Tyres -- check tyres for air and tread. You should replace
tyres if the tread is worn.
Brakes -- make sure the brake blocks are close to the rim
when brakes are off and contact the centre of the rim when
the brake lever is pulled. Check to see you don't need to
replace worn cables or blocks.
Chain -- check that the chain moves freely without any
Clean lights and reflectors. Check the light is sufficiently
bright and replace batteries if necessary.
Make sure pedals rotate freely. Oil them. If they have
rubber blocks check for wear and replace if necessary.
Check that the wheels and rims are straight. If not, take the
wheel to a bicycle mechanic for truing. If you feel confident,
you could true your own wheel.
Check chain tension -- if the chain is slack on a bike
without gears increase tension by loosening nuts and
pulling the hub and wheel back slightly. On a bike with
derailleurs ensure the tensioning spring is working.
Chain -- Clean the chain with an old toothbrush dipped in
solvent, re-lubricate with a chain lubricant recommended by
your bike shop.
Check the brake levers are tight. Lubricate the cable with a
tiny amount of oil.
Wipe front gears clean and oil the pivot joints.
Oil all moving parts of back gears and check their
Check that the cone adjustment is correct. Wheels
shouldn't shake sideways but should rotate for at least 30
seconds if you spin them.
Front wheel cones
Rear wheel cones
Check the frame for any damage, and clean paint work
gently with soap and water.
Check the front and back fork tips for cracks
31 August 2004