Comprehensive Assessment of Demand

Comprehensive Assessment of Demand
FINAL REPORT
Comprehensive
Assessment of
Demand-Side
Resource Potentials
(2014–2033)
May 2013
Prepared by:
Prepared for:
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
720 SW Washington Street, Suite 400
Portland, OR 97205
503.228.2992
Puget Sound Energy
Principal Investigators:
Hossein Haeri
Fred Schaefer
Jessica Aiona
Tina Jayaweera
Travis Walker
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Table of Contents: Volume I
Executive Summary .............................................................................................1
Overview .............................................................................................................. 1
Summary of Results ............................................................................................. 1
Energy Efficiency ........................................................................................... 2
Fuel Conversion ............................................................................................. 6
Demand Response ........................................................................................ 7
Distributed Generation ................................................................................... 8
Comparison to the 6th Plan ................................................................................... 8
Residential Sector .......................................................................................... 9
Commercial Sector....................................................................................... 10
Industrial Sector ........................................................................................... 10
Incorporation of DSR into PSE’s IRP.................................................................. 10
Organization of the Report ................................................................................. 12
1. General Approach and Methodology ......................................................... 13
General Approach .............................................................................................. 13
About Levelized Costs ................................................................................. 13
Data Sources ............................................................................................... 15
Energy Efficiency ................................................................................................ 16
Overview ...................................................................................................... 17
Developing Baseline Forecasts .................................................................... 18
Estimating Technical Potential ..................................................................... 19
Incorporation of Upcoming Codes and Standards........................................ 21
Naturally Occurring Conservation ................................................................ 26
Achievable Technical Potential .................................................................... 27
Fuel Conversion ................................................................................................. 27
Demand Response ............................................................................................. 28
Scope of Analysis......................................................................................... 28
General Approach ........................................................................................ 29
About Residential DLC ................................................................................. 31
Distributed Generation ........................................................................................ 31
Incorporation of Demand Side Resources into PSE’s IRP ................................. 32
About Hourly DSR Estimates ....................................................................... 32
2. Energy-Efficiency Potentials ....................................................................... 37
Scope of Analysis ............................................................................................... 37
Summary of Resource Potentials—Electric ........................................................ 37
Summary of Resource Potentials—Natural Gas................................................. 39
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Detailed Resource Potentials ............................................................................. 41
Residential Sector—Electric ......................................................................... 41
Residential Sector—Natural Gas ................................................................. 44
Commercial Sector—Electric ....................................................................... 46
Commercial Sector—Natural Gas ................................................................ 49
Industrial Sector—Electric ............................................................................ 51
Industrial Sector—Natural Gas..................................................................... 53
3. Fuel Conversion Potentials ......................................................................... 55
Scope of Analysis ............................................................................................... 55
Summary of Resource Potentials ....................................................................... 55
Detailed Resource Potentials ............................................................................. 56
Residential Sector ........................................................................................ 56
Commercial Sector....................................................................................... 59
4. Demand Response Potentials ..................................................................... 63
Scope of Analysis ............................................................................................... 63
Summary of Resource Potentials ....................................................................... 63
Resource Costs and Supply Curves ............................................................ 64
Resource Acquisition Schedule.................................................................... 65
Detailed Resource Potentials by Program Strategy ............................................ 67
Residential DLC ........................................................................................... 67
Nonresidential Load Curtailment .................................................................. 72
CPP.............................................................................................................. 74
5. Distributed Generation ................................................................................ 81
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Table of Contents: Volume II
Appendix A: Methodological Consistency with the 6th Northwest Power Plan
Appendix B: Technical Supplements: Energy Efficiency
B.1: Baseline Data
B.2: Measure Descriptions
B.3: Measure-Level Inputs and Potential
B.4: Detailed Potential Results
Appendix C: Technical Supplements: Fuel Conversion
Appendix D: Conditional Demand Modeling
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Overview
This report summarizes the results of an independent study of the technical and achievable
potential for electric and natural gas demand-side resources (DSR) in Puget Sound Energy’s
(PSE) service territory from 2014 to 2033. PSE commissioned the study as part of its biennial
integrated resource planning (IRP) process.
The study, building upon PSE’s 2012–2031 assessment of DSR resources, incorporates PSE’s
programmatic accomplishments in the intervening years. Further, it updates baseline and DSR
data informed by primary and secondary data collection, and is informed by the work of other
entities in the region, such as the Northwest Power and Conservation Council (the Council) and
the Northwest Regional Technical Forum (RTF). The methods used to evaluate the technical and
achievable technical potential draw upon best utility industry practices, and remain consistent
with the methodology used by the Council in its assessment of regional conservation potentials
in the Northwest 6th Regional Power Plan (6th Plan).
Summary of Results
Table 1 summarizes the potentials identified in this study. As shown, electric DSRs account for
619 aMW and 1,017 winter peak MW of achievable technical potential by 2033. These potentials
represent 19% of retail energy sales and 22% of winter peak demand.1 Similarly, achievable
technical natural gas potential accounts for 21% of forecasted 2033 retail sales. High-level
potentials by resource follow below, with more detailed results presented in the body of
this report. All values are reported at generator and assume line loss of 6.9% for electric
resources and 0.8% for gas resources. In addition, the numbers discussed in this report do not
account for intra-year ramping. DSR bundles used as input into PSE’s IRP analysis do reflect
intra-year ramping, as discussed in “Chapter 1: General Approach and Methodology” under
“About Hourly DSR Estimates.”
1
Demand response potentials do not account for program interactions; thus, this potential would likely be
reduced if multiple programs were competing for participants.
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Table 1. Summary of Energy and Capacity Saving Potentials, Cumulative in 2033
Resource
Energy
(aMW / million therms)
Achievable
Technical
Technical
Potential
Potential
Electric Resources
Energy Efficiency
714
240
N/A
N/A
Fuel Conversion
Demand Response
Distributed Generation
Electric Resources Total
Natural Gas Resources
Energy Efficiency
954
Winter Coincident Peak
Capacity
(MW)
Achievable
Technical
Technical
Potential
Potential
521
61
N/A
36
878
575
N/A
N/A
661
110
213
33
1,017
229
N/A
N/A
619
347
Energy Efficiency
Table 2 shows 2033 forecasted baseline electric sales and potential by sector. Study results
indicate 714 aMW of technically feasible electric energy-efficiency potential will be available by
2033, the end of the 20-year planning horizon. Upon taking market constraints into account, this
translates to an achievable technical potential of 521 aMW. Provided all this potential proves
cost-effective and realizable, it will result in a 16% reduction in 2033 forecast retail sales.
Consistent with the Council’s method, this study assumes that 85% of electric resources will be
achievable over time. However, due to the timing of lost opportunity resource acquisition,
achievable technical potential amounts to less than 85% of technical potential (described in
greater detail in Section 1: General Approach and Methodology).
Table 2. Electric Energy-Efficiency Potential by Sector, Cumulative in 2033
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Baseline
Sales
1,619
1,546
132
3,297
Technical Potential
Percent of
aMW
Baseline Sales
356
331
28
714
22%
21%
21%
22%
Achievable Technical Potential
Percent of
aMW
Baseline Sales
240
258
23
521
15%
17%
18%
16%
Table 3 shows 2033 forecasted baseline natural gas sales and potential by sector. Study results
indicate roughly 350 million therms of technically feasible natural gas energy-efficiency
potential by 2033, translating to an achievable technical potential of 231 million therms. If all
this potential proves cost-effective and realizable, it will result in a 21% reduction in 2033
forecasted retail sales.
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Table 3. Natural Gas Energy-Efficiency Potential by Sector, Cumulative in 2033
Sector
Baseline
Sales
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Technical Potential
Million
Percent of
Therms
Baseline Sales
668
404
26
1,099
226
120
4
350
Achievable Technical Potential
Million
Percent of
Therms
Baseline Sales
34%
30%
16%
32%
147
81
3
231
22%
20%
12%
21%
Comparison to 2011 IRP
This energy-efficiency potential assessment largely updates the analysis conducted for PSE’s
2011 IRP. However, a number of differences between the two studies have led to differences in
technical and, thus, achievable technical potential. These differences primarily include:

Updating residential baseline data from PSE’s 2010 Residential Characteristic
Survey (RCS);

Utilization of PSE’s most recent energy and sales forecasts;

Incorporation of assumptions, data, and new measures from the RTF;

Adjustments to remaining potential, based on PSE’s actual 2010–2011 and projected
2012–2013 energy-efficiency program accomplishments;

Updating data on measure costs, savings, lifetime, and applicability; and

Incorporation of new codes and standards.

Use of Simple Energy and Enthalpy Model (SEEM) building simulations.
By sector, Table 4compares electric and natural gas technical potentials from the two studies. At
an aggregate level, the study indicates electric technical potential approximately 31% (318
aMW) lower than that of the 2011 IRP (714 aMW in the 2013 IRP vs. 1,032 aMW in the 2011
IRP).
Table 4. Comparison of Energy-Efficiency Technical Potential, 2011 IRP to 2013 IRP
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Electric (aMW)
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
608
401
24
1,032
Natural Gas (million therms)
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
356
331
28
714
305
118
7
430
226
120
4
350
Four factors largely drive this decrease, listed in order of their magnitude:
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Higher saturations of efficient plug loads in the residential and commercial sectors,
informed by recent ENERGY STAR shipment data.2 Table compares ENERGY STAR
equipment penetrations from the 2011 and 2013 IRPs.
Table 5. Comparison of ENERGY STAR Plug Load Equipment Penetrations
ENERGY STAR Penetration
End Use
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
Computer
10%
60%
Dehumidifier
75%
77%
DVD
44%
63%
Home Audio System
39%
34%
Monitor
12%
70%
5%
51%
12%
74%
Set Top Box
TV
Higher ENERGY STAR equipment penetrations contribute to a 102 aMW decrease in
20-year technical potential in the residential sector and 17 aMW decrease in the
commercial sector. Overall, this accounts for roughly 37% of the total difference.3

PSE Energy Efficiency program activity, most notably with efficient lighting; Residential
lighting 20-year savings is 88 aMW lower in the 2013 IRP, compared to the 2011 IRP.
This accounts for 28% of the total difference in 20-year technical potential between the
two studies.

Additional codes and standards, and a more robust analysis of codes and standards
considered in the 2011 IRP; This had the largest impact in the commercial sector, where
standards were not treated as rigorously in the 2011 IRP. This change accounts for 21%
of the decrease.

Measure updates from various sources, including the RTF. This accounts for the
remaining 14% of the 318 aMW decrease.
As with the electric energy-efficiency resource, the study indicates lower natural gas technical
potential (350 MM therms vs. 430 MM therms). As illustrated in Table 4, most the difference is
in the residential sector. This is primarily due to lower savings for a handful of residential
measures where Cadmus updated savings using building simulations.
For the residential sector, the Council and RTF use the Simple Energy and Enthalpy Model
(SEEM), a building simulation model.4 Cadmus used SEEM v0.94 to develop estimates of both
gas and electric HVAC baseline and measure consumptions (e.g., central air conditioning, heat
2
United States Environmental Protection Agency. “ENERGY STAR Unit Shipment and Sales Data Archives.”
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=partners.unit_shipment_data_archives
3
Updated ENERGY STAR saturations contributed to 16 aMW decrease in commercial plug load.
4
http://www.nwcouncil.org/energy/rtf/measures/support/SEEM/Default.asp
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pumps, furnaces and insulation) in single-family, multifamily, and manufactured homes.5 Model
inputs were adjusted for PSE’s territory, thereby customizing parameters such as building square
feet and climate zones to match customer-specific data. Thus, the methodology to estimate
savings was the same as used by the Council and RTF, but the actual savings differ due to unique
characteristics of houses within PSE’s service territory compared to Northwest regional
averages.6
Table 5 lists five top residential gas saving measures from the 2011 assessment and provides a
comparison of savings between the two assessments. These five measures account for roughly
84% of the decrease in gas technical potential.
Table 5. Measures with Reduced Savings in 2013 Assessment.
2011 IRP
(million
therms)
Measure Name
Thermal Shell - Infiltration @0.2 ACH
w/HRV
Ceiling Insulation
2013 IRP
(million
therms)
Change in 2013 Assessment
25
3
Building simulations indicate lower savings
22
7
Thermostat - Multi-Zone
19
5
Wall Insulation 2x4
Duct Sealing - Aerosol-Based
17
15
10
5
Building simulations indicate lower savings
Reduced applicability of measure. Measure
removed from multifamily in 2013 study.
Building simulations indicate lower savings
Building simulations indicate lower savings
97
30
Total
In general, the 2011 IRP estimated higher gas consumption for new construction than for 2013
study. This difference can explain most of the variation in the discrepancies. The 2011 gas
consumption values were originally developed for the 2008 potential study, which were based on
ENERGY-10 building simulations. The 2013 study used SEEM building simulations to estimate
electric consumption then convert to gas consumption (accounting for efficiency differences).
The SEEM models were developed for the 2013 study to provide a better consistency with the
RTF analytic approach, which also used SEEM modeling. The lower gas baseline consumptions
for 2013 result in lower savings potential. Other differences can be explained by the measure
assumptions used in the analysis.


Thermal Shell - Infiltration @0.2 ACH w/HRV: The 2011 study estimated savings are based
on 6th Power Plan engineering calculations deemed values resulting in 19% savings. The
2013 study savings are derived directly from SEEM modeling inputs and resulted in 9%.
Ceiling Insulation: The 2011 study estimated savings are based on 6th Power Plan
engineering calculations deemed values. The 2013 study savings are derived directly from
SEEM modeling inputs. For example, in 2011 R-0 to R-49 resulted in 56% savings while in
2013 the same measure resulted in 15% to 21% depending on end use.
5
Cadmus recognizes that the Council and RTF only model electric energy-efficiency. For consistency across fuels,
Cadmus used SEEM models for both electric and gas measures.
6
The Northwest region includes Idaho, Oregon, Washington, and Western Montana.
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Wall Insulation 2x4: The applicability (technical limitations and available penetration) for
this measure was updated for the 2013 study. The 2011 study determined 16% applicability.
This was updated to 9% for 2013 to account for additional limitations such knob and tube
wiring and access space as well as PSE’s accomplishments for the past 2 years.
Duct Sealing: The 2011 study savings are based on percent savings of 10% from ENERGY
STAR assumptions. The 2013 study savings are derived directly from SEEM modeling
inputs resulting in 5% savings. Additional applicability adjustments were made for the 2013
resulting in a reduction in potential.
Fuel Conversion
The fuel conversion analysis estimates available potential from converting electric equipment to
natural gas for two main customer types: customers in PSE’s natural gas service territory who do
not currently have natural gas service; and those who do have natural gas service, but retain
electric equipment (e.g., water heaters or appliances) that could be converted to natural gas.
Table 6 shows the available technical and achievable technical potential in 2033 for each
customer type.
Table 6. Summary of Fuel Conversion Potentials, Cumulative in 2033
Technical Potential
Achievable Technical Potential
Electric
Additional Gas
Electric
Additional Gas
Savings
Usage (million
Savings
Usage (million
Customer Type
(aMW)
therms)
(aMW)
therms)
Electric-Only
Existing Gas Customer
Total
165
75
240
7
4
11
42
15
57
3
1
4
Comparison to 2011 IRP
As with energy efficiency, this analysis largely updates the 2011 IRP. The analysis builds upon
the same updated data cited above, including: baseline data, PSE’s sales and customer forecasts,
and measure assumptions. Table 7 compares estimated technical and achievable technical
potential, as compared to the 2011 IRP. This study incorporates customers not included in the
2011 IRP, such as those in smaller homes (1,800 sq. ft.) and those a moderate distance from a
gas main. In addition, this assessment addresses additional conversion measures, including
conversion to an integrated space and water heater. Thus, this study indicates a notable increase
in technical and achievable technical potential.
Table 7. Comparison of Fuel Conversion Potential, 2011 IRP to 2013 IRP
Technical Potential
Achievable Technical
(aMW)
Potential (aMW)
Customer Type
2011 IRP 2013 IRP
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
Electric-Only
Existing Gas Customer
Total
25
34
59
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165
75
240
11
12
24
45
16
62
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Demand Response
Table 8 presents estimated winter and summer resource potentials for all demand response
resources for the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. The total market potential
available in the winter is 213 MW, equating to 4.7% of winter peak; the total market potential
available in the summer is 166 MW, which accounts for 4.1% of summer peak.
Table 8. Demand Response Market Technical Potential, MW in 2033
Sector
Winter Market
Potential (MW)
Summer Market
Potential (MW)
Percent of System
Peak – Winter*
Percent of System
Peak – Summer*
Residential
130
77
2.9%
1.9%
Commercial
78
85
1.7%
2.1%
Industrial
4
5
0.1%
0.1%
Total
213
166
4.7%
4.1%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
Comparison to 2011 IRP
This study focuses on the same program strategies as the 2011 IRP, but relies on a new
methodology for the direct load control (DLC) analysis.
In addition to updating the methodology, Cadmus updated the program assumptions, with the
new assumptions based on PSE’s experience with pilot programs over the last two years as well
as on new industry information. By sector, Table 9 compares estimated market potential during
peak periods.
Table 9. Comparison of Demand Response Achievable Technical Potential,
2011 IRP to 2013 IRP
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Winter MW
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
110
79
4
193
130
78
4
213
Summer MW
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
32
82
5
119
77
85
5
166
The two studies’ results exhibit the largest differences in the residential sector, where potentials
have increased considerably. This primarily results from an increase in overall potential achieved
through the residential DLC programs (which have been based on the pilot program PSE
implemented from 2009 through 2011). Data from this program was not available for the 2011
study.
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Distributed Generation
Though this study does not estimate distributed generation potentials, it updates costs for
individual distributed generation technologies and incorporates these in the 2013 IRP. For
detailed potentials from the 2013 IRP analysis, see Cadmus’ 2008 report.7
Comparison to the 6th Plan
This study employed methodologies consistent with the 6th Plan to estimate available energyefficiency potential (see Appendix A for a detailed comparison of methodologies). Additionally,
Cadmus conducted a thorough review of baseline and measure assumptions used by the Council,
including costs, savings, applicability, and current saturations. Although this study relied on data
specific to PSE’s service territory whenever possible, where appropriate, it incorporated Council
assumptions.
By applying PSE’s share of regional sales, by sector, to the Council’s regional potential, one can
estimate the 6th Plan’s share of potential in PSE’s service territory. However, a number of factors
must be considered in comparing that allocated potential to this study’s results:

The Council, by necessity, relied on average regional data; whereas this study utilized
primary data from PSE’s service territory. Therefore, allocating regional potential based
on sales may not account for PSE’s unique service territory characteristics (such as
customer mix, use per customer, end-use saturations, fuel shares, and current measure
saturations). Similarly, some industries included in the 6th Plan may not exist in PSE’s
service territory.

PSE and the Council relied on unique baseline energy forecasts, each of which served as
a major driver in the respective potential estimates.

Both studies assessed potential over a 20-year period; however, the 6th Plan began in
2010, while this study’s estimation of potential began in 2014.

Due to the timing of the 6th Plan’s release, not all upcoming codes and standards were
removed from the potential (most notably, new standards relating to commercial lighting
and residential water heating, as described in Section 1: General Approach and
Methodology).

The 6th Plan, completed in 2010, used data sources current at that time. In addition to
using the PSE-specific data noted above, this study used more current data, particularly
with regard to measure costs.
With these caveats in mind, Table 10 compares the 10-year achievable technical potentials this
study estimates for 2014 to 2023, as compared to the 6th Plan. The 6th Plan’s numbers derived
7
http://www.pse.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/2009IRP/AppL1_IRP09.pdf
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from applying PSE’s share of regional sales, by sector, to the 6th Plan estimates8 of regional
potential.9
Table 10. Comparison of 2013 IRP and 6th Plan Achievable
Technical Potential (aMW)
10-Year Achievable Technical Potential (2014–
2023)
Sector
2013 IRP
6th Plan
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
185
182
22
389
302
138
18
458
Details on sector-level differences follow below.
Residential Sector
As shown, the residential sector accounts for the largest differences in long-term achievable
technical potential estimates. Though differences in end-use definitions make it difficult to
compare the two studies at a detailed, end-use level, Table 11 shows distributions of 20-year
potential by major end-use group for each study. Differences in assumptions by end use include
the following:
Table 11. Comparison of 20-Year Residential Achievable
Technical Potential by End Use
End Use Group
Appliances and Water Heating
Consumer Electronics and Other Plug Loads
HVAC
Lighting
Total

10-Year Achievable Technical
Potential
PSE Share of
2013 IRP
Regional Forecast
75
124
8
73
102
130
25
11
210
337
Appliances and water heating are combined for this comparison as a large portion of
appliance potential derives from water heating savings produced by clothes washers and
dishwashers. A key difference in the modeling approaches arises from the incorporation
of new residential water heating standards in the 2013 IRP, as described in this report’s
Section 1: General Approach and Methodology. This study assumes new equipment
installed after 2014 would need to meet the new minimum efficiency requirements,
8
Bus bar savings from the 6th Plan have been adjusted to savings at the customer meter using the Council’s line
loss factors.
9
Report 6th Plan potentials by sector and end use have been based on summarization of measure-specific Council
workbooks, available at: http://www.nwcouncil.org/energy/powerplan/6/supplycurves/default.htm
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reducing the potential for high-efficiency water heating equipment. Additionally,
substantial differences occur in the assumed percentage of water heaters using electricity
(42% in PSE’s service territory versus 64% for the region).

Consumer electronics and other plug loads contain a variety of end uses, including
televisions, computers, and other household electronics. Additionally, the 6th Plan
includes commercial computers and monitors as part of the residential potential, while
Cadmus’ study only includes units in residences. Cadmus includes commercial computer
and monitor savings in commercial sector potential.HVAC encompasses heating,
cooling, and ventilation savings, which have been combined due to differences in model
structures. These differences largely arose from: assumed saturations of central cooling
(11% in PSE’s service territory versus 53% for the region); and the share of electric
heating (17% for PSE’s service territory versus 35% for the region).

Lighting savings in the 2013 IRP assume the availability of a technology meeting the
minimum requirements of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA),
and that savings from CFL installations will remain available. After accounting for
PSE’s program activity, Cadmus estimated that 33% of sockets have CFLs, compared to
the regional average of 10% assumed in the 6th Plan.
Commercial Sector
Although this study estimates higher two-, 10-, and 20-year achievable technical potential in the
commercial sector than the 6th Plan, this difference largely arises as a function of differing ramp
rates. Higher potential in this study’s early years result from the 10-year acceleration of all
discretionary potential.
Industrial Sector
As the two assessments rely on the same measure assumptions, differences in potential are
driven by the mix of industries in PSE’s service territory. For example, in the Northwest region
on the whole, pulp and paper industries account for the largest portion of baseline sales and
achievable technical potential (roughly 30% and 40%, respectively). However, in PSE’s service
territory, these facilities account for less than 1% of baseline consumption. Additionally, PSE
forecasts industrial sales lower than its allocated share of the regional forecast.
Incorporation of DSR into PSE’s IRP
The achievable technical potentials shown above have been grouped by the levelized cost of
conserved energy for inclusion in PSE’s IRP model. These levelized costs have been calculated
over a 20-year program life; Section 1: General Approach and Methodology, provides additional
detail on the levelized cost methodology. Bundling resources into a number of distinct cost
groups allows the model to select the optimal amount of annual DSR, based on expected load
growth, energy prices, and other factors.
Cadmus spread the annual savings estimates over 8,760 hour load shapes to produce hourly DSR
bundles. In addition, Cadmus assumed savings are gradually acquired over the year, as opposed
to instantly on January 1st. PSE provided to Cadmus intra-year DSR acquisition schedules, which
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Cadmus used to “ramp” hourly savings across months. See “About Hourly DSR Estimates” in
“Chapter 1:General Approach and Methodology” for additional detail.
Figure 1 shows the annual cumulative combined potential for energy efficiency, fuel conversion,
and distributed generation by each cost bundle considered in PSE’s 2013 IRP. Figure 2 shows
electric achievable potential by resource type.
Figure 3 shows annual DSR bundles for natural gas energy efficiency.
Figure 1. Annual Electric DSR Bundles by Cost Groupa
600
Cumulative aMW
500
400
300
200
100
0
IRP Levelized
Cost Bundles
($/MWH)
aIncludes
A. Up to $28
A1. $28 to $55
B. $55 to $70
B1. $70 to $85
C. $85 to $115
D. $115 to $130
E. $130 to $150
F. $150 to $170
G. $170 to $190
H. Over $190
energy efficiency, fuel conversion, and distributed generation
Figure 2. Electric Achievable Potential by Resource Type
700
Cumulative aMW
600
500
400
300
200
100
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
Energy Efficiency
Fuel Conversion
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Figure 3. Annual Natural Gas DSR Bundles by Cost Group
Cumulative Million Therms
250
200
150
100
50
0
A. Up to $0.22
IRP
Levelized
B1. $0.55 to $0.70
Cost Bundles
E. $1.20 to $1.50
($/Therm)
A1. $0.22 to $0.30
A2. $0.30 to $0.45
B. $0.45 to $0.55
C. $0.70 to $0.85
C1. $0.85 to $0.95
D. $0.95 to $1.20
F. $1.50 to $2.00
G. Over $2.00
In addition to the energy efficiency, fuel conversion, and distributed generation bundles shown
above, PSE includes three other resource bundles in its IRP:
1. The expected effects of codes and standards (including EISA and DOE standards). PSE
includes “standards” bundles in both gas and electric IRP models.
2. Capacity-only impacts of demand response.
3. Savings associated with distribution efficiency improvements (which fall outside the
scope of this study).
Organization of the Report
The body of this report has been organized in four sections. The first outlines the general
methodology for assessing potential used for each resource type, while the remaining three
sections present the key assumptions and results for each resource. The document’s appendices
present: additional technical information; and descriptions of data used and their sources.
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1. GENERAL APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
This report describes the technologies, data inputs, data sources, data collection processes, and
assumptions used in calculating technical and achievable technical long-term potentials.
General Approach
The demand-side resources (DSR) analyzed in this study differ with respect to technology,
availability, types of load impact, and target consumer markets. Analysis of their potentials,
therefore, requires using customized methods to address the unique characteristics of each
resource. These methods, however, spring from the same conceptual framework, and seek to
achieve estimates of two distinct types of potential: technical and achievable technical:

Technical potential assumes that all technically feasible resource opportunities may be
captured, regardless of their costs or other market barriers. Notably, the concept of
technical potentials proves less relevant to some resources, such as demand response,
since, from a strictly technical point of view, nearly all end-use loads may be subject to
interruption or displacement by on-site generation.

Achievable technical potential is defined as: the portion of technical potential that might
be assumed achievable in the course of the planning horizon, regardless of the acquisition
mechanism. (For example, savings may be acquired through utility programs, improved
codes and standards, or market transformation.)
In addition to the quantity of available potential, the timing of resource availability presents a
key consideration. For this analysis, resources split into two distinct categories:

Discretionary resources are retrofit opportunities in existing facilities that, theoretically,
remain available at any point over the course of the study period.

Lost opportunity resources are those with pre-determined availability, such as
replacements after equipment failure and opportunities in new construction.
About Levelized Costs
Identified potential is grouped by levelized cost over the 20-year study horizon, allowing Puget
Sound Energy’s (PSE) integrated resource planning (IRP) model to pick the optimal DSR
amount, given various assumptions regarding future resource requirements and costs. The 20year levelized cost calculation incorporates numerous factors, which are consistent with the
Council’s methodology and shown in Table 12.
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Table 12. Levelized Cost Components
Type
Component
Incremental Measure Cost
Costs
Incremental O&M Costa
Administrative Adder
PV of Non-energy Benefits
Present Value of T&D deferrals
Benefits
Conservation Credit
Secondary Energy Benefits
aSome measures may have a reduction in O&M costs, which is effectively treated as a benefit in
the levelized cost calculation
In addition to the upfront capital cost and annual energy savings, the levelized cost calculation
incorporates several other factors, consistent with the Council’s methodology:

Incremental Measure Cost. This study considers the costs required to sustain savings
over a 20-year horizon, including reinstallation costs for measures with useful lives less
than 20 years. If a measure’s useful life extends beyond the end of the 20-year study,
Cadmus incorporates an end effect that treats the levelized cost of that measure over its
useful life (EUL)10 as an annual reinstallation cost for the remainder of the 20-year
period.11
For example, Figure 4 shows the timing of initial and reinstallation costs for a measure
with an eight-year lifetime in context with the 20-year study. The measure’s final lifetime
in this study ends after the study horizon, so the final four years (Year 17 through Year
20) are treated differently by levelizing measure costs over its eight-year useful life and
treating these as annual reinstallation costs.
Figure 4. Illustration of Capital and Reinstallation Cost Treatment
Component
Year
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Initial Capital Cost
Re-Installation Cost


End Effect
Incremental operations and maintenance (O&M) costs or benefits. As with incremental
measure costs, O&M costs are considered annually over the 20-year horizon. The present
value is used to adjust the levelized cost upward for measures with costs above baseline
technologies and downward for measures that decrease O&M costs.
Administrative Adder. Cadmus assumed a program administrative cost equal to 20% of
incremental measure costs for electric measures across all sectors. For gas measures,
Cadmus assumed program administrative costs of 15% in the residential sector and 25%
for the commercial and industrial sectors.
10
This refers to levelizing over the measure’s useful life, equivalent to spreading incremental measure costs over its
EUL in equal payments assuming a discount rate of PSE’s weighted average cost of capital.
11
This method is applied both to measures with a useful life of greater than 20 years and those with a useful life that
extends beyond the 20th year at the time of reinstallation.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials



May 2013
Non-energy benefits are treated as a reduction in levelized costs for measures that save
resources, such as water or detergent. For example, the value of reduced water
consumption due to the installation of a low-flow showerhead reduces the levelized cost
of that measure.
The regional ten percent conservation credit, capacity benefits during PSE’s system
peak, and transmission and distribution (T&D) deferrals are similarly treated as
reductions in levelized cost for electric measures. The addition of this credit per the
Northwest Power Act12 is consistent with Council methodology, and is effectively an
adder to account for unquantified external benefits of conservation when compared to
other resources.
Secondary energy benefits are treated as a reduction in levelized costs for measures that
save energy on secondary fuels. This treatment is necessitated by Cadmus’ end-use
approach to estimating technical potential. For example, consider the cost for of R-60
ceiling insulation for a home with a gas furnace and an electric cooling system. For the
gas furnace end use, Cadmus considers energy savings that R-60 insulation produces for
electric cooling systems, conditioned on presence of a gas furnace, as a secondary benefit
that reduces the levelized cost of the measure. This adjustment impacts only the
measure’s levelized costs; the magnitude of energy savings for the R-60 measure on the
gas supply curve is not impacted by considering secondary energy benefits.
Data Sources
The full assessment of resource potential required the compilation of a large set of measurespecific technical, economic, and market data, obtained from secondary sources and through
primary research. The study’s main data sources included:
12

PSE Internal Data. These encompass historical and projected sales and customers,
hourly load profiles, and historic and projected DSR accomplishments.

Primary Data. This study relies on several data sources specific to PSE’s service territory
and customers, including: the 2010 Residential Characteristic Survey; 2008 Fuel
Conversion Survey; 2007 Puget Sound-Area Regional CFL Saturation Study; and
NEEA’s 2009 Commercial Building Stock Assessment (CBSA).

Secondary Pacific Northwest Sources. Several Northwest entities provided data critical
to this study, including: the Council, the Regional Technical Forum (RTF), and the
Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA). Information derived from these sources
included: technical information on measure savings, costs, and lives; hourly end-use load
shapes (to supplement building simulations described above); and commercial building
and energy characteristics.

Building Simulations: This study required building simulations (using the Simple
Energy Enthalpy Model [SEEM]) for the residential sector, with separate models created
for each customer segment, and construction vintage.

Additional Secondary Sources. The study relied on a number of secondary sources to
characterize measures, assess baseline conditions, and benchmark results against other
See http://www.nwcouncil.org/library/poweract/default.htm
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utilities’ experiences. These sources included: the California Energy Commission’s
Database of Energy Efficiency Resources (DEER); ENERGY STAR; the Energy
Information Administration; and various utilities’ annual and evaluation reports on
energy-efficiency and demand-response programs.
Energy Efficiency
The methodology used for estimating the technical and achievable technical energy-efficiency
potential draws upon standard industry practices, and proves consistent with the Council’s
assessments of conservation potentials for the 6th Northwest Regional Power Plan (6th Plan). The
general approach, shown in Figure 5, illustrates how baseline and efficiency data have been
combined to develop estimates of potential for use in PSE’s IRP process.
Figure 5. General Methodology for Assessment of Energy-Efficiency Potentials
Calibration
Baseline Loads
(System)
Load Shapes
Sector, Segment, End Use
Baseline Loads
(Sector, Segment, End
Use)
Technical Factors
Measure Impacts
Load Impacts, Applicability,
Feasibility
Technical Potential by
End Use/Segment/Sector
Market Constraints
Achievable Technical
Potential
Incremental Measure
Costs
IRP
Resource Supply Curves
The study considers three types of potential: naturally occurring, technical, and achievable
technical.
Naturally occurring conservation refers to reductions in energy use that occur due to normal
market forces, such as technological change, energy prices, market transformation efforts, and
improved energy codes and standards. This analysis accounted for naturally occurring
conservation in three ways:

First, the assessment accounted for gradual efficiency increases due to the retirement of
older equipment in existing buildings and the subsequent replacement with units that
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meet minimum standards at that time. For some end uses, the technical potential
associated with certain energy-efficiency measures assumed a natural adoption rate. For
example, savings associated with ENERGY STAR appliances accounted for current
trends in customer adoption.

Second, energy consumption characteristics of new construction reflected current statespecific building codes.

Third, the assessment accounted for improvements to equipment efficiency standards that
are pending and will take effect during the planning horizon. The assessment did not,
however, forecast changes to standards that have not passed; rather, it treated these at a
“frozen” efficiency level.

These impacts resulted in a change in baseline sales, from which the technical and
achievable technical potential could be estimated.
Technical potential includes all technically feasible energy-efficiency measures, regardless of
costs or market barriers. Technical potential divides into two classes: discretionary (retrofit) and
lost-opportunity (new construction and replacement of equipment on burnout).
This study’s technical potential estimations for energy-efficiency resources drew upon bestpractice research methods and standard analytic techniques in the utility industry. Such
techniques remained consistent with conceptual approaches and methodologies used by other
planning entities, such as those of the Council in developing regional energy-efficiency potential,
and remained consistent with methods used in PSE’s 2009 and 2011 Assessments.
Achievable technical potential represents the portion of technical potential that might reasonably
be achievable in the course of the 20-year planning period, given the possibility that market
barriers could impede customer adoption. At this point, it does not consider cost-effectiveness, as
identified levels of achievable technical potential principally serve as planning guidelines and to
inform the IRP process.
Developing sound utility IRPs requires knowledge of alternative resource options and reliable
information on the long-run resource potential of achievable technologies. DSM resource
potential studies principally seek to develop reasonably reliable estimates of the magnitude,
costs, and timing of resources likely available over the planning horizon’s course; they do not,
however, provide guidance as to how or by what means identified resources might be acquired.
For example, identified potential for electrical equipment or building shell measures might be
attained through utility incentives, legislative action instituting more stringent efficiency codes
and standards, or other means.
Overview
Estimating energy-efficiency potential draws on a sequential analysis of various energyefficiency measures in terms of technical feasibility (technical potential) and expected market
acceptance, considering normal barriers possibly impeding measure implementation (achievable
technical potential). The assessment utilized three primary steps:

Baseline forecasting: Determining 20-year future energy consumption by state, sector,
market segment, and end use. The study calibrated the base year, 2013, to PSE’s sector
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May 2013
load forecasts. As described above, the baseline forecasts shown in this report include
the Cadmus team’s estimated impacts of naturally occurring potential.13

Estimation of alternative forecasts of technical potential: Estimating technical potential,
based on alternative forecasts, that reflect technical impacts of specific energy-efficiency
measures.

Estimation of achievable technical potential: Achievable technical potential calculated
by applying ramp rates and an achievability percentage to the technical potential, as this
section later describes in detail.
This approach offered two advantages:

First, savings estimates would be driven by a baseline calibrated to PSE’s base year
(2013) sales. Although subsequent baseline years may differ from PSE’s load forecast,
comparisons to PSE’s sales forecast helped control for possible errors. Other approaches
may simply generate the total potential by summing estimated impacts of individual
measures, which can result in total savings estimates representing unrealistically high or
low baseline sales percentages.

Second, the approach maintained consistency among all assumptions underlying the
baseline and alternative (technical and achievable technical) forecasts. The alternative
forecasts changed relevant inputs at the end-use level to reflect impacts of energyefficiency measures. As estimated savings represented the difference between the
baseline and alternative forecasts, they could be directly attributed to specific changes
made to analysis inputs.
Developing Baseline Forecasts
As shown, the first step entails creating a baseline (no-DSR) forecast. In the residential and
commercial sectors, the analysis relies on a bottom-up forecasting approach, beginning with
annual consumption estimates by segment, end use, and equipment efficiency level. Average
base-year use per customer can then be calculated from saturations of equipment, fuel, and
efficient equipment. Comparisons to PSE’s historical use per customer validates these estimates,
and a forecast of future energy sales can then be created based on expected new construction and
equipment turnover rates.
In the industrial sector, as standard practice, PSE’s industrial forecast has been disaggregated to
end uses, based on data available from the Energy Information Administrations’ (EIA)
Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey.
To bundle potential by cost, Cadmus collected data on measure costs, savings, and market size at
the most granular level possible. Within each fuel and sector, the study distinguished between
customer segments or facility types and their respective applicable end uses. Cadmus then
conducted the analyses for the following customer segments:
13
The Cadmus team’s baseline forecast accounted for codes and standards not embedded in PSE’s load forecast.
Due to these adjustments, 2033 baseline sales presented in this report may not match PSE’s official load
forecast.
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
Six residential segments (existing and new construction for single-family, multifamily,
and manufactured homes);

Twenty commercial segments (10 building types within the existing and new
construction vintages);

Seventeen industrial segments (17 facility types, treated only as an existing construction
vintage).
Estimating Technical Potential
An important aspect of technical potential is that it assumes installation of the highest-efficiency
equipment, wherever possible.
For example, this study examines solar water heaters, heat pump water heaters, and efficient
storage water heaters in residential applications, with technical potential, assuming that, as
equipment fails or new homes are built, customers will install solar water heaters wherever
technically feasible, regardless of cost. Where applicable, heat pump water heaters are assumed
installed in homes ineligible for solar water heaters. Efficient storage water heaters are assumed
installed in home ineligible for neither solar water heaters nor heat pump water heaters. The
study treats competing non-equipment measures in the same way, assuming installation of the
highest-saving measures, where technically feasible.
In estimating technical potential, one cannot merely sum up savings from individual measure
installations, as significant interactive effects can result from installation of complementary
measures. For example, upgrading a heat pump in a home where insulation measures have
already been installed can produce fewer savings than in an uninsulated home.
Analysis of technical potential accounts for two types of interactions:

Interactions between equipment and non-equipment measures: As equipment burns
out, technical potential assumes it will be replaced with higher-efficiency equipment,
reducing average consumption across all customers. Reduced consumption causes nonequipment measures to save less than they would have, had equipment remained at a
constant average efficiency. Similarly, savings realized by replacing equipment decrease
upon installation of non-equipment measures.

Interactions between non-equipment measures: Two non-equipment measures
applying to the same end use may not affect each other’s savings. For example, installing
a low-flow showerhead does not affect savings realized from installing a faucet aerator.
Insulating hot water pipes, however, would cause water heaters to operate more
efficiently, thus reducing savings from either measure. This assessment accounts for this
interaction by “stacking” interactive measures—iteratively reducing baseline
consumption as measures are installed, thus lowering savings from subsequent measures.
While theoretically, all retrofit opportunities in existing construction (often called
“discretionary” resources) could be acquired in the study’s first year, this would skew the
potential for equipment measures, and provide an inaccurate picture of measure-level potential.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Therefore, the study assumes realizations for these opportunities in equal annual amounts, over
the 20-year planning horizon. By applying this assumption, natural equipment turnover rates, and
other adjustments, described above, the study estimates annual incremental and cumulative
potential by: state, sector, segment, construction vintage, end use, and measure.
To estimate technical potential, Cadmus developed a comprehensive list of measures for all
sectors, segments, and end uses. For the residential and commercial sectors, the study began by
reviewing of a broad range of energy-efficiency measures. These measures were then screened to
only include measures fitting the following criteria:
1. Commonly available.
2. Based on a well-understood technology.
3. Applicable to PSE’s buildings and end uses.
Industrial sector measures drew upon the Council’s 6th Plan and other general process
improvement categories.14
As shown in Table 13, the study encompasses: 290 unique electric energy-efficiency measures;
and 116 unique gas energy-efficiency measures. When expanded across segments, end uses, and
construction vintages, this results in over 6,000 measures. (Appendix B.2 provides a
comprehensive list of measures included in the analysis, with inputs and outputs provided in
Appendix B.3.)
Table 13. Energy-Efficiency Measure Counts by Fuel
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Electric Measure Counts
96 unique
740 permutations across segments
148 unique
2,838 permutations across segments
46 unique
852 permutations across segments
Gas Measure Counts
53 unique
345 permutations across segments
63 unique
1,173 permutations across segments
7 unique process improvements,
111 permutations across segments
For every measure permutation contained in the study, the following key inputs—varying by
segment and end use—were compiled:
14

Measure savings: Energy savings associated with a measure as a percentage of the total
end-use consumption. Sources include: engineering calculations, energy simulation
modeling, the RTF, the Council’s 6th Plan, and secondary sources, such as ENERGY
STAR and DEER.

Measure costs: Per-unit cost (full or incremental, depending on the application)
associated with measure installations. Sources include: the Council’s 6th Plan, the RTF,
DEER, RS Means, and merchant Websites.
Industrial improvements derive from a variety of practices and specific measures, defined in the U.S.
Department of Energy’s Industrial Assessment Centers Database: http://www.iac.rutgers.edu/database/.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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
Measure life: The measure’s expected useful life (EUL). Sources include the Council’s
6th Plan, the RTF, DEER, and demand-side management (DSM) program evaluations.

Measure applicability. A general term encompassing a number of factors, such as the
technical feasibility of installation, the measure’s current saturation, measure interactions,
competition, and projected market share. Where possible, applicability factors draw upon
PSE survey data and account for PSE’s energy-efficiency program accomplishments.
The study created an alternate sales forecasts, incorporating the effects of all technically feasible
measures, with the difference between this forecast and the baseline forecast representing the
technical potential. This method allowed for long-term estimates of technical potential by
measure, while accounting for changes in baseline conditions inherent in the baseline forecast.
Incorporation of Upcoming Codes and Standards
Electric
While Cadmus’ analysis does not attempt to predict how energy codes and standards may
change, it captures enacted legislation, even if it does not take effect for several years. The most
notable, recent efficiency regulation has been the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007
(EISA), which set new standards for general service lighting, motors, and other end-use
equipment. Capturing the effects of this legislation proved especially important, as residential
lighting has played a large role in PSE’s energy-efficiency programs over the past several years.
EISA requires general service lighting to become roughly 30% more efficient than current
incandescent technology, with standards phased in by wattage from 2012 to 2014. In addition to
the 2012 phase-in, EISA contains a backstop provision that requires still higher-efficacy
technologies, beginning in 2020.
While the new residential lighting standards have the largest effect on potential, this study
explicitly accounts for several other codes and standards. For the residential sector, these
include: dryer, freezer, heat pumps, and water heating standards. For the commercial sector,
these include: linear fluorescent, screw base incandescent bulbs, and water heating standards.
Error! Reference source not found. provides a comprehensive list of standards Cadmus
considered in this study:
Table 14. Enacted or Pending Standards Accounted For – Electric End Uses
Equipment Type
Appliances
Clothes Washer
Clothes Washer
Baseline
MEF = 1.66
Market Baseline
MEF = 1.66
Market Baseline
Standard
RTF Market
Standard 2016
Clothes Washer MEF 2.29 and
WF 4.5**
RTF Market
Standard 2018
Clothes Washer MEF 2.36 and
WF 4.1**
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Sector
Year
Effective*
Residential
2016
Residential
2018
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Equipment Type
Commercial Refrigeration
Equipment - (Semivertical and
Vertical Cases)
Cooking Oven
Dehumidifier
Dishwasher
Dryer
Freezer
Refrigerator
Vending Machines
Motors
Small Electric Motors
Water Heaters
Water Heater > 55 gallons
Water Heater ≤ 55 gallons
HVAC
Heat Pump - Air Source
Lighting
Lighting General Service
May 2013
Standard
Commercial
Refrigeration
Equipment 2010
(Varies by
equipment class)
National
Appliance Energy
Conservation Act
1990
Federal Standard
2007
Dehumidifier
RTF Market
Baseline 2010
Dishwasher - 313
kWh/yr and 4.76
gal/cycle**
Federal Standard
1994 Dryer - EF
3.01
Federal Standard
2001 Freezer
Refrigerator Federal Standard
2001
Existing
Conditions (No
federal standard
prior to 2012)
Commercial
Refrigeration
Equipment 2012
(Varies by
equipment class)
Range and Oven
Standards 2012
Commercial
2012
Residential
2012
Federal Standard
2012
Dehumidifier
RTF Market
Standard 2013
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle**
Federal Standard
2015 Dryer - CEF
3.73
Federal Standard
2014 Freezer
Refrigerator Federal Standard
2014
Vending
Machines Federal Standard
2012
Residential
2013*
Commercial/Residential
2014*
Residential
2015
Commercial/Residential
2015*
Commercial/Residential
2015
Commercial
2012
NEMA Standards
Publication MG11987
Small Electric
Motor Standard
2015
Commercial/Industrial
2015
Federal Standard
2004 Storage
Water Heater EF 0.871
Federal Standard
2004 Storage
Water Heater EF 0.917
Federal Standard
2015 Heat Pump
Water Heater EF 1.973
Federal Standard
2015 Storage
Water Heater EF 0.948
Commercial/Residential
2015
Commercial/Residential
2015
Federal Standard
2006 Heat Pump
- SEER 13 and
HSPF 7.7 (Split
System)
Federal Standard
2015 Heat Pump
- SEER 14 and
HSPF 8.2 (Split
System)
Residential
2015
Fluorescent
Linear Tube
Commercial/Industrial
2012
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Sector
Year
Effective*
Baseline
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Equipment Type
Fluorescent Lamp – EISA
Lighting General Service Lamp EISA
Lighting General Service Lamp EISA Backstop Provision
Lighting Specialty Lamp - EISA
Incandescent Reflector Lamps
May 2013
Year
Effective*
Baseline
Standard
Sector
Linear Tube
Standards 1995
Existing
Conditions (No
federal standard
prior to EISA
2007)
Existing
Conditions (No
federal standard
prior to EISA
2007)
IRL Standards
1995
Fluorescent Lamp
Standards 2012
EISA of 2007
(Phased in over 3
years)
Commercial/Industrial/Residential
2012, 2013,
2014
EISA Backstop
Provision 2020
Commercial/Industrial/Residential
2020
EISA of 2007
Impacts 2.5 Inch
Diameter
Reflectors and
Above 2012
Residential
2013
To ensure an accurate assessment of remaining potential, Cadmus created a new forecast, netting
out the effect of future standards (shown in Error! Reference source not found. and Error!
Reference source not found.). This forecast drew upon a strict interpretation of the legislation,
assuming that affected end uses would be replaced with technologies meeting minimum federal
standards.
Figure 6. Residential Forecasts Before and After Adjusting for Standards
1,800
1,600
1,400
aMW
1,200
6% Reduction in 2033
1,000
800
600
400
200
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
With Federal Standards
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Figure 7. Commercial Forecasts Before and After Adjusting for Standards
1,600
1,400
1,200
6% Reduction in 2033
aMW
1,000
800
600
400
200
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
With Federal Standards
No Federal Standards
After accounting for enacted and pending federal standards, both commercial and residential
base case forecasts fell by 6% in 2033. Lighting standards primarily drove this lower
consumption. The preceding figures indicate a fall in 2020 consumption due to the pending EISA
backstop provision, which requires standard screw base bulbs to have a minimum efficacy of
45 lumens per watt. If savings due to standards were included in technical potential, it would
account for 22% of savings in the residential sector and 21% of savings in the commercial sector.
Error! Reference source not found. and Error! Reference source not found. break out the
impacts of federal standards on forecasted sales in each year of the study, by end use.
Figure 8. Impacts of Standards by End Use—Residential Sector
120
100
aMW
80
60
40
20
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
Dryer
Freezer
Heat Pump
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Lighting
Water Heating
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
aMW
Figure 9. Impacts of Standards by End Use—Commercial Sector
Lighting Interior Fluorescent
Lighting Interior Screw Base
Water Heat
Gas
Cadmus also captured the impact of U.S. Department of Energy rulings on minimum efficiencies
for water heaters and dryers. Overall, gas standards have a small impact on consumption.
Standards reduce 2033 residential consumption by 8 million therms (1.2%) in the residential
sector and 4 million therms (1.0%) in the commercial sector. If savings from standards were
included in technical potential, it would account for 4% of residential savings and 3% of
commercial savings in 2033.
Table 15. Enacted or Pending Standards Accounted For – Gas End Uses
Equipment Type
Water Heater > 55 gallons
Water Heater ≤ 55 gallons
Dryer
Baseline
Federal Standard 2001
Storage Water Heater EF 0.528
Federal Standard 2004
Storage Water Heater EF 0.594
Federal Standard 2011
Dryer – EF 2.67
Year
Effective*
Standard
Sector
Federal Standard 2015
Condensing Water
Heater - EF 0.743
Federal Standard 2015
Storage Water Heater EF 0.615
Federal Standard 2015
Dryer – EF 3.30
Commercial/Residential
2015
Commercial/Residential
2015
Residential
2015
Error! Reference source not found. shows the impacts of federal gas equipment standards. By
2033, 93% of savings due to standards comes out of water heating (and 7% comes out of dryers).
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Figure 10. Impacts of Federal Gas Equipment Standards
14
Million Therms
12
10
8
6
4
2
Commercial Water Heating
Residential Water Heating
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
Residential Dryers
Similar to electric. Cadmus created a gas “standards” bundle for inclusion in PSE’s IRP. This
bundle is treated as a zero-cost “must take” bundle. Inclusion of these standards reduced
technical potential, compared to the 2011 IRP—savings that were previously captured by
measures in the 2011 IRP are captured by standards in the 2013 IRP.
Naturally Occurring Conservation
Cadmus’ baseline forecast is inclusive of naturally occurring conservation, which refers to
reductions in energy use occurring due to normal market forces, such as technological change,
energy prices, market transformation efforts, and improved energy codes and standards. These
impacts resulted in a change in baseline sales from which the technical and achievable technical
potential were then estimated.
This analysis accounted for naturally occurring conservation in four ways:

The potential associated with certain energy-efficiency measures assumes a natural
adoption rate and is net of current saturation. For example, the total potential savings
associated with ENERGY STAR appliances accounts for current trends in customer
adoption. As such, the total technical potential from ENERGY STAR appliances is
reduced from the 2011 IRP and these savings are reflected in the baseline energy
forecast.

The assessment has accounted for gradual efficiency increases due to retirement of older
equipment in existing buildings, followed by replacement with units meeting or
exceeding minimum standards at the time of replacement.

The assessment has accounted for pending improvements to equipment efficiency
standards that will take effect during the planning horizon as discussed above. The
assessment does not, however, forecast changes to standards that have not been passed.
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
May 2013
New construction consumption characteristics reflect the Washington State Energy Code
(WSEC) that went into effect in 2011. All energy efficiency measures in this study meet
or exceed WSEC and where applicable, energy savings are calculated using a WSEC
baseline. For example, current building code requires R-49 ceiling insulation, so energy
savings for all ceiling insulation measures are calculated with R-49 as a baseline.
Consequently, this study does not attribute savings to ceiling insulation levels below R49 in new construction. It should be noted that building codes have the smallest impact
of the four classes of naturally occurring conservation given their applicability to new
construction only.
Achievable Technical Potential
Achievable technical potential can be defined as the portion of technical potential expected to be
reasonably achievable over the course of a planning horizon. This estimate accounts for likely
acquisition rates and market barriers to customer adoption, but does not address costeffectiveness or acquisition mechanisms (e.g., utility programs, codes and standards, market
transformation). Thus, the savings a utility can expect to acquire cost-effectively may be
substantially lower than the achievable technical potential estimate.
This study, consistent with the Council’s 6th Plan, assumes an 85% achievability factor for
electric energy efficiency. For lost opportunity measures, this number (applied directly to the
total technical potential for discretionary measures) ramps in at a rate determined by the
technology and its useful life. Given this ramp-up, less than 85% of the lost opportunity potential
will be acquired over the planning horizon, consistent with the Council’s methodology.15
Due to higher upfront equipment costs for gas resources, Cadmus assumes 75% of the technical
potential can be achieved over the planning horizon.
As previously discussed, lost opportunity measures experience inherent technical ramping, based
on new construction and equipment turnover rates. In contrast, discretionary opportunities can be
acquired at any point.
This study assumes all achievable electric and gas discretionary measures can be acquired within
10 years. (PSE considered this 10-year accelerated ramp-in for discretionary measures as a
reasonable representation of the overall energy savings acquisition rate for resource planning
analyses.) Actual market ramp rates will vary for specific measures.
Fuel Conversion
In the study’s context, “fuel conversion” refers to electric savings opportunities involving
substitution of natural gas for electricity through replacements of space heating systems, water
heating equipment, and appliances. The study considers fuel conversion only for existing single-
15
This remains consistent with the Council’s assumption that 65% of lost opportunity resources can be acquired,
as discussed in: A Retrospective Look at the Northwest Power and Conservation Council’s Conservation
Planning Assumptions, April 2007: http://www.nwcouncil.org/library/2007/2007-13.htm
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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family homes, new multifamily buildings, and existing and new commercial facilities: the
segments considered most likely and able to convert.
Cadmus’ analysis extends the energy-efficiency analysis described above, identifying applicable
equipment and customers based on the following criteria:

Customers must be within PSE’s combined service territory (that is, areas where PSE
provides both electricity and natural gas).

Customers must be existing gas customers or on a gas main.

For existing construction, customers must have a ducted system for space heating
conversion.

New natural gas equipment must meet energy-efficiency program criteria (e.g., 90%
AFUE furnace, ENERGY STAR water heater).
Once eligible populations for each equipment type could be identified, measure costs and savings
were compiled, consistent with the energy-efficiency analysis. Cadmus accounted for additional
upfront costs required due to natural gas conversion (e.g., line extensions, piping). The cost of
natural gas consumed over the life of a measure, based on forecasted avoided costs, was treated
as an O&M cost, and was included in the calculation of the cost of conserved electricity.
As with energy efficiency, the technical potential assumes all eligible pieces of equipment can be
converted to natural gas. Achievability draws upon results from PSE’s 2008 fuel conversion
survey, which asked customers about their likelihood of participating at various incentive levels.
Based on this survey, this analysis assumes that 63% of technical potential can be achieved: the
value associated with self-reported customer participation, if PSE covered the entire incremental
cost of conversion. Available potential is assumed to be acquired in equal amounts annually over
the 20-year planning horizon.
Demand Response
Scope of Analysis
Demand response programmatic options seek to achieve the following:

Help reduce peak demand during system emergencies or periods of extreme
market prices;

Promote improved system reliability; and

In some cases, balance variable-load resources (particularly wind energy).
Benefits from demand response resources accrue by providing incentives for customers to curtail
loads during utility-specified events (e.g., direct load control [DLC]), or by offering pricing
structures to induce participants to shift load away from peak periods (e.g., critical peak pricing
programs).
Cadmus’ analysis focused on program options that include residential DLC for space heat, room
heat and water heat, critical peak pricing for residential and commercial customers, and
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nonresidential load curtailment. These strategies include price- and incentive-based options for
all major customer segments and end uses within PSE’s service territory, with the list informed
by the 2011 IRP, PSE’s demand response pilot program experience, and programs offered by
other utilities.
General Approach
This study utilizes a hybrid, top-down, and bottom-up approach for estimating demand response
potentials.
The approach began by using utility system loads, disaggregated into sector, segment, and
applicable end-uses. For each program, Cadmus first assessed potential impacts at the end-use
level. End-use load impacts then could be aggregated to obtain estimates of technical potentials.
This allowed market factors, such as likely program and event participation levels, to be applied
to technical potentials to obtain estimates of market potentials. General analytic steps involved in
estimating market potential (with the exception of the residential DLC programs) follow below.
1. Define customer sectors, market segments, and applicable end-uses. In estimating the
load basis, the study first defined customer sectors, customer segments, and applicable
end uses, similar to those used in estimating energy-efficiency potentials. System loads
were disaggregated into three sectors: residential, commercial and industrial. The study
further broke each sector down by market segment (as shown in Table 16), and end use
(such as cooking, cooling, heating, heat pumps, HVAC, lighting, plug load, refrigeration,
space heat, and hot water heating).
Table 16. Customer Sectors and Segments
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Single-Family
Manufactured
Multifamily
Dry Goods Retail
Grocery
Hospital
Hotel/Motel
Office
Other
Restaurant
School
University
Warehouse
Chemical manufacturing
Electronic equipment manufacturing
Fabricated metal products
Food manufacturing
Industrial machinery
Miscellaneous manufacturing
Nonmetallic mineral products
Paper manufacturing
Petroleum refining
Plastics rubber products
Primary metal manufacturing
Printing related support
Transportation equipment manufacturing
Wastewater
Water
Wood product manufacturing
2. Compile utility-specific sector/end-use loads. Establishing reliable estimates of demand
response potentials depended on correct characterizations of sector, segment, and end-use
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loads. The study developed load profiles for each end-use, and determined contributions
to system peak of each end use, based on end-use load shapes.
3. Screen customer segments for eligibility. This step involved screening customer
segments for applicability of specific program strategies. For example, only customers
with maximum monthly demand of at least 100 kW could be considered eligible for the
nonresidential load curtailment program.
4. Estimate technical potential. Technical potential for each program was assumed to be a
function of customer eligibility in each class, affected end uses in that class, and the
expected strategy impact on targeted end uses. Analytically, technical potential (TP) for
each demand-response program option (p) was calculated as the sum of impacts at the
end-use level (e), generated in customer sector (s) by:
TPp  TPpes
es
and
TPpes  LE ps  LI pes
where,
LEps (load eligibility) represented the portion of customer sector (s) loads (MW)
applicable for program option (p), referenced as “Eligible Load” in the program
assumptions.
LIpes (load impact) was the percentage reduction in end-use load (e) for each sector (s)
resulting from the program (p), referenced as “Technical Potential as % of Load Basis” in
the program assumptions.
5. Estimate market potential. Market potential accounted for customers’ ability and
willingness to participate in capacity-focused programs, subject to their unique business
or household priorities, operating requirements, and economic (price) considerations.
Market potential estimates derived from adjusting the technical potential by two factors:
expected program participation rates (the percentage of customers likely to enroll in the
program); and expected event participation rates (the percentage of customers that will
participate in a demand response event—applicable to programs such as the residential
DLC program). Market potential for the program option (MPp) was calculated as the
product of technical potential for the customer sector (s), program participation (sign-up)
rates (PPps), and expected event participation (EPps) rates:
MPp  TPps  PPps  EPps
For each program, projected sign-up rates for all customer segments were informed by
secondary research, described in the program assumptions, as well as on PSE’s past
program experience.
6. Estimate costs and develop supply curves. The levelized cost ($/kW-year) of each
program option was calculated using estimates of program development, technology,
incentive, ongoing maintenance, administration, and communications costs.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Administrative costs for all programs were based on the assumption that a fully loaded
FTE costs $50/hour.
About Residential DLC
Residential DLC proves unique in that, unlike other demand response options, it affects specific
end uses and equipment (e.g., room heaters and water heaters). Therefore, market potential may
be quantified more directly as the product of four variables:

The number of eligible customers.

Expected per unit (kW) impacts.

Equipment saturation rate.

