HYSYS User Guide - University of Alberta

HYSYS User Guide - University of Alberta
®
HYSYS 2004.2
User Guide
Copyright
October 2005
Copyright © 1981-2005 by Aspen Technology, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Technical Support
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Phone and E-mail ................................................................................ v
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v
Table of Contents
Technical Support.................................................... iii
Online Technical Support Center ............................iv
Phone and E-mail ................................................. v
1
2
3
4
5
Interface .............................................................. 1-1
1.1
Introduction .................................................... 1-2
1.2
Interface Basics ............................................... 1-4
1.3
Object Status & Trace Windows ........................1-13
1.4
Toolbar ..........................................................1-17
1.5
Hot Keys ........................................................1-19
Program Philosophy ............................................. 2-1
2.1
Introduction .................................................... 2-2
2.2
Simulation Case ............................................... 2-7
2.3
Multi-Flowsheet Architecture/Environments.......... 2-9
Flowsheet............................................................. 3-1
3.1
Introduction .................................................... 3-2
3.2
Flowsheets in HYSYS ........................................ 3-3
3.3
HYSYS Environments ........................................ 3-4
3.4
Subflowsheet Environment ...............................3-13
3.5
Templates ......................................................3-19
3.6
Property View Flowsheet Analysis ......................3-28
File Management .................................................. 4-1
4.1
Menu Bar ........................................................ 4-2
4.2
File ................................................................ 4-3
4.3
HFL Files ........................................................4-10
Basis Environment................................................ 5-1
5.1
Introduction .................................................... 5-2
5.2
Simulation Basis Manager.................................. 5-3
vi
6
7
5.3
Reaction Package ............................................5-28
5.4
Component Property View ................................5-29
Oil Characterization Environment ......................... 6-1
6.1
Introduction .................................................... 6-2
6.2
Oil Characterization Manager ............................. 6-3
Simulation Environment ....................................... 7-1
7.1
Introduction .................................................... 7-4
7.2
Main Properties ................................................ 7-5
7.3
HYSYS XML ....................................................7-10
7.4
HYSYS Support for Aspen WebModels ................7-13
7.5
Optimizer .......................................................7-19
7.6
Event Scheduler..............................................7-20
7.7
Integrator ......................................................7-36
7.8
Simultaneous Adjust Manager ...........................7-38
7.9
Dynamic/Steady State Modes ...........................7-39
7.10 Solver Active/Holding ......................................7-40
7.11 Integrator Active/Holding .................................7-41
7.12 Equation Summary..........................................7-41
7.13 Enter Basis Environment ..................................7-42
7.14 User Variables ................................................7-42
7.15 Importing & Exporting User Variables.................7-46
7.16 Oil Output Settings..........................................7-47
7.17 Object Navigator .............................................7-47
7.18 Simulation Navigator .......................................7-50
7.19 Notes Manager ...............................................7-52
7.20 Optimization Objects .......................................7-54
7.21 Reaction Package ............................................7-56
7.22 Fluid Package/Dynamics Model..........................7-57
7.23 Workbook ......................................................7-58
7.24 PFD ...............................................................7-74
7.25 Column..........................................................7-96
7.26 Utilities ..........................................................7-96
8
HYSYS Objects...................................................... 8-1
8.1
Installing Objects ............................................. 8-3
vii
8.2
9
Defining Objects .............................................. 8-6
Print Options ........................................................ 9-1
9.1
Introduction .................................................... 9-2
9.2
Printing in HYSYS ............................................. 9-3
9.3
Reports........................................................... 9-8
9.4
Printing the PFD as a File .................................9-17
10 Edit Options........................................................ 10-1
10.1 Introduction ...................................................10-3
10.2 Edit Menu ......................................................10-3
10.3 Editing the PFD ...............................................10-4
10.4 Graph Control ............................................... 10-46
10.5 Format Editor ............................................... 10-55
11 Simulation Tools................................................. 11-1
11.1 Introduction ...................................................11-3
11.2 Workbook ......................................................11-3
11.3 PFD ...............................................................11-3
11.4 Case Summary ...............................................11-4
11.5 Utilities ..........................................................11-5
11.6 Reports..........................................................11-5
11.7 Databook .......................................................11-5
11.8 Face Plates................................................... 11-39
11.9 Dynamics Assistant ....................................... 11-41
11.10Control Manager ...........................................11-42
11.11Dynamic Profiling Tool ................................... 11-42
11.12Snapshot Manager ........................................11-46
11.13Script Manager ............................................. 11-53
11.14Macro Language Editor .................................. 11-55
11.15Case Security ............................................... 11-57
11.16Echo ID ....................................................... 11-77
11.17Export Case to Aspen Icarus ...........................11-77
11.18Correlation Manager ...................................... 11-78
11.19Case Collaboration ........................................11-94
11.20External Data Linker .................................... 11-103
11.21Variable Navigator....................................... 11-108
viii
12 Session Preferences ........................................... 12-1
12.1 Introduction ...................................................12-3
12.2 Simulation Tab ...............................................12-4
12.3 Variables Tab................................................ 12-23
12.4 Reports Tab.................................................. 12-30
12.5 Files Tab ...................................................... 12-35
12.6 Resources Tab ..............................................12-37
12.7 Extensions Tab ............................................. 12-44
12.8 Oil Input Tab ................................................ 12-45
12.9 Tray Sizing Tab............................................. 12-48
13 Window & Help Options ...................................... 13-1
13.1 Introduction ...................................................13-2
13.2 Window Menu .................................................13-2
13.3 Help Menu......................................................13-5
Index.................................................................... I-1
ix
Interface
1-1
1 Interface
1.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
Event Driven ........................................................................... 2
Modular Operations .................................................................. 2
Multi-flowsheet Architecture ...................................................... 3
Object Oriented Design ............................................................. 3
1.2 Interface Basics ............................................................................. 4
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.6
1.2.7
1.2.8
Views Functionality................................................................... 4
Primary Interface Elements ....................................................... 5
Multi-Flowsheet Architecture/Environments.................................. 6
Navigators .............................................................................. 7
Objects ................................................................................... 8
Structure Terminology............................................................... 9
Desktop ................................................................................ 10
Interface Terminology ............................................................. 11
1.3 Object Status & Trace Windows ................................................... 13
1.3.1 Opening & Sizing the Windows ................................................. 14
1.3.2 Message Windows .................................................................. 14
1.3.3 Object Inspect Menus ............................................................. 15
1.4 Toolbar ........................................................................................ 17
1.5 Hot Keys ...................................................................................... 19
1-1
1-2
Introduction
1.1 Introduction
HYSYS offers a high degree of flexibility because there are
multiple ways to accomplish specific tasks. This flexibility
combined with a consistent and logical approach to how these
capabilities are delivered makes HYSYS an extremely versatile
process simulation tool.
The usability of HYSYS is attributed to the following four key
aspects of its design:
•
•
•
•
Event Driven operation
Modular Operations
Multi-flowsheet Architecture
Object Oriented Design
1.1.1 Event Driven
This concept combines the power of interactive simulation with
instantaneous access to information. Interactive simulation
means the information is processed as it is supplied and
calculations are performed automatically. Also, you are not
restricted to the program location where the information is
supplied.
1.1.2 Modular Operations
Modular Operations are combined with the Non-Sequential
solution algorithm. Not only is information processed as it is
supplied, but the results of any calculation are automatically
produced throughout the flowsheet, both forwards and
backwards. The modular structure of the operations means they
can be calculated in either direction, using information in an
outlet stream to calculate inlet conditions. Process
understanding is gained at every step because the operations
calculate automatically and results are seen immediately.
1-2
Interface
1-3
1.1.3 Multi-flowsheet
Architecture
Multi-flowsheet architecture can be used to create any number
of flowsheets within a simulation and to easily associate a fluid
package with a defined group of unit operations.
1.1.4 Object Oriented Design
The separation of interface elements (how the information
appears) from the underlying engineering code means the same
information appears simultaneously in a variety of locations.
Each display is tied to the same process variable, so if the
information changes, it automatically updates in every location.
Also, if a variable is specified, then it is shown as a specification
in every location. This means the specification can be changed
wherever it appears and you are not restricted to a single
location for making changes.
1-3
1-4
Interface Basics
1.2 Interface Basics
This section provides basic information about using the HYSYS
interface.
1.2.1 Views Functionality
HYSYS has the same basic features as found in other Windows
98 or NT 4.0 based programs:
•
Minimize icon
•
Minimize, Maximize/Restore and Close icons are
located in the upper right corner of most property views.
Object icon, located in the upper left corner of most
property views, contains the normal Windows 3.x menu.
Maximize icon
Most of the property views found in HYSYS are resizable to some
degree.
Restore icon
The following list provides a brief description on resizable
property views:
Close icon
Pin icon
•
•
•
When the Minimize, Maximize/Restore and Close
icons are available, the property view can be resized
vertically and horizontally.
When only the Minimize and Close icons are available,
the property view can only be resized vertically.
When only the Close icon or Close and Pin icons are
available, the property view can not be resized.
1-4
Interface
1-5
1.2.2 Primary Interface
Elements
Although you can input and access information in a variety of
ways, there are five primary interface elements for interacting
with HYSYS:
Interface Element
Description
PFD
A property view containing a graphical environment
for building your flowsheet and examining process
connectivity. Process information can be displayed for
each individual stream or operation as needed.
Workbook
A property view containing a collection of tabs that
displays information in a tabular format. Each
Workbook tab displays information about a specific
object type. You can install multiple tabs for a given
object type, displaying information in varying levels
of detail.
Property View
A single property view that contains multiple tabs.
HYSYS extensively uses these single property views,
which include all information about a specific object
(in other words, an individual stream or operation).
Summary View
Displays the currently installed streams and
operations.
Simulation
Navigation
A property view that provides a single location for
viewing all stream and unit operation property views
in the simulation case, regardless of the flowsheet
they exist in.
Each of these interface elements, plus the complimentary tools
such as the Data Recorder, Strip Charts, Case Study Tool, and
Plots, are all connected through the model itself. Changes made
in any location are automatically reflected throughout HYSYS.
In addition, there are no restrictions as to what can be displayed
at any time. For example, you can have both the PFD and
Workbook open, as well as property views for operations and
streams.
1-5
1-6
Interface Basics
1.2.3 Multi-Flowsheet
Architecture/Environments
HYSYS is developed around a Multi-flowsheet Architecture. After
creating the fluid package(s) for the simulation, you enter the
main flowsheet. This is where the bulk of the model is created
(where you install the streams and operations that represent the
process).
Subflowsheets can also be created at any time within the main
flowsheet. Subflowsheets appear as a single operation with
multiple connections. The main simulation does not know what
is inside the subflowsheet, meaning it could be a refrigeration
loop or a decanter system. The subflowsheet is seen by HYSYS
as any other operation and it calculates whenever conditions are
changed within it.
The nature of the subflowsheet gives rise to the concept of
environments. Although a subflowsheet (MASSBAL, template, or
column) appears as a single operation in the main flowsheet,
you can, at any time, enter the subflowsheet to examine
conditions in greater detail or make changes.
When you enter the subflowsheet’s Build environment, the
following occurs:
•
•
The main flowsheet is temporarily cached and hidden; it
returns to the exact status when you exit the
subflowsheet.
Other flowsheet solvers still produce the effect of a
change, but the results of that change are not produced
beyond the flowsheet boundary until you leave the
subflowsheet environment.
Example: A stream inside of a subflowsheet containing a
flow specification can also be connected to a stream in
the parent flowsheet. If changes are made to the flow
rate in the subflowsheet environment, the flow in the
parent flowsheet is forgotten, as are any other flows in
any flowsheets that are calculated as a result of that flow
specification. This is the “forget” pass in the HYSYS
solver.
1-6
Interface
1-7
Considering the “forget” pass in the HYSYS solver, the definition
of a flowsheet (or subflowsheet) in the context of the overall
program is defined by what it possesses:
•
•
•
•
•
Independent fluid package (optional)
PFD
Workbook
Flowsheet Elements (streams and/or operations)
Solver
This definition may seem to contradict previous statements
regarding the access to information, however, capabilities were
built into HYSYS to maximize the power of using subflowsheets
without impeding any access to information. No matter where
you are in the simulation, you can open any flowsheet’s PFD or
Workbook.
Since the subflowsheets are, in essence, single operations within
the main flowsheet, each has its own property view that allows
you to access information inside the subflowsheet without ever
entering the subflowsheet itself.
1.2.4 Navigators
All of the flowsheets within a simulation are tied together
through the Navigators.
Refer to Section 7.18 Simulation Navigator for
details on the Simulation
Navigator.
Navigators
Description
Simulation Navigator
Quick access to the property view of any stream or
unit operation from any flowsheet within the case.
Object Navigator
Immediate access to the property view for any
stream or operation from any location.
Refer to Section 7.17 Object Navigator for
details on the Object
Navigator.
Refer to Section 11.21 Variable Navigator for
details on the Variable
Navigator.
You can access the Object Navigator property view
by right-clicking on any blank area of the HYSYS
Desktop and selecting Find Object command
from the Object Inspect menu.
Variable Navigator
Target process variables from any flowsheet. For
example, you can select variables for inclusion on
a Strip Chart or for attachment to logical
operations such as Adjusts or Controllers.
1-7
1-8
Interface Basics
1.2.5 Objects
The term object is used extensively throughout the
documentation to refer to an individual stream or operation.
Within HYSYS, information associated with an object can appear
in a variety of ways (for example, Workbook, PFD, Property
View, and Plot).
Through the object oriented design of HYSYS, the information
displayed by each interface element is tied to the same
underlying object. The result is that if a parameter changes in
the flowsheet, it is automatically updated in every location.
Objects, such as an icon in a PFD, are tied to appropriate
commands for that object (for example, printing and direct
access to the object’s property view).
Object Inspect Menu
An object inspect menu has the same function as the menu in
the menu bar. The differences between the object inspect menu
and the menu bar are:
•
•
The method to access the commands in the menu.
In the menu bar, the commands are accessible by
clicking on the menu item.
In the object inspect menu, the commands are accessible
by right-clicking on the appropriate object.
The commands in the menu.
In the menu bar, the commands are associated to one or
more objects in the simulation case.
In the object inspect menu, the commands are only
associated to the object.
1-8
Interface
1-9
1.2.6 Structure Terminology
All HYSYS cases include certain structural elements. The
following table defines some common HYSYS terminology.
Object
Definition
Flowsheet Element
(or Object)
A stream or unit operation in the simulation case.
Flowsheet
A collection of Flowsheet Elements that utilize a
common fluid package. A flowsheet possesses its
own Workbook and PFD.
Fluid Package
Includes the property package, Components
(library, pseudo or hypothetical), Reaction Package
and User Properties used for flowsheet
calculations. Fluid packages can be Imported and
Exported.
Simulation Case
A collection of fluid package(s), flowsheets, and
flowsheet elements that form the model. The
simulation case can be saved to disk for future
reference. The extension used for saved cases is
*.hsc.
Simulation cases can also be saved as template
files (*.tpl), HFL files (*.hfl) and XML files (*.xml).
Session
Encompasses every simulation case that is open
while HYSYS is running.
Special Flowsheet Elements
Column operations and flowsheet templates are special
Flowsheet Elements because they are also flowsheets. A
flowsheet template can be a column subflowsheet or a more
complex system.
The special capabilities of the column and flowsheet template
are as follows:
Refer to Section 4.3 HFL Files for more
information regarding the
HFL files.
•
•
•
Contain their own flowsheet, meaning they possess their
own PFD and Workbook.
Can be comprised of multiple flowsheet elements.
Can be retrieved as a complete entity into any other
simulation case.
1-9
1-10
Interface Basics
1.2.7 Desktop
The figure below shows the basic components of the HYSYS
Desktop.
Figure 1.1
Title Bar
Menu Bar
Environment/Mode Label
Toolbar
Status
Bar
Scroll
Bar
Object Status Window
Trace Window
The main features of the Desktop are defined in the following
table.
Object
Definition
Title Bar
Indicates the HYSYS file currently loaded.
Menu Bar
Provides access to common flowsheet commands
through a drop-down menu system.
Toolbar
Contains various icons that invoke a specific command
when clicked.
Environment/
Mode Label
Indicates the environment and mode that you are
currently working in.
Status Bar
Displays the calculation status of the object. When the
mouse pointer is placed over an icon in the toolbar, the
Object Palette, or a property view, a brief description
of its function appears in the Status Bar.
1-10
Interface
Calculation/
Responsiveness icon
1-11
Object
Definition
Calculation/
Responsiveness
icon
The Calculation/Responsiveness icon enables the user
to control how much time is spent updating the
screens vs. calculations.
Scroll Bars
Allows you to scroll horizontally and vertically.
Object Status
Window/Trace
Window
The Object Status Window (left pane) shows current
status messages for flowsheet objects, while the Trace
Window (right pane) displays Solver information. The
windows can be resized vertically or horizontally by
clicking and dragging the windows frames located
between or above them.
For more information about the Object Status Window
or Trace Window, refer to Section 1.3 - Object
Status & Trace Windows.
Some additional information about the HYSYS Desktop:
•
•
When the mouse pointer is placed over a button/icon, its
descriptive name pops up below the pointer and a Fly by
function appears in the status bar.
When necessary, the Desktop has both a vertical and
horizontal scroll bar that are automatically created.
1.2.8 Interface Terminology
The terminology shown in the following figures is used to
describe the various HYSYS interface elements.
Figure 1.2
Dropdown
Field
Input
Field
Tabs
Pin
Dropdown List
Status
Bar
Button
1-11
1-12
Interface Basics
Figure 1.3
Object Icon
Active Selected Location
Minimize, Maximize, and Close Icons
Pages
Group
Radio
Button
Checkbox (clear)
Selected Tab
Object
Definition
Active Selected
Location
The current active location is always indicated by a
dark frame or border.
Button
Invokes a command when clicked.
Checkbox
Items or settings that are On or Off. Selecting the
checkbox turns the function On. Clearing it turns it Off.
Drop-Down List
A list of available options for a given input cell.
Group
Organizational border within a page that groups
related functions together. Each group has its own
active location.
Icon
Invokes a command when clicked, or opens a property
view when double-clicked.
Input Cell/Field
Location in a property view for supplying or viewing
information (for example, stream names and
temperatures). In many cases it has a drop-down list
associated with it.
Matrix
A group of cells where you can manoeuvre with the
mouse or the keyboard arrow keys.
Minimize/
Maximize icon
Either shrink the current property view (minimize), or
expand the property view to its full size.
Object icon
Either closes the property view (double-clicking), or
produces a drop-down menu of common Windows
commands.
1-12
Interface
1-13
Object
Definition
Object Status
Each property view shows the status of the associated
object with a coloured background (red for a missing
parameter, yellow for a warning message, and green
for OK).
Pages
Provides access to detailed information for the selected
object.
Pin
Converts a Modal property view to a Non-Modal
property view.
Radio Button
Always found in groups of at least two; only one can be
active at a time.
Tabs
Provides a logical grouping of information. Often
contain pages where the information is sorted further.
View
Any graphical representation found on the Desktop, for
example, a property view for an operation.
Active Property View/Active Location
Although several property views can be displayed on the
Desktop at any time, only one property view is Active or has
focus. This is indicated by the property view’s Title Bar being
selected. Within that property view, there is again only one
location that is Active. How this appears varies depending on the
location (for example, an active cell vs. an active button).
1.3 Object Status & Trace
Windows
At the bottom of the HYSYS Desktop there is a window that
appears by default. The window is split vertically into two panes
and displays status messages and detailed solver information.
The left pane is referred to as the Object Status Window and the
right pane is the Trace Window.
The Object Status Window and Trace Window cannot be
opened separately.
1-13
1-14
Object Status & Trace Windows
1.3.1 Opening & Sizing the
Windows
To open the Object Status and Trace Windows, position the
mouse pointer on any part of the thick border directly above the
Status Bar. When the cursor changes to a sizing arrowhead
(double-headed arrow), click and drag the border vertically.
If the cursor is placed over the vertical double line that
separates the two panes, a horizontal sizing arrowhead appears.
The size of the two panes can be adjusted by clicking and
horizontally dragging the cursor.
1.3.2 Message Windows
The message windows within HYSYS include the Object Status
and Trace windows. Refer to the following table for the
functionality of the windows:
Window
Functionality
Object
Status
Window
• Shows current status messages for objects in the
flowsheet, coloured accordingly. The colour of the
status message for an object usually matches the
colour of the status message on the object’s property
view.
• Allows you to access to the property view of an object
described in the status message by double-clicking on
the message.
Trace
Window
• Displays iterative calculations for certain operations
(such as the Adjust, Recycle, and Reactor). These
appear in black text.
• Displays scripting commands in blue text.
• Displays error messages (that still solve), such as
operation errors or warnings, in red text.
Status messages displayed in yellow in a property view
appear in black in the Object Status Window for clarity.
1-14
Interface
1-15
An example of the contents shown in the Object Status and
Trace Windows appears below. Each window has a vertical scroll
bar for viewing the contents of the window.
Figure 1.4
1.3.3 Object Inspect Menus
The commands available through the Object Inspect menu of
the Object Status Window and Trace Window are specific to each
pane.
Object Status Window
The following commands are available by right-clicking the
Object Status Window:
Command
Description
View Status
List Properties
Opens the Status List Properties property view. This
property view contains an input field for the Status List
File Name (by default Status.Log), that enables the
contents of the left pane to be written to a file. Also on
this property view is a drop-down list for the Minimum
Severity.
From top to bottom, the options in the drop-down list
represent increasing status message severity. For
example, selecting Warning from the list displays all
messages that are warnings or more severe in the left
pane. To display only error messages that are the most
severe, select the **Error** option.
Dump Current
Status List to
File
Automatically dumps the contents of the left pane to the
Status List File Name.
The OK status messages do not appear in the Object Status
Window.
1-15
1-16
Object Status & Trace Windows
Figure 1.5
Trace Window
The commands in Object Inspect menu for the Trace Window are
described in the following table:
Command
Description
View Trace
Properties
Opens the Trace Properties property view, which contains the following:
• Trace File Name field. Shows the file name to which the contents of
the Trace Window can be written (by default Trace.Log).
• History Length field. Represents the number of lines that the Trace
Window keeps in its history.
• Trace to File Continuously checkbox. When selected, the Trace
Window contents are written to the Trace File.
• Verbose checkbox. When selected, the Trace Window shows solver
information for all operations in the case.
• Trace Inactive checkbox. When selected, the Trace Window shows
information for all inactive operations in the case.
• Word Wrap Trace Lines checkbox. When selected, the messages in
the Trace Window are word wrapped to fit the Trace Window.
Dump Current
Trace to File
Automatically dumps the contents of the Trace Window to the Trace File.
Clear Trace
Window
Clears all the information from the Trace Window.
Figure 1.6
1-16
Interface
1-17
1.4 Toolbar
The icons on the toolbar provide immediate access to the most
commonly used commands.
The toolbar varies depending on the current environment
and Mode.
The option icons in the toolbar are also available in the menu
bar.
The following icons are found on the various toolbars in HYSYS.
Name
Icons
Description
New Case
Creates a new case.
Open Case
Locates and opens an existing case/
template/column.
Save Case
Saves the active case.
PFD
Opens the PFD for the current flowsheet.
Workbook
Opens the Workbook for the current
flowsheet.
Navigator
Opens the Object Navigator.
Simulation
Navigator
Opens the Simulation Navigator.
Steady State/
Dynamics
Toggles between Steady State and
Dynamic modes. Currently toggled to
Steady State mode.
Dynamics
Assistant
Opens the Dynamics Assistant property
view.
Column
Opens the Column Runner property view.
Active/Holding
Main environment: Toggles between
Active and Holding modes. Green (left) is
Active.
Run/Stop
(Steady State)
Integrator
(Dynamics)
Column environment: Toggles between
Run and Stop Column Solver. Green (left)
is Run.
Integrator toggle. Toggles between Active
and Holding. Red (right) is Holding.
1-17
1-18
Toolbar
Name
Icons
Description
Basis
Enter the Basis environment.
Parent
Flowsheet
Return to the parent flowsheet from a
subflowsheet (in other words, the main
environment from the column
subflowsheet environment).
Oil Environment
Enter the Oil environment from the Basis
environment.
Leave
Environment
From the Oil environment, return to the
Basis environment; from the Basis
environment, return to the Main
environment.
Some additional things about the HYSYS Desktop:
•
•
When the cursor is placed over a button/icon, its
descriptive name pops up below the pointer and a Fly by
function appears in the status bar.
The Desktop has both a vertical and horizontal scroll bar.
These are automatically created when necessary.
1-18
Interface
1-19
1.5 Hot Keys
File
Create New Case
CTRL N
Open Case
CTRL O
Save Current Case
CTRL S
Save As...
CTRL SHIFT S
Close Current Case
CTRL Z
Exit HYSYS
ALT F4
Simulation
Enter Simulation Basis Manager
CTRL B
Main Properties
CTRL M
Access Optimizer
F5
Access Event Scheduler
CTRL E
Leave Current environment (Return to
Previous)
CTRL L
Toggle Steady-State/Dynamic Modes
F7
Toggle Hold/Go Calculations
F8
Access Integrator
CTRL I
Start/Stop Integrator
F9
Stop Calculations
CTRL BREAK
Flowsheet
Add Material Stream
F11
Add Operation
F12
Access Object Navigator
F3
Access Notes Manager
CTRL G
Show/Hide Object Palette
F4
Access Composition Property View (from
Workbook)
CTRL K
Displays Stream Temperatures
SHIFT T
Displays Stream Pressures
SHIFT P
Displays Stream Molar Flow Rates
SHIFT F
Displays Stream Names (Default)
SHIFT N
Tools
Access Workbooks
CTRL W
Access PFDs
CTRL P
Toggle Move/Attach (PFD)
CTRL
Access Utilities
CTRL U
Access Reports
CTRL R
Access Databook
CTRL D
1-19
1-20
Hot Keys
Access Controller FacePlates
CTRL F
Access Dynamics Assistant
CTRL Y
Access Help
F1
Column
Go to Column Runner (subflowsheet)
CTRL T
Stop Column Solver
CTRL BREAK
View
Close Active Property View
CTRL F4
Tile Property Views
SHIFT F4
Go to Next Property View
CTRL F6 or CTRL TAB
Go to Previous Property View
CTRL SHIFT F6 or CTRL SHIFT
TAB
Go to Next item within the Property View
TAB
Go to Previous item within the Property
View
SHIFT TAB
Editing/General
Access editing cell function
F2
Access Pull-Down Menus
F10 or ALT
Go to Next Page Tab
CTRL SHIFT N
Go to Previous Page Tab
CTRL SHIFT P
Cut
CTRL X
Copy
CTRL C
Paste
CTRL V
1-20
Program Philosophy
2-1
2 Program Philosophy
2.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4
One Model, Many Uses .............................................................. 2
Leader in Usability.................................................................... 4
Maximizing the Engineer’s Efficiency ........................................... 4
Difference in the Aspen HYSYS Series ......................................... 6
2.2 Simulation Case ............................................................................. 7
2.2.1 Building a Simulation Case ........................................................ 8
2.3 Multi-Flowsheet Architecture/Environments.................................. 9
2-1
2-2
Introduction
2.1 Introduction
HYSYS is based on these fundamental principles:
•
•
•
•
•
single model concept
rigorous first principle’s models
reuse of simulation data
best in class usability
an open customizable environment
The HYSYS series of products, which include HYSYS 3.01 and
3.1, is true to these principles as new developments have
expanded and built upon this foundation.
2.1.1 One Model, Many Uses
The single model concept allows the user to build one model of
the process and migrate it through the various stages of the
Lifecycle. During the design stage, a model can be used for
conceptual design, real process design, detailed engineering
design, and finally, for operability design. Once the asset has
been built, this same model can be used for operations
improvement, operator training, safety studies, and asset
optimization. In addition to delivering simulation capabilities
that support the Lifecycle, HYSYS also serves as the platform for
modeling across the entire range of the chemical and
hydrocarbon processing industries.
HYSYS serves as the engineering platform for modeling
processes from Upstream, through Gas Processing and
Cryogenic facilities, to Refining and Chemicals processes. A
range of powerful new engineering capabilities have been
delivered within HYSYS through the development activities of
Aspentech and its alliance partners, including the following:
•
COMThermo. Completely flexible thermodynamics,
COMThermo, is the first truly componentized
thermodynamics server now on the market in the
process industries. COMThermo is a thermodynamic
calculation framework that makes it possible to develop
independent, extensible, and encapsulated calculation
modules for reuse within the engineering Lifecycle. The
2-2
Program Philosophy
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2-3
immediate benefits are more flexible thermodynamic
choices and the easy integration of in-house and 3rd
party methods.
HYSYS OLI Interface. Integration of OLI Systems Inc.
technology and component databanks with the industry’s
first fit for purpose set of electrolyte unit operations.
Claus Plant Modeling. Integration of SULSIM from
Sulphur Experts.
Well and Pipeline Modeling. Integration of PIPESIM
from Baker Jardine.
Multi-phase Pipeline Hydraulics. Integration of
PIPESYS from Neotechnology.
Transient Multi-phase Flow. Integration with
Aspentech ProFES tools.
Advanced Amine Systems. Integration of AMSIM from
DB Robinson.
Economic Evaluation. HYSYS cases can be
automatically exported to Aspen’s Icarus Process
Evaluator (IPE) for cost evaluation.
Beyond the development and integration of these technologies
into the HYSYS engineering platform, there have been many
new capabilities developed that enhance Process Asset Lifecycle
Management. These include the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hyprotech SQP. A new optimization algorithm,
Hyprotech SQP, for design and asset optimizations.
LP Utility. A utility that uses the rigorous HYSYS process
model to generate vector data for planning and
scheduling tools.
Dynamic Depressuring. Uses the powerful, proven
dynamic modelling capabilities of HYSYS for conducting
depressuring studies in our steady state simulator to
perform Relief Valve sizing against safe depressuring
times.
LNG Rating. Integration of the rigorous MUSE engine
from HTFS.
Air Cooler Rating. Integration of the ACOL functionality
from HTFS.
Heat Exchanger Rating. Tight integration of the TASC
engine from HTFS so that process engineers can perform
detailed rating calculations within the HYSYS
environment.
SPS. Integration of solid component characterization
technology from SPS.
MASSBAL. A simultaneous solver for flowsheets
delivered by integrating MASSBAL technology into
HYSYS.
2-3
2-4
Introduction
2.1.2 Leader in Usability
Aspentech has always believed that ease of use is a
fundamental component of simulation technology. HYSYS has
consistently delivered on this, allowing engineers to easily
construct and analyze models of their process to obtain the
understanding necessary to make informed engineering,
operating, and business decisions.
As with previous releases of HYSYS, there are a range of new
features that simplify the engineer’s task of building and
analyzing models. Some of the highlights include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
A Simulation Navigator that allows instant access to all
unit operations and streams within the simulation case.
Case Collaboration that allows the building of compound
cases that span the user’s network. Boundary streams
are connected through an external data server which
supports revisions and change notifications.
A Notes Manager that allows one spot access to all user
notes from any location in the simulation case.
Auto Connection feature for rapidly building flowsheets in
the PFD environment.
Correlation Sets, which allow the user to define the
properties to be calculated and displayed for any stream
in the case.
Case security levels that allow the protection of
Intellectual Property contained within any built HYSYS
model.
2.1.3 Maximizing the
Engineer’s Efficiency
There are several key aspects of HYSYS which have been
designed specifically to maximize the engineer’s efficiency in
using simulation technology. Usability and reliability are two
obvious attributes, which HYSYS has and continues to excel at.
The single model concept is key not only to the individual
engineer’s efficiency, but to the efficiency of an organization.
Of equal importance is the commitment to developing the
capabilities within the simulator that support re-use of the
2-4
Program Philosophy
2-5
engineer’s work, as well as capabilities that allow for the flexible
application of the available technology. The HYSYS 3 series
contains a number of new developments which are designed
specifically to promote re-use and deliver increased flexibility to
the engineer. Underlying this aspect of HYSYS has been a steady
migration to delivering finer granularity of the “components”
which make up a simulation case, such that these components
can be defined once and used many times.
The most significant development within the HYSYS 3 series in
this regard is the delivery of XML (eXtensible Mark up Language)
technology. The range of possibilities that this opens up are
significant, but some of the immediate benefits are:
•
•
•
•
The ability to store all (or part) of the user’s inputs and
specifications in XML to allow re-building of the case.
The ability to store parts of an existing simulation case in
XML and have it read into another case, either
augmenting or overwriting the definitions within that
case.
The ability to store simulation case results in an XML
format to allow post processing of simulator data, taking
advantage of the wide range of XML technology being
developed within the software industry.
The ability to browse the simulation case data in a
familiar internet browser-like environment.
In addition, HYSYS has increased ability to define and store
simulation components, including:
•
•
•
•
Workbook Sheet definitions. Individual pages of the
Workbook can be stored out and read back into any other
simulation case.
Correlation Sets. User defined sets of properties can be
configured and read into any other case.
Independent and Dependant Property Sets for LP
utilities.
HFL files. Unit operation collections from an existing
case can be stored out and modified as *.hfl files,
allowing them to be re-imported via the copy/paste
capabilities into any other case.
2-5
2-6
Introduction
2.1.4 Difference in the Aspen
HYSYS Series
For existing HYSYS users there are some significant differences
in the Aspen HYSYS 2004 series that the user will want to take
advantage of. There have been significant advancements in the
underlying fluid structure within HYSYS that has delivered a
range of exciting possibilities.
•
•
•
•
A component (library or pseudo) has been defined. The
component within HYSYS has become both flexible and
extensible. Properties of components can change through
the flowsheet, either through user intervention or via the
action of a unit operation.
Component lists can be shared amongst fluid packages,
which, in combination with the flexible component
technology, significantly reduces the number of
components required to model a given process,
particularly in refining.
User properties have been integrated into the
components and have been tied into flexible stream
reporting capabilities.
Multiple fluid packages are supported within a single
flowsheet. The user is not restricted to having one fluid
package per flowsheet. Fluid packages can be applied to
individual streams and operations within a flowsheet,
with Fluid Package Transitions automatically inserted (or
removed) where necessary.
New Technology Built on Historical
Success
The Aspen HYSYS 2004 series represents a significant
advancement in simulation technology, built upon the proven
capabilities of previous versions. As with every Aspentech
product, it reflects our commitment to delivering the Process
Asses Lifecycle within a platform that is the world leader in ease
of use and flexibility, and sets the standard for an open
engineering environment.
2-6
Program Philosophy
2-7
2.2 Simulation Case
The simulation case is comprised of the main elements
described in the following table:
Main Elements
Description
Fluid Definition
The definition of the material that is being operated on
by the unit operations, including component lists,
component properties, property package, and reactors.
Refer to Chapter 5 - Basis Environment for more
information.
Flowsheet
A collection of unit operations (physical and logical)
and the streams that connect fluid information
between them. This is termed Topology and
connectivity. See Chapter 3 - Flowsheet for more
information.
Analytical
Calculations
The property calculations (stream based) and utilities
that perform additional calculations using data
(typically stream information) owned by other objects.
Refer to Appendix A - Property Methods &
Calculations in the HYSYS Simulation Basis guide
for more information.
Data Sources
Variables which are owned by the unit operations can
either be used by other unit operations (logical
operations) in their calculations, or attached to Data
Collectors for visualization. Refer to Section 11.21 Variable Navigator for more information.
Data Collectors
Elements within the program that access data owned
by other objects for the purpose of visualization or
analysis. Refer to Section 11.7 - Databook for more
information.
Simulation
Control Tools
These are the tools that sit on top of the simulation
case, causing it to solve in a specific manner to deliver
specific behaviour.
Refer to the following objects Optimizer, Dervutil, Data
Recon utility, PM utility, and Case Studies in the
HYSYS Operations Guide, and Section 7.7 Integrator.
2-7
2-8
Simulation Case
2.2.1 Building a Simulation
Case
If you use the basic steps of building a simulation case, the
ability to re-use these simulation elements can be more easily
illustrated:
1. Create the fluid definition. Fluid packages can be stored as
self-contained pieces (as well as some of the pieces within
the fluid package) and read in to begin a simulation case.
2. Construct the flowsheet topology. Flowsheet templates, *.hfl
files, and *.xml files can all be stored as self-contained
pieces and be read in to any future simulation case. With
HYSYS 3.0, changes made in the external files (*.hfl and
*.xml) can be easily incorporated into an existing case.
Then optionally:
3. Define the Property Calculations wanted for the various fluid
types. The correlation sets or Workbooks (the entire
Workbook definition or individual tabs/pages) can be stored
outside of the simulation case and subsequently applied to
existing or new cases.
4. Create any Analytical Calculators required.
5. Identify any data sources that are required for Data
Collectors.
6. Define any Data Collectors (Strip charts, Workbooks, PFD
tables).
7. Construct any Simulation Control Tools required (Optimizer,
Integrator, or Case Study).
2-8
Program Philosophy
2-9
2.3 Multi-Flowsheet
Architecture/
Environments
With the continued evolution of computer hardware and
software architecture, the ability to rigorously model entire
plants has become feasible. HYSYS, which has always been
based on a multi-flowsheet architecture, is ideally suited for
dealing with the size of the simulation cases that result from
building plant-wide models.
Once the fluid package(s) for your simulation have been
created, you enter the main flowsheet. In this location, the bulk
of the model is created, installing the streams and operations to
represent your process.
Subflowsheets within the main flowsheet can be created at any
time, as well as subflowsheets within subflowsheets. There are
three fundamental purposes of the subflowsheet:
•
•
•
Representation of complex plant models in terms of
“units” which provides an easy mechanism for the
organization of large models.
Easy support for templating of units or processes to
facilitate their re-use.
Provide the mechanism for solver transitions (in other
words, from the default non-sequential modular solver to
the simultaneous solver used by the Column or the
MASSBAL subflowsheet).
In addition, it is also possible to use the subflowsheet as a fluid
package transition (in other words, switching from a fluid
package tailored for VLE calculations to one tailored for LLE
calculations), although with HYSYS 3.0 and up this is not the
only mechanism for applying these transitions.
Within a given flowsheet, all subflowsheets are treated as a
single unit operation with multiple connections. The parent
flowsheet (main or sub) in which that subflowsheet resides has
no knowledge of what is inside the subflowsheet (in other
words, it could be a refrigeration loop or a decanter system).
2-9
2-10
Multi-Flowsheet Architecture/
From the parent flowsheet, the subflowsheet behaves as any
other operation and calculates whenever “feed” conditions
change.
With other unit operations in HYSYS, information can flow
across the subflowsheet boundary bi-directionally (in other
words, product stream information can flow into the
subflowsheet).
The nature of the subflowsheet gives rise to the concept of
environments. Although a subflowsheet (template or column)
appears as a single operation in its owner flowsheet, you can, at
any time, enter the subflowsheet to examine conditions in
greater detail or make changes. You can make topology changes
in the main PFD or in the subflowsheet environment. If you
enter the subflowsheet’s build environment, the following HYSYS
behaviour occurs:
•
•
The parent flowsheet (and all those which are above the
current flowsheet in the simulation case hierarchy) are
temporarily cached.
The parent flowsheet’s solver(s) (and all those which are
above the current flowsheet in the simulation case
hierarchy) only process the forget pass, and calculations
are temporarily suspended. Within the subflowsheet
calculations are still performed, but the results are not
propagated to the rest of the simulation until you come
out of the subflowsheet environment. This lets you focus
on a specific aspect of the simulation without having the
entire simulation calculate every time conditions change.
While there are certain programmatic behaviours built into
HYSYS to facilitate the proper behaviour of the flowsheets, this
does not limit its ability to access information from any location
in the program. No matter where you are in the simulation case,
you can open any flowsheet’s PFD, Workbook or property view
for a stream or operation within that flowsheet. Since the
subflowsheets are, in essence, single operations within the main
flowsheet, each has its own property view. You can access
resident information inside the subflowsheet through this
property view without ever having to enter the subflowsheet
itself.
2-10
Program Philosophy
2-11
The accessing of data within the simulation case is the function
of the Navigators.
Refer to Section 7.17 Object Navigator for
details on the Object
Navigator.
Refer to Section 11.21 Variable Navigator for
details on the Variable
Navigator.
Refer to Section 7.18 Simulation Navigator
for details on the
Simulation Navigator.
•
•
•
The Object Navigator gives immediate access to the
property view for any stream or operation from any
location.
The Variable Navigator lets you target variables from any
Flowsheet for use—either by a logical unit operation—or
as part of one of the Data Collectors.
The Simulation Navigator provides a single location
where you can view or interact with the property views
for all streams and unit operations in the simulation case,
regardless of which flowsheet they reside in.
2-11
2-12
Multi-Flowsheet Architecture/
2-12
Flowsheet
3-1
3 Flowsheet
3.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
3.2 Flowsheets in HYSYS ..................................................................... 3
3.3 HYSYS Environments ..................................................................... 4
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
Basis Environments .................................................................. 5
Simulation Environments........................................................... 6
Environment Relationships......................................................... 9
Advantages of Using Environments ........................................... 11
3.4 Subflowsheet Environment .......................................................... 13
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
Subflowsheet Entities.............................................................. 14
Subflowsheet Advantages........................................................ 14
Multi-Level Flowsheet Architecture............................................ 15
Flowsheet Information Transfer ................................................ 18
3.5 Templates .................................................................................... 19
3.5.1 Template Information ............................................................. 19
3.5.2 Creating a Template Style Flowsheet......................................... 24
3.5.3 Installing a Template .............................................................. 26
3.6 Property View Flowsheet Analysis ............................................... 28
3.6.1 Stream Analysis ..................................................................... 28
3.6.2 Unit Operation Analysis ........................................................... 30
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3-2
Introduction
3.1 Introduction
The following sections describe the functionalities of the various
flowsheets within HYSYS.
Keep the following in mind:
•
•
•
•
•
Fluid packages can be assigned to individual unit
operations or groups of unit operations in a flowsheet,
independent of the default fluid package for that
flowsheet. Fluid package transitions are automatically
introduced for the user.
The Cut/Copy/Paste function allows the creation of an
*.hfl file, which can be stored on disk. This HFL file can
be created from any collection of unit operations and
streams within the simulation case. The fluid packages
associated with those objects are also saved with the HFL
file. You can open this file and edit it, using the fluid
packages contained for the calculations. When an HFL file
is imported into a simulation case, the fluid packages are
removed; only the objects, topology, and specifications
are imported into the target case.
Unit operations and streams can be added to and
removed from flowsheets using the Cut/Copy/Paste
functionality.
Case Collaboration allows you to construct smaller
flowsheets of a larger process and examine the
relationships/impacts between flowsheets.
XML data representation provides a complimentary
representation of the traditional binary form of the case
storage. It allows you to read impartial information into
one or more existing simulation cases, resulting in those
cases being updated with the new information.
In addition to these features, HYSYS can define elements of the
simulation case and store them independently of the case for
subsequent re-use. This includes not only fluid package
elements and flowsheet topologies, but analytical tools such as
property calculations and Workbooks as well.
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Flowsheet
3-3
3.2 Flowsheets in HYSYS
HYSYS uses a multi-level flowsheet architecture tightly
integrated within a framework of simulation environments.
Separate Desktops for each environment help you focus on the
current design task, and multi-level flowsheets allow you to
contain complex processes within subflowsheets.
As a result, you can interact with an installed subflowsheet
operation as if it were a simple black box, or you can use the
subflowsheet’s simulation environment when more detailed
interaction is required. Potentially complex flowsheets installed
as subflowsheet operations function in a familiar and consistent
manner, much like the other “normal” unit operations in HYSYS.
HYSYS also supports the concept of a Process Template. A
template is a complete flowsheet that is stored on disk with
additional information on how to set up the flowsheet as a
subflowsheet operation.
Typically, templates represent a plant process module or a
portion of a process module. The stored template can be read
from disk and installed as a complete subflowsheet operation
numerous times and in any number of different simulation
cases.
The subflowsheet can also be assigned a separate fluid package
different from main flowsheet. This feature lets you model plant
utilities more rigorously using, for example, cooling water and
steam circuits as separate flowsheets with dedicated Steam
Table property packages.
The flowsheet and subflowsheet are not restricted to a single
fluid package.
Column Subflowsheets – A Special Case
Column subflowsheets are a distinct class of subflowsheets
because they provide a simultaneous flowsheet solution. Even
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3-4
HYSYS Environments
though they are different, they are created and accessed much
like normal subflowsheets, and can be created and later
imported into other simulations.
The column subflowsheet’s property view and the Column’s
simulation environment are very different, however, as they are
suited specifically for designing columns rather than general
processes.
Although a lot of the general subflowsheet information
presented in this chapter also applies to the column
subflowsheet, the column subflowsheet operation is discussed
specifically and in-depth in Chapter 2 - Column Operations in
the HYSYS Operations Guide.
MASSBAL Flowsheets – A Special Case
Refer to Section 13.2 MASSBAL
Subflowsheet in the
HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
HYSYS can also solve selected flowsheet configurations in a
simultaneous mode. By integrating the MASSBAL solver into
HYSYS, a flowsheet can be configured and initialized using the
non-sequential modular solver, and then transitioned to be
solved simultaneously. From the overall flowsheet execution,
this flowsheet behaves as a black box solution, solving
whenever its connections change.
3.3 HYSYS Environments
The environment design concept is one of the cornerstones on
which HYSYS is built. These environments let you access and
input information in a certain area (environment) of the
simulation, while other areas of the simulation are put on hold.
The other areas will not proceed with steady state calculations
until you are finished working in the active area. Since the
HYSYS integrator is time-step based, the environments have no
impact on dynamic calculations.
The environments help you maintain peak efficiency while
working with your simulation by avoiding the execution of
redundant calculations.
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Flowsheet
3-5
Separate Desktops are available within each environment.
These Desktops include an appropriate menu bar, toolbar, and
Home View(s) specifically designed for interaction with that
particular environment. The Desktops also remember the
property views that are open, even when their associated
environment is not currently active.
When moving from one environment to another, Desktops
provide a mechanism to quickly and automatically put away
what ever property views are open in one environment, and
bring up the property views that were open in the other
environment. This feature is useful when working with large
flowsheets.
The environments in HYSYS can be loosely grouped into two
categories:
•
•
Basis environments
Simulation environments
These environments are described in more detail in the following
sections.
3.3.1 Basis Environments
There are two types Basis environments:
•
•
Simulation Basis
Oil Characterization
Simulation Basis Environment
When beginning a HYSYS simulation, you automatically start in
the Simulation Basis environment. Here you create, define, and
modify fluid packages to be used by the simulation’s flowsheets.
In general, a fluid package contains—at minimum—a property
package and library and/or hypothetical components. Fluid
packages can also contain information such as reactions and
interaction parameters.
The Desktop for the Simulation Basis environment contains a
toolbar with the appropriate icons for Basis tasks and designates
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3-6
HYSYS Environments
the Simulation Basis Manager property view as the Home View.
Oil Characterization Environment
The Oil Characterization environment lets you characterizes
petroleum fluids by creating and defining assays and blends.
The Oil Characterization procedure generates petroleum
hypocomponents for use in your fluid package(s). The Oil
environment is accessible only within the Simulation Basis
environment.
The Desktop for the Oil Characterization environment is very
similar to the Desktop in the Simulation Basis environment.
Icons specific to Generating Oils appear and the Oil
Characterization Manager is the Home View.
3.3.2 Simulation Environments
The following are examples of Simulation environments:
•
•
•
Main flowsheet environment/subflowsheet environment
Column subflowsheet environment
MASSBAL subflowsheet environment
HYSYS allows you to “nest” flowsheets. The main flowsheet is
the parent flowsheet for the subflowsheets it contains. A
subflowsheet can also be a parent flowsheet if it contains other
subflowsheets.
You can create subflowsheets within all the flowsheets in
your simulation.
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Flowsheet
3-7
Main Flowsheet/SubFlowsheet
Environment
The simulation case main flowsheet environment is where you
do the majority of your work in HYSYS. Here you install and
define the following:
•
•
•
Streams
Unit operations
Columns
You can also create subflowsheets in the main environment.
This flowsheet serves as the base level or “main” flowsheet for
the whole simulation case. Any number of subflowsheets can be
generated in this main flowsheet. While there is only one main
flowsheet environment, each individual subflowsheet that is
installed can have its own corresponding subflowsheet
environment.
The Desktop for the main flowsheet environment contains an
extensive menu bar and toolbar designed for building and
running simulations. There are two Home Views for the
flowsheet: the Workbook and the PFD.
A subflowsheet environment is almost identical to the main
flowsheet environment because you can install streams,
operations, and other subflowsheets. One difference is that each
installed flowsheet in the simulation case has its own
corresponding environment, while there is only one main
flowsheet environment. The other difference is that while you
are in a subflowsheet environment, steady state calculations in
other areas of the simulation are put on hold until you return to
the main flowsheet environment.
Parent Simulation
Environment icon
The Desktop for a subflowsheet environment is virtually
identical to the Desktop for the main flowsheet except for one
difference: the Parent Simulation Environment icon appears
in the toolbar.
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3-8
HYSYS Environments
Column Subflowsheet Environment
The Column environment is where you install and define the
streams and operations contained in a column subflowsheet,
and it is similar to the subflowsheet environment described in
the previous section. Examples of unit operations you can install
in a column subflowsheet include the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tray sections
Condensers
Reboilers
Side strippers
Heat exchangers
Pumps
HYSYS contains a number of pre-built column subflowsheet
templates that allow you to quickly install a column of a typical
type and then, if necessary, customize it as required within its
Column environment.
There are eleven pre-build columns available in HYSYS.
Column Runner icon
The menu bar, toolbar, and Home Views for the Column
environment are designed expressly for designing, modifying,
and converging column subflowsheets. It includes an additional
Home View (the Column Runner), and a corresponding menu
item and a Column Runner icon on the toolbar provide access
to the Column Runner property view. Even with these changes,
a Column environment Desktop still closely resembles the
conventional flowsheet environment Desktop.
Due to the nature of its solution method, the column
subflowsheet does not support other subflowsheets.
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Flowsheet
3-9
3.3.3 Environment
Relationships
The figure below shows the relationship among the various
environments. The arrows indicate how you usually move
between environments as you build a HYSYS simulation.
Figure 3.1
3-9
3-10
HYSYS Environments
Building a Simulation
1. Create a new simulation case. HYSYS automatically starts
you in the Simulation Basis environment.
2. Inside the Simulation Basis environment, do the following:
•
Select a property method and pure components from the
HYSYS pure component library.
• Create and define any hypothetical components, if
required.
• Define reactions, if required.
At this point, you have two options. If you have a petroleum
fluid to characterize, proceed to step #3. If not, proceed to
step #5.
3. Enter the Oil Characterization environment, where you can
do the following:
•
•
Define one or more Assays and Blends.
Generate petroleum hypocomponents representing the
oil.
To access the Oil environment you must be inside the
Simulation Basis environment.
4. Return to the Simulation Basis environment.
5. Enter the main flowsheet environment, where you can do
the following:
•
•
Install and define streams and unit operations.
Install columns operations, process templates, and
subflowsheet operations as required.
6. Enter a Column or subflowsheet environment when you need
to make topological changes, or if you want to take
advantage of a subflowsheet environment’s separate
Desktop.
You can move between the flowsheet environments at any
time during the simulation. The arrows in the previous
diagram show that the column and subflowsheet
environments are accessible only from the main flowsheet,
however, this is only the typical way of moving between the
environments.
3-10
Flowsheet
Navigator icon
3-11
The Navigator lets you move directly from one flowsheet to any
another. The only restriction is that the Oil environment can be
accessed only within the Simulation Basis environment.
3.3.4 Advantages of Using
Environments
To illustrate the advantages of the environments approach,
consider the creation of a new HYSYS simulation case. When
you start HYSYS, you start in the Simulation Basis environment,
where you define a fluid package by selecting a property method
and components. When finished, you enter the main flowsheet
environment and begin installing streams and unit operations.
Using environments helps make the most of your simulation
time by eliminating the execution of time-consuming,
extraneous calculations.
If you are missing some components in the fluid package, you
can return to the Simulation Basis environment and all
flowsheets are placed in Holding mode until you return to the
main flowsheet. This prevents calculations from occurring until
you have made all required changes to the fluid package.
With each time-step, Dynamic calculations proceed from the
front to back of the flowsheet in an orderly propagation. This
is not affected by the flowsheet environments. Dynamics
calculate in a “flat” flowsheet space.
The flowsheet calculations do not resume until you return to the
main flowsheet environment.
Click the Active icon to
resume calculations.
For subflowsheets, the concept of Holding steady state
calculations works according to the hierarchy of the flowsheets
in the simulation. When working inside a particular flowsheet,
only that flowsheet and any others below it in the hierarchy
automatically calculate as you make changes.
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3-12
HYSYS Environments
All other flowsheets hold until you move to their flowsheet’s
Simulation environment, or one directly above them on the
hierarchical tree.
Figure 3.2
If changing the number of trays for a column in subflowsheet F,
enter the environment for this subflowsheet and make the
changes. HYSYS re-calculates the column. There are no
flowsheets below F, so all other flowsheets are on hold while you
modify the column.
You can change specifications from anywhere in the
simulation case. You can make topology changes on any
open PFD, or you can make the changes in the environment
of that flowsheet.
Continue making changes until you reach a satisfactory solution
for F, then return to the main flowsheet environment to
automatically re-calculate all the flowsheets based on the new
subflowsheet solution.
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Flowsheet
3-13
If you modify subflowsheet D, all flowsheets are on hold except
D and E, which will solved based on your modifications. After
reaching a new solution for D, enter subflowsheet C, which then
resumes calculations. When you return to the main flowsheet,
all other flowsheets (Main, A, B and F) resume calculations.
If you move directly from subflowsheet D to subflowsheet A,
however, HYSYS automatically visits the main flowsheet and
updates all calculations, so flowsheet A has the most up-to-date
information when you transfer to it. Any movement to a
flowsheet not on your branch of the tree forces a full
recalculation by HYSYS.
3.4 Subflowsheet
Environment
Refer to Section 13.3.1 Adding a Subflowsheet
in the HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
The Simulation environment described in the previous section is
one of the cornerstone design concepts upon which HYSYS is
built. When combined with subflowsheet capabilities, it defines
the basic foundation for building a HYSYS simulation. The
subflowsheet and Column operations use the multi-level
flowsheet architecture and provide a flexible, intuitive method
for building the simulation.
Suppose you are simulating a large processing facility with a
number of individual process units. Instead of installing all
process streams and unit operations into a single flowsheet, you
can simulate each process unit inside its own subflowsheet.
Modeling a large process using several flowsheets helps
better organize your work and manipulate the simulation.
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3-14
Subflowsheet Environment
3.4.1 Subflowsheet Entities
Both the main flowsheet and subflowsheets contain the
following components:
Flowsheet Component
Description
Fluid Package
An independent fluid package, consisting of a
property package and components.
It is not necessary that every flowsheet in the
simulation have its own separate fluid
package. More than one flowsheet can share
the same fluid package.
Flowsheet Objects
The inter-connected topology of the
flowsheet, including unit operations, material
and energy streams, and utilities.
A Dedicated PFD
A graphics property view of the flowsheet
showing the inter-connections between
flowsheet objects.
A Dedicated Workbook
A tabular property view describing the various
types of flowsheet objects.
A Dedicated Desktop
The PFD and Workbook are Home Views for
this Desktop, but also included are a menu
bar and a toolbar specific to the specific
flowsheet type.
3.4.2 Subflowsheet
Advantages
The multi-flowsheet architecture of HYSYS provides a number of
technical and functional advantages. The following table
explains the benefits of using subflowsheets in a simulation:
Capability
Benefit
Multiple Fluid
Packages
Each installed subflowsheet can have its own fluid
package within a single simulation case.
Flowsheet
Association
Flowsheet association is a design that forces the
change of property methods to occur at defined
flowsheet boundaries. This ensures that consistent
transitions between the thermodynamic basis of the
different property methods are maintained and easily
controlled.
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Flowsheet
3-15
Capability
Benefit
Simulation Case
Organization
Create subflowsheets to break large simulations into
smaller, more easily managed components. This helps
you to keep your simulation organized and concise.
There is no limit (except available memory) to the
number of flowsheets contained in a HYSYS simulation.
Template
Creation
Save time and money by creating individual template
style flowsheets of commonly used process units,
which you can install within other simulations.
Templates are fully defined flowsheets with a property
package and components, unit operations, streams,
and flowsheet specifications.
Once a template is installed, it is functionally
equivalent to a subflowsheet that was created in that
simulation case. It doesn’t work the other way,
however; you can’t save a subflowsheet to disk and
use it in another simulation.
Nested
Flowsheets
You can create nested flowsheets, subflowsheets inside
other subflowsheets. The only restriction on nesting is
you cannot create subflowsheet operations inside a
Column subflowsheet.
The use of subflowsheets is the ideal solution if your simulation
requires the use of multiple property packages or involves
modeling large and complex processes.
3.4.3 Multi-Level Flowsheet
Architecture
The subflowsheets contained in the main flowsheet of the
simulation case are discrete unit operations with feed and
product streams. If you are interested only in the feeds to and
the products from a subflowsheet, you can work from the main
flowsheet.
For further details, see
Section 7.24.4 - Access
Column or
Subflowsheet PFDs.
A Show/Hide command also exists for displaying
subflowsheet objects on the main flowsheet PFD.
If you need to view information about the individual operations
in the subflowsheet, go “inside” the subflowsheet to get a more
detailed perspective. This is also referred to as “Entering the
subflowsheet environment”.
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3-16
Subflowsheet Environment
This concept also applies to column operations. For example,
consider the PFD of the main flowsheet for the Sour Water
Stripper simulation shown below.
Figure 3.3
In the main flowsheet, the
column appears as any
other unit operation
(Figure 3.3), however,
the column has its own
subflowsheet (Figure
3.4) that provides a
detailed look at the
column’s internal streams
and operations.
MAIN FLOWSHEET
From the simulation environment of the main flowsheet, the
distillation column SW Stripper appears as any other unit
operation with feed and product streams, however, the column
is also a subflowsheet with streams and operations of its own.
For a more detailed look at the column, go inside the column
subflowsheet and examine the streams and operations in the
SW Stripper’s simulation environment. Inside the column
subflowsheet (see Figure 3.4), the tray section, reboiler, and
condenser exist as individual unit operations. Similarly, the
streams attaching these operations are also distinct.
Within the main flowsheet, the only subflowsheet streams of
interest are those that directly attach to the column. In the case
of the Sour Water Stripper, the material streams Feed, Off Gas,
Bottoms, and the utility streams Cooling Water and Steam are
the streams of interest. These streams are called Boundary
Streams because they cross out of the main flowsheet’s
environment into that of the subflowsheet, carrying information
between parent and subflowsheets.
Within the subflowsheet environment, a dedicated Workbook
and PFD allow you to access to the information that pertains
only to this subflowsheet. Although information is never hidden
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Flowsheet
3-17
or inaccessible among the various levels of flowsheets in a
simulation case, the use of the environments organizes and
focuses the simulation efforts in a clear and logical manner.
Figure 3.4
COLUMN SUB-FLOWSHEET
The Simulation environment design basis of HYSYS allows
topological changes to a subflowsheet only within the
Simulation environment for that specific flowsheet.
Each subflowsheet has its own PFD and Workbook, which
display only the information related to that flowsheet.
Multi-Flowsheet Navigation
Refer to Section 7.18 Simulation Navigator
for details on the
Simulation Navigator.
Refer to Section 7.17 Object Navigator for
details on the Object
Navigator.
The multi-flowsheet architecture can be compared to a directory
structure. The main flowsheet and its subflowsheets are
directories and sub-directories, with the streams and operations
as the files in that directory. The process information associated
with the streams and operations becomes the contents of the
files.
HYSYS has special tools called Navigators that are designed to
take advantage of this directory-like structure. Within a single
property view, you can easily access a stream, operation, or
process variable in one flowsheet from any other flowsheet in
your simulation.
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3-18
Subflowsheet Environment
3.4.4 Flowsheet Information
Transfer
When you install or create a subflowsheet in the Simulation
environment, it appears and behaves as a single operation with
one or more feed and product streams. Whenever the values of
the streams attached to the subflowsheet change, the
subflowsheet recalculates just like any other regular unit
operation.
By default, the Calculation Level for a subflowsheet is set to
2500, which ensures that all possible flowsheet calculations
in the Parent flowsheet are performed before the
subflowsheet is calculated. This tends to force the
subflowsheet to be the last calculation in the chain. In most
situations this is the desired behaviour, but can be changed
by modifying the subflowsheet's calculation Level.
Each of the parent flowsheet’s streams attached to the
subflowsheet as either a feed or product are associated on a 1:1
basis with a Boundary Stream inside the subflowsheet.
Information flows between the parent flowsheet and the
subflowsheet through these associated streams.
When a connection is established across the boundary, the
subflowsheet is automatically renamed with the name of the
stream in the parent flowsheet. You can override the name
reassignment afterwards since the streams on each side of the
flowsheet boundary do not require the same name. For
example, you can have a stream named To Decanter in the
main flowsheet connected with the Decanter Feed stream in a
subflowsheet.
The subflowsheet architecture allows the consistent use of
different property methods. On each subflowsheet’s property
view, HYSYS allows you to control how stream information is
exchanged as it crosses the flowsheet boundary.
For example, you can specify the Vapour Fraction and
Temperature (specified or calculated values) of a stream in the
Main simulation to be passed to the subflowsheet. Once this
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Flowsheet
3-19
information is passed to the subflowsheet, the property package
for the subflowsheet then calculates the remaining properties
using the transferred composition.
No flash calculations are required for Energy streams. The
heat flow is simply passed between flowsheets.
Component maps are available to allow you to define how to
handle different component lists between fluid packages.
3.5 Templates
A template flowsheet is a normal HYSYS flowsheet with some
additional information contained in its main properties. It uses a
different file extension when it is stored to disk (*.tpl or *.hfl
instead of the regular *.hsc). The different file extension is used
mainly for organizational purposes.
3.5.1 Template Information
The template information for the flowsheet is accessed through
the Simulation Case property view.
Figure 3.5
The seven tabs of
this property view
are the same as for
any simulation case.
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3-20
Templates
To open the Simulation Case property view, select Main
Properties from the Simulation menu, or press CTRL M.
There are two additional tabs that are exclusive to templates,
which are available when the standard simulation case is
converted to a template. To convert a simulation case to a
template, click the Convert to Template button at the bottom
of the Simulation Case property view. Once you click the button,
the extra tabs appear and the button is no longer visible.
These extra tabs contain all of the same information available on
the property view of an installed subflowsheet operation as well
as some additional information. These extra parameters allow
the flowsheet to be treated as a “black box” that you can install
as a subflowsheet operation with the same ease and in the same
manner as you would install a regular unit operation.
Exported Connections Tab
On the Exported Connections tab, enter the Template Tag and
select the Installed Simulation Basis. All Feed and Product
connections also appear.
Figure 3.6
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Flowsheet
3-21
Template Tag
Flowsheet Tags are short names used by HYSYS to identify the
flowsheet associated with a stream or operation when that
flowsheet object is being viewed outside of its native flowsheet’s
scope. The default Tag name for subflowsheet operations is TPL
(for template). When more than one subflowsheet operation is
installed, HYSYS ensures unique tag names by adding an
incremental numerical suffix similar to the HYSYS auto-naming
unit operations; they are numbered sequentially in the order
they were installed. For example, if the first subflowsheet added
to a simulation contained a stream called Comp Duty, it would
appear as Comp [email protected] when viewed from the main
flowsheet of the simulation.
Installed Simulation Basis
When a template is imported into a simulation case, its
associated fluid package is added to the list of fluid packages in
the Simulation Basis Manager property view. The Installed
Simulation Basis gives the template builder the choice of using
its own internal fluid package or the same fluid package of the
parent flowsheet where it is installed. This only affects what
happens at the time the template is first installed.
Once a template is installed the resulting fluid package
association can be over-ridden in the Simulation Basis
Manager property view at any time.
Feed and Product Stream Info
All streams in the flowsheet template that are not completely
connected (for example, a feed to a unit operation or a product
from a unit operation) are designated as Boundary Streams, and
appear in the appropriate group. Boundary Streams cannot be
selected to appear on this tab; they are automatically
determined by HYSYS. These are the streams that you are
connecting to when the template is installed in a flowsheet.
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Templates
A stream that appears on the Exported Connections tab does
not necessarily have to be connected.
For each stream appearing in either the Feed Stream or Product
Stream matrices, you can specify the Boundary Label and
Transfer Basis.
A Boundary Label describes the name of the feed and product
connections. This is not the name of the streams, but rather the
function of the streams (in other words, if using a numerical
standard for stream numbering, the feed stream inside the
template could be 1, but its feed label could be HP Feed).
This option allows you to provide descriptive feed and product
stream labels, much like the built-in unit operation property
views used on their Connection tabs. By default, it assumes the
name of its corresponding boundary stream in the template.
The Transfer Basis is used for feed and product streams as they
cross the flowsheet boundary. The Transfer Basis becomes
significant only when the subflowsheet and parent flowsheet
property packages are different. When there are differing fluid
packages in the two flowsheets (parent and subflowsheet) you
can specify what stream properties are used to calculate the
stream on the other side of the boundary.
The Transfer Basis provides a consistent means of switching
between the differing basis of the various property methods:
Flash Type
Description
T-P Flash
The Pressure and Temperature of the Material stream are
passed between flowsheets. A new Vapour Fraction is
calculated.
VF-T Flash
The Vapour Fraction and Temperature of the Material
stream are passed between flowsheets. A new Pressure is
calculated.
VF-P Flash
The Vapour Fraction and Pressure of the Material stream
are passed between flowsheets. A new Temperature is
calculated.
None
Required
No calculation is required for an Energy stream. The heat
flow is simply passed between flowsheets.
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Flowsheet
3-23
Exported Variables Tab
Use this tab to create and maintain the list of Exported
Variables.
Figure 3.7
Although any information can be accessed inside the
subflowsheet using the Variable Navigator, this feature can
target key process variables inside the subflowsheet and display
their values on the property view. Then, when the template is
installed, you can conveniently view this information directly on
the subflowsheet’s property view in the parent flowsheet.
This is useful when treating the subflowsheet as a black box as
all the important specifications for the operation of the
subflowsheet can be collected and documented in one location.
You will not have to enter the subflowsheet environment to
adjust the template to your needs.
To add variables to this tab, click the Add button. The Add
Variable to Case property view appears. Select the flowsheet
object and variable. On the Add Variable to Case property view,
you can override the default variable description and provide
another one.
Refer to Section 13.3 Subflowsheet Property
View in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
information about the
Parameters tab.
When installing a template into another case, these variables
appear on the Parameters tab of the subflowsheet property
view.
3-23
3-24
Templates
There is no difference between a template flowsheet and a
normal flowsheet, except the additional information
mentioned above, and the use of different file extensions. A
template flowsheet can be read in as the main flowsheet in a
simulation case if necessary—you just get a warning
message and the extra information is ignored.
3.5.2 Creating a Template
Style Flowsheet
Any main flowsheet can be used as the base for a template. By
pressing a button, you toggle the flowsheet so that it becomes a
template style flowsheet. Then you supply the extra information
needed for installing in any simulation case. You can also save it
to disk.
Once you convert a case into a template and import it into
another case, most of the monitoring and customizing tools
within the template will be transferred over to the new
simulation environment. Information such as the strip charts,
utilities, and macro language entries are transferred along with
the template. However, the event schedules, optimizer settings,
dynamics initialization settings, snapshot manager settings, and
Databook items (for example, case studies, process data table,
and data recorder settings) are not transferable.
You cannot create a template from just parts of a main
flowsheet. Delete any unwanted streams and operations
from the main flowsheet before saving it to disk. To preserve
your original simulation case, save it with another name
before creating the template.
HFL files, which are created using the Cut/Copy and Paste
functionality (accessible from the PFD), have near
equivalent behaviour to template files and can be created by
selecting groups of operations from within a simulation case.
You can convert an existing case to a template or create a new
template for a flowsheet.
3-24
Flowsheet
3-25
Converting an Existing Case to a Template
You can convert an existing case to a template if you have
already created a simulation case (not a new template), or if
you have an existing case on disk that you want to use as a
template.
1. From the Simulation menu, select the Main Properties.
The Simulation Case property view appears.
2. Click the Convert to Template button.
Refer to Section 3.5.1 Template Information
for more information.
3. Click on the Exported Connections tab.
4. Set the Template Tag, Installed Simulation Basis and other
optional template information if required.
5. When you save the simulation, it is saved as a template.
You cannot create a template from an existing subflowsheet
that is part of a larger simulation.
Creating a New Template
You can create a new template for a new simulation case.
1. From the File menu, select the New command, and then
Template.
2. Build the simulation.
Refer to Section 3.5.1 Template Information
for more information.
3. From the Simulation menu, select Main Properties. The
Simulation Case property view appears.
4. Click on the Exported Connections tab.
5. Set the Template Tag, Installed Simulation Basis and other
optional template information if required.
6. When you save the simulation, it is saved as a template.
Since you can have multiple simulation cases in memory, you
can create a new template as part of your current session
and then install it in your original Simulation case.
3-25
3-26
Templates
HYSYS automatically saves the template in the Templates
directory as a template file (*.tpl). The default path for the
Templates directory is set according to the HYSYS preferences.
As shipped, the default directory is HYSYS\Template.
A combination of flowsheets can be in your template (for
example, a main flowsheet and one or more subflowsheets).
Likewise, multiple fluid packages can be included in the
template if they are associated with a flowsheet at the time
the template is saved to disk.
3.5.3 Installing a Template
To install a template, follow the same procedure as for installing
a subflowsheet.
Subflowsheet icon
1. Do one of the following:
• Select the Flowsheet-Add Operation command (or
press F12), to open the UnitOps property view. Select
Standard Sub-Flowsheet from the Available Unit
Operations list.
• Open the HYSYS Object Palette (press F4) and click the
Subflowsheet icon on the Object Palette.
After you initiate the installation of a subflowsheet, a SubFlowsheet Option property view appears.
Figure 3.8
2. Click the Read an Existing Template button to install a
template from disk.
If you do not want to read an existing template, click the
Start with a Blank Flowsheet button.
3-26
Flowsheet
3-27
The Start with a Blank Flowsheet is a good option if you are
just creating a small subflowsheet. This subflowsheet is not
available for use in any other simulation case you create in
the future.
If you think you might re-use the subflowsheet at a later
date, consider creating a full template flowsheet instead.
The process of creating a subflowsheet with a blank initial
flowsheet operation is covered in detail in Section 13.3.1 Adding a Subflowsheet of the HYSYS Operations Guide.
Reading an Existing Template
To install a template style flowsheet, click the Read an Existing
Template button. HYSYS looks in the default Templates directory
[Root:\HYSYS\Template] for available template files
(*.TPL).
HYSYS includes a sample process template for trial
purposes. It is called REFRIG.TPL.
HYSYS automatically installs any fluid packages associated with
the template into the Simulation Basis Manager. The main
flowsheet contained in the template is then installed as a new
subflowsheet unit operation in the current flowsheet.
If there are subflowsheets in the template, they are installed
as subflowsheets underneath the new subflowsheet
operation. In other words, everything in the template is
shifted-down at least one level.
After the flowsheet(s) have been inserted in the simulation case,
a fluid package is selected for the subflowsheet based on the
Installed Fluid Package setting used in the template.
Once HYSYS finishes installing the template, you are placed on
the Connections tab of the subflowsheet property view where
you can define the connections for the template.
3-27
3-28
Property View Flowsheet Analysis
3.6 Property View
Flowsheet Analysis
In HYSYS, stream and operation property views contain
analytical information based on the current flowsheet
conditions. For example, the stream property view has a page
that contains information concerning all phases present in the
stream. Also, certain operations have pages that display
performance profiles, results, and other analytical information.
3.6.1 Stream Analysis
Refer to Section 12.2 Material Stream
Property View in the
HYSYS Operations
Guide for details on the
various tabs and pages.
See Section 7.26 Utilities for information
on attaching a utility to a
stream.
The stream property view has two tabs that contain information
pertinent to stream analysis: the Worksheet and Attachments
tabs.
Figure 3.9
The Properties page in the Worksheet tab contains detailed
property correlation information about the stream. The
Conditions page is a subset of the information provided in the
Properties page.
3-28
Flowsheet
3-29
The Utilities page in the Attachments tab is used to attach
utilities to the stream, while the Unit Ops page indicates which
unit operations are attached to the stream.
To view the stream properties, do the following:
1. Open the Stream property view, click the Worksheet tab,
then select the Properties page.
2. Click the View Correlation Set List icon. The Correlation
Set Picker property view appears.
View Correlation Set List
icon
3. Select Standard Set from the property view and click the
Apply button.
The Correlation Set Picker property view closes and the
stream properties appear in the table on the Properties
page. In addition to containing the basic stream conditions,
more detailed physical property information for the stream is
shown in the table.
With the stream property view at its default size, the page has
horizontal scroll bars. By using the horizontal scroll bar, you can
scroll left and right to view the Vapour, Liquid, and/or Aqueous
phases for the stream.
Instead of scrolling through the property view, you can also
resize it so that all phases, and all of the properties for each
phase can be seen, as shown in the figure below.
Figure 3.10
3-29
3-30
Property View Flowsheet Analysis
The Liquid Phase is referred to as the Aqueous Phase because
Water is present in the stream. The other phases you may
encounter are Light and/or Heavy Liquid.
3.6.2 Unit Operation Analysis
Many unit operations in HYSYS have pages that contain
analytical information.
The type of analytical information found in operation
property views depends on the operation type. Regardless of
what the operation is, the displayed information is
automatically updated as conditions change.
For example, the Heat Exchanger displays its analytical
information on the Worksheet and Performance tabs.
A Worksheet tab is available on each unit operation property
view. It provides access to the streams attached to the unit.
The Details page in the Performance tab of a Heat Exchanger
displays the information in two groups:
•
•
Overall Performance
Detailed Performance
3-30
Flowsheet
3-31
Figure 3.11
The Plots page lets you to generate curves for the shell and/or
tube sides of the heat exchanger. From the Plot Type dropdown list, you can select the X and Y axis variables for the plot.
Figure 3.12
3-31
3-32
Property View Flowsheet Analysis
The Tables page displays the same information provided in the
Plots page but in tabular form.
3-32
File Management
4-1
4 File Management
4.1 Menu Bar........................................................................................ 2
4.2 File................................................................................................. 3
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
Starting a Simulation Case ........................................................ 3
Saving a Simulation Case .......................................................... 7
File Extensions......................................................................... 8
Closing a Simulation Case ......................................................... 9
Printing................................................................................... 9
Exiting HYSYS........................................................................ 10
4.3 HFL Files ...................................................................................... 10
4-1
4-2
Menu Bar
4.1 Menu Bar
Most of the tasks performed in HYSYS are accessed through the
menu bar. The list of command or function groups, displayed at
the top of the HYSYS Desktop, is a drop-down menu system. By
selecting an option from the menu bar, a menu of commands
appears.
The menus available in the menu bar changes depending on
the simulation environment. For example, the Column
environment has a menu item called Column in the menu
bar.
The menu bar also provides access to functions that can only be
accessed through the menu bar, such as Session Preferences
property view and switching to another simulation currently in
memory.
If you want to switch focus from the menu bar without
making a selection, press the ESC key or the ALT key.
You can access the menu bar options in three ways:
•
•
•
Click the required menu to open the associated dropdown menu.
Use the ALT key in combination with the underlined
letter in the menu bar title. For example, ALT F opens
the File menu.
Use the ALT key by itself to move the active location to
the File option in the menu bar. Once the menu bar
becomes the active location in HYSYS, you can
manoeuvre through the menu using the keyboard. The
UP and DOWN arrow keys move through the menu
associated with a specific item, while the LEFT and
RIGHT arrow keys move you to the next menu, opening
the associated drop-down menu.
4-2
File Management
4-3
4.2 File
There are two variations of the File menu. A condensed menu
appears in HYSYS before a simulation is created or opened. The
commands common to both versions of the menu, as well as the
functions specific to the detailed menu, are explained in this
section.
The menu commands are grouped into five main categories:
•
•
•
•
•
File Menu
Starting a Simulation
Saving a Simulation
Closing a Simulation
Printing
Exiting HYSYS
A command item with an arrow head pointing to the side
contains additional commands in a submenu.
4.2.1 Starting a Simulation
Case
The New and Open commands under File in the menu bar enable
you to create a new flowsheet or open an existing flowsheet. If
you select New or Open, an expandible menu appears
containing the available flowsheet commands:
See Chapter 3 Flowsheet for more
information on
subflowsheets and
templates.
Refer to Section 4.3 HFL Files for more
information regarding the
HFL files.
Option
Description
Case
Creates a new simulation case or opens an existing one.
This command enables you to access HYSYS simulation
cases (*.hsc), HYSIM simulation cases (*.sim) or Backup
simulation cases (*.bk0).
Template
Creates a new template or opens an existing one. These
are subflowsheet templates.
Column
Creates a new column flowsheet or opens an existing one.
Cut/Copy/
Paste
Creates a new blank case and then imports the selected
HFL file into that case.
4-3
4-4
File
When opening a case from an older version of HYSYS, you
receive the following message.
Figure 4.1
It is not necessary to go into the Simulation Basis environment.
The warning lets you know that some objects will be
recalculated when the case is loaded.
Reading a HYSIM Case
HYSYS presents the functionality to open HYSIM simulations and
to transfer all compatible data into the appropriate HYSYS
environments.
Figure 4.2
Displays files according to the File Path and File Filter selections.
Your selection in this list appears in the File Name cell.
Use the File Filter to display only HYSIM
cases (*.sim) in the property view.
4-4
File Management
4-5
If the Hyprotech file picker radio button is selected in the
Session Preferences property view, then the Open and Close
property view displays the description for any HYSIM case with a
Revision number.
If the value shown in the revision number is less than 10014,
the HYSIM case is not valid for transfer into HYSYS.
To open a HYSIM case:
1. From the File menu in the menu bar, click Open, then click
Case from the submenu, or click the Open Case icon.
Open Case icon
2. On the Open Simulation Case property view, select Hysim
Simulation Cases (*.sim) from the File Filter drop-down
list.
3. Select a directory that contains a HYSIM case in the File Path
group.
4. Select a HYSIM case in the list of cases or type the name of a
case in the File Name input cell.
5. Click the OK button.
6. As HYSYS reads a HYSIM case, the simulation is rebuilt in a
piece-by-piece fashion. If an incompatibility is encountered,
a message is recorded in both the Trace Window and the
Case Description.
At the end of the case recall procedure, HYSYS displays a
summary on the HYSIM Case Reader Summary property
view.
Figure 4.3
The messages are separated into two groups:
•
•
Ops with warnings
Unsupported Ops
4-5
4-6
File
7. You can view a summary list of messages by doing either of
the following:
Refer to Section 1.3 Object Status & Trace
Windows for details on
the Trace Window.
•
•
Scroll through the messages in the Trace Window.
Click the Main Properties command in the Simulation
menu. The Main Properties property view appears. Click
the Status Messages tab.
HYSIM Functionality Not Supported
in HYSYS
HYSYS does not currently support HYSIM functionality, so it is
not possible to transfer all HYSIM information into HYSYS. The
following table lists some of the issues:
Object
Details Not Supported
Calculator
All Programs
Column
Condenser or Reboiler with Side Stripper Draw
Column
Condenser or Reboiler with Pump Around Draw
Column
Reboiler Liquid Draw (other than Bottoms product)
Column
Condenser Side Vapour Draw
Column
Reboiler Water Draw
Column
In AMSIM, tray efficiencies require the input of tray
dimensions on a per tray basis. HYSYS supports only
one diameter, one weir length and one weir height per
Tray Section. In this case, dimensions of the 2nd stage
from the bottom of the HYSIM column are used for the
HYSYS Tray Section.
Liquid Extractor
Pump Arounds
Cyclone
Liquid Streams
Hydrocyclone
Vapour Streams
Rotary Vacuum
Filter
Only Connections are transferred. Other operation
parameters must be specified in HYSYS.
Baghouse Filter
Liquid Streams
Crystallizer Solid
Operation
All
Tee
Energy Stream Attachments
LNG
If the LNG Duty Stream is attached to another
operation in HYSIM, the flowsheet is not complete in
HYSYS.
Plug Flow
Reactor (PFR)
Space Time Option
CSTR
Space Time Option
CSTR
Dead Space Option
4-6
File Management
4-7
Object
Details Not Supported
CSTR
Initialization from Stream
Data Recorder
Records variables while a flowsheet is being converged
when adjusts or recycles are present.
Electrolyte
HYSIM functionality is not supported at all for
simulation cases with Electrolytes OLI property
package.
4.2.2 Saving a Simulation
Case
HYSYS has three different save commands:
Command
Description
Save
Saves the case using the current file name and location.
Save As
With this save command, enter a name and location to save the file.
The Save Simulation Case As property view appears when you select
the Save As command. You are able to select the File Path and a File
Name for the case. HYSYS automatically attaches the default file
extension, *.hsc.
You can also save the entire case as an XML file or an HFL file.
Save All
Use this command to save all currently opened HYSYS cases. You
are asked to select which cases should be saved. You can select
more than one case at a time by holding down the CTRL key then
clicking each case you want to select. Click Save to save the case(s)
as shown in the property view, or Save As to save with a new name
and/or location.
Figure 4.4
4-7
4-8
File
Figure 4.5
4.2.3 File Extensions
The following table contains the file extensions that are available
in HYSYS:
File Extension
Description
*.*
All Files
*.dll
Application Extensions (DLLs)
*.inp
ASPEN to HYSYS
PRO II to HYSYS
*.bk?
Backup Simulation Cases
*.col
Column Templates
*.cml
Component Lists
*.EDF
Extension Definition Files (EDFs)
*.fpk
Fluid Packages
*csv
Historical Data CSV History Files
*.DMP
Historical Data DMP History Files
*.xml
HYCON XML to HYSYS
HYCON TRUNK XML to HYSYS
*.hyp
Hypothetical Groups
*.sim
HYSM Simulation Cases
*.hfl
HYSYS HFL Files
*.hsp
HYSYS HSP Cases
*.hsc
HYSYS Simulation Cases
*.XML
HYSYS XML Cases
*.oil
Oil Assay Files
*.PRF
Preference Files
*.rst
Reaction Sets
*.sch
Schedule Files
*.scp
Script Files
*.tpl
Template Cases
4-8
File Management
File Extension
Description
*.hvv
User Variables
*.WWB
WinWrap Basic
*.wrk
Workbook Files
4-9
4.2.4 Closing a Simulation
Case
Two of the commands under the File menu involve closing your
simulation. To close the simulation use the commands below:
Command
Description
Close Case
Closes the active case. Before closing the case, you are
asked if you want to save the case.
Close All
Allows you to close more than one case at a time. The
name of each opened file appears in the Close Simulation
Cases property view. You select which case(s) you want to
close.
Figure 4.6
4.2.5 Printing
See Section 9.2 Printing in HYSYS for
more information.
HYSYS has the following print commands:
Command
Description
Print
Allows you to print Datasheets for streams and operations.
Print
Snapshot
Prints a bitmap snapshot of what currently appears in the
active HYSYS property view.
Printer Setup
Allows you to select the default printer, print orientation,
and paper size. It is similar to the Printer Setup commands
in other Windows applications.
4-9
4-10
HFL Files
4.2.6 Exiting HYSYS
You can close HYSYS by opening the File menu and clicking the
Exit command.
If you have not saved your case before you select the Exit
command, a warning message appears prompting you to save
the case before exiting the program.
Figure 4.7
•
•
•
If you want to save the case and exit HYSYS, click the
Yes button.
If you do not want to save the case and still exit HYSYS,
click the No button.
If you do not want to exit the HYSYS program, click the
Cancel button to stop the exit command.
4.3 HFL Files
The Object Inspect menu from the PFD contains a Cut/Paste
Objects command. The sub-commands under the Cut/Paste
Objects command allows you to copy, clone, cut, paste, export
(copy to file), and import (copy from file) objects. When these
commands are used, information about the objects is stored in
an HFL file.
•
When the Copy, Cut or Clone command is used, a
temporary HFL file is created in the default temporary
directory. This file gets overwritten each time one of
these commands is used by any copy of HYSYS that is
running. When the paste command is used, this HFL file
is used to import the objects back into HYSYS.
Information can be pasted into a different case or copy of
HYSYS.
4-10
File Management
•
4-11
When the “Copy Object to File” or “Paste Object from
File” command is used, the user can explicitly provide a
name for the HFL file that is used. By default the file is
saved in the HYSYS template directory. You can access
this file from a different case, or send this file to other
HYSYS users.
The HFL files are not full simulation case files, and do not
contain case information on the Databook, strip charts,
utilities, Optimizer, DCS driver, or event scheduler.
HFL files contain information about the objects that have been
copied, so when importing or exporting HFL files, you get all the
information required to restore the objects in a case (including
fluid package information), but not the entire flowsheet or
subflowsheet the object resides in.
HFL files generally contain a piece of a case that has been
copied, and are typically imported into an existing open case.
You can use the Save As command from the File menu to save
an entire case as an HFL file. This options saves you the time
and trouble of selecting every object within the main PFD and
exporting them to an HFL file. For convenience, HYSYS also
allows you to open an HFL file directly rather than importing it
into an existing open case. But in this situation, a blank new
case is created and the HFL file is actually imported into the new
case.
HFL files are a bit more flexible than templates (*.tpl files).
When you create a new template, you have to convert an entire
case into a template and when that template file is read into a
HYSYS case, it always becomes a new subflowsheet. Each time
you convert the case to a template, you gain one level of
flowsheets and there is no way to move objects to different
flowsheets.
The cut/copy/paste commands are easier to use because you
can quickly operate on a selected group of objects only and
paste objects back into any existing flowsheet without always
creating a new subflowsheet.
4-11
4-12
HFL Files
The entire subflowsheet can also be readily copied.
4-12
Basis Environment
5-1
5 Basis Environment
5.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
5.2 Simulation Basis Manager .............................................................. 3
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
Components Tab ...................................................................... 4
Fluid Packages Tab ................................................................... 9
Hypotheticals Tab ................................................................... 13
Oil Manager Tab ..................................................................... 17
Reactions Tab ........................................................................ 18
Component Maps Tab.............................................................. 23
User Property Tab................................................................... 25
5.3 Reaction Package......................................................................... 28
5.4 Component Property View ........................................................... 29
5.4.1 Viewing a Pure Component ...................................................... 30
5.4.2 Defining a Traditional Hypothetical Component ........................... 31
5.4.3 Defining a Solid Hypothetical Component................................... 31
5-1
5-2
Introduction
5.1 Introduction
The Basis environment contains the following environments:
Refer to Chapter 6 - Oil
Characterization
Environment for more
information.
•
•
Simulation Basis environment
Oil Characterization environment
Simulation Basis Environment
When beginning a new simulation case, HYSYS automatically
starts you in the Simulation Basis environment where you can
create, define and modify fluid packages for use by the
simulation flowsheets. In general, a fluid package contains a
minimum of one property package and library and/or
hypothetical components. Fluid packages can also contain
information for reactions and interaction parameters.
Basis icon
You can re-enter the Simulation Basis environment from any
flowsheet by selecting the Enter Basis Environment command
in the Simulation menu, or clicking the Basis icon found in the
toolbar of both the Main and Column environments. For more
information about the Basis environment, refer to the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide.
Basis Menu
The Basis menu appears in the menu bar when you enter the
Basis environment. The options available in this menu appear in
the following figure.
Figure 5.1
5-2
Basis Environment
5-3
5.2 Simulation Basis
Manager
The Simulation Basis Manager property view allows you to
create and manipulate every fluid package in the simulation.
Each flowsheet in HYSYS can have its own fluid package.
The template and column subflowsheets reside inside the Main
Simulation, so these subflowsheets can inherit the fluid package
of the main flowsheet, or you can create an entirely new fluid
package for each subflowsheet.
For each fluid package, you can define the following:
•
•
•
•
Property package
Components
Reactions
User properties
Figure 5.2
5-3
5-4
Simulation Basis Manager
There are common buttons at the bottom of the Simulation
Basis Manager property view.
For more information,
refer to Section 2.2 Petroleum Assay
Manager Property View
in the RefSYS Option
Guide.
Button
Description
Extend
Simulation Basis
Manager
Enables you to access the Petroleum Assay Manager
property view. This button is only available if you have
installed RefSYS.
Enter Simulation
Environment
Enables you to enter the simulation environment of the
HYSYS case.
Refer to Chapter 7 - Simulation Environment for
more information.
5.2.1 Components Tab
See Chapter 1 Components in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for more
information.
The Components tab is where you define the sets of chemical
components used in the simulation. These component sets are
stored in Component Lists and can include library pure
components and/or hypothetical components.
Figure 5.3
The Components tab contains a Master Component List that
cannot be deleted. This master list contains every component
available from “all” component lists.
If you add components to any other component list, they are
automatically added to the Master Component List. Also, if you
delete a component from the master list, it is deleted from all
other component lists using that component.
5-4
Basis Environment
5-5
From this property view, you can do the following to the
component lists:
•
•
•
•
•
•
View
Add
Delete
Copy
Import
Export
Viewing a Component List
When you view a component list, you can add, remove, and sort
the components in a list:
1. From the list of available component lists, select the
component list you want to view/edit.
2. Click the View button. The selected Component List
property view appears.
Adding a Component List
To add a component list, click the Add button. The Component
List property view appears. This property view allows you to add
pure, electrolyte and hypothetical components to the new
component list.
This property view has two tabs: Selected and Component by
Type.
5-5
5-6
Simulation Basis Manager
Selected Tab
This tab allows you to add, remove, sort, and view components
in a component list. This tab also provides a quick method for
creating hypothetical groups and hypothetical components.
Figure 5.4
Adding a Traditional or Electrolyte Component
1. Click the Selected tab in the Component List property view.
2. Double-click the Components branch in the Add Component
tree browser to expand the branch. Two branches appear:
Traditional and Electrolyte.
3. Click the Traditional or the Electrolyte sub-branch. The
available components appear in the Component Library
group.
4. In the Match field, type the name of the component you
want to add to your list. HYSYS filters the list of available
components as you type.
5. In the component list, select the component you want to
add.
5-6
Basis Environment
5-7
6. Click the Add Pure button. The component is moved from
the list of available components to the list of selected
components.
You can also double-click the component name to add it to
the list of selected components.
Adding a Hypothetical Component Group
1. Click the Selected tab in the Component List property view.
2. In the Add Component tree browser, click the Hypothetical
branch. This displays the Hypothetical Components Available
group. You have the option of adding either a group of
hypothetical components or individual hypothetical
components to your case.
3. To add a group of hypothetical components, select the Hypo
Group you want to add from the list of available hypo
groups.
4. Click the Add Group button.
Adding an Individual Hypothetical Component
5. From the Available Hypo Groups list, select the Hypo Group
that contains the hypothetical component you want to add.
6. From the list of Available Hypo Components, select the
hypothetical component you want to add.
7. Click the Add Hypo button.
•
Refer to the Section 5.4 Component Property
View for more information
about defining
hypothetical components.
•
The Quick Create a Hypo Component button opens
the Hypothetical Component property view, which allows
you to quickly create a new hypothetical component.
The Quick Create a Solid Component button opens
the Hypothetical Solid Component property view, which
allows you to quickly create a new hypothetical solid
component.
Adding Other Components
1. Click the Selected tab of the Component List property view.
2. In the Add Component tree browser, select the Other
branch. This displays the Existing Component Lists group.
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5-8
Simulation Basis Manager
3. From the list of available component lists, select the
component list that contains the component you want to
add.
4. From the list of available components, select the component
you want to add to your case.
5. Click the Add button.
Removing Components
To remove a component from the component list:
1. Click the Selected tab of the Component List property view.
2. Select the component you want to delete from the list of
selected components.
3. Click the Remove button.
Component by Type Tab
This tab allows you to filter and view the components in your
component list by type.
Deleting a Component List
1. From the list of available component lists, select the
component list you want to delete.
The Master Component list cannot be deleted.
2. Click the Delete button.
HYSYS does not prompt you to confirm the deletion of your
component list. After the list is deleted, the information
cannot be retrieved.
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Basis Environment
5-9
Copying a Component List
This procedure assumes you are in the main Simulation Basis
Manager property view.
1. From the Component List, select the name component list
you want to copy.
2. Click the Copy button.
Copying a component list creates a new component list with the
exact same properties as the original.
Importing a Component List
1. On the Simulation Basis Manager property view, click the
Import button. The Open File property view appears.
2. Browse to the location of your component list file (*.cml).
3. Select the file you want to import, then click Open.
Exporting a Component List
1. On the Simulation Basis Manager property view, click the
Export button. The Save File property view appears.
2. Specify the name of your component list file and its location.
3. Click Save.
5.2.2 Fluid Packages Tab
See Chapter 2 - Fluid
Package in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for more information.
The fluid package contains all the necessary information for pure
component flash and physical property calculations. This allows
you to define all the required information inside a single entity.
There are four key advantages to using fluid packages:
•
•
•
•
All associated information is defined in a single location
for easy creation and modification.
Fluid packages can be exported and imported as
completely defined packages for use in any simulation.
Fluid packages can be cloned, reducing the time involved
in creating and/or modifying complex fluid packages.
Multiple fluid packages can be used in the same
simulation.
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5-10
Simulation Basis Manager
The Fluid Pkgs tab of the Simulation Basis Manager allows you
to create and manipulate multiple fluid packages.
Figure 5.5
Each fluid package available to your simulation appears in the
Current Fluid Packages group with the following information
displayed:
•
•
•
Name
Number of components attached to the fluid package
Property package attached to the fluid package
5-10
Basis Environment
5-11
Adding a Fluid Package
1. In the Simulation Basis Manager property view, click the
Add button. The Fluid Package Manager appears as shown
below.
Figure 5.6
2. Click the Set Up tab.
3. From the Component List Selection drop-down list, select the
component list you want to use for your fluid package.
4. From the list of available property packages, click the
property package you want to use. If the property package is
one of the following, then additional property package
options appear in the top right corner of the property view:
•
•
•
•
Equation of State (EOS)
Activity Model
Amines package
Electrolyte property package
The rest of the tabs in the Fluid Package Manager property view
are used to modify the fluid package according to your
requirements.
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5-12
Simulation Basis Manager
Editing a Fluid Package
1. From the Current Fluid Packages list, select the fluid package
that you want to edit.
2. Click the View button to display the Fluid Package Manager
property view.
3. Modify any of the parameters that comprise the fluid
package.
Deleting a Fluid Package
1. From the Current Fluid Packages list, select the fluid package
that you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
HYSYS does not prompt you to confirm the deletion of your
fluid package. After the fluid package is deleted, the
information cannot be retrieved.
Copying a Fluid Package
1. From the Current Fluid Packages list, select the fluid package
you want to copy.
2. Click the Copy button.
Copying a fluid package creates a new fluid package with the
exact same properties as the original.
Importing a Fluid Package
1. In the Current Fluid Packages group, click the Import
button. The Open File property view appears.
2. Browse to the location of your fluid package file (*.fpk).
3. Select the file you want to import and click Open.
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Basis Environment
5-13
Exporting a Fluid Package
1. In the Current Fluid Packages group, click the Export
button. The Save File property view appears.
2. Specify the name and location of the fluid package file.
3. Click Save.
Associating a Fluid Package with a
Flowsheet
1. In the Flowsheet-Fluid Pkg Associations group, select the
required flowsheet.
2. Click the corresponding Fluid Pkg To Use cell to open a
drop-down list.
3. From the list, click the fluid package you want to associate
with that flowsheet.
There must be at least one fluid package within a case before
you can assign it to a flowsheet. The Default Fluid Pkg dropdown list specifies which fluid package to use as the default. The
default fluid package is automatically assigned to any new
flowsheets that are created within the case.
5.2.3 Hypotheticals Tab
See Chapter 3 Hypotheticals in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for more
information.
This tab enables you to create non-library or hypothetical
components. Hypothetical components can be any of the
following:
•
•
•
•
Pure components
Defined mixtures
Undefined mixtures
Solids
You can also clone library components into hypothetical
components, which allows you to modify the library values.
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5-14
Simulation Basis Manager
When you click the Hypotheticals tab, the following property
view appears.
Figure 5.7
A broad selection of estimation methods are provided for the
various Hypo groups, ensuring the best representation of the
behaviour of the hypothetical components in the simulation. In
addition, methods are provided for estimating the interaction
binaries between hypotheticals and library components. You can
also use hypotheticals with the Tabular Package and in
reactions.
Hypothetical components are independent of the fluid package,
and when created, they are placed in a Hypo Group. Since
hypothetical components are not exclusive to a particular fluid
package, multiple fluid packages can share hypotheticals. You
can create a hypothetical component or group once and use it in
any fluid package within the case.
Adding a Hypothetical Group
1. Click the Add button. The Hypo Group property view
appears.
2. From the Component Class drop-down list, select the class
for grouping your hypotheticals.
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Basis Environment
5-15
3. Click either the Add Hypo or Add Solid button. Keep
clicking the button until all of the hypothetical components
are added to the group.
4. Enter the information from the following table for each
component so HYSYS can estimate the properties of the
components.
Normal Boiling Point
Minimum Required Information
< 700°F (370°C)
Normal Boiling Point
> 700°F (370°C)
Normal Boiling Point and Liquid Density
Unknown
Molecular Weight and Liquid Density
5. Each component also requires a UNIFAC structure. Click the
UNIFAC button to display the UNIFAC Component Builder
property view.
Deleting a Hypothetical Component
1. From the list of available hypothetical components, select
the component you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
HYSYS does not prompt you to confirm the deletion of your
hypothetical component. After the component is deleted, the
information cannot be retrieved.
Cloning Library Components
Use this procedure to clone a library component into a
hypothetical component.
1. In the Hypo Group property view, click the Clone Library
Comps button. The Convert Library Comps to Hypothetical
Comps property view appears.
2. The Source Components group has two lists. From the list of
available component lists, select the component list that
contains the component you want to clone.
Select more than one component by holding down the CTRL
key and clicking each component you want to select.
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5-16
Simulation Basis Manager
3. From the lists of available library components, select the
component you want to clone.
4. In the Hypo Groups group, select the target hypo group for
your new hypothetical component.
5. Click the Convert to Hypo(s) button. This clones the
selected component(s).
Editing a Hypothetical Group
1. From the list of available hypothetical groups, select the
hypothetical group you want to edit.
2. Click the View button to display the Hypo Group property
view.
3. From here you can add and remove hypothetical
components, change the component class, clone library
components and change estimation methods.
You can also access the Hypo Group property view by selecting a
hypothetical component from the Hypothetical Quick Reference
table and clicking the View Hypo button. The information that
appears corresponds to the hypo group the hypothetical
component is associated with.
Deleting a Hypothetical Group
1. From the list of available hypothetical groups, select the
hypothetical group you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
HYSYS does not prompt you to confirm the deletion. After
the hypothetical group is deleted, the information cannot be
retrieved.
Importing a Hypothetical Group
1. Click the Import button. The Open File property view
appears.
2. Browse to the location of your hypothetical group file
(*.hyp).
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Basis Environment
5-17
3. Select the file you want to import, then click the Open
button.
Exporting a Hypothetical Group
1. Click the Export button. The Save File property view
appears.
2. Specify a name for your hypothetical group file and the
location of your file.
3. Click Save.
5.2.4 Oil Manager Tab
See Chapter 4 - HYSYS
Oil Manager in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for more
information.
The Oil Characterization environment is where the
characteristics of a petroleum fluid can be represented by using
discrete hypothetical components. Physical, critical,
thermodynamic and transport properties are determined for
each hypothetical component using correlations that you select.
The fully defined hypocomponent can then be installed in a
stream and used in any flowsheet.
To use the Oil Characterization environment, at least one fluid
package must exist in the case. Any hypothetical components
must be compatible with the property method used by the fluid
package.
HYSYS defines the hypocomponent by using assay data you
provide. The following are features exclusive to the oil
environment:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Providing laboratory assay data
Cutting a single assay
Blending multiple assays
Assigning a user property to hypocomponents
Selecting correlation sets to determine properties
Installing hypocomponents into a stream
Viewing tables and plots for your input and for the
characterized fluid
5-17
5-18
Simulation Basis Manager
Figure 5.8
5.2.5 Reactions Tab
See Chapter 5 Reactions in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for more information.
For more information,
refer to the HYSYS OLI
Interface Reference
Guide.
The Reactions Tab in the Simulation Basis Manager allows you to
define reactions within HYSYS. You can define an unlimited
number of reactions and group these reactions in reaction sets.
The reaction sets are then attached to unit operations in the
flowsheet.
Any ReactionSet and Reaction in the Reaction Manager bank
cannot be attached to any unit operation in an electrolyte
flowsheet (reactor unit operations are disabled).
The electrolytes thermo calculation conducts a reactive and
phase flash at the same time. Therefore, adding any external
reactions to a unit operation is not yet allowed in HYSYS for
electrolyte simulation.
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Basis Environment
5-19
The Reaction tab appears as shown in the following figure.
Figure 5.9
Use the Reaction Manager to do the following:
•
•
•
•
Create a new list of components for the reactions or use
the components associated with a fluid package.
Add, Edit, Copy or Delete reactions and reaction sets.
Attach reactions to various reaction sets, or attach
reaction sets to multiple fluid packages.
Import and Export reaction sets.
Adding a Reaction
1. Click the Add Rxn button. The Reactions property view
appears.
2. Select the type of reaction that you want to use.
3. Click the Add Reaction button. The Reaction Property
property view appears; in this property view, you can define
the following:
• Stoichiometry
• Conversion basis
• Equilibrium constant
• Other properties
4. Click the Stoichiometry tab.
5. Click the field that displays **Add Comp**. Select the
component you want to use for the reaction from the dropdown list.
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5-20
Simulation Basis Manager
6. Repeat the previous step until all of the required components
are added to the table.
7. In the Stoich Coeff column, enter a stoichiometric coefficient
for each component. This value must be negative for a
reactant and positive for a product.
8. Specify the coefficient for an inert component as 0 (which for
the Conversion reaction is the same as not including the
component in the table). Fractional coefficients are
acceptable.
Editing a Reaction
1. From the list of available reactions, select the reaction you
want to edit.
2. Click the View Rxn button. The Reaction Property property
view appears. In this property view, you can modify the
following:
•
•
•
•
Stoichiometry
Conversion basis
Equilibrium constant
Other properties
Deleting a Reaction
1. From the list of available reactions, select the reaction you
want to delete.
2. Click the Delete Rxn button. HYSYS prompts you to confirm
the deletion.
Copying a Reaction
1. From the list of available reactions, select the reaction you
want to copy.
2. Click the Copy Rxn button. The Copy Reactions property
view appears.
3. Select the reaction you want to copy from the list of
reactions.
4. Use the radio buttons in the New Reaction Type group to
select the reaction type for the reaction copy.
5. Click the Copy Reaction button.
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Basis Environment
5-21
Adding a Reaction Set
1. Click the Add Set button. The Reaction Set property view
appears.
2. In the Active List column, click the <empty> cell and use
the drop-down list to select the reaction you want to add to
the set.
3. In the Inactive List column, click the <empty> cell and
use the drop-down list to select the reaction you want to add
to the set. This reaction remains inactive, but it is included in
the set.
4. From the Solver Method drop-down list, select the reaction
solver method you want to use.
Available reaction solver methods:
•
•
•
•
Newton's Method
Rate Iterated
Rate Integrated
Auto Select
5. Add any of the available reactions to the set (as long as they
are the same type). A single reaction can be added to as
many sets as necessary.
Editing a Reaction Set
1. From the list of available reaction sets, select the reaction
set you want to edit.
2. Click the View Set button. The Reaction Set property view
appears. In this property view, you can do the following:
•
•
•
Add and remove reactions in the reaction set.
Modify the solver method.
Activate and inactivate reactions already in the set.
Deleting a Reaction Set
1. From the list of available reaction sets, select the reaction
set you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button. HYSYS prompts you to confirm the
deletion of the reaction set.
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5-22
Simulation Basis Manager
Copying a Reaction Set
1. From the list of available reaction sets, select the reaction
set you want to copy.
2. Click the Copy button.
Copying a reaction set creates a new reaction set with the exact
same properties as the original.
Importing a Reaction Set
1. Click the Import Set button. The Open File property view
appears.
2. Browse to the location of your reaction sets file (*.rst).
3. Select the file you want to import, then click Open.
Exporting a Reaction Set
1. Click the Export Set button. The Save File property view
appears.
2. Specify the name and location of your reaction set file.
3. Click Save.
Adding a Reaction Set to a Fluid
Package
After creating reactions and reaction sets, you can associate the
set(s) with a fluid package.
1. Click the Add to FP button. The Add Reaction Set property
view appears.
2. From the list of available fluid packages, select the fluid
package to which you want to add a reaction set.
3. Click the Add Set to Fluid Package button.
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Basis Environment
5-23
5.2.6 Component Maps Tab
See Chapter 6 Component Maps in the
HYSYS Simulation
Basis guide for additional
information.
The Component Maps tab allows you to map fluid component
composition across fluid package boundaries. Composition
values for individual components from one fluid package can be
mapped to a different component in an alternate fluid package.
This is useful when dealing with hypothetical oil components.
Figure 5.10
Two previously defined fluid packages are required to perform a
component mapping. One fluid package becomes the target
component set and the other becomes the source component
set. Mapping is performed using a matrix of source and target
components. The transfer basis can be performed on a mole,
mass or liquid volume basis.
Adding a Collection
1. In the Component Mapping group, select the fluid packages
you want to map.
2. After two distinct fluid packages are selected, click the
Create Collection button to add a new collection to the
Collections table.
The table lists the following information:
•
•
•
The fluid package where the components came from
The fluid package where the components are going
The collection name (can be edited at any time)
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Simulation Basis Manager
Adding a Component Map
1. From the Collection drop-down list in the Maps for Collection
group, select the collection for which you want to map
components.
2. Click the Add button. The Component Map property view
appears.
3. In the component matrix, map all specifiable components
(values in red text). All source components appear in
columns and all target components appear in rows.
4. In the Transfer Basis group, select the basis of the
component transfer by selecting the Mole, Mass, or
Volume radio button.
Editing a Component Map
1. From the Collection drop-down list in the Maps for Collection
group, select the required collection.
2. From the list of available component maps, select the
component map you want to edit.
3. Click the Edit button. The Component Map property view
appears. In this property view, you can modify the
parameters for the map.
Deleting a Component Map
1. From the Collection drop-down list in the Maps for Collection
group, select the collection for which you want to delete
components.
2. From the list of available component maps, select the
component map you want to delete.
3. Click the Delete button.
You are not prompted to confirm the deletion, so ensure you
have selected the correct component map before deleting.
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Basis Environment
5-25
5.2.7 User Property Tab
See Chapter 7 - User
Properties in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for more information.
Use the User Property tab to create an unlimited number of user
properties for use in the Simulation environment.
Figure 5.11
You can also create user properties in the Oil
Characterization environment. See Section 6.2.4 - User
Property Tab for more information.
User properties are any property that can be defined and
calculated on the basis of composition. You supply a user
property value for each component in a fluid package, then
select the mixing basis and mixing equation to calculate the
total user property.
When a user property is defined, HYSYS calculates the value of
the property for any stream through the user property utility.
User properties can also be set as Column specifications.
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5-26
Simulation Basis Manager
Adding a User Property
1. Click the Add button. The User Property property view
appears.
2. Click the Data tab.
Figure 5.12
3. In the Mixing Basis field, use the drop-down list i to select
the basis for mixing.
Refer to the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for more information
regarding the mixing
rules.
4. In the Mixing Rule field, use the drop-down list to specify
the mixing rule to use with for your user property.
5. Specify values for the mixing rule parameters F1 and F2 to
accurately reflect your property formula. By default these
parameters have a value of 1.00.
6. Select a unit from the Unit Type drop-down list for the user
property value. If the unit type is Temperature, the internal
unit used is degrees Kelvin. This is important when
calculating the mixed value for a stream.
7. Specify a lower and upper limit for your user property in the
Lower Limit Value and Upper Limit Value cells.
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Basis Environment
5-27
The property parameters determine how the user property is
calculated in all streams. Whenever the value of a user property
is requested by the User Property utility or by the Column,
HYSYS uses the composition in the specified basis and calculates
the user property value using the mixing rules and parameters
that you set.
Editing a User Property
1. From the list of available user properties, select the user
property that you want to edit.
2. Click the View button. The User Property property view
appears.
In this property view, you can edit all of the parameters that
define the user property.
Deleting a User Property
1. From the list of available user properties, select the user
property that you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You are not prompted to confirm the deletion of your user
property, so ensure you are deleting the correct one. After a
user property is deleted, it cannot be retrieved.
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Reaction Package
5.3 Reaction Package
Refer to Section 5.2.5 Reactions Tab and
Chapter 5 - Reactions
in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for more information
about reactions and
reaction sets.
From the Basis menu, select Reaction Package to open the
Reaction Package property view. Use this property view to
create, copy and edit both reactions and reaction sets. You can
attach reactions to a reaction set and make a Reaction Set
available to unit operations within the current case.
Figure 5.13
The reactions in the Current
Reaction Sets group are
available to all the unit
operations in the current case.
Attached reactions for
the selected reaction
set.
Clicking this
button creates a
new reaction
set.
Click this button
to add a new
reaction.
Double-click on
the selected
reaction to open
its property view.
Click this button to
make a copy of the
selected reaction.
The Reaction Package property view eliminates the need to
return to the Reaction tab of the Simulation Basis Manager when
defining reactions and reaction sets. The only task when
defining reactions that must be done in the Simulation Basis
Manager is the selection of components.
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Basis Environment
5-29
5.4 Component Property
View
The Component property view enables you to view and edit the
properties of a component. The two types of property views are
the traditional component property view and solid component
property view.
Refer to Chapter 1 Components in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for more
information.
You can access both types of property views from the
Component List property view. You can also access the property
view for hypothetical and solid hypothetical components from
the Hypo Group property view.
Refer to the following figure to see how both the Traditional and
Solid pure component property views appear.
Figure 5.14
Both of these property views contain five tabs and the
information is colour coded according to the type of information
being displayed. The following table explains the color coding.
Colour
Information description
Red
Values estimated by HYSYS.
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5-30
Component Property View
Colour
Information description
Blue
User defined values.
Black
Calculated values or information that you cannot
modify.
You can supply values for any of the component properties, or
overwrite values estimated by HYSYS. If you change a specified
value, all properties previously estimated using that
specification are removed.
5.4.1 Viewing a Pure
Component
Use this procedure to view the properties of a pure component
found in a component list.
1. Select the pure component you want to view from the list of
available components.
2. Click the View Component button. The Component
property view appears for the selected component.
Accessing a Hypothetical
Component Property View
You can access the Hypothetical Component property view using
the following methods:
•
•
•
In the Component List property view, select the
component from the list of selected components and click
the View Component button.
On the Hypotheticals tab of the Simulation Basis
Manager, select the component from the Hypothetical
Quick Reference table and click the View Hypo button.
In the Hypo Group property view, select the component
from the list of available components and click the View
button.
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Basis Environment
5-31
5.4.2 Defining a Traditional
Hypothetical Component
Refer to the sections
Adding a Hypothetical
Component Group and
Adding a Hypothetical
Group for more
information.
1. Open the component property view, or create a new
hypothetical component.
2. Click the ID tab.
3. Click the Structure Builder button. The UNIFAC Component
Builder property view appears.
4. From the list of available UNIFAC groups, select the subgroup you want to add to your structure.
5. Click the Add Groups button.
6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 until you have the structure you want
and there are no free bonds.
7. Close the UNIFAC Component Builder property view.
8. Click the Critical tab.
9. Enter the information from the following table so HYSYS can
estimate the properties of your component.
Normal Boiling Point
Minimum Required Information
< 700°F (370°C)
Normal Boiling Point
> 700°F (370°C)
Normal Boiling Point and Liquid Density
Unknown
Molecular Weight and Liquid Density
10. After entering the values, click the Estimate Unknown
Props button to calculate the other properties.
5.4.3 Defining a Solid
Hypothetical Component
Refer to the sections
Adding a Hypothetical
Component Group and
Adding a Hypothetical
Group for more
information.
1. Open the component property view, or create a new
hypothetical component.
2. Click the Critical tab.
3. Enter both the molecular weight and density (at minimum).
4. Click the Estimate Unknown Props button to calculate the
other properties.
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Component Property View
5-32
Oil Characterization Environment 6-1
6 Oil Characterization
Environment
6.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
6.2 Oil Characterization Manager ......................................................... 3
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
Oil Output Settings Property View............................................... 3
Assay Tab................................................................................ 5
Cut/Blend Tab .......................................................................... 8
User Property Tab................................................................... 10
Correlation Tab ...................................................................... 13
Install Oil Tab ........................................................................ 16
6-1
6-2
Introduction
6.1 Introduction
Refer to Chapter 4 HYSYS Oil Manager in
the HYSYS Simulation
Basis guide for additional
information.
The Oil Characterization environment enables you to
characterize petroleum fluids by creating and defining Assays
and Blends. The oil characterization procedure generates
petroleum hypocomponents for use in your fluid package(s).
The Oil Characterization environment is accessible only through
the Simulation Basis environment.
To enter the Oil Characterization environment, at least one
fluid package must exist in the case and any hypothetical
components must be compatible with the property method
used by the fluid package.
The Desktop for the Oil Characterization environment is similar
to the Desktop in the Simulation Basis environment. Icons
specific to generating oils appear and the Oil Characterization
Manager is the Home View.
Accessing the Oil Characterization
Environment
Oil Environment icon
To enter the Oil Characterization environment, click the Oil
Environment icon or the Enter Oil Environment button found in
the Oil Manager tab of the Simulation Basis Manager.
6-2
Oil Characterization Environment 6-3
6.2 Oil Characterization
Manager
The Oil Characterization Manager contains five tabs and four
buttons. The buttons are as follows:
•
•
•
•
Clear All. Click to clear all the information entered or
imported in the Oil environment.
Calculate All. Click to calculate all unknown variables.
This button is only effective if you supply enough
information about the hypocomponents.
Oil Output Settings. Click to open the Oil Output
Settings property view.
Return to Basis Environment. Click to return to
Simulation Basis environment.
6.2.1 Oil Output Settings
Property View
To access this property view, click the Oil Output Settings button
on the Oil Characterization property view.
Refer to Chapter 14 Utilities in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
more information about
the BP Curves utility.
During the characterization of an oil or the calculation of boiling
ranges for a fluid in the BP Curves utility, the initial boiling point
(IBP) and final boiling point (FBP) cut point values can have a
significant effect on the outer limits of the boiling range. During
the laboratory analysis of a petroleum fluid’s boiling point
regions, the most difficult to measure are the end regions.
HYSYS uses the defaults of 1% and 98% for the IBP and FBP.
With a 1% IBP value, HYSYS uses the boiling points of all
components in the first volume percent of the given fluid and
calculates a weighted average boiling point that is used as the
IBP for any further analysis.
The final boiling point is determined similarly, using the
weighted average of the boiling points for the components found
in the final two liquid volume percents of the fluid.
6-3
6-4
Oil Characterization Manager
Figure 6.1
These IBP and FBP values can be modified in this property view.
In the IBP cut point and FBP cut point fields, enter the values
you want to use for calculating your BP curve.
Refer to the following table for a description of the values.
Field
Description
IBP cut point
Specify a value from 0% to 5%.
FBP cut point
Specify a value from 90% to 100%.
Basis for IBP &
FBP
Using the drop-down list, select the basis for your
boiling points. You have three choices: Liquid
Volume%, Mass% and Mole%.
You can also specify the Interconversion method used for the
ASTM D86 interconversion and ASTM D2887 interconversion.
Select the method you want to use.
For the ASTM D86 Interconversion Method, the following options
are available:
•
•
•
•
API 1974
API 1987
API 1994
Edmister-Okamoto 1959
For the ASTM D2887 Interconversion Method, the following
options are available:
•
•
•
API 1987
API 1994 Indirect
API 1994 Direct
6-4
Oil Characterization Environment 6-5
6.2.2 Assay Tab
See Section 4.5 Characterizing Assays
in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for additional
information.
The Assay tab allows you to manage the oil assays in your case.
Use this tab to add new assays and modify existing ones. You
can also import assays from other cases or export them for use
with another case. The Description field lets you add notes for
individual assays.
Figure 6.2
The minimum amount of information required to characterize a
petroleum fluid is either a laboratory distillation curve or two of
the following three bulk properties:
•
•
•
Molecular Weight
Density
Watson UOP K factor
The more information you supply, the better the results will be
for your oil characterization.
All physical and critical properties are generated from an
internally generated TBP curve at atmospheric conditions.
Regardless of the assay data provided, HYSYS converts it to an
internal TBP curve for the characterization procedure. This
internal TBP curve is not stored with the assay.
Refer to Section 12.8 Oil Input Tab for more
information.
Click the Oil Input Preferences button to change the default oil
preferences.
6-5
6-6
Oil Characterization Manager
Adding an Assay
1. In the Oil Characterization property view, click the Add
button. The Assay property view appears.
2. Click the Input Data tab.
3. In the Assay Definition group, use the Bulk Properties dropdown list to specify if you are supplying bulk properties.
Select either Not Used or Used.
4. From the Assay Data type drop-down list, select an assay
data type option.
5. Depending on the assay data type selected, supply
information for the following:
Assay Data Type
options
• Light Ends curve
• Molecular Weight curve
• Density curve
• Viscosity curves
• Distillation conditions
6. Each definition requires you to provide data in the Input
Data group. Click the required radio button and either enter
the data directly into the table or click the Edit Assay radio
button.
7. Click the Light Ends Handling & Bulk Fitting Options
button to specify if a given curve contains light-ends
contributions. Also, specify whether the specified bulk
properties contains light-ends and partition a property curve,
so that some sections can be adjusted more than others.
Editing an Assay
1. From the list of available assays, select the assay you want
to edit.
2. Click the View button. The Assay property view appears.
3. Click the Input Data tab, then modify the assay data.
4. Click the Calculation Defaults tab, then modify how the
hypocomponents are calculated.
6-6
Oil Characterization Environment 6-7
Deleting an Assay
1. From the list of available assays, click the assay you want to
delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of an assay,
however, assays being used by a blend will not be deleted.
Cloning an Assay
1. From the list of available assays, select the assay you want
to clone.
2. Click the Clone button. Cloning creates a new assay with the
exact same properties as the original.
Importing an Assay
1. Click the Import button. The Open File property view
appears.
2. Browse to the location of your assay file (*.oil).
3. Select the file you want to import and click Open. The new
assay appears in the list of available assays.
Exporting an Assay
1. Click the Export button. The Save File property view
appears.
2. Specify a name and location for your assay file.
3. Click Save.
6-7
6-8
Oil Characterization Manager
6.2.3 Cut/Blend Tab
See Section 4.6 Hypocomponent
Generation in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for additional information.
The Cut/Blend tab allows you to manage the hypocomponents in
a case.
Figure 6.3
The Cut/Blend tab allows you to do the following:
•
•
•
•
Add new blends
Modify existing blends
Clone existing blends
Provide descriptions for individual blends so others can
easily access the information.
The Cut/Blend characterization splits internal working curves for
one or more assays into hypocomponents.
For more information, refer
to Chapter 4 - HYSYS Oil
Manager in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide.
To modify the graph labels in a Blend plot, click the Clone
button. HYSYS generates a copy of the existing selected plot.
The cloned plot is independent, and its labels can be
modified and are not overwritten.
Adding a Blend
1. Click the Add button. The Blend property view appears.
2. Click the Data tab.
6-8
Oil Characterization Environment 6-9
3. From the list of available assays, select the assay you want
use for the blend.
4. Click the Add button. The assay is moved from the list of
available assays to the Oil Flow Information table.
5. In the Oil Flow table, specify the flow units for the oil as
either Liquid Volume, Molar, or Mass.
6. Specify the flow rate of the oil.
7. From the Cut Option Selection drop-down list, select one of
the following cut options:
•
•
•
Auto Cut
User Ranges
User Points
There is no limit for the number of assays that can be included
in a single blend or the number of blends that can contain a
given assay. Each blend is treated as a single oil and does not
share hypocomponents with other blends or oils.
The Bulk Data button is available when more than one assay is
present in the Oil Flow Information table. Clicking this button
opens the Bulk Values property view, where you can provide the
following bulk data for a blend:
•
•
•
•
Molecular Weight
Mass Density
Watson (UOP) K
Viscosities at two temperatures.
The Bulk Data feature is useful for supplying the bulk viscosities
of the blend if they are known.
Editing a Blend
1. From the list of available blends, select the blend you want
to edit.
