restraint system/helmet use - National Motorcycle Institute

restraint system/helmet use - National Motorcycle Institute
P10
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
FORMAT: 2 numeric
SAS NAME: Person.REST_USE
ELEMENT VALUES:
00
07
03
01
02
08
10
11
12
04
05
16
19
17
29
97
98
99
Not Applicable
None Used
Shoulder and Lap Belt Used
Shoulder Belt Only Used
Lap Belt Only Used
Restraint Used - Type Unknown
Child Restraint System - Forward Facing
Child Restraint System - Rear Facing
Booster Seat
Child Restraint Type Unknown
DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet
Helmet, Other than DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet
Helmet, Unknown if DOT-Compliant
No Helmet
Unknown if Helmet Worn
Other
Not Reported
Unknown
Definition: This element records the restraint equipment in use by the occupant, or the
helmet in use by a motorcyclist, at the time of the crash.
Remarks:
Code this element regardless of whether the vehicle is equipped with manual systems,
automatic belts or harnesses, air bags, or any combination of these. Whether the restraint was
manual or automatic will be determined via the VIN. Even if the VIN is unknown, use this rule.
The child restraints/booster seats take precedence over the belt use. For a child in a child
restraint system not using the 5-point harness or in a booster not using the belt restraint code
the child restraint system or booster and indicate mis-use.
00 (Not Applicable) is used when the case material indicates that no restraint was available in
the seat position of this occupant. Use this attribute for persons who are riding in the sleeper
section of the cab of a truck, for persons who are riding on the exterior of the vehicle, and for
persons in unenclosed cargo areas, such as a bed of a pickup truck.
2014
723
P10
07 (None Used) is used when the case materials indicate that the occupant did not use a
restraint. In order to code this value, the case materials first have to indicate that there was a
restraint available and that the occupant of that seat position did not use the available restraint.
In the case of a motorcycle occupant without a helmet, use 17 (No Helmet).
03 (Shoulder and Lap Belt Used) is used when the occupant restraint system consists of
both the shoulder belt and lap belt portions and is connected to a buckle.
01 (Shoulder Belt Only Used) is used for a two-part occupant restraint system and only the
shoulder belt portion is connected to a buckle.
Example:
You are coding a driver in the vehicle that is indicated by the PAR to have an automatic
shoulder harness and a manual belt. The police state that the shoulder harness was
used at the time of the crash, but the lap belt was not. Code as 01 (Shoulder Belt
Only Used).
02 (Lap Belt Only Used) is used when the occupant is using a lap safety belt either because
the motor vehicle is equipped only with a lap belt or because the shoulder belt is not in use.
Note: The presence of an air bag system does not mean that there are no active belts present.
In fact, most air bag equipped vehicles also have some belt restraint system installed in the
seat positions protected by the air bags.
08 (Restraint Used - Type Unknown) is used when the investigating officer indicates that
some type of restraint was in use but the type of restraint is not clear.
The attribute scheme on some PARs may offer a choice, such as “seatbelt/harness” or
“lap/shoulder” but does not distinguish between “lap belt only,” “shoulder belt only,” or
“combination lap and shoulder belt.” If your PAR has such a coding scheme and the officer
checks. e.g.; “seat belt/harness,” then the attribute should be 08 (Restraint Used - Type
Unknown) unless the narrative clarifies which type of restraint was used.
10 (Child Restraint System - Forward Facing) is used when a child passenger is seated in a
forward facing child safety seat. This does not imply correct use or placement of the seat.
11 (Child Restraint System - Rear Facing) is used when a child passenger is seated in a
rearward facing child safety seat. This does not imply correct use or placement of the seat.
12 (Booster Seat) is used when a child passenger is seated in a “belt-positioning seat” that
positions a child on a vehicle seat to improve the fit of the child in a lap and shoulder seat belt
system.
Motorcycle helmets that are compliant with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards typically
weigh approximately 3 pounds, have an inner liner at least one-inch thick of firm polystyrene
foam, have an inside label that states the manufacturer, model and date of manufacture, and
have a DOT sticker on the back of the helmet.
724
2014
P10
05 (DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet) is a motorcycle helmet that is compliant with
Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. It must be specifically indicated to be “DOTCompliant” in the case materials to code this attribute, otherwise use 19 (Helmet, Unknown if
DOT-Compliant).
16 (Helmet, Other than DOT-Compliant Motorcycle Helmet) is a motorcycle helmet that is
not a DOT-compliant helmet. This also would include bicycle helmets, skateboard helmets and
novelty helmets.
19 (Helmet, Unknown if DOT-Compliant). A motorcycle helmet was indicated to be worn by
the motorcycle rider, but the investigating officer did not identify if it is a DOT-compliant
motorcycle helmet.
17 (No Helmet) is used when the investigating officer indicates that the occupant of a
motorcycle was not wearing a helmet.
29 (Unknown if Helmet Worn) is used when the case materials specifically indicate helmet
use is unknown for a motorcycle, moped, ATV/ATC, or snowmobile occupant.
97 (Other) is used when the case materials indicated that some other type of restraint not
listed was being used at the time of the crash.
