraft Operation - Scheduled Air Carrier
Aircraft Operation - Supplemental Air Carrier
7413
AIRCRAFT OPERATION – commuter air carriers – all members of flying crew
This classification shall apply to commuter air carriers who operate under Part 135 of the Federal Aviation
Regulations, conduct at least five round trips per week between two or more points, and publish flight
schedules that specify the times and places between which flights are performed.
Code 7453 must be applied to Code 7413 payroll to determine the catastrophe reserve that is not subject to
experience or retrospective rating.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Operation - Commuter Air Carrier
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7421
CLASSIFICATIONS
AIRCRAFT OPERATION – transportation of personnel in the business of an employer not otherwise
engaged in aircraft operations – all members of the flying crew
Applicable to the payroll of the pilot and all members of the flying crew. In the case of aircraft owned or
operated by an employer in the conduct of his business, this classification shall apply to the payroll of
executive officers or other employees acting as pilots or members of the flying crew. If the records of the
employer clearly indicate the weeks in which flying is performed by such employees, (1) only the payroll for
each week during any part of which the employee has engaged in flight duties shall be assigned to Code
7421 unless the classification applicable to the employee’s non-flying operations carries a higher insuring
carrier rating value in which event such classification shall apply and (2) the payroll for each week in which
no flying has been done shall be assigned to those classifications which would otherwise apply. If the
employer’s records do not clearly indicate the weeks in which flying is performed by such employees, the
entire payroll for such employees shall be assigned to Code 7421 unless the classification applicable to the
employee’s non-flying operations has a higher insuring carrier rating value in which event such classification
shall apply.
Commercial aircraft operation to be separately rated.
A per passenger seat surcharge, subject to a maximum surcharge of ten seats per aircraft, shall be charged
in addition to the premium otherwise determined under this classification. These surcharges shall not be
cumulative in the event of substitution of aircraft during the policy period; but these surcharges shall be
cumulative in the event more than one aircraft is owned or operated during the same policy period. These
surcharges shall not be subject to pro rate or short rate adjustment except in the event of cancellation of the
policy. These surcharges and losses to employees, other than members of flying crew, arising out of the
operation of an aircraft, are to be reported under Code 9108. Attach Endorsement WC 00 04 01A.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Operation - Personnel Transport
7424
AIRCRAFT OPERATION, N.O.C – including but not necessarily limited to air taxi, patrol, photography,
mapping, skywriting advertising, survey work, sightseeing, student instruction, crop dusting or spraying or
flight testing – all members of the flying crew.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aerial Patrol Or Photography
Aircraft Flight Testing
Aircraft Operation - Agricultural
Aircraft Operation - Air Taxi
Aircraft Operation - Crop Dusting, Seeding Or Spraying
Aircraft Operation - Forest Fire Fighting, Spotting And
Observation
Aircraft Operation - Mapping Or Survey Work
Aircraft Operation - Patrol
Aircraft Operation - Photography
Aircraft Operation - Sightseeing
7428
Aircraft Operation - Skywriting Advertising
Aircraft Operation - Stunt Flying
Aircraft Operation, N.O.C.
Aircraft Sales Agency - Flight Operations
Helicopter Operation, N.O.C.
Hot Air Ballooning
Photographer - Aerial
School, Aircraft, Flight Employees
Stunt Flying
AIRPORT OPERATION – ground employees
Ticket sellers or information clerks away from airport locations shall be separately classified by Code 953.
Ticket sellers, information clerks or personnel engaged in performing the checking-in of passengers or
baggage at airport locations shall be assigned to Code 7428.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Cleaning - Including Specialist Contractor
Aircraft Fueling Or Refueling - Including By Specialist
Contractor
Aircraft Operation - Ground Employees
Aircraft --- Conversion Or Modification - Not By The
Original Aircraft Manufacturer
Aircraft Service And Repair
Airport Hangar Operation
Airport Operation - Groundmen
Flying Field
Ground Personnel - Aircraft And/Or Airport
Operations
Hangar Operation
Heliport Operation - Ground Personnel
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9108
CLASSIFICATIONS
AIRCRAFT Passenger Seat Surcharge
The maximum surcharge is ten seats per aircraft. For details see Code 7421, Aircraft Operations,
Transportation of Personnel for Business. Premium developed under Code 9108 is not subject to experience
or retrospective rating.
UNDERWRITING GUIDE
Aircraft Seat Surcharge
9740
Terrorism
Statistical Code 9740 relates to premium charged for losses covered under the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act
of 2002 as amended, and extended by the Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2007.
Premium developed under Code 9740 is not subject to premium discount, experience rating, merit rating,
schedule rating or retrospective rating.
9741
Catastrophe (other than Certified Acts of Terrorism)
Premium developed under Code 9741 is not subject to premium discount, experience rating, merit rating,
schedule rating or retrospective rating.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
INDEX
GENERAL AUDITING & CLASSIFICATION INFORMATION
Automobile Dismantlers
Automobile Service/Gasoline Station
Bakery Products Distribution
Ceramic Shops
Classification and Test Audit Inquiries
Clearing Of Land
Commission Salespersons
Computer And/Or Software Consulting Businesses
Drivers
Employment Contractor - Temporary Staffing
Executive Officers - Classification Assignment
Executive Supervisors - Construction Or Erection - 951
Frozen Or Frosted Food Products Mfg.
Home Health Care Services
Homeowners’ Association
Hotel Or Motel Operations
Independent Contractor, Owner/Operator Or Employee
Limousine Operation
Manufactured (Mobile) Home Vs. Modular Home
Minimum Wage Procedure
Nursing Home, Personal Care Home and Residential Care Facility Classification Guideline
Per Diems
Prefabricated Metal Building Erection – Prefabricated Sheet Metal and Silo Erection - Metal
Prevailing Wage Payments
Product Assembly Definition
Property Management Firms
Regular and Frequent
Retail Store With Manufacturing Concern
Self-Service Gasoline Stations And Convenience Grocers
Shop Repair Operations
Ski Resorts
Snow Plowing and/or Removal
Truck Stops
Volunteer Fire Departments And/Or Volunteer Fire Companies - Workers’ Compensation Insurance Options
Wholesale/Retail Mail Order House Or Internet Sales - Definitions
Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project
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CLASSIFICATIONS
GENERAL AUDITING & CLASSIFICATION INFORMATION
AUTOMOBILE DISMANTLERS
A business whose operations include the dismantling of automobiles or other types of vehicles to recover
usable/salable used parts shall be classified pursuant to the manner in which the employer is principally
engaged. Please see the “Definitions” Ruling and Interpretation for additional information on principally engaged.
Below find examples of reasonably common classification assignments for such businesses:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Assign Code 815 to businesses principally engaged in dismantling automobiles or other vehicles to
recover usable/salable used parts and the sale of such and new parts.
Assign Code 815 to businesses principally engaged in performing automobile repairs (e.g.,
mechanical or body).
Assign Code 818 to businesses principally engaged in the sale of new and/or used automobiles or
other vehicles (e.g., trucks, motorcycles).
Assign Code 858 to businesses principally engaged in the collection, handling and sale of ferrous
scrap metal.
Assign Code 859 to businesses principally engaged in the collection, handling and sale of
nonferrous scrap metal.
Assign Code 860 to businesses dismantling automobiles or other vehicles and collecting and
handling a combination of ferrous and/or nonferrous scrap metal and/or other secondhand
commodities (e.g., paper, glass) with no principal line of merchandise.
Assign Code 934 to businesses principally engaged in the sale of new and/or used automobile
parts. There may be a payroll division with Code 815 when such businesses also provide
automobile repair services or dismantle automobiles when the following conditions are fulfilled: the
automobile repair services or automobile dismantling is conducted in a physically separate work
area by separate employee crews and the majority of the automobile parts are sold to
unrelated customers and are neither installed or used by the business for repair services.
Assign Code 825 to businesses principally engaged in the storage of automobiles (e.g., an
impound lot) or in the parking of customers’ automobiles.
AUTOMOBILE SERVICE/GASOLINE STATION
It is common for automobile service stations or gasoline stations to be engaged in both the sale of gasoline and
the performance of automobile service or repair. When both operations are conducted at the same or
contiguous location, such establishment shall be classified on the basis of the principal operation:
When more than 50 percent of the gross receipts result from automobile service or repair, assign Code 815,
Automobile Service Center.
When more than 50 percent of the gross receipts are from gasoline sales, assign Code 816, Automobile Filling
Station.
An assignment of Code 815 or Code 816 is mutually exclusive for operations conducted at the same or
contiguous location.
Please refer to the separate entries in the General Auditing & Classification Information section “Self-Service
Gasoline Stations and Convenience Grocers" and “Truck Stops” for information on classifying such enterprises.
BAKERY PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTION
Payroll developed in the wholesale distribution of bakery products, including but not necessarily limited to bread,
cakes, pies, cookies or crackers by a baker whose production facilities are located in another state or by an
independent business (not related to a bakery) must be assigned to Code 924.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
CERAMIC SHOPS
The operations contemplated by the term “ceramic shops” are manual with little or no mechanization. The major
material is a liquid clay known as slip. After mixing, the clay is poured or pumped into plaster of paris or rubber
molds. When dry, the clay is now called greenware (an unfired shape or figurine) which is manually trimmed,
inventoried or shelved for further hardening and curing, then sold to customers. Retail customers often paint or
finish the greenware and return it to the shop for firing. A ceramic shop will often hold classes for students who
will perform all of the above functions except for the firing. The ceramic shop may also sell paints, artist-type
brushes, decals and ceramic hand tools.
Payroll developed in operations as discussed above shall be assigned to Code 928 .
CLASSIFICATION AND TEST AUDIT INQUIRIES
Written classification inquiries may be submitted to the Classification & Field Operations Department of the
Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau (PCRB) in one of the following methods: via facsimile, USPS, or via
the PCRB’s website (www.pcrb.com). For the last method please click on “Classification” on the website’s main
menu and then click on “Classification Inquiries.”
For the Classification & Field Operations Department of the PCRB to operate effectively, it is important that the
PCRB have the full cooperation of every carrier, agent and employer in providing the essential information that
the PCRB needs to make classification rulings and to otherwise be of service to you.
The information the Classification & Field Operations Department needs to properly respond to inquiries from
carriers, agents or employers on classification questions is:







A complete listing of all Pennsylvania operating locations
The exact name (as shown in Item 1 of the policy) and address of the business in question
The Bureau file number (if available) of the business in question (see Rating and Underwriting
Reference via the Application Login or “Classification inquiries”)
A full and accurate written description of the business in question, including any available audits, loss
control reports and/or insurance application information
Reason why a change in classification is being requested, i.e., has a substantial change in the
employer’s operations recently occurred?
The name, title and telephone number of a management representative whom a PCRB field
representative can contact to schedule an appointment with the employer (in the event that a field
survey is necessary)
Employer’s website address
If a carrier or agent is requesting a classification review in conjunction with a policy audit, the audit worksheets
for the policy(ies) in question should accompany the request and, if applicable, the name(s) and a detailed job
description of the employee(s) whose payroll allocation is being questioned. Please note the importance of this
item, since a considerable amount of time would be saved by the PCRB not having to ask for this information by
return correspondence. Also note that it is not the PCRB’s role to become involved in every dispute involving the
allocation of a particular employee’s payroll to a given classification. Allocations of payroll are made by the
carrier. Since the PCRB did not perform the audit, the PCRB does not normally have the relevant facts on which
to base an opinion or render a decision. Issues/disputes of this kind should initially be referred to the carrier’s
regional audit manager for resolution.
Upon receipt of the written inquiry the PCRB will determine whether the information presented is sufficient to
determine the employer’s applicable classification. In those cases where the information provided is insufficient,
the PCRB will usually schedule the employer for a field survey/special audit or issue a “Description of Operations
Questionnaire.” Following the field survey/special audit or receipt of the completed questionnaire, the PCRB will
issue a written ruling on the matter that will be communicated to authorized parties. These decisions are subject
to further review as delineated in the “Appeals from Application of the Rating System Procedure” – Section 1,
Rule XVI.
With respect to telephone requests, an official binding PCRB decision on classification/audit matters
cannot be provided over the telephone. However, the PCRB will offer opinions as requested. To that end a
carrier, agent or employer who telephones the PCRB on a classification/audit question should:



Identify himself/herself and indicate the firm he/she represents;
Give the name, address and PCRB file number (if available) of the employer in question;
Be knowledgeable of the facts surrounding the situation and prepared to provide specific responses to
any questions asked.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Please remember the PCRB is in a position to reply only to an employer relative to its account, the authorized
agent or carrier-of-record or another representative of the employer (providing the PCRB has received a signed,
recently-dated letter on the employer’s letterhead authorizing the representative to act on the employer’s behalf
in the matter at issue).
CLEARING OF LAND
Below find the class assigned to payroll developed in each of four different but common types of land clearing or
right-of-way clearing or maintenance projects. Such class listing does not waive either the underwriting or payroll
division rules delineated in Sections 1 or 2 of this Manual.
1.
Assign Code 009 for tree cutting/felling by chain saw regardless of tree size and the incident removal of
brush and/or stumps.
2.
Assign Code 015 for tree cutting/felling by mechanized equipment regardless of tree size and the
incident removal of brush and/or stumps.
3.
Assign Code 609 for all methods of clearing or removing brush and/or stump removal not incident to
tree removal ---including road construction. ---
4.
Assign Code 005 for all methods of tree pruning, spraying (except aerial tree spraying, which is
assignable to the applicable aircraft operation class) or trimming, including incident tree removal and all
incident operations.
5.
Assign Code 012 for brush or weed control using chemicals dispensed from portable or mechanical
ground spraying equipment.
COMMISSION SALESPERSONS (Deductible Expenses)
Commissions paid to commission salespersons shall be included in the audit of payroll for premium computation
purposes, except that traveling and all other expenses of the salespersons in connection with their employment
may be deducted provided the salespersons report such expenses and the insured maintains a definite verifiable
record of them. Arbitrary flat percentages shall not be allowed under the provisions of this interpretation nor shall
automobile depreciation be deductible as an item of expense unless such depreciation comprises a part of the
mileage rate allowance.
COMPUTER AND/OR SOFTWARE CONSULTING BUSINESSES
A business principally engaged in computer and/or software consulting is assignable to Code 951 and to Code
953 as each classification may apply pursuant to the job duties of individual personnel of such businesses.
One typical workday scenario for computer and/or software consulting staff is the consultant leaves his/her place
of residence in the morning and travels to a customer’s location, where the consultant will spend his/her entire
day working on the customer’s computer and/or software issues. At the end of the workday the consultant
leaves the customer’s location and returns to his/her place of residence. The duration or timing of such an
assignment may vary from one to several days to indefinite. Such persons do not engage in over-the-road sales
solicitation or collection work. As this is no different in relation to the typical workday for a computer person
employed directly by the customer, the assignment of such consultant’s payroll is to Code 953.
In the event a computer and/or software consultant typically visits two or more customer locations in a typical
workday, such separate consultant’s payroll is assignable to Code 951.
If the employer cannot or will not provide a sufficiently detailed picture of a computer and/or software consultant’s
typical workday so the above procedure may properly be utilized, then the payroll of the consultant(s) shall be
assigned to Code 951.
The above classification procedure is also applicable to separate staff training a customer’s staff in the use of
software developed or purchased by the insurer employer for their customer(s).
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CLASSIFICATIONS
DRIVERS (Payroll Allocation)
It is the Bureau's position that the payroll of drivers, chauffeurs or their helpers which cannot be allocated to a
specific classification because they have duties common to more than one classification shall be assigned to the
governing classification of the two or more classifications to which their work belongs.
The above ruling does not supersede any Manual rules found in Section 2 of the Pennsylvania Manual, nor does
it supersede any Manual wording footnotes found in Section 2 regarding the allocation of payroll for the 800series of classifications (Trucking and Storage Industry).
Example:
Insured X has approved classifications Code 0034, Animal Raising, and Code 865, Poultry and/or Fish
Dealer/Processor. If insured X had separate crews of drivers that did not interchange their duties between
the two operations, the separate crews would have their payroll allocated to the separate respective
classifications.
If no such separate crew existed and the drivers, etc. have duties common to both operations, their payroll
would be assigned to the governing classification exclusive of miscellaneous employee payroll.
EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR – TEMPORARY STAFFING
Employers engaged in supplying temporary staffing to unrelated concerns shall in all instances be classified in
accordance with the temporary staffing classes shown in Section 2 of this Manual per the cross-reference chart
below subject only to specified EXCEPTIONS for temporary staff engaged in the various occupations or tasks
listed after the chart. The cross-reference chart shows which direct employment business classifications are
assignable to each appropriate temporary staffing class. The customers' assigned direct employment business
classification shall be used in selecting the temporary staffing class(es) utilized in classifying the different
portions of a temporary staffing contractor's payroll.
Temporary staffing is a business that hires its own employees and assigns them to an unrelated business to
support or supplement that unrelated business' permanent workforce in a special work situation including but not
necessarily limited to employee absences (e.g., vacation or illness), temporary skill shortages, seasonal
workloads or special assignments or projects. The temporary staffing business usually contracts to fill a job but
not to supply a particular person to fill that job. The special work situation generally involves a work assignment
that may be of varying time length from a single day to any period less than a year.
TEMPORARY STAFFING CLASSIFICATION
Assignable Customer
Business Classification(s)
185
For example, the table entry
104
indicates that temporary staff performing duties which would be subject
to PCRB classification 104 if performed by direct employees of the client are to be assigned to the temporary
staffing Code 185. In total there are 24 temporary staffing classifications for which there is a single assignable
customer business classification, 12 temporary staffing classifications with multiple assignable customer
business classifications and one temporary staffing classification, Code 889, applies to all temporary staff whose
job duties fulfill the definition of clerical found in Rule IV, B. 2. a., Section 1 of this Manual regardless of the
customer’s business classification.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
TEMPORARY STAFFING
CROSS-REFERENCE CHART
185
104
187
107
189
113
191
161
275
221
276
222
291
255
297
281
491
403
493
445
495
451
497
472
499
475
520
984
988
521
920
936
963
522
887
890
892
893
474
555
752
755
884
523
103
441
459
471
476
483
025
028
050
051
101
105
108
110
111
134
135
136
163
166
485
487
488
553
744
818
891
894
899
968
525
427
433
449
454
456
457
461
465
467
473
501
502
507
513
204
205
225
257
261
263
265
306
311
319
323
327
407
415
976
981
986
987
997
535
571
573
649
677
716
718
751
753
804
814
815
820
527
112
114
425
601
605
607
611
647
652
653
654
656
657
658
665
669
679
721
801
802
811
817
828
857
858
859
860
862
882
910
983
995
4777
115
132
142
285
446
458
463
825
865
885
915
918
922
924
934
969
973
978
0011
4771
524
667
757
816
886
896
897
898
477
486
489
506
551
581
660
012
055
059
106
109
119
130
139
141
165
201
227
282
301
927
932
952
967
977
305
402
404
406
411
413
416
421
429
431
435
447
509
511
526
512
514
536
--603
608
617
645
646
648
662
663
664
666
528
606
615
655
806
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916
917
919
925
935
941
944
668
670
673
674
675
676
681
759
805
807
808
809
810
812
945
948
954
964
966
975
821
855
880
907
911
933
939
971
980
992
999
0013
7428
529
005
009
015
659
803
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871
921
CLASSIFICATIONS
587
563
691
609
693
651
695
661
867
813
877
879
881
883
889*
914
923
926
928
953
956
962
895
965
946
940
957
958
959
960
961
974
979
949
709
819
903
904
905
951
955
* Code 889 applies to temporary staff whose job duties fulfill the
definition of clerical found in Rule IV, B. 2. a., Section 1 of this Manual
regardless of the customer’s business classification.
EXCEPTIONS
1.
AVIATION – any temporary personnel provided as flight crew in any capacity shall be assigned to
the appropriate aircraft operation classification.
2.
LONGSHORING – personnel provided to load or unload a vessel shall be assigned to the
appropriate stevedoring classification.
3.
SHIP BUILDING – temporary staff provided to perform work concerned with either ship building
and/or ship repair shall be assigned to the appropriate Federal classification.
4.
FARM LABOR – any temporary staff shall be assigned to the appropriate agricultural classification
or if provided to perform mechanical harvesting, picking and related activities utilizing machinery
shall be assigned to Code 007.
5.
COAL MINING – any temporary staff engaged in mining coal or to staff a coal breaker and/or
cleaning plant shall be assigned to the appropriate Coal Mine Compensation Rating Bureau
classes.
6.
LEASED EMPLOYEES – the leasing of personnel shall not be construed as temporary staffing.
7.
CLERICAL – all temporary clerical staff shall be assigned to Code 889 regardless of the customer's
business classification.
8.
HOME HEALTH CARE – any personnel performing home health care services shall be assigned to
the appropriate home health care class as provided in Section 2 of this Manual.
9.
The following classifications are not available as a guide in classifying temporary staffing
contractors: 985, 993, 994, 996, 0901, 0902, 0908, 0909, 0912 and 0913.
10. WORKFARE PROGRAM EMPLOYEES – assign Code 982 for employable recipients of public
assistance delegated by the Department of Public Welfare for temporary placement by a temporary
staffing contractor with private, nonprofit or for-profit employers under Workfare projects.
11. ATTENDANT CARE SERVICES – Assign Code 972 to attendant care aides sent to a provider to
perform attendant care services pursuant to the Medicaid Waiver or Pennsylvania Attendant Care
Act (Number 150 of 1986) that became effective July 1, 1987.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
12. EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTOR’S PERMANENT STAFF – shall be assigned to Codes 951 and
953 as they may apply. Other permanent staff employees with duties falling beyond the scope of
the standard exception classes shall be assigned to Code 971.
EXECUTIVE OFFICERS - CLASSIFICATION ASSIGNMENT
A significant number of disputes occur as a result of the misclassification of executive officers' payroll. In an
attempt to enhance the accuracy and consistency of the treatment of these issues by insurance companies,
below find a series of questions that the PCRB believes will aid in the determination of the proper classification
for executive officers.
•
•
•
•
Who are the officers of the corporation for the policy period in question?
Was each of these officers active in the business during the policy period in question?
What were each officer's exact job duties?
How many hours a week (or what percentage of time) does each officer work in the store, shop, job site,
farm, etc.?
• How many hours a week (or what percentage of time) does each officer spend in the basic classification
work area, providing direct supervision and/or giving instructions to employees?
• How many hours a week (or what percentage of time) does each officer spend out of the office for sales
calls, meetings or other similar purposes?
Please also see Section 1, Rule IX, Paragraph A., 5. "Assignment of Payroll" that advises an executive officer
shall be classified in the same manner as any employee. Also please see the "Regular and Frequent" entry in
the General Auditing & Classification Information section.
EXECUTIVE SUPERVISORS - CONSTRUCTION OR ERECTION - 951
The assignment of Code 951 is applicable only to executive supervisors who do not exercise direct supervision
of construction or erection operations. Code 951 is not applicable to supervisors permanently located at a given
job location until the completion of that job. Code 951 is also not assigned to the payroll of any individual who is
directly in charge of construction workers (including general laborers) at a specific job location. Any person who
is directly in charge of construction work or construction employees at a specific job location shall be assigned to
that job classification or, if more than one classification is assigned, to the highest-rated classification for that job
if separate payroll records are not maintained.
The job duties of an executive supervisor would include time spent in an office and visits to a job site. Such
supervision given by an individual classified under Code 951 must be indirect; i.e., through another person such
as a superintendent or foreman. The executive supervisor has overall managerial responsibility for the various
projects. That responsibility may include making arrangements for the procurement of materials and/or the
delivery of supplies, procurement of subcontractors, maintenance of construction timetables, visits to job sites to
keep track of job progress, conferring with clients, architects and engineers, and traveling to and from the
company's headquarters. It also contemplates clerical office exposure and the part-time hazards of walking and
climbing around on job sites. Typically, the use of the classification is applicable to large construction companies
that have at least one level of supervision between the executive supervisor and the worker. It is also applicable
in situations where numerous smaller projects are in progress simultaneously and the executive supervisor has
the managerial responsibility for all of them.
An exception to the above-stated application would apply to a job superintendent responsible for and physically
located at a specific job site where all operations are subcontracted to unrelated concerns. In this instance, the
contractor has no construction workers at the job site, and the superintendent cannot exercise direct control of
the subcontractor's employees. Therefore, in this circumstance the job superintendent should have his/her payroll assigned to Code 951.
FROZEN OR FROSTED FOOD PRODUCTS MFG.
The processing of frozen foods shall be assigned to the classification which would apply if the product was not
frozen. This ruling is made as the application of cold to either chill or freeze food products is common to a
number of food processing classifications. It has been determined that the freezing operations of themselves do
not change the fundamental characteristics of the risk.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
HOME HEALTH CARE SERVICES
Applicable to any business providing home health care services to individuals or to families in their residence.
The services provided may include skilled services under a physician's written direction that include but are not
necessarily limited to nursing care, home infusion therapy, physical, speech and/or occupational therapy and/or
nonprofessional services, including but not necessarily limited to home health aide, attendant care, companions
and live-ins and/or home support services such as homemakers or chore workers. Payroll so developed shall be
classified in the manner indicated below.
Code 942, "HOME HEALTH CARE - Professional Staff, all employees except office," includes registered or
licensed practical nurses, pharmacists, physical, speech and/or occupational therapists, medical social workers
and outside salespersons.
