owner`s manual - Scooter Domain

owner`s manual - Scooter Domain
OWNER’S MANUAL
®
1. CONTENTS
1. Contents ......................................................................................................................... 1
2. Control location .............................................................................................................. 3
3. Before riding ................................................................................................................... 4
4. Safe riding ...................................................................................................................... 4
5. Driving ............................................................................................................................ 5
6. Use genuine spare parts ................................................................................................ 5
7. Use of each component ................................................................................................. 6
Gauges .......................................................................................................................... 6
Operation of ignition switch ............................................................................................ 7
Operation of steering handle lock switch ....................................................................... 7
Operation of seat open switch ....................................................................................... 7
Use of buttons ................................................................................................................ 7
Storage box ....................................................................................................................... 9
Safety helmet hook .......................................................................................................... 10
Fuel tank cap ................................................................................................................. 10
Brake ............................................................................................................................. 10
8. Important points and cautions for starting engine ........................................................ 11
9. The best way to drive off .............................................................................................. 12
The control of throttle valve handle .............................................................................. 12
Parking method ............................................................................................................ 12
10.Inspection and maintenance before riding .................................................................... 13
Routine inspection ....................................................................................................... 13
Engine oil inspection and change ................................................................................ 13
Fuel inspection............................................................................................................... 14
Transmission oil inspection and change ........................................................................ 14
Inspection and adjustment of brake free play .............................................................. 15
Disc brake inspection (depending on models) ............................................................. 16
Throttle valve handle clearance adjustment ................................................................ 17
Inspection and maintenance of battery ........................................................................ 17
Tire inspection .............................................................................................................. 18
Steering handle front shock absorbers inspection ....................................................... 18
Checking and changing fuses ...................................................................................... 19
Checking the turn signal lights and horn ...................................................................... 19
Checking the front and rear lights ................................................................................ 19
Checking the brake light .............................................................................................. 19
1
1. CONTENTS
Checking for fuel leakage ............................................................................................ 20
Checking the lubrication of body’s various mechanisms ............................................. 20
Checking the spark plug .............................................................................................. 20
Checking the air cleaner .............................................................................................. 20
11. When there is an abnormal condition or a trouble ....................................................... 21
Diagnosis when engine does not start ......................................................................... 21
12. C.D.I. electrical ignition system .................................................................................... 21
13. Suggestions on engine fuel .......................................................................................... 21
14. Transmission oil ........................................................................................................... 21
15. Cautions for riding scooter ........................................................................................... 22
16. Periodical maintenance schedule .................................................................................... 23
17. Specification ................................................................................................................. 24
2
2. CONTROL LOCATION
MODEL: SOHO 50 c.c.
Helmet hook
Storage box
Front light/
Position light
Front turn
signal light
Air Cleaner
Side stand
Fuel tank cap
Engine number
Kick starter pedal
Engine start
control switch
Frame number
Ignition switch
Tail/Stop light
Fuses &C.D.I
Battery
Oil level
Main stand
High& Low beam/Turn
signal/Seat open/Horn
Switch
Light/Starter switch
Front brake level
Rear turn
signal light
Rear brake level
Exhaust muffler
3
2.CONTROL LOCATION
MODEL: SOHO 125
Helmet hook
Front light/
Position light
Storage box
Front turn
signal light
Air Cleaner
Side stand
Fuel tank cap
Engine number
Kick starter pedal
Engine start
control switch
Frame number
Ignition switch
Tail/Stop light
Fuses &C.D.I
Battery
Oil level
Main stand
High& Low beam/Turn
signal/Seat open/Horn
Switch
Light/Starter switch
Front brake level
Rear turn
signal light
Rear brake level
Exhaust muffler
4
3. BEFORE RIDING
This manual describes the correct usage of this scooter including safety riding, simple inspection
methods and so on.
For a more comfortable and safety riding, please read this manual carefully.
For your benefit, please ask your dealer the operating manual and carefully read the following:
Ÿ Correct use of the motorcycle.
Ÿ Pre-delivery inspection and maintenance.
Thank you very much for your patronage
In order to maximize your motorcycle’s performance, a periodical inspection and maintenance
should be completely carried out.
We recommend that after riding your new motorcycle for the first 300 kilometers, you should
take your motorcycle to the original dealer for an initial inspection, and to have your motorcycle
inspected periodically every 1000 kilometers thereafter.
Ÿ
In case the scooter’s specifications and construction are modified and different from the photos
and diagrams on the owner’s manual / catalogues, the specifications and construction of the
actual scooter shall prevail.
