VAX/VMS KERMIT-32 USER GUIDE

VAX/VMS KERMIT-32 USER GUIDE
VAX/VMS KERMIT-32 USER GUIDE
Version 3.3.126
Christine M. Gianone and Frank da Cruz
Columbia University Center for Computing Activities
New York, New York 10027
July, 1990
Copyright (C) 1981,1990
Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
Permission is granted to any individual or institution to use, copy,
or redistribute this document so long as it is not sold for profit, and
provided this copyright notice is retained.
1. VAX/VMS KERMIT
Page 1
1. VAX/VMS KERMIT
Authors:
Robert C. McQueen, Nick Bush, Stevens Institute of Technology;
Jonathan Welch, University of Massachusetts;
Burt Johnson, Diversified Computer Systems, Inc.
Language:
Bliss-32
Documentation:
C. Gianone, F. da Cruz, Columbia University
with thanks to the program’s authors
Version:
3.3.126
Date:
July, 1990
VAX/VMS Kermit-32 Capabilities At a Glance:
Local operation:
Remote operation:
Transfers text files:
Transfers binary files:
Wildcard send:
Long packets:
Sliding windows:
Attribute packets:
File transfer interruption:
Filename collision avoidance:
Timeouts:
8th-bit prefixing:
Repeat character compression:
Alternate block check types:
Communication settings:
Transmit BREAK:
IBM mainframe communication:
Transaction logging:
Session logging (raw capture):
Debug logging:
Raw transmit:
Act as server:
Talk to server:
Advanced commands for servers:
Local file management:
Initialization file:
Command Macros:
Script programming language:
International Character Sets:
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes (VMSKERMIT.INI)
No
No
No
Kermit-32 is a program that implements the Kermit file transfer protocol for the Digital Equipment Corporation
VAX series computers under the VAX/VMS operating system. It is written in BLISS-32 and MACRO-32, with
sources for all BLISS modules also available as MACRO-32 sources. Kermit-32 should run on any VAX/VMS
system from version 4.0 on (Version 3.1 of Kermit-32 is the last version that runs under pre-4.0 releases of VMS).
The first section of this chapter will describe the things you need to know about the VAX/VMS file system and how
Kermit-32 uses it. The second section describes the special features of Kermit-32. The final section contains
information of interest to those who need to install Kermit-32 on a system.
Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.1
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1.1. The VAX/VMS File System
The two main items of interest of the VAX/VMS file system (for the Kermit user) are the format of file
specifications and the types of files and file data.
VAX/VMS File Specifications
VAX/VMS file specifications are of the form
NODE::DEVICE:[DIRECTORY]NAME.TYPE;VERSION
Under version 4.0 and later of VMS, NAME, TYPE and each item in DIRECTORY may be up to 39 characters
long, and may contain alphanumeric characters plus underscore. Under earlier versions, NAME and DIRECTORY
could be at most 9 characters each and TYPE could be at most 3.
VERSION is a decimal number indicating the version of the file (generation). DEVICE may be either a physical or
logical device name. If it is a logical name, it may be up to 63 characters long and may contain alphanumeric
characters plus dollar signs and underscores. NODE may be either a logical name which translates to a DECnet
node name or a physical DECnet node name. In either case, access information can be included (see the
DECnet-VMS User’s guide for more information). The node name is not normally present, since most files are
accessed on the same node where the user’s job is running. The version number is not normally given (in fact,
should not normally be given). When device and/or directory are not supplied, they default to the user’s current
default device and directory. Therefore, NAME.TYPE is normally all that is needed to specify a file on the user’s
default device and directory. This is also all that Kermit-32 will normally send as the name of a file being
transferred.
The node field specifies the name (and access information) for the DECnet node where the file is located.
Kermit-32 does not transmit the node field to the target system, but will attempt to honor a node field in an incoming
file name.
The device field specifies a physical or "logical" device upon which the file is resident. The directory field indicates
the area on the device, for instance the area belonging to the owner of the file. Kermit-32 does not normally
transmit the device or directory fields to the target system, but will attempt to honor device or directory fields that
may appear in incoming file names. It will not create new directories, however, so any directory specified in an
incoming filename must already exist.
The name is the primary identifier for the file. The type, also called the "extension", is an indicator which, by
convention, tells what kind of file we have. For instance FOO.FOR is the source of a Fortran program named FOO;
FOO.OBJ might be the relocatable object module produced by compiling FOO.FOR; FOO.EXE could an
executable program produced by LINKing FOO.OBJ, and so forth.
VAX/VMS allows a group of files to be specified in a single file specification by including the special "wildcard"
characters, "*" and "%". A "*" matches any string of characters, including no characters at all; a "%" matches any
single character. Here are some examples:
*.FOR
All files of type FOR (all Fortran source files) in the default directory.
FOO.*
Files of all types with name FOO.
F*.*
All files whose names start with F.
F*X*.* All files whose names start with F and contain at least one X.
%.*
All files whose names are exactly one character long.
*.%%*
All files whose types are at least two characters long.
Wildcard notation is used on many computer systems in similar ways, and it is the mechanism most commonly used
to instruct Kermit to send a group of files.
1.1. The VAX/VMS File System
Page 3
Text Files and Binary Files
The file system used by VAX/VMS provides for a large number of attributes to be associated with each file. These
attributes provide some indication of whether the file is a text file, or is some other type of non-text data. The two
major attributes that affect VMS Kermit are the record type and record attribute. The record type describes how
logical records are stored in the file. Records may be of some fixed length (specified by another attribute), or
variable length (specified within each record), or stream (implying that records -- if there are any -- are separated by
control characters within the data). The record attributes describe how the breaks between records are to be treated.
For example, a record attribute of implied carriage return means that any program reading the file with intentions of
printing it should add a carriage return / linefeed sequence between each record. Other record attributes include
FORTRAN carriage control and print file format.
The most common method of storing text in a file under VAX/VMS is to store one line of text per record (variable
length records), with a carriage return / linefeed sequence implied by the end of the record (implied carriage return).
This is the method Kermit-32 uses to store files it receives when using FILE TYPE ASCII (text). Other formats are
also used to store text under VAX/VMS, but the one used by Kermit-32 is the only one that is handled correctly by
all known utility programs under VAX/VMS. Also, most programs which work with text files (the editor EDT, for
example) place some limit on the length of the lines which can be handled. Typically this is 255. Kermit-32 can
write text files with up to 4095 characters on a line, which means a text file from another system may be transferred
and stored correctly by Kermit-32, but may still be unusable by certain VAX/VMS programs.
Certain PC applications may create text files with lines even longer than Kermit-32’s maximum. Typical examples
are the ASCII export procedures of database, spreadsheet, and CAD packages. If you try to send such a file to
Kermit-32, the transfer will fail with a message:
%KERMIT32-E-REC_TOO_BIG, Record too big for KERMIT’s internal buffer
If this happens, you can SET FILE TYPE BINARY on the VAX before transferring the file to it. You should still
be able to use the file as a text file, with the above proviso about record length.
