The MFCS Manual

The MFCS Manual
MicroFluidics Control System
User Manual
MFCS software©2009 Fluigent
MFCS User Manual version 2.0 www.fluigent.com
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
Table of Contents
1. INTRODUCTION .............................................................................. 4
2. PACKAGE CONTENT AND REQUIRED MATERIALS .................... 5
2.1.
2.2.
2.3.
PACKAGE CONTENT......................................................................................... 5
MFCS DESCRIPTION ...................................................................................... 6
REQUIRED MATERIALS .................................................................................... 6
3. INSTALLATION GUIDE ................................................................... 8
3.1.
3.2.
3.3.
WARNINGS ..................................................................................................... 8
UNPACKING AND PREPARATION OF THE MFCS (WITH FLUIWELL) ........................ 8
STARTING THE MFCS ................................................................................... 13
4. BASIC SOFTWARE OPERATIONS ............................................... 15
4.1.
4.2.
4.3.
4.4.
PURGE......................................................................................................... 15
PRESSURE CONTROL IN THE CHANNELS .......................................................... 16
TABS CONFIGURATIONS ................................................................................. 17
SAVE CURVES............................................................................................... 17
5. ADVANCED CONTROL OF THE MFCS ........................................ 19
5.1.
MORE ABOUT MFCS CONTROL ..................................................................... 19
5.1.1.
5.1.2.
5.1.3.
Coupling ...................................................................................................................... 19
Manual/auto ................................................................................................................. 19
Feedback coefficient.................................................................................................... 19
5.2. MFCS MAT (SCRIPTING SOFTWARE) ............................................................... 20
5.2.1.
General description ..................................................................................................... 20
5.2.2.
Description of the table ................................................................................................ 20
5.2.3.
Descriptions of the Actions .......................................................................................... 21
5.2.4.
Script example ............................................................................................................. 21
5.3. LABVIEW ...................................................................................................... 23
5.3.1.
Labivew VI ................................................................................................................... 23
5.3.2.
Labview examples ....................................................................................................... 24
++
5.4. C AND VBA ............................................................................................... 26
5.4.1.
Function description (preliminary) .............................................................................. 26
5.4.2.
VBA declarations examples : ...................................................................................... 28
5.5. ABOUT OUTPUT PRESSURIZATION ................................................................... 29
6. APPENDICES................................................................................. 30
6.1.
6.2.
6.3.
6.4.
6.5.
6.6.
6.7.
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS MFCS ............................................................... 30
ACCESSORIES REFERENCES AND SUPPLIERS ................................................... 31
RESPONSE AND STABILIZATION TIME .............................................................. 32
UNIT CONVERSION TABLE ............................................................................. 32
HYDRODYNAMIC RESISTANCE OF RECTANGULAR CHANNELS AND NETWORKS ... 33
MAINTENANCE .............................................................................................. 35
TRACE AND LOG FILES FORMAT ...................................................................... 36
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
1. Introduction
To your
application
MFCS
Fluiwell
Soft
Tubes
Reservoirs
The MicroFluidic Control System (MFCS) is a High precision pneumatic pressure controller designed
to handle fluid in microfluidics systems (microchannels and nanochannels, capillaries, Lab-onchips…).
It allows a stable and pulsation free flow with short response time (100 ms) and a stabilization time as
low as 1s. With the MFCS it is also possible to control several independent channels (up to 16 cf
Labiview VI) at the same time. The user friendly softwares allow you to create scripts for complex flow
patterns or dynamic coupling for user-controlled dependence between channels.
Pressure
Range
Channel
Number
4
channels
8
channels
Pressure
type
0 to 25
mBar
0 to 69
mBar
0 to 345
mBar
0 to 1000
mBar
-25 to 0
mBar
-69 to 0
mBar
MFCS-4C25
MFCS-4C70
MFCS-4C345
MFCS-4C1000
MFCS-NEG4C-25
MFCS-NEG4C-70
MFCS-8C25
MFCS-8C70
MFCS-8C345
MFCS-8C1000
MFCS-NEG8C-25
MFCS-NEG8C-70
P>0
P<0
Figure 1. Available MFCS series
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2. Package content and required materials
2.1.
Package content
The MFCS package comprises following items:
One MFCS unit,
A power supply and a power line cable,
A USB cable,
*
*
A pneumatic Connection kit (4 soft tube adapters, 4 x 50 cm of soft tube (OD 3mm ID 1mm),
a ¼ “ spanner)
A quick user guide.
This user manual.
User manual
Power supply
Power line cable
Soft tube
Adapters
MFCS softwares CD
2 m soft tube
USB cable
1/4’’ Spanner**
MFCS
Figure 2 Package content
Optional Accessories:
A Fluiwell and a set of spare parts
FEP
Caps
Fluiwell
Reservoirs
Figure 3 Fluiwell package
If any parts are missing or damaged, please contact your local dealer or
Fluigent immediately.
*
For a 8 channel MFCS, 8 adapters will be provided
** soon provided in the MFCS package
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
2.2.
