Spectrum 375 - Miller Welding

Spectrum 375 - Miller Welding
OM-255 590A
2011−12
Processes
Air Plasma Cutting
and Gouging
Description
Air Plasma Cutter
Spectrum 375
R
And XT30C Torch
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
File: Plasma Cutters
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001 Quality System Warranty and service information for your
Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual specification sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 2009−09
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Plasma Arc Cutting Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Signification des symboles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers liés au coupage à l’arc au plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance . . . . . .
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6. Informations relatives aux CEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. Symbols And Definitions For Nameplate And Serial Number/Rating Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Unit Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Torch Dimensions And Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Serial Number And Rating Label Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Selecting A Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Connecting Gas/Air Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. Connecting Work Clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8. Electrical Service Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9. Extension Cord Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10. Primary Changeover Switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11. Installing Alternative Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Cutting Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3. Trigger Safety Lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-4. Plasma Cutting System Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-5. Sequence Of Cutting Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-6. Sequence Of Piercing Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Overload Protection: Trouble Lights & Checking Shield Cup Shutdown System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Torch And Work Cable Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Checking/Replacing Retaining Cup, Tip, And Electrode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-5. Troubleshooting Power Source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-6. Troubleshooting Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WARRANTY
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SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
pom_2011-10
Protect yourself and others from injury — read, follow, and save these important safety precautions and operating instructions.
1-1. Symbol Usage
DANGER! − Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. The
possible hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols
or explained in the text.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury. The possible
hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols or explained in the text.
NOTICE − Indicates statements not related to personal injury.
. Indicates special instructions.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! ELECTRIC
SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards. Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions to avoid the
hazards.
1-2. Plasma Arc Cutting Hazards
The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual
to call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you
see the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions
to avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is
only a summary of the more complete safety information
found in the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and
follow all Safety Standards.
Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
CUTTING can cause fire or explosion.
Hot metal and sparks blow out from the cutting arc.
The flying sparks and hot metal, hot workpiece, and
hot equipment can cause fires and burns. Check
and be sure the area is safe before doing any cutting.
D
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Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the cutting arc. If this
is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
Do not cut where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Be alert that sparks and hot materials from cutting can easily go
through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
Be aware that cutting on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
Do not cut on containers that have held combustibles, or on closed
containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes unless they are properly
prepared according to AWS F4.1 and AWS A6.0 (see Safety Standards).
Connect work cable to the work as close to the cutting area as practical to prevent cutting current from traveling long, possibly unknown
paths and causing electric shock, sparks, and fire hazards.
Do not use plasma cutter to thaw frozen pipes.
Never cut containers with potentially flammable materials inside −
they must be emptied and properly cleaned first.
Do not cut where the atmosphere may contain flammable dust,
gas, or liquid vapors (such as gasoline).
Do not cut pressurized cylinders, pipes, or vessels.
Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
Do not locate unit on or over combustible surfaces.
Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any cutting.
After completion of work, inspect area to ensure it is free of sparks,
glowing embers, and flames.
Use only correct fuses or circuit breakers. Do not oversize or bypass them.
Follow requirements in OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) and NFPA 51B
for hot work and have a fire watcher and extinguisher nearby.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The torch and work circuit are
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. Plasma arc cutting requires
higher voltages than welding to start and maintain the arc (200 to 400
volts dc are common), but may also use torches designed with safety
interlock systems which turn off the machine when the shield cup is
loosened or if tip touches electrode inside the nozzle. Incorrectly
installed or improperly grounded equipment is a hazard.
Do not touch live electrical parts.
Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats or
covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work or
ground.
D Do not touch torch parts if in contact with the work or ground.
D Turn off power before checking, cleaning, or changing torch parts.
D Disconnect input power before installing or servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to OSHA CFR
1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Properly install, ground, and operate this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Check and be sure that input power cord ground wire is properly
connected to ground terminal in disconnect box or that cord plug is
connected to a properly grounded receptacle outlet − always verify
the supply ground.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first.
D Keep cords dry, free of oil and grease, and protected from hot metal
and sparks.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring − replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D Turn off all equipment when not in use.
D Inspect and replace any worn or damaged torch cable leads.
D Do not wrap torch cable around your body.
D Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth) ground if required
by codes.
D Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once.
D Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
D Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
D Do not bypass or try to defeat the safety interlock systems.
D Use only torch(es) specified in Owner’s Manual.
D Keep away from torch tip and pilot arc when trigger is pressed.
D Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
(not piece that will fall away) or worktable as near the cut as
practical.
D Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
D
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D
OM-255 590 Page 1
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists in
inverter power sources AFTER the removal of input power.
Cutting produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to
your health.
D Turn Off unit, disconnect input power, check voltage on input capacitors, and be sure it is near zero (0) volts before touching any
parts. Check capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section of Owner’s Manual or Technical Manual before
touching any parts.
EXPLODING PARTS can injure.
D On inverter power sources, failed parts can explode or cause other parts to explode when
power is applied. Always wear a face shield
and long sleeves when servicing inverters.
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FLYING SPARKS can injure.
Sparks and hot metal blow out from the cutting arc.
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal.
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Wear approved face shield or safety goggles with side shields.
Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
Wear flame-resistant ear plugs or ear muffs to prevent sparks from
entering ears.
PLASMA ARC can injure.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Arc rays from the cutting process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin.
D
D
D
D
Wear face protection (helmet or shield) with a proper shade of filter
lenses to protect your face and eyes from arc rays and sparks when
cutting or watching. ANSI Z49.1 (see Safety Standards) suggests a
No. 9 shade (with No. 8 as minimum) for all cutting currents less
than 300 amperes. Z49.1 adds that lighter filter shades may be used
when the arc is hidden by the workpiece. As this is normally the case
with low current cutting, the shades suggested in Table 1 are provided for the operator’s convenience.
Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your helmet
or shield.
Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash, glare
and sparks; warn others not to watch the arc.
Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (leather, heavy cotton, or wool) and foot protection.
Table 1. Eye Protection For Plasma Arc Cutting
Current Level In Amperes
Below 20
20 − 40
40 − 60
60 − 100
Minimum Shade Number
#4
#5
#6
#8
NOISE can damage hearing.
Prolonged noise from some cutting applications can
damage hearing if levels exceed limits specified by
OSHA (see Safety Standards).
D
D
Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level is high.
Warn others nearby about noise hazard.
OM-255 590 Page 2
Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
If inside, ventilate the area and/or use local forced ventilation at the
arc to remove cutting fumes and gases.
If ventilation is poor, wear an approved air-supplied respirator.
Read and understand the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instruction for metals to be cut, coatings,
and cleaners.
Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while wearing
an air-supplied respirator. Fumes from cutting and oxygen depletion
can alter air quality causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air
is safe.
Do not cut in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
Do not cut on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or cadmium
plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the cutting area, the
area is well ventilated, and while wearing an air-supplied respirator.
The coatings and any metals containing these elements can give off
toxic fumes when cut.
Do not cut containers with toxic or reactive materials inside or
containers that have held toxic or reactive materials − they must be
emptied and properly cleaned first.
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The heat from the plasma arc can cause serious
burns. The force of the arc adds greatly to the burn
hazard. The intensely hot and powerful arc can
quickly cut through gloves and tissue.
Keep away from the torch tip.
Do not grip material near the cutting path.
The pilot arc can cause burns − keep away from torch tip when trigger is pressed.
Wear proper flame-retardant clothing covering all exposed body areas.
Point torch away from your body and toward work when pressing
the torch trigger − pilot arc comes on immediately.
Turn off power source and disconnect input power before disassembling torch or changing torch parts.
Use only torch(es) specified in the Owner’s Manual.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Compressed gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of metalworking processes, be sure to treat them carefully.
Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, physical damage, slag, open flame, sparks, and arcs.
D Install and secure cylinders in an upright position by chaining them
to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to prevent falling
or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any cutting or other electrical circuits.
D Never allow electrical contact between a plasma arc torch and a
cylinder.
D Never cut on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct compressed gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and
fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number
of persons to lift and move cylinders.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders, associated equipment, and Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
D
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
HOT PARTS can burn.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on
equipment.
