iConnect625W User Guide 4-Port ADSL, ADSL 2/2+

iConnect625W User Guide 4-Port ADSL, ADSL 2/2+
iConnect625W User Guide
4-Port ADSL, ADSL 2/2+ Wireless Router
February 2007
Copyright
Copyright© 2006 OPEN Networks Pty Ltd. All rights reserved. The content of this manual is subject to change without notice. The
information and messages contained herein are proprietary to OPEN Networks Pty Ltd. No part of this manual may be translated,
transcribed, reproduced, in any form, or by any means without prior written permission by OPEN Networks Pty Ltd.
Disclaimer
For content and procedures available in this document, OPEN Networks Pty Ltd does not warrant or assume any legal liability or
responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed.
Revision: v1.2
Date Released: February, 2007
iConnect 625W ADSL Router User Guide
Table of Contents
1. Introduction..............................................................................................................5
1.1 Features............................................................................................................6
2. iConnect625W Overview .........................................................................................7
2.1 Important Safety Instructions ............................................................................7
2.2 System Requirements.......................................................................................8
2.3 Package Contents ............................................................................................8
2.4 Appearance ......................................................................................................9
2.4.1
2.4.2
The Front LEDs................................................................................................................ 9
The Rear Ports............................................................................................................... 10
3. Setting Up Your iConnect625W Router................................................................11
3.1 Default Settings ..............................................................................................12
3.2 Factory Default Settings..................................................................................13
3.3 Logging Into Your iConnect625W ...................................................................14
4. PC Network Connection ........................................................................................15
4.1 Configuring Network Computers Using Windows XP .....................................15
4.2 Configuring Computers in Windows 2000.......................................................17
4.3 Configuring Computers In Windows 98/ME ....................................................19
4.4 Configuring Computers In Windows Vista.......................................................21
5. Understanding The Web Interface........................................................................24
5.1 Web Interface Components ............................................................................24
5.1.1
5.1.2
Buttons ........................................................................................................................... 24
Menus ............................................................................................................................ 24
6. Home.......................................................................................................................25
7. Setup.......................................................................................................................26
7.1 LAN Setup ......................................................................................................27
7.1.1
7.2
LAN Configuration.......................................................................................................... 27
Setting Up a WAN Connection........................................................................32
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.2.5
7.2.6
7.2.7
7.2.8
7.2.9
PPPoE Connection Setup.............................................................................................. 33
PPPoA Connection Setup.............................................................................................. 43
Static Connection Setup ................................................................................................ 48
DHCP Connection Setup ............................................................................................... 51
Bridged Connection Setup ............................................................................................. 54
CLIP Connection Setup ................................................................................................. 57
Modify an Existing Connection....................................................................................... 60
Delete an Existing Connection....................................................................................... 61
Modem Setup................................................................................................................. 62
8. Advanced................................................................................................................64
8.1 UPnP ..............................................................................................................66
8.2 SNTP ..............................................................................................................68
8.3 SNMP .............................................................................................................71
8.4 Port Forwarding ..............................................................................................74
8.4.1
8.4.2
Allow Incoming Ping....................................................................................................... 79
DMZ ............................................................................................................................... 79
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iConnect 625W ADSL Router User Guide
8.4.3
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
Custom Port Forwarding ................................................................................................ 82
IP Filters..........................................................................................................84
LAN Clients.....................................................................................................88
LAN Isolation ..................................................................................................91
Remote Web Access ......................................................................................92
Bridge Filters...................................................................................................94
8.9.1
8.9.2
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14
8.15
Editing Bridge Filters...................................................................................................... 97
Deleting Filter Rules....................................................................................................... 98
Dynamic DNS Client ....................................................................................99
IGMP Proxy ...............................................................................................101
Static Routing ............................................................................................104
Dynamic Routing .......................................................................................106
Policy Database.........................................................................................109
Ingress .......................................................................................................112
8.15.1
8.15.2
8.15.3
8.15.4
8.16
Egress........................................................................................................121
8.16.1
8.16.2
8.16.3
8.17
Untrusted Mode............................................................................................................ 113
Ingress Layer 2 ............................................................................................................ 114
Ingress Layer 3 ............................................................................................................ 117
Static Configuration...................................................................................................... 119
No Egress .................................................................................................................... 121
Egress Layer 3 ............................................................................................................. 122
Resetting Egress Mode................................................................................................ 123
Shaper .......................................................................................................124
8.17.1
8.17.2
8.17.3
HTB Queue Discipline.................................................................................................. 124
Low Latency Queue Discipline..................................................................................... 126
PRIOWRR.................................................................................................................... 128
8.18 SSH Access Control ..................................................................................130
9. Wireless ................................................................................................................131
9.1 Setup ............................................................................................................132
9.2 Configuration ................................................................................................135
9.3 Multiple SSID ................................................................................................137
9.4 Security.........................................................................................................138
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.4.4
No security ................................................................................................................... 138
WEP ............................................................................................................................. 139
802.1x .......................................................................................................................... 142
WPA ............................................................................................................................. 144
9.5 Management.................................................................................................146
9.6 WDS .............................................................................................................148
10. Tools .....................................................................................................................150
10.1 System Commands ...................................................................................151
10.2 Remote Log ...............................................................................................152
10.3 User Management .....................................................................................155
10.4 Update Gateway ........................................................................................156
10.5 Ping Test....................................................................................................158
10.6 Modem Test...............................................................................................159
11. Status....................................................................................................................162
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11.1
Network Statistics ......................................................................................163
11.1.1
11.1.2
11.1.3
Ethernet Statistics ........................................................................................................ 163
DSL Statistics............................................................................................................... 164
Wireless Statistics........................................................................................................ 165
11.2 Connection Status .....................................................................................166
11.3 DDNS Update Status .................................................................................167
11.4 DHCP Clients.............................................................................................169
11.5 QoS-TCA NTCA Status .............................................................................170
11.6 Modem Status............................................................................................171
11.6 Product Information ...................................................................................172
11.7 System Log................................................................................................173
11.9 WDS Report...............................................................................................174
12. Help.......................................................................................................................175
13. Save / Restart Menu.............................................................................................176
14. Log Out .................................................................................................................178
15. Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................179
15.1 Problems starting up the router..................................................................179
15.2 Problems with the WAN Interface ..............................................................179
15.3 Problems with the LAN Interface ...............................................................179
16. Glossary Table .....................................................................................................180
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1.
Introduction
Congratulations on the purchase of your iConnect625W. Fully-featured, it is the perfect
high-speed ADSL/ADSL2+ router, specifically designed to connect your PC or LAN to the
Internet and connects to your local area network (LAN) via a high speed 10/100 Mbps
Ethernet port.
The iConnect625W’s extensive routing and bridging functions render it a flexible and
scaleable platform for multiple users to access the Internet. Features include port
forwarding and VPN pass-through, along with the ability to enable public or private
Intranet solutions through a single IP address, using its RIP v 1 / 2 routing engine or NAPT
features.
The highest levels of security are implemented in the iConnect625W, including Stateful
Packet Inspection firewall support for a full suite of security options against malicious
intruders.
The iConnect625W is fully compatible with all computers that support an Ethernet
interface and are running a TCP/IP protocol stack. So, plug in the iConnect625W (refer to
the Quick Start Guide), configure it, as per your Internet Service Provider's (ISP)
instructions and enjoy fast Internet access as never before!
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iConnect 625W ADSL Router User Guide
1.1
Features
Network Support
Address
Translation &
Security
Gateway Services
Element
Management
WLAN Support
iConnect625W Features
WAN Protocols (PPPoE, DHCP, Static, PPPoA, CLIP,
Bridged)
Port Mapping / Forwarding
PPP on-demand enhancement
Secure HTTP Server (HTTPS)
IGMP over multiple PVC for video
Enhanced QoS architecture (Ingress, Egress, Shaper) and
Policy Routing
DMZ Support
NAT / NAPT for basic Firewall support
UPnP Internet Gateway Device (IGD)
Application Level Gateways (ALGs)
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) support
Protection Against Denial of Service
Packet Filtering Firewall support
Password Authentication to modem
DHCP Client / Server / Relay
Dynamic DNS Support
IGMP Proxy
Customer-extendible Configuration Manager
Web service and Reference Web Pages
SNMP Agent and Standard MIB Support
Remote Management
Telnet, secure shell, TFTP, FTP
Diagnostics and Test Capabilities
IEEE 802.11, 802.11b and 802.11g compliant
Complies to Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance (WECA),
Wireless Fidelity (WI-FI tm) standards
Support 802.11b and 802.11g simultaneously
Security (WEP, 802.1x, WPA, WPA2)
WDS
Multiple SSID
Operating Range of more than 300 metres (open air)
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2.
iConnect625W Overview
2.1
Important Safety Instructions
WARNING!
BEFORE USING YOUR DEVICE, BASIC SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS SHOULD ALWAYS BE FOLLOWED
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK AND INJURY TO PERSON, INCLUDING THE
FOLLOWING:
1. Read and understand all instructions.
2. Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3. When cleaning this product, do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth
for cleaning.
4. Do not use this router in high humidity or high temperatures.
5. Do not open or repair the device yourself. If this router is too hot, turn off the power
immediately and have it repaired at a qualified service centre.
6. Avoid using this product and all accessories outdoors.
7. Place this router on a stable surface.
8. Only use the power adaptor that comes with the package. Using a different voltage-rating
adaptor may damage this router.
9. Slots and openings on the sides and top of the device are provided for ventilation. To protect it
from overheating, these openings must not be blocked or covered. The opening should never
be blocked by placing the product on the bed, sofa, rug or other similar surface. This product
should never be placed near or over a radiator or heat register. This product should not be
placed in a built-in installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
10. Do not allow anything sharp to rest on the cables. Do not locate this product where the cord
could be damaged by persons walking on it.
11. Do not overload wall outlet extension cords, as this can result in the risk of fire or electric
shock.
12. To reduce the risk of electric shock, do not disassemble this product. Instead, when some
repair work is required, take the unit to the place of purchase. Opening or removing covers on
the router will void the warranty that comes with the product.
13. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to the place of purchase under the
following conditions:
a. When the power supply cord or plug is damaged or frayed;
b. If liquid has been spilled onto the product;
c. If the product has been exposed to rain or water;
d. If the product does not operate normally by following the operating instructions. Adjust
only those controls that are covered by the operating instructions because improper
adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will often require extensive
work by a qualified technician to restore the product to normal operation;
e. If the product has been dropped or damaged;
f. If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
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2.2
System Requirements
2.2.1
Hardware
Pentium® MMX 233MHz or greater computer;
CD-ROM drive;
Network adapter - Ethernet with TCP/IP Protocol (required only if you
are connecting to the Ethernet port of your router);
2.2.2
Software
OS-Independent Ethernet connections.
2.3
Package Contents
The iConnect625W router contains the following items:
Wireless 625W router;
CD-ROM containing the online manual;
RJ-11 ADSL/telephone Cable;
Ethernet (CAT-5 LAN) Cable;
AC-DC power adaptor (9VDC, 1A);
Quick Start Guide;
Line Splitter / Filter.
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2.4
Appearance
1.4.1
The Front LEDs
The LED status can help you diagnose problems with the gateway. The LED status
definitions are described in the table below.
2
3
1
LED
1
POWER
LED Status
Power is supplied to the iConnect625W
router.
Steadily Lit Up
No power is supplied to the iConnect625W.
The iConnect625W Ethernet cable is
properly connected to the Ethernet port.
Steadily Lit Up
ETHERNET
Flickering
The Ethernet is transmitting / receiving data.
• No power is supplied to the
iConnect625W router;
• No Ethernet connection;
• Wrong type of Ethernet cable used.
E1 - E4
Off
3
4
5
5
LED Description
Off
2
4
Steadily Lit Up
The wireless access point is enabled.
Off
The wireless access point is disabled.
WIRELESS
DSL
The iConnect625W is trying to establish
connection with the ADSL Service Provider
or the iConnect625W router is transmitting /
receiving data.
Flickering
Steadily Lit Up
ADSL connection is established.
Steadily Lit Up
The Internet connection is established.
INTERNET
Off
The Internet connection is not established.
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2.4.2
The Rear Ports
The rear panel holds ports that help to power up and connect the iConnect625W router to
the network.
3
5
6
2
4
LED
1
Meaning
Power ON / OFF switch.
1
POWER SWITCH
2
POWER
Connect the supplied power adaptor to this jack. Make sure to observe the
proper power requirements.
3
RESET
After the device is powered on, press it to reset the device or restore to
factory default settings.
Ethernet
4
1—4
5
DSL
6
ANTENNA
Connect the Ethernet cable to one of the four LAN ports when connecting to
a computer or an office/home network of 10Mbps or 100Mbps.
Connect the supplied telephone cable to this port when connecting to the
ADSL/telephone network.
This is the antenna.
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3.
Setting Up Your iConnect625W Router
The iConnect625W router can be configured with your Web Browser. A Web Browser is
included as a standard application in the following operating systems: Linux, Mac OS,
Windows 98 ME/2000/XP/Vista. The product provides a very easy and user-friendly
interface for configuration.
Computers must have an Ethernet interface installed properly and be connected to the
router either directly or through an external repeater hub. It must also have TCP/IP
installed and configured to obtain an IP address through a DHCP server or a fixed IP
address that must be in the same subnet as the router.
The default IP address of the router is 192.168.1.254 and the subnet mask is
255.255.255.0 (i.e. any attached computer must be in the same subnet, and have an IP
address in the range of 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.253). The best and easiest way to
configure the computer is to get an IP address automatically from the router using DHCP.
If you encounter any problems accessing the router’s web interface it may also be
advisable to disable any kind of software firewall on your computers, as they can cause
problems accessing the 192.168.1.254 IP address of the router. Users should make their
own decisions on how to best protect their network.
Please follow the steps provided in the following section to install and configure your
computer network environment. Before you begin, it is advisable to check your computer’s
network components to ensure that the TCP/IP protocol stack and Ethernet network
adapter are installed. If they are not installed, please refer to your Windows or other
operating system manuals to install them.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
3.1
Default Settings
This section will guide you through your iConnect625W router configuration via the web
interface. The iConnect625W router is shipped with a standard PPP configuration.
The following table lists the default settings for your iConnect625W router. These settings
may change depending on your ISP. Please check with your ISP for more information.
Setting
Default Value
Login Username
root
Login Password
øP3N (the first character is a zero: zero-P-3-N)
Username
<blank> Enter your username as
supplied by your ISP.
Password
<blank> Enter your password as
supplied by your ISP.
Protocol
PPPoE
The PPPoE function is enabled to
automatically get the WAN port from
the ISP but you have to set the
username and password first for this
to happen.
VPI
8
VCI
35
WAN
DHCP Server function is set to Enabled.
DHCP Configuration
Management IP
(LAN)
Start IP
192.168.1.100
End IP
192.168.1.200
Lease Time
604800 seconds (or 7 days)
IP address
192.168.1.254
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
IP addresses
for distribution
to PCs
101 IP addresses continuing from
192.168.1.100 through 192.168.1.200.
If you ever forget your login password, you may press the RESET button for
up to 10 seconds to restore the factory default settings.
Ensure that your computer is configured for DHCP mode and that proxies
are disabled on your browser.
You must also ensure that Java Script support is enabled in the browser
settings so that the browser does not display a login redirection screen.
TIP
If any screen other than the Login screen appears, you may need to delete
your temporary Internet files, i.e. basically flush cached web page(s).
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
3.2
Factory Default Settings
You can restore your Factory Defaults by resetting the iConnect625W to the default
configuration.
Follow the steps below to restore the Factory Default Settings.
Step 1:
Ensure that the iConnect625W router has been powered on for a minimum of
10 seconds.
Step 2:
Using a blunt implement such as a pencil or paperclip, press the Reset button
for 10 seconds.
During this time, the reset is in progress. DO NOT power the iConnect625W off
whilst it resets.
Step 3:
After 10 seconds, you may release it. The iConnect625W will be reset to its
factory defaults once the indicator lights have returned to green (non-blinking).
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3.3
Logging Into Your iConnect625W
Use the following procedure to log into your iConnect625W router.
Step 1:
Open a web browser, and enter the following address in the Address bar:
http://192.168.1.254, then click Go. The following appears:
Step 2:
Enter the username and password of root and øP3N (zero-P-3-N) in the User
name and Password fields. These fields are case sensitive .
Step 3:
Click the Log In button.
Congratulations! You have now successfully logged into the iConnect625W router!
If you have problems logging into the router, please refer to Section 4 to configure
your network connection.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
4.
PC Network Connection
This section demonstrates the steps required to configure your network connections for
the DHCP server to obtain an IP address automatically and to activate DNS Configuration,
depending on your PC's Operating System (OS).