4. SAFE RIDING
It is very important to be relax and clothe properly when driving, observe traffic regulations, do not rush,
always drive carefully and relaxed.
Usually, most people would ride their newly bought scooter very carefully, but after they became familiar
with their scooters, they tended to become reckless which may result in an accident.
% To remind you:
Ÿ Please wear a safety helmet, and properly tighten the chin belt when riding a motorcycle.
Ÿ Clothes with open or loose cuffs may be blown by wind and cause the cuffs to get caught on the
steering handle and thus affects riding safety.
Ÿ So, put on clothes with tight sleeves.
Ÿ Hold the steering handle by both hands when riding. Never ride with only one hand.
Ÿ Observe the speed limit.
Ÿ Wear suitable low-heel shoes.
Ÿ Perform periodical maintenance and inspection in accordance with the schedule.
WARNING!!
Ÿ To avoid getting burned by exhaust pipe when taking a passenger. Make sure your passenger
has put his/her feet on the pedals.
Ÿ After running, the exhaust pipe is very hot, be careful not to get burned when conducting an
inspection or maintenance.
Ÿ After running, the exhaust pipe is very hot, select a suitable location to park your scooter to avoid
others getting burned by the exhaust pipe.
CAUTION:
Modified motorcycle will affect its structure or performance, and cause poor engine operation or
exhaust noise, which will result in shortening the motorcycle’s service life.
Besides, modification is illegal and does not conform to the original design and specifications.
A modified motorcycle will not be covered by warranty, therefore, do not modify your motorcycle at
will.
5
5. DRIVING
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Keep the related parts of your body such as arms, palms, lumbar, and toes relax and ride
with the most comfortable posture in order to be able to react quickly whenever it is
necessary.
Rider’s posture will greatly affect riding safety. Always keep your body’s gravity in the center of
the saddle, if your body’s gravity is on the rear part of saddle, the front wheel load will be reduced,
and this will cause the steering handle shaking. It is dangerous to ride a scooter with an
unstable handle.
It will be much easier to make a turn if rider inclines his body inward when turning. On the other
hand, the rider will feel unstable if his body and the scooter do not incline.
The scooter is hard to control on a bumpy, unleveled, unpaved road, try to know the road
conditions in advance, slow down and use your shoulder’s force to control the handle.
Suggestion: Do not load objects on the front pedals unnecessarily, to avoid affecting the riding
safety and the operation of steering handle.
CAUTION:
The rider’s feeling on the handle is slightly different with a load or without a load.
Overload may cause the handle to swing and affects the riding safety.
Therefore, do not overload your scooter.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Do not place flammable materials such as rags between the body side cover and engine to
avoid components damaging by fire.
Ÿ Do not load objects on areas not specified for loading to avoid damage.
SUGGESTION
To maximize the motorcycle’s performance and prolong its service life:
The first month or first 1000km is the wear- in period for the engine and components.
Avoid rapid acceleration, and keep the speed below 60km/hr.
6. USE GENUINE SPARE PARTS
In order to maintain the scooter’s best performance, each part’s quality, material, and machined
precision must conform with the design requirements. “Genuine Spare Parts” were made from the
same high quality materials used for the original scooter. No parts would be sold to the market until
they could meet the designed specifications through sophisticated engineering and stringent quality
control. Therefore, it is necessary to purchase “Genuine Spare Parts” from “Authorized Dealers
or Franchised Dealers” when replacing spare parts. If you buy cheap, or fake substitute parts from
the market, no guarantee can be provided either for the quality or durability. Also, it may result in
unexpected troubles and lower the scooter’s performance.
Ÿ Always use Genuine Spare Parts to keep your scooters pure blood and to ensure its long
service life.
6
7. USE OF EACH COMPONENT
(The following is 4 stroke air-cooling 125/50 c.c. scooter’s basic operation, and they could
vary from different individual models. Please consult the end of this manual.)
§GAUGES §
The panel figure for speedometer may vary from model to model, but the location usually are the
same.
Apply to 50cc
Speedometer
High Beam
Indicator
Odometer
Turn Right
Signal Indicator
Turn Left Signal
Indicator
Fuel meter
Apply to 125cc
Speedometer
High Beam
Indicator
Odometer
Turn Right
Signal Indicator
Turn Left Signal
Indicator
Fuel meter
CAUTION:
Do not wipe plastic components, e.g. instrument panel, headlight, with organic solvents such as
gasoline…etc to avoid damaging these components.
Ÿ Speedometer:
Indicates driving speed.
