PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL

PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
PLASTERBOARD
INSTALLATION MANUAL
www.usgboral.com
PB105 OCTOBER 2014
CONTENTS
Preface
3
Garage and External Ceilings
28
Introduction
3
Framed Walls
32
Standards
3
Masonry Walls
38
Plasterboard Linings
4
Wet Areas
41
Design Considerations
7
Curves and Arches
54
Materials
13
Cornices
56
Framing
18
Jointing
58
Linings Layout
19
Tools and Accessories
65
Plasterboard Fixing
20
Decorating Plasterboard Linings
67
Internal Ceilings
21
Contacts and Further Information
68
Figure 1: USG Boral Operations
2
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
PREFACE
STANDARDS
USG Boral Building Products is a plasterboard and ceilings
Joint Venture between USG Corporation and Boral Limited,
and is one of the leading players in this field.
The following Australian and other Standards are referenced
in this publication:
•
AS 2588 Gypsum plasterboard
Operating throughout Asia, Australasia and in the Middle
East, USG Boral Building Products combines USG’s innovative
building products technologies with Boral’s extensive
plasterboard manufacturing and distribution footprint in Asia
and Australia.
•
AS 2589 Gypsum linings — Application and finishing
•
AS 3740 Waterproofing of domestic wet areas
•
AS 4858 Wet area membranes
•
AS 1684 Timber framed construction
USG Boral Building Products is well positioned to service
the Australian market through its manufacturing facilities
in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, and Australiawide distribution network of around 100 company-owned
stores and independent resellers.
•
AS 4440 Installation of nailplated timber roof trusses
•
AS 1170.2 Wind actions
•
AS 1397 Steel sheet and strip — hot dipped, zinc coated
or aluminium/zinc coated
•
AS 3700 Masonry structures
For more information on USG Boral Building Products refer to
www.usgboral.com
•
AS2918 Domestic solid-fuel burning appliances
— Installation
•
AS 5601 Gas installations
•
National Association of steel-framed housing (NASH)
standard for residential and low-rise steel framing
•
AS 3566 Self-drilling screws for the building and
construction industries
•
AS 1145.3 Determination of tensile properties of plastic
materials Part 3: Test conditions for films and sheets
•
AS 1716 Respiratory protective devices
•
ISO 9002 Quality systems — Model for quality assurance
in production, installation and servicing
•
AS 2311 The painting of buildings
•
AS 4600 Cold-formed steel structures.
INTRODUCTION
This manual is intended for use by plastering contractors
and builders. It outlines recommended methods for
installation, jointing and finishing of USG Boral plasterboard
linings in non-fire rated residential construction including
general areas, wet areas, garage ceilings and shielded
external ceilings.
Refer USG Boral System Selector and relevant system
publications for fire rated and acoustic construction details.
While this manual outlines plasterboard installation
specification for timber framed construction, similar
installation, jointing and finishing details apply to steel
framed buildings. Refer relevant USG Boral publications for
steel framed plasterboard construction details.
Installation specifications outlined in this manual apply to
Level 4 finish, unless noted otherwise (see Levels of Finish).
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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3
PLASTERBOARD LININGS
GENERAL
Invented by USG more than 100 years ago, plasterboard has
become the most common dry lining material for walls and
ceilings in modern building construction.
Manufactured on a continuous production line, plasterboard
is comprised of a specially formulated gypsum core encased
between heavy duty paper liners. Locally manufactured
USG Boral plasterboard products utilise naturally occurring
gypsum and 100% recycled paper.
Plasterboard sheets are commonly available in 1200mm
and 1350mm widths and have recessed longitudinal edges
facilitating a smooth, seamless joint finish.
USG Boral plasterboard products meet the requirements
of AS 2588 Gypsum plasterboard.
PLASTERBOARD FEATURES
AND BENEFITS
Figure 2: Plasterboard Line
•
Lightweight
•
Cost effective
•
Versatile
•
Easy to install to timber, steel and masonry substrates
•
Provides smooth, stable base for paint and other
decorative finishes.
PLASTERBOARD TYPES
AND APPLICATIONS
USG Boral supplies a number of plasterboard types to suit
various applications:
TABLE 1: USG BORAL PLASTERBOARD PRODUCTS
PLASTERBOARD TYPE
APPLICATIONS
SHEETROCK ® Brand Wall Board
10mm
SHEETROCK ® Brand Ceiling Board
10mm
Lightweight ceiling linings
SHEETROCK ® Brand Standard
13mm
Lightweight wall and ceiling linings
Regular plasterboard
Unispan®
10mm, 13mm
10mm
Lightweight wall linings
Wall and ceiling linings
Ceiling linings
Wet Area Board™
10mm, 13mm
Tiling substrate in wet areas
Soundstop®
10mm, 13mm
Sound isolation between rooms
12.5mm
Sound absorption within a room
Echostop®
13mm, 16mm
Fire resistant linings
Wet Area Firestop®
13mm, 16mm
Fire resistant linings in tiled wet areas
Impactstop®
10mm, 13mm
Impact resistant linings
Multistop™
13mm, 16mm
Fire and impact resistant linings
(moisture and mold resistant options are available)
Firestop®
Flexiboard®
6.5mm
Shaftliner™
25mm
Fiberock® (paperless gypsum board)
4
THICKNESS
10mm, 13mm, 16mm
OCTOBER 2014
Curved walls and ceilings
Shaft enclosures and separating walls
Fire, impact, moisture and mold resistant linings
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» PLASTERBOARD LININGS
PLASTERBOARD PROPERTIES
FIRE HAZARD PROPERTIES
DIMENSIONAL STABILITY
Wall and ceiling lining materials in certain types of buildings
must comply with the Fire Hazard Properties requirements
of the BCA.
Under normal ambient temperature and humidity conditions,
plasterboard has the following expansion properties:
Thermal Coefficient of Linear Expansion:
16.2 x 10-6 mm / (mm°C) at temperature range 4 to 38°C
Hygrometric Coefficient of Expansion:
7.2 x 10-6 mm / mm%RH (5 to 90%RH)
All USG Boral plasterboard lining products are classified as
Group 1 (least hazardous) materials and have a smoke growth
rate index less than 100 and average specific extinction area
less than 250 m2/kg when tested in accordance with the BCA.
IMPACT RESISTANCE
THERMAL RESISTANCE
The R-values of some USG Boral products are provided in the
following table:
USG Boral offers a number of lining products specifically
developed for applications requiring enhanced impact resistance:
TABLE 3: IMPACT RESISTANT LINING PRODUCTS
TABLE 2: THERMAL RESISTANCE
PLASTERBOARD TYPE
R-VALUE
PRODUCT
RELATIVE IMPACT RESISTANCE
Multistop
Moderate
10mm Regular plasterboard
0.056m2 K/W ±10%
Multistop HI
13mm Regular plasterboard
0.073m2 K/W ±10%
Fiberock
10mm Fiberock
0.038m2 K/W ±10%
13mm Fiberock
0.049m2 K/W ±10%
FIRE RESISTANCE
Plasterboard is deemed to be a non-combustible material for
the purposes of the Building Code of Australia (BCA).
While plasterboard inherently possesses a certain degree
of fire resistance due to the chemical composition of
the gypsum core, the following USG Boral products have
enhanced fire resistance properties and are specifically
formulated for use in fire rated construction:
•
Firestop
•
Wet Area Firestop
•
Multistop
•
Fiberock
•
Shaftliner.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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High
Very high
MOISTURE RESISTANCE
Although plasterboard is not a waterproof material, USG Boral
offers a number of lining products classified as moisture
resistant under the BCA requirements for domestic wet areas.
These products include:
•
Wet Area Board
•
Wet Area Firestop
•
Fiberock
•
Certain types of Multistop.
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» PLASTERBOARD LININGS
SUSTAINABILITY
SAFETY
RAW MATERIALS
The following precautions are recommended when installing
and finishing plasterboard:
Gypsum used in locally manufactured USG Boral plasterboard
products is mined from abundant resources at Kevin in
South Australia. The mine has in place a rehabilitation and
revegetation strategy aimed at creating a landscape with
natural appearance and native local vegetation.
•
Avoid creating dust when handling plasterboard or
mixing jointing compounds.
•
When sanding, minimise the effects of dust by:
− providing adequate ventilation
Plasterboard paper liner is manufactured from 100% recycled
waste paper fibre and contains no virgin paper fibre.
− wearing eye protection
Fiberock gypsum board contains 95% recycled content.
− wearing a respiratory mask conforming to
AS 1716 Respiratory protective devices
PLASTERBOARD MANUFACTURE
− using mechanical sanding tools fitted with dust
extractor and storage bag.
Apart from natural gypsum and recycled paper, the key
inputs in the plasterboard manufacturing process are natural
gas and potable water.
All USG Boral plasterboard production facilities are certified
under ISO 9002 Quality systems — Model for quality
assurance in production, installation and servicing.
USG Boral aims at exceeding the local Environment
Protection requirements and at maximising the use of
recycled water at its manufacturing facilities.
•
In addition, the users should observe Occupational Health
and Safety tips contained on the packaging labels for
USG Boral products as well as safe manual handling practices.
FIRST AID
•
If plaster compound or dust comes into contact with the
eyes, wash eyes thoroughly with clean potable water.
•
If plaster compound or dust comes into contact with
skin, wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
•
If dust is inhaled, move to a fresh air environment.
•
If plastering compound or dust is ingested, drink plenty
of water.
PLASTERBOARD RECYCLING
Plasterboard waste can be recycled into new plasterboard
or as soil conditioner.
For further information contact your local USG Boral office.
Keep tools and materials out of reach of children.
EMBODIED ENERGY
Material Safety Data Sheets for USG Boral products can be
downloaded from www.usgboral.com
As shown in the following table, embodied energy per kg of
plasterboard compares favourably with other lining materials:
In emergencies call 1800 033 011
For poison assistance call 13 11 26
TABLE 4: EMBODIED ENERGY OF LINING MATERIALS
MATERIAL
Plasterboard
PER* EMBODIED ENERGY (MJ/kg)
4.4
Fibre cement
4.8
Particleboard
8.0
Plywood
MDF
Hardboard
10.4
11.3
24.2
* PER - Process Energy Requirements.
Source: Building Materials Energy and the Environment, Bill Lawson,
The Royal Australian Institute of Architects, 1996.
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
When designing a house, a number of factors need to be considered to ensure satisfactory long term performance
of plasterboard linings:
CONDENSATION
VENTILATION
Condensation occurs when warm and humid air comes into
contact with cold surfaces.
Roof spaces and building sub-floors should be well ventilated
in order to prevent condensation and heat build up
(especially in metal framed buildings and dark coloured roofs
without sarking).
Condensation on internal building surfaces is more likely to
occur where there are large temperature fluctuations and
the moisture content inside a house (often generated in a
bathroom, laundry or kitchen) is high.
Repeat or prolonged condensation may lead to; nail-popping,
sagging ceiling linings, rotting, mould growth, joint and corner
cracking and deterioration of internal air quality. If left untreated,
condensation may result in structural damage to the building
and health concerns for the building occupants.
The following precautions can help minimise internal
condensation:
Refer BCA for minimum ventilation and clearance
requirements for sub-floor spaces.
Ample air space is necessary for good ventilation in ceiling
areas, particularly below metal decks and tiled roofs with
aluminium foil sarking.
USG Boral recommends ventilating unheated roof spaces
above ceilings in cold or moderate climates by:
•
Using louvres or other approved devices (ie Whirlybirds)
to cross-ventilate roof spaces.
•
Ensuring any attic space suitable for use as a habitable
room, or walled-off storage area has at least 50% of the
required ventilating area located in the upper part of the
ventilated space.
•
Keep air spaces well ventilated to promote moisture
dissipation, especially in the roof and sub-floor spaces.
•
In rooms such as bathrooms, kitchens and laundries
exhaust moisture-laden air to the outside of the building
and not into the roof or ceiling space.
•
•
Use vapour barriers in conjunction with insulation around
the building envelope. Place vapour barrier on the warm
side of insulation.
Restricting the unheated space to as near the high point
of the roof as possible and above the anticipated level
of any future ceilings.
•
Ensuring that the ratio of the total net free ventilating
area to ceiling area is not less than 1:150.
•
Use thermal breaks on steel framing members (refer BCA).
Sarking
Tile roof
Insulation
Vapor barrier on warm side
Insulation
Brick veneer wall
Brick veneer wall
Slab-on-ground construction
Floor-on-stump construction
Figure 3: House Ventilation
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» DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
DEVICES GENERATING HEAT
ACOUSTICS
USG Boral Plasterboard does not recommend the use of
radiant heating systems continuously subjecting plasterboard
ceilings to temperatures in excess of 42°C.
Effective sound isolation is an essential element of functional
house design.
Prolonged exposure to temperatures higher than 42°C may
cause changes in the chemical composition of the gypsum
core and loss of plasterboard integrity over time.
The following regulatory and normative requirements must
be followed in order to prevent plasterboard deterioration
due to excessive temperatures from heat generating devices:
•
BCA provisions for installation of heating appliances,
fireplaces, chimneys and flues
•
AS 2918 Domestic solid-fuel burning appliances
— Installation
•
AS 5601 Gas installations.
In accordance with AS 5601, gypsum based wall boards
within 200mm of the edge of the nearest burner must
be protected to a height of not less than 150mm above
the periphery of that burner and for the full length of the
cooking surface area with a fire resistant facing material.
In no case the periphery of the burner should be closer
than 140mm to wall linings.
Unwanted noise may emanate from external sources such as
traffic or neighbouring properties, or from internal sources
such as home entertainment systems or plumbing.
Common design factors that can influence the level of noise
within a house include:
•
House orientation
•
Internal layout
•
Location of doors and windows
•
Placement of power points, downlights and other
services penetrations
•
Placement of plumbing and heating/air conditioning services
•
Location of appliances and audio visual equipment.
The diagram below shows acoustic performance of some
USG Boral wall systems:
R w (dB)
Twin stud timber framed wall
2x13mm Soundstop each side
6mm fibre cement board constitutes acceptable method of
protection for 10mm plasterboard in domestic installations.
13mm Fiberock lining is approved by Energy Safe Victoria for
use behind 5mm toughened safety glass splashbacks in nonload carrying situations.
Refer splashback fire protection requirements by relevant
state and Territory authorities.