Code 943, "HOME HEALTH CARE - Nonprofessional Staff, all employees except office," includes but is not
necessarily limited to home health aides and certified home health aides, certified nurse assistants, companions
and live-ins and home support personnel such as homemakers and chore workers.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Assign Code 942 to outside salespersons employed by a home health care business that performs only
nonprofessional home health care services.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
Assign Code 928 to separate staff engaged in the sale or rental of durable hospital equipment or supplies
such as hospital beds, wheelchairs, commodes and walkers to the individual home health care patient.
Assign Code 972 to a provider of attendant care services pursuant to the Medicaid Waiver of the
Pennsylvania Attendant Care Services Act (Number 150 of 1986) that became effective July 1, 1987.
Assign Code 972 to separate attendant care staff of a home health care services business that also provides
attendant care services pursuant to the Medicaid Waiver or the Pennsylvania Attendant Care Services Act
(Number 150 of 1986) that became effective July 1, 1987.
HOMEOWNERS’ ASSOCIATION
A Homeowners’ Association is responsible for the care of residential or recreational home developments. Such
developments may have part-time residents who use the development for vacation or recreational purposes
and/or year-round residents. Assign Code 971 to the maintenance of common grounds (e.g., roads), and the
operation and maintenance of recreational amenities (e.g., swimming pools, tennis courts and/or clubhouses)
and security. Association operations conducted by separate employee crews including but not necessarily
limited to: golf courses, stables, restaurants, sewage plant and water works shall be separately classified as provided for in this Manual.
HOTEL OR MOTEL OPERATIONS
The two classifications applicable to hotel/motel operations are Codes 973 and 945.
Code 973 shall include all operations performed by hotel or motel employees except for separate food service
and beverage staff(s). Employees assigned to Code 973 include but are not necessarily limited to: front desk
employees, persons engaged in the operation of newsstands, candy or cigar shops or similar activities,
personnel operating or maintaining indoor or outdoor swimming pools, the golf course(s), video game room, the
health or fitness club, tennis courts or other hotel or motel guest amenities, maids, housemen, inside or outside
maintenance, store workers, barbers, laundry workers, employees performing concierge services (i.e.,
arrangements for tours, theater tickets or the rental of automobiles), or opening boxes and/or bags and laying out
pre-packaged food or beverages and/or precooked food (including heating of the precooked foods in a
microwave oven) and/or making coffee for a continental breakfast where there is no other food service or
beverage operations.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
Separate staff exclusively engaged in the hotel's food service or beverage operations shall be classified by Code
945 which includes but is not necessarily limited to: waiters or waitresses and their assistants, cooks, kitchen
help, bartenders, cashiers, restaurant managers, musicians or entertainers. On the auditing procedures for tips
and musicians or entertainers, see Section 1, Rule V.
Payroll developed by interchanging hotel and hotel restaurant employees shall be assigned to Code 973 or to
Code 945, whichever has the higher value.
OPERATIONS ALSO INCLUDED:
1.
Religious retreats.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Please refer to the Ski Resorts entry in the General Auditing & Classification Information section for the
classification procedure for such businesses.
The businesses of a concessionaire or independent contractor operating on the premises of a hotel or
motel will be classified on the merits of their operations.
Assign Code 953 to employees of the hotel or hotel restaurant exclusively engaged in clerical office
duties.
Assign Code 981 to payroll developed by slot machine gambling operations when conducted in a
physically separate department by a separate staff.
INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR, OWNER/OPERATOR OR EMPLOYEE
Determinations of Premium Obligations Where Questions of Workers’ Compensation
Coverage Status Arise
Questions involving whether a person is an independent contractor, owner/operator or employee fall into an area
of law for which consideration of many factors is potentially required in order to consider their entitlement to
workers’ compensation benefits. The Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau (PCRB) does not make and
has no authority to make determinations regarding the entitlement of any person(s) to workers’ compensation
benefits arising out of the course of activities related to any business or other entity, whether any such person
has or has not been injured in the course of such activity. However, the PCRB will exercise authority over the
issue of whether or not premiums are due for an individual(s) whose workers’ compensation coverage status is
questioned. This authority is different from finding independent contractor, owner/operator or employee status
and is also different from establishing eligibility/ineligibility for benefits arising out of an accident or disease that
has occurred or may occur, determinations which the PCRB specifically cannot render. The PCRB’s procedure
in making determinations regarding premium obligations is as follows:
A carrier insuring an entity to which a sole proprietor, partner, corporate officer or LLC member provides
services as a subcontractor may not collect premium from the insured entity for that subcontractor if the
subcontractor has or had a standard workers’ compensation insurance policy covering the
subcontractor for the entire period during which services were provided.
Further, a carrier insuring an entity to which a person provides services as a subcontractor may not
collect premium for that person if the subcontractor is working in the capacity of an officer of a
corporation in providing such services and has executed a written election not to be subject to the
Workers’ Compensation Act.
A carrier insuring an entity to which a person provides services as a subcontractor which does not meet
either of the above criteria precluding collection of premium may either waive or collect premium from
the insured entity for that subcontractor. Carrier decisions to waive or collect premium in such
instances may consider a variety of factors, such as but not necessarily including or limited to the right
of direction and control of the subcontractor by the entity to which services are provided, whether or not
the subcontractor maintains general liability insurance coverage applicable to the services being
provided or the possibility that the subcontractor may have additional workers. Carrier decisions in
such regard are not subject to review by the PCRB.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
---
MANUFACTURED (MOBILE) HOME VS. MODULAR HOME
Both a manufactured (mobile) home and a modular home are produced in a factory, but there are differences
between each type of home. The manufactured/mobile home is towed on a permanent steel chassis, which
remains a structural part of the home throughout its service life. It has a non-removable steel chassis, while a
modular home does not. Although required to be secured to the ground, the manufactured home retains its
permanent steel chassis, and, thus, while many are not relocated, a manufactured home may be relocated and is
considered removable and relocatable.
A modular home is transported to the installation site on a flat-bed truck. Modular homes are placed upon
foundations, often with the use of a crane. Modular homes are not relocatable and are considered a permanent
structure once placed upon a foundation.
The production of a manufactured/mobile home is assigned to Code 451. Code 305 is used to classify the
production of a modular home.
Assign Code 818 to a manufactured home setup or warranty service, whether by the dealer or a specialist
contractor.
Assign Code 652 to modular home setup, warranty service, remodeling, or repair, whether by the dealer or a
specialist contractor.
MINIMUM WAGE PROCEDURE
Section 1, Rule V., B. 2. o. of the Manual remuneration includes: Adjustments necessary to bring employees to
the federal minimum wage as reported by the United States Department of Labor.
Section 1, Rule V., B. 3. e. of the Manual remuneration excludes: tips and other gratuities received by
employees.
All carriers are required to include an adjustment to equal the current federal minimum wage. The auditor should
verify if all employees' wages equal or exceed the federal minimum wage. If not, the following adjustments
should be made, assuming the current minimum hourly wage for tipped employees is included.
1.
Determine the average number of full-time tipped employees and the normal work hours.
• 35 hour week x (the difference of federal minimum wage and the tipped employees'
minimum wages) x number of tipped employees x 52 weeks.
2.
Determine the average number of part-time tipped employees and the normal work hours.
• Number of hours x (the difference of federal minimum wage and the tipped employee
minimum) x the number of tipped employees x 52 weeks.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
NURSING HOME, PERSONAL CARE HOME AND RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY
CLASSIFICATION GUIDELINE
The following guidelines have been developed to aid in the classification of employees of a typical nursing
home/personal care home. Proper documentation on audit worksheets should be added whenever exceptions
are made to these guidelines. These guidelines, to varying degrees, affect the following basic business
classifications.
Code 960, NURSING AND CONVALESCENT HOME
Code 974, RETIREMENT OR LIFE CARE COMMUNITY
Code 979, RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY FOR THE ELDERLY – NON MEDICAL
Nursing home/personal care home employees do not have to provide actual “hands on” care to the patients
and/or residents in order to have their payroll assigned to one of the above basic classifications. The object of
the classification system is to group insureds into classifications so that the rating value for each classification
reflects the exposures common to such distinct business enterprise (See Section 1, Rule IV. C. 2. and 3.). It is
the business of the insured that is classified within Pennsylvania, not the separate employments, occupations or
operations within the business.
Employees who typically comprise the basic classification for a nursing home/personal care home are activity
staff, beauticians or barbers (usually remunerated through a 1099), dining room set-up and servers, drivers, food
preparation, housekeeping, laundry, maintenance/plant including supervisors, nurses (registered nurses,
licensed practical nurses), nurses aides including certified nurses aides, security and therapists (physical and
speech).
Employees typically considered office employees include accounting, accounts payable and accounts receivable,
business office, bookkeeping, finance, human resources and the office manager. These employees must work
in a physically separate office as defined in Section 1, Rule IV, B. 2.
Codes 960, 974 and 979 are “all employees except office,” which means none of the three classes permit payroll
division with Code 951, Outside Sales.
With the above statements in mind, the payroll of nursing home/personal care home employees should be
assigned in the following manner.
ADMINISTRATOR/EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Each facility has a licensed nursing home or residential care facility administrator on site who is in charge of all
operations at the facility. This employee prepares budgets, reviews departmental reports, answers questions of
department managers, deals with licensing issues, handles public relation issues, attends community events to
promote the business, deals with HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accounting Act) regulations, deals
with employee benefits, handles safety issues, interprets procedures and writes plans of correction based on
inspection reports. The employee will attend patient care plan meetings. The administrator will make rounds of
the facility on a regularly scheduled basis. Each round will vary as to the amount of time it takes depending on
the size and complexity of the facility. During rounds, the administrator walks the halls to observe that the
patients are being cared for properly, there are no unreported maintenance issues, no housekeeping issues that
are unsolved, the floor has adequate staffing and the general appearance of the facility is acceptable.
The administrator will stop and talk to residents to inquire if they have any complaints or concerns and will talk to
family members and volunteers who may have questions. The administrator will not provide direct patient care.
By state law (for nursing homes only) the administrator is not permitted to feed, toilet, administer medications or
provide any other type of care. However, administrators do keep track of how often nurses see patients.
Administrators should have their payroll assigned to the applicable basic classification, as they are regularly
exposed to the operative hazards of the nursing home/personal care facility. An administrator’s job duties fall
beyond the Manual definition of a clerical office employee.
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CLASSIFICATIONS
ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR
An assistant administrator performs many of the same job duties as the administrator and reports directly to the
administrator in the chain of command. This employee may assist the administrator in the preparation of
budgets, review departmental reports, answer questions of department managers, deal with licensing issues,
handle public relation issues, attend community events to promote the business, deal with HIPPA regulations,
deal with employee benefits, handle safety issues, interpret procedures and write plans of correction based on
inspection reports. The employee will attend patient care plan meetings. The assistant administrator may make
rounds of the facility on a regularly scheduled basis. Each round will vary as to the amount of time it takes
depending on the size and complexity of the facility.
During rounds, the assistant administrator may walk the halls to observe that the patients are being cared for
properly. They make sure no restraints are being used, there are no unreported maintenance issues or
housekeeping issues that are unsolved, the floor is adequately staffed, and the general appearance of the facility
is acceptable.
The assistant administrator may stop and talk to residents to inquire if they have any complaints or concerns and
may talk to family members and volunteers who have questions. The assistant administrator may or may not
provide direct patient care. Assistant administrators should have their payroll assigned to the appropriate basic
classification, as they are regularly exposed to the operative hazards of the nursing home/personal care facility.
See the Regular and Frequent Ruling and Interpretation for the definitions of “regular and frequent.” An assistant
administrator’s job duties fall beyond the Manual definition of a clerical office employee.
ACTIVITY DIRECTOR
The activity director is in charge of the recreational and educational activities at a nursing home. The director is
responsible for setting up a schedule, ordering supplies for the activities and, in some of the smaller homes,
directly supervising the employees and residents in activities. If the activities director has a physically separate
office, does not participate nor directly supervise (this activity may be done by the assistant activity director) and
has no regular job duties in or about the facility, then the employee may have their payroll assigned to the clerical
office classification. However, most activity directors are responsible for organizing and directly supervising the
event and are present at the activity, whether it be on the premises of the facility or at another location (e.g., a
shopping trip to a local mall). As such, the payroll of an activity director is generally assignable to the basic
classification.
ADMISSIONS DIRECTOR
The admissions director may have alternate job titles such as marketing director, social services director, public
relations director or director of development. Regardless, this employee is responsible for working with residents
and their families and guiding them through the admission process. The admissions director will explain facility
rules (such as marking clothing with a name) and patients’ rights. The employee will work with family members
who wish to bring furniture from home. The admissions director may explain that all electrical appliances must
be inspected for safety (no frayed wires). If a family member visits and removes money from the patient, the
admissions director must determine if an abuse situation exists and deal with reporting suspected abuse. If a
patient is not happy with his room or roommate, the admissions director will determine if the patient can be
transferred to another room. The admissions director may coordinate family concerns with department heads. If
two family members disagree about treatment or how a resident’s money is being spent, the admissions director
may intervene and mediate the situation. They may do the charting about the social interactions of residents.
They will plan care meetings. If a patient passes away or moves to another facility, the admissions director may
contact the family about collecting personal belongings. They may also work with the ombudsman (a
representative from the Area Agency on Aging that is assigned to a nursing home). The payroll of an admissions
director is usually assigned to the basic classification, as they regularly spend time in and about the facility even
though their primary job duties keep them in a physically separate office.
CASE MANAGER
This position is responsible for the management of the rehabilitation department. The employee directs the
therapists and gathers information on the level of care needed for minimum data sets (MDS) forms. The case
manager maintains the resident’s logs and compares the amount of therapy provided to the resident’s care plan.
The case manager usually does not provide any rehabilitation services. This employee may go to the local
hospital to screen charts for potential admissions. The case manager deals with discharge personnel in
hospitals regarding possible admissions to their facility. While at the nursing home, the case manager attends
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managed therapy meetings to see that therapy provided to a resident is in compliance with Medicare regulations.
The employee prepares communications bulletins and may write articles for a news bulletin that is distributed to
residents. The case manager meets with physicians and social service workers to determine if any residents in
the assisted living facility need to be moved to the nursing home. The employee is responsible for “hospitality”
when new residents move into the independent living cottages, if such a facility exists. The employee will go to
the resident’s apartment and visit with the resident, answering any questions while providing information about
the facility.
The case manager’s payroll is properly assigned to the basic classification.
CENTRAL SUPPLY CLERK
This employee is responsible for distributing supplies to the floors and assuring the cupboards are stocked with
needed supplies. This employee orders the supplies and determines what is chargeable to a resident. The
employee will physically stock the supplies in the units. Some facilities title these employees as purchasing, but
they work in an area similar to a storage office. They will make deliveries of supplies throughout the facility, and
their control/purchasing is confined to a computer, paperwork or reports. Their offices are usually locked, since
this is also where the supplies are located. The central supply clerk’s payroll is properly assigned to the basic
classification.
CHAPLAINS
A chaplain is a clergyman in charge of the nursing facility’s chapel. They organize and conduct religious services
for the residents of the nursing facility. They will visit non-ambulatory and ambulatory facility residents to provide
spiritual counseling, individual worship services and counseling or just to see how a resident is faring in the
facility. They may conduct in-room communions and/or last rites. Their payroll is properly assigned to the basic
classification.
CLINICAL DIRECTOR
The clinical director’s job responsibilities usually involve updating and reviewing the resident’s medical and
treatment charts and folders. If they review medications and treatments on the floor or in the resident rooms or if
their offices are not physically separate from all other areas of the nursing facility, the payroll of the clinical
director is properly assigned to the basic classification.
DIETARY COORDINATOR/DIRECTOR/MANAGER/SUPERVISOR
In some of the larger facilities there is a dietary director/manager who maintains all the dietary requirement
records for the residents. Many residents have varying dietary needs, so this is often a critical position. This
employee would develop menus and oversee food service. This may entail charting the intake of food by the
residents. These duties are performed both in the office and on the floor. The duties also involve supervising
the preparation of the food and trays. The employee may directly supervise dietary preparation in the kitchen or
walk throughout the facility when meals are served to see that the patient is given their dietary requirements.
The payroll of the dietary coordinator/director/ manager is properly assigned to the basic classification.
DIRECTOR OF NURSING (DON)/ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF NURSING (ADON)
Director of Nursing - This position is usually charged with overseeing the entire nursing/care functions of the
facility. This employee is responsible for administering the nursing program to maintain standards of patient care
and advises medical staff, department heads and administrators in matters related to nursing service. The
employee analyzes and evaluates the quality of care administered by the nursing staff and visits residents
routinely. The DON does not do any actual patient care.
Some nursing directors move throughout the facility all of the time, while others less so, spending the majority of
their time in the office. This employee performs the scheduling of the nursing staff, all of the interviewing and
hiring of nursing staff, and may review the unit manager’s work. Due to the nature of the employee’s work and
the fact that the position requires the visitation of residents and the evaluation of the quality of care administered
by the nursing staff, the payroll of the director of nursing is properly assigned to the basic classification.
Assistant Director of Nursing - This position is responsible for directing the programs of the facility. The
employee collaborates in composing and implementing nursing policy, practice and quality assurance throughout
the nursing department. The employee does not do any actual patient care. Primarily, their job responsibilities
center around the quality assurance programs. The ADON makes sure all nursing departments are ready for the
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state survey. The ADON develops the schedule for quality assurance audits and reports. The employee directs,
supervises and assigns projects and programs to a quality assurance analyst. The employee develops and
directly oversees the Infection Control Program and reports monthly to the Quality Assurance Committee. The
employee may oversee the wound care program and plans, organizes and oversees the staff development
program, reviewing the accurate recording of in-service attendance records. The ADON interacts on a regular
basis with patients, families, physicians and facility employees and makes tours throughout the facility on a daily
basis.
In smaller facilities the ADON is the supervisor on the floor. Their time may be split between directly supervising
the registered nurses and other nursing staff and completing paperwork in an office. The payroll of the ADON is
properly assigned to the basic classification.
FACILITIES MANAGER
This employee, in most cases, has direct floor duties and can do hands-on repair and maintenance work in and
about the facility. This employee will also conduct evaluations for major repairs and improvements to the facility
that requires the hiring of outside contractors. The payroll of the facilities manager is properly assigned to the
basic classification.
HOME HEALTH CARE OPERATIONS
Payroll developed by separate staff(s) performing home health care services shall be separately classified as
provided in the Pennsylvania Workers Compensation Manual.
INVENTORY CONTROL COORDINATOR
This employee is responsible for the control and purchasing of hard goods and supplies used throughout the
facility. This employee usually has no hands-on responsibilities on the facility floor. They usually make no
deliveries of supplies throughout the facility, and their control/ purchasing is confined to data entry, computergenerated reports and related paperwork. The payroll of the inventory control coordinator is properly assigned to
Code 953, Office, if their job duties are confined to working in a physically separate office.
MEDICAL DIRECTOR/MEDICAL COORDINATOR
The medical director is usually a physician who is only active on a part-time basis. When he/she is active, the
duties are usually visiting patients and making rounds within the nursing home. The payroll of the medical
director is properly assigned to the basic classification.
MAINTENANCE DISPATCH
These employees’ major job responsibility is to dispatch work assignments to the maintenance employees.
These employees are found in larger type facilities. They spend no time performing maintenance work in most
facilities. They do not supervise the maintenance employees or do any inspections of the facility. As long as
their job duties are confined to working in a physically separate office, their payroll can be assigned to Code 953,
Office.
MASHGIAH
A mashgiah is an Orthodox rabbi or a person appointed by such a rabbi whose responsibility is to prevent
violations of Jewish dietary laws by inspection of facilities where food assumed to be kosher is prepared for the
public. These employees enter the kitchen area of the facility to make sure certain foods are kosher. This job
position is usually found in faith-based facilities, and their payroll is properly assigned to the basic classification.
MEDICAL RECORDS CLERK/WARD CLERK
The medical records clerks are normally responsible for updating resident’s charts and medical records. If they
spend no time picking up and dropping off charts at either nurses’ stations or resident’s rooms, assign Code 953.
If they perform any of the above duties on a regular basis on the floor, their payroll is properly assigned to the
basic classification. If they complete their updates in a physically separate office, their payroll may be assigned
to Code 953, Office.
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In larger facilities, medical records clerks usually work in the business office and use computers to maintain a
database of records. In such circumstances assign Code 953. In the smaller facilities, they may have other
duties, including the delivery of medical supplies to nursing stations and interchanging labor as a central supply
clerk. If a medical records clerk has any of these duties, then their payroll should be assigned to the basic
classification.
NURSING SECRETARY/SCHEDULER
These employees do the paperwork for the nursing department, such as typing, scheduling, filing and other
administrative support job duties. Their payroll may be assigned to Code 953, Office, if they work in a physically
separate office and have no floor exposure. If they have their desks at the nursing station that is on the floor,
their payroll would be assigned to the basic classification.
RECEPTIONIST
Receptionists answer incoming telephone calls and direct them to the correct extension. This employee also
greets incoming visitors and asks them why they are at the facility. They may direct all visitors to sign a guest
register. They may assist staff in making photocopies. They may maintain the postage meter and be
responsible for outgoing mail. They will observe resident safety while the resident is in the lobby area. If one of
the residents needs assistance or falls while in the lobby area, the receptionist may quickly page an aide to
assist the resident rather than walk out to the resident herself. The receptionist will type the necessary
information onto a new resident’s identification bracelet. They may accept payment from residents or their
representatives. They may walk out to the office, lobby and/or solarium to lock up the doors at the close of each
day.
Receptionists in a nursing home facility not only greet and direct visitors but also provide a measure of
security/safety for wandering residents and for visitors as well. Such an arrangement invariably precludes the
assignment of Code 953, Office. Their payroll is properly assigned to the basic classification.
REGISTERED NURSE ASSESSMENT COORDINATOR (RNAC)
These employees are responsible for the completion and accuracy of the resident care planning process and
monitoring level-of-care changes and determinations. The RNAC oversees the development and implementation
of individual resident care plans and ensures the resident’s reaction and ongoing development. They are case
managers for the residents and compile all of the paperwork that is needed to deal with the Health Maintenance
Organizations that reimburse the nursing home for the treatment and care of the resident. They input all types of
information into the computer about the activity level of all of the residents. They complete forms called Minimum
Data Sets (MDS) for each new admission to the facility. They complete MDS reviews on each resident on a
quarterly basis, as well as an annual MDS. The form must be completed for each resident at least once a
quarter and at other times required by Medicaid, including admission and change in condition.
The RNAC compiles this information by a comprehensive review of the patient charts. The form contains many
different sections used to determine how well the resident is able to function. The dietician is responsible for
completing the dietary section. The physical therapy department will complete a range of motion study and will
complete the appropriate section of the form. The form is a comprehensive form that gathers information about
the resident’s social skills, communication skills, activities, cognitive skills, nutrition, vision and activities of daily
living. Nursing homes are reimbursed by Medicare for the care of a patient based on the condition of the patient.
If a patient is in a severe condition and requires extensive medical condition, Medicare will reimburse more funds
for that patient than a patient who is more self-sufficient. The RNAC writes up reports to be submitted to
Medicare. These employees will visit nurses’ stations to discuss the patient’s progress with a DON or nursing
supervisors. The RNAC will take the patient’s charts back to their office to type up the reports. These individuals
will also visit patient rooms to do evaluations.
The amount of time an RNAC spends working throughout the facility varies. An assessment nurse has to assess
the patient, and different department heads complete parts of the form, but the RNAC signs off on the form. The
RNAC places his/her license at risk by signing a form verifying the data is correct. For example, if a report states
a patient has bedsores, the RNAC will go on the floor and physically turn the patient over to verify this is correct.
Direct observation of the resident, as well as communication with the resident’s direct caregivers across all shifts,
are essential for the RNAC to complete their job according to the Resident Assessment Instrument User’s
Manual, a manual issued by the Federal government regarding the MDS. Based on the above information and
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job duties, the payroll of RNACs is properly assigned to the basic classification.
RESTORATIVE PROGRAMS DIRECTOR
This employee is responsible for making sure that the residents eat regularly, walk and engage in the therapy
that is provided by the insured’s restorative aides. The employee will go out to see the residents and test them
and regularly walks around the facility. Part of the employee’s job responsibilities requires the employee to walk,
lift and bend. The restorative programs director directly supervises the restorative aides and reviews them doing
their jobs. Their payroll is assigned to the basic classification.
STAFF DEVELOPMENT/IN-SERVICE TRAINING COORDINATOR
These employees are registered nurses and are the “clinical experts.” When a new employee is hired, these
employees will do an orientation with the employee. They review corporate compliance, explain workers’
compensation and infection control, and introduce the employee to his manager. They verify that all forms are
completed as required for the new hire. They attend “stand-up meetings.” These are meetings that occur at the
change of a shift. The employees completing their shift will explain any changes in a resident’s condition to the
new shift. These meetings used to take place at the nursing station, but, due to HIPPA regulations, they are now
held in an activity room.
They are responsible for assuring the staff’s credentials and licenses are up-to-date. They assure nurses have
the correct number of continuing education credits. They arrange for educational classes to be provided to
employees. They may arrange for the maintenance department to provide information in a classroom setting on
fire safety and the correct operation of a fire extinguisher. They may arrange for housekeeping to conduct a
class for staff on infection control. They will gather information from the floor supervisors verifying nurses have
met IV competencies (inserted the correct number of IVs successfully in the correct amount of time).
They regularly spend time doing classroom teaching of employees. They will teach and provide instruction
classes on hand-washing techniques, resident safety, wound care and proper lifting mechanics. Their payroll is
properly assigned to the basic classification.
STAFF COORDINATOR
This employee would only work from their office completing staffing schedules for the various departments.
