Online UPS User Manual
User Manual
Online UPS
208V 7.5K-60KVA
400V 10K-200KVA
Uninterruptible Power Supply System
GENERAL INDEX
1.
INTRODUCTION.
1.1
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT LET TER.
2.
INFORMATION FOR SAFETY.
2.1.
2.1.1.
2.1.2.
2.2.
2.2.1.
2.2.2.
2.2.3.
USING THIS MANUAL.
Conventions and used symbols.
For more information and/or help.
SAFET Y INSTRUCTIONS.
To keep in mind.
General safety warnings.
Safety warnings regarding batteries.
3.
STANDARD AND QUALITY GUARANTEE.
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
DECLARATION OF THE MANAGEMENT.
STANDARD.
ENVIRONMENT.
4.
PRESENTATION.
5.1.4.6. Access to inside the cabinet for its connection.
5.2. CONNECTION.
5.2.1. Connection to mains, terminals (X1 to X4).
5.2.2. Connection of separate static bypass line, terminals (X14 a X17).
UPS B version only.
5.2.3. Connection to the output, terminals (X6 to X9).
5.2.4. Connection to the battery terminals of the equipment (X11, X12
and X23), with the battery modules (X47, X48 and X49).
5.2.5. Connection to the input main protecting earth terminal (X5) and
the earth bonding terminal (X10) .
5.2.6. Relay COM port. Connector (X32).
5.2.7. RS-232 and RS-485 COM ports. Connector (X31).
5.2.8. EPO terminals (X50).
5.2.9. Auxiliary contact and battery temperature probe terminal strip.
5.2.9.1. Terminal strip, auxiliary contact of manual bypass switch (X51).
5.2.9.2.Terminal strip, auxiliary contact of output switch (X45).
5.2.9.3.Terminal strip, battery temperature probe (X34). For batteries in a
separate cabinet only.
5.2.10. Connection of parallel BUS (X36i) and (X36o).
5.2.10.1. Connection of the communication or BUS bundle (BC).
4.1.
VIEWS.
4.1.1. Views of the equipment.
4.1.2 Legend corresponding to the equipment views.
4.2. DEFINITION AND STRUCTURE.
4.2.1. Structural diagram.
4.3. UPS FUNCTION STAGES.
4.3.1. I/O EMI filters.
4.3.2. Rectifier-PFC stage (AC/DC).
4.3.3. Batteries.
4.3.4. Inverter stage (DC/AC).
4.3.5. Static bypass stage.
4.3.6. Maintenance or manual Bypass.
4.3.7. Terminals for EPO.
4.3.8. Control panel.
4.3.9. Control software and communications.
4.3.9.1. Control software at low level.
4.3.9.2.Managing software of the equipment.
4.3.9.3. Communications.
4.4. OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF AN EQUIPMENT.
4.4.1. Normal operating ().
4.4.2. Mains fault operating ().
4.4.3. Operating with non-active inverter ().
4.4.4. Manual bypass operating ().
4.4.5. Smart Eco-mode operating.
4.4.6. Frequency converter operating.
4.5. OPERATING STRUCTURE OF A PARALLEL SYSTEM.
6.
5.
INSTALLATION.
5.1.
RECEPTION OF THE EQUIPMENT.
5.1.1. Reception, packaging and contents.
5.1.2. Storage.
5.1.3. Transport until its location.
5.1.4. Location, immobilised and considerations.
5.1.4.1. Location for single equipments.
5.1.4.2. Location for parallel systems.
5.1.4.3. Equipment immobilized and levelled.
5.1.4.4. Preliminary considerations before connecting.
5.1.4.5. Preliminary considerations before connecting, as regards to
batteries and protections.
OPERATING.
6.1.
PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS.
6.2. START UP.
6.2.1. Control before start up.
6.2.2. Start up procedure.
6.2.2.1 Take into consideration about Master and Slave
6.3
SHUTDOWN OF ONE EQUIPMENT OF THE SYSTEM
6.4
START UP THE PREVIOUS UPS AGAIN
6.5.
COMPLETE SHUTDOWN OF UPS
6.6.
EMERGENCY POWER OFF(EPO) OPERATION.
6.7.
BYPASS MANUAL SWITCH (MAINTENANCE).
6.7.1. Principle of operation.
6.7.2. Transfer to maintenance bypass.
6.7.3. Transfer to normal operation.
7.
DESCRIPTION OF THE CONTROL PANEL.
7.1.
7.2.
7.2.1.
7.3.
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3.
7.3.4.
7.3.5.
7.3.6.
CONTROL PANEL PARTS.
BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE SYNOPTIC KEYPAD.
Messages menus and classification of the submenus.
SCREEN DESCRIPTION.
Main level (screen menu 0.0). See fig. 42
“Control & Status of the unit” level (screen menu 1.0). See fig.43
‘‘Measures’’ level (screen menu 2.0).
‘‘Settings” level (screen menu 3.0). See fig. 45.
‘‘Alarms’’ level (screen menu 4.0). See fig. 48.
“Data logger” level (screen menu 5.0). See fig. 49.
8.
MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND SERVICE.
8.1.
8.1.1.
8.1.2.
8.1.3.
8.1.4.
8.2.
8.2.1.
8.2.2.
BASIC MAINTENANCE GUIDE.
Battery fuses.
Batteries.
Fans.
Capacitors.
WARRANT Y CONDITIONS.
Warranty terms.
Out of the scope of supply.
8.2. WARRANT Y CONDITIONS.
8.2.1. Warranty terms.
8.2.2. Out of the scope of supply.
9.
ANNEXES.
9.1.
9.2.
9.2.
PARTICULAR SPECIFICATIONS, EQUIPMENTS (LV).
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS, EQUIPMENTS (HV).
GLOSSARY.
1. INTRODUCTION.
2. INFORMATION FOR SAFETY.
1.1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT LETTER.
2.1.
USING THIS MANUAL
The purpose of this manual or publication is to provide information
regarding the safety and to give explanations about the procedures for
the transport, installation and operating of the equipment.
Read this manual carefully before starting or making any action on the
equipment and specially in those instructions regarding safety.
Keep this document for future consults and keep it on hand during
the installation and commissioning procedures.
In the next pages, the «equipment» or «unit» and «(S.T.S.)» terms,
are referred to the Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) and Service
and Technical Support respectively.
We would like to thank you in advance for the trust you have placed
in us by purchasing this product. Read this instruction manual carefully in order to be familiar with its contents, because as much you
understand and know the equipment, the higher will be the
satisfaction degree, safety level and functionality optimization.
We remain at you entire disposal for any further information or any
query you should wish to make.
Yours sincerely.
2.1.1. Conventions and used symbols.
Some of the symbols can be used and shown in the equipment,
batteries and/or in the description of this document. It is advisable
to understand their meaning.
The equipment here described can cause important
physical damages due to wrong handling. This is why,
the installation, maintenance and/or fixing of the here
described equipment must be done by our staff or
specifically authorized.
Although no effort has been spared to guarantee that the
information in this manual is complete and accurate, we are
not responsible of any errors or omissions that may exist.
The images included in this document are for mere
illustration and may not accurate represent the parts of the
equip- ment showed. However, the differences that may
arise will be smoothed or solved with the correct labelling on
the unit.
According to our policy of constant evolution, we reserve
the right to modify the specifications, operating or
described actions in this document without
forewarning.
All reproduction, copy, third party concession,
modification or part or total translation of this
manual or document, in any form or medium, without the
previous written authorization of our firm, it is
prohibited, reserving of the complete and exclusive
property right over itself.
«Danger of electrical discharge» symbol. Pay special
attention to this symbol, because it has features and basic
safety informations for persons. To not respect these
indications can result in serious injuries or even the death
due to electrical discharges.
«Warning» symbol. Carefully pay attention to this symbol,
because it has features and basic safety informations for
persons and things. To not respect these indications can
cause damages in the own equipment, installation or loads.
«Warning» symbol. The electrolyte corrodes the metals,
and when it is in contact with humans is harmful and it is
also a big contaminant for the environment.
Never touch the spilled electrolyte of the deposited rests in the
batteries and its surrounding with bare hands. Under no
circumstances, it has not to be ingested or in contact with the
eyes.
In case of accidental spillage act accordingly for its
collection, in accordance with the protocol of your company.
«Explosion» risk. Batteries emits explosive gases during its
charge, risk of explosion exists with a short-circuit or fire. Do
not leave conductive parts over the battery terminals, high risk
of short-circuit and explosion can happens if there were
accumulated gases inside the equipment or battery enclosure.
Attention! Danger of tipping during transport on inclined
areas and when removing battery trays without prior
stabilizing the unit. Do not pull out more than one tray at
the same time, high risk of serious injury to the operator as
a result of the impact of the possible fall down of the
equipment and / or entrapment.
Precaution! Fan blades in operation or fans can be started
up automatically suddenly.
Attention! Hot or very hot surface, elements or parts.
Possible burns due to the temperature.
1
Direct current d.c..
Never touch or manipulate the components of the
electronic PCB with the hands and without any protection
against electrostatic discharges (ESD). They are highly
destructive for most of the parts and they can cause
expensive breakdown.
2.1.2. For more information and/or help.
For more information and/or help of your specific unit, request it to
our Service and Technical Support (S.T.S.).
«Main protective earthing terminal» symbol. Connect the
earth cable coming from the installation to this terminal.
«Earth bonding terminal» symbol. Connect the earth
cable coming from the load and the external battery cabinet
to this terminal.
2.2.
SAFET Y INSTRUCTIONS.
• Check the data of the nameplate are the required by the installation.
•
Never forget that the UPS is an electrical energy
generator, so the end-user must take all the needed
cautions against direct and indirect contact.
Its power supply lies in the batteries, a part from AC mains,
which can be included or not in the same case or cabinet of the
electronic parts of the equipment depending on the model and/
or extended autonomies.
When the equipment is ON, if batteries are connected to the
equipment and it protections, if any, are turned “On”, the fact that
the UPS is connected or not to mains is irrelevant, as well as the
status of the own protections of mains. The outlets or output
terminals will supply voltage meanwhile there is energy in the
battery set.
•
Compliance as regards to “Safety instructions“ is
mandatory, being the user the legal responsible
regarding to its observance and application. Read them carefully and
follow the stated steps in the established order, keep them for
future consults that may arise.
•
If the instructions are not in total or partial understood
and in special those ones referred to safety, do not
carry on with the installation or commissioning tasks, because there
could be a risk on your or on the other/s persons safety, being
able to make serious injuries even the death, also it can cause
damages to the equipment and/or loads and installation.
•
The local electrical regulations and the different
restrictions of the client’s site can invalidate some
recommendations included in the manuals. When discrepancies
exist, the user has to comply with the local regulations.
•
This equipment must be installed by qualified
personnel and it can be used by personnel with
no specific training, just only with the help of this
manual.
A person is defined as qualified, if he has experience in
assembling, commissioning and perfect control operating of the
equipment, if he has the requirements to do the job and if he has
read and understand all the things described in this manual, in
particular the safety indications. Such preparation is considered
valid if it is certified by our (S.T.S.) only.
• Warning labels has to be placed in all primary switches, installed in
areas far way from the equipment, in order to warn the electrical
maintenance personnel of the presence of a UPS in the circuit.
The label shall contain the following text or an equivalent one:
«Notes of information» symbol. Additional topics that
complement the basic procedures. These instructions are
important for the equipment use and its optimum efficiency.
It is mandatory the use of insulated gloves to prevent possible
electrical discharges, when manipulating the connections and
especially those related to batteries.
It is mandatory the use of insulated shoe to prevent possible
electrical discharges, when manipulating the connections and
especially those related to batteries.
It is mandatory the use of protection glasses, tight and
appropriate work clothes, without hanging parts.
Obligation of turning off the equipment power supply or
loads connected at the output.
Read carefully the instruction manual concerning its use.
Smoking, fire or any actions that makes sparks around the
batteries are prohibited.
To pull from connection cables is prohibited. Use the suitable
mediums to free the connections from terminals.
To touch with bare hands is prohibited. Risk of electric shock
when coming into contact with low potential parts. To open,
manipulate inside the equipment and/or terminals and
battery connections are prohibited for non-authorised and
non-qualified personnel.
To turn randomly the switches or protections is prohibited.
All manoeuvres will be done as it is described in the
instruction manual.
In case the acid of the batteries enters in contact with parts
of the body, wash with plenty of water and go to the nearest
medical service.
Preservation of the environment: The presence of this
symbol in the product or in their associated documentation
states that, when its useful life is expired, it will not be
disposed together with the domestic residuals. In order to
avoid possible damages to the Environment, separate this
product from other residuals and recycle it suitably. The users
can contact with their provider or with the pertinent local
authorities to be informed on how and where they can take the
product to be recycled and/or disposed correctly.
Before operating in the circuit.
Isolate the Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS).
Check the voltage in all terminals, including the
earth main protective earth.
Any packaging material must be recycled in accordance
with the legal norms applicable to each country where the
equipment is installed.
Alternating current a.c..
Risk of UPS backfeed voltage.
2
•
installation task.
• Do not store, install or expose the equipment in corrosive,
wets, warms, dusty or with conductive parts environments and
never outdoors.
Installation location will be cooled, dry and far from heat
sources and with easy access. If possible in an environment
with temperature control.
• Avoid to locate, install or store the equipment in places with
direct sunlight or high temperatures. Batteries can be damaged
and/or make shorter its useful lifetime.
In the exceptional and long exposition case to intense heat, batteries can cause filtrations, overheating or explosions, which
can cause fires, burn or other injuries. High temperatures can
also make deformation in the plastic enclosure.
• Do not obstruct the cooling grids by entering objects through
themselves or other orifices.
• Locate the equipment as close as to the power supply outlet
and loads to supply, leaving an easy access if it were needed an
urgent disconnection.
• All models with casters have four leveller parts -feet-, which are
located at each corner of the base, with the purpose of locking
and level the unit.
Loosen them with the hand until they stop with the ground.
With the help of a spanner, act on each one and loosen
them half round more against the ground.
In grounds slightly uneven, level the equipment by means of
these leveller parts.
Check that the equipment is completely immobilized.
Fortuitous pulls of the connection cables of the equipment
will indirectly be avoided, because unexpected movements
will not happen.
• Even though the interventions inside of the equipment, battery
cabinet and battery manipulation is a task reserved to
personnel with specific or qualified knowledge only and in
par- ticular to (S.S.T.), it is mandatory to immobilize the
equipment by means of the levellers parts -feet- stated in the
previous point, before doing any action.
Attention! Risk of tipping when removing the battery
trays without stabilising the unit first.
Do not remove more than one tray together, high risk of injury
over the operators due to shock of the possible equipment fall
down and/or entrapment.
• Leave a minimum free space to cool the unit of:
25 cm at both sides.
50 cm at the rear side.
100 cm at the top side.
and 150 cm at the front side.
• It is recommended to leave an additional 75cm at both sides,
for possible interventions of the (S.T.S.) or the needed
clearance of the connection cables to facilitate the forward
movement of the equipment.
• Do not cut, deteriorate or manipulate the electrical cables,
neither put heavy objects over them. Any of these actions
could cause a short-circuit and make a fire or electrical
discharge.
Check that the electrical cables of connection, plugs and outlets
are in good conditions.
To manipulate over the connection terminals of the
equipment, which has been already connected to mains,
wait for five minutes after its complete isolation, before taking
any action in it.
2.2.1.
To keep in mind.
• The UPS is supplied packaged from factory in the best way for
its transport and shipment till its new owner or receiver. It is
recommended to transport it packaged as close as possible to
its final location.
• When serious damages are observed in the packaging, and due
to its level of deterioration damages can be sensed in the
contents and/or the shock indicator is in RED, proceed
according to the instructions stated in the own label of
transport control.
Keep the affected equipment isolated from other received
equipments, waiting the pending inspection by qualified staff.
In case it were needed to return it back to the factory or your
distributor and it were not possible to use the same packaging
due to the poor conditions of itself, contact with the appropriate
person in order to agree the way and conditions for its return.
• Respect the unpacking instructions, as well as the established
mode to remove the equipment from the pallet.
These operations require the work of at least two persons.
• The equipment has to be in vertical position always.
When moving the equipment, consider the slope of the
ground or surface and the risk of tipping.
• Be careful to not lift heavy loads without help, according to the
following recommendations:
, < 18 kg.
, 18 - 32 kg.
, 32 - 55 kg.
, > 55 kg.
•
In case of an accidental equipment dropping or if the
enclosure is damaged, do not start it up under any concept.
This kind of fault can cause fire or electrical discharge.
Contact with our (S.T.S.).
• Some models include casters to move it till its location. They
are not designed for long distances or constant movements.
The equipments shall be guided by two persons as minimum,
which will be placed on either side and oriented to the walking
direction.
• UPSs are electronic equipments. Avoid jolting or bouncing like
those produced by moving the equipment over an uneven or
wavy surface.
• When moving an equipment from a cold place to a warm
environment and vice versa, it can cause condensation (small
water drops) in the external and internal surfaces. Before
installing a moved equipment from another place or even
packaged, the equipment will be left for a minimum time of
two hours in the new location before making any action, with
the purpose of adapting it to the new environmental conditions
and avoid the possible condensations.
The UPS has to be completely dry before starting any
3
• All power supply electrical cables have to be fixed to the
equipments and loads, interfaces, etc..., to immovable parts
and in the way to avoid step on it or go through them with an
transport medium or expose them to fortuitous pulls.
• Be careful to not wet it, because it is not waterproofed. Do not
allow entering any kind of liquids in, otherwise shutdown it
immediately and contact with the (S.T.S.).
• If the enclosure of the equipment is in contact with liquids or
high density saline air accidentally, dry it with a soft and
absorbent cloth quickly.
Check that no liquid has entered inside the unit and act
accordingly.
• To clean the equipment, wipe over a damp cloth and then dry it.
Avoid liquids sprinkling or spillage that could enter through the
slots or cooling grids, which may cause fire or electric shock.
Do not clean the equipments with products that could have
alcohol, benzene, solvent or other inflammable substances, and
even if they are abrasive, corrosive, liquids or detergent.
• Never manipulate the equipment with wet hands.
• If it is observed that the UPS exhausts smoke or toxic gas,
shutdown it immediately and disconnect it from power supply.
This kind of fault can cause fire or electrical discharge. Contact
with our (S.T.S.).
• Do not put either materials or parts over the equipment that
obstruct the correct visualization of the synoptic.
•
Consult the documentation before doing any action. A
wrong manipulation over the switches can cause
important production losses and/or failures in the equipments.
•
Protection Earth cable of the UPS drives the leakage current
of the load devices. An isolated earth cable has to be
installed as part of the circuit that supplies the equipment. Cross
cable section and its features will be the same as the power supply
cables, but with green colour with or without the yellow strip.
•
The protection earth must be connected to the frame or
metallic chassis of any electrical equipment, by means of the
foreseen terminal (in our case to the UPS, battery cabinet when
it is available and loads), assuring that it is done before turning
on the input voltage.
It is essential that cables that feed the loads have their respective
protection earth cable.
When branch circuits are made, i.e. by means of terminal strips,
it is essential to have a protection earth terminal in each one
of them.
• Check the quality and availability of the earth, it has to be between
the defined parameters by the local or national regulations.
•
During the normal UPS operation, the input power supply
cable can’t be disconnected, because the general protection earth
cable of the own UPS and all loads connected at the output will
be disconnected too.
Due to the same reason, the general protection earth cable of
the building or switchgear panel that supplies the UPS will not be
disconnected.
• Cross cable sections used to supply the equipment and loads to be fed,
will be according to the nominal current stated in the nameplate label of
the equipment, and respecting the Low Voltage Electrotechnical
Regulations or standards of the country.
• UPS equipments can be manufactured in four different
configurations of Input-Output:
Three phase - Three phase.
Three phase - Single phase.
Single phase - Three phase.
Single phase - Single phase.
For the correct operation of the UPS, it is needed the input
Neutral cable or in case of its missing, it has to be created by
means of an isolation transformer located between the power
supply and the equipment.
• The UPS doesn’t modify the input neutral regime at its output.
Do not earth the output neutral.
When, it is needed to modify the output neutral regime, an
isolation transformer has to be located between the loads and
the equipment.
Before using the UPS for first time or after a long period
of time (6 months maximum), it has to be connected to
the power supply to charge the batteries for a minimum period
of time of 12 hours.
Although the equipment can operate with batteries discharged,
it has to be kept in mind the possible risk of mains fault during
the first operating hours, so the available back up time in the
UPS batteries, can be lower than the expected.
2.2.2.
General safety warnings.
•
All electrical connections and disconnections of cables from
the equipment, including the control ones, will be done with no
power supply and switches on rest position «O» or «Off».
•
Pay special attention to the labelling of the equipment
that warns about the «Electrical shock hazard», inside
the equipment there are dangerous voltages.
Do not open, dismantle or modify the equipment, if this action
is not stated in this document. To manipulate inside the
equipment for repairing is restricted to qualified staff only. In
case of maintenance or fault, consult to the closest (S.T.S.).
A part from the implicit risk of electrical shock, any action that
make the modification, internal or external of the equipment
or just only the simple intervention inside of itself, which is not
stated in this document, it can expire the warranty.
• During the erection and commissioning operations is needed to
open the front door and some models is required to remove the
protection cover from terminals too.
Once the respective actions are finalised, leave the equipment as
it was, with the protection cover put back and front door closed.
• To shutdown the equipment completely, follow the instructions
in the start up and shutdown chapter.
•
In those models with separate bypass line, an isolation
transformer has to be located in any of both input lines
(rectifier input or static bypass), in order to avoid the direct
connection of the neutral of both lines through the internal wiring
of the equipment.
This is only applicable when the two power supplies come from
different lines, i.e.::
Two different electrical companies.
One electrical company and a generator, ...
• La The installation will have input protections sized to the
