BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2007

BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2007
BP Statistical Review
of World Energy
June 2008
Introduction
1 Group chief executive’s introduction
2 2007 in review
Oil
6
8
11
16
17
18
20
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Prices
Stocks
Refining
Trade movements
Natural gas
22
24
27
30
31
Reserves
Production
Consumption
Trade movements
Prices
Coal
32
32
34
35
Reserves
Prices
Production
Consumption
Nuclear energy
36 Consumption
Hydroelectricity
Find out more online
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2008 is available online
at www.bp.com/statisticalreview. The website contains all the tables
and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras,
including:
• Historical data from 1965 for many sections.
• Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy,
electricity and renewables.
• An energy charting tool, where you can view predetermined reports
or chart-specific data according to energy type, region and year.
• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.
• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of the charts, maps
and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the historical data.
• A German translation of the Review.
• A Russian translation of highlights from the Review.
About the Review
For 57 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided
high-quality, objective and globally consistent data on world energy
markets. The Review is one of the most widely respected and
authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for
reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy
companies. A new edition is published every June.
About BP
BP is one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, serving
millions of customers in more than 100 countries across six continents.
Our business segments are Exploration and Production and Refining
and Marketing. Through these business segments, we provide fuel
for transportation, retail brands and energy for heat and light.
38 Consumption
Primary energy
40 Consumption
41 Consumption by fuel
43 R/P ratios
Appendices
44 Approximate conversion factors
44 Definitions
45 Further information
The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy
June 2008 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for
determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules
contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas
Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or
as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily
represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been
compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.
Group chief executive’s introduction
Welcome to the 2008 edition of the BP Statistical Review of World
Energy. This publication’s purpose has always been to provide objective
data about world energy markets, and I believe it will perform a particularly
important role this year.
The defining feature of global energy markets remains high and
volatile prices, reflecting a tight balance of supply and demand.
This has put issues such as energy security, energy trade and
alternative energies at the forefront of the political agenda worldwide.
At such a time, reliable data is an invaluable tool for decision makers
and analysts both inside and outside the industry.
World economic growth was strong last year, despite financial
market turmoil that began in August, and this continued to support
global energy consumption. Although growth in consumption slowed
in 2007 compared with 2006, it was still above the 10-year average
for the fifth consecutive year.
The oil price has been on an upward path for more than six years
now. According to our data series, which goes back to 1861, that is the
longest period of rising prices on record – and we know how this has
continued so far this year.
Coal – seen as affordable and locally produced in many parts of the
world – was the fastest growing fossil fuel for the fifth year in a row.
Globally, oil consumption rose, but at the weakest rate of all the fossil
fuels, reflecting the pressure from high prices. Interestingly, oil
consumption growth is now concentrated in countries that subsidize
consumer prices, primarily oil-exporting nations and rapidly growing
non-OECD economies such as China and India.
The ongoing growth in fossil fuel consumption suggests that global
carbon dioxide emissions are still rising. However, 2007 was another
year of rapid growth for alternative sources of energy, including
biofuels, solar and wind power. We have published more detailed
data on renewable energy at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
Turning to production, global output of gas and coal grew last year, but
oil production fell. Oil’s decline was in part due to net production cuts
by OPEC of 350,000 barrels per day (b/d), combined with field maturity
in OECD provinces, where output declined by nearly 300,000b/d.
The data in this year’s Review again shows the reserves of oil, gas
and coal left in the world. It has been 100 years since BP’s story
began with the first oil discovery in the Middle East. The world’s fossil
fuel resource base remains sufficient to support growing levels of
production. But the continued weakness in oil supply and increasing
demand outside the OECD also highlight the challenges we all face in
maintaining secure energy supplies. Maturing basins in the OECD,
limited access elsewhere, constrained capacity, higher costs and rising
resource nationalism challenge consumers and producers alike.
Despite high and volatile energy prices, the data shows how the world’s
energy markets continue to deliver reliable energy supplies. This Review
highlights the interconnected nature of those markets, and how they
require producers and consumers to collaborate in solving our mutual
challenges. As policy-makers around the world seek to address concerns
about energy security and climate change, this points to the importance
of supporting a proper role of market mechanisms in energy.
I would like to thank all those around the world involved in the
preparation of this 57th edition of the Review, and in particular our
government contacts in many countries,who helped to compile the data.
Tony Hayward
Group Chief Executive
June 2008
1
2007 in review
Global energy consumption growth remained robust in 2007, driven by above-average economic
growth and despite continued high prices. OECD countries are showing the most significant
reaction to continued high energy prices.
Divergent price movements, between fuels and regions, affected energy market developments
in 2007. Crude oil prices rose for a sixth consecutive year – the longest unbroken period of
growth in our data set. Natural gas prices increased modestly except in Europe, where spot
prices fell substantially. For a second consecutive year, steam coal prices fell in North America
but increased elsewhere.
ENERGY DEVELOPMENTS
World primary energy consumption increased
by 2.4% in 2007 – down from 2.7% in 2006,
but still the fifth consecutive year of aboveaverage growth. The Asia-Pacific region
accounted for two-thirds of global energy
consumption growth, rising by an aboveaverage 5% even though consumption in
Japan declined by 0.9%. North American
consumption rebounded after a weak year
in 2006, rising by 1.6% – double the 10-year
average. Chinese growth of 7.7% was the
weakest since 2002, although still above the
10-year average (as was China’s economic
growth). China again accounted for half of
global energy consumption growth. Indian
consumption grew by 6.8%, the third-largest
volumetric increment after China and the US.
EU energy consumption declined by 2.2%,
with Germany registering the world’s largest
decline in energy consumption.
Chinese energy consumption
+7.7%
EU consumption
- 2.2%
2
Oil
Dated Brent crude oil averaged $72.39 per
barrel in 2007, an increase of 11%. Prices rose
steadily throughout the year, from a low of
just over $50 in mid-January to above $96 by
year-end. Temporary bottlenecks caused the
US benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI)
to trade at a discount to Brent for the first
time since 1979. Discounts for heavy, sour
crudes remained high reflecting continued
refining constraints.
Global oil consumption grew by 1.1% in
2007, or 1 million barrels per day (b/d), slightly
below the 10-year average. Consumption in the
oil-exporting regions of the Middle East, South
and Central America and Africa accounted for
two-thirds of the world’s growth. The Asia-Pacific
region grew by 2.3%, roughly in line with the
historical average even though growth in China
and Japan was below average, with strong
growth in a number of emerging economies.
OECD consumption fell by 0.9%, or nearly
400,000b/d. The global growth rate for light
distillates matched that of middle distillates
for the first time since 2002 due to strong
petrochemicals demand.
Global oil production fell by 0.2%, or
130,000b/d, the first decline since 2002.
OPEC production dropped by 350,000b/d due
to the cumulative impact of production cuts
implemented in November 2006 and February
2007. Among the 10 members participating
in production cuts, crude oil output fell by
900,000b/d. Saudi Arabia’s output dropped by
440,000b/d, the largest decline in the world
last year. Increased output in Angola and Iraq,
and growing supply of condensates/natural gas
liquids (NGLs), partially offset that decline.
Oil production growth outside OPEC
remained weak, rising by 230,000b/d in 2007.
OECD output declines moderated, but
nonetheless fell for a fifth consecutive year.
Production in both Norway and Mexico
declined by more than 200,000b/d. Former
Global oil consumption
grew by 1.1% in 2007.
Consumption growth
was robust in
oil-exporting countries.
Soviet Union output rose by nearly 500,000b/d,
with Azerbaijan and Russia each growing by
more than 200,000b/d.
International trade in crude oil and refined
products rose despite OPEC production cuts
and rising domestic consumption in oil-exporting
countries. Much of this growth was in refined
products, a reflection of imbalances and
constraints in the world’s refining system.
World primary
energy consumption
increased by 2.4%
in 2007
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
3
Natural gas
World natural gas consumption grew by an
above-average 3.1% in 2007, although only
North America, Asia Pacific and Africa recorded
above-average regional growth. The US
accounted for nearly half of the world’s gas
consumption growth, driven by cold winter
weather and strong demand for gas in power
generation. Natural gas accounted for nearly
all the growth in US energy consumption.
Chinese consumption grew by 19.9% and
accounted for the second-largest increment
to global gas consumption. EU consumption
declined by 1.6% – the second consecutive
decline – in the face of warm winter weather.
Gas production rose by 2.4% in 2007.
As was the case for consumption, the US
accounted for the largest increment to supply,
growing by 4.3%, the strongest growth since
1984. EU production declined by 6.4%, with UK
output falling by 9.5%, the world’s largest
volumetric decline for a second consecutive
year. A small decline in Russian production
was more than offset by strong growth
elsewhere in the Former Soviet Union.
China and Qatar recorded the second- and
third-largest increments to production,
increasing by 18.4% and 17.9% respectively.
International trade in natural gas was weak
again in 2007, growing by 2.3%, less than half
the 10-year average. Global pipeline exports
stagnated once again, due to weak European
consumption. Liquefied natural gas (LNG)
shipments rose by 7.3%, in line with the
historical average, supported by continued
growth in shipments from Qatar and Nigeria.
Atlantic and Pacific basin LNG trade continued
to integrate. US LNG receipts rose by one-third
as a large price premium to European spot
markets resulted in the diversion of cargoes
to the US.
Gas consumption rose
by 3.1% in 2007, slightly
above the 10-year average.
The US accounted for the
largest incremental growth
in both production
and consumption.
Coal has been the fastestgrowing major fuel for five
consecutive years.
4
US gas consumption
increase in 2007
6.5
%
Other fuels
Coal was the fastest growing fuel in the
world for the fifth consecutive year. Global
consumption rose by 4.5%, above the 10-year
average of 3.2%. Consumption growth was
widespread, with growth in every region
except the Middle East exceeding the 10-year
average. Chinese coal consumption rose by
7.9%, the weakest growth since 2002 but still
sufficient to account for more than two-thirds
of global growth. Indian consumption rose by
6.6% and OECD consumption rose by 1.3%,
both above-average figures.
Nuclear power output fell by 2%, the
steepest decline on record. However, more
than 90% of this decline was accounted for
by Germany and Japan, which saw the world’s
largest nuclear power plant closed following
an earthquake. Hydroelectric generation
increased by 1.7%, slightly below the 10-year
average. Increased capacity in China and
Brazil, along with improved hydro availability
in Canada and Northern Europe, was partially
offset by drought-related declines in the US
and southern Europe.
Renewable energy remains a small share
of total global energy use, but most renewable
sources experienced rapid growth in 2007.
Ethanol output rose by 27.8%. Global capacity
for wind and solar electricity generation grew
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
broadly in line with historical averages of 28.5%
and 37%, respectively. Data on global ethanol
production and wind, solar, and geothermal
power generating capacity, as well as global
electricity output, is available at
www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
Chinese share of world energy
consumption growth in 2007
52
%
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We would like to express our gratitude to the
numerous contacts worldwide who provide
the basic data for this publication.
5
Oil
Proved reserves
At end 1987
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 1997
Thousand
million
barrels
At end 2006
Thousand
million
barrels
Thousand
million
tonnes
35.4
11.7
54.1
101.2
30.5
10.7
47.8
89.0
29.4
27.7
12.8
70.0
3.6
4.2
1.7
9.5
29.4
27.7
12.2
69.3
2.4%
2.2%
1.0%
5.6%
11.7
22.9
9.6
13.9
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
2.2
2.6
1.9
1.6
0.5
0.6
58.1
0.6
68.1
2.6
7.1
2.6
3.7
0.8
0.7
74.9
1.1
93.4
2.6
12.2
1.5
4.5
1.1
0.8
87.0
1.3
111.0
0.4
1.7
0.2
0.6
0.1
0.1
12.5
0.2
15.9
2.6
12.6
1.5
4.3
1.1
0.8
87.0
1.3
111.2
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
7.0%
0.1%
9.0%
10.2
18.9
7.4
22.5
26.4
14.1
91.3
25.2
45.9
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.4
0.7
n/a
6.6
1.3
n/a
n/a
5.2
n/a
61.7
75.8
n/a
0.9
0.8
n/a
12.0
0.9
n/a
n/a
5.2
n/a
68.0
88.0
7.0
1.2
0.8
39.8
8.5
0.5
79.3
0.6
3.6
0.6
2.2
144.1
1.0
0.1
0.1
5.3
1.0
0.1
10.9
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.3
19.4
7.0
1.1
0.8
39.8
8.2
0.5
79.4
0.6
3.6
0.6
2.1
143.7
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
3.2%
0.7%
22.1
9.8
17.6
73.2
8.8
12.4
21.8
8.3
6.0
14.3
12.8
22.1
92.9
100.0
94.5
4.1
4.5
169.6
1.7
98.1
1.1
0.1
566.6
92.6
112.5
96.5
5.4
12.5
261.5
2.3
97.8
1.8
0.2
683.2
138.4
115.0
101.5
5.6
27.9
264.3
3.0
97.8
2.8
0.1
756.3
19.0
15.5
14.0
0.8
3.6
36.3
0.3
13.0
0.4
†
102.9
138.4
115.0
101.5
5.6
27.4
264.2
2.5
97.8
2.8
0.1
755.3
11.2%
9.3%
8.2%
0.5%
2.2%
21.3%
0.2%
7.9%
0.2%
Algeria
Angola
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
8.6
2.0
–
0.7
4.7
–
1.0
22.8
16.0
0.3
1.7
1.0
58.7
11.2
3.9
–
1.6
3.7
0.6
2.7
29.5
20.8
0.3
0.3
0.7
75.3
12.3
9.0
0.9
1.9
3.7
1.8
2.0
41.5
36.2
6.6
0.6
0.6
117.1
1.5
1.2
0.1
0.3
0.5
0.2
0.3
5.4
4.9
0.9
0.1
0.1
15.6
12.3
9.0
0.9
1.9
4.1
1.8
2.0
41.5
36.2
6.6
0.6
0.6
117.5
1.0%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
3.3%
2.9%
0.5%
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
3.2
1.6
17.4
4.4
9.0
3.3
0.1
†
0.8
39.8
4.0
1.1
17.0
5.6
4.9
5.0
0.3
1.2
1.2
40.4
4.2
1.2
15.6
5.7
4.4
5.4
0.5
3.3
0.9
41.0
0.4
0.2
2.1
0.7
0.6
0.7
0.1
0.5
0.1
5.4
4.2
1.2
15.5
5.5
4.4
5.4
0.5
3.4
0.9
40.8
0.3%
0.1%
1.3%
0.4%
0.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.1%
3.3%
20.3
16.9
11.3
18.7
12.4
19.4
4.1
27.5
11.0
14.2
910.2
9.0
119.1
676.0
174.7
59.5
1069.3
8.8
113.4
818.7
184.1
66.5
1239.5
6.9
89.5
935.3
176.2
128.0
168.6
0.9
11.9
127.6
23.6
17.4
1237.9
6.8
88.3
934.7
175.0
128.1
100.0%
0.5%
7.1%
75.5%
14.1%
10.4%
41.6
7.8
12.6
72.7
14.3
27.4
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
152.2
1391.7
24.7
193.4
152.2
1390.1
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC‡
Former Soviet Union
Canadian oil sands •
Proved reserves and oil sands
At end 2007
Thousand
million
Share
barrels
of total
◆
6.4%
◆
0.3%
◆
0.2%
11.6%
◆
61.0%
◆
0.1%
9.5%
◆
R/P
ratio
86.2
*
*
21.3
62.8
69.5
17.4
91.9
22.7
10.9
82.2
16.8
14.4
17.2
23.9
15.7
13.2
23.8
61.5
42.1
39.7
16.7
10.2
31.2
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
•‘Remaining established reserves’, less reserves ‘under active development’.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas
Journal and an independent estimate of Russian reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian proved reserves include an official estimate of 21.0 billion barrels for
oil sands ‘under active development’. Reserves include gas condensate and NGLs as well as crude oil.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.
6
Proved reserves at end 2007
Thousand million barrels
755.3
143.7
117.5
111.2
69.3
40.8
Asia Pacific
North America
S. & Cent. America Africa
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Distribution of proved reserves in 1987, 1997 and 2007
Percentage
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
S. & Cent. America
North America
Asia Pacific
5.6
3.8
9.0
8.3
3.3
61.0
63.9
4.4
11.1
8.7
62.2
9.5
7.0
7.5
6.4
11.6
8.2
8.3
1987
Total 910.2 thousand million barrels
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
1997
Total 1069.3 thousand million barrels
2007
Total 1237.9 thousand million barrels
7
Production*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
8269
2588
3410
14267
8011
2672
3499
14182
7731
2604
3343
13678
7733
2721
3450
13904
7669
2677
3560
13906
7626
2858
3585
14069
7400
3004
3789
14193
7228
3085
3824
14137
6895
3041
3760
13696
6841
3208
3683
13732
877
868
667
397
120
135
3321
108
6493
890
1003
775
385
116
134
3480
125
6908
847
1133
838
383
107
141
3126
124
6699
819
1268
711
409
100
138
3239
130
6813
830
1337
627
416
98
135
3142
137
6722
818
1499
601
401
98
155
2895
152
6619
806
1555
564
427
92
164
2554
153
6314
754
1542
551
535
94
152
2907
144
6680
725
1716
554
541
111
171
2937
143
6899
716
1809
559
545
116
174
2808
141
6866
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
182
230
124
536
3280
141
6227
108
2702
182
524
14235
231
238
117
537
3138
137
6169
129
2807
191
506
14199
279
299
104
631
3139
133
6178
143
2909
191
474
14480
282
363
95
744
3346
131
6536
144
2667
177
465
14950
301
348
86
836
3418
130
7056
162
2476
171
465
15450
311
371
115
1018
3333
127
7698
182
2463
171
501
16289
313
368
116
1111
3264
123
8544
202
2257
166
509
16973
315
390
113
1297
3189
119
9287
193
2028
152
496
17579
452
377
127
1356
2969
114
9552
192
1809
126
469
17542
654
342
120
1426
2779
105
9769
186
1636
125
459
17600
868
312
122
1490
2556
105
9978
198
1636
114
456
17835
31.7%
–8.8%
1.6%
3.9%
–7.7%
1.0%
2.2%
6.5%
0.2%
–8.9%
–0.2%
1.5%
1.1%
0.4%
0.2%
1.8%
3.0%
0.1%
12.6%
0.3%
2.0%
0.1%
0.6%
22.0%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
3776
1166
2137
909
692
9482
577
2567
375
50
21731
3855
2121
2232
905
701
9502
576
2643
380
49
22964
3603
2610
2085
911
723
8853
579
2511
405
48
22328
3818
2614
2206
959
757
9491
548
2626
450
48
23516
3794
2523
2148
961
754
9209
581
2534
455
47
23006
3543
2116
1995
900
764
8928
548
2324
457
48
21623
4183
1344
2329
824
879
10164
527
2611
448
48
23357
4308
2030
2475
756
992
10638
495
2656
420
48
24818
4359
1833
2618
787
1028
11114
450
2753
416
34
25393
4388
1999
2682
752
1110
10853
421
2971
380
32
25589
4401
0.4%
2145
7.3%
2626 –2.1%
718 –4.6%
1197
5.3%
10413 –4.1%
394 –6.5%
2915 –2.3%
336 –11.6%
32
–
25176 –1.8%
5.4%
2.7%
3.3%
0.9%
1.4%
12.6%
0.5%
3.5%
0.4%
30.8%
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
1421
741
124
–
225
873
60
364
1491
2316
9
81
64
7768
1461
731
105
–
264
857
