E-course development and teaching with Moodle 1.9

E-course development and teaching with Moodle 1.9
STUDENT’S BOOK
E-course development and teaching with
Moodle 1.9
This work is licensed under a
Creative Commons AttributionShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.
http://creativecommons.org/license
s/by-sa/3.0
This document has been produced with the
financial assistance of the European Union.
The views expressed herein are those of the
author and can in no way be taken to reflect
the official opinion of the European Union.
The material prepared for ECDL certification
in accordance with Sylabus 5 requirements.
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Table of Contents
Creation and Teaching of E-courses with Moodle _______________________ 4
Overview of E-learning _________________________________________________ 4
E-learning Concepts _________________________________________________________ 4
Overview of E-course Development _____________________________________________ 5
Moodle Basics ________________________________________________________ 5
Moodle Overview ___________________________________________________________ 5
Logging In __________________________________________________________________ 6
User Roles _________________________________________________________________ 6
Course Description __________________________________________________________ 7
Course Settings _____________________________________________________________ 8
Course Formats _____________________________________________________________ 9
Course Editing Mode _________________________________________________________ 9
Course Resources __________________________________________________________ 10
Course Activities ___________________________________________________________ 11
Adding Content ______________________________________________________ 12
Adding Labels _____________________________________________________________ 12
Adding a Text Page to a Course _______________________________________________ 13
Adding a Web Page to a Course _______________________________________________ 14
Window Settings ___________________________________________________________ 15
Files, Directories, Web Pages ___________________________________________ 16
Adding Files to a Course _____________________________________________________ 16
Link to a Course File Directory ________________________________________________ 18
Links to External Web Pages __________________________________________________ 18
Choices and Questionnaires ____________________________________________ 19
Choice ___________________________________________________________________ 19
Questionnaire _____________________________________________________________ 20
Adding a Questionnaire to a Course _________________________________________ 20
Adding Questions to a Questionnaire ________________________________________ 21
Questionnaire Management _______________________________________________ 22
Forums and Chat _____________________________________________________ 22
Forums ___________________________________________________________________ 22
Creating a Forum ________________________________________________________ 23
Using Forums ___________________________________________________________ 24
Chat _____________________________________________________________________ 25
Adding a Chat to a Course _________________________________________________ 25
Using Chat ______________________________________________________________ 26
Assignments ________________________________________________________ 27
Types of Assignments _______________________________________________________ 27
Creating Assignments _______________________________________________________ 27
Assignment Management ____________________________________________________ 29
Glossaries and Databases ______________________________________________ 30
Glossaries _________________________________________________________________ 30
Adding Glossaries ________________________________________________________ 30
Using Glossaries _________________________________________________________ 32
Automatic Linking ________________________________________________________ 34
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Databases ________________________________________________________________
Adding a Database _______________________________________________________
Creating Fields __________________________________________________________
Editing Templates ________________________________________________________
Database Management ___________________________________________________
Presets ________________________________________________________________
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Quizzes _____________________________________________________________ 39
Question Bank _____________________________________________________________
Question Categories ______________________________________________________
Quiz Question Types ______________________________________________________
Creating Questions _______________________________________________________
Importing Quiz Questions _________________________________________________
Adding a Quiz to a Course____________________________________________________
Adding Questions to a Quiz ________________________________________________
Quizzes with Fixed Questions ______________________________________________
Random Questions _______________________________________________________
Grading Quizzes _________________________________________________________
Previewing and Testing Quizzes _____________________________________________
Managing Quizzes __________________________________________________________
Overview of Quiz Results __________________________________________________
Regrading ______________________________________________________________
Manual Grading _________________________________________________________
Item Analysis ____________________________________________________________
Recommendations for Preparing Quizzes _______________________________________
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Course Management __________________________________________________ 50
Moodle Blocks _____________________________________________________________ 50
Important Actions in a Course ________________________________________________ 51
Practical Tasks _______________________________________________________ 52
User Information ___________________________________________________________
Task 1: Environment Settings _________________________________________________
Task 2: Using Course Resources _______________________________________________
Task 3: Using Files in a Course ________________________________________________
Task 4: Forum Activity _______________________________________________________
Task 5: Assignment Activity __________________________________________________
Task 6: Quiz Activity ________________________________________________________
Task 7: Complex Quizzes _____________________________________________________
Task 8: Glossary Activity _____________________________________________________
Task 9: E-course Management ________________________________________________
Task 10: Gradebook ________________________________________________________
Task 11: Choices and Questionnaires ___________________________________________
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Teacher Notes _______________________________________________________ 60
Preparing the Moodle Environment____________________________________________ 60
CREATION AND TEACHING OF E-COURSES
WITH MOODLE
In this module you will learn how to:
Work in the Moodle environment;
Publish electronic course materials;
Create and use Moodle activities;
Organize electronic communication within a course;
Create and use tests for evaluation of knowledge;
Manage Moodle courses.
Overview of E-learning
E-learning Concepts
E-learning is learning that uses information and communications technology (ICT):
Electronic study materials – text, audio, video, animation, simulations, etc.;
Computer-based learning and assessment tools – glossaries, educational games,
databases, quizzes, tests, etc.;
Communication tools – e-mail, chat, forums, web conferencing,
IP telephony, etc.;
E-learning systems – special computer systems that allow preparing and
teaching e-courses, planning and organizing the learning process; some
examples are Moodle and Blackboard. Such systems are also called learning
management systems.
E-learning can play various roles in the study process:
Support for classroom learning with a teacher. The learning is primarily done in
a classroom, with e-learning environment and methods used to supplement this
approach – post lecture notes, register students for consultations, publish
grades.
Mixed learning – e-learning and classroom learning are used in comparable
proportions.
Pure e-learning – the student never meets the course teacher (if there is a
teacher at all). The learning is done entirely online.
When planning traditional classroom learning, the teacher chooses the most suitable
teaching tools (blackboard, handouts, slides, etc.) and methods (lectures, workshops,
work in groups, etc.).
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In the case of e-learning, there is a much wider range of tools and methods available.
The teacher must choose the best tools and methods to create an efficient and
captivating learning solution.
E-learning should not be contrasted with “traditional” classroom learning. In practice,
they are often combined as blended learning.
Overview of E-course Development
The task of the developer of an e-course (learning solution) is to select the learning tools
and methods that are best suited for the learning goals. The solution may be different
each time, as it depends on the:
budget;
target audience;
learning goals;
time limitations (for preparing and teaching courses)
technical limitations
experience and skills of the development group
IT skill level
number of students
etc.
Design of e-courses is essentially no different than preparation of other study materials.
The creator of an e-course must understand the course’s audience, determine the gaps
in knowledge, set the goals of the studies, and prepare a learning solution. It is
recommended to carry out these tasks in accordance with the steps offered by the
ADDIE (Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation) instructional
systems design model.
The ADDIE model is a popular framework for e-course design. The model includes five
steps of e-course development, each dependant on the results of the previous step:
1) Analysis – analyzing the target audience, gaps in knowledge, etc.
2) Design – determining the objectives and form of learning;
3) Development – creating the study materials and inserting them in the e-course
environment;
4) Implementation – distributing the study materials;
5) Evaluation – making sure that the objective has been achieved.
Moodle Basics
Moodle Overview
Moodle is an open-source course management system (CMS) that is successfully used
both by individual teachers and major businesses and universities for preparing and
teaching courses. Moodle is available free of charge to anyone, and can be downloaded
at www.moodle.org.
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Moodle is an abbreviation for Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment.
Moodle provides all the important features of a course management system:
Uploading and publishing study materials;
Communication in forums and chat rooms;
Automatically graded quizzes;
Assigning, receiving and grading tests;
Giving and summarizing grades.
Moodle is based on the social constructivism philosophy. Its foundation is the belief that
it is easier for people to learn something new if they immerse themselves or teach
others in the course of the learning process.
In line with this approach, the main emphasis of a Moodle course are not the learning
tools provided by the system. The basis of a course is not delivery of information, but
rather sharing of ideas and becoming involved in learning activities.
Logging In
Moodle is a web application accessible with a browser. It means that you need a
computer with an internet connection and a web browser – Mozilla Firefox or Internet
Explorer.
To begin work, open the browser and enter the address of the Moodle site in the
address field. The front page of the site will open.
To log in, click the “Login” link in the upper right corner and enter your username and
password in the login window.
Image No. 1. Moodle front page
User Roles
The administrator of the Moodle system assigns roles to users in order to control what
actions they are authorized to perform. A user can be assigned a different role in each
course. For example, a user can work as a teacher in one course and participate as a
student in another.
The main standard roles in Moodle are:
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Guest – If guest access is enabled for a course, a guest can view the entire
content of the course, but cannot modify anything. For example, a guest cannot
take quizzes, participate in discussions or submit assignments.
Student – Can view course materials, take quizzes, submit assignments, post in
forums; cannot add study materials or change the content of the course.
Teacher – Adds study materials to the e-course, creates quizzes, makes
assignments, organizes and leads the process of learning.
Administrator – Changes the global settings of the system, registers users for
courses, posts announcements intended for all users of the system.
Course Description
When a user has successfully logged in to a Moodle site, he or she is shown a list of
courses – the courses that the user is preparing and teaching (has a teacher role) or in
which the user is enrolled (has a student role). Clicking on the name of a course opens
its homepage (see image No. 2).
All Moodle courses have the same homepage structure – page header, blocks on both
sides, and the central part with the course sections.
Image No. 2. Moodle course homepage
The page header shows the course name and user information. If the user has a teacher
role in the course, it is possible to turn on page editing mode or switch to student role to
test the course.
The contents of the course are displayed in the central part of the page – study
materials and activities grouped in course sections. When new materials are added, they
automatically appear in the course contents.
On the sides of the page, there are blocks that allow quickly accessing course resources
or display news and recent changes in the course.
Navigation and work in Moodle is performed in the traditional web application style –
upon performing changes or actions, the user is given a choice to save or cancel these
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changes. When such an option is not given, it is possible to use the browser button Back
or navigate the system by clicking the links in the navigation bar.
Course Settings
A new e-course is like a framework that needs to be filled with the necessary content.
The first step is to adapt the course to the teacher’s work style, teaching methods and
other requirements – by editing the course settings (see Image No. 3).
Image No.3. Course settings window
To edit course settings:
1. In the Administration block of the course’s homepage, click the Settings link.
2. Edit the course settings as desired (see the list below).
3. Click the Save changes button.
The main settings of a Moodle course:
Category – The system administrator will usually specify to which category a
course must be added to make it easier to find in the course listings.
Full name – The full name of the course that appears in the course listings and in
the header of the course’s front page.
Short name – The short name of a course will appear in the Moodle navigation
bar.
Summary – A few sentences about the course’s goals, content, etc.