Expected program participation.
Derivation of Per-Unit Impacts
PSE implemented a DLC pilot program from October 2009 through September 2011. This pilot
program targeted residential customers with electric space or room heat and/or electric water
heat. DLC switches were installed on the customers’ heating systems and/or water heaters; so
these end uses could be cycled on and off during peak events. Cadmus relied on the kW impact
per-switch, as reported in PSE’s 2011 EM&V Report, to calculate the market potential for a fullscale program. As the EM&V report calculated impacts for morning, afternoon, and evening
events, Cadmus weighted these results based on the composition of the top 20 system hours
during which events would be called in a full-scale program. The general program assumptions
in Chapter 4 provide per-switch impacts.
Equipment Saturation Rates
Equipment saturation represents the percentage of customers eligible for participating in the
program (i.e., to participate in the DLC program, a customer must have an electric furnace or
electric room heat). Equipment saturation levels for each residential customer segment were
derived from PSE data and were consistent with saturations used to estimate energy-efficiency
potential.
Expected Participation
Due to the rarity of electric heating DLC programs, and the minimal data existing on
participation rates for such programs, Cadmus relied on the average participation rate for
national DLC cooling programs and on PSE’s experience.
Distributed Generation
Although this study did not estimate distributed generation potentials, Cadmus updated the costs
of the distributed generation resources, with results presented in a Section 5 summary table. For
detailed information regarding distributed generation potentials, see Cadmus’ 2008 report.16
16
http://www.pse.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/2009IRP/AppL1_IRP09.pdf
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Incorporation of Demand Side Resources into PSE’s IRP
In addition to the energy efficiency, fuel conversion, and distributed generation bundles, PSE
included three other resource bundles in its IRP:
1. The expected effects codes and standards (including EISA)
2. Capacity-only impacts of demand response, and
3. Savings associated with distribution efficiency improvements (outside the scope of this
study).
This section discusses how Cadmus developed hourly inputs for PSE’s IRP model from the
annual estimates developed for each of the energy efficiency, fuel conversion, and distributed
generation resources bundles.
About Hourly DSR Estimates
Annual energy savings are the appropriate viewpoint from the perspective of energy-efficiency
programs and Washington Initiative 937 (I-937) compliance. However, from a resource
planning perspective, the focus must shift from an annual to an hourly view of energy savings.
Simply spreading the annual demand side resources over an hourly load shape is not sufficient
for developing this hourly view; this section discusses Cadmus’ methodology for allocating
annual savings to an hourly level for the 2013 IRP.
Cadmus developed hourly DSR estimates for each resource bundle in a two-step process. First,
the annual achievable technical potential for each measure was spread over an hourly loadshape.
As an example, Figure 11 shows hourly savings for a residential lighting measure with 1 aMW
of achievable potential in the year 2014. This represents hourly savings from the I-937
compliance perspective.
Figure 11. Example - Compliance Perspective Year 2014 Hourly Savings Spread
1.6
Hourly MW Savings
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
01-01
01-15
01-29
02-12
02-26
03-12
03-26
04-09
04-23
05-07
05-21
06-04
06-18
07-02
07-16
07-30
08-13
08-27
09-10
09-24
10-08
10-22
11-05
11-19
12-03
12-17
12-31
0.0
Day of Year 2014
However, this perspective implicitly assumes that all of the 1 aMW of annual savings are
obtained in 2014 on the first hour of January 1, 2014. Realistically, this implicit assumption is
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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not attainable and overstates the actual amount of DSR available in a given hour. This
overstatement is especially large early in the year.
Consequently, PSE provided to Cadmus an intra-year schedule based on historic trends in DSR
acquisition that was used to “ramp” the achievable technical potential throughout the year. The
fraction of annual DSR available in a given month grows throughout the year until it reaches
100% in December, as shown in Figure 12.
Figure 12. Intra-Year Ramping by Sector and Fuel
Cumulative % of Annual DSR
100%
80%
60%
40%
20%
0%
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Residential (Electric)
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
C&I (Both)
Residential (Gas)
In the second step of the process, Cadmus overlays the intra-year ramping on top of the hourly
savings from the first step. A result of this overlay, the IRP model explicitly assumes that only a
small fraction of the annual savings is available in the month of January. Using the same 1 aMW
example above, the result of this overlay is shown in Figure 13.
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Figure 13. Example – Resource Planning Perspective Year 2014 Hourly Savings Spread
It should be noted that in the above example that the year 2014 energy savings after intra-year
ramping has been applied is approximately one half of the savings without intra-year ramping
because of the way in which those savings were acquired throughout the year. From a resource
planning perspective, the “missing” half the savings from measures installed in calendar year
2014 are realized in year 2015. Not shown in Figure 13 are the savings from measures installed
during calendar year 2013 that are realized in 2014; those savings are reflected in the load
forecast.
The ramped savings shape shown in Figure 13 above is applicable only for the first year that a
measure is installed. The IRP model assumes full savings beyond the first year of installation.
Figure 14 shows a stylized example of this concept, assuming that the same measure used in the
examples above has 1 aMW of annual, incremental achievable technical potential in each of the
years 2014 through 2018.
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Figure 14. Example: Intra-Year Ramping Beyond Year of Installation
6.0
5.0
Cumulative aMW
Yr. 2018 Installations
4.0
Install Year
Intra-Year Ramp
3.0
Yr. 2017 Installations
Yr. 2016 Installations
2.0
Yr. 2015 Installations
1.0
Yr. 2014 Installations
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Jan-21
Jul-20
Jan-20
Jul-19
Jan-19
Jul-18
Jan-18
Jul-17
Jan-17
Jul-16
Jan-16
Jul-15
Jan-15
Jul-14
Jan-14
0.0
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
2. ENERGY-EFFICIENCY POTENTIALS
Scope of Analysis
This assessment primarily seeks to develop accurate estimates of available energy-efficiency
potential, essential for PSE’s IRP and program planning efforts. To support these efforts,
Cadmus performed an in-depth assessment of technical potential and achievable technical
potential for electric and gas resources in the residential, commercial, and industrial sectors. This
potential then could be bundled in terms of costs of conserved energy, allowing the IRP model to
determine the optimal amount of energy-efficiency potential for selection.
The remainder of this section divides into two parts: (1) a summary of resource potentials by
fuel; and (2) detailed results by fuel and sector.
Summary of Resource Potentials—Electric
Table 17 shows 2033 forecasted baseline electric sales and potential by sector.17 As shown, study
results indicate 714 aMW of technically feasible electric energy-efficiency potential will be
available by 2033, the end of the 20-year planning horizon. This translates to an achievable
technical potential of 521 aMW. Should all this potential prove cost-effective and realizable, it
will result in a 16% reduction in 2033 forecasted retail sales.
Table 17. Electric Energy-Efficiency Potential by Sector, Cumulative in 2033
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Baseline
Sales
1,619
1,546
132
3,297
Technical Potential
Percent of
aMW
Baseline Sales
356
331
28
714
22%
21%
21%
22%
Achievable Technical Potential
Percent of
aMW
Baseline Sales
240
258
23
521
15%
17%
18%
16%
Figure 15 illustrates the relationship between identified technical potential and achievable
technical potential, and the corresponding cost of conserved electricity.18 For example,
approximately 320 aMW of achievable potential exists, at a cost of less than $120 per MWh.
17
These savings derive from forecasts of future consumption, absent any utility program activities. While
consumption forecasts account for the past savings PSE has acquired, the estimated potential is inclusive of—
not in addition to—current or forecasted program savings.
18
In calculating levelized costs of conserved energy, non-energy benefits are treated as a negative cost. This leads
to some measures having a negative cost of conserved energy, although incremental upfront costs would occur.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Figure 15. Electric DSR Supply Curves—Cumulative in 2033a
$600
$500
$/MWh
$400
$300
$200
$100
$0
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
Cumulative aMW
Technical Potential
Achievable Technical Potential
aNote:
The maximum cumulative technical potential shown in this figure is less than technical
potential reported in Table 17 because resources above $600/MWh are not shown.
Figure 16 shows the cumulative potential annually available in each sector. The study assumes
all discretionary resources will be acquired on a 10-year schedule between 2014 and 2023. The
10-year acceleration of discretionary resources will lead to the change in slope after 2023, at
which point lost opportunity resources offer the only remaining potential.
Figure 16. Electric Energy-Efficiency Acquisition Schedule by Sector
Cumulative aMW
500
400
300
200
100
Residential
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Commercial
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
Industrial
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 17 shows cumulative annual achievable electric savings by resource type (discretionary
vs. lost opportunity). Overall discretionary measures account for 56% of cumulative savings in
2033, and lost opportunity measures account for the remaining 44%.
Figure 17. Electric Cumulative Annual Achievable Technical Potential by Resource Type
600
Cumulative aMW
500
400
300
200
100
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
Discretionary
Lost Opportunity
Summary of Resource Potentials—Natural Gas
Table 18 illustrates the 2033 forecasted baseline natural gas sales and potential by sector. As
shown, study results indicate roughly 350 million therms of technically feasible energyefficiency potential by 2033, the end of the 20-year planning horizon. This translates to an
achievable technical potential of 231 million therms. Should all of this potential prove costeffective and realizable, it will amount to a 21% reduction in 2033 forecasted retail sales.
Table 18. Natural Gas Energy-Efficiency Potential by Sector, Cumulative in 2033
Sector
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Total
Baseline
Sales
674
408
26
1,108
Technical Potential
Million
Percent of
Therms
Baseline Sales
226
120
4
350
34%
29%
16%
32%
Achievable Technical Potential
Million
Percent of
Therms
Baseline Sales
147
81
3
231
22%
20%
12%
21%
Figure 18 illustrates the relationships between identified technical potential and achievable
technical potential, and the corresponding costs of conserved energy. For example, roughly
39 million therms of achievable potential will be available, at a cost of less than $1 per therm.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Figure 18. Natural Gas DSR Potential Supply Curves, Cumulative in 2033
$14
$/Therm
$12
$10
$8
$6
$4
$2
$0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
Cumulative Million Therms
Techincal Potential
Achievable Technical Potential
Figure 19 shows the cumulative potential annually available in each sector. As with electric
potential, the study assumes all achievable discretionary opportunities will be acquired over
10 years.
Figure 19. Natural Gas Energy-Efficiency Acquisition Schedule by Sector
Cumulative Million Therms
250
200
150
100
50
Residential
Commercial
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
Industrial
Figure 20 shows cumulative annual gas achievable technical potential by resource type
(discretionary vs. lost opportunity). In 2033, discretionary measures account for
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Figure 20. Gas Cumulative Annual Achievable Technical Potential by Resource Type
Cumulative Million Therms
250
200
150
100
50
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
2029
2030
2031
2032
2033
0
Discretionary
Lost Opportunity
Detailed Resource Potentials
Residential Sector—Electric
By 2033, residential customers in PSE’s service territory will likely account for almost one-half
of baseline electric retail sales.
The single-family, manufactured, and multifamily dwellings comprising this sector present a
variety of potential savings sources, including: equipment efficiency upgrades (e.g., air
conditioning, refrigerators); improvements to building shells (e.g., insulation, windows, air
sealing); and increases in lighting efficiency (e.g., CFLs and LEDs). As described in Section 1:
General Approach and Methodology, the expected impacts of new lighting standards established
through EISA have been removed from the potential presented in this section.
As shown in Figure 21, single-family homes represent 64% of the total achievable technical
residential electric potential, followed by multifamily (23%) and manufactured homes (13%).
Each home type’s proportion of baseline sales primarily drive these results, but other factors play
an important role in determining potential, such as heating fuel sources.
For example, a higher percentage of manufactured homes use electric heat than do other home
types, which increases their relative share of the potential. However, manufactured homes also
tend to be smaller than detached single-family homes, and experience lower per-customer
energy; so the same measure may save less in a manufactured home than in a single-family
home. Volume II, Appendix B.3 provides a comprehensive list of the factors impacting segmentlevel energy-efficiency potential.
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Figure 21. Residential Electric Achievable Technical Potential by Segment,
Cumulative in 2033
Multifamily
23%
Single Family
64%
Manufactured
13%
Total: 240 aMW
Heating end uses represent the largest portion (36%) of achievable technical potential. Water
heating, lighting, and appliances also represent over 10% of the total identified potential. A
considerable amount of energy-efficiency potential remains in the lighting end use, even after
EISA effects have been removed from the baseline forecast. Figure 22 shows the total achievable
technical potential by end-use group. Table 19 presents detailed potentials by end use.
Figure 22. Residential Electric Achievable Technical Potential by End Use,
Cumulative in 2033
Appliances
16%
Lighting
11%
Water Heat
23%
Heat Pump
4%
Cooling
3%
Consumer Electronics
3%
Other Plug Loads
2%
Total: 240 aMW
Heating
36%
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pool Pump
<1%
Cooking
1%
Ventilation and
Circulation
1%
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table 19. Residential Electric Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Baseline
Percent of
Percent of
Sales
Baseline
Baseline
End Use
(aMW)
aMW
Sales
aMW
Sales
Appliances
Consumer Electronics
Cooking
Cooling
Heat Pump
Heating
Lighting
Other Plug Loads
Pool Pump
Ventilation and Circulation
Water Heat
Total
213
169
31
27
39
285
85
478
5
84
203
1,619
56
15
4
10
15
105
43
5
3
5
95
26%
9%
14%
38%
37%
37%
50%
1%
58%
6%
47%
356
38
7
2
7
11
86
27
4
1
2
56
22%
18%
4%
6%
28%
27%
30%
32%
1%
27%
2%
27%
240
15%
Volume II, Appendix B.3 provides additional details regarding the savings associated with
specific measures assessed within each end use.
Figure 23 shows annual cumulative achievable technical potential by resource type for the sector.
Discretionary measures, acquired in equal increments over a 10-year period, account for 57% of
the 20-year cumulative achievable technical potential.
Figure 23. Residential Electric Annual Cumulative Achievable
Technical Potential by Resource Type
300
250
aMW
200
150
100
50
Discretionary
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
Lost Opportunity
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Residential Sector—Natural Gas
By 2033, residential customers will likely account for over 61% of PSE’s natural gas sales.
Unlike residential electricity consumption, relatively few natural gas-fired end uses exist
(primarily space heating, water heating, and appliances); however, significant energy savings
opportunities remain available. Based on the energy-efficiency measures used in this assessment,
achievable technical potential in the residential sector will likely provide about 145 million
therms over 20 years, corresponding to a 22% reduction of forecasted 2033 sales.
Single-family homes account for 99% of the identified achievable technical potential, as shown
in Figure 24. Less than 2% of total achievable technical potential occurs in multifamily and
manufactured residences due to a lack of gas connections.
Figure 24. Residential Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by Segment,
Cumulative in 2033
Single Family
99%
Multifamily
1%
Manufactured
<1%
Total: 147 Million Therms
As shown in Figure 25, space heating and water heating end uses account for over 99% of the
identified achievable technical potential, which combines high-efficiency equipment (such as
condensing furnaces and water heaters) and retrofits (such as shell measures, duct and pipe
insulation, and low-flow showerheads). Table 20 presents detailed potentials by end use.
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 25. Residential Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by End Use,
Cumulative in 2033
Water Heat
28%
Heating
71%
Cooking
1%
Appliances
<1%
Pool Heat
<1%
Total: 147 Million Therms
Table 20. Residential Natural Gas Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Baseline Sales
Percent of
Percent of
(Million
Million
Baseline
Million
Baseline
End Use
Therms)
Therms
Sales
Therms
Sales
Cooking
Dryer
Heating
Miscellaneous End Uses
Pool Heat
Water Heat
Total
13
4
429
35
3
191
674
2
0
151
0
0
73
12%
9%
35%
0%
5%
38%
226
1
0
105
0
0
41
34%
7%
5%
24%
0%
3%
21%
147
22%
Figure 26 shows residential natural gas annual cumulative achievable technical potential by
resource type. Discretionary measures, acquired in equal increments over a 10-year period,
account for 57% of the 20-year cumulative, achievable technical potential.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 26. Residential Natural Gas Annual Cumulative Achievable
Technical Potential by Resource Type
160
Cumulative Million Therms
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
Discretionary
Lost Opportunity
Commercial Sector—Electric
Based on resources included in this assessment, electric achievable technical potential in the
commercial sector will likely be 258 aMW over 20 years, a 17% reduction in forecasted 2033
commercial sales.
As shown in Figure 27, offices represent slightly over one-third of the available potential (35%).
Miscellaneous facilities also represent a large portion of available potential (17%). The
miscellaneous segment includes: customers not fitting into the other categories; and customers
with insufficient information for classification.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 27. Commercial Electric Achievable Technical Potential by Segment,
Cumulative in 2033
Dry Goods
Retail
12%
Other
17%
Grocery
8%
School
6%
Restaurant
6%
Hospital
6%
Office
35%
Total: 258 aMW
University
2%
Warehouse
5%
Hotel Motel
3%
As shown in Figure 28, lighting efficiency improvements by far represent the largest portion of
achievable technical potential in the commercial sector (40%), followed by ventilation and
circulation (13%), cooling (10%), and space heating (9%). The large lighting potential includes
bringing existing buildings to code, and exceeding code in new and existing structures. Table 21
shows distributions of baseline sales and savings across end uses.
Figure 28. Commercial Electric Achievable Technical Potential by End Use,
Cumulative in 2033
Ventilation and
Circulation
13%
Cooling
10%
Heating
9%
Refrigeration
8%
Lighting
40%
Total: 258 aMW
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Cooking
0%
Water Heat
7%
Heat Pump
6%
Office
Equipment
5%
Other Plug Load
1%
Appliances
1%
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table 21. Commercial Electric Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Baseline
Percent of
Percent of
Sales
Baseline
Baseline
End Use
(aMW)
aMW
Sales
aMW
Sales
Appliances
Cooking
Cooling
Heat Pump
Heating
Lighting
Office Equipment
Other Plug Load
Refrigeration
Ventilation and Circulation
Water Heat
Total
7
17
140
58
79
681
104
81
77
219
81
1,546
2
1
31
19
28
131
17
3
24
38
37
24%
5%
22%
33%
35%
19%
17%
4%
31%
17%
46%
331
1
1
26
15
23
102
14
3
21
32
19
21%
21%
4%
19%
26%
29%
15%
14%
4%
27%
15%
24%
258
17%
Figure 29 shows commercial electric annual cumulative achievable technical potential by
resource type. Discretionary measures, acquired in equal increments over a 10-year period,
account for 50% of the 20-year cumulative achievable technical potential.
Figure 29. Commercial Electric Annual Cumulative Achievable
Technical Potential by Resource Type
300
Cumulative aMW
250
200
150
100
50
Discretionary
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
Lost Opportunity
48
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Commercial Sector—Natural Gas
Based on resources included in this assessment, natural gas achievable technical potential in the
commercial sector will likely be 81 million therms over 20 years, a 20% reduction in forecasted
2033 commercial sales. Achievable technical natural gas potential in the commercial sector
represents about one-third of the total identified potential across all sectors. As shown in
Figure 30, for electric customers, office buildings represent the largest portion of potential
(24%). Significant amounts of achievable technical potential exist in miscellaneous facilities
(17%) and education buildings (17%).
Figure 30. Commercial Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by Segment,
Cumulative in 2033
University
9%
School
8%
Restaurant
6%
Warehouse
5%
Dry Goods Retail
11%
Grocery
3%
Miscellaneous
17%
Hospital
14%
Total: 81 Million Therms
Office
24%
Hotel Motel
3%
As in the residential sector, far fewer gas-fired end uses exist than electric end uses. Space
heating accounts for 67% of the identified potential, with the remaining potential mostly in water
heating (28%), with small amounts in cooking and pool heating (as shown in Figure 31 and
detailed in Table 22).
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 31. Commercial Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by End Use,
Cumulative in 2033
Water Heat
28%
Cooking
3%
Heating
67%
Pool Heat
2%
Total: 81 Million Therms
Table 22. Commercial Natural Gas Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Million
Percent of
Million
Percent of
Baseline Sales Therm
Baseline
Therm
Baseline
End Use (Million Therms)
s
Sales
s
Sales
Cooking
Heating
Pool Heat
Water Heat
Total
57
251
15
81
404
4
75
2
37
119
7%
30%
15%
46%
29%
2
54
2
22
81
4%
22%
10%
28%
20%
Figure 32 shows commercial natural gas annual cumulative achievable technical potential by
resource type. Discretionary measures, acquired in equal increments across a 10-year period,
account for 65% of 20-year cumulative achievable technical potential.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 32. Commercial Natural Gas Annual Cumulative Achievable
Technical Potential by Resource Type
90
Cumulative Million Therms
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Discretionary
Lost Opportunity
Industrial Sector—Electric
The study estimates technical and achievable technical energy-efficiency potential for major end
uses within 17 major industrial sectors. (Volume II, Appendix B.1. provides a list of these
industries, along with baseline information.) Across all industries, achievable technical potential
totals approximately 23 aMW over the 20-year planning horizon, corresponding to an 18%
reduction of forecasted 2033 industrial consumption.
Figure 33 shows 20-year industrial achievable technical potential by segment.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 33. Industrial Sector Electric Achievable Technical Potential by Segment
Wastewater
12%
Miscellaneous
Mfg
7%
Food Mfg
4%
Wood Product
Mfg
3%
Computer
Electronic Mfg
3%
Water
59%
Industrial
Other Segments Machinery
9%
3%
Total: 23 aMW
Note: “Other Segments” include: Printing Related Support, Transportation Equipment Mfg, Fabricated
Metal Products, Paper Mfg, Nonmetallic Mineral Products, Electrical Equipment Mfg, Plastics and
Rubber Products, Chemical Mfg, Petroleum Coal Products, and Primary Metal Mfg.
As shown in Figure 34, the majority of electric achievable technical potentials in the industrial
sector (51%) result from pumps. Process improvement measures (15%) and fans (13%) also
comprise significant portions of available technical potential. A small amount of additional
potential exists for lighting and other facility improvements. Table 23 presents detailed potentials
by end use. All industrial measures should be considered discretionary, with savings acquired
over a 10-year time frame.
Figure 34. Industrial Electric Achievable Technical Potential by End Use,
Cumulative in 2033
Process
Aircomp
13%
Fans
13%
Motors Other
9%
Lighting
8%
HVAC
4%
Process Heat
1%
Process Refrig
1%
Total: 23 aMW
Pumps
51%
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Process Electro
Chemical
<1%
Process Other
<1%
52
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table 23. Industrial Electric Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Baseline
Percent of
Percent of
Sales
Baseline
Baseline
End Use
(aMW)
aMW
Sales
aMW
Sales
Fans
HVAC
Indirect Boiler
Lighting
Motors
Other
Process
Pumps
Total
9
12
1
9
18
12
28
42
132
3
1
0
2
2
0
4
14
36%
9%
0%
22%
14%
0%
16%
33%
28
3
1
0
2
2
0
4
12
21%
31%
8%
0%
19%
12%
0%
14%
28%
23
18%
Industrial Sector—Natural Gas
As electricity powers most industrial processes and end uses, the industrial sector represents a
small portion of natural gas baseline sales and potential.
Across all industries, achievable technical potential totals approximately 3 million therms over
20 years. Although this represents 12% of forecasted 2033 industrial sales, it accounts for only
2% of the achievable technical potential across the three sectors. As shown in Figure 35,
substantial achievable technical potential occurs in: miscellaneous manufacturing (25%),
machinery (12%), metals (11%), and paper (11%).
Figure 35. Industrial Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by Segment,
Cumulative in 2033
Other Segments
17%
Industrial
Machinery
12%
Printing Related
Support
11%
Fabricated Metal
Products
11%
Miscellaneous Mfg
25%
Nonmetallic
Mineral Products
7%
Total: 3.1 Million Therms
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Food Mfg
8%
Transportation
Equipment Mfg
9%
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Note: “Other Segments” include: Computer Electronic Mfg, Wood Product Mfg, Electrical Equipment Mfg, Plastics
Rubber Products, Chemical Mfg, Primary Metal Mfg, Paper Mfg, Petroleum Coal Products, and Water/Wastewater.
Two-thirds of achievable technical potential derive from process improvements. As shown in
Figure 36 and detailed in Table 24, the remaining potentials occur in HVAC and boiler
improvements. All industrial measures should be considered discretionary, with savings acquired
over a 10-year time frame.
Figure 36. Industrial Natural Gas Achievable Technical Potential by End Use
HVAC
29%
Indirect Boiler
4%
Process
67%
Total: 3.1 Million Therms
Table 24. Industrial Natural Gas Potential by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Achievable Technical
Technical Potential
Potential
Baseline Sales Million
Percent of
Million
Percent of
End Use
(Million Therm
Baseline
Therms Baseline Sales
Therms)
s
Sales
HVAC
Indirect Boiler
Other
Process
Total
7.3
7.2
0.4
11.0
25.9
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
1.2
0.1
0.0
2.8
4.1
16%
2%
0%
25%
16%
0.9
0.1
0.0
2.1
3.1
12%
2%
0%
19%
12%
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
3. FUEL CONVERSION POTENTIALS
Scope of Analysis
In this study’s context, fuel conversion refers to electricity-saving opportunities involving
substitution of natural gas for electricity through replacement of space heating systems, water
heating equipment, and appliances.
Where PSE provides both gas and electric service, the study examines fuel conversion potentials
for: existing residential single-family homes; existing and new commercial buildings; and new
multifamily structures. Analysis includes three end uses for single-family and multifamily
homes: space heating, water heating, and appliances (clothes dryers and cooking ranges). For
new multifamily homes, Cadmus’ analysis includes the potential from converting electric
baseboard heating to natural gas furnaces. For commercial buildings, analysis only examines
space and water heating end uses.
Summary of Resource Potentials
The study calculates fuel conversion technical potentials by assuming conversion of all
applicable customers and end uses.
As part of the 2009 IRP, Cadmus conducted a survey of residential customers to aid in
determining customers’ willingness to switch from an electric heating system to a gas heating
system. Based on this survey, approximately 63% of respondents indicated they would be likely
or highly likely to convert from electric to gas space heating if the utility paid 100% of the cost.
As such, the achievable technical potential would be assumed to represent 63% of the technical
potential. In the absence of comparable primary data, analysis used the same percentage for the
commercial sector.
Based on survey results and on previous PSE experiences, of the new residential-sector gas
customers converting a space heater, 70% would also convert a water heater, and 5% would
convert a range and/or dryer. For existing gas customers, all would convert a water heater, and
5% would convert a range and/or dryer. The analysis assumes similar percentages for water
heating conversions in the commercial sector.
Estimates indicate 240 aMW cumulative electric technical potential from fuel conversion by
2033. Acquisition of the indicated electricity savings will, however, result in increased gas
consumption of about 11 million therms by 2033. After adjusting for the achievability described
above, the total achievable technical electric savings potential of fuel conversion in 2033 is
estimated at just over 61 aMW. This achievable technical potential corresponds to increased gas
consumption of about 4 million therms.
Table 25 and Table 26 show, respectively, technical and achievable technical potential by
customer type and market segment.
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Table 25. Fuel Conversion Potentials by Customer Type, Cumulative in 2033
Technical Potential
Achievable Technical Potential
Electric
Additional Gas
Electric
Additional Gas
Savings
Usage (million
Savings
Usage (million
Customer Type
(aMW)
therms)
(aMW)
therms)
Electric-Only
Existing Gas Customer
Total
165
75
240
7
4
11
45
16
61
3
1
4
Table 26. Fuel Conversion Potentials by Market Segment, Cumulative in 2033
Technical Potential
Achievable Technical Potential
Electric
Additional Gas
Electric
Additional Gas
Savings
Usage (million
Savings
Usage (million
Market Segment
(aMW)
therms)
(aMW)
therms)
Single-family
Multifamily
Commercial
Total
198
2
40
240
8
<1
3
11
39
<1
22
61
2
<1
2
4
Detailed Resource Potentials
Residential Sector
The fuel conversion potential for single-family homes targets existing customers, while the
multifamily conversion targets new construction, with the new construction market size
cumulative over 20 years, as estimated from PSE’s customer forecast, and assuming a consistent
percentage of multifamily homes. The potential market size accounts for current measure
saturations. For example, some existing single-family homes already have a gas water heater; so
water heater conversion would not be considered for those customers. In addition, the potential
market size for new construction excludes the percentage of customers that have historically
included gas systems.
Measures Considered
Cadmus’ analysis of fuel conversion considers opportunities for three major end uses in
residential dwellings: central heating: water heating (including conversion to integrated space
and water heating units); and appliances (clothes dryer and oven). For space heating conversions,
the study’s treatment of multifamily homes differs slightly from that used with single-family
homes for baseboard heating systems:

For new multifamily buildings, the study examines conversion of room (or zonal) heating
systems to natural gas furnaces.

For existing single-family buildings, the study does not consider the cost of converting an
existing baseboard system to a central system, given the high cost of installing the
necessary ductwork.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Clothes dryers and cooking ranges were the only appliances considered in the study. Table 27
shows applicable measures and their assumed technical specifications. These measures serve as
the equivalent to those used for the energy-efficiency analysis, and detailed descriptions can be
found in Volume II, Appendix B.
Table 27. End Uses and Measures Assessed
End Use
Gas Measure
Space heating
95% AFUE condensing furnace
Integrated space &
water heating
Wall Heater 84% (space and zonal)
Gas Fireplace
95% AFUE integrated space & water heater
90% AFUE Boiler
Water heating
Appliances
EF = 0.67 storage water heater
EF = 0.82 tankless water heater
High-efficiency dryer
High-efficiency cooking oven
Electric Baseline
Electric furnace
Electric baseboard (new MF only)
Electric baseboard (existing SF only)
Electric baseboard (existing SF only)
Electric furnace, electric water heater, 55 gal.
Electric baseboard, electric water heater, 55 gal.
(new MF only)
Electric water heater
2015 Standard Electric dryer
2012 Standard oven
Gas Availability
In terms of service extension costs, gas availability and its implications present important
considerations in determining the potential for fuel conversion. A major factor in determining the
cost of new gas service is whether an electric-only customer is on a gas main.
For existing single-family customers, the study used data from multiple sources (including PSE’s
2010 RCS) to determine availability. Analysis also considered the size range of single-family
homes, given that larger homes would likely use more energy for space heating. Cadmus divided
the single-family homes into three size categories: 1,800 sq. ft., 2,100 sq. ft., and 2,400 sq. ft.,
with the percentage of homes in each category determined from the RCS.
PSE currently provides gas to approximately 49% of single-family homes in its electric service
area. Customers currently receiving gas service from PSE can be considered candidates only for
additional gas-using equipment, without imposing additional line extension costs. Cadmus used
the RCS to estimate the total number of gas-heated, single-family homes with electric water
heaters and other appliances. This estimate resulted in over 46,500 existing gas homes eligible
for conversion.
Of electric customers without PSE gas service, approximately one-third reside in PSE’s gas
service territory. Based on the latest data available from PSE, approximately 24% of these
customers are located on a gas main, 9% are a short distance (50 feet) from a gas main, and 18%
are a moderate distance (200 feet) from a gas main. The remaining customers are too far from a
gas main to be considered eligible for conversion.
For new electric multifamily customers, approximately 14% reside in PSE combination territory,
with one-quarter on a main, and another one-quarter near a main. Of those within the
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
combination territory, approximately 15% of customers will install baseboard heating systems
without programmatic intervention (and thus can be considered part of the conversion potential).
Conversion Costs and Savings
The study uses the total resource cost (TRC) perspective to assess conversion costs. This
assumes the installed cost of the gas measure, less the cost of an equivalent electric measure, and
includes gas line extension costs.
For electric-only customers, connecting a house to a gas main will likely require a service line
extension of $3,406. Customers a short distance (50 feet) from a gas main experience an
additional $2,000 cost, and those a moderate distance (300 feet) from a main experience an
additional $12,000 cost.
This analysis includes the cost of line extensions for the gas furnaces. However, as water heaters
may be converted without the furnace, the study includes a proportional amount for water
heating measures. An appliance end use only has an additional cost for interior piping (estimated
at $200 per piece of equipment, as determined through interviews with local HVAC contractors
on PSE’s Contract Referral Service List, conducted in 2008).
Figure 37 shows cumulative electric savings, categorized by home type and end use, and
distributed by levelized cost. Conversion savings estimates are based on the same assumed levels
of unit energy consumption (UEC) as that used in the energy-efficiency analysis, described in
Section 2: Energy Efficiency Potentials. Calculation of levelized cost includes increased gas
usage, counted as an ongoing annual O&M cost. For baseline values, the study uses electric
UECs (kWh/yr) and gas UECs (therms/year) from the baseline forecast for existing single-family
and new multifamily homes.
Figure 37. Residential Fuel Conversion Supply Curve, Cumulative in 2033
$1.20
$1.00
$/kWh
$0.80
$0.60
$0.40
$0.20
$0.00
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
aMW
Multifamily Appliances
Multifamily Heating
Multifamily Water Heating
Single Family Appliances
Single Family Heating
Single Family Water Heating
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Potential
Table 28 and Figure 38 provide the technical and achievable technical conversion potential in
2033 for the residential sector (single family and multifamily dwellings), by end use.
Table 28. Residential Fuel Conversion Potential by End Use, Cumulative aMW in 2033
Technical
Potential
End Use
Clothes Drying
Cooking
Space Heating: Baseboard
Integrated Space and Water Heating Boiler
Space Heating: Ducted
Integrated Space and Water Heating Ducted
Zonal Heating
Water Heating
Total
Achievable Technical
Potential
32
7
16
1
39
47
16
42
200
1
0
1
0
12
2
1
23
39
Figure 38. Residential Fuel Conversion Achievable Technical Potential
by End Use, Cumulative 2033
Integrated
Space and
Water
Heating
Ducted, 4%
Other End
Uses, 4%
Space
Heating:
Ducted, 31%
Clothes
Drying,
2%
Water
Heating,
59%
Total: 39 aMW
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes: Space Heating: Baseboard: 1.6%, Zonal
Heating: 1.4%, Cooking: <1%, Integrated Space and Water Heating Bolier: 0%
Commercial Sector
The fuel conversion potential for the commercial sector includes conversion of equipment in
existing buildings and new facilities.
Measures Considered
For existing facilities in the commercial sector, the measures considered include: 94% AFUE
furnaces, and high-efficiency water heaters (≥0.67 EF storage and EF=0.82 tankless). The new
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
construction segment includes the same measures, plus the additional measures provided in
Table 29.
Table 29. New Construction Additional End Uses and Measures Assessed
End Use
Space heating
Integrated space &
water heating
Gas Measure
Gas warm up heat
80% AFUE gas packaged systems
90% Thermal Efficiency Boiler
Electric Baseline
Electric furnace
Packaged rooftop unit
Packaged rooftop unit, electric water heater, 50 gal.
Packaged rooftop variable air volume w/ electrical
resistance reheat & electric water heater, 50 gal.
Gas Availability
Data from the 2008 CBSA, coupled with PSE’s nonresidential customer database, provided
market shares by territory and end use.
Of existing electric-only customers, approximately 60% are in PSE gas territory, with around
25% of those on a main line. For new customers, approximately 32% will be expected to be
within the combination service territory, 25% will be on a gas main, 9% will be a short distance
(50 feet) from a gas main, and 18% will be at a moderate distance (200 feet) from a gas main.
The remaining customers will be too far from a gas main to be considered for conversion.
By applying this percentage to PSE’s commercial new customer forecast and accounting for
saturation of furnaces, Cadmus estimates about 774 customers will be eligible over the 20-year
study to install a furnace. This number excludes customers expected to install a gas line anyway.
Additional potential exists for current gas customers without gas water heaters (approximately
7,300 customers).
Conversion Costs and Benefits
Analysis estimates conversion savings based on assumed UEC levels, consistent with those used
in the energy-efficiency analysis, described in Section 2: Energy Efficiency Potentials. Increased
gas usage, counted as an ongoing annual O&M cost, is included in the calculation of levelized
cost. For baseline values, the study uses electric UECs (kWh/yr) and gas UECs (therms/year)
from the baseline forecast.
Figure 39 shows cumulative electric savings, by end use, distributed by levelized cost. Similar to
the residential sector, the service-line connection cost applies only to existing customers for the
furnace cost. For simplicity, commercial buildings assume energy consumption as the weighted
average of all segments, based on the likelihood of equipment being used in the given facility.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure 39. Commercial Fuel Conversion Supply Curve, Cumulative in 2033
$1.40
$1.20
$/kWh
$1.00
$0.80
$0.60
$0.40
$0.20
$0.00
0
5
10
15
20
25
aMW
Commercial Heating
Commercial Water Heating
Potential
Table 30 and Figure 40 show the technical and achievable technical conversion potential in 2033
by end use. The end-use “Space Heating: Ducted” represents conversion for electric furnaces in
existing buildings, while the “Space Heating” end use represents both furnace and gas warm-up
heat conversions in new construction.
Table 30. Commercial Fuel Conversion Potential by End Use, Cumulative aMW in 2033
End Use
Technical Potential Achievable Technical Potential
Space Heating
Space Heating: Ducted
Integrated Space and Water Heating
Water Heating
Total
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1
2
35
40
0
1
1
19
22
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Figure 40. Commercial Fuel Conversion Achievable Technical Potential
by End Use, Cumulative in 2033
Space Heating: Space Heating,
2%
Ducted, 3%
Integrated
Space and
Water Heating,
6%
Water Heating,
88.7%
Total: 22 aMW
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4. DEMAND RESPONSE POTENTIALS
Scope of Analysis
Focusing on reducing a utility’s capacity needs, demand-response programs rely on flexible
loads, which may be curtailed or interrupted during system emergencies or when wholesale
market prices exceed the utility’s supply cost. These programs seek to help reduce peak demand
and promote improved system reliability. In some instances, the programs may defer investments
in delivery and generation infrastructure.
Demand-response objectives may be met through a broad range of strategies, both price-based
(such as time-varying rates or interruptible tariffs) and incentive-based (such as DLC ) strategies.
This assessment utilizes three demand response strategies:

DLC programs allow a utility to interrupt or cycle electrical equipment and appliances
remotely at a customer’s facility. This study assesses DLC program potential for two
programs in the residential sector:
o A combination program of central electric heating (including heat pumps) and
electric water heating; and
o A combination program of room heating and electric water heating.

Load Curtailment programs refer to contractual arrangements between a utility and a
third-party aggregator that works with utility customers. The third-party aggregator
typically guarantees a specific curtailment level during an event period, achieving load
reduction by working with utility customers that agree to curtail or interrupt their loads in
whole or part when requested. In most cases, customers must participate once enrolled in
the program and incentives are paid per curtailed kW. Cadmus’ analysis of these
programs assumes they target nonresidential customers with average monthly loads
greater than 100 kW. Customers may use backup generation to meet displaced loads.

Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) or extreme-day pricing refers to programs aiming to reduce
system demand by encouraging customers to reduce their loads for a limited number of
hours during the year. When such events occur, customers may curtail their usage or pay
substantially higher-than-standard retail rates. CPP programs integrate a pricing structure
similar to a time-of-use (TOU) program, though CPPs use more extreme pricing signals
during critical events. This assessment examines CPP options for both the residential and
commercial sectors.
As this study updates the 2011 IRP, the program options listed above largely have been based on
that assessment, with revisions based on PSE’s input. After Cadmus reviewed new demand
response literature including recent program evaluations on programs across the country as well
as on PSE’s pilot programs, updates were made to each program. This section details the design
specifications and assumptions underlying the analysis for each program strategy.
Summary of Resource Potentials
Table 31 presents estimated resource potentials for all demand-response strategies for the
residential, commercial, and industrial sectors during summer and winter. The greatest market
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potential occurs in the residential sector, due to the DLC programs. Notably, this analysis does
not account for program interactions and overlap; thus, the total market potential estimates may
not be fully attainable upon implementation of all program strategies.
Table 31. Demand Response Market Potential, MW in 2033
Sector
Winter Market
Potential (MW)
Summer Market
Potential (MW)
Percent of System
Peak – Winter*
Percent of System
Peak – Summer*
Residential
130
77
2.9%
1.9%
Commercial
78
85
1.7%
2.1%
Industrial
4
5
0.1%
0.1%
Total
213
166
4.7%
4.1%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
Resource Costs and Supply Curves
Resource acquisition costs fall into multiple categories, including: infrastructure, administration,
maintenance, data acquisition, hardware costs, marketing expenses, and incentives
Cadmus developed estimates for each expense category within each program using PSE’s
program data and experience, and using secondary sources, such as reports on similar programs
offered by other utilities. In developing estimates of levelized costs, the study allocates program
expenses annually over the program’s expected life cycle, and discounts by PSE’s cost of capital
(7.8%). The ratio of this value and the discounted kW reduction produces the levelized per-kW
cost for each program.
Table 32 displays per-unit ($/kW per year) costs by program for the estimated market potential
during the winter season. Estimates find the Load Curtailment program for large, nonresidential
customers to be the least-expensive option, with a levelized cost of $105/kW per year, while, due
to high technology installation costs, the residential DLC—room and water heat program proves
the most costly, with a levelized cost of $590/kW per year.
Table 32. Demand Response Market Potential and
Levelized Costs, Winter MW in 2033
Program Strategy
Residential Direct Load Control - Space and Water Heat
Residential Direct Load Control - Room and Water Heat
Residential Critical Peak Pricing
Commercial & Industrial Critical Peak Pricing
Commercial & Industrial Curtailment
Total
Achievable
Potential
(MW)
57
59
14
3
80
213
Levelized Cost
($/kW-year)
$112
$590
$390
$252
$105
Cadmus constructed supply curves from quantities of estimated market potential and per-unit
costs for each program option. Figure 41 shows the quantity of market demand-response
potential available during winter peak hours in 2033 as a function of levelized cost.
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Figure 41. Demand Response Supply Curve, Winter MW in 2033
Levelized Cost ($/kW-year)
$700
$600
DLC RH+WH
$500
$400
Res CPP
$300
Com CPP
$200
$100
Curtailment
DLC SH+WH
$-
50
100
150
200
250
Cumulative Savings (MW)
Resource Acquisition Schedule
Cadmus assumes each program will require an ample start-up period before achieving full
participation. Therefore, each program option has an associated ramp rate, as described below:19

The curtailment program is assumed to be the first to begin, reaching maximum
participation in 2017.

Residential DLC programs and the Residential CPP program will start in 2016 as twoyear pilot programs. In 2018, the programs will begin to grow to full participation by
2020. This schedule has been partially dictated by PSE’s schedule for installing advanced
metering infrastructure (AMI) in the residential sector.

The CPP programs are assumed to start as a three-year pilot 2017 to account for the time
required to create a new tariff and to place necessary infrastructure. In 2020, the
programs will begin to ramp up, growing to full deployment by 2022.
Figure 42 and Figure 43 show the acquisition schedule for achievable potential for winter and
summer impacts, respectively.
19
Once programs reach full participation, impacts continue to grow due to forecasted load growth.
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Figure 42. Demand Response Annual Achievable Technical Potential
by Strategy—Winter
Figure 43. Demand Response Annual Achievable Technical Potential
by Strategy—Summer
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Detailed Resource Potentials by Program Strategy
Residential DLC
DLC programs seek to interrupt specific end-use loads at customer facilities through utilitydirected control. When deemed necessary, the utility, through a third-party contractor, is
authorized to cycle or shut off participating appliances or equipment for a limited number of
hours on a limited number of occasions. Customers do not have to pay for the control equipment
or installation of control systems, and they typically receive incentives, paid through monthly
credits on their utility bills.
For such programs, receiver systems installed on customer equipment enable utility
communications and execution of controls. Historically, DLC programs have become mandatory
once a customer elects to participate; however, voluntary participation has become an option for
some programs with more intelligent control systems and override capabilities at the customer
facility.20
Because PSE’s system peak occurs in the winter, this assessment focuses on two DLC programs
controlling heating loads. Although residential DLC for air conditioning has been one of the
most well-established programs in the nation (utilized by PacifiCorp, MidAmerican Energy,
Alliant Energy, Florida Power and Light, Xcel Energy, and other utilities), the central and room
heating DLC programs remain a relatively new idea, with minimal data available through
secondary research.
PSE implemented a space-and-water-heating DLC pilot from 2009 through 2011. Due to the
minimal secondary data available for such programs, some summer DLC program assumptions
have been adapted to supplement PSE’s pilot data for this assessment.
Central Heating and Water Heating
Table 33 shows the market potential results by end use, per season. Although this program
primarily focuses on reducing the winter peak, water heaters will be available for control in the
summer.
Table 33. Residential DLC Central Heat and Water Heat: Technical and
Achievable Technical Potential, MW in 2033
End Use
Winter Market
Potential
Summer
Market
Potential
Percent of
System Peak –
Winter*
Percent of
System Peak –
Summer*
Central Heat
45
1.0%
0.0%
Water Heat
12
12
0.3%
0.3%
Total
57
12
1.3%
0.3%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
20
Typically, penalties are associated with non-compliance or opt-outs.
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Figure 44 shows the achievable potential for the central heat DLC program, based on an
acquisition schedule for a two-year pilot program, starting in 2016 and ramping up to full
participation in 2020.
Figure 44. Residential DLC Central Heat and Water Heat Acquisition Schedule
Utility incentives for residential DLC programs can vary greatly, from a free programmable
thermostat, to a set incentive amount per month, to a 15% discount on customers’ summer
electricity bills (which may range from $50 to $60 annually for many participants). This analysis
assumes incentives set at $32/year for central heat cycling, with an additional $8 for water
heating control. Additional costs assessed for this program include the following:

$25 of marketing; per new customer.

$7 for communications per existing customer.

A third-party vendor administrative cost.
Table 34 and Table 35 provide detailed assumptions.
Table 34. Residential DLC Central Heat and Water Heat: Program Basics
Program Concept
Customer Sectors Eligible
End Uses Eligible for Program
Customer Size Requirements, if any
Winter Load Basis
Summer Load Basis
Assumptions
Residential customers in single-family and manufactured homes
Electric central heating (including air-source heat pumps) and electric water heaters
N/A
Top 20 hours
Top 20 hours
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Table 35. Residential DLC Central Heat and Water Heat: Inputs and Sources
Inputs
Value
Annual Attrition (%)
5%
Per Customer Impacts
(kW)
1.74 central heat
0.58 water heat
5%
Annual Administrative
Costs (percent of
annual costs)
Annual Vendor
Administrative Costs
(percent of annual
costs)
Technology Cost
Sources or Assumptions
Studies found 7% (composed of 5% change-of-service and 2% removals)
from utilities, including: PacifiCorp, Xcel Energy, Eon US, Sacramento
Municipal Utility District, Florida Power and Light (removals range from 1%
to 3%). Removals are accounted for in event participation.
Based on PSE’s central and water heating pilot. Per switch impacts are
weighted by the morning and afternoon impacts.
An additional utility administrative cost is added to the vendor program
cost.
15%
Based on research of vendor bids and informal communications with
vendors. Includes maintenance, administrative labor, and dispatch
software.
Based on PSE’s Residential Demand Response Pilot Program. These
costs include labor for installation.
Marketing Cost
$280/water heat switch
$370/thermostat
$275/digital internet
gateway
$25
Incentive (annual
costs)
Central Heating $32
Water Heating $8
Communication Costs
(per Customer Per
Year)
Eligible Load (%)
$7
Technical Potential (as
a percent of gross)
Central Heating 50%
Water Heating 100%
Program Participation
(%)
Single-family and
Manufactured 20%
Multifamily 0%
100%
Assumes 0.5 hour of staff time, valued at $50/hour (fully loaded). Based on
research of vendor bids and informal communications with vendors.
Incentives range from $30 to $35 for most utilities for one piece of
equipment and $8 for additional equipment. PSE’s pilot program offered
$50 for both central and water heating.
This value accounts for annual per-customer communication of a one-way
transmission system.
Assumes all electric central heating customers and associated loads qualify
for the program.
Assumes all central heating units and heat pumps can be retrofit, and the
program employs a 50% cycling strategy. Due to the tank, water heaters
can be shut off for the entire event (100% reduction).
Assumes 20% of single-family and manufactured homes with electric
central heating will participate. Minimal data for DLC heating programs
exist; therefore, this assumption has been based on the average
participation rate for national DLC cooling programs (between 15% and
20% of all residential customers, which translates to 20% to 30% of eligible
customers). This is consistent with the 2009 FERC study estimate of 25%
program participation for DLC cooling programs.
As customers with electric central heating will include water heating, the
water heating participation rates reflect the portion of electric water heaters
in homes with electric central heating.
Event Participation
(%)
94%
Due to difficulties in reaching the multifamily segment, these customers
have been removed from the potential.
Based on utility experience with DLC cooling programs, accounting for
homeowners removing units and operational breakdowns (from 2.5% to
5.8%).
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Room Heating and Water Heating
Similar to a central heating DLC program, a room heating DLC program is a relatively new idea,
with little or no data available through secondary research. Table 36 provides market potential
results by end use, for winter and summer. As with the central heating, greater potential exists in
the winter, since all the heating load occurs at that time. The program’s summer portion only
targets the water heating load.
Table 36. Residential DLC Room Heat and Water Heat:
Achievable Technical Potential, MW in 2033
End Use
Summer
Market
Potential
Winter Market
Potential
Percent of
System Peak Winter
Percent of
System Peak Summer
Room Heat
4
0.1%
0.0%
Water Heat
55
55
1.2%
1.3%
Total
59
55
1.3%
1.3%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
Figure 45 shows the achievable potential for the central heat DLC program, based on an
acquisition schedule starting in 2016, with a two-year pilot program, ramping up to full
participation in 2020.
Figure 45. Residential DLC Room Heat and Water Heat Acquisition Schedule
70
60
aMW
50
40
30
20
10
Winter
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
-
Summer
All cost assumptions (except for technology costs) remain consistent with the central heating
program. Table 37 and
Table 38 provide detailed assumptions.
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Table 37. Residential DLC Room Heat and Water Heat: Program Basics
Program Concept
Assumptions
Customer Sectors Eligible
End Uses Eligible for Program
Customer Size Requirements, if any
Winter Load Basis
Summer Load Basis
Residential customers in single-family and manufactured homes
Electric room heating (baseboard) and electric water heaters
N/A
Top 20 hours
Top 20 hours
Table 38. Residential DLC Room Heat and Water Heat: Inputs and Sources
Inputs
Value
Annual Attrition (%)
5%
Per Customer Impacts (kW)
0.05 room heat
0.58 water heat
5%
Annual Administrative Costs (
percent of annual costs)
Annual Vendor Administrative
Costs (percent of annual costs)
Technology Cost
Marketing Cost
15%
$280/water heat switch
$280/baseboard switch
$275/digital internet gateway
$25
Incentive (annual costs)
Room Heating $32
Water Heating $8
Technical Potential (as percent
of Gross)
Room Heating 50%
Water Heating 100%
Program Participation (%)
Single-family and
Manufactured 20%
Multifamily 0% Room Heating,
20% Water Heat
Sources or Assumptions
Studies have found 7% (composed of 5 % change-of-service
and 2% removals) from utilities, including: PacifiCorp, Xcel
Energy, Eon US, Sacramento Municipal Utility District,,
Florida Power and Light (removals range from 1% to 3%).
Removals are accounted for in event participation.
Based on PSE’s central and water heating pilot. Per switch
impacts are weighted by the morning and afternoon impacts.
An additional utility administrative cost is added to the
vendor program cost.
Based on research of vendor bids and informal
communications with vendors. Includes maintenance,
administrative labor, and dispatch software.
Based on PSE’s experience during its Residential Demand
Response Pilot Program. These costs include labor for
installation. Assumes two baseboard switches per home.
Marketing costs are based on 0.5 hour of staff time, valued
at $50/hour (fully loaded).
Incentives range from $30 to $35 for most utilities for one
piece of equipment, and $8 for additional equipment. PSE’s
pilot program offered $50 for both space and water heating.
Assumes all room units can be retrofit and the program
employs a 50% cycling strategy. Due to the tank, water
heating can be shut off for the entire event (100% reduction).
Assumes 20% of customers with electric room heating will
participate. Minimal data for DLC heating programs exists;
therefore, the assumption is based on the average
participation rate for national programs for DLC AC
programs (between 15% and 20% of all residential
customers, which translates to 20% to 30% of eligible
customers).
Due to the difficulty of reaching the multifamily segment, it is
assumed that multifamily customers will only participate in
this program’s water heating portion.
All customers with electric room heating will include water
heating in the program; so participation rates have been
adjusted to account for the percentage of electric heating
customers with electric water heat.
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Inputs
Event Participation (%)
Value
May 2013
Sources or Assumptions
Based on utility experience with DLC cooling programs,
accounting for homeowners removing units and operational
breakdowns (from 2.5% to 5.8%).
94%
Nonresidential Load Curtailment
Load curtailment programs utilize contractual arrangements between the utility, a third-party
aggregator that implements the program, and utility nonresidential customers that agree to curtail
or interrupt their operations (in whole or part) for a predetermined period when requested by the
utility. In most cases, mandatory participation or liquidated damage agreements are required
once the customer enrolls in the program; however, the terms of each contract limit the number
of curtailment requests―both in total and on a daily basis.
Generally, customers are not paid for individual events, but receive compensation through a
fixed monthly amount per kW of pledged curtailable load, or through a rate discount. Typically,
contracts require customers to curtail their connected load by a set percentage (typically, from
15% to 20%) or a predetermined level (e.g., 100 kW). Such programs often involve long-term
contracts, with penalties for non-compliance, which range from simply dropping the customer
from the program to more punitive actions, such as requiring the customer to repay the utility for
the committed (but not curtailed) energy at market rates.
For this study, Cadmus assumes nonresidential customers with a monthly demand of at least
100 kW qualify for such a program. Backup generation plays a key role in potential savings
associated with the curtailment program. As these participants can turn on a backup generator
during critical peak times, customers with backup generators experience minimal burdens. In
many utility programs (excluding those in California), customers may use backup generators to
meet curtailment requirements; this assessment includes such customers.
Table 39 shows the estimated market potential by sector for winter and summer. The commercial
sector makes up the majority of the estimated potential during both seasons.
Table 39. Load Curtailment Achievable Technical Potential, MW in 2033
Sector
Winter Market
Potential
Summer
Market
Potential
Percent of
System Peak –
Winter*
Percent of
System Peak –
Summer*
Commercial
76
82
1.7%
2.0%
Industrial
4
5
0.1%
0.1%
Total
80
87
1.8%
2.1%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
Figure 46 shows the curtailment program’s achievable potential, based on an acquisition
schedule beginning in 2014, and achieving approximately 25% of participation annually, until
reaching full participation in 2017.
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Figure 46. Load Curtailment Acquisition Schedule
Typically, curtailment programs run through third-party aggregators, which charge a set $/kW
fee. This assessment considers utility administrative costs in addition to third-party aggregator
costs. Table 40 and Table 41 provide detailed assumptions, including values and sources from
which potential and levelized costs have been derived.
Table 40. Load Curtailment Program Basics
Program Concept
Customer Sectors Eligible
End Uses Eligible for Program
Customer Size Requirements, if any
Winter Load Basis
Summer Load Basis
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Assumptions
All industrial and commercial market segments
Total load of all end uses
Customers >100kW
Top 20 hours
Top 20 hours
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Table 41. Load Curtailment Inputs Consistent Across Market Segments
Inputs
Value
Sources or Assumptions
Vendor Costs
Annual Administrative Costs (%)
Technology Cost (per new participant)
Marketing Cost (per new participant)
Incentives (annual costs per participating kW)
Overhead: First Costs
Technical Potential
$80/kW
5%
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
30%
Program Participation (%)
20%
Event Participation (%)
95%
Based on third-party aggregator bid.
Administrative costs are rolled into the $/kW cost.
Included in third-party aggregator bid.
Included in third-party aggregator bid.
Included in third-party aggregator bid.
Included in third-party aggregator bid.
Customers shed between 26.9% and 34% of load for day-of and dayahead events, respectively (2010 and 2011 Statewide Aggregator
Demand Response Programs: Final Report, Christensen Associates).
Programs across the country experience participation rates from 4%
(the Mid American Curtailment Program has 4.5%) to 30% (Georgia
Power and Indiana Michigan Power Company).
Range of PJM and MidAm programs (90%–95%).
CPP
Under a CPP program, customers receive a discount on their retail rates during non-critical peak
periods in exchange for paying premium prices during critical peak events. The peak price,
however, is determined in advance, providing customers with some degree of certainty about
participation costs.
The program follows the basic rate structure of a TOU tariff, where the rate has fixed prices for
usage during different blocks of time (typically on-, off-, and mid-peak prices by season). During
CPP events, the normal peak price under a TOU rate structure is replaced with a much higher
price, generally set to reflect the utility’s avoided cost of supply during peak periods.
CPP rates only take effect for a limited number of times during the year. In times of emergency
or high market prices, the utility can invoke a critical peak event, notifying customers that rates
have become much higher than normal and encouraging customers to shed or shift load. Most
CPP programs provide advanced notice in addition to event criteria (such as a threshold for
forecasted weather temperatures) to help customers plan their operations. One attractive feature
of the CPP program is the absence of a mandatory curtailment requirement.
A CPP rate offers a benefit over a standard TOU rate in that an extreme price signal can be sent
to customers for a limited number of events. For several reasons, utilities have found typically
greater demand reductions during these events than during TOU peak periods:

Customers under CPP rates often utilize automated controls, triggered by a signal from
the utility.

The higher CPP rate serves as an incentive for customers to shift load away during the
CPP event period.

The relative rarity of CPP events may encourage short-term behavioral changes, resulting
in reduced consumption during the events.
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As the CPP rate only applies on select days, this raises a number of questions about when a
utility can call an event, for how long, and how often. The rules governing utility dispatch of
CPP events vary widely by utility and by program, with some utilities reserving the right to call
an event at any time, while others must provide notice one day before the event. This analysis
assumes approximately 10 four-hour events will be called during the summer and winter, for a
total of 40 event hours.
Table 42 shows the estimated market potential by sector for winter and summer.
Table 42. CPP Technical and Achievable Technical Potential, MW in 2033
Sector
Winter Market
Potential
Summer
Market
Potential
Percent of
System Peak –
Winter*
Percent of
System Peak –
Summer*
Residential
14
9
0.3%
0.2%
Commercial
3
3
0.1%
0.1%
Industrial
0.1
0.2
0.0%
0.0%
Total
17
13
0.4%
0.3%
*System peak is based on PSE's average load in the top 20 hours and is calculated for each season.
Residential CPP
National studies have shown that 13% to 40%21 of peak demand can be reduced for participating
customers. Cadmus’ study assumes a 15-percent reduction, based on the California pricing pilot
and PSE’s experience with the nonresidential curtailable load pilot. Five percent participation is
consistent with the 2009 FERC study, with event participation estimated at 100%.
Figure 47 shows the market potential for the residential CPP program, based on an acquisition
schedule that begins with a two-year pilot program in 2016, accounting for the time necessary to
21
Charles River Associates (CRA), Impact Evaluation of the California Statewide Pricing Pilot, March 16, 2005.
California Energy Commission (CEC), Statewide Pricing Pilot load reduction data for Zone 4 (desert and inland
climate), provided in MS Excel by Pat McAuliffe, CEC staff, via e-mail November 3, 2006.
Demand Response Research Center (DRRC), Ameren Critical Peak Pricing Pilot, Presentation by Rick Voytas,
Manager of Corporate Analysis at Ameren Services, at the Demand Response Town Hall Meeting, Berkeley,
CA, June 26, 2006.
International Energy Agency, Demand-Side Management Programme, Task XI: Time of Use Pricing and
Energy Use for Demand Management Delivery, Subtask 2: Time of Use Pricing for Demand Management
Delivery, April 2005.
Rocky Mountain Institute, Automated Demand Response System Pilot, Final Report Volume 1: Introduction
and Executive Summary, March 2006.
Summit Blue Consulting, Interim Report for the myPower Pricing Segment Evaluation, prepared for PSEG,
December 27, 2006.
University of California Energy Institute (UCEI), Dynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering and Demand Response
in Electricity Markets, S. Borenstein et al., October 2002.
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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create a new tariff and to put AMI infrastructure in place. This will likely be followed by two
years of increased participation, reaching full participation in 2020.
Figure 47. Residential CPP Acquisition Schedule
The residential CPP program has a start-up cost of $400,000, as a new rate structure will be put
in place. Additionally, the program will require installations of a smart thermostat and meter and
ongoing communication, priced at $515 and $7 per participant, respectively. Marketing costs
remain consistent with other program assumptions, and the program does not offer incentives
due to its rate-based structure. Tables 39 and 40 show detailed assumptions of values and sources
from which potential and levelized costs have been derived.
Table 43. Residential CPP Program Basics
Program Concept
Assumptions
Customer Sectors Eligible
End Uses Eligible for Program
Customer Size Requirements, if any
Winter Load Basis
Summer Load Basis
All residential customers
Total load of all end uses
N/A
Top 20 hours
Top 20 hours
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Table 44. Residential CPP Inputs and Sources
Inputs
Value
Sources or Assumptions
Annual Administrative Costs (%)
15%
Assumes administrative adder of 15%
Technology Cost (per new participant)
$515
Marketing Cost (per new participant)
$25
Smart Thermostat: $200 installation and $315 for the meter,
based on $150 for the installed cost of radio frequency devices
(CEC 2004 report) plus an additional $150 to upgrade to AMI and
$15/customer communication charge.
Marketing costs are based on one-half hour of staff time valued
at $50/hour (fully-loaded).
Incentives (annual costs per participant)
N/A
Communication Costs (per Customer Per Year)
$7
Overhead: First Costs
$400,000
Eligible Load (%)
100%
Technical Potential
15%
Program Participation (%)
5%
Event Participation (%)
100%
There are no customer incentives, but customers may have a
lower bill than they would have on a standard rate.
This value accounts for annual per-customer communication of a
one-way transmission system.
Standard program development assumption, including necessary
internal labor, research, and IT/billing system changes.
All residential customers are eligible.
An average statewide reduction of 27% was found for the
California residential pilot CPP programs implemented in the
summer (Charles River Associates, 2005) with an on-peak rate
approximately 6 times the off-peak rate. PSE’s experience with a
C&I pilot shows that winter events save about 50% less than
summer events; therefore, event participation was reduced to
15%.
Gulf Power reported 8,500 participants as of October 2006, out of
350,000 residential customers (2.4%). (Sources: Jim Thompson
presentation to PURC Energy Policy Roundtable, October 31,
2006; and FERC Form 861 data, 2005.) Gulf Power expects to
reach at least 10% penetration. (Source: Dynamic Pricing,
Advanced Metering and Demand Response in Electricity Markets,
Severin Borenstein, Michael Jaske, and Arthur Rosenfeld,
October 2002.) 2009 FERC study reports a 5% maximum
participation rate.
Event participation is captured in the average load impact.
Nonresidential CPP
To develop potential estimates for PSE’s CPP program, Cadmus relied on data from several CPP
programs currently implemented in California. These data indicate generally low participation
rates for commercial customers, ranging from 0.1% to 3.5% in California. Therefore, Cadmus
considers a 2% participation rate reasonable for PSE. Table 45 and Table 46 summarize details
for other program assumptions.
Figure 48 shows the estimated market potential for the nonresidential CPP program, based on an
acquisition schedule that begins with a three-year pilot program in 2017, accounting for the time
needed to create a new tariff and to put infrastructure in place. This will likely be followed by
two years of increased participation, reaching full participation in 2022.
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Figure 48. Nonresidential CPP Acquisition Schedule
The nonresidential CPP program also will have a start-up cost of $400,000, as a new rate
structure will be put in place. Additionally, the program will require the installation of metering
and communication equipment (priced at $500) and ongoing communication costs of $7 per
participant. Marketing costs are assumed to be $500 per new customer; the program does not
offer incentives due to its rate-based structure.
Table 45. Nonresidential CPP Program Basics
Program Concept
Customer Sectors Eligible
End Uses Eligible for Program
Customer Size Requirements, if any
Winter Load Basis
Summer Load Basis
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Assumptions
All nonresidential market segments
Total load of all end uses
Nonresidential customers with monthly load
greater than 100 kW
Top 20 hours
Top 20 hours
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Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
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Table 46. Nonresidential CPP Inputs and Sources not Varying by Sector or Segment
Inputs
Value
Sources or Assumptions
Annual Administrative Costs (%)
15%
Assumes administrative adder of 15%.
Technology Cost (per new participant)
$500
Based on PSE's estimate.
Marketing Cost (per new participant)
$500
Communication Costs (per customer per year)
$7
Incentives (annual costs per participant)
N/A
Overhead: First Costs
$400,000
Technical Potential as percent of Load Basis
5%
Program Participation (%)
2%
Event Participation (%)
100%
Assumes 10 hours of effort by staff, valued at $50/hour.
An additional hour per year is assumed for ongoing
marketing and customer support.
This value accounts for annual per-customer
communication of a one-way transmission system.
There are no customer incentives, but customers may
have a lower bill than they would have on a standard rate.
Standard program development assumption, including
necessary internal labor, research, and IT/billing system
changes.
In the 2010 CA Statewide Nonresidential CPP Evaluation,
program impacts ranged from 2.8% to 5.26% of load for
SCE, SDG&E and PG&E. In 2011, load impacts ranged
by utility: PG&E averaged 5.9%, SCE averaged 5.7% and
SDG&E averaged 5.8%.
Opt-in CPP programs typically exhibit low participation
rates. In 2005, California experienced 1.1% participation
rate across the state, which accounted for a total of 2.9%
of peak load being enrolled. Individual utility participation
ranged from 3.5% for PG&E to 0.1% for SCE. PG&E’s onpeak energy rates during High-Price Periods and
Moderate-Price Periods are five times and three times
higher, respectively, than on-peak energy rates during
non-event days. High-Price Periods and Moderate-Price
Periods are about 9.3 times and 3.3 times higher,
respectively, than on-peak rates during non-event.
Event participation is captured in the average load impact.
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5. DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
This study does not include estimations for distributed generation potentials. For detailed
information regarding distributed generation potentials, see Cadmus’ 2008 report.22
Cadmus does, however, update the costs of the distributed generation resources for this study,
thus impacting the supply curves for PSE’s 2013 IRP. Figure 49 illustrates the resulting
supply curve.
Figure 49. 20-Year Achievable Supply Curve for Distributed Generation
$700
Wind
$600
$/MWh
$500
$400
$300
Anaerobic
Digestor
$200
Mictorurbine
Hydro
Industrial
Biomass
$100
Recip Engine
Fuel Cell
Gas Turbine
$0
0
5
10
15
20
25
Cumulative aMW
30
35
40
The levelized cost of energy (LCOE) for many of the DG technologies stayed constant or
slightly decreased from the 2011 IRP to the 2013 IRP, as shown in Table 47.
22
http://www.pse.com/SiteCollectionDocuments/2009IRP/AppL1_IRP09.pdf
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Table 47. A Comparison of the Levelized Cost of Energy Results from the 2011 IRP and
2013 IRP
DG Technology
2011
IRP
LCOE
($/kWh)
2013
IRP
LCOE
($/kWh)
Anaerobic Digesters
$0.08
$0.08
Industrial Biomass
Reciprocating
Engine
Microturbine
$0.03
$0.02
$0.13
$0.12
$0.19
$0.18
Fuel Cell
$0.21
$0.12
Gas Turbine
$0.14
$0.09
Small Hydro
Hydro
$0.12
$0.11
Small Wind
Wind
$1.33
$0.63
Solar PV
PV
$0.56
$0.48
Category
CHP - Renewable
CHP - Nonrenewable
There are four technologies where the LCOE decreased substantially: fuel cells, gas turbines,
small wind, and solar PV.
For the nonrenewable CHP systems, the change in the LCOE was influenced by changes to fuel
cost assumptions, system cost assumptions and system performance assumptions. For the 2011
IRP, the average fuel costs in year one were $13.65. For the 2013 IRP, the average fuel costs in
year one were $5.88. An overview of the changes to the other assumptions is shown in Table 48.
Table 48. A Comparison of the Non-Renewable CHP Assumptions for the 2011 IRP and
the 2013 IRP
Installed Cost ($/kW)
O&M Costs
($/kW/yr)
Capacity Factor
Heat Rate
(MMBTU/MWh)
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
2011 IRP
2013 IRP*
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
2011 IRP
2013 IRP
Recip Engine
$2,300
$1,792
$79
$57
0.9
0.5
5
7.3
Micro Turbine
$2,600
$2,546
$72
$54
0.9
0.5
7.5
12.3
Fuel Cell
$5,900
$4,517
$15
$35
0.95
0.8
5.7
7.3
Gas Turbine
$1,600
$1,746
$49
$57
0.9
0.8
6.6
8.3
*The installed cost for the 2013 IRP is after the federal rebate.
The federal rebate was taken into account in the 2013 IRP, which decreased the installed cost by
10% for reciprocating engines, microturbines, and gas turbines, and by 30% for fuel cells. This
was not included in the 2011 IRP. For all CHP systems except fuel cells and gas turbines, the
LCOE remained the same or slightly decreased because updated assumptions about performance
offset the cost differences. The capacity factors decreased (i.e. the systems were not operating
for as many hours) and net heat rates increased (i.e. more fuel was used for the same electricity
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output) compared to what was used in the 2011 IRP. The net result was that the LCOE remained
relatively constant for these systems.
For the fuel cells, however, the capacity factor remained approximately the same, the net heat
rate increased, and the installed cost (after the federal rebate) decreased. As the federal rebate for
fuel cells is higher than for the other technologies, the net overall impact was that the LCOE for
the 2013 IRP decreased substantially relative to the 2011 IRP.
For gas turbines, the main driver in the decreased LCOE value was the decrease in fuel costs. On
average, gas turbines are much larger systems than the other CHP systems and are online more
hours of the year, therefore using more natural gas. As gas prices have decreased by over 50%
from the 2011 IRP to the 2013 IRP, this had a large impact on the LCOE of gas turbines.
For small wind systems, the installed cost decreased from $9.00 per Watt for a 10 kW system in
the 2011 IRP to $5.00 per Watt for a 10 kW system in the 2013 IRP. This drove down the LCOE
value.
The cost of PV has decreased over the past few years. For the 2011 IRP we assumed a cost of
$9.00 per Watt for both residential and commercial systems. For the 2013 IRP we assumed a cost
of $7.45 per Watt for residential systems and $6.67 per Watt for commercial systems. This
decrease in installed cost drove the reduction in the LCOE.
Figure 50 shows the cumulative potential available in each year of this study, by levelized cost
bundle.
Figure 50. Annual Achievable Distributed Generation Potential by Levelized Cost Bundle
40
35
aMW
30
25
20
15
10
5
Up to $0.028
$0.070 to $0.085
$0.085 to $0.115
$0.115 to $0.130
$0.170 to $0.190
Over $0.190
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
0
83
FINAL REPORT
Comprehensive
Assessment of DemandSide Resource Potentials
(2014–2033): Appendices
Volume II
May 2013
Prepared by:
Prepared for:
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
720 SW Washington Street, Suite 400
Portland, OR 97205
503.228.2992
Puget Sound Energy
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table of Contents: Volume II
Appendix A: Methodological Consistency with the 6th Northwest Power Plan
Appendix B: Technical Supplements: Energy Efficiency
B.1: Baseline Data
B.2: Measure Descriptions
B.3: Measure-Level Inputs and Potential
B.4: Detailed Potential Results
Appendix C: Technical Supplements: Fuel Conversion
Appendix D: Conditional Demand Modeling
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Appendix A. Methodological Consistency with the 6th
Northwest Power Plan
To facilitate a comparison with the 6th Power Plan, the Council prepared an overview of the
methodology used in developing the 6th Power Plan’s of conservation potential estimates.1 This
appendix compares the methodology used in PSE’s 2013 IRP to the benchmarks established by
the Council.
Italics denote descriptions of methodologies used in this study.
Technical Resource Potential Assessment
The assessment reviewed a wide array of energy-efficiency technologies and practices across all
sectors and major end uses.
The study considered measures from a variety of sources, including the 6th Plan, RTF,
ENERGY STAR, and DEER. Appendix B.2 provides descriptions of all measures analyzed.
Methodology

Technically feasibility savings = Number of applicable units * incremental
savings/applicable unit

“Applicable” units accounted for:

Fuel saturations (e.g., electric vs. gas DHW).
Whenever possible, fuel saturations were based on data specific to PSE’s service
territory. PSE’s 2010 Residential Energy Study (RES) and NEEA’s 2008
Commercial Building Stock Assessment (CBSA) served as the primary sources of
this information.