Staggered stud timber framed wall
2x10mm Soundstop each side
Timber framed wall
2x10mm Soundstop each side
Quiet Living wall system
50
Loud speech cannot
be heard
48
Only some loud speech
can be barely heard
45
Must strain to
hear loud speech
42
Loud speech can be
heard only as a murmur
35
Loud speech can be
heard, but not understood
30
Loud speech can be
heard easily
25
Normal speech can
be heard easily
Standard timber framed wall
ROOF SARKING
Roof sarking can reduce the risk of condensation and also
provides protection from the elements such as wind, dust
and rain.
Figure 4: Noise Levels
NOTE:
Sarking is strongly recommended under tiled roofs in order to
prevent ceiling damage due to rain blowback.
8
Acoustic performance of timber or steel framed wall systems can
be improved by adding cavity insulation.
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
ATTACHMENTS
CONTROL JOINTS
A wide range of proprietary fixings are available for attaching
light fixtures directly to plasterboard linings. Fixings should
be used in accordance with manufacturers' instructions to
support the intended loads.
Plasterboard linings are not designed to withstand stresses
due to structural movements or excessive changes in
temperature or humidity.
Heavy loads must be fixed directly into the studs or noggings
with appropriate fasteners.
Potential stress build up and cracking can be minimised by
incorporating control joints as follows:
•
Provide control joints in walls and ceilings at maximum
12m intervals in both directions (max 6m intervals in
external ceilings) and at every change of lining material.
•
Provide horizontal control joints at mid-floors in
stairwells in multi-storey buildings.
•
Place plasterboard control joints over movement joints in
the substrate or structural elements and at every change
of substrate material.
•
Utilise floor to ceiling openings as control joints.
•
Fit double studs or joists, spaced slightly apart, in the
frame at control joint locations (refer Framed Walls –
Control Joints on page 35).
The following point loads can be supported directly by
Fiberock linings:
TABLE 5: MAXIMUM LOADS ON FIBEROCK
FIBEROCK
THICKNESS
MAXIMUM POINT LOAD
PARALLEL TO THE BOARD*
10mm
10kg
13mm
13kg
16mm
16kg
* Loads applied at the head of a single 8 gauge high thread screw inserted
sufficiently to allow the parallel thread section of the screw to be in
contact with the full depth of the Fiberock lining.
NOTE:
Wall framing must be checked for its capacity to carry
attached loads.
WALLS ON BOUNDARY
According to BCA, external walls on or in close proximity to
the boundary are required to be fire rated from the outside
(refer BCA for fire rating requirements). USG Boral OutRwall
lightweight external wall systems have been specifically
designed for this application and are available in fire ratings
up to FRL 90/90/90.
For more information refer to www.usgboral.com/outrwall
ATTACHED DWELLILNGS
Separating walls between attached dwellings must satisfy
BCA fire rating and acoustic requirements.
USG Boral Partiwall lightweight separating wall systems have
been specifically designed to suit Australian construction
methods and are available in fire ratings up to FRL 90/90/90
and acoustic ratings up to Rw+Ctr=56dB.
For more information refer to www.usgboral.com /partiwall
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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» DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
LEVELS OF FINISH
The term ‘Level of Finish’ applies to plasterboard linings prior
to decoration.
AS 2589 Gypsum linings — Application and finishing defines
three levels of finish: 3, 4 and 5. Level 4 is the default level
of finish for plasterboard linings, unless specified otherwise.
It is essential that the level of finish is determined at the
design stage since each level has specific requirements for
substrate tolerances and plasterboard installation, jointing
and finishing. The desired level of finish may not be achieved
unless all of these requirements are met through various
stages of construction.
Levels of finish recommended for various lighting conditions
and surface decorations are shown in Figure 5.
NOTES:
•
In critical lighting conditions, surface variations may still
be apparent in a Level 4 surface finish.
•
Gloss, semi-gloss or deep tone paints are not recommended
for Level 4 finish, as they accentuate surface variations.
LEVEL 5
Level 5 finish should be used where gloss or semi-gloss
paints are specified or where lining surfaces will be exposed
to critical lighting conditions.
Level 5 finish is characterised by a parity of surface texture
and porosity. All joints and interior angles must have tape
embedded in the jointing compound and a minimum of two
separate coats of jointing compound applied over all joints,
angles, fastener heads and accessories.
For the full description of levels of finish refer AS 2589.
A summary of various levels of finish is provided below:
LEVEL 3
This level of finish is used in areas that do not require
decoration or where finish is not important (for example,
above ceiling level or inside service shafts and the like).
Butt joints in walls and ceilings must be between framing
members and back-blocked. Recessed joints in the ceilings
must be back-blocked.
All joints and interior angles must have tape embedded
in the joint compound and one separate coat of joint
compound applied over all joints and fastener heads.
The work is finished with proprietary surface preparations or
skim coating to remove differential surface textures and porosity.
A suitable paint or plaster material (eg USG Boral Tuff-Hide
primer surfacer or Diamond Veneer Finish) is sprayed, rolled or
trowelled over the defined area. The surface texture must be
random and monolithic, concealing joints and fixing points.
Butt joints and recessed joints in walls and ceilings can
be on framing members.
LEVEL 4
This is the default and generally accepted level of
plasterboard finish. All joints and interior angles must have
tape embedded in the jointing compound and a minimum of
two separate coats of joint compound applied over all joints,
angles, fastener heads and accessories.
Butt joints in walls and ceilings must be between framing
members and in certain cases back-blocked. Recessed joints
in the ceilings must be back-blocked in any area containing
three or more recessed joints.
If Level 4 surface is to be exposed to critical light (see
Glancing Light on page 12), it should be covered with
textured finishes or wall coverings. Smooth textured finishes
and flat/matt or low sheen paints can be used when Level 4
finish is illuminated by non-critical lighting. Flat paints in this
situation tend to conceal joints better.
10
Weight, texture and sheen level of wall coverings and
finishes should be carefully evaluated and joints should be
adequately concealed if wall-covering material is lightweight,
glossy or lightly patterned.
NOTES:
•
If Level 5 finish is desired for a decorated plasterboard
surface, this must be specified at the design stage.
•
Level 5 finish is difficult to achieve and always requires
the cooperation of the framer, plasterer and painter in
establishing suitable work practices that deliver the agreed
painted finish for the given project.
•
Some minor surface variations may still be visible in Level 5
finish, however, these will be minimised.
•
The surface of the defined area may require sanding to be
suitable for decoration.
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
FRAMING TOLERANCES
Maximum deviations in the bearing surface of the finished framing prior to installation of plasterboard linings are as follows:
TABLE 6: FRAMING TOLERANCES* (mm)
FRAMING AREA
LEVEL 3
LEVEL 4
LEVEL 5
90% of area
4
4
3
Remaining area
5
5
4
* Deviation at any point of the bearing surface of the finished framing when measured with 1.8m straight edge (refer AS 2589).
WHAT IS THE
FINAL DECORATION?
FINISH
NOT IMPORTANT
OR IS UNDECORATED
PAINT
WALL COVERING,
WALLPAPER
OR TEXTURE
PASTEL
OR MID-TONES
CRITICAL AND
NON-CRITICAL
LIGHTING
LEVEL 3 FINISH
SEMI-GLOSS
OR GLOSS PAINT
FLAT, MATT, SATIN OR
LOW SHEEN PAINT
NON-CRITICAL
LIGHTING
LEVEL 4 FINISH
DARK TONES
CRITICAL
LIGHTING
CRITICAL AND
NON-CRITICAL
LIGHTING
LEVEL 5 FINISH
Figure 5: Levels of Finish
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» DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
NATURAL LIGHT
GLANCING LIGHT
Glancing light is the light that shines across a surface rather
than directly at it. Glancing light casts shadows from minute
undulations that would not normally be visible in diffuse
(non-directional) lighting.
While minor surface variations can always be expected (even
with a Level 5 finish) the appearance of flatness will depend
predominantly on the amount of glancing light the surface
receives and to some degree its intensity and direction.
Some of the worst instances of glancing light occur with
ceiling-mounted unshaded light globes and where windows
are located close to ceilings or walls allowing sunlight to
shine across adjacent surfaces.
In order to avoid the effects of glancing light, it is important
to carefully plan selection and placement of windows and
lighting during the design phase.
The effects of natural glancing light can be exaggerated
by late afternoon or early morning sunlight as well as
reflections from adjacent walls, roofs and water features
such as swimming pools, canals and waterways.
Wall surfaces abutting tall, narrow windows facing the sun
(or a reflecting surface) are likely to be affected, as will
raked ceilings abutting clerestory windows and flat ceilings
abutting window heads.
Where a building design cannot be changed, the effects
of glancing light can be minimised by using window shades,
soft furnishings, curtains, blinds and pelmets.
Avoid using dark, high-gloss paint finishes as they highlight
glancing light problems; instead, use light, matt finishes to
minimise the effect.
NOTES:
ARTIFICIAL LIGHT
It is recommended that artificial lighting should either be
hung below the ceiling surface and fitted with shades, or
recessed into the ceiling (ie downlights).
Positioning of feature lighting, such as spot and flood lights
needs to be planned so that light shining across wall or
ceiling surfaces is minimised.
•
USG Boral publication Guide to Lighting and Decoration
of Plasterboard provides further guidance to good lighting
and decoration practice.
•
High intensity halogen floodlights or fluorescent lights
should not be used for visual inspection of interior surfaces
as they create unfavourable glancing light conditions.
Wall mounted lights, shining up on the ceiling, tend to accentuate
wall surface variations.
High output lights are more severe in their effect because they
create deeper shadows. Similarly, the whiter the light, the stronger
the contrast and the greater the perceived surface variations.
Soft, low wattage, diffused lighting provides the most
favourable lighting conditions for wall and ceiling surfaces.
Figure 6: Plasterboard surface under normal lighting conditions
12
Figure 7: Same plasterboard surface under glancing light
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
MATERIALS
The following USG Boral products are commonly used in residential construction:
PLASTERBOARD
10mm/13mm Regular
10mm SHEETROCK Brand Wall Board
10mm Unispan
10mm SHEETROCK Brand Ceiling Board
10mm/13mm Wet Area Board
13mm SHEETROCK Brand Standard
10mm/13mm Fiberock
10mm/13mm Soundstop
Figure 8: USG Boral Plasterboards
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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» MATERIALS
PLASTERBOARD SIZE AND AVAILABILITY
Standard sizes and availability of select USG Boral plasterboard products are shown in the following table:
TABLE 7: SIZE AND AVAILABILITY OF PLASTERBOARD
LENGTH (m)
PLASTERBOARD EDGE THICKNESS WIDTH
TYPE
PROFILE
(mm)
(mm)
Flexiboard
RE
6
6.0
5.4
4.8
4.2
3.9
1200
3.6
3.3
3.0
2.7
2.4
NVQSWCT
1200
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
1350
NVQSCT
QST
NVQSCT
NQSCT
C
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
NSCT
NVQSWCT
NQSCT
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
NSCT
NVQSWCT
4.1
C
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
NVQSCT
T
T
10
RE
Regular
plasterboard
6.3
900
13
W
1200 NVQSWCT
1350
RE/SE
Unispan
RE
1200
NQSWCT
1350
NQSWCT
900
WC
W
W
NVQSWCT NVQSWCT NVQSWCT
NSW
Q
6.3
1200 NVQSWCT
S
1350 NVQSWCT
S
1200
NVQSWCT NVQSWCT
Q
NVQSWCT
NQSWCT
NVSWCT
NSWC
NVQSWCT
Q
NVSWCT
NVQSWCT
QS
NVQSWCT
S
QSW
NVQSWCT
W
NWC
QW
Soundstop
RE
W
7.4
1350
13
1200
10
1200
13
1200
NVQWCT
NVQSWCT
ST
NVCW
9.6
NVQSWCT
8.2
RE
SHEETROCK
Brand
Wall Board
RE
SHEETROCK
Brand
Ceiling Board
RE
SHEETROCK
Brand Standard
1200 NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
NQW
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
N
11.8
NVQSWCT
5.3
1200 NVQSWCT
RE
NVQSCT
10
1350 NVQSWCT
RE/SE
Fiberock
6.8
NVQSWCT NVSWCT NVQSWCT
10
Wet Area Board
8.3
NQSWCT
10
10
MASS.
(kg/m2)
NVQSWCT NVQSWCT
10
5.9
1350 NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
1200 NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT
1350
NVQSWCT
NVQSWCT NVQSWCT
13
6.9
13
1350
NQ
NQ
10
1200
NVQSWCT
10
13
1200
NVQSWCT
12
RE
LEGEND:
Locations
N=NSW, V=VIC&TAS, Q=QLD, S=SA, W=WA, C=ACT, T=NT
Edge Profile
RE=Recessed Edge, SE=Square Edge
NOTES:
•
Size and availability correct as at date of publication.
•
Product availability should be checked with the local USG Boral Sales Office as certain products and sizes may only be available on
order or in pack lots.
•
Refer www.usgboral.com for the full range of USG Boral plasterboard products.
