UML-Kit - PHYTEC
QuickStart Instructions
UML-Kit

phyCORE -PXA270
Using the UML Tool Rhapsody from Telelogic and the GNU Cross
Development Tool Chain
Note: The PHYTEC UML-XScale-Disc includes the electronic version of
the English phyCORE-PXA270 Hardware Manual
Edition: April 2008
A product of a PHYTEC Technology Holding company
phyCORE-PXA270
QuickStart Instructions
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In this manual are descriptions for copyrighted products that are not explicitly indicated
as such. The absence of the trademark () and copyright () symbols does not imply
that a product is not protected. Additionally, registered patents and trademarks are
similarly not expressly indicated in this manual.
The information in this document has been carefully checked and is believed to be
entirely reliable. However, PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH assumes no responsibility for
any inaccuracies. PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH neither gives any guarantee nor accepts
any liability whatsoever for consequential damages resulting from the use of this manual
or its associated product. PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH reserves the right to alter the
information contained herein without prior notification and accepts no responsibility for
any damages which might result.
Additionally, PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH offers no guarantee nor accepts any liability
for damages arising from the improper usage or improper installation of the hardware or
software. PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH further reserves the right to alter the layout
and/or design of the hardware without prior notification and accepts no liability for
doing so.
 Copyright 2006 PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH, 55129 Mainz, Germany.
Rights - including those of translation, reprint, broadcast, photomechanical or similar
reproduction and storage or processing in computer systems, in whole or in part - are
reserved. No reproduction may occur without the express written consent from
PHYTEC Messtechnik GmbH.
Address:
EUROPE
NORTH AMERICA
PHYTEC Technologie Holding AG
Robert-Koch-Str. 39
55129 Mainz
GERMANY
PHYTEC America LLC
203 Parfitt Way SW, Suite G100
Bainbridge Island, WA 98110
USA
Ordering
+49 (800) 0749832
Information: [email protected]
1 (800) 278-9913
[email protected]
Technical
Support:
+49 (6131) 9221-31
[email protected]
1 (800) 278-9913
[email protected]
Fax:
+49 (6131) 9221-33
1 (206) 780-9135
Web Site:
http://www.phytec.de
http://www.phytec.com
4th Edition: April 2008
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Contents
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1
2
3
4
5
6
Introduction .........................................................................................1
1.1 Rapid Development Kit Documentation.......................................1
1.2 Overview of this QuickStart Instruction.......................................2
1.3 Conventions used in this QuickStart.............................................3
1.4 System Requirements....................................................................4
1.5 The PHYTEC phyCORE-PXA270.............................................5
1.6 Software Development Tools .......................................................8
1.6.1 Telelogic UML Development Tool Rhapsody ................8
1.6.2 GNU Cross Compiler Tool Chain ...................................9
1.6.3 Eclipse Platform.............................................................10
Getting Started...................................................................................11
2.1 Requirements of the host platform..............................................11
2.2 Configuring the host platform.....................................................12
2.2.1 Installing Software packages: ........................................12
2.2.2 Setup Network Card Configuration ...............................18
2.2.3 Disabling the Firewall....................................................20
2.2.4 Configure User Rights for the Serial Interface..............21
2.3 UML-Kit Setup ...........................................................................23
2.4 Setup your GPIO-Extension-Board ............................................31
2.5 Configuring Komport .................................................................35
2.6 Downloading an Example on the Target ....................................37
Getting more involved .......................................................................38
3.1 Open and build a project.............................................................38
3.2 Design Level Debugging ............................................................44
3.3 Changing the demo application ..................................................54
Debugging an example project .........................................................57
4.1 Starting the GDB Server on the target ........................................58
4.2 Starting Eclipse ...........................................................................58
4.3 Open the demo project ................................................................60
4.4 Configuring Include - Paths........................................................64
4.5 Configuring and Starting the GDB debugger .............................68
4.6 Stepping and Watching Variables Content .................................77
Further Information..........................................................................81
Summary ............................................................................................82
5 min
40 min
60 min
40 min
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Introduction
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1 Introduction
5 min
In this QuickStart you can find general information on the PHYTEC
phyCORE-PXA270 Single Board Computer (SBC), an overview of
Telelogic’s UML-Tool and the GNU Cross compiler, and instructions on
how to run example programs on the phyCORE-PXA270, mounted on the
PHYTEC phyCORE Development Board PXA270 in conjunction with
UML-Tool Rhapsody from Telelogic.
Please refer to the phyCORE-PXA270 Hardware Manual for specific
information on such board-level features as jumper configuration, memory
mapping and pin layout.
1.1 Rapid Development Kit Documentation
This "Rapid Development Kit" (RDK) includes the following
electronic documentation on the enclosed "PHYTEC
UML-XScale-Disc":
• the PHYTEC phyCORE-PXA270 Hardware Manual
• controller User's Manuals and Data Sheets
1.2 Professional Support Packages available
This Kit comes with free installation support. If you do have any
questions concerning installation and setup, you are welcome to
contact our support department.