Building characteristics (e.g., single-family vs. mobile homes, basement/nonbasement).
Data derived from RES, CBSA, and PSE billing information.

System saturations (e.g., heat pump vs. zonal, central AC vs. window AC).
Whenever possible, system saturations were based on data specific to PSE’s
service territory. PSE’s 2010 RES and NEEA’s 2008 CBSA served as the primary
sources of this information.

Current measure saturations.
Current saturations were incorporated into the applicability, based on
information from the RES and CBSA, the 6th Plan, RTF, and the experience of
PSE conservation staff.
1
http://www.nwcouncil.org/energy/powerplan/6/supplycurves/I937/CouncilMethodology_outline%20_2_.pdf
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
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New and existing units.
Existing and new units were calculated based on current and forecasted
customers, respectively.

Measure life (stock turnover cycle).
Measure decay rates were applied to lost opportunity measures, based on
measure life. Discretionary measures were assumed to be reinstalled at the end of
their useful life.

Measure substitutions (e.g., duct sealing of homes with forced-air resistance furnaces
vs. conversion of homes to heat pumps with sealed ducts).
The measure share applicability factor accounted for competition between
measures to avoid double-counting.

“Incremental” savings/applicable unit accounted for:

Expected kW and kWh savings, shaped by time-of-day, day of week and month
of year.
Energy and demand savings were either based on deemed values or calculated as
a percent reduction in baseline end-use consumption. Hourly impacts were
provided to PSE’s IRP model.

Savings over baseline efficiency.

Baseline set by codes/standards or current practices.
Baselines were set based on current codes, standards, or current practices.
Standards passed but not yet implemented became the baseline at the time
mandated in the new standard.

Not always equivalent to savings over “current use” (e.g., new refrigerator
savings measured as “increment above current federal standards,” not the
refrigerator being replaced).
Savings from equipment upgrades were calculated based on the minimum
standard efficiency level available at the time of burnout.

Climate—heating, cooling degree days, and solar availability.
Savings were based on the typical climate in PSE’s service territory.

Measure interactions (e.g., lighting and HVAC, duct sealing and heat pump
performance, heat pump conversion, and weatherization savings).
These interactive effects were treated as a reduction in measure savings (e.g.,
commercial lighting measures might save less due to increased heating
requirements).
Economic Potential: Ranking Based on Resource Valuation

The total resource cost (TRC) served as the criterion for economic screening, and
included all cost and benefits of measures, regardless of the parties paying for or
receiving them.
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TRC B/C Ratio > = 1.0
Benefit-to-cost ratios were not calculated. Analysis used the levelized cost of
conserved energy, as described below.

Levelized cost of conserved energy (CCE) < levelized avoided cost for the load shape
of the savings could substitute for TRC if “CCE” was adjusted to account for “nonkWh” benefits, including deferred T&D, non-energy benefits, environmental benefits,
and the Act’s 10% conservation credit.
Levelized costs, on a TRC basis, were calculated for each measure in comparison
with the Integrated Resource Planning’s (IRP) supply-side resources. The
levelized cost calculation incorporated deferred T&D (for electric resources),
non-energy benefits, secondary fuel benefits, and the Act’s 10% conservation
credit (for electric resources).
Methodology
As valuation of energy and capacity savings was conducted in PSE’s IRP model, it was not
included as part of this study.

The energy and capacity value (i.e., benefit) of savings was based on the avoided cost of
future wholesale market purchases (forward price curves).

The energy and capacity value accounted for the shape of savings (i.e., used time and
seasonally differentiated avoided costs and measure savings).

Uncertainties in future market prices were accounted for by performing the valuation
under a wide range of future market price scenarios during the IRP process.

Costs inputs (resource cost elements):
All costs listed below were included in the per-unit measure costs, where appropriate.


Full incremental measure costs (material and labor).

Applicable ongoing O&M expenses (plus or minus).

Applicable periodic O&M expenses (plus or minus).

Utility administrative costs (e.g., program planning, marketing, delivery, ongoing
administration, evaluation).
Benefit inputs (resource value elements):
All benefits listed below were assessed in calculating the levelized cost of conserved
energy, where appropriate.

Direct energy savings.

Direct capacity savings.

Avoided T&D losses.

Deferral value of transmission and distribution system expansion (if applicable).

Non-energy benefits (e.g., water savings).
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

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Environmental externalities.
Discounted presented value inputs:

Rate = After-tax average cost of capital weighted for project participants (real or
nominal).
The analysis used PSE’s weighted average capital cost of 7.8%, nominal.

Term = Project life; generally equivalent to life of resources added during the
planning period.
Costs were levelized over each measure’s expected useful life. Any reinstallation
costs over the 20-year planning period were similarly levelized.

Money was discounted, not energy savings.
The IRP analysis used this method.
Achievable Potential

Annual acquisition targets, established through the IRP process (i.e., portfolio modeling).
The results of the potentials assessment, bundled by levelized costs of conserved
energy, were incorporated in the IRP model. Based on the value of savings, the IRP
model selected the appropriate amount of conservation.

Conservation competed against all other resource options in portfolio analysis:

Conservation resource supply curves separated into:

Discretionary (non-lost opportunity).
Defined as retrofit opportunities in existing facilities.

Lost-opportunity.
Including equipment replacements in existing facilities and all new
construction measures.

Annual achievable potential, constrained by historic “ramp rates” for
discretionary and lost-opportunity resources:

The maximum ramp-up/ramp-down rate for discretionary was 3x the prior
year for discretionary, with an upper limit of 85% over the 20-year planning
period.
Analysis assumed 85% of discretionary resources could be acquired
within a 10-year timeframe.

The ramp rate for a lost-opportunity was 15% in first year, growing to 85% by
the 12th year.
Lost opportunity ramp rates varied by measure, and were based on the
assumptions used in the 6th Plan.
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Achievable potentials could vary by the type of measure, customer sector, and
program design (e.g., measures subject to federal standards could have 100%
“achievable” potential).
While the analysis removed savings from known standards, it did not
attempt to predict which savings would be acquired from future codes
or standards.

Revised technical, economic and achievable potential, based on changes in market
conditions (e.g., revised codes or standards), program accomplishments, evaluations, and
experience.
Changes taking effect after the finalization of the 2013 IRP will be reflected in the
2015 IRP.

All programs should incorporate Measurement and Verification (M&V) plans that, at
a minimum, track administrative and measure costs and savings.