14
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» MATERIALS
DECORATIVE CORNICES
Linear (75mm)
Cairo 2 Step (50mm)
Cairo 2 Step Shadowline (50mm)
Cairo 3 step (75mm)
Cairo 4 Step (100mm)
Manly (75mm)
Sydney Cove (90mm)
New York (90mm)
Cove (55mm)
Cove (75mm)
Cove (90mm)
Figure 9: USG Boral Cornices
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
15
» MATERIALS
MATERIAL QUANTITIES
Plasterboard coverage areas and approximate fixing and compound requirements are given in the following tables:
TABLE 8: FIXING AND JOINTING COMPOUNDS PER 100m2 of PLASTERBOARD
WALLS
FRAME SPACING
CEILINGS
600mm
450mm
600mm
450mm
1250
1490
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
1010
1210
FIXING METHOD
Nails only
Nails and Adhesives
840
870
2.9kg stud adhesive
4.3kg stud adhesive
910
1050
Screws only
Screws and Adhesives
700
750
800*
900*
2.9kg stud adhesive
4.3kg stud adhesive
2.9kg stud adhesive
4.3kg stud adhesive
JOINTING MATERIALS
Tape
75m
Base Compounds
16kg
Finishing Compounds
8kg
* Conventional fixing method
TABLE 9: BOARD COVERAGE AREA m2
WIDTH
mm
1200
1350
16
LENGTH
mm
NUMBER OF SHEETS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
20
30
40
50
60
2400
2.88
5.76
8.64
11.52
14.40
17.28
20.16
23.04
25.92
28.80
57.60
86.40
115.20 144.00
2700
3.24
6.48
9.72
12.96
16.20
19.44
22.68
25.92
29.16
32.40
64.80
97.20
129.60
3000
3.60
7.20
10.80
14.40
18.00
21.60
25.20
28.80
32.40
36.00
72.00 108.00 144.00 180.00
3600
4.32
8.64
12.96
17.28
21.60
25.92
30.24
34.56
38.88
43.20
86.40
129.60
172.80
4200
5.04
10.08
15.12
20.16
25.20
30.24
35.28
40.32
45.36
50.40 100.80
151.20
201.60 252.00 302.40
4800
5.76
11.52
17.28
23.04
28.80
34.56
40.32
46.08
51.84
57.60
115.20
172.80 230.40 288.00 345.60
5400
6.48
12.96
19.44
25.92
32.40
38.88
45.36
51.84
58.32
64.80
129.60 194.40 259.20 324.00 388.80
6000
7.20
14.40
21.60
28.80
36.00
43.20
50.40
57.60
64.80
72.00 144.00
2400
3.24
6.48
9.72
12.96
16.20
19.44
22.68
25.92
29.16
32.40
64.80
97.20
129.60
162.00 194.40
2700
3.65
7.29
10.94
14.58
18.23
21.87
25.52
29.16
32.81
36.45
72.90
109.35
145.80
182.25
3000
4.05
8.10
12.15
16.20
20.25
24.30
28.35
32.40
36.45
40.50
81.00
121.50
162.00 202.50 243.00
3600
4.86
9.72
14.58
19.44
24.30
29.16
34.02
38.88
43.74
48.60
97.20
145.80 194.40 243.00
4200
5.67
11.34
17.01
22.68
28.35
34.02
39.69
45.36
51.03
56.70
113.40
170.10 226.80 283.50 340.20
4800
6.48
12.96
19.44
25.92
32.40
38.88
45.36
51.84
58.32
64.80
129.60 194.40 259.20 324.00 388.80
5400
7.29
14.58
21.87
29.16
36.45
43.74
51.03
58.32
65.61
72.90
145.80
6000
8.10
16.20
24.30
32.40
40.50
48.60
56.70
64.80
72.90
81.00
162.00 243.00 324.00 405.00 486.00
OCTOBER 2014
|
172.80
162.00 194.40
216.00
216.00 259.20
216.00 288.00 360.00 432.00
218.70
218.70
291.60
291.60 364.50 437.40
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» MATERIALS
PLACING BILLETS
DELIVERY, HANDLING
AND STORAGE
All billets are to be placed in proper vertical alignment so
each tier is evenly supported. If billets are not spaced evenly
or in vertical alignment, cumulative pressure on unsupported
lower units may cause plasterboard to sag.
To reduce the risk of damage, plasterboard should be
delivered to site just prior to installation.
During handling, sheets should be carried in an ‘upright’
position with particular care taken to protect the edges.
Plasterboard should be stored in neat, flat stacks off the
ground/floor in a dry covered area. This will prevent sagging
and minimise damage to board edges and surfaces.
If storing outdoors, stack sheets on a level, moisture-free
platform, and keep fully protected from the weather. Ensure
the platform can support a load up to 800kg/m3 density.
Plasterboard stacking supports should be spaced at no more
than 600mm centres (400mm centres for 6.5mm Flexiboard).
Figure 10: Correct placement of billets
HOW TO POSITION A LOAD
•
Billet width and height should be uniform
•
Billet length should correspond to plasterboard width, eg.
− 1200mm long billets for 1200mm wide plasterboard
− 1350mm long billets for 1350mm wide plasterboard.
Figure 11: Incorrect placement of billets
Figure 12: How to position a load
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
17
FRAMING
FRAMING CHECK
TIMBER FRAMING
Prior to installation of plasterboard, framing should be
thoroughly checked by builder to ensure that:
Timber framing substrates for plasterboard linings
must comply with AS 1684 Timber Framed Construction.
Roof trusses must comply with AS 4440 Installation of
Nailplated Timber Roof Trusses.
•
It is plumb, level and square
•
Spacing of studs, joists and battens does not exceed the
limits specified in the relevant sections of this Manual
•
•
Maximum deviations in the bearing surface of the
finished framing do not exceed the maximum tolerances
allowed for the required Level of Finish (refer Table 6
Framing Tolerances). Where these tolerances are
exceeded, a suitable levelling system should be used
Noggings supporting services such as taps and cisterns
do not protrude beyond the face of the framing
•
All openings are framed and ceiling perimeter battens
are installed where required
•
Trimmers are installed where primary ceiling support
members such as girders, trusses and joists, change
direction within a room
•
All contact surfaces are dry, clean and free from foreign
materials such as oil, grease and dirt
•
Plumbing and electrical services have been installed
and do not protrude beyond the face of the framing
•
The area is weatherproof.
FIXING FACE REQUIREMENTS
Minimum widths of framing member fixing faces are as follows:
FIXING FACE TYPE
TIMBER FRAMING
STEEL FRAMING
Supporting a joint
35
32
Other
30
30
if they are firm, sound and sufficiently flat for the required
level of finish (ensure fixings are of sufficient length by
allowing for the thickness of existing linings).
LOW SHRINKAGE TIMBER
•
Timber with a moisture content under 16% at the time
of lining. Generally includes seasoned or kiln dried
timbers such as F5/F7 Radiata Pine.
•
Timber with moisture content at or above 16% but a
tangential shrinkage below 8%. Generally includes green
timbers such as Radiata Pine, Hoop Pine, Douglas Fir,
Cypress Pine, Western Hemlock, Jarrah, Red Narrowleaved Ironbark, Rose/Flooded Gum and Spotted Gum.
Both mechanical fastener only or combination adhesive/
fastener fixing methods can be used for low shrinkage timbers.
HIGH SHRINKAGE TIMBER
Timber with moisture content at or above 16% at the time of
lining and a tangential shrinkage of more than 8% is classified
as high shrinkage timber. This generally includes timbers
such as Mountain Ash, Messmate, River Red Gum, Alpine Ash,
Karri and Blackbutt (commonly referred to as Builder’s,
or OB, Hardwood).
When fixing plasterboard to high shrinkage timbers,
a combination adhesive/fastener system must be used.
TABLE 10: MINIMUM WIDTHS OF FIXING FACES (mm)
Plasterboard can be installed directly over existing linings
For the purposes of determining a suitable plasterboard
fixing method, timber falls into the following categories:
TREATED TIMBER
USG Boral PremiumBond™ stud adhesive can be used with
anti-termite treated or untreated internal timber. H2F treated
timber should be aired for a minimum of 14 days prior to
application of stud adhesive.
STEEL FRAMING
Steel framed plasterboard substrates must comply with
AS 4600 Cold-formed steel structures, National Association
of Steel-framed Housing (NASH) Standard for Residential
and low-rise steel framing and AS 1397 Steel Sheet and Strip
— hot dipped, zinc coated or aluminium/zinc coated.
The framing must be assembled and installed in accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions.
18
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
LININGS LAYOUT
•
Carefully plan installation. Sheets should be set out to
ensure best coverage and to minimise butt joints and waste.
•
Wall sheets should be applied horizontally if a level of finish
of 4 or 5 is required. Sheeting may be vertical if it covers
the whole wall.
Where possible, sheets should run across doors and
windows and be cut out after fixing. The cut-outs can
be used to cover small areas.
•
•
Full length sheets should be used where possible to
eliminate the need for sheet-end butt joints.
•
Where sheet-end butt joints are necessary, they must be
positioned between supports.
•
Stagger butt joints on adjoining sheets and with those
on opposite sides of the wall.
•
Vertical joints should be kept a minimum of 200mm from
the edge of openings.
•
Ceiling sheets should be installed with the long edge at
right angles to the direction of the support members.
Split sheet
10mm nom gap at ceiling
Full
width
sheet
Full
width
sheet
Window
Doorway
Split sheet
10mm temporary
floor packer blocks
Figure 13: Room Layout Option 1
Provide control joints in walls and ceilings at:
•
− maximum 12m intervals in both directions
(max 6m for external ceilings)
− at every change of lining material
− over construction joints in the substrate
10mm nom
gap at ceiling
− at every change of substrate material.
200mm min
from joint to
edge of
opening
NOTES:
•
Horizontal fixing is the preferred wall sheet orientation for
a Level 4 finish as it minimises the effects of glancing light,
reduces jointing and places joints at a convenient height
for stopping.
•
Noggings are not required behind recessed joints in
horizontal applications.
•
The use of panel lifters will assist in placement and fixing
of ceiling sheets.
Narrow sheet
vertically
10mm temporary
floor packer blocks
Figure 14: Room Layout Option 2
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
19
PLASTERBOARD FIXING
Plasterboard should preferably be applied to ceilings first and then to walls. This will minimise sheet handling and damage.
FASTENING SYSTEMS
PLASTERBOARD FASTENERS
Plasterboard should be fixed to framing using one of the
following fastening systems:
SCREWS
•
Combination of adhesive and fasteners
•
Screw fixed only
•
Nail fixed only.
TABLE 11: PLASTERBOARD SCREWS
SCREW TYPE
NOTES:
•
The combination adhesive and fastener system is the
preferred option for general applications.
•
Combination adhesive and fastener system must be used
on High Shrinkage timbers (refer page 18).
•
Use a fastener-only system on walls that are to be tiled
or that may carry surface-mounted items such as mirrors —
do not use adhesive.
APPLICATION
W
Wood/timber only
S
Steel BMT* up to 0.75mm
D
Steel BMT* 0.75 - 2.00mm
L
Plasterboard laminating
* BMT - Base Metal Thickness
TABLE 12: SCREW LENGTH (mm)
•
Stud adhesive does not constitute a fixing system on its
own and must be used in conjunction with screws or nails.
PLASTERBOARD LINING
TIMBER
METAL
•
Avoid fixing plasterboard linings before the installation
of ridge capping and the enclosure of gable ends.
25*
25
1x13mm
30
25
2x10mm
40
30
2x13mm
50
40
1x10mm
GENERAL SCREW
AND NAIL FIXING
* Min 30mm W screws must be used for ceilings direct fixed to timber framing
NAILS
•
Plasterboard sheets must be held firm against framing
while driving fasteners
TABLE 13: PLASTERBOARD NAILS
•
Screws and nails should be slightly overdriven to allow
for stopping but should not break the face paper
Gold Passivated
LH Smooth Shank
Softwood Wall framing
•
Screws and nails should be positioned 10–16mm from
sheet edges and ends
Gold Passivated
LH Ring Shank
Softwood Wall framing
•
Screws should be selected from Tables 11 and 12
Galvanised
LH Smooth Shank
Hardwood Wall framing
•
Nails should be selected from Tables 13 and 14
Galvanised
LH Ring Shank
Softwood Wall framing
•
Screws used for plasterboard fixing must comply
with AS 3566 Self-drilling screws for the building
and construction industries. Part 2: Corrosion
resistance requirements.
NAIL TYPE
APPLICATION*
* USG Boral does not recommend nail fixing of ceiling linings
TABLE 14: NAIL LENGTH (mm)
SMOOTH SHANKED
NAILS
ANNULAR
RING SHANKED NAILS
PLASTERBOARD
LINING
SOFTWOOD HARDWOOD SOFTWOOD HARDWOOD
20
1x10mm
40
30
30
-
1x13mm
40
30
30
-
2x10mm
50
50
-
-
2x13mm
65
50
-
-
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
INTERNAL CEILINGS
CEILING LOADS AND SPANS
Plasterboard spans and loads directly supported on ceiling linings must not exceed the maximum values indicated in the
following table:
TABLE 15: MAXIMUM LOADS AND SPANS FOR INTERNAL CEILINGS
MAXIMUM TOTAL LOAD* FOR GIVEN WIND CLASS (kg/m2)
PLASTERBOARD TYPE
SPAN (mm)
N1
N2
N3
N4
10mm SHEETROCK Brand Ceiling Board
600 (max)
2.6**
2.6**
2.0
2.0
13mm SHEETROCK Brand Standard
450
2.6**
10mm Unispan
600 (max)
2.0
13mm Regular
450
2.6**
450 (max)
2.0
10mm SHEETROCK Brand Wall Board
10mm Regular
10mm Wet Area Board
* Total Load includes weight of insulation and any fixtures directly supported on ceiling linings.
** 1/3 Fixing method must be used if directly supported load exceeds 2.0kg/m2 (maximum load 2.6kg/m2).
NOTE:
Loads in excess of the above must be supported independently from a roof or ceiling structure.
Figure 15: Finished internal ceiling
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
21
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
CEILING SUPPORT OPTIONS
NOTES:
There are two general support options for ceiling linings:
1.
Direct fixed, where sheets are fixed directly to structural
ceiling members. If plasterboard is direct fixed to
structural ceiling members, trimmers are to be installed
by the builder where primary ceiling support members
such as girder trusses and joists change direction within
a room.
2. Furred or battened fixing, where sheets are fixed to
secondary framing members, such as metal or timber
battens or metal furring channels installed in the
opposite direction to structural members.
•
Experience has shown that metal battens or furring channels
will generally produce a superior ceiling and it is the
recommended method for use under trussed roofs subject
to significant structural movements and for ceilings with
square set finish.
•
Ceiling battens and furring channels should stop at least
10mm clear of non-load bearing internal walls as not to
impede truss or floor joist deflection.
•
End-to-end joints in Rondo furring channels and 301 batten
should be made using appropriate Rondo joiners. Leave
5–10mm gap between joined sections. Stagger adjacent endto-end joints between different framing members.
