User's Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.

User's Manual - PLANET Technology Corporation.
802.11a/n Wireless LAN Outdoor CPE AP/Router
WNAP-7200
Version: 1.0
User's Manual
1
Copyright
Copyright© 2010 by PLANET Technology Corp. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system, or
translated into any language or computer language, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of PLANET.
PLANET makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect
to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims any warranties, merchantability or fitness
for any particular purpose. Any software described in this manual is sold or licensed "as is".
Should the programs prove defective following their purchase, the buyer (and not this
company, its distributor, or its dealer) assumes the entire cost of all necessary servicing,
repair, and any incidental or consequential damages resulting from any defect in the
software. Further, this company reserves the right to revise this publication and to make
changes from time to time in the contents hereof without obligation to notify any person of
such revision or changes..
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective holders.
FCC Caution
To assure continued compliance. (Example-use only shielded interface cables when
connecting to computer or peripheral devices). Any changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate
the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the Following
two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this Device must
accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
Federal Communication Commission (FCC) Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20 cm (8 inches)
during normal operation.
CE Mark Warning
This is a Class B product. In a domestic environment, this product may cause radio
interference, in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
2
Energy Saving Note of the Device
This power required device does not support Stand by mode operation.
For energy saving, please remove the DC-plug or push the hardware Power Switch to OFF
position to disconnect the device from the power circuit.
Without remove the DC-plug or switch off the device, the device will still consuming power
from the power circuit. In the view of Saving the Energy and reduce the unnecessary power
consuming, it is strongly suggested to switch off or remove the DC-plug for the device if this
device is not intended to be active.
Protection requirements for health and safety – Article 3.1a
Testing for electric safety according to EN 60950 has been conducted. These are
considered relevant and sufficient.
Protection requirements for electromagnetic compatibility – Article 3.1b
Testing for electromagnetic compatibility according to EN 301 489-1, EN 301 489-17 and
EN 55024 has been conducted. These are considered relevant and sufficient.
Effective use of the radio spectrum – Article 3.2
Testing for radio test suites according to EN 300 328-2 has been conducted. These are
considered relevant and sufficient.
CE in which Countries where the product may be used freely:
Germany, UK, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Netherlands, Portugal, Greece, Ireland, Denmark,
Luxembourg, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway and Iceland.
France: except the channel 10 through 13, law prohibits the use of other channels.
Safety
This equipment is designed with the utmost care for the safety of those who install and use it.
However, special attention must be paid to the dangers of electric shock and static electricity
when working with electrical equipment. All guidelines of this and of the computer
manufacture must therefore be allowed at all times to ensure the safe use of the equipment.
WEEE Regulation
To avoid the potential effects on the environment and human health as a result of
the presence of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment, end
users of electrical and electronic equipment should understand the meaning of the
crossed-out wheeled bin symbol. Do not dispose of WEEE as unsorted municipal waste and
have to collect such WEEE separately.
3
Revision
User’s Manual for PLANET 802.11a/n Wireless LAN Outdoor CPE AP/Router
Model: WNAP-7200
Rev: 1.0 (January, 2010)
Part No. EM-WNAP7200_v1.0
4
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 7
1.1 Feature....................................................................................................................8
1.2 Package Contents..................................................................................................8
1.3 Product Specification ............................................................................................9
1.4 Wireless Performance .........................................................................................10
2. INSTALLATION .................................................................................................. 11
2.1 Interfaces ..............................................................................................................11
2.2 Hardware Installation...........................................................................................12
2.3 Safety Precautions...............................................................................................14
3. GETTING STARTED .......................................................................................... 16
3.1 Prepare your PC...................................................................................................17
4. WEB MANAGEMENT ........................................................................................ 21
4.1 Access the Web Management.............................................................................21
4.2 Operation Mode....................................................................................................23
4.3 Wireless Settings (AP).........................................................................................24
4.3.1 Basic ............................................................................................................................24
4.3.1.1 Wireless Distribution System (WDS) ................................................................27
4.3.2 Advanced .....................................................................................................................29
4.3.3 Security ........................................................................................................................32
4.3.4 WPS .............................................................................................................................35
4.3.5 Station List...................................................................................................................37
4.4 Wireless Settings (Client)....................................................................................38
4.4.1 Profile ..........................................................................................................................38
4.4.2 Link Status ...................................................................................................................39
4.4.3 Site Survey...................................................................................................................40
4.4.4 Statistics.......................................................................................................................42
4.4.5 Advance .......................................................................................................................43
4.4.6 11n Configuration........................................................................................................44
4.4.7 About ...........................................................................................................................45
4.4.8 WPS .............................................................................................................................46
4.5 Internet Settings...................................................................................................47
4.5.1 WAN............................................................................................................................47
4.5.2 LAN .............................................................................................................................48
5
4.5.3 DHCP Client................................................................................................................51
4.5.4 Advanced Routing .......................................................................................................52
4.6 Firewall .................................................................................................................53
4.6.1 MAC/IP/Port Filtering .................................................................................................53
4.6.2 Port Forwarding ...........................................................................................................55
4.6.3 DMZ ............................................................................................................................56
4.6.4 System Security ...........................................................................................................57
4.6.5 Content Filtering..........................................................................................................58
4.7 Administration......................................................................................................59
4.7.1 Management ................................................................................................................59
4.7.2 Upload Firmware .........................................................................................................60
4.7.3 Settings Management ..................................................................................................61
4.7.4 Status ...........................................................................................................................62
4.7.5 Statistics.......................................................................................................................63
4.7.6 System Log ..................................................................................................................64
APPENDIX A. GLOSSARY .................................................................................... 65
APPENDIX B. TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................. 69
APPENDIX C. RF LOS (LINE-OF-SIGHT).......................................................... 71
APPENDIX D. ANTENNA HEIGHT ..................................................................... 73
6
1. INTRODUCTION
PLANET Technology Co., provides a high performance outdoor wireless solution for higher
coverage and stronger functions - the 5GHz Wireless Outdoor Access Point (WNAP-7200).
