command series cv17-cv26, cv675
OWNER'S
MANUAL
COMMAND SERIES
CVI 7-CV26, CV675-740
VERTICAL CRANKSHAFT
Safety Precautions
To insure safe operation please read the following statements and understand their meaning. Also
refer to your equipment owner's manual for other important safety information. This manual
contains safety precautions which are explained below. Please read carefully.
a
WARNING
Warning is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that can cause severe personal injury, death,
or substantial property damage if the warning is ignored.
a
CAUTION
Caution is used to indicate the presence of a hazard that will or can cause minor personal injury
or property damage if the caution is ignored.
NOTE
Note is used to notify people of installation, operation, or maintenance information that is important
but not hazard-related.
For Your Safety!
These precautions should be followed at all times. Failure to follow these precautions could result
in injuy to yourself and others.
a WARNING
I
AWARNING
Explosive Fuel can cause fires and
severe burns.
Rotating Parts can cause severe
injury.
Stop engine before filling fuel tank.
Stay away while engine is in
oDeration.
Explosive Fuel!
Gasoline is extremely flammable
and its vapors can explode if
ignited. Store gasoline only in
approved containers, in well
ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
away from sparks or flames. Do not
fill the fuel tank while the engine is
hot or running, since spilled fuel
could ignite if it comes in contact
with hot parts or sparks from
ignition. Do not start the engine near
spilled fuel. Never use gasoline as a
cleaning agent.
ACAUTION
Do not touch engine while operating
or just after stopping.
I
Hot Parts!
Engine components can get
extremely hot from operation. To
prevent severe burns, do not touch
these areas while the engine is
running, or immediately after it is
turned off. Never operate the engine
with heat shields or guards
removed.
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Electrical Shock can cause injury.
Do not touch wires while engine is
running.
Electrical Shock!
Never touch electrical wires or
components while the engine is
running. They can be sources of
electrical shock.
2
Hot Parts can cause severe burns.
Rotating Parts!
Keep hands, feet, hair, and clothing
a way from all moving parts to
prevent injury. Never operate the
engine with covers, shrouds, or
guards removed.
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a WARNING
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California
ProDosition 65 Warninu
Engine exhaust from this product
contains chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer,
birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
Safety Precautions (Cont .)
a WARNING
a WARNING
a WARNING
- Accidental Starts can cause severe
injury or death.
Carbon Monoxide can cause
severe nausea, fainting or death.
Explosive Gas can cause fires and
severe acid burns.
Disconnect and ground spark plug
leads before setvicina.
Do not operate engine in closed or
Charge battey only in a well
ventilated area. Keep sources of
ignition away.
Accidental Starts!
Disabling engine, Accidental
starting can cause severe injury
or death, Before working on the
engine or equipment, disable the
engine as follows: 1) Disconnect the
spark plug lead(s). 2) Disconnect
negative (-) battery cable from
battery.
confined area.
Lethal Exhaust Gases!
Engine exhaust gases contain
poisonous carbon monoxide.
Carbon monoxide is odorless,
colorless, and can cause death if
inhaled. Avoid inhaling exhaust
fumes, and never run the engine in
a closed building or confined area.
Explosive Gas!
Batteries produce explosive
hydrogen gas while being charged.
To prevent a fire or explosion,
charge batteries only in well
ventilated areas. Keep sparks, open
flames, and other sources of ignition
away from the battery at all times.
Keep batteries out of the reach of
children. Remove all je welry when
servicing batteries.
Before disconnecting the negative
(-)ground cable, make sure all
switches are OFF: If ON, a spark
will occur at the ground cable
terminal which could cause an
explosion if hydrogen gas or
gasoline vapors are present.
Congratulations- You have selected a fine four-cycle, twin cylinder, air-cooled engine. Kohler designs long
life strength and on-the-job durability into each engine...making a Kohler engine dependable...dependability
you can count on. Here are some reasons why:
Efficient overhead valve design, and pressure lubrication provide maximum power, torque, and reliability
under all operating conditions.
Dependable, maintenance-free electronic ignition ensures fast, easy starts time after time.
Kohler engines are easy to service. All routine service areas (like the dipstick and oil fill, air cleaner, spark
plugs, and carburetor) are easily and quickly accessible.
Parts subject to the most wear and tear (like the cylinder liner and camshaft) are made from precision
formulated cast iron.
Every Kohler engine is backed by a worldwide network of over 10,000 distributors and dealers. Service
support is just a phone call away. Call 1-800-544-2444 (U.S. & Canada) for Sales & Service assistance.
I To keep your engine in top operating condition, follow the maintenance procedures in this manual.
3
Fuel Pump
Engine
Identification Label
\
Air Intake Screen
\
Oil Fill/
Blower Housing
Fuel Filter
Oil Filter
Plug
.Air Cleaner Cover
Breather Oil Separator
:igure 1. Typical Command Vertical Shaft Engine (CV17-25, CV675-740).
Oil F:ilI/Diostick
Ignition Coil
Igniition
Coil
\
’
Fuel
Injector
Throttle Body Intake Manifold
Ygure 2. CV26 Command Vertical Shaft Engine.
4
Fuel Injector
Fuel Recommendations
Oil Recommendations
Using the proper type and weight of oil in the crankcase
is extremely important. So is checking oil daily and
changing oil regularly. Failure to use the correct oil, or
using dirty oil, causes premature engine wear and
failure.
Oil Type
Use high quality detergent oil of API (American
Petroleum Institute) service class SGg SH, SJ or
higher. Select the viscosity based on the air
temperature at the time of operation as shown in the
following table.
R E C O M M E N D E D S A E V I S C O S I T Y GRADES
a
WARNING: Explosive Fuel!
Gasoline is extremely flammable and its vapors can
explode if ignited. Store gasoline only in approved
containers, in well ventilated, unoccupied buildings,
a way from sparks or flames. Do not fill the fuel tank
while the engine is hot or running, since spilled fuel
could ignite if it comes in contact with hot parts or
sparks from ignition. Do not start the engine near spilled
fuel. Never use gasoline as a cleaning agent.
General Recommendations
Purchase gasoline in small quantities and store in
clean, approved containers. A container with a capacity
of 2 gallons or less with a pouring spout is
recommended. Such a container is easier to handle and
helps eliminate spillage during refueling.
v
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OF -50
‘C’30
[email protected]
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0
20
35
-40
0
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60
80
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4b
lb
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20
1
I
30
do
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Do not use gasoline left over from the previous season,
to minimize gum deposits in your fuel system and to
insure easy starting.
40
TEMPERATURE RANGE EXPECTED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
Do not add oil to the gasoline.
*Use of synthetic oil having 5W-20 or 5W-30 rating is acceptable,
up to 4OoF.
**Synthetic oils will provide better starting in extreme cold
(below -1OOF).
Do not overfill the fuel tank. Leave room for the fuel to
expand.
:igure 3. Viscosity Grades Table.
Fuel Type
NOTE: Using other than service class SG, SH, SJ or
higher oil or extending oil change intervals
longer than recommended can cause engine
damage.
A logo or symbol on oil containers identifies the API
service class and SAE viscosity grade. See Figure 4.
For best results use only clean, fresh, unleaded
gasoline with the pump sticker octane rating of 87 or
higher. In countries using the Research method, it
should be 90 octane minimum.
Unleaded gasoline is recommended as it leaves less
combustion chamber deposits. Leaded gasoline may be
used in areas where unleaded is not available and
exhaust emissions are not regulated. Be aware
however, that the cylinder heads may require more
frequent se rvice.
Gasoline/Alcohol blends
Gasohol (up to 10% ethyl alcohol, 90% unleaded
gasoline by volume) is approved as a fuel for Kohler
engines. Other gasoline/alcohol blends are not
approved.
Figure 4. Oil Container Logo.
Refer to “Maintenance Instructions” beginning on
page 9 for detailed oil check, oil change, and oil
filter change procedures.
Gasoline/Ether blends
Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) and unleaded
gasoline blends (up to a maximum of 15% MTBE by
volume) are approved as a fuel for Kohler engine. Other
gasoline/ether blends are not approved.
5
Engine Identification Numbers
Model Designation
When ordering parts, or in any communication
involving an engine, always give the Model,
Specification, and Serial Numbers of the engine.
Model CV2OS for example: C designates Command
engine, V designates vertical crankshaft, and 20
designates horsepower. Some model numbers
(CV675) use the approximate displacement rather than
horsepower. A letter suffix designates a specific
version as follows:
The engine identification numbers appear on a decal
(or decals) affixed to the engine shrouding. Include
letter suffixes, if there are any.
Suffix
S
ST
Record your engine identification numbers on the
identification label below (Figure 5) for future
reference.
Designates
Electric Start
ElectridRetractable Start
Operating Instructions
Also read the operating instructions of the equipment
this engine powers.
IMPORTANT ENGINE INFORMATION
THIS ENGINE MEETS U.S. EPA 2004 AND
CALIFORNIA 2006 AND LATER EMISSION
CONTROL REGULATIONS FOR SI SORE*
Pre-Start Checklist
Check oil level. Add oil if low. Do not overfill.
FAMILY
DISPL. (CC)
MODEL NO.
Check fuel level. Add fuel if low.
SPEC. NO.
SERIAL NO.
aN11236
Check cooling air intake areas and external
surfaces of engine. Make sure they are clean and
unobstructed.
EMISSION COMPLIANCE PERIOD:
E PA:
CARB:
THIS ENGINE IS CERTIFIED TO OPERATE
ON:
REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR SAFETY,
MAINTENANCE SPECS AND ADJUSTMENTS.
Check that the air cleaner components and all
shrouds, equipment covers, and guards are in
place and securely fastened.
FOR SALES/SERVICE IN US/CANADA, CALL:
1-800-544-2444
www. kohlerengines.com
Check that any clutches or transmissions are
disengaged or placed in neutral. This is especially
important on equipment with hydrostatic drive.
The shift lever must be exactly in neutral to
prevent resistance which could keep the engine
from starting.
u
KOHLER CO. KOHLER, WISCONSIN USA
*Small Off-Road Engines
:igure 5. Engine Identification Label.
WARNING: Lethal Exhaust Gases!
Engine exhaust gases contain poisonous carbon
monoxide. Carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless,
and can cause death if inhaled. Avoid inhaling exhaust
fumes, and never run the engine in a closed building
or confined area.
The Emission Compliance Period referred to on the
Emission Control or Air Index label indicates the
number of operating hours for which the engine has
been shown to meet Federal and CARB emission
requirements. The following table provides the Engine
Compliance Period (in hours) associated with the
category descriptor found on the certification label.
Emission Compliance Period (Hours)
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EPA
CARB
Category c
1250 hours
Moderate
125 hours
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Category B
500 hours
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Category A
1000 hours
Intermediate Extended
250 hours
500 hours
Exhaust Emission Control System for models
CV17,18,20,22,23,25,675,730,740is EM. Exhaust
Emission Control System for model CV26 is EM, 02S,
ECM, MFI.
6
Cold Weather Starting Hints
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1. Be sure to use the proper oil for the temperature
expected. See Figure 3 on page 5.
2. Declutch all possible external loads.
3. Be sure the battery is in good condition. A warm
battery has much more starting capacity than a
cold battery.
4. Use fresh winter grade fuel. NOTE: Winter grade
gasoline has higher volatility to improve starting.
Do not use gasoline left over from summer.
Starting
1. Place the throttle control midway between the
“slow” and “fast” positions. Place the choke
control (non-EFI engines only) into the “on”
position.
2. Start the engine by activating the key switch.
Release the switch as soon as the engine starts.
NOTE: Do not crank the engine continuously for
more than 10 seconds at a time. If the
engine does not start, allow a 60 second
cool down period between starting
attempts. Failure to follow these
guidelines can burn out the starter motor.
Stopping
1. Remove the load by disengaging all PTO driven
attachments.
2. For Carbureted Engines Without A Shutdown
Solenoid: Move the throttle to the “slow” or
“low” idle position. Allow the engine to run at idle
for 30-60 seconds; then stop the engine.
For Carbureted Engines Equipped With A
Shutdown Solenoid: Position the throttle control
between half and full throttle; then stop the engine.
For EFI Engines: Move the throttle to the “slow”
or “idle” position; turn key “off to stop engine.
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Battery
NOTE: Upon start-up, a metallic ticking may
occur. This is caused by hydraulic lifter
leakdown during storage. Run the engine
for 5 minutes. The noise will normally
cease in the first minute. If noise
continues, run the engine at mid-throttle
for 20 minutes. If noise persists, take the
engine to your local Kohler Service outlet.
A 12 volt battery is normally used. Refer to the
operating instructions of the equipment this engine
powers for specific battery requirements.
NOTE: If the engine develops sufficient speed to
disengage the starter but does not keep
running (a false start), engine rotation
must be allowed to come to a complete
stop before attempting to restart the
engine. If the starter is engaged while the
flywheel is rotating, the starter pinion and
flywheel ring gear may clash, resulting in
damage to the starter.
Angle of Operation
This engine will operate continuously at angles up to
25”. Check oil level to assure crankcase oil level is at
the “FULL” mark on the dipstick.
If the starter does not turn the engine over, shut
off starter immediately. Do not make further
attempts to start the engine until the condition is
corrected. Do not jump start using another battery
(refer to “Battery”). See your Kohler Engine
Service Dealer for service assistance.
NOTE: Do not operate this engine continuously at
angles exceeding 25” in any direction. Engine
damage could result from insufficient
lubrication.
Carbureted Engines Only:
3. For a Cold Engine - Gradually return the choke
control to the “off” position after the engine starts
and warms up.
The engine/equipment may be operated during
the warm-up period, but it may be necessary to
leave the choke partially on until the engine warms
If the battery charge is not sufficient to crank the
engine, recharge the battery (see page 14).
Operating
Refer to the operating instructions of the equipment
this engine powers. Because of equipment design or
application, there may be more stringent restrictions
regarding the angle of operation.
Cooling
NOTE: If debris builds up on the grass screen or
other cooling areas, stop the engine
immediately and clean. Operating the engine
with blocked or dirty air intake and cooling
areas can cause extensive damage due to
overheating. See Clean Air Intake/Cooling
Area, page 13.
UP.
4. For a Warm Engine - Return choke to “off”
position as soon as engine starts.
7
WARNING: Hot Parts!
Engine components can get extremely hot from
operation. To prevent severe burns, do not touch these
areas while the engine is running, or immediately after
it is turned off. Never operate the engine with heat
shields or guards removed.
Engine Speed
NOTE: Do not tamper with the governor setting to
increase the maximum engine speed.
Overspeed is hazardous and will void the
engine warranty. The maximum allowable high
idle speed for these engines is 3750 RPM, no
load.
Maintenance Instructions
Maintenance, repair, or replacement of the emission control devices and systems, which are being done at
the customers expense, may be performed by any non-road engine repair establishment or individual.
Warranty repairs must be performed by an authorized Kohler service outlet.
WARNING: Accidental Starts!
Disabling engine, Accidental starting can cause severe injury or death, Before working on the engine or
equipment, disable the engine as follows: I) Disconnect the spark plug [email protected]).2) Disconnect negative (-)battery
cable from battery.
Maintenance Schedule
These required maintenance procedures should be performed at the frequency stated in the table. They should
also be included as part of any seasonal tune-up.
I
Frequency
I Maintenance Required
Daily Or Before
Starting Engine
Fill fuel tank.
Check oil level.
Check air cleaner for dirty’, loose, or damaged parts.
Check air intake and cooling areas, clean as necessary’.
Every 25 Hours
Service precleaner element’.
Check oil cooler, clean as necessarv’.
Every 100 Hours
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Every 2oo Hours
Every 250 Hours
Replace heavy-duty air cleaner element and check inner element’.
Annually or
Every 500 Hours
Have bendix starter drive serviced 2.
Have solenoid shift starter disassembled and cleaned 2.
Every 1500 Hours
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Replace air cleaner element’.
Change oil (more frequently under severe conditions).
Remove cooling shrouds and clean cooling areas’,3.
Check oil cooler fins. clean as necessarv (if eauitmedl
Change oil filter.
Check spark plug condition and gap.
Replace fuel filter’ (EFI engines).
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Check Oil Level
The importance of checking and maintaining the proper
oil level in the crankcase cannot be overemphasized.
Check oil BEFORE EACH USE as follows:
1. Make sure the engine is stopped, level, and is
NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or
damage, always maintain the proper oil
level in the crankcase. Never operate the
engine with the oil level below the “ADD”
mark or over the “FULL” mark on the
dipstick.
cool so the oil has had time to drain into the sump.
Oil SentryTM
Some engines are equipped with an optional Oil
SentryTMoil pressure switch. If the oil pressure drops
below an acceptable level, the Oil SentryTMwill either
shut off the engine or activate a warning signal,
depending on the application.
2. To keep dirt, debris, etc., out of the engine, clean
the area around the dipstick before removing it.
3. Unthread and remove the dipstick; wipe oil off.
Reinsert the dipstick into the tube and rest the cap
on the tube. Do not thread the cap onto the tube.
See Figure 6.
NOTE: Make sure the oil level is checked BEFORE
EACH USE and is maintained up to the
“FULL” mark on the dipstick. This includes
engines equipped with Oil SentryTM.
Change Oil and Filter, Service Oil Cooler
Change Oil
Change oil after every 100 hours of operation (more
frequently under severe conditions). Refill with service
class SG, SH, SJ or higher oil as specified in the
“Viscosity Grades” table (Figure 3) on page 5.
I
:igure 6. Checking Oil Level.
4. Pull the dipstick out and check the oil level.
The oil level should be up to, but not over, the
“FULL” mark on the dipstick. See Figure 7.
Change the oil while the engine is still warm. The oil
will flow more freely and carry away more impurities.
Make sure the engine is level when filling, checking, or
changing the oil.
Change the oil as follows (see Figure 8):
1. To keep dirt, debris, etc., out of the engine, clean
the area around the oil fill cap/dipstick before
removing it.
2. Remove one of the oil drain plugs and the oil fill
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I’
FulII’ Mark
Operating
Range
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igure 7. Oil Level Dipstick.
cap/dipstick. Be sure to allow ample time for
complete drainage.
3. Reinstall the drain plug. Make sure it is tightened
to 13.6 N-m (10 ft. Ib.) torque.
4. Fill the crankcase, with new oil of the proper type,
to the “FULL” mark on the dipstick. Refer to “Oil
Type” on page 5. Always check the level with the
dipstick before adding more oil.
5. If the level is low, add oil of the proper type, up to
the “FULL” mark on the dipstick. (Refer to “Oil
Type” on page 5.) Always check the level with the
dipstick before adding more oil.
9
5. Reinstall the oil fill cap/dipstick and tighten
securely.
NOTE: To prevent extensive engine wear or
damage, always maintain the proper oil
level in the crankcase. Never operate the
engine with the oil level below the “ADD”
mark or over the “FULL” mark on the
dipstick.
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Figure 9. Crankcase Mounted Oil Cooler.
To service the crankcase mounted oil cooler, clean off
the outside fins with a brush or with compressed air.
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Figure 10. Blower Housing Mounted Oil Cooler.
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Figure 8. Oil Drain Plugs and Oil Filter.
Service Oil Cooler
Some engines are equipped with an oil cooler. One
style of oil cooler mounts on the engine crankcase and
has the oil filter on it (see Figure 9). The other style of
oil cooler is mounted on the blower housing (see
Figure lo), separate from the oil filter.
To service the blower housing mounted style oil cooler,
clean the outside of fins with a brush. See Figure 10.
Remove the two screws holding the cooler unit to the
blower housing. Tilt the cooler downward as shown in
Figure 11. Clean the inside of the cooler with a brush,
as shown in Figure 11, or with compressed air. After
cleaning, reinstall the oil cooler to the blower housing
with the two mounting screws.
Inspect and clean oil cooler every 25 hours of
operation (more frequently under severe conditions).
Oil cooler must be kept free of debris.
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Figure 11. Cleaning Blower Housing Mounted Oil
Cooler.
10
Change Oil Filter
Replace the oil filter at least every other oil change
(every 200 hours of operation). Always use a
genuine Kohler oil filter, Part No. 12 050 OI-S.
7. Reinstall the drain plug. Make sure it is tightened
to 13.6 N-m (10 ft. Ib.) torque.
8. Fill the crankcase with new oil, of the proper type,
to the “FULL” mark on the dipstick.
Replace the oil filter as follows:
9. Test run the engine to check for leaks. Stop the
engine, allow a minute for the oil to drain down,
and recheck the level on the dipstick. Make sure
oil level is up to but not over the “FULL mark on
the dipstick.
1. Drain the oil from the engine crankcase.
2. Allow the oil filter to drain.
3. Before removing the oil filter, clean the area
around the oil filter to keep dirt and debris out of
the engine. Remove the old filter. Wipe off the
surface where the filter mounts.
4. Place a new replacement filter in a shallow pan
with the open end up. Pour new oil, of the proper
type, in through the threaded center hole. Stop
pouring when the oil reaches the bottom of the
threads. Allow a minute or two for the oil to be
absorbed by the filter material.
5. Put a drop of oil on your fingertip and wipe it on
the rubber gasket.
6. Install the new oil filter to the filter adapter or oil
cooler. Turn the oil filter clockwise until the rubber
gasket contacts the filter adapter or oil cooler, then
tighten the filter an additional 2/3 to 1 turn.
Service Precleaner and Air Cleaner Element
These engines are equipped with a replaceable, high
density paper air cleaner element. An optional heavyduty air cleaner system is also available. Most engines
are also equipped with an oiled, foam precleaner which
surrounds the paper element. See Figures 12 and 13.
Check the air cleaner daily or before starting the
engine. Check for a buildup of dirt and debris around
the air cleaner system. Keep this area clean. Also
check for loose or damaged components. Replace all
bent or damaged air cleaner components.
NOTE: Operating the engine with loose or damaged
air cleaner components could allow unfiltered
air into the engine causing premature wear
and failure.
Air Cleaner Base
Spitback Cup
Cup Gasket
Air Cleaner
Cover
\
Knob
Seal
Element
Cover Nut
\
Element
Cover
/
Knob
‘igure 12. Air Cleaner System Components - Type A (Standard).
11
Element Cover Nut
Element
\
I’
U
\
Rubber
Seal
Stud
CV26 EFI Air
Cleaner Base
Air
Cleaner
Base
:igure 13. Air Cleaner System Components - Type B (Commercial Mower).
Service Precleaner
If so equipped, wash and reoil the precleaner every 25
hours of operation (more often under extremely dusty
or dirty conditions).
Service Paper Element
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under
extremely dusty or dirty conditions), replace the paper
element.
1. Loosen the cover retaining knob and remove the
cover.
1. Loosen the cover retaining knob and remove the
cover.
2. Remove the precleaner from the paper element.
2. Clean the area around the element to prevent
debris from getting in the engine when element is
removed.
3. Wash the precleaner in warm water with
detergent. Rinse the precleaner thoroughly until all
traces of detergent are eliminated. Squeeze out
excess water (do not wring). Allow the precleaner
to air dry.
3. Remove the element cover wing nut, element
cover, and paper element with precleaner.
Separate the precleaner from the element and
service as necessary.
4. Saturate the precleaner with new engine oil.
Squeeze out all excess oil.
4. Do not was the paper element or use
pressurized air, as this will damage the element.