4.1
Configuring Network Computers Using Windows XP
Step 1:
Click Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). From the Control Panel window,
double-click Network Connections. The following appears:
Step 2:
Double-click the Local Area Network connection name required.
Step 3:
Click Properties. The following appears:
Step 4:
Ensure the General tab is active, and highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP),
then click Properties. The following appears:
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 5:
Highlight the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons, then click OK to complete the
configuration.
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4.2
Configuring Computers in Windows 2000
Step 1:
Click Start / Settings / Control Panel. From the Control Panel window,
double-click Network and Dial-up Connections. The following appears:
Step 2:
Double-click the Local Area Connection name as required. The following
appears:
Step 3:
From the Local Area Connection Status window, click Properties. The
following appears:
Step 4:
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties. The following
appears:
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 5:
Highlight the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons and click the OK button to complete the
configuration.
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4.3
Configuring Computers In Windows 98/ME
Step 1:
Click Start / Settings / Control Panel. From the Control Panel window,
double-click Network and highlight the Configuration tab to make it active.
The following appears:
Step 2:
Highlight TCP / IP -> NE2000 Compatible, or the name of any Network
Interface Card (NIC) in your PC, and click the Properties button. The following
appears:
Step3:
Highlight the IP Address tab to make it active, then highlight the Obtain an IP
address automatically radio button.
Step 4:
Highlight the DNS Configuration tab to make it active. The following appears:
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 5:
Highlight the Disable DNS radio button, then click the OK button to complete
the configuration.
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4.4
Configuring Computers In Windows Vista
Step 1:
Click Windows logo / Control Panel / Network and Sharing Center as
shown:
Step 2:
The following page appears. Click the Manage network connections link.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 3:
The Network Connections page appears. Double click on the active Local
Area Connection icon.
Step 4:
The Local Area Connection Status page appears. Click the Properties
button.
Step 5:
Under the Local Area Connection Properties page, highlight TCP/IPv4 and
click the Properties button.
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Step 6:
Highlight the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server
address automatically radio buttons and click the OK button to complete the
configuration.
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5.
Understanding The Web Interface
5.1
Web Interface Components
The buttons, commands and menus make up the browser-based user interface. Please
read the following carefully before you commence configuration of the iConnect625W
router.
5.1.1
Buttons
Please take note of the definitions for the buttons as follows:
Apply
o Click to implement configuration changes. Clicking the Apply button does
not save the changes when the router is restarted.
Cancel
o Click the Cancel button to revert to the last saved configuration.
5.1.2
Menus
At the configuration homepage, the navigation tabs at the top of the screen directs you to
the desired configuration page.
There are seven menu items/tabs on the web interface. These include:
Home
Setup
Advanced
Wireless
Tools
Status
Help
The functions for each menu tab are described in detail in the following sections.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
6.
Home
The Home page allows access to all the menu tabs for iConnect625W configuration. Its
basic layout consists of a page selection list of option tabs across the top of the browser
window.
The centre part of the screen provides descriptions of the option tabs supported on the
web interface pages.
The lower centre part of the page displays the iConnect625W status, connection
information, firmware version and other useful information.
Step 1:
To access the Home page, click the Home tab at the top of the screen. The
following appears:
The following table provides a brief description of each of the tabs and their functions.
Tab
Function
Setup
Configuration of new and existing LAN and WAN settings.
Advanced
Configuration of advanced options within the iConnect625W such as
SNTP, routing and filtering.
Wireless
Configuration of wireless features.
Tools
Access tools and diagnostics to assist in debugging.
Status
Status views of the modem network to all connections and interfaces.
Help
View the extensive online Help topics.
Buttons
Function
Log Out
Click on this button to log out of the router.
Refresh
Clicking on this button refreshes the details on the screen.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
7.
Setup
The Setup page consists of two subsections: LAN Setup and WAN Setup. Using the
appropriate links provided on the left menu, you can configure these settings as required.
The LAN Setup consists of LAN configuration. This is where local hosts are connected.
The iConnect625W router is configured to automatically provide all the hosts on the LAN
network with IP addresses.
The WAN Setup consists of the setup of various connection types: PPPoA, PPPoE,
Static, DHCP, Bridged connection, CLIP connection and modem setups. The WAN
interface is also referred to as a broadband connection. It is different for every WAN
service provider used.
Step 1:
To access the setup page, click the Setup tab on the top navigation panel. The
following page appears:
Refer to the following sections on how to configure LAN and WAN Setups.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
7.1
LAN Setup
By default, your iConnect625W has the DHCP server (LAN side) enabled. If you already
have a DHCP server running on your network, you must disable one of them. If you
connect a second DHCP server into the network, you will experience network errors and
the network will not function normally.
7.1.1
LAN Configuration
The LAN Group Configuration allows you to configure settings for each defined LAN
group. You can view the status of advanced services that can be applied to this LAN
group. A green status indicates that the services have been enabled, while a red status
indicates that the service is currently disabled.
The iConnect625W provides LAN Configuration for multiple LAN groups. Up to five LAN
Groups are supported:
LAN Group 1
LAN Group 2
LAN Group 3
LAN Group 4
LAN Group 5
The LAN interfaces include the following:
Ethernet1;
WLAN (Primary SSID);
SSID1;
SSID2;
SSID3
It is possible to assign any LAN interface to any bridge group but the Ethernet interface
needs to be in LAN Group 1.
The following interfaces are not valid until multiple SSID is enabled and the
secondary SSIDs are configured:
SSID1 (corresponds to the first secondary SSID)
SSID2 (corresponds to the second secondary SSID)
SSID3 (corresponds to the third secondary SSID)
To setup LAN Configuration, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the top menu, click the Setup tab.
Step 2:
Click the LAN Configuration link on the left menu. The following appears:
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 2:
The Ethernet interface is defaulted to LAN Group 1 and should always remain
in this group. Click the Configure link within the LAN Group 1 box. The LAN
Group 1 Configuration page appears:
Step 3:
The Use the following Static IP address radio button is highlighted by default.
The default IP Address field is set to: 192.168.1.254. Change this
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
field to a different IP Address, if required.
Step 4:
The default Netmask field is set to: 255.255.255.0.
Step 5:
The Enable DHCP Server radio button is highlighted by default. Enter a
different Start IP in the field if the default value: 192.168.1.100 does not apply.
This address is the beginning of the range from which the DHCP Server starts
issuing IP addresses.
Step 6:
Enter the End IP field if the default value: 192.1.168.200 does not apply. This
address is the end of the range from which the DHCP Server issues IP
addresses.
Step 7:
The Lease Time field is defaulted to 604800 seconds (or 7 days).
Step 8:
Click the Apply button.
Step 9:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
The following table lists the LAN Group Configuration fields and their definitions.
Field
Definition
Unmanaged
Unmanaged is a state when the LAN group is not configured
and no IP address has been assigned to the bridge.
Obtain an IP
Address
Automatically
Highlight the radio button to select this option if the
iConnect625W router is acting as a DHCP client. When this
option is enabled, your iConnect625W router will request an
IP address from the DHCP server on the LAN side.
IP Address
You can retrieve or renew an IP address
from the DHCP server using the Release
and Renew buttons.
Netmask
This is the subnet mask of your
iConnect625W router.
PPP IP Address
Check this checkbox if PPP is providing addressing. The IP
address should be different from, but in the same netmask as
the WAN-side IP address.
Use the
Following Static
IP Address
This is the default setting. It enables you to change the IP
address of the iConnect625W router.
Enable DHCP
Server
IP Address
Enter a static IP address. The default IP
address for the iConnect625W router is
192.168.1.254.
Netmask
Enter the static subnet mask. The default
Netmask for the iConnect625W router is
255.255.255.0. This subnet allows the
router to support 254 users. If you want
to support a larger number of users, you
can change the subnet mask.
Default Gateway
The default gateway is the routing device
used to forward all traffic that is
addressed to a station within the local
subnet. Enter the default gateway as
specified by your ISP. Otherwise leave
this field blank and it will be automatically
populated when an ISP connection is
made.
Host Name
The host name is used in conjunction
with the domain name to uniquely identify
your iConnect625W router. The
hostname can be any alphanumeric
character that does not contain spaces.
Domain
The domain name is used in conjunction
with the host name to uniquely identify
the iConnect625W.
Highlighting this option turns on the DHCP server. This needs
to be disabled if a DHCP server is already running on the
LAN. The DHCP server (LAN side) is defaulted to Enabled.
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Field
Definition
Assign ISPDNS,
SNTP
Enables/disables the Assign ISPDNS,
SNTP feature. The default is set to
disabled.
Start IP
This address is the beginning of the range
from which the DHCP server starts issuing
IP addresses. You need to ensure the
iConnect625W Management IP Address
and any statistically defined addresses
are not within the DHCP start and end
address ranges. The default Start IP
address is 192.168.1.100.
End IP
This is where the DHCP server stops
issuing IP addresses. The ending address
cannot exceed a subnet limit of 253. This
means that the maximum value for the
default gateway is 192.168.1.254. If the
DHCP server runs out of DHCP
addresses, users do not get access to
network resources. If this happens, you
can increase the End IP addresses (to the
limit of 254) or reduce the lease time.
Lease Time
The Lease Time is the amount of time that
a network user is allowed to maintain a
network connection to the router using the
dynamic IP address. The client will
automatically renew the address after this
time has elapsed or a new IP address is
issued. If the LAN computer does not
renew the address after the lease period,
the lease information will be removed from
the DHCP database. This database can
be viewed under Tools>DHCP Clients.
The lease time is in units of seconds.
The default value is set to 604800
seconds (or 7 days).
Enable DHCP
Relay
Highlighting this option configures the iConnect625W to
forward the DHCP request to a remote DHCP server. Enter
the remote DHCP server address in the Relay IP field.
Relay IP
Server and Relay
Off
The IP address of the DHCP relay server.
This will disable the iConnect625W's DHCP server and relay
functionality.
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7.2
Setting Up a WAN Connection
A new WAN connection is a virtual connection over the physical DSL connection. Your
iConnect625W can support up to 8 different (unique) virtual connections. If you have
multiple different virtual connections, you may need to use the static and dynamic routing
capabilities of your iConnect625W to pass data correctly.
Before the router can pass any data between the LAN and WAN interfaces, the WAN
Setup must be configured and you must ensure that you have a DSL connection.
Depending on your ISP, you will need some or all of the information outlined below before
you can properly configure the WAN Setup.
The iConnect625W supports the following connection types:
PPPoE
PPPoA
Bridged
Static
DHCP
CLIP
Follow the steps to access the Setup page.
Step 1:
To access the WAN Setup, click the Setup tab. The following page appears:
Step 2:
Click on New Connection or Modem to setup your WAN configuration.
The following sections will provide steps on how to configure each connection type.
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7.2.1
PPPoE Connection Setup
PPP, or Point-to-Point Protocol, is a method of establishing a network connection/session
between network hosts. It provides secure login, and traffic metering among other
advanced features.
PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet) is a protocol for encapsulating PPP frames in Ethernet
frames. It provides the ability to connect to a network of hosts over a simple bridging
access device to a remote access concentrator.
It was designed to bring the security and metering benefits of PPP to Ethernet
connections such as DSL. PPPoE allows ADSL users to be authenticated by the ISP’s
systems. Most broadband connections are Ethernet, hence PPP over Ethernet. It also
allows for ISPs to provide multiple services over multiple PPP sessions, i.e., rated
services, broadband specific content (movies, etc.), metered services, etc.
To configure PPPoE connection, follow the steps provided below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The default PPPoE Connection Setup page appears:
Step 2:
MyConnection is the default name displayed in the Name field. Enter a unique
name for your PPPoE connection. The name must not have spaces and cannot
begin with numbers.
Step 3:
From the Type drop-down list, PPPoE is the default setting.
Step 4:
The NAT and Firewall checkboxes are enabled by default under the Options
field. Leave these in the default mode.
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NAT enables the IP address on the LAN side to be translated to IP address on
the WAN side. If NAT is disabled, you cannot access the Internet.
Step 5:
If you want to enable VLAN, refer to the table at the end of this section as a
reference to configure the following fields:
Sharing: Select VLAN to enable the VLAN ID and Priority Bits fields.
VLAN ID: Enter the VLAN ID.
Priority Bits: Select the Priority Bits of the VLAN.
Step 6:
Enter your Username and Password in the respective fields under the PPP
Settings section as shown, as provided by your ISP.
Step 7:
In the PVC Settings section, enter the values for the VPI and VCI if they differ
from the default values: 8 and 35 respectively, as provided by your ISP.
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will
need to open it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one
connection using the same VPI/VCI values.
Step 8:
Select the Quality of Service (QOS). Leave the default value as is if you are
unsure or if the ISP did not provide this information.
Step 9:
Click the Apply button and the Save / Restart Menu link on the left menu. The
following screen appears:
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Step 10: Click the Save All button. The following screen appears. Click the OK button
to save the settings.
Step 11: MyConnection has been created for this connection in the left-hand menu.
You can connect, disconnect, apply, delete or cancel this connection using the
buttons at the bottom of the MyConnection page.
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The following table lists the PPPoE Connection Setup page fields and describes each of
the options:
Field
Description
NAT
Network Address Translation is a feature that enables you
to use private IP addresses on your computer or your LAN.
This is set to Enabled by default for standard operation.
Firewall
This is set to Enabled by default for standard operation.
Sharing
VLAN Settings
VLAN ID
Priority Bits
PPP Settings
The following options are available:
• Disable: Disables connection sharing;
• Enable: Enables connection sharing;
• VLAN: The VLAN ID and Priority Bits
fields are activated when VLAN is
selected, which enables you to create
VLAN.
Multiple connections over the same PVC
are supported, which requires the WAN
network to have VLAN support and for the
DSLAMS and routers on the ISP to handle
VLAN Tags.
Extended support is also available, which
allows multiple connections to be placed
over the single PVC without VLAN support
(VLAN Tag of 0 in this special case). In
this mode of operation, a received packet
is flooded on all the connections that
reside over it.
Priority is given to a VLAN connection
from 0-7. All packets sent over the VLAN
connection have the priority bits set to the
configured level.
Each of the fields for PPP Settings is described as follows.
Username
Your user name for the PPPoE access
provided by your ISP. This field is
alphanumeric and the maximum limit is
64 characters. It cannot start with a
number.
Password
Your password for the PPPoE access
provided by your ISP. This field is
alphanumeric and the maximum number
of characters allowed is 128 characters.
It cannot start with a number.
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Field
Description
Idle Timeout
Specifies that the PPPoE connection
should disconnect if the link has no
activity detected for n seconds. This field
is in conjunction with the On-Demand
feature and is enabled only when the On
Demand checkbox is checked. To
ensure that the link is always active,
enter a 0 in this field. You can also enter
a value larger than 10 (secs).
Keep Alive
When the On Demand option is not
enabled, this value specifies the time to
wait without being connected to your
provider before terminating the
connection. To ensure that the link is
always active, enter a 0 in this field. You
can also enter any positive integer
values into this field.
This defines the authentication protocol
for your ISP. This is set to Auto by
default.
Auto
The authentication is
automatic.
CHAP
Stands for Challenge
Handshake Authentication
Protocol.
PAP
Stands for Password
Authentication Protocol.
Authentication
MTU
On-Demand
Default
Gateway
This is the Maximum Transmission Unit
that the DSL connection can transmit. It
is a negotiated value that packets no
more than n bytes can be sent to the
service provider. The PPPoE interface
default is 1492 (max) and PPPoA is
1500 (max). The minimum MTU value is
64.
If selected, this enables on-demand
connectivity to the Internet. Your
Internet connection is activated when
traffic is generated from LAN clients.
The connection disconnects if no activity
is detected after the specified timeout
value. When checked, this field enables
the following fields:
• Idle Timeout;
• Host Trigger;
• Valid Rx.
If checked, this WAN connection acts as
the default gateway to the Internet.
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Field
Description
Enforce MTU
This feature is enabled by default. It
forces all TCP traffic to conform with the
PPP MTU by changing the TCP
maximum segment size to the PPP
MTU. If it is disabled, you may have
issues accessing some Internet sites.
Debug
Check this checkbox to enable PPPoE
connection debugging facilities.
PPP
Unnumbered
PPP Unnumbered is a special feature. It
enables the ISP to designate a block of
public IP addresses to the customer
where it is statically assigned on the LAN
side. PPP Unnumbered is essentially like
a bridged connection.
This field is used in conjunction with the
On-Demand feature and is enabled only
when the On Demand field is checked.
Valid Rx
When the On-Demand feature is
enabled and Valid Rx is unchecked, only
packets going from the LAN side to the
WAN side keep the link active. After the
iConnect625W times out, no packets can
be received from the WAN side to the
LAN side.