83
337
1480
2167
12
85
63
7644
1515
745
95
–
266
827
100
340
1425
2066
63
84
56
7583
1578
746
88
–
254
781
91
327
1475
2155
174
78
56
7804
1562
742
81
–
234
758
177
301
1427
2274
217
71
53
7897
1680
905
72
–
231
751
204
295
1375
2103
241
74
63
7994
1852
862
67
24
215
749
242
240
1485
2263
265
68
71
8402
1946
976
89
168
216
721
345
235
1624
2502
301
71
75
9268
2014
1246
82
173
246
696
373
234
1751
2580
305
73
72
9846
2003
1421
87
153
262
697
358
235
1834
2474
331
70
69
9995
2000 –0.1%
1723 20.7%
82 –5.7%
144 –6.3%
222 –15.3%
710
1.4%
363
1.6%
230 –2.1%
1848
0.5%
2356 –4.8%
457 38.1%
98 40.2%
85 24.7%
10318
3.2%
2.2%
2.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.5%
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
669
163
3211
800
1557
777
126
205
229
7737
644
157
3212
787
1520
779
130
245
217
7692
625
182
3213
788
1408
737
140
296
218
7608
809
193
3252
780
1456
735
176
328
200
7928
733
203
3306
780
1389
719
191
350
195
7866
730
210
3346
801
1289
757
204
354
193
7884
624
214
3401
798
1183
776
236
364
195
7791
582
210
3481
812
1129
793
223
427
186
7843
580
206
3627
776
1087
744
265
398
198
7880
554
221
3684
795
1017
748
286
367
206
7877
561
1.8%
194 –12.1%
3743
1.6%
801
0.9%
969 –4.9%
755
1.0%
309
7.4%
340 –7.6%
234 13.1%
7907
0.3%
0.6%
0.2%
4.8%
1.0%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
9.7%
TOTAL WORLD
72231
73588
72377
74916
74847
74478
77031
80326
81255
81659
81533
–0.2% 100.0%
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC ‡
Former Soviet Union
3454
21669
30666
34191
7374
3553
21500
31892
34305
7391
3684
21103
30671
34153
7552
3493
21521
32160
34742
8014
3285
21303
31498
34689
8660
3339
21430
29917
35028
9533
3128
21165
31709
34823
10499
2902
20766
34183
34735
11407
2659
19861
35321
34095
11839
2422
19458
35560
33780
12318
2394
19170
35204
33524
12804
–0.9%
–1.4%
–1.2%
–0.7%
3.9%
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
6879
3309
3477
13665
0.4%
3.6%
–5.5%
–0.5%
8.0%
4.1%
4.4%
16.5%
698 –2.5%
1833
1.4%
561
0.4%
520 –4.5%
114 –1.3%
154 –12.5%
2613 –7.2%
◆
141
6633 –3.6%
0.9%
2.3%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.4%
0.2%
8.5%
◆
2.9%
23.0%
43.0%
41.0%
16.0%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and
coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
8
Production*
Million tonnes
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
380.0
120.7
169.7
670.4
368.1
125.1
173.5
666.7
352.6
121.0
165.2
638.8
352.6
126.9
171.2
650.8
349.2
126.1
176.6
651.8
346.8
135.0
178.4
660.2
338.4
142.6
188.8
669.8
329.2
147.6
190.7
667.4
313.3
144.9
187.1
645.3
310.2
153.4
183.1
646.7
311.5
158.9
173.0
643.4
0.4%
3.6%
–5.5%
–0.5%
8.0%
4.1%
4.4%
16.5%
Argentina
Brazil
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
43.4
43.0
33.2
20.2
5.9
6.7
171.4
5.3
329.1
44.0
49.8
38.5
19.6
5.7
6.7
179.6
6.2
350.0
41.8
56.3
41.6
19.5
5.2
6.9
160.9
6.2
338.4
40.4
63.2
35.3
20.9
4.9
6.8
167.3
6.6
345.3
41.5
66.3
31.0
21.2
4.8
6.5
161.6
6.9
339.9
40.9
74.4
29.7
20.4
4.8
7.5
148.8
7.8
334.2
40.2
77.0
27.9
21.7
4.5
7.9
131.4
7.8
318.3
37.8
76.5
27.3
27.3
4.4
7.3
150.0
7.3
337.9
36.2
84.6
27.3
27.6
5.0
8.3
151.0
7.2
347.1
35.8
89.2
27.5
27.7
5.1
8.3
144.2
7.1
345.0
34.9 –2.5%
90.4
1.4%
27.6
0.4%
26.5 –4.5%
5.1 –1.3%
7.3 –12.5%
133.9 –7.2%
◆
7.1
332.7 –3.6%
0.9%
2.3%
0.7%
0.7%
0.1%
0.2%
3.4%
0.2%
8.5%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Italy
Kazakhstan
Norway
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
9.0
11.2
5.9
25.8
156.2
6.8
307.4
5.4
127.9
7.9
25.1
688.6
11.4
11.6
5.6
25.9
149.6
6.6
304.3
6.4
132.6
8.2
24.2
686.5
13.9
14.6
5.0
30.1
149.7
6.4
304.8
7.1
137.4
8.1
22.7
699.6
14.1
17.7
4.6
35.3
160.2
6.3
323.3
7.2
126.2
7.5
22.4
724.7
15.0
17.0
4.1
40.1
162.0
6.2
348.1
8.0
116.7
7.2
22.2
746.6
15.4
18.1
5.5
48.2
157.3
6.1
379.6
9.0
115.9
7.2
23.6
786.0
15.5
17.9
5.6
52.4
153.0
5.9
421.4
10.0
106.1
7.1
24.0
818.9
15.6
19.1
5.5
60.6
149.9
5.7
458.8
9.6
95.4
6.6
23.4
850.1
22.4
18.4
6.1
62.6
138.2
5.4
470.0
9.5
84.7
5.4
22.0
844.8
32.5
16.7
5.8
66.1
128.7
5.0
480.5
9.2
76.6
5.4
21.7
848.1
42.8
15.2
5.9
68.7
118.8
5.0
491.3
9.8
76.8
4.9
21.6
860.8
187.0
57.1
105.1
44.9
33.3
454.5
28.7
120.1
17.7
2.3
1050.7
190.8
104.2
110.0
44.7
33.6
455.7
28.6
123.5
18.0
2.3
1111.3
178.1
128.3
102.6
45.0
34.3
423.6
28.8
117.4
19.2
2.2
1079.4
189.4
128.8
109.1
47.6
36.1
456.3
27.3
123.1
21.3
2.2
1141.2
186.5
123.9
105.8
47.5
35.7
440.6
28.9
118.2
21.5
2.2
1110.8
172.7
104.0
98.2
44.5
35.2
425.3
27.2
108.4
21.5
2.2
1039.4
203.7
66.1
114.8
40.7
40.8
485.1
26.2
122.2
21.1
2.2
1123.0
209.7
100.0
122.3
37.5
46.0
506.0
24.7
124.7
19.9
2.2
1193.1
210.1
90.0
129.3
38.9
47.3
526.8
22.4
129.0
19.6
1.6
1215.0
Algeria
Angola
Cameroon
Chad
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Libya
Nigeria
Sudan
Tunisia
Other Africa
Total Africa
60.3
36.5
6.3
–
11.6
43.8
3.0
18.2
70.1
113.2
0.4
3.8
3.1
370.3
61.8
36.0
5.3
–
13.6
43.0
4.1
16.8
69.6
106.0
0.6
4.0
3.0
363.9
63.9
36.7
4.8
–
13.7
41.4
5.0
17.0
67.0
100.8
3.1
4.0
2.7
360.0
66.8
36.9
4.5
–
13.1
38.8
4.5
16.4
69.5
105.4
8.6
3.7
2.7
370.9
65.8
36.6
4.1
–
12.1
37.3
8.8
15.0
67.1
110.8
10.7
3.4
2.5
374.1
70.9
44.6
3.6
–
11.9
37.0
10.1
14.7
64.6
102.3
11.9
3.5
3.0
378.1
79.0
42.5
3.4
1.2
11.1
36.8
12.0
12.0
69.8
110.3
13.1
3.2
3.5
397.8
83.6
48.2
4.5
8.8
11.2
35.4
17.1
11.8
76.6
121.9
14.9
3.4
3.6
440.9
Australia
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
28.8
7.9
160.1
37.3
75.7
35.5
4.8
10.1
10.6
370.8
27.4
7.6
160.2
36.5
74.2
35.7
5.0
12.1
10.1
368.9
26.7
8.9
160.2
36.5
68.6
33.9
5.4
14.6
10.2
364.9
35.3
9.4
162.6
36.1
71.5
33.7
7.0
16.2
9.4
381.2
31.8
9.9
164.8
36.0
68.0
32.9
7.5
17.1
9.1
377.1
31.5
10.2
166.9
37.0
63.0
34.5
8.2
17.3
9.0
377.5
26.6
10.5
169.6
36.9
57.7
35.6
9.6
17.7
9.1
373.3
TOTAL WORLD
3479.9
3547.3
3481.1
3614.1
3600.3
3575.3
of which: European Union
OECD
OPEC
Non-OPEC ‡
Former Soviet Union
164.1
1019.4
1484.3
1633.7
361.9
168.5
1011.5
1544.9
1639.9
362.5
174.8
988.9
1482.1
1629.1
370.0
166.3
1011.1
1560.1
1660.6
393.4
155.6
999.5
1520.4
1655.3
424.6
158.2
1005.3
1438.0
1671.1
466.2
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
31.7%
–8.8%
1.6%
3.9%
–7.7%
1.0%
2.2%
6.5%
0.2%
–8.9%
–0.2%
1.5%
1.1%
0.4%
0.2%
1.8%
3.0%
0.1%
12.6%
0.3%
2.0%
0.1%
0.6%
22.0%
211.3
98.1
132.4
37.2
50.9
514.3
20.9
139.0
17.9
1.4
1223.5
212.1
0.4%
105.3
7.3%
129.6 –2.1%
35.5 –4.6%
53.6
5.3%
493.1 –4.1%
19.6 –6.5%
135.9 –2.3%
15.8 –11.6%
1.4
–
1201.9 –1.8%
5.4%
2.7%
3.3%
0.9%
1.4%
12.6%
0.5%
3.5%
0.4%
30.8%
86.4
61.2
4.2
9.1
12.7
33.9
18.5
11.7
82.1
125.4
15.0
3.4
3.5
467.1
86.2
69.7
4.4
8.0
13.5
33.7
17.7
11.7
85.6
120.0
16.3
3.3
3.4
473.4
86.1 –0.1%
84.1 20.7%
4.2 –5.7%
7.5 –6.3%
11.5 –15.3%
34.1
1.4%
18.0
1.6%
11.5 –2.1%
86.0
0.5%
114.2 –4.8%
22.5 38.1%
4.6 40.2%
4.2 24.7%
488.5
3.2%
2.2%
2.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
0.9%
0.5%
0.3%
2.2%
2.9%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
12.5%
24.8
10.3
174.1
37.8
55.2
36.5
9.1
20.8
8.7
377.2
24.5
10.1
180.8
36.0
53.0
33.9
10.8
19.4
9.2
377.7
23.4
10.8
183.7
37.0
49.9
33.8
11.8
17.8
9.5
377.6
23.8
1.8%
9.5 –12.1%
186.7
1.6%
37.3
0.9%
47.4 –4.9%
34.2
1.0%
12.7
7.4%
16.5 –7.6%
10.7 13.1%
378.7
0.3%
0.6%
0.2%
4.8%
1.0%
1.2%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
0.3%
9.7%
3701.1
3866.7
3897.0
3914.3
3905.9
–0.2% 100.0%
148.2
995.6
1523.3
1664.1
513.6
137.7
977.9
1644.3
1663.9
558.5
125.7
931.8
1691.7
1628.2
577.1
114.6
912.0
1701.5
1612.0
600.8
113.5
899.2
1681.3
1600.2
624.5
–0.9%
–1.4%
–1.2%
–0.7%
3.9%
◆
2.9%
23.0%
43.0%
41.0%
16.0%
*Includes crude oil, shale oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and
coal derivatives.
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
9
Production by region
Million barrels daily
90
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
80
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
70
North America
60
50
40
30
20
10
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
World oil production fell by 130,000b/d in 2007. OPEC production cuts led to a decline of 350,000b/d. OECD production dropped again, driven by declines in Mexico and Norway
of more than 200,000b/d each. Former Soviet Union production rose by nearly 500,000b/d as both Russian and Azerbaijani output rose by at least 200,000b/d.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2007 by region
50
World
90
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
40
75
Africa
Asia Pacific
60
30
45
20
30
10
15
83
85
87
89
91
93
95
97
99
01
03
05
07
0
The world’s proved oil reserves edged lower in 2007 and the R/P ratio of 41.6 years was unchanged in the face of declining oil production. The level of reserves fell by 1.6 billion
barrels in 2007 due to declines in Mexico, Syria, Qatar and Norway, which were partly offset by increases in Brazil, Egypt and Russia.
10
0
Consumption*
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
18621
1888
1767
22276
18917
1913
1844
22674
19519
1926
1842
23286
19701
1937
1910
23548
19649
2023
1899
23571
19761
2067
1837
23665
20033
2132
1885
24050
20731
2248
1918
24897
20802
2247
1974
25023
20687
2246
1970
24904
20698
2303
2024
25024
–0.1%
2.7%
2.8%
0.4%
23.9%
2.6%
2.3%
28.7%
451
1968
242
272
142
154
452
1110
4790
467
2034
247
266
145
155
475
1145
4936
445
2114
249
238
131
159
474
1158
4968
431
2056
238
232
129
155
496
1170
4907
405
2082
232
245
132
148
545
1218
5006
364
2063
230
222
131
147
594
1223
4974
372
1985
231
222
137
140
479
1260
4826
394
1999
236
223
141
151
523
1277
4944
421
2048
256
225
168
165
574
1290
5147
440
2064
265
235
175
140
582
1323
5225
492
2192
342
228
181
145
596
1317
5493
12.0%
5.8%
29.9%
–2.4%
4.0%
2.9%
1.9%
–0.2%
5.0%
0.6%
2.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.6%
6.4%
246
110
179
629
92
170
229
213
1948
2913
379
150
18
136
1969
213
66
856
223
391
293
276
2689
72
1290
336
276
646
67
292
1752
145
474
19738
255
116
175
656
100
174
223
221
2016
2915
374
157
18
152
1974
176
76
854
215
424
322
242
2554
80
1381
338
279
640
75
302
1741
146
459
19826
250
111
154
670
93
174
222
224
2044
2824
383
151
18
172
1980
147
63
880
216
431
330
195
2625
73
1423
337
271
638
80
272
1721
143
425
19742
244
123
143
702
84
169
215
224
2007
2763
406
145
19
170
1956
158
49
897
201
427
324
203
2583
73
1452
318
263
677
79
255
1697
138
402
19564
265
81
149
669
87
179
205
222
2023
2804
411
142
18
185
1946
186
56
942
213
415
327
217
2566
68
1508
318
281
645
83
273
1697
135
427
19743
271
74
145
691
98
174
200
226
1967
2714
414
140
19
182
1943
193
53
952
208
420
338
226
2606
76
1526
317
267
656
86
278
1693
130
453
19736
293
86
152
748
115
185
193
239
1965
2664
404
138
18
178
1927
183
51
962
219
435
317
199
2622
71
1559
332
259
668
95
286
1717
148
495
19922
285
92
154
785
105
203
189
224
1978
2634
437
142
20
185
1873
187
55
1003
210
460
322
230
2619
68
1593
319
258
688
95
293
1764
134
512
20111
294
108
143
815
109
211
195
233
1960
2605
434
163
21
196
1819
207
58
1070
212
479
331
223
2601
81
1619
315
262
650
100
294
1802
114
548
20274
294
99
142
839
120
208
197
225
1953
2624
453
169
20
195
1812
227
59
1043
217
516
300
219
2709
73
1602
353
269
655
103
318
1785
117
563
20477
281
93
145
839
120
210
197
226
1919
2393
443
168
21
198
1745
219
61
1044
221
532
302
229
2699
80
1615
364
243
666
107
325
1696
119
581
20100
–4.8%
–7.1%
1.9%
0.4%
0.8%
0.4%
0.6%
–1.7%
–9.0%
–2.2%
–1.4%
5.5%
1.0%
–3.9%
–3.2%
3.5%
–0.9%
1.2%
4.0%
0.2%
4.7%
–0.9%
10.3%
0.8%
1.1%
–9.9%
1.5%
3.6%
2.2%
–5.0%
2.1%
3.3%
–2.0%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
2.8%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.2%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.2%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.0%
0.1%
0.7%
24.0%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1239
139
38
1391
345
1272
4423
1194
180
39
1492
283
1303
4492
1221
202
38
1504
271
1337
4573
1301
202
39
1536
255
1383
4716
1314
206
45
1551
292
1422
4829
1413
222
59
1572
320
1425
5011
1498
238
53
1684
333
1423
5229
1558
266
55
1805
355
1467
5507
1578
302
65
1891
376
1519
5731
1625
275
79
2005
419
1546
5949
1621
276
95
2154
450
1608
6203
0.4%
0.3%
21.7%
7.2%
7.7%
4.0%
4.4%
1.9%
0.4%
0.1%
2.5%
0.6%
1.9%
7.4%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
187
531
444
1146
2307
194
559
450
1185
2388
187
573
461
1226
2448
192
564
475
1226
2458
200
548
486
1239
2473
222
534
499
1254
2510
231
550
512
1274
2567
240
567
523
1313
2644
251
629
526
1368
2773
260
610
537
1418
2824
270
651
549
1485
2955
3.9%
6.8%
2.1%
4.7%
4.6%
0.3%
0.8%
0.7%
1.8%
3.5%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
822
69
4179
192
1828
963
5762
431
131
339
389
630
2373
773
785
399
20063
825
76
4228
184
1963
914
5525
407
131
350
392
651
2030
786
736
424
19623
843
68
4477
193
2134
980
5618
439
134
363
375
619
2178
964
734
438
20557
837
66
4772
201
2254
1064
5577
441
134
373
348
654
2229
1003
725
470
21147
845
80
4872
243
2284
1086
5435
448
136
366
347
716
2235
991
701
496
21281
846
80
5288
268
2374
1137
5359
489
141
357
332
699
2282
999
766
518
21934
851
83
5803
269
2420
1142
5455
480
148
321
330
668
2300
1069
836
527
22702
856
83
6772
314
2573
1225
5281
493
150
325
336
748
2283
1084
925
559
24008
886
96
6984
285
2569
1232
5358
477
155
312
314
794
2308
1090
929
580
24368
918
99
7530
303
2580
1139
5224
496
154
352
283
853
2318
1097
918
587
24851
935
102
7855
341
2748
1157
5051
514
151
362
298
917
2371
1123
911
608
25444
1.9%
3.5%
4.1%
14.1%
6.7%
1.9%
–3.5%
3.4%
–2.5%
2.8%
5.3%
7.7%
1.9%
1.5%
–1.8%
3.2%
2.3%
1.1%
0.1%
9.3%
0.4%
3.3%
1.4%
5.8%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.2%
2.7%
1.3%
1.1%
0.7%
30.0%
TOTAL WORLD
73598
73939
75573
76340
76904
77829
79296
82111
83317
84230
85220
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
14576
46498
3890
23209
14845
46592
3741
23606
14810
47492
3700
24381
14689
47672
3623
25046
14858
47705
3627
25572
14795
47687
3667
26476
14865
48294
3748
27254
15030
49104
3762
29246
15201
49497
3771
30049
15233
49319
3923
30989
14861
48934
3923
32363
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
◆
◆
1.1% 100.0%
–2.6%
–0.9%
–0.4%
4.4%
17.8%
56.9%
4.7%
38.5%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures.
Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 8 are accounted for by stock changes; consumption of non-petroleum additives and
substitute fuels; and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
11
Consumption*
Million tonnes
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
848.0
85.2
79.1
1012.3
863.8
86.7
82.8
1033.3
888.9
87.2
82.4
1058.4
897.6
88.1
85.7
1071.4
896.1
90.5
85.0
1071.6
897.4
92.2
81.5
1071.1
912.3
95.9
83.7
1091.8
948.7
100.6
85.2
1134.6
951.4
100.3
87.7
1139.4
943.8
99.6
86.8
1130.2
943.1
102.3
89.2
1134.7
–0.1%
2.7%
2.8%
0.4%
23.9%
2.6%
2.3%
28.7%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
21.2
86.8
11.2
12.3
6.5
7.3
20.4
54.3
220.0
22.1
90.0
11.4
12.0
6.6
7.4
21.6
56.0
227.1
21.0
92.5
11.5
10.6
6.0
7.5
21.3
56.4
226.9
20.3
91.6
10.9
10.5
5.8
7.4
22.5
56.9
225.9
19.1
92.9
10.6
11.1
5.9
7.0
24.8
59.4
230.8
17.1
91.6
10.6
10.0
5.9
6.9
27.0
59.5
228.6
17.6
87.8
10.6
10.0
6.2
6.5
22.0
61.2
221.9
18.7
88.4
10.9
10.1
6.3
7.1
24.2
62.1
227.9
20.1
90.1
11.9
10.1
7.5
7.8
25.8
62.6
236.0
21.0
91.2
12.3
10.6
7.8
6.4
26.3
64.2
239.9
23.5
96.5
16.0
10.3
8.1
6.6
26.8
64.1
252.0
12.0%
5.8%
29.9%
–2.4%
4.0%
2.9%
1.9%
–0.2%
5.0%
0.6%
2.4%
0.4%
0.3%
0.2%
0.2%
0.7%
1.6%
6.4%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
11.9
5.6
8.8
30.3
4.4
8.0
11.1
10.2
91.7
136.5
18.4
7.1
0.9
6.6
94.6
10.3
3.3
39.5
10.3
18.2
13.9
13.7
129.1
3.4
62.0
16.1
12.8
30.0
3.1
13.8
81.3
7.1
22.8
936.4
12.3
5.9
8.6
31.6
4.8
8.3
10.7
10.5
95.0
136.6
18.2
7.4
0.9
7.4
94.7
8.5
3.8
39.4
10.0
19.9
15.5
12.0
123.7
3.8
66.4
16.2
13.0
29.6
3.4
14.3
80.7
7.1
22.1
942.0
12.1
5.7
7.6
32.4
4.5
8.2
10.6
10.7
96.4
132.4
18.7
7.1
0.9
8.3
94.4
7.0
3.1
40.6
10.1
19.9
15.9
9.5
126.2
3.4
68.4
16.1
12.6
29.5
3.6
12.7
79.4
6.9
20.6
935.3
11.8
6.3
7.0
33.9
3.9
7.9
10.4
10.7
94.9
129.8
19.9
6.8
0.9
8.2
93.5
7.4
2.4
41.7
9.4
20.0
15.5
10.0
123.5
3.4
70.0
15.2
12.2
31.1
3.6
12.0
78.6
6.7
19.4
927.9
12.8
4.0
7.3
32.2
4.0
8.4
9.8
10.5
95.5
131.6
20.1
6.7
0.9
9.0
92.8
8.9
2.7
43.7
9.7
19.2
15.8
10.6
122.3
3.2
72.7
15.2
13.1
29.9
3.7
12.7
78.4
6.5
20.6
934.3
13.0
3.7
7.1
33.5
4.5
8.1
9.6
10.9
92.9
127.4
20.2
6.4
0.9
8.8
92.9
9.3
2.5
43.8
9.4
19.4
16.2
10.6
123.5
3.5
73.8
15.2
12.4
30.6
3.8
13.1
78.0
6.3
21.9
933.4
14.1
4.3
7.4
36.4
5.2
8.7
9.2
11.4
93.1
125.1
19.6
6.3
0.9
8.5
92.1
8.8
2.4
44.1
9.9
19.9
15.2
9.4
123.4
3.3
75.5
15.9
12.1
31.2
4.2
13.5
79.0
7.2
23.8
941.2
13.8
4.6
7.5
38.4
4.7
9.5
9.1
10.6
94.0
124.0
21.4
6.5
1.0
8.9
89.6
9.0
2.6
46.2
9.6
21.1
15.4
10.9
123.3
3.2
77.6
15.3
12.0
32.0
4.2
13.9
81.7
6.5
24.5
952.5
14.2
5.3
6.9
39.9
4.9
9.9
9.2
11.0
93.1
122.4
21.2
7.5
1.0
9.4
86.7
10.0
2.8
49.6
9.7
21.9
16.0
10.5
121.9
3.8
78.8
15.1
12.2
30.0
4.4
13.9
83.0
5.5
26.2
957.8
14.2
4.9
6.8
41.1
5.4
9.8
9.3
10.6
92.9
123.6
22.1
7.8
1.0
9.3
86.7
11.0
2.8
49.0
10.0
23.3
14.4
10.3
127.1
3.4
78.1
16.6
12.6
30.7
4.5
15.0
82.3
5.6
26.9
969.0
13.5
4.5
7.0
41.2
5.4
9.9
9.3
10.6
91.3
112.5
21.6
7.6
1.0
9.4
83.3
10.6
2.9
48.5
10.1
24.3
14.4
10.8
125.9
3.8
78.7
16.8
11.3
31.1
4.7
15.3
78.2
5.8
27.7
949.4
–4.8%
–7.1%
1.9%
0.4%
0.8%
0.4%
0.6%
–1.7%
–9.0%
–2.2%
–1.4%
5.5%
1.0%
–3.9%
–3.2%
3.5%
–0.9%
1.2%
4.0%
0.2%
4.7%
–0.9%
10.3%
0.8%
1.1%
–9.9%
1.5%
3.6%
2.2%
–5.0%
2.1%
3.3%
–2.0%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
1.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.3%
2.3%
2.8%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
2.1%
0.3%
0.1%
1.2%
0.3%
0.6%
0.4%
0.3%
3.2%
0.1%
2.0%
0.4%
0.3%
0.8%
0.1%
0.4%
2.0%
0.1%
0.7%
24.0%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
59.8
6.9
1.6
64.0
17.8
61.7
211.7
57.5
9.1
1.6
68.7
14.4
63.2
214.5
58.8
10.3
1.6
69.8
13.7
64.8
218.9
62.5
10.4
1.6
71.6
12.8
67.1
225.9
62.6
10.5
1.8
71.9
14.6
68.8
230.2
67.1
11.4
2.5
72.7
15.9
68.9
238.4
71.0
12.2
2.2
77.7
16.3
68.9
248.2
73.7
13.7
2.3
83.7
17.4
70.6
261.4
74.8
15.6
2.8
87.2
18.3
72.8
271.5
76.7
14.0
3.4
92.6
20.5
74.0
281.2
77.0
14.0
4.1
99.3
22.0
77.0
293.5
0.4%
0.3%
21.7%
7.2%
7.7%
4.0%
4.4%
1.9%
0.4%
0.1%
2.5%
0.6%
1.9%
7.4%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
8.0
26.0
21.0
54.0
108.9
8.2
27.3
21.3
55.9
112.7
8.1
27.8
21.8
57.9
115.6
8.5
27.2
22.5
57.9
116.2
8.8
26.1
23.0
58.3
116.2
9.7
25.2
23.6
58.9
117.5
10.1
25.9
24.2
59.8
120.1
10.6
26.8
24.8
61.8
124.1
11.0
29.8
24.8
64.3
129.9
11.5
28.7
25.3
66.7
132.1
12.0
30.6
25.8
69.8
138.2
3.9%
6.8%
2.1%
4.7%
4.6%
0.3%
0.8%
0.7%
1.8%
3.5%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
37.0
3.3
196.0
9.2
86.5
45.9
265.0
20.2
6.1
17.0
18.8
32.4
111.4
38.3
37.8
18.9
943.9
37.0
3.7
197.0
8.8
92.5
43.5
253.6
19.0
6.1
17.6
19.1
33.3
93.9
39.1
35.4
20.1
919.8
38.0
3.3
209.6
9.3
100.3
46.8
257.3
20.3
6.3
18.2
18.0
31.6
100.7
47.2
35.4
20.7
962.9
37.7
3.2
223.6
9.7
106.1
50.7
255.5
20.4
6.2
18.8
16.6
33.5
103.2
49.1
34.8
22.4
991.5
38.1
3.9
227.9
11.7
107.0
51.6
247.5
20.6
6.3
18.3
16.5
36.4
103.1
47.4
33.1
23.5
993.1
38.0
3.9
247.4
12.9
111.3
54.1
243.6
22.5
6.5
17.9
15.6
35.5
104.7
47.6
36.4
24.5
1022.2
38.3
4.0
271.7
13.0
113.1
54.0
248.9
22.2
6.9
15.8
15.5
33.9
105.6
50.9
40.0
24.8
1058.5
38.8
4.0
318.9
15.3
120.2
58.1
241.1
22.8
7.0
16.0
15.8
38.1
104.9
51.3
44.6
26.3
1123.3
39.8
4.6
327.8
13.8
119.6
58.2
244.1
22.0
7.2
15.3
14.7
40.9
105.4
51.3
44.5
27.2
1136.4
41.4
4.8
353.3
14.8
120.4
53.4
237.1
22.8
7.2
17.4
13.2
44.0
105.6
51.7
43.8
27.5
1158.5
42.2
5.0
368.0
16.9
128.5
54.4
228.9
23.6
7.0
17.9
13.9
47.4
107.6
52.5
43.0
28.4
1185.1
1.9%
3.5%
4.1%
14.1%
6.7%
1.9%
–3.5%
3.4%
–2.5%
2.8%
5.3%
7.7%
1.9%
1.5%
–1.8%
3.2%
2.3%
1.1%
0.1%
9.3%
0.4%
3.3%
1.4%
5.8%
0.6%
0.2%
0.5%
0.4%
1.2%
2.7%
1.3%
1.1%
0.7%
30.0%
TOTAL WORLD
3433.3
3449.3
3518.1
3558.7
3576.2
3611.3
3681.8
3823.7
3871.0
3910.9
3952.8
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
690.1
2146.3
187.2
1099.8
703.3
2151.9
181.1
1116.3
700.2
2188.7
177.8
1151.6
696.5
2199.8
173.2
1185.7
703.1
2197.6
172.6
1205.9
699.7
2190.9
174.1
1246.3
703.1
2223.2
176.9
1281.7
713.1
2267.3
177.7
1378.7
719.9
2281.4
177.4
1412.2
722.4
2270.2
184.5
1456.2
703.9
2249.0
183.8
1520.0
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
◆
◆
1.1% 100.0%
–2.6%
–0.9%
–0.4%
4.4%
17.8%
56.9%
4.7%
38.5%
*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is also included.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics on page 9 are accounted for by stock changes; consumption of non-petroleum additives
and substitute fuels; and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data.