The PLANET WNAP-7200 is compatible with IEEE802.11a and IEEE802.11a/n, the data
rate up to 150Mbps. With built-in 18dBi patch antenna and the high transmit output power,
quite suitable for widely open space applications.
The most different with previous product, WNAP-7200 offers WISP mode. CPE users could
easily connect to internet via WISP provider or connect to wired network, as well as
supporting routing function and offering wireless multiple modes: AP, client, WDS to
versatile solutions in a wide range of wireless scenarios. Except 64/128 WEP encryption, it
integrates WPA, WPA-PSK, WPA2, WPA2-PSK and 802.1x Authority for securing and
protecting your wireless LAN, besides, MAC/IP filter help restrict illegal accessing your local
network.
WNAP-7200 is designed to install in outdoor environments, also exposed locations under
the rigorous weather conditions including heavy rain and wind. With web-based interface,
WNAP-7200 is easy to be managed and configured; PoE (Power over Ethernet) design
allows you to install the device in the areas where power outlets aren’t readily available. It is
the best way using WNAP-7200 to build outdoor wireless access applications between
building to building of campus, business or rural areas…etc.
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1.1 Feature
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
Š
IEEE 802.11a/n Dual Standards Compatible
Built-in 18dBi patch Antenna
Multiple Operating Modes: Bridge, Gateway and WISP
Supports WEP, WPA, WPA2, 802.1x Authentication
Firewall supports Content / MAC / IP / Port Filtering
Power over Ethernet design
Provides protection against rigorous weather conditions
High transmit output power
Web base configuration
IP65 Enclosure
1.2 Package Contents
„
„
„
„
„
„
WNAP-7200 x 1
PoE Injector x 1
Power Adapter x 1
Mounting Kit x 1
CD x 1
Quick Installation Guide x 1
Note: If any of the above items are missing or damaged, contact your local dealer
for support.
8
1.3 Product Specification
Model
WNAP-7200
Standard
IEEE 802.11a/n
Frequency Band
5GHz 11a ISM Band ; 5.18 ~ 5.825GHz
LAN Port
1 x RJ-45
IEEE802.3, 802.3u, 10/100ase-TX, Auto-MDI
Antenna
Built-in 18dBi patch antenna
Horizontal: 25 degree
Vertical: 25 degree
Output Power
802.11a: 20±[email protected] ; 23±[email protected]
802.11a/n: 18±2 dBM
Sensitivity
[email protected] ; [email protected]
[email protected] rate MCS7
Data Rate
802.11a: Up to 54Mbps
802.11a/n: Up to 150Mbps
System Operating mode Bridge, Gateway, WISP
Wireless Access Mode
AP, Client, WDS, AP+WDS
Security
WEP, WPA, WPA2 data encryption
802.1x authentication
Management
Web Management
IP Level
IP-65
Dimension (W x D x H)
215 x 98 x 260 mm
Power Adapter
12V DC, 1.25A (passive PoE)
Operating Environment
Temperature: 0~55 Degree C
Humidity: 5~90% non-condensing
9
1.4 Wireless Performance
The following information will help you utilizing the wireless performance, and operating
coverage of WNAP-7200.
1. Site selection
To avoid interferences, please locate WNAP-7200 and wireless clients away from
transformers, microwave ovens, heavy-duty motors, refrigerators, fluorescent lights, and
other industrial equipments. Keep the number of walls, or ceilings between AP and clients
as few as possible; otherwise the signal strength may be seriously reduced. Place
WNAP-7200 in open space or add additional WNAP-7200 as needed to improve the
coverage.
2. Environmental factors
The wireless network is easily affected by many environmental factors. Every environment
is unique with different obstacles, construction materials, weather, etc. It is hard to
determine the exact operating range of WNAP-7200 in a specific location without testing.
10
2. INSTALLATION
Before you proceed with the installation, it is necessary that you have enough information
about the WNAP-7200.
2.1 Interfaces
Here shows the port, button and LED information inside the WNAP-7200.
11
2.2 Hardware Installation
12
Before you proceed with the installation, it is necessary that you have enough information
about WNAP-7200.
1. Please connect right installation “PoE” port of PoE inject to WNAP-7200; “LAN” port of
PoE injector to LAN PC, wrong installation will cause the device damage.
Note: Strongly suggest using SFTP cable, for better protection of the data wire.
25-meter SFTP cable also available by order, the part no is CB-STP-25.
Please contact with local dealer for more information.
2. Using Category 3 or higher UTP or STP cable, connect the “LAN” port of PoE Injector to a
10Mbps or 10/100Mbps Ethernet hub or switch, and connect the PC on the same LAN for
management.
3. Locate an optimum location and use the provided Mounting kit to tie the WNAP-7200 to a
pole.
Note: 1. To avoid thunder strike, consider installing ELA-100, thunder arrester
toward the CPE AP and the PoE injector.
2. For secured reason, while install the CPE AP, please be aware for the
electric wires around, and tighten the pole. Without tighten the CPE AP,
the pole and the installed site is with electric wire around, there could be
danger of being hurt by falling or lethal injury.
4. Connect the 12V 1.25A DC power adapter to the PoE Injector socket, and plug it into an
AC outlet to power on the WNAP-7200.
Note: 1. The PoE Injector is a passive device. It will inject the DC power into the
UTP cable right away once you connect the DC-plug in to the DC-jack
of the PoE Injector.
2. DONOT connect the PoE Injector labeled as POE port to any devices
but WNAP-7200, otherwise it will damage the device permanently.
5. For Ethernet port application, please refer to user’s manual for bridge, gateway and WISP
application for the first installation, LAN port is suggested.
Note: 1. ONLY use the power adapter supplied with the WNAP-7200. Otherwise,
the product may be damaged.
2. Strongly suggest using STP cable whether the cable exposed outdoor
for waterproof and avoiding thunder stroke.
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2.3 Safety Precautions
LIVES MAY BE AT RISK! Carefully observe these instructions and any special instructions
that are included with the equipment you are installing.