If Valid Rx is checked, the incoming
packets can keep the PPPoE WAN
connection active. There is one
condition: these incoming packets
should belong to a connection initiated
from a LAN-side device.
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Field
Description
This field is used in conjunction with the
On-Demand feature and is enabled only
when the On Demand field is checked.
There are 3 types of packets:
• LAN packets (Type 1): packets
are generated by the
iConnect625W from the LAN to
the WAN.
• Proxied packets (Type 2):
packets are generated by the
iConnect625W after receiving
packets from the LAN side, such
as DNS Proxy.
• Locally generally packets (Type
3): packets are generated by the
iConnect625W such as Voice,
SNMP, etc.
Host Trigger
When the On-Demand feature is
enabled and Host Trigger is unchecked,
only the flow of Type 1 packets keeps
the link active, i.e. if the iConnect625W
has not received Type 1 packets for x
amount of time (as specified in the
Timeout field), the connection times out.
If Host Trigger is checked, Type 2 and
Type 3 packets can keep the link active
as well. You can configure the packets
using the Trigger Traffic page, which is
accessed by clicking the Configure
button next to Host Trigger.
The following fields can be used to
identify the traffic of Type 2 and/or Type
3 packets that will keep the link alive:
• Source Port (the character * is
used to denote any port);
• Destination Port (the character *
is used to denote any port);
• Protocol (TCP, UDP, ICMP, or
Specify the protocol number)
LAN
The LAN field is associated with the PPP
Unnumbered field and is enabled when
the latter field is checked. You can
specify the LAN group the packets need
to go to when the PPP Unnumbered
feature is activated.
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Field
PVC Settings
Description
The Permanent Virtual Circuit is a fixed virtual circuit
between two users. It is the public data network equivalent
to a leased line. No call setup or clearing of procedures are
needed.
VPI
The VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) defines the
virtual path settings for the ADSL
connection between you and your ISP.
The VPI value entered here must be based
on the information provided by your ISP.
VCI
The VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier) defines
the virtual channel settings for the ADSL
connection between you and your ISP.
The VCI value entered here must be based
on the information provided by your ISP.
QoS
QoS is a characteristic of data transmission
that measures how accurately and how
quickly a message or data is transferred
from a source host to a destination host
over a network. The 3 QoS options are:
• UBR, CBR and VBR.
The QoS selected must be based on the
information provided by your ISP. This is
set to UBR by default.
UBR
UBR is the bandwidth
allocation service that does
not guarantee any throughput
levels and uses only available
bandwidth. UBR is often used
when transmitting data that
can tolerate delays.
CBR
CBR is the bandwidth service
that requires the user to
determine a fixed bandwidth
requirement at the time the
connection is set up so that
the data can be sent in a
steady stream. CBR service is
often used when transmitting
fixed-rate uncompressed
video.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Field
Description
VBR
VBR is the bandwidth service
that allows users to specify a
throughput capacity (i.e., a
peak rate) and a sustained
rate but data is not sent
evenly. VBR is often used
when transmitting compressed
packetized voice and video
data, such as video
conferencing.
PCR
The Peak Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec,
is the cell rate that the source may never
exceed.
SCR
Sustained Cell Rate, measured in cells/sec,
is the average cell rate over the duration of
the connection.
MBS
The Maximum Burst Size is a traffic
parameter that specifies the maximum
number of cells that can be transmitted at
the PCR.
CDVT
The Cell Delay Variation Tolerance is the
maximum amount of cell delay variation
that can be accommodated. Cell delay
variation measures the random inter-arrival
times of cells within an ATM connection
due to cell transfer delay caused by
buffering, multiplexing and so on.
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Field
Description
The overall operation of the auto-sensing
PVC feature relies on end-to-end OAM
pings to defined PVCs. There are two
groups of PVCs:
•
Customer default PVCs - defined by
the ISP and the backup PVCs. It
must have 0/35 as the first default
PVC.
•
Backup list of PVCs - it must be of
the following VPI/VCI: 0/35, 8/35,
0/43, 0/51, 0/59, 8/43, 8/51 and
8/59. These are defined in XLM and
are configurable.
The Auto-sensing PVC feature itself is also
configurable in that the auto-search
mechanism can be disabled.
Auto PVC
Upon DSL synchronization, end-to-end
OAM pings will be conducted for every
defined PVC. The result of the pings will be
recorded in an array for later use to
determine the usability of the particular
PVC for connectivity. This list helps the
PVC to manage the available PVC for use,
and needs to be synchronised with
connections made without auto-sensing
PVC.
Once the connection is established, the
PVC is stored in flash as the default PVC.
Therefore upon reboot, this PVC is
automatically chosen as the PVC for that
connection.
Connect
The list of default PVCs and backup PVCs
need to be global for the management of all
connections, non auto-sensing PVC
connection and auto-sensing connections.
These lists allow end users to establish
connectivity without keeping track of the
PVC used.
Click Connect to authenticate to your ISP via PPPoE and
connect to the Internet.
Disconnect
Click Disconnect to break your Internet connection.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
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7.2.2
PPPoA Connection Setup
PPPoA (Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM) is a network protocol for encapsulating PPP
packets in ATM cells that are carried over the DSL line. It is used mainly with ADSL
services and is compliant with RFC 2364.
PPP is a method of establishing a network connection/session between network hosts. It
usually provides a mechanism of authenticating users. Logical Link Control (LLC) and
Virtual Circuit (VC) are two different methods of encapsulating the PPP packet. Contact
your ISP to determine which encapsulation is being used on your DSL connection.
To configure PPPoA connection, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The default PPPoE Connection Setup page appears:
Step 2:
Enter a unique name for your PPPoA connection in the Name field. The name
must not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers.
Step 3:
From the Type drop-down list, select PPPoA. The default PPPoA page
appears:
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 4:
The NAT and Firewall checkboxes are checked by default under the Options
field. Leave these in the default mode.
Step 5:
If you want to enable VLAN, refer to the table at the end of this section as a
reference to configure the following fields:
Sharing: Select VLAN to enable the VLAN ID and Priority Bits fields.
VLAN ID: Enter the VLAN ID.
Priority Bits: Select the Priority Bits of the VLAN.
In the PPP Settings section, select the Encapsulation Type (LLC or VC) by
highlighting the appropriate radio button. The default is set to VC. Your ISP
should be providing the Encapsulation Type. If you are unsure, maintain the
default mode.
Step 6:
Step 7:
Enter your Username and Password in the respective fields as shown below,
as provided by your ISP.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Step 8:
In the PVC Settings section, enter the VPI and VCI values, as provided by your
ISP. These are defaulted to '8' and '35', respectively,
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will need to open
it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one connection using the
same VPI/VCI values.
Step 9:
Select the QoS. Leave the default value if you are unsure or if the ISP did not
provide this information.
Step 10: Click the Apply button.
Step 11: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the PPPoA Connection Setup screen fields and describes each of
the options:
Field
Description
NAT
Network Address Translation is a feature that enables you to use
private IP addresses on your computer or your LAN. This is set to
Enabled by default for standard operation.
Firewall
Select to enable security for this connection. This is set to Enabled by
default for standard operation.
PPP Settings
Each of the fields for PPP Settings is described as follows.
Encapsulation
Encapsulation is the technique used by layered
protocols in which a layer adds header information
to the protocol data unit (PDU) from the layer
above. Two options are provided: LLC and VC.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Field
Description
LLC
With LLC encapsulation, a link control
header is added to the Ethernet packet that
identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This
allows multiple protocols to be transmitted
over the ATM VC.
VC
With VC multiplexing, .no link control header
is needed as the ATM VC is assumed to be
carrying a single protocol.
Username
Your user name for the PPPoA access provided by
your ISP. This field is alphanumeric and the
maximum length is 64 characters. It cannot start
with a number.
Password
Your password for the PPPoA access provided by
your ISP. This field is alphanumeric and the
maximum length is 128 characters. It cannot start
with a number.
Idle Timeout
Specifies that the PPPoA connection should
disconnect if the link has no activity detected for n
seconds. This field is in conjunction with the OnDemand feature and is enabled only when the On
Demand checkbox is checked. To ensure that the
link is always active, enter a 0 in this field. You can
also enter a value larger than 10 (secs).
Keep Alive
When the On Demand option is not enabled, this
value specifies the time to wait without being
connected to your provider before terminating the
connection. To ensure that the link is always active,
enter a 0 in this field. You can also enter any
positive integer value in this field.
This defines the authentication protocol for your
ISP. This is set to Auto by default.
Authentication
MTU
On-Demand
Default
Gateway
Auto
The authentication is automatic.
CHAP
Stands for Challenge Handshake
Authentication Protocol.
PAP
Stands for Password Authentication
Protocol.
This is the Maximum Transmission Unit that the
DSL connection can transmit. It is a negotiated
value that packets no more than n bytes can be
sent to the service provider. The PPPoE interface
default is 1492 (max) and PPPoA is 1500 (max).
The minimum MTU value is 64.
If selected, this enables on-demand mode. The
connection disconnects if no activity is detected
after the specified timeout value.
If checked, this WAN connection acts as the default
gateway to the Internet.
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iConnect625W ADSL/ADSL2+ Router User Guide
Field
Description
Debug
Check this checkbox to enable PPP connection
debugging facilities.
PPP
Unnumbered
PPP Unnumbered is a special feature. It enables
the ISP to designate a block of public IP addresses
to the customer where it is statically assigned on
the LAN side. PPP Unnumbered is essentially like a
bridged connection.
LAN
The LAN field is associated with the PPP
Unnumbered field. The packets need to go through
a specific LAN group when the PPP Unnumbered
feature is activated.
The PVC Settings are not mandatory except for the VPI and VCI fields.
VPI
The VPI defines the virtual path settings for the
ADSL connection between you and your ISP. The
VPI value entered here must be based on the
information provided by your ISP.
VCI
The VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier) defines the
virtual channel settings for the ADSL connection
between you and your ISP. The VCI value entered
here must be based on the information provided by
your ISP.
QoS
This field defines QoS at the ATM layer. Three
different Quality Of Service options are available in
the iConnect625W: UBR, CBR and VBR (refer to
the previous section under the PPPoE table for the
definitions). The QoS selected here must be based
on the information provided by your ISP. This is set
to UBR by default.
PVC Settings
Connect
Click Connect to authenticate to your ISP via PPPoA and connect to
the Internet.
Disconnect
Click Disconnect to break your Internet connection.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
For VLAN and PVC field descriptions, please refer to the table under PPPoE section.
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7.2.3
Static Connection Setup
A Static Connection type is used whenever an ISP provides a Static IP address. Your ISP
should provide the information for the Subnet Mask and the Gateway. Up to three
Domain Name Server (DNS) addresses can be identified. These servers would enable
you to have access to other web servers using the host name.
To configure Static connection, follow the steps provided below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The default PPPoE Connection Setup page appears:
Step 2:
From the Type drop-down list, select Static. The following page appears:
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Step 3:
Enter a unique name for your Static connection in the Name field. The name
must not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers.
Step 4:
The NAT and Firewall checkboxes are checked by default under the Options
field. Leave these in the default mode.
Step 5:
Select the Encapsulation Type (LLC or VC) by highlighting the appropriate
radio button. The default is set to LLC. If you are unsure about the option, leave
the default setting as it is.
Step 6:
In the IP Address field, enter your assigned IP address based on the
information provided by your ISP.
Step 7:
In the Mask field, enter the Subnet Mask based on the information provided by
your ISP.
Step 8:
In the Default Gateway field, enter the Default Gateway based on the
information provided by your ISP.
Step 9:
In the DNS1, DNS2 and DNS3 fields, enter the Domain Name Services values
based on the information provided by your ISP.
Step 10: For the static configuration in the Mode option, the default mode is set to
Bridged. You can select the Routed connection, if this is applicable.
Step 11: In the PVC Settings section, the VPI and VCI are defaulted to 8 and 35,
respectively. Make the changes in these fields, as provided by your ISP, if
required.
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will need to open
it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one connection using the
same VPI/VCI values.
Step 12: Select the QoS. Leave the default value if you are unsure or if the ISP did not
provide this information. The PCR, SCR, MBS and CDVT fields are enabled /
disabled based depending on the selection for QoS. Your ISP should provide
these values.
Step 13: Click the Apply button.
Step 14: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Static Connection Setup screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
NAT
Network Address Translation is a feature that enables you to use
private IP addresses on your computer or your LAN. This is set to
Enabled by default for standard operation.
Firewall
Select to enable security for this connection. This is set to Enabled by
default for standard operation.
Each of the fields for Static Settings is described as follows.
LLC or VC and two different methods of
encapsulating multiple sessions. The default is set to
LLC.
Encapsulation
Static
Settings
LLC
With LLC encapsulation, a link control
header is added to the Ethernet packet that
identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This
allows multiple protocols to be transmitted
over the ATM Virtual Circuit (VC).
VC
With VC multiplexing, no link control header
is needed as the ATM VC is assumed to be
carrying a single protocol.
IP Address
This is the static IP address that will be assigned to
the WAN interface of the iConnect625W router. The
information is based on the details provided by your
ISP.
Mask
A Mask is used to determine which subnet an IP
address belongs to. This is the Subnet Mask that will
be assigned to the WAN interface of the
iConnect625W router. The information is based on
the details provided by your ISP.
Default
Gateway
The Default Gateway is the host to which local
computers send data that is destined for a non-local
machine. On the iConnect625W router, configure the
default gateway to reach all computers that are not in
the same local IP subnet.
DNS 1 - DNS 3
DNS service is used to translate a Domain Name into
a corresponding IP address. The DNS server name
should be obtained from your ISP.
Mode
Select either the Routed or Bridged mode option.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
For VLAN and PVC field descriptions, please refer to the table under PPPoE section.
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7.2.4
DHCP Connection Setup
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) allows the iConnect625W to obtain an IP
address automatically from the server. With dynamic addressing, a device may have a
different IP address every time it connects to the network. Before configuration begins,
please check with your ISP to ensure that this mode is supported.
To configure DHCP connection, follow the steps provided below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The default PPPoE Connection Setup page appears:
Step 2:
From the Type drop-down list, select DHCP. The following page appears:
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Step 3:
Enter a unique name for your DHCP connection in the Name field. The name
must not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers.
Step 4:
The NAT and Firewall checkboxes are checked by default under the Options
field. Leave these in the default mode.
Step 5:
Select the Encapsulation Type (LLC or VC) by highlighting the appropriate
radio button. The default is set to LLC. If you are unsure about the option, leave
the default setting as it is.
Step 6:
If your DSL line is connected and your ISP supports DHCP, click the Renew
button to retrieve an IP address, Subnet Mask and Default Gateway address.
Alternatively, you can click the Release button at any time to release the DHCP
address.
You can renew the DHCP address at any time by clicking the Renew button. This is not
required in most cases as the process runs automatically.
Step 7:
From the PVC Settings section, the VPI and VCI are defaulted to 8 and 35,
respectively. Make the changes in these fields, if required, based on the
information from your ISP.
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will need to open
it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one connection using the
same VPI/VCI values.
Step 8:
Select the QoS. Leave the default value if you are unsure or if the ISP did not
provide this information.
The PCR, SCR, MBS and CDVT fields could be enabled/disabled depending
on the QoS section. Your ISP should provide these values.
Step 9:
Click the Apply button.
Step 10: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the DHCP Connection Setup screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
NAT
Network Address Translation is a feature that enables you to use
private IP addresses on your computer or your LAN. This is set to
Enabled by default for standard operation.
Firewall
Select to enable security for this connection. This is set to Enabled by
default for standard operation.
Each of the fields for DHCP Settings is described as follows.
LLC and VC are two different methods of
encapsulating multiple sessions. The default is set to
LLC.
Encapsulation
DHCP
Settings
LLC
With LLC encapsulation, a link control
header is added to the Ethernet packet that
identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This
allows multiple protocols to be transmitted
over the ATM Virtual Circuit (VC).
VC
With VC multiplexing, no link control header
is needed as the ATM VC is assumed to be
carrying a single protocol.
IP Address
This is the static IP address assigned by the DHCP
server.
Mask
A Mask is used to determine which subnet an IP
address belongs to. This is the Subnet Mask that will
be assigned to the WAN interface of the
iConnect625W router. The information is based on
the details provided by your ISP.
Gateway
The Gateway is the IP address of your gateway.
Default
Gateway
If this field is enabled/checked, this WAN connection
will act as the default gateway to the Internet.
Renew
It may be necessary on occasion to get a new IP address or to update
the DHCP options sent by your ISP's DHCP server. Pressing this
button renews the DHCP lease.
Release
Clicking this button releases the current network settings from the
iConnectAccess264W router.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
For VLAN and PVC field descriptions, please refer to the table under PPPoE section.