MFCS Description
USB
Pressure Inlet
Power Supply
Rear View
On / Off Switch
LCD Pannel
(Displays input pressure
when grren button on)
Front View
Pressure outlet
Green Button
Red Button
Figure 4 Front and Back views
2.3.
Required Materials
Using the MFCS requires the following materials:
A computer :
o USB 1.1 port or faster
o screen resolution of 1024x768
o Intel Pentium II 500 MHz or faster
o Windows2000, Windows XP.
o 5 Mo of Free Hard disk space
A pneumatic pressure source :
o For positive pressure models :
dry and non corrosive (use an air drier)
dust and oil free
with a pressure regulator to tune the input pressure value
0,01 µm filtered
The pressure range of the pump should suit your MFCS input pressure (see
Figure 3)
o For negative pressure models:
Use a pump in aspiration mode
Pump of Local
Pressure Network
Norgren
(F07-200-A3TG)
Norgren
(F72C-2GD-ST0)
Air drier
Particle
filter 0.01µm
Or
Gas Cylinder
Pressure
Regulator
Watson Smith
(100300R)
Only for positive
pressure
Figure 5 Suggested Pressure Source scheme
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Pressure
Range
0 to 25
mBar
0 to 69
mBar
0 to 345
mBar
0 to 1000
mBar
-25 to 0
mBar
-69 to 0
mBar
Input Pressure
value
500 mBar
500 mBar
800 mBar
1300 mBar
- 500 mBar
- 500 mBar
Figure 6 : Input pressure value according to MFCS pressure range
Connection to the MFCS requires either:
The Fluiwell, a microfluidic interface between the MFCS and your Microdevice that uses 1/16’’
OD tube or smaller (see Figure 7)
Your own connection system.
To microfluidic
application
Controlled pressurized
gas from MFCS
Figure 7 Fluiwell's working principle
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
3. Installation guide
3.1.
Warnings
MFCS must be used in a clean and dry environment.
No liquid should enter into the device otherwise this would void the warranty.
The Pressure source must be dry, dust and oil free. Use a 0,01 µm filter and a pressure
regulator to insure proper input pressure. (for positive pressure models)
3.2.
Unpacking and preparation of the MFCS (with Fluiwell)
Please follow the next series of operation in order to set properly your MFCS.
Step
Indication
Unpack the MFCS
Photos
Remarks
Please check that all is in order.If
any damage, please phone us or
e-mail us
([email protected]).
1
Connect to the rear
panel :
- the usb cable
- the power supply
- the pressure source
2
To avoid liquid back-flow, please
use protection systems such as
the FLUIWELL(see Figure 7).
For positive pressure
models: PLEASE USE
CLEAN AND DRY GAS
WITH A PRESSURE
REGULATOR BEFORE
THE MFCS
(see section 2.3)
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
Insert the MFCS
softwares CD.
*
3
Copy the MFCS-4C
folder to desired
location on your hard
drive
*
Open the MFCS-4C
folder you just copied on
your hard drive.
4
Switch ON the MFCS
(rear panel).
5
The red light should be
bright. If not, check the
power supply and the
USB cable.
Double click on the
MFCS control icon
6
The software is ready to
be used.
7
*
MFCS-8C for a 8 channel device
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
8
For positive pressure
models: The pressure
source should be
CLEAN AND DRY and
fixed to the input
pressure value
specified on the rear
panel of your MFCS
Pressure Range
(mBar)
25
69
345
1000
- 25
- 69
Input Pressure
value (mBar)
500
500
800
1300
- 500
- 500
Please find besides the
value of the input
pressure MFCS.
Press the Green button
and set the pressure
source to the input
pressure value of your
MFCS. You can monitor
the pressure source
value on the front
display.
9
The preheating will start.
A preheating procedure is
necessary to warm up the
MFCS (10min) meanwhile you
can continue with the next step
Avoiding this step can decrease
the pressure control stability and
accuracy.
When performing series of
experiments, the preheating is
only necessary once a day.
For negative pressure models
LCD panel displays the absolute
value of the pressure
Unpack the Fluiwell
(optional accessory)
Please check that the 4 toric
seals are in place, before
mounting the reservoirs.
10
Screw the 2 mL
reservoirs on the fluiwell
11
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Prepare your
experimental setup by
placing all the devices
and elements you might
need. The lengths of the
pieces correspond to
the distance between
the fluiwell and the
MFCS.
Microfluidic chip
Microscope
12
Soft tube
FEP tube
If you use different
connectors, a list of
compatible adapters is
available in the
appendices
1/16’’ provided connectors
13
*
4 pieces of the soft
tube.
You can find the references of the
tubings in the appendices.
*
14
4 pieces of the FEP
tube.
Connect the soft tubes
to the fluiwell
15
Connect the FEP tubes
to the top outlets. In
order to avoid leaks, the
fitting should be tightly
screwed.
The FEP tubes should be visible
inside the 2 mL reservoirs.
16
*
8 pieces for MFCS-8C with 2 fluiwells
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Now your fluiwell is
ready to be connected
to your microfluidic chip
and to the MFCS.
17
Don’t forget to fill the
reservoir with your
sample !
