Device for magnetic treatment o Device for magnetic

Device for magnetic treatment o Device for magnetic
International Journal of Biological
Biological Sciences and Applications
2014; 1(4): 152-156
Published online September 30, 2014 (http://www.aascit.org/journal/ijbsa)
Device for magnetic treatment of
of
irrigation water and its effects on
quality and yield of banana plants
Ajitkumar Gorakhanath Patil
Shri Bhagubhai Mafatlal Polytechnic, Vile Parle (West), Mumbai – 400 056, India
Email address
[email protected]
Citation
Keywords
Magnetic Water Treatment,
Device for Magnetic Water
Treatment,
Banana Plant Productivity,
Banana Plants,
Salt Deposits
Received: August 20, 2014
Revised: September 12, 2014
Accepted: September 13, 2014
Ajitkumar Gorakhanath Patil. Device for Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water and its Effects on
Quality and Yield of Banana Plants. International Journal of Biological Sciences and Applications.
Vol. 1, No. 4, 2014, pp. 152-156.
Abstract
The present work relates to development of device for treatment of water by exposing it to
magnetic field and its effect on quality and yield of banana plants. Valid scientific
experiments on treatment of irrigation water using magnetic device have proved that water
activated using specific arrangement of magnets and their housing helps in agriculture for
improvement of germination, plant growth, flowers, fruit and crop yield. This also prevents
from forming white salty deposits near the plant. A well structured research was conducted
on five hector banana farm using ‘Sadahara 207’ magnetic water treatment device. The area
was divided in to two plots and tests were conducted. It was observed that, the average
yield per plant in magnetically treated plot was 19 kg compare to its counterpart
conventional plot was 15 kg. Hence, the total difference in yield between two plots for
10000 plants was 40 Tons, which was 26.67 % more than the conventional plot. The
experiments have also shown that there was dramatic difference in other parameters like
quality and general appearance also.
1. Introduction
There has been tremendous need of water for irrigation around the world. Long spell of
drought, deserts, underground saline water and competing water demands in most of the
parts have put enormous pressure on water resources [4]. Accumulation of excessive salt in
irrigated soils can reduce crop yields, reduce the effectiveness of irrigation, ruin soil
structure and affect other soil properties. Further, it is difficult to clean the inside of
conventional apparatus and pipelines due to their complicated arrangements. Appropriate
strategies will have to be developed to avoid risk to future water supplies. As the good
quality water is mostly required to satisfy thrust of growing population, there is pressure on
use of water for irrigation. Therefore, this stresses the need for appropriate strategies to
conserve the water and at the same time increase the productivity of vegetables, fruits and
grain. One of the ways by which we can reduce the total water used for irrigation is to
employ practices that improves crop yield per unit volume of water used. A magnetic water
treatment device has been developed and used on banana plants to check its effectiveness.
There is hardly any study reported with valid scientific experiments, on the effects of
magnetic treatment of water on crop yield [4]. However, some beneficial effects of
magnetic field have been reported on closely related studies in a number of farming
situations.
153
Ajitkumar Gorakhanath Patil: Device for Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water and its Effects on Quality and Yield of
Banana Plants
2. Material and Method
The present work relates to magnetic device for treatment of
water by exposing it to magnetic field and its effect on quality
and yield of banana plants. More particularly, the work relates
to a magnetic water activation device using specific
arrangement of magnets and their housing. The water
activated using this process is useful for drinking, agriculture
and other purposes. When the water is exposed to the magnetic
field in a proper manner, it gets activated and the size of
molecule group gets reduced [5]. This type of magnetic
activation helps to reduce accumulation of hard scale, lime and
similar deposits in the water. This also improves the taste of
water and prevents forming of rust and or scale.
My valid scientific experiments on treatment of water using
magnetic device has proved that water activated using specific
arrangement of magnets and their housing helps to improve
quality of water that can be used for all purposes. It has also
been observed that magnetically activated water used in
agriculture helps for improvement of germination, plant
growth, flowers, fruit and crop yield. This also prevents from
forming rust and scale in the apparatus or pipelines.
