Ultra II Passive Samplers 590-259 Operating Instructions 40061

Ultra II Passive Samplers 590-259 Operating Instructions 40061
Operating Instructions
863 Valley View Road, Eighty Four, PA 15330 USA
Tel: 724-941-9701 Fax: 724-941-1369 e-mail: [email protected]
Ultra II Passive Samplers
for Thermal Desorption
Introduction
SKC Ultra II Passive (diffusive) Samplers provide reliable sampling and highly
sensitive detection of ppt and low ppb-level volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
through thermal desorption and GC analysis.
Ultra II Samplers are packaged as empty sampler housings that the user fills
with cleaned/purged sorbent provided in glass vials with PTFE-lined caps. This
method of packaging maintains low sorbent background and allows for reuse of
the sorbent with care in handling.
Collar
Clip
Collar Clip
Diffusion Barrier
Vial
Adapter
Cover
Plug
Back View
of Housing
Front View
of Housing
Vial containing
purged sorbent
(sold separately)
Specifications for Ultra II
Dimensions:
1.4 in (3.5 cm) dia. x 2.5 in (6.3 cm) x 0.6 in (1.5 cm)
Sorbents:
Tenax® TA, Chromosorb® 106, Anasorb® GCB1, or Carbopack X
Sorbent is sold separately and supplied in glass vials with PTFE-lined
caps. Select the sorbent appropriate for the target compound.
Analysis:
Thermal desorption using a 0.25-in OD (0.194-in ID) x
3.5-in L thermal desorption tube (Perkin Elmer) and gas chromatography (GC)
Shelf-life:
Sorbent must be used or repurged 30 days from date of manufacture. Store at < 39.2 F (4 C).
Sampling Rates: Go to www.skcinc.com and click on "Sampling Guides." Select
"Passive (Diffusive) Sampling Guide."
www.skcinc.com
Preparation and Sampling
Open resealable pouch and remove sampler.
Write start time and sample ID number on
pouch label.
3A
t
ben
Sor
In a clean, organic solvent-free environment,
remove plug from vial adapter on back of
sampler housing (side without holes). Remove
cap from sorbent vial. Hold housing vial adapter
down over the open end of the vial. Screw open end
of vial into the adapter (see inset 3A). Rotate
assembly until sorbent is draining from vial to
sampler. Tap vial lightly before removing from
adapter. Replace plug on adapter.
Sorbent Vial
Remove cover from face of sampler housing (side
with holes) immediately before sampling. Store
cover for reuse. Clip sampler in the area to be
sampled. Ensure diffusion holes are not covered.
After desired sampling period, unclip sampler
and seal with cover.
Write stop time on pouch label.
2
Vial Adapter
In a clean, organic solvent-free environment, carefully remove plug from vial adapter on back of
sampler housing. Screw open end of sorbent vial
into adapter (see inset 7A). Rotate assembly until
sorbent is draining from sampler to vial. Tap
sampler lightly. Ensure all sorbent is recovered
in the vial. Screw cap onto vial.
7A
Vial Adapter
t
ben
Sor
Sorbent Vial
Mark sample vial as appropriate and insert into
the pouch. Carefully package sample vial and
a blank sorbent vial. Send to a laboratory for
analysis.
Factors for Determining Application and Storage
Prior to purchasing Ultra II Samplers, evaluate specific compounds of
interest and expected levels. A factor that should be considered is the sorbent.
Polymetric sorbents such as Tenax TA can increase in background during storage.
Refrigerated storage can reduce, but not eliminate, off-gassing.
Storage
Before Sampling: Up to 30 days at < 39.2 F (4 C) in a clean, organic solvent-free
environment
After Sampling:
21 days at < 39.2 F (4 C) in a clean, organic solvent-free
environment
Analysis
1. Remove cap from vial, pour sorbent from vial into a 0.25-inch OD (0.194-inch
ID) x 3.5-inch L thermal desorption tube, and thermally desorb the sample.
The Transfer Funnel accessory can facilitate the pouring process (see Ordering).
2. Analyze samples using a gas chromatograph (GC) with the detector specified
in the method for the target compound.