The International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocols (IPMVP)
should be used as a guide.
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Appendix B.1: Detailed Results
The following graphs show baseline electric and gas forecasts by sector and segment. The
following tables show assumptions of gas and electric equipment, fuel shares, annual per unit
energy consumption for residential end uses, and annual per square foot energy consumption for
commercial end uses.
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-1
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May 2013
Figure B.1.1. Residential Electric Baseline Forecast 2013-2033
14,000,000
12,000,000
MWh
10,000,000
8,000,000
6,000,000
4,000,000
2,000,000
2032
2033
2031
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
0
Year
Single Family
Multifamily
Manufactured
Figure B.1.2. Commercial Electric Baseline Forecast 2013-2033
14,000,000
12,000,000
MWh
10,000,000
8,000,000
6,000,000
4,000,000
2,000,000
2033
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
0
Year
Office
Other
Dry Goods Retail
Hospital
School
Grocery
Restaurant
Warehouse
Hotel Motel
University
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MWh
Figure B.1.3. Industrial Electric Baseline Forecast 2013-2033
1,400,000
1,200,000
1,000,000
800,000
600,000
400,000
200,000
0
Year
Water
Miscellaneous Mfg
Wastewater
Industrial Machinery
Food Mfg
Transportation Equipment Mfg
Fabricated Metal Products
Computer Electronic Mfg
Printing Related Support
Wood Product Mfg
Nonmetallic Mineral Products
Plastics Rubber Products
Chemical Mfg
Electrical Equipment Mfg
Paper Mfg
Primary Metal Mfg
Petroleum Coal Products
Figure B.1.4. Residential Gas Baseline Forecast
700,000
Thousand Therms
600,000
500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
0
Year
Single Family
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Multifamily
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Figure B.1.5. Commercial Gas Baseline Forecast 2013-2033
450,000
Thousand Therms
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000
0
Year
Office
Other
Dry Goods Retail
Hospital
School
Grocery
Restaurant
Warehouse
Hotel Motel
University
Thousand Therms
Figure B.1.6. Industrial Gas Baseline Forecast 2013-2033
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
15,000
10,000
5,000
0
Year
Water
Miscellaneous Mfg
Wastewater
Industrial Machinery
Food Mfg
Transportation Equipment Mfg
Fabricated Metal Products
Computer Electronic Mfg
Printing Related Support
Wood Product Mfg
Nonmetallic Mineral Products
Plastics Rubber Products
Chemical Mfg
Electrical Equipment Mfg
Paper Mfg
Primary Metal Mfg
Petroleum Coal Products
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Table B.1.1 Residential Electric Saturations, Fuel Shares, and UECs
Segment
End Use
Saturation
Electric
Fuel
Share
Weighted
Weighted
Average
Average
UEC
UEC New
Existing
Manufactured
Computer
0.90
100%
193
184
Manufactured
Cooking Oven
0.71
88%
157
157
Manufactured
Cooking Range
0.67
88%
128
128
Manufactured
Cool Central
0.28
100%
399
332
Manufactured
Cool Room
0.18
100%
146
136
Manufactured
Copier
0.00
100%
84
88
Manufactured
Dehumidifier
0.01
100%
711
685
Manufactured
Dryer
0.93
94%
727
709
Manufactured
DVD
1.46
100%
22
21
Manufactured
Freezer
0.54
100%
345
345
Manufactured
Heat Central
0.66
73%
8,204
3,669
Manufactured
Heat Pump
0.17
100%
4,128
1,955
Manufactured
Heat Room
0.05
100%
6,796
3,229
Manufactured
Home Audio System
0.92
100%
103
96
Manufactured
Lighting Exterior
2.73
100%
81
81
Manufactured
Lighting Interior Specialty
3.43
100%
13
13
Manufactured
Lighting Interior Standard
19.44
100%
22
22
Manufactured
Microwave
0.52
100%
148
148
Manufactured
Monitor
0.72
100%
56
60
Manufactured
Multifunction Device
0.98
100%
16
11
Manufactured
Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Manufactured
Plug Load Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Manufactured
Printer
0.00
100%
71
62
Manufactured
Refrigerator
1.24
100%
391
391
Manufactured
Set Top Box
1.33
100%
187
185
Manufactured
TV
1.69
100%
195
187
Manufactured
TV Bigscreen
0.56
100%
0
0
Manufactured
Ventilation And Circulation
0.66
100%
588
145
Manufactured
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
88%
3,245
2,875
Manufactured
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
88%
3,206
2,770
Multifamily
Computer
0.90
100%
193
184
Multifamily
Cooking Oven
0.80
84%
157
157
Multifamily
Cooking Range
0.76
81%
128
128
Multifamily
Cool Central
0.14
100%
267
281
Multifamily
Cool Room
0.10
100%
93
105
Multifamily
Copier
0.05
100%
84
88
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-5
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Multifamily
Dehumidifier
0.02
100%
711
685
Multifamily
Dryer
Multifamily
DVD
0.81
96%
889
867
1.25
100%
22
21
Multifamily
Freezer
0.15
100%
345
345
Multifamily
Heat Central
0.47
22%
6,607
2,303
Multifamily
Heat Pump
0.01
100%
2,900
1,208
Multifamily
Heat Room
0.63
100%
4,683
1,771
Multifamily
Home Audio System
0.80
100%
103
96
Multifamily
Lighting Exterior
2.25
100%
81
81
Multifamily
Lighting Interior Specialty
2.83
100%
9
9
Multifamily
Lighting Interior Standard
16.02
100%
20
20
Multifamily
Microwave
0.69
100%
148
148
Multifamily
Monitor
1.05
100%
56
60
Multifamily
Multifunction Device
0.89
100%
16
11
Multifamily
Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Multifamily
Plug Load Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Multifamily
Printer
0.00
100%
71
62
Multifamily
Refrigerator
1.09
100%
391
391
Multifamily
Set Top Box
1.01
100%
187
185
Multifamily
TV
1.35
100%
195
187
Multifamily
TV Bigscreen
0.58
100%
0
0
Multifamily
Ventilation And Circulation
0.47
100%
460
117
Multifamily
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
73%
1,921
1,743
Multifamily
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.91
73%
1,897
1,679
Single Family
Computer
1.21
100%
193
184
Single Family
Cooking Oven
0.98
81%
157
157
Single Family
Cooking Range
0.85
63%
128
128
Single Family
Cool Central
0.32
100%
648
569
Single Family
Cool Room
0.08
100%
237
228
Single Family
Copier
0.10
100%
84
88
Single Family
Dehumidifier
0.03
100%
711
685
Single Family
Dryer
0.98
86%
975
951
Single Family
DVD
1.65
100%
22
21
Single Family
Freezer
0.56
100%
345
345
Single Family
Heat Central
0.74
7%
14,344
4,877
Single Family
Heat Pump
0.05
100%
6,744
2,346
Single Family
Heat Room
0.07
100%
9,293
3,160
Single Family
Home Audio System
1.08
100%
103
96
Single Family
Lighting Exterior
4.95
100%
81
81
Single Family
Lighting Interior Specialty
6.21
100%
20
20
Single Family
Lighting Interior Standard
35.22
100%
24
24
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-6
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Single Family
Microwave
0.83
100%
148
148
Single Family
Monitor
1.30
100%
56
60
Single Family
Multifunction Device
1.21
100%
16
11
Single Family
Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Single Family
Plug Load Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Single Family
Pool Pump
0.03
100%
1,457
1,457
Single Family
Printer
0.00
100%
71
62
Single Family
Refrigerator
1.46
100%
391
391
Single Family
Set Top Box
1.51
100%
187
185
Single Family
TV
1.90
100%
195
187
Single Family
TV Bigscreen
0.87
100%
0
0
Single Family
Ventilation And Circulation
0.74
100%
1,073
403
Single Family
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
34%
3,356
2,980
Single Family
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.97
34%
3,315
2,871
Table B.1.2 Residential Natural Gas Saturations, Fuel Shares and UECs
End Use
Natural Weighted Weighted
Gas
Average Average
Saturation
Fuel
UEC UEC Share
Existing
New
Vintage
Segment
Existing
Manufactured
Cooking Oven
0.71
16%
23
23
Existing
Manufactured
Cooking Range
0.67
7%
27
27
Existing
Manufactured
Dryer
0.93
6%
28
27
Existing
Manufactured
0.00
100%
421
185
Existing
Manufactured
Heat Central Boiler
Heat Central
Furnace
0.88
20%
421
187
Existing
Manufactured
1.00
100%
0
0
Existing
Manufactured
0.08
7%
216
173
Existing
Manufactured
Other
Water Heat GT 55
Gal
Water Heat LE 55
Gal
0.92
7%
199
159
Existing
Multifamily
Cooking Oven
0.80
8%
23
23
Existing
Multifamily
Cooking Range
0.80
19%
27
27
Existing
Multifamily
Dryer
0.81
4%
34
33
Existing
Multifamily
0.01
100%
663
228
Existing
Multifamily
Heat Central Boiler
Heat Central
Furnace
0.57
77%
365
126
Existing
Multifamily
1.00
100%
0
0
Existing
Multifamily
0.08
27%
185
161
Existing
Multifamily
Other
Water Heat GT 55
Gal
Water Heat LE 55
Gal
0.91
27%
170
148
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-7
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
Single Family
Cooking Oven
0.98
17%
23
23
Existing
Single Family
Cooking Range
0.85
33%
27
27
Existing
Single Family
Dryer
0.98
14%
37
36
Existing
Single Family
0.02
100%
919
261
Existing
Single Family
Heat Central Boiler
Heat Central
Furnace
0.88
90%
690
197
Existing
Single Family
Other
1.00
100%
0
0
Existing
Single Family
0.03
32%
258
258
Existing
Single Family
0.08
61%
330
264
Existing
Single Family
Pool Heat
Water Heat GT 55
Gal
Water Heat LE 55
Gal
0.97
61%
303
243
Table B.1.3. Commercial Electric Saturations, Fuel Shares, and EUIs
Vintage
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Segment
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
End Use
Electric
Saturation
Fuel
Share
Weighted Weighted
Average Average
EUI EUI Existing
New
Computers
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Cooling DX
0.48
100%
1.85
0.92
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Heat Pump
0.10
100%
2.85
1.41
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
1.09
1.09
1.00
100%
4.75
0.00
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.84
0.00
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
0.23
6.10
1.00
100%
1.62
0.00
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.64
0.64
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Printers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-8
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Dry Goods
Retail
Existing
Grocery
Computers
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Grocery
Cooking
1.00
56%
2.66
2.66
Existing
Grocery
Cooling DX
0.59
100%
1.71
1.44
Existing
Grocery
Fax
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Grocery
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Grocery
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Grocery
Heat Pump
0.13
100%
4.55
1.65
Existing
Grocery
1.00
100%
1.05
1.05
Existing
Grocery
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
7.04
0.00
Existing
Grocery
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
1.01
0.00
Existing
Grocery
1.00
100%
0.16
7.43
Existing
Grocery
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
1.12
0.00
Existing
Grocery
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Grocery
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.99
0.99
Existing
Grocery
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
Grocery
Printers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Grocery
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
20.12
20.12
Existing
Grocery
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Grocery
Space Heat
0.73
11%
2.14
0.19
Existing
Grocery
1.00
100%
0.19
0.19
Existing
Grocery
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.87
100%
2.14
2.56
Existing
Grocery
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
32%
0.30
0.30
Existing
Grocery
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
32%
0.28
0.30
Existing
Hospital
Computers
1.00
100%
0.35
0.35
Existing
Hospital
Cooking
1.00
32%
0.54
0.54
Existing
Hospital
Cooling Chillers
0.23
100%
1.55
0.42
Existing
Hospital
Cooling DX
0.49
100%
1.89
0.49
Existing
Hospital
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Hospital
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
Hospital
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Hospital
Heat Pump
0.07
100%
3.62
1.54
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Existing
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Space Heat
0.78
24%
1.98
0.44
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
1.00
100%
0.07
0.07
0.88
100%
2.66
2.17
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
68%
0.28
0.28
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
68%
0.27
0.27
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-9
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Existing
Hospital
Existing
Existing
May 2013
1.00
100%
0.58
0.58
Hospital
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
4.93
0.00
Hospital
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.11
0.00
Existing
Hospital
1.00
100%
0.27
4.72
Existing
Hospital
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
1.86
0.00
Existing
Hospital
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Hospital
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
3.53
3.53
Existing
Hospital
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Hospital
Printers
1.00
100%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Hospital
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
0.44
0.44
Existing
Hospital
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.11
0.11
Existing
Hospital
Servers
1.00
100%
0.06
0.06
Existing
Hospital
Space Heat
0.87
48%
1.26
0.69
Existing
Hospital
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Hospital
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.93
100%
5.37
4.19
Existing
Hospital
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
48%
1.41
1.39
Existing
Hospital
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
48%
1.32
1.37
Existing
Hotel Motel
Computers
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
Hotel Motel
Cooking
1.00
8%
0.65
0.65
Existing
Hotel Motel
Cooling Chillers
0.27
100%
1.36
0.46
Existing
Hotel Motel
Cooling DX
0.16
100%
1.68
0.53
Existing
Hotel Motel
Fax
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Hotel Motel
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
0.27
100%
3.80
1.94
Existing
Hotel Motel
1.00
100%
0.66
0.66
Existing
Hotel Motel
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
1.06
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.04
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
1.00
100%
0.03
2.55
Existing
Hotel Motel
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
3.51
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.78
0.78
Existing
Hotel Motel
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Hotel Motel
Printers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Hotel Motel
Refrigeration
1.00
0.19
0.19
Existing
Hotel Motel
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.20
0.20
Existing
Hotel Motel
Space Heat
0.57
53%
4.02
2.56
Existing
Hotel Motel
Vending Machines
1.00
100%
0.09
0.09
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
#N/A
B.1-10
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
Hotel Motel
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.90
100%
3.25
2.02
Existing
Hotel Motel
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
39%
1.74
1.75
Existing
Hotel Motel
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
39%
1.64
1.72
Existing
Office
Computers
1.00
100%
0.63
0.63
Existing
Office
Cooling Chillers
0.23
100%
1.62
0.62
Existing
Office
Cooling DX
0.39
100%
1.53
0.54
Existing
Office
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Office
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.14
0.14
Existing
Office
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Office
Heat Pump
0.28
100%
3.00
1.30
Existing
Office
1.00
100%
0.51
0.51
Existing
Office
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
3.09
0.00
Existing
Office
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.12
0.00
Existing
Office
1.00
100%
0.03
2.74
Existing
Office
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
0.49
0.00
Existing
Office
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Office
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.38
0.38
Existing
Office
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Office
Printers
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Office
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Office
Servers
1.00
100%
0.10
0.10
Existing
Office
Space Heat
0.56
61%
3.21
0.66
Existing
Office
1.00
100%
0.09
0.09
Existing
Office
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.85
100%
1.53
1.29
Existing
Office
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
82%
0.47
0.47
Existing
Office
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
82%
0.44
0.46
Existing
Other
Computers
1.00
100%
0.16
0.16
Existing
Other
Cooking
1.00
53%
0.39
0.39
Existing
Other
Cooling Chillers
0.07
100%
1.48
0.70
Existing
Other
Cooling DX
0.29
100%
1.85
0.82
Existing
Other
Fax
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Other
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Other
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Other
Heat Pump
0.09
100%
3.02
1.38
Existing
Other
1.00
100%
1.23
1.23
Existing
Other
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
2.53
0.00
Existing
Other
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.89
0.00
Existing
Other
Lighting Interior Other
1.00
100%
0.09
3.43
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-11
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
0.76
0.00
Existing
Other
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Other
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.58
0.58
Existing
Other
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Other
Printers
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Other
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
0.12
0.12
Existing
Other
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
Other
Servers
1.00
100%
0.53
0.53
Existing
Other
Space Heat
0.73
44%
2.63
0.56
Existing
Other
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
Other
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.83
100%
2.13
1.76
Existing
Other
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
60%
0.38
0.38
Existing
Other
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
60%
0.36
0.37
Existing
Restaurant
Computers
1.00
100%
0.13
0.13
Existing
Restaurant
Cooking
1.00
18%
8.88
8.88
Existing
Restaurant
Cooling DX
0.51
100%
3.88
1.45
Existing
Restaurant
Fax
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Restaurant
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Restaurant
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
Heat Pump
0.14
100%
4.47
1.76
Existing
Restaurant
1.00
100%
2.22
2.22
Existing
Restaurant
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
3.24
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.23
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
1.00
100%
0.29
5.44
Existing
Restaurant
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
4.38
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
1.20
1.20
Existing
Restaurant
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.07
0.07
Existing
Restaurant
Printers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Restaurant
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
5.02
5.02
Existing
Restaurant
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Restaurant
0.76
12%
1.28
0.29
Existing
Restaurant
Space Heat
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.89
100%
3.36
2.68
Existing
Restaurant
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
38%
8.31
8.16
Existing
Restaurant
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
38%
7.82
8.02
Existing
School
Computers
1.00
100%
0.51
0.51
Existing
School
Cooking
1.00
55%
0.22
0.22
Existing
School
Cooling Chillers
0.25
100%
0.30
0.16
Existing
School
Cooling DX
0.21
100%
0.34
0.16
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-12
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
School
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
School
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.12
0.12
Existing
School
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
School
Heat Pump
0.25
100%
2.69
1.16
Existing
School
1.00
100%
0.76
0.76
Existing
School
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
2.77
0.00
Existing
School
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.29
0.00
Existing
School
1.00
100%
0.01
2.56
Existing
School
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
0.15
0.00
Existing
School
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
School
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
School
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
School
Printers
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
School
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
0.41
0.41
Existing
School
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
School
Servers
1.00
100%
0.03
0.03
Existing
School
Space Heat
0.74
9%
5.66
1.83
Existing
School
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
School
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.99
100%
1.32
0.89
Existing
School
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
34%
1.50
1.44
Existing
School
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
34%
1.41
1.41
Existing
University
Computers
1.00
100%
0.50
0.50
Existing
University
Cooking
1.00
55%
0.42
0.42
Existing
University
Cooling Chillers
0.04
100%
0.30
0.16
Existing
University
Cooling DX
0.05
100%
0.34
0.16
Existing
University
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
University
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.12
0.12
Existing
University
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
University
Heat Pump
0.01
100%
2.68
1.15
Existing
University
1.00
100%
0.76
0.76
Existing
University
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
5.21
0.00
Existing
University
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.46
0.00
Existing
University
1.00
100%
0.07
6.39
Existing
University
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
1.95
0.00
Existing
University
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
University
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
University
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.05
0.05
Existing
University
Printers
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
University
Refrigeration
1.00
100%
0.41
0.41
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-13
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
University
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.04
0.04
Existing
University
Servers
1.00
100%
0.03
0.03
Existing
University
Space Heat
0.95
9%
5.65
1.83
Existing
University
1.00
100%
0.08
0.08
Existing
University
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.96
100%
1.32
0.89
Existing
University
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
34%
1.50
1.44
Existing
University
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
34%
1.41
1.41
Existing
Warehouse
Computers
1.00
100%
0.10
0.10
Existing
Warehouse
Cooling Chillers
0.04
100%
0.15
0.20
Existing
Warehouse
Cooling DX
0.14
100%
0.19
0.23
Existing
Warehouse
Fax
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Warehouse
Flat Screen Monitors
1.00
100%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Warehouse
Freezer
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Heat Pump
0.06
100%
0.73
0.53
Existing
Warehouse
1.00
100%
0.28
0.28
Existing
Warehouse
Lighting Exterior
Lighting Interior
Fluorescent
1.00
100%
1.10
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Lighting Interior HID
1.00
100%
0.95
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
1.00
100%
0.01
1.72
Existing
Warehouse
Lighting Interior Other
Lighting Interior Screw
Base
1.00
100%
0.52
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Other Plug Load
1.00
100%
0.26
0.26
Existing
Warehouse
Photo Copiers
1.00
100%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Warehouse
Printers
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Warehouse
Refrigerator
1.00
100%
0.01
0.01
Existing
Warehouse
Space Heat
0.48
26%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Vending Machines
Ventilation and
Circulation
0.52
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
1.00
82%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
1.00
82%
0.00
0.00
Table B.1.4. Commercial Natural Gas Saturations, Fuel Shares, and EUIs
Vintage
Segment
End Use
Saturation
Natural
Gas Fuel
Share
Weighted
Average
EUI Existing
Weighted
Average
EUI - New
Existing
Dry Goods Retail
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Dry Goods Retail
Space Heat Boiler
0.09
100%
0.07
0.04
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-14
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
Dry Goods Retail
Space Heat Furnace
0.83
81%
0.10
0.06
Existing
Dry Goods Retail
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
40%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Dry Goods Retail
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
40%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Grocery
Cooking
1.00
54%
0.19
0.19
Existing
Grocery
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Grocery
Space Heat Boiler
0.01
100%
0.23
0.05
Existing
Grocery
Space Heat Furnace
0.96
88%
0.34
0.07
Existing
Grocery
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
80%
0.15
0.15
Existing
Grocery
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
80%
0.13
0.14
Existing
Hospital
Cooking
1.00
67%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Hospital
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Hospital
Space Heat Boiler
0.35
85%
0.32
0.30
Existing
Hospital
Space Heat Furnace
0.56
78%
0.47
0.46
Existing
Hospital
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
64%
0.48
0.50
Existing
Hospital
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
64%
0.44
0.45
Existing
Hotel Motel
Cooking
1.00
98%
0.08
0.08
Existing
Hotel Motel
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Hotel Motel
Pool Heat
1.00
44%
0.11
0.11
Existing
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Boiler
0.57
69%
0.16
0.12
Existing
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Furnace
0.31
44%
0.24
0.18
Existing
Hotel Motel
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
77%
0.37
0.38
Existing
Hotel Motel
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
77%
0.33
0.34
Existing
Office
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Office
Space Heat Boiler
0.28
66%
0.21
0.10
Existing
Office
Space Heat Furnace
0.57
41%
0.31
0.16
Existing
Office
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
34%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Office
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
34%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Other
Cooking
1.00
49%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Other
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Other
Pool Heat
1.00
13%
0.16
0.16
Existing
Other
Space Heat Boiler
0.25
100%
0.14
0.07
Existing
Other
Space Heat Furnace
0.68
73%
0.21
0.11
Existing
Other
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
58%
0.04
0.04
Existing
Other
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
58%
0.03
0.03
Existing
Restaurant
Cooking
1.00
82%
1.52
1.52
Existing
Restaurant
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Restaurant
Space Heat Boiler
0.00
100%
0.04
0.03
Existing
Restaurant
Space Heat Furnace
0.92
96%
0.06
0.04
Existing
Restaurant
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
67%
0.48
0.50
Existing
Restaurant
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
67%
0.43
0.44
Existing
School
Cooking
1.00
46%
0.02
0.02
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-15
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Existing
School
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
School
Pool Heat
1.00
13%
0.16
0.16
Existing
School
Space Heat Boiler
0.75
98%
0.11
0.09
Existing
School
Space Heat Furnace
0.23
83%
0.17
0.14
Existing
School
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
79%
0.07
0.07
Existing
School
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
79%
0.06
0.06
Existing
University
Cooking
1.00
46%
0.05
0.05
Existing
University
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
University
Pool Heat
1.00
13%
0.15
0.15
Existing
University
Space Heat Boiler
0.75
98%
0.22
0.19
Existing
University
Space Heat Furnace
0.23
83%
0.33
0.28
Existing
University
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
79%
0.11
0.12
Existing
University
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
79%
0.10
0.11
Existing
Warehouse
Other
1.00
100%
0.00
0.00
Existing
Warehouse
Space Heat Boiler
0.01
100%
0.08
0.04
Existing
Warehouse
Space Heat Furnace
0.65
84%
0.12
0.07
Existing
Warehouse
Water Heat GT 55 Gal
0.08
20%
0.02
0.02
Existing
Warehouse
Water Heat LE 55 Gal
0.92
20%
0.02
0.02
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.1-16
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table B.1.5. Industrial Electric End Use Percents by Segment
End Use
Fans
HVAC
Indirect
Boiler
Lighting
Motors
Other
Other
Process
Aircomp
Process
Cool
Process
Electro
Chemical
Process
Heat
Process
Other
Process
Refrig
Pumps
Chemical
Mfg
7%
7%
2%
Computer Electrical Fabricated
Nonmetallic
Petroleum Plastics Primary Printing Transport.
Wood
Electronic Equipment
Metal
Food Industrial Misc. Mineral
Paper
Coal
Rubber Metal Related Equipment WasteProduct
Mfg
Mfg
Products Mfg Machinery Mfg Products
Mfg Products Products Mfg Support
Mfg
water Water Mfg
4%
5%
7% 3%
6% 5%
8% 15%
12%
7%
4%
7%
4%
0% 10%
10%
28%
15%
10% 8%
23% 25%
6%
5%
3%
11%
3%
19%
19%
0%
0%
5%
1%
0%
0% 2%
0% 2%
0%
4%
1%
1%
0%
1%
1%
0%
0%
1%
4%
16%
12%
8%
12%
10%
3%
17%
8%
1%
4%
11%
9%
11%
10%
9% 7%
19% 17%
3%
8%
15% 17%
18% 20%
5%
22%
4%
30%
2%
34%
9%
20%
3%
18%
12%
20%
15%
10%
2%
0%
2%
10%
7%
29%
4%
3%
4%
7%
6%
5%
3%
9%
2%
4%
1%
14%
4%
8%
1%
4%
6%
8%
5%
10%
14%
66%
14%
0%
4%
12%
5%
4% 27%
3%
6%
3%
2%
6%
9%
1%
6%
6%
0%
0%
1%
1%
0%
2%
0%
0%
0%
0%
1%
0%
0%
32%
0%
1%
0%
0%
1%
5%
11%
23%
20%
6%
7% 10%
22%
3%
0%
16%
29%
3%
13%
0%
0%
7%
1%
8%
3%
3%
1%
2%
1%
3%
1%
0%
0%
1%
0%
3%
0%
0%
0%
5%
1%
3%
3% 13%
3%
0%
4%
4%
6%
3%
0%
4%
3%
0%
0%
5%
16%
7%
10%
11%
3%
14%
24%
21%
13%
3%
13%
10%
18%
64%
18%
12%
7%
Table B.1.6. Industrial Natural Gas End Use Percents by Segment
Computer Electrical Fabricated
End Chemical Electronic Equipment Metal
Food
Use
Mfg
Mfg
Mfg
Products Mfg
HVAC
2%
40%
21%
15% 5%
Indirect
60%
47%
18%
16% 58%
Boiler
Other
1%
3%
2%
2% 0%
Process
28%
7%
57%
67% 34%
Heat
Process
9%
2%
3%
0% 4%
Other
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Nonmetallic
Petroleum Plastics Primary Printing Transport.
Wood
Misc.
Industrial
Mineral Paper
Coal
Rubber Metal Related Equipment WasteProduct
Machinery
Mfg
Products Mfg Products Products Mfg Support
Mfg
water Water Mfg
40%
55%
4%
3%
1%
20%
6%
17%
41%
0%
0%
8%
27%
18%
5% 62%
34%
47%
9%
12%
20%
0%
0%
30%
1%
32%
0%
23%
2%
87%
3%
28%
0%
61%
3%
26%
11%
71%
8%
62%
0%
36%
0%
5%
2%
4%
5%
5%
3%
0%
2%
B.1-17
100% 100%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
58%
4%
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Appendix B.2: Measure Descriptions
This section contains a brief description of each measure used in the energy-efficiency potential.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Appendix B.2: Measure Descriptions
1.
Residential Electric Retrofit Measure Descriptions ..................................1
Heating and Cooling ........................................................................................................ 1
Lighting............................................................................................................................ 4
Water Heat ...................................................................................................................... 4
Appliances ....................................................................................................................... 5
Plug Load ........................................................................................................................ 5
Other (Pool) ..................................................................................................................... 6
2.
Residential Electric Equipment Measure Descriptions ............................7
Heating and Cooling ........................................................................................................ 7
Lighting............................................................................................................................ 8
Water Heat ...................................................................................................................... 8
Appliances ....................................................................................................................... 8
Plug Load ........................................................................................................................ 9
Other (Pool) ................................................................................................................... 10
3.
Residential Gas Retrofit Measure Descriptions...................................... 11
Heating .......................................................................................................................... 11
Water Heat .................................................................................................................... 13
4.
Residential Gas Equip Measure Descriptions ........................................ 15
Heating .......................................................................................................................... 15
Water Heat .................................................................................................................... 15
Appliances ..................................................................................................................... 16
Other (Pool) ................................................................................................................... 16
5.
Commercial Electric Retrofit Measure Descriptions .............................. 17
HVAC (and Envelope) ................................................................................................... 17
Lighting.......................................................................................................................... 21
Water Heat .................................................................................................................... 22
Refrigeration .................................................................................................................. 24
Other ............................................................................................................................. 26
6.
Commercial Electric Equipment Measure Descriptions ........................ 30
HVAC ............................................................................................................................ 30
Water Heating ............................................................................................................... 31
Other ............................................................................................................................. 31
7.
Commercial Gas Retrofit Measure Descriptions .................................... 32
HVAC (and Envelope) ................................................................................................... 32
Water Heat .................................................................................................................... 34
Other ............................................................................................................................. 36
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
8.
May 2013
Commercial Gas Equipment Measure Descriptions .............................. 37
HVAC ............................................................................................................................ 37
Water Heat .................................................................................................................... 37
9.
Industrial Electric Measure Descriptions ................................................ 38
10. Industrial Gas Measure Descriptions ...................................................... 40
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
1.
May 2013
Residential Electric Retrofit Measure Descriptions
Heating and Cooling
Air-to-Air Heat Exchanger. This measure mechanically ventilates homes in cold climates.
During the winter, it transfers heat from the air being exhausted to outside air entering the home.
Between 50 and 80 percent of the heat normally lost in exhausted air is returned to the house.
Air-to-air heat exchangers can be installed as part of a central heating and cooling system or in
walls or windows. Wall- and window-mounted units resemble air conditioners and ventilate one
room or area.1
Canned Lighting Air-Tight Sealing. Proper sealing around recessed lighting fixtures prevents
unwanted heat loss through these air spaces due to air pressure differentials in conditioned and
unconditioned spaces in homes. The baseline is no sealing around lighting fixtures.
Ceiling Fan. ENERGY STAR®-qualified ceiling fans have improved motor and blade designs
that allow the user to increase the thermostat set point by a few degrees, which decreases the AC
cooling runtime yet still feels at least 5° cooler. The fans do not create cooler temperatures. This
measure does not include light fixtures; all savings are associated with installing an ENERGY
STAR® ceiling fan where no prior fan was present.
Ceiling Insulation. This measure represents an increase in R-value. Added ceiling insulation
increases the building’s thermal performance and brings the resistance value up to and past code,
depending on the building vintage. Table B-2.1 summarizes the different resistance values
compared in the measure.
Table B-2.1. Ceiling R-Value Comparison
Measure Insulation
R-49
R-49
R-60
Baseline Insulation
R-0
R-10
R-49
Check Me! O&M Tune-up. Performing a system tune-up and regular maintenance ensures that
the refrigerant charge and airflow through the evaporator coil (two factors that affect system
efficiency) are properly tested and correctly adjusted. Maintenance includes changing filters and
cleaning the coils to maintain the overall performance and efficiency of the unit.
Construction, ICF. Building a concrete home with insulating concrete forms (ICFs) saves
energy. Greater insulation, tighter construction, and the temperature-moderating mass of the
walls conserve heating and cooling energy much better than conventional wood-frame walls.
Construction, SIP. A structural insulated panel (SIP) uses continuous foam insulation
throughout the panel, which provides excellent energy efficiency and low levels of air
infiltration. The baseline is standard wood framing.
1
http://cipco.apogee.net/res/reevhex.asp
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-1
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Cool Roofs. ENERGY STAR®-qualified cool roofs have reflective coating and can decrease roof
surface temperatures by up to 100º F, thereby decreasing the amount of heat transferred into a
building. Cool roofs can reduce the amount of air conditioning needed in buildings and can
reduce peak cooling demand by 10 percent to 15 percent.2 This could be considered a passive
measure.
Dehumidifier, Whole House. A high capacity whole house dehumidifier can stand alone in a
basement or be ducted into an existing central air conditioning system. These units remove
moisture content from the air and prevent mold, mildew, and damp conditions.
Doors. Composite or steel doors with a foam core increase overall insulation, slowing heat loss.
This measure includes adding a thermal door with a resistance value of R-5 or R-11 to houses
without a thermal or storm door (R-2.5).
Doors, Weatherization. Mounting weather stripping to the bottom of an exterior door minimizes
infiltration door sweep. This type of weatherization consists of an extruded aluminum strip
holding a flexible vinyl strip that blocks the air space between the door frame and the door. The
baseline for this measure is no weather stripping.
Duct Fittings, Leak-Proof. The majority of duct leakage in residential HVAC systems is due to
improperly sealed connections between ductwork and fittings. Even when duct connections are
initially well-sealed, leakage may increase over time.
Duct Insulation Upgrade. The addition of insulation around ducts in a heating system reduces
heat loss to unconditioned spaces. This measure improves existing duct insulation from R-4 to
R-8.
Duct Location. Locating ducts in conditioned spaces reduces wasted heat loss.3 Many homes
have ducts that run through unconditioned areas (such as attics, garages, crawlspaces, and
basements) for convenience and practical reasons. Ducts in unconditioned areas lose energy
because of the temperature difference between conditioned air in the ducts and the surrounding
space.
Duct Sealing. Duct sealing cost-effectively saves energy, improves air and thermal distribution
(comfort and ventilation), and reduces cross contamination between different zones in the
building (such as smoking vs. non-smoking, bio-aerosols, and localized indoor air pollutants).
Duct Sealing, Aerosol-Based. This aerosol technology seals duct holes up to 1/4-inch in
diameter by spraying atomized latex aerosol into the inside of a pressurized duct system. A
significant amount of energy use in residential buildings is associated with duct losses due to
leakage.
Fan, Whole House. A whole house fan is a simple and inexpensive method of cooling a house
when outdoor temperatures are lower than indoor temperatures. The fan draws cool outdoor air
inside the home through open windows and exhausts hot indoor air through the attic to the
outside.
2
3
http://www.aceee.org/consumer/cooling
http://www.toolbase.org/pdf/techinv/ductsinconditionedspace_techspec.pdf
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-2
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Floor Insulation. The addition of floor insulation increases the overall resistance value of a
home and slows heat transfer from the basement to the upper levels. Table B-2.2 summarizes the
different resistance values compared in the measure.
Table B-2.2. Floor R-Value Comparison
Measure Insulation
Baseline Insulation
R-30
R-38
R-0
R-30
Green Roof. The added mass and thermal resistance of green roofs reduces the heating and
cooling loads of the building. These roofs reduce the ambient temperature of the roof surface and
slow the transfer of heat into the building, which reduces cooling costs. They also add insulation
to the roof structure, reducing heating requirements in the winter.4 Additionally, they reduce the
ambient temperature around the roof, which decreases the building’s urban heat island effect.
HVAC Unit, Proper Sizing. Correctly-sized HVAC systems operate for longer periods of time
(instead of cycling on and off frequently), which results in optimum equipment operating
efficiency and better control.5
Infiltration Control (Caulk, Weather Strip, etc.) Blower Door Test. Sealing air leaks in
windows, doors, the roof, crawlspaces, and outside walls prevents drafts and reduces overall
heating and cooling losses.
Radiant Barrier, Ceiling. A radiant barrier generally consists of a thin piece of aluminum
installed in a ceiling that reduces the solar heat gain from the sun during the summer and traps
heat in during the winter. These barriers reduce heat transfer between the air space of the roof
deck and the attic floor.
Smart Siting. This measure, which applies only to new construction, entails optimizing the
building orientation to minimize the heating and cooling load on the HVAC system.
Solar Attic Fan. This measure provides forced attic fan ventilation, which reduces residential
heat gains from the ceiling. Because this fan is solar-powered, it runs conveniently when the sun
is shining. The baseline uses passive ventilation without a fan.
Thermal Shell, Infiltration at 0.2 ACH w/ HRV. Heat recovery ventilation (HRV) provides
fresh air and improved climate control, while also saving energy by reducing the heating (or
cooling) requirements of a building. Combining this feature with better infiltration control (0.2
air changes per hour) minimizes the energy needed to maintain a healthy level of fresh air and
reduces heat loss due to air leakage.
Thermostat, Multi-Zone. A multi-zone programmable thermostat automatically controls the set
point temperatures for multiple areas (rooms or zones), ensuring the HVAC system is not
running during low-occupancy hours. The baseline for this measure is a programmable
thermostat with central control only.
4
5
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/Roofs/green-roofs
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/HVAC/hvac-sizing-practice
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-3
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Wall Insulation, 2x4 and 2x6. The presence of wall insulation slows the transfer of heat and
reduces the heating and cooling loads in a house. Table B-2.3 compares the different insulation
levels for 2x4 and 2x6 framing.
Table B-2.3. Wall Insulation Measures
Construction Type
Measure Insulation
Baseline Insulation
2x4
R-13
R-21
R-21 + R-5 Sheathing
R-0
R-0
R-21
2x6
Windows. This measure provides increased building performance by reducing the U-value in
existing and new construction windows, as shown in Table B-2.4.
Table B-2.4. High Efficiency Window Measures
Measure U-Value
Baseline U-Value
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.22
Single Pane
Double Pane
0.30
0.30
Window Overhang. A window overhang shades windows, which reduces solar heat gains and
decreases the overall cooling load on the home.
Lighting
Daylighting Controls (Photocell), Indoor/Outdoor. Photocells adjust lighting levels according
to the level of daylight the room is receiving. The baseline is no daylighting controls.
Occupancy Sensor. An occupancy sensor turns off the lights after a space is unoccupied for a
designated amount of time. The lights turn on again when the sensor detects a person in the
space.
Time Clock, Exterior Lighting. This technology allows users to program times for lights outside
the residence to be turned on and off automatically. Programmed exterior lighting saves energy
by ensuring that lights are not left on during the daytime.
Water Heat
Clothes Washer, ENERGY STAR®. This clothes washer uses less energy and water than regular
washers.6 We compared three levels of efficiency―in units of the corresponding Modified
Energy Factor (MEF) ―for this measure, as shown in Table B-2.5. The baseline MEF represents
the average MEF of non-ENERGY STAR®-qualified models.
6
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=CW
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-4
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.5. Clothes Washer Modified Energy Factor Comparisons
Measure Level
Measure MEF
Baseline MEF
ENERGY STAR
CEE Tier 2
CEE Tier 3
2.0-2.19
2.2-2.45
2.46 +
1.66
1.66
1.66
Dishwasher, ENERGY STAR®. This dishwasher uses advanced technology to clean dishes with
less water and energy. The efficient model uses less than 307 kWh/year (including standby
consumption) and less than 5 gallons of water per cycle. The baseline model consumes 340
kWh/year.
Drain Water Heat Recovery. Also called gravity film heat exchanges, this device recovers heat
energy from domestic drain water, which is then used to pre-heat cold water entering the hot
water tank. This minimizes the temperature difference between the heating set point and the
temperature of the water entering the system.
Hot Water Pipe Insulation. The addition of R-4 insulation around pipes decreases heat loss. The
baseline is a hot water pipe without insulation.
Low-Flow Showerheads. Low-flow showerheads mix water and air to reduce the amount of
water that flows through the showerhead. The showerhead creates a fine water spray through an
inserted screen in the showerhead. This measure reduces a showerhead’s flow rate from 2.5
gallons per minute to 2.0 gallons per minute.
Water Heater Tank Blanket. The installation of R-5 insulation on older models of water heaters
helps reduce standby losses.
Water Heater Thermostat Setback. This measure generates savings by reducing the thermostat
set point temperature from 135° to 120°F. The set point temperature on hot water systems is
often set higher than necessary.
Appliances
Refrigerator/Freezer, Removal of Secondary. This refers to environmentally friendly disposal of
unneeded or inefficient appliances such as secondary refrigerators or stand-alone freezers.
Stand-Alone Freezer, Removal. The removal of stand-alone freezers is beneficial because of the
inefficient use of energy by these appliances. Proper disposal is required due to their use of
hazardous materials such as Freon and CFCs.
Plug Load
1-Watt Standby Power. Standby power is the electricity used by small electrical equipment or
appliances when they are switched off or are not performing their main function. Minimizing this
loss to one watt or less can reduce this standby energy consumption by more than 50 percent.
Battery Charger, ENERGY STAR®. On average, these battery chargers use 35 percent less
energy than conventional battery chargers, which draw as much as five to 20 times more energy
than is actually stored in the battery (even when not actively charging a product). Battery
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-5
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
charging systems recharge a variety of cordless products, including power tools, small household
appliances, and electric shavers. The baseline is a standard battery charger.7
Office Copier, ENERGY STAR®. These copy machines are 40 percent more efficient than
standard office copy machines.8
Office Printer, ENERGY STAR®. These printers are 40 percent more efficient than standard
printers.
Smart Strip. Power strips with an occupancy sensor will turn power to all devices plugged into
the strip on and off, such as computers, desk lights, and audio equipment, based on occupancy
within the work area.
Other (Pool)
Pool Pump Timers. A pool pump with a timer set to run during off-peak times (starting after
8:00 p.m. and cycling off before 10:00 a.m.) reduces energy costs. Cycling the pumps will
further reduce monthly costs. The baseline is a continuously running pump.
7
8
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=battery_chargers.pr_battery_chargers
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=IEQ
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-6
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
2.
May 2013
Residential Electric Equipment Measure
Descriptions
Heating and Cooling
Air or Ground Source Heat Pump (ASHP or GSHP). Electric heat pumps move heat to or from
the air or the ground to cool and heat a home. Table B-2.6 displays the different efficiency levels
we compared for this measure. The baseline size is the same as the measure size.
Table B-2.6. Heat Pump SEER/HSPF Comparisons
Measure Efficiency
ASHP 14 SEER, 8.5 HSPF
ASHP 16 SEER, 8.8 HSPF
GSHP 16.2 EER, 8.8 HSPF
Baseline SEER & HSPF
ASHP 13 SEER, 7.7 HSPF
Central Cooling. This measure consists of several different air conditioner technology/efficiency
levels, as summarized in Table B-2.7. The baseline size is the same as the measure size.
Table B-2.7. Central AC SEER Comparison
Measure
Baseline SEER
14 SEER
16 SEER
18 SEER
13 SEER
Conversion Baseboard Heating to Ductless Heat Pump (DHP). DHPs move heat to or from the
air to cool and heat a home without the need for costly ductwork. This method of heating has a
HSPF value of 7.7, consuming less energy than baseboard heating that has a HSPF value of 1.
Conversion Electric Furnace to Air Source Heat Pump (ASHP). ASHPs move heat to or from
the air to cool and heat a home. This method of heating has a HSPF value of 7.7, consuming less
energy than an electric furnace that has a HSPF value of 1.
Motor, ECM and ECM-VFD. Electronically commutated motors (ECMs) and ECMs with
variable frequency drives (VFD) consume less power than the standard motor used in ventilation
and circulation systems.
Room Air Conditioner (Room AC), 10,000 BTU/HR. ENERGY STAR®-qualified room ACs
use less energy than conventional models through improved energy performance and timers,
which allow for better temperature control. ENERGY STAR®-qualified room air conditioners
have an efficiency rating of 10.8 EER, compared to standard models, which have an efficiency
rating of 9.8 EER.
Room AC Conversion to Ductless Heat Pump (DHP). DHPs use less energy than room AC
while also producing less noise and requiring no costly ductwork. DHPs have an efficiency of 13
SEER, replacing a room AC unit with an efficiency rating of 9.8 EER.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-7
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Lighting
Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFL), 13, 20, and 25 Watt. Specialty 3-way CFLs use 73 percent
to 83 percent less energy and have a longer life than incandescent 3-way, 60, 75, or 150 watt
light bulbs.
Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFL), 15 Watt. Standard CFLs use 62 percent less energy than the
Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) 43 watt incandescent bulbs. The baseline for this
measure reflects the 2012-2014 changes to accommodate the EISA of 2007, reaching a baseline
value of 43 watts.
Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFL), 17 Watt Flood Light. Exterior CFLs use 62 percent less
energy than EISA 45 watt incandescent bulbs. The baseline for this measure reflects the 20122014 changes to accommodate the EISA of 2007, reaching a baseline value of 45 watts.
Light emitting diodes (LEDs), 7 Watts. LEDs are solid-state devices that convert electricity to
light, use 80 percent less energy, and have a long life. The baseline for this measure reflects the
2012-2014 changes to accommodate the EISA of 2007, reaching a baseline value of 43 watts.
Water Heat
Water Heater, Heat Pump. This measure moves heat from a warm reservoir (such as air) into
the hot water system.9 This measure assumes an energy factor (EF) of 2.2, an increase from the
standard EF of 0.92.
Water Heater, Storage. A high-efficiency water heater reduces standby loss and is more efficient
than a standard electric water heater. This measure assumes an EF of 0.95, an increase from the
standard EF of 0.92.
Appliances
Cooking Oven, High Efficiency. A high-efficiency cooking oven uses fans to circulate heat
evenly throughout the oven (convection heat), operating at lower temperatures and achieving
cook times quicker than a standard oven. The baseline is a standard oven.
Dryer, High Efficiency. A high-efficiency dryer has features (such as moisture sensors) that
minimize energy usage while retaining performance. The efficiency levels for this measure are
shown in Table B-2.8.
Table B-2.8. Dryer EF Comparison
Measure
3.08 EF
3.19 EF
3.30 EF
Baseline
3.01 EF
Freezer, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR® -qualified freezers use 10 percent less energy than
standard models due to improvements in insulation and compressors.
9
Description source: U.S. Department of Energy;
http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/water_heating/index.cfm/mytopic=12840
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-8
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Microwave, High Efficiency. High-efficiency microwaves use more efficient power supplies,
fans, magnetron, and reflective surfaces that provide energy savings compared to conventional
microwaves.
Refrigerator, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR®-qualified refrigerators use 20 percent less
energy than standard models, due to improvements in insulation and compressors.
Plug Load
Computer, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR® computers consume less than 2 watts in sleep
and off modes, and are more efficient than conventional units in idle mode, resulting in 30
percent to 65 percent energy savings.
Dehumidifier, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR®-qualified models have more efficient
refrigeration coils, compressors, and fans than conventional models, and use less energy to
remove moisture. Qualified models remove the same amount of moisture as a similarly-sized
standard unit, but use 10 percent to 20 percent less energy. The baseline for this measure is a
standard dehumidifier.10
DVD, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR®-qualified DVD products meeting the new
requirements use up to 60 percent less energy than standard models.11 ENERGY STAR® DVD
players use as little as one-fourth of the energy of standard models in the off mode. The baseline
for this measure is a standard DVD player.
Home Audio System, ENERGY STAR. According to ENERGY STAR® products, a 6 percent
energy savings can be achieved over standard home audio systems.12
Monitor, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR® monitors feature: (1) on mode, where the
maximum allowed power varies based on the computer monitor’s resolution; (2) sleep mode,
where computer monitors must consume 2 watts or less; and, (3) off mode, where computer
monitors must consume 1 watt or less. The baseline equipment does not include these features.13
Set Top Box, ENERGY STAR. Set top boxes that have earned the ENERGY STAR® rating are
at least 30 percent more efficient than conventional models.14 The baseline measure is a standard
receiver.
TV, ENERGY STAR. ENERGY STAR®-qualified TVs use roughly 40 percent less energy than
standard units.15 ENERGY STAR® models are required to consume no more than 1 watt while in
sleep mode. The baseline is a standard television, which generally consumes more than 3 watts
when turned off.
10
11
12
13
14
15
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=DE
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=DP
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=HA
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.ShowProductGroup&pgw_code=MO
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=settop_boxes.settop_boxes
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=TV
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-9
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Other (Pool)
Pool Pumps, Two Speed Motor. This measure enables a pool pump motor to operate at high and
low speeds as opposed to constantly running at full power. The baseline for this measure is a
standard one speed motor.
Pool Pumps, VSD. This measure enables a pool pump motor to operate at variable speeds as
opposed to constantly running at full power. The baseline for this measure is a standard one
speed motor.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-10
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
3.
May 2013
Residential Gas Retrofit Measure Descriptions
Heating
Air-to-Air Heat Exchanger. An air-to-air heat exchanger mechanically ventilates homes in cold
climates. During the winter, it transfers heat from the air being exhausted to the fresh, outside air
entering the home. Between 50 and 80 percent of the heat normally lost in exhausted air is
returned to the house. Air-to-air heat exchangers can be installed as part of a central heating and
cooling system or in walls or windows. Wall- and window-mounted units resemble air
conditioners and will ventilate one room or area.16
Canned Lighting Air-Tight Sealing. Proper sealing around recessed lighting fixtures prevents
unwanted heat loss through these air spaces due to air pressure differentials in conditioned and
unconditioned spaces in homes. The baseline is no sealing around lighting fixtures.
Ceiling Insulation. This measure represents an increase in R-value. Added ceiling insulation
increases the building’s thermal performance and brings the resistance value up to and past code,
depending on the building vintage. Table B-2.9 summarizes the different resistance values
compared in the measure.
Table B-2.9. Ceiling R-Value Comparison
Measure Insulation
R-49
R-49
R-60
Baseline Insulation
R-0
R-10
R-49
Construction, ICF. Building a concrete home with insulating concrete forms (ICFs) saves
energy. Greater insulation, tighter construction, and the temperature-moderating mass of the
walls conserve heating and cooling energy much better than conventional wood-frame walls.
Construction, SIP. A structural insulated panel (SIP) uses continuous foam insulation
throughout the panel, which provides excellent energy efficiency and low levels of air
infiltration. The baseline is standard wood framing.
Doors. Composite or steel doors with a foam core increase overall insulation, slowing heat loss.
This measure includes adding a thermal door with a resistance value of R-5 or R-11 to houses
without a thermal or storm door (R-2.5).
Doors, Weatherization. Mounting weather stripping to the bottom of an exterior door minimizes
infiltration door sweep. This type of weatherization consists of an extruded aluminum strip
holding a flexible vinyl strip that blocks the air space between the door frame and the door. The
baseline for this measure is no weather stripping.
Duct Fittings, Leak-Proof. The majority of duct leakage in residential HVAC systems is due to
improperly sealed connections between ductwork and fittings. Even when duct connections are
initially well-sealed, leakage may increase over time.
16
http://cipco.apogee.net/res/reevhex.asp
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-11
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Duct Insulation Upgrade. The addition of insulation around ducts in a heating system reduces
heat loss to unconditioned spaces. This measure improves existing duct insulation from R-4 to
R-8.
Duct Location. Locating ducts in conditioned spaces reduces wasted heat loss.17 Many homes
have ducts that run through unconditioned areas (such as attics, garages, crawlspaces, and
basements) for convenience and practical reasons. Ducts in unconditioned areas lose energy
because of the temperature difference between conditioned air in the ducts and the surrounding
space.
Duct Sealing. Duct sealing cost-effectively saves energy, improves air and thermal distribution
(comfort and ventilation), and reduces cross contamination between different zones in the
building (such as smoking vs. non-smoking, bio-aerosols, and localized indoor air pollutants).
Duct Sealing, Aerosol-Based. This aerosol technology seals duct holes up to 1/4-inch in
diameter by spraying atomized latex aerosol into the inside of a pressurized duct system. A
significant amount of energy use in residential buildings is associated with duct losses due to
leakage.
Floor Insulation. The addition of floor insulation increases the overall resistance value of a
home and slows heat transfer from the basement to the upper levels. Table B-2.10 summarizes
the different resistance values compared in the measure.
Table B-2.10. Floor R-Value Comparison
Measure Insulation
R-30
R-38
Baseline Insulation
R-0
R-30
Green Roof. The added mass and thermal resistance of green roofs reduces the heating and
cooling loads of the building. These roofs reduce the ambient temperature of the roof surface and
slow the transfer of heat into the building, which reduces cooling costs. They also add insulation
to the roof structure, reducing heating requirements in the winter.18 Additionally, they reduce the
ambient temperature around the roof, which decreases the building’s urban heat island effect.
HVAC Unit, Proper Sizing. Correctly-sized HVAC systems operate for longer periods of time
(instead of cycling on and off frequently), which results in optimum equipment operating
efficiency and better control.19
Infiltration Control (Caulk, Weather Strip, etc.) Blower Door Test. Sealing air leaks in
windows, doors, the roof, crawlspaces, and outside walls prevents drafts and reduces overall
heating and cooling losses.
Radiant Barrier, Ceiling. A radiant barrier generally consists of a thin piece of aluminum
installed in a ceiling that reduces the solar heat gain from the sun during the summer and traps
17
18
19
http://www.toolbase.org/pdf/techinv/ductsinconditionedspace_techspec.pdf
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/Roofs/green-roofs
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/HVAC/hvac-sizing-practice
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-12
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
heat in during the winter. These barriers reduce heat transfer between the air space of the roof
deck and the attic floor.
Smart Siting. This measure, which applies only to new construction, entails optimizing the
building orientation to minimize the heating and cooling load on the HVAC system.
Thermal Shell, Infiltration at 0.2 ACH w/ HRV. Heat recovery ventilation (HRV) provides
fresh air and improved climate control, while also saving energy by reducing the heating (or
cooling) requirements of a building. Combining this feature with better infiltration control (0.2
air changes per hour) minimizes the energy needed to maintain a healthy level of fresh air and
reduces heat loss due to air leakage.
Thermostat, Multi-Zone. A multi-zone programmable thermostat automatically controls the set
point temperatures for multiple areas (rooms or zones), ensuring the HVAC system is not
running during low-occupancy hours. The baseline for this measure is a programmable
thermostat with central control only.
Wall Insulation, 2x4 and 2x6. The presence of wall insulation slows the transfer of heat and
reduces the heating and cooling loads in a house. Table B-2.11 compares the different insulation
levels for 2x4 and 2x6 framing.
Table B-2.11. Wall Insulation Measures
Construction Type
Measure Insulation
Baseline Insulation
2x4
R-13
R-21
R-21 + R-5 Sheathing
R-0
R-0
R-21
2x6
Windows. This measure provides increased building performance by reducing the U-value in
existing and new construction windows, as shown in Table B-2.12.
Table B-2.12. High Efficiency Window Measures
Measure U-Value
Baseline U-Value
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.22
Single Pane
Double Pane
0.30
0.30
Water Heat
Clothes Washer, ENERGY STAR®. This clothes washer uses less energy and water than regular
washers.20 Three levels of efficiency―in units of the corresponding Modified Energy Factor
(MEF) ―are shown in Table B-2.13. The baseline MEF represents the average MEF of nonENERGY STAR®-qualified models.
20
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=CW
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-13
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.13. Clothes Washer Modified Energy Factor Comparisons
Measure Level
Measure MEF
Baseline MEF
ENERGY STAR
CEE Tier 2
CEE Tier 3
2.0-2.19
2.2-2.45
2.46 +
1.66
1.66
1.66
Dishwasher, ENERGY STAR®. This dishwasher uses advanced technology to clean dishes with
less water and energy. The efficient model uses less than 307 kWh/year (including standby
consumption) and less than 5 gallons of water per cycle. The baseline model consumes 340
kWh/year.
Drain Water Heat Recovery. Also called gravity film heat exchanges, this device recovers heat
energy from domestic drain water, which is then used to pre-heat cold water entering the hot
water tank. This minimizes the temperature difference between the heating set point and the
temperature of the water entering the system.
Hot Water Pipe Insulation. The addition of R-4 insulation around pipes decreases heat loss. The
baseline is a hot water pipe without insulation.
Low-Flow Showerheads. Low-flow showerheads mix water and air to reduce the amount of
water that flows through the showerhead. The showerhead creates a fine water spray through an
inserted screen in the showerhead. This measure reduces a showerhead’s flow rate from 2.5
gallons per minute to 2.0 gallons per minute.
Water Heater Tank Blanket. The installation of R-5 insulation on older models of water heaters
helps reduce standby losses.
Water Heater Thermostat Setback. This measure generates savings by reducing the thermostat
set point temperature from 135° to 120°F. The set point temperature on hot water systems is
often set higher than necessary.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-14
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
4.
May 2013
Residential Gas Equip Measure Descriptions
Heating
Gas Boiler. Boilers are classified as condensing or non-condensing. Condensing boilers
condense the flue gas and water vapor, extracting useful heat and improving the boiler
efficiency. This measure compares several boilers with different thermal efficiencies and is
applicable to both new and existing construction. The overall efficiency of the boiler is defined
as the gross energy output divided by the energy input, and is affected by combustion efficiency,
standby losses, cycling losses, and heat transfer. Table B-2.14 displays the measure and baseline
thermal efficiencies.
Table B-2.14. Gas Boiler Efficiency Comparison
Measure AFUE
90%
94%
Baseline AFUE
82%
Gas Furnace. Improvements in furnace technology, such as new ignition and heat exchange
design, have led to increased furnace efficiency. The AFUE levels considered in this measure are
shown in Table B-2.15.
Table B-2.15. Gas Furnace Efficiency Comparison
Measure AFUE
90%
95%
Baseline AFUE
80%
Water Heat
Water Heater, Storage. A high-efficiency water heater reduces standby loss and is more efficient
than a standard electric water heater. The energy factors (EF) considered in this measure are
shown in Table B-2.16.
Table B-2.16. Water Heater EF Comparison
Measure EF
0.67
0.80
Baseline EF
0.62
Water Heater, Tankless. This measure provides hot water at a preset temperature as needed
without storage, thereby reducing or eliminating standby losses. Tankless systems have an EF of
0.82, compared to standard water heaters with an EF of 0.62.21
21
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/Plumbing/tankless-water-heaters
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-15
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Appliances
High Efficiency Dryer. High efficiency dryers have features, such as moisture sensors, that
minimize energy usage while retaining performance. The efficiency levels for this measure are
shown in Table B-2.17.
Table B-2.17. Dryer EF Comparison
Measure
2.74 EF
2.83 EF
2.93 EF
Baseline
2.67 EF
Other (Pool)
Energy Efficient Pool Heater. Gas pool heaters use natural gas or propane. The water circulated
by the pump passes through a filter and then travels to the heater. Gas burns in the heater
combustion chamber, generating heat that warms the water returning to the pool. This measure
assumes an efficiency level of 88 percent, compared to a standard 83 percent efficient pool
heater.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-16
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
5.
May 2013
Commercial Electric Retrofit Measure
Descriptions
HVAC (and Envelope)
Automated Ventilation Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) Control, Occupancy/CO2 sensors.
This measure is also known as demand-control ventilation (DCV), where the ventilation system
automatically adjusts air flow when CO2 is above a specified level. CO2 controls maintain a
minimum ventilation rate at all times to control non-occupant contaminants, such as off-gassing
from furniture, equipment, and building components. The baseline of this measure is a
ventilation system that runs constantly.
Chilled Water/Condenser Water Settings, Optimization. Making adjustments to the chilled and
condenser water system settings to better match the building load will reduce unnecessary use of
the compressor and pumps.
Chilled Water Piping Loop with Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Control. A VSD controller, with
two-way valves at the cooling coils, controls the chilled water pump speed to vary based on the
cooling load, thus reducing pumping energy requirements. The baseline is a constant speed pump
with three-way valves.
Chiller Water-Side Economizer. This measure consists of a heat exchanger attached to a
condenser water piping loop that operates when outdoor conditions can produce colder
condenser water than the mixed air temperature. A water side economizer is used when an
outdoor-air economizer is not practical. The baseline measure is no economizer.
Convert Constant Volume Air System to Variable Air Volume (VAV). This measure allows the
airflow volume of a HVAC system to vary the heating or cooling load rather than overconditioning and short-cycling. The baseline is a constant volume system.
Cooling Tower, Decrease Approach Temperature. An oversized cooling tower allows a reduced
approach temperature, which saves energy. The approach temperature is the difference between
the water leaving the tower and the wet-bulb temperature. This measure assumes a 6 degree delta
compared to the baseline of a 10 degree delta.
Cooling Tower, Two-Speed Fan Motor. A two-speed fan cycles between off, low, and high
speeds to maintain the tower set point. The low-speed setting uses less energy than a single, high
speed fan. The baseline measure is a single-speed fan motor.
Cooling Tower, Variable Speed Drive (VSD) Fan Control. VSDs modulate the air flow so that
heat rejection exactly matches load at the desired set point, which saves energy. The baseline
measure is a two-speed fan motor.
Direct Digital Control (DDC) System, Installation. DDC systems allow for both HVAC and
lighting to be controlled and monitored. For lighting, the DDC system allows for direct control
of lights from a remote location. Entire HVAC systems, including pumps, motors, fans, and set
points, can be digitally programmed for tighter control of the system.
Direct Digital Control (DDC) System, Optimization. DDC is also known as an energy
management system (EMS), which allows for digital monitoring and control of HVAC and
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-17
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
lighting systems. The optimization refers to upgrading a high-efficiency energy management
system to a premium efficiency system.
Direct Digital Control (DDS) System, Wireless Performance Monitoring. This secondgeneration building automation systems allows for wireless optimization and operation of
building systems (such as HVAC) through computerized monitoring and control software and
interfaces.
Direct Expansion (DX) Package Air-Side Economizer. An air-side economizer mixes return air
with outside air to cool indoor spaces, which saves energy as less air needs to be cooled.
Direct Expansion (DX) Tune-Up/Diagnostics. Regular maintenance of DX air-conditioning
systems includes checking controls, replacing filters, cleaning coils and blowers, and checking
refrigerant levels.
Direct/Indirect Evaporative Cooling, Pre-Cooling. Direct evaporative coolers are low-energy
systems that evaporate water into the air stream, thus reducing air temperature and increasing
humidity. Indirect evaporative coolers use a secondary air stream that is cooled by water and
travels through a heat exchanger with the primary air stream, cooling the air but not affecting the
humidity. Direct/indirect systems cool the air stream via the indirect cooler, then cool it further
through the direct cooler. Including an evaporative cooler before the DX system reduces the
overall cooling load.
Duct Fittings, Leak-Proof. The majority of duct leakage in residential HVAC systems is due to
improperly sealed connections between ductwork and fittings. Even when duct connections are
initially well-sealed, leakage may increase over time.
Duct Repair and Sealing. This maintenance creates significant energy savings by ensuring
conditioned air only goes to occupied spaces, thereby reducing an excessive runtime/load on the
HVAC system.
Exhaust Air to Ventilation Air Heat Recovery. This measure captures heated air exhausted out
of a building and transfers it to the incoming air, decreasing the overall heating load.
Exhaust Hood Makeup Air. This measure provides exhaust air at the hood instead of allowing
the hood to exhaust conditioned air in the room. The baseline measure is for conditioned air to be
expelled through exhaust hoods.
Green Roof. The added mass and thermal resistance of green roofs reduces the heating and
cooling loads of the building. These roofs reduce the ambient temperature of the roof surface and
slow the transfer of heat into the building, which reduces cooling costs. They also add insulation
to the roof structure, reducing heating requirements in the winter.22 Additionally, they reduce the
ambient temperature around the roof, which decreases the building’s urban heat island effect.
Hotel Key Card Energy Control System. This measure controls room HVAC and lighting during
non-occupied periods. Occupancy is determined by the presence of a key card and/or additional
sensors. The central system sets heating and cooling to a minimum and turns off lighting when
the key card is removed. Once the key card is inserted, the hotel guest has full control of the
room systems.
22
http://www.toolbase.org/Technology-Inventory/Roofs/green-roofs
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-18
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Infiltration Reduction (Caulking, Weather Stripping, etc.). Sealing air leaks in windows, doors,
the roof, crawlspaces, and outside walls decreases overall heating and cooling losses. Baseline
and measure values, in units of air changes per hour (ACH), are presented in Table B-2.18.
Table B-2.18. Infiltration Reduction Measures
Measure (ACH)
0.65
Baseline (ACH)
1.00
Insulation, Ceiling. These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing building
conditions to current state code or from current state code to better than code. Baseline and
measure values are presented in Table B-2.19.
Table B-2.19. Ceiling Insulation Measures
Measure
R-38 (State Code)
R-38 (State Code)
R-38 (State Code)
R-49
Baseline
R-7
R-8
R-11
R-38 (State Code)
Insulation, Duct. Packaged direct expansion and heat-pump equipment are generally coupled
with a ducting system inside the building. Insulating these ducts reduces energy loss to the
unconditioned plenum space. This measure assumes that R-7 insulation is installed where no
insulation previously existed.
Insulation, Floor (Non-Slab). These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing
building conditions to current state code or from current state code to better than code. The
baseline and measure R-values are presented in Table B-2.20.
Table B-2.20. Floor Insulation Measures
Measure
Baseline
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-38
R-7
R-8
R-11
R-19
R-30 (State Code)
Insulation, Wall. These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing building
conditions to the current state code value of R-13 + 7.5. The baseline value of R-3 represents the
average existing insulation level.
Natural Ventilation System. This measure relies on pressure differences to move fresh air
through buildings. Natural ventilation, unlike fan-forced ventilation, uses the natural forces of
wind and buoyancy to deliver fresh air into buildings. The specific approach and design varies by
building type and local climate. The amount of ventilation depends on internal space design and
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-19
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
the size and placement of openings in the building. Natural ventilation offsets the energy
required to run forced air ventilation systems. 23
Pipe Insulation. Adding 1.5-inches of insulation to water pipes yields an approximate R-value of
R-6, which decreases temperature losses, thereby reducing demand on chilled water systems.
Programmable Thermostat. This measure controls set point temperature automatically, ensuring
the HVAC system is not running during low-occupancy hours.
Retro-Commissioning. Commissioning ensures that energy-using systems are operating in an
optimal fashion in order to maximize energy efficiency. This commissioning process can be
applied to existing buildings to restore them to optimal performance. Retro-commissioning is a
systematic, documented process that identifies low-cost operational and maintenance
improvements in existing buildings and brings them up to the design intentions.24,25 The baseline
measure is no commissioning.
Sensible Heat Recovery Devices. This measure preconditions incoming air by transferring
energy between the exhaust air stream and the supply air stream. This raises the temperature of
incoming air during the winter and decreases it in the summer. Energy savings results from the
reduced need for mechanical heating or cooling.
Total Heat Recovery Devices. This measure, also called enthalpy recovery, transfers sensible
and latent heat. Latent heat, which is released or absorbed due to a phase change (such as the
condensation of water vapor), significantly raises the outdoor air humidity in the winter and
reduces it in the summer.26
Window Film. Solar control window films applied to existing windows reduces peak demand
during hot months and conserves air conditioning energy. The use of these films also reduces
exposure to ultraviolet radiation and glare.27
Windows, High Efficiency. This measure increases building performance by reducing the Uvalue, as shown in Table B-2.21.
Table B-2.21. High-efficiency Window Measures
Measure U-Value
0.40 (State Code)
0.40 (State Code)
0.40 (State Code)
0.40 (State Code)
0.32
23
24
25
26
27
Baseline U-Value
0.68
0.67
0.65
0.60
0.40 (State Code)
National Renewable Energy Laboratory; http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy03osti/33698.pdf
http://www.green.ca.gov/CommissioningGuidelines/default.htm
http://cbs.lbl.gov/BPA/cct.html
http://www.mcquay.com/mcquaybiz/marketing_tools/mt_corporate/EngNews/0701.pdf
http://www.iwfa.com/iwfa/Consumer_Info/windowfilmbenefits.html
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-20
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Lighting
Bi-Level Control, Stairwell Lighting. This measure allows an occupancy sensor to reduces the
light load in an unoccupied stairwell by 50 percent for a set amount of time. The baseline is
continuous operation at full power.
Cold Cathode Lighting. This measure is a tubular light or bulb that passes an electrical current
through a gas or vapor, much like neon lighting. A cold cathode light is up to five times brighter
than neon, and has one of the longest lives of any lighting fixture at roughly 50,000 hours.28 Cold
cathode lighting uses 5 watts compared to 30 watts for an incandescent bulb.
Covered Parking Lighting. This measure reducing the energy use of covered parking garages by
replacing inefficient metal halide lamps with LED and replacing high pressure sodium lamps
with LED low bay lighting.
Daylighting Controls, Outdoors (Photocell). Exterior photocells adjust lighting levels according
to sunlight levels reaching desired set points. This measure achieves savings over time-clock or
manual controls through changes in seasonal and site conditions by improving night time
durations.
Dimming, Continuous: Fluorescent Fixtures. A continuous dimming switch allows light level
brightness to vary from 0 percent to 100 percent, increasing electricity savings. The baseline
measure is fluorescent fixtures operating at full power.
Dimming, Stepped: Fluorescent Fixtures. This measure allows the user to vary the light level
by a number of specified tiers to adjust for the amount of outside daylight. The baseline measure
is fluorescent fixtures operating at full power.
Exit Sign, Light Emitting Diodes (LED). LED exit signs use only 2 watts of power and last over
50,000 hours, compared to CFL exit signs that use 9 watts of power and have a shorter life.
Exit Sign, Photoluminescent or Tritium. This measure uses no energy and provides lighting
suitable for exit signage.
Exterior Building Lighting, Package. This measure decreases lighting power density by 30
percent. The baseline lighting technology includes all available technologies in a building that
make up the total watts per square foot.
Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Refrigeration Case Lights. These highly efficient bulbs create 55
percent energy savings over standard 60 watt fluorescent refrigeration case light.
Lighting Reduction Package, High Efficiency. This measure results in a 15 percent decrease in
lighting power density (W/sqft). The baseline lighting technology includes all available
technologies in a building that make up the total watts per square foot. Installation of the lighting
reduction package reduces lighting power density with higher efficiency technologies, such as
high performance T8 or T5 tubes, high-efficiency ballasts, reflective lighting fixtures, etc.
Lighting Reduction Package, Premium Efficiency. This measure results in a 20 percent
decrease in lighting power density (W/sqft). The baseline lighting technology includes all
available technologies in a building that make up the total watts per square foot. Installation of
28
Conjecture Corporation of wisegeek.com; http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-cold-cathode-light.htm
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-21
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
the lighting reduction package reduces lighting power density with higher efficiency
technologies, such as high performance T8 or T5 tubes, high-efficiency ballasts, reflective
lighting fixtures, etc.
Lighting Reduction Package, Super Premium Efficiency. This measure results in a 25 percent
decrease in lighting power density (W/sqft). The baseline lighting technology includes all
available technologies in a building that make up the total watts per square foot. Installation of
the lighting reduction package reduces lighting power density (W/sqft) with higher efficiency
technologies, such as high performance T8 or T5 tubes, high-efficiency ballasts, reflective
lighting fixtures, etc.
Lighting Reduction Package, Super Premium High Bay. Lighting reduction packages, such as
T5HO (High Output) for high bay applications in a warehouse or grocery, can reduce the power
density by 35 percent. The baseline lighting technology includes all available technologies in a
building that make up the total watts per square foot.
Occupancy Sensor, Fluorescent. This measure turns off fluorescent lights after a space is
unoccupied for a designated amount of time. The lights turn on again when the sensor detects a
person in the space. Occupancy measures can control single or multiple lighting zones. The
controlled lighting wattage varies depending on application. The baseline assumes no lighting
controls.
Solid State Light Emitting Diode (LED), White Lighting. LEDs are solid-state devices that
convert electricity to light, with very high efficiency and long life. Recently, lighting
manufacturers have indirectly produced ‘cool’ white LED lighting using ultraviolet LEDs to
excite phosphors that emit a white-appearing light. This measure applies to exterior lighting for
landscape, merchandise, signage, and structures. The baseline for this measure is 50 watts, 10
hrs/day, 365 days/yr.
Surface Parking Lighting. Replacing inefficient metal halide lamps that consume between 100150 watts with LED lighting that consumes 60-111 watts reduces the energy use of surface
parking lots. LED lights also last longer than metal halide lamps, reducing the labor of replace
lamps.
Time Clock. This technology allows users to program lights and other loads to be turned on and
off automatically in response to a time schedule, an occupancy sensor, or a building automation
system.
Water Heat
Clothes Washer, Ozonating. This measure disinfects water with ozone-enriched air, which
suppresses subsequent biological activity and controls biological growth within the appliance,
thus reducing the need for hot water. The baseline measure is a standard commercial clothes
washer.29
29
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/6607672-description.html
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-22
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Clothes Washer Commercial, ENERGY STAR®. This measure has more capacity than
conventional top-load models with an agitator. Some front-loaders can wash over 20 pounds of
laundry at once, compared to 10–15 pounds for a standard top-loader.30
Demand-Controlled Circulating Systems. This measure circulates hot water only when required.
The baseline measure is a continuously circulating hot water system, resulting in energy loss
through pipes.
Dishwasher, Residential ENERGY STAR®. Residential sized ENERGY STAR® dishwashers
are often appropriate for smaller commercial buildings, and are 10 percent more efficient than
the federal minimum standard used as the baseline.31
Dishwasher, Commercial: High Temperature ENERGY STAR®. This measure has a minimal
idle rate, consumes a minimal amount of water per rack of loaded dishes, and is on average 25
percent more efficient than standard high temp commercial dishwashers.32
Dishwasher, Commercial: Low Temperature ENERGY STAR®. This measure uses chemicals
combined with low temperatures to save energy compared to standard high temperature
commercial dishwashers.
Drain Water Heat Recovery, Water Heater. This measure recovers heat energy from drain water
and uses it to heat water entering the hot water tank, minimizing the temperature rise required to
achieve the water heater set point.33
Hot Water (SHW) Pipe Insulation. One inch of extra insulation on hot water pipes yields an
approximate R-value of R-4, decreasing temperature losses. This measure is only applicable for
existing construction. The baseline measure is no insulation.
Low-Flow Faucet Aerators. This measure mixes water and air, reducing the amount of water
that flows through the faucet. It creates a fine water spray through an inserted screen in the faucet
head. Flow rate requirements for this measure are presented in Table B-2.22.
Table B-2.22. Faucet Aerator Flow Rates
Measure Flow Rate (GPM*)
2.2
1.5
* Gallons per minute
Baseline Flow Rate (GPM)
3.0
2.2
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse Spray Valves. This measure mixes water and air, reducing the amount of
water that flows through the spray head. The head creates a fine water spray through an inserted
screen, achieving a flow reduction from 1.6 GPM (federal standard) to 0.6 GPM.
30
31
32
33
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=clotheswash.pr_clothes_washers_comm
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=DW
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=COH
www.toolbase.org/Techinventory/TechDetails.aspx?ContentDetailID=858&BucketID=6&CategoryID=9
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-23
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Low-Flow Showerheads. This measure mixes water and air, reducing the amount of water that
flows through the showerhead. The showerhead creates a fine water spray through an inserted
screen. Flow rate requirements for this measure are presented in Table B-2.23.
Table B-2.23. Low-Flow Showerhead Flow Rates
Measure Flow Rate (GPM)
2.5
2.0
Baseline Flow Rate (GPM)
4.5
2.5
Ultrasonic Faucet Control. Ultrasonic sensors automatically turn faucet water on and off when
motion is detected at the sink. This eliminates water running continuously while the sink is in
use.
Water Cooled Refrigeration with Heat Recovery. Heat recovery gathers and uses thermal energy
for the water heater that would normally be rejected to the ambient environment.
Water Heater Temperature Setback. This measure reduces the set point temperature from 130°F
to 120°F.
Refrigeration
Anti-Sweat (Humidistat) Controls. This measure enables the user to turn refrigeration display
case anti-sweat heaters off when ambient relative humidity is low enough that sweating will not
occur. Without controls, heaters generally run continuously.
Case Electronically Commutated Motor (ECM). A case fan is one component of a refrigeration
system. ECMs are smaller variable speed motors that operate from a single-phase power source
with an electronic controller in or on the motor. The baseline measure is a standard efficiency
motor.
Case Replacement, Low and Medium Temperatures. Efficient refrigerated display cases
achieve higher performance efficiency and reduce overall energy consumption by incorporating
high performance evaporative fans, such as ECMs, energy-efficient double-pane glass doors,
anti-sweat controls, high efficiency lighting and ballast, such as T8 or LED lamps, and improved
insulation.
Compressor VSD Retrofit. This measure modulates motor speed in response to load changes.
When low-load conditions exist, current to the compressor motor is decreased, slowing the
compressor motor. Baseline is a constant-speed compressor.
Demand Control Defrost, Hot Gas. Evaporator frost reduces coil capacity by acting as a layer of
insulation and reducing the airflow between fins. With hot gas defrost, refrigerant vapor from the
compressor discharge or the high pressure receiver is used to warm the evaporator coil and melt
the frost.34
Evaporative Condenser, High Efficiency. This water cooled measure can cycle a refrigerator
with less energy than a standard air-cooled system.
34
Parker Refrigeration Specialists;
http://www.parker.com/literature/Refrigerating%20Specialties%20Division/90-11a.pdf
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-24
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Floating Condenser Head Pressure Controls. This measure adds controls to float head pressure
temperature down during periods of low load. The base case is a standard multiplex system with
a fixed condensing set point.
Glass Door, ENERGY STAR® Refrigerators/Freezers. Low-E, double-pane thermal glass doors
reduce cooling loses in refrigerated reach-in cases.
High Efficiency Compressors. A component of refrigeration systems, this measure operates up
to 15 percent more efficiently than standard-efficiency compressors.
Night Covers for Display Cases. This measure eliminates wasted refrigeration cooling by
insulating display cases. In addition, it reduces the heating load of buildings by allowing less
refrigerated air to escape and need reheated.
Refrigeration Commissioning or Re-Commissioning. Commissioning ensures that refrigeration
systems are operating in an optimal fashion in order to maximize energy efficiency. Retrocommissioning checks previously commissioned equipment to ensure that it is continuing to run
efficiently. The baseline measure is no commissioning.35
Refrigerator eCube. Refrigerators monitor circulating air temperatures to determine when to
switch on and off. When the refrigerator door is opened, circulating air temperature increases
more rapidly than food temperature, causing the equipment to work harder to maintain the set
point. Instead of measuring air temperature, the eCube, a device with similar heat transfer
characteristics to food, allows the refrigerator to monitor the more stable food temperature,
resulting in less frequent cycling of the compressor.
Solid-Door Refrigerators/Freezers, ENERGY STAR®. This measure is designed with high
efficiency components such as an ECM evaporator, condenser fan motors, hot gas anti-sweat
heaters, or high-efficiency compressors, saving energy compared to standard models.36
Standalone to Multiplex Compressor. This measure consists of multiple compressors drawing
from a common suction header, serving any number of refrigerated display fixtures. The suction
group is controlled to satisfy the lowest temperature required by any of the attached display
fixtures, and therefore the fixtures served by a given suction group usually have similar
temperature requirements. Baseline is a single dedicated compressor system for each
refrigeration load.37, 38
Strip Curtains on Walk-In Refrigerators. This measure reduces the infiltration of warm air into
the refrigerated space by improving the barrier between the refrigerated and the ambient air.
Walk-In Electronically Commutated Motor (ECM). A walk-in fan is one component of
refrigeration systems. ECMs typically have small horse power motors (less than 1 HP) that are
factory programmed to run at certain speeds. ECMs operate from a single-phase power source
35
36
37
38
http://cbs.lbl.gov/BPA/cct.html
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=CRF
http://www.energysmartgrocer.org/pdfs/PGE/BridgeEquipment%20SpecificationTandCs.pdf
http://www.bizlink.com/HPAC_articles/March2007/306.pdf
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-25
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
with an electronic controller in or on the motor. The baseline measure is a standard efficiency
motor.39
Other
Battery Charger, ENERGY STAR®. On average, these battery chargers use 35 percent less
energy than conventional battery chargers, which draw as much as five to 20 times more energy
than is actually stored in the battery (even when not actively charging a product). Battery
charging systems recharge a variety of cordless products, including power tools, small household
appliances, and electric shavers. The baseline is a standard battery charger.40
Combination Oven. This measure uses both dry heat and steam, which are injected into the oven
when the food being cooked needs it. High efficiency combination ovens with 60 percent
efficiency use roughly half the energy of standard combination ovens.41
Cooking Hood Controls. Utilizing sensors and two-speed or variable speed fans, hood controls
reduce exhaust (and makeup) airflow when appliances are not at capacity (or have been turned
off). The baseline for this measure is no hood controls.
Copier, ENERGY STAR®. This measure delivers the same performance as conventional
equipment, powers down when not in use, and averages 40 percent more efficiency. The baseline
measure is a non-ENERGY STAR® copier.42
Deep Fat Fryer, Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE). Commercial, 15 inch CEE rated
electric fryers have a heavy load cooking efficiency of 80 percent or better, and use less than
1,000 watts when idle.43 The baseline is standard electric deep fat fryer.
Fax, ENERGY STAR®. This measure enters sleep mode after inactivity, reducing total power
consumption by 40 percent.44
Griddle, ENERGY STAR®. This measure is approximately 10 percent more efficient than
standard models, and must have a minimum cooking efficiency of 38 percent. They must use less
than 0.026 therm/hour/ft2 when idle. The baseline measure is a standard grill at 32 percent
efficiency.45
High Efficiency Convection Oven, ENERGY STAR®. This measure must meet the specification
requirements of 70 percent cooking energy efficiency and an idle energy rate of 1.6 kW.
Standard electric convection ovens have a 65 percent cooking energy efficiency and an idle
energy rate of 2 kW.46
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
http://www.fishnick.com/publications/appliancereports/refrigeration/GE_ECM_revised.pdf
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=battery_chargers.pr_battery_chargers
http://www.energystar.gov/ia/partners/publications/pubdocs/restaurants_guide.pdf
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=IEQ
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=fryers.pr_fryers
http://www.energystar.gov/ia/products/fap/IE_Prog_Req.pdf
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=COG
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=ovens.pr_comm_ovens
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-26
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
High Efficiency Ice Maker. This measure uses high efficiency compressors, fan motors, and
thicker insulation to achieve 15 percent more efficiency than the baseline measure, which is a
conventional automatic commercial ice maker.47
Hot Food Holding Cabinet, ENERGY STAR®. This measure uses a maximum of 40 watts/cubic
foot. The baseline measure is a conventional holding cabinet.48
Low Pressure Air Distribution Complex HVAC. This under-floor measure introduces air into
occupancy zones at relatively low velocities. The decrease in pressure differentials and, therefore
in air velocity, results in lower energy consumption by the air handlers. The baseline for this
measure is a variable air volume or constant volume HVAC system.
Monitor, ENERGY STAR®. This measure enters sleep mode and consumes less than 2 watts.
The sleep mode needs to be enabled.
Motor, Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE) Premium-Efficiency Plus. These motors (also
known as “super” or “enhanced”) are more efficient than standard NEMA premium efficiency
motors.49 This measure specifically relates to HVAC motors ranging from 1 HP to 200 HP.
Motor, Pump and Fan System: Variable Speed Control. This measure allows pump and fan
motors to operate at a lower speed while still maintaining set points during partial load
conditions. This reduces energy consumption as motor operation can vary with load rather than
frequently cycling on and off at constant speed.
Motor Rewind. This measure follows the Green Motors Practices GroupTM recommendations of
best practices to maintain original efficiency, commonly called a Green Rewind.50, 51 A failed
motor can be rewound to a lower efficiency, rewound to maintain the original efficiency, or
replaced.
Motor: Variable Air Volume (VAV) Box High Efficiency Electronically Commutated Motor
(ECM). High efficiency fan-powered boxes prevent hot and cold spots by maintaining room air
circulation while modulating supply-air temperature to match load. This measure applies to a
motor efficiency upgrade. An ECM powers the fan in each VAV box. An ECM is a brushless
DC motor with electronically built-in speed and torque controls, which allows the motor speed to
adjust for optimal airflow. The baseline assumes a standard VAV with induction motors
including silicon controlled rectifier speed control.52
Network PC Power Management. This software tool intelligently manages computer powers
remotely and automatically across a network overnight, on weekends, and when not in use. This
significantly lowers energy consumption without impacting user productivity, desktop
maintenance, or upgrades. Workstations operating on a local area network or a wide area
47
48
49
50
51
52
Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE); http://www.cee1.org/com/com-kit/com-kit-equip.php3
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=hfhc.pr_hfhc
CEE motor nominal efficiencies are higher than the NEMA federal minimum efficiency levels that became
effective in December 2010. On December 19, 2010, the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act updated
the minimum efficiency standards for motors, and the previous NEMA premium efficiency specifications
became the federal standard.
http://www.bpa.gov/energy/n/industrial/Green_motors/
http://www.greenmotors.org/downloads/RTFSubmittalMay_08%20_2_.pdf
LEED-qualified Justice Center, reported by DCJ.com and the Minnesota Power Incentive Program.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-27
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
network can implement PC power-management policies across a network to maximize energy
savings .
Optimized Variable Volume Lab Hood Design. This measure allows volumetric flow rate to
vary, which causes a constant speed through the duct regardless of sash opening. The baseline
measure is a constant volume lab hood.
Power Supply Transformer/Converter. This measure applies to the 80 PLUS performance
specification requirements for power in computers and servers. 80 PLUS specifies 80 percent or
greater efficiency at 20 percent, 50 percent, and 100 percent of rated load with a true power
factor of 0.9 or greater.53 The baseline assumes an 85 percent efficient power supply (>51 watts).
Printer, ENERGY STAR®. This measure deploys a maximum time delay to sleep depending on
the size of the equipment, which reduces power consumption during periods of inactivity.54
Residential Refrigerator, ENERGY STAR®.This measure uses at least 20 percent less energy