Electro-magnetic agitation of mineral ions in water or fluid
to reduce rust and scale has been used by number of ways.
However, these conventional devices are not much effective
due to their design. The devices running on electrical power
are very expensive and complicated. They also consume lot of
electricity and need regular maintenance. Some devices make
use of permanent magnets. But, these devices suffer from
incorrect design and magnetic flux distribution. This results
into improper activation of water. In most of these devices
water to be treated is arranged to come into direct contact with
permanent magnets. Such an arrangement is unhygienic.
Furthermore, magnetic force of the magnets gets weakened
due to direct contact with the water.
housing from inside.
Two similar magnet strips are used with each magnetic water
treatment device. Here, south poles of upper strip and lower
strip are fixed exactly opposite to each other. Different types of
water can be treated using this principle. Water is allowed to
flow through the inner pipe and magnetic field exposure is
about 1-3 seconds depending on flow of the water. The
diameter of inner water pipe and size of magnets depends on
the capacity of the device [1]. The strength of the each magnet
is maintained to 10-12KG. The device can be installed in any
position, vertical, horizontal or angular as per the space
available [2].
Fig. 2. Strip of Magnets
Any type of non magnetic pipe such as plastic or PVC can be
used with this device for magnetic water treatment. A water
pipe is passed through the device. It gets locked in to the
device and no additional fixing is required.
Fig. 1. Construction of Magnetic Water Treatment Device
The present device is very simple in structure, inexpensive
and possesses unobstructed flow of water through properly
arranged and distributed magnetic field [1]. The construction
of device is shown in fig. 1. It has cylindrical housing with
circular slot for water pipe. The cylindrical housing is made
from Ferro-magnetic material such as mild steel. Magnets are
fixed on ‘U’ shaped strip from inside at regular intervals as
shown in fig. 2. The magnet holding strip is made from non
magnetic material like stainless steel. The gap between the
magnets is filled with epoxy resin or similar substance [2]. This
prevents magnets from coming in contact with water directly.
Rivet holes are provided at either ends to fix it on cylindrical
Fig. 3. Cross section of Magnetic Water Treatment Device
The cross section of magnetic water treatment device is
shown in fig. 3. The outer ring is mild-steel housing; middle
ring is the circular passage for water pipe. South poles of the
magnets on the magnet holding strip face each other and
produce strong magnetic field inside the water passing through
water pipe. This is a best scientifically proved arrangement of
magnets as per my experiments on magnetic activation of
International Journal of Biological Sciences and Applications 2014; 1(4): 152-156
water.
A well structured research was conducted with proper field
tests and results were obtained [3]. The experiment was
conducted for banana plants on five hector banana farm using
‘Sadahara 207’ magnetic water treatment device [2]. The
plantation area was divided into two plots and tests were
conducted. The details of plot size, number of plants, type of soil,
variety of plant and type of irrigation are given in Table I.
Table I. Details of Plantation
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Parameter
Area under experimental
plantation
Area under conventional
plantation
Number of banana plants
under experimentation
Number of banana plants
under experimentation
Planting material for both
plots
Variety of banana
Soil type of Experimental
Plot
Method of Irrigation for
both plot
Type of water
Details
2.4 ha.
2.8 ha.
10000
12000
Sowed suckers of normal size
(Coconut shape 450-750gm.Wt.)
Shrimanti (AAA), Sub Clause of
Basrai
Deep Black Cotton Soil.
Drip irrigation (in line drippers)
Ground, well irrigation water
3. Results and Discussion
The experiments were conducted on five hector plot to
examine the effect of magnetic treatment of ground irrigation
water, on productivity of banana plant. The study was
154
conducted under Indian conditions with day and night
temperature between 30oC and 15oC in the banana farm.
Two factors were considered in the study: effect of untreated
ground irrigation water and magnetically treated ground
irrigation water on banana plants. The plot that was irrigated
using untreated ground irrigation water was defined as
conventional plot, whereas the plot that was irrigated using
magnetically treated water was defined as treated plot. To
understand the impact of magnetic treated water on growth of
plants; both plots were continuously monitored. As the main
aim of the study was to find out improvement in productivity of
banana plants; and the sample size was very high i.e. 12000
and 10000 plants for conventional and treated plots
respectively; it was difficult to measure general parameters of
each plant and compare during study. Therefore, observations
apart from yield noticed during study were restricted to general
comparison as presented in Table II.