12
Consumption by region
Million barrels daily
90
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
80
Europe & Eurasia
S. & Cent. America
70
North America
60
50
40
30
20
10
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
World oil consumption rose by about 1mmb/d in 2007, just below the 10-year average. OECD consumption declined nearly 400,000b/d. China accounted for the largest
increment to consumption even though the growth rate was below average. Consumption in oil exporting regions was robust.
Consumption per capita 2007
Tonnes
0-0.75
0.75-1.5
1.5-2.25
2.25-3.0
> 3.0
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
13
Regional consumption by product group
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
9560
6398
1351
4967
22276
9849
6450
1506
4869
22674
9998
6628
1415
5245
23286
10106
6811
1518
5112
23548
10211
6812
1411
5137
23571
10523
6655
1209
5278
23665
10675
6861
1271
5243
24050
10979
7133
1339
5446
24897
11020
7249
1396
5359
25023
11131
7297
1055
5420
24904
11207
7339
1095
5383
25024
0.7% 44.8%
0.6% 29.3%
3.7%
4.4%
–0.7% 21.5%
0.5% 100.0%
8324
5502
777
4017
18621
8579
5545
869
3924
18917
8716
5700
814
4290
19519
8813
5852
893
4143
19701
8890
5884
794
4082
19649
9167
5735
686
4172
19761
9275
5886
763
4109
20033
9518
6116
858
4239
20731
9548
6198
914
4143
20802
9599
6226
683
4178
20687
9601
6222
727
4147
20698
–0.1%
6.4%
–0.7%
1537
1563
839
851
4790
1552
1638
865
881
4936
1667
1621
759
921
4968
1540
1617
801
949
4907
1517
1655
826
1008
5006
1506
1650
789
1028
4974
1496
1650
755
925
4826
1452
1775
745
973
4944
1549
1822
779
997
5147
1591
1861
767
1006
5225
1657
2001
800
1036
5493
4.1% 30.2%
7.5% 36.4%
4.3% 14.6%
3.0% 18.9%
5.1% 100.0%
4282
6428
2206
2932
15848
4315
6630
2195
2946
16086
4314
6690
2093
2945
16042
4194
6734
1967
3047
15942
4086
6991
1987
3052
16117
4025
6935
1996
3113
16069
3928
7138
1954
3154
16174
3888
7356
1888
3217
16349
3770
7591
1854
3289
16503
3627
7850
1785
3293
16555
3506
7758
1668
3246
16177
–3.3% 21.7%
–1.2% 48.0%
–6.6% 10.3%
–1.4% 20.1%
–2.3% 100.0%
922
1095
1033
840
3890
893
1026
1046
775
3741
858
1022
937
882
3700
797
1008
765
1053
3623
851
1021
693
1062
3627
882
1048
670
1066
3667
937
1085
646
1080
3748
918
1108
578
1157
3762
935
1151
555
1130
3771
990
1205
607
1120
3923
1043
5.3% 26.6%
1239
2.8% 31.6%
517 –14.8% 13.2%
1125
0.4% 28.7%
◆
100.0%
3923
829
1472
1245
878
4423
849
1471
1240
932
4492
859
1501
1294
918
4573
910
1567
1295
944
4716
949
1618
1311
951
4829
1011
1666
1320
1013
5011
1059
1723
1335
1112
5229
1177
1766
1394
1170
5507
1241
1850
1487
1153
5731
1322
1956
1488
1182
5949
1319
2042
1597
1245
6203
–0.2% 21.3%
4.4% 32.9%
7.3% 25.7%
5.3% 20.1%
4.3% 100.0%
559
922
462
364
2307
568
958
485
376
2388
574
999
486
389
2448
577
1029
457
395
2458
587
1046
434
407
2473
591
1075
416
428
2510
600
1107
422
438
2567
612
1133
444
455
2644
630
1185
482
477
2773
651
1230
462
480
2824
683
1297
478
497
2955
4.8% 23.1%
5.4% 43.9%
3.4% 16.2%
3.5% 16.8%
4.6% 100.0%
5113
7521
3903
3526
20063
5201
7231
3680
3511
19623
5487
7674
3737
3659
20557
5636
7810
3699
4002
21147
5771
7963
3499
4048
21281
6022
8102
3421
4389
21934
6283
8238
3568
4614
22702
6642
8769
3578
5019
24008
6781
9017
3574
4995
24368
6917
9090
3655
5188
24851
7193
9173
3595
5483
25444
4.0% 28.3%
0.9% 36.1%
–1.7% 14.1%
5.7% 21.5%
2.4% 100.0%
1253
1245
736
944
4179
1280
1241
741
967
4228
1249
1467
771
990
4477
1270
1590
775
1136
4772
1256
1669
780
1167
4872
1352
1791
792
1352
5288
1489
1945
880
1489
5803
1673
2285
956
1858
6772
1776
2528
904
1777
6984
1926
2723
938
1942
7530
2051
2908
854
2041
7855
6.5% 26.1%
6.8% 37.0%
–9.0% 10.9%
5.1% 26.0%
4.3% 100.0%
1646
1991
977
1148
5762
1611
1949
879
1086
5525
1702
1978
861
1078
5618
1735
1958
804
1079
5577
1720
1957
690
1067
5435
1759
1930
649
1021
5359
1788
1904
770
993
5455
1793
1856
672
960
5281
1822
1876
698
963
5358
1813
1758
675
979
5224
1790
1620
667
974
5051
–1.3% 35.4%
–7.8% 32.1%
–1.2% 13.2%
–0.4% 19.3%
–3.3% 100.0%
22803
25399
11038
14357
23227
25404
11017
14290
23757
26137
10721
14958
23761
26576
10501
15502
23971
27107
10162
15664
24560
27133
9821
16316
24977
27802
9952
16566
25669
29039
9967
17437
25926
29866
10127
17399
26230
30490
9821
17689
26608
30848
9749
18014
73598
73939
75573
76340
76904
77829
79296
82111
83317
84230
85220
3981
5928
2011
2657
4006
6103
2060
2676
4025
6170
1936
2679
3923
6234
1785
2746
3827
6463
1797
2771
3763
6405
1793
2834
3671
6592
1745
2857
3619
6795
1704
2912
3520
6996
1704
2982
3376
7225
1647
2985
3271
7108
1554
2929
Total European Union
14576
14845
14810
14689
14858
14795
14865
15030
15201
15233
14861
–2.4% 100.0%
OECD
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
16415
15738
4904
9442
16728
15751
4831
9282
17028
16110
4671
9683
17069
16279
4642
9682
17064
16530
4416
9694
17390
16296
4175
9826
17502
16682
4309
9801
17759
17104
4218
10024
17759
17478
4253
10008
17753
17664
3810
10093
17754
17482
3702
9995
–1.0%
–2.8%
–1.0%
Total OECD
46498
46592
47492
47672
47705
47687
48294
49104
49497
49319
48934
–0.8% 100.0%
5466
8566
5101
4076
5606
8627
5141
4232
5871
9005
5113
4393
5894
9289
5095
4767
6057
9556
5053
4908
6287
9789
4976
5424
6538
10034
4997
5685
6992
10827
5171
6256
7232
11236
5319
6262
7487
11621
5404
6476
7811
12127
5530
6895
4.3%
4.4%
2.3%
6.5%
23209
23606
24381
25046
25572
26476
27254
29246
30049
30989
32363
4.4% 100.0%
North America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total North America
of which: US
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total US
S. & Cent. America
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total S. & Cent. America
Europe
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Europe
Former Soviet Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Middle East
Africa
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Africa
Asia Pacific
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Asia Pacific
of which: China
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total China
of which: Japan
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Japan
World
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
TOTAL WORLD
European Union
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Other EMEs‡
Light distillates
Middle distillates
Fuel oil
Others
Total Other EMEs
‡Excludes Former Soviet Union.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock.
‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers).
‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel.
‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, LPG, solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.
14
◆
◆
1.4%
1.2%
–0.7%
1.8%
46.4%
30.1%
3.5%
20.0%
100.0%
31.2%
36.2%
11.4%
21.1%
1.2% 100.0%
–3.1%
–1.6%
–5.7%
–1.9%
◆
22.0%
47.8%
10.5%
19.7%
36.3%
35.7%
7.6%
20.4%
24.1%
37.5%
17.1%
21.3%
Product consumption by region
Million barrels daily
Light distillates
Middle distillates
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
Asia Pacific
Africa
Middle East
Former Soviet Union
Europe
S. & Cent. America
North America
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Fuel oil
97
98
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Others
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
35
35
30
30
25
25
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Consumption growth was above average for the oil-exporting regions: the Middle East, South and Central America and Africa. Consumption growth was below average
for all fuel groups in the EU and, with the exception of fuel oil, the US.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
15
Spot crude prices
US dollars per barrel
Dubai
$/bbl*
Brent
$/bbl†
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
1.90
2.83
10.41
10.70
11.63
12.38
13.03
29.75
35.69
34.32
31.80
28.78
28.06
27.53
13.10
16.95
13.27
15.62
20.45
16.63
17.17
14.93
14.74
16.10
18.52
18.23
12.21
17.25
26.20
22.81
23.74
26.78
33.64
49.35
61.50
68.19
–
–
–
–
12.80
13.92
14.02
31.61
36.83
35.93
32.97
29.55
28.78
27.56
14.43
18.44
14.92
18.23
23.73
20.00
19.32
16.97
15.82
17.02
20.67
19.09
12.72
17.97
28.50
24.44
25.02
28.83
38.27
54.52
65.14
72.39
Nigerian
Forcados
$/bbl
West Texas
Intermediate
$/bbl‡
–
–
–
–
12.87
14.21
13.65
29.25
36.98
36.18
33.29
29.54
28.14
27.75
14.46
18.39
15.00
18.30
23.85
20.11
19.61
17.41
16.25
17.26
21.16
19.33
12.62
18.00
28.42
24.23
25.04
28.66
38.13
55.69
67.07
74.48
–
–
–
–
12.23
14.22
14.55
25.08
37.96
36.08
33.65
30.30
29.39
27.98
15.10
19.18
15.97
19.68
24.50
21.54
20.57
18.45
17.21
18.42
22.16
20.61
14.39
19.31
30.37
25.93
26.16
31.07
41.49
56.59
66.02
72.20
*1972-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2007 Dubai dated.
†1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2007 Brent dated.
‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2007 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.
Source: Platts.
Crude oil prices 1861-2007
US dollars per barrel
World events
Sumatra
production
began
Russian
Pennsylvanian
oil exports
oil boom
began
Loss of
Iranian
supplies
Growth of
Venezuelan
production
Discovery of
Spindletop,
Texas
Fears of
shortage
in US
East Texas
field
discovered
Post-war
reconstruction
Netback
pricing
introduced
Suez
crisis
Iranian
revolution
Asian
financial
crisis
Iraq
invaded
Kuwait
Yom Kippur
war
Invasion
of Iraq
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
1861-69
1870-79
1880-89
$ 2007
$ money of the day
16
1890-99
1900-09
1910-19
1920-29
1930-39
1940-49
1950-59
1960-69
1970-79
1980-89
1990-99
2000-07
0
1861-1944 US average.
1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura.
1984-2007 Brent dated.
Rotterdam product prices
US Gulf Coast product prices
US dollars per barrel
US dollars per barrel
110
110
Gasoline
Gasoline
Gas oil
Gas oil
100
Heavy fuel oil
90 91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
1990 to first quarter 1992: leaded gasoline.
From second quarter 1992: unleaded gasoline.
04
05
06
07
100
Heavy fuel oil
90
90
80
80
70
70
60
60
50
50
40
40
30
30
20
20
10
10
0
90 91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
Source: Platts.
04
05
06
07
0
Source: Platts.
OECD total commercial oil stocks
Million barrels
2800
2700
2600
2500
2400
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
Jan 2007-Dec 2007
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
2300
Source: Monthly Oil Data Service © OECD/IEA, 2008.
Jan 2006-Dec 2006
2002-2006 range
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
17
Refinery capacities
Thousand barrels daily*
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
15711
1811
1449
18971
16261
1844
1449
19554
16512
1861
1449
19822
16595
1861
1481
19937
16785
1917
1481
20183
16757
1923
1463
20143
16894
1959
1463
20316
17125
1915
1463
20503
17339
1896
1463
20698
17443
1914
1463
20821
17588
1919
1463
20970
0.8%
0.3%
–
0.7%
20.0%
2.2%
1.7%
23.9%
650
1750
545
1212
2005
6162
648
1768
545
1215
1938
6114
643
1796
545
1248
1975
6207
624
1849
545
1291
1998
6307
612
1849
545
1291
1987
6284
609
1854
545
1291
2027
6326
609
1915
545
1291
2016
6376
610
1915
545
1306
2022
6398
612
1916
545
1311
2040
6424
614
1916
580
1311
2047
6468
624
1928
595
1311
2055
6513
1.6%
0.6%
2.6%
–
0.4%
0.7%
0.7%
2.2%
0.7%
1.5%
2.3%
7.4%
698
1872
2170
403
2243
1266
308
5933
1265
422
713
1823
6352
25468
732
1918
2206
403
2271
1266
310
5577
1247
422
713
1848
6327
25240
736
1933
2240
403
2294
1282
323
5443
1247
422
713
1777
6073
24886
770
1984
2262
403
2294
1282
318
5395
1247
422
713
1778
5969
24837
785
1961
2274
412
2294
1283
307
5363
1247
422
713
1769
5978
24808
803
1987
2286
412
2294
1287
310
5451
1333
422
713
1785
5892
24975
805
1967
2304
412
2294
1287
310
5470
1333
422
713
1813
5889
25019
782
1982
2320
412
2318
1289
310
5475
1358
422
693
1848
5925
25134
778
1978
2322
418
2348
1279
310
5515
1377
422
613
1819
5863
25043
774
1959
2390
425
2359
1279
310
5557
1377
422
613
1836
5720
25021
749
1959
2390
425
2329
1274
310
5583
1377
422
613
1836
5756
25024
–3.2%
–
–
–
–1.3%
–0.4%
–
0.5%
–
–
–
–
0.6%
0.9%
2.2%
2.7%
0.5%
2.6%
1.4%
0.4%
6.4%
1.6%
0.5%
0.7%
2.1%
6.5%
28.5%
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
1350
634
880
1704
298
1140
6006
1500
634
895
1762
235
1145
6171
1602
634
895
1823
290
1158
6402
1602
639
690
1806
440
1158
6335
1602
644
745
1806
674
1160
6631
1602
644
770
1810
711
1238
6775
1612
644
905
1890
645
1238
6934
1647
644
905
2075
620
1238
7129
1647
649
905
2100
620
1238
7159
1732
666
905
2100
620
1248
7271
1857
674
905
2100
620
1369
7525
7.2%
1.2%
–
–
–
9.7%
3.5%
2.1%
0.8%
1.0%
2.4%
0.7%
1.6%
8.6%
Total Africa
2906
2839
2943
2872
3133
3215
3164
3103
3221
3274
3280
0.2%
3.7%
793
4559
1236
1016
5056
1246
2598
732
824
1211
19271
810
4592
1356
1096
5144
1246
2598
732
890
1258
19722
828
5401
2190
1119
5087
1246
2598
732
914
1344
21459
828
5407
2219
1127
5010
1255
2598
732
1062
1403
21641
815
5643
2261
1127
4705
1255
2598
874
1062
1512
21852
829
5479
2303
1092
4721
1255
2598
1159
1062
1487
21984
756
5487
2293
1057
4683
1255
2598
1159
1062
1416
21766
763
6289
2558
1057
4567
1255
2598
1159
1062
1410
22718
711
6587
2558
1057
4529
1255
2598
1159
1062
1438
22954
694
7029
2872
1130
4542
1255
2633
1140
1082
1447
23824
694
7511
2983
1163
4598
1255
2668
1197
1082
1451
24601
–
6.9%
3.9%
2.9%
1.2%
–
1.3%
5.0%
–
0.3%
3.3%
0.8%
8.5%
3.4%
1.3%
5.2%
1.4%
3.0%
1.4%
1.2%
1.7%
28.0%
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Netherlands Antilles & Aruba
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Belgium
France
Germany
Greece
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Russian Federation
Spain
Sweden
Turkey
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
78783
79640
81719
81929
82891
83417
83574
84985
85499
86678
87913
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
15109
42683
8980
27121
15228
43574
8671
27395
15033
43850
8379
29490
15102
44006
8301
29622
15184
43950
8236
30705
15421
44222
8163
31032
15442
44309
8182
31083
15528
44466
8247
32272
15587
44525
8197
32777
15633
44749
8129
33800
15590
44946
8175
34793
*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Other Asia Pacific
14662
1694
1436
4920
19371
5488
2339
872
3084
4319
8187
14889
1709
1446
5120
19587
5639
2386
866
3060
4212
8012
14804
1714
1378
5191
19039
5632
2343
880
3686
4149
8306
15067
1765
1363
5337
19299
5430
2200
851
4218
4145
8918
15128
1812
1398
5332
19459
5606
2440
847
4215
4107
9051
14947
1862
1390
4941
19485
5482
2377
855
4395
3986
8827
15304
1880
1436
5040
19988
5566
2301
823
4823
4118
9298
15475
1957
1436
5430
20441
5805
2304
820
5382
4038
9944
15220
1882
1415
5402
20815
5934
2468
757
5916
4136
10060
15242
1843
1407
5354
20877
6321
2374
749
6155
4026
10396
TOTAL WORLD
66372
66926
67122
68594
69394
68547
70576
73032
74005
74743
75545
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
13571
39393
4761
22218
14087
39881
4519
22527
13562
39388
4471
23263
13762
39750
4583
24262
13698
39763
4797
24834
13474
39080
5060
24408
13730
39887
5276
25414
14088
40455
5400
27178
14161
40262
5696
28047
13996
40083
5865
28795
13748
39783
6039
29723
*Input to primary distillation units only.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
18
1.4% 100.0%
–0.3%
0.4%
0.6%
2.9%
17.7%
51.1%
9.3%
39.6%
Source: Includes data from Parpinelli Tecnon.
Refinery throughputs
Thousand barrels daily*
◆
15148
1869
1395
5448
20829
6301
2470
767
6563
3994
10761
–0.6%
1.4%
–0.8%
1.8%
–0.2%
–0.3%
4.0%
2.4%
6.6%
–0.8%
3.5%
2007
share
of total
20.1%
2.5%
1.8%
7.2%
27.6%
8.3%
3.3%
1.0%
8.7%
5.3%
14.2%
1.1% 100.0%
–1.8%
–0.7%
3.0%
3.2%
18.2%
52.7%
8.0%
39.3%
Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).
Refinery utilization
Percentage
100
90
80
70
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
North America
Middle East
S. & Cent. America
Africa
Europe
Asia Pacific
Former Soviet Union
World
04
05
06
60
07
50
Global refining capacity additions exceeded demand growth in 2007 for the second year in a row. As a result, global average refinery utilization fell to 85.9% versus a
revised 86.2% in 2006. Even so, crude runs grew rapidly in Asia Pacific in support of strong domestic demand. Throughputs also rose in S. & Cent. America, Africa and
the Former Soviet Union regions.
Regional refining margins
US dollars per barrel
30
USGC West Texas Sour Coking
NWE Brent Cracking
Singapore Dubai Hydrocracking
25
20
15
10
5
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam)
and Singapore. In each case, they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration
(cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
19
Trade movements
Thousand barrels daily
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Imports
US
Europe
Japan
Rest of World*
9907
10421
5735
14827
10382
11017
5259
14438
10550
10670
5346
15050
11092
11070
5329
15880
11618
11531
5202
16436
11357
11895
5070
16291
12254
11993
5314
17191
12898
12538
5203
18651
13525
13261
5225
19172
13612
13461
5201
20287
13632
13953
5032
22207
TOTAL WORLD
40890
41096
41616
43371
44787
44613
46752
49290
51182
52561
54824
Exports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
Asia Pacific†
Rest of World*
976
1492
1767
3219
1463
3413
18184
2743
3102
3841
690
1011
1603
1770
3240
1344
3569
18702
2712
3094
3496
556
956
1520
1739
3145
1851
4019
18341
2726
2985
3543
791
890
1703
1814
3079
1967
4273
18944
2732
3293
3736
940
910
1804
1882
3143
1947
4679
19098
2724
3182
3914
1506
904
1959
1966
2965
2234
5370
18062
2620
3134
3848
1551
921
2096
2115
2942
2066
6003
18943
2715
3612
3978
1361
991
2148
2070
3233
1993
6440
19630
2917
4048
4189
1631
1129
2201
2065
3528
2149
7076
19821
3070
4358
4243
1542
1317
2330
2102
3681
2173
7155
20204
3225
4704
4312
1359
1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
5274
1656
TOTAL WORLD
40890
41097
41616
43371
44789
44613
46752
49290
51182
52561
54824
0.1%
3.6%
–3.2%
9.5%
2007
share
of total
24.9%
25.4%
9.2%
40.5%
4.3% 100.0%
9.3%
5.5%
–6.0%
–3.0%
4.6%
16.5%
–2.6%
3.4%
2.7%
22.3%
21.8%
2.6%
4.5%
3.6%
6.5%
4.1%
15.2%
35.9%
6.1%
8.8%
9.6%
3.0%
4.3% 100.0%
*Includes unidentified trade.
†Excludes Japan.
Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.
Inter-area movements 2007
To
US
Canada
Mexico
S. &
Cent.
