AG-HVX200 MENUS EXPLAINED 1. SCENE FILE Menu

AG-HVX200 MENUS EXPLAINED 1. SCENE FILE Menu

AG-HVX200 MENUS EXPLAINED

TOP MENU, or MAIN MENU, WHEN IN CAMERA

MODE:

1. SCENE FILE

2. CAMERA SETUP

3. SW MODE

4. AUTO SW

5. RECORDING SETUP

6. AV IN/OUT SETUP

7. DISPLAY SETUP

8. CARD FUNCTIONS

9. OTHER FUNCTIONS (on page 2)

Note: Any menu items that are shown in BLUE are not available with the current configuration of the camera, meaning they can not be selected or executed. GREEN indicates that a particular menu item has been selected, and can be subsequently changed.

1. SCENE FILE Menu Group

OPERATION TYPE:

Being the very first menu item, this might seem like a very important option. However, this setting does not effect the image in any way whatsoever. It simply determines the way certain information is displayed in the camera, as described below.

VIDEO CAM

= SYNCRO SCAN numbers are displayed as shutter speeds in fractions of a second. Also Time Code numbers (last two numbers) are based

on a 30 f.p.s. cadence (counting 0 to 29 frames) except for 720P/24PN Time

Code numbers which are displayed at 24 f.p.s. (this is the default setting)

FILM CAM

= SYNCRO SCAN numbers are displayed as shutter angles.

Time Code numbers (last two numbers) are based on a 24 f.p.s. cadence

(counting 0 to 23 frames).

See the SYNCRO SCAN menu below for further setting options.

FRAME RATE:

Selects the Frame Rate or Frames Per Second (f.p.s.) when the camera is in the 720P and VIDEO CAM mode. Options are:

DEFAULT, 12, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 30, 32, 36, 48, 60 fps. The DEFAULT value is determined by the format selected in Main Menu #5 (and this is also the factory default setting).

SYNCRO SCAN:

When OPERATION TYPE = FILM CAM is selected, shutter speeds are expressed as shutter angles, such as “180.0d” The shutter angle can be changed in increments of 0.5 degrees between 10.0 degrees and 350.0 degrees. (180.0d is the default setting)

When OPERATION TYPE = VIDEO CAM is selected, shutter speeds are expressed as fractions of a second.

DETAIL LEVEL:

Adjust the degree of artificial Image Enhancement applied to the image. This artificial edging is also called Detail or Detail

Enhancement, and sometimes Contouring (Europe), or Sharpness (a consumer term). Detail is added in both the horizontal and vertical directions simultaneously. Once added, Detail can not be subsequently removed in post

(but can be added, to any degree, any time later). What constitutes too much or too little Detail is both subjective (matter of taste), and application dependent.

Minus 7 gives the least Detail Enhancement, and might be recommended if planning to do a “filmout” to 35mm release prints. If “staying on tape”, minus 1

or minus 2 might be a good balance between too much or too little Detail.

Range is 15 steps from minus 7 >>> 0 >>> plus 7.

V DETAIL LEVEL:

Adjust the degree of artificial Image Enhancement applied to the image in the vertical direction only. Range is 15 steps from minus 7 >>> 0 >>> plus 7.

DETAIL CORING:

Adjust the level of noise applied to the image via the detail circuits. Negative numbers produce a cleaner looking image, but with slightly higher noise levels incorporated in the image. Positive numbers progressively reduce the noise level. Range is 10 steps from minus 2 >>> 0

>>> plus 7.

The next three controls are for basic color adjustment for

‘painting’ the image:

CHROMA LEVEL:

This control can saturate the colors, or desaturate the colors, by dialing in positive or negative numbers. Zero is for normal color saturation. Range is 15 steps from minus 7 >>> 0 >>> plus 7.

CHROMA PHASE:

Shifts the overall color rendition of the image between MAGENTA and CYAN. Zero provides a normal Magenta / Cyan balance. Range is 15 steps from minus 7 >>> 0 >>> plus 7.

COLOR TEMP:

Shifts the overall color rendition between RED and

BLUE. Can be used to fine-tune a White Balance or Preset by making it a little cooler or warmer. So this adjustment is added to a previously performed white balance. Zero is normal. Range is 15 steps from minus 7 >>> 0 >>> plus 7.