2. Click the View button. The Blend property view appears.
3. Click the Data tab, then modify the data for the blend.
6-9
6-10
Oil Characterization Manager
Deleting a Blend
1. From the list of available blends, click the blend you want to
delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
HYSYS will not prompt you to confirm the deletion of a blend,
so ensure you have selected the correct blend before
deleting.
Cloning a Blend
1. From the list of available blends, select the blend you want
to clone.
2. Click the Clone button. Cloning a blend creates a new blend
with the exact same properties as the original.
6.2.4 User Property Tab
Refer to Section 4.7 User Property in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for additional
information.
The User Property tab allows you to create an unlimited number
of user properties for use in the Simulation environment. You
can only create user properties in the Basis environment.
Figure 6.4
6-10
Oil Characterization Environment 6-11
A user property is any property that can be defined and
calculated on the basis of composition. Examples for oils
include RON and Sulfur content.
During the characterization process, all hypocomponents are
assigned an appropriate property value. The value of the
property for any flowsheet stream is then calculated. This
enables user properties to be used as Column specifications.
Adding a User Property
1. Click the Add button. The User Property property view
appears.
2. Click the Data tab.
3. Use the drop-down list in the Mixing Basis field to select
the basis for mixing.
4. Use the drop-down list in the Mixing Rule field to specify
the mixing rule to use with your user property.
5. Specify values for the mixing rule parameters F1 and F2. By
default these parameters have a value of 1.00.
6. Select a unit from the Unit Type drop-down list for the user
property value. If the unit type is Temperature, the internal
unit used is degrees Kelvin. This is important when
calculating the mixed value for a stream.
7. Specify a lower and upper limit for your user property in the
Lower Limit Value and Upper Limit Value cells.
The choice of Mixing Basis applies only to the basis that is used
for calculating the property in a stream. You supply the property
curve information on the same basis as the Boiling Point Curve
for your assay.
The values you provide for the light end components are used
when calculating the property value for each hypocomponent
(removing that portion of the property curve attributable to the
light ends components).
This is not the property curve information. These values
determine how the user property is calculated in all flowsheet
streams. When the value of a user property is requested for a
6-11
6-12
Oil Characterization Manager
stream, the composition in the specified basis is used and the
property value is calculated using your mixing rule and
parameters.
Editing a User Property
1. From the list of available user properties, click the user
property you want to edit.
2. Click the View button. The User Property property view
appears.
3. Click the Data tab and modify the data for the user property.
Deleting a User Property
1. From the list of available user properties, click the user
property you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of a user
property, so ensure you have selected the correct one before
deleting.
Cloning a User Property
1. From the list of available user properties, select the user
property you want to copy.
2. Click the Clone button. Cloning a user property creates a
new user property with the exact same properties as the
original.
6-12
Oil Characterization Environment 6-13
6.2.5 Correlation Tab
See Section 4.8.1 Correlation Tab in the
HYSYS Simulation
Basis guide for more
information.
This tab allows you to manage the correlations in a case. Use
this tab to add new correlation sets and modify existing sets.
Figure 6.5
You cannot change the correlations or ranges for the Default
correlation set. If you want to specify different correlations or
temperature ranges, create a new correlation set.
Adding a Correlation Set
1. Click the Add button. The Correlation Set property view
appears.
2. Click the Options tab and use the drop-down list in the MW
column to specify the correlation you want to use.
3. Repeat step 2 for each of the columns in the table: SG, Tc,
Pc, Acc. Factor and Ideal H.
Property correlations can be changed for the entire range or
they can be made valid for only certain boiling point ranges.
4. To divide correlations over several boiling ranges, click the
Add New Range button. The Add Temperature Range
property view appears.
5. In the New Temp field, enter the temperature at which you
want to split the range.
6-13
6-14
Oil Characterization Manager
6. Click the Split Range button and specify correlations in
these two ranges. You can add as many temperature splits
as required.
7. In the Assay and Blend Association group, select the New
Assays/Blends checkbox to add all new assays and blends
that were created using this correlation set.
8. Select the Available Assays radio button.
9. In the Assay/Blend table, select the Use this Set checkbox
to use all the assays in this correlation set.
10. Select the Available Blends radio button.
11. In the Assay/Blend table, select the Use this Set checkbox
to use all the blends in this correlation set.
Changes to the Molecular Weight or Specific Gravity correlations
are applied to the assay curve, while the critical temperature,
critical pressure, acentric factor and heat capacity correlations
are applied to the blend’s hypocomponent properties.
Changes to the assay correlations have no effect when you
supply a property curve (for example, Molecular Weight). The
changes only apply when properties are being estimated.
Removing a Split
1. Click the Remove Range button. The Remove property view
appears.
2. From the list of available splits, select the split you want to
remove.
3. Click the Merge Temp Range button. When you merge a
range, you delete the correlations for the range with a Low
End Temperature that is equal to the range temperature you
are merging.
Changes to the correlations for an input assay results in the
recalculation of that assay followed by the recalculation of any
blend that uses it. Existing oil is automatically recalculated/recut using the new correlations and components installed in the
flowsheet.
6-14
Oil Characterization Environment 6-15
Editing a Correlation Set
1. From the list of available correlation sets, click the
correlation set you want to edit.
2. Click the View button. The Correlation Set property view
appears.
3. Click the Options tab and modify the data that makes up
the correlation set.
Deleting a Correlation Set
1. From the list of available correlation sets, click the
correlation set you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of a
correlation set, so ensure the correct correlation set is
selected before deleting.
Cloning a Correlation Set
1. From the list of available correlation sets, select the
correlation set you want to copy.
2. Click the Clone button. Cloning a correlation set creates a
new correlation set with the exact same properties as the
original.
6-15
6-16
Oil Characterization Manager
6.2.6 Install Oil Tab
See Section 4.8.3 Install Oil Tab in the
HYSYS Simulation Basis
guide for more
information.
Use this table to install an oil blend into a flowsheet.
1. Select the Install checkbox.
2. In the Stream Name column, type a stream name for that
blend. You can use an existing stream name or provide a
new one. If you do not provide a name, the hypocomponents
are not attached to the fluid package.
3. Use the drop-down list in the Flow Sheet column to specify
for which flowsheet you want to install the stream containing
the hypocomponents.
Figure 6.6
6-16
Simulation Environment
7-1
7 Simulation
Environment
7.1 Introduction................................................................................... 4
7.2 Main Properties.............................................................................. 5
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.2.5
7.2.6
7.2.7
Status Message Tab .................................................................. 6
Calculation Levels Tab ............................................................... 7
Notes Tab................................................................................ 7
WebModels Tab ........................................................................ 8
PV Balance Tab ........................................................................ 8
Lock Tab ................................................................................. 9
Converting a Case to a Template ................................................ 9
7.3 HYSYS XML .................................................................................. 10
7.4 HYSYS Support for Aspen WebModels .......................................... 13
7.4.1 Creating a HYSYS WebModel File .............................................. 13
7.4.2 Exporting the WebModels as an XML File ................................... 18
7.4.3 Publishing a WebModel............................................................ 19
7.5 Optimizer ..................................................................................... 19
7.6 Event Scheduler ........................................................................... 20
7.6.1 Adding a Schedule.................................................................. 21
7.6.2 Adding a Sequence................................................................. 22
7.6.3 Adding an Event..................................................................... 22
7.6.4 Editing a Sequence................................................................. 25
7.6.5 Editing an Event..................................................................... 26
7.6.6 Deleting a Schedule................................................................ 26
7.6.7 Deleting a Sequence............................................................... 27
7.6.8 Deleting an Event................................................................... 27
7.6.9 Copying a Schedule ................................................................ 28
7.6.10 Copying a Sequence ............................................................. 29
7-1
7-2
Simulation Environment
7.6.11
7.6.12
7.6.13
7.6.14
7.6.15
7.6.16
7.6.17
7.6.18
Copying an Event ..................................................................29
Importing a Schedule ............................................................30
Importing a Sequence............................................................31
Exporting a Schedule .............................................................31
Exporting a Sequence ............................................................32
Sorting a Schedule ................................................................33
Sorting a Sequence ...............................................................34
Sorting an Event ...................................................................35
7.7 Integrator.....................................................................................36
7.7.1 Integration Time Group............................................................37
7.7.2 Integration Step Size Group .....................................................38
7.8 Simultaneous Adjust Manager ......................................................38
7.9 Dynamic/Steady State Modes .......................................................39
7.10 Solver Active/Holding.................................................................40
7.11 Integrator Active/Holding ..........................................................41
7.12 Equation Summary .....................................................................41
7.13 Enter Basis Environment.............................................................42
7.14 User Variables ............................................................................42
7.14.1 Adding a User Variable ...........................................................45
7.14.2 Editing a User Variable ...........................................................45
7.14.3 Deleting a User Variable .........................................................45
7.15 Importing & Exporting User Variables ........................................46
7.15.1 Importing User Variables ........................................................46
7.15.2 Exporting User Variables ........................................................47
7.16 Oil Output Settings .....................................................................47
7.17 Object Navigator.........................................................................47
7.17.1 Locating an Object ................................................................49
7.18 Simulation Navigator ..................................................................50
7.18.1 Viewing an Object .................................................................52
7-2
7-3
Simulation Environment
7.19 Notes Manager............................................................................52
7.20 Optimization Objects ..................................................................54
7.20.1 Adding an Optimization Object ................................................54
7.20.2 Editing an Optimization Object ................................................55
7.20.3 Deleting an Optimization Object ..............................................56
7.21 Reaction Package .......................................................................56
7.22 Fluid Package/Dynamics Model ..................................................57
7.23 Workbook ...................................................................................58
7.23.1
7.23.2
7.23.3
7.23.4
7.23.5
7.23.6
7.23.7
Opening a Workbook..............................................................59
Installing Streams or Operations .............................................61
Deleting Streams or Operations...............................................62
Accessing Streams or Operations.............................................63
Managing Workbook Tabs .......................................................66
Sorting Information ...............................................................70
Exporting/Importing Workbook Tabs ........................................72
7.24 PFD .............................................................................................74
7.24.1 Custom PFD Notebook ...........................................................75
7.24.2 Locating Objects in PFD..........................................................78
7.24.3 Flowsheet Analysis Using the PFD ............................................78
7.24.4 Access Column or Subflowsheet PFDs.......................................81
7.24.5 Opening Controller Face Plates ................................................82
7.24.6 PFD Colour Schemes..............................................................83
7.24.7 Column Tray Section Display ...................................................87
7.24.8 PFD Tables ...........................................................................88
7.24.9 Multi-Pane PFDs ....................................................................93
7.24.10 Exchanging XML Files ...........................................................95
7.25 Column .......................................................................................96
7.26 Utilities .......................................................................................96
7.26.1 Adding Utilities......................................................................96
7.26.2 Viewing Utilities ....................................................................98
7.26.3 Deleting Utilities....................................................................99
7-3
7-4
Introduction
7.1 Introduction
The Simulation environment contains the main flowsheet where
you do the majority of your work (installing and defining
streams, unit operations, columns and subflowsheets).
Before entering the Simulation environment, you must have
a fluid package with selected components in the component
list and a property package.
If you do not have the above requirements, you cannot enter
the Simulation environment.
This flowsheet serves as the base level or “main” flowsheet for
the whole simulation case. Any number of subflowsheets can be
generated from the main flowsheet, but there is only one main
flowsheet environment. Each individual subflowsheet that is
installed has its own corresponding subflowsheet environment.
To enter the Simulation environment, click either the Enter
Simulation Environment button or Return to Simulation
Environment button in the Basis environment.
7-4
Simulation Environment
7-5
7.2 Main Properties
To access the Simulation Case property view, do one of the
following:
•
•
Select Main Properties command from the Simulation
menu.
Press CTRL M hot key combination.
The Simulation Case property view appears as shown below:
Figure 7.1
For the Simulation Case property view of a subflowsheet
environment, an extra button called Main Environment
appears at the bottom right corner of the property view. This
button enables you to return to the main environment.
7-5
7-6
Main Properties
7.2.1 Status Message Tab
The Status Message tab allows you to view any errors or
warnings in your case, name the flowsheet, and provide a tag
for it.
Figure 7.2
•
•
To name the flowsheet, click the Name field and type a
name for the flowsheet. The default name is Case.
To add a tag to the flowsheet, click the Tag field and type
a tag for your flowsheet. The default tag for the main
flowsheet is Main.
The Object Status group displays the current status messages
for all objects in the flowsheet according to the minimum
severity. In the Minimum Severity drop-down list, click one of
the following options:
•
•
•
•
•
OK. Sets the minimum severity at OK.
Optional Info. Sets the minimum severity at Optional
Info.
Warning. Sets the minimum severity at Warning.
Required Info. Sets the minimum severity at Required
Info.
**Error**. Sets the minimum severity at **Error**.
7-6
Simulation Environment
7-7
7.2.2 Calculation Levels Tab
The Calc Levels tab controls the order in which streams,
operations, and flowsheets are calculated.
Figure 7.3
You can ignore a certain
stream or operation in a
case by clearing its
checkbox.
Clicking the Reset button
returns all Calculation
Levels to their default
values.
Use this procedure to change the calculation order/sequence of
a separator in the PFD.
1. Open the HYSYS case that contains the PFD you want to
modify.
2. Enter the Simulation Environment.
3. From the Simulation menu, select the Main Properties
command. The Simulation Case property view will appear.
4. Click the Calc Levels tab in the Simulation Case property
view.
5. Locate the name of the separator in the table on the Calc
Levels tab.
6. Enter a lower calculation level value in the appropriate cell
under the Calculation Level column.
7.2.3 Notes Tab
To see all notes entered in
the case, refer to Section
7.19 - Notes Manager.
Use the Notes tab to add comments or descriptions about your
simulation. For example, this is a good location for documenting
changes made to the settings.
7-7
7-8
Main Properties
7.2.4 WebModels Tab
For more information on
converting HYSYS case to
WebModels, refer to
Section 7.4 - HYSYS
Support for Aspen
WebModels.
The WebModels tab enables you to export a HYSYS simulation
case into a webmodel file.
Figure 7.4
7.2.5 PV Balance Tab
The PV Balance tab enables you to modify the property vector
balance calculation.
Figure 7.5
There are two balance option available for you to select: Default
Property Balance and Petroleum Assay Balance.
For the Petroleum Assay Balance, you can click the View button
to modify the balance calculation method for the assay
properties.
7-8
Simulation Environment
7-9
7.2.6 Lock Tab
Refer to Section 11.15 Case Security for more
information on locking
flowsheet.
The Lock tab enables you to lock the Main flowsheet by entering
a password in the field and press ENTER.
Figure 7.6
7.2.7 Converting a Case to a
Template
Refer to Section 3.5 Templates for additional
information about
templates and extra tabs.
Click the Convert to Template button in the Simulation Case
property view. You are prompted to confirm your selection and
save your case.
Converting your case to a template treats the flowsheet like a
“black box” and allows you to install it as a subflowsheet
operation in other cases.
After you convert the case to a template, the Exported
Connections and Exported Variables tabs become available and
the Convert to Template button disappears from the Simulation
Case property view.
7-9
7-10
HYSYS XML
Figure 7.7
7.3 HYSYS XML
HYSYS now contains the ability to represent a simulation case in
XML form. XML (Extended Markup Language) is used
extensively in the computer software industry to facilitate data
exchange between applications.
7-10
Simulation Environment
7-11
The HYSYS XML property view lists all the current specifications
used to build the simulation case. To access the HYSYS XML
property view:
1. From the Simulation menu, select HYSYS XML.
2. The HYSYS XML property view appears.
Figure 7.8
Options
Description
Allows you to return to the main Web page as shown in
Figure 7.8.
Allows you to return to the previous page.
Allows you to go to the next page.
Import/Export/
Display Options
Use the checkboxes to select the information you want
to appear in the Datasheet.
Use WebBrowser
If you want to view the data in a web page, select the
Use WebBrowser checkbox. If the checkbox is clear,
XML code is displayed.
7-11
7-12
HYSYS XML
Options
Description
Auto Refresh
To automatically update the web page, select the Auto
Refresh checkbox.
Input Summary
Format
If you want to view all the user specifications in the
HYSYS v2.4 case, select the Input Summary Format
checkbox. The functionality is similar to the PrintSpecsheet-Flowsheet capability in HYSYS 2.4.1, but
reports more specifications to produce a more accurate
representation of the case.
Scroll up and down for a list of
all flowsheet specification
details. Click the buttons in the
list to jump to the list displayed
in groups.
Export Case as
XML
Allows you to save the flowsheet specification details to
an *.xml file.
Import XML
Allows you to open the flowsheet specification details
from an *.xml file.
Refresh
Updates the list of current specifications in the
flowsheet.
Restore
Restores the default import/export options.
There are a number of options associated with the HYSYS XML
output. These control the amount of information saved to the
XML file.
Benefits of the HYSYS XML tool:
•
•
•
A structured output of simulation case data that can be
queried using XML tools.
An alternate form of case storage that allows the user to
rebuild the case from the XML file.
The ability to read partial information (additional pieces
of equipment/streams or changed parameters for
existing streams or operations) over top of an existing
case.
Print the information in the Datasheet to an XML file:
1. Click the Export Case as XML button. The Save File
property view appears.
2. Specify a name and location for the Datasheet file, then click
Save.
Import a Datasheet from an XML file:
1. Click the Import XML button. The Open File property view
appears.
2. Browse to the location of the required Datasheet file (*.xml).
3. Select the file you want to import, then click Open.
7-12
Simulation Environment
7-13
7.4 HYSYS Support for
Aspen WebModels
Aspen WebModels is a mechanism that enables a user to allow
remote users access to certain variables in a specific HYSYS
simulation case. A central server holds an XML file for each
simulation case. The XML file contains information about the
variables that are exposed, as well as an encoded version of the
simulator file(s). The remote user can only view an HTML page
that is created by the central server. The HTML page displays the
variable values and a PFD which is a graphical representation of
the flowsheet connectivity. The HTML page allows the user to
edit the values of certain variables. When the user changes
variable values, the central server starts the appropriate
simulator, loads the simulation case, solves the case with the
new variable values, and reports the results back to the remote
user via the HTML page.
7.4.1 Creating a HYSYS
WebModel File
Refer to Section 4.2 File for information on
creating and saving a new
HYSYS simulation case.
You can create a WebModel file from an existing HYSYS
simulation case or from a new HYSYS simulation case that you
have created. The WebModel file you create will include a range
of simulation variables and a Process Flowsheet Diagram (PFD).
The Figure 7.9 shows the PFD for the Steady State example
named gstrt-ss.hsc. This example is available in the HYSYS
sample cases folder, and it will be used to create a HYSYS
WebModel file.
7-13
7-14
HYSYS Support for Aspen
Figure 7.9
Specifying Variables for the
WebModel File
You have to specify the variables that you want the remote user
to view.
1. From the Tools menu, select Databook.
The Databook property view appears.
You can also access the Databook by pressing the CTRL D hot
key.
7-14
Simulation Environment
7-15
Figure 7.10
You will notice that variables have already been defined for
the gstrt-ss.hsc simulation case. However, you can add other
variables that you want the remote user to view.
2. Click the Insert button to add a variable. The Variable
Navigator property view appears.
3. From the available object list select an object, and then
select a variable from the available variable list.
Figure 7.11
4. Click the OK button to insert the variable in the Databook.
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7-16
HYSYS Support for Aspen
Adding Process Data Tables for the
WebModel File
You will have to add the process data tables of variables to
export the WebModel as an XML file.
1. Click on the Process Data Tables tab of the Databook
property view. The objects and variables that you defined on
the Variables tab are shown in the Individual Data Selection
group.
Figure 7.12
2. Click the Add button in the Available Process Data Tables
group to add a process data table. The default name for
process data table appears in the Process Data Table field
of the Individual Data Selection group.
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Simulation Environment
7-17
3. You can change the name of the process data table. When
the Show checkbox is selected the variable is added to the
process data table.
Figure 7.13
4. If you want to view the process data table, select the
process table that you want to view from the Available
Process Data Tables group. Then click the View button. A
property view as shown in the figure below appears.
Figure 7.14
Figure 7.14 shows the details for the variables in the table. You
can add a descriptive tag for each variable, and you can also
change the access mode.
WebModels require that all the variables that are specified in
the table are either read/write or read-only.
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HYSYS Support for Aspen
7.4.2 Exporting the
WebModels as an XML File
You can now export an XML file that will contain information
about the variables in the process data tables.
1. From the Simulation menu, select Main Properties.
2. Click on the WebModels tab. A list of all the Process Data
Tables in the case is shown on this tab.
3. You can change the WebModel name and description in the
appropriate fields.
4. If you want to link the WebModel to an Aspen OnLine server
and project, type the server and project names in the
Online Server and Online Project fields.
5. If you want to include the variables in the WebModels file,
select the Include checkbox.
6. You can specify if the tables contain are writable variables by
selecting the Writable checkbox.
Figure 7.15
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Simulation Environment
7-19
7. Click the Export WebModel button to create the.xml file.
The Save WebModels File property view appears.
Figure 7.16
8. Change the name for XML file in the File name field.
WebModels.xml is the default file name.
9. Click the Save button to save the WebModel XML file.
7.4.3 Publishing a WebModel
Publishing a WebModel makes it available to other users over a
corporate Intranet. A WebModel cannot be directly published to
a WebModels library from Aspen WebModels Author. To publish a
model, you must log in to the WebModels service in Aspen
Enterprise Engineering (AEE). Please see the online
documentation for AEE on how to perform the publish task.
7.5 Optimizer
Refer to Chapter 6 Optimizer Operation in
the HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information about the
Optimizer.
The Optimizer performs steady state optimization by finding
values of process variables that minimize or maximize a userdefined objective function. It has its own spreadsheet with
attached variables that define the objective function and
mathematical expression relating to the variables.
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Event Scheduler
In addition, you must set upper and lower bounds and
constraints that the process variables must satisfy. The
optimization must begin in a feasible region (in other words, all
constraints must be satisfied at the initial starting conditions).
7.6 Event Scheduler
Refer to Chapter 2 Dynamic Tools in the
HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide for
additional information.
Use the Event Scheduler to perform tasks at specified times
during the dynamic simulation of a process. Task times can be
predetermined, or they can depend on the simulation.
For example, you can set a task to begin 20 minutes into the
simulation or after a reboiler product stream temperature
stabilizes.
To access the Event Scheduler property view:
1. From the Simulation menu, select Event Scheduler.
You can also access the Event Scheduler using the CTRL E
hot key combination.
2. The Event Scheduler property view appears.
Figure 7.17
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Simulation Environment
7-21
The Event Scheduler can be used only in Dynamics mode.
7.6.1 Adding a Schedule
To add a new schedule:
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, click the Add
button in the Schedule Options group.
2. The Schedule Sequences group appears.
Figure 7.18
Tree browser
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Event Scheduler
7.6.2 Adding a Sequence
To add a new sequence:
You can add as many sequences as needed in a schedule.
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, click the Add
button in the Schedule Options group. The Schedule
Sequences group appears.
2. From the Schedule Sequences group, click the Add button.
The sequence appears in the Schedule Sequences table.
Figure 7.19
7.6.3 Adding an Event
To add a new event to the sequence:
You can add multiple events to a sequence.
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, click the Add
button in the Schedule Options group. The Schedule
Sequences group appears.
2. From the Schedule Sequences group, click the Add button.
The sequence appears in the Schedule Sequences table.
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Simulation Environment
7-23
3. Click the View button in the Schedule Sequences group. The
Sequence property view appears.
Figure 7.20
4. Click the Add button. The event appears in the table.
Figure 7.21
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7-24
Event Scheduler
Defining an Event
1. From the Sequence property view, click the View button.
The Event property view appears, which allows you to define
events.
Figure 7.22
2. Click on the Condition tab.
Refer to Section 2.5.4 Event Property View in
the HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide for more
information.
Refer to Action List Tab
section from Section
2.5.4 - Event Property
View in the HYSYS
Dynamic Modeling
guide for more
information.
The parameters on the property view change depending on
the radio button you select.
3. In the Wait For group, select the condition you are waiting
for before running the event. Select from the following
options:
• The Logic to Evaluate True
• An Elapsed Amount of Time
• A Specific Simulation Time
• A Variable to Stabilize
4. Click the Action List tab.
5. Close the Event and Sequence property views to return to
the Event Scheduler property view.
6. Click the Start button to start the integrator.
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7-25
7.6.4 Editing a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to edit.
Figure 7.23
2. You can modify the sequence name and run mode. If you
want to modify the information for the defined event and the
sequence universal settings, click the View button. The
Sequence property view appears.
Figure 7.24
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7-26
Event Scheduler
7.6.5 Editing an Event
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to edit the
defined events.
Figure 7.25
2. Click the View button in the Schedule Sequences group.
The Sequence property view appears.
3. From the Sequence property view, select the event you want
to edit.
Figure 7.26
4. Click the View button. The Event property view appears.
5. Modify the event as required.
7.6.6 Deleting a Schedule
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, select the schedule
you want to delete from the tree browser.
Figure 7.27
The Delete button is only active when a schedule exists in
the case.
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Simulation Environment
7-27
2. Click the Delete button in the Schedule Options group.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of the
schedule, even if you have sequences and events defined.
Ensure the correct schedule is selected before deleting.
7.6.7 Deleting a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to delete.
Figure 7.28
2. Click the Delete button in the Schedule Sequences group.
The Delete button is only active when a sequence exists in
the schedule.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of the
sequence, even if you have events defined. Ensure you
selected the correct sequence before deleting.
7.6.8 Deleting an Event
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to delete the
defined events.
Figure 7.29
2. Click the View button.
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Event Scheduler
The Sequence property view appears.
Figure 7.30
3. From the Sequence property view, select the event you want
to delete, and click the Delete button.
The Delete button is only active when an event exists in the
sequence.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of the
event, so ensure you selected the correct event before
deleting.
7.6.9 Copying a Schedule
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, select the schedule
you want to copy from the tree browser.
Figure 7.31
2. Click the Copy button in the Schedule Options group to
make a copy of the selected schedule. The copied schedule is
added to the tree browser.
The Copy button is only active when a schedule exists in the
case.
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Simulation Environment
7-29
7.6.10 Copying a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to copy.
Figure 7.32
2. Click the Copy button in the Schedule Sequences group to
make a copy of the selected sequence.
The Copy button is active when a sequence exists in the
schedule.
7.6.11 Copying an Event
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to copy the
defined events.
Figure 7.33
2. Click the View button. The Sequence property view appears.
Figure 7.34
3. From the Sequence property view, select the event you want
to copy, and click the Copy button.
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Event Scheduler
The Copy button is only active when an event exists in the
sequence.
7.6.12 Importing a Schedule
1. From the Schedule Options group of the Event Scheduler
property view, click the Import button. The File Selection
for Importing Schedule property view appears.
Figure 7.35
2. Browse to the location of the saved schedule file (*.sch).
3. Select the file you want to import, then click the Open
button.
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7-31
7.6.13 Importing a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, click the Import button.
The File Selection for Importing Sequence property view
appears.
Figure 7.36
2. Browse to the location of the saved sequence file (*.seq).
3. Select the file you want to import and click the Open button.
7.6.14 Exporting a Schedule
1. From the Event Scheduler property view, select the schedule
you want to export from the tree browser.
2. Click the Export button.
The Export button is only active when a schedule exists in
the case.
The File Selection for Exporting Schedule property view
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7-32
Event Scheduler
appears.
Figure 7.37
3. In the File name field, specify the name for the schedule file
4. From the Save in drop-down list, select the location to save
the schedule file and then click the Save button.
7.6.15 Exporting a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to export.
2. Click the Export button.
The Export button is only active when a sequence exists in
the schedule.
The File Selection for Exporting Sequence property view
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Simulation Environment
7-33
appears.
Figure 7.38
3. In the File name field, specify the name for the schedule file
4. From the Save in drop-down list, select the location to save
the sequence file and then click the Save button.
7.6.16 Sorting a Schedule
1. From the Schedule Options group of the Event Scheduler
property view, click the Sort button. The Reorder Schedules
property view appears.
Figure 7.39
The Sort button is only active when at least two schedules
exist in the case.
2. From the Move Object list, select the schedule you want to
move.
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Event Scheduler
3. From the Before list, select the schedule you want to insert
the schedule you are moving before.
4. Click the Move button to complete the move.
To move a schedule to the end of the list, select the blank
space under the last schedule in the Before list.
5. Close the Reorder Schedules property view when you have
completed sorting the schedules.
7.6.17 Sorting a Sequence
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, click the Sort button. The Reorder Sequences
property view appears.
Figure 7.40
The Sort button is only active when at least two sequences
exist in the schedule.
2. From the Move Object list, select the sequence you want to
move.
3. From the Before list, select the sequence you want to insert
the sequence you are moving before.
4. Click the Move button to complete the move.
To move a sequence to the end of the list, select the blank
space under the last sequence in the Before list.
5. Close the Reorder Sequences property view when you have
completed sorting the sequences.
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7-35
7.6.18 Sorting an Event
1. From the Schedule Sequences group of the Event Scheduler
property view, select the sequence you want to sort the
defined events.
Figure 7.41
2. Click the View button. The Sequence property view appears.
Figure 7.42
3. Click the Sort button. The Reorder Events property view
appears.
Figure 7.43
The Sort button is only active when at least two events exist
in the sequence.
4. From the Move Object list, select the event you want to
move.
5. From the Before list, select the event you want to insert the
event you are moving before.
6. Click the Move button to complete the move.
To move an event to the end of the list, select the blank
space under the last event in the Before list.
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Integrator
7. Close the Reorder Events property view when you have
completed sorting the events.
7.7 Integrator
Refer to Section 2.4 Integrator in the
HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide for
additional information.
You can use the Integrator when running a case in Dynamic
mode. There are two ways you can access the Integrator:
•
•
From the Simulation menu, select Integrator.
Press CTRL I.
Figure 7.44
The Start button allows you
to start to run the Integrator.
When the Integrator is
running, the button is
replaced by Stop. When the
Integrator has run once, the
Start button turns into a
Continue button. You can
also access the Start/
Continue and Stop
functionality by using the
icons on the toolbar.
The Reset button forces all the unit operations to
re-initialize. This can cause significant
disturbances in the case and is generally not
recommended for large cases. Instead, consider
using the Dynamic Initialization option. Refer to
Section 2.7 - Dynamic Initialization in the
HYSYS Dynamic Modeling guide for more
information.
Automatically forces
the flowsheet
variables to update
regardless of what is
set for the display
interval.
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7-37
7.7.1 Integration Time Group
The Integration Time group contains the following parameters:
Parameter
Description
Units
Time units for the Current Time, End Time, and Display
Interval fields.
Current Time
Displays the time that the Integrator is running. When
the Integrator is Reset, this value returns to zero.
When the Integrator is not running, you can specify the
value for the current time.
Acceleration
If running in Real Time, changing this field can speed
up (>1) or slow down (<1) the HYSYS model by taking
larger or smaller steps. The specified factor value is
applied to the step size.
End Time
Allows you to specify the time at which the Integrator
stops.
Real Time
Activates the Desired Real Time Factor field.
Display Interval
Visible only in Automatic Integration Control, this field
contains the time interval at which HYSYS updates the
property views. The frequency of updating has a
significant impact on the speed at which your
simulation runs. The Display Interval has no effect on
the calculation frequency.
Real time factor
Visible only in Automatic Integration Control, this field
is calculated by dividing a time interval for a case by
the actual time required by HYSYS to simulate that
time interval. The Real time factor depends on the
computer’s processing speed and the complexity of the
simulation case.
Desired Real
Time Factor
Appears only when you select the Real time checkbox.
Allows you to set the speed at which the integrator
operates. The default setting of 1 indicates that the
integrator is running at actual time, which appears on
the status bar of the HYSYS Desktop. You have the
option to increase (>1) or decrease (<1) the speed of
the integration. The Desired Real Time Factor has no
effect on the calculation and results.
Number of time
steps to execute:
Number of time steps at which HYSYS executes. This
field appears only when you click the Manual radio
button in the Integration Control group.
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Simultaneous Adjust Manager
7.7.2 Integration Step Size
Group
The Integration Step Size group contains the following
parameters:
Parameter
Description
Units
Allows you to select the units for the integration step size.
Step Size
Allows you to specify the integration step size, which by
default is 0.5 seconds. While the integrator is running, this
value cannot be changed.
Minimum
Allows you to specify the minimum number of steps that
can be taken.
A fixed integration step size is used and currently the
minimum and maximum values are not relevant.
Maximum
Allows you to specify the maximum number of steps that
can be taken.
7.8 Simultaneous Adjust
Manager
Refer to the
Simultaneous Adjust
Manager section from
Section 5.1.3 Parameters Tab in the
HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
The Simultaneous Adjust Manager (SAM) allows you to monitor
and modify all adjusts that are defined as simultaneous. This
gives you access to a more efficient calculation method with
more control over the calculations.
The SAM requires two or more active (in other words, not
ignored) adjusts to solve. If you are using only one adjust,
you cannot use the SAM.
Access the Simultaneous Adjust Manager by selecting the
Simultaneous Adjust Manager command from the Simulation
menu.
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Simulation Environment
7-39
Figure 7.45
7.9 Dynamic/Steady State
Modes
The Dynamic/Steady State command is located in the
Simulation menu and is used to alternate between the two
modes.
Press the F7 hot key to alternate between the two modes.
To switch from Steady State to Dynamic mode, open the
Simulation menu and select the Dynamics command. The
Dynamics Assistant identifies items that require attention:
•
See Chapter 2 Dynamic Tools in the
HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide for
additional information
about the Dynamics
Assistant.
•
Click Yes to open the Dynamics Assistant and view the
items.
Click No to ignore them and continue to Dynamics mode.
To switch from Dynamic to Steady State mode:
1. Open the Simulation menu and select the Steady State
command.
2. Click Yes to proceed to steady state.
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7-40
Solver Active/Holding
Switching back to Steady State mode results in the loss of
results. Your steady state simulation remains unsolved and
may require some adjusting before it fully solves.
You can halt the switch and remain in dynamics mode by
clicking No.
7.10 Solver Active/Holding
When in Steady State mode, you can activate or hold the solver.
This is useful for building your simulation without interruption;
you can add operations and streams without HYSYS trying to
solve them immediately. By default the HYSYS solver is active.
When inheriting a case from someone else, double-check
that the solver is active when your case is not solving.
Use one of the following methods to place the solver on hold:
•
Solver Holding icon
•
•
Open the Simulation menu and click the Solver Holding
command.
Press the F8 hot key.
Click the Solver Holding icon in the toolbar.
Use one of the following methods to make the solver active:
•
Solver Active icon
•
•
Open the Simulation menu and click the Solver Active
command.
Press the F8 hot key.
Click the Solver Active icon in the toolbar.
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Simulation Environment
7-41
7.11 Integrator Active/
Holding
When in Dynamics mode, you can activate and hold the
integrator. This is useful for examining the results of your
simulation. By default the integrator is on hold (inactive).
Use one of the following methods to activate the integrator:
•
Integrator Active icon
•
•
Open the Simulation menu and click the Integrator
Active command.
Press the F9 hot key.
Click the Integrator Active icon in the toolbar.
Use one of the following methods to put the integrator on hold:
•
Integrator Holding icon
•
•
Open the Simulation menu and click the Integrator
Holding command.
Press the F9 hot key.
Click the Integrator Holding icon in the toolbar.
7.12 Equation Summary
The Equation Summary property view is used when running a
case in Dynamics mode and it automatically opens when there
are dynamic specification errors in your case.
The Equation Summary option is available only in Dynamics
mode.
Refer to Section 2.3 Equation Summary
Property View in the
HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide for
additional information.
To open the property view manually, select the Equation
Summary View command from the Simulation menu.
The Equation Summary provides a list of the equations and
pressure flow specifications that are currently used in the
dynamic simulation. It also enables you to analyse the
simulation to determine if any equations/specifications are
required or redundant.
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Enter Basis Environment
7.13 Enter Basis
Environment
To enter the Basis environment from any flowsheet, use one of
the following methods:
•
•
•
Enter Basis Environment
icon
Refer to Chapter 5 Basis Environment of
this guide and the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide
for additional information
about the Basis
environment.
Click the Enter Basis Environment command in the
Simulation menu.
Click the Enter Basis Environment icon in the toolbar.
Use the hot key CTRL B to enter the Basis environment
from any environment.
The Basis environment allows you to create and manipulate the
fluid package in your simulation. Each object and flowsheet can
have its own fluid package, and flowsheets can contain multiple
fluid packages. For each fluid package, you can supply the
following:
•
•
•
•
Property package
Components
Reactions
User properties
7.14 User Variables
Refer to Chapter 5 - User
Variables in the HYSYS
Customization Guide for
additional information.
User Variables increase the internal functionality of objects, such
as streams and unit operations, by dynamically attaching
variables and code to those objects from within the application.
User Variables cannot be distinguished from variables built into
HYSYS objects so they can be added to spreadsheets, targeted
by logic controllers, and have their values specified by user
input.
For example, you can attach a User Variable to a stream to
ensure the flow rate is specified lower than a certain value, or
display a property view when a vessel temperature exceeds a
certain value.
User Variables let you attach code (written in a Visual Basic
compatible macro language) to simulation objects and specify
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Simulation Environment
7-43
when the code is to execute. This can add extra functionality to
any simulation.
Simulation Case User Variables
Select the Simulation Case User Variable command from the
Simulation menu to access the User Variables of Case property
view.
Figure 7.46
The User Variables listed in this property view apply to the
current simulation case.
Flowsheet User Variables
Select the Flowsheet User Variables command from the
Flowsheet menu to access the Flowsheet User Variables property
view.
Figure 7.47
The User Variables listed in this property view apply only to the
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User Variables
flowsheet.
7-44
Simulation Environment
7-45
7.14.1 Adding a User Variable
You can add a User Variable in either the User Variables of Case
property view or the Flowsheet User Variables property view.
Create a New User
Variable icon
1. Click the Create a New User Variable icon to add a new
User Variable to your simulation. The Create New User
Variable property view appears.
2. On the Create New User Variable property view, you can
enter code to define your User Variable. You can also specify
the following:
•
•
•
•
Type
Dimensions
Units
Macros
•
•
•
•
Attributes
Filters
Security
Variable defaults
7.14.2 Editing a User Variable
You can edit a User Variable from either the User Variables of
Case property view or Flowsheet User Variables property view.
1. Select the User Variable you want to edit from the list of
available User Variables.
Edit the Selected User
Variable icon
2. Click the Edit the Selected User Variable icon. The Edit
Existing Code of Case User Variables property view appears.
This property view allows you to modify the code, tag, type
and dimensions of the user variable.
7.14.3 Deleting a User
Variable
You can delete a user variable from either the User Variables of
Case or Flowsheet User Variables property view.
1. Select the User Variable you want to delete from the list of
available User Variables.
Delete the Selected User
Variable icon
2. Click the Delete the Selected User Variable icon. You are
prompted to verify the deletion of the User Variable.
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Importing & Exporting User
7.15 Importing &
Exporting User
Variables
From the Simulation menu, select the Import and Export User
Variables. The Import and Export User Variables property view
appears.
Figure 7.48
7.15.1 Importing User
Variables
1. Click the Select File button. The Open File property view
appears.
2. Browse to the location of the User Variable file you want to
import (*.hvv).
3. Select the file you want to import and click Open.
4. From the list of available User Variables in the export file,
select the User Variable(s) you want to import.
Select multiple User Variables at one time by holding down
the CTRL key, and clicking each variable you want to select.
5. Click the Import button.
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7-47
7.15.2 Exporting User
Variables
1. Click the User Var Manager Object in the User Variables In
Case group. A list of available User Variables appears.
2. From the list of available User Variables, select the User
Variable(s) you want to export.
Select multiple User Variables at one time by holding down
the CTRL key and clicking each variable you want to select.
3. Click the Export button. The Save File property view
appears.
4. Specify a name and location for the User Variable file and
click Save.
7.16 Oil Output Settings
For more information, see
Section 6.2.1 - Oil
Output Settings
Property View.
Select the Oil Output Settings command in the Simulation menu
to open the Oil Output Settings property view.
7.17 Object Navigator
The Object Navigator is one of the two navigational aids that
brings the multi-flowsheet architecture into a flat space. A
simulation containing a main flowsheet and subflowsheets
(columns and/or template subflowsheets) is considered as
having a directory/file structure. Flowsheets are directories
(with the main flowsheet being the root directory) with
flowsheet elements (streams, operations or utilities) being the
files.
One difference, however, is that subflowsheets are both
flowsheet elements (within the main simulation) as well as
flowsheets themselves. How you use the navigational tools is
illustrated in the following subsections.
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Object Navigator
The Object Navigator enables you to locate and view any
flowsheet element within any flowsheet, or enter the build
environment for a flowsheet.
There are several ways to access the Object Navigator:
•
Object Inspect menu
•
•
•
Object Navigator icon
Right-click in any blank area of the HYSYS Desktop and
select the Find Object command from the Object
Inspect menu.
Click the Find Object command in the Flowsheet
menu.
Press the F3 hot key.
Click the Object Navigator icon in the toolbar.
The Object Navigator property view appears.
Figure 7.49
The Flowsheets group
contains flowsheets,
subflowsheets and
templates.
Contains objects
present in the selected
flowsheet according to
the filter.
Radio buttons
designate which
object types appear
in the Flowsheet
Objects group.
Create your own
filter topic for the
Flowsheet Objects
group.
Enter the
environment of the
selected flowsheet by
clicking this button.
Locates and opens the
property view of a
named object.
Opens the
property view of
the selected
object.
Object Filter Tools
Filter Radio Buttons
These radio buttons allow you to filter the Object list by certain
types. For example, click the Streams radio button to view only
streams.
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Simulation Environment
7-49
Setup Custom Button
The Setup Custom button lets you to define your own filter
criteria.
1. Click the Custom radio button or the Setup Custom
button. The Select Type property view appears.
Click the Plus icon
more options.
to expand the tree browser and view
2. Select the stream type or unit operation type.
3. Click OK.
Entering the Build Environment
Enter the Build environment for any flowsheet directly from the
Object Navigator.
1. From the list of available flowsheets, select the flowsheet
you want to enter.
2. Click the Build button.
7.17.1 Locating an Object
The Object Navigator works in a left to right sequence. When
you select a flowsheet, all flowsheet objects (based on the
current filter) appear in the Flowsheet Objects group.
Use this procedure to locate an object and open that object’s
property view.
1. From the list of available flowsheets, select the required
flowsheet.
2. In the Flowsheet Objects list, select the object you want to
view.
3. Click the View button. The Object Navigator is closed and
the property view for the selected object appears.
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Simulation Navigator
Use this procedure to locate an object by name.
1. Click the Find button. The Find Object property view
appears.
2. Type the name of the object in the Object Name field.
3. Click OK. The Object Navigator is closed and the property
view for the selected object appears.
Use any one of the following methods to access a property view
for a specific flowsheet object. For these methods you need to
first select the appropriate flowsheet from the Flowsheets group.
•
•
•
Select the required object in the Flowsheet Objects
group, then click the View button.
Double-click the object in the Flowsheet Objects
group.
Click the Find button, then type the name of the object
you want to locate.
You can start or end the search string with an asterisk (*),
which acts as a wildcard character. This lets you find
multiple objects with one search. For example, searching for
VLV* will open the property view for all objects with VLV at
the beginning of their name.
When the required object is located, the Object Navigator closes
and the property view for that stream or operation is opened.
7.18 Simulation Navigator
The Simulation Navigator lets you quickly access the property
view of any stream or unit operation within the case. Within the
Simulation Navigator property view, you can modify object
parameters the same way you would in the regular object
property view.
To access the Simulation Navigator, do one of the following:
Simulation Navigator icon
•
•
Click the Simulation Navigator icon in the toolbar.
Select the Simulation Navigator command from the
Flowsheet menu.
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7-51
Figure 7.50
Locates the
selected
object on the
PFD.
In the Filter Types group, use the radio buttons to filter the
flowsheet objects:
•
•
•
Object Filter. Organizes the attachment tree browser by
object type. This allows you to access all objects of a
given type (for example, heat exchangers or vessels)
regardless of the flowsheet they exist in.
Status Filter. View all of the objects by status type: OK,
Not Solved, Warning, Under Specified and Error.
Flowsheet Filter. All the objects within a column or
subflowsheet appear under their respective column/
subflowsheet title. The objects in the main flowsheet are
listed in alphabetical order.
For certain objects you may need to enlarge the property view
horizontally to see more of the property view. To resize the
property view, place the mouse pointer at the property view
edge, then click and drag the mouse button to resize the
property view.
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Notes Manager
7.18.1 Viewing an Object
To view an object using the Simulation Navigator, do the
following.
1. In the Filter Types group, select the required filter radio
button.
2. From the list of available objects, select the object you want
to view. Click the Plus icon
symbol to expand the tree
browser and reveal more selections.
You can use the Object Inspect menu (right-click) to access
commands associated with the current property view.
7.19 Notes Manager
The Notes Manager lets you search for and manage notes for a
case.
Figure 7.51
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Simulation Environment
7-53
To access the Notes Manager, select the Notes Manager
command from the Flowsheet menu, or press the CTRL G hot
key.
View/Add/Edit Notes
To view, add, or edit notes for an object, select the object in the
List of Objects group. Existing object notes appear in the Note
group.
Click the Plus icon
•
•
•
to expand the tree browser.
To add a note, type the text in the Note group. A time
and date stamp appears automatically.
To format note text, use the text tools in the Note group
toolbar. You can also insert graphics and other objects.
Click the Clear button to delete the entire note for the
selected object. Click the View button to open the
property view for the selected object.
Search Notes
The Notes Manager allows you to search notes in three ways:
•
•
Select the View Objects with Notes Only checkbox (in
the List of Objects group) to filter the list to show only
objects that have notes.
Select the Search notes containing the string
checkbox, then type a search string. Only objects with
notes containing that string appear in the object list.
You can change the search option to be case sensitive by
selecting the Search is Case Sensitive checkbox.
The case sensitive search option is only available if you are
searching by string.
•
Select the Search notes modified since checkbox,
then type a date.Only objects with notes modified after
this date will appear in the object list.
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Optimization Objects
7.20 Optimization Objects
Refer to Chapter 2 Using HYSYS.RTO in
the HYSYS RTO
Reference Guide for
additional information.
The Optimization Objects property view lets you select a generic
set of objects that identify the underlying flowsheet variable(s)
and provide the necessary configuration information for use by
Optim or Estim.
To access the Select Optimization Object property view, select
the Optimization Objects command from the Flowsheet menu.
Figure 7.52
7.20.1 Adding an Optimization
Object
1. In the Types group, select one of the optimization type radio
buttons to determine the type of optimization object you are
creating.
You cannot add an optimization object when the All radio
button is selected.
2. Click the Add button.
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Simulation Environment
7-55
The Select object and variable property view appears.
Figure 7.53
3. Select the object and variable you want to optimize.
You must select an object before the variable list is
populated.
4. Click OK. The Optimization Object property view appears.
5. Specify the parameters defining your optimization object.
7.20.2 Editing an Optimization
Object
1. In the Select Optimization Object property view, select the
object you want to edit from the Objects list.
2. Click the Edit button. The Optimization Object property view
appears.
3. Modify the parameters that define your optimization object.
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Reaction Package
7.20.3 Deleting an
Optimization Object
1. Select the object you want to delete from the list of available
objects.
2. Click the Delete button. HYSYS prompts you to confirm the
deletion.
7.21 Reaction Package
Refer to Chapter 5 Basis Environment
in this guide and
Chapter 5 Reactions in the
HYSYS Simulation
Basis guide for more
information about
reactions and reaction
sets.
To access the Reaction Package property view, select the
Reaction Package command from the Flowsheet menu.
Figure 7.54
This property view allows you to do the following:
•
•
•
•
Create, Copy, or Edit a Reaction
Create, Copy, or Edit a Reaction Set
Attach Reactions to a Reaction Set
Make a Reaction Set available to unit operations in the
current case
The Reaction Package property view eliminates the need to
return to the Reaction tab of the Simulation Basis Manager to
define reactions and reaction sets. The only aspect of defining
reactions that must be done in the Simulation Basis Manager is
the selection of components.
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7.22 Fluid Package/
Dynamics Model
To access the Fluid Packages property view, select Fluid
Package/Dynamics Model from the Flowsheet menu.
For information
regarding the Dynamic
Flash options, refer to
Section 2.4.4 Stability Test Tab of
the HYSYS Simulation
Basis guide.
The Fluid Packages property view provides you with a summary
of all the fluid packages in the simulation and lets you view the
property package and components contained in each flowsheet.
Since each flowsheet can have a different fluid and property
package, each can also have a different flash option.
Figure 7.55
Displays all the
flowsheets in the case.
Displays the fluid and
property packages for the
selected flowsheet.
Displays the
components in
the selected
flowsheet.
Displays the flash
options for the
current fluid
package.
If flowsheets use the same fluid package, they must also use
the same flash options.
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Workbook
7.23 Workbook
The most concise way to display process information is in a
tabular format. The Workbook is designed for this purpose and
extends the concept to the entire simulation. In addition to
displaying stream and general unit operation information, the
Workbook is also configured to display information about any
object type (for example, streams, pipes, controllers, and
separators).
The Workbook becomes a collection of tabs. For example, if you
add a tab for Separators, then every separator in the flowsheets
appear on the tab with their current value of process variables
displayed. To provide the greatest degree of flexibility, modify
the variable set to show the variables of interest, or install
multiple tabs for the same object type with varying levels of
detail.
Most of the object properties in HYSYS are calculated based
on information entered by the user, so if there are large
quantities of data in your workbook, then the performance of
your simulation may be affected.
For example, extensive calculations such as Heat of Comb
will take longer to calculate than simpler calculations.
Not only is the Workbook useful for process analysis, but it was
also developed as an integral element in the building and
manipulation of your simulation. In addition to displaying the
process information, you can make changes to specifications
directly from the Workbook and calculations are performed
automatically. Mechanisms were also built into the Workbook to
provide immediate access to the property view for an individual
stream or operation.
Key Workbook features:
•
•
•
Workbook tabs can be added/deleted as required.
Multiple tabs for a given object type are supported,
allowing each tab to display different variables for that
object type.
Objects on a given Workbook tab can be sorted, hidden,
or revealed as required.
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Simulation Environment
•
7-59
User defined configurations of variables for given object
types can be stored independently of the case they were
configured in, and read back in to any other simulation
case.
The Workbook can be exported entirely or as individual tabs.
When importing, the user defined configurations can either
replace or be appended to the Workbook.
Each flowsheet in your simulation (main flowsheet and column/
template subflowsheets) has its own Workbook. You can access
the Workbook for any flowsheet from any location in your
simulation.
7.23.1 Opening a Workbook
There are three ways to open a Workbook:
Workbook icon
•
•
•
Click the Workbook icon in the toolbar.
Select the Workbooks command in the Tools menu.
Press the CTRL W hot key to open the Workbook for the
current flowsheet.
The Select Workbook property view displays all flowsheets in the
simulation. To open a specific Workbook, select the flowsheet
containing the Workbook and click the View button.
Select Workbook property
view
The first time you access the Workbook, it opens to the Material
Streams tab, displaying the basic stream information for all
streams currently installed in the main flowsheet. The default
Workbook also contains tabs for Compositions, Energy Streams,
and Unit Ops.
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7-60
Workbook
Figure 7.56
The Workbook is a resizable property view. Place the
mouse pointer over the border and drag to resize.
In the case of a stream, this field indicates which unit
operations the active stream is attached to
(FeederBlock and ProductBlock indicates that no unit
operation is connected to that side of the stream). In
the case of a unit operation, this field indicates which
streams are attached to the active unit operation.
Indicates where
you can type in
a name to
create a new
Stream.
When the Workbook is active, the Workbook menu appears in
the menu bar. The commands associated with this menu are
described below:
Command
Description
Setup
Opens the Setup property view allowing you to manage the
tabs in your Workbook. Refer to Section 7.23.5 Managing Workbook Tabs for more information.
Export
Accesses a submenu containing the Workbook and Pages
commands. These commands let you save a Workbook or
page setup. Refer to Section 7.23.7 - Exporting/
Importing Workbook Tabs for more information.
Import
Accesses a submenu containing the Workbook and Pages
commands. These commands replace the current
Workbook or page setup with a saved setup. Refer to
Section 7.23.7 - Exporting/Importing Workbook Tabs
for more information.
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7-61
Command
Description
Page Scope
Accesses a submenu containing the Show/Hide SubFlowsheet Objects commands. This toggle function either
shows or hides subflowsheet objects on the active
Workbook tab. Refer to the Viewing Subflowsheet
Objects section for more information.
Order/Hide/
Reveal
Objects
Opens the Order/Hide/Reveal Objects property view
allowing you to sort the Workbook objects either
alphabetically or manually, hide Workbook objects and
reveal Workbook objects. Refer to Section 7.23.6 Sorting Information for more information.
7.23.2 Installing Streams or
Operations
Material Streams
Use this procedure to install a new stream using the Workbook.
1. Click the Material Streams tab.
2. Click the **New** cell and type the stream name.
3. Press ENTER or click any other cell to complete your input.
4. Specify values for three of the properties in the table with at
least one of the specifications being temperature or
pressure.
5. Specify the composition of the stream.
Operations
Use this procedure to install a new unit operation through the
Workbook:
1. Click the Unit Ops tab.
2. Click the Add UnitOp button. The UnitOps property view
appears.
If the unit operation category is known, selecting the
corresponding radio button in the UnitOps property view
filters the list of available unit operations. For example, click
the Heat Transfer Equipment radio button to display only
unit operations associated with heat transfer.
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Workbook
3. From the list of available unit operations, click the operation
you want to install.
4. Click Add. The operation is added to the Workbook and the
operation’s property view automatically opens.
7.23.3 Deleting Streams or
Operations
Streams
To delete a stream from the Workbook:
•
•
Object Inspect menu
Right-click any cell associated with the stream you want
to delete. From the Object Inspect menu, select the
Delete command.
Click the Name cell associated with the stream you want
to delete and press the DELETE key on the keyboard.
A confirmation message appears to ensure the deletion is
intended.
To delete objects without confirmation, clear the Confirm
Delete checkbox on the Simulation page of the Session
Preferences property view. Access the Session Preferences
property view by selecting the Preferences command from
the Tools menu.
Operations
To delete a unit operation from the Workbook:
•
•
Click any cell associated with the unit operation you want
to delete and click the Delete UnitOp button.
Click the name cell associated with the unit operation you
want to delete and press the DELETE key on the
keyboard.
HYSYS prompts you to confirm the deletion.
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7.23.4 Accessing Streams or
Operations
You can access both streams and unit operations from any of the
default Workbook tabs.
You can access the property view for a material stream directly
from the Material Streams and Compositions tab. From this
location, you can also access the Input Composition property
view, as well as open the property view for any operation
attached to a stream.
Figure 7.57
Double-click any stream cell
(except the material flow cells) to
open the property view for that
stream.
Double-clicking the material flow
cells opens the Input Composition
property view with units defaulted
to the selected flow type.
Double-click DEHYDRATOR to open
its property view.
Figure 7.58
Double-click or
start typing in a
composition cell to
open the Input
Composition
property view for
the stream.
Double-click the
name cell to
access the
stream property
view.
Double-click the
unit operation
name to access its
property view.
Right-click any
cell and select
the View
command to
display the
stream property
view.
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Workbook
Access the energy stream property views from the Energy
Streams tab. The property views for unit operations that the
energy streams are attached to can also be accessed through
this tab.
Figure 7.59
Right-click a cell and select
the View command to
access a property view.
Double-click a cell to open
the energy stream property
view.
Double-click on the unit
operation name to access
its property view.
The same capabilities are found on the Unit Ops tab. You can
access each operation’s property view by double-clicking in the
appropriate row. The property view of any stream that is
attached to a unit operation can also be opened from this tab.
Figure 7.60
Open the property view of the first stream listed by double-clicking
the Inlet or Outlet cell.
Double-click the Name
cell, Object Type cell or
Calc. Level cell to access
the Unit Operation
property view.
Double-click a name to
access the stream
property view.
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7-65
Viewing Subflowsheet Objects
From the Workbook in the main environment, you can view
information for subflowsheet items. You can display
subflowsheet information by clicking the Include SubFlowsheets button, located in the lower right corner of the
Workbook. This includes all of the information from the
subflowsheet with the information from the main flowsheet.
The functionality of the Include Sub-Flowsheets button is not
global to the entire Workbook. With each tab, you can include
the subflowsheet objects.
The command to display subflowsheet objects must be
repeated on each individual Workbook tab.
To hide the subflowsheet objects from a Workbook tab, click the
Include Sub-Flowsheets button again.
You can also view or hide subflowsheet items on a Workbook tab
by using the commands in the Workbook menu, select
Workbook | Page Scope | Show/Hide Sub-Flowsheet
command as shown below.
Figure 7.61
When the Include Sub-Flowsheets option is selected, the
Composition tab only displays results if a common fluid
package is shared by the subflowsheets and the main
environment in the case. Since different fluid packages can
contain both different types and numbers of components, it
is not possible to display the compositions in the same form.
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Workbook
Show Name Only
To simplify the search for a particular stream or unit operation,
click the Show Name Only button, located in the lower right
corner of the Workbook.
The Show Name Only button is not available on the Unit Ops
tab.
This button hides all object data except the object name. Place
the cursor on the name of the chosen object and click the Show
Name Only button again. All object data re-appears and the
cursor remains on the selected object.
The functionality of the Show Name Only button is not global to
the entire Workbook. With each Workbook tab, you can show
either just the object name or all object data.
7.23.5 Managing Workbook
Tabs
The Workbook Setup property view lets you add, delete, and
customize the tabs in the Workbook. To access this property
view, do the following:
•
•
Select the Setup command from the Workbook menu.
Right-click any of the tabs available in the Workbook.
From the Object Inspect menu click the Setup
command.
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Simulation Environment
7-67
Figure 7.62
This is the
newly typed
name.
The name of
the Object Type
appears.
The default variable set for streams is filled.
Format cells
indicate the
precision of the
variable.
Adding a New Tab to the Workbook
1. From the list of available Workbook tabs, click the tab you
want to insert the new tab before.
2. Click the Add button in the Workbook Tabs group to
display the New Object Type property view.
3. Click the object that is the subject of the tab. Click the
Expand icon
to view the additional sub-items.
4. Click Expand icon
next to the Stream object type. The
list appears as shown in the figure below (on the right).
Figure 7.63
7-67
7-68
Workbook
The Material and Energy Stream options appear in the list.
5. Click the Material Stream object type and then click the OK
button. You return to the Setup property view and the new
tab appears in the list of available tabs.
6. The tab is named Material Streams 2, since there is
already a Material Streams tab. To change the tab name,
click the Name field and type a new name for the tab.
7. Click the Close icon
added tab is active.
to return to the Workbook. The newly
Editing a Workbook Tab
Use the Setup property view to edit the tabs in your Workbook
by adding, deleting, and sorting variables on the Workbook tab.
Tabs can contain default variable sets or user-defined variable
sets.
Changes cannot be made to the default Unit Ops Workbook
tab.
You can define the format of each variable and modify the
name, type, and order of tab objects.
Refer to Section 7.23.6 Sorting Information for
details on sorting objects
and variables.
1. From the list of available Workbook tabs, select the tab you
want to edit.
2. Click the New Type button to change the object type of the
tab. The New Object Type property view appears.
3. From the list of available objects, select the new object type,
then click OK.
4. Click the Use Set button to display the Use Set property
view. This property view lets you select a pre-defined
variable set.
Figure 7.64
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Simulation Environment
7-69
5. From the list of available variable sets, select the variable set
being used, then click OK. The Use Set property view closes
and the variables appear in the Variables table.
6. To add a variable to the variable set, click the Add button in
the Variables group. The Select Variables property view
appears.
7. Select the variable and any variable specifics you want to
add to the variable set, then click OK.
Figure 7.65
From this list select the variable to add to the Workbook tab.
The Single radio button lets
you add one variable to the
variable set.
The All radio button lets you add
all available variables to the
variable set.
You can change the variable label by typing the new name in the
Description field. This is useful for changing long default names.
Refer to Section 10.5 Format Editor for details
on the Real Format Editor.
8. To change the format of the variables value, click the
Format button The Real Format Editor appears. Specify the
number of significant digits, a fixed number of decimal
places or have the variable display in exponential form.
9. Make any necessary changes and click OK, or click the Use
Default button for application defaults.
Figure 7.66
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Workbook
Deleting Variables
1. From the list of available variables, click the variable you
want to delete. Select more than one variable at a time by
holding down the CTRL key, and clicking each variable.
2. Click the Delete button.
Deleting a Tab from the Workbook
1. From the list of available Workbook tabs, select the
Workbook tab you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button in the Workbook Tabs group.
There is no confirmation message when you delete a
Workbook tab and deleted tabs cannot be recovered.
7.23.6 Sorting Information
Workbook tabs can be sorted independently. You can sort the
objects on a tab or you can set the order of the variables on a
tab.
Sorting Objects
If the Workbook tab is sorted alphabetically, objects
continue to be sorted automatically following any ensuing
name changes.
To sort the objects of a tab:
1. Open the Order/Hide/Reveal Objects property view using
one of the following methods:
• Select the Order/Hide/Reveal Objects command
From the Workbook Menu.
• Use the Order/Hide/Reveal command in the Object
Inspect menu that appears when you right-click any
Workbook tabs or cells.
• Click the Order button in the Object group of the Setup
property view.
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7-71
Figure 7.67
2. Use the radio buttons in the Sorting group to specify the
sorting method being used.
•
Up Arrow and Down
Arrow icons
•
•
Manual. From the list of revealed objects, select an
object (or multiple objects) using the Up Arrow and
Down Arrow icons to manually move the selected
object(s) through the list.
Alphabetical Ascending. Sorts the names of the
objects in alphabetically ascending order. Objects with
numerical names are listed first.
Alphabetical Descending. Sorts the names of the
objects in alphabetically descending order. Objects with
numerical names are listed last.
Hiding & Revealing Objects
To hide an object:
1. From the list of revealed objects, select the object(s) you
want to hide. Select more than one at a time by holding
down the CTRL key and clicking each object being selected.
2. Click the Hide button. The selected object(s) appear(s) in
the Hidden list.
To reveal a hidden object:
1. From the list of hidden objects, select the object(s) you want
to reveal. Select more than one at a time by holding down
the CTRL key and clicking each object being selected.
2. Click the Reveal button. The selected object(s) appears in
the Revealed list.
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Workbook
Sorting Variables
1. Select Setup from the Workbook menu. The Setup
property view appears.
2. From the list of available Workbook tabs, select the
Workbook tab with the variables you want to sort.
If variables were added to the Workbook tab as a group (in
other words, component molar flows), then you cannot move
these individually, but only as a group.
3. Click the Order button in the Variables group. The Move
Variables property view appears as shown below.
Figure 7.68
Up Arrow and
Down Arrow icons
4. From the list of available variables, select the variable(s) you
want to move. Select more than one at a time by holding
down the CTRL key and clicking each variable being
selected.
5. Click the Up Arrow or Down Arrow icon.
7.23.7 Exporting/Importing
Workbook Tabs
HYSYS allows you to import and export Workbook information.
This same Workbook setup can then be used in other simulation
cases.
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Exporting a Workbook
1. From the Workbook-Export sub-menu, select the
Workbook command. The Save File property view appears.
2. Specify a name and location for your Workbook file.
The format for the *.wrk files does not change for an
exported Workbook or individual exported pages. This
means existing *.wrk files are completely backwards and
forwards compatible, as well as interchangeable for
Workbook or Workbook page importing.
3. Click Save.
Exporting a Workbook Tab
1. From the Workbook-Export sub-menu, select the Pages
command. The Export Pages property view appears.
Figure 7.69
2. Click the Export checkbox by the name of the tab you want
to export.
•
Click the Select All button to select all of the
checkboxes.
• Click the Deselect All button to clear all of the
checkboxes.
3. Click the Export button. The Save File property view
appears.
4. Specify a name and location for your Workbook file and click
Save.
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PFD
Importing a Workbook
1. From the Workbook-Import sub-menu, select the
Workbook command. The Open File property view appears.
2. Browse to the location of your Workbook file (*.wrk).
3. Select the file you want to import and click Open.
The imported Workbook replaces the existing one.
Importing a Workbook Tab
1. From the Workbook-Import sub-menu, select the Pages
command. The Open File property view appears.
A unique-naming function is available to distinguish
imported pages from pre-existing pages with the same
name.
2. Browse to the location of your Workbook file (*.wrk).
3. Select the file you want to import and click Open.
The imported Workbook tabs are added to the existing
Workbook.
7.24 PFD
The Process Flow Diagram (PFD) is the default property view
when you first enter the Simulation environment. The PFD
provides the best representation of the flowsheet as a whole.
Using the PFD gives you immediate reference to the progress of
the simulation currently being built, such as what streams and
operations are installed, flowsheet connectivity, and the status
of objects.
PFD icon
Any PFD in the simulation can be accessed from any location in
the Simulation environment by clicking the PFD icon or using
the CTRL P hot key.
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Simulation Environment
Refer to Section 12.2.3 Desktop Page for
additional information.
7-75
The PFD is the default property view that appears when you
enter the Simulation environment. You can change the
Simulation environment default property view in your
Session Preferences.
In addition to graphical representation, you can build your
flowsheet within the PFD using the mouse to install and connect
objects. A full set of manipulation tools is available so you can
reposition streams and operations, resize icons, or reroute
streams. All of these tools are designed to simplify the
development of a clear and concise graphical process
representation.
For information
regarding manipulating
PFDs, see Section 10.3
- Editing the PFD.
The PFD also possesses analytical capabilities. You can access
property views for streams or operations directly from the PFD,
or install custom Material Balance Tables for any or all objects.
Complete Workbook pages can also be displayed on the PFD and
information is automatically updated when changes are made to
the process.
There are several ways you can track a specific variable
throughout the PFD, including replacing stream name labels or
designating a colour to represent a variable range.
Every flowsheet (or subflowsheet) has its own PFD, so you can
access any flowsheet’s PFD from any location. You can also use
the multi-flowsheeting architecture to provide clear and concise
representations of complex simulations. Instant access to the
subflowsheet PFD is available through Object Inspect menu of
the main flowsheet’s PFD.
7.24.1 Custom PFD Notebook
You can customize the PFD into a Notebook by adding new tabs.
Using multiple tabs allows for flexibility when dealing with large
and complex flow diagrams. For example, one PFD can be used
as the main tab for the entire process, while subsequent tabs
deal with more specific areas.
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PFD
Notebooks are also useful when you want each PFD to have a
distinct colour scheme for an identical object’s setup.
Each PFD is an independent element in that objects can be
moved or hidden without changing the appearance of the
other tabs. However, when multiple PFDs exist, an object
added to one PFD appears on all PFDs.
Installing a New PFD
To add a new PFD to the Notebook:
1. From the PFD menu, select Add a PFD. The Add a PFD
property view appears.
Figure 7.70
2. In the New PFD Name field, type the name of your PFD.
3. Click the OK button.
•
If you want your new PFD to be a clone of an existing
PFD, select the Clone from Existing PFD checkbox.
From the list of available PFDs, select the PFD you want
to clone and click OK.
Cloning a PFD produces an exact duplicate of the selected
PFD.
•
If you just want to create a new blank PFD, ensure the
Clone from Existing PFD checkbox is clear.
A new tab appears with the specified name and the new PFD
becomes the active property view.
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Deleting a PFD
Unlike the deletion of a single object, deleting a PFD removes it
from the Notebook, but does not remove the associated objects
from the simulation case.
1. Click the PFD tab that you want to delete.
2. Do one of the following:
•
•
Select Delete this PFD from the PFD menu.
Right-click the PFD tab, and select Delete this PFD.
You cannot recover a deleted PFD.
The delete option is not available if there is only one PFD in
the Notebook.
Renaming a PFD
If the name of the PFD is not changed when it is added, or if the
name of the original PFD is not suitable, it can be changed.
1. Make the PFD active by selecting its tab.
2. Select Rename this PFD from the PFD menu. The PFD
Name property view appears.
Figure 7.71
3. In the Current PFD Name field, type the new name of the
PFD.
4. Click the Close icon
to return to the PFD.
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PFD
7.24.2 Locating Objects in PFD
The Select Objects command in the PFD Object Inspect menu
enables you to find objects in the PFD.
To access the locating option in the PFD:
1. Open the PFD of the simulation case.
2. Right-click in any empty area of the PFD to access the Object
Inspect menu.
3. Click the Select Objects command.
The Select Objects property view appears.
Figure 7.72
You can select the
appropriate radio
button to filter the
objects in the
Objects To Select
list.
4. Select the object you want from the list and click the OK
button.
The object you are looking for will be selected on the PFD
and will have a blinking white frame around it.
7.24.3 Flowsheet Analysis
Using the PFD
After installing your streams and operations in the PFD, you
need to supply specifications. Specifications are entered using
the Workbook or an object’s property view. Property views are
accessed through the PFD, so you can keep the PFD open while
supplying the necessary object information. Tables containing
specified variables for streams and operations can also be
installed in the PFD.
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Accessing Stream & Operation
Property Views
Open the property views directly from the PFD by doubleclicking the object icon. Also, you can right-click on an object’s
icon and select View Properties from the Object Inspect menu
that appears, as shown in the following figure.
Figure 7.73
Unit Operation Object
Inspect menu
Stream Object
Inspect menu
You can also press the V or E key to open the property view
of a single selected object in the PFD property view.
View the property view for a stream by double-clicking the
stream icon or by right-clicking any portion of the line that
represents the stream and selecting the View Properties
command from the Object Inspect menu.
Refer to Section 1.3 Object Status & Trace
Windows for details
about these windows.
You can also use the Object Status Window to open property
views. Move the cursor to the thick border (directly above the
status bar at the bottom of the Desktop) and it changes to a
vertical line with two arrowheads. Click and hold the mouse
button while dragging the cursor upward to expand the Object
Status and Trace Windows.
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PFD
The left pane is the Object Status Window and contains status
messages for the various streams and operations. By doubleclicking a message, the property view for the associated object
appears.
The Object Status Window option is not available after the
case solves. At this point, all object status messages are OK
and are no longer displayed in the window.
Deleting Streams & Operations
You can delete streams and operations from the case in the PFD
by doing either of the following:
•
•
Select the object being deleted and press the DELETE
key on the keyboard.
Right-click the object and select Delete from the Object
Inspect menu, as shown on the left.
Using either method, you are prompted to confirm the deletion
of the object. If multiple objects are being deleted at once, you
must confirm each deletion.
Deleting an object is a global function, so if an object is
deleted from a PFD, it is removed not only from all PFDs, but
from the simulation case.
Fly-by Information
You can view Information related to an object by placing the
cursor over its associated icon. A small box listing the object
name and the current values of key variables appears. This box
is called a Fly-by.
Refer to Section 12.2.5 Tool Tips Page for more
information.
The controls for the Fly-by are found in the Session
Preferences.
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The Fly-by of a heat exchanger is shown below.
Figure 7.74
7.24.4 Access Column or
Subflowsheet PFDs
Right-clicking a column (or subflowsheet template) in the main
PFD displays an Object Inspect menu similar to the one for
streams and operations, but with the addition of two options:
•
•
Open PFD command opens the separate column or
subflowsheet PFD into the case (main) environment.
Show sub-FlowSheet Objects command displays all
subflowsheet objects (for example, streams, unit
operations, tables, and text) in the main flowsheet. This
allows all subflowsheet streams and operations to be
viewed and accessed from the main PFD without entering
the subflowsheet environment.
Figure 7.75
A reasonable arrangement of icons on the PFD
should be preserved using the Show subFlowSheets option, however, for complex
subflowsheets the icon layout can become
crowded and may need to be re-arranged
manually.
To hide subflowsheet objects displayed in the main PFD, rightclick the tip of any subflowsheet stream connected to the main
flowsheet. The tip of the stream has a small square visible.
When you right-click, the Hide sub-FlowSheet Objects
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PFD
command appears. Clicking this command hides all associated
subflowsheet objects.
Figure 7.76
Appearance of subflowsheet stream
tip within main flowsheet PFD.
Column Subflowsheet
The external property view of the Column resides in the main
PFD. Only the external streams of the Column appear (in other
words, Inlet, Outlet, and Energy streams), however, the Column
has a unique PFD that displays the complete representation of
the column flowsheet internal property view, including reboilers
and condensers.
The Column PFD displays the Columns internal streams, such as
Boilup and Reflux. Also, in the Column PFD, the Column stages
appear.
When the column PFD is accessed from the main flowsheet,
you are not able to modify internal subflowsheet
connections. You must enter the column subflowsheet to
perform such tasks as adding or deleting objects and
breaking stream connections.
7.24.5 Opening Controller Face
Plates
Controllers can also be right-clicked like streams, operations,
and columns. The commands available are the same as those
associated with the other operations, except for the addition of
the Face Plate command. Selecting this command opens the
face plate of the selected controller.
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7.24.6 PFD Colour Schemes
Colour Scheme icon
By viewing the colour schemes on the PFD, you can retrieve
specific information about your case. The type of information
that is available depends on the selected colour scheme.
For example, in default mode, a unit operation can be red,
indicating a serious status message associated with the object.
The red status can indicate that the object requires the
attachment of a material or energy stream. The benefit of the
colour scheme in the PFD is greatly enhanced if the Object
Status Window is also open. The object colour combined with
the information provided in the Object Status Window is helpful.
Each PFD can have its own distinct colour scheme.
There are three colour scheme options supplied with HYSYS:
Refer to Section 12.6.1 Colours Page for more
information.
Scheme
Description
Default
Colour
Scheme
The colour of unit operations and streams is changed to
reflect the status of the object. Unit Ops are red if a serious
message is in the Object Status Window, outlined in yellow
if a warning message exists, and completely grey if the
object has solved. A Stream icon appears light blue if
unsolved and dark blue if solved.
PFD default colours can be changed on the Colours page of
the Session Preferences property view.
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PFD
Scheme
Description
HYSIM
Colour
Scheme
Streams and unit operation icons are shown as wire frames
and the colours can be changed. Right-click an object and
click the Change Colour command. The colour palette
appears and a new colour can be selected. Select an
existing colour or click the Define Custom Colours button to
customize a colour. After a colour is selected, click the OK
button. The new colour for the wire frame appears.
Simultaneously change the colour of multiple wire frames
by selecting all of the required objects.
Query Colour
Scheme
The value of a specified variable can be monitored for all
material streams. You can select five colours and an
associated variable range for each.
For the example given in the figure above, the top colour
(Colour 1) appears for material streams that have a
temperature greater or equal to 300°C. Colour 2 represents
streams ranging from 200 to 300°C. The last colour (Colour
5) is shown for streams that have temperatures below 0°C.
The Temperature colour scheme (shown in the Colour
Scheme drop-down list when the PFD is accessed), is a
Query scheme.
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Selecting/Changing a Colour
Scheme
The Default Colour Scheme is active when the PFD is first
accessed. There are two ways of switching to another scheme:
•
Colour Scheme icon
Click the Colour Scheme icon in the toolbar. The PFD
Colour Schemes property view appears. From the
Current Scheme drop-down list, select a colour scheme.
Click the Close icon
to return to the PFD.
Figure 7.77
•
Click the colour scheme drop-down list located in the PFD
toolbar. Select a colour scheme from the list.
When the simulation case is saved, the active colour scheme for
each PFD is also stored.
The Delete this Scheme and Edit this Scheme buttons appear
for query colour schemes only.
Adding a Query Colour Scheme
You can add a colour scheme that tracks a key material stream
variable throughout the PFD.
1. Click the Colour Scheme icon in the toolbar. The PFD Colour
Schemes property view appears.
2. Click the Add a Scheme button. The Select Query Variable
property view appears.
3. From the list of available variables, select the variable you
want to monitor. Some variables require a qualifier such as
the Comp Mole Frac variable, which requires a component
from the list of variable specifics.
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PFD
4. Click the OK button. The Edit PFD Colour Scheme property
view appears.
5. Input the appropriate values in the variable range fields.
Figure 7.78
Variable
range fields
Colours that
represent the
variable
ranges.
For details about available
colour scheme changes,
refer to the Editing a
Query Colour Scheme
section.
6. To change the colour of the variable range, double-click a
colour to access the colour palette. Changes can also be
made to the scheme name and to the variable.
7. Click the Close icon
to return to the PFD Colour Schemes
property view. The new colour scheme is active.
8. Click the Close icon
to return to the PFD.
Deleting a Query Colour Scheme
1. Click the Colour Scheme icon in the toolbar. The PFD Colour
Schemes property view appears.
Colour Scheme icon
2. Select a colour scheme from the Current Scheme drop-down
list.
3. Click the Delete this Scheme button.
Delete button appears only when a Query Colour Scheme is
selected.
Ensure the correct scheme is selected before deleting. You
cannot recover deleted schemes.
Editing a Query Colour Scheme
1. Click the Colour Scheme icon in the toolbar. The PFD Colour
Schemes property view appears.
2. Select a colour scheme from the Current Scheme drop-down
list.
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3. Click the Edit this Scheme button. The Edit PFD Colour
Scheme property view appears as shown previously in
Figure 7.78.
Edit button appears only when a Query Colour Scheme is
selected.
Refer to Adding a Query
Colour Scheme in the
previous section for more
information.
4. In this property view, edit the scheme name, query variable,
variable ranges, and variable range colours.
5. After all changes are made to the query colour scheme, click
the Close icon
to return to the PFD Colour Schemes
property view.
Only one colour can be changed at a time.
6. Click the Close icon
on the PFD Colour Schemes property
view to return to the PFD.
7.24.7 Column Tray Section
Display
In the column subflowsheet, you can right-click the individual
components of the Column (for example, Tray Section,
Condenser, and Reboiler). The Object Inspect menu of the Tray
Section provides two additional commands: Show Trays and
Compress/Expand as shown below.
Figure 7.79
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PFD
Click the Show Trays command to open the Stage Visibility
property view.
Figure 7.80
When this radio button is
selected, the Column
appears showing each
tray. For instance, a 10tray column shows trays 1
through 9 on the PFD.
This group can only be
accessed when the
Selected Expansion radio
button is selected.
HYSYS always draws the
column showing the first
and last stages, as well as
feed and draw stages.
When this radio button is
selected, you can
compress the column tray
section displayed on the
PFD.
Instead of individually
selecting all the
checkboxes, use these
buttons to select or clear
all the stages in the
Column.
Select the checkbox for
each tray you want to
display on the PFD.
Click the Expand option to expand the column to the full size,
showing all trays. Click the Compress option to compress the
column to the settings in the Stage Visibility property view. Only
the selected trays will appear.
If the tray section shown is compressed, the command at the
bottom of the menu is Expand. If the section is fully
expanded, the command is Compress.
7.24.8 PFD Tables
Workbook Table
You can display any full Workbook tab as a table on the PFD
except for the Unit Ops tab. All information on the Workbook tab
is shown in the table and is automatically updated when
changes occur in the flowsheet.
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Add a Workbook Table to the PFD
1. Right-click to open the PFD Object Inspect menu and select
Add Workbook Table. The Select Workbook Page property
view appears.
2. Click the name of the tab being added, then click the Select
button as shown below. After the Workbook table is added,
click and drag it to the necessary location.
Figure 7.81
The Select Workbook
Page property view
appears.
When you right-click a Workbook table, the Object Inspect
menu shows the following options:
•
•
•
Hide. Hides the Workbook table.
Change font. Changes the font of the text in the table.
Change colour. Opens the colour palette so you can
change the text and table border colours.
Object Variable Table
Install a table for any object in the PFD by right-clicking the
stream or operation and clicking the Show Table command as
shown on the left. Each object type has a default variable list
associated with it.
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PFD
The table shown below is for a Separator.
Figure 7.82
You can modify the list of displayed variables as well as the table
appearance by right-clicking to access the table’s Object Inspect
menu. The menu contains the following options.
Table Object Inspect
menu
Table Menu Item
Description
View Properties
Access the various properties available for the tables.
Refer to the Table Properties section for more
information.
Hide Table
Temporarily hides the table on the PFD. When the table
is revealed, it is shown as it was before it was hidden.
Change Font
Change the font for the text in the table.
Change Colour
Open the colour palette, and change the colour of the
Table text, and the Table outline.
Table Properties
To open the PFD Table property view by double-clicking on the
table. A default variable set is provided for each stream and
operation type.
If you are having trouble selecting a table, ensure you are
not in Attach mode.
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To modify this list, right-click the table and select the View
Properties command.
Figure 7.83
Adds a new
variable to the
table.
Toggle the
checkboxes on
and off to
control these
table properties.
Removes the selected variable
from the table.
Use the buttons available in the property view to modify the
variable set for the table. Refer to the following table for the
description of each button:
Button
Button Usage
Add
Variable
To add a variable to the table:
Views/Remarks
1. Click the Add Variable button. The Variable
Navigator property view appears.
2. From the list of available variables, select the
variable you want to add to the table.
3. Make any required changes to the variable
description in the Description field.
4. Click the OK button to return to the PFD Table
property view.
The Add Variable option lets you add only one
variable at a time to the table.
Remove
Var
Removes variables from the table. Select the
variable(s) to remove from the table, and click the
Remove Var button.
You are not prompted to confirm the
deletion of variables from the table.
(Select more than one variable at a time by
holding down the CTRL key, and then clicking
each variable you want to select.)
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PFD
Button
Button Usage
Views/Remarks
Use Set
Default variable sets are provided and accessed by
clicking the Use Set button. The list of variable
Sets differs, depending on the object type
(stream, unit operation, column, or controller). To
change to a default variable set, select variable set
from the list and click the OK button.
The sets shown above applies to a
Separator.
Sort
Use to reorganize variables in the table. Select the
item(s) being moved in the Move Variable field. In
the Before field, select the variables that are in
front of the variables being moved and click the
Move button.
(Select more than one variable at a time by
holding down the CTRL key, and then clicking
each variable you want to select.)
Format
Change the numeric format of a value. Select the
variables being changed from the table. Click the
Format button. The Real Format Editor appears.
In the Format Specification group, select one of
the following radio buttons: Exponential, Fixed
Decimal Point, or Significant Figures. Each
selection requires you to specify information to
fully define the selection. Click the OK button.
Column Tables
Column tables can be added in the main PFD and in the column
PFD. The tables that can be added are different in each
environment. For example, in the main PFD, the column table
consists of variables relating to the column tray section.
Inside the column PFD, you can add tables for the Condenser,
Tray Section, and Reboiler. Each of these can contain variables
specific to that unit operation.
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7.24.9 Multi-Pane PFDs
The PFD interface lets you separate the PFD property view into a
maximum of four panes. Each pane contains all the information
concerning the PFD (for example, operations and connections),
but operates independently in regards to the area of focus or
zooming.
Since each pane is simply a different representation of the
same flowsheet, you can interact across property views. In
other words, you can connect an operation in one pane to an
operation in another pane.
New panes are created using the manipulation areas located on
the border edge of the PFD property view. The PFD appears with
two borders. The manipulation areas are located along the inner
border. You can split the PFD once vertically and once
horizontally, for a maximum of four panes. Each new pane
created has its own zoom and scroll buttons. This enables the
various property views to be at different zoom levels or locations
in the overall PFD.
Multi-Pane Sizing Tool
When the cursor is over the inside border of the PFD, the pointer
changes into the multi-pane sizing tool. The symbol is rotated
90 degrees for a horizontal split.
The Status Bar in the bottom of the screen indicates the way the
split occurs.
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PFD
Figure 7.84
Each Pane has its own zoom
and scrolling buttons.
1. The third and fourth Panes
can be created by dragging
from the inside border of the
PFD property view.
2. By placing the cursor over the inside border and then dragging
horizontally, a second pane of the PFD is created.
There is no requirement for how you initially split the PFD. For
description purposes, a pane that is created by dragging
vertically is termed a horizontally split pane, and one created by
dragging horizontally is termed a vertically split pane.
Working Across Panes
The splitting of PFD panes becomes useful when the PFD is
complex and you cannot view it entirely without making it very
small. When working in split panes, remember that all the panes
interact with each other. This enables you to connect an
operation or stream in one pane to an operation or stream in
another. Changes made in one pane are made in the overall
PFD.
By creating split panes within your PFD, you can focus on
different sections of the PFD in each pane.
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Resizing or Closing Split Panes
Multi-Pane Sizing Tool
cursor
After panes are created, they can be resized or closed. To resize
or close a vertically split pane, place the cursor on the right side
of the vertical scroll bar (in the split pane). The Multi-Pane
Sizing Tool cursor appears. Drag it left or right to change the
existing property view. Dragging to the extreme right closes the
right split pane.
The procedure is the same for a horizontally split pane, except
you place the cursor on the bottom of the horizontal scroll bar
and drag up or down. Dragging to the bottom of the original PFD
property view closes the bottom split pane.
7.24.10 Exchanging XML Files
When you right-click any object on the PFD, the Object Inspect
menu appears. When you select the XML Data Exchange
command, the XML File Exchange property view appears.
Figure 7.85
Select the information you want to export or import to the XML
file by clicking the corresponding checkboxes. You can change
the file name and location by entering the new name and file
path in the File field.
Click the Export button to export the file, the Import button to
import the file, or the Cancel button to close the property view
without completing the action.
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Column
7.25 Column
This menu item only appears inside the Column environment.
The options under Column are as follows:
Refer to Chapter 2 Column Operations in
the HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
Command
Description
Column Runner
View the Column Runner.
Run
Start the Column Solver.
Reset
Reset the Column Solver.
7.26 Utilities
Refer to Chapter 14 Utilities in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
detailed information about
the individual utilities.
The utilities available in HYSYS are a set of useful tools that
interact with your process, providing additional information or
analysis of streams or operations. A utility becomes a
permanent part of the flowsheet, automatically recalculating
when conditions change in the stream or operation that it is
attached to. You can access utilities using any of the following
methods:
•
•
•
Select the Utilities command from the Tools menu.
Press the CTRL U hot key.
Click the Create button on the Utilities page of the
Attachments tab of a Stream property view.
7.26.1 Adding Utilities
There are two ways to add utilities: add the utility in the Stream
property view or in the Available Utilities property view.
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Using the Stream Property View
1. Open the property view for the stream, and go to the
Utilities page of the Attachments tab.
Not all utilities can be accessed through the Stream property
view.
Figure 7.86
2. Click the Create button. The Available Utilities property view
appears as shown on the left.
3. From the list of available utilities, select the utility you want
to add.
4. Click the Add Utility button. The property view for the
selected utility appears.
Available Utilities property
view for stream
5. Define the utility as required.
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Utilities
Using the Flowsheet
1. Select the Utilities command from the Tools menu. The
Available Utilities property view appears.
Figure 7.87
List of utilities
that are
added to the
case.
List of
available
utilities.
2. From the list of available utilities, select the utility you want
to add.
3. Click the Add Utility button. The property view for the
selected utility appears.
4. Define the utility as required.
7.26.2 Viewing Utilities
There are two ways to view utilities: from the Stream property
view or the Available Utilities property view.
The property view for a Utility can remain open
independently of the stream to which it is attached.
Using the Stream Property View
1. Open the property view for the stream.
2. Click the Attachments tab and select the Utilities page.
3. From the list of attached utilities, select the utility you want
to edit.
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4. Click the Edit button. The property view for the selected
utility appears.
Using the Flowsheet
1. Select the Utilities command from the Tools menu. The
Available Utilities property view appears.
2. From the list of attached utilities, select the utility you want
to edit.
3. Click the View Utility button. The property view for the
selected utility appears.
7.26.3 Deleting Utilities
There are two ways to delete the utilities: delete the utility in
the Stream property view or in the Available Utilities property
view.
Using the Stream Property View
1. Open the property view for the stream.
2. Click the Attachments tab, then select the Utilities page.
3. From the list of attached utilities, select the utility you want
to delete.
4. Click the Delete button. You are not prompted to confirm
the deletion of a utility.
Using the Flowsheet
1. Select the Utilities command from the Tools menu. The
Available Utilities property view appears.
2. From the list of attached utilities, select the utility you want
to delete.
3. Click the Delete Utility button. You are not prompted to
confirm the deletion of a utility.
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Utilities
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HYSYS Objects
8-1
8 HYSYS Objects
8.1 Installing Objects .......................................................................... 3
8.1.1 Install Objects Using the Object Palette ....................................... 3
8.1.2 Install Objects Using the Flowsheet Menu .................................... 5
8.2 Defining Objects ............................................................................ 6
8.2.1 Defining a Material Stream ........................................................ 6
8.2.2 Defining an Energy Stream........................................................ 7
8.2.3 Defining a Separator................................................................. 7
8.2.4 Defining a 3-Phase Separator..................................................... 8
8.2.5 Defining a Tank ........................................................................ 8
8.2.6 Defining a Cooler/Heater ........................................................... 9
8.2.7 Defining an LNG Exchanger ..................................................... 10
8.2.8 Defining a Heat Exchanger ...................................................... 11
8.2.9 Defining an Air Cooler ............................................................. 12
8.2.10 Defining a Pump................................................................... 13
8.2.11 Defining a Compressor/Expander............................................ 13
8.2.12 Defining a Compressible Gas Pipe ........................................... 14
8.2.13 Defining a Pipe Segment ....................................................... 15
8.2.14 Defining a Valve ................................................................... 16
8.2.15 Defining a Relief Valve........................................................... 17
8.2.16 Defining a Mixer ................................................................... 17
8.2.17 Defining a Tee...................................................................... 18
8.2.18 Defining a Simple Solid Separator ........................................... 18
8.2.19 Defining a Cyclone................................................................ 19
8.2.20 Defining a Hydrocyclone ........................................................ 20
8.2.21 Defining a Rotary Vacuum Filter.............................................. 21
8.2.22 Defining a Baghouse Filter ..................................................... 21
8.2.23 Defining a CSTR ................................................................... 22
8.2.24 Defining a PFR ..................................................................... 23
8.2.25 Defining a Gibbs Reactor ....................................................... 24
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HYSYS Objects
8.2.26
8.2.27
8.2.28
8.2.29
8.2.30
8.2.31
8.2.32
8.2.33
8.2.34
8.2.35
8.2.36
8.2.37
8.2.38
8.2.39
8.2.40
8.2.41
8.2.42
8.2.43
8.2.44
8.2.45
8.2.46
8.2.47
Defining an Equilibrium Reactor...............................................24
Defining a Conversion Reactor.................................................25
Defining a Neutralizer ............................................................26
Defining a Crystallizer ............................................................27
Defining a Precipitator ...........................................................28
Defining a Distillation Column .................................................29
Defining a Refluxed Absorber Column.......................................31
Defining an Absorber Column..................................................32
Defining a Reboiled Absorber Column.......................................33
Defining a Liquid-Liquid Extractor ............................................35
Defining a Three Phase Distillation Column ...............................36
Defining a Component Splitter ................................................37
Defining a Short Cut Distillation Column ...................................37
Defining an Adjust.................................................................39
Defining a Set.......................................................................39
Defining a Recycle .................................................................39
Defining a PID Controller........................................................40
Defining a Selector Block........................................................41
Defining a Balance.................................................................41
Defining a Digital Point...........................................................42
Defining a Transfer Function Block ...........................................42
Defining an MPC Controller .....................................................42
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8-3
8.1 Installing Objects
Objects are used to build your simulation within the Simulation
environment. The objects in HYSYS are streams, unit
operations, and logical operations.
To enter the Simulation environment click the Enter
Simulation Environment button or Return to Simulation
Environment button in the Basis environment.
Refer to Section 7.23.2 Installing Streams or
Operations for more
information about the
Workbook.
Use one of the following methods to install an object in your
simulation:
•
•
•
Object Palette
Workbook
Flowsheet-Add Stream/Add Operations command
8.1.1 Install Objects Using the
Object Palette
To access the Object Palette (shown on the left), select the
Object Palette command from the Flowsheet menu or press F4.
In the main flowsheet or template subflowsheet, all available
operations are accessible through the palette except those
specifically used with Columns (tray sections, reboilers, etc.). A
modified palette appears when you are inside the column
subflowsheet.
The Object Palette is organized into the following categories
from top to bottom:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Streams
Vessels (separators and tank)
Heat Transfer Equipment
Rotating Equipment (compressor, expander, pump)
Piping Equipment
Solids Handling
Reactors
Prebuilt Columns
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Installing Objects
•
•
•
Shortcut Columns
Subflowsheets
Logicals
General Buttons
Icons on the object palette with an arrow pointing to the right
are general icons (for example, the Solid Ops and General
Reactors icons) that contain sub-palettes. These sub-palettes
display icons for more specific unit operations.
As shown on the left, you can install a Gibbs Reactor, an
Equilibrium Reactor, or a Conversion Reactor from the Reactors
sub-palette.
The General Reactors icon
opens the Reactors subpalette.
Each operation has an icon and when you place the cursor
over it, a fly-by description of the operation appears below
the cursor and in the Status Bar.
You can install a single stream, unit operation, or logical
operation from the palette by double-clicking the icon for the
object you want to install. The object appears in the PFD and the
object’s property view is opened.
You can also use the Add icon at the top of the palette to install
objects.
1. Click the icon for the object you want to install.
2. Click the Add icon to insert the object in the PFD and open
the object’s property view.
Add icon
You can install same objects multiple times by using the Lock
feature.
1. Click the Lock icon at the top of the palette.
2. Click the icon of the object you want to install.
Lock icon
Cancel icon
3. Click the Add icon to install the object. With the lock feature
active, you can add as many of the selected object as
required without having to click the object icon.
4. To switch objects when in locked mode, click the Cancel icon
or click a different icon.
5. To stop the Lock function, click the Lock icon again.
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8-5
You can also use the drag-and-drop method of installing objects.
1. Click the icon of the object you want to install.
2. Move the cursor into the PFD. Your cursor changes to an
arrow with a + and a white outline of the object.
3. In the PFD, click where you want to install the object. The
object appears in the PFD (but the object’s property view
does not automatically open).
8.1.2 Install Objects Using the
Flowsheet Menu
Installing Material Streams
Select the Add Stream command from the Flowsheet menu to
install a stream in the PFD. When the stream is added to the
PFD, the stream property view opens.
You can also press the F11 hot key to quickly add a stream to
the simulation.
The Add Stream command and F11 hot key can only add
material streams.
The Object Palette can add both material and energy
streams.
Installing Operations
1. Select the Add Operation command from the Flowsheet
menu. The UnitOps property view appears.
You can press the F12 hot key to quickly open the UnitOps
property view.
Use the radio button in the Categories group to filter the list
of available unit operations making it easier to find the
operation you want to add.
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Defining Objects
2. From the list of available unit operations, click the operation
you want to install.
3. Click the Add button. The operation is added to the PFD. The
operation property view automatically opens.
For more information,
refer to the HYSYS
Operations Guide.
The following sections show steps for providing the
minimum amount of information required to define each
object.
8.2 Defining Objects
8.2.1 Defining a Material
Stream
1. Add a material stream to your simulation.
2. Click the Worksheet tab, then select the Conditions page.
3. Specify values for three of the properties in the table.
One of the specifications must be temperature or pressure.
If you specify a vapour fraction of 0 or 1, the stream is
assumed to be at the bubble point or dew point. You can also
specify vapour fractions between 0 and 1.
4. Select the Composition page.
5. Click the Edit button. The Input Composition for Stream
property view appears.
6. Click the radio button in the Composition Basis group that
indicates the basis of your composition.
7. In the table, specify the composition of your stream.
8. Click the Normalize button to ensure that your composition
adds up to 1.0 in the case of fractions.
9. Click Ok.
The status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok.
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8-7
8.2.2 Defining an Energy
Stream
1. Add an energy stream to your simulation.
2. Click the Stream tab.
3. In the Heat Flow field, specify a value for heat flow.
The status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok.
8.2.3 Defining a Separator
1. Add a separator to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the name of the
stream.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
name of the stream.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
name of the stream.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the separator cannot solve,
the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8. (Optional) Click the Parameters page and enter a pressure
difference in the Delta P field.
A default value of zero is entered for new separators, so it
solves without entering a value, but you may not get the
results you want.
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Defining Objects
8.2.4 Defining a 3-Phase
Separator
1. Add a 3-phase separator to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
7. In the Light Liquid drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. In the Heavy Liquid drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the 3-phase separator
cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the
requirements needed to solve.
9. (Optional) Click the Parameters page and enter a pressure
difference in the Delta P field. A default value of zero is
entered for new separators so it solves without entering a
value, but you may not get the results you want.
8.2.5 Defining a Tank
1. Add a tank to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field to display a
drop-down list.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
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5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the tank cannot solve, the
status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
8. (Optional) Click the Parameters page and enter a pressure
difference in the Delta P field. A default value of zero is
entered for new separators so it solves without entering a
value, but you may not get the results you want.
8.2.6 Defining a Cooler/Heater
1. Add a cooler or heater to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. In the Energy drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
For your cooler/heater to solve, you must have enough
specifications to calculate the pressure drop across the
cooler/heater and the duty of the cooler/heater.
6. Click the Parameters page and enter a pressure difference
for the cooler/heater in the Delta P field. The value is
automatically calculated if the pressure is specified for both
inlet and outlet streams.
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Defining Objects
7. In the Duty field, specify a duty for the cooler/heater. The
value is automatically calculated if the temperature is
specified for both the inlet and outlet streams.
When the cooler/heater is solved, the status bar at the bottom
of the property view turns green and displays the message Ok.
If the cooler/heater cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and
displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.7 Defining an LNG
Exchanger
1. Add an LNG exchanger to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet Streams column, click the <<stream>> field and
a drop-down list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 for the remaining inlet streams.
6. In the Outlet Streams column, click the <<stream>> field
and a drop-down list appears.
7. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
8. Repeat step 7 for the remaining outlet streams.
9. In the Pressure drop column, specify a pressure drop for
both the hot side and cold side.
10. Click the Parameters (SS) page.
11. Specify the rating method being used; heat leak/loss, pass
intervals, step type or pressure profile.
For the LNG exchanger to solve, the number of independent
unknowns must be equal to the number of constraints
(Degrees of Freedom = 0). The LNG considers constraints to
be parameters such as UA, Minimum Temperature Approach,
or a temperature difference between two streams.
12. Click the Specs (SS) page.
13. Click the Add button to display the Spec property view. In
this property view you can add a specification to define your
LNG exchanger.
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8-11
14. Repeat step 13 until the degrees of freedom equal zero.
When the degrees of freedom equal zero and all attached
streams are properly defined, the status bar at the bottom of
the property view turns green and displays the message Ok. If
the LNG exchanger cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and
displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.8 Defining a Heat
Exchanger
1. Add a heat exchanger to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Tube Side Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
4. In the Tube Side Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Shell Side Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. In the Shell Side Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. Click the Parameters page.
8. Where applicable, specify the rating method being used;
heat leak/loss, heat curve details, tube and shell side
pressure differences and UA.
For the heat exchanger to solve, the number of independent
unknowns must equal the number of constraints (Degrees of
Freedom = 0). The heat exchanger considers constraints to
be parameters such as UA, Minimum Temperature Approach,
or a temperature difference between two streams.
9. Click the Specs page.
10. Click the Add button to display the Spec property view. In
this property view, add a specification to define your heat
exchanger.
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Defining Objects
11. Repeat step 10 until degrees of freedom equal zero.
When the degrees of freedom equal zero and all attached
streams are properly defined, the status bar at the bottom of
the property view turns green and displays the message Ok. If
the heat exchanger cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and
displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.9 Defining an Air Cooler
For information about the
HTFS-ACOL tab in the Air
Cooler property view,
refer to Section 4.1 Air Cooler in the HYSYS
Operations Guide.
1. Add an air cooler to your simulation.
2. Click the Connections page of the Design tab.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
For your air cooler to solve, you must have enough
specifications to calculate the pressure drop across the air
cooler and the duty of the air cooler.
5. Click the Parameters page.
6. In the Delta P field, specify a pressure difference for the air
cooler. This value automatically calculates if the pressure is
specified for both the inlet and outlet streams.
7. Specify either the overall UA or the temperature of the
outlet air. This value automatically calculates if the
temperature is specified for both the inlet and outlet
streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the air cooler cannot solve, the
status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
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8.2.10 Defining a Pump
1. Add a pump to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. In the Energy drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
For your pump to solve, you must have enough
specifications to calculate the pressure drop across the
pump and the duty of the pump.
6. Click the Parameters page. Do one of the following:
•
•
In the Delta P field, specify a pressure difference for the
pump. This value is calculated if the pressure is specified
for both the inlet and outlet streams.
In the Duty field, specify the duty for the pump. These
values are calculated if the pressure is specified for both
the inlet and outlet streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the pump cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.11 Defining a Compressor/
Expander
1. Add a compressor/expander to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
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Defining Objects
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. In the Energy drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
For your compressor/expander to solve, you must have
enough specifications to calculate the duty of the
compressor/expander.
6. Select the Parameters page.
7. In the Duty field, specify a duty for the compressor/
expander. This value is calculated if the pressure is specified
for both the inlet and outlet streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the compressor/expander cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8.2.12 Defining a
Compressible Gas Pipe
1. Add a compressible gas pipe to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. Click the Parameters page.
6. In the Delta P field, specify a pressure difference for the
compressible gas pipe. By default a value of 25 kPa is
specified.
7. Click the Rating tab, then select the Sizing page.
Click the Add Section button to add multiple pipe sections.
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8-15
8. Specify the following parameters:
• Length
• Elevation Change
• Cells
• Roughness
• External Diameter
• Internal Diameter
9. Select the Heat Transfer page, then specify the ambient
temperature and overall heat transfer coefficient in the
corresponding fields.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the compressible gas pipe cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8.2.13 Defining a Pipe
Segment
1. Add a pipe segment to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. In the Energy drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
6. Select the Parameters page.
7. From the list of available pipe flow correlations, select the
correlation you want to use.
8. In the Delta P field, specify a pressure difference for the
pipe segment. This value is calculated if the pressure is
specified for both the inlet and outlet streams.
9. Click the Ratings tab, then select the Sizing page.
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Defining Objects
10. Click the Append Segment button to display a pipe
segment in the table. Specify the Fitting/Pipe, Length, and
Increments.
11. Click the View Segment button to display the Pipe Info
property view. Specify the pipe schedule and diameters.
12. Click the Heat Transfer page.
13. In the Specify By group, click the radio button that describes
how the heat transfer occurs in the pipe segment. Then
specify the corresponding parameters.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the pipe segment cannot solve, the
status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
8.2.14 Defining a Valve
1. Add a valve to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. Select the Parameters page.
6. Specify a pressure difference for the pipe segment in the
Delta P field. This value is calculated if the pressure is
specified for both the inlet and outlet streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the valve cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
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8.2.15 Defining a Relief Valve
1. Add a relief valve to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
5. Select the Parameters page.
Both the inlet and outlet stream pressures must be specified
for the relief valve.
6. In the Set Pressure field, specify the pressure for when the
relief valve begins to open.
7. In the Full Open Pressure field, specify the pressure for
when the relief valve is fully open.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view is either red or
yellow. When the status bar is yellow, the message ‘Valve is
Open’ displays. When the status bar is red, the message
‘material flows into a closed relief valve’ displays. This indicates
the valve is shut and no material is passing through.
8.2.16 Defining a Mixer
1. Add a mixer to your simulation.
2. Click the Connections page of the Design tab.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 for the multiple feed streams.
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Defining Objects
6. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the mixer cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.17 Defining a Tee
1. Add a tee to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Outlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
5. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
6. Repeat step 5 for the multiple outlet streams.
7. Select the Parameters page and specify flow ratios for
outlet streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the tee cannot solve, the status bar
is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.18 Defining a Simple Solid
Separator
1. Add a simple solid separator to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
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4. In the Vapour Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Liquid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. In the Solids Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. Select the Parameters page.
8. In the Delta P field, specify a pressure difference for the
solids separator. By default a value of 0.0 kPa is specified.
9. Select the Splits page, then define your stream split
according to the separation.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the solid separator cannot solve,
the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
8.2.19 Defining a Cyclone
1. Add a cyclone to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Vapour Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Solid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. Select the Parameters page.
7. In the Particle Efficiency field, specify a value for the
particle efficiency of the cyclone.
8. Select the Solids page.
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Defining Objects
9. Click the Solid Name field to open the drop-down list.
Select the solid component being separated from the
stream.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the cyclone cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
8.2.20 Defining a
Hydrocyclone
1. Add a hydrocyclone to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Liquid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Solid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. Select the Parameters page.
7. In the Particle Efficiency field, specify a value for the
particle efficiency of the cyclone.
8. Select the Solids page.
9. Click the Solid Name field to open the drop-down list.
Select the solid component being separated from the
stream.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the hydrocyclone cannot solve, the
status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
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8.2.21 Defining a Rotary
Vacuum Filter
1. Add a rotary vacuum filter to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Liquid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Solid Product drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. Click the Rating tab, then select the Sizing page.
7. In the Filter Size group, specify either the filter radius or
filter width in the corresponding field.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the rotary vacuum filter cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8.2.22 Defining a Baghouse
Filter
1. Add a baghouse filter to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
4. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. In the Solid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
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When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the baghouse filter cannot solve,
the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to
solve.
8.2.23 Defining a CSTR
1. Add a CSTR to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. In the Energy drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
9. Select the Parameters page.
10. In the Volume field, specify the volume of the reactor.
11. Click the Reactions tab, then select the Details page.
12. From the Reaction Set drop-down list, select the reaction set
being used.
13. From the Reaction drop-down list, select the reaction being
used.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the CSTR cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
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8.2.24 Defining a PFR
1. Add a PFR to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
7. Select the Parameters page.
8. In the Delta P field, specify the pressure drop across the
reactor.
9. Click the Reactions tab, then select the Overall page.
10. From the Reaction Set drop-down list, select the reaction set
being used.
11. Select the Details page.
12. From the Reaction drop-down list, select the reaction being
used.
13. Click the Rating tab, then select the Sizing page.
14. In the Tube Dimensions group, specify two of the three
following parameters:
•
•
•
Total Volume
Length
Diameter
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the PFR cannot solve, the status bar
is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
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8.2.25 Defining a Gibbs
Reactor
1. Add a Gibbs reactor to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the Gibbs reactor cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8. (Optional) Select the Parameters page and enter a
pressure difference in the Delta P field. A default value of
zero is entered for new Gibbs reactors, so your Gibbs reactor
solves without entering the value, but you do not get the
desired results.
9. (Optional) Click the Reactions tab, then select the Overall
page. In the Reactor type group, click the corresponding
radio button for the type of reactor you want to model.
8.2.26 Defining an Equilibrium
Reactor
1. Add an equilibrium reactor to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
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4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. Click the Reactions tab, then select the Details page.
9. From the Reaction Set drop-down list, select the reaction set
containing the reaction being used.
10. From the Reaction drop-down list, select the reaction being
used.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the equilibrium reactor
cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the
requirements needed to solve.
11. (Optional) Click the Design tab, then select the
Parameters page. In the Delta P field, enter a pressure
difference. A default value of zero is entered for new
equilibrium reactors, so your equilibrium reactor solves
without entering a value, but you may not get the desired
results.
8.2.27 Defining a Conversion
Reactor
1. Add a conversion reactor to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
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6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. Click the Reactions tab, then select the Details page.
9. From the Reaction Set drop-down list, select the reaction set
containing the reaction being used.
10. From the Reaction drop-down list, select the reaction being
used.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the conversion reactor
cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the
requirements needed to solve.
11. (Optional) Click the Design tab, then select the
Parameters page. In the Delta P field, enter a pressure
difference. A default value of zero is entered for new
conversion reactors, so your conversion reactor solves
without entering a value, but you do not get the desired
results.
8.2.28 Defining a Neutralizer
This operation can only be used with a fluid package that
uses the electrolyte property package.
1. Add a neutralizer to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Reagent Stream drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
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7. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the neutralizer cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
9. (Optional) Select the Parameters page. In the Delta P
field, enter a pressure difference. A default value of zero is
entered for new neutralizers, so your neutralizer solves
without entering a value, but you may not get the desired
results.
8.2.29 Defining a Crystallizer
This operation can only be used with a fluid package that
uses the electrolyte property package.
1. Add a crystallizer to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the crystallizer cannot
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solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8. (Optional) Select the Parameters page. In the Delta P
field, enter a pressure difference. A default value of zero is
entered for new crystallizers, so your crystallizer solves
without having to enter a value, but you may not get the
desired results.
8.2.30 Defining a Precipitator
This operation can only be used with a fluid package that
uses the electrolyte property package.
1. Add a precipitator to your simulation.
2. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
3. In the Inlets list, click the <<stream>> field and a dropdown list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Reagent Stream drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
8. In the Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green
and displays the message Ok. If the precipitator cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
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9. (Optional) Select the Parameters page. In the Delta P
field, enter a pressure difference. A default value of zero is
entered for new precipitators, so your precipitator solves
without entering a value, but you may not get the desired
results.
8.2.31 Defining a Distillation
Column
Use this procedure to define a distillation column using the input
expert:
1. Add a distillation column to your simulation.
2. In the # Stages field, specify the number of trays in the
column.
3. In the Inlet Streams list, click the <<stream>> field and a
drop-down list appears.
4. From the drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or click
the space at the top of the list and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple feed streams.
6. In the Inlet Stage column, use the drop-down list to select
what stage the stream is entering the column.
7. In the Condenser Energy Stream drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
8. In the Condenser group, click the condenser type radio
button that you want to use for the column. Depending on
the selection, select a pre-defined stream or click the space
at the top of the list and type the stream name for the
following:
•
•
•
Total. Specify in the Ovhd Liquid Outlet drop-down list.
Partial. Specify in the Ovhd Outlets drop-down list.
Full Rflx. Specify in the Ovhd Vapour Outlet drop-down
list.
9. In the Reboiler Energy stream drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
10. In the Bottoms Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
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11. Click the Next button.
12. In the Condenser Pressure field, enter the pressure in the
condenser.
13. In the Condenser Pressure Drop field, enter the pressure
drop across the condenser.
14. In the Reboiler Pressure field, enter the pressure in the
reboiler.
15. Click the Next button.
16. (Optional) Enter temperature values for the condenser, top
stage, and reboiler.
17. Click the Next button.
18. (Optional) Enter a product flow rate and a reflux ratio.
19. Click Done to display the Column property view.
For the distillation column to solve, the number of
independent unknowns must be equal to the number of
constraints (Degrees of Freedom = 0). The distillation
column considers constraints to be parameters such as
product draw rates, tray temperatures, or reflux ratio.
20. Click the Design tab, then select the Specs page.
21. Click the Add button to display the Spec property view. In
this property view, add a specification to define your
distillation column. Repeat this step until the degrees of
freedom equal zero.
Select the Monitor page of the Design tab to see the degrees
of freedom the column has and manage the specifications in
the column.
When the degrees of freedom equal zero and all attached
streams are properly defined, the status bar at the bottom of
the property view turns green and displays the message Ok. If
the distillation column cannot solve, the status bar is red and
displays Unconverged.
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8.2.32 Defining a Refluxed
Absorber Column
Use this procedure to define a refluxed absorber column using
the input expert:
1. Add a refluxed absorber column to your simulation.
2. In the # Stages field, type the number of trays for the
column.
3. In the Bottom Stage Inlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
4. In the Condenser Energy Stream drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
5. In the Condenser group, click the condenser type radio
button being used for the column. Depending on the
selection, in the Ovhd Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream names for the following:
• Total
• Partial
• Full Rflx
6. In the Bottoms Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
7. Click the Next button.
8. In the Condenser Pressure field, enter the pressure in the
condenser.
9. In the Condenser Pressure Drop field, enter the pressure
drop across the condenser.
10. In the Reboiler Pressure field, enter the pressure in the
reboiler.
11. Click the Next button.
12. (Optional) Enter temperature values for the condenser, top
stage, and reboiler.
13. Click the Next button.
14. (Optional) Enter the product flow rate and a reflux ratio.
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15. Click Done to display the Column property view.
For the refluxed absorber column to solve, the number of
independent unknowns must equal the number of
constraints (Degrees of Freedom = 0). The refluxed
absorber column property views constraints as parameters
such as product draw rates, tray temperatures, or reflux
ratio.
16. Click the Design tab, then select the Specs page.
17. Click the Add button to display the Spec property view and
add a specification to define your refluxed absorber column.
Select the Monitor page of the Design tab to see how many
degrees of freedom the column has and manage the
specifications in the column.
18. Repeat step 17 until the degrees of freedom equal zero.
When the degrees of freedom equal zero and all attached
streams are properly defined, the status bar at the bottom of
the property view turns green and displays the message Ok. If
the refluxed absorber column cannot solve, the status bar is red
and displays Unconverged.
8.2.33 Defining an Absorber
Column
Use this procedure to define an absorber column using the input
expert:
1. Add an absorber column to your simulation.
2. In the # Stages field, type the number of trays in the
column.
3. In the Top Stg Reflux group, click the radio button being
used for the column. Depending on the selection, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream names for the following:
•
Liquid Inlet. Specify in the Top Stage Inlet drop-down
list.
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•
Pump-around. Specify in the Draw Stage drop-down
list.
4. In the Bottom Stage Inlet column, use the drop-down list to
specify at what stage the stream enters the column.
5. In the Ovhd Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
6. In the Bottoms Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
7. Click the Next button.
8. In the Top Stage Pressure field, type the pressure in the
condenser.
9. In the Bottom Stage Pressure field, enter the pressure in
the reboiler.
10. Click the Next button.
11. (Optional) Enter temperature values for the top stage and
bottom stage.
12. Click Done to display the Column property view.
When all attached streams are properly defined, the status bar
at the bottom of the property view turns green and displays the
message Ok. If the absorber column cannot solve, the status
bar is red and displays Unconverged.
8.2.34 Defining a Reboiled
Absorber Column
Use this procedure to define a reboiled absorber column using
the input expert:
1. Add a reboiled absorber column to your simulation.
2. In the # Stages field, specify the number of trays in the
column.
3. In the Top Stg Reflux group, click the radio button being
used for the column. Depending on the selection, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name for the following:
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•
Liquid Inlet. Specify in the Top Stage Inlet drop-down
list.
• Pump-around. Specify in the Draw Stage drop-down
list.
4. In the Ovhd Vapour Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
5. In the Reboiler Energy Stream drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
6. In the Bottoms Liquid Outlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
7. Click the Next button.
8. In the Top Stage Pressure field, type the pressure in the
condenser.
9. In the Reboiler Pressure field, type the pressure in the
reboiler.
10. Click the Next button.
11. (Optional) Enter temperature values for the top stage and
reboiler.
12. Click the Next button.
13. (Optional) Enter a boilup ratio.
14. Click Done to display the Column property view.
For the reboiled absorber column to solve, the number of
independent unknowns must equal the number of
constraints (Degrees of Freedom = 0). The reboiled absorber
column property views constraints as parameters such as
product draw rates, tray temperatures, or reflux ratio.
15. Click the Design tab, then select the Specs page.
16. Click the Add button to display the Spec property view.
From this property view, add a specification to define your
refluxed absorber column.
Click the Monitor page of the Design tab to see how many
degrees of freedom the column has and manage the
specifications in the column.
17. Repeat step 16 until degrees of freedom equals zero.
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When the degrees of freedom equal zero and attached streams
are properly defined, the status bar at the bottom of the
property view turns green and displays the message Ok. If the
reboiled absorber column cannot solve, the status bar is red and
displays Unconverged.
8.2.35 Defining a Liquid-Liquid
Extractor
Use this procedure to define a liquid-liquid extractor using the
input expert:
1. Add a liquid-liquid extractor to your simulation.
2. In the # Stages field, specify the number of trays in the
column.
3. In the Top Stage Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
4. In the Bottom Stage Inlet drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
5. In the Ovhd Light Liquid drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. In the Bottoms Heavy Liquid drop-down list, select a predefined stream or click the space at the top of the list and
type the stream name.
7. Click the Next button.
8. In the Top Stage Pressure field, enter the pressure in the
condenser.
9. In the Bottom Stage Pressure field, enter the pressure in
the reboiler.
10. Click the Next button.
11. (Optional) Enter temperature values for the top stage and
bottom stage.
12. Click Done to display the Column property view.
When all attached streams are properly defined, the status bar
at the bottom of the property view turns green and displays the
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message Ok. If the liquid-liquid extractor cannot solve, the
status bar is red and displays Unconverged.
8.2.36 Defining a Three Phase
Distillation Column
Use this procedure to define a three phase distillation column
using the input expert:
1. Add a three phase distillation column to your simulation.
2. Click one of the following radio buttons for the column you
want to model:
• Distillation
• Refluxed Absorber
• Reboiled Absorber
• Absorber
3. Click the Next button.
4. In the Two Liquid Phase Check group, select the stages you
want to check for two liquid phases.
5. Click the Next button.
6. In the Condenser Energy Stream drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
7. Use the radio buttons in the Condenser type, Outlet
Streams, and Reflux Streams groups to specify the
condenser configuration of the column.
8. In the remaining drop-down lists, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
9. Click the Next button.
10. (Optional) Specify the flow rates for entering and leaving the
condenser.
11. Click the Next button to display the Input Expert property
view for the selected column.
12. Follow the sections outlined for each of the columns above to
complete the three phase distillation column.
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8.2.37 Defining a Component
Splitter
1. Add a component splitter to your simulation.
2. In the Inlet Streams list, select a pre-defined stream from
the drop-down list, or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
3. Repeat step 2 if you have multiple feed streams.
4. In the Energy Streams list, select a pre-defined stream from
the drop-down list, or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
5. Repeat step 4 if you have multiple energy streams.
6. In the Overhead Outlet list, click the <<stream>> field to
display the drop-down list. From the drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
7. Repeat step 6 if you have multiple outlet streams.
8. In the Bottoms Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
9. Select the Splits page.
10. Specify the split fraction for each of the overhead streams.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the component splitter cannot
solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the requirements
needed to solve.
8.2.38 Defining a Short Cut
Distillation Column
1. Add a short cut distillation column to your simulation.
2. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
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3. From the Top Product Phase group, select whether you want
the overhead product to be vapour or liquid.
4. Then specify the following by selecting a pre-defined stream
or clicking the space at the top of the list and typing the
stream name:
• Liquid. Specify in the Distillate drop-down list.
• Vapour. Specify in the Overhead Vapour drop-down list.
5. In the Condenser Duty drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
6. In the Reboiler Duty drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
7. In the Bottoms drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream
or click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
8. Select the Parameters page.
9. Click the down arrow icon
in the Light Key in Bottoms
cell under the Component column. From the drop-down list
of available components, select the component to use for the
light key.
10. In the Light Key in Bottoms cell under the Mole Fraction
column, specify the mole fraction of the key component.
11. Click the down arrow icon
in the Heavy Key in Distillate
cell under the Component column. From the list of available
components, select the component to use for the heavy key.
12. In the Heavy Key in Distillate cell under the Mole Fraction
column, specify the mole fraction of the key component.
13. In the Condenser Pressure field, specify the pressure at
the condenser.
14. In the Reboiler Pressure field, specify the pressure at the
reboiler.
15. In the External Reflux Ratio field, specify the external
reflux ratio.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the short cut distillation column
cannot solve, the status bar is yellow and displays the
requirements needed to solve.
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8.2.39 Defining an Adjust
1. Add an adjust to your simulation.
2. In the Adjusted Variable group, click the Select Var button
to display the Select Variable property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
4. In the Target Variable group, click the Select Var button to
display the Select Variable property view.
5. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
6. In the Target Value group, enter either a user specified value
or a value from another object.
7. Click the Start button to start the solver.
8.2.40 Defining a Set
1. Add a set to your simulation.
2. In the Target Variable group, click the Select Var button to
display the Select Variable property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
4. In the Source Object drop-down list, select a pre-defined
stream or click the space at the top of the list and type the
stream name.
5. Click the Parameters tab.
6. Specify either the multiplier or offset in the appropriate field.
The parameter that is not specified is automatically
calculated.
8.2.41 Defining a Recycle
1. Add a recycle to your simulation.
2. In the Inlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
8-39
8-40
Defining Objects
3. In the Outlet drop-down list, select a pre-defined stream or
click the space at the top of the list and type the stream
name.
8.2.42 Defining a PID
Controller
1. Add a PID controller to your simulation.
2. In the Process Variable Source group, click the Select Var
button to display the Select Variable property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
4. In the Output Target Object group, click the Select OP
button to display the Select OP Object property view.
5. Select the object you want to use and click OK.
6. Click the Parameters tab, then select the Configuration
page.
7. Click either the Reverse or Direct action radio button.
8. In the Kc field, specify a value for the controller gain.
9. In the Ti field, specify a value for the integral time, if
required.
10. In the Td field, specify a value for the derivative time, if
required.
11. In the PV Minimum field, specify the minimum process
variable value.
12. In the PV Maximum field, specify the maximum process
variable value.
13. From the mode drop-down list, select one of the following
options for the mode of the controller:
•
•
•
14. In
Man
Auto Indicator
Off
the SP field, specify the set point for the controller.
8-40
HYSYS Objects
8-41
8.2.43 Defining a Selector
Block
1. Add a selector block to your simulation.
2. Click the Add PV button to display the Select Input PV
property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
4. Repeat steps #2 and #3 for each process variable you want
to use.
5. Click the Select PV button to display the Select Input PV
property view.
6. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
8.2.44 Defining a Balance
1. Add a balance to your simulation.
2. Click the Connections tab.
3. In the Inlet Streams list, click the <<stream>> field to
display a drop-down list. From the drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
4. Repeat step 3 if you have multiple feed streams.
5. In the Outlet Streams list, click the <<stream>> field to
display a drop-down list. From the drop-down list, select a
pre-defined stream or click the space at the top of the list
and type the stream name.
6. Repeat step 5 if you have multiple outlet streams.
7. Click the Parameters tab.
8. In the Balance Type group, select the balance type you want
to use.
When all of the attached streams are properly defined, the
status bar at the bottom of the property view turns green and
displays the message Ok. If the balance cannot solve, the status
bar is yellow and displays the requirements needed to solve.
8-41
8-42
Defining Objects
8.2.45 Defining a Digital Point
1. Add a digital point to your simulation.
2. In the Output Target Object group, click the Select OP
button to display the Select OP Object property view.
3. Select the object you want to use.
4. Click OK.
8.2.46 Defining a Transfer
Function Block
1. Add a transfer function block to your simulation.
2. In the Transformed PV Target group, click the Select PV
button to display the Select Output PV property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use.
4. Click OK.
5. Click the Parameters tab, then select the Configuration
page.
6. Specify a value for the input variable in the Constant PV
field.
8.2.47 Defining an MPC
Controller
1. Add an MPC controller to your simulation.
2. In the Process Variable Source group, click the Select PV
button to display the Select Input PV property view.
3. Select the object and the variable you want to use.
4. Click OK.
5. In the Output Target Object group, click the Select OP
button to display the Select OP Object property view.
6. Select the object and the variable you want to use and click
OK.
7. Click the Control Valve button to display the Control Valve
property view.
8-42
HYSYS Objects
8-43
8. Depending on what type of stream the output object is,
specify the minimum and maximum variables and then close
the property view.
9. Click the Parameters tab, then select the Configuration
page.
10. In the PV Min and Max group, specify minimum and
maximum values for the process variables.
8-43
8-44
Defining Objects
8-44
Print Options
9-1
9 Print Options
9.1 Introduction................................................................................... 2
9.2 Printing in HYSYS........................................................................... 3
9.2.1
9.2.2
9.2.3
9.2.4
9.2.5
Menu Bar Options..................................................................... 3
Printing Datasheets .................................................................. 4
Printing the PFD ....................................................................... 6
Printing Plots ........................................................................... 6
Printer Setup ........................................................................... 7
9.3 Reports .......................................................................................... 8
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
Creating a Report ..................................................................... 9
Editing a Report ..................................................................... 13
Deleting a Report ................................................................... 13
Report Format & Layout .......................................................... 13
Text Report Format................................................................. 15
Printing & Previewing Reports .................................................. 17
9.4 Printing the PFD as a File ............................................................. 17
9-1
9-2
Introduction
9.1 Introduction
In HYSYS, you can transcribe process information concerning
your simulation case using printing features. You can create
printed reports ranging from basic data to comprehensive
summaries. There are two primary printing options in HYSYS:
•
•
Object Specific
Reports
Object Specific printing relates to the current object of focus in
the simulation case. For instance, if the Separator property view
is active, you can print a Snapshot of that property view as seen
on your monitor or print out a Datasheet specific to the unit
operation. A Datasheet displays object related information that
can include input specifications and calculated results. Each
object within HYSYS has at least one Datasheet available, with
many objects also having condensed versions of the full
Datasheet.
Printing reports deal with more extensive information sets.
When creating a report, you collect the Datasheets of multiple
objects into one document. HYSYS enables you to select any
Datasheet for any object currently in your simulation case. For
each report created, you can customize the page setup.
Both primary printing features are accessed through the menu
bar, however, Object Specific printing is also available through
the Object Inspect menu. By right-clicking the Title Bar of an
object, you can preview and print its associated Datasheet.
The Report property view can remain open while you manipulate
your flowsheet. If changes occur that affect the values shown in
a Datasheet, you can easily update the information.
9-2
Print Options
9-3
9.2 Printing in HYSYS
In HYSYS, you can print information in one of three ways:
Refer to Section 9.2.1 Menu Bar Options for
details.
Refer to Section 9.3 Reports for details on the
Report Manager.
Method
Description
Menu Bar
Select one of the options under the File menu.
Object
Inspect
menu
Right-click the Title Bar of a property view and select the
Print Datasheet command from the menu. This is the same
as selecting the Print command from the File menu.
Report
Manager
In the Simulation environment, from the Tools menu, select
Reports. This opens the Report Manager property view.
9.2.1 Menu Bar Options
The HYSYS printing options found in the File in the menu are as
follows:
Refer to Section 9.2.2 Printing Datasheets for
more detail.
Refer to Section 9.3.6 Printing & Previewing
Reports for details.
Option
Description
Print
Lists the available Datasheet(s) for the currently active
object. You can select a Datasheet and either preview or print
it.
Print
Window
Snapshot
Prints a bitmap of the currently active HYSYS property view.
Use this command when you want to print a property view
that does not have a Datasheet associated with it (for
example, a table such as a Column Profiles table).
Printer
Setup
With this command, you can select either the Graphic
Printer or the Report Printer. This enables you to select the
printer, paper orientation, paper size and source.
Figure 9.1
9-3
9-4
Printing in HYSYS
9.2.2 Printing Datasheets
When you select the Print command, the Select Datablocks to
Print property view appears and HYSYS prepares to print the
Datasheets for the property view that currently has focus. For
example, this could be a Workbook tab, a Stream, a Unit
Operation or a Utility. If you are currently in an area where
printing is not available (for example, the Reaction Package
property view), the Select Datablocks to Print property view
appears with no Datasheets available.
All default and customized Workbook pages have Datasheets
available.
The Select Datablocks to Print appears as follows.
Figure 9.2
Select the Datasheets
by selecting the
appropriate checkbox.
Click the Select All button to include
all the Datasheets. The Invert
Selection button reverses the
selection.
Prints the selected
Datasheets.
Selects the output
format. If selected,
HYSYS prints the
Datasheet to an ASCII
file.
Set the Datasheet preferences and
recall the preferred selection.
Displays a Preview of
the selected
Datasheets.
Click the Set Preferences button to save the Datasheet
selections set in the HYSYS preferences. This allows you to use
the same settings for each type of object. For example, if you
print the same Datasheets for every stream in your case, use
the Set Preferences button to save the settings for the first
stream and the Use Preferences button to load the settings into
each of the remaining streams.
9-4
Print Options
Refer to Section 12.4 Reports Tab for more
details.
9-5
The default Datasheet selections are set in the Session
Preferences.
The active location in the flowsheet determines which
Datasheets are available. In this case, the active location is a
Workbook, so the only available options pertain to the
Workbook. The All Pages Datasheet displays all the information
in the Workbook. Only the variables present on the Workbook
tabs appear in the Datasheets.
There are particular Datasheets for certain operations. For
example, a column tray section has a Tray Section
Component Summary and a Datasheet; a Strip Chart has a
Strip Chart Variables and Historical Data Datasheet.
Click the Preview button to open the Report Preview property
view as shown below.
Figure 9.3
Change the
Datasheet
format.
Prints the currently displayed Datasheet.
You can
zoom-in to
get a closeup view of
your
document or
zoom-out to
see more of
the page at a
reduced size.
9-5
9-6
Printing in HYSYS
9.2.3 Printing the PFD
To print the PFD, right-click on an empty area of the PFD to
display the Object Inspect menu shown in the figure on the left.
Alternatively, you can select Print from the File menu when
the PFD has focus.
There are three print related functions available:
For more information
refer to Section 9.4 Printing the PFD as a
File.
Option
Description
Print PFD
Prints the PFD as it appears on the screen. Only the
sections visible within the PFD property view are printed.
Any tables that you add are also printed. When you select
this command, the PFD is printed without accessing any
further menus.
Print Setup
Accesses the Windows Print Setup. You can set the printer,
the paper orientation, the paper size and paper source.
Print to PFD
to File
Prints the entire PFD to a file.
All items (Streams, Operations, Text, and PFD Tables) included
in the PFD property view can be printed. You can also use the
Print Snapshot command under the File menu to print the PFD
when it has focus.
9.2.4 Printing Plots
To print a plot, right-click on the plot area to display the Object
Inspect menu as shown on the left. Select one of the following
two printing options from the menu:
Object
Description
Print Plot
Prints the plot as it appears on the screen.
For information on setting the appearance of plots, refer to
Section 10.4 - Graph Control.
Plot Object Inspect menu
Print Setup
Accesses the Windows Print Setup. You can set the printer,
the paper orientation, the paper size and paper source.
9-6
Print Options
9-7
9.2.5 Printer Setup
The Print Setup property view is accessed by selecting Printer
Setup from the File menu. The sub-menu provides two
additional commands:
Figure 9.4
Printer
Description
Graphic
Printer
The Graphic Printer is used to print the PFD, Plots, Strip
Charts and Snapshots.
Report Printer
The Report Printer is used to print Datasheets, Reports
and Text.
If the Print Setup property view is accessed by right-clicking (in
other words, through the PFD Object Inspect menu), HYSYS
defaults to the appropriate printer according to the active
location in the flowsheet.
The layout of the Print Setup property view varies depending
on the selected printer. You can also modify the default
properties for the selected printer by clicking the Properties
button.
9-7
9-8
Reports
Figure 9.5
9.3 Reports
Within a simulation case, you can print stream and operation
Datasheets using the print function, however, this only enables
you to print Datasheets for a single object at a time. By using
the Report Manager, you can combine multiple Datasheets for
streams and operations in a single report and print the entire
document. You can also format the display of the report to meet
your requirements.
The Report Manager can only be accessed in the Simulation
environment.
9-8
Print Options
9-9
The Report Manager is accessed by selecting Reports from the
Tools menu, or by using the hot key combination CTRL R.
Figure 9.6
Shows the Reports
installed in the
simulation case.
Report1 is a default
name, Second
Report is a user
specified name.
All reports created for
the simulation are
listed in the Available
Reports group.
Opens the Report
Builder property view
for creating new
reports.
Updates and
prints the selected
Report.
Selects the
output format. If
selected, HYSYS
prints the
Datasheet to an
ASCII file.
Opens the Report
Builder property view
so you can edit the
selected Report.
Displays a Preview
of the Report.
Deletes the selected
Report.
9.3.1 Creating a Report
Click the Create button in the Report Manager to open the
Report Builder property view for creating a new report.
Figure 9.7
By default, it is
named Report1.
You can type a
new name in this
field.
Displays the
current
number of
pages in the
report.
Allows you to add
available
Datasheets to the
report.
Removes a
selected
Datasheet
from the
report.
Allows you to edit the
selection made for the
selected Datasheet.
Allows you to rearrange the list in the Report
Datasheets group. The selected Datasheet is
moved up or down within the list.
The Printing group provides the same functions as what you find
in the Report Manager.
9-9
9-10
Reports
Inserting a Datasheet
Click the Insert Datasheet button in the Report Builder property
view to open the Select Datablocks for Datasheet property view
as shown below.
Figure 9.8
The property view is divided into the Source for Datablocks and
Available Datablocks groups. The Source for Datablocks Group
contains a list of available flowsheets and the following radio
buttons:
•
•
Pick a Specific Object by Name
Pick All Objects of a Given Type
To return to the Report Builder property view without adding
a Datasheet, click the Cancel button.
The information contained within the group changes depending
on the radio button selected.
The Available Datablocks group lists the datablocks that can be
added to the report.
Pick a Specific Object by Name
When the Pick a Specific Object by Name radio button is
selected, the Objects list and Filter group appear as shown in
Figure 9.8. This allows you to insert individual Datasheets for
9-10
Print Options
9-11
any object that is present in the simulation case.
To add a Datasheet to your report, do the following:
1. From the list of available flowsheets, click the flowsheet
containing the objects you want to add to the Datasheet.
Use the Filter to narrow the search list of available objects.
2. From the list of available objects, select an object.
3. In the Available Datablocks tree browser, all datablocks
available for the selected flowsheet object appear. Select the
datablocks you want to add to the report by clicking in their
corresponding checkboxes.
Expand some of branches in the tree browser by clicking the
Plus icon
to reveal more datablocks.
4. Click the Add button to add the datablocks with checkmarks
to the report.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 4 for each Datasheet that you want to add
to the report.
6. Click the Done button when all Datasheets are added.
Pick All Objects of a Given Type
When the Pick All Objects of a Given Type radio button is
selected, the list of available object types appears as shown in
the figure below. This enables you to insert Datasheets for all
9-11
9-12
Reports
object types in the simulation case.
Figure 9.9
To add a group of Datasheets, do the following:
1. From the list of available flowsheets, select the flowsheet
containing the objects you want to add the Datasheet.
2. In the list of available object types, select an object type (for
example, material stream or compressor). To expand the
tree browser and view the branch-items, click the Plus icon
.
For the selected object type, add Datasheets to the report for
objects that reside within subflowsheets. Select the Include
Sub-Flowsheets checkbox.
3. In the Available Datablocks tree browser, all datablocks
available for the selected flowsheet object appear. Select the
datablocks you want to add to the report by clicking the
corresponding checkbox.
4. Click the Add button to add the datablocks with checkmarks
to the report.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 6 for each Datasheet being added to the
report.
6. When all Datasheets are added, click the Done button.
Editing a Datasheet
1. From the list of available report Datasheets in the Report
9-12
Print Options
9-13
Builder property view, select the Datasheet you want to edit.
Refer to the section
Inserting a Datasheet
for more information
about the Select
Datablocks for Datasheet
property view.
2. Click the Edit Datasheet button to open the Select
Datablocks for Datasheet property view.
3. Use this property view to edit the Datasheet.
Removing a Datasheet
1. From the list of available report Datasheet in the Report
Builder property view, click the Datasheet you want to
delete.
2. Click the Remove Datasheet button. You are not prompted
to confirm the deletion of the Datasheet.
9.3.2 Editing a Report
1. From the list of available reports in the Report Manager
property view, click the report you want to edit.
Refer to Section 9.3.1 Creating a Report for
more information about
the Report Builder
property view.
2. Click the Edit button to open the Report Builder property
view.
9.3.3 Deleting a Report
1. From the list of available reports in the Report Manager
property view, click the report you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button. You are not prompted to confirm
the deletion of the Datasheet.
9.3.4 Report Format & Layout
When the Text to File checkbox in the Report Builder and
Report Manager property views is clear, the Format/Layout
button appears. Click this button to open the Report Format and
Layout property view. This property view displays the options
9-13
9-14
Reports
available for customizing the format and layout of your report.
Figure 9.10
Specify the distance
between each border
and the edge of the
report page. Default
units correspond to the
page width and height
units.
Specification values for the page size and orientation.
9-14
Print Options
9-15
The following options in the Format group allow you to
determine how the data will appear in the report:
Field
Description
Shading
When selected, the headers, footers and titles are
shaded.
Line Number
When selected, line numbers appear on the left side of
each page.
Thick Borders
When selected, the report borders are thicker than the
other lines in the report.
Indicate User
Specified
When selected, any user specified values in the
Datasheet are indicated with an asterisk “*”.
Start Datasheet
on New Page
When selected, each Datasheet starts on a new page.
Empty Text
Specify what displays in the report when there is no
value available. The default is ---.
Unit Set
Select the unit set you want your report to use. This
gives you the option of printing reports with different
unit sets than your case. For example, your case may
be in SI, but you require your report to be in Field
units.
Click the Set Preferences button to save your format selections
in HYSYS preferences. This enables you to use the same settings
for each report you create. Click the Use Preferences button to
load the settings into any future reports.
Refer to Section 12.4 Reports Tab for more
details.
The default report format is set in the Session Preferences.
9.3.5 Text Report Format
When the Text to File checkbox in the Report Builder and
Report Manager property views is selected, the Delimited
checkbox is available and the Format button appears.
•
•
Select the Delimited checkbox if you want your text file
to be text delimited.
Click the Format button to open the Text Format property
view. This property view displays the options for
formatting your text file.
9-15
9-16
Reports
Figure 9.11
The items in the Options When Delimited group allow you to
control how data appears in the report:
Field
Description
Text is Delimited
When selected, the text file will be delimited.
Title Description
Visible
When selected, a title is added to the text file. The title
includes the name of the object and the tabs in the
report.
Header Field
Visible
When selected, a header is added to the text file. The
header includes the company information and the date
the file was created.
Footer Field
Visible
When selected, a footer is added to the text file. The
footer includes the HYSYS version and build number.
Fields Padded for
Alignment
When selected, spaces are added between each field to
align the fields in the report.
Disable Column
Wrapping
When selected, column wrapping is disabled. This
means that text running past the edge of the page
does not wrap onto the next line.
Empty Text
Specify what you want to display in the report when
there is no value available. The default is ---.
Delimiter
Specify what you want to use as the delimiter in your
text file. The HYSYS default is ‘,’.
From the Unit Set drop-down list, select the unit set you want
your report to use. This gives you the option of printing reports
with different unit sets than in your case. For example, your
case may be in SI, but you can print the report in Field units.
Click the Set Preferences button to save the format selections
you defined in HYSYS preferences. This allows you to use the
same settings for each report you create. Click the Use
Preferences button to load the settings into subsequent reports.
9-16
Print Options
Refer to Section 12.4 Reports Tab for more
details.
Refer to Section 9.2.2 Printing Datasheets for
more information
regarding the Print
Preview property view.
9-17
The default report format is set in the Session Preferences.
9.3.6 Printing & Previewing
Reports
A report can be printed or previewed from either the Report
Manager property view or the Report Builder property view.
Click the Print button in either of these property views and the
entire report is updated and printed.
When you preview a report, a print button is available on the
preview screen so you can print directly from the preview.
9.4 Printing the PFD as a
File
You can use HYSYS to create an ASCII Drawing Interchange File
(DXF) representing the HYSYS PFD. The *.dxf file can then be
read into AutoCAD. By default, the file created is called pfd.dxf
and contains the entire PFD regardless of what is visible on the
screen. A different layer is generated for each of the following
groups:
•
•
•
•
•
Physical unit operations (pfdOP)
Logical unit operations (pfdLOGICOP)
Streams (pfdSTREAM)
Stream labels (pfdLABEL)
Table or other text (pfdTABLE)
Each layer is created using standard AUTOCAD blocks.
To open the *.dxf file in AutoCAD Release 14, select DXF in
the Files of Type drop-down list on the File Open property
view.
9-17
9-18
Printing the PFD as a File
To create a *.dxf file in HYSYS, do the following:
1. Right-click the PFD and select Print PFD to File from the
Object Inspect menu.
Figure 9.12
2. Select Print to DXF File from the sub-menu. A standard
windows file selection property view appears.
3. Select the path and file name for the *.dxf file.
You can also right-click the PFD and select Print PFD to File
- Setup DXF File. This opens the Setup DXF property view.
This property view enables you to set which layers are sent
to the file. Click the Print button, define the file location,
and click the Save button.
Figure 9.13
9-18
Print Options
9-19
An example of a pfd.dxf exported to AutoCAD appears below:
Figure 9.14
Included in the directory \HYSYS\Support\ is a header file
named autocad.hdr. If you have trouble transferring the *.dxf
into AutoCAD, changes may be needed in this header file. The
default version of the header file may not be compatible with
certain versions of AutoCAD and therefore, may need to be
manipulated.
To check the header file, follow the steps below:
1. Start a completely new AutoCAD drawing.
2. Verify that the custom corporate title blocks and border are
not in the blank drawing used to generate the test header.
3. Save the blank drawing as a *.dxf file using AutoCAD’s
DXFOUT command.
4. Compare the *.dxf file of the blank drawing to the
AutoCAD.hdr supplied with HYSYS.
9-19
9-20
Printing the PFD as a File
9-20
Edit Options
10-1
10 Edit Options
10.1 Introduction................................................................................. 3
10.2 Edit Menu ..................................................................................... 3
10.3 Editing the PFD ............................................................................ 4
10.3.1 PFD Menu.............................................................................. 5
10.3.2 Object Inspect Menu ............................................................... 6
10.3.3 PFD Tools .............................................................................. 7
10.3.4 Selecting PFD Objects ........................................................... 13
10.3.5 Deselecting PFD Objects ........................................................ 15
10.3.6 Moving Objects .................................................................... 15
10.3.7 Auto Positioning ................................................................... 16
10.3.8 Aligning Icons ...................................................................... 17
10.3.9 Auto Snap Align ................................................................... 17
10.3.10 Sizing Objects .................................................................... 18
10.3.11 Swapping Connections......................................................... 19
10.3.12 Transforming Icons, Labels, & Annotations ............................. 20
10.3.13 Changing Icons .................................................................. 21
10.3.14 Publish Stream/Operation .................................................... 23
10.3.15 PFD Navigation................................................................... 24
10.3.16 Stream Routing .................................................................. 25
10.3.17 Rebuilding the PFD.............................................................. 31
10.3.18 Connecting Streams & Operations ......................................... 31
10.3.19 Disconnecting Streams & Operations ..................................... 35
10.3.20 Cut/Paste Functions ............................................................ 38
10.3.21 Stream Label Options .......................................................... 41
10.3.22 Annotations & Labels........................................................... 42
10.3.23 Hiding PFD Objects ............................................................. 45
10.3.24 Printing the PFD ................................................................. 46
10-1
10-2
Edit Options
10.4 Graph Control .............................................................................46
10.4.1
10.4.2
10.4.3
10.4.4
10.4.5
Data Page Tab.......................................................................47
Axes Tab ..............................................................................48
Title Tab...............................................................................51
Legend Tab...........................................................................52
Plot Area Tab ........................................................................53
10.5 Format Editor..............................................................................55
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Edit Options
10-3
10.1 Introduction
This chapter explains the commands that are available through
the Edit menu and provides information on editing PFD objects.
You can access the Edit menu commands in three ways:
•
•
•
Select the Edit menu in the menu bar.
Use the ALT key in combination with the letter E.
Use the ALT key by itself to move the active location to
the File menu in the menu bar.
The UP and DOWN arrow keys move you through the menu
associated with a specific item, while the left and right arrows
move you to the next menu bar item, automatically opening the
associated menu. If you want to switch focus from the menu bar
without making a selection, press the ESC key or the ALT key.
10.2 Edit Menu
The functions listed under the Edit menu are available in all
environments (Basis, Simulation, and subflowsheet
environments) and can be used across environments and
outside of HYSYS:
Edit menu
Command
Description
Cut
Copy and remove the selected values/objects from the
current property view.
Copy
Copies the selected values/objects to the clipboard.
Copy Special
/ with Labels
Copies the selected values/objects and their corresponding
labels to the clipboard.
Paste
Place copied or cut selections in the location of your choice
or in another application.
Although the edit functions are available throughout HYSYS, not
all areas within the environments support them. Only matrix
type areas can be manipulated.
For example, you can copy a group of cells from the Workbook
or from a table and paste them into the spreadsheet. In most
areas, you can manipulate a group of cells by clicking and
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Editing the PFD
dragging them with the mouse. Whenever cells are grouped
within a matrix (for example, the inlet streams for a mixer as
shown in the figure below), you can select more than a single
cell.
Figure 10.1
10.3 Editing the PFD
The appearance of the PFD can be modified including all objects
that are installed in the PFD:
•
•
•
•
•
PFD icon
Streams
Unit Operations
Logical Operations
Labels
Text Annotations
Any PFD in the simulation can be accessed from any location
in the Simulation environment by clicking the PFD icon or
using the CTRL P hot key.
In addition to selecting alternate icons for the operations, you
can manipulate the routing of streams, swap nozzle connections
for two streams attached to the same operation, move and size
icons, add text, transform the orientation of objects, and change
text fonts and colours.
Use the following tools to modify the appearance of the PFD:
•
•
•
Menu Bar
Mouse and Keyboard
Object Inspect menu
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Edit Options
•
10-5
PFD Inspection Menu
The items being modified must be selected before using
these tools.
10.3.1 PFD Menu
The PFD menu is only available when the PFD is open and
active. The commands contained in the PFD menu are described
in the table below:
Command
Description
Select Objects
Select multiple operations and streams on the PFD.
The Select Objects property view contains a filter for
narrowing object selection. See Menu Bar Option for
more information.
Show Hidden
Objects
Hidden objects in the PFD can be viewed using this
command. When selected, the Show Hidden Objects
property view appears.
Break a
Connection
Breaks the connection between a stream and an
operation without deleting either.
See Revealing Hidden Objects for more information.
PFD menu
See Disconnecting Using the Break Connection
Tool for more information.
Swap
Connections
Select two streams that are attached to the same
operation and exchange their nozzle connections.
See Section 10.3.11 - Swapping Connections for
more information.
Auto Position All
Repositions all objects on the PFD to the best possible
location as determined by the application.
See Section 10.3.7 - Auto Positioning for more
information.
Auto Position
Selected
Auto positions only selected objects.
Select Mode
Select the operating mode for the PFD. This is either
Move, Size, or Attach.
Drag Zoom
Click and hold the mouse button to drag a frame
around a region, then release the mouse button. The
PFD is redrawn showing only that region.
Add a PFD
Adds a new page to the PFD Notebook. The command
to clone an existing PFD is available.
See Section 10.3.7 - Auto Positioning for more
information.
See the PFD Modes section for more information.
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Editing the PFD
Command
Description
Delete this PFD
Deletes the active PFD without a prompt to confirm the
action. You cannot delete the PFD if it is the only one in
the case.
Rename this PFD
Change the name of the PFD that appears on the tab.
10.3.2 Object Inspect Menu
Use the Object Inspect menu to manipulate the icons in the PFD.
The menu options vary depending on the selected item (Stream,
Operation, Column or Text Annotation).
To access the Object Inspect menu of an icon, position the
cursor over the icon and right-click.
The entire PFD Object Inspect menu can be accessed by rightclicking on an area of the PFD where there are no icons. The
menu of available commands appears.
Figure 10.2
For stream, the
following extra
command appears.
General Object Inspect
menu for the PFD.
General Object Inspect
menu for Icons.
For subflowsheet operations (including the
column subflowsheet), the following two
extra commands appear.
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Edit Options
10-7
A menu item with an arrow head pointing to the side has
further commands on a sub-menu.
10.3.3 PFD Tools
Several tools are provided to help simplify interaction with the
PFD. These tools are described in the following section.
Pan/Zoom Functions
The pan and zoom functions allow you to focus on a particular
area within the PFD or to view all the objects within the
flowsheet. The following table describes the available functions:
Function
Icon
Definition
Zoom Out
Zooms the display out by 25%. Click the
Zoom Out icon, located in the lower left of the
PFD, or use the keyboard command SHIFT
PAGE DOWN.
Zoom In
Zooms the display in by 25%. Click the Zoom
In icon, located in the lower left of the PFD, or
use the keyboard command SHIFT PAGE UP.
Zoom All
Displays all visible objects in the current PFD.
Click the function icon, located in the lower
left of the PFD, or use the keyboard command
HOME.
Zoom Out display
5%
Use the keyboard command PAGE DOWN.
Zoom In display
5%
Use the keyboard command PAGE UP.
Zoom In
Scroll the mouse wheel forward to display the
PFD zoom in.
Mouse Wheel
Zoom Out
Mouse Wheel
Zoom In
HOME Key
Scroll the mouse wheel backward to display
the PFD zoom out.
Select PFD objects and press the HOME key
to zoom in on those objects. If no objects are
selected, the entire PFD is shown.
Toggle between
last two Zoom
property views
Use the keyboard key Z.
Pan 15% Left,
Right, Up, Down
Use the keyboard arrow keys: left, right, up,
down.
Pan 70% Left,
Right, Up, Down
Use the SHIFT key combined with one of the
arrow keys: left, right, up, down.
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Editing the PFD
Function
Icon
Definition
Pan Mouse
Wheel
Click the mouse wheel (or middle mouse
button) and move the mouse to pan the
property view. To stop, click the mouse button
a second time.
Centre PFD on
cursor
Press the PERIOD key on the keyboard, and
the PFD shifts, making the location of the
cursor the centre of the property view.
For the PFD to respond to the keyboard command, it must be
the active property view.
PFD Modes
The PFD operates in the following four modes:
•
•
•
•
Move
Attach
Auto Attach
Size
Only one mode can be active at a time, so when you are in
attach mode, you cannot move or resize icons. There are three
ways to change the PFD mode:
•
Select the Select Mode command from the PFD menu
to open the Select PFD Mode property view. Use the radio
buttons in the PFD Mode group to select the mode.
Figure 10.3
•
Right-click the PFD, then select the mode options in the
Mode sub-menu from the PFD Object Inspect menu.
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Edit Options
•
10-9
Use the icons in the PFD toolbar.
Name
Icon
Definition
Refer to Section 10.3.18
- Connecting Streams
& Operations for more
information about Attach
mode.
Move/Attach
Mode
Controls the Move and Attach modes in the PFD.
Move is the default setting and is used to relocate
selected operations and streams.
Refer to Auto Attach
Mode section for more
information.
Auto Attach
Mode
In this mode, new operations placed on the PFD
automatically have their own required material
and energy streams connected to them. These
generated streams are automatically given a
numerical value for a name.
Refer to Section 10.3.4 Selecting PFD Objects
for more details on sizing
PFD objects.
Size Mode
When in Size mode, selected objects can be sized.
A selected sizeable object appears with a box
around it, and this box contains eight smaller
white boxes around its perimeter. Using the
mouse, drag the size of the box in any of these
eight directions.
When the icon is “pressed” you are in Attach mode
and can connect streams and operations
graphically.
Auto Attach Mode
Refer to Section 12.2.4
- Naming Page for more
information on setting
the naming preference.
In Auto Attach mode, any unit operation added to the PFD is
automatically attached with the required material and energy
streams. The generated streams are automatically named based
on the user’s defined naming preference.
Auto attach mode does not attach energy streams already in
the PFD to an added operation, even if the energy stream is
selected and the operation requires an energy stream.
Auto attach mode always generates and attaches new
energy streams for added operations that require energy
streams.
The Auto Attach mode behaviour changes when a new unit
operation is added, depending on what is selected in the PFD.
•
•
When nothing is selected and a unit operation is added,
then the required streams are created and attached.
The Auto Attach functionality is based on an anchor
stream(s). Once a stream(s) is selected, it is treated as
the anchor. The behaviour from this point is dependent
on the current connectivity of the anchor stream(s).
If the anchor stream is a product from a unit operation, it
is automatically attached as the feed to the unit
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Editing the PFD
operation being added. The remaining streams for the
unit operation are automatically created and connected.
If the anchor stream is a feed stream to another unit
operation, it is automatically attached as a product to the
unit operation being added.
Since most unit operations have multiple product streams,
the selected product stream is attached to the top product
stream (usually the vapour stream).
If the anchor stream is both a feed and a product, you
are prompted to insert the unit operation upstream or
downstream of the anchor stream.
Figure 10.4
In this example a valve is attached to Stream D using Auto Attach Mode.
The valve is placed upstream of Stream D.
Product stream of Unit B is now stream 1.
•
When multiple streams are selected (in some cases), this
mode attaches multiple feeds and products depending on
what is selected (in other words, one feed and one
product or three feeds and a product).
When one product and one feed are selected and a new
unit operation is added, both the feed and product
streams are attached to the unit operation along with the
remaining required streams.
If multiple feeds and a product are selected and a new
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Edit Options
•
•
10-11
mixer or separator is added, all the selected feeds and
the product are attached to the unit op along with the
remaining required streams.
When multiple feeds and products are selected, multiple
feeds are attached to the mixer or separator, but a new
product stream is created because the system does not
know which selected product stream attaches to where.
You can select multiple product streams and use Auto
Attach mode to add a tee.
Auto attach mode has limitations; with the subflowsheet
and template, it creates all required streams and
attaches them to the unit operations. Because there are
so many different feeds and products, even if there is a
feed or product selected, all new streams are attached,
but not necessarily where you wanted them attached.
You are not limited to selecting streams; you can also
select a unit operation.
If you select a unit operation with a single feed and a
single product and add a new unit op, then a property
view prompts you to add the unit operation upstream or
downstream of the selected unit operation.
For example, the figure below displays a property view
prompting an object to be attached up or down stream:
Figure 10.5
If you select a unit operation with multiple feed or
products and add a new unit operation, you are
prompted to select a stream from a list of streams that
are attached to this selected unit operation. You are also
prompted to specify if the new unit operation is to be
attached upstream or downstream of the stream selected
from the attachment list.
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Editing the PFD
Additional Icons
Name
Icon
Function
Refer to Section 10.3.19
- Disconnecting
Streams & Operations
for more details.
Break
Connection
Break the connection between a stream and an
operation. When you place the cursor over the
stream you want to break, the cursor appears with
a checkmark. Click any portion of the stream
between the stream icon and the operation to
break the connection.
For more information,
refer to Section 10.3.11
- Swapping
Connections.
Swap
Connections
Switches the nozzle connection points for two
streams attached to the same operation.
Drag Zoom
When you click this icon, the cursor becomes an
arrow and magnifying glass combination. Click and
drag around a region of interest to redraw the PFD
showing only the selected region. You can also
Zoom from the PFD Object Inspect menu by
clicking Mode and then Zoom (see Figure 10.6)
or by selecting Drag Zoom from the PFD menu in
the menu bar.
Refer to Section 10.3.22
- Annotations & Labels,
for more information.
Add Text
Annotation
Adds text to a PFD. When clicked, a + symbol is
added to the regular cursor and a rectangular box
appears at the end of the pointer. Position the
cursor where you want to place the text, click the
mouse button, and then type the text into the
property view that appears.
Refer to Section 10.3.16
- Stream Routing for
more information.
Quick Route
Mode
Move icons quickly about the PFD (in other words,
object icons can be moved with their attached
streams overlapping the other object icons).
Turning off the Quick Route mode, enables HYSYS
to reposition the stream lines so that there is no
overlap of the object icons.
Drag Mode
Enables you to shift/scroll through the PFD
property view and see other areas of the PFD. To
scroll across the PFD, click and drag the mouse
cursor on the PFD. Similar functions as the scroll
buttons, except with in the Drag mode you can
scroll diagonally.
Object
Palette
Enables you to access the Object Palette.
Colour
Scheme
Displays the PFD Colour Schemes property view. A
new scheme can be created or an existing one
selected, edited or deleted.
Refer to Section 8.1.1 Install Objects Using
the Object Palette for
more information.
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Edit Options
10-13
Figure 10.6
If you are trying to perform a function in the PFD (such as
Move, Size, or Attach) and it is not working, check the icons
to see if you are in the correct mode.
10.3.4 Selecting PFD Objects
To manipulate the PFD, you must be able to select PFD objects
such as streams, operations, and text annotations. You can
select single or multiple objects, but you cannot be in Attach
mode when doing so.
When an object is selected, the icon is surrounded by a
border and the label background is selected.
Press and hold SHIFT while clicking the objects to select
scattered multiple objects in the PFD.
Single Object Selection
To select a single object in the PFD, do one of the following:
•
•
Position the cursor over the object and click the mouse
button. The object has a white rectangular box around its
icon when selected.
Use the keyboard by pressing S to cycle through all items
in the PFD and SHIFT S to cycle backwards through all
items.
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Editing the PFD
To select a label, right-click the label or the object that it is
attached to, and select the Move/Size Label command.
Alternatively, select the object and press the L key.
Multiple Object Selection
There are three methods available to select multiple objects and
they are as follows:
•
•
•
Mouse drag option
Menu bar option
Keyboard/mouse option
Mouse Drag Option
If selecting multiple objects within the same area, click and hold
the mouse button while dragging a box around the entire group
of objects. When all of the objects are within the box, release
the mouse button. Each object is outlined to indicate that it is
selected.
Menu Bar Option
1. From the PFD menu or the PFD Inspection menu, select
the Select Objects command. The Select Objects property
view appears.
2. From the list of available objects, select the necessary
objects. Select multiple objects by holding down the CTRL
key and clicking each object being selected.
Figure 10.7
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Edit Options
10-15
Use the filter option for a more specific list of objects.
3. Click the OK button after all selections are made. This closes
the property view and returns you to the PFD. Each object is
outlined to indicate that it is selected.
Keyboard/Mouse Option
1. Position the cursor (in the PFD) over the first object you
want to select and click the mouse button.
2. To select a second object, hold down the SHIFT key and
click the second object. The two objects are now selected.
3. Repeat step #2 until all the necessary objects are selected.
10.3.5 Deselecting PFD
Objects
Any of the following methods can be used to deselect an object:
•
•
•
Click any empty spot in the PFD.
Press the D key to deselect all the selected items.
Press the SHIFT key and click on a selected object to
deselect only that one item.
10.3.6 Moving Objects
Objects can be moved in either Size or Move mode.
You can move objects individually or as a group.
1. Select the object or objects you want to move.
2. Position the cursor over one of the selected objects.
3. Press and hold the mouse button while dragging the cursor
to the new position on the PFD. Release the mouse button. If
multiple objects are selected, all selected objects move
simultaneously.
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Editing the PFD
See Section 10.3.8 Aligning Icons section for
more information.
The internal Auto Snap feature can prevent an icon from
being moved with the keyboard arrow keys.
The keyboard can also be used to move an object within the
PFD. Select the object(s) to move. Use the arrow keys to move
up, down, right, or left. The object moves one space at a time.
To move an item in larger increments, hold the SHIFT key down
while pressing the arrow keys.
10.3.7 Auto Positioning
Use the Auto Positioning function to automatically reposition
streams and unit operations. Select the object(s) being
repositioned and an internal algorithm determines the current
location of objects on the PFD. This information is then used to
set the most appropriate location for the selected object(s).
Auto positioning works differently depending on the object
selected. For unit operations, a new location for the object is
determined and it is placed in that position. Manually moving
streams attached to the unit operation after the auto positioning
has no effect on the position of the unit operation icon.
When a stream is auto positioned, it becomes a floating icon
until it is manually moved. This means the stream is initially
positioned by HYSYS after the Auto Positioning function is
accessed. If a unit operation icon that is attached to the stream
is then moved, the stream is automatically repositioned, floating
with the unit operation icon.
When you manually move a selected stream, the auto
positioning function becomes inactive. Any subsequent
movement of an operation that this stream is attached to does
not affect the position of the stream. Use the Auto Positioning
function again to have the stream move with the operation.
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Edit Options
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You can access Auto Positioning in the following ways.
Method
Description
Menu Bar
From the PFD menu, select either Auto Position All or
Auto Position Selected.
Object Inspect
menu
Select Auto Position from the Object Inspect menu.
Only selected items are repositioned.
10.3.8 Aligning Icons
This function can be used to horizontally or vertically align any
combination of streams and objects on the PFD. Each object has
a predetermined point through which it is aligned.
1. Select the objects that you want to align. At least two
objects must be selected.
2. Right-click the icon that is to be the anchoring point (all
other selected objects are aligned with this icon).
3. Select Align Selected Icons from the Object Inspect menu.
10.3.9 Auto Snap Align
The Auto Snap feature on the PFD automatically aligns objects if
they are moved within an internally set tolerance. This feature
helps eliminate the irregular line segments that might occur for
streams.
The Auto Snap feature is always active and cannot be toggled on
and off. This poses a problem if you want to move an icon using
the keyboard arrow keys. If HYSYS detects that the object is
within the set tolerance, the object initially moves in the
direction of the arrow key, but snaps back to its original
position. To overcome this, use the SHIFT key with the
keyboard arrow key to move the object by larger increments.
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Editing the PFD
10.3.10 Sizing Objects
Operations and streams installed on a PFD are all a standard
size. Sometimes the size of these objects needs to be changed;
this can be done in Size mode only.
Size Mode icon
1. Activate the Size mode by doing one of the following:
• Click the Size Mode icon in the PFD toolbar.
• Select the Select Mode command from the PFD menu.
The Select PFD Mode property view appears.
Figure 10.8
Click the Size radio button.
• Right-click in the PFD and select Mode>Size from the
Object Inspect menu.
2. Select the object being resized. A white outline with eight
handles appears around the icon. These identify the
directions in which you can size the icon.
Figure 10.9
Sizing
Tool
3. Place the cursor over one of the target handles. The pointer
changes to the sizing tool (line with an arrowhead at each
end) indicating the directions that the object can be
stretched or compressed.
4. Click and drag the mouse in the direction you want to size
the object. The icon is sized according to the change in the
size of the box.
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Edit Options
Refer to Moving & Sizing
Labels section for more
information.
10-19
The Pump shown in Figure 10.9 is ready to size, however,
the name associated with it, P-100, is not resized. It remains
at its default size even though the size of its associated icon
changes. To change the size of the label, change the Font
size of the text.
You can size Labels and Annotations only horizontally and to
a maximum size. This is useful for text containing more than
one line. You can size such a text box so that all text appears
on one line.
Rather than sizing several objects individually, you can size
multiple objects simultaneously. Enter Size mode and select the
objects you want to size. Each object has its own outline around
it. Select any one of these boxes and then resize the object. All
the selected objects are sized by this factor.
10.3.11 Swapping Connections
Swap Connections icon
Available to Swap
Connections
Unavailable to
Swap Connections
This function lets you select two streams attached to the same
object and swap their nozzle connections. This is useful when
streams cross each other.
1. Activate the Swap Connections tool by doing one of the
following:
• Click the Swap Connections icon in the PFD toolbar.
• Right-click a connection point and select Swap
Attachments from the Object Inspect menu.
• Select Swap Connections from the PFD menu.
• Press the F hot key to activate the Swap Connections
icon.The ESC key reverses the effect of the F key.
2. The cursor (when it is over an area of the PFD) takes on a
special flip stream appearance, indicating which streams are
available for the operation (arrow with a checkmark and a
number 1).
3. Click the first stream you want to swap and the cursor
changes (replacing the 1 with a 2).
4. Click the second stream being swapped.
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Editing the PFD
5. After the swapping is complete, the Swap Connections
icon is released.
HYSYS indicates an unacceptable choice for Swap
Connections by replacing the checkmark with an X.
10.3.12 Transforming Icons,
Labels, & Annotations
When you add a unit operation, stream, or annotations to the
PFD, the icon appears as shown in the Object Palette. You may
want to alter the orientation of an icon to improve PFD clarity.
This can be done using rotating and mirroring functions.
Method
Description
Transform-Rotate
Rotate the icon of a selected object (clockwise)
about its centre in one of three ways, 90 degrees,
180 degrees, and 270 degrees.
Transform-Mirror
Mirrors the object about the X or Y axis.
You can use the Rotate and Mirror functions to change the
orientation of multiple objects at the same time.
Keyboard commands for selected objects:
•
•
•
•
•
•
X mirror about X axis
Y mirror about Y axis
1 rotate by 90
2 rotate by 180
3 rotate by 270
N returns original orientation
Access the Rotate and Mirror functions from the Object Inspect
menu.
1. Select the object(s) you want to transform.
2. Right-click on one of the objects to open the Object Inspect
menu.
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Edit Options
10-21
3. Select Transform to open a sub-menu containing the
Rotate and Mirror functions. Click the required function.
Figure 10.10
10.3.13 Changing Icons
HYSYS always displays the default icons for the PFD. However,
there are optional icons that can be used to represent the same
unit operation.
1. Select the unit operation for which you want to change the
icon.
2. Right-click on the unit operation to open the Object Inspect
menu.
3. Click Change Icon (if there are no alternate icons, this
command is disabled in the menu). This opens the Select
Icon property view.
4. Click the icon you want to use. The figure below shows the
options available for the Cooler operation.
Figure 10.11
Select the Default checkbox to
make the selected icon the
default icon for your simulation.
This icon is then used the next
time you add this type of
operation.
5. Click OK to accept the selection and return to the PFD.
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Editing the PFD
If you have more than one icon selected in the PFD and they
represent the same type of operation, then you can change all
selections to an alternate icon at the same time. If the
operations are of different types, the Change Icon command is
not available in the Object Inspect menu.
Wire Frame & 3D Icons
When you right-click a three dimensional icon, the Draw Wire
Frame command is available in the Object Inspect menu. Any
operation or stream with a three dimensional icon can be
transformed to an outline representation, or a Wire Frame. A
wire frame of the Cooler is shown in the figure below.
Figure 10.12
Cooler 3D Icon
Cooler Wire Frame Icon
Alternatively, the Object Inspect menu of a wire frame object
contains the Draw 3D command, which draws the icon in its
default 3D image.
To switch all objects into wire frames, do the following:
1. Select all objects.
2. Right-click one of the objects and select the Draw Wire
Frame command in the Object Inspect menu.
Thick Stream Line
The Draw Thick Streamline command (in the stream Object
Inspect menu) creates a more visible stream by making it wider
than the other streams. This command is useful when tracking
one particular stream in a complex flowsheet (for example, a
pipe network).
Return a stream to its default thickness by right-clicking the
stream and clicking Draw Normal Streamline from the Object
Inspect menu.
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Edit Options
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10.3.14 Publish Stream/
Operation
Refer to Section 11.19 Case Collaboration for
more information about
published objects.
HYSYS has several ways of distributing simulation case
information. One of these types of distribution is referred to as
publishing. When you publish an object in HYSYS, you are
putting the object’s data on to a RTI Data Server, where it can
be shared with other cases. The object’s data is information
about the object’s configuration and the condition of the object.
The fluid package associated to the object is optional and only
applies to streams.
Refer to Section 12.2.9 RTi Server Page for
information about setting
up the RTI server in the
Session Preferences.
Before you publish an object, you must set your RTI server
connection. After your RTI server is set up, you can publish the
object’s information.
To publish a stream or a unit operation, do the following:
1. Select the stream or operation on the PFD.
2. Right-click and select Publish Stream or Publish Unit
Operation from the Object Inspect menu.
3. The Stream Public Information property view appears.
Figure 10.13
Enter your name in this field.
You can add a description about
the object you are publishing in
this field.
You can select whether to include
or exclude fluid package
information by using the checkbox.
4. Enter your name and the information associated with the
object. You can select the Include Property Package
Information checkbox to include the fluid package
associated with the object.
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Editing the PFD
5. Click the Submit button to publish the object.
10.3.15 PFD Navigation
Auto Scrolling
Unlike most of the features available on the PFD, the auto
scrolling function cannot be accessed through the main menu or
by using the keyboard. Only the mouse can be used to access
this feature.
Auto scrolling enables continuous horizontal or vertical scrolling
of the active pane, depending on the location of the mouse.
Scroll Button
To initiate auto scrolling, do the following:
1. Place the cursor anywhere in the active property view.
2. Press and hold the mouse button and drag the mouse near
the PFD pane boundary. When the cursor enters a 15 pixel
boundary at a pane edge and remains anywhere within the
boundary for 0.3 seconds, the property view of the PFD
begins to scroll. The boundary closest to the cursor
determines the direction of scrolling.
The speed of scrolling can be varied by moving the mouse within
the boundary near the edge of the property view. Faster
scrolling occurs as the cursor is moved closer to the outside.
Mouse Wheel Scrolling
The Static PFD Scroll
cursor
The Scrolling Cursor
points in the direction
that the focus is moving.
As an alternative to using the scroll bars, you can scroll to any
location on your PFD using the mouse wheel (or middle mouse
button). Click the mouse wheel while the cursor is in the PFD.
The cursor changes to the static PFD scroll cursor. Point the
mouse in the direction you want to scroll. After you have
reached the location that you want to view, either click the
mouse wheel a second time or place the cursor directly over the
static PFD scroll cursor (which remains on your PFD until you
click the mouse wheel).
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Edit Options
10-25
10.3.16 Stream Routing
Quick Route Mode
To maintain clarity in the PFD, streams should not overlap unit
operation icons. When working with large, complex flowsheets,
each movement of an object causes HYSYS to reposition
streams so that no unit operation icons are covered. If the PFD
is complex, this repositioning can consume valuable
computational time.
The Quick Route function can be accessed in any mode.
When you use the Quick Route function, HYSYS relocates and
connects the objects without considering the other objects in the
flowsheet. For example, if moving a valve, its icon and streams
are relocated without repositioning the streams, even if one
passes over another icon.
After exiting Quick Route mode, the streams are repositioned
automatically so they do not overlap the icons. This means the
streams are repositioned once instead of after relocating each
object.
Quick Route icon
To access the Quick Route function, click the Quick Route icon
in the PFD toolbar. After manipulating the objects on the PFD,
click the Quick Route icon again to ensure that no streams
overlap unit operation icons.
Manual Routing of Streams
There are two types of manual stream routing:
•
•
Moving the location of a horizontal or vertical line
segment
Adding bend points to create a new route for some
portion of the stream
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Editing the PFD
Full Manual Route mode can only be accessed by right-clicking a
stream (not the stream arrow icon). From the Object Inspect
menu, select the Manual Route command.
Only the portion of the stream that is inspected becomes
available for manual routing (in other words, right-click either
the portion upstream or downstream of the stream icon will
apply the selected route option on the upstream or downstream
line respectively).
In Full Manual Route mode, a bend point is shown at the end of
each line segment and the portion of the stream available for
manual routing changes colour. You can then manipulate any of
the line segments in the selected stream until the manual route
is interrupted.
To exit the Manual Route function, click an empty area of the
PFD.
When not in Manual Route mode, you can still click on a stream
line segment and drag that portion of the line. The bend points
are not shown in this case.
Moving Line Segments
To move a portion of a stream, do the following:
1. Right-click the stream portion and select Manual Route
from the Object Inspect menu. Anchor points appear at each
corner of the stream route.
When you move the pointer over the stream, the pointer
changes to a double arrowhead cursor.
Figure 10.14
A Vertical Stream Line can
be dragged Horizontally.
A Horizontal Stream Line
can be dragged Vertically.
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Edit Options
10-27
This cursor is oriented in the direction in which you can
move the selected stream portion; Vertical for a horizontal
section and Horizontal for a vertical section.
2. Click the mouse button and drag the stream portion to the
new location. As you move, a thin black line appears,
indicating the new stream route.
3. Release the mouse button when you reach the target
location. The stream is redrawn through the new path.
Adding Bend Points
Add new bend points to create a new route for a stream. The
initial procedure is the same as moving line segments. Rightclick the stream and select Manual Route from the menu. The
stream is re-drawn showing the existing bend points.
The logic behind the routing procedure is that you alternate
between horizontal and vertical sections of line with each
successive bend point.
A bend point is an anchor that the stream passes through.
Press the ESC key to end Manual Routing. Press the DELETE
key to delete a manual route in progress.
The idea of bend points is illustrated in the figure below.
Figure 10.15
A Bend Point placed in this region
specifies a Horizontal Line.
A Bend Point in this region
produces a Vertical Line.
Bend point 2 is the one being manipulated. You can initially
create a horizontal or vertical line segment and subsequent line
orientation is determined by that first line, in other words
horizontal segments follow vertical and vice versa.
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Editing the PFD
To add new bend points to a stream:
1. Right-click on a stream and select the Manual Route
command from the object inspect menu.
2. Select an existing bend point to begin the new route. The
cursor changes to an arrow with a + symbol at the end when
placed over a bend point.
Around a bend point there are four regions, two that define
the next line as Horizontal, and two that define the next line
as Vertical. As you drag the mouse pointer around the region
of the bend point, a light coloured line shows the area where
the new line routing is placed.
The mouse cursor displays a checkmark at an acceptable
location for the final Bend Point.
For slight kinks in a stream it could be easier to select the
Stream icon and use the keyboard arrow keys to nudge it
into place, rather than inserting and removing bend points.
3. Click to place a new bend point.
4. Continue to move the cursor to the location of the next bend
point and place it by clicking the PFD.
5. Manual Routing can only be completed by placing the final
bend point on an existing bend point, otherwise the new
routing you just laid out does not appear in the PFD. Any
bend points added are erased.
Removing Bend Points
In certain instances, bend points can be removed to provide a
more direct route between operations. When there is an extra
bend in the route, as shown in the figure below, close the
section.
Figure 10.16
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Edit Options
10-29
Select either the horizontal section between points 1 and 2 and
move it vertically until points 1 and 3 coincide, or select the
vertical section (2 to 3) and move it horizontally until points 1
and 2 coincide. Either route results in the extra bend being
removed from the stream.
You can also remove several intermediate bend points. Select
the bend point at the start of the section to be manipulated (in
the case of the figure below, point 2). Next, select the bend
point at the end of the section (point 9) and double-click on the
end point. All intermediate bend points are removed.
Figure 10.17
Connection Line Straightening
The Connection Line Straightening function removes all bend
points from a stream to straighten the line between the stream
icon and the unit operation. To access this function, the
orientation of the Stream icon must align with the nozzle
connection (in other words, a horizontal stream icon is in
alignment with a nozzle connected to the side of a unit
operation).
To straighten a connection line, do the following:
1. Right-click the stream and select Straighten Stream Line
from the Object Inspect menu.
2. The stream section being straightened becomes a thin red
line and the cursor changes to the acceptable/unacceptable
connection indicator.
The end of the thin red line that is not selected serves as the
anchor point, and does not move when the line is
straightened.
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Editing the PFD
3. Move the cursor to either end of the red line where the
cursor changes from an X to a checkmark, indicating an
acceptable choice for line straightening.
4. Click to straighten the line.
Line Segment Alignment
While performing manual routing, the mouse can be used to
align sections of streams. Horizontal sections are aligned
horizontally and vertical sections are aligned vertically. The
streams do not need to be connected to the same unit
operation, but the stream sections must be in close proximity so
that the internal tolerance for the function is not exceeded.
As an example of line segment aligning, a unit operation with
multiple feeds is used. The Mixer, shown in the figure below, has
three feed streams, two that contain vertical sections. For
presentation purposes the vertical sections of the streams are to
be aligned.
Figure 10.18
To align segments ab and cd, do the following:
1. Right-click the line segment ab and select the Manual
Route command. The entire line becomes selected and its
bend points are shown.
2. Click the anchoring segment, in this case segment cd.
The segments are now aligned. Follow the same steps for the
alignment of horizontal segments.
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Edit Options
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10.3.17 Rebuilding the PFD
In addition to manipulating the PFD, you can also rebuild the
PFD for any simulation case.
1. Before opening the case you want to rebuild, use the hot key
combination CTRL SHIFT K Z to display a message asking if
you want to rebuild the PFD.
Figure 10.19
2. Click the Yes button. The Open Simulation Case property
view appears.
3. Open the case for the PFD you want to rebuild. If there is
more than one PFD (in the main and subflowsheet
environments), you are asked if you want to rebuild each
PFD (in the main and subflowsheet environments).
4. Click Yes if you want to rebuild the specified PFD and No if
you do not. If there is only one PFD (no subflowsheets), you
are only asked once if you want to rebuild the main PFD.
10.3.18 Connecting Streams &
Operations
There are two ways to connect streams to an operation:
•
•
In the operation property view, select the streams’ name
in the inlet and outlet field/cell. New streams can be
generated and connected to the operation by entering
the new stream’s name in the inlet and/or outlet field/
cell.
On the PFD property view, make the connections in
Attach mode.
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Editing the PFD
Connecting Streams & Operations in
Attach Mode
The Attach mode can be used to connect an operation to an
existing stream, generate a new stream connected to an
existing operation, or create a new stream to connect two
operations.
Figure 10.20
These small
boxes are
connection
nozzles and
ports.
Connection nozzle or port colours:
• Dark Red - Energy Stream
• Blue - Material Stream
• Green - Logical Connection
An exception to this is the Balance block
which can accept both Material and
Energy streams. All connections for the
Balance are shown in green.
When the PFD is in Attach mode, connection nozzles and ports
automatically appear on each icon as the cursor passes over the
icon. In addition to the coloured boxes that indicate the different
connection types, a Fly-by description appears when the cursor
is placed over a connection nozzle or port.
Creating a New Stream from an Operation
To create a stream from an operation in Attach mode, do the
following:
1. Enter Attach mode by, right-clicking on the PFD and
selecting Mode | Attach command from the object inspect
menu.
To temporary enter Attach Mode, hold down the CTRL key.
Make the connections, then release the CTRL key to exit the
Attach Mode.
2. Place the cursor over the required operation connection point
or nozzle. When the cursor is in the correct location, a white
square appears at the tip of the cursor.
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Edit Options
Stream Connection Tool
cursor
10-33
3. Click and drag the mouse to an empty space in the PFD.
Keep dragging the stream until the Stream Connection Tool
cursor appears at the end of the stream.
If you release the mouse button while a full black square is
visible, the stream will not be created.
4. Release the mouse button and a stream icon appears.
Refer to Chapter 12 Streams in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
more information about
streams.
HYSYS names the stream using the next stream name as
defined under the current Session Preferences.
Connecting Operations to Existing Streams
In Attach mode you can connect streams operations or vice
versa on the PFD. The procedure for both is identical.
To connect an operation to an existing stream, do the following:
See Section 10.3.16 Stream Routing for
information on manually
changing the route of a
stream.
1. Place the cursor over the required connection point, then
click and drag the cursor to the target stream. A line
indicating the creation of a stream appears as you move the
mouse.
Both Streams and Operations have nozzle(s) and port(s).
The connection points that activate depend on the origin of
the connection (for example, when connecting from a stream
outlet only nozzles to operations appear).
Stream Connection Tool
cursor
As you approach the stream, the available connection
activates. When you are within the defined connection
region for a nozzle (larger than the region used when HYSYS
indicates available connection points), the cursor changes to
the Stream Connection Tool cursor.
2. To complete the connection, release the mouse button when
a white square appears at the tip of the cursor.
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Editing the PFD
Connecting Two Operations
Directly connecting two operations automatically creates a new
stream using the next available name as defined in the Session
Preferences. To accomplish this, you must make the connection
on the PFD in Attach mode.
1. Select the connection point of the operation to which the
stream will be connected (in the case of Figure 10.21 the
Valve, VLV-100).
2. Click and drag the new stream toward the operation that the
stream is connected to (the separator V-100 in Figure
10.21). The available connection points are indicated. In
this case, because the stream is taken from the outlet of the
Valve, only the connection point on the inlet area of the
Separator appears.
3. When you reach the connection region, the cursor changes
to a solid white square. Release the mouse button to
complete the connection and create a new stream.
Figure 10.21
2
1
Valve outlet nozzle
where a stream
connects
The long
connection
indicates that
more than one
feed can be
attached
3
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Edit Options
10-35
Connecting Logical Operations
Refer to Chapter 5 Logical Operations in
the HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
Logical operations can be connected to operations or streams in
the same way as other objects. The only difference is that after
the connection is made, the Select Adjusted Variable property
view appears. This property view varies depending on the type
of logical operation and whether the connection is made to a
stream or operation.
Figure 10.22
10.3.19 Disconnecting
Streams & Operations
Connections between streams and operations can be broken by
doing one of the following:
•
•
Enter the operation’s property view and break the
connection by deleting the stream’s name from the inlet
or outlet cell/field.
Break the connection on the PFD by using the Object
Inspect menu or the Break Connection tool.
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Editing the PFD
Disconnecting Using the Object
Inspect Menu
Use this procedure to break a connection using the Object
Inspect menu.
1. On the PFD, move the cursor to the stream where you want
to break the connection (anywhere except over the stream
icon).
2. When the cursor is over the stream line, it changes into the
Move Segment cursor. Right-click the mouse button.
Figure 10.23
Move
Segment
cursor
3. From the menu that appears, select Break Connection.
Depending on the selected stream, the Object Inspect menu
may not have all of the commands as shown in the figure
below.
Figure 10.24
The Swap Attachments command appears in the Object
Inspect menu only when more than one stream is attached
to a certain location (in other words, 2 feed streams).
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Edit Options
10-37
Disconnecting Using the Break
Connection Tool
The Break Connection tool lets you break an existing stream
connection in the PFD. You can only break one connection at a
time. If you want to break a second connection, select the Break
Connection option again. You can either break an inlet or an
outlet stream connection, depending on which side of the
stream icon you select.
Breaking the connection does not delete the stream, only its
connection to the operation.
Use this procedure to break a connection using the Break
Connection tool:
Break Connection icon
1. Access the Break Connection tool by doing one of the
following:
• Select Break a Connection from the PFD menu.
• Click the Break Connection icon in PFD toolbar.
2. Move the cursor to the stream where you want to break the
connection. When the cursor is in position, it changes from
an X to a checkmark.
3. When the checkmark appears, click the stream. The
connection is broken.
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Editing the PFD
10.3.20 Cut/Paste Functions
The Cut/Paste Objects sub-menu available in the PFD Object
Inspect menu provides several commands for adding, removing,
and recombining flowsheet objects.
Figure 10.25
Combine Objects into Subflowsheets
The Combine Into Sub-flowsheet command lets you select
multiple PFD objects in your simulation case (in the main
flowsheet) and create a sub-flowsheet containing those objects.
Use this feature to organize complicated flowsheets. For
example, you can divide your flowsheet into different sections to
make the information more readable.
1. Select the PFD objects (for example, unit operations,
streams, and logical operators) to be included in the new
subflowsheet.
2. Right-click to open the Object Inspect menu.
3. From the Cut/Paste Objects sub-menu, select the
Combine Into Sub-flowsheet command.
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Edit Options
10-39
Moving Subflowsheet Objects Back to the
Parent Flowsheet
1. Right-click the subflowsheet icon. The Object Inspect menu
appears.
2. From the Cut/Paste Objects sub-menu, select the Move
Contents to Owner Flowsheet command.
Even though the contents of the subflowsheet were moved
to the owner flowsheet, the subflowsheet still exists, but can
be deleted. If you decided to “re-collapse” the subflowsheet
objects, a new subflowsheet is created.
Importing/Exporting Objects
Refer to Section 4.3 HFL Files for more
information.
You can export flowsheet objects from one PFD and import to
another using the Import Objects and Export Objects commands
in the PFD Object Inspect menu. The objects that you export or
import are saved as an HFL file.
Exporting Objects
1. Select the PFD objects you want to export.
Exported object files use the extension.hfl.
2. Right-click on one of the selected objects.
3. From the Cut/Paste Objects sub-menu, select Export
Objects. The File Save property view appears.
4. Enter a name and destination for the flowsheet file.
5. Click Save.
When you export objects from a flowsheet, the objects,
connections, and geometric data are exported. None of the basis
or flow information (components, flowrates, etc.) are included.
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Editing the PFD
Importing Objects
Templates can be imported into a flowsheet by using the Import
Objects command in the PFD Object Inspect menu. All basis
information already supplied to the flowsheet is automatically
applied to the imported objects. None of the basis information
from the case in which the objects were exported is saved in the
template file.
1. Right-click the PFD to open the Object Inspect menu.
2. From the Cut/Paste Objects sub-menu select Import
Objects. This opens the Open File property view.
3. Browse to the location of the flowsheet file (*.hfl) you want
to open and select it.
4. Click Open.
Cloning Objects
You can clone flowsheet objects on your PFD using the Clone
Selected Objects command in the Copy/Paste Objects submenu. All object information is automatically cloned into a new
set of objects. Only the object name changes.
Cut/Copy/Paste
The Cut, Copy, and Paste commands in the Cut/Paste Objects
sub-menu have the typical functionality associated with these
commands. You cut or copy an object(s) in one flowsheet and
paste the object(s) to another location on the PFD or into any
subflowsheets of any case. If the destination subflowsheet was
created using a different fluid package, then some of the copied
information may not be transferrable and will be omitted.
Hot Keys:
• Cut - CTRL X
• Copy - CTRL C
• Paste - CTRL V
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Edit Options
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10.3.21 Stream Label Options
By default, each stream on the PFD has a label that displays its
name. You can change all stream name labels so that the
current value of a key variable appears in place of each stream
name.
Common Variable Choices
There are some hot key combinations that let you toggle
between stream name labels and some of the more common
stream variables:
Hot Key Combination
Function
Shift T
Displays stream temperatures
Shift P
Displays stream pressures
Shift F
Displays stream molar flowrates
Shift N
Displays stream names
Other Variables
You can also replace the stream name labels with other variable
values. To change the stream name label to the Std Gas Flow,
do the following:
1. Right-click in a blank part of the PFD to open the Object
Inspect menu.
2. Select Choose Label Variable to open the Select Variable
for PFD Labels property view.
Figure 10.26
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Editing the PFD
3. Click the Change Variable button to open the Variable
Navigator.
4. Select Std Gas Flow from the list of available variables.
Figure 10.27
5. Change the variable description in the Description field, if
required.
6. Click OK.
You are returned to the Select Variable for PFD Labels
property view. The variable you just selected appears in the
Current Variable field.
Use the Hide Units and Show Units radio buttons to toggle
the units on and off.
7. Click the Variable Values radio button to display the values
of the current variable on the PFD. Select the Object
Names radio button to display the names of the streams on
the PFD.
8. Click the Close icon
.
10.3.22 Annotations & Labels
Annotations are any text that appears on the PFD aside from the
object labels. HYSYS allows you to enter annotations anywhere
on the PFD. HYSYS automatically labels an object on the PFD
with the object’s name. The object’s name is taken from the
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Edit Options
10-43
name that appears on the Name field in the object’s property
view.
Adding Annotations
Use this procedure to add text to the PFD.
1. Click the Add Text Annotation icon in the PFD toolbar.
Add Text Annotation icon
2. Move the cursor to the location on the PFD where you want
to place the text and click the mouse button. The Text Props
property view appears.
3. In the Text field, type the text that you want to appear on
the PFD.
4. Click the OK button.
Figure 10.28
Editing Annotations
1. In the PFD, right-click the Text Annotation, then click the
View Properties command. The Text Props property view
appears.
2. In the Text field, modify the text, then click OK.
Other editing options include the following:
•
•
•
•
Hide. Hides the selected Label or Text Annotation.
Delete. Deletes the selected Label or Text Annotation.
Transform. Rotate by 90, 180 or 270 degrees.
Change Font. Changes the font for a Label or Text
Annotation. This function is not global; it changes only
the selected object’s font.
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Editing the PFD
•
Change Colour. Opens the colour palette and lets you
change the colour of the selected Label or Text
Annotation.
Moving & Sizing Labels
You can move and size object labels on the PFD. Right-click the
object icon and select the Move/Size Label command from the
object menu.
Figure 10.29
Labels and annotations can
only be sized horizontally.
There are only two resize
handles on the box
surrounding the label, as
compared to the eight
handles that appear for
objects.
You can also free the Label by selecting the object and then
pressing L on the keyboard. Move labels the same way you
move operations, streams, and annotations.
Once you select the Move/Size Label command, the label is
unlocked from the object to which it belongs. The label re-locks
itself once it is deselected, however, you can select the label’s
corresponding object icon and then select the label again
without re-locking the Label. This facilitates moving and sizing
both the icon and its label at one time without repeatedly
selecting the Move/Size Label command.
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Edit Options
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10.3.23 Hiding PFD Objects
Any object on the PFD can be hidden, and you can hide multiple
objects at one time. Hiding an object does not prevent the case
from solving. You can hide operations, streams, and text
annotations by selecting the Hide command from the Object
Inspect menu.
Hiding a unit operation or stream on your PFD does not alter
your simulation case.
To hide labels, you need to select the Format Label command
and then select Hide Label from the sub-menu.
For details, refer to
Section 7.24.4 - Access
Column or Subflowsheet
PFDs.
A Show/Hide option also exists for displaying subflowsheet
objects on the main flowsheet PFD.
Revealing Hidden Objects
Use this function to reveal any objects that are hidden on the
PFD. You can access this function in two places:
•
•
PFD menu
Object Inspect menu
When you select the Show Hidden Objects command, the Show
Hidden Object property view appears. This property view allows
you to specify the hidden objects to be revealed. Select the
objects you want to show, then click the OK button.
Figure 10.30
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Graph Control
10.3.24 Printing the PFD
For more information see
Section 9.2.3 - Printing
the PFD.
All objects (Streams, Operations, Text, and PFD Tables) included
within the PFD property view can be printed. HYSYS prints the
PFD as it appears on the screen.
10.4 Graph Control
You can customize each individual plot in HYSYS using the Graph
Control tool. You can also modify many of the plot
characteristics. These options are grouped into the five tabs in
the Graph Control property view.
Figure 10.31
To access the Graph Control property view, do one of the
following:
•
•
Right-click any spot on an active plot and select the
Graph Control command from the Object Inspect menu.
Click in the plot area to make the plot the active property
view. Then, either double-click on the plot Title or Legend
to access the respective tab of the Graph Control
property view.
While the plot area has focus, you can click and drag on
either the Legend or Title to reposition the selected item.
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Edit Options
10-47
The changes made to a plot using the Graph Control tool are
specific to the active plot.
To make global changes that affect all plots, use the Colours
and Fonts pages on the Resources tab of the Session
Preferences property view.
10.4.1 Data Page Tab
For each data set on the plot, you can do the following:
•
•
•
•
•
View the data set Type
Modify the data set Name
Specify the Colour and Symbol that represent the data
on the plot
Select a Line Style
Show/hide the Symbol or Line
The Symbol drop-down list is not available for Bar Charts.
•
Show/hide the name in the Legend
Figure 10.32
List of available
data set in the
plot.
All changes instantaneously affect the plot. There is no need
to close the Graph Control property view to see the
modifications.
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Graph Control
To modify the appearance of a data set, select the name of the
set in the list of data sets. The information that corresponds to
the selected data set appears in the objects/options in the Data
tab. The following table lists and describes the options:
Object
Description
Type field
Displays the plot type (line or bar) of the selected data
set.
Name field
Enables you to modify the name of the selected data
set. If applicable, this is the name that appears in the
legend for the selected data set.
Colour field
Enables you to modify the colour of the selected data
set in the plot.
Symbol dropdown list
Enables you to select the point/symbol appearance of
the selected data set in the plot.
You need to select the Visible checkbox beside the
drop-donw list to display the symbols in the plot.
Line Style dropdown list
Enables you to select the line style of the selected data
set in the plot.
You need to select the Visible checkbox beside the
drop-down list to display the line in the plot.
Thickness field
Enables you to modify the line thickness of the selected
data set in the plot.
Show in Legend
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding the
selected data set in the legend.
Any changes that are made affect only the data set that is
selected in the list.
10.4.2 Axes Tab
From the Axes tab, you can do the following for each axis:
Refer to Section 10.5 Format Editor for
information regarding
value formatting.
•
•
•
•
Make changes to the Label name, font and units.
Show/Hide the Label name and/or units.
Define the axis bounds or use the Auto Scale function.
Format the axis values.
Any changes that are made affect only the axis that is
selected in the list.
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Edit Options
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Figure 10.33
List of axes in
the plot.
To make modifications to the appearance of an axis, select the
name in the list of axes. The information that corresponds to the
selected axis in the objects/options in the Axes tab. The
following table lists and describes the options:
Object
Description
Label group
Label field
Enables you to modify the name/label of the selected
axis.
You need to select the Visible checkbox beside the
field to display the axis lable in the plot.
Label drop-down
list
Enables you to select the unit type of the selected axis.
This drop-down list is only available if the Use Default
Units checkbox is clear.
You need to select the Visible checkbox beside the
drop-down list to display the unit in the plot.
Use Default Units
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between applying or ignoring the
default units for the selected axis.
Font display field
Enables you to access the Font Property View and
modify the font size and style of the selected axis.
Bounds group
Font display field
Use Auto Scale
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between activating or
deactivating HYSYS auto scale calculation for the
minimum value of the selected axis.
Minimum field
Enables you to specify the minimum value for the
selected axis.
You need to clear the Use Auto Scale checkbox to
activate this field.
Use Auto Scale
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between activating or
deactivating HYSYS auto scale calculation for the
maximum value of the selected axis.
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10-50
Graph Control
Object
Description
Maximum field
Enables you to specify the maximum value for the
selected axis.
You need to clear the Use Auto Scale checkbox to
activate this field.
Logarithmic Axis
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between logarithmic or original
value scale for the selected axis.
Format field
Displays the current value decimal format of the
selected axis.
Click the Ellipsis icon to access the Format Editor
property view.
Ellipsis icon
Font Property View
The Font property view enables you to modify the font type,
style, and size appearance for the selected text display variable.
To access the Font property view, double-click the Font display
field.
Font display field
Figure 10.34
•
•
•
•
In the Font list, use the scroll bar or type in the name of
the font type in the field to find the font type, then select
the type of font for the selected text display.
In the Font style list, select the style for the selected
text display.
In the Size list, select from the list a default font size or
type in the size value in the field.
In the Script drop-down list, open the list to select the
type of script for the selected text display.
10-50
Edit Options
•
•
•
10-51
The Sample group displays an example of how the
selected text will appear based on the selections from the
lists.
Click the OK button to accept the font modification(s)
and exit the Font property view
Click the Cancel button to ignore the font modifcation(s)
and exit the Font property view.
10.4.3 Title Tab
On the Title tab, you can do the following:
•
•
•
Change the default title name and font.
Select the colours for the text, background, and border
of the title.
Show/Hide the title, background, and border.
Figure 10.35
Object
Description
Text group
Text field
Enables you to specify a title for the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hidding
the title in the plot.
Colour field
Enables you to modify the colour of the title in the plot.
Font display field
Enables you to access the Font Property View and
modify the font size and style of the title in the plot.
Background group
Font display field
Background field
Enables you to modify the colour of the title
background in the plot.
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10-52
Graph Control
Object
Description
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding the
selected title background colour.
Border group
Border field
Enables you to modify the colour of the border
surrounding the title in the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding the
border surrounding the title in the plot.
10.4.4 Legend Tab
The Legend tab allows you to change the appearance and
location of the legend. You can do the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Change the colour of the border, background, or text.
Select the orientation: vertical or horizontal.
Show/Hide the border and background.
Enable automatic resizing of the legend upon
repositioning.
Place the legend in the foreground or background.
Figure 10.36
Object
Description
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the legend in the plot.
Border group
Border field
Enables you to modify the colour of the border
surrounding the legend in the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the border surrounding the legend in the plot.
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Edit Options
Object
10-53
Description
Background group
Background field
Enables you to modify the background colour of
the legend in the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the background colour of the legend in the plot.
Text group
Font display field
Text field
Enables you to modify the colour of the text in the
legend.
Font display field
Enables you to access the Font Property View
and modify the font size and style of the text in
the legend.
Alignment group
Dynamic checkbox
Enables you to toggle between activating or
deactivating the HYSYS auto-resize option when
the legend is repositioned in the plot area.
Vertical / Horizontal
radio buttons
Enables you to select the orientation of the legend.
10.4.5 Plot Area Tab
From the Plot Area tab, you can do the following:
•
•
Change the colour of the background, frame, and grid.
Show/Hide the background, frame, and grid.
Figure 10.37
10-53
10-54
Graph Control
Object
Description
Background group
Background field
Enables you to modify the background colour of
the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the background colour of the plot.
Frame group
Frame field
Enables you to modify the colour of the frame
surrounding the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the frame surrounding the plot.
Grid group
Grid field
Enables you to modify the colour of the grid in the
plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the grid in the plot.
Cross Hairs group
Cross Hairs field
Enables you to modify the colour of the cross hairs
when the cursor is within the plot.
Visible checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the cross hairs when the cursor is within the plot.
This checkbox is automatically selected, if either
the Vertical Component or Horizontal
Component checkbox is selected.
Vertical Component
checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the vertical cross hair when the cursor is within
the plot.
Horizontal
Component checkbox
Enables you to toggle between displaying or hiding
the horizontal cross hair when the cursor is within
the plot.
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Edit Options
10-55
10.5 Format Editor
The Real Format Editor can be accessed in the following
locations:
•
•
Workbook Setup property view
Graph Control property view
Figure 10.38
The layout of the Real Format Editor property view depends on the radio
button selected.
From the property view in the figure above, you can set the
format of values displayed in HYSYS. The Format Specification
group uses three radio buttons for the options available:
Format
Description
Exponential
The values are in exponential form with a specified number
of Significant digits. For example, 8546 appears as
8.546e+03 if 4 was specified in the Significant cell.
Fixed
Decimal
Point
Specify the maximum number of digits that appear before
the decimal point in the Whole cell (see above figure). If
the Whole cell limit is exceeded by a value in HYSYS,
exponential form is used. In the Decimal Digits cell, input
the number of digits that appear after the decimal point.
If you select the Display sign if zero checkbox, HYSYS
displays a + symbol in front of a value that appears as zero
using the current precision. For example, a composition of
0.000008 appears as zero when using a Decimal Digits
value of 4. With the checkbox selected, the cell shows
+0.0000 to signify that there is a small number present.
Significant
Figures
In the Significant cell, specify the number of significant
figures (between 0 and 9) that you want to display.
The Use Default button closes the Real Format Editor property
view and assigns the HYSYS default format to the associated
values.
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Format Editor
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Simulation Tools
11-1
11 Simulation Tools
11.1 Introduction................................................................................. 3
11.2 Workbook .................................................................................... 3
11.3 PFD .............................................................................................. 3
11.4 Case Summary ............................................................................. 4
11.5 Utilities ........................................................................................ 5
11.6 Reports ........................................................................................ 5
11.7 Databook ..................................................................................... 5
11.7.1
11.7.2
11.7.3
11.7.4
11.7.5
Databook Variables ................................................................. 5
Process Data Tables ................................................................ 8
Strip Charts ......................................................................... 10
Data Recorder...................................................................... 26
Case Studies........................................................................ 31
11.8 Face Plates................................................................................. 39
11.9 Dynamics Assistant .................................................................... 41
11.10 Control Manager ...................................................................... 42
11.11 Dynamic Profiling Tool ............................................................. 42
11.11.1 Profiling a Case .................................................................. 44
11.12 Snapshot Manager ................................................................... 46
11.12.1 Local Snapshots Tab............................................................ 47
11.12.2 Real Time Monitor............................................................... 49
11.12.3 External Snapshots ............................................................. 50
11-1
11-2
Simulation Tools
11.13 Script Manager .........................................................................53
11.13.1 Recording a New Script ....................................................54
11.13.2 Script Playback ...............................................................55
11.14 Macro Language Editor .............................................................55
11.15 Case Security ............................................................................57
11.15.1
11.15.2
11.15.3
11.15.4
11.15.5
Locking a HYSYS Case......................................................58
Loading a Locked HYSYS Case...........................................60
File Security Setup ..........................................................61
Unlocking a Case.............................................................70
Activate Runtime Mode.....................................................71
11.16 Echo ID.....................................................................................77
11.17 Export Case to Aspen Icarus .....................................................77
11.18 Correlation Manager .................................................................78
11.18.1
11.18.2
11.18.3
11.18.4
11.18.5
11.18.6
11.18.7
11.18.8
Adding Property Correlations to Streams ............................80
Removing Property Correlations from Streams.....................81
Cloning Property Correlations ............................................81
Deleting Cloned Property Correlations ................................82
Adding Correlation Sets to Streams....................................83
Deleting a Correlation Set.................................................84
Gas Properties Correlation ................................................85
RVP Properties ................................................................90
11.19 Case Collaboration ....................................................................94
11.19.1
11.19.2
11.19.3
11.19.4
Available Streams Tab ......................................................98
Unit Operations Tab .......................................................100
Messaging Tab ..............................................................102
Published Streams Tab ...................................................103
11.20 External Data Linker ...............................................................103
11.20.1 Design Tab ...................................................................104
11.20.2 Revision History Tab.......................................................107
11.21 Variable Navigator ..................................................................108
11.21.1 Selecting a Variable .......................................................108
11-2
Simulation Tools
11-3
11.1 Introduction
This chapter provides information about the tools available in
the Tools menu. To access the Tools menu commands, use one
of the following methods:
•
•
•
Click the Tools menu in the menu bar.
Press ALT T.
Press just the ALT key to move the active location to the
File menu in the menu bar.
When you press the ALT key, the menu bar is active and you
can navigate it using the keyboard. The UP and DOWN arrow
keys move through the menu associated with a specific item,
while the left and right arrows move you to the next menu bar
item, automatically opening the associated menu.
Tools menu
If you want to switch focus from the menu bar without making a
selection, press the ESC key or the ALT key.
11.2 Workbook
The Workbook command opens the HYSYS Workbook. Refer to
Section 7.23 - Workbook for more information on using the
Workbook.
11.3 PFD
The PFD command opens the HYSYS PFD. The information on
this command is covered in Section 7.24 - PFD.
To add objects into the PFD, refer to Chapter 8 - HYSYS
Objects.
11-3
11-4
Case Summary
11.4 Case Summary
To open the Select Summary property view, do the following:
1. Select the Summaries command from the Tools menu.
2. From the list of available flowsheets, select the flowsheet
you want to view.
3. Click the View button to display the Summary property
view. The Summary property view provides an alternative
way of adding, editing, and deleting streams and unit
operation in specific flowsheets.
Figure 11.1
The Flowsheet Streams group is used for adding, editing, and
deleting streams in the selected flowsheet. The stream list
contains all of the streams available in the selected flowsheet.
Select more than one object at a time by holding down the
CTRL key and then clicking each object you want to select.
The Unit Operations group is used for adding, editing, and
deleting unit operations in the selected flowsheet. The unit
operation list contains all of the unit operations available in the
selected flowsheet.
Upon deleting a stream or unit operation, you are prompted to
confirm the deletion.
11-4
Simulation Tools
11-5
11.5 Utilities
The Utilities command opens the Available Utilities property
view. Refer to Section 7.26 - Utilities for more information on
utilities.
11.6 Reports
The Reports command opens the Report Manager. Refer to
Section 9.3 - Reports for more information on using the
Report Manager.
11.7 Databook
The Databook is used for systematically analyzing data and lets
you monitor key process variables in both Steady State and
Dynamics modes. Variables for all Databook features are
selected in a single location and can be activated from the main
list for each application.
There is only one Databook in each HYSYS case, which
contains variables from all flowsheets.
To access the Databook, use one of the following methods:
•
•
Select the Databook command from the Tools menu.
Press the CTRL D hot key combination.
11.7.1 Databook Variables
All variables used by the Databook are managed through the
Variables tab.
The Variables tab enables you to attach as many variables to
the Databook as required.
11-5
11-6
Databook
Figure 11.2
Adding a Variable
Refer to Section 11.21 Variable Navigator for
information regarding the
Variable Navigator.
Use this procedure to add a variable to the Databook.
1. Click the Insert button to display the Variable Navigator
property view.
Figure 11.3
Select the Unit
Ops radio
button to view
only Unit Ops
variables.
2. From the list of available flowsheets, select the flowsheet in
which the object is located.
Click the Cancel button at any time to close the Variable
Navigator without accepting any changes.
3. From the list of available objects, select the object
containing the variable.
11-6
Simulation Tools
11-7
4. From the list of available variables, select the variable you
want to add. Some variables (for example, Comp Mass Flow)
require that you select a variable specific.
5. Click in the Variable Description field and type a description
for the variable (optional).
6. Click OK. The variable appears in the list of available data
entries on the Variable tab.
Editing a Variable
Refer to Section 11.21 Variable Navigator for
information about the
Variable Navigator.
Use this procedure to edit a variable in the Databook.
1. From the list of available data entries, select the variable you
want to edit.
2. Click the Edit button. The Variable Navigator property view
appears. This property view lets you change the flowsheet,
object, variable and description of the variable.
3. Make the required changes, then click OK, or click the
Cancel button to close the property view without making
changes.
Deleting a Variable
Use this procedure to delete a variable from the Databook.
1. From the list of available data entries, select the variable you
want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion, so ensure
you have selected the correct variable.
When a variable is deleted, it is removed from all features in
the Databook.
11-7
11-8
Databook
11.7.2 Process Data Tables
Process data tables are installed individually through the Process
Data Tables tab. Use this tab to view, add, or delete customized
process data tables. For each table, add any combination of key
process variables from the list of available variables. Variables
can be used in multiple process data tables.
Figure 11.4
Lists all the
process data
tables in the
case.
Views the selected process data table.
Supply a descriptive
name for the
selected process
data table.
When the Show
checkbox is
selected, the
variable is added to
the selected process
data table.
Adds a new
process data
table.
Deletes the
selected
process data
table.
Removes all of the
variables from the
process data table.
Accesses the DDE Notify view, so you
can set up the process data table to
trigger a DDE command as a result of
the timestep event trigger.
Adds all of the
variables to the
process data
table.
Selects all clear
checkboxes and clears all
selected checkboxes.
Variables for the process data table are selected on the
Variables tab of the Databook.
Adding a Process Data Table
1. Click the Add button. A process data table with default name
ProcData1 appears in the list of available tables. If
required, type a new name in the Process Data Table field.
2. Select the Show checkbox for each variable you want
displayed in this process data table.
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Simulation Tools
11-9
Viewing a Process Data Table
1. From the list of available process data tables, click the
process data table you want to view.
2. Click the View button. The Process Data Table property view
appears.
Figure 11.5
Click the View Databook button to open the Databook if it is
closed.
The Process Data Table shows the following for each variable:
•
•
•
•
Object that the variable is attached to.
Variable description.
Current value.
Units of the value.
Deleting a Process Data Table
1. From the list of available process data tables, click the
process data table you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion, so ensure
you have selected the correct variable.
When a Process Data Table is deleted, the variables
associated with it are not deleted from the Databook.
11-9
11-10
Databook
11.7.3 Strip Charts
Use the strip chart tool to monitor the response of key process
variables during dynamics calculations. Strip charts let you
monitor the behaviour of process variables in a graphical format
while calculations proceed. Current and historical values for
each strip chart are also tabulated for further examination.
Variables for the strip chart are selected on the Variables tab
of the Databook.
Strip charts are installed individually using the Strip Charts tab.
You can have multiple strip charts, with each having an
unlimited number of variables charted. The same variable can
be used in more than one Strip Chart, so the use of multiple
strip charts with a maximum of six variables per strip chart is
recommended.
Figure 11.6
Displays all
the strip
charts in the
case.
Views the history
data of the selected
strip chart.
Opens the
selected strip
chart.
Displays the
current values
of variables in
the selected
strip chart.
Supplies a descriptive
name for the selected
strip chart.
The interval
length of the
sample. The
current data is
only stored for
this amount of
time.
Adds a new
strip chart.
Deletes the
selected strip
chart.
Opens the
Logger Set-Up
Property View.
Opens the Logger
Set-Up-All Property
View.
When selected, the associated
variable is plotted on the
selected strip chart.
11-10
Simulation Tools
11-11
Logger Set-Up Property View
The Logger Set-Up property view allows you to modify the
following options of the selected strip chart in the Available Strip
Charts group:
•
•
The amount of data that the strip chart keeps and
displays in the graph.
The frequency the strip chart records and displays the
data.
For example, if the Logger Size has a value of 250 and the
Sample Interval has a value of 5 seconds, the strip chart stores
and displays 250 values, and each value was recorded every 5
seconds. So the amount of time range displayed in the strip
chart is 1250 seconds or 20 minutes and 50 seconds.
Logger Set-Up-All Property View
The Logger Set-Up-All property view allows you to modify the
following options of all the strip charts in the Available Strip
Charts group:
•
•
The amount of data that the strip chart keeps and
displays in the graph.
The frequency the strip chart records and displays the
data.
Figure 11.7
Adding a Strip Chart
Use this procedure to add a strip chart to the Databook.
1. Click the Add button to display a strip chart with default
name DataLogger1 in the list of available strip charts. If
11-11
11-12
Databook
necessary, type a new name in the Logger Name field.
2. Click the Active checkbox for each variable that you want to
display in this strip chart.
Variables can exist in more than one strip chart.
Deleting a Strip Chart
Use this procedure too delete a strip chart from the Databook.
1. From the list of available strip charts, click on the strip chart
you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion, so ensure
you have selected the correct strip chart.
When a strip chart is deleted, the attached variables are not
deleted from the Databook.
Viewing a Strip Chart
Use this procedure to view a strip chart.
1. From the list of available strip charts, select the strip chart
you want to view.
2. Click the Strip Chart button.
When the Integrator is active, the strip chart begins to
accumulate data points.
11-12
Simulation Tools
11-13
The Strip Chart property view appears.
Figure 11.8
The Legend displays the names and
formats of the variables as they appear
on the strip chart.
By default, like variables are grouped under a similar
axis range, however, you can create your own y-axis
in the Graph Controls property view.
Current values
of the strip
chart variables.
Strip chart
variables are
grouped into
their unit sets.
Grouped
variables share
the same y-axis
range.
Interval
markers are
used to
measure
variables at
certain
instances in
the strip chart.
Time is always
on the x-axis.
You can manipulate the information displayed on the strip chart
within the Strip Chart property view. There are several functions
you can perform directly on the strip chart; these are described
in the following sections.
Selecting Curves
The y-axis displays the range and units of a specific strip chart
variable depending on the variable selected. Select a curve
using one of the following methods:
•
Click any part of the variable curve in the strip chart.
11-13
11-14
Databook
•
Right-click the strip chart and click the Select Curve
command, then from the sub-menu select the required
variable.
Figure 11.9
Manipulating the Y-Axis Range
Use this procedure to manipulate the y-axis range of the strip
chart.
1. Position the cursor over an empty space in the strip chart.
Cursor
Description
When the cursor is in the background of the strip chart, the
following cursor appears. You can move along the strip
chart in any direction.
If you simply want to move vertically across the strip chart,
move the cursor on or near a curve and the following cursor
appears.
2. Click and hold the mouse button until a multi-directional
cursor appears.
3. Drag the strip chart up if you want to display a lower range
of values on the y-axis, or, drag the strip chart down if you
want to display a higher range of values.
By default, strip chart curves are grouped into their unit sets.
For example, all temperature variables are associated and
displayed with the same y-axis range and units. By manipulating
the range of a temperature variable in the strip chart, you
change the range of all temperature variables associated with
that axis.
11-14
Simulation Tools
11-15
If you want to associate a different range with a variable in the
strip chart, you must first create your own axis. Refer to the
Graph Control section for more information.
Manipulating the X-Axis Range
The range of sampled data displayed in the strip chart can be
manipulated. Below the x-axis, a set of colours appear to
indicate what range of sampled data are in the strip chart.
Scroll across the strip chart by the x-axis or by selecting the
light blue section of the Log Controller bar with the cursor.
The following cursor appears
.
Move the cursor along the bar to the interval you want to
view.
Increase or decrease the range of sampled data and scroll the
strip chart over a range of recorded strip chart data. Depending
on the amount of data already recorded in the strip chart
property view, the Log Controller bar, shown in the figure below,
appears below the x-axis.
Figure 11.10
Each colour (from left to right) in the Log Controller bar is
described in the following table:
Colour
Definition
Gray Bar
There is no data in the strip chart.
Dark Blue
Bar
Strip chart data is recorded.
Red Marker
Indicates where the first data displayed in the strip chart is
located in the overall data set. Expand the range of display
by “dragging” the red marker to the left (away from the
yellow marker) and decrease the displayed range by
dragging the red marker right (towards the yellow marker).
11-15
11-16
Databook
Colour
Definition
Light Blue
Bar
Indicates where the data displayed on the strip chart is
located in the overall data set.
Yellow
Marker
Indicates where the displayed data ends. Expand the
displayed range by “dragging” the yellow marker to the
right (away from the red marker) and decrease the
displayed range of data by dragging the yellow marker left
(towards the red marker).
Creating Interval Markers
Interval markers are used to measure variables at certain
instances in the strip chart. The strip chart variable value
appears next to the intersecting point of the interval marker and
the strip chart variable curve. Up to four interval markers can be
added to the strip chart.
1. Ensure the most recent data appears on the strip chart. The
light blue portion of the Log Controller Bar should be located
to the far right of the x-axis.
2. Place the cursor on the right edge of the strip chart. A left
arrow
replaces the cursor.
3. Click and drag the interval marker across the strip chart.
Release the mouse button when the interval marker is in the
required location.
Zooming in on the Strip Chart
Use this procedure to focus or zoom in on an area of the strip
chart.
Zoom Strip Chart cursor
1. Press and hold the SHIFT key and press and hold the right
mouse button until the cursor changes to a magnifying
glass.
2. Drag the cursor until a box encompasses an area in the strip
chart.
11-16
Simulation Tools
11-17
3. Release the mouse button and the SHIFT key. The y-axis
scaling changes to reflect the zoom selection.
Figure 11.11
11-17
11-18
Databook
Object Inspect menu
The following commands appear in the strip chart Object Inspect
menu.
For more information, see
the Graph Control
section.
Option
Description
Graph
Control
Customize the appearance of the strip chart and modify
curve and axis parameters.
Legend
Opens the Legend property view.
The Legend property view displays all the Curve Names,
Colours, and Line Styles associated with the variables in the
strip chart.
• Modify the curve name by clicking in the Curve Name
field of the appropriate variable and typing in a new
name.
• Modify the colour by double-clicking in the Colour field
of the appropriate variable and selecting the new
colour from the colour palette.
• Modify the line style by clicking in the Line Style field
of the appropriate variable and selecting a new line
style from the drop-down list.
Select Curve
Select a curve on the strip chart.
Auto Scale
Curve
The bounds for the y-axis of the selected curve are
automatically set.
Copy to
Clipboard
Copies the selected property view/information to the
clipboard for storage and later use. Also, modifies the
percentage of the object’s size being stored.
Print Plot
Prints the strip chart as it appears on the screen.
Print Setup
Opens the Print Setup property view so you can modify any
print options associated with printing the strip chart.
Graph Control
To open the Strip Chart Configuration property view, click the
Graph Control command in the strip chart Object Inspect menu.
Use this property view to modify the characteristics of the strip
chart.
11-18
Simulation Tools
11-19
General Tab
Use the General tab to format the appearance of the strip chart.
Figure 11.12
Checkboxes are used to modify
the appearance of the strip
chart. Select the appropriate
checkbox to display the option
on the strip chart.
Select the Visible checkbox to make the
background, grid, or frame colours visible.
Select a colour for the item by double-clicking
the colour field and selecting a colour from the
colour palette.
Opens the Setup
Logger property
view. This property
view lets you
specify logger
sample size and
sample interval.
Opens the
Databook property
view.
11-19
11-20
Databook
Curves Tab
The Curves tab is used to modify the appearance of individual
curves in the strip chart. You can also modify how strip chart
variables, variable titles, and units appear on this tab.
Figure 11.13
The Object/Variable and Display Label fields
display the strip chart curve names. By
default, the Display Label is copied from the
Object/Variable field. Change what is
actually displayed in the strip chart by
modifying the Display Label field.
Select the Show Curve checkbox
to display or hide the selected
curve. Select the Live Values
checkbox to display the most recent
calculated strip chart values.
Select the units of the curve
from the drop-down list.
Select a specific strip
chart variable to modify
plot characteristics.
Modify the curve colour
and line style in this
group. Select a colour
for the item by doubleclicking the Colour field
and selecting a colour
from the colour palette.
Select the line style from
the drop-down list.
Displays the axis associated with
the selected strip chart variable.
Use the drop-down list to select
any of the axes currently created
on the Axes tab for the same
variable type.
Opens the
Databook
property
view.
Opens the Setup
Logger property
view. Specify logger
sample size and
sample interval.
Deletes the
selected curve.
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Axes Tab
The Axes tab allows you to create, modify, and delete the yaxes.
Figure 11.14
Select an axis to
modify.
The Curves group Lists all the variables that
are associated with the selected axis.
Object
Description
Label field
Allows you to change the label name of the selected
vertical axis (y-axis) in the strip chart.
Units field
Allows you to change the unit label of the selected
vertical axis by using the drop-down list.
Approx Num of
Intervals field
Allows you to set the number of intervals on the
vertical axis.
Scaling group
The Scaling group contains the following objects:
• Current row. Displays the actual high and low
range values of the axis.
• Default row. Displays the HYSYS default high
and low range values of the axis.
• Set button. Allows you to copy the ranges from
the Current row into the Default row.
• Use button. Allows you to copy the default
ranges from the Default row into the Current row.
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Databook
Object
Description
Auto Scale group
This group contains the following objects:
• All Points radio button. Allows you to
automatically adjust the scale to best show all of
the data points available.
• Current Time Frame radio button. Allows you
to automatically adjust the scale to best show all
the data points available within the current time
frame.
• Automatic Auto Scale checkbox. When you
select this checkbox, HYSYS automatically
calculates the most suitable scale setting for all
the axes in the strip chart. Clear this checkbox to
allow user-specified scaling.
The Automatic Auto Scale checkbox is
automatically cleared when you move the curves,
adjust the grid, zoom in/out, or scales a single
curve in the strip chart.
• AutoScale button. Automatically adjust the high
and low range values for all axes. The AutoScale
button is automatically disabled when the
Automatic Auto Scale checkbox is active.
New Axis button
Allows you to create a new axis in the strip chart.
Delete Axis
button
Allows you to delete the selected axis created by the
user. The HYSYS default axes cannot be deleted.
Axis Display
group
Select the Show All checkbox to display all the vertical
axes with individual scale settings in the strip chart.
Clear to display only one selected axis.
Time Axis Tab
The Time Axis tab allows you to modify the display and range of
the x-axis.
Figure 11.15
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The following table lists and describes the objects on the Time
Axis tab.
Object
Description
Units group
This group contains four radio buttons:
• Seconds. Displays the time in seconds on
the x-axis.
• Minutes. Displays the time in minutes on the
x-axis.
• Hours. Select to have the time displayed in
hours on the x-axis.
• Formatted. Select to have the time
displayed in standard time display (for
example, hour:minute:second.second).
Enter time using the following format:
HHH:MM:SS.S
Low Time field
Allows you to enter the low range value of the time
shown on the x-axis on the strip chart.
High Time field
Allows you to enter the high range value of the
time shown on the x-axis on the strip chart.
Delta Time field
Allows you to enter the difference between the
high and low range value of time. If the Low Time
and High Time fields are specified, the Delta Time
field shows the time difference.
Customize Time
Interval checkbox
When you select this checkbox, the Time
Interval field is enabled. In the Time Interval
field, you can specify the size of each time interval
on the x-axis.
Enable group
Allows you to show the time axis label on the strip
chart. When you clear the Time Axis Visible
checkbox, the time axis label is removed from the
strip chart.
Open Databook
button
Opens the Databook property view.
Set-up Logger button
Opens the Setup Logger property view which
allows you to specify the logger sample size and
the sample interval.
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Databook
Printing Tab
The Printing tab is used to control the printed output of the strip
chart.
Figure 11.16
Toggles the title
on and off.
Allows you to write
comments
concerning the strip
chart.
In the Options
group, you can
select what you
want to print with
the strip chart.
Notes Tab
To see all notes entered in
the simulation case, refer
to Section 7.19 - Notes
Manager.
Enter notes or comments about the strip chart in the notes tab
to let others know what the chart displays.
Figure 11.17
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Viewing Historical Data
1. From the list of available strip charts, select the strip chart
you want to view.
2. Click the Historical button. The Historical Data property
view appears.
Figure 11.18
You can resize
the Historical
Data property
view to see more
information.
The Historical Data property view records the data history for
the variables on a strip chart. The number of points recorded
and the time between points is determined by the logger size
and sample interval values specified in the Logger Set-Up
property view. All data in the Historical Data property view are
displayed in ascending order by default (the Ascending
checkbox is selected automatically). You can clear the
Ascending checkbox to display the data in descending order.
Exporting Historical Data
1. Click either the Save To .CSV File or Save To .DMP File
button. The Save File property view appears.
2. Specify the name and location of your history file.
3. Click Save.
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Databook
Viewing Current Data
1. From the list of available strip charts, select the strip chart
you want to view.
2. Click the Current button. The Current Data property view
appears.
Figure 11.19
11.7.4 Data Recorder
The Data Recorder tab lets you store snapshots of your process
by grouping key process variables into different scenarios. You
can manipulate the process in the current case and then record
the results for the variables you are monitoring. Each scenario
created can have an unlimited number of snapshots, called
States.
Figure 11.20
Displays all
scenarios in
the case.
Deletes the
selected
scenario.
Views the
recorded states
of the selected
scenario in
tabular or
graphical
format.
Adds a new
scenario.
Records a state (the current
values of the variables) for the
selected scenario.
Provide a
descriptive name
for the selected
scenario in this
cell.
When the Include
checkbox is
selected, the
associated variable
is added to the
selected scenario.
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11-27
Variables for the data recorder are selected on the Variables
tab of the Databook.
Adding a Scenario
1. Click the Add button.
A scenario with the default name Scenario 1 appears in the
list of available scenarios. If required, type a new name in
the Current Scenario field.
You can create an unlimited number of scenarios.
2. From the list of available variables, select the Include
checkbox for each process variable you want to add to the
scenario.
Variables can be included in more than one scenario.
Recording States
When you make changes to your process, you can record the
values of the key variables contained in the scenario.
1. From the list of available scenarios, select the scenario you
want to use.
2. Click the Record button.
The New Solved State property view appears.
New Solved State
property view
The initial default name for the new state is State1. Each
time you click the Record button, the integer value in the
state name incrementally increases. If required, modify the
State name directly in the Name for New State field.
If adding a variable to a Scenario after States are recorded,
values for the new variable do not appear in the previously
recorded States.
3. Click the OK button. The key process variables of the
selected Scenario are recorded.
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Databook
Repeat these steps each time you want to record the process
variables in the scenario. You can record an unlimited number of
states for a given scenario.
Viewing a Scenario
States within a scenario can be viewed in either tabular or
graphical format.
1. From the list of available scenarios, select the scenario you
want to view.
If you crate more than one scenario, the scenarios are
grouped in a Notebook format.
2. Select either the Table or Graph radio button.
3. Click the View button. The Data Recorder property view
appears.
Figure 11.21
Modify the name of
the state in the
State row.
Returns the existing
state names to the
HYSYS default (for
example, State1 and
State2).
Opens the Data
Recorder Setup
property view.
Deletes the active
scenario from the
Databook.
These radio buttons let you to
toggle between tabular and
graphical formats.
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Figure 11.22
Refer to Section 10.4 Graph Control for
information about
customizing plots.
Customize the scenario plot by accessing the Graph Control
property view. Right-click anywhere on the plot area and select
the Graph Control command from the Object Inspect menu.
If more than two variables are active in the Data Recorder
Setup view, only the first two are plotted.
Deleting a Scenario
1. From the list of available scenarios, select the scenario you
want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of a
scenario, so ensure the correct scenario is selected before
deleting.
When a scenario is deleted, the attached variables are not
deleted from the Databook.
Deleting a State
1. From the list of available scenarios, select the scenario you
want to view.
2. Select either the Table radio button or the View button. The
Data Recorder property view appears.
3. Click in the column of the state you want to delete.
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Databook
4. Press the DELETE key.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of a state,
so ensure the correct state is selected before deleting.
Data Recorder Setup
The Data Recorder Setup property view provides a list of all
scenarios installed in the Databook. From this property view,
select the variables that appear in the table and on the y-axis of
the plot for each scenario. There is a limit of two y-axis variables
per plot.
Figure 11.23
Select the variables you want to display.
1. From the list of available scenarios, select the scenario you
want to modify.
2. From the list of variables, select the Active checkbox for the
variable(s) to be displayed on the plot and in the table.
The following buttons are also available in this property view:
Button
Description
Add
Adds a scenario to the Databook.
Delete
Removes the selected scenario from the Databook.
Results
Opens the Data Recorder property view to the tab of the
selected scenario.
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11.7.5 Case Studies
Use the case study tool to monitor the response of key process
variables to changes in your steady state process.
1. From the list of variables created on the Variables tab,
designate the independent and dependent variables for each
case study.
2. For each independent variable, specify a lower and upper
bound, as well as a step size.
Variables for the case study are selected on the Variables tab
of the Databook.
The independent variables are varied one at a time and with
each change, the dependent variables are calculated and a new
state is defined. As you define the bounds and step size of the
independent variables, the number of states that are calculated
are shown.
After the case study solves, examine the states in a table or
view the results in a plot. Although you can select as many
variables as you want for a case study, a maximum of three
variables can be shown on a plot.
Since a maximum of two independent variables can be
plotted, limit the number of states and minimize solution
time by selecting only two independent variables per case
study.
One independent variable and two dependent variables produce
a two-dimensional plot while two independent variables and a
single dependent variable appear on a three-dimensional graph.
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Databook
Figure 11.24
Deletes the selected
case study.
Adds a new
case study.
Provides a descriptive name
for the case study.
Displays all the
available case
studies.
Select the
independent and
dependent
variables for the
selected case
study by clicking
the appropriate
checkboxes.
Opens the Case
Studies Setup
property view.
Select either a
tabular or
graphical format
for the results of
the selected case
study.
Opens the Case Studies property view.
Adding a Case Study
1. Click the Add button. A scenario with the default name Case
Study 1 appears in the list of available case studies. If
necessary, type a new name in the Current Case Study
field.
2. In the Case Studies Data Selection group, select the Ind
checkbox for the independent variables that HYSYS varies.
Use the same variables in different case studies.
3. Select the Dep checkbox for the calculated dependent
variables.
Deleting a Case Study
1. From the list of available case studies, select the case study
you want to delete.
2. Click the Delete button.
You will not be prompted to confirm the deletion of a case
study, so ensure the correct case study is selected before
deleting.
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When a case study is deleted, the attached variables are not
deleted from the Databook.
Defining a Case Study
1. From the list of available case studies, select the case study
you want to define.
2. Select the independent and dependent variables for the
selected case study by selecting the corresponding
checkboxes.
3. Click the View button.
The Case Studies Setup property view appears.
Figure 11.25
You can add and delete case studies from the Case Studies
Setup property view, but you cannot select the dependent
and independent variables.
4. Click the Independent Variables Setup tab.
5. For each of the independent variables listed in the table,
specify values for the following parameters:
• Low Bound
• High Bound
• Step Size
The number of states for the case study are automatically
calculated and displayed in the Number of States field.
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Databook
A maximum of two independent variables can be plotted. If
more than two are used in a case study, graphical results are
not available.
6. Click the Start button to begin calculations. At any time
during the calculations, click the Stop button to stop
calculating.
7. Click the Failed States tab.
Figure 11.26
If any of the states could not solve, these states and the unit
operation associated with failure appear on this tab.
8. From the list of available failed states, click the failed state
to see the value at which the independent variable failed.
9. Click the Display Properties tab.
Figure 11.27
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11-35
If two independent variables are selected, only the first
selected dependent variable appears on the plot. If one
independent variable is used, the first two selected
dependent variables are shown on the plot.
10. From the list of available dependent variables, select the
variables for which you want to show results.
11. Click the Results button. The Case Studies property view.
appears.
Viewing Case Study Results
The states contained within a case study can be viewed in either
tabular or graphical format.
1. From the list of available case studies, select the case study
you want to view.
2. Select either the Table or Graph radio button.
3. Click the View button.
The Case Studies property view appears.
Figure 11.28
Click the state cell
and modify the
name.
Renames the
existing states to
the default names;
State1, State2,
State3, etc.
Deletes the active
case study.
To delete a
state, rightclick an
associated cell
and select
Delete from
the menu.
Opens the
Case Studies
Setup property
view.
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11-36
Databook
Figure 11.29
Click the tab to
move between
case studies.
These radio
buttons let you
toggle between
tabular and
graphical format.
Refer to Section 10.4 Graph Control for more
information about
customizing plots.
Customize the scenario plot by accessing the Graph Control
property view. Right-click anywhere on the plot area and select
the Graph Control command from the Object Inspect menu.
Multi-Dimensional Graphing
When conducting case studies that involve two independent
variables, these results are plotted in a three-dimensional
graphing environment.
Figure 11.30
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11-37
If the case study is run with two independent variables, it
automatically plots three-dimensionally.
The limits of the system allow for only three dimensions. Any
more than two independent variables results in no graph
being produced.
Multi-Dimensional Graph Control
To access the graph control, place the cursor over the plot and
right-click. The Object Inspect menu appears. Select the Graph
Control command and the Graph Control property view appears.
Figure 11.31
Some of the options in
the Graph Control
property view can also
be found in the Object
Inspect menu.
The Azimuth field defines the angle between a horizontal plane
and the XY plane of the plot. This means that an azimuth of 0.0
results in a property view of the XY plane as a single horizontal
line across the screen. The azimuth can be manipulated by
clicking in the Azimuth field, entering a value, and then clicking
the Apply button.
The Angle field defines the angle between the vertical and the
XZ (YZ) plane of the plot. Increasing the angle causes the graph
to rotate counter-clockwise. The angle can be manipulated by
clicking in the Angle field, entering a value, and clicking the
Apply button.
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Databook
Alternatively, the angle and azimuth can be manipulated by
pressing the arrow buttons of the keypad in the View Control
group. The action of each arrow button is explained in the figure
below.
Figure 11.32
Decrease angle and
increase azimuth
Increase
azimuth.
Decrease angle
Decrease angle and
decrease azimuth
Increase angle and
decrease azimuth
Increase angle
Decrease
azimuth
Increase angle and
decrease azimuth
The Plane Slice group is used to examine two-dimensional plots
taken from the XZ, XY, and YZ plane. The appropriate twodimensional plot is specified by selecting one of the radio
buttons. The two-dimensional plot can be examined by clicking
the View button.
A sample plot using the plane slice method appears in the figure
below:
Figure 11.33
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11-39
The planar slice can be moved through the plot by pressing the
right and left arrow buttons located within the Plane Slice group.
11.8 Face Plates
Refer to Section 5.13.2
- Controller Face Plate
in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
more information.
The face plate provides all pertinent information about a
controller. To access the Face Plates Manager, select the Face
Plates command from the Tools menu, or press the CTRL F hot
key.
Figure 11.34
The Face Plate Manager lets you quickly search all available
flowsheets in the case and open the faceplate of the controller
you want.
Opening a Face Plate
1. From the list of available flowsheets, select the flowsheet
you want to search.
2. From the list of logical operations, select the controller for
which you want to view the face plate.
3. Click the Open button to display the face plate for that
controller.
OR
1. If you know the name of the controller, but not the location,
click the Find button. The Find Object property view
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Face Plates
appears.
2. Type in the name of the controller, then click OK. The
controller property view appears, giving you access to all the
controller parameters and the controllers face plate.
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11-41
Face Plate Types
Change the appearance of all face plates in the flowsheet by
clicking the Type button. Two types of face plates available are
Fixed Size (the default) and Scalable. Both types appear in the
figure below.
Figure 11.35
With these radio
buttons, you can
select the
controller mode:
Fixed Size Face Plate
Scalable Face Plate
• Manual
• Automatic
• Cascade
When the scalable face plate type is selected, you can change
the face plate font by clicking the Set Font button in the Face
Plate Manager.
11.9 Dynamics Assistant
For more information
about the Dynamics
Assistant, see Section
2.2 - Dynamics
Assistant in the HYSYS
Dynamic Modeling
guide.
The Dynamics Assistant provides a quick method for ensuring
that a correct set of pressure flow specifications is used. The
Assistant can be used when initially preparing your case for
dynamics, or when opening an old HYSYS 1.x dynamics case.
The Assistant makes recommendations for specifying your
model in Dynamics mode. You do not have to follow all the
suggestions. It is recommended that you be aware of the
effects of each change you make.
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Control Manager
11.10 Control Manager
For more information
about the Control
Manager see Section 2.6
- Control Manager in
the HYSYS Dynamic
Modeling guide.
The Control Manager command opens the Control Manager
property view. This property view contains a summary of the
PID Controllers and MPC Controllers contained within the current
simulation.
11.11 Dynamic Profiling
Tool
The Dynamic Profiling Tool logs the CPU time spent in the main
modules of a case during dynamic simulation. Therefore, it
allows you to compare the speed of the modules within the case.
Figure 11.36
There are two groups in the Dynamic Profiling Tool property
view:
•
•
Profiling Controls
Profiling Results
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Profiling Controls
The buttons found in the Profiling Controls group are:
•
•
•
Start Profiling. The profiling tool begins to record data
from an active case.
Stop Profiling. The profiling tools stops recording data
from a case.
Clear Results. This clears the results that are currently
in the Profiling Results group.
Profiling Results
The Profiling Results group displays a table with four categories
and their corresponding radio buttons. The table displays the
following information:
•
•
•
•
Cost. The CPU cost of an object for a certain integration
time. The CPS time associated with flashes is attributed
to the object and not the pressure flow solver module.
Name. The name you have given to the object in your
case.
Type. The type of object in your case (for example,
valve, separator, and feeder block).
Converge Problems. The status of the pressure flow
solver convergence problems associated with a module.
The checkbox is selected if the module requires four or
more pressure flow solver iterations during the
integration period. Four iterations represents a high
iteration count.
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Dynamic Profiling Tool
11.11.1 Profiling a Case
To profile a case:
1. From the Tools menu, select Dynamic Profiling Tool. The
Dynamic Profiling Tool property view appears.
2. Ensure that the StripChart property view and Dynamic
Profiling Tool property view are both visible.
Figure 11.37
3. Click the Start Profiling button.
4. Click the Integrator Active icon.
Integrator icons
Green = Active
Red = Holding
You should run the profiling tool until there is no significant
change in the order of the results when it is sorted by cost.
5. When you want to stop logging the profiling data, click the
Integrator Holding icon.
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11-45
6. Click the Stop Profiling button and the results are displayed
in the table in the Profiling Results group.
Figure 11.38
If you start the profiling tool again after receiving results, it
will ask if you want to clear your current results or add to
them. Click the Yes button if you want to clear the results, or
click the No button if you want the results to accumulate.
7. You can sort the results by Cost, Name, Type, or
Convergence Problems by clicking on the corresponding
radio button.
The information in the Converge Problems column of the
profiling results is most useful to a developer and not the
general user. The checkbox is selected if a module requires four
or more pressure flow solver iterations during the integration
period. A high convergence count may be associated with a
particular operating region, or stiff or non-linear equations
associated with that module. This information is useful to a
developer in debugging a particular problem with a case that
could be improved via code changes. If a user has written their
own extension and they are having problems (for example, case
is running really slow) the convergence problems information
may direct them to look at certain pressure flow equations in
their extension.
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Snapshot Manager
The Profiling Tool can be useful in a variety of ways, especially
when you are trying to investigate why a dynamics case is
running particularly slow. When you compare the profiling
results from two runs of the same case, you can point to
problems with a unit operation/module if it is particularly
expensive in one of the runs.
As well, you can compare the profiling results by object type.
For example, if one valve is much more expensive than the rest,
then that valve deserves some investigation.
11.12 Snapshot Manager
The Snapshot Manager allows you to create a snapshot of the
simulation during dynamics modeling. A snapshot is a file that
contains the state of the simulation at a particular time when
the integrator is still running. Snapshot files allow you to trace
back to a specific point in the simulation and review the results
calculated at that time. This is especially useful for Operation
Training System (OTS) applications, where the instructor can
routinely save the state of the simulation at various times during
a training exercise for an extended period of time. Students or
trainees can then study and compare the result from the
snapshot files.
The Snapshot Manager consists of three tabs:
•
•
•
Local Snapshots
Real Time Monitor
External Snapshots
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11-47
11.12.1 Local Snapshots Tab
The Local Snapshots tab allows you to save, load, and configure
a snapshot.
Figure 11.39
Adds a new group
of snapshots.
Saves a snapshot
Deletes an
existing group of
snapshots.
Displays the
Name (group
name) of the
snapshots.
Displays the current integration time. You can choose the units for the time
displayed from the drop-down list. The Current Time can be reset by changing
the integration time in the Integrator from the Simulation menu.
Opens the File
Selection for
Recalling
Snapshot
property view,
which allows you
to load a saved
snapshot file.
The Configuration group is used to specify how you want the
snapshot to be taken. The following table describes each
parameter in the Configuration group:
Refer to Section 7.7 Integrator for more
information on the
Integrator.
Object
Description
Name
Displays the group name of the snapshots in the Snapshot
List.
FileName
Displays the root directory path and the generic name of
the snapshots. The root path must contain the generic
name of the snapshots. By default, the generic name is set
to be the same as the Name (group name) of the
snapshots.
Click the Ellipsis icon
to change the directory or file
name. The File Selection for Saving Snapshot property view
appears.
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Snapshot Manager
Object
Description
Append to Name
Consists two radio buttons:
• Real Time. Attaches the current date and real time to
the FileName of the snapshot (for example,
snapshot1_2002-12-24_10-20-15.hsp).
• Sim Time. Attaches the current date and simulation
time to the FileName of the snapshot (for example,
snapshot1_2002-12-24_10-20-15.hsp).
• Index. Labels the snapshot in chronological order by
attaching an index number at the end of the FileName
(for example, snapshot1_1.hsp).
Snapshot Type
Consists of two radio buttons:
• Periodic. The Periodic Specs table appears upon
selecting the Periodic radio button. In the table, you
can set the snapshot capturing parameters by
specifying the Start Time, End Time, and Time
Interval.
• Specified. A table should appear upon selecting the
Specified radio button. In the Specified Time column,
you can specify the time (real time) that you want to
take the snapshot. You can choose the unit of input
from the drop-down list. HYSYS automatically
converts your input into standard time display. The
status of the snapshots are shown in the Processed
column. The Specified Time values must be equal or
larger than the Current Time value.
HYSYS displays all time in standard time display:
hh:mm:ss.
Periodic Specs
The table contains three fields:
• Start Time. Allows you to specify the time to take the
first snapshot. You can choose the unit of input from
the drop-down list. HYSYS automatically converts your
input into standard time display.
• End Time. Allows you to specify the time to take the
last snapshot. You can choose the unit of input from
the drop-down list. HYSYS automatically converts your
input into standard time display. The End Time value
must be larger than the one of Start Time. If the field
is left blank as <empty>, End Time is equivalent to
infinity.
• Time Interval. The time interval between capturing
each snapshot. It is the capturing frequency of the
snapshots. The minimum value for the Time Interval is
1 second. If the Time Interval field is left blank as
<empty>, no snapshots will be taken.
Save PFD with
Snapshot
Allows you to save the PFD with the simulation results in
one single file.
Save PFD in Single
Separate File
Allows you to save the PFD in a separate file without saving
it each time as the simulation results are being saved. This
speeds up the saving process of the snapshot.
Restore PFD Upon
Load if Saved in
Separated File
Allows you to restore the PFD upon load if the PFD was
saved in a separate file when the snapshot is saved.
Enable Snapshot
Allows you to manually activate the snapshot option
according to the specified settings.
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11.12.2 Real Time Monitor
The Real Time Monitor gives you an overview of the status of
each group of snapshots.
Figure 11.40
Opens the File
Selection for
Recalling
Snapshot
property view,
which allows you
to load a saved
snapshot file.
The following table lists and describes the columns in the Real
Time Info table.
Object
Description
Snapshot
Name
Displays the group name of the snapshots in the Snapshot
List, and the Name field on the Local Snapshots tab.
Type
Displays the type (Periodic or Specified) of snapshot you
specified in the Configuration group on the Local Snapshots
tab.
Time Spent
Displays the time spent on saving the last snapshot.
Count
Displays the number of snapshots taken under the same
group.
Enable
When you select this checkbox, the snapshots are taken
under the specified conditions in the Local Snapshots tab.
Active
Displays the status of a group of snapshots. A green check
indicates that all the specifications are valid and the
Snapshot Manager is ready to take the snapshots. A red
cross indicates that some of the specifications are not valid
or the Periodic Specs have expired.
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Snapshot Manager
11.12.3 External Snapshots
HYSYS provides other means to configure and capture a
snapshot without using the Snapshot Manager.
The External Snapshots tab allows you to set the PFD saving
preferences when you are taking a snapshot outside of the
Snapshot Manager. These saving preferences are the same as
the first three checkboxes in the Configuration group on the
Local Snapshots tab. You have the options to save the PFD with
the simulation results in one file or separate file, and you can
choose to have the PFD restored upon loading if the snapshot is
saved in a separate file.
Figure 11.41
Use the checkboxes
to set the PFD saving
preferences.
Displays the
directory of the
current PFD file.
You can take a snapshot by using one of the following methods:
•
•
•
Save As option in the File menu
Event Scheduler
OLE (Object Linking and Embedding)
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Taking a Snapshot with the Save As
Option
The Save As option provides you with the most direct way to
take a snapshot. You can manually take a snapshot at any point
during the simulation with the integrator running.
From the Save As Type drop-down list, select HYSYS HSP Cases
(*.hsp) as shown in the figure below.
Figure 11.42
In the File name field, type the name you want to save the
snapshot as. There is no date, time, or index that will be
appended to the end of the file name. You can view the last
saved PFD location in the Current PFD File field on the External
Snapshots tab.
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Snapshot Manager
Taking a Snapshot in the Event
Scheduler
Refer to Section 7.6 Event Scheduler for
more information on the
Event Scheduler.
The Event Scheduler allows you to setup more complicated
scenarios for taking a snapshot.
You can access the Event Scheduler by pressing CTRL E.
With the Event Scheduler, you can set the snapshot capturing
conditions to be triggered by a pre-determined simulation time,
a logical expression becoming true, or a variable stabilizing to
within a given tolerance for a set amount of time. You can also
setup the Event Scheduler to take a snapshot when certain
operating conditions are reached (for example, amount of valve
opening or controller output).