The thermal desorption process automatically purges the sorbent so that it is
ready for reuse. If desired, employ additional in-house purging procedures.
Validation‡
Ultra I Passive Samplers were evaluated by the U.S. Military1, 2, OSHA Technical Center (Salt Lake)3, Swedish researchers4, and SKC R&D Laboratories5, 6.
Samplers with specific sorbents were found to be suitable for 8-hour workshift
sampling, 24-hour indoor air studies targeting medium-to-high boiling point
compounds, and for 24-hour or 7-day sampling of benzene and 1,3-butadiene†.
3
Ultra Passive Samplers use the same sorbents and analysis as specified in the active
method EPA TO-17. Ultra samplers provide comparable low limits of detection
in the low ppb to ppt concentration range for some chemicals while offering the
benefits of economy and convenience.7
† Uptake rates for 1,3-butadiene were found to decline over a one-week period.
‡ Ultra I Samplers were used in these studies. However, Ultra II Samplers utilize the same housing and sorbents.
The difference is sorbent storage. Ultra II sorbent is stored in glass vials, instead of the housing, before and after
sampling to ensure low sorbent background.
References
1. Hendricks, W.D., et. al., Feasibility of Diffusive Sampling to Monitor U.S. Military Personnel for Exposure to
Toxic Chemical Substances, OSHA, SLTC, Salt Lake City, UT, 2002
2. Hendricks, W., The Marines Project: A Laboratory Study of Diffusive Sampling/Thermal Desorption/Mass
Spectrometry Techniques for Monitoring Personal Exposure to Toxic Industrial Chemicals, Industrial Hygiene
Division, OSHA, SLTC, Salt Lake City, UT, Apr. 2002
3. Hendricks, W., Performance of SKC Ultra Passive Samplers Containing Carboxen 1016, Carbotrap Z, or Chromosorb 106 When Challenged With a Mixture Containing Twenty of OSHA SLTC’s Top Solvent Analytes, Methods
Development Team, Industrial Hygiene Chemistry Division, OSHA, SLTC, Salt Lake City, UT, Feb. 2003, www.
osha.gov (search on “Ultra”)
4. Strandberg, B., et. al., “Evaluation of Two Types of Diffusive Samplers and Adsorbents for Measuring
1,3-butadiene and Benzene in Air,” Atm. Environ., Vol. 39, July 2005, pp. 4104-4110
5. Coyne, L., et. al., Using Diffusive Samplers for Monitoring for Ppb Levels of Volatile Organic Compounds in
Indoor Air, presented at AirMon 02, Lillehammer, Norway, Feb. 2002
6. Coyne, L., et. al., Using Diffusive Samplers for Monitoring for Ppb Levels of Volatile Organic Compounds in Air,
presented at AIHce 2002, San Diego, CA, June 2002
7. SKC Update to EPA Method TO-17 available at www.skcinc.com
Ordering
Description
Catalog No.
Sorbent in Vial with PTFE-lined Cap
Select the sorbent appropriate for the target compound.
Catalog No.
Ultra II Sampler, empty housing only, packaged in reusable pouch,
requires sorbent in vial listed below
Tenax TA Sorbent, 265 mg
Chromosorb 106 Sorbent, 285 mg
Anasorb GCB1 Sorbent#, 370 mg
Carbopack X Sorbent, 500 mg
590-259
590-260*
590-261* ∞
590-262*
590-265*
* Use within 30 days or repurge to ensure low background; storage at < 39.2 F (4 C) recommended.
# Comparable to Carbopack B
∞See Reference 3 for additional information on Chromosorb 106 sampling rates.
Analysis Accessories
Transfer Funnel, aluminum, facilitates transfer of sorbent
from vial to 0.25-inch OD thermal desorption tubes
Thermal Desorption Tube, Perkin Elmer, includes screens
and end caps
Catalog No.
590-264
P226530
SKC Limited Warranty and Return Policy
SKC products are subject to the SKC Limited Warranty and Return Policy, which
provides SKC’s sole liability and the buyer’s exclusive remedy. To view the complete SKC Limited Warranty and Return Policy, go to http://www.skcinc.com/
warranty.asp.
Form # 40061 Rev 1005
4
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement