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INSTALLING CHILD CAR RESTRAINTS AND
SECURING YOUR CHILD
4. Ensure the harness is fitted firmly and at the right level.
Once you have selected the appropriate restraint for your child, you need
to install it correctly. It is best if you attempt fitting the restraint yourself
so that you know how the restraint works, giving you confidence in
completing the process. A Child Car Restraint Fitting Service can then
assist you to check that the restraint is fitted correctly.
• Ensure
the shoulder straps are at the correct level in the slot closest
to their shoulders (check your restraint user manual). You shouldn’t
be able to fit more than one finger between the strap and your child’s
body. Make sure the straps are not twisted.
• C
heck the eye level of your child is not higher than the top of the
back of the restraint.
FOR MORE INFORMATION
If currently you do not have the appropriate restraint for your child, you can
hire or buy child car restraints.
You can hire restraints from:
• private companies
• community service organisations
5. Make sure you check the restraint every time you use it.
• hospitals.
• Always
take the time to get your child comfortably and correctly
strapped in.
If you need advice or help with installation of the restraint, you can visit
a Child Car Restraint Fitting Service. This service is available throughout
Western Australia.
• Keep an eye on the condition of the restraint.
To find your nearest service visit
www.childcarrestraints.com.au
or call the Child Car Restraint
Information Line: 1300 780 713
1. Read through the child car restraint user manual that comes with
the restraint. It may seem like a lot of information but it will assist you
to keep your child safer. Take the time.
Children with disabilities may require a special seat if they cannot easily
use a child seat. For more information, call the Independent Living Centre
of Western Australia on 1300 885 886 or Kidsafe WA on (08) 9340 8509
\1800 802 244.
2. Learn about how tether straps and anchorages work.
• T ether straps connect an infant restraint, a child seat, tethered
booster or harness to the vehicle’s dedicated child restraint
anchorage points.
• A
nchorages in a vehicle are usually in the form of a bolt with a
specially-shaped metal bracket or rod to which the fitting on the
tether can be attached. Make sure you check your vehicle manual to
confirm the location of the anchorage points.
If your vehicle does not have anchorage
points call the Department of Transport on
13 11 56 about installing them.
THE SAFETY DOOR
YOUR GUIDE TO
CHILD CAR RESTRAINTS
Special message...
Using the ‘safety door’ is the safest
way for children to enter and exit a
car.
The safety door is the rear door
that is closest to the kerb or footpath away from the road. Ask your
children to wait for you to open the
safety door before getting in and out
of the car.
If you have some questions or
would like more information
on child car restraints please
visit www.sdera.wa.edu.au
3. Identify the seatbelt pathway.
The seatbelt pathway may be different for
rearward and forward facing restraints.
Check your user manual.
www.sdera.wa.edu.au
Statewide Services Centre
33 Giles Avenue, Padbury WA 6025
P (08) 9402 6415
Buckle up, every child, every trip
Restraints are important.
When choosing the right
child car restraint, check the
age and size of your child
RESTRAINTS ARE IMPORTANT
BEFORE SELECTING A RESTRAINT
• Road crashes are a major cause of death and injury for children in
Incorrectly using a restraint or using
a restraint that is not appropriate for
your child’s size puts your child at a
higher risk of serious injury and death.
Western Australia.
• Using an appropriate child car restraint greatly reduces your child’s
• Children must be in the appropriate restraint:
• If you are pregnant, you should plan to get an infant restraint before
you give birth to your baby. Use the restraint to take your baby home
from hospital.
• Never allow children to share seatbelts or restraints with adults or
other children.
• Where possible, always place children in the back seat of your car.
The back seat is much safer than the front seat. It is also against the law
for children under 7 years of age to sit in the front seat of a vehicle that
has 2 or more rows of seats.
Take the time to talk to your child about the importance of being
buckled up.
You must wear a seatbelt too, even when you are pregnant. Young
children can learn about safer road safety skills and values through role
modelling from their parents and caregivers.
As a parent or caregiver you are able to keep your child
safer when they are travelling in a vehicle by learning
about selecting and installing the right child car restraint
for your child. Read on to learn more.
Your child’s age and size
are most important
Keep your child in the appropriate
restraint until they reach the
upper weight and size limit for that
restraint.
risk of death or serious injury in the event of a car crash.
- even on short trips
- even when you are driving slowly
- even when they do not want to.
TYPES OF RESTRAINTS
• Safety
standards. Child car restraints must meet the
Australian Standards (ASNZS1754) mark to be used legally.
Birth to 6 months
• Your child’s age and size. Keep an eye on your child’s
Types of restraint to use
Dedicated Infant Restraint/Infant carrier/capsule
or
Convertible child restraint. This is a dual purpose
restraint. A convertible is a rearward facing
restraint that can then be turned around to
become a forward facing restraint. Your baby
should be left in the rearward facing restraint
until they reach the specified size limit.
weight and height. There are a number of child car restraints
available, and it is important that you choose the restraint that is
appropriate and provides the best protection for your child.
Some will take children up to 12 months/30
months forward facing
Continue to use the most appropriate restraint for your child until they
outgrow it.
Forward facing restraint.
• The age of the restraint. Child car restraints less than 10 years
6 months old to
approximately 4 years
This is a forward facing chair with an inbuilt
harness.
old are recommended.
OR
• The history of the restraint. If it is second hand. Do not use
Rearward facing restraint with an inbuilt
harness.
a child car restraint that has been in a crash (even if it does not appear
damaged), shows signs of wear and tear, crease marks in the plastic or
frayed straps. Make sure everything is in working order - the buckle and
adjusters must work correctly - and that no pieces are missing.
•Does the restraint fit your car? Make sure the child car
restraint is the right fit for the model of your car. It is very important for
the restraint to be correctly installed.
A booster seat.
4 years to approximately
7 years
OR
7 years +
If your child still fits in a booster seat keep
them in it.
Forward facing restraint with an inbuilt harness.
Child restraints should never be used in vehicle seats that face rearward
(towards the back of the car) or sideways. Never fit a restraint with an
airbag in front of it.
Have a look at this table to
decide which restraint is most
appropriate for your child’s age
and size.
Reminder
• Do not wrap your child in a blanket or a rug before you place them in the restraint. After securing your child in the restraint, you may wish
to then cover them with a blanket or rug. Check that this does not interfere with your child’s breathing.
• Do not use a cushion or towel or anything similar as a booster under your child or whilst they are using a harness.
*Age is what is referred in road rules and set out minimum requirements while size is what restraints are manufactured to (pre 2010 weight post
2011 height markers).
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