The summary will be displayed in the course listings together with the full name
of the course and the teacher’s name.
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Format – Weekly, Topics or Social course format (see the table below).
Number of weeks/topics – The number of course sections (weeks or topics) that
will be displayed in the course’s homepage. If the number is set smaller than the
amount of sections currently in use, the materials in the removed sections will
not be lost – they will appear again when the number of sections is increased.
Course start date – The date when the course is first available to students.
Maximum upload size – Defines the largest size of file that can be uploaded in
the course – applies to course file uploads, forum posts, internal e-mail
attachments, etc.,
Course enrollable – If enabled, students can enrol themselves in the course and
begin learning.
Groups – Students in a course can be divided into groups defined by the
teacher. It may be useful if one course is taught to several audiences (e.g., day
and night shift students) or if students are grouped in teams with a common
assignment for each team. The teacher will be able to choose which group’s
students to display in the list when viewing the student submissions of course
activities (homework, quizzes, etc.).
Availability – If set as available, the course will be visible to students in the
course listing and they will be able to open it.
Enrolment key – A password that the student will have to enter upon first
accessing a course.
Guest access – Allow anonymous users (guests) to access a course.
Course Formats
Moodle allows choosing the most suitable layout for a course by selecting its format.
It is possible to arrange a course chronologically week by week, into topics, or around a
main forum.
Weekly format – It is necessary to set a course start date and the number of
weeks that the course will take. A section is created for each week, in which
course materials can be placed.
Topics Format – It is necessary to set the number of topics, and a section is
created for each topic, in which course materials can be placed. Topics are
typically similar to chapters in a textbook. E.g., each section matches a particular
topic of the course and contains notes, slides, assignments and quizzes on the
subject.
Social format – The course is based on a social forum. Suitable for less-formal
courses where communication between the participants has the primary
importance.
Course Editing Mode
To add materials and activities to a course, it is necessary to turn on the editing mode –
click the button Turn editing on in the upper right corner of the screen or the
corresponding link in the Administration block. Icons appear, allowing to move, edit or
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delete resources and activities in sections (see image No. 4). All changes are
automatically saved and made visible.
Image No.4. Course editing mode enabled
The following icons are available in the editing mode:
Icon
Description
Open/closed eye. Make an item visible or invisible to participants.
If a material should be included in a course, but not currently
displayed to participants, the corresponding item is made Hidden.
Delete an item. Upon deleting course materials (web pages, files,
etc.), they are removed irreversibly. When deleting blocks, they can
be restored later and again added to the course.
Move an item. Allows moving course materials to a different section
(topic). The move can be performed by simply dragging the
necessary item to a different location.
Move an item right/left. Allows increasing or decreasing the indent
of materials in sections or moving blocks to the other side of the
page.
Make a section (topic) current. The section will be visually
highlighted in the course page.
Edit a course resource or activity.
Single window icon – display only this topic. To show all topics, click
on the icon with two windows.
The editing mode is exited by clicking the button Turn editing off.
Course Resources
Moodle course resources are intended for posting static information, such as text labels,
pictures or links to files and web sites. A student can view a resource – and do nothing
else. If anything more is required from the student – making comments, writing an
essay, etc., then other activities of the Moodle course are used.
The course editing mode has to be turned on in order to add course resources or
activities.
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The following resources are available in a Moodle course:
Book – It is possible to create a number of web pages and display them in a
book-like format with a table of contents.
Insert a label – Labels in the main page of a course to describe and group the
course materials. Labels are created in a full-text HTML editor; they may contain
formatted text, pictures, and other web page elements.
Compose a text page – Add a plain text page to the course. It can be used to
display programming code.
Compose a web page – Add a web page to the course. The content of the page
is created with a full-text WYSIWYG HTML editor.
Link to file or web site – Create a link to a file in the course file directory.
The other option allows linking to an internal or external web page.
Display a directory – Display the contents of a course file directory. In this case,
it is not necessary to create a link to each file, however the filenames should be
descriptive and easy to understand.
More information about how to add and use each type of resource is provided in the
following chapters.
Course Activities
Moodle course activities are modules that can be added to a course for the students to
engage in various learning activities – prepare and submit homework assignments,
participate in discussions, complete quizzes or surveys, etc.
When creating activities, the teacher must clearly describe the goals of each activity, the
tasks to be performed by the students to complete the activity, and the evaluation
criteria. After receiving the students’ submissions, they must be evaluated, and the
student must be given a grade and feedback.
The most popular activities in Moodle are:
Survey – The survey tool provides predefined and verified survey instruments,
but does not allow creating a customized questionnaire. The Questionnaire tool
is used to create a questionnaire with customised questions.
Questionnaire – The questionnaire tool is intended for finding out opinions.
It allows creating questionnaires with customized questions.
Database – The database module allows a teacher and/or students to create,
display and search virtually any kind of records. The format and structure of
records can be freely determined, including pictures, files, URL addresses,
numbers, text, etc.
Forum – A discussion format for course participants. Posts can viewed in various
formats, they can have attachments and be rated. Form messages can also be
received by e-mail.
Choice – Allows organizing voting on a question or creating a simple poll.
Lesson – The Lesson module allows arranging various course pages in branching
learning paths. The path taken depends on the answers the student gives to the
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control question in the beginning of the page, or a choice from several options
offered by the teacher.
SCORM/AICC – Adds to the course an e-learning module compliant with the
SCORM or AICC standard. Such courses are created with special tools, e.g.,
CourseLab, or purchased from course providers.
Quiz – Create a quiz using questions from the question bank.
Chat – Online communication with the teacher and other participants of the
course.
Assignment – With an Assignment, the teacher tasks course participants with
independent work, such as submitting an essay, performing research, preparing
a presentation. The result is uploaded by the student as a file or entered in the
assignment in essay form. The teacher grades the work and provides feedback.
Glossary – It is possible to create a glossary with definitions of terms.
Wiki – A wiki is intended for people to work collaboratively on documents by
supplementing them and editing the content of the page. A suitable tool for
defining and polishing an idea or solution.
More information about how to add and use each type of activity is provided in the
following chapters
Adding Content
Adding Labels
Labels are course resources that allow adding text and pictures to course’s homepage.
Labels are used to add headings to course resources and activities or to provide brief
instructions on the homepage.
To add a label:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the menu Add a resource, choose Insert a label in the necessary section of the
course.
3. In the Label text field of the HTML editor, enter the content of the label – add the
necessary text, picture, etc.
4. Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No. 5. Adding a label
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Note:
If a label is used to create headings to group course materials, then the left indent of the
materials under the label can be increased by using the right and left arrow buttons.
Adding a Text Page to a Course
Text pages can be used to publish simple text information without special formatting in
a course. Spaces and paragraph symbols may be used to format the text. In practice,
text pages can be used if it is necessary to publish source code, such as HTML code.
In other cases it is usually more effective to add web pages.
To add a text page to a course:
1. Click Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the menu Add a resource, choose Compose text page in the section of the course
to which the page is to be added.
3. In the Name field of the “Adding a new Resource” window (see Image No. 6), enter
a descriptive name for the page.
4. In the Summary field, enter a short description of the page.
5. In the Full text field, enter the text of the page.
6. Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No.6. Adding a text page
Note:
The page name will appear as a link in the course’s homepage. For students to easily
understand what information the page contains, the name should be descriptive.
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Adding a Web Page to a Course
A web page resource can be used to add to a Moodle course text with particular
formatting – such as with tables, pictures or links inserted. The content of a web page is
created with a full-text HTML editor that allows using the typical formatting tools found
in office software (Microsoft Office Word or OpenOffice Writer).
To add a web page to a course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the menu Add a resource, choose Compose web page in the section of the course
to which the page is to be added.
3. In the Name field of the “Adding a new Resource” window, enter a descriptive name
for the page.
4. In the Summary field, enter a brief description of the page.
5. In the Full text field, create the content of the page with the HTML editor.
6. Click the button Save and return to course.
Note:
The Moodle HTML editor does not work in the browsers Safari, Camino, and Opera.
A plain-text editor without formatting possibilities will be offered instead.
The following tools are available in the HTML editor:
Icon
Description
Font
Font size
Heading group
Bold, italic, underline and strikethrough text
Subscript and superscript
Clean Word HTML – cleans a text fragment copied from Word
Undo and redo
Align left, centre, align right or justify
Text runs left to right or right to left
Numbered or bulleted list, decrease or increase indent
Change text or background colour
Horizontal rule, create anchor
Create link, unlink, turn off autolinking
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Insert image, table or emoticon
Insert special character, find and replace
Toggle HTML code (text) and WYSIWYG modes, open editor in
full-screen mode
Window Settings
Text and web pages in a Moodle course can be set to open in the same window or in a
new browser window (see Image No. 7).
Image No.7. Window settings
To display the resource in the same window:
1. Open the add/update resource window.
2. In the Window section, click the button Show Advanced.
3. In the Window menu, choose Same window.
4. Tick the checkbox Show the course blocks – when displaying the page content, the
blocks at the sides of the course’s homepage will also appear.
To display the resource in a new browser window:
1. Open the add/update resource window.
2. In the Window section, click the button Show Advanced.
3. In the Window menu, choose New window.
4. Choose the necessary window display settings.
It is possible to choose the following window display settings:
Allow the window to be resized – Checking this will allow the user to change
the size of the window after it has opened. It is recommended to leave this
checked.
Allow the window to be scrolled – If checked, the user will be able to use the
horizontal and vertical scrollbars. It is recommended to leave this checked.
Show the directory links – This will display the user’s bookmark or favourites
bar in the browser.
Show the location bar – If unchecked, the user will not see the site’s
URL (address).
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Show the menu bar – Allows hiding the browser’s menu bar, which contains
commands for printing the page, viewing the source code, setting
bookmarks, etc.
Show the toolbar – The browser toolbar has buttons for the commands
Forward, Back, Print, etc.
Show the status bar – The status bar is the lower area of the browser window
that shows how much of the page has loaded and the target URL of a link.
Default window width and height – It is possible to set the size of the new
window to match the size of the linked page.
Files, Directories, Web Pages
Adding Files to a Course
A course designer does not have to create the entire content in the actual Moodle
environment. Any type of digital content can be prepared on the computer, uploaded to
a Moodle course and published for students as a course resource. This allows adding
Word and PDF documents, PowerPoint presentations, audio and video, or other types of
files to a course.
Adding files to a course consists of two steps:
1. Uploading a file from the local computer to the e-course directory on the Moodle
server.
2. Publishing the file for students as a link to a course resource.
To upload a file to a Moodle course:
1. In the Administration block of the course’s main page, click the Files link. The course
file management window opens.
2. Click the button Upload file.
3. Click the Browse button. The Choose file dialogue box opens. Select the file to be
uploaded from the local disk drive and click Open.