There is no standard format for storing binary files. In general, any record format with no record attributes can be
used for binary files. Since programs which work with binary files under VAX/VMS expect to see some particular
format, more information is needed for transfer of binary files than for text files. The current version of Kermit-32
is not capable of transferring all types of binary files which were created on a VAX/VMS system to another system
and retrieving them intact, nor is it capable of transferring all of types binary files created on a VAX/VMS system to
another VAX/VMS, P/OS, or RSX-11M/M+ system intact. However, certain formats of binary files can be
transferred, and binary files from some other systems may be transferred to a VAX and recovered intact. See the
section on the SET FILE command for details.
Using two programs supplied with Kermit-32, it is possible to transfer almost any type of file between VAXes, or
between a VAX and a P/OS or RSX-11M/M+ system. The VMSHEX program converts a binary file to text (using
a variation on Intel hex format). The resulting file can be transferred as an ordinary text file, and finally
"dehexified" on another VMS system using the VMSDEH program to reproduce the original file with all the
attributes intact. Since these text files are about twice the size of the original binary files, the transfers take longer.
On the plus side, the text versions of the files can be transferred to any system with a Kermit and still retrieved
intact. They can also be transferred over 7-bit data paths without any problems. The Kermit-32 installation
procedure (described later) makes use of hexified versions of the Kermit-32 binary executable file and VMSDEH to
restore it a binary .EXE file, or task image.
Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.1
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Using the VAX to Archive Microcomputer Files
You can use Kermit to send textual files from a microcomputer or any 8-bit computer system to VAX/VMS with no
special provisions, since Kermit-32 stores incoming files as text files (variable length records with implied carriage
returns) unless it is explicitly told otherwise. But Kermit-32 has no automatic way of distinguishing an incoming
binary file from an incoming text file. You must inform Kermit-32 that a file it is about to receive is to be stored as
a binary file. This is done using the SET FILE TYPE BINARY command. This instructs Kermit-32 to store the
data it receives in the file without checking for carriage return, line feed sequences. The file it creates will be
variable record length, with no record attributes. Each record will contain 510 bytes of data, except the last, which
will contain whatever amount is left before the end of the file. This allows Kermit-32 to correctly return exactly the
data it was sent when the file is returned to the original system.
Note that because of the need to use a different file type for binary files, it is not possible to use a "wildcard send"
command to send a mixture of text and binary files to a VAX system unless the text files are not intended for use on
the VAX; rather, you must send all text files with Kermit-32’s file type set to ASCII, and all binary files with the file
type set to binary.
Once you get the foreign file into the VAX system, stored with the correct file type, you need take no special
measures to send it back to its system of origin. This is because Kermit-32 honors the record type and attributes of
the file as it is stored on the VAX. In fact, SET FILE TYPE BINARY, ASCII, or FIXED only affects how
Kermit-32 receives files -- it does not affect how Kermit-32 transmits files.
Files Kermit-32 Cannot Handle
The Kermit protocol can only accommodate transfer of sequential files, files which are a linear sequence of bytes (or
words).
Some files on a VAX/VMS system are not sequential, and cannot be successfully sent or received by Kermit-32.
These are mainly indexed data files, but can also include other files which require more than just the data in the file
to be completely reconstructed. External control information and file attributes are not transmitted. However, any
VMS file can be transferred with Kermit if it has been "hexified" with VMSHEX.
1.2. Program Operation
If a system-wide foreign command "kermit" is defined for Kermit-32 (see section on installation), then you can run
the program by just typing its name:
$ kermit
If you get a message like:
%DCL-W-IVVERB, unrecognized command verb - check validity and spelling
then Kermit has not been installed properly on your VMS system. If you know where the KERMIT.EXE file is
stored (for example, in the SYS$SYSTEM: area) then you can define a "kermit" command for yourself by
including a line like this in your LOGIN.COM file:
kermit :== $sys$system:kermit.exe
When you invoke Kermit by name only, it will enter interactive prompting mode, and allow you to type repeated
commands until you exit with the EXIT command. Kermit-32’s normal prompt is "Kermit-32>".
Kermit-32 will also accept a single command on the command line, like this:
$ Kermit send foo.bar
In this case, the program will exit immediately after executing the single command.
1.2. Program Operation
Page 5
In either case, Kermit reads and executes commands from its "initialization file", VMSKERMIT.INI, if any, in your
login directory before it executes any other commands.
Kermit-32 will try to open the file VMSKERMIT with a default filetype of .INI. If the logical name VMSKERMIT
exists then an attepmt to open the file pointed to by the value of that logical name will be made instead. (For
example, some sites might wish to set site-wide default parameters in a system-wide Kermit-32 initialization file,
and so they might define the system-wide logical name VMSKERMIT to point at such a file. The last command in
this file could be TAKE SYS$LOGIN:VMSKERMIT.INI to "chain" to the user’s initialization file.
Command keywords may be abbreviated to their shortest prefix that sets them apart from any other keyword valid in
that field.
1.3. Conditioning Your Job for Kermit
Kermit-32 does as much as it can to condition your line for file transfer. It saves all your terminal settings, and
restores them after use. However, there are some sources of interference over which Kermit-32 has no control. In
particular, messages issued by other processes in your job could become mingled with Kermit packets and slow
things down or stop them entirely. This is a fairly rare occurence and can be easily avoided by not running any other
process which wishes to perform I/O to your terminal while you are running Kermit-32.
Normally, when Kermit-32 is run, it assumes you wish to use it in remote mode and perform file transfers over the
terminal line which controls your job. This can be overridden, however, by defining a logical name which equates
to some other terminal line in the system. The default terminal line to be used for file transfers is determined by the
first of the following logical names which translates to a terminal line which is available for use by your process:
KER$COMM, SYS$INPUT, SYS$OUTPUT, and SYS$COMMAND. If none of these logical names translate to an
available terminal line, there is no default terminal line and a SET LINE command must be used before any transfer
command is performed. Note that this is the typical case in a batch job.
Kermit-32 will also default the type of parity to be used on the communication line to that which is set on its default
terminal line when it is started. This means that if all communication at a site is normally done using even parity
(for example), Kermit-32 will also use even parity. If you need to use another kind of parity, use the SET PARITY
command to change it.
There are two things to keep in mind when using Kermit-32 in local mode (where the file transfers are done over a
different terminal line from where commands are typed):
• Under VAX/VMS, every terminal line has an owner UIC and protection code associated with it. This
UIC and protection is used to determine who can allocate (and therefore use) the terminal line when
they are not logged in on that line. Therefore, in order for Kermit-32 to be able to perform file transfers
over a terminal line other than the one on which you are logged in, the field of the protection code for
the terminal which applies to your job (based on your UIC and the owner UIC of the terminal) must
allow your job access to the terminal. You may need to request your system manager to change the
protection for a terminal line to allow you to use it with Kermit-32 in local mode. See the section on
Installation for details.
• Terminal lines which have been declared as modem control lines will have the phone "hung up"
whenever the terminal line becomes free (deallocated). This means that if you do not use the DCL
ALLOCATE command to allocate the terminal line to your job before entering Kermit-32, exiting
Kermit-32 will cause the terminal line to "hang up" the modem. If you do wish to get to DCL after
having used Kermit-32 to connect a modem control line which you do not have allocated, you can use
the PUSH command to spawn a subprocess running DCL, so that Kermit will keep the connection
active.
Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.4
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1.4. Kermit-32 Commands
Kermit-32 has the following commands:
@
BYE
CONNECT
EXIT
FINISH
GET
HELP
LOCAL
LOG
LOGOUT
PUSH
QUIT
RECEIVE
REMOTE
SEND
SERVER
SET
SHOW
STATUS
TRANSMIT
TAKE
synonym for "take".
to remote server.
as terminal to remote system.
from Kermit-32.
Shut down remote server.
remote files from server.
with Kermit-32.
prefix for local file management commands.
remote terminal session.
remote server.
to DCL command level.
from Kermit-32.
files from remote Kermit.
prefix for remote file management commands.
files to remote Kermit.
mode of remote operation.
various parameters.
various parameters.
about most recent file transfer.
Transmit (upload) a file with no error checking.
Kermit-32 commands from a file.
1.4.1. Commands for File Transfer
Kermit-32 provides the standard SEND, RECEIVE, and GET commands for transferring files using the Kermit
protocol.
The SEND Command
Syntax: SEND filespec
The SEND command causes a file or file group to be sent from the VAX to the other system. If filespec contains
wildcard characters then all matching files will be sent, in alphabetical order (according to the ASCII collating
sequence) by name. If filespec does not contain any wildcard characters, then the single file specified by filespec
will be sent.
Only the most recent generation of a file is sent unless the file specification includes specific or wild generation
numbers.
Files will be sent with at least their VAX/VMS file name and type (for instance FOO.BAR). If a SET FILE
NAMING FULL command has been given, Kermit-32 will also send the device name, directory name and version
number (for instance USER$DISK:[JOE]FOO.BAR;25). If a SET FILE NAMING UNTRANSLATED
command has been given, Kermit-32 will send the file name, type and version number (for instance FOO.BAR;25).
If a SET FILE NAMING NORMAL_FORM command has been given (this is the initial default), Kermit-32 will
only send the file name and type.
Each file will be sent according to the record type and attributes recorded in its file descriptor. Kermit-32 attempts
to translate all text file record formats (including those with FORTRAN or print carriage control) to a format usable
on any system. Note that there is no need to set the FILE TYPE parameter for sending files, since Kermit-32 always
uses the information from the file descriptor to determine how to send the file.
1.4.1. Commands for File Transfer
Page 7
If communication line parity is being used (see SET PARITY), Kermit-32 will request that the other Kermit accept a
special kind of prefix notation for files that contain 8-bit data. This is an optional Kermit protocol feature, supported
by most modern Kermit programs. If the other Kermit does not agree to use this feature, binary files cannot be sent
correctly. This includes executable programs (like .EXE files, CP/M .COM files), relocatable object modules
(.OBJ files), as well as any text file containing characters with the eighth bit on.
Kermit-32 will also ask the other Kermit whether it can handle a special prefix encoding for repeated characters. If
it can, then files with long strings of repeated characters will be transmitted very efficiently. Columnar data, highly
indented text, and binary files are the major beneficiaries of this technique.
If you’re running Kermit-32 in local mode, for instance dialing out from a VAX to another system using an
autodialer, you should have already run Kermit on the remote system and issued either a RECEIVE or a SERVER
command. Once you give Kermit-32 the SEND command, the name of each file will be displayed on your screen as
the transfer begins. If the file is successfully transferred, you will see "[OK]", otherwise there will be an error
message.
During local operation, you can type Control-A at any point during the transfer to get a brief status report.
may also type Control-X or Control-Z to interrupt the current file or file group.
You
The RECEIVE Command
Syntax: RECEIVE [filespec]
The RECEIVE command tells Kermit-32 to receive a file or file group from the other system. If only one file is
being received, you may include the optional filespec as the name to store the incoming file under; otherwise, the
name is taken from the incoming file header. If the name in the header is not a legal VAX/VMS file name,
Kermit-32 will normally replace the illegal characters with "X" (see SET FILE NAMING NORMAL_FORM).
If an incoming file has the same name as an existing file, Kermit-32 just creates a new version of the same name and
type, for instance FOO.BAR;3, FOO.BAR;4.
Incoming files are stored with the prevailing file type, ASCII by default, which is appropriate for text files. If you
are asking Kermit-32 to receive binary files from a microcomputer or other 8-bit system, you must first type SET
FILE TYPE BINARY. Otherwise, an error may occur when receiving the file, or carriage return / linefeed
sequences will be added to the file, making it useless when sent back to the system of origin.
If parity is being used on the communications line, then 8th-bit prefixing will be requested. If the other side cannot
do this, binary files cannot be transferred correctly. If parity is being added externally to Kermit and VMS (for
example by some kind of communication device, or a public data network like Telenet) then you must inform
Kermit-32 about it using the SET PARITY command, or else Kermit-32 will not know that it has to do 8th-bit
prefixing, and the file transfer will fail.
If an incoming file does not arrive in its entirety, Kermit-32 will normally discard it; it will not appear in your
directory. You may change this behavior by using the command SET INCOMPLETE KEEP, which will cause as
much of the file as arrived to be saved in your directory.
If you are running Kermit-32 in local mode, you should already have issued a SEND command to the remote
Kermit, and then escaped back to Kermit-32. As files arrive, their names will be displayed on your screen. You can
type Control-A during the transfer for a brief status report.
If a file arrives that you don’t really want, you can attempt to cancel it by typing Control-X; this sends a cancellation
request to the remote Kermit. If the remote Kermit understands this request (not all implementations of Kermit
support this feature), it will comply; otherwise it will continue to send. If a file group is being sent, you can request
Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.4.1
Page 8
the entire group be cancelled by typing Control-Z.
The GET Command
Syntax: GET [remote-filespec]
The GET command requests a remote Kermit server to send the file or file group specified by remote-filespec. This
command can be used only when Kermit-32 is in local mode, with a Kermit server on the other end of the line
specified by SET LINE. This means that you must have CONNECTed to the other system, logged in, run Kermit
there, issued the SERVER command, and escaped back to the VAX.
The remote filespec is any string that can be a legal file specification for the remote system; it is not parsed or
validated locally. Any leading spaces before the remote filespec are stripped, and lower case characters are raised to
upper case.
As files arrive, their names will be displayed on your screen. As in the RECEIVE command, you may type
Control-A to get a brief status report, Ctrl-X to request that the current incoming file be cancelled, Ctrl-Z to request
that the entire incoming batch be cancelled.
If the remote Kermit is not capable of server functions, then you will probably get an error message back from it like
"Illegal packet type". In this case, you must connect to the other Kermit, give a SEND command, escape back, and
give a RECEIVE command.
The STATUS Command
Give statistics about the most recent file transfer.
The PUSH Command
Syntax: PUSH
Spawn a DCL subprocess, to which you may issue any DCL commands. Type LOGOUT to return to Kermit-32.
The TAKE Command
Syntax: TAKE file-spec [ /DISPLAY ]
Where ’file-spec’ is any normal VAX/VMS file specification. If file-spec does not specify a file-type Kermit-32
will supply a default of .COM. The /DISPLAY option causes the commands read from the file to be displayed on
the user’s terminal.