than required by current federal standards.55
Residential Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling. This refers to the environmentally-friendly disposal
of unneeded appliances such as secondary refrigerators or stand-alone freezers.
Residential-Size Refrigerator/Freezer: Early Replacement, ENERGY STAR®. Replacing
equipment before the end of its useful life is advantageous because of significant inefficiencies in
older models.
Scanner, ENERGY STAR®. This measure enters a low power sleep mode after inactivity.56
Server Virtualization. This measure replaces multiple under-utilized servers with one server.
Many data center servers operate at 10 percent capacity or less, allowing their functions to be
consolidated onto one virtual server that operates in the range of 85 percent capacity. This
measure applies to the plug load end use, although it has a savings effect on the cooling load by
reducing power and, therefore, the heat generated by equipment.
Smart Strip. Power strips with an occupancy sensor will turn power to all devices plugged into
the strip on and off, such as computers, desk lights, and audio equipment, based on occupancy
within the work area.
Steam Cooker, ENERGY STAR®. This measure has a cooking efficiency of 50 percent, with
idle energy rates that vary depending upon pan size.57 The baseline efficiency is a standard
commercial steam cooker with 35 percent efficiency.
Vending Machines, High Efficiency ENERGY STAR®. New and rebuilt refrigerated beverage
vending machines are 50 percent more energy efficient than the standard model, through more
53
54
55
56
57
www.80PLUS.org
http://www.energystar.gov/ia/products/fap/IE_Prog_Req.pdf
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=RF
http://www.energystar.gov.au/products/scanners.html
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=steamcookers.pr_steamcookers
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-28
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
efficient compressors, fan motors, lighting systems, and low-power mode options during non-use
periods.58
Vending Miser. This measure senses occupancy and cycles the vending machine cooling off
when no occupancy is detected.
Water Cooler, ENERGY STAR®. This measure provides only cold water and consumes less than
0.16 kWh per day. A unit providing hot and cold water consumes less than 1.20 kWh per day.
ENERGY STAR®-qualified water coolers consume 45 percent less energy than standard
models.59
58
59
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=VMCc
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=water_coolers.pr_water_coolers
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-29
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
6.
May 2013
Commercial Electric Equipment Measure
Descriptions
HVAC
Air or Ground Source Heat Pump (ASHP or GSHP). Electric heat pumps move heat to or from
the air or the ground to cool and heat a home. Table B-2.24 displays the different efficiency
levels we compared for this measure. The baseline size is the same as the measure size.
Table B-2.24. Heat Pump SEER/HSPF Comparisons
Measure Efficiency
ASHP 14 SEER, 8.5 HSPF
ASHP 16 SEER, 8.8 HSPF
GSHP 16.2 EER, 8.8 HSPF
Baseline SEER & HSPF
ASHP 13 SEER, 7.7 HSPF
Centrifugal Chiller. This measure uses the vapor compression cycle to chill water and rejects
heat from the chilled water and from the compressor to a second water loop cooled by a cooling
tower. The advantage of centrifugal compressors is their high flow rate capability and good
efficiency. Table B-2.25compares different efficiencies greater than 300 tons, rated in kW/ton.
Table B-2.25. Centrifugal Chiller kW/ton Comparison
Measure kW / ton
0.55
0.52
0.47
Baseline kW / ton
0.576 (State Code)
0.576 (State Code)
0.576 (State Code)
Direct Expansion (DX) Package. DX systems transfer heat with a refrigerant piping circuit,
compressor, and refrigerant coils. All components are in a single package typically installed on
the building roof. Commercial-sized units are normally rated by their Energy Efficient Ratio
(EER). Table B-2.26 displays the different models compared in this measure.
Table B-2.26. DX AC Unit EER / Advanced Technology Comparisons
kBTU / hr
65 – 135
65 – 135
135 – 240
135 – 240
240 – 760
240 – 760
Measure EER
11.5
12.0
11.5
12.0
10.5
10.8
Baseline EER
11.2 (State Code)
11.2 (State Code)
11.0 (State Code)
11.0 (State Code)
10.0 (State Code)
1610.0
SEER,
8.8Code)
HSPF
(State
16.2 EER, 3.6 COP
Screw Chiller. Screw compressors are positive displacement devices. The refrigerant chamber
actively compresses to a smaller volume by the twisting motion of two interlocking, rotating
screws. Refrigerant trapped in the space between the two rotating screws is compressed as it
travels from the inlet to the outlet of the compressor. A slide valve adjusts the compression effect
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-30
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
by varying the amount of compression that occurs before the refrigerant is discharged. Screw
chillers are generally used for small- to medium-sized buildings. Table B-2.27compares different
efficiencies, rated in kW/ton.
Table B-2.27. Screw Chiller kW/ton Comparison
Tons
Measure kW / ton
Baseline kW / ton
<150
<150
<150
150-300
150-300
150-300
0.71
0.63
0.58
0.65
0.57
0.50
0.79 (State Code)
0.79 (State Code)
0.79 (State Code)
0.68 (State Code)
0.68 (State Code)
0.68 (State Code)
Water Heating
Water Heater, Heat Pump. This measure moves heat from a warm reservoir (such as air) into
the hot water system.60 Baseline and efficient measure EF values are given in Table B-2.28.
Table B-2.28. Water Heater EF Comparisons
Water Heater Type
Electric Storage Water Heater
Heat Pump Water Heater
Measure EF
0.95
2.2
Baseline EF
0.92
0.92
Other
Computer, ENERGY STAR. This measure consumes less than 2 watts in sleep and off modes,
and is more efficient than conventional units in idle mode, resulting in 30 to 65 percent energy
savings.
60
Description source: U.S. Department of Energy;
http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/water_heating/index.cfm/mytopic=12840
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-31
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
7.
May 2013
Commercial Gas Retrofit Measure Descriptions
HVAC (and Envelope)
Automated Ventilation Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) Control, Occupancy/CO2 sensors.
This measure is also known as demand-control ventilation (DCV), where the ventilation system
automatically adjusts air flow when CO2 is above a specified level. CO2 controls maintain a
minimum ventilation rate at all times to control non-occupant contaminants, such as off-gassing
from furniture, equipment, and building components. The baseline of this measure is a
ventilation system that runs constantly.
Boiler Economizer. This measure recovers heat energy that would otherwise be lost out the
boiler stack by using a heat exchanger located on the stack to preheat boiler feed water.
Convert Constant Volume Air System to Variable Air Volume (VAV). TThis measure allows
the airflow volume of a HVAC system to vary the heating or cooling load rather than overconditioning and short-cycling. The baseline is a constant volume system.
Direct Digital Control (DDC) System, Installation. DDC systems allow for both HVAC and
lighting to be controlled and monitored. For lighting, the DDC system allows for direct control
of lights from a remote location. Entire HVAC systems, including pumps, motors, fans, and set
points, can be digitally programmed for tighter control of the system.
Direct Digital Control (DDC) System, Optimization. DDC is also known as an energy
management system (EMS), which allows for digital monitoring and control of HVAC and
lighting systems. The optimization refers to upgrading a high-efficiency energy management
system to a premium efficiency system.
Direct Digital Control (DDS) System, Wireless Performance Monitoring. This secondgeneration building automation systems allows for wireless optimization and operation of
building systems (such as HVAC) through computerized monitoring and control software and
interfaces.
Duct Fittings, Leak-Proof. The majority of duct leakage in residential HVAC systems is due to
improperly sealed connections between ductwork and fittings. Even when duct connections are
initially well-sealed, leakage may increase over time.
Duct Repair and Sealing. This maintenance creates significant energy savings by ensuring
conditioned air only goes to occupied spaces, thereby reducing an excessive runtime/load on the
HVAC system.
Exhaust Air to Ventilation Air Heat Recovery. This measure captures heated air exhausted out
of a building and transfers it to the incoming air, decreasing the overall heating load.
Exhaust Hood Makeup Air. This measure provides exhaust air at the hood instead of allowing
the hood to exhaust conditioned air in the room. The baseline measure is for conditioned air to be
expelled through exhaust hoods.
Infiltration Reduction (Caulking, Weather Stripping, etc.). Sealing air leaks in windows, doors,
the roof, crawlspaces, and outside walls decreases overall heating and cooling losses. This
measure reduces the number of air changes per hour from 1.00 to 0.65.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-32
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Insulation, Ceiling. These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing building
conditions to current state code or from current state code to better than code. Baseline and
measure values are presented in Table B-2.29.
Table B-2.29. Ceiling Insulation Measures
Measure
Baseline
R-38 (State Code)
R-38 (State Code)
R-38 (State Code)
R-49
R-7
R-8
R-11
R-38 (State Code)
Insulation, Duct. Packaged direct expansion and heat-pump equipment are generally coupled
with a ducting system inside the building. Insulating these ducts reduces energy loss to the
unconditioned plenum space. This measure assumes that R-7 insulation is installed where no
insulation previously existed.
Insulation, Floor (Non-Slab). These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing
building conditions to current state code or from current state code to better than code. Baseline
and measure values are presented in Table B-2.30.
Table B-2.30. Floor Insulation Measures
Measure
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-30 (State Code)
R-38
Baseline
R-7
R-8
R-11
R-19
R-30 (State Code)
Insulation, Wall. These measures represent an increase in R-value from existing building
conditions to the current state code value of R-13 + 7.5. The baseline value of R-3 represents the
average existing insulation level.
Programmable Thermostat. This measure controls set point temperature automatically, ensuring
the HVAC system is not running during low-occupancy hours.
Retro-Commissioning. Commissioning ensures that energy-using systems are operating in an
optimal fashion in order to maximize energy efficiency. This commissioning process can be
applied to existing buildings to restore them to optimal performance. Retro-commissioning is a
systematic, documented process that identifies low-cost operational and maintenance
improvements in existing buildings and brings them up to the design intentions.61,62 The baseline
measure is no commissioning.
Sensible Heat Recovery Devices. This measure preconditions incoming air by transferring
energy between the exhaust air stream and the supply air stream. This raises the temperature of
61
62
http://www.green.ca.gov/CommissioningGuidelines/default.htm
http://cbs.lbl.gov/BPA/cct.html
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-33
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
incoming air during the winter and decreases it in the summer. Energy savings results from the
reduced need for mechanical heating or cooling.
Total Heat Recovery Devices. This measure, also called enthalpy recovery, transfers sensible
and latent heat. Latent heat, which is released or absorbed due to a phase change (such as the
condensation of water vapor), significantly raises the outdoor air humidity in the winter and
reduces it in the summer.63
Steam Pipe Insulation. R-4 insulation reduces heat loss from a steam pipe. The loss size
depends on the pipe diameter and steam temperature.
Steam Trap Maintenance. This measure prevents the dirt created by chemical treatments or pipe
scaling from becoming plugged. In most cases, plugging prevents the valve from closing,
allowing live steam to escape into the condensate return line or atmosphere, wasting energy.64
Windows, High Efficiency. This measure increases building performance by reducing the Uvalue, as shown in Table B-2.31.
Table B-2.31. High-efficiency Window Measures
Measure U-Value
0.40 (State Code)
0.40 (State Code)
0.40 (State Code)
Baseline U-Value
0.68
0.67
0.65
Water Heat
Clothes Washer, Ozonating. This measure disinfects water with ozone-enriched air, which
suppresses subsequent biological activity and controls biological growth within the appliance,
thus reducing the need for hot water. The baseline measure is a standard commercial clothes
washer.65
Demand-Controlled Circulating Systems. This measure circulates hot water only when required.
The baseline measure is a continuously circulating hot water system, resulting in energy loss
through pipes.
Dishwasher, Commercial: High Temperature ENERGY STAR®. This measure has a minimal
idle rate, consumes a minimal amount of water per rack of loaded dishes, and is on average 25
percent more efficient than standard high temp commercial dishwashers.66
Dishwasher, Commercial: Low Temperature ENERGY STAR®. This measure uses chemicals
combined with low temperatures to save energy compared to standard high temperature
commercial dishwashers.
63
64
65
66
http://www.mcquay.com/mcquaybiz/marketing_tools/mt_corporate/EngNews/0701.pdf
http://www.steamtraptesting.com/
http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/6607672-description.html
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=COH
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-34
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Dishwasher, Residential ENERGY STAR®. Residential sized ENERGY STAR® dishwashers
are often appropriate for smaller commercial buildings, and are 10 percent more efficient than
the federal minimum standard used as the baseline.67
Drain Water Heat Recovery, Water Heater. This measure recovers heat energy from drain water
and uses it to heat water entering the hot water tank, minimizing the temperature rise required to
achieve the water heater set point.68
Hot Water (SHW) Pipe Insulation. One inch of extra insulation on hot water pipes yields an
approximate R-value of R-4, decreasing temperature losses. This measure is only applicable for
existing construction. The baseline measure is no insulation.
Integrated Space Heating/Water Heating. These systems provide space conditioning and hot
water heating in one appliance/energy source. Domestic hot water is heated directly and space is
heated by a hot water heat exchanger coil piped to the forced air heating system. This
combination space/water heating system provides high efficiency heating for the cost of one high
efficiency appliance.
Low-Flow Faucet Aerators. This measure mixes water and air, reducing the amount of water
that flows through the faucet. It creates a fine water spray through an inserted screen in the faucet
head. Flow rate requirements for this measure are presented in Table B-2.32.
Table B-2.32. Faucet Aerator Flow Rates
Measure Flow Rate (GPM*)
2.2
1.5
* Gallons per minute
Baseline Flow Rate (GPM)
3.0
2.2
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse Spray Valves. This measure mixes water and air, reducing the amount of
water that flows through the spray head. The head creates a fine water spray through an inserted
screen, achieving a flow reduction from 1.6 GPM (federal standard) to 0.6 GPM.
Low-Flow Showerheads. Low-flow showerheads mix water and air to reduce the amount of
water that flows through the showerhead. The showerhead creates a fine water spray through an
inserted screen in the showerhead. Flow rate requirements for this measure are presented in
Table B-2.33.
Table B-2.33. Low-Flow Showerhead Flow Rates
Measure Flow Rate (GPM)
2.5
2.0
Baseline Flow Rate (GPM)
4.5
2.5
Ultrasonic Faucet Control. Ultrasonic sensors automatically turn faucet water on and off when
motion is detected at the sink. This eliminates water running continuously while the sink is in
use.
67
68
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=DW
www.toolbase.org/Techinventory/TechDetails.aspx?ContentDetailID=858&BucketID=6&CategoryID=9
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-35
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Water Cooled Refrigeration with Heat Recovery. Heat recovery gathers and uses thermal energy
for the water heater that would normally be rejected to the ambient environment.
Water Heater Temperature Setback. This measure reduces the set point temperature from 130°F
to 120°F.
Other
Broiler. High efficiency broiler ovens have rigorous start-up, shut down, and turn down
schedules for additional energy savings over standard units. Improved efficiency broilers have an
efficiency of 34 percent, compared to baseline models at 15 percent.
Convection Oven, High Efficiency ENERGY STAR®. This measure must meet the specification
requirements of 70 percent cooking energy efficiency and an idle energy rate of 18,000 Btu/h.
Standard electric convection ovens have a 65 percent cooking energy efficiency and an idle
energy rate of 13,000 Btu/h.69
Fryers, Commercial Gas Cooking ENERGY STAR®. These measures are 50 percent efficient,
and when idle use less than 9,000 Btu/hr.70 The baseline efficiency is 35 percent for a nonENERGY STAR® commercial fryer.
Griddle, ENERGY STAR®. This measure is approximately 10 percent more efficient than
standard models, and must have a minimum cooking efficiency of 38 percent. They must use less
than 0.026 therm/hour/ft2 when idle. The baseline measure is a standard grill at 32 percent
efficiency.71
Oven, Conveyor. A high efficiency conveyor oven is 23 percent efficient, compared to a
standard conveyor oven with 15 percent efficiency.
Oven, Power Burner. A power burner incorporates a larger burner and is often sold on rangeoven combination units. This measure mixes a greater percentage of air to the gas to increase the
overall combustion efficiency of the burner from 40 to 50 percent efficiency to 60 percent
efficiency.
Steam Cooker, ENERGY STAR®. This measure has a cooking efficiency of 50 percent, with
idle energy rates that vary depending upon pan size.72 The baseline efficiency is a standard
commercial steam cooker with 35 percent efficiency.
Swimming Pool/Spa Covers. This measure reduces evaporation, which is the largest source of
pool/spa energy loss. It takes one British thermal unit (Btu) to raise one pound of water by one
degree. Each pound of 80º F water that evaporates takes 1,048 Btus of heat out of the pool.73 The
baseline measure is an uncovered pool or spa.
69
70
71
72
73
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=ovens.pr_comm_ovens
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=fryers.pr_fryers
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=find_a_product.showProductGroup&pgw_code=COG
http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=steamcookers.pr_steamcookers
http://www.eere.energy.gov/consumer/your_home/water_heating/index.cfm/mytopic=13140
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-36
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
8.
May 2013
Commercial Gas Equipment Measure
Descriptions
HVAC
Gas Boiler. Boilers are classified as condensing or non-condensing. Condensing boilers
condense the flue gas and water vapor, extracting useful heat and improving the boiler
efficiency. This measure compares several boilers with different thermal efficiencies and is
applicable to both new and existing construction. The overall efficiency of the boiler is defined
as the gross energy output divided by the energy input, and is affected by combustion efficiency,
standby losses, cycling losses, and heat transfer. Table B-2.34 displays the measure and baseline
thermal efficiencies.
Table B-2.34. Gas Boiler Efficiency Comparison
Measure AFUE
Baseline AFUE
90%
94%
82%
Gas Furnace. Improvements in furnace technology, such as new ignition and heat exchange
design, have led to increased furnace efficiency. The AFUE levels considered in this measure are
shown in Table B-2.15.
Table B-2.35. Gas Furnace Efficiency Comparison
Measure AFUE
90%
95%
Baseline AFUE
80%
Water Heat
Water Heater. This measure has a range of thermal efficiencies as shown in Table B-2.36. High
efficiency models have better insulation, which reduces standby losses.
Table B-2.36. Commercial Gas Water Heater Comparison
Measure Efficiency
0.82 EF
0.90 EF
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Baseline Efficiency
0.67 EF
Appendix B2-37
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
9.
May 2013
Industrial Electric Measure Descriptions
Air Compressor Improvements (Demand Reduction, Optimization, Equipment). These
measures improve the overall compressed air system by improved system design, leak repair,
usage practices, more efficient dryer and storage systems, and compressor upgrades.
Clean Room Improvements (Change Filter Strategy, Chiller Optimize, HVAC). These
measures aim to save energy through improved clean room equipment and practices. Savings are
attributable to optimization of chiller operating parameters, upgrading to more efficient
equipment, and improving filter replacement strategies.
Efficiency Centrifugal Fan. This measure achieves energy savings through improved fan
design.
Electric Chip Fab Improvements (Eliminate Exhaust, Exhaust Injector, Reduce Gas Pressure,
Solid-state Chiller). These measures are general improvements that increase efficiency in the
electric chip fabrication process.
Fan System Optimization. This measure involves the overall optimization of the fan system with
improved system design, enhanced flow design, better maintenance practices, and adjustments to
system parameters.
Food Manufacturing (Cooling and Storage, Refrigerator Storage Tune-up). These measures
maintain and enhance the cooling equipment for each facility type. Tune-ups may include
refrigerant charge, equipment cleaning, general maintenance, and improved practices.
General Process Improvements (Paper: Premium Fan, Paper: Large Material Handling,
Paper: Material Handling, Paper: Premium Control Large Material, Efficient Pulp Screen,
Wood: Replace Pneumatic Conveyor, Metal: New Arc Furnace). These measures include
upgrading equipment, replacing hydraulic/pneumatic equipment with electrical equipment, and
using optimum size and capacity equipment.
High Efficiency Fans (Fan Equipment Upgrade). This measure involves upgrading motors to
higher efficiency. Since NEMA Premium motors are becoming the baseline code requirement in
2010, this measure is based off of super premium motors with efficiency levels at least one
efficiency band above NEMA premium.
Lighting Improvements (Efficient Lighting 1, 2, and 3 Shift; HighBay Lighting 1, 2, and 3
Shift; Lighting Controls). Changes to overall illumination levels, use of natural lighting, or
technology improvements to more efficient bulbs or ballasts will decrease the overall lighting
energy consumption. These measures include upgrades from T12 to T8 systems, T8 to highperformance T8 systems, HID to fluorescent conversions, standard HID to high-efficiency HID
systems, and occupancy and day lighting controls.
Material Handling (Material Handling Variable Speed Drive (VFD) 1 and 2, Material
Handling 1 and 2). This measure includes equipment upgrades (such as to VSDs) and enhanced
system design or practices.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-38
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Motor Rewind. This measure follows the Green Motors Practices GroupTM recommendations of
best practices to maintain original efficiency, commonly called a Green Rewind.74, 75 A failed
motor can be rewound to a lower efficiency, rewound to maintain the original efficiency, or
replaced.
Pump Equipment Upgrade. This measure achieves energy savings through improved pump
design and sizing.
Pump Improvements (Pump Energy Management, Pump System Optimization). This measure
involves optimizing the overall pump system with improved system design, enhanced flow
design, better maintenance practices, and adjustments to system parameters.
Synchronous Belts. This measure contains mating, corresponding grooves in the drive sprocket,
preventing slip and thus reducing energy losses.
Transformers (New & Retrofit). Energy efficient transformers provide improved power quality
while minimizing losses.
Whole Plant Improvements (Fan Energy Management, Plant Energy Management, Integrated
Plant Energy Management, Energy Project Management). These measures include synergistic
savings of plant-wide energy management and improvements across multiple systems such as
compressed air, pumping, and fan systems.
74
75
http://www.bpa.gov/energy/n/industrial/Green_motors/
http://www.greenmotors.org/downloads/RTFSubmittalMay_08%20_2_.pdf
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-39
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
10. Industrial Gas Measure Descriptions
Boiler Improvements. A boiler generally creates steam or hot water for process or non-process
applications. Savings are generated by installation of a waste heat boiler to provide direct power
or use of flue gas heat to preheat boiler feed water.
Boiler Operation and Maintenance. This measure includes analyzing flue gas for proper air/fuel
ration, establishing maintenance schedules, or reducing excessive boiler blow down.
HVAC Improvements. Many measures can reduce a plants’ HVAC energy consumption, such as
conditioning only space in use, installing timers and/or thermostats, lowering ceilings to reduce
conditioned space, and installing or upgrading insulation on distribution systems.
HVAC Operation and Maintenance. These measures include sizing air handling
grills/ducts/coils to minimize air resistance, adjusting vents to minimize energy use, and
maintaining air filters by cleaning or replacing.
Other Process Improvements/Operation and Maintenance. These measures include upgrading
obsolete equipment, reducing fluid flow rates, and using optimum size and capacity equipment.
Process Heating Improvements. These measures decrease the energy required for processrelated heating. Examples include optimizing the drying oven schedule, reducing the temperature
of process equipment when on standby, and modifying equipment to improve the drying process.
Process Heating Operation and Maintenance. These measures improve the a plants overall
energy efficiency. Examples include repairing faulty insulation, adjusting burners for efficient
operation, and eliminating leaks in combustible gas lines.
Steam Distribution Systems. These measures include leak elimination and improved duct
insulation to reduce distribution system loss.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B2-40
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
39
5
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
31
Existing
209
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$576
25%
95%
$2.41
126
10
$93
85%
35%
$0.45
126
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$0.22
16
156
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$0.30
425
Existing
3
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$29.57
10
Per Home
Existing
8
20
$534
75%
75%
$-6.89
44
Per Home
Existing
20
18
$827
50%
60%
$-0.86
54
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
60
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$-0.32
26
Manufactured Cool Central Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
14
15
$33
95%
64%
$-7.11
91
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per AC Unit
Existing
37
15
$5
95%
65%
$-2.75
301
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
23
25
$732
10%
90%
$-2.04
19
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
11
10
$478
25%
95%
$6.24
37
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
27
11
$890
10%
95%
$1.76
29
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
24
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$2.35
19
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Per Home
Existing
7
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$24.61
2
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
59
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$3.08
378
Electric
Manufactured Cool Central Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
29
25
$204
50%
50%
$0.75
79
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
11
10
$93
85%
35%
$1.25
35
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
79
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$0.59
5
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
59
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$0.80
151
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
1
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$86.05
3
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
8
25
$732
10%
90%
$-5.57
6
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-2
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
End Use
Measure Name
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Room AC conversion
to Ductless Heat
Pump
Ductless Heat Pump
Federal Standard
Room AC Federal
Standard 9.8 EER;
8,000-13,999 Btuh
Per Home
Existing
4
20
$2,042
18%
95%
$52.73
7
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
11
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$5.21
8
Electric
Manufactured Cool Room
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
10
25
$204
50%
50%
$2.07
27
Electric
Manufactured Freezer
Stand-Alone
Freezer - Removal
Proper Disposal of
Freezer
Existing Non-Efficient
Freezer
Per Home
Existing
555
8
$30
54%
100%
$0.00
7,049
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
820
5
$576
25%
95%
$0.16
6,000
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
44
30
$127
95%
50%
$0.29
465
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
4,486
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$0.02
736
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
3,546
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$0.04
20,299
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
85
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$2.55
628
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Conversion Electric
Furnace to ASHP
Air Source Heat Pump Electric Furnace
Seer 14 HSPF 8.2
HSPF 1
Per Furnace
Existing
3,223
20
$6,249
65%
95%
$0.20
60,863
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
111
20
$326
25%
95%
$0.31
509
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
217
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.05
2,657
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
49
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.10
397
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
402
20
$534
75%
75%
$0.13
4,258
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
440
18
$827
50%
60%
$0.21
2,421
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
4,723
25
$1,610
20%
25%
$0.02
4,245
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
479
25
$1,610
25%
50%
$0.36
1,044
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
121
25
$429
25%
85%
$0.38
447
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
299
11
$450
75%
50%
$0.21
1,942
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
1,722
30
$1,114
5.0%
15%
$0.05
220
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
287
15
$33
95%
52%
$0.00
2,850
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heater
Unit
Existing
745
15
$430
15%
65%
$0.06
1,647
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-3
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
557
11
$890
10%
95%
$0.23
1,171
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
2,604
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$0.06
3,995
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
517
25
$3,187
50%
85%
$0.67
3,636
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
2,518
25
$3,761
50%
15%
$0.15
3,035
Electric
Manufactured Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
3,080
25
$3,761
50%
5%
$0.12
1,209
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
409
5
$576
25%
95%
$0.34
840
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
24
30
$127
95%
50%
$0.54
87
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
38
10
$93
85%
35%
$0.37
99
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
2,047
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$0.07
115
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
1,437
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$0.11
2,839
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
45
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$4.77
119
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Check Me! O&M
Tune-up
Tune-up/Maintenance
No Tune-up
Maintenance
Per Heat
Pump Unit
Existing
43
5
$204
95%
75%
$1.16
269
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
45
20
$326
25%
95%
$0.80
72
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
89
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.15
384
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
27
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.20
77
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
329
20
$534
75%
75%
$0.17
1,235
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
292
18
$827
50%
60%
$0.32
558
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
1,731
25
$1,610
20%
25%
$0.09
539
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
160
25
$1,610
25%
50%
$1.10
122
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
40
25
$429
25%
85%
$1.17
51
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
164
11
$450
75%
50%
$0.40
373
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
859
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$0.12
243
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-4
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
143
15
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heat
Pump
Existing
385
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
14
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Windows
Electric
Manufactured Heat Pump
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$33
95%
64%
$0.02
617
15
$5
95%
65%
$-0.01
1,996
10
$478
25%
95%
$5.12
29
278
11
$890
10%
95%
$0.47
203
Existing
1,289
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$0.13
685
Per Home
Existing
4
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$48.01
0.67
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
72
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$2.52
299
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
36
25
$204
50%
50%
$0.61
69
Per Home
Existing
203
25
$3,187
50%
85%
$1.72
496
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
871
25
$3,761
50%
15%
$0.47
366
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
1,163
25
$3,761
50%
5%
$0.35
160
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
40
30
$127
95%
50%
$0.32
56
Manufactured Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
3,712
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$0.03
82
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
2,936
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$0.05
2,268
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
70
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$3.08
70
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Conversion Baseboard Ductless Heat Pump
Heating to DHP
HSPF 7.7
Baseboard Heating
HSPF = 1
Per Home
Existing
2,098
20
$2,042
15%
95%
$0.09
899
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
93
20
$326
25%
95%
$0.38
57
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
181
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.06
298
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
44
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.11
48
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
4,570
25
$1,610
20%
25%
$0.02
579
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
440
25
$1,610
25%
50%
$0.39
134
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
111
25
$429
25%
85%
$0.41
57
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
274
11
$450
75%
50%
$0.23
249
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-5
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
Per Home
Existing
2,166
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$0.07
465
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
431
25
$3,187
50%
85%
$0.81
424
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
2,090
25
$3,761
50%
15%
$0.19
352
Electric
Manufactured Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
2,558
25
$3,761
50%
5%
$0.15
140
Electric
Manufactured Lighting
Exterior
Time Clocks (Exterior
Lighting)
Exterior Lighting on a
Time Clock
Exterior Lighting
(Manual Control)
Per Home
Existing
8
10
$16
80%
85%
$0.29
315
Electric
Manufactured Lighting
Interior
Standard
Occupancy Sensors
Wall-Switch
Occupancy Sensors
No Occupancy Sensor Per Sensor
Existing
1
10
$32
20%
95%
$4.17
68
Electric
Manufactured Plug Load
Other
Battery Chargers,
ENERGY STAR
ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Standard Battery
Chargers
Per Device
Existing
12
7
$4
50%
80%
$0.07
321
Electric
Manufactured Plug Load
Other
Smart Strip
Smart Strip
Standard Power Strip
1 Computer or Existing
1 for TV
43
4
$21
50%
85%
$0.14
1,180
Electric
Manufactured Refrigerator Refrigerator/Freezer - Proper Disposal of
Removal of Secondary Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing Non-Efficient
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Home
Existing
481
9
$30
24%
100%
$0.00
7,702
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
59
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
101
14
$209
100%
95%
$-0.22
219
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
95%
50%
$0.39
14
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
363
40
$540
29%
90%
$0.14
230
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
99
9
$2
95%
15%
$-0.00
35
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
105
9
$2
50%
95%
$-0.00
127
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
69
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
364
10
$53
95%
85%
$-0.02
530
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
211
10
$34
95%
5%
$-0.01
18
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
CO2 Heat Pump
Water Heater
CO2 Heat Pump
Water Heater
Federal Standard 2004 Per Unit Each
Storage Water
Heater - EF 0.871
Existing
2,699
15
$6,287
5.0%
100%
$0.29
4,251
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
740
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
101
14
$209
100%
95%
$-0.22
2,721
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
71%
50%
$0.39
132
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Appendix B.3-6
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
Electric
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
Electric
Multifamily
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
358
40
$540
29%
90%
$0.14
Existing
99
9
$2
95%
15%
$-0.00
445
Existing
105
9
$2
50%
95%
$-0.00
1,576
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
845
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
364
10
$53
95%
85%
$-0.02
6,575
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
211
10
$34
95%
5%
$-0.01
225
Cool Central Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
21
10
$93
85%
50%
$0.68
193
Multifamily
Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
50
25
$456
50%
50%
$-2.63
216
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
19
25
$456
50%
50%
$-6.80
79
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
1
25
$73
15%
95%
$-148.19
2
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per AC Unit
Existing
25
15
$5
95%
65%
$-5.79
330
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
16
30
$261
50%
90%
$-10.37
115
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
8
10
$478
2.5%
95%
$9.32
4
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Per Home
Existing
5
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$36.79
2
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
40
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$4.61
404
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Central Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
37
30
$204
50%
50%
$0.57
166
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
7
10
$93
85%
50%
$1.97
56
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
25
25
$456
50%
50%
$-5.26
104
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
10
25
$456
50%
50%
$-12.86
39
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
0.64
25
$73
15%
95%
$-271.94
1
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
5
30
$261
50%
90%
$-29.78
37
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Room AC conversion
to Ductless Heat
Pump
Ductless Heat Pump
Federal Standard
Room AC Federal
Standard 9.8 EER;
8,000-13,999 Btuh
Per Home
Existing
2
20
$1,439
9.6%
95%
$58.46
4
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
0.07
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$-918.36
0.10
Electric
Multifamily
Cool Room
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
13
30
$204
50%
50%
$1.66
55
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
30
30
$50
95%
50%
$0.17
277
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
947
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.04
4,594
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
364
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.13
1,702
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-7
2,817
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Conversion Electric
Furnace to ASHP
Air Source Heat Pump Electric Furnace
Seer 14 HSPF 8.2
HSPF 1
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Electric
Multifamily
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Existing
21
25
$73
15%
95%
$0.36
57
Per Furnace
Existing
1,329
20
$5,071
35%
95%
$0.42
9,201
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
42
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.12
374
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
2,245
25
$579
20%
25%
$0.02
2,052
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
226
25
$579
25%
50%
$0.27
507
Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
272
25
$154
25%
85%
$0.05
1,033
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
378
11
$358
75%
50%
$0.13
2,522
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heater
Unit
Existing
537
15
$430
15%
65%
$0.09
1,026
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
2,136
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$0.04
3,357
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
632
25
$2,272
30%
85%
$0.39
2,712
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
2,540
25
$2,682
30%
15%
$0.10
1,869
Electric
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
3,066
25
$2,682
30%
5%
$0.08
738
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
12
30
$50
95%
50%
$0.44
8
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
37
10
$93
85%
50%
$0.38
25
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
535
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.08
190
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
203
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.24
68
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
12
25
$73
15%
95%
$0.66
2
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Check Me! O&M
Tune-up
Tune-up/Maintenance
No Tune-up
Maintenance
Per Heat
Pump Unit
Existing
42
5
$204
95%
75%
$1.20
47
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
17
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.31
10
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
179
25
$579
25%
50%
$0.35
29
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
215
25
$154
25%
85%
$0.07
60
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
149
11
$358
75%
50%
$0.35
72
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heat
Pump
Existing
273
15
$5
95%
65%
$-0.01
261
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
14
10
$478
2.5%
95%
$5.28
0.52
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
762
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$0.14
87
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Per Home
Existing
2
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$67.74
0.08
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
70
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$2.60
52
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
65
30
$204
50%
50%
$0.32
23
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-8
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Windows
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Pump
Windows
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Electric
Multifamily
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Per Home
Existing
144
25
$2,272
30%
85%
$1.74
45
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
745
25
$2,682
30%
15%
$0.39
41
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
985
25
$2,682
30%
5%
$0.29
17
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
24
30
$50
95%
50%
$0.20
1,225
Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
1,048
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.04
27,180
Multifamily
Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
407
25
$456
50%
50%
$0.11
9,969
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
24
25
$73
15%
95%
$0.32
335
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Conversion Baseboard Ductless Heat Pump
Heating to DHP
HSPF 7.7
Baseboard Heating
HSPF = 1
Per Home
Existing
1,479
20
$1,439
66%
95%
$0.10
121,021
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
35
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.15
1,619
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
1,795
25
$579
20%
25%
$0.02
8,498
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
179
25
$579
25%
50%
$0.35
2,083
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
216
25
$154
25%
85%
$0.07
4,241
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
313
11
$358
75%
50%
$0.16
10,776
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
1,555
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$0.06
12,585
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
458
25
$2,272
30%
85%
$0.54
10,086
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
1,835
25
$2,682
30%
15%
$0.15
6,916
Electric
Multifamily
Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
2,216
25
$2,682
30%
5%
$0.12
2,729
Electric
Multifamily
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clocks (Exterior
Lighting)
Exterior Lighting on a
Time Clock
Exterior Lighting
(Manual Control)
Per Home
Existing
8
10
$16
80%
85%
$0.29
835
Electric
Multifamily
Lighting
Interior
Standard
Occupancy Sensors
Wall-Switch
Occupancy Sensors
No Occupancy Sensor Per Sensor
Existing
1
10
$32
20%
95%
$4.40
180
Electric
Multifamily
Plug Load
Other
Battery Chargers,
ENERGY STAR
ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Standard Battery
Chargers
Per Device
Existing
5
7
$4
50%
80%
$0.17
461
Electric
Multifamily
Plug Load
Other
Smart Strip
Smart Strip
Standard Power Strip
1 Computer or Existing
1 for TV
43
4
$21
50%
85%
$0.14
3,797
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
153
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
1 (MEF
2.0 - 2.19) - Electric
DHW & Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
66
14
$35
15%
87%
$-0.22
56
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
2 (MEF
2.2 - 2.45) - Electric
DHW & Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
98
14
$102
15%
95%
$-0.16
91
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
123
14
$209
15%
99%
$-0.18
119
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-9
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Electric
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
23
14
$75
15%
95%
$0.02
17
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
95%
50%
$0.39
36
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
121
9
$2
95%
15%
$-0.00
112
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
128
9
$2
50%
95%
$-0.00
399
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
173
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
380
10
$45
95%
85%
$-0.02
1,424
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
221
10
$29
95%
5%
$-0.01
48
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
1,881
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
1 (MEF
2.0 - 2.19) - Electric
DHW & Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
66
14
$35
15%
87%
$-0.22
687
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
2 (MEF
2.2 - 2.45) - Electric
DHW & Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
98
14
$102
15%
95%
$-0.16
1,123
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
123
14
$209
15%
99%
$-0.18
1,468
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Electric
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
23
14
$75
15%
95%
$0.02
217
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
58%
50%
$0.39
273
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
121
9
$2
95%
15%
$-0.00
1,382
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
128
9
$2
50%
95%
$-0.00
4,896
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
2,101
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
380
10
$45
95%
85%
$-0.02
17,459
Electric
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
221
10
$29
95%
5%
$-0.01
597
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
64
5
$576
50%
95%
$-1.11
4,415
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
51
10
$93
85%
50%
$0.28
3,160
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-10
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
169
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$-3.15
170
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
63
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$-8.41
1,758
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
2
45
$315
75%
95%
$-317.08
146
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
28
20
$1,336
75%
75%
$-13.38
1,668
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
16
18
$827
50%
60%
$-25.14
495
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
98
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$-5.06
465
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
22
15
$33
95%
63%
$-20.36
1,509
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per AC Unit
Existing
61
15
$5
95%
65%
$-7.64
5,155
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
38
30
$610
50%
90%
$-14.25
1,720
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
19
10
$478
25%
95%
$3.84
662
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
44
11
$890
10%
95%
$-5.78
504
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
25
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$-13.88
222
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$15.16
35
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
97
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$1.89
6,623
Electric
Single Family Cool Central Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
90
30
$204
50%
50%
$0.23
2,481
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
18
10
$93
85%
50%
$0.77
333
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
79
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$-6.77
28
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
34
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$-15.62
344
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
0.86
45
$315
75%
95%
$-732.68
22
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Radiant Barrier
(Ceiling)
Install Radiant Barrier
No Radiant Barrier
Per Home
Existing
14
30
$610
50%
90%
$-39.00
235
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Room AC conversion
to Ductless Heat
Pump
Ductless Heat Pump
Federal Standard
Room AC Federal
Standard 9.8 EER;
8,000-13,999 Btuh
Per Home
Existing
7
20
$3,407
7.6%
95%
$54.30
20
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-11
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
13
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$-26.48
43
Electric
Single Family Cool Room
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
33
30
$204
50%
50%
$0.65
330
Electric
Single Family Freezer
Stand-Alone
Freezer - Removal
Proper Disposal of
Freezer
Existing Non-Efficient
Freezer
Per Home
Existing
555
8
$30
56%
100%
$0.00
71,177
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
1,527
5
$576
50%
95%
$0.08
20,900
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
117
30
$203
95%
50%
$0.17
1,275
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
2,328
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$0.04
503
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
917
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$0.13
5,473
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
26
45
$315
75%
95%
$1.19
416
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Conversion Electric
Furnace to ASHP
Air Source Heat Pump Electric Furnace
Seer 14 HSPF 8.2
HSPF 1
Per Furnace
Existing
3,073
20
$6,835
74%
95%
$0.23
62,205
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
119
20
$200
25%
95%
$0.17
630
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
234
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.05
3,326
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
81
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.06
766
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
1,114
20
$1,336
75%
75%
$0.12
13,809
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
849
18
$827
50%
60%
$0.10
5,388
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
5,267
45
$1,621
20%
25%
$0.01
5,454
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
510
45
$1,621
25%
50%
$0.30
1,299
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
614
45
$426
25%
85%
$0.05
2,645
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
836
11
$596
75%
50%
$0.09
6,321
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
3,208
30
$1,114
5.0%
15%
$0.02
475
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
536
15
$33
95%
28%
$-0.01
2,949
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heater
Unit
Existing
1,151
15
$430
15%
65%
$0.03
2,622
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-12
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
1,038
11
$890
10%
95%
$0.12
2,269
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
6,019
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$0.03
10,683
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
1,286
45
$5,316
50%
75%
$0.40
9,140
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
5,487
45
$6,274
50%
15%
$0.10
7,530
Electric
Single Family Heat
Central
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
6,665
45
$6,274
50%
5%
$0.08
2,966
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
674
5
$576
50%
95%
$0.20
8,732
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
46
30
$203
95%
50%
$0.45
509
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Ceiling Fan
Ceiling Fan (no
lighting kit)
No Ceiling Fan
Per Fan
Existing
75
10
$93
85%
50%
$0.18
873
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
1,111
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$0.10
242
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
432
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$0.29
2,606
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
12
45
$315
75%
95%
$2.55
196
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Check Me! O&M
Tune-up
Tune-up/Maintenance
No Tune-up
Maintenance
Per Heat
Pump Unit
Existing
84
5
$204
95%
75%
$0.59
1,648
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
44
20
$200
25%
95%
$0.49
239
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
89
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.15
1,279
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
32
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.16
306
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
496
20
$1,336
75%
75%
$0.29
6,215
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
476
18
$827
50%
60%
$0.19
3,049
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
183
45
$1,621
25%
50%
$0.87
479
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
220
45
$426
25%
85%
$0.18
977
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
325
11
$596
75%
50%
$0.26
2,523
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
1,416
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$0.07
1,366
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-13
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat
Programmable
Thermostat
Manual Thermostat
Per House
Existing
236
15
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Proper Sizing - HVAC
Unit
Oversized HVAC Unit
Per Heat
Pump
Existing
635
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Solar Attic Fan
Solar electric attic
ventilation
Standard passive
ventilation
Per Home
Existing
28
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
Whole-House
Dehumidifier
No Dehumidifier
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Whole-House Fan
Whole-House Fan
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Window Overhang
Overhangs over
windows for shading
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Windows
Electric
Single Family Heat Pump
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$33
95%
63%
$0.01
3,056
15
$5
95%
65%
$-0.01
10,098
10
$478
25%
95%
$2.63
183
458
11
$890
10%
95%
$0.28
1,028
Existing
2,270
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$0.12
4,110
Per Home
Existing
18
12
$1,372
2.0%
95%
$10.41
9
No Whole-House Fan
Per Home
Existing
141
20
$1,647
50%
95%
$1.29
1,830
No window overhangs
Per Home
Existing
131
30
$204
50%
50%
$0.15
764
Per Home
Existing
335
45
$5,316
50%
75%
$1.56
2,456
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
1,562
45
$6,274
50%
15%
$0.39
2,241
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
2,092
45
$6,274
50%
5%
$0.28
983
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
101
30
$203
95%
50%
$0.20
1,485
Single Family Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
2,499
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$0.04
727
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
992
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$0.12
7,961
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
28
45
$315
75%
95%
$1.09
604
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Conversion Baseboard Ductless Heat Pump
Heating to DHP
HSPF 7.7
Baseboard Heating
HSPF = 1
Per Home
Existing
3,500
20
$3,407
27%
95%
$0.09
29,467
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
94
20
$200
25%
95%
$0.22
670
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
186
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.06
3,538
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
70
6
$25
85%
50%
$0.07
886
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
4,431
45
$1,621
20%
25%
$0.02
6,496
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
427
45
$1,621
25%
50%
$0.36
1,536
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
514
45
$426
25%
85%
$0.07
3,127
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
724
11
$596
75%
50%
$0.11
7,739
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-14
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
Per Home
Existing
4,779
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$0.05
11,983
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
1,023
45
$5,316
50%
75%
$0.50
10,262
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
4,350
45
$6,274
50%
15%
$0.13
8,414
Electric
Single Family Heat Room
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
5,285
45
$6,274
50%
5%
$0.10
3,313
Electric
Single Family Lighting
Exterior
Time Clocks (Exterior
Lighting)
Exterior Lighting on a
Time Clock
Exterior Lighting
(Manual Control)
Per Home
Existing
8
10
$16
80%
85%
$0.29
5,408
Electric
Single Family Lighting
Interior
Standard
Occupancy Sensors
Wall-Switch
Occupancy Sensors
No Occupancy Sensor Per Sensor
Existing
1
10
$32
20%
95%
$3.76
1,168
Electric
Single Family Plug Load
Other
Battery Chargers,
ENERGY STAR
ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Standard Battery
Chargers
Per Device
Existing
13
7
$4
50%
80%
$0.07
3,233
Electric
Single Family Plug Load
Other
Smart Strip
Smart Strip
Standard Power Strip
1 Computer or Existing
1 for TV
43
4
$21
50%
85%
$0.14
11,178
Electric
Single Family Pool Pump
Pool Pump Timers
Pool Pump Timers
Pool Pump No Timers
Per Pool
Existing
291
10
$56
95%
50%
$0.02
1,008
Electric
Single Family Refrigerator Refrigerator/Freezer - Proper Disposal of
Removal of Secondary Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing Non-Efficient
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Home
Existing
481
9
$30
46%
100%
$0.00
164,417
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
235
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
135
14
$209
99%
95%
$-0.17
1,158
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
95%
50%
$0.39
55
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
363
40
$540
29%
90%
$0.14
873
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
142
9
$4
95%
15%
$-0.00
202
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
201
9
$4
67%
95%
$-0.00
1,277
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
265
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
620
10
$68
95%
85%
$-0.01
3,560
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
361
10
$44
95%
5%
$-0.00
121
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes
Washer - Electric
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
237
14
$80
10%
99%
$0.04
2,916
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Electric
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Electric
DHW & Dryer
Per Home
Existing
135
14
$209
99%
95%
$-0.17
14,362
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
12
12
$36
71%
50%
$0.39
520
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
358
40
$540
29%
90%
$0.14
10,691
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-15
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
142
9
$4
95%
15%
$-0.00
2,516
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
201
9
$4
67%
95%
$-0.00
15,844
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
38
5
$23
95%
75%
$0.15
3,247
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
620
10
$68
95%
85%
$-0.01
44,147
Electric
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
361
10
$44
95%
5%
$-0.00
1,511
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-16
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,169
15
$2,875
25%
94%
$0.16
1,561
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,712
7
$2,267
90%
85%
$0.16
4,711
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
6,509
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$0.68
1,969
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
3,254
10
$9,780
10%
80%
$0.47
754
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
5,424
15
$23,958
50%
94%
$0.56
7,250
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,254
5
$11,057
10%
59%
$0.85
483
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,254
5
$2,687
50%
80%
$0.20
2,589
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
542
18
$2,760
45%
65%
$0.59
376
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,169
5
$2,760
10%
75%
$0.32
466
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,775
40
$95,346
3.5%
98%
$5.42
143
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,055
12.5
$322
10%
39%
$0.04
95
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
98
25
$16,780
75%
85%
$18.85
147
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$4,734
25%
98%
$484.80
0.61
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
911
20
$2,224
75%
59%
$0.27
936
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
650
10
$779
95%
26%
$0.18
364
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
167
30
$2,386
75%
55%
$1.51
156
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,079
10
$1,455
90%
66%
$0.11
25
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,737
25
$27,894
15%
80%
$1.13
672
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.68 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,328
25
$60,038
15%
80%
$2.86
562
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,281
15
$2,875
25%
94%
$0.15
316
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
4,176
7
$2,267
90%
85%
$0.10
1,555
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,346
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$0.82
314
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
5,012
5
$11,057
10%
59%
$0.55
169
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
5,012
5
$2,687
50%
80%
$0.13
909
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Appendix B.3-17
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
835
18
$2,760
45%
65%
$0.38
132
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,590
14
$10,430
5.0%
94%
$0.86
40
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,866
40
$95,346
3.5%
98%
$5.15
34
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
3,097
15
$24,113
3.8%
95%
$9.20
47
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,546
12.5
$322
10%
39%
$0.02
31
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,531
25
$16,780
75%
85%
$0.73
859
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
245
25
$16,780
75%
83%
$7.58
77
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
91
25
$4,734
25%
98%
$5.77
11
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,403
20
$2,224
75%
59%
$0.17
311
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
888
25
$8,846
35%
90%
$1.10
138
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
175
25
$2,729
35%
90%
$1.72
27
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,103
25
$10,857
10%
35%
$1.08
18
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,002
10
$779
95%
26%
$0.11
120
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
93
30
$1,294
75%
55%
$1.47
18
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,079
10
$1,455
90%
66%
$0.10
5
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,476
25
$27,894
15%
80%
$1.24
130
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.68 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,632
25
$60,038
15%
80%
$2.52
137
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,077
9.5
$299
20%
95%
$0.03
1,550
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
690
8
$106
75%
70%
$0.02
1,034
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,161
8
$365
90%
75%
$0.05
5,502
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
672
13.69863
$135
75%
95%
$0.02
155
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
582
18.666667
$786
47%
95%
$0.15
1,854
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
622
8
$169
10%
81%
$0.04
325
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
1,225
9
$618
10%
75%
$0.08
496
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
3,340
8
$7,761
30%
84%
$0.41
4,987
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
5,067
8
$979
45%
56%
$0.03
7,138
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-18
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
2,714
8
$741
10%
86%
$0.04
1,335
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
898
8
$979
45%
56%
$0.19
1,449
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
481
8
$131
10%
86%
$0.04
271
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
832
16
$138
95%
50%
$0.01
2,851
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
302
13
$258
95%
98%
$0.11
2,032
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
158
5
$17
70%
94%
$0.02
201
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,725
8
$979
45%
56%
$0.10
802
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
924
8
$251
10%
86%
$0.04
150
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
6
7
$2
20%
20%
$0.07
1
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
66
10
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
90
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
158
4
$2
95%
86%
$0.00
130
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
17
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
23
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
230
4
$57
60%
90%
$0.07
895
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$130
25%
100%
$0.04
750
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,322
15
$2,875
25%
94%
$0.14
726
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,903
7
$2,267
90%
85%
$0.14
1,932
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
3,019
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$1.45
397
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,483
5
$11,057
10%
59%
$0.78
262
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,483
5
$2,687
50%
80%
$0.18
1,406
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
580
18
$2,760
45%
65%
$0.54
204
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,322
5
$2,760
10%
75%
$0.28
223
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
3,483
14
$10,430
5.0%
94%
$0.38
195
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
2,258
12.5
$322
10%
39%
$0.00
103
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-19
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,341
25
$16,780
75%
85%
$0.33
4,015
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
492
25
$16,780
75%
83%
$3.76
308
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
476
25
$4,734
25%
98%
$1.08
115
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
975
20
$2,224
75%
59%
$0.24
424
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,287
25
$8,846
35%
90%
$0.17
1,615
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
984
25
$2,729
35%
90%
$0.29
279
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
10,659
25
$10,857
10%
35%
$0.09
331
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
696
10
$779
95%
26%
$0.16
149
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.68 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
363
25
$60,038
15%
80%
$18.33
34
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$169
5.0%
25%
$0.03
3
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
13,000
10
$1,410
1.0%
85%
$0.01
336
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
3,746
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$1.18
2,401
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
318
15
$76
95%
76%
$0.02
1,433
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
7,960
20
$1,280
65%
75%
$0.01
24,104
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
1,638
15
$4,200
5.0%
77%
$0.32
340
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
203
7
$57
65%
25%
$0.05
179
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
165
10
$3,194
75%
94%
$3.01
261
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$44
24%
25%
$0.43
1
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
678
25
$1,250
5.0%
92%
$0.20
65
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
127
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.03
204
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
44
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.06
23
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
33
12
$25
80%
90%
$0.11
50
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
82
10
$317
75%
95%
$0.53
132
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-20
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
162
10
$3,194
75%
94%
$3.07
252
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$44
24%
25%
$0.43
1
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
678
25
$1,250
5.0%
92%
$0.20
63
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
125
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.03
196
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
43
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.06
22
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
32
12
$25
80%
90%
$0.11
49
Electric
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
81
10
$317
75%
95%
$0.54
127
Electric
Grocery
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
622
12
$105
90%
90%
$0.02
112
Electric
Grocery
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
28
12
$38
35%
35%
$0.19
0.78
Electric
Grocery
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
321
12
$112
95%
35%
$0.04
23
Electric
Grocery
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
759
12
$484
55%
21%
$0.08
19
Electric
Grocery
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
237
12
$28
5.0%
35%
$0.01
1
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
6,872
7
$6,308
90%
85%
$0.18
846
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
8,247
10
$18,145
10%
90%
$0.34
155
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
13,745
15
$66,664
50%
94%
$0.61
1,330
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
8,247
5
$30,771
10%
61%
$0.93
91
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
8,247
5
$7,477
50%
80%
$0.23
474
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,374
18
$7,679
45%
65%
$0.65
69
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
5,498
5
$5,120
10%
75%
$0.23
85
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
657
10
$3,499
64%
85%
$0.83
228
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
4,659
40
$74,689
3.5%
98%
$5.95
26
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
2,096
12.5
$635
10%
39%
$0.04
13
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
250
25
$48,345
75%
10%
$21.44
3
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
2
25
$13,637
25%
85%
$551.15
0.09
Electric
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-21
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,309
20
$6,192
75%
60%
$0.30
171
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,649
10
$754
95%
31%
$0.07
77
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
52
30
$2,494
75%
55%
$5.03
3
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
4,267
10
$2,876
90%
66%
$0.10
3
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6,937
25
$55,125
15%
85%
$0.88
128
Electric
Grocery
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
6,071
25
$18,650
15%
85%
$2.17
110
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
18,273
7
$6,308
90%
85%
$0.06
526
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
21,928
5
$30,771
10%
61%
$0.35
59
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
21,928
5
$7,477
50%
80%
$0.08
310
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
3,654
18
$7,679
45%
65%
$0.24
45
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
13,968
14
$29,025
5.0%
94%
$0.27
27
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,795
10
$3,499
64%
85%
$0.30
149
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
4,496
40
$74,689
3.5%
98%
$6.16
6
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
7,206
15
$15,748
3.8%
95%
$7.33
8
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
10,649
12.5
$635
10%
39%
$0.00
16
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
21,873
25
$48,345
75%
10%
$0.24
66
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,189
25
$48,345
75%
70%
$2.45
46
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1,272
25
$13,637
25%
85%
$1.18
10
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
6,139
20
$6,192
75%
60%
$0.11
109
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
16,614
25
$25,490
35%
45%
$0.16
101
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
3,236
25
$7,862
35%
45%
$0.26
19
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
18,069
25
$27,368
10%
35%
$0.16
24
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
4,385
10
$754
95%
31%
$0.02
48
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
253
30
$5,313
75%
55%
$2.21
3
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
39,470
15
$7,807
25%
95%
$0.02
418
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
4,267
10
$2,876
90%
66%
$0.10
0.86
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,168
25
$55,125
15%
85%
$1.93
13
Electric
Grocery
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
6,742
25
$18,650
15%
85%
$1.95
29
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
2,997
9.5
$834
20%
95%
$0.03
238
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,172
8
$179
75%
70%
$0.02
150
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-22
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Baseline
Description
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Electric
Grocery
Electric
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Existing
3,057
8
$545
90%
75%
$0.03
799
Per Building
Existing
1,141
13.69863
$227
75%
95%
$0.02
22
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,619
18.666667
$2,186
47%
95%
$0.15
285
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,638
8
$449
10%
81%
$0.04
47
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
5,156
9
$1,720
75%
75%
$0.05
884
Grocery
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
13,562
8
$13,172
30%
96%
$0.17
1,343
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
40,036
6
$14,857
95%
80%
$0.06
13,222
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
20,569
8
$2,725
45%
57%
$0.02
1,717
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
11,019
8
$3,011
10%
81%
$0.04
295
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,948
8
$2,725
45%
57%
$0.16
270
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,579
8
$433
10%
81%
$0.04
46
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
1,063
16
$176
95%
50%
$0.01
201
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
386
13
$330
95%
98%
$0.11
143
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
149
5
$9
70%
94%
$0.01
14
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
3,267
8
$2,725
45%
57%
$0.14
114
Electric
Grocery
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,750
8
$478
10%
81%
$0.04
19
Electric
Grocery
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
27
7
$9
20%
20%
$0.06
0.44
Electric
Grocery
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
63
10
$3
95%
20%
$0.00
4
Electric
Grocery
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
440
4
$3
95%
86%
$-0.00
30
Electric
Grocery
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
16
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
1
Electric
Grocery
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
640
4
$163
60%
90%
$0.07
137
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
22,142
12
$34,328
15%
95%
$0.22
1,258
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
31,296
12
$2,687
90%
45%
$0.01
5,054
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
14,486
15
$3,518
100%
77%
$0.02
4,419
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-23
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Compressor VSD
n
Retrofit
VSD Compressor
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Electric
Grocery
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
31,278
15
Existing
2,667
Existing
32,195
Per Building
Existing
Constant Speed
Compressor
Per Building
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Grocery
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$3,386
100%
98%
$0.01
12,223
15
$1,756
100%
98%
$0.08
1,042
10
$26,704
90%
85%
$0.12
9,821
14,570
10
$12,067
90%
85%
$0.12
4,444
Existing
72,351
13
$14,234
60%
77%
$0.02
11,340
Per Building
Existing
8,397
10
$115
95%
68%
$-0.00
2,147
Per Building
Existing
7,747
8
$757
90%
85%
$0.01
1,900
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
4,673
15
$22,986
90%
65%
$0.62
1,085
Grocery
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
No Controller
Per Building
Existing
491
15
$545
90%
85%
$0.13
118
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Floating Condenser
n
Head Pressure
Controls
Floating Condenser
Head Pressure
Controls
No Floating
Condenser Head
Pressure Controls
Per Building
Existing
22,159
15
$7,538
50%
81%
$0.04
2,824
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
477
12
$452
95%
77%
$0.13
138
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
23,137
10
$15,037
85%
72%
$0.10
10,371
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
857
10
$0.00
95%
86%
$-0.02
277
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
20,822
5
$3,319
95%
85%
$0.04
6,704
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
43,520
3
$6,825
95%
85%
$0.06
10,022
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
259
10
$57
75%
95%
$0.03
2,110
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
1,503
12
$-353.1453
95%
81%
$-0.04
459
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Standalone to
n
Multiplex Compressor
Standalone to
Multiplex Compressor
Standalone
compressor
Per Building
Existing
19,675
13
$2,812
80%
90%
$0.01
3,752
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
819
4
$25
95%
20%
$0.01
62
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio VFD Rooftop Unit
n
Supply Fan (Grocery
Only)
VFD Rooftop Unit
Supply Fan (Grocery
Only)
Standard Supply Fan
Per Building
Existing
7,331
15
$2,234
90%
75%
$0.03
1,281
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
995
10
$186
95%
85%
$0.02
320
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
491
15
$545
95%
95%
$0.13
176
Electric
Grocery
Refrigeratio Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
n
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
73,643
10
$29,121
2.5%
94%
$0.06
443
Electric
Grocery
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$128
25%
100%
$0.04
41
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-24
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
Electric
Grocery
Electric
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Per Building
Existing
8,572
7
$6,308
90%
85%
$0.14
170
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
10,287
5
$30,771
10%
61%
$0.74
20
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
10,287
5
$7,477
50%
80%
$0.17
105
Grocery
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,714
18
$7,679
45%
65%
$0.51
15
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
6,858
5
$5,120
10%
75%
$0.18
16
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
10,287
14
$29,025
5.0%
94%
$0.36
14
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
767
10
$3,499
64%
85%
$0.70
50
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
5,229
12.5
$635
10%
39%
$0.01
5
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
16,000
25
$48,345
75%
10%
$0.32
35
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,476
25
$48,345
75%
70%
$3.63
22
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1,427
25
$13,637
25%
85%
$1.05
8
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,880
20
$6,192
75%
60%
$0.23
36
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
15,803
25
$25,490
35%
45%
$0.17
68
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
2,941
25
$7,862
35%
45%
$0.29
12
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
30,748
25
$27,368
10%
35%
$0.09
28
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
2,057
10
$754
95%
31%
$0.05
15
Electric
Grocery
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
514
25
$18,650
15%
85%
$25.63
1
Electric
Grocery
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$170
75%
25%
$0.03
31
Electric
Grocery
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
36,173
10
$3,923
5.0%
85%
$0.01
202
Electric
Grocery
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,119
18
$2,401
95%
65%
$0.24
240
Electric
Grocery
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
699
15
$211
95%
76%
$0.03
171
Electric
Grocery
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
17,484
20
$3,563
65%
75%
$0.01
2,889
Electric
Grocery
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
565
7
$160
65%
25%
$0.05
27
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
485
10
$8,889
75%
94%
$2.85
20
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Average Existing
Conditions
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-25
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Electric
Grocery
Electric
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$44
24%
25%
$0.45
0.05
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
74
12
$44
95%
95%
$-4.35
3
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,932
25
$8,331
5.0%
92%
$0.47
5
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
375
9
$12
95%
75%
$-0.01
15
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
129
9
$9
95%
25%
$-0.01
1
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
644
4
$195
95%
74%
$0.08
26
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
97
12
$102
80%
90%
$0.15
3
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
242
10
$882
75%
95%
$0.54
10
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,106
10
$29,121
55%
94%
$4.10
29
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
476
10
$8,889
75%
94%
$2.91
19
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$44
24%
25%
$0.45
0.04
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
73
12
$41
95%
95%
$-4.43
3
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,932
25
$8,331
5.0%
92%
$0.47
4
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
368
9
$12
95%
75%
$-0.01
15
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
127
9
$9
95%
25%
$-0.01
1
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
644
4
$195
95%
74%
$0.08
26
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
95
12
$102
80%
90%
$0.15
3
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
238
10
$882
75%
95%
$0.55
9
Electric
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,087
10
$29,121
55%
94%
$4.18
28
Electric
Hospital
Computers
Network PC Power
Management
Network PC Power
Management
No Power
Management
Per Building
Existing
3,077
4
$270
95%
30%
$0.02
1,344
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
47
12
$8
90%
90%
$0.02
19
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-26
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
2
12
$3
25%
35%
$0.22
0.10
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
65
12
$22
95%
35%
$0.04
12
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
62
12
$11
7.0%
55%
$0.02
1
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
153
12
$98
15%
21%
$0.09
2
Electric
Hospital
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
48
12
$5
5.0%
35%
$0.01
0.85
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,631
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$0.20
41
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
328
5
$2,896
95%
81%
$2.20
83
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,989
10
$13,368
25%
70%
$1.04
114
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
1,315
15
$31,039
45%
90%
$3.00
172
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
3,289
7
$3,352
90%
85%
$0.20
649
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
7,894
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$0.83
252
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
2,105
7.5
$1,652
10%
94%
$0.10
64
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
3,684
15
$148
75%
35%
$-0.00
295
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
1,052
13
$1,196
75%
75%
$0.15
174
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,947
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$1.03
58
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
3,947
5
$3,971
75%
80%
$0.25
496
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,461
10
$3,500
62%
85%
$0.37
165
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,590
40
$4,066
3.5%
98%
$6.61
14
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,315
12.5
$440
10%
39%
$0.04
13
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
60
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$33.86
1
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$5,166
25%
85%
$436.22
0.07
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
394
15
$348
65%
45%
$0.11
29
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Appendix B.3-27
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
789
10
$1,053
15%
26%
$0.20
7
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
212
30
$3,010
75%
55%
$1.50
22
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
7,885
10
$35,871
25%
98%
$0.71
374
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,854
10
$1,991
90%
66%
$0.10
3
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,320
25
$38,170
15%
60%
$1.27
65
Electric
Hospital
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,844
25
$82,156
15%
60%
$3.20
55
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
3,214
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$0.16
115
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
4,018
7
$3,352
90%
85%
$0.16
1,729
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
9,644
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$0.68
741
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
4,822
10
$9,638
10%
30%
$0.31
106
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
8,036
15
$35,416
50%
94%
$0.55
2,761
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
4,822
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$0.85
160
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
4,822
5
$3,971
75%
80%
$0.20
1,357
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
803
18
$4,079
45%
65%
$0.59
141
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
3,214
5
$2,721
10%
75%
$0.21
177
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,592
10
$3,500
62%
85%
$0.34
448
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,942
40
$4,066
3.5%
98%
$5.41
38
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,607
12.5
$440
10%
39%
$0.03
36
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
73
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$27.72
4
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$5,166
25%
85%
$357.10
0.19
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,350
20
$3,289
75%
60%
$0.27
350
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
964
10
$1,053
95%
24%
$0.17
122
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
144
30
$2,271
75%
55%
$1.66
33
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,854
10
$1,991
90%
66%
$0.10
8
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
4,056
25
$38,170
15%
60%
$1.04
185
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-28
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,474
25
$82,156
15%
60%
$2.62
156
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
3,162
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$0.16
14
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
7,706
7
$3,352
90%
85%
$0.08
478
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
9,863
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$0.66
96
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
9,247
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$0.44
45
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
9,247
5
$3,971
75%
80%
$0.10
385
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,541
18
$4,079
45%
65%
$0.30
40
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
4,503
14
$15,419
5.0%
94%
$0.44
18
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
3,132
10
$3,500
62%
85%
$0.17
127
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,911
40
$4,066
3.5%
98%
$5.49
5
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
4,295
15
$20,863
3.8%
95%
$6.53
11
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
4,503
12.5
$440
10%
39%
$0.01
14
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,510
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$0.44
37
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
607
25
$18,315
75%
70%
$3.34
26
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
351
25
$5,166
25%
85%
$1.62
6
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,589
20
$3,289
75%
60%
$0.13
97
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-19 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,018
25
$9,655
35%
35%
$0.52
20
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
831
25
$2,979
35%
35%
$0.39
8
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
6,901
25
$11,248
10%
35%
$0.17
19
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,849
10
$1,053
95%
24%
$0.08
33
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
145
30
$3,629
75%
55%
$2.64
4
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
16,645
15
$4,148
25%
95%
$0.02
384
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,854
10
$1,991
90%
66%
$0.10
1
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,853
25
$38,170
15%
60%
$1.48
18
Electric
Hospital
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,862
25
$82,156
15%
60%
$2.35
25
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,592
9.5
$442
20%
95%
$0.03
554
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
721
8
$112
75%
70%
$0.02
190
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-29
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Baseline
Description
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Electric
Hospital
Electric
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Existing
793
8
$730
90%
75%
$0.16
896
Per Building
Existing
702
13.69863
$141
75%
95%
$0.02
29
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
860
18.666667
$1,162
47%
95%
$0.15
663
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
480
8
$131
10%
81%
$0.04
59
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
1,547
9
$913
85%
75%
$0.09
1,711
Hospital
Lighting
Dimming-Stepped,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
3-stepped Dimming of
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
11,328
8
$6,080
30%
51%
$0.09
2,740
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
521
6
$193
15%
80%
$0.06
125
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
6,755
8
$1,448
90%
42%
$0.03
3,782
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
4,090
8
$1,118
10%
100%
$0.04
614
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
156
8
$1,448
90%
42%
$1.67
89
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
94
8
$25
10%
100%
$0.04
14
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
949
16
$158
95%
50%
$0.01
787
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
345
13
$296
95%
98%
$0.11
561
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
528
5
$34
70%
94%
$0.01
196
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,554
8
$1,448
90%
42%
$0.10
515
Electric
Hospital
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,546
8
$422
10%
100%
$0.04
83
Electric
Hospital
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
52
7
$18
20%
20%
$0.07
3
Electric
Hospital
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
269
10
$1
95%
20%
$-0.01
89
Electric
Hospital
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
233
4
$1
95%
86%
$-0.00
255
Electric
Hospital
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
23
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
7
Electric
Hospital
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
566
4
$144
60%
90%
$0.07
534
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
288
12
$447
15%
95%
$0.22
71
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
407
12
$34
15%
45%
$0.01
48
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
769
15
$187
5.0%
77%
$0.02
51
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-30
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
16,616
15
$1,800
5.0%
98%
$0.01
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
1,417
15
$932
5.0%
98%
$0.08
2
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Existing
419
10
$347
90%
85%
$0.12
560
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Per Building
Existing
189
10
$156
90%
85%
$0.12
253
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Per Building
Existing
97
10
$61
5.0%
68%
$0.09
5
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Per Building
Existing
100
8
$10
90%
85%
$0.01
124
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
60
15
$299
90%
65%
$0.62
55
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
Per Building
Existing
163
15
$182
90%
85%
$0.13
199
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
10
12
$10
95%
77%
$0.13
13
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
12,291
10
$7,987
85%
72%
$0.10
604
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
47
10
$0.00
95%
86%
$-0.03
67
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
271
5
$42
15%
85%
$0.03
60
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
566
3
$88
10%
85%
$0.06
70
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
624
10
$81
75%
95%
$0.01
107
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
32
12
$-8.5087092
95%
81%
$-0.04
43
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
133
4
$8
15%
20%
$0.01
7
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
528
10
$98
95%
85%
$0.02
745
Electric
Hospital
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
163
15
$182
5.0%
95%
$0.13
13
Electric
Hospital
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$129
25%
100%
$0.04
181
Electric
Hospital
Servers
Server Virtualization
No Virtualization
Per Building
Existing
360
4
$338
72%
85%
$0.30
307
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,145
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$0.24
72
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,681
7
$3,352
90%
85%
$0.24
1,174
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
2,788
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$2.35
201
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,217
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$1.27
116
Server Virtualization
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Controller
Appendix B.3-31
28
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,217
5
$3,971
75%
80%
$0.30
987
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
536
18
$4,079
45%
65%
$0.88
102
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,145
5
$2,721
10%
75%
$0.31
113
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
3,217
14
$15,419
5.0%
94%
$0.62
97
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
993
10
$3,500
62%
85%
$0.54
324
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
2,145
12.5
$440
10%
39%
$0.02
52
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,157
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$0.63
192
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
397
25
$18,315
75%
70%
$5.11
128
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
384
25
$5,166
25%
85%
$1.48
49
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
900
20
$3,289
75%
60%
$0.40
245
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-19 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,945
25
$9,655
35%
35%
$0.54
141
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
812
25
$2,979
35%
35%
$0.40
58
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
11,829
25
$11,248
10%
35%
$0.10
242
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
643
10
$1,053
95%
24%
$0.25
83
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
5,363
10
$35,871
25%
98%
$1.04
678
Electric
Hospital
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
277
25
$82,156
15%
60%
$32.86
12
Electric
Hospital
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$170
50%
25%
$0.03
4
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
19,217
10
$2,084
20%
85%
$0.01
5,064
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
10,964
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$0.59
1,741
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
130
18
$297
95%
85%
$0.26
171
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
931
15
$112
95%
76%
$0.01
1,042
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
23,298
20
$1,892
65%
75%
$0.00
17,519
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
4,796
15
$6,207
8.0%
77%
$0.16
396
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-32
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
300
7
$86
65%
25%
$0.05
65
Electric
Hospital
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Constant Volume Lab
Hood Design
Per Building
Existing
1,461
13
$1,705
65%
59%
$0.15
918
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
3,617
10
$8,285
0.8%
95%
$0.23
9
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
112
7
$42
95%
80%
$-0.75
32
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,195
10
$4,722
55%
94%
$0.61
234
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
19
12
$61
11%
25%
$0.43
0.20
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
115
12
$64
95%
95%
$-2.79
39
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
4,682
25
$12,082
5.0%
92%
$0.28
80
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
924
9
$17
95%
75%
$-0.01
250
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
318
9
$13
95%
25%
$-0.02
28
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
128
4
$39
95%
83%
$0.07
38
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
170
10
$62
95%
73%
$-0.05
44
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
340
10
$51
95%
35%
$-0.09
43
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
239
12
$148
80%
70%
$0.08
48
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
597
10
$1,172
75%
90%
$0.28
153
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
3,553
10
$8,285
0.8%
95%
$0.24
9
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
112
7
$42
95%
80%
$-0.75
31
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,174
10
$4,722
55%
94%
$0.62
225
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
19
12
$61
11%
25%
$0.43
0.19
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
113
12
$64
95%
95%
$-2.84
38
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-33
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
4,682
25
$12,082
5.0%
92%
$0.28
77
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
907
9
$17
95%
75%
$-0.01
241
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
313
9
$13
95%
25%
$-0.02
27
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
128
4
$39
95%
83%
$0.07
38
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
170
10
$62
95%
73%
$-0.05
44
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
340
10
$51
95%
35%
$-0.09
42
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
234
12
$148
80%
70%
$0.08
46
Electric
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
587
10
$1,172
75%
90%
$0.29
148
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
151
12
$26
90%
90%
$0.02
9
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
6
12
$10
55%
35%
$0.21
0.10
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
78
12
$27
95%
35%
$0.04
2
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
184
12
$118
55%
21%
$0.08
1
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
57
12
$6
2.5%
35%
$0.01
0.07
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
476
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$1.16
50
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
297
5
$2,980
95%
81%
$2.51
51
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,800
10
$13,761
25%
70%
$1.19
70
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
1,191
15
$31,953
45%
30%
$3.41
35
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,977
7
$3,450
90%
85%
$0.23
409
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
7,146
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$0.94
157
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
1,905
7.5
$1,700
10%
94%
$0.12
39
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
3,335
15
$152
75%
35%
$0.00
183
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
952
13
$1,231
75%
75%
$0.17
108