4. Click Upload this file. The file will be uploaded to the course directory.
The course file window allows creating folders, managing and uploading files. Moodle
allows uploading files only one by one. To make the uploading process faster, it is
possible to place multiple files in a zip archive. The archive is then uploaded and
unzipped with the corresponding command Unzip.
The system administrator determines the permitted maximum file size. An error
message is displayed upon attempting to upload a file exceeding the set limit. If larger
files must be uploaded in a course, it is necessary to contact the system administrator.
For students to be able to access a file in the course directory, a link to this file must be
added to the course.
To add a link to a file to the course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
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2. In the Add a resource menu, choose Link to file or web site in the section of the
course to which the page is to be added.
3. The “Adding a new Resource” window opens (see image No. 8). In the Name field,
enter a descriptive name for the resource.
4. In the Summary field, enter a short description of the file.
5. Click the button Chose or upload file.... The file selection window is opened with the
course file directory displayed (see image No. 9).
6. Locate the file to which you wish to create a link. At this point it is also possible to
upload a file to the course by clicking the Upload file button.
7. To select a file, click the link Choose. The file selection window will close, and the
filename will be automatically entered in the Location field.
8. Choose whether to display the file in the same or a new browser window.
9. At the bottom of the page, click the button Save and return to course.
Image No.8. Link to a file in a course
Image No.9. Select file
Note:
The name of the link is displayed on the course’s homepage. For students to easily
understand what kind of information the file contains, the name should be descriptive.
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Link to a Course File Directory
If a Moodle course contains many files that have to be made available to students, it is
easier to enable access to a specific course file directory. In this case, it is not necessary
to link to each individual file, however it is important to ensure that the filenames are
descriptive and easy to understand.
To add a link to a directory:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable editing mode.
2. In the Add a resource menu, choose Display a directory in the section of the course
to which the page is to be added.
3. In the Name field, enter a descriptive name for the resource (see image No. 10).
4. In the Summary field, enter a short description of the content of the directory.
5. In the field Display a directory, choose from the list the course file directory
that students will be able to browse. If the default choice Main files directory is
kept, students will be able to access all files of the course.
6. Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No.10. Adding a link to course directory
Clicking on the link placed on the course’s homepage will display the content of the
directory – all files and subdirectories. By clicking, students will be able to open any file
and browse subdirectories.
Links to External Web Sites
To add a link to an external web site:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add a resource menu, choose Link to file or web site in the section of the
course to which the page is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new resource is opened. In the Name field, enter a
descriptive name for the resource.
4. In the Summary field, enter a brief description of the resource.
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5. In the Location field, enter the website address (URL). If you wish to find the site
online, it is possible to click Search for web page.... to open a new browser window
with a Google page.
6. Click the button Save and return to course.
Just like with text and web pages created in Moodle, it is possible to set external web
pages to be displayed in the same or a new browser window. External web pages are
usually displayed in a new browser window so that the course participant does not get
disconnected from the e-course.
Choices and Questionnaires
Choice
Choice is a Moodle activity module that works like a voting machine. A Choice presents
one question and gives several answer options (see image No. 11). The student can only
choose one answer. In the settings, it is possible to limit the number of respondents
allowed for a particular option, make answers anonymous or visible to other students.
Image No.11. A choice with 2 responses submitted
It is possible to find creative uses for Choice – students can register for a consultation or
exam on a specific date, set up carpools for school excursions, vote for the most
interesting course topic or best presentation.
To create a Choice:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, select Choice in the section of the course to which
the activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened. In the Choice Name field, enter a
descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Choice text field, enter information about the choice – why the polling is
carried out, what are the limits, when and how the results will be published, etc.
5. Choose whether to Limit the number of responses allowed – if Allowed is selected,
it will be possible to set the maximum number of respondents for the response.
6. Set the choices – the available options (Choice) and limits on the number of
responses (Limit).
7. If necessary, define a time period when participants are allowed to make a choice
(Restrict answering to this time period).
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8. Specify other settings – whether to publish the results for students (Publish results);
if they are published, whether the results will be confidential (Privacy of results);
whether the choice can be updated.
9. Click the button Save and return to course.
When a Choice has been created, students can start voting. Depending on the settings,
they may see the choices made by others with student names shown, or just see the
number of votes for each option. The teacher will always see the students’ choices (see
image No. 12).
Image No.12. Overview of responses
Student responses can be:
Deleted – tick the checkbox and choose Delete from the list With selected.
Downloaded in ODS, Excel or text formats.
Questionnaire
The Questionnaire is a Moodle module that allows surveying students with questions
created by the teacher. Questionnaires are similar to quizzes, but they do not present
right and wrong answer options. It is not possible to use questions from the quiz
question bank in questionnaires.
Note:
The Questionnaire is not a standard Moodle module. For this activity to be available in a
Moodle course, it must be downloaded from www.moodle.org and installed. This is the
responsibility of the Moodle system administrator.
Note:
A different Moodle tool – Survey – allows using various standard surveys in a course.
It does not allow creating your own questions.
Adding a Questionnaire to a Course
To create a questionnaire:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose Questionnaire in the section of the course to
which the activity is to be added.
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3. The window for adding a new object is opened. In the Name field, enter a
descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Summary field, enter detailed information for the students about the use of
this questionnaire – why it is being conducted, whether the responses will be
anonymous, how many times it can be completed, when and how the results will be
published, etc. A thorough description of the questionnaire will allow avoiding
misunderstandings and unnecessary debates later.
5. Choose the specific settings (see the list below).
6. Choose whether course groups will be used in this activity.
7. Choose whether the activity will be visible to or hidden from students.
8. Click the button Save and return to course.
The following specific settings can be set for a questionnaire:
Type – Choose whether the questionnaire can be completed only once, many
times, or regularly (daily, weekly or monthly).
Respondent Type – Anonymous or non-anonymous (full name) questionnaire.
Students can view ALL responses – The course participants will be able to view
all responses (including those of other course participants): after answering the
questionnaire; after the questionnaire is closed; always.
Save/Resume answers – A possibility to save the answers and resume filling the
questionnaire later.
Submission grade – Allows grading questionnaires. If the questionnaire is to be
graded in a gradebook, the maximum mark or the grading scale must be
specified here.
Content options – It is possible to create a new questionnaire by using a saved
template or public template.
Adding Questions to a Questionnaire
After a questionnaire has been created, it is necessary to add questions to it. The
following question types can be used in a questionnaire:
--- Page break --- – Page breaks can be used to divide large questionnaires into
several screens.
Check Boxes – A multiple-choice question with several answers available. The
respondents can choose multiple answers.
Date – The respondent must enter a date.
Dropdown Box – Answers to the question are displayed in a drop-down menu.
Essay Box – The respondent may freely answer the question in the form of an
essay. It is possible to use line breaks in the answer, and there is no length limit.
Label – This is not a question, but a label that can be used, for example, as an
explanation before a group of questions.
Numeric – A numeric response is expected from the respondent.
Radio Buttons – A multiple-choice question where only one answer can be
selected.
Rate (scale 1..5) – Rating – allows respondents to rate a statement in a scale of
N points (from 1 to N). The N value can be set upon adding the question.
Textbox – The respondent can enter a short, limited-length response.
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Yes/No – Yes or no.
To add a question to a questionnaire:
1. In the course’s homepage, click on the name of the questionnaire. The
questionnaire window View is opened.
2. Click on the Questions section.
3. In the Questions menu, select the necessary question type and click Add selected
question type.
4. Enter the title of the question and the other necessary information, and click Save
changes.
Questionnaire Management
After a questionnaire has been created, it is possible to adjust its optional settings by
clicking on the Advanced settings tab. It allows to:
Change the questionnaire type – private, public, or template for repeated use.
Provide additional instructions about completing the questionnaire – the
Subtitle and Additional Info fields.
Specify the questionnaire submission conditions – a special web page or
information to display after the submission of the survey – the fields
Confirmation URL or Confirmation page; specify the e-mail address to which
each completed questionnaire will be submitted – E-mail.
After the students have completed the questionnaires, the results can be viewed, as
well as downloaded in text format to open them in other data processing applications.
Forums and Chat
Forums
Forums, also known as discussion groups, are a very important communication tool
within a Moodle course. They function as message boards where it is possible to read
messages submitted by others and post replies (see image No. 13).
Forums allow all participants of the course to take part in an asynchronous discussion.
Asynchronous means “not going on at the same time” – that is, it is not necessary for all
participants to be connected to the discussion site at the same time. This differentiates
forums from synchronous communication, such as chat, telephone conversations or
dialogue in person.
Asynchronous communication presents some significant advantages. Students have the
opportunity to thoroughly think over their answers. They can prepare drafts, polish
them to perfection, and only then post them, without worrying about the time factor.
This is particularly important in cases where the course is not in the student’s native
language, the student has difficulty communicating, or is simply shy.
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Image No.13. Forum discussion
Moodle forums allow subscriptions. All new messages on the forum are automatically emailed to the course participants if they are participants of the forum. Thanks to this,
the forum is a convenient tool for contacting all participants of a particular course by email.
Creating a Forum
It is easy to create a forum; the important thing is to choose the right settings.
The following forum types are available in Moodle:
Q and A forum – In this forum, each student must publish his or her answers
before the answers of other students become visible. After posting the initial
answers, the student will see and be able to answer posts of other students.
Each person posts one discussion – Each participant of the course can start only
a single thread in this forum. It may be useful in cases where each participant
must post his or her assignment or question. Each discussion can have an
unlimited number of replies.
Standard forum for general use – It is possible to create one or several threads.
Anyone who has the relevant permissions can start a new discussion and post
replies.
A simple single discussion – The teacher can create only a single discussion in
the forum. It helps maintain focus on the main subject.
To create a forum:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose Forum in the section of the course to which
the activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened (see image No. 14.). In the Name
field, enter a descriptive name for the activity.
4. Select the forum type in the Forum type field.
5. In the Forum introduction field, enter detailed information for the students about
the use of this forum – what will be published in it, what actions are expected from
the students, whether and how the posted messages will be graded, etc. A thorough
description will allow avoiding misunderstandings and unnecessary debates later.
6. Select the General settings of the forum:
6.1. Force everyone to be subscribed? – If Yes, every participant of the course will
be e-mailed the new messages posted in the forum. If No, users will be able to
choose whether to subscribe to the forum.
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7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
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6.2. Read tracking for this forum? – Read tracking highlights unread messages in
discussions.
6.3. Maximum attachment size – Set the maximum size for files attached to
messages.
Choose the grading settings:
7.1. Aggregate type – Sets how all ratings given to posts are combined to create the
final grade. The default setting is No ratings, which means that posts are not
rated.
7.2. Grade – Specify the grading scale.
7.3. Restrict ratings to posts with dates in this range – It is possible to allow posts
only in a specific time range in order to make students focus on the latest posts.