For more in-depth questions, we offer a variety of custom
tailored packages with different support options (e-mail, phone,
direct contact to the developer) and different reaction times.
Please contact our sales team to discuss the appropriate support
option if professional support beyond installation and setup is
important to you.
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1.3 Overview of this QuickStart Instruction
This QuickStart Instruction gives a general "Rapid Development
Kit" description, as well as software installation hints and an
example program enabling quick out-of-the box start-up of the
phyCORE-PXA270 in conjunction with the GNU Cross
compiler development tool chain and Rhapsody. It is structured
as follows:
1) The “Getting Started” section describes how to configure the
host platform and how download an embedded application to the
PXA-270.
2) The “Getting More Involved” section provides a step-by-step
instructions on how to create and build new projects, generate
and download output files to the phyCORE-PXA270 using
Rhapsody and modify the example.
3) The “Design Level Debugging” section provides an example
how to debug an application running on the PXA-270 with
Rhapsody on the host PC at “design level”.
4) The “Advanced Debugging” section provides information on
how to debug your application at “code level”
In addition to dedicated data for this Rapid Development Kit, the
PHYTEC UML-XScale-Disc contains supplemental information
on embedded microcontroller design and development.
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1.4 Conventions used in this QuickStart
The following is a list of the typographical conventions used in this book:
Italic
Used for file and directory names, program and command
names, command-line options, menu items, URLs, and
other terms that corresponds the terms on your desktop.
Bold
Used in examples to show commands or other text that should be
typed literally by the user.
Pay special attention to notes set apart from the text with the following
icons:
At this part you might leave be path of this QuickStart.
This is a warning. It helps you to avoid annoying problems.
You can find useful supplementary information about the topic.
At the beginning of each chapter you can find information of
the time to pass the following chapter.
You have successfully passed an important part of this
QuickStart.
You can find information to solve problems.
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1.5 System Requirements
Use of this "Rapid Development Kit" requires:
• the PHYTEC phyCORE-PXA270
• the phyCORE Development Board PXA270 with the
included DB-9 serial cable, Ethernet crosslink cable and AC
adapter supplying 12 VDC /min. 1A
• Rhapsody Demo version
• PHYTEC Distribution based on OSELAS from Pengutronix
• an IBM-compatible host-PC (486 or higher running Linux)
For more information and example updates, please refer to the
following sources:
http://www.phytec.de
[email protected]
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1.6 The PHYTEC phyCORE-PXA270
The phyCORE-PXA270 represents an affordable yet highly
functional Single Board Computer (SBC) solution in subminiature dimensions (70 x 57 mm). Its universal design enables
its insertion in a wide range of embedded applications.
All controller signals and ports extend from the controller to
high-density (0.635 mm) Molex pin header connectors aligning
two sides of the board, allowing it to be plugged like a "big chip"
into a target application.
The standard module runs at a maximum of 520 MHz internal
clock speed and offers 64 MByte (up to 128 MByte) SDRAM
and 32 MByte (up to 64 MByte) Flash on-board for DATA and
CODE storage.
The module communicates by means of one RS-232 transceiver,
one CAN bus interface, and a SMSC LAN91C111 10/100BaseT
Ethernet controller which enables implementation of the module
in embedded Internet applications. The phyCORE-PXA270
operates within a temperature range of -40°C to +85°C.
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The phyCORE-PXA270 offers the following features:
• subminiature Single Board Computer (70 x 57 mm) achieved
through modern SMD technology
• populated with the Intel PXA270 microcontroller
(BGA-360 packaging)
• improved interference safety achieved through multi-layer
PCB technology and dedicated Ground pins
• controller signals and ports extend to two 160-pin highdensity (0.635 mm) Molex connectors aligning two sides of
the board, enabling it to be plugged like a "big chip" into
target application
• max. 520 MHz clock frequency
• 32 MByte (up to 64 MByte) on-board Flash1
• 64 MByte (up to 256 MByte) RAM on-board
• one CAN transceiver
• RS-232 transceiver
• SMSC 91C111 Ethernet controller with configuration
EEPROM
• USB Client Interface and Host Interface
• 2 * PCMCIA / Compact Flash
• 2 * MMC card and MemoryStick
• LCD controller
• Synchronous Serial Protocol ports (SSP and NSSP)
• I2C Interface
• 4 * PWM
• RTC
• General purpose I/O pins (GPIO)
1
: Please contact PHYTEC for more information about additional module configurations.
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The Development Board PCM-990 is a universal carrier board for startup and programming of the PHYTEC phyCORE-PXA270 Single Board
Computer module with two high-density SMT (160 pins each, 0.63 mm
pitch) pin header connectors.
