WLR-5002 User Manual - CD

WLR-5002 User Manual - CD
WLR-5002
User Manual
Table of Contents
Introduction .......................................................................................................... 3
Package Contents .................................................................................................. 5
Cautions ............................................................................................................... 6
Product Layout ...................................................................................................... 7
Network + System Requirements ............................................................................ 9
Setup your Router ................................................................................................10
Setup your Computer ............................................................................................11
Login to your Router .............................................................................................14
Configure your Internet connection .........................................................................15
Configure your Router ...........................................................................................18
Wireless Settings ..................................................................................................23
Firewall Settings ...................................................................................................31
Advanced Settings ................................................................................................35
Toolbox Settings...................................................................................................41
Addendum A: USB Port Control Center ....................................................................45
Addendum B: Declaration of Conformity ..................................................................55
Addendum C: GNU/GPL Leaflet ..............................................................................57
Addendum D: GNU/GPL .........................................................................................58
Revision 1.0
© Sitecom Europe BV 2013
Note: All the information contained in this manual was correct at the time of publication.
However, as our engineers are always updating and improving the product, your device’s
software may have a slightly different appearance or modified functionality than
presented in this manual.
Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the WiFi Router AC750. This router is compliant with
the 802.11ac draft and and up to 2 times faster than standard 802.11n based routers
while still being compatible with 802.11g & 802.11b devices. This router is not only a
Wireless Access Point, but also doubles as a 4-port full-duplex Gigabit switch that
connects your wired-Ethernet devices together at 10/100/1000 Mbps speeds.
At 300Mbps wireless transmission rate on 2.4GHz and 433 Mbps wireless transmission
rate on 5GHz, the Access Point built into the router uses advanced MIMO (Multi-Input,
Multi-Output) technology to transmit multiple streams of data in a single wireless
channel, giving you seamless access to multimedia content. The robust RF signal travels
farther, eliminates dead spots and extends the network range. For data protection and
privacy, the router encodes all wireless transmissions with WEP, WPA, or WPA2
encryption.
With the built-in DHCP Server & powerful SPI firewall, the router protects your computers
against intruders and most known Internet attacks and also provides safe VPN passthrough. With the incredible speed and QoS function of 802.11n, the router is ideal for
media-centric applications like streaming video, gaming, and VoIP telephony to run
multiple media-intense data streams through the network at the same time, with no
degradation in performance.
Key Features
Features
Advantages
Incredible Data Rate up to
Heavy data payloads such as MPEG video
433Mbps*
streaming
IEEE 802.11n Compliant and
Fully Interoperable with IEEE 802.11b /
backwards compatible with
IEEE802.11g, IEEE802.11n compliant
802.11b/g/n
devices with legacy protection
Four 10/100/1000 Mbps gigabit
Switch Ports (Auto-Crossover)
Firewall supports Virtual Server
Mapping, DMZ, IP Filter, ICMP
Blocking, SPI
Scalability, extend your network.
Avoids the attacks of Hackers or Viruses
from Internet
Support 802.1x authenticator,
Provide mutual authentication (Client
802.11i (WPA/WPA2, AES), VPN
and dynamic encryption keys to enhance
pass-through
security
Guest Network
Devices connected to the Guest network
will have Internet connection but no
access to the main network and cannot
communicate with each other.
IPv6 support
Support for Static, Native, 6RD and DSLite.
USB Port
Connect any USB device and share it in
your network.
* Theoretical wireless signal rate based on IEEE standard of 802.11a, b, g, n, ac chipset
used. Actual throughput may vary. Network conditions and environmental factors lower
actual throughput rate. All specifications are subject to change without notice.
Package Contents
Open the package carefully, and make sure that none of the items listed below are
missing. Do not discard the packing materials, in case of return; the unit must be
shipped back in its original package.
The WLR-5002 WiFi Router AC750
A 110V~240V to 12V 1A Switching Power Adapter
A Quick Install Guide
An UTP cable
Cautions
This router’s design and manufacturer has your safety in mind. In order to safely and
effectively use this router, please read the following before usage.
Usage Cautions
The user should not modify this router. The environmental temperature should be within
+5 ~ +35 degrees Celsius.
Power
The router’s power voltage is DC 12V 1A.
When using this router, please connect the supplied AC adapter or AC adapter cable to
the router’s power jack. When placing the adapter cable, make sure it can’t get damaged
or be subject to pressure. To reduce the risk of electric shock, unplug the adapter first
before cleaning it. Never connect the adapter to the router in a humid or dusty area. Do
not replace the adapter or cable’s wire or connector.
Repair
If the router has a problem, you should take it to an appointed repair center and let the
specialists do the repair. Never repair the router yourself, you might damage the router
or endanger yourself.
Disposing of the Router
When you dispose of the router, be sure to dispose it appropriately. Some countries may
regulate disposal of an electrical device, please consult with your local authority.
Others
When using this router, please do not let it come into contact with water or other liquids.
If water is accidentally spilled on the router, please use a dry cloth to absorb the spillage.
Electronic products are vulnerable, when using please avoid shaking or hitting the router,
and do not press the buttons too hard.
Do not let the router come into contact with water or other liquid.
Do not disassemble, repair or change the design of the router; any damage done
will not be included in the repair policy.
Avoid hitting the router with a hard object, avoid shaking the router and stay
away from magnetic fields.
If during electrostatic discharge or a strong electromagnetic field the product will
malfunction, unplug the power cable. The product will return to normal
performance the next time it is powered on.
Product Layout
Port
Description
Power connector
Connect the 12V DC adapter to this port
LAN (Yellow)
Connect your PCs or network devices to these ports
WAN (Blue)
Connect your ADSL/Cable modem to this port
USB Port
Connect a USB device to this port
Backlabel and Network Details Folder
The Network Details Folder describes the IP address, login details, network name,
security code and OPS button functionality.
Button
OPS BUTTON
Description
Press 0-5 seconds for OPS mode
Press 15 Seconds to reset the router to factory defaults.
LED Definition
As shown from the top to the bottom.
Port
Description
OPS (White)
Shows OPS activity.