CONTACTING POWER LINES CAN BE LETHAL.
Make sure no power lines are anywhere where
possible contact can be made. Antennas, masts,
towers, guy wires or cables may lean or fall and
contact these limes. People may be injured or killed
if they are touching or holding any part of
equipment when it contacts electric lines. Make
sure there is NO possibility that equipment or
personnel can come in contact directly or indirectly
with power lines.
Assume all overhead lines are power lines.
The horizontal distance from a tower, mast or antenna to the nearest power line should be at
least twice the total length of the mast/antenna combination. This will ensure that the mast
will not contact power if it falls either during installation or later.
TO AVOID FALLING, USE SAFE PROCEDURES WHEN WORKING AT HEIGHTS
ABOVE GROUND.
Select equipment locations that will allow safe, simple equipment installation.
Š Don’t work alone. A friend or co-worker can save your life if an accident happens.
Š Use approved non-conducting lasers and other safety equipment. Make sure all
equipment is in good repair.
Š If a tower or mast begins falling, don’t attempt to catch it. Stand back and let it fall.
Š If anything such as a wire or mast does come in contact with a power line, DON’T
TOUCH IT OR ATTEMPT TO MOVE IT. Instead, save your life by calling the power
company.
Š Don’t attempt to erect antennas or towers on windy days.
14
MAKE SURE ALL TOWERS AND MASTS ARE SECURELY GROUNDED, AND
ELECTRICAL CABLES CONNECTED TO ANTENNAS HAVE LIGHTNING
ARRESTORS.
This will help prevent fire damage or human injury in case of lightning, static build-up, or
short circuit within equipment connected to the antenna.
Š The base of the antenna mast or tower must be connected directly to the building
protective ground or to one or more approved grounding rods, using 1 OAWG ground
wire and corrosion-resistant connectors.
Š Refer to the National Electrical Code for grounding details.
IF A PERSON COMES IN CONTACT WITH ELECTRICAL POWER, AND CANNOT
MOVE:
Š DON’T TOUCH THAT PERSON, OR YOU MAY BE ELECTROCUTED.
Š Use a non-conductive dry board, stick or rope to push or drag them so they no longer are
in contact with electrical power.
Š Once they are no longer contacting electrical power, administer CPR if you are certified,
and make sure that emergency medical aid has been requested.
15
3. GETTING STARTED
The WLAN CPE is delivered with the following factory default parameters on the Ethernet
LAN interfaces.
Default IP Address: 192.168.0.1
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
WEB login User Name: admin
WEB login Password: admin
The device has multiple operation modes (Bridge / Gateway / WISP). The default mode is
Bridge mode and the default IP addresses for the device are 192.168.0.1, so you need to
make sure the IP address of your PC is in the same subnet as the device, such as
192.168.0.2~254.
Note: It will take about 40 seconds to complete the boot up sequence after power on.
Default IP address of WISP mode:
Default IP Address: 172.32.1.254
Default IP subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
So you need to make sure the IP address of your PC is in the same subnet as the device,
such as 172.32.1.1~253.
The system will prompt the message when you change the operating mode to WISP.
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3.1 Prepare your PC
Configuring PC in Windows XP
1. Go to Start / Control Panel (in Classic View). In the Control Panel, double-click on
Network Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status window, click Properties.
17
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server address
automatically radio buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
18
Configuring PC in Windows 2000
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and Dial-up Connections.
2. Double-click Local Area Connection.
3. In the Local Area Connection Status window click Properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties.
5. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically and the Obtain DNS server address
automatically radio buttons.
6. Click OK to finish the configuration.
19
Configuring PC in Windows 98/Me
1. Go to Start / Settings / Control Panel. In the Control Panel, double-click on Network
and choose the Configuration tab.
2. Select TCP/IP Æ NE2000 Compatible, or the name of your Network Interface Card (NIC)
in your PC.
3. Select the Obtain an IP address automatically radio button.
4. Then select the DNS Configuration tab.
5. Select the Disable DNS radio button and click OK to finish the configuration.
20
4. WEB MANAGEMENT
Web configuration provides a user-friendly graphical user interface (web pages) to manage
your WNAP-7200. An AP with an assigned IP address will allow you to monitor and
configure via web browser (e.g., MS Internet Explorer or Netscape).
4.1 Access the Web Management
To access the web management, you have to launch your Internet Browser.
z Step1: Enter Wireless Router’s default IP address as http://192.168.0.1 in the Address
field then press Enter.
z Step2: Login dialog box will appear, enter admin as Administrator Name and admin as
default administrator password, and then click “Login” to access configuration utility.
21
z Step3: After log in, you can see the Main menu as below.
22
4.2 Operation Mode
In this option, you can configure the operation mode which suitable for your environment.
The default setting is Bridge - AP. There are multiple modes provided:
z Bridge: All Ethernet and wireless interfaces are bridged into a single bridge interface.
When Bridge mode is applied, there have some functions change in Internet Settings
section. As you can see in below, Internet Settings section only has “LAN”, “DHCP
Client”, “VPN Pass-through”, “DNS”, and “Advanced Routing” for Bridge Mode’s
configuration.
z Gateway: The Ethernet port is treated as WAN port. The wireless interface is treated as
LAN port.
z WISP: The wireless interface is treated as WAN port and the Ethernet ports are LAN
ports. After Ethernet Converter mode is applied, the WAN will change from Ethernet type
to wireless type. There will be five LAN ports and one wireless WAN port. User must
configure wireless encryption connection and set the necessary protocols.
23
4.3 Wireless Settings (AP)
4.3.1 Basic
You can configure the minimum number of wireless settings for communication, such as
network name (SSID) and channel.
24
Wireless Network
Radio On/Off:
Enable or disable the wireless LAN.
Network Mode:
There are 11n only and 11a/g mixed mode.
Network Name (SSID):
The service set identification (SSID) is a unique name to identify the router in the wireless
LAN. Wireless stations associating to the router must have the same SSID. Enter a
descriptive name. Its length is up to 32 characters.