The Development Board is fully equipped with all mechanical and
electrical components necessary for the speedy and secure insertion and
subsequent programming of the high-density PHYTEC phyCORE
module. These components include TFT display connection, touch screen
interface, Ethernet transformer and connector, DB-9, USB and power
socket connectors.
phyCORE Development Board PXA270 Technical Highlights
•
•
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•
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Molex connectors for mating with phyCORE-PXA270 SBC module
Connector for 8.4" Sharp TFT display with 640*480 pixel resolution,
incl. adjustable inverter for background illumination
AC97 controller WM9712L with touch and sound interface (Line-IN,
Line-OUT, MIC-IN and 0.4 watts speaker)
Two DB-9 sockets for RS-232 interface from FF-UART and BTUART, 2*5 pin header for IR-UART
One DB-9 plug for CAN interface, optical isolation
RJ-45 Ethernet connector with transformer for 100/10 MBit/s
USB Host socket for PXA270 USB host interface
USB client socket for PXA270 USB client interface
Power supply for unregulated input voltage from 12 V (optional
24V). It supplies regulated +3.3 V for the phyCORE-PXA270.
Additional +5 V is created for the IDE and CF card and LCD/inverter
circuitry.
Optional battery charger circuitry for NiMH batteries
Power magement for MMC, CF, IDE and LCD display
Two user programmable LEDs
Optional IDE interface for two 2.5" hard disks (Master / Slave)
Interface for Matrix keyboards
JTAG interface
AC97 expansion port
Reset and GPIO push button
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QuickStart Instructions
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1.7
Software Development Tools
1.7.1 Telelogic UML Development Tool Rhapsody
As the embedded market grows, the systems are getting more
complex. Normaly, embedded systems are designed with a
functional approach, using e.g. the language C. With more
complex systems, this will lead to problems in quality,
reusability. The commercial market has established a standard
called Unified Modelling Language for developing complex
systems. But UML is also available for the embedded market.
With UML you can describe your system graphically by drawing
diagrams, showing the components and behaviour of your
system.
Today there are many UML tools on the market, most only
concentrating on designing the models. But with these tools, you
will get not much benefit from using UML because the code
needs to be developed seperatly from the model leading to
inconsistencies during the development cycles.
Telelogic´s UML software development tool Rhapsody is the
next step in software development for the embedded market. It
allows to graphically model the behaviour and functionality of
the embedded system and will generate productivity code from
the models. With this approach, your code and your model are
always consistent.
Rhapsody supports most of the UML 2.0 diagrams, including
•Use Case diagrams
•Class diagrams
•Object model diagrams
•Component diagrams
•Sequence diagrams
•Statecharts
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•Activity diagrams
Rhapsody will generate code witch consists of the class
interfaces that are given in the model and the behavior the user
gave these classes. Code can be added to the class definitions.
This code is then compiled with an external cross compiler
resulting in an application that will run on the target platform.
The application running on the target can be debugged at design
and code level on the host PC.
Rhapsody need to know the location of the cross compiler, so be
sure to first install the GNU Cross Compiler Tool Chain before
installing Rhapsody
1.7.2 GNU Cross Compiler Tool Chain
Cross-development in general refers to the overall software
development process that produces a single application or a
complete system running on a platform that is different from the
development platform. This is an important concept when the
target system doesn't have a native set of compilation tools, or
when the host system is faster and has greater resources.
The platform where the actual development takes place is called
the host platform. The platform where the final application is
tested and run is called target platform. In this QuickStart we are
using a x86-architecture based Linux as host platform. As target
platform we are using the arm architecture with a PXA270 CPU.
Building a program for a CPU architecture different from the one
used on the machine where the compilation is done, is
accomplished using a cross-compiler toolchain and crosscompiled libraries. In this QuickStart we are using the GNU
C/C++ Cross Development Toolchain.
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1.7.3 Eclipse Platform
The Eclipse Platform provides support for C/C++ development.
Because the Eclipse Platform is only a framework for developer
tools, it doesn't support C/C++ directly; it uses external plug-ins
for support. This QuickStart shows you how to make use of the
CDT -- a set of plug-ins for C/C++ development in conjunction
with the GNU GCC C/C++ Toolchain.
The CDT is an open source project (licensed under the Common
Public License) implemented purely in Java as a set of plug-ins
for the Eclipse SDK Platform. These plug-ins add a C/C++
Perspective to the Eclipse Workbench that can now support
C/C++ development with a number of views and wizards, along
with advanced editing and debugging support.
Due to its complexity, the CDT is broken down into several
components, which take the form of separate plug-ins. Each
component operates as an autonomous project, with its own set of
committers, bug categories, and mailing lists. However, all plugins are required for the CDT to work properly. Here is a list of the
plug-ins/components:
• Primary CDT plug-in is the "framework" CDT plug-in.
• CDT Feature Eclipse is the CDT Feature Component.
• CDT Core provides Core Model, CDOM, and Core
Components.
• CDT UI is the Core UI, views, editors, and wizards.
• CDT Launch provides the launch mechanism for external
tools such as the compiler and debugger.
• CDT Debug Core provides debugging functions.
• CDT Debug UI provides the user interface for the CDT
debugging editors, views, and wizards.
• CDT Debug MI is the application connector for MIcompatible debuggers.
.
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Getting Started
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2 Getting Started
40 min
In this chapter you will establish the basis to pass the steps in this
QuickStart. First you will learn how to configure the host platform. You
will install additional software packages and setup the network
configuration for connecting your host to the target. After connecting the
host to the target you will copy an application to the target. At the end of
this chapter you will be able start a first demo application on the target.
2.1 Requirements of the host platform
To pass the following steps in this Quickstart, you will need a
host pc with an installation of openSUSE 10.0 OSS (x86) and
KDE desktop.
When you are installing openSUSE 10.0, you can select KDE as
Desktop selection. The default packages to use openSUSE 10.0
with your host PC will be selected automatically. This default
selection will suffice to pass the steps in this QuickStart
Instruction. The installation of additional packages and
configurations will be described on the following pages.
In the following configuration steps we assume, that the host pc
is not connected to any other network. The target and host will
be connected with a cross-over cable via a peer-to-peer
connection. If your host is part of a company’s network, we
recommend disconnecting your host from such a network.
In this QuickStart Instruction you will have to shutdown the
firewall and configure the network card of your host pc. If your
host pc is connected to another network, changing the ip address
can cause conflicts with existing hosts.
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2.2 Configuring the host platform
In this passage you will learn how to configure the host platform.
You will install additional Linux software packages that are
necessary to accomplish the steps in the QuickStart Instruction.
Then you will setup the Network configuration to use the host pc
with your target and disable the firewall. If the firewall is
enabled, you will have problems with connections to the target.
2.2.1 Installing Software packages:
To accomplish the steps in the QuickStart Instruction you will
have to install additional packages.
If you don’t install all of these packages, the setup may fail
or some configuration steps won’t work correctly.
• Open the Control Center (YaST)
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Getting Started
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• Enter your root password and click on the OK button.
• Open Software Management in Software.
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• Select Filter Search.
• Type libxml2-devel and click Search button.
• Check libxml2-devel.
• Type python-devel and click Search button.
• Check python-devel
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• Type tftp and click Search button.
• Check the package tftp
• Type qt3-devel and click Search button.
• Check qt3-devel.
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• Select Filter Selections.
• Select C/C++ Compiler and Tools in the window selection.
• Select Tcl/Tk Development System in the window selection.
• Click Accept button.
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Some additional packages will be selected automatically to
resolve dependencies.
If problems occur while solving dependencies, we
recommend going back to a default configuration.
• Click on Continue to install the packages.
• Click on Finish.
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2.2.2 Setup Network Card Configuration
In the following step you will have to configure the ip address of
your host. We recommend disconnecting your host from any
other network. If you change the host ip, problems may occur
with existing hosts.
• Open the YasST Control Center if it is not already open.
• Choose Network Card in network devices.
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• Select the right network card, if more than one network card
is installed on your host.
• Click on button Edit to enter Network Address Setup.
•
Choose Static Address setup.
•
Enter IP Address 192.168.3.10 and Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
•
Click on the Next button.
•
Click on the Next button again to finish Network Card
Configuration.
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2.2.3 Disabling the Firewall
If you want to create a telnet or ftp session to the target, for
example you will have to add rules to allow access to these
services. To ensure that there are no problems with connections
to target, because of the firewall, the firewall should be disabled.
•
Choose Firewall in Security and Users
•
Choose Manually for Service Start.
•
Click on the Button Stop Firewall Now.
•
Click on Next and Accpet
The firewall is now disabled.
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2.2.4 Configure User Rights for the Serial Interface
•
Open the YasST Control Center if is not already open.
• Choose User Management in Security and Users.
• Select your username
• Select Edit
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• Select Details tab
• Check groups uucp
• Click Accept button.
• Click Finish button.
You have successfully finished the configuration of the host
platform.
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2.3 UML-Kit Setup
• Insert your UML-Kit CD-ROM in you CD-ROM
drive. You will see the following dialog:
The openURL /media/dvd is the directory to access the setup
dvd. If you have a cdrom drive you will see the openURL
/media/cdrom.
• Click button Ignore.
•
Open a terminal window in the Super User Mode (Root
Shell) and enter the root password. You need root privilege
to install the software.
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• Change to the cdrom / dvd directory:
cd /media/cdrom
or
cd /media/dvd
• Start the setup programm: ./install.sh
Don’t close the terminal program while the setup is running.
Be sure that you adjusted the right date on your PC. You can
see the date in lower right corner of your desktop. If your date
is in the past your installation may not work correctly.
• Click Yes to proceed
• After accepting the Welcome window and license agreement
select the destination location for the installation of the Linux
Kit software and click on Next.
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The default destination location is /usr/local/share/UMLKit. All
path and file statements within this QuickStart Instruction are
based on the assumption that you accept the default install paths
and drives. If you decide to individually choose different paths
you must consider this for all further file and path statements.
We recommend that you accept the default destination location.
Click next to install the setup files to /usr/local/share/UMLKit.
The GNU GCC /GLIBC Tool toolchain will be installed to the
standard default directory /opt/arm-iwmmx-linux-gnueabi.
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• Click Finish.