Replace a dirty, bent, or damaged element with a
genuine Kohler element. Handle new element
carefully; do not use if the sealing surfaces are
bent or damaged.
5. Reinstall the precleaner over the paper element.
6. Reinstall the air cleaner cover. Secure cover with
the cover retaining knob.
7. When precleaner replacement is necessary order
genuine Kohler Parts.
I TYPeA
I Type B
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CV17-CV23
24083024
45 083 01-S
CV675, CV25, CV26
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24083054
45 083 01-S
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5. When servicing the air cleaner, check the air
cleaner base. Make sure it is secured and not
bent or damaged. Also, check the element cover
for damage or improper fit. Replace all damaged
air cleaner components.
6. Check the condition of the rubber seal on the air
cleaner stud. If it is worn, damaged, or its
condition is questionable in any way, replace it.
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7. Reinstall the paper element, precleaner, element
6. Install the new inner element, Kohler Part No.
25 083 04-Sfollowed by the outer element, Kohler
Part No. 25 083 014.Slide each fully into place in
the air cleaner housing.
cover, element cover wing nut and air cleaner
cover. Secure cover with the cover retaining knob.
8. When element replacement is necessay, order
genuine Kohler Parts.
I TweA
I Type B
CV17-CV23
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47083034
45083024
7. Reinstall the end cap so the dust ejector valve is
down and secure with the two retaining clips. See
Figure 15.
CV675, CV25, CV26
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24083034
45 083 02-S
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Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner
To Service
Every 250 hours of operation (more often under
extremely dusty or dirty conditions), replace the paper
element and check inner element. Follow these steps.
1. Unhook the two retaining clips and remove the
end cap from the air cleaner housing.
2. Pull the air cleaner element out of the housing.
See Figure 14.
Dust
Ejector
Valve
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Figure 15.Heavy-Duty Air Cleaner Assembly.
Clean Air Intake/Cooling Areas
To ensure proper cooling, make sure the grass screen,
cooling fins, and other external surfaces of the engine
are kept clean at all times.
Every 100 hours of operation (more often under
extremely dusty, dirty conditions), remove the blower
housing* and other cooling shrouds. Clean the cooling
fins and external surfaces as necessary. Make sure the
cooling shrouds are reinstalled.
*Cleanout kits 25 755 20-S (black) or 25 755 21-S
(gold) allow inspection and cleanout of the cooling fins,
without removing the blower housing.
3. After the main element is removed, check the
condition of the inner element. It should be
replaced whenever it appears dirty, typically every
other time the main element is replaced. Clean the
area around the base of the inner element before
removing it, so dirt does not get into the engine.
NOTE: Operating the engine with a blocked grass
screen, dirty or plugged cooling fins, and/or
cooling shrouds removed, will cause engine
damage due to overheating.
Ignition System
4. Do not was the paper element and inner element
or use pressurized air, this will damaged the
elements. Replace dirty, bent or damaged
elements with new genuine Kohler elements as
required. Handle new elements carefully; do not
use if the sealing surfaces are bent or damaged.
5. Check all parts for wear, cracks, or damage.
Replace any damaged components.
-
Carbureted Engines Use an electronic Capacitive
Discharge (CD) ignition system. Other than periodically
checkingheplacingthe spark plugs, no maintenance,
timing, or adjustments are necessary or possible with
this system.
-
EFI Engines Incorporate a computer-controlled
battery ignition system with individual coils. Other than
periodically checkingheplacingthe spark plugs, no
maintenance, timing, or adjustments are necessary or
possible with this system.
13
Battery Charging
Check Spark Plugs
Every 200 hours of operation, remove the spark plugs,
check condition, and reset the gap or replace with new
plugs as necessary. The standard spark plug is a
[email protected] (Kohler Part No. 12 132 0 2 - 9 A
high-performancespark plug, [email protected]
Gold 2071 (used on Pro Series engines, Kohler Part
No. 12 132 06-S) is also available. Equivalent alternate
brand plugs can also be used.
1. Before removing the spark plug, clean the area
around the base of the plug to keep dirt and debris
out of the engine.
2. Remove the plug and check its condition. Replace
the plug if worn or reuse is questionable.
NOTE: Do not clean the spark plug in a machine
using abrasive grit. Some grit could
remain in the spark plug and enter the
engine causing extensive wear and
damage.
3. Check the gap using a wire feeler gauge. Adjust
the gap to 0.76 mm (0.030 in.) by carefully
bending the ground electrode. See Figure 16.
4. Reinstall the spark plug into the cylinder head.
Torque the spark plug to 24.4-29.8 N*m
(18-22 ft. Ib.).
a
WARNING: Explosive Gas!
Batteries produce explosive hydrogen gas while being
charged. To prevent a fire or explosion, charge
batteries only in well ventilated areas. Keep sparks,
open flames, and other sources of ignition a way from
the battery at all times. Keep batteries out of the reach
of children. Remove all jewelry when servicing
batteries.
Before disconnecting the negative (-)ground cable,
make sure all switches are OFF: If ON, a spark will
occur at the ground cable terminal which could cause
an explosion if hydrogen gas or gasoline vapors are
present.
Fuel System
a
WARNING: Fuel System Under Pressure!
The EFI fuel system operates under high pressure, and
the fuel filter and fuel line used must be approved
system components only Use of substitute parts can
result in system failure, gasoline leakage and possible
explosion.
Fuel Filter
Carbureted Engines: Some engines are equipped
with an in-line fuel filter. Periodically inspect the filter
and replace when dirty. Always use genuine Kohler
parts.
EFI Engines: A special, high volume, high pressure
filter with greater filtration capabilities and internal
surface area is used. See Figure 17.
Fuel Filter
Ground
Electrode
m
(c,
igure 16. Servicing Spark Plug.
14
Fuel Line
0.76 mm
(0.030 in.) Gap
:igure 17. EFI Fuel Filter and Line.