If necessary, select the Post threshold for blocking. Students can be disallowed to
post more than a permitted number of posts during the specified time period.
Choose whether course groups will be used in this activity.
Specify whether the forum will be visible to or hidden from the students.
Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No.14. Adding a forum
Using Forums
By clicking on the name of a forum, the main page of the forum is opened in the
course’s homepage. There are links in the upper left corner here, stating the forum
subscription status and allowing to change it, if allowed.
There is a description of the forum in the centre of the window. Below it is the button
Add a new discussion topic.
To start a new discussion:
1. In the main window of the forum, click the button Add a new discussion topic.
2. In the new discussion topic window, enter the discussion topic.
3. In the Message field, enter the text of the message.
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4. If subscription is enabled on the forum, in the Subscription field it is possible to
subscribe to the forum.
5. In the Attachment field it is possible to choose a file to be attached to the message.
Make sure that the file size does not exceed the maximum file size set for the forum.
6. Click the button Post to forum.
A notice will be displayed, stating that the message has been posted to the forum and
the poster has 30 minutes to edit the message. After these 30 minutes, the message will
no longer be editable, and it will also be e-mailed to the subscribers of the forum.
Moodle allows searching forum messages. All forums are searched simultaneously.
Forums can be searched with:
The forum search field. The field is located in the Moodle navigation bar. It does
not appear on the forum main page – a forums discussion has to be opened
first.
The Search Forums block. The block can be added by the teacher to the
course’s homepage. This block also offers advanced search with more detailed
search options.
Chat
The Moodle Chat module is a simple synchronous communication tool that allows
course teachers and students to communicate in real time. Unlike with forums, all
participants in chat must be connected to the Moodle course at the same time and
enter the chat room. In technical terms, chat is similar to instant messaging in Skype or
other programs.
Adding a Chat to a Course
To use chat in a course, it is necessary to create a chat room and specify the chat session
time. It is possible to create one session for the entire course or set several sessions that
will repeat regularly.
To create a chat session:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, select Chat in that section of the course to which the
activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened (see image No. 15). In the Name
field, enter a descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Introduction text field, enter detailed information for the students about the
use of this chat session – for what purposes it will be used, whether attendance is
mandatory, etc.
5. In the Next chat time field, enter the time and date of the first chat session.
6. Select other General chat settings:
6.1. Repeat sessions – Choose whether the sessions will be repeated. If Don't
publish any chat times is selected, the chat room will be created without
specific chat sessions.
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6.2. Save past sessions – When the chat session is over, a log of the entire session
will be available for the specified time.
6.3. Everyone can view past sessions – Choose whether the session log will be
available to everyone or only to the teacher.
7. Choose whether the course groups will be used in this activity.
8. Choose whether the activity will be visible to or hidden from the students.
9. Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No.15. Adding a chat room to a course
Using Chat
A chat room is always available to course participants, regardless of whether chat
session times have been specified (see image No. 16). Moodle does not limit access to
chat based on the established session times. Instead, entries are added to the Moodle
calendar, reminding about the planned session times.
Image No.16. A chat session
Moodle has two types o chat rooms:
Regular – suitable in most cases. To submit a message, enter it in the text field
at the bottom of the window and press Enter.
Version without frames and JavaScript. Used if the regular version does not
function due to technical reasons. To submit a message, enter it in the text field
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and click the Submit button. To refresh the message list, click the Refresh
button.
Assignments
The Moodle Assignment module is used to receive completed assignments from
students, which are then graded. Assignments can be submitted in the form of any
digital file – pictures, Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, web pages, small audio or
video files, etc. Students can also submit answers in written form, by answering directly
in the assignment’s text field. In addition, assignments can be used to register in the
Moodle system grades for works performed outside the Moodle environment – in
lectures, workshops or practical assignments.
The Assignment module is a convenient and efficient tool to receive from students much
more personal and thorough answers than can be achieved with quizzes.
Types of Assignments
There are 4 types of assignments available in Moodle:
Advanced uploading of files – Students can upload one or several files, as well
as add written comments about the submitted files or completed assignment.
The teacher can also upload one or several files for each student, either to
define the assignment or as a reply to the student’s submission.
Online text – Students submit the assignment by entering a textual answer in
the assignment submission field. The teacher can grade it, add a comment, and,
if necessary, make inline comments and corrections.
Upload single file – Each student can upload a single file, including files in ZIP
format.
Offline activity – Useful if activities are carried out outside the Moodle
environment, e.g., small written test, practical assignment or answers to
questions in the classroom. The student will be able to see the grade and the
teacher’s comment, but will not be allowed to upload any files.
Creating Assignments
Compared to other activities, assignments can be created very quickly.
To create an assignment:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose the necessary assignment in the section of
the course to which the activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened (see image No. 17). In the Name
field, enter a descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Description field, enter detailed information for the students about this
assignment – what must be done, what exactly and in what format must be
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
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submitted, how the work will be evaluated, etc. A thorough description of the
assignment will allow avoiding misunderstandings and unnecessary debates later.
In the Grade field, choose the grading scale.
If necessary, set the time period for submission of the assignment or tick the Disable
checkbox.
Choose whether to prevent late submission of assignments.
Choose the specific settings of the assignment (see the following table).
Specify whether course groups will be used in this activity.
Choose whether the activity will be visible to or hidden from students
Click the button Save and return to course.
The created assignment will appear as a link in the course’s homepage. It will also be
automatically added to the course’s Calendar, Grades, and the Upcoming events block.
Assignment
Advanced
uploading
file
Specific settings
of
Online text
Upload
file
single
The maximum size of a file that can be uploaded. (The
maximum possible size is set by the system administrator on a
server level. The teacher can set an additional limit on a
course level in the Course settings)
Whether students are allowed to delete uploaded files before
the submission has been graded.
The maximum number of files that a student can upload.
As students do not see this limit, it is recommended to specify
it in the description of the assignment.
Whether students are allowed to add notes in a text field.
It can be useful for the student to comment on the solutions
used, assignment progress, etc.
Whether the description is hidden until the assignment is
available to students.
Whether the teacher will receive e-mail alerts when students
add or update an assignment submission.
Whether students are allowed to resubmit an assignment
after the teacher has already graded it (to receive a better
grade).
Whether the teacher will receive e-mail alerts when students
add or update an assignment submission.
Whether the student’s submission will be copied into the
teacher’s feedback field, making it easier to comment inline
or edit the submission.
Whether students are allowed to resubmit an assignment
after the teacher has already graded it (to receive a better
grade).
Whether the teacher will receive e-mail alerts when students
add or update an assignment submission.
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The maximum size of a file that can be uploaded. (The
maximum possible size is set by the system administrator on a
server level. The teacher can set an additional limit on a
course level in the Course settings)
Image No. 17. Adding an assignment
Assignment Management
To view the assignments submitted by students, click on the name of the assignment on
the course’s homepage. A window will be displayed with the name and description of
the assignment. There will be a link in the upper right corner of the window, showing
how many assignments have been submitted – e.g., View 3 submitted assignments.
Click this link.
The submissions page will be opened (see image No. 18), with information presented in
a table with the following columns: First name/Surname, Grade, Comment, Last
modified (Student), Last modified (Teacher), Status. The list can be arranged by clicking
on a column title. By clicking again, the list will be arranged in the reverse order.
A column can be hidden by clicking the icon next to the column title.
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Image No.18. Assignments submitted by students
Ten submissions are shown by default, however this can be changed at the bottom of
the page.
To grade submissions, click the Grade link opposite to the student’s name.
For assignments with file upload, each submission will have links to the files submitted
by students. If the submitted files are not web pages, they will have to be opened with a
corresponding application, such as Word or Acrobat Reader.
For an online text assignment, the submission text will be displayed in a text field, and
the number of words in the text will be displayed above. If inline comments are allowed,
the submitted text will be automatically copied into the teacher’s feedback field.
When a student’s submission has been evaluated, select the grade in the Grade menu
and save the changes by using the buttons Save changes or Save and show next.
Note:
To quickly grade many submissions in one page, enable the option Allow quick grading
at the bottom of the submission list page. Then enter the grades and comments, and
click the button Save all my feedback when the grading has been completed.
Glossaries and Databases
Glossaries
Learning a new subject often begins with acquiring the most important terms and
concepts. In the Moodle environment, this task is made easier by the Glossary module.
A glossary is not merely a list of terms with explanations created by a teacher. Creation
of glossary entries can be assigned to students themselves, and they can later be rated
and commented by other participants of the course. Entries can also be arranged in
categories, have files or keywords added to them, or be automatically interlinked with
the corresponding text in the Moodle course pages.
Adding Glossaries
One or several glossaries can be added to each Moodle course.
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To create a glossary in a course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose Glossary in the section of the course to which
the activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened (see image No. 19). In the Name
field, enter a descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Description field, enter detailed information for the students about this
glossary – for what purposes it will be used, who will create entries, what activities
the students will have to perform in this glossary.
5. Choose the general settings of the glossary (see the list below).
6. In the Grade section, choose whether to allow entries to be rated. Entries can be
allowed to be rated by teachers only or by any user.
7. Specify whether course groups will be used in this activity.
8. Choose whether the resource will be visible to or hidden from the students.
9. Click the button Save and return to course.
The specific settings of a glossary:
Entries shown per page – The number of concepts and definitions shown in a
page when the students view the glossary.
Glossary Type – Entries from secondary glossaries of the course can be exported
to the main glossary. A course may only have one main glossary.
Duplicated entries allowed – If enabled, it will be possible to create multiple
definitions for one concept.
Allow comments on entries – If enabled, students and teachers will be able to
add comments to entries. The comments will be available by clicking on the link
under the definition.
Allow print view – If enabled, students will have a link to print view available,
which allows easily printing out the entire glossary. The link appears as a print
icon in the upper right corner of the glossary window. Teachers always have the
print view available.
Automatically link glossary entries – Moodle can automatically link words used
in the course with their definitions in the glossary. Linked words will be visually
highlighted.
Approved by default – If students are allowed to add entries to the glossary, it is
possible to choose whether new entries are approved automatically and added
to the glossary or if teachers have to approve them before they can be seen by
other students.
Display format – Sets the format in which the glossary will be displayed.
Show 'Special' link – When users view the glossary, they can choose the first
letter of a concept from a list. The link will display the special symbols @,#,$,
and others.
Show alphabet – If enabled, the alphabet is shown, allowing to choose what
entries to display.
Show 'ALL' link – If enabled, users will be able to view all entries in one page.
Edit always – If enabled, students are always allowed to edit their entries.
If disabled, entries are editable only within 30 minutes after they are added.
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Image No. 19. Adding a glossary to a course
Using Glossaries
After a glossary has been created, it is recommended to add a few entries, so that the
students have an example to follow.