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3.3.
Starting the MFCS
Please proceed as follow:
Step
Indication
Remove the protection caps
from the MFCS outlets.
Photos
Remarks
Use the provided
spanner or any ¼”
tools*
Protection cap
1
Free outlet
Tightly screw the soft tube
adapters on the outlets.
Soft tube adapters
2
Connect the soft tubes to the
MFCS’ outlets.
3
Connect the fluiwell to your
microfluidic chip, using the FEP
tubes for example.
A list of adapters for
smaller inner
diameters tubes is
available in the
appendices.
4
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Fill up the 2 mL reservoirs with
the appropriate fluid
corresponding to the inlets of
your chip.
5
At the end of the preheating
countdown :
- push the red button and
- calibrate the MFCS by clicking
on the Setup / Compensate
offset.
6
Click save to MFCS to load
your calibration parameters into
the MFCS and close the
window.
In order to guarantee
the accuracy of your
measures we
recommend you to
calibrate the device
every time you move
it. Otherwise once a
month is sufficient.
The MFCS is ready to
be used.
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4. Basic Software Operations
Here you will learn how to operate the MFCS using the MFCS control interface.
Pressure
Handle
Preheating
Warning
Pressure
scroll
Direct
Button
Coupling field
MFCS
Status
Purge
Button
Requested
Pressure field
Config Tabs
For negative pressure models: the software displays the absolute value of the pressure
4.1.
Purge
Click on the Purge button and
valid the warning.
A purge feature is
available in channel 1. It
applies maximum
pressure on this channel.
It suits any filling or
emptying purpose.
Disable the purge feature by
clicking again on Purge button
The Purge on green
indicator will appear
until you stop the purge.
1
2
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4.2.
Pressure control in the channels
For negative pressure models: the software displays the absolute value of the pressure
There are two different way to modify the pressure in a channel:
1
Press Direct Control button, to
activate the control of the
MFCS
Otherwise, orders will
not be transmitted
Change pressure in the
channels, using the
corresponding handle
2
Enter the numerical value of
the pressure in the requested
pressure field.
3
Shortcuts:
It is possible to modify the positions of the handle using keyboard. Click on a handle, then:
• Up arrow: Move the handle up by 1 steps
• Down arrow: Move the handle down by 1 steps
• Page up: Move the handle up by 10 steps
• Page down: Move the handle down by 10 steps
• Move to the top of the scale using home
• Move to the bottom of the scale using end
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4.3.
Tabs configurations
For negative pressure models: the software displays the absolute value of the pressure
You can use the config tabs to
set different handle patterns in
order to easily switch between
several pressure sets by
clicking on the corresponding
tab.
1
The curves will follow the
pressure pattern. (See MFCS
mat or labview VI for
automated pattern setting)
2
4.4.
Save curves
To save a set of curves, first
choose the desired trace rate
1
Then start recording by giving a
name to the curves file in save
trace dialog box of the file
menu. (a tick will appear)
2
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End the record by clicking on
save trace (untick)
3
4
The file is a text file that can be
imported in any spreadsheet
Start Title
line
Curves File format
(see section 6.7)
5
For negative
pressure models:
the software
displays the
absolute value of
the pressure
03/09/2020
08 15:2
1:39 MFCS
Automat V:
1.05 MFCS
S/N:0005 V:000B
15:21:39
11463
174,942
140,017
0
0,105
15:21:39
11464
175,258
140,017
0
0,105
15:21:39
11465
174,942
140,017
0
0,105
03/09/2020
Time of
experiment
08 15:2
Time
Step n°
2:05 --EN
Pressure
Channel 1
D OF TRACEPressure
Channel 2
Pressure
Channel 3
Pressure
Channel 4
End Title
line
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5. Advanced Control of the MFCS
5.1.
More about MFCS Control
5.1.1.Coupling
The coupling is a feature that creates software driven dependence between channels. Thus it
is possible to increase pressure in one channel while the pressure in a second one is
decreasing with the same variation. Both parallel and antiparallel coupling are possible.
To set a parallel coupling between channel 1 and channel 2 choose A + for both channel in
the coupling field.
To achieve an antiparallel coupling just choose A- for one of the two channels.
To couple more than one channel set the coupling field of each channels in consequence.
.
Figure 8 : Anti-parallel coupling allows changes in the pressure difference of two channels without changing the
pressure sum. Parallel coupling keeps the pressure difference constant.
Shortcut :
It is possible to disable temporally the coupling feature of a set of channels by pressing the shift key. Then you
are able to move the handles independently.
5.1.2.Manual/auto
The manual mode provides a proportional control on the valves. The handles directly control the
valves opening, and no regulation occurs. This mode is only adapted for special use and it will be
subject to intrinsic nonlinear characteristics, hysteresis and limited reproducibility of the solenoidvalves.
The auto mode provides a direct control on the pressure inside the channels. The handles set the
requested pressure and the embedded regulation program will compute the order to give to the valves
in order to have a stable, quick and reproducible response.