Ceiling joists or bottom cords of trusses
Trimmers
Ceiling
Lining
Figure 16: Direct Fixed Ceiling
Furring channels
Ceiling joists or bottom
cords of trusses
Ceiling
Lining
Figure 17: Furred Ceiling
22
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
Maximum spans of direct fixed, continuous Rondo furring
channels and battens are as follows:
METAL FURRING CHANNELS
AND BATTENS
TABLE 16: MAX SPANS OF CONTINUOUS 129
FURRING CHANNEL (mm)
USG Boral recommends the following Rondo metal
components for furred plasterboard ceilings:
WIND CLASS N2
CEILING LINING
WIND CLASS N3
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
1x10mm pbd
2070
1900
1850
1630
1x13mm pbd
2060
1850
1810
1600
2x10mm pbd
1680
1530
1680
1525
2x13mm pbd
1650
1530
1650
1470
Source: Rondo Building Services
129 Furring Channel
308 Furring Channel
TABLE 17: MAX SPANS OF CONTINUOUS 308
FURRING CHANNEL (mm)
WIND CLASS N2
CEILING LINING
@ 600mm
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
1340
1230
1270
1110
1x13mm pbd
1430
1270
1240
1090
2x10mm pbd
1080
990
1080
990
2x13mm pbd
1150
1080
1150
1000
1x10mm pbd
303 Cyclonic Batten
301 Batten
WIND CLASS N3
@ 450mm
Source: Rondo Building Services
TABLE 18: MAX SPANS OF CONTINUOUS 303
CYCLONIC BATTEN (mm)
WIND CLASS N2
226 Fixing Clip
394 Fixing Clip
(for fixing of 129 and 308
Furring Channels)
(for fixing of 129 and 308
Furring Channels)
CEILING LINING
WIND CLASS N3
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
1x10mm pbd
1300
1200
1175
1084
1x13mm pbd
1267
1168
1154
1064
2x10mm pbd
1231
1118
1231
1118
2x13mm pbd
1179
1087
1093
1009
Source: Rondo Building Services
TABLE 19: MAX SPANS OF CONTINUOUS 301
BATTEN (mm)
304 Fixing Clip
314 Fixing Clip
(for fixing of 301 Batten)
(for fixing of 301 Batten)
WIND CLASS N2
CEILING LINING
@ 450mm
WIND CLASS N3
@ 600mm
@ 450mm
@ 600mm
1x10mm pbd
1200
1200
1200
1120
1x13mm pbd
1200
1200
1200
1100
2x10mm pbd
861
782
861
782
Source: Rondo Building Services
138 Joiner
315 Joiner
(for 129 and 308 Furring Channels)
(for 301 Battens)
Figure 18: Rondo Ceiling Components
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
23
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
ADHESIVE AND FASTENER LAYOUT
CONTROL JOINTS
•
Control joints must be provided in internal ceilings at
max 12m centres in both directions.
1/3 Fixing Method (Preferred)
•
Ceiling battens should be discontinued at control joint
locations.
and daubs half way between fasteners.
•
Control joints can be formed by fitting Rondo P35
Control Joint or plastic expansion beads that leave a
neat, clean and flexible joint (see P35 Control Joint
installation instructions on page 35).
Conventional Method
Space fasteners at 1/3 points across the width of the sheet
Use double fasteners along the sheet centreline and space
daubs between the fasteners at 230mm maximum centres.
Ceiling fastener and adhesive layouts for both methods
are shown in the table below.
NOTE:
Proprietary control joint sections are designed to accommodate
normal expansion/contraction movements in plasterboard linings
and substrates, and not significant structural movements. Other
solutions may be required in such situations.
FIXING TO CEILINGS
TABLE 20: ADHESIVE AND FASTENER LAYOUT FOR CEILINGS
SHEET WIDTH
CONVENTIONAL FIXING
1/3 FIXING
900mm
FAF/FAF
FAFAF
1200mm
FAAF/FAAF
FAFAFAF
1350mm
FAAF/FAAF
FAFAFAF
Legend: F = screw F/F = double screws A = adhesive
FIXING WITH COMBINATION OF
ADHESIVE AND SCREW FASTENERS
NOTES:
•
1/3 fixing must be used for ceiling linings applied to H2F
treated timber or to painted metal battens battens.
•
USG Boral plasterboard has lines printed on the face of the
sheet to guide fixing.
•
When using conventional method, temporary fasteners (nails
or screws driven through plasterboard blocks to hold sheets
in place while adhesive cures) should be installed at every
second framing member and remain for at least 24 hours.
General Fixing Notes
•
Framing members should be clean and free from dust,
dirt, grease and surface moisture.
•
Refer to General Screw and Nail Fixing on page 20.
•
Stud adhesive daubs should be approx
25mm diameter x 15mm high.
•
Do not use adhesive at sheet ends.
•
Keep daubs 200mm (nom) from sheet edges.
FIXING WITH SCREWS ONLY
•
Keep daubs 200mm (nom) from screw points.
•
•
It is recommended that at sheet ends screws are spaced
at 300mm maximum centres for cornices and 150mm
maximum centres for square set finish.
Space screws at maximum 300mm centres across
the width of the sheet.
•
At sheet ends space screws at 300mm maximum for
cornices and 150mm maximum for square set finish.
•
Refer to General Screw and Nail Fixing on page 20.
•
Refer Table 21 and Figure 22 for the number of screwing
points across the sheet width.
Framing
Plasterboard lining
Adhesive
daub
W-type
screw fastener
TABLE 21: SCREW FIXING (ONLY) LAYOUT FOR CEILINGS
SHEET WIDTH
200mm nom
Figure 19: Adhesives and screw fasteners at sheet edges
SCREW POINTS
900mm
4
1200mm
5
1350mm
6
Note: Screw points should be equally spaced
24
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
Stud adhesive daubs
Screws
1350mm
1200mm
900mm
Figure 20: Combination adhesive and screw fixing to ceilings – 1/3 fixing method
Stud adhesive daubs
Double screws
Screws
Temporary fasteners
recommended
1350mm
1200mm
900mm
Figure 21: Combination adhesive and screw fixing to ceilings - conventional method
Screws
6 screws
1350 sheet
5 screws
1200 sheet
4 screws
900 sheet
Figure 22: Screw fixing (only) layout for ceilings
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
25
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
BACK-BLOCKING
BUTT JOINTS IN CEILINGS
Back-blocking is a reinforcing system designed to minimise
cracking and deformation along recessed edge and butt joints.
Wherever possible, avoid the need for butt joints by using
full length sheets.
Back-blocking consists of plasterboard panels adhered to the
back of sheet joints. Boral recommends the use of USG Boral
Back-Blocking Adhesive or Cornice Adhesive.
If sheets must be joined ‘end-to-end’ then the joints must
fall mid-span between framing members and be supported
by back-blocking panels (nom 400mm wide) for the length
of the joint or between stitching battens (see below).
Australian Standard AS 2589 Gypsum Lining — Application
and Finishings requires back-blocking of:
•
all butt joints in ceilings
•
recessed joints in Level 4 finish ceilings in any room
containing three or more recessed joints
•
all recessed joints in Level 5 finish ceilings.
Back-Blocking Butt Joints
Butt joints can be back-blocked by forming a recess in the
plasterboard face, where the sheet ends meet, using Rondo
Stitching Batten or temporary wooden battens and packers.
NOTE:
USG Boral recommends that all ceiling joints should be back-blocked.
Figure 23: Rondo Stitching Batten B005
Nom 50mm
Nom 300mm
Nom 50mm
Back-blocking between
stitching battens
Rondo stitching batten
fixed with 4 x 'S' type screws
Use USG Boral
Back-Blocking Adhesive
or cornice adhesive
Ceiling framing
Plasterboard lining
Figure 24: Back-blocking using Rondo Stitching Batten
3mm thick
packer strip
Back-block
Ceiling framing
USG Boral
Back-Blocking Adhesive
or cornice adhesive
Temporary nailing
Temporary nailing
Plasterboard lining
Temporary battens
Figure 25: Back-blocking using temporary batten and packer
26
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» INTERNAL CEILINGS
Longitudinal joint
nom 200mm wide back-block
Overlap back-block
nom 100mm onto
adjoining sheet
Screw fixing
Butt joint
nom 400mm wide
back-block
Nom 100mm
Nom 400mm
Longitudinal joint
nom 200mm wide
back-block
Nom 20mm gap typical
Ceiling joist
Butt joint
nom 400mm wide
back-block
Longitudinal joint
nom 200mm wide
back-block.
Max 300mm
Butt joint
nom 400mm wide
back-block
Screw locations
(fastened from
plasterboard side)
Butt joint
nom 400mm wide
back-block
Adhesive daubs
nom 400mm centres
Screw fixing
max 400mm centres
Rondo Stitching
Batten fixed at max
300mm centres
Overlap back-block
nom 100mm onto
adjoining sheet
Longitudinal joint
nom 200mm wide
back-block
Figure 26: Back-blocking using stitching battens — Plan view
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
27
GARAGE AND EXTERNAL CEILINGS
GENERAL
DESIGN NOTES
Ceilings in garages, carports, verandahs and alfresco areas
are subject to more extreme loads and conditions than
normal internal ceilings and require special attention to their
fixing and detailing.
•
The following USG Boral products are recommended
for lining of garage ceilings, alfresco areas and other
external protected ceilings:
− 10mm SHEETROCK Brand Ceiling Board
− 13mm SHEETROCK Brand Standard
Some factors contributing to these extra loads include:
•
Wind loads
− 13mm Regular
•
Condensation
− 10mm Unispan
•
Roller door vibrations
− 13mm Wet Area Board
•
Insufficient perimeter support
− 10mm Fiberock.
•
Exposure to atmospheric variations
(ie humidity, temperature, etc).
•
Refer to Table 22 for maximum frame and screw
spacings for external ceilings.
•
Provide foil sarking and good ventilation to prevent
heat build up and condensation pooling on the top
NOTES:
•
External ceilings left unpainted for prolonged periods
of time should be covered with a sealer coat to reduce the
risk of board and compound deterioration.
of plasterboard.
•
All Purpose compounds are not recommended for
external applications.
•
Consideration should be given to the use of plastic external
angles in highly corrosive environments.
28
•
Provide a min 6mm wide gap between the edges
of ceiling linings and adjacent walls, beams,
columns and fascias.
•
Fascia boards and perimeter beams should extend a
min 25mm below plasterboard to provide a drip edge.
•
Screws used for fixing of external ceiling linings must
comply with AS 3566 Self-drilling screws for the
building and construction industries. Part 2: Corrosion
resistance requirements.
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» GARAGE CEILINGS
INSTALLATION OF GARAGE CEILINGS
•
Ensure there are adequate perimeter noggings
•
Use the 1/3 Fixing Method as illustrated in Figure 20
•
Fasten along the perimeter lines @ 300mm max centres
as illustrated in Figure 27
It is recommended that the lower portion of the cornice
is fastened to perimeter timber beams
Brick perimeter wall shown
•
300 max
600 max
400 max
300 max
300 max
•
A Rondo metal angle (P40), could also be fastened to
the beam to provide concealed added support to the
ceiling at the rear of the cornice
•
Thicken cornice adhesive to avoid dribble on brick wall face
•
When adhering cornice to masonry wall, apply Cornice
Adhesive to the back of cornice so that it does not
squeeze out under the bottom edge.
300 max
400 max
400 max
Screw fastener locations.
Use ‘W’ Type screws
Nom
200mm
Noggings between
ceiling members
Top plate on brick wall
Plasterboard adhesive daubs
Back-blocking
Ceiling framing members
at max 600mm ctrs
Nom 20mm gap typical
Figure 27: Garage ceiling fixing layout (1200mm wide plasterboard sheets shown)
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
Perimeter Detail
29
» EXTERNAL CEILINGS
INSTALLATION OF EXTERNAL CEILINGS
•
•
Spacing between framing members should not exceed
the maximum values indicated in Table 22. In areas
where these values are exceeded, suitable ceiling battens
or furring channels should be provided at required spacings.
Metal ceiling battens and furring channels should be
installed in accordance with Rondo specifications.
Ceiling linings should be fully screw fixed at maximum
spacings indicated in Table 22. Refer Table 11 and 12 for
screw types.
•
Run plasterboard sheets at right angles to framing members.
•
Back-block all joints in ceiling linings as per USG Boral
back-blocking specifications.
•
Control joints must be provided in external ceilings
at max 6m centres in both directions.
•
External ceilings should be painted with a three coat
exterior paint system including a sealer undercoat
and applied in accordance with manufacturer’s
recommendations.
TABLE 22: MAXIMUM FRAMING AND FIXING SPACINGS FOR EXTERNAL CEILINGS
WIND CLASS
CEILING LINING
N1
N2
N3
N4
450
450
300
300
300
300
250
200
10mm SHEETROCK Brand Ceiling Board
13mm SHEETROCK Brand Standard
Max Framing Spacing
(mm)
10mm Unispan
13mm Regular
13mm Wet Area Board
Max Screw Spacing
(mm)
10mm Fiberock
Figure 28: Alfresco area
30
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» EXTERNAL CEILINGS
Sarking
Timber or
steel battens
Timber beam
Ceiling
lining
Screw fastener locations
Fasten cornice
to timber beam
Timber beam
Refer Table 22 for max screw spacings
Edge Detail
Refer Table 22 for max
framing spacing
200mm
nom
External brick
wall shown
Back-blocking
20mm nom gap typical
Figure 29 : External Ceiling Fixing Layout (1200mm wide plasterboard sheets)
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
31
FRAMED WALLS
•
Space daubs at 300mm max centres along
the studs.
•
Space screws or nails at 300mm max centres
at sheet ends (corners).
•
Space nails at 150mm max centres or screws
at 200mm max centres where butt joints
are allowed on a framing member (Level 3
finish only).
•
Refer to General Screw and Nail Fixing
1200mm sheet
FIXING WITH
COMBINATION OF
ADHESIVE AND
FASTENERS
Temporary fasteners
at every second stud
on page 20.
TEMPORARY FASTENERS
Figure 30: Combination adhesive and screw fixing on walls
Under normal drying conditions, temporary
fasteners (nails or screws driven through
plasterboard blocks to hold sheets in place
while adhesive cures) must be installed at every
second stud and remain for at least 24 hours.
4 screws
900mm & 1200mm sheet
FIXING WITH
SCREWS ONLY
•
Space screws at 300mm max centres at
internal and external corners and around
door and window openings.
•
Space screws at 200mm max centres
where butt joints fall on a framing member
(Level 3 finish only).
•
Refer Table 23 and Figure 31 for wall
fastener layout.
•
Refer to General Screw and Nail Fixing
on page 20.
5 screws
1350mm sheet
NOTE:
Continuous fastening around door and
window penetrations is optional as differential
movement of wall framing, plasterboard
linings and architraves is recommended for
maintenance reduction.
Figure 31: Screw fixing to walls
TABLE 23: SCREW FIXING (ONLY) LAYOUT FOR WALLS
SHEET WIDTH
SCREW POINTS – FIELD
SCREW POINTS – SHEET END
900mm
4
4
1200mm
4
5
1350mm
5
6
Note: Screw points should be equally spaced.
32
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» FRAMED WALLS
FIXING WITH NAILS ONLY
(Level 3 finish only)
•
Space single nails at 240mm and double
nails at 300mm max centres at sheet
ends (corners).
•
Space nails at 150mm max centres where
butt joints are allowed on a framing
member (Level 3 finish only).
•
Double nails should be 50–75mm apart.
•
Refer Table 24 and Figure 32 for min number
of nailing points per framing member.
•
Refer to General Screw and Nail Fixing
on page 22.