Power (Red)
Shows the device is turned on.
2.4GHz (Blue)
Shows 2.4GHz WiFi activity.
WAN (Blue)
Shows the WAN cable is connected.
LAN (Blue)
Shows the cable is connected.
LAN (Blue)
Shows the cable is connected.
LAN (Blue)
Shows the cable is connected.
LAN (Blue)
Shows the cable is connected.
Network + System Requirements
To begin using the router, make sure you meet the following as minimum requirements:
PC/Notebook.
Operating System – Microsoft Windows XP/VISTA/7/8 or Mac OSX
1 Free Ethernet port.
WiFi card/USB dongle (802.11 a/b/g/n/ac) – optional.
External xDSL (ADSL) or Cable modem with an Ethernet port (RJ-45).
PC with a Web-Browser (Internet Explorer, Safari, Firefox, Opera)
Ethernet compatible CAT5e cables.
Setup your Router
You can place the router on a desk or other flat surface, or you can mount it on a wall.
For optimal performance, place your router in the center of your home (or your office) in
a location that is away from any potential source of interference, such as a metal wall or
microwave oven. This location must be close to a power connection and your ADSL/Cable
modem.
Connect the supplied power-adapter to the power inlet port and connect it to a wall
outlet. Switch the router on by flipping the switch on the back of the device. The router
automatically enters the self-test phase. During self-test phase, the Power LED will be lit
continuously to indicate that this product is in normal operation.
Setup your Computer
Windows, Manual Connection
Click on the icon for wireless connectivity. This is usually located in the System
Tray, next to the clock.
Select the Sitecom network. The correct network name can be found on the
sticker on bottom of the router, or in the Network Details Folder.
Fill in the password for the wireless network. The correct password can be found
on the sticker on the bottom of the router, or in the Network Details Folder.
Wait for the icon to display that it’s connected to the network.
Windows, OPS Connection
Click on the icon for wireless connectivity. This is usually located in the System
Tray, next to the clock.
Select the Sitecom network. The correct network name can be found on the
sticker on bottom of the router, or in the Network Details Folder.
Push the OPS Button on the router. Keep the button pushed for 0-5 seconds.
Wait for the icon to display that it’s connected to the network.
Mac OSX
Click on the icon for wireless connectivity. This is usually located in the System
Tray, next to the clock.
Select the Sitecom network. The correct network name can be found on the
sticker on bottom of the router, or in the Network Details Folder.
Fill in the password for the wireless network. The correct password can be found
on the sticker on the bottom of the router, or in the Network Details Folder.
Wait for the icon to display that it’s connected to the network.
Login to your Router
LOGIN procedure
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OPEN your browser (e.g. Internet Explorer).
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Type http://sitecom.router in the address bar and press [Enter].
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Type user name and password. The default username is admin, the password
can be found on the back label on the bottom of your router.
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Click OK.
You will see the home page of the WiFi Router AC750.
Configure your Internet connection
From the menu, select “Internet Settings”.
Depending on the chosen setting, you may need to enter your user name and password,
MAC address or hostname in the following window. After you have entered the correct
information, click Apply.
IPv6 Configuration
The IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) section is where you configure your IPv6
Connection type.
IPv6 Connection Type
There are several connection types to choose from: Static IPv6, Autoconfiguration, 6RD
and Link-local only. If you are unsure of your connection method, please contact your
IPv6 Internet Service Provider.
Static IPv6 Mode
This mode is used when your ISP provides you with a set IPv6 addresses that does not
change. The IPv6 information is manually entered in your IPv6 configuration settings.
You must enter the IPv6 address, Subnet Prefix Length, Default Gateway, Primary DNS
Server and Secondary DNS Server. Your ISP provides you with all this information.
6RD Mode
In the 6RD mode, no additional configuration is necessary.
Link-local Mode
The Link-local address is used by nodes and routers when communicating with
neighboring nodes on the same link. This mode enables IPv6-capable devices to
communicate with each other on the LAN side.
Configure your Router
Status
The System status section allows you to monitor the current status of your router, the up
time, hardware information and serial number as well as firmware version information is
displayed here.
DHCP Server
The DHCP Server tab gives you the opportunity to change the IP settings of the router.
Click Apply at the bottom of this screen to save any changes.
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IP address 192.168.0.1: It is the router’s LAN IP address (Your LAN clients
default gateway IP address).
IP Subnet Mask 255.255.255.0: Specify a Subnet Mask for your LAN
segment.
802.1d Spanning Tree: Disabled by default. If the 802.1d Spanning Tree
function is enabled, this router will use the spanning tree protocol to prevent
network loops.
DHCP Server: Enabled by default. You can enable or disable the DHCP server.
When DHCP is disabled no ip-addresses are assigned to clients and you have
to use static ip-addresses. When DHCP server is enabled your computers will
be assigned an ip-address automatically until the lease time expires.
Lease Time: One Week. In the Lease Time setting you can specify the time
period that the DHCP lends an IP address to your LAN clients. The DHCP will
change your LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is
reached.
IP Address Pool: You can select a particular IP address range for your DHCP
server to issue IP addresses to your LAN Clients. The default IP range is
192.168.0.100 ~ 192.168.0.200. If you want your PC(s) to have a static/fixed
IP address, then you’ll have to choose an IP address outside this IP address
Pool
Domain Name: You can specify a Domain Name for your LAN or just keep the
default (sitecom.router).
Device Status
View the router’s current configuration settings. Device Status displays the configuration
settings you’ve configured in the Internet Settings and WiFi Settings sections.
DHCP Client Status
This page shows all DHCP clients (LAN PCs) currently connected to your network. The
table shows the assigned IP address, MAC address and expiration time for each DHCP
leased client. Use the Refresh button to update the available information.
You can check “Enable Static DHCP IP”. It is possible to add more static DHCP IPs. They
are listed in the table Current Static DHCP Table. IP can be deleted at will from the table.
Click Apply to save the changed configuration.