currents of the equipment and stated in the nameplate label
4
•
•
•
•
•
(RCD devices type B and circuit breakers with C characteristic
or any other equivalent one).
For equipments with three phase input, and connected to an IT
distribution system, the protection will be four poles in order to
break the three phases and neutral in the same manoeuvring.
Overload conditions are considered as a non-permanent and
exceptional operating mode, so these currents will not be kept
in mind when sizing the protections.
Do not overload the UPS by connecting loads with inrush
consumptions at its output, i.e. laser printers.
Installations with redundant equipments or separate bypass
line, there will be one and common RCD device only of 300 to
500mA for both lines at the beginning of the installation.
It is recommended to distribute the output power, into four lines
as minimum. Each one of them will have a protection circuit
breaker sized to the quarter of the nominal power. This kind of
outgoing distributions will allow that any fault in any device
connected to the equipment, that makes a short-circuit, will
affect to the line with the failure only. Power supply will be
guaranteed to the rest of connected loads, because of the
tripping of the affected line by the short-circuit only.
Under any concept the input power cables will be connected to the
output of the equipment, either directly or through other outlets.
•
•
•
•
•
When supplying input voltage to a UPS with static
bypass or separate bypass line, the fact of having the inverter
«Off» (shutdown), it doesn’t mean to not have voltage at the
output terminals.
To not have it, input and static bypass switches have to be
turned «Off».
Put warnings labels and/or emergency switches in the
particular installation if the safety norms require it.
•
•
It is possible that the UPS supplies output voltage through
the manual bypass to those equipments that incorporate it either
standard or optional, so it will have to be considered as regards to
safety.
If it were necessary to break the output supply of the equipment in
this situation, turn off the outgoing distribution protection or in lack of
it, turn off the general protection of the distribution panel that feeds
the UPS.
• All the equipments have two auxiliary terminals to install an
external emergency power off button (EPO), which will belong
to the end-user.
EPO doesn’t affect to the power supply of the equipment, it only
breaks the power supply to the loads as a safety measure.
• RACK mounted equipments are destined to be installed in a
predetermined set to be done by professionals.
Its installation has to be designed and executed by qualified
personnel, who will be the responsible to apply the safety
and EMC regulations and standards that controls the
particular installations where the product is destined.
•
2.2.3. Safety warnings regarding batteries.
•
The manipulation and connection of the batteries shall
be done and supervised by personnel with battery
knowledge only.
5
Battery circuit is not isolated from input voltage, it is dangerous
to touch any part of the batteries. Dangerous voltages can be
found between the terminals of the battery set and the earth.
Check that there is not any voltage at the input before taking
any action over them.
Before doing any action inside the UPS, disconnect the batteries.
Check that no voltage is present and there is not potential danger in
the DC BUS (capacitors) or in the endpoint of the battery set terminals.
In equipments with separate battery cabinet, check that they
are compatible before connecting them.
When faulty batteries are replaced, the complete battery set
has to be replaced, less exceptional cases in new equipments,
were due to manufacturing faults it will only be replaced the
defective ones.
The replacement will be done by another one of the same type,
voltage, capacity and quantity. All of them has to be of the
same brand. Otherwise there is risk of explosion.
Do not reuse faulty batteries. There could be an explosion or
burst any battery with the involved problems and issues that
could happen.
Generally supplied batteries are installed in the same cabinet,
case or rack of the equipment. Depending on the power,
autonomy or both, they can be supplied separately from the
equipment in another cabinet, case or rack, with the interlink
cables among them. Do not modify its length.
In those equipments requested without batteries, their
acquisition, installation and connection of themselves will be
done by the end-user and under his responsibility. Data
concerning the batteries as regards to quantity, capacity and
voltage, are stated in the battery label sticked beside the
nameplate of the equipment. Respect these data, battery
connection polarity and the supplied circuit diagram strictly.
For an optimum and efficient operating, the battery set has to
be located as close as possible to the equipment.
Battery voltage can involve the risk of electric shock and
can produce high short circuit currents. Observe the following
preventive measures before manipulating any terminal block
identified in the labelling as «Batteries»:
Use the suitable IPE (Individual Protection Equipment):
gloves and insulated shoes, protection glasses, suitable
work clothes, ...
Take off rings, bracelets or other metal hanging objects.
Use tools with insulated handles.
Disconnect the corresponding protection elements.
When connecting a battery cabinet to the UPS, respect the
cable’s polarity and color (red-positive; black-negative)
indicated in the manual and labelling.
Do not place metal tools or objects over the batteries.
Risk of short-circuit and possible deflagration due to the
accumulated hydrogen.
Metallic particles of different sizes can be thrown due to
the violent explosion of the short-circuit and/or the tool
itself or the metallic object, which origin the incident, with
the risk of significant damage to nearby people and other
devices, instruments or machines.
Never manipulate them with your hands or through
conducting objects, do not short either the battery terminal
block of the equipment or the own ones from the batteries.
• In case the automatic software to shutdown the devices due to end
of back up time is not installed, it is recommended to shutdown the
loads and the UPS before depleting the autonomy of the batteries, as
a preventive safety measure for the own loads.
• If the equipment is not in operating during the night, weekends and
holidays periods, it is recommended to shutdown the equipment
completely. In particular during this last period and due to safety
reasons, as it is an energy generator, and to safeguard batteries
against unnecessary discharges during these periods of time.
• When the equipment and/or battery module has a protection by
fuse and it were needed to replace it, do it by another one of the
same type, format and size.
•
After prolonged periods of time of disconnection, it is
needed to recharge the batteries for 12 hours as
minimum every 6 months, in order to avoid the irreversible
degradation of them.
• Never short the battery terminals due to the high risk that involves. It
involves the detriment of the equipment and batteries.
• Avoid mechanical efforts and impacts.
• Do not open or mutilate the battery. Spilled electrolyte is
harmful and toxic for the skin and eyes.
• Do not dispose the batteries in a fire or expose it to high
temperatures. Batteries may explode.
• In case of contact of the acid with parts of the body, wash
immediately with plenty water and call urgently to the
nearest medical service.
• Batteries involve a serious risk for health and environment. Their
disposal should be done in accordance with the existing
regulations.
6
3. STANDARD AND QUALITY GUARANTEE.
3.1. DECLARATION OF THE MANAGEMENT.
3.3.
Our target is the client’s satisfaction, therefore this Management
has decided to establish a Quality and Environmental policy, by
means of installation a Quality and Environmental Management
System that becomes us capable to comply the requirements
demanded by the standard ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 and by our
Clients and concerned Parts too.
Likewise, the enterprise Management is committed with the
development and improvement of the Quality and Environmental
Management System, through:
The communication to all the company about the importance of
satisfaction both in the client’s requirements and in the legal and
regulations.
The Quality and Environmental Policy diffusion and the fixation
of the Quality and Environment targets.
To carry out revisions by the Management.
To provide the needed resources.
3.2.
ENVIRONMENT.
This product has been designed to respect the environment and has
been manufactured in accordance with the standard ISO 14001.
Equipment recycling at the end of its useful life:
Our company commits to use the services of authorised societies
and according to the regulations, in order to treat the recovered
product at the end of its useful life (contact your distributor).
Packaging:
To recycle the packaging, follow the legal regulations in force,
depending on the particular standard of the country where the
equipment is installed.
Batteries:
The batteries mean a serious danger for health and environment.
The disposal of them must be done in accordance with the
regulations in force.
STANDARD.
This product is designed, manufactured and commercialized in
accordance with the standard EN ISO 9001 of Quality
Management Systems. The
marking shows the conformity
to the EEC Directive by means of the application of the following
standards:
• 2006/95/EC of Low Voltage Safety.
• 2004/108/EC of Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
In accordance with the specifications of the harmonized standards.
Standards as reference:
• EN-IEC 62040-1. Uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Part 1-1:
General and safety requirements for UPS’s used in accessible
areas by end-users.
• EN-IEC 60950-1. IT equipments. Safety. Part 1: General
requirements.
• EN-IEC 62040-2. Uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Part 2:
EMC requirements.
The manufacturer responsibility is excluded in the event of
any modification or intervention in the product done by the
end-user.
This is a product for its use in commercial and industrial
applications, so restrictions and additional measures can
be needed in the installation to prevent perturbations, in
accordance with the particular standards, laws or
regulations for its use in critical applications.
Pay attention to those systems used in vital signs
maintenance, medical applications, commercial transport,
nuclear power stations, as well as other applications or loads
where a failure in the product can cause serious personal
injuries or material damages.
Declaration of conformity CE of the product is at the client
disposal under previous request to our headquarters offices.
7
In the description of this manual, there are references to «LV» (Low
voltage) and «HV» (High voltage) abbreviations, described in the
nomenclature of the model with an «A» for «LV» and omitted for
«HV», grouping the following interval of voltages:
• LV.- 3x200 to 3x230 V (115 to 133 V in single phase).
• HV.- 3x380 to 3x415 V (220 to 240 V in single phase).
4. PRESENTATION.
4.1. VIEWS.
These abbreviations do not have any other purpose than matching
and/or helping in order to give a better comprehension of the
detailed information in this document and even they are not shown
either in the nomenclature, or in the reference of the nameplate
model.
4.1.1.Views of the equipment.
Figures from 1 to 20 show the illustrations of the equipments
according to model, nominal operating voltage and input-output
setting, which is summarised in the chart 1.
Format of protections and size of the terminals shown in the figures
of this document, always correspond to the highest power rate model
manufactured in that cabinet, at the same power supply voltage and
input-output setting.
Nevertheless and as the product is in constant evolution, some
discrepancies or small contradictions can arise. So, if any questions,
the labels over the own equipment will prevail.
All models can operate as single units or connected in parallel with
other equipments of the same family, because the needed
electronic kit is already included.
Parallel connection can be done at any time when the upgrading
requirements are needed to increase the supplied power of the
equipment or in order to have redundant operating systems for
installations with higher safety.
Do not connect UPS equipments of different features versions,
settings, back up times or duplicated addresses (i.e.: two
equipments, although they are identical, coming from two parallel
systems and with the same address) in parallel.
In any parallel system only one and different address is assigned to
each equipment that makes the system.
Each equipment model corresponds to one power rate,
voltage, frequency and input and output currents. All values
of these features can be checked in the nameplate, located at the
back of the front door (PF), and act in your installation accordingly.
Model.
Voltage (V)
V
Power (kVA / kW)
UPS-7.5
7.5 / 6.75
UPS-10
UPS-15
10 / 9
UPS-20
UPS-30
UPS-40
UPS-50
UPS-60
UPS-80
UPS-100
UPS-10
UPS-15
UPS-20
UPS-30
UPS-40
UPS-60
UPS-80
UPS-100
UPS-120
UPS-160
UPS-200
«LV»
3x200.
3x230 V
(115. 133 V
in single
phase)
«HV»
3x380.
3x415 V
(220. 240 V
in single
phase)
15 / 13,5
Fig. no. Front UPS cabinet
D
Door opened
6
(*) 8 for (-B)
Door closed
1
(*) 1 for (-B)
20 / 18
30 / 27
40 / 36
50 / 45
60 / 54
80 / 64
100 / 80
10 / 9
15 / 13.5
20 / 18
30 / 27
2
3
12
13
6
(*) 8 for (-B)
1
(*) 1 for (-B)
1
2
6
(*) 9 for (-B)
6
(*) 10for (-B)
7
11
2
12
4
13
40 / 36
60 / 54
80 / 72
100 / 90
120 / 108
160 / 128
200 / 160
6
(*) 9 for (-B)
6
(*) 10for (-B)
7
11
Fig. no. Front battery cabinet
D
D Door opened
Door closed
15
(Battery cabinet
for extended
back up time
models only)
16
(Battery cabinet
for extended
back up time
models only)
15
16
17
18
19
20
15
(Battery cabinet
for extended
back up time
models only)
16
(Battery cabinet
for extended
back up time
models only)
15
16
17
18
19
20
(*) The equipments with separate static Bypass line (-B), are supplied in the same cabinet as basic models, less those ones stated in this
chart with other No of Fig..
Table 1. Reference relation among models and illustration.
8
f i g. 4
( RV)
f i g. 4
( RV)
( RV)
( CL)
( CL)
( PF)
( PF)
(PB)
(PB)
(RD)
(RD)
Fig. 2.
Fig. 1.
UPS front view from 7.5 to 30 kVA (LV) / 10 to 60 kVA (HV),
with or without separate static bypass line (-B).
9
UPS front view from 40 to 60 kVA (LV) / 80 to 120 kVA (HV),
without separate static bypass and 40 kVA (LV) / 80 kVA
(HV) with separate static bypass (-B).
Fig.3. Control panel view.
Front view with static bypass equipment.
Front view without static bypass equipment.
Attention:Static bypass equipment needs to adjust the cabinet.
Fig. 4.
UPS front view of 80 and 100 kVA (LV) / 160 and 200 kVA (HV) with front door closed.
10
(1)
Equipments with extended back up time only.
Fig. 6.
UPS Front view with door opened. 7.5KVA to 20KVA (LV)/
10KVA to 40KVA (HV) models.
Fig. 7.
11
UPS Front view with door opened. 30KVA (LV)/ 60KVA (HV)
models.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 9.
UPS Front view with door opened. 7.5KVA to 10KVA (LV) /
10KVA to 20KVA (HV) models with separate static bypass line.
(UPS-B models)
12
UPS Front view with door opened. 15KVA (LV) / 30KVA (HV)
models with separate static bypass line (UPS-B models)
Fig. 11. UPS front view with door opened, models 40kVA (LV) /
80KVA (HV).
Fig. 10. UPS Front view with door opened, models 20KVA (LV) /
40KVA (HV) with separate static bypass line (UPS-B models)
13
Fig. 12.
UPS front view with door opened, models 50 and 60 kVA (LV) / 100 and 120 kVA (HV), without separate static bypass line.
14
Fig. 13.
UPS front view with door opened, models 80 and 100 kVA (LV) / 160 and 200 kVA (HV), without separate static bypass line.
15
(Q8)
(X47)
(X49)
(X48)
(BF)
(X5)
(PR)
(X10)
Fig. 15. Battery cabinet front view No 1, with door closed.
Fig. 16. Battery cabinet front view No 1, with door opened.
16
(Q8)
(X47)
(X49)
(X48)
(X5)
(PR)
(X10)
Fig. 17. Battery cabinet front view No 2, with door closed.
Fig. 18. Battery cabinet front view No 2, with door opened.
17
Fig. 19. Battery cabinet front view No 3, with door closed.
18
Batteries group No 1
Batteries group No 2
(F8) –
(F8) N
(F8) +
(Q8)
(X48)
(X49)
(X47)
(X10)
(PR)
(X5)
Fig. 20. Battery cabinet front view No 3, with door opened.
19
(X32)
(X50)
(X31)
(X36 i )
(X36o)
Fig. 21. Connection of communications for models up to 60 kVA
(LV) / 120 kVA (HV).
(X36o)
(X36i)
(X31)
(X50)
(X32)
Fig. 23. Control panel
Fig. 22. Connection of communications for models higher than 60
kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV).
4.1.2
Protection and manoeuvring parts(Q*) in the battery cabinet:
(Q8)
Battery fuse holder switch of 3 fuses, for models up to 60
kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV).
Battery switch, in models higher than 60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA
(HV). Also there are 3 fuses (F8) with no switch function,
located inside the cabinet.
Legend corresponding to the equipment views.
Protection and manoeuvring parts (Q*) in the UPS cabinet:
(Q1a) Input circuit breaker or switch according to the equipment
power rate, two or three poles respectively depending on
the mains typology.
(Q2)
Output switch.
(Q3)
Battery fuse holder switch with 3 fuses in models up to 20
kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV) or switch for B1 versions and higher
power rates models.
(Q4a) Static bypass switch, two or three poles depending on
the mains typology (-B version only).
(Q5)
Manual bypass switch.
Connection parts (X*):
(X1)
Terminal of input phase R.
(X2)
Terminal of input phase S.
(X3)
Terminal of input phase T.
(X4)
Terminal of input neutral N.
(X5)
Terminal (copper bar) of main earth (
(X6)
Terminal of output phase U.
20
)
(X7)
(X8)
(X9)
(X10)
Terminal of output phase V.
Terminal of output phase W.
Terminal of output neutral N.
Terminal (copper rod) of earth bonding for load or loads
and/or battery cabinet ( ).
(1)
(X11) Battery positive terminal (+).
(1)
(X12) Battery negative terminal (–).
(X14) Terminal of static bypass phase R (-B version only).
(X15) Terminal of static bypass phase S (-B version only).
(X16) Terminal of static bypass phase T (-B version only).
(X17) Terminal of static bypass neutral N (-B version only).
(1)
(X23) Battery neutral N terminal (central tap).
(X31) DB9 connector for COM RS-232 and RS-485 ports.
(X32) DB9 connector for relay interface.
(X34) Terminal strip of two terminals for temperature probe/floating
voltage. Equipments with separate battery cabinets only.
(X36i) HDB15 female connector, parallel bus input. Only useful in
parallel systems connection.
(X36o) HDB15 male connector, parallel bus output. Only useful in
parallel systems connection.
(X45) Terminal strip of two terminals, auxiliary contact of output
switch. To be connected to its external homologous.
(X47) Battery positive terminal (+) of the battery cabinet.
(X48) Battery negative terminal (–) of the battery cabinet.
(X49) Battery neutral terminal N of the battery cabinet
(central tap).
(X50) External EPO terminals.
(X51) Terminal strip of two terminals, auxiliary contact of manual
bypass switch. To be connected to its external homologous.
(PC)
(PF)
(PR)
(PT)
Control panel.
Front door.
Cable gland or bushing to enter the cables.
Cable in a bridge mode way to close the circuit between
both pins of (X45).
(R103) Two wires bundle with probe, to control the floating
voltage according to the temperature.
Equipments with separate battery cabinet only.
(RD)
Casters.
(RV)
Cooling grid.
(SL)
Slot for SNMP card (option).
(TB)
Terminal cover-connection elements.
(t1)
Fixing screws for terminal cover (TB).
(t2)
Fixing screws for mechanical locking (BL) of switch (Q5).
: Battery terminals (X11), (X12) and (X23) available in
models > 20 kVA (LV) / > 40 kVA (HV) only, or in
equipments B1 type (extended back up time).
(1)
By means of the connectors (X36°) and (X36°) the
communication loop or ring is closed between two or
more equipments connected in parallel, by means of the
bundle (BC). These connectors are not useful when there is a
single equipment only.
Together with each UPS, it is supplied only one bundle (BC) to
connect the communication BUS. Therefore in any parallel system
there will be the same quantity of communication bundles (BC) as
equipments there are, so it makes possible to close the
communication loop.
Each communication bundle (BC) has 5 metres length and it is
provided with HDB15 connectors at both ends, one male and
another female.
Control panel (PC), keypad and optical indicators:
(LCD) LCD panel.
(ENT) Key «ENTER».
(ESC) Key «ESC».
()
Key move up.
()
Key move down.
()
Key move to right.
()
Key move to left.
(a)
Rectifier input voltage correct (green led).
(b)
Output voltage of the equipment from bypass
(orange led).
(c)
Inverter ON (green led).
(d)
Output voltage from batteries -mains fault- (red led).
(e)
General alarm of the equipment, it is triggered with any
alarm (red led).
Other abbreviations:
(BC)
Communication BUS bundle between equipments, of 5 m.
length with HDB15 connectors in both ends.
(BF)
Rod to fix the connection wires of the equipment or battery
cabinet by means of wraps.
(BL)
Mechanical lock for manual bypass switch (Q5).
(CL)
Front door lock.
(LL)
Key to lock and unlock (CL).
(PB)
Levellers and fixing elements.
21
4.2.
DEFINITION AND STRUCTURE
4.2.1. Structural diagram.
4.3.3.
To describe the operating principle, it is taken as a reference and
example the single line diagram of Fig. 25 and 26, corresponding to
UPS with three-phase input and output setting, one with basic
structure and the other one with separate bypass line.
All the equipments works and operates in the same way, although
they have common line or separate static bypass.
4.3.
This UPS series has a battery set that stores energy during the
normal operating mode (present mains) and they are discharged
during the emergency operation (mains fault), keeping the critical
loads running during the required time.
Batteries are sized to supply full power to the assigned critical loads
during the back up time for any load condition. Standard batteries
are sealed Lead Acid, maintenance free and VRLA technology.
Each cell or cell group (battery block) are duly marked in a
permanent way, with polarity indication, voltage and safety
warning required by the standard.
Cells are duly assembled and electrically connected. Battery set is
protected by means of a fuse holder with ultra fast fuses, ready for
the described conditions in section «4.3.2. Rectifier-PFC stage».
In normal operation (mains present and charged batteries), the battery set is working on floating voltage.
As an option the battery set of Pb-Ca or Ni-Cd can be assembled
in a cabinet or rack separately from the equipment, shared for
systems made of two UPSs in parallel.
UPS FUNCTION STAGES.
This UPS series is structured in the following stages:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Batteries.
I/O EMI filters.
Rectifier-PFC (AC/DC).
Batteries.
Inverter (DC/AC).
Static Bypass.
Maintenance or manual Bypass.
EPO emergency shutdown.
Control panel.
Control and communication Software.
4.3.4. Inverter stage (DC/AC).
4.3.1. I/O EMI filters.
Constructive parts:
• DC Bus: it is used to filter the DC and it is in charge of
interconnecting the PFC and Inverter through the protection
fuses.
• IGBT three phase inverter bridge: it is equal to the PFC
stage but in counter way, it is in charge of making the DC/AC
conversion with the lowest distortion and highest efficiency. It
is also using the Trench-gate technology of 4th generation.
• Current sensor: as it has been described before, in this case
conventional AC currents sensors are also used (current
transformers ) for measurement and control the output current
of the inverter to get a total harmonic distortion at the output
voltage lower than 1% in full load conditions.
• Output chokes: it is used an identical solution as the used
at the input. These chokes are used by the inverter as energy
storage elements (in switching times), for DC/AC conversion.
EMI filter is a three phase low-band filter, which its function is to
attenuate and cancel all the radio frequency perturbations. The
filter performs in a bidirectional way:
• It cancels the perturbations that comes from the line and protect the UPS control circuits.
• It avoids the possible radio electrical perturbations that the
UPS could generates flows through the line and affect to other
equipments connected to it.
4.3.2. Rectifier-PFC stage (AC/DC).
Constructive parts:
• Input protection and switch: it is the particular protection of
the PFC rectifier.
• Current sensor: it uses alternating current transformers to
measure and control the input current, to get a THDi < 3% at
full load condition and even < 1% depending on the quality of
mains.
• “T” filter: it is used to attenuate the current ripple caused by
the PFC switching.
• IGBT's three phase bridge: it will be used to make the AC/
DC conversion with the lowest distortion and highest efficiency.
To do that, it is used the Trench-gate IGBT technology of 4th
generation.
• Input chokes: They are used by the PFC rectifier as energy
storage elements (in switching times), for the AC/DC
conversion.
• DC Bus: it is used to filter the DC needed for the correct
operation of PFC converter and inverter.
22
Maintenance line (manual Bypass).
(Q1a)