5 nails – 900mm sheet
6 nails – 1200mm sheet
1350mm sheet
7 nails
BUTT JOINTS IN WALLS
Wherever possible, avoid the need for butt
joints by using full length plasterboard sheets.
Figure 32: Nail fixing to walls (single nails)
If sheets must be joined ‘end-to-end’, the joints
should fall within 50mm of the mid-span between
framing members. Butt joints greater than
400mm in length and less than 2m above floor
must be back-blocked with nom 400mm wide
back-blocking panels for the length of the joint.
Butt joints on opposite sides of the wall should
fall between different framing members.
TABLE 24: NAIL FIXING (ONLY) LAYOUT FOR WALLS
SINGLE NAILS
SHEET WIDTH
NAIL POINTS IN FIELD
NAIL POINTS AT SHEET END
900mm
5
5
1200mm
6
6
7
7
1350mm
DOUBLE NAILS
NAIL POINTS IN FIELD
NAIL POINTS AT SHEET END
NOTE:
SHEET WIDTH
900mm
4
4
Butt joints in walls may be made on a framing
member only if Level 3 finish is required.
1200mm
4
5
1350mm
5
6
Note: Nail points should be equally spaced.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
33
» FRAMED WALLS
INTERNAL CORNERS
The ends of plasterboard sheets at internal corners may be supported by one of two methods described below.
Where High Shrinkage timber is used (refer page 18) the sheets must not be nailed/screwed on either side of the corner and
only Method 2 (both sheets floating) may be used. Use a metal angle (Rondo P40) to support sheet ends at internal angles
with only one stud.
METHOD 1 – BOTH SHEETS FIXED
METHOD 2 – BOTH SHEETS FLOATING
(Internal Corner with 2 studs illustrated).
(Internal Corner with 1 stud and metal angle illustrated).
Corner stud
Both sheets of
plasterboard fixed
through to corner studs
at 300mm ctrs max
Corner studs
2
600
Adhesive daubs to
both sides of steel
angle at 200mm ctrs
Temporary
fasteners in
overlapping
sheet at 300mm
max ctrs.
Remove when
adhesive
has set
1
Figure 33: Internal Corner – both sheets fixed
mm
ma
x
2
Rondo P40
galvanized
steel angle
fixed to
stud
@ 600mm
max ctrs
1
Figure 34: Internal Corner – both sheets floating
•
Fit the underlying sheet (1) firmly into corner and fasten
along the edge at 300mm max centres
•
Cut the metal angle 10mm shorter than the wall height
and fix the angle to the stud @ 600mm centres
•
Fit the overlapping sheet (2) with the edge firmly
against the first sheet and fasten at 300mm max centres.
•
Apply stud adhesive daubs at 200mm max centres
to both sides of the angle
•
Fit the underlying sheet (1) fully into the steel angle
•
Fit the overlapping sheet (2) hard up against the
underlying sheet.
Apply temporary fasteners or surface blocks for 24 hours
until adhesive has cured.
40mm
40mm
Figure 35: Rondo P40 Angle
34
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» FRAMED WALLS
CONTROL JOINTS
Control or expansion joints are used to minimise potential
stress and cracking in wall and ceiling linings due to structural
movements or changes in temperature and humidity.
They can be formed by fitting the Rondo P35 Control Joint
or plastic expansion beads that leave a neat, clean and
flexible joint.
Full height floor to ceiling openings can also form effective
control joints.
Control joints should extend through cornice.
Installation (P35 Control Joint):
•
Leave gap of 20mm (nominal) between the ends
of plasterboard sheets
•
Insert the surface mounted P35 Control Joint in the
gap and fix by stapling or nailing on to the board
at 300mm centres
Control joints should be installed:
•
In walls and ceilings at maximum 12m intervals in both
directions (max 6m intervals in external ceilings)
•
At every change of lining material
•
Over movement joints in the substrate
•
Stop and finish the joint
•
At every change in substrate material
•
•
Provide horizontal control joints at mid-floors in
stairwells in multi-storey buildings.
When dry, remove the filament tape, protecting the
centre of the P35, to leave a clean, neat joint.
Complete break
in wall framing
20mm nom gap
Plasterboard
lining
Rondo P35
control joint section
Figure 36: Control joint in timber stud wall
Figure 37: Rondo Control Joint Section P35
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
35
» FRAMED WALLS
DOOR JAMBS
Jamb stud
Jamb stud
Plasterboard lining
Packing
Door jamb
Plasterboard lining
Door jamb
Architrave
Rondo P50
Shadowline Stopping Angle
Figure 39: Door Jamb With Shadowline Stopping Angle
Figure 38: Door Jamb With Architraves
SHADOWLINE STOPPING ANGLE
The Rondo P50 Shadowline Stopping Angle can be used to
neatly finish plasterboard where:
•
a set joint or internal corner is not possible
•
cracking may occur
•
a shadowline effect is required such as:
− plasterboard and masonry wall junctions
− ceiling and wall junctions
− door and window jambs.
Figure 40: Rondo Shadowline Stopping Angle P50
36
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» FRAMED WALLS
WALL-CEILING JUNCTIONS
Common treatments of timber framed plasterboard wall-ceiling junctions include the following:
Ceiling lining
Ceiling lining
Cornice fixed as per
the USG Boral
specification
Rondo P50
shadowline
stopping
angle
Wall lining
Wall lining
Figure 41: Cornice Detail 1 (unsupported)
Figure 44: Shadowline Angle 1
Ceiling lining
Ceiling lining
Rondo P40 perimeter
support angle screw fixed
to top plate @ 600mm max
ctrs (100mm max from
ends). Screw fix pbd to
angle @ 300mm max ctrs
Rondo P50
shadowline stopping angle
Cornice fixed as per the
USG Boral specification
Wall lining
Wall lining
Figure 42: Cornice Detail 2 (perimeter supporting angle)
Figure 45: Shadowline Angle 2
Ceiling batten or
furring channel
Ceiling lining
Ceiling lining screw
fixed to end battens
@ 150mm max ctrs
Provide
min 90mm x 35mm
nogging between ceiling
members. Screw fix pbd
to noggongs @ 300mm
max ctrs
Square set corner
stopped as per
Internal Corners,
page 63
Cornice fixed as
per the USG Boral
specification
Wall lining
Wall lining
Figure 43: Cornice Detail 3 (perimeter trimmers)
Figure 46: Square Set
NOTE:
Ceiling battens or furring channels are recommended for square set finish to minimise the risk of localised cracking.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
37
MASONRY WALLS
GENERAL
USG Boral plasterboard provides a dry
alternative to cement render and solid plaster
finishes over masonry walls.
Two common installation methods are:
•
Fixing sheets directly to masonry using USG
Boral Masonry Adhesive
•
Fixing sheets over timber battens or metal
furring channels fastened to masonry.
The batten/furring channel method will
allow a cavity space for services to run
between the masonry wall and plasterboard
as well as providing a true fixing surface and air
flow ventilation.
It is essential that all new masonry surfaces be
allowed to dry to normal levels before installing
USG Boral plasterboards.
Masonry walls in wet areas, such as bathrooms
and laundries may be lined with Wet Area Board
or Fiberock as per the wet area installation
requirements (refer page 41).
INSTALLATION USING
MASONRY ADHESIVE METHOD
Masonry walls must be dry and free from dust, oil, flaking paint,
efflorescence, release agents, or any other material or treatment that
could adversely affect bonding of masonry adhesive.
Adhesion can also be affected by the porosity and/or previous surface
treatment of a wall. Surfaces that are particularly dry or porous may need
to be dampened. For best results masonry walls should be coated with a
bonding agent before applying masonry adhesive.
NOTE:
It is important that plasterboard sheets for masonry applications are stacked
flat as misaligned boards can hinder bonding process.
Masonry adhesive may be applied to either a wall or to the back of a
sheet. (If gluing plasterboard to Autoclaved Aerated Concrete – AAC –
then masonry adhesive should only be applied to the back of the sheet).
It is important to:
•
Mix only enough masonry adhesive as can be used before
it starts to set.
•
Do not use masonry adhesive once it has started to set.
Additional daubs of masonry adhesive
NOTE:
Linings in tiled areas must be mechanically
fastened to furring channels or timber battens.
Allow 10mm gap
50mm min
from edges
Masonry walls should be checked for flatness and
level using a straight edge or string line before
determining the fixing method.
Masonry wall
Ribbon of
masonry adhesive
450 mm max
Masonry adhesive method should not be used
for walls over 3m high or where the wall surface
requires more than 25mm of packing to bring it
back to a true line.
450mm
max
50mm min
from edges
Plasterboard
lining
All services should be in place prior to plasterboard
installation. Butt joints, control joints, jointing and
finishing should be as per standard practice.
Daubs of masonry
adhesive applied to
either wall or back
of sheet
6–10mm packers
Figure 47: Fixing to a true wall surface
38
OCTOBER 2014
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» MASONRY WALLS
FIXING TO IRREGULAR
WALL SURFACES
•
Strike chalk lines on the floor and ceiling as a guide for
positioning sheets. Allow for board and daub thicknesses.
•
Mark lines on the wall to assist in positioning the
masonry adhesive daubs.
•
Masonry adhesive daubs should be about 50mm
diameter by 15mm thickness.
•
Space adhesive daubs at maximum 450mm centres
vertically and horizontally and 50mm from free edges
and ends of sheets.
•
Ribbons or additional daubs of masonry adhesive must
be applied at sheet ends and at cornice and skirting
lines. Additional daubs of masonry adhesive are also
required at external angles, fixtures and around services
penetrations, doors and windows.
•
Alternatively, a ‘solid wall’ effect can be achieved by
applying cornice or masonry adhesive to the entire back
face of the sheets, using a 15mm x 15mm notched trowel.
•
Keep sheets 6–10mm off the floor.
•
Place plasterboard and press firmly into position
using a long straight edge to level the sheets vertically
and horizontally.
•
Hold the sheets in position with props or temporary
fasteners until masonry adhesive sets.
•
Once initial contact has been made, boards should not
be pulled back from the wall.
•
Once installed, boards should not be disturbed for 48 hours
(ie no drumming or rattling of walls, cutting of light
switches or power points).
•
Avoid skinning of masonry adhesive in windy weather.
•
Avoid early removal of bottom packers.
Wall surfaces with high/low spots over 15mm or out of plumb
by more than 15mm will need to be straightened with a series
of levelling pads or by using furring channels.
100mm
100mm
MASONRY ADHESIVE METHOD
INSTALLATION NOTES
Levelling pad
Masonry adhesive
daub
Figure 48: Levelling pads
NOTE:
All fixtures must be fastened directly into masonry wall.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
39
» MASONRY WALLS
INSTALLATION USING
FURRING CHANNELS
Masonry wall
This installation method is particularly
recommended for fixing to precast
concrete panels.
600mm
max
Metal furring channels can either be direct
fixed or clipped:
DIRECT FIXED CHANNELS
Use one of the following:
•
Rondo 333 recessed
furring channel
fixed directly to wall
− Rondo Recessed Furring Channel 333
− 42 x 19mm (min) timber battens.
•
Pack where required to achieve a true surface
•
Fix to masonry with suitable fasteners.
6-10mm packers
Plasterboard lining
CLIPPED CHANNELS
Use one of the following furring channels and
fixing clips:
•
Figure 50: Fixing to furring channels fastened direct to wall
− Rondo 129 or 308 Furring Channel
− Rondo 237 or 239 Fixing Clips
Masonry wall
− Rondo Betagrip BG01 or BG02 Fixing Clips.
•
Set out fixing clips for vertical channels
spaced at maximum 600mm centres and
for top and bottom horizontal channels
•
Pack clips where required to achieve a
true surface
•
Fix clips to masonry with suitable fasteners.
600mm
max
Fix plasterboard to furring channels using an
appropriate method (adhesive and fasteners
or fasteners only) then joint and finish in the
normal manner.
Rondo 308 or 129 furring channels
attached to wall with appropriate
fixing clips
6-10mm packers
Plasterboard lining
Rondo 237 fixing clip
BETAGRIP BG01
Rondo 239 fixing clip
BETAGRIP BG02
Figure 49: Masonry fixing clips
40
Figure 51: Fixing
g to furring
g channels clipped
p
to wall
Figure 52: Rondo Recessed Face Furring Channel 333
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
WET AREAS
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
WATERPROOFING MEMBRANES
DEFINITION AND STANDARDS
Waterproofing membranes complying with AS 4858 Wet
Area Membranes are deemed to be a waterproof material
when used as part of a waterproofing system as outlined in
AS 3740.
Wet area as defined in BCA is an area within a building
supplied with water from a water supply system and includes
bathrooms, showers, laundries and sanitary compartments.
According to BCA, building elements in wet areas must
be waterproof or water resistant depending on the
location within a wet area and must comply with AS 3740
Waterproofing of domestic wet areas.
AS 3740 sets out minimum material, design and installation
requirements for waterproofing of wet areas within
residential buildings and other buildings with similar usage
intensity. It also outlines typical wet area construction
materials and methods.
Bond breaker must be installed at all wall/floor, hob/wall
junctions and at movement joints where the waterproofing
membrane is bonded to substrate. Bond breaker must be
compatible with the flexibility of waterproofing membrane.
Types of waterproofing membranes and corresponding bond
breaker widths are shown in the following table:
TABLE 25: WATERPROOFING MEMBRANES
MEMBRANE
ELONGATION
CLASS
EXTENSIBILITY
AT BREAK
For the purposes of AS 3740, water-resistant plasterboard
manufactured to AS 2588 Gypsum Plasterboard constitutes
a water resistant substrate for tiles or other nominated water
resistant surface materials.
Waterproofing membranes used in wet areas must comply
with AS 4858 Wet Area Membranes.
MIN BOND BREAKER
WIDTH TO BRIDGE
JOINTS OPENING
UP TO 5mm
I
Low
10-59%
75mm tape with
backing rod
II
Medium
60-299%
35mm
III
High
= > 300%
12mm
CEILINGS OVER WET AREAS
NOTE:
In South Australia the installers should also refer to Minister’s
Specification F1.7 for additional waterproofing requirements
in wet areas.
WATERPROOFING OF WET AREAS
As BCA does not require the use of water resistant ceiling
linings over wet areas, SHEETROCK Brand, Unispan or
Regular plasterboard provide an adequate solution for this
application. Wet Area Board or Fiberock can be used in wet
area ceilings if water resistant linings are desirable.
Minimum waterproofing and water-resistance requirements for
walls in wet areas are outlined in BCA and are summarised in
Table 26 and Figures 53 to 58.