MASTER PED:

Adjust how “black” will appear in the image, or in other words how black do you want your “blacks” to appear. Also known as Master

Black, it is a tool for finding the right balance between “crushed blacks” with little to no shadow detail, and “milky blacks” with substantially more shadow detail. This is a powerful tool – so if in doubt, leave it set around zero (the default). It ultimately depends on the lighting contrast, but it is usually a good idea to lower the Master Pedestal or Master Black a point or two (negative numbers). This helps to conceal noise in the ‘blacks’ or shadow areas of the image. Range is 31 steps from minus 15 >>> 0 >>> plus 15.

A. IRIS LEVEL:

A fine-tuning adjustment to slightly increase or decrease the exposure of the automatic iris system in the camera. The images can be made slightly brighter or darker according to taste or application. Range is 9 steps from minus 4 >>> 0 >>> plus 4.

NEWS GAMMA:

This mode is an Auto Gamma circuit. It can be turned

ON or OFF in this menu. If ON, it adjusts Gamma dynamically depending on what the lens “sees”. It is only available in Video Gamma shooting mode. OFF is the default.

GAMMA:

The following presets are available for Master Gamma and

Dynamic Level:

HD NORM

is the equivalent of 0.45 Master Gamma. (Knee circuit control is available)

LOW

is the equivalent of 0.35 Master Gamma

SD NORM

is for Standard Definition recording. Looks similar to the gamma preset used in the DVX100 series of camcorders.

HIGH

is the equivalent of 0.75 Master Gamma

B.PRESS ???

CINE-LIKE D:

Has the widest dynamic range. Similar to FILM REC in the Varicam. Best mode if going to a “filmout” i.e. making 35mm release prints. Like a film negative, this mode has reduced image contrast and color saturation in anticipation of this being normalized when film prints are eventually struck. The Knee circuit is non-functional in this mode.

CINE-LIKE V:

This is the mode for shooting HD video when you are staying on tape (no “filmout”). It has richer tones, and more contrast compared to CINE-LIKE D. It is similar to shooting in VIDEO REC mode in the

Varicam.

When you select either CINE-LIKE gamma option above, Panasonic recommends slightly underexposing the image (about ½ a stop) to maximize the benefits of using these modes.

KNEE:

The general rule for setting exposure in any digital camera, it that you must first expose properly for your ‘blacks’ or shadow areas of the image.

This means there must be enough light falling into the shadow areas, plus the lens stop must be set accordingly, to render an appropriate level of detail in these shadow areas. There are no tools available in this camera to achieve this by any other means (including the Gain switch, which primarily just adds noise to the shadows). So light and expose for the ‘blacks’ first. If this then means that your highlights are now overexposed, then you do have tools available in the camera to compensate for this, namely in the Knee menus and the Gamma menus. The Dynamic Range (Exposure Latitude) of the HVX 200 is about 8 stops (according to Michael Caporale – I haven’t tested this myself).

AUTO = an Auto Knee circuit. (This is the factory default)

The following are in-camera presets for Knee Point and

Knee Slope.

LOW

= Knee Point is 80% (IRE) - Knee compression starts at 80% (IRE).

Make sure this setting does not adversely effect the normal highlight areas of the image by making them appear dull.

MID

= Knee Point is 90% (IRE) - Knee compression starts at 90% (IRE)

HIGH

= Knee Point is 100% (IRE) - Knee compression effects the strongest highlights only, namely those above 100% (IRE).

MATRIX:

The following presets for HD color space are available:

NORM

is the equivalent of SMPTE 274M Color Space

ENRICHED

has a wider Color Space than SMPTE 274M and is more saturated

FLURO

extends or boosts the Reds for better rendition of skin tones.

Designed to compensate for the missing part of the red spectrum in fluorescent lighting, but can be used with any sort of lighting for a warmer feeling (an aesthetic choice).

CINE-LIKE

This setting probably provides the widest possible Color

Space in the HVX 200. Best if considering a ‘filmout’.

SKIN TONE DETAIL:

Turns the Skin Detail circuit ON or OFF (OFF is the default). Skin Detail circuits always reduce Detail or Image Enhancement in a selected area of the image. So in the areas of the image that approximate flesh tones, the level of Detail or Image Enhancement is reduced. This helps to hide (rather than emphasize) any skin blemishes that may be present with your on-screen talent.

V. DETAIL FREQ:

Sets the width of the vertical detail edging when shooting in the 480i “progressive” mode = 480i/30P, 480i/24P, and 480i/24PA

(either to P2 or tape).

THIN

(the default) As the name suggests, this option produces the narrowest edging effect.

MID

= wider edging

THICK

= produces the widest edging effect (not normally recommended).