The TAKE command tells Kermit-32 to execute commands from the specified file. You may also use the VMS
notation "@" instead of TAKE to specify a command file.
If it exists, the file VMSKERMIT.INI (or, if the logical name VMSKERMIT is defined, whatever file it points to) is
automatically taken upon program startup.
1.4.2. Server Operation
Page 9
1.4.2. Server Operation
The SERVER Command
The SERVER command puts a remote Kermit-32 in "server mode", so that it receives all further commands in
packets from the local Kermit. The Kermit-32 server is capable (as of this writing) of executing the following
remote server commands: SEND, GET, FINISH, BYE, REMOTE DIRECTORY, REMOTE CWD, REMOTE
SPACE, REMOTE DELETE, REMOTE TYPE, REMOTE HELP, REMOTE COPY, REMOTE RENAME,
REMOTE SEND_MESSAGE, REMOTE WHO, and REMOTE HOST.
Any nonstandard parameters should be selected with SET commands before putting Kermit-32 into server mode, in
particular the file type. The Kermit-32 server can send all files in the correct manner automatically. However, if you
need to ask Kermit-32 to receive binary files you must issue the SET FILE TYPE BINARY command before
putting it into server mode, and then you must only send binary files. You cannot send a mixture of text files and
8-bit binary files to a Kermit-32 server unless the files are not for use on the VAX.
Commands for Servers
When running in local mode, Kermit-32 allows you to give a wide range of commands to a remote Kermit server,
with no guarantee the that the remote server can process them, since they are all optional features of the protocol.
Commands for servers include the standard SEND, GET, BYE, LOGOUT and FINISH commands, as well as the
REMOTE command.
Syntax: REMOTE command
Send the specified command to the remote server. If the server does not understand the command (all of these
commands are optional features of the Kermit protocol), it will reply with a message like "Unknown Kermit server
command". If does understand, it will send the results back, and they will be displayed on the screen. The
REMOTE commands are:
COPY filespec
Copy file. The server is asked to make a copy of the specified file. Kermit-32 will prompt for
the new file name on a separate line. Both filespecs must be in the correct format for the remote
system. Kermit-32 does not parse or validate the file specifications. Any leading spaces will be
stripped and lower case characters converted to upper case. Note that this command simply
provides for copying a file within the server’s system - it does not cause a file to be transferred.
CWD [directory]
Change Working Directory. If no directory name is provided, the server will change to the
default or home directory. Otherwise, you will be prompted for a password, and the server will
attempt to change to the specified directory. The password is entered on a separate line, and
does not echo as you type it. If access is not granted, the server will provide a message to that
effect. Note that while not all server Kermits require (or accept) a password to change the
working directory, Kermit-32 will always ask for one when a directory name is provided.
DELETE filespec Delete the specified file or files. The names of the files that are deleted will appear on your
screen.
DIRECTORY [filespec]
The names of the files that match the given file specification will be displayed on your screen,
perhaps along with size and date information for each file. If no file specification is given, all
files from the current directory will be listed.
DISK_USAGE [directory]
Display information about disk usage in the given directory (or by the given user). If no
directory is provided, disk usage information is provided for the current working directory (or
user). This is the same as the REMOTE SPACE command.
EXIT
Requests the server to leave Kermit, allowing the terminal to be used for normal commands.
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Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.4.2
FINISH
Requests the server to return to the Kermit prompt, allowing statistics to be obtained about the
transfers.
HELP [topic]
Provide information about the given topic. If no topic is given, provide a list of the functions
that are available from the server. Some servers may ignore the topic and always display the
same information.
HOST [command] Pass the given command to the server’s host command processor, and display the resulting
output on your screen.
LOGIN user-id
Supply information to the server Kermit to indicate what user-id, account and password are to be
used. The server Kermit may use this to validate the user’s access to the system as well as for
billing purposes. It may also use this information to provide the user with access to files on its
system.
LOGOUT
Request the server to exit Kermit and logout its job (or process). This command is identical to
the LOGOUT command.
RENAME filespec Change the name on the specified file (or files). Kermit-32 will prompt for the new file
specification on the next line. Both file specifications must be valid for the server’s system.
SEND_MESSAGE destination-address
Request the server to send a single line message to the specified destination address (which
might be a user-id, terminal designator, or some other item, depending upon the server Kermit).
Kermit-32 will prompt for the single line message on the next line.
SPACE [directory] Display information about disk usage in the given directory (or by the given user). If no
directory is provided, disk usage information is provided for the current working directory (or
user). This is the same as the REMOTE DISK_USAGE command.
STATUS
Display information about the status of the server.
TYPE filespec
Display the contents of the specified file on your screen.
WHO [user-id]
Display information about the given user. If no user-id is given, display information about the
currently active users. Kermit-32 will prompt for options for selecting what information to
display and/or formatting parameters. The format of both the user-id and the options are
dependent upon the server Kermit.
1.4.3. Commands for Local File Management
Syntax: LOCAL [command]
Execute the specified command on the local system -- on the VAX/VMS system where Kermit-32 is running. These
commands provide some local file management capability without having to leave the Kermit-32 program. These
commands are very similar to the REMOTE commands in function and syntax. They are all executed locally, and
are available when Kermit-32 is either local or remote. The arguments to these commands are the same as the
arguments expected from the user Kermit when Kermit-32 is processing a command in server mode.
COPY filespec
Make a copy of the given file (or files). Kermit-32 will prompt for the new file specification.
The command is actually performed by using the DCL COPY command (COPY/LOG old-file
new-file), and any options which are valid on the DCL COPY command may be included.
CWD [directory]
Change working directory, or, in VAX/VMS terminology, change the default device/directory.
This command takes the same arguments as the DCL SET DEFAULT command (i.e., a device
and directory, only a directory, or only a device). If no argument is given, the default device and
directory are reset to that in effect when Kermit-32 was run. The new default device and
directory will be typed out.
DELETE filespec Delete the specified file or files. This command is performed by using the DCL DELETE
command (DELETE/LOG filespec). Therefore, any options which are valid on the DCL
DELETE command may be included.
DIRECTORY [filespec]
Provide a directory listing of the specified files. This command is performed by using the DCL
1.4.3. Commands for Local File Management
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DIRECTORY command (DIRECTORY filespec), so any options valid for the DCL DIRECTORY command may be included.
DISK_USAGE [uic]
Display disk usage information for the given UIC. If no UIC is given, display disk usage
information for the process UIC. This command is performed by using the DCL SHOW
QUOTA command (SHOW QUOTA or SHOW QUOTA/USER=uic).
HELP
Display the help message describing the server commands which are available.
HOST DCL-command
Perform the given DCL command. The command should not perform any action which will
require more input. Any output resulting from the command will be typed on the terminal.
RENAME filespec Change the name of the specified file. Kermit-32 will prompt for the new name on the next line.
This command is performed by using the DCL RENAME command (RENAME/LOG old-file
new-file), so any options which are valid on the DCL RENAME command may be included.
SEND_MESSAGE terminal-name
Send a single line message to the given terminal. Kermit-32 will prompt for the message on the
next line. Since this command is performed using the DCL REPLY command
REPLY/TERMINAL=terminal-name "message"
OPER privileges are needed to perform it.