Ceiling linings over wet areas in residential buildings can
be fixed as per the standard internal ceiling installation
specification (refer to page 21).
Where wall to wall junction is required to be waterproof,
waterproofing must extent a min 40mm either side of the
junction.
Fiberock gypsum board must be fixed using screws only
fixing method.
For water resistant plasterboard sheeting all cut edges that have
the potential to be affected by moisture must be waterproofed,
including the bottom edge over a preformed shower base.
NOTE:
USG Boral recommends that ceiling paint in wet areas should
be impervious to moisture.
All penetrations through wall linings in shower areas (including
penetrations of mechanical fasteners) must be waterproofed.
NOTE:
USG Boral Wet Area system requires waterproofing of all
plasterboard joints in wet areas unless a waterproofing
membrane complying with AS 4858 Wet area membranes is
applied by a specialist contractor over the whole face of wet
area walls.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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OCTOBER 2014
41
» WET AREAS
TABLE 26: WATERPROOFING OF WALLS IN WET AREAS
VESSELS OR AREA WHERE
THE FIXTURE IS INSTALLED
Enclosed Showers
(with or without hob or
step down)
Enclosed Showers
(preformed showerbase)
Unenclosed Showers
Areas adjacent to
baths and spas*
WATERPROOFING OF
WALLS
WATERPROOFING OF
JUNCTIONS
Waterproof to 150mm min above
the shower floor substrate or
25mm min above the max retained
water level and the remainder to
be water resistant to a height of
1800mm min from finished floor
level.
Water resistant to a height of
1800mm min from finished
floor level.
Waterproof to 150mm min above
the shower floor substrate or
25mm min above the max retained
water level and the remainder to
be water resistant to a height of
1800mm min from finished floor
level within 1500mm from shower
connection to the wall.
Water resistant to a height of
150mm min above vessel for the
extent of the vessel, where vessel is
within 75mm of a wall, and exposed
surfaces below vessel lip.
Water resistant all exposed surfaces
below vessel lip.
Insert baths*
Waterproof wall to wall junctions
to a height of 1800mm min above
finished floor level, 40mm min
either side of junction.
Waterproof penetrations in
shower area.
Waterproof wall/floor junctions
within shower area.
Waterproof wall to wall junctions
to a height of 1800mm min above
finished floor level, 40mm min
either side of junction.
Waterproof penetrations in
shower area.
Waterproof wall/floor junctions
within shower area.
Waterproof wall to wall junctions
to a height of 1800mm min above
finished floor level, 40mm min
either side of junction.
Waterproof wall/floor junctions
within 1500mm from shower
connection to the wall.
Water resistant junctions within
150mm above a vessel for the
extent of the vessel.
Water resistant wall/floor junctions
for the extent of the vessel.
Waterproof entire shelf area
supporting the bath lip,
incorporating a waterstop under
the bath lip and project a min 5mm
above tile surface.
Waterproof to 150mm min
above lip of bath.
WATERPROOFING OF
WALL PENETRATIONS
Waterproof penetrations in
shower area.
Waterproof tap and spout
penetrations where they occur in
a horizontal surface.
Waterproof tap and spout
penetrations where they occur in
a horizontal surface.
Waterproof junctions within 150mm
above bath or spa.
Water resistant to a height of
150mm min above vessel, for the
extent of the vessel, if the vessel is
within 75mm of the wall.
Where vessel is fixed to a wall
waterproof wall junctions for the
extent of vessel.
Waterproof penetrations where
they occur in surfaces required to
be waterproof or water resistant.
Laundries and WCs
N/A
Waterproof wall/floor junctions.
Waterproof penetrations where
they occur in surfaces required to
be waterproof.
Bathrooms and laundries
requiring a floor waste
N/A
Waterproof wall/floor junctions.
Walls adjoining other vessels
(ie sink, basin or laundry tub)
N/A
* If a shower is included in a bath refer to the requirements for shower area walls and penetrations.
NOTE:
Refer AS 3740 for floor waterproofing and perimeter flashing requirements.
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900m
m min
Shower panel
sealed at all junctions
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
1800mm min
Water resistant
wall lining
Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements above
bath lip
150mm min
Waterproof
min 40mm each side
of junction
Figure 53: Waterproofing of enclosed shower over bath
Fixed shower screen
1800mm min
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
Water resistant
wall lining
Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements at
wall/floor junctions in
shower areas
Figure 54: Waterproofing of enclosed shower
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» WET AREAS
1500m
m min
min
00mm
15
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
Water resistant
wall lining
1800mm min
Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements above
bath lip
150mm min
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements at
wall/floor junctions in
shower area
Figure 55: Waterproofing of unenclosed shower over bath
m
1500m
1500m
m min
min
1800mm min
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
Water resistant
wall lining
Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements at
wall/floor junctions in
shower areas
Figure 56: Waterproofing of unenclosed shower
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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Refer Table 26 for
minimum waterproofing
requirements above
bath lip
150mm
min
150mm min
Waterproof
min 40mm each side of
joint or junction
Figure 57: Waterproofing of bath
Water resistant
wall lining
150mm
min
Figure 58: Waterproofing of basin
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45
» WET AREAS
USG BORAL WET AREA SYSTEM™
USG Boral Wet Area Sealant™
USG Boral Wet Area Sealant is a flexible acrylic sealant
suitable for waterproofing:
USG Boral Wet Area System comprises materials and
installation details outlined in this manual and must be
installed in accordance with USG Boral specification to
achieve the required performance.
USG Boral Wet Area System complies with the requirements
of AS 3740 and is thus suitable for use in residential buildings
and other buildings with a similar usage pattern.
USG Boral Wet Area System is not suitable for use in high
exposure applications such as group shower rooms, steam
rooms, etc.
•
Wall junctions and cutouts
•
Bottom of sheets in shower bases or bath abutments
•
Around plumbing fixtures and penetrations.
USG Boral Wet Area Sealant complies with requirements
of AS 3740 for waterproof materials.
USG Boral Wet Area Sealant is available in 450g cartridges.
USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement™
USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement is used with paper tape
for jointing of USG Boral water resistant boards in tiled areas.
WET AREA MATERIALS
Wet Area Board
USG Boral Wet Area Board is manufactured with a moisture
resistant core that stops water wicking up the board causing
damage to the board itself or to surface finish.
Wet Area Board can be recognised by its blue-grey face liner
and is manufactured with recessed edges for flush jointing
within and outside of tiled areas.
Wet Area Board complies with water resistance requirements
of AS 3740.
Wet Area Board is available in 10mm and 13mm thicknesses.
Fiberock
USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement is available in 3.2kg and
6.4kg pails.
USG Boral Wet Area SealCote™
USG Boral Wet Area SealCote is a water-proof sealer that
is used for waterproofing of wet area joints and junctions.
Two liberal coats of USG Boral Wet Area SealCote (total
dry film thickness about 1.0mm) constitute a waterproofing
membrane complying with the requirements of AS 4858
Wet area membranes.
USG Boral Wet Area SealCote is available in 4L pails.
Corner Support Angle
Fiberock is a water resistant paperless gypsum board
offering additional benefits of mold resistance and high
impact resistance. Fiberock contains 95% recycled materials.
Manufactured with recessed edges for flush jointing, Fiberock
can be used as an alternative wall lining in USG Boral Wet
Area System and can be installed using the same fixing,
jointing and waterproofing materials and details as specified
for Wet Area Board.
Fiberock is available in 10mm, 13mm and 16mm thicknesses.
40mm x 40mm galvanised metal angle Rondo P40 is used
to support internal corners in wet areas. It is available in
2.4m lengths.
PREPARATION OF WET AREAS
Check framing for layout and fixing of additional noggings
to support wet area fittings such as screens and taps and the
continuous support for USG Boral water resistant linings at
the shower base and bath rims.
Provide adequate noggings 25mm (nominal) above bath,
shower bases, tubs and sinks for fixing the edges of USG
Boral water resistant linings.
Ensure that plumbing pipes and noggings do not protrude
beyond the face of the studs.
Recess preformed shower bases and baths into studs so that
USG Boral water resistant linings can sit correctly in front
of the shower base upstand. This will provide a natural
flashing point.
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INSTALLATION IN TILED AREAS
TABLE 27: FASTENER SPACING IN TILED AREAS
•
USG Boral water resistant linings in tiled areas must be fixed
using a full fastener system. Adhesive is not permitted.
MAX FASTENER SPACING
WALL TILES WEIGHT
(INCLUDING TILE ADHESIVE) INTERMEDIATE STUDS SHEET ENDS
•
Space fasteners as per Table 27 and Figure 59.
No greater than 12kg/m2
200mm
150mm
•
Sheets can be fixed horizontally or vertically with the bottom
edge 6–10mm clear of the finished floor level or fixture.
Greater than 12kg/m2
up to 32kg/m2 max
100mm
100mm
•
Lining sheets are best run the full length of the wall to
avoid butt joints.
•
Ensure sheets sit flat against framing.
•
Neatly cut out penetrations and holes using hole saw
and allowing approx 6mm gap for sealant.
•
Fix 40mm x 40mm corner support angles where
required leaving a 6mm gap at the bottom.
•
Use screws as indicated in Tables 11 and 12 on page 20.
•
Screws should be slightly overdriven but should not
break the face paper.
•
Hold plasterboard sheets firm against framing while
driving fasteners.
•
Position screws 10–16mm from sheet edges.
INSTALLATION IN NON-TILED AREAS
Wet Area Board in non-tiled areas may be fixed as per
standard installation specifications (refer to page 32).
Fiberock in non-tiled areas must be fixed using mechanical
fasteners only.
Tiles up to 12kg/m2
Tiles greater than 12kg/m2
up to 32kg/m2 max
150mm ctrs max
at sheet ends
100mm ctrs max
at sheet ends
200mm ctrs max at
intermediate studs
100mm ctrs max at
intermediate studs
Tiles no greater
than 12kg/m2
Tiles greater
than 12kg/m2
up to 32kg/m2 max
Figure 59: Plasterboard Fixing in Tiled Areas
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» WET AREAS
WATERPROOFING OF JOINTS AND JUNCTIONS WITHIN WET AREAS
Joints and junctions within wet areas must be waterproofed prior to installation of tiling or other approved surface materials.
Cut edges of gypsum linings at wall-floor junctions, preformed shower bases and over bath lip must be protected by sealing with
USG Boral Wet Area Sealant.
WATERPROOFING WALL JUNCTIONS
JOINTING IN WET AREAS
Waterproof sheet edges above baths, shower bases, laundry
tubs, etc by sealing with USG Boral Wet Area Sealant for the
full depth of the board (refer Figure 60).
•
USG Boral water resistant gypsum linings in tiled areas
should be jointed using USG Boral Wet Area Taping
Cement and paper tape.
Waterproof floor and wall junctions by sealing with USG
Boral Wet Area Sealant for the full depth of the board (refer
Figure 61).
•
With a broad knife evenly fill joint recesses with
USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement and also apply to
both sides of internal and external corners.
•
Centre reinforcement paper tape over joints, internal
and external corners and firmly bed into the USG Boral
Wet Area Taping Cement, ensuring there are no trapped
air bubbles.
•
When the tape is embedded, immediately apply a skim
coat of USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement with a broad
knife ensuring the tape is completely covered, with no
tape curling at the edges.
•
Cover fastener heads with a skim coat of USG Boral Wet
Area Taping Cement.
•
Following application of USG Boral Wet Area Sealant,
apply a skim coat of USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement
to the cut edges of gypsum linings adjoining the shower
base, bath rim and around penetrations. Feather out
across the surface of the board.
•
After Wet Area Taping Cement has dried (min 24hrs
hours) waterproof all joints, penetrations and fastener
heads with two liberal coats of USG Boral Wet Area
SealCote (total dry film thickness about 1.0mm).
Refer to Table 26 and Figures 53 to 58 for the minimum
requirements of waterproofing at joints and junctions.
Figure 60: Seal Sheet Edges Over Baths,
Shower Bases, Laundry Tubs
NOTES:
Figure 61: Seal Floor and Wall Junctions
48
•
Application of USG Boral Wet Area SealCote is not required
if a waterproofing membrane complying with the requirements
of AS 4858 Wet area membranes is applied by a specialist
contractor over the whole face of wet area walls.
•
USG Boral base compounds can be used instead of Wet Area
Taping Cement if a waterproofing membrane installed by
a specialist contractor and complying with the requirements
of AS 4858 Wet area membranes is applied over the whole
face of wet area walls.
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PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
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1. Apply bedding coat of Wet Area
Taping Cement.
2. Bed in paper jointing tape in the corners.
3. Bed in paper jointing tape at sheet joints.
4. Apply skim coat of Wet Area Taping
Cement at joints and around penetrations.
5. Apply skim coat of Wet Area Taping
Cement to fastener heads.
6. Apply skim coat of Wet Area Taping
Cement at sheet base.
7. Apply two liberal coats of Wet
Area SealCote at all joints, junctions,
penetrations and fastener heads.
8. Completed shower enclosure.
Figure 62: Jointing and Waterproofing of Wet Areas
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» WET AREAS
Timber stud
Corner support angle
Nogging
Paper jointing tape
Wet Area Taping Cement over
jointing tape followed by two coats
of USG Boral Wet Area SealCote
min 40mm each side of corner
prior to tiling
Wet Area SealCote
Flexible sealant relief joint –
6mm nom
Water resistant lining
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
Figure 63: Internal Corner
Water resistant lining
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
For insert baths waterproof 150mm
min above bath lip using skim coat
of Wet Area Taping Cement and
two coats of Wet Area SealCote
Nogging
Flexible sealant relief joint –
6mm nom
6mm
min
Bath edge
6–10mm Wet Area Sealant
Figure 64: Bath and wall junction
Water resistant lining
Waterproof wall junction with
shower base using skim coat of
Wet Area Taping Cement and
two coats of Wet Area Sealcote
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
150mm
min
25mm
min
Flexible sealant relief joint –
6mm nom
6mm min
6-10mm USG Boral Wet Area Sealant
Preformed shower base
Figure 65: Preformed shower base and wall junction
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Water resistant lining
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
150mm
min
Waterproof internal tray or
membrane applied to wall face and
floor by a tray or membrane
installation contractor
Backing rod and bond breaker tape
Flexible sealant relief joint –
6mm nom
6-10mm USG Boral Wet Area Sealant
Floor tiles on mortar bed
Optional flashing
Figure 66: In-situ shower base and wall junction (Class I membrane)
Water resistant lining
25mm min
Waterproof internal tray or
membrane applied to wall face and
floor by a tray or membrane
installation contractor
Backing rod and masking tape
150mm
min
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
Flexible sealant relief joint –
6mm nom
6-10mm USG Boral Wet Area Sealant
Floor tiles on mortar bed
Optional flashing
Figure 67: Set-down shower base and wall junction
Wall lining
150mm
min
Water Resistant lining
150mm min above lip if basin is
within 75mm of the wall
Ceramic tiles on approved
tile adhesive
Vanity basin
Nom 6mm flexible sealant relief joint
South Australia:
3mm flexible sealant relief joint
at back of vanity top
Figure 68: Vanity unit and wall junction
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» WET AREAS
WATERPROOFING OF PENETRATIONS
Use hole saw to make penetrations for taps, shower nozzles and the like. Waterproof cut edges of gypsum linings at penetrations
by sealing with USG Boral Wet Area Sealant for the full depth of the board (refer Figure 69). Alternatively, plumbing penetrations
can be waterproofed with proprietary waterproofing components (refer Figure 70).