Log
View the operation log of the router. This page shows the current system log of the
router. It displays any event that occurred during or after system start up. At the bottom
of the page, the system log can be saved <Save> to a local file for further processing or
the system log can be cleared <Clear> or it can be refreshed <Refresh> to get the most
updated information. When the system is powered down, the system log will disappear if
not saved to a local file.
Statistics
Shows the counters of packets sent and received on WAN, LAN & WLAN.
Wireless Settings
You can set parameters that are used for the wireless stations to connect to this router
for the 2.4 GHz radio or 5 GHz radio. The parameters include Mode, ESSID, Channel
Number and Associated Client.
Wireless Function
Enable or Disable Wireless function here. Click Apply and wait for module to be ready &
loaded.
Basic Settings
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Band: Allows you to set the AP fixed at 802.11b or 802.11g mode. You can
also select B+G mode to allow 802.11b and 802.11g clients at the same time.
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Guest Network: Enable this to activate the Guest Network. Devices
connected to the Guest network will have Internet connection but no access to
the main network and cannot communicate with each other
SSID: This is the name of the wireless signal which is broadcasted. All the
devices in the same wireless LAN should have the same SSID.
Channel: The channel used by the wireless LAN. All devices in the same
wireless LAN should use the same channel.
Guest Network
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Guest IP address: The gateway address for the Guest Network. This address
cannot be the same as the default router’s IP Address.
Guest Subnet Mask: The Subnet Mask for the Guest network. This address
cannot be the same as the default router’s Subnet Mask.
Guest Lease Time: One Week. In the Lease Time setting you can specify the
time period that the DHCP lends an IP address to your LAN clients. The DHCP
will change your LAN client’s IP address when this time threshold period is
reached.
Guest Start IP + End IP: You can select a particular IP address range for
your DHCP server to issue IP addresses to your LAN Clients. The default IP
range is 192.168.169.100 ~ 192.168.169.200. This address pool cannot be
the same as the default router’s DHCP Address pool.
Guest SSID: This is the name of the wireless signal which is broadcasted as
the Guest Network. This name cannot be the same as the default SSID.
Advanced Settings
This tab allows you to set the advanced wireless options. The options included are
Authentication Type, Fragment Threshold, RTS Threshold, Beacon Interval, and Preamble
Type. You should not change these parameters unless you know what effect the changes
will have on the router.
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Authentication Type: There are two authentication types: "Open System"
and "Shared Key". When you select "Open System", wireless stations can
associate with this wireless router without WEP encryption. When you select
"Shared Key", you should also setup a WEP key in the "Encryption" page. After
this has been done, make sure the wireless clients that you want to connect to
the device are also setup with the same encryption key.
Fragment Threshold: "Fragment Threshold" specifies the maximum size of a
packet during the fragmentation of data to be transmitted. If you set this
value too low, it will result in bad performance.
RTS Threshold: When the packet size is smaller then the RTS threshold, the
wireless router will not use the RTS/CTS mechanism to send this packet.
Beacon Interval: This is the interval of time that this wireless router
broadcasts a beacon. A Beacon is used to synchronize the wireless network.
Data Rate: The “Data Rate” is the rate that this access point uses to transmit
data packets. The access point will use the highest possible selected
transmission rate to transmit the data packets.
N Data Rate: The “Data Rate” is the rate that this access point uses to
transmit data packets for N compliant wireless nodes. Highest to lowest data
rate can be fixed.
Channel Bandwidth: This is the range of frequencies that will be used.
Preamble Type: The “Long Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN
compatibility while the “Short Preamble” can provide better wireless LAN
performance.
Broadcast ESSID: If you enabled “Broadcast ESSID”, every wireless station
located within the coverage of this access point can discover this access point
easily. If you are building a public wireless network, enabling this feature is
recommended. Disabling “Broadcast ESSID” can provide better security.
CTS Protection: It is recommended to enable the protection mechanism. This
mechanism can decrease the rate of data collision between 802.11b and
802.11g wireless stations. When the protection mode is enabled, the
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throughput of the AP will be a little lower due to a lot of frame-network that is
transmitted.
TX Power: The transmit power can be set to a bare minimum or maximum
power for better performance or power saving.
Security
This router provides complete wireless LAN security functions, included are WEP, IEEE
802.11x, IEEE 802.11x with WEP, WPA with pre-shared key and WPA with RADIUS. With
these security functions, you can prevent your wireless LAN from illegal access. Please
make sure your wireless stations use the same security function, and are setup with the
same security key.
Disable
When you choose to disable encryption, it is very insecure to use the router.
Enable 802.1x Authentication
IEEE 802.1x is an authentication protocol. Every user must use a valid account to login to
this Access Point before accessing the wireless LAN. The authentication is processed by a
RADIUS server. This mode only authenticates users by IEEE 802.1x, but it does not
encrypt the data during communication
WEP
When you select 64-bit or 128-bit WEP key, you have to enter WEP keys to encrypt data.
You can generate the key by yourself and enter it. You can enter four WEP keys and
select one of them as a default key. Then the router can receive any packets encrypted
by one of the four keys.
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Key Length: You can select the WEP key length for encryption, 64-bit or 128bit. The larger the key will be the higher level of security is used, but the
throughput will be lower.
Key Type: You may select ASCII Characters (alphanumeric format) or
Hexadecimal Digits (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) to be the WEP Key.
Key1 - Key4: The WEP keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the
wireless network. Use the following rules to setup a WEP key on the device.
64-bit WEP: input 10-digits Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or
5-digit ASCII character as the encryption keys. 128-bit WEP: input 26-digit
Hex values (in the "A-F", "a-f" and "0-9" range) or 13-digit ASCII characters
as the encryption keys.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
WPA Pre-shared Key
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use a preshared key to authenticate wireless stations and encrypt data during communication. It
uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key frequently, so the encryption key
is not easy to be cracked by hackers. This is the best security available.
WPA-Radius
Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) is an advanced security standard. You can use an external
RADIUS server to authenticate wireless stations and provide the session key to encrypt
data during communication. It uses TKIP or CCMP (AES) to change the encryption key
frequently. Press Apply when you are done.
ACL
This wireless router supports MAC Address Control, which prevents unauthorized clients
from accessing your wireless network.