NAME EDIT:

Allows you to edit a personalized name for the Scene File that corresponds to whatever Scene File number the external dial on the back of the camera is set to (choice of Scene Files 1 through 6).

SAVE / INIT:

Please Note: When the HVX 200 is re-powered, it does not automatically retain any of the existing settings you have made in the menus.

When it is re-powered, the HVX 200 recalls the settings according to whatever

Scene File number it is set to (choice of 1 through 6). So to ensure the current settings (or other specific settings) are recalled when you turn the camera back on, they must have been previously saved to a particular Scene File number (in other words, before powering down, or exiting the menus). This Scene File must be selected when the camera is re-powered, or a particular Scene File subsequently selected after the camera is re-powered, to have those settings active in the camera.

SAVE

= Saves the scene files settings that are currently set up in the menu structure. They are saved to whatever Scene File number the external dial on the back of the camera is currently set to (choice of 1 through 6). Note again, that the settings will not be saved if you exit the menu mode, switch to the

MCR / VCR mode, or power down the camera before saving the settings via this particular menu.

INITIAL

= Recalls the factory default Scene Files settings according to whatever Scene File number the external dial on the back of the camera is currently set to (choice of 1 through 6).

2. CAMERA SETUP Menu Group

ASPECT CONV:

When recording in the 480i format (P2 or tape), this option determines how a 16x9 image is applied to the 4x3 format.

NORMAL

= 4x3 is cropped out (cut out) of the wider 16x9 image

LETTERBOX

= the 16x9 image shape is preserved by having a black bar above and below in the recorded image. The wider aspect ratio is captured without cropping or distortion.

SQUEEZE

= the 16x9 images is squeezed horizontally (pushed in from the sides) to fit the 4x3 shape. The wider aspect ratio is captured, but in a slightly distorted image.

SETUP (P2):

Sets the lower “clip point” for the “blacks” or deepest shadows (often referred to as “setup”) for recording to the P2 card. So in a similar way to the highlight clip point, nothing is recorded in the video signal below this point. Digital formats are usually zero, while analog standard definition formats are usually 7.5% (IRE).

0% (IRE)

= Zero “setup” for both the camera output, and the actual recording to P2.

7.5%A (IRE)

= 7.5% “setup” for the camera output, and zero “setup” recorded to P2.

SETUP (TAPE):

Sets the lower “clip point” for the “blacks” or deepest shadows (often referred to as “setup”) for recording to tape. So in a similar way to the highlight clip point, nothing is recorded in the video signal below this point. Digital formats are usually zero, while analog standard definition formats are usually 7.5% (IRE).

0% (IRE)

= Zero “setup” for both the camera output and the actual recording to tape.

7.5% (IRE)

= 7.5% “setup” for both the camera output and the actual recording to tape.

3. SW MODE Menu Group

MID GAIN:

Sets the gain level when the switch on the camera is set to the

M position. The options are: 0dB, 3dB, 6dB, 9dB, 12dB. This camera already has a tendency to be overly noisy, so every effort should be made to keep the noise levels as low as possible (or as concealed as possible). Apart from deliberately adding noise to the image as an effect, there is normally no reason to ever add gain to a recording. Tip – set M and H to 0dB, so the camera is always locked to zero gain regardless of the external switch position.

HIGH GAIN:

Sets the gain level when the switch on the camera is set to the H position. The options are: 0dB, 3dB, 6dB, 9dB, 12dB. This camera already has a tendency to be overly noisy, so every effort should be made to keep the noise levels as low as possible (or as concealed as possible). Apart from deliberately adding noise to the image as an effect, there is normally no reason to ever add gain to a recording. Tip – set M and H to 0dB, so the camera is always locked to zero gain regardless of the external switch position.

ATW:

Stands for Auto Tracking White Balance. Sets how the ATW circuit is activated according to the position of the WHITE BAL switch on the side of the camera.

Ach

= Turns ON ATW when the WHITE BAL switch is set to the A position.

Bch

= Turns ON ATW when the WHITE BAL switch is set to the B position.

PRST

= Turns ON ATW when the WHITE BAL switch is set to the PRST position.

OFF

= Leaves the ATW circuit turned OFF.

HANDLE ZOOM:

Sets the zoom speed assigned to each of the three switch positions on the zoom handle, namely positions 1, 2, and 3:

L/OFF/H

sets #1 to low speed, #2 to OFF, and #3 to high speed

L/M/H

sets #1 to low speed, #2 to medium speed, and #3 to high speed

L/OFF/M

sets #1 to low speed, #2 to OFF, and #3 to medium speed

Zoom is disabled when set to OFF

IRIS DIAL:

In MANUAL IRIS mode, this menu sets the direction of rotation for opening or closing the iris.