America
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
–
119.7
76.1
127.4
50.0
22.6
110.4
39.1
96.1
–
0.2
0.6
2.6
0.7
11.4
14.9
10.9
–
1.3
5.3
20.2
2.1
7.0
9.1
4.0
–
–
†
0.4
†
0.2
6.2
11.1
0.1
–
2.9
5.1
–
0.8
0.2
0.1
–
–
0.1
0.7
0.2
0.5
–
21.6
†
9.6
–
7.5
1.7
4.5
5.6
21.1
†
†
2.4
†
0.3
4.8
†
15.8
0.5
8.8
23.0
–
332.1
146.6
95.2
38.8
0.1
†
0.9
0.9
1.2
4.1
20.8
1.4
–
–
2.0
14.4
0.2
38.1
4.3
3.8
–
–
0.2
†
1.0
0.6
–
0.4
–
–
†
0.2
†
7.7
–
0.1
–
–
0.2
1.5
9.2
20.3
1.2
0.3
0.5
–
13.7
0.5
26.3
78.8
4.6
35.8
12.7
1.4
–
3.1
3.3
22.1
†
4.2
0.4
–
0.4
0.7
8.2
199.9
0.3
2.2
5.1
3.3
1.2
–
1.3
21.5
–
0.7
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.4
0.2
42.0
0.1
0.2
0.9
9.2
3.7
1.1
–
54.4
–
1.1
†
1.9
0.3
1.6
10.9
336.6
6.4
37.7
1.4
12.5
9.7
1.2
51.2
–
5.8
1.6
–
0.2
0.1
9.4
6.8
3.0
–
–
–
†
0.2
†
0.5
0.3
†
69.1
121.2
98.1
175.3
109.9
411.1
975.3
164.9
240.2
20.2
26.6
19.2
11.5
68.9
140.1
49.0
TOTAL IMPORTS
671.9
66.7
21.6
79.2
688.8
66.1
40.8
203.1
248.8
113.4
478.3
22.1
2700.6
–
2426
1533
2592
1038
467
2218
795
1933
–
4
13
54
15
235
308
226
–
26
109
408
42
140
182
81
–
–
1
8
†
5
125
231
1
–
60
106
–
16
3
3
–
–
1
14
4
11
–
450
†
194
–
156
35
91
113
425
†
†
50
†
6
99
†
329
10
176
469
–
6726
2957
1923
781
3
†
18
19
25
85
432
30
–
–
41
300
4
772
87
77
–
–
3
1
21
12
–
9
–
–
†
3
†
154
–
2
–
–
3
32
192
408
26
6
9
–
278
9
532
1587
93
719
255
29
–
64
69
458
†
88
7
–
9
14
166
4032
6
45
103
67
26
–
27
441
–
15
3
4
3
8
4
844
3
4
19
191
77
22
–
1132
–
22
†
38
7
34
220
6806
129
758
27
252
202
26
1069
–
117
33
–
4
3
195
137
63
–
–
–
†
5
1
11
5
†
1439
2457
1975
3570
2273
8334
19680
3336
4830
407
543
399
241
1440
2892
1008
13632
1354
451
1620
13953
1350
830
4111
5032
2329
9705
457
54824
Million tonnes
From
Europe
Africa
Australasia
China
Japan Singapore
Other
Asia
Pacific
Rest of
World
Total
Thousand barrels daily
From
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL IMPORTS
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.
20
Major trade movements 2007
Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)
332.1
20.2
50.0
26.3
22.6
119.7
146.6
38.8
199.9
96.1
76.1
95.2
39.1
78.8
110.4
42.0
21.5
22.1
127.4
38.1
23.0
51.2
336.6
54.4
20.3
US
Canada
Mexico
37.7
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
35.8
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Imports and exports 2007
Crude
imports
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
North Africa
West Africa
East & Southern Africa
Australasia
China
Japan
Singapore
Other Asia Pacific
Unidentified*
TOTAL WORLD
Million tonnes
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
Crude
imports
Thousand barrels daily
Product
Crude
imports
exports
Product
exports
501.6
48.8
0.5
42.2
542.2
0.1
5.8
8.9
3.4
25.6
27.3
163.2
205.1
51.2
357.9
–
170.3
17.9
21.1
37.0
146.5
6.3
9.9
8.5
11.2
8.4
13.5
39.9
43.7
62.2
120.5
–
6.1
93.6
91.0
115.2
29.1
316.7
859.5
135.5
234.3
19.2
15.4
3.6
†
0.8
44.1
19.5
63.0
27.7
7.1
60.2
80.8
94.4
115.7
29.4
5.9
1.1
11.2
15.6
11.5
68.1
96.0
29.5
10073
979
10
847
10890
2
117
179
68
514
548
3277
4118
1028
7187
–
3560
375
441
773
3063
132
206
178
234
176
282
834
914
1301
2518
–
123
1879
1828
2313
585
6360
17262
2721
4706
385
310
73
†
16
885
392
1316
579
148
1258
1688
1974
2419
615
123
22
233
326
240
1424
2007
616
1983.6
717.0
1983.6
717.0
39836
14988
39836
14988
*Includes changes in the quantity of oil in transit, movements not otherwise shown, unidentified military use, etc.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
21
Natural gas
Proved reserves
At end 1987
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 1997
Trillion
cubic
metres
At end 2006
Trillion
cubic
metres
Trillion
cubic
feet
5.30
2.69
2.12
10.11
4.74
1.81
1.80
8.34
5.98
1.62
0.39
7.99
211.08
57.55
13.01
281.65
5.98
1.63
0.37
7.98
3.4%
0.9%
0.2%
4.5%
10.9
8.9
8.0
10.3
0.69
0.14
0.11
0.10
0.34
0.30
2.84
0.15
4.67
0.68
0.12
0.23
0.20
0.20
0.52
4.12
0.15
6.21
0.45
0.74
0.35
0.12
0.33
0.48
5.10
0.07
7.64
15.54
26.13
12.89
4.41
12.54
16.95
181.87
2.51
272.84
0.44
0.74
0.36
0.13
0.36
0.48
5.15
0.07
7.73
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
0.3%
2.9%
4.4%
9.8
54.7
32.3
16.2
*
12.3
*
21.0
51.2
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
n/a
0.07
0.38
0.30
n/a
1.77
2.29
0.16
0.20
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.64
n/a
39.25
45.06
0.84
0.11
0.26
0.27
1.87
1.79
3.65
0.16
0.37
45.17
2.71
0.98
0.77
1.63
0.45
61.02
1.26
0.12
0.16
0.09
1.90
1.32
2.89
0.11
0.63
44.60
2.67
1.03
0.41
1.74
0.44
59.37
45.13
4.10
4.84
3.14
67.20
44.07
104.57
3.99
22.18
1576.75
94.22
36.24
14.55
61.60
15.31
2097.89
1.28
0.12
0.14
0.09
1.90
1.25
2.96
0.11
0.63
44.65
2.67
1.03
0.41
1.74
0.43
59.41
0.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
1.1%
0.7%
1.7%
0.1%
0.4%
25.2%
1.5%
0.6%
0.2%
1.0%
0.2%
33.5%
*
12.6
9.6
10.0
69.8
19.4
33.0
26.4
54.4
73.5
39.6
54.0
5.7
29.8
39.4
55.2
Bahrain
Iran
Iraq
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
0.20
13.92
1.00
1.21
0.27
4.44
4.19
0.13
5.68
0.11
†
31.18
0.14
23.00
3.19
1.49
0.54
8.50
5.88
0.24
6.06
0.48
†
49.53
0.09
27.58
3.17
1.78
0.69
25.64
7.07
0.29
6.11
0.49
0.05
72.95
3.00
981.75
111.95
63.00
24.37
904.06
253.03
10.17
215.07
17.23
1.73
2585.35
0.09
27.80
3.17
1.78
0.69
25.60
7.17
0.29
6.09
0.49
0.05
73.21
◆
41.3%
7.4
*
*
*
28.6
*
94.4
54.7
*
*
18.5
*
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
3.16
0.31
0.73
2.41
0.79
7.39
4.08
0.93
1.31
3.48
0.82
10.62
4.50
2.05
1.49
5.22
1.20
14.46
159.45
72.85
52.80
186.99
42.84
514.92
4.52
2.06
1.50
5.30
1.21
14.58
2.5%
1.2%
0.8%
3.0%
0.7%
8.2%
54.4
44.3
98.4
*
*
76.6
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
1.07
0.35
0.33
0.89
0.55
2.37
1.49
0.27
0.63
0.09
0.18
†
0.23
8.45
1.48
0.30
0.39
1.16
0.69
2.15
2.46
0.28
0.60
0.43
0.21
0.17
0.41
10.73
2.49
0.39
0.33
1.68
1.08
2.63
2.48
0.54
0.85
0.44
0.33
0.22
0.37
13.82
88.64
13.77
12.11
66.54
37.26
105.94
87.40
21.19
30.02
15.36
11.65
7.77
13.02
510.69
2.51
0.39
0.34
1.88
1.06
3.00
2.48
0.60
0.85
0.44
0.33
0.22
0.37
14.46
1.4%
0.2%
0.2%
1.1%
0.6%
1.7%
1.4%
0.3%
0.5%
0.2%
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
8.2%
62.8
24.0
28.0
27.2
35.0
45.0
40.9
40.8
27.6
*
12.7
28.5
21.9
36.9
106.86
3.75
17.19
38.90
146.46
3.85
17.05
53.44
176.22
2.94
15.79
53.46
6263.34
100.26
556.89
1890.24
177.36
2.84
15.77
53.53
100.0%
1.6%
8.9%
30.2%
60.3
14.8
14.4
67.7
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Peru
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
At end 2007
Trillion
cubic
Share
metres
of total
◆
15.7%
1.8%
1.0%
0.4%
14.4%
4.0%
0.2%
3.4%
0.3%
◆
R/P
ratio
*More than 100 years.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
n/a not available.
Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in
the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz.
22
Proved reserves at end 2007
Trillion cubic metres
73.21
59.41
14.46
14.58
Asia Pacific
Africa
7.98
7.73
S. & Cent. America North America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Distribution of proved reserves in 1987, 1997 and 2007
Percentage
Middle East
Europe & Eurasia
Africa
Asia Pacific
North America
S. & Cent. America
4.5
4.2
8.2
5.7
7.3
4.4
4.4
41.3
33.8
8.2
9.5
29.2
7.3
7.9
6.9
33.5
41.7
42.2
1987
Total 106.86 trillion cubic metres
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
1997
Total 146.46 trillion cubic metres
2007
Total 177.36 trillion cubic metres
23
Production*
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
535.3
168.6
31.7
735.5
538.7
173.4
34.8
747.0
533.3
176.8
36.7
746.8
543.2
182.2
36.1
761.6
555.5
186.5
34.9
776.8
536.0
187.9
35.4
759.2
540.8
184.7
36.2
761.7
526.4
183.7
37.7
747.9
511.1
187.4
38.9
737.4
523.2
188.4
42.8
754.4
545.9
183.7
46.2
775.8
4.3%
–2.5%
8.0%
2.9%
18.8%
6.2%
1.6%
26.6%
27.4
2.7
6.0
5.9
7.4
30.8
2.6
82.8
29.6
2.8
6.3
6.3
8.6
32.3
2.7
88.6
34.6
2.3
6.7
5.2
11.7
27.4
3.3
91.1
37.4
3.2
7.2
5.9
14.1
27.9
3.5
99.2
37.1
4.7
7.6
6.1
15.2
29.6
3.7
104.0
36.1
4.9
9.2
6.2
17.3
28.4
3.7
105.8
41.0
6.4
10.0
6.1
24.7
25.2
3.4
116.9
44.9
9.8
11.0
6.4
27.3
28.4
3.9
131.7
45.6
11.9
11.0
6.8
30.3
28.1
4.8
138.6
46.1
12.7
11.3
7.3
36.4
27.9
5.3
147.2
44.8
13.5
11.3
7.7
39.0
28.5
6.1
150.8
–2.8%
6.5%
–0.5%
5.6%
7.0%
1.9%
13.2%
2.5%
1.5%
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
1.3%
1.0%
0.2%
5.1%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
5.6
7.9
17.1
17.7
7.6
67.1
43.0
3.6
15.0
532.6
16.1
17.4
85.9
47.8
13.3
897.5
5.2
7.6
16.7
17.4
7.4
63.6
44.2
3.6
14.0
551.3
12.4
16.8
90.2
51.1
12.3
913.8
5.6
7.8
17.8
16.0
9.3
59.3
48.5
3.4
14.0
551.0
21.3
16.9
99.1
51.8
11.5
933.3
5.3
8.1
16.9
15.2
10.8
57.3
49.7
3.7
13.8
545.0
43.8
16.7
108.4
52.6
11.2
958.5
5.2
8.4
17.0
14.0
10.8
61.9
53.9
3.9
13.6
542.4
47.9
17.1
105.8
53.6
11.0
966.4
4.8
8.4
17.0
13.4
10.6
59.9
65.5
4.0
13.2
555.4
49.9
17.4
103.6
53.5
11.3
987.9
4.8
8.0
17.7
12.7
12.9
58.4
73.1
4.0
13.0
578.6
55.1
18.0
102.9
53.6
10.7
1023.6
4.7
9.4
16.4
11.9
20.6
68.8
78.5
4.4
12.8
591.0
54.4
19.1
96.4
55.8
11.2
1055.2
5.3
10.4
15.8
11.1
23.3
62.9
85.0
4.3
12.4
598.0
58.8
19.4
88.2
55.0
10.8
1060.6
6.3
10.4
15.6
10.1
24.6
65.3
87.6
4.3
11.9
612.1
62.2
19.1
80.0
55.4
11.5
1076.3
10.3 63.2%
9.2 –11.4%
14.3 –8.4%
8.9 –11.5%
27.3 10.8%
64.5 –1.2%
89.7
2.4%
4.3 –0.8%
11.6 –3.1%
607.4 –0.8%
67.4
8.4%
19.0 –0.3%
72.4 –9.5%
58.5
5.6%
11.0 –4.0%
1075.7 –0.1%
0.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.3%
0.9%
2.2%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
20.6%
2.3%
0.6%
2.5%
2.0%
0.4%
36.5%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
8.0
47.0
9.3
5.0
17.4
45.3
3.8
36.3
3.3
175.4
8.4
50.0
9.5
5.2
19.6
46.8
4.3
37.1
3.2
184.0
8.7
56.4
8.6
5.5
22.1
46.2
4.5
38.5
3.4
193.8
8.8
60.2
9.6
8.7
23.7
49.8
4.2
38.4
3.4
206.8
9.1
66.0
8.5
14.0
27.0
53.7
4.1
39.4
3.0
224.8
9.5
75.0
8.0
15.0
29.5
56.7
5.0
43.4
2.6
244.7
9.6
81.5
9.1
16.5
31.4
60.1
5.2
44.8
1.8
259.9
9.8
91.8
11.0
18.5
39.2
65.7
5.3
46.3
3.3
290.7
10.7
100.9
12.3
19.8
45.8
71.2
5.4
47.0
4.4
317.5
11.1
108.6
12.9
23.7
50.7
73.5
5.5
47.4
5.6
339.0
11.5
111.9
12.6
24.1
59.8
75.9
5.3
49.2
5.5
355.8
4.0%
3.0%
–2.3%
1.7%
17.9%
3.3%
–5.0%
3.8%
–2.8%
4.9%
0.4%
3.8%
0.4%
0.8%
2.0%
2.6%
0.2%
1.7%
0.2%
12.1%
71.8
11.6
6.0
5.1
4.9
99.4
76.6
12.2
5.8
5.1
5.0
104.8
86.0
14.7
4.7
6.0
5.7
117.1
84.4
18.3
5.3
12.5
6.2
126.8
78.2
21.5
5.6
14.9
6.7
126.9
80.4
22.7
5.6
14.2
7.4
130.3
82.8
25.0
5.8
19.2
7.1
139.9
82.0
26.9
6.2
22.8
7.9
145.8
88.2
34.6
11.3
22.4
9.0
165.6
84.5
44.7
14.8
28.4
9.2
181.6
83.0
46.5
15.2
35.0
10.7
190.4
–1.7%
4.2%
2.7%
23.0%
15.4%
4.8%
2.8%
1.6%
0.5%
1.2%
0.4%
6.5%
29.8
7.6
11.7
22.7
22.3
65.7
38.6
1.5
5.2
19.8
16.2
0.5
3.4
245.0
30.4
7.8
10.8
23.3
24.5
64.6
38.5
1.8
4.6
20.1
17.5
0.9
3.5
248.1
30.8
8.3
11.2
25.2
25.1
70.0
40.8
1.7
5.3
22.2
19.2
1.3
3.5
264.7
31.2
10.0
11.3
27.2
26.4
65.7
45.3
3.4
5.6
22.8
20.2
1.6
3.6
274.1
32.5
10.7
11.4
30.3
26.4
64.5
46.9
7.2
5.9
23.4
19.6
2.0
3.8
284.7
32.6
11.4
11.5
32.7
27.6
70.6
48.3
8.4
5.6
22.9
20.5
2.4
5.4
300.0
33.2
12.3
12.4
35.0
29.5
72.7
51.8
9.6
4.3
25.2
21.8
2.4
6.6
316.8
35.3
13.2
12.2
41.5
29.2
72.8
53.9
10.2
3.8
27.4
22.4
4.2
6.4
332.5
37.1
14.5
12.0
49.3
29.6
68.7
59.9
13.0
3.5
30.2
23.7
6.9
7.2
355.8
38.9
15.3
12.6
58.6
29.3
69.3
60.2
13.4
3.6
30.5
24.4
7.0
10.7
373.7
40.0
16.3
12.3
69.3
30.2
66.7
60.5
14.7
4.0
30.8
25.9
7.7
13.1
391.5
2.8%
6.2%
–2.5%
18.4%
2.8%
–3.7%
0.5%
9.7%
10.1%
1.0%
6.4%
10.1%
23.4%
4.8%
1.4%
0.6%
0.4%
2.4%
1.0%
2.3%
2.1%
0.5%
0.1%
1.0%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
13.3%
2235.7
224.5
1025.5
627.4
582.8
2286.2
222.2
1037.1
644.5
604.6
2346.8
225.7
1045.9
656.2
644.8
2427.0
231.2
1068.5
674.5
683.9
2483.8
232.4
1090.7
677.3
715.7
2527.9
227.4
1079.9
691.9
756.1
2618.8
223.9
1086.5
723.5
808.8
2703.7
227.8
1083.5
745.8
874.4
2775.5
212.3
1066.4
760.0
949.1
2872.2
204.9
1080.6
780.0
1011.6
2940.0
191.9
1093.3
790.2
1056.4
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2.4% 100.0%
–6.4%
6.5%
1.2% 37.4%
1.3% 26.8%
4.4% 35.8%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an
average conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
24
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
488.7
151.7
28.5
669.0
494.2
156.1
31.3
681.7
487.4
159.1
33.0
679.6
495.5
164.0
32.5
692.0
508.2
167.8
31.4
707.4
489.9
169.1
31.8
690.8
496.2
166.2
32.6
695.0
481.1
165.3
33.9
680.4
468.1
168.7
35.0
671.7
478.6
169.6
38.5
686.7
499.4
165.3
41.6
706.3
4.3%
–2.5%
8.0%
2.9%
18.8%
6.2%
1.6%
26.6%
24.6
2.4
5.4
5.3
6.7
27.7
2.4
74.5
26.6
2.5
5.6
5.6
7.8
29.1
2.4
79.7
31.1
2.0
6.1
4.7
10.6
24.7
2.9
82.0
33.7
2.9
6.5
5.3
12.6
25.1
3.2
89.3
33.4
4.2
6.8
5.5
13.7
26.6
3.4
93.6
32.5
4.4
8.3
5.5
15.6
25.6
3.3
95.3
36.9
5.7
9.0
5.5
22.3
22.7
3.1
105.2
40.4
8.8
9.9
5.7
24.6
25.6
3.5
118.5
41.1
10.7
9.9
6.1
27.3
25.3
4.3
124.7
41.5
11.4
10.2
6.6
32.8
25.1
4.8
132.4
40.3
12.2
10.2
6.9
35.1
25.6
5.5
135.7
–2.8%
6.5%
–0.5%
5.6%
7.0%
1.9%
13.2%
2.5%
1.5%
0.5%
0.4%
0.3%
1.3%
1.0%
0.2%
5.1%
Azerbaijan
Denmark
Germany
Italy
Kazakhstan
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
5.0
7.1
15.4
15.9
6.8
60.4
38.7
3.2
13.5
479.3
14.5
15.7
77.3
43.0
12.0
807.7
4.7
6.8
15.0
15.7
6.7
57.2
39.8
3.2
12.6
496.2
11.2
15.1
81.1
46.0
11.1
822.4
5.0
7.0
16.1
14.4
8.4
53.3
43.6
3.1
12.6
495.9
19.1
15.2
89.2
46.7
10.3
840.0
4.7
7.3
15.2
13.7
9.7
51.6
44.8
3.3
12.4
490.5
39.5
15.0
97.5
47.4
10.1
862.6
4.7
7.5
15.3
12.6
9.7
55.7
48.5
3.5
12.2
488.2
43.1
15.4
95.2
48.2
9.9
869.8
4.3
7.5
15.3
12.1
9.5
53.9
59.0
3.6
11.9
499.9
44.9
15.7
93.2
48.2
10.1
889.1
4.3
7.2
15.9
11.5
11.7
52.5
65.8
3.6
11.7
520.8
49.6
16.2
92.6
48.3
9.6
921.3
4.2
8.5
14.7
10.7
18.6
61.9
70.6
3.9
11.5
531.9
48.9
17.2
86.7
50.3
10.1
949.7
4.8
9.4
14.2
10.0
21.0
56.6
76.5
3.9
11.2
538.2
52.9
17.4
79.4
49.5
9.7
954.5
5.7
9.4
14.1
9.1
22.1
58.7
78.9
3.9
10.7
550.9
56.0
17.2
72.0
49.9
10.3
968.7
9.3 63.2%
8.3 –11.4%
12.9 –8.4%
8.0 –11.5%
24.5 10.8%
58.0 –1.2%
80.7
2.4%
3.8 –0.8%
10.4 –3.1%
546.7 –0.8%
60.7
8.4%
17.1 –0.3%
65.2 –9.5%
52.6
5.6%
9.9 –4.0%
968.2 –0.1%
0.3%
0.3%
0.5%
0.3%
0.9%
2.2%
3.0%
0.1%
0.4%
20.6%
2.3%
0.6%
2.5%
2.0%
0.4%
36.5%
Bahrain
Iran
Kuwait
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
7.2
42.3
8.3
4.5
15.7
40.8
3.5
32.7
3.0
157.9
7.5
45.0
8.5
4.7
17.6
42.1
3.8
33.4
2.9
165.6
7.8
50.7
7.8
4.9
19.8
41.6
4.0
34.6
3.1
174.4
7.9
54.2
8.6
7.8
21.3
44.8
3.8
34.5
3.1
186.1
8.2
59.4
7.7
12.6
24.3
48.3
3.7
35.4
2.7
202.3
8.5
67.5
7.2
13.5
26.6
51.0
4.5
39.1
2.4
220.2
8.7
73.4
8.2
14.9
28.3
54.1
4.6
40.3
1.6
233.9
8.8
82.6
9.9
16.7
35.3
59.1
4.7
41.7
3.0
261.7
9.6
90.8
11.1
17.8
41.2
64.1
4.8
42.3
4.0
285.8
10.0
97.7
11.6
21.3
45.6
66.2
5.0
42.7
5.1
305.1
10.4
100.7
11.3
21.7
53.8
68.3
4.7
44.3
4.9
320.2
4.0%
3.0%
–2.3%
1.7%
17.9%
3.3%
–5.0%
3.8%
–2.8%
4.9%
0.4%
3.8%
0.4%
0.8%
2.0%
2.6%
0.2%
1.7%
0.2%
12.1%
64.6
10.5
5.4
4.6
4.4
89.5
68.9
11.0
5.2
4.6
4.5
94.3
77.4
13.2
4.2
5.4
5.1
105.4
76.0
16.5
4.8
11.3
5.6
114.1
70.4
19.3
5.0
13.4
6.0
114.2
72.3
20.4
5.1
12.8
6.7
117.3
74.5
22.5
5.2
17.3
6.4
125.9
73.8
24.2
5.6
20.5
7.1
131.2
79.4
31.2
10.2
20.2
8.1
149.0
76.0
40.2
13.3
25.6
8.3
163.4
74.7
41.9
13.7
31.5
9.6
171.3
–1.7%
4.2%
2.7%
23.0%
15.4%
4.8%
2.8%
1.6%
0.5%
1.2%
0.4%
6.5%
26.8
6.8
10.5
20.4
20.1
59.1
34.8
1.4
4.7
17.8
14.5
0.5
3.1
220.5
27.3
7.0
9.7
21.0
22.0
58.1
34.6
1.6
4.2
18.1
15.8
0.8
3.1
223.3
27.7
7.5
10.1
22.7
22.6
63.0
36.8
1.5
4.8
20.0
17.3
1.2
3.1
238.2
28.0
9.0
10.2
24.5
23.7
59.1
40.7
3.1
5.1
20.5
18.2
1.4
3.2
246.7
29.2
9.7
10.3
27.3
23.8
58.1
42.2
6.5
5.3
21.1
17.7
1.8
3.4
256.3
29.3
10.3
10.3
29.4
24.8
63.6
43.5
7.6
5.1
20.6
18.5
2.2
4.9
270.0
29.9
11.1
11.1
31.5
26.6
65.5
46.6
8.6
3.9
22.7
19.6
2.1
6.0
285.1
31.7
11.9
11.0
37.3
26.3
65.5
48.5
9.2
3.5
24.7
20.1
3.7
5.8
299.2
33.4
13.1
10.8
44.4
26.7
61.8
54.0
11.7
3.2
27.2
21.3
6.2
6.5
320.2
35.0
13.8
11.3
52.7
26.4
62.4
54.2
12.1
3.3
27.5
21.9
6.3
9.6
336.4
36.0
14.6
11.0
62.4
27.2
60.1
54.5
13.2
3.6
27.7
23.3
6.9
11.8
352.3
2.8%
6.2%
–2.5%
18.4%
2.8%
–3.7%
0.5%
9.7%
10.1%
1.0%
6.4%
10.1%
23.4%
4.8%
1.4%
0.6%
0.4%
2.4%
1.0%
2.3%
2.1%
0.5%
0.1%
1.0%
0.9%
0.3%
0.4%
13.3%
2019.1
202.0
929.9
564.6
524.6
2067.0
200.0
942.8
580.1
544.1
2119.6
203.1
948.7
590.6
580.3
2190.9
208.0
968.3
607.1
615.5
2243.6
209.2
989.9
609.6
644.2
2282.6
204.6
979.4
622.7
680.5
2366.4
201.5
987.3
651.1
727.9
2440.7
205.0
982.5
671.2
787.0
2506.0
191.0
967.8
684.0
854.2
2592.8
184.4
980.3
702.0
910.4
2654.1
172.7
992.1
711.2
950.8
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Trinidad & Tobago
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Nigeria
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
Brunei
China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
New Zealand
Pakistan
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2.4% 100.0%
–6.4%
6.5%
1.2% 37.4%
1.3% 26.8%
4.4% 35.8%
*Excluding gas flared or recycled.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
25
Production by region
Billion cubic metres
3000
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
07
World natural gas production grew by 2.4% in 2007, slightly below the 10-year average. North American production was very strong, especially in the US (+4.3%, the strongest
since 1984). All other regions except Asia saw below-average growth. EU output declined by 6.4%.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios
Years
2007 by region
80
World
250
North America
S. & Cent. America
70
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
60
200
Asia Pacific
50
150
40
100
30
20
50
10
83
85
87
89
91
93
95
97
99
01
03
05
07
0
The world’s natural gas R/P ratio declined to 60.3 years in 2007, even though reserves increased by more than 1 trillion cubic metres. Increases in Indonesia, Iran and China
accounted for most of the growth.