5.1.3.Feedback coefficient
400
450
400
350
400
350
300
350
250
150
100
250
250
Feed back
coefficient too high
200
Optimised Feed
back coefficient
200
150
150
100
50
50
0
0
5
10
15
20
0
-50 0
Feed back
coefficient too low
200
100
50
-50
300
300
0
5
10
15
20
-50
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Figure 9 : effect of the « Feed back coefficient » value on the pressure stability and response time.
The MFCS Control software provides optimal pressure and flow regulation for a wide range of
microfluidic applications, in particular those involving extremely low pressures and or volume flow
rates (µl to pl/min). However when using large volumes, an adjustment of the feed-back
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FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
loop’s reactivity can be necessary to achieve an optimal operation of the MFCS. This can be achieved,
independently for each channel, by changing the “feed back coefficient”.
The factory setting is 5, a smaller coefficient results in a slower reaction, a higher value gives a faster
response.
If the feedback coefficient is to high, the regulation loop can become unstable and pressure control
inside the channel is no longer possible.
The optimal response is obtained just below the critical damping situation between a monotonous
return to equilibrium and oscillatory overshooting.
Please note that for high pressure versions of the MFCS, at the factory-setting initial value, operation
is oscillation-free for small pressure changes but shows overshooting and transient oscillations for
drastic pressure changes. If this overshooting is a nuisance to your application, it can be suppressed
by decreasing the feedback coefficient, at the expense of the regulation speed for small pressure
changes. A working compromise has to be found, the optimal value depends on several features of
the connected system (volume and elasticity of tubing, hydrodynamic resistance and geometry of the
microfluidic channels), and on the time constant of the phenomena under investigation.
5.2.
MFCS mat (scripting software)
5.2.1.General description
Chart
Table
(here it is blank)
For negative pressure models: the software displays the absolute value of the pressure
MFCS mat is a script software that allows, to create automated pattern of pressure.
In the main window, you can find:
A chart showing the pressure value of all the channels (here it is blank),
Below the chart, the MFCS status is shown with the buttons ‘play’, ‘pause’, ‘stop’, et ‘verify
program’, allowing one to play, pause, stop and verify the programme.
On the right hand side, the user can fill in different actions in the table (script).
5.2.2.Description of the table
MFCS
In this table, there are 6 rows :
Label needs a string. It is where the action « Goto label » looks for.
Status
Action: define the type of action
Ch: define the channel number where the action is applied.
Parameter: define the parameter of the action if necessary,
Unit: specify the unit of the parameter (automatically set)
Comment: define a comment of the current action.
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5.2.3.Descriptions of the Actions
Actions
Parameters
Description
Alpha
Integer from 0 to 255 : n
Auto
Double : x
End
Goto label
String : s
Manuel
Double : x
Purge off
Purge on
Wait
Double : x
This value is linked to the
feedback coefficient for the
pressure regulation. (default
value 5)
Send a pressure order in mbar
to the specified channel
End programme
Go to the line with the s string
the label row
The channel is control manualy
without feedback control. X is
equivalent to the % of
alimentation of the Electrovalve.
Stop Purge on channel 1
Start Purge on channel 1
The programme waits for x
secondes.
5.2.4.Script example
Here is an example of a script with the corresponding pressure chart.
Step Label Action
1
alpha
2
alpha
3 start auto
4
wait
5
auto
6
auto
7
wait
8
auto
goto
9
label
Channel Parameter Unit
1
5
2
5
1
175
mb
2
s
1
210
mb
2
175
mb
2
s
2
140
mb
start
This is an endless loop generating a 4 seconds period square pressure signal.
Example of MFCS Mat script for channel 1 and 2
250
Pressure (mBar)
200
150
Channel 1
100
Channel 2
50
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
Time (s)
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5.3.
Labview
The Labview drivers are in the provided CD.
The Labview library provided is embedded with a set of functions that will allow you to control the
MFCS in your own Labview program. Here are a few examples of what you can achieve with this
library.
5.3.1.Labivew VI
Labview VI
Symbol
Description
mfcs_close.vi
Close the MFCS device and the
allocated memory
Handle
Error in
Error out
mfcs_data_chan.vi
Handle in
Channel data
Error in
mfcs_get_purge.vi
Handle in
Error in
Handle out
Channel data
Error out
Error out
Purge ON ?
Handle out
mfcs_get_serial.vi
Get status of the purge in channel 1:
True= Purge ON
False= Purge OFF
Get the serial number of the MFCS (0 if
no MFCS connected)
Handle in
Error in
Handle out
Serial Number
Error out
mfcs_get_status.vi
Handle in
Error in
Handle out
MFCS Status
Error out
mfcs_initialisation.vi
Handle in
Error in
mfcs_read_chan.vi
Get the characteristics of the specified
channel:
Pressure unity (0=no sensor,
1=water inch, 2=PSI)
Maximum pressure range (in the
specified unity)
Zero pressure value of the sensor
(unsigned 12 bits)
Pressure value (unsigned 12 bits)
Handle in
Channel number
Error in
Handle out
Serial number
Error out
Get the status of the MFCS:
0= MFCS is reset. MFCS needs to
be manually rearmed (switch on
GREEN button)
1= Normal
2= Pressure Supply Overpressure
3= MFCS needs to be manually
rearmed ater overpressure (switch
on GREEN button)
Initialize the MFCS device:
If the serial number is not
specified or equal to 0, the first
MFCS device found will be
initialized.