DOWN OPEN

= Turning the iris dial downwards opens the iris.

UP OPEN

= Turning the iris dial upwards opens the iris.

USER 1:

Selects what camera function is to be assigned to the USER 1 button on the side of the camera. WHITEFADE is the factory default.

REC CHECK

= Performs a Record Review operation to check the integrity of the last part of the last shot recorded.

SPOTLIGHT

= Offsets the auto iris to close more than normal (decrease exposure) to compensate for an area of very strong light within the image, such as a shaft of light. This is effectively an exposure compensation feature for the times when the auto iris circuit is “fooled” by an unusual lighting situation which it can not interpret effectively.

BACKLIGHT

= Offsets the auto iris to open wider than normal (increase exposure) to compensate for strong backlighting. This is effectively an exposure compensation feature for the times when the auto iris circuit is

“fooled” by an unusual lighting situation which it can not interpret effectively.

Press the USER button again to turn this feature OFF.

BLACKFADE

= Press and hold to fade out to black. The audio also fades at the same time. Release the button, and a fade in from black is performed.

WHITEFADE

= Press and hold to fade out to white. The audio also fades at the same time. Release the button, and a fade in from white is performed.

ATW

= Turns the Auto Tracking/Tracing White Balance ON and OFF.

ATW LOCK

= Fixes or locks the White Balance values when pressed. The values will not change until the button is pressed again. When pressed a second time, the ATW feature continues to operate making automatic adjustments.

Press once to lock the values, press again to turn the ATW circuit back on again. The button toggles in this fashion.

GAIN 18Db

= Applies super gain (and excessive noise) to the image. Only applies to 60i and 60p recording formats only. Also doesn’t work when the frame rate is less than 22 fps, or the shutter is very slow (1/15th). I can’t think of any reason to use this function, except as a special effect where the aesthetics of a very noisy image is desired.

FOCUS RING

= Selects the focus ring function.

INDEX / MEMO

= Used to record a text memo at any point in a clip.

When INDEX / MEMO is assigned to a USER switch, then pressing this button inserts the text memo. You can record up to 100 text memos per clip. You can not record text memo during interval recording or one-shot recording.

SLOT SEL

(P2 card only) = Selects one of the P2 card slots.

SHOT MARK

(P2 card only) = Used to mark a thumbnail associated with a particular shot. Can be used to indicate “circled takes” or best takes for future reference. Press the button again to release the shot mark feature.

USER 2:

Selects what camera function is to be assigned to the USER 2 button on the side of the camera. The available options are the same as USER 1 above. BACKLIGHT is the factory default.

USER3:

Selects what camera function is to be assigned to the USER 3 button on the side of the camera. The available options are the same as USER 1

& 2 above. INDEX / MEMO is the factory default.

4. AUTO SW Menu Group

A. IRIS:

When set to ON, the Auto Iris control is operational in Auto mode.

In this mode, the IRIS button does not function. When set to OFF, the Auto Iris control does not operate in Auto mode. In this mode, the IRIS button is functional.

AGC:

If ON is selected in the menu above (A. IRIS), then Automatic Gain

Control is active according to the selectable options below:

6dB

= Automatic Gain Control is active up to a maximum of 6dB gain in

Auto mode.

12dB

= Automatic Gain Control is active up to a maximum of 12dB gain in

Auto mode.

OFF

= Automatic Gain Control is turned OFF. In this case, gain is determined by the position of the gain switch on the side of the camera.

ATW:

ON

= Auto Tracking/Tracing White Balance is operational in Auto mode.

This setting overrides any physical switches for ATW on the camera. However, in this mode ATWLOCK is operational if assigned to a USER button.

OFF

= Auto Tracking/Tracing White Balance is not operational. In this case, the White Balance setting is determined by the position of the WHITE BAL switch on the side of the camera: PRST, A, or B.

AF:

ON

= Auto focusing is operational in Auto Mode. In this mode, the FOCUS switch and PUSH AUTO button are not operational.

OFF

= Auto focusing is not operational in Auto Mode. In this mode, the

FOCUS switch and PUSH AUTO button are available to assist with setting focus.

