Victron energy Phoenix Multi 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000, Phoenix Inverter 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000 Owner's manual

Victron energy Phoenix Multi 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000, Phoenix Inverter 12/1600; 12/2500; 24/1600; 24/3000 Owner's manual
GB
INSTALLATION MANUAL
INSTALLATIEHANDLEIDING
MANUEL D'INSTALLATION
INSTALLATIONSANLEITUNG
NL
F
D
Appendix
Phoenix Multi
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
Phoenix MultiPlus
12/2500/120
24/3000/70
Phoenix Inverter
12/1600
12/2500
24/1600
24/3000
1
Copyrights  2003 Victron Energy B.V.
All Rights Reserved
This publication or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form, by any method, for any
purpose.
For conditions of use and permission to use this manual for publication in other than the
English language, contact Victron Energy B.V.
VICTRON ENERGY B.V. MAKES NO WARRANTY, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, REGARDING THESE VICTRON ENERGY
PRODUCTS AND MAKES SUCH VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS AVAILABLE SOLELY
ON AN “AS IS” BASIS.
IN NO EVENT SHALL VICTRON ENERGY B.V. BE LIABLE TO ANYONE FOR SPECIAL,
COLLATERAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES IN CONNECTION WITH
OR ARISING OUT OF PURCHASE OR USE OF THESE VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS.
THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE LIABILITY TO VICTRON ENERGY B.V., REGARDLESS OF
THE FORM OF ACTION, SHALL NOT EXCEED THE PURCHASE PRICE OF THE
VICTRON ENERGY PRODUCTS DESCRIBED HEREIN.
Victron Energy B.V. reserves the right to revise and improve its products as it sees fit. This
publication describes the state of this product at the time of its publication and may not reflect
the product at all times in the future.
1. INSTALLATION
GB
This product should be installed by a qualified electrician
NL
1.1 Box Contents
F
Phoenix Multi, MultiPlus, or Inverter
User manual.
Installation manual.
Bag containing connection items, i.e.:
Temperature sensor.
•
Fuse (Mega fuse).
•
Four M8 nuts.
•
Four M8 washers.
•
Four M8 spring washers.
•
Charging current warning sticker.
•
D
•
•
•
•
1.2 Location
The product must be installed in a dry and well-ventilated area, as close as possible to the
batteries. There should be a clear space of at least 10 cm around the appliance for cooling.
Excessively high ambient temperature will result in the following:
Reduced service life.
•
Reduced charging current.
•
Reduced peak capacity, or shutdown of the inverter.
•
Never position the appliance directly above the batteries.
The product is suitable for wall mounting. The back of the enclosure has holes for wall
mounting purposes, see Appendix B.
The appliance can be mounted horizontally as well as vertically; vertical mounting is preferable.
The vertical position offers optimum cooling.
The interior of the product must remain accessible after installation.
Ensure that the AC and DC input cables are fitted with fuses and circuit breakers. Try and keep
the distance between the product and the battery to a minimum in order to minimize cable
voltage losses.
For safety purposes, this product should be installed in a heat-resistant environment
if it is used with equipment where a substantial amount of power is to be converted.
You should prevent the presence of e.g. chemicals, synthetic components, curtains
or other textiles, etc., in the immediate vicinity.
1
1.3 Requirements
•
•
•
•
•
Philips screwdriver (PH2) for removing the front.
Flat screwdriver (0.6x3.5) for connecting the AC leads.
Insulated box spanner (13 mm) for securing the terminal nuts and the fuse.
Two battery cables (maximum length 6 meters) including battery terminals and cable ends.
Three-wire cable.
1.4 Connection of Battery cables
In order to fully utilize the full capacity of the product, batteries with sufficient capacity and
battery cables with sufficient cross section should be used. See table.
Recommended battery capacity
(Ah)
Recommended cross section
(mm2)
(0 – 6 m)
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
200 – 700
400 – 1200
100 – 400
200 – 700
50
70
35
50
Remark: Internal resistance is the important factor when working with low capacity batteries.
Please consult your supplier or the relevant sections of our book “electricity on board”,
downloadable from our website.