D To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or
wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and
clothing to prevent burns.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
D Have only qualified persons remove doors, panels, covers, or
guards for maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
D Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when maintenance is
finished and before reconnecting input power.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
D Read and follow all labels and the Owner’s
Manual carefully before installing, operating, or
servicing unit. Read the safety information at
the beginning of the manual and in each
section.
D Use only genuine replacement parts from the manufacturer.
D Perform maintenance and service according to the Owner’s
Manuals, industry standards, and national, state, and local
codes.
FLYING METAL or DIRT can injure eyes.
D Wear safety glasses with side shields or wear
face shield.
ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS (EMF)
can affect Implanted Medical Devices.
D Wearers of Pacemakers and other Implanted
Medical Devices should keep away.
D Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor
and the device manufacturer before going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating
operations.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING.
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce amperage (thickness) or reduce duty
cycle before starting to cut again.
EXPLODING HYDROGEN hazard.
D When cutting aluminum underwater or with the
water touching the underside of the aluminum,
free hydrogen gas may collect under the workpiece.
D See your cutting engineer and water table instructions for help.
FALLING EQUIPMENT can injure.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are long enough to extend beyond opposite side of unit.
D Keep equipment (cables and cords) away from moving vehicles
when working from an aerial location.
D Follow the guidelines in the Applications Manual for the Revised
NIOSH Lifting Equation (Publication No. 94−110) when manually
lifting heavy parts or equipment.
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
D Do not locate unit on, over, or near combustible
surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
D High frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with electronic equipment perform this installation.
D The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly
correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
D If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the equipment
at once.
D Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
D Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
ARC CUTTING can cause interference.
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D To reduce possible interference, keep cables as short as possible,
close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
D Locate cutting operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic
equipment.
D Be sure this cutting power source is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
D If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures such
as moving the machine, using shielded cables, using line filters, or
shielding the work area.
BATTERY EXPLOSION can injure.
D Do not use plasma cutter to charge batteries or
jump start vehicles unless it has a battery charging feature designed for this purpose.
OM-255 590 Page 3
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases
which contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California
Health & Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to
the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after use.
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
is available as a free download from the American Welding Society at
http://www.aws.org or purchased from Global Engineering Documents
(phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting and Gouging, American Welding Society Standard AWS C5.2, from Global Engineering
Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting Containers that have Held Combustibles, American Welding Society Standard AWS A6.0, from Global
Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184,
website: www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website:
www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 14501 George Carter Way, Suite
103, Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700, website:
www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone:
800-463-6727, website: www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (phone: 212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website: www.nfpa.org.
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry,
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q, and
Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 OSHA Regional Offices—phone
for Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website: www.osha.gov).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (phone: 1-800-232-4636, website:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
1-6. EMF Information
Electric current flowing through any conductor causes localized electric
and magnetic fields (EMF). Welding current creates an EMF field around
the welding circuit and welding equipment. EMF fields may interfere with
some medical implants, e.g. pacemakers. Protective measures for persons wearing medical implants have to be taken. For example, restrict
access for passers−by or conduct individual risk assessment for welders. All welders should use the following procedures in order to minimize
exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
4. Keep head and trunk as far away from the equipment in the welding circuit as possible.
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them, or using a
cable cover.
About Implanted Medical Devices:
Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor and the
device manufacturer before performing or going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating operations.
If cleared by your doctor, then following the above procedures is recommended.
2. Do not place your body between welding cables. Arrange cables
to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
OM-255 590 Page 4
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as
possible.
6. Do not work next to, sit or lean on the welding power source.
7. Do not weld whilst carrying the welding power source or wire
feeder.
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT
UTILISATION
pom_2011−10fre
Pour écarter les risques de blessure pour vous−même et pour autrui — lire, appliquer et ranger en lieu sûr ces consignes relatives
aux précautions de sécurité et au mode opératoire.
2-1. Signification des symboles
DANGER! − Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on
l’évite pas peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves.
Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles
joints ou sont expliqués dans le texte.
Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on l’évite pas
peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves. Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles joints ou
sont expliqués dans le texte.
NOTE − Indique des déclarations pas en relation avec des blessures
personnelles.
. Indique des instructions spécifiques.
Ce groupe de symboles veut dire Avertissement! Attention! DANGER
DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, PIECES EN MOUVEMENT, et PIECES
CHAUDES. Consulter les symboles et les instructions ci-dessous y
afférant pour les actions nécessaires afin d’éviter le danger.
2-2. Dangers liés au coupage à l’arc au plasma
Les symboles présentés ci-après sont utilisés tout au long du
présent manuel pour attirer votre attention et identifier les risques de danger. Lorsque vous voyez un symbole, soyez
vigilant et suivez les directives mentionnées afin d’éviter tout
danger. Les consignes de sécurité présentées ci-après ne
font que résumer l’information contenue dans les normes de
sécurité énumérées à la section 1-5. Veuillez lire et respecter
toutes ces normes de sécurité.
L’installation, l’utilisation, l’entretien et les réparations ne doivent être confiés qu’à des personnes qualifiées.
Au cours de l’utilisation, tenir toute personne à l’écart et plus
particulièrement les enfants.
LE COUPAGE présente un risque de
feu ou d’explosion.
Des particules de métal chaud et des étincelles
peuvent jaillir de la pièce au moment du coupage.
Les étincelles et le métal chaud, la pièce à couper
chauffée et l’équipement chaud peuvcnt causer un
feu ou des brûlures. Avant de commencer à travailler, assurez-vous
que l’endroit est sécuritaire.
D Déplacez toute matière inflammable se trouvant à l’intérieur d’un
périmètre de 10,7 m (35 pi) de la pièce à couper. Si cela est impossible, vous devez les couvrir avec des housses approuvées et bien
ajustées.
D Ne coupez pas dans un endroit où des étincelles pourraient atteindre des matières inflammables.
D Protégez−vous, ainsi que toute autre personne travaillant sur les
lieux, contre les étincelles et le métal chaud.
D Assurez−vous qu’aucune étincelle ni particule de métal ne peut se
glisser dans de petites fissures ou tomber dans d’autres pièces.
D Afin d’éliminer tout risque de feu, soyez vigilant et gardez toujours
un extincteur à la portée de la main.
D Si vous coupez sur un plafond, un plancher ou une cloison, soyez
conscient que cela peut entraîner un feu de l’autre côté.
D Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que
des réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été
préparés correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 et AWS A6.0
(voir les Normes de Sécurité).
D Ne coupez pas sur un contenant fermé tel qu’un réservoir ou un bidon.
D Fixez le câble de masse sur la pièce à couper, le plus près possible
de la zone à couper afin de prévenir que le courant de coupage ne
prenne une trajectoire inconnue ou longue et ne cause ainsi une
décharge électrique, d’étincelles ou un feu.
D Ne pas utiliser le coupeur plasma pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
D Ne coupez jamais des contenants qui peuvent contenir des matières inflammables. Vous devez en premier lieu les vider et les
nettoyer convenablement.
D Ne coupez pas quand l’atmosphère peut contenir des poussières,
gaz ou vapeurs (comme l’essence) inflammables.
D Ne coupez pas dans un endroit où l’atmosphère risque de contenir
de la poussière ou des vapeurs explosives.
D Ne coupez pas de bouteilles, de tuyaux ou de contenants pressurisés.
D Portez des vêtements de protection exempts d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une veste résistante, des pantalons sans revers, des
bottes et un casque.
D Ne placez pas le poste sur une surface combustible ou au−dessus
de celle−ci.
D Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
D Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
D Avant le coupage, retirez tout combustible de vos poches, par
exemple un briquet au butane ou des allumettes.
UN CHOC ÉLECTRIQUE peut tuer.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The torch and work circuit are
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. Le coupage plasma nécessite
des tensions plus importantes que le soudage pour amorcer et
maintenir l’arc (200 à 400VDC est typique), mais peut être utilisé avec
des torches équipées de systèmes de verrouillage de sécurité qui
arrêtent la machine en cas de buse desserrée ou si l’électrode touche
la tuyère. Incorrectly installed or improperly grounded equipment is a
hazard.
D Ne touchez pas aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D Portez des gants isolants et des vêtements de protection secs et
sans trous.
D Isolez−vous de la pièce à couper et du sol en utilisant des housses
ou des tapis assez grands afin d’éviter tout contact physique avec
la pièce à couper ou le sol.
D Ne touchez pas aux pièces du chalumeau si vous êtes en contact
avec la pièce à couper ou le sol.
D Mettez l’appareil hors tension avant d’effectuer la vérification, le
nettoyage ou le changement d’une pièce du chalumeau.
OM-255 590 Page 5
D Coupez l’alimentation d’entrée avant d’installer l’appareil ou d’effectuer l’entretien. Verrouillez ou étiquetez la sortie d’alimentation
selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (reportez−vous aux Principales normes de sécurité).
D Installer le poste correctement et le mettre à la terre convenablement selon les consignes du manuel de l’opérateur et les
normes nationales, départementales et locales.
D Assurez−vous que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est correctement relié à la borne de terre dans la boîte de coupure ou que
la fiche du cordon est branchée à une prise correctement mise à la
terre − vous devez toujours vérifier la mise à la terre.
D Avant d’effectuer les connexions d’alimentation, vous devez relier
le bon fil de terre.
D Les câbles doivent être exempts d’humidité, d’huile et de graisse;
protégez−les contre les étincelles et les pièces métalliques chaudes.
D Vérifiez fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation afin de vous assurer
qu’il n’est pas altéré ou à nu, remplacez−le immédiatement s’il l’est.
Un fil à nu peut entraîner la mort.
D L’équipement doit être hors tension lorsqu’il n’est pas utilisé.
D Vérifiez et remplacez les cosses du câble du chalumeau si elles
sont usées ou altérées.
D Le câble du chalumeau ne doit pas s’enrouler autour de votre
corps.
D Si les normes le stipulent, la pièce à couper doit être mise à la terre.
D Utilisez uniquement de l’équipement en bonne condition. Réparez
ou remplacez immédiatement toute pièce altérée.
D Portez un harnais de sécurité si vous devez travailler au−dessus
du sol.
D Assurez−vous que tous les panneaux et couvercles sont correctement en place.
D N’essayez pas d’aller à l’encontre des systèmes de verrrouillage
de sécurité ou de les contourner.
D Utilisez uniquement le ou les chalumeaux recommandés dans le
manuel de l’opérateur.
D N’approchez pas le tube du chalumeau et l’arc pilote lorsque la gâchette est enfoncée.
D Le câble de masse doit être pincé correctement sur la pièce à couper, métal contre métal (et non de telle sorte qu’il puisse se
détacher), ou sur la table de travail le plus près possible de la ligne
de coupage.
D Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le
contact avec tout objet métallique.
LES
ÉTINCELLES
PROJETÉES
peuvent provoquer des blessures.
Le coupage plasma produit des étincelles et projections de métal à très haute température. Lorsque la
pièce refroidit, du laitier peut se former.
D Portez une visière ou des lunettes de sécurité avec des écrans latéraux approuvées.
D Portez des vêtements de protection adéquats afin de protéger votre peau.
D Ayez recours à des protège−tympans ou à un serre−tête ignifuges
afin d’éviter que les étincelles n’entrent dans vos oreilles.
LES RAYONS D’ARC peuvent entraîner des brûlures aux yeux et à la peau.
Les rayons d’arc provenant du procédé de coupage
produisent des rayons visibles et invisibles intenses
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) qui peuvent entraîner
des brûlures aux yeux et à la peau.
D Une protection faciale (casque ou masque) avec des lunettes filtrantes de teinte adéquate est indispensable pour protéger le
visage et les yeux des rayonnements de l’arc et des étincelles
pendant la découpe ou en regardant simplement ANSI Z49.1 (reportez−vous aux Principales normes de sécurité) suggère
d’utiliser un filtre de teinte nd 9 (nd 8 étant le minimum) pour tout
travail de coupage faisant appel à un courant de moins de 300 A.
On mentionne également dans la norme Z49.1 qu’un filtre plus faible peut être utilisé lorsque l’arc est caché par la pièce à couper.
Comme cela est habituellement le cas pour les travaux de coupage
à faible courant, les teintes énumérées au tableau 1 sont fournies à
titre d’information pour l’opérateur.
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité à coques latérales sous votre casque ou écran facial.
D Ayez recours à des écrans protecteurs ou à des rideaux pour protéger les autres contre les rayonnements, les étincelles et les
éblouissements; prévenez toute personne sur les lieux de ne pas
regarder l’arc.
D Portez des vêtements confectionnés avec des matières résistantes et ignifuges (cuir, coton lourd ou laine) et des bottes de
protection.
Tableau 1. Protection des yeux pour le coupage au plasma d’arc
Intensité de courant en ampères
Filtre de teinte (minimum)
Moins de 20
20 − 40
40 − 60
60 − 100
no. 4
no. 5
no. 6
no. 8
DÉCHARGES ÉLECTRIQUES potentiellement mortelles.
Il reste une TENSION DC NON
NÉGLIGEABLE dans les sources de
soudage onduleur UNE FOIS
l’alimentation coupée.
D Mettre l’unité hors tension, mesurer la tension des condensateurs d’entrée et s’assurer qu’elle est pratiquement nulle avant
de toucher à l’une quelconque des pièces. Mesurer cette tension
conformément aux directives énoncées à la section Entretien du
manuel de l’utilisateur ou du manuel technique avant de toucher
à l’une quelconque des pièces.
Risque de blessure en cas
D’EXPLOSION DES PIÈCES.
D Mise sous tension, toute pièce défectueuse
des sources d’alimentation de l’inverseur peut
exploser ou faire exploser d’autres pièces.
Pour entretenir les inverseurs, toujours porter
un masque protecteur et un vêtement à manches longues.
OM-255 590 Page 6
LE BRUIT peut endommager l’ouïe.
sécurité).
Certaines applications de coupage produisent un
bruit constant, ce qui peut endommager l’ouïe si le
niveau sonore dépasse les limites permises par
l’OSHA (reportez−vous aux Principales normes de
D Utilisez des protège−tympans ou un serre−tête antibruit si le niveau sonore est élevé.
D Prévenez toute personne sur les lieux du danger relié au bruit.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
Le coupage produit des vapeurs et des gaz.
Respirer ces vapeurs et ces gaz peut être
dangereux pour la santé.
D Ne mettez pas votre tête au−dessus des vapeurs. Ne respirez pas
ces vapeurs.
D Si vous êtes à l’intérieur au moment du coupage, ventilez la pièce
ou ayez recours à une ventilation aspirante installée près de l’arc
pour évacuer les vapeurs et les gaz.
D Si la ventilation est médiocre, utilisez un respirateur anti−vapeurs
approuvé.
D Lire et comprendre les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux
(MSDS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les
consommables, les revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Travaillez dans un espace restreint uniquement s’il est bien ventilé
ou si vous portez un respirateur anti−vapeurs. Les vapeurs causées par le coupage et l’épuisement de l’oxygène peuvent altérer la
qualité de l’air et entraîner des blessures ou la mort. Assurez−vous
que l’air ambiant est sain pour la santé.
D Ne coupez pas dans un endroit près d’opérations de décapage, de
nettoyage ou de vaporisation. La chaleur et les rayons d’arc peuvent réagir avec les vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques
et irritants.
D Ne coupez pas des métaux enrobés tels que des métaux galvanisés, contenant du plomb ou de l’acier plaqué au cadmium, à moins
que l’enrobage ne soit ôté de la surface du métal à couper, que l’endroit où vous travaillez ne soit bien ventilé, ou que vous ne portiez
un respirateur anti−vapeurs. Les enrobages ou tous métaux qui
contiennent ces éléments peuvent créer des vapeurs toxiques s’ils
sont coupés.
D Ne coupez pas de contenants qui renferment ou ont renfermés des
matières toxiques ou réactives − vous devez en premier lieu les vider et les nettoyer convenablement.
L’ARC PLASMA peut provoquer des
blessures.
La chaleur dégagée par le plasma d’arc peut
entraîner de sérieuses brûlures. La force de l’arc est
un facteur qui s’ajoute au danger de brûlures. La
chaleur intense et la puissance de l’arc peuvent
rapidement passer au travers de gants et de tissus.
D N’approchez pas le tube du chalumeau.
D Ne saisissez pas la pièce à couper près de la ligne de coupage.
D L’arc pilote peut causer des brûlures − n’approchez pas le tube du
chalumeau lorsque vous avez appuyé sur le gâchette.
D Portez des vêtements de protection adéquats qui recouvrent tout
votre corps.
D Ne pointez pas le chalumeau en direction de votre corps ni de la
pièce à couper lorsque vous appuyez sur la gâchette − l’arc pilote
s’allume automatiquement.
D Mettez l’alimentation hors tension et débranchez le cordon d’alimentation avant de démonter le chalumeau ou de changer une
pièce du chalumeau.
D Utilisez uniquement le ou les chalumeaux recommandés dans le
manuel de l’opérateur.
LES BOUTEILLES peuvent exploser
si elles sont endommagées.
Les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Si une bouteille est endommagée, elle peut exploser. Puisque les bouteilles de
gaz font habituellement partie d’un processus de
travail des métaux, assurez−vous de les manipuler correctement.
D Protégez les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contre la chaleur excessive, les chocs mécaniques, des dommages physiques, le laitier, la
flamme, les étincelles et l’arc.
D Installez et attachez les bouteilles dans la position verticale à l’aide
d’une chaîne, sur un support stationnaire ou un châssis porte−bouteille afin de prévenir qu’elles ne tombent ou ne basculent.
D Les bouteilles ne doivent pas être près de la zone de coupage ni de
tout autre circuit électrique.
D Un contact électrique ne doit jamais se produire entre un chalumeau de plasma d’arc et une bouteille.
D Ne coupez jamais sur une bouteille pressurisée − une explosion en
résulterait.
D Utilisez uniquement des bouteilles de gaz comprimé , des détendeurs, des boyaux et des raccords conçus pour l’application
déterminée. Gardez−les, ainsi que toute autre pièce associée, en
bonne condition.
D Détournez votre visage du détendeur−régulateur lorsque vous ouvrez la soupape de la bouteille.
D Le couvercle du détendeur doit toujours être en place, sauf lorsque
vous utilisez la bouteille ou qu’elle est reliée pour usage ultérieur.
D Utiliser les équipements corrects, les bonnes procédures et suffisamment de personnes pour soulever et déplacer les bouteilles.
D Lire et suivre les instructions sur les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
l’équipement connexe et le dépliant P-1 de la CGA (Compressed
Gas Association) mentionné dans les principales normes de sécurité.
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la
maintenance
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES
provoquer des brûlures.
peuvent
D Ne pas toucher des parties chaudes à mains
nues.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant
d’utiliser l’équipement.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais
pour éviter les brûlures.
Les PIÈCES MOBILES
provoquer des blessures.
peuvent
D S’abstenir de toucher des organes mobiles tels
que des ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes, panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de protection.
D Lorsque cela est nécessaire pour des travaux d’entretien et de
dépannage, faire retirer les portes, panneaux, recouvrements
ou dispositifs de protection uniquement par du personnel qualifié.
D Remettre les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de
protection quand l’entretien est terminé et avant de rebrancher
l’alimentation électrique.
OM-255 590 Page 7
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
D Lire et appliquer les instructions sur les
étiquettes et le Mode d’emploi avant l’installation, l’utilisation ou l’entretien de l’appareil.
Lire les informations de sécurité au début du
manuel et dans chaque section.
D N’utiliser que les pièces de rechange recommandées par le
constructeur.
D Effectuer l’entretien en respectant les manuels d’utilisation, les
normes industrielles et les codes nationaux, d’état et locaux.
DES PIECES DE METAL ou DES SALETES peuvent provoquer des blessures dans les yeux.
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran
facial.
Les CHAMPS ÉLECTROMAGNÉTIQUES (CEM)
peuvent affecter les implants médicaux.
D Les porteurs de stimulateurs cardiaques et
autres implants médicaux doivent rester à
distance.
D Les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent consulter leur
médecin et le fabricant du dispositif avant de s’approcher de la
zone où se déroule du soudage à l’arc, du soudage par points, du
gougeage, de la découpe plasma ou une opération de chauffage
par induction.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement; respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire l’ampérage (épaisseur) avant de continuer à couper ou réduire le facteur de marche.
Danger D’EXPLOSION
D’HYDROGÈNE.
D Lors du coupage d’aluminium partiellement ou
totalement immergé dans l’eau, de l’hydrogène
libre peut s’accumuler sous la pièce.
D Consultez votre ingénieur de coupage et les instructions de la
table de coupage.
L’EXPLOSION DE LA BATTERIE
peut provoquer des blessures.
D Ne pas utiliser le découpeur plasma pour charger
des batteries ou faire démarrer des véhicules à
l’aide de câbles de démarrage, sauf si l’appareil
dispose d’une fonctionnalité de charge de
batterie destinée à cet usage.
LA CHUTE DE L’ÉQUIPEMENT peut
provoquer des blessures.
D Utiliser l’anneau de levage uniquement pour
soulever l’appareil, NON PAS les chariot, les
bouteilles de gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un engin d’une capacité appropriée
pour soulever l’appareil.
D En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser
du côté opposé de l’appareil.
D Tenir l’équipement (câbles et cordons) à distance des véhicules
mobiles lors de toute opération en hauteur.
D Suivre les consignes du Manuel des applications pour l’équation
de levage NIOSH révisée (Publication Nº94–110) lors du levage
manuelle de pièces ou équipements lourds.
OM-255 590 Page 8
Risque D’INCENDIE OU
D’EXPLOSION.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou à
proximité de surfaces infllammables.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que l’alimentation est correctement dimensionné et protégé avant de mettre
l’appareil en service.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les circuits imprimés.
D Etablir la connexion avec la barrette de terre
avant de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques pour stocker,
déplacer ou expédier des cartes PC.
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H.F.) risque de provoquer
des interférences.
D Le Rayonnement haute frequence (H.F.) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements de radio−navigation et de communication, les services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
D Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées
avec des équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
D L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
D Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
D Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
D Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des
sources de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une distance correcte et utiliser une terre et et un blindage pour réduire les
interférences éventuelles.
LE COUPAGE Ã L’ARC peut causer
des interférence.
D L’énergie électromagnétique peut gêner le
fonctionnement d’appareils électroniques
comme des ordinateurs et des robots.
D Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles aussi
courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
D Veiller à couper à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement
électronique sensible.
D S’assurer que la source de coupage est correctement branchée et
mise à la terre.
D Si l’interférence persiste, l’utilisateur doit prendre des mesures
supplémentaires comme écarter la machine, utiliser des câbles
blindés de des filtres, ou boucler la zone de travail.
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements
Les équipements de soudage et de coupage produisent des
fumées et des gaz qui contiennent des produits chimiques
dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des malformations congénitales et, dans certains cas, des cancers.
(Code de santé et de sécurité de Californie, chapitre 25249.5
et suivants)
Ce produit contient des éléments chimiques, dont le plomb,
reconnus par l’État de Californie pour leur caractère
cancérogène ainsi que provoquant des malformations
congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation. Se laver les
mains après toute manipulation.
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
is available as a free download from the American Welding Society at
http://www.aws.org or purchased from Global Engineering Documents
(phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Recommended Practices for Plasma Arc Cutting and Gouging, American Welding Society Standard AWS C5.2, from Global Engineering
Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for Welding and Cutting Containers that have Held Combustibles, American Welding Society Standard AWS A6.0, from Global
Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184,
website: www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website:
www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 14501 George Carter Way, Suite
103, Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700, website:
www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone:
800-463-6727, website: www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (phone: 212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website: www.nfpa.org.
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry,
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q, and
Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 OSHA Regional Offices—phone
for Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website: www.osha.gov).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (phone: 1-800-232-4636, website:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
2-6. Informations relatives aux CEM
Le courant électrique qui traverse tout conducteur génère des champs
électromagnétiques (CEM) à certains endroits. Le courant de soudage
crée un CEM autour du circuit et du matériel de soudage. Les CEM
peuvent créer des interférences avec certains implants médicaux
comme des stimulateurs cardiaques. Des mesures de protection pour
les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent être prises: Limiter par
exemple tout accès aux passants ou procéder à une évaluation des
risques individuels pour les soudeurs. Tous les soudeurs doivent
appliquer les procédures suivantes pour minimiser l’exposition aux
CEM provenant du circuit de soudage:
1. Rassembler les câbles en les torsadant ou en les attachant avec
du ruban adhésif ou avec une housse.