5. RECORDING SETUP Menu Group

RECORD FORMAT (P2):

This important menu item is used to select the recording format to be recorded to the P2 card (only). The 13 available recording format options are:

1080i/60i, 1080i/30P, 1080i/24P,

1080i/24PA, 720P/60P, 720P/30P, 720P/24P, 720P/30PN,

720P/24PN, 480i/60i, 480i/30P, 480i/24P, 480i/24PA.

The factory default option is 720P/60P

RECORD FORMAT (TAPE):

Used to select the recording format to be recorded on to the mini-DV cassette tape (only). The 4 available recording format options are:

480i/60i, 480i/30P, 480i/24P, 480i/24PA.

The factory default option is 480i/60i

480i REC MODE (P2):

Used to select the type of 480i recording format to be recorded to the P2 card (only). The 3 options are:

DVCPRO 50 (50Megabits/sec)

DVCPRO (25Megabits/sec)

DV (25Megabits/sec)

(The factory default option is DVCPRO 50)

REC FUNCTION (P2):

Selects the type of recording mode. Chose

Normal recording or one of the special recording modes as shown below:

NORMAL

= Normal recording mode

INTERVAL

= Records a single frame with an interval between frames defined below in the INTERVAL TIME menu.

ONE SHOT

= Records a “shot” for the duration defined below in the ONE-

SHOT TIME menu, and with the interval between “shots” defined in the

INTERVAL TIME menu.

LOOP

= When two P2 cards are inserted in the camera, and recording has filled both with data, LOOP mode continues to record on the first card again by overwriting the data already stored there. Useful for trying to capture a random or important event that can not be predicted ahead of time (e.g. behavior of wildlife etc.) Loop recording stops when either card is ejected form their slot.

ONE-SHOT TIME (P2):

Used to select the One-shot recording duration. The options are: 1F, 2F, 4F, 8F, 16F, 1s

INTERVAL TIME (P2):

Used to select the One-shot or Interval duration. The options are: 2F, 4F, 8F, 16F, 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, 30s, 1m, 5m, 10m

PREREC MODE (P2):

Sets PRE RECORDING mode ON or OFF.

Using buffer technology, approximate 3 seconds of HD (or 7 seconds of SD) is continuously captured and can be recorded when the record button is pressed.

This provides the ability to capture an event in time that occurred a few seconds before the record button is actually pressed. Useful for capturing the start of an event that is not known ahead of time.

REC SPEED (TAPE):

Sets the tape recording speed, and therefore the picture quality and the total recording time available.

SP

= Standard Play mode. Tape runs at normal speed (the default).

LP

= Long Play mode. Tape runs slower for a longer recording time, but with reduced picture quality.

AUDIO REC (TAPE):

Selects the audio recording mode – sampling rate and quantization:

32K (12 bit)

48K (16 bit)

MIC ALC:

Sets an microphone Auto Level Control (ALC) ON or OFF.

This seems to be a limiter to stop or compress loud sounds before being clipped. The basic audio recording level still needs to be set manually with the

AUDIO Control Dials on the back of the camera while referring to the audio level meter. So this seems to be an auto limiter working on top of manual audio level controls.

MIC GAIN 1:

Sets the input level of the external microphone connected to the INPUT 1 socket (LINE Input level is 0 dB):

-50dB

(default)

-60dB

(increases sensitivity and therefore signal to noise)

MIC GAIN 2:

Sets the input level of the external microphone connected to the INPUT 2 socket (LINE Input level is 0 dB):

-50dB

(default)

-60dB

(increases sensitivity and therefore signal to noise)

25M REC CH SEL (P2):

Selects the number of audio channels for

DVCPRO 25 and DV formats when recording to P2 cards only (tape is always

2 channel). Options for P2 are:

2CH

4CH

DVCPRO HD and DVCPRO 50 are always 4 audio channels of audio (fixed).

1394 TC REGEN:

MCR / VCR Menu. Selects the type of Time Code that is recorded via the IEEE 1394 (“FireWire”) interface on the camera:

ON

= Records the Time Code embedded in the IEEE 1394 (“FireWire”) signal

OFF

= Records the Time Code set in TC MODE / TCG / FIRST REC TC

TC MODE:

Selects the type of Time Code generated by the camera.

DF

= Drop Frame Time Code (normally used for broadcast only)

NDF

= Non Drop Frame Time Code (this is preferred for production and post-production purposes)

TCG:

Selects the type of Time Code generated by the camera.

FREE RUN

= Continuously running Time Code. Can be set to time-of-day if preferred.

REC RUN

= The Time Code advances only when the camera is recording, and stops when the camera stops or pauses. Usually preferred for single-camera shooting.