Their main job duty is to make sure there are enough employees for each shift.
If they have no other job duties and their scheduling work is done in a physically separate office, then the payroll
of these employees may be assigned to Code 953, Office.
TRANSPORTATION DISPATCHER
Some of the larger facilities have employees who sit in an office and schedule transportation for the residents for
shopping, doctors’ visits and family visits. If the employee has no other job duty and their scheduling work is
done in a physically separate office, then their payroll may be assigned to Code 953, Office. If the employee
regularly engages in driving the residents to and from their destinations, their payroll is properly assigned to the
basic classification.
UTILIZATION MEDICAL REVIEWER
These individuals review charts from medical records for the doctors to determine patient
medical needs.
These individuals work in enclosed offices and usually have no floor duties. If their work is done in a physically
separate office, then the payroll of these employees may be assigned to Code 953, Office.
UNIT CLERK/SECRETARY
This employee is responsible for ordering supplies for the nursing department and checking secretarial notes for
quality. The unit clerk will code bills for insurance companies, Medicare and Medicaid. These employees may
work on the nursing home floor at a desk behind the nursing stations, or they may work in a physically separate
office. Their responsibilities include maintaining all unit records of the patient residents. The employee answers,
the phones, schedules medical appointments for residents on the unit and marks files if a
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resident leave the facility. The employee coordinates all labs and doctor appointments by telephone.
They call for transportation for all of the appointments and perform chart-thinning work according to the nursing
home’s policy. They maintain all forms and active files and coordinate all lab orders by telephone. They fax
paperwork to pharmacies and physicians and complete admission/readmission checklists for each admission.
This employee is responsible for the secretarial work on the unit. The employee assures doctor’s orders are
placed in the patient’s chart. The employee may work at a desk in the nursing station on the floor or may be in a
physically separate office. If the employee has no regular job duties on the nursing room floor and works in a
physically separate office, then their payroll may be assigned to Code 953, Office. If they work on the nursing
home floor at a desk behind the nursing station, then their payroll should be assigned to the basic classification.
VOLUNTEER COORDINATOR
The coordinator who has no duties/supervisory responsibilities over the volunteers on the floor, who simply
schedules and coordinates volunteers’ activities, can be classified as clerical. They usually work in an enclosed
office. Many coordinators simply spend their time on the telephone recruiting volunteers or asking them to come
in on a particular day. If they have no regular job duties in or about the facility and they work in a physically
separate office, their payroll should be assigned to Code 953. Those volunteer coordinators who supervise
volunteers on the floor should have their payroll assigned to the basic classification.
PER DIEMS
Per Diems refer to a specific amount of money that a business provides to an employee to cover living and
traveling expenses in connection with work. To the extent that specific documentation is not available for
substantiation of per diem expenses in accordance with Manual rules (see Section 1, Rule V, F.) per diem
expense reimbursement payments are included as remuneration for premium computation purposes.
Certain Internal Revenue Service (IRS) procedures allow for employer deduction of per diems paid to employees
under the terms of a “nonaccountable plan.” This type of plan does not require actual receipts for the expenses
covered by the per diems. Exclusion of per diems under a “nonaccountable plan” from remuneration for
premium computation purposes is solely a matter for carrier review and determination. Disputes emanating from
insuring carrier’s determinations in the area of nonaccountable IRS per diem plans are not subject to PCRB
review and resolution.
PREFABRICATED METAL BUILDING ERECTION – PREFABRICATED SHEET METAL AND SILO
ERECTION METAL
Payroll developed in the two types of erection jobs cited above will be classified in the manner indicated below.
Code 608 is applicable to the building of concrete flooring or padding for one or two-story structures. Code 609
is applicable to site preparation and to any excavation. Code 654 is the proper classification for the building of
concrete flooring or padding for structures of three stories or higher.. Payroll developed in the erection of the
prefabricated metal building framework is assignable to Code 655. Installation of sheet metal siding, roofing or
interior work for a prefabricated metal building or the erection of metal or fiberglass silo sections is assignable to
Code 651. Electrical work is assignable to Code 661 and plumbing installation is assignable to Code 663. For
the silo erection Code 675 is proper for payroll developed in the installation of conveyors or other materials
handling equipment or for the service and/or repair of such. Other trade classifications may be extended as
warranted.
PREVAILING WAGE PAYMENTS
Prevailing wage statutes, including but not necessarily limited to the Davis-Bacon Act or the Pennsylvania
Prevailing Wage Act stipulate that contractors under Federal or State government contracts, respectively, are
required to pay specific minimum wage rates and specified fringe benefits that may be paid into an approved
fund for distribution at a later date or paid directly to the employee. Where an employer is unionized, the
payments will normally go into a fund. However, if the employer is not unionized, the payments will often be
made directly to the employee.
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PRODUCT ASSEMBLY DEFINITION
For classification purposes, the term "assembly" refers to the joining together of prefabricated component parts
purchased from unrelated concerns to form a described product. Some portion of the purchased prefabricated
component parts may be modified prior to assembly. When a specific assembly classification does not exist for
a certain product, the assembly of such product shall be assigned to the manufacturing classification which most
accurately describes the completed product.
It is common for stores, such as those engaged in the sale of bicycles, furniture, jewelry or light fixtures, to perform incidental assembly activities in preparation for the display of or after the sale of merchandise. Assembly or
"get ready" activities which are incidental to a store's operations shall be assigned to the store's applicable
classification.
PROPERTY MANAGEMENT FIRMS
Property management firms are engaged in the management of real property which may be owned by the
management firm or owned by unrelated businesses and managed under contract. Real property is defined for
this Ruling and Interpretation as apartment houses, condominiums, private dwellings (houses) and commercial
office buildings. The duties of a property management firm are to enforce the provisions of the lease agreement
entered into by the tenant and landlord, to ensure that necessary tax, mortgage, insurance and other payments
are made in a timely manner, and to ensure that the property is maintained in such a way as to maximize its
value to the owner. In the conduct of such operations management companies may employ maintenance
personnel, resident or on-site managers, leasing agents or property management supervisors or may
subcontract all or portions of these separate responsibilities. The basic functions performed by the personnel of
property management firms and the current classification procedures followed in connection therewith are
presented below:
Maintenance
Maintenance personnel generally perform minor maintenance and repair work at the property site, including but
not limited to: cutting the grass, shoveling snow, plumbing, electrical wiring, painting and minor carpentry
activities. New construction or structural alterations generally are subcontracted to a specialty contractor.
Payroll developed by maintenance employees of a commercial or industrial building owner, lessee or real estate
management firm is assigned to Code 971. Payroll developed by maintenance employees of an apartment or
condominium complex operator is assigned to Code 880.
Resident or On-Site Managers
Resident managers typically are retained in connection with residential apartment complexes, while on-site managers may be employed in connection with either residential or commercial properties. Resident managers
usually receive compensation in the form of a salary and an apartment unit located at the site of the managed
property. The duties of resident or on-site managers retained in connection with apartment complexes and
similar multiple dwelling units may include but are not limited to: performing maintenance and repair work,
showing apartments to prospective tenants, preparing lease or rental agreements, collecting rents, handling
tenant complaints, inspecting vacated units for damage, coordinating maintenance and repair activities, acting as
the liaison between tenants and management supervisors, and directly supervising the overall operations and/or
maintenance staff of the property.
As a general rule, managers engaged in the above job duties should have their payroll assigned to either Code
971 or Code 880. However, managers who perform no maintenance/repair work or perform no direct supervision of the maintenance staff or do not supervise the overall operations of the complex may have their payroll
assigned to Code 951. The duties of on-site managers retained in connection with commercial buildings are
similar to those described above and are classified the same way.
Leasing Agents
Leasing agents are typically engaged in residential and/or commercial property leasing or real estate sales
activities. Leasing agents are paid a commission based upon the total rent paid over the duration of the lease.
Leasing agents show available space to prospective tenants and negotiate the terms of the lease, including the
lease period, tenant improvements, payment schedules, and termination provisions. Leasing agents usually do
not perform any property management activities.
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Historically, leasing agents engaged exclusively in the aforementioned activities have been assigned to Code
951. Leasing agents who, in addition to leasing activities, perform property management operations, such as the
direct supervision of employees engaged in the operation, maintenance or repair of properties, are assignable to
either Code 971 or Code 880.
Property Management Supervisors
Property management supervisors normally retain responsibility for several residential complexes, single-family
residences and/or commercial buildings. Such persons primarily perform administrative duties in the office of the
management firm but will also visit the various properties under management to ensure that the properties are
being adequately maintained. The job duties of these employees involve entering into contractual arrangements
with real estate property owners for the management of properties, obtaining new properties to be managed,
negotiating contracts with firms specializing in the maintenance, repair or alteration of properties, hiring and dismissal of resident or on-site managers, handling the financial arrangements of the property, preparing financial
reports, showing available space to potential tenants, renegotiating or extending leases, meeting with resident or
on-site managers to discuss problems or complaints, periodically inspecting the physical appearance of the
property to ensure that necessary maintenance and repair operations are being performed and to take note of
additional needed repairs.
Property management supervisors do not:
• reside at or work from the site of the properties under management
• directly supervise maintenance or repair employees
• directly supervise the operation of the property
Employees exclusively engaged in the above job duties may have their payroll assigned to Code 951.
OPERATIONS NOT INCLUDED:
1. The management or operation of all other types of real property is not subject to this Ruling and
Interpretation and shall be classified as provided elsewhere in this Manual.
REGULAR AND FREQUENT
In determining the classification assignment for an employee who may have (to varying degrees) multiple
operational exposures, the term "regular and frequent" has historically been used by the PCRB in evaluating the
duties of the employee(s) in question. The purpose of this R&I is to briefly (but not exhaustively) clarify the
PCRB's use and application of this classification assignment concept.
The word "regular" is defined as "usual, normal, customary, recurring at fixed times and periodic." The word
"frequent" is defined as "happening or occurring at short intervals, constant or habitual." The intent of the
PCRB's classification procedure is to assign the payroll of an employee having multiple occupational exposures
to that classification most consistent with the overall nature of that employee's exposure. The term "regular and
frequent" is a benchmark used to help determine whether exposure in a given occupational area is or is not
sufficient to warrant assignment of an employee to the Manual classification applicable to such exposure.
An employee need not actually work at a production machine in order to have their payroll assigned to the
appropriate basic production classification. If, in the course of performing their work, the employees' duties bring
them into regular and frequent contact with the production area, then that person's payroll would be assigned to
the appropriate basic production classification.
The above observation should not be construed to mean that any individual who ever steps into the plant or shop
area would automatically have their payroll assigned to the higher valued classification. The intent of the PCRB's
classification procedure is to be reasonable and fair in assigning the appropriate classification that reflects the
employee's job duties. Therefore, an employee who was temporarily engaged in a job duty beyond the
restrictive definition of the standard exception classifications on an infrequent or emergency basis would not
have their payroll assigned to the basic classification.
Please note that the existence of a portal door or window in a floor-to-ceiling partition to allow an interface
between employees, visitors or customers does not in and of itself invalidate the floor-to-ceiling partition.
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Some examples may further clarify these considerations:
• Employee X of ABC Corporation makes outside sales calls and visits prospective customers one day a
week every week. The employee will typically visit five to six customers. The other four days of the
week, Employee X works at ABC Corporation's offices handling administrative paperwork and other
clerical duties. Employee X's payroll would be allocated to Code 951, because this employee is
regularly (every week) and frequently (one day per week) engaged in outside sales duties away from
the premises.
• Employee X of ABC Corporation makes a trip to a sales convention for a week, two times a year. The
rest of the employee's duties keep Employee X working strictly in the company's corporate offices.
Employee X's payroll should be assigned to Code 953, as two sales convention trips a year should not
be construed as either regular or frequent.
.
• Employee Y of DEF Corporation spends about two hours (out of an eight-hour day) every day in the
production plant. Employee Y will go to each of the production areas of the plant and physically
observe and talk with foremen and workers at their machines to get feedback as to when a certain job
will be completed. Employee Y may also set up a complex job on a machine or do an emergency repair
during these two hours. Employee Y spends the other six hours of each day in an office handling
production scheduling, administrative paperwork, finances and management reports. Employee Y's
payroll would be assigned to the production plant's governing classification, as this employee is
regularly and frequently exposed to the production area, even though Employee Y does not actually
work on a production machine.
If this employee had spent only 10-to-15 minutes once or twice a week in the shop conferring with
foremen, greeting employees or had been called into the shop in case of an emergency with the rest of
their time spent in an office, then the payroll of Employee Y would be assigned to Code 953, as the
employee is not frequently in the shop.
The major points attempted to be made here are:
• Determining the amount of time an employee spends exposed to the operational hazards of the
business is extremely important.
• Determining the duties of an employee during that time may give a clearer picture of the extent of the
employee's duties.
As usual, the more involved in presenting and exploring a line of questioning, the more information comes to
light. With the benefit of such enhanced information, the auditor will more likely be able to make an informed
judgment on assignment of payroll.
RETAIL STORE WITH MANUFACTURING CONCERN
Where a retail outlet is located at the same or contiguous premises as a business' manufacturing facility, the
applicable retail store classification shall apply to the payroll of the retail outlet provided that such outlet is
operated in a work area physically separate from the business' other operations by a floor to ceiling partition and
by a separate crew of employees.
SELF-SERVICE GASOLINE STATIONS AND CONVENIENCE GROCERS
In classifying a combination self-service gasoline station and convenience grocer Code 917 shall apply at each
location when the sale of merchandise, other than gasoline, exceeds 10% of the total annual receipts for the
location.
Self-service gasoline stations exclusively engaged in the retail sale of gasoline or where the cashier may also
sell items such as cigarettes and/or snack food only shall be assigned to Code 816 .
SHOP REPAIR OPERATIONS
Risks having shop operations that involve the repair of a product for which there is no repair classification are to
be assigned to the classification that applies to the manufacture of the product, unless such repair work is
specifically referred to by another classification phraseology, footnote or definition in the Manual.
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SKI RESORTS
A ski resort is a multiple enterprise and the appropriate classification shall be assigned to each of the various
operations thereof provided each operation is separately staffed and there is no interchange of employees.
Examples of ski resort operations and the applicable classification are listed below:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Assign Code 969 to payroll developed in all skiing, snowboarding or snow tubing operations including
but not necessarily limited to: the operation of the ski lifts, T-bar, rope tows, snow grooming, operating
artificial snow-making machinery, the maintenance of roads or equipment, the transporting of customers
to slopes, ski patrols, ski instructors, ticket checkers or sellers, the maintaining of building facilities,
security personnel, and parking lot attendants (not for hotel).
Assign Code 928 to the operation of shops renting skis, toboggans, boots, poles or other skiing
equipment or supplies or engaged in the sale of such merchandise or ski clothing.
Assign Code 973 to all payroll developed in the operations of hotel --- facilities. Please refer to the
General Auditing & Classification Information entry for “Hotel or Motel Operations” for the scope of the
Code 973 assignment.
Payroll developed in the operation of restaurants and/or bar facilities shall be classified as discussed
below. If the ski resort includes hotel facilities, payroll developed in the restaurant and/or bar
operation(s) shall be assigned to Code 945. Please refer to the General Auditing & Classification Information
entry for “Hotel or Motel Operations” for the scope of the Code 945 assignment. Assign the applicable restaurant
classification in the event the ski resort operates restaurant and/or bar facilities and does not have hotel
facilities. For further information please refer to the class descriptions of the different restaurant
classifications (e.g., Codes 897, 975) in Section 2 of this Manual.
Assign Code 981 to payroll developed in slot machine gambling operations when conducted in a
physically separate department by a separate staff.
Assign Code 953 to employees engaged in clerical office duties, as defined in Section 1 of this Manual,
and having no other regular duty in the course of their employment.
SNOW PLOWING AND/OR REMOVAL
Assign the employer’s governing classification to payroll developed in snow plowing and/or removal for unrelated
concerns.
TRUCK STOPS
A truck stop establishment is a multiple enterprise, and the appropriate classification shall be assigned to each of
the various operations thereof provided each operation is separately staffed and is conducted in a physically
separate work area. The exact nature of each of the truck stop's operations will direct which classification to
assign. The more common truck stop operations and the assignable class for each are delineated below:
1.
Code 816 is for payroll developed by fuel attendants engaged in pumping gasoline or diesel fuel or
to personnel who work exclusively on a fuel island adding or changing motor oil, checking the air in
tires and performing related duties. Fuel attendants may also accept payment for fuel or motor oil
sales.
2.
Code 815 is assignable to personnel engaged in the repair of automobiles or trucks. A truck stop
may have separate automobile and truck repair bays.
3.
Code 973 is assignable to the payroll of chambermaids or related personnel engaged in the upkeep
of motel rooms.
4.
Code 928 is assignable to gift shop and/or retail store personnel. The merchandise sold may include
but is not necessarily limited to: men's or women's clothing, CB radios, gifts, greeting cards, toilet
articles, health or beauty aids, books, newspapers or magazines.
Payroll developed in the operation of a restaurant, when conducted in a physically separate department and by a
separate crew of employees, including preparing or serving food or beverages, washing dishes or receiving
payment for meals or beverages, shall be assigned to the applicable restaurant classification. Please refer to the
descriptions of Codes 897 and 975 in Section 2 for further information.
Control desk cashiers' duties include but are not necessarily limited to: operating self-serve fuel pump controls,
writing invoices for fuel or motor oil sales or vehicle repairs, receiving cash or credit payment for fuel sales or
trucking operating permits, receiving or transmitting telegrams or receiving telegram money transfers, accepting
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payment for store merchandise or selling lottery tickets. Employees engaged as control desk cashiers may be
assigned to Code 928 provided the control desk is located inside the truck stop store. In the event the control.
desk is located in an enclosed booth located on a fuel island or in an area contiguous thereto the payroll of the
control desk cashiers shall be assigned to Code 816.
Additional classifications may be extended to a truck stop in the event a truck stop conducts additional separately
staffed and located operations not listed in this General Auditing & Classification Information entry.
VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENTS AND/OR VOLUNTEER FIRE COMPANIES –
WORKERS’ COMPENSATION INSURANCE OPTIONS
In Pennsylvania the municipality in which a volunteer fire department(s) and/or volunteer fire company(ies) is
based is generally construed to be the statutory employer of the members of the volunteer fire department or
volunteer fire company who perform the services of a volunteer firefighter, and for that reason it has been the
practice for the municipality in which the volunteer fire department(s) and/or volunteer fire company(ies) is based
to provide workers’ compensation insurance coverage for such members. The Department of Labor and Industry
(Department) has rendered a written opinion on whether a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire
company may be separately insured pursuant to the Department’s review of the Pennsylvania Workers’
Compensation Act (Act), Section 601 (a)(1), and the interpretative case law thereon. The Department’s opinion
states that there is nothing in the language of the Act or the case law accompanying Section 601 (a)(1) that
indicates a volunteer fire department and/or company would be prohibited from obtaining a workers’
compensation policy separate from that of the municipality in which it is based. In other words, in the
Department’s opinion a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company may purchase a workers’
compensation insurance policy that is separate from the workers’ compensation policy of the municipality in
which it is based. The Department’s opinion also states that the above analysis applies to volunteer ambulance
corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squads, because there is no language in Section 601 (a)(2) or (a)(3) of
the Act or in the case law thereon that prohibits a volunteer ambulance corps or a volunteer rescue or lifesaving
squad from obtaining workers’ compensation insurance separate from the municipality in which it is based.
.
The classification applicable to a separate workers’ compensation insurance policy purchased by a volunteer fire
department and/or volunteer fire company for volunteers/members covered by such policy would be Code 994.
The classification applicable to a separate workers’ compensation insurance policy purchased for the volunteers/
members of a volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad would be Code 993.
If an entity (typically a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company) provides fire, ambulance or
rescue and lifesaving squad services in combination and that entity purchases a single, separate workers’
compensation policy, then each service provided must be separately classified. In such instances the applicable
classifications for the single, separate workers’ compensation policy would be both Codes 993 and 994.
If an entity (again typically a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company) has a policy for its
employees (e.g., bartenders for a social club or food servers and/or bartenders for a banquet hall), Code 993
and/or Code 994 may be added to that policy for the coverage of the volunteer firefighters and/or volunteer
ambulance corps and/or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad persons.
Where the firefighting service is provided by a combination of volunteer firefighters and paid firefighters insured
by a policy purchased by the municipality in which the volunteer fire department or volunteer fire company and
the paid firefighters are based, the municipality’s volunteer firefighting premium is prorated pursuant to the
procedure delineated in the Section 2 rating value listing pages. The volunteer firefighting premium charge shall
be prorated in the same manner in the event a policy separate from the municipality’s policy is purchased for the
(Code 994) volunteer fire fighting exposure. When ambulance or rescue lifesaving service is provided by an
independent, non-municipal entity staffed by a combination of paid ambulance, rescue or lifesaving persons and
volunteer ambulance, rescue or lifesaving persons, assign Code 807 to the payroll of the paid ambulance,
rescue or lifesaving persons and Code 993 for the volunteers. The Code 993 per corps premium shall be
prorated in the same manner cited above for firefighting service provided by the combination of volunteer
firefighters and paid firefighters.
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THE MUNICIPALITY IN WHICH A VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT AND/OR
VOLUNTEER FIRE COMPANY IS BASED WILL GENERALLY BE CONSTRUED
TO REMAIN THE VOLUNTEERS’ STATUTORY EMPLOYER
In the event that a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company does not purchase a separate
workers’ compensation policy for its volunteers/members or in the event that such separately purchased policy
lapses, is canceled or otherwise ceases to be effective for any reason, then the municipality in which the
volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company is based should secure workers’ compensation
insurance coverage for the volunteer fire department’s and/or volunteer fire company’s volunteers/members.
This same provision would also apply to volunteer ambulance corps or rescue or lifesaving squads.
The Bureau expresses no opinion as to the potential liability of a municipality for workers’ compensation benefits
or otherwise to members of a volunteer fire company, ambulance corps or rescue or lifesaving squad when there
exists separate workers’ compensation coverage for such members pursuant to another entity’s insurance.
MUNICIPALITY IN WHICH A VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT
AND/OR VOLUNTEER FIRE COMPANY IS BASED DEFINED
The term “the municipality in which the volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company is based” shall
be defined as any incorporated political subdivision of the Commonwealth smaller than a county (e.g., city,
borough, township or town) wherein a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company is headquartered.
This definition also applies to volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squads.
In the event of a merger of two or more previously separate volunteer fire departments and/or volunteer fire
companies garaged in two or more separately incorporated political subdivisions, the municipality in which a
volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company is based shall be that participating incorporated political
subdivision designated by the parties as the headquarters of the new, merged volunteer fire departments and/or
volunteer fire companies. This procedure also applies to merged volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue
or lifesaving squads.
SUMMARY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR AND INDUSTRY’S (DEPARTMENT) OPINION
The following is a summary of the Department’s opinion, and it is based in part on discussions with the
Department after the Department issued the opinion. You should not rely on this summary as advice concerning
the legal obligation of a person to maintain workers’ compensation coverage.
The Pennsylvania Compensation Rating Bureau has asked the Department for an opinion with respect
to whether a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company may obtain workers’ compensation
coverage as an actual employer separate from the coverage of the municipality in which the volunteer fire
department and/or volunteer fire company is based. A second issue is whether a volunteer ambulance corps or
a volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad may also pursue workers’ compensation coverage separate from the
municipality in which it is based. In the Department’s opinion a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire
company or a volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad may separately obtain workers’
compensation insurance as an employer independently from the municipality in which it is based.
There is nothing in the language of the Act or the case law accompanying Section 601 (a)(1) of the Act
that indicates a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company would be prohibited (emphasis in the
original) from obtaining workers’ compensation coverage separate from the municipality in which such
department or company is based. The Commonwealth Court in one case sets forth that “volunteer fire fighters
may have two employers for the purposes of the Act, the actual employer under whose supervision the fireman
was working at the time of injury, and the statutory employer, i.e. the municipality upon whom rests the
responsibility for providing workmen’s compensation benefits under Section 601.” Temple v. Milmont Fire Co.,
525 A.2d 848, 850 (PA Cmwlth. 1987). Even though Temple does not require a volunteer fire department to
obtain workers’ compensation insurance separate from the municipality in which it is based, it certainly does not
prohibit the volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company from doing so as an employer. See id.
The same analysis applies to volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving squads – no
language in the Act or in the case law accompanying Section 601 (a)(2) or (a)(3) prohibits (emphasis in the
original) a volunteer ambulance corps or a volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad from attempting to obtain
workers’ compensation insurance separate from the municipality in which such corps or squad is based. The
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only indication the Department found that a volunteer ambulance corps or a volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad
and a volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire company would be treated differently in some respect is
found in Scrima v. Swissvale Area Emergency Services, 599 A.2d 301 (Pa Cmwlth. 1991). The Commonwealth
Court in Scrima declined to expand the rule that volunteer fire department and/or volunteer fire companies are
entitled to governmental immunity to include volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or lifesaving
squads.1 However, the fact that governmental immunity cannot be applied to a volunteer ambulance corps or a
volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad does not prohibit the volunteer ambulance corps or the volunteer rescue or
lifesaving squad from obtaining workers’ compensation separate from the workers’ compensation coverage of
the municipality in which the volunteer ambulance corps or the volunteer rescue or lifesaving squad is based. It
may even provide an additional argument in support of why a volunteer ambulance corps or a volunteer rescue
or lifesaving squad should be permitted to obtain workers’ compensation insurance coverage separate and apart
from that of the municipality in which they are based. If the volunteer ambulance corps or volunteer rescue or
lifesaving squad does not have governmental immunity, having separate workers’ compensation coverage could
give it an additional layer of protection against liability.