26
0
Consumption
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
Billion cubic metres
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
643.8
87.2
32.3
763.3
629.9
83.4
36.0
749.4
634.4
87.4
36.8
758.6
660.7
92.8
38.3
791.8
629.7
88.2
37.7
755.6
651.5
90.2
41.4
783.1
630.8
97.7
44.5
773.0
634.0
95.1
47.1
776.2
623.3
98.1
46.2
767.6
613.1
96.9
51.4
761.4
652.9
94.0
54.1
801.0
6.5%
–3.1%
5.3%
5.2%
22.6%
3.2%
1.8%
27.6%
28.5
6.0
2.6
5.9
0.1
0.2
30.8
8.5
82.7
30.5
6.3
3.6
6.2
0.1
0.4
32.3
10.0
89.4
32.4
7.1
4.9
5.2
0.1
0.4
27.4
11.3
88.8
33.2
9.3
6.4
5.9
0.1
0.3
27.9
11.9
95.1
31.1
11.7
7.2
6.1
0.2
0.4
29.6
13.6
99.8
30.3
14.1
7.3
6.1
0.1
0.4
28.4
14.4
101.2
34.6
15.8
7.9
6.0
†
0.5
25.2
15.9
106.0
37.9
18.7
8.6
6.3
0.2
0.9
28.4
16.2
117.3
40.4
19.3
8.3
6.8
0.3
1.5
28.1
19.5
124.3
41.8
20.6
7.9
7.3
0.3
1.8
27.9
23.8
131.3
44.1
5.5%
22.0
7.0%
4.4 –43.6%
7.7
5.6%
0.3 –1.9%
2.7 50.7%
28.5
1.9%
24.9
4.5%
134.5
2.5%
1.5%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
8.1
5.6
14.8
12.5
4.1
8.5
4.4
3.2
34.6
79.2
0.2
10.8
–
3.1
53.1
7.1
2.6
39.1
3.7
10.5
0.1
20.0
350.4
6.3
12.3
0.8
2.5
9.7
10.1
74.3
84.5
45.4
14.7
936.3
8.3
5.2
15.0
13.8
3.5
8.5
4.8
3.7
37.0
79.7
0.8
10.9
–
3.1
57.2
7.3
2.3
38.7
3.8
10.6
0.8
18.7
364.7
6.4
13.1
0.9
2.6
10.3
10.3
68.7
87.9
47.0
14.6
960.3
8.5
5.6
15.3
14.7
3.0
8.6
5.0
3.7
37.7
80.2
1.5
11.0
–
3.3
62.2
7.9
2.4
37.9
3.6
10.3
2.3
17.2
363.6
6.4
15.0
0.8
2.7
12.4
11.3
73.0
93.6
49.3
12.9
982.9
8.1
5.4
16.2
14.9
3.3
8.3
4.9
3.7
39.7
79.5
2.0
10.7
–
3.8
64.9
9.7
2.7
39.2
4.0
11.1
2.4
17.1
377.2
6.5
16.9
0.7
2.7
14.6
12.6
73.1
96.9
47.1
13.5
1013.5
8.6
7.8
16.1
14.6
3.0
8.9
5.1
4.1
41.7
82.9
2.0
11.9
–
4.0
65.0
10.1
2.8
39.1
3.8
11.5
2.6
16.6
372.7
6.9
18.2
0.7
2.8
16.0
12.9
70.9
96.4
51.1
14.7
1025.5
8.5
7.8
16.6
14.8
2.7
8.7
5.2
4.0
41.7
82.6
2.1
11.8
–
4.1
64.6
11.1
2.9
39.3
4.0
11.2
3.1
17.2
388.9
6.5
20.8
0.8
2.8
17.4
13.2
69.8
95.1
52.4
13.8
1045.6
9.4
8.0
16.3
16.0
2.8
8.7
5.2
4.5
43.3
85.5
2.4
12.9
–
4.1
71.2
13.3
3.1
40.3
4.3
11.2
3.0
18.3
392.9
6.3
23.6
0.8
2.9
20.9
14.6
67.8
95.4
47.2
14.2
1070.7
9.5
8.6
18.5
16.5
2.8
9.1
5.2
4.3
44.5
85.9
2.7
12.8
–
4.1
73.9
15.4
3.1
41.1
4.6
13.1
3.8
17.5
401.9
6.1
27.4
0.8
3.0
22.1
15.5
73.2
97.4
44.8
15.4
1104.3
10.0
8.9
18.9
16.6
2.9
9.6
5.0
4.0
45.8
86.2
2.8
13.2
–
3.9
79.1
19.4
3.3
39.5
4.5
13.6
4.2
17.6
405.1
6.6
32.4
0.8
3.1
26.9
16.6
73.0
94.9
44.0
16.1
1128.3
9.4
9.4
19.6
17.0
3.0
9.8
5.1
4.2
44.1
87.2
3.2
12.5
–
4.5
77.4
20.9
3.2
38.3
4.4
13.7
4.1
18.2
432.1
6.4
33.7
1.0
3.0
30.5
18.9
67.1
90.0
43.2
16.4
1151.5
8.9 –5.3%
8.3 –12.0%
19.4 –1.0%
16.9 –0.6%
3.1
2.0%
8.9 –9.7%
4.6 –10.5%
4.1 –4.0%
41.9 –5.0%
82.7 –5.1%
4.0 24.3%
11.8 –5.8%
–
–
4.8
6.8%
77.8
0.5%
19.8 –5.4%
3.8 17.3%
37.2 –2.9%
4.3 –2.9%
13.7 –0.1%
4.3
6.6%
16.4 –9.9%
438.8
1.6%
5.9 –7.8%
35.1
4.3%
1.0
3.5%
2.9 –2.4%
35.1 15.0%
21.9 15.8%
64.6 –3.6%
91.4
1.5%
45.6
5.6%
16.8
2.3%
1155.7
0.4%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
47.1
9.3
14.5
45.3
29.0
19.6
164.9
51.8
9.5
14.8
46.8
30.4
20.5
173.7
58.4
8.6
14.0
46.2
31.4
21.5
180.1
62.9
9.6
9.7
49.8
31.4
22.1
185.4
70.2
8.5
11.0
53.7
32.3
22.8
198.4
79.2
8.0
11.1
56.7
36.4
23.6
215.1
82.9
9.1
12.2
60.1
37.9
23.9
226.1
93.4
11.0
15.0
65.7
40.2
27.4
252.8
102.4
12.3
18.7
71.2
41.3
30.9
276.8
108.7
12.9
19.6
73.5
41.7
35.0
291.4
111.8
12.6
20.5
75.9
43.2
35.3
299.4
2.9%
–2.3%
4.6%
3.3%
3.7%
1.0%
2.7%
3.8%
0.4%
0.7%
2.6%
1.5%
1.2%
10.2%
20.2
11.6
–
14.4
46.1
20.9
12.0
–
14.9
47.7
21.3
14.3
–
15.5
51.2
19.8
18.3
–
17.3
55.5
20.5
21.5
–
17.5
59.5
20.2
22.7
–
17.9
60.8
21.4
24.6
–
20.4
66.4
22.0
26.2
–
22.6
70.8
23.2
25.8
–
24.3
73.3
23.7
29.2
–
25.0
77.9
24.4
32.0
–
27.1
83.5
2.7%
9.9%
–
8.2%
7.2%
0.8%
1.1%
–
0.9%
2.8%
19.3
7.6
19.5
3.2
22.3
30.6
64.1
16.7
5.1
19.8
†
1.5
16.4
5.2
16.2
4.3
251.8
19.8
7.8
20.3
3.0
24.5
29.5
66.1
17.4
4.5
20.1
†
1.5
15.4
6.2
17.6
4.7
258.1
20.2
8.3
21.5
3.3
25.1
32.0
69.4
16.1
5.2
22.2
†
1.5
18.7
6.3
19.2
5.0
274.1
20.5
10.0
24.5
3.0
26.4
30.2
72.3
24.3
5.5
22.8
†
1.7
21.0
6.8
22.0
5.1
296.1
22.0
10.7
27.4
3.0
26.4
32.3
74.3
25.8
5.7
23.4
0.1
4.5
23.1
7.3
24.8
5.2
316.1
22.4
11.4
29.2
2.9
27.6
33.8
72.7
26.7
5.5
22.9
1.8
4.9
25.7
8.2
26.9
5.3
327.8
22.4
12.3
33.9
1.8
29.5
34.7
79.8
27.1
4.1
25.2
2.7
5.3
26.9
8.4
28.8
5.6
348.8
22.8
13.2
39.7
2.7
31.9
35.7
77.0
24.5
3.7
27.4
2.4
6.6
31.5
10.2
29.9
8.9
367.9
21.9
14.5
46.8
2.7
35.7
32.7
78.6
28.9
3.4
30.2
3.3
6.6
33.7
10.3
32.5
13.1
395.0
24.0
15.3
56.1
2.9
37.3
34.9
83.7
29.6
3.5
30.5
2.9
6.6
35.6
11.1
33.3
13.4
420.9
25.1
16.3
67.3
3.0
40.2
33.8
90.2
28.3
3.7
30.8
3.4
6.6
37.0
11.8
35.4
15.0
447.8
4.9%
6.2%
19.9%
0.8%
7.6%
–3.3%
7.8%
–4.4%
6.2%
1.0%
19.4%
–
4.0%
6.1%
6.2%
11.4%
6.4%
0.9%
0.6%
2.3%
0.1%
1.4%
1.2%
3.1%
1.0%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.5%
15.3%
2245.1
400.7
1255.5
519.1
470.6
2278.6
413.5
1258.0
529.4
491.2
2335.7
428.0
1293.6
536.2
506.0
2437.3
440.4
1346.6
551.9
538.9
2455.0
450.0
1327.6
552.9
574.5
2533.5
451.1
1358.5
570.3
604.7
2590.9
471.6
1378.2
571.2
641.5
2689.2
485.1
1399.0
589.5
700.7
2765.2
495.5
1407.6
598.6
758.9
2834.4
489.7
1407.7
624.1
802.5
2921.9
481.9
1454.3
631.9
835.7
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
◆
0.1%
1.0%
0.8%
4.6%
0.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.4%
2.8%
0.1%
0.4%
–
0.2%
2.7%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
15.0%
0.2%
1.2%
◆
0.1%
1.2%
0.7%
2.2%
3.1%
1.6%
0.6%
39.4%
3.1% 100.0%
–1.6% 16.4%
3.3% 49.9%
1.2% 21.6%
4.1% 28.5%
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures.
The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 24 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants,
together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
Because of rounding some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts.
As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013mbar); because it is derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average
conversion factor, it does not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms.
Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
27
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
585.2
78.5
29.1
692.7
575.3
75.1
32.4
682.8
577.3
78.6
33.1
689.1
600.4
83.5
34.5
718.3
573.9
79.4
33.9
687.1
593.7
81.2
37.3
712.1
577.0
87.9
40.1
704.9
577.9
85.6
42.4
705.9
569.1
88.3
41.6
699.0
559.2
87.3
46.2
692.7
595.7
84.6
48.7
728.9
6.5%
–3.1%
5.3%
5.2%
22.6%
3.2%
1.8%
27.6%
25.7
5.4
2.3
5.3
0.1
0.2
27.7
7.7
74.4
27.5
5.6
3.2
5.6
0.1
0.4
29.1
9.0
80.5
29.1
6.4
4.4
4.7
0.1
0.4
24.7
10.2
79.9
29.9
8.4
5.7
5.3
0.1
0.3
25.1
10.7
85.6
28.0
10.5
6.5
5.5
0.1
0.3
26.6
12.2
89.9
27.2
12.7
6.6
5.5
0.1
0.4
25.6
13.0
91.1
31.1
14.2
7.1
5.4
†
0.5
22.7
14.3
95.4
34.1
16.8
7.7
5.7
0.2
0.8
25.6
14.6
105.5
36.4
17.4
7.5
6.1
0.2
1.4
25.3
17.6
111.8
37.6
18.5
7.1
6.6
0.2
1.6
25.1
21.4
118.2
39.7
5.5%
19.8
7.0%
4.0 –43.6%
6.9
5.6%
0.2 –1.9%
2.4 50.7%
25.6
1.9%
22.4
4.5%
121.1
2.5%
1.5%
0.8%
0.2%
0.3%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
7.3
5.0
13.3
11.3
3.7
7.7
3.9
2.9
31.2
71.3
0.2
9.7
–
2.8
47.8
6.4
2.4
35.2
3.3
9.4
0.1
18.0
315.3
5.6
11.1
0.7
2.3
8.7
9.1
66.8
76.0
40.9
13.3
842.7
7.5
4.7
13.5
12.4
3.1
7.7
4.3
3.3
33.3
71.7
0.8
9.8
–
2.8
51.5
6.5
2.1
34.9
3.4
9.5
0.7
16.8
328.3
5.7
11.8
0.8
2.4
9.2
9.2
61.9
79.1
42.3
13.2
864.3
7.6
5.0
13.8
13.3
2.7
7.7
4.5
3.3
33.9
72.1
1.3
9.9
–
3.0
56.0
7.1
2.2
34.1
3.2
9.3
2.0
15.5
327.3
5.8
13.5
0.8
2.4
11.1
10.2
65.7
84.2
44.3
11.6
884.6
7.3
4.9
14.6
13.4
2.9
7.5
4.4
3.4
35.7
71.5
1.8
9.7
–
3.4
58.4
8.7
2.5
35.3
3.6
10.0
2.1
15.4
339.5
5.8
15.2
0.7
2.4
13.1
11.3
65.8
87.2
42.4
12.1
912.1
7.7
7.0
14.5
13.2
2.7
8.0
4.6
3.7
37.5
74.6
1.8
10.7
–
3.6
58.5
9.1
2.5
35.2
3.4
10.4
2.3
14.9
335.4
6.2
16.4
0.6
2.5
14.4
11.6
63.8
86.7
46.0
13.3
923.0
7.7
7.0
14.9
13.4
2.4
7.8
4.6
3.6
37.5
74.3
1.9
10.6
–
3.7
58.1
10.0
2.6
35.4
3.6
10.1
2.8
15.5
350.0
5.8
18.8
0.7
2.5
15.6
11.9
62.8
85.6
47.2
12.4
941.0
8.5
7.2
14.7
14.4
2.5
7.8
4.7
4.0
39.0
77.0
2.2
11.6
–
3.7
64.1
12.0
2.8
36.2
3.9
10.1
2.7
16.5
353.6
5.7
21.3
0.7
2.6
18.8
13.2
61.0
85.8
42.5
12.8
963.6
8.5
7.7
16.6
14.9
2.5
8.2
4.7
3.9
40.1
77.3
2.4
11.5
–
3.6
66.5
13.9
2.8
37.0
4.1
11.8
3.4
15.7
361.7
5.5
24.7
0.7
2.7
19.9
13.9
65.9
87.7
40.3
13.8
993.8
9.0
8.0
17.0
14.9
2.7
8.6
4.5
3.6
41.3
77.6
2.5
11.9
–
3.5
71.2
17.5
2.9
35.5
4.0
12.3
3.8
15.8
364.6
5.9
29.1
0.7
2.8
24.2
14.9
65.7
85.4
39.6
14.5
1015.5
8.5
8.4
17.6
15.3
2.7
8.9
4.6
3.8
39.7
78.5
2.9
11.3
–
4.0
69.7
18.8
2.9
34.4
4.0
12.3
3.7
16.4
388.9
5.7
30.3
0.9
2.7
27.4
17.0
60.4
81.0
38.9
14.8
1036.3
8.0 –5.3%
7.4 –12.0%
17.5 –1.0%
15.2 –0.6%
2.8
2.0%
8.0 –9.7%
4.1 –10.5%
3.7 –4.0%
37.7 –5.0%
74.5 –5.1%
3.6 24.3%
10.6 –5.8%
–
–
4.3
6.8%
70.0
0.5%
17.8 –5.4%
3.4 17.3%
33.4 –2.9%
3.8 –2.9%
12.3 –0.1%
3.9
6.6%
14.7 –9.9%
394.9
1.6%
5.3 –7.8%
31.6
4.3%
0.9
3.5%
2.6 –2.4%
31.6 15.0%
19.7 15.8%
58.2 –3.6%
82.3
1.5%
41.1
5.6%
15.1
2.3%
1040.1
0.4%
0.3%
0.3%
0.7%
0.6%
0.1%
0.3%
0.2%
0.1%
1.4%
2.8%
0.1%
0.4%
–
0.2%
2.7%
0.7%
0.1%
1.3%
0.1%
0.5%
0.1%
0.6%
15.0%
0.2%
1.2%
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
42.4
8.3
13.1
40.8
26.1
17.7
148.4
46.6
8.5
13.3
42.1
27.4
18.5
156.4
52.5
7.8
12.6
41.6
28.3
19.4
162.1
56.6
8.6
8.7
44.8
28.3
19.9
166.9
63.2
7.7
9.9
48.3
29.1
20.5
178.6
71.3
7.2
10.0
51.0
32.8
21.2
193.6
74.6
8.2
11.0
54.1
34.1
21.5
203.4
84.1
9.9
13.5
59.1
36.2
24.7
227.5
92.1
11.1
16.8
64.1
37.1
27.9
249.1
97.8
11.6
17.6
66.2
37.5
31.5
262.2
100.7
11.3
18.5
68.3
38.9
31.8
269.4
2.9%
–2.3%
4.6%
3.3%
3.7%
1.0%
2.7%
3.8%
0.4%
0.7%
2.6%
1.5%
1.2%
10.2%
18.1
10.4
–
12.9
41.5
18.8
10.8
–
13.4
42.9
19.2
12.9
–
14.0
46.1
17.9
16.5
–
15.6
49.9
18.5
19.3
–
15.8
53.5
18.2
20.4
–
16.1
54.7
19.3
22.1
–
18.3
59.7
19.8
23.6
–
20.3
63.7
20.9
23.2
–
21.8
65.9
21.4
26.2
–
22.5
70.1
22.0
28.8
–
24.4
75.2
2.7%
9.9%
–
8.2%
7.2%
0.8%
1.1%
–
0.9%
2.8%
17.4
6.8
17.6
2.9
20.1
27.5
57.7
15.0
4.6
17.8
†
1.4
14.8
4.7
14.5
3.9
226.6
17.8
7.0
18.2
2.7
22.0
26.5
59.5
15.7
4.0
18.1
†
1.4
13.8
5.6
15.8
4.2
232.3
18.2
7.5
19.3
3.0
22.6
28.8
62.5
14.5
4.7
20.0
†
1.4
16.8
5.7
17.3
4.5
246.7
18.5
9.0
22.1
2.7
23.7
27.2
65.1
21.9
4.9
20.5
†
1.6
18.9
6.1
19.8
4.6
266.5
19.8
9.7
24.7
2.7
23.8
29.0
66.8
23.2
5.2
21.1
0.1
4.1
20.8
6.6
22.3
4.7
284.5
20.2
10.3
26.3
2.6
24.8
30.5
65.4
24.0
4.9
20.6
1.6
4.4
23.1
7.4
24.2
4.8
295.0
20.2
11.1
30.5
1.7
26.6
31.2
71.8
24.4
3.7
22.7
2.4
4.8
24.2
7.6
26.0
5.1
313.9
20.5
11.9
35.7
2.4
28.7
32.1
69.3
22.1
3.3
24.7
2.1
5.9
28.4
9.2
26.9
8.0
331.2
19.7
13.1
42.1
2.4
32.1
29.5
70.7
26.0
3.1
27.2
3.0
5.9
30.4
9.3
29.3
11.8
355.5
21.6
13.8
50.5
2.6
33.6
31.5
75.4
26.6
3.2
27.5
2.6
5.9
32.0
10.0
30.0
12.1
378.8
22.6
14.6
60.6
2.7
36.2
30.4
81.2
25.4
3.4
27.7
3.1
5.9
33.3
10.6
31.8
13.5
403.1
4.9%
6.2%
19.9%
0.8%
7.6%
–3.3%
7.8%
–4.4%
6.2%
1.0%
19.4%
–
4.0%
6.1%
6.2%
11.4%
6.4%
0.9%
0.6%
2.3%
0.1%
1.4%
1.2%
3.1%
1.0%
0.1%
1.1%
0.1%
0.2%
1.3%
0.4%
1.2%
0.5%
15.3%
2026.4
360.6
1135.7
467.1
423.5
2059.1
372.2
1140.6
476.5
442.1
2108.4
385.2
1170.5
482.6
455.4
2199.3
396.4
1217.6
496.7
485.0
2216.6
405.0
1201.9
497.6
517.0
2287.5
406.0
1230.0
513.3
544.3
2341.1
424.4
1249.7
514.0
577.3
2427.6
436.6
1266.3
530.6
630.7
2496.8
445.9
1275.0
538.8
683.1
2558.3
440.7
1274.3
561.7
722.3
2637.7
433.7
1316.9
568.7
752.1
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
◆
0.1%
1.2%
0.7%
2.2%
3.1%
1.6%
0.6%
39.4%
3.1% 100.0%
–1.6% 16.4%
3.3% 49.9%
1.2% 21.6%
4.1% 28.5%
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics on page 25 is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction
plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data.