(Q3)
(Q2)





N U-V-W
AC output

Emergency line (static Bypass).

AC input
N R-S-T

(Q5)
Normal operating.
Mains fault.
Operating with inverter non-active (EPO condition to «Off»).
Operating over manual bypass.

(Q4a)


Maintenance line (manual Bypass).
Emergency line (static Bypass).
(Q1a)

 



(Q3)

(Q2)





N U-V-W
AC salida
(Q5)

AC input
AC bypass
N R-S-T N R-S-T
Fig. 25. UPS single line diagram with operating flows.
Normal operating.
Mains fault.
Operating with inverter active (EPO condition to «On»).
Operating over manual bypass.
Fig. 26. UPS-B single line diagram with operating flows.
The control algorithm of the triggering signals of the thyristors
assures a nil transfer time, and avoids short-circuits between the
thyristors of bypass and inverter (shifting with zero cross current).
4.3.5. Static bypass stage.
When the inverter can't keep the voltage to the critical loads due to
overloads, short-circuits, current limits or faults, the UPS has a
bypass circuit, which supplies isolation for the inverter and supplies
the critical loads directly from electrical mains.
The UPS controls the availability inverter-bypass permanently in
order to make the shifting between them.
The bypass stage is based on six double thyristors in semipack
format, working as AC switches, three of them are for shifting the
input over the output and the other three are for shifting the inverter
over the output.
The managing system of the SCR switches is based on drivers
designed with a shifting system that responds to the following
requirements:
4.3.6. Maintenance or manual Bypass.
.
All UPSs from this series are foreseen with an auxiliary line
protected by a circuit breaker switch, which makes an electrical
bridge between the input and output terminals.
Managing this switch, properly together with the input and output,
allows isolating electrically all the UPS elements from the electrical
lines.
The type of manoeuvring of the maintenance bypass is “make
before break”, with the purpose of keeping the critical loads fed,
even during the maintenance tasks.
Full static shifting system.
Shifting with no high transient currents.
Shifting with no transfer time.
23
• Output three phase rectifier controller: independent per
phase, it is easy adapted to different settings, either single
phase or three phase.
It is highlighted the use of the AFC control technique that
allows getting an output voltage with a THDv lower than 1,5%
with non-linear load at the output and good dynamic response
against unexpected step loads.
• Switching algorithm of the bypass thyristors.
• Parallel control: high speed communication and inverter
parallel connection.
4.3.7. Terminals for EPO.
The UPS has two terminals to install an external button of
emergency output shutdown (EPO).
4.3.8. Control panel.
This UPS has a sophisticated control panel based on a DSP (Digital
Signal Processor) that performs as interface between the UPS and
end-user.
Each UPS is equipped with an alphanumerical LCD panel, which
automatically informs about the current status of the equipment
and electrical measurements to the end-user. It is based on a tree
menu, allowing an easy browsing through its screens.
4.3.9.2. Managing software of the equipment.
Managing and control of different parts.
Visualization software for user interface.
Software of communication and protocol implementation.
Managing software of parallel system.
4.3.9. Control software and communications.
4.3.9.3. Communications.
AFC Control (Adaptive Feedforward Cancellation).
It consists in the use of digital resonators connected in parallel and
set to those frequencies where the consigns or perturbations to
refuse are expected.
This control technique allows doing the follow of the sinewave
signals of reference of the output voltage in the inverter and input
cur- rent of the active rectifier.
It is important to highlight that the different controls of the UPS
do not operate either isolated or locally, but they interact between
them in such way that it results a global controller of coupled type.
It means operating advantages like to adapt the rectifier to the load
conditions immediately.
The digital control software works at two different levels:
• COM port to relays: It supplies a digital signals in a dry
contact way, which makes possible the dialogue between the
equipment and other machines or devices.
By default the equipment is supplied with 4 signal relays with
a preset programming (see chart 2), which can be modified at
factory or by teh S.T.S. under request. Chart 6 shows all the
alarms that can be set to any relay. A fifth relay can be supplied
as an option and under request, which can be defined in the
purchase order.
Also there is a “shutdown” input that allows shutdown the
inverter.
The most common use of this type of port is to supply the
needed information to the closing file software.
• COM port RS-232 and RS-485: By means of the same DB9
connector supplies the RS-232 and RS-485 communication
ports. They are mutually exclusive between them and they are
used to connect the UPS with any machine or device that has
this standard bus.
The RS-232 port consists in the serial transmission of data, in
such way that it can send a lot of information through a
communication cable of 3 wires.
The RS-485, unlike other serial communication channels, it
uses 2 wires only to dialogue among the systems connected to
this network. The communication is established by sending and
receiving signals in differential mode, so it gives to the system
high immunity to the noise and long range (approx. 800m).
The used protocol is “MASTER/SLAVE” type. The computer or
IT system (“MASTER”) asks for a determined data, and the UPS
answers immediately (“SLAVE”).
4.3.9.1. Control software at low level.
• Input three phase rectifier controller: PFC control and
battery charge loops. The structure adopted of independent
control per phase of cascade type allows managing both single
phase and three phase inputs.
The AFC control technique has been also applied, to assure a
sinewave mains currents, with a THDi < 2%, and in phase
shifting with the voltages, to balance the active power of all
the system, to accelerate its response and make it insensitive
against the load transients.
In normal conditions, the rectifier is running and charging the
batteries, controlling at any moment the charging current and
floating voltage according to the temperature of themselves.
The system is also in charge of minimising the charging current
ripple that flows through them.
When the input voltage or frequency is out of the correct
operating range, it is shutdown and batteries are responsible of
keeping the inverter in operation, which at the same time
supplies the loads connected at the output of the equipment till
the battery voltage decreases till the end of back up time.
Another important feature of the rectifier is its bidirectional
capacity of operation. This allows consigning a battery
discharging current even with mains present. This quality
performance will make possible to do a battery test both in full
load and no load conditions.
4.4. OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF AN EQUIPMENT.
This UPS series is a double conversion system AC/DC, DC/AC with
sinewave output that supplies a safe protection in extreme
conditions of electrical power supply (fluctuations of voltage,
frequency, electrical noises, blackouts and mains faults,
24
etc...). Whatever the type of load to protect is, these equipments
are ready to assure the quality and uninterruptible electrical power
supply.
The use of the transformerless technology allows a significant
reduction of weight and volume in the equipments, by improving a
lot important coefficients like the power/footprint ratio.
• Basically its operating is the following:
The rectifier, an IGBT three phase rectifier, converts the
AC voltage in DC by draining a sinewave current (THDi
<2%), charging the batteries with constant current/
voltage.
Batteries supply the energy required by the inverter in case
of mains fault.
The inverter is in charge of converting the DC bus voltage
into AC providing an alternating sinewave output, stabilised
in voltage and frequency, ready to supply the loads connected at the output.
The basic structure of double conversion is complemented
with two new functional stages, static bypass switch and
manual bypass switch.
The static bypass switch connects the output load with
bypass line directly in special conditions like overload or
over temperature and it is reconnected to inverter again,
once the normal conditions are restored.
UPS B version has two separate lines for the rectifier
and bypass stages increasing in the safety of the
installation, because it allows the use of a second line
(generator set, other company, etc...).
The manual bypass switch isolates the UPS from mains and
loads connected at the output, so the maintenance tasks
can be done inside the UPS without interrupting the supply
to the loads.
4.4.3.
Operating with non-active inverter ().
The inverter is non-active due to alarm conditions like overloads,
over temperatures, etc... In this case the rectifier is still charging the
batteries in order to keep their optimal charge status.
The inverter is also non-active if the start up has not been done
through the keypad of the control.
In both cases, the output voltage of the UPS comes from the
emergency bypass line through the static bypass switch (Fig. 25 and
26), on condition that the EPO is inactive.
4.4.4. Manual bypass operating ().
When it is required to make any maintenance service to the
equipment, it can be disconnected from mains without breaking
the power supply of the system and affecting it to the critical
load. The UPS can only be intervened by technical or maintenance
staff, by means of the manual bypass switch (respect the
corresponding operative instructions later on stated).
4.4.5. Smart Eco-mode operating.
For those applications with lower requirements, the smart and
efficient function «Smart Eco-mode», meanwhile the power
supply is available, allows the equipment feeding the loads directly
from mains through the solid state static bypass («Off Line» mode).
In case of mains fault, the system will automatically shift to normal
operating mode («On Line») and will supply the loads through the
inverter with the energy of the batteries. The «Smart Eco-mode»
operating mode improve the efficiencies between 4 and 4.5 %
highest than «On Line» normal mode, so it is close to 100 %.
The «Smart Eco-mode» operating does not ensure a perfect
stabilization in frequency, voltage or sinewave shape (distortion)
as in
«On Line» normal mode, because the figures of these parameters
depend on the static bypass line and preset activation ranges
completely.
The detection of these parameters can take up to 3 ms, so it is
recommended to assess the advisability of using this operating
mode, depending on the level of protection required by the loads.
This operating mode is disabled from factory and the end/user can
activate it, in case it were needed, according to section 7.3.2. and
Fig. 45.
4.4.1. Normal operating ().
With mains present, the rectifier converts the AC input voltage into
DC, by boosting the DC voltage to an optimal level to feed the
inverter and battery charger.
The inverter is in charge of converting the DC bus voltage into AC
providing an alternating sinewave output, it stabilises the voltage
and frequency, ready to supply the loads connected at the output
(Fig. 25 and 26).
4.4.2. Mains fault operating ().
4.4.6. Frequency converter operating.
In case of mains fault or blackout, the battery set supplies the
needed energy to feed the inverter.
The inverter still operates normally, without noticing the lack of
mains and the back up time depends in the capacity of the battery
set only (Fig. 25 and 26).
When the battery voltage reaches the low voltage, the control
blocks the output in order to protect the batteries from being deep
discharged. When mains is restored and after the first seconds of
analysis, the UPS goes back to operate as it is described in the
previous section «4.4.1. Normal operating».
.
This UPS can be set from factory as frequency converters, whether
they has batteries or not, being able to operate from 50 to 60 Hz or
vice versa.
The equipments set as frequency converters, the static bypass and
manual bypass are not available.
So, those functions, measurements, alarm messages, parameter
settings, as well as manoeuvring of the related switches will not be
operative and they will not be taken into account.
25
U-V-W
R-S-T
N
N
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
AC output
AC input
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
Fig. 27. Single line diagram, connection of parallel system up to 4 units of UPS models.
R-S-T
N
U-V-W
R-S-T
N
N
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
Fig. 28. Single line diagram, connection of parallel system up to 4 units of UPS-B models.
26
AC output
AC input
AC bypass
COM. connections
Inp.
Out.
4.5.
Therefore, the fact of having +M reserve equipments, increases
the back up time of the set, because the battery set is higher.
• Modularity: capacity can be added to a UPS parallel system
by adding equipments of the same feature, without needing to
replace the equipments already installed.
I.e., if time later, an installation with a parallel system of 2 UPSs
is detected that the capacity of this system is not enough, it can
be opted for adding a third equipment to the system, without
replacing the 2 original equipments.
OPERATING STRUCTURE OF A PARALLEL SYSTEM.
This Uninterruptible Power Supply Systems s e r i e s , are
designed and thought for its «parallel» connection with a maximum
of four units, on condition that they are the same model (setting,
voltage, power, frequency, back-up time, ...), all of them without
adding hardware. Fig. 27 and 28, as an example, show the circuit
diagrams of a three-phase input/three-phase output parallel system,
with and without separate static bypass line. Both circuit diagrams
are only showing the input-output power connections and the
parallel control BUS.
A part from the possible setting, conceptually, the parallel systems
are divided in two similar structures and at the same time very
different depending on the application.
Systems connected in parallel or active parallel, supply the loads
equally among them. Less when there is only one UPS, the system
will be able to be redundant or non-redundant depending on the
needs and requirements of the application.
The UPS parallel system management of UPS series is done by a
MASTER-SLAVES protocol, where only one equipment (MASTER)
takes the control of the rest ones (SLAVES). So, the control of the
output voltage, bypass shifting, disconnections, mains
synchronisation, ...; are managed by the MASTER equipment, and
transmitted to the SLAVES equipments through the management
bus of the parallel system.
This MASTER or SLAVE condition is dynamic as it is described later
and it will depend on several factors (initial status of the
equipments, chronological order of commissioning or shutdown of
the system through one equipment or other one, ...)
• Simple parallel system (non-redundant): a non-redundant
parallel system, is that one where all UPSs supply the required
power by the loads. Total power of the system based on N
equipments of nominal power rate Pn, is N x Pn.
If the system is operating with a load close or equal to the
maximum and one of them faults, the load will be shifted to
bypass automatically with make before break technique,
because it will not be able to support the consumption demand
due to the overload that it will be caused in the rest of UPSs.
• Redundant system: a redundant system is that one has one
or more UPSs than the minimum required by the total power of
the system (depending on the redundancy level), being the load
fair shared among them. So, the fault of any of them will cause
that the damaged UPS will be out of the system and the rest
will continue supplying the load with all the guarantees. Once
the damaged UPS is fixed, it can be connected to the system in
order to recover the redundant condition.
A system with his configuration increases the reliability and
assures an AC power supply of quality for the most critical
loads.
The quantity of redundant equipments to be connected has to
be studied according to the requirements of the application.
Parallel connection, redundant or not, adds several advantages
a part from the connection itself:
• Higher punctual power and back up time: in a parallel
system of N+M equipments, it is considered the nominal
maximum load of N equipments and +M are the reserve ones,
so:
N, is the quantity of equipments in parallel, corresponding to
the minimum quantity required by the total needed power.
+M, is the additional quantity of equipments corresponding
to the residual safety power (redundant equipments).
Although, in practice it can drain the total power in that the N+M
system can supply, the redundancy requirement or conception
does not advice it and in compensation there is a surplus of
dynamic power against load demands.
I.e., a redundant parallel system with 3 UPS of 40 kVA and N+1
configuration, the nominal maximum load contemplates 80 kVA
(2x40 kVA), although the system can accept load demands up
to 120 kVA (3x40 kVA).
27
again till its commissioning in order to protect it against
mechanical impacts, dust, dirt, etc.
• The packaging of the equipment has a cardboard pallet or
wooden type depending on the case, expanded polystyrene
corners, bag and polyethylene strip, all of them are recyclable
materials. When it is required to dispose them, do it in
accordance to the regulation in force.
It is advisable to keep the packaging for 1 year as minimum.
5. INSTALLATION.
•
Read and respect the Safety Information, described in
section 2 of this document. To obviate some of the
indications stated in it, can cause a serious or very
serious injuries to persons in direct contact or in the
vicinity, as well as break-downs in the equipment and/or
loads connected to itself.
• Unless the opposite is indicated, any action, indications,
premises, notes and others, are applicable to UPS equipments,
that belong or not to a parallel system.
5.1.2. Storage.
• The storage of the equipment, will be done in a dry and cool
place, and protected from rain, dust, water jets or chemical
agents. It is advisable to keep each equipment and battery
set, inside their original packaging because they have been
designed to assure the maximum protection during transport
ant storage.
5.1. RECEPTION OF THE EQUIPMENT.
•
It is dangerous to handle the equipment over the pallet
with not much prudent, because it could overturn and
cause serious or very serious injuries to the operators due to
impact of the possible fall and/or trapping. Pay attention to
section «2.2.3.1. To keep in mind» as regards to handling,
moving and location of the unit.
• Use the most suitable medium to move the UPS meanwhile is
packaged, with a pallet truck or fork lifting.
• Any equipment handling will be done paying attention to the
weights according to the model stated in the technical
specifications of section «9. Annexes».
•
5.1.1. Reception, packaging and contents.
• Reception. To check:
Data in the label sticked in the packaging corresponds to
the ones stated in the purchase order. Once the UPS is
unpacked, check the previous data with the one in the
name- plate of the equipment, sticked at the back of the
front door (PF).
If discrepancies exist, make the nonconformity as soon as
possible, by quoting the serial number of the equipment and
the references of the delivery note.
No incident has happened during the transport (packaging
and impact indicator are in perfect status).
Otherwise, follow the protocol stated in the label attached
to the impact indicator, located to the packaging.
• Unpacking.
To check the contents the packaging must be removed.
Complete the unpacking according to the
«Unpacking» procedure of the supplied document
together with this manual and/or attached to the CD.
• Contents.
Standard equipment up to 20 kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV): CD,
manual and battery fuses.
Standard equipment > 20 kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV): CD
and manual.
Battery cabinet: Fuses and cable connection bundle of
3.5m. length and suitable cross section.
If the UPS belongs to a parallel system: A
communication cable bundle per equipment.
• Once the reception is finished, it is advisable to pack the UPS
28
In general, less particular cases, the UPS has sealed lead
acid batteries and their storage must not exceed 6
months without recharging them (see last date of charge,
written down in the label sticked in the packaging of the
equipment or battery set).
Lapsed this period of 6 months, connect the equipment to
mains together with the battery set if any, paying attention
to the safety instructions and connection.
Models with separate static bypass line, is not needed to
connect this power terminal strip.
Proceed to start it up as it is described in section 6, do not
turn «On» the output switch (Q2), and do not start up the
inverter through the control panel (PC).
Leave the equipment in this mode for 12 hours as minimum.
Once the battery recharging is finished, proceed to shut
down the equipment, disconnect it electrically and store
the UPS and batteries if any, inside their original packaging.
Regarding the battery recharge, units that belong to a
parallel system will be treated as single equipments, so it is
not needed any additional connection.
50cm
150 cm