Figure 11.43
Activates the
action.
Displays the
action name from
the Name field in
the individual
Action
Specification
group.
Displays the root
directory path of
the snapshot.
Displays the name
of the action.
Selects the type of
the action from
the drop-down
list.
Saves the
snapshot
manually.
Opens the File
Selection for Saving
Snapshot property
view. You can name
and save the
snapshot.
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Taking a Snapshot with OLE
Refer to Section 1.2 Automation &
Extensibility in the
HYSYS Customization
Guide for more
information on OLE and
Automation.
An OLE is a tool that allows you to programmatically interact
between two applications. You can program an OLE using Visual
Basic to have HYSYS take the snapshots according to the
conditions specified in the user code. This option gives you more
flexibility on how to take the snapshots in terms of time and
operation conditions. You can even define additional capturing
parameters in your code. The PFD saving preferences are still
constrained by the specifications on the External Snapshots tab.
11.13 Script Manager
You can use the Script Manager to record all your case
interaction including the following:
•
•
•
Installing streams or operations
Making connections
Supplying specifications
The recorded script can be played back later. To access the
Script Manager property view, select the Script Manager
command from the Tools menu.
Figure 11.44
When using the script feature, keep the following in mind:
•
•
Session preferences are not saved in the Script.
Scripting is always done in HYSYS internal units.
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Script Manager
•
•
Scripting is name specific, so stream and operation
names must be identical to those in the case that you are
running the script.
For the playback of a script, the simulation case must be
exactly as it was when the script was recorded, so all the
steps in the script can be performed.
11.13.1 Recording a New
Script
1. Save your simulation, because the case must be in exactly
the same condition for playback of the recorded script.
2. Select the Script Manager command from the Tools menu.
The Script Manager appears.
3. From the list of available directories, select the directory
where you want to save the script file.
4. Click the New button. The New Script property view
appears.
Figure 11.45
5. Type a name and description for the script.
Record icon
6. Click the Record button to start recording. The red Record
icon appears in the lower right corner of the Desktop.
7. Perform each task that you want to record.
8. When you finish recording, open the Script Manager and
click the Stop Recording button.
9. Save the case with a different name. If you save the case
with the same name, this will prevent you from playing back
the script.
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11.13.2 Script Playback
For you to run a script, the simulation case must be in the same
state as it was prior to the recording.
At any time during the playback, you can stop the script by
opening the Script Manager property view and clicking the
Stop Play button. This stops the script, but does not stop the
HYSYS function that was occurring during playback.
1. Open the case associated with the script.
2. Select the Script Manager command from the Tools menu.
The Script Manager appears.
3. From the list of available directories, select the directory
where your script file is located.
4. From the list of available script files, select the script you
want to play.
5. Click the Play button.
Playback icon
The green Playback icon appears in the lower right corner
of the Desktop.
Refer to Section 1.3 Object Status & Trace
Windows for details
about the Trace Window.
6. View the steps of the script playback in the Trace Window.
For more information,
consult the Online help by
clicking Editor Help
command in the Help
menu of the HYSYS Macro
Language Editor.
The HYSYS Macro Language Editor is an interactive design
environment for developing, testing, and executing WinWrap
Basic scripts. The editor uses a syntax that is similar to Microsoft
Visual Basic®.
Refer to Section 2.5 Example 1: The Macro
Language Editor in the
HYSYS Customization
Guide for an example.
11.14 Macro Language
Editor
1. From the Tools menu, select Macro Language Editor.
2. The HYSYS Macro Language Editor property view appears.
The editor is an interactive design environment for
developing, testing and executing WinWrap Basic
automation scripts. The editor, which uses a syntax that is
very similar to Microsoft®’s Visual Basic, allows you to write
code that interacts with HYSYS.
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Macro Language Editor
Figure 11.46
New Features
The Macro Language Editor now has two new features:
•
Auto completion feature, which helps you complete the
user variable codes and helps you debug the program
with flyby evaluation.
Figure 11.47
For example, if you want
to specify
SimulationCase, you
just need to type up the
first few letters of the
variable, and the auto
completion feature will
display all variables with
similar names in a dropdown list.
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•
11-57
List command feature, which shows you a list of valid
methods or properties depending on the context (type of
expression) you enter.
Figure 11.48
For example, if you type
ActiveObject and type the
period, a drop-down list appears
displaying a list of methods that
are applicable to the current
object.
11.15 Case Security
Cases can be locked to a password or a password with a security
lock device such as a security key.
The Case Security command from the Tools menu enables you
to access the Enter Master Password property view. This
property view contains options to lock a HYSYS case and enable
the Runtime Mode.
The Runtime Mode allows you to run a pre-built case with access
restricted to certain areas in the case only. This option serves as
a security control that allows clients (especially consultants,
contractors, and licensors) to deliver a complete HYSYS model
with their end product while protecting their business interests
and the intellectual property contained within the product
model.
The limitations of a HYSYS runtime version exist at two levels:
case level and application level. The runtime version of the
HYSYS application is compatible only with the runtime version of
the HYSYS cases. Additional licenses are needed to gain full
authority to edit the basis and model topology of the runtime
case.
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Case Security
11.15.1 Locking a HYSYS Case
To lock a case, the following three information must be
specified:
• master password
• contact name
• company name
1. Select the Case Security command from the Tools menu.
The Enter Master Password property view appears.
Figure 11.49
2. In the Case Security tab, type the password you want to
use for the case in the Password field.
The password is case sensitive and must be at least six
characters in length.
3. Retype the password in the Confirm field.
4. Click the Accept Password icon.
Accept Password icon
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The File Security Setup property view appears.
Figure 11.50
5. In the Master Password group, enter the name of the contact
(typically the name of the user entering the initial password)
in the Contact Name field.
6. Enter the company name (a HYSYS default company name is
provided, however you can be change it) in the Company
Name field.
7. Check that the Lock icon is available in the lower right
corner of the File Security Setup property view.
Lock icon
If the Unlock icon appears, click the Unlock icon to activate
the Lock icon.
8. Click the Close and Exit icon to save the case security
setting.
Close and Exit icon
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Case Security
11.15.2 Loading a Locked
HYSYS Case
When loading a case that is locked to a password, the following
property view appears.
Figure 11.51
Passwords are case sensitive and must be at least six characters
in length. You are allowed only three attempts to enter the
correct password. If the incorrect password is entered or the
correct password is entered but a locking device is not found,
the following message appears and the case does not open.
Figure 11.52
See Setting a Time
Restriction section in the
following section for more
information about the
time restriction date.
If the correct user password was entered, but the time
restriction date has expired, then the following message
appears:
Figure 11.53
This message appears only once and uses one attempt of the
log on procedure.
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11.15.3 File Security Setup
To access the File Security Setup property view, select the Case
Security command from the Tools menu. One of the following
will occur:
•
If the case was never locked, the Enter Master Password
property view appears.
Figure 11.54
Specify a new password, confirm the password, and click
the Accept Password icon.
Accept Password icon
The password is case sensitive and must be at least six
characters in length.
•
If the case is locked, the Enter Master Password property
view appears.
Figure 11.55
Type the correct password and press ENTER.
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Case Security
You are allowed only three attempts to enter the correct
password. If you exceed the attempt limit, the File Security
Setup property view does not open and you cannot attempt
the access again until the case is reloaded.
The File Security Setup property view appears in the figure
Figure 11.56
below.
Object
Icon
Description
Contact Name
field
Enables you to specify the name of the person
who implemented the password.
Company Name
field
Enables you to specify the company name.
Change
Password button
Enables you to change the master password.
Clear Password
button
Enables you to remove the master password.
Password field
Enables you to specify the user password.
The password is case sensitive and must be at
least six characters in length.
Confirm field
Enables you to re-enter and confirm the user
password.
Good Until field
Displays the expiry date of the user password.
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Object
Icon
11-63
Description
View User
Password icon
Enables you to see the user password.
Clear User
Password icon
Enables you to remove the user password.
Open Calendar
View icon
Enables you to access the Calendar property
view and select the expiry date for the user
password.
Accept User
Password icon
Enables you to save/accept the user password
entered in the User Password group.
Hardware Locks
table
Displays the status of the selected Hardware
locks.
Hardware Locks
button
Enables you to access the Scan All Locking
Codes property view and modify the hardware
lock selection.
Advanced button
Enables you to access the Advanced Lock
Selection property view, and select different
hardware lock type.
Remove button
Enables you to remove the selected hardware
lock from the table.
Remove All
button
Enables you to remove all the hardware lock
in the table.
Case Security is
Currently Active
icon
Displays the case security status and enables
you to change from locked to unlocked case.
Case Security is
Currently Disable
icon
Displays the case security status and enables
you to change from unlocked to locked case.
Close and Exit
icon
Enables you to close and save the changes
made in the File Security Setup property view.
Master Password
The master password is case sensitive, cannot be less than 6
characters, and cannot be more than 24 characters.
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Case Security
Changing the Master Password
1. Open the File Security Setup property view.
2. Click the Change Password button. The Enter Master
Password property view appears.
Figure 11.57
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel changing the
password.
3. Enter the password, then press ENTER. The New Password
property view appears.
Figure 11.58
4. Enter a new password in both the Password and Confirm
fields.
5. Click the Accept Password icon.
Accept Password icon
6. Click the Cancel icon to exit the function.
Cancel icon
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Clearing the Master Password
1. Click the Clear Password button. The Enter Master
Password property view appears.
Figure 11.59
2. Enter the password, then press ENTER.
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel deleting the
password.
User Password
After a master password is entered, a user password can also be
entered. This is optional, but useful when more than one user is
working with the case and you do not want to give access to the
security setup.
The following restrictions are applied to the user password:
•
•
Cannot be the same as the master password.
Cannot be less than six characters or more than 24
characters.
If a case is opened with a user password, then the File Security
Setup property view is not available.
Adding a User Password
1. Enter the password in the Password field.
2. Retype the password in the Confirm field to confirm the
password.
3. Click the Accept user password icon.
Accept user password
icon
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Case Security
After accepting the user password, the Accept user password
icon is greyed out and the two icons to the left of it become
active.
Viewing the User Password
1. Click the View user password icon. The Enter Master
Password property view appears.
View user password
icon
Figure 11.60
2. Type the correct password.
3. Press ENTER and the user password can be viewed.
4. Click the View User Password icon again to hide the user
password.
Clearing the User Password
1. Click the Clear user password icon. The Enter Master
Password property view appears.
Clear user password
icon
Figure 11.61
2. Type the correct password.
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel this operation.
3. Press ENTER.
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Setting a Time Restriction
To place a time restriction on a user password:
1. Click the Open Calendar View icon. The Calendar property
view appears.
Open Calendar View
icon
Figure 11.62
2. From the month drop-down list, select the month that the
password expires.
3. From the year drop-down list, select the year that the
password expires.
4. From the calendar, select the day that the password expires.
This date is the time restriction date.
5. Click the Accept and close icon.
Accept and close icon
Refer to the table for the functionality of the remaining icons.
Name
Icon
Description
Clear good until date
Clears the selected time restriction date.
Cancel
Cancels the action.
Hardware Locks
Cases can also be locked to hardware devices on your machine
or a client machine for additional security. The Hardware
Locks button scans the current machine for a possible lock,
while the Advanced button lets you enter information that is
found on a client’s machine.
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Case Security
Scanning for Lock Codes
1. Click the Hardware Locks button. The Scan All Locking
Codes property view appears.
Figure 11.63
2. Click the Scan button to scan your system for all the locks
listed. The Lock code column either displays the lock code for
the associated hardware device or Not Found if no lock
code is available.
3. Select the Accept checkbox for each of the lock codes you
want to lock the case to.
4. Click the Exit View icon to accept the changes. The selected
lock codes appear in the Hardware Locks table.
Exit View icon
Cancel icon
You can click the Cancel icon to close the Scan All Locking
Codes property view without accepting any changes.
Specifying Lock Codes
To enter a specific lock code.
1. Click the Advance button. The Advanced Lock Selection
property view appears.
Figure 11.64
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2. From the Lock Type drop-down list, select the hardware
device being locked to the case.
3. In the Lock Code field, specify the lock code that
corresponds to the selected lock type.
4. Click the Accept icon and the lock code displays in the
Hardware Locks table.
Accept icon
You can click the Cancel icon to close the property view
without accepting any changes.
Cancel icon
You can use the Echo ID tool to help you determine the lock
codes for your computer. Refer to Section 11.16 - Echo ID for
more information.
Removing Hardware Locks
To remove a single hardware lock:
1. Select the hardware lock you want to remove from the
Hardware Locks table.
2. Click the Remove button. The Enter Master Password
property view appears.
Figure 11.65
3. Type the correct password and press ENTER.
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel this operation.
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Case Security
To remove all hardware locks:
1. Click the Remove All button. The Enter Master Password
property view appears.
Figure 11.66
2. Type the correct password.
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel this operation.
3. Press ENTER.
11.15.4 Unlocking a Case
Although a case is locked and all passwords are entered, the
case can still be unlocked without clearing all the passwords and
locks.
1. Click the Case Security is Currently Active icon. The
Enter Master Password property view appears.
Case Security is
Currently Active icon
Figure 11.67
2. Type the correct password.
Press the ESC key at any time to cancel this operation.
Case Security is
Currently Disable icon
3. Press ENTER. The Case Security is Currently Active icon
changes to Case Security is Currently Disable icon which
indicates that the case is unlocked.
To lock the case again, click the Case Security is Currently
Disable icon and the file security is automatically activated.
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11.15.5 Activate Runtime
Mode
The Runtime tab allows you to set the restrictions for a runtime
case.
A Runtime case is a version of an application that has a
limited set of capabilities compared to the standard version
of that application.
Use this procedure to activate the runtime mode in HYSYS:
1. In the menu bar, select Tools | Case Security command.
The Enter Master Password property view appears.
2. Click on the Runtime tab.
Figure 11.68
3. Select the Enable Support for Runtime Mode checkbox.
4. Click the Configure button. The Runtime Mode
Configuration property view appears.
5. In the General tab, select the appropriate checkbox to
activate the options you want.
6. In the Specifications tab, select the specifications you want
to enable for other people to modify.
7. In the Access tab, select which objects are accessible by
other people.
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Case Security
Runtime Mode Configuration
Property View
The Runtime Mode Configuration property view allows you to
create a runtime case with a custom set of restrictions. The
following tabs are available in the Runtime Mode Configuration
property view:
•
•
•
General
Specifications
Access
General Tab
The General tab allows you to set general restrictions in a
runtime case.
Figure 11.69
The General tab contains the following groups:
•
•
•
Runtime Model Control
Runtime Case Options
Runtime Case Information
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Runtime Mode Control Group
The Runtime Mode Control group contains the following
checkboxes:
Checkbox
Descriptions
Test Runtime
Mode
You can select this checkbox to test the current case in
runtime mode under the settings specified in the
Runtime Case Options and Specifications tab.
Convert to
Runtime Mode
You can select this checkbox to convert the current case
to a runtime case under the settings specified in the
Runtime Case Options group and Specifications tab.
Once the case is converted into runtime mode, you have
to exit HYSYS to restore the standard operation mode.
Runtime Case Options Group
The Runtime Case Options group contains the following
checkboxes:
Checkbox
Descriptions
Can Change All
Specifications
Allows you to change all the specified properties (blue
values) of the unit operations in the runtime case.
Enable OLE
password
protection
Enables you to apply the OLE password protection
feature.
Can Open All
Flowsheet
Objects
Enables you to toggle between access to or restriction
from all flowsheet objects when in runtime mode.
When this protection feature is activated, only OLE
access to the case is allowed if the runtime password is
supplied. The OLE methods available are:
• OpenLockedOLEWithPassword
• put_VisibleWithPassword
• PlayScriptWithPassword
• PlayScriptRelativeToWithPassword
So, if a case is OLE locked then,
• OpenWithPassword is replaced by
OpenLockedOLEWithPassword
• PlayScript is replaced by PlayScriptWithPassword
• PlayScriptRelativeToWithPassword
• put_Visible is replaced by
put_VisibleWithPassword
This feature overrides any protections specified on the
Access tab.
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Case Security
Runtime Case Information Group
The Runtime Case Information displays the Runtime ID, Author,
and the number of edit changes in a runtime case. The Runtime
Case Information table appears only when the case is confirmed
to run in runtime mode.
Figure 11.70
Each time a runtime case is created, a unique Runtime ID
(RTID) is assigned to the case. The Author of the runtime case
has to advise Hyprotech of the RTID so that a license can be
issued to the users to run the case.
A runtime case can only be opened in standard mode by the
original Author. When a runtime case is saved, it will store the
name of the Author in the case. If the name of the user does not
match the runtime author license, then the case opens in
runtime mode and the user can only use the runtime case under
the restrictions pre-set by the original Author.
There is a limit on how many times a runtime case can be
modified. HYSYS keeps track of the number of modifications in a
runtime case, and if the number exceeds a specified amount,
the runtime case will fail to run.
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Specifications Tab
The Specifications tab allows the original Author of the runtime
case to select the parameters that can be modified in runtime
mode.
Figure 11.71
The Specifications tab will appear blank if the Can Change All
Specifications checkbox is selected.
Select the method for importing the changeable parameters by
selecting one of the four radio buttons available in the Add
Specification From group.
The parameters you select appear in the table on the
Specifications tab, and you can view the Object Name,
Description, Object Type, and Variable Owner for each
parameter. The parameters you can modify appear in blue text
when you run the runtime case.
You can modify only the parameters selected on the
Specifications tab when the case is in runtime mode. All other
parameters are view-only (black text) for the runtime case.
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Case Security
Access Tab
The Access tab enables you to select which objects in the
simulation case can be viewed by other people.
Figure 11.72
The Access tab will appear blank if the Can Open All
Flowsheet Objects checkbox is selected.
To make an object available for modification to other users:
1. In the object tree browser, click the Plus icon
to expand
the branches and select the object you want to add.
2. Click the Add button.
To remove an object:
1. In the Object Name list, select the object you want to
remove.
2. Click the Remove button.
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11.16 Echo ID
The Echo ID tool allows you to scan your computer and display
all of the available locking codes. To open the Scan All Locking
Codes property view, click the Echo ID command in the Tools
menu.
Figure 11.73
11.17 Export Case to
Aspen Icarus
The Aspen Icarus command contains two sub-commands:
•
•
For more information, send
an e-mail to
[email protected]
Export Case to IPE. This command exports the
currently open case to Aspen Technology’s Icarus Process
Evaluator (IPE).
Export Case to Decision Analyzer. This command
exports the currently open case to Aspen Technology’s
Icarus Decision Analyzer.
IPE is a project scoping tool that allows process engineers to
evaluate the economic impact of the process design.
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Correlation Manager
11.18 Correlation Manager
Refer to Chapter 12 Streams in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
more information about
managing property
correlations in individual
streams.
The Correlation Manager allows you to manage individual
property correlations or property correlation sets that can be
applied to all streams in your case.
HYSYS has two kinds of settings for property correlations. A
property correlation or correlation set that is added to a
stream from the stream property view has a local setting. A
property correlation or correlation set that is added to a
stream from the Correlation Manager property view has a
global setting.
The property correlation sets can be defined and saved
external to the case and can be read into any other
simulation case.
To access the Correlation Manager, select the Correlation
Manager command from the Tools menu.
Figure 11.74
The HYSYS property
correlations have been
grouped into categories
that target the specific
reporting needs of the
various process
industries.
Select different
methods of
configuration for
certain
properties.
The Display Name
can be modified
when the property
correlation is a
clone.
Refer to Section 12.2.1 Worksheet Tab in the
HYSYS Operations Guide for
more information about the
Status group.
Filter the list of available
properties by using the
Filter by drop-down list.
Three filter options are
available:
• All. Displays all
available properties.
• Point Properties.
Displays only point
properties.
• Plottable
Properties. Displays
only plottable
properties.
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The Correlation Manager property view contains three groups
and a Preference Option status bar. The Configuration group
contains a list of property correlation types. Currently, Standard
is available, with the other types being available if you purchase
the proper extensions. The Stream Correlation Controls (Global)
group contains the following icons:
Name
Icon
Description
Scan System
Correlations
Scan all system correlation files. Click this icon to
manually scan the system registry and build a list
of available property correlations.
Clone
Selected
Correlation
Click to clone a selected property correlation. You
can only clone property correlations with variable
parameters.
Delete
Cloned
Correlation
From List
Click to delete the selected property correlation
clone. You can only delete property correlation
clones.
Activate
Selected
Global
Correlation
Click to add the selected global property
correlation to all the streams.
Remove
Selected
Global
Correlation
Click to remove the selected global property
correlation from all the streams.
Remove All
Global
Correlation
Click to remove all the global property correlation
from all the streams.
The Preference Option status bar indicates whether the
Activate Property Correlations checkbox on the Options
page of Simulation tab from the Session Preferences property
view is selected or clear.
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Correlation Manager
The stream property view lets you create your own group of
property correlations called a correlation set. The Stream
Correlation Set Controls (Global) group lets you to select a
correlation set and globally apply it to all streams in the case.
Name
View Global
Correlation
Set List
Icon
Description
Opens the Correlation Set Picker. From this property view, select the
correlation set you want to apply to all case streams. The Correlation
Set Picker will display “File has not been created” until you have
saved your first set.
You can only create a correlation set in the stream property view.
Remove
Global
Correlation
Set
Click to remove the global correlation set displayed in the status bar
from all the streams. The Correlation Manager will only remove the
correlation properties that are part of the selected global set. Any
other correlation properties that have been globally (or locally)
added to the streams are not removed.
Active Set
status bar
Provides description on the status of the active selected global
correlation set.
• Red status bar. Indicates that no global correlation set is
selected for the streams.
• Green status bar. Indicates that a global correlation set is
selected for the streams.
• Yellow status bar. Indicates that the global correlation set
has been modified. This is when correlation properties that are
not part of the set have been globally added to all streams
(activated), or when properties of this set have been globally
removed from all streams (deactivated).
11.18.1 Adding Property
Correlations to Streams
Use this procedure to add a global property correlation to the
streams.
1. From the list of Available Correlations, click the Plus icon
to expand the tree browser, displaying the available property
correlations for each type. All property information for the
selected property correlation appears on the table to the
right.
2. Certain properties require qualifiers before they are fully
configured. Click the appropriate field and specify any values
that are required.
Activate Selected Global
Correlation icon
3. Click the Activate Selected Global Correlation icon in the
Stream Correlations Controls (Global) group. The Global
Active status bar changes from red to green.
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11.18.2 Removing Property
Correlations from Streams
Use this procedure to remove global property correlations from
the streams.
1. From the Available Correlations list, select the property
correlation you want to remove from each stream in your
case. Click the Plus icon
to expand the tree browser,
displaying the available property correlations for each type.
The property information for the selected property
correlation appears on the table to the right.
Remove Selected Global
Correlation icon
Remove All Global
Correlations icon
2. Click the Remove Selected Global Correlation icon in the
Stream Correlations Controls (Global) group. The Global
Active status bar changes from green to red.
3. To remove ALL global property correlations and active global
correlation sets from the streams, click the Remove All
Global Correlations icon in the Stream Correlations
Controls (Global) group.
11.18.3 Cloning Property
Correlations
Any property correlation that contains changeable parameters
can be cloned. When a correlation is globally activated, all
streams in the case use the same calculation specified by that
correlation. When you change a correlation’s parameter, all the
streams in the case use the new parameter to calculate that
correlation’s value.
If you require a correlation to have different parameter values
for different streams, you need to create a clone for that
correlation. When you create a clone, you can specify a unique
parameter value for that correlation and then add the clone to
the appropriate streams.
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Correlation Manager
Do the following to create a clone of a property correlation:
1. From the Available Correlations list, select the property
correlation you want to clone. Click the Plus icon
to
expand the tree browser, displaying the available property
correlations for each type.
Clone Selected
Correlation icon
2. Click the Clone Selected Correlation icon in the Stream
Correlations Controls (Global) group. The new property
correlation is added to the Available Correlations tree
browser under the Clone branch.
HYSYS automatically names each cloned property correlation
using the original property correlation name and “_Clone1”. The number at the end increases with each clone of the
same property correlation.
3. Rename the clone property correlation in the Display Name
field if required. You can only rename cloned property
correlations and each clone name must be unique.
11.18.4 Deleting Cloned
Property Correlations
1. From the Available Correlations list under the Clone branch,
select the clone property correlation you want to delete.
Click the Plus icon
to expand the Clone branch displaying
the available clone property correlations.
You can only delete clone property correlations that are not
used by any streams.
Delete Cloned Correlation
From List icon
2. Click the Delete Cloned Correlation From List icon in the
Stream Correlations Controls (Global) group. The selected
clone property correlation is removed from the Available
Correlations tree browser under the Clone branch. If the
selected clone is being used by any stream within the case, it
cannot be deleted.
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11.18.5 Adding Correlation
Sets to Streams
Use this procedure to add a global correlation set to all the
streams in the case.
1. Before selecting a correlation set, there must be no active
global correlation set.
Figure 11.75
The status bar is red,
indicating that there is
no active global
correlation set.
Remove Global Correlation Set icon
View Global Correlation Set List icon
2. Click the View Global Correlation Set List icon. The
Correlation Set Picker property view appears.
View Global Correlation
Set List icon
Figure 11.76
The location and name of the file that
contains the correlation set is shown in the
File Path field.
If an error is encountered in the file path or
file name when HYSYS looks for the
available correlation sets, you are asked to
let HYSYS rebuild the file path and file, or
you can change the file path and file name
in the Session Preferences property view.
You can only change the file path and name
in the Session Preferences property view.
Refer to Section 12.5.2 - Locations Page
for more information.
If you have a new product installed the
Support\StreamCorrSets.xml file will not exist until you
actually save a set.
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Correlation Manager
Refer to Section 12.2.1 Worksheet Tab in the
HYSYS Operations
Guide for more
information.
HYSYS creates the file the first time you want to save a set.
The program manages the file after this, but should only
have to create the file once. If you are looking in the Support
directory the file will not exist there until the user has saved
a correlation set using one of the stream properties property
views.
The Correlation Manager will not display the Correlation Set
Picker property view if a set is already globally active. Only
one correlation set can be globally active at a time.
3. Select the correlation set you want from the property view.
You can click the Plus icon
to see what property
correlations the correlation set contains.
4. Click the Apply button. The selected correlation set is now
the active global correlation set. All the streams in the case
contain the selected correlation set and any new stream
added to the case will automatically contain the selected
correlation set.
Whenever a correlation/correlation set is applied to the streams,
a check is made of the correlation type against the fluid type of
each stream. If the Correlation Manager encounters a problem,
it will send a warning to the trace window.
The Active Set status bar turns green and displays the selected
global correlation set.
Figure 11.77
11.18.6 Deleting a Correlation
Set
Refer to Deleting a Correlation Set section from
Section 12.2.1 - Worksheet Tab in the HYSYS Operations
Guide for more information.
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11.18.7 Gas Properties
Correlation
The Gas Properties in the Correlation Manager consists of the
following seven correlations:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Refer to Adding a
Property Correlation
section from Section
12.2.1 - Worksheet
Tab in the HYSYS
Operations Guide for
more information on the
Correlation Picker.
HC Dew Point
Higher Heating Value
Lower Heating Value
Mass Density (Std. Cond)
Water Content In Mg/m3
Water Dew Point
Wobbe Index
These correlations are grouped within the Gas correlation type.
The Gas type is shown on the Available Correlations window of
the Correlation Picker and Correlation Manager property views.
You can access the seven Gas correlations by double-clicking on
the Gas correlation type to expand the list.
Figure 11.78
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Correlation Manager
For more information on
the Correlation Manager,
refer to Section 11.18 Correlation Manager.
The following four Gas correlation types allow you to specify the
calculation’s reference temperature:
•
•
•
•
Higher Heating Value
Lower Heating Value
Mass Density (Std. Cond)
Wobbe Index
Properties
The Gas correlation uses the methods and data from ISO
6976:1995(E). If the stream contains components that are not
supported by this data, then the data for the hydrocarbon with
the nearest molecular weight Alkane is used. If the molecular
weight is greater than decane (C10), then the data for decane is
assumed. ISO data has been provided to support the following
components:
Components
Methane
n-Decane
n-C21
Propene
M-Cyclohexane
Ethane
n-C11
n-C22
Methanol
CO
Propane
n-C12
n-C23
EGlycol
CO2
i-Butane
n-C13
n-C24
TEGlycol
H2S
n-Butane
n-C14
n-C25
Benzene
Ammonia
i-Pentane
n-C15
n-C26
Toluene
H2O
n-Pentane
n-C16
n-C27
E-Benzene
Hydrogen
n-Hexane
n-C17
n-C28
124-M-Benzene
Nitrogen
n-Heptane
n-C18
n-C29
Cyclopentane
Argon
n-Octane
n-C19
n-C30
Cyclohexane
Oxygen
n-Nonane
n-C20
Ethylene
M-Cyclopentane
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Higher Heating Value
The higher heating value is the amount of heat obtained during
combustion when the water produced in the combustion is
condensed (when the water is in liquid form).
∑xi × HHVi
i
HHV = -------------------------------Z
(11.1)
where:
HHV = Overall higher heating value
HHVi = Higher heating value of component i
Lower Heating Value
The lower heating value is the amount of heat obtained when
this water is not condensed (when the water is in vapour form).
∑xi × LHVi
i
LHV = ------------------------------Z
(11.2)
where:
LHV = Overall lower heating value
LHVi = Lower heating value of component i
Hydrocarbon & Water Dew Point
The dew point is the temperature at a given pressure at which
the first drop of liquid starts to form. Hydrocarbon and water
dew points indicate the type of liquid formed.
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Correlation Manager
In HYSYS, the dew point is calculated by using a flash to
calculate the temperature at which the vapour fraction is equal
to one. When the vapour fraction is equal to one, the vapour is
said to be saturated or at steam pressure. If the case does not
contain water, the temperature at which the vapour fraction
equal to one is reported as the hydrocarbon dew point. If the
case has water as one of the components, the type of liquid
phase formed is reported with its corresponding dew point
temperature. Then the temperature is decreased until a second
liquid phase forms, the temperature at which this occurs is
reported as the other dew point.
Mass Density at Standard Conditions
The mass density is reported at 1 atm and 15°C (288.15K).
From the Ideal Gas law:
PV = nZRT
(11.3)
where:
P = Pressure (kPa)
V = Volume
n = Number of moles
Z = Compressibility factor
R = Gas constant (8.3145 J/mol K)
T = Temperature (K)
The molar density can be expressed as:
1
P
--- = ----------V
ZRT
(11.4)
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The mass density is therefore:


 x × MW  × P
i
i



i
ρ = ---------------------------------------------Z× R× T
∑
(11.5)
where:
ρ
=
Mass density (kg/m3)
xi = Mole fraction of component i
MWi = Molecular weight of component i
Water Content
The water content is the mass of water per unit volume of each
phase. It is expressed as mg/m3.
Wobbe Index
The Wobbe Index (or Wobbe Number) is a measure of how
much heat is released when gas is burnt.
The Wobbe Index is calculated by dividing the HHV (higher
heating value) by the square root of the density relative to air.
HHV
Wobbe = ---------------------------ρ
relative
(11.6)
The higher heating value is the amount of heat obtained during
combustion when the water produced in the combustion is
condensed.
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Correlation Manager
Density Relative to Air
The density relative to air is calculated by dividing the equation
for the density of the stream by the equivalent one for the
density of air at 1 atm and 15°C.
∑xi × MWi
ρ
∑xi × MWi
Z
air
0.99958
i
i
- × ------------------ = ----------------------------- × ------------------= ----------------------------relative
Z
MW
Z
28.962
air
(11.7)
where:
ρ = Density relative to air
MWair = Molecular weight of air
11.18.8 RVP Properties
The RVP properties uses the methods and data constructed by
the company API. The RVP properties consist of the following
eight correlations:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Reid VP at 37.8°C
True VP at 37.8°C
API 5B1.1
API 5B1.2
ASTM D323-73/79
ASTM D323-82
ASTM D4953-91
ASTM D5191-91
The Reid VP at 37.8°C and True VP at 37.8°C correlations are
grouped within the Standard correlation type, and the other six
correlations are grouped under the RVP correlation type.
In order to use the correlations under the RVP correlation
type, you need to purchase and register the RVPProps.dll
extension (refer to Section 12.7 - Extensions Tab). The Reid
VP and True VP correlations come standard with HYSYS.
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Simulation Tools
Refer to Adding a
Property Correlation
section from Section
12.2.1 - Worksheet
Tab in the HYSYS
Operations Guide or
Section 11.18 Correlation Manager
for more information.
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The RVP and Standard types are shown on the Available
Correlations window of the Correlation Picker and the
Correlation Manager property views.
You can access the eight correlations by double-clicking their
corresponding correlation type to expand the list.
Figure 11.79
Properties
The following is a brief description of each of the correlations
listed under the RVP type.
API 5B1.1 (Naphtha)
This property correlation is useful for gasoline and finished
petroleum products, but not crude or oxygenated blends. The
TVP is correlated against the RVP, temperature, and slope of the
ASTM D86 distillation curve at the 10% point. This property
solves the corrected version of the API databook equation of the
correlation for the RVP. A recognized limitation of the API
Naphtha correlation is that the D86 10% point can have a
similar gradient for vastly different streams.
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Correlation Manager
API 5B1.2 (Crude)
This property correlation is generally used for condensate and
crude oil systems (typically wide boiling preprocessed
hydrocarbons). TVP is correlated against RVP and the
temperature. This property solves the API databook equation of
the correlation for RVP.
The correlation is based on data from 1959, but it is popular
with engineers for its quick and dirty calculations.
ASTM D323-73/79
This correlation is also known as P323. The pressure is adjusted
at the RVP reference temperature until the vapour to liquid ratio
is 4:1 by volume. This correlation is essentially the same as the
Reid VP at 37.8°C correlation, except it is not on a dry basis and
the flash method used is the same for the rest of the flowsheet.
ASTM D323-82
This is the standard and accepted procedure for RVP lab
measurement. Liquid hydrocarbon is saturated with air at 33°F
and 1 atm pressure. Since the lab procedure does not specify
that the test chamber is dry, the air used to saturate the
hydrocarbon is assumed to be saturated with water.
This air-saturated hydrocarbon is then mixed with dry air in a
4:1 volume ratio and flashed at the RVP reference temperature,
such that the total volume is constant (since the experimental
procedure uses a sealed bomb). The gauge pressure of the
resulting mixture is then reported as the RVP.
ASTM D4953-91
This correlation is for oxygenated gasoline. It is the same as the
D323-82 test method, except everything is on a completely dry
basis (in other words, the air is not saturated with water).
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ASTM D5191-91
This was developed for gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends
as an alternative to the D4953-91 test method. In the
experimental procedure, the hydrocarbon is saturated with dry
air and then placed in an evacuated bomb with five times its
volume. The total pressure is then converted to a dry vapour
pressure equivalent (DVPE) and reported as the RVP.
The method used is to mix near vacuum air at 0.01 psia and
100°F with hydrocarbon at 1 atm and 33°F in the ratio 4:1. This
is then flashed at constant volume at the RVP reference
temperature. The pressure is then converted to a DVPE and
reported as the RVP.
Conditions for Using RVP
In order to apply some of the RVP correlations to your stream,
the components in the stream need to comply with the
correlation.
Nitrogen, oxygen, and water need to be present in the stream if
you are using the following RVPs:
•
•
•
ASTM D323-82
ASTM D4953-91
ASTM D5191-91
If all three components are not present within your stream and
you want to use any of the above three RVPs, HYSYS will
administer a warning in the trace window.
Electrolyte Components
Electrolytes are the only type of components which cannot be
used with any of the RVP correlations.
•
If an Electrolyte component is present in the stream and
you try to add a RVP correlation, HYSYS will not allow
you to use it.
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Case Collaboration
•
If the RVP correlation is already applied to a stream and
you add the Electrolyte component afterwards, HYSYS
will automatically remove the electrolyte component
from that given stream.
11.19 Case Collaboration
The Case Collaboration feature is used to facilitate the
distribution of HYSYS simulations over more than one HYSYS
case. The multiple cases can be run on the same machine or on
different machines where a network is available.
Refer to Section 12.2.9 RTi Server Page for
information about setting
up the RTI server
connection settings in the
Session Preferences.
For cases to be linked, they must share the same data. Data
from one case is published to the RTI Data Server and is then
available for sharing with other cases. All machines used in the
data sharing must point to the same RTI Data Server.
The purpose of Case Collaboration is to allow the sharing of data
between a source case and one or more sink cases. The data
that is being shared exists outside of the instance of HYSYS
where it is being generated, allowing sink cases to acquire
revisions of the data without the source case being open.
The shared data is maintained outside of HYSYS, in effect, in
another application. If stream A in case 1 publishes its data,
stream B in case 2 can use that data, even if case 1 is not
open.
Selecting the Case Collaboration command opens the Simulation
Variable Manager property view. The Simulation Variable
Manager contains the following four tabs:
•
•
•
•
Available Streams
Unit Operations
Messaging
Published Streams
The first three tabs appear similar and are described in the
following sections.
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Figure 11.80
Scan the Database for
Published icon
Click the Scan the Database for Published icon to scan for
available published data. Either stream or operations appear
depending on the actively selected tab.
The figure below shows an example of two published streams
being found.
Figure 11.81
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Case Collaboration
The first three tabs contain the Available list and five icons. The
Available Published Streams list contains the published data that
was found. The following table contains a description of the five
icons.
Name
Icon
Description
Scan the
Database for
Published ()
Click to scan for published data available in
the server you specified on the RTI page of
the Session Preferences property view.
Connect to the
Message Server
Forces a connection or reconnection of the
RTI Data Server.
Delete All
External () Data
Click to delete all the publish data listed in
the Available Published Streams/Unit
Operations group.
Delete the
Current ()
Revision
Select a published data item from the list and
click to remove the item from the server.
View Published
Data Tree
Click to open the Published Data Viewer
property view. All the published data are
contained in the property view and displayed
in a tree browser format.
Published Data Viewer
View Published Data Tree
icon
Clicking the View Published Data Tree icon opens the
Published Data Viewer property view. All the published objects
appear on this property view. Published objects are transferred
in XML format. The XML data is rendered in the tree browser and
users familiar with XPath can query the published data. This is
done by typing the query in the XPath Query field and clicking
the Run button.
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The following figure shows what appears in the Published Data
Viewer property view.
Figure 11.82
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Case Collaboration
11.19.1 Available Streams Tab
The Available Streams tab contains three groups: Available
Published Streams, Stream Information, and Revision
Information. Use the Available Streams tab to view a published
stream.
Figure 11.83
The following table describes each object in the Streams
Information group.
See Section 11.20 External Data Linker
for more information on
live-linking.
Object
Description
Name
This field displays the name of the selected published
stream.
Number of
Revisions
When the same stream is published more than once, a
new revision is created. This field keeps track of the
number of revisions that exist on a particular server.
Live Link Active
If the stream is live-linked to one or more streams in
the current case, the checkbox is selected.
Stream is
Remote
If the source of the stream is external to the current
case, this checkbox is selected.
Rescan Database
Click this button to rescan the server database for
published streams.
Import Fluid
Package
Click this button to import the source stream’s fluid
package and component slate to any locally linked
streams.
Publishing Case
Displays the location and name of the case from which
the published stream was taken.
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Object
Description
Server GUID
The unique alphanumeric identifier of the RTI Data
Server that is being used.
Stream GUID
The unique alphanumeric identifier of the published
stream.
Each standard HYSYS material stream has a unique
alphanumeric identifier. This is what appears in the
Stream GUID field.
If you save HYSYS case A under a different name, B,
the unique identifiers for the material stream in case B
do not change. In other words, the only time when two
streams may have the same GUID, is when you use
the Save As function to create multiple cases from a
single case. So caution must be used when linking
cases that have the same origin.
The following table describes each object in the Revision
Information group.
Object
Description
Revision #
View different revisions of the selected stream using
this drop-down list.
View Raw Data
Click to open the Revision Raw Data property view. The
Revision Raw Data property view is similar to the
Publish Data Viewer property view. The difference is
that the Revision Raw Data property view only displays
information regarding the active/selected stream.
Use as Default
Revision
When selected, this option causes a solve in the link
operation as you select different revisions.
Revision Author
Displays the name of the person who published the
stream for the selected revision. The name is taken
from the Author Name field from the Publication
Information property view.
Revision Date
Displays the date when the stream was published for
the selected revision.
Warn if a Higher
Revision is
Available
Select this checkbox to be informed if the revision you
selected is not the latest revision.
Revision Notes
Displays the notes associated with the published
stream for the selected revision. The notes come from
the Publication Note field from the Stream
Publication Information property view.
The default setting for this checkbox is selected.
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Case Collaboration
11.19.2 Unit Operations Tab
The Unit Operations tab contains three groups: Available Unit
Operations, Operation Information, and Revision Information.
Use the Unit Operations tab to view published operation data.
Figure 11.84
The following table describes each object in the Operation
Information group.
Object
Description
Name
Displays the name of the selected published operation.
Number of
Revisions
When the same unit operation is published more than once,
a new revision is created. This field keeps track of the
number of revisions that exist on a particular server.
Object Type
Displays the operation type of the selected operation.
Publishing
Case
Displays the location and name of the case the published
operation was taken from.
Server GUID
The unique alphanumeric identifier of the RTI Server that is
being used.
Operation
GUID
The unique alphanumeric identifier of the source operation.
Linked Unit
Op
The local operation that is statically linked to this operation.
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Object
11-101
Description
The Select Linked Object icon allows the user to statically
link this operation to an existing local operation.
Click the Create a New Object icon to place the selected
operation into the current flowsheet. HYSYS automatically
transfers the published operation specs into the new
operation created in the flowsheet.
The following table describes each object in the Revision
Information group.
Object
Description
Revision #
View different revisions of the selected operation using
this drop-down list.
View Raw Data
Click to open the Revision Raw Data property view. The
Revision Raw Data property view is similar to the
Publish Data Viewer property view. The difference is
that the Revision Raw Data property view only displays
information regarding the active/selected operation.
Use as Default
Revision
When selected, this option causes a solve in the link
operation as you select different revisions.
Revision Author
Displays the name of the person who published the
operation for the selected revision. The name is taken
from the Author Name field from the Publication
Information property view.
Revision Date
Displays the date when the operation was published for
the selected revision.
Warn if a Higher
Revision is
Available
Select this checkbox to be informed if the revision you
selected is not the latest revision.
Revision Notes
Displays the notes associated with the published
operation for the selected revision. The notes come
from the Publication Note field from the Publication
Information property view.
By default this checkbox is selected.
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Case Collaboration
11.19.3 Messaging Tab
The Messaging tab is used for broadcasting simple messages to
connected HYSYS cases.
Figure 11.85
Type your message in this field.
Type a message in the field located at the bottom of the
property view, then click the Send Message button to broadcast
the typed message. A unique alphanumeric identifier appears
with each sent message. This GUID corresponds to the case that
the message came from. Click the Clear History button to clear
the message buffer and delete the old messages.
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11.19.4 Published Streams Tab
This tab displays the streams that are published from the active
case.
The following table lists and describes the objects on this tab.
See Section 11.20 External Data Linker
for more information.
Object
Description
Case Published
Stream
Displays the name and publication status of the
published streams in the case.
Remove Stream
Click the Remove Stream button to unpublished the
stream. This removes it from the RTI server.
Revision Stream
Click the Revision Stream button to increment the
streams revision number on the RTI server.
Propagate State
Click the Propagate State button to force all cases that
are using the published stream (via the External Data
Linker operation) to refresh their values.
The difference between the Published Streams tab and the
Available Streams tab is that the Available Streams shows all of
the streams that exist on the server while Published Streams
shows only the streams on the server that originate from the
selected case.
11.20 External Data Linker
The External Data Linker operation allows you to connect
Internal streams (streams that exist within the active
simulation) to External streams (previously published streams
that exist on the Data Server).
A valid connection to the Data Server must exist before you
can use the External Data Linker operation.
Install the External Data Linker by doing one of the following:
•
External Data Linker icon
•
Open the Object Palette (press F4). Double-click the
External Data Linker icon in the Object Palette.
Select Add Operation from the Flowsheet menu (or
press F12) to open the UnitOps property view. Select
External Data Linker from the Available Unit
Operations list.
11-103
11-104
External Data Linker
The External Data Linker property view contains two tabs:
Design and Revision History.
Figure 11.86
To delete the External Data Linker operation, click the Delete
button. To ignore the External Data Linker during calculations,
select the Ignored checkbox at the bottom of the property
view. HYSYS completely disregards the operation until you
restore it to an active state by clearing the checkbox.
11.20.1 Design Tab
The Design tab contains two pages:
•
•
Connections
Configuration
11-104
Simulation Tools
11-105
Connections Page
You can select the streams you want to attach to the External
Data Linker operation on the Connections page.
Figure 11.87
You can also change the name of the operation by entering a
different name in the Name field.
You cannot attach streams to the External Data Linker from
the PFD property view.
Attaching External Streams
1. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
2. In the External Stream column, click the cell containing
<empty>.
3. Use the down arrow button
to open the drop-down list.
4. Select the external stream you want to link to from the list.
This list contains the streams that have previously been
published to the Data Server. You can also type the name of
the external stream you want in the <empty> cell under
the External Stream column.
11-105
11-106
External Data Linker
The list is the same as the Available Streams list in the
Simulation Variable Manager property view which is
accessed from the Case Collaboration menu item under the
Tools menu.
You must select an external stream before you can select an
internal stream.
Attaching Internal Streams
1. Click the Design tab, then select the Connections page.
2. In the Internal Stream column, click the cell that is beside
the external stream you want to link to.
3. Use the down arrow button
to open the drop-down list.
4. Select the external stream you want to link from the list.
This list contains the streams available for linking in the
current case. The internal streams that can be linked are as
follows:
•
Streams that are not already linked to other external
streams.
• Streams that are not linked between two operations. If a
stream comes out of an operation and enters another
operation, it cannot be linked to an external stream.
5. You can also type the name of the internal stream you want
in the cell under the Internal Stream column.
You can also create a new internal stream by entering a new
name for the stream in the cell under the Internal Stream
column.
The Internal stream takes the conditions of the External stream
(the transfer specification type can be selected on the
Configuration page).
If the Live Link checkbox is selected, the Internal stream
conditions change as changes are made to the External
stream published data; if the checkbox is clear, the
conditions are read in initially at connection only.
11-106
Simulation Tools
11-107
Configuration Page
You can select the transfer specification for each external stream
on the Configuration page.
Figure 11.88
To select the transfer specification type for a stream, use the
drop-down list provided in the Transfer Specification cells.
There are four types of transfer specifications:
•
•
•
•
Temperature - Pressure
Pressure - Vapour Fraction
Temperature - Vapour Fraction
Pressure - Enthalpy
11.20.2 Revision History Tab
Information displayed on
this tab can also be found
in the Simulation Variable
Manager property view.
See Section 11.19 Case Collaboration for
more information.
The revision history for each selected external stream appears
in the Revision History tab.
Figure 11.89
11-107
11-108
Variable Navigator
11.21 Variable Navigator
The Variable Navigator is one of the two navigational aids that
can be used to bring the multi-flowsheet architecture into a flat
space. It is also used when browsing for variables, such as
selecting a process variable for a controller or a strip chart.
Figure 11.90
The Variable Navigator uses a similar structure to the Object
Navigator, but allows for a more detailed search.
11.21.1 Selecting a Variable
When selecting a variable, work through the groups/lists from
left to right.
1. In the Navigator Scope group, select one of the radio
buttons to filter the list of available selections.
The list/group located above the Navigator Scope group
changes depending on the radio button selected.
2. From the list, select either the flowsheet, case, basis, or
utility in which the process variable is located.
11-108
Simulation Tools
11-109
Columns are considered as a subflowsheet, and therefore the
column name must be selected in the Flowsheet list in order
to select any internal variables in the colume subflowsheet.
3. From the list of available objects, select the object with the
variable you want to use.
Refer to Section 7.17 Object Navigator for
details on list filtering.
You can filter the list of available objects futher by selecting
the appropriate radio button in the Object Filter group,
4. From the list of available variables, select the variable you
want to use.
5. Certain variables (such as component specific variables),
require further specification. From the list of variable
specifics, select the qualifier for the variable.
6. Enter a more detailed description of the variable in the
Variable Description field or leave the default description.
7. Click OK to accept the variable.
To disconnect a selected variable from an operation, click the
Disconnect button.
You can click the Cancel button at any time to close the Variable
Navigator property view without accepting any changes.
Navigator Scope
The following table provides information on the different
navigator scopes you can use.
Object
Definition
Flowsheet
Provides a list of all available flowsheets in the simulation,
so you can select an object from any flowsheet.
Case
Access general case information (for example, about the
Main Solver or Optimizer). You can also use this option
when a column is the main flowsheet (for example, if you
are in a column template, then there are a bunch of
variables that have to be accessed through the Case filter.
This is because the column template file doesn't have the
upper environment, so those variables become available
through the case filter).
11-109
11-110
Variable Navigator
Object
Definition
Basis
Provides a list of property packages or components being
used in the case.
Utilities
Provides a list of all available utilities in the simulation. A
special utility Object Filter replaces the default filter.
11-110
Session Preferences
12-1
12 Session Preferences
12.1 Introduction................................................................................. 3
12.1.1 Saving a Preference Set .......................................................... 4
12.1.2 Loading a Preference Set ......................................................... 4
12.2 Simulation Tab ............................................................................. 4
12.2.1 Options Page ......................................................................... 5
12.2.2 Errors Page............................................................................ 8
12.2.3 Desktop Page......................................................................... 9
12.2.4 Naming Page ....................................................................... 11
12.2.5 Tool Tips Page ...................................................................... 12
12.2.6 Dynamics Page..................................................................... 13
12.2.7 Performance Page................................................................. 14
12.2.8 Licensing Page ..................................................................... 16
12.2.9 RTi Server Page.................................................................... 19
12.2.10 Column Page...................................................................... 20
12.2.11 Status Window Page............................................................ 21
12.2.12 Trace Window Page ............................................................. 21
12.2.13 Cut/Copy/Paste Page........................................................... 22
12.3 Variables Tab ............................................................................. 23
12.3.1 Units Page ........................................................................... 23
12.3.2 Formats Page....................................................................... 28
12.4 Reports Tab ............................................................................... 30
12.4.1
12.4.2
12.4.3
12.4.4
Format/Layout Page.............................................................. 31
Text Format Page ................................................................. 32
Datasheets Page................................................................... 33
Company Info Page............................................................... 34
12-1
12-2
Session Preferences
12.5 Files Tab .....................................................................................35
12.5.1 Options Page ........................................................................35
12.5.2 Locations Page......................................................................36
12.6 Resources Tab ............................................................................37
12.6.1
12.6.2
12.6.3
12.6.4
12.6.5
Colours Page ........................................................................37
Fonts Page ...........................................................................39
Icons Page ...........................................................................41
Cursors Page ........................................................................42
Sounds Page.........................................................................43
12.7 Extensions Tab ...........................................................................44
12.8 Oil Input Tab ..............................................................................45
12.8.1 Assay Definition Page .........................................................45
12.8.2 Assay Options Page ............................................................47
12.8.3 Black Oils Page ..................................................................48
12.9 Tray Sizing Tab ...........................................................................48
12.9.1 Parameters Page ................................................................49
12.9.2 Packed Page ......................................................................50
12.9.3 Trayed Page.......................................................................51
12-2
Session Preferences
12-3
12.1 Introduction
The Session Preferences property view is used to specify default
information for the simulation case. This information includes
Automatic Naming Formats, Units, Colours, Fonts, Icons, etc.
Multiple Session Preferences can be saved for use in other
simulations.
Access the Session Preferences property view by selecting the
Preferences command from the Tools menu in any HYSYS
environment.
Figure 12.1
There are a number of tabs associated with the property view.
Common to all tabs are the two buttons along the bottom of the
property view: Save Preference Set and Load Preference Set.
12-3
12-4
Simulation Tab
12.1.1 Saving a Preference Set
1. Click the Save Preference Set button. The Save File
property view appears.
2. Specify the name and location for your preference file.
3. Click Save.
12.1.2 Loading a Preference
Set
1. Click the Load Preference Set button. The Open File
property view appears.
2. Browse to the location of your preference file (*.prf).
3. Select the file you want to load and click Open.
12.2 Simulation Tab
The Simulation tab contains the following pages:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Options
Errors
Desktop
Naming
Tool Tips
Dynamics
Performance
Licensing
RTi Server
Column
Status Window
Trace Window
Cut/Copy/Paste
12-4
Session Preferences
12-5
12.2.1 Options Page
The Options page contains three groups: General Options, Show
Property Package Warning, and Stream Property Correlations.
Figure 12.2
The following table lists and describes the checkboxes in the
General Options group.
Pin icon
Option
Description
Allow Multiple
Stream
Connections
Controls whether lists of streams are filtered only to
those that are not currently connected. If this
checkbox is clear, when you use the drop-down list of
streams to select a feed to an operation, only streams
that are not already connected as a feed to an
operation appear in the list. If the checkbox is
selected, all the streams in the flowsheet appear,
including the ones that you cannot connect as feed
streams.
View New
Streams Upon
Creation
If selected, the property view for the stream
automatically appears when you add a new stream.
Use Modal
Property Views
When selected, all property views appear as modal
(with a Pin).
When property views are modal, you can individually
make each property view non-modal by clicking the
Pin icon in the upper corner of the property view.
12-5
12-6
Simulation Tab
Option
Description
Record Time
When Notes are
Modified
When selected, all notes are time stamped when they
are modified.
Enable Cross
Hairs on PFD
When selected, any time the cursor is positioned over
the PFD property view, a set of vertical and horizontal
lines appear and intersect where the cursor point is in
the property view.
When clear, the set of lines do not appear.
Save XML Fluid
Package to User
Defined File
When this checkbox is selected, you can save and
export an XML file that contains a fluid package to the
user-defined file so that HYPROPIII can manually read
the file.
Use Input
Experts
Column operations have an optional installation expert
built in to assist you in the installation. When this
checkbox is selected, the Input Expert guides you
through the Column installation.
Confirm Deletes
When selected, you are prompted for confirmation
before deleting an object. If the checkbox is clear, the
object is deleted when the instruction is given. It is
recommended that you keep this option selected.
Confirm Mode
Switches
When this checkbox is selected, you are prompted for
confirmation when changing to or from Dynamics
mode.
Enable Single
Click Actions
When selected, all objects that require a double-click
only require a single-click.
Enable Cell Edit
Button
When selected, a cell that is ‘editable’ has a button
appearing on the left side when the cell has focus.
Clicking this button, accesses the cell’s edit functions
(similar to pressing F2).
The Show Property Package Warning group consists of one
checkbox that allows you to display the warning message
related to the property package.
The Stream Property Correlations group has two checkboxes:
•
Activate Property Correlations checkbox
When selected, HYSYS will activate all available Black Oil,
Electrolyte, and Standard Property Correlations. The
activation process does not guarantee that each stream
in the case will contain all active correlations.
Before the HYSYS Correlation Manager appends any
stream correlations it first checks each streams Fluid
Package to confirm that the required information will be
available to that correlations calculation. If that stream
fluid does not supply the required information the
correlation cannot be appended. If the checkbox is not
selected the HYSYS Correlation Manager will not activate
any new property correlations and will not remove any
correlations previously added. If this checkbox is
12-6
Session Preferences
•
12-7
unselected and then reselected, the Correlation Manager
will repeat the process of activating and appending all
available Black Oil, Electrolyte, and Standard Property
Correlations.
Confirm Before Adding if Active Correlations are
Present checkbox
When selected, a warning message will appear when
HYSYS activates a correlation in a case which already
contains some active correlations. This warning message
asks you if you want to add a full list of correlations in
addition to the existing correlations.
Modal vs. Non-Modal Property Views
When a property view is modal, you cannot access any other
element in the simulation (in other words, you cannot select a
menu item or property view that is not directly part of that
modal property view). This functionality is convenient if you do
not want to clutter the Desktop with unnecessary views.
Figure 12.3
Modal property view
Non-Modal property view
The modal property view is indicated by the substitution of the
Minimize/Maximize icons with a Pin icon. Some modal property
views, such as the Input Composition property view, do not
have Pins.
A modal property view with a Pin can be converted to a nonmodal property view by clicking the Pin icon.
12-7
12-8
Simulation Tab
Non-modal property views are not restrictive because you can
leave a non-modal property view open and interact with any
other property view or menu item. The non-modal property view
has the Minimize/Maximize icons in the upper right corner of the
property view.
12.2.2 Errors Page
Refer to Section 1.3 Object Status & Trace
Windows for more
information on the Trace
Window.
The Errors page contains five checkboxes which, when selected,
send the specified errors to the Trace Window. When these
checkboxes are clear, you are not prompted to acknowledge
errors.
Figure 12.4
The following is a brief description of each error type.
Error Type
Description
Errors in Trace
Window
The basic error message is displayed within the trace
window rather than via a pop-up window.
Numerical Errors
in Trace Window
This option sends numerical errors to the trace window
rather than via a pop-up error message window. In
dynamics mode, selecting this option ignores
numerical errors so the integrator will continue to run
even if the numerical errors occur.
Prefix Date and
TIme to Error
The date and time (according to the clock and calendar
of your CPU) is placed before the error message.
Prefix Integrator
Time to Error
The integrator time is placed before the error message
(this only applies when the integrator is running in a
dynamics case).
Identify Source
of Numerical
Errors
This option will try to identify the source of a numerical
error and display it within the trace window. This can
slow HYSYS down so it should only be used when you
are trying to track down errors to clean them up. Once
you have finished tracking errors, turn this option off.
This option may not be able to identify the source if it
does not occur within a unit operation (for example, if
the error was caused by a strip chart).
12-8
Session Preferences
12-9
12.2.3 Desktop Page
The Desktop page contains two groups: Initial Build Home View
and Face Plates.
Figure 12.5
The Initial Build Home View group contains radio buttons that let
you specify which of the three main property views (Workbook,
PFD, or Summary) automatically appears when you first enter
the Simulation environment. This does not restrict your access
within that environment, as the Workbook, PFD, and Summary
property views can all be open at the same time. This setting
only establishes the property view that appears by default.
12-9
12-10
Simulation Tab
The Face Plates group involves the placement of face plates on
the Desktop. When you have a large number of face plates open
in a case and you click the Arrange Desktop command in the
Window menu, the face plates are organized according to your
specifications in this group.
Figure 12.6
When the Tile Face Plates Along Side radio button
is selected, the property views are tiled as shown.
A value of 2 was specified as the maximum
number of columns for tiling; this is why there are
only two columns visible here.
Extra property views,
including face plates, are
cascaded.
The face plates are either placed along the left side of the
Desktop in a column format or along the top in a row format.
You can limit the number of columns or rows (depending on the
selected radio button) in the Maximum Number of Columns/
12-10
Session Preferences
12-11
Rows field. Any excess face plates that cannot be placed on the
Desktop due to the columns/rows limit are cascaded with other
open property views.
12.2.4 Naming Page
The Naming page dictates how streams and operations are
named when they are installed. You can specify the naming
convention for each type of operation. For each flowsheet
object, specify a naming convention and a starting number.
There are no restrictions in naming streams and operations.
You can use more than one word, and spaces are allowed.
For example, in the figure below, Energy Streams are indicated
as Q-%d, with a starting number of 100. The first energy stream
installed in the simulation is named Q-100, the second Q-101,
and so on. The automatic naming function is provided for
convenience. You can change any default name at any time
within the flowsheet.
Figure 12.7
12-11
12-12
Simulation Tab
12.2.5 Tool Tips Page
Figure 12.8
The following table lists and describes the objects in the Show
ToolTips group.
Object
Description
Show ToolTips
checkbox
Activates the available tool tips. When this checkbox is
selected you can use the checkboxes in the ToolTips
group.
Default Unit Set
radio button
Select this radio button to use the default unit set.
User Defined
Unit Set radio
button
Select this radio button to define a custom unit set.
The User Defined Unit Set table becomes active, and
you can define the unit set.
Value Calculated
By checkbox
Displays what operation calculated the value in the tool
tip. Clear the checkbox if you do not want to see this
value.
Value in EuroSI
Units checkbox
Displays the value in European SI units in the tool tip.
Clear the checkbox if you do not want to see this value.
Value in Field
Units checkbox
Displays the value in Field units in the tool tip. Clear
the checkbox if you do not want to see this value.