28
◆
0.1%
1.0%
0.8%
4.6%
Consumption by region
Billion cubic metres
3000
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
North America
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
World natural gas consumption rose by 3.1% in 2007, slightly above the 10-year average. The US accounted for the largest increment to growth, rising by 6.5%. In addition
to North America, only Africa and Asia Pacific recorded above-average regional growth. Chinese consumption rose by 19.9%, while EU consumption fell by 1.6%.
Consumption per capita 2007
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-0.5
0.5-1.0
1.0-1.5
1.5-2.0
> 2.0
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
29
Trade movements 2007 by pipeline
Billion cubic metres
Eg
yp
t
Lib
ya
My
an
ma
r
Alg
eri
a
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
108.90
13.20
8.81
1.85
–
9.88 0.12
– 2.38
– 0.19
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.85
10.00
2.38
0.19
– 5.60
0.64 0.50
– 3.10
– 0.70
– 6.43
– 4.30
0.10 7.63
2.90 35.55
– 2.89
– 7.85
4.15
–
0.75 23.80
– 1.60
– 3.40
–
–
1.82 2.30
– 6.20
–
–
– 2.50
– 1.90
– 5.80
– 0.56
–
–
–
–
– 0.35
– 23.15
–
–
– 1.42
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.10
–
–
–
2.40
–
1.80
–
–
–
–
–
2.24
2.30
–
1.00
–
–
0.10
–
0.96
0.65
1.28
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.16
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 22.10
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 1.39
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.44
– 8.80
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 9.20
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
7.48
19.34
3.10
0.80
8.63
4.30
33.76
83.72
2.89
10.48
4.15
72.45
1.60
3.40
1.50
18.86
9.30
1.39
4.80
1.90
5.80
1.10
10.95
1.11
2.98
30.59
28.00
1.42
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
6.10
2.35
1.75
–
–
–
1.30
5.39 1.78
–
–
– 9.89
7.17
9.89
5.39 1.78 9.89
549.67
– 107.30 1.60
13.20
–
–
8.81
–
–
–
–
–
S. & Cent. America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Others
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Europe
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Croatia
Czech Republic
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
Others
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.90
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.80
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.80
–
1.10
1.60
–
–
–
–
0.10
–
–
0.83
–
1.50
–
–
0.70
5.50
0.80
–
1.30
–
–
–
–
0.15
1.20
–
1.60
–
–
7.10
–
–
–
–
8.92
19.13
–
–
–
6.11
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.60
–
8.20
–
0.78
9.50
–
–
2.20
–
15.11
23.74
–
–
–
8.99
–
–
–
7.00
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.15
–
0.18
–
16.40
–
Middle East
Iran
Jordan
United Arab Emirates
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 6.10
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
– 0.95 0.80
Africa
Tunisia
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.30
–
–
Asia Pacific
Singapore
Thailand
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
TOTAL EXPORTS
Ind
on
es
ia
Ma
lay
sia
Qa
tar
–
–
–
Bo
livi
a
Om
an
Ru
ssi
an
Fe
d.
Tur
km
en
ist
an
Ot
he
& r Eu
Eu
ras rope
ia
Ira
n
Ne
the
rla
nd
s
No
rw
ay
Un
ite
Kin d
gd
om
Ge
rm
an
y
Ot
h
Am er La
eri tin
ca
Be
lgiu
m
Me
xic
o
Ca
na
da
US
To
North America
US
Canada
Mexico
From
22.01 107.30 1.60 11.73 2.69
4.50 16.38 50.06 86.05 10.36 147.53 6.10 12.82
–
–
– 2.35
–
–
6.16 0.95 0.80 34.03 2.35 9.20
Notes: Flows are on a contractual basis and may not correspond to physical gas flows in all cases.
Data excludes trade within the Former Soviet Union and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Total
imports
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
Trade movements 2007 – liquefied natural gas
Billion cubic metres
Lib
ya
Nig
eri
a
2.11
–
3.24
0.99
0.50
–
–
–
2.69
0.56
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
21.82
2.17
–
–
0.36
0.74
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.36
0.74
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.07
0.06
–
–
–
2.09
0.06
0.39
–
0.07
–
–
–
0.07
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.12
–
–
2.75
–
–
–
–
4.45
–
0.27
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.35
7.85
0.50
2.43
–
4.32
4.45
0.64
–
1.21
0.31
–
–
4.04
0.08
0.16
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.76
–
–
–
3.78
–
–
2.31
8.33
1.42
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.17
12.97
0.81
2.43
2.31
24.18
6.01
1.46
–
–
1.18
–
–
–
0.21
0.57
0.22
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.07
0.21
4.81
6.74
0.21
–
8.27
10.87
10.79
0.57
–
0.07
7.41
0.07
–
0.42
0.44
0.78
0.24
0.14
–
0.07
1.62
1.48
0.41
–
–
0.36
–
0.56
–
–
–
–
–
0.08
0.64
0.88
0.24
0.23
3.30
–
16.05
0.56
0.33
–
–
8.57
0.78
–
–
–
18.07
5.12
4.55
–
0.07
17.65
8.15
3.92
3.87
9.98
88.82
34.39
10.92
1.18
18.15
0.14
12.17
38.48
7.55
24.67
13.61
1.42
0.76
21.16
20.24
9.35
27.74
29.79
226.41
Ma
lay
sia
Eq
ua
Gu toria
ine l
a
–
–
Ind
on
es
ia
Eg
yp
t
0.52
–
Bru
ne
i
Alg
eri
a
–
–
Au
str
alia
UA
E
–
–
Qa
tar
12.76
0.62
Om
an
–
–
No
rw
ay
Trin
i
& T dad
ob
ag
o
TOTAL EXPORTS
US
To
North America
US
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Dominican Republic
Puerto Rico
Europe
Belgium
France
Greece
Italy
Portugal
Spain
Turkey
United Kingdom
Asia Pacific
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Taiwan
From
Total
imports
Source: Cedigaz (provisional).
30
Major trade movements
Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)
124.4
16.4
4.2
6.2
107.3
13.2
22.6
2.6
14.4
23.1
69.7
41.9
23.1
6.1
41.9
16.1
8.5
7.6
12.8
3.3
14.1
5.4
8.8
17.6
6.2
4.5
3.2
8.6
44.3
9.9
5.4
9.9
US
Canada
Mexico
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Natural gas
Asia Pacific
LNG
Prices
US dollars per million Btu
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
LNG
Japan
cif
European
Union cif
5.23
4.10
3.35
3.34
3.28
3.64
3.99
3.62
3.52
3.18
3.46
3.66
3.91
3.05
3.14
4.72
4.64
4.27
4.77
5.18
6.05
7.14
7.73
3.83
3.65
2.59
2.36
2.09
2.82
3.18
2.76
2.53
2.24
2.37
2.43
2.65
2.26
1.80
3.25
4.15
3.46
4.40
4.56
5.95
8.69
8.93
Natural gas
UK
Heren NBP Index†
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
1.87
1.96
1.86
1.58
2.71
3.17
2.37
3.33
4.46
7.38
7.87
6.01
US
Henry Hub‡
–
–
–
–
1.70
1.64
1.49
1.77
2.12
1.92
1.69
2.76
2.53
2.08
2.27
4.23
4.07
3.33
5.63
5.85
8.79
6.76
6.95
Canada
Alberta‡
–
–
–
–
–
1.05
0.89
0.98
1.69
1.45
0.89
1.12
1.36
1.42
2.00
3.75
3.61
2.57
4.83
5.03
7.25
5.83
6.17
Crude oil
OECD
countries cif
4.75
2.57
3.09
2.56
3.01
3.82
3.33
3.19
2.82
2.70
2.96
3.54
3.29
2.16
2.98
4.83
4.08
4.17
4.89
6.27
8.74
10.66
11.95
†Price is for NBP Day-Ahead Index. Source: Heren Energy Ltd.
‡Source: Natural Gas Week.
Note: Btu = British thermal units; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
31
Coal
Proved reserves at end 2007
Anthracite
and
bituminous
Subbituminous
and lignite
Total
Share
of total
R/P ratio
112261
3471
860
116592
130460
3107
351
133918
242721
6578
1211
250510
28.6%
0.8%
0.1%
29.6%
234
95
99
224
–
6578
479
172
7229
7068
381
–
1598
9047
7068
6959
479
1770
16276
0.8%
0.8%
0.1%
0.2%
1.9%
*
97
60
*
188
5
1673
152
–
199
28170
6012
12
49088
200
–
15351
155
1025
102042
1991
2828
6556
3900
3103
3130
1490
410
107922
330
1814
18522
–
18208
170204
1996
4501
6708
3900
3302
31300
7502
422
157010
530
1814
33873
155
19233
272246
0.2%
0.5%
0.8%
0.5%
0.4%
3.7%
0.9%
2.3%
32.1%
66
72
33
62
336
332
51
12
500
29
24
444
9
278
224
48000
502
929
1386
50817
–
–
174
–
174
48000
502
1103
1386
50991
5.7%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
6.0%
178
237
*
*
186
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
North Korea
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
37100
62200
52240
1721
355
33
300
1
–
–
150
115
154216
39500
52300
4258
2607
–
538
300
1981
135
1354
–
276
103249
76600
114500
56498
4328
355
571
600
1982
135
1354
150
391
257465
9.0%
13.5%
6.7%
0.5%
30.4%
194
45
118
25
249
124
20
*
47
74
4
29
70
TOTAL WORLD
430896
416592
847488
100.0%
133
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
8427
162490
93609
174797
21143
194420
132386
89786
29570
356910
225995
264583
3.5%
42.1%
26.7%
31.2%
50
168
463
70
Million tonnes
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Middle East
Total Middle East & Africa
◆
18.5%
0.1%
0.2%
4.0%
◆
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
◆
0.2%
◆
◆
*More than 500 years.
Source of reserves data: Survey of Energy Resources 2007, World Energy Council.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future
from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions.
Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining
reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.
Prices
US dollars per tonne
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Northwest
Europe
marker price†
42.80
38.53
33.68
37.18
44.50
41.25
38.92
32.00
28.79
35.99
39.29
31.65
42.52
71.90
61.07
63.67
86.60
†Source: McCloskey Coal Information Service.
‡Price is for CAPP 12,500Btu, 1.2 SO2 coal, fob. Source: Platts.
Note: CAPP = Central Appalachian; cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.
32
US Central
Appalachian coal
spot price index‡
29.01
28.53
29.85
31.72
27.01
29.86
29.76
31.00
31.29
29.90
49.74
32.95
38.48
64.33
70.14
62.98
51.12
Japan coking
coal import
cif price
Japan steam
coal import
cif price
60.45
57.82
55.26
51.77
54.47
56.68
55.51
50.76
42.83
39.69
41.33
42.01
41.57
60.96
89.33
93.46
88.24
50.30
48.45
45.71
43.66
47.58
49.54
45.53
40.51
35.74
34.58
37.96
36.90
34.74
51.34
62.91
63.04
69.86
Proved reserves at end 2007
Thousand million tonnes (anthracite and bituminous coal shown in brackets)
272.2 (102.0)
257.5 (154.2)
250.5 (116.6)
49.6 (49.4)
16.3 (7.2)
1.4 (1.4)
Middle East
S. & Cent. America Africa
Production
North America
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
Consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Million tonnes oil equivalent
1900
1900
1800
1800
1700
1700
1600
1600
1500
1500
1400
1400
1300
1300
1200
1200
1100
1100
1000
1000
900
900
800
800
700
700
600
600
500
500
400
400
300
300
200
200
100
100
1997
2007
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle East
& Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
North
America
S. & Cent.
America
Europe &
Eurasia
Middle East
& Africa
Asia
Pacific
0
World coal consumption grew by 4.5%, well above the 10-year average. Coal was the world's fastest-growing fuel for the fifth consecutive year. Growth was above average
in all regions except the Middle East. Chinese consumption growth accounted for more than two-thirds of global growth.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
33
Production*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
584.9
43.0
4.5
632.5
603.2
40.8
4.8
648.8
584.3
39.2
4.9
628.3
570.1
37.1
5.4
612.6
590.3
37.6
5.3
633.2
570.1
34.9
5.3
610.2
553.6
32.2
4.6
590.4
572.4
34.7
4.7
611.8
580.2
35.6
5.2
620.9
595.1
34.5
5.5
635.2
2.1
21.0
3.9
0.9
27.9
2.0
21.9
4.7
0.8
29.5
2.1
21.3
4.8
0.5
28.7
2.9
24.9
5.8
0.4
33.9
2.1
28.5
5.6
0.5
36.8
1.9
25.7
5.9
0.4
33.9
1.8
32.5
5.1
0.5
39.9
2.0
34.9
5.9
0.2
43.0
2.4
39.4
5.3
0.3
47.3
4.9
27.9
4.3
66.9
7.7
3.3
37.3
92.1
7.4
109.3
9.8
13.1
39.8
29.4
15.9
469.2
5.0
26.0
3.6
61.3
8.1
3.0
36.0
79.6
5.7
103.9
9.3
13.9
39.9
25.0
16.7
437.0
4.2
23.1
3.3
59.4
8.0
3.1
30.0
77.0
5.1
112.1
8.6
13.3
42.3
22.5
13.4
425.3
4.4
25.0
2.3
56.5
8.2
2.9
38.5
71.3
6.4
116.0
8.0
13.9
42.0
19.0
14.0
428.6
4.4
25.4
1.5
54.1
8.5
2.9
40.7
71.7
7.1
122.6
7.6
14.2
43.5
19.4
14.4
438.2
4.4
24.3
1.1
55.0
9.1
2.7
37.8
71.3
6.6
117.3
7.2
11.5
42.8
18.2
15.3
424.6
4.6
24.2
1.3
54.1
9.5
2.8
43.3
71.4
7.0
127.1
6.8
10.5
41.7
17.2
15.8
437.2
4.5
23.5
0.4
54.7
9.6
2.4
44.4
70.5
6.7
131.7
6.7
10.5
42.2
15.3
15.6
438.7
0.6
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.6
124.6
3.4
1.2
129.2
127.1
3.5
1.4
132.0
125.6
3.2
1.3
130.1
126.6
2.8
1.2
130.7
126.1
2.9
1.2
130.2
124.1
2.5
1.3
128.0
Australia
China
India
Indonesia
Japan
New Zealand
Pakistan
South Korea
Thailand
Vietnam
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
148.3
690.0
126.3
33.7
2.4
2.0
1.4
2.0
6.9
6.4
17.2
1036.5
149.8
628.7
126.5
38.3
2.0
2.0
1.5
2.0
6.1
6.4
15.7
978.9
160.8
645.9
124.4
45.3
2.2
2.1
1.5
1.9
5.7
4.9
18.0
1012.8
166.3
656.7
132.2
47.4
1.7
2.2
1.4
1.9
5.1
6.5
19.3
1040.8
179.9
697.6
133.6
56.5
1.8
2.4
1.5
1.7
5.6
7.5
19.7
1107.8
TOTAL WORLD
2295.8
2226.8
2225.9
2247.1
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
256.4
1043.5
187.5
1064.8
229.2
1036.0
180.8
1010.0
216.7
1015.2
185.5
1025.3
206.6
993.7
197.4
1056.0
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Brazil
Colombia
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Poland
Romania
Russian Federation
Spain
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Total Middle East
South Africa
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Total Africa
587.2
36.9
5.9
629.9
2007
share
of total
–1.3%
6.7%
6.5%
–0.8%
18.7%
1.2%
0.2%
20.1%
2.2
43.7
5.4
0.8
52.2
2.2
0.3%
46.6
6.6%
5.9
7.7%
0.6 –20.1%
55.3
6.0%
0.1%
1.5%
0.2%
4.4
23.5
0.2
53.2
9.4
2.0
44.2
68.7
6.6
139.2
6.4
12.8
40.9
12.5
14.7
438.7
4.6
23.7
0.2
50.3
8.6
2.1
49.1
67.0
7.3
145.1
6.2
13.4
41.7
11.3
15.6
446.1
5.1 10.0%
23.6 –0.5%
0.1 –40.0%
51.5
2.5%
8.2 –3.6%
2.0 –1.4%
48.3 –1.7%
62.3 –7.0%
7.4
1.3%
148.2
2.1%
6.0 –4.0%
15.8 17.7%
39.6 –4.9%
10.4 –8.1%
16.9
8.3%
445.4 –0.2%
0.6
0.6
0.5
0.5
–
◆
134.1
1.8
1.2
137.1
137.2
2.4
1.2
140.9
137.7
1.9
1.1
140.7
144.7
1.4
1.1
147.1
151.8
1.4
1.1
154.2
4.9%
0.5%
–
4.8%
4.8%
184.5
733.7
138.5
63.6
0.8
2.7
1.6
1.5
5.7
9.2
19.0
1160.7
190.1
868.4
144.4
69.5
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.5
5.3
10.8
19.6
1315.0
198.8
1012.1
155.7
79.4
0.7
3.2
1.5
1.4
5.6
14.7
20.8
1494.0
206.5
1119.8
162.1
93.9
0.6
3.2
1.6
1.3
5.8
18.3
22.1
1635.2
211.0
1205.1
170.2
111.4
0.7
3.5
1.7
1.3
5.3
21.8
21.4
1753.4
215.4
2.1%
1289.6
7.0%
181.0
6.3%
107.5 –3.4%
0.8
4.7%
2.8 –20.9%
1.6 –7.2%
1.3
2.3%
5.1 –3.9%
23.1
5.9%
22.1
3.3%
1850.2
5.5%
2346.7
2357.8
2520.2
2729.0
2883.5
3034.5
3135.6
205.1
1026.9
207.8
1112.1
202.5
1003.1
198.9
1155.9
201.2
986.9
212.8
1320.5
196.3
1012.4
219.4
1497.2
188.7
1022.9
225.5
1635.1
182.9
1036.6
237.0
1760.9
178.3
1033.4
237.2
1864.9
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
34
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
◆
1.8%
0.2%
0.8%
◆
1.6%
0.3%
0.1%
1.5%
2.0%
0.2%
4.7%
0.2%
0.5%
1.3%
0.3%
0.5%
14.2%
◆
◆
4.9%
6.9%
41.1%
5.8%
3.4%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
◆
0.2%
0.7%
0.7%
59.0%
3.3% 100.0%
–2.5%
–0.3%
0.1%
5.9%
5.7%
33.0%
7.6%
59.5%
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
540.4
27.9
5.7
574.1
545.7
30.8
5.9
582.3
544.9
30.5
6.0
581.4
569.0
31.8
6.2
606.9
552.2
34.0
6.8
593.0
552.0
31.6
7.6
591.1
562.5
33.4
8.6
604.5
566.1
29.9
7.0
603.0
574.2
31.7
9.1
614.9
565.7
30.9
9.1
605.7
573.7
30.4
9.2
613.3
1.4%
–1.6%
0.9%
1.3%
0.8
11.5
4.2
3.0
–
0.4
†
0.4
20.3
0.8
11.4
3.7
2.8
–
0.4
†
0.5
19.7
0.9
11.9
3.9
2.4
–
0.5
0.1
0.6
20.2
0.8
12.5
3.0
2.7
–
0.5
†
0.6
20.2
0.6
12.2
2.3
2.7
–
0.4
†
0.7
19.0
0.5
11.5
2.4
2.5
–
0.4
†
1.0
18.3
0.7
11.8
2.3
2.4
–
0.4
†
2.1
19.6
0.8
12.8
2.6
2.0
–
0.5
–
1.9
20.5
0.9
12.7
2.6
2.3
–
0.5
†
1.7
20.7
0.4
12.5
3.2
2.4
–
0.4
0.1
1.9
20.9
0.4
13.6