•
In the dialog box click Yes to install Rhapsody. If you want
to skip the installation of Rhapsody choose No.
Even if you have Rhapsody already installed on you system, it
is recommend to choose Yes and to install Rhaspody again into
a different directory. The OXF Framework in this Version was
specially build for an ARM Xscale target. The configuration
site.prp was adapted to use the GNU GCC C/C++ Toolchain
with Rhapsody.
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If you choose yes, a new window will be opened and the
Rhapsody setup will be started.
• Press Enter to read more or press “c” to skip.
• Accept the license agreement by pressing Enter.
• Enter the path of the directory to install the Rhapsody
software:
/usr/local/share/rhapsody
Do not use a slash at the end of the path
• Type “1” or press Enter to select C++.
Language Selection
1: C++
2: C
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3: Java
Please select at least
languages, as in 1, or
1,2,3 etc.
one
of
the
above
• Press Enter to use Rhapsody for C++ code generation
using C++ code generation with Rhapsody? [Y/N]Y
•
Enter the path of your C++ compiler. The default location is
/usr/bin. If you are using Suse Linux you can press Enter.
Please enter the directory
compiler can be found:
[/usr/bin]:
•
your
g++
You will be asked if your are using CDT3.1 integration in
Rhapsody. Press N.
Will you be using
Rhapsody ? [Y/N]:N
•
where
CDT3.1
integration
with
You will be asked if you are using MontaVista Standard PC
with Rhapsody. Press Enter for no.
Will you be using MontaVista 3.1 Generic x86
Industry Standard PC with Rhapsody ? [Y/N]:N
• Don´t install the GHS Tools by pressing N
• Install the Rhapsody Help files by pressing Enter.
Do you want Rhapsody’s Help files installed ?
[Y/N]:Y
• Install the Rhapsody Sample files by pressing Enter.
Do you want Rhapsody’s Sample files installed ?
[Y/N]:Y
• Don´t install the ReporterPLUS, XMI Toolkit and Gateway
tools by pressing N
• Press Enter to install Adobe Acrobat.
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Do you
[Y/N]:Y
•
want
to
install
Adobe
Acorbat
now
?
The license agreement will appear. Press Enter to read more
or press “c” to skip.
• Accept the license agreement by pressing Enter.
• Press Enter to accept Acrobat’s install dir.
The script starts to install the Rhapsody files and Adobe Acrobat.
• When the setup is finished press Enter to continue.
• Press Next to proceed.
•
A dialog box appears. Click Yes to install Eclipse. If you
want to skip the installation of Eclipse choose No.
We recommend to install Eclipse even if you have already
installed Eclipse on your system. This version of Eclipse
includes some additional plugins.
• Click Next to continue the setup.
The setup of the PXA270 UML Kit is now complete. To use
Rhapsody you will have to obtain and install a license key.
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Installing the license key
First you must obtain a license key. The license key is coupled to
the MAC address of your network card.
• Open a Terminal in Super User Mode.
• Enter ifconfig to get the address
•
Eth0 is the first network device. The MAC address of this
device is 00:08:54:40:34:C5.
You will have to use the MAC address of the device eth0. If
you have more then one network device, be sure to use the
address of eht0.
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• To obtain the license key send a license request with the
information of ifconfig to [email protected] You will
get an E-Mail with a file lic.txt.
• Save this file in your home directory.
• Open a Root Shell.
• Type:
cd ~
mkdir /usr/local/share/rhapsody/flexlm
cp lic.txt /usr/local/share/rhapsody/flexlm/license.dat
Now you will have to restart your host system.
• Select Log Out
• Select Restart Computer
2.4 Setup your GPIO-Extension-Board
To setup your GPIO-Extension-Board, you have to connect the
right pin on the patch field with the corresponding pin on the IOConnector. The following figure shows you the location of the
patch field and the IO-Connector.
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• First put your GPIO-Extension-Board on your baseboard
•
To supply the GPIO-Extension-Board with power connect
pin 1A with IO-Connector VCC
• Connect pin 13D to IO-Connector MOT IN A
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• Connect pin 49F to IO-Connector MOT IN B
• Connect pin 18E to IO-Connector Count Out
• Connect pin 49D to IO-Connector KEY_OUT1
• Connect pin 50A to IO-Connector KEY_OUT2
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• Connect pin 50B to IO-Connector KEY_OUT3
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2.5 Configuring Komport
• Connect the serial interface of the target (Connector P1) with
COM1 of your host.
• Open Konqueror
• Navigate to /usr/local/share/UMLKit/komport and start the
application.
• Choose Configure Komport in Settings
•
Choose the device /dev/ttyS0.
•
Configure the following settings to 115200 baud, 1 Start bit,
8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity and no flow control.
• Click button OK
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• Connect the power supply (12 V) with your board.
The target starts booting. When the target finished loading the
file system you will see a screen similar to the following
screenshot:
• Type root to login.
To access the serial interface, you need read / write access
rights. How to set these rights, see in section Configure User
Rights for the Serial Interface.
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2.6 Downloading an Example on the Target
To download an example, you will have to connect the target
(connector P1) to your Host PC with an Ethernet crossover patch
cord.
• Open a new terminal window
• Change to /usr/local/share/UMLKit/HelloWorld:
cd /usr/local/share/UMLKit/HelloWorld
• Create a FTP-Session to the target:
ftp [email protected]
• Press Enter (no password required)
• Copy the application file to the target by typing:
ftp>put HelloWorld
• End the ftp session: ftp>exit
• Open a telnet session to the target.
telnet -l root 192.168.3.11
• Type root and press Enter
• Type ./HelloWorld to start the application.
You have successfully finished the Getting Started part of this
QuickStart.
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3 Getting more involved
60 min
In this part you learn how to open the example project “Powerwindow”
with Rhapsody. After opening the project you will see the model of a
control unit of a carwindow. You will generate the source code from the
model and build an executable program for the target. The program can
be executed on the target and be used to control the motor on the GPIO
Expansion board by three pushbuttons.
In the next section of this chapter will find an introduction on design level
debugging with Rhapsody. You can use design level debugging to validate
your model by tracing and simulating the executable. This is although
known as animation.
At the end of this chapter you will add some changes to the model. After
these changes you will see the ouput “moving down” / “moving up” when
you press a button and the motor starts to move.
3.1 Open and build a project
First copy the Powerwindow project to your home directory.
• Click on the Home Icon to start the Konqueror browser.
• Browse to the directory /usr/local/share/UMLKit/
• Right-click the Powerwindow directory and select Copy.
• Browse to the directory /home/<your Home>
• Right-click in your home directory and select Paste.
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After you have copied the project you can start Rhapsody.
• Open the Konqueror file browser.
• Navigate to the directory /usr/local/share/rhapsody
• Click on Rhapsody to start the application.
If you start Rhapsody the first time after the UML-Kit Setup,
you first have to restart your Computer. If you can’t start
Rhapsody, select Logout in the K Menu and click on Restart
Computer.
• Select File -> Open in the menu bar.
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• Choose the directory /home/<your Home>/Powerwindow
• Select Powerwindow.rpy and open the project.
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• Right-click on PhyCore-PXA270 in the Object-Browser:
Components -> SingleWindowController -> Configurations
• Select Set as Active Configuration from the list.
If the ip address of your system is not 192.168.3.10, you need
to configure the host ip address for your configuration
• Right-click on PhyCore-PXA270 in the Object-Browser
Components -> SingleWindowController -> Configurations
• Select Features.
The feature dialog appears.
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• Select the Properties Tab and choose Filter All.
• Select CPP_CG -> PhytecLinux -> RemoteHost.
• Enter the IP address of your host (not the target ip address)
To execute the program on the target you need two additional
files (window_lift.bin and window_lift.xml).
• Open a new terminal window
• Change to the window_lift directory:
cd ~/Powerwindow/window_lift/
• Create a FTP-Session to the target: ftp [email protected]
• Press Enter (no password required)
• Copy the files window_lift.bin and window_lift.xml to the
target:
ftp> put window_lift.bin
ftp> put window_lift.xml
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• Type exit to end the ftp session: ftp> exit
Now you are ready to generate code.
• Select Code->Re Generate->Configuration File
• Select Code->Re Generate->PhyCore-PXA270
• Select Generate/Make/Run
• If a dialog appears enter yes and press OK. The dialog will
only open the first time you are creating a SSH connection.
After generating the Code, the program will be compiled and
copied to the target.
Copying the files to the target can take a minute.
When the program is copied to the target, the application is
started on the target and the XTerm window opens. If you started
the application the first time enter yes and press Enter.
Make sure that the files windowlift.bin and windowlift.xml are
present in the same directory as the program file
SingleWindowController. You need the two files
windowlift.bin and windowlift.xml for the hardware access on
the target.
Now you can use the push buttons to control the motor:
• Press Button 2 on the extension board for down-movement.
• Press Button 1 on the extension board for up-movement.
You can use Button 3 as simulation of a jam detection
(resistance caused by an object blocking the way of the window)
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3.2 Design Level Debugging
When a model becomes more complicated, you have to validate
the model. You can use design level debugging to validate your
model by tracing and simulating the executable. This is although
known as animation.
If you want to animate your model, the instrumentation flag must
be set to Animation.
• First expand the component in the browser and double-click
on PhyCore-PXA270 to open the feature dialog.
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• Select the tab Settings.
• Select Animation as Instrumental Mode.
• Click on OK to accept the settings.
• Save the configuration
• Click on Generate / Make / Run
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The application is built and copied to the target. When the
application starts, the Animation toolbar, the Event Queue and
Call Stack are displayed.
Perhaps there is still an application running on the target and
the message “Text file busy appears”. Open a terminal window
and type:
• ssh [email protected] killall SingleWindowController
Animation Toolbar:
Call Stack and Event Queue:
• Click on Go Idle
• Select in the menu bar Tools -> Animated Statechart
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• Select SingleWindowControllerComp[0]
-> itsWindowController->itsWindowControl
• Click OK button.