25cm
25 cm.
UPS cabinet
Do not store the equipments and/or battery modules, in places
where either temperatures exceed over the stated ones in the
technical specifications of section «9. Annexes» or indications in
section «2.2.3.3. Safety warning regarding batteries» are not
respected.
25 cm.
UPS battery
Cabinet
150 cm.
25 cm.
25 cm.
5.1.3. Transport until its location.
• UPSs up to 60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV) have casters, in order to
make easier their transport until their location, where the two
front casters are swivel and the rear ones are fix.
In the same way the battery cabinet has casters with identical
structure, but in the smallest size of battery cabinet only.
For the rest of the models will be needed the use of a pallet jack
or fork lift.
In any case pay attention to the weights stated in section «9.
Annexes», in order to use the suitable mediums of transport for
the weight of the equipment (pallet jack, fork lift, service lift or lift,... ),
as well as the features of the location (type of floor, resistance of
the floor kg/m2,.. ).
50 cm.
UPS battery
cabinet no 1
25 cm.
25 cm.
UPS cabinet
UPS battery
cabinet no 2
150 cm.
25 cm.
25 cm.
Fig. 29. Floor view with minimum distances for a UPS.
5.1.4.2. Location for parallel systems.
5.1.4. Location, immobilised and considerations.
• As i.e. Fig. 30 shows 4 UPSs in parallel with their respective
battery cabinet. For systems with less units act in each case
accordingly.
• It is advisable to put them in order by the No stated in the door
of each equipment. The number corresponds to the assigned
address preset from factory.
The arrangement is not random, because the length of battery
wires (3.5 m.) and communication BUS (5 m.), this is the best
one. For a higher quantity of battery cabinets in systems with
extended back up time, follow the same criteria keeping the
symmetry.
• When the system is structured by models with batteries and
power electronics in the same cabinet, forget the battery
modules illustrations.
Always respect the distances stated in Fig. 30, a part from the
quantity of cabinets that sets the system.
5.1.4.1. Location for single equipments.
• As i.e. Fig. 29 shows two typical cases depending on the model.
The one that is based on a single cabinet, UPS with batteries
fitted in, and the one of the UPS with batteries in a separate
cabinet or extended back up time.
For extended back up times with more than one cabinet, it is
recommended to put one at each side of the equipment and in
case of having more cabinets repeat the same sequence alternately.
As minimum, leave a free space for cooling the unit of:
25 cm at both sides.
50 cm at the rear.
100 cm at the top.
and 150 cm at the front.
It is recommended to leave an additional 75 cm free at both
sides, for the possible interventions of the (S.T.S.), or the
needed length of the connection wires to make easier its
movement towards.
29
50 cm.
UPS battery UPS battery UPS cabinet
cabinet no 1 cabinet no 2
no 1
25 cm.
150 cm.
10 cm.
25 cm.
UPS cabinet
no 2
UPS cabinet
no 3
UPS cabinet
no 4
UPS battery UPS battery
cabinet no 3 cabinet no 4
50 cm.
50 cm.
50 cm.
25 cm.
10 cm. 25 cm.
Fig. 30. Floor view with minimum distances for a parallel system.
5.1.4.3. Equipment immobilized and levelled.
• To have access to the battery shelves, cabinet side covers have
to be removed and they have to be unblocked. Shelves can be
extracted through both sides and each one has a stopper.
• All UPSs and battery modules, which have casters, have 4
stabiliser elements (PB), arranged next to each caster.
• The purpose of the stabilisers elements (PB) is lay, immobilize
and level the metallic cabinet once it has been located, in order
to avoid possible overturns, in particular those ones that battery
shelves can be extracted.
Warning! Turnover danger when extracting the battery
shelves without stabilising the unit previously. Do not
extract more than one shelf at the same time, high risk
of causing serious injuries to the operators due to the
impact of the possible fall and/or trapping of the
equipment.
• Loosen the elements (PB) by hand turning them
counterclockwise as far it would go with the floor and with the
help of a spanner, loosen them half turn more in order to
immobilize the metallic cabinet, having a correct levelling.
Fig. 31 shows how the stabilizers elements (PB) have to be
finally.
5.1.4.4. Preliminary considerations before connecting.
• The description of this manual refers to the connection of terminals
and switching manoeuvring that are only available in some versions
or equipments with extended back up time. Ignore those
operations regarding them, if the unit does not have them.
• Follow and respect the instructions described in this section
referred to the installation of a single equipment or parallel system.
• Switchgear or external manual bypass panel boards:
It is advisable to have an external manual bypass panel
board equipped with input, output, static bypass (UPS-B
version only) and manual bypass protections, in single
installations.
For parallel systems up to two units, it is very advisable
having a switchgear panel board and for systems with 3 or
4 equipments, it is essential. Switches of the panel board
have to allow isolating the UPS from the system against any
wrong operating and feed the loads with the rest ones,
either during the preventive maintenance period or the
reparation of itself.
• Under request an external manual bypass panel board for a
single equipment or parallel system can be supplied.
•
Original position from factory
of the element (PB).
Element (PB) tighten
against the floor.
Fig. 31. Equipment / battery module stabilisers elements (PB).
• Equipment maintenance and battery handling is a reserved task
to the S.T.S. or authorized staff.
If for any reason, the battery sliding shelves would need and
intervention, it is essential to pay attention and respect the
indications of the label sticked in each shelf, before
extracting them (see Fig. 31).
30
If it’s required more detailed information for particular
system configuration, ask for the relating «Recommended
installation» information. In that information is shown the
circuit diagram, as well as the protection size and minimum
cross section of the wires that are connected to
the equipment, taking into account the nominal operating voltage. All
figures are calculated for a maximum total cable length of 30 m
between the distribution panel board, equipment and loads.
For longer lengths correct the cross sections accordingly, in
order to avoid dropping voltages, by respecting the Regulations
or norms corresponding to the country.
In manual and for each setting, the information is available
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
for «N» units in parallel, as well as the features of the own
«Backfeed protection».
In parallel systems, the length and cross section of the wires
that goes from the panel board to the each UPS and vice
versa, will have the same for all of them, without any exception.
Always take into account the cross cable section, as regards to
the size of the own terminals of the switches, in order to
embrace all their section properly for an optimal contact
between both elements.
In the nameplate of the equipment, nominal currents are only printed
as it states the EN-IEC 62040-1 safety standard. The input current
calculation, has been done taking into account the power factor and
the own efficiency of the equipment.
If other peripheral elements are added to the UPS or parallel system
input, output or bypass like transformers or autotransformers, take
into account the currents stated in the own nameplates of those
elements in order to use the suitable cross sections, always
respecting the Local and/or National Low Voltage Electrotechnical
Regulations.
When a UPS or parallel system include a galvanic isolation
transformer, as standard, option or installed by yourself, either at
the input line, bypass line, output or in all of them, protections
against indirect contact (RCD) have to be fitted in at the output of
each transformer, because in case of electrical shock in the
secondary winding (output of the isolation transformer), its
isolating feature will block the tripping of the protections
located in the primary winding.
As a reminder, all isolation transformer installed or supplied from
factory, has the output neutral connected to earth by means of a
bridge that connects the neutral and earth terminals. In case, an
isolated neutral were required, remove this bridge, by taking the
precautionary measures stated in the respective local and/or
national low voltage regulations.
To enter the cables inside the cabinet, there are either cable glands
(PR) assembled in the metallic structure or an only one opening as
a register mode.
Models with power rate higher than 40 kVA (LV) / 80 kVA (HV),
have a rod to fix the connection wires of the equipment to it, by
means of clamps (BF).
Once the cables are connected to their respective terminals,
proceed to fix them by means of clamps to the rod (BF).
Battery fuse holder switch with 3 fuses in models up to
60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV). Stated in this user's manual
as (Q8).
Switch for battery string no 1 in models higher than 60 kVA
(LV) / 120 kVA (HV). Stated in this user's manual as (Q8).
Inside there are 3 non-switchable fuses.
• In relation to fuses, they will be supplied inside of a plastic bag
together with the equipment documentation or inside the
battery cabinet, less those battery modules of models higher
than 60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV), which are mechanically fixed to
the cabinet.
• The original type of the battery circuit, preset from factory is
opened.
– +
Put the fuses in the corresponding fuse holder switch and
turn it «On» when it is indicated only, never before. To
operate in other way, can cause irreversible damages to the
equipment or serious and/or very serious injuries to the
fitter, as he has been exposed to a possible electrical
discharge during the connection of the UPS with the battery
set or battery cabinet.
•
Do not manoeuvre the battery fuse holder and/or switch
when the equipment is turned on. This mechanisms
cannot be turned on/off with load.
•
When power supply to the equipment or parallel system is
broken beyond of a simple intervention and it is planned to
have them out of service for long time, proceed to shut them
down completely and remove the 3 fuses from the fuse holder
switch or battery module for higher safety, and keep them in a
safe place. For models higher than 60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV),
open the battery switch in both cabinets (equipment and battery
module).
5.1.4.6. Access to inside the cabinet for its connection.
•
5.1.4.5. Preliminary considerations before connecting,
as regards to batteries and protections.
• Battery protection has to be always done by fuses as minimum.
So, the physical layout of them is determined by the tangible
location of the batteries.
Standard equipments up to 20 kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV), batteries
are supplied already fitted in the same cabinet of the
equipment and B1 models and/or higher power rate are
supplied in a separate cabinet. Therefore, battery protection is
arranged as follows:
In the UPS (stated in this document as (Q3)):
Battery fuse holder switch with 3 fuses in models up to 20
kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV) or switch for B1 versions and higher
power rates.
In the battery cabinet and standard back up time:
31
Any equipment and battery cabinet from this series has
terminals as connection elements for the power. Also UPSs have
a terminal strip for the auxiliary connections and HDB9 / DB9
communication connectors.
To have access to them proceed as follows and repeat the same
procedure in each unit for parallel systems:
Unblock the lock/s (CL) by means of the key (LL) supplied
with the equipment, turn it to clockwise 45º.
Open the front door (PF) completely. DB9 connectors of
communication ports and terminals for EPO remote button
are visible.
Remove the screws (t1) that fix the terminal cover (TB) to
the cabinet and remove it; connection terminals are visible.
When finishing the UPS connection, put the cover (TB)
back, fix it with the screws (t1), close the door (PF) with
the key (LL) and lock (CL).
Take into account the cross cable section, as regards to the
size of the own terminals of the switches, in order to embrace
all their section properly for an optimal contact between both
elements.
Connection to three phase mains:
Connect the power supply cables R-S-T-N to the input terminals
(X1), (X2), (X3) and (X4), respecting the phase rotation
and neutral indicated on the label of the equipment and in this
manual. If the phase rotation is not respected, the equipment
will not operate.
In case of discrepancies between the label and the instructions
of this manual, the label will always prevail.
Connection to single phase mains:
Connect the power supply cables R-N to the input terminals (X1)
and (X4), respecting the order of phase and neutral
indicated on the label of the equipment and in this manual. If the
order of the phase and neutral is not respected, the equipment
will be damaged seriously.
In case of discrepancies between the label and the instructions
of this manual, the label will always prevail.
5.2. CONNECTION.
•
This equipment is suitable to be installed in mains with
power distribution system of T T, TN-S, TN-C or IT, taking
into account when installing the particularities of the used
system and the national electrical regulation of the destination
country.
5.2.1. Connection to mains, terminals (X1 to X4).
•
As this is an equipment with class I protection against
electrical shocks, it is essential to install the protection earth
conductor (connect earth (
)). Connect this conductor to
terminal (X5), before supplying voltage to the input terminals.
• Equipments without static Bypass line, in accordance with the
safety standard EN-IEC 62040-1, installation has to be provided
with a «Backfeed protection» system, as for example a
contactor, which will prevent the appearance of dangerous
voltage or energy in the UPS input mains during a mains fault.
The standard is applicable both if power supply is single phase or
three phase and for single units, and for each UPS of the parallel
system.
•
If it’s required more detailed information for particular
system configuration, ask for the relating «Recommended
installation» information. In that information is shown the
circuit diagram, as well as the protection size and minimum
cross section of the wires that are connected to the
equipment, taking into account the nominal operating
voltage. All figures are calculated for a maximum total
cable length of 30 m between the distribution panel
board, equipment and loads.
For longer lengths correct the cross sections accordingly, in
order to avoid dropping voltages, by respecting the Regulations
or norms corresponding to the country.
In the own documentation and for each setting, it is available
the information for «N» units in parallel, as well as the features
of the own «Backfeed protection».
•
There can be no derivation in the line that goes from the
5.2.2. Connection of separate static bypass line,
terminals (X14 a X17). UPS B version only.
• As this is an equipment with class I protection against electrical
shocks, it is essential to install the protection earth conductor
(connect earth ( )). Connect this conductor to terminal (X5),
before supplying voltage to the input terminals.
• Equipments with static Bypass line, in accordance with the
safety standard EN-IEC 62040-1, installation has to be provided
with a «Backfeed protection» system, as for example a
contactor, which will prevent the appearance of dangerous
voltage or energy in the UPS input mains during a mains fault.
The standard is applicable both if power supply is single phase or
three phase and for single unit, and for each UPS of the parallel
system.
•
If it’s required more detailed information for particular
system configuration, ask for the relating «Recommended
installation» information. In that information is shown the
circuit diagram, as well as the protection size and minimum
cross section of the wires that are connected to the
equipment, taking into account the nominal operating
voltage. All figures are calculated for a maximum total
cable length of 30 m between the distribution panel board,
equipment and loads.
For longer lengths correct the cross sections accordingly,
inorder to avoid dropping voltages, by respecting the
Regulations or norms corresponding to the country.
«Backfeed protection» to the UPS, as the safety standard
would be infringed.
• Warning labels should be placed on all primary power switches
installed in locations away from the equipment to alert the
electrical maintenance staff of the presence of a UPS in the
circuit.
The label will bear the following or an equivalent text:
In the own documentation and for each setting, it is available
the information for «N» units in parallel, as well as the features
of the own «Backfeed protection».
•
There can be no derivation in the line that goes from the
«Backfeed protection» to the UPS, as the safety standard
would be infringed.
• Warning labels should be placed on all primary power switches
installed in places away from the equipment to alert the
electrical maintenance staff of the presence of a UPS in the
circuit.
Before working on this circuit.
Isolate the Uninterruptible Power System (UPS).
Check the voltage between all terminals, including the
protective earth.
Risk of UPS backfeed voltage.
• Connect the input cables to the respective terminals according
to the available equipment setting.
For parallel systems, it will be necessary to repeat the
connections that go from panel board to each equipment.
32
(X8) and (X9), respecting the phase rotation and neutral
indicated on the label of the equipment and in this manual. If the
phase rotation is not respected, the equipment will not operate.
In case of discrepancies between the label and the instructions
of this manual, the label will always prevail.
Connection to single phase output:
Connect the loads to U-N output terminals (X6) and (X9),
respecting the order of phase and neutral indicated on
the label of the equipment and in this manual. If the order of the
phase and neutral is not respected, the equipment will be
damaged seriously.
In case of discrepancies between the label and the instructions
of this manual, the label will always prevail.
• With respect to the protection that must be placed on the
output of the switchgear or manual bypass panel board, we
recommend that the output power should be distributed in at
least four lines. Each one should have a circuit breaker
protection switch of the suitable value. This type of output
power distribution will allow, in the event of a breakdown in
any of the machines connected to the equipment that causes a
short circuit, will only affect to the line that is faulty. The rest of
the connected loads will have their continuity assured due to
the tripping of the protection of the line affected by the short
circuit only.
The label will bear the following or an equivalent text:
Before working on this circuit.
Isolate the Uninterruptible Power System (UPS).
Check the voltage between all terminals, including the
protective earth.
Risk of UPS backfeed voltage.
• Connect the bypass input cables to the respective terminals
according to the available equipment setting.
For parallel systems, it will be needed to repeat the connections
that go from panel board to each equipment.
Connection to three phase bypass mains:
Connect the power supply cables R-S-T-N to the bypass
terminals (X14), (X15), (X16) and (X17), respecting the
phase rotation and neutral indicated on the label of the
equipment and in this manual. If the phase rotation is not
respected, the equipment will not operate.
In case of discrepancies between the labelling and the instructions of this manual, the label will always prevail.
Connection to single phase bypass mains:
Connect the power supply cables R-N to the bypass terminals
(X14) and (X17), respecting the order of phase and neutral
indicated on the label of the equipment and in this manual. If the
order of the phase and neutral is not respected, the equipment
will be damaged seriously.
In case of discrepancies between the label and the instructions
of this manual, the label will always prevail.
5.2.4. (X11, X12 and X23), with the battery modules (X47, X48
and X49).
•
As this is an equipment with class I protection against
electrical shocks, it is essential to install the protection earth
conductor (connect earth ( )). Connect this conductor
to terminal (X5), before supplying voltage to the input
terminals.
• The original type of the battery circuit, preset from factory is
opened.
5.2.3. Connection to the output, terminals (X6 to X9).
•
•
As this is an equipment with class I protection against
electrical shocks, it is essential to install the protection earth
conductor (connect earth ( ) ). Connect this conductor
to terminal (X5), before supplying voltage to the input
terminals.
The «Recommended installation» information for each input
and output setting is available with the supplied
documentation, manual and/or CD. In that information is
shown the circuit dia- gram, as well as the protection size and
minimum cross section of the wires that are connected to
the equipment, taking into account the nominal operating
voltage. All figures are calculated for a maximum total