3.3
2.6
–
0.4
0.1
2.0
22.4
1.3%
8.8%
3.5%
10.3%
–
–
–
2.2%
7.3%
3.1
–
0.6
7.5
7.8
22.8
6.7
4.5
13.4
86.8
7.6
3.7
0.1
2.0
11.0
22.4
0.1
9.5
0.6
70.1
3.6
8.4
107.1
4.7
17.7
2.1
0.1
22.3
–
38.0
39.6
1.2
21.3
546.6
3.0
–
0.4
7.9
8.2
20.5
5.6
3.4
16.1
84.8
8.8
3.4
0.1
1.9
11.6
22.9
0.1
9.4
0.7
63.8
3.6
7.0
100.7
4.5
17.7
2.0
0.1
24.0
–
36.9
39.7
1.2
21.7
531.5
3.2
–
0.1
6.9
6.6
19.0
4.7
3.6
14.3
80.2
9.1
3.4
0.1
1.6
11.6
19.8
0.1
7.7
0.7
61.0
3.6
6.7
101.0
4.3
20.5
2.0
0.1
22.6
–
38.5
35.6
0.9
17.0
506.4
3.2
–
0.1
7.6
6.3
21.0
4.0
3.5
13.9
84.9
9.2
3.2
0.1
1.9
13.0
23.2
0.1
8.6
0.7
57.6
4.5
7.0
105.2
4.0
21.6
1.9
0.1
25.5
–
38.8
37.5
1.0
18.0
527.2
2.9
†
0.1
7.6
6.9
21.2
4.2
4.0
12.1
85.0
9.3
3.4
0.1
1.9
13.7
22.5
0.1
8.5
0.6
58.0
3.7
7.2
102.4
4.1
19.5
2.0
0.1
21.8
–
39.4
39.7
1.1
17.3
520.4
3.0
†
0.1
6.7
6.5
20.6
4.2
4.4
12.4
84.6
9.8
3.1
0.1
1.7
14.2
22.8
0.1
8.9
0.5
56.7
4.1
7.6
103.0
4.0
21.9
2.2
0.1
21.2
–
38.3
36.6
1.0
19.0
519.7
2.9
†
0.1
6.5
7.1
20.8
5.7
5.8
13.3
87.2
9.4
3.4
0.1
1.8
15.3
25.2
0.2
9.1
0.5
57.7
3.8
7.8
104.0
4.2
20.5
2.2
0.1
21.8
–
39.0
39.3
1.0
20.0
535.5
2.9
†
0.1
6.4
6.9
20.5
4.6
5.3
12.8
85.4
9.0
3.1
0.1
1.8
17.1
26.5
0.2
9.1
0.6
57.3
3.7
7.4
99.5
4.1
21.0
2.3
0.1
23.0
–
39.1
37.8
1.2
20.3
529.2
2.8
†
0.1
6.1
6.9
19.8
3.7
3.1
13.3
82.1
8.8
2.7
0.1
1.8
17.0
27.2
0.2
8.7
0.5
55.7
3.8
7.6
94.2
3.9
21.2
2.2
0.1
26.1
–
37.5
38.6
1.1
19.8
516.7
2.8
†
0.1
6.1
7.1
19.4
5.6
5.2
12.1
83.5
8.1
2.9
0.1
2.0
17.2
28.1
0.2
8.5
0.4
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
18.5
2.3
0.1
28.8
–
39.8
42.1
1.1
20.0
532.6
3.2
†
0.1
5.6
8.1
18.9
4.7
4.6
12.0
86.0
8.1
2.9
0.1
1.1
17.5
29.9
0.2
8.8
0.4
57.1
3.3
9.0
94.5
4.0
20.1
2.2
0.4
31.0
–
39.3
39.2
1.4
19.9
533.7
14.7%
–28.6%
–1.9%
–8.2%
13.3%
–2.7%
–16.0%
–11.6%
–0.5%
3.0%
0.3%
0.6%
8.4%
–45.4%
1.9%
6.4%
3.6%
4.6%
9.0%
–1.6%
–13.0%
5.9%
–2.2%
3.4%
8.8%
–2.7%
0.9
–
–
–
–
5.4
6.3
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.8
6.8
1.0
–
–
–
–
5.7
6.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
6.2
7.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.2
8.3
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.6
8.7
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
1.0
–
–
–
–
8.0
8.9
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.9
9.0
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.8
8.9
0.3
0.8
84.3
6.8
92.3
0.5
0.8
83.4
7.0
91.6
0.5
0.6
82.3
6.5
89.9
0.5
0.6
81.9
6.4
89.4
0.6
0.7
80.6
7.4
89.3
0.9
0.7
83.5
7.2
92.3
0.8
0.9
89.3
6.4
97.4
0.8
0.9
94.5
7.2
103.4
0.6
0.9
91.9
7.2
100.6
0.7
0.9
93.8
6.5
101.9
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
44.3
0.3
700.2
3.5
135.9
8.2
89.8
1.7
1.2
2.1
2.4
–
34.8
21.7
8.7
23.4
1078.1
45.8
0.1
651.9
4.4
136.1
9.3
88.4
1.6
1.1
2.1
2.7
–
36.1
23.6
7.3
21.8
1032.2
46.2
†
656.2
3.9
135.8
11.6
91.5
1.8
1.2
2.1
2.9
–
38.2
24.8
7.9
24.3
1048.3
46.5
0.3
667.4
3.7
144.2
13.7
98.9
1.9
1.1
2.0
4.3
–
43.0
28.7
7.8
25.8
1089.4
47.9
0.4
681.3
4.9
145.2
16.7
103.0
2.6
1.3
2.1
4.5
–
45.7
30.6
8.8
26.7
1121.9
51.3
0.4
713.8
5.4
151.8
18.0
106.6
3.6
1.3
2.4
4.7
–
49.1
32.7
9.2
26.4
1176.5
50.5
0.4
853.1
6.6
156.8
17.9
112.2
4.2
1.9
2.9
4.7
–
51.1
35.1
9.4
27.0
1333.7
53.1
0.4
983.0
6.6
172.3
20.2
120.8
5.7
2.0
3.8
5.0
–
53.1
36.6
10.4
30.1
1502.9
54.9
0.4
1088.8
6.7
184.4
26.1
121.3
6.3
2.2
4.1
5.7
–
54.8
38.1
5.4
31.1
1630.3
56.9
0.4
1215.0
7.0
195.1
24.2
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5
–
54.8
39.6
7.0
33.4
1771.7
53.1 –6.6%
0.4
6.5%
1311.4
7.9%
7.0 –0.7%
208.0
6.6%
27.8 15.0%
125.3
5.2%
6.9 –5.0%
1.7 –23.6%
4.6
9.3%
5.9
7.0%
–
–
59.7
8.9%
41.1
3.8%
8.9 26.0%
34.4
2.8%
1896.2
7.0%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
2317.7
334.7
1083.8
172.0
1062.0
2264.1
324.7
1086.2
163.9
1014.0
2252.9
307.4
1074.1
161.3
1017.5
2340.4
316.2
1124.0
169.1
1047.3
2351.7
316.3
1114.5
166.1
1071.1
2406.7
314.9
1120.6
166.0
1120.0
2599.7
325.2
1151.5
170.3
1277.9
2768.1
320.1
1160.1
167.6
1440.4
2892.4
311.3
1170.3
161.0
1561.0
3041.7
318.9
1169.7
166.9
1705.1
3177.5
317.9
1184.3
166.2
1827.0
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
▲
2007
share
of total
18.1%
1.0%
0.3%
19.3%
◆
0.4%
0.1%
0.1%
–
◆
◆
0.1%
0.7%
0.1%
◆
◆
0.2%
0.3%
0.6%
0.1%
0.1%
0.4%
2.7%
0.3%
0.1%
◆
◆
0.6%
0.9%
◆
0.3%
◆
1.8%
0.1%
0.3%
3.0%
0.1%
0.6%
0.1%
◆
7.8%
–
–1.2%
–6.9%
25.5%
–0.1%
0.2%
0.6%
16.8%
1.1
1.4%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.9 –36.8%
6.1 –32.1%
–
–
–
–
0.2%
0.2%
0.7
0.9
97.7
6.5
105.9
–
–
4.2%
0.7%
3.9%
1.0%
–
1.2%
1.2%
◆
◆
◆
◆
3.1%
0.2%
3.3%
1.7%
◆
41.3%
0.2%
6.5%
0.9%
3.9%
0.2%
0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
–
1.9%
1.3%
0.3%
1.1%
59.7%
4.5% 100.0%
–0.3% 10.0%
1.3% 37.3%
–0.4%
5.2%
7.1% 57.5%
*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
▲
More than 100%.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
35
Nuclear energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
149.7
18.7
2.4
170.8
160.5
16.2
2.1
178.7
173.5
16.6
2.3
192.4
179.6
16.5
1.9
197.9
183.1
17.4
2.0
202.5
185.8
17.1
2.2
205.1
181.9
16.9
2.4
201.2
187.8
20.5
2.1
210.3
186.3
20.8
2.5
209.5
187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
1.8
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.7
0.7
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.4
1.6
0.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.5
1.4
1.4
–
–
–
–
–
–
2.8
1.6
3.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
1.3
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.7
3.0
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.7
1.8
2.6
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
1.6
2.2
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.8
1.7
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
–
–
–
10.7
4.0
2.8
–
4.8
89.5
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
0.1
2.7
0.5
–
–
–
1.2
24.5
2.4
12.5
15.8
5.8
–
–
18.0
22.2
–
1.5
260.8
–
–
–
10.4
3.8
3.0
–
5.0
87.8
36.6
–
3.2
–
–
–
†
3.1
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
23.6
2.6
13.4
15.9
5.8
–
–
17.0
22.5
–
1.5
257.3
–
–
–
11.1
3.6
3.0
–
5.3
89.2
38.5
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
27.1
3.0
13.3
16.6
5.6
–
–
16.3
21.5
–
1.5
263.1
–
–
–
10.9
4.1
3.1
–
5.1
94.0
38.4
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
29.5
3.7
14.1
13.0
6.0
–
–
17.5
19.3
–
1.5
267.4
–
–
–
10.5
4.4
3.3
–
5.2
95.3
38.8
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
2.6
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
31.0
3.9
14.4
16.3
6.0
–
–
17.2
20.4
–
1.6
276.3
–
–
–
10.7
4.6
4.2
–
5.4
98.8
37.3
–
3.2
–
–
–
–
3.2
0.9
–
–
–
1.2
32.1
4.1
14.3
15.4
6.1
–
–
17.7
19.9
–
1.8
280.8
–
–
–
10.7
4.5
5.9
–
5.5
99.8
37.4
–
2.5
–
–
–
–
3.5
0.9
–
–
–
1.1
33.6
4.0
14.0
15.3
6.2
–
–
18.4
20.1
–
1.6
285.0
–
–
–
10.7
4.4
6.0
–
5.5
101.7
37.8
–
2.7
–
–
–
–
3.4
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
32.7
3.9
14.4
17.3
6.1
–
–
19.7
18.1
–
1.8
288.2
–
–
–
10.8
4.2
5.6
–
5.5
102.4
36.9
–
3.1
–
–
–
–
2.3
0.9
–
–
–
1.3
33.4
4.0
13.0
16.4
5.2
–
–
20.1
18.5
–
1.9
285.5
–
–
–
10.5
4.4
5.9
–
5.4
102.1
37.9
–
3.0
–
–
–
–
2.0
0.8
–
–
–
1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3
–
–
20.4
17.1
–
1.9
287.2
–
–
–
10.9
3.3
5.9
–
5.4
99.7
31.8
–
3.3
–
–
–
–
2.2
1.0
–
–
–
1.6
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.3
6.3
–
–
20.9
14.1
–
1.9
275.6
–
–
–
3.4%
–24.9%
0.3%
–
0.2%
–2.4%
–16.1%
–
9.0%
–
–
–
–
13.7%
21.1%
–
–
–
23.7%
2.1%
–14.9%
–8.6%
0.7%
0.4%
–
–
2.6%
–17.3%
–
0.7%
–4.0%
–
–
–
1.8%
0.5%
1.0%
–
0.9%
16.0%
5.1%
–
0.5%
–
–
–
–
0.4%
0.2%
–
–
–
0.3%
5.8%
0.6%
2.0%
2.5%
1.0%
–
–
3.4%
2.3%
–
0.3%
44.3%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.2
–
3.2
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
3.1
–
3.1
–
–
2.6
–
2.6
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
3.4
–
3.4
–
–
2.9
–
2.9
–
–
2.4
–
2.4
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
–
–
24.6%
–
24.6%
–
–
0.5%
–
0.5%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
–
–
3.3
–
2.3
–
72.8
–
–
0.1
–
–
17.4
8.2
–
–
104.1
–
–
3.2
–
2.6
–
74.0
–
–
0.1
–
–
20.3
8.3
–
–
108.5
–
–
3.4
–
2.9
–
71.9
–
–
†
–
–
23.3
8.7
–
–
110.2
–
–
3.8
–
3.6
–
72.3
–
–
0.2
–
–
24.7
8.7
–
–
113.3
–
–
4.0
–
4.3
–
72.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
25.4
8.0
–
–
114.8
–
–
5.7
–
4.4
–
71.3
–
–
0.4
–
–
27.0
8.9
–
–
117.7
–
–
9.8
–
4.1
–
52.1
–
–
0.4
–
–
29.3
8.8
–
–
104.6
–
–
11.4
–
3.8
–
64.7
–
–
0.5
–
–
29.6
8.9
–
–
119.0
–
–
12.0
–
4.0
–
66.3
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.2
9.0
–
–
125.2
–
–
12.4
–
4.0
–
68.9
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.7
9.0
–
–
128.6
–
–
–
–
14.2 14.6%
–
–
4.0
1.1%
–
–
63.1 –8.3%
–
–
–
–
0.5 –13.8%
–
–
–
–
32.3 –3.9%
9.2
1.7%
–
–
–
–
123.4 –4.0%
–
–
2.3%
–
0.6%
–
10.1%
–
–
0.1%
–
–
5.2%
1.5%
–
–
19.8%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
541.3
212.2
469.9
45.6
25.8
550.2
210.5
480.2
44.0
26.0
571.2
213.6
498.7
46.2
26.4
584.5
213.9
506.5
49.4
28.6
600.9
221.6
518.7
51.2
31.0
610.9
224.5
523.6
53.4
33.9
598.7
226.3
504.9
56.0
37.7
625.4
229.2
529.6
56.4
39.4
627.0
226.1
531.4
56.4
39.1
634.9
224.5
536.3
58.4
40.2
622.0
211.7
520.6
59.9
41.5
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
192.1
21.1
2.4
215.6
2.4%
–4.1%
–4.4%
1.7%
30.9%
3.4%
0.4%
34.7%
1.6 –6.0%
2.8 –10.1%
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4 –8.7%
0.3%
0.4%
–
–
–
–
–
–
0.7%
–2.0% 100.0%
–5.7% 34.0%
–2.9% 83.7%
2.6%
9.6%
3.3%
6.7%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern
thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
36
Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent
700
Rest of World
Asia Pacific
Europe & Eurasia
600
North America
500
400
300
200
100
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Global nuclear power generation experienced the largest decline on record, falling by 2%. More than 90% of the net decline was concentrated in Germany and Japan.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
37
Hydroelectricity
Consumption*
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
81.5
79.4
6.0
166.9
73.9
75.1
5.6
154.6
73.0
77.8
7.4
158.3
63.0
81.1
7.5
151.6
49.6
75.5
6.4
131.5
60.4
79.4
5.6
145.4
63.0
76.4
4.5
143.9
61.3
77.1
5.7
144.2
61.8
82.3
6.2
150.3
66.1
80.4
6.9
153.4
56.8 –14.2%
83.3
3.6%
6.1 –10.7%
146.2 –4.7%
8.0%
11.7%
0.9%
20.6%
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
6.4
63.1
4.3
7.1
1.5
3.0
13.0
17.2
115.6
6.0
66.0
3.6
6.9
1.5
3.1
13.1
17.3
117.5
4.9
66.3
3.1
7.6
1.6
3.3
13.7
17.7
118.2
6.5
68.9
4.3
6.9
1.7
3.7
14.2
18.5
124.8
8.4
60.6
4.9
7.1
1.6
4.0
13.7
17.0
117.3
8.1
64.7
5.2
7.6
1.7
4.1
13.5
17.9
122.9
7.7
69.2
5.2
8.1
1.6
4.2
13.7
18.3
127.9
6.9
72.6
4.9
9.0
1.7
4.0
15.9
17.9
132.8
7.9
76.4
6.0
9.0
1.6
4.1
17.6
18.5
140.9
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.7
1.8
4.4
18.6
19.5
149.3
8.5 –13.2%
84.1
6.5%
5.4 –18.5%
10.1
4.1%
2.2 26.7%
4.4 –0.5%
19.0
1.9%
19.4 –0.3%
153.1
2.5%
1.2%
11.9%
0.8%
1.4%
0.3%
0.6%
2.7%
2.7%
21.6%
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
8.4
0.4
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.7
15.3
4.7
0.9
†
1.2
0.2
10.6
1.5
0.2
†
25.1
0.9
3.0
4.0
35.6
1.0
8.5
15.6
8.0
8.8
–
2.3
1.3
1.3
15.2
178.3
8.8
0.4
†
0.6
0.8
0.4
†
3.3
14.9
4.8
0.9
†
1.3
0.3
10.7
1.4
0.2
†
26.3
1.0
3.0
4.3
35.9
1.0
8.8
16.7
7.8
9.6
–
3.6
1.5
1.3
15.6
185.2
9.4
0.3
†
0.5
0.7
0.5
†
2.9
17.6
5.3
1.1
†
1.4
0.2
11.7
1.4
0.2
†
27.6
1.0
1.7
4.1
36.4
1.1
7.0
16.2
9.3
7.8
–
3.3
1.9
1.3
16.8
188.7
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.6
0.5
†
3.3
16.4
5.9
0.9
†
1.4
0.3
11.5
1.7
0.1
†
32.2
0.9
2.7
3.3
37.4
1.1
8.3
17.8
8.7
7.0
–
2.6
1.8
1.3
15.9
194.5
9.8
0.3
†
0.6
0.4
0.6
†
3.1
18.0
6.3
0.6
†
1.5
0.2
12.2
1.8
0.2
†
27.4
1.0
3.3
3.4
39.8
1.2
9.9
17.9
9.7
5.4
–
2.8
1.5
1.2
15.4
195.3
9.5
0.5
†
0.6
0.6
0.6
†
2.4
15.1
6.4
0.8
†
1.6
0.3
10.7
2.0
0.2
†
29.4
0.9
1.9
3.6
37.2
1.2
6.0
15.0
8.3
7.6
–
2.2
1.7
1.6
15.1
183.1
8.7
0.6
†
0.5
0.7
0.4
†
2.1
14.7
5.5
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
10.0
2.0
0.2
†
24.0
0.7
3.6
3.0
35.6
0.8
9.9
12.1
8.3
8.0
–
2.1
1.3
1.7
16.0
175.8
8.3
0.6
†
0.5
0.7
0.6
†
3.4
14.7
6.2
1.2
†
1.6
0.2
11.3
1.8
0.2
†
24.7
0.8
2.3
3.7
40.8
1.0
7.8
12.7
8.0
10.4
–
2.7
1.7
1.6
17.1
186.9
8.3
0.7
†
0.6
1.1
0.7
†
3.1
12.8
6.2
1.3
†
1.6
0.2
9.7
1.8
0.2
†
30.9
0.9
1.2
4.6
39.6
1.1
5.2
16.5
7.5
9.0
–
2.8
1.8
1.4
17.3
187.7
7.7
0.6
†
0.6
1.0
0.7
†
2.6
13.9
6.1
1.5
†
1.6
0.3
9.8
1.8
0.2
†
27.1
0.7
2.7
4.2
39.6
1.0
6.7
14.0
7.4
10.0
–
2.9
1.9
1.4
16.6
184.6
7.9
0.5
†
0.6
0.8
0.6
†
3.2
14.4
6.2
0.7
†
1.9
0.3
8.8
1.8
0.2
†
30.6
0.7
2.3
3.6
40.5
1.0
7.4
15.0
8.3
8.0
–
2.3
2.1
1.4
17.3
188.6
2.6%
–6.1%
–
–0.3%
–16.8%
–23.5%
21.7%
22.5%
3.4%
2.6%
–49.7%
12.9%
15.8%
–6.4%
–10.1%
3.0%
19.5%
2.8%
12.9%
–2.3%
–11.8%
–13.4%
2.2%
–0.1%
11.1%
7.3%
11.7%
–19.8%
–
–21.3%
11.5%
–
4.0%
2.2%
4.3%
0.1%
0.3%
0.5%
5.7%
0.1%
1.0%
2.1%
1.2%
1.1%
–
0.3%
0.3%
0.2%
2.4%
26.6%
1.3
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.4
1.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.8
1.2
–
–
–
–
0.7
1.9
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.8
0.9
–
–
–
–
1.0
1.9
1.8
–
–
–
–
1.1
2.9
2.2
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.2
2.7
–
–
–
–
1.1
3.8
2.9
–
–
–
–
1.1
4.0
4.0
–
–
–
–
1.0
5.0
4.1
–
–
–
–
1.0
5.1
3.5%
–
–
–
–
–0.1%
2.8%
0.6%
–
–
–
–
0.1%
0.7%
†
2.7
1.1
11.6
15.5
†
3.1
0.9
12.2
16.2
†
3.4
0.8
13.7
17.9
†
3.2
0.9
13.4
17.6
†
3.3
0.8
14.1
18.2
†
3.2
0.9
15.2
19.3
0.1
2.9
0.8
15.5
19.3
0.1
2.9
0.8
16.8
20.5
0.1
2.9
0.8
17.3
21.1
†
2.9
0.9
17.9
21.7
0.1
2.9
1.2
18.0
22.2
77.6%
–
34.5%
0.8%
2.3%
0.4%
0.2%
2.5%
3.1%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
3.8
0.2
44.4
–
15.9
1.2
21.2
0.9
5.2
4.2
1.4
–
1.2
2.0
1.6
7.0
110.1
3.7
0.2
47.1
–
18.9
2.2
23.6
1.1
5.7
5.5
1.1
–
1.4
2.3
1.2
6.9
120.8
3.7
0.2
46.1
–
18.6
2.1
21.0
1.7
5.3
4.9
1.8
–
1.4
1.9
0.8
7.7
117.1
3.7
0.2
50.3
–
17.4
2.3
20.7
1.7
5.6
4.0
1.8
–
1.3
1.9
1.4
8.1
120.2
3.7
0.2
62.8
–
16.3
2.6
20.8
1.5
5.1
4.1
1.6
–
0.9
2.0
1.4
9.0
132.0
3.6
0.2
65.2
–
15.5
2.3
21.1
1.2
5.7
4.6
1.6
–
1.2
1.4
1.7
8.9
134.1
3.7
0.3
64.2
–
15.7
2.1
23.3
1.3
5.4
5.8
1.8
–
1.6
1.5
1.7
9.6
137.7
3.6
0.3
80.0
–
19.0
2.2
23.1
1.3
6.2
5.5
1.9
–
1.3
1.4
1.4
9.3
156.5
3.5
0.3
89.8
–
22.0
2.4
19.5
1.3
5.3
6.9
1.9
–
1.1
1.7
1.3
9.0
166.2
3.8
0.3
98.6
–
25.4
2.4
21.8
1.4
5.3
6.8
2.2
–
1.2
1.7
1.8
10.3
183.1
3.8 –0.7%
0.3
3.7%
109.3 10.8%
–
–
27.7
8.9%
2.0 –18.2%
18.9 –13.4%
1.4
4.0%
5.3
0.7%
7.5
9.7%
1.9 –13.8%
–
–
1.1 –3.1%
1.8
3.9%
1.8
0.1%
11.1
7.6%
194.0
5.9%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
588.7
80.3
315.5
49.3
223.9
597.1
83.7
310.6
51.1
235.3
602.1
84.6
313.8
51.5
236.8
610.4
87.4
313.8
52.1
244.5
596.3
91.5
292.0
54.2
250.1
607.8
79.0
297.1
52.0
258.7
607.7
77.1
291.7
51.2
264.9
644.7
79.1
296.0
56.9
291.8
670.4
76.8
298.2
55.9
316.3
697.2
76.9
301.9
55.6
339.7
709.2
77.3
295.6
56.5
357.1
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
2007
share
of total
1.1%
0.1%
◆
0.1%
0.1%
0.1%
◆
0.4%
2.0%
0.9%
0.1%
◆
0.3%
◆
1.2%
0.3%
◆
◆
◆
0.5%
◆
15.4%
–
3.9%
0.3%
2.7%
0.2%
0.8%
1.1%
0.3%
–
0.2%
0.2%
0.3%
1.6%
27.3%
1.7% 100.0%
0.5% 10.9%
–2.1% 41.7%
1.7%
8.0%
5.1% 50.4%
*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern
thermal power station.
†Less than 0.05.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at www.bp.com/statisticalreview.