FIRST REC TC (TAPE):

Selects the type of Time Code generated by the camera going to tape (only).

REGEN

= Picks up the Time Code previously recorded on the tape, and continues the sequence in the new recording.

PRESET

= Allows you to set the starting Time Code number

HH:MM:SS:FF

TC PRESET:

This menu becomes active if you select PRESET in the menu above. Set the starting Time Code number here = HH:MM:SS:FF

Note: If the recording format is set to 24P, 24PA, or 24PN, then the frame value here (last two numbers) needs to be

00, 05, 10, 15, or 20 (in multiples of 5), otherwise Time

Code mismatching will occur.

1394 UB REGEN:

MCR / VCR Menu. Selects the User Bit information that is recorded via the IEEE 1394 (“FireWire”) interface on the camera:

ON

= Records the User Bit information embedded in the IEEE 1394

(“FireWire”) signal

OFF

= Records the User Bit information set in UB MODE

UB MODE:

Sets what is recorded as User Bit information:

USER

= If selected, personalized User Bit information can be recorded. This can be set in the UB PRESET menu below.

TIME

= Records the time as User Bit information.

DATE

= Records the date as User Bit information.

TCG

= Records the internal Time Code generator as User Bit information.

FRM. RATE

= Records frame rate information (Frame Sequence number,

Frame Rates, Recording Management data). See the Operation Manual for details.

UB PRESET:

Sets the User Bit information when USER is selected in the

UB MODE menu above.

1394 IN PRESET:

MCR / VCR Menu. Synchronizes the internal Time

Code generator with the Time Code present in the IEEE 1394 (“FireWire”) input, when the TC SET button is pressed.

ON

= Synchronization is turned ON

OFF

= Synchronization is turned OFF

6. AV IN/OUT SETUP Menu Group

CMPNT OUT SEL (P2):

Selects the type of component video output:

720P

= Monitor which supports the D4 terminal

1080i

= Monitor which supports the D3 terminal. (720P recordings are crossconverted if using this output)

480i

= Monitor which supports the D1 terminal

HP MODE:

Selects the source of audio heard through the headphones:

LIVE

= Sound is monitored directly from the microphones.

RECORDING

= Sound that is synchronized with the images is monitored.

7. DISPLAY SETUP Menu Group

ZEBRA DETECT 1:

Sets the trigger point for the left-leaning zebra pattern superimposed on the image: 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%,

85%, 90%, 95%, 100%, 105%

ZEBRA DETECT 2:

Sets the trigger point for the right-leaning zebra pattern superimposed on the image: 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%,

85%, 90%, 95%, 100%, 105%, OFF (if set to OFF, zebra 2 patterns will not appear)

The display changes in a cyclic fashion each time you press the ZEBRA button on the side of the camera: ZEBRA1 >>>> ZEBRA 2 >>>> MARKER >>>>

OFF >>>>

MARKER:

Sets the display marker ON or OFF. This facility allows you to measure the video level (as a percentage) inside the marked area of the screen.

It is like “Y GET” on the Varicam.

SAFETY ZONE:

Sets framelines in the viewfinder.

OFF

= No framelines are displayed

90%

= Superimposes a 90% safety frameline.

4:3

= Superimposes a 4 x 3 frameline.

VIDEO OUT OSD::

ON

= Overlays or superimposes the On Screen Display information with the video output from the VIDEO IN/OUT connector.

(When recording to tape, no OSD information is mixed with the image during recording, however it is output to the FireWire IEEE 1394 connector while in standby mode.)

OFF

= The On Screen Display information is not displayed.

DATE/TIME:

OFF

= The Time or Date information is not displayed (the default).

TIME

= The Time display is overlaid or superimposed with the video output from the VIDEO IN/OUT connector.

DATE

= The Date display is overlaid or superimposed with the video output from the VIDEO IN/OUT connector.

TIME & DATE

= The Time and Date display is overlaid or superimposed with the video output from the VIDEO IN/OUT connector.

(Note: This operation works independently of the OSD display function above.)

LEVEL METER:

ON

= Displays the audio level meter (the default).

OFF

= The audio level meter is not displayed.

ZOOM-FOCUS:

Sets how the unit values for focal length and focus distance are displayed.

OFF

= No values are displayed.

NUMBER

= (the default).

mm/feet

= Guideline only. These are approximate values, so this is not an accurate reference.

mm/m

= Guideline only. These are approximate values, so this is not an accurate reference.