Procedure
Proceed as follows to connect the battery cables:
Use an insulated box spanner in order to avoid shorting the battery.
Avoid shorting the battery cables.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
2
Undo the four screws at the front of the enclosure and remove the front panel.
Connect the battery cables: the + (red) on the right and the - (black) on the left, see
Appendix A.
Reverse polarity connection (+ to – and – to +) will cause the “reversed polarity” LED next
to the terminal nuts to light up.
Disconnect the cables and reconnect them correctly if the “reversed polarity" LED is
illuminated.
Tighten the connections after positioning the fastening items supplied with the product.
Position the Mega fuse from the connection bag in position F4 and secure it, using the
fastening items supplied with the product.
Secure the nuts tightly in order to reduce the contact resistance as much as possible.
1.5 Connection of the AC cabling
GB
The enclosure must be grounded for safety purposes. An earth screw has been
fitted at the bottom side of the enclosure.
NL
The terminal block can be found on the printed circuit board, see Appendix A. The shore or
mains cable must be connected to the Multi with the aid of a three-wire cable. Use a three-wire
cable with a flexible core and a cross section of 2.5 or 4 mm²
F
D
Procedure
Proceed as follows to connect the AC cables:
The AC output cable can be connected directly to the terminal block containing the words
•
"AC-out". The terminal points are indicated clearly. From left to right: “PE” (earth), “N”
(neutral) and “L” (phase).
The AC input cable can be connected to the terminal block containing the words “AC–in”.
•
The terminal points are indicated clearly. “PE” (earth) “N” (neutral) and “L” (phase).
1.6 Optional Connections
A number of optional connections are possible:
1.6.1 Second Battery
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus has a connection for charging a starter battery. For connection see
Appendix A.
1.6.2 Voltage Sense (Multi/ MultiPlus)
Two sense wires may be connected to compensate possible battery cable losses during
charging. Use wires of at least 0.75mm2. For connection see Appendix A.
1.6.3 Temperature Sensor (Multi/ MultiPlus)
The temperature sensor supplied with the product may be used for temperature-compensated
charging (see Appendix A). The sensor is insulated and must be mounted on the batteries
minus pole.
3
1.6.4 Remote Control
The product can be operated remotely in two ways.
Use of only an external switch.
•
With the aid of a remote control panel.
•
For connection of the switch see Appendix A.
Observe the following when using only an external switch:
Only functions if the switch on the product is switched to the "on" position.
•
Not to be connected if a remote control panel is connected.
•
For connection of a remote control panel, see Appendix A.
Observe the following when using a remote control panel:
Only functions if the switch on the product is switched to the "on" position.
•
1.6.5 External Relay (Multi/ MultiPlus)
The maximum current that can be switched through from the AC input to the AC output is 16 A.
At more than 16 A an external contactor is needed: please consult your supplier.
1.6.6 Parallel Connection
The product can be connected in parallel using several identical models, see Appendix G. The
batteries must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. This requires interconnecting
the products with the aid of a special cable to be supplied by Victron Energy, in conjunction with
a connection diagram.
Parallel connection requires compliance with the following conditions:
No more than five units should be connected in parallel.
•
Only identical models should be connected in parallel.
•
Ensure sufficient battery capacity is available.
•
The prescribed cable cross sections (between battery and distribution point) must be
•
multiplied with the number of appliances to be connected in parallel.
Position the products close to each other but ensure there is adequate clearance for
•
ventilation, min.10 cm.
The temperature sensor, voltage sensor and remote control must be connected to the
•
master.
The cables for each appliance must be equal in length (AC and DC).
•
1.6.7 3-phase operationmultiplus
The Phoenix MultiPlus can also be used in a 3-phase system, see Appendix 0. The batteries
must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. The following conditions should be
complied with in the case of 3-phase operation:
Only identical models should be used.
•
Ensure sufficient battery capacity is available.
•
Position the products close to each other but ensure there is adequate clearance for
•
ventilation (min. 10 cm)
The temperature sensor and voltage sensor should preferably be connected to all three
•
products.