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7.2.5
Bridged Connection Setup
In Bridge mode, Ethernet frames are bridged over ATM VC. The Ethernet frames are
encapsulated using either LLC Encapsulation or VC Multiplexing. Since the Ethernet
packets are bridged, the router's only functionality is to pass the Ethernet packets to and
from the ISP and the local network.
Your ISP assigns the IP addresses of the local network, either statically or dynamically. If
your ISP provides bridged service, you may select the Bridged connection type.
In this setting, the NAT and firewall rules are disabled. This connection method makes the
iConnect625W act as a transparent hub and passes packets across from the WAN
interface to the LAN interface transparently.
To configure Bridge connection, follow the steps provided below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The default PPPoE Connection Setup page appears:
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Step 2:
From the Type drop-down list, select Bridge. The following page appears:
Step 3:
Enter a unique name for your Bridged connection in the Name field. The name
must not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers.
Step 4:
Select the Encapsulation Type (LLC or VC) by highlighting the appropriate
radio button. The default is set to LLC. If you are unsure about the option, leave
the default setting as it is.
Step 5:
In the Select LAN field, select the appropriate LAN Group you wish to
configure for Bridge mode.
Step 6:
The VPI and VCI values are defaulted to 8 and 35, respectively. Make the
changes in these fields as provided by your ISP, if required.
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will need to open
it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one connection using the
same VPI/VCI values.
Step 7:
Select the QoS. Leave the default value if you are unsure or if the ISP did not
provide this information.
The PCR, SCR, MBS and CDVT fields could be enabled/disabled depending
on the QoS section. Your ISP should provide these values.
Step 8:
Step 9:
Click the Apply button.
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Bridge Connection Setup screen and their definitions:
Field
Description
Each of the fields for Bridge Settings is described as follows.
LLC and VC are two different methods of
encapsulating multiple sessions. The default is set to
LLC.
Encapsulation
Bridge
Settings
Select LAN
LLC
With LLC encapsulation, a link control
header is added to the Ethernet packet that
identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This
allows multiple protocols to be transmitted
over the ATM Virtual Circuit (VC).
VC
With VC multiplexing, .no link control header
is needed as the ATM VC is assumed to be
carrying a single protocol.
Select the LAN Group (as defined in the LAN
Configuration screen) for the bridged connection. The
options are:
• LAN Group 1
• LAN Group 2
• LAN Group 3
• LAN Group 4
• LAN Group 5
• None
The Bridge connection is added to the LAN Group
configuration, unless you have selected the option:
None. In this case, the connection will be added to
the Interfaces box instead.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
For VLAN and PVC field descriptions, please refer to the table under PPPoE section.
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7.2.6
CLIP Connection Setup
Classical IP Over ATM as defined in RFC1577 provides the ability to transmit IP packets
over an ATM network. CLIP support encapsulates IP in an AAL5 Packet Data Unit (PDU)
frame using RFC 1577 and it sends out an ARP request to a CLIP-enable ARP server,
which returns the ATM address.
To configure CLIP connection, follow the steps provided below.
Step 1: To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the New Connection link.
The following page appears if no prior connection has been configured:
Step 2:
From the Type drop-down list, select CLIP. The following page appears:
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Step 3:
Enter a unique name for your Bridged connection in the Name field. The name
must not have spaces and cannot begin with numbers.
Step 4:
The NAT and Firewall checkboxes are checked by default under the Options
field. Leave these in the default mode.
Step 5:
In the IP Address field, enter your assigned IP address based on the
information provided by your ISP.
Step 6:
In the Mask field, enter the Subnet Mask based on the information provided by
your ISP.
Step 7:
In the ARP Server field, enter the ARP Server address based on the
information provided by your ISP.
Step 8:
In the Default Gateway field, the Default Gateway is blank. Enter this field
based on the information provided by your ISP.
Step 9:
In the PVC Settings section, the VPI and VCI values are defaulted to 8 and 35,
respectively. Make the changes in these fields, as provided by your ISP, if
required.
If you need to use the VPI and VCI values in an existing connection, you will need to open
it and edit the settings. It is not possible to have more than one connection using the
same VPI/VCI values.
Step 10: Select the QoS. Leave the default value if you are unsure or if the ISP did not
provide this information.
The PCR, SCR, MBS and CDVT fields could be enabled/disabled depending
on the QoS section. Your ISP should provide these values.
Step 11: Click the Apply button.
Step 12: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the CLIP Connection Setup screen and their definitions:
Field
Description
NAT
Network Address Translation is a feature that enables you to use
private IP addresses on your computer or your LAN. This is set to
Enabled by default for standard operation.
Firewall
Select to enable security for this connection. This is set to Enabled by
default for standard operation.
Each of the fields for CLIP Settings is described as follows.
LLC and VC are two different methods of
encapsulating multiple sessions. The default is set to
LLC.
Encapsulation
CLIP
Settings
LLC
With LLC encapsulation, a link control
header is added to the Ethernet packet that
identifies the protocol type (Ethernet). This
allows multiple protocols to be transmitted
over the ATM Virtual Circuit (VC).
VC
With VC multiplexing, .no link control header
is needed as the ATM VC is assumed to be
carrying a single protocol.
IP Address
The CLIP Server IP Address provided by
your ISP.
Mask
The CLIP Server Subnet Mask provided by
your ISP.
ARP Server
The Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)
Server IP Address provided by your ISP.
Default Gateway
If checked, this WAN connection acts as the
default gateway to the Internet.
Apply
Applies the changes made to the connection.
Delete
Deletes the connection.
Cancel
Cancels the changes made to the connection.
For VLAN and PVC field descriptions, please refer to the table under PPPoE section.
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7.2.7
Modify an Existing Connection
Follow the steps below to modify an existing connection.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu, and click the connection you
wish to modify from the left hand menu.
Step 2:
Edit as applicable on the individual connection page.
Step 3:
Click the Apply button.
Step 4:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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7.2.8
Delete an Existing Connection
Follow the steps below to delete a WAN connection.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu, and click the connection you
wish to delete from the left hand menu.
Step 2:
Click the Delete button on the applicable connection you wish to remove.
The changes take effect when you click Delete. However, if the iConnect625W
router configuration is not saved, these changes will be lost when you reboot the
iConnect625W router.
Step 3:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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7.2.9
Modem Setup
To configure the ADSL modulation types, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
To begin, click the Setup tab on the top menu. Click the Modem link. The
following page appears:
Step 2:
The Modulation Type checkboxes are defaulted to the above settings as
shown. It is recommended that the default settings remain.
The iConnect625W router is pre-configured to detect the ADSL modulation type
automatically. In most cases, this screen should not be modified.
Step 3:
If any modulation type has been amended, click the Apply button.
Step 4:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Modem screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
There are multiple combinations of ADSL modulation modes to be selected.
No Mode
No mode is defaulted to disabled.
ADSL_G.dmt
G.dmt stands for G Discrete Multi-Tone. It supports ITU-U
ADSL over POTS (G.992.1).
ADSL_G.lite
It support ITU-T ADSL over POTS (G.992.2)
ADSL_G.dmt.bis
It supports ITU-T ADSL 2 over POTS (G.992.3)
ADSL_G.dmt.bis.DELT
It supports ADSL G.DMT.bis DELT
ADSL_2plus
It supports ITU-T ADSL 2+ over POTS (G.992.5) and
speeds up to 24Mbps.
ADSL_2plus_DELT
It supports ADSL 2+ and speeds up to 24Mbps.
ADSL re-adsl
It supports ITU-T RE-ADSL 2 over POTS (G.992.3).
ADSL re-adsl DELT
It supports ADSL re-adsl DELT.
ADSL_ANSI_T1.413
This applies to ANSI T1.413-1998.
MULTI_MODE
Multi-Mode is automatically detected.
ADSL_G.dmt.bis_AnxM
It supports ITU-T ADSL 2 G.992.3 Annex M.
ADSL2plus_AnxM
It supports ITU-T ADSL 2+ G.992.5 Annex M.
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8.
Advanced
The iConnect625W supports a host of advanced networking and routing features including
the setup of your LAN and WAN interfaces, security, port configuration, user management,
restarting the router and plug and play capability.
In addition, it allows you to performance advanced configuration functions for existing
connection such as enabling and disabling voice, voice provision, UPnP, SNTP, SNMP
and so on.
There should be at least one WAN connection configured before implementing advanced
WAN configuration features. Similarly, at least one LAN group must be defined before
advanced LAN configuration features can be implemented.
The features include:
Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)
Simple Networking Timing Protocol (SNTP)
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Port Forwarding
IP Filters
LAN Clients
LAN Isolation between LAN groups
Remote Web Access
Bridge Filters
Dynamic DNS Client
Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) Proxy
Static Routing
Dynamic Routing
Policy Database
Ingress
Egress
Shaper
SSH Access Control
To access the Advanced configuration screen, follow the steps below.
Step 1: Click the Advanced tab to access the advanced configuration features. The
following page appears:
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Step 2: Please refer to the sections below on how to configure the advanced features.
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8.1
UPnP
UPnP is a networking architecture that provides compatibility among networking
equipment, software and peripherals such as game consoles, digital cameras and other
systems that connect by TCP/IP. It can be supported on any operating system, and
boasts device-driver independence and zero-configuration networking.
UPnP is a standard that uses Internet and Web protocols to enable the iConnect625W to
plug into a network and automatically recognise each other. This feature is set to
Disabled by default in the iConnect625W.
This feature requires one active WAN connection. In the presence of multiple WAN
connections, select a connection on which the incoming traffic is present, for example, the
default WAN connection.
Follow the steps below to enable UPnP.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the UPnP link on the left menu. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Check the Enable UPnP checkbox. This enables the WAN connection and LAN
connection fields.
Step 3: Select the required WAN Connection that will use UPnP by highlighting the
appropriate item from the drop-down list.
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Step 4: Select the LAN Connection that will use UPnP by highlighting the appropriate
item from the drop-down list.
Step 5: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 6: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.2
SNTP
SNTP ensures that the computer clock time can be synchronised in a network of
computers to the millisecond to the public SNTP servers. It uses the UDP protocol on port
123 to communicate between clients and servers.
When the SNTP feature is enabled, your iConnect625W starts verifying the time clock
information from the primary SNTP server. If it does not get a valid response within the
Timeout period, it makes additional attempts based on the number on the value of the
Retry Count field before it moves to the Secondary SNTP server. If there is no valid
response either for this server, it moves on to the Tertiary SNTP server. If it does not get a
valid response from all the servers, the program stops.
When it does receive a valid response from one of the servers, the program goes to sleep
for a few minutes as specified in the Polling Interval field before starting the whole process
again.
Follow the steps below to configure SNTP.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the SNTP link on the left menu. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Check the Enable SNTP checkbox as shown below.
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Step 3: Enter the Primary SNTP Server address as required in the Primary SNTP
Server field.
Step 4: Enter the Secondary SNTP Server address as required in the Secondary
SNTP Server field.
Step 5: Enter the Tertiary SNTP Server address as required in the Tertiary SNTP field.
Step 6: Enter a Timeout limit (in seconds) into the Timeout field. The default is set to
5sec.
Step 7: Enter a time (in minutes) in the Polling Interval field. The default is set to
30mins.
Step 8: Enter the number of times to retry connecting to the server in the Retry Count
field. The default value is 2.
Step 9: Select the Time Zone from the drop-down list. The time zone refers to the
location where the router is operating.
Step 10: Check the Day Light checkbox to activate daylight saving time (DST), if it is
applicable.
Step 11: Click the Apply button to save the settings.
Step 12: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the SNTP screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Enable SNTP
Check this checkbox to enable the iConnect625W to
synchronise the system time to the public SNTP servers.
Primary SNTP Server
The IP address or the host name of the primary SNTP
server. Refer to your ISP for this information. The default
setting is 0.0.0.0.
Secondary SNTP
Server
The IP address or host name of the secondary SNTP server.
Refer to your ISP for this information. The default setting is
0.0.0.0.
Tertiary SNTP Server
The IP address or host name of the tertiary SNTP server.
Refer to your ISP for this information. The default setting is
0.0.0.0.
Timeout
The time in seconds that the iConnect625W will wait for an
SNTP server to respond. If the router fails to connect to an
SNTP server within the timeout period, it retries the
connection. The default is set to 5 seconds.
Polling Interval
The amount of time (in minutes) that the iConnect625W
checks the time between a successful connection with an
SNTP server and a new attempt to connect to an SNTP
server. The default setting is 30 minutes.
Retry Count
The number of retries before a backup server is polled, i.e.
the number of times the router tries to connect to an SNTP
server before it tries to connect to the next server in line. The
default setting is set to 2.
Time Zone
The time zone where the router resides.
Daylight
Select this option to enable daylight saving time (DST). DST
is not automatically enabled or disabled. This function needs
to be enabled manually.
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8.3
SNMP
SNMP is used to remotely monitor the state of the network and collect information about
Internet traffic events and device status into a database. It is a troubleshooting and
management tool that uses UDP protocol on Port 161 to communicate between clients
and servers. For example, SNMP can be used to monitor the amount of traffic passing
through the network.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the SNMP link on the left menu. The SNMP
Management page appears:
Step 2: Check the Enable SNMP Agent and Enable SNMP Traps checkboxes to
enable this feature as shown.
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Step 3: Enter an administrative name for the device in the Name field.
Step 4: Enter the physical location of the iConnect625W router in the Location field.
Step 5: Enter a contact for the iConnect625W in the Contact field.
Step 6: Enter a community name in the Name field under the Community section. The
default is set to Public.
Step 7: The Access Right is defaulted to the ReadOnly option. The alternative option
is the ReadWrite option from the drop-down list.
Step 8: Enter the Trap Community name in the Trap Community field. This should
match the Community Name on the server receiving the traps.
Step 9: Select the Trap Version of the SNMP to use from the drop-down list.
Step 10: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 11: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the SNMP screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Enable SNMP Agent
Check this checkbox to enable SNMP on this device. Enter the
SNMP settings in the Community section of the screen.
Enable SNMP Traps
Check this checkbox to enable SNMP trap service. Enter the
SNMP trap settings in the Traps section of the screen.
Name
This is an administrative name that is assigned for the
iConnect625W router.
Location
This is the physical location of the iConnect625W router.
Contact
This is the contact person and/or contact information for the
iConnect625W router.
SNMP defines a community as a relationship between an
SNMP agent and one or more SNMP managers.
Name
The default community name is set to Public with
read-only access mode created in the
configuration file. SNMP supports up to 3
communities including the default community
name Public.
Read Only
The SNMP Read Only Community
string is like a user ID or password
that allows access to the router's
statistics.
Read Write
The SNMP Read Write Community
string allows a remote device to
read information from a device and
to modify the settings on that
device.
Community
Access
Rights
Traps
Trap is an event notification. There are 4 standard traps that
are supported in the iConnect625W router:
• WarmStartTrap;
• LinkUpTrap;
• LinkDownTrap;
• AuthenticationFailureTrap.
This is the Destination IP Address of
Destination IP
the host to receive the SNMP traps.
Trap Community
This is the community name of the
trap. It should match the community
name on the server receiving the
traps.
Trap Version
Select the version of the SNMP to
use from the drop-down list:
• SNMP v1
• SNMP v2
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8.4
Port Forwarding
Port Forwarding allows you to provide local services (for example, web hosting) for users
on the Internet or to play Internet games. When users send this type of request to your
network via the Internet, the iConnect625W router forwards these requests to the
appropriate computer. Hence, it allows you to direct incoming traffic to specific LAN hosts
based on a protocol port number and protocol.
Port Forwarding can be used with dynamic DHCP-assigned addresses and is
configurable per LAN group. For example, if you were configuring a Netmeeting server,
you would want to assign this server to a static IP address so that the IP address is not
re-assigned.
If Internet users are trying to access an Internet application, they must use the WAN IP
address. Port Forwarding translates the WAN IP address into a LAN IP address.
Before Port Forwarding can be configured, you must ensure that you have a LAN IP
Address configured in LAN Clients.
To configure Port Forwarding, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Port Forwarding link on the left menu. The
following page appears:
Step 2: From the WAN Connection drop-down list, select the connection type for
which you wish to which port forwarding is applied.
Step 3: Check the Allow Incoming Ping (ICMP) checkbox if you wish to monitor the
connectivity between the IP devices. This is optional.
Step 4: From the Select LAN Group drop-down list, LAN group 1 is the default setting
that was previously configured under Setup>LAN Configuration.
Step 5: For the LAN IP drop-down list, select the IP address for which you
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wish to host the service.
It is recommended that the Static IP Addresses rather than the DHCP IP
Addresses be used for Port Forwarding.
Step 6: If you wish to add a new LAN IP address, click the New IP button. The LAN
Clients page appears:
Step 7: Follow the instructions under the LAN Clients section for details on entering
the fields.
