Trimble S9 HP Total Station User Guide Rev A

Trimble S9 HP Total Station User Guide Rev A
USER GUIDE
TRIMBLE® S9 HP TOTAL STATION
Revision A
Part number 57013045
April 2015
Legal Notices
Geospatial Division,
10368 Westmoor Drive
Westminster CO 80021
USA
www.trimble.com
Copyright and trademarks
© 2015, Trimble Navigation Limited. All rights reserved. Autolock, Tracklight, Trimble and the Globe & Triangle logo are trademarks of Trimble Navigation Limited, registered in the United States Patent and Trademark Office and other countries. FineLock, MagDrive, MultiTrack, SurePoint, SureScan and VISION are trademarks of Trimble Navigation Limited. Microsoft and Windows are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
The Bluetooth word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Trimble Navigation Limited is under license.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Release Notice
This is the April 2015 release Revision A of the Trimble S9 HP Total Station user guide, part number 57013045. It applies to the Trimble S9 HP Total Station.
The following limited warranties give you specific legal rights. You may have others, which vary from state/jurisdiction to state/jurisdiction.
Product Warranty Information
For applicable product warranty information, please refer to the Warranty Card included with this Trimble product, or consult your Trimble dealer.
Regulatory Information For applicable regulatory information, please refer to the Trimble S5, S7, S9, S9 HP Total Station Regulatory Information Document included with this Trimble product, or consult your Trimble dealer.
Registration
To receive information regarding updates and new products, please contact your local dealer or visit www.trimble.com/register. Upon registration you may select the newsletter, upgrade or new product information you desire. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
II
Safety Information
Laser Safety
Before using the instrument, make sure that you understand this user guide, as well as all equipment and job site safety requirements.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with IEC 60825‐1 2007, 21 CFR 1040.10, and 1040.11 except for deviations pursuant to Laser Notice No. 50, dated June 24, 2007.
C
WARNING – Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein may result in hazardous LED or laser radiation exposure. As with any bright light source, such as the sun, electric welding arcs or arc lamps, common sense applies. DO NOT look into the laser aperture when the laser is on. For further information regarding safe use of lasers, refer to the IEC 60825‐1 June 24, 2007.
Queries
Address any questions you may have about laser safety to:
Trimble Navigation Limited
5475 Kellenburger Road
Dayton, OH USA 45424‐1099
Attention: Laser Safety Officer, Quality Assurance Group
Phone (937) 233‐8921 ext 824 or (800) 538‐7800
Fax (937) 233‐9661
Apertures
The figure below describes the apertures of the Trimble® S9 HP Total Station.
Aperture for distance
measurement, Autolock
and Laser pointer
Aperture for Tracklight
Long Range FineLock, High
Power Laser Pointer or
Camera
Figure 1.1
Trimble S9 HP apertures
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
III
Safety Information
Trimble S9 HP Total Station
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station is a CLASS 2 LASER PRODUCT:
The instrument contains visible and invisible laser sources:
A laser diode for distance measuring in DR mode and laser pointer function operating at 660 nm (visible light), with a beam divergence of 0.4 x 0.4 mrad and an output power of <1 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope, this mode operates in LASER CLASS 2.
A laser diode for distance measuring in prism mode operating at 660 nm (visible light), with a beam divergence of 0.4 x 0.4 mrad and an output power of <0.017 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope, this mode operates in LASER CLASS 1.
A laser diode for Autolock function operating at 785 nm (infrared, non‐visible light), with a beam divergence of 38.5 mrad and an out put power of <0.35 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope this mode operates in LASER CLASS 1.
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station can be equipped with a laser diode for Long Range FineLock operating at 785 nm (infrared, non‐visible light), with a beam divergence of 2,5 mrad and an output power of <0.35 mW, while the emission is biaxial and eccentric with the telescope axis, this mode operates in LASER CLASS 1.
The Autolock laser diode and the Long Range FineLock laser diode can not operate at the same time.
When operating in prism mode with Autolock and/or distance measurement the accessible radiation does not exceed the limits of LASER CLASS 1.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
IV
Safety Information
Trimble S9 HP Total Station With High Power Laser Pointer
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station with High Power Laser Pointer is a CLASS 3 LASER PRODUCT.
The instrument contains visible and invisible laser sources:
A laser diode for distance measuring in DR mode and laser pointer function operating at 660 nm (visible light), with a beam divergence of 0.4 x 0.4 mrad and an output power of <1 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope. This mode operates in LASER CLASS 2.
The laser diode for distance measuring in prism mode operates at 660 nm (visible light), with a beam divergence of 0.4 x 0.4 mrad and an output power of <0.017 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope. This mode operates in LASER CLASS 1.
An Autolock laser diode operates at 785 nm (infrared, non‐visible light), with a beam divergence of 38.5 mrad and an output power of < 0.35 mW, while the emission is coaxial with the telescope. This mode operates in LASER CLASS 1.
A laser pointer function operating at 660 nm (visible light), with a full beam divergence of 0,2 mrad (1/e^2) and an output power of <3,5 mW, while the emission is biaxial and eccentric to the telescope. This mode operates in LASER CLASS 3R.
The laser for the high power laser pointer and the laser for measuring in DR mode may be run at the same time. This mode is within LASER CLASS 3R.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
V
Safety Information
Battery Safety
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery. A damaged battery can C cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or property damage. To prevent injury or damage: – Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of damage
include, but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and leaking battery fluid. – Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water. – Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather. – Do not drop or puncture the battery. – Do not open the battery or short‐circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery if it appears to be leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can result in personal injury and/or property damage. To prevent injury or damage: – If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid. – If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with clean water and
seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes! – If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean water to wash off
the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery only in strict accordance with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in unauthorized equipment can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or equipment damage. To prevent injury or damage: – Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking. – Charge the Lithium‐ion battery only in a Trimble product that is specified to charge it. Be sure to follow all instructions that are provided with the battery charger. – Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning odor. – Use the battery only in Trimble equipment that is specified to use it. – Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the instructions in the
product documentation.
Transport
The instrument is equipped with a Locate 2 Protect (L2P) module that communicates via cellular technology, it is therefore necessary to check local regulations before transporting this instrument by air.
C
WARNING – Make sure that the L2P module is inactivated during air transport.
For information how to inactivate the L2P module see Inactivate L2P Module, page 81
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
VI
Safety Information
ESD Information
The instrument has been tested and complies with ESD regulations.
When a Trimble CU Controller is not attached to the instrument the Panel Attachment Cover P/N 50014012 should be attached for full ESD and environmental protection.
The Panel Attachment Cover is attached and detached to and from the panel attachment in the same way as the Trimble CU Controller. See Attaching the TCU to the Instrument on page 63 and See Detaching the TCU on page 64
Figure 1.2
Panel Attachment Cover P/N 50014012
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
VII
Contents
Legal Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . II
Safety Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .III
Laser Safety. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III
Queries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III
Apertures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . III
Trimble S9 HP Total Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . IV
Trimble S9 HP Total Station With High Power Laser Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . V
Battery Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VI
Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VI
ESD Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .VII
1
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Welcome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Related Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Technical Assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Your Comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Registration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2
Inspection, Care & Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Inspecting the Container . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Instrument Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Storing the Carrying Straps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Attaching the Accessory Case to the Instrument Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Care and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Getting Rid of Moisture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Air Transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
3
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Battery Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Disposal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Charging the Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Five Slot Charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Dual Slot Charger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Connecting an Internal Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Connecting an External Battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Instrument Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Trigger Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Face 2 Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Optical Plummet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
4
Set up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Setup Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Measurement Stability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Starting the Instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Leveling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
VIII
Instrument Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
PIN Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
PUK Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Radio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Bluetooth® Device Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Reference HA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Adjustments Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Firmware Version Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Service Info . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Select Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
Exit Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
The Laser Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Aligning the Laser Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Adjusting the Laser Pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
Measuring the Instrument Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
Adjusting the Optical Plummet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Pre Measurement Check List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
Connecting a Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Trimble CU Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62
Trimble TSC3 Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
5
Instrument Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Angle Measuring Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Correction for Mislevelment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
Correction for Collimation Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Correction for Trunnion Axis Tilt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Averaging Measurements to Reduce Sighting Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Distance Measuring Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Beam Divergence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
Autolock Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75
FineLock™ Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
How to Check Aiming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Tracklight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
Locate2Protect Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Airplane Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .81
Servo Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Position Servo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
Focus Servo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Power Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Stand Alone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Instrument with Trimble CU Connected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
Battery Low Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
External Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
Communication (Com) Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
USB Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
6
Instrument Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Trimble Multi Battery Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .88
Trimble Standard Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89
Trimble Target ID. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Trimble MultiTrack™ Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
Fitting and Removing the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
IX
Specification Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .95
Trimble Active Track 360 Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Measures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Inserting the battery. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Turn on the Target . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Select ID Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98
Attach and Detach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99
Trimble Robotic Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Power Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Attaching a Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Detaching a Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Attaching a Trimble CU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Detaching a Trimble CU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Attaching the Trimble Robotic Holder to the Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Detaching the Trimble Robotic Holder from the Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Internal Radio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
External Radio 2.4 GHz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Attaching the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Detaching the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Radio Antenna Extension Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
X
CHAPTER
1
Introduction
1
In this chapter:

Welcome

Related Information

Technical Assistance

Your Comments

Registration
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
1
1 – Introduction
Welcome
Welcome to the Trimble S9 HP Total Station user guide. This manual describes how to setup and use the Trimble S9 HP Total Station. Even if you have used an optical total station before, Trimble recommends that you spend some time reading this manual to learn about the special features of this product.
Trimble S9 HP Total Station
Through out this user guide the Trimble S9 HP Total Station will be referred to as the instrument.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
2
1 – Introduction
Related Information
For more information about this product, please visit our web site at:
www.trimble.com
Technical Assistance
If you have a problem and cannot find the information you need in the product documentation, contact your local Distributor. Alternatively, request technical support using the Trimble web site at:
www.trimble.com
Your Comments
Your feedback about the supporting documentation helps us to improve it with each revision.
E‐mail your comments to ReaderFeedback@trimble.com.
Registration
To receive information regarding updates and new products please register on the Trimble web site.
www.trimble.com/register
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
3
CHAPTER
2
Inspection, Care & Maintenance
2
In this chapter:

Inspecting the Container

Instrument Case

Care and Maintenance

Transport

Servicing
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
Inspecting the Container
Inspect the shipping container. If the container arrives in poor condition, examine the equipment for visible damage. If damage is found, immediately notify the carrier and your Trimble sales representative. Keep the container and the packing material for the carrier to inspect.
Instrument Case
When unpacking the instrument, check that all ordered items are received. Below is an example of where all items can be placed in the instrument case. See Figure 2.1.
10
11
12
9
13
8
1
7
6
2
5
4
Figure 2.1
3
Position of items in the instrument case
Note – Some of the items described in figure 2.1 are optional and not all of the items are delivered with the instrument.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
5
2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
Item
Description
1
Trimble S9 HP Total Station instrument
2
Tribrach
3
Trimble Active Track 360 Target (Not included with all models)
4
Instrument case with carrying straps
5
Rain cover
6
Tool for handle (Torx T30 key)
7
Tools for tribrach and optical plummet
8
Instrument case keys (2x)
9
Trimble S5, S7, S9, S9 HP Total Station Quick Start Guide, Trimble S5, S7, S9, S9 HP Total Station Regulatory Information Document, Locate 2 Protect Activation Card, Warranty Activation Card, Extended Warranty Card and Trimble Active Track 360 Target Quick Start Guide (If Trimble Active Track 360 Target i included)
10
Laser pointer adjustment tool
11
Reflective foil target
12
Laser pointer adjustment target (Type of target depends on distance meter type)
13
Lens rain cover
C
CAUTION – If the instrument is equipped with the optional DIN adapter for DIN tribrach, then the DIN tribrach must be removed before the instrument is placed in the instrument case. The DIN standard is mostly used in the German market.
C
CAUTION – When shipping an instrument, make sure that the Trimble CU is not attached to the instrument. Place the Trimble CU in its own compartment in the transport case to avoid damage to the instrument. See Figure 2.1
Storing the Carrying Straps
When you are not using the carrying straps, you can store them in the carrying strap compartment on the instrument case.
B
Tip – Put the waist straps into the carrying strap compartment first, before the shoulder straps.
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2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
To take out and use the carrying straps:
1. Press the compartment lid lock downward and open the carrying strap compartment. See Figure 2.2
Compartment
lid lock
Carrying strap
compartment
Figure 2.2
Instrument case with the carrying straps inside the compartment
2. Lift the straps from the compartment. The straps are already attached to the instrument case. See Figure 2.3
Figure 2.3
Fitting the carrying straps
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
7
2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
3. Close the compartment lid, making sure that you do not jam the carrying straps. See Figure 2.4
Figure 2.4
Instrument case with the carrying straps ready for use
Attaching the Accessory Case to the Instrument Case
The accessory case can be fitted on top of the instrument case for transport to a job site. Use straps (not included) as shown in Figure 2.5.
Straps to secure
The accessory case
to the instrument
case
Figure 2.5
Accessory case fitted to the top of the instrument case
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
8
2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
Care and Maintenance
WARNING – Do not remove the instrument cover from the instrument. The instrument is C designed to withstand normal electromagnetic disturbance from the environment but it contains circuits that are sensitive to static electricity. If an unauthorized person opens the instrument cover, the function of the instrument is not guaranteed and the warranty is invalidated.
The instrument is designed and tested to withstand field conditions, but like all precision instruments, it requires care and maintenance. Take the following steps to get the best results from the instrument:
• Do not subject the equipment to rough jolts or careless treatment.
• Keep the lenses and reflectors clean. Use only lens paper or other material that is designed for cleaning optical equipment. As a cleaner, a solution of pure water and 20‐30% 2‐Propanol specified with evaporation residue <5mg/l.
• Keep the instrument protected and in an upright position, preferably in the instrument case.
• Do not carry the instrument while the instrument is mounted on a tripod. Doing so can damage the tribrach screws.
• Do not carry the instrument by the telescope barrel. Use the handle.
• When you need extremely precise measurements, make sure that the instrument has adapted to the surrounding temperature. Significant variations in instrument temperature can affect precision.
Cleaning
C
CAUTION – Never use strong detergents such as benzine or thinners on the instrument or the instrument case.
Be very careful when cleaning the instrument, especially when removing sand or dust from lenses and reflectors. Never use coarse or dirty cloth or hard paper. Trimble recommends that you use anti‐
static lens paper, a cotton wad, or a lens brush. Getting Rid of Moisture
If the instrument has been used in damp weather, take the instrument indoors and remove the instrument from the instrument case. Leave the instrument to dry naturally. If condensation forms on the lenses, allow the moisture to evaporate naturally. Leave the carrying case open until all moisture has evaporated.
Storage
• Storage temperature range ‐40°C to +70°C (‐40°F to 158°F) in a dry environment.
• Remove battery from the instrument before storage.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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2 – Inspection, Care & Maintenance
Transport
Always transport the instrument in a locked instrument case. For longer trips, transport the instrument in the instrument case and inside the original shipping container.
Always remove the internal battery during transport.
When transporting batteries, make sure to follow national and international rules and regulations. Contact your transport company before shipping.
C
CAUTION – When shipping an instrument, make sure that the Trimble CU is not attached to the instrument. Place the Trimble CU in its own compartment in the transport case to avoid damage to the instrument. See Figure 2.1
Air Transport
The instrument is equipped with a Locate 2 Protect (L2P) module that communicates via cellular technology, it is therefore necessary to check local regulations before transporting this instrument by air.
C
WARNING – Make sure that the L2P module is inactivated during air transport.
For information how to inactivate the L2P module see Inactivate L2P Module, page 81
Servicing
Note – There are no user‐serviceable parts on the instrument.
Trimble recommends that you take the instrument to an authorized Trimble service workshop for service and calibration once a year. This is to guarantee that the specified accuracies are maintained.
When you send the instrument to a service center, clearly write the name of the sender and the receiver on the instrument case. If repairs are required, enclose a note in the instrument case. The note should clearly describe any fault or symptoms, and indicate that servicing is required.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
10
CHAPTER
3
Getting Started
3
In this chapter:

Battery Safety

Battery

Charging the Battery

Connecting an Internal Battery

Connecting an External Battery

Instrument Description
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
11
3 – Getting Started
Battery Safety
Before charging or using a battery it is important that you read and understand the battery safety information.
C
WARNING – Do not damage the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery. A damaged battery can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or property damage. To prevent injury or damage: – Do not use or charge the battery if it appears to be damaged. Signs of damage
include, but are not limited to, discoloration, warping, and leaking battery fluid. – Do not expose the battery to fire, high temperature, or direct sunlight.
– Do not immerse the battery in water. – Do not use or store the battery inside a vehicle during hot weather. – Do not drop or puncture the battery. – Do not open the battery or short‐circuit its contacts.
C
WARNING – Avoid contact with the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery if it appears to be leaking. Battery fluid is corrosive, and contact with it can result in personal injury and/or property damage. To prevent injury or damage: – If the battery leaks, avoid contact with the battery fluid. – If battery fluid gets into your eyes, immediately rinse your eyes with clean water and
seek medical attention. Do not rub your eyes! – If battery fluid gets onto your skin or clothing, immediately use clean water to wash off
the battery fluid.
C
WARNING – Charge and use the rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery only in strict accordance with the instructions. Charging or using the battery in unauthorized equipment can cause an explosion or fire, and can result in personal injury and/or equipment damage. To prevent injury or damage: – Do not charge or use the battery if it appears to be damaged or leaking. – Charge the Lithium‐ion battery only in a Trimble product that is specified to charge it.
Be sure to follow all instructions that are provided with the battery charger. – Discontinue charging a battery that gives off extreme heat or a burning odor. – Use the battery only in Trimble equipment that is specified to use it. – Use the battery only for its intended use and according to the instructions in the
product documentation.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Battery
The instrument battery is a rechargeable Lithium‐ion battery. The battery has an integrated power gauge that will display the condition of the battery. The power gauge is activated by pressing the button on the battery. See Figure 3.1
Button
Power gauge
Figure 3.1
Battery power gauge and button
When you press the button, four LEDs on the instrument battery show the power level. Each LED corresponds to a power level of 25% so that when the power level is at 100%, all four LEDs are lit. If the battery is completely discharged, all LEDs are unlit. When the button is pushed and all the LEDs flash, the battery needs to be reconditioned in the battery charger, See Conditioning the Battery on page 15.
When the battery capacity is between 0 and 10% one LED is flashing. A battery with a flashing LED might not be able to start an instrument or a Trimble CU. If started, with a battery with a flashing LED, the operating time will be between 5 and 15 minutes.
Disposal
• Before disposal, discharge the battery.
• Dispose of the used battery in an environmentally sensitive manner, according to local and national regulations.
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3 – Getting Started
Charging the Battery
The battery is supplied partially charged. Charge the battery completely before using it for the first time.
B
Tip – The Five slot charger and Dual slot charger can also be used to charge the Trimble 7.4 V Li‐Ion batteries used in the Trimble MultiTrack™ Target and the Trimble Active Track 360 Target, see Figure 3.2
Figure 3.2
Trimble 7.4 V Li‐Ion battery
Five Slot Charger
The charger operates between 0 °C (32 °F) and 40 °C (104 °F). Charging a battery at temperatures in the range of 0 °C (32 °F) to 5 °C (41 °F) will take longer than charging at room temperature.
C
CAUTION – Ensure that nothing obstructs the vents in the back of the charger. The bottom of the charger is hot during charging.
Via country specific
adapter to mains power
DC Input
AC/DC Converter
Figure 3.3
Five Slot charger
To charge the battery:
1. Ensure that the vents in the back of the charger are unobstructed.
2. Place the charger on a hard, flat and level surface, to ensure that there is airflow under the charger.
3. To apply power to the charger, use the AC to DC converter. The charger scans the slots for a battery. The green light flashes on the slot that is being scanned. 4. Place the battery in any of the slots. For an explanation of the LED display, see page 16. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
14
3 – Getting Started
5. Charging takes approximately 3 hours per battery at room temperature. If several batteries are charging in the battery charger, the batteries will be charged sequentially, from left to right. Leave a deeply discharged or shorted battery overnight in the charger to attempt to revive the battery. A shorted battery is typically revived as soon as the slot is scanned. If the Amber LED turns off, the battery is revived. If the Amber LED stays on, the battery is no longer functional and needs to be replaced.
Conditioning the Battery
Charge the battery as described above. Ensure that the vents in the back of the charger are unobstructed and that the charger is on a flat and level surface.
If the Amber LED for a slot is flashing, the battery occupying this slot requires conditioning.
A battery that has been subjected to 20 consecutive incomplete charge/discharge cycles requires conditioning and will trigger the conditioning‐required indicator. A full charge/discharge cycle is defined as one that uses more than 90% of the battery capacity. A battery requires conditioning if the power gauge (a count of the battery capacity) in the battery is misreading the battery capacity by more than 8%. The battery is still safe to use, but the power gauge may no longer be accurate which may decrease the battery run time in the field. Using all the battery capacity before charging will reset the indicator. The charger also has the capability to perform a conditioning cycle.
To condition the battery 1. Press the conditioning button on the back of the charger. Amber LEDs become solid, and all green LEDs start to flash. Release the conditioning button. See Figure 3.4
In the conditioning mode, the charger discharges any battery that requires conditioning and then charges it.
Conditioning a single battery can take up to 24 hours. Conditioning five batteries can take up to 60 hours. Trimble recommends that you condition the battery or batteries on a weekend. C
CAUTION – The bottom of the charger is hot during conditioning. Do not touch the bottom plate.
2. If you press the conditioning button again when conditioning is in progress, you cancel conditioning. To succeed, a conditioning cycle must be uninterrupted.
Conditioning
button
Figure 3.4
Battery charger conditioning button
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Battery Charger LED Behavior
Table 3.1
Five Slot Battery Charger LED Behavior
Status
Amber LED
Green LED
No battery detected (or battery defective)
ON
OFF
Conditioning not required
OFF
OFF
Conditioning required
FLASHING
OFF
Conditioning not required
OFF
FLASHING
Conditioning required
FLASHING
FLASHING
Conditioning in progress
ON
FLASHING
Conditioning done (battery fully charged)
ON
ON
Conditioning not required
OFF
ON
Conditioning required
FLASHING
ON
Battery detected (charging not started)
Charging in progress
Battery fully charged
Dual Slot Charger
The charger operates between 0 °C (32 °F) and 40 °C (104 °F). Charging a battery at temperatures in the range of 0 °C (32 °F) to 5 °C (41 °F) will take longer than charging at room temperature.
C
CAUTION – Ensure that nothing obstructs the vents in the back and bottom of the charger.
Figure 3.5
Dual Slot Charger
To charge the battery: 1. Ensure that the vents in the back and bottom of the charger are unobstructed. 2. Place the charger on a hard, flat and level surface, to ensure that there is airflow under the charger. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
3. To apply power to the charger, use the AC to DC converter or 12V cigarette plug. The charger scans the slots for a battery. 4. Place the battery in any of the slots. The Red light turns off (can take up to 5s). For an explanation of the LED display, see LED Status Indicator. 5. Charging takes approximately 3 hours per battery at room temperature. If two batteries are placed in the charger the batteries will be charged one at a time. Leave a deeply discharged or shorted battery overnight in the charger to attempt to revive the battery. A shorted battery is typically revived as soon as the slot is scanned. If the Red LED turns off, the battery is revived. If the Red LED stays on, the battery is no longer functional and needs to be replaced. Conditioning the Battery
C
CAUTION – The bottom of the charger is hot during conditioning. Do not touch the bottom plate.
C
CAUTION – Ensure that nothing obstructs the vents in the back and bottom of the charger.
After a number of incomplete charge/discharge cycles the gas gauge in the Smart Battery gets inaccurate. The battery is still safe to use, but the power gauge may no longer be accurate which may decrease the battery run time in the field. Then a conditioning is required. This is a cycle of: Charge battery completely Discharge the battery until the voltage is below the low‐end conditioning threshold Charge battery again The need for conditioning is read out from the battery by the charger and indicated by a blinking Red LED. Conditioning starts when the conditioning button is pressed by the user. There is one button for each slot. Only the batteries requiring a conditioning can be conditioned. To condition the battery: 1. Press the conditioning button under the battery. Red LED become solid and the green LED start to flash. Release the conditioning button. 2. If you remove the battery while conditioning is in progress, you cancel conditioning. To succeed, a conditioning cycle must be uninterrupted. Conditioning a single battery can take up to 24 hours. It is recommended that you condition the battery or batteries on a weekend. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
LED Status Indicator
Beside each slot are two LED indicators (Red + Green) to display the battery status. Red LED Green LED
Red LED Green LED
Conditioning Conditioning
button
button
Figure 3.6
Dual Slot Charger control panel
Table 3.2
Five Slot Battery Charger LED Behavior
Status
Red LED
Green LED
No battery detected (or battery defective)
ON
OFF
Conditioning not required
OFF
OFF
Conditioning required
FLASHING
OFF
Conditioning not required
OFF
FLASHING
Conditioning required
FLASHING
FLASHING
Over/Under ‐temperature (Charge is inhibited)
One flash every 2.5s
FLASHING
Conditioning in progress
ON
FLASHING
Conditioning done (battery fully charged)
ON
ON
Conditioning not required
OFF
ON
Conditioning required
FLASHING
ON
Power supply over/under ‐voltage
OFF
One flash every 2.5s
Battery detected (charging not started)
Charging in progress
Battery fully charged
For more information regarding the Dual Slot Charger, please refer to the documentation delivered with the charger.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Connecting an Internal Battery
The instrument internal battery fits into the battery compartment on the side of the instrument. This battery can easily be removed and replaced. To insert the battery:
1. Open the battery compartment hatch by pressing the lock release button.
2. Slide the battery into the battery compartment with the battery connectors positioned towards the top of the instrument. See Figure 3.7
Press
Open
Figure 3.7
Inserting and/or removing the internal battery
Connecting an External Battery
The instrument has two external connectors in the base of the instrument. Both connectors can be used to connect an external power supply to the instrument. External power can be provided by one of the following:
• Multi Battery Adapter, see Trimble Multi Battery Adapter, page 88
• Car battery, via cable with croc clips or via cable with cigarette lighter connector
C
CAUTION – Use only the gray cables with 6‐pin Hirose connectors from Trimble when connecting a cable to the instrument and Multi Battery Adapter.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
19
3 – Getting Started
B
Tip – When connecting the cable to the instrument, keep the Trimble logo on the connector upward. Trimble logo
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Instrument Description
This section describes the instrument controls. Trimble recommends that you take some time to familiarize yourself with the names and the locations of the controls. See Figure 3.8 and Figure 3.9
Removable
handle
Coarse sight
Focusing
servo knob
Instr. height mark
Eye-piece
Vertical motion
servo knob
Coarse sight
Horizontal motion
servo knob
USB
Connector
Bottom instrument
height mark
Trimble CU
controller
attachment
On/Off and trigger key
Communication (COM) connector
Power (+12V) connector
Figure 3.8
Operator’s view of the instrument
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Removable handle screws
Coaxial optics for
angle and distance
measurements,
tracker and visible
laser pointer
Aperture for
Tracklight, Camera,
Long Range
FineLock or High
Power Laser Pointer
Optical plummet
Radio antenna
connector
Compartment for
internal battery
Face 2 display
Face 2 keyboard
Figure 3.9
Front view of the instrument
Trigger Key
When there is no Trimble CU attached to the instrument, the trigger key functions as an On/Off key. An LED in the trigger key indicates if the instrument is turned on. A solid light indicates on and a flashing light indicates suspend mode.
When there is a Trimble CU running a field application software connected to the instrument, the trigger key performs the same function as the Enter key on the Trimble CU.
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3 – Getting Started
Face 2 Display
The face 2 display is a graphical display with a built‐in backlight, and three control buttons. See Figure 3.10
Change face
Enter
Scroll
Figure 3.10 Face 2 display and keyboard
When a secondary function is available on a button, an icon appears at the bottom of the display. To access the secondary function, press and hold the appropriate key.
When a Trimble CU is attached to the instrument, the software running on the unit controls the face 2 display and keyboard, and determines which secondary functions are available. For details on how the software controls the face 2 display, refer to the field software documentation.
When there is no Trimble CU attached to the instrument, and you turn on the instrument using the trigger key, the face 2 display shows an electronic leveling screen. See Figure 3.11
1:250
Exit
Setup
Figure 3.11 Electronic leveling screen on the face 2 display
For information on how to access the compensator menu and instrument setup menu from the face 2 display and keyboard. See Adjusting the Optical Plummet on page 60.
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3 – Getting Started
Optical Plummet
The instrument is equipped with an optical plummet, which has 2x magnification and a focusing range of 0.5 m to infinity. The instrument can be positioned to an accuracy of 0.5 mm at 1.5 m over a ground mark.
Figure 3.12 Optical plummet
As shown in Figure 3.12:
• To focus the crosshairs, rotate the eye‐piece.
• To focus the optical plummet to the ground, push in or pull out the optical plummet.
For information on how to adjust the optical plummet. See Adjusting the Optical Plummet on page 60.
Handle
The handle on the instrument is detachable for measurements in confined spaces, or for instances where the handle obstructs the sighting line. The instrument handle is placed so that it will not obscure measurements in the face 1 position, or restrict plumbing vertically beneath an overhead marker or sighting up a vertical shaft.
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3 – Getting Started
The handle can be removed by:
1. Unscrew the two Torx screws securing the handle to the instrument, use a T30 Torx key.
2. Slide the handle horizontally away from the front of the instrument. See Figure 3.13 and Figure 3.14
Figure 3.13 Removing the instrument handle
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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3 – Getting Started
Figure 3.14 Detaching the instrument handle
Attaching the handle:
Attaching the handle is completed by reversing the above operations.
C
CAUTION – Make sure that the handle is firmly attached before you lift the instrument.
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26
CHAPTER
4
Set up
4
In this chapter:

Setup

Starting the Instrument

Leveling

Instrument Setup

The Laser Pointer

Measuring the Instrument Height

Adjusting the Optical Plummet

Pre Measurement Check List

Attaching the TCU to the Instrument

Detaching the TCU

Trimble TSC3 Controller
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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4 – Set up
Setup
An instrument setup with good measuring stability will increase the precision in the measurement result and allow you to utilize the measurement precision of the instrument to its full extent.
Setup Stability
When an instrument is setup it is important to consider the following:
1. Set tripod legs wide apart to increase the stability of the setup. A setup where one leg is placed on e.g asphalt and the other two on soil will still be a stable setup provided that the tripod legs are set wide enough. If it is not possible to set the tripod legs wide apart due to obstacles, then the tripod can be lowered to increase stability.
Figure 4.1
Correct instrument set up
2. Make sure that all the screws on the tripod and/or tribrach are tightened to avoid any play.
3. Any high quality tripod and tribrach can be used. However, Trimble strongly recommends the use of tripod heads made of steel, aluminum or similar material. Tripod heads of fiberglass or other composite materials are not recommended.
See Servo Technology on page 82 for more information.
TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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4 – Set up
Measurement Stability
Take into account that instruments require sufficient time to adjust to the ambient temperature. The following rule‐of‐thumb for a high precision measurement applies: Temperature difference in degree Celsius (°C) x 2 = duration in minutes required for the instrument to adjust to the new temperature.
Avoid sighting across fields with intense heat shimmer by sun light, e.g. at noon.
Starting the Instrument
Note – Before following any of the instructions below, put the instrument in the face 2 position, i.e. the telescope eyepiece and face 2 keyboard and display are pointing towards you.
The face 2 display menus described in this chapter can only be accessed when there is no Trimble CU attached, please remove the Trimble CU before starting the instrument. Start the instrument by pressing the trigger key.
Once you start the instrument, the Select Mode menu appears in the face 2 display.
To go to Setup/Level press C.
1:250
-Select Mode>>Setup/Level
10
Time-out
in 10 sec.
Exit
Setup
C
Waiting for
connection...
Channel
Network ID
C
8
10
- setup >> Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
Note – If no selection is made within 10 seconds the instrument will go to suspend mode. To return to the select mode menu press the trigger key.
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4 – Set up
Leveling
Once you have selected Setup/Level, the face 2 display appears with the electronic bubble for leveling. If there is a Trimble CU attached, the Trimble CU software controls the face 2 display. Figure 4.2 shows the leveling process.
To toggle between a graphical or numerical display make a long press on A.
To change the graphical displays sensitivity (zoom) make a short press on a.
To accept and enter the setup menu press C.
Note – Due to the high speed servo it is important to use a high quality tripod and tribrach.
1:250
Long
press
1:250
X:0.0054
Y:0.0145
A
Exit
Setup
Exit
Setup
C
- Setup >> Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
Figure 4.2
The leveling process
Note – If the instrument is inactive for longer than 300 seconds (5 minutes) it will go to suspend mode. See Power Management on page 83
Instrument Setup
With the face 2 display, you can access a number of instrument functions and routines without a Trimble CU attached:
In the leveling display select Setup by pressing C, the Setup Menu appears:
Note – It is possible to access the instrument setup menu without leveling the instrument.
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4 – Set up
- Setup >> Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
The instrument Setup menu is structured as follows:
• Exit (to level)
• Security settings, See Security on page 31
• Radio settings. See page 37.
• Bluetooth® device settings, See Bluetooth® Device Settings on page 40
• Reference Horizontal Angle. See page 42.
• Adjustments. See page 42.
– Back
– Compensator calibration. See page 42. – HA/VA and trunnion axis collimation. See page 44.
– Tracker collimation. See page 48.
– Laser pointer on/off. See page 50.
– Autofocus calibration. See page 51
• Firmware version information. See page 52.
• Service info, See Service Info on page 53
• Language settings, See Select Language on page 53
Security
To avoid unauthorized use of the instrument a PIN/PUK security code can be activated by the user.
PIN Code
The PIN Code is a four digit code where each digit can be set between 0‐9 e.g. “1234”. The PIN Code can be activated and changed by the user.
As default the PIN Code is set to “0000”. With this code set the security is not activated and the user will not be prompted to enter PIN Code at start up.
Note – If the wrong code is entered more than 10 times, the instrument will be locked and the PUK Code needs to be entered.
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4 – Set up
Activate or Change PIN Code
To activate the security PIN Code or change the PIN Code:
1. Press A to scroll to Security and then press C.
2. Press A to scroll to Change PIN and then press C.
3. Enter the current PIN Code. The underlined digit is selected for change.
a. Press A to change the digit to the correct number.
b. Press b to select the next digit.
c. When all four digits have been set to the correct PIN code press C.
4. Enter the new PIN Code of your choice and press C, follow the instructions 3a, 3b and 3c
5. To confirm the PIN Code press C.
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4 – Set up
- Setup Exit (to level)
>> Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
C
- Security Back....
>> Change PIN
Get PUK
C
- Change PIN -
- Change PIN Enter current PIN
0000
OK
Next
Change
Done
C
C
- Change PIN Enter new PIN
0420
- Change PIN Confirm new PIN
0420
Next
Change
Done
Next
Change
Done
C
6. Press A to scroll to Back.... and then press C to return to the Setup menu.
Unlock Instrument With PIN Code
When the security PIN Code has been activated, the PIN Code needs to be entered at start up.
To unlock the instrument select Unlock Instrument and press C
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4 – Set up
-Enter PIN-
-Select Mode>>Unlock Instrument
Setup/Level
0000
10
C
Next
Change
Done
Time-out
in 10 sec.
Instrument locked
Waiting for
connection...
Channel
Network ID
8
10
Note – If no selection is made within 10 seconds the instrument will go to suspend mode. To return to the select mode menu press the trigger key.
The PIN code is a four digit number. The underlined digit is selected for change.
1. Press A to change the digit to the correct number.
2. Press b to select the next digit.
3. When all four digits have been set to the correct PIN code press C.
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4 – Set up
Next
-Enter PIN-
-Enter PIN-
0420
OK
Change
Done
C
-Select Mode>>Unlock Instrument
Setup/Level
Exit
Setup
- setup >> Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
If the wrong PIN Code is entered more than ten times, you will be prompted to enter the PUK Code.
When the correct PUK Code has been entered, the PIN Code will be reset to “0000”. This means that the PIN Code security will be inactivated.
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4 – Set up
Next
-Enter PIN-
-Enter PIN-
1234
Failed
Change
Done
C
C
Failed >10 times
- Enter PUK 0000000000
Done
PUK Code
The PUK Code is a ten digit code where each digit is set between 0‐9 e.g. “0123456789”. The PUK Code can not be changed by the user.
The PUK Code is set at the factory. A document with the PUK Code is supplied to the user when the instrument is delivered. Please save this document in a safe place.
Note – If the PUK code has been lost, please contact your authorized Trimble distributor to retrieve the PUK code.
Note – The PUK Code is needed to unlock the instrument if wrong PIN Code has been entered more than ten times.
You can read out the PUK Code from the instrument:
1. Press A to scroll to Security and then press C.
2. Press A to scroll to Get PUK and then press C.
3. Press C to return to the Security menu.
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4 – Set up
- Setup Exit (to level)
>> Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
- Security Back....
Change PIN
>> Get PUK
C
C
- Get PUK 0123456789
Done
C
Radio Settings
In the Radio settings menu it is possible to set the radio channel and network ID number.
Set Radio Channel
1. Press A to scroll to Radio settings and then press C.
2. Press A to scroll to Set radio channel and then press C.
- Setup Exit (to level)
Security
>> Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
C
-Radio settingsBack...
>> Set radio channel
Set network ID
3. To change the radio channel number press A to select Next and then press C to change the channel number in the display. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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4 – Set up
Note – a short press on the enter key will increment the radio channel in increments of 1, pressing and holding the enter key, will increment the radio channel in steps of 10.
Set radio channel
Channel: 1
>> next
set
For
example
7
short
presses
C
Set radio channel
Channel: 8
>> next
set
4. When you have found the channel number of your choice press A to select Set and then press C to store this channel number. You will then be returned to the Radio Settings menu.
Set radio channel
Channel: 8
next
>> set
Storing radio
parameters
C
-Radio settingsBack...
>> Set radio channel
Set network ID
5. If you want to cancel Press A to select Cancel and then press C to return to the Radio Settings menu.
6. To return to the Setup menu Press A to scroll to Back and then press C.
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4 – Set up
Set Network ID
1. Press A to scroll to Radio settings and then press C.
2. Press A to scroll to Set network ID and then press C.
- Setup Exit (to level)
Security
>> Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
-Radio settingsBack...
Set radio channel
>> Set network ID
C
3. To change the network ID number press A to select Next and then press C to change the channel number in the display. Note – a short press on the enter key will increment the network ID in increments of 1, pressing and holding the enter key, will increment the network ID in steps of 10.
Network ID range 0‐255
Set network ID
Network ID: 100
>> next
set
For
example
1
long press
and
5
short press
Set network ID
Network ID: 100
>> next
set
C
4. When you have found the network ID number of your choice press A to select Set and then press C to store this network ID number. You will then be returned to the Radio Settings menu.
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4 – Set up
Set network ID
Network ID: 115
next
>> set
Storing radio
parameters
C
-Radio settingsBack...
Set radio channel
>> Set network ID
5. If you want to cancel Press A to select Cancel and then press C to return to the Radio Settings menu.
6. To return to the Setup menu Press A to scroll to Back and then press C.
Bluetooth® Device Settings
The instrument are equipped with Bluetooth wireless technology for cable free operations. The Bluetooth device antenna is located directly beneath the controller attachment plate in the face 1 position. In order to facilitate communications between a TSC3 controller or Tablet computer and the instrument, first enable the Bluetooth wireless technology option in the instrument. This is carried out as follows.
C
CAUTION – Before starting the Bluetooth device, make sure that the regulations of the country that you are working in allows the use of Bluetooth wireless technology.
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4 – Set up
1. Press A to scroll to Bluetooth settings then press C.
- Setup Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
>>Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
Bluetooth dev. is off
C
Set mode: off
>> next
set
2. To change the Bluetooth device setting press A to select Next and then press C to select on or off
Bluetooth dev. is off
Bluetooth dev. is on
Set mode: off
>> next
set
C
Set mode: on
>> next
set
3. When you have found the setting of your choice press A to select Set and then press C to store this setting. You will then be returned to the setup menu.
Bluetooth dev. is on
Set mode: on
next
>> set
C
- Setup Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
>> Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
4. If you want to cancel Press A to select Cancel and then press C to return to the setup menu.
Note – At delivery the Bluetooth device is by default in off mode. Any change to this setting made by an operator will become the default setting until changed again.
Note – To reduce power consumption and extend operation time, Trimble recommends that the Bluetooth device is switched off when not in use.
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4 – Set up
Reference HA
1. Press A to scroll to Reference HA and then press C.
- Setup Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
>> Reference HA
Aim at target
C
Cancel
OK
2. Aim the instrument in face 2 towards the target and then press enter C to set or b to cancel.
Since the instrument is aimed at the reference target in face 2 while setting the reference HA, the instruments horizontal circle will be set to 180 degrees or 200 grads. This makes the reference HA 0 degrees or grads in face 1.
The Setup menu appears.
Adjustments Menu
The adjustments menu contains all the instrument collimation and calibration routines.
• Press A to scroll to Adjustments and then press C.
- Setup Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
>> Adjustments
-Adjustments>> Back...
Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
C
Compensator Calibration
To calibrate the compensator, the instrument needs to be in perfect balance. After calibration the compensator sensor will automatically adjust and allow for changes in that balance caused by the presence of a Trimble CU controller or the absence of an internal battery.
To minimize imbalance in the instrument:
• Do not have the Trimble CU mounted on the instrument.
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4 – Set up
• An internal battery must be present in the battery compartment.
• The instrument handle must be attached.
• The instrument will automatically position the telescope and distance unit for best balance.
To start the compensator calibration:
1. Level the instrument. The instrument will automatically check if the compensator is within range before the calibration is started.
2. Press A to scroll to Compensator calib. and then press C.
3. Follow the instructions in the display. Figure 4.3.
Note – Trimble recommends that you regularly carry out a compensator calibration, particularly when measuring during high temperature variations and where the highest measurement accuracy is required.
The calibration process involves the instrument automatically reading the compensator value at a series of predetermined positions through the full rotation of the instrument. The process takes approximately one minute to complete. During the process the instrument should be on a stable platform, free from vibration and untouched by the user.
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4 – Set up
-AdjustmentsBack...
>> Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
Ensure instrument
handle is installed.
C
Next
C
Compensation
complete!
Ensure control unit is
not installed.
Next
C
Compensating...
Figure 4.3
Balancing...
Compensator calibration routine
HA/VA Collimation and Trunnion Axis Tilt
The instrument utilizes precise angle and distance measurements to determine the position of the point being measured. The instruments design facilitates the ability to measure all points with a single pointing to the target in the face 1 position. All electronic total stations are subject to collimation errors in both the horizontal and vertical angle measuring systems, and also errors caused by the axis of the telescope not being truly perpendicular to the vertical of the instrument.
In order to compensate for these errors, the collimation routine allows the operator to accurately determine the current errors in the instrument, and store the errors as corrections to be applied to all measurements made in a single pointing to a target. In this way the instrument will always provide accurate measurements:
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4 – Set up
The Collimation errors and Trunnion axis tilt will change over time, the most common changes being caused by
• Wear and tear with use
• Bumps and knocks during transit
• Large changes in operating temperature
Trimble recommends that a collimation check and tilt axis check be carried out routinely as follows:
• After any long uncontrolled transport of the instrument (e.g. after service or shipment to a new location)
• After any accidental knock or drop
• At any time when the operating temperature changes by more than 10°C (18°F)
• At any time when the instrument changes it's height above sea level by more than 500m (1640 Feet)
• At any time when the highest accuracy positions are required
• Routinely on a periodic basis (Monthly, weekly etc.)
Trimble also recommends that the operator keep a record of the dates and values measured so that any gross changes can easily be detected. Gross changes can indicate the need for a check by an approved service center.
The adjustment of the instrument for HA/VA collimation and Trunnion Axis tilt is a two stage process.
The Horizontal and Vertical collimation and the trunnion axis tilt correction have been measured and stored in the instrument at the factory.
In all calibrations, multiple sightings will be made in both faces to ensure that any minor pointing errors can be eliminated in the accurate determination of current collimation error values.
In a new instrument the values should be close to zero, over time these will change. The instrument allows a maximum value of 0.05 grads (0.045 degrees) in the HA, VA and Trunnion axis tilt values. If these values are exceeded, the instrument will need service to rectify a mechanical problem.
1. Press A to scroll to HA/VA collimation and then press C.
-AdjustmentsBack...
Compensator calib.
>> HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
-Current valuesHA: 0.0010
VA: 0.0012
C
>> Continue
Cancel
The current collimation values appear.
2. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– Continue Then press C to continue the HA/VA collimation test.
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4 – Set up
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the Adjustments menu.
Aim on target
>> New observation
Change face
Face-1 obs: 0
Face-2 obs: 0
C
>> New observation
Change face
If you select Continue:
3. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– New observation. Then press C to continue the HA/VA collimation test.
– Change face. Then press C to change between face 1 and 2.
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the Adjustments menu.
If you select New observation:
a. Aim accurately in face 2 towards a point near the horizon at max. ±5 grads (± 4.5 degrees) to the horizontal and at a minimum distance of 100 m (328 ft.).
b. Press A to scroll to New observation. Then Press C to measure and record angles
c. Re sight the instrument at the same point and press the enter key again. Repeat this process for a minimum of 5 sightings in face 2.
d. Press A to scroll to Change face. Then press C to change to face 1.
e. Aim accurately towards the same point as that used in face 2.
f.
Press A to scroll to New observation. Then Press C to measure and record angles
g. Re sight the instrument at the same point and press the enter key again. Repeat this process for the same number of times as in face 2.
As observations are made on the first face (either face 1 or face 2), the angle values are stored and the counter increases. When one or more observations have been taken on each face, and the number of observations on each face are the same, the software calculates and displays the new horizontal and vertical collimation values.
4. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– Trunnion coll. Then press C to continue to Trunnion collimation.
– Store correction. Then press C to accept and store the new collimation values.
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the adjustments menu.
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4 – Set up
-Current valuesHA: 0.0010
VA: 0.0012
Face-1 obs: 5
Face-2 obs: 5
>> New observation
Change face
Trunnion coll.
>>Store correction
Select Trunnion coll. to continue with trunnion axis tilt collimation.
5. Press A to scroll to Trunnion coll. Then press C to continue the Trunnion axis tilt test. -Current valuesHA: 0.0010
VA: 0.0012
>>Trunnion coll.
Store correction
Aim on target
C
Face-1 obs: 0
Face-2 obs: 0
>> New observation
Change face
>> New observation
Change face
Face-1 obs: 5
Face-2 obs: 5
C
>> New observation
Change face
6. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– New observation. Then press C to continue the trunnion axis tilt test.
– Change face. Then press C to change face.
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the adjustments menu.
If you select New observation the number of observations in both faces appears:
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4 – Set up
a. Aim accurately in face 2 towards a point at least 15 grads (13.5 degrees) above or below the point where the collimation test was made at a minimum distance of 30 m (66 ft.).
b. Press C to measure and record angles.
c. Press A to scroll to Change face. Then press C to change face.
d. Aim accurately towards the point.
e. Press C to measure and record angles.
As observations are made on the first face (either face 1 or face 2), the angle values are stored and the observation counter increases. When one or more observations has been taken on each face, and the number of observations on each face are the same, the software calculates and displays the new trunnion axis tilt value.
-Current valuesTrunnion: 0.0003
>>Store correction
Cancel
C
-AdjustmentsBack...
Compensator calib.
>> HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
7. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– Store correction. Then press C to accept the new trunnion axis tilt value. The Adjustments menu appears.
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the Adjustments menu.
Note – The instrument will prohibit a trunnion axis tilt test if it is made towards a point with an angle less than 15 grads (13.5 degrees) from the point where the collimation test was made. The trunnion axis tilt determination accuracy will improve with a steeper angle towards the measured point. The minimum distance for the trunnion axis tilt measurement is 30 m (66 ft.).
Note – If the trunnion axis tilt correction value is greater than 0.05 grads (0.045 degrees), the message Fail Remeasure? appears. Press Yes and then repeat the measurement procedure. If the value is greater than 0.05 grads (0.045 degrees) and you answer No to the re measurement message, the instrument uses the correction value previously stored in the instrument. If the value is greater than 0.05grads (0.045 degrees), then the instrument must be mechanically adjusted at the nearest authorized Trimble service center.
Autolock Collimation
The instrument tracker unit is designed to be coaxial with the instrument cross hairs. If for any reason the alignment of the tracker deviates from the line of the telescope cross hairs, then errors in position of the point being measured would result. For this reason an Autolock collimation check needs to be carried out on a regular basis (under the same conditions as the HA/VA collimation check) to ensure that any slight misalignment is corrected for. TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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4 – Set up
Perform the test over a similar distance as that you will be working on, but at least 100 m. The prism target must be very still during the test (Trimble recommends that you use a tripod or bi‐pod mount for the target) and must be in clear line of sight without any obstructing traffic. The instrument is calibrated to accurately point at the center of the target in both horizontal and vertical axes. The calibration is used to correct the positions of all points measured using the Autolock function. The measured calibration values are stored and used until a new set of calibration values are determined.
Note – The adjustment between the two optical axes, i.e. the Telescope and the Tracker, may differ. See Aiming on page 79
1. Press A to scroll to Tracker collim then press C.
-AdjustmentsBack...
Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
>> Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
-Current valuesHA: 0.0010
VA: 0.0012
C
>>Continue
Cancel
2. Accurately aim towards a prism.
3. Press A to scroll to New observation and then press C. -Current valuesHA: 0.0010
VA: 0.0012
Aim at target
>> New observation
Change face
C
>>Store correction
Cancel
4. The instrument will measure to the target in both faces automatically and then display the current values.
5. Press A to scroll to one of the following:
– Store correction. Then press C to save the correction values.
– Cancel. Then press C to return to the Adjustments menu
6. Once the instrument has stored the correction values, the Adjustments menu appears.
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4 – Set up
Laser Pointer
The laser pointer is a visible laser that is emitted from the telescope along the line of sight. The laser is used to visibly indicate the point being measured, and is especially useful when employing the DR reflectorless EDM for measurement. The laser pointer is clearly visible in areas of shadow, inside buildings and tunnels and also at night, however in bright sunshine it is generally not readily visible with the human eye.
The following controls allow the laser pointer to be switched On and Off.
Note – The laser pointer is mechanically aligned to the telescope cross hairs. The laser may require periodic adjustment to keep it perfectly aligned for measurement. In order to adjust the laser pointer it has to be switched On, see page 4‐54
1. Press A to scroll to Laser pointer then press C.
-AdjustmentsBack...
Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
>> Laser pointer
Set laser pointer
Set mode: Off
C
>> Next
Set
2. To change the laser pointer setting press A to select Next and then press C to select On or Off
Set laser pointer
Set laser pointer
Set mode: Off
>> Next
Set
Set mode: On
C
>> Next
Set
3. When you have found the setting of your choice press A to select Set and then press C to store this setting. You will then be returned to the Adjustments menu.
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4 – Set up
Set laser pointer
Set mode: Off
Next
>> Set
-AdjustmentsBack...
C
Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
>> Laser pointer
4. If you want to cancel Press A to select Cancel and then press C to return to the Adjustments
menu.
With the laser pointer on, you can adjust the beam, For more information, see The Laser Pointer, page 54. Autofocus calibration
The instrument is equipped with an autofocus function. Before you can start using the autofocus, the function needs to be calibrated.
To start the calibration
1. Remove the CU from the instrument
2. Level the instrument. The instrument will automatically check if the compensator is within range before the calibration is started.
3. Press a to scroll to Autofocus calib and press c
-AdjustmentsCompensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
>> Autofocus calib
c
Aim at Prism and
focus manually
(Dist > 500m)
4. Aim and manually focus at a target at a distance of at least 500 meters Then press c.
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4 – Set up
Calibrating
Calibration completed
successfully
Back
1. To return to the Setup menu, press A to scroll to Back... and then press C.
-Adjustments>> Back...
Compensator calib.
HA/VA collimation
Tracker collim.
Laser pointer
- Setup-
C
Radio settings
Bluetooth device
Reference HA
>> Adjustments...
Firmware version
Firmware Version Information
1. Press A to scroll to Firmware version and then press C. The instrument firmware version appears on the screen. The program will return automatically to the Setup menu.
- Setup Radio settings
Bluetooth device
Reference HA
Adjustments...
>> Firmware version
version: RX.X.X
C
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4 – Set up
Service Info
In the Service info menu it is possible to see the date for the next recommended service occasion or how many run time hours the instrument have left before service is recommended.
1. Press A to scroll to Service info and then press C. The instrument service info appears on the screen. The program will return automatically to the Setup menu.
- Setup Bluetooth device
Reference HA
Adjustments...
Firmware version
>> Service info
Next service date
2016-03-25
or
in242 Hours
C
Select Language
In the Select language it is possible to select the language for the Face 2 display.
1. Press A to scroll to Select language and then press C.
2. Press A to scroll through the available languages.
3. Press C to set language.
- Setup Reference HA
Adjustments
Firmware version
Service info
>> Select language
- Language Menu -
C
Language: ENG
cancel
next
set
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4 – Set up
Exit Menu
1. To exit the Setup menu press A to scroll to Exit (to level) and then press C. The electronic level appears.
- Setup >> Exit (to level)
Security
Radio settings
Bluetooth settings
Reference HA
1:250
C
Exit
Setup
Note – If the instrument is left idle for more than 300 seconds (5 minutes) during any of the above routines, then the instrument goes to suspend mode.
The Laser Pointer
The S9 HP Total Station uses a red laser beam to measure and as a laser pointer. The laser pointer is coaxial with the line of sight of the telescope. If the instrument is well adjusted, the red laser pointer coincides with the line of sight. External influences such as shock or large temperature fluctuations can displace the red laser pointer relative to the line of sight. The Trimble S9 High Precision can be equipped with an optional Class 3R High Power Laser Pointer. This laser pointer is not coaxial with the telescope’s line of sight. For it’s location, see Figure 3.9
Aligning the Laser Pointer
Note – The optional High Power Laser on the S9 High Precision instrument is not adjustable.
C
CAUTION – Viewing the laser spot on the adjustment target through the telescope is safe. Do not try to make the adjustment using a prism, the reflected light from a prism can be dazing.
C
CAUTION – Do not use the laser pointer as an aid when searching for prisms, the reflected light can daze your eyes. The reflected light will not damage your eyes, but might be uncomfortable.
To avoid faulty measurements when using the laser pointer for aiming, use the supplied adjustment target to check the laser alignment regularly and before you attempt precise distance measurements:
1. Setup the adjustment target 25–50 meter away, facing the instrument.
2. Aim the instrument to the center of the target plate and then inspect the position of the red laser spot in relation to the telescope cross‐hairs.
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4 – Set up
3. If the red laser spot lies outside the cross‐hairs, adjust the direction of the beam until it matches the cross‐hairs, see Figure 4.4
Figure 4.4
Adjustment target with reflective foil for Trimble S9 HP Total Station
Adjusting the Laser Pointer
1. Pull out the two plugs from the adjustment screw access holes on top of the telescope housing. Figure 4.5
Access hole
for horizontal
adjustment
Access hole
for vertical
adjustment
Figure 4.5
Access holes for the Laser pointer adjustment screws
2. To correct the vertical position of the laser spot, insert the Allen key into the access hole for the vertical adjustment screw and turn it as shown in figure 4.6.
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4 – Set up
Clockwise = Down
Counter clockwise = Up
Figure 4.6
Laser pointer vertical position adjustment
3. To correct the horizontal position of the laser spot, insert the Allen key into the horizontal adjustment port and turn it as shown in Figure 4.7.
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Clockwise = Left
Counter Clockwise = Right
Figure 4.7
Laser pointer Horizontal position adjustment
4. Check the alignment of the laser spot and the cross‐hairs. Throughout the adjustment procedure, keep the telescope pointing to the adjustment target. The adjusting screws are of a high tension because they are self locking. The screws tighten automatically after you adjust them.
5. Refit the plugs in the adjustment holes. Make sure that the plugs are correctly fitted for proper sealing against the cover.
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CAUTION – To keep out moisture and dust, make sure that the plugs are correctly fitted in the adjustment ports.
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Measuring the Instrument Height
There are two measurement marks on the side of the instrument. The top mark corresponds to the trunnion axis of the instrument. The bottom mark is 0.158 m (0.518 ft.) below the top mark. Measure the bottom mark to the top ridge of the mark. Figure 4.8
Top mark
Top ridge of
bottom mark
Bottom mark
Figure 4.8
Instrument height marks
When there is a Trimble CU or TSC3 attached running a field application software, the software has additional functions that reduce the bottom mark measurement to the required vertical instrument height to the trunnion axis, see Figure 4.9 and the following paragraph.
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0.158m
(0.518ft)
Hm
Figure 4.9
Hc
Ih
Instrument height measurement
The measured distance (Hm) is corrected for the slope of the measurement to obtain a vertical measurement to the bottom mark (Hc). The constant from the bottom mark to the top mark (0.158 m/0.518 ft.) is added to the Hc to obtain the vertical instrument height from the ground mark to the trunnion axis (Ih). For more information, refer to the field software documentation.
Alternatively, to obtain an accurate measurement to the top mark (Ih), you can manually measure the slope distance from the ground to the bottom mark (Hm). To calculate the total instrument height (Ih), insert the measured slope distance (Hm) into the formula below:
2
Ih = 0 158 + Hm – 0 091
2
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Adjusting the Optical Plummet
1. Set up the instrument and level it over a ground mark so that the tripod height is 1.5 m (±0.1 m) (4.920 ft. (±0.328 ft.)). Figure 4.10
2. Note the position of the inner circle of the optical plummet in relation to the ground mark.
3. Turn the instrument 200 grads (180 degrees).
4. Note the position of the inner circle of the optical plummet in relation to the ground mark. If the inner circle of the optical plummet reticule moves in relation to the ground mark, you must adjust the plummet reticule location.
5. Adjust out half of the error with the four adjustments screws on the optical plummet.
6. Turn the instrument 200 grads (180 degrees).
7. If there is no movement between the inner circle of the optical plummet reticle in relation to the ground mark, no further adjustment is needed.
C
CAUTION – When adjusting the optical plummet with the four adjustment screws it is important that the screws are correctly adjusted. When one screw is adjusted the opposite screw must be adjusted equally in the reverse direction, in order to keep the correct tension on the optics. Do not over tighten the screws, this might damage the optics.
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Optical plummet
reticule 4x Adjustment screws
Ground mark
Figure 4.10 Optical plummet adjustment
Pre Measurement Check List
Before you begin measurement or stake out operations, check the following items:
• Lenses are clean
• Instrument is correctly leveled
• Collimation error • Tracker collimation error (if the instrument is equipped with Autolock capability)
• Trunnion axis tilt
• Correct radio channel is selected (robotic measurements only)
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• Laser Pointer beam alignment
• Measure instrument height
• Allow sufficient time for the instrument to adjust to the ambient temperature, see page 29
Connecting a Controller
To perform surveying with the instrument a controller must be connected to the instrument running a field software.
Trimble CU Controller
The Trimble CU controller (TCU) can be used as a controller for the instrument.
The TCU can use different methods to communicate with the instrument:
• Attached to the attachment on the instrument (A).
• Bluetooth® wireless technology, when attached to Robotic Holder or Docking Station (B).
• Radio, with robotic instruments when attached to Robotic holder (C).
Figure 4.11 Connecting the TCU to the instrument
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Attaching the TCU to the Instrument
1. Hook the top of the TCU over the top edge of the panel attachment, Figure 4.12
Figure 4.12 Attaching the TCU to the instrument
2. Push the bottom of the TCU toward the panel attachment until it clicks into place, Figure 4.13
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(((Click)))
Figure 4.13 Attaching the TCU
Detaching the TCU
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CAUTION – When the TCU is removed from the instrument it is recommended to have the TCU in suspend or off mode. To remove the Trimble CU from the instrument when in on mode will not damage the equipment, but files that are being saved or written to when the TCU is being removed might be damaged or lost.
1. Push the lock release button on the bottom of the TCU, Figure 4.14 (1)
2. Lift the bottom of the TCU away from the instrument, Figure 4.14 (2)
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Push to unlock
Figure 4.14 Detaching the TCU
3. Unhook the top of the TCU from the top edge of the panel attachment and remove the TCU from the instrument, Figure 4.15
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Figure 4.15 Detaching the TCU
Note – When a Trimble CU Controller is not attached to the instrument the Panel Attachment Cover P/N 50014012 should be attached for full ESD protection and to protect the connectors from mechanical damage and corrosion. See ESD Information on page VII
Connecting With Bluetooth® Wireless Technology
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CAUTION – Before activating the Bluetooth device, make sure that the local regulations allows the use of Bluetooth wireless technology.
The TCU has integrated Bluetooth wireless technology. Refer to the field software documentation regarding how to activate and set up the TCU Bluetooth device.
The TCU must be attached to a Robotic Holder for power supply. To set up the Robotic Holder, See Trimble Robotic Holder on page 100
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Connecting with Radio
A robotic instrument is equipped with a radio that can communicate with the TCU through the radio in a Robotic Holder. The TCU must be attached to a Robotic holder for power supply and connection to a radio.
The two radios must be set to the same channel to be able to establish communication. The radio channel for the instrument radio can be set in the following ways:
• In the face 2 panel, see page 4‐37
• In the TCU field software when the TCU is attached to the instrument attachment, see page 4‐63
Trimble TSC3 Controller
The Trimble TSC3 controller (TSC3) can be used as a controller for the instrument.
The TSC3 can use different methods to communicate with the instrument:
• Cable connected to the instrument (A).
• Bluetooth® wireless technology (B).
• Radio, with robotic instruments (C).
USB Port
Figure 4.16 Connecting the TSC3 to the instrument
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Connecting With Cable
The TSC3 is connected from the instrument com port to the USB connector on the TSC3 using cable part number 73840001.
Connecting With Bluetooth® Wireless Technology
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CAUTION – Before starting the Bluetooth device, make sure that the local regulations allows the use of Bluetooth wireless technology.
The TSC3 has integrated Bluetooth wireless technology. Refer to the field software documentation regarding how to activate and set up the TSC3 Bluetooth device.
Connecting with Radio
A robotic instrument is equipped with a radio that can communicate with the TSC3 through the integrated radio.
The radios must be set to the same channel to be able to establish communication. The radio channel for the instrument radio can be set in the following ways:
• In the face 2 panel, see page 4‐37
• In the TSC3 field software when the TSC3 is connected to the instrument with a cable, see Figure 4.16
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CHAPTER
5
Instrument Technology
5
In this chapter:

Angle Measuring Technology

Distance Measuring Technology

Autolock Technology

Tracklight

Locate2Protect Technology

Servo Technology

Power Management

External Communication
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Angle Measuring Technology
The principles of angle measurement are based on reading an integrated signal over two opposite areas of the angle sensor and producing a mean angular value. This eliminates inaccuracies caused by eccentricity and graduation.
In addition, the angle measurement system compensates for the following automatic corrections:
• Instrument mislevelment (deviation of the plumb axis).
• Horizontal and vertical collimation error.
• Trunnion axis tilt. See page 71
Correction for Mislevelment
The instrument automatically corrects for mislevelments up to ±6 ’. The instrument warns the operator immediately of any mislevelments in excess of ±6 ’(±0.11 grads).
The instrument also utilizes SurePoint™ accuracy assurance technology to automatically correct the pointing of the telescope for all mislevelment and trunnion axis errors in real time during operation.
Corrections for the horizontal angle, vertical angle, and slope distance are calculated in the field application software and applied to all measurements.
Correction for Collimation Errors
The horizontal collimation error is the deviation of the sighting axis from its required position at right angles to trunnion axis. The vertical collimation error is the difference between the vertical circle zero and the plumb axis of the instrument.
Traditionally, collimation errors were eliminated by observing angles in both instrument faces. In the Trimble S9 HP Total Station, a pre‐measurement collimation test is performed to determine the collimation errors. Angular measurements are observed in both instrument faces, the collimation errors are calculated, and the respective correction values are stored in the instrument. The collimation correction values are then applied to all subsequent angle measurements. Angles observed in a single face are corrected for collimation errors, which eliminates the need to measure in both instrument faces.
Carry out a collimation test in the following situations:
• Whenever the instrument may have been roughly handled during transport.
• When the ambient temperature differs by more than 10°C (18°F) from the previous collimation test.
• Immediately prior to high precision angle measurements in one face.
Trimble S9 HP Total Station With Autolock technology
A Trimble S9 HP Total Station contains with Autolock technology that can automatically lock on to and track a prism and or active target. Pointing errors caused by slight misalignment of the instruments tracker have a similar effect to the HA and VA Collimation errors detailed above.
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To correct for the tracker collimation errors, carry out an Autolock collimation test. The Autolock collimation test automatically observes angular measurements to a target in both faces, the tracker collimation errors are calculated and the respective correction values are stored in the instrument. The Autolock collimation correction values are then applied to all subsequent angle measurements observed when Autolock is enabled. Angles observed in a single face are corrected for collimation errors, which removes the need to measure in both instrument faces.
Carry out an Autolock collimation test in the following situations:
• Whenever the instrument may have been roughly handled during transport.
• When the ambient temperature differs by more than 10°C (18°F) from the previous collimation test.
• Immediately prior to high precision angle measurements using Autolock in a single face.
Correction for Trunnion Axis Tilt
The trunnion axis tilt error is the deviation of the trunnion axis of the telescope from its required position at right angles to the plumb axis of the instrument. See Figure 5.1
Trunnion axis
tilt error
Figure 5.1
Trunnion axis tilt error
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In the instrument, perform a pre‐measurement trunnion axis tilt test to determine the trunnion axis tilt error. Angular measurements are observed in both instrument faces, the trunnion axis tilt error is calculated, and the respective correction value is stored in the instrument. The trunnion axis tilt correction value is then applied to a correction to the horizontal angle value and an automatic repointing of the telescope using Surepoint technology.
Carry out a trunnion axis tilt test in the following situations:
• Whenever the instrument may have been roughly handled during transport.
• When the ambient temperature differs by more than 10°C (18°F) from the previous collimation test.
• Immediately prior to high precision angle measurements in one face, especially where the vertical angles significantly deviate from the horizontal plane.
Averaging Measurements to Reduce Sighting Errors
The instrument automatically reduces sighting errors caused by the misalignment of the instrument to the target or by pole movement during measurement. The following techniques can be used:
• Use Autolock. When Autolock is enabled, the instrument automatically locks onto and tracks the target. Manual sighting errors are reduced.
• Automatically average angles during distance measurement. When measuring in Standard mode, the instrument takes approximately 1.2seconds to measure the distance. Angles returned to the instrument at 1000 Hz, are averaged over the 1.2‐second period to obtain an averaged angle measurement. The resultant angle measurement is an average of over 1200 observations.
• Use average measurement methods in the field software.
Distance Measuring Technology
The instruments are equipped with a combined distance unit. This means that the instrument can measure to a prism or to normal surfaces (direct reflex (DR) mode).
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station’s EDM is a laser distance unit based on the phase comparison method. The distance unit is coaxial with the line of sight and transmits an intensity modulated optical measuring beam that is reflected by a prism or scattered by a natural surface on which the beam is directed. The phase difference between the transmitted light and the reflected received light is detected and represents the distance.
In prism‐mode, the High Precision unit operates as a fast and precise long‐range distance meter. In DR‐mode, the High Precision unit transmits a collimated visible red laser beam to the target point and then calculates the distance between the transmitted and the received light.
The DR Standard distance unit software will detect erroneous single distance measurements such as those caused by an obstruction passing through the measurement beam, and will ignore such readings in the computation of the final distance.
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Beam Divergence
All distance meter measurement beams diverge as the range from the instrument increases. The divergence of the distance meter beam relates to an increase in the size of the area being sampled, not to a degradation of the measurement precision. See Figure 5.2
Figure 5.2
Beam divergence
A larger measuring area at longer range is generally better because it enables smaller objects, such as power lines and antennas, to be detected and accurately measured. With a smaller measuring area, these small objects can be easily missed. A smaller measuring area has advantages when measuring tight corners and vertices at close range. When observing measurements to a tight corner, TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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the distance meter beam divergence introduces a range error caused by the size of the sampling area. See Figure 5.3
Measured
distance
Required
distance
Required
distance
Figure 5.3
Measure
distance
Measuring to an inner and an outer corner Although the problem is reduced with a beam that uses a smaller measuring area, the error can not be completely eliminated. The most accurate solution to measure to tight corners and eliminates errors caused by beam divergence, is to use an offset measurement method such as that used in the field application software: 1. Measure two points on the face of the building.
2. Aim the instrument at the corner to store the correct horizontal and vertical angle. See Figure 5.4
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Point 1
Figure 5.4
Point 2
Point 3
Offset measurement
With offset measurements, you can accurately measure difficult locations with DR instruments, and eliminate beam divergence errors. For more information, refer to the field application software documentation.
Autolock Technology
The instrument is equipped with Autolock technology, which is used for a robotic or a conventional measurement with Autolock.
Autolock technology controls the instrument servos and aims the instrument correctly towards the target. See Figure 5.5
B
Tip – To assure maximum performance from the Autolock technology keep the lens clean and dry.
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Figure 5.5
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station Autolock function.
The instrument can lock onto and track a target in two different modes depending on the type of target.
Passive mode:
In passive mode the instrument can lock onto and track a prism.
SplitVision:
When a Target ID is added to a prism the instrument will lock onto and track the active Target ID horizontally and the passive prism vertically.
Selection of the appropriate mode can be made via the field software interface while selecting the 360 target with Target ID prism type.
Note – Make sure to select the correct target in the field software to ensure correct lock and tracking of the target.
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CAUTION – For precision measurements, when using the 360 degree prism, it is important to turn the prism, so that one of the prisms is pointed at the instrument.
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FineLock™ Technology
The Trimble S9 HP Total Station is equipped with FineLock™ technology. Similar to Autolock, FineLock technology is used to automatically aim the instrument towards a target, however in FineLock mode the instrument uses a much narrower field of view when aiming at a target. This is especially useful in engineering applications such as monitoring and tunneling where multiple targets with very tight spacing are used.
FineLock technology enables the Trimble S9 HP total station to distinguish between and measure to targets that are placed very close together. Some guidelines for target spacing are in the following table.
Range (d)
Minimum Target Spacing
25 m
0,1 m
100 m
0.4 m
200 m
0.8 m
300 m
1,2 m
400 m
1.6 m
500 m
2,0 m
To avoid disturbances it is recommended that FineLock mode is not used for distances shorter than 25 m when two prisms at different distances are in the field of view, see figure 5.6. The prism to be measured (prism 1 in the figure) must be between d and 2d and the angle between both prisms > 0,25 gon (4 mrad).
FineLock is designed for measurements to static targets. It cannot be used to track a moving target such as a robotic rod.
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Prism 1
Prism 2
Target spacing
> 4 mrad = 0,25 gon
d
d
FineLock mode
Figure 5.6
2d
FineLock mode with 2 prisms in
the field of view, but at different
distances.
Measuring in FineLock mode
Long Range FineLock.
Long Range FineLock available on some models of Trimble S9 HP Total Stations works in the same way as FineLock, but uses a second transmitter with a narrow beam, see figure 3.9. The intensity of this beam is much higher, which makes it possible to measure and distinguish between targets at long distances. The Long Range FineLock is to be used for monitoring applications and static targets. Due to the geometry of the Long Range FineLock it is necessary to always measure in 2 face mode. In the following table you will find some guide lines for target spacing.
Range (d)
Minimum Target Spacing
250 m
1,0 m
800 m
3,2 m
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Range (d)
Minimum Target Spacing
1500 m
6,0 m
2500 m
10,0 m
Aiming
The adjustment between the two optical axes, the telescope and the tracker, may differ. The difference will make it seem like the instrument does not point towards the center of the prism, when using Autolock, figure 5.7. This is not a problem since the two axis have their own separate collimation data. It is however important to make collimation test for both axes.
Manual aiming
Figure 5.7
Autolock
Difference between aiming manually and Autolock
How to Check Aiming
You can check how well the instrument is calibrated by measuring toward the prism with and without Autolock and compare the measured angles:
1. Aim manually at a prism and read out the horizontal and vertical angles.
2. Turn on Autolock and let the instrument lock on to the same prism automatically, read out the horizontal and vertical angles.
3. Compare the angles between manual and Autolock aiming.
If the difference between the read out angles is significant, you should carry out both a horizontal and vertical angle collimation adjustment, and a tracker collimation adjustment.
Tracklight
Some of the instrument models are equipped with Tracklight®. Tracklight is a visible guide light that enables the rod holder to position themselves into the instruments current line of sight. The Tracklight can be used during stakeout in all operational modes, and is also of great benefit when operating in robotic mode as a means of checking that the instrument is tracking, or when trying to reacquire lock by walking into the sight line of the tracker, or using the remote joystick control in robotic mode. Tracklight consists of a flashing two‐colored light, with each color lying in its own TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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lateral projection sector. If the rod holder is to the left of the measuring beam, they will see a red flashing light; if they are to the right, they will see a green flashing light. See Figure 5.8
Figure 5.8
Tracklight
B
Tip – You can use the Tracklight for clearing sight lines and as an aid to find prisms in the dark or unfavorable sighting conditions.
C
CAUTION – Do not use the laser pointer as an aid when searching for prisms, the reflected light can dazzle your eyes. The reflected light will not damage your eyes, but might be uncomfortable.
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Locate2Protect Technology
The instrument is equipped with Locate2Protect (L2P) technology.
Note – The L2P module is not activated when delivered from factory. Contact your local service provider to get the L2P module activated. With the L2P module activated it is possible to track the location of the instrument in real‐time with the web based service Trimble® InSphere™ Equipment Manager.
Apart from knowing where the instrument is located, it is also possible to receive alerts if the instrument leaves a user definable geo fence area and/or if the instrument is subjected to shock or abuse.
The L2P module determines the location of the instrument with a GPS receiver. If the instrument is placed so that the GPS receiver cannot receive signals from the satellites, e.g. indoors, the L2P module determines the location of the instrument with Assisted GPS (A‐GPS). A‐GPS creates a triangle connection to the nearest cellular towers to determine the location of the instrument.
Airplane Mode
Since the L2P module communicates via cellular technology it is necessary to check local regulations before transporting this instrument by air, see Transport, page VI
C
WARNING – Make sure that the L2P module is inactivated during air transport.
Inactivate L2P Module
With a valid subscription for the L2P module which has been activated through your local service provider it will be possible to activate “Airplane mode” on the L2P module from the Insphere equipment manager web interface.
Without a valid subscription for the L2P module it will not be possible to activate “Airplane mode” on the L2P module from the Insphere equipment manager web interface. In this case you will need to make sure that the internal battery and/or other external power sources are removed from the instrument during transport. If not removed the L2P module will be powered and is able to search for network status and therefore run the risk of violating regulations.
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Servo Technology
The instrument is equipped with servo controlled motors to position the instrument and focus the telescope.
Due to the high speed position servo and the SurePoint technology used in the instrument it is important to use a high quality tripod and tribrach. It is also important to set up the tripod in a position for best stability. If the setup, tripod and/or tribrach is/are unstable the instrument servos might oscillate slightly in an effort to compensate for that instability. An unstable setup that could negatively influence the resulting measurement precision. See Setup on page 28
Position Servo
The Trimble MagDrive™ servo technology is an electromagnetic direct drive system, which gives high turning speeds and accuracy. The frictionless motion removes servo noise and reduces instrument wear. The system provides endless horizontal and vertical motion, including endless fine adjustment. The instrument uses servo when performing a number of different operations such as turning the horizontal and vertical motion knobs, for automatic test and calibration, or when using Autolock technology for robotic surveying. See Figure 5.9
Note – Due to the high speed servo it is important to use a high quality tripod and tribrach.
Up
Down
Vertical motion knob
Right
Left
Horizontal motion knob
Figure 5.9
Position servo
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Focus Servo
The instrument is equipped with a focus servo. The focus motion knob is on the side of the instrument for easy access.
The focus knob is connected to a servo motor that is integrated in the telescope. When you turn the focus motion knob, the servo motor adjusts the focusing lens. See Figure 5.10

Focus motion knob
Figure 5.10 Focus servo
Power Management
The power management in the instrument can set the instrument to one of three different modes.
• Off mode
• On mode
• Suspend mode
Stand Alone
Instrument only, no Trimble CU connected.
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Off Mode
In the off mode the Trigger key LED and face 2 display is off.
Press the Trigger key for 1 second. to turn on the instrument. The instrument will also turn on if you connect a 12 V power supply or data communication cable to the foot connector.
Note – During startup the Trigger key LED will flash once every second.
On Mode
In the on mode the Trigger key LED will be on solid, the face 2 display will be on.
To turn off the instrument press the Trigger key for 3 seconds.
The instrument will go to off mode if the battery is very low (battery capacity less than 2%).
If not used for 300 seconds (5 min.) the instrument will go to Suspend mode.
Suspend Mode
In the suspend mode the Trigger key LED will flash once every other second, the face 2 display will be off.
To turn the instrument on press the Trigger key for 1 second or turn on the instrument from a remote application.
To turn the instrument off press the Trigger key for 3 seconds.
In Suspend mode the instrument will turn off automatically at suspend time out. The suspend time out is set in the Trimble CU operating system.
Instrument with Trimble CU Connected
Off Mode
In the off mode the Trigger key LED and face 2 display is off. The Trimble CU will be off or in suspend mode.
To turn the instrument on press the Trigger key for 1 second or press the Trimble CU power key. The instrument will also turn on if you connect a 12 V power supply or data communication cable to the foot connector.
Note – During startup the Trigger key LED will flash once every second.
On Mode
In the on mode the Trigger key LED will be on solid, the face 2 display will be on. The face 2 display will be controlled by the Trimble CU application program. The attached Trimble CU will be on and the suspend mode back up battery in the Trimble CU will be charging.
To turn off the instrument press the Trigger key for 3 seconds or press the Trimble CU power key. Depending on the settings in the Trimble CU operating system the instrument will turn off or go to suspend mode.
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The instrument will go to suspend mode if the battery is very low (battery capacity less than 2%).
Suspend Mode
In the suspend mode the Trigger key LED will flash once every other second, the face 2 display will be off. The attached Trimble CU will be in suspend mode and the suspend mode back up battery in the Trimble CU will be charging.
To turn the instrument on press the Trigger key for 1 second or press the Trimble CU power key.
To turn the instrument off press the Trigger key for 3 seconds.
This will only turn off the instrument. The Trimble CU will be in suspend mode until suspend time out occurs.
C
CAUTION – When the Trimble CU is removed from the instrument it is recommended to have the Trimble CU in suspend mode. Removing the Trimble CU from the instrument when in on mode will not damage the equipment, but files that are being saved or written to when the Trimble CU is being removed might be damaged or lost.
Battery Low Message
If the battery capacity drops too low, the Bat Low message appears in the Trimble CU display window and the instrument shuts down. You must then change the battery within two hours to prevent loosing instrument parameters and functions such as instrument height, target height, coordinates, bearing, and dual axis compensation. After that time, the system resets all parameters and functions to default values.
Note – This safety backup of the instrument parameters and functions will work only when Bat low appears on the display: it will not function if you remove the battery during operation.
External Communication
Communication (Com) Connector
The communication (COM) Connector on the base of the instrument can be used for external communications to a computer or data collector.
C
CAUTION – Use only the gray cables with 6‐pin Hirose connectors from Trimble when connecting a cable to the instrument.
USB Connector
The USB Connector, on the side of the panel attachment, can be used for communication between an attached TCU and a USB memory.
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USB Connector
Figure 5.11 The USB Connector.
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CHAPTER
6
Instrument Accessories
6
In this chapter:

Trimble Multi Battery Adapter

Trimble Standard Rod

Trimble Target ID

Trimble MultiTrack™ Target

Trimble Active Track 360 Target

Trimble Robotic Holder

Radio

Radio Antenna Extension Kit
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Trimble Multi Battery Adapter
WARNING – Use only the specified battery and cable with the Multi Battery Adapter. Use the C adapter only to provide power to the specified Trimble product. Never attempt to charge batteries while they are in the adapter. Observe the warnings in the battery section of the manual.
The Multi Battery Adapter is an external battery adapter that holds and connects up to three instrument batteries. The Multi Battery Adapter has a hook so that the adapter can be attached to the tripod. See Figure 6.1
Batteries
Battery cradle
Hook
Figure 6.1
Connector
Battery cradle
Multi Battery Adapter
Connecting the Trimble Multi Battery Adapter
The Trimble Multi Battery Adapter can be connected to the instrument with a standard Trimble 6‐pin Hirose battery cable. See Figure 6.2
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CAUTION – Use only the gray cables with 6‐pin Hirose connectors from Trimble when connecting a cable to the instrument and Multi Battery Adapter.
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Power (+12V) connector
Figure 6.2
Connecting the Multi battery Adapter
Trimble Standard Rod
The Trimble standard rod is available with the instrument. The rod contains the following features:
• Graduated scale in meters and feet.
• Fixed target height positions
• 360 ° prism comprising 7x25 mm prisms, prism constant 2 mm
• Leveling bubble
• Target id with mini rod (optional) can be fitted
The integrated mini rod can be easily connected to the standard rod or a conventional rod using the mini pole adapter
The target height from the tip of the mini rod to the center of the prism is 0.115 m (0.377 ft.). TRIMBLE S9 HP TOTAL STATION USER GUIDE
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Trimble Target ID
The target ID is an optional unit that connects to the Trimble standard rod to transform the prism from a passive target to an active target. See Figure 6.3
Figure 6.3
Trimble Target ID
You can configure the target ID to eight different IDs, which are then used by the instrument to ensure that the instrument locks onto and tracks only the target with the correct Target ID. Configure the Target ID through its own LED display. See Figure 6.4
ID number
Selection button
Display
On / Mode button
Figure 6.4
On for 60 seconds
On continuously
Battery low
Battery lid
Target ID controls
Press the power button one or more times to access the following modes:
• On for 60 seconds
• On continuously
• Off
A bar appears beside the active mode.
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When the Target ID is on, the current target ID appears. Press the ID number selection button to change the current target ID number.
The Target ID is powered by two AA size batteries that will operate the unit for approximately 12 hours continuous use. A dot appears beside the battery symbol when battery power is low.
Fitting and Removing the Target ID
1. Screw the adapter and mini rod on to the top of the rod and tighten.
2. Push the Target ID on to the mini rod until it locks in place. The spring lock will hold the Target ID in place.
Removing the Target ID is the reverse operation to fitting.
Mini rod
Spring lock
Adapter
Figure 6.5
Fitting or removing the Target ID.
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LED Information
The Target ID has been tested and complies with the regulations for a Class 1 LED product. See Figure 6.4. See Laser Safety on page III. LED Aperture
Figure 6.6
Target ID LED Aperture
Changing the Batteries in the Target ID
1. Turn the screw securing the battery lid a quarter of a turn counter‐clockwise and then remove the battery lid.
2. Hold the target ID at an angle and let the two used batteries slide out.
3. Insert two new AA size batteries.
4. Fit the battery lid and then secure it by turning the screw a quarter of a turn clockwise. See Figure 6.7
Battery lid
securing screw
Battery lid
Figure 6.7
2x AA Size batteries
Target ID battery change
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Trimble MultiTrack™ Target
The Trimble MultiTrack™ target prism technology provides fully coaxial passive and active tracking via an integrated 360° prism ring and 2 active 360° LED rings. The active LED rings support the selection of a unique ID to ensure that 8 different targets can be operated on a single site with full confidence that the correct target is always used.
Features
Figure 6.8
Trimble MultiTrack Target features
Item
Description
1
Battery compartment
2
Battery locks
3
5/8” Thread
4
Channel select (on/off switch)
5
On/Off and battery low indicator LED
6
Position indicator
7
Circular level
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Measures
Figure 6.9
Trimble MultiTrack Target measures
Fitting and Removing the Battery
To fit the battery, push the battery in to the battery compartment (1) with the battery connectors (2) facing upwards and inwards until the battery locks clicks (3) in place.
To remove the battery, slide the battery locks open (4), The battery can now slide out of the battery compartment (5).
The battery is a Trimble 7.4 V Li‐Ion battery
The Trimble MultiTrack Target will provide active tracking for up to 8 hours from one fully charged battery. When the on/off and battery low indicator LED starts to flash the battery will have approximately 40 minutes operation time remaining.
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Figure 6.10 Fitting and removing battery on a Trimble MultiTrack Target
Specification Label
To read the specification label unscrew the top cap of the target (1).
Note – The accuracy specification for Active mode is valid within 15° from horizontal. For vertical angles outside of this range it is recommended to use passive mode or to use a tiltable target to ensure the most precise results.
Figure 6.11 Location of Trimble MultiTrack Target specification label
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Trimble Active Track 360 Target
The Trimble® Active Track 360 Target is a 360° target for robotic surveying. It is an active target and is designed to be used for robotic measurements.
The Trimble Active Track 360 Target has an integrated 360° active LED ring for tracking and reflective foil for distance measurements.
The Trimble Active Track 360 Target is powered by a Lithium‐Ion battery. For permanent installations, it can also be powered via the connector by using an external power supply. The connector is also used if you need to update the target firmware.
You can select eight unique ID channels from the panel to ensure that the correct target is tracked on a site where multiple targets are used.
The Trimble Active Track 360 Target is equipped with Bluetooth wireless technology.
Built in tilt sensors offers the possibility for e‐Bubble functionality, if supported by the field software.
Features
Figure 6.12 Trimble Active Track 360 Target features
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Measures
The prism constant is:
22 mm
Figure 6.13 Trimble Active Track 360 Target measures
Inserting the battery
When removing the battery cover hold the Active Track 360 Target by the bottom part, not on the protective glass. It is important to keep this glass clean.
Figure 6.14 How to hold the target when opening the battery cover
1. Turn the battery cover to unlock it.
2. Remove the battery cover.
3. Insert the battery with the battery connectors facing downwards.
4. Attach the battery cover.
5. Turn the battery cover to lock it.
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Figure 6.15 Inserting the battery in the Trimble Active Track 360 Target
Turn on the Target
Press the On/Off button to turn on the target. The target will stay powered on until you press the On/Off button to turn the target off or if the battery is drained.
Battery low is indicated by a flashing LED for the currently selected ID channel.
Select ID Channel
Eight different ID channels can be selected for the Active Track 360 Target. When the same ID channel selected on the target is selected in the field software, this target is the only one that the Total Station or Spatial Station will lock on to and track. To select the ID channel, press the ID channel selection button. The ID channel selection steps up one channel for each press from 1 to 8. After ID channel 8 the selection starts again at ID channel 1. It is also possible to select the ID channel from the controller via Bluetooth wireless technology, if supported by the field software.
The selected channel is indicated by an LED.
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Figure 6.16 Trimble Active Track 360 Target control and indication panel
Attach and Detach
To connect to other Trimble survey equipment and accessories, the Active Track 360 Target is equipped with a male 5/8" thread on top of the target and a female 5/8" thread at the bottom of the target.
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CAUTION – Do not tighten or unscrew the Active Track 360 Target by holding the target. Too much force when tightening or unscrewing the Active Track 360 Target might damage the chassis. Use a spanner, adjustable spanner or Key Trimble (Not included), see figure below. Figure 6.17 Attaching and detaching the Trimble Active Track 360 Target.
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Trimble Robotic Holder
The Trimble Robotic Holder holds the Trimble CU when the instrument is operating in robotic mode. See Figure 6.18
COM
+12V
Figure 6.18 Trimble robotic holder with Trimble CU and radio
The Trimble Robotic Holder includes the following features:
• Secure Trimble CU connection with quick release
• Secure battery connection with quick release
• Integrated 2.4 GHz radio
• Rugged ergonomic design with safety bumper to protect the Trimble CU
• Quick release from pole connector
• Two ports for external power supply and external communications (USB)
The battery powers the Trimble CU and radio during robotic operation.
You can use a USB memory with the Trimble Robotic Holder to transfer data between the office and the field or between two field devices. Connect the USB memory through the USB dongle cable to the external communications port on the Trimble Robotic Holder. Use Microsoft® Windows® Explorer to transfer the files from the Trimble CU to the memory.
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CAUTION – Use only the gray cables with 6‐pin Hirose connectors from Trimble when connecting a cable to the Trimble Robotic Holder.
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Power Management
Off Mode
In the off mode the Robotic Holder will be off. The Trimble CU will be off or in suspend mode.
To turn on the Robotic Holder and the Trimble CU press the Trimble CU power key. The Robotic Holder and Trimble CU will also turn on if you connect +12 V or data communication cable to the side connector.
On Mode
In the on mode the Robotic Holder will be on. The attached Trimble CU will be on and the suspend mode back up battery in the Trimble CU will be charging.
To turn off the Robotic Holder and the Trimble CU press the Trimble CU power key. Depending on the settings in the Trimble CU operating system the instrument will turn off or go to suspend mode.
The Robotic Holder and the Trimble CU will go to suspend mode if the battery level is low (battery capacity less than 2%).
Suspend Mode
In the suspend mode the Robotic Holder and the attached Trimble CU will be in suspend mode and the suspend mode back up battery in the Trimble CU will be charging.
To turn on the Robotic Holder and the Trimble CU press the Trimble CU power key.
The Robotic Holder and the Trimble CU will be in suspend mode until suspend time out occurs.
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CAUTION – When the Trimble CU is removed from the Robotic Holder it is recommended to have the Trimble CU in suspend mode. To remove the Trimble CU from the instrument when in on mode will not damage the equipment, but files that are being saved or written to when the Trimble CU is being removed might be damaged or lost.
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Attaching a Battery
1. Fit the battery on to the hooks on the holder (1). 2. Push the battery on to the holder until it clicks into place (2). See Figure 6.19
1
2
Figure 6.19 Attaching a battery to the Trimble Robotic Holder
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Detaching a Battery
1. Pull the battery lock mechanism away from the battery (1).
2. Lift up this side of the battery (2).
3. Remove the battery from the holder (3). See Figure 6.20.
3
2
1
Figure 6.20 Detaching a battery from the Trimble Robotic Holder
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Attaching a Trimble CU
1. Hook the top of the Trimble CU over the top edge of the holder (1). 2. Push the bottom of the Trimble CU towards the holder until it locks in place with a click (2), Figure 6.21.
.
1
2
Figure 6.21 Attach Trimble CU to Trimble Robotic Holder
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Detaching a Trimble CU
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CAUTION – Make sure to switch off the Trimble CU before it is detached from the instrument.
1. Push the lock release button on the bottom of the Trimble CU (1) and lift the bottom of the Trimble CU away from the holder (2).
2. Unhook the top of the Trimble CU from the top edge of the panel attachment and remove the Trimble CU from the holder (3), Figure 6.22.
3
2
1
Figure 6.22 Detach Trimble CU from Trimble Robotic Holder
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Attaching the Trimble Robotic Holder to the Rod
To attach the Trimble Robotic Holder, slide the holder onto the standard rod adapter until the holder locks into place with a click, Figure 6.23.
Figure 6.23 Attaching the Trimble Robotic Holder to the standard rod adapter
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Detaching the Trimble Robotic Holder from the Rod
1. To detach the Trimble Robotic Holder from the rod, pull the release mechanism (1)
2. Slide the holder off the rod bracket (2).
1
2
Figure 6.24 Detach Trimble Robotic Holder from standard rod adapter
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CAUTION – The Trimble CU and Robotic holder are not designed for mounting on a vehicle. For vehicle or ATV always use the TSC3 controller, which has been designed to withstand the shock and vibration conditions associated with that type of use. Mounting the Trimble CU and Robotic holder in these situations is not recommended, and puts your equipment at risk of damage that is not covered by warranty.
Radio
Internal Radio
The instrument has an internal radio to support robotic operations. The internal radio is a 100 mW radio that operates in the public free 2.4 GHz band. The radio uses frequency hopping technology to reduce radio interference and maintain radio communications in even the harshest RF environment.
The instrument radio baud rate is 115200 bps. This high baud rate reduces the measurement latency, which ensures that a measurement viewed at the pole is received 100 msec after the measurement is sent from the instrument.
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To maintain radio communication with the instrument, the Trimble CU at the pole must also be connected to a 2.4 GHz external radio. The radio for the Trimble CU is available as an optional integrated module in the Trimble robotic holder. The radio for the TSC3 is also available as an optional integrated 2.4 GHz radio module.
External Radio 2.4 GHz
An external radio is available as an option for robotic measurements when using a controller not fitted with an internal radio. The External Radio 2.4 GHz uses one 7.4 V Li‐Ion battery as power supply. This will give the radio 15 hours with a 2.4 Ah battery. For technical information see Internal Radio page 107.
Indicator LED
Com port
Battery
Figure 6.25 External radio 2.4 GHz
For information regarding charging of the battery. See Charging the Battery on page 14
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CAUTION – Always remove the battery from the external radio after use.
Attaching the Battery
To fit the battery to the radio:
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1. Fit the battery to the battery holder.
1
Figure 6.26 Fitting battery to external radio
2. Push the battery downwards until the catch clicks in place.
3
2
(((Click)))
Figure 6.27 Fitting battery to external radio
Detaching the Battery
To remove the battery from the radio:
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1. Press the catch towards the radio.
2. Slide the battery upwards.
1
2
Figure 6.28 Removing battery from external radio
3. Pull the battery away from the battery holder
3
Figure 6.29 Removing battery from external radio
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Radio Antenna Extension Kit
For extended radio range it is possible to fit an antenna extension kit to get the radio antenna to a higher position on the rod where it is clear from obstruction by the user or the rod itself. When working at the maximum radio range, this can make a significant difference.
The antenna extension kit consists of:
Item
Description
a
Antenna holder
b
Antenna cable
c
Washer
d
Locking washer
e
Nut
1
2
3
4
5
e
a
d
c
b
Figure 6.30 Fitting the antenna extension kit.
1. Unscrew and remove the top part of the 360° prism.
2. Fit the antenna holder (a) over the thread and re‐fit the top part of the 360° prism.
3. Fit the washer (c) on the antenna cable (b) and fit the antenna cable (b), from underneath, to the antenna holder.
4. Fit the locking washer (d) and nut (e).
5. Fit the antenna on top and connect the antenna cable to the antenna connector on the Trimble Robotic Holder.
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