Only a single remote control can be connected, using splitters.
•
4
2. SETTINGS
D
2.1 Settings – General
Settings may be changed with the aid of pushbuttons and dip switches (see Appendix A).
Dipswitches are used to activate set-up, and to determine the setting to be changed. The value
of this setting can be changed with the aid of the pushbuttons.
The value specified is shown on the LEDs. Sections 2.1.3 and 2.1.4 describe how the LEDs
can be read.
2.1.1 Default Settings
To restore the default settings, both pushbuttons should be held down for 3 seconds while setup is activated.
Activate Set-up
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
on
Activate set-up with
DS8 switched to On
F
•
NL
•
•
Settings may only be changed by a qualified engineer
Carefully read the instructions before changes are made.
When setting the charger, all connections to the battery must be disconnected
from the Phoenix Multi or MultiPlus.
Do not use non-rechargeable batteries.
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus default settings are for charging Sonnenschein
Dryfit A200 gel batteries. For the recommended battery voltage see section
2.4.
Batteries should be placed in a dry and well-ventilated area during charging.
GB
•
•
•
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
Select a setting using
DS3 - DS7 and set
the new value using
the pushbuttons.
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
Store the settings by
changing the position
of one of the switches
DS3-DS7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
Close set-up by
switching DS8 to Off
DS-1 and DS-2 are not used and must be switched to Off.
NOTE: The new value is stored by changing the position of one of the switches DS3-DS7. The
new value is NOT stored if set-up is closed without changing the position of one of the switches
DS3-DS7. This offers an escape route if the change is not to be implemented.
5
2.1.2 Reading LEDs – setting values (Multi/ MultiPlus)
The value of a setting can be determined on the basis of the following formula:
Value set = setting number * scale + offset
The ‘offset’ and the ‘scale’ are specified for each setting.
The setting number is indicated as follows via the LEDs:
The LEDs are divided into 2 columns of 4 LEDs each.
Each column indicates the numbers 0 - 9.
These columns together indicate 2-digit numbers.
The left column indicates the left-hand digit. The right-hand column shows the righthand digit.
The digit in a column can be determined by adding the separate ‘LED values’.
A flashing LED counts as 1 and an illuminated LED as 2.
A special case is 4 flashing LEDs. This signifies a 9.
Symbol
Meaning
LED off
LED flashes
LED lit up
LED value
0
1
2
All LEDs in a
column are
flashing
9
Examples of setting numbers:
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
2
6
=6
0
0
2
2
4
1
2
2
2
7
=47
0
0
1
2
3
9
=39
The increments can be smaller than the reading (scale value). In that case, a pushbutton
should be pressed repeatedly before the LED indication changes.
6
B
A
B
NL
A
GB
2.1.3 Reading LEDs – on-off (Multi/ MultiPlus)
In addition to the facility of setting a value, there is an on- off facility. This allows for switching
on/ off a particular setting, or for activating/ deactivating it. The left-hand column offers
possibility A and the right-hand column offers possibility B in the case of a dual choice setting.
F
=A
=B
D
The default setting is always A.
The definitions for A and B are shown with the value to be set.
2.1.4 Default settings
System frequency
Inverter Voltage
Charger on/ off
Charger characteristic
Charging Current
Battery Type Presets
Absorption Voltage
Absorption Time/ Maximum Absorption Time
Float Voltage
Repeated Absorption Time
Repeated Absorption Interval
Bulk Protection On/ Off
Mains Waveform Check
Generator/ Shore Current
Generator/ Shore Support
3-phase Setting
Master/ slave
50 Hz
230 Vac
on
Adaptive with battery protection mode
75% of maximum charging current
type 1
14.4/ 28.8 Vdc
4 hours
13.8/ 27.6 Vdc
1 hour
7 days
on
on
16 A
off
off
slave
7
2.2 System Frequency
The product can operate at 50Hz as well as at 60Hz.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5 on
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
off
Specify the frequency
Example
Specify the required frequency.
The default setting is 50Hz.
The left row of LEDs is for 50Hz.
The right row of LEDs is for 60Hz.