Step 8: To add a new rule for this connection, highlight the appropriate category radio
button for your configuration in the Category section, for example, Servers.
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Step 9: Select the Available Rules for a given category. The Available Rules window
displays the common Internet services within the selected category. Rules for
each service can be viewed by clicking the View button.
The Rule Management page appears:
Step 10: Click the Add button. The rule then appears in the Applied Rules section of
the screen. Continue to add rules as they apply from each category.
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Step 11: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 12: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Port Forwarding screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
WAN Connection
Select a defined WAN connection.
Allow Incoming Ping
Ping is a protocol used mainly for monitoring the connectivity
between IP devices. Enabling this function allows remote
devices to use ping to check connectivity to your device.
Enable this function for monitoring purposes.
Select LAN Group
Select the LAN Group where the computer of the port to be
forwarded to is a member. LAN Groups can be managed or
created under Setup>LAN Configuration.
LAN IP
This is the IP address to which the selected ports are
forwarded. It is recommended that a static IP address be used.
This should be defined under the LAN Clients screen.
New IP
Clicking on this link leads to the LAN Client screen. Static
addresses not listed under the LAN IP drop-down list can be
added here.
DMZ
This links to the Demilitarised (DMZ) screen. Please refer to
the section on DMZ for details on this function.
Custom Port
Forwarding
Clicking on this link leads to the Custom Port Forwarding
screen.
Please refer to the section on Custom Port Forwarding for
details on this function.
With Port Forwarding, you can provide local services (for
example web hosting) for users on the Internet or play Internet
games. This is the Category section of the Port Forwarding
screen. To configure a service or game, select the external
connection (for e.g. the Internet connection), select the
computer hosting the service and add the corresponding
firewall rule.
A number of pre-defined categories and rules are available
here. These are Games, VPN, Audio/Video, Apps, Servers and
Users.
Category
E.g. Web servers specify the following port forwarding profile.
The categories available for Port Forwarding include: Games,
VPN, Audio/Video, Apps (or applications), Servers and Users.
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Field
Description
Games
Internet users are able to play Internet
games when this function is configured.
Examples of the games list include
Aliens and Predators, Doom, Dune
2000, etc.
VPN
The default VPN settings are: IPSEC
L2TP and PPTP.
Audio/Video
Net2Phone, Netmeeting and Quick
Time 4 Server can be configured for
Audio/Video services.
Apps
Various applications are set as defaults
under this category, including: VNC,
Win2K terminals, PcAnywhere, etc.
Servers
The default servers include: Web
Servers, FTP server, Telnet Server, and
so on.
Users
New user rules can be added here.
Available Rules
Each category has Available Rules that are pre-defined or
user-defined. Default rules such as Netmeeting is available
under the Audio/Video category and Web Server is an
available rule under the Servers category.
View
To view the profile allocated for each category and available
rule, click the View button.
Add
The Add button allows users to add the applied rule as
required.
Remove
To delete an existing applied rule, click the Remove button.
Applied Rules
This specifies the applied Port Forwarding rule for the selected
WAN Connection and the LAN IP.
8.4.1
Allow Incoming Ping
Enabling the Incoming Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Ping will allow Echo
requests to come into the gateway. The gateway will respond with an ICMP Echo
response message. The option allows the DSL provider or ISP to determine the following:
The status of the network;
Tracking and isolating hardware and software problems;
Testing, measuring and managing networks.
8.4.2
DMZ
Setting a computer on your local network as DMZ forwards any network traffic that is not
redirected to another computer via the Port Forwarding feature to the computer's IP
address. This opens access to the DMZ computer from the Internet.
The DMZ feature is disabled by default.
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Follow the steps below to enable DMZ.
Step 1:
From the Port Forwarding screen, click the DMZ link next to the New IP
button. The following page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable DMZ checkbox. This is configurable per LAN segment.
Step 3:
From the Select Your WAN Connection drop-down list, select the connection
type for which you wish to add the DMZ.
Step 4:
From the Select LAN Group drop-down list, select the LAN group for which
you wish to enable the DMZ.
It is recommended that the Static IP Addresses rather than the DHCP IP
Addresses be used for the DMZ host.
Step 5:
Select the DMZ Host IP Address from the Select a LAN IP Address dropdown list. If your IP Address is not listed, click the LAN Clients link provided
and follow the instructions under the LAN Clients screen.
Step 6: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the DMZ Settings screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Enable DMZ
Enables/Disables the DMZ feature. The default is set to
disabled.
Select your WAN
Connection
List of WAN connections defined in the WAN Setup for which
the DMZ feature is applied.
Select LAN Group
Select the LAN Group for which you wish to enable the DMZ
from the drop-down list.
Select a LAN IP
Address
This option refers to the Host computer to act as the DMZ.
LAN Clients
This link leads to the LAN Client page. Static addresses that
are not listed under the LAN IP drop-down list can be added
here.
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8.4.3
Custom Port Forwarding
The Custom Port Forwarding feature is only required when specifying IP Subnets or IP
Addresses not listed under LAN Clients. This feature allows you to create up to 15
custom Port Forwarding entries to support specific services or applications, such as
concurrent NAT/NAPT operation.
To configure Custom Port Forwarding, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Port Forwarding screen, click the Custom Port Forwarding link
provided. The following page appears:
Step 2: From the Connection drop-down list, select the connection name for which you
wish to configure port forwarding.
Step 3: Enter a unique name for the rule in the Application field.
Step 4: Select the protocol from the Protocol drop-down list. The options are: TCP,
UDP, TCP and UDP.
Step 5: Identify the traffic by entering the Source IP Address and Source Netmask.
Step 6: Enter the Destination IP Address and Destination Netmask of the server to
which the traffic is being forwarded.
Step 7: Enter the Destination Port Start and Destination Port End fields.
Step 8: Enter the Destination Port on which the server will respond, in the Destination
Port Map field.
Step 9: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 10: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Custom Port Forwarding screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Connection
The name of the WAN connection on which you wish to
customise Port Forwarding.
Enable
This checkbox is enabled by default.
Application
Enter a unique name of the application for which your ports
must be opened.
Protocol
Select the protocol for your traffic. The options are: TCP, UDP
or TCP and UDP.
Source IP Address
This is the IP address from which the incoming traffic is
allowed. You may enter 0.0.0.0 for all.
Source Netmask
The Network Mask of the interface forwarding the traffic or
0.0.0.0 for all.
Destination IP
This is the LAN-side IP address of the device that is receiving
the traffic.
Destination Netmask
The LAN-side destination network mask of the device that is
receiving the traffic.
Destination Port
Start
The starting destination port number that is made open for this
application.
Destination Port End
The ending destination port number that is made open for this
application.
The destination port number to which traffic is forwarded on
the LAN-side. There are two types of port mapping:
Destination Port Map
• One-to-One where one port is mapped to another;
• Multiple-to-One where multiple ports are mapped to
one port.
Wildcard (*) entries are allowed for IP Address/Netmask and Port range fields.
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8.5
IP Filters
IP Filters allows you to block network access based on a user's computer IP Address on
the local LAN. You can use this option to block specific traffic (for e.g., block web access)
or any traffic from a computer on your local network.
If the Block All Traffic checkbox is checked, all network traffic from that computer will be
blocked. You can also add, edit or delete IP Filter rules without using the pre-defined
rules.
You will need to use Custom IP Filters when specifying IP subnets or IP address that is
not listed under LAN Clients. Otherwise, new filters can be defined in the User Category
of the Available Rules, and then mapped to the appropriate WAN connection and LAN IP.
To configure IP Filters, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the IP Filters link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2: From the Select LAN Group drop-down list, select the LAN Group for which
you wish to add the rule.
Step 3: From the LAN IP drop-down list, select the IP address for which you wish to
apply the rule. If your IP address is not listed, click the New IP button and follow
the instructions under the LAN Clients screen.
It is recommended that Static IP Addresses rather than DHCP IP Addresses be
used for IP Filtering.
Step 4:
In the Category area of the screen, highlight the appropriate radio button for
the category. The Available Rules area displays common Internet services
within the category selected. Rules for each service can be viewed by clicking
the View button.
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Step 5:
To add a rule for this connection, highlight the service or application from the
Available Rules window and click the Add button. The rule will appear in the
Applied Rules area of the screen.
Step 6: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the IP Filters screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Select LAN Group
Select the LAN Group where the computer of the port to be
forwarded to is a member. LAN Groups can be managed or
created under Setup>LAN Configuration.
LAN IP
This is the IP address to which the selected ports are filtered. It
is recommended that a static IP address be used. This should
be defined under the LAN Clients screen.
New IP
Clicking on this link leads to the LAN Client screen. Static
addresses not listed under the LAN IP drop-down list can be
added here.
Block All Traffic
Checking this checkbox blocks all IP traffic from the specified
LAN IP Address.
Block Outgoing Ping
Highlighting this option blocks all ICMP traffic from the
specified LAN IP Address. This feature can be used if you host
has a virus that attempts a Ping-Of-Death Denial of Service
attack.
Custom IP Filters
Use this link to create filtering rules that are not pre-defined.
A database of pre-defined IP Filters allow you to apply one or
more filtering rules to one or more defined LAN groups. The
categories and rules available include: Games, VPN,
Audio/Video, Apps, Servers and Users.
E.g. Web servers specify the following profile.
Category
The categories available for IP Filters include: Games, VPN,
Audio/Video, Apps (or applications), Servers and Users.
Games
Internet users are able to play
Internet games when this
function is configured.
Examples of the games list
include Aliens and Predators,
Doom, Dune 2000, etc.
VPN
The default VPN settings are:
IPSEC L2TP and PPTP.
Audio/Video
Net2Phone, Netmeeting and
Quick Time 4 Server can be
configured for Audio/Video
services.
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Field
Description
Apps
Various applications are set
as defaults under this
category, including: VNC,
Win2K terminal, PcAnywhere,
etc.
Servers
The default servers include:
Web Servers, FTP server,
Telnet Server, and so on.
Users
New user rules can be added
here.
Available Rules
Each category has Available Rules that are pre-defined.
Default rules such as Netmeeting is available under the
Audio/Video category and Web Server is an available rule
under the Servers category.
Applied Rules
This specifies the applied IP filtering for the selected LAN IP
Address.
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8.6
LAN Clients
All current DHCP clients are automatically registered in the LAN Client database as a
dynamic address if DHCP is used. If a static IP address is used on a LAN device and you
wish to apply IP rules to this address, you must add the IP address to the LAN Clients list.
Once the IP address has been added, Port Forwarding and Access Control rules can be
added to this IP address.
To configure LAN Clients, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the LAN Clients link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
From the Select LAN Connection drop-down list, select the LAN group for
which you wish to apply the LAN Client.
Step 3:
To add the LAN Client Address, enter the LAN IP Address in the Enter IP
Address field, e.g. 192.168.1.101.
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Step 4:
Enter the LAN's host name in the Host Name field if required. This is an
optional field.
Step 5:
Enter the MAC address of the LAN Client in the MAC Address field.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings. The IP address is allocated and it
shows up in the list of LAN clients as a Static Type.
Step 7:
To reserve an IP entry, check the Reserve checkbox.
Step 8:
Click the Apply button to apply the amended settings.
Step 9
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the LAN Clients screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Select LAN
Connection
Select the LAN Group to which you are adding the new LAN
client.
Enter IP Address
The IP address of the server / host that you want to use for
Port Forwarding or Access Control must be defined here.
Hostname
An optional hostname can be assigned to the above address.
MAC Address
All MAC addresses of the host can be assigned here.
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8.7
LAN Isolation
LAN Isolation allows you to disable the flow of packets between two LAN groups. This
allows you to secure information in the private portions of the LAN from other publicly
accessible LAN segments.
Follow the steps below to block traffic from one LAN to another using LAN Isolation.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the LAN Isolation link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2: If you wish to disable traffic between LAN groups, check the Disable traffic
between LAN group 1 and LAN group 2 checkbox as required.
Step 3: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 4: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.8
Remote Web Access
The Remote Web Access page allows you to give temporary permission to a user to
access your router from the WAN side. From the moment the account is enabled, the
user is expected to log in within 20 minutes or the account expires. Once the user is
logged in, an inactive session of more than 20 minutes will log the user out and the
account expires.
To enable a temporary user account for remote access, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Remote Web Access link provided. The
following page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable Remote Web Access checkbox to give the account read
and write access to the iConnect625W router.
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Step 3:
Enter a unique user name in the User Name field for the WAN access account
as shown above.
Step 4:
Enter the user password in the Password field for the WAN access account as
shown above.
Step 5:
The default port number in the Port field is 51003. This is the port number to be
opened for the temporary WAN access.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.9
Bridge Filters
The Bridge filtering mechanism enables users to define rules which allow/deny access
through the iConnect625W, via the hardware (MAC Address) of network devices.
The User Interface for Bridge Filter allows the following functionality:
Enabling filter rules;
Adding / Editing / Deleting filter rules.
When bridge filtering is enabled, each frame is examined against every defined filter rule
in sequence. When a match is found, the appropriate filtering action (allow/deny) is
performed.
To enable Bridge Filters, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Bridge Filters link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Check the Enable Bridge Filters checkbox to enable this feature as shown
and click the Apply button.
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Step 3: Check the Bridge Filter Management Interface checkbox as shown below to
enable the Bridge Filter Management Interface field. This ensures that you do
not get locked out of the iConnect625W on the interface of the LAN group
specified in the next two fields.
Step 4: Select the LAN group from the Select LAN drop-down list.
Step 5: Enter the source MAC address in the SRC MAC field. It must be in xx-xx-xx-xxxx-xx format.
Step 6:
Select the source port from the SRC Port drop-down list. You can choose from
Any, Ethernet, WLAN or WAN Bridge Connection Port for the particular bridge,
if available.
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Step 7: Enter the destination MAC address in the Dest MAC field.
Step 8: Select the destination port from the Dest Port drop-down list.
Entering 00-00-00-00-00-00 in the Source or Destination MAC fields means that
ALL MAC addresses are matched.
Step 9: Select the protocol to be filtered from the Protocol drop-down list. You can
choose from the following options: PPPoE Session, PPPoE Discovery, IPXEthernet II, RARP, IPv6, IPv4 and Any.
Step 10: Select the mode from the Mode drop-down list. The options are Allow or Deny.
Step 11: Click the Add button.
A maximum of 20 MAC filter rules can be supported with bridge filtering.
Step 11: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 12: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.9.1
Editing Bridge Filters
Follow the steps below to edit an existing bridge filter.
Step 1:
From the Bridge Filter screen, highlight the Edit radio button from existing
filter rules and edit the rule, as shown below.
Step 2:
Make the required changes to the MAC Address, Protocol and Mode options
and click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 3:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.9.2
Deleting Filter Rules
Follow the steps below to delete an existing bridge filter.
Step 1:
From the Bridge Filter screen, check the Delete checkbox for the rule to be
removed as shown in the image below.
Step 2:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 3:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.10
Dynamic DNS Client
Dynamic DNS allows you to register with a Dynamic DNS provider. Each time you
connect to the Internet, your ISP assigns a different IP address to your iConnect625W
router.
The Dynamic DNS feature allows you to register your iConnect625W router with a DNS
server and access it each time using the same host name. It is useful in web hosting and
FTP services.
To enable Dynamic DNS Client, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Dynamic DNS Client link provided. The
following page appears:
Step 2:
The Connection field is defaulted to the iConnect625W's WAN connection
over which your router will be accessed. Select another connection from the
Connection drop-down list.
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Step 3:
Select the DynDNS for the DDNS Server option. If there are different DDNS
service providers, select the other options provided as shown below.
Step 4:
Check the DDNS Client checkbox to enable the DDNS client feature for the
WAN connection.
Step 5:
Enter your User Name and Password fields using the same user name and
password you have specified during the registration of the DNS hostname.
These fields are mandatory.
Step 6:
Enter the domain name of the DNS server into the Domain Name field.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save/Restart
Menu.
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8.11
IGMP Proxy
The iConnect625W router supports IGMP Proxy that handles IGMP messages. When
enabled, the iConnect625W acts as a proxy for a LAN host making requests to join and
leave multicast groups, or a multicast router sending multicast packets to multicast
groups on the WAN side. Multicasting is useful when the same data needs to be sent to
more than one device.
Multicasting is a form of limited broadcast. UDP is used to send datagrams to all hosts
that belong to what is called a "host group". A host group is a set of one or more hosts
identified by the same destination IP address. The following statements apply to host
groups:
Anyone can join or leave a host group at will;
There are no restrictions on a host's location;
There are no restrictions on the number of members that may belong to a
host group;
Non-group members may send UDP datagrams to the host group.
To enable IGMP Proxy, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the IGMP Proxy link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable IGMP Proxy checkbox to enable IGMP proxy.