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Existing
3,573
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$1.18
37
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-34
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
3,573
5
$4,088
50%
80%
$0.28
224
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,259
10
$3,499
58%
85%
$0.43
98
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
868
40
$64,610
3.5%
98%
$7.51
5
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,191
12.5
$933
10%
39%
$0.11
8
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
54
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$23.22
1
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$3,208
25%
85%
$299.23
0.04
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
357
15
$359
65%
45%
$0.12
19
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
714
10
$1,749
15%
26%
$0.38
5
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
482
30
$4,707
75%
55%
$1.03
35
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
7,653
10
$36,924
25%
98%
$0.75
236
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
6,237
10
$4,221
90%
66%
$0.10
5
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,005
25
$80,903
15%
50%
$2.98
34
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,630
25
$74,129
15%
50%
$7.35
29
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
585
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$0.95
39
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
3,659
7
$3,450
90%
85%
$0.18
258
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
8,783
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$0.77
125
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
4,391
10
$9,923
10%
30%
$0.35
18
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
7,319
15
$36,458
50%
94%
$0.63
465
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
4,391
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$0.96
27
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
4,391
5
$4,088
50%
80%
$0.23
166
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
731
18
$4,198
45%
65%
$0.67
24
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,927
5
$2,799
10%
75%
$0.24
29
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-35
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Electric
Hotel Motel
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Per Building
Existing
1,372
10
$3,499
58%
85%
$0.39
72
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,067
40
$64,610
3.5%
98%
$6.11
4
Hotel Occupancy
Control System
Includes multiple hotel
control schemes
including: Key card
system, room
occupancy sensors,
and front desk control
to control room HVAC
and lighting during
non-occupied periods
325 sqft room,
$100/room; No HVAC
or lighting occupancy
controls
Per Building
Existing
34,504
15
$6,783
60%
97%
$0.02
416
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,463
12.5
$933
10%
39%
$0.09
5
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
66
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$18.89
1
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$3,208
25%
85%
$243.46
0.02
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,229
20
$3,386
75%
60%
$0.30
52
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
878
10
$1,749
95%
31%
$0.31
24
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
225
30
$2,437
75%
55%
$1.14
8
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
6,237
10
$4,221
90%
66%
$0.10
3
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,694
25
$80,903
15%
50%
$2.43
22
Electric
Hotel Motel
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,233
25
$74,129
15%
50%
$5.98
19
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
551
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$1.00
59
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
8,310
7
$3,450
90%
85%
$0.08
1,044
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
10,637
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$0.63
243
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
9,972
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$0.42
117
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
9,972
5
$4,088
50%
80%
$0.10
708
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,662
18
$4,198
45%
65%
$0.29
103
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
5,839
14
$15,872
5.0%
94%
$0.35
57
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
3,065
10
$3,499
58%
85%
$0.17
306
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,004
40
$64,610
3.5%
98%
$6.49
7
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Existing
3,741
15
$27,360
3.8%
95%
$7.72
19
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-36
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Hotel Occupancy
Control System
Includes multiple hotel
control schemes
including: Key card
system, room
occupancy sensors,
and front desk control
to control room HVAC
and lighting during
non-occupied periods
325 sqft room,
$100/room; No HVAC
or lighting occupancy
controls
Per Building
Existing
34,504
15
$6,783
60%
97%
$0.02
1,766
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
5,839
12.5
$933
10%
39%
$0.02
40
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,425
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$0.28
146
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
597
25
$11,371
75%
70%
$2.11
54
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
425
25
$3,208
25%
85%
$0.83
15
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,792
20
$3,386
75%
60%
$0.13
217
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
7,704
25
$5,995
35%
45%
$0.08
206
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
1,096
25
$1,850
35%
45%
$0.18
28
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
14,781
25
$17,675
10%
35%
$0.12
86
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,994
10
$1,749
95%
31%
$0.13
97
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
313
30
$5,677
75%
55%
$1.91
21
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
6,237
10
$4,221
90%
66%
$0.10
5
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,002
25
$80,903
15%
50%
$4.48
22
Electric
Hotel Motel
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,411
25
$74,129
15%
50%
$5.66
37
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,639
9.5
$456
20%
95%
$0.03
326
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
568
8
$87
75%
70%
$0.02
128
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,819
8
$365
90%
75%
$0.03
1,180
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
553
13.69863
$111
75%
95%
$0.02
19
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
885
18.666667
$1,195
47%
95%
$0.15
390
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
563
8
$153
10%
81%
$0.04
37
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
1,004
9
$940
85%
75%
$0.15
196
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,114
8
$6,389
30%
92%
$1.03
250
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,925
8
$1,490
90%
58%
$0.09
1,175
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
905
8
$248
10%
100%
$0.04
67
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
101
8
$1,490
90%
58%
$2.65
47
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Existing
31
8
$8
10%
100%
$0.04
2
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-37
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
192
16
$31
95%
50%
$0.01
91
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
70
13
$59
95%
98%
$0.11
65
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
255
5
$13
70%
94%
$0.01
48
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
9,650
8
$1,490
90%
58%
$0.02
1,382
Electric
Hotel Motel
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
2,986
8
$816
10%
100%
$0.04
79
Electric
Hotel Motel
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
11
7
$3
20%
20%
$0.05
0.47
Electric
Hotel Motel
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
49
10
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
9
Electric
Hotel Motel
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
240
4
$3
95%
86%
$0.00
33
Electric
Hotel Motel
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
38
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
7
Electric
Hotel Motel
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
437
4
$111
60%
90%
$0.07
236
Electric
Hotel Motel
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$129
25%
100%
$0.04
103
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,405
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$0.39
196
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
8,781
7
$3,450
90%
85%
$0.07
1,352
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
9,132
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$0.73
271
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
10,538
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$0.39
159
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
10,538
5
$4,088
50%
80%
$0.09
966
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,756
18
$4,198
45%
65%
$0.27
140
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
7,025
5
$2,799
10%
75%
$0.09
153
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
10,538
14
$15,872
5.0%
94%
$0.19
134
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
2,890
10
$3,499
58%
85%
$0.18
417
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-38
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Hotel Occupancy
Control System
Includes multiple hotel
control schemes
including: Key card
system, room
occupancy sensors,
and front desk control
to control room HVAC
and lighting during
non-occupied periods
325 sqft room,
$100/room; No HVAC
or lighting occupancy
controls
Per Building
Existing
34,504
15
$6,783
60%
97%
$0.01
2,406
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
7,025
12.5
$933
10%
39%
$0.01
62
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
7,837
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$0.15
335
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
986
25
$11,371
75%
70%
$1.27
115
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
953
25
$3,208
25%
85%
$0.36
44
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,950
20
$3,386
75%
60%
$0.12
292
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
16,626
25
$5,995
35%
45%
$0.03
567
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
2,129
25
$1,850
35%
45%
$0.09
70
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
49,572
25
$17,675
10%
35%
$0.03
360
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
2,107
10
$1,749
95%
31%
$0.12
125
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
17,563
10
$36,924
25%
98%
$0.32
781
Electric
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
526
25
$74,129
15%
50%
$36.73
6
Electric
Hotel Motel
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$169
90%
25%
$0.03
13
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
19,782
10
$2,145
20%
85%
$0.01
1,731
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
6,811
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$0.99
597
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,119
18
$5,250
95%
45%
$0.54
429
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
578
15
$115
95%
76%
$0.02
353
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
14,474
20
$1,948
65%
75%
$0.01
5,945
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
2,979
15
$6,389
5.0%
77%
$0.27
84
Electric
Hotel Motel
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
309
7
$87
65%
25%
$0.05
36
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
4,596
10
$8,285
1.8%
95%
$0.15
13
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-39
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1,050
7
$401
95%
80%
$-0.02
140
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,519
10
$4,861
55%
80%
$0.49
114
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
32
12
$101
24%
25%
$0.43
0.35
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
256
12
$146
95%
95%
$-1.21
40
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
6,099
25
$11,458
5.0%
92%
$0.20
46
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,174
9
$69
95%
75%
$0.00
147
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
405
9
$59
95%
25%
$0.02
16
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
644
4
$195
95%
93%
$0.08
100
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
5,530
10
$1,591
95%
73%
$0.03
677
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
11,060
10
$1,324
95%
35%
$0.01
649
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
303
12
$139
80%
90%
$0.06
30
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
759
10
$4,831
75%
85%
$0.98
85
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
4,513
10
$8,285
1.8%
95%
$0.16
13
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1,050
7
$401
95%
80%
$-0.02
138
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,492
10
$4,861
55%
80%
$0.50
110
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
32
12
$101
24%
25%
$0.43
0.34
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
252
12
$143
95%
95%
$-1.24
39
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
6,099
25
$11,458
5.0%
92%
$0.20
44
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,153
9
$69
95%
75%
$0.00
142
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
397
9
$59
95%
25%
$0.02
16
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
644
4
$195
95%
93%
$0.08
98
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
5,530
10
$1,591
95%
73%
$0.03
664
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-40
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
11,060
10
$1,324
95%
35%
$0.01
637
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
298
12
$139
80%
90%
$0.06
29
Electric
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
746
10
$4,831
75%
85%
$1.00
82
Electric
Office
Computers
Network PC Power
Management
Network PC Power
Management
No Power
Management
Per Building
Existing
5,455
4
$446
95%
30%
$0.02
23,818
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,517
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$0.19
5,960
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
314
5
$2,640
95%
81%
$2.10
753
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,903
10
$12,189
25%
70%
$1.00
1,029
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
1,258
15
$28,301
45%
45%
$2.86
777
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
3,146
7
$3,056
90%
85%
$0.19
6,036
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
7,552
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$0.79
2,308
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
2,013
7.5
$1,508
10%
94%
$0.10
582
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
3,524
15
$134
75%
35%
$0.00
2,688
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
1,006
13
$1,090
75%
75%
$0.14
1,585
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,776
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$0.99
574
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,776
5
$3,622
75%
80%
$0.24
4,508
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,384
40
$86,347
3.5%
98%
$6.30
120
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,258
12.5
$502
10%
39%
$0.05
123
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
57
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$29.37
4
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$4,286
25%
65%
$378.36
0.51
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
377
15
$318
65%
45%
$0.10
278
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
755
10
$1,158
15%
26%
$0.24
73
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
245
30
$1,979
75%
55%
$0.85
253
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-41
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
6,277
10
$32,704
25%
98%
$0.81
3,485
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,692
10
$2,275
90%
66%
$0.13
33
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,176
25
$43,618
15%
95%
$1.52
959
Electric
Office
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.6 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,897
25
$93,882
15%
95%
$3.59
859
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,369
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$0.20
10,185
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,962
7
$3,056
90%
85%
$0.20
9,629
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
7,109
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$0.84
4,077
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
3,554
10
$8,788
10%
20%
$0.38
390
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
5,924
15
$32,291
50%
94%
$0.69
15,147
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,554
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$1.05
948
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,554
5
$3,622
75%
80%
$0.25
7,441
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
592
18
$3,720
45%
65%
$0.73
773
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,369
5
$2,480
10%
75%
$0.26
973
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,303
40
$86,347
3.5%
98%
$6.69
197
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,184
12.5
$502
10%
39%
$0.06
202
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
54
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$31.20
7
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$4,286
25%
65%
$401.94
0.84
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
995
20
$2,998
75%
59%
$0.33
1,926
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
710
10
$1,158
95%
26%
$0.25
750
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
595
30
$5,313
75%
55%
$0.94
1,050
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,692
10
$2,275
90%
66%
$0.13
61
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,989
25
$43,618
15%
95%
$1.62
1,630
Electric
Office
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.6 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,727
25
$93,882
15%
95%
$3.82
1,460
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,416
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$0.20
6,924
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
5,824
7
$3,056
90%
85%
$0.10
15,052
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-42
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Electric
Office
Electric
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Per Building
Existing
7,455
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$0.80
2,954
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
6,989
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$0.53
1,497
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
6,989
5
$3,622
75%
80%
$0.13
11,748
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,164
18
$3,720
45%
65%
$0.37
1,220
Office
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
3,364
14
$14,059
5.0%
94%
$0.54
560
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,328
40
$86,347
3.5%
98%
$6.56
160
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
3,281
15
$1,376
3.8%
95%
$7.80
350
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
3,364
12.5
$502
10%
39%
$0.02
459
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,221
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$0.52
339
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
433
25
$15,196
75%
50%
$3.89
570
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
260
25
$4,286
25%
65%
$1.82
147
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,957
20
$2,998
75%
59%
$0.16
3,012
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,123
25
$8,011
35%
15%
$0.28
562
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
611
25
$2,471
35%
15%
$0.44
109
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,636
25
$16,510
10%
35%
$0.32
673
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,397
10
$1,158
95%
26%
$0.12
1,163
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
240
30
$2,387
75%
55%
$1.05
334
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
2,692
10
$2,275
90%
66%
$0.13
48
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,199
25
$43,618
15%
95%
$2.20
954
Electric
Office
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.6 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,673
25
$93,882
15%
95%
$3.89
1,151
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,451
9.5
$403
20%
95%
$0.03
5,052
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
657
8
$100
75%
70%
$0.02
1,519
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
608
8
$366
90%
75%
$0.10
6,837
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
640
13.69863
$128
75%
95%
$0.02
233
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
784
18.666667
$1,059
47%
95%
$0.15
6,044
Electric
Office
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
385
8
$105
10%
81%
$0.04
469
Electric
Office
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
1,178
9
$833
85%
75%
$0.11
8,920
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Constant Volume Air
System
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-43
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Office
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
7,195
8
$7,384
30%
78%
$0.18
24,232
Electric
Office
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
3,693
8
$1,320
90%
42%
$0.06
18,402
Electric
Office
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
2,338
8
$639
10%
88%
$0.04
2,790
Electric
Office
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
142
8
$1,320
90%
42%
$1.67
819
Electric
Office
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
90
8
$24
10%
88%
$0.04
124
Electric
Office
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
192
16
$32
95%
50%
$0.01
1,596
Electric
Office
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
70
13
$60
95%
98%
$0.11
1,138
Electric
Office
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
63
5
$7
70%
94%
$0.03
203
Electric
Office
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
587
8
$1,320
90%
42%
$0.40
1,019
Electric
Office
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
371
8
$100
10%
88%
$0.04
154
Electric
Office
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
5
7
$1
20%
20%
$0.05
3
Electric
Office
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
427
10
$1
95%
20%
$-0.01
1,415
Electric
Office
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
213
4
$1
95%
86%
$-0.00
252
Electric
Office
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
25
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
85
Electric
Office
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
1,033
4
$262
60%
90%
$0.07
9,733
Electric
Office
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$130
25%
100%
$0.04
1,813
Electric
Office
Servers
Server Virtualization
No Virtualization
Per Building
Existing
360
4
$338
72%
85%
$0.29
3,072
Electric
Office
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
4,978
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$0.09
21,028
Electric
Office
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
6,222
7
$3,056
90%
85%
$0.09
22,027
Electric
Office
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
6,471
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$0.92
3,647
Electric
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
7,467
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$0.50
2,265
Electric
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
7,467
5
$3,622
75%
80%
$0.12
17,772
Electric
Office
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,244
18
$3,720
45%
65%
$0.34
1,846
Server Virtualization
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-44
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Office
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
4,978
5
$2,480
10%
75%
$0.12
2,051
Electric
Office
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
7,467
14
$14,059
5.0%
94%
$0.24
1,760
Electric
Office
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
4,978
12.5
$502
10%
39%
$0.01
960
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
6,996
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$0.23
1,041
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
880
25
$15,196
75%
50%
$1.91
1,631
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
851
25
$4,286
25%
65%
$0.55
678
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,090
20
$2,998
75%
59%
$0.15
4,507
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
9,747
25
$8,011
35%
15%
$0.08
2,457
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
1,814
25
$2,471
35%
15%
$0.14
452
Electric
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
28,883
25
$16,510
10%
35%
$0.05
4,795
Electric
Office
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,493
10
$1,158
95%
26%
$0.11
1,699
Electric
Office
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
12,445
10
$32,704
25%
98%
$0.40
12,718
Electric
Office
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$170
10%
25%
$0.03
46
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
17,521
10
$1,900
20%
85%
$0.01
11,980
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
2,849
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$2.10
4,134
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
242
15
$102
95%
76%
$0.05
2,468
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
6,055
20
$1,725
65%
75%
$0.02
41,492
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
1,246
15
$5,659
11%
77%
$0.57
1,291
Electric
Office
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
273
7
$79
65%
25%
$0.05
545
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
363
10
$4,305
55%
80%
$1.84
1,046
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
21
12
$66
8.1%
25%
$0.43
2
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,501
25
$2,083
5.0%
92%
$0.15
428
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-45
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
280
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
96
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
25
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
51
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
Electric
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Electric
Office
Electric
$6
95%
75%
$-0.02
1,309
9
$4
95%
25%
$-0.05
150
10
$13
95%
73%
$-0.38
116
10
$12
95%
35%
$-0.43
111
72
12
$24
80%
30%
$0.04
110
Existing
181
10
$428
75%
85%
$0.31
758
Per Building
Existing
357
10
$4,305
55%
80%
$1.88
1,009
Per Building
Existing
21
12
$66
8.1%
25%
$0.43
2
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,501
25
$2,083
5.0%
92%
$0.15
412
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
275
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.02
1,262
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
95
9
$4
95%
25%
$-0.04
145
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
25
10
$13
95%
73%
$-0.38
114
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
51
10
$12
95%
35%
$-0.43
109
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
71
12
$24
80%
30%
$0.04
106
Electric
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
178
10
$428
75%
85%
$0.32
731
Electric
Other
Computers
Network PC Power
Management
Network PC Power
Management
No Power
Management
Per Building
Existing
969
4
$84
95%
30%
$0.02
2,763
Electric
Other
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
90
12
$15
90%
90%
$0.02
447
Electric
Other
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
5
12
$8
35%
35%
$0.20
4
Electric
Other
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
46
12
$16
95%
35%
$0.04
94
Electric
Other
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
110
12
$70
15%
21%
$0.08
21
Electric
Other
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
34
12
$3
5.0%
35%
$0.01
6
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,768
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$0.21
536
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
221
5
$2,043
95%
81%
$2.31
104
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,337
10
$10,617
25%
70%
$1.24
142
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
9
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-46
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
884
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,210
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,306
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
1,414
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Electric
Other
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
$24,650
45%
30%
$3.54
71
7
$2,366
90%
85%
$0.21
822
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$0.87
319
7.5
$1,312
10%
94%
$0.12
80
2,476
15
$118
75%
35%
$0.00
373
Existing
707
13
$950
75%
75%
$0.18
220
Per Building
Existing
2,653
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$1.09
94
Per Building
Existing
2,653
5
$2,804
50%
80%
$0.26
455
Per Building
Existing
440
10
$3,499
100%
85%
$1.24
345
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,448
40
$99,561
3.5%
98%
$6.94
24
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
578
12.5
$172
10%
39%
$0.04
10
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
40
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$48.20
4
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.88
25
$4,943
25%
85%
$621.00
0.09
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
265
15
$246
65%
45%
$0.11
37
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
530
10
$778
15%
26%
$0.23
9
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
109
30
$4,049
75%
55%
$3.91
21
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
5,340
10
$25,319
25%
98%
$0.74
474
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
1,063
10
$777
90%
66%
$0.11
2
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,231
25
$14,893
15%
70%
$0.74
96
Electric
Other
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,953
25
$32,054
15%
70%
$1.82
83
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,213
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$0.17
3,073
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,767
7
$2,366
90%
85%
$0.17
4,540
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
15
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-47
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
6,641
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$0.69
1,885
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
3,320
10
$7,655
10%
70%
$0.36
634
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
5,534
15
$24,999
50%
94%
$0.57
6,977
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
3,320
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$0.87
514
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
3,320
5
$2,804
50%
80%
$0.21
2,489
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
553
18
$2,880
45%
65%
$0.60
362
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
2,213
5
$2,159
10%
75%
$0.24
448
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
480
10
$3,499
5.0%
85%
$1.13
93
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,813
40
$99,561
3.5%
98%
$5.54
137
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
723
12.5
$172
10%
39%
$0.03
61
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
50
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$38.51
25
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$4,943
25%
85%
$496.13
0.51
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
929
20
$2,320
75%
59%
$0.27
902
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
664
10
$778
95%
28%
$0.18
387
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
64
30
$2,438
75%
55%
$3.99
57
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
1,063
10
$777
90%
66%
$0.11
12
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,793
25
$14,893
15%
70%
$0.59
566
Electric
Other
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,444
25
$32,054
15%
70%
$1.45
489
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
2,160
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$0.17
880
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
4,512
7
$2,366
90%
85%
$0.10
2,498
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,775
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$0.80
490
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
5,414
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$0.53
294
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
5,414
5
$2,804
50%
80%
$0.12
1,422
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
902
18
$2,880
45%
65%
$0.36
207
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
2,174
14
$10,883
5.0%
94%
$0.65
79
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-48
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Electric
Other
Electric
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Per Building
Existing
822
10
$3,499
5.0%
85%
$0.66
53
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,769
40
$99,561
3.5%
98%
$5.68
46
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
2,933
15
$75,392
3.8%
95%
$7.60
67
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,421
12.5
$172
10%
39%
$0.01
42
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,504
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$0.77
433
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
336
25
$17,522
75%
70%
$5.78
133
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
143
25
$4,943
25%
85%
$3.81
23
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,516
20
$2,320
75%
59%
$0.16
503
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,173
25
$9,238
35%
50%
$0.46
281
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
314
25
$2,849
35%
50%
$1.00
40
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,900
25
$8,620
10%
35%
$0.49
48
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
1,082
10
$778
95%
28%
$0.10
213
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
142
30
$5,313
75%
55%
$3.95
42
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
9,746
15
$3,294
25%
95%
$0.03
2,006
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
1,063
10
$777
90%
66%
$0.11
4
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,176
25
$14,893
15%
70%
$0.75
149
Electric
Other
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,522
25
$32,054
15%
70%
$1.40
171
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
1,124
9.5
$313
20%
95%
$0.03
2,554
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
705
8
$108
75%
70%
$0.02
1,891
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,343
8
$365
90%
75%
$0.04
10,060
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
687
13.69863
$138
75%
95%
$0.02
284
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
607
18.666667
$820
47%
95%
$0.15
3,055
Electric
Other
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
719
8
$197
10%
81%
$0.04
596
Electric
Other
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
660
9
$644
25%
75%
$0.16
1,075
Electric
Other
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
4,539
8
$7,931
30%
84%
$0.31
10,791
Electric
Other
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
147
6
$55
10%
80%
$0.06
139
Electric
Other
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,754
8
$1,022
90%
52%
$0.06
11,281
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-49
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Other
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,475
8
$402
10%
100%
$0.04
1,285
Electric
Other
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
971
8
$1,022
90%
52%
$0.18
4,631
Electric
Other
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
520
8
$142
10%
100%
$0.04
527
Electric
Other
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
337
16
$56
95%
50%
$0.01
1,828
Electric
Other
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
122
13
$105
95%
98%
$0.11
1,303
Electric
Other
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
151
5
$17
70%
94%
$0.03
316
Electric
Other
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
826
8
$1,022
90%
52%
$0.22
1,169
Electric
Other
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
442
8
$120
10%
100%
$0.04
133
Electric
Other
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
6
7
$2
20%
20%
$0.07
2
Electric
Other
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
44
10
$1
95%
20%
$-0.00
95
Electric
Other
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
165
4
$2
95%
86%
$0.00
191
Electric
Other
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
17
6
$1
95%
20%
$0.01
37
Electric
Other
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
240
4
$60
60%
90%
$0.07
1,476
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
81
12
$126
15%
95%
$0.22
132
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
115
12
$9
15%
45%
$0.01
88
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
543
15
$131
2.5%
77%
$0.02
118
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
11,729
15
$1,269
2.5%
98%
$0.01
65
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
1,000
15
$657
2.5%
98%
$0.08
5
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Existing
118
10
$98
90%
85%
$0.12
1,031
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Per Building
Existing
53
10
$44
90%
85%
$0.12
466
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Compressor VSD
n
Retrofit
VSD Compressor
Constant Speed
Compressor
Per Building
Existing
154
13
$52
60%
77%
$0.04
717
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Per Building
Existing
17
10
$43
5.0%
68%
$0.37
6
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Per Building
Existing
28
8
$2
90%
85%
$0.01
208
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
17
15
$84
90%
65%
$0.62
66
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
Existing
163
15
$181
90%
85%
$0.13
1,175
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Controller
Per Building
Appendix B.3-50
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Floating Condenser
n
Head Pressure
Controls
Per Building
Existing
81
15
$27
50%
81%
$0.04
280
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
2
12
$2
95%
77%
$0.12
22
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
9,761
10
$6,343
85%
72%
$0.10
591
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
47
10
$0.00
95%
86%
$-0.02
440
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
76
5
$13
5.0%
85%
$0.04
37
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
160
3
$25
5.0%
85%
$0.06
51
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
188
10
$59
75%
95%
$0.04
128
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
8
12
$-2.3914952
95%
81%
$-0.05
74
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Standalone to
n
Multiplex Compressor
Standalone to
Multiplex Compressor
Standalone
compressor
Per Building
Existing
37
13
$5
2.5%
90%
$0.01
6
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
133
4
$8
5.0%
20%
$0.01
15
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio VFD Rooftop Unit
n
Supply Fan (Grocery
Only)
VFD Rooftop Unit
Supply Fan (Grocery
Only)
Standard Supply Fan
Per Building
Existing
366
15
$111
25%
95%
$0.03
638
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
373
10
$70
95%
85%
$0.02
3,432
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
163
15
$181
2.5%
95%
$0.13
44
Electric
Other
Refrigeratio Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
n
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
1
10
$106
2.5%
94%
$10.76
0.15
Electric
Other
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$130
25%
100%
$0.04
1,184
Electric
Other
Servers
Server Virtualization
No Virtualization
Per Building
Existing
360
4
$337
72%
85%
$0.29
2,006
Electric
Other
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
3,138
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$0.10
5,366
Electric
Other
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
3,923
7
$2,366
90%
85%
$0.10
8,022
Electric
Other
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
4,080
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$1.12
1,426
Electric
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
4,708
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$0.60
1,047
Electric
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
4,708
5
$2,804
50%
80%
$0.13
5,065
Electric
Other
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
784
18
$2,880
45%
65%
$0.41
737
Electric
Other
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
3,138
5
$2,159
10%
75%
$0.16
805
Server Virtualization
Floating Condenser
Head Pressure
Controls
Baseline
Description
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Floating
Condenser Head
Pressure Controls
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-51
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
Electric
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Electric
Other
Electric
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Per Building
Existing
4,708
14
$10,883
5.0%
94%
$0.29
703
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
647
10
$3,499
5.0%
85%
$0.83
189
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
2,052
12.5
$172
10%
39%
$-0.01
250
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,293
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$0.35
3,740
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
666
25
$17,522
75%
70%
$2.90
1,057
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
644
25
$4,943
25%
85%
$0.83
409
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,318
20
$2,320
75%
59%
$0.18
1,731
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
10,386
25
$9,238
35%
50%
$0.08
5,307
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
1,330
25
$2,849
35%
50%
$0.22
640
Electric
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
14,399
25
$8,620
10%
35%
$0.05
1,376
Electric
Other
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
941
10
$778
95%
28%
$0.11
683
Electric
Other
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
7,847
10
$25,319
25%
98%
$0.49
4,631
Electric
Other
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
235
25
$32,054
15%
70%
$15.12
55
Electric
Other
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$169
10%
25%
$0.03
26
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
13,565
10
$1,470
5.0%
85%
$0.01
2,039
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
3,057
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$1.51
2,878
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
93
18
$199
95%
65%
$0.24
542
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
259
15
$78
95%
76%
$0.03
1,721
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
6,497
20
$1,335
65%
75%
$0.01
28,936
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
1,337
15
$4,382
13%
77%
$0.41
1,064
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
211
7
$60
65%
25%
$0.05
274
Electric
Other
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Constant Volume Lab
Hood Design
Per Building
Existing
407
13
$1,706
5.0%
59%
$0.57
113
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Heat Recovery
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-52
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
688
10
$8,285
0.3%
95%
$1.75
5
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
37
7
$14
95%
80%
$-2.40
89
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
227
10
$3,333
55%
94%
$2.28
366
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$45
5.4%
25%
$0.44
0.61
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
4
12
$2
95%
95%
$-74.20
12
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
909
25
$2,292
5.0%
92%
$0.27
126
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
175
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.03
392
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
60
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.05
45
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
429
4
$130
95%
93%
$0.08
1,183
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
19
10
$10
95%
73%
$-0.49
43
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
39
10
$9
95%
35%
$-0.56
41
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
45
12
$28
80%
90%
$0.08
89
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
113
10
$331
75%
95%
$0.39
254
Electric
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
5
10
$106
2.5%
94%
$3.26
0.31
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
676
10
$8,285
0.3%
95%
$1.78
4
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
37
7
$14
95%
80%
$-2.40
87
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
223
10
$3,333
55%
94%
$2.32
353
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
14
12
$45
5.4%
25%
$0.44
0.60
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
4
12
$2
95%
95%
$-75.55
12
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
909
25
$2,292
5.0%
92%
$0.27
122
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-53
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
$4
95%
75%
$-0.03
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.05
43
4
$130
95%
93%
$0.08
1,162
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
19
10
$10
95%
73%
$-0.49
42
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Existing
39
10
$9
95%
35%
$-0.56
40
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
Per Building
Existing
44
12
$28
80%
90%
$0.09
85
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
111
10
$331
75%
95%
$0.40
245
Electric
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
5
10
$106
2.5%
94%
$3.32
0.30
Electric
Restaurant
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
4,663
12
$786
90%
90%
$0.02
2,812
Electric
Restaurant
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
213
12
$299
70%
35%
$0.19
39
Electric
Restaurant
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
1,135
12
$400
95%
35%
$0.04
281
Electric
Restaurant
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
2,680
12
$1,713
35%
21%
$0.08
148
Electric
Restaurant
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
839
12
$95
20%
35%
$0.01
79
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,801
7
$690
90%
85%
$0.07
1,964
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
2,161
10
$3,969
10%
50%
$0.28
207
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
3,602
15
$7,291
50%
94%
$0.25
3,207
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,161
5
$3,365
10%
100%
$0.39
361
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
2,161
5
$817
50%
100%
$0.09
1,423
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
360
18
$840
45%
65%
$0.27
163
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
1,440
5
$1,119
10%
75%
$0.19
206
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
990
10
$3,500
100%
85%
$0.55
846
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,138
40
$28,009
3.5%
98%
$2.48
57
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
720
12.5
$142
10%
39%
$0.02
41
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
32
25
$4,929
75%
85%
$16.64
30
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.72
25
$1,390
25%
98%
$214.45
0.25
Electric
172
9
Existing
59
Existing
429
Per Building
Existing
4.5 GPM
Per Building
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-54
378
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
605
20
$677
75%
56%
$0.12
371
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
432
10
$807
95%
25%
$0.29
150
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
257
30
$3,629
75%
55%
$1.49
152
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
733
10
$645
90%
66%
$0.13
5
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,817
25
$12,372
15%
80%
$0.75
280
Electric
Restaurant
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,591
25
$26,631
15%
80%
$1.85
241
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,076
7
$690
90%
85%
$0.06
640
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,491
5
$3,365
10%
100%
$0.34
120
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
2,491
5
$817
50%
100%
$0.08
473
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
415
18
$840
45%
65%
$0.23
54
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
413
14
$6,019
5.0%
94%
$1.91
8
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,228
10
$3,500
100%
85%
$0.44
281
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,094
40
$28,009
3.5%
98%
$2.58
15
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
1,880
15
$90,944
3.8%
95%
$6.15
23
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
413
12.5
$142
10%
39%
$0.04
6
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
491
25
$4,929
75%
85%
$1.11
133
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
63
25
$4,929
75%
83%
$8.69
16
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
18
25
$1,390
25%
98%
$8.56
1
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
697
20
$677
75%
56%
$0.10
121
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
65
25
$2,598
35%
90%
$4.38
8
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
14
25
$801
35%
90%
$6.28
1
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
140
25
$4,526
10%
35%
$3.57
2
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
498
10
$807
95%
25%
$0.25
49
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
253
30
$4,050
75%
55%
$1.69
42
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
4,484
15
$1,708
25%
95%
$0.04
513
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
733
10
$645
90%
66%
$0.13
1
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,642
25
$12,372
15%
80%
$0.83
71
Electric
Restaurant
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,555
25
$26,631
15%
80%
$1.90
67
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
327
9.5
$91
20%
95%
$0.03
276
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
374
8
$57
75%
70%
$0.02
395
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-55
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Baseline
Description
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Electric
Restaurant
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Existing
751
8
$273
90%
75%
$0.06
2,103
Per Building
Existing
364
13.69863
$73
75%
95%
$0.02
59
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
177
18.666667
$239
47%
95%
$0.15
330
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
402
8
$110
10%
81%
$0.04
125
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
399
9
$187
10%
75%
$0.07
64
Restaurant
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
721
8
$3,499
30%
98%
$0.87
760
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
1,180
6
$438
25%
80%
$0.06
1,060
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,094
8
$298
45%
64%
$0.04
1,062
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
586
8
$160
10%
100%
$0.04
201
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
79
8
$298
45%
64%
$0.67
86
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
42
8
$11
10%
100%
$0.04
16
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
337
16
$56
95%
50%
$0.01
677
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
122
13
$105
95%
98%
$0.11
482
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
271
5
$23
70%
94%
$0.02
225
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,481
8
$298
45%
64%
$0.03
510
Electric
Restaurant
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
793
8
$216
10%
100%
$0.04
96
Electric
Restaurant
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
3
7
$1
20%
20%
$0.05
0.66
Electric
Restaurant
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
160
10
$0.37
95%
20%
$-0.01
128
Electric
Restaurant
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
48
4
$0.74
95%
86%
$0.00
46
Electric
Restaurant
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
17
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
14
Electric
Restaurant
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
70
4
$17
60%
90%
$0.07
159
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
653
12
$1,012
15%
95%
$0.22
393
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
923
12
$79
25%
45%
$0.01
438
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
316
15
$76
10%
77%
$0.02
102
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-56
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
3,421
15
$370
10%
98%
$0.01
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
291
15
$192
10%
98%
$0.08
6
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Existing
949
10
$787
90%
85%
$0.12
3,070
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Per Building
Existing
429
10
$355
90%
85%
$0.12
1,389
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Per Building
Existing
242
10
$12
5.0%
68%
$0.00
34
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Per Building
Existing
228
8
$22
90%
85%
$0.01
690
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
137
15
$678
90%
65%
$0.62
332
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$363
90%
85%
$0.13
976
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
126
12
$119
95%
77%
$0.13
387
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
9,978
10
$6,484
85%
72%
$0.10
3,680
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
809
10
$0.74
95%
86%
$-0.02
2,779
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
614
5
$98
30%
85%
$0.04
661
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
1,283
3
$201
10%
85%
$0.06
376
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
154
10
$62
75%
95%
$0.06
646
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
396
12
$-93.228017
95%
81%
$-0.04
1,286
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
133
4
$8
5.0%
20%
$0.02
5
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
108
10
$20
95%
85%
$0.02
371
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$363
75%
95%
$0.13
986
Electric
Restaurant
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$129
25%
100%
$0.04
439
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
592
7
$690
90%
85%
$0.23
115
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
710
5
$3,365
10%
100%
$1.18
26
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
710
5
$817
50%
100%
$0.29
105
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
118
18
$840
45%
65%
$0.82
12
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
473
5
$1,119
10%
75%
$0.59
13
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
710
14
$6,019
5.0%
94%
$1.11
11
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Controller
Appendix B.3-57
70
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
304
10
$3,500
100%
85%
$1.79
62
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
473
12.5
$142
10%
39%
$0.04
6
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
786
25
$4,929
75%
85%
$0.69
164
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
99
25
$4,929
75%
83%
$5.52
18
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
95
25
$1,390
25%
98%
$1.61
6
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
198
20
$677
75%
56%
$0.38
24
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,064
25
$2,598
35%
90%
$0.27
95
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
198
25
$801
35%
90%
$0.44
16
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,225
25
$4,526
10%
35%
$0.22
20
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
142
10
$807
95%
25%
$0.88
8
Electric
Restaurant
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
35
25
$26,631
15%
80%
$83.33
0.97
Electric
Restaurant
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,865
18
$6,249
95%
25%
$0.38
1,673
Electric
Restaurant
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
127
15
$23
95%
76%
$0.02
334
Electric
Restaurant
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
3,185
20
$389
65%
75%
$0.01
5,616
Electric
Restaurant
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
61
7
$17
65%
25%
$0.05
31
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,543
10
$972
75%
94%
$0.09
799
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
15
12
$46
46%
25%
$0.43
1
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
2,898
12
$1,648
95%
95%
$-0.04
1,922
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
6,088
25
$1,874
5.0%
92%
$0.02
183
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,192
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.04
624
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
411
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.07
71
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
816
4
$246
95%
46%
$0.04
263
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
308
12
$25
80%
90%
$0.00
139
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
771
10
$275
75%
75%
$-0.02
318
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-58
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
1,515
10
$972
75%
94%
$0.09
770
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
15
12
$46
46%
25%
$0.43
1
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
2,846
12
$1,619
95%
95%
$-0.04
1,853
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
6,088
25
$1,874
5.0%
92%
$0.02
177
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,171
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.04
601
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
404
9
$3
95%
25%
$-0.07
69
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
816
4
$246
95%
46%
$0.04
258
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
303
12
$25
80%
90%
$0.00
134
Electric
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
757
10
$275
75%
75%
$-0.02
307
Electric
School
Computers
Network PC Power
Management
Network PC Power
Management
No Power
Management
Per Building
Existing
12,730
4
$1,249
95%
30%
$0.03
3,560
Electric
School
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
70
12
$10
90%
90%
$0.01
34
Electric
School
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
3
12
$5
35%
35%
$0.23
0.24
Electric
School
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
26
12
$10
95%
35%
$0.05
5
Electric
School
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
62
12
$37
75%
21%
$0.08
6
Electric
School
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
19
12
$5
5.0%
35%
$0.03
0.38
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,608
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$1.05
89
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
201
5
$9,112
95%
81%
$11.36
35
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,215
10
$56,104
25%
70%
$7.20
48
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
804
15
$30,247
45%
90%
$20.60
73
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,010
7
$10,545
90%
85%
$1.04
278
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
4,824
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$4.28
107
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
1,286
7.5
$6,929
10%
94%
$0.73
27
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-59
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
2,251
15
$622
75%
35%
$0.03
125
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
643
13
$5,020
75%
75%
$1.06
73
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,412
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$5.34
16
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
2,412
5
$12,502
50%
80%
$1.30
153
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
910
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.60
84
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,402
40
$72,582
3.5%
98%
$34.05
8
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
804
12.5
$1,410
10%
39%
$0.25
5
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
73
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$126.11
1
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.80
25
$23,466
25%
85%
$3,242.32
0.03
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
241
15
$1,099
65%
45%
$0.58
12
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
482
10
$734
15%
26%
$0.23
3
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
300
30
$3,357
75%
55%
$1.18
22
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
4,832
10
$12,885
25%
98%
$3.64
160
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,293
10
$6,377
90%
66%
$0.13
6
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,029
25
$22,191
15%
60%
$6.68
27
Electric
School
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,738
25
$63,000
15%
60%
$16.80
23
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,819
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$0.93
90
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,274
7
$10,545
90%
85%
$0.92
268
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,458
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$3.79
113
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
2,729
10
$40,447
10%
60%
$2.31
32
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
4,549
15
$11,458
50%
94%
$3.11
422
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,729
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$4.72
16
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Appendix B.3-60
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
2,729
5
$12,502
50%
80%
$1.15
151
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
454
18
$12,840
45%
65%
$3.30
22
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
1,819
5
$11,414
10%
75%
$1.57
27
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
992
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.55
82
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,586
40
$72,582
3.5%
98%
$30.09
8
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
909
12.5
$1,410
10%
39%
$0.22
5
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
82
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$111.46
1
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.90
25
$23,466
25%
85%
$2,865.56
0.03
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
764
20
$10,352
75%
55%
$1.51
50
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
545
10
$734
95%
21%
$0.21
16
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
192
30
$2,386
75%
55%
$1.31
12
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,293
10
$6,377
90%
66%
$0.13
6
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,295
25
$22,191
15%
60%
$5.91
28
Electric
School
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,966
25
$63,000
15%
60%
$14.85
24
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,760
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$0.96
97
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
18,023
7
$10,545
90%
85%
$0.11
2,617
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
23,069
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$0.89
548
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
21,627
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$0.59
172
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
21,627
5
$12,502
50%
80%
$0.14
1,598
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
3,604
18
$12,840
45%
65%
$0.41
232
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
18,987
14
$48,525
5.0%
94%
$0.33
194
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
7,659
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.06
869
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,534
40
$72,582
3.5%
98%
$31.10
11
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
2,390
15
$26,768
3.8%
95%
$49.31
14
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
18,987
12.5
$1,410
10%
39%
$0.00
155
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-61
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
29,832
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$0.30
703
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,011
25
$83,170
75%
70%
$3.06
323
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
2,258
25
$23,466
25%
85%
$1.14
97
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
6,055
20
$10,352
75%
55%
$0.18
507
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
31,444
25
$43,848
35%
35%
$0.14
764
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
6,110
25
$13,532
35%
35%
$0.24
144
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
32,629
25
$20,366
10%
35%
$0.06
219
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
4,325
10
$734
95%
21%
$0.02
161
Electric
School
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
212
30
$2,488
75%
55%
$1.23
16
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
38,929
15
$15,624
25%
95%
$0.04
2,187
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,293
10
$6,377
90%
66%
$0.13
7
Electric
School
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,776
25
$63,000
15%
60%
$7.73
58
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
5,011
9.5
$1,394
20%
95%
$0.03
1,117
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,537
8
$236
75%
70%
$0.02
506
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,561
8
$729
90%
75%
$0.05
1,865
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
1,497
13.69863
$300
75%
95%
$0.02
76
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
2,707
18.666667
$3,658
47%
95%
$0.15
1,336
Electric
School
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,982
8
$541
10%
81%
$0.04
160
Electric
School
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
2,921
9
$2,874
50%
75%
$0.16
1,104
Electric
School
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
22,302
8
$17,281
30%
81%
$0.14
5,346
Electric
School
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
1,641
6
$611
10%
80%
$0.07
162
Electric
School
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
9,367
8
$4,559
90%
35%
$0.08
2,674
Electric
School
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
7,248
8
$1,984
10%
95%
$0.04
639
Electric
School
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
968
8
$4,559
90%
35%
$0.85
295
Electric
School
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
749
8
$203
10%
95%
$0.04
70
Electric
School
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
217
16
$37
95%
50%
$0.01
115
Electric
School
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
79
13
$69
95%
98%
$0.11
82
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-62
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Electric
School
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Electric
School
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Electric
School
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Per Building
Existing
32
5
$5
70%
94%
$0.04
9
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
498
8
$4,559
90%
35%
$1.65
62
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
385
8
$107
10%
95%
$0.05
14
School
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
0.93
7
$0.00
20%
20%
$-0.01
0.04
Electric
School
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
41
10
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
8
Electric
School
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
735
4
$5
95%
86%
$-0.00
2
Electric
School
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
16
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
3
Electric
School
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
535
4
$134
60%
90%
$0.07
322
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
907
12
$1,405
15%
95%
$0.22
144
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,282
12
$107
15%
45%
$0.01
96
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
2,421
15
$590
5.0%
77%
$0.02
103
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
52,294
15
$5,664
5.0%
98%
$0.01
143
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
4,460
15
$2,933
5.0%
98%
$0.08
12
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Existing
1,319
10
$1,094
90%
85%
$0.12
1,128
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Per Building
Existing
597
10
$493
90%
85%
$0.12
510
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Per Building
Existing
287
10
$193
5.0%
68%
$0.10
10
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Per Building
Existing
317
8
$32
90%
85%
$0.01
249
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
191
15
$944
90%
65%
$0.62
104
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$364
90%
85%
$0.13
253
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
9
12
$10
95%
77%
$0.15
7
Electric
School
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
51,577
10
$33,523
85%
72%
$0.10
1,141
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
714
10
$0.00
95%
86%
$-0.02
648
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
853
5
$134
50%
85%
$0.03
405
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
1,783
3
$278
10%
85%
$0.06
136
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
553
10
$53
75%
95%
$0.01
202
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Controller
Appendix B.3-63
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
30
12
$-5.3637393
95%
81%
$-0.03
26
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
133
4
$10
95%
20%
$0.02
28
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
1,664
10
$311
95%
85%
$0.02
1,501
Electric
School
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$364
10%
95%
$0.13
34
Electric
School
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$128
25%
100%
$0.04
116
Electric
School
Servers
Server Virtualization
No Virtualization
Per Building
Existing
360
4
$337
72%
85%
$0.29
196
Electric
School
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
30,345
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$0.05
550
Electric
School
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
37,932
7
$10,545
90%
85%
$0.05
1,730
Electric
School
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
39,449
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$0.51
299
Electric
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
45,518
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$0.28
115
Electric
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
45,518
5
$12,502
50%
80%
$0.06
1,070
Electric
School
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
7,586
18
$12,840
45%
65%
$0.19
155
Electric
School
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
30,345
5
$11,414
10%
75%
$0.09
169
Electric
School
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
45,518
14
$48,525
5.0%
94%
$0.13
148
Electric
School
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
14,293
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.03
582
Electric
School
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
30,345
12.5
$1,410
10%
39%
$-0.00
78
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
71,633
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$0.12
538
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6,610
25
$83,170
75%
70%
$1.39
225
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
6,390
25
$23,466
25%
85%
$0.40
87
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
12,745
20
$10,352
75%
55%
$0.08
338
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
70,620
25
$43,848
35%
35%
$0.06
543
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
13,145
25
$13,532
35%
35%
$0.10
98
Electric
School
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
133,406
25
$20,366
10%
35%
$0.01
283
Electric
School
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
9,103
10
$734
95%
21%
$0.00
106
Server Virtualization
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-64
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
School
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
75,864
10
$12,885
25%
98%
$0.22
999
Electric
School
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,928
25
$63,000
15%
60%
$7.43
17
Electric
School
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$171
75%
25%
$0.03
13
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
60,478
10
$6,559
1.0%
85%
$0.01
133
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
8,505
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$2.42
947
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,119
18
$2,703
95%
85%
$0.27
1,000
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
722
15
$354
95%
76%
$0.05
560
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
18,074
20
$5,959
65%
75%
$0.03
9,427
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
3,721
15
$19,534
11%
77%
$0.66
293
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
944
7
$268
65%
25%
$0.05
143
Electric
School
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Constant Volume Lab
Hood Design
Per Building
Existing
1,134
13
$1,705
65%
59%
$0.20
483
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
12,173
10
$8,281
1.8%
95%
$-0.02
34
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
280
7
$107
95%
80%
$-0.25
36
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
4,024
10
$14,862
55%
94%
$0.57
356
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$42
35%
25%
$0.44
0.20
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
420
12
$241
95%
95%
$-0.71
65
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
15,230
25
$7,916
5.0%
92%
$0.05
122
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,109
9
$21
95%
75%
$-0.00
381
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,073
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.01
43
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-65
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Electric
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Electric
School
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
773
4
$236
95%
65%
$0.08
81
Existing
634
10
$348
95%
73%
$0.07
75
Existing
1,268
10
$289
95%
35%
$0.01
72
Per Building
Existing
804
12
$96
80%
8%
$0.01
8
Per Building
Existing
2,012
10
$1,475
75%
75%
$0.10
194
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
11,956
10
$8,281
1.8%
95%
$-0.02
33
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
280
7
$107
95%
80%
$-0.25
36
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
3,952
10
$14,862
55%
94%
$0.58
343
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$42
35%
25%
$0.44
0.20
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
412
12
$236
95%
95%
$-0.73
62
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
15,230
25
$7,916
5.0%
92%
$0.05
118
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,054
9
$21
95%
75%
$-0.00
367
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,053
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.01
42
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
773
4
$236
95%
65%
$0.08
80
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
634
10
$348
95%
73%
$0.07
74
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,268
10
$289
95%
35%
$0.01
71
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
790
12
$96
80%
8%
$0.01
8
Electric
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
1,976
10
$1,475
75%
75%
$0.10
187
Electric
University
Computers
Network PC Power
Management
Network PC Power
Management
No Power
Management
Per Building
Existing
13,325
4
$1,304
95%
30%
$0.03
870
Electric
University
Cooking
Combination Oven
60% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
134
12
$22
90%
90%
$0.02
15
Electric
University
Cooking
Fryers - New CEE
Efficient Electric Deep
Fat Fryers
15 inch width Deep
Fryer CEE 2006
rating: 80% under
heavy load, Less than
1000 watt at idle
15 inch width standard Per Building
electric deep fat fryers
Existing
6
12
$11
35%
35%
$0.25
0.10
Electric
University
Cooking
Griddle
70% cooking
efficiency
Non ENERGY STAR
Per Building
Existing
50
12
$16
95%
35%
$0.04
2
Electric
University
Cooking
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
ENERGY STAR Hot
Food Holding Cabinet
Non ENERGY STAR
Hot Food Holding
Cabinet
Per Building
Existing
119
12
$78
75%
21%
$0.09
2
Electric
University
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
37
12
$5
5.0%
35%
$0.01
0.16
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-66
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,683
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$1.05
3
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
210
5
$9,539
95%
81%
$11.36
1
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
1,272
10
$58,724
25%
70%
$7.20
1
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
841
15
$36,336
45%
90%
$20.60
2
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,104
7
$11,040
90%
85%
$1.04
9
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,049
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$4.28
3
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
1,346
7.5
$7,256
10%
94%
$0.73
0.92
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
2,356
15
$652
75%
35%
$0.03
4
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
673
13
$5,250
75%
75%
$1.06
2
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,524
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$5.34
0.56
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
2,524
5
$13,086
50%
80%
$1.30
5
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,024
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.53
2
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
654
40
$20,480
3.5%
98%
$34.05
0.13
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
841
12.5
$1,472
10%
39%
$0.25
0.19
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
76
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$56.22
0.04
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.84
25
$10,944
25%
85%
$1,444.68
0.00
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
252
15
$1,146
65%
45%
$0.57
0.44
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
504
10
$1,641
15%
26%
$0.50
0.11
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
197
30
$2,068
75%
55%
$1.11
0.48
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
5,058
10
$18,163
25%
98%
$3.64
5
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,634
10
$6,677
90%
66%
$0.13
0.22
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,123
25
$27,899
15%
60%
$6.68
0.95
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Appendix B.3-67
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,819
25
$75,287
15%
60%
$16.80
0.81
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,904
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$0.93
4
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,380
7
$11,040
90%
85%
$0.92
14
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
5,713
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$3.79
6
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
2,856
10
$42,338
10%
60%
$2.31
1
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
4,761
15
$16,668
50%
94%
$3.11
22
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,856
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$4.72
0.86
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
2,856
5
$13,086
50%
80%
$1.15
8
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
476
18
$13,440
45%
65%
$3.30
1
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
1,904
5
$11,945
10%
75%
$1.57
1
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
1,116
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.49
4
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
740
40
$20,480
3.5%
98%
$30.09
0.20
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
952
12.5
$1,472
10%
39%
$0.22
0.29
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
86
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$49.68
0.06
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.95
25
$10,944
25%
85%
$1,276.80
0.00
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
799
20
$10,832
75%
55%
$1.51
2
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
571
10
$1,641
95%
21%
$0.45
0.88
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
215
30
$2,495
75%
55%
$1.23
0.69
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,634
10
$6,677
90%
66%
$0.13
0.32
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,403
25
$27,899
15%
60%
$5.91
1
Electric
University
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,058
25
$75,287
15%
60%
$14.85
1
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,842
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$0.96
1
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
18,865
7
$11,040
90%
85%
$0.11
36
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
24,147
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$0.89
7
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
22,638
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$0.59
2
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-68
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
22,638
5
$13,086
50%
80%
$0.14
21
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
3,773
18
$13,440
45%
65%
$0.41
3
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
19,874
14
$50,793
5.0%
94%
$0.33
2
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
8,616
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.06
11
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
716
40
$20,480
3.5%
98%
$31.10
0.06
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
2,502
15
$70,073
3.8%
95%
$49.31
0.20
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
19,874
12.5
$1,472
10%
39%
$0.00
2
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
20,975
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$0.20
5
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
2,114
25
$38,808
75%
70%
$2.03
2
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1,690
25
$10,944
25%
85%
$0.71
0.95
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
6,338
20
$10,832
75%
55%
$0.18
6
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
25,133
25
$20,461
35%
35%
$0.08
8
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
4,885
25
$6,306
35%
35%
$0.13
1
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
57,135
25
$21,315
10%
35%
$0.03
5
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
4,527
10
$1,641
95%
21%
$0.05
2
Electric
University
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
178
30
$1,967
75%
55%
$1.16
0.18
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Variable Refrigerant
Flow Cooling System
Standard Refrigeration Per Building
System
Existing
40,748
15
$16,352
25%
95%
$0.04
29
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
7,634
10
$6,677
90%
66%
$0.13
0.10
Electric
University
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,953
25
$75,287
15%
60%
$7.73
0.80
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
5,245
9.5
$1,461
20%
95%
$0.03
273
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,050
8
$163
75%
70%
$0.02
123
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
2,681
8
$730
90%
75%
$0.04
456
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
1,023
13.69863
$207
75%
95%
$0.02
18
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
2,834
18.666667
$3,828
47%
95%
$0.15
326
Electric
University
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
2,074
8
$567
10%
81%
$0.04
39
Electric
University
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
4,244
9
$3,007
50%
75%
$0.11
508
Electric
University
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Existing
43,904
8
$11,804
30%
81%
$0.04
2,459
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-69
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Lighting
LED Refrigeration
Interior
Case Lights
Fluorescent
LED Refrigeration
Case Lights
Fluorescent
Refrigeration Case
Per Building
Existing
1,717
6
$635
10%
80%
$0.06
39
Electric
University
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
18,440
8
$4,766
90%
35%
$0.04
1,230
Electric
University
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
14,269
8
$3,901
10%
95%
$0.04
294
Electric
University
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,629
8
$4,766
90%
35%
$0.52
116
Electric
University
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,261
8
$348
10%
95%
$0.05
27
Electric
University
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
830
16
$140
95%
50%
$0.01
102
Electric
University
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
301
13
$258
95%
98%
$0.11
73
Electric
University
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
457
5
$89
70%
94%
$0.05
29
Electric
University
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
6,921
8
$4,766
90%
35%
$0.12
202
Electric
University
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
5,355
8
$1,461
10%
95%
$0.04
48
Electric
University
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
0.97
7
$0.00
20%
20%
$-0.01
0.01
Electric
University
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
92
10
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
4
Electric
University
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
770
4
$5
95%
86%
$-0.00
0.71
Electric
University
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
36
6
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
1
Electric
University
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
560
4
$140
60%
90%
$0.07
78
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Add Doors to
n
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Add Doors to
Refrigerated Open
Display Cases
Standard Refrigerated
Open Display Cases
Per Building
Existing
950
12
$1,472
15%
95%
$0.22
35
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Anti-Sweat
n
(Humidistat) Controls
Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
No Anti-Sweat
(Humidistat) Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,342
12
$112
15%
45%
$0.01
23
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Case Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Case Fans
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
2,535
15
$618
5.0%
77%
$0.02
25
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Low Temp
Case Replacement
Low Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
54,737
15
$5,930
5.0%
98%
$0.01
35
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Case Replacement
n
Med Temp
Case Replacement
Med Temp
No replacement
Per Building
Existing
4,668
15
$3,069
5.0%
98%
$0.08
2
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Commercial
n
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Commercial
Refrigerator Semivertical - No
Doors - Med Temp
Standard Case
Per Building
Existing
1,381
10
$1,146
90%
85%
$0.12
275
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Commercial
Commercial
Standard Case
n
Refrigerator - Vertical - Refrigerator - Vertical No Doors - Med Temp No Doors - Med Temp
Per Building
Existing
625
10
$517
90%
85%
$0.12
124
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Demand Control
n
Defrost - Hot Gas
Refrigerant Defrost
Defrost - Electric
Per Building
Existing
301
10
$196
5.0%
68%
$0.10
2
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Display Case Motion
n
Sensors
Display Case Motion
Sensors
No Motion Sensors
Per Building
Existing
332
8
$33
90%
85%
$0.01
61
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-70
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Evaporative
n
Condenser High-Efficiency
High-Efficiency
Air-Cooled Condenser Per Building
Evaporative Condenser
Existing
200
15
$983
90%
65%
$0.62
25
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Evaporator Fan
n
Controller
ECM Evaporator Fan
Controller
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$365
90%
85%
$0.13
59
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Glass Door ENERGY Glass Door ENERGY Standard Glass Doors
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
9
12
$11
95%
77%
$0.16
1
Electric
University
Refrigeratio High-Efficiency
n
Compressor
High-Efficiency
Compressor (15%
More Efficient)
Standard Compressor, Per Building
40% Efficiency
Existing
53,988
10
$35,087
85%
72%
$0.10
279
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Ice Maker
n
High-Efficiency Ice
Maker
Standard Ice Maker
Per Building
Existing
714
10
$0.00
95%
86%
$-0.02
151
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Night Covers for
n
Display Cases
Night Covers for
Display Cases
No Night Covers
Per Building
Existing
893
5
$140
50%
85%
$0.03
99
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Refrigeration
n
Commissioning of
New or Existing
Buildings
New or Existing
Building Refrigeration
Commissioning
No Commissioning
Per Building
Existing
1,867
3
$292
10%
85%
$0.06
33
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Refrigerator eCube
n
Refrigerator eCube
No Refrigerator eCube Per Building
Existing
1,025
10
$123
75%
95%
$0.01
49
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Solid Door ENERGY
Solid Door ENERGY
Standard Solid Door
n
STAR
STAR
Refrigerators/Freezers Refrigerators/Freezers
Per Building
Existing
30
12
$-5.6212027
95%
81%
$-0.03
6
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Strip Curtains for
n
Walk-Ins
Strip Curtains for
Walk-Ins
No Strip Curtains for
Walk-In
Per Building
Existing
133
4
$11
95%
20%
$0.02
6
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Visi Cooler
n
High Efficiency Visi
Cooler
Standard Visi Cooler
Per Building
Existing
1,741
10
$326
95%
85%
$0.02
367
Electric
University
Refrigeratio Walk-In Electronically
n
Commutated Motor
ECM Evaporator Fans Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
327
15
$365
10%
95%
$0.13
8
Electric
University
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$129
25%
100%
$0.04
27
Electric
University
Servers
Server Virtualization
No Virtualization
Per Building
Existing
360
4
$337
72%
85%
$0.29
46
Electric
University
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
31,763
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$0.05
172
Electric
University
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
39,704
7
$11,040
90%
85%
$0.05
553
Electric
University
Space Heat Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
41,292
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$0.51
94
Electric
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
47,645
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$0.28
36
Electric
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
47,645
5
$13,086
50%
80%
$0.06
336
Electric
University
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
7,940
18
$13,440
45%
65%
$0.19
48
Electric
University
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
31,763
5
$11,945
10%
75%
$0.09
53
Electric
University
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
47,645
14
$50,793
5.0%
94%
$0.13
46
Electric
University
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
16,080
10
$3,502
73%
85%
$0.02
182
Electric
University
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Per Building
Existing
31,763
12.5
$1,472
10%
39%
$-0.00
24
Server Virtualization
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Controller
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Appendix B.3-71
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
50,301
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$0.07
98
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
4,641
25
$38,808
75%
70%
$0.92
48
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
4,487
25
$10,944
25%
85%
$0.26
18
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
13,340
20
$10,832
75%
55%
$0.08
108
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
53,367
25
$20,461
35%
35%
$0.03
125
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
9,933
25
$6,306
35%
35%
$0.06
22
Electric
University
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
217,902
25
$21,315
10%
35%
$-0.00
142
Electric
University
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
9,529
10
$1,641
95%
21%
$0.02
34
Electric
University
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
79,409
10
$18,163
25%
98%
$0.22
319
Electric
University
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,112
25
$75,287
15%
60%
$7.43
5
Electric
University
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$168
90%
25%
$0.03
4
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Automated Exhaust
VFD Control - Parking
Garage CO sensor
CO Sensors
No CO Sensors
Per Building
Existing
63,304
10
$6,863
20%
85%
$0.01
632
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Convert Constant
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
8,903
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$2.42
217
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Cooking Hood
Controls
Demand-Ventilation
Control
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,119
18
$2,698
95%
85%
$0.27
226
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
756
15
$370
95%
76%
$0.05
128
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
18,919
20
$6,233
65%
75%
$0.03
2,163
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - VAV Box High
Efficiency (ECM)
ECM Motor
Standard Efficiency
Motor
Per Building
Existing
3,895
15
$20,449
11%
77%
$0.66
67
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
988
7
$281
65%
25%
$0.05
32
Electric
University
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Optimized Variable
Volume Lab Hood
Design
Constant Volume Lab
Hood Design
Per Building
Existing
1,187
13
$1,703
65%
59%
$0.19
114
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
12,742
10
$8,280
1.8%
95%
$-0.02
8
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
294
7
$118
95%
80%
$-0.24
8
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Existing
4,212
10
$15,559
55%
94%
$0.57
87
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-72
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Electric
University
Electric
Baseline
Description
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Per Building
Existing
30
12
$89
35%
25%
$0.41
0.10
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
420
12
$241
95%
95%
$-0.71
15
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
10,306
25
$8,330
5.0%
92%
$0.08
30
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,255
9
$22
95%
75%
$-0.00
93
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,123
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.01
10
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
773
4
$236
95%
65%
$0.09
19
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
664
10
$365
95%
73%
$0.07
18
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,328
10
$303
95%
35%
$0.01
17
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
842
12
$101
80%
8%
$0.01
2
Electric
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
2,106
10
$1,545
75%
75%
$0.10
47
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
12,514
10
$8,280
1.8%
95%
$-0.02
8
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
294
7
$118
95%
80%
$-0.24
8
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
4,137
10
$15,559
55%
94%
$0.58
83
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
30
12
$89
35%
25%
$0.41
0.10
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - High
Temp
High Efficiency
Standard High Temp
Dishwasher (ENERGY Commercial
STAR)
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
412
12
$230
95%
95%
$-0.73
14
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
10,306
25
$8,330
5.0%
92%
$0.08
28
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3,196
9
$22
95%
75%
$-0.00
89
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,103
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.01
10
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
773
4
$236
95%
65%
$0.09
18
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
664
10
$365
95%
73%
$0.07
18
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1,328
10
$303
95%
35%
$0.01
17
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
827
12
$101
80%
8%
$0.01
1
Electric
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
2,068
10
$1,545
75%
75%
$0.10
45
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Appendix B.3-73
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled
Water / Condenser
Water
Settings-Optimization
Additional Control
Features
EMS already
installed - No
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
114
5
$10,303
95%
81%
$22.54
5
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Chilled Water Piping
Loop w/ VSD Control
VSD for secondary
chilled water loop
Primary loop only w/
constant speed pump Per Building
Existing
692
10
$35,683
25%
70%
$8.04
8
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Chiller-Water Side
Economizer
Install Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
458
15
$82,855
45%
90%
$23.00
12
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,145
7
$11,924
90%
85%
$2.06
47
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
6 Deg F
Tower-Decrease
Approach Temperature
10 Deg F
Per Building
Existing
733
7.5
$4,416
10%
94%
$0.82
4
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling
Cooling
Cooling
Per Building
Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-Two-Speed Fan Tower-One-Speed Fan
Motor
Motor
Motor
Existing
1,283
15
$393
75%
35%
$0.03
21
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Cooling Tower-VSD
Fan Control
Variable-Speed Tower Cooling
Per Building
Fans replace
Tower-Two-Speed Fan
Two-Speed
Motor
Existing
366
13
$3,194
75%
75%
$1.19
12
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,374
5
$58,171
20%
93%
$10.60
15
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,374
5
$14,139
75%
98%
$2.58
43
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
806
40
$39,443
3.5%
98%
$67.57
1
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
143
12.5
$429
10%
39%
$0.42
0.29
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
41
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$252.62
0.16
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.45
25
$26,789
25%
85%
$6,495.30
0.00
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Pipe
Insulation - Chilled
Water
1.5" of Insulation,
assuming R-6 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
137
15
$1,240
65%
45%
$1.14
2
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
274
10
$726
15%
26%
$0.41
0.57
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
53
30
$1,960
75%
55%
$3.91
1
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
2,291
10
$27,656
25%
98%
$8.70
27
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
764
10
$1,923
90%
66%
$0.39
0.20
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,156
25
$36,941
15%
70%
$3.54
5
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling
Chillers
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,012
25
$79,510
15%
70%
$8.72
4
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,426
7
$11,924
90%
85%
$1.66
193
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
DX Package-Air Side
Economizer
Air-Side Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
1,711
10
$25,724
10%
40%
$2.34
16
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Direct / Indirect
Evaporative Cooling,
Pre-Cooling
Evaporative Cooler
Standard DX cooling
Per Building
Existing
2,852
15
$26,041
50%
94%
$5.62
312
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-74
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,711
5
$58,171
20%
93%
$8.52
65
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,711
5
$14,139
75%
98%
$2.07
184
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
285
18
$14,520
45%
65%
$5.95
15
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Per Building
Existing
1,141
5
$7,260
10%
75%
$1.59
20
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
1,004
40
$39,443
3.5%
98%
$54.26
6
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
178
12.5
$429
10%
39%
$0.34
1
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
51
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$202.88
0.70
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
0.57
25
$26,789
25%
85%
$5,216.55
0.02
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
479
20
$11,700
75%
58%
$2.73
37
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
342
10
$726
95%
24%
$0.33
13
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Existing
12
30
$2,268
75%
55%
$19.94
0.88
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Existing
764
10
$1,923
90%
66%
$0.39
0.72
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,439
25
$36,941
15%
98%
$2.84
33
Electric
Warehouse
Cooling Dx
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,260
25
$79,510
15%
98%
$7.00
29
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
5,516
7
$11,924
90%
85%
$0.42
299
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
6,619
5
$58,171
20%
93%
$2.19
109
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
6,619
5
$14,139
75%
98%
$0.52
306
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
1,103
18
$14,520
45%
65%
$1.52
25
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
4,948
14
$54,874
5.0%
94%
$1.45
18
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Green Roof
Vegetation on Roof
Standard Dark Colored Per Building
Roof
Existing
981
40
$39,443
3.5%
98%
$55.55
2
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
High Efficiency
Ground Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Water Source Heat
Pump > 135 kBTU/hr
Per Building
Existing
1,513
15
$89,508
3.8%
95%
$49.53
3
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Infiltration Reduction
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,544
12.5
$429
10%
39%
$0.03
4
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
7,833
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$1.33
45
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
787
25
$94,937
75%
70%
$13.37
31
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
514
25
$26,789
25%
85%
$5.77
8
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,853
20
$11,700
75%
58%
$0.69
61
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
9,675
25
$50,058
35%
45%
$0.56
113
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
1,351
25
$15,445
35%
45%
$1.25
15
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Existing
7,185
25
$44,782
10%
35%
$0.68
17
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Building
Appendix B.3-75
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
RE - Deciduous Trees
Shade Trees
No Trees
Per Building
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Window Film
Window Film
No Film
Per Building
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.32
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Electric
Warehouse
Heat Pump
Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Exterior
Covered Parking
Lighting
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Exterior
Electric
Warehouse
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
1,323
10
$726
95%
24%
$0.07
21
Existing
21
30
$2,268
75%
55%
$11.42
0.61
Existing
764
10
$1,923
90%
66%
$0.38
0.29
Per Building
Existing
156
25
$36,941
15%
98%
$26.14
1
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,543
25
$79,510
15%
98%
$5.71
14
Covered Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
5,666
9.5
$1,579
20%
95%
$0.02
2,108
Daylighting Controls,
Outdoors (Photocell)
Photocell
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,643
8
$254
75%
70%
$0.02
337
Lighting
Exterior
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
1,837
8
$550
90%
75%
$0.05
2,141
Warehouse
Lighting
Exterior
Solid State LED White Landscape,
50W 10hrs/day, 365
Lighting
merchandise, signage, day/yr
structure & task
lighting (2.5 W)
Per Building
Existing
1,600
13.69863
$320
75%
95%
$0.02
53
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Exterior
Surface Parking
Lighting
Surface Parking
Lighting
Normal Lighting
Per Building
Existing
3,061
18.666667
$4,132
47%
95%
$0.15
2,522
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Exterior
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
825
8
$223
10%
81%
$0.04
97
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Bi-Level Control,
Interior
Stairwell Lighting
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control, 50% Lighting
Power during
unoccupied Time
Continuous Full Power Per Building
Lighting in Stairways
Existing
605
9
$647
10%
75%
$0.17
154
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Dimming-Continuous,
Interior
Fluorescent Fixtures
Fluorescent
Continuous Dimming,
Fluorescent Fixtures
(Day-Lighting)
No Dimming Controls
Per Building
Existing
3,993
8
$18,464
30%
98%
$0.83
1,809
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Fluorescent
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
7,221
8
$5,154
90%