Press the buttons until the required
LED indication appears.
Required: frequency is 60Hz.
LED indication =
50Hz
60Hz
2.3 Inverter Settings
Inverter Voltage
The inverter voltage can be set at between 180Vac-245Vac.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
Specify the voltage
Example
Specify the required voltage Vq.
Determine the setting number:
scale=1V
offset=180V setting
number=(Vq-180)
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: voltage is 225V.
Setting number = 225-180 = 45.
LED indication =
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 1V.
NOTE: for setting the voltage of the Phoenix Inverter a voltage meter is to be used, because the
Phoenix Inverter has only 4 LEDs.
8
GB
2.4 Setting the Charger (Multi/ MultiPlus)
NL
When setting the charger, all connections between the battery and the Phoenix Multi must be
disconnected.
Please read our book “electricity on board”
(downloadable from our website www. victronenergy.com) for details and suggestions about
charging batteries.
F
Charger On/ Off
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
D
The Phoenix Multi charger can be switched off if required.
The default is on.
Switch the charger on or off
Example
Determine whether the charger is to
be switched on or off.
The default is On.
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: charger is off.
LED indication =
On
Off
Charging Characteristics
The Phoenix Multi/ MultiPlus has 3 pre-programmed charging characteristics.
Fixed Charging Characteristic:
The absorption period is a fixed preset period. Following the absorption mode, the charger
switches to float. In order to “refresh” the battery, the charger periodically switches back to
absorption.
Adaptive Charging Characteristic:
The absorption period depends on the charge delivered during bulk. This is followed by float
phase lasting 24 hours, after which the voltage is reduced by an additional 0,8 V resp. 1,6 V for
12 V resp. 24 V batteries. (reduced float). As with the Fixed-charging characteristic, the charger
will periodically switch back to absorption.
Adaptive Charging Characteristic with batterySafe mode (default setting):
If, in order to quickly charge a battery, a high charge current in combination with a high
absorption voltage has been chosen, the Phoenix charger will prevent damage due to excessive
gassing by automatically limiting the rate of voltage increase once the gassing voltage has been
reached
9
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
Set the charging characteristic
Example
Determine the required charging
characteristic:
1:
Fixed
2:
Adaptive
3:
Adaptive with BatterySafe
mode (default)
Required: charging characteristic
is Fixed.
Setting number = 1.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Charging Current
The default charging current is 75% of the maximum charging current. This current will be too
high for most applications. For most battery types the optimal charging current is 0.1-0.2x the
battery capacity,
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
off
Increment size is 1A.
10
Set the charging current
Example
Determine the required charging
current Iq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 2A
Offset = 0A
Setting number = Iq/2
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Battery capacity is 450Ah. The
recommended maximum charging
current is 450*0.2 = 90A.
Setting number = 90/2 = 45.
LED indication =
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
4
5
Battery Type Presets
User-specified
Sonnenschein Dryfit A200 Gel
Maximum
absorption
time
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3 on
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
28.8 V
Set the battery type
Example
Determine the battery type used.
Determine the setting numbers with
the aid of the table.
Press the keys until the required LED
indication is displayed.
NOTE: 0 cannot be selected but will
be displayed if the absorption
voltage, the float voltage or the
absorption time is changed.
Required: the battery type is
Victory:
Setting number = 4.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
The default setting is the Sonnenschein Dryfit A200 battery. Contact your battery supplier for
the correct charge voltages and change the voltage settings if required.
11
D
13.8
27.6
4 hours
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
2
Traction
15.0 V
30.0 V
13.8
27.6
6 hours
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
1
3
Semi-traction
14.4 V
28.8 V
14.0
28.0
5 hours
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
4
Victory1
14.8 V
29.6 V
14.0
28.0
5 hours
V/
V/
13.2V 26.4V
1
The optimal absorption voltage for flat plate lead acid batteries is subject to mechanical and
chemical properties. Batteries with high antimony content can typically be charged with a lower
absorption voltage than batteries with low antimony content, such as the Victron carbon fiber
battery. (Please refer to our book “Electricity on Board” downloadable from our website
www.victronenergy.com)
Set the DS 3-7
14.4 V
Float voltage
F
0
1
Absorption voltage
NL
Battery type
GB
A number of battery type presets simplify the process of setting the absorption/ float voltage and
maximum absorption time:
Absorption Voltage
The absorption voltage can be set at 12-16/ 24-32V. Battery, the T-sense and V-sense must be
disconnected during setting.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
off
off
Set the absorption voltage
Example
Determine the required absorption
voltage Vq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 0.1V
Offset = 12/24V
Setting number = (Vq24)/0,1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: absorption voltage is
28.5V.