A description of the glossary is displayed at the top of the glossary’s main page. Directly
below is the search field. If Search full text is selected, the entered word will be
searched in any position in the text.
Under the search field lies the Add a new entry button. After that, it is possible to
switch between 4 glossary browsing modes (see image No. 20):
Browse by alphabet – entries are browsed by selecting the first letter of the
concept.
Browse by category – entries can be grouped and browsed by category.
Browse by date – entries are browsed by their last edited date.
Browse by author – if students are allowed to add entries, this allows to easily
see who has added what.
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Image No.20. Browsing glossary entries by alphabet
The following links are in the upper right corner of the page:
Import entries – it is possible to import entries from glossaries of this or other
courses.
Export entries – allows exporting entries as an XML text file. The file can be used
to import the entries to other glossaries.
Wait for approvement – the link will show how many entries added by students
are waiting for approvement.
Print preview – a version suited for printing.
To add a new glossary entry:
1. On the main page of the glossary, click the button Add a new entry (see image
No. 21).
2. In the Concept field, enter the word to be defined.
3. In the Definition field, enter the definition of the concept.
4. If entry categories have been defined in the Browse by category view, they can be
added to a concept.
5. In the Keyword(s) field, enter keywords or synonyms of the concept. One keyword
must be entered in each line, without separating them with commas.
6. Under Auto-linking, it is possible to specify whether the entry will be automatically
linked with a concept (or keywords) used in the text of the course. It is possible to
choose whether the linking will be case-sensitive and match whole words only.
7. Click the button Save and return to course.
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Image No. 21. Adding a new entry to a glossary
Automatic Linking
Automatic linking of glossary entries works like this: a new entry is created in the
glossary, e.g., “Moodle”. If this term is entered somewhere in the course text – in a
forum, assignment, web or text page, resource description field – it automatically
appears as a link. When the link is clicked, a new pop-up window opens, displaying the
corresponding entry.
Automatic linking works if:
It is permitted on a system-wide level – determined by the system
administrator.
Auto-linking is enabled in the glossary settings – the parameter Automatically
link glossary entries.
Auto-linking is permitted for the particular entry or entry category.
Databases
The Database module is a tool that allows course participants to collectively create and
use structured information, which is stored as a database table (see image No. 22).
In practice, it can be used to create glossaries, catalogues, registration and document
submission systems, or anything else where a specific form must be filled for submission
of information.
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Image No. 22. Viewing database entries in list view
A database is composed of fields and templates. Fields determine what type of
information will be stored in the database – text, dates, files, URLs, etc. Templates allow
controlling the visual appearance of data when the database entries are browsed,
viewed or edited.
The Database activity has 3 simple template types:
List template – Allows controlling the fields used and their layout when viewing
database entries in list form. Usually, certain basic information is displayed for
each entry, while detailed information is available by clicking on an entry to
access its single view.
Single template – Used to display detailed information about an entry.
The whole entered information should be shown here.
Add template – Defines the interface form used when adding or editing a
database entry.
Before beginning to create a database, it is recommended to carefully consider what
fields and in what order will be used in the database. This will allow to avoid having to
add new fields later.
Adding a Database
There are 3 stages in the creation of a database:
1. The database activity is added to the course, and the necessary settings are chosen.
2. The fields and templates of the database are defined.
3. Information is entered in the database – database entries are added.
To add a database activity to a course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose Database in the section of the course to
which the activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened. In the Name field, enter a
descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Description field, enter detailed information for the students about this
activity – for what purposes it will be used, who will create entries, what activities
the students will have to perform in this database.
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6.
7.
8.
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Choose the General settings of the database (see the list below).
Specify whether course groups will be used in this activity.
Choose whether the resource will be visible to or hidden from the students.
Click the button Save and return to course.
The general settings of a database:
Available from/to – The period when the database is visible and editable by
students.
Viewable from/to – The period when the database is visible to the students, but
editing is not permitted.
Required entries – How many entries a student must create for the activity to
be considered completed. A reminder of how many entries still have to be
created will be displayed to the student.
Entries required before viewing – How many entries a student must create to
be able to see the entries created by other students. If the student will not have
created the necessary number of entries, he or she will not be able to open the
database list and individual entry views.
Maximum entries – The maximum number of entries before a student is
blocked from creating new entries. Used to avoid a large number of low-quality
entries being created.
Comments – Allows commenting on entries. The comments will appear in the
individual entry template (view).
Require approval? – An entry can be required to be approved by someone with
appropriate permissions before it becomes visible to other students.
Allow posts to be rated? – It is possible to allow entries created by students to
be rated.
Creating Fields
Field definitions will form the structure of the database and determine what kind of
information students will be able to enter. There are 12 database field types available:
Picture – To upload a picture from the local computer.
Date – To enter a date by selecting the day, month and year from menus.
File – To upload any type of file.
Checkbox – Allows one or more checkboxes. Each line in the Options field is a
different checkbox.
Menu – To select one choice from a drop-down list. Each line in the Options
field is a different option.
Menu (Multi-select) – To select one or more choices from a list. The Ctrl or Shift
keys must be held down while clicking to select multiple options. Each line in the
Options field is a different option. Multiple checkboxes provide the same
functionality, but with a much more intuitive interface.
Latitude/longitude – To enter the latitude and longitude of a geographical
location. When viewing the record, links are automatically generated to
geographic data services such as Google Maps, Google Earth.
Radio buttons – To choose one from a range of options.
Number – To enter a number – positive, negative or zero.
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Text area – To enter text longer than 60 characters and/or use text formatting
tools (headings, lists, etc.).
Text – To enter text not exceeding 60 characters in length.
URL – To enter an URL address. If Automatically link URL is selected, the
address entered will be clickable.
To create database fields:
1) By clicking on the database name in the course’s homepage, open the main
page of the database.
2) Click the Fields tab.
3) In the Create a new field menu, choose the field type (see image No. 23).
4) Enter the name and description of the field. The name of the field is used when
creating templates, so it must be unique and descriptive, but short enough at
the same time.
5) If necessary, add/choose the necessary settings. For example, it is possible to
specify the height and width of a text area.
6) Click the Add button to save the changes.
Image No. 23. Adding database fields
Editing Templates
After database fields have been created, it may be necessary to customize the templates
that determine how information is entered or displayed to users. Upon adding fields,
the default templates are created automatically, however it is easily possible to
significantly improve them.
All database templates work based on the same principle. They are essentially HTML
pages with additional tags, which the database module will replace with corresponding
information before the page is displayed.
When editing a template, the available tags are shown on the left, the template that is
being edited – on the right. An available tag is added to the template with a double click.
Two types of tags are used in templates:
With double square brackets ([[) – data tags. The word in the brackets will be
replaced with the value or corresponding form object of the database field with
the same name. For example, the tag [[name]] will be replaced with the record
in the name field, e.g., John.
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With a double hash sign (##) – icon or link tags. The word inside the signs will be
replaced with an icon or link to database module actions, such as More,
Approve, Comments.
Aside from the special tags, editing a template is the same as creating an HTML page.
It is recommended to design the page layout with invisible tables, inserting the
necessary tags and additional information to be displayed in the table cells.
Changes are saved by clicking the Save template button. The saved changes can be
checked right away by clicking on the necessary database view, e.g., View list or View
single.
Database Management
When the fields have been defined and templates have been created, students can start
adding their entries to the database. The teacher’s task is to follow this process to
ensure high quality of content. To achieve this, the teacher can use:
Comments – A great tool to provide feedback to students and motivate them to
improve their entries.
Require approval – It is possible to provide feedback and give a student a
chance to create a high-quality entry before it is displayed to other students.
Grades – The best motivation for students to try to do well in an assignment.
It is recommended to use grades together with teacher feedback provided in
comments.
Presets
To avoid having to define fields and templates anew every time, it is possible to use
presets. They allow saving database fields and templates as a single set and reuse it
anywhere on a Moodle site. A database has one preset by default – Image Gallery.
To use a Preset:
1. In the database page, click on the Preset tab.
2. In the field Import from zip file, locate a ZIP file on the computer’s drive and click
Import, or choose a previously loaded preset.
3. If necessary, customize the fields and templates.
If you wish to share your database presets with others, two options are available:
1. Export as a ZIP file. It can then be imported to a different Moodle course or site.
2. Save as a preset. The preset will be published on the entire Moodle site and
displayed in the preset list. A published preset can be deleted at any time.
Note:
Only fields and templates are saved in presets. Database entries (data) are not saved
and exported.
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Quizzes
Evaluation of knowledge is very important in any learning process. As it is not possible to
see what is going on in a student’s head, a way is necessary for students to demonstrate
what they know and understand, and what they do not. A well-designed quiz can
present a very objective view of the situation. By receiving feedback from the teacher,
students are also able to adapt their learning process and be more successful at
achieving their study goals.
The Moodle Quiz module is one of the most complex parts of the system. It presents a
wide variety of possibilities, such as:
creating quizzes with various types of questions;
generating random quizzes from selected questions;
allowing students to take a quiz multiple times;
automatically checking and grading answers.
The usual process of creating a quiz:
1. A question bank is created in the course. It includes:
1.1. Creation of the question category framework.
1.2. Adding quiz questions to the categories.
2. A Quiz activity is created in the course. It includes:
2.1. Activity settings (availability, number of attempts allowed, etc.).
2.2. Adding questions to the quiz from the question bank.
The following terms are connected with Moodle quizzes:
Question bank – Each Moodle course has its own question bank. Questions can
be created in the Moodle editor or imported from a file. Questions can also be
exported to a file to transfer them to a different Moodle course or edit in offline
mode.
Question categories – Each question falls under a specific question category.
Categories can be arranged in a tree structure. For example, the category
Continents may have subcategories Europe and Australia.
Question type – Moodle supports the traditional question types: radio buttons,
true/false, essay, answer matching, description, calculation, etc.
When evaluating the answers, it is also possible to specify partially correct
answers. If a question is answered incorrectly on the first quiz attempt, a
penalty can be applied.
Question Bank
Each course has its own question bank, and the questions contained in it can be used in
quizzes created within this course.
To open a course’s question bank:
1. In the Administration block of the course’s homepage, click the Questions link.
2. The question bank window is opened (see image No. 24). Here it is possible to:
2.1. View the list of questions in the selected category;
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40
2.2. View, edit and delete a question;
2.3. Move a question to a different category;
2.4. Edit question categories.
Image No. 24. Quiz question bank
Question Categories
Questions in a bank are arranged in categories – similarly to how files on a disk are
arranged in directories. It is very important to create a logical category structure right at
the beginning, because:
When creating a new question, it will be necessary to choose a category for it.
The list of questions in the bank is displayed by categories. When trying to find a
question (to view, edit, add to a quiz, etc.), it will first be necessary to choose
the category whose questions to view.