WHOLESALE/RETAIL MAIL ORDER HOUSE OR INTERNET SALES - DEFINITIONS
Wholesale
For the purposes of classifying stores the term "wholesale" shall be construed to mean the selling of
merchandise:
1.
to retailers;
2.
to manufacturers, builders or contractors;
3.
to industrial, agricultural, commercial, governmental, institutional or professional users;
4.
to other wholesalers; or
5.
to firms acting as agents in buying merchandise for or selling merchandise to such persons or
companies as those previously listed.
Wholesale store operations generally include the maintenance of warehouse inventories; delivery and the
promoting of sales through utilization of an outside sales force and/or by telephone or fax. Many but not all
wholesalers may also perform the physical assembling, sorting and grading of their goods; the breaking of bulk
quantities and repackaging into smaller lots. A wholesaler may also have a sales counter where a walk-in
customer's order may be written up and payment for merchandise made. The counter clerk may transmit the
order to the warehouse or the customer may take the order to the warehouse for fulfillment.
Mail Order House Or Internet Sales
An enterprise principally (more than 50 percent of the gross receipts) engaged in selling by mail order or by
telephone by means of a catalogue mailed to customers and/or via Internet website shall be assigned to the
appropriate wholesale store classification for the commodities handled, except for mail order pharmacies filling
individual patient drug prescriptions which shall be assigned to Code 927. Mail, telephone order or Internet sales
by a manufacturer or incidental to a retail store business shall be classified in accordance with the class or
classes appropriate to the business of the employer.
Retail
For purposes of classifying stores the term "Retail" shall be construed to mean the selling of displayed
merchandise in store-type premises where floor and/or counter salespersons assist customers or on a selfservice basis to the general public for personal or household consumption or use. Warehouse operations
incident to the retail store enterprise shall be assigned to the enterprise's appropriate retail store classification.
The Court in Temple reiterated the holding in Zern v. Muldoon, 516 A.2d 799 (Pa. Cmwlth. 1986) and Wilson v.
Dravosburg Volunteer Fire Department, 516 A.2d 100 (Pa Cmwlth. 1986) that volunteer fire department and/or
volunteer fire companies are “local agencies” entitled to governmental immunity under 42 Pa. C. S. 8541. See
Temple, 525 A. 2d at 851.
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The appropriate retail store class shall also be assigned when the insured, while technically a wholesaler,
operates primarily in a retail manner. The customers will generally be commercial or professional users. "Retail
manner" means such insured will have a large merchandise display area, customers may walk up and down the
display aisles, inspect the merchandise being offered for sale, place their selections into either a shopping basket
or shopping cart and will make payment for their selections at a customer checkout lane. The employer's single
largest group(s) of employees are floor or counter salespersons assisting customers or performing customer
checkout.
(The act of collecting a sales tax on merchandise sold is not a factor in defining a retail store and has no bearing
upon determining the business' classification assignment.)
WRECKING OR DEMOLITION OR BUILDING MOVING OR RAISING PROJECT
All work to completion at a wrecking or demolition or a building moving or raising site shall be assigned to one of
the following classifications:
1.
Code 651 – Applicable to wooden buildings or structures including those designed for residential
occupancy and interior stripping/gutting.
2.
Code 654 – Applicable to concrete or concrete encased buildings or structures.
3.
Code 655 – Applicable to iron or steel buildings or structures.
4.
Code 653 – Applicable to masonry buildings or structures.
5.
Code 611 – Applicable to piers or wharfs.
The classification with the highest rating value applies where wrecking or demolition or building moving or raising
involves a building or structure of more than one type of construction.
All wrecking or demolition or building moving or raising work not specifically described above shall be assigned
by analogy to one of the classifications designated above. No other classification is applicable.
Secondhand material businesses at a separate location with no interchange of employees shall be assigned to
the appropriate scrap metal dealer classification based on whether the dealer is principally engaged in handling
ferrous or nonferrous scrap metal. Assign ferrous scrap dealers to Code 858 and assign nonferrous scrap
dealers to Code 859. Assign Code 860 to secondhand materials dealers who do not have a principal line of
merchandise.
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COAL MINES
The application of Coal Mine classifications, loss costs, underwriting rules and experience rating is
under the jurisdiction of the Coal Mine Compensation Rating Bureau of Pennsylvania, 300 North Second
Street, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17101.
The following Coal Mine classifications are shown as a matter of convenience:
Coal Mine Classifications
1010
1001
1012
1014
1469
1015
1018
Anthracite Mining.
Bituminous Mining.
Surface and Culm–Anthracite.
Surface and Culm–Bituminous.
Coke.
Auger Mining–Surface.
Truck Delivery of Coal by Mine Operators
These classifications available only on assignment by the Coal Mine Compensation Rating Bureau.
1025
1027
Anthracite Prep Plant.
Bituminous Prep Plant.
Occupational Disease Classifications
1011
0160
1002
0158
1016
0153
1013
0156
1017
0154
1019
0157
1011
1002
1016
1013
0164
0159
Anthracite Deep Mining.
Anthracite Deep Mining (FEDERAL).
Bituminous Deep Mining.
Bituminous Deep Mining (FEDERAL).
Surface and Culm–Anthracite.
Surface and Culm–Anthracite (FEDERAL).
Surface and Culm–Bituminous
Surface and Culm–Bituminous (FEDERAL).
Coke.
Coke.(FEDERAL).
Auger Mining–Surface.
Auger Mining–Surface (FEDERAL).
Truck Delivery of Coal–Anthracite Mining.
Truck Delivery of Coal–Bituminous Mining.
Truck Delivery of Coal–Anthracite Surface.
Truck Delivery of Coal–Bituminous Surface.
For Reporting Disease Experience in connection with any classification other than coal
mining for insureds having liability under the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act.
Former Coal Mine Operators.
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1026
0183
1028
0184
Anthracite Prep Plant.
Anthracite Prep Plant (FEDERAL).
Bituminous Prep Plant.
Bituminous Prep Plant (FEDERAL).
Co-Generation Fuel Recovery Anthracite
1021
1022
0181
Traumatic
State O.D.
Federal O.D.
Co-Generation Fuel Recovery Bituminous
1023
1024
0182
Traumatic
State O.D.
Federal O.D.
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CLASSIFICATION UNDERWRITING GUIDE
The Pennsylvania Classification Underwriting Guide has been prepared for the convenience of writers of
Workers Compensation Insurance in Pennsylvania. The Guide lists activities of Pennsylvania employers and the
appropriate classification code number for these operations. It should be noted, however, that these designated
codes may be used only in conformance with the general and specific rules of this Manual. If the operations to be
insured are not described by one or more classifications, the exact operations shall be stated in the policy,
followed by the code number of the Manual classification to which the operations have been assigned. In such
cases, the policy shall be controlled by all the limitations and conditions included in this Manual with respect to
any classification whose code number is so assigned.
Unlike a number of other jurisdictions, the Pennsylvania classification system contemplates that a single
classification shall be descriptive of all work performed by one employer. Necessarily, there are permissible
deviations from that basic premise. The permitted deviations are printed in this Manual either under Section 1
(which formulates general underwriting procedures) or in Section 2 (which is specific as to the use of each
classification).
Therefore, in the use of this Underwriting Guide, absolute dependence may not be placed on the indicated
classification if other classifications are also to be used for the same employer.
If the Underwriting Guide is used within the limits of these inherent restrictions, it is believed that it will provide a
more universal comprehension of the Pennsylvania classification system and, consequently, be a valuable factor
in the assignment of proper classifications.
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Abrasive Paper Or Cloth Preparation
..................................................................................255
Abrasive Shape Mfg.
.................................................................................................513
Abrasive Wheel Mfg.
.................................................................................................513
Academic Costumes Mfg. - Caps And Gowns
.............................................................................161
Academic Tutoring Service By Independent Provider
...................................................................965
Accordion Door Mfg. - Fabric Or Plastic - No Woodworking ..............................................................163
Accounting Firm
......................................................................................................962
Acetylene Gas Machine Installation
..................................................................................675
Acetylene Gas Mfg.......................................................................................................553
Acetylene Torch Mfg.
.................................................................................................445
Acid Mfg.
...........................................................................................................551
Acoustical Ceiling Installation - Suspended Grid Type...................................................................649
Acoustical Insulation Material Installation.............................................................................647
Acrylic Embedments Mfg..................................................................................................502
Adding Machine Mfg.
.................................................................................................483
Adding Machine Repair - Shop Or Field ..................................................................................952
Adhesives Mfg.
......................................................................................................563
Adjuster, Insurance - By Independent Contractor ........................................................................951
Adjuster, Insurance Company ............................................................................................984
Adult Day Center ......................................................................................................976
Advertisements - Filming Or Video Production Or Audio Recording Of Radio Or Television Commercials......................936
Advertising - Distributing Circulars Or Samples - Not In Stores.........................................................951
Advertising - Mailing Or Addressing Of Advertising Literature .........................................................948
Advertising Company - Outdoor
.......................................................................................679
Advertising Display Card Service - Installation Or Removal Of, In Or On Vehicles
.....................................951
Advertising Display Service - For Stores
.............................................................................951
Advertising Sign Mfg., Erection And Repair, Not Outdoor Advertising Company
..........................................673
Advertising Signs Mfg., No Off-Premises Repair Or Erection - Classify According To Materials Used......................---Advisory Rating Organization - Clerical Office ........................................................................953
Advisory Rating Organization - Field Representative ...................................................................951
Aerial Patrol Or Photography
.......................................................................................7424
Aerobics Studio
......................................................................................................884
Aerosol Can Filling, By Contractor
..................................................................................923
Agate Or Enamel Ware Mfg.
............................................................................................454
Aggregates Dealer ......................................................................................................855
Agricultural Chemical Mfg. ............................................................................................551
Agricultural Implement Dealer - Other Than Farm Machinery ..............................................................926
Agricultural Pesticide Mfg. ............................................................................................551
Agricultural Tools Mfg..................................................................................................433
Air Conditioner Cover Mfg. ............................................................................................163
Air Conditioner Or Air Conditioner Equipment Mfg. - Home Window Unit Or Central Air, Commercial Or Industrial
.......456
Air Conditioning (Central) Systems Installation, Repair Or Service ....................................................664
Air Conditioning Systems, Automobile Or Truck Installation, Service Or Repair ..........................................815
Air Conditioning Window-Type Units - Service Or Repair
..............................................................662
Air Conditioning: Non-Portable, Air Flow Testing And Balancing - By Specialist Contractor
...........................955
Air Filter Mfg. - All Types ............................................................................................257
Aircraft Cleaning - Including Specialist Contractor ...................................................................7428
Aircraft Conversion Or Modification - Not By The Original Aircraft Manufacturer
.....................................7428
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Aircraft Engine Mfg. Or Repair, Shop Only .............................................................................461
Aircraft Flight Testing
............................................................................................7424
Aircraft Fueling Or Refueling - Including By Specialist Contractor ....................................................7428
Aircraft Instrument Mfg. (Not Radio Or Radar)
........................................................................488
Aircraft Mfg............................................................................................................744
Aircraft Operation - Agricultural
..................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Air Cargo Carrier
.............................................................................7405
Aircraft Operation - Air Taxi
.......................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Commuter Air Carrier .............................................................................7413
Aircraft Operation - Commuter Air Carrier - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element ..........................................7453
Aircraft Operation - Crop Dusting, Seeding Or Spraying
..............................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Forest Fire Fighting, Spotting And Observation....................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Ground Employees..................................................................................7428
Aircraft Operation - Mapping Or Survey Work
........................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Patrol............................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Personnel Transport .............................................................................7421
Aircraft Operation - Photography.......................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Scheduled Air Carrier.............................................................................7405
Aircraft Operation - Scheduled And Supplemental Air Carrier - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element
......................7445
Aircraft Operation - Sightseeing.......................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Skywriting Advertising
........................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Stunt Flying
..................................................................................7424
Aircraft Operation - Supplemental Air Carrier ........................................................................7405
Aircraft Operation, N.O.C. ............................................................................................7424
Aircraft Propeller Mfg. - Metal .......................................................................................446
Aircraft Propeller Mfg. - Wood
.......................................................................................441
Aircraft Radio Or Transmitting Equipment Mfg.
........................................................................485
Aircraft Sales Agency - Flight Operations .............................................................................7424
Aircraft Seat Surcharge
............................................................................................9108
Aircraft Service And Repair............................................................................................7428
Aircraft Trade School, Except Flying School.............................................................................965
Airport Construction, Paving - Landing Strip Or Warming Apron .........................................................601
Airport Construction, Paving Of Automobile Parking Areas ..............................................................608
Airport Hangar Operation
............................................................................................7428
Airport Operation - Groundmen
.......................................................................................7428
Airport Parking Facility (Including Valet Service To And From Airport) Operation By Contractor
......................825
Airport Runway Construction - Paving Or Repaving........................................................................601
Airport Runway Or Warming Apron Construction - Sub-surface Work.........................................................609
Alarm Or Sound System Installation
..................................................................................660
Alcohol And/Or Drug Residential Facility Licensed As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility ................................958
Alcohol/Drug - Halfway House - Not Licensed As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility .....................................986
Alcoholic Beverage Blending Or Bottling, Non-Carbonated
..............................................................924
Alcoholic Beverage Bottling - Carbonated
.............................................................................112
Alcoholic Beverage Distilling
.......................................................................................113
Alkali Mfg. ...........................................................................................................551
Altimeter Mfg.
......................................................................................................488
Alum Mfg.
...........................................................................................................551
Aluminum Awning Erection
............................................................................................651
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Aluminum Awning Erection - Residential..................................................................................652
Aluminum Awning Mfg.
.................................................................................................456
Aluminum Castings Mfg. .................................................................................................447
Aluminum Die Castings Mfg. ............................................................................................429
Aluminum Extruded Products Mfg. .......................................................................................403
Aluminum Ingots And Primary Production Shapes From Bauxite/Alumina ....................................................402
Aluminum Railings Mfg. .................................................................................................413
Aluminum Scrap Metal Dealers (Other Than Beverage Cans)
..............................................................859
Aluminum Siding Installation............................................................................................651
Aluminum Siding Installation - Residential .............................................................................652
Aluminum Storm Sash Installation .......................................................................................651
Aluminum Storm Sash Installation - Residential ........................................................................652
Aluminum Storm Sash Mfg.
............................................................................................454
Aluminum Venetian Blind Mfg.............................................................................................456
Aluminum Ware Mfg. - From Sheet Aluminum
.............................................................................454
Aluminum Ware Mfg., Cast
............................................................................................447
Amateur Sports Training Facility (e.g., Basketball, Ice Hockey, Boxing) Not Professional Or Semiprofessional Sports
..968
Ambulance Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased Chassis.................451
Ambulance Corps - Volunteer ............................................................................................993
Ambulance Service - Non-Volunteer.......................................................................................807
Ammonia Mfg. ...........................................................................................................553
Ammunition Mfg. ......................................................................................................4771
Amplifier Mfg.
......................................................................................................485
Amusement Device Operator - Traveling ..................................................................................939
Amusement Park
......................................................................................................969
Amusements, Indoor - See Entry By Topical Name ........................................................................968
Amusements, Outdoor - See Entry By Topical Name ........................................................................969
Analytical Chemical Firm
............................................................................................955
Anfo Mfg.
...........................................................................................................4777
Anhydrous Ammonia Dealer
............................................................................................809
Anhydrous Ammonia Mfg. .................................................................................................553
Aniline Dye Mfg. ......................................................................................................551
Animal And Marine Fat And Oil Mfg.
..................................................................................114
Animal Oil Mfg.
......................................................................................................114
Animal Raising - Egg Production, Fish Hatcheries, Hogs, Poultry Or Veal ...............................................0034
Animal Raising - Non-Farm Domestic Animals .............................................................................959
Animal Rendering Works, N.O.C.
.......................................................................................114
Anodizing Metals ......................................................................................................449
Answering Machine (Telephone) Repair ..................................................................................952
Antenna Mfg. ...........................................................................................................485
Anthracite Culm Recovery - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual .........................................................---Antique Furniture Dealer - Retail.......................................................................................922
Antique Store, Other Than Furniture - Retail
........................................................................928
Anvil Mfg. - Forged
.................................................................................................431
Apartment House Or Condominium Complex Operation........................................................................880
Apparel Mfg. ...........................................................................................................161
Apparel Mfg. - Temporary Staff
.......................................................................................191
Apple Cider Or Juice Mfg.
............................................................................................113
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Applesauce Mfg.
......................................................................................................113
Appliance Mfg., Major Household Or For Commercial Establishments, Kitchen Or Laundry
................................456
Appliance Parts Dealer .................................................................................................926
Appliances, Major Household Or Commercial, Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
.....................................662
Arboretum - Open To Public Exhibition ..................................................................................969
Archery Range - Outdoor.................................................................................................969
Architectural Bronze, Iron, And Brass Metal Work, Erection Only.........................................................658
Architectural Firm, Supervising Or Consulting
........................................................................905
Architectural Or Ornamental Iron Work Mfg. .............................................................................413
Architectural Scale Model Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor ..............................................................441
Arena Operation - Indoor - By Contractor Or Owner
...................................................................971
Armature Mfg............................................................................................................477
Armored Motor Truck Delivery............................................................................................808
Arms Mfg., Excluding Ammunition Mfg. ..................................................................................445
Army/Navy Store - Retail
............................................................................................928
Aromatic Chemical Mfg. In Petroleum Refinery
........................................................................581
Art Conservation, Preservation Or Restoration - By Specialist Contractor ...............................................955
Art Gallery ...........................................................................................................928
Artificial Christmas Tree Mfg.
.......................................................................................457
Artificial Insemination Of Animals
..................................................................................959
Artificial Leather Mfg..................................................................................................227
Artificial Limb Mfg.
.................................................................................................459
Artificial Marble Products Mfg. .......................................................................................222
Artificial Silk Spinning And Weaving ..................................................................................132
Artificial Teeth Mfg. .................................................................................................489
Artificial Turf Installation - By Contractor
........................................................................012
Arts And Crafts Store - Retail
.......................................................................................928
Asbestos - Encapsulation Or Removal (Not Pipe Insulation) ..............................................................651
Asbestos Cement Products Mfg.
.......................................................................................509
Asbestos Encapsulation Or Removal (A Pipe Surface)
...................................................................663
Asbestos Goods Mfg.
.................................................................................................509
Asbestos Paper Mfg.
.................................................................................................509
Asbestos Spinning Or Weaving............................................................................................509
Asbestos Supplemental Disease Loading..................................................................................0133
Ash Collecting
......................................................................................................995
Asphalt Laying, Driveway, Floor, Yard, Sidewalk ........................................................................608
Asphalt Laying, On Constructed Highway By Contractor ...................................................................601
Asphalt Laying, On Constructed Highway By Supplier
...................................................................601
Asphalt Mixing Plant - Operated By Dealer .............................................................................855
Asphalt Road Spraying .................................................................................................601
Assaying - By Specialist Contractor
..................................................................................955
Assembled Millwork Mfg..................................................................................................305
Athletic Parks Operation
............................................................................................969
Athletic Team, Professional Or Semiprofessional ........................................................................970
Athletics, Organized
.................................................................................................970
Atomic Energy Radiation Exposure, N.O.C. .............................................................................9985
Atomizing Molten Nonferrous Metal.......................................................................................403
Attendant Care Services.................................................................................................972
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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Attorney - Independent Contractor.......................................................................................956
Auction - Classify To Appropriate Retail Store Class Based On Merchandise Mix (Not Automobile)-Including Auctioneers ..---Auction, Automobile (Including Snack Bar Or Restaurant, Automobile Auctioneers To Be Assigned To Code 819) ............820
Auctioneer, Automobile .................................................................................................819
Auctioneer, Livestock .................................................................................................801
Auctioneer, Not Livestock, No Permanent Location........................................................................951
Audio And Intercommunication System Installation - Within Buildings ....................................................660
Audio Compact Disc Duplicating
.......................................................................................487
Audio/Video Equipment Dealer - Wholesale
.............................................................................926
Audio/Video Equipment Repair............................................................................................966
Audio/Video Equipment Store - Retail ..................................................................................925
Auditing Firm - Financial (Not An Independent Insurance Traveling Auditing Firm)
.....................................962
Auditor (Insurance Company), Traveling..................................................................................984
Auditor, Insurance - Traveling - Independent Contractor
..............................................................951
Auto Parts Dealer - Wholesale
.......................................................................................934
Autoclave Mfg., Industrial ............................................................................................415
Automatic Screw Machine Products Mfg. ..................................................................................445
Automatic Sprinkler Installation .......................................................................................663
Automatic Sprinkler Mfg.
............................................................................................445
Automatic Stoker, Gas Or Oil Burner Installation........................................................................663
Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) - Installation, Service Or Repair
....................................................933
Automatic Temperature Control Mfg.
..................................................................................488
Automobile Accessory Store ............................................................................................934
Automobile Auction (Including Snack Bar Or Restaurant, Automobile Auctioneers To Be Assigned To Code 819)
............820
Automobile Battery Mfg..................................................................................................475
Automobile Body Mfg., Except Plastic Body Molding
...................................................................451
Automobile Body Repairing
............................................................................................815
Automobile Bumper Mfg. .................................................................................................435
Automobile Bus Operation, School Bus ..................................................................................804
Automobile Convertible Top Mfg. - Fabric Or Vinyl, No Installation ....................................................166
Automobile Dealer - New And/Or Used Cars
.............................................................................818
Automobile Dismantler .................................................................................................815
Automobile Driveaway Service, For Transportation of Private Clients' Cars...............................................808
Automobile Driver School
............................................................................................819
Automobile Engine Or Engine Part Mfg. ..................................................................................461
Automobile Filling Station - Retail - Including Repair Work
.........................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Automobile Haulaway Or Driveaway Service, Driving Cars On Or Off Vessels...............................................7317F
Automobile Hauler ......................................................................................................811
Automobile Horn Mfg., Electric
.......................................................................................473
Automobile Jack Mfg.
.................................................................................................461
Automobile Laundry......................................................................................................816
Automobile Mfg.
......................................................................................................463
Automobile Paint Shop .................................................................................................815
Automobile Parts Mfg. - Produced By Machining - N.O.C.
..............................................................461
Automobile Parts Mfg., Miscellaneous Stamped Parts
...................................................................454
Automobile Parts Store .................................................................................................934
Automobile Radiator Mfg.
............................................................................................454
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Automobile Radiator Repair Shop .......................................................................................815
Automobile Radio Or Telephone Installation .............................................................................966
Automobile Rental - No Drivers
.......................................................................................818
Automobile Rental Company With Drivers (Limousine Service)..............................................................817
Automobile Repair Shop .................................................................................................815
Automobile Repossessing, By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................954
Automobile Seat Cover Installation And/Or Seat Upholstering
.........................................................327
Automobile Seat Cover Mfg. - No Installation
........................................................................166
Automobile Service Station - Retail - Gasoline Sales And Repair Work
...............................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Automobile Spring Mfg. .................................................................................................435
Automobile Storage Garage
............................................................................................825
Automobile Top Installation, Fabric Or Vinyl
........................................................................327
Automobile Towing Company
............................................................................................815
Automobile Truck Mfg. .................................................................................................463
Automobile Wheel Mfg. .................................................................................................454
Automobile, Truck Or Trailer Body Mfg. - Temporary Staff ..............................................................495
Automotive Alternator Or Generator Mfg. Or Repair
...................................................................473
Automotive Lighting, Ignition Or Starting Apparatus Mfg. ..............................................................473
Automotive Machine Shops - No Work On Cars - e.g., Cylinder Reboring, Valve Grinding Or Turning Down Brake Drums .......461
Automotive Wire Harness Assembly .......................................................................................471
Auxiliary Police ......................................................................................................985
Awning Erection Or Installation (Cloth)
.............................................................................681
Awning Mfg. - Cloth
.................................................................................................166
Awning Mfg. - Metal, No Erection .......................................................................................456
Awning Or Tent Mfg.
.................................................................................................166
Axe Handle Mfg.
......................................................................................................306
Axe Mfg.................................................................................................................433
Baby Blanket, Crib Linen Mfg.
.......................................................................................163
Bacon (Side And/Or Sliced) Mfg. .......................................................................................106
Bag Loading, Explosives
............................................................................................4771
Bag Mfg. - Fabric Or Bulk Materials
..................................................................................166
Bag Mfg. - Plastic......................................................................................................222
Bag Mfg., Traveling
.................................................................................................205
Bag Renovating, Textile Fabrics .......................................................................................166
Bagel Shop, Production And/Or Selling On Premises - Retail..............................................................918
Bakery - Wholesale......................................................................................................105
Bakery Products Distribution
.......................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Bakery Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises - Retail
..............................................................918
Baking Powder Mfg.......................................................................................................104
Balcony Erection ......................................................................................................658
Balcony Mfg. ...........................................................................................................413
Ball Bearing Mfg. ......................................................................................................467
Ball Mfg. - Sporting Goods - Inflatable Plastic Beach Type..............................................................163
Ball Or Dart Throwing At Targets .......................................................................................969
Ball Point Pen Mfg.