TYPE filespec
Display the contents of the specified file or files at your terminal. Each file will be preceded by
its name in angle brackets.
1.4.4. The CONNECT Command
Syntax: CONNECT [terminal-name]
Establish a terminal connection to the system connected to the terminal line specified here or in the most recent SET
LINE command, using the currently set communication parameters (local-echo, parity, etc). Get back to Kermit-32
by typing the escape character followed by the letter C. The escape character is Control-Rightbracket (^]) by
default. When you type the escape character, several single-character commands are possible:
B Send a BREAK signal.
C Close (but do not hang up) the connection and return to Kermit-32.
Q If a session log is active, temporarily Quit logging.
R Resume logging to the session log.
S Show status of the connection.
0 Send a null character.
? List all the possible single-character arguments.
^] (or whatever you have set the escape character to be):
Typing the escape character twice sends one copy of it to the connected host.
You can use the SET ESCAPE command to define a different escape character, and SET PARITY, and SET
LOCAL_ECHO to change those communication-line-oriented parameters. Type the SHOW LINE command for
information about your current communication settings.
Kermit-32 does not have any special autodialer interface. It assumes that the connection has already been made and
the line assigned. If the line has an autodialer attached to it, then you can type commands to the autodialer after you
CONNECT.
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1.4.5. The SET and SHOW Commands
The SET Command
Syntax: SET parameter [option [value]]
Establish or modify various parameters for file transfer or terminal connection. You can examine their values with
the SHOW command. The following parameters may be SET:
BLOCK_CHECK Packet transmission error detection method
DEBUGGING Record or display state transitions or packets
DELAY How long to wait before starting to send
ESCAPE Character for terminal connection
FILE For setting file parameters like file type
HANDSHAKE For establishing half duplex line turnaround handshake
IBM_MODE For communicating with an IBM mainframe
INCOMPLETE_FILE What to do with an incomplete file
LINE Terminal line to use for file transfer or CONNECT
LOCAL_ECHO For terminal connection, ON or OFF
MESSAGE The type of typeout to be done during transfers
PARITY Character parity to use
PROMPT Change the program’s command prompt
RECEIVE Various parameters for receiving files
REPEAT_QUOTE Character to use for repeat compression
RETRY How many times to retry a packet before giving up
SEND Various parameters for sending files
TRANSMIT Control TRANSMIT command echo and delay
SET DEBUGGING
Syntax: SET DEBUGGING options
Record the packet traffic, either on your terminal or in a file. Some reasons for doing this would be to debug a
version of Kermit that you are working on, to record a transaction in which an error occurred for evidence when
reporting bugs, or simply to vary the display you get when running Kermit-32 in local mode. Options are:
ON
Display each incoming and outgoing packet (lengthy).
OFF
Don’t display or record debugging information (this is the normal mode). If debugging was in
effect, turn it off.
The debugging information is recorded in the file specified by the most recent LOG DEBUGGING command.
SET ESCAPE
SET ESCAPE octal-number
Specify the control character you want to use to "escape" from remote connections back to Kermit-32. The default
is 35 (Control-]). The number is the octal value, 1 to 37 (or 177), of the ASCII control character you want to use,
for instance 2 is Control-B.
1.4.5. The SET and SHOW Commands
Page 13
SET FILE
Syntax: SET FILE parameter keyword
Establish file-related parameters:
BLOCKSIZE number
Specify the record size for incoming files when the file type is set to BINARY, FIXED, or BLOCK. Note
that "blocksize" is a misnomer, but one which is commonly used in VMS. All VMS disk files have a true
blocksize of 512 bytes. The Kermit "blocksize" (as well as the blocksize referred to in many VMS
commands, like BACKUP, and help files) is really the record size.
TYPE keyword
How Kermit-32 should treat and store the file that is being sent to it, i.e. that Kermit-32 is receiving, and
(in the case of FILE TYPE BLOCK only) how it is to read a file it is sending from disk. The choices are
ASCII, BINARY, BLOCK, and FIXED. The BINARY, BLOCK, and FIXED types use a default record
size (described below) which may be overriden, for received files only, with the SET FILE BLOCKSIZE
command. Because the VMS file system is so complex, and because files created by different applications
can have different characteristics, you might have to experiment with different values for the SET FILE
TYPE and SET FILE BLOCKSIZE commands before you find the one that works right for you.
ASCII
This is the default file type. Incoming files are stored as standard VAX/VMS text files with
variable length records and carriage return / line feed sequences implied between records (that
is, with the CR carriage control record attribute). This is the format preferred by most utility
programs under VAX/VMS. A fatal error occurs if any line is more than 4096 characters long.
Note that incoming lines are only terminated by carriage return, line feed sequences. A carriage
return that is not followed by a line feed or a line feed that is not preceded by a carriage return is
not considered the end of a line, and is included within the body of a record.
BINARY Store received files with variable length records and no record attributes. Records are written
using the current "blocksize", The last record may be short, with its record size correctly
indicated. The default "blocksize" for binary files is 510, so that a record together with its
two-byte length field exactly fill a 512-byte VMS disk block. Any file which is just a stream of
bytes can be stored as a BINARY file, and recovered intact later. This is the preferred file type
for use in archiving non-VMS files. The longest possible record is 32765 plus two bytes for the
RMS length field.
BLOCK Store received files exactly as they come in, byte for byte, with no formatting or record length
information. When sending files, send the file data literally, including record attributes (if any),
and ignoring all RMS attributes. Using a file type of BLOCK has proven effective when
transferring files between the same application on unlike systems, for example Lotus 1-2-3
spreadsheets between VMS and MS-DOS. When receiving a file in this mode, any unused
portions of the last block are filled with zeros.
FIXED
Store the file as a fixed-length-record binary file. Any file received is stored as fixed length
records with no record attributes, using the current "blocksize" (i.e. record length, 512 by
default). Fixed-length 512-byte records is the format used for binary files such as VAX/VMS
"EXE" files and RSX-11M/M+ "TSK" files. VMS BACKUP savesets are fixed-length-record
files with a record-length ("blocksize") of 2048 or more. Since even the last record of the file is
written with the whole record length (even if it is not filled), this format does not necessarily
maintain the correct length of a file. It should normally only be used for fixed-length-record
files coming from a VAX/VMS, PDP-11, or other system, when the fixed-length nature of the
data must be preserved.
NAMING keyword
Determine the form of names to be sent with outgoing files and determine the translation performed on
incoming file names. The choices are FULL, NORMAL_FORM and UNTRANSLATED.
FULL
Kermit-32 will send full file names (including device, directory, file name, file type and version
number). When receiving a file, Kermit-32 will perform no translation of the file name (which
must therefore be a legal VAX/VMS file specification).
NORMAL_FORM
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Kermit-32 will send only the file name and file type. When receiving a file, Kermit-32 will
convert the file specification received to contain only uppercase letters, digits, and at most one
period. Any other characters will be translated to "X". There will be at most 39 characters
before the period (if any), and at most 39 characters afterwards. This forces the file name to be a
valid VAX/VMS file specification for VMS versions 4.0 and later. This is the default style of
file naming.
UNTRANSLATED
Kermit-32 will send only the file name and file type. When receiving a file, Kermit-32 will not
perform any conversions on the file specification, which therefore must be a legal VAX/VMS
file specification. If you want to receive files with long names, use this option. To transfer files
with VAX/VMS long names between two VMS 4.0-or-later systems, use this option on both
sides.
SET HANDSHAKE
Syntax: SET HANDSHAKE ooo
Sets the half duplex line turnaround handshake character to the ASCII character whose octal value is ooo. Normally
required for communication with half duplex systems like IBM mainframes in linemode.
SET IBM_MODE
Syntax: SET IBM_MODE ON or OFF
For communicating with IBM mainframes over half-duplex linemode connections. When IBM_MODE is set to
ON, Kermit-32 will override the parity and local echo settings and use odd parity, local echo on, and also enable a
handshake character of XON (control-Q, ASCII 021 octal). This feature allows Kermit-32 to exchange packets over
half duplex connection with systems that wait for an XON before sending data.
The various features selected by this command can be overridden subsequently by SET PARITY, SET
LOCAL_ECHO, and SET HANDSHAKE commands.
SET LINE
Syntax: SET LINE [terminal-name]
Specify the terminal name to use for file transfer or CONNECT; the terminal-name can be up to 255 characters
long. If you issue this command using other than your job’s controlling terminal, you will be running Kermit-32 in
local mode, and you must log in to the remote system and run Kermit on that side in order to transfer a file. If you
don’t issue this command, Kermit-32 determines whether it is to run locally or remotely based on the default
terminal line found when Kermit-32 is started. Kermit-32 uses a list of logical names to determine which terminal
should be the default terminal line. The first of these names which translates to a terminal which is available (i.e.,
not allocated by some other process) is used. The logical names Kermit-32 tries are KER$COMM, SYS$INPUT,
SYS$$OUTPUT, and SYS$COMMAND. If none of these translate to an available terminal, Kermit-32 is running
detached, and a terminal must be specified by the SET LINE command before any actions can be performed. If a
terminal is found, Kermit-32 is running locally if this is a terminal other than the one controlling the job (i.e.,
different from SYS$COMMAND), otherwise Kermit-32 is running remotely. You can also select the line directly
in the CONNECT command; the command:
CONNECT TTA0
is equivalent to:
SET LINE TTA0
CONNECT
If you type SET LINE with no argument, you will deassign any previous assigned line and revert to remote mode on
your job’s controlling terminal.
1.4.5. The SET and SHOW Commands
Page 15
SET SERVER_TIMEOUT
Syntax: SET SERVER_TIMEOUT number
This specifies the number of seconds between timeouts during server command wait, 0 specifies that no timeouts
should occur during server command wait. When a Kermit server times out, it sends a NAK packet. Some systems
cannot clear piled-up NAKs from their input buffers; if you’re using such a system to communicate with a
Kermit-32 server, and you expect to be leaving the server idle for long periods of time, you should use this
command to turn off server command-wait timeouts. This command is also useful when a server is connected to a
modem that is waiting for a call to come in, in which case the server’s NAKs could confuse the modem’s autodialer.
SET TRANSMIT
Syntax: SET TRANSMIT DELAY integer, SET TRANSMIT ECHO ON/OFF
It is possible to set a few parameters associated with the raw TRANSMIT command that vary both what the user
sees on the screen as well as the speed of the transmit.
SET TRANSMIT DELAY
This parameter is the amount of time to delay after each carriage return is transmitted. Valid
delay values range between 0 (the default) and 9 tenths of a second. The format of the command
is: SET TRANSMIT DELAY d Where d is a single decimal digit representing tenths of a
second.
Some remote hosts may not be able to receive the characters as fast as Kermit-32 can send them.
The TRANSMIT DELAY can be used to slow up the transfer by adding a slight delay after each
line is sent.
The transfer also runs slower if the transmit echo is on, and the remote system is echoing the
characters as it receives them. If the transmit delay is set to 9 tenths of a second, the remote
system is echoing characters, the transmit echo is on, and the remote system still cannot keep up,
then the connection should be made at a slower baud rate.
Conversely, the file transfer speed can be increased by: setting the delay to 0 and the echo off,
stopping the remote system from echoing the characters it receives, and connecting at higher
baud rates.
SET TRANSMIT ECHO
This command controls what the user sees on the screen during the file transfer. The format of
the command is SET TRANSMIT ECHO ON or OFF. By default, the transmit echo is left off
and the user sees the number of each line after it has been transmitted. With transmit echo on,
the user sees whatever the remote system would normally echo back to him while he is typing in
a file. Note that turning the echo on typically slows the file transfer down.
The SHOW Command
Syntax: SHOW [option]
The SHOW command displays various information:
ALL
All parameters.
BLOCK_CHECK_TYPE
The block check type being requested.
COMMUNICATIONS
Parameters affecting the terminal line being used for communication.
DEBUGGING
Debugging mode in effect, if any.
DELAY
The number of seconds Kermit-32 will delay before starting a SEND or RECEIVE command
when in remote mode.
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ESCAPE
The current escape character for the CONNECT processing.
FILE_PARAMETERS
File blocksize, type, file naming, and incomplete file disposition.
INCOMPLETE_FILE_DISPOSITION
The action to take when a transfer is aborted.
LINE
Terminal line in use.
LOCAL_ECHO
Whether characters should be echoed locally when CONNECTed.
PACKET
For incoming and outbound packets.
PARITY
The parity type in use.
RECEIVE
For inbound packets.
RETRY
The number of retries to be done on bad packets.
SEND
For outbound packets.
TRANSMIT
Parameters for TRANSMIT command.
VERSION
The program version number of Kermit-32.
1.4.6. Program Management Commands
The HELP Command
Syntax: HELP [topic {subtopic}]
Typing HELP alone prints a brief summary of Kermit-32 and its commands. You can also type
HELP command
for any Kermit-32 command, e.g. "help send" or "help set parity" to get more detailed information about a specific
command. The HELP feature depends on the Kermit-32 help file being correctly installed on your system.
The EXIT and QUIT Commands
Syntax: EXIT
Exit from Kermit-32. You can also exit from the Kermit-32 when it is waiting for a command by typing a control-Z.
When Kermit-32 is running remotely, two control-Y’s will abort the transfer, bringing Kermit-32 back to command
mode. The two control-Y’s must be typed together; if a timeout occurs between them the first is ignored. When
Kermit-32 is running locally, two control-Y’s will stop Kermit-32 and return you to DCL. You will be able to
CONTINUE if you do not perform any command which runs a program. However, after continuing, control-A,
control-X and control-Z will no longer be accepted as commands.
QUIT is a synonym for EXIT.
1.4.6. Program Management Commands
Page 17
The LOG Command
Syntax: LOG [option [filespec]]
Log the specified option to the specified file:
SESSION
During CONNECT log all characters that appear on the screen to the specified file. During
CONNECT, the session log can be temporarily turned off during the remote session by typing
the escape character followed by Q (for Quit logging), and turned on again by typing the escape
character followed by R (for Resume logging).
TRANSACTIONS During file transfer, log the progress of each file. Transaction logging is recommended for long
or unattended file transfers, so that you don’t have to watch the screen. The log may be
inspected after the transfer is complete to see what files were transferred and what errors may
have occurred.
DEBUGGING
Log debugging info to the specified file. If no SET DEBUGGING command was previously
issued, the file will be opened and no information written. If DEBUGGING is turned on (either
via the SET DEBUGGING command or by typing control-D during a local transfer), the packet
debugging information will be written to the file. Packet format is described in Kermit, A File
Transfer Protocol, Frank da Cruz, Digital Press (1987).
Any log files are closed when you EXIT or QUIT from Kermit. You may explicitly close a log file and terminate
logging by using the LOG command without a file specification.
The STATUS Command
Syntax: STATUS
The current status of Kermit-32 will be displayed. This includes the number of characters that have been sent and
received from the remote Kermit. Also included is an estimate of the effective baud rate of the transfer. This number
is not intended to be exact, but only an indication of what range of throughput has been provided.
1.5. Raw Upload and Download
The TRANSMIT Command
Syntax: TRANSMIT file-spec
The TRANSMIT command allows you to upload files "raw" to systems that don’t have a Kermit program available.
Note that there is no error checking or packets involved in this method of file transfer.
This command does a raw transmit of an ASCII file, one character at a time, with carriage returns (no line-feeds) at
the end of each line. It is used with Kermit-32 in local mode. The user must first prepare the remote host to receive
the file by starting an edit session in input mode. Then the user can escape back to Kermit-32 and issue the
TRANSMIT command. After the transmit is finished, the user then CONNECTs back to the remote host again and
ends the edit session.
During a file transmit, the following control characters can be used to affect the transfer in progress:
CTRL-C
Cancel the transmit
CTRL-X
Cancel the file currently being transmitted
CTRL-Z
Cancel the file group currently being transmitted
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Page 18
See SET TRANSMIT for information about controlling echo and delays.
The LOG SESSION Command
Syntax: LOG SESSION file-spec
"Raw Download" is the term commonly used to describe the capture of a remote file on the local system, without
any kind of error detection or correction. This allows you to obtain files from remote systems that do not have
Kermit, but with the risk of loss or corruption of data.
Kermit-32 provides raw downloading via the LOG SESSION command during CONNECT to a remote system. The
session log is described above. To use session logging to capture a file:
1. Run Kermit on the VAX/VMS system.
2. SET LINE to the terminal line through which you will be connected to the remote system.
3. Perform any required SET commands to condition Kermit for communication with the remote system.
4. CONNECT to the remote system and log in.
5. Condition your job on the remote system not to pause at the end of a screenful of text, and give
whatever commands may be necessary to achieve a "clean" terminal listing -- for instance, disable
messages from the system or other users.
6. Type the appropriate command to have the desired file displayed at the terminal, but do not type the
terminating carriage return. On most systems, the command would be "type", on Unix it’s "cat".
7. Escape back to Kermit-32 and give the LOG SESSION command with the file specification where you
wish to store the data.
8. CONNECT back to the remote system and type a carriage return. The file will be displayed on your
screen and recorded in the session log file.
9. Escape back to Kermit-32 and give the LOG SESSION command without a file specification to close
the session log file.
The file you specified will contain everything that was typed on your screen. You will probably find that some
editing necessary to remove extraneous prompts, messages, padding characters, or terminal escape sequences, or to
fill in lost or garbled characters.
Use the TRANSMIT command for raw uploading.
1.6. Installation of Kermit-32
VMS Kermit-32 comes in 3 forms: Hex, Macro source, and Bliss source. Each can be used as the basis for
installation.
Before beginning, make a special directory for VMS Kermit and read the files VMS*.* from the Kermit distribution
tape into this directory. Columbia’s 9-track Kermit tapes are written with blocksize 8192, which is 4 times larger
than the default tape blocksize for VMS. You should mount these tapes on the VMS system with the following
command:
MOUNT/BLOCK=8192/DENSITY=1600 MTA0: KERMIT
(or substitute some other tape drive name for MTA0:) Do not use the /FOREIGN switch. Once the tape is mounted,
1.6. Installation of Kermit-32
Page 19
you can use normal VMS COPY commands to copy the files from the tape. For instance, if you have defined your
Kermit directory to have logical name KER:, you can use the following command to copy the VMS Kermit files
into this directory:
$ copy mta0:vms*.* ker:
You might also have received Kermit on a TK50 tape cartridge that contains a VMS BACKUP saveset, in which
case do this to get the files off:
1. SET DEFAULT to the directory under which you want the various Kermit subdirectories created.
2. Physically mount the TK50 cartridge, and type "MOUNT $TAPE1/FOREIGN".
3. Type "BACKUP/LOG $TAPE1/SAVE [.*]".
Installation Procedure
If you are running a pre-4.0 version of VMS, ignore the following material and skip ahead to the section Kermit-32
for Old VMS Versions.
At present, there is no VMSINSTAL "kit" for Kermit-32. However, there is a DCL procedure that will do most of
the installation work for you. It is called VMSINS.COM. To run it, type:
$ @vmsins
It will ask you the question "Rebuild from sources? (YES or NO)". If you reply NO, then the Kermit task image
will be decoded from the the VMSMIT.HEX file into KERMIT.EXE. If you reply YES, you will be given the choice
of building the program from the Macro-32 sources (which are generated by the Bliss compiler from the original
Bliss source code) or from the Bliss itself. All sites can build from Macro, but only those sites with Bliss compilers
can build from the Bliss.
After building the KERMIT.EXE file, the VMSINS procedure copies it into SYS$SYSTEM, and then builds and
installs the Kermit-32 help file in the system-wide help library (SYS$HELP:HELPLIB.HLB) so that users can get
help for Kermit by typing "help kermit" at the DCL prompt, and it will also build and install
SYS$HELP:KERMIT.HLP so that the HELP command will work from within Kermit.
HEX, Macro, or Bliss?
The VMSMIT.HEX file is built from KERMIT.EXE under the oldest version of VMS that the developers have
access to (for example VMS 4.5). If you are running that version of VMS or later, then you should reply NO to the
"Rebuild from sources? (YES or NO)" question.
If you are running an older version of VMS than the one under which the Kermit that forms the basis of the hex file
was linked, then you will not be able to run it on your VMS system, because of a runtime library conflict. In that
case, you should reply YES to the question, and VMSINS will try to build the program from the Macro-32 assembly
language source code using your system’s MACRO command. This should build a working version of Kermit-32
on all VAX/VMS systems 4.0 or later.
The only reason for building from the Bliss source is if you have made changes to Kermit-32. It is recommended
that you only work on the Bliss source, and not the Macro source. If you make changes to the macro source, there is
no way to carry them forward to the Bliss code, which is the true source code for the program. If you do intend to
make changes to the Bliss code, be sure to contact Columbia University’s Kermit Distribution Center first to make
sure you are working from the latest release and that nobody else has already done, or is working on, the same thing.