Setting number= (28.5-24)/0.1 =
45.
LED indication =
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 0.05 V.
Absorption Time/ Maximum Absorption Time
This setting defines the absorption period in the case of the fixed charging characteristic and
the maximum absorption time in the case of the adaptive charging characteristic.
The (maximum) absorption time can be set from 1 to 8 hours.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
Set the (maximum) absorption time
Example
Determine the required (maximum)
absorption time Tq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 hour
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: (maximum) absorption
time is 4 hours.
Setting number = 4.
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
Increments are 1 hour.
12
Float Voltage
GB
The float voltage can be set at 12-16/ 24-32V. Battery, the T-sense and V-sense must be
disconnected during setting.
Example
Determine the required float voltage
Vq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 0.1V
Minimum = 12/24V
Setting number = (Vq24)/0,1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: float voltage is 28.5V.
Setting number= (28.5-24)/0.1 =
45.
LED indication =
0
0
1
0
2
2
2
2
4
5
Increment size is 0.05 V.
Repeated Absorption
After each charging cycle, the charger will be switched back to the high charging current after a
pre-set time, following the float phase. This switch back action is called "repeated absorption
mode", see Appendix C.
Repeated Absorption Time
The repeated absorption time can be set at 1 – 72 quarters of an hour.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
Set the repeated absorption time
Example
Determine the required Repeated
absorption time Tq in quarters of an
hour.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 quarter of an hour
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: Repeated absorption
time is 1 hour.
Setting number = 1 hour = 4
quarters of an hour
LED indication =
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
2
0
4
Increment size is a quarter of an hour.
13
D
off
off
off
off
Set the float voltage
F
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
NL
Set the DS 3-7
Repeated Absorption Interval
The repeated absorption interval, can be set at 1 – 45 days.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
off
Increments are 1 day.
14
Set the repeated absorption interval
Example
Determine the required reduced float
time Tq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1 day
Offset = 0
Setting number = Tq
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: reduced float time is 1
week.
Setting number = 7.
LED indication =
1
0
0
2
0
2
0
2
0
7
2.5 Special Settings
off
off
Determine whether the bulk cut out
should be switched on or off.
The default is On.
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: bulk cut out is off.
LED indication =
On
Off
D
off
Example
F
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
Switch the bulk cut-out to on or off
Mains Waveform Check
The Phoenix Multi checks if the mains voltage has not only the correct voltage, but also the
correct shape. When the Phoenix Multi does not function properly on a generator this function
can be disabled.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4
DS-3 on
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
Switch the Mains Voltage Check to
on or off
NL
Set the DS 3-7
GB
Bulk Protection On/ Off
If the charger has not reached the absorption voltage after 10 hours' charging in the bulk phase,
the battery may be defective. In order to prevent further damage, the charger will automatically
cut out after 10 hours' bulk. The “bulk” LED will start to flash.
This safety cut out can be switched off.
Example
Required: Mains Waveform
Determine whether the Mains
Waveform Check should be switched Check is off.
LED indication =
on or off.
The default is On.
On
Off
The left-hand LED column is for On.
The right-hand LED column is for
Off.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
15
PowerControl – Dealing with limited generator or shore side power
The Multi is a very powerful battery charger. It will therefore draw a lot of current from the
generator or shore side supply (nearly 10 A per Multi at 230 VAC). With the Phoenix Multi
Control Panel (PMC) a maximum generator or shore current can be set. The Multi will then take
account of other AC loads and use whatever is extra for charging, thus preventing the generator
or shore supply from being overloaded.