.................................................................................................459
Ballast Mfg. - Fluorescent Lights.......................................................................................473
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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Balloon Dealer - Wholesale ............................................................................................924
Balloon Mfg. - Rubber - Advertising And Toy.............................................................................225
Banana Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................907
Banister Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................413
Banister, Railing, Or Guard Erection - Metal
........................................................................658
Bank
................................................................................................................988
Banner Mfg. ...........................................................................................................163
Bar.....................................................................................................................899
Bar Or Restaurant Supply Dealer (Other Than Beverages, Groceries Or Meat)...............................................924
Barber Or Beauty Parlor Supply House - That Operates In A Retail Manner ...............................................928
Barber Or Beauty Parlor Supply House - Wholesale........................................................................924
Barber Shop ...........................................................................................................977
Bark Peeling In Veneer Mill ............................................................................................305
Bark Peeling, In Paper Mill ............................................................................................255
Barking Mill ...........................................................................................................301
Barrel Dealer - No Mfg..................................................................................................924
Barrel Dealer, Including Repairing - Wood .............................................................................305
Barrel Or Drum Mfg. - Metal ............................................................................................454
Barrel Or Drum Reconditioning Or Repairing - Metal
...................................................................454
Barrel Stock Mfg., No Sawmill Work
..................................................................................305
Baseball Batting Range .................................................................................................969
Baseball Club...........................................................................................................970
Baseball Mfg............................................................................................................205
Basket Mfg. - Veneer
.................................................................................................305
Basketball Mfg.
......................................................................................................205
Bath And/Or Kitchen Fixture Store.......................................................................................925
Bathing Cap Mfg. - Rubber
............................................................................................225
Bathing Suit Mfg. - Knitting To Be Separately Rated ...................................................................161
Bathtub Liner Installation ............................................................................................648
Bathtub Mfg. - Concrete.................................................................................................511
Battery Back-Up Power Systems - Service Or Repair By Specialist Contractor
..........................................660
Battery Charging Equipment Mfg. .......................................................................................473
Battery Mfg. - Temporary Staff
.......................................................................................499
Battery Mfg., Dry ......................................................................................................473
Battery Mfg., Storage .................................................................................................475
Beauty Shop ...........................................................................................................977
Bed And Breakfast ......................................................................................................973
Bed Spring Mfg. - Wire .................................................................................................457
Bed Underpads - Disposable ............................................................................................257
Bedding Mfg. - Blanket, Sheet, Pillowcase .............................................................................163
Bedding Store - Retail .................................................................................................922
Bedspread Mfg.
......................................................................................................163
Bedstead Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................456
Bee Raising ...........................................................................................................959
Beer And Ale Dealer, In Keg Or Case Lots Wholesale
...................................................................821
Beer Drawing Equipment, Cleaning And Installation
...................................................................663
Beeswax Mfg. ...........................................................................................................571
Beet Sugar Mfg.
......................................................................................................103
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Before and/or After School Program
..................................................................................891
Bell Installation - Tower Bells .......................................................................................657
Belt Mfg. - Cloth - Wearing Apparel Only - No Buckles, Webbing Or Leather Parts Mfg.
................................161
Belt Mfg. - Industrial Use - From Premanufactured Textile Fabric
....................................................163
Benzene Mfg. In Petroleum Refinery
..................................................................................581
Beret Mfg.
...........................................................................................................161
Berry Or Fruit Farm
.................................................................................................0016
Beverage Can Recycling .................................................................................................862
Beverage Distributing, Carbonated, Including Beer - Wholesale .........................................................821
Beverage Distributing, Including Beer - Retail ........................................................................917
Beverage Mfg., Carbonated - Bottled Or Canned
........................................................................112
Beverage Outlets - Retail
............................................................................................917
Bias Bindings Mfg.......................................................................................................163
Bicarbonate Of Soda Mfg.
............................................................................................551
Bicycle - Sale Or Rental, Including Repair .............................................................................925
Bicycle Assembly At Retail Store Locations - By Specialist Contractor
...............................................925
Bicycle Mfg. ...........................................................................................................463
Bill Posting (Including By Specialist Contractor)
...................................................................679
Billboard - Erection, Maintenance And/Or Changing Of Advertising By Outdoor Advertising Co. Or Specialist Contractor ..679
Billiard Hall...........................................................................................................968
Billiard Table Mfg.
.................................................................................................323
Bin Mfg. - Sheet Metal .................................................................................................454
Binder Mfg., Ringed
.................................................................................................265
Bindings Mfg. - Bias And Straight.......................................................................................163
Binocular Mfg.
......................................................................................................487
Biological Product Mfg..................................................................................................555
Bird House Or Feeder Mfg. - Wood .......................................................................................306
Birth Center - Not Operated By A Hospital .............................................................................957
Bituminous Culm Recovery - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual .........................................................---Black Powder Mfg.......................................................................................................4771
Blackboard Installation - Wood
.......................................................................................646
Blanket Mfg. ...........................................................................................................163
Blanket Mfg., Insulating For Aircraft - Asbestos........................................................................509
Blanket, Sheet, Pillowcase - Bedding Mfg. .............................................................................163
Blasting Agents Mfg. .................................................................................................4777
Blasting Cap Mfg.......................................................................................................4771
Blasting Contractor - Includes Incident Drilling By The Blasting Contractor
..........................................609
Bleaching, Fabrics......................................................................................................139
Blender Mfg. - Household
............................................................................................473
Blending Lubricants
.................................................................................................581
Blinkerlight Mfg. ......................................................................................................473
Blood & Gas Analyzer Mfg.
............................................................................................488
Blood Bank
...........................................................................................................957
Blueprint Reproduction (Using Photocopying Method) - By Contractor ....................................................932
Bluestone Quarry ......................................................................................................050
Boarding Stable
......................................................................................................801
Boarding Up Of Abandoned Buildings (Including Those Designed For Dwelling Occupancy)
................................651
Boat Building - Recreational - State Coverage Only
...................................................................718
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Boat Building Or Repair
............................................................................................6824F
Boat Dealer, With Services, Inland
..................................................................................818
Boat Dismantling - Recreational - State Coverage Only...................................................................718
Boat Rental - State Coverage Only.......................................................................................716
Boat Repairing - Recreational - State Coverage Only ...................................................................718
Boat Storage And Moorage - State Coverage Only ........................................................................716
Boiler Brick Work, Installation Or Repair .............................................................................653
Boiler Inspection ......................................................................................................951
Boiler Installation Or Repair
.......................................................................................677
Boiler Mfg., Shop Only .................................................................................................415
Bolt Mfg.
...........................................................................................................445
Book Conservation - By Specialist Contractor
........................................................................955
Book Dealer - Wholesale.................................................................................................924
Book Printing By Web Press - By Publisher Or Contractor
..............................................................281
Bookbinding Or Rebinding - By Specialist Contractor ...................................................................281
Bookcase Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................456
Bookcase Mfg. - Wood
.................................................................................................311
Bookstore
...........................................................................................................928
Boot And Shoe Mfg.......................................................................................................204
Boot And Shoe Mfg. - Rubber ............................................................................................225
Boot And Shoe, Cut Stock And Findings Dealer
........................................................................924
Boring Or Test Boring For Soil Samples..................................................................................607
Borough Employees, N.O.C.
............................................................................................980
Botanical Gardens - Open To Public Exhibition
........................................................................969
Bottle Cap Or Crown Mfg.
............................................................................................445
Bottle Cap Printing
.................................................................................................281
Bottle Dealer, New......................................................................................................924
Bottle Dealer, Used
.................................................................................................862
Bottle Mfg. - Rubber
.................................................................................................225
Bottled Gas Dealer......................................................................................................809
Bottled Spring Water Distribution - By Dealer
........................................................................924
Bottling Or Canning Of Carbonated Beverages.............................................................................112
Bowling Alley...........................................................................................................968
Bowling Pin Mfg. - Wood.................................................................................................306
Box Mfg. - Paper - Set-Up, Rigid Or Folding (Non-Corrugated)
.........................................................257
Box Or Box Shook Mfg. .................................................................................................305
Box Or Container Cardboard Partitions Mfg. .............................................................................257
Box Or Container Mfg. - Corrugated
..................................................................................261
Box Partitions Mfg.
.................................................................................................257
Boy Or Girl Scout Council - Clerical - Except At Camp Locations.........................................................953
Boy Or Girl Scout Council - Executive Secretary ........................................................................951
Boy Or Girl Scout Councils Camp Operations, Including Clerical Workers At Camp Locations................................978
Boys & Girls Club ......................................................................................................976
Braid And Fringe Mfg. .................................................................................................134
Brake Lining Mfg. - Asbestos............................................................................................509
Brass Bed Mfg.
......................................................................................................456
Brass Castings Mfg.
.................................................................................................447
Brass Products Mfg., N.O.C. - From Sheet Stock ........................................................................454
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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Brass Scrap Dealer......................................................................................................859
Breakfast Cereal Mfg. .................................................................................................101
Breeding Farm - Cattle, Sheep Or Goats
.............................................................................0083
Breeding Farm - Horse .................................................................................................801
Breeding Of Animals, Non-Farm Domestic..................................................................................959
Brewer's Outlet - Retail
............................................................................................917
Brewery, Including Distributing Stations
.............................................................................108
Brick Mfg., N.O.C.......................................................................................................512
Brick Pointing
......................................................................................................653
Bricking Up Abandoned Buildings .......................................................................................653
Bricklaying ...........................................................................................................653
Bridal Shop ...........................................................................................................916
Bridge Building - Metal.................................................................................................655
Bridge Building - Wood .................................................................................................651
Bridge Painting
......................................................................................................655
Bridge Shop ...........................................................................................................411
Brine Hauling...........................................................................................................811
Broadcasting Station - Radio Or Television .............................................................................936
Broken Glass Dealer
.................................................................................................862
Bronze Castings Mfg.
.................................................................................................447
Broom Mfg. - Assembling Only - No Woodworking
........................................................................319
Brush Manufacture - Using Tinplate Not Wood.............................................................................445
Brush Mfg.
...........................................................................................................306
Brush Mfg. - Wire ......................................................................................................457
Brush Or Weed Spraying - By Contractor - Except Aerial Spraying.........................................................012
Buffet Or Cafeteria-Style Restaurant ..................................................................................897
Buffing And Polishing Wheel Mfg. - Made From Cloth - No Metal Parts ....................................................163
Builders Hardware Mfg. .................................................................................................445
Building And Roofing Paper Mfg. .......................................................................................255
Building Caulking, Exterior ............................................................................................653
Building Cleaning - By Contractor Or Owner .............................................................................971
Building Cleaning, Exterior Walls.......................................................................................653
Building Erection - Prefabricated Sheet Metal ........................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Building Material Dealer, New
.......................................................................................855
Building Materials Dealer, Secondhand ..................................................................................855
Building Mfg., Portable - Metal, No Erection
........................................................................454
Building Mfg., Portable - Wood
.......................................................................................305
Building Moving - See Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project - Gen. Auditing & Classification ..---Building Paper Mfg.
.................................................................................................255
Building Raising Or Razing - See Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project - Gen. Aud. & Class
..---Building Underpinning .................................................................................................609
Building Wrecking - See Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project - Gen. Aud. & Classification
..---Bulkhead Construction - State Coverage Only.............................................................................611
Bunting Mfg., Shop Only.................................................................................................163
Buoy Mfg. - Metal ......................................................................................................415
Burglar Alarm System Installation, By Contractor........................................................................660
Burial Garment Mfg.
.................................................................................................161
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Burlap Goods Mfg. ......................................................................................................166
Bus Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased Chassis ......................451
Bus Operation, Scheduled Lines
.......................................................................................817
Bus Operation, School .................................................................................................804
Bus-bar Mfg. ...........................................................................................................474
Bushing Mfg. ...........................................................................................................445
Bushing Or Bearing Mfg. - Nonferrous Metal - Cast
...................................................................447
Business Forms Printing - By Web Press..................................................................................281
Butane Gas Dealer ......................................................................................................809
Butcher Shop - Retail .................................................................................................915
Butchering - Wholesale, Not Stockyards..................................................................................111
Butter And/Or Butter Substitutes Dealer - Wholesale ...................................................................911
Butter Or Cheese Mfg. .................................................................................................109
Button Mfg. - Metal
.................................................................................................459
Button Mfg., Not Metal - Classify According To Materials Used .........................................................---Cabinet Dealer - Wholesale ............................................................................................926
Cabinet Installation, Commercial Or Residential ........................................................................648
Cabinet Mfg. - Sheet Metal ............................................................................................456
Cabinet Store - Retail .................................................................................................925
Cabinet Works - Wood - With Power-Driven Machinery
...................................................................311
Cable Connector Assembly
............................................................................................471
Cable Installation In Conduits - By The Conduit Construction Contractor ...............................................617
Cable Installation Or Replacement In Existing Conduit - By Specialist Contractor
.....................................661
Cable Mfg. - Insulated Electrical - Wire Drawing To Be Separately Rated ...............................................222
Cable Mfg. - Not Insulated Electrical Cable.............................................................................457
Cable Or Wire Rope Dealer, Including Splicing
........................................................................857
Cable T.V. - Installation - Hooking Up Of Customers To Systems .........................................................759
Cable T.V. - Installation Of New System, Except Towers
..............................................................759
Cable T.V. - Service And/Or Repair Work For The System And Individual Customer..........................................759
Cafeteria - Operated By Employer For Own Employees ...................................................................---Governing Class
Cafeteria - Operated By Independent Or Specialist Contractor
.........................................................898
Cafeteria Or Buffet-Style Restaurant ..................................................................................897
Caisson Work - Under Pneumatic Pressure
.............................................................................615
Cake Mix Mfg. - Dry Blending............................................................................................104
Calcimining, By Contractor ............................................................................................665
Calcium Carbide Mfg.
.................................................................................................501
Calculator Mfg.
......................................................................................................483
Calf Raising For Veal .................................................................................................0034
Camera Or Photographic Supply Store - Retail
........................................................................928
Camp, Boy Or Girl Scout - Day, Summer Or Winter ........................................................................978
Can Mfg. - Paper ......................................................................................................257
Can Mfg., Seamed ......................................................................................................454
Can Mfg., Seamless......................................................................................................403
Can Recycling - Beverage
............................................................................................862
Canal Irrigation, Construction
.......................................................................................609
Candle Mfg. ...........................................................................................................571
Candy And/Or Snack Trays - Sold On The Honor System ...................................................................933
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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Candy Dealer (Including Repackaging) - Wholesale........................................................................924
Candy Mfg.
...........................................................................................................107
Candy Store ...........................................................................................................928
Candy, Chocolate Or Chewing Gum Mfg. - Temporary Staff
..............................................................187
Cane Mfg.
...........................................................................................................306
Cane Sugar Refining
.................................................................................................103
Canning Or Bottling Of Carbonated Beverages.............................................................................112
Canning Or Preserving - Temporary Staff
.............................................................................189
Canning Or Preserving Of Food
.......................................................................................113
Canvas Products Erection
............................................................................................681
Canvas Products Mfg.
.................................................................................................166
Cap Mfg. - Graduation Caps And Gowns ..................................................................................161
Cap Mfg. - Headwear
.................................................................................................161
Car Mfg., Rebuilding Or Repair, Railroad - All Kinds ...................................................................416
Car Phone Installation .................................................................................................966
Car Wash................................................................................................................816
Carbon Dioxide Mfg.
.................................................................................................553
Carbon Paper Mfg. ......................................................................................................263
Carbon Products Mfg.
.................................................................................................507
Carbonated Beverage Mfg. - Bottled Or Canned
........................................................................112
Carbonic Acid Gas Mfg. .................................................................................................553
Carbonizing Of Hair Or Wool ............................................................................................132
Carburetor Mfg.
......................................................................................................445
Cardboard Mfg.
......................................................................................................255
Cardboard Or Paper Mailing Tube Mfg. ..................................................................................257
Carding Of Fibers ......................................................................................................132
Carnival - Traveling
.................................................................................................939
Carpentry - Detached One Or Two Family Dwellings........................................................................652
Carpentry - Installation Of Cabinet Work, Finished Wooden Flooring Or Interior Trim.....................................648
Carpentry - Remodeling Of One Or Two Family Dwellings...................................................................652
Carpentry - Residential For Multiple Dwelling Occupancy - Three Stories Or Less
.....................................652
Carpentry Shop
......................................................................................................305
Carpentry, N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
..................................................................................693
Carpentry, N.O.C. Excluding Concrete Form Building
...................................................................651
Carpet And Rug Cleaning And Storage
..................................................................................141
Carpet Cleaning On Customers' Premises..................................................................................141
Carpet Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................921
Carpet Installation, By Specialist Contractor
........................................................................670
Carpet Mfg. ...........................................................................................................132
Carpet Shampooer Mfg. .................................................................................................473
Carpet Store - Retail .................................................................................................922
Carriage Mfg............................................................................................................451
Carriage Repairing......................................................................................................815
Carriage Tours Or Taxis (Horse Driven)..................................................................................801
Cartridge Charging Or Loading
.......................................................................................4771
Cartridge Loading Or Charging - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element
....................................................0775
Cartridge Mfg., No Handling Of Explosives .............................................................................445
Cash Register Mfg.......................................................................................................483
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Casing Mfg. - Sheet Metal
............................................................................................454
Casing Mfg., Boiler Metal Plate .......................................................................................415
Casino Gambling
......................................................................................................981
Casket Or Coffin Lining Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or Upholstery Work
....................................................163
Cast Iron Pipe Mfg.
.................................................................................................425
Cast Stone Mfg. - Concrete ............................................................................................511
Casting Foundry, Ductile Or Grey Iron ..................................................................................425
Casting Foundry, Malleable Iron .......................................................................................427
Casting Foundry, Steel .................................................................................................421
Casting Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals .......................................................................................447
Cat Food Mfg. - Dry/Bagged - No Cereal Milling ........................................................................104
Cat Or Dog Food Mfg. - Canned
.......................................................................................113
CAT Scanner Mfg. ......................................................................................................488
Catalogue Printing By Publisher Or Contract Printer ...................................................................282
Catalyst Mfg., Oil-Based
............................................................................................581
Caterer - All Types
.................................................................................................898
Cathode Ray Picture Tube Mfg.
.......................................................................................486
Catsup Mfg. ...........................................................................................................113
Cattle Auctioneer ......................................................................................................801
Cattle Dealer...........................................................................................................801
Cattle Farm ...........................................................................................................0083
Cave, Exhibition ......................................................................................................969
Caves, Excavation Of New Areas For Exhibition Purposes
..............................................................609
Cedar Chest Mfg. ......................................................................................................323
Ceiling Installation - Acoustical - Suspended Grid Type
..............................................................649
Cell Tower Erection - Antenna(s) Installation, Service And/Or Repair By Contractor .....................................655
Cell Tower Erection - Building Of The Concrete Pad By Contractor
....................................................654
Cell Tower Erection - Erection Of The Tower By Contractor ..............................................................655
Cell Tower Erection - Excavation Or Grading Of The Site By Contractor
...............................................609
Cell Tower Erection - Installation And/Or Service of Computerized Call Switching Equipment By Contractor
............952
Cellar Excavation ......................................................................................................609
Cement Block Erection .................................................................................................653
Cement Block Mfg. ......................................................................................................511
Cement Finishing ......................................................................................................654
Cement Mfg., Including Quarrying .......................................................................................501
Cement Quarry Operated By Manufacturer..................................................................................501
Cement Work, Flat, Not Self-Bearing Or Reinforced
...................................................................608
Cemetery Monument Or Memorial, Cutting, Engraving And/Or Polishing ....................................................855
Cemetery Operation......................................................................................................999
Cemetery, Opening Graves, Removing And Reinterring Remains..............................................................999
Central Air Conditioning Systems Installation, Service Or Repair
....................................................664
Centrifugal Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
........................................................................447
Centrifuge Mfg., Laboratory ............................................................................................473
Ceramic Capacitor Mfg. - Less Than 1 H.P. .............................................................................472
Ceramic Mfg. ...........................................................................................................513
Ceramic Shop...........................................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Ceramic Tile Dealer - Wholesale .......................................................................................926
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Ceramic Tile Installation
............................................................................................668
Ceramic Tile Store - Retail ............................................................................................925
Cesspool Cleaning, By Contractor .......................................................................................992
Chain Mfg.
...........................................................................................................435
Chair Mfg. - Metal......................................................................................................456
Chair Or Chair Frame Mfg. - Wood .......................................................................................323
Charcoal Mfg............................................................................................................551
Charter Bus Service
.................................................................................................817
Charter School
......................................................................................................965
Chassis Mfg. ...........................................................................................................451
Chauffeurs And Helpers.................................................................................................---Governing Class
Chauffeurs And Helpers, Employed By Hauling Contractor
..............................................................811
Chauffeurs, Private - Not Available For Use With Any Farm Class
....................................................0912
Check Cashing Service .................................................................................................987
Cheerleading Instruction - By Independent Contractor ...................................................................968
Cheese Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................911
Cheese Mfg. ...........................................................................................................109
Cheese Shop - Retail
.................................................................................................917
Chemical Etching - By Specialist Contractor.............................................................................281
Chemical Processing Or Products Mfg., N.O.C.
........................................................................551
Chenille Products Mfg. From Chenille Cloth .............................................................................163
Chenille Products Weaving
............................................................................................132
Chewing Gum Mfg. ......................................................................................................107
Chicken Catching ......................................................................................................865
Chickens - Slaughtering, Dressing And Packing For The Trade
.........................................................865
Child Care Service, Residential - (Neglected, Deprived Or Abused)
....................................................941
Child Daycare Center
.................................................................................................891
Children's & Infants' Clothing Store ..................................................................................916
Chimney Cleaning - Industrial Smokestacks .............................................................................655
Chimney Cleaning - Residential
.......................................................................................882
Chimney Construction - Masonry
.......................................................................................653
Chimney Flashing Mfg., No Installation Work.............................................................................454
China Decorating - By A China Manufacturer .............................................................................513
China Decorating - By Specialist Contractor With No China Mfg. .........................................................281
China Tableware Mfg.
.................................................................................................513
Chinchilla Farm ......................................................................................................0170
Chinese Food Dealer - Packaged Or Frozen - Wholesale ...................................................................911
Chinese Food Mfg. ......................................................................................................104
Chiropodist Office......................................................................................................957
Chocolate Mfg.
......................................................................................................107
Chore Worker - Home Health Care Services
.............................................................................943
Christmas Tree Light Cord Sets Mfg.
..................................................................................473
Christmas Tree Planting, Cultivating And Harvesting ...................................................................0013
Chromium Plating ......................................................................................................449
Church ................................................................................................................963
Church Furnishings - Wood (Altars, Pews) Installation...................................................................646
Cider Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................911
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Cigar And Cigarette Lighter Mfg. Or Assembling ........................................................................483
Cigar Band, Printing
.................................................................................................281
Cigar Mfg.
...........................................................................................................115
Cigarette Dealer - Wholesale............................................................................................924
Cigarette Mfg.
......................................................................................................115
Cinder Block Mfg. ......................................................................................................511
Cinder Dealer...........................................................................................................855
Circuit Breaker Mfg.
.................................................................................................474
Circus - Traveling......................................................................................................939
Citizen Band (CB) Radio Installation Or Repair ........................................................................966
City Emp. Except Sewer Const., Sal. Policemen & Firemen, Vol. Firemen, Aux. Police, Workfare Emp., Clerical Office
..980
City Employees, N.O.C. .................................................................................................980
Civic Center - Operation By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................971
Civil Consulting Engineering Firm.......................................................................................955
Clay (Any Type) Excavation Or Surface Mining - Including Milling Or Washing
..........................................055
Clay Milling Or Washing By Other Than Producer ........................................................................059
Clay Refractory Products Mfg., Including Silica Or Semi-Silica .........................................................514
Cleaning And Dyeing, Except Rug Cleaning By Dry Cleaner
..............................................................142
Cleaning Of Grease Exhaust, Air Conditioning, Heating And Ventilating Ducts - By Specialist Contractor .................971
Cleaning Permanently-Sited Tanks Or Railroad Tank Cars - By Contractor
...............................................995
Cleaning, Oiling Or Adjusting Of Air Conditioning, Forced Air Heating Or Ventilating Systems ...........................664
Cleaning, Polishing Or Sanitation Preparations Mfg. ...................................................................571
Cleaning, Sanitizing Or Deodorizing Restrooms - By Contractor .........................................................971
Clearing Of Land ......................................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Clearing Of Right-Of-Way, For Telephone Or Electric Lines ..............................................................005
Clerical Office Employees
............................................................................................953
Clerical Office Employees - Temporary Staff.............................................................................889
Clerks On Loading Platforms ............................................................................................811
Clinic - Outpatient Services Only.......................................................................................957
Clinical Laboratory - Independent.......................................................................................957
Clock Mfg.
...........................................................................................................458
Closed Circuit Television Systems - Installation Or Repair..............................................................660
Cloth Bag Mfg.