38
Consumption by region
Million tonnes oil equivalent
800
Asia Pacific
Middle East & Africa
Europe & Eurasia
700
S. & Cent. America
North America
600
500
400
300
200
100
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
0
Growth in global hydroelectric power generation was 1.7%, slightly below the historical average. New capacity in China and Brazil and improved rainfall in Canada
and northern Europe offset drought conditions in the US and southern Europe.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
39
Primary energy
Consumption*
Million tonnes oil equivalent
Change
2007 over
2007
2006
2007
share
of total
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2204.8
289.7
122.2
2616.8
2219.2
283.9
128.8
2631.8
2257.6
290.8
131.2
2679.5
2309.5
300.9
135.6
2746.1
2254.9
296.7
134.1
2685.6
2289.2
301.4
134.2
2724.8
2296.7
310.5
139.2
2746.4
2341.9
313.7
142.4
2798.0
2342.7
323.4
147.0
2813.1
2322.3
320.2
151.5
2794.0
2361.4
321.7
55.8
167.5
21.9
27.8
8.1
10.9
61.1
79.6
432.8
58.1
173.7
21.9
27.3
8.2
11.3
63.8
82.8
447.1
57.5
178.0
22.8
25.2
7.7
11.7
59.8
84.9
447.7
58.9
182.8
24.0
25.4
7.7
11.9
61.9
86.7
459.2
57.7
179.5
24.4
26.3
7.7
11.7
65.2
89.3
461.8
54.3
183.6
24.7
25.7
7.7
11.8
66.1
91.4
465.4
58.7
186.0
25.2
26.0
7.8
11.6
58.5
95.9
469.6
62.2
193.2
26.1
26.8
8.2
12.3
65.6
96.6
491.1
66.8
198.8
27.9
27.4
9.3
13.7
68.8
100.5
513.3
70.5
204.3
29.2
29.2
9.8
12.9
70.1
107.1
533.0
30.7
11.1
22.7
60.3
20.7
41.7
21.7
25.1
241.0
337.8
27.2
23.8
2.1
11.6
163.9
40.7
8.6
84.7
39.3
98.6
20.5
45.2
611.7
17.1
111.7
50.4
28.9
69.9
12.1
138.9
220.4
50.5
74.1
2764.8
31.6
11.1
22.5
63.0
20.7
39.9
20.6
25.6
247.2
334.5
28.6
23.8
2.2
12.4
168.5
39.4
9.2
84.5
40.4
94.1
22.7
41.3
612.1
17.6
118.1
51.6
29.1
72.4
12.6
133.7
223.5
51.9
74.0
2780.2
32.3
11.1
21.4
64.1
18.0
38.5
19.9
25.7
251.5
328.5
30.2
23.7
2.3
13.2
173.7
35.4
7.8
83.2
41.5
91.1
23.3
36.9
618.0
17.5
122.7
51.6
30.1
71.0
13.8
136.5
222.5
53.5
67.6
2778.2
32.2
11.5
21.7
66.4
17.8
40.0
18.8
26.0
254.9
330.5
31.9
23.0
2.4
13.9
176.4
41.0
7.0
86.4
45.9
88.4
24.8
37.0
635.2
18.1
129.2
48.6
29.4
76.6
14.9
136.7
224.2
51.4
67.0
2829.2
33.3
11.3
21.9
64.0
18.4
41.5
18.6
26.4
258.4
336.2
31.8
24.1
2.5
14.6
177.2
42.3
8.1
88.3
41.0
88.6
25.0
37.3
630.9
18.6
133.0
52.1
31.4
71.5
15.3
135.9
226.8
54.8
68.2
2849.3
33.3
11.1
22.1
64.9
18.6
41.5
18.4
26.7
256.7
330.1
32.8
23.4
2.6
14.5
175.9
44.1
8.6
89.0
42.9
87.1
25.0
38.6
645.8
18.7
134.7
48.5
29.5
75.1
15.8
134.1
221.8
56.2
70.1
2858.0
34.2
12.0
22.2
68.5
20.0
43.6
19.6
28.9
259.8
332.1
32.4
23.8
2.6
14.2
181.5
47.9
9.1
90.4
38.3
88.5
25.3
37.8
650.2
18.1
141.2
46.2
29.3
79.9
17.4
134.0
225.6
52.4
74.2
2901.2
33.5
12.9
24.2
71.0
19.3
44.7
18.3
28.6
263.4
330.7
34.0
23.8
2.7
14.6
184.5
51.2
9.2
93.1
39.0
90.9
24.8
39.0
658.0
17.6
145.5
48.3
28.9
85.3
18.2
141.3
227.0
49.5
77.5
2950.7
34.2
14.0
24.0
72.2
19.7
44.6
17.4
26.2
262.8
325.2
33.8
25.2
2.7
14.9
184.6
56.5
8.4
94.7
45.1
90.7
24.8
39.8
653.7
18.7
147.3
50.8
27.9
89.3
19.3
140.0
227.3
47.6
79.6
2963.2
33.1
13.9
24.6
73.6
20.7
44.7
19.5
27.5
260.6
329.5
34.6
25.0
2.7
15.6
183.4
59.6
8.1
92.7
41.5
94.4
24.5
40.6
687.7
18.1
147.2
48.9
29.1
96.9
21.6
138.5
224.4
47.0
80.1
3009.7
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
104.5
15.3
14.6
104.8
43.9
85.8
368.9
106.8
17.7
14.9
110.8
41.7
88.6
380.4
113.5
18.1
14.1
111.4
42.0
90.6
389.6
121.0
19.0
10.3
116.4
41.1
94.2
402.0
127.8
18.2
11.7
120.2
43.7
97.5
419.0
141.4
18.6
12.5
123.7
48.6
98.8
443.6
148.9
20.3
13.2
131.7
50.4
99.3
463.9
161.4
23.6
15.9
142.8
53.5
104.3
501.6
171.0
26.7
19.6
151.4
55.4
109.7
533.7
179.6
25.6
21.0
158.8
58.0
114.4
557.3
182.9
25.4
22.6
167.6
60.9
114.8
574.1
1.8%
–0.9%
7.4%
5.6%
5.1%
0.3%
3.0%
1.6%
0.2%
0.2%
1.5%
0.5%
1.0%
5.2%
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
26.5
39.9
109.4
85.5
261.2
27.5
41.9
108.8
88.4
266.7
27.9
44.7
107.9
92.0
272.5
26.9
47.5
108.4
93.4
276.1
27.9
49.4
107.0
95.5
279.8
28.9
49.5
110.9
97.4
286.8
30.2
51.9
117.3
100.0
299.5
31.3
54.2
123.6
106.0
315.1
32.7
56.8
120.4
110.7
320.5
33.6
58.7
122.4
113.6
328.3
34.7
63.2
127.8
118.8
344.4
3.2%
7.8%
4.4%
4.5%
4.9%
0.3%
0.6%
1.2%
1.1%
3.1%
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
102.5
10.6
961.4
15.6
260.6
82.8
506.6
37.8
17.2
41.2
22.6
33.8
179.6
74.9
62.7
53.1
2462.9
104.3
11.0
917.4
15.9
272.1
81.5
499.2
37.3
17.0
43.3
22.9
34.7
165.5
78.8
59.7
53.0
2413.6
106.1
11.0
934.7
16.2
280.1
89.3
504.1
38.3
17.4
45.2
22.7
32.9
180.5
88.2
61.4
57.3
2485.2
106.3
12.7
967.3
16.1
295.1
93.9
512.4
45.8
17.8
45.5
22.6
35.0
191.1
94.5
63.7
60.9
2580.8
109.5
14.1
1000.6
19.4
296.5
100.0
510.9
47.8
18.0
46.1
22.7
40.5
195.9
94.6
65.6
63.9
2646.2
113.1
14.8
1058.3
20.8
307.8
104.9
507.9
51.2
18.5
45.9
23.5
39.9
205.0
98.0
71.5
64.6
2745.6
112.6
15.7
1229.3
21.2
316.2
105.2
508.3
52.0
17.9
47.6
24.4
38.7
211.8
103.9
77.0
66.5
2948.3
116.1
16.6
1429.0
24.3
343.9
112.6
519.0
51.9
18.5
50.4
24.9
44.1
217.3
107.4
83.3
73.8
3232.9
118.0
18.3
1560.5
22.8
362.2
116.3
521.9
55.5
17.8
54.1
25.3
46.8
224.9
109.5
80.5
79.1
3413.7
123.7
19.2
1729.8
24.4
378.5
111.4
522.3
58.1
17.9
56.6
23.6
50.0
227.2
112.0
82.7
83.3
3620.7
121.8
20.3
1863.4
26.5
404.4
114.6
517.5
57.4
17.4
58.3
24.9
53.4
234.0
115.1
85.6
87.3
3801.8
–1.6%
5.5%
7.7%
8.4%
6.8%
2.9%
–0.9%
–1.2%
–2.6%
3.0%
5.4%
6.8%
3.0%
2.8%
3.5%
4.8%
5.0%
1.1%
0.2%
16.8%
0.2%
3.6%
1.0%
4.7%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
0.2%
0.5%
2.1%
1.0%
0.8%
0.8%
34.3%
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
8907.3
1677.9
5151.1
921.2
2835.0
8919.8
1694.4
5169.5
916.6
2833.8
9052.8
1691.0
5245.9
919.3
2887.7
9293.3
1710.4
5361.7
940.5
2991.1
9341.7
1737.5
5324.7
941.8
3075.1
9524.2
1724.0
5362.2
958.8
3203.2
9828.9 10289.4 10557.6 10843.0 11099.3
1756.2 1778.1 1780.0 1783.4 1744.5
5420.9 5519.2 5556.3 5552.4 5566.4
968.4
989.1
989.5 1027.1 1035.2
3439.6 3781.0 4011.7 4263.4 4497.8
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
2838.6
1.7%
0.5%
2.7%
1.6%
21.3%
2.9%
1.4%
25.6%
73.7
216.8
28.6
30.0
10.6
13.8
71.4
107.9
552.9
4.5%
6.1%
–1.7%
2.6%
8.0%
7.6%
1.9%
0.8%
3.7%
0.7%
2.0%
0.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.1%
0.6%
1.0%
5.0%
32.6 –1.6%
12.5 –10.0%
24.5 –0.2%
73.6 –0.1%
20.4 –1.3%
43.3 –3.2%
18.2 –6.9%
27.4 –0.3%
255.1 –2.1%
311.0 –5.6%
34.1 –1.4%
24.5 –1.8%
3.0 11.9%
15.0 –3.5%
179.6 –2.0%
60.2
0.8%
9.0 11.3%
91.8 –1.0%
45.0
8.6%
◆
94.4
24.0 –2.2%
39.7 –2.2%
692.0
0.6%
17.5 –3.1%
150.3
2.1%
50.2
2.6%
28.9 –0.4%
101.7
5.0%
24.4 13.2%
136.0 –1.8%
215.9 –3.8%
49.6
5.5%
81.9
2.3%
2987.5 –0.7%
0.3%
0.1%
0.2%
0.7%
0.2%
0.4%
0.2%
0.2%
2.3%
2.8%
0.3%
0.2%
155.5
2.4% 100.0%
–2.2% 15.7%
0.3% 50.2%
0.8%
9.3%
5.5% 40.5%
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
◆
Less than 0.05%.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
40
◆
0.1%
1.6%
0.5%
0.1%
0.8%
0.4%
0.9%
0.2%
0.4%
6.2%
0.2%
1.4%
0.5%
0.3%
0.9%
0.2%
1.2%
1.9%
0.4%
0.7%
26.9%
Consumption by fuel*
2006
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
2007
Nuclear
HydroCoal
energy electricity
Oil
Natural
gas
Total
Oil
Natural
gas
943.8
99.6
86.8
1130.2
559.2
87.3
46.2
692.7
565.7
30.9
9.1
605.7
187.5
22.0
2.5
212.0
66.1
80.4
6.9
153.4
2322.3
320.2
151.5
2794.0
943.1
102.3
89.2
1134.7
595.7
84.6
48.7
728.9
573.7
30.4
9.2
613.3
192.1
21.1
2.4
215.6
56.8
83.3
6.1
146.2
2361.4
321.7
155.5
2838.6
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Venezuela
Other S. & Cent. America
Total S. & Cent. America
21.0
91.2
12.3
10.6
7.8
6.4
26.3
64.2
239.9
37.6
18.5
7.1
6.6
0.2
1.6
25.1
21.4
118.2
0.4
12.5
3.2
2.4
–
0.4
0.1
1.9
20.9
1.7
3.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.8
9.8
78.9
6.6
9.7
1.8
4.4
18.6
19.5
149.3
70.5
204.3
29.2
29.2
9.8
12.9
70.1
107.1
533.0
23.5
96.5
16.0
10.3
8.1
6.6
26.8
64.1
252.0
39.7
19.8
4.0
6.9
0.2
2.4
25.6
22.4
121.1
0.4
13.6
3.3
2.6
–
0.4
0.1
2.0
22.4
1.6
2.8
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.4
8.5
84.1
5.4
10.1
2.2
4.4
19.0
19.4
153.1
73.7
216.8
28.6
30.0
10.6
13.8
71.4
107.9
552.9
Austria
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Belgium & Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
Republic of Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Lithuania
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russian Federation
Slovakia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Ukraine
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Other Europe & Eurasia
Total Europe & Eurasia
14.2
4.9
6.8
41.1
5.4
9.8
9.3
10.6
92.9
123.6
22.1
7.8
1.0
9.3
86.7
11.0
2.8
49.0
10.0
23.3
14.4
10.3
127.1
3.4
78.1
16.6
12.6
30.7
4.5
15.0
82.3
5.6
26.9
969.0
8.5
8.4
17.6
15.3
2.7
8.9
4.6
3.8
39.7
78.5
2.9
11.3
–
4.0
69.7
18.8
2.9
34.4
4.0
12.3
3.7
16.4
388.9
5.7
30.3
0.9
2.7
27.4
17.0
60.4
81.0
38.9
14.8
1036.3
2.8
†
0.1
6.1
7.1
19.4
5.6
5.2
12.1
83.5
8.1
2.9
0.1
2.0
17.2
28.1
0.2
8.5
0.4
58.0
3.8
8.5
96.7
3.8
18.5
2.3
0.1
28.8
–
39.8
42.1
1.1
20.0
532.6
–
–
–
10.5
4.4
5.9
–
5.4
102.1
37.9
–
3.0
–
–
–
–
2.0
0.8
–
–
–
1.3
35.4
4.1
13.6
15.2
6.3
–
–
20.4
17.1
–
1.9
287.2
7.7
0.6
†
0.6
1.0
0.7
†
2.6
13.9
6.1
1.5
†
1.6
0.3
9.8
1.8
0.2
†
27.1
0.7
2.7
4.2
39.6
1.0
6.7
14.0
7.4
10.0
–
2.9
1.9
1.4
16.6
184.6
33.1
13.9
24.6
73.6
20.7
44.7
19.5
27.5
260.6
329.5
34.6
25.0
2.7
15.6
183.4
59.6
8.1
92.7
41.5
94.4
24.5
40.6
687.7
18.1
147.2
48.9
29.1
96.9
21.6
138.5
224.4
47.0
80.1
3009.7
13.5
4.5
7.0
41.2
5.4
9.9
9.3
10.6
91.3
112.5
21.6
7.6
1.0
9.4
83.3
10.6
2.9
48.5
10.1
24.3
14.4
10.8
125.9
3.8
78.7
16.8
11.3
31.1
4.7
15.3
78.2
5.8
27.7
949.4
8.0
7.4
17.5
15.2
2.8
8.0
4.1
3.7
37.7
74.5
3.6
10.6
–
4.3
70.0
17.8
3.4
33.4
3.8
12.3
3.9
14.7
394.9
5.3
31.6
0.9
2.6
31.6
19.7
58.2
82.3
41.1
15.1
1040.1
3.2
†
0.1
5.6
8.1
18.9
4.7
4.6
12.0
86.0
8.1
2.9
0.1
1.1
17.5
29.9
0.2
8.8
0.4
57.1
3.3
9.0
94.5
4.0
20.1
2.2
0.4
31.0
–
39.3
39.2
1.4
19.9
533.7
–
–
–
10.9
3.3
5.9
–
5.4
99.7
31.8
–
3.3
–
–
–
–
2.2
1.0
–
–
–
1.6
36.2
3.5
12.5
15.3
6.3
–
–
20.9
14.1
–
1.9
275.6
7.9
0.5
†
0.6
0.8
0.6
†
3.2
14.4
6.2
0.7
†
1.9
0.3
8.8
1.8
0.2
†
30.6
0.7
2.3
3.6
40.5
1.0
7.4
15.0
8.3
8.0
–
2.3
2.1
1.4
17.3
188.6
32.6
12.5
24.5
73.6
20.4
43.3
18.2
27.4
255.1
311.0
34.1
24.5
3.0
15.0
179.6
60.2
9.0
91.8
45.0
94.4
24.0
39.7
692.0
17.5
150.3
50.2
28.9
101.7
24.4
136.0
215.9
49.6
81.9
2987.5
Iran
Kuwait
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Middle East
Total Middle East
76.7
14.0
3.4
92.6
20.5
74.0
281.2
97.8
11.6
17.6
66.2
37.5
31.5
262.2
1.1
–
–
–
–
7.8
8.9
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.0
–
–
–
–
1.0
5.0
179.6
25.6
21.0
158.8
58.0
114.4
557.3
77.0
14.0
4.1
99.3
22.0
77.0
293.5
100.7
11.3
18.5
68.3
38.9
31.8
269.4
1.1
–
–
–
–
4.9
6.1
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
4.1
–
–
–
–
1.0
5.1
182.9
25.4
22.6
167.6
60.9
114.8
574.1
Algeria
Egypt
South Africa
Other Africa
Total Africa
11.5
28.7
25.3
66.7
132.1
21.4
26.2
–
22.5
70.1
0.7
0.9
93.8
6.5
101.9
–
–
2.4
–
2.4
†
2.9
0.9
17.9
21.7
33.6
58.7
122.4
113.6
328.3
12.0
30.6
25.8
69.8
138.2
22.0
28.8
–
24.4
75.2
0.7
0.9
97.7
6.5
105.9
–
–
3.0
–
3.0
0.1
2.9
1.2
18.0
22.2
34.7
63.2
127.8
118.8
344.4
Australia
Bangladesh
China
China Hong Kong SAR
India
Indonesia
Japan
Malaysia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
South Korea
Taiwan
Thailand
Other Asia Pacific
Total Asia Pacific
41.4
4.8
353.3
14.8
120.4
53.4
237.1
22.8
7.2
17.4
13.2
44.0
105.6
51.7
43.8
27.5
1158.5
21.6
13.8
50.5
2.6
33.6
31.5
75.4
26.6
3.2
27.5
2.6
5.9
32.0
10.0
30.0
12.1
378.8
56.9
0.4
1215.0
7.0
195.1
24.2
119.1
7.3
2.2
4.2
5.5
–
54.8
39.6
7.0
33.4
1771.7
–
–
12.4
–
4.0
–
68.9
–
–
0.6
–
–
33.7
9.0
–
–
128.6
3.8
0.3
98.6
–
25.4
2.4
21.8
1.4
5.3
6.8
2.2
–
1.2
1.7
1.8
10.3
183.1
123.7
19.2
1729.8
24.4
378.5
111.4
522.3
58.1
17.9
56.6
23.6
50.0
227.2
112.0
82.7
83.3
3620.7
42.2
5.0
368.0
16.9
128.5
54.4
228.9
23.6
7.0
17.9
13.9
47.4
107.6
52.5
43.0
28.4
1185.1
22.6
14.6
60.6
2.7
36.2
30.4
81.2
25.4
3.4
27.7
3.1
5.9
33.3
10.6
31.8
13.5
403.1
53.1
0.4
1311.4
7.0
208.0
27.8
125.3
6.9
1.7
4.6
5.9
–
59.7
41.1
8.9
34.4
1896.2
–
–
14.2
–
4.0
–
63.1
–
–
0.5
–
–
32.3
9.2
–
–
123.4
3.8
0.3
109.3
–
27.7
2.0
18.9
1.4
5.3
7.5
1.9
–
1.1
1.8
1.8
11.1
194.0
121.8
20.3
1863.4
26.5
404.4
114.6
517.5
57.4
17.4
58.3
24.9
53.4
234.0
115.1
85.6
87.3
3801.8
TOTAL WORLD
of which: European Union
OECD
Former Soviet Union
Other EMEs
3910.9
722.4
2270.2
184.5
1456.2
2558.3
440.7
1274.3
561.7
722.3
3041.7
318.9
1169.7
166.9
1705.1
634.9
224.5
536.3
58.4
40.2
697.2 10843.0
76.9 1783.4
301.9 5552.4
55.6 1027.1
339.7 4263.4
3952.8
703.9
2249.0
183.8
1520.0
2637.7
433.7
1316.9
568.7
752.1
3177.5
317.9
1184.3
166.2
1827.0
622.0
211.7
520.6
59.9
41.5
709.2 11099.3
77.3 1744.5
295.6 5566.4
56.5 1035.2
357.1 4497.8
Million tonnes oil equivalent
US
Canada
Mexico
Total North America
Total
*In this Review, primary energy comprises commercially traded fuels only. Excluded, therefore, are fuels such as wood, peat and animal waste which, though important in many
countries, are unreliably documented in terms of consumption statistics. Also excluded are wind, geothermal and solar power generation.
†Less than 0.05.
Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
41
World consumption
Million tonnes oil equivalent
12000
Coal
Hydroelectricity
11000
Nuclear energy
Natural gas
10000
Oil
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
0
07
World primary energy consumption slowed in 2007, but growth of 2.4% was still above the 10-year average. Coal remained the fastest-growing fuel, but oil consumption
grew slowly. Oil is still the world's leading fuel, but has lost global market share for six consecutive years, while coal has gained market share for six years.
Regional consumption pattern 2007
Percentage
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
North America
S. & Cent. America
Europe & Eurasia
Middle East
Africa
Asia Pacific
Oil remains the dominant fuel in all regions except Europe and Eurasia and Asia Pacific. Coal dominates in Asia Pacific, primarily because it meets 70% of China's energy needs.
Gas remains the dominant fuel in Europe and Eurasia even though gas consumption in the region was weak in 2007.
42
0
Consumption per capita 2007
Tonnes oil equivalent
0-1.5
1.5-3.0
3.0-4.5
4.5-6.0
> 6.0
Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2007
Years
500
Oil
Natural gas
Coal
400
300
200
100
OECD
Former Soviet Union
EMEs excl. Former Soviet Union
World
0
Coal remains the world's most abundant fossil fuel, with an R/P ratio of more than 130 years. In addition to being cost-competitive, coal has emerged as the world's
fastest-growing fuel in part because reserves are located in key consuming countries.
BP STATISTICAL REVIEW OF WORLD ENERGY JUNE 2008
43
Appendices
Approximate conversion factors
Crude oil*
To
tonnes
(metric)
kilolitres
barrels
Multiply by
1
0.8581
0.1364
0.00325
–
1.165
1
0.159
0.0038
–
7.33
6.2898
1
0.0238
–
From
Tonnes (metric)
Kilolitres
Barrels
US gallons
Barrels per day
US
gallons
tonnes
per year
307.86
264.17
42
1
–
–
–
–
–
49.8
*Based on worldwide average gravity.
Products
To convert
barrels
to tonnes
tonnes
to barrels
0.086
0.118
0.128
0.133
0.149
11.6
8.5
7.8
7.5
6.7
kilolitres
to tonnes
tonnes
to kilolitres
0.542
0.740
0.806
0.839
0.939
1.844
1.351
1.240
1.192
1.065
Multiply by
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
Gasoline
Kerosene
Gas oil/diesel
Fuel oil
Natural gas (NG) and liquefied
natural gas (LNG)
To
billion cubic
metres NG
From
1
1
1
1
1
1
billion cubic metres NG
billion cubic feet NG
million tonnes oil equivalent
million tonnes LNG
trillion British thermal units
million barrels oil equivalent
billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes
feet NG oil equivalent
LNG
Multiply by
1
0.028
1.111
1.38
0.028
0.16
35.3
1
39.2
48.7
0.98
5.61
0.90
0.026
1
1.23
0.025
0.14
0.73
0.021
0.805
1
0.02
0.12
trillion British million barrels
thermal units oil equivalent
36
1.03
40.4
52.0
1
5.8
6.29
0.18
7.33
8.68
0.17
1
Units
1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb
= 1.1023 short tons
1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre
1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu
1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu
1 British thermal unit (Btu) = 0.252kcal
= 1.055kJ
1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal
= 3600kJ = 3412Btu
Calorific equivalents
One tonne of oil equivalent equals
approximately:
Heat units
10 million kilocalories
42 gigajoules
40 million British
thermal units
Solid fuels
1.5 tonnes of hard coal
3 tonnes of lignite
Gaseous fuels
See Natural gas and
liquefied natural gas table
Electricity
12 megawatt-hours
One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent
produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours
(= 4.4 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a
modern power station.
Definitions
Statistics published in this Review are taken from government sources and
published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP
in the course of its business.
Country groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended
to imply any judgement about political or economic standings.
North America
US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada and Mexico.
South and Central America
Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America.
Europe
European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria,
Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta,
Romania, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia.
Former Soviet Union
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia,
Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Europe and Eurasia
All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union.
Middle East
Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria.
Australasia
Australia, New Zealand.
OECD members
Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK.
Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand,
South Korea, US.
OPEC members
Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
North Africa: Algeria, Libya. West Africa: Angola, Nigeria. Asia Pacific: Indonesia.
South America: Venezuela.
European Union members
Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland,
France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain, Sweden, UK.
Other EMEs (Emerging Market Economies)
South and Central America, Africa, Middle East, non-OECD Asia, non-OECD Europe.
North Africa
Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara.
Methodology
The primary energy values of both nuclear and hydroelectric power generation have
been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate
the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming a conversion
efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation).
West Africa
Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including
Cape Verde, Chad.
Percentages
Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are
on a weight basis except on pages 6, 14, 18, 20 and 22.
East and Southern Africa
Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa.
Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Rounding differences
Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their
component parts.
Asia Pacific
Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, Indonesia,
Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines,
Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal,
Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia,
New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Oceania.
Tonnes
Metric equivalent of tons.
*Special Administrative Region.
44
Further information
Questions on data
Acknowledgements
BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data
in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2008.
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