2. Ne pas se tenir au milieu des câbles de soudage. Disposer les
câbles d’un côté et à distance de l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas courber et ne pas entourer les câbles autour de votre
corps.
4. Maintenir la tête et le torse aussi loin que possible du matériel du
circuit de soudage.
5. Connecter la pince sur la pièce aussi près que possible de la
soudure.
6. Ne pas travailler à proximité d’une source de soudage, ni
s’asseoir ou se pencher dessus.
7. Ne pas souder tout en portant la source de soudage ou le
dévidoir.
En ce qui concerne les implants médicaux :
Les porteurs d’implants doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin avant de
s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de soudage par points,
de gougeage, du coupage plasma ou de chauffage par induction. Si le
médecin approuve, il est recommandé de suivre les procédures précédentes.
OM-255 590 Page 9
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS
3-1. Symbols And Definitions For Nameplate And Serial Number/Rating Label
A
V
Amperes
Plasma Arc Cutting
(PAC)
Adjust Air/Gas
Pressure
Low Air Pressure
Light
Volts
Increase
No − Do Not Do
This
Temperature
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Single Phase
Constant Current
Voltage Input
On
Off
Percent
Direct Current
Line Connection
U0
Rated No Load
Voltage (Average)
U1
Primary Voltage
U2
Conventional Load
Voltage
I1max
Rated Maximum
Supply Current
I2
Rated Welding
Current
X
Duty Cycle
IP
I1eff
Degree Of
Protection
Maximum Effective
Supply Current
OM-255 590 Page 10
pf
1
f1
f2
Single Phase
Static Frequency
TransformerRectifier-Converter
Loose Shield Cup
Input
Hz
Hertz
power factor
Suitable for Some
Hazardous
Locations
S1
Power Rating,
Product Of Voltage
And Current (KVA)
S
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION
4-1. Unit Specifications
Power Supply
Input
Rated AC Phase and line frequency (Hz)
Rated Input Voltage (U1) and rated Input Current (I1)
and I1 eff at rated output. I1 eff used to determine power
cord rating
Power Factor/kVA/kW at Rated Output
Peak kW at Arc Stretch
1 − Phase
60 Hz
−−
Volts AC RMS − (U1)
Amps RMS − (I1)
I1 eff
115 VAC, 1−Phase
28.0
16.6
230 VAC, 1−Phase
14.0
8.3
Volts AC RMS − (U1)
Power Factor
kVA/kW
115 VAC, 1−Phase (20 A)
0.99
3.32 / 3.25
230 VAC, 1−Phase
0.99
3.25 / 3.19
kW
7.0
−−
288 Volts DC/Electrode Negative
−−
−−
Output
Rated Open Circuit Voltage (U0) Type
Output Characteristic
Rated Output Current and Voltage (I2, U2) at rated Input
Voltage (U1)
Output Current Range
Duty Cycle at 104°F (405C) and Rated Conditions
(U1, I1, U2, I2) based on a 10 minute period
Constant Current
−−
−−
Volts AC RMS - (U1)
Amps DC - (I2)
Volts DC - (U2)
115 VAC, 1−Phase
27 A
92 V
230 VAC, 1−Phase
27 A
92 V
14 − 27 A
−−
−−
Volts AC RMS - (U1)
Amps DC − (I2)
Duty Cycle %
115 VAC, 1−Phase
27 A
35%
230 VAC, 1−Phase
27 A
35%
OM-255 590 Page 11
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
General
Operating Temperature
5° to 104° F (−15° to 40° C)
−−
−−
IP23CS
−−
−−
IP − International Protection
−−
−−
2 − No ingress of foreign objects
≥12.5 mm (0.5 in.)
−−
−−
3 − No harmful ingress spraying
water
−−
−−
C − AC line circuits protected
against ingress of tool . 2.5 mm
dia x 100 mm long (0.1 in. x 4 in.)
−−
−−
S − Fan stationary during water
test
−−
−−
Up to 15° incline
−−
−−
IP Code − Degree of protection provided by enclosure
Toppling or tilting
Torch − The XT30C torch is intended for handheld use only. The torch conforms to IEC 60974-7 when used with the Spectrum 375.
Do not use this torch in combination with any other machines.
Air or Nitrogen
−−
−−
Gas Quality
Clean, moisture−free,
oil−free
−−
−−
Gas Inlet Flow and Pressure
5.0 SCFM (142 L/min)
90 PSI (621 kPa)
Min
120 PSI (827 kPa)
Max
Particulates to 5 microns
−−
−−
−−
−−
Gas Type
Gas Filtering
Mild Steel capacities (see Section 5-2 for cutting speeds vs material type and thickness)
Cooling Method
Duty Cycle of Torch
Air
100% at 30 Amps
−−
−−
30 VDC at .1 Amps
−−
−−
30 VDC at 1 Amp
−−
−−
3/8 in. at 15 ipm (457 mm/min)*
−−
−−
Sever Cut Capacity (edge start)
5/8 in.
−−
−−
Pierce Capacity
3/16 in.
−−
−−
13-1/8 in. (333 mm) L
5-1/2 in. (140 mm) W
9 in. (229 mm) H
−−
−−
55 lb (25 kg) including torch
−−
−−
Rating of Electrical Controls (Trigger)
Rating of Electrical Controls (Cup)
Approved Systems
Spectrum 375 w/XT30C torch
Trigger Protection
Safety trigger guard
Safety Devices
Rated Capacity (edge start)
Safety interlock devices shut
down power source
*Travel speeds are approximately 80% of maximum.
Dimensions
Plasma Cutter Weight
Requirements for the torch connection
S Use only compressed air which is free from dirt, oil, and water.
S Ensure that the connections are properly assigned and tightened.
S For torch replacement, see Miller torch manual Part No. OM-1593
S Ensure correct air pressure (flow pressure) and airflow (volume) are set. Insufficient airflow can lead to the torch overheating.
. If the unit is operated from a 30* ampere, 115 volt circuit or a 15** ampere, 230 volt circuit, a different input power plug must be installed on the
power cord. See Section 4-11 for instructions.
*A 30 ampere branch circuit is recommended for maximum performance. Performance on a 20 ampere branch service may be limited due to the circuit
breaker or line fuse. Reducing unit output amperage will minimize circuit breaker tripping or blowing a line fuse.
**A 15 ampere branch circuit is recommended for maximum performance. Performance on a 10 ampere branch service may be limited due to the circuit
breaker or line fuse. Reducing unit output amperage will minimize circuit breaker tripping or blowing a line fuse.
OM-255 590 Page 12
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating
For Units Connected to a 115 Volt Circuit
or a 230 Volt Circuit:
35% Duty Cycle At 27 amperes, 92 volts DC
35% duty cycle
3-1/2 Minutes Cutting
6-1/2 Minutes Resting
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10 minutes that unit can cut at rated load
without overheating.
If unit overheats, thermostat(s)
opens, output stops, Temperature
trouble light goes On, and cooling
fan runs. Wait fifteen minutes for
unit to cool or temperature light to
go off. Reduce amperage or duty
cycle before cutting or gouging.
NOTICE − Exceeding duty cycle
can damage unit and void warranty.
Overheating
A
0
15
OR
Reduce Duty Cycle
Minutes
sduty1 5/95 / 804 486-B
4-3. Torch Dimensions And Weight
1-3/16 in.
(30 mm)
2.2 lb (1.0 kg)
8-3/4 in.
(222 mm)
1-1/2 in.
(38 mm)
Ref. 253 554-A
Notes
Work like a Pro!
Pros weld and cut
safely. Read the
safety rules at
the beginning
of this manual.
OM-255 590 Page 13
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-4. Serial Number And Rating Label Location
The serial number and rating information for this product is located on the back. Use rating label to determine input power requirements and/or rated
output. For future reference, write serial number in space provided on back cover of this manual.
4-5. Selecting A Location
8-1/2 in.
(216 mm)
Dimensions And Weight
12-5/16 in.*
(313 mm)
49 lb (22.2 kg)
not including torch
*Add 13/16 in. (21 mm) for handle.
16 in.