If the serial number is specified,
the corresponding MFCS device
is initialized. Each MFCS has a
unique serial number written on
the back panel.
The VI returns the handle and the
serial number of the MFCS (0 if
no MFCS found).
Get the pressure value (mBar) and the
Handle out
measure time (ms) of the specified
Pressure (mBar)
channel (from 1 to 4 or 8).
Measure Time (ms)
Error out
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mfcs_set_alpha.vi
Handle in
Channel number
(default all)
Alpha (default
5)
Error
in
mfcs_set_auto.vi
Alpha (default 5)
Handle in
Channel number
(0= all)
Pressure (mBar)
Set the alpha value (default =5) for the
specified channel (from 1 to 4 or 8):
If the specified channel is 0, the
same is applied to all channels.
Alpha is linked to the proportional
value of the PID pressure
regulation.
Handle out
Error out
Set the regulated pressure value (mBar)
for the specified channel (from 1 to 4 or
8):
If the specified channel number is
0, the same pressure is applied to
all the channels.
It is also possible to set the alpha
value
Handle out
Error out
Error in
mfcs_set_manual.vi
Handle in
Channel number
(0=all)
% EV
Error in
mfcs_set_purge_off.vi
Handle in
Error in
Set the electrovalve alimentation (%) for
the specified channel (from 1 to 4 or 8):
If the specified channel is 0, the
same is applied to all channels.
The manual control of the
electrovalve is not recommended
and the output pressure is no
longer regulated
Handle out
Error out
Disable purge feature, channel 1 can be
used normally.
Handle out
Error out
mfcs_set_purge_on.vi
Handle in
Error in
mfcs_set_zero.vi
Handle in
Channel number (0=all)
Zero sensor
Error in
Enable purge feature, channel 1 is
directly connected to the pressure
supply. Please use with care in order to
avoid any damage to your microsystem.
Handle out
Error out
Handle out
Error out
Calibrate the zero pressure value of the
specified channel. This value can be
estimated with mfcs_data_chan.vi.
5.3.2.Labview examples
MFCS 8C control
This VI is a transposition of MFCS control. It
integrates MFCS control software’s functions in
a Labview environment:
Enter “serial number”
Calibrate the MFCS if needed
Set “pressure order”and “alpha”
(feeback coefficient) in the channels of
interests
Press “purge” (channel 1 only) to fill or
empty your device
Press “STOP” to stop the pressure
Control 2 MFCS
Thanks to this Vi it is possible to control several
MFCS at the same time:
Enter the two serial numbers
Select the MFCS of interest with the
1/2 switch of the “INPUT” box.
Set channel number, pressure order,
appropriate
Alpha
(feedback
coefficient).
Press STOP button to stop pressure
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Calibration
The Calibration process can also be in operated
from Labview interface
Set pressure and
alpha analog
This example allows you to set an order
(pressure and feedback coefficient) and then to
read the result on an analog curve
Set pressure digital
This example allows you to set a pressure order
and monitor the result on a numerical display
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5.4.
C++ and VBA
5.4.1.Function description (preliminary)
Here is a global description of the functions provided with the library.
mfcs_initialisation
Initialize the USB for the MFCS. If the Serial Number is not specified or equal to 0,
the first MFCS device found will be initialized.
If the Serial Number is specified, the MFCS device with this Serial Number is
initialized. Each MFCS has a unique Serial Number written on the back panel.
The vi returns the handle and a boolean that confirms that the USB initialized
correctly.
mfcs_close
Close the MFCS device and the allocated memory.
mfcs_set_purge_on
Connect the channel 1 output directly to the pressure supply. This function should
be used with care as it can cause damage to the microsystems connected.
mfcs_set_purge_off
Disconnect the channel 1 output from the pressure supply. Channel 1 can be used
normally.
mfcs_get_purge
Get the status of the purge:
- TRUE= purge ON,
- FALSE= purge OFF
mfcs_get_status
Get the status of the MFCS:
-1= Trouble in the MFCS connections (USB or electric alimentation)
0= MFCS is reset. MFCS needs to be manually rearmed (green switch on the front
panel),
1= Normal,
2= Pressure Supply Overpressure,
3= MFCS needs to be manually rearmed after overpressure (green switch on the
front panel).
mfcs_read_chan
Get the pressure value (mBar) and the measure time (ms) of the specified channel
(from 1 to 4 or 8).
mfcs_data_chan
Get the characteristics of the specified channel:
- Pressure Unity (0= no captor, 1= water inch, 2= PSI),
- Maximum Pressure range (in the specified unity),
- Zero pressure value of the captor (unsigned 12 bits),
- Pressure value (unsigned 12 bits)
- Chrono value (unsigned 16 bits).
mfcs_get_serial
Get the Serial Number of the MFCS.
mfcs_set_auto
Set the regulated pressure (mBar) for the specified channel (from 1 to 4 or 8). If the
specified channel is 0, the same is applied to all channels.
mfcs_set_alpha
Set alpha value (default value =5) for the specified channel (from 1 to 4 or 8). If the
specified channel is 0, the same is applied to all channels.