It was observed that there was appearance of white salty
deposits near the drip outlet of each plant. That means plant
didn’t consume the salts present in the water, whereas, no such
deposits were observed in treated plot. This indicates that
plants, which used treated water consumed salts for their
growth. The probable reason for this may be the size of salt
crystals; as magnetic treatment reduced the size of crystals
below the diameter of capillaries in the roots of plant; plant
absorbed those crystals. Other parameters; pseudo stem height,
girth, number of leaves, functional leaves, days of flowering
and days between flowering and harvesting were observed. In
all cases treated plot performance was far better than
congenital plot. It was also observed that percentage of
flowering & harvesting in treated plot was 15 % better than
untreated plot.
Table II. General Observations
Sr. No.
Parameter
Conventional Plot
Treated Plot
1
Appearance of salt
White salty surface appeared near the drip outlet (near each
plant).
No any salt appeared
2
Pseudo stem height
Less
More
3
Pseudo stem girth
Less
More
4
Number of leaves/plant
Less
More
5
Number of functional leaves per plant
Less
More
6
Days of flowering
Less
More
7
Days of harvesting
Less
More
8
Days flowering to harvesting
Less
More
9
Percentage of flowering & harvesting
More (95%)
Less (80%)
Table III. Yield Parameters
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Parameter
Average number of hands/bunch
Average number of fingers/bunch
Bunch Weight
Bunch Size/Shape
Finger Length (cm)
Yield per plant
Total yield for 10000 plants
Conventional Plot
Less (7.5)
155
15 - 16 kg.
Less
Less (19-20cm)
15 kg
150 Ton
Treated Plot
More (9.5)
180
19 - 20 kg.
More
More (23cm)
19 kg.
190 Ton
Increase in Yield
26.67 %
16.13 %
25 %
—
15 %
26.67%
26.67%
155
Ajitkumar Gorakhanath Patil: Device for Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water and its Effects on Quality and Yield of
Banana Plants
Table III compares the yield from both the plots. It was
observed that an average number of hands per bunch were
26.67 % more than the conventional plot in treated plot. The
average number of bunch in conventional plot was 7.5,
whereas it was 9.5 in treated plot. Average number of
fingers/bunch was also better in treated plot. Treated plot had
180 fingers per bunch compare to conventional plot that had
only 155 fingers per bunch. The weight of bunch in treated plot
was 25% more than the conventional plot as the size of each
finger was more. The length of finger was also compared. The
treated plot fingers had 15 % more length than conventional
plot plants. Finally, coming to the yield per plant, there was
dramatic difference between treated and untreated plots. The
average yield per plant in treated plant was 19 kg compare to
its counterpart which was 15 kg in conventional plot.
Therefore, total difference in yield between two plots for
10000 plants was 40 Tons, which was 26.67 % more than
conventional plot.
The photograph of banana plant with banana hands and
bunches harvested using magnetically treated water is shown
as fig.4. The average number of fingers is 180 in treated plot
compare to 155 in untreated plot.
to untreated plot. There was uniform distribution of hands and
fingers in treated plot and final product was attractive in
treated plant. Other observations are listed in Table IV.
Table IV. Quality Parameters
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Parameter
Color of Fingers
General
appeal/appearance
Luster (Sli of Fruit)
Ripening
Developed attractive
color
Sweetness
Conventional Plot
Light Green
Treated Plot
Dark Green
Less attractive
More attractive
Less
Less Uniform
More
More Uniform
Less
More
Less
More
4. Conclusion
Valid scientific experiments on treatment of water using
magnetic device has proved that water activated using specific
arrangement of magnets and their housing helps to improve
quality of water for irrigation. Magnetically treated water used
for irrigation of banana plants has resulted in statistically
significant increase in the yield.