Multiple SSID 1/2/3/4/5/6/7:
There are 7 multiple SSIDs. Enter their descriptive names that you want to use.
Broadcast Network Name (SSID):
Select Enable to allow the SSID broadcast on the network, so that the STA can find it.
Otherwise, the STA can not find it.
AP Isolation:
Enable or disable AP Isolation. When many clients connect to the same access point, they
can access each other. If you want to disable the access between clients which connect the
same access point, you can enable this function.
MBSSID AP Isolation:
Enable or disable MBSSID AP Isolation.
BSSID:
Basic Service Set Identifier. This is the assigned MAC address of the station in the access
point. This unique identifier is in Hex format and can only be edited when Multi BSSID is
enabled in the previous screen.
Frequency (Channel):
A channel is the radio frequency used by wireless device. Channels available depend on
your geographical area. You may have a choice of channels (for your region) and you
should use a different channel from an adjacent AP to reduce the interference. The
Interference and degrading performance occurs when radio signals from different APs
overlap.
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
WDS Mode:
Enable or disable the WDS function.
25
HT Physical Mode
Operation Mode:
Select Mixed Mode or Green Field.
Channel Bandwidth:
Select 20 or 20/40.
Guard Interval:
Select Long or Auto.
MCS:
Select the proper value between 0 and15 or 32. Auto is the default value.
Reverse Direction Grant (RDG):
Select Disable or Enable.
Extension Channel:
Select the proper extension channel in the drop-down list.
Aggregation MSDU (A-MSDU):
Select Disable or Enable.
Auto Block ACK:
Select Disable or Enable.
Decline BA Request:
Select Disable or Enable.
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4.3.1.1 Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
WDS Mode:
There are four options, including Disable, Lazy Mode, Bridge Mode, and Repeater Mode.
¾ Disable
Select Disable to disable the WDS mode.
¾ Lazy Mode
WDS Mode:
Select Lazy Mode. The WDS Lazy mode is allowed the other WDS bridge / repeater
mode link automatically.
Phy Mode:
It provides 4 options, including CCK, OFDM, HTMIX, and GREENFIELD.
Encryp Type:
It provides 4 options, including None, WEP, TKIP, and AES.
¾ Bridge Mode/ Repeater Mode
27
WDS Mode:
Select Bridge Mode or Repeater Mode.
Phy Mode:
It provides 4 options, including CCK, OFDM, HTMIX, and GREENFIELD.
Encryp Type:
It provides 4 options, including None, WEP, TKIP, and AES.
AP MAC Address:
It provides 4 AP MAC Address. Enter the MAC address of the other APs.
WDS (Wireless Distribution System) allows access points to communicate with one
another wirelessly in a standardized way. It can also simplify the network infrastructure by
reducing the amount of cabling required. Basically the access points will act as a client and
an access point at the same time.
WDS is incompatible with WPA. Both features cannot be used at the same time. A WDS link
is bi-directional, so the AP must know the MAC address of the other AP, and the other AP
must have a WDS link back to the AP.
Dynamically assigned and rotated encryption key are not supported in a WDS connection.
This means that WPA and other dynamic key assignment technologies may not be used.
Only Static WEP keys may be used in a WDS connection, including any STAs that are
associated with a WDS repeating AP.
Enter the MAC address of the other APs that you want to link to and click enable.
Supports up to 4 point to multipoint WDS links, check Enable WDS and then enable on the
MAC addresses.
Example of a WDS topology:
AP1 <-- WDS --> Master AP <-- WDS --> AP3 <-- WDS --> AP4
28
4.3.2 Advanced
This page makes more detailed settings for the AP. Advanced Wireless Settings page
includes items that are not available in the Basic Wireless Settings page, such as basic
data rates, beacon interval, and data beacon rate.
29
Advanced Wireless
Beacon Interval:
The interval time range is between 20ms and 999ms for each beacon transmission. The
default value is 100ms.
Date Beacon Rate (DTM):
The DTM range is between 1 ms and 255 ms. The default value is 1ms.
Fragment Threshold:
This is the maximum data fragment size (between 256 bytes and 2346 bytes) that can be
sent in the wireless network before the router fragments the packet into smaller data frames.
The default value is 2346.
RTS Threshold:
Request to send (RTS) is designed to prevent collisions due to hidden node. A RTS defines
the biggest size data frame you can send before a RTS handshake invoked. The RTS
threshold value is between 1 and 2347. The default value is 2347.
If the RTS threshold value is greater than the fragment threshold value, the RTS handshake
does not occur. Because the data frames are fragmented before they reach the RTS size.
Tx Power:
The Tx Power range is between 1 and 100. The default value is 100.
Short Preamble:
Select Disable or Enable.
Short Slot:
Select Disable or Enable.
Tx Burst:
Select Disable or Enable.
Pkt_Aggregate:
Select Disable or Enable.
Country Code:
Select the region which area you are. It provides six regions in the drop-down list.
Wi-Fi Multimedia
WMM Capable:
Enable or disable WMM.
APSD Capable:
Enable or disable APSD.
WMM Parameter:
Click WMM Configuration button to pop up WMM Parameters of Access Point page. You
can configure WMM parameters in the page.
30
Multicast-to-Unicast Converter
Multicast-to-Unicast Converter:
Enable or disable Multicast-to-Unicast Converter.
After finishing the settings above, click Apply to save the settings and make the new
configuration take effect. Click Cancel to close without saving.
31
4.3.3 Security
Choose Wireless Settings > Security and the following page appears. It allows you to
modify the settings to prevent the unauthorized accesses.
Select SSID
SSID choice:
Select SSID in the drop-down list.
Security
Security Mode:
There are 11 options, including Disable, OPEN, SHARED, WEPAUTO, WPA, WPA-PSK,
WPA2, WPA2-PSK, WPAPSKWPA2PSK, WPA1WPA2, and 802.1X.
32
[EXAMPLE]
Take 802.1x for example. Select 802.1x in the Security Mode down-list. The page shown
in the following page appears.