Alpha is linked to the proportional value of the PID.
mfcs_set_manual
Set the electrovalve alimentation (%) for the specified channel (from 1 to 4 or 8). If
the specified channel is 0, the same is applied to all channels.
The manual control of the electrovalve is not recommended and the output
pressure is no longer regulated.
mfcs_set_zero
Save in the EEPROM the zero pressure value of the specified channel.
26
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
The following array gives an algorithmic description of the previous functions.
function
return
parameter
Comment
mfcs_initialisation
UL handle
US serial number
Initialise USB connection and look for a MFCS
with
the
specified
serial
number.
handle = 0 if no USB connection
mfcs_close
B OK
UL handle
Close USB connection
mfcs_read
C error
UL handle
Read string on the interface
S string
mfcs_write
C error
UL handle
Write string on the interface
S string
mfcs_set_purge_on
C error
UL handle
Open purge on channel 1
mfcs_set_purge_off
C error
UL handle
Close purge on channel 1
mfcs_get_purge
C error.
UL handle
Get the purge state
PB purge state
mfcs_get_status
C error.
UL handle
PC Status
mfcs_read_chan
C error.
UL handle
Get
MFCS
status
0 if the MFCS is reset
1 if normal
2 if overpressure
3 if MFCS needs to be rearmed.
:
Read the pressure value (mBar) of the specified
channel with the timing (time unit 25ms).
C channel
PF pressure
PUS chrono
mfcs_data_chan
C error
UL handle
C channel
PC sensor unit
PUS sensor max
PUS zero
Read the sensor data :
- sensor unit :
0 = no sensor,
1 = "H2O (2.4908 mBar)
2 = psi (68.946 mBar)
- full scale in pressure unit
- zero value sensor (U12)
- direct pressure measure (U12)
- chrono (time unit 25ms)
PUS measure
PUS chrono
mfcs_get_serial
C error
UL handle
Get the serial number of the MFCS
PUS Serial
mfcs_set_auto
C error
US handle
Regulate pressure (mBar) on the specified
channel. (if 0, the same for all channel)
C channel
F pressure
27
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
mfcs_set_alpha
C error
UL handle
C channel
C alpha
mfcs_set_manual
C error
UL handle
Set alpha value (U8). This value is linked to the
PID performance. The recommended value is
50 for MFCS device sold with MFCS_Control
V1.05. For more recent version (V1.06 and
V1.07) the default value is 5 and a preheating of
the
electro-valves
is
necessary
(45%
alimentation for 10 min).
Set electro-valve voltage (%) on the specified
channel. (if 0, the same for all channel)
C channel
F EV
mfcs_set_zero
C error
UL handle
Save Zero sensor value on the firmware. To get
this value, use mfcs_data_chan (PUS mesure)
C channel
US Zéro
Definition of [C error]:
- 0 = OK,
- 1 = USB closed
- 2 = Wrong channel
symbol
bits
UL
US
PUS
S
C
PC
B
32
16
32
32
8
32
8
PB
F
PF
32
32
32
C++
unsigned long
unsigned short
pointer on unsigned short
char[]
unsigned char
unsigned char *
char for boolean result 1 = true, 0 =
false
pointer on boolean
float
pointer on float
Labview
VBA
(U32)
(U16)
(U16) by address
(abc)
(U8)
(U8) by address
(U8)
ByVal Long
ByVal Integer
ByRef Integer
ByVal String
ByVal Byte
ByRef Byte
ByVal Byte
(U8) by address
(SGL)
(SGL) by address
ByRef Byte
ByVal Single
ByRef Single
NB :
1) in Visual Basic, all values are signed
2) After calling mfcs_initialisation, a delay (0.5s) must be set before calling other functions,
3) A mfcs_close must be called before leaving the application, to avoid Windows error.
5.4.2.VBA declarations examples :
Public Declare
(ByVal i
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
(ByVal H
Public Declare
Function mfcs_initialisation Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Integer) As Long
Function mfcs_close Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long) As Byte
Function mfcs_read Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long, ByVal S As String) As Byte
Function mfcs_write Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long, ByVal S As String) As Byte
Function mfcs_set_purge_on Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long) As Byte
Function mfcs_set_purge_off Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long) As Byte
Function mfcs_get_purge Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
As Long, ByRef C As Byte) As Byte
Function mfcs_get_status Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
28
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
(ByVal H As Long, ByRef C As Byte) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_read_chan Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByRef P As Single,
ByRef Chrono As Integer) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_data_chan Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByRef Su As Byte,
ByRef Sm As Integer, ByRef Zr As Integer, ByRef Ms As Integer,
ByRef Chrono As Integer) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_get_serial Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByRef Serial As Integer) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_set_auto Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByVal P As Single) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_set_alpha Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByVal Alpha As Byte) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_set_manual Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByVal Ev As Single) As Byte
Public Declare Function mfcs_set_zero Lib "d:\mfcs\mfcs_vb.dll"
(ByVal H As Long, ByVal Chan As Byte, ByVal Zero As Integer) As Byte
5.5.