cable length of 30 m between the distribution panel
board, equipment and loads.
For longer lengths correct the cross sections accordingly, in
order to avoid dropping voltages, by respecting the Regulations
or norms corresponding to the country.
In the own documentation and for each setting, it is available
the information for «N» units in parallel.
– +
Put the fuses in the corresponding fuse holder switch and
turn it «On» when it is indicated only, never before. To
operate in other way, can cause irreversible damages to the
equipment or serious and/or very serious injuries to the
fitter, as he has been exposed to a possible electrical
discharge during the connection of the UPS with the battery
set or battery cabinet.
•
Do manoeuvre the battery fuse holder switch and/or
switch, when the equipment is turned on. This
mechanisms cannot be turned on/off with load.
• The connection of the battery cabinet with a UPS with power
rate higher than 20 kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV) or for B1 models, will
be done with the supplied cable bundle, by connecting one side
to terminals (X11), (X23) and (X12) of UPS and the other one
to terminals (X47), (X49) and (X48) of battery module, always
respecting the stated polarity on the labelling of each element
and this manual, as well as the colour of the cables (red for
positive, black for negative, blue for middle tap (N) and greenyellow for earth bonding), see Fig. 33.
• Connect the output cables to the respective terminals
according to the available equipment setting.
For parallel systems, it will be needed to repeat the connections
that go from panel board to each equipment.
Connection to three phase output:
Connect the loads to U-V-W-N output terminals (X6), (X7),
33
UPS
UPS
Battery cabinet
Battery cabinet 1
+N–
+N–
+N–
Battery cabinet «N»
+N–
+N–
Fig. 33. Example of connection between UPS and two battery
cabinets.
Fig. 32. Connection between UPS and battery cabinet.
• For extended back up times with more than one battery module
or cabinet, the connection will always be done in parallel among
them and the equipment.
So, cable with black colour, from the UPS negative to the negative
of the first battery cabinet and from this negative to the second
battery cabinet and so on. Proceed in the same way, for connecting
the positive red cable, the blue cable of the middle tap (N) and for
the green-yellow of the earth bonding.
As an example Fig. 33 shows the connection between one UPS
and two battery cabinets. Proceed in the same way when
connecting more modules.
• In case of belonging or being connected to parallel system, the
connection of the batteries with the UPS don not have any
difference as regards to a single equipment, because by default,
each battery set is connected directly with its UPS, regardless
of the quantity of battery cabinets.
• Also, as an option, there is another structure, a common battery
set for parallel system of two equipments fitted in a cabinet or
rack.
The connection of each UPS with the battery cabinet will be
done with the supplied cable bundle, by connecting one side to
terminals (X11), (X23) and (X12) of UPS and the other one to
terminals (X47), (X49) and (X48) of battery module, always
respecting the stated polarity on the labelling of each element
and this manual, as well as the colour of the cables (red for
positive, black for negative, blue for middle tap (N) and greenyellow for earth bonding), see Fig. 34.
Repeat the same procedure with the other UPS.
• This set can be extended in back up time and be based on
several units connected in parallel among them and the own
UPSs.
•
Electrical discharge danger. If after starting up
UPS 1
Battery cabinet
UPS 2
+N–
+N–
+N–
Fig. 34. Example of connection of two UPSs in parallel and a
common battery set.
5.2.5. Connection to the input main protecting earth
terminal (X5) and the earth bonding terminal
(X10) .
.
•
As this is an equipment with class I protection against
electrical shocks, it is essential to install the protection earth
conductor (connect earth ( )). Connect this conductor
to terminal (X5), before supplying voltage to the input
terminals.
• Make sure that all the loads connected to the UPS are only
connected to the earth bonding terminal ( ). The fact of not
re- stricting the earthing of the load or loads and/or the batteries
cabinet or cabinets to this single point will create backfeed loops
the UPS, it is required to disconnect the battery
cabinet, the equipment has to be completely shutdown (see section
6.5). Turn off the battery fuse holder switch (Q8) located in the
battery cabinet and/or fuse holder switch or switch (Q3) located in
the UPS. Wait 5 min. at least till the filter capacitors have been
discharged.
34
to earth that will affect to the quality of the power supplied.
• The base of front door (PF) has a slot to facilitate the entering and
way out of the communication cables inside the UPS. Watch to not
trap them between the door and cabinet when closing it.
• All the terminals identified as earth bonding (
), are joined
together, to the main protective earthing terminal ( ) and to
the ground of the equipment.
5.2.7. RS-232 and RS-485 COM ports. Connector (X31).
5.2.6. Relay COM port. Connector (X32).
•
•
The communications line (COM) is a very low voltage
circuit of safety. To preserve the quality, it must be
installed separate from other lines that have dangerous
voltages (power distribution line).
• The relay communication port provides digital signals in dry
contacts form with a maximum applicable voltage and current
of 6 A 30 V DC or 6 A 100 V AC. This channel makes possible the
dialogue between the UPS and any other machines or devices,
through the DB9 male connector (X32).
Pin nr
Relay
Type of signal
•
•
Contact by default
N.C.-N.O.
1
Shutdown signal +
-
2
Shutdown signal –
-
3
RL5
Configurable ((OPTIONAL)
N.C. or N.O.
4
RL2
Discharge - Mains fault
N.C.
5
RL1 to RL5
Common
-
6
RL1
Equipment on Bypass
N.O.
7
RL3
Low battery
N.O.
8
RL4
General alarm
N.O.
9
RL2
Discharge - Mains fault
N.O.
•
•
N.O. and N.C.: Normally opened and closed contact
respectively.
It changes its status, when the corresponding alarm is
triggered.
•
Table 2. Relay interface alarm pin-out, DB9 connector (X32).
5
(X31)
9
1
6
1
(X32)
6
5
The communications line (COM) is a very low voltage
circuit of safety. To preserve the quality, it must be
installed separate from other lines that have dangerous
voltages (power distribution line).
In the same DB9 connector there are supplied both communication
ports of the equipment, the RS-232 and RS-485. Both ports cannot
be used at the same time, because they are mutually exclusive.
Both channels are used for connecting the UPS with any
machine or devices that has this standard bus.
The RS-232 consists of the transmission of serial data, so it is
possible to send a large amount of information through a
communication cable of just 3 wires.
Physical structure of the RS-232.
Pin 2. RXD. Serial data reception.
Pin 3. TXD. Serial data transmission.
Pin 5. GND. Ground signal.
Physical structure of the RS-485.
Unlike other serial communication links, this uses only 2 wires
(pins 4 and 9 of the female DB9 connector) to make the dialogue
among the systems connected to the network. The
communication will be established by sending and receiving
signals in differential mode, which gives the system great
immunity to noise and a long range (approx. 800 m).
Pin 4. Output signal A (+) of the RS-485.
Pin 9. Output signal B (–) of the RS-485.
Communication protocol.
The communication protocol used is «MASTER/SLAVE» type.
The computer or computer system («MASTER») asks about a
certain data, and the UPS («SLAVE») answers immediately with
the required data.
If this communication way, is going to be used, ask for the
protocol IN467*00.
Firstly the communication channel of the computer will be
programmed with the same parameters as the communication
channel of the UPS.
Then we will be ready to start the communication and therefore
send to the UPS the first question.
If there is any problem meanwhile communicating, it will be
advisable to repeat the initialization sequence of the channel.
• The communication parameters of the RS-232 and RS-485 are:
Baud rate: 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 or 19200 Bauds.
Nr of data bits: 8 Bits.
Nr of stop bits: 1 or 2 Bits.
Type of parity: Even, Odd or None.
• The base of front door (PF) has a slot to facilitate the entering and
way out of the communication cables inside the UPS. Watch to not
trap them between the door and cabinet when closing it.
9
Fig. 35. DB9 connector (X31) and (X32).
• By default the equipment is supplied with 4 signal relays with
a preset programming (see chart 2), which can be modified at
factory or by teh S.T.S. under request. Chart 6 shows all the
alarms that can be set to any relay. A fifth relay can be supplied
as an option and under request, which can be defined in the
purchase order.
Also, there is a «Shutdown» input that allows turning off the
inverter, when there is a voltage between (5÷ 12 V) at this input.
• The most common use of these kinds of ports is to supply the
necessary information to the file closing software.
35
terminal strip (X34) are supplied, to connect the battery
temperature probe that allows compensating the floating voltage
according to the ambient temperature.
• Any wire connected to the terminals (X34), (X45) and (X51), will
be entered into the equipment through the cable bushing (PR).
5.2.8. EPO terminals (X50).
• All UPSs have two terminals to install an external emergency
button to shutdown the output (EPO).
• In case it was required to install a switch or button (EPO) in a
single equipment, the cable bridge that closes the circuit has to
be removed from terminal strip (X50) first.
• For a parallel system, two different solutions can be applied,
which are the following:
Connect the button (EPO) in only one equipment of the
parallel system. Remove the cable bridge from terminals
(X50) in the equipment that it is only connected.
5.2.9.1. Terminal strip, auxiliary contact of manual
bypass switch (X51).
.
• Terminal strip (X51) of two pins of the UPS, is connected in
parallel with the normally opened auxiliary contact of the switch
or manual bypass switch of the equipment.
• Switchgear panel board with manual bypass manufactured by
us (option), there is a terminal strip of two terminals connected
in parallel with the normally opened auxiliary contact of the
switch or manual bypass switch of the own switchgear panel
board. Any auxiliary contact of the manual bypass are moved on
in advance when closing.
In case of fault and removing of the equipment that has
physically connected the button (EPO), there is the risk of
leaving the system without the emergency stopping, unless
it is reconnected to the other operative UPSs.
Connect a button (EPO) to each equipment of the parallel
system. To do that, remove all the cable bridges from
terminals (X50) in each equipment.
Therefore, the functionality of the (EPO) will be kept in each
one of them, regardless what occurs in the rest of
equipments of the parallel system.
By means of the own communication BUS among the
equipments that make the parallel system, any action over any
button will affect to the whole.
• In any case, the switch or button (EPO) has to be normally closed
(NC), so the emergency shutdown order will be triggered when
opening the circuit between these terminals (X50).
•
In case of acquiring a switchgear panel board
with manual bypass in another way, check that it has
the stated auxiliary contact and connect it to the
terminal strip (X51) of each equipment. As a must, the
auxiliary contact has to be moved on in advance when
closing.
•
It is ESSENTIAL as safety measure of the system,
loads included, to connect the terminal strips (X51) of
the UPSs with the terminal strip with the same functionality of
the switchgear panel board. This way, any wrong action
over any switch or manual bypass switch of the turned
on UPSs will avoid causing a total or partial fault of the
installation, loads included.
To restore the UPS to normal mode, invert the position of the
switch or button (EPO), -close the circuit between the terminals
(X50)-, unblock the button.
• To know the operating of (EPO), see section 6.6. of this manual.
• The base of front door (PF) has a slot to facilitate the entering and
way out of the communication cables inside the UPS. Watch to not
trap them between the door and cabinet when closing it.
(X50)
5.2.9.2. Terminal strip, auxiliary contact of output
switch (X45).
• This terminal strip of two pins is available in any equipment, but
it is useful in parallel systems only.
• Basically, the normally opened auxiliary contact of the output
switch, is extended till the terminal strip of two pins (X45).
Through the isolated cable as a bridge mode that is supplied
connected between both pins, the circuit is closed. Do not
remove in single equipments, because although the
equipment would be in operation, there would be an alarm of
output switch deactivated.
• In those installations with parallel systems, the cable as a bridge
mode connected between the two pins of the terminal strip
(X45) of each UPS has to be removed, and connected to the
terminals corresponding to the auxiliary contact of the output
switch of the switchgear panel board.
EPO
(Output
Emergency
Shutdown)
Fig. 36. Connection terminals for emergency shutdown switch or
button (EPO), belonging to the end/user.
5.2.9. Auxiliary contact and battery temperature probe
terminal strip.
•
•
All the equipments are provided with terminal strip that
corresponds to the auxiliary contacts of manual bypass (X51)
and output (X45) switches.
• Also in the equipments either with separate battery cabinet
(models >20 kVA (LV) / >40 kVA (HV)), the additional
36
In case of acquiring a switchgear panel board by
yourself, check if the output auxiliary contact is
available and connect it to the terminal strip (X45) of
each equipment. As a must, the auxiliary contact has to
be moved on in advance when opening.
See Fig. 6 to 14 for COM
port physical layout.
5.2.9.3. Terminal strip, battery temperature probe (X34).
For batteries in a separate cabinet only.
• As the battery manufacturer recommends a variable floating
voltage depending on the ambient temperature.
The control of this feature will be done through the
measurement of the temperature by means of a probe, located
inside the cabinet itself when batteries and equipment are
fitted in the same enclosure.
For those cases that batteries are supplied in a separate cabinet
out from the own UPS (models >20 kVA (LV) / >40 kVA (HV),
there will be a terminal strip of two pins (X34), that allows
bringing the probe located at the end of a two wires bundle with
4.5 m., till inside the battery cabinet.
The connection of the two wires from the cable bundle to the
terminal strip (X34) does not have polarity.
• Also via this probe the ambient temperature inside the battery
cabinet can be visualized in the control panel with LCD.
• The bundle with the probe will always be supplied already
connected to the terminal strip (X34), so it is only necessary to
cut the clamp that keep it rolled, to take it out from the UPS
cabinet and enter it into the battery cabinet, in both cases,
through the foreseen cable bushing (PR).
Fig. 37. Connection of the communication BUS.
5.2.10.1. Connection of the communication or BUS bundle (BC).
.
• Respect the sequence and connection order of the communication
BUS among correlative equipments.
Although the order of the connections of communication BUS
among equipments are made, is not important, on condition
that the communication loop is completed or closed properly, it
is advisable to carry out the connections with the immediately
next equipments in order simplify the connection.
• The connection limit of the installation, will be determined by
the quantity of available equipments to parallel and in any case
till a maximum of four units.
• Each equipment has two HDB15 connectors for the
communications among them, one male labelled as “Output”
(X36°) and another one female as “Input”
(X36° ).
i
• In the same way, all the bundles supplied with the equipments,
are equal in connections and length.
5.2.10. Connection of parallel BUS (X36i) and (X36o).
• This section is only useful for parallel systems.
• For the correct operation of the parallel functions and operating,
any unit connected in parallel are continuously communicated
among them. It is achieved by means of the called
communication line or BUS.
• Any operation of this section, regarding parallel systems, has to
be done by authorised staff of our firm.
• Once the power connections of the UPSs of the parallel systems
are done, it is needed to make the ones related to the control
or communication BUS. To do it, connect them in a sequential
way, two lines of the communication BUS between a unit and
its adjacent.
• Together with each UPS of a parallel system, it is supplied a 15
wires bundle with HDB15 connectors at both ends, one male
and the other one female, with a length of 5 m. Therefore, there
will be as many communication BUS bundles (BC), as quantity
of equipments to parallel have the system.
DO NOT MODIFY THE COMMUNICATION BUS
BUNDLE, OR THE CONNECTORS UNDER ANY
CONCEPT.
• Take one of the bundles and insert the HDB15 female connector
located in one of its ends, into the male connector labelled as
“Output” (X36° ), in any of the equipments of the system and
insert the HDB15 male connector located in the opposite end of
the bundle into the female connector labelled as “Input” (X36 i )
Of the adjoining equipment.
• Repeat the previous step with each equipment of the system,
till closing the communication BUS loop or ring.
• As an example, Fig. 37 shows, how the communication BUS
connections have to be done.
37
Although this illustration is not representative for the complete
UPS series, as for the format of the cabinet, terminal layout or size
and/or switches, as well as the own communication ports, it
expects to be a guide to clarify the possible doubts on how the
communication loop has to be connected.
To see the physical layout of the COM connectors for each
power rate, refer to the illustrations of figures 6 to 14.
• The base of front door (PF) has a slot to facilitate the entering and
way out of the communication cables inside the UPS. Watch to not trap
them between the door and cabinet when closing it
38
6.1.
6. OPERATING.
PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS.
• It is very important to always operate in the established order
in the described instructions in the next sections, by respecting
the sequence of the switches in relation to its function.
So, i.e. in parallel system based on four equipments, when it is
stated to turn on the «Input» mechanisms, the order of turning
on them will not matter, but any other switch with different
function as it could be «Output» switch will not be turned on,
till is stated.
• Unlike other UPS structures, where the «Master» and «Slave»
equipments are preset strictly from factory, conditioning the
order of start up and shutdown, the new UPS series is
managed by a more flexible hierarchy according to the
operating mode that it is.
• During the description of this section, it is detailed the procedure
to follow to get the different functionalities, considering a system
of «n» equipments connected in parallel.
If in your case, it is available only one UPS from UPS, series,
proceed in the same order, but simplifying the operating for a
single unit.
•
As it has been stated before, it is advisable to have an
external manual bypass panel board equipped with
input, output, static bypass (UPS B version only) and manual
bypass protections, in single installations.
For parallel systems up to two units it is very advisable
having a switchgear panel board and for systems with 3 or 4
equipments, it is essential. Switches of the panel board
have to allow isolating a UPS from the system against any
wrong operating and feeding the loads with the rest ones,
either during the preventive maintenance period or the
reparation of itself.
6.2.
START UP
6.2.1. Control before start up
˙ Carefully make sure that all the connections have been made
correctly and are sufficiently tight, respecting the labelling of the
device and the instructions of chapter «4.- Installation and
wiring of the unit».
Therefore it has been considered appropriate and naturally,
to contemplate in the instructions of the equipment, the
operating of a system with «n» equipments connected in
parallel with their respective external manual bypass
panel board as it is shown in the «Recommended
installation» documentation included in the CD.
This panel board allows isolating each equipment individually in
case of fault and removing it without any difficulty for its
reparation or replacement. Also, the included manual bypass
switch makes easier the preventive maintenance tasks or
intervention over the complete system, supplying the voltage
to the loads directly from mains, on the «bypass» mode
operating, mean- while the input voltage is available.
In those installations without the external manual bypass panel
board, omit the actions and steps that involve the manoeuvring
of their switches.
˙ Check that the UPS switches and the batteries cabinet or
cabinets are turned off (position «Off»).
˙ Be sure that all the loads are turned «Off».
6.2.2.
Start up procedure
It is very important to operate in the established order, considering
the following instructions.
Confirm YES Turn ON
UPS
ON
Main
()()
(Ent)
()()
() ()
(Ent) screen
1.0
() ()