The observations on quality assessment indicate that
magnetic treatment enhances the overall physical
characteristics of the fruit. It has also been observed that
magnetically activated water used in agriculture helps for
improvement of germination, plant growth, flowers, fruit and
crop yield. This also prevents from forming white salty
deposits near the plant.
The magnetic water treatment device has cylindrical
housing with circular slot that holds water pipe of
non-magnetic material such as plastic or PVC with ease. The
water pipe gets latched in to the slot due to its matching
diameter and the surface of water pipe. As the device is sealed
from outside and circular slot is provided to fix water pipe, it is
flame proof, water proof and also shock proof as it doesn’t use
electricity. It is substantially rigid and can be installed in any
position: vertical, horizontal and angular. It can be also used
from both sides to fit either left to right water flow or right to
left water flow.
References
[1]
A.G. Patil, “Magnetic Water Treatment Device”, Indian Design
Patent, 248345, October 4, 2012.
[2]
“Sadahara 207”, Magnetic Agriculture Devices, M/s
Unnatkrishi, Mumbai, 2011.
[3]
“Sadahara 204”, Magnetic Agriculture Devices, M/s
Unnatkrishi, Mumbai, 2011.
[4]
“Performance Of SADAHARA 207 in Banana Garden”, M/s
Unnatkrishi, Mumbai, 2012.
[5]
Basant L. Maheshwari, Harsharn Singh Grewal, “Magnetic
treatment of irrigation water: Its effects on vegetable crop yield
and water productivity, Agricultural Water Management, 96,
pp. 1229–1236, 2009.
Fig. 4. Banana Hands and Bunches in Treated Plant
Table IV presents observations related to quality. Here,
comparison was done between two plots for parameters like:
color of fingers, appearance, luster, ripe, attractiveness and
sweetness. In all the cases findings of treated plot were
encouraging compare to untreated plot. The color of leaves
that used magnetically treated water was dark green compare
International Journal of Biological Sciences and Applications 2014; 1(4): 152-156
[6]
Jacob Bogatin, “Magnetic Treatment of Irrigation Water:
Experimental Results and Application Conditions”, Environ.
Sci. Technol, 33, pp. 1280-1285, 1999.
[7]
Dr. Israel J. Lin and Jacob Yotvat, “Magnetic Treatment of
Water and its application to agriculture”, Technion Israel
Institute
of
Technology,
Haifa
32000,
Israel,
http://h2grow.co.uk/plants_5, html, September, 2013.
[8]
A.G. Patil, “Medical Electronics”, Excel Books Pvt. Ltd.,
ISBN 81-7446-375-9, November, 2002.
[9]
A.G. Patil, “Bioengineering Research - Nanotechnology,
Biomaterials and Smart Devices”, presented at BETAZ
Conference on Biomedical Engineering, M.G.M’s College of
Engineering & Technology, Navi Mumbai, 2005.
[10] Mahmoud Hozayn and Amira Mohamed Saeed Abdul Qados,
“Magnetic water application for improving wheat (Triticum
aestivum L.) crop production”, Agriculture and Biology
Journal of North America, ISSN Print: 2151-7517, ISSN
Online: 2151-7525, 2010.
[11] M. Hozayn, A.A. Abd El Monem, R.E. Abdelraouf and M.M.
Abdalla, “Do Magnetic Water Affect Water Use Efficiency,
Quality and Yield of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Plant under
Arid Regions Conditions?”, Journal of Agronomy, 12: 1-10,
2013.
156
Biography
Prof. (Dr.) Ajitkumar Gorakhanath Patil
was born in India on 19th March, 1958. He
acquired MS degree in Electronics and
Control from Birla Institute of Technology
and Science, Pilani, India, and Ph.D. in
Instrumentation Engineering from SGGS
Institute of Engineering and Technology,
Nanded, India. He is associated with S.B.M.
Polytechnic, Mumbai since 1979 and worked
as a Head, Department of Medical
Electronics. He is recipient of: National Award for Outstanding
Work and Role Model from the President of India, NRDC National
Invention Award, UP Government-ISTE National Award, State
Teacher Award, IETE-RSK Gold Medal and Vijay-Rattna Award.
He is associated with number of national and International
organizations.
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