About output pressurization
Pin
Pout
Pin - Pout
Atmosphere
In order to operate in an optimized range of the pressure full scale, it is recommended to work with
differential pressure. Indeed, by pressurizing both input and output of a channel properly, the pressure
inside the channel would be equal to the differential of the output and the input pressures.
29
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6. APPENDICES
6.1.
Technical Specifications MFCS
MFCS 25 mBar
Characteristics
Input pressure range
Output pressure precision
Min.
-
Typ.
500
<2.5 %
Max.
600
-
Unit
mbar
full scale
Min. output pressure step
Max. output pressure
Operation temperature range
Input voltage range
Weight
Power consumption
-10
23
1.9
-
23
25
25
24
-
50
25
2.25
<16
µbar
mbar
°C
V
kg
W
Comment
Better if calibrated (see
Quick start)
Depends on model
MFCS 70 mBar
Characteristics
Input pressure range
Output pressure precision
Min.
-
Typ.
500
<2.5 %
Max.
600
-
Unit
mbar
full scale
Min. output pressure step
Max. output pressure
Operation temperature range
Input voltage range
Weight
Power consumption
-10
23
1.9
-
63
69
25
24
-
50
25
2.25
<16
µbar
mbar
°C
V
kg
W
Comment
Better if calibrated (see
Quick start)
Depends on model
MFCS 350 mBar
Characteristics
Input pressure range
Output pressure precision
Min.
-
Typ.
800
<2.5 %
Max.
900
-
Unit
mbar
full scale
Min. output pressure step
Max. output pressure
Operation temperature range
Input voltage range
Weight
Power consumption
-10
23
1.9
-
0.32
343
25
24
-
50
25
2.25
<16
mbar
mbar
°C
V
kg
W
Comment
Better if calibrated (see
Quick start)
Depends on model
MFCS 1000 mBar
Characteristics
Input pressure range
Output pressure precision
Min.
-
Typ.
1.3
<2.5 %
Max.
1.4
-
Unit
bar
full scale
Min. output pressure step
Max. output pressure
Operation temperature range
Input voltage range
Weight
Power consumption
-10
23
1.9
-
0.95
1033
25
24
-
50
25
2.25
<16
mbar
mbar
°C
V
kg
W
Comment
Better if calibrated (see
Quick start)
Depends on model
30
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6.2.
Accessories references and suppliers
Designation
Reference and Supplier
Remark
USB Cable
CD Software
User manual
Blue tubing
(OD=1/32’’, ID=250µm)
FEP tubing
(OD=1/16’’, ID=800µm)
Upchurch Scientific : 1581
Fisher : A28556
Glass capillary
(OD=360µm’, ID=100µm)
Polymicro technologies : TPS100375
Green Sleeves
(1/16˝ to 360µm)
Upchurch Scientific : F-242X
Green Sleeves
(1/16˝→ 1/32˝)
Upchurch Scientific : F-247X
10-32 Peek Fitting Nuts
Upchurch Scientific : F-120
soft tubing (1x3mm)
Fisher : A31309
Micrew reservoir 2 mL
Fisher : W14437
31
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6.3.
Response and Stabilization Time
Here are the graphic definition of response time and stabilization time.
Pressure
5%
StabilizationTime
100%
Response Time
Ti
6.4.
Unit Conversion Table
value (↓
↓) = factor kPa
xunit (→
→)
1
1 kPa
100
1 bar
6.895
1 psi
0.249
1 inch H2O
bar
psi
inch H2O
0.01
1
68.95x10-3
2.49x10-3
0.145
14.5
1
3.612x10-2
4.016
401.6
27.68
1
Example: 10 kPa = 10 kPa x 0.01 bar/kPa = 0.1 bar
32
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6.5. Hydrodynamic Resistance of Rectangular Channels and
Networks
Pressure difference p, the volume flow rate Q, or the averaged velocity u and the friction coefficient
C are related through
-4
with channel dimensions a and b with a/b>>1, channel length l and viscosity µ (= 9.5 10
Pa s for H2O at 25°C).
The relation between the friction C and the aspect ratio a/b can be calculated [Stone,
Stroock, Ajdari, Ann. Rev. Fluid. Mech., 2004]:
with
Figure 6: This graph shows the friction coefficient as a function of the aspect ratio of the channel and can be used to
estimate the flowrate due to a given pressure difference. Typical values are: =1 -> C=0.03512; C=0.05708; =10
-> C=0.07688.
Example: A channel of 10x100µm with a length of 10mm contains 0.01 µl. Applying a pressure
difference of 10 Pa (=100 µbar) gives a volume flow rate of about Q=0.0005 µl/min and an averaged
flow velocity of u = 5 µm/min. A pressure of 100'000 Pa (=1 bar) is 10'000 times higher thus the flow
rate and velocity are also 10'000 times increased.
Since Ohm's law also applies to flow of other particles than electrons (e. g. water) we can transfer the
formulas.