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Step 3:
Configure the MyConnection and LAN Group 1 interfaces using the
Upstream, Downstream or Ignore options as shown below.
Step 4:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 5:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the IGMP Proxy screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Checking the Enable IGMP Proxy checkbox allows you to
enable the iConnect625W router to receive multicast traffic for
your available WAN and LAN connections.
Enable IGMP Proxy
Multicast delivers IP packets to a group of hosts on the
network. IGMP is a session layer (Layer 3) protocol used to
establish membership in a Multicast group.
You can configure one of the following options for each WAN
or LAN interface.
Upstream
The interface that IGMP requests from the
hosts is sent to the multicast router.
Downstream
The interface data from the multicast router
are sent to hosts in the multicast group
database.
Ignore
No IGMP request nor data multicast are
forwarded when you select this option.
Interface
MyConnection
Configure using one of the 3 options for your WAN connection:
Upstream, Downstream or Ignore options.
LAN Group 1
Configure using one of the 3 options for your LAN connection:
Upstream, Downstream or Ignore options.
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8.12
Static Routing
If the iConnect625W is connected to more than one network, you may need to set up a
static route between them. A static route is a pre-defined pathway down which network
information must travel to reach a specific host or network.
To enable Static Routing, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Static Routing link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Select a connection type from the Choose a Connection drop-down list.
Step 3:
Enter the new destination IP for the remote LAN network or host to which you
wish to assign a static route in the New Destination IP field.
Step 4:
Enter a subnet mask in the Mask field or leave the default value 255.255.255.0
as it is.
Step 5:
Enter the IP address of the new device to connect to the remote network or
host in the Gateway field.
Step 6:
Enter a metric in the Metric field or leave the default value 0 as it is.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the Static Routing screen fields and their definitions:
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Field
Description
Choose a
Connection
Choose the connection profile from the drop-down list
provided.
New Destination IP
The New Destination IP is the address of the remote LAN
network or host to which you want to assign a static route.
Mask
Enter the subnet mask for the destination network. Use
255.255.255.255 for a host route. The subnet mask identifies
which portion of an IP address is the network portion, and
which portion of an IP address is the host portion.
Gateway
The Gateway IP address should be the IP address of the
gateway device that allows for contact between the gateway
and the remote network or host. The iConnect625W examines
the destination address in the packet header and passes the
packet along to this gateway if the address is within the
specified range. A packet may go through 30 or more routers
in its travels from one host computer to another.
Metric
This field defines the number of hops between network nodes
that data packets travel. Enter the metric value to be assigned
to this static route. If you are unsure, leave the default value of
0 as it is.
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8.13
Dynamic Routing
Dynamic Routing allows the iConnect625W router to automatically adjust to physical
changes in the network. It determines the route through which the package travels based
on the least number of hops between the source and the destination. RIP protocol
regularly broadcasts routing information to other routers on the network.
To enable Dynamic Routing, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Dynamic Routing link provided. The
following page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable RIP checkbox.
Step 3:
From the Protocol drop-down list, select the RIP version as appropriate. The
versions provided are: RIPv1, RIPv2 and RIPv1 Compatible, as shown below.
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The same RIP protocol should be used to enable dynamic routing on all routers
on the network.
Step 4:
Check the Enable Password checkbox as appropriate.
Step 5:
If you have checked Enable Password checkbox, enter a password in the
Password field. This is an optional field for additional security purposes.
Step 6:
Select the Direction for the LAN Group 1 and MyConnection interfaces from
the drop-down list. The options are: None, In, Out and Both.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Dynamic Routing screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Enable RIP
This enables RIP routing on the iConnect625W router.
Protocol
There are three versions of RIP:
1. RIP v1 (UDP Protocol)
2. RIP v2 (multicast protocol)
3. RIP v1-Compatible (UDP Protocol with multicast format)
Routers using RIP v1 or RIP v1-Compatible protocol can talk
to each other, but not to routers using RIP v2 protocol.
Direction determines the means through which RIP routers will
be updated. Select one of the options below.
Direction
In
Selecting In means that the iConnect625W router will
only incorporate received RIP information.
Out
Selecting Out means that the iConnect625W router
will only send out RIP information.
Both
Selecting Both means that the iConnect625W router
will incorporate received RIP information and send
out updated RIP information.
None
Select this option if the function is not required.
Enable Password
Simple password authentication for RIP v2 was defined in RFC
1723. If you intend to use password authentication, you must
enable your password here.
Password
Type the RIPv2 authentication password here. Ensure that all
routers are configured with this password for RIPv2 to work.
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8.14
Policy Database
The Policy Database page enables you to configure policy routing and QoS. Policy
Database involves routing packets on the basis of various fields in the packet. For
example, the current routing algorithms make decisions based on the destination
address, i.e. only the Destination IP Address and subnet mask are supported.
To configure Policy Database, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Policy Database link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Select the incoming traffic interface from the Ingress Interface drop-down list.
The options are: LAN Interfaces, WAN Interfaces, Locally generated and Not
Applicable (N/A).
Step 3:
Select the outgoing connection from the Destination Interface drop-down list.
Step 4:
Enter the DiffServ Code Point in the field provided. This has to be configured
in conjunction with other fields like the Source MAC, IP and Ingress Interface.
Step 5:
Enter the Source IP and netmask addresses in the Source IP and Mask fields.
Step 6:
Select the protocol for the interface from the Protocol drop-down list. The
options are: TCP, UDP, ICMP, None or Specify.
Step 7:
If you have selected the option: Specify in the previous step, you have to enter
the protocol number in the box next to Protocol.
Step 8:
Enter the Source and Destination ports in the respective fields.
Step 9:
Enter the source MAC address into the Source MAC field.
Step 10: Enter the Local Routing Mark field if Locally Generated Ingress Interface was
previously selected.
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Step 11: Select the Class of Service from the drop-down list. The options range from
CoS1 to CoS6.
Step 12: Enter the Destination IP and netmask addresses in the Destination IP and
Mask fields.
Step 13: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 14: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the Policy Database screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Source Information
Ingress Interface
The incoming traffic interface for a Policy Database rule. The
options include LAN Interfaces, WAN Interfaces, Locally
generated (traffic), and Not Applicable.
DiffServ Code Point
The DiffServ Code Point or DSCP value ranges from 1 to 255.
This field cannot be configured alone. Additional fields like IP,
Source MAC and/or Ingress Interface should be configured at
the same time.
Source IP
The IP address of the traffic source,
Mask
This is the Source IP netmask. This field is mandatory if the
Source IP has been entered.
The selections are: TCP, UDP, ICMP, Specify and None. If
you choose Specify, you need to enter the protocol number in
the box next to the Protocol field.
Protocol
This field cannot be configured alone. It has to be configured
along with fields such as the IP, Source MAC and/or Ingress
Interface. In addition, this field is also mandatory if the Source
Port or Destination Port has been entered.
Source Port
This is the source protocol port. You cannot configure this
field without entering the protocol first.
Source MAC
This is the MAC address of the traffic source.
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Field
Description
This field is enabled only when Locally generated is selected
in the Ingress Interface field. The mark for DNS traffic
generated by different applications are described below:
Dynamic DNS: 0xE1
Dynamic Proxy: 0xE2
Web Server: 0xE3
MSNTP: 0xE4
DHCP Server: 0xE5
IP tables Utility: 0xE6
PPP Daemon: 0xE7
Local Routing Mark
IP Route: 0xE8
ATM Library: 0xE9
Net Tools: 0xEA
RIP: 0xEB
RIP v2: 0xEC
UPnP: 0xEE
Busybox Utility: 0xEF
Configuration Manager: 0xF0
DropBear Utility: 0xF1
Voice: 0
Destination Information
Destination Interface
The outgoing traffic interfaces for a Policy Database rule. The
options include LAN Interfaces and WAN Interfaces.
Class of Service
The selections for CoS in order of descending priority are:
CoS1, CoS2, CoS3, CoS4, CoS5, CoS6 and N/A, where
CoS6 has the lowest priority.
Destination IP
The IP address of the traffic destination.
Mask
The netmask for the destination. This field is required if the
destination IP field has been populated.
Destination Port
This is the destination protocol or port range. Similar to the
source port, you cannot configure this field without entering
the protocol first.
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8.15
Ingress
Ingress enables you to configure QoS for packets as soon as they come into the router.
The domain mappings are converted to CoS (Class of Service) so that priority marking is
carried over.
There are four Ingress modes:
Untrusted mode
Layer 2
Layer 3
Static
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8.15.1
Untrusted Mode
Untrusted mode is the default Ingress page setting for all interfaces. In this mode, all
packets are treated as CoS6 (best effort).
To access and configure Untrusted Mode, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Ingress link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the connection from the Interface drop-down list. The options will differ
depending on the connections you have created.
Step 3:
The Ingress Untrusted Mode is the default setting for all the interfaces.
All interfaces that are not configured has the default Untrusted Mode.
Step 4:
If you wish to change from Layer 2 or Layer 3 modes to Untrusted Mode, select
the appropriate radio button and refer to the Save / Restart Menu section to
save the changes made.
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8.15.2
Ingress Layer 2
Layer 2 enables you to map an incoming packet with VLAN priority to CoS. This feature
is only configurable on the WAN interfaces as VLAN is only supported on the WAN side.
To configure Layer 2, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Ingress screen, select the WAN Interface to configure the CoS
incoming traffic from the Interface drop-down list as shown below.
A maximum of 8 rules can be configured for each interface.
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Step 2:
Highlight the Layer 2 radio option. The following page appears:
Step 3:
Select the CoS options from the Class of Service drop-down list as shown.
The selections are in order of descending priority, i.e. CoS6 has the lowest
priority.
For example, if you select CoS1 for Class of Service field and 5 for Priority Bits
field, this means that any packets that have a User Priority bit of 5 is mapped to
CoS1 - the highest priority. This is given to the high priority packets such as
video.
Alternatively, if you select CoS2 in the Class of Service field and 1 in the Priority
Bits field, this meant that any packets that have a User Priority of 1 is mapped
to CoS2, the second highest priority. This is normally given to voice packets.
Step 4:
Select the priority from the User Priority drop-down list. The
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selections are from 0 to 7.
Any User Priority bits that have not been mapped to a CoS is defaulted to CoS6,
the lowest priority.
Step 5:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 6:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.15.3
Ingress Layer 3
The Layer 3 page allows you to map ToS (type of service) bits of incoming packets from
the IP network to CoS for each WAN/LAN interface.
To configure Layer 3, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Ingress screen, select a LAN Interface from the Interface drop-down
list as shown on the screen below.
Step 2:
Highlight the Layer 3 radio option. The following page appears:
Step 3:
Select the CoS1 from the Class of Service drop-down list. The
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selections are in order of descending priority, i.e. CoS6 has the lowest priority.
Step 4:
In the ToS field, if you enter 22 for instance, this means that any incoming
packet from the selected Interface in Step 1 (Layer 3) with a ToS of 22 is
mapped to CoS1, the highest priority. This is normally given to voice packets.
Step 5: Leave the default value CoS1 option in the Default Non-IP drop-down list. This
is the highest priority.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.15.4
Static Configuration
The Static page enables you to configure a static CoS for all packets received on a WAN
or LAN interface.
To configure Static, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Step 2:
From the Ingress screen, select a LAN or WAN Interface from the Interface
drop-down list as shown on the screen below.
Highlight the Static radio option. The following page appears:
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Step 3:
Select the Class of Service from the drop-down list.
Step 4:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 5:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.16
Egress
For packets going out of the router, the markings (CoS) need to be translated to the
mappings understood by the network domains. The reverse CoS and domain mapping is
configured using Egress.
There are 3 Egress modes:
No Egress
Layer 2 - not supported for this version.
Layer 3
8.16.1
No Egress
To access No Egress, follow the step below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Egress link provided. The following page
appears:
The No Egress mode is the default setting for all interfaces. In this mode, the
domain mappings of the packets are untouched.
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8.16.2
Egress Layer 3
The Egress Layer 3 page enables you to map CoS to ToS so that the priority marking of
outgoing packets can be carried over to the IP network.
To configure Egress Layer 3, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Egress link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the interface from the Connection drop-down list to configure QoS for
outgoing traffic to the IP network.
Step 3:
Highlight the Layer 3 radio option. The following page appears:
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Step 4:
Select the CoS value for all unclassified outgoing packets on Layer 3 from the
Default Non-IP drop-down list. The options are between CoS1 to CoS6 and
are in descending order of priority. The default value is CoS1 (recommended).
Some locally generated packets may not have been classified and therefore do
not have a CoS value, such as ARP packets.
Step 5:
Select the CoS from the Class of Service drop-down list. The options are in
descending order of priority.
Step 6:
Enter the ToS value into the Translated ToS field. The type of service takes
value from 1 to 255.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
8.16.3
Resetting Egress Mode
Step 1:
If you are making changes from Layer 3 modes to No Egress mode, click the
Reset button as shown below.
Step 2:
Refer to the Save / Restart Menu section to save your configuration.
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8.17
Shaper
Three Shaper algorithms are supported:
HTB Queue Discipline
Low Latency Queue Discipline
PRIOWRR
8.17.1
HTB Queue Discipline
To enable HTB Queue Discipline, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Shaper link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the interface from the Interface drop-down list.
Step 3:
Check the HTB Queue Discipline checkbox to enable this feature. In the
example below, the MyConnection has a total of 300 kbits of bandwidth, of
which 100 kbits is given to CoS1 and another 100 kbits is given to CoS2. When
there is no CoS1 or CoS2 packets, CoS6 packets have the whole 300 kbits of
bandwidth.
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Step 4:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 5:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
:
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8.17.2
Low Latency Queue Discipline
To enable Low Latency Queue Discipline, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Shaper link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the interface from the Interface drop-down list.
Step 3:
Check the Low Latency Queue Discipline checkbox. The MyConnection
example below has a total of 300 kbits of bandwidth, of which 100 kbits is given
to CoS2 when there is no CoS1 packets. When there is no CoS1 or CoS2
packets, CoS6 packets have the whole 300 kbits of bandwidth.
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CoS1 is not rate-controlled so the field is disabled.
Step 4:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 5:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.17.3
PRIOWRR
PRIOWRR stands for Priority Weighted Round Robin.
To enable PRIOWRR, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the Shaper link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the interface from the Connection drop-down list.
Step 3:
Check the PRIOWRR checkbox to enable it, as shown.
Step 4:
PRIOWRR operates only on the number of packets being transmitted, so the
Max Rate field has been disabled.
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Step 5:
Only percentages can be assigned to CoS2 - CoS6 fields. In the MyConnection
example below, when there are no CoS1 packets, CoS2, CoS3 and CoS4 each
have 10% and CoS6 has 70% as shown in the screen image below. This is
similar to the Low Latency Queue Discipline, except that PRIOWRR is packetbased and the other is rate-based.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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8.18
SSH Access Control
The SSH Access Control feature allows you to access the iConnect625W remotely via
SSH from the WAN side.
To configure SSH Access Control, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Advanced tab, click the SSH Access Control link provided. The
following page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable checkbox.
Step 3:
In the Choose a Connection field, leave the default WAN connection selected.
Step 4:
In the Remote Host IP field, enter the WAN-side IP address that you will use to
access the iConnect625W router. The default setting is 0.0.0.0.
Step 5:
In the Remote Netmask field, enter the netmask of your WAN-side IP address.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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9.
Wireless
The Wireless main page provides access to the following features:
Setup
Configuration
Multiple SSID
Security
Management
WDS
To access the Wireless Main page, click the Wireless tab as shown on the screen below.
Each of the features on the left menu is described in the following sections.
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9.1
Setup
To configure Setup, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Setup link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
The Enable checkbox is enabled by default for the access point (AP).
Step 3:
The default setting for the Primary SSID field is WLAN-AP-625W and you can
assign a unique SSID to your AP, if required.
The maximum number of characters for the SSID field is 32 characters.
Step 4:
The Hidden SSID checkbox is used to enable/disable this feature. When the
hidden SSID is enabled, the SSID is removed from the beacon frames that the
AP transmits. This hides the AP from being seen by any other station.
Step 5:
The VLAN ID applies to the primary SSID. The default value is 0. Enter the
VLAN ID as required.
Step 6:
Next, enter the Channel B/G field. The default channel is 1 but different
domains have different ranges of channels. For example, the FCC default
channel in 2.4 GHz is 11.
Step 7:
Select the 802.11 Mode from the drop-down list. The options are: Mixed
mode, 11b only Mode, 11b+ Mode and 11g only Mode.
Step 8:
Check the User Isolation checkbox if you wish to prevent wireless users from
directly accessing other wireless users.
Step 9:
Check the QoS Support checkbox to enable QoS configuration. The QoS
settings can be found in the table provided below.