50%
$0.12
4,708
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Fluorescent
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
3,244
8
$889
10%
100%
$0.04
469
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Interior Hid
Occupancy Sensor
Control
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
6,241
8
$5,154
90%
50%
$0.14
4,538
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Interior Hid
Time Clock
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
2,804
8
$768
10%
100%
$0.04
452
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit Sign - LED
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
CFL Exit Sign (9
Watts)
Per Building
Existing
192
16
$30
95%
50%
$0.01
170
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Interior
Other
Exit
Sign Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Photoluminescent or
Tritium
Two Sided LED Exit
Sign (5 Watts)
Per Building
Existing
70
13
$60
95%
98%
$0.11
121
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Cold Cathode Lighting Cold Cathode Lighting 30 W Incandescent
Interior
5 watts
Bulb
Screw Base
Per Building
Existing
132
5
$12
70%
94%
$0.02
46
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Occupancy Sensor
Interior
Control
Screw Base
Occupancy Sensor
Control
No Occupancy Sensor Per Building
Existing
3,439
8
$5,154
90%
50%
$0.26
781
Electric
Warehouse
Lighting
Time Clock
Interior
Screw Base
Time Clock
No Controls
Per Building
Existing
1,545
8
$423
10%
100%
$0.04
77
Electric
Warehouse
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Battery
Charging System
ENERGY STAR
Battery Charging
System
Non-ENERGY STAR
Battery Chargers
Per Building
Existing
13
7
$6
20%
20%
$0.08
1
Electric
Warehouse
Other Plug
Load
ENERGY
STAR - Water Cooler
ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
(Hot/Cold Water)
Non-ENERGY STAR
Water Cooler
Per Building
Existing
307
10
$0.00
95%
20%
$-0.01
109
Electric
Warehouse
Other Plug
Load
Power Supply
80 Plus
Transformer/Converter
85% efficient power
supply (> 51W)
Per Building
Existing
831
4
$6
95%
86%
$-0.00
70
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-76
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Warehouse
Other Plug
Load
Scanner - ENERGY
STAR
ENERGY STAR
Scanners
Standard Scanner
Per Building
Existing
16
6
$0.00
95%
Electric
Warehouse
Other Plug
Load
Smart Strips
Smart Strip Power
Strip
Standard surge
protector
Per Building
Existing
403
4
$102
Electric
Warehouse
Refrigerator Residential
Refrigerator/Freezer
Recycling
Recycling Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Existing
Refrigerator/Freezer
Per Building
Existing
481
9
$127
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Commissioning of
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
8,555
7
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
10,266
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Economizer Tune-up
Economizer Tune-up
No Economizer
Tune-Up
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Electric
Warehouse
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
20%
$-0.01
5
60%
90%
$0.07
406
25%
100%
$0.04
193
$11,924
90%
85%
$0.26
1,184
5
$58,171
20%
93%
$1.41
450
10,266
5
$14,139
75%
98%
$0.33
1,265
Existing
1,711
18
$14,520
45%
65%
$0.98
105
Per Building
Existing
6,844
5
$7,260
10%
75%
$0.25
121
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
10,266
14
$54,874
5.0%
94%
$0.69
100
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
2,136
12.5
$429
10%
39%
$0.01
17
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
16,218
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$0.63
251
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1,496
25
$94,937
75%
70%
$7.03
159
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
1,446
25
$26,789
25%
85%
$2.04
61
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
2,874
20
$11,700
75%
58%
$0.44
250
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
23,220
25
$50,058
35%
45%
$0.22
717
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
2,974
25
$15,445
35%
45%
$0.56
87
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
29,893
25
$44,782
10%
35%
$0.15
193
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
2,053
10
$726
95%
24%
$0.04
84
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 50%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
17,110
10
$27,656
25%
98%
$1.15
684
Electric
Warehouse
Space Heat Windows-High
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
512
25
$79,510
15%
98%
$17.20
11
Electric
Warehouse
Vending
Machines
Vending Miser
Passive Infrared
Sensor on Vending
Machine Monitoring
Vacancy of Area And
Cycles
Cooling - Controls
No Vending Miser - No Per Building
controls
Existing
1,796
3
$169
10%
25%
$0.03
6
Electric
Warehouse
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - CEE
Premium-Efficiency
Plus
CEE PE+ Motor for
HVAC Applications
NEMA Efficiency
Motors
Per Building
Existing
358
15
$399
95%
76%
$0.13
252
Electric
Warehouse
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor - Pump & Fan
System - Variable
Speed Control
Pump And Fan
System Optimization
w/ VSD
No Pump And Fan
System VSD
Optimization
Per Building
Existing
8,963
20
$6,739
65%
75%
$0.07
4,238
Electric
Warehouse
Ventilation
And
Circulation
Motor Rewind
>15, <500 HP
No Rewind
Per Building
Existing
1,068
7
$302
65%
25%
$0.05
147
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-77
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
601
10
$16,807
55%
94%
$4.35
216
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$42
2.7%
25%
$0.44
0.06
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
2,425
25
$1,458
5.0%
92%
$0.06
75
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
464
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.03
230
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
160
9
$6
95%
25%
$-0.05
26
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
120
12
$24
80%
90%
$0.02
58
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
300
10
$332
75%
95%
$0.10
149
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
590
10
$16,807
55%
94%
$4.43
208
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$42
2.7%
25%
$0.44
0.06
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
2,425
25
$1,458
5.0%
92%
$0.06
72
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
456
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.03
222
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
157
9
$6
95%
25%
$-0.05
25
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
118
12
$24
80%
90%
$0.02
55
Electric
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
295
10
$332
75%
95%
$0.10
143
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-78
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
137,325
10
$0.00
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
480,637
10
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,866
10
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
12,359
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Electric
Chemical Mfg Fans
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
27%
100%
$0.01
$41,197
23%
100%
$0.03
89
$1,579
9.8%
100%
$0.03
0.53
10
$4,449
6.2%
100%
$0.05
0.61
6,866
10
$1,029
11%
100%
$0.02
0.66
Existing
6,866
10
$755
7.8%
100%
$0.01
0.46
Per Industry
Existing
6,866
10
$2,128
6.3%
100%
$0.04
0.34
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
164,790
10
$3,449
27%
100%
$0.01
37
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
27,465
10
$5,875
21%
100%
$0.03
4
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,630
32
$4,279
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Chemical Mfg Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
20,598
10
$2,047
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,078
32
$3,859
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
18,578
10
$1,846
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
517,708
10
$13,075
20%
100%
$-0.00
87
Electric
Chemical Mfg Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
377,187
10
$29,809
29%
100%
$0.01
82
Electric
Chemical Mfg Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
208,602
10
$44,432
15%
100%
$0.03
20
Electric
Chemical Mfg Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
3,032
32
$2,304
37%
100%
$0.07
0.67
Electric
Chemical Mfg Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
11,093
10
$1,102
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.62
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,405
10
$3,543
9.8%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
27,730
10
$9,982
6.2%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,405
10
$2,310
11%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,405
10
$1,694
7.8%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,405
10
$4,775
6.3%
100%
$0.04
0.74
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
369,738
10
$7,738
27%
100%
$0.01
85
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
61,623
10
$13,183
21%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,632
32
$9,600
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Chemical Mfg Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
46,217
10
$4,592
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Chemical Mfg Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,991
32
$1,513
37%
100%
$0.07
0.63
Electric
Chemical Mfg Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
7,285
10
$724
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.58
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
639,311
10
$51,464
26%
100%
$0.02
142
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,982
10
$3,676
9.8%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
28,769
10
$10,356
6.2%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,982
10
$2,397
11%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,982
10
$1,758
7.8%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,982
10
$4,954
6.3%
100%
$0.04
0.79
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-79
32
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
383,586
10
$8,028
27%
100%
$0.01
84
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
63,931
10
$13,676
21%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,105
32
$9,960
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
47,948
10
$4,765
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
3,804
32
$2,891
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
13,917
10
$1,383
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$223
9.8%
100%
$0.03
0.07
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,753
10
$631
6.2%
100%
$0.05
0.08
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$146
11%
100%
$0.02
0.09
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$107
7.8%
100%
$0.01
0.06
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$301
6.3%
100%
$0.04
0.05
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
23,373
10
$489
27%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
3,895
10
$833
21%
100%
$0.03
0.67
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
798
32
$606
37%
100%
$0.07
0.24
Electric
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
2,921
10
$290
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.22
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,001
10
$3,450
9.8%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
27,003
10
$9,721
6.2%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,001
10
$2,250
11%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,001
10
$1,650
7.8%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,001
10
$4,650
6.3%
100%
$0.04
0.70
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
360,045
10
$7,535
27%
100%
$0.01
83
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
225,028
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
57
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
600,075
10
$75,009
34%
100%
$0.03
149
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
1,500,189
12
$81,048
15%
100%
$0.06
186
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
60,007
10
$12,837
21%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,301
32
$9,349
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Chemical Mfg Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
45,005
10
$4,472
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
253,056
10
$5,296
27%
100%
$0.01
58
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,646
32
$6,571
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
31,632
10
$24,040
9.4%
100%
$0.11
2
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-80
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Per Industry
Existing
5,811,494
1
$37,698
10%
100%
$-0.00
408
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Per Industry
Existing
2,153,570
10
$75,373
28%
100%
$0.01
412
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Per Industry
Existing
1,307,586
20
$11,696
30%
100%
$0.01
253
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Elec Chip Fab:
Eliminate Exhaust
Elec Chip Fab:
Eliminate Exhaust
Per Industry
Existing
726,436
10
$35,632
80%
100%
$0.02
365
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Elec Chip Fab:
Solidstate Chiller
Elec Chip Fab:
Solidstate Chiller
Per Industry
Existing
13,075,863
10
$49,390
20%
100%
$0.07
2,243
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
59,567
32
$45,271
37%
100%
$0.07
13
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
217,931
10
$65,627
9.4%
100%
$0.11
12
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
1,691,281
10
$60,243
15%
100%
$0.03
222
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
24,584
32
$18,684
37%
100%
$0.07
7
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
89,944
10
$68,357
9.4%
100%
$0.11
6
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
501,001
10
$10,485
27%
100%
$0.01
116
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,117
32
$13,009
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
62,625
10
$47,595
9.4%
100%
$0.11
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
16,607
32
$12,621
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
60,759
10
$46,177
9.4%
100%
$0.11
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
97,984
10
$7,887
26%
100%
$0.02
21
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Elec Chip Fab:
Reduce Gas Pressure
Elec Chip Fab:
Reduce Gas Pressure
Per Industry
Existing
48,992
10
$0.00
50%
100%
$-0.01
21
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
58,790
10
$1,230
27%
100%
$0.01
12
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
2,008
32
$1,526
37%
100%
$0.07
0.55
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
7,348
10
$5,585
9.4%
100%
$0.11
0.51
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Elec Chip Fab:
Exhaust Injector
Elec Chip Fab:
Exhaust Injector
Per Industry
Existing
5,608,306
10
$25,522
35%
100%
$0.06
1,683
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-81
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
22,994
32
$17,475
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
84,124
10
$63,934
9.4%
100%
$0.11
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
470,782
10
$9,853
27%
100%
$0.01
109
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
16,085
32
$12,224
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
58,847
10
$44,724
9.4%
100%
$0.11
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
401,312
10
$8,399
27%
100%
$0.01
92
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,711
32
$10,420
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
50,164
10
$38,124
9.4%
100%
$0.11
3
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
76,977
10
$1,611
27%
100%
$0.01
17
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
2,630
32
$1,998
37%
100%
$0.07
0.81
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
9,622
10
$7,312
9.4%
100%
$0.11
0.74
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Per Industry
Existing
849,392
1
$5,509
10%
100%
$-0.00
59
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Per Industry
Existing
314,760
10
$25,632
28%
100%
$0.01
60
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Per Industry
Existing
191,113
20
$30,940
30%
100%
$0.01
37
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Elec Chip Fab:
Eliminate Exhaust
Elec Chip Fab:
Eliminate Exhaust
Per Industry
Existing
106,174
10
$19,823
80%
100%
$0.02
53
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Elec Chip Fab:
Solidstate Chiller
Elec Chip Fab:
Solidstate Chiller
Per Industry
Existing
1,911,133
10
$71,857
20%
100%
$0.07
327
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,706
32
$6,616
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
31,852
10
$24,207
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
476,888
10
$1,577
15%
100%
$0.03
62
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,932
32
$5,268
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
25,361
10
$19,274
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-82
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
172,713
10
$3,614
27%
100%
$0.01
40
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,901
32
$4,484
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
21,589
10
$16,407
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
2,187
32
$1,662
37%
100%
$0.07
0.69
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
8,001
10
$6,081
9.4%
100%
$0.11
0.64
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
298,636
10
$24,040
26%
100%
$0.02
66
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Elec Chip Fab:
Reduce Gas Pressure
Elec Chip Fab:
Reduce Gas Pressure
Per Industry
Existing
149,318
10
$0.00
50%
100%
$-0.01
64
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
179,181
10
$3,750
27%
100%
$0.01
37
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,122
32
$4,652
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
22,397
10
$17,022
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Elec Chip Fab:
Exhaust Injector
Elec Chip Fab:
Exhaust Injector
Per Industry
Existing
3,299,123
10
$85,655
35%
100%
$0.06
990
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,526
32
$10,280
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
49,486
10
$37,610
9.4%
100%
$0.11
2
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
56,320
10
$1,178
27%
100%
$0.01
13
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,924
32
$1,462
37%
100%
$0.07
0.59
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
7,040
10
$5,350
9.4%
100%
$0.11
0.54
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
168,185
10
$3,520
27%
100%
$0.01
38
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,746
32
$4,367
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
21,023
10
$15,977
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
370,315
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
86
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,515
10
$4,258
13%
100%
$0.03
2
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-83
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
33,328
10
$11,998
20%
100%
$0.05
5
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,515
10
$2,777
3.6%
100%
$0.02
0.56
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,515
10
$5,739
5.3%
100%
$0.04
0.82
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
444,378
10
$9,300
27%
100%
$0.01
99
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
74,063
10
$15,844
21%
100%
$0.03
12
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
15,182
32
$11,539
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
55,547
10
$5,520
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
22,813
32
$17,338
37%
100%
$0.07
7
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
83,463
10
$8,294
9.4%
100%
$0.01
6
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,646,784
10
$82,101
1.3%
100%
$0.01
40
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,646,784
10
$65,059
2.9%
100%
$0.00
88
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,646,784
10
$92,101
15%
100%
$-0.00
483
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,656,942
10
$43,154
1.9%
100%
$0.03
37
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,656,942
10
$76,313
4.3%
100%
$0.02
83
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,656,942
10
$9,979
23%
100%
$0.01
441
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
1,469,412
10
$12,984
15%
100%
$0.03
142
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
21,359
32
$16,233
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
78,145
10
$7,765
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
52,709
10
$12,123
13%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
94,876
10
$34,155
20%
100%
$0.05
16
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
52,709
10
$7,906
3.6%
100%
$0.02
1
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-84
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
52,709
10
$16,339
5.3%
100%
$0.04
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,265,018
10
$26,476
27%
100%
$0.01
290
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
210,836
10
$45,104
21%
100%
$0.03
34
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
43,221
32
$32,848
37%
100%
$0.07
12
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
158,127
10
$15,714
9.4%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
7,278
32
$5,531
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
26,628
10
$2,646
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
854,157
10
$68,759
26%
100%
$0.02
190
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,353
10
$4,911
13%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,437
10
$13,837
20%
100%
$0.05
6
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,353
10
$3,203
3.6%
100%
$0.02
0.65
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,353
10
$6,619
5.3%
100%
$0.04
0.92
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
512,494
10
$10,726
27%
100%
$0.01
112
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
85,415
10
$18,273
21%
100%
$0.03
14
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,510
32
$13,307
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
64,061
10
$6,366
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Electro
Chemical
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
4,166
32
$3,166
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Electro
Chemical
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
15,241
10
$1,514
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
44,691
32
$33,965
37%
100%
$0.07
14
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
163,506
10
$16,248
9.4%
100%
$0.01
13
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,045
10
$1,850
13%
100%
$0.03
0.92
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-85
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
14,482
10
$5,213
20%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,045
10
$1,206
3.6%
100%
$0.02
0.24
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,045
10
$2,494
5.3%
100%
$0.04
0.36
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
193,099
10
$4,041
27%
100%
$0.01
44
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
32,183
10
$6,884
21%
100%
$0.03
5
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,597
32
$5,014
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
24,137
10
$2,398
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
571,120
11
$70,298
27%
100%
$0.03
100
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
196,937
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
45
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
689,282
10
$59,081
23%
100%
$0.03
113
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
984,689
11
$94,113
22%
100%
$0.05
173
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,846
10
$2,264
12%
100%
$0.03
0.99
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
17,724
10
$6,380
12%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,846
10
$1,477
9.7%
100%
$0.02
0.81
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,846
10
$1,083
11%
100%
$0.01
0.97
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,846
10
$3,052
11%
100%
$0.04
0.88
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
236,325
10
$4,946
27%
100%
$0.01
53
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
39,387
10
$8,426
21%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,074
32
$6,136
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
29,540
10
$2,935
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
20,144
32
$15,309
37%
100%
$0.07
6
Electric
Food Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
73,698
10
$7,323
9.4%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,014,762
10
$33,210
4.5%
100%
$0.01
115
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,014,762
10
$36,453
3.3%
100%
$0.00
83
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,014,762
10
$76,139
12%
100%
$-0.00
304
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,196,469
10
$31,689
6.7%
100%
$0.03
109
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,196,469
10
$11,095
5.0%
100%
$0.02
78
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,196,469
10
$73,588
18%
100%
$0.01
270
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
1,214,749
10
$58,741
15%
100%
$0.03
118
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,657
32
$13,420
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Food Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
64,602
10
$6,420
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-86
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
2,969,824
11
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
5,120,387
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
51,203
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Electric
Food Mfg
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$65,551
27%
100%
$0.03
499
11
$9,392
22%
100%
$0.05
885
10
$11,776
12%
100%
$0.03
5
92,166
10
$33,180
12%
100%
$0.05
9
Existing
51,203
10
$7,680
9.7%
100%
$0.02
4
Per Industry
Existing
51,203
10
$5,632
11%
100%
$0.01
5
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
51,203
10
$15,873
11%
100%
$0.04
4
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,228,893
10
$25,720
27%
100%
$0.01
282
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
204,815
10
$43,816
21%
100%
$0.03
34
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
41,987
32
$31,910
37%
100%
$0.07
12
Electric
Food Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
153,611
10
$15,265
9.4%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Food Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
10,332
32
$7,852
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Food Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
37,801
10
$3,756
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
404,379
10
$32,552
26%
100%
$0.02
89
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
586,350
11
$72,172
27%
100%
$0.03
109
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,010,948
11
$99,290
22%
100%
$0.05
173
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
10,109
10
$2,325
12%
100%
$0.03
0.99
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,197
10
$6,550
12%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
10,109
10
$1,516
9.7%
100%
$0.02
0.83
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
10,109
10
$1,112
11%
100%
$0.01
0.99
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
10,109
10
$3,133
11%
100%
$0.04
0.88
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
242,627
10
$5,078
27%
100%
$0.01
53
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
40,437
10
$8,650
21%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,289
32
$6,300
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
30,328
10
$3,013
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
2,238,791
11
$75,569
27%
100%
$0.03
342
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Food: Cooling and
Storage
Food: Cooling and
Storage
Per Industry
Existing
1,157,995
10
$47,398
100%
100%
$0.04
993
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Food: Refrig Storage
Tuneup
Food: Refrig Storage
Tuneup
Per Industry
Existing
578,997
3
$40,529
100%
100%
$0.02
496
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
3,859,984
11
$60,926
22%
100%
$0.05
540
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,599
10
$8,877
12%
100%
$0.03
3
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
69,479
10
$25,012
12%
100%
$0.05
5
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,599
10
$5,789
9.7%
100%
$0.02
3
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-87
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Transformers-New
Electric
Food Mfg
Process
Refrig
Electric
Food Mfg
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
38,599
10
$4,245
11%
100%
$0.01
Existing
38,599
10
$11,965
11%
100%
$0.04
2
Existing
926,396
10
$19,389
27%
100%
$0.01
165
Per Industry
Existing
154,399
10
$33,030
21%
100%
$0.03
20
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
31,651
32
$24,055
37%
100%
$0.07
7
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
115,799
10
$11,507
9.4%
100%
$0.01
6
Pumps
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,248,849
11
$53,719
27%
100%
$0.03
240
Food Mfg
Pumps
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
2,153,188
11
$24,462
22%
100%
$0.05
380
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,531
10
$4,952
12%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,757
10
$13,952
12%
100%
$0.05
4
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,531
10
$3,229
9.7%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,531
10
$2,368
11%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,531
10
$6,674
11%
100%
$0.04
1
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
516,765
10
$10,815
27%
100%
$0.01
119
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
322,978
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
82
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
861,275
10
$7,659
34%
100%
$0.03
190
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
86,127
10
$18,425
21%
100%
$0.03
14
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,656
32
$13,418
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Food Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
64,595
10
$6,419
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
511,205
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
119
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
1,789,219
10
$53,361
23%
100%
$0.03
282
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
2,556,028
10
$6,723
30%
100%
$0.03
606
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
25,560
10
$5,878
17%
100%
$0.03
3
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
46,008
10
$16,563
11%
100%
$0.05
3
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
25,560
10
$7,923
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.03
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
613,446
10
$12,839
27%
100%
$0.01
138
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
102,241
10
$21,872
21%
100%
$0.03
17
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
20,959
32
$15,929
37%
100%
$0.07
6
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
76,680
10
$7,620
9.4%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
75,846
32
$57,643
37%
100%
$0.07
24
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
277,485
10
$27,575
9.4%
100%
$0.01
22
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
8,383,951
10
$11,741
13%
100%
$-0.00
908
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-88
3
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
6,108,307
10
$82,742
19%
100%
$0.01
905
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
3,378,176
10
$19,551
15%
100%
$0.03
366
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
49,106
32
$37,320
37%
100%
$0.07
12
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
179,656
10
$17,853
9.4%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
72,762
10
$16,735
17%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
130,973
10
$47,150
11%
100%
$0.05
11
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
72,762
10
$22,556
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.11
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,746,308
10
$36,550
27%
100%
$0.01
404
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
291,051
10
$62,264
21%
100%
$0.03
49
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
59,665
32
$45,345
37%
100%
$0.07
17
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
218,288
10
$21,693
9.4%
100%
$0.01
16
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,532
32
$9,524
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
45,849
10
$4,556
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
1,179,131
10
$94,920
26%
100%
$0.02
262
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
29,478
10
$6,780
17%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
53,060
10
$19,101
11%
100%
$0.05
4
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
29,478
10
$9,138
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.04
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
707,478
10
$14,807
27%
100%
$0.01
155
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
117,913
10
$25,225
21%
100%
$0.03
19
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
24,172
32
$18,370
37%
100%
$0.07
7
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
88,434
10
$8,788
9.4%
100%
$0.01
6
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
23,166
32
$17,606
37%
100%
$0.07
7
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
84,757
10
$8,422
9.4%
100%
$0.01
6
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
46,269
10
$10,642
17%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
83,285
10
$29,982
11%
100%
$0.05
7
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
46,269
10
$14,343
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.07
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,110,472
10
$23,242
27%
100%
$0.01
257
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
694,045
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
178
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
1,850,788
10
$31,348
34%
100%
$0.03
499
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
185,078
10
$39,593
21%
100%
$0.03
31
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
37,941
32
$28,835
37%
100%
$0.07
11
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-89
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
Electric
Industrial
Machinery
Electric
Electric
End Use
Pumps
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
138,809
10
Existing
754,021
Existing
2,639,075
Per Industry
Existing
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$13,794
9.4%
100%
$0.01
10
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
175
10
$26,206
23%
100%
$0.03
417
3,770,108
10
$52,412
30%
100%
$0.03
894
Existing
37,701
10
$8,671
17%
100%
$0.03
4
Per Industry
Existing
67,861
10
$24,430
11%
100%
$0.05
5
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
37,701
10
$11,687
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.05
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
904,825
10
$18,938
27%
100%
$0.01
203
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
150,804
10
$32,261
21%
100%
$0.03
25
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
30,914
32
$23,495
37%
100%
$0.07
9
Electric
Miscellaneou Fans
s Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
113,103
10
$11,239
9.4%
100%
$0.01
8
Electric
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Clean Room: Change
Filter Strategy
Per Industry
Existing
14,826,647
1
$96,179
10%
100%
$-0.00
1,271
Electric
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Clean Room: Chiller
Optimize
Per Industry
Existing
5,494,323
10
$47,424
28%
100%
$0.01
1,282
Electric
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Clean Room: Clean
Room HVAC
Per Industry
Existing
3,335,995
20
$40,093
30%
100%
$0.01
789
Electric
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
151,973
32
$15,499
37%
100%
$0.07
43
Electric
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
555,999
10
$55,254
9.4%
100%
$0.01
40
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
17,569,391
10
$59,102
5.2%
100%
$0.01
787
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
17,569,391
10
$95,219
1.7%
100%
$0.00
252
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
17,569,391
10
$43,725
13%
100%
$-0.00
1,904
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
12,800,556
10
$98,574
7.8%
100%
$0.03
742
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
12,800,556
10
$12,995
2.6%
100%
$0.02
237
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
12,800,556
10
$11,635
19%
100%
$0.01
1,701
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
7,079,299
10
$7,890
15%
100%
$0.03
689
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
102,906
32
$78,208
37%
100%
$0.07
23
Electric
Miscellaneou Lighting
s Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
376,486
10
$37,414
9.4%
100%
$0.01
21
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
151,789
10
$34,911
17%
100%
$0.03
20
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
273,221
10
$98,359
11%
100%
$0.05
24
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
151,789
10
$47,054
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.23
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
3,642,959
10
$76,247
27%
100%
$0.01
843
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
607,159
10
$29,889
21%
100%
$0.03
102
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
124,467
32
$94,595
37%
100%
$0.07
36
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-90
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Miscellaneou Motors
s Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Miscellaneou Other
s Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Electric
Miscellaneou Other
s Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
455,369
10
$45,253
Existing
35,956
32
Existing
131,549
10
Per Industry
Existing
1,409,478
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
9.4%
100%
$0.01
33
$27,327
37%
100%
$0.07
11
$13,073
9.4%
100%
$0.01
10
10
$13,463
26%
100%
$0.02
313
35,236
10
$8,104
17%
100%
$0.03
4
Existing
63,426
10
$22,833
11%
100%
$0.05
5
Per Industry
Existing
35,236
10
$10,923
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.05
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
845,687
10
$17,700
27%
100%
$0.01
185
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
140,947
10
$30,153
21%
100%
$0.03
23
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
28,894
32
$21,959
37%
100%
$0.07
8
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
105,710
10
$10,505
9.4%
100%
$0.01
7
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
62,558
32
$47,544
37%
100%
$0.07
19
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
228,872
10
$22,744
9.4%
100%
$0.01
18
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,441
10
$1,481
17%
100%
$0.03
0.92
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
11,594
10
$4,174
11%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,441
10
$1,996
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.01
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
154,599
10
$3,235
27%
100%
$0.01
35
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
25,766
10
$5,512
21%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,282
32
$4,014
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
19,324
10
$1,920
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,437
10
$4,930
17%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,588
10
$13,891
11%
100%
$0.05
3
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,437
10
$6,645
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.03
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
514,508
10
$10,768
27%
100%
$0.01
119
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
321,568
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
82
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
857,514
10
$7,189
34%
100%
$0.03
213
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
2,143,787
12
$44,521
15%
100%
$0.06
266
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
85,751
10
$18,344
21%
100%
$0.03
14
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,579
32
$13,360
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Miscellaneou Pumps
s Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
64,313
10
$6,391
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-91
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
255,967
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
59
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
895,885
10
$76,790
23%
100%
$0.03
141
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
1,279,836
10
$53,580
30%
100%
$0.03
303
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
12,798
10
$2,943
17%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,037
10
$8,293
11%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
12,798
10
$3,967
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.01
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
307,160
10
$6,428
27%
100%
$0.01
69
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
51,193
10
$10,951
21%
100%
$0.03
8
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
10,494
32
$7,975
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
38,395
10
$3,815
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,681
32
$6,597
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
31,761
10
$3,156
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,213,357
10
$30,644
13%
100%
$-0.00
131
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
884,017
10
$69,864
19%
100%
$0.01
131
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
488,902
10
$4,136
15%
100%
$0.03
53
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
7,106
32
$5,401
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
26,000
10
$2,583
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
36,433
10
$8,379
17%
100%
$0.03
5
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
65,579
10
$23,608
11%
100%
$0.05
5
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
36,433
10
$11,294
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.05
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
874,399
10
$18,301
27%
100%
$0.01
202
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-92
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
145,733
10
$31,176
21%
100%
$0.03
24
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
29,875
32
$22,705
37%
100%
$0.07
8
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
109,299
10
$10,861
9.4%
100%
$0.01
8
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
590,406
10
$47,527
26%
100%
$0.02
131
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
14,760
10
$3,394
17%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
26,568
10
$9,564
11%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
14,760
10
$4,575
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.02
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
354,243
10
$7,414
27%
100%
$0.01
77
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
59,040
10
$12,630
21%
100%
$0.03
9
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,103
32
$9,198
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
44,280
10
$4,400
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
5,332
10
$1,226
17%
100%
$0.03
0.76
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,598
10
$3,455
11%
100%
$0.05
0.90
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
5,332
10
$1,652
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.00
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
127,974
10
$2,678
27%
100%
$0.01
29
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
21,329
10
$4,562
21%
100%
$0.03
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
4,372
32
$3,323
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
15,996
10
$1,589
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,167
10
$5,328
17%
100%
$0.03
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
41,702
10
$15,012
11%
100%
$0.05
3
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,167
10
$7,182
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.03
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-93
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
556,028
10
$11,637
27%
100%
$0.01
128
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
347,517
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
89
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
926,713
10
$15,839
34%
100%
$0.03
249
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
92,671
10
$19,825
21%
100%
$0.03
15
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
18,997
32
$14,438
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
69,503
10
$6,907
9.4%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
405,035
11
$49,855
27%
100%
$0.03
93
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
139,667
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
30
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
488,835
10
$41,900
23%
100%
$0.03
87
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
698,336
10
$83,800
30%
100%
$0.03
146
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
698,336
11
$37,664
22%
100%
$0.05
92
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,983
10
$1,606
9.1%
100%
$0.03
0.33
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
12,570
10
$4,525
6.3%
100%
$0.05
0.42
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,983
10
$1,047
13%
100%
$0.02
0.76
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,983
10
$768
23%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
6,983
10
$2,164
10%
100%
$0.04
0.37
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Paper: Premium Fan
Paper: Premium Fan
Per Industry
Existing
279,334
10
$50,788
25%
100%
$0.02
59
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
167,600
10
$3,507
27%
100%
$0.01
22
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
27,933
10
$5,975
21%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
5,726
32
$4,352
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
20,950
10
$2,081
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.92
Electric
Paper Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,829
32
$1,390
37%
100%
$0.07
0.58
Electric
Paper Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
6,694
10
$665
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.53
Electric
Paper Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
282,424
10
$7,132
20%
100%
$-0.00
47
Electric
Paper Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
205,766
10
$16,261
29%
100%
$0.01
44
Electric
Paper Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
113,798
10
$24,239
15%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Paper Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,654
32
$1,257
37%
100%
$0.07
0.36
Electric
Paper Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
6,051
10
$601
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.34
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Efficient Centrifugal
Fan
Efficient Centrifugal
Fan
Per Industry
Existing
553,025
10
$550
11%
100%
$0.02
49
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
801,887
11
$98,703
27%
100%
$0.03
181
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,382,564
11
$72,547
22%
100%
$0.05
200
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Material Handling
VFD2
Material Handling
VFD2
Per Industry
Existing
517,834
10
$55,350
53%
100%
$0.04
96
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-94
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Material Handling2
Material Handling2
Per Industry
Existing
138,520
10
$64,729
53%
100%
$0.07
23
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,825
10
$3,179
9.1%
100%
$0.03
0.57
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
24,886
10
$8,959
6.3%
100%
$0.05
0.72
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,825
10
$2,073
13%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,825
10
$1,520
23%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,825
10
$4,285
10%
100%
$0.04
0.63
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Paper: Efficient Pulp
Screen
Paper: Efficient Pulp
Screen
Per Industry
Existing
414,769
10
$75,053
14%
100%
$0.02
50
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Paper: Large Material
Handling
Paper: Large Material
Handling
Per Industry
Existing
269,274
10
$7,133
25%
100%
$0.11
29
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Paper: Material
Handling
Paper: Material
Handling
Per Industry
Existing
362,484
10
$33,025
25%
100%
$0.09
38
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Paper: Premium
Paper: Premium
Control Large Material Control Large Material
Per Industry
Existing
517,834
10
$27,847
25%
100%
$0.06
53
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
331,815
10
$6,944
27%
100%
$0.01
35
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
55,302
10
$11,830
21%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
11,337
32
$8,616
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
41,476
10
$4,121
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
871
32
$662
37%
100%
$0.07
0.27
Electric
Paper Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
3,189
10
$316
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.25
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
64,895
10
$5,224
26%
100%
$0.02
14
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
113,567
10
$7,268
17%
100%
$0.02
15
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
162,239
10
$32,480
36%
100%
$0.04
44
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
94,099
11
$11,582
27%
100%
$0.03
15
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
162,239
11
$31,982
22%
100%
$0.05
20
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,622
10
$373
9.1%
100%
$0.03
0.07
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,920
10
$1,051
6.3%
100%
$0.05
0.09
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,622
10
$243
13%
100%
$0.02
0.17
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,622
10
$178
23%
100%
$0.01
0.32
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,622
10
$502
10%
100%
$0.04
0.08
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
38,937
10
$814
27%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
6,489
10
$1,388
21%
100%
$0.03
0.67
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,330
32
$1,011
37%
100%
$0.07
0.24
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
4,867
10
$483
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.22
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,312
32
$997
37%
100%
$0.07
0.41
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
4,800
10
$477
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.38
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-95
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
30,643
11
$3,771
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
52,834
11
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
528
10
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
951
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Electric
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Electric
Paper Mfg
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
27%
100%
$0.03
$10,415
22%
100%
$0.05
9
$121
9.1%
100%
$0.03
0.03
10
$342
6.3%
100%
$0.05
0.04
528
10
$79
13%
100%
$0.02
0.05
Existing
528
10
$58
23%
100%
$0.01
0.10
Per Industry
Existing
528
10
$163
10%
100%
$0.04
0.03
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
12,680
10
$265
27%
100%
$0.01
2
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
2,113
10
$452
21%
100%
$0.03
0.30
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
433
32
$329
37%
100%
$0.07
0.10
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
1,585
10
$157
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.10
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
642,328
11
$79,063
27%
100%
$0.03
148
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,107,462
11
$18,316
22%
100%
$0.05
192
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
11,074
10
$2,547
9.1%
100%
$0.03
0.70
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
19,934
10
$7,176
6.3%
100%
$0.05
0.88
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
11,074
10
$1,661
13%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
11,074
10
$1,218
23%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
11,074
10
$3,433
10%
100%
$0.04
0.77
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
265,791
10
$5,563
27%
100%
$0.01
50
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
166,119
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
34
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
442,985
10
$55,373
34%
100%
$0.03
98
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
1,107,462
12
$81,295
15%
100%
$0.06
105
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
44,298
10
$9,476
21%
100%
$0.03
5
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
9,081
32
$6,901
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Paper Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
33,223
10
$3,301
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
150,740
11
$18,554
27%
100%
$0.03
34
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
51,979
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
181,927
10
$15,593
23%
100%
$0.03
23
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
259,896
10
$31,187
30%
100%
$0.03
50
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
259,896
11
$51,233
22%
100%
$0.05
43
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-96
7
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,598
10
$597
12%
100%
$0.03
0.20
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
4,678
10
$1,684
8.4%
100%
$0.05
0.26
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,598
10
$389
12%
100%
$0.02
0.27
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,598
10
$285
7.7%
100%
$0.01
0.17
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,598
10
$805
9.9%
100%
$0.04
0.17
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
62,375
10
$1,305
27%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
10,395
10
$2,223
21%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
2,131
32
$1,619
37%
100%
$0.07
0.52
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
7,796
10
$774
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.48
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
594
32
$451
37%
100%
$0.07
0.18
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
2,173
10
$216
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.17
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
74,031
10
$1,869
20%
100%
$-0.00
12
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
53,937
10
$4,262
29%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
29,829
10
$6,353
15%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
433
32
$329
37%
100%
$0.07
0.09
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
1,586
10
$157
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.08
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
429,114
11
$52,819
27%
100%
$0.03
99
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
739,852
11
$45,848
22%
100%
$0.05
118
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
7,398
10
$1,701
12%
100%
$0.03
0.49
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,317
10
$4,794
8.4%
100%
$0.05
0.64
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
7,398
10
$1,109
12%
100%
$0.02
0.77
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-97
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
7,398
10
$813
7.7%
100%
$0.01
0.48
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
7,398
10
$2,293
9.9%
100%
$0.04
0.41
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
177,564
10
$3,716
27%
100%
$0.01
27
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
29,594
10
$6,331
21%
100%
$0.03
3
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,066
32
$4,610
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
22,195
10
$2,205
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
150
32
$114
37%
100%
$0.07
0.04
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
550
10
$54
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.04
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
119,893
10
$9,651
26%
100%
$0.02
26
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
209,814
10
$13,428
17%
100%
$0.02
29
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
299,734
10
$60,006
36%
100%
$0.04
81
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
173,846
11
$21,398
27%
100%
$0.03
29
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
299,734
11
$59,087
22%
100%
$0.05
38
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,997
10
$689
12%
100%
$0.03
0.17
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
5,395
10
$1,942
8.4%
100%
$0.05
0.23
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,997
10
$449
12%
100%
$0.02
0.31
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,997
10
$329
7.7%
100%
$0.01
0.19
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,997
10
$929
9.9%
100%
$0.04
0.15
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
71,936
10
$1,505
27%
100%
$0.01
9
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
11,989
10
$2,564
21%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
2,457
32
$1,867
37%
100%
$0.07
0.45
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-98
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
8,992
10
$893
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.41
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
272,872
11
$33,587
27%
100%
$0.03
63
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
470,470
11
$92,744
22%
100%
$0.05
81
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
4,704
10
$1,082
12%
100%
$0.03
0.38
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,468
10
$3,048
8.4%
100%
$0.05
0.50
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
4,704
10
$705
12%
100%
$0.02
0.49
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
4,704
10
$517
7.7%
100%
$0.01
0.30
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
4,704
10
$1,458
9.9%
100%
$0.04
0.32
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
112,912
10
$2,363
27%
100%
$0.01
21
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
70,570
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
14
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
188,188
10
$23,523
34%
100%
$0.03
38
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
470,470
12
$19,499
15%
100%
$0.06
47
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
18,818
10
$4,025
21%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
3,857
32
$2,931
37%
100%
$0.07
0.94
Electric
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
14,114
10
$1,402
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.87
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
170,330
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
39
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
596,156
10
$51,099
23%
100%
$0.03
94
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
851,652
10
$2,198
30%
100%
$0.03
202
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,516
10
$1,958
17%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,329
10
$5,518
11%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,516
10
$2,640
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.01
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-99
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
204,396
10
$4,278
27%
100%
$0.01
46
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
34,066
10
$7,287
21%
100%
$0.03
5
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,983
32
$5,307
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
25,549
10
$2,539
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
10,881
32
$8,270
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
39,811
10
$3,956
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,482,938
10
$37,452
13%
100%
$-0.00
160
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,080,426
10
$85,386
19%
100%
$0.01
160
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
597,525
10
$27,273
15%
100%
$0.03
64
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,685
32
$6,601
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
31,777
10
$3,157
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
3,812
32
$2,897
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
13,949
10
$1,386
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
392,879
10
$31,626
26%
100%
$0.02
87
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,821
10
$2,259
17%
100%
$0.03
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
17,679
10
$6,364
11%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
9,821
10
$3,044
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.01
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
235,727
10
$4,933
27%
100%
$0.01
51
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
39,287
10
$8,404
21%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
8,054
32
$6,121
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
29,465
10
$2,928
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-100
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
15,524
32
$11,798
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
56,798
10
$5,644
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,416
10
$3,545
17%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
27,750
10
$9,990
11%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
15,416
10
$4,779
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.02
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
370,002
10
$7,744
27%
100%
$0.01
85
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
231,251
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
59
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
616,671
10
$77,083
34%
100%
$0.03
166
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
61,667
10
$13,192
21%
100%
$0.03
10
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,641
32
$9,607
37%
100%
$0.07
3
Electric
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
46,250
10
$4,596
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
39,775
10
$0.00
100%
N/A
$0.01
9
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,988
10
$457
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.13
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
3,579
10
$1,288
100%
N/A
$0.05
0.18
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,988
10
$298
100%
N/A
$0.02
0.19
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,988
10
$218
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.35
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,988
10
$616
100%
N/A
$0.04
0.10
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
47,731
10
$999
100%
N/A
$0.01
10
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
7,955
10
$1,701
100%
N/A
$0.03
1
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,630
32
$1,239
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.48
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
5,966
10
$592
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.44
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,241
32
$943
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.39
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
4,543
10
$451
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.36
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
207,422
10
$5,238
100%
N/A
$-0.00
34
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
151,121
10
$11,943
100%
N/A
$0.01
32
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
83,577
10
$17,801
100%
N/A
$0.03
8
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-101
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,214
32
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
4,444
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,007
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$923
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.27
10
$441
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.25
10
$1,841
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.54
14,412
10
$5,188
100%
N/A
$0.05
0.76
Existing
8,007
10
$1,201
100%
N/A
$0.02
0.78
Per Industry
Existing
8,007
10
$880
100%
N/A
$0.01
1
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
8,007
10
$2,482
100%
N/A
$0.04
0.43
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
192,172
10
$4,022
100%
N/A
$0.01
44
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
32,028
10
$6,851
100%
N/A
$0.03
5
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,565
32
$4,990
100%
N/A
$0.07
1
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
24,021
10
$2,387
100%
N/A
$0.01
1
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
442
32
$336
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.14
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
1,620
10
$160
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.13
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
74,352
10
$5,985
100%
N/A
$0.02
16
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
130,116
10
$8,327
100%
N/A
$0.02
18
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
185,881
10
$37,213
100%
N/A
$0.04
50
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,858
10
$427
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.09
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
3,345
10
$1,204
100%
N/A
$0.05
0.12
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,858
10
$278
100%
N/A
$0.02
0.18
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,858
10
$204
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.32
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,858
10
$576
100%
N/A
$0.04
0.07
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
44,611
10
$933
100%
N/A
$0.01
7
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
7,435
10
$1,590
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.94
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,524
32
$1,158
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.34
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
5,576
10
$554
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.31
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Electro
Chemical
Metal: New Arc
Furnace
Metal: New Arc
Furnace
Per Industry
Existing
1,271,945
10
$17,435
100%
N/A
$0.01
109
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Electro
Chemical
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
11,588
32
$8,807
100%
N/A
$0.07
3
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Electro
Chemical
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
42,398
10
$4,213
100%
N/A
$0.01
3
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
10,606
32
$8,060
100%
N/A
$0.07
3
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
38,804
10
$3,856
100%
N/A
$0.01
3
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-102
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
361
10
$83
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.02
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
650
10
$234
100%
N/A
$0.05
0.03
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
361
10
$54
100%
N/A
$0.02
0.03
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
361
10
$39
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.06
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
361
10
$111
100%
N/A
$0.04
0.01
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
8,666
10
$181
100%
N/A
$0.01
2
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
1,444
10
$309
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.25
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
296
32
$225
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.09
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
1,083
10
$107
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.08
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,130
10
$260
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.07
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
2,035
10
$732
100%
N/A
$0.05
0.10
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,130
10
$169
100%
N/A
$0.02
0.11
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Motors: Rewind
501-5000 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,130
10
$124
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.19
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,130
10
$350
100%
N/A
$0.04
0.06
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
27,141
10
$568
100%
N/A
$0.01
6
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
16,963
10
$0.00
100%
N/A
$0.01
4
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
4,523
10
$967
100%
N/A
$0.03
0.76
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
927
32
$704
100%
N/A
$0.07
0.27
Electric
Primary
Metal Mfg
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
3,392
10
$337
100%
N/A
$0.01
0.25
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
366,519
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
85
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
1,282,819
10
$9,955
23%
100%
$0.03
202
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
1,832,598
10
$19,911
30%
100%
$0.03
434
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,325
10
$4,214
17%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
32,986
10
$11,875
11%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
18,325
10
$5,681
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.02
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
439,823
10
$9,205
27%
100%
$0.01
99
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
73,303
10
$15,681
21%
100%
$0.03
12
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-103
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
15,027
32
$11,420
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
54,977
10
$5,463
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
39,597
32
$30,094
37%
100%
$0.07
12
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
144,870
10
$14,396
9.4%
100%
$0.01
11
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
4,360,615
10
$10,129
13%
100%
$-0.00
472
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
3,177,019
10
$51,081
19%
100%
$0.01
470
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
1,757,038
10
$74,249
15%
100%
$0.03
190
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
25,540
32
$19,410
37%
100%
$0.07
6
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
93,441
10
$9,286
9.4%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,340
32
$10,138
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
48,806
10
$4,850
9.4%
100%
$0.01
3
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
845,403
10
$68,054
26%
100%
$0.02
188
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,135
10
$4,861
17%
100%
$0.03
2
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
38,043
10
$13,695
11%
100%
$0.05
3
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
21,135
10
$6,551
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.03
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
507,241
10
$10,616
27%
100%
$0.01
111
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
84,540
10
$18,085
21%
100%
$0.03
13
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
17,330
32
$13,171
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
63,405
10
$6,301
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,091
32
$4,629
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
22,287
10
$2,214
9.4%
100%
$0.01
1
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-104
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$223
17%
100%
$0.03
0.13
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,752
10
$630
11%
100%
$0.05
0.16
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
973
10
$301
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.00
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
23,360
10
$488
27%
100%
$0.01
5
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
3,893
10
$832
21%
100%
$0.03
0.67
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
798
32
$606
37%
100%
$0.07
0.24
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
2,920
10
$290
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.22
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
33,174
10
$7,630
17%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
59,713
10
$21,496
11%
100%
$0.05
5
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
33,174
10
$10,283
0.2%
100%
$0.04
0.05
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
796,177
10
$16,663
27%
100%
$0.01
184
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
497,610
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
128
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
1,326,961
10
$65,870
34%
100%
$0.03
357
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
132,696
10
$28,387
21%
100%
$0.03
22
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
27,202
32
$20,674
37%
100%
$0.07
8
Electric
Printing
Related
Support
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
99,522
10
$9,890
9.4%
100%
$0.01
7
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
261,218
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
51
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
914,264
10
$78,365
23%
100%
$0.03
150
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
1,306,091
10
$56,731
30%
100%
$0.03
331
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,509
10
$8,463
13%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
313,462
10
$6,560
27%
100%
$0.01
55
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-105
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
52,243
10
$11,176
21%
100%
$0.03
6
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
10,709
32
$8,139
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Transportatio Fans
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
39,182
10
$29,778
9.4%
100%
$0.11
2
Electric
Transportatio Hvac
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
46,561
32
$35,387
37%
100%
$0.07
14
Electric
Transportatio Hvac
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
170,348
10
$29,464
9.4%
100%
$0.11
13
Electric
Transportatio Lighting
n Equipment
Mfg
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
6,056,389
10
$68,499
1.3%
100%
$0.01
66
Electric
Transportatio Lighting
n Equipment
Mfg
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
4,412,512
10
$68,117
1.9%
100%
$0.03
72
Electric
Transportatio Lighting
n Equipment
Mfg
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
2,440,323
10
$19,788
15%
100%
$0.03
315
Electric
Transportatio Lighting
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
35,473
32
$26,959
37%
100%
$0.07
10
Electric
Transportatio Lighting
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
129,779
10
$98,632
9.4%
100%
$0.11
9
Electric
Transportatio Motors
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
52,748
10
$18,989
13%
100%
$0.05
5
Electric
Transportatio Motors
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
703,313
10
$14,720
27%
100%
$0.01
162
Electric
Transportatio Motors
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
117,218
10
$25,076
21%
100%
$0.03
19
Electric
Transportatio Motors
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
24,029
32
$18,262
37%
100%
$0.07
6
Electric
Transportatio Motors
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
87,914
10
$66,814
9.4%
100%
$0.11
6
Electric
Transportatio Other
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,099
32
$9,955
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Transportatio Other
n Equipment
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
47,923
10
$36,422
9.4%
100%
$0.11
3
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
1,216,092
10
$97,895
26%
100%
$0.02
270
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
2,128,161
10
$36,202
17%
100%
$0.02
312
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
3,040,230
10
$8,654
36%
100%
$0.04
928
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
54,724
10
$19,700
13%
100%
$0.05
4
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-106
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
729,655
10
$15,271
27%
100%
$0.01
119
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
121,609
10
$26,015
21%
100%
$0.03
15
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
24,929
32
$18,946
37%
100%
$0.07
5
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Aircomp
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
91,206
10
$69,317
9.4%
100%
$0.11
5
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
32,865
32
$24,977
37%
100%
$0.07
10
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
120,238
10
$91,381
9.4%
100%
$0.11
9
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
13,444
10
$4,840
13%
100%
$0.05
1
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
179,265
10
$3,752
27%
100%
$0.01
41
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
29,877
10
$6,391
21%
100%
$0.03
5
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
6,124
32
$4,654
37%
100%
$0.07
1
Electric
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
22,408
10
$17,030
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Wastewater
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,207,008
10
$93,369
1.0%
100%
$0.01
10
Electric
Wastewater
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
879,391
10
$12,870
2.0%
100%
$0.03
15
Electric
Wastewater
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
486,344
10
$3,591
15%
100%
$0.03
62
Electric
Wastewater
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
7,069
32
$5,372
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Wastewater
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
25,864
10
$19,656
9.4%
100%
$0.11
1
Electric
Wastewater
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
49,487
32
$37,610
37%
100%
$0.07
15
Electric
Wastewater
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
181,051
10
$37,598
9.4%
100%
$0.11
14
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
11,414,848
10
$18,895
26%
100%
$0.02
2,540
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
19,975,985
10
$78,463
17%
100%
$0.02
2,778
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
28,537,121
10
$13,131
36%
100%
$0.04
7,765
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
16,551,530
11
$37,304
27%
100%
$0.03
2,809
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
28,537,121
11
$25,579
22%
100%
$0.05
3,637
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
513,668
10
$84,920
11%
100%
$0.05
29
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
6,848,909
10
$43,347
27%
100%
$0.01
952
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
1,141,484
10
$44,198
21%
100%
$0.03
119
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
234,004
32
$77,843
37%
100%
$0.07
43
Electric
Wastewater
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
856,113
10
$50,646
9.4%
100%
$0.11
39
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-107
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
4,400,406
11
$41,639
27%
100%
$0.03
823
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
7,586,908
11
$95,622
22%
100%
$0.05
1,066
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
136,564
10
$49,163
11%
100%
$0.05
12
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,820,858
10
$38,110
27%
100%
$0.01
352
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,138,036
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
302
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
3,034,763
10
$79,345
34%
100%
$0.03
852
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
7,586,908
12
$27,074
15%
100%
$0.06
914
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
303,476
10
$64,922
21%
100%
$0.03
45
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
62,212
32
$47,281
37%
100%
$0.07
16
Electric
Wastewater
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
227,607
10
$72,981
9.4%
100%
$0.11
12
Electric
Water
Fans
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
14,622,538
11
$99,867
27%
100%
$0.03
2,579
Electric
Water
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
5,042,254
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
1,176
Electric
Water
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
17,647,891
10
$12,676
23%
100%
$0.03
3,416
Electric
Water
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
25,211,273
10
$25,352
30%
100%
$0.03
5,721
Electric
Water
Fans
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
25,211,273
11
$69,948
22%
100%
$0.05
3,339
Electric
Water
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
453,802
10
$63,369
11%
100%
$0.05
26
Electric
Water
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
6,050,705
10
$26,641
27%
100%
$0.01
874
Electric
Water
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
1,008,450
10
$15,738
21%
100%
$0.03
109
Electric
Water
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
206,732
32
$57,116
37%
100%
$0.07
39
Electric
Water
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
756,338
10
$74,817
9.4%
100%
$0.11
36
Electric
Water
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
7,130,461
10
$51,585
1.0%
100%
$0.01
60
Electric
Water
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
5,195,050
10
$57,543
2.0%
100%
$0.03
89
Electric
Water
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
2,873,102
10
$11,970
15%
100%
$0.03
372
Electric
Water
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
41,764
32
$31,740
37%
100%
$0.07
12
Electric
Water
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
152,795
10
$16,124
9.4%
100%
$0.11
11
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
14,622,538
11
$99,867
27%
100%
$0.03
3,386
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
25,211,273
11
$69,948
22%
100%
$0.05
4,385
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
453,802
10
$63,369
11%
100%
$0.05
35
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
6,050,705
10
$26,641
27%
100%
$0.01
1,148
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
1,008,450
10
$15,738
21%
100%
$0.03
144
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
206,732
32
$57,116
37%
100%
$0.07
52
Electric
Water
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
756,338
10
$74,817
9.4%
100%
$0.11
47
Electric
Water
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
292,348
32
$22,185
37%
100%
$0.07
93
Electric
Water
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
1,069,569
10
$12,872
9.4%
100%
$0.11
85
Electric
Water
Pumps
Energy Project
Management
Energy Project
Management
Per Industry
Existing
94,529,543
11
$35,506
27%
100%
$0.03
17,694
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-108
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Water
Pumps
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Integrated Plant
Energy Management
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Water
Pumps
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Electric
Water
Pumps
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Electric
Water
Pumps
Pump Energy
Management
Pump Energy
Management
Electric
Water
Pumps
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Electric
Water
Pumps
Electric
Water
Electric
Water
Electric
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
62,981,971
11
$28,961
22%
100%
$0.05
Existing
2,933,675
10
$56,123
11%
100%
$0.05
276
Existing
39,115,673
10
$18,691
27%
100%
$0.01
7,566
Per Industry
Existing
24,447,295
10
$0.00
31%
100%
$0.01
6,496
Pump Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
65,192,788
10
$49,098
34%
100%
$0.03
18,312
Pump System
Optimization
Pump System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
62,981,971
12
$97,420
15%
100%
$0.06
19,640
Pumps
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
6,519,278
10
$94,671
21%
100%
$0.03
985
Pumps
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
1,336,452
32
$15,703
37%
100%
$0.07
357
Water
Pumps
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
4,889,459
10
$15,988
9.4%
100%
$0.11
260
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Fan Energy
Mangement
Fan Energy
Mangement
Per Industry
Existing
463,951
10
$0.00
27%
100%
$0.01
108
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Fan Equipment
Upgrade
Per Industry
Existing
1,623,830
10
$39,185
23%
100%
$0.03
314
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Fan System
Optimization
Fan System
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
2,319,757
10
$78,370
30%
100%
$0.03
526
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,197
10
$5,335
29%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
41,755
10
$15,032
9.5%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,197
10
$3,479
8.4%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
23,197
10
$7,191
12%
100%
$0.04
1
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
556,741
10
$11,652
27%
100%
$0.01
97
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
92,790
10
$19,850
21%
100%
$0.03
12
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
19,022
32
$14,456
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Fans
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
69,592
10
$6,915
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
9,068
32
$6,892
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Hvac
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
33,178
10
$3,297
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Efficient Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,162,383
10
$67,273
4.4%
100%
$0.01
82
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Efficient Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,162,383
10
$97,873
4.9%
100%
$0.00
88
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Efficient Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
2,162,383
10
$54,612
10%
100%
$-0.00
189
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
HighBay Lighting 1
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,575,450
10
$81,362
6.7%
100%
$0.03
77
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
HighBay Lighting 2
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,575,450
10
$23,137
7.4%
100%
$0.02
83
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
HighBay Lighting 3
Shift
Per Industry
Existing
1,575,450
10
$24,508
15%
100%
$0.01
166
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Lighting Controls
Lighting Controls
Per Industry
Existing
871,297
10
$85,586
15%
100%
$0.03
84
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
12,665
32
$9,625
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Lighting
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
46,336
10
$4,604
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Efficient Centrifugal
Fan
Efficient Centrifugal
Fan
Per Industry
Existing
2,641,475
10
$80,268
11%
100%
$0.02
237
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-109
22,911
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Material Handling
VFD2
Material Handling
VFD2
Per Industry
Existing
2,473,389
10
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Material Handling2
Material Handling2
Per Industry
Existing
661,631
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
66,036
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Electric
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
$42,016
53%
100%
$0.04
1,110
10
$9,173
53%
100%
$0.07
267
10
$15,188
29%
100%
$0.03
13
118,866
10
$42,791
9.5%
100%
$0.05
8
Existing
66,036
10
$9,905
8.4%
100%
$0.02
4
Per Industry
Existing
66,036
10
$20,471
12%
100%
$0.04
5
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
1,584,885
10
$33,171
27%
100%
$0.01
311
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
264,147
10
$56,509
21%
100%
$0.03
36
Motors
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
54,150
32
$41,154
37%
100%
$0.07
10
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
198,110
10
$19,687
9.4%
100%
$0.01
9
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Motors
Other
Wood: Replace
Pneumatic Conveyor
Wood: Replace
Pneumatic Conveyor
Per Industry
Existing
3,830,139
10
$55,537
50%
100%
$-0.00
1,642
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
7,432
32
$5,648
37%
100%
$0.07
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
27,193
10
$2,702
9.4%
100%
$0.01
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Air Compressor
Demand Reduction
Per Industry
Existing
1,070,136
10
$86,145
26%
100%
$0.02
238
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Air Compressor
Equipment2
Per Industry
Existing
1,872,738
10
$19,855
17%
100%
$0.02
260
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Air Compressor
Optimization
Air Compressor
Optimization
Per Industry
Existing
2,675,340
10
$35,603
36%
100%
$0.04
727
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
26,753
10
$6,153
29%
100%
$0.03
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
48,156
10
$17,336
9.5%
100%
$0.05
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
26,753
10
$4,013
8.4%
100%
$0.02
1
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
26,753
10
$8,293
12%
100%
$0.04
2
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
642,081
10
$13,438
27%
100%
$0.01
108
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
107,013
10
$22,893
21%
100%
$0.03
13
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
21,937
32
$16,672
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Aircomp
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
80,260
10
$7,976
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Existing
13,596
32
$10,333
37%
100%
$0.07
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
Existing
49,742
10
$4,943
9.4%
100%
$0.01
4
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Motors: Rewind
101-200 HP
Per Industry
Existing
937
10
$215
29%
100%
$0.03
0.23
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Motors: Rewind 20-50
HP
Per Industry
Existing
1,687
10
$607
9.5%
100%
$0.05
0.13
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Motors: Rewind
201-500 HP
Per Industry
Existing
937
10
$140
8.4%
100%
$0.02
0.06
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Motors: Rewind
51-100 HP
Per Industry
Existing
937
10
$290
12%
100%
$0.04
0.09
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Plant Energy
Management
Plant Energy
Management
Per Industry
Existing
22,497
10
$470
27%
100%
$0.01
5
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-110
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Electric Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(kWh)
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Synchronous Belts
Synchronous Belts
Per Industry
Existing
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-New
Transformers-New
Per Industry
Electric
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Transformers-Retrofit
Transformers-Retrofit
Per Industry
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Percent of
Incremental Installations Percent of Levelized
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Cost
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete ($ per kWh)
3,749
10
$802
Existing
768
32
Existing
2,812
10
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(kWh)
21%
100%
$0.03
0.65
$584
37%
100%
$0.07
0.23
$279
9.4%
100%
$0.01
0.21
Appendix B.3-111
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
28
5
$576
25%
95%
$5.18
97
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
1
30
$127
95%
50%
$0.68
11
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
154
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$1.09
16
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
122
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$1.38
450
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
2
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$71.90
13
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
3
20
$326
25%
95%
$6.81
11
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
7
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.47
59
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
1
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.37
10
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
189
25
$1,610
20%
25%
$0.90
114
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
18
25
$1,610
25%
50%
$9.35
26
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
4
25
$429
25%
85%
$7.98
11
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
11
11
$450
75%
50%
$5.42
49
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
59
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$1.81
32
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
19
11
$890
10%
95%
$6.78
26
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
90
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$2.00
91
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
17
25
$3,187
55%
85%
$19.44
83
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
87
25
$3,761
55%
15%
$4.76
76
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Existing
106
25
$3,761
55%
5%
$3.89
30
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Per Home
Appendix B.3-112
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
28
5
$576
25%
95%
$5.06
4,207
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
1
30
$127
95%
50%
$0.72
444
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
158
25
$1,598
75%
1%
$1.07
702
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
125
25
$1,598
75%
35%
$1.35
19,357
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
3
25
$1,976
40%
95%
$70.35
598
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
3
20
$326
25%
95%
$6.70
487
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
7
20
$126
85%
75%
$0.46
2,538
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
1
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.39
424
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
14
20
$534
75%
75%
$3.53
4,061
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
15
18
$827
50%
60%
$5.69
2,309
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
201
25
$1,610
20%
25%
$0.85
4,900
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
20
25
$1,610
25%
50%
$8.35
1,199
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
5
25
$429
25%
85%
$7.08
513
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
10
11
$450
75%
50%
$5.87
1,838
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
60
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$1.77
1,321
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
19
11
$890
10%
95%
$6.63
1,117
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
91
25
$1,694
60%
15%
$1.96
3,746
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
18
25
$3,187
55%
85%
$19.13
3,415
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-113
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
88
25
$3,761
55%
15%
$4.66
3,139
Gas
Manufactured Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
108
25
$3,761
55%
5%
$3.81
1,247
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
99%
95%
$1.04
97
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Gas
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Gas Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.01
14
$209
100%
95%
$-1508.28
0.25
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
95%
50%
$4.68
0.28
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
20
40
$540
29%
90%
$2.76
76
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
3
9
$3
95%
65%
$0.16
12
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$2
95%
25%
$0.11
11
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$2
50%
95%
$0.08
24
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
3
9
$1
50%
80%
$-2.44
14
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.08
22
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$53
95%
85%
$-0.43
100
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
9
10
$0.00
95%
5%
$-0.65
3
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
99%
95%
$1.04
1,140
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Gas
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Gas Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.01
14
$209
100%
95%
$-1508.28
2
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
71%
50%
$4.68
2
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
20
40
$540
29%
90%
$2.76
819
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
3
9
$3
95%
65%
$0.16
146
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$2
95%
25%
$0.11
135
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$2
50%
95%
$0.08
288
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
3
9
$1
50%
80%
$-2.44
171
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.27
239
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-114
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$53
95%
Gas
Manufactured Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
9
10
$0.00
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
1
30
$50
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
51
25
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
19
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Gas
Multifamily
Gas
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
85%
$-0.43
95%
5%
$-0.65
40
95%
50%
$-5.62
240
$456
50%
50%
$0.79
5,353
25
$456
50%
50%
$2.02
1,966
1
25
$73
15%
95%
$-2.72
65
Existing
1
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.47
318
Per Home
Existing
74
25
$579
20%
25%
$0.72
1,438
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
7
25
$579
25%
50%
$7.24
353
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
8
25
$154
25%
85%
$0.66
720
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
15
11
$358
75%
50%
$3.16
2,131
Heat
Central
Boiler
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
76
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$1.35
2,498
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
22
25
$2,272
45%
85%
$11.01
2,016
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
89
25
$2,682
45%
15%
$3.27
2,080
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
107
25
$2,682
45%
5%
$2.71
815
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
1
30
$50
95%
50%
$-6.41
8,050
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-0 (Zero
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
33
25
$456
50%
50%
$1.20
133,599
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-38 (WA Code - Multi R-10 (Existing
Family Only)
Insulation - Multi
Family Only)
Per Home
Existing
12
25
$456
50%
50%
$3.12
49,528
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (Above WA
Code - Multi Family
Only)
R-38 (WA Code - Multi Per Home
Family Only)
Existing
0.76
25
$73
15%
95%
$-4.22
1,667
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
1
6
$25
95%
50%
$0.54
10,965
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
95
25
$579
20%
25%
$0.56
72,508
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
9
25
$579
25%
50%
$5.61
17,891
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-115
1,180
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
11
25
$154
25%
85%
$0.51
36,409
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
13
11
$358
75%
50%
$3.61
72,766
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
75
25
$1,011
60%
15%
$1.36
97,267
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
22
25
$2,272
45%
85%
$11.02
79,004
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
89
25
$2,682
45%
15%
$3.26
81,847
Gas
Multifamily
Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
108
25
$2,682
45%
5%
$2.71
32,068
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
15%
95%
$1.04
507
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
1 (MEF
2.0 - 2.19) - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.00
14
$35
15%
87%
$-3064.33
90
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
2 (MEF
2.2 - 2.45) - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.00
14
$102
15%
95%
$-2477.42
147
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Gas
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
0.77
14
$75
15%
95%
$-7.89
32
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Gas
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Gas Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.01
14
$209
15%
99%
$-1796.85
200
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
95%
50%
$4.68
13
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$3
95%
65%
$0.13
517
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$2
95%
25%
$0.09
480
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$2
50%
95%
$0.06
1,020
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$1
50%
80%
$-2.00
606
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.16
722
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$45
95%
85%
$-0.69
3,566
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
9
10
$0.00
95%
5%
$-0.62
122
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
15%
95%
$1.04
5,934
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-116
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
1 (MEF
2.0 - 2.19) - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.00
14
$35
15%
87%
$-3064.33
1,058
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
2 (MEF
2.2 - 2.45) - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.00
14
$102
15%
95%
$-2477.42
1,727
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Gas
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
0.77
14
$75
15%
95%
$-7.89
378
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier MEF = 1.66 - Gas
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher) DHW & Gas Dryer
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Home
Existing
0.01
14
$209
15%
99%
$-1796.85
2,355
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
58%
50%
$4.68
92
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$3
95%
65%
$0.13
6,069
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$2
95%
25%
$0.09
5,632
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$2
50%
95%
$0.06
11,969
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
4
9
$1
50%
80%
$-2.00
7,115
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.35
7,757
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$45
95%
85%
$-0.69
41,835
Gas
Multifamily
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
9
10
$0.00
95%
5%
$-0.62
1,432
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
52
5
$576
50%
95%
$2.66
373,668
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
4
30
$203
95%
50%
$-1.89
29,943
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
109
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$0.93
14,654
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
43
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$2.35
160,406
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
1
45
$315
75%
95%
$-0.75
12,187
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
4
20
$200
25%
95%
$-0.86
13,566
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-117
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
8
20
$126
85%
75%
$-1.46
71,577
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
3
6
$25
95%
50%
$-2.11
19,974
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
183
45
$1,621
20%
25%
$0.71
124,080
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
17
45
$1,621
25%
50%
$7.41
29,400
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
21
45
$426
25%
85%
$0.48
59,851
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
31
11
$596
75%
50%
$2.31
156,210
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
110
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$0.81
67,359
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
35
11
$890
10%
95%
$3.33
48,405
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
209
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$1.34
239,346
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