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Enable wireless access control: Enables the wireless access control function
Adding an address into the list: Enter the "MAC Address" and "Comment"
of the wireless station to be added and then click "Add". The wireless station
will now be added into the "Current Access Control List" below. If you are
having any difficulties filling in the fields, just click "Clear" and both "MAC
Address" and "Comment" fields will be cleared.
Remove an address from the list: If you want to remove a MAC address
from the "Current Access Control List ", select the MAC address that you want
to remove in the list and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove
all the MAC addresses from the list, just click the "Delete All" button. Click
"Reset" will clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations. You can now
configure other sections by choosing Continue, or choose Apply to apply the settings and
reboot the device.
WPS
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the simplest way to establish a connection between the
wireless clients and the wireless router. You don’t have to select the encryption mode
and fill in a long encryption passphrase every time when you try to setup a wireless
connection. You only need to press a button on both wireless client and wireless router,
and WPS will do the rest for you.
The wireless router supports two types of WPS: WPS via Push Button and WPS via PIN
code. If you want to use the Push Button, you have to push a specific button on the
wireless client or in the utility of the wireless client to start the WPS mode, and switch
the wireless router to WPS mode. You can simply push the WPS button of the wireless
router, or click the ‘Start to Process’ button in the web configuration interface. If you
want to use the PIN code, you have to know the PIN code of the wireless client and
switch it to WPS mode, then fill-in the PIN code of the wireless client through the web
configuration interface of the wireless router.
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WPS: Check the box to enable WPS function and uncheck it to disable the
WPS function.
WPS Current Status: If the wireless security (encryption) function of this
wireless router is properly set, you’ll see a ‘Configured’ message here.
Otherwise, you’ll see ‘UnConfigured’.
Self-Pin Code: This is the WPS PIN code of the wireless router. You may need
this information when connecting to other WPS-enabled wireless devices.
SSID: This is the network broadcast name (SSID) of the router.
Authentication Mode: It shows the active authentication mode for the
wireless connection.
Passphrase Key: It shows the passphrase key that is randomly generated by
the wireless router during the WPS process. You may need this information
when using a device which doesn’t support WPS.
WPS via Push Button: Press the button to start the WPS process. The router
will wait for the WPS request from the wireless devices within 2 minutes.
WPS via PIN: You can fill-in the PIN code of the wireless device and press the
button to start the WPS process. The router will wait for the WPS request from
the wireless device within 2 minutes.
Firewall Settings
The router provides extensive firewall protection by restricting connection parameters,
thus limiting the risk of hacker attacks, and defending against a wide array of common
Internet attacks. However, for applications that require unrestricted access to the
Internet, you can configure a specific client/server as a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ).
Note: To enable the Firewall settings select Enable and click Apply
DMZ
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application (e.g. Games) properly
from behind the NAT firewall, then you can open up the firewall restrictions to
unrestricted two-way Internet access by defining a DMZ Host. The DMZ function allows
you to re-direct all packets going to your WAN port IP address to a particular IP address
in your LAN. The difference between the virtual server and the DMZ function is that the
virtual server re-directs a particular service/Internet application (e.g. FTP, websites) to a
particular LAN client/server, whereas DMZ re-directs all packets (regardless of services)
going to your WAN IP address to a particular LAN client/server.
Enable DMZ: Enable/disable DMZ
Public IP Address: The IP address of the WAN port or any other Public IP
addresses given to you by your ISP
Client PC IP Address: Fill-in the IP address of a particular host in your LAN that
will receive all the packets originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address
above.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configurations.
Denial of Service (DoS)
The Broadband router's firewall can block common hacker attacks, including Denial of
Service, Ping of Death, Port Scan and Sync Flood. If Internet attacks occur the router can
log the events.
Ping of Death: Protection from Ping of Death attacks
Discard Ping From WAN: The router’s WAN port will not respond to any Ping
requests
Port Scan: Protects the router from Port Scans.
Sync Flood: Protects the router from Sync Flood attack.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Access
You can restrict users from accessing certain Internet applications/services (e.g. Internet
websites, email, FTP etc.), Access Control allows users to define the traffic type
permitted in your LAN. You can control which PC client can have access to these services.
Deny: If you select “Deny” then all clients will be allowed to access Internet
accept for the clients in the list below.
Allow: If you select “Allow” then all clients will be denied to access Internet
accept for the PCs in the list below.
Filter client PCs by IP: Fill in “IP Filtering Table” to filter PC clients by IP.
Add PC: You can click Add PC to add an access control rule for users by IP
addresses.
Remove PC: If you want to remove some PCs from the "IP Filtering Table", select
the PC you want to remove in the table and then click “Delete Selected". If you
want to remove all PCs from the table, just click the "Delete All" button.
Filter client PC by MAC: Check “Enable MAC Filtering” to enable MAC Filtering.
Add PC: Fill in “Client PC MAC Address” and “Comment” of the PC that is allowed
to access the Internet, and then click “Add”. If you find any typo before adding it
and want to retype again, just click "Reset" and the fields will be cleared.
Remove PC: If you want to remove some PC from the "MAC Filtering Table",
select the PC you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete Selected". If
you want to remove all PCs from the table, just click the "Delete All" button. If
you want to clear the selection and re-select again, just click “Reset”.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
URL block
You can block access to some Web sites from particular PCs by entering a full URL
address or just keywords of the Web site.
Enable: URL Blocking Enable/disable URL Blocking
Add URL/keyword: Fill in “URL/Keyword” and then click “Add”. You can enter
the full URL address or the keyword of the web site you want to block.
Remove URL/keyword: If you want to remove some URL keywords from the
"Current URL Blocking Table", select the URL keyword you want to remove in the
table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all URL keywords from
the table, just click "Delete All" button. If you want to clear the selection and reselect again, just click “Reset”.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Advanced Settings
Network Address Translation (NAT) allows multiple users at your local site to access the
Internet through a single Public IP Address or multiple Public IP Addresses. NAT provides
Firewall protection from hacker attacks and has the flexibility to allow you to map Private
IP Addresses to Public IP Addresses for key services such as Websites and FTP.