802.1x WEP
WEP:
Disable or enable WEP.
33
Radius Server
IP Address:
Enter the IP address of Radius Server.
Port:
The default port of the RADIUS server for authentication is 1812. You need not change this
value unless your network administrator instructs you to do so with additional information.
Shared Secret:
Enter a password as the key to be shared between the external authentication server and
the access point. The key is not send over the network. This key must be the same on the
external authentication server and your router.
Session Timeout:
Set the time interval for session. Enter the proper value in the field.
Idle Timeout:
Set the idle time interval. Enter the proper value in the field.
Access Policy
Policy:
There are three options, including Disable, Allow, and Reject. You can choose Disable,
Allow or Reject. Select Allow, only the clients whose MAC address is listed can access the
router. Select Reject, the clients whose MAC address is listed are denied to access the
router.
Add a station MAC:
If you want to add a station MAC, enter the MAC address of the wireless station that are
allowed or denied access to your router in this address field.
After finishing the settings above, click Apply to save the settings and make the new
configuration take effect. Click Cancel to close without saving.
34
4.3.4 WPS
You can enable or disable the WPS function in this page.
Select Enable in the WPS drop-down list. Click Apply and the following page appear.
35
WPS Summary
It displays the WPS information, such as WPS Current Status, WPS Configured, and WPS
SSID.
Reset OOB:
Reset to out of box (OoB) configuration
WPS Progress
WPS mode:
There are two way for you to enable WPS function: PIN, PBC. You can use a push button
configuration (PBC) on the Wi-Fi router. If there is no button, enter a 4- or 8-digit PIN code.
Each STA supporting WPS comes with a hard-coded PIN code.
PIN:
If you select PIN mode, you need enter the PIN number in the field.
WPS Status
It displays the information about WPS status.
36
4.3.5 Station List
Through this page, you can easily identify the connected wireless stations. It automatically
observes the ID of connected wireless station (if specified), MAC address, SSID, and
current status.
37
4.4 Wireless Settings (Client)
4.4.1 Profile
The Station Profile page shows the settings and current operation status of the station.
38
4.4.2 Link Status
The Station Link Status page shows the settings and current operation status of the Station.
39
4.4.3 Site Survey
Station Site Survey page can shows information of APs nearby, you can choose one of
these APs connecting or adding it to profile.
40
For adding a profile, choose one AP and click “Add Profile”. And you will see the below
screen for AP profile configuration. Enter the necessary information and apply the settings.
41
4.4.4 Statistics
The Station Statistics page shows the settings and current operation status of the Station.
42
4.4.5 Advance
The Station Advanced Configuration page shows the settings and current operation status
of the station.
Wireless Mode:
Select wireless mode. 802.11a Only, 802.11a/n mix mode are supported.
Country Region Code:
This field displays the region of operation for which the wireless interface is intended.
TX Rate:
Manually force the Transmit using selected rate. Default is auto.
TX Burst:
Frame burst mode.
HT Physical Mode:
Configure HT Status in use, containing HT(MM or GF), BW(20 or Auto), GI(Long or Auto),
and MCS(0~15, 32, or Auto) settings.
43
4.4.6 11n Configuration
The Station 11n Configurations page shows the settings and current operation status of the
station.
MPDU Aggregation:
MPDU stands for MAC Protocol Data Unit. MPDUs are the fragmented units of MSDU,
also called MAC frames, encapsulate the higher layer protocol data or contain MAC
management messages.
MPDU Density:
Select 0~7 to configure the MPDU density.
Aggregation MDSU (A-MSDU):
A-MSDU stands for Aggregate MAC service data unit. This option allows aggregation
of multiple MSDU in one MPDU. The MSDU is that unit of data that is received from the
LLC sub-layer which lies above the MAC sub-layer in a protocol stack. The LLC and
MAC sub-layers are collectively referred to as the DLL.
44
4.4.7 About
The About page shows driver version and MAC address.
45
4.4.8 WPS
You can setup security easily by choosing PIN or PBC method to do Wi-Fi Protected setup.
WPS AP Site Survey:
Display the information of surrounding APs with WPS IE from last scan result. List
information includes SSID, BSSID, RSSI, Channel, ID (Device Password ID), Auth., Encrypt,
Ver., and Status.
Refresh:
Issue a rescan command to wireless NIC to update information on surrounding wireless
network.
Mode:
Our station role-playing as an Enrollee or an external Registrar.
PIN:
8-digit numbers. It is required to enter PIN Code into Registrar using PIN method. Each NIC
Wireless has only one PIN Code of Enrollee.
PIN Start:
Start to add to Registrar using PIN configuration method. IF STA Registrar, remember that
enter PIN Code read from you Enrollee before starting PIN.
PBC Start:
Start to add to AP using PBC configuration method.
WPS Status:
Display the current status of the WPS function.
46
4.5 Internet Settings
4.5.1 WAN
The WAN port is the connection of the 802.11n AP Router module to existing broadband
device such as Cable modem or ADSL CPE. Click WAN on Internet Setting, below screen
will prompt for WAN setting.
This AP Router supports 5 methods of obtaining the WAN IP Address:
Static IP (fixed IP):
Use static IP address to access Network. Your ISP will provide a static IP address.
DHCP (Auto Config):
Automatic gets IP address from your ISP.
PPPoE (ADSL):
PPPoE is a common connection type used for xDSL.
PPTP:
PPP Tunneling Protocol can support multi-protocol Virtual Private Network (VPN).
L2TP:
Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol can support multi-protocol Virtual Private Networks (VPN)
47
4.5.2 LAN
When the module operates in the Gateway mode, it supports the NAT (NAPT) feature. It
means the WAN and LAN interfaces are located in different network segments and therefore
the date traffic needs to be routed between the two interfaces.
To communicate with 802.11n router properly, must assign an IP address to the LAN port of
the user’s PC. There are two ways to assign a proper IP address to the user PC’s LAN port:
Manual configuration of the user PC:
This required if the user configures the 802.11n router WAN port with a static IP address.