......................................................................................................166
Cloth Bag Repairing
.................................................................................................166
Cloth Clippings Dealer, New ............................................................................................924
Cloth Clippings Dealer, Used............................................................................................862
Cloth Cutting By Contractor - Garment Fabrics
........................................................................161
Cloth Mfg. - Asbestos .................................................................................................509
Cloth Printing
......................................................................................................139
Cloth Sponging (Shrinking), Inspection Or Mending - By Specialist Contractor ..........................................142
Clothes Dryer Mfg., Commercial Or Household.............................................................................456
Clothing Dealer, Used - Wholesale.......................................................................................924
Clothing Mfg............................................................................................................161
Clothing Store - Retail Or Wholesale ..................................................................................916
Clothing Store (Used) - Retail
.......................................................................................928
Club - Country, Golf Or Yachting .......................................................................................944
Club, Business Or Social
............................................................................................896
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Club, Exercise
......................................................................................................884
Club, Health ...........................................................................................................884
Club, N.O.C. ...........................................................................................................896
Club, Swim - Indoor
.................................................................................................968
Club, Swim - Outdoor
.................................................................................................969
Club, Tennis - Indoor .................................................................................................968
Club, Tennis - Outdoor .................................................................................................969
Coal Hauling By Mine Operator - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual ....................................................---Coal Hauling, Unprepared - By Contractor
.............................................................................810
Coal Merchant...........................................................................................................809
Coal Preparation Plant - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual
.........................................................---Coal Truckmen Federal Coal Mine Health & Safety Act - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element ................................0162
Coat - Front Or Interlining Mfg. .......................................................................................161
Coat Hanger Mfg. - Metal
............................................................................................457
Coat Hanger Mfg. - Wood.................................................................................................306
Coating And/Or Glazing Of Paper Or Plastic - By Specialist Contractor
...............................................263
Coating New Fabrics, Except Rubberized Fabrics Or Oilcloth..............................................................139
Coating New Fabrics, Rubberized Or Oilcloth.............................................................................227
Coating Of Parts - By Contractor .......................................................................................445
Coating Optical Products - Vacuum Deposition Method ...................................................................487
Cocktail Lounge
......................................................................................................899
Cocoa Mfg.
...........................................................................................................107
Coconut Shredding Or Drying ............................................................................................104
Cod Liver Oil Mfg.......................................................................................................114
Coffee Dealer (No Grinding Or Roasting) - Wholesale ...................................................................911
Coffee Grinding And Roasting............................................................................................104
Coffee Pot Filter Mfg. - Paper
.......................................................................................257
Coffee Service Company .................................................................................................933
Coffee Shop ...........................................................................................................897
Cofferdam Work - Non-Pressurized - Use Appropriate Contracting Classes ...............................................---Cofferdam Work - Under Pneumatic Pressure .............................................................................615
Coffin Assembly - No Wood Or Metal Working .............................................................................319
Coffin Mfg. - Metal
.................................................................................................456
Coffin Mfg. - Wood......................................................................................................323
Coffin Or Casket Lining Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or Upholstery Work
....................................................163
Coffin Or Casket Upholstery Work .......................................................................................327
Coil Stock Or Sheet Stock Dealer .......................................................................................857
Coiled Flat Spring Mfg..................................................................................................435
Coils - Less Than 1 H.P.
............................................................................................472
Coin And/Or Postage Stamp Dealer - Retail Or Wholesale
..............................................................920
Coin Wrapper Or Currency Strap Mfg.
..................................................................................265
Coin Wrapper, Printing - By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................281
Coin-Operated Amusement Or Vending Machine - Installation, Service Or Repair ..........................................933
Coin-Operated Telephone - Installation, Service Or Repair By A Specialist Business Or Contractor ......................933
Coke Oven - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual ........................................................................---Cold Rolling Or Drawing - Ferrous Metals
.............................................................................406
Cold Rolling Or Drawing, Nonferrous Metals .............................................................................403
Cold Storage ...........................................................................................................813
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Cold Wound Wire Spring Mfg. ............................................................................................457
Cold-Rolled Sheet Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................406
Collapsible Tube Mfg. .................................................................................................445
Collar Mfg. ...........................................................................................................161
Collection Of Used Motor Oil - By Specialist Contractor
..............................................................809
Collectors Of Money - By Specialist Contractor ........................................................................951
Collectors Of Money, Who Also Deliver Goods
........................................................................---Appropriate Store Class
College Or School - Temporary Staff
..................................................................................895
College Or School, N.O.C.
............................................................................................965
Color Mfg., No Red Or White Lead Mfg. ..................................................................................563
Combing Of Fibers ......................................................................................................132
Comforter Or Quilt Mfg..................................................................................................163
Comic Book Printing By Publisher Or Contractor ........................................................................282
Commercial Camp
......................................................................................................978
Commercial Lumber Yard .................................................................................................855
Commercial Or Industrial Building Operation - By Owner, Lessee Or Real Estate Management Firm...........................971
Community Center ......................................................................................................976
Community Living Arrangement For The Mentally Disabled (CLA) - 8 Or Fewer Residents Per Facility ......................941
Community Nursing Services - Nonprofessional Staff
...................................................................943
Community Nursing Services - Professional Staff ........................................................................942
Community Rehabilitative Residential Facility (CRRF) - Group Homes For The Mentally Ill ................................941
Community Residential Facility - Off Campus - With 8 Or Fewer Clients Per Facility .....................................941
Community Residential Facility For Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities - 9 Or More Residents Per Facility.......940
Compact Disc Player Repair ............................................................................................966
Compost Filling Of Mushroom Beds - By Contractor........................................................................007
Computer Dealer - Wholesale ............................................................................................924
Computer Mfg............................................................................................................483
Computer Or Computer System - Service Or Repair - Shop Or Field.........................................................952
Computer Paper Mfg. (No Paper Mfg.)
..................................................................................265
Computer Peripheral Mfg.
............................................................................................483
Computer Programmer
.................................................................................................953
Computer Programmer/Operator - Temporary Staff ........................................................................889
Computer Store - Retail.................................................................................................928
Computer Training School
............................................................................................965
Computer Wiring Installation Within Buildings - By Specialist Contractor ...............................................660
Concrete Block Mfg.
.................................................................................................511
Concrete Burial Vault Mfg. ............................................................................................511
Concrete Construction .................................................................................................654
Concrete Dealer, Ready-Mixed............................................................................................855
Concrete Drilling Or Sawing - On Highways Or Roads
...................................................................601
Concrete Floor Construction, Not Self-Bearing
........................................................................608
Concrete Floor Construction, Self-Bearing .............................................................................654
Concrete Form Erection .................................................................................................654
Concrete Mixing
......................................................................................................855
Concrete Parking Garage Construction ..................................................................................654
Concrete Products Mfg. .................................................................................................511
Concrete Pumping Services - By Independent Contractor...................................................................855
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 174
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Concrete Reinforcing Rod Setting .......................................................................................654
Concrete Work, Dams
.................................................................................................654
Concrete Work, Floors, Etc., Above Ground Level ........................................................................654
Concrete Work, Yard
.................................................................................................608
Concrete, Pre-Stressed, Erection By Contractor ........................................................................655
Condensed Milk Mfg.
.................................................................................................109
Condenser Mfg., Steam .................................................................................................415
Condominiums - Including Resident Or On-Site Manager ...................................................................880
Conduit Construction - All Work To Completion
........................................................................617
Confectioners' Machinery Mfg.
.......................................................................................461
Confectionery Mfg.......................................................................................................107
Construction Equipment - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
................................814
Construction Of Boiler Foundations
..................................................................................677
Construction Tools Mfg..................................................................................................433
Consulting Engineering Firm ............................................................................................955
Container Mfg. - Corrugated ............................................................................................261
Container Recycling - Beverage - Bottle Or Can ........................................................................862
Containerized Trash Removal ............................................................................................995
Containers, Stevedoring
............................................................................................7327F
Contract Packaging - Crating - In Shop..................................................................................305
Contract Packaging - Non-Crating .......................................................................................923
Contract Packaging - Non-Crating - Temporary Staff
...................................................................879
Contractor For Commercial Building Cleaning.............................................................................971
Contractor, Permanent Yards, Maintenance Or Storage Of Equipment Or Material ..........................................---Governing Class
Contractor, Supervisory Employees
..................................................................................---Governing Class
Contractors Equipment - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
................................814
Contractors, Watchmen, Timekeepers And Cleaners........................................................................---Governing Class
Convalescent Home - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher
................................960
Convenience Grocery
.................................................................................................917
Conveyor Mfg. - Or Reconditioning.......................................................................................465
Conveyor Or Conveyor Belt Installation, By Contractor...................................................................675
Conveyor Oven Installation, Service Or Repair
........................................................................675
Cookie Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises - Retail
..............................................................918
Cooking Utensil Mfg. - Steel Or Aluminum
.............................................................................454
Cooling Tower Erection, Prefabricated - Wood
........................................................................651
Cooper ................................................................................................................305
Cooperative Building Operation - For Residential Occupancy..............................................................880
Cooperative Electric Utility............................................................................................755
Copper Castings Mfg.
.................................................................................................447
Copper Pipe Or Tube Mfg. By Extruding And Drawing
...................................................................403
Copper Products Mfg. - From Sheet Stock
.............................................................................454
Copper Recovery, Not Smelting
.......................................................................................551
Copper Scrap Dealer
.................................................................................................859
Copper Smelting And Refining, Primary ..................................................................................402
Coppersmithing - Shop Only ............................................................................................454
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 175
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Cordage Mfg., Including Fiber Preparation .............................................................................132
Cordite Mfg............................................................................................................4771
Cork Carpet Mfg. ......................................................................................................227
Cork Products Mfg.......................................................................................................306
Corn Chip Mfg.
......................................................................................................104
Corn Starch Mfg. ......................................................................................................103
Correctional Institution Guards (Not State Employees)...................................................................985
Corrosion Proofing Of Chemical Tanks ..................................................................................655
Corrugated Paper And/Or Corrugated Products Mfg.........................................................................261
Corrugating Iron And Steel - Cold-Rolled - By Specialist Contractor ....................................................406
Cosmetic, Perfume Or Other Toilet Preparations Mfg. ...................................................................571
Cosmetics Store
......................................................................................................928
Costume Jewelry Mfg.
.................................................................................................458
Costume Mfg. - Masquerade Or Theatrical
.............................................................................161
Cotton Batting Mfg.
.................................................................................................130
Cotton Gin Operation
.................................................................................................132
Cotton Merchant
......................................................................................................924
Cotton Seed Oil Mfg.
.................................................................................................551
Cotton Spinning And Weaving ............................................................................................132
Cotton Waste Mfg. ......................................................................................................130
Cough Drop Mfg.
......................................................................................................555
Counter Top Mfg. - Wood.................................................................................................311
Counter, Heel And Sole Mfg. - Leather ..................................................................................204
Country Club ...........................................................................................................944
County Employees, N.O.C.
............................................................................................980
County Road Districts .................................................................................................980
Cover Mfg. - Air Conditioner............................................................................................163
Cracker Mfg. ...........................................................................................................105
Cranberry Grower ......................................................................................................0016
Crane Or Derrick Installation
.......................................................................................675
Crane Or Derrick Mfg. - Classify According To Materials Used .........................................................---Crane Rental (Mobile) - With Operators By Specialist Contractor.........................................................802
Crane Repair, Mobile, By Specialist Contractor ........................................................................814
Crane Repair, Permanently Located, By Specialist Contractor
.........................................................675
Crate Mfg. - Wood ......................................................................................................305
Crayon Mfg. ...........................................................................................................571
Creamery................................................................................................................109
Credit Union ...........................................................................................................988
Crematory Operation
.................................................................................................997
Creosote Mfg. - From Tar
............................................................................................551
Crutches Mfg. - Wood
.................................................................................................306
Cullet Dealer - Broken Or Refuse Glass..................................................................................862
Culm Recovery - Anthracite Or Bituminous - See Coal Mine Rating Bureau Manual..........................................---Culvert Construction, Not Exceeding 10 Feet Span........................................................................609
Culvert Mfg. - Metal Plate ............................................................................................415
Cup Or Plate Mfg. - Paper
............................................................................................257
Curbstone - Concrete Prefabricated - Installed By Road Contractor
....................................................601
Cured Meats - Brined, Dried And Salted..................................................................................106
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 176
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Curled Hair Mfg. ......................................................................................................132
Curtain Mfg. ...........................................................................................................163
Curtain Or Drapery Installation From Floor Or Ladder ...................................................................670
Curtain Or Drapery Installation From Scaffolding........................................................................681
Curtain Rod Mfg. - Metal
............................................................................................445
Custom Dressmaking......................................................................................................916
Custom Tailoring ......................................................................................................916
Customizing Vans ......................................................................................................815
Cut Glass Mfg.
......................................................................................................535
Cut Stone Or Stone Products Mfg. .......................................................................................855
Cutlery Mfg. (Non-Forged) For Household Or Butcher Shop/Restaurant Use
...............................................441
Cyber Bank
...........................................................................................................988
Cyber School ...........................................................................................................965
Cylinder Mfg. - Pressure Metal Plate ..................................................................................415
Dairy Farm ...........................................................................................................0036
Dairy Products Dealer - Wholesale.......................................................................................911
Dairy Products Mfg. (Except Ice Cream Mfg.).............................................................................109
Dance Band - Independent Contractor
..................................................................................967
Dance Company...........................................................................................................967
Dance Studio, Not Operated In Conjunction With Dance Hall ..............................................................965
Data Processing - Temporary Staff.......................................................................................889
Data Processing Systems - Service Or Repair - Shop Or Field
.........................................................952
Day Center For The Elderly ............................................................................................976
Day Nursery - Children .................................................................................................891
Day Spa - Not Affiliated With A Health Club Or Swimming Pool
.........................................................977
Daycare - Mentally Disabled, No Residential Facility Affiliation
....................................................976
Daycare Center For Children ............................................................................................891
Daycare Center Operated By A Y.M.C.A., Y.W.C.A. ........................................................................976
Dealer (See Listings Under Appropriate Merchandise) ...................................................................---Debris Box Rental/Service
............................................................................................995
Defibrillator Mfg.......................................................................................................488
Degreasing Skins ......................................................................................................201
Degreasing Solvent Mfg..................................................................................................571
Dehydration Of Food - Except Dehydration Of Meat Or Milk ..............................................................113
Dehydration Of Meat
.................................................................................................106
Dehydration Of Milk
.................................................................................................109
Delicatessen Meat Distributor - No Delicatessen Or Lunch Meat Manufacturing - Wholesale ................................911
Delicatessen Store......................................................................................................917
Demolition Of Structures - See Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project - Gen. Aud. & Class .......---Dental Assistant - Employed By A Dentist Office ........................................................................957
Dental Drill Or Dental Tools Mfg........................................................................................487
Dental Equipment Or Supply Dealer.......................................................................................924
Dental Laboratory ......................................................................................................489
Dentist Office
......................................................................................................957
Department Store ......................................................................................................914
Department Store - Temporary Staff
..................................................................................877
Depth Sounding Equipment Mfg.
.......................................................................................485
Dermatological Lab - Testing Cosmetics - By Specialist Contractor
....................................................955
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 177
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Desk Calendar Mfg.......................................................................................................265
Detective Agency ......................................................................................................904
Detergent Mfg.
......................................................................................................571
Detinning
...........................................................................................................449
Detoxification (Alcohol And/Or Drug) Residential Facility Licensed As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility
............958
Diamond Core Drilling Within Buildings - By Specialist Contractor
....................................................608
Diamond Cutter, Polisher, Setter .......................................................................................458
Diaper Mfg. - Cloth
.................................................................................................161
Diaper Mfg. - Disposable
............................................................................................257
Diaper Service - Laundry
............................................................................................141
Dictating Machine Repair - Shop Or Field
.............................................................................952
Die Castings Mfg. - Aluminum, Brass, Bronze, Copper Or Zinc
.........................................................429
Die Cutting - Paper, Paperboard Or Cardboard - By Specialist Contractor ...............................................257
Die Mfg.................................................................................................................441
Dimmer Switch Mfg.......................................................................................................473
Dinner Theater
......................................................................................................975
Diode Mfg.
...........................................................................................................472
Direct Mail Company
.................................................................................................948
Disc Jockey Service - Non Broadcasting..................................................................................967
Discotheque ...........................................................................................................899
Disinfectant (Household And Industrial) Mfg.
........................................................................571
Dismantling, Installation Or Service Or Repair Of Machinery Or Industrial Equipment, By Contractor......................675
Dispatchers On Loading Platforms .......................................................................................811
Display Rack Or Stand Installation - Metal, Plastic Or Wood
.........................................................646
Disposable Diaper Mfg. .................................................................................................257
Disposable Towel Mfg. .................................................................................................257
Distillation, Wood......................................................................................................551
Distilling Of Alcoholic Liquors .......................................................................................113
Document Conservation - Paper - By Specialist Contractor ..............................................................955
Document Destruction Or Shredding Service .............................................................................862
Document Scanning - By Specialist Contractor
........................................................................932
Dog Collar Mfg.
......................................................................................................205
Dog Food Mfg. - Dry/Bagged - No Cereal Milling ........................................................................104
Dog Groomer - No Kennel Facilities
..................................................................................928
Dog Kennel
...........................................................................................................959
Dog Obedience Classes .................................................................................................959
Dog Or Cat Food Mfg. - Canned
.......................................................................................113
Doll Or Doll Parts Mfg. - Classify According To Materials Used.........................................................---Dolomite Quarry
......................................................................................................051
Domestic Interior Cleaning Service Contractor
........................................................................882
Domestic Workers - Inside - Occasional
.............................................................................0908
Domestic Workers - Inside, Excluding Office Employees
..............................................................0913
Domestic Workers - Outside - Including Private Chauffeurs..............................................................0912
Domestic Workers - Outside - Occasional - Including Occasional Private Chauffeurs .....................................0909
Donut Shop, Baking And/Or Selling On Premises - Retail
..............................................................918
Door Frame And Sash Mfg. - Wood .......................................................................................305
Door Installation - Metal Or Metal-Covered, In Garages, Not Overhead Doors
..........................................651
Door Installation, Overhead - Wood Or Metal.............................................................................675
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Door Mfg. - Metal ......................................................................................................456
Door Mfg. - Wood ......................................................................................................305
Door Mfg., Accordion - Plastic Or Fabric - No Woodworking ..............................................................163
Door Or Door Frame Erection - Wood
..................................................................................648
Door Or Window Distributor ............................................................................................855
Dope (Plastic Model Paint) Mfg. .......................................................................................563
Doubling Process, Sheet Rolling - By Specialist Contractor..............................................................406
Doughnut Mfg. - By Wholesale Bakery
..................................................................................105
Dowel Mfg. - Wood ......................................................................................................306
Downspout Installation - Metal
.......................................................................................676
Drafting Equipment Mfg..................................................................................................487
Draftsman - Temporary Staff ............................................................................................889
Drain Tile Mfg. - Concrete ............................................................................................511
Drapery Dry Cleaning Plant ............................................................................................142
Drapery Or Curtain Installation From Floor Or Ladder ...................................................................670
Drapery Or Curtain Installation From Scaffolding........................................................................681
Drapery Or Curtain Mfg..................................................................................................163
Drawing - Nonferrous Metals ............................................................................................403
Dredging Of Materials On Non-Navigable Waters With Incidental Shore Operations..........................................055
Dress Form Mfg. - Classify According To Materials Used
..............................................................---Dress Mfg.
...........................................................................................................161
Dress Pattern Printing .................................................................................................281
Drilling, N.O.C., By Contractor .......................................................................................607
Drinking Straw Mfg. - Paper ............................................................................................257
Drive-In Theater ......................................................................................................967
Drivers................................................................................................................---Governing Class
Driveway Construction - Blacktop Or Cement .............................................................................608
Drug And/Or Alcohol Residential Facility Licensed As An Inpatient Non-Hospital Facility ................................958
Drug Mfg.
...........................................................................................................555
Drugstore - Wholesale .................................................................................................924
Dry Cleaning - Self-Service Only .......................................................................................928
Dry Cleaning Plant, Except Rug Cleaning
.............................................................................142
Dry Cleaning Preparation Mfg.
.......................................................................................571
Dry Dock Operation
.................................................................................................6872F
Dry Goods Store - Retail Or Wholesale ..................................................................................916
Dry Ice Dealer
......................................................................................................855
Dry Toner Mfg.
......................................................................................................563
Dryers, Household Or Commercial, Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
...............................................662
Drywall Installation - Including Taping And Seaming ...................................................................645
Duct Cleaning - Grease Exhaust, Air Conditioning, Heating, Ventilating - By Specialist Contractor ......................971
Duct Fabrication - No Installation Work
.............................................................................454
Duct Fabrication And Installation - Heating, Ventilating Or Air Conditioning ..........................................664
Ductile Iron Foundry
.................................................................................................425
Dumpster Or Refuse Container Mfg. - From Metal Plate ...................................................................415
Dumpster Rental/Service.................................................................................................995
Duplication Services
.................................................................................................932
Dye Mfg.................................................................................................................551
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 179
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Dyeing ................................................................................................................139
Dyeing And Cleaning, Except Rug Cleaning By Dry Cleaner
..............................................................142
Dynamite Mfg.
......................................................................................................4771
Early Intervention For Infants And Toddlers (No Residential Affiliation) ...............................................892
Earthenware Mfg. ......................................................................................................513
Egg Dealer - Grading, Candling, Packing - Wholesale ...................................................................924
Eggs, Dehydrated ......................................................................................................113
Eggs, Powdered
......................................................................................................113
Elastic Mfg. ...........................................................................................................225
Electric Blanket Mfg. .................................................................................................473
Electric Cable Laying With Automatic Equipment (Ditchwitch) - Street To Building - By Specialist Contractor ............661
Electric Cord Assembly, Cable Mfg. To Be Separately Rated ..............................................................473
Electric Fan Mfg. ......................................................................................................473
Electric Fixture Installation - By Contractor
........................................................................661
Electric Fixtures Mfg. .................................................................................................445
Electric Heating Element Mfg.
.......................................................................................473
Electric Housewares And Fan Mfg. .......................................................................................473
Electric Light Bulb Mfg.
............................................................................................486
Electric Line Construction, By Contractor .............................................................................656
Electric Measuring Instrument Or Test Equipment Mfg. ...................................................................488
Electric Meter Reader .................................................................................................951
Electric Motor Mfg. Or Repair - Shop Only .............................................................................477
Electric Power Equipment Mfg. For Utilities.............................................................................474
Electric Steel Foundry .................................................................................................421
Electric Switches Mfg. - Household And Crossbar ........................................................................473
Electric Utility Operation ............................................................................................755
Electric Wire Assembly - Cord
.......................................................................................473
Electrical Apparatus Mfg.
............................................................................................473
Electrical Apparatus, Machinery Or Motor Installation Or Field Repair
...............................................675
Electrical Appliance Dealer - Small Appliances - Wholesale..............................................................926
Electrical Appliance Store, Small - Retail .............................................................................925
Electrical Consulting Engineering Firm..................................................................................955
Electrical Contractor .................................................................................................661
Electrical Equipment For Internal Combustion Engines Mfg. ..............................................................473
Electrical Household Appliances, Major - Retail ........................................................................922
Electrical Machinery Or Equipment Dealer - Wholesale ...................................................................926
Electrical Or Gas Household Major Or Commercial Appliances - Service Or Repair..........................................662
Electrical Sign And Advertising Display Mfg., Installation And Repair
...............................................673
Electrical Supply Dealer - Wholesale ..................................................................................886
Electrical Supply Store - Retail .......................................................................................925
Electrical Wire Harness Assembly .......................................................................................471
Electrical Wiring (Within Buildings) - Temporary Staff
..............................................................695
Electrical Wiring In Buildings - By Contractor ........................................................................661
Electrocardiograph Equipment Mfg........................................................................................488
Electrolysis ...........................................................................................................977
Electron Tube Mfg.......................................................................................................486
Electronic Component Mfg. - Temporary Staff.............................................................................497
Electronic Components And Accessories Store - Retail ...................................................................925
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 180
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Electronic Components And/Or Accessories Dealer - Wholesale
.........................................................886
Electronic Garage Door Opener Installation - By Contractor..............................................................661
Electronic Organ And Synthesizer Mfg. ..................................................................................483
Electronic Terminal And Connector Mfg. - By Machining Or Stamping
....................................................459
Electro-Physical Therapy Equipment Mfg.
.............................................................................473
Electroplating
......................................................................................................449
Electrostatic Painting Of Metal Cabinets Or Furniture - At Customers' Locations - By Specialist Contractor ............646
Electrotyping - By Specialist Contractor
.............................................................................281
Elevator Erection Or Repair ............................................................................................675
Elevator Inspection
.................................................................................................951
Elevator Or Elevator Door Mfg.
.......................................................................................465
Elevator Shaft Drilling - By Contractor
.............................................................................607
Emblem Mfg. ...........................................................................................................136
Embroidery Mfg.