Replacement is recommended every 1500 hours, or
more frequently under extremely dusty or dirty
conditions. When replacement is necessary, always
use genuine Kohler parts.
Fuel Line
EFI Engines: A special fuel line, capable of
withstanding the high pressure of the EFI fuel system,
is used (must meet SAE R9 specifications). See Figure
17. If fuel line must be replaced, see your Kohler
Engine Service Dealer.
Carburetor Troubleshooting and
Adjustments
NOTE: Carburetor adjustments should be made
only after the engine has warmed up.
The carburetor is designed to deliver the correct
fuel-to-air mixture to the engine under all operating
conditions. The high idle mixture is set at the factory
and cannot be adjusted. The low idle fuel adjusting
needle (if equipped) is also set at the factory and
normally does not need adjustment.
If the engine is equipped with an in-line fuel filter,
make sure it is clean and unobstructed. Replace
the filter if necessary.
Make sure fuel is reaching the carburetor. This
includes checking the fuel lines and fuel pump for
restrictions or faulty components, replace as
necessary.
Make sure the air cleaner element is clean and all
air cleaner element components are fastened
securely.
If, after checking the items listed above, the engine is
hard to start, runs roughly, or stalls at low idle speed, it
may be necessary to adjust or service the carburetor.
Adjust Carburetor
NOTE: Certified engines may have a fixed idle fuel
adjusting needle. Do not attempt steps 1 and
2 below. Proceed directly to step 3.
1. With the engine stopped, turn the low idle fuel
adjusting needle in (clockwise) until it bottoms
lightly.
NOTE: The tip of the low idle fuel adjusting
needle is tapered to critical dimensions.
Damage to the needle and the seat in
carburetor body will result if the needle is
forced.
2. Preliminary Settings: Turn the adjusting needle
out (counterclockwise)from lightly bottomed
2-1/4 turns.
3. Start the engine and run at half throttle for 5 to 10
minutes to warm up. The engine must be warm
before making final settings (steps 4, 5, and 6).
Figure 18. Carburetor CV17-25, CV675-740.
Troubleshooting
If engine troubles are experienced that appear to be
fuel system related, check the following areas before
adjusting the carburetor.
Make sure the fuel tank is filled with clean, fresh
gasoline.
Make sure the fuel tank cap vent is not blocked
and that it is operating properly.
4. Low Idle Speed Setting: Place the throttle control
into the “idle” or “slow” position. Set the low idle
speed to 1200 RPM* (+ 75 RPM) by turning the
low idle speed adjusting screw in or out. Check
the speed using a tachometer.
*NOTE: The actual low idle speed depends on the
application - refer to equipment
manufacturer’s recommendations. The
recommended low idle speed for basic
engines is 1200 RPM. To ensure best
results when setting the low idle fuel
needle, the low idle speed must not
exceed 1200 RPM (+ 75 RPM).
If the fuel tank is equipped with a shut-off valve,
make sure it is open.
15
5. Low Idle Fuel Needle Setting: Place the throttle
into the "idle" or "slow" position. Turn the low
idle fuel adjusting needle in (slowly) until engine
speed decreases and then back out approximately
3/4 to 1 turn to obtain the best low speed
performance.
6. Recheck the idle speed using a tachometer
Readjust the speed as necessary.
Electronic Fuel Injection (EFI) System
The EFI system is a complete, electronically-controlled,
fuel management system, designed to deliver a
precisely controlled fuel flow under all operating
conditions. The electronic control unit (ECU), the
"brain" of the system, automatically adjusts fuel
delivery and ignition timing based upon load, speed,
operating temperature, and exhaust emission levels.
The low idle speed is the only manual adjustment
possible. The ECU continuously monitors operation of
the EFI system. If it detects a problem or fault within
the system, it will illuminate the malfunction indicator
light (MIL), which is mounted in view of the operator.
This is a signal that normal, programmed operation
has been affected, and service by an authorized Kohler
Engine Dealer is required.
NOTE: Do not spray water at the wiring harness or
any of the electrical components, especially
the ECU, as it could cause malfunction,
damage, or failure.
Troubleshooting
If the MIL comes on, or the engine becomes hard to
start, runs roughly, or stalls at low idle speed, initial
checks should be made in the following areas:
Make sure the fuel tank is filled with clean,
fresh gasoline, and shut-off valve (if so
equipped) is opened completely.
Make sure fuel tank vent cap is not blocked and
it is operating properly.
Make sure the air cleaner element and
precleaner are clean and all components are
properly secured. Clean or replace as
necessary.
Make sure the proper fuel filter is being
used, and it is clean and unobstructed. Replace
filter only with genuine Kohler parts.
Make sure all connections to sensors, ECU,
and fuel injectors are properly secured.
16
Make sure a good 12 volt battery is being used
and is fully charged.
If these checks do not correct the problem, or the MIL
remains on, further diagnosis and servicing by an
authorized Kohler Engine Dealer is necessary.
Adjustment - EFI Throttle Body
Low Idle Speed (RPM) is the only adjustment that can
be made. All other fuel calibrations are controlled by
the ECU. The standard low idle speed is 1500 RPM*
(k 75 RPM).
*NOTE: The actual low idle speed depends on the
application -- refer to equipment
manufacturer's recommendations.
When an EFI engine is started cold, the ECU will
briefly set a higher (200-400 RPM) low idle speed,
similar to a fast idle. Do not attempt to perform any
readjustment during this "warm-up" period.
If adjustment is to be made, the engine must be at
operating temperature, air cleaner in place, and check
engine light must be off (no fault codes present).
1. Start the engine and run at half throttle for 5 to 10
minutes to warm up.
2. Place the throttle control into the "idle" or "slow"
position.
3. Turn the low idle speed adjusting screw in or out
and check RPM with a tachometer. See Figure 19.
Troubleshooting
When troubles occur, be sure to check the simple causes which, at first, may seem too obvious to be considered.
For example, a starting problem could be caused by an empty fuel tank. Some common causes of engine troubles
are listed in the following table.