Dynamic IP assignment with DHCP:
802.11n router can act as a DHCP server which dynamically assigns an IP address to user’s
PC located in the LAN-side network.
48
Click LAN on Internet Settings, below screen will prompt for LAN setting.
LAN IP Address:
The LAN IP address. Default: 192.168.0.1
Subnet Mask:
The LAN net-mask. Default: 255.255.255.0
49
DHCP Type:
Select Disable to disable this Router to distribute IP address. Select Server to enable this
Router to distribute IP addresses (DHCP server). And the following field will be activated for
you to enter this starting IP address.
Start IP address:
Specify the starting IP address of the IP address pool. Default Start IP: 192.168.0.100.
End IP address:
Specify the ending IP address of the IP address pool. Default End IP: 192.168.0.250.
Lease Time:
Specify the time duration for which the settings will be in effect. Default: 86400 seconds.
802.1d Spanning Tree:
Default: Disable.
LLTD:
Default: Disable.
IGMP Proxy:
Default: Disable.
UPnP:
UPuP is architecture for pervasive peer-to-peer network connectivity of PCs and intelligent
devices or appliances, particularly within the home. UPnP builds on Internet standards and
technologies, such as TCP/IP, HTTP, and XML, to enable these devices automatically
connect with one another and work together to make networking – particularly home
networking – possible for more people. Default: Disable. Router Advertisement: Default:
Disable.
PPPoE Relay:
Default: Disable.
DNS Proxy:
Enable the DNS Proxy that will relay users’/clients’ DNS requests to a real DNS server IP
address. Users no need to specify real DNS server IP address. Default: Enabled.
50
4.5.3 DHCP Client
DHCP client computers connected to the device will have their information displayed in the
DHCP Client List table. The table will show the MAC Address, IP Address and Expired in of
the DHCP lease for each client computer.
MAC Address:
Shows the client MAC address information.
IP address:
Shows the client IP address information.
Expires in:
Shows the expired time of the client.
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4.5.4 Advanced Routing
Static routes are special routes that the network administrator manually enters into the
router configuration. The route table allows the user to configure and define all the static
routes supported by the router. You may add and remote custom Internet routing rules,
and/or enable dynamic routing exchange protocol here.
52
4.6 Firewall
The Firewall contains the following sections: MAC/IP/Port Filtering, Port Forwarding, DMZ,
System Security Setting, Content Filtering, and Port Trigger.
4.6.1 MAC/IP/Port Filtering
You can setup firewall rules to protect your network from virus, worm and malicious activity
on the internet. Filters are used to deny or allow LAN computers from access the Internet.
Within the local area network, the unit can be setup to deny Internet access to computers
using the assigned IP or MAC addresses. The unit can also block users from accessing
restricted web site.
53
MAC/IP/Port Filtering:
Enable this function, all list from the filtering will be deny the internet access.
Default Policy:
There have 2 options, Dropped and Accepted.
MAC Address:
The MAC address of the computer in the LAN (Local Area Network) to be used in the MAC
filter table. Enter the MAC address of LAN port, e.g. 00:30:4F:88:81:18
Dest IP Address:
The IP address that will be denied to access.
Source IP Address:
The IP address that will be denied access to the Internet.
Protocol: This is the protocol type that will be used with the Port that will be blocked.
Destination Port Range:
The single port or port range that will be denied to access. If no port is specified, all ports will
be denied access.
Source Port Range:
The single port or port range that will be denied access to the Internet. If no port is specified,
all ports will be denied access.
54
4.6.2 Port Forwarding
You may setup virtual servers to provide service on internet.
Virtual Server Setting:
Enable/Disable the port forward.
IP Address:
This is the port number on the WAN side that will be used to access the application. You
may define a single port or a range of ports. You can use a comma to add multiple ports or
port ranges.
Port Range:
This is the port used to forward the application. It can be either a single port or a range of
ports. For the TCP and UDP services enter the beginning of the range of port numbers used
by the service. If the service uses a single port number, enter it in both the start and finish
fields.
Protocol:
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP, or TCP & UDP) used to the remote system or service.
Comment:
You may key in a description for the IP address.
55
4.6.3 DMZ
You may setup a De-Militarized Zone (DMZ) to separate internet network and internet.
DMZ Setting:
If the DMZ Host Function is enabled, it means that you set up DMZ host at a particular
computer to be exposed to the Internet so that some applications/software, especially
Internet/Online game can have two-way connections. Select Enable or Disable from the
pull-down menu.
DMZ IP Address:
Enter the IP address of a particular host in your LAN that will receive all the packets
originally going to the WAN port/Public IP address above.
Note: You need to give your LAN PC clients a fixed/static IP address for DMZ to work
properly.
56
4.6.4 System Security
You may configure the system firewall to protect AP/Router itself from attacking.
57
4.6.5 Content Filtering
You can setup content filter to restrict the improper content access.
Content Filter Setting:
There have three options for this filter – Proxy, Java, and ActiveX.When those options are
checked, the content filter will deny computer from access to the internet by contented those
options.
Web URL Filter Setting:
With security reason, the URL Filter provides the enterprise to manage and restrict
employee access to non-business or undesirable content on the Internet. URL Filter is a
web solution that blocks web-sites access according the URL Filter String no matter the URL
string is found full or partial matched with a keyword.
Web Host Filter Settings:
Web Host Filter is a web solution that blocks web-sites access according the Web Host
name or partial matched with a keyword.
58
4.7 Administration
The Administration contains the following sections: Administration, Upload Firmware,
Setting Management, Status, Statistics, System Command, and System Log
4.7.1 Management
You may configure administrator account and password, NTP settings, and Dynamic DNS
settings here.
59
4.7.2 Upload Firmware
Firmware is the main software image, which the AP Router needs to perform all tasks in real
time. Firmware upgrades are required for adding new features or to resolves bugs. It takes
about 1 minute to upload/upgrade flash and be patient please.
Caution: A corrupted image will hang up the system.
60
4.7.3 Settings Management
You might save system settings by exporting them to configuration file, restore them by
import the file, or reset them to factory default.