Step 10: Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
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Step 11: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the Setup screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Enable AP
Enables / Disables the access point (AP).
Primary SSID
The primary SSID is the primary service set identifier of the
AP. The SSID field allows up to a maximum field length of 32
characters.
Hidden SSID
Enables / Disables the Hidden SSID feature. When the SSID
is removed from the beacon frames that the AP transmits. The
AP will no longer be seen by any other station.
VLAN ID
This is the VLAN ID for the Primary SSID. By default, multiple
SSID is disabled and the VLAN of the primary SSID is 0.
When you enable multiple SSID, you are prompted to change
the VLAN ID of the primary SSID to a unique value between 1
and 4095.
Channel B/G
This is the channel on which the AP and the wireless stations
communicate.
You can select from the following modes:
• Mixed Mode
o Both 802.11b and g modes are supported. The
legacy supported rates information element (SR IE)
contains the 802.11b legacy supported rates and the
additional OFDM supported rates. Extended SR IE
contains the extended support rates, if present.
•
11b Only Mode
o The legacy SR IE contains only the 802.11b legacy
supported rates. The extended SR IE is not present.
•
11b+ Mode
o Similar to the 802.1b-only mode except that 22Mbps
PBCC rate/modulation is included.
•
11g Only Mode
o The legacy SR IE contains only the OFDM additional
supported rates. The extended SR IE contains the
extended rates, if present.
802.11 Mode
4x
Enables / Disables the 4x feature. This function is TI (Texas
Instruments) proprietary and is only available when both TI
wireless station card and TI RG are used.
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Field
Description
User Isolation
When checked, wireless users will not be able to directly
access other wireless users. Access can be controlled by the
AP.
The 3 states of enabling User Isolation feature are:
1. AP disabled basic set (BSS) bridging: Before user
isolation is enabled, the stations can exchange data via
the AP. This is disabled when user isolation is enabled.
2. All data is sent to the WAN.
3. Enable / Disable flag: No station has direct access to
other stations as a result of user isolation.
QoS Support
Please refer to the QoS Settings table provided below.
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9.2
Configuration
The Wireless Configuration page provides the advanced wireless network parameter
settings.
To access and enable Configuration, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Configuration link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
The default value for the time interval between beacon frame transmissions in
the Beacon Period field is set to 100 milliseconds. Modify this value, if
required.
Step 3:
The default value for the Delivery Traffic Identification Map period in the DTIM
field is set to 3. Modify this value, if required.
Step 4:
Enter the Request to Send threshold in the RTS Threshold field. The defaulted
value is 2347.
Step 5:
Enter the Fragmentation Threshold in the Frag Threshold field. The defaulted
value is 2346.
Step 6:
Select the Power Level from the drop-down list. The options are: Full, 75%,
50%, 25% and 6%.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the Configuration screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Beacon Period
This refers to the time interval between beacon frame
transmissions, ranging from 0 - 65535 milliseconds (msec).
The default value of this field is 100 msec.
DTIM Period
DTIM stands for Delivery Traffic Identification Method period.
The number of beacon frame transmissions before frames are
targeted for stations operating in low-power mode will be
transmitted. The default value of this field is 3.
RTS Threshold
RTS stands for Request to Send threshold. It refers to the
number of bytes in a MAC protocol data unit (MPDU) below
which an RTS / CTS handshake will not be performed. The
default value is 2347. However, when 4x is enabled on the
Setup page, the RTS threshold value changes to 4096.
Fragmentation
Threshold
This refers to the minimum length of a frame that will be
fragmented. The default value is 2346. However, when 4x is
enabled on the Setup page, the fragmentation threshold value
changes to 4096.
Multi Domain
Capability
Not Applicable for end users.
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9.3
Multiple SSID
This feature allows you to create multiple SSIDs for the AP. The Multiple SSID features
support up to two SSID classes - one primary and one secondary.
To configure Multiple SSID, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Multiple SSID link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable Multiple SSID checkbox to enable this feature.
Step 3:
Enter the secondary SSID in the Secondary SSID field.
The maximum number of Secondary SSIDs that are supported is 3, in addition
to the Primary SSID.
The maximum number of characters for the Secondary SSID is 32 characters
and it is unique from the Primary SSID.
Step 4:
Enter the VLAN ID in the field provided.
Step 5:
Click the Add button. The Available Secondary SSIDS(s) section appears.
Step 6:
Click the Setup link and change the VLAN ID of the primary SSID to a number
between 1 and 4095.
Step 7:
To delete an SSID, check the applicable SSID, and click Delete button in the
pop-up window.
Step 8:
To delete all the SSIDs, check the Delete All checkbox.
Step 9:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 10: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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9.4
Security
The Security provides 4 wireless network security options for configuration. These
include:
None
WEP
802.1x
WPA
These options will be described in detail as follows.
If you have Multiple SSID enabled, you can assign security to each SSID. There are a
few rules / limitations that you should follow:
WEP cannot be assigned to more than one SSID;
802.1x cannot be assigned to more than one SSID;
WEP and 802.1x cannot both be assigned concurrently to different SSID;
When more than one SSID exists with security enabled, the Authentication type
for WEP cannot be Shared.
9.4.1
No security
To access the wireless Security, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Security link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
The default SSID is WLAN-AP-625W. Select a different SSID as required.
Step 3:
The default wireless network security option is set to None. This means that
no security is used.
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9.4.2
WEP
WEP is a security protocol for WLAN. WEP provides security by encrypting data that is
sent over the WLAN.
To configure wireless security for WEP, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Security link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
If there are multiple SSIDs used, select the Select an SSID and its security
level from the drop-down menu.
Step 3:
Select the WEP protocol from the security options provided. The following
page appears:
Step 4:
Check the Enable WEP Wireless Security checkbox to enable WEP wireless
security for the selected SSID, as shown.
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Step 5:
Select the Authentication Type: Open, Shared or Both. The default setting is
OPEN.
Step 6:
Select the Encryption Key and select Cipher in bits. You will need to enter the
same key for the first time configuration of each station.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table lists the WEP wireless security screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Select an SSID and
its Security Level
If multiple SSID is enabled, use the drop-down menu to select
the SSID that you want to apply wireless security to.
Enable WEP
Wireless Security
Check this field to enable WEP wireless security on the
selected SSID.
This refers to the authentication algorithm to use when the
security configuration is set to Legacy. This field is enabled
when the WEP security field is checked. There are 3 options:
Authentication Type
•
Open (default): In open-system authentication, the
access point accepts any station without verifying its
identity.
•
Shared: Shared key authentication requires a shared
key (WEP encryption key) be distributed to the stations
before attempting authentication.
•
Both: If Both is selected, the access point will perform
shared-key authentication, then open-system
authentication.
Encryption Key
This field is enabled when the WEP security is checked to
identify the key value that is used when the security
configuration is set to WEP. The key length must match the
WEP cipher.
WEP Cipher
This field is enabled when the WEP security is checked. You
can select from 64 bits, 128 bits, and 256 bits - these are the
WEP cipher that is used when the security configuration is set
to WEP. This field is not used when the security configuration
is set to 802.1x and WPA.
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9.4.3
802.1x
802.1x is a security protocol for WLAN. It is a port-based network access control that
keeps the network disconnected until authentication is completed. 802.1x is based on
extensible authentication protocol (EAP). EAP messages from the authenticator to the
authentication server typically use the remote authentication dial-in user server (RADIUS)
protocol.
To configure wireless security for 802.1x, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Step 2:
From the Wireless tab, click the Security link provided. The following page
appears:
Select the 802.1x protocol from the security options provided. The following
page appears:
Step 3:
Enter the IP address of the server under the Server IP Address field.
Step 4:
The default Port is set to 1812. Enter a different port number if
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required.
Step 5:
Enter the secret that the AP shares with the RADIUS server in the Secret field.
Step 6:
Enter the group key interval in seconds in the Group Key Interval field. The
default value is set to 3600.
Step 7:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 8:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the WEP wireless security screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Select an SSID and
its Security Level
If multiple SSID is enabled, use the drop-down menu to select
the SSID that you want to apply wireless security to.
Server IP Address
The IP address of the RADIUS server. This is used for
authentication purposes.
Port
This is the protocol port of the RADIUS server.
Secret
This is the secret that the AP shares with the RADIUS server.
You can enter up to 63 alphanumeric characters.
Group Key Interval
The group key interval that is used to distribute the group key
to 802.1x and WPA stations. The default value of this field is
3600 seconds.
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9.4.4
WPA
WPA is a security protocol for WLAN. WPA uses a sophisticated key hierarchy that
generates new encryption keys each time a mobile device establishes itself with an AP.
Protocols including 802.1X, EAP, and RADIUS are used for strong authentication.
Like WEP, keys can still be entered manually (pre-shared keys); however, using a
RADIUS authentication server provides automatic key generation and enterprise-wide
authentication. WPA uses temporal key integrity protocol (TKIP) for data encryption.
WPA2, also known as 802.11i, uses advanced encryption standard counter mode CBCMAC protocol for data encryption.
To configure WPA wireless security, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Security link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the WPA protocol from the security options provided. The following
page appears:
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Step 3:
The WPA radio option is highlighted by default as shown above. You may
select from 2 other options provided as applicable: WPA2, AnyWPA.
Step 4:
The default Group Key Interval field is set to 3600 seconds. Enter a different
interval time if required.
Step 5:
The Radius Server is the default radio option selected. Select Pre-Shared
Key radio option if a pre-shared secret with the AP is used instead.
Step 6:
Enter the IP address of the Radius Server in the IP Address field.
Step 7:
The default port number is set to 1812. Enter a different port number in the
Port field if required.
Step 8:
Enter the Secret field.
Step 9:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 10: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the WPA wireless security screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Select an SSID and
its Security Level
WPA Options
Description
If multiple SSID is enabled, use the drop-down menu to select
the SSID that you want to apply wireless security to.
WPA
Enables stations that support WPA v.1 to
connect to the AP.
WPA2
Enables stations that support WPA v.2 to
connect to the AP.
Any WPA
Enables stations that support WPA v.1 and
WPA v.2 to connect to the AP.
Enable WPA2 PreAuthentication
Enables / Disables WPA2 pre-authentication. This field is only
activated when WPA2 or AnyWPA is enabled.
Group Key Interval
This value is measured in seconds. The default value is 3600
seconds.
When selected, the WPA stations authenticate with the
RADIUS server using extensible authentication protocol transport layer security (EAP-TLS) over 802.1x.
Radius Server
IP Address
The IP address of the RADIUS server.
Port
The protocol port of the RADIUS server.
Secret
This is the secret that the AP shares with the
RADIUS server. You can enter up to 63
alphanumeric characters into this field.
When selected, the WPA stations do not authenticate with the
RADIUS server using EAP-TLS. Instead, they share a preshared key secret with the AP (ASCII format).
Pre-Shared Key
PSK String
PSK stands for the pre-shared key string. The
PSK string needs to be entered in the first time
configuration of each station. You can enter 8 63 alphanumeric characters in this field.
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9.5
Management
The wireless Management function gives another level of security to your AP. It allows
you to create either an allowed access list or a banned access list and view a list of
stations associated with your access point.
The Associated Stations page allows you to see a list of all the stations associated with
the AP. From this screen, you can ban any station if required.
To configure Management and access Associated Stations, please follow the steps
below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the Management link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Check the Enable Access List checkbox.
Step 3:
Highlight the Allow radio button to create an allowed access list or Ban radio
button to create a banned list.
You cannot select both Allow and Ban; you can only select one option.
Step 4:
Enter a MAC address of an allowed or banned station in the MAC Address
field.
Step 5:
Click the Add button.
Step 6:
Repeat this step for each station you want to add to your access list.
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Step 7:
To view associated stations, click the Associated Stations button. The
following page appears:
Step 8:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 9:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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9.6
WDS
Wireless Distribution System (WDS) is a system that interconnects BSS (Basic Service
Set) to build a premise wide network. BSS are communicating stations on a wireless
LAN.
WDS network allows users of mobile equipment to roam and stay connected to the
available network resources. You can configure your iConnect625W router AP as WDS
mode using the WDS page.
To configure WDS, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Wireless tab, click the WDS link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
Select the WDS Mode option from the drop-down list to enable WDS.
Step 3:
The WDS Name is used to identify the WDS network. It is defaulted to
WDS_TI.
Step 4:
Check the Activate as Root checkbox for the WDS hierarchy to work.
Step 5:
Check the WDS Privacy to use a secured connection between APs in the
WDS network.
WDS Privacy is not supported in Crude mode.
Step 6:
Enter the secret privacy key in the Secret field.
Step 7:
The Uplink checkbox enables the uplink to enter a MAC address to the upper
device in the WDS hierarchy. It cannot be configured if Root is enabled.
Step 8:
Check the Downlink 1 - 4 checkboxes as required. Enter the MAC address of
the lower device in the WDS hierarchy.
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Step 9:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 10: To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
The following table lists the WDS screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
The following WDS modes are available:
•
Bridge: In Bridge mode, the AP BSS is enabled.
•
Repeater: In Repeater mode, the AP BSS is disabled
when connection to the upper layer AP is established.
•
Crude: In Crude mode, the AP BSS service is always
enabled, but the links between APs are configured
statically and are not maintained.
•
Disabled (Default): WDS is inactive.
WDS Mode
In both Bridge and Repeater modes, WDS uses management
protocol to establish and maintain links between APs.
WDS Name
This is the WDS name that identifies the WDS network. The
field takes up to 8 characters. Two or more WDS networks
may exist in the same area.
Activate as Root
This field must be checked for the root device in the WDS
hierarchy. Only one WDS root device may exist in the WDS
network. This field is not applicable for Crude mode.
WDS Privacy
Checking this field commands the WDS manager to use a
secured connection between APs in the WDS network.
Security settings must be the same in all APs in the WDS
network.
Secret
This is the 32-character alphanumeric privacy key.
Uplink
This is the BSS ID of the upper device in the WDS hierarchy.
This uplink cannot be configured if Root is enabled.
Downlink 1
Downlink
Downlink 2
Downlink 3
These are the BSS IDs of the lower device in
the WDS hierarchy connected to this AP. Up to
four downlinks can be configured.
Downlink 4
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10.
Tools
The Tools main page provides access to the following features:
Systems Commands
Remote Log - Router
User Management
Update Gateway
Ping Test
Modem Test
The following sections describe these features in detail.
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10.1
System Commands
Systems Commands allows you to save all your new settings, restart the iConnect625W
router, restart the Wireless Access Point and to restore default configurations.
To access System Commands, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the System Commands link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Read the definitions in the table below for the purpose of each of the System
Commands buttons: Save All, Restart, Restart Access Point and Restore
Defaults.
The following table describes the Systems Commands screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Save All
This command allows you to permanently save the current
configuration of your iConnect625W router. If you restart the
system without saving your configuration, the iConnect625W
reverts to the previously saved configuration.
Restart
This command allows you to restart the system.
Restart Access
Point
This command allows you to restart the wireless AP. It is
important to restart the AP anytime you change your wireless
settings.
Use this command to restore factory default configuration.
Restore Defaults
Connectivity to the unit will be lost. You can
reconnect after the unit reboots.
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10.2
Remote Log
The Remote Log feature is used in conjunction with the PC tool (software provided with
your iConnect625W router). You can select the Log Level, add an IP address and select
a logging destination on the Remote Log page.
The Remote Log feature allows you to forward all logged information to one or more
remote syslog servers. The type of information forwarded to the remote server depends
on the Log Level selected. Each log message is assigned a severity level, which indicates
how seriously the triggering event affects the iConnect625W functions.
When you configure logging, you must specify a severity level. Log Levels that are rated
at that level or higher are sent to the syslog server and can be viewed using the syslog
server application.
To configure the router settings using Remote Log, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the Remote Log - Router link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Select the Log Level from the drop-down options, as shown below. For PPPoE
and PPPoA connections, you can select Debug if you want to log the
connection information. This is helpful when trying to debug connection
problems.
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When you select a log level, all log information within this severity level and
levels above it (i.e. more severe levels) are sent to the remote station.
Step 3:
Enter the IP Address of the remote station, e.g. the syslog server that the log
information is to be sent to.
Step 4:
Click the Add button. This station will be added to the drop-down list of the
Select A Logging Destination field.
Step 5:
Select the Logging Destination. You can edit the logging destination listing
using the Add or Delete buttons.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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The following table describes the Remote Log - Router screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
There are 8 log levels listed in order of severity. The default log
level is Notice.
When you select a log level, all log information within
this severity level and levels above it (i.e. more severe
levels) are sent to the remote station.
Log Level
Panic
System panic or other condition that causes the
iConnect625W router to stop functioning.
Alert
Conditions that require immediate correction, such
as a corrupted system database.
