INSTALLING CHILD CAR RESTRAINTS AND SECURING YOUR CHILD 4. Ensure the harness is fitted firmly and at the right level. Once you have selected the appropriate restraint for your child, you need to install it correctly. It is best if you attempt fitting the restraint yourself so that you know how the restraint works, giving you confidence in completing the process. A Child Car Restraint Fitting Service can then assist you to check that the restraint is fitted correctly. • Ensure the shoulder straps are at the correct level in the slot closest to their shoulders (check your restraint user manual). You shouldn’t be able to fit more than one finger between the strap and your child’s body. Make sure the straps are not twisted. • C heck the eye level of your child is not higher than the top of the back of the restraint. FOR MORE INFORMATION If currently you do not have the appropriate restraint for your child, you can hire or buy child car restraints. You can hire restraints from: • private companies • community service organisations 5. Make sure you check the restraint every time you use it. • hospitals. • Always take the time to get your child comfortably and correctly strapped in. If you need advice or help with installation of the restraint, you can visit a Child Car Restraint Fitting Service. This service is available throughout Western Australia. • Keep an eye on the condition of the restraint. To find your nearest service visit www.childcarrestraints.com.au or call the Child Car Restraint Information Line: 1300 780 713 1. Read through the child car restraint user manual that comes with the restraint. It may seem like a lot of information but it will assist you to keep your child safer. Take the time. Children with disabilities may require a special seat if they cannot easily use a child seat. For more information, call the Independent Living Centre of Western Australia on 1300 885 886 or Kidsafe WA on (08) 9340 8509 \1800 802 244. 2. Learn about how tether straps and anchorages work. • T ether straps connect an infant restraint, a child seat, tethered booster or harness to the vehicle’s dedicated child restraint anchorage points. • A nchorages in a vehicle are usually in the form of a bolt with a specially-shaped metal bracket or rod to which the fitting on the tether can be attached. Make sure you check your vehicle manual to confirm the location of the anchorage points. If your vehicle does not have anchorage points call the Department of Transport on 13 11 56 about installing them. THE SAFETY DOOR YOUR GUIDE TO CHILD CAR RESTRAINTS Special message... Using the ‘safety door’ is the safest way for children to enter and exit a car. The safety door is the rear door that is closest to the kerb or footpath away from the road. Ask your children to wait for you to open the safety door before getting in and out of the car. If you have some questions or would like more information on child car restraints please visit www.sdera.wa.edu.au 3. Identify the seatbelt pathway. The seatbelt pathway may be different for rearward and forward facing restraints. Check your user manual. www.sdera.wa.edu.au Statewide Services Centre 33 Giles Avenue, Padbury WA 6025 P (08) 9402 6415 Buckle up, every child, every trip Restraints are important. When choosing the right child car restraint, check the age and size of your child RESTRAINTS ARE IMPORTANT BEFORE SELECTING A RESTRAINT • Road crashes are a major cause of death and injury for children in Incorrectly using a restraint or using a restraint that is not appropriate for your child’s size puts your child at a higher risk of serious injury and death. Western Australia. • Using an appropriate child car restraint greatly reduces your child’s • Children must be in the appropriate restraint: • If you are pregnant, you should plan to get an infant restraint before you give birth to your baby. Use the restraint to take your baby home from hospital. • Never allow children to share seatbelts or restraints with adults or other children. • Where possible, always place children in the back seat of your car. The back seat is much safer than the front seat. It is also against the law for children under 7 years of age to sit in the front seat of a vehicle that has 2 or more rows of seats. Take the time to talk to your child about the importance of being buckled up. You must wear a seatbelt too, even when you are pregnant. Young children can learn about safer road safety skills and values through role modelling from their parents and caregivers. As a parent or caregiver you are able to keep your child safer when they are travelling in a vehicle by learning about selecting and installing the right child car restraint for your child. Read on to learn more. Your child’s age and size are most important Keep your child in the appropriate restraint until they reach the upper weight and size limit for that restraint. risk of death or serious injury in the event of a car crash. - even on short trips - even when you are driving slowly - even when they do not want to. TYPES OF RESTRAINTS • Safety standards. Child car restraints must meet the Australian Standards (ASNZS1754) mark to be used legally. Birth to 6 months • Your child’s age and size. Keep an eye on your child’s Types of restraint to use Dedicated Infant Restraint/Infant carrier/capsule or Convertible child restraint. This is a dual purpose restraint. A convertible is a rearward facing restraint that can then be turned around to become a forward facing restraint. Your baby should be left in the rearward facing restraint until they reach the specified size limit. weight and height. There are a number of child car restraints available, and it is important that you choose the restraint that is appropriate and provides the best protection for your child. Some will take children up to 12 months/30 months forward facing Continue to use the most appropriate restraint for your child until they outgrow it. Forward facing restraint. • The age of the restraint. Child car restraints less than 10 years 6 months old to approximately 4 years This is a forward facing chair with an inbuilt harness. old are recommended. OR • The history of the restraint. If it is second hand. Do not use Rearward facing restraint with an inbuilt harness. a child car restraint that has been in a crash (even if it does not appear damaged), shows signs of wear and tear, crease marks in the plastic or frayed straps. Make sure everything is in working order - the buckle and adjusters must work correctly - and that no pieces are missing. •Does the restraint fit your car? Make sure the child car restraint is the right fit for the model of your car. It is very important for the restraint to be correctly installed. A booster seat. 4 years to approximately 7 years OR 7 years + If your child still fits in a booster seat keep them in it. Forward facing restraint with an inbuilt harness. Child restraints should never be used in vehicle seats that face rearward (towards the back of the car) or sideways. Never fit a restraint with an airbag in front of it. Have a look at this table to decide which restraint is most appropriate for your child’s age and size. Reminder • Do not wrap your child in a blanket or a rug before you place them in the restraint. After securing your child in the restraint, you may wish to then cover them with a blanket or rug. Check that this does not interfere with your child’s breathing. • Do not use a cushion or towel or anything similar as a booster under your child or whilst they are using a harness. *Age is what is referred in road rules and set out minimum requirements while size is what restraints are manufactured to (pre 2010 weight post 2011 height markers).
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