When adding random questions to a test, they are taken from the specified
category.
By default, a course has only one category – Default.
To create a question category:
1. In the Administration block of the main page of the course, click the link Questions.
2. Click on the Categories tab.
3. In the Parent field, specify the category under which the new category will be
hierarchically placed. The course root category Top means that the category will be
located at the highest level of the hierarchy of categories.
4. In the Name field, enter a short description of the category.
5. In the Category info field, enter more detailed information about the category.
6. Click the button Add category.
The following actions can be performed with question categories:
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Change parent category – Available methods: In the category list, click on the
name of the category. In the category edit window, choose a different parent
category from the list and save the changes. The other method is using the
Move up, Move down, Left and Right buttons in the category list to change the
hierarchical position of the category.
Delete category – In the category list, click the Delete icon. If the category
contains questions, you will be offered to have them moved to a different
category.
Quiz Question Types
When at least the initial question category framework has been created, it is possible to
start creating quiz questions. The following question types can be used in Moodle:
Multiple Choice – In response to the question, the student chooses from
multiple answers. Multiple choice questions can be single-answer (radio
buttons) or multiple-answer (checkboxes). Each answer can be assigned a grade
percentage – the percentage of the total points for the question that selecting
this response is worth.
Short Answer – In response to the question, the student enters a word or
phrase, which is compared in the system with the correct answers specified by
the teacher. Answers may or may not be case-sensitive. It is possible to use the
asterisk character (*) as a wildcard to match any series of characters.
Numerical – From the student perspective, a numerical question looks just like a
short-answer question. The difference is that numerical answers are allowed to
have an accepted error. For example, if the correct answer is 30 and the
accepted error is 5, any answer in the range from 25 to 35 will be considered
correct.
True/False – The question is presented as a statement. The student has to
choose whether it is true or false.
Matching – A list of concepts and their definitions has to be created.
The student must “match” each concept with the correct definition. It is also
possible to add completely incorrect answers.
Embedded Answers (Cloze) – These very flexible questions consist of a passage
of text (in Moodle format) that has various answers embedded within it,
including multiple choice, short answers and numerical answers.
Random Short-Answer Matching – From the student perspective, these look
just like Matching questions. The difference is that the sub-questions and their
answers are randomly drawn from Short Answer questions in the current
category. Each question has only one correct answer.
Random – A random question is replaced with a randomly-selected question
from the specified question category when taking the quiz.
Description – This is not a real question. It simply prints some text (and possibly
graphics) without requiring an answer. This can be used to provide some
information to be used by a subsequent group of questions, for example.
Calculated – Calculated questions offer a way to create individual numerical
questions by the use of wildcards that are substituted with individual values
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when the quiz is taken. For example, the question is “What is the sum of A+B?”
During the quiz, A and B are replaced with random numbers. The correct answer
is calculated using the formula provided by the teacher. It is possible to set the
permissible margin of error (tolerance) for answers.
Essay – In response to a question, the student writes an answer in essay format.
The teacher must check and grade the essay. In addition, it is possible to add
teacher feedback.
Creating Questions
To create a new quiz question:
1. Open the question database – In the Administration block of the course’s
homepage, click the Questions link or open the Editing Quiz page.
2. In the Category menu, select the category in which to add the question.
3. In the menu Create new question, choose the question type. The window for
editing a new question is opened (see image No. 25).
4. Choose the General settings of the question (see the list below)
5. If necessary, choose specific settings for the question.
6. Click the button Save changes.
Image No. 25. Adding a question
Regardless of the quiz question type, the following General settings must be specified:
Question name – A short, descriptive name for the question. This name will be
displayed in lists in question banks when questions are added to a quiz.
The student will not see the question name in the quiz.
Question text – The text of the question, which the student will see in the quiz.
The question text is entered in the built-in HTML editor; it is possible to use text
formatting, add pictures, etc.
Image to display – If images have been uploaded to the course, it is possible to
choose from a list which image will be displayed alongside the question text.
Default question grade – How many points a student will be able to receive for
answering this question. It is recommended to leave the default value – 1.
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Penalty factor – If Adaptive mode has been enabled for the quiz, a penalty can
be applied for each wrong answer, reducing the number of points received.
The penalty factor is a number from 0 to 1. If 0 is entered, the penalty is not
applied. If 0.1 is entered, the student loses 10% of the maximum points for the
question for each failure. It is recommended to leave the default value – 0.1
General feedback – If this is enabled in the quiz settings, after completing the
quiz, the student will be shown the questions with the score obtained and the
teacher’s comments – feedback. The general feedback is not dependant on the
student’s answer to the question. It can be used to explain what kind of
knowledge the question tests, or specify where more information about this
subject can be found.
Shuffle the choices? – If enabled, the choices for this question will be arranged
in a different order each time. For this to work, Shuffle within questions must
be enabled in the quiz settings.
Answer – Text with the answer option. Does not allow adding pictures.
Grade – In questions with several answers, percentage grading is used to show
how correct/incorrect the particular answer is. It is possible to specify partially
correct answers or negative points. When a negative score is obtained, the
grade given for the question is 0.
Feedback – The teacher’s feedback about the chosen answer – why this answer
is correct or incorrect. It is especially recommended to use feedback in training
quizzes. When creating questions, it is possible to enter feedback for each
individual answer, as well as standard feedback for correct, incorrect or partially
correct answers.
Importing Quiz Questions
Moodle allows preparing questions in a text file and then import them to a course.
It allows preparing questions without being connected to the Moodle server. Work in a
familiar word processor may be faster and more efficient than working in a browser.
To import questions in Latvian, the import file must be encoded with UTF-8.
These are the most important formats for importing questions:
GIFT – The most complete format for importing questions from a text file.
The format supports the following questions: Multiple choice, True/False, Short
answer, Matching pairs, Numerical. Questions in Latvian are not supported!
Moodle XML format – a Moodle-specific format. Allows exporting questions
from one course and importing them to another. To get acquainted with the
format, it is recommended to export a question category and view the result.
A Microsoft Word template is freely available online that allows making quiz questions
in Microsoft Word and saving them in Moodle XML format. With the created XML file,
questions can be imported to the selected question category. The template is available
at http://www.finemetronome.com/moodle/
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Adding a Quiz to a Course
When a sufficient number of questions have been prepared in a course, it is possible to
start using them in quizzes.
To add a quiz to a course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
2. In the Add an activity... menu, choose Quiz in the section of the course to which the
activity is to be added.
3. The window for adding a new object is opened (see image No. 26). In the Name
field, enter a descriptive name for the activity.
4. In the Description field, enter detailed information for the students about this
activity – what is its purpose, what will be the limitations, the grading system, how
the quiz will affect the final grade of the course. Especially for the first few times, it
is recommended to provide instructions to the students about how to begin the
quiz, submit answers and finish work.
5. Choose the General settings of the quiz (see the table below)
6. Specify whether course groups will be used in this activity.
7. Choose whether the resource will be visible to or hidden from the students.
8. Click the button Save and return to course.
Image No. 26. Adding a quiz to a course
A summary of the general quiz settings:
Section
Timing
Description
Open/Close the quiz – The time when the quiz is/is not available
to students. By default, a quiz is always available.
Time limit (minutes) – The time for completion of the quiz.
Time delay between attempts – How much time has to pass
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Section
Moodle
Description
before the quiz can be taken again.
Display
Attempts
Grades
Review options
Security
Overall feedback
Questions per page – How many questions are displayed on each
page of the quiz.
Shuffle questions – If Yes, the selected questions are shown in the
quiz in random order.
Shuffle within questions – If Yes, the answer options in the quiz
are shown in random order.
Attempts allowed – How many times a user is allowed to take the
quiz.
Each attempt builds on the last – If Yes, each following attempt
will show the answers previously given. This allows completing
the quiz in several attempts. To show a fresh quiz on every
attempt, select No for this setting.
Adaptive mode – If enabled, students will be able to answer each
question several times during a single attempt at the quiz.
This can be useful in practice quizzes, but should definitely be
disabled for graded quizzes.
Grading method – Specifies how to grade the quiz if several
attempts are allowed.
Apply penalties – Whether to impose a penalty for each wrong
answer if a quiz is run in adaptive mode.
Decimal digits in grades – How many decimal digits to use in
grades.
Specifies what information to provide to students after
completing the quiz.
Browser security – The quiz will be displayed in a new browser
window, without the possibility to copy text and print the content
of the window .
Require password – Students have to enter a password provided
by the teacher to take the quiz.
Require network address – It will be possible to take the quiz only
from specific computer network addresses (ask your system
administrator).
The teacher’s feedback about the entire quiz depending on the
results achieved.
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Adding Questions to a Quiz
When a quiz activity has been added to a course and configured, questions must be
added to the quiz from a database.
Image No. 27. Adding questions to a quiz from a question bank
To add questions to the quiz and specify a grade:
1. Click on the quiz name in the course’s homepage. The Quiz section of the Edit tab in
the quiz editing page is opened (see image No. 27). In the left side, there is a list of
the Questions in this quiz, in the right – the Question bank.
2. In the Category menu, select the category in which the necessary question is
located.
3. Add fixed questions to the quiz. The available actions:
3.1. To add multiple questions – tick the Select checkbox of the questions to be
added and click the button < Add to quiz.
3.2. To add an individual question – click the link << (Add to quiz) next to the
question that is to be added.
4. To add randomly selected questions to the quiz: in the Add menu, specify how many
random questions to add to the quiz, and click the Add button.
5. When the questions have been added, in the Maximum grade field enter the
maximum number of points and click the button Save changes.
Note:
It is not possible to add new questions or remove questions from a quiz if students have
already made attempts at the quiz. If it is necessary to do so, all student attempts must
first be deleted.
Quizzes with Fixed Questions
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If a question is added to a quiz, it will appear on the left of the page under Questions in
this quiz. The question will still also show up in the database list, however nothing will
happen when trying to add it to the quiz again.
The order of questions in the quiz can be changed by using the arrow icons, unless the
quiz is set to shuffle questions. The questions added to the quiz can be edited; the
changes can be saved in the same question or as a new question.
Random Questions
It is possible to add random questions to a quiz from a selected question category.
Note that:
Each random question is replaced with a question from the specified category
for each attempt at the quiz.
One and the same question never appears twice during one attempt at the quiz.
If random questions are used in conjunction with manually selected questions,
the random questions will never duplicate the manually chosen ones.
If you wish to offer significantly different quiz versions to the students,
a number of extra questions must be prepared.
Grading Quizzes
A quiz is graded with the specified scale – 10 points by default. The number of points for
a quiz can be changed depending on the course evaluation criteria. For example, the
maximum number of points for a quiz can be set to 20 if the result of the quiz makes up
20% of the final course grade.