If the case materials do not show the restraint system or helmet use of injured or uninjured
driver or passengers and there is no other information about restraint system or helmet use,
e.g., in the narrative/diagram, then use 98 (Not Reported).
98 (Not Reported)
If a state’s crash report manual instructs to leave blank data blocks that are not applicable,
then a blank in those data blocks are NOT considered “Not Reported”.
Code 98 (Not Reported) in these two situations:
1. No field or coding block exists on the state’s crash report to provide the information
to code this element AND no other information is available to code the element (e.g.,
narrative, diagram, case materials)
2. A field or coding block exists on the state’s crash report that would provide the
information needed to code this element, but it has been left blank, AND no other
information is available to code the element (e.g., narrative, diagram, case
materials).
99 (Unknown) is used when the investigating officer indicates that the restraint system use
was unknown for vehicle occupants other than motorcycle, moped, ATV/ATC, or
snowmobile occupants.
2014
725
P10
FARS SPECIAL INSTRUCTION:
Prior to 2007, this data element was called “Restraint” System Use before being changed to
“Protection System Use.” In 2010, this element was changed to Restraint System/Helmet Use
to align with MMUCC.
Guidelines When Police and EMS/M.E. Differ:
Occasionally, information from EMS personnel or medical examiners (M.E.) includes
statements about protection/restraint use or presence. If these people were in a position to
have information when the investigating officer(s) could not (e.g., EMS arrived and removed
victims from vehicles before police arrived or the medical examiner reports definite indications
of belt usage), then the EMS/M.E. assessment may override the PAR assessment of Restraint
System/Helmet Use. Make sure to note the arrival times of Police and EMS before
making a decision.
Rules of thumb are as follows, unless you have information to the contrary:
If the M.E./EMS report that a restraint was used but the PAR/Police report “NOT USED” or
“UNKNOWN,” then accept the EMS/M.E. assessment. On the other hand, if the M.E./EMS
report “NOT USED” but the PAR/Police report that a restraint was used, then try to verify the
police assessment that a restraint was used. If the PAR/Police report that a restraint was used
or was not used but the M.E./EMS report “UNKNOWN,” then accept the Police assessment.
Note: Beginning in 2013, this element’s attributes for collecting data on motorcycle helmets
were modified to conform to the 4th edition of the MMUCC guideline.
Consistency Checks:
IF
(2R0P)
(2R1P)
(2S0P)
(2S1P)
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
equals 00-04, 07-12,
ANY INDICATION OF MIS-USE OF
RESTRAINT SYSTEM /HELMET USE
equals 1,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
equals 05, 16, 17, 19 or 29,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
equals 07, 16 or 17,
(3M0F) PERSON TYPE equals 01,
(981P)
726
BODY TYPE equals 80-83, 88, 89,
90, 91,
THEN
BODY TYPE must not equal 80-83,
88, 89, 90, 91.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
must equal 01-05, 08-12, 19, 97.
AIR BAG DEPLOYED should equal 00.
ANY INDICATION OF MIS-USE OF
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
must equal 0.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
must not equal 04, 10-12.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
must equal 05, 16, 17, 19, 29, 97, 98.
2014
P10
IF
(982P)
(D570)
(P01F)
(P020)
(P050)
(P060)
(P310)
(P320)
(P330)
(P340)
(U170)
(V050)
(V950)
THEN
BODY TYPE does not equal 80-83,
88, 89, 90, 91,
any VIOLATIONS CHARGED equals
83,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
must not equal 05, 16, 17, 19, 29.
not all occupants of this vehicle should
have RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET
USE equal to 01-05, 08, 10-12, 16, 19.
PERSON TYPE equals 01-03, 09, and EJECTION should equal 0 or 7.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
equals 01-04, 08, 10-12, and BODY
TYPE does not equal 80-89,
PERSON TYPE equals 02, 03, 09,
AGE should be less than 010, or equal
and RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET
to 998 or 999.
USE equals 04, 10-12,
EJECTION equals 1,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
should not equal 01-04, 08, 10-12.
SEATING POSITION equals 18, 28,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
38, 48, 50-55,
should not equal 01, 03.
EJECTION equals 1-3, and BODY
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
TYPE does not equal 90, 91, 97,
must not equal 05, 16, 17, 19, 29.
SEATING POSITION equals 22, 23,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
31-53,
must not equal 05, 16, 17, 19, 29.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE SEATING POSITION should equal
equals 00,
50-55.
SEATING POSITION equals 50,
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
52-55,
should equal 00.
UNLIKELY: RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE equals 01.
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE BODY TYPE must equal 80-83, 88-91.
equals 05, 16, 17, 19, 29,
VEHICLE MODEL YEAR is less than
RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE
1994, and SEATING POSITION
should not equal 01, 03, and BODY
equals 31, 33, 39,
TYPE should equal 12, 15, 16, 19-21.
Consistency Checks (FARS Only):
IF
(U520)
2014
THEN
UNLIKELY: RESTRAINT SYSTEM/HELMET USE equals 98.
727
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