Fastener penetrations must be waterproofed with two liberal coats of USG Boral Wet Area SealCote (total dry film thickness
about 1.0mm) over USG Boral Wet Area Taping Cement.
2 coats of SealCote
6-10mm Wet Area Sealant
Water resistant lining
Skim coat of
Wet Area Taping Cement
Figure 69: Plumbing Penetrations – Sealed
Proprietary
waterproofing flange
Water resistant lining
Figure 70: Plumbing Penetrations With Proprietary Waterproofing Components
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DO'S AND DON'TS
USG Boral water resistant lining materials must:
•
be fixed to framing only with mechanical fasteners when
used as a substrate for tiling. Stud adhesives must not
be used in tiled areas
•
be faced with ceramic tiles or other approved water
resistant materials when installed in wet areas
•
only be applied to timber or steel framing or to a base
layer of USG Boral water resistant lining material, never
to other types of lining materials. Multiple layers of USG
Boral water resistant lining materials must be fastened to
framing individually
•
be jointed with paper tape
•
not be installed over a vapour barrier
•
not be used in high exposure areas such as group
shower rooms or steam rooms
•
not be used in unprotected external applications
•
not be used if fractured or damaged.
Figure 71: Finished bathroom
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53
CURVES AND ARCHES
Curves and arches can be constructed using USG Boral Regular or SHEETROCK Brand plasterboard or for tight radii curves,
6.5mm Flexiboard.
CONSTRUCTING CURVED WALLS
AND CEILINGS
Archway templates from min 12mm thick particleboard
or MDF cut to the required profile must be in place before
the installation of plasterboard sheets.
The minimum bending radii for some USG Boral plasterboard
products are as follows:
Installation
•
Fix plasterboard sheets, horizontally, to studs on one
side of the wall as per standard installation instructions.
MINIMUM BENDING RADIUS
FOR PLASTERBOARD FIXED
HORIZONTALLY
•
Screw/nail fix to templates and around the edge of the
arch at maximum 300mm centres or use stud adhesive.
650mm — concave
•
Keep fasteners 10mm min from the edge of the arch.
450mm — convex
•
Do not place butt joints over or within 200mm of the arch.
•
Allowing a 10mm projection beyond the template, accurately
mark the profile of the arch on the back of the sheet.
•
Cut out neatly with a keyhole saw.
•
Fix sheets on the other side of the wall.
•
From the cut side, square the line of cut across to the
uncut sheet, mark the curve and cut out neatly as before.
•
Cut a strip of plasterboard to fit into the arch soffit,
allowing enough length to reach 50mm below the
springing line on both sides of the arch.
•
Apply continuous beads of cornice adhesive to the back
edges of the wall sheets around the arch.
•
If the arch has a tight radius, dampen the soffit strip
to assist bending.
•
Fasten one end of the soffit strip 50mm below the
springing line and bed the strip into the cornice
adhesive, progressively working around the arch.
TABLE 28: BENDING RADII
PLASTERBOARD TYPE
AND THICKNESS
6.5mm Flexiboard
10mm Regular
900mm
13mm Regular
1000mm
Shorter radii can be achieved by moistening the compressed
face of plasterboard. When wetting the board, apply a small
amount of clean water with a paint roller or sponge. Allow
the water to soak for 15 minutes before attempting to bend
the board. To prevent flat areas between the studs, space
framing closer together than normal.
NOTES:
•
Screw fasteners are preferable to nails to minimise possible
impact damage.
•
Avoid butt joints occurring in the curved section of the wall
by using plasterboard sheets of suitable length.
•
Make sure the sheet edge (or end) is correctly aligned to
framing before driving fasteners.
•
Ensure the board is in close contact with framing when
fasteners are driven.
•
Check that the soffit strip is installed neatly and tightly
throughout the arch and fix the free end.
•
To ensure a smooth curve, fasten in the field of board only
where necessary.
•
Cut plasterboard strips for the sides of the archway and
fix using stud adhesive or fasteners.
•
Bend Rondo Arch Bead into position around the arch
with the short leg on the face of the wall. Allow a
minimum of 150mm projection below the springing line
at each end.
•
Fix one end of the arch bead at the springing line, then
fix around the remaining arch at maximum 300mm centres.
•
Fit standard external corner beads (Rondo P32 or P01)
to the straight sides of the archway and fix at maximum
300mm centres.
•
Joint and finish as per standard methods.
•
Fasten only to studs, not to top or bottom plates.
Refer relevant USG Boral publications for detailed
instructions on fixing of Flexiboard plasterboard.
ARCHES
Interior wall arches, framed in timber or steel, can be lined
with Regular or SHEETROCK Brand plasterboard and the
arch angles reinforced with Rondo Arch Bead P10.
Straight corners below the arch line should be finished with
standard corner bead, (Rondo P32 or P01).
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Framing over opening as required
Template as required
50mm min
Springing line
Rondo Arch Bead
P10 fixed
@ 300mm ctrs max
150mm min
Rondo External
Corner Bead P32 or
P01 fixed @ 300mm
ctrs max
Figure 72: Arch construction
Figure 73: Rondo External Corner P01
Figure 74: Rondo External Corner P32
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Figure 75: Rondo Arch Bead P10
55
CORNICES
The installation specifications provided
below are applicable to USG Boral paper
faced cornices.
HANDLING
AND LAYOUT
•
Ensure cornices are stacked neatly
away from traffic areas to protect
profile and prevent damage.
•
Cornice should be carried and
handled 'on edge' to avoid cracking
the core or wrinkling the paper liner.
•
Where possible use full lengths
of cornice and mitre all corner
and butt joints.
•
Ensure accurate and level placement
by marking ceiling and walls with a
line at the cornice edge.
•
Install shorter lengths of cornice first
then fit longer lengths by bowing out
to spring mitres into place.
Position A
Position B
Position C
Position D
Figure 76: Cutting cornices using a mitre box
CUTTING CORNICE
•
Measure, mark and cut cornice with
a mitre cut each end, using a finetooth saw and a mitre box.
•
Cut internal angles from the long
point, and external angles from the
short point.
•
Check each cut piece of cornice for
actual fit.
•
Measure and precut cornice to length
before mixing the cornice adhesive.
A B
C
D
Figure 77: Finished Cornice
Figure 78: Cornice mitre box
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» CORNICES
FIXING CORNICE
•
Fix cornice to plasterboard walls and ceilings using
USG Boral Cornice Adhesive with nails as temporary
support for at least 20 minutes.
•
If cornice is fixed to fibre cement linings, thoroughly
wet the fibre cement at cornice line to prevent
premature Cornice Adhesive dry-out and cracking
at bottom edge.
•
Apply 10mm bead of Cornice Adhesive to top and
bottom cornice edges.
•
All mitres and joints to be buttered with Cornice Adhesive.
•
Fibrous plaster cornice must be thoroughly dampened
along mitres prior to the application of Cornice Adhesive.
•
Large cast cornices and ceiling roses may require
mechanical or other supplementary fixing.
Refer manufacturers recommendations.
•
Painted surfaces require scoring or abrading, or both,
to provide an adequate key prior to the application of
Cornice Adhesive and cornice.
•
Cornice must be mechanically fixed around cupboards
and onto timber beams.
•
In hot and dry conditions, take care to avoid premature
drying of adhesive and subsequent loss of adhesion.
In these conditions, surfaces may need to be
slightly dampened.
•
Refer to Garage and External Ceilings on page 28
for additional installation requirements in these areas.
•
When adhering cornice to masonry wall, apply Cornice
Adhesive to the back of cornice so that it does not
squeeze out under the bottom edge.
Figure 79: Linear Cornice
MIXING CORNICE ADHESIVE
•
Only mix quantities of cornice adhesive that can be used
before setting commences.
•
Use clean potable water and clean containers for mixing.
•
Add cornice adhesive powder to water and mix
to a usable paste.
•
Avoid overmixing as this may accelerate setting.
•
Addition of other materials to cornice adhesive
could impair its performance and is not recommended.
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57
JOINTING
Jointing and finishing of plasterboard should be carried out
according to the required level of finish (refer to Levels of
Finish, page 10).
If no level is specified then Level 4 is the default level of finish
for domestic construction. It requires all joints and internal
angles to be taped and coated as follows:
•
Bed jointing tape into an initial coat of base compound.
•
Apply a second coat of base compound to fill and level joints.
•
Apply a coat of finishing compound.
STORAGE
Compounds should be stored in a dry place above ground
and protected from the elements and temperature extremes.
Storage in an unsuitable environment or once container or
bag is opened can shorten the life of the product.
MIXING COMPOUNDS
For best results:
•
Check the ‘best before’ date on packaging to ensure
compounds are fit for use.
The joint compound should be finished smooth and be free
of tool marks and ridges. Internal angles are to be completed
with a two coat application.
•
Always use clean, cold potable water and clean
containers and tools for mixing. Using dirty containers/
water/tools may affect the setting time and set strength.
Extreme care must be taken in jointing and finishing where
walls or ceilings are subject to critical lighting (refer to
Glancing Light sections on pages 12 and 67 and to USG Boral
publication Guide to Lighting and Decoration of Plasterboard).
•
Slowly add powder to water and allow powder to soak
before mixing.
•
Mix only enough compound for stated working time
when using setting compounds.
JOINTING COMPOUNDS
•
Mix by hand or with a power mixer (max of 400rpm
— mixing at higher speeds may draw air into the mix,
creating air bubbles). Mix until a smooth workable paste
has been achieved. Avoid overmixing as this may accelerate
setting and shorten the working life of the compound.
•
For setting compounds, once setting has commenced,
the material cannot be remixed and should not be
agitated or retempered by the addition of water.
•
The inclusion of other materials in the mix could impair
the performance of the compound and is not recommended.
Jointing compounds broadly fall into two types: setting
compounds and air-drying compounds. The jointing system
may consist of one or both types of compounds
and jointing tape.
SETTING COMPOUNDS
Setting compounds are plaster-based and mainly used for
bedding tape and basecoating. They can be applied with
either hand or mechanical tools and generally provide a
stronger joint than air-drying compounds.
NOTES:
AIR-DRYING COMPOUNDS
Air-drying compounds are vinyl-based premixed compounds
that can be used for base coating and/or top coating.
The use of air-drying type compounds in hot and dry
conditions reduces the risk of premature dry out associated
with plaster based setting compounds.
Air-drying compounds may require 24 hours drying time
between coats, depending on weather conditions.
•
Setting compounds should be used with caution in windy,
dry and hot conditions as compounds may dry out before
setting occurs. Faster setting compounds or air-drying
compounds are recommended for such applications.
•
Subsequent coats of jointing compounds should not be
applied 'wet on wet'.
•
Overthinning of jointing compounds may cause shrinkage
and hollow joints.
Air-drying compounds should not be applied when the
interior temperature is less than 10°C.
Application of plaster based setting compounds over premixed
air-drying compounds is not recommended. Paper tape must
be used when taping with air-drying compounds.
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» JOINTING
USG BORAL JOINTING COMPOUNDS
USG Boral offers a wide range of jointing compounds suitable for a variety of application methods and requirements:
TABLE 29: USG BORAL JOINTING COMPOUNDS
JOINTING
APPLICATION
PRODUCT
NAME
RELATIVE
DENSITY
PACKAGING
TYPE
Lightweight
16kg bag
Setting
EasySand™ 45
30mins
EasySand™ 90
70mins
BaseCote® 60
Semilightweight
20kg bag
Setting
BaseCote® 90
Finishing
Compounds
Level 5
Finish*
60mins
Taping
Compound
Standard
weight
17L / 28kg
pail
Air-Drying
NA
RediBase™
Semilightweight
18kg pail
Air-Drying
NA
Ultralightweight
Ultralightweight
17L / 17kg
pail
Air-Drying
NA
Total Lite™
(Grey Lid)
Lightweight
17L / 22kg
pail
Air-Drying
NA
LiteFinish™
Lightweight
18kg pail
Air-Drying
NA
FinalCote®
Semilightweight
20kg pail
Air-Drying
NA
TopCote550®
Standard
weight
20kg pail
Air-Drying
NA
Lightweight
8.1kg bag
Setting
6mins
EasySand™ 20
All Purpose
Premix
20mins
Air-Drying
NA
Tuff-Hide™
Paint
18.9L / 30kg
Air-Drying
(Primer Surfacer) consistency
pail
NA
Diamond®
Veneer Finish
FINISHING
COAT
HAND
TOOLS
MECHANICAL
TOOLS
SANDING



























90mins
EasySand™ 5
All Purpose
Compounds
1ST COAT 2ND COAT
45mins
BaseCote® 45
Base
Compounds
WORKING
TIME
Lightweight
18kg pail
20kg bag
Setting
60mins



Very Easy
Very Easy
Very Easy
Easy
Easy





Moderate





Moderate
Spray /
Roller
Moderate

* Refer to Levels of Finish on Page 10
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
59
» JOINTING
JOINTING TAPES
STOPPING RECESSED JOINTS
Jointing tapes are used to provide reinforcement to
plasterboard joints and angles.
Recessed joints should be stopped and finished with a
straight or curved trowel to leave a slightly convex camber
over the joint.
USG Boral SHEETROCK Brand paper tape is a high strength
special cross-fibre paper tape possessing exceptional wet
strength and resisting stretching, wrinkling and tearing.
A wafer thin paper aids smooth finishing and the roughened
surface produces a superior bond to jointing compounds.
Centre creased for application to angles.