Each question has its own maximum number of points that is obtained by answering the
question correctly. If the total number of points for questions differs from the number
of points for the quiz, the grading of questions will be proportionally adjusted.
For example, a quiz has 5 questions, each giving 1 point for a correct answer.
The maximum grade for the quiz is set to 10. It means that:
A student will receive 2 points for each correct answer.
By answering all 5 questions correctly, the students will receive the maximum
grade for the quiz – 10 points.
The system does not offer setting the number of points that must be achieved for the
quiz to count as passed.
Previewing and Testing Quizzes
When a quiz has been prepared, in the Preview section it is possible to test how it will
appear and work for the students. All features of the quiz are functional in this mode –
random questions, grading, feedback on answers, penalties for repeated attempts.
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48
Each question can be tested individually by entering the answer and clicking the button
Submit all and finish. If necessary, the question can be corrected right away.
The Moodle environment does not have a quiz question summary field displaying the
status of each question (answered/not answered) during the quiz and allowing to jump
to a specific question. Moodle allows freely switching between the quiz pages and
modifying answers before the quiz is submitted.
Managing Quizzes
When students begin taking quizzes, the teacher is able to view the results, manually
correct essay-type questions, analyse what topics in the course are difficult for the
students. These actions are available under the Results tab of the quiz editing page.
It contains 4 subsections:
Overview,
Regrade,
Manual grading,
Item analysis.
Overview of Quiz Results
To view the quiz attempts of students:
1. On the course’s homepage, click on the quiz name. On the course Info page:
1.1. Click
the
Attempts
link
(Attempts:
(number
of
attempts))
– or –
1.2. Click on the Results tab.
2. The Overview page is opened (see image No. 28.).
Image No. 28. Overview of quiz results
The table here displays all attempts at the quiz with the grades achieves. In the results
table, it is possible to:
Show and hide the columns of the table.
Order the table by a particular field – by clicking on the title of the respective
column.
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View detailed information about the marks received for each question – enable
Show / download marks for each question and click on Save preferences.
View a student’s quiz questions, answers and marks received – click on the date
of the quiz attempt.
Delete quiz attempts – tick the checkbox of the attempt and click on Delete
selected attempts.
Export the quiz results in ODS, Excel and text format – click the Download…
button of the desired format.
Regrading
If the grades given for a question or the entire quiz have been changed, it is necessary to
regrade the quiz attempts that have already been made – click on the Regrade tab.
The regraded results will be viewable by clicking the respective links.
Manual Grading
Essay-type questions must be graded manually by the teacher. When grading, it is
necessary to specify the marks received for the answer and/or the teacher’s comments.
Manual grading is done as follows:
Open a student’s test attempt. At the question to be graded, click the link Make
comment or override grade;
– or –
Open the quiz section Results, Manual grading. Choose the question to be
graded and click on a student’s answer.
Note:
It is possible to override the grade or make comments even for automatically graded
questions.
Item Analysis
The table presents data that allow analysing the role of each question in the overall
result of the quiz. The statistical parameters are calculated according to the classical test
theory.
Recommendations for Preparing Quizzes
Some suggestions for successful use of quizzes in the study process:
Try to ensure that each question is connected with one of the course’s goals.
Try to give multiple questions about the most important aspects of the course.
This will provide more data about the level of understanding of the course.
In multiple-choice questions, try to make the incorrect choices represent typical
mistakes in the understanding of the material.
Test the prepared questions. When a question bank has been created, the
reports system allows determining how useful each question is.
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Course Management
The study resources and activities added to a course automatically appear as links in the
central part of the course’s homepage – in the contents of the course. To make the
latest or most important information more easily accessible, it is possible to add course
blocks in the sides of the homepage.
Moodle Blocks
Moodle blocks are areas in the sides of the course page that can be hidden or displayed
as required. Moodle blocks allow easily displaying the latest course information, such as
a list of the course’s current participants, calendar, upcoming events, latest news,
administration tools, etc. Some blocks are added to a course by default.
Moodle blocks:
People – Allows opening a list of the course participants.
Activities – Offers links to course activities and resources – chat, glossary,
quizzes, course resources, etc.
Search Forums – Search the forums of the course.
Administration – A block for the teacher for creation, teaching and
management of the course.
My courses – A list of the user’s courses.
Latest News – Messages about the latest news of the course, prepared by the
teacher and posted in the course news forum.
Upcoming Events – A list of the upcoming events. Events in the calendar can be
created by the teacher or the student itself. Global, course, group or individual
events are available.
Recent Activity – The latest changes in the course. The system automatically
notifies about changes, for example, materials published or new posts in
forums.
Blog Menu – Shows links for blog management.
Blog Tags – Displays a list with frequently used blog tags. Popularity is indicated
by the font size.
Calendar – Displays a calendar and planned events.
HTML – Adds additional text or pictures to the course page. Formatting of
content is done in the built-in HTML editor.
Online Users – A list of the course participants connected to the course during
the last 5 minutes. A time delay must be taken into consideration – not all
students visible in the list will actually be online at the moment.
Quiz Results – Allows displaying the best or worst results of a quiz. For example,
display the 5 best grades received in the quiz.
Random Glossary Entry – Displays a randomly selected glossary entry. Can be
used to show a quote or photo of the day in the course.
To add blocks to a course:
1. Click the button Turn editing on to enable course editing mode.
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2. In the Blocks block in the lower right side of the course’s homepage, choose the
necessary block from the Add... list.
3. If necessary, enter a name for the block and choose other configuration settings.
Important Actions in a Course
Teachers have a variety of tools available for the preparation and teaching of courses –
they allow customizing a course for various scenarios and target audiences. These tools
are available in the course Administration block (see image No. 29).
Image No. 29. Course administration block
Overview of important tools and actions:
Switch role to – Allows changing the user’s role in the system. A teacher can
switch to student role to test the course.
Groups – The teacher can group the course participants. Groups can be given
individual assignments; they can be hidden from one another.
Backup/Restore – Allows creating a backup file of the entire course or a part
thereof. A course can be restored from a backup on the same or a different
Moodle server.
Import – Allows selectively importing Moodle resources, activities and course
files from one Moodle course to another.
Reset – Resets the course. At the start of a new academic term, it is possible to
delete the previous term’s messages, discussions, activity registration files, etc.
Reports – Broad possibilities to analyse the student activity and results in
acquiring the course. Reports in numerical and graphical form; can be exported
to Excel.
Files – Allows managing the course files on the server – upload, move, rename,
delete, etc.
Grades – The course gradebook. The teacher sees and manages the summary of
all grades of the course for all students. The students are able to see only their
own grades received in the course and the teacher’s comments.
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Practical Tasks
User Information
Moodle e-learning server:
User account
user:
password:
Course
Name
Short name
Development course
Practical tasks _______
Practical _______
Practical tasks _______
Practical _______
(Role – teacher)
Development course of the righthand neighbour
(Role – student)
Task 1: Environment Settings
1. Open the address of the Moodle e-learning server in a web browser (see the section
User information).
2. In the Login block, fill the fields Username and Password (see the section User
information).
3. Click the Login button.
4. In the upper right corner of the window, choose a suitable interface language from
the drop-down menu, e.g., Latvian (lv).
5. Open your development course Practical ZZ. Check out the course environment –
the page header, blocks, sections with course topics.
6. In the Administration block, choose Settings. Review the settings of the course.
7. Return to the course homepage. In the upper right corner of the window, click the
link with your Name Surname. View the information in the Profile section.
8. Click on the Edit profile tab. Check the information that has been provided. See
what information can be changed by the user.
9. In the Description field, enter brief information about yourself.
10. Next to the title Description, click on the question mark icon. The help window will
open.
11. See what symbols are used to create the most popular emoticons.
12. Add at least one emoticon in the profile field Description.
13. Click the button Update profile.
14. See how the added description appears.
15. Return to the main page of the course.
16.
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Task 2: Using Course Resources
1. Open your development course Practical ZZ. If necessary, enable course editing
mode.
2. In the course’s introductory section Summary (the very first section without a
number), add the text About the course and set the style Heading 1.
3. Add a web page to the introductory section with information about the course and
teacher. While creating the page, use at least the following formatting tools:
heading styles, italicizing, underlining, bullets.
3.1. Resource: Compose web page
3.2. Name: Course overview
3.3. Summary: Course summary and information about the teacher
3.4. Full text:
Summary
In this course you will learn how to create and teach Moodle courses.
Teacher
The course is taught by Tom Teacher. To contact him, use:
E-mail: [email protected]
Phone: 22229999
4. Add a Label resource to the introductory section with the text Course study
resources, and set the style Heading 1.
5. Add a link to an external web site:
5.1. Resource: Link to file or web site
5.2. Name: Moodle homepage
5.3. Summary: The official website of Moodle – information about the system, etc.
5.4. Location: www.moodle.org
5.5. Window: New window
6. Review the materials created:
6.1. Turn off the course editing mode.
6.2. Switch to the Student role and view the created materials.
6.3. Return to your normal role.
Task 3: Using Files in a Course
1. Open the course file directory and make sure that it contains the file
Moodle_course_files.zip. Write down the name of the folder in which the file is
located: _____________________________________________________
2. Open your development course Practical ZZ.
3. In the Administration block, click the Files link. In the course files window, click the
button Upload file.
4. Click the Browse button. In the Choose file window, open the folder written down in
step 1, click on the file Moodle_course_files.zip, and click Open. Click the button
Upload this file.
5. In the Action column of the course file window, click the Unzip link opposite to the
file Moodle_course_files.zip.
6. See what files the archive contains and click the OK button.
7. Click on the names of the unzipped files and view the content of the opened files.
8. Return to the course homepage. If necessary, enable course editing mode.
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9. Under the label Course study resources, add a link to a PDF file:
9.1. Resource: Link to file or web site
9.2. Name: Using multimedia in evaluation of knowledge (PDF)
9.3. Summary: Chapter 6 of the book “Moodle 1.9 Multimedia”
9.4. In the Location field, select the file: Moodle_1.9_Multimedia_Chapt_6.pdf
10. Add a link to a PDF file with a PowerPoint presentation:
10.1.
Resource: Link to file or web site
10.2.
Name: Moodle presentation (PDF)
10.3.
Summary: A presentation in English
10.4.
In the Location field, select the file: Moodle_1.9_Presentation.pdf
11. Add a link to an MP3 music file:
11.1.
Resource: Link to file or web site
11.2.
Name: Queen – We Will Rock You (MP3)
11.3.
Summary: Queen – We Will Rock You (Invincible)
11.4.
In the Location field, select the file: Queen_We_Will_Rock_You.mp3
12. Add a link to an FLV video file:
12.1.
Resource: Link to file or web site
12.2.
Name: Moodle video presentation (FLV)
12.3.