Select Disable to disable the NAT function.
Port Forwarding
Port Forwarding allows you to re-direct a particular range of service port numbers (from
the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN IP address. It helps you to host servers
behind the router NAT firewall.
Enable Port Forwarding: Enable Port Forwarding
Local IP: This is the private IP of the server behind the NAT firewall.
Type: This is the protocol type to be forwarded. You can choose to forward “TCP”
or “UDP” packets only, or select “both” to forward both “TCP” and “UDP” packets.
Port Range: The range of ports to be forward to the private IP.
Comment: description of this setting.
Add: Fill in the "Private IP", “Type”, “Port Range” and "Comment" of the setting to
be added and then click "Add". Then this Port Forwarding setting will be added
into the "Current Port Forwarding Table" below.
Remove: If you want to remove a Port Forwarding setting from the "Current Port
Forwarding Table", select the Port Forwarding setting that you want to remove in
the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all Port
Forwarding settings from the table, just click "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will
clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Virtual Server
Use the Virtual Server function when you want different servers/clients in your LAN to
handle different service/Internet application type (e.g. Email, FTP, Web server etc.) from
the Internet. Computers use numbers called port numbers to recognize a particular
service/Internet application type. The Virtual Server allows you to re-direct a particular
service port number (from the Internet/WAN Port) to a particular LAN private IP address
and its service port number.
Enable Virtual Server: Enable Virtual Server.
Local IP: This is the LAN client/host IP address that the Public Port number
packet will be sent to.
Local Port: This is the port number (of the above Private IP host) that the below
Public Port number will be changed to when the packet enters your LAN (to the
LAN Server/Client IP).
Type: Select the port number protocol type (TCP, UDP or both). If you are
unsure, then leave it to the default “both” setting. Public Port Enter the service
(service/Internet application) port number from the Internet that will be redirected to the above Private IP address host in your LAN
Comment: The description of this setting.
Add: Fill in the "Private IP", "Private Port", "Type", “Public Port” and "Comment"
of the setting to be added and then click "Add". Then this Virtual Server setting
will be added into the "Current Virtual Server Table" below.
Reset: If you want to remove Virtual Server settings from the "Current Virtual
Server Table", select the Virtual Server settings you want to remove in the table
and then click "Delete Selected". If you want to remove all Virtual Server settings
from the table, just click the "Delete All" button. Click "Reset" will clear your
current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Special Applications
Some applications require multiple connections, such as Internet games, video
Conferencing, Internet telephony and others. In this section you can configure the router
to support multiple connections for these types of applications.
Enable Trigger Port: Enable the Special Application function.
Trigger Port: This is the outgoing (Outbound) range of port numbers for this
particular application.
Trigger Type: Select whether the outbound port protocol is “TCP”, “UDP” or both.
Public Port: Enter the In-coming (Inbound) port or port range for this type of
application (e.g. 2300-2400, 47624).
Public Type: Select the Inbound port protocol type: “TCP”, “UDP” or both.
Comment: The description of this setting.
Popular applications: This section lists the more popular applications that
require multiple connections. Select an application from the Popular Applications
selection. Once you have selected an application, select a location (1-10) in the
Copy to selection box and then click the Copy to button. This will automatically list
the Public Ports required for this popular application in the location (1-10) you
specified.
Add: Fill in the "Trigger Port", "Trigger Type”, “Public Port”, "Public Type", "Public
Port" and "Comment" of the setting to be added and then click "Add". The Special
Application setting will be added into the "Current Trigger-Port Table" below. If
you happen to make a mistake, just click "Clear" and the fields will be cleared.
Reset: If you want to remove Special Application settings from the "Current
Trigger-Port Table", select the Special Application settings you want to remove in
the table and then click "Delete Selected". If you want remove all Special
Application settings from the table, just click the "Delete All" button. Click "Reset"
will clear your current selections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
UPnP
With UPnP, all PCs in you Intranet will discover this router automatically, so you don’t
have to configure your PC and it can easily access the Internet through this router.
UPnP Feature: You can enable or Disable the UPnP feature here. After you enable the
UPnP feature, all client systems that support UPnP, like Windows XP, can discover this
router automatically and access the Internet through this router without having to
configure anything. The NAT Traversal function provided by UPnP can let applications that
support UPnP connect to the internet without having to configure the virtual server
sections.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
QoS
QoS can let you classify Internet application traffic by source/destination IP address and
port number. You can assign priority for each type of application and reserve bandwidth
for it. The packets of applications with higher priority will always go first. Lower priority
applications will get bandwidth after higher priority applications get enough bandwidth.
This can let you have a better experience in using critical real time services like Internet
phone, video conference …etc. All the applications not specified by you are classified as
rule name “Others”. The rule with a smaller priority number has a higher priority; the
rule with a larger priority number has a lower priority. You can adjust the priority of the
rules by moving them up or down.
Enable/Disable QoS: You can check “Enable QoS” to enable QoS functionality
for the WAN port.
Add a QoS rule into the table: Click “Add” then enter a form of the QoS rule.
Click “Apply” after filling out the form the rule will be added into the table.
Remove QoS rules from the table: If you want to remove QoS rules from the
table, select the QoS rules you want to remove in the table and then click "Delete
Selected". If you want remove all QoS rules from the table, just click the "Delete
All" button. Clicking "Reset" will clear your current selections.
Edit a QoS rule: Select the rule you want to edit and click “Edit”, then enter the
detail form of the QoS rule. Click “Apply” after editing the form and the rule will
be saved.
Adjust QoS rule priority: You can select the rule and click “Move Up” to make
its priority higher. You also can select the rule and click “Move Down” to make its
priority lower.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
USB port
You can use the USB port in Server mode as a Samba server for filesharing in your home
network or in NetUSB mode as a virtual USB port on your computer. Please note that for
NetUSB mode you need the USB Port Control Center software installed on your
computer.
Server name: Enter a name for the network share.
Workgroup: If you wish to add the share to your workgroup enter the workgroup
name here.
Description: Enter a desired description for the share.
Administrator: Enter a desired username for access to the share.