......................................................................................................136
Emery Cloth Mfg. ......................................................................................................255
Emery Works - Crushing Or Grinding
..................................................................................059
Employment Contractor - Temporary Apparel Mfg. Staff ...................................................................191
Employment Contractor - Temporary Automobile, Truck Or Trailer Body Mfg. Staff..........................................495
Employment Contractor - Temporary Battery Mfg. Staff ...................................................................499
Employment Contractor - Temporary Candy, Chocolate Or Chewing Gum Mfg. Staff ..........................................187
Employment Contractor - Temporary Carpentry, N.O.C. Staff ..............................................................693
Employment Contractor - Temporary Clerical Staff........................................................................889
Employment Contractor - Temporary College Or School Staff ..............................................................895
Employment Contractor - Temporary Department Store Staff ..............................................................877
Employment Contractor - Temporary Electrical Wiring (Within Buildings) Staff ..........................................695
Employment Contractor - Temporary Electronic Component Mfg. Staff
....................................................497
Employment Contractor - Temporary Excavation Staff
...................................................................691
Employment Contractor - Temporary Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. Staff ....................................................185
Employment Contractor - Temporary Hardware Mfg. Staff...................................................................493
Employment Contractor - Temporary Hardware Store - Wholesale - Staff....................................................881
Employment Contractor - Temporary Marketing Staff
...................................................................949
Employment Contractor - Temporary Medical Staffing
...................................................................946
Employment Contractor - Temporary Packaging - Contract - Non-Crating - Staff ..........................................879
Employment Contractor - Temporary Paint Or Colors Mfg. Staff
.........................................................587
Employment Contractor - Temporary Paper Or Pulp Mfg. Staff..............................................................291
Employment Contractor - Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg. - Injection Molding Staff .....................................275
Employment Contractor - Temporary Plastic Articles Mfg., N.O.C. Staff
...............................................276
Employment Contractor - Temporary Printing Staff........................................................................297
Employment Contractor - Temporary Retail Store, N.O.C. Staff
.........................................................883
Employment Contractor - Temporary Rolling, Drawing Or Extruding Nonferrous Metals Staff ................................491
Employment Contractor - Temporary Staff - Preserving Or Canning Of Food ...............................................189
Employment Contractor - Temporary Warehousing Staff ...................................................................867
Enamel Paint Mfg. ......................................................................................................563
Enamel Ware Mfg. ......................................................................................................454
Enameled Cast Iron Ware Mfg.............................................................................................425
Engine Or Engine Part Mfg., Internal Combustion ........................................................................461
Engineering Consulting Firm - All Types Of Engineering
..............................................................955
English As A Second Language Courses By Specialist Contractor .........................................................965
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 181
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Engraving - By Specialist Contractor ..................................................................................281
Ensilage Cutting By Contractor
.......................................................................................007
Entertainer ...........................................................................................................967
Envelope Mfg............................................................................................................265
Environmental Cleanup Services
.......................................................................................995
Environmental Control Systems Installation, Service Or Repair - By Specialist Contractor................................660
Environmental Control Systems Mfg./Assembly.............................................................................476
Equipment Dealer - Mobile, Self-Propelled - Factory, Farm Or Construction...............................................814
Equipment Repair, Industrial - Shop Only
.............................................................................461
Eraser Mfg. ...........................................................................................................225
Escalator Installation, By Contractor ..................................................................................675
Escalator Mfg.
......................................................................................................465
Escort Service For Oversize Loads On Highways
........................................................................817
Etching (By Chemical Method) By Specialist Contractor...................................................................281
Excavation - Street Or Road - Including Rock Excavation
..............................................................609
Excavation - Temporary Staff............................................................................................691
Excavation For Septic Tank Installation - By Specialist Contractor ....................................................609
Excavation, N.O.C.......................................................................................................609
Executive Secretary, Boy Or Girl Scout Council ........................................................................951
Exercise Club...........................................................................................................884
Exercise Equipment - Service Or Repair - In Shop Or At Customers' Locations - By Specialist Contractor .................925
Exhibit Booth Erection .................................................................................................646
Exhibit Booth Mfg.......................................................................................................311
Exhibition - Outdoor
.................................................................................................969
Exhibition Garden ......................................................................................................969
Explosives Or Ammunition Mfg., N.O.C...................................................................................4771
Explosives Or Ammunition Mfg., N.O.C. - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element ...............................................0771
Exterminator ...........................................................................................................971
Extruded Products Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals .............................................................................403
Eyelet Mfg. ...........................................................................................................459
Fabric Coating, N.O.C. .................................................................................................139
Fabric Shop ...........................................................................................................916
Fabrics, Rubberized
.................................................................................................225
Facsimile Equipment Mfg.
............................................................................................483
Fair - Permanently Sited
............................................................................................969
Fair - Traveling ......................................................................................................939
False Work Erection For Concrete Construction
........................................................................654
Family Living Home For The Developmentally Disabled ...................................................................941
Farm Machinery Dealer .................................................................................................814
Farm Machinery Operation By Contractor..................................................................................007
Farm, Berry ...........................................................................................................0016
Farm, Chicken
......................................................................................................0034
Farm, Crop ...........................................................................................................0006
Farm, Dairy ...........................................................................................................0036
Farm, Egg Producer
.................................................................................................0034
Farm, Field Crop ......................................................................................................0006
Farm, Fish ...........................................................................................................0034
Farm, Fruit ...........................................................................................................0016
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 182
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Farm, Grain ...........................................................................................................0006
Farm, Livestock ......................................................................................................0083
Farm, Mushroom
......................................................................................................0008
Farm, N.O.C............................................................................................................0006
Farm, Poultry
......................................................................................................0034
Farm, Tobacco
......................................................................................................0006
Farm, Tree ...........................................................................................................0013
Farm, Vegetable ......................................................................................................0006
Farm, Vineyard
......................................................................................................0016
Farrier (Horse Shoeing By Specialist Contractor)........................................................................801
Fastener Mfg., N.O.C. .................................................................................................445
Fast-Food Restaurant
.................................................................................................897
Feather Assembly - Sewn, On Wire Frames Decorated For Costumes/Band Plumes
..........................................163
Feather Dyeing
......................................................................................................139
Feather Pillow Mfg.
.................................................................................................163
Feather Washing, Steaming, Cleaning And Renovating
...................................................................142
Federal Coal Mine Health & Safety Act - Nonrateable Catastrophe Element For Code 810 Coal Truckmen
.................0162
Federal Coal Mine Health And Safety Act Coverage Loading ..............................................................0164
Feed Dealer - Wholesale.................................................................................................924
Feed Mfg. - Preparation Of Cereal Or Compound Feeds For Livestock Or Poultry ..........................................101
Feldspar Quarry
......................................................................................................050
Felt Mfg. - Unwoven
.................................................................................................130
Felt Mfg. - Woven ......................................................................................................132
Fence Erection - Metal .................................................................................................658
Fence Erection - Wood .................................................................................................651
Fence Erection, Highway Barriers By Paving Contractor...................................................................601
Fence Mfg. - Wire ......................................................................................................457
Fence Mfg. - Wood, Shop Only............................................................................................305
Fence Or Fence Post Mfg. - Ornamental Iron Or Steel ...................................................................413
Fender Repairing, Automobile............................................................................................815
Ferrous Metals Cold Rolling Or Drawing..................................................................................406
Fertilizer (Except Humus Or Manure) Dealer .............................................................................924
Fertilizer Application To Soil
.......................................................................................007
Fertilizer Blending Or Mixing
.......................................................................................573
Fertilizer Mfg.
......................................................................................................573
Fetal Monitor Mfg.......................................................................................................488
Fiber (Paper) Products Mfg. ............................................................................................255
Fiber Drum Mfg.
......................................................................................................257
Fiber Furniture Mfg.
.................................................................................................323
Fiber Mfg.
...........................................................................................................255
Fiber Preparation For Spinning Or Weaving .............................................................................132
Fiberboard Box Or Container Mfg. .......................................................................................261
Fiberboard Mfg.
......................................................................................................255
Fiberglass (A Fibrous Glass And Resin Composite) Mfg....................................................................227
Fibrous Glass Mfg.......................................................................................................535
File (Tool) Mfg. - Forged
............................................................................................433
File Cabinet Mfg. ......................................................................................................456
File Folder Mfg. ......................................................................................................265
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 183
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
File Jacket Mfg. ......................................................................................................265
File, Tool (Non-Forged) Mfg.............................................................................................445
Film Exchange...........................................................................................................928
Filter Mfg. - Air - All Types
.......................................................................................257
Financial Auditing Firm (Not An Independent Insurance Traveling Auditing Firm)..........................................962
Finished Hardwood Floor Installation ..................................................................................648
Finisher Of Broad Woven Fabrics .......................................................................................139
Finishing New Textile Goods ............................................................................................139
Fire Alarm Siren Mfg. .................................................................................................473
Fire Alarm System Installation
.......................................................................................660
Fire Clay Digging ......................................................................................................055
Fire Department - Paid .................................................................................................985
Fire Department - Volunteer ............................................................................................994
Fire Department, N.O.C.
............................................................................................---Governing Class
Fire Door Installation .................................................................................................651
Fire Door Mfg.
......................................................................................................456
Fire Escape Installation By Contractor - Outside........................................................................655
Fire Escape Installation, Inside .......................................................................................658
Fire Escape Mfg. ......................................................................................................413
Fire Extinguisher - Sales And/Or Service - Wholesale ...................................................................926
Fire Patrol Or Protective Corp. - Independent - Paid ...................................................................985
Fire Police - Special Voluntary .......................................................................................994
Fire Resistant Glove Mfg.
............................................................................................509
Fire Truck Body Mfg. - Including Attaching Manufactured Body To A Customer Supplied Or Purchased Chassis
............451
Fire, Smoke And/Or Water Damage Clean-Up - By Contractor ..............................................................971
Firearms Sale - Wholesale
............................................................................................924
Firemen - Not Volunteer.................................................................................................985
Firemen - Volunteer
.................................................................................................994
Fireplace Installation .................................................................................................653
Fireproof Equipment Mfg. - Metal .......................................................................................456
Fireproof Shutter Erection ............................................................................................658
Fireproof Tile Setting .................................................................................................653
Fireproofing Tile Mfg. - Clay
.......................................................................................512
Fireworks Distributor And/Or Exhibitor
.............................................................................4777
Fireworks Mfg.
......................................................................................................4771
Fireworks Store - Retail
............................................................................................928
Fish Curing ...........................................................................................................865
Fish Dealer - Wholesale - No Processing Whatsoever
...................................................................924
Fish Dealer And Processor - Wholesale ..................................................................................865
Fish Grower ...........................................................................................................0034
Fish Hatchery
......................................................................................................0034
Fish Oil Mfg............................................................................................................114
Fish, Meat Or Poultry Store - Retail ..................................................................................915
Fishing Pond, Public
.................................................................................................969
Fishing Rod Mfg. - Classify According To Materials Used ..............................................................---Fitness Club ...........................................................................................................884
Fitness Equipment - Service Or Repair - In Shop Or At Customers' Locations - By Specialist Contractor .................925
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 184
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Fitness Instructor - By Independent Contractor - No Permanent Facility
...............................................884
Five And Ten Cent Store.................................................................................................928
Fixture Installation - Bank - Metal Partitions, Counters ..............................................................646
Fixture Or Jig Mfg.
.................................................................................................441
Flag And Bunting Erection From Floor Or Ladder ........................................................................670
Flag Mfg., Shop Only
.................................................................................................163
Flag Or Bunting Erection From Scaffolding .............................................................................681
Flagmen - Provided By Specialist Contractor.............................................................................601
Flagpole - Erection
.................................................................................................658
Flagpole Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................413
Flare Mfg. ...........................................................................................................4771
Flashlight Mfg., Or Assembling
.......................................................................................445
Flat Cement Work Contractor ............................................................................................608
Flat Glass Mfg.
......................................................................................................535
Flavoring Extract Mfg. .................................................................................................104
Flavoring Syrups Blending
............................................................................................104
Flax Spinning And Weaving
............................................................................................132
Flea Market Or Swap Meet Operators
..................................................................................971
Flint Or Feldspar Grinding, Done By Quarry .............................................................................050
Flint Or Feldspar Grinding, Not Done By Quarry ........................................................................059
Flood Debris Cleanup (Except Building Demolition) - By Contractor
....................................................995
Floodlight Erection - Permanent .......................................................................................656
Floodlight Erection, Temporary - By Contractor ........................................................................661
Floor Cleaning/Waxing Machine Mfg.
..................................................................................473
Floor Coverings - Installation Of Linoleum, Asphalt Or Rubber Tiling - Not Ceramic Tile Installation
.................670
Floor Coverings Dealer - Retail .......................................................................................922
Floor Coverings Dealer - Wholesale
..................................................................................921
Floor Installation - Ceramic Tile.......................................................................................668
Floor Installation - Not Concrete, Ceramic Or Wood
...................................................................670
Floor Installation - Portable - Wood ..................................................................................648
Floor Laying - Linoleum, Asphalt, Rubber Or Composition Tiling, Not Ceramic
..........................................670
Floor Laying, Finished Hardwood .......................................................................................648
Floor Sanding Or Scraping - Wood .......................................................................................648
Floor Waxing Or Polishing - By Building Owner, Lessee, Management Agency Or Contractor ................................971
Flooring Mfg. - Open Steel Grating
..................................................................................413
Flooring Mfg. - Wood
.................................................................................................305
Florist Store - Fresh Cut Flowers - Retail Or Wholesale
..............................................................919
Florist Store Supplies Dealer - Wholesale .............................................................................919
Flour Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................911
Flour Mfg. - Wood ......................................................................................................101
Flour Milling...........................................................................................................101
Flour Mixing And Blending, No Milling ..................................................................................104
Flow Controller Mfg.
.................................................................................................488
Flower Assembling - Artificial Or Dried
.............................................................................924
Flower Dealer - Artificial Or Dried - Wholesale ........................................................................924
Flower Dealer Or Store - Fresh Cut Flowers (No Flower Or Plant Raising) - Retail And/Or Wholesale ......................919
Flower Raising
......................................................................................................0011
Flowmeter Mfg.
......................................................................................................488
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 185
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Flue Mfg., Stove Or Furnace - By Specialist Contractor
..............................................................454
Flying Field...........................................................................................................7428
Foam Rubber Mfg. ......................................................................................................225
Folding Cardboard Or Paperboard Box Mfg.
.............................................................................257
Food And/Or Beverage Concession - By Specialist Contractor..............................................................898
Food Product Machinery Mfg. ............................................................................................461
Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. - No Cereal Milling ........................................................................104
Food Sundries Mfg., N.O.C. - Temporary Staff
........................................................................185
Football Mfg............................................................................................................205
Football Player, Professional
.......................................................................................970
Footwear Mfg. - Not Rubber ............................................................................................204
Footwear Mfg. - Rubber .................................................................................................225
Foreign Currency Exchange
............................................................................................987
Foreign Language Courses By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................965
Forest Fire Fighting, N.O.C.
.......................................................................................---Governing Class
Forest Ranger - Not State Employees
..................................................................................980
Forging - Nonferrous Metals Only .......................................................................................403
Forging, N.O.C.
......................................................................................................431
Forklift Service And/Or Repair - By Specialist Contractor (Shop Or At Customer's Location)
...........................814
Forklift Truck Dealer - Rental, Sales Or Service (In Shop Or At Customer's Location)
................................814
Forklift Truck Mfg.
.................................................................................................463
Formal Wear Rental Or Sales ............................................................................................916
Foundation Excavation .................................................................................................609
Foundry - Nonferrous, N.O.C.............................................................................................447
Foundry Sand Cores Mfg. - By Contractor
.............................................................................513
Foundry, Iron, N.O.C. .................................................................................................425
Foundry, Malleable Iron.................................................................................................427
Foundry, Steel
......................................................................................................421
Fracturing (Fracing) Of Gas Or Oil Wells - By Contractor ..............................................................607
Frame Straightening On Automobiles
..................................................................................815
Franklin Stove Assembly.................................................................................................445
Fraternal Organization (e.g., VFW Post, The Elks)
...................................................................896
Fraternity/Sorority House
............................................................................................896
Freezer Mfg., Commercial Or Household ..................................................................................456
Freight Car Mfg. ......................................................................................................416
Freight Handling On Piers Or Terminals Or Adjoining Piers..............................................................7366F
French Drain Installation
............................................................................................663
Front Or Interlining Mfg. - Coat .......................................................................................161
Frozen Food Dealer - Wholesale
.......................................................................................911
Frozen Fruit, Fruit Juice, Processing ..................................................................................113
Frozen Or Frosted Food Products Mfg. ..................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Fruit And Vegetable Juice, Canned, Bottled Or Bulk
...................................................................113
Fruit Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................907
Fruit Evaporating ......................................................................................................113
Fruit Farm ...........................................................................................................0016
Fruit Flavored Drink Mfg.
............................................................................................104
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 186
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Fruit Gift Basket Store - Retail .......................................................................................917
Fruit Juice Dealer - Wholesale
.......................................................................................911
Fruit Juice Mfg. ......................................................................................................113
Fruit Juice Mfg. - From Purchased Concentrates Only ...................................................................104
Fruit Packing, By Grower
............................................................................................0016
Fruit Picking
......................................................................................................0016
Fruit Preserving ......................................................................................................113
Fuel Oil Distributor
.................................................................................................809
Fuel Pump Mfg., Automobile ............................................................................................461
Fuel Yard
...........................................................................................................809
Fumigating - Not Agricultural - By Contractor
........................................................................971
Funeral Director ......................................................................................................997
Funeral Escort Service (Motorcycle)
..................................................................................817
Fungicide Mfg.
......................................................................................................551
Fur Bearing Animal Raising ............................................................................................0170
Fur Clothing - Cleaning, Tumbling, Glazing, Combing And Ironing.........................................................142
Fur Clothing Mfg. (Preparation Of Skins To Be Separately Rated).........................................................161
Fur Dressing Or Dyeing .................................................................................................201
Fur Mfg. - Synthetic
.................................................................................................132
Fur Plate Mfg.
......................................................................................................161
Fur Pointing ...........................................................................................................161
Furnace - Hot Water Or Steam - Installation, Service Or Repair .........................................................663
Furnace Cleaning - Hot Forced Air.......................................................................................664
Furnace Cleaning - Hot Water Or Steam ..................................................................................663
Furnishing Goods Installation
.......................................................................................670
Furnishing Goods Mfg. - Canvas Or Burlap
.............................................................................166
Furnishing Goods Mfg. - Not Canvas Or Burlap
........................................................................163
Furniture Assembling - Wood, By A Furniture Manufacturer, Including Woodworking
.....................................323
Furniture Assembly - From Prefabricated Parts Or Pieces Only - No Woodworking ..........................................319
Furniture Cleaning Or Polishing On Customers' Premises
..............................................................141
Furniture Frame Mfg. - Wood ............................................................................................323
Furniture Installation, Portable, By Dealer.............................................................................922
Furniture Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................456
Furniture Mfg. - Wood .................................................................................................323
Furniture Mfg. - Wrought Iron
.......................................................................................413
Furniture Moving And/Or Storage .......................................................................................806
Furniture Or Fixture Installation - Portable - In Offices Or Stores ....................................................646
Furniture Polish And Wax Mfg.
.......................................................................................571
Furniture Rental - Chairs, Coat Racks, Dishes, Etc. - Retail
.........................................................922
Furniture Stock Mfg. - Non-Turned - By Specialist Contractor
.........................................................305
Furniture Store - Retail
............................................................................................922
Furniture Store - Wholesale ............................................................................................921
Furniture Store Wholesale - Temporary Staff.............................................................................871
Furniture Stripping - Incidental To Assembling Or Refinishing Operations Only ..........................................319
Furniture Stripping, No Woodworking - By Specialist Contractor .........................................................319
Furniture Turned Stock Mfg. - By Specialist Contractor
..............................................................306
Furniture Upholstering .................................................................................................327
Furrier Repairing Or Remodeling Fur Garments
........................................................................916
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 187
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Fuse Mfg. - Electrical .................................................................................................473
Fuse Mfg., Explosive .................................................................................................4771
Galvanizing Works - Hot Dip ............................................................................................402
Ganister Quarry
......................................................................................................050
Garage ................................................................................................................815
Garage Operated As A Subordinate Accommodation ........................................................................---Governing Class
Garbage Or Rubbish Removal ............................................................................................995
Garbage Works - Reduction Or Incineration - Municipal...................................................................980
Garbage Works - Reduction Or Incineration - Private ...................................................................995
Garden - Open To Public Exhibition
..................................................................................969
Garden Center - Retail .................................................................................................928
Garden Equipment Store .................................................................................................925
Garden Supplies Dealer .................................................................................................924
Garden Supplies Store - Retail
.......................................................................................928
Gardener................................................................................................................012
Gardening Tools Mfg.
.................................................................................................433
Garland Mfg. ...........................................................................................................257
Garlic Dealer - Wholesale
............................................................................................907
Garment Rack Mfg. - Metal
............................................................................................456
Garment Sewing Contractor
............................................................................................161
Gas And Electric Fixtures Mfg.
.......................................................................................445
Gas Detection Monitor Mfg. ............................................................................................488
Gas Distribution, Bottled Or Bulk.......................................................................................809
Gas Fireplace Service Or Repair .......................................................................................662
Gas Holder Erection
.................................................................................................655
Gas Main Construction - Local Distribution Systems - All Work To Completion Except Tunneling ...........................617
Gas Meter Mfg.
......................................................................................................488
Gas Meter Reader ......................................................................................................951
Gas Mfg.................................................................................................................553
Gas Or Oil Pipeline Construction - Cross-Country........................................................................609
Gas Or Oil Pipeline Operation
.......................................................................................752
Gas Or Oil Well Services (All Types) - By Contractor ...................................................................607
Gas Pipefitting, Indoor.................................................................................................663
Gas Production
......................................................................................................028
Gas Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate ............................................................................................415
Gas Utility ...........................................................................................................751
Gas Well Drilling ......................................................................................................606
Gas Well Operation......................................................................................................028
Gas, Steam Or Hot Water Apparatus Supplies Dealer - Wholesale .........................................................885
Gas, Steam Or Water Main Repair - By Contractor - All Work To Completion Except Tunneling
...........................617
Gasket Mfg. - Rubber
.................................................................................................225
Gasoline Blending Plant.................................................................................................581
Gasoline Dealer, Wholesale ............................................................................................809
Gasoline Station - Retail - Including Repair Work
...................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Gasoline Station Equipment Installation (Including Excavation) Or Repair ...............................................675
Gasoline Station, Retail - Exclusively Gasoline Sales...................................................................816
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 188
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Gate Mfg. - Ornamental Metal............................................................................................413
Gauge Mfg. - Ring, Plug Or Snap .......................................................................................441
Gear Mfg. Or Grinding .................................................................................................461
Gelatin Mfg. ...........................................................................................................113
General Construction - Commercial.......................................................................................651
Generator Mfg., Electric
............................................................................................474
Geophysical Exploration.................................................................................................955
Geothermal Well Drilling - By Contractor
.............................................................................607
Gilling Of Fibers ......................................................................................................132
Glass Block Installation - Structural Use .............................................................................653
Glass Container Mfg.
.................................................................................................535
Glass Dealer - No Mfg., Glass Bending, Beveling, Grinding, Silvering Or Installation
................................926
Glass Door Installation.................................................................................................666
Glass Installer, Automobile ............................................................................................815
Glass Installer, Except Automobile
..................................................................................666
Glass Merchant - Bending, Beveling, Grinding Or Silvering Plate Glass By Separate Shop Crew ...........................536
Glass Mfg., Stained
.................................................................................................535
Glass Or Window Tinting, Except For Auto Glass ........................................................................667
Glass Ornament Mfg. - From Purchased Glass .............................................................................536
Glass Products Decorating Or Engraving By Specialist Contractor.........................................................281
Glass Sand - Quarrying Or Digging.......................................................................................050
Glassware Mfg.
......................................................................................................535
Glazier, Away From Shop.................................................................................................666
Glazing ................................................................................................................666
Glove Lining Mfg. ......................................................................................................161
Glove Mfg. - Fire Resistant ............................................................................................509
Glove Mfg. - Knit ......................................................................................................134
Glove Mfg. - Rubber
.................................................................................................225
Glove Mfg., Except Fire Resistant, Industrial Use, Knit Or Rubber
....................................................161
Glove Mfg., Including Baseball, Boxing, Handball Or Punching Bag Glove (Except Rubber Gloves)...........................205
Glucose Mfg. ...........................................................................................................103
Goat Farm
...........................................................................................................0083
Gold Leaf Mfg.
......................................................................................................458
Gold Plating ...........................................................................................................449
Golf Cart - Rental, Sale And/Or Maintenance - By Specialist Contractor
...............................................814
Golf Club Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................456
Golf Course - Miniature.................................................................................................969
Golf Course - Pro Shop - Operated By Golf Course........................................................................944
Golf Course - Pro Shop - Operated By Specialist Contractor..............................................................928
Golf Course - Public Or Private .......................................................................................944
Golf Course Operated By Hotel
.......................................................................................973
Golf Driving Range......................................................................................................969
Goodwill Stores
......................................................................................................928
Grading ................................................................................................................609
Grading Preparatory To Building Erection
.............................................................................609
Grain Dealer ...........................................................................................................924
Grain Elevator Operation
............................................................................................855
Grain Farm ...........................................................................................................0006
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 189
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Grain Harvesting By Contractor
.......................................................................................007
Grain Mill - Permanently Located Mill ..................................................................................101
Grandstand Or Bleacher Mfg. - Metal
..................................................................................413
Grandstand Or Bleacher, Erection By Contractor - Portable - Wood
....................................................651
Granite Countertop Installation .......................................................................................668
Granite Quarry
......................................................................................................050
Graphite Products Mfg. .................................................................................................507
Grass Cutting Along Highways By Specialist Contractor...................................................................012
Grass Cutting, Lawns, By Contractor
..................................................................................012
Grate Installation In Boilers, By Specialist Contractor
..............................................................677
Grating Mfg. - Open Steel Flooring
..................................................................................413
Grave Digging - By Contractor
.......................................................................................609
Gravel Crushing By Dealer
............................................................................................059
Gravel Or Sand Digging Or Excavation - Including Crushing ..............................................................055
Grease And Tallow Mfg. .................................................................................................114
Grease Mfg., Animal
.................................................................................................114
Grease Mixing Or Blending, Not Animal Or Vegetable
...................................................................581
Greenhouse Erection
.................................................................................................651
Greenhouse, Flower Or Vegetable Growing
.............................................................................0011
Greeting Card Printing By Publisher Or Contractor
...................................................................281
Greeting Card Shop......................................................................................................928
Grey Iron Foundry ......................................................................................................425
Grinding Wheel Mfg.