For one single channel we have for the volume flow Q as a function of the externally applied pressure
difference p and the resistance R: Q=p /R, Q=abu.
The pressure pc at an arbitrary position in a single channel with partial resistances R1 and R2 of the
two halves of the channel is:
33
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
The total resistance is R=R1+R2, the flow yields Q=(p1−pc)/R1, R2 is equivalent.
If the two parts are of equal resistance (equal length and diameter) we find the well known average
value: pc=(p1+p2)/2.
For three channels (p1, p2, p3 and R1, R2, R3) joining in one point with pressure pc we find using the
continuity equation (the sum over all Qs going into one knot vanishes)
The corresponding flow in channel 1 as an example can be obtained with Ohm's law:
Q1=(p1−pc)/R1, the other values are equivalent.
To obtain the corresponding formulas for n channels joining in one knot, the latter formula can be
generalized:
More complex geometries can be calculated using well-known methods in analogy to electrical resistor
networks (pressure is equivalent to the electric potential, flow is equivalent to the current, and flow
resistance of a channel plays the same role as the Ohm's resistance).
34
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6.6.
Maintenance
The MFCS is designed as a very robust device for usage in laboratory and industrial environment and
easy to maintain. For optimal accuracy, calibration should be performed regularly (typically every
month) or after the MFCS has been displaced, in order to maintain optimal accuracy of the results and
compensate for offset drift of the pressure sensors. The housing can be cleaned with a moisty soft
tissue, iso-propanol or window-cleaning products.
Avoid aggressive organic solvents as acetone or chloroform or abrasive cleaning products.
Please use the following form if you have problems or suggestions with your MFCS device or software
and send it to us by fax or e-mail.
35
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
6.7.
Trace and Log files format
MFCScontrol allows a complete real time recording of all settings and measured pressure values
during operation.
11.07.2005 17:39:03 MFCS S/N:0003 V:000.011
15885
18.424
0.426
5.146
20.560
15886
18.424
0.426
5.100
20.477
15887
18.386
0.395
5.100
20.454
15888
18.371
0.426
5.123
20.583
15889
18.485
0.395
5.100
20.583
15890
18.462
0.426
5.100
20.500
15891
18.402
0.426
5.146
20.500
15892
18.333
0.395
5.123
...
Figure 10: an example of a Trace file.
The trace file format consists of a header line and a data block. The header line is composed of the
starting date and time, serial number of the connected unit and version number of the MFCScontrol
software. The data block is composed of lines carrying a time stamp (absolute time and the internal
step number) and the 4 (8) pressure values. '#N/A' means information lost (e. g. transient transmission
failure). When using this option, avoid the creation of oversized data files. Adjust the storage
frequency according to the needs (see pull down menus).
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
11.07.2005
17:27:38
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:43
17:27:45
17:27:45
17:27:46
17:27:46
17:27:46
--BEGIN OF LOG-AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
AUTO.
Chan. 1 :
2196
2221
2246
2283
2332
2381
2406
2715
2727
2739
2739
2739
11.07.2005 17:39:27 --END OF LOG-Figure 11: an example of a Log file.
36
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
ALPHA
AUTO
Chan. X : YYYYY
Chan. X :YYYYY
--BEGIN OF LOG---END OF LOG-MANUAL Chan. X : YYYYY
Order: set value to YYYYY in Channel X
Order: set value YYYYY in Channel X in feed back
mode
Order: start logging
Order: stop logging
Order: set value YYYYY in Channel X in manual mode
PURGE OFF
PURGE ON
USB OFF
USB ON
ZERO Chan. X : YYYYY
Order: open purge valve
Order: close purge valve
Order: close USB channel
Order: open USB channel
Order: set zero value YYYYY on channel X
Table 2: commands sent from the computer to the MFCS.
mfcs exceeding input pressure
mfcs operating
mfcs purge off
MFCS S/N:---- V:---mfcs purge on
mfcs reset detected
Message: input pressure exceeds threshold value
Message: system is operating normally
Message: purge is switched off
Message comprising serial and version number
Message: purge is switched on
Message: system has realized activation of reset
signal (button, processor reset line)
Table 3: commands sent from the MFCS to the computer.
.
37
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
Fluigent
tel. : +33(0)15373-1551
fax. : -1552
e-mail : [email protected]
MFCS
date :
SUGGESTIONS /DYSFUNCTIONS
Name : ____________________________________
Urgent :
yes
Suggestion Society : __________________________________
Dysfunctions
Device/Version : ____________________________________________________
Software/Version : ______________________________________________________
____________
Menu or concerned function :
_______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Error code, if available :
DESCRIPTION
(please cite error messages, operation before error, operation to quit error
message, add screen shots if possible)
Don't write in this field, please.
38
FLUIGENT – MFCS User Manual
FLUIGENT
Pépinière Hôpital COCHIN
29, rue du Faubourg St Jacques
75014 Paris
France
Phone :
+331 46 33 16 28
Fax:
+331 46 33 16 68
website: http://www.fluigent.com
e-mail: [email protected]
39
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