Kermit User Guide: VAX/VMS KERMIT 1.6
Page 20
Kermit-32 for Old VMS Versions
If you are running a pre-4.0 version of VAX/VMS, then you will have to install a very old version (3.1) of
Kermit-32, rather than the current version, until you upgrade your VMS version. To use version 3.1 of VMS
Kermit:
1. Rename VMSMIT.HEX to VMSV33.HEX
2. Rename VMSV31.HEX to VMSMIT.HEX
3. Run the VMSINS procedure and reply NO to the "Rebuild from source" question.
Note that the help files which are installed apply to the current release, 3.3.126, rather than to version 3.3.
Defining a Kermit Command
You should define a system-wide symbol for Kermit as a "foreign command", for example in your
SYS$MANAGER:SYLOGIN.COM (system-wide login command) file, like this:
KERMIT :== $SYS$SYSTEM:KERMIT.EXE
so that users can run Kermit just by typing its name.
Files
Kermit-32 is built from a number of BLISS-32 sources and one MACRO-32 source. In order to make it possible for
sites without BLISS-32 to build, MACRO-32 sources generated by BLISS-32 are also included for all of the BLISS
modules. The following files are distributed as part of Kermit-32:
VMSTT.BLI
Common BLISS source for the terminal text output support.
VMSGLB.BLI
Common BLISS source for the global storage for VMSMSG.BLI.
VMSMSG.BLI
Common BLISS source for the protocol handling module.
VMSCOM.REQ
Common BLISS require file which defines various common parameters. This is required by
VMSMSG.BLI. This file must be renamed to KERCOM.REQ.
VMSMIT.BWR
"Beware File" for Kermit-32 (read it!).
VMSMIT.BLI
BLISS-32 source for the command parser, and some basic support routines.
VMSFIL.BLI
BLISS-32 source for the file I/O.
VMSTRM.BLI
BLISS-32 source for the terminal processing. This handles the driving of the terminal line for
the transfers and the connect command processing.
VMSSYS.BLI
System interface routines for the Kermit generic command processing.
VMSGEN.MAR
Macro-32 source file that contains the REMOTE command text that is given to VMS. Sites
desiring to change what DCL commands are used to process the various generic server
commands can make those changes in this source. This also contains the text of the help
message returned in response to the server generic help command.
VMSERR.MSG
MESSAGE source for error messages used by VAX/VMS Kermit.
VMSERR.REQ
BLISS-32 require file which defines the error codes. This is REQUIREd by the BLISS-32
sources.
VMSMIT.MSS
SCRIBE source file for VMSMIT.DOC (this document).
VMSMIT.RNH
RUNOFF source for the help files for VAX/VMS Kermit. When this is run through RUNOFF
with /VARIANT=SYSTEM, it produces a .HLP (VMSSYS.HLP) file suitable for inserting into
the system help library (SYS$HELP:HELPLIB.HLB) to provide a KERMIT topic for the
system HELP command. When run through RUNOFF without the /VARIANT=SYSTEM, it
produces a .HLP file (VMSUSR.HLP) to be stored on SYS$HELP: for use by the Kermit HELP
command.
VMSSYS.HLP
RUNOFF output file for system wide Kermit HELP.
VAX/VMS Kermit
Page 21
VMSUSR.HLP
RUNOFF output file for Kermit’s HELP command.
VMSREN.COM
Command file to rename VMS*.* to KER*.*.
VMSINS.COM
Command file to build and install VAX/VMS Kermit.
VMSMIT.HEX
A hexified version of .EXE file for VMS Kermit. This file can be dehexified using the supplied
program. In the hexified form, the file should be transferable over any medium which handles
normal text. This is the most reliable copy of the executable version of VMS Kermit.
VMSHEX.MAR
Source for the hexification program. This is the program which was used to produce
VMSMIT.HEX. It can also be used to produce hexified version of any (or at least almost any)
Files-11 file. The dehexification program should then be able to reproduce a copy of the
original file with the file parameters correctly set. Note that the format used for the hexified
files is basically Intel hex format. There are some additional records used to store the record
format, etc. Also, the file name as typed to the prompt from VMSHEX is stored in the hexified
version of the file for use by the dehexification program. By doing this, it is possible to store
more than one binary file with a single hexified file.
VMSDEH.MAR
Source for the dehexification program.
VMSV31.*
Version VMS Kermit, the last version that will run under release 3.x of VMS. Versions 3.2 and
later require VMS release 4.0 or later.
VMSV3x.MEM
ocumentation on the changes between releases 3.1 and 3.1, and 3.2 and 3.3 of Kermit-32, and
additional installation information.
OTHER INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS
As distributed, Kermit-32 should work on any VAX/VMS system (version 4.0 and later). Customization is possible
with or without a BLISS-32 compiler. Default parameter values may be changed by changing the appropriate
LITERALs in the BLISS-32 source for VMSMSG, or the actual values which are stored in the routine MSG_INIT
in the MACRO-32 source for VMSMSG.
Sites can also easily change the commands which are used for processing the generic server functions (REMOTE
commands when running as a server). The text which makes up these commands is in the file VMSGEN.MAR,
along with the text of the REMOTE HELP message. This allows a site to make use of local programs for
performing some of the commands (perhaps using FINGER to perform the WHO command, etc.).
If you want to allow your users to assign external terminal lines for connecting to remote systems from the VAX,
e.g. by dialing out, you will have to configure those lines to allow the desired access. Otherwise, users will get a
message like "No privilege for attempted operation" when they do a SET LINE command. Sample commands for
terminal TXA0: might include:
$ SET PROTECTION=(W:R) TXA0:/DEVICE
or
$ SET PROTECTION=(W:RWLP)/DEVICE/OWNER=[1,4] TXA0:
or
$ SET ACL/OBJECT=DEVICE/ACL=(IDENTIFIER=INTERACTIVE,OPTIONS=NONE,ACCESS=READ+WRITE) TXA0:
Consult your VAX/VMS system manager’s manual for the ramifications (especially on security) of each of these
commands.
Page 22
Kermit User Guide
VAX/VMS Kermit
Index
Binary Files 6, 7
Cancelling a File Transfer 7
CONTINUE 16
Control-A 7
Control-C 16
Control-X 7
Control-Z 7
Debugging 12
DELETE 7
Eighth-Bit Prefix 6, 7
Escape Character for CONNECT 12
EXIT 16
File Type 13
Handshake 14
IBM 14
Incomplete File Disposition 7
Initial Filespec 6
Interference 5
Message Interference 5
Normal Form for File Names 6, 13
Parity 6, 7
QUIT 16
Raw Download 18
RECEIVE 7
Record too big 3
Repeated Character Compression 7
SEND 6
Server 9
SHOW 15
UNDELETE 7
VAX/VMS 1
Version 7
Wildcard 2
Page 23
Page 24
Kermit User Guide
VAX/VMS Kermit
Page i
Table of Contents
1. VAX/VMS KERMIT
1.1. The VAX/VMS File System
1.2. Program Operation
1.3. Conditioning Your Job for Kermit
1.4. Kermit-32 Commands
1.4.1. Commands for File Transfer
1.4.2. Server Operation
1.4.3. Commands for Local File Management
1.4.4. The CONNECT Command
1.4.5. The SET and SHOW Commands
1.4.6. Program Management Commands
1.5. Raw Upload and Download
1.6. Installation of Kermit-32
Index
1
2
4
5
6
6
9
10
11
12
16
17
18
23
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