CARD/TAPE-BATT:

ON

= Displays the remaining recording time on tape or P2 card, and the remaining battery charge (the default).

OFF

= No display.

OTHER DISPLAY:

OFF

= No display.

PARTIAL

(the default) = See pp 95 of the Operation Manual for details.

ALL

= See pp 95 of the Operation Manual for details.

LCD BACKLIGHT:

HIGH

= A brighter setting for the LCD viewing-screen backlight. Use for bright ambient light viewing conditions, such as daylight exteriors.

NORMAL

= (the default) This setting will extend the life of the LCD viewing-screen.

LCD SET:

Adjusts the brightness, contrast, and color level of the image on the LCD screen.

LCD COLOR LEVEL

= adjusts the color level of the image

LCD BRIGHTNESS

= adjust image brightness

LCD CONTRAST

= adjusts image contrast

EVF SET:

Adjusts the brightness, contrast, and color level of the viewfinder image.

LCD COLOR LEVEL

= adjusts the color level of the image

LCD BRIGHTNESS

= adjust image brightness

LCD CONTRAST

= adjusts image contrast

SELF SHOOT:

NORMAL

= The LCD image is displayed normally (i.e. not sideways inverted).

MIRROR

= The LCD image is sideways inverted (mirrored) to facilitate the framing of self portraits. Useful when viewing the LCD from in front of the lens (i.e. when the subject being recorded is also operating the camera).

EVF MODE:

ON

= Images are always displayed in the viewfinder, regardless of whether the LCD screen is open or closed.

AUTO

= Images are NOT displayed in the viewfinder when the LCD screen is open.

DISPLAY ASPECT:

AUTO

= The aspect ratio of the images is automatically determined by the recording or playback format.

4:3

= Locked to a 4 x 3 aspect-ratio image. 16 x 9 images are letterboxed between black bars above and below (i.e. the entire image is displayed within a

4 x 3 frame with nothing missing).

EVF COLOR:

Sets the viewfinder image to display in color, or black & white.

ON

= The viewfinder image is displayed in color.

OFF

= The viewfinder image is displayed in black & white.

8. CARD FUNCTIONS Menu Group

SCENE FILE (P2):

Up to four Scene Files can be saved to the SD

Memory Card.

READ

= Reads or copies Scene Files data from the SD Memory Card to the camera.

WRITE

= Writes or copies Scene Files data from the camera to the SD

Memory Card.

USER FILE (P2):

Up to four User File settings can be saved to the SD

Memory Card.

READ

= Reads or copies User File setting data from the SD Memory Card to the camera.

WRITE

= Writes or copies User File setting data from the camera to the SD

Memory Card.

SD CARD FORMAT:

Used to format (or re-format) a SD Memory

Card ready for use in the camera, or to bulk delete any data already on the SD

Memory Card.

9. OTHER FUNCTIONS Menu Group

REMOTE:

VCR1

= The camera responds to a remote control that is set to VCR1.

VCR2

= The camera responds to a remote control that is set to VCR2.

OFF

= The camera will not respond to a remote control.

(See pp19 of the Operating Instructions to see how to switch between VCR1 and VCR2 on the remote control unit itself.)

1394 CONTROL:

When using an external recording devise connected via the IEEE 1394 interface, this menu selects how that recorder is to be controlled, and the video output, through the FireWire connection.

OFF

= No control of the external recorder, or video signal sent out, via

FireWire.

EXT

= In this mode, all video recording is external and nothing is recorded to the camera’s onboard tape or P2 card. The external recorder can be controlled by the START/STOP button on the camera.

BOTH

= Both the onboard recorder (tape or P2 card), plus an external recorder connected via FireWire, simultaneously record video. So two separate recordings are made at the same time.

CHAIN

= In this mode, the onboard recorder changes to the external recorder. The change over is triggered by the onboard recorder (tape or P2 card) nearing its end. If the external recorder is in recording standby mode, it will start recording automatically as the onboard recorder is nearing the end of the tape, or storage capacity of the P2 card.

1394 CMD SEL:

Selects how the camera’s START/STOP button controls an external recording devise.

REC_P

= As the camera’s START/STOP is pressed, this toggles between

Recording mode and Rec. Pause mode, on the external recorder.

STOP

= As the camera’s START/STOP is pressed, this toggles between

Recording mode and Stop, on the external recorder. (If the external recorder does not have a “Rec. Pause” facility, then this mode should be chosen.)

END SEARCH:

Determines how the END SEARCH facility works, when this button is pressed on the camera.