(406 mm)
1
Movement
Lifting Handle
Use handle to lift unit.
2
1
Hand Cart
Use cart or similar device to move
unit.
3
2
120 VAC Receptacle
To connect unit to 230 VAC input
power, a customer supplied plug is
necessary (see Section 4-11).
Locate unit near correct input
power supply.
!
Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
Location And Airflow
3
10 in.
(254 mm)
10 in.
(254 mm)
loc_2 3/96 - Ref. 804 486-B / 804 487-B / 804 488-B
OM-255 590 Page 14
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-6. Connecting Gas/Air Supply
. Use only clean, dry air with 90
to 120 psi (621 to 827 kPa)
pressure.
1
Gas/Air Inlet Opening
2
Hose
3
Teflon Tape
Obtain hose with 1/4 NPT righthand thread fitting. Wrap threads
with teflon tape (optional) or apply
pipe sealant, and install fitting in
opening. Route hose to gas/air
supply.
Tools Needed:
5/8, 1-1/8 in.
4
3
1
From Gas/Air
Supply
Air Filter/Regulator
Adjust gas/air pressure according
to Section 5-1.
2
4
802 787-C / Ref. 801 319-C / Ref. 804 486-B
4-7. Connecting Work Clamp
1
2
Work Clamp
Workpiece
Connect work clamp to a clean,
paint-free location on workpiece, as
close to cutting area as possible.
1
2
Ref. 803 640-A
OM-255 590 Page 15
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-8. Electrical Service Guide
Failure to follow these electrical service guide recommendations could create an electric shock or fire hazard. These recommendations are for a dedicated branch circuit sized for the rated output and duty cycle of the welding power source.
NOTICE − Actual input voltage should not be 10% less than minimum and/or 10% more than maximum input voltages listed in table. If actual input
voltage is outside this range, output may not be be available.
50/60 Hz Single Phase
115
Input Voltage (V)
230
14
Input Amperes (A) At Rated Output
Max Recommended Standard Fuse Rating In Amperes
1
A 15 or 20
ampere individual
branch circuit
protected by
time-delay fuses
or circuit breaker
is required.
See Section 4-1
Time-Delay Fuses 2
Normal Operating Fuses
3
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG 4
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
15
25
14
96
(29)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG 4
14
Elec Serv 2011−04
Reference: 2011 National Electrical Code (NEC) (including article 630)
1 If a circuit breaker is used in place of a fuse, choose a circuit breaker with time-current curves comparable to the recommended fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5” . See UL 248.
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose - no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amps), and UL class “H” ( 65 amps and
above).
4 Conductor data in this section specifies conductor size (excluding flexible cord or cable) between the panelboard and the equipment per NEC Table
310.15(B)(16). If a flexible cord or cable is used, minimum conductor size may increase. See NEC Table 400.5(A) for flexible cord and cable
requirements.
4-9. Extension Cord Data
. When calculating max. cord length, remember to include conductor length from line disconnect device to input power receptacle.
Conductor Size − AWG (mm2)*
Single Phase AC
Input Voltage
6 (13.3)
8 (8.4)
10 (5.3)
12 (3.3)
14 (2.1)
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m)
115
156 (48)
98 (30)
62 (19)
39 (12)
24 (7)
230
624 (190)
391 (119)
246 (75)
155 (47)
98 (30)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 3% voltage drop
4-10. Primary Changeover Switch
2
1
Ref. 802 787-C
Check input voltage available at site.
1
!
Changeover Switch
Switch is accessible through slot in rear
panel.
3
2
!
Changeover Switch Label
Look at label to find correct switch position.
OM-255 590 Page 16
Be sure input power connection
meets all applicable national,
regional, and local electrical codes.
Grounded 120 VAC
Receptacle
To use rated output (see
specifications), connect the unit to
an individual branch circuit capable
of carrying the effective (eff) current
for the output being used. The unit
must have a properly sized plug
installed and the circuit must be
protected by properly sized fuses
or circuit breakers.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-11. Installing Alternative Plug
1
Supplied 115 VAC Plug
Cut cord close to plug.
2
. This procedure is necessary if the unit is to be connected to a 230 VAC receptacle,
or to a 115 VAC receptacle that requires a plug that is different from the supplied plug.
. See Section 4-10 for instructions on setting changeover switch for proper voltage.
2
3
6
1
7
4
Alternative Plug (230 VAC
Plug Shown)
3
Load 1 (Brass) Terminal
4
Load 2 (Brass) Terminal
5
Ground (Green) Terminal
6
Outer Shell
7
Cord Grip
Strip cord jacket back enough to
separate conductors. Strip conductors enough to make good contact
with plug terminals. Make plug connections and reinstall outer shell and
cord grip. Tighten assembly screws
onto shell. Do not overtighten.
5
Tools Needed:
Ref. 801 305-A / 801 611
Notes
OM-255 590 Page 17
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 5 − OPERATION
5-1. Controls
2
4
3
5
ON
OFF
1
PRESSURE
60 PSI
6
20
24
16
27
Set To
60 PSI (414 kPa)
Setting Gas/Air Pressure
1
5
20
24
16
Requires
90-120 PSI
(621-827 kPa)
Supply
20
6
27
1
Output Control
Use control to set cutting output.
Place control in Gas/Air Set position to safely
adjust gas/air pressure. Only gas/air circuit
is activated.
If 22-27 amperes of cutting output is used
with 115 VAC input power, and the overload
protection on the input power circuit frequently opens, either reduce the cutting out-
24
16
27
put and/or the cut time or find more adequate
power (see Section 4-1).
2
Trouble Lights (See Section 6-2)
3
Power Light
4
Power Switch
Setting Gas/Air Pressure
5
Air Filter/Regulator
6
Pressure Adjustment Knob
Place Output control in Gas/Air position and
turn on gas/air supply. Lift knob and turn to
adjust pressure. Push knob down to lock in
setting.
Place Output control in desired cutting
output.
. At ambient temperatures below −55 C
(235 F), readjustment of gas/air
pressure regulator may be necessary.
Ref. 227 835-A / Ref. 804 486-B
OM-255 590 Page 18
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-2. Cutting Speed
Recommended Cut Speeds At 27 Amperes Output
Thickness
Mild Steel
Recommended Cut Speeds*
Inches
mm
ipm
mm/min
1/8
3.2
70
1,778
3/16
4.8
47
1,194
1/4
6.4
25
635
3/8
9.5
15
381
1/2
12.7
6
152
*Recommended Cut Speed is approximately 80% of maximum.
. Aluminum and Stainless Steel cut speeds at these thicknesses may be reduced as much as 20%.
Recommended Cut Speeds At 20 Amperes Output
Thickness
Mild Steel
Recommended Cut Speeds*
Inches
mm
ipm
mm/min
16 ga
1.5
162
4,115
3/16
4.8
26
660
1/4
6.4
18
457
3/8
9.5
7
178
*Recommended Cut Speed is approximately 80% of maximum.
. Aluminum and Stainless Steel cut speeds at these thicknesses may be reduced as much as 20%.
5-3. Trigger Safety Lock
1
Trigger Locked
Trigger
1
Trigger Unlocked
Ref. 253554-A
OM-255 590 Page 19
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-4. Plasma Cutting System Practices
!
Always connect work clamp to a clean,
paint-free location on workpiece, as close to
cutting area as possible.
The pilot arc starts immediately
when trigger is pressed.
DO NOT start pilot arc without cutting or
gouging as this shortens the service life
of the nozzle and electrode.
90°
Maintain approximately a 90° angle to the
workpiece surface for proper cutting results.
Sparks should pass through the workpiece
and out the bottom when cutting.
If sparks flare back from surface, this
usually is an indication that either travel
speed is too fast or amperage is set too low.
Wt
1/16 in.
(1.6 mm)
When doing extended (non-shielded)
cutting, maintain approximately 1/16 in.
standoff between electrode and surface.
DO NOT put pressure on shield when
drag cutting; instead, slide shield along
the surface for proper cutting results.
Pulling rather than pushing the torch
makes cutting easier. Use a proper guide
or template for accurate cutting operations.
Ref. 254 087-A
OM-255 590 Page 20
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-5. Sequence Of Cutting Operation
90°
Connect work clamp to a clean, paint-free
location on workpiece, as close to cutting
area as possible.