It is also possible to set the max. generator/ shore current internally.
The generator/ shore current can be set at 1 - 16A.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6 on
DS-5 on
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
Set the shore current
Example
Determine the required shore current
limitation Iq.
Determine the setting number.
Scale = 1A
Offset = 0
Setting number = (Iq)/1
Determine the LED indication.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: shore current limitation
is 16A.
Setting number = 16.
LED indication =
0
0
0
2
0
2
2
1
1
6
Increment size is 1A.
The remote control panel setting overrides the internal setting.
PowerAssist – Boosting the capacity of shore or generator power
The feature that distinguishes the Phoenix MultiPlus from the standard Multi is PowerAssist.
This feature takes the principle of PowerControl to a further dimension allowing the MultiPlus to
supplement the capacity of the alternative source. Where peak power is so often required only
for a limited period, it is possible to reduce the size of generator needed or conversely enable
more to be achieved from the typically limited shore connection. When the load reduces, the
spare power is used to recharge the battery.
Note: minimum shore current 4 A or generator capacity 2,5 kW required per MultiPlus.
16
Set the DS 3-7
Required: generator support is on.
LED indication =
Off
On
F
off
off
Determine whether the generator
support should be on or off.
The default is Off.
The left-hand LED column is for Off.
The right-hand LED column is for
On.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
NL
off
Example
GB
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6
DS-5 on
DS-4
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
Switch the generator support on or
off
D
17
3-phase Setting MultiPlus
Three identical units can t be interconnected for a 3-phase system, in accordance with
Appendix 0. The batteries must be connected in accordance with Appendix E or F. A number of
settings are then required for each unit.
Firstly, all units must be set for 3-phase operation.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7 on
DS-6 on
DS-5
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
Switch 3-phase operation on or off
Example
Determine whether 3-phase
operation should be on or off.
The default is Off.
The left-hand LED column is for Off.
The right-hand LED column is for
On.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
Required: 3-phase operation is
on.
LED indication =
Off
On
One of the three units must be set as the "master" following this setting.. No further settings are
required for the other units.
Set the DS 3-7
DS-8
DS-7
DS-6
DS-5 on
DS-4 on
DS-3
DS-2
DS-1
off
off
off
Set the master/ slave
Example
Required: this unit is the master.
Determine master or slave.
LED indication =
The default is slave.
The left-hand LED column is for
slave
master
slave.
The right-hand LED column is for the
master.
Press the pushbuttons until the
required LED indication is displayed.
2.6 Maintenance
The Phoenix Multi does not require specific maintenance. Annual checking of all connections
and eventually removal of dust suffices. Protect the product from humidity and oil fumes and
keep it as clean as possible.
18
3. TROUBLE SHOOTING TABLE
GB
NL
Proceed as follows for quick detection of common faults.
DC loads must be disconnected from the batteries and the AC loads must be disconnected
from the inverter before the inverter and/ or battery charger is tested.
Consult your Victron Energy dealer if the fault cannot be resolved.
F
Cause
Solution
The inverter fails to
operate when
switched on.
The “low battery”
LED flashes.
The “low battery”
LED on.
The “overload”
LED flashes.
The “overload”
LED on.
The “temperature”
LED flashes or is
on.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs flash
alternately.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs flash
simultaneously.
The “low battery”
and “overload”
LEDs are on.
The battery voltage is too high or
too low.
Ensure that the battery voltage is
within the correct value.
The battery voltage is low.
Charge the battery or check the
battery connections.
Charge the battery or check the
battery connections.
reduce the load.
One LED alarm is
on and the second
LED is flashing
The inverter cut out as a result of
the illuminated alarm indication
(LED). The flashing LED
indicates that the inverter nearly
cut out as a result of the relevant
alarm.
The inverter cuts out because the
battery voltage is too low.
The load on the inverter is higher
than the nominal load.
The inverter cuts out due to
excessive load.
The ambient temperature is too
high, or the load is excessive.
Low battery voltage and excessive
load.
Voltage ripple on the DC input
exceeds 1.25Vrms.