44
45
$5,316
55%
75%
$11.26
205,893
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
190
45
$6,274
55%
15%
$3.16
186,371
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Boiler
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
231
45
$6,274
55%
5%
$2.60
73,222
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
Air-to-Air Heat
Exchangers
No Air to Air Heat
Exchangers
Per Home
Existing
53
5
$576
50%
95%
$2.60
11,992,091
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
Canned Lighting Air
Tight Sealing
No Air tight Sealing
Per Fixture
Existing
4
30
$203
95%
50%
$-2.03
873,471
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-0 (Zero
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
82
45
$1,332
95%
1%
$1.24
344,593
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-10 (Existing
Insulation - Single
Family and
Manufactured Homes
Only)
Per Home
Existing
32
45
$1,332
75%
35%
$3.15
3,746,232
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Ceiling Insulation
R-60 (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-49 (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Home
Existing
0.92
45
$315
75%
95%
$-1.01
285,332
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors
R-10 (Doors with foam
core) (Above WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-5 (Composite Doors Per Door
with foam core) (WA
Code Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Existing
4
20
$200
25%
95%
$-0.85
432,871
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-118
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors
R-5 (Composite Doors
with foam core) (WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
R-2.5 (Standard
non-thermal wood
door) (Below WA
Code - Single Family
and Manufactured
Homes Only)
Per Door
Existing
8
20
$126
85%
75%
$-1.44
2,284,523
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Doors Weatherization
Weatherstripping And
Adding Door Sweeps
Existing Non-Efficient
door
Per Door
Existing
2
6
$25
95%
50%
$-2.27
587,117
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Duct Insulation
Upgrade
R-8 (WA Code)
R-4 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
39
20
$1,336
75%
75%
$3.22
9,433,248
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Duct
Sealing Aerosol-Based
Spray-in ductwork
sealant to minimize
duct leaks
No Duct Sealing
Per Home
Existing
30
18
$827
50%
60%
$2.46
3,687,025
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
224
45
$1,621
20%
25%
$0.58
4,523,818
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-30 (WA Code)
R-15 (Existing
Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
21
45
$1,621
25%
50%
$6.03
1,074,182
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Floor Insulation
R-38 (Above WA
Code)
R-30 (WA Code)
Per Home
Existing
26
45
$426
25%
85%
$0.39
2,185,405
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Infiltration Control
(Caulk, Weather Strip,
etc.) Blower-Door test
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
Existing Infiltration
Conditions
Per Home
Existing
29
11
$596
75%
50%
$2.49
4,299,886
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Leak Proof Duct
Fittings
Quick connect fittings
that do not require
mastic or drawbands
(5 per unit)
standard ducts with 13 Per Home
SEER HVAC
Existing
113
30
$1,114
5.0%
95%
$0.79
2,046,489
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Thermostat Multi-Zone
Individual Room
Temperature Control
for Major Occupied
Rooms
Programmable
Thermostat - Central
Control Only
Per Home
Existing
36
11
$890
10%
95%
$3.25
1,553,455
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Wall Insulation 2x4
R-13 (Below WA
Code - Maximum
Insulation Feasible)
R-0 (Zero Insulation)
Per Home
Existing
212
45
$3,094
60%
15%
$1.32
7,202,899
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.22 (Above U-value = 0.32 (WA
WA Code)
Code)
Per Home
Existing
45
45
$5,316
55%
75%
$11.13
6,184,707
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Double Pane (Existing Per Home
Window)
Existing
193
45
$6,274
55%
15%
$3.11
5,621,639
Gas
Single Family Heat
Central
Furnace
Windows
U-value = 0.32 (WA
Code)
Single Pane (Existing
Window)
Per Home
Existing
235
45
$6,274
55%
5%
$2.56
2,208,990
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
100%
95%
$1.04
163,618
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Gas
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
0.84
14
$75
99%
95%
$-8.48
93
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
95%
50%
$4.68
684
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
20
40
$540
29%
90%
$2.76
126,369
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$5
95%
65%
$0.17
18,612
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
6
9
$4
95%
25%
$0.11
27,431
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-119
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.1. Residential Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
End Use
Measure Name
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
9
9
$4
67%
95%
$0.08
103,630
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
6
9
$3
67%
80%
$-1.22
61,600
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.07
36,774
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
27
10
$68
95%
85%
$-0.14
283,045
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$0.00
95%
5%
$-0.38
9,692
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Cold Water Only
Clothes Washer - Gas
Dryer
MEF = 1.66 - Gas
DHW & Gas Dryer
Per Unit Each
Existing
10
14
$80
100%
95%
$1.04
1,914,286
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
ENERGY STAR - Tier
3 (MEF 2.46 or higher)
Top 10% of ENERGY
STAR Model - Gas
DHW & Dryer
RTF Market Standard
2018 Clothes
Washer - MEF 2.36
and WF 4.1 (Gas
DHW & Dryer)
Per Unit Each
Existing
0.84
14
$75
99%
95%
$-8.48
1,094
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Home
Existing
0.84
12
$36
71%
50%
$4.68
5,636
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drain Water Heat
Recovery (GFX)
Gravity Film Heat
Exchanger
No Heat Exchanger
Per Home
Existing
20
40
$540
29%
90%
$2.76
1,357,655
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
1.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
5
9
$5
95%
65%
$0.17
218,314
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet Aerators
2.2 GPM
Existing Faucet
Aerator (3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
6
9
$4
95%
25%
$0.11
321,756
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
9
9
$4
67%
95%
$0.08
1,215,524
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Faucet
Aerators - Bathroom
Only
1.0 GPM
2.2 GPM
Per Home
Existing
6
9
$3
67%
80%
$-1.22
722,540
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Hot Water Pipe
Insulation
R-4 Wrap
No insulation
Per Home
Existing
2
5
$23
95%
75%
$2.25
395,175
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM
Per Home
Existing
27
10
$68
95%
85%
$-0.14
3,319,966
Gas
Single Family Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM
Existing Showerhead
(3.0 GPM)
Per Home
Existing
16
10
$0.00
95%
5%
$-0.38
113,690
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-120
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
78
15
$2,875
50%
94%
$5.14
57,845
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
43
20
$671
10%
90%
$1.93
5,805
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
98
7
$2,267
90%
80%
$5.00
68,084
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
102
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$48.08
15,356
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
117
5
$11,057
10%
59%
$25.51
10,229
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
117
5
$4,469
50%
80%
$10.31
54,793
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
117
10
$10,430
5.0%
94%
$15.16
7,661
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
76
10
$322
10%
39%
$0.72
4,066
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
186
25
$16,780
75%
85%
$11.11
162,392
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$16,780
75%
83%
$2,060.82
725
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
16
25
$4,734
75%
98%
$35.15
14,168
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
178
25
$8,846
35%
90%
$6.10
64,373
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
33
25
$2,729
35%
90%
$10.11
11,123
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
343
25
$10,857
10%
35%
$3.90
12,569
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
94
20
$1,553
75%
65%
$2.04
47,565
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
23
15
$779
95%
26%
$4.64
5,597
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.68 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
12
25
$60,038
10%
80%
$602.07
861
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
116
15
$2,875
50%
94%
$3.46
725,596
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
145
7
$2,267
90%
80%
$3.36
906,649
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
151
15
$34,959
15%
67%
$32.36
193,587
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
175
5
$11,057
10%
59%
$17.17
128,950
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
175
5
$4,469
50%
80%
$6.94
690,724
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
29
18
$4,599
45%
45%
$20.43
69,353
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-121
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
175
10
$10,430
5.0%
94%
$10.21
96,091
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
113
10
$322
10%
39%
$0.49
51,005
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
276
25
$16,780
75%
85%
$7.48
2,036,755
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$16,780
75%
83%
$1,387.14
9,104
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
24
25
$4,734
75%
98%
$23.66
177,700
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
49
25
$2,224
10%
15%
$5.60
7,093
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
265
25
$8,846
35%
90%
$4.11
806,877
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
49
25
$2,729
35%
90%
$6.81
139,421
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
510
25
$10,857
10%
35%
$2.63
157,544
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
35
15
$779
95%
26%
$3.13
74,536
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.68 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
18
25
$60,038
10%
80%
$405.25
11,476
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
18
10
$3,194
75%
94%
$29.55
4,377
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$44
24%
25%
$5.95
20
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
74
25
$1,250
5.0%
92%
$2.08
1,102
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
14
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.56
3,418
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
4
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.21
393
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
3
12
$25
75%
90%
$1.10
798
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
9
10
$452
75%
95%
$6.92
2,212
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
16
10
$3,194
75%
94%
$32.46
46,151
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$44
24%
25%
$5.95
241
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
67
25
$1,250
5.0%
92%
$2.29
11,620
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
13
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.55
36,041
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
4
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.16
4,146
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
3
12
$25
75%
90%
$1.20
8,419
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-122
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Gas
Dry Goods
Retail
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
8
10
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
115
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
10
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Gas
Grocery
Cooking
Steam Cooker
Gas
Grocery
Gas
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
$452
75%
95%
$7.69
23,321
10
$9
95%
75%
$0.01
22,673
8
$54
45%
35%
$1.06
442
8
12
$166
45%
35%
$3.03
107
Existing
71
12
$112
85%
85%
$0.25
14,242
Per Building
Existing
647
10
$144
5.0%
85%
$0.04
7,601
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
232
12
$269
25%
90%
$0.18
14,462
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
158
12
$308
5.0%
35%
$0.31
1,459
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
399
20
$1,868
10%
90%
$0.58
125
Grocery
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
908
7
$6,308
90%
80%
$1.50
1,761
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,090
5
$30,771
10%
61%
$7.68
230
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,090
5
$12,433
50%
80%
$3.10
1,199
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,090
10
$29,025
5.0%
94%
$4.56
167
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
327
10
$5,448
64%
85%
$2.85
578
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
554
10
$635
10%
39%
$0.20
68
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,671
25
$48,345
75%
10%
$3.57
396
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
9
25
$48,345
75%
70%
$632.77
15
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
149
25
$13,637
75%
85%
$11.28
295
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,675
25
$25,490
35%
45%
$1.88
808
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
311
25
$7,862
35%
45%
$3.11
144
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,259
25
$27,368
10%
35%
$1.04
334
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
876
20
$2,590
75%
65%
$0.37
1,232
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
218
15
$754
95%
31%
$0.49
171
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
54
25
$18,650
10%
85%
$268.61
11
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,350
7
$6,308
90%
80%
$1.01
344,125
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-123
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,620
5
$30,771
10%
61%
$5.17
42,568
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,620
5
$12,433
50%
80%
$2.09
221,856
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
270
18
$12,799
45%
45%
$6.15
22,275
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,620
10
$29,025
5.0%
94%
$3.07
30,864
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
486
10
$5,448
64%
85%
$1.92
106,414
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
823
10
$635
10%
39%
$0.13
12,528
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,483
25
$48,345
75%
10%
$2.40
72,923
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
14
25
$48,345
75%
70%
$425.91
2,828
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
221
25
$13,637
75%
85%
$7.59
54,305
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
453
25
$6,192
10%
15%
$1.68
2,581
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,488
25
$25,490
35%
45%
$1.26
148,632
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
463
25
$7,862
35%
45%
$2.09
26,662
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,956
25
$27,368
10%
35%
$0.68
62,969
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
324
15
$754
95%
31%
$0.33
33,553
Gas
Grocery
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
80
25
$18,650
10%
85%
$180.80
2,216
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
233
10
$8,889
75%
94%
$6.53
2,855
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.99
12
$44
24%
25%
$7.12
1
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
37
12
$568
95%
95%
$-15.70
588
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
933
25
$8,331
5.0%
92%
$1.10
713
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
180
9
$12
95%
75%
$-0.07
2,230
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
62
9
$9
95%
25%
$-0.46
256
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$247
95%
74%
$2.13
444
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
46
12
$102
75%
90%
$0.35
514
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-124
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Gas
Grocery
Gas
Measure
Description
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
116
10
$1,258
75%
95%
$1.31
1,442
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
531
10
$29,121
75%
55%
$9.38
3,474
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
212
10
$8,889
75%
94%
$7.17
30,105
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.99
12
$44
24%
25%
$7.12
12
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
34
12
$513
95%
95%
$-17.50
6,199
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
849
25
$8,331
5.0%
92%
$1.21
7,523
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
164
9
$12
95%
75%
$-0.06
23,511
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
56
9
$9
95%
25%
$-0.47
2,704
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$247
95%
74%
$2.13
5,147
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
42
12
$102
75%
90%
$0.38
5,416
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
106
10
$1,258
75%
95%
$1.50
15,213
Gas
Grocery
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
484
10
$29,121
75%
55%
$10.30
36,608
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
11
10
$1
95%
75%
$0.02
15,617
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
0.07
8
$3
45%
35%
$8.51
23
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
1
12
$32
45%
35%
$2.90
29
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
7
12
$23
85%
55%
$0.51
6,347
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
66
10
$11
5.0%
85%
$0.03
5,236
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
23
12
$20
25%
90%
$0.13
9,962
Gas
Hospital
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
32
12
$62
5.0%
35%
$0.31
1,985
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
536
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$1.11
19,254
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
295
20
$992
10%
90%
$0.42
20,183
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-125
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
670
7
$3,352
90%
80%
$1.08
280,597
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
697
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$10.41
53,182
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
805
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$5.52
30,991
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
805
5
$6,606
75%
80%
$2.23
262,223
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
805
10
$15,419
5.0%
94%
$3.28
26,161
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
241
10
$5,450
62%
85%
$3.87
86,734
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
536
10
$440
10%
39%
$0.14
13,942
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
918
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$2.46
59,764
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
10
25
$18,315
75%
70%
$209.10
3,724
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
111
25
$5,166
75%
85%
$5.70
46,711
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-19 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
486
25
$9,655
35%
35%
$2.45
38,582
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
203
25
$2,979
35%
35%
$1.81
15,928
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,787
25
$11,248
10%
35%
$0.37
84,445
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
646
20
$1,888
75%
65%
$0.36
195,918
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
161
15
$1,053
95%
24%
$0.92
21,202
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
1,341
10
$35,871
25%
98%
$4.58
173,775
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
69
25
$82,156
10%
60%
$145.84
2,068
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
797
15
$4,249
5.0%
94%
$0.75
45,354
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
996
7
$3,352
90%
80%
$0.73
708,122
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
1,036
15
$51,680
15%
67%
$7.01
126,374
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,196
5
$16,345
20%
26%
$3.72
73,360
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Per Building
Existing
1,196
5
$6,606
75%
80%
$1.50
620,711
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Pneumatic
Appendix B.3-126
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
199
18
$6,800
45%
45%
$4.42
44,469
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,196
10
$15,419
5.0%
94%
$2.21
61,613
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
358
10
$5,450
62%
85%
$2.60
204,269
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
797
10
$440
10%
39%
$0.09
32,835
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,363
25
$18,315
75%
13%
$1.66
140,751
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
16
25
$18,315
75%
70%
$140.74
8,772
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
165
25
$5,166
75%
85%
$3.84
110,012
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
334
25
$3,289
10%
15%
$1.21
5,154
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-19 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
723
25
$9,655
35%
35%
$1.65
90,809
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
301
25
$2,979
35%
35%
$1.22
37,490
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,575
25
$11,248
10%
35%
$0.39
126,287
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
239
15
$1,053
95%
24%
$0.62
53,506
Gas
Hospital
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
103
25
$82,156
10%
60%
$98.17
5,561
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1,243
10
$8,285
0.8%
95%
$0.12
669
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
3
7
$42
95%
80%
$-8.01
220
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
410
10
$4,722
55%
94%
$1.97
16,042
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$61
11%
25%
$6.00
2
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
41
12
$627
95%
95%
$-13.97
2,830
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,643
25
$12,082
5.0%
92%
$0.91
5,535
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
317
9
$17
95%
75%
$-0.03
17,108
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
109
9
$13
95%
25%
$-0.35
1,968
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
19
4
$129
95%
83%
$2.06
1,146
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6
10
$62
95%
73%
$-0.94
356
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-127
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
13
10
$51
95%
35%
$-1.80
341
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
82
12
$148
75%
70%
$0.28
3,111
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
205
10
$1,669
75%
90%
$0.99
10,487
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1,131
10
$8,285
0.8%
95%
$0.24
7,061
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
3
7
$42
95%
80%
$-8.01
2,554
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
374
10
$4,722
55%
94%
$2.16
169,129
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$61
11%
25%
$6.00
32
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
37
12
$570
95%
95%
$-15.58
29,845
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,496
25
$12,082
5.0%
92%
$1.00
58,362
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
289
9
$17
95%
75%
$-0.03
180,376
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
99
9
$13
95%
25%
$-0.35
20,749
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
19
4
$129
95%
83%
$2.06
13,274
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6
10
$62
95%
73%
$-0.94
4,128
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
13
10
$51
95%
35%
$-1.80
3,959
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
74
12
$148
75%
70%
$0.31
32,798
Gas
Hospital
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
187
10
$1,669
75%
90%
$1.12
110,571
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
26
10
$1
95%
75%
$0.01
15,080
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
0.56
8
$13
35%
35%
$4.91
55
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
2
12
$40
45%
35%
$2.99
18
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
16
12
$27
85%
55%
$0.27
6,129
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
147
10
$34
5.0%
85%
$0.04
5,056
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
52
12
$64
15%
90%
$0.19
5,771
Gas
Hotel Motel
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
38
12
$75
2.5%
35%
$0.31
520
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-128
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Hotel Motel
Pool Heat
RE - Installation of
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
No Solar Pool Heating Per Building
System
Existing
197
12
$9,119
30%
90%
$7.26
19,313
Gas
Hotel Motel
Pool Heat
Swimming Pool/Spa
Covers
Automatic Plastic Or
Foam Pool Covers
(50-65% Energy
Savings)
No Pool Covers
Per Building
Existing
784
10
$6,292
95%
35%
$1.37
94,393
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
57
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$10.73
7,908
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
157
20
$1,022
10%
30%
$0.81
1,375
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
358
7
$3,450
90%
80%
$2.09
57,036
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
372
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$20.07
10,948
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
429
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$10.65
6,462
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
429
5
$6,800
50%
80%
$4.30
39,102
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
429
10
$15,872
5.0%
94%
$6.33
5,467
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
128
10
$5,449
58%
85%
$7.24
16,992
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
286
10
$933
10%
39%
$0.56
2,918
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
421
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$3.32
20,703
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
4
25
$11,371
75%
70%
$320.78
584
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
51
25
$3,208
75%
85%
$7.71
8,323
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
678
25
$5,995
35%
45%
$1.09
26,858
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
86
25
$1,850
35%
45%
$2.63
3,312
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,314
25
$17,675
10%
35%
$1.66
11,084
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
345
20
$1,915
75%
65%
$0.69
39,907
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
85
15
$1,749
95%
31%
$2.86
5,647
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
716
10
$36,924
25%
98%
$8.83
35,322
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
21
25
$74,129
10%
50%
$999.87
202
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Appendix B.3-129
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
85
15
$4,375
50%
94%
$7.22
4,465
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
532
7
$3,450
90%
80%
$1.40
33,961
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
553
15
$53,200
15%
67%
$13.51
6,191
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
638
5
$16,826
10%
52%
$7.17
3,654
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
638
5
$6,800
50%
80%
$2.90
22,113
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
106
18
$6,999
45%
45%
$8.52
2,220
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
638
10
$15,872
5.0%
94%
$4.26
3,076
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
191
10
$5,449
58%
85%
$4.87
9,561
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
425
10
$933
10%
39%
$0.38
1,641
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
626
25
$11,371
75%
25%
$2.24
11,649
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6
25
$11,371
75%
70%
$215.92
328
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
76
25
$3,208
75%
85%
$5.19
4,683
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
178
25
$3,386
10%
15%
$2.34
255
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,007
25
$5,995
35%
45%
$0.73
15,102
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
129
25
$1,850
35%
45%
$1.77
1,862
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,348
25
$17,675
10%
35%
$0.93
7,492
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
127
15
$1,749
95%
31%
$1.92
3,362
Gas
Hotel Motel
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
31
25
$74,129
10%
50%
$673.02
128
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
967
10
$8,285
1.8%
95%
$0.45
432
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
35
7
$401
95%
80%
$1.31
733
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
319
10
$4,861
55%
80%
$2.61
3,761
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
2
12
$101
24%
25%
$6.34
3
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-130
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Gas
Hotel Motel
Gas
Baseline
Description
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Per Building
Existing
56
12
$852
95%
95%
$-9.63
1,371
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,279
25
$11,458
5.0%
92%
$1.11
1,525
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
247
9
$69
95%
75%
$0.05
4,739
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
85
9
$59
95%
25%
$0.04
545
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
32
4
$220
95%
93%
$2.11
770
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
245
10
$1,591
95%
73%
$1.02
4,573
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
490
10
$1,324
95%
35%
$0.37
4,385
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
63
12
$139
75%
90%
$0.34
1,070
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
159
10
$6,877
75%
85%
$7.28
2,743
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
880
10
$8,285
1.8%
95%
$0.59
4,563
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
35
7
$401
95%
80%
$1.31
8,489
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
291
10
$4,861
55%
80%
$2.86
39,643
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
2
12
$101
24%
25%
$6.34
43
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
51
12
$775
95%
95%
$-10.82
14,455
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,164
25
$11,458
5.0%
92%
$1.21
16,080
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
224
9
$69
95%
75%
$0.05
49,964
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
77
9
$59
95%
25%
$0.06
5,747
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
32
4
$220
95%
93%
$2.11
8,926
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
245
10
$1,591
95%
73%
$1.02
52,958
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
490
10
$1,324
95%
35%
$0.37
50,782
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
58
12
$139
75%
90%
$0.38
11,247
Gas
Hotel Motel
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
145
10
$6,877
75%
85%
$8.00
28,927
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Appendix B.3-131
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Office
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
328
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$1.66
1,066,807
Gas
Office
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
180
20
$904
10%
45%
$0.62
34,811
Gas
Office
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
411
7
$3,056
90%
80%
$1.61
1,026,378
Gas
Office
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
427
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$15.49
184,610
Gas
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
493
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$8.22
115,515
Gas
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
493
5
$6,024
75%
80%
$3.32
906,197
Gas
Office
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
493
10
$14,059
5.0%
94%
$4.89
90,409
Gas
Office
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
328
10
$502
10%
39%
$0.26
49,342
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
366
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$5.11
42,449
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
6
25
$15,196
75%
50%
$296.57
9,112
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
44
25
$4,286
75%
65%
$11.85
83,605
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
643
25
$8,011
35%
15%
$1.53
129,001
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
119
25
$2,471
35%
15%
$2.54
23,765
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,445
25
$16,510
10%
35%
$1.41
190,740
Gas
Office
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
396
20
$1,802
75%
65%
$0.57
717,062
Gas
Office
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
98
15
$1,158
95%
26%
$1.65
84,379
Gas
Office
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
822
10
$32,704
25%
98%
$6.82
635,641
Gas
Office
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
488
15
$3,875
75%
94%
$1.11
2,142,715
Gas
Office
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
610
7
$3,056
90%
80%
$1.08
2,162,482
Gas
Office
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
635
15
$47,120
15%
67%
$10.43
371,716
Gas
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
732
5
$14,904
20%
28%
$5.53
232,591
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-132
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Office
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
732
5
$6,024
75%
80%
$2.24
1,824,642
Gas
Office
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
122
18
$6,199
45%
45%
$6.58
130,721
Gas
Office
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
732
10
$14,059
5.0%
94%
$3.29
181,119
Gas
Office
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
488
10
$502
10%
39%
$0.18
98,849
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
544
25
$15,196
75%
4%
$3.44
85,040
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
9
25
$15,196
75%
50%
$199.62
18,255
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
66
25
$4,286
75%
65%
$7.97
167,488
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
205
25
$2,998
10%
15%
$1.80
15,838
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
956
25
$8,011
35%
15%
$1.03
258,269
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
178
25
$2,471
35%
15%
$1.71
47,579
Gas
Office
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,447
25
$16,510
10%
35%
$0.59
612,927
Gas
Office
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
146
15
$1,158
95%
26%
$1.11
177,778
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
31
10
$4,305
55%
80%
$23.08
5,568
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$66
8.1%
25%
$6.09
12
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
127
25
$2,083
5.0%
92%
$2.01
2,277
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
24
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.27
6,968
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
8
9
$4
95%
25%
$-0.93
801
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1
10
$13
95%
73%
$-9.03
340
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
2
10
$12
95%
35%
$-10.10
326
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
6
12
$24
75%
30%
$0.61
549
Gas
Office
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
15
10
$609
75%
85%
$5.43
4,034
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
29
10
$4,305
55%
80%
$25.35
58,710
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$66
8.1%
25%
$6.09
141
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
116
25
$2,083
5.0%
92%
$2.21
24,011
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-133
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
22
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
7
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
1
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
2
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
Gas
Office
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Gas
Other
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Gas
Other
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Gas
Other
Cooking
Gas
Other
Gas
Gas
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
$6
95%
75%
$-0.30
73,463
9
$4
95%
25%
$-0.89
8,450
10
$13
95%
73%
$-9.03
3,941
10
$12
95%
35%
$-10.10
3,779
5
12
$24
75%
30%
$0.67
5,790
Existing
14
10
$609
75%
85%
$6.10
42,531
Per Building
Existing
8
10
$2
95%
75%
$0.05
55,971
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
0.19
8
$14
20%
35%
$14.70
118
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
2
12
$39
20%
35%
$2.94
53
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
5
12
$27
85%
85%
$0.78
35,158
Other
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
50
10
$34
5.0%
85%
$0.12
18,765
Other
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
18
12
$65
5.0%
90%
$0.57
7,140
Gas
Other
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
23
12
$44
5.0%
35%
$0.30
6,757
Gas
Other
Pool Heat
RE - Installation of
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
No Solar Pool Heating Per Building
System
Existing
197
12
$9,119
5.0%
90%
$7.26
20,653
Gas
Other
Pool Heat
Swimming Pool/Spa
Covers
Automatic Plastic Or
Foam Pool Covers
(50-65% Energy
Savings)
No Pool Covers
Per Building
Existing
784
10
$6,292
95%
35%
$1.37
605,640
Gas
Other
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
168
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$2.51
325,115
Gas
Other
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
92
20
$700
10%
90%
$0.94
32,631
Gas
Other
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
210
7
$2,366
90%
80%
$2.44
446,510
Gas
Other
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
218
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$23.43
85,983
Gas
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
252
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$12.43
63,622
Gas
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
252
5
$4,663
50%
80%
$5.03
307,680
Gas
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
252
10
$10,883
5.0%
94%
$7.39
43,021
Gas
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
75
10
$5,450
5.0%
85%
$12.33
11,588
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
9
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Appendix B.3-134
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Other
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
110
10
$172
10%
39%
$0.27
15,325
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
236
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$9.14
190,766
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
3
25
$17,522
75%
70%
$556.89
7,072
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
28
25
$4,943
75%
85%
$21.18
63,619
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
556
25
$9,238
35%
50%
$2.05
334,164
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
71
25
$2,849
35%
50%
$4.93
40,325
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
735
25
$8,620
10%
35%
$1.45
82,494
Gas
Other
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
202
20
$1,586
75%
65%
$0.97
312,185
Gas
Other
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
50
15
$778
95%
28%
$2.17
40,531
Gas
Other
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
420
10
$25,319
25%
98%
$10.31
276,526
Gas
Other
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
12
25
$32,054
10%
70%
$313.46
2,223
Gas
Other
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
250
15
$3,000
50%
94%
$1.69
1,006,165
Gas
Other
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
312
7
$2,366
90%
80%
$1.64
1,459,463
Gas
Other
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
325
15
$36,479
15%
67%
$15.77
268,442
Gas
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
375
5
$11,538
10%
66%
$8.37
197,868
Gas
Other
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
375
5
$4,663
50%
80%
$3.38
956,894
Gas
Other
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
62
18
$4,799
45%
45%
$9.95
96,078
Gas
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
375
10
$10,883
5.0%
94%
$4.97
133,120
Gas
Other
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
112
10
$5,450
5.0%
85%
$8.30
35,857
Gas
Other
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
163
10
$172
10%
39%
$0.18
47,422
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
351
25
$17,522
75%
30%
$6.15
590,285
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
5
25
$17,522
75%
70%
$374.84
21,885
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
42
25
$4,943
75%
85%
$14.26
196,857
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-135
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
Gas
Other
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Gas
Other
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Gas
Other
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Gas
Other
Gas
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Per Building
Existing
105
25
$2,320
10%
15%
$2.73
11,249
Per Building
Existing
827
25
$9,238
35%
50%
$1.38
1,033,348
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
105
25
$2,849
35%
50%
$3.32
124,700
Per Building
Existing
1,450
25
$8,620
10%
35%
$0.73
338,868
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
75
15
$778
95%
28%
$1.46
132,479
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
18
25
$32,054
10%
70%
$210.99
7,742
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
66
10
$8,285
0.3%
95%
$20.28
68
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1
7
$14
95%
80%
$-10.25
422
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
22
10
$3,333
75%
94%
$25.92
6,738
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$45
5.4%
25%
$6.08
6
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$19
95%
95%
$-535.99
494
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
88
25
$2,292
5.0%
92%
$3.21
1,692
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
17
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.52
5,275
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
5
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.16
606
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
19
4
$130
95%
93%
$2.09
7,323
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
0.96
10
$10
95%
73%
$-12.35
289
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1
10
$9
95%
35%
$-13.00
277
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
4
12
$28
75%
90%
$1.03
1,174
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
11
10
$471
75%
95%
$5.94
3,413
Gas
Other
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
0.49
10
$10,920
75%
100%
$3,797.33
142
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
60
10
$8,285
0.3%
95%
$22.37
725
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
No Insulation
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Appendix B.3-136
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
1
7
$14
95%
80%
$-10.25
4,896
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
20
10
$3,333
75%
94%
$28.47
71,024
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$45
5.4%
25%
$6.08
69
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$17
95%
95%
$-588.83
5,215
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
80
25
$2,292
5.0%
92%
$3.52
17,835
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
15
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.48
55,621
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
5
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.14
6,398
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
19
4
$130
95%
93%
$2.09
84,796
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
0.96
10
$10
95%
73%
$-12.35
3,350
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
1
10
$9
95%
35%
$-13.00
3,213
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
4
12
$28
75%
90%
$1.13
12,328
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
10
10
$471
75%
95%
$6.60
35,990
Gas
Other
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Water Cooled
Heat Recovery from
Refrigeration with Heat refrigeration system.
Recovery
Applied to Water
Heating Electric End
use
No heat recovery
Per Building
Existing
0.44
10
$10,920
75%
100%
$4,170.53
1,490
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
104
10
$79
95%
75%
$0.13
267,388
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
69
8
$419
65%
35%
$1.20
56,481
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
30
12
$582
75%
35%
$3.00
28,791
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
64
12
$400
85%
85%
$0.97
167,961
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
589
10
$1,069
35%
85%
$0.31
627,543
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
211
12
$2,022
45%
80%
$1.50
272,902
Gas
Restaurant
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
560
12
$1,091
20%
35%
$0.31
267,028
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
27
7
$690
90%
80%
$5.49
49,883
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
32
5
$3,365
10%
100%
$28.05
11,922
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-137
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
32
5
$1,360
50%
80%
$11.34
37,579
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
5
18
$1,399
45%
45%
$33.37
3,773
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
32
10
$6,019
5.0%
94%
$31.61
5,227
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
9
10
$5,449
100%
85%
$95.41
28,164
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
21
10
$142
10%
39%
$1.13
2,744
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
36
25
$4,929
75%
85%
$16.57
75,832
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
0.49
25
$4,929
75%
83%
$1,230.50
890
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
4
25
$1,390
75%
98%
$38.42
9,482
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
9
25
$677
10%
15%
$9.14
390
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
48
25
$2,598
35%
90%
$6.55
43,822
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
9
25
$801
35%
90%
$10.87
7,579
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
99
25
$4,526
10%
35%
$5.59
9,110
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
6
15
$807
95%
25%
$17.38
4,052
Gas
Restaurant
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1
25
$26,631
10%
80%
$2,014.59
302
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
88
10
$972
75%
94%
$1.88
7,721
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$46
46%
25%
$5.80
15
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
173
12
$2,624
95%
95%
$-1.53
19,385
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
354
25
$1,874
5.0%
92%
$0.65
1,765
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
68
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.79
6,030
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
23
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.56
693
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$246
95%
46%
$1.42
1,979
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
17
12
$25
75%
90%
$0.23
1,265
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
44
10
$392
75%
75%
$-0.19
3,080
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-138
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
80
10
$972
75%
94%
$2.07
81,409
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
1
12
$46
46%
25%
$5.80
174
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
158
12
$2,390
95%
95%
$-1.91
204,378
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
322
25
$1,874
5.0%
92%
$0.72
18,618
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
62
9
$4
95%
75%
$-0.78
63,576
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
21
9
$3
95%
25%
$-1.56
7,313
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$246
95%
46%
$1.42
22,916
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
16
12
$25
75%
90%
$0.25
13,330
Gas
Restaurant
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
40
10
$392
75%
75%
$-0.04
32,477
Gas
School
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
21
10
$0.00
95%
75%
$0.00
11,562
Gas
School
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
0.21
8
$5
45%
35%
$4.87
25
Gas
School
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
0.71
12
$16
65%
35%
$3.54
2
Gas
School
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$5
85%
40%
$0.06
3,417
Gas
School
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
122
10
$16
5.0%
85%
$0.02
3,876
Gas
School
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
43
12
$32
25%
90%
$0.12
7,375
Gas
School
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$26
5.0%
35%
$0.32
325
Gas
School
Pool Heat
RE - Installation of
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
No Solar Pool Heating Per Building
System
Existing
851
12
$9,118
5.0%
90%
$1.69
8,128
Gas
School
Pool Heat
Swimming Pool/Spa
Covers
Automatic Plastic Or
Foam Pool Covers
(50-65% Energy
Savings)
No Pool Covers
Per Building
Existing
3,379
10
$6,291
95%
35%
$0.32
238,353
Gas
School
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
598
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$3.14
153,825
Gas
School
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
328
20
$3,121
10%
65%
$1.18
22,851
Gas
School
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
747
7
$10,545
90%
80%
$3.05
436,755
Gas
School
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
777
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$29.39
83,486
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-139
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
897
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$15.60
32,348
Gas
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
897
5
$20,795
50%
80%
$6.30
300,156
Gas
School
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
897
10
$48,525
5.0%
94%
$9.27
41,969
Gas
School
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
269
10
$5,454
73%
85%
$3.47
164,443
Gas
School
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
598
10
$1,410
10%
39%
$0.40
22,268
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,355
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$7.57
145,906
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
7
25
$83,170
75%
70%
$1,307.59
3,841
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
120
25
$23,466
75%
85%
$23.94
71,829
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,392
25
$43,848
35%
35%
$3.89
156,874
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
259
25
$13,532
35%
35%
$6.44
28,368
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,220
25
$20,366
10%
35%
$0.60
131,326
Gas
School
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
720
20
$3,352
75%
65%
$0.58
304,685
Gas
School
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
179
15
$734
95%
21%
$0.58
28,745
Gas
School
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
1,495
10
$12,885
25%
98%
$12.94
270,485
Gas
School
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
77
25
$63,000
10%
60%
$418.94
3,220
Gas
School
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
888
15
$13,377
25%
94%
$2.12
64,312
Gas
School
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,110
7
$10,545
90%
80%
$2.06
195,215
Gas
School
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
1,155
15
$62,639
15%
67%
$19.78
35,162
Gas
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,332
5
$51,438
10%
34%
$10.50
13,572
Gas
School
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,332
5
$20,795
50%
80%
$4.24
125,934
Gas
School
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
222
18
$21,401
45%
45%
$12.49
12,644
Gas
School
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,332
10
$48,525
5.0%
94%
$6.24
17,519
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-140
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
School
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
399
10
$5,454
73%
85%
$2.34
68,645
Gas
School
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
888
10
$1,410
10%
39%
$0.27
9,295
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,013
25
$83,170
75%
15%
$5.10
60,907
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
11
25
$83,170
75%
70%
$880.16
1,603
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
179
25
$23,466
75%
85%
$16.12
29,984
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
373
25
$10,352
10%
15%
$3.42
1,447
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,068
25
$43,848
35%
35%
$2.62
65,444
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
384
25
$13,532
35%
35%
$4.34
11,834
Gas
School
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,174
25
$20,366
10%
35%
$0.60
36,471
Gas
School
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
266
15
$734
95%
21%
$0.39
12,848
Gas
School
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
115
25
$63,000
10%
60%
$281.99
1,533
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
548
10
$8,281
1.8%
95%
$1.57
497
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
9
7
$107
95%
80%
$-1.66
397
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
181
10
$14,862
55%
94%
$14.05
5,093
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.96
12
$42
35%
25%
$7.00
4
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
19
12
$300
95%
95%
$-31.95
974
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
725
25
$7,916
5.0%
92%
$1.35
1,757
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
140
9
$21
95%
75%
$0.00
5,449
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
48
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.22
626
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$246
95%
65%
$2.14
1,223
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
30
10
$348
95%
73%
$1.48
1,157
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
61
10
$289
95%
35%
$0.40
1,110
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
36
12
$96
75%
70%
$0.42
977
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-141
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
School
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
90
10
$2,102
75%
75%
$3.66
2,783
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
499
10
$8,281
1.8%
95%
$1.83
5,247
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
9
7
$107
95%
80%
$-1.66
4,606
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
165
10
$14,862
55%
94%
$15.43
53,693
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.96
12
$42
35%
25%
$7.00
53
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
17
12
$273
95%
95%
$-35.33
10,269
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
660
25
$7,916
5.0%
92%
$1.48
18,521
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
127
9
$21
95%
75%
$0.00
57,451
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
44
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.24
6,608
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$246
95%
65%
$2.14
14,165
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
30
10
$348
95%
73%
$1.48
13,403
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
61
10
$289
95%
35%
$0.40
12,852
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
33
12
$96
75%
70%
$0.46
10,295
Gas
School
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
82
10
$2,102
75%
75%
$4.06
29,348
Gas
University
Cooking
Broiler
High-Efficiency Broiler
(34% Efficient)
Standard Broiler (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
51
10
$0.00
95%
75%
$0.00
16,625
Gas
University
Cooking
Fryers - Commercial
Gas Cooking
Energy Star
Commercial Fryer
(50% efficient)
Non-Energy Star Fryer Per Building
(35% efficient)
Existing
0.97
8
$11
45%
35%
$2.28
70
Gas
University
Cooking
Griddle
High-Efficiency Griddle Standard Griddle (32% Per Building
(40% Efficient)
Efficient)
Existing
1
12
$28
65%
35%
$3.24
6
Gas
University
Cooking
High Efficiency
Convection Oven
Convection Oven
Standard Oven
Per Building
Existing
31
12
$16
85%
40%
$0.08
4,914
Gas
University
Cooking
Oven - Conveyor
High-Efficiency Model
(23% Efficient)
Standard Model (15%
Efficient)
Per Building
Existing
286
10
$28
5.0%
85%
$0.02
5,573
Gas
University
Cooking
Oven - Power Burner
Power Burner
Oven - Improved
Atmospheric Burner
(60% Efficient)
Standard (40%-50%
Efficiency)
Per Building
Existing
103
12
$61
25%
90%
$0.09
10,604
Gas
University
Cooking
Steam Cooker
ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Non ENERGY STAR
Steam Cooker
Per Building
Existing
24
12
$44
5.0%
35%
$0.28
380
Gas
University
Pool Heat
RE - Installation of
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
Solar Pool/Spa
Heating Systems
No Solar Pool Heating Per Building
System
Existing
851
12
$9,123
50%
90%
$1.69
49,800
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-142
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Gas
University
Pool Heat
Gas
University
Gas
Measure Name
Swimming Pool/Spa
Covers
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Automatic Plastic Or
Foam Pool Covers
(50-65% Energy
Savings)
No Pool Covers
Per Building
Existing
3,379
10
$6,295
95%
35%
$0.32
146,037
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Boiler
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,252
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$1.57
197,303
University
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
688
20
$3,271
10%
90%
$0.59
40,583
Gas
University
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
1,565
7
$11,040
90%
80%
$1.53
571,108
Gas
University
Space Heat Convert Constant
Boiler
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
1,627
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$14.70
106,935
Gas
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,878
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$7.80
41,302
Gas
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,878
5
$21,765
50%
80%
$3.15
384,469
Gas
University
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,878
10
$50,793
5.0%
94%
$4.63
53,758
Gas
University
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Boiler
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
563
10
$5,452
73%
85%
$1.66
210,634
Gas
University
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,252
10
$1,472
10%
39%
$0.20
28,523
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,956
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$1.62
168,760
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
11
25
$38,808
75%
70%
$434.45
3,309
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
263
25
$10,944
75%
85%
$5.12
96,126
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,103
25
$20,461
35%
35%
$1.20
145,393
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
391
25
$6,306
35%
35%
$1.99
26,506
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,744
25
$21,315
10%
35%
$0.46
110,659
Gas
University
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
1,509
20
$3,428
75%
65%
$0.28
398,410
Gas
University
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
375
15
$1,641
95%
21%
$0.61
37,587
Gas
University
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
3,130
10
$18,163
25%
98%
$6.47
353,690
Gas
University
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
162
25
$75,287
10%
60%
$209.47
4,210
Gas
University
Space Heat Automated Ventilation
Furnace
VFD Control
(Occupancy
Sensors / CO2
Sensors)
Demand Controlled
Ventilation (CO2
sensors)
Constant Ventilation
Per Building
Existing
1,860
15
$13,996
25%
94%
$1.06
82,491
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-143
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
University
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
2,325
7
$11,040
90%
80%
$1.03
253,652
Gas
University
Space Heat Convert Constant
Furnace
Volume Air System to
VAV
Variable Volume Air
System
Constant Volume Air
System
Per Building
Existing
2,418
15
$70,238
15%
67%
$9.89
45,102
Gas
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
2,790
5
$53,845
10%
34%
$5.25
17,353
Gas
University
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
2,790
5
$21,765
50%
80%
$2.12
161,536
Gas
University
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
465
18
$22,400
45%
45%
$6.24
16,219
Gas
University
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
2,790
10
$50,793
5.0%
94%
$3.12
22,472
Gas
University
Space Heat Exhaust Hood
Furnace
Makeup Air
Provide Makeup Air
Hood Pulls
Directly at Exhaust
Conditioned Air (No
Hood Instead of
Make-up Air)
Pulling Conditioned Air
Per Building
Existing
837
10
$5,452
73%
85%
$1.12
88,051
Gas
University
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
1,860
10
$1,472
10%
39%
$0.14
11,923
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-7 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
4,391
25
$38,808
75%
13%
$1.09
70,546
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
16
25
$38,808
75%
70%
$292.43
1,383
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
391
25
$10,944
75%
85%
$3.45
40,183
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
781
25
$10,832
10%
15%
$1.71
1,860
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-11 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
3,125
25
$20,461
35%
35%
$0.81
60,740
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
581
25
$6,306
35%
35%
$1.34
11,073
Gas
University
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
8,178
25
$21,315
10%
35%
$0.32
44,304
Gas
University
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
558
15
$1,641
95%
21%
$0.41
16,694
Gas
University
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.67 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
240
25
$75,287
10%
60%
$140.99
1,992
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
973
10
$8,280
1.8%
95%
$0.44
541
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
10
7
$118
95%
80%
$-1.25
255
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
321
10
$15,559
55%
94%
$8.28
5,546
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
2
12
$89
35%
25%
$6.54
6
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-144
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Gas
University
Gas
Baseline
Description
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Per Building
Existing
33
12
$505
95%
95%
$-17.82
1,012
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,287
25
$8,330
5.0%
92%
$0.80
1,913
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
248
9
$22
95%
75%
$-0.01
5,928
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
85
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.25
681
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$247
95%
65%
$2.14
749
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
32
10
$365
95%
73%
$1.48
742
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
64
10
$303
95%
35%
$0.40
711
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
64
12
$101
75%
70%
$0.25
1,070
Gas
University
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
160
10
$2,203
75%
75%
$2.04
3,028
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes
Washer - Ozonating
Ozonating Clothes
Washer
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
886
10
$8,280
1.8%
95%
$0.58
5,709
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Clothes Washer
Commercial
ENERGY STAR
Commercial Clothes
Washer - MEF = 2.43,
WF = 4.0
2013 Federal Standard Per Building
Clothes
Washer - MEF = 1.6,
WF = 8.5
Existing
10
7
$118
95%
80%
$-1.25
2,954
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
293
10
$15,559
55%
94%
$9.10
58,470
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
2
12
$89
35%
25%
$6.54
73
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwashing Commercial - Low
Temp
Low-Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher (Includes
Extra Chemical
Cost) - (ENERGY
STAR)
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Per Building
Existing
30
12
$460
95%
95%
$-19.81
10,674
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
1,172
25
$8,330
5.0%
92%
$0.88
20,173
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
226
9
$22
95%
75%
$-0.01
62,505
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
78
9
$16
95%
25%
$-0.23
7,190
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Pre-Rinse
Spray Valves
0.6 GPM
1.6 GPM (Federal
Standard)
Per Building
Existing
36
4
$247
95%
65%
$2.14
8,679
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
1.5 GPM
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
32
10
$365
95%
73%
$1.48
8,596
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow
Showerheads
2.5 GPM (Federal
Code)
4.5 GPM
Per Building
Existing
64
10
$303
95%
35%
$0.40
8,242
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
58
12
$101
75%
70%
$0.27
11,279
Gas
University
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
146
10
$2,203
75%
75%
$2.27
31,929
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Standard High Temp
Commercial
Dishwasher
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Appendix B.3-145
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Boiler Economizer
Boiler
Economizer
No Economizer
Per Building
Existing
275
20
$3,533
10%
90%
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Commissioning of
Boiler
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
625
7
$11,924
90%
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
750
5
$58,171
20%
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Boiler
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
750
5
$23,516
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Boiler
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
750
10
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Boiler
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
156
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Boiler
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Boiler
(non-slab)
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Boiler
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Pipe Insulation - Boiler 3" of Insulation,
Boiler
assuming R-12 (WA
State Code)
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Programmable
Boiler
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Gas
Warehouse
Gas
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
$1.60
857
80%
$4.13
11,635
93%
$21.08
4,819
75%
98%
$8.52
13,543
$54,874
5.0%
94%
$12.53
1,085
10
$429
10%
39%
$0.47
184
792
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$14.77
1,813
Existing
7
25
$94,937
75%
70%
$1,504.69
123
Per Building
Existing
70
25
$26,789
75%
85%
$46.73
1,357
Per Building
Existing
1,698
25
$50,058
35%
45%
$3.64
7,983
R-38
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
217
25
$15,445
35%
45%
$8.76
967
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
2,200
25
$44,782
10%
35%
$2.51
2,161
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
603
20
$3,563
75%
65%
$0.74
8,124
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
150
15
$726
95%
24%
$0.68
879
Space Heat Sensible And Total
Boiler
Heat Recovery
Devices
Install Heat Recovery No Heat Recovery
Devices - rotary
air-to-air enthalpy heat
recovery- 70%
sensible and latent
recovery effectiveness
Per Building
Existing
1,251
10
$27,656
25%
98%
$17.48
7,206
Warehouse
Space Heat Windows-High
Boiler
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
37
25
$79,510
10%
98%
$261.44
81
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Commissioning of
Furnace
Existing Buildings
Existing Building
Commissioning
Average Existing
Conditions
Per Building
Existing
929
7
$11,924
90%
80%
$2.78
970,945
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Installation
DDC Retrofit (Morning Pneumatic
Warm-Up Control
Logic Included in This
Measure)
Per Building
Existing
1,115
5
$58,171
20%
93%
$14.19
377,949
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Direct Digital Control
Furnace
System-Wireless
System
DDC
Retrofit - Wireless
System
Pneumatic
Per Building
Existing
1,115
5
$23,516
75%
80%
$5.74
867,019
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Duct Repair And
Furnace
Sealing
Reduction In Duct
Losses to 5%
No Repair or Sealing,
15% duct losses
Per Building
Existing
185
18
$24,200
45%
45%
$16.88
62,115
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Exhaust Air to
Furnace
Ventilation Air Heat
Recovery
Exhaust Air Heat
Recovery
No Heat Recovery
Per Building
Existing
1,115
10
$54,874
5.0%
94%
$8.43
86,062
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Infiltration Reduction
Furnace
Install Caulking And
Weatherstripping
(ACH 0.65)
Infiltration Conditions
(ACH 1.0)
Per Building
Existing
232
10
$429
10%
39%
$0.32
14,665
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
1,177
25
$94,937
75%
10%
$9.95
143,792
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-38 c.i.
R-30 c.i. (WA State
Code)
Per Building
Existing
11
25
$94,937
75%
70%
$1,012.82
9,766
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-146
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.2. Commercial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Ceiling
Furnace
R-49 c.i.
R-38 c.i.
Per Building
Existing
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Duct
Furnace
R-7 (WA State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-30 (WA State Code) R-8 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Floor
Furnace
(non-slab)
R-38
Gas
Warehouse
Space Heat Insulation - Wall
Furnace
Gas
Warehouse
Gas
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
105
25
$26,789
75%
85%
$31.46
Existing
312
25
$11,700
10%
15%
$4.62
7,462
Existing
2,522
25
$50,058
35%
45%
$2.45
632,562
R-30 (WA State Code) Per Building
Existing
323
25
$15,445
35%
45%
$5.90
76,697
R-16
R-3 (Average Existing
Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
5,101
25
$44,782
10%
35%
$1.08
267,208
Space Heat Programmable
Furnace
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
Programmable
Thermostat - Web
Enabled
No Programmable
Thermostat
Per Building
Existing
223
15
$726
95%
24%
$0.46
73,364
Warehouse
Space Heat Windows-High
Furnace
Efficiency
U-0.40 (WA State
Code)
U-0.65 (Average
Existing Conditions)
Per Building
Existing
55
25
$79,510
10%
98%
$175.98
7,210
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
69
10
$16,807
55%
94%
$41.67
1,009
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.95
12
$42
2.7%
25%
$6.97
0.18
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
276
25
$1,458
5.0%
92%
$0.65
349
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
53
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.55
1,074
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
18
9
$6
95%
25%
$-1.17
123
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
13
12
$24
75%
90%
$0.28
253
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
GT 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
34
10
$471
75%
95%
$0.92
695
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
Demand Controlled
Circulating Systems
(VFD control by
demand)
Constant Circulation
Per Building
Existing
62
10
$16,807
55%
94%
$45.76
10,640
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Dishwasher
Residential
RTF ENERGY STAR
Dishwasher - 277
kWh/yr and 4.25
gal/cycle
RTF Market Standard
2014
Dishwasher - 289
kWh/yr and 5.0
gal/cycle
Per Building
Existing
0.95
12
$42
2.7%
25%
$6.97
2
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Drainwater Heat
Recovery Water
Heater
Install (Power-Pipe or No Heat Recovery
GFX) - Heat Recovery System
Water Heater
Per Building
Existing
251
25
$1,458
5.0%
92%
$0.71
3,689
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
0.5 GPM
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
Per Building
Existing
48
9
$6
95%
75%
$-0.52
11,331
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Low-Flow Faucet
Aerators
2.2 GPM (Federal
Code)
3.0 GPM
Per Building
Existing
16
9
$6
95%
25%
$-1.29
1,303
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Pipe Insulation - Hot
Water (DWH)
1.0" of Insulation,
assuming R-4 (WA
State Code)
No Insulation
Per Building
Existing
12
12
$24
75%
90%
$0.30
2,672
Gas
Warehouse
Water Heat
LE 55 Gal
Ultrasonic Faucet
Control
Install Ultrasonic
Motion Faucet Control
No Faucet Control
Per Building
Existing
31
10
$471
75%
95%
$1.14
7,332
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-147
107,652
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Chemical Mfg Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
3,797
15
$3,573
100%
100%
$0.13
2,509
Gas
Chemical Mfg Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
15,085
15
$3,910
10%
100%
$0.04
996
Gas
Chemical Mfg Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
22,018
2
$3,622
10%
100%
$0.10
1,454
Gas
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
65,684
15
$4,249
10%
100%
$0.01
4,339
Gas
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
33,191
15
$12,015
100%
100%
$0.05
21,929
Gas
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
1,818
2
$971
100%
100%
$0.31
1,201
Gas
Chemical Mfg Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
45,459
15
$2,486
100%
100%
$0.01
30,035
Gas
Chemical Mfg Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
9,737
2
$2,705
100%
100%
$0.16
6,433
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
89,110
15
$66,217
100%
100%
$0.10
58,876
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
111,856
15
$31,286
10%
100%
$0.16
7,390
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
85,220
2
$11,479
10%
100%
$0.08
5,630
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
6,675
15
$11,301
10%
100%
$0.24
441
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
36,125
15
$13,236
100%
100%
$0.05
23,868
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
6,445
2
$3,759
100%
100%
$0.34
4,258
Gas
Computer
Electronic
Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
14,722
15
$7,253
100%
100%
$0.07
9,727
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
18,061
15
$10,885
100%
100%
$0.08
11,933
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
18,262
15
$20,671
10%
100%
$0.16
1,206
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
19,606
2
$4,456
10%
100%
$0.13
1,295
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
35,028
15
$18,547
10%
100%
$0.07
2,314
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
82,015
15
$46,125
100%
100%
$0.08
54,189
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
12,031
2
$5,171
100%
100%
$0.25
7,949
Gas
Electrical
Equipment
Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
30,008
15
$10,151
100%
100%
$0.05
19,827
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
81,184
15
$99,126
100%
100%
$0.17
53,640
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
102,488
15
$60,681
10%
100%
$0.22
6,771
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-148
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
70,142
2
$7,855
10%
100%
$0.06
4,634
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
147,093
15
$69,692
10%
100%
$0.07
9,718
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
168,469
15
$53,290
100%
100%
$0.13
111,310
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
86,814
2
$41,401
100%
100%
$0.28
57,359
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
127,716
15
$83,002
100%
100%
$0.09
84,384
Gas
Fabricated
Metal
Products
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
2,047
2
$1,004
100%
100%
$0.28
1,352
Gas
Food Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
37,476
15
$21,912
100%
100%
$0.08
24,761
Gas
Food Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
129,755
15
$6,101
10%
100%
$0.11
8,573
Gas
Food Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
89,780
2
$32,195
10%
100%
$0.21
5,931
Gas
Food Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
91,138
15
$28,936
10%
100%
$0.04
6,021
Gas
Food Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
165,822
15
$83,690
100%
100%
$0.07
109,561
Gas
Food Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
45,395
2
$15,806
100%
100%
$0.20
29,993
Gas
Food Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
66,880
15
$30,778
100%
100%
$0.06
44,189
Gas
Food Mfg
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
39,071
2
$5,399
100%
100%
$0.08
25,815
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
201,880
15
$65,723
100%
100%
$0.12
133,385
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
176,604
15
$82,255
10%
100%
$0.15
11,668
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
141,433
2
$24,383
10%
100%
$0.10
9,344
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
23,420
15
$25,589
10%
100%
$0.15
1,547
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
148,898
15
$75,581
100%
100%
$0.07
98,380
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
109,181
2
$62,287
100%
100%
$0.33
72,137
Gas
Industrial
Machinery
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
69,880
15
$25,422
100%
100%
$0.05
46,170
Gas
Miscellaneou Hvac
s Mfg
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
710,833
15
$97,086
100%
100%
$0.10
469,659
Gas
Miscellaneou Indirect
s Mfg
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
203,481
15
$20,217
10%
100%
$0.08
13,444
Gas
Miscellaneou Indirect
s Mfg
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
77,690
2
$16,346
10%
100%
$0.12
5,133
Gas
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
77,747
15
$81,370
10%
100%
$0.15
5,136
Gas
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
144,512
15
$66,504
100%
100%
$0.06
95,481
Gas
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
63,134
2
$20,954
100%
100%
$0.19
41,713
Gas
Miscellaneou Process
s Mfg
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
208,964
15
$44,592
100%
100%
$0.03
138,066
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-149
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
7,450
15
$8,633
100%
100%
$0.16
4,922
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
3,870
2
$259
10%
100%
$0.04
255
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
307,399
15
$61,541
10%
100%
$0.03
20,310
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
181,869
15
$64,101
100%
100%
$0.13
120,164
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
42,841
2
$12,929
100%
100%
$0.17
28,305
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
65,405
15
$26,796
100%
100%
$0.06
43,214
Gas
Nonmetallic
Mineral
Products
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
3,728
2
$7,270
100%
100%
$1.13
2,463
Gas
Paper Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
2,730
15
$1,808
100%
100%
$0.09
1,804
Gas
Paper Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
23,958
15
$11,387
10%
100%
$0.07
1,582
Gas
Paper Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
12,701
2
$1,545
10%
100%
$0.07
839
Gas
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
8,584
15
$4,161
10%
100%
$0.07
567
Gas
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
14,286
15
$9,695
100%
100%
$0.10
9,439
Gas
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
4,258
2
$1,029
100%
100%
$0.14
2,813
Gas
Paper Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
5,176
15
$920
100%
100%
$0.03
3,420
Gas
Paper Mfg
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
4,116
2
$2,736
100%
100%
$0.39
2,719
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
6,391
15
$5,864
10%
100%
$0.13
422
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
4,223
2
$723
10%
100%
$0.10
279
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
2,509
15
$1,925
10%
100%
$0.11
165
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
6,311
15
$4,720
100%
100%
$0.11
4,169
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
2,996
2
$574
100%
100%
$0.11
1,979
Gas
Petroleum
Coal
Products
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
3,971
15
$196
100%
100%
$0.01
2,623
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
23,824
15
$15,040
100%
100%
$0.09
15,740
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
74,676
15
$23,000
10%
100%
$0.04
4,933
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
38,377
2
$8,558
10%
100%
$0.13
2,535
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-150
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
34,121
15
$21,489
10%
100%
$0.09
2,254
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
43,666
15
$27,440
100%
100%
$0.09
28,851
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
28,058
2
$17,435
100%
100%
$0.36
18,539
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
22,481
15
$3,563
100%
100%
$0.02
14,854
Gas
Plastics
Rubber
Products
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
10,659
2
$2,039
100%
100%
$0.11
7,042
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
3,109
15
$1,438
100%
N/A
$0.07
2,054
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
5,985
15
$5,884
100%
N/A
$0.14
395
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
4,577
2
$666
100%
N/A
$0.08
302
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
20,882
15
$9,058
100%
N/A
$0.06
1,379
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
22,433
15
$16,670
100%
N/A
$0.10
14,822
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
4,417
2
$2,153
100%
N/A
$0.28
2,918
Gas
Primary
Metal Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
11,268
15
$4,368
100%
N/A
$0.05
7,444
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
74,801
15
$32,897
100%
100%
$0.06
49,422
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
37,835
15
$39,451
10%
100%
$0.15
2,499
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
31,647
2
$4,098
10%
100%
$0.08
2,090
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
249,072
15
$34,756
10%
100%
$0.25
16,456
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
71,535
15
$31,754
100%
100%
$0.06
47,264
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
66,970
2
$40,303
100%
100%
$0.35
44,248
Gas
Printing
Related
Support
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
264,697
15
$95,820
100%
100%
$0.05
174,889
Gas
Transportatio Hvac
n Equipment
Mfg
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
82,262
15
$81,291
100%
100%
$0.14
54,352
Gas
Transportatio Indirect
n Equipment Boiler
Mfg
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
102,390
15
$1,612
10%
100%
$0.14
6,765
Gas
Transportatio Indirect
n Equipment Boiler
Mfg
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
33,861
2
$24,048
10%
100%
$0.41
2,237
Gas
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
149,767
15
$36,812
10%
100%
$0.03
9,895
Gas
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
193,985
15
$62,191
100%
100%
$0.05
128,169
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-151
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Resource Potentials
May 2013
Table B-2.3. Industrial Gas Measure Details
Fuel Type
Segment
End Use
Measure Name
Measure
Description
Baseline
Description
Savings
Unit
Construction per Unit
Description
Vintage
(Therms)
Levelized
Cost
Percent of
($
Incremental Installations Percent of
per
Measure
Cost per
Technically Installations
Therms)
Life
Unit
Feasible
Incomplete
2033
Cumulative
Achievable
Technical
Potential
(Therms)
Gas
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
33,989
2
$24,941
100%
100%
$0.43
22,457
Gas
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Heat
Mfg
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
52,784
15
$37,046
100%
100%
$1.16
34,875
Gas
Transportatio Process
n Equipment Other
Mfg
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
11,762
2
$4,940
100%
100%
$0.24
7,771
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Hvac
HVAC Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
10,872
15
$11,892
100%
100%
$0.15
7,183
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
53,695
15
$25,645
10%
100%
$0.07
3,547
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Indirect
Boiler
Boiler O&M
Per Industry
Existing
15,940
2
$1,262
10%
100%
$0.05
1,053
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Boiler Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
96,887
15
$32,951
10%
100%
$0.05
6,401
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat Improvements
Per Industry
Existing
68,144
15
$50,400
100%
100%
$0.31
45,023
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Heat O&M
Per Industry
Existing
49,292
2
$5,486
100%
100%
$0.06
32,568
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Heat
Steam Distribution
Per Industry
Existing
12,473
15
$987
100%
100%
$0.01
8,241
Gas
Wood
Product Mfg
Process
Other
Other O&M
Per Industry
Existing
3,817
2
$597
100%
100%
$0.09
2,522
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix B.3-152
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Appendix B.4: Detailed Results
The following pie charts show how achievable potential is distributed by fuel, sector, segment, and end use.
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-1
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure B.4.1 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Residential by Segment
Total: 240 aMW
Single Family
64%
Manufactured
13%
Multifamily
23%
Figure B.4.2 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial by Segment
Office
35%
Total: 258 aMW
University
2%
Hotel Motel
3%
Other
18%
Warehouse
5%
Hospital
6%
Dry Goods Retail
12%
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
Restaurant
6%
School
6%
Grocery
8%
B.4-2
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Figure B.4.3 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial by Segment
Total: 23 aMW
Water/Wastewater
72%
Other Segments
9%
Mach./Equip
3%
C omputer Electronic Mfg
3%
Wood Product Mfg
3%
Food
4%
Miscellaneous Mfg
7%
Note: 'Other Segments' includes:
Printing Related Support: 2%, Transportation: 1%, Fabricated Metal Products: 1%, Paper: 1%, Nonmetallic Mineral Produ: <1%, Electrical Equipment Mfg: <1%, Plastics Rubber Products: <1%, Chemicals: <1%, Petroleum Coal Products: <1%, Metals: <1%
'
Figure B.4.4 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Residential by End Use
Heating
36%
Total: 240 aMW
Other End Uses
2%
C ooling
3%
Heat Pump
4%
Water Heat
23%
Plug Load
4%
Lighting Interior Standard
5%
Lighting
6%
Appliances
16%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooking: <1%, Ventilation And C irculation: <1%, Pool Pump: <1%
'
Figure B.4.5 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-3
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 258 aMW
May 2013
Lighting
39%
Other End Uses
2%
C ooling
3%
Ventilation And C irculation
13%
Heat Pump
6%
C ooling Dx
7%
Heating
9%
Refrigeration
8%
Other Office Equipment
7%
Water Heat
8%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooling DX: <1%, Lighting Interior Hid: <1%, Appliances: <1%, C ooking: <1%
'
Figure B.4.6 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial by End Use
Total: 23 aMW
Pumps
51%
Other End Uses
<1%
HVAC
4%
Lighting
8%
Motors
9%
Process
16%
Fans
12%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Other: <1%, Process Electro C hemical: <1%
'
Figure B.4.7 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Single Family by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-4
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 154 aMW
Heating
23%
Water Heat
22%
Other End Uses
7%
Plug Load
5%
Appliances
22%
Heat Pump
6%
Lighting Interior Standard
7%
Lighting
8%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooling: 4%, Ventilation And C irculation: <1%, C ooking: <1%, Pool Pump: <1%
'
Figure B.4.8 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Multifamily by End Use
Total: 54 aMW
Heating
62%
Other End Uses
14%
Water Heat
24%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Appliances: 4%, Plug Load: 4%, Lighting: 3%, Lighting Interior Standard: 2%, Cooling: <1%, Cooking: <1%, Heat Pum p: <1%, Ventilation And Circulation: <1%
'
Figure B.4.9 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Manufactured by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-5
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 32 aMW
May 2013
Heating
53%
Other End Uses
8%
Heat Pump
6%
Appliances
7%
Water Heat
26%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Plug Load: 2%, Lighting: 2%, Lighting Interior Standard: 1%, C ooling: 1%, C ooking: <1%, Ventilation And C irculation: <1%
'
Figure B.4.11 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Grocery by End Use
Total: 21 aMW
Refrigeration
67%
Other End Uses
10%
Lighting
23%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Ventilation And Circulation: 3%, Cooling Dx: 3%, Heat Pump: 2%, Other Office Equipment: <1%, Water Heat: <1%, Cooling DX: <1%, Heating: <1%, Lighting Interior Hid: <1%, Cooking: <1%, Appliances: <1%
'
Figure B.4.12 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Hospital by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-6
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 14 aMW
May 2013
Lighting
34%
Ventilation And C irculation
30%
Other End Uses
20%
Water Heat
9%
C ooling Dx
7%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
H eating: 4 % , O ther O ffic e E quipment: 4 % , Refrigeration: 4 % , C ooling: 4 % , H eat P ump: 2 % , C ooling D X: <1 % , A pplianc es : <1 % , Lighting I nterior H id: <1 % , C ooking: <1 %
'
Figure B.4.15 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Office by End Use
Total: 91 aMW
Lighting
33%
Heating
14%
Other End Uses
1%
C ooling
6%
Ventilation And C irculation
12%
Other Office Equipment
10%
Water Heat
7%
C ooling Dx
8%
Heat Pump
9%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooling DX: <1%, Appliances: <1%, Lighting Interior Hid: <1%
'
Figure B.4.16 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Restaurant by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-7
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 15 aMW
May 2013
Lighting
29%
Water Heat
24%
Other End Uses
10%
Ventilation And C irculation
8%
Refrigeration
21%
C ooling Dx
8%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooking: 4%, Heat Pump: 3%, C ooling DX: <1%, Other Office Equipment: <1%, Heating: <1%, Appliances: <1%, Lighting Interior Hid: <1%
'
Figure B.4.18 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Warehouse by End Use
Total: 12 aMW
Lighting
67%
Other End Uses
12%
Heating
6%
Ventilation And C irculation
6%
Water Heat
9%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Lighting Interior Hid: 5%, Other Office Equipment: 3%, Heat Pump: 2%, C ooling Dx: 1%, Appliances: <1%, C ooling: <1%, C ooling DX: <1%
'
Figure B.4.19 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Chemicals by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-8
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Pumps
41%
Total: 0 aMW
Other End Uses
<1%
Motors
9%
Process
21%
Fans
14%
Lighting
15%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
HVAC : <1%, Other: <1%
'
Figure B.4.22 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Food by End Use
Process
41%
Total: 1 aMW
Other End Uses
<1%
Fans
7%
Motors
24%
Pumps
14%
Lighting
15%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
HVAC : <1%, Other: <1%
'
Figure B.4.24 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Metals by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-9
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 0 aMW
May 2013
Process Electro C hemical
30%
Process
27%
Other End Uses
3%
Fans
6%
Motors
15%
Lighting
20%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Pumps: 3%, HVAC : <1%, Other: <1%
'
Figure B.4.30 Electric Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Transportation by End Use
Total: 0 aMW
Process
57%
Other End Uses
1%
Motors
7%
Lighting
16%
Fans
20%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
HVAC : <1%, Other: <1%
'
Figure B.4.32 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Residential by Segment
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-10
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 146,627,740 Therms
Other Segments
1%
Single Family
99%
Note: 'Other Segments' includes:
Multifamily: 1%, Manufactured: <1%
'
Figure B.4.33 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial by Segment
Total: 81,407,438 Therms
Office
24%
Other
17%
Grocery
3%
Hotel Motel
3%
Warehouse
5%
Hospital
14%
Restaurant
6%
Dry Goods Retail
11%
School
8%
University
9%
Figure B.4.34 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial by Segment
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-11
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
Total: 3,089,576 Therms
May 2013
Miscellaneous Mfg
25%
Mach./Equip
12%
Printing Related Support
11%
Fabricated Metal Products
11%
Transportation
9%
Other Segments
2%
C hemicals
2%
Plastics Rubber Products
3%
Electrical Equipment Mfg
3%
Wood Product Mfg
3%
C omputer Electronic Mfg
4%
Nonmetallic Mineral Produ
7%
Food
8%
Note: 'Other Segments' includes:
Metals: <1%, Paper: <1%, Petroleum C oal Products: <1%
'
Figure B.4.35 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Residential by End Use
Total: 146,627,740 Therms
Heat C entral Furnace
69%
Other End Uses
3%
Water Heat
28%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Heat C entral Boiler: 2%, C ooking: <1%, Appliances: <1%, Pool Heat: <1%
'
Figure B.4.36 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-12
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 81,407,438
Therms
Space
Heat Furnace
42%
Pool Heat
2%
C ooking
3%
Water Heat
28%
Space Heat Boiler
25%
Figure B.4.37 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial by End Use
Total: 3,089,576 Therms
Process
68%
Indirect Boiler
4%
HVAC
29%
Figure B.4.38 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Single Family by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-13
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 144,871,458 Therms
Heat C entral Furnace
69%
Other End Uses
3%
Water Heat
28%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Heat C entral Boiler: 2%, C ooking: <1%, Appliances: <1%, Pool Heat: <1%
'
Figure B.4.39 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Multifamily by End Use
Total: 1,653,509 Therms
Heat C entral Furnace
69%
Other End Uses
3%
Water Heat
28%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
Heat C entral Boiler: 2%, C ooking: 1%, Appliances: <1%
'
Figure B.4.40 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Residential Manufactured by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-14
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 102,773 Therms
Heat C entral Furnace
79%
Other End Uses
5%
Water Heat
16%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooking: 3%, Heat C entral Boiler: 2%, Appliances: <1%
'
Figure B.4.42 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Grocery by End Use
Total: 2,204,818 Therms
Space Heat Furnace
56%
Other End Uses
4%
Water Heat
40%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
C ooking: 3%, Space Heat Boiler: <1%
'
Figure B.4.43 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Hospital by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-15
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 11,327,784 Therms
Water Heat
58%
C ooking
<1%
Space Heat Boiler
17%
Space Heat Furnace
24%
Figure B.4.46 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Office by End Use
Total: 19,392,896
Therms
Space
Heat Furnace
51%
Water Heat
14%
Space Heat Boiler
35%
Figure B.4.47 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Restaurant by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-16
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 4,883,550 Therms
Water Heat
50%
Space Heat Furnace
7%
C ooking
43%
Figure B.4.49 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Commercial Warehouse by End Use
Total: 4,320,756 Therms
Space Heat Furnace
90%
Space Heat Boiler
2%
Water Heat
9%
Figure B.4.50 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Chemicals by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-17
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 68,902 Therms
Other End Uses
7%
Process
93%
Note: 'Other End Uses' includes:
HVAC : 4%, Indirect Boiler: 4%
'
Figure B.4.53 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Food by End Use
Total: 254,848 Therms
Process
85%
Indirect Boiler
6%
HVAC
10%
Figure B.4.55 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Metals by End Use
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-18
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Total: 29,318 Therms
Indirect Boiler
2%
Process
91%
HVAC
7%
Figure B.4.61 Gas Achievable Technical Potential: Industrial Transportation by End Use
Total: 266,524 Therms
Process
76%
Indirect Boiler
3%
HVAC
20%
The Cadmus Group, Inc. / Energy Services
B.4-19
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Appendix C. Technical Supplements: Fuel
Conversion
This appendix contains technical details about the fuel conversion potentials.
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix C-1
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table C.1 Economic Assumptions
Assumption
Discount Rate
Inflation Rate
Electric T&D Savings
Gas T&D Savings
Admin Adder
Conservation Credit
Electric: Carbon Adder
Gas: Carbon Adder
Main Ext - Short (ft)
Main Ext - Medium (ft)
Main Ext - Long (ft)
Line Cost per foot
In-House Extension
therms/kWh Conversion Factor
Zone Heating Adoption
Percentage
Electric Dryer Energy Factor
Gas Dryer Energy Factor
Value
8.10%
2.50%
0.00%
0.80%
5.00%
10.00%
20.00%
10.00%
50
300
500
$40
$3,406
0.0341
Electric Range Energy Factor
Gas Range Energy Factor
Electric Retail Rate - Residential
Electric Retail Rate - Commercial
Gas Retail Rate - Residential
Gas Retail Rate - Commercial
Rate Escalators
Levelized Gas Avoided Cost (Dth)
0.068
0.112
$0.097
$0.090
$0.68
$0.67
Yearly
$9.53
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
5%
2.67
3.01
Appendix C-2
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table C.2 Piping and Labor Costs
End Use
Space Heating: Ducted
Space Heating: Baseboard
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Clothes Drying
Cooking
Water Heating
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Space Heating: Baseboard, Water Heating
Commercial Space Heating
Commercial Space Heating, Water Heating
Costs
$700
$500
$500
$200
$200
$200
$700
$700
$700
$900
Table C.3 Total Customers in 2033
Cutstomer Type
Single Family
Commercial
Multifamily
New
NA
67,432
123,175
Existing
978,574
162,651
NA
Table C.4 Distribution of Single-Family Home Size
Home Size
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
% of Homes
45%
15%
40%
Appendix C-3
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table C.5 Fuel Conversion Measure Assumptions for Existing Gas Customers
Sector
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Residential
Commercial
Commercial
Commercial
Segment
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 1800 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2100 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Commercial
Commercial
Commercial
End Use
Constructi
on Type
Measure Name
Measure Description
Baseline Description
EEM Per
Measure
Unit Cost
Life
($)
Baseline
Measure
Per Unit
Cost ($)
Incremental
Per Unit
Cost ($)
Per Unit
Annual
Site
Incremental
Savings Gas Costs
(kWh)
($)
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$2,463
$1,500
$963
12,688
$508
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$653
$1,396
8,220
$373
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$364
$3,111
4,052
$211
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$6,140
$2,005
$4,135
15,940
$580
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$2,463
$1,500
$963
14,802
$593
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$762
$1,287
9,590
$435
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$363
$3,112
4,719
$246
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$6,140
$2,005
$4,135
18,054
$676
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$2,463
$1,500
$963
16,917
$678
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$870
$1,179
10,960
$497
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$363
$3,112
5,386
$281
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$6,140
$2,005
$4,135
20,169
$773
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$653
$1,396
6,344
$288
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
$25
Cooking
Existing
Cooking Oven
Cooking Oven - High Efficiency
Federal Standard 2012 Cooking Oven
30
$1,413
$757
$656
159
$12
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,634
$505
$1,128
3,252
$212
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,564
$505
$1,058
3,252
$259
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$762
$1,287
7,401
$335
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
$25
Cooking
Existing
Cooking Oven
Cooking Oven - High Efficiency
Federal Standard 2012 Cooking Oven
30
$1,413
$757
$656
159
$12
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,634
$505
$1,128
3,252
$212
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,564
$505
$1,058
3,252
$259
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$870
$1,179
8,459
$383
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
$25
Cooking
Existing
Cooking Oven
Cooking Oven - High Efficiency
Federal Standard 2012 Cooking Oven
30
$1,413
$757
$656
159
$12
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,634
$505
$1,128
3,252
$212
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$1,564
$505
$1,058
3,252
$259
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
94% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$3,723
$4,595
-$872
13,716
$1,025
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 50 gal.
30
$3,216
$1,195
$2,021
9,736
$639
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 50 gal.
30
$2,142
$1,195
$946
9,736
$782
The Cadmus Group Inc. / Energy Services
Appendix C-4
Comprehensive Assessment of DSR Potentials
May 2013
Table C.6 Fuel Conversion Measure Assumptions for On-Main Gas Customers
Sector
Segment
End Use
Constructi
on Type
Measure Name
Measure Description
Baseline Description
EEM Per
Measure
Unit Cost
Life
($)
Baseline
Measure
Per Unit
Cost ($)
Incremental
Per Unit
Cost ($)
Per Unit
Annual
Site
Incremental
Savings Gas Costs
(kWh)
($)
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$5,869
$1,500
$4,369
12,688
$508
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$653
$1,396
8,220
$373
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$364
$3,111
4,052
$211
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$9,546
$2,005
$7,541
15,940
$580
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$5,869
$1,500
$4,369
14,802
$593
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$762
$1,287
9,590
$435
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$363
$3,112
4,719
$246
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$9,546
$2,005
$7,541
18,054
$676
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted
Existing
Furnace
95% Furnace
Electric Furnace
30
$5,869
$1,500
$4,369
16,917
$678
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$870
$1,179
10,960
$497
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Space Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Gas Fireplace
Gas Fireplace
Electric Baseboard
30
$3,475
$363
$3,112
5,386
$281
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Space Heating: Ducted, Water Heating
Existing
Integrated Space & Water Heat Integrated Space & Water Heat Electric Furnace, Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$9,546
$2,005
$7,541
20,169
$773
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$653
$1,396
6,344
$288
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
$25
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Cooking
Existing
Cooking Oven
Cooking Oven - High Efficiency
Federal Standard 2012 Cooking Oven
30
$1,413
$757
$656
159
$12
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$3,882
$505
$3,376
3,252
$212
Residential
SFam - 1800 sq ft
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$3,812
$505
$3,306
3,252
$259
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$762
$1,287
7,401
$335
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Cooking
Existing
Cooking Oven
Cooking Oven - High Efficiency
Federal Standard 2012 Cooking Oven
30
$1,413
$757
$656
159
$12
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
Tankless WH
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$3,882
$505
$3,376
3,252
$212
Residential
SFam - 2100 sq ft
Water Heating
Existing
Water Heater
WH (>67% EF)
Electric Water Heater, 55 gal.
30
$3,812
$505
$3,306
3,252
$259
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Zone Heating: Baseboard
Existing
Wall Heater
Wall Heater 84% eff
Electric Baseboard
30
$2,049
$870
$1,179
8,459
$383
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Clothes Drying
Existing
Dryer
Dryer - Advanced Efficiency
Dryer - Federal Standard 2015
30
$1,213
$727
$486
768
Residential
SFam - 2400 sq ft
Coo
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