A new window with the animated statechart opens. The active
states are highlighted.
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• Call Event Generator
• Click Select Button
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• Select SingleWindowControllerComp[0]
->itsWindowController->itsWindowControl
• Click on OK button.
• Select the Event evDown
• Click Button OK
You see the generated event in the event Queue.
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• Click on Go Idle
The active state changes to moveDown.
• Click on Go Idle
The active state changes to open.
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• Right-click on the state moveUp and select Add Breakboint.
• Select OK in the dialog box to set the breakpoint
You can also add / remove breakpoints with the breakpoint icon
in the animation toolbar
• Click on Go
• Push Button Key1 on the Extension Board
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The animation stops when the executable reaches the breakpoint.
• Expand the browser tree.
• Select the class GPIOMotorControl in
Packages-> WindowControlPkg->Classes
• Expand the class GPIOMotorControl.
• Double-click in Instances on
SingleWindowControllerComp[0]->itsWindowController
->itsGPIOMotorControl
A new dialog appears. You can see the names, values and types
of the attributes in the selected instance.
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• Click Go
The motor starts to move and the values are changing. The active
state changes to closed.
• Click Animation break
• Click Quit Animation
• Press Enter to confirm with Yes
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3.3 Changing the demo application
This section will show how you can change the existing model.
• Select in the menu bar Tools -> Statechart.
The Open Statechart dialog opens.
• Select WindowControl in WindowControlPkg
• Click button OK.
The statechart of the class GPIOMotorControl opens.
• Double-click the state moveDown.
A new dialog opens.
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• Click on the Edit icon.
The Text Editor opens.
• Enter the following line:
std::cout << “moving down” << std::endl;
• Click on button OK.
• Double-click the state moveUp.
• Click on the Edit icon.
• Enter the following line:
std::cout << “moving up” << std::endl;
• Click button OK
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• Click on OK to accept the settings.
• Save the configuration
• Click on Generate / Make / Run
• Click on Go
• Push Button Key2 on the Extension Board
The motor starts to move .You will see the output moving down.
• Push Button Key1 on the Extension Board.
The motor starts to move .You will see the output moving up.
• Click Animation break
• Click Quit Animation
• Press Enter to confirm with yes
You have successfully passed the Getting Involved part of
the QuickStart.
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4 Debugging an example project
40 min
In this chapter you will learn using the GNU GDB-Debugger on the Host
for Remote Debugging in conjunction with the GDB-Server on the target.
The GNU GDB debugger is the symbolic debugger of the GNU project and
is arguably the most important debugging tool for any Linux system.
First you will start the GDB-Server on the target. Then you will configure
the Eclipse Platform and start the GDB-Debugger out of Eclipse using the
Debug View.
The CDT extends the standard Eclipse Debug View with functions for
debugging C/C++ code. The Debug View allows you to manage the
debugging or running of a program in the Workbench. Using the Debug
View you will be able to set breakpoints/watchpoints in the code and trace
variables and registers. The Debug View displays the stack frame for the
suspended threads for each target you are debugging. Each thread in your
program appears as a node in the tree, and the Debug View displays the
process for each target you are running.
The GDB is running on the host and used to debug. The GDB-Server is
running on the target and it is used to start and control the program to
debug. The GDB and GDB-Server can communicate over TCP/IP and the
serial interface. In this QuickStart we will only describe debugging via
TCP.
To debug the example project, Rhapsody has to be executed
and the Powerwindow project has to be opened. So if
Rhapsody, is closed, start the application and open the
Powerwindow project.
Don’t’ start the application on the target.
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4.1 Starting the GDB Server on the target
• Open Komport.
• Type root and press Enter.
• Start the GDB Server:
gdbserver 192.168.3.10:10000 SingleWindowController
4.2 Starting Eclipse
• Click on the Home Icon to start the Konqueror browser.
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• Browse to the directory /usr/local/share/UMLKit/eclipse.
• Click on the Eclipse icon to start the application.
• Confirm the workspace directory with OK.
The welcome screen will appears.
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• Click the cross right of welcome to close the welcome screen
4.3 Open the demo project
• Select in the menu bar File -> New -> Project.
• Select Standard Make C++ Project in C++.
• Click the Next button.
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• Uncheck Use default in Project contents.
• Click on the Browse button.
• Navigate to the directory
Home/Powerwindow/SingleWindowController/PhyCore-PXA270
• Click button OK.
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• Enter the project name SingleWindowController.
• Click button Next.
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• Select the Make Builder tab.
• Uncheck Use default.
• Enter make -f SingleWindowController.mak.
• Select button Finish.
• Select button Yes to change to the C/C++ perspective.
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The project will be build. After building some Indexer Problems
occurs.
To solve these problems you will have to configure the include
paths in the next section.
4.4
Configuring Include - Paths
• Right click SingleWindowController in C/C++ Projects.
• Select Properties.
The properties dialog opens.
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• Select C/C++ Include Paths & Symbols.
• Select Add External Include Path from Workspace.