The inverter cuts out as a result
of excessive voltage ripple on the
DC input.
reduce the load.
Place the inverter in a cool and
well-ventilated room, or reduce
the load.
Charge the batteries, reduce the
load or install batteries with a
higher capacity. Use shorter
and/ or thicker battery cables.
Check the battery cables and
terminals.
Check the battery capacity;
increase if necessary.
Install batteries with a higher
capacity. Use shorter and/ or
thicker battery cables and reset
the inverter (switch off and on
again).
Check the table for the
appropriate course of action.
19
D
Problem
Problem
The charger is not
functioning
The battery is not
being charged fully.
Cause
Solution
The mains voltage or mains
frequency is out of range.
Ensure that the mains voltage is
between 185 Vac and 265 Vac,
and that the frequency matches
the setting.
The thermal circuit breaker has
tripped.
Reset the 16 A thermal circuit
breaker.
Incorrect charging current.
Set the charging current at
between 0.1 and 0.2x battery
capacity.
Check the battery terminals.
A defective battery connection.
The absorption voltage has been set Adjust the absorption voltage to the
to an incorrect value.
correct value.
The float voltage has been set to an Adjust the float voltage to the
incorrect value.
correct value.
The battery is
overcharged.
The DC fuse is defective.
Replace the DC fuse.
The absorption voltage has been set
to an incorrect value.
The float voltage has been set to an
incorrect value.
A defective battery.
Adjust the absorption voltage to the
correct value.
Adjust the float voltage to the
correct value.
Replace the battery.
The battery is too small.
Reduce the charging current or
use a battery with a higher
capacity.
Connect a temperature sensor.
The battery is too hot.
20
4. TECHNICAL DATA
12/1600/70
12/2500/120
24/1600/40
24/3000/70
9,5-16,1
9,5-16,1
19,0-32,2
19,0-32,2
GB
Phoenix
INVERTER and Multi/ MultiPlus
Output voltage (V AC)
230 ± 2%
Frequency (Hz)
50 ± 0,1%
2500
2000
1600
1300
3000
2500
Cont. output power at 40 °C (W)
1100
1600
1200
2000
Peak power (W)
2300
4500
3000
6000
Maximum efficiency (%)
93
93
94
94
Zero-load (economy) power (W)
6
6
6
6
D
1600
1300
F
Cont. output power at 25 °C (VA)
Cont. output power at 25 °C (W)
NL
Input voltage range (V DC)
CHARGER (Multi/ MultiPlus only)
Input voltage range (V AC)
187-265
Frequency (Hz)
50 ± 0,1%
Power factor
Charge voltage 'absorption' (V DC)
1
14,4
14,4
28,8
28,8
Charge voltage 'float' (V DC)
13,8
13,8
27,6
27,6
Storage mode (V DC)
13,2
13,2
26,4
26,4
Charge current house batt. (A)
70
120
40
70
Charge current starter batt. (A)
4
4
4
4
Battery capacity (Ah)
200-700
400-1200
100-400
200-700
Temperature sensor
√
√
√
√
GENERAL
Forced cooling
√
√
√
√
Protection (2)
a–h
Operating temp. range
0 - 50°C
Humidity (non condensing)
max 95%
ENCLOSURE
Material & Colour
aluminium (blue RAL 5012)
Battery-connection
M8 bolts
230 V AC-connection
Protection category
Weight (kg)
Dimensions (H x W x D in mm)
screw-clamp 2,5 mm²
IP 21
12
18
12
18
362x258x218
STANDARDS
Safety
EN 60335-1, EN 60335-2-29
Emission
EN 50081-1, EN55014, EN 61000-3-2, EN 61000-3-3
Immunity
EN 55014-2
Automotive Directive
95/54/EC
21
5. APPENDIX
GB
A Overview connections
NL
J
I
F
D
H
Appendix
B
TRV-SENSE
K
T-SENSE
G
L
+
A
D
E
M
- + - +
F
-
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
Shore supply. AC in: (left to right) PE (ground), N (neutral), L (phase).
Connector for remote panel.