Do not attempt to service or replace major engine components, or any items that require special timing or
adjustment procedures. Have your Kohler Engine Service Dealer do this work.
Possible Cause No
Problem
Fuel
Improper
Fuel
Dirt In
Dirty
Fuel Line Grass Screen
ISvstem
Incorrect
Oil Level
Engine
Overloaded
Dirty Air
Cleaner
Faulty
Spark Plug
Will Not Start
Hard Startina
Stops Suddenly
Lacks Power
Operates Erratically
Knocks or Pinas
Skips or Misfires
Backfires
Overheats
High Fuel Consumption
Storage
Parts Ordering
If the engine will be out of service for two months or
more, use the following storage procedure:
The engine Specification, Model, and Serial Numbers
are required when ordering replacement parts from
your Kohler Engine Service Dealer. These numbers are
found on the identification plate which is affixed to the
engine shrouding. Include letter suffixes if there are
any. See “Engine Identification Numbers” on page 6.
1. Clean the exterior surfaces of the engine.
2. Change the oil and filter while the engine is still
warm from operation. See “Change Oil and Oil
Filter” on page 9.
3. The fuel system must be completely emptied, or
the gasoline must be treated with a stabilizer to
prevent deterioration. If you choose to use a
stabilizer, follow the manufacturers
recommendations, and add the correct amount for
the capacity of the fuel system. Fill the fuel tank
with clean, fresh gasoline. Run the engine for 2-3
minutes to get stabilized fuel into the carburetor.
Close fuel shut off valve when unit is being stored
or transported.
To empty the system, run the engine until the tank
and system are empty.
Always insist on genuine Kohlerparts. All genuine
Kohler parts meet strict standards for fit, reliability, and
performance.
Major Repair
Major repair information is available in Kohler Engine
Service Manuals. However, major repair generally
requires the attention of a trained mechanic and the
use of special tools and equipment. Your Kohler
Engine Service Dealer has the facilities, training, and
genuine Kohler replacement parts necessary to
perform this service. For Sales & Service assistance
call 1-800-544-2444 (US. & Canada) or contact your
Kohler Engine Dealer or Service Distributor, they’re in
the Yellow Pages under Engines-Gasoline.
4. Remove the spark plugs. Add one tablespoon of
engine oil into each spark plug hole. Install plugs,
but do not connect the plug leads. Crank the
engine two or three revolutions.
5. Store the engine in a clean, dry place.
17
Specifications
Model: ................................................
CV17 ......................... CV18,20 .............................
CV22 .............................
Bore: ...............................
mm (in.) .... 73 (2.87) ................... 77 (3.03) .............................
77 (3.03)#.......................
Stroke: .............................
mm (in.) .... 67 (2.64) ................... 67 (2.64) .............................
67 (2.64) ........................
Displacement: ..................cm3(in3).... 561 (34.2) .................624 (38.1) ........................... 624 (38.1)#.....................
Power (Q3600 RPM): ..... kW (HP) .... 12.7 (17*) .................. 13.4 (18*)/14.9 (20*) .......... 16.4 (22*) ......................
N.m (ft. Ib.) Q RPM ... 37.3 (27.5) Q2200
Compression Ratio
8.51
Weight: ..............................
kg (Ib.) .... 41 (90) ......................
Oil Capacity (w/filter): L (US. qts.) .... 1.9 (2.0) ....................
Lubrication:
45 (33) 622600
8.51
8.51
41 (90) ................................ 41 (90) ...........................
1.9 (2.0) ..............................
1.9 (2.0) .........................
Full Pressure w/full Flow Filter
CV25,26,730,740
83 (3.27)
67 (2.64)
725 (44.2)
18.4 (25*)/19.4(26*)
18.6(25*)/20.1(27*)
54 (39.5) Q2200
56.4 (41.6) Q2200
52 (38) Q2800
54 (40) Q2800
9.O:l
43 (94)
2.0 (2.1)
Exhaust Emission Control System for models CV17,20,22,23,25,675,730,740 is EM.
Exhaust Emission Control System for model CV26 is EM, 02S, ECM, MFI.
*Horsepower ratings are established in accordance with Society of Automotive Engineers - Small Engine Test Code 4 1 995
GROSS. Kohler Co. reserves the right to change product specifications, design, and standard equipment without notice and
without incurring obligation.
‘CV22, CV23, or CV675 engines with Spec. Numbers of 755xx have bore size of 80 mm (3.15 in.) and displacement of
674 cm3(41.1 in3).
LIMITED 2 YEAR COMMAND ENGINE WARRANTY
We warrant to the original consumer that each new COMMAND engine sold by us will be free from manufacturing defects in materials or
workmanship in normal service for a period of two (2) years from date of purchase, provided if is operated and maintained in accordance
with Kohler Co.3 instructions and manuals.
Our obligation under this warranty is expressly limited, at our option, to the replacement or repair at Kohler Co., Kohler, Wisconsin 53044,
or at a setvice facility designated by us of such parts as inspection shall disclose to have been defective.
EXCLUSIONS:
Mufflers on engines used commercially (non-residential) are warranted for one (1) year from date of purchase, except catalytic mufflers,
which are warranted for two (2) years.
This warranty does not apply to defects caused by casualty or unreasonable use, including faulty repairs by others and failure to provide
reasonable and necessary maintenance.
The following items are not covered by this warranty:
Engine accessories such as fuel tanks, clutches, transmissions, power-drive assemblies, and batteries, unless supplied or installed by
Kohler Co. These are subject to the warranties, if any, of their manufacturers.
WE SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, including but
not limited to labor costs or transportation charges in connection with the repair or replacement of defective parts.
ANY IMPLIED OR STATUARY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, ARE EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO THE DURATION OF THIS WRITTEN WARRANTY. We make no other express warranty, nor
is any one authorized to make any in our behalf.
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE:
Purchaser must bring the engine to an authorized Kohler service facility. For the facility nearest you, consult your Yellow Pages or write
Kohler Co., Attn: Engine Warranty Service Dept., Kohler, Wisconsin, 53044.