New Password: Enter the password for access to the share and confirm this
password by re-entering it in the Confirm password field
For netUSB make sure the radio button next to netUSB is selected and press Apply.
Please see Addendum A: USB Port Control Center for more information about netUSB.
Toolbox Settings
Password
You can change the password required to log into the router's system web-based
management. Passwords can contain 0 to 12 alphanumeric characters, and are case
sensitive.
Current Password: Fill in the current password to allow changing to a new
password.
New Password: Enter your new password.
Confirmed Password: Enter your new password again for verification purposes.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Time Zone
The Time Zone allows your router to base its time on the settings configured here, which
will affect functions such as Log entries and Firewall settings.
Set Time Zone: Select the time zone of the country you are currently in. The
router will set its time based on your selection.
Time Server Address: You can set an NTP server address.
Enable Daylight Savings: The router can also take Daylight savings into
account. If you wish to use this function, you must check/tick the enable boxto
enable your daylight saving configuration (below).
Start Daylight Savings Time: Select the period in which you wish to start
daylight Savings Time.
End Daylight Savings Time: Select the period in which you wish to end daylight
Savings Time.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Remote Management
The remote management function allows you to designate a host in the Internet the
ability to configure the Broadband router from a remote site. Enter the designated host
IP Address in the Host IP Address field.
Host Address: This is the IP address of the host in the Internet that will have
management/configuration access to the Broadband router from a remote site. If
the Host Address is left 0.0.0.0 this means anyone can access the router’s webbased configuration from a remote location, providing they know the password.
Port: The port number of the remote management web interface.
Enabled: Select “Enabled” to enable the remote management function.
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Firmware Upgrade
Enable automatic firmware update: When enabled the router will periodically check if
a new firmware is available. If a new firmware is detected the router will give a
notification.
Firmware Upgrade: This tool allows you to upgrade the Broadband router’s system
firmware. To upgrade the firmware of your Broadband router, you need to download the
firmware file to your local hard disk, and enter that file name and path in the appropriate
field on this page. You can also use the Browse button to find the firmware file on your
PC.
Once you’ve selected the new firmware file, click Apply at the bottom of the screen to
start the upgrade process.
Backup Settings
The Backup screen allows you to save (Backup) the current configuration settings. When
you save the configuration setting (Backup) you can re-load the saved configuration into
the router through the Restore selection. If extreme problems occur you can use the
Restore to Factory Defaults selection, this will set all configurations to its original default
settings (e.g. when you first purchased the router).
Use the "Backup" tool to save the current configuration to a file named "config.bin" on
your PC. You can then use the "Restore" tool to restore the saved configuration to the
router. Alternatively, you can use the "Restore to Factory Defaults" tool to force the
router to perform a power reset and restore the original factory settings.
Reset
You can reset the router’s system should any problem exist. The reset function
essentially re-boots your router’s system.
DDNS
DDNS allows you to map the static domain name to a dynamic IP address. You must get
an account, password and your static domain name from the DDNS service providers.
This router supports DynDNS, TZO and other common DDNS service providers.
Enable/Disable: Enable or disable the DDNS function of this router
Provider: Select a DDNS service provider
Domain name: Fill in your static domain name that uses DDNS
Account/E-mail: The account that your DDNS service provider assigned to you
Password/Key: The password you set for the DDNS service account above
Click Apply at the bottom of the screen to save the above configuration.
Addendum A: USB Port Control Center
The netUSB functionality of your router requires additional software to work with your
computer. The following section will describe how the software can be installed and used.
Windows
Insert the CD-ROM that was included with your router and select install utility from the
cd-menu.
The software will inform you about what will be installed.
Click Next to continue the installation.
Enter your username and organization if applicable and click Next to continue.
Choose a folder where the software should be installed or keep it to default and click
Next to continue.
The software is now ready to be installed, Click Install to continue.
Once the installation is finished the software will inform you. If “Launch Sitecom USB
Device Server” checked the software will automatically be launched after you clicked
Finish.
MacOS
Insert the CD-ROM that was included with your router and select “Install” from the cdmenu.
Click Install to continue installation.
Enter your Mac username and password and click OK to continue.
Once the installation is finished the software will inform you and requires to restart the
system.
Connect & Disconnect
“NetUSB” allows you to use USB printers when they’re actually connected to the Sitecom
USB server.
The “connect” operation is a software operation that simulates an actual USB device
plug-in. Therefore, when you do a “connect” operation in the Control Center, the PC can
detect a USB device’s plug-in, although actually you do not plug in any USB device to
your PC. Similarly, the “disconnect” operation is a software operation that simulates the
disconnection of the USB device.
Note: If a USB device is “connected” by a PC, we say that PC has the ownership of the
USB device. Only one PC can get the ownership of a USB device at the same time.
NetUSB installation
The steps to do installation for USB devices, like MFPs:
Make sure the router is turned on.
Connect the USB device to the USB port of the router.
Run the Control Center. In the “USB MFP Server List” window, you can see
the host names and IP addresses all of the Sitecom servers (in blue) on the
network, as shown below.
Click the server. Then all USB devices attached to the server will be shown.
Please follow the user manual of the USB device to install its driver. For
example, you may put the driver CD of the USB device in the CD-ROM player
to install the driver.
When you are asked to plug in the USB device into PC’s USB port, click the
desired USB device in the Control Center and then click the “Auto-Connect
Printer” button to do the connect operation and get the ownership of the USB
device. The computer name of the device owner will be shown at the end of
the device.
PC will automatically detect that the USB device is plugged-in. On the right
side of the Windows Task Bar, you can see the information of the new device.
Continue to follow the user manual of the USB device to do the rest jobs of
installation, until the driver installation has finished.
After the installation, you can see the newly created devices on the PC. If the USB device
is a MFP, you can see a new printer and a new scanner from the “Control Panel”.
NetUSB Printing using Auto-Connect Printer
After the driver is installed, you can see a newly created printer in the Control Panel.
Follow the steps below to perform NetUSB printing.
In the Control Center, click the MFP server that has the desired printer (or
MFP) attached.