61
4.7.4 Status
In this section, you can look at the status of this wireless 11n Router, such as System Info,
Internet Configurations, and Local Network…etc.
62
4.7.5 Statistics
In this section, you can look at the statistics of this wireless 11n Router, such as Memory
statistics, WAN/LAN’s Rx & Tx packets, and all interface statistics…etc
63
4.7.6 System Log
This 802.11n Router supports sending system log (sending UDP packets and keeping log
messages in Log Server. Click Refresh on Administration, below screen will prompt for
System Log information
64
APPENDIX A. GLOSSARY
802.11a - An IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a maximum data transfer
rate of 54Mbps and an operating frequency of 5GHz.
Adapter - This is a device that adds network functionality to your PC.
Ad-hoc - A group of wireless devices communicating directly with each other (peer-to-peer)
without the use of an access point.
Backbone - The part of a network that connects most of the systems and networks together,
and handles the most data.
Bandwidth - The transmission capacity of a given device or network.
Beacon Interval - Data transmitted on your wireless network that keeps the network
synchronized.
Bit - A binary digit.
Browser - An application program that provides a way to look at and interact with all the
information on the World Wide Web.
CSMA/CA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance) - A method of data transfer
that is used to prevent data collisions.
CTS (Clear To Send) - A signal sent by a wireless device, signifying that it is ready to receive
data.
Database - A collection of data that is organized so that its contents can easily be accessed,
managed, and updated.
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) - A networking protocol that allows
administrators to assign temporary IP addresses to network computers by "leasing" an IP
address to a user for a limited amount of time, instead of assigning permanent IP addresses.
65
Download - To receive a file transmitted over a network.
DSSS (Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum) - Frequency transmission with a redundant bit
pattern resulting in a lower probability of information being lost in transit.
DTIM (Delivery Traffic Indication Message) - A message included in data packets that can
increase wireless efficiency.
Encryption - Encoding data transmitted in a network.
Ethernet - IEEE standard network protocol that specifies how data is placed on and
retrieved from a common transmission medium.
Firmware - The programming code that runs a networking device.
Fragmentation -Breaking a packet into smaller units when transmitting over a network
medium that cannot support the original size of the packet.
Gateway - A device that interconnects networks with different, incompatible
communications protocols.
Hardware - The physical aspect of computers, telecommunications, and other information
technology devices.
IEEE (The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) - An independent institute that
develops networking standards.
Infrastructure - A wireless network that is bridged to a wired network via an access point.
IP (Internet Protocol) - A protocol used to send data over a network.
IP Address - The address used to identify a computer or device on a network.
ISM band - Radio bandwidth utilized in wireless transmissions.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) - A company that provides access to the Internet.
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LAN - The computers and networking products that make up your local network.
MAC (Media Access Control) Address - The unique address that a manufacturer assigns to
each networking device.
Network - A series of computers or devices connected for the purpose of data sharing,
storage, and/or transmission between users.
Node - A network junction or connection point, typically a computer or work station.
Packet - A unit of data sent over a network.
Passphrase - Used much like a password, a passphrase simplifies the WEP encryption
process by automatically generating the WEP encryption keys for Linksys products.
Port - The connection point on a computer or networking device used for plugging in cables
or adapters.
Roaming - The ability to take a wireless device from one access point's range to another
without losing the connection.
Router - A networking device that connects multiple networks together.
RTS (Request To Send) - A networking method of coordinating large packets through the
RTS Threshold setting.
Server - Any computer whose function in a network is to provide user access to files,
printing, communications, and other services.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) - A widely used network monitoring and
control protocol.
Software - Instructions for the computer. A series of instructions that performs a particular
task is called a "program".
SOHO (Small Office/Home Office) - Market segment of professionals who work at home or
in small offices.
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Spread Spectrum - Wideband radio frequency technique used for more reliable and secure
data transmission.
SSID (Service Set IDentifier) - Your wireless network's name.
Static IP Address - A fixed address assigned to a computer or device that is connected to a
network.
Subnet Mask - An address code that determines the size of the network.
Switch - 1. A data switch that connects computing devices to host computers, allowing a
large number of devices to share a limited number of ports. 2. A device for making, breaking,
or changing the connections in an electrical circuit.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - A network protocol for transmitting data that requires
acknowledgement from the recipient of data sent.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - A set of instructions PCs use to
communicate over a network.
TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) - a wireless encryption protocol that provides
dynamic encryption keys for each packet transmitted.
Topology - The physical layout of a network.
Upgrade - To replace existing software or firmware with a newer version.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) - An optional cryptographic confidentiality algorithm
specified by IEEE 802.11 that may be used to provide data confidentiality that is subjectively
equivalent to the confidentiality of a wired local area network (LAN) medium that does not
employ cryptographic techniques to enhance privacy confidentiality.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) - a wireless security protocol using TKIP (Temporal Key
Integrity Protocol) encryption, which can be used in conjunction with a RADIUS server.
68
APPENDIX B. TROUBLESHOOTING
This part provides solutions to problems usually encountered during the installation and
operation of the WNAP-7200.
The bridges can’t successfully associate with each other:
Š To make sure the cables is connected properly.
Š To check the WNAP-7200 adapter’s LED is on or not.
Š To check the both Frequency settings are on the same channel or not.
Š To check the data rate is matched with one and another through the statistic RSSI
display or the advance setting inside the Frequency setting.
Š To make sure you use the same encryption key on the both sides or during the bridge
link.
Š To check the Antenna is aligned appropriately before the Bridge’s association.
If you experience the poor performance (high packet loss rate) during the bridge link,
it is better for to check the following items:
Š To check the range is still inside the Antenna range limitation or not.
Š To make sure the Antenna is aligned properly again.
Š To make sure if there is no any obstruction in the middle of Line-of-Sight (LOS).
Š To be sure there is no radio transmitter too close to the bridge s’ Antennas and relocated
the Antennas if you have some around.
Š To check if you use too close frequency channels to cause the poor link and to set
another channel.