ENGINE DIVISION, KOHLER CO., KOHLER, WISCONSIN 53044
18
KOHLER CO.
FEDERAL AND CALIFORNIA EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
LIMITED WARRANTY
SMALL OFF-ROAD ENGINES
The U S . Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the California Air Resources Board (CARB), and Kohler Co. are pleased to explain the
Federal and California Emission Control Systems Warranty on your small off-road equipment engine. For California, engines produced in
1995 and later must be designed, built and equipped to meet the state’s stringent anti-smog standards. In other states, 1997 and later
model year engines must be designed, built and equipped to meet the U S . EPA regulations for small non-road engines. The engine must
be free from defects in materials and workmanship which cause it to fail to conform with U S . EPA standards for the first two years of
engine use from the date of sale to the ultimate purchaser. Kohler Co. must warrant the emission control system on the engine for the
period of time listed above, provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper maintenance.
The emission control system may include parts such as the carburetor or fuel injection system, the ignition system, and catalytic converter.
Also included are the hoses, belts and connectors and other emission related assemblies.
Where a warrantable condition exists, Kohler Co. will repair the engine at no cost, including diagnosis (if the diagnostic work is performed at
an authorized dealer), parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER’S WARRANTY COVERAGE
Engines produced in 1995 or later are warranted for two years in California. In other states, 1997 and later model year engines are
warranted for two years. If any emission related part on the engine is defective, the part will be repaired or replaced by Kohler Co. free of
charge.
OWNER’S WARRANTY RESPONSIBILITIES
(a) The engine owner is responsible for the performance of the required maintenance listed in the owner’s manual. Kohler Co.
recommends that you retain all receipts covering maintenance on the engine, But Kohler Co. cannot deny warranty solely for the lack
of receipts or for your failure to assure that all scheduled maintenance was performed.
(b)
Be aware, however, that Kohler Co. may deny warranty coverage if the engine or a part has failed due to abuse, neglect, improper
maintenance or unapproved modifications.
(c)
For warranty repairs, the engine must be presented to a Kohler Co. service center as soon as a problem exists. Call 1-800-544-2444
or access our website at www.kohlerengines.com for the names of the nearest service centers. The warranty repairs should be
completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
If you have any questions regarding warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact Kohler Co. at 1-920-457-4441 and ask for an
Engine Service representative.
COVERAGE
Kohler Co. warrants to the ultimate purchaser and each subsequent purchaser that the engine will be designed, built and equipped, at the
time of sale, to meet all applicable regulations. Kohler Co. also warrants to the initial purchaser and each subsequent purchaser, that the
engine is free from defects in materials and workmanship which cause the engine to fail to conform with applicable regulations for a period
of two years.
Engines produced in 1995 or later are warranted for two years in California. For 1997 and later model years, EPA requires manufacturers to
warrant engines for two years in all other states. These warranty periods will begin on the date the engine is purchased by the initial
purchaser. If any emission related part on the engine is defective, the part will be replaced by Kohler Co. at no cost to the owner. Kohler
Co. is liable for damages to other engine components caused by the failure of a warranted part still under warranty.
Kohler Co. shall remedy warranty defects at any authorized Kohler Co. engine dealer or warranty station. Warranty repair work done at an
authorized dealer or warranty station shall be free of charge to the owner if such work determines that a warranted part is defective.
Listed below are the parts covered by the Federal and California Emission Control Systems Warranty. Some parts listed below may require
scheduled maintenance and are warranted up to the first scheduled replacement point for that part. The warranted parts are:
Oxygen sensor (if equipped)
Intake manifold (if equipped)
Exhaust manifold (if equipped)
Catalytic muffler (if equipped)
Fuel metering valve (if equipped)
Spark advance module (if equipped)
Crankcase breather
Ignition module(s) with high tension lead
Gaseous fuel regulator (if equipped)
Electronic control unit (if equipped)
Carburetor or fuel injection system
Fuel lines (if equipped)
Air filter, fuel filter, and spark plugs (only
to first scheduled replacement point)
Continued on next Daae.
19
LIMITATIONS
This Emission Control Systems Warranty shall not cover any of the following:
(a)
repair or replacement required because of misuse or neglect, improper maintenance, repairs improperly performed or replacements
not conforming to Kohler Co. specifications that adversely affect performance and/or durability and alterations or modifications not
recommended or approved in writing by Kohler Co.,
(b)
replacement of parts and other services and adjustments necessary for required maintenance at and after the first scheduled
replacement point,
(c)
consequential damages such as loss of time, inconvenience, loss of use of the engine or equipment, etc.,
(d)
diagnosis and inspection fees that do not result in eligible warranty service being performed, and
(e)
any add-on or modified part, or malfunction of authorized parts due to the use of add-on or modified parts.
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR REQUIREMENTS
The owner is responsible for the proper use and maintenance of the engine. Kohler Co. recommends that all receipts and records covering
the performance of regular maintenance be retained in case questions arise. If the engine is resold during the warranty period, the
maintenance records should be transferred to each subsequent owner. Kohler Co. reserves the right to deny warranty coverage if the
engine has not been properly maintained; however, Kohler Co. may not deny warranty repairs solely because of the lack of repair
maintenance or failure to keep maintenance records.
Normal maintenance, replacement or repair of emission control devices and systems may be performed by any repair establishment or
individual; however, warranty repairs must be performed by a Kohler authorized service center. Any replacement part or service that is
equivalent in performance and durability may be used in non-warranty maintenance or repairs, and shall not reduce the warranty obligations
of the engine manufacturer.
FOR SALES AND SERVICE INFORMATION
IN U S . AND CANADA, CALL
1-800-544-2444
Y
60-
110 RUN'"
ENGINE DIVISION, KOHLER CO., KOHLER, WISCONSIN 53044
FORM NO.: TP-2475-G
ISSUED:
12/94
REVISED: 12/01
MAILED:
LITHO IN U.S.A.
I
I
I
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