Installation and Operating Instructions

Installation and Operating Instructions
A Leader in
Level Measurement
For Assistance Call 1-800-527-6297
Outside North America + 215-674-1234
Installation and
Operating Instructions
USonic™ Series
Continuous Ultrasonic Level
Transmitter using US-XX Series
Electronics
U.S. and Canada:
1-800-553-9092
24-Hour Service:
1-800-527-6297
International:
+1 215-674-1234
Fax:
+1 215-674-2731
E-mail:
[email protected]
Website: www.drexelbrook.com
AMETEK Drexelbrook makes no warranty of any kind with regard to the material contained in this
manual, including, but not limited to, implied warranties or fitness for a particular purpose. Drexelbrook
shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for incidental or consequential damages in connection
with the performance or use of material.
© Copyright AMETEK Drexelbrook
EDO# 5-13-103
US-XX-LM
Issue #10
USonic™ Series
Continuous Ultrasonic Level Transmitter
using US-XX Series Electronics
Table of Contents
Glossary of Terms............................................................................................................................ vi
Quick Start Menu............................................................................................................................ viii
Section 1:Introduction...................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Product Description.............................................................................................................. 1
1.2 Models Available................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Approvals: (See Section: 6.4 for Details) ............................................................................. 1
1.4 System Specifications:.......................................................................................................... 2
1.5 Definition of Terms................................................................................................................ 2
1.6 Types of Output..................................................................................................................... 3
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs .................................................................................................. 4
Section 2:Installation...................................................................................................................... 11
2.1Unpacking........................................................................................................................... 11
2.2 Mounting the Transmitter.................................................................................................... 11
2.3 Wiring the Transmitter......................................................................................................... 13
2.4 Installation Examples.......................................................................................................... 14
Section 3:Configuration................................................................................................................. 17
3.1 System Configuration with Display / Keypad...................................................................... 17
3.2 Configuration Menu............................................................................................................ 18
3.3 Menu Functions.................................................................................................................. 18
3.4 Error Messages.................................................................................................................. 24
3.5 Menu / Display Abbreviations............................................................................................. 24
Section 4:Troubleshooting............................................................................................................. 25
4.1 Troubleshooting Procedures .............................................................................................. 25
4.2 Optimized Field Calibration................................................................................................. 26
4.3 Troubleshooting the Loop Connections............................................................................... 26
4.4 Diagnostic Messages.......................................................................................................... 27
4.5 Telephone Assistance......................................................................................................... 28
4.6 Equipment Return / Warranty............................................................................................. 28
4.7 Field Service....................................................................................................................... 29
Section 5:Configuration and Calibration With HARTWin™........................................................ 31
5.1 General Description............................................................................................................ 31
5.2 Model Number.................................................................................................................... 31
5.3 System Requirements........................................................................................................ 31
5.4 Installing The RS232 Modem.............................................................................................. 32
5.5 Installing The USB Modem................................................................................................. 33
5.6 Install the Windows Version HARTWin™ Software on Hard Drive...................................... 34
5.7 Description of Function Keys.............................................................................................. 35
5.8Configuration...................................................................................................................... 36
Section 6:System Specifications.................................................................................................. 51
6.1 Transmitter Specifications................................................................................................... 51
6.2 Transducer Specifications................................................................................................... 52
6.3 Enclosure Specifications..................................................................................................... 52
6.4Approvals............................................................................................................................ 52
Section 7:Control Drawings / General Safety Information.......................................................... 55
7.1 General Safety Information................................................................................................. 55
7.2 FM Control Drawings.......................................................................................................... 57
7.3 FMc Control Drawings........................................................................................................ 60
7.4 ATEX Control Drawings...................................................................................................... 63
USonic™ US-XX Series
Glossary of Terms
Distance
Distance Mode
The measured distance from the sensor face to the target.
Output signal increases as the distance increases (reverse acting
output)
Distance to Zero Flow This is the “No Flow” condition in a flume or weir. It may be to the bottom
of the flume/weir, or depending on the type of flume/weir the “no flow”
condition may be above the bottom of the flume/weir, with standing water
below this point.
Fault Indication
Output goes to 3.7 mA or 22 mA (user selectable in configuration menu)
during a fault condition such as Lost Echo or Near Zone. See Error
Messages section
Flow Mode
Output increases as level (head height) increases. Output is non-linear
with level and is based on Flume/Weir primary element characterization,
or strapping table
Flow rate
Flume Size
The instantaneous flow rate measured in flow mode of operation.
Flume Type
A selection of the specific flume and weir types that have been preprogrammed in the software.
Gain Adjustment
The USonic’s default gain setting is with SmartGain™, abbreviated a
“HD” in the software code. Other gain settings are available for use in
abnormal application requirements. Contact the factory before changing
from “HD” mode.
HD Adjustments
SmartGain™ (sometimes seem abbreviated as “HD”) provides an algorithm
that permits the system to ignore most internal obstructions that are
inside of the ultrasonic beam path. Changing an “HD” setting will allow
this same algorithm to be used at different power settings. Consult factory
before changing HD Adjustments.
Head Units
In Flow configuration the level measurement (bottom of flume/weir to
surface of level) is referred to a head height. Enter the units in flow rate
that will be used, GPM (Gallons per minute), MGD (Million Gallons per
Day), M3/Hr (Cubic Meters per Hour, Litres per Second, Litres per Minute)
Input Type
Allows the selection of Level, Distance, Volume or Flow. Based on user
input type selection, the USonic menu items will only allow data entry in
valid, related menus. I.e.: If Level is selected, menu’s for distance, volume
and flow are locked out.
Level
The measured distance from the sensor face to the target minus the tank
height. Or, the distance from the tank bottom to the liquid surface.
Level Mode
Lost Echo
Output signal increases as the level increases (direct acting output)
LRV
(Lower Range Value) The point at which the output signal is equal to 4
mA (0%). Also see Zero.
A selection of the various throat sizes of specific flume and weir tables
contained in the pre-programmed software.
A condition that occurs when the ultrasonic transmission does not return
to the sensor. This could be due to foam, irregular surface, dished tank
bottom, etc.
vi
Glossery of Terms
Glossary of Terms
Max Flow
This is the maximum flow rate that is expected in a specific flume or weir.
This is not necessarily the maximum flow that the flume/weir is capable
of producing.
Maximum Capacity
Used in level to volume conversions, the maximum capacity of the vessel
at a known maximum level point.
Near Zone
The distance below the sensor where the measurement cannot be made
(12 inches/305 mm)
Range
Range of Percent
The maximum distance measurable from the sensor face
Repetition Rate
This is the number of milliseconds that elapses between ultrasonic pulse
transmissions. Longer repetition rates may be helpful if there are multiples
reflections that are being picked up or if lost echoes are encountered due
to intermittent presence of foam or agitator blades. Consult Factory before
changing this parameter.
Sensor Offset
Used to tell the transmitter the amount of distance above or below the tank
height that the sensor is mounted in order to calculate the tank volume.
Span
The point in the vessel where the output signal is equal to 20 mA (100%).
Also see URV
Strapping Table
Correlates Level information to Volume information. A 21-point table that
can be customized to accommodate an irregular shaped vessel, flume or
weir. Information is entered as a Level “in” point vs. a Volume “out” point
for all 21 possible points.
Tank Height
This is the measurement from the Tank Bottom to the face of the
sensor.
Time Delay
Time delay allows signal averaging over the specified duration (0-90
seconds). Useful if wave action causes the output signal to be too “jumpy”
for control / indication use.
Totalizer reset
The USonic has two totalizers, one that is a permanent record of the
total volume that has been measured and a second totalizer that can be
reset to zero by the user. The Reset Totalize can be reset to zero in the
configuration software to allow the user to take periodic measurements
from a reference point in time.
Totalizer Scale
The totalizer keeps record of the total volume that has passed through the
flume/weir. In large flumes & weirs multipliers annotate this total volume.
Each “count” on the totalizer can be representative of an exponential
volume of water (X-1, X-10, X-1M, X-100, X-1,000, X-10,000 or X-100,000
can be selected)
URV
(Upper Range Value) The point at which the output signal is equal to 20
mA (100%). Also see Span.
Volume
The level of the liquid in the vessel converted to volume based on tank
strapping tables,
Zero
The point in the vessel where the output signal is equal to 4 mA (0%).
Also see LRV.
The percentage of level or distance between the LRV (4 mA, 0%) point and
the URV (20 mA, 100%), always enabled on the display.
vii
USonic™ US-XX Series
Quick Start Menu
Menu Navigation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Hold ENTER Button 5 seconds to access configuration menu.
Use UP & DOWN buttons to select menu items
Press ENTER button to change selected items
Hold ENTER button to go to previous menu or continue to hold to
return to operate mode.
5. Press UP & DOWN buttons simultaneously to force target
acquisition.
1.00
1.01
2.00
2.01
2.02
2.03
2.04
2.05
3.00
3.01
3.02
3.03
4.00
4.01
Input Type
Type
Level
Units
Tank Height
Sensor Offset
LRV
URV
Distance
Units
LRV
URV
Volume
Level Units
Select Application Type
Level / Distance / Volume / Flow
Enabled Only When Level Selected
Inches / Feet / Meters / Centimeters / Millimeters
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
Enabled Only When Distance Selected
Inches / Feet / Meters / Centimeters / Millimeters
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
Enabled Only When Volume Selected
Inches / Feet / Meters / Centimeters / Millimeters
4.02
4.03
4.04
Tank Height
Sensor Offset
Vessel Type
4.05
4.06
4.07
4.08
4.09
5.00
5.01
Load Standard Table
Vessel Units
Max Capacity
LRV
URV
Flow
Flume Type
5.02
5.03
5.04
Flume Size
Flow Units
Max Flow
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
Vertical / Hor Cyl Flat / Hor Cyl Dished / Hor Cyl Hemi / Sphere
/ Custom
Vertical / Hor Cyl Flat / Hor Cyl Dished / Hor Cyl Hemi / Sphere
Gallons / M3 / Liters / Barrels / Imperial Gallons
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
Enabled Only When Flow Selected
Parshall / Palmer Bowlus / Trapezoidal Flume / Rect Weir W/
End Contr. / Rect Weir W/o End Contr. / Trapezoidal Weir / VNotch Weir / Custom / H-Flume / Leopold Lagco
Code from Table / or / Numeric Value
GPG/ MGD / M3/HR / LPS / LPM
User Defined Numeric Value
viii
Glossery of Terms
Quick Start Menu
5.05
5.06
5.07
5.08
5.09
6.00
6.01
6.02
6.03
6.04-6.43
7.00
7.01
7.02
7.03
7.04
7.05
7.06
7.07
7.08
7.09
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18
7.19
7.20
7.21
8.00
8.01
8.02
8.03
8.04
8.05
8.06
8.07
8.08
8.09
9.00
9.01
Head Units
Distance to Zero
Sensor Offset
Totalizer Scale
Reset Totalizer?
Strapping Table
Max Points
In Point 1
Out Point 1
In / Out Points
System Settings
Temperature Units
Gain Adjustment
HD Adjustment
Rep Rate
Echoes
Damping Time
Near Zone Fault
Lost Echo Fault
Lock Ma Output
Trim 4ma
Trim 20ma
Hart Mode
Polling Address
Restore Factory Defaults?
Password
Password Enabled?
Contrast
Low Offset
High Offset
Pipe Length
Pipe Diameter
Display
Toggle?
Level
Distance
Volume
Flow
Total
Resettable Total
mA Output
Temperature
Calibration
Point Calibration
Inches / Feet / Meters / Centimeters / Millimeters
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value (Used Only With Custom Flumes)
X1 / X10 / X100 / X1k / X10k / X100k / X1Mil
No / Yes
Enabled When Volume or Flow Selected
0…21
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
F/C
Hd / Hd High / 100% / 84% / 67% / 50% / 32% / 17% / 8%
Numeric Value (Consult Factory)
300ms / 700ms / 1100 ms / 1500ms
1-10 Consult Factory
User Defined Numeric Value
High / Low
High / Low / LST VAL
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
Normal / DCS (X100)
0…15
No / Yes
Edit Password
No / Yes
0…10…50
User Defined Numeric Value, Consult Factory
User Defined Numeric Value, Consult Factory
User Defined Numeric Value
User Defined Numeric Value
No / Yes
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enable / Disable
Enter Distance To Product
ix
USonic™ US-XX Series
Quick Start Menu
PRIMARY DEVICE CODES
TRAPEZOIDAL FLUME
PARSHALL
PALMER BOWLUS
CODE
THROAT
(IN)
6
1
1
3
8
2
2
3 FT 60 DEG
4
10
3
3
5
2 IN 45 DEG WSC
5
12
4
6
6
12 IN 45 DEG SRCRC
6
15
5
9
7
24 SRCRC
7
18
6
12
8
21
7
18
9
24
10
27
8
24
11
30
9
36
10
48
11
60
12
72
13
96
CODE
SIZE
CODE
SIZE (IN)
1
SMALL 60 DEG16
1
4
2
LARGE 60 DEG
2
3
X-LARGE 60 DEG
4
H - FLUME
CODE
SIZE (IN)
1
6
2
9
CODE
SIZE
3
12
1
22.5 DEG
4
18
2
30 DEG
5
24
3
45 DEG
6
30
4
60 DEG
7
36
5
90 DEG
8
54
6
120 DEG
V-NOTCH WEIR
Rectangular Weir - with or without End Contractions: Enter Crest Length
Trapezoidal Weir: Enter Crest Length
Leopold Lagco Flume: Enter Flume Size
x
Introduction
Section 1: Introduction
1.1 Product Description
The AMETEK Drexelbrook® USonic™ Series instrument is a TwoWire (Integral) assembly. Using ultrasonic technology, the USonic™
continuously and accurately measures Level up to a range of 30 feet, or
Open Channel Flow. The measurement output is a 4-20 mA current
signal or HART® digital communications.
The Ultrasonic sensor is made of CPVC for compatibility with a wide
range of process materials.
1.2 Models Available
USonic™
Technology
US USonic Continuous Two-Wire Ultrasonic Transmitter
Housing
1
2
PBT (Valox), NEMA 4X with display / Keypad * (Not Available with ATEX / CE Approvals)
Cast Aluminum XP Housing - non indicating with display / Keypad **
Mounting
1
2
3
4
2" NPT with 1/2" NPT Electrical Connections - Approvals: FM, FMc, IECEX
2" BSP with M20 Electrical Connections - Approvals: FM, FMc, IECEX
2" NPT with 1/2" NPT Electrical Connections- Approvals: ATEX / CE, IECEX
2" BSP with M20 Electrical Connections - Approvals: ATEX / CE, IECEX
US
*
**
Intrinsic Safety Approvals
Intrinsic Safety Approvals & FM / FMc Approved Explosion Proof
1.3 Approvals: (See Section: 6.4 for Details)
FM, FMc, ATEX, IECEX
Intrinsically Safe for Class I, Div. 1, Zone 0, Zone 1 hazardous
locations.
Cast Aluminum Housing versions:
FM Explosion Proof for Class I, Div. 1 hazardous locations.
1
USonic™ US-XX Series
1.4 System Specifications:
• Power: 19 to 30 Vdc
• Output: 2-Wire, 4-20 mA, HART
• Sensor: 6.5” CPVC sensor rated: -40°F to +160°F (-40°C to +71°C)
• Sensor Mounting: 2” NPT or 2” BSP, CPVC
• Display Option: 2-Line, 7 digit LCD
• Software: Level, Distance, Volume, Flow rate via user selectable
Flume and Weir characterizations or 21-Point strapping table,
Totalization via 1 resettable and 1 non-resettable totalizer.
1.5
Definition of Terms
Zero: (LRV)
The point at which the output signal is equal to 4 mA (0%)
Span: (URV)
The point at which the output signal is equal to 20 mA (100%)
Range:
The Maximum distance measurable from the transducer face.
Near Zone:
The distance just below the transducer face where the transmitter
cannot make a level measurement (12 inches / 305 mm).
Lost Echo:
A condition that occurs when the ultrasonic energy is not being
returned to the transducer. For example, a loss of echo may occur
when large amounts of foam are present.
Strapping Table:
Displays the value of the input to level and output to volume in
percent in a 21-Point table. This also allows points to be changed
to accommodate irregular shaped vessels and custom flume or weir
characterizations.
2
Introduction
1.5 Definition of Terms (Continued)
Sensor Offset:
Sensor Offset is used to tell the transmitter the amount of distance
above or below the top of the tank that the transducer face is located
in order to calculate the tank volume. Sensor Offset can be applied in
cases where:
• The transducer protrudes below the top of the tank, or
• The transducer is mounted above the top of the tank, or
• A pipe extension is installed to raise the transducer face 12 inches
above the tank height to compensate for the 12-Inch Near Zone.
See Section 5.8.1.
1.6 Types of Output
Level Mode:
Output increases as the internal level of the vessel increases.
Level output is the most common type of output measurement.
Configuration is referenced from the bottom of the vessel.
Distance Mode:
Output increases as the distance increases away from the transducer.
Configuration is referenced from the Transducer Face.
Flow Mode:
Output increases as head height level increases (increasing flow
rate). Output is non-linear with level changes and is based on the
flow characteristic of a selected Flume, Weir, or strapping table for a
custom primary flow device.
Fault Indication:
Output goes to 3.7 or 22 mA (user selectable) during a fault condition
such as Lost Echo or Near Zone violations.
3
USonic™ US-XX Series
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs
The USonic™ Supports the Following Flumes and Weirs:
Leopold-Lagco Flumes (Variable Sizes):
Flume Diameter (D)
D/2
4
Introduction
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs (Continued)
“H” Flumes:
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Inches
6
9
12
18
24
30
36
54
Millimeters
152
229
305
457
610
762
914
1372
Measuring Point
Plan
Flume
Size
Front
5
USonic™ US-XX Series
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs (Continued)
Palmer Bowlus Flumes:
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Inches
4
6
8
10
12
15
18
21
24
27
30
Millimeters
102
152
203
254
305
381
457
533
610
686
762
Conduit Diameter (D)
D/2
Throat
6
Introduction
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs (Continued)
Trapezoidal (Cipolletti ) Weir (Variable Sizes):
Trapezoidal (Cipolletti ) Flume:
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
Size
Small 60° V
Large 60° V
X Large 60° V
3 ft 60° V
2 in 45° WSC
12 in 45°
SRCRC
24 in SRCRC
7
H max
Crest Length
min. 3-4 H max
7
USonic™ US-XX Series
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs (Continued)
V-Notch Weirs:
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
Size
22.5°
30°
45°
60°
90°
120°
V-Notch Angleº
H max
min. 3-4 H max
8
Introduction
Length and Weirs (Continued)
1.7 Types ofCrest
Flumes
Rectangular Weirs (Variable Sizes):
Rectangular Weir with End Contractions
FLOW
H
Crest Length
Crest Length
min. 3-4 H max
H max
Rectangular Weir without End Contractions
FLOW
H
Crest Length
min. 3-4 H max
min. 3-4 H max
H max
min. 3-4 H max
9
USonic™ US-XX Series
1.7 Types of Flumes and Weirs (Continued)
Parshall Flumes:
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
Inches
1
2
3
6
9
12
18
24
36
48
60
72
96
Millimeters
25
51
76
152
229
305
457
610
914
1219
1524
1829
2438
2/3 Z
Z
W
10
Installation
Section 2: Installation
2.1Unpacking
Carefully remove the contents of the shipping carton and check each item
against the packing list before destroying any packing material. If there
is any shortage or damage, report it to the factory immediately.
2.2
Mounting the Transmitter
The USonic transmitter is available only as an integral construction. The
electronic transmitter is located within the tube assembly of the sensor
and is not serviceable by the user. Tampering with this construction will
void any existing warranties. See Figure 2-1 for standard mounting
dimensions.
4.6
(118)
2 (51)
MAXIMUM
TURNING
RADIUS
3.53
(90)
3.7
(94)
5.6
(142)
3/4" NPT
Explosion
1/2" NPT
M20
(2)
Proof
2.38
(60)
TAG
LOOP
WRENCH
FLATS
12.5
(318)
2" NPT
14
(355)
2" NPT
BSP
8.38
(213)
6.5
(165)
(-) LOOP
HART COMM
GND
(-)
(+) LOOP
HART COMM
(+)
1.9
(48)
1.9
(48)
Figure 2-1
Mounting Dimensions
Warning - Potential Electrostatic Charge Hazard
Special Coondition for Use:
For Zone 0 Installations care should be taken that the plastic sensor be
installed and used in such a way that the danger of Electrostatic charge
is excluded. For use only on liquid process mediums. Avoid rapid contact
between the process medium and the plastic sensor.
11
USonic™ US-XX Series
2.2 Mounting the Transmitter (Continued)
The USonic Series transmitter is designed for field mounting, but it should
be mounted in a location as free as possible from vibration, corrosive
atmospheres, and any possibility of mechanical damage.
For convenience when adjusting and configuring, place the USonic Series in
a reasonably accessible location. Ambient temperature should be between
-40°F to 158°F (-40°C to 70°C).
The transmitter must be mounted vertically with transducer perpendicular
to the liquid surface. When mounting the USonic Series transmitter,
consideration must be given to the 12-Inch (305 mm) Near Zone. If
the level rises to within 12 inches (305 mm) of the sensor face, a user
selectable 3.7 mA or 22 mA error signal is generated; Error message
(
) is indicated.
The conical beam of the USonic Series is approximately 10 degrees.
Therefore it is necessary to ensure that there are no unnecessary
obstructions within this beam path. Erroneous reflections can adversely
affect system operation.
For Open Channel Flow use, an optional mounting kit is available for
mounting above a flume or weir to position the system above the flow
stream. The mounting kit allows movement vertically and horizontally
for maximum placement.
• Part # 285-0001-188 (316 SS)
Refer to drawing 285-0001-188-CD for Mounting Details.
DEAD ZONE
DEAD ZONE
5˚ 5˚
Figure 2-2 Mounting Recommendations
12
Installation
2.3
Wiring the Transmitter
WARNING! If the USonic Series transmitter is located in a hazardous
environment, do not open the enclosure cover or make / break any electrical
connections without first disconnecting electrical power at the source.
Ensure that wiring, electrical fittings and conduit connections conform
to electrical codes and Approval Agency Control Drawings for specific
location and environment.
See Figure 2-3 for the wiring diagram of the USonic Series
transmitter.
Connect 2-wire input power / signal leads to the terminal block as shown.
It is recommended to use twisted, shielded pair to eliminate noise. The
shield (or drain) wire should be grounded at the power source and left
floating at the USonic Series Transmitter end.
3 17/32
2 3/8"
WRENCH
FLATS
2" NPT
8 3/8"
6 1/2"
HART®
COMM
GND
(-)
US-2X Series
(+)
Explosion
Proof
1 7/8"
Figure 2-3
Wiring (14 - 22 AWG)
041102AssyA
11-11-04-TDH-1
13
USonic™ US-XX Series
2.4 Installation Examples
10 ft
(3.1m)
10 ft
(3.1m)
5o
10.5 in
(27cm)
10.5 in
(27cm)
30 ft
(914 cm)
1 ft
31.5 inches
(80 cm)
When there are no obstructions within
the beam area, there is no chance of
false echoes or readings.
30 ft
(914cm)
31.5 in
(80 cm)
Smooth wall in beam with no other
obstructions will not cause false echoes.
Los
t
greater than 45˚
less
than
Protrusion from the wall at an angle
greater than 45 degrees may
cause false echoes.
Protrusions from the wall at an angle
less than 45 degrees does not cause
false echoes.
14
Installation
2.4 Installation Examples (Continued)
Preferred
Location
Preferred
Location
When mounted off center in conical
bottom tanks, reflected echoes can be
redirected back to the transducer. Use
300ms, 700ms, 1100ms, or 1500 ms
pulse repeat rate to allow these echoes
to subside before transmitting the next
pulse and/or move the transducer to
another location.
When mounted off center in conical
bottom tanks, reflected echoes can
reflect away from the transducer in the
conical bottom resulting in a lost echo.
Move the transducer to the center of the
bin for best results.
Preferred
Location
When mounted in the center of domed-roof tanks,
reflected echoes can be redirected back to the
transducer. Use 300ms, 700ms, 1100ms, or 1500 ms
pulse repeat rate to allow these echoes to subside
before transmitting the next pulse and/or move the
transducer to another location.
15
USonic™ US-XX Series
2.4 Installation Examples (Continued)
Use standard
electronics
with high
discrimination
setting.
Beam
Angle
greater
than
six
inches
Agitators within the beam path
Mounted close to a wall or
obstructions are present.
Ability to ignore obstructions
will depend on the exact size
and location of the obstructions.
20 feet
maximum
range in
2"-3" pipe.
30 feet
maximum
range in
4" pipe.
Still Well Installation
If multiple pipe sections are
used, a smooth transition
between sections is required.
2" diameter or
larger nozzle
12-inch
maximum
gap greater
than 0.125"
Recommended mounting when
recessed in a nozzle.
Acceptable
Unacceptable
Pipe joints
16
Configuration
Section 3: Configuration
3.1 System Configuration with Display / Keypad
The USonic system configuration is made up of 9 separate Functions
(Fct.) for system and application set-up per the following:
Input Type:
Function 1.0 allows the user to select an appropriate "Input Type" for
the application. The valid Input Types are:
•
(Fct 2.00)
•
(Fct 3.00)
•
(Fct 4.00)
•
(Fct 5.00)
Only one "Input Type" may be selected for the aplication. Once selected,
only the Functions of the selected Input Type will be available.
Strapping Table:
Function 6.00 allows the user to edit the 21-Point user defined table
that can provide output signal as a percent of volume or flow.
System Settings:
Function 7.00 allows setting changes to the system configuration.
Display Settings:
Function 8.00 allows the system to display readings in different
formats. Any or all may be selected and the display will “cycle” through
any or all selected, every 10 seconds.
Calibration:
Function 9.00 allows a 1-Point calibration based on a known distance
from the transducer face. This can adjust for any possible variations
that may exist in the speed of sound, or to provide an optimized
calibration data point in difficult applications, such as vapor.
17
USonic™ US-XX Series
3.2 Configuration Menu
To enter the Configuration Menu:
• Press and Hold the "Enter" Button for approximately 5 seconds.
• Use the "Up" and "Down" Buttons to scroll through the available menu
selections.
• Press "Enter" to access sub-menu items.
• Use the "Up" and "Down" Buttons to adjust settings.
Settings that can be adjusted will be "flashing".
• Press "Enter" to accept the adjustment...Or...
• Press and Hold the "Enter" Button for approximately 5 seconds to exit
to the previous menu level.
3.3 Menu Functions (See Section 3.5 for display abbreviations)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 1.00
Input Type
(TYPE)
Allows the user to navigate the menu based on the
appropriate menu item selected (Level, Distance,
Volume, Flow). Measurement items not selected
cannot be accessed in the menu to reduce needed
keystrokes and reduce information errors.
Fct. 1.01
Level Type
(TYPE)
Edit the menu to select Level, Distance, Volume, or
Flow. Press ENTER and the default setting will flash,
use arrow buttons to cycle through available selections,
press Enter again to make selection. Press and Hold
Enter key to back out to previous menu item.
Fct. 2.00
Level Menu
(LEVEL)
Allows system configuration for level. Only
enabled when Level is selected in Fct. 1.01
Fct. 2.01
Level Units
(UNITS)
User selects the units of measurement by "editing" the FEET
menu to select either Feet, Inches, Meters, Centimeters, INCHES
of Millimeters
METERS
CENTIMETERS
MILLIMETERS
Fct. 2.02
Tank Height
(T_HGT)
Required for accurate Level measurement (Level = Enter tank height as measured from
Distance - Tank Height). Edit the menu to reflect the tank bottom to sensor face
correct distance from tank bottom to sensor face
Fct. 2.03
Sensor Offset
(OFFSET)
Typically not used in Level Mode, but can be used
if sensor is located above (positive offset) or below
(negative offset) the value that was entered for Tank
Height. Edit the menu from the default display (Inches
000000.00) to correct offset value. Use up arrow button
to increase numbers in a positive offset, use down arrow
button to increase numbers in a negative offset.
Fct. 2.04
LRV
The point in the vessel that the output signal equals 4 Enter the level unit point where
mA (0%). Edit the menu to enter the distance from the 4 mA will occur, referenced from
tank bottom (reference point) to the 4 mA (0%) point tank bottom.
Fct. 2.05
URV
The point in the vessel that the output signal equals 20 Enter the level unit point where
mA (100%). Edit the menu to enter the distance from 20 mA will occur, referenced from
the tank bottom (reference point) to the 20 mA (100%) tank bottom.
point. This value must not be within the 12 inch Near
Zone of the sensor face or an Error Message (NZSEUP)
will be displayed.
Fct. 3.00
Distance
(DISTNCE)
Allows the system configuration for distance.
Only enabled when Distance is selected in Fct.
1.01
18
Menu Selection Choices
LEVEL
DISTANCE
VOLUME
FLOW
Enter the distance from the
maximum tank level (reference
point, if different from Tank Height)
to sensor face.
Configuration
3.3 Menu Functions (Continued)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 3.01
Distance Units
(UNITS)
User selects the units of measurement by "editing" the FEET
menu to select either Feet, Inches, Meters, Centimeters, INCHES
of Millimeters
METERS
CENTIMETERS
MILLIMETERS
Fct. 3.02
LRV
The point in the vessel that the output signal equals 4 Enter the level unit point where
mA (0%). Edit the menu to enter the distance from the 4 mA will occur, referenced from
sensor face (reference point) to the 4 mA (0%) point. sensor face.
This value must not be within the 12 inch Near Zone
of the sensor face or an Error Message (NZSEUP) will
be displayed.
Fct. 3.03
URV
The point in the vessel that the output signal equals Enter the level unit point where
20 mA (100%). Edit the menu to enter the distance 20 mA will occur, referenced from
from the sensor face reference point) to the 20 mA sensor face.
(100%) point.
Fct. 4.00
Volume
(VOLUME)
Allows the system configuration for volume. Only
enabled when Volume is selected in Fct. 1.01
Fct. 4.01
Level Units
(L UNITS)
User selects the level units of measurement for input FEET
conversion by "editing" the menu to select either Feet, INCHES
Inches, Meters, Centimeters, of Millimeters.
METERS
CENTIMETERS
MILLIMETERS
Fct. 4.02
Tank Height
(T_HGT)
Required for accurate maximum Level to maximum Enter tank height as measured
Volume Conversion. Edit the menu to reflect the correct from tank bottom to sensor face
distance from tank bottom to sensor face.
or maximum capacity reference
point.
Fct. 4.03
Sensor Offset
(OFFSET)
Used if sensor is located above (positive offset) or below
(negative offset) the value that was entered for Tank
Height. Edit the menu from the default display (Inches
000000.00) to correct offset value. Use up arrow button
to increase numbers in a positive offset, use down arrow
button to increase numbers in a negative offset.
Enter the distance from the
maximum tank volume reference
point, (if different from Tank
Height) to sensor face.
Fct. 4.04
Vessel Type
(VES_TYP)
Edit the menu to select the vessel shape that is being
used. A strapping table will be generated based on
Vessel shape (Vertical Cylinder, Horizontal Cylinder
with Flat Ends, Horizontal cylinder with Dished Ends,
Horizontal cylinder with Hemispherical Ends, or a
Sphere. A Custom (User Defined) selection can also be
made that will require the use of the 21-point strapping
table to correlate level to known volumes. Information
entered in Tank Height, Maximum Capacity and Sensor
Offset is used to generate the correct table.
VERT
HC_F
HC_D
HC_H
SPHERE
CUSTOM
Fct. 4.05
Load Standard
Table into
Strapping Table
(LOADSTD)
Allows the user to enter a standard strapping table for
volume conversion. Edit the menu to select the tank
shape that best fits the application. This information
can be later modified in Fct. 6.00 Strapping Table to
generate a more accurate level to volume conversion
table for custom or irregular tank shapes.
VERT
HC_F
HC_D
HC_H
SPHERE
Fct. 4.06
Vessel Units
(V UNITS)
Allows the user to enter the volume units that will be
used for display purposes. Edit the menu to make this
selection. Press ENTER and the default setting will
flash, use arrow buttons to cycle through available
selections, press Enter again to make selection.
GALLONS
M3 (cubic meters)
LITERS
BBL (barrels)
IMPGAL (imperial gallons)
19
Menu Selection Choices
USonic™ US-XX Series
3.3 Menu Functions (Continued)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 4.07
Maximum
Capacity
(MAX CAP)
Allows user to enter the volume of the vessels maximum Enter maximum capacity in vessel
capacity that correlates to the Tank Height level.
units selected.
Fct. 4.08
LRV
The point in the vessel that the volume equals 4 mA Enter the volume unit point where
(0%). Edit the menu to enter the distance from the 4 mA will occur, referenced from
tank bottom to the 4 mA (0%) point.
tank bottom.
Fct. 4.09
URV
The point in the vessel that the volume equals 20 mA Enter the volume unit point where
(100%). Edit the menu to enter the distance from the 20 mA will occur, referenced from
tank bottom to the 20 mA (100%) point. This value must tank bottom.
not be within the 12-inch Near Zone of the sensor face
or an Error Message (NZSEUP) will be displayed.
Fct. 5.00
Flow
(FLOW)
Allows the system configuration for open channel
flow measurements. Only enabled when Flow is
selected in Fct. 1.01
Fct. 5.01
Flume Type
(FLO_TYP)
Allows user selection of software supported flume
/ weir types. Select from Parshall, Palmer-Bowlus,
Trapezoidal Flume, Rectangular Weir With end
contractions, Rectangular Weir With Out end
contractions, Cipolletti (Trapezoidal) Weir, V-Notch
Weir, "H" Flume, Leopold-Lagco, or CUSTOM (user
defined, enter level to flow relationship in the 21-point
strapping table).
Fct. 5.02
Flume Size
(F SIZE)
Allows user selection of flume “throat size” of flume Consult Manual for specific code
type selected in Fct. 5.01, select the size code from the based on flume weir type and
available listings in Section 1.7
size.
Fct. 5.03
Flow Units
(F UNITS)
Select if displayed units will be in GPM, MGD or M3/Hr. GPM / MGD / M3/HR / LPS / LPM
LPS (Liters Per Second), LPM
Fct. 5.04
Max Flow
(MAX FLO)
Edit this menu to reflect the maximum flow rate Enter the maximum flow value in
expressed in the flow units selected in Fct. 5.03
selected Flow Units
Fct. 5.05
Head Units
(H UNITS)
Allows user to edit the menu to select head (level)
measurement units. This information is used for display
indication and also if custom flume or weir information
is generated in the 21-point strapping table.
Fct. 5.06
Distance to Zero
Flow
(0 DST)
Allows the user to edit the menu to provide the distance Enter the distance from sensor face
from the sensor face to the "zero flow" point in the to the zero flow level
primary element (flume or weir). Check primary flow
element drawings, not all primary elements have a
zero flow reference point at the bottom.
Fct. 5.07
Sensor Offset
(OFFSET)
If the flume/weir is selected from the preprogrammed
menu selections, no user input is required, offset equals
zero. If using custom characterization in strapping
tables, enter the distance from maximum flow (20 mA)
point to the sensor face.
Fct. 5.08
Totalizer Scale
(T SCALE)
Allows the user to edit the menu selection to select X1
the totalizer scale. Every count on the totalizer will X10
be multiplied by the selection made.
X100
X1K
X10K
X100K
X1Mil
Fct. 5.09
Totalizer Reset?
(RESET?)
There are two totalizers contained in the USonic. The NO / YES
user can reset one of the totalizer. This menu item allows
the user to reset the resettable totalizer by editing the
menu to "Yes". At this point the Reset Totalizer will
reset to zero and start counting once returned to the
operate mode.
20
Menu Selection Choices
PARSH
PB
TRAP F
RECT W
RECT WO
TRAP W
V NOCH
CUSTOM
H FLUME
LEO LAG
FEET
INCHES
METERS
CENTIMETERS
MILLIMETERS
Enter distance from Max Flow (Fct.
5.04) to sensor face.
Not used if flume type and size are
from menu selection.
Configuration
3.3 Menu Functions (Continued)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 6.00
Strapping
Table
(STRAP)
Allows the system configuration for the strapping
table. Enabled when Flow or Volume is selected
in Fct. 1.01. The strapping table is a look-up table
of level vs. volume (or flow rate) that is entered
by the user based on known parameters.
Fct. 6.01
Maximum Points
(MAX PNT)
The strapping table is capable of 21 points, from 0% 2…21
to 100% in 5% increments. Depending on how many
"break points" that may be needed for vessel, flume or
weir, enter the number of break points for this selection
by editing this menu item.
Fct. 6.02
In Point 1
(INPT 1)
Edit this menu item to enter the "level" information Enter input 1, the units of measure
for the first point
will be dependant on Input Type
and Units selected
Fct. 6.03
Out Point 1
(OUTPT 1)
Edit this menu item to enter the "volume/flow rate" Enter output 1, the units of measure
information for the first point
will be dependant on Volume Type
and Units selected
6.04 - 6.43
In/Out Points
2-21
Enter Level "IN" points and Volume / Flow rate "Out" Enter Input / Output for the
Points for each of the break points entered in Fct. number of break points entered for
6.01
Maximum Points in Fct. 6.01
Fct. 7.00
System Settings Allows the system configuration for various
(SYSTEM)
parameters of the system setting.
Fct. 7.01
Temperature
Units
(TMP UNT)
Allows the user to select if temperature will be displayed °F
in degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius
°C
Fct. 7.02
Gain Adjustment
(GAIN)
Should only be changed with guidance from a
Drexelbrook representative. This item allows the user to
change from the default HD setting (SmartGain™) to a
fixed power level. Useful if foam is present that causes
a Lost of Echo fault. Consult Factory before use.
HD_HIGH - Use in foamy or vaporous conditions
Menu Selection Choices
HD
HD HIGH
100%
84%
67%
50%
32%
17%
8%
Consult Factory before use.
Fct. 7.03
HD Adjustment
(HD GAIN)
Should only be changed with guidance from a User numerical entry between 0
Drexelbrook representative. This item allows the user - 100
to change from the default HD setting (SmartGain™) Consult Factory before use.
to a lower variable power level, but still allowing the
system to ignore some obstructions within the beam
path. Consult Factory before use.
Fct. 7.04
Repetition Rate
(PR RATE)
In some cases it may be desirable to change the 300 MS / 700 MS / 1100ms /
transmission repetition rate. Normal default is 300 ms. 1500ms
Longer Repetition rates may be useful in some instances Consult Factory before use.
of intermittent presence of foam, or agitator blades in
the beam path. Consult Factory before use.
Fct. 7.05
Acquisition
(ECHOES)
Defines the number of echoes that must be received 1 – 4 – 10 maximum
to determine a valid level acquisition. Default setting Consult Factory before use.
is 4 return echoes. If the level surface is rough and
uneven, this setting may be set to a lower number to
validate a level acquisition. If there are disturbances
in the vessel that cause intermittent false target
acquisitions, this number may be increased. Consult
Factory before use.
Fct. 7.06
Time Delay
(DAMPING)
Time delay will act as signal averaging over the specified User numerical entry 0 – 90
time 0-90 seconds. If a turbulent surface causes the
analog signal to be unsteady, a few seconds of time
delay can smooth out the signal.
Fct. 7.07
Near Zone Fault
(NZ OUT)
If the level moves into the Near Zone (12 inches from HIGH (22 mA)
sensor face) the user can, in this menu item select the LOW (3.7 mA)
current level the analog signal will assume (3.7 mA
or 22 mA) during a fault condition.
21
USonic™ US-XX Series
3.3 Menu Functions (Continued)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 7.08
Lost Echo Fault
(LE OUT)
If the echo is not returned to the sensor, the user can, HIGH (22 mA)
in this menu item select the current level the analog LOW (3.7 mA)
signal will assume (3.7 mA or 22 mA) during a fault LST VAL
condition.
Menu Selection Choices
Last Known Value (LST_VAL) - Will hold the output
current and reading to the last received value before
the lost echo condition. USE WITH EXTREME
CAUTION!
Fct. 7.09
Force Current
(LOCK mA)
This menu item allows the user to edit a mA current User defined numeric value
level that the system will constantly generate only while
in this menu item. To return to a normal operating
mode (normal mA outputs), exit the menu or Enter
0.00 mA to return to normal.
Fct. 7.10
Trim 4 mA
(TRIM 4)
This menu item allows the user to edit the 4.0 mA User defined numeric value between
output current to match a known meter. The valid 3.5 – 4.5 mA
range is from 3.5 to 4.5 mA. This allows the system
to change it's 4.0 mA reference current level to match
a standard.
Fct. 7.11
Trim 20 mA
(TRIM 20)
This menu item allows the user to edit the 20.0 mA User defined numeric value between
output current to match a known meter. The valid 19 – 21 mA
range is from 19 to 21 mA. This allows the system to
change its 20.0 mA reference current level to match
a standard.
Fct. 7.12
HART Mode
(HART MD)
If operating in the digital HART mode this menu item NORMAL - (output % X 1)
allows the user to match the input requirements of a DCS - (output % X 100)
DCS/PLC by either assigning a X1 multiplier or an X100
multiplier that is need by some DCS/PLC's. Check with
you DCS/PLC to see if this is necessary.
Fct. 7.13
Polling Address
(POLL)
If operating in the digital HART mode this menu Select polling address between 1
item allows the user to assign a polling address to – 15 (address “0” used for all analog
the transmitter valid entries are 1-15. A "0" polling outputs)
address indicates analog output operation - and is
the default.
Fct. 7.14
Restore Factory
Defaults?
(RST FAC)
Selecting Yes will reset all configured parameters to YES / NO
the Factory Default positions, just like it came out of
the box. This is useful if too many technicians have
made configuration changes to the point where no one
knows how or if this system is correctly configured.
Start from the beginning again.
Fct. 7.15
Change Password Allows a user generated a 7-character password to Select UP, DOWN, ENTER for each
(CHG PAS)
allow access to the configuration menu. To edit this digit of a seven digit password.
item you will see a blinking cursor followed by 6 o's (
_oooooo). To edit use the up & down arrow buttons to
select Up, Down or Enter - press the Enter button to
select and the blinking cursor will move to the next
position ( o_ooooo). Repeat until all 7 positions have been
entered. Record this password. Upon re-entering the
configuration menu, this password will be required.
Fct. 7.16
Password
Enabled?
(PASS EN)
Edit this menu item to activate the password. Selecting YES / NO
Yes will make the password Required the next time
the Menu is entered.
Fct. 7.17
Contrast
(CONTRAST)
This item allows the user to change the display contrast 0 - 50
depending on ambient lighting conditions. Default is
10, available range is 0-50.
Fct. 7.18
Low Offset
(LO OFST)
Ping energy level setting for Low Gain Amplifier. User numerical entry (-1, 0 +1)
Consult Factory Before Use
Consult Factory Before Use
Fct. 7.19
High Offset
(HI OFSET)
Ping energy level setting for High Gain Amplifier. User numerical entry (-1, 0 +1)
Consult Factory Before Use
Consult Factory Before Use
22
Configuration
3.3 Menu Functions (Continued)
Function
Item
Description & comment
Fct. 7.20
Pipe Length
(PIPE_L)
This item allows the user to enter the length of the 0 (Edit length in level Units), - for
pipe in which the USonic is installed.
open air (no pipe) use 0
Menu Selection Choices
Fct. 7.21
Pipe Diameter
(PIPE_D)
This item allows the user to enter the diameter of the 2", 3", 4", 6", 8", 10", 12" (Pipe
pipe in which the USonic is installed.
diameters greater than 12" are
treated as open-air installations)
Fct. 8.00
Display Toggle
(DISPLAY)
Allows the system configuration for the desired
display options. Use this menu to select which
displays will be available to view during
operation.
Fct. 8.01
Toggle?
(TOGGLE)
This menu item allows the user to select if the display YES / NO
will automatically cycle through the display choices or
manually cycle through the display options selected. If YES, unit will scroll every 10
Manually cycle the display options selected by pressing seconds
any arrow key during operation.
If NO, unit can be manually
advanced through all enabled
selections using up/down arrow
keys
Fct. 8.02
Display Level?
(LEVEL)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) Level as a ENABLE / DISABLE
desired display.
Fct. 8.03
Display Distance? This item allows you to select (or deselect) Distance ENABLE / DISABLE
(DISTNCE)
as a desired display.
Fct. 8.04
Display Volume?
(VOLUME)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) Volume as ENABLE / DISABLE
a desired display.
Fct. 8.05
Display Flow?
(FLOW)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) Flow rate ENABLE / DISABLE
as a desired display.
Fct. 8.06
Display
Totalizer?
(TOTAL)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) the non- ENABLE / DISABLE
resettable Totalizer as a desired display.
Fct. 8.07
Display Reset
Totalizer?
(R TOTAL)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) the user ENABLE / DISABLE
resettable Totalizer as a desired display.
Fct. 8.08
Display Current
Output?
(OUTPUT)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) milliamp ENABLE / DISABLE
output current as a desired display.
Fct. 8.09
Display
Temperature?
(TEMP)
This item allows you to select (or deselect) the ENABLE / DISABLE
internal sensor temperature compensator as a desired
display.
* Note Range Percent is always present for display and can not be enabled or disabled.
Fct. 9.00
Calibration
(CAL)
This menu item allows the user to calibrate the
system if ultrasonic velocities other than through
air are present.
Fct. 9.01
Point
(PT CAL)
A point calibration allows the system to reset the
expected ultrasonic velocity to a new value. Consult
factory before use. If vapors are present or a gas blanket
is used, the ultrasonic velocity will be different than
would be expected in a through-air application. This
menu item is used to alter this calculated velocity. Edit
this menu item with the actual distance to the known
level and the system will back calculate the velocity
that produces this level measurement.
23
User defined numeric value of
actual distance from liquid level
to sensor face.
Allows adjustment up to +/- 25%
USonic™ US-XX Series
3.4 Error Messages
. . . . . . . . . . . . Lost Echo
. . . . . . . . . . . . Near Zone
. . Communications Error
Between Display and Transmitter
. . . . . . . . . . . EEPROM Error
. . . . . . . . . . . Setup Error Parameter
Setup beyond Range of Transmitter
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Temperature Sensor Error
. . . . . . . . . . . Parameter Setup in Near Zone
. . . . . . . . . . . Under Range
. . . . . . . . . . . . Over Range
. . . . . . . . . . . . Span too Small
3.5 Menu / Display Abbreviations
Definition
Display
Distance to Zero Flow
Definition
HART Normal
Sensor Offset
Optimized Calibration
Parshall
Centimeters
Password
User Defined
Palmer Bowlus
Input time delay
Point Calibration
HART DCS
Rectangular with end
contractions
Display
Distance
Rectangular without
end contractions
Flume Type
Flow
Reset? Yes or No
Feet
Range
Gain Adjust
Gallons per Minute
Repetition Rate
Horizontal Cylinder –
Dished ends
Sphere
Reset Totalizer
Strapping Table
Horizontal Cylinder –
Flat ends
Confirm
Horizontal Cylinder –
Hemispherical ends
Temperature Display
H Flume
Totalizer
Tank Height
Inches
Trapezoidal Flume
Leopold Lagco
Trapezoidal Weir
Level
Input Selection
Level
Unit Selection
Logic Function
URV
Lost Echo
Vertical
Litres per Minute
V Notch
Litres per Second
Volume
LRV
X1
Cubic Meters per hour
X10
Maximum Capacity
X100
Meters
X1000
Million Gallons Per Day
X10000
Millimeters
X100000
Near Zone
X1,000,000
24
Troubleshooting
Section 4: Troubleshooting
The USonic™ Series Ultrasonic Level system is designed to give years of
unattended service. No periodic or scheduled maintenance is required.
4.1 Troubleshooting Procedures
If a problem should occur with the operation of the transmitter, use the
following procedure for troubleshooting.
1. Ensure wiring connections are correct.
2. If the liquid surface has severe turbulence in the area where the
ultrasonic beam hits, consider increasing damping time.
3. Splashing of material or condensation on the transducer face could
cause unreliable measurements.
4. Any continuous ultrasonic transmitter signal / echo can be adversely
affected by significant foam on the liquid level surface. If this condition
exists, please consult the factory for further application review and
advice.
5. Ensure that the transducer face is not recessed into a mounting nozzle,
unless a high discrimination setting is used. Spurious reflections from
the nozzle can cause faulty operation.
See Function 7.20 & 7.21
6. To indicate a fault condition, the 4-20 mA signal locks to 22 mA
(or 3.7 mA) . If output is locked at 22 mA (or 3.7 mA), check that:
A) The level of the material has not violated the near zone
(12 inches, 30 cm) from the transducer face.
B) The low calibration setting is not more that 360 inches
(30 ft., 610 cm) from the transducer face.
7. Test for 4 mA and 20 mA.
A) Using PC Software, HART Communicator, or Display Keypad
(Access Fct.7.09) to force the output signal to a constant 4 mA or
20 mA.
8. If attempts to locate the difficulty fail, notify the local factory
representative, or call Drexelbrook directly.
To aid in troubleshooting, please complete the information in
Section 4.5 before calling the factory service department.
25
USonic™ US-XX Series
4.2 Optimized Field Calibration
Configuration Menu Function 9.01 allows a 1-Point calibration based on
a known actual distance. This can adjust for any possible variations that
may exist in the speed of sound, or to provide an optimized calibration
data point in difficult applications.
• Using PC Software, HART Communicator, or Display Keypad (Access
Fct. 9.01) and enter the correct actual distance from the transducer
face to level. The USonic will use this data point as reference on all
future readings, unless "Restore Factory Settings" is selected.
4.3 Troubleshooting the Loop Connections.
Specific transmitter loop connections vary with each installation, but
in general are connected in a similar manner to the typical transmitter
loop in Figure 4-1.
When troubleshooting the loop connection, verify the following items.
· Loop devices are wired in series.
· There is at least 250 ohms total loop resistance.
· There is at least 19 Vdc available for the transmitter when a loop
current of 4 mA is flowing.
· Refer to Figure 4-1
Notes:
1. Modem will operate from 32º F to
122º F (0º C to 50º C). It can be
stored from -40º F to +185º F (-40º C
to +85º C). 0% to 95% relative
humidity - non condensing.
2. Servic Department 1-800-527-6297
or 1-215-674-1234
Figure 4-1
Typical Transmitter Loop
26
USB
Troubleshooting
4.3 Troubleshooting the Loop Connections (Continued)
Start
Is loop
current
between 3.7 and
22 mA?
Modem does
not
communicate
with
transmitter.
No
Check:
1. If current is greater than 22 mA disconnect at sensing
element and re-check.
2. If loop current is 0 mA, check polarity of loop at
transmitter. If it is OK, check for open loop.
3. If loop current is between 0 and 3 mA transmitter is
likely bad.
4. Check voltage at transmitter it should be at least 12
volts when 20 mA is flowing in the loop
Yes
Is there a
minmum of 250
ohms loop
resistance?
No
Yes
Are you connected
to a DCS?
No
1. Check Power Supply and loop source
resistance (the 250 ohms may be built in as
with the Drexelbrook 401-500 series or most
DCS inputs).
2. If not there add enough resistance for loop to
be at least 250 ohms.
Are you using
the Drexelbrook
supplied modem?
No
Yes
Yes
No
Is It Polling?
Yes
Make it stop polling or power
transmitter from a separate
source - then re-check
operation.
Check:
1. Is modem non-isolated
from ground and/or is your
laptop plugged into AC
power.? If so you may have
ground problem. Contact
Service department.
2. Some laptops don't provide
enough voltage to drive
modem correctly from
COM Port. Check with
modem supplier or try a
different laptop.
3. Checkout "Yes" response
tests listed below.
Check:
1. Is correct COM Port selected at startup?
2. Is there any software running that would re-direct COM Port such as
Windows, mouse drivers, terminal emulation software, or TSR's.
3. Possible bad RS-232 cable or defective modem.
4. Check modem connections to loop
1. Check calibrator connections to loop per loop drawing.
2. Check for "noise" and ripple on loop with oscilloscope. Maximum noise level per HART
Foundation is 1.2 mV rms (500 - 10 kHz). Maximum ripple (47 - 125 Hz) specification is .2V p-p. Line
noise can sometimes be traced to things like motor speed controller wiring in close proximity with
transmitter. Noise can sometimes be overcome by increasing loop resistance thereby increasing
calibrator signal. Noise effects can also be reduced by connecting calibrator directly at
transmitter. Generally noise is only a problem when calibrator is communicating with transmitter
and does not affect normal operation of transmitter.
3. Check voltage at transmitter. It should be at least 12 volts when 20 mA is flowing in the loop.
4.4 Diagnostic Messages
Message
Cause
Lost Echo
Near Zone
Violation
Solution
1) Ensure the level is within the measurement
range of the transducer.
2) Look for any obstructions that may be
interfering with the return echo.
The level has entered the transducers Near
Zone. Insure that there is no level or obstructions
within 12 inches of the transducer face.
27
USonic™ US-XX Series
4.5 Telephone Assistance
If you have questions about your AMETEK Drexelbrook equipment:
• Contact your local Drexelbrook representative
• Call the Drexelbrook Service department toll-free at:
1-800-527-6297 (US and Canada) or
215-674-1234 (Outside North America)
• Fax the following information to the Service department at:
215-443-5117.
To expedite assistance, please provide the following information:
Instrument Model Number:________________________________________
Original Purchase order number:___________________________________
Material being measured:__________________________________________
Temperature:_____________________________________________________
Pressure:_________________________________________________________
Agitation:________________________________________________________
Brief description of the problem:____________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
Checkout procedures that have failed:______________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
4.6 Equipment Return / Warranty
In order to provide the best service, any equipment being returned for
repair or credit must be pre-approved and have a return number issued
by the factory.
In many applications, the equipment is exposed to hazardous
materials.
• OSHA mandates that our employees be informed and protected from
hazardous materials.
• Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) listing the hazardous material
that the system has been exposed to must accompany any return.
• It is your responsibility to fully disclose all chemicals and decontaminate
the returned items.
28
Troubleshooting
4.6 Equipment Return (Continued)
To obtain a return authorization number (RA#), contact the Service
department at:
1-800-527-6297 (US and Canada) or
215-674-1234 (Outside North America).
Please provide the following information:
Model Number of Returned Equipment:_____________________________
Serial Number:___________________________________________________
Original Purchase Order Number:__________________________________
Process Material that the equipment has been exposed:______________
MSDS for any hazardous materials
Billing Address:___________________________________________________
Shipping Address:_________________________________________________
Purchase Order Number for Repairs:_______________________________
Please include a purchase order number even if the repair is under
warranty. If repair is covered under warranty, you will not be charged.
Ship equipment freight prepaid to:
AMETEK Drexelbrook
205 Keith Valley Road
Horsham, PA 19044
COD shipments will not be accepted.
AMETEK Drexelbrook warrants its products free of material defects or
manufacturing defects for a period of 1 year after date of shipment.
4.7 Field Service
Trained field service personnel are available on a time-plus-expense
basis to assist in start-ups, diagnosing difficult application or equipment
problems, or in-plant training of personnel. Preventive Maintenance
and Calibration Certification service contracts are also available to
maintain plant efficiency. Contact the Service department for further
information.
29
Section 5:
Configuration and Calibration
Section 5: Configuration and Calibration With HARTWin™
This section instructs the user how to use the Drexelbrook 401-700-20/40
Series PC calibrator software to configure and calibrate the USonic™
Transmitter.
5.1 General Description
The 401-700-20/40 software package allows the use of any Windows®
9X/NT/2000/XP-based personal, laptop, or notebook computer to calibrate
the HART Protocol transmitter.
The USonic™ transmitter is compatible with HARTWin™ 2.4 or
greater.
5.2 Model Number
4 0 1 - 0 7 0 0 - 0 2 X/4 X
2X= 1 PC Software Package includes:
RS232 Modem Assembly 401-0700-004 (Figure 5-1).
2X=2 PC Software Package includes:
Contents in 401-0700-021, HARTWin™ version 2.1 or greater on a
CD‑ROM.
4X=1 PC Software Package includes:
USB Modem Assembly 401-0700-007 (Figure 5-1a).
4X=2 PC Software Package includes:
Contents in 401-0700-41, Utilities and Drivers on a CD-ROM, and
HARTWin™ version 2.3 or greater on a CD-ROM.
4 0 1 - 0 7 0 0 - 0 3 1
HARTWin™ version 2.X on a CD-ROM.
5.3 System Requirements
PC Requirements
Windows® 95, 98, ME, 2000, XP.
The USB modem is not compatible with Windows® 95, 98 First Edition,
or NT. It is recommended that the software be installed on a hard drive
with 20 megabytes or more of space available.
Input to Modem
RS232 or USB Port, from one of the COM serial ports (COM1, COM2,
etc..). The PC provides operating power for the modem but not for the
transmitter.
Output (to Transmitter being Calibrated)
4-20 mA in HART® Protocol.
31
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.4 Installing The RS232 Modem
Refer to Figure 5-1 for a connection diagram and use the following
procedure to install the hardware that is necessary to run the PC
software.
1. Connect the RS232 Drexelbrook Modem 401‑700‑004 to one of the
COM serial ports (COM1, COM2, etc.) of the computer.
2. Connect the Modem's 4-20 loop connectors to the transmitter loop.
3. Turn on the computer.
HART COMPATIBLE
401-0700-004
Figure 5-1
RS232 Modem Assembly & Loop Connection
32
Configuration and Calibration
5.5 Installing The USB Modem
Refer to Figure 5-1a for a connection diagram and use the following
procedure to install the hardware that is necessary to run the PC
software.
1. Turn on the computer
2. Install Modem Software:
It is highly recommended the USB drivers be installed BEFORE
you plug in the modem.
Install the USB Drivers by inserting the Modem Installation Disk
into CD Drive of the computer.
If program does not "Auto-Run", select "D:\setup" (where D is the
letter representing the CD Drive)
Be Sure to Select the USB interface in the setup prompt.
Follow any "On-Screen" Instructions.
3.
Connect the Drexelbrook Modem 401-700-007 to a
USB port on the computer. With the USB drivers
already installed, the computer will detect the modem
and assign a COM PORT number.
4. Connect the Modem's 4-20 loop connectors to the transmitter loop.
Notes:
HART COMPATIBLE
1. Modem will operate from 32º F to
122º F (0º C to 50º C). It can be
stored from -40º F to +185º F (-40º C
to +85º C). 0% to 95% relative
humidity - non condensing.
USB
401-0700-007
2. Servic Department 1-800-527-6297
or 1-215-674-1234
Figure 5-1a
USB Modem Assembly & Loop Connection
33
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.6 Install the Windows Version HARTWin™ Software on Hard Drive
Installation is simple.
1. Place the 401-700-031 CD into the CD drive (usually drive D:).
2. If program does not "Auto-Run", select "D:\setup" (where D is the
letter representing the CD Drive).
3. Follow "On-Screen" instructions in Setup to create program file.
4. Once loaded, double click "HartWin" icon and the program should run
under its own window.
5. Select communication port [Com 1, Com 2, etc.] then click “OK.”
Figure 5-2
Selecting COM Ports
6. If you are not sure which communication port you are using (such
as when first using a USB modem), select “Search Ports,” then
OK. The software automatically will seek out the correct one.
In either case the software begins to communicate with the HART
protocol transmitter and returns with a view (below) containing
“name plate data,” Tag ID and all default or existing configuration
information. This is the same as if you clicked on the Read Transmitter
function button.
7. The next view appears automatically, displaying current transmitter
database for calibration set-up for your selected Tag ID. The Scratch
Pad will automatically show the last message (last user, last calibration,
etc.) up to 32 characters. If this is a new transmitter, the Tag ID is
user-defined. Serial number, transmitter software version, range, etc.
is automatically entered from the “name plate data” embedded in the
transmitter.
34
Configuration and Calibration
5.7 Description of Function Keys
Figure 5-3
HARTWin™ Function Keys
HARTWin™ automatically communicates all "Name Plate Data" from
the transmitter
The following paragraphs describe the function buttons. The data fields
are described in Section 3.7- Configuration.
Read Transmitter [F3 on keyboard]
Reads all pertinent data from the transmitter and displays it on the screen.
The Read function also updates the real time window. Keep in mind that it
takes several seconds to load the information from the transmitter. When
the load is complete, the screen shows the transmitter parameters. This
command is also used when connecting to another transmitter.
Write to Transmitter [F5 on keyboard]
Sends new or edited configuration data to the transmitter. Data fields that
have been edited but not sent to the transmitter are displayed in red.
Real Time View [F4 on keyboard]
Displays the real time values of Level, Volume, Distance, Temperature,
Loop Current, percentage, and Status.
Point Calibration [F6 on keyboard]
Calibrates the USonic™ transmitter using Point calibration.
D/A Trim
Allows a field reference meter to be connected to the transmitter for
adjusting transmitter output current.
Strapping Table
Displays the values of the Input to Level or Head, and Output to Volume
or Flow in percent in a 21-Point table. Allows points to be changed to
accommodate Irregularly Shaped Vessels and Custom Flumes.
Configure Meter
Configures the Display used for local indication.
USonic™ Configuration
Provides necessary configuration parameters for the Ultrasonic
measurement.
Repetition Rate - Near Zone Fault Current - Lost Echo Current - Gain
Mode - Variable Gain.
35
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8Configuration
Configuration involves uploading information to the transmitter that is
specific to the application being measured. Ex. Flow, Level, Distance, or
Volume.
Figure 5-4
Selecting Configuration
1. Begin configuration by using Tag ID (8 characters) or Long Tag
(32 characters) to identify the unit or vessel. Use the Scratchpad
(32 characters) to record the date of calibration or other similar notes.
Press Tab or Enter on your keyboard.
2.Select Level, Distance, Volume, or Flow in the Analog Loop
Assign selection box. Press Tab or Enter on your keyboard.
• Level Configuration sets the output to follow the level of the material
being measured.
• Distance Configuration sets the output to follow the distance from
the face of the transducer.
• Volume Configuration sets the output to follow the strapped volume
in the vessel. For example, gallons in a horizontal vessel.
• Flow Configuration sets the output to follow the flow of a flume or
weir. Ex. Gallons per Minute, using a parshall flume.
3.Edit Damping Time from 0-90 seconds, if desired.
4. Click on Write to Transmitter.
5. Move to Level Configuration section of menu.
36
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.1Level Configuration
Figure 5-5
Level Configuration Menu
1.Select Level Units. The default is Inches. Choose the units that
correspond to the level measurement.
2. Edit the Tank Height to agree with the actual tank height (not the
length of the sensing element).
3. Enter a Sensor Offset Value.
The software calculates the maximum tank volume based on the value
entered in the Tank Height field. With 0.0 entered as the Sensor
Offset value, the software assumes the transducer face is mounted
flush with the top of the tank (Tank Height ).
Sensor Offset is used to tell the software the amount above or below
the top of the tank that the transducer is located in order to calculate
the tank volume.
37
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.1Level Configuration (Continued)
Sensor Offset can be applied in cases where:
• The transducer protrudes below the top of the tank or,
• The transducer is mounted above the top of the tank or,
• A pipe extension is installed to raise the transducer face 12 inches
above the tank height to compensate for the 12-Inch Near Zone.
• See Figure 5-5
• If the transducer is mounted above the top of the vessel, a positive
value is entered in Sensor Offset .
• If the transducer is mounted below the top of the tank, a negative
value is entered in Sensor Offset.
4. Click on Write to Transmitter.
Transducer
2" dia. nozzle
6.5"
12" Sensor offset
Positive Sensor Offset
122"
Transducer
Sensor offset
-3
Negative Sensor Offset
Figure 5-5
Sensor Offset
38
122"
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.2Distance Configuration
Figure 5-6
Distance Configuration Menu
1.Select Distance Units.
The default is Inches.
Press Enter and Choose the units that correspond to the Distance
Measurement.
2. Choose Write to Transmitter.
39
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.3 Volume Configuration
Figure 5-7
Volume Configuration Menu
1.Select Volume Units .The default is gallons. Press Enter and choose
the units that correspond to the volume measurement.
Default selection is gallons .
Press Tab or Enter.
2. Edit the Maximum Capacity of the vessel. Enter 100 for percent if
the volume units are not known or needed.
Press Tab or Enter.
3.Select Vessel Type. Default selection is Vertical.
If a Custom Vessel Type is required, select User Defined.
See Section 5.8.9
4. Click on Write to Transmitter.
40
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.4Flow Configuration
Figure 5-8
Flow Configuration Menu
1.Select Head Units. The default selection is Inches.
2. Enter Distance to Zero (The value that defines the distance from the
Transducer Face to the bottom of the Flume / Weir at Zero Flow).
This value also corresponds to the 4 mA (0% of Range) point.
3. Enter the Sensor Offset Value. See Section 5.8.1
4. Select Flow Units. The default value is "Gallons Per Minute".
Press Enter and choose the units that correspond to the Flow
Measurement.
5. Edit the Max. Flow - The Maximum Flow corresponds to the 20 mA
(100% of Range) Point.
6. Select the Flume / Weir Type. The default selection is Parshall
Flume.
If none of the selections are appropriate for the application, Select
User Defined. A Custom Strapping Table will need to be created.
See Section 5.8.9
7. Edit or select the appropriate Flume / Weir Size.
A Selection Box or Edit Box will appear, depending on the Flume / Weir
selected. If an Edit Box appears, the selected Flume / Weir supports
any size. See Section 1.5
8. Click on Write to Transmitter.
41
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.4Flow Configuration (Continued)
Totalizer Configuration
(Available Only when Flow Measurement is Selected)
1. Select Totalizer Scale
Default value is x 100.
Select the scale of the total flow to be displayed.
2. Reset the Totalizer
This resets the second total flow.
Select Field Device - Reset Total Flow in the HARTWin Menu.
5.8.5Lower Range Value (LRV) and Upper Range Value (URV)
LRV and URV may be referenced from the following:
Level Configuration - Tank Bottom
Distance Configuration - Transducer Face
Volume Configuration - Tank Bottom
Flow Configuration - LRV = Zero Flow / URV = Max Flow
Figure 5-9
Entering LRV and URV Values
1. Enter a Lower Range Value.
LRV - The 4 mA point, or 0% of Range.
2. Enter an Upper Range Value.
URV - The 20 mA point, or 100% of Range.
3. Click on Write to Transmitter.
42
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.5LRV and URV (Continued)
Entering LRV and URV in the Level Mode
Example #1
Tank is 12 feet tall. Set Tank Height to 12 feet.
LRV (4 mA point) is 0 feet (bottom of tank).
URV (20 mA point) is 11 feet. (Bottom of tank to transducer face minus
12 inch near zone.)
Example #2
Tank is 31 feet tall (one foot farther than range of transmitter).
Set Tank Height to 31 feet.
LRV (4 mA point) is 1 foot. (Tank height of 31 feet minus maximum range
of 30 feet equals 1 foot.)
URV (20 mA point) is 30 feet (Bottom of tank to transducer face minus
12 inch near zone.)
Figure 5-10
LRV and URV Values
43
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.6Ultrasonic Configuration
Figure 5-11
Ultrasonic Configuration Menu
Repetition Rate
An application might require a longer repetition rate, depending on the
type of vessel and material being measured.
For instance:
• Increasing the repetition rate to 400 ms is required any time that the
tank roof is curved. A longer repetition rate ensures that transmitter
is not affected by reflected sound waves from the curved roof.
• A lengthened repetition rate also helps reduce loss of echo due to
foam.
Near Zone and Lost Echo Fault Outputs
Select the output current of a Near Zone and Lost Echo fault condition.
Low Current: 3.7 mA
High Current: 22 mA
Application Notes for Near Zone and Lost Echo Settings
•
Application requires Overfill Prevention (no spills)
Material cannot go over high point
Near Zone typically set 22 mA
Lost Echo typically set 22 mA
•
Application requires Low Level Prevention (pump will not run dry)
Material cannot go below low point
Near Zone typically set 22 mA
Lost Echo typically set 3.7 mA
44
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.6Ultrasonic Configuration (Continued)
Gain
Select the gain setting for the ultrasonic instrument.
HD (High Discrimination)
• High discrimination mode automatically reduces the effect of
nuisance echos created when mounting the transducer in a nozzle
or mounting the transducer inside a pipe up to 14 inches above
the tank opening.
• The high discrimination mode reduces any effect from agitator
blades and/or small obstructions. It also reduces system
interference caused by electrical noise.
• The high discrimination mode should not be used in applications
where foam is present.
Standard Gain
• Accesses step gain selection.
• The step gain settings can be used to decrease the ultrasonic return
signal and avoid noise interference.
• For example, the power produced to shoot the 30-Foot signal could
possibly cause nuisance reflections from irregular sidewalls, tank
obstructions, or agitator blades. By reducing the gain of the
transmitter using the step gain settings, the effect of nuisance
reflections can be eliminated.
1. Click on Write to Transmitter to save the configuration.
2. Click Cancel to exit USonic configuration.
3. USonic configuration is now complete.
45
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.7Point Calibration
Point calibration increases the accuracy of the measurement and
compensates for atmospheres other than air by using the actual distance
to the Transducer Face for calibration.
Figure 5-12
Point Calibration Menu
1. Measure the distance from the Transducer Face to the surface of the
material being measured. For best results, the material should be
lowered to the bottom of the vessel.
2. Click on Point Calibration
3. Enter the actual distance.
The Actual Distance entered cannot exceed +/-25% of the factory
setting.
Example: If the transmitter was indicating a distance of 60".
The minimum Actual Distance entered can be no less than 45".
The maximum Actual Distance entered can be no greater than 75".
4. Click on Send
46
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.8Configure Meter
The 7-Digit Display can be configured to display Status Messages and
any Calculated Value. (4-20 mA, % of Range, Distance, Temp., etc. )
The Configure Meter Function allows the user to select the values that
can be viewed on the display. Pressing the Up or Down Buttons on the
keypad will allow the user to scroll through all of the enabled values.
Percent of Range is always enabled.
Figure 5-13
Display Configuration
View Configuration
• Toggle Enabled - This Enables or Disables the Auto-Scrolling feature
of the display.
• If this function is Enabled, all of the Enabled Views will automatically
scroll every 10 seconds.
This would be useful if the user was unable to reach the keypad to
scroll manually.
47
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.8Configure Meter (Continued)
Password Configuration
Password Enabled
This Enables or Disables the Password Required to enter the Menu.
Password 1-7
This selects the keypad sequence values of the password to enter the
menu on the display.
Password 1 is the value for the first keypress.
Password 7 is the value for the last keypress.
Figure 5-13
Display Configuration
Example:
Figure 5-13 shows a keypress sequence of:
Up - Down - Enter - Enter - Enter - Enter - Enter.
This would be the sequence required to Enter the Menu on the display if
the password was enabled.
48
Configuration and Calibration
5.8.9 Strapping Table
The Strapping Table is a 2-21 Point, table used to create a Custom nonlinear output relationship to Level or Head Height.
Flow Applications
Several pre-defined Flume / Weir types are available See Section 5.8.4.
If none of the pre-defined Flume / Weir types are appropriate for the
application, a Custom Strapping Table will be necessary.
Volume Applications
Several pre-defined vessel types are available See Section 5.8.3. If
none of the pre-defined vessel types are appropriate for the application,
a Custom Strapping Table will be necessary.
Figure 5-14
Strapping Table for Volume
Load Standard Table (Volume Only)
If the application does not match one of the pre-defined vessel types, but
the application is similar, a pre-defined vessel type may be loaded into
the Strapping Table for custom editing.
To load a pre-defined Vessel Type into the Strapping Table:
Press the “Load Standard Table” button within the Strapping Table
Window and select the desired vessel.
Pre-defined Vessel Types:
• Linear (Vertical Tank)
• Horizontal Tank with Flat Ends
• Horizontal Tank with Hemispherical Ends
• Spherical Tank
49
USonic™ US-XX Series
5.8.9 Strapping Table (Continued)
Plan your table by filling out the table below.
• Use the first column which lists every 5% between 0 and 100%
or
Fill in your own values in column 2.
• Fill out column 3 with output values corresponding to those listed in
column 1 or 2.
Point
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
% Level / Head
Standard Preset
Values
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100
50
% Level / Head
Optional
Values
Output Values
Selected
Units
Specifications
Section 6: System Specifications
6.1 Transmitter Specifications
Power Requirement:
12.0 to 30 Vdc - Voltages in excess of 30 Vdc will cause permanent
damage.
Load Resistance = V supply – 12.0 / 0.02
• Minimum supply voltage is 19 volts at 4 mA
• For example:
V supply = 24 V and maximum load resistance = 600 ohms.
Ambient Operating Temperature
Electronics: -40°F to 158°F (-40°C to 70°C)
LCD Display: -4°F to 158°F (-20°C to 70°C)
Ambient Temperature Effect:
+/- 0.1% per 1°F
Repeatability:
0.1inch (3 mm)
Resolution:
0.125 inch (3 mm)
Response Time:
Less than 1 second
Calibration:
Zero & Span: to nearest .01 inch (3 mm)
Near Zone: 12 inches (305 mm)
Minimum span: 3 inches (76 mm)
Maximum span: 30 feet (9.1 m)
Output:
2-wire signal loop: 4 – 20 mA DC (isolated)
Accuracy:
0.15% of maximum sensor range
Temperature Compensation:
Automatic
Damping:
0 to 90 seconds
Lost Echo:
22 mA or 3.7 mA – field selectable
Near Zone:
22 mA or 3.7 mA – field selectable
Pulse Repetition Rate:
300 or 400 msec – field selectable
Fail Safe:
22 mA
51
USonic™ US-XX Series
6.2 Transducer Specifications
Sensor
Material: CPVC
Pressure: -10 to 50 psig
2" NPT / BSP Process Connection
Operating Temperature:
-40 to 158°F (-40°C to 70°C)
Beam Angle:
Conical, 10° typical, at the 3 db down point
6.3 Enclosure Specifications
US - 1X PBT-RF (Valox 420 SEO UV Stabilized) to NEMA 4X (IP 66)
3/2" NPT / M20 Electrical / Conduit Entries
US - 2XCast Aluminum Rated to NEMA 4X, IP 66, IP 68 (3m / 72h)
3/4" Electrical / Conduit Entries
6.4Approvals
FM / FMc
Model US-11, US-12
Intrinsically Safe for use in Class I, II and III, Division 1, Groups A, B, C,
D, E, F and G and Class I, Zone 0, AEx / Ex ia, Group IIC in accordance
with Entity requirements and Control Drawing 420-0004-289-CD;
Nonincendive for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C and D and
Class I, Zone 2, Group IIC; Suitable for use in Class II and III, Division
2, Groups F and G; Dust-Ignitionproof for use in Class II and III, Division
1, Groups E, F and G Indoor and Outdoor, Type 4, 4X IP65 Hazardous
(Classified) Locations.
Model US-21, US-22
Intrinsically Safe for use in Class I, II and III, Division 1, Groups A, B, C, D,
E, F and G and Class I, Zone 0, AEx / Ex ia, Group IIC in accordance with
Entity requirements and Control Drawing 420-0004-272-CD: Nonincendive
for use in Class I, Division 2, Groups A, B, C and D; Suitable for use in
Class II and III, Division 2, Groups F and G; Dust-Ignitionproof for use
in Class II and III, Division 1, Groups E, F and G;
Explosionproof for use in Class I, Division 1, Groups A, B, C and D Indoor
and Outdoor, Type 4, 4X, IP 66, IP 68 (3m / 72h) Hazardous (Classified)
Locations.
52
Specifications
6.4 Approvals (Continued)
IECEx
Ex ia IIC T5
FMG05.0001X
IEC – 60079 – 0 – General Requirements 2004-04
IEC – 60079 – 11 – Intrinsic Safety 1999-04
Install per 420-0004-312-CD
ATEX-NEMKO
II 1 G Ex ia IIC T5 US2X - IP66, IP68
NEMKO 05 ATEX 1271X
EN 60079-0:2006
EN 60079-11:2007
EN 60079-26:2004
The insulation between the intrinsically safe circuit and the frame of
the electrical apparatus or parts which may be earthed are capable of
withstanding 500 vac.
Install per 420-0004-312-CD
53
USonic™ US-XX Series
6.4 Approvals (Continued)
US23, ATEX Label
US22, FM Label
54
Control Drawings
Section 7: Control Drawings / General Safety Information
7.1 General Safety Information
This document contains installation instructions for potentially explosive
atmosphere applications.
The USonic is approved for use in hazardous locations when properly
installed. Control drawings detailing installation guidelines are available
in this section.
Always Install to Local Codes / Requirements / Directives as Mandated
by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.
The aluminum enclosure on Model US2 must be protected from mechanical
friction and impact that could cause ignition capable sparks.
Warning
Installation, Start-Up, and Service should only be performed by personnel
trained in explosive atmosphere installations.
Substitution of Components May Impair Intrinsic Safety.
7.1.1
Device Description
The USonic is a Continuous Level Measurement System.
Measurements are displayed via remote communications or an integrated
display screen.
Electrical connection
WARNING! Read the following information carefully.
Live Maintenance should only be carried out by Skilled Personnel trained
in explosion protection methods.
Test Equipment used to perform “Live Maintenance” must be certified
to use in the associated hazardous area.
7.1.2
Intrinsically Safe Installations
When the USonic is installed as an intrinsically safe device per the agency
control drawings, the housing cover may be safely opened. For system
configuration, remove the view port housing cover to access the display
keypad for local system configuration.
55
USonic™ US-XX Series
7.1 General Safety Information (Continued)
7.1.3
Explosionproof or Flameproof Installations (Model US2)
No Live maintenance is permitted.
Disconnect power to the device and check that the atmosphere is clear
of hazardous substances.
7.1.4
Start-up checklist
Do not connect power until you have gone through the checklist below
1. Are the wetted components (gasket, flange and sensing element)
resistant to the corrosive properties of the tank product?
2. Does the information given on the nameplate correspond with the
application?
3. Ex i applications: Are you using an intrinsic barrier within the correct
parameters?
4. Did you install cable entries of the correct internal diameter so that
there is a good seal around the cable? Are the cable glands suitably
certified per the application and the hazardous area parameters?
56
Control Drawings
7.2 FM Control Drawings
57
USonic™ US-XX Series
7.2 FM Control Drawings (Continued)
58
Control Drawings
7.2 FM Control Drawings (Continued)
59
USonic™ US-XX Series
7.3 FMc Control Drawings
60
Control Drawings
7.3 FMc Control Drawings (Continued)
61
USonic™ US-XX Series
7.3 FMc Control Drawings (Continued)
62
Control Drawings
SGA
3-07-12
7.4 ATEX Control Drawings
63
Form 440-0001-001
3/1/2006
TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF SALE
GENERAL:
ALL ORDERS ARE SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND
CONDITIONS. ANY ACCEPTANCE OF ANY OFFER OF BUYER FOR ANY GOODS OR
SERVICES IS CONDITIONED UPON THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS, AND SELLER
OBJECTS TO ANY ADDITIONAL OR DIFFERENT TERMS PROPOSED BY BUYER IN
ANY DOCUMENT, WHICH SHALL NOT BE BINDING UPON SELLER. No salesman or
other party is authorized to bind the AMETEK DREXELBROOK Division of AMETEK, Inc.