Load connection. AC out: (left to right) PE (ground), N (neutral), L (phase).
Megafuse F4.
Battery minus.
Battery plus.
Terminals for: (left to right) Voltage sense plus, Voltage sense minus, Starter battery plus,
Starter battery minus, Temperature sensor plus, Temperature sensor minus.
H Connections for remote switch: Short left and middle terminal to switch the Multi “on”, Short
right and middle terminal to switch the Multi to “charger only”.
I Dipswitches DS1 tm DS8 for set-up mode.
J Pushbuttons for set-up mode.
K Used for Parallel and 3-Phase operation, J7 IN.
L Used for Parallel and 3-Phase operation, J8 OUT.
M “Reversed polarity” LED.
2
B Dimensions
GB
NL
F
D
3
C Charge characteristics
C h a rg e c u rr e n t
120%
100%
80%
Am ps
60%
40%
20%
0%
Tim e
V o l ts
C h a r g e v o lta g e
32
16
30
15
28
26
Battery Safe
mode
5 x Bulk-hours or
Max. Absorption time
14
13
12
24
11
22
10
Tim e
Bulk hours
Absorption
1 day
float
7 days
reduced float
7 days
reduced float
1 hour Repeated Absorption
4-stage charging:
Bulk-mode: Entered when charger is started. Constant current is applied until nominal battery voltage is reached,
depending on temperature and input voltage, after which constant power is applied up to the point where excessive
gassing is starting (14.4V resp. 28.8V, temperature compensated).
Battery Safe Mode: The applied voltage to the battery is raised gradually until the set Absorption voltage is reached. The
Battery Safe Mode is part of the calculated absorption time.
Absorption-mode: Absorption voltage is applied until {actual-Bulk-Ah*5 / max.adjusted-Bulk-current} (in hours) is
reached. Usually {actual-Bulk-Ah*5} = {max.adjusted-Bulk-current * Bulk-hours *5}, but the actual-Bulk-current can be
limited by ambient temperature, or remote control. The maximum time in Absorption mode is the Maximum Absorption
time set.
Float-mode: Float voltage is applied to keep the battery fully charged and to protect it against self-discharge.
Reduced Float: After one day of Float charge a reduced Float charge is applied. This is 13,2V resp. 26,4V (for 12V and
24V charger). This will limit water loss to a minimum when the battery is stored for the winter season.
After an adjustable time (default = 7 days) the charger will enter Repeated Absorption-mode for an adjustable time
(default = 4 quarters).
4
D Temperature compensation
GB
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60
Battery temperature
Default output voltages for Float and Absorption are at 20°C. Reduced Float voltage follows
Float voltage and Raised Absorption voltage follows Absorption voltage. In adjust mode
temperature compensation does not apply.
5
D
0
F
30
29
28
27
26
25 Volts
24
23
22
21
20
NL
15.0
14.5
14.0
13.5
13.0
Volts 12.5
12.0
11.5
11.0
10.5
10.0
E Star connect schematic
_
Length La=Lb=Lc
Length Ld=Le=Lf
_
+
+
_
+
_
+
+
_
+
_
+
La
Lb
Lc
F1
Ld
Le
Lf
F2
F3
F4
F Rail connect schematic
_
Length La=Lb=Lc
Length Ld=Le=Lf
Lb
La
Ld
F2
_
6
+
F1
Lc
Le
F3
Lf
F4
G Parallel connect schematic
GB
NL
F
remote
control
D
L in
N in
AC in
PE
L out
N out
PE
AC out
3-Phase connect schematic
remote
control
L1
L2
L3
N in
AC in
PE
L1
L2
L3
N out
PE
AC out
7
Serial number:
Distributor:
Victron Energy B.V.
The Netherlands
General phone:
Customer support desk:
General and Service fax:
Sales fax:
+31 (0)36 535 97 00
+31 (0)36 535 97 77
+31 (0)36 531 16 66
+31 (0)36 535 97 40
E-mail:
Internet site:
[email protected]
http://www.victronenergy.com
Article number:
Version:
Date:
ISM010054000
00
01-01-2003
8
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