BLANK

= Searches for blank or unrecorded sections on the tape.

REC END

= Searches for the last shot recorded.

PC MODE (P2):

Selects the interface for data transfer from the camera.

USB DEVICE

= For sending files via the USB connector.

1394 DEVISE

= For sending files via the IEEE 1394 (FireWire) connector.

1394 HOST

= For copying files from the P2 card to an external computer connected via the IEEE 1394 (FireWire) interface.

REC LAMP:

OFF

= No tally lights will illuminate in recording mode.

FRONT

= During recording, the front tally light will illuminate (microphone side).

REAR

= During recording, the rear tally light will illuminate (viewfinder side).

BOTH

= During recording, both the front and the rear tally lights will illuminate.

ACCESS LED:

Turns the operation of the Access Lamp either ON or

OFF.

ON

= The Access Lamp will blink when active.

OFF

= The Access Lamp will never illuminate.

BEEP SOUND:

Turns the audible warning Beep ON or OFF.

ON

= An audible warning Beep will sound for the circumstances listed below.

OFF

= There will be no audible warning Beep.

An audible warning Beep will sound:

1) When the storage capacity of a P2 card is used up, or a tape has been fully recorded to the end.

2) When a tape has not been inserted when the camera is turned on (powered up).

3) When a tape is inserted with the record-inhibit tab set to prevent recording.

4) As a warning that condensation has formed inside the camera.

5) As an indication that there is a problem inside the recorder section of the camcorder.

(Note: The audible warning Beep is always OFF when LIVE is selected for the

HP MODE in the AV IN/OUT SETUP menu – see Menu Group 6 above.)

CLOCK SET:

Used to set the clock in the recorder section of the camcorder.

TIME ZONE:

You can add or subtract time values in relation to

Greenwich Mean Time or GMT, according to your geographic time zone. You can set values from minus 12:00 to plus 13:00 hours in 30 minute steps. See pp

116 of the Operating Instructions for further details about time zones.

POWER SAVE:

Selects Power Saving Mode when the camcorder has been left idle for approximately 5 minutes.

ON

= The whole camera is powered down after approximately 5 minutes of non-use.

OFF

= The drum stops spinning, but the camcorder is left fully powered up.

(Note: Power Save mode is overridden when an external devise is connected and communicating via the IEEE 1394 interface, so camera power is always on.)

LANGUAGE:

Selects the language use in the menus.

ENGLISH

(the default)

JAPANESE

USER FILE:

LOAD

= The stored file settings are loaded.

SAVE

= Changes to file settings can be saved for later retrieval.

INITIAL

= Recalls the factory default settings.

For the LOAD and INITIAL operations above, the camera must be turned OFF momentarily, and then turned back ON again for these new settings to become functional.

HOUR METER (TAPE):

Shows the total number of hours the drum has been spinning.

10. OPTION Menu Group

This is a “deeper” menu group used to check details of the connection status during non-linear editing, or similar operations. This menu is accessed by holding down the DISP/MODE CHK button, and after this information is displayed, then pressing the MENU button.

1394 STATUS:

WHEN A P2 CARD IS USED FOR RECORDING:

FORMAT

= Format of the video input or output.

RATE

= Transfer Rate.

60/50

= Shows whether a 60 Hertz or 50 Hertz system is used.

CH

= Channel values.

SPEED

= Transfer Speed.

STATUS

= Signal status input or output via IEEE 1394.

VIDEO

= Video signal status input or output.

AUDIO

= Audio signal status input or output.

WHEN A TAPE IS USED FOR RECORDING:

FORMAT

= Format of the video input or output.

RATE

= Transfer Rate.

60/50

= Shows whether a 60 Hertz or 50 Hertz system is used.

CH

= Channel values.

SPEED

= Transfer speed.

MODE

= Signal status input or output via IEEE 1394.

Rx

= Reception status.

Tx

= Transmission status.

1394 CONFIG:

An extended menu for IEEE 1394 control.

DFLT

= This is the default, and the configuration normally used.

Disclaimer: While I check the information presented here as thoroughly as possible (...through actual work experience, personal testing, and consulting

other experts in the field), I can not absolutely guarantee its complete accuracy.

These writings really reflect my own evolving understanding of these particular issues as I try and piece everything together myself. These pages are works in progress, and will be corrected and updated as new information comes to hand.

Any and all feedback is very gratefully accepted. Especially any information that helps to correct outright mistakes in this presentation, or additional information that helps to expand the scope of these discussions.

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