• Click Button Browse.
• Double-Click File System.
• Navigate to /usr/local/share/rhapsody/Share/LangCpp.
• Click button OK.
• Click button OK.
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• Select Add External Include Path from Workspace again.
• Click Button Browse.
• Double-Click File System.
• Navigate to the directory
/opt/ptxdist/build-target/commoncpp2-1.3.25/include
• Click button OK.
• Click button OK again.
• Select Add External Include Path from Workspace again.
• Click Button Browse.
• Double-Click File System.
• Navigate to the directory
/opt/ptxdist/local/arm-softfloat-linux-gnu/usr/include
• Click button OK.
• Click button OK again.
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• Click button OK to close the properties dialog.
You will see the C/C++ Indexer in the lower right corner. After
the indexer is finished you will see following window:
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4.5
Configuring and Starting the GDB debugger
• Select in the menu bar Run->Debug.
A dialog to create, manage and run applications will appear.
• Select C/C++ Local Application.
• Click on New.
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• Enter the Name SingleWindowController.
• Select Browse right of the Project text field.
• Select SingleWindowController.
• Click button OK.
• Select Search Project.
The Program Selection dialog will open.
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• Click on OK
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• Click on Apply.
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• Select the Debugger tab.
• Select Debugger: GDB Server.
• Select Browse(GDB debugger)
A new dialog opens.
• Double-Click File System.
• Navigate to /opt/arm-iwmmx-linux-gnueabi/gcc-4.1.2-glibc2.5-kernel-2.6.18/bin
• Select arm-iwmmx-linux-gnueabi-gdb
• Select OK.
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• Select Connection: TCP.
• Enter the Host name IP address: 192.168.3.11
• Click Apply button.
The host name IP address, is the IP address of the target.
• Select the Source tab.
• Click button Add.
The Add Source dialog opens.
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• Select File System Directory With Subfolders
• Click button OK.
• Click button Browse.
• Double-Click File System.
• Browse to the directory:
/usr/local/share/rhapsody/Share/LangCpp/
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• Click button OK.
• Check Search subfolders.
• Click button OK.
• Click button Apply.
• Click Debug button.
Be sure that the GDB Server is running on the target.
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A new dialog opens.
• Select yes to switch to the debug perspective.
The debug perspective opens and the debugger stops at the first
line automatically.
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4.6 Stepping and Watching Variables Content
After you have started the GDB Server on the target and the
GDB Debugger in Eclipse you can step through the project.
• First click the button Step Into.
You will see the following screen:
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In the upper right corner you can see some variables and their
values.
• Select the variable ticktime.
• Right click on the variable ticktime and select Change Value.
• Enter the value 0.
• Click on button OK.
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The values changes to 0.
• Right-click on the grey border left of the following line
ticktime = OMTimerManagerDefaults::defaultTicktime;
A selection menu opens.
• Select Toggle Breakpoint to add a breakpoint
• Click button Resume
• Click Step Over
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The value of ticktime is set back to 100.
• Select Terminate
to stop debugging.
You have successfully passed the debugging chapter. You
are now able to configure and use Eclipse for remote
debugging. You can step through a project, watch and
change the content of variables and you can use the
memory monitor to view the content at a memory address.
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5 Further Information
Documentation Powerwindow Demoapplication
You can find the documentation for the Powerwindow
Demoapplication in the directory /Rhapsody/Demo on your setup
cdrom.
The documentation includes information about the following
topics:
• Working with Rhapsody
• IO-Interface classes
• Common-Interface classes
• Labview DataVisualization
• Adapting Rhapsody to the PXA270
PTXdist User Manual
In the PTXdist User Manual you can find further information.
You can find the manual in the directory /linux/OSELAS on your
setup cdrom.
The user manual includes information about the following
topics:
• Installation and Configuration of PTXdist
• Using and Building a Toolchain
• Create and activate a project
• Running phyCORE-PXA270 from network only
• Running phyCORE-PXA270 stand alone
• U-Boot and phyCORE-PXA270
• phyCORE-PXA270’s BSP
• Using CAN on phyCORE-PXA270
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6 Summary
This QuickStart Instruction gave a general "Rapid Development
Kit" description, as well as software installation advice and an
example program enabling quick out-of-the box start-up of the
phyCORE-PXA270 in conjunction with Rhapsody.
In the Getting started section you learned to configure your host
to provide a basis for working with your target platform. You
installed the Rapid Development Kit software and you learned to
copy and run a program on the target.
In the Getting More Involved section you got a step-by-step
instruction on how to configure and build a new kernel, modify
the example, create and build new projects and copy output files
to the phyCORE -PXA270 using Eclipse.
The Debugging part of this QuickStart gave you information on
setting up and using the GDB debugger with the Eclipse IDE.
You learned how to set breakpoints, watching and changing
variables content and using the memory monitor.
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Document:
Document number:
phyCORE-PXA270 with UML
QuickStart Instructions
L-676_4, April 2008
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Fax: +49 (6131) 9221-26
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Suggestions for Improvement
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