Š To ping one and another IP address to make sure it will reply or not.
If all recovery measures fail, the bridge still couldn’t function properly and take this
action as what we recommend:
Š Do not open the bridge box by yourself.
Š Contact the technical support experts for the troubleshooting.
Š If you do open the bridge, you will lose the manufacture warranty.
69
If Technical Support assistance is required, please prepare the following information
ready before you contact us:
Š A list of the product hardware (including revision levels), and a brief description of the
network structure.
Š Details of recent configuration changes, if applicable.
If it appears that more in-depth support is required, have the following information on
hand before seeking assistance:
Š What you were doing when the error occurred.
Š What error messages you saw.
Š Whether the problem can be reproduced.
Š The serial number of the product.
Š The firmware version and the debug information.
70
APPENDIX C. RF LOS (LINE-OF-SIGHT)
For the wireless communication, the Line-of-Sight (LOS) will be the major issue over
building up the wireless link. This evaluated procedure is to reduce the obstructions and to
avoid the multiple-path signal degrading the communication quality.
The first requirement is the Line-of-Sight (LOS) between the both sides’ Antennas. The radio
line-of-sight concept is the area along the radio linking path through which is the bulk of the
radio signal power travels. The area is known as the first Fresnel Zone of the radio link. For
the radio link, it should avoid to be affected by obstacles in this path, including the ground
within 60% of the first Fresnel Zone.
The following figure illustrates the concept of a good radio line-of-sight.
If there is any obstacle in the radio path, it may still be a radio link but the quality and the
signal strength will be affected. Ensuring the maximum clearance from objects on a path is
important to locate the antennas and the height. For the long-distance links, the radio
signals might be lost partially due to the non-LOS issue.
As we setup the radio path for the wireless bridge link, it needs to consider these factors:
‹ Avoid any partial line-of-sight between the antennas.
‹ Be aware of trees that may be near the path or obstruct the path.
‹ Make sure there is enough clearance from buildings and there is no any building or
construction blocking the path.
‹ Check the land topology between the antennas using topographical maps, aerial photos,
or even satellite image data.
‹ Avoid a path that may have the temporary blockage due to the moving objects, such as
cars, trains, or aircrafts.
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Note:
For the wireless link less than 500 m, the IEEE 802.11a radio signal will tolerate some
obstacles in the path and may not even require a visual line of sight between the antennas.
72
APPENDIX D. ANTENNA HEIGHT
The reliable wireless linkage usually depends on the both sides’ antennas for a clear radio
line of sight. The minimum height is up to the link distance, obstacles that may be in the path,
topology of the terrain, and the curvature of the earth (for links over 2 miles). For the
long-distance links, the mast or the pole may need to be constructed to attain the minimum
required height. The following table is for you to estimate the required minimum clearance
above the ground or path obstruction.
Total link distance
Max clearance for 60% of
Approximate clearance Total clearance required
first Fresnel zone at 5.8GHz for earth curvature
at mid-point of link
0.25 mile (402 m)
4.5 ft (1.4 m)
0
4.5 ft (1.4 m)
0.5 mile (805 m)
6.4 ft (1.95 m)
0
6.4 ft (1.95 m)
1 mile (1.6 km)
9 ft (2.7 m)
0
9 ft (2.7 m)
2 mile (3.2 km)
12.7 ft (3.9 m)
1 ft (0.3 m)
13.7 ft (4.2 m)
3 mile (4.8 km)
15.6 ft (4.8 m)
2 ft (0.6 m)
17.6 ft (5.4 m)
4 mile (6.4 km)
18 ft (5.5 m)
3 ft (0.9 m)
21 ft (6.4 m)
73
For example, the wireless link between the building A and the building B is located three
miles (4.8 km) away. There is a tree-covered hill in the mid-way. From the table above, it can
be seen that for a three-mile link and the object clearance required at the mid-point is 5.4 m
(17.6 ft). The tree-covered hill height is at an elevation of 17 m (56 ft), so the antennas
linkage on both sides needs to be at least 22.4 m (73 ft) high. The building A is six stories
high or 20 m (66 ft), so the mast or pole with 2.4 m (7.9 ft) must be constructed on its roof to
meet the required antenna height. The building B is only three stories high or 9 m (30 ft) but
it is located at an elevation that is 12 m (39 ft) higher than the building A. A mast or pole is
required to mount an antenna at the required height 1.4 m (4.6ft) on the roof of building B.
74
EC Declaration of Conformity
For the following equipment:
*Type of Product:
*Model Number:
802.11a/n Wireless LAN Outdoor CPE AP/Router (18dBi Antenna Built-in)
WNAP-7200
* Produced by:
Manufacturer‘s Name :
Manufacturer‘s Address:
Planet Technology Corp.
11F, No 96, Min Chuan Road,
Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
is herewith confirmed to comply with the requirements set out in the Council Directive on the
Approximation of the Laws of the Member States relating to 89/336/EEC, 73/223/EEC,
99/5/EEC R&TTE.
For the evaluation regarding the R&TTE the following standards were applied:
ETSI EN 301 489: V1.5.1
(2008-12)
ETSI EN 301 489-1: V1.8.1
(2008-04)
ETSI EN 301 489-17: V1.3.2
(2008-04)
EN 55022
(2006 + A1: 2007)
IEC 60950-1
(2001)
EN 60950-1
(2001 + A11: 2004)
Responsible for marking this declaration if the:
⌧ Manufacturer
Authorized representative established within the EU
Authorized representative established within the EU (if applicable):
Company Name:
Planet Technology Corp.
Company Address:
11F, No.96, Min Chuan Road, Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C
Person responsible for making this declaration
Name, Surname
Alex Tien
Position / Title :
Product Manager
Taiwan
Place
26th Dec., 2009
Date
Legal Signature
PLANET TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
e-mail: [email protected]
http://www.planet.com.tw
11F, No. 96, Min Chuan Road, Hsin Tien, Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C. Tel:886-2-2219-9518 Fax:886-2-2219-9528
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