!
For standard (shielded) cutting, place drag shield on edge
of metal. For extended (non-shielded) cutting, use 1/8 in.
(3.2 mm) standoff distance (dragging tip will reduce tip life).
The pilot arc starts immediately
when trigger is pressed.
Raise trigger lock and press
trigger. Pilot arc starts.
Adjust torch speed so
sparks go thru metal and
out bottom of cut.
After cutting arc starts, slowly
start moving torch across metal.
Pause briefly at end of
cut before releasing trigger.
Postflow continues for approx. 20 seconds
after releasing trigger; cutting arc can be
instantly restarted during postflow by raising
trigger lock and pressing trigger.
Ref. 254 087-A
OM-255 590 Page 21
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-6. Sequence Of Piercing Operation
!
The pilot arc starts immediately
when trigger is pressed.
45°
Connect work clamp to a clean, paint-free
location on workpiece, as close to cutting
area as possible.
90°
Rotate torch to upright position
approximately 90° to surface.
When arc has pierced through
workpiece, start cutting.
Hold torch at approximately 45°
to the workpiece. Raise trigger
lock and press trigger. Pilot arc
starts.
90°
Maintain approximately 90° torch
position to surface, and continue
cutting.
Release trigger. Postflow continues for
approx. 20 seconds after releasing trigger;
arc can be instantly restarted during postflow
by raising trigger lock and pressing trigger.
Ref. 254 087-A
OM-255 590 Page 22
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6-1. Routine Maintenance
!
n = Check
Z = Change
~ = Clean
* To be done by Factory Authorized Service Agent
Disconnect power
before maintaining.
. Maintain more often
during severe conditions.
l = Replace
Reference
Each
Use
Section 4-6,
6-4
n Gas/Air Pressure
n Torch Tip, Electrode,
And Shield Cup
Every
Week
Section 6-2
n Shield Cup Shutdown
System
Every
3
Months
l Damaged Or Unreadable
Labels
~ Air Filter/Regulator
l Cracked Parts
n l Gas/Air Hose
Section 8
n l Torch Body, Cable
Every
6
Months
OR
~ Inside Unit
OM-255 590 Page 23
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-2. Overload Protection: Trouble Lights & Checking Shield Cup Shutdown System
1
Power Light
Light is steady if input power is
okay. Light flashes for the following
conditions:
1
a
If input power is 115 volts
AC, but power supply is
less than 92 volts AC or
greater than 138 volts AC.
b
If input power is 230 volts
AC, but power supply is
less than 194 volts AC or
greater than 276 volts AC.
2
3
If certain problems occur a trouble
light comes on, and output stops.
4
2
Pressure Light
Lights if gas/air pressure is below
40 PSI (276 kPa).
Turn power Off, and check for
proper gas/air pressure (see
Section 5-1).
Checking Torch Shield Cup Shutdown System
. Power must be reset whenever the cup shutdown system is activated.
Always turn Off power when changing or checking consumables.
Do NOT overtighten torch shield cup. Gently finger tighten cup
onto torch.
A flashing Pressure light indicates
that gas/air system may be set too
low, faulty, leaking or has a flow restriction (see Section 6-5).
3
Cup Light
Lights if shield cup is loose/off.
Turn Power On and loosen shield
cup. If shutdown system works
properly, Cup light comes on. If not,
turn power Off and have a factory
authorized service agent check
unit.
Shield
Cup
If system works properly, retighten
cup and reset power.
Turn power Off, and check shield
cup connection (see torch Owner’s
Manual). Power must be reset
whenever the cup shutdown is
activated.
A flashing Cup light indicates that
the torch consumables are stuck or
worn and should be inspected and/
or replaced (see Section 6-4).
Check shield cup shutdown system
once a week.
4
Temperature Light
Lights if power source overheats or
when ambient temperature is below
−35° C (−31° F) (see Section 4-2).
Ref. 200 808 / Ref. 253 554-A
OM-255 590 Page 24
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-3. Torch And Work Cable Connections
7
6 8
4
5
If torch or work cable needs to be
removed or replaced, proceed as
follows:
Turn power Off, and disconnect
input power plug from receptacle.
Remove wrapper from unit.
Torch Connections
Remove existing torch cable from
unit.
1
Strain Relief
2
Torch Cable
Insert cable through strain relief.
Slide strain relief nut onto torch
cable, but do not tighten.
2
6
5
1
3
Air Line Connector
Insert air line connector into
solenoid fitting.
2
4
4
3
3
Plug PLG1/Receptacle RC1
Connect PLG1 from torch to
receptacle RC1 on end of wiring
harness connected to circuit board
PC1.
5
Ring Terminal And TORCH
RED Terminal
Connect ring terminal on end of red
leads to TORCH RED terminal.
4
6
Ring Terminal And TORCH
WHITE Terminal
Connect ring terminal on end of
white leads to TORCH WHITE
terminal.
Tighten strain relief nut.
Tighten strain relief around cable.
Work Cable Connections
Remove existing work cable from
unit.
7
Work Cable
. Be sure
to allow some work
cable slack inside the unit.
Insert work cable with strain relief
into front panel.
Tighten strain relief nut. Tighten
strain relief around cable.
8
8
6
5
Work Cable Ring Terminal
Route cable under center baffle.
Connect ring terminal on end of
work cable to terminal labeled
WORK on circuit board PC1.
Tools Needed:
1/4 in.
804 489-C / Ref. 802 860 / 226 678-C
OM-255 590 Page 25
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-4. Checking/Replacing Retaining Cup, Tip, And Electrode
!
!
Overtightening will strip threads. Do not overtighten retaining
cup during assembly. Do not cross-thread parts causing
stripping. Use care during torch assembly and parts
replacement.
Inspect shield cup, tip, and electrode for wear before cutting or whenever cutting speed has been significantly reduced. Do not operate torch without a tip or electrode in place. Be sure to use genuine replacement
parts.
. A good practice is to replace both the tip and electrode at the same time.
!
Turn Off power source before checking torch
parts.
Make sure this area is
clean of any debris.
4
6
Make sure swirl ring is clean of any
debris and no holes are obstructed.
5
3
New
2
1
New
1/32 in. (1 mm) to 1/16
in. (2 mm) maximum pit
depth depending on
acceptable cut quality
Worn
Worn
Ref. 253554-A
Turn Off power source.
1
Shield Cup
Remove shield cup. Check cup for cracks,
and replace if necessary.
2
Tip
3
Opening
OM-255 590 Page 26
Remove tip. Check tip, and replace if opening is deformed or 50% oversize. If inside of
tip is not clean and bright, clean with steel
wool. Be sure to remove any pieces of steel
wool afterwards.
4
Electrode
Check electrode. If center has a pit more
than a 1/16 in. (2 mm) deep, remove and replace electrode.
5
Swirl Ring
Remove swirl ring. Check ring, and replace
if side holes are plugged.
6
O-Ring
Check O-ring for cracks or worn spots, and
replace if necessary.
Carefully reassemble parts in reverse order.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-5. Troubleshooting Power Source
Is input power
connected to
correct line
voltage?
No
Connect unit to proper input
voltage (see Section 4-10).
No
Place Changeover switch in
proper position for input
voltage (see Section 4-10).
Yes
Turn down output current.
(see Section 5-1).
No
Place Power switch in the
On position. (see Section
5-1).
Yes
If unit is overheated, wait
while fan cools down unit
temperature.
Is Pressure Status
light On or flashing?
Yes
*
Turn Output control
fully counterclockwise (see
Section 5-1). Check for
gas/air flow at torch. Check
Control
board
PC1,
pressure switch S3 (gauge),
air filter, valve AS1, and air
supply connection to unit
and torch.
Does pilot arc
ignite?
No
Press torch trigger and
check if pilot arc ignites.
Check torch consumables.
*Check torch connections,
air filter, pressure switch S3,
valve AS1, air supply
connection to unit, torch,
and PC1.
Yes
Yes
Is the cooling
fan running?
Is Temp Status
light On?
No
No
Is Power switch
S1 in the On
position?
Check torch consumables.
Reset Power switch S1.
No
Yes
Does the breaker
trip when unit is set
on 115V?
Yes
No
Yes
Is Changeover
switch S2 in
the 115V or
230V position?