Value in SI Units
checkbox
Displays the value in SI units in the tool tip. Clear the
checkbox if you do not want to see this value.
User Define User
Set table
Available only when the User Defined Unit Set radio
button is selected. Allows you to define the unit set.
12-12
Session Preferences
12-13
The following table lists and describes the objects in the Show
PFD Fly By group.
Object
Description
Show PFD Fly By
checkbox
Click this checkbox to see the Fly by text in the PFD.
The Fly by displays information about an object when
you move the cursor over it in the PFD.
Steady State
radio button
Select this radio button to view the Fly by text in
Steady State mode.
Dynamic State
radio button
Select this radio button to view the Fly by text in
Dynamic Mode.
PFD object tree
browser
Select a PFD object type from the tree browser. A list of
Fly by options appears in the table to the right of the
tree browser.
Show PFD Fly By
table
Select the checkboxes in the table to select the
parameters you want to view in the Fly by text. By
default, Temperature, Pressure, and Molar Flow are
already selected. Some options are available only in
Dynamic mode.
Reset to default
selections button
Click this button to reset the Show PFD Fly By options
back to the default setting.
12.2.6 Dynamics Page
There are four groups in the Dynamics page: Assistant,
Controller Options, Pressure Flow Solver, and Other.
Figure 12.9
12-13
12-14
Simulation Tab
The following table lists and describes the objects on the
Dynamics page.
Object
Description
Set dynamic stream
specifications in the
background checkbox
Select the checkbox to automatically set all of
the dynamic stream specifications.
Perform checks when
switching to dynamics or
starting the integrator
checkbox
Select the checkbox if you want to use the
Dynamics Assistant every time you switch
from steady state to dynamics, or when
starting the Integrator.
Trace controller alarm
messages checkbox
Select the checkbox if you want to see
controller alarm messages in the Trace
Window.
Ignore convergence
failures checkbox
When selected, convergence failures for up to
five pressure flow steps are ignored. Selecting
this option is not recommended, but it can be
useful when you know a converging case
converges while having problems during one
of the calculation steps.
Logger Size field
Specify the amount of data (steps) you want
stripcharts to keep.
Sample Interval field
Specify how frequent HYSYS records the data
for the stripcharts. The shorter the amount of
time, the more frequent HYSYS records the
data.
Delete Internal subflowsheet streams when
external streams are
deleted checkbox
When selected, all internal subflowsheet
streams are deleted when the corresponding
external stream is deleted.
12.2.7 Performance Page
The Performance page allows you to manipulate the HYSYS
computation time and calculation process.
Figure 12.10
12-14
Session Preferences
12-15
Macro Performance Group
The Macro Performance group contains the Macro Performance
slider. Move the slider to your required setting to balance the
Macro speed with your memory requirements. The faster the
setting, the more memory your computer requires to run the
macros.
Update Object Status when Solving Checkbox
When the Update Object Status when Solving checkbox is
selected, the object status services updates each time an object
is solved. For example, as HYSYS solves the entire flowsheet,
the object status goes between “not solved” and “solved” as
HYSYS encounters not solved objects and solved objects in the
flowsheet.
The default setting for the Update Object Status when
Solving checkbox is selected.
When the checkbox is clear, HYSYS only updates the object
status of all the objects in the flowsheet at the end of the solve
pass, in other words, when HYSYS has finished solving the
entire flowsheet. The calculation time decreases and
performance improves when you clear the checkbox.
SwitchToDirectory in Extensions with no behaviour
specified Checkbox
When the SwitchToDirectory in Extensions with no
behaviour specified checkbox is selected, HYSYS performs the
following process before each call to any extension unit
operation method (solve, display values, and so forth):
1. HYSYS changes the default directory to match the directory
location of the extension.
2. After obtaining the results from the extensions, HYSYS
switches the default directory back to the original setting.
12-15
12-16
Simulation Tab
The default setting for the SwitchToDirectory in Extensions
with no behaviour specified checkbox is selected.
This process can significantly slow down computation time and
is not usually required for extensions that most users write.
The extensions can set the flag directly by an OLE extension
interface call, or alternatively the extension can be installed
in the same directory as the HYSYS executable.
Clearing the SwitchToDirectory in Extensions with no
behaviour specified checkbox will improve the HYSYS
performance and speed up computation time. In older versions
of HYSYS, the directory was always switched.
12.2.8 Licensing Page
To purchase additional
licenses or products,
contact your AspenTech
agent, or e-mail us at
[email protected]
The Licensing page contains the following groups: Licensing
Options, Job Tracking Options, and ACMOp Licenses Behaviour.
Figure 12.11
12-16
Session Preferences
12-17
The default licensing behaviour of the HYSYS Dynamics license
can be changed in the Licensing Options group.
Figure 12.12
The options from the drop-down list have the following effects:
•
No default behaviour. Selecting this option prompts
the user to select a behaviour option when changing a
value that requires it. The figure below shows the prompt
property view containing the different behaviours.
Figure 12.13
•
•
•
Ask every time. Selecting this option prompts the user
to check the license when changing a value that requires
it. See the figure above.
Validate immediately. Selecting this option causes the
license in question to be validated as soon as any value
that requires this license is changed. If the license is not
available, an error message appears and the value is not
changed. This option is recommended for users with
standalone keys.
Check out now and validate later. Selecting this
option causes the license to be checked out immediately,
but it is validated at a later stage (for example, the
HYSYS Dynamics license is validated when the user tries
to start the integrator). This is useful because the user
does not see any slow-down due to network problems. It
12-17
12-18
Simulation Tab
•
•
is assumed, however, that the license is there and the
user can make changes resulting in the case being
stopped when the validation is complete. This option is
recommended for users with network based security.
Check out when in the relevant mode. Selecting this
option checks the licenses in a run-time usage mode
(essentially pay-per-use), so the HYSYS Dynamics
license is only checked out while the case is in dynamics,
and the Process+ license while the case is in steady
state. This option is recommended for users with token
based security.
Don’t check out. Selecting this option means that
licenses are not checked out. It is recommended for
users that do not have the licenses available. Input
requiring the license is then ignored by HYSYS.
The options in the Job Tracking Options group are Use Job
tracking for all checked out licenses and Use Defaults.
•
•
If you select the Use Job tracking for all checked out
licenses checkbox, job numbers will be requested when
either a new or old case is opened. This option does not
support multiple jobs within a single HYSYS session.
If you select the Use Defaults checkbox, you can enter
defaults values in the adjacent table. If these defaults
are set, HYSYS will not ask for any job information.
In the ACMOp Licenses Behaviour group, the Keep ACMOp
Licenses Once Checked Out checkbox allows you to toggle
between keeping or releasing the licenses of the ACMOp unit
operation. When you use an ACMOp unit operation in HYSYS,
the underlying model and framework checks out one or more
licenses for the ACMOp unit operation. Each time the ACMOp
unit operation solves, HYSYS checks out these licenses and
returns them again. This can be slow on some computer
operating systems. If this checkbox is selected, HYSYS hangs on
to those licenses once checked out (only ACMOp related
licenses), thus speeding the process up a little. The licenses are
returned only when there are no ACMOp instances left
anywhere.
12-18
Session Preferences
12-19
12.2.9 RTi Server Page
For information publication purposes, a shared network folder
and shared Web folder named “RTISupport” are required on the
machine running the RTI server software.
The RTI Server machine does not have to be the machine
that is running HYSYS.
For Web publishing, the host machine should be running
Microsoft IIS 5.0 and requires the supporting *.asp files to be in
place in the RTISupport Web folder as well as the Microsoft XML
parser 3.0.
Configuration of the RTI Server is done in the Session
Preferences on the RTi Server page.
Figure 12.14
12-19
12-20
Simulation Tab
The following table lists and describes the objects in the RTI
Server page.
Field
Description
Message Server IP
or Machine Name
A valid machine name or IP address pointing to the
server running the RTI Server software.
Message Server
Port Number
Port number where messaging takes place. This
should correspond to the port number of the RTI
Message Server.
XML Server IP or
Machine Name
A valid IP or machine name that information can be
published to, this can be the same as the Message
Server IP, but is not necessary (for example, http://
yourservernamehere).
User Login Name
Your user login name.
To configure the RTI Server, do the following:
1. Open the Session Preferences property view.
2. Click the Simulation tab, then select the RTI Server page.
3. Enter the Server IP name in the RTI Message Server IP or
Machine Name cell.
4. Enter the Server name in the XML Server IP or Machine
Name cell.
5. Enter you login name in the RTI User Login Name cell.
6. Close the Session Preferences property view.
12.2.10 Column Page
The Column page consists of one group: Column Options.
Figure 12.15
The Column Options group contains the following checkboxes:
•
Use Input Experts. Column operations have an optional
input expert built in to assist you in the installation.
When this checkbox is selected, you are guided through
the Column installation.
12-20
Session Preferences
•
•
12-21
Expand Tray Sections. When selected, it shows a fully
expanded column in the Column environment PFD. When
the checkbox is clear, the column appears with the
minimum required number of trays (those trays which
have streams [inlet or outlet] attached to them).
Default New Columns to Split All Feed Streams.
When selected, all feed streams in any newly created
column are automatically split. This option does not
affect existing columns and any feed splitting options
already selected.
12.2.11 Status Window Page
The Status Window page allows you to manipulate the file that
saves the status message that appears in the Status Window.
Figure 12.16
See the Object Status
Window sub-section from
Section 1.3.3 - Object
Inspect Menus for more
information.
The options in the Status Window page are exactly the same
as the options offered in the Status List Properties property
view.
12.2.12 Trace Window Page
The Trace Window page allows you to manipulate the Trace
Window options.
Refer to Trace Window
section from Section
1.3.3 - Object Inspect
Menus for more
information.
The options in the Trace Window page is exactly the same as
the options offered in the Trace Properties property view.
12-21
12-22
Simulation Tab
Figure 12.17
12.2.13 Cut/Copy/Paste Page
The Cut/Copy/Paste page allows you to add specific extension
name to a copied unit operation after you have paste the
operation.
Figure 12.18
For example, if you specified -optim as the extension to the
copied name, as shown in the figure below:
Figure 12.19
12-22
Session Preferences
12-23
The copied and paste object will have -optim added to the back
of its name, as shown in the figure below of a copied separator:
Figure 12.20
12.3 Variables Tab
The Variables tab has two pages: Units and Formats.
12.3.1 Units Page
The Units page allows you to select and manipulate the unit set
used in the simulation case.
Figure 12.21
Displays all available unit sets. The default
unit sets cannot be changed or deleted.
Adds a new
custom unit set.
Used to delete
a custom unit
set from the
preferences.
Displays the
variable and
the unit
according to
the selected
unit set.
Lets you
change the
name of a
custom unit
set.
Sorts the list
of variables in
ascending
alphabetical
order.
12-23
12-24
Variables Tab
HYSYS contains the following default unit sets:
•
•
•
Field
SI
EuroSI
These three sets cannot be modified in any way or deleted. If
you want HYSYS to display information in units other than the
default, you can create your own custom unit sets.
Adding a Unit Set
1. Select the unit set you want to clone from the list of
available unit sets.
A custom unit set lets you mix SI and Field units within the
same unit set.
2. Click the Clone button. A new unit set appears with the
name NewUser.
3. Change the default name in the Unit Set Name field, if
required.
The units used in the new unit set are the same as the unit set
you cloned.
Deleting a Unit Set
1. Select the unit set you want to delete from the list of
available unit sets.
2. Click the Delete button.
You are not prompted to confirm the deletion of a unit set, so
ensure that you have selected the correct unit set to delete.
You can not delete the three default unit sets: SI, Field, and
Euro SI.
12-24
Session Preferences
12-25
Changing the Units in a Unit Set
You can not modify the units in any of the three default unit
sets: SI, Field, and Euro SI.
1. From the list of available unit sets, select the user-defined
unit set you want to use for your simulation.
2. In the Displayed Units group, click the unit you want to
change (for example, Temperature).
3. In the selected unit cell, press the space bar to open a dropdown list. The drop-down list shows all available convertible
units for that unit type.
For Temperature, you see C, K, F, and R and any user
conversions that were created.
4. From the list, select the unit you want use.
This selection does not change the HYSYS internal unit set.
Adding a Unit Conversion
If you require a unit that is not available in the HYSYS database,
you can create your own unit and supply a conversion factor.
You can only add a unit to a user defined unit set.
1. From the list of available unit sets, select the customized
unit set you want to use for your simulation.
2. In the Displayed Units group, select the unit for which you
want to add a conversion.
3. Click the Add button to display the User Conversion property
view.
Figure 12.22
12-25
12-26
Variables Tab
The HYSYS internal unit is always displayed on the User
Conversion property view.
4. In the Name field, type the name of your new unit.
5. In the second field (the multiply/divide field), type the
conversion factor between your unit and the HYSYS internal
unit.
6. From the drop-down list, specify whether you want to
multiply or divide by the conversion factor.
7. In the final field (the add/subtract field), type the conversion
factor between your unit and the HYSYS internal unit.
To add a factor, specify a value in this field. To subtract,
place a negative sign in front of the number (for example,
enter -2.0).
8. Click OK. The User Conversion property view closes with this
unit as the active unit for that unit type.
Viewing a Unit Conversion
The View button lets you view the conversion factor used to
convert a unit from its internal unit (SI) to the selected user
defined unit in the unit set.
1. From the list of available unit sets, select the unit set you
want to use for your simulation.
2. In the Displayed Units group, select the unit for which you
want to view the conversion.
3. Click the View button. The Conversion property view
appears.
Figure 12.23
4. Do one of the following:
•
Click the OK button to accept any changes made to a
user unit conversion and close the property view.
12-26
Session Preferences
•
12-27
Click the Cancel button to close the property view
without accepting any changes.
Deleting a Unit Conversion
You can only delete user defined unit conversions.
1. From the list of available unit sets, select the required unit
set.
2. In the Displayed Units group, select the user-created unit
you want to delete.
3. Click the Delete button. You are not prompted to confirm
the deletion of the unit. The unit returns to the HYSYS
default unit.
Viewing Users of a Unit Set
Units sets can be attached to spreadsheets and reports, so
spreadsheets can have different unit sets than your simulation.
1. From the list of available unit sets, select the unit set you
want to use for your simulation.
2. Click the View Users button. The Unit Set property view
appears. This button is available only if the unit set is
attached to an object.
Figure 12.24
Clicking the OK button closes the property view and returns
you to the Session Preferences property view.
3. From the list of available users, select the user you want to
view.
12-27
12-28
Variables Tab
4. Click the View selected object button. The property view
of the selected user appears and the Unit Set property view
closes.
12.3.2 Formats Page
This page lets you specify how variables appear.
Figure 12.25
Resets the format of the active variable back to the HYSYS default setting.
Resets all the
variable formats
back to the
HYSYS default
setting.
Sorts the list of
variables in
ascending
alphabetical
order.
Modifying Variable Formats
1. From the list of variable formats, click the format cell of the
variable you want to modify.
To select more than one format at a time, hold down the
CTRL key, and click each variable you want to select.
12-28
Session Preferences
12-29
2. Click the Format button. The Real Format Editor property
view appears.
Figure 12.26
Assigns the HYSYS
default format to
the associated
values.
3. Select the format you want to use for your variable.
4. Click OK to accept the changes and close the property view.
Real Format Editor
The Real Format Editor lets you set the format for displaying
values in HYSYS.
The following table lists and describes the available formats:
Radio Button
Description
Exponential
Displays the values in scientific notation. The number of
significant digits after the decimal point is set in the
Significant Figure field. For example:
• Entered or calculated value: 10000.5
• Significant Figure: 5 (includes the first whole digit)
• Final display: 1.0001e+04
12-29
12-30
Reports Tab
Radio Button
Description
Fixed
Decimal
Point
Displays the values in decimal notation. The number of
whole digits and significant digits after the decimal point
are set in the Whole Digits and Decimal Digits fields. For
example:
• Entered value: 100.5
• Whole digits: 3
• Decimal digits: 2
• Final display: 100.50
If the entered or calculated value exceed the specified
whole digits, HYSYS displays the value as Exponential, with
the sum of the specified whole and decimal digits being the
number of significant figures.
If the Display sign if zero checkbox is selected, HYSYS
displays the sign of the number entered or calculated that
is rounded to zero.
Significant
Figure
The number of significant digits after the decimal point is
set in the Significant Figure field. Displays the values in
either decimal notation or scientific notation.
Example one:
• Entered or calculated value: 100.5
• Significant Figure: 5
• Final display: 100.50
Example two:
• Entered or calculated value: 10000.5
• Significant Figure: 5
• Final display: 1.0001e+04
12.4 Reports Tab
The Reports tab is divided into four pages: Format/Layout, Text
Format, Datasheets, and Company Info.
12-30
Session Preferences
12-31
12.4.1 Format/Layout Page
The Format/Layout page provides options for formatting and
specifying the appearance of your printed reports.
Figure 12.27
Object
Description
Shading
When selected, headers, footers, and titles are shaded.
Line Number
When selected, line numbers appear on the left side of
the report.
Thick Borders
When selected, report border lines are thicker than the
other lines in the report.
Indicate User
Specified
When selected, any user specified values in the
Datasheet are indicated with an asterisk (*).
Start Datasheet
on New Page
When selected, each Datasheet starts on a new page.
Empty Text
Specify what you want to display in the Datasheet
when there is no value available. The HYSYS default is
“---”.
Unit Set
Select the unit set you want your Datasheet to use.
This gives you the option of printing Datasheets with
different unit sets than your case. For example, your
case may be in SI, but you can set the report to appear
in Field units.
Page Margins
Set the margins of your page. The values are the
distance in inches from the edge of the page.
12-31
12-32
Reports Tab
Object
Description
Paper Options
Select the size of paper on which you want to print.
The list contains all the Microsoft defaults.
Orientation
Select the orientation of the data on the paper. You
have two options: Portrait or Landscape.
12.4.2 Text Format Page
Use the Text Format page to define the appearance of text in the
report.
Figure 12.28
Object
Description
Use Delimiting
By Default
Select this checkbox if you want the text file to always
be delimited.
Title Description
Visible
When selected, a title is added to the text file. The title
includes the name of the object and the tabs that are
included in the report.
Header Field
Visible
When selected, a header is added to the text file. The
header includes the company information and the date
the report was created.
Footer Field
Visible
When selected, a footer is added to the text file. The
footer includes the HYSYS version and build number.
Fields Padded for
Alignment
When selected, spaces are added between each field to
align the fields.
12-32
Session Preferences
12-33
Object
Description
Disable Column
Wrapping
When selected, column wrapping is disabled. This
means that text that goes past the edge of the page
does not wrap onto the next line.
Empty Text
Specify what you want to display in the Datasheet
when there is no value available. The HYSYS default is
“---”.
Delimiter
Specify what you want to use as the delimiter in your
text file. The HYSYS default is comma delimited (,).
12.4.3 Datasheets Page
The Datasheets page lets you control which information will
appear in the report for selected streams and operations.
Figure 12.29
Selects all the datablocks
checkboxes for the
selected Datasheet type.
Selects all clear datablocks
checkboxes and clears all selected
datablocks checkboxes for the
selected Datasheet type.
12-33
12-34
Reports Tab
12.4.4 Company Info Page
The Company Info page lets you customize the company
information that appears on the report.
Figure 12.30
HYSYS does not automatically resize a bitmap file to fit the
logo box on this page.
The maximum logo size that can be accommodated by the
logo box is 6.55 cm wide by 2.38 cm high.
To modify the company information, do the following:
1. In the Company Name field, type the company name that
will appear in the report header.
2. In the Company Location field, type the company location
that will appear in the report header.
3. To add a company logo, click the Select button. The Open
File property view appears. Browse to the location of your
bitmap file (*.bmp).
The logo picture must be in bitmap format.
4. Select the file you want to import and click the Open button.
12-34
Session Preferences
12-35
12.5 Files Tab
The Files tab has the following pages:
•
•
Options
Locations
12.5.1 Options Page
The Options page lets you modify the preferences used when
saving a case.
Figure 12.31
From the Select style for ‘File Open’ and ‘Save As’ group, select
either the Standard Windows file picker or the HYPROTECH file
picker radio button. The HYPROTECH file picker displays custom
HYSYS open and save property views that show the build in
which the case was saved, and the case description (if one was
added).
12-35
12-36
Files Tab
In the AutoRecovery Settings and Backups group, use the
checkboxes to select the options you want to use. The following
table lists and describes the checkboxes.
Object
Description
Save
AutoRecovery
Cases Every
When selected, HYSYS saves an auto recovery case in
the time interval specified in the minutes field.
Save
AutoRecovery
Case While
Integrating
When selected, HYSYS saves an auto recovery case
every time the integrator is run. This checkbox is only
available when the Save AutoRecovery Cases Every
checkbox is selected.
Cascade Backups
on Every Save
This checkbox is used in conjunction with the Number
of Case Backups Automatically Maintained. When
selected, HYSYS maintains the specified number of
backups of each simulation, using the extension bk*.
The newest backup is bk0, the next newest bk1, etc.
You can use the up and down arrow icons
to
increase and decrease the value of the field by one
with each click, or you can enter a value directly in the
field.
12.5.2 Locations Page
On the Locations page, select and specify the default paths for
various HYSYS resource files.
Figure 12.32
12-36
Session Preferences
12-37
HYSYS is set to look in the Cases folder for any case files
because the Cases field contains the path “Cases”. Leave the
field blank if you do not want to use a default location for
that option.
In the Default Files and Paths table, specify the file or path in
which you want the selected option to reside.
You can scroll down to the Stream Correlation Sets File field and
change the default name and path. HYSYS has access to any
custom correlation set files (xml) which you also have access
too.
12.6 Resources Tab
The Resources tab is divided into the following pages:
•
•
•
•
•
Colours
Fonts
Icons
Cursors
Sounds
12.6.1 Colours Page
All the functions and property views in HYSYS are set with a
predefined colour scheme. The Colours page lets you customize
this colour scheme to meet the specific needs of your
organization or simulation.
HYSYS default colour settings for text in cells/fields are as follows:
• Black text indicates the value is calculated by HYSYS and cannot be
changed.
• Blue text indicates the value is entered by the user and is editable.
• Red text indicates the value is calculated by HYSYS and is editable.
12-37
12-38
Resources Tab
Figure 12.33
Contains all the screen
elements in HYSYS for
which you can change
the colour.
Opens the
Colour Palette.
Double-clicking
this area opens
the Colour
Palette.
Colour system applied to
the selected object in the
Colour Name list.
Displays the current
colour for the
selected object in the
Colour Name list.
Resets all colours to
the default colour
scheme.
To change the colour of an element, do the following:
1. In the Colour Name list, select the item you want to modify.
2. From the Select System Colour drop-down list, select one of
the system colours that are available, or select <Custom>.
3. If you selected <Custom>, click the Select Custom Colour
button. The colour palette appears. Select the required
colour and click OK.
12-38
Session Preferences
12-39
12.6.2 Fonts Page
All the text displayed in HYSYS has a predefined font scheme,
however, like the colour scheme, you can change the font
scheme.
Figure 12.34
Contains all the text
items in HYSYS.
The system font currently
applied to the selected
font. You can select
another font in the dropdown list.
Displays the current
font for the selected
font element.
Double-clicking this
area opens the Font
property view.
Present scaling
factor of the font.
Opens the Font
property view.
Resets all fonts to the
default font scheme.
To change the font of a text element, do the following:
1. In the Font Name list, select the item you want to modify.
2. From the Select System Font drop-down list, select one of
the system fonts that are available, or select <Custom>.
12-39
12-40
Resources Tab
3. If you selected <Custom>, click the Select Custom Font
button. The Font property view appears.
Figure 12.35
4. In the Font list, select the font type for the text element.
5. In the Font Style list, select the style for the text element.
6. In the Size list, select or type in the size for the text
element.
7. Click OK.
12-40
Session Preferences
12-41
12.6.3 Icons Page
HYSYS has a default icon scheme. Any icons that can be
changed appear on this page.
Figure 12.36
Lists all the
icons that can
be changed in
HYSYS.
Displays the
selected icon.
Double-click in
this area to open
the Internal
Icons property
view.
Icon system
applied to the
selected icon.
Used for aligning
the icon.
Opens the
Internal Icons
property view.
Resets all icons
to the HYSYS
default icon
scheme.
To change an icon, do the following:
1. In the Icon Name list, select the icon you want to modify.
2. From the Select System Icon drop-down list select one of the
system icons that are available, or select <Custom>.
3. If you selected <Custom>, click the Select Custom Icon
button. The Internal Icons property view appears. Select the
required icon and click OK.
Figure 12.37
Lets you browse to
other directories
(besides HYSYS) and
select icons.
Scroll Bar indicates
that there are more
icons in this property
view.
12-41
12-42
Resources Tab
The Internal Icons property view displays all the icons
available in HYSYS. You can select any of these icons as the
icon for an item.
12.6.4 Cursors Page
As with the Colours, Fonts, and Icons pages, you can customize
the cursors in HYSYS.
Figure 12.38
Displays all the cursors
available in HYSYS.
Displays the selected cursor.
Double-clicking this area opens
the Internal Cursors property
view.
Cursor system presently
applied to the selected cursor.
Resets all cursors to the HYSYS
default cursor scheme.
Opens the Internal Cursors
property view.
To change a cursor, do the following:
1. In the Cursor Name list, select the cursor you want to
modify.
2. From the Select System Cursor drop-down list, select one of
the system cursors that are available, or select <Custom>.
If you selected <Custom>, click the Select Custom Cursor
button.
12-42
Session Preferences
12-43
The Internal Cursors property view appears.
Figure 12.39
3. Select the required cursor and click OK.
12.6.5 Sounds Page
The Sounds page lets you set up HYSYS to play a sound if the
steady state solution takes longer than a defined period of time.
Figure 12.40
Click the Test Sound button to play the selected sound file.
12-43
12-44
Extensions Tab
To play a sound, do the following:
1. Select the Enable Solver Done Sound checkbox.
2. Click the Select Audio File button. The Open File property
view appears.
3. Browse to the location of your sound file (*.wav). Select the
file you want to use, then click Open.
4. In the Play Sound if Steady State Solve Takes Longer
Than field, enter the amount of time you want to the let the
steady state solver take before a sound is played.
Use the up and down arrow icons
to increase or decrease
the value in the field by one each click or you can enter a
value directly in the field.
12.7 Extensions Tab
The Extensions tab is used to register external extension in
HYSYS.
Figure 12.41
The Registered
Extensions
group displays
the extension
type, CLSID,
ProgID, location
of the *.dll and
extension
status.
12-44
Session Preferences
12-45
To register an extension, do the following:
1. Click the Register an Extension button. The HYPROTECH
file picker appears.
2. In the File Path group, browse to the location of the
extension DLL.
3. From the list of available extension *.dlls, select the
extension you want to register with HYSYS.
4. Click Ok. The HYPROTECH file picker closes and the
extension appears in the Registered Extensions group.
To unregister an extension, do the following:
1. Select the extension you want to unregister from the list of
registered extensions.
2. Click the Unregister Extension button.
12.8 Oil Input Tab
For more details about
these options, see
Chapter 4 - HYSYS Oil
Manager in the HYSYS
Simulation Basis guide.
The pages on the Oil Input tab lets you set default settings for
characterizing oils in your simulation case.
12.8.1 Assay Definition Page
The Assay Definition page enables you to define an assay
characteristics.
Figure 12.42
12-45
12-46
Oil Input Tab
Use the following procedure to set your default assay definition.
1. From the Bulk Properties drop-down list, select one of the
following options:
• Used option if you are supplying bulk properties data by
selection.
• Not Used option if you are not supplying the bulk
properties information.
2. From the Assay Data Type drop-down list, select one of the
following data types: TBP, ASTM D86, ASTM D1160, ASTM
D86-D1160, ASTM D2887, Chromatograph, EFV, or None.
3. From the Light Ends drop-down list select one of the
following options: Ignore, Input Composition, or Auto
Calculate.
4. From the Molecular Wt. Curve drop-down list, select one
of the following options: Not Used, Dependent, or
Independent.
5. From the Density Curve drop-down list, select one of the
following options: Not Used, Dependent, or Independent.
6. From the Viscosity Curves drop-down list, select one of the
following options: Not Used, Dependent, or Independent.
12-46
Session Preferences
12-47
12.8.2 Assay Options Page
The Assay Options page enables you to select the methods used
to calculate an assay.
Figure 12.43
To set your default assay options, do the following:
1. From the Assay Basis drop-down list, select one of the
following options: Liquid Volume%, Mass%, or Mole%.
2. Use the drop-down lists in the Conversion Methods group to
select the methods HYSYS will use for D86-TBP
Interconversion and D2887-TBP Conversion.
3. Use the drop-down lists in the Curve Fitting Methods group
to select the extrapolation method to be used by each curve
type. There are three extrapolation methods to select from:
Lagrange, Least Squares, and Probability.
12-47
12-48
Tray Sizing Tab
12.8.3 Black Oils Page
Refer to Section 1.2.2 Setting Black Oil
Stream Default Options
and Section 1.4.1 Installing the Black Oil
Feed Streams in the
Upstream Option
Guide, for more
information on setting the
viscosity method and
water content option.
The Black Oils page allows you to set the default viscosity and
water content calculation methods for all the Black Oil streams
in your simulation.
Figure 12.44
12.9 Tray Sizing Tab
For more information
about this utility, see
Section 14.19 - Tray
Sizing in the HYSYS
Operations Guide.
The Tray Sizing tab lets you set the HYSYS defaults for the Tray
Sizing utility. Any parameters set here are automatically used
when you attach a Tray Sizing utility to your case.
12-48
Session Preferences
12-49
12.9.1 Parameters Page
Figure 12.45
To set your default tray sizing parameters, do the following:
1. In the Area Tolerance field, enter a value for your area
tolerance.
2. In the NFP Diam Factor field, enter a value for your NFP
diameter factor.
3. From the Tray Internal Type drop-down list, select one of
the following tray types: Valve, Sieve, Bubble Cap, or
Packed.
12-49
12-50
Tray Sizing Tab
12.9.2 Packed Page
Figure 12.46
For information about the
packing types available in
HYSYS, refer to the
packinfo.db file located
in the Support folder.
You can open the file
using any text editor
program.
To set your default packed parameters, do the following:
1. From the Correlation Type drop-down list, select one of the
following design correlations for predicting pressure drop
and liquid hold-up: Robbins or Sherwood-Leva-Eckert.
The default selection is Robbins.
2. In the Packing Flooding Factor field, specify the packing
flood factor of your packed tray.
The default value is 1.000.
3. In the Maximum Flooding field, specify the maximum
percentage of flooding you can have on your tray.
The default value is 70.00%.
4. In the Maximum dP per length field, specify the maximum
pressure difference you can tolerate per measured length.
The default value is 0.4086 kPa/m.
12-50
Session Preferences
12-51
12.9.3 Trayed Page
The selections made on the Trayed page are used as the default
settings for every new tray section that you add to your tray
sizing utility. The tray parameters group changes depending on
which radio button you select.
Figure 12.47
To set your default trayed parameters, do the following:
1. Select the General radio button.
In the General Tray group, enter values for the following tray
specifications: Tray Spacing, Tray Thickness, Tray Foaming
Factor, Max Tray Flooding, Weir Height, Max Weir Loading, D/
C Type, D/C Clearance, and Max DC Backup.
2. Select the Sieve radio button.
In the Sieve Tray group, enter values for the following sieve
tray specifications: Hole Diameter, Hole Pitch, Flooding
Method and Max Tray DP (height of liquid).
Sieve tray calculations are based on the valve tray manuals
for tray layout, and Mass-Transfer Operations for pressure
drop, weeping and entrainment calculations by Treybal
(McGraw-Hill).
12-51
12-52
Tray Sizing Tab
3. Select the Valve radio button.
In the Valve Tray group, enter values for the following valve
tray specifications: Orifice Type, Design Manual, Valve
Material Density, Valve Material Thickness, Hole Area (% of
actual area) and Max Tray DP (height of liquid).
Valve tray calculations are based on the Glitsch, Koch, and
Nutter valve tray design manuals.
4. Click the Bubble Cap radio button.
In the Bubble Cap Tray group, enter values for the following
bubble cap tray specifications: Hole Area (% of actual area),
Cap Slot Height and Max Tray DP (height of liquid).
Bubble tray calculations are based on the method described
in Design of Equilibrium Stage Processes by Bufford D. Smith
(Wiley & Sons).
5. Click on the Chimney radio button.
In the Chimney Tray group, enter values for Riser Area (% of
AA), Riser Height, Chimney Tray Spacing, Max Tray DP
(height of liquid), Chimney Weir Height, and Residence
Time.
6. Click on the Sump Tray radio button.
In the Sump Tray group, enter values for Sump Tray
Spacing, Liquid Height, Residence Time, and Max Tray DP
(height of liquid).
12-52
Window & Help Options
13-1
13 Window & Help
Options
13.1 Introduction................................................................................. 2
13.2 Window Menu .............................................................................. 2
13.2.1 Save Workspace ..................................................................... 3
13.2.2 Load Workspace ..................................................................... 4
13.3 Help Menu .................................................................................... 5
13.3.1 Adding a Bug Report ............................................................... 5
13.3.2 Editing a Bug Report ............................................................... 6
13.3.3 Deleting a Bug Report ............................................................. 6
13-1
13-2
Introduction
13.1 Introduction
This chapter provides descriptions for the options available in
the Window and Help menus.
To access the Window or Help menu options, do one of the
following:
•
•
•
Click the required menu bar item to open the associated
menu.
Use the ALT key in combination with the underlined
letter in the menu title. For example, ALT W opens the
Window menu.
Use the ALT key by itself to move the active location to
the File menu in the menu bar. When the menu bar is
active, navigate across it using the keyboard. The UP
and DOWN arrow keys move through the menu
associated with a specific item, while the LEFT and
RIGHT arrow keys move to the next menu bar item,
opening the associated menu.
If you want to switch focus from the menu bar without
making a selection, press the ESC key or the ALT key.
13.2 Window Menu
This menu contains general Windows application functions. The
commands are as follows:
Command
Description
Arrange Desktop
Cascades all property views that are currently open
and not iconized. Face plates are placed in rows or
column according to the specifications on the Desktop
page of the Session Preferences property view. Refer
to Section 12.2.3 - Desktop Page, for more
information.
Arrange Icons
Arranges icons horizontally at the bottom of the
Desktop.
Close
Closes the active property view.
Close All
Closes all property views.
Save Workspace
Saves the current property view layout for future use.
Load Workspace
Loads another HYSYS case which is currently open.
This function lets you toggle between cases.
13-2
Window & Help Options
13-3
The last section in this menu lists all open property views on the
Desktop. The active property view is indicated by a checkmark.
13.2.1 Save Workspace
You can save different Workspace arrangements within a HYSYS
case. The Workspace is a specific organization of property views
for the current case. For example, create an arrangement of
property views that has the PFD, Workbook, Controllers, Strip
Charts, etc. You can name each arrangement individually, then
access the arrangement at any time.
Figure 13.1
This has no effect on the calculation status. It is simply the way
the various property views are arranged. After changes are
made to the Desktop arrangement, reload a saved arrangement
to access the property view layout.
1. From the Window menu, select Save Workspace. The
Save Workspace property view appears.
2. In the Save Workspace As field, enter the name of the
workspace.
3. Click Save.
13-3
13-4
Window Menu
13.2.2 Load Workspace
The Load Workspace property view displays all cases that are
currently open and the workspaces available for the loaded
case.
Loading a Workspace
1. From the Window menu, select Load Workspace. The
Load Workspace property view appears.
Figure 13.2
Select the Save when Switching checkbox to save the case
when switching between workspaces.
2. In the list of available cases, select the case in which you are
currently working.
3. From the list of available workspaces, select the workspace
you want to use.
4. Click Load.
Switching to Another Open Case
1. From the Window menu, select Load Workspace. The
Load Workspace property view appears.
2. From the list of available cases, select the case in which you
want to switch.
3. From the list of available workspaces, select the workspace
you want to load in the new case.
13-4
Window & Help Options
13-5
4. Click Load.
Select the Save when Switching checkbox to save the case
when switching between cases.
13.3 Help Menu
The following table lists and describes the commands in the Help
menu:
Command
Description
HYSYS Help
Topics
Opens the HYSYS Online Help to the Welcome page.
Help on
Extending HYSYS
Opens the HYSYS Extensibility Online Help.
Help on the
Current Form
Opens the HYSYS Online Help to the topic that relates
to the active property view. If no topic is found for that
property view, the Welcome page appears.
Bug Reports
Accesses HYSYS’ unique bug reporting option.
About HYSYS
Provides information about HYSYS (version, etc.).
Hyprotech on the
Web
Clicking the Hyprotech on the Web command opens a
sub-menu with a link to the Hyprotech Web site.
13.3.1 Adding a Bug Report
1. From the Help menu, select Bug Reports. The Bug Reports
property view appears.
2. Click the New button to display the Bug Report property
view.
3. In the Bug Title field, type the name of the bug report.
4. The current date and time appear in the Date field, but you
can change it if necessary.
5. In the Reported by field, type a contact name so Hyprotech
Technical Support can ask further questions or provide
answers to the problem.
6. In the Class group, click either the Bug or Enhancement
radio button.
7. In the Priority group, click either the High, Medium, or Low
radio button.
13-5
13-6
Help Menu
8. In the Program Area field, enter the area of the program in
which the bug is found.
For example, if a bug is found on the Assay tab of the Oil
Characterization environment, specify Assay tab - Oil
Characterization environment. Be as specific as possible so
the problem can be located.
9. In the Step-by-Step Description field, enter the steps
used to produce the bug. Be as specific as possible so the
problem can be located and fixed.
10. In the Reproducibility group, click either the Always,
Sometimes, or Never radio button.
11. Click the Write button to display the Save File property
view.
12. Specify a name and location for your bug report file.
13. Click Save.
14. E-mail the bug report file to the Support Center at
[email protected]
13.3.2 Editing a Bug Report
1. From the Help menu, select Bug Reports. The Bug Reports
property view appears.
2. From the list of available bug reports, select the bug report
you want edit.
3. Click the Edit button to display the Bug Report property
view.
4. Modify any of the parameters making up the bug report.
13.3.3 Deleting a Bug Report
1. From the Help menu, select Bug Reports. The Bug Reports
property view appears.
2. From the list of available bug reports, select the bug report
you want delete.
3. Click the Delete button.
You are not prompted to confirm the deletion of a bug report,
so ensure the correct report is selected before deleting.
13-6
Index
A
Absorber Column 8-32
Adding
annotations in PFD 10-43
assay 6-6
blend 6-8
bug report 13-5
component list 5-5
component map 5-24
correlation set 6-13
fluid package 5-11
global correlation set 11-83
global property correlation 11-80
hypotheticals 5-14
operation 8-5
optimization object 7-54
reaction 5-19
reaction set 5-21
report 9-9
schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-21
stream 8-5
subflowsheets 10-38
unit set 12-24
user password 11-65
user property 5-26, 6-11
user variables 7-45
utilities 7-96
Adjust 8-39
Air Cooler 8-12
Annotations 10-42
adding in PFD 10-43
editing in PFD 10-43
moving and sizing labels 10-44
Assay 6-5
adding 6-6
cloning 6-7
deleting 6-7
editing 6-6
exporting 6-7
importing 6-7
Axes 10-48
Azimuth 11-37
B
Baghouse Filter 8-21
Balance 8-41
Basis Environment 5-2
entering 7-42
Basis Menu 5-2
Boiling Ranges 6-3
Boundary Label 3-22
Bug Report 13-5
adding 13-5
deleting 13-6
editing 13-6
C
Calculation/Responsiveness Button 1-11
Case 1-9
snap shot 11-26
states 11-26
Case Collaboration 11-94
available streams 11-98
available unit operations 11-100
messages 11-102
published data viewer 11-96
Case Security 11-57
adding user password 11-65
changing master password 11-64
clearing master password 11-65
clearing user password 11-66
file security setup 11-61
hardware locks 11-67
loading a lock case 11-60
locking a case 11-58
master password 11-63
removing hardware locks 11-69
scanning lock codes 11-68
specifying lock codes 11-68
time restriction 11-67
unlocking a case 11-70
user password 11-65
viewing user password 11-66
Case Studies 11-31
3-dimensional graph control 11-37
adding 11-32
multi-dimensional graphing 11-36
removing 11-32
setup 11-33
viewing results 11-35
Case Summary 11-4
Cloning
assay 6-7
blend 6-10
correlation set 6-15
property correlation 11-81
user property 6-12
I-1
I-2
Index
Closing a Simulation Case 4-9
Colour Schemes 7-83
setting preferences 12-37
Column
disabling input experts 12-6
menu 7-96
subflowsheet environment 3-8
tray section display in PFD 7-87
Column Page 12-20
Component Map 5-23
adding 5-24
basis environment 5-23
deleting 5-24
editing 5-24
Component Splitter 8-37
Components 5-4
adding 5-5
copying list 5-9
deleting list 5-8
editing list 5-5
exporting list 5-9
importing list 5-9
Compressible Gas Pipe 8-14
Compressor 8-13
Confirm Mode Switches 12-6
Control Manager 11-42
Conversion Reactor 8-25
Converting Case to Template 7-9
Cooler 8-9
Copy Command 10-3
Copy Special Command 10-3
Copy With Labels Command 10-3
Copying
component list 5-9
fluild package 5-12
reaction 5-20
reaction set 5-22
schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-28
Correlation Manager 11-78
adding global correlation set 11-83
adding global property 11-80
cloning property 11-81
deleting clone property 11-82
removing global property 11-81
Correlation Oil Environment 6-13
Crystallizer 8-27
CSTR 8-22
Cursors 12-42
Cut Command 10-3
Cut⁄ Blend 6-8
Cyclone 8-19
D
Data Historian 11-25
exporting 11-25
See also Strip Charts
viewing current data 11-26
Data Recorder 11-26
deleting states 11-29
recording states 11-27
setup 11-30
Databook 11-5
adding process data table 11-8
adding scenario 11-27
adding scenarios 11-26
adding variables 11-6
case studies See Case Studies
data recorder See Data Recorder
deleting process data table 11-9
deleting scenario 11-29
deleting variables 11-7
editing variables 11-7
process data tables 11-8
strip charts See also Strip Charts 11-10
variables 11-5
viewing process data table 11-9
viewing scenario 11-28
Datasheets 12-33
printing 9-4
Defining
3 phase distillation column 8-36
3 phase separator 8-8
absorber column 8-32
adjust 8-39
air cooler 8-12
baghouse filter 8-21
balance 8-41
component splitter 8-37
compressible gas pipe 8-14
compressor⁄ expander 8-13
conversion reactor 8-25
cooler⁄ heater 8-9
crystallizer 8-27
CSTR 8-22
cyclone 8-19
digital point 8-42
distillation column 8-29
energy stream 8-7
I-2
Index I-3
equilibrium reactor 8-24
gibbs reactor 8-24
heat exchanger 8-11
hydrocyclone 8-20
liquid-liquid extractor 8-35
LNG exchanger 8-10
material stream 8-6
mixer 8-17
MPC controller 8-42
neutralizer 8-26
PFR 8-23
PID controller 8-40
pipe segment 8-15
precipitator 8-28
pump 8-13
reboiled absorber column 8-33
recycle 8-39
refluxed absorber column 8-31
relief valve 8-17
rotary vacuum filter 8-21
selector block 8-41
separator 8-7
set 8-39
short cut distillation column 8-37
simple solid separator 8-18
tank 8-8
tee 8-18
transfer function block 8-42
valve 8-16
Deleting
assay 6-7
blend 6-10
bug report 13-6
clone property correlation 11-82
component list 5-8
component map 5-24
confirm mode 12-6
correlation set 6-15
event 7-27
fluid package 5-12
hypothetical group 5-16
optimization object 7-56
PFDs 7-77
reaction 5-20
reaction set 5-21
report 9-13
schedule 7-26
sequence 7-27
unit set 12-24
user property 5-27, 6-12
user variables 7-45
utilities 7-99
Desktop 1-10
main features 1-10
preferences 12-9
toolbar 1-17
Digital Point 8-42
Distillation Column 8-29
DXF Files 9-17
Dynamic 7-39
Dynamic Assistant 12-13
Dynamics Assistant 7-39, 11-41
hot keys 1-20
icon 1-17
E
Echo ID 11-77
Edit Menu 10-3
Editing
assay 6-6
blend 6-9
bug report 13-6
component list 5-5
component map 5-24
correlation set 6-15
fluid package 5-12
hypothetical group 5-16
optimization object 7-55
PFD 10-4
reaction 5-20
reaction set 5-21
report 9-13
user property 5-27, 6-12
user variables 7-45
Energy Stream 8-7
Enter Basis Environment 7-42
Environments 3-4
advantages 3-11
column subflowsheet 3-8
entering build 7-49
main flowsheet 3-7
oil characterization 3-6
relations 3-9
simulation 3-6, 7-4
simulation basis 3-5, 5-2
subflowsheet 3-7, 3-13
Equation Summary 7-41
Equilibrium Reactor 8-24
I-3
I-4
Index
Event Scheduler 7-20
adding schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-21
copying schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-28
deleting event 7-27
deleting schedule 7-26
deleting sequence 7-27
exporting schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-31
importing schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 730
sorting schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-33
Exit HYSYS 4-10
Expander 8-13
Exporting
assay 6-7
component list 5-9
fluild package 5-13
historical data 11-25
hypothetical group 5-17
reaction set 5-22
schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-31
user variables 7-47
xml 7-12
Extensions 12-44
External Data Linker 11-103
attaching external stream 11-105
attaching internal stream 11-106
configuration page 11-107
connections page 11-105
design tab 11-104
revision history tab 11-107
transfer specification 11-107
F
Face Plates 11-39
opening 7-82, 11-39
preferences 12-9
types 11-41
file extentions 4-8
File Menu 4-3
closing a simulation case 4-9
exit 4-10
printing 4-9
save a simulation case 4-7
starting a simulation case 4-3
Files
case 1-9
hfl 4-10
Hyprotech file picker 12-35
hysim case 4-4
saving locations 12-36
templates 3-19, 7-9
xml 7-10
Files Preferences 12-35
Flowsheet 3-3
adding utilities 7-98
boundary label 3-22
column 3-3
deleting utilities 7-99
information transfer 3-18
massbal 3-4
multi-level architecture 3-15
object browser 7-50
special elements 1-9
transfer basis 3-22
viewing utilities 7-99
Flowsheet Analysis 7-78
Flowsheet Menu
adding operation 8-5
adding streams 8-5
boiling ranges property view 6-3
fluid package⁄ dynamic model 7-57
notes manager 7-52
object navigator 7-47
object palette 8-3
optimization objects 7-54
reaction package 5-28, 7-56
simulation navigator 7-50
user variables See also User Variables 742
Fluid Package 5-9
adding 5-11
associating to flowsheet 5-13
copying 5-12
deleting 5-12
editing 5-12
exporting 5-13
importing 5-12
in subflowsheets 3-14
Fluid Package⁄ Dynamic Model 7-57
Fly-by Information Boxes 7-80
Fonts 12-39
Forget Pass 1-6
Format Editor 10-55
G
Gibbs Reactor 8-24
Graph Control 10-46
3-dimensional 11-37
I-4
Index I-5
manipulating axes 10-48
manipulating graph title 10-51
manipulating legend 10-52
manipulating plot area 10-53
modifying data display lines 10-47
strip charts 11-18
H
Heat Exchanger 8-11
Heater 8-9
Help Menu 13-5
Help Options 13-5
HFL Files 4-10
Home View Preferences 12-9
Hot Keys 1-19
Hydrocyclone 8-20
Hypotheticals 5-13
adding 5-14
deleting group 5-16
editing group 5-16
exporting group 5-17
importing group 5-16
HYSIM Case
limitations 4-6
opening in HYSYS 4-5
reading 4-4
I
Icons
changing default preferences 12-41
changing icons on PFD 10-21
toolbar 1-17
wire frame/3D 10-22
Importing
assay 6-7
component list 5-9
fluild package 5-12
hypothetical group 5-16
reaction set 5-22
schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-30
user variables 7-46
Information Transfer 3-18
Input Experts Option 12-6
Installing
objects from object palette 8-3
oil into flowsheet 6-16
operation from flowsheet menu 8-5
operation from workbook 7-61
stream from flowsheet menu 8-5
stream from workbook 7-61
templates 3-26
Integrator 7-36
active 7-41
holding 7-41
Interface
basics 1-4
elements 1-5
flowsheet elements 1-9
terminology 1-11
L
Legend 10-52
License 12-16
Line Segments
adding bend points 10-27
alignment 10-30
line straightening 10-29
moving 10-26
removng bend points 10-28
Liquid-Liquid Extractor 8-35
LNG Exchanger 8-10
Logger Set-Up 11-11
Logger Set-Up-All 11-11
Logger Size 11-11
M
Macro Language Editor 11-55
Material Stream 8-6
Menu Bar
access 4-2, 10-3, 11-3, 13-2
basis 5-2
closing a simulation case 4-9
column 7-96
edit 10-3
file 4-3
help 13-5
PFD 10-5
printing 9-3
saving simulation case 4-7
starting a simulation case 4-3
utilities 7-96
window 13-2
workbook See also Workbook 7-58
Mixer 8-17
Modal Property Views 12-7
Mouse Wheel Scrolling 10-24
MPC Controller 8-42
Multi-flowsheet Architecture 1-6
I-5
I-6
Index
N
Naming Preferences 12-11
Navigation Between Flowsheets 3-17
Neutralizer 8-26
Non-Modal Property Views 12-7
Notes 11-24
Notes Manager 7-52
O
Object
browser 7-50
deselection 10-15
moving 10-15
multiple selection in PFD 10-14
single selection in PFD 10-13
transformation 10-20
variable table 7-89
object inspect menu 1-8
Object Navigator 7-47
entering build 7-49
locating 7-49
multi-flowsheet navigation 3-17
object filter 7-48
Object Palette 8-3
Object Status Window 1-13
object inspect menu 1-15
Objects
combine into subflowsheets 10-38
Oil Characterization Environment
See Environments
Oil Manager
adding blend 6-8
adding correlation set 6-13
adding user property 6-11
assay 6-5
basis environment 5-17
cloning blend 6-10
cloning correlation set 6-15
cloning user property 6-12
correlation 6-13
cut⁄ blend 6-8
deleting blend 6-10
deleting correlation set 6-15
deleting user property 6-12
editing blend 6-9
editing correlation set 6-15
editing user property 6-12
install oil into flowsheet 6-16
oil characterization environment 6-3
oil output settings 6-3
user property 6-10
Oil Output Settings 6-3, 7-47
Oils Preferences 12-45
Operations
analysis 3-30
connecting in PFD 10-34
deleting from workbook 7-62
installing from flowsheet menu 8-5
installing from workbook 7-61
performance 3-30
subflowsheet 3-13
Optimization Objects 7-54
adding 7-54
deleting 7-56
editing 7-55
Optimizer 7-19
P
Pan/Zoom Functions 10-7
See also PFD
Paste Command 10-3
Performance Page 12-14
Performance Speed 12-14
PFD 7-74
accessing objects property views 7-79
adding annotations 10-42
additional functions 10-12
aligning objects 10-17
auto positioning 10-16
auto snap align 10-17
auto-scrolling 10-24
break connection icon 10-37
changing icons 10-21
cloning objects 10-40
closing panes 7-95
colour schemes 12-37
column subflowsheet 7-82
column tables 7-92
connecting logical operations 10-35
connecting operations to streams 10-33
connecting streams and operations 10-31
connecting two operations 10-34
creating streams from operation 10-32
Cut/Copy/Paste 10-40
Cut/Paste Functions 10-38
deleting streams and operations 7-80
deselecting objects 10-15
I-6
Index I-7
disconnecting streams and operations 1035
editing 10-4
exchanging XML files 7-95
exporting objects 10-39
flowsheet analysis 7-78
hiding objects 10-45
importing objects 10-40
label variables 10-41
line segments See also Line Segments 1025
modes See also PFD Modes 10-8
moving objects 10-15
multi-pane 7-93
notebook 7-75
object inspect menu 10-6
object transformation 10-20
object variable table 7-89
open PFD option 7-81
pan and zoom 10-7
printing 9-6
printing as a DFX file 9-17
quick route 10-12
rebuilding 10-31
resizing panes 7-95
reveal hidden objects 10-45
selecting objects 10-13
show/hide subflowsheet objects 7-81
sizing objects 10-18
stream label options 10-41
subflowsheets 10-38
swap connections 10-19
swap connections button 10-12
table properties 7-90
tables 7-88
thick stream line 10-22
tools 10-7
wire frame/3D icon 10-22
working across panes 7-94
PFD Colour Schemes 7-83
adding query colour scheme 7-85
changing 7-85
deleting query colour scheme 7-86
editing query colour scheme 7-86
selecting 7-85
PFD Menu 10-5
PFD Modes
attach 10-9
auto attach 10-9
move 10-9
size 10-9
PFD Notebook 7-75
deleting a PFD 7-77
installing a new PFD 7-76
renaming a PFD 7-77
PFR 8-23
PID Controller 8-40
Pipe Segment 8-15
Playback
See Script Manager
Plots
control 10-46
printing 9-6
Precipitator 8-28
Preference
See Session Preferences
Printer Setup 9-7
Printing
datasheets 9-4
menu bar 9-3
menu bar command 4-9
options 9-3
PFD 9-6, 10-46
PFD as DFX file 9-17
plots 9-6
printer setup 9-7
reports 9-17
snap shots 9-7
Property View
flowsheet analysis 3-28
locating 7-49
Publishing Stream & Operation 10-23
Pump 8-13
Q
Quick Route 10-12
R
Reaction Package 5-28, 7-56
Reactions
adding 5-19
adding set 5-21
adding set to fluid package 5-22
basis environment 5-18
copying 5-20
copying set 5-22
deleting 5-20
deleting set 5-21
I-7
I-8
Index
editing 5-20
editing set 5-21
exporting set 5-22
importing set 5-22
Real Format Editor 10-55, 12-29
Reboiled Absorber Column 8-33
Recording
See Script Manager
Recycle 8-39
Reflux Absorber Column 8-31
Relief Valve 8-17
Report Builder 9-13
Report Manager 9-8
Report Preferences 12-30
Reports 9-8
creating 9-9
deleting 9-13
editing 9-13
editing datasheet 9-12
format and layout 9-13
inserting datasheet 9-10
printing and previewing 9-17
removing datasheet 9-13
text format 9-15
Resource Preferences 12-37
Rotary Vacuum Filter 8-21
RTI Server 12-19
Runtime Mode 11-71
S
Sample Interval 11-11
Saving
file locations 12-36
save all cases 4-7
save as 4-7
simulation case 4-7
workspace 13-3
Scenarios
adding to databook 11-27
deleting 11-29
recording states 11-27
viewing in data recorder 11-28
Script Manager 11-53
playback 11-55
recording 11-54
Selector Block 8-41
Separator 8-7
Session Preferences 12-3
colour options 12-37
column options 12-5, 12-20
cursor options 12-42
desktop options 12-9
dynamics options 12-13
errors options 12-5
file location options 12-36
file saving options 12-35
fonts options 12-39
format options 12-28
general options 12-5
icon options 12-41
license options 12-16
licensing options 12-17
loading 12-4
modifying formats 12-28
naming options 12-11
oil assay default definition 12-45
oil characterizing options 12-45
performance setting 12-14
register external extension options 12-44
report company information options 1234
report format⁄ layout options 12-31
report information options 12-33
report text format options 12-32
RTI server options 12-19
saving 12-4
sound options 12-43
status window options 12-21
tool tips options 12-12
trace window options 12-21
tray sizing options 12-48
units options 12-23
Set 8-39
Short Cut Distillation Column 8-37
Simple Solid Separator 8-18
Simulation Basis Environment
See Environments
Simulation Basis Manager 5-3
Simulation Case 1-9
calculation levels 7-7
converting case to template 7-9
manipulation 7-5
status 7-6
Simulation Environment
See Environments
Simulation Menu
dynamic⁄ steady state 7-39
enter basis environment 7-42
I-8
Index I-9
event scheduler See also Event Scheduler
7-20
importing & exporting user variables 7-46
integratorSee also Integrator 7-36
main properties See also Simulation Case
7-5
oil output settings 7-47
optimizer See also Optimizer 7-19
simultaneous adjust manager 7-38
solver active⁄ holding 7-40
user variables See also User Variables 742
view equations 7-41
xml See also XML 7-10
Simulation Navigator 7-50
viewing an object 7-52
Simultaneous Adjust Manager 7-38
Snap Shot 11-26
Snapshot Manager 11-46
Solver Active 7-40
Solver Holding 7-40
Sorting
schedule⁄ sequence⁄ event 7-33
Sounds 12-43
Starting a Simulation Case 4-3
States
See Snap Shot
Steady State 7-39
Step Size 7-38
Streams
adding utilities 7-97
allowing multiple connections 12-5
analysis 3-28
bend points 10-27
defining energy stream 8-7
defining material stream 8-6
deleting from workbook 7-62
deleting utilities 7-99
installing 8-5
installing from object palette 8-3
installing from workbook 7-61
manual route mode 10-25
PFD label options 10-41
quick route mode 10-25
view new upon creation 12-5
viewing utilities 7-98
Strip Charts 11-10
adding 11-11
curves 11-13
deleting 11-12
graph control 11-18
graphical line appearance 11-20
graphical line properties 11-21–11-22
historical data 11-25
interval markers 11-16
Logger Set-Up 11-11
Logger Set-Up-All 11-11
manipulating x-axis 11-15
manipulating y-axis 11-14
object inspect menu 11-18
print control 11-24
viewing 11-12
zooming 11-16
Subflowsheets 3-13
advantages 3-14
capabilities 3-14
components 3-14
creating 10-38
viewing from workbook 7-65
Swapping Connections in the PFD 10-12
T
Tank 8-8
Tee 8-18
Templates 3-19
creating 3-24
exported connections 3-20
exported variables 3-23
feed and product streams 3-21
information 3-19
installed simulation basis 3-21
installing 3-26
reading 3-27
tag 3-21
Terminology Structure 1-9
Three Phase Distillation Column 8-36
Three Phase Separator 8-8
Tool Tips 12-12
PFD 7-80
Toolbar 1-17
Tools Menu
case collaboration 11-94
case security 11-57
case summaries 11-4
control manager 11-42
correlation manager 11-78
databook See also Databook 11-5
dynamics assistant 11-41
I-9
I-10
Index
echo id 11-77
face plates See also Face Plates 11-39
macro language editor 11-55
pfd 11-3
reports 11-5
script manager See also Script Manager
11-53
session preferences 12-3
utilities 11-5
workbook 11-3
Trace Window 1-13
object inspect menu 1-16
Transfer Basis
flash types 3-22
See Flowsheet
Transfer Function Block 8-42
Tray Sizing Preferences 12-48
packing options 12-50
parameters options 12-49
tray setting options 12-51
Variable Navigator 11-108
navigator scope 11-109
using 11-108
Viewing
user password 11-66
utilities 7-98
W
Unit Set 12-23
adding 12-24
adding conversions 12-25
changing 12-25
deleting 12-24
deleting conversions 12-27
viewing conversions 12-26
viewing users 12-27
Units Preferences 12-23
User Property
adding 5-26
basis environment 5-25
deleting 5-27
editing 5-27
oil environment 6-10
User Variables 7-42
adding 7-45
deleting 7-45
editing 7-45
exporting and importing 7-46
Utilities 7-96
adding 7-96
deleting 7-99
viewing 7-98
Window Menu 13-2
load workspace 13-4
save workspace 13-3
switch workspace 13-4
Windows Functionality 1-4
Workbook 7-58
accessing objects 7-63
adding new tabs 7-67
deleting operations 7-62
deleting streams 7-62
deleting tabs 7-70
editing tabs 7-68
exporting 7-73
exporting tabs 7-73
importing 7-74
importing tabs 7-74
installing operations 7-61
installing streams 7-61
object hide 7-71
object reveal 7-71
object sort 7-70
opening 7-59
show name only 7-66
sorting information 7-70
tab setup 7-66
tables on PFD 7-88
variable sort 7-72
viewing subflowsheets 7-65
Workbook Menu 7-60
export 7-73
import 7-74
order hide reveal objects 7-70
page scope 7-65
setup 7-66
Workspace
loading 13-4
saving 13-3
switching 13-4
V
X
Valve 8-16
XML 7-10
U
I-10
Index I-11
exporting 7-12
importing 7-12
printing 7-12
Z
Zoom Icons 10-7
I-11
I-12
Index
I-12
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