Critical
Critical conditions, such as hard drive errors.
Error
Error conditions that generally have less serious
consequences than errors in the emergency, alert
and critical levels.
Warning
Conditions that require monitoring.
Notice
Conditions that are errors but might require special
handling.
Info
Events or non-error conditions of interest.
Debug
Software debugging message. Specify the level only
when so directed by a technical support
representative.
Add an IP Address
You should enter the IP address of the remote host to which you
want the log information to be forwarded. You can add more IP
addresses and any IP addresses added will appear in the dropdown list of the next field, Select a Logging Destination.
Select a Logging
Destination
You can select a destination IP address to delete. You can
customize the destination using the Add or Delete button.
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10.3
User Management
The User Management feature allows you to change your login and password details and
to define the idle timeout lapse time.
To access and make changes in the User Management page, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the User Management link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Your default user name is root. Enter a new user name in the User Name field,
if required.
Step 3:
Your default password is øP3N (zero-P-three-N). Enter a new password in the
Password field, if required.
If you have forgotten your password, you may press and hold the Reset button
located at the back of your router for 10 seconds or more. The iConnect625W
router will reset to its factory default configuration and all custom
configurations will be lost.
Step 4:
Enter your new password again in the Confirmed Password field.
Step 5:
The default Idle Timeout field is 30 minutes. You will have to log back into the
iConnect625W router after your session has been inactive for 30 minutes. You
can amend the timeout period in the field, if required.
Step 6:
Click the Apply button to apply the settings.
Step 7:
To save your configuration, please refer to the section under Save / Restart
Menu.
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10.4
Update Gateway
The Update Gateway page allows you to update the iConnect625W router's firmware and
configuration files.
To upload and download configuration files and firmware for your iConnect625W router
using Update Gateway, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the Update Gateway link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2: Upload Firmware: click the Browse button and select the location of the
firmware file to be uploaded, e.g. 'C:\Program Files\firmware v1.1'.
The file size should not exceed 3.5MB as specified on the Update Gateway
screen.
Step 3:
Click the Update Gateway button. The status of the uploading appears at the
bottom of the page. When the upload is completed, the iConnect625W router
reboots and you are prompted to log in again.
Step 4:
Get Configuration: Click the Get Configuration button. The following
dialogue box appears. Click the Save button to download the configuration file.
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Step 5:
Upload Configuration: Follow Step 1 above to select the configuration file to
upload. Click the Update Gateway button to upload the configuration file. The
status of the uploading appears at the bottom of the page. When the upload is
completed, the iConnect625W router reboots and you are prompted to log in
again.
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10.5
Ping Test
Once the iConnect625W router has been configured, it is a good idea to make sure that
you can ping the network. If you can ping an IP on the WAN side successfully, you should
be able to surf the Internet.
To perform a Ping Test, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the Ping Test link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2: Change or leave the default settings of the following fields:
Enter the IP Address to Ping field where default setting is 192.168.1.254.
This is the WAN-side IP address that you want to ping;
Packet Size field where the default settings is 32 bytes. You can define the
packet size of the ping test;
Number of Echo Requests field where the default settings is 3. You can
define how many times the IP address will be pinged.
Step 3:
Click the Test button. The ping results are displayed in the box shown on the
page. If the ping test was successful, it means that the TCP/IP protocol is up
and running. If the ping test failed, you should restart the iConnect625W router.
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10.6
Modem Test
The Modem Test feature is used to check the connectivity to the WAN. There are four
test types: F4 End, F4 Seg, F5 End, F5 Seg. Each of these types may take a few
seconds to complete. In order for the test to work, at least one WAN connection must be
configured and a valid DSL link is available. If the DSL link is not connected, the test will
fail.
The OAM (operation, administration and maintenance) loopback cells (F4/F5) are used to
verify the connection between the iConnect625W and the ATM network. For the
iConnect625W, OAM loopback provides a valuable tool for diagnosing problems with the
DSL line. The two main purposes of the F4/F5 cells are:
Fault Management (detection and notification);
Loopback testing and link integrity
The ATM OAM is divided into several levels:
F4: VP Level
o OAM information flows between network elements (NEs) used within
virtual paths to report an unavailable path or virtual path (VP) that cannot
be guaranteed. Segment flows are processed, as well as end-to-end
flows that terminate in the management processor.
F5: VC Level
o OAM information flows between network elements (NEs) used within
virtual connections to report degraded virtual channel (VC) performance
such as late arriving cells, lost cells and cell insertion problems.
Segment flows are processed, as well as end-to-end flows that terminate
in the management processor.
Both F4 and F5 flows can be configured as one of the test types:
Segment
o This test verifies that ATM continuity exists between the virtual channel
link segments from the iConnect625W router to the DSL provider
network (typically this is a DSLAM at the DSL provider site). DSLAM
stands for Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer.
End-to-End
o This test verifies ATM continuity exists of the virtual channel link with the
ATM endpoint, such as a remote broadband access router located at the
DSL provider or ISP site.
Before you attempt any of these modem tests, ensure the following:
Your DSL Provider / ISP supports them;
You have a valid DSL link.
To perform a modem test, follow the steps below.
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Step 1:
From the Tools tab, click the Modem Test link provided. The following page
appears:
Step 2: Select the Connection you want to test and the Test Type.
You will not be able to perform a modem test without any WAN connections
configured.
Step 3:
Click the Test button. The modem test results are displayed on the page.
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The following table describes the Modem Test Types and their definitions:
Field
Description
There are 4 Test Types available.
Test Type
F5 End
Connectivity to the BRAS server can be verified by
initiating an F5 Seg loopback via the DSLAM and to
the authentication server. A DLSAM is a mechanism
at the service provider's central location that links
many customer DSL connections to a single-speed
ATM line.
F5 Seg
Lost and corrupted ATM cells can be quickly ruled
out in the field by initiating a F5 Seg loopback (also
known as ATM ping) to the DSLAM and have the
DSLAM respond by looping back the OAM cells. By
ruling out problems with the ATM Layer, the service
provider can then focus on examining higher layer
protocols and other configurations to isolate the
problem.
F4 Seg
Segment - the end of the connection segment.
F4 End
End-to-End - the end of t a VC/VP connection where
the ATM cells are terminated.
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11.
Status
The Status tab of the iConnect625W web interface allows you to view the status and
statistics of different connections and interfaces. This page provides access to the
following status pages:
Network Statistics;
Connection Status;
DDNS Update Status;
DHCP Clients;
QOS-TCA NTCA Status;
Modem Status;
Production Information;
System Log;
WDS Report
Each of the features under the Status Tab is described in the following sections.
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11.1
Network Statistics
The Network Statistics page shows you details of transmitted and received packets for
your Ethernet and DSL connections, along with any collisions or errors.
From the Ethernet Network Statistics screen, you can view the network statistics of the
following interfaces by clicking the appropriate radio button at the top of the screen:
Ethernet;
DSL;
Wireless.
To access and view the Network Statistics screen and interfaces, follow the steps in the
four sections below.
11.1.1
Ethernet Statistics
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the Network Statistics link. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
The default setting for the Network Statistics interface is Ethernet.
Step 3:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details of the network statistics.
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11.1.2
DSL Statistics
Step 1:
From the Network Statistics page, highlight the DSL interface radio button to
view the DSL network statistics. The following page appears:
Step 2:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details the DSL network
statistics.
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11.1.3
Wireless Statistics
Step 1:
From the Network Statistics page, highlight the Wireless radio button to view
the Wireless network statistics. The following page appears:
Step 2:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details for the Wireless network
statistics.
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11.2
Connection Status
The Connection Status screen displays a status summary of the ADSL connection.
To view the Connection Status, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the Connection Status link. The following page
appears:
The following table describes the Modem Test Types and their definitions:
Field
Description
Description
This is the name of the connected ADSL profile.
Type
This is the authentication type of the ADSL connection. E.g.:
PPPoE, PPPoA, Static.
IP
The WAN IP Address is displayed here when the connection is
established.
State
The ADSL connection status is displayed here. This is the
connection between your iConnect625W and the DSLAM at your
ISP. In normal operation, this must be connected.
Online
This is the duration of the Internet connection time for the
connection Type specified.
Disconnect
Reason
If the connection is not active, the reason for disconnection is
displayed here.
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11.3
DDNS Update Status
DDNS stands for Dynamic Domain Name System. It provides you with a view of your
WAN connection and the DDNS update status of your iConnect625W.
To view the DDNS update status of your iConnect625W router, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the DDNS Update Status link. The following page
appears:
Step 2:
As shown on the screen above, the DDNS is disabled by default for your
iConnect625W router. To enable DDNS, refer to the section on Dynamic DNS
Client. When the DDNS client is enabled, the DDNS client updates every time
the iConnect625W router gets a new IP address.
Step 3:
Select the DDNS server from a list of DDNS service providers. The status and
error description (if any) will be displayed.
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The following table describes the DDNS Status fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Connection
This field defaults to your iConnect625W's WAN connection over
which your router can be accessed.
DDNS Server
This is where you select the server from different DDNS service
providers. Only DynDNS and TZO are supported.
The status could be one of the following:
Status
Error Description
Updated
The IP address of the client has been
changed and an update has been sent to the
DDNS server.
No Change
The IP address of the client has not changed.
Error
There is an error with the DDNS update.
If the DDNS update status is Error, this field gives a description
of the error.
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11.4
DHCP Clients
If you have enabled the DHCP server, you can view a list of the DHCP clients on your
LAN from the DHCP Clients page.
To view DHCP Clients, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the DHCP Clients link. The following page appears:
Step 2:
From the Select LAN drop-down list, select the LAN group whose DHCP
details you wish to view.
Step 3:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details. The following
information of the DHCP LAN clients is displayed:
MAC Address
IP Address
Host Name
Lease Time
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11.5
QoS-TCA NTCA Status
To view QoS-TCA NTCA Status, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the QoS-TCA NTCA Status link. The following page
appears:
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11.6
Modem Status
The Modem Status page provides the status and statistics of your broadband (DSL)
connection.
To view Modem Status, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Step 2:
Click the Status tab and the Modem Status link. The following page appears:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details.
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11.6
Product Information
You can verify product information such as the model, driver, hardware and software
versions in the Product Information area of the web interface.
To view the Product Information page, follow the step below.
Step 1:
Click the Status tab and the Product Information link. The following page
appears:
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11.7
System Log
You can view all logged information in the System Log area of the web interface. This
page allows you to view all logged information.
Depending on the severity level, the logged information generates log reports to a remote
host (if remote logging is enabled). Up to 32 logs can be displayed on this page.
To view the System Log page, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Step 2:
Click the Status tab and the System Log link. The following page appears:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details.
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11.9
WDS Report
The WDS report allows you to view the following WDS-related wireless activities of your
iConnect625W router:
WDS configuration and states;
WDS management statistics;
WDS database
To view the WDS Report page, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Step 2:
Click the Status tab and the WDS Report link. The following page appears:
Click the Refresh button to update the screen details.
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12.
Help
The Help tab allows you to access the various Help sections for the following:
Firewall
Bridge Filters
LAN Clients
LAN Group Configuration
PPP Connnection
UPnP
RIP
QoS
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13.
Save / Restart Menu
The Save / Restart Menu link on the left menu is the same page as that of Systems
Commands. It allows you to save all your new settings, restart the iConnect625W router,
restart the Wireless Access Point and to restore default configurations.
To access Save/Restart Menu, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
From the left menu, click the Save/Restart Menu link provided. The following
page appears:
Step 2:
Click the Save All button to save the configurations made. A message dialogue
box appears. Click the OK button to save your configurations permanently.
Step 3:
Click the Restart button if you wish to restart the router.
Step 4:
Read the definitions in the table below for the purpose of each of the System
Commands buttons: Save All, Restart, Restart Access Point and Restore
Defaults.
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The following table describes the Save/Restart Menu screen fields and their definitions:
Field
Description
Save All
This command allows you to permanently save the current
configuration of your iConnect625W router. If you restart the
system without saving your configuration, the iConnect625W
reverts to the previously saved configuration.
Restart
This command allows you to restart the system. If you have
not saved your configurations
Restart Access
Point
This command allows you to restart the wireless AP. It is
important to restart the AP anytime you change your wireless
settings.
Use this command to restore factory default configuration.
Restore Defaults
Connectivity to the unit will be lost. You can
reconnect after the unit reboots.
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14.
Log Out
After you have completed configuring your iConnect625W router, you may log out of the
router.
To Log Out, follow the steps below.
Step 1:
Before you log out of the router, ensure that you have saved any changes
made.
Step 2:
Click the Log Out link on the left menu. The following page appears with the
message prompt: Are you sure you want to Log Out?
Step 3:
Click the Log Out button to exit, or click the Cancel button to return to the
main menu.
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15.
Troubleshooting
If the router is not functioning properly, first check this chapter for simple troubleshooting
before contacting your service provider.
15.1
Problems starting up the router
Problem
Corrective Action
None of the LEDs Check the connection between the adaptor and the router. If the
are on when you error persists, you may have a hardware problem. In this case you
turn on the router. should contact technical support.
You have
forgotten your
router login
and/or password.
15.2
Try the default login and password by referring to Section 3. If this
fails, you can restore your router to its factory settings by holding the
Reset button on the back of your router for more than 6 seconds.
Problems with the WAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Initialization of
the PVC
connection
(“linesync”)
failed.
Ensure that the telephone cable is connected properly from the
ADSL port to the wall jack. The ADSL LED on the front panel of the
router should be on. Check that your VPI, VCI, encapsulation type
and type of multiplexing settings are the same as those provided by
your ISP. Reboot the router. If you still have problems, you may
need to verify these settings with your ISP.
Frequent loss of
ADSL linesync
(disconnections).
Ensure that all other devices connected to the same telephone line
as your router (e.g. telephones, fax machines, analogue modems)
have a line filter connected between them and the wall socket
(unless you are using a Central Splitter or Central Filter installed by
a qualified and licensed electrician), and ensure that all line filters
are correctly installed and the right way around. Missing line filters
or line filters installed the wrong way around can cause problems
with your ADSL connection, including causing frequent
disconnections.
15.3
Problems with the LAN Interface
Problem
Corrective Action
Cannot ping any
computers on the
LAN.
Check the Ethernet LEDs on the front panel. The LED should be on
for a port that has a computer connected. If it is off, check the
cables between your router and the computer. Make sure you have
uninstalled any software firewall for troubleshooting.
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16.
Glossary Table
Term
ADSL
ANSI
AP
ARP
ATM
BRAS
BSS
CDVT
CHAP
CoS
DDNS
DHCP
DMZ
DNS
DoS
DSCP
DSLAM
DTIM
EAP
HTTP
ICMP
IGMP
IP
ISP
LAN
LED
LLC
MAC
MBS
MBPS
MTU
NAT
PAP
PCR
PPP
PPPoA
PPPoE
PPTP
PRIOWRR
PVC
QoS
RFC
RIP
SCR
SNMP
SNTP
SPI
SR IE
SSID
TCP/IP
TKIP
ToS
Definition
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
American National Standards Institute
Access Point
Address Resolution Protocol
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
Broadband Routing Authentication Service
Basic Service Set
Cell Relay Variation Tolerance
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol
Class of Service
Dynamic Domain Name System
Dynamic Host Control Protocol
Demilitarized Zone
Domain Name System
Denial of Service
Differentiated Service Code Protocol
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
Delivery Traffic Identification Map
Extensible Authentication Protocol
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Internet Control Message Protocol
Internet Group Management Protocol
Internet Protocol
Internet Service Provider
Local Area Network
Light Emitting Diode
Logical Link Control
Media Access Control
Maximum Burst Size
Megabits per second
Maximum Transmission Unit
Network Address Translation
Password Authentication Protocol
Peak Cell Rate
Point-To-Point Protocol
Point-To-Point Protocol over ATM
Point-To-Point Protocol over Ethernet
Point-To-Point Tunnelling Protocol
Priority Weighted Round Robin
Permanent Virtual Circuit
Quality of Service
Request for Comments
Routing Information Protocol
Sustained Cell Rate
Simple Network Management Protocol
Simple Network Time Protocol
Stateful Packet Installation
Supported Rate Information Element
Service Set Identification
Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
Temporal Key Integrity Protocol
Type of Services
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Term
UDP
UPnP
VAD
VC
VCI
VLAN
VoIP
VP
VPI
WAN
WDS
WEP
WLAN
WPA
Definition
User Datagram Protocol
Universal Plug and Play
Voice Activity Detection
Virtual Circuit
Virtual Channel Identifier
Virtual Local Area Network
Voice Over Internet Protocol
Virtual Path
Virtual Path Identifier
Wide Area Network
Wireless Distribution System
Wireless Equivalent Privacy
Wireless Local Area Network
Wi-Fi Protected Access
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