.................................................................................................513
Grindstone Mfg., No Quarrying
.......................................................................................513
Grist Mill - Permanently Located .......................................................................................101
Grist Mill, Portable, Operated By Contractor
........................................................................007
Grocery - Wholesale
.................................................................................................911
Grocery Store - Retail .................................................................................................917
Grocery, Tea, Coffee Dealer - Retail ..................................................................................917
Ground Personnel - Aircraft And/Or Airport Operations
..............................................................7428
Group Home - 9 Or More Per Facility Licensed As Community Residential Services For Individuals With Intellectual Dis ..940
Group Home - Developmentally Disabled (Not Intermediate Care Facility) - 8 Or Fewer Clients Per Facility
............941
Group Home - Intermediate Care Facility For Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities- Regardless Of Client Count
..940
Grouting - Including Drilling - Placing Of Cement, Plastic Compounds Or Concrete, Or Pumping Of Fly Ash.................654
Guard Or Patrol Service - By Contractor
.............................................................................954
Guardrail Erection - By Specialist Contractor
........................................................................658
Guardrail Or Metal Fence Erection - By Road Contractor
..............................................................601
Guards At Corr. Institutions, House Of Corr., Prisons Or Prison Farms - Not State Employees ...........................985
Gun Forging, Iron And Steel ............................................................................................431
Gun Shop - Retail ......................................................................................................928
Gun, Handgun Mfg. ......................................................................................................445
Guniting (Shotcrete Installation).......................................................................................654
Gunstock Mfg., Finished Or Unfinished Shapes
........................................................................306
Gutter Installation - Metal ............................................................................................676
Gymnastics Training
.................................................................................................968
Gypsum Quarry...........................................................................................................051
Hackling Of Fibers......................................................................................................132
Hair Dryer Mfg. - Hand-Held ............................................................................................473
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 190
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Hair Processing (Excluding Dehairing Or Wig-Making) ...................................................................132
Hair Transplantation
.................................................................................................957
Hairdressing Shop ......................................................................................................977
Halfway House - Pre-Parole Or Probation
.............................................................................986
Ham - Boiled, Boneless, Roasted, And Smoked Mfg.........................................................................106
Hamburger Or Hamburger Patty Mfg........................................................................................119
Hammock Mfg. ...........................................................................................................163
Hand Tool Mfg. - Electric - Portable ..................................................................................473
Hand Tool Mfg. - Non-Forged (Excluding Axes, Agricultural Tools, Sledgehammers Or Wheelbarrows)
......................445
Handbag (Women's) Store.................................................................................................928
Handbag, Mfg. - From All Materials
..................................................................................205
Handbill Distribution .................................................................................................951
Handgun Mfg. ...........................................................................................................445
Handicapped - Transportation Services For .............................................................................828
Handkerchief Mfg. ......................................................................................................161
Handle Mfg. - Wood......................................................................................................306
Hangar Operation ......................................................................................................7428
Hardscaping Installation
............................................................................................653
Hardware Mfg. - Nonferrous - By Foundry Method ........................................................................447
Hardware Mfg. - Temporary Staff .......................................................................................493
Hardware Mfg., N.O.C. - Supplemental Foundry Exposure Loading .........................................................0067
Hardware Mfg., N.O.C. Including Foundry
.............................................................................445
Hardware Store - Retail.................................................................................................925
Hardware Store - Wholesale ............................................................................................926
Hardware Store - Wholesale - Temporary Staff
........................................................................881
Hardwood Dimension And Flooring Mill, No Sawmill Operation..............................................................305
Hardwood Floor Laying .................................................................................................648
Harness Or Saddle Mfg. .................................................................................................205
Harvesting By Contractor
............................................................................................007
Hat Block Mfg. - Wood .................................................................................................306
Hat Frame Mfg., Ladies .................................................................................................161
Hat Lining Mfg.
......................................................................................................161
Hat Mfg., Felt
......................................................................................................161
Hat Mfg., N.O.C. ......................................................................................................161
Hat Mfg., Safety - See Helmet
.......................................................................................---Hat Store - Cloth, Felt, Fur Or Straw ..................................................................................916
Hatchery - Poultry
.................................................................................................0034
Hatters' Fur Processing.................................................................................................130
Hauling Contractor......................................................................................................811
Hay Baling, By Contractor
............................................................................................007
Hay Dealer
...........................................................................................................924
Haz Mat (Hazardous Materials) Response Team - Volunteer
..............................................................996
Head Start Program......................................................................................................891
Headboard Mfg. - Wood (Upholstery Work If Conducted By A Sep. Crew In A Sep. Dept. Shall Be Separately Rated)
.......323
Health Club ...........................................................................................................884
Health Food Dealer - Wholesale
.......................................................................................911
Health Food Store - Retail ............................................................................................917
Health Or Exercise Club.................................................................................................884
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 191
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Hearing Aid - Sale And Service
.......................................................................................920
Hearing Aid Ear Mold Mfg.
............................................................................................489
Hearing Aid Mfg. ......................................................................................................485
Hearse Body Mfg. ......................................................................................................451
Heart Scan Systems Mfg..................................................................................................488
Heater Or Radiator Mfg. - Cast Iron
..................................................................................425
Heating Equipment - Installation - Hot Water Or Steam...................................................................663
Heating Pad Mfg. ......................................................................................................473
Heating Pad Mfg. - Fabric Covering Only
.............................................................................163
Heating Systems - Hot Forced Air, Repair Or Service - Cleaning, Oiling Or Adjusting.....................................664
Heating Systems Installation, Except Electric, Hot Water Or Steam
....................................................664
Heating, Ventilating Or Air Conditioning Equipment Or Parts Dealer - Wholesale..........................................885
Heat-Treating Of Metal - By Specialist Contractor
...................................................................433
Heel Mfg. - Rubber......................................................................................................225
Helicopter Operation, N.O.C.
.......................................................................................7424
Heliport Operation - Ground Personnel..................................................................................7428
Helmet Mfg., Safety - Use Appropriate Plastics Molding Class .........................................................---Hemp Spinning And Weaving
............................................................................................132
Herb Dealer - Wholesale.................................................................................................911
Herbicide Mfg.
......................................................................................................551
Herbs - Blending, Grinding And Packing..................................................................................104
Hide Dealer - Including Salting - Curing
.............................................................................924
High Explosives Mfg. .................................................................................................4771
Highway Maintenance, Scraping, Paving Or Repaving By Contractor.........................................................601
Highway Operation - Toll Collector
..................................................................................951
Hobby Shop - Retail
.................................................................................................928
Hog Farm
...........................................................................................................0034
Hoist Installation......................................................................................................675
Hoisting Systems Mfg. .................................................................................................465
Holiday Decorations Mfg. - Paper Or Plastic.............................................................................257
Hollow Metal Door Installation
.......................................................................................651
Home For Orphans ......................................................................................................941
Home For Unwed Mothers - No Medical Services
........................................................................986
Home Freezer Dealer - Retail............................................................................................922
Home Health Aide ......................................................................................................943
Home Health Care Services - Nonprofessional Staff
...................................................................943
Home Health Care Services - Professional Staff ........................................................................942
Home Improvements And/Or Remodeling
..................................................................................652
Homemaker Service ......................................................................................................943
Homeowners' Association
............................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Hood Mfg., Range ......................................................................................................454
Horizontal Directional Drilling - For Underground Utility Construction - By Contractor ................................607
Horse Breeding Farm Or Boarding/Training Stable ........................................................................801
Horse Driven Carriage Tours Or Taxis ..................................................................................801
Horse Shoeing By Specialist Contractor..................................................................................801
Horse Show
...........................................................................................................969
Horseshoe Mfg.
......................................................................................................431
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 192
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Hose Mfg. - Plastic
.................................................................................................222
Hose Mfg. - Rubber......................................................................................................225
Hosiery Dyeing
......................................................................................................135
Hosiery Finishing ......................................................................................................135
Hosiery Mfg. ...........................................................................................................135
Hospice Care Performed In Client's Residence - Nonprofessional Staff....................................................943
Hospice Care Performed In Client's Residence - Professional Staff
....................................................942
Hospital, All Employees.................................................................................................961
Hospital, Psychiatric .................................................................................................958
Hospital, Rehabilitation
............................................................................................958
Hospital, Veterinary
.................................................................................................959
Hot Air Ballooning
.................................................................................................7424
Hot House, Vegetable Growing
.......................................................................................0011
Hot Tub Or Spa Dealer - Retail
.......................................................................................925
Hot Tub Or Spa Dealer - Wholesale.......................................................................................926
Hot Water Tank - Installation, Service Or Repair........................................................................663
Hotel - All Other Employees............................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
Hotel Kitchen Equipment Mfg.............................................................................................454
Hotel Restaurant Employees ............................................................................................---See General Auditing & Classification Information
House Cleaning By Contractor - Interior
.............................................................................882
House Furnishings Installation
.......................................................................................670
House Furnishings Mfg. - From Textile Fabrics
........................................................................163
House Moving - See Wrecking Or Demolition Or Building Moving Or Raising Project - Gen. Aud. & Class
.................---House Of Correction Guards (Not State Employees)........................................................................985
House Slippers Mfg.
.................................................................................................204
Household Appliance Store, Small - Retail .............................................................................925
Household Appliances Dealer, Major - Retail.............................................................................922
Household Appliances Dealer, Small - Wholesale ........................................................................926
Household Bleach, Dry Or Liquid Mfg. ..................................................................................571
Household Cooking Utensil Mfg.
.......................................................................................454
Household Furniture Dealer - Retail
..................................................................................922
Household Goods Packing At The Customer's Location By The Moving Company Or By Independent Contractor .................806
Household Laundry Equipment Dealer - Retail.............................................................................922
Household Linens, Bedspreads, Towels, Drapes Mfg.
...................................................................163
Household Major Or Commercial Appliances, Electrical Or Gas - Service Or Repair
.....................................662
Household Refrigerator Dealer - Retail..................................................................................922
Household Vacuum Cleaner Dealer - Wholesale.............................................................................926
Household Vacuum Cleaner Store, Small - Retail ........................................................................925
Housing Authority ......................................................................................................983
Humidifier Mfg.
......................................................................................................473
Humus Digging And Bagging
............................................................................................609
Humus Or Topsoil Dealer - No Excavation
.............................................................................855
Hydrant Mfg. Water - Cast Iron
.......................................................................................425
Hydraulic Device Mfg. - Jacks, Auto Lifts .............................................................................461
Hydraulic Stabilizer Mfg., For Trains ..................................................................................445
Hydrogen Mfg............................................................................................................553
© 2014 PENNSYLVANIA COMPENSATION RATING BUREAU
PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 193
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Hydroponic Vegetable Production .......................................................................................0011
Ice Cream Cabinet Mfg. .................................................................................................456
Ice Cream Cone Mfg.
.................................................................................................105
Ice Cream Dealer - Wholesale............................................................................................911
Ice Cream Mfg.
......................................................................................................110
Ice Cream, Store Or Street Vending - Retail.............................................................................928
Ice Dealer - No Mfg.
.................................................................................................855
Ice Mfg. - Not Dry Ice .................................................................................................104
Ice Mfg., Dry Ice ......................................................................................................553
Implant Mfg. - Medical (e.g., Hips, Knees) .............................................................................459
Impregnated Fabrics Mfg.
............................................................................................139
Incandescent Light Bulb Mfg.............................................................................................486
Incubator Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................456
Index Card Mfg.
......................................................................................................265
Industrial Boiler Mfg. .................................................................................................415
Industrial Caterer......................................................................................................898
Industrial Crane Installation
.......................................................................................675
Industrial Equipment Repair, Shop Only..................................................................................461
Industrial Film Production Company
..................................................................................936
Industrial Gas Mfg.
.................................................................................................553
Industrial Knife Mfg. - All Types.......................................................................................445
Industrial Launderer
.................................................................................................141
Industrial Locomotive And Parts Mfg. ..................................................................................416
Industrial Pattern - Cast-Metal, Mfg...................................................................................---See Appropriate Foundry Class
Industrial Truck Mfg. .................................................................................................463
Infant Wear Service Laundry ............................................................................................141
Inflatable Amusement - Rental
.......................................................................................922
Infrared Homing Systems Mfg.............................................................................................485
Injection Molding Of Plastics
.......................................................................................221
Ink Mfg., Printing......................................................................................................563
Inorganic Pigment Mfg. .................................................................................................563
Inpatient Non-Hospital Detoxification Or Drug Free Licensed Facility....................................................958
Insecticide Mfg. ......................................................................................................551
Inspection Of Mercantile, Mfg. Or Risks For Insurance Or Valuation Purposes - By Independent Contractor.................951
Inspection Of Mercantile, Mfg. Or Risks For Insurance Or Valuation Purposes - By Insurance Company......................984
Installation Of Hod Hoists, Etc. .......................................................................................675
Installation Of Telephone Or Electric Pole Hardware ...................................................................656
Installation Of Telephone Or Electric Transformers
...................................................................656
Installation Of Well Pad Containment Liners & Fences (Barriers) - By Independent Contractor ...........................012
Installation Or Dismantling Of Machinery And Industrial Equipment, By Contractor
.....................................675
Institutional Caterer .................................................................................................898
Instrument - Professional Or Scientific - Service Or Repair - Shop Or Field
..........................................952
Insulated Clothing Mfg. - Thermal Type..................................................................................161
Insulation (Asbestos) - Encapsulation Or Removal (Except Pipe Insulation)...............................................651
Insulation Dealer ......................................................................................................855
Insulation Work, N.O.C..................................................................................................647
Insulation Work, Pipe (Incl. Asbestos Encapsulation Or Removal).........................................................663
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Insulation Work, Residential............................................................................................647
Insurance Adjuster - By Independent Contractor ........................................................................951
Insurance Company ......................................................................................................984
Insurance Traveling Auditor - Independent Contractor ...................................................................951
Integrated Circuit Mfg..................................................................................................472
Intercommunication System Installation, Within Buildings ..............................................................660
Intercommunications Equipment Mfg.
..................................................................................485
Interior Decorator - No Installation Work - Classify Per Business Of The Employer .....................................---Interior Design Firm, Supervising Or Consulting ........................................................................905
Interior Marble Installation............................................................................................668
Interior Stripping/Gutting Of Buildings
.............................................................................651
Interior Tile Mosaic Work
............................................................................................668
Interior Trim Installation - Wood.......................................................................................648
Intermediate Care Facility For Individuals With Intellectual Disabilities - Regardless Of Client Count .................940
Intermediate Unit (Special Education) ..................................................................................893
Internal Combustion Engine Mfg. .......................................................................................461
Inventory Service - By Specialist Contractor
........................................................................951
Investigative Agency - All Types .......................................................................................904
Investment Casting......................................................................................................445
Investment Castings Mfg. - Nonferrous Metals
........................................................................447
Invisible Fence Installation............................................................................................660
Iron Erection...........................................................................................................655
Iron Erection, Ornamental Or Non-Structural Only........................................................................658
Iron Forging ...........................................................................................................431
Iron Foundry, N.O.C. (See Also Classes 427 And 445) ...................................................................425
Iron Or Steel Erection, Structural
..................................................................................655
Iron Or Steel Merchant, New Materials Only .............................................................................857
Iron Or Steel Scrap Dealer ............................................................................................858
Iron Ore Mining - Underground
.......................................................................................025
Iron Recovery By Chemical Means .......................................................................................551
Iron Shutter Mfg. ......................................................................................................413
Iron, Ornamental, Fabrication Shop
..................................................................................413
Irrigation Plant, Selling And Pipe-Distributing Water...................................................................753
Irrigation System Construction
.......................................................................................609
Jackhammer Mfg.
......................................................................................................461
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen - Metal Or Glass, Erection Of ..............................................................651
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen - Metal Or Glass, Erection Of - Residential ...............................................652
Jalousie Or Jalousie Screen Mfg. - Metal Or Glass
...................................................................456
Jam Mfg.................................................................................................................113
Janitor Service Contractor ............................................................................................971
Janitorial Supply Dealer - Wholesale ..................................................................................926
Jelly Mfg.
...........................................................................................................113
Jetty Construction - State Coverage Only
.............................................................................611
Jewel Setting And Mounting ............................................................................................458
Jeweler, Findings And Materials Dealer..................................................................................920
Jewelry Mfg. ...........................................................................................................458
Jewelry Polishing ......................................................................................................458
Jewelry Store - Wholesale Or Retail
..................................................................................920
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Jig Or Fixture Mfg.
.................................................................................................441
Jockey - Employed By A Horse Breeding Farm Or Boarding/Training Stable
...............................................801
Jockey - Employed By A Race Track.......................................................................................969
Juice Mfg. - Fruit......................................................................................................113
Jukebox Operation, Service Or Repair ..................................................................................933
Junk Dealer ...........................................................................................................860
Jute Spinning And Weaving
............................................................................................132
Karate Or Other Martial Arts Institute..................................................................................968
Keg Mfg. - Wood
......................................................................................................305
Kerosene Distribution .................................................................................................809
Kerosene Mfg............................................................................................................581
Ketchup Mfg. ...........................................................................................................113
Kiddie Rides - All Operations - Permanently Sited
...................................................................969
Kiddie Rides - All Operations - Traveling .............................................................................939
Kiln Drying Of Lumber - By Sawmill
..................................................................................301
Kiln Drying Of Lumber - No Sawmill Operations
........................................................................855
Kindergarten, Not Operated In Conjunction With Grade School
.........................................................891
Kiosk Mfg.
...........................................................................................................311
Kitchen And/Or Bath Fixture Dealer
..................................................................................885
Kitchen Cabinet Installation - Wood
..................................................................................648
Kitchen Equipment Exhaust Duct Cleaning - By Specialist Contractor ....................................................971
Kitchen Equipment Installation - (Commercial)
........................................................................646
Kite Mfg.
...........................................................................................................163
Knapsack Mfg............................................................................................................166
Knit Glove Mfg.
......................................................................................................134
Knit Goods Mfg., N.O.C..................................................................................................134
Knitting Mill, Hosiery .................................................................................................135
Label (Pressure-Sensitive) Printing By Web Press - By Specialist Contractor
..........................................281
Label Mfg. - Metal......................................................................................................441
Label Mfg., Woven Labels
............................................................................................132
Label Printing - Non-Pressure-Sensitive - Assign Applicable Printing Class
..........................................---Labor Union ...........................................................................................................903
Laboratory Animal Breeding Or Raising (Rats, Mice, Guinea Pigs, Rabbits, Etc.)..........................................959
Laboratory Glassware Mfg. - From Purchased Glass........................................................................536
Lace Mfg.
...........................................................................................................134
Lacquer Mfg. ...........................................................................................................563
Ladder Mfg. - Metal
.................................................................................................456
Ladder Mfg. - Wood......................................................................................................306
Laminated Glass Products Mfg. - From Purchased Glass ...................................................................536
Laminated Wood Building Beam And Column Mfg.
........................................................................305
Laminating - Paper - By Contractor
..................................................................................263
Lamp (Floor Or Table) Assembly Only - No Metal Or Wood Fabricating ....................................................319
Lamp Or Portable Lantern Mfg.
.......................................................................................445
Lamp Post Mfg. - Metal .................................................................................................413
Lamp Shade Frame Mfg. .................................................................................................457
Lamp Shade Mfg. (Excluding Frame Manufacturing) ........................................................................163
Landfill Operation......................................................................................................609
Landfill Operations By A Rubbish Or Garbage Removal Contractor .........................................................995
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Landscape Architectural Firm - No Construction Work ...................................................................905
Landscape Contractor
.................................................................................................012
Landscaping Supplies Dealer (e.g., Mulch, Topsoil Or Stone)
.........................................................855
Lapidary................................................................................................................458
Laser Printer Cartridge Mfg. Or Remanufacture
........................................................................483
Laser Printing By Contractor............................................................................................932
Last Block Mfg.
......................................................................................................305
Last Form Mfg. - Wooden.................................................................................................441
Last Mfg. - Cast Metal.................................................................................................---See Appropriate Foundry Class
Latex, Foamed Mfg.......................................................................................................225
Lath Mfg. - Wood ......................................................................................................306
Lathing ................................................................................................................669
Launderer, Industrial .................................................................................................141
Laundry - Coin-Operated - Self-Service..................................................................................928
Laundry Collection By Dry Cleaner.......................................................................................142
Laundry Collection By Launderer .......................................................................................141
Laundry Collector Without Laundry (Excluding Contract Hauler) .........................................................928
Laundry Equipment Installation, Service Or Repair - Industrial .........................................................675
Laundry, Hand...........................................................................................................141
Laundry, N.O.C.
......................................................................................................141
Laundry, Waste Cloth, Operated By Dealers In Used Materials
.........................................................862
Law Firm................................................................................................................956
Lawn Care Service Company - Including Lawn Cutting, Maintenance Or Spraying
..........................................012
Lawn Mower Sale Or Service (Including Riding Type)
...................................................................925
Lawn Sprinkler Installation ............................................................................................663
Lead Mfg., Red Or White.................................................................................................402
Lead Paint Removal (From A Pipe Surface) - By Contractor ..............................................................663
Lead Paint Removal (From Any Non-Pipe Surface) - By Contractor .........................................................651
Lead Pencil Mfg. ......................................................................................................306
Lead Scrap Dealer ......................................................................................................859
Lead Sheet, Pipe And Shot Mfg.
.......................................................................................402
Lead Smelting...........................................................................................................402
Lead Smelting And Refining, Primary
..................................................................................402
Leaf Spring Mfg. ......................................................................................................435
Leash Mfg.
...........................................................................................................205
Leather (Imitation) Mfg.
............................................................................................227
Leather Belting Mfg.
.................................................................................................205
Leather Clothing Mfg. .................................................................................................161
Leather Dealer
......................................................................................................201
Leather Dressing ......................................................................................................201
Leather Embossing ......................................................................................................205
Leather Finishing ......................................................................................................201
Leather Goods Mfg., N.O.C. (See Also Gloves, Hats, Shoes) ..............................................................205
Leather Skiving
......................................................................................................205
Leather Tanning
......................................................................................................201
Levee Construction......................................................................................................609
Library - Public ......................................................................................................890
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
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UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Licorice Extract Mfg. .................................................................................................104
Life Care Community - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher ................................960
Life Care Community - With Less Than 50 Pct. Of Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher ...........................974
Life Jacket Mfg. - Inflatable Rubberized Fabric ........................................................................225
Life Jacket Or Preserver Mfg.
.......................................................................................166
Life Raft Mfg. - Rubber.................................................................................................225
Light Emitting Diode Mfg.
............................................................................................472
Lighting Fixture And Supplies Store
..................................................................................925
Lighting Fixtures And Supplies Dealer ..................................................................................886
Lighting Fixtures Mfg. .................................................................................................445
Lime Burning Or Processing - By Limestone Quarry Operator ..............................................................051
Lime Burning Or Processing - By Specialist Contractor...................................................................501
Lime Quarry ...........................................................................................................051
Lime Spreading
......................................................................................................007
Limousine Services......................................................................................................817
Linen Cloth Weaving
.................................................................................................132
Linen Mfg. - House Furnishings
.......................................................................................163
Linen Supply Service Including Laundering .............................................................................141
Linen Thread Mfg. ......................................................................................................132
Linens Shop ...........................................................................................................916
Lingerie Mfg............................................................................................................161
Lining For Casket Interiors Mfg. - No Casket Mfg. Or Upholstery Work....................................................163
Lining Mfg. - Hat ......................................................................................................161
Linings, Sewing Into Coats By Hand
..................................................................................161
Linoleum Laying
......................................................................................................670
Linoleum Mfg............................................................................................................227
Liquefied Petroleum Gas Dealer And Distributor ........................................................................809
Liquid Crystal Display Mfg. ............................................................................................472
Liquid Oxygen Tank Mfg. - Metal Plate ..................................................................................415
Liquid Waste Treatment Plant............................................................................................753
Liquor/Wine Dealer......................................................................................................924
Livestock (Excluding Dairy Or Horses) Farm - Animal Raising In Fields/Pastures
.....................................0083
Livestock Commission Merchant
.......................................................................................801
Livestock Dealer ......................................................................................................801
Livestock Tattooing, By Contractor
..................................................................................959
Locker Mfg. - Metal
.................................................................................................456
Locks, Installation In New Buildings ..................................................................................648
Locksmith - Including Shop - A Specialist Contractor ...................................................................925
Locomotive And Parts Mfg.
............................................................................................416
Log Dealer - No Logging Or Sawmill Operations
........................................................................855
Log Mfg. - Synthetic (Wax And Sawdust Combination)
...................................................................571
Logging - By Chain Saws.................................................................................................009
Logging - By Means Of Mechanized Equipment .............................................................................015
Logging Of Oil And/Or Gas Wells - By Contractor ........................................................................607
Logging Or Lumbering Business - Trucking To Sawmill Or Unrelated Customer - Assign Applicable Logging Class............---Logging Tools Mfg.......................................................................................................433
Long Term Care Facility - With 50 Pct. Or More Beds Licensed As Intermediate Care Or Higher ...........................960
Loose-Leaf Binder Or Ledger Mfg. .......................................................................................265
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PENNSYLVANIA WORKERS COMPENSATION MANUAL
SECTION 2
EFFECTIVE DATE: APRIL 1, 2014
Page A 198
UNDERWRITING GUIDE ALPHABETIC
Lubricant, Blending
.................................................................................................581
Lubricating Oil And Grease Mfg., Excluding Animal And Vegetable Products ...............................................581
Luggage Mfg., Excluding Trunks
.......................................................................................205
Luggage Store - Retail .................................................................................................928
Lumber And Building Material Dealer - Store Employees - For Use In Conjunction With Class 855 Only......................935
Lumber Cutting, Incidental Cutting To Size By Lumber Yard ..............................................................855
Lumber Dealer...........................................................................................................855
Lumber Yard, Secondhand Material .......................................................................................855
Lumbering - By Chain Saws
............................................................................................009
Lumbering - By Means Of Mechanized Equipment
........................