First, you need to know a little about how spray cans are

First, you need to know a little about how spray cans are
First, you need to know a little about how spray cans are designed and how
the paint inside is mixed. A spray can is technically known as an "aerosol"
device. It consists of a vessel that can withstand significant internal pressure
(the can); a spray nozzle that depresses a sealing device that won't let the
pressure out of the can until called for, a tube inside the can that brings the
fluid (paint) to the nozzle, and the two critical elements: pressurized gas
(usually carbon dioxide) and the paint.
Today's spray nozzles are really quite good. They are precision-engineered to
provide a high-quality spray, with consistent droplet sizes. The spray pattern
they provide isn't adjustable like air-powered spray guns are, but that isn't
why many people have a hard time getting smooth, shiny results. Those very
people would encounter the same problems if they used a spray gun. The
reason good finishes are difficult is often the user isn't painting properly
Spray paints are heavily thinned (more solvent-to-paint content) in order for
them to be pushed out of the can and turned into an aerosol spray. Thicker
paint would require greater gas pressure and a more sophisticated nozzle,
hence leading to an air-powered paint gun. The "trick" to getting good results
with thinned paint is simply to remember that it is, in fact, thinner and prone
to runs. That means more thin coats.
Common user errors is why we are providing this article. There are many,
many wrong ways to apply spray paint, all of which end in poor finishes.
People hold the can too close, too far away, too long in one spot, move too
fast, move to slow, etc. There are so many wrong ways to do it that we'll just
concentrate on techniques to do it right. Let's paint!
But first we must make sure our work piece is ready for painting. It has been
sanded, smoothed and primed, then sanded again with fine (600 grit or
higher) paper. Just before painting we've wiped it again with solvent on a
paper towel. Now it's placed on a table or some other surface that allows it to
be high enough to see clearly during spraying (we prefer to hang items from
the ceiling joists with string and bent pieces of wire). Make sure there is
plenty of light around the work piece.
Now we can start spraying. The proper technique will be achievable issuing
the following tips:
Tip # 1- Shaking the can long enough! Now it's time to shake the paint can,
and we often do so until the little ball inside rattles, thinking that's long
enough. Unfortunately, it usually isn't long enough. The paint pigments have
most likely separated during storage, so they need quite a bit of agitation to
properly mix again. The can you are using probably says to shake for some
number of minutes after the ball starts rattling. Do so. In fact, shake the can
for at least three minutes unless you've just used it that day. Test the spray
on a piece of cardboard or paper.
Tip # 2 - Holding the can the proper distance! Spray can directions tell you
how far away from the work piece to hold the nozzle. That distance is to
provide the best spray pattern and most equal distribution of the paint. Test
that effect on your cardboard and prove it to yourself. What the
manufacturer tells you is true.
Spraying too far from the surface puts less of the paint on the surface and
the paint can actually start to dry out before it reaches the surface, leaving a
rough texture or dull finish to the paint.
Tip # 3 – No holding the can directly in front of your face! It becomes very
difficult to see how the paint is "wetting" the surface if the can is spraying
directly in front of your eyes. If you are right-handed, hold the can at chestheight about one foot to the right of your head (the reverse if left-handed).
As you spray you will be looking at your work piece at a "grazing incidence"
angle and will easily see how the spray is falling onto the surface.
Spraying at the distance suggested on the can's label gives you control over
the paint and helps prevent excess paint buildup which can lead to runs.
Tip # 4 - Moving at the right speed! Once you can see the "wetting" effect;
that is, the paint falls onto the surface and just starts to become shiny, it's
time to move the can along the surface. Keep it moving at all times and the
correct speed is that in which the volume of paint coming out wets the
surface. Moving too fast applies a "dusting" of paint that is too little for the
components to "float out" to become a smooth surface. Too slow applies the
paint too thick and because it is a thin fluid can cause paint to start to run
and drip.
Tip # 5 - Staying parallel to the work surface! You must move the can
parallel to the work surface at all times. Not doing so alters the distance from
the nozzle to the surface, creating the mistake in Tip # 2 again. Practice with
the can before actually spraying so you know you can move easily over a
large area.
Tip # 6 - There's no such thing as "one coat." Good paint finishes are always
built up from multiple layers of paint, each one applied on a "still tacky"
surface. The idea is that the paint you sprayed 10 minutes ago is still
uncured and soft, so the new coat will not only stick well but its solvents will
tend to "re-melt" the last coat and allow the finish to create a smoother,
flatter surface.
Tip # 7 - There will be incidences when, no matter how well you've applied
the paint, it just looks lousy. Dust got in the finish, runs appeared, "orange
peel" appeared, or something else affected the outcome. Big deal! When that
happens, just stop and let the paint dry. Next day, sand everything smooth
with 600grit or higher sandpaper and put on a couple more coats. If the
project really looks terrible, spread on the paint stripper and get the work
piece back down to bare surface. Fresh paint comes off very easily and you
can re-do the whole thing in short order.
Points To Remember

A little practice goes a long way, so if you're not experienced at spray
painting take some time to practice painting a "test" piece. Use a piece
of cardboard covered with aluminum foil if you don't have a sheet of
metal or plastic to practice on. Plan to waste the better part of a can of
paint in the process.

Shake the can periodically while you paint to keep the materials in
proper suspension.

Don't forget to invert the can when finished, spraying until all color
disappears.

Mount your work piece on a stand or hanger if possible that makes it
easy to rotate or otherwise change its position, so that you can get a
more even finish overall.

Keep the nozzles on your paint cans clean. If they are clogged, pull
them off and soak for a few hours in lacquer thinner.

Custom colour paint cans only designate colour formula on a label
stuck to the can. Write this down somewhere or take a photo of the
label for later reference.
Safety
Paints are often made from toxic substances, and their solvents can be
equally as dangerous. Ventilation and breathing protection are very
important. When painting indoors you must make sure you have good
ventilation. Wear a proper filtration mask that removes organic vapors. If
you feel dizzy, nauseated or disoriented while painting, stop and get some
fresh air.
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