Paper tape is recommended by USG Boral for jointing
of gypsum wall and ceiling linings due to its high strength
and suitability for all jointing compounds and applications.
FIRST COAT
•
Fill recessed joint with a layer of base compound using
a flexible 150mm broadknife.
•
Centre and press the paper tape into the base compound
using a 150mm broadknife, drawing along the joint with
sufficient pressure to remove excess compound.
•
Ensure all air bubbles have been expelled, taking care
sufficient compound is left under the tape to provide
a strong bond.
•
After embedding tape, apply a skim coat of compound
to fill the recess.
•
Spot fastener heads.
Paper jointing tape must be used in wet area and fire rated
applications and with air-drying type jointing compounds.
USG Boral SHEETROCK Brand jointing tape is available in
75m and 150m x 50mm wide rolls.
NOTE:
SECOND COAT
As the two sides of paper tape are not identical, the outside of
the roll should always be applied to the wet plaster compound
to ensure the best adhesion.
•
Allow sufficient time for the first coat of base compound
to set.
•
Apply a second coat of base compound approx
200mm wide, using a trowel or broadknife.
•
Feather joint edges.
•
Spot fastener heads again, extending beyond the first
coat by approx 25mm.
FINISHING COAT
•
Ensure base coats are set and scrape to remove any
rough spots or lumps.
•
Using a trowel, apply a coat of finishing compound
approx 250mm wide, feathering out approx 50mm
beyond edges of the basecoat.
•
Use a curved trowel on the finishing coat to produce a
slight convex curve. Feather out the edges.
•
Allow a minimum of 24 hours to dry (longer in cold, wet
weather conditions).
•
When dry, lightly sand to a smooth finish with sanding
mesh or 150-220 grit paper, depending on sanding
hardness of finishing compound used.
Figure 80: Paper Jointing Tape
60
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» JOINTING
2. First coat - Bed tape
200mm
nom
150mm
nom
1. First coat - Bedding compound
4. Second coat
250mm
nom
3. First coat - Skim coat
6. Dry sanding
250mm
nom
200mm
nom
150mm
nom
5. Finishing coat
7. Total recessed joint system
Figure 81: Stopping Recessed Joints
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
61
» JOINTING
STOPPING BUTT JOINTS
Butt or end joints should be flush-jointed and finished with a
three coat system as for recessed joints.
For a flatter finish, and to minimise surface build-up of compound,
widen each jointing coat so that the final coat of the finished
joint is about 500mm wide.
300mm
nom
FIRST COAT
400mm
nom
•
Using a trowel, apply a thin layer of base compound
to each side of the joint (approx 300mm total width)
prefilling any recess gaps at the joints.
•
Centre and press the paper tape into the base compound
using a 150mm broadknife, drawing along the joint with
sufficient pressure to remove excess compound.
•
Ensure all air bubbles have been expelled, taking care
sufficient compound is left under the tape to provide
a strong bond.
•
After embedding tape apply a skim coat of compound
over the paper tape.
500mm
nom
Figure 82: Stopping Butt Joints
SECOND COAT
•
Allow sufficient time for the first coat of base compound to
set before applying a second coat.
•
Apply a second coat of compound to each side of the
joint (approx 400mm total width).
•
Feather out joint edges.
•
The second coat should have a gradual convex curve.
FINISHING COAT
•
Ensure base coats are set and remove any rough spots
or lumps.
•
Using a straight bladed trowel, apply a coat of finishing
compound to each side of the joint (approx 500mm
total width). Feather out the edges.
•
The finished coat should have a slight convex curve.
•
Allow a minimum of 24 hours to dry (longer in cold,
wet weather conditions).
•
When thoroughly dry, lightly sand to a smooth
finish with sanding mesh or 150–220 grit sand
paper, depending on sanding hardness of finishing
compound used.
62
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
» JOINTING
STOPPING CORNERS
INTERNAL CORNERS
Internal corners should be jointed with
a two coat system using paper tape.
Gaps in excess of 4mm should be
pre-filled with a base compound.
Installation:
•
Apply compound to both sides
of internal corner using a
75mm broadknife.
•
Measure and cut reinforcing tape,
fold along centreline and bed into
corner, using a 50mm corner
taping tool.
•
Apply a skim coat of compound
over tape.
•
When dry apply a second coat
of compound with the broad knife,
then finish with a 100mm corner
finishing tool, feathering beyond
edges of first coat.
•
Allow a minimum of 24 hours
to dry (longer in cold, wet weather
conditions).
•
When thoroughly dry, lightly sand
to a smooth finish with sanding
mesh or 150–220 grit paper,
depending on the sanding hardness
1. Apply base compound
2. Bed tape
75mm
nom
100mm
nom
of finishing compound used.
3. Apply second coat
4. Internal angle jointing system
Figure 83: Stopping Internal Corners
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
63
» JOINTING
EXTERNAL CORNERS
150mm
nom
External corners should be strengthened
with perforated metal angles then jointed
and finished with a three coat system.
Suitable metal angles include Rondo
Corner Beads P01 or P32:
Installation:
•
•
Cut metal angle to length and
position so that the angle is both
straight and in line with the
wall surfaces.
Fix with nails or staples at maximum
300mm centres along each face
with nails opposite each other.
•
Stop and finish with a three coat
system as per jointing specification.
•
Ensure that the first coat of
compound covers approx 150mm
of angle faces and is forced through
the perforations.
•
The second coat should extend
approx 200mm from the corner.
•
The final coat should extend approx
280mm from the corner with the
edges feathered out.
•
Ensure that the final coat is built
up to the corner.
•
Allow a minimum of 24 hours to dry
(longer in cold, wet weather conditions).
•
When finishing compound is
thoroughly dry, light sand to a
smooth finish with sanding mesh
or 150–220 grit paper, depending
on the sanding hardness of finishing
compound used.
Other beads and angles (Shadowline,
Stopping Angle etc) should be finished
in the same manner.
64
1. Cut angle and fix to sides
of corner @ 300mm ctrs
2. Apply first coat to both corner faces
200mm
nom
280mm
nom
3. Apply second coat to corner faces
4. Apply third coat to corner faces
150mm
nom
200mm
nom
280mm
nom
5. External Angle Jointing system
Figure 84: Stopping external angles
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES
A wide range of plastering tools and accessories is available
through USG Boral outlets, including:
•
Power Tools
•
Fasteners
•
Joint Knives
•
Sanding tools
•
Trowels
•
Mechanical jointing tools
•
Plasterers trestles and scaffolding.
Stainless steel jointing tools are recommended for the best
possible finish and service longevity.
Low cost plastic tools are also available and may be suitable
where low cost or disposable tools are required.
Tools should be cleaned in water before compounds have
fully set and stainless steel tools given a light rub with an
oiled cloth to prevent rusting.
Plasterers trestles or scaffolding should be used to ensure
correct working height.
Figure 85: Plastering Tools and Accessories
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
65
» TOOLS AND ACCESSORIES
MECHANICAL JOINTING TOOLS
The following recommendations apply to mechanical jointing tools in addition to the general Jointing and Finishing specification.
BANJO BOX (Mud Machine)
FLAT BOXES (200mm, 250mm or 300mm)
•
Jointing compounds recommended for use in Banjo Box
include USG Boral SHEETROCK Brand Taping Compound,
RediBase™ and longer setting compounds such as the
SHEETROCK Brand EasySand 90 and BaseCote 90.
•
Centre joint tape along the joint and using a broad knife
press the tape down into the bedding compound.
•
With the broad knife held approximately at 45 degrees
to the board surface draw along the joint with enough
pressure to remove excess compound and any air
bubbles sandwiched beneath the tape (avoid dry spots
under tape).
•
Banjo Box ‘chaser’ (follow up stopper) should
immediately follow to avoid dry-out. Ensure full width
of recess is filled.
•
Leave sufficient compound under the tape to achieve
a good bond.
•
Immediately apply a skim coat of base compound.
This reduces the possibility of the tape edge curling
or wrinkling which could lead to edge cracking
(especially in hot, dry conditions).
•
Automatic boxes distribute the correct amount of joint
compound over flat surfaces. All flat boxes have an
adjustable setting that automatically crowns the joint.
•
When second coating with 200mm box avoid too much
take off; if following through with a broad knife, this will
ensure that joint is flat.
NOTES:
•
Beware of creating hollow joints when following through
with a broad knife.
•
All topping compounds will shrink back if second coat
is hollow.
•
Ensure box setting cam is set correctly to compensate
for any out of plane frame undulations (ie uneven trusses
or centre row wall noggings). Regularly change box blades
and skid plates to avoid uneven joint finish.
Figure 87: Flat Box Application
Figure 86: Banjo Box Application
66
OCTOBER 2014
|
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
DECORATING PLASTERBOARD LININGS
AVOIDING GLANCING LIGHT EFFECTS
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
USG Boral plasterboard linings are an excellent base for:
•
Painting
•
Wallpapering
•
Special finishes.
When preparing and decorating plasterboard surfaces,
ensure that only high quality paints, wallpapers etc are used
and applied in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.
If using semi-gloss or gloss paint, it is recommended that
plasterboard surface is finished to a Level 5 standard as these
paints tend to highlight surface variations.
Take care, when sanding and finishing joints and fastener
heads, to avoid scuffing the plasterboard surface adjacent
to the jointed areas.
When finishing USG Boral plasterboard walls and ceilings,
consider the effects of glancing light. Walls and ceilings that
seem perfectly flat in diffused light may appear rough when
lit by light falling across the wall or ceiling surface.
Avoid glancing light problems through careful planning
of lighting and paint application at the design stage
(refer Glancing Light on page 12).
For more information, refer to the following publications:
•
CSIRO, Illumination and Decoration of Flat Surfaces
•
FWCIANZ, Glancing Light
•
USG Boral, Guide to Lighting and Decoration
of Plasterboard.
SURFACE PREPARATION
Make sure the USG Boral plasterboard linings are dry and
free of dust, oil, or greasy stains before decorating surfaces.
Correct visible surface variations with an approved filler.
PAINTING
When painting plasterboard walls and ceilings, follow the
procedures set down by the Australian Standard AS 2311
The painting of buildings.
It is recommended that a coat of quality sealer undercoat
be applied to the plasterboard surface prior to the
application of subsequent coats of paint.
The chosen proprietary brand sealer undercoat should be
formulated to fulfil the following functions:
•
Equalise variations in porosity over the entire surface.
•
Stop the migration or bleeding of chemicals from the
substrate which could affect the appearance of the
finishing coat.
•
Conceal the difference in texture between the paper
and the joints.
NOTE:
•
Plasterboard linings should be sealed as soon as practical
to minimise the risk of paper discolouration.
•
Solvent borne sealers are recommended for plasterboard
surfaces that may have discoloured due to prolonged
exposure to ultraviolet light.
•
If plasterboard linings are painted using airless spray,
all paint coats should be back rolled while wet.
•
Overthinning paint way cause banding.
PLASTERBOARD INSTALLATION MANUAL
|
OCTOBER 2014
Figure 88: Glancing Light Situation
67
WARRANTY
USG Boral warrants its products for 10 years from the date of supply of the product. Refer USG Boral Warranty document for
warranty conditions.
SUSTAINABILITY
USG Boral aims to minimise the environmental impact of its operations and to make a positive difference to the environment and
communities in which it operates.
Plasterboard is manufactured from abundant natural gypsum resources and 100% recycled paper liner.
Plasterboard waste can be recycled back into new plasterboard or used as a soil conditioner. Please contact USG Boral regarding waste
collection services available in your region.
HEALTH AND SAFETY
For information regarding the safe use of USG Boral products and accessories please refer to instructions on the product packaging or
contact your local USG Boral Sales Office or TecASSIST for a current copy of the Material Safety Data Sheet.
TECHNICAL ENQUIRIES
TecASSIST® 1800 811 222
TecASSIST provides free technical advice to builders, architects, contractors, engineers, regulators and home owners throughout Australia.
TecASSIST can be contacted on weekdays 8.30am — 4.30pm AEST on 1800 811 222 or www.usgboral.com/tecassist
SALES ENQUIRIES
1800 003 377
ACT
7 Barrier Street, Fyshwick 2609
F: (02) 6280 5816
New South Wales
3 Thackeray Street, Camellia 2142
F: (02) 9638 5557
Northern Territory
62 Benison Road, Winnellie 0820
F: (08) 8947 1396
Queensland
22 Kirra Street, Pinkenba 4008
F: (07) 3115 7321
South Australia
39 Burleigh Avenue, Woodville North 5012
F: (08) 7002 6381
Tasmania
93 Albert Road, Moonah 7009
F: (03) 6278 9865
Victoria
251 Salmon Street, Port Melbourne 3207
F: (03) 9214 2192
Western Australia
Bassett Road, Middle Swan 6056
F: (08) 6226 9811
This Technical Information Guide is intended to provide general information and should not be used as a substitute for professional advice. There are many variables that can influence
construction projects which affect whether a particular construction technique is appropriate. Before proceeding with any project we recommend you obtain professional advice to
ascertain the appropriate construction techniques to suit the particular circumstances of your project having regard to the contents of this Installation Manual. We recommend you use
qualified tradespersons to install this system.
The technical information contained in this manual was correct at the time of printing. Building systems, details and product availability are, however, subject to change. To ensure the
information you are using is current, USG Boral recommends you review the latest building information available on the USG Boral website. For further information contact TecASSIST ®
or your nearest USG Boral Sales Offi ce.
© 2014 USG BORAL. All rights reserved. The trademarks USG BORAL, INNOVATION INSPIRED BY YOU, Unispan, Wet Area Board, Soundstop, Echostop, Firestop, Wet Area, Firestop,
Impactstop, Multistop, Flexiboard, Shaftliner, Cove (55mm), Cove (75mm), Cove (90mm), New York (90mm), Sydney Cove (90mm), Manly (75mm), Cairo 2 Step (50mm), Cairo 3 step
(75mm), Cairo 4 Step (100mm), Linear (75mm), QuietLiving, BaseCote, Lightweight Taping, RediBase, LiteFinish, FinalCote, TopCote 550, All Purpose Premix, TecASSIST, PremiumBond,
Wet Area Sealant, Wet Area Taping Cement, Wet Area SealCote are trademarks or registered trademarks of USG Boral Building Products or one or more of its affiliates. SHEETROCK,
FIBEROCK, EasySand, Durabond, Ultralightweight, Total Lite (Grey Lid), Tuff-Hide, Diamond are trademarks or registered trademarks owned by United States Gypsum Company and
used under license.
www.usgboral.com
BCC 11542 Oct14
BLA 15Oct14
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