Click the desired printer (or MFP).
Click the “Auto Connect Printer” button and choose “Set Auto-Connect
Printer”. The following figure will appear.
Choose the desired printer. The desired printer must be the Windows printer
(this is a logical printer) that matches the printer attached on the MFP server
(this is a physical printer). Then click the “Apply” button.
Then, the printer will be marked as an “Auto-Connected Printer” in red. If you
choose “Auto-Connected Printer List” in the “Tools” menu, you can see a newly
created item that describes the association between the Windows printer and
the physical printer on the server.
Then try to issue a print job to the desired printer. You will see the Control
Center will automatically do a connect operation and, once the print job
finished, it will hold the connection. However, the connection will be released
immediately when another user do the printing afterward. At the same time,
the printer is automatically disconnected with your PC.
When you do a print job again. The control center will automatically do a
connecting operation on printing again. This is so-called “Auto Connect /
Disconnect” operation.
Note: Under the “Auto-Connected Printer” setting, it is not necessary to manually press
the “Connect” button when printing. If you press the “Connect” button for printing,
please make sure to click “Disconnect” button after you finish the printing. Otherwise,
other users cannot print properly. It is because you are the only ownership of the
connected printer.
AutoRun
You can make the Control Center be run automatically after you login Windows. To do
this, you choose the “Configuration” item in the “Tools” menu. The following window will
appear. Click the check box and then on the “OK” button. This feature is enabled by
default.
NetUSB Scanning using Network Scanning
In the Control Center, click the MFP server that has the desired MFP attached.
Click the desired MFP.
Click the “Network Scanner” button.
Then you can see that the Control Center will automatically do a “connect”
operation. The following window will appear.
Choose one of TWAIN or WIA item. Click “OK”. The following window will
appear.
Follow the usual steps to do scanning.
Addendum B: Declaration of Conformity
Addendum C: GNU/GPL Leaflet
Licensing Information
Parts of the firmware of the WLR-5002 WiFi Router AC750 are subject to the GNU general public license.
This product includes third-party software licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public License.. You can
modify or redistribute this free software under the terms of the GNU General Public License. Please see
Appendix B for the exact terms and conditions of this license.
Specifically, the following part of this product is subject to the GNU GPL:
#
Package name
Kernel version 3.2.9
Busybox-1.19.4
Mtd-util v1.4.6
Bridge-utils-1.5
Utelnetd-0.1.9
uuidgen
Ebtables-v2.0.10-4
Iproute2-2.6.39
Ntpclient-2010_365
Udhcp 0.9.9-pre , udhcpd
Dnsmasq-2.59
ez-ipupdate-3.0.11b8
iptables 1.4.13
Ppp 2.4.5
rp-pppoe-3.10
linuxigd.-1.0
Radvd-1.9.1
pptp-1.7.2
Wide-dhcpv6
Igmpproxy-0.1
Ndisc6-1.0.2
openl2tp-1.8
uClibc 0.9.33.2
Zlib-1.2.5
Pcre-8.13
Libcgi-1.0
Libupnp-1.6.18
libdaemon-0.14
Libreadline 6.2
Source
https://www.kernel.org/
http://www.busybox.net/downloads/
http://www.filewatcher.com/m/mtd-utils-1.4.6.tar.gz.3374290.html
http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/view/svn/basicnet/bridgeutils.html
www.pengutronix.de/software/utelnetd/download/
http://en.sourceforge.jp/projects/sfnet_ebtables/downloads/ebtabl
es/ebtables-2-0-10-4/ebtables-v2.0.10-4.tar.gz/
http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/repo/pkgs/iproute/iproute22.6.39.tar.gz/8a3b6bc77c2ecf752284aa4a6fc630a6/
http://doolittle.icarus.com/ntpclient/
http://freecode.com/projects/udhcp
http://www.thekelleys.org.uk/dnsmasq/
http://www.filewatcher.com/m/ez-ipupdate3.0.11b8.tar.gz.81975-0.html
http://www.netfilter.org/projects/iptables/downloads.html
http://code.google.com/p/wcoserver/downloads/detail?name=ppp2.4.5.tar.gz&can=2&q=
http://www.roaringpenguin.com/files/download/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/linux-igd/files/linux-igd/linuxigd1.0/
http://www.litech.org/radvd/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/pptpclient/files/pptp/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/wide-dhcpv6/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/igmpproxy/
http://freecode.com/projects/ndisc6
http://sourceforge.net/projects/openl2tp/files/openl2tp/
http://www.uclibc.org/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/libpng/files/zlib/1.2.5/zlib1.2.5.tar.gz/download?use_mirror=nchc&download=
https://code.google.com/p/lnamp-webserver/downloads/detail?name=pcre-8.13.tar.gz&can=2&q=
http://sourceforge.net/projects/libcgi/
http://sourceforge.net/projects/pupnp/files/pupnp/libUPnP%201.6.
18/
http://www.filewatcher.com/m/libdaemon-0.14.tar.gz.52-0.html
http://cnswww.cns.cwru.edu/php/chet/readline/rltop.html
Availability of source code
Sitecom Europe BV has made available the full source code of the GPL licensed software, including any scripts
to control the compilation and installation of the object code on the Sitecom website.
No Warranty
The free software included in this product is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
LIABILITY OF OR ANY WARRANTY FROM THE LICENSOR.
Addendum D: GNU/GPL
Version 3, 29 June 2007 Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. http://fsf.org/
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not
allowed.
Preamble
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and
change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share
and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free
Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other
work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are
designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for them if
you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use
pieces of it in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you these rights or asking you to surrender the
rights. Therefore, you have certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it:
responsibilities to respect the freedom of others.
For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must pass on to the
recipients the same freedoms that you received. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the
source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights.
Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps: (1) assert copyright on the software, and
(2) offer you this License giving you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify it.
For the developers' and authors' protection, the GPL clearly explains that there is no warranty for this free
software. For both users' and authors' sake, the GPL requires that modified versions be marked as changed, so
that their problems will not be attributed erroneously to authors of previous versions.
Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run modified versions of the software inside them,
although the manufacturer can do so. This is fundamentally incompatible with the aim of protecting users'
freedom to change the software. The systematic pattern of such abuse occurs in the area of products for
individuals to use, which is precisely where it is most unacceptable. Therefore, we have designed this version of
the GPL to prohibit the practice for those products. If such problems arise substantially in other domains, we
stand ready to extend this provision to those domains in future versions of the GPL, as needed to protect the
freedom of users.
Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents. States should not allow patents to restrict
development and use of software on general-purpose computers, but in those that do, we wish to avoid the
special danger that patents applied to a free program could make it effectively proprietary. To prevent this, the
GPL assures that patents cannot be used to render the program non-free.
The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
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equivalent access to the Corresponding Source in the same way through the same place at no further charge.
You need not require recipients to copy the Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the place to
copy the object code is a network server, the Corresponding Source may be on a different server (operated by
you or a third party) that supports equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain clear directions next to
the object code saying where to find the Corresponding Source. Regardless of what server hosts the
Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to ensure that it is available for as long as needed to satisfy these
requirements.
e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided you inform other peers where the
object code and Corresponding Source of the work are being offered to the general public at no charge under
subsection 6d.
A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded from the Corresponding Source as a
System Library, need not be included in conveying the object code work.
A “User Product” is either (1) a “consumer product”, which means any tangible personal property which is
normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2) anything designed or sold for incorporation
into a dwelling. In determining whether a product is a consumer product, doubtful cases shall be resolved in
favor of coverage. For a particular product received by a particular user, “normally used” refers to a typical or
common use of that class of product, regardless of the status of the particular user or of the way in which the
particular user actually uses, or expects or is expected to use, the product. A product is a consumer product
regardless of whether the product has substantial commercial, industrial or non-consumer uses, unless such
uses represent the only significant mode of use of the product.
“Installation Information” for a User Product means any methods, procedures, authorization keys, or other
information required to install and execute modified versions of a covered work in that User Product from a
modified version of its Corresponding Source. The information must suffice to ensure that the continued
functioning of the modified object code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because modification
has been made.
If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or specifically for use in, a User Product, and
the conveying occurs as part of a transaction in which the right of possession and use of the User Product is
transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized),
the Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied by the Installation Information.
But this requirement does not apply if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install modified
object code on the User Product (for example, the work has been installed in ROM).
The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a requirement to continue to provide
support service, warranty, or updates for a work that has been modified or installed by the recipient, or for the
User Product in which it has been modified or installed. Access to a network may be denied when the
modification itself materially and adversely affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and
protocols for communication across the network.
Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided, in accord with this section must be in a
format that is publicly documented (and with an implementation available to the public in source code form),
and must require no special password or key for unpacking, reading or copying.
7. Additional Terms.
“Additional permissions” are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making exceptions from one or
more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall be treated as
though they were included in this License, to the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional
permissions apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but
the entire Program remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions.
When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional permissions from
that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own removal in certain
cases when you modify the work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a
covered work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered work, you may (if
authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:
a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the terms of sections 15 and 16 of this License;
or
b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or author attributions in that material or in the
Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing it; or
c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or requiring that modified versions of such
material be marked in reasonable ways as different from the original version; or
d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or authors of the material; or
e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some trade names, trademarks, or service
marks; or
f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that material by anyone who conveys the material (or
modified versions of it) with contractual assumptions of liability to the recipient, for any liability that these
contractual assumptions directly impose on those licensors and authors.
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered “further restrictions” within the meaning of section 10.
If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is governed by this License
along with a term that is a further restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a
further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a covered work
material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not survive
such relicensing or conveying.
If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant source files, a
statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating where to find the applicable
terms.
Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately written license, or
stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way.
8. Termination.
You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt
otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License
(including any patent licenses granted under the third paragraph of section 11).
However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular copyright holder is
reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates your license,
and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior
to 60 days after the cessation.
Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the copyright holder
notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice of
violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days
after your receipt of the notice.
Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who have received
copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently
reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same material under section 10.
9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the Program. Ancillary
propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission to receive
a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to
propagate or modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License.
Therefore, by modifying or propagating a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.
10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensors,
to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible for enforcing
compliance by third parties with this License.
An “entity transaction” is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or substantially all assets of one,
or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered work results from an
entity transaction, each party to that transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever
licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a
right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the predecessor
has it or can get it with reasonable efforts.
You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed under this
License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of rights granted
under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit)
alleging that any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program
or any portion of it.
11. Patents.
A “contributor” is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program or a work on which
the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor's “contributor version”.
A contributor's “essential patent claims” are all patent claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether
already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of
making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a
consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, “control” includes
the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License.
Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor's
essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and propagate the
contents of its contributor version.
In the following three paragraphs, a “patent license” is any express agreement or commitment, however
denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to
sue for patent infringement). To “grant” such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or
commitment not to enforce a patent against the party.
If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding Source of the work
is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a publicly
available network server or other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding
Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this
particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the
patent license to downstream recipients. “Knowingly relying” means you have actual knowledge that, but for
the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work in
a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that you have reason to believe are
valid.
If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or propagate by
procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the
covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then
the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on
it.
A patent license is “discriminatory” if it does not include within the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise
of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically granted under this
License. You may not convey a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in
the business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of
your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would
receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered
work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in connection with specific
products or compilations that contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that
patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007.
Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to
infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.
12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the
conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a
covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent
obligations, then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that
obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only
way you could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the
Program.
13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work
with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and
to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered
work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction
through a network will apply to the combination as such.
14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General Public License from
time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to
address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain numbered version
of the GNU General Public License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of following the terms
and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by the Free Software
Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may
choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation.
If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General Public License can be
used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that
version for the Program.
Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are
imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version.
15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE
PROGRAM “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU.
SHOULD THE PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR
OR CORRECTION.
16. Limitation of Liability.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT
HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MODIFIES AND/OR CONVEYS THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO
LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES
OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR
OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect
according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute
waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability
accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
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