Is Cup Status
light On or
flashing?
No
*
Check Power switch S1 and
relay CR2 and thermistor R2
on PC2. Replace PC2 if R2
or CR2 are not functioning
correctly.
Does pilot arc
transfer
to
workpiece?
No
Place torch near workpiece
and check if pilot arc “jumps”
or transfers to workpiece.
Check
work
clamp
connection. *Check Control
board PC1 and connections,
and torch and its connections.
Yes
Yes
*
Is Power light
flashing?
No
Yes
Reset Power switch S1
and verify line power
voltage (see Section 4-1).
Check
relay
CR2,
thermistor R2 on PC2,
and Control board PC1.
Check all connections,
Check main transformer T1,
Check boost inductor L1
and buck inductor L2.
Return to beginning of chart.
*Servicing procedure to be
performed only by authorized
Service Station.
OM-255 590 Page 27
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-6. Troubleshooting Torch
Does arc go
on and off
while cutting?
Yes
Torch travel speed too slow;
increase travel speed (see
Section 5-2). Clean or
replace torch consumables
as necessary (see Section
6-4). Be sure work clamp is
securely
attached
to
workpiece.
Go to Section 6-5.
No
Does arc go out
while cutting?
Yes
Be sure work clamp is
securely attached to workpiece. Make sure tip is on or
near, 1/16 in. (1.6 mm) to 1/8
in. (3.2 mm) workpiece (see
Section 5-4). Clean or
replace torch consumables
as necessary (see Section
6-4).
Go to Section 6-5.
No
Do sparks come
out of top of cut;
or cut is not
clean?
Yes
No
Is Trouble light
On; unit has no
cutting output?
Yes
Torch travel speed too fast;
reduce travel speed (see
Section 4-1). Clean or
replace torch consumables
as necessary (see Section
6-4). Be sure work clamp is
securely
attached
to
workpiece. Unit not capable
of cutting metals thicker
than rating (see Section
4-1).
Check torch shield cup (see
Section 6-2); reset unit
Power switch. *Check torch
and connections inside unit.
Go to Section 6-5.
No
Go to Section 6-5.
*Servicing procedure to be performed
only by authorized Service Station.
OM-255 590 Page 28
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
256 065-A
Figure 7-1. Circuit Diagram
OM-255 590 Page 29
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST
8-1. Recommended Spare Parts
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Recommended Spare Parts
................
................
................
................
227877
255685
227877
253524
. . Element, Filter Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . XT30C, 20 ft Hand Held (Replacement) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . Cable, Work 20 ft 8 GA W/Clamp Strain RLF & TERM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . LabeL, XT30C Consumables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
XT30C CONSUMABLES
CAUTION
Drag
Shield
249930
FAILURE TO REPLACE WORN TIP OR
ELECTRODE WILL DAMAGE TORCH
AND VOID WARRANTY.
S Turn off power before checking torch parts.
S Check before each use and hourly during operation.
Retaining
Cup
249932
Tip
Swirl Ring Electrode O-Ring
249926 249969
249927 249931
Extended Consumable
Shield Deflector
249933
Ref. 256 009-A
Figure 8-1. Consumable Parts For XT30C
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
OM-255 590 Page 30
Item
No.
1
Part
No.
Description
1
249 970 Torch Handle Kit (1)
2
249 971 Torch Trigger
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Microswitch (1)
3
255 686 Leads, 20 ft (1)
4
252 938 Torch Body Kit (1)
5
249 972 Torch Trigger Assembly
w/Spring (1)
252 951 Grease, Silicone (1)
255 685 Torch, Replacement 20 ft (1)
2
5
4
1
3
See Figure 8-1 for
additional consumable parts.
Figure 8-2. Torch, XT30C
A complete Parts List is available on-line at www.MillerWelds.com
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
OM-255 590 Page 31
Notes
Work like a Pro!
Pros weld and cut
safely. Read the
safety rules at
the beginning
of this manual.
Notes
MATERIAL THICKNESS REFERENCE CHART
24 Gauge (.025 in.)
22 Gauge (.031 in.)
20 Gauge (.037 in.)
18 Gauge (.050 in.)
16 Gauge (.063 in.)
14 Gauge (.078 in.)
1/8 in. (.125 in.)
3/16 in. (.188 in.)
1/4 in. (.25 in.)
5/16 in. (.313 in.)
3/8 in. (.375 in.)
1/2 in. (.5 in.)
Notes
Effective January 1, 2011
(Equipment with a serial number preface of MB or newer)
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions 6. 90 Days — Parts
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants to its
* Accessory (Kits)
original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold after the
* Canvas Covers
effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects in material
* Induction Heating Coils and Blankets, Cables, and
and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller. THIS
Non-Electronic Controls
WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
* M-Guns
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
* MIG Guns and Subarc (SAW) Guns
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
* Remote Controls and RFCS-RJ45
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or replace
* Replacement Parts (No labor)
any warranted parts or components that fail due to such defects in
* Roughneck Guns
material or workmanship. Miller must be notified in writing within
* Spoolmate Spoolguns
thirty (30) days of such defect or failure, at which time Miller will
provide instructions on the warranty claim procedures to be
followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment listed
below in the event of such a failure within the warranty time
periods. All warranty time periods start on the delivery date of the
equipment to the original end-user purchaser, and not to exceed
one year after the equipment is shipped to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is shipped to an
International distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
* Original main power rectifiers only to include SCRs,
diodes, and discrete rectifier modules
3 Years — Parts and Labor
* Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by the
engine manufacturer.)
* Inverter Power Sources (Unless Otherwise Stated)
* Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
* Process Controllers
* Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
* Smith 30 Series Flowgauge and Flowmeter
Regulators (No Labor)
* Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
* Water Coolant Systems (Integrated)
2 Years — Parts
* Auto-Darkening Helmet Lenses (No Labor)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
* Automatic Motion Devices
* CoolBelt and CoolBand Blower Unit (No Labor)
* External Monitoring Equipment and Sensors
* Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered for the remaining
warranty period of the product they are installed in, or
for a minimum of one year — whichever is greater.)
* Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
* RFCS Foot Controls (Except RFCS-RJ45)
* Fume Extractors
* HF Units
* ICE Plasma Cutting Torches (No Labor)
* Induction Heating Power Sources, Coolers, and
Electronic Controls/Recorders
* Load Banks
* Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
* PAPR Blower Unit (No Labor)
* Positioners and Controllers
* Racks
* Running Gear/Trailers
* Spot Welders
* Subarc Wire Drive Assemblies
* Water Coolant Systems (Non-Integrated)
* Weldcraft-Branded TIG Torches (No Labor)
* Wireless Remote Foot/Hand Controls and Receivers
* Work Stations/Weld Tables (No Labor)
6 Months — Parts
* Batteries
* Bernard Guns (No Labor)
* Tregaskiss Guns (No Labor)
Miller’s True Blue® Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
2.
3.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, relays, work
station table tops and welding curtains, or parts that
fail due to normal wear. (Exception: brushes and
relays are covered on all engine-driven products.)
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other than
Miller, or equipment that has been improperly installed,
improperly operated or misused based upon industry
standards, or equipment which has not had reasonable
and necessary maintenance, or equipment which has
been used for operation outside of the specifications for
the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE AND
USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND PERSONS
TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4) payment
of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable depreciation
based upon actual use) upon return of the goods at customer’s risk
and expense. Miller’s option of repair or replacement will be F.O.B.,
Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or F.O.B. at a Miller authorized
service facility as determined by Miller. Therefore no
compensation or reimbursement for transportation costs of any
kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL
OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN AND
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY,
GUARANTY
OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS PROVISION,
MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION, OPERATION OF LAW,
CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO
ANY AND ALL EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS
EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long an
implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental, indirect,
special or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides specific
legal rights, and other rights may be available, but may vary from
state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein, and
to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations and
exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited Warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be available,
but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 2011−01
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Contact a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
For International Locations Visit
www.MillerWelds.com
Welding Process Handbooks
To locate a Distributor or Service Agency visit
www.millerwelds.com or call 1-800-4-A-Miller
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
ORIGINAL INSTRUCTIONS − PRINTED IN USA
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
© 2011 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
2011−01
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