(Ent)
screen 1.3
Back

39
screen 1.2
Confirm YES DO Battery
Test
Battery Test
Fig.38. Procedure start-up / shutdown.
1.1
Confirm YES Turn OFF
UPS
OFF
Control
screen 0.0
(Ent)) screen
(Ent)
screen 1.0
˙If the UPS connects to external battery cabinet, set the fuse holder
switch of the battery cabinet(Q8) to «On».
following screen diagram (Fig. 33).
˙If the power supply you use to supply the UPS has a general switch.
Set the general switch of the header board to «On».
• After 30 seconds, the inverters and rectifiers of each UPS will start
up, but they will not supply voltage at their output yet because the
output switches are not turned on yet.
˙Turn the input switch (Q1a) to «On» position. The Display of the
Control Panel (PC) will be turned on automatically.
The first UPS to start up the inverter will be set as «Paral. Mst. Byp»
initially, the one with the highest address as «Paral. Slv. By.Rsv» and
the rest, if there are any as «Paral. Slv. By». Obviously in those
systems with two equipments, the «Paral. Slv. By» will not exist.
˙If the following alarm message appears on the Control Panel
Display ...
The UPS heriarchy relating to the rest of equipments of the system is
a dynamic depending on the status of the rest of the equipments:
! MAINS PHASE ROT. UPS START INH.
–– «Paral. Mst. Byp» Bypass master of the parallel system. By default,
it is the first UPS that starts up the inverter by the previous
established procedure.
.. and also an audible alarm comes on, the UPS cannot be started,
because of incorrect input phase sequence. Disconnect the input
switch (Q1a) and the general cut-off of the header board, swap the
phases of the input terminals of the UPS according to the labelling
and repeat the start-up process described up to now.
–– «Paral. Slv. By.Rsv» Reserved bypass slave. Initially corresponds to
the equipment with the highest address less the one with «Bypass
Master». In case of fault in the Master, it will take its functions.
˙In units with separate Bypass (UPS-B), also turn the Bypass switch
(Q4) to «On» position.
–– «Paral. Slv. Byp» Bypass slave of parallel system (for systems with
more than two equipments only). It will become as «Reserved bypass
Slave», when it works as «Bypass Master». In those systems with
more than three equipments in parallel, the heriarchy of «Reserved
bypass Slave» will be taken by the highest address among the
«Bypass Slave».
˙If the following alarm message appears on the Control Panel
Display ...
! MAINS PHASE ROT. UPS START INH.
–– «Paral. Mst. Volt» Voltage Master of parallel system. By default, it
is the first UPS running on normal mode (inverter in operation) that
the output switch (Q2) is turned «On».
... and also an audible alarm comes on, the UPS cannot be started,
because of incorrect input phase sequence. Disconnect the Bypass
switch (Q4) and the general cut-off of the header board, swap the
phases of the input bypass terminals of the UPS according to the
labelling and repeat the start-up process described up to now.
–– «Paral. Slv. Vt.Rsv» Reserved voltage slave of parallel system.
Equipment on normal mode (inverter in operation), that the output
switch (Q2) has been turned «On» in 2nd place or subsequently (after
«Paral. Mst. Volt» or «Paral. Mst. Vt.Rsv»). Initially, it corresponds to
the equipment with the highest address less that one with «Voltage
Master». In case of fault in the Master it will take its functions.
At this point, with no alarm active, green LED indications of Input
Voltage OK, and orange LED indication of Unit on Bypass should light
((a), (b) from Fig. 34).
–– «Paral. Slv. Volt» Voltage Slave of parallel system (systems with
more than two equipments only). Equipment on normal mode
(inverter in operation), that the output switch (Q2) is turned «On» in
2nd place or subsequently (after the «Paral. Mst. Volt» or «Paral. Mst.
Vt.Rsv»). It will become as «Reserved voltage slave», when it works
as «Voltage Master». In those systems with more than three
equipments in parallel, the heriarchy of «Reserved voltage slave» will
be taken by the highest address between the «Voltage slave».
Start up the inverter, one by one through the keypad of the control
panel
The start up operation will be done through the keypad of the control
panel ((3) from Fig. 34). Select «CNTL» and Press(ENT) into control
submenu (screen 1.0), and then select «ON» and Press(ENT) once.
You will get to screen 1.1, asking you to start the unit up yes or not,
you can select Yes and pressing (ENT). See following screen diagram
(Fig. 33).
• Make sure that the inverter voltage is same, e.g.: 230Vac
• Turn all output switches from panel «On».
• Turn the output switch (Q2) of each UPS «On».
The system will supply voltage at the output terminals of the
protection panel.
• Make sure that the inverter LED (c) is turned on (green), and bypass
LED (b) is turned off in all UPSs (see Fig. 34). If the led status is not
the correct one, contact with the S.T.S. (Service and Technical
Support).
If you want to start up a parallel system, you should follow the steps
below.
At this point, with no alarm active, green LED indications of Input
Voltage OK. Start up the inverter, one by one through the keypad of
the control panel. The start-up operation will be done through the
keypad of the control panel ((3) from Fig. 34). Select «CNTL» and
Press(ENT) into control submenu (screen 1.0), and then select «ON»
and Press(ENT) once. You will get to screen 1.1, asking you to start
the unit up yes or not, you can select Yes and pressing (ENT). See
˙Once the rectifier is completely working, it starts a process of
40
equalization (DC bus voltage starts to equalize with battery
voltage). After a few seconds (depending on the battery level), an
alarm message like this ...
■ Equipments are sharing the load on inverter. Therefore:
– Output switches (Q2) are turned «On».
– Inverters are running and static switches are on inverter.
6.3 SHUTDOWN OF ONE EQUIPMENT OF THE SYSTEM
!BATT. SWITCH OPEN SWITCH IT ON
• Turn the output switch (Q2) of the UPS to shutdown «Off». In the
screen 0.0 from LCD panel will display:
…it displays that the equalising process has been finished, and
IN THIS MOMENT ONLY is when the battery fuse holder switch or
switch of UPS (Q3) can be turned on.
Not connected
Screen 0.0
DO NOT TRY to close any battery fuse holder switch at any other
moment, because this operation could damage the equipment
and/or cause possible accidents. They can only be turned on by
following the quoted previous steps.
6.4 START UP THE PREVIOUS UPS AGAIN
• Start up the inverter by means of the keypad from control panel.
• Turn the output switch (Q2) of the UPS «On».
6.5. COMPLETE SHUTDOWN OF THE UPS
˙Shutdown the loads.
˙If the system has outgoing distribution protections, switch them
«Off».
˙Shutdown the inverter. Through the keypad of the control panel ((3)
from Fig. 39), go down to «CNTL» submenu (screen 1.0), and
select «OFF». You will get to screen 1.2, asking you to shutdown
the unit by pressing (ENT), see Fig 38
.
˙Turn the output switch (Q2) to «Off» position.
Fig.39. LED indications control panel (PC)
˙If the system has outgoing distribution protections, switch them
«On».
˙Start up the loads to be supplied in a progressive way. The
system is started up completely, and the loads are protected through
the UPS.
˙In standard units, set the input switch (Q1a) to «Off» position. In B
units, set the input switch (Q1a) and static bypass switch (Q4) to
«Off» position.
˙Turn fuse holder switch from battery cabinet (Q8) and/or battery
fuse holder switch or switch from UPS (Q3), to «Off».
• With the system running (switches turned «On»), when
shutdown or start up the inverter through the keypad of any UPS that
belongs to it, all of them will be turned «Off» or «On». In both cases,
the UPSs still supply output voltage at «On» position through the
inverters and «Off» position through the static bypass.
˙Cut the power supply of the UPS and the bypass with the cut-off or
general switch of the header board. The system will be completely
deactivated.
Electrical discharge hazard. If after shutdown of the equipment,
it is required to disconnect the separate battery pack/s, wait
several minutes (5 min. approx), till the electrolitic capacitors have
been discharged.
6.2.2.1 Take into consideration about Master and Slave
˙
• Bypass Master and Slave («Mst. Byp.», «Slv. Byp.», «Slv. By.Rsv»).
■ Master manages the status of its own static bypass switch
and the one of the Slave equipments.
■ Equipments that are not sharing the load by the inverters.
The cause can be any of the following:
– Output switch (Q2) turned «Off».
– Equipment output on bypass.
– Inverters are shutdown or in start up process.
• Voltage Master and Slave («Mst. Volt», «Slv. Volt», «Slv. Vt.Rsv»).
■ Master manages both the status of its own static bypass
switch and the inverter voltage, as well as the one of the
Slave equipments.
˙The equipment is completely shutdown.
6.6.
EMERGENCY POWER OFF (EPO) OPEARTION
Emergency Power Off (EPO) is equivalent to a complete unit system
halt:
˙All UPS converters are turned off (rectifier and inverter off).
˙No output voltage is supplied to the loads.
41
See table below for operation:
E.P.O. function
Terminals
(X50).
Normally
closed circuit
by means of
the provided
cable bridge (it
allows an
external switch
(EPO)).
Activation
(perform System
Halt)
Remote button
or switch has to
be opened
permanently in
terminal strip
(X50).
The UPS is supplying output voltage directly from the mains through
the manual bypass in units or from the mains of the static line bypass
in the version UPS-B units, through the manual bypass. The UPS is
completely shutdown and inactive.
Return to normalmode.
The equipment has to be
shutdown and deenergized
completely (turn off all
switches), wait till DC bus
is discharged (all LEDs and
LCD have to be turned off).
The equipment has to be
started up according to
section “5.1.2. Start up
procedure”.
6.7.3.
Procedure for switching from maintenance bypass to normal
operation:
˙In model with external battery cabinet, set fuse holder switch from
battery cabinet (Q8) to «On» position.
˙In standard units,, set the input switch (Q1a) to «On» position.
In B units, set the input switch (Q1a) and static bypass switch (Q4)
to «On» position.
Table.4. Emergency Power Off (EPO) operation
˙Set the output switch (Q2) to «On» position.
Emergency shutdown function (EPO) can only be activated through
the terminal strip (X50). In a parallel system, it is not needed to make
additional connections than there is just only one equipment, because
through the communication BUS, any action over the button will
affect to the joint of the parallel system.
˙Set the manual bypass switch (Q5) to «Off» position and refit the
mechanical block (BL) and the screws (t2).
It is an essential requirement for safety to refit the mechanical
block (BL), as this avoids dangerous handling for the life of the UPS
and the loads connected to it.
6.7. BYPASS MANUAL SWITCH (MAINTENANCE).
6.7.1.
˙Start up the inverter. The start up operation will be done through
the keypad of the control panel ((3) from Fig. 39). Select «CNTL»
and Press(ENT) into control submenu (screen 1.0), and then select
«ON» and Press(ENT) once. You will get to screen 1.1, asking you
to start the unit up yes or not, you can select Yes and pressing
(ENT). See screen diagram (Fig. 39).
Principle of operation.
The integrated manual bypass of the UPS is a very useful element,
but undue use can have irreversible consequences both for the UPS
and for the loads connected to its output. It is therefore important to
handle it as described in the following paragraphs.
6.7.2.
Transfer to normal operation.
The UPS supplies output voltage entirely protected against voltage
variations, electric noise, etc.
Transfer to maintenance bypass.
Procedure for passing from normal operation to maintenance bypass:
˙Wait for alarm message to appear:
˙Shutdown the inverter. Through the keypad of the control panel ((3)
from Fig. 39), go down to «CNTL» submenu (screen 1.0), and
select «OFF». You will get to screen 1.2, asking you to shutdown
the unit by pressing (ENT), see Fig 38.
!BATT. SWITCH OPEN SWITCH IT ON
˙Battery fuse holder switch or switch from UPS (Q3) can only be
turned «On» when the previous alarm message has been cancelled.
˙Remove the screws to that fixes the mechanical block (BL).
DO NOT TRY to close any battery fuse holder switch at any other
moment, because this operation could damage the equipment
and/or cause possible accidents. They can only be turned on by
following the quoted previous steps.
˙Remove the mechanical block (BL) of the manual bypass switch
(Q5) and set it to «On» position.
˙Set the output switch (Q2) to «Off» position.
˙The UPS supplies output voltage entirely protected against cuts,
micro cuts, voltage variations, electric noise, etc.
˙Set the Battery Fuse Holder or battery switch (Q3) to «Off».
Besides, in models with independent battery pack/s also turn
Battery Fuse Holder (Q8) of each pack to «Off».
˙In standard units, set the input switch (Q1a) to «Off» position.
In UPS-B units, set the input switch (Q1a) and static bypass switch
(Q4) to «Off» position.
42
• When pressing key (ESC) from any screen of any submenu, it is
gone back to previous screen, unless we are in any screen of
«Parameters» menu and setting any of them. If so, the first
pulsation of key (ESC) will stop blinking the value, and second
one will go back to main screen.
• Notes related with the screen map (see Fig. 41):
Some screens have a certain number of «–» characters.
Each one of it, means one character, so the maximum length
of the field will be determined by the quantity of them.
Each screen is labelled with a number located in its right
bottom corner. It is only included as a mere reference for its
next description and explanation.
7. DESCRIPTION OF THE CONTROL PANEL.
7.1. CONTROL PANEL PARTS.
(1)
LED indicators:
(a) Rectifier input voltage OK (green).
(b) Equipment on bypass (orange).
(c) Inverter is working (green).
(d) Equipment running from batteries -mains failure- (red).
(e) In case of any alarm of the equipment (red).
(2)
Graphic Display.
(3)
Keyboard
ENT
«Enter» key. Confirmation of orders, program values (or
other specified functions)
«Left» key for submenu navigation, or cursor displacement.
«Right» key for submenu navigation, or cursor displacement.
«Up» key for menu page navigation, or digit modification.
«Down» key menu page navigation, or digit modification.
CNTL (Control&
Status of the unit)
(Ent) screen
1.0
MEAS
(Measures)
ESC
«Escape» key. Return to main screen, cancel/finish
programming (or other specified functions).
()()
MAIN
2.0
(Ent) screen
3.0
(Ent)screen
4.0
SET(Settings)
() ()

screen 0.0
The input/output/battery
voltage and the power flow
(Ent) screen
AIARM(Alarms)

DATA(Datalogger)

(Ent)screen
Fig. 41. Display messages menus and classification in submenus
7.2.1. Messages menus and classification of the
submenus.
Fig. 40. Control panel parts
• Use () and () keys to choose between different menus
(1.0, …, 5.0) and Press ENT to enter into the subscreen.
7.2. BASIC FUNCTIONS OF THE SYNOPTIC KEYPAD.
• Through keys advance () and return (), there is access to
all the menus of the LCD panel, being able to move from one to
another.
• Through keys right () or left (), there is access to the screens
of all the submenus of the LCD panel, being able to move from
one to another with themselves.
• Key (ENT), has different purposes depending on the menu we
are:
Setting values. Press key (ENT) to activate the setting
function, the figures in the screen blink. With keys ()-()
the character to set is selected and with keys ()-() the
value is selected. To confirm press (ENT). Next field will
blink, to continue doing settings proceed in the same way
or press (ESC) to return to no-setting situation.
Validation of orders or commands.
7.3.
SCREEN DESCRIPTION
7.3.1.
Main level (screen menu 0.0). See Fig. 42
˙Screen 0.0: Main presentation screen, with time and date
indication.
Initialization:After power on
43
5.0
Screen 1.1 Turn on UPS
˙Screen 1.3: to order a battery test. On the second row, information
about the battery test is given. Possible messages:
“NOT AVAILABLE“: The battery test is not available.
“PRESS <ENTER>“: Press <ENTER> to run the battery test.
“EXECUTING“: The battery test is running.
“SUCCESSFUL“: The battery test has been successful.
“NOT SUCCESSFUL”: The battery test has not been successful.
Using key (ESC) or Enter the Icon home(
) from any screen of any
submenu , we can go back to main screen (Screen 0.0),
Fig.42. Screen 0.0 Main Screen.
7.3.2. ‘‘CONTROL & STATUS OF THE UNIT” Level (screen
menu 1.0). See Fig. 43.
Fig.43. Screen 1.0 Control Screen
˙Screens 1.1 and screen 1.2 : to start and stop the unit through the
control panel.
For procedure for starting and stopping, see chapters 6.2 and 6.5.
Confirm YES Turn ON
UPS
ON
Main
()()
(Ent)
()()
(Ent) screen
1.0
() ()