Summary: The philosophy, principles and architecture of Moodle
12.4.
In the Location field, select the file: Moodle_Video_Presentation.flv
13. Add a link to a course file directory:
13.1.
Resource: Display a directory
13.2.
Name: Winter images
13.3.
Summary: 10 winter scenes
13.4.
Display a directory: Winter_images
14. Add an image gallery:
14.1.
Resource: LightBox gallery
14.2.
Name: Winter images
14.3.
Image directory: Winter_images
15. Check if all the added resources work.
Task 4: Forum Activity
1. Open the course Practical ZZ. If necessary, enable course editing mode.
2. Add the Label resource to section 1 of the course with the following text:
Communication in the course and style Heading 1.
3. Under the label Communication in the course, add the activity Forum with the
name General course discussions.
4. Move the Course News forum directly behind the label Communication in the
course.
5. Post two short news in the Course News forum.
Task 5: Assignment Activity
1. Open the homepage of the course Practical ZZ. If necessary, enable course editing
mode.
2. In section 1 of the course, add a label with the text Independent tasks, and set the
style Heading 1.
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3. Under the label Independent tasks, add the activity Assignment – Online text.
In the assignment, task the student with submitting an essay about an important
term of the course.
4. Turn off course editing mode.
5. Connect to your right-hand neighbour’s development course. Complete the
assignment with submission of an answer in text form.
6. Return to your development course Practical ZZ.
7. When your neighbour has completed the assignment, check his or her submission,
give a grade and feedback.
8. Connect to your right-hand neighbour’s development course. Check the grade and
feedback received for the assignment.
Task 6: Quiz Activity
1. Open the course Practical ZZ.
2. In the Administration block, open Questions, Categories.
3. Add a question category:
3.1. Parent: Top
3.2. Name: Easy questions
4. Add a question category:
4.1. Parent: Top
4.2. Name: Moderately difficult questions
5. Switch to the Questions section. Create at least 4 questions in the Easy questions
category. The following question types must be used:
5.1. True/False
5.2. Multi-Choice with a single correct answer
6. Open the course homepage. If necessary, enable course editing mode.
7. Add a quiz activity to section 1 of the course:
7.1. Activity: Quiz
7.2. Name: Easy quiz.
7.3. In the Introduction field, enter an explanation about the terms of completing
the quiz,
7.4. Allow changing the order of questions: Shuffle questions – Yes
7.5. Disable the adaptive mode: Adaptive mode – No
7.6. Review the other quiz settings and save the changes.
8. Add to this quiz one question from the category Easy questions and 2 more random
questions from this category. Specify that 10 points can be received for the quiz.
9. Open the Preview of the quiz. Try completing the quiz several times, make sure that
the questions are correct.
10. Connect to the development course of your right-hand neighbour. Attempt the
prepared quiz several times.
11. Return to your development course Practical ZZ.
12. When your neighbour has completed the quiz, check his or her results.
Task 7: Complex Quizzes
1. Open the course Practical ZZ.
2. In the Administration block, open Questions, Categories.
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3. Add a new question category:
3.1. Parent: Top
3.2. Name: Difficult questions
4. Switch to the Questions section. Create at least 6 questions in the category Difficult
questions. The following question types must be used:
4.1. Multi-Choice with a single correct answer.
4.2. Multi-Choice with several correct answers.
4.3. Matching
4.4. Short answers
4.5. Numerical
4.6. Calculated
5. Open the course homepage. If necessary, enable course editing mode.
6. Add a quiz activity to section 1 of the course:
6.1. Activity: Quiz
6.2. Name: Difficult quiz
6.3. In the Introduction field, enter an explanation about the terms of completing
the quiz.
6.4. Allow changing the order of questions: Shuffle questions – Yes
6.5. Disable the adaptive mode: Adaptive mode – No.
6.6. Review the other quiz settings and save the changes.
7. Add to the quiz 6 random questions from the category Difficult questions. Specify
that 10 points can be received for the quiz.
8. Open the Preview of the quiz. Try completing the quiz several times, make sure that
the questions are correct.
9. Connect to the development course of your right-hand neighbour. Attempt the
prepared quiz several times.
10. Return to your development course Practical ZZ.
11. When your neighbour has completed the quiz, check his or her results.
Task 8: Glossary Activity
1. Open the homepage of the course Practical ZZ. If necessary, enable course editing
mode.
2. Add a glossary activity to section 1 of the course:
2.1. Resource: Glossary
2.2. Name: Glossary of terms
2.3. Description: This glossary is a learning activity in which each student must
create two entries, which will be graded.
2.4. In the field Allow entries to be rated?, choose Use ratings
2.5. Grade: 10
2.6. Allow comments on entries – Yes
3. Add terms and definitions to the glossary:
3.1. Add at least 4 new terms.
3.2. Add a file to at least 1 term.
3.3. Add keywords to at least 2 terms.
4. Open the development course of your right-hand neighbour. Open the glossary
activity Glossary of terms:
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Moodle
4.1. Add 2 new terms.
4.2. Add comments to 2 existing terms.
5. Return to your development course Practical ZZ. Check the entries added by your
neighbour in the Glossary of terms. Add your comments and ratings.
6. Open the development course of your right-hand neighbour. View the ratings
received for the entries in the Glossary of terms.
7. Return to your development course Practical ZZ.
Task 9: E-course Management
1. Open the homepage of the course Practical ZZ.
2. Add text labels to section 2 and 3 of the course.
3. In the Administration block, select Settings. Get acquainted with the following
settings:
3.1. Format: Topics format, Weekly format, Social format
3.2. Number of weeks/topics.
4. Enable the course editing mode.
5. Add a new HTML block:
5.1. The block must contain text and a small picture.
5.2. Place the block in the upper left corner of the course’s window.
6. Add the block Random glossary entry.
6.1. Take the entries from the Glossary of course terms.
6.2. Enter your text for the links in the block.
7. Check if the random glossary entries are shown to students.
8. In the Administration block, select Backup. Create a backup of the course:
8.1. Choose to include all resources of the course.
8.2. Do not include any role assignments.
9. Return to the course homepage. In the Administration block, select Restore.
10. Opposite to the backup file, click the link Restore, Yes, Continue. Choose:
10.1.
To restore the data to the existing course by adding data.
10.2.
To restore all assignments, glossaries and questionnaire resources.
10.3.
Not to restore the course files.
11. After the restore operation, make sure that the resources have been restored
successfully.
Task 10: Gradebook
Implement a scenario where the final grade of the course consists of 60% Assignments
and 40% Quizzes.
1. In the Administration block of the course Practical ZZ, select Grades.
2. View the Grader, Overview and User reports. Try switching the report views with
icons.
3. In the menu Select action…, choose Categories and items: Simple view.
4. Add new grade categories:
4.1. Name: Quizzes
4.2. Name: Assignments
4.3. Name: Other
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5. Add quizzes to the grade category Quizzes:
5.1. In the Select column, select all quizzes of the course.
5.2. In the menu Move selected items, choose the category Quizzes
6. Add assignments to the grade category Assignments:
6.1. In the Select column, select all assignments of the course
6.2. In the menu Move selected items, choose the category Assignments
7. Add the other grade items to the Other category:
7.1. In the Select column, select the grade items not included in categories
(database, glossary, etc.).
7.2. In the menu Move selected items, select the category Other.
8. Switch the Aggregation setting of the course Practical ZZ to Weighted means of
grades. In the Weight field, set the following weights for grade categories:
9. Quizzes: 40
10. Assignments: 60
11. Other: 0
12. Save the changes by clicking Save changes.
13. Open the Grader report. Try switching the report views with icons.
14. Enable the gradebook editing mode by clicking the button Turn editing on.
15. Give a few grades to ungraded students and make sure that the grading formula is
working properly.
16. Export the gradebook in Excel format. Open the obtained file and view its content.
17. Open the development course of your right-hand neighbour. Open the gradebook
and view the grades received.
Task 11: Choices and Questionnaires
1. Open the main page of the course Practical ZZ. If necessary, enable the course edit
mode.
2. Under the heading Independent tasks, add the activity Choice:
2.1. Name: Voting for the best slogan
2.2. Description : Choose the best slogan for popularizing e-learning.
2.3. In the fields Choice (1, 2, 3,...), enter at least 3 different slogans.
2.4. Students can view ALL responses: After answering the questionnaire.
3. Under the heading Independent tasks, add the activity Questionnaire:
3.1. Name: Questionnaire on study habits
3.2. Description: Please respond about your study habits. The questionnaire is not
anonymous, and the teacher will know who has given which responses.
3.3. Submission grade: No grade
4. Open the Questions section of the questionnaire.
5. Add a Radio buttons question about study time:
5.1. Name: How many hours per week I study
5.2. Response Required: Yes
5.3. Radio buttons Alignment: Vertical
5.4. Question Text: How many hours per week do you usually devote to study?
5.5. Possible answers (without commas, each in its own line): Up to 1, 1–3, 3–5,
more than 5
6. Add an Essay Box question for optional comments:
6.1. Name: Comments
6.2. Response Required: No
6.3. Text area: 100 columns × 20 rows
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7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
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6.4. Question Text: Please tell more about your study habits!
Open the Preview section and make sure that there are no mistakes. Insert other
additional questions, if desired.
Open the development course of your right-hand neighbour.
Open the activity Voting for the best slogan and answer the question. The choice
should have responses from at least 2 students.
Open the activity Questionnaire on study habits and answer the questions. The
questionnaire should have responses from at least 2 students.
Return to your development course Practical ZZ. View the responses provided by
the students in the choice Voting for the best slogan and the Questionnaire on
study habits.
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Teacher Notes
The course materials are designed for a course of 16 academic hours, taught by a
teacher in a classroom. Theory and demonstrations comprise 50% of the course; the
other 50% consists of independent work of the participants.
Preparing the Moodle Environment
For evaluation of the students’ practical tasks, it is necessary to prepare user accounts
and development e-courses:
A Moodle user account (username and password) – for each student.
A blank Moodle development course – for each student.
The following settings must be specified for the student development courses:
Full name: Practical tasks ZZZ (where ZZZ is a unique number of the course)
Short name: Practical ZZZ
Format: Topics format
Number of weeks/topics: 5
Course enrollable: Yes
Availability: This course is available to students
For demonstration, the teacher can use an empty development course identical to the
students’ development course.
In addition, it is recommended to create an e-course where all the practical tasks have
been completed. This course may be used in demonstrations to show how a typical
Moodle e-course works.
The task Using Files in a Course uses course files. The teacher must make sure that the
students can access the necessary files from their computers. The available options:
Copy the necessary files to each student’s workstation.
Publish the files in the e-course. Make the students connect to the e-course and
save the files to their workstations.
Publish the files on a website. Make the students open the site and save the files
to their workstations.
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