(hereinafter “Seller”) by any agreement, warranty, statement, promise, or understanding not
herein expressed, and no modifications shall be binding on Seller unless the same are in
writing and signed by an executive officer of Seller or his or her duly authorized
representative. Verbal orders shall not be executed until written notification has been received
and acknowledged by Seller.
QUOTATIONS: Written quotations are valid for thirty (30) days unless otherwise stated.
Verbal quotations expire the same day they are made.
PRICES: All prices and terms are subject to change without notice. Buyer-requested
changes to its order (“Orders”), including those affecting the identity, scope and delivery of the
goods or services, must be documented in writing and are subject to Seller’s prior approval
and adjustments in price, schedule and other affected terms and conditions. Orders requiring
certified test data in excess of commercial requirements, are subject to a special charge.
ORDER ACCEPTANCE: All Orders are subject to final approval and acceptance by Seller at
its office located at 205 Keith Valley Road, Horsham, Pennsylvania 19044.
TERMS OF PAYMENT: Seller’s standard terms of payment for Buyers who qualify for credit
are net thirty (30) days from date of invoice. All invoices must be paid in United States dollars.
CREDIT: Seller reserves the right at any time to revoke any credit extended to Buyer or
otherwise modify terms of payment if Buyer fails to pay for any shipments when due or if in
Seller’s opinion there is a material adverse change in Buyer’s financial condition. Seller may,
at its option, cancel any accepted Order if Buyer fails to pay any invoices when due.
DELIVERY: Shipments are F.O.B place of manufacture (“Shipping Point”) and the Buyer shall
pay all freight, transportation, shipping, duties, fees, handling, insurance, storage, demurrage,
or similar charges from Shipping Point. Delivery of goods to common carrier shall constitute
delivery and passing of title to the Buyer, and all risk of loss or damage in transit shall be
borne by Buyer. Any claims or losses for damage or destruction after such delivery shall be
the responsibility of Buyer.
Seller reserves the right to make delivery in installments which shall be separately invoiced
and paid for when due, without regard to subsequent deliveries. Delay in delivery of any
installment shall not relieve Buyer of its obligation to accept remaining deliveries.
Acknowledged shipping dates are approximate only and based on prompt receipt of all
necessary information from Buyer and Buyer’s compliance with terms of payment.
TAXES: All sales, excise and similar taxes which Seller may be required to pay or collect with
respect to the goods and/or services covered by any Order, shall be for the account of the
Buyer except as otherwise provided by law or unless specifically stated otherwise by Seller in
writing.
TERMINATION AND HOLD ORDERS: No Order may be terminated by Buyer except upon
written request by Buyer and approval by Seller, and if said request is approved by Seller,
under the following conditions: (1) Buyer agrees to accept delivery of all of the units
completed by Seller through the workday on which Seller receives the written termination
request; (2) Buyer agrees to pay to Seller all direct costs and expenses applicable to the
portion of the Order that is incomplete.
WARRANTY:
A. Hardware: Seller warrants its goods against defects in materials and workmanship under
normal use and service for one (1) year from the date of invoice.
B. Software and Firmware: Unless otherwise specified, Seller warrants for a period of one (1)
year from date of invoice that standard software or firmware, when used with Seller specified
hardware, shall perform in accordance with Seller’s published specifications. Seller makes no
representation or warranty, expressed or implied, that the operation of the software or
firmware shall be uninterrupted or error-free, or that functions contained therein shall meet or
satisfy the Buyer’s intended use or requirements.
C. Services: Seller warrants that services, including engineering and custom application,
whether provided on a fixed cost or time and material basis, shall be performed in accordance
with generally accepted industry practices.
D. Remedies: Seller’s liability under this section is restricted to replacing, repairing, or issuing
credit (at Seller’s option) for any returned goods and only under the following conditions: (1)
Seller must be promptly notified, in writing, as soon as possible after the defects have been
noted by the Buyer, but not later than (1) year from date of invoice from Seller; (2) The
defective goods are to be returned to the place of manufacture, shipping charges prepaid by
the Buyer; (3) Seller’s inspection shall disclose to its satisfaction that the goods were
defective in materials or workmanship at the time of shipment; (4) Any warranty service
(consisting of time, travel and expenses related to such services) performed other than at
Seller’s factory, shall be at Buyer’s expense.
E.Repaired/Reconditioned Goods: As to out-of-warranty goods which Seller has repaired or
reconditioned, Seller warrants for a period of sixty (60) days from date of its invoice only new
components replaced in the most recent repair/reconditioning.
F. Returns and Adjustments: No goods may be returned unless authorized in advance by
Seller and then only upon such conditions to which Seller may agree. Buyer must obtain an
RMA (Return Material Authorization) number from Seller prior to any return shipment and
such RMA number must appear on the shipping label and packing slip. Buyer shall be
responsible for the returned goods until such time as Seller receives the same at its plant and
for all charges for packing, inspection, shipping, transportation, or insurance associated with
returned goods. In the event that credit for returned goods is granted, it shall be at the lesser
of the then current prices or the original purchase price. Claims for shortage or incorrect
material must be made within five (5) days after receipt of shipment.
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, FOR ANY OF SELLER’S GOODS OR SERVICES, WHETHER
ORAL, WRITTEN, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING
WITHOUT LIMITATION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR PURPOSE ARE EXCLUDED.
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Seller’s sale of goods or provision of related documentation or
other materials to Buyer shall not transfer any intellectual property rights to Buyer unless
Seller specifically agrees to do so in writing. Seller shall retain ownership of all applicable
patents, trademarks, copyrights and other intellectual property rights. Buyer shall not use,
copy or transfer any such items in violation of Seller’s intellectual property rights or applicable
law, or for any purposes other than that for which the items were furnished.
Seller shall defend any lawsuit brought against the Buyer based on a claim that the design or
construction of the goods sold hereunder by Seller infringe any United States or Canadian
Patent, Copyright or Mask Work Registration, provided that Buyer promptly notifies Seller of
such claim in writing and further provided that, at Seller’s expense, (1) Buyer gives Seller the
sole right to defend or control the defense of the suit or proceeding, including settlement, and
(2) Buyer provides all necessary information and assistance for that defense. In the event of a
charge of infringement, Seller’s obligation under the agreement shall be fulfilled if Seller, at its
option and expense, either (i) settles such claim; (ii) procures for Buyer the right to continue
using such goods; (iii) replaces or modifies goods to avoid infringement; or (iv) accepts the
return of any infringing goods and refunds their purchase price; or (iv) defends against such
claim.
If Buyer furnishes specifications or designs to Seller, the obligations of Seller set forth above
shall not apply to goods made by Seller using such specifications or designs, and Buyer shall
defend, indemnify and hold Seller harmless against any third party claims for infringement
which arise out of Seller’s use of specifications or designs furnished by Buyer.
SOFTWARE LICENSE: If goods purchased hereunder include software (“Software”), Buyer
may use the Software only as part of the goods. Buyer may not use, copy, or transfer any of
the Software except as may be permitted under the applicable License Agreement provided
with the goods. Buyer’s right to use, copy or transfer the Software shall terminate upon
termination of Buyer’s right to use the goods.
PACKAGING/WEIGHTS AND DIMENSIONS: Buyer specified packing or marking may be
subject to additional charges not otherwise included in the price of the goods. Published
weights and dimensions are estimates or approximate only and are not warranted.
FORCE MAJEURE: Seller shall not be responsible for delays in delivery or any failure to
deliver due to causes beyond Seller’s control, including but not limited to the following items:
acts of God, war, terrorism, mobilization, civil commotion, riots, embargoes, domestic or
foreign governmental regulations or orders, governmental priorities, port congestion, acts of
the Buyer, its agents or employees, fires, floods, strikes, lockouts and other labor difficulties,
shortages of or inability to obtain shipping space or transportation, inability to secure fuel,
supplies or power at current prices or on account of shortages thereof, or due to limitations
imposed by the extent of availability of Seller’s normal manufacturing facilities.
If a delay excused per the above extends for more than ninety (90) days and the parties have
not agreed upon a revised basis for continuing providing the goods or services at the end of
the delay, including adjustment of the price, then Buyer, upon thirty (30) days’ prior written
notice to Seller may terminate the Order with respect to the unexecuted portion of the goods
or services, whereupon Buyer shall promptly pay Seller its reasonable termination charges
upon submission of Seller’s invoices thereof.
LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: Seller’s liability for any claim of any kind, except infringement of
intellectual property rights, shall not exceed the purchase price of any goods or services
which give rise to the claim. SELLER SHALL IN NO EVENT BE LIABLE FOR BUYER’S
MANUFACTURING COSTS, LOST PROFITS, LOSS OF USE OF THE GOODS OR
SERVICES, COST OF CAPITAL, COST OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS, FACILITIES,
SERVICES OR REPLACEMENT POWER, DOWNTIME COSTS, CLAIMS OF BUYER’S
CUSTOMERS FOR DAMAGES, OR OTHER SPECIAL, PROXIMATE, INCIDENTAL,
INDIRECT, EXEMPLARY OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES. Any action against Seller
must be brought within eighteen (18) months after the cause of action accrues. These
disclaimers and limitations of liability shall apply regardless of the form of action, whether in
contract, tort or otherwise, and further shall extend to the benefit of Seller’s vendors,
appointed distributors and other authorized resellers as third-party beneficiaries.
PROHIBITION FOR HAZARDOUS USE: Goods sold hereunder generally are not intended
for application in and shall not be used by Buyer in the construction or operation of a nuclear
installation or in connection with the use or handling of nuclear material, or for any hazardous
activity or critical application, where failure of a single component could cause substantial
harm to persons or property, unless the goods have been specifically approved for such a use
or application.
Seller disclaims all liability for any loss or damage resulting from such
unauthorized use and Buyer shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Seller against any
such liability, whether as a result of breach of contract, warranty, tort (regardless of the
degree of fault or negligence), strict liability or otherwise.
EXPORT CONTROL: Buyer shall comply with all export control laws and regulations of the
United States, and all sales hereunder are subject to those laws and regulations. Seller shall
not be named as shipper or exporter of record for any goods sold hereunder unless
specifically agreed to in writing by Seller. At Seller’s request, Buyer shall furnish Seller with
end-use and end-user information to determine export license applicability. Buyer warrants, in
accordance with U.S. Export Law, that goods sold hereunder shall not be destined for
facilities or activities involving nuclear, chemical or biological weapons, or related missile
delivery systems in named prohibited regions or countries.
GOVERNING LAW: Seller intends to comply with all laws applicable to its performance under
any order. All matters relating to interpretation and effect of these terms and any authorized
changes, modifications or amendments thereto shall be governed by the laws of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. No government contract regulations or clauses shall apply
to the goods or services, this agreement, or act to bind Seller unless specifically agreed to by
Seller in writing.
NON-WAIVER BY SELLER: Waiver by Seller of a breach of any of these terms and
conditions shall not be construed as a waiver of any other breach.
SEVERABILITY AND ENTIRE AGREEMENT: If any provision of these terms and conditions
is unenforceable, the remaining terms shall nonetheless continue in full force and effect. This
writing, together with any other terms and conditions Seller specifically agrees to in writing,
constitutes the entire terms and conditions of sale between Buyer and Seller and supercedes
any and all prior discussions, and negotiations on its subject matter.
An ISO 9001 Certified Company
205 Keith Valley Road, Horsham, PA 19044
U.S. and Canada:
1-800-553-9092
24-Hour Service:
1-800-527-6297
International:
+1 215-674-1234
Fax:
+1 215-674-2731
E-mail:[email protected]
Website: www.drexelbrook.com
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