(Ent)
screen 1.3
Back

44
screen 1.2
Confirm YES DO Battery
Test
Battery Test
Fig.44 Control Menu Level
1.1
Confirm YES Turn OFF
UPS
OFF
Control
() ()
screen 0.0
(Ent)) screen
(Ent)
screen 1.0
phase for single phase equipment (units 0.1A).
DC bus voltages positive and negative (units 0.1V).
Battery voltages positive and negative (units 0.1V).
Screen 1.2 Turn off UPS
˙Screen 2.2:
Three phase inverter output voltages phases to neutral, or for single
phase inverter output phase to neutral (units 0.1V).
Inverter output current per each phase for three phase equipments or
per phase for single phase equipment (units 0.1A).
Three phase bypass voltages phases to neutral, or for single phase
bypass phase to neutral (units 0.1V).
Bypass current per each phase for three phase equipments or per
phase for single phase equipment (units 0.1A).
Charge battery currents positive and negative (units 0.1A).
Discharge battery currents positive and negative (units 0.1A).
Screen 1.3 Battery Test
7.3.3.
‘‘MEASURES’’ level (screen menu 2.0).
˙Screen 2.3:
Input apparent power of L1 (units 0.1kVA).
Input apparent power of L2 (units 0.1kVA).
Input apparent power of L3 (units 0.1kVA).
Input active power of L1 (units 0.1kW).
Input active power of L2 (units 0.1kW).
Input active power of L3 (units 0.1kW).
˙Screen 2.1:
Input voltages phase to phase (units 0.1V).
Three phase input voltages phases to neutral or for single phase input
phase to neutral (units 0.1V).
Input current per each phase for three phase equipments or per phase
for single phase equipment (units 0.1A).
Three phase output voltages phases to neutral, or for single phase
output phase to neutral (units 0.1V).
Output current per each phase for three phase equipments or per
Total input apparent power and active power (units 0.1kVA & 0,1kW).
Input power factor per each phase in three phase equipments or
power factor for single phase equipments (units 0.01).
Input, bypass and output frequencies (units 0.1Hz).
45
Rectifier, inverter and battery temperatures (units 1ºC).
Screen 3.1:
You can select the Theme of Main screen, choosing one of your
favourite Theme
You can program the time “hh:mm:ss” (hours/minutes/seconds) and
the date “dd/mm/yy” (day/month/year).
˙Screen 2.4:
Apparent output power L1 (units 0.1kVA).
Apparent output power L2 (units 0.1kVA).
Apparent output power L3 (units 0.1kVA).
Active output power L1 (units 0.1kW).
Active output power L2 (units 0.1kW).
Active output power L3 (units 0.1kW).
You can select the display language between the following options:
“English_UK”
“简体中文”
“繁體中文”
“Deutsch”
“Espanol”
“Français”
“Česky”
“English_US”
Total apparent and active powers (units 0.1kVA and 0,1kW).
Output power factor of each phase for three phase equipments or
power factor for single phase equipments (units 0.01).
Output load of three phases (units 0.1%).
Total input load and total output load (units 0.1%).
You can program the Modbus Address. The range of addresses goes
from 1 to 247.
Estimated backup time (units 1minute).
7.3.4.
You can program the Service Phone, Service contactor, Service mail
and Service Address
‘‘Settings’’ level (screen menu 3.0). See Fig. 45.
˙Screen 3.2: In this screen you can program the BAUD RATE of
communication port #0 and port#2. The options are the following:
Fig.45. Screen 3.0 «Settings» and its submenus.
‘’1200’’
‘’2400’’
46
‘’4800’’
‘’9600’’
‘’19200’’
‘’THU”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
thursday.
‘’FRI”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
friday.
‘’SAT”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
saturday.
‘’SUN”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
sunday.
You can program the PARITY type of communication port #0 and port
#2. The options are the following:
‘’NONE”
‘’ODD’’
The line Hour:Minute only have sense to be programmed if the
automatic battery test is enabled. you can program the time “hh:mm”
(hours/minutes) in 24h format.
‘’EVEN’’
You can program the number of STOP BITS of communication port
#0 and port #2. The options are the following:
The Line Month/Day only have sense to be programmed if the
automatic battery test runs monthly or yearly. you can program the
day from 1 to 31 and the month selecting one of the following options:
‘’1’’
‘’12’’
‘’JAN”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
january.
‘’FEB”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
february.
‘’MAR”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
march.
‘’APR”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
april.
‘’MAY”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
may.
‘’JUN”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
june.
‘’JUL”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test
july.
‘’AUG”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
august.
‘’SEP”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
september.
You can program the protocol type of communication port #0 and
port #2. The options are the following:
‘’SEC’’
‘’MODBUS’’
is
is
is
is
is
is
‘’OCT”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
october.
“NOV”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
november.
‘’DEC”: the selected month to run yearly the battery test is
december.
˙Screen 3.3: the screen for programming the frequency of the
automatic battery test. The options for the Type to be
programmed are the following:
˙Screen 3.4: Advanced Setting
‘’DISABLED’’: The automatic battery test is disabled.
‘’WEEKLY’’: The automatic battery test runs once per week.
‘’MONTHL’’: The automatic battery test runs once per month.
‘’YEARLY’’: The automatic battery test runs once per year.
The line Weekday only have sense to be programmed if the
automatic battery test runs once per week. The options to be
programmed are the following:
‘’MON”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
monday.
‘’TUE”: the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
tuesday.
‘’WED”:the selected day to run weekly the battery test is
wednesday.
Fig.46. Screen 3.4 «Advanced Setting».
47
At this level an authorized password will be required to modify some
advanced parameters.
and microcontroller (“uC Ver:”). In the sample screen, “ver. 3.2 a” and
“ver. 2.4 b” respectively.
UPS Serial Number, expressed with 10 characters. Possible
characters ranges are “0”-“9”, “A”-“Z” and also “ “ (blank space), “-“.
See sample screen.
And the Service Information set in the basic menu.
˙Screen 3.5: Rated Value Screen
Fig.47. Screen 3.5 «Rated Value».
To modify the rated values on the screens, it is necessary to
introduce the «Password» on the previous screen 3.4. otherwise, they
only will be able to be visualized.
Screen 3.7
And the information of Rated Values set in the Rated Value Menu.
The IP.V and OP.V shows the Rated Input Rectifier Voltage and Rated
Output Voltage..
7.3.5.
It also shows Upper Margin and Input Rectifier Voltage Lower Margin
of the Input Rectifier Voltage and Input bypass voltage, The Rated DC
Bus Voltage and the Rated Output Current. The Rated Battery
Charging Current. And the probe for the battery and AC input current
‘‘Alarms’’ level (screen menu 4.0). See fig. 48.
When Alarm appears, in the Main Menu, you can only see one alarm,
but you can enter the Alarm Menu to check what are the alarms for
the unit currently as following:
Fig 48 Screen 4.0 «Alarms »
˙Screen 3.6: Information
Figure 48 is showing just only some alarms as an example, but there
could be some of them, the active ones. In table 6, there are all the
possible alarms displayed in the display LCD.
In this Screen <<Information>> you can check the UPS
configuration of the unit
Configuration and status of the unit:
- «Single:» “Single” connection.
- «Parallel-Single» Parallel connection. Unit is on “single” state.
- «Parallel-Master» Parallel connection. Unit is on “master” state.
- «Parallel-Slave» Parallel connection. Unit is on “slave” state.
˙Alarm 1: This alarm indicates that the rectifier is overloaded. The
rectifier overload appears when the input current of any phase is
greater than the following ratio:
Iin-ovl = 0,326 x Pout / Vout_p-n
Internal firmware versions of both Digital Signal Processor (“DSP Ver:”)
48
Where:
- Iin-ovl is Overload Input Current (A)
- Pout is Rated Output Apparent Power (VA)
- Vout_p-n is Rated Output Voltage phase-to-neutral (V)
bypass switch of any unit is switched ON.
˙Alarm 13: This alarm indicates that the CAN BUS #1 fails. This
communication channel is used for remote control.
˙Alarm 2: This alarm indicates that the inverter is overloaded. The
inverter overload appears either when the output current of any
phase is greater than the rated output current
˙Alarm 14: This alarm indicates that the CAN BUS #2 fails. This
channel is used for data communication between UPS, in a parallel
system.
Iout-ovl = Pout / (Vout_p-n * 3)
˙Alarm 15: This alarm appears at the estimated end of live of the
battery bank. The revision and replacement of some batteries will
be necessary to be done by calling the S.T.S. (Service and
Technical Support) department.
Where:
- Iout is rated Output Current (A)
- Pout is Rated Output Apparent Power (VA)
- Vout_p-n is Rated Output Voltage phase-to-neutral (V)
or when the total output active power is greater than the following
formula:
Representation in display
LCD
Rectifier Overload.
Inverter Overload.
Mains Failure. Battery Low
Level.
Inverter Voltage Out of Margins.
DC Voltage Detected at the
Output.
Maintenance Bypass. Inverter
Not Available.
Battery Discharging.
High Temperature. Reduce
Output Load.
Battery Switch Open. Switch it
ON.
Bypass Failure. Not
Synchronised Inverter.
Unit on Bypass. Initialise UPS.
Some Unit(s) Blocked due to
Maintenance Bypass.
CAN BUS 1 Communication
Failure.
CAN BUS 2 Communication
Failure.
End of Battery Life.
Battery Temperature too High.
Battery Test Not Succeeded.
Battery Disconnection.
Shutdown & Restart.
Mains Phase Rotation. UPS
Start Disabled.
Bypass Phase Rotation. UPS
Start Disabled.
EEPROM Failure.
Input Voltage Wrong. Rectifier
Stop.
Rectifier Desaturation. Rectifier
Stop.
DSP Internal Error. Rectifier
Stop.
Input Phase Rotation. Rectifier
Stop.
DC BUS Voltage Wrong.
Pact_out-ovl = Pout x 0,8
Where:
- Pact_out-ovl is the Overload Output Active Power (W)
- Pout is Rated Output Apparent Power (VA)
˙Alarm 3: This alarm appears when the input the unit is under main
failure condition and the level of battery is lower than 11,5V/bat.
˙Alarm 4: This alarm appears when the inverter output voltage
phase to neutral in any phase is out of margins over +/-6%.
˙Alarm 5: This alarm appears when there is an offset voltage higher
than 5V, in any phase of the inverter output voltage phase to
neutral.
˙Alarm 6: When the maintenance bypass switch is ON the UPS
inverter will not be available.
˙Alarm 7: The mains failure occurs when in any phase, the input
voltage phase to neutral is out of the set margins (+15%/–20% by
default) or the input frequency is out of the set margins (± 0,5Hz
by default).
˙Alarm 8: When the inverter or PFC temperature sensors measure
temperatures over the programmed values (70ºC by default).
˙Alarm 9: This message appears when the battery switch is OFF
and the DC bus is charged to the battery voltage level, to inform
the user to switch ON the battery switch.
˙Alarm 10: This Alarm indicates that the bypass input voltage or the
bypass input frequency are out of margins. These margins are
programmable but by default the bypass voltage range is +12%/–
17% and the bypass frequency range is ± 0.5Hz.
˙Alarm 11: The UPS is on bypass for any reason. It must be
restarted by display keypad.
˙Alarm 12: This is an alarm for parallel systems. It appears when
some UPS of the parallel system block because the maintenance
49
Alarms
Alarm NO.
RECTIFIER
1
2
3
INVERTER
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
UPS
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
77
21
22
RECTIFIER
STOPS
23
24
68
Rectifier Stop.
Parallel System Rectifier Stop.
Cont. Test Fail Rectifier Stop.
Inverter Desaturation. Inverter
Stop.
Inverter Overload. Inverter Stop.
Inverter Stopped due to
Shutdown.
Maintenance Bypass. Inverter
Stop.
Parallel System Disconnection.
Inverter Stop.
High Overload. Inverter Stop.
Over-temperature. Inverter
Stop.
Rectifier Overload. Inverter
Stop.
DSP Internal Error. Inverter
Stop.
Output Short-circuit. Inverter
Stop.
Bypass Phase Rotation. Inverter
Stop.
Inverter Failure/Overload.
Inverter Stop.
Voltage Ramp Error. Inverter
Stop.
Parallel System Inverter Stop.
Low Battery. UPS Stop.
DSP Internal Error. UPS Stop.
Pfc., Inv. Stop UPS Stop.
Parallel System UPS Stop.
Emergency Power Off. No
Output Voltage.
Output Short-circuit. No Output
Voltage.
DSP Internal Error. UPS Block
All.
DC BUS Voltage Wrong.
Rectifier Block.
Rectifier Blocked. BLK. UPS ->
BLK Rectifier.
Rectifier Desaturations.
Rectifier Block.
Voltage Ramp Error. Rectifier
Block.
DSP Execution Error. Rectifier
Block.
DSP Internal Error. Rectifier
Block.
Contactor Test Failure. Rectifier
Block.
Voltage Ramp Error. Inverter
Block.
Output DC Voltage. Inverter
Block.
Inverter Blocked. BLK. UPS ->
BLK Inverter.
Inverter Desaturations. Inverter
Block.
DSP Execution Error. Inverter
Block.
DSP Internal Error. Inverter
Block.
Inverter Failure. Inverter Block.
UPS Blocked. BLK. Rectifier ->
BLK. UPS.
Internal Initialisation Error. UPS
Block (DSP).
Internal Execution Error. UPS
Block (DSP).
UPS Blocked. BLK. Inverter ->
BLK. UPS.
Internal Communication. UPS
Block (DSP).
Parallel System Discharging.
UPS BLOCKS
UPS Block.
UPS Over-temperature. UPS
Block.
Rectifier Overload. UPS Block.
Inverter Desaturations. UPS
Block.
DSP Internal Error. UPS Block.
PFC & Inverter Blockage. UPS
Block.
Paral. Coms Error UPS Block.
Error Coms. Paral. Master Fixed.
PARALLEL
Alarm Paral. Sist. Redundancy
Lost.
Table .5 Alarm list displayed in the LCD panel.
69
75
25
26
27
28
29
30
INVERTER
STOPS
31
32
33
34
35
65
67
UPS STOPS
70
36
37
71
72
39
41
66
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
76
73
74
˙Alarm 18: Two possible reasons:
42
During the unit start up, a message appears indicating
that the battery switch can be switched ON. After some
period of time without switching ON, this alarm appears.
When the unit is running under normal conditions, and
the battery switch is switched OFF.
43
44
45
˙Alarm 19: When the mains is connected during the start up, a
phase rotation error is detected and the start up procedure is
inhibited.
46
47
˙Alarm 20: When the bypass is connected during the start up, a
bypass phase rotation error is detected and the start up procedure
is inhibited.
48
INVERTER
BLOCKS
53
˙Alarm 17: If battery test (automatic or manual) is finished
unsuccessfully, this alarm will appear.
40
RECTIFIER
BLOCKS
52
˙Alarm 16: The temperature of battery cabinet (in case of separate
battery cabinet) or battery place (in case of battery are located
inside the UPS) is higher than 40ºC.
38
BYP STOPS
51
49
˙Alarm 21: This alarm appears when in any phase, the rectifier input
voltage phase to neutral is out of the set margins (+15%/–20% by
default) or the rectifier input frequency is out of the set margins (±
50
50
0,5Hz by default). Then the rectifier is shut down.
˙Alarm 36: This alarm appears when there is a (*) DSP Internal Error
in the UPS module, shutting down the UPS immediately. There will
be 2 more retries before the UPS blocking.
˙Alarm 22: This alarm appears when any IGBT in the rectifier side,
desaturates the number of times programmed by display (50 by
default).
˙Alarm 37: This alarm describes that on battery mode, the battery
bank reaches the 10.5V/bat. This is the end of backup time,
shutting down the UPS.
˙Alarm 23: This alarm appears when there is a (*) DSP Internal Error
in the rectifier module, shutting down the rectifier immediately.
There will be 3 more retries before the rectifier blocking.
˙Alarm 38: The EPO (Emergency Power Off) switch is ON. The UPS
and the static bypass are switched off and no AC voltage present
at the output anymore.
˙Alarm 24: When a mains phase rotation error is detected and
under these conditions the rectifier is tried to be turned ON, an
input phase rotation alarm appears shutting down the rectifier.
˙Alarm 25: This alarm appears when any IGBT in the inverter side,
desaturates the number of times programmed by display (200 by
default).
˙Alarm 39: This alarm appears after 3 times detecting output shortcircuit. Then the UPS and the static bypass are switched off and no
AC voltage present at the output anymore.
˙Alarm 26: When the inverter output is overloaded, depending on
the level of this overload, the inverter will be shut down after
some time according to the UPS overload curve and this alarm
will appear.
˙Alarm 40: This alarm appears when there is a (*) DSP Internal Error
in the UPS module, for three times shutting down the UPS. The
UPS blocks including the bypass, so no AC voltage present at the
output anymore.
˙Alarm 27: When an external shutdown signal is enabled, the
inverter will shut down appearing this message.
˙Alarm 41: This alarm appears when there is one of the following
conditions:
˙Alarm 28: When the inverter is running and the maintenance
bypass switch is turned ON the inverter shuts down immediately.
Positive DC bus voltage over 450V.
˙Alarm 29: This alarm appears when, in a parallel system, one UPS
goes to battery mode. The inverter will shut down.
Negative DC bus voltage over –450V (absolute value).
Positive DC bus voltage less than 325V.
˙Alarm 42: This alarm appears when the UPS is blocked for any
reason. This condition blocks also the rectifier.
˙Alarm 30: This message indicates that one UPS is running over
160% of load in a parallel system.
˙Alarm 43: After 3 times shutting down the rectifier for desaturation
and retry, this alarm will appear indicating rectifier blocked.
˙Alarm 31: When an over-temperature is detected by the PFC or
inverter temperature sensors, after 1 minute time the inverter will
be turned off automatically. If over-temperature condition remains
after another 1 minute with the rectifier working, rectifier is also
blocked (alarm 60).
˙Alarm 44: If an error in the initial rectifier ramp is detected during
the PFC start up, this alarm will appear blocking also the rectifier.
˙Alarm 45: There is a command from the microprocessor to the DSP,
with no response from the rectifier module of the DSP. The rectifier
will block.
˙Alarm 32: When the rectifier is overloaded, depending on the level
of this overload, the inverter will be shut down after some time
according to the rectifier overload curve and this alarm will appear.
If this overload is still present with the inverter switched off, the
rectifier will be blocked after 30’’ and a blocking alarm 61 will
appear.
˙Alarm 46: After 4 times shutting down the rectifier because of (*)
DSP Internal Error in the rectifier module, this alarm will appear
indicating rectifier blocked.
˙Alarm 33: This alarm appears when there is a (*) DSP Internal Error
in the inverter module, shutting down the inverter immediately.
There will be 4 more retries before the inverter blocking.
˙Alarm 47: During the start up there is an input contactor test. If this
test ends unsuccessfully the rectifier will be blocked.
˙Alarm 48: If the output voltage ramp doesn’t work properly during
the inverter start up the inverter will be blocked(See Alarm 67).
˙Alarm 34: This alarm appears when an output short-circuit is
detected limiting the output RMS current up to the set value
(150% of nominal current by default). The short-circuit is detected
when the output voltage phase to neutral is lower than 8% of
nominal voltage. The system will retry twice to restart.
˙Alarm 49: This alarm appears when there is an offset voltage
higher than 8V, in any phase of the inverter output voltage phase to
neutral. Then the inverter will be blocked.
˙Alarm 35: With the inverter is running, if there’s a bypass phase
rotation error, the inverter will shut down.
˙Alarm 50: This alarm appears when the UPS is blocked for any
51
reason. This condition blocks also the inverter.
˙Alarm 51: After 3 times shutting down the inverter for desaturation
and retry, this alarm will appear indicating inverter blocked.
˙Alarm 52: There is a command from the microprocessor to the
DSP, with no response from the inverter module of the DSP. The
inverter will block.
˙Alarm 65: This alarm can be activated due to a connection
of a load with high inrush current, or also, if it is detected a
wrong transient voltage in the inverter (i.e., if there is a fault in
an inverter transistor). In such case, the inverter will be shutdown
for while and load will be transferred to bypass immediately.
The equipment will retry to start up the inverter several
times (see description of the Alarm 66 too).
˙Alarm 53: After 5 times shutting down the inverter because of (*)
DSP Internal Error in the inverter module, this alarm will appear
indicating inverter blocked.
˙Alarm 66: After several attemps detecting “Inverter Fault/
Overload” (see Alarm 65), the inverter will be blocked permanently,
and output will be transferred to bypass.
˙Alarm 54: This alarm appears when the rectifier is blocked for
some
reasons that can also blocks the UPS.
˙Alarm 55: The alarm appears when the DSP doesn’t response to
the microprocessor during the initial procedure before the start up.
˙Alarm 67: The way to start up the inverter is on voltage
ramp mode (rms value from sinewave voltage starts at 0Vrms
till reaching its preset nominal value, i.e., 230Vrms). If when
doing the voltage ramp is detected any fault, the inverter will be
shutdown for while, and it will retry to start it up several times
(see description of the Alarm 48 too).
˙Alarm 56: There is a command from the microprocessor to the
DSP, with no response from the UPS module of DSP. The UPS will
block.
˙Alarm 68:. When a high or low DC bus voltage is detected,
rectifier is shutdown for a while, in order to retry to start up
later on (see description of Alarm 41 too).
˙Alarm 57: This alarm appears when the inverter is blocked for
some reasons that can also blocks the UPS.
˙Alarm 69: In parallel system, rectifiers from the equipments of
the system connected in parallel can be shutdown, due to the
management of system as a whole, therefore this alarm is
activated.
˙Alarm 58: There is an internal error in the communication channel
between microprocessor and DSP. This condition blocks the UPS.
˙Alarm 70: In a parallel system, the inverters of the equipments
of the system connected at the output can be shutdown, due to
the management of system as a whole, therefore this alarm is
activated.
˙Alarm 59: This alarm appears when, in a parallel system, one UPS
goes to battery mode. After some period of time, the UPS will shut
down.
˙Alarm 71: This alarm is displayed when a combined shutdown
of the PFC-rectifier and inverter has been done at the same time
(there are several reasons).
˙Alarm 60: When an over-temperature is detected by the PFC or
inverter temperature sensors, first the inverter will be turned off
automatically after 1 minute time (alarm 31). If one minute later
the over-temperature is still detected, the UPS will be completely
blocked (rectifier also shut-down) and the alarm appears.
˙Alarm 72: In parallel system, the equipments of the system
connected at the output can be shutdown (complete shutdown
of the rectifier and inverter), due to the management of system as
a whole, therefore this alarm is activated.
˙Alarm 61: When the rectifier is overloaded, depending on the level
of this overload, the inverter will be shut down after some time
according to the rectifier overload curve (alarm 32). If this overload
is still present with the inverter switched off, the UPS will be
completely blocked (rectifier also shut-down) after 30’’, appearing
this alarm message.
˙Alarm 73: In a system with parallel configuration, this alarm is
displayed in one of the equipments (or some) that detect(s)
communication errors, due to several reasons (parallel
communication cables are disconnected, or wrong connected, or in
bad status; wrong configuration of any of the equipments; etc.).
Therefore, one the equipments is set as a fix Master of the system,
and the rest of the equipments can only be slaves permanently (or
till the equipments are shutdown and they will be started up again
to test it).
˙Alarm 62: When any IGBT in the inverter side, desaturates the
number of times programmed by display (200 by default) the
inverter blocks. After two more retries this alarm appears
indicating UPS blocked.
˙Alarm 63: After 3 times shutting down the UPS because of (*) DSP
Internal Error in the UPS module, this alarm will appear indicating
UPS blocked.
˙Alarm 74: In a parallel system, with N+M configuration,
where:
N: nr equipments to size the system according to the maximum
permissible load.
M: nr redundant equipments in the system. It is equivalent to over
sizing the equipments in the system, in order to continue supplying
the maximum permissible load without overloading it. Usually, this
˙Alarm 64: If there is a blocking condition for the inverter and also a
blocking condition for the PFC, this alarm appears blocking also the
UPS.
52
value is fixed to “1”.
The alarm is displayed when the load exceeds the maximum
permissible load by N equipments. In this condition, the equipments
will not be overloaded individually, meanwhile the load doesn’t
exceed the maximum load of N+M equipments.
Example: Assuming that a parallel system of 2+1 equipments
of 20kVA (N=2, M=1).
If the load of the system is lower than 40kVA. Any overload
alarm is displayed (if it is not exceeded the individual overload
for phase for each equipment).
If the load of the system is higher than 40kVA. The alarm
74 of Lost of Redundancy is displayed.
If the load of the system is higher than 60kVA. Besides of
the alarm 74 Lost of Redundancy, there will also be, as
minimum, (among others), the alarm 2 of Inverter overload
in all the equipments of the system.
˙The first line Indicates the inverter runtime from the first unit startup.
This counter accumulates the total inverter running time from the
beginning and it’s not possible to reset it.
Using the (),() keys, you can move through the different
registers of this historic file. The data logger file can save up to 100
historic registers.
Alarm on and off time
In the first row there is information about time and date of alarm
activation:
hh: hour of alarm activation
mm: minutes of alarm activation
ss: seconds of alarm activation
dd: day of alarm activation
mm: month of alarm activation
yy: year of alarm activation
˙Alarm 75: This alarm can be displayed for two reasons:
Input contactor from the equipment faults (it doesn’t close properly).
It is shown when the DC bus voltage, it is not kept at certain level
when closing such input contactor. The system can retry the
contactor test several times (see description of the Alarm 47 too).
In the second row there is information about time and date of deleted
alarm.
hh: hour of deleted alarm
mm: minutes of deleted alarm
ss: seconds of deleted alarm
dd: day of deleted alarm
mm: month of deleted alarm
yy: year of deleted alarm
˙Alarm 76: After the first error in the parallel system communication,
when one of the equipments has already been chosen as a Fix
Master in the system, a second error or break in the
communications has been detected by the Slaves equipments,
which will be blocked permanently (Rectifier and Inverter are
shutdown, output voltage is not supplied to the output of the
system), by displaying this alarm.
The State for technical service, to know the state of the different
parts of the UPS at the moment the registered alarm was
activated.
˙Alarm 77: Error in configuration memory
(*) DSP Internal Error can happen for the following reasons:
Watch Dog failure.
Wrong ADC mesures.
Communication errors between DSP and uprocessor.
6.3.6. ‘‘DATA LOGGER’’ level (screen menu 5.0). See
Fig. 49.
Fig 49 Screen 5.0 «Data logger»
53
8. MAINTENANCE, WARRANTY AND SERVICE.
8.1.4.
8.1.
BASIC MAINTENANCE GUIDE.
The useful lifetime of the DC bus capacitors and those ones used in
the input and output filtering depends on the use and the
environment conditions. It is recommended their preventive
replacement by authorised technical staff.
Batteries, fans and capacitors must be replaced at the end of their
useful lifetime.
Inside the UPS there are dangerous voltages and metallic
parts at very high temperatures, although the UPS is shutdown. The direct contact can cause electrocutions and burns. All
the operating, less the battery fuse replacing, must be done by
authorized technical staff.
8.2.
The limited warranty only applies to those products that you
acquire for commercial or industrial use in the normal development
of your business.
8.2.1.
Battery fuses.
8.2.2.
Out of the scope of supply.
Our company is not forced by the warranty if it appreciates that
the defect in the product doesn’t exist or it was caused by a wrong
use, negligence, installation and/or inadequate testing, tentative of
non-authorised repairing or modification, or any other cause beyond
the foreseen use, or by accident, fire, lightnings or other dangers.
Neither it will cover, in any case, compensations for damages or
injuries.
The battery fuses can only be replaced by ultrafast fuse
models type aR 660V, of the same size and current used in
the equipment and/or battery module.
Batteries.
The useful lifetime of the batteries depends on the ambient
temperature and other factors like the quantity of charging and
discharging cycles and the deep discharges done.
The average lifetime is between 3 and 7 years if the ambient
temperature is between 10 and 20ºC. To have more information of
its status, activate the battery test.
Risk of fire and/or explosion exists if a wrong quantity or
type of batteries is used. Do not dispose the batteries to the
fire: they can explode. Do not open and mutilate the batteries: the
dumped electrolyte is dangerous for the skin and eyes. It can be
toxic.
8.1.3.
Covered Product.
Online UPS.
Turning on the battery switch and/or fuse holder «ON» or «I»
position, and only after displaying the alarm message «BAT T.
SWITCH OPEN, SWITCH IT ON» in the LCD panel.
8.1.2.
WARRANT Y CONDITIONS.
.
Some internal parts of the UPS (terminals, EMC filters and
measurement circuits) are still under voltage during the
maintenance bypass operating. To cancel all the voltages, the
circuit breakers of mains and bypass of the panel board that feeds
the UPS and the fuse holders of the battery rack have to be
turned «OFF» / «0».
8.1.1.
Capacitors.
Fans.
The useful lifetime of the used fans to cool the power circuits
depends on the use and environment conditions. It is
recommended their preventive replacement by authorised technical
staff.
54
9. ANNEXES.
9.1.
PARTICULAR SPECIFICATIONS, EQUIPMENTS (LV).
Nominal power (kVA)
7.5
Nominal power (kVA)
10
15
20
30
40
50
60
80
100
Depending on the input/output setting and power supply voltage (See chart 9)
Input
Single phase 115V, 120V, 127V or 133V
-Three phase 3x200V, 3x208V, 3x220V or 3x230V (4 wires: 3 phases+ N)
+ 15% / –20%.
50 / 60 Hz ± 5 %.
Nominal voltage
Input voltage range
Frequency
Total input current distortion
(depending on the quality of input mains)
Current limit
Power factor
100 % load: THD-i < 1.5 % ; 50
% load: THD-i < 2.5 % ; 10 %
load: THD-i < 6.0 %
100 % load: THD-i < 1.0 % ; 50 % load:
THD-i < 2.0 % ; 10 % load: THD-i <
5.0 %.
100 % load: THD-i < 1.5 % ; 50 %
load: THD-i < 2.0 % ; 10 % load: THDi < 6.0 %
High overload: PFC Limit (discharging batteries).
0.99 from 10% load
Inverter
Output nominal voltage
(*) Output power factor
Accuracy
Output frequency
Maximum slew rate
Output wave shape
Total output voltage harmonic distortion
Phase shifting
Dynamic response time
(**) Permissible overload
Permissible crest factor
Permissible power factor
Unbalanced output voltage (100 % unbalanced load)
Current limit
Efficiency on battery mode (100% linear load) (%)
Single phase 115V, 120V, 127V or 133V
Three phase 3x200V, 3x208V, 3x220V or 3x230V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
0.9 for three phase/three phase setting. 0.8 for L, M and N settings
0.8
Static: ± 1 %. Dynamic: ± 2 % (step loads 100-0-100 %)
50 or 60 Hz synchronised ± 5 Hz. Free running± 0.05 %
± 1 Hz/s
Sinewave .
Linear load: THD-v < 0.5 %. Ref. non-linear load (EN-62040-3): THD-v < 1.5 %
120 ± 1 % (balanced load). 120 ± 2 % (unbalanced load of 50 % )
10 ms. till 98 % of the static value
125 % for 10 min., >125.. 135 % for 5 min., >135.. 150 % for 1 min., > 150 % for 20 ms.
3.4 to 1
3.2 to 1
2.8 to 1
3.2 to 1
3 to 1
0.7 leading to 0.7 lagging
<1%
High overload, short-circuit: RMS voltage limit. High current crest factor: Peak voltage limit
94.6
94.8
95.3
95.6
95.9
96.4
96.1
95.9
96.4
STATIC BYPASS
Type
Bypass line
Nominal voltage
Voltage range
Voltage hysteresis
Frequency
Frequency range
Frequency hysteresis
Activation criteria
Transference time
Permissible overload
Transference to bypass
Re-transference
Efficiency on Smart Eco-mode
95.5
Solid state(SCR)
Common. Separate as an option (B)
Single phase 115V, 120V, 127V or 133V
Three phase 3x200V, 3x208V, 3x220V or 3x230V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
Preset +12 % (adjustable between +20... +5%) / –15% (adjustable between –25... –5%
± 2 % as regards the bypass voltage range. In a standard equipment is +10 /–13%
50 or 60 Hz
± 5 Hz (selectable between 0.5 - 1.0 - 2 and 5.0 Hz)
1 Hz as regards the frequency range (selectable among 0.2 - 0.5 - 1.0 and 2.0 Hz)
Controlled by microprocessor
Nil, less in Smart Eco-mode < 3ms
400 % for 10 s
Immediately, for overloads over 150 %
Automatic after alarm cancelling
96.0
97.4
97.8
98.0
98.4
98.0
MANUAL BYPASS (maintenance)
Type
Make before break .
Single phase 115V, 120V, 127V or 133V
Three phase 3x200V, 3x208V, 3x220V or 3x230V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
50 / 60 Hz.
Nominal voltage
Frequency
GENERAL
Total efficiency (100% linear load) (%)
89.5
90
91
91.5
92
93,0
92.5
92
93
BATTERIES
Quantity
(***) Type
Floating voltage per battery
Compensation of the battery floating voltage
38
36
40
Pb Ca
13.65 V at 20ºC
Adjustable (preset to –18 mV/ºC)
55
36
Nominal power (kVA)
Nominal power (kVA)
7.5
10
15
20
30
40
50
60
Depending on the input/output setting and power supply voltage (See chart 9)
7
1.4
Capacity (Ah)
Standard charging current (Cx0,2) (A)
Battery terminal torque
Fitted in the same UPS cabinet
12
2.4
80
100
18
26
3.6
5.2
According to battery manufacturer
YES
NO
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS FOR UPS CONFIGURATIONS WITH STANDARD BACK UP TIME
1 (UPS + batteries)
Quantity of cabinets
Maximum
UPS+ / UPS+ B1
dimensions(mm) UPS+ B / UPS+ B B1
(Depth x Width
Batteries
x Height)
Casters without brake. Equipment / batteries
Cabinet weight
UPS+ B1
(kg)
UPS+ B B1
UPS+
UPS+ B
External batteries
1 (UPS) / 1 (batteries)
770x450x1100
102
104
212
214
-
YES / 105
107
215
217
-
770x450x1100
150
153
310
313
-
875x590x1320
875x870x1320
850x900x1900
850x1225x1900
1050x650x1320
850x1300x1900
875x590x1320
175
178
400
403
-
YES / YES
185
190
510
265
275
1020
YES / NO
290
310
1020
290
310
1020
NO / NO
540
550
570
580
1655
1690
Table 6. Technical specifications for equipments with (LV) voltages.
NOTE: When temperature is above 30°C, the output power will be derated. The output power is derated to 90% at 31°C -35°C
and 80% at 36°C -40°C.
9.2.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS, EQUIPMENTS (HV).
Nominal power (kVA)
Nominal power (kVA)
7.5
10
15
20
30
40
50
60
80
100
120
Depending on the input/output setting and power supply voltage (See chart 9)
160
200
INPUT
Nominal voltage
Input voltage range
Frequency
Total input current distortion (depending on the
quality of input mains)
Current limit
Power factor
INVERTER
Single phase 220V, 230V or 240V
Three phase 3x380V, 3x400V or 3x415V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
+ 15% / –20%
50 or 60 Hz ± 5 %
100 % load: THD-i < 1.5 %
100 % load: THD-i < 1.0 %
100 % load: THD-i < 1.5 %
50 % load: THD-i < 2.5 %
50 % load: THD-i < 2.0 %
50 % load: THD-i < 2.0 %
10 % load: THD-i < 6.0 %
10 % load: THD-i < 5.0 %
10 % load: THD-i < 6.0 %
High overload: PFC limit (discharging batteries)
0.99 from 10% load
Output nominal voltage
(*) Output power factor
Accuracy
Output frequency
Maximum slew rate
Output wave shape
Total output voltage harmonic distortion
Phase shifting
Dynamic response time
(**) Permissible overload
Permissible crest factor
Permissible power factor
Unbalanced output voltage (100 % unbalanced load)
Current limit
Efficiency on battery mode (100% linear load) (%)
94.3
Single phase 220V, 230V or 240V
Three phase 3x380V, 3x400V or 3x415V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
0.9 for three phase/three phase setting. 0.8 for L, M and N settings
0.8
Static: ± 1 %. Dynamic: ± 2 % (step loads 100-0-100 %)
50 or 60 Hz synchronised ± 5 Hz. Free running ± 0.05 %
± 1 Hz/s
Sinewave
Linear load: THD-v < 0.5 %. Ref. non-linear load (EN-62040-3): THD-v < 1.5 %
120 ± 1 % (balanced load). 120 ± 2 % (unbalanced load of 50 % )
10 ms. at 98 % of the static value
125 % for 10 min., >125.. 135 % for 5 min., >135.. 150 % for 1 min., > 150 % for 20 ms.
3.4 to 1
3.2 to 1
2.8 to 1
3.2 to 1
3 to 1
0.7 leading to 0.7 lagging
<1%
High overload, short-circuit: RMS voltage limit. High current crest factor: Peak voltage limit
94.5
95.0
95.3
95.9
96.2
96.3 96.4
96.9
96.5
96.4 96.8 96.9
STATIC BYPASS
Type
Bypass line
Nominal voltage
Voltage range
Voltage hysteresis
Frequency
Frequency range
Frequency hysteresis
Activation criteria
Transference time
Solid state
Common. Separate as an option (B)
Single phase 220V, 230V or 240V
Three phase 3x380V, 3x400V or 3x415V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
Preset +12 % (adjustable between +20... +5%) / –15% (adjustable between –25... –5%
± 2 % as regards to bypass voltage range. In a standard equipment is of +10 /–13%
50 or 60 Hz
± 5 Hz (selectable among 0.5 - 1.0 - 2 and 5.0 Hz)
1 Hz as regards the frequency range (selectable among 0.2 - 0.5 - 1.0 and 2.0 Hz)
Controlled by microprocessor
Nil, less in Smart Eco-mode < 3ms
56
Nominal power (kVA)
Nominal power (kVA)
Permissible overload
Transference to bypass
Re-transference
Efficiency on Smart Eco-mode
7.5
10
95
15
20
30
40
50
60
80
100
120
160
Depending on the input/output setting and power supply voltage (See chart 9)
400 % for 10 s Immediate, for overloads higher than 150 %
Automatic after alarm cancelling
95.5
96
97.4
97.8
98
98.4
98
MANUAL BYPASS (MAINTENANCE)
Type
Make before break
Single phase 220V, 230V or 240V
Three phase 3x380V, 3x400V or 3x415V (4 wires: 3 phases + N)
50 or 60 Hz
Nominal voltage
Frequency
GENERAL
Total efficiency (100% linear load) (%)
91.0
BATTERIES
Quantity
(***) Type
Floating voltage per battery
Compensation of the battery floating voltage
Capacity (Ah)
Standard charging current (Cx0,2) (A)
Battery terminal torque
Fitted in the same UPS cabinet
91.5
92.0
93.0
4.5
0.9
9
1.8
93.5
94
31 + 31
Pb Ca
13.65 V at 20ºC
Adjustable (Preset to –18 mV/ºC)
2x12= 24
12
2.4
4.8
According to battery manufacturer
YES
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS FOR UPS CONFIGURATIONS WITH STANDARD BACK UP TIME
Quantity of cabinets
1 (UPS + batteries)
Maximum
UPS+ / UPS+ B1
770x450x110
dimensions(mm)
UPS+ B / UPS+ B B1
(Depth x Width x
Height)
Batteries
Casters without brake. Equipment / batteries
UPS+ B1
UPS+ B B1
Cabinet weight (kg) UPS+
UPS+ B
External batteries
100
102
210
212
-
100
102
210
212
-
YES / 102
105
104
107
212
215
214
217
-
150
153
310
313
-
95
175
178
400
403
-
94.5
200
-
94.0
40
8.0
95.0
65
13
80
16
NO
1 (UPS) / 1 (batteries)
875x590x1320
770x450x1100
YES / YES
185
185
190
190
510
510
850x900x1900
875x870x1320
850x1225x1900
1050x650x1320
YES / NO
265
290
290
275
310
310
1020
1020
1020
850x1300x1900
NO / NO
540
550
570
580
1655
1690
875x590x1320
Table 7. Technical specifications of equipments with (HV) voltage.
NOTE: When temperature is above 30°C, the output power will be derated. The output power is derated to 90% at 31°C -35°C
and 80% at 36°C -40°C.
Model
Additional informations referred to charts 7 and 8:
•
UPSs up to 20 kVA (LV) / 40 kVA (HV) with standard
back up time are supplied in only one cabinet,
batteries included. For extended back up times
and/or higher power rates, the UPS and batteries are
sup- plied in separate cabinets.
Voltage (V)
UPS-7.5
UPS-10
UPS-15
UPS-20
UPS-30
UPS-40
UPS-50
UPS-60
UPS-80
UPS-100
UPS-10
(*)
P.F. 0.9 is only available in III / III configurations up to
60 kVA (LV) / 120 kVA (HV). Rest of configurations (L,
M or N) and power range rate, P.F. 0.8.
(**) Permissible overload per phase or total overload at
P.F. 0.8.
(***) Batteries fitted in as standard are Pb-Ca type.
As an option Ni-Cd batteries can be supplied, fitted in
a separate cabinet or rack.
It is also possible to have a common battery set of
Pb-Ca or Ni-Cd type fitted in a cabinet or rack, for two
equipments in parallel.
UPS-15
UPS-20
UPS-30
UPS-40
UPS-60
UPS-80
UPS-100
UPS-120
UPS-160
UPS-200
UPS-B
Equipment with separate bypass line.
UPS-B B1 Equipment with separate bypass line, neither
batteries nor accessories (bolts, cables,... ).
Power (kVA / kW)
7,5 / 6,75
«LV»
3x200.3x230 V (115.
133 V in single phase)
«HV»
3x380. 3x415 V (220.
240 V in single phase)
10 / 9
15 / 13,5
20 / 18
30 / 27
40 / 36
50 / 45
60 / 54
80 / 64
100 / 80
10 / 9
15 / 13,5
20 / 18
30 / 27
40 / 36
60 / 54
80 / 72
100 / 90
120 / 108
160 / 128
200 / 160
Table 8. Powers according to model, configuration and operating
voltage
57
9.2.
• kVA.- The voltampere is the unit of the apparent power in electrical
current. In direct current is almost equal to the real power but in
alternating current can defer depending on the power factor.
• LCD.- LCD acronym of Liquid Crystal Display, device invented
by Jack Janning, who was employee of NCR. It is an electric
system of data presentation based on 2 transparent conductor
layers and in the middle a special crystal liquid that have the
capacity to orientate the light when trespassing.
• LED.- LED acronym of Light Emitting Diode, is a semiconductor
device (diode) that emits light almost monochrome with a very
narrow spectrum, it means, when it is direct polarized and it is
crossed by an electric current. The color, (wave longitude),
depends on the semiconductor material used in its
construction, being able to vary from the ultraviolet one, going
through the
visible spectrum light, to the infrared, receiving these last ones
the denomination of IRED (Infra Red Emitting Diode).
• Circuit breaker.- A circuit breaker or switch, is a device ready
to break the electrical current of a circuit when it overcomes the
maximum set values.
• On-Line mode.- Regarding to an equipment, it is on line when
it is connected to the system, and it is in operation, and usually
has its power supply turned on.
• Inverter.- An inverter, is a circuit used to convert direct current
into alternating current. The function of an inverter is to change
an input voltage of direct current into a symmetrical output
voltage of alternating current, with the required magnitude and
frequency by the user or the designer.
• Rectifier.- In electronic, a rectifier is the element or circuit that
allows to convert the alternating current into direct current. This
is done by rectifier diodes, which can be solid state
semiconductors, vacuum or gassy valves as the mercury vapour.
Depending on the features of the alternating current power
supply used, it is classified as single phase, when they are fed
by a single phase electrical mains, or three phase when they are
fed by the three phases. Depending on the rectification type,
they can be half wave, when only one of the current semicycles is used, or full wave, where both semi-cycles are used.
• Relay.- The relay(in French relais, relief) is an electromechanical
device that works as a switch controlled by an electric circuit
where, through an electromagnet, a set of contacts are moved and
it allows to open or to close other independent electric circuit.
GLOSSARY.
• AC.- It is nominated as alternating current to the electrical
current in which the magnitude and direction varies in a cyclic
way. The most common wave shape of the alternating current
is sinewave, because the energy transmission is better.
Neverthe- less, some applications could need other period
wave shapes, like triangular or square.
• Bypass.- Manual or automatic, it is the physical junction
between the input and the output electric device.
• DC.- The direct current is the continuous electron flow through a
cable between two points with different potential. Unlike the
alternating current, in direct current the electrical loads always
flow in the same direction from the highest potential point to the
lowest one. Although, usually the direct current is identified with
the con- stant current (for example the one supplied by the
battery), it is continuous any current that always maintain the
polarity.
• DSP.- It is the acronym of Digital Signal Processor.A DSP is a
system based on a processor or microprocessor that has
instructions in it, a hardware and an optimized software to
develop applications where numerical operations are needed
with very fast speed. Due to this, it is very useful to process
ana- logical signals in real time: in a system that runs in this way
(real time) samples are received, usually coming from an
analogical/ digital converter(ADC).
• Power factor.- It is defined as power factor, p.f., of an
alternating current circuit, as the ratio between the active
power, P, and the apparent power, S, or as the cosines of the
angle that make the current and voltage vectors, designating
as cos , being j the value of that angle.
• GND.- The term ground, as its name states, refers to the
potential of the earth surface.
• IGBT.- The Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor is a semiconductor
device that is used as a controlled switch in power electronic
circuits. This device has the feature of the gate signal of the
effect field transistors with the capacity of high current and
low voltage saturation of the bipolar transistor, combining an
isolated FET gate for the input and a bipolar transistor as switch
in a single device. The triggering circuit of the IGBT is as the
MOSFET one, while the driving features are like the BJT.
• Interface.- In electronic, telecommunications and hardware,
an interface (electronic) is the port (physical circuit) through
which are sent or received signals from a system or subsystems
toward others.
58
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