Ÿ Odometer:
Indicates total accumulated distance traveled.
Ÿ Trip Kilometer:
The rider can measure the trip kilometers.
Ÿ High Beam Indicator:
This indicator comes on with high beam headlight is turned on.
Ÿ Turn (left/right) Signal Indicator:
The left or right Indicator will be flashing according to the operated directions of turn signal light switch
when it is turned on.
Ÿ Fuel Meter:
The pointer in this meter shows how much fuel remains in the tank.
The pointer stays in “E” position when key switch is turned to “OFF”.
7
I§OPERATION OF IGNITION SWITCH §
G
“ON” position:
N
Ÿ Engine can be started in this position.
I
Ÿ Ignition switch key can not be removed.
T
“OFF” position:
I
Ÿ Engine is shut off and can not be started in this
O
position .
N
Ÿ Ignition switch key can be removed.
§OPERATION OF STEERING HANDLE LOCK SWITCH §
S
W
“Steering handle lock” position
I
Ÿ Turn the steering handle to left and insert the key
into, press ignition switch key clockwise and then
T
lightly turn it to left to the “lock” position.
C
Ÿ
The
steering handle is locked in this position.
H
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ignition switch key can be removed.
When unlocking, simply turn the key from the
“LOCK” position to the “OFF” position.
IGNITION SWITCH
CAUTION:
Ÿ
Make sure to take the
key away with you
before you lock your
seat.
§OPERATION OF SEAT OPEN SWITCH§
Ÿ Inserted the ignition switch key in the main switch lock.
Ÿ Turn the ignition switch key to the“seat open” position counter-clockwise.
Ÿ Then, the seat will be open.
CAUTION:
Never operate the ignition switch key when the motorcycle is running. To turn the ignition
switch to “OFF” and “LOCK” position will shut off the electrical system and that may result in a
dangerous accident. Therefore, the ignition switch can only be turned off after the motorcycle
has been completely stopped.
Ÿ Always remove the key and be sure to take the key away with you after locking the steering
handle before leaving your motorcycle.
Ÿ If ignition switch remains in the “ON” position for a prolonged period after the engine has been
stopped, the battery’s capacity will be reduced and this may affect the engine’s start ability.
Ÿ Make sure to take the key away with you before you lock your seat.
Ÿ
§USE OF BUTTONS §
High/low
beam switch
Seat open or Passing
Light switches
Turn Signal
Switch
Electrical starter
button
Horn Switch
8
Ÿ Light Switches
When the switch is turned to this position as the engine is being started, headlight, rear light,
instrument panel light, and position light will come on. This is the high beam of headlight
switching switch.
When the switch is turned to this position as the engine is being started, rear light, instrument
panel light, and position light will come on.
Ÿ
When the switch is turned to this position, all lights will go off.
Ÿ Electrical starter button
this is a starting motor button(switch) for engine starting.
With the main switch “on”, press this button while holding the front or rear brake lever will
start the engine.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Release this button immediately after engine has been starter, and never press the button again
to avoid damaging the engine.
Ÿ This mechanism is a safety design. The engine can only be started after the front or rear brake
lever (pedal) has been applied.
Ÿ Do not use light system. Turn headlight and turn signal light to the “off” position when the engine
is being started.
Ÿ High/low beam switch
This is the high and low beam of headlight switching switch. Press this switch to switch between
high and beams.
This is for high beam.
This is for low beam.(please turn to low beam riding in city.)
Ÿ Passing switch(Apply to 50cc)
Passing Turn ignition switch to the“ON” position and press this button down. Then, the high beam
of headlight will come on immediately to warn the driver of the vehicle ahead that you
intend to overtake him/her.(For overtaking, high beam indicator will come on at this time).
This button will return to original position after releasing.
9
Ÿ Seat open(Apply to 125cc)
Turn ignition switch to the“ON” position and press this button down. Then, the seat will
Seat open
switch
be open.
This button will return to original position after releasing.
Press the seat down and it will be locked automatically.
After the seat catch has been locked , check to make sure it has locked properly by lightly lifting the
seat.
CAUTION:
Ÿ
Ÿ
Be sure to remove the key after the seat has been locked.
Do not put the key inside the storage box after unlocking to avoid the key being locked inside the
storage box when the seat is pressed down automatically.
Engine start
control switch
Ÿ Engine start control switch
The switch button position is under seat.
“ON” position: Engine is locked and can not be started
engine in this position.
“OFF” position: When the ignition switch is “on” position,
the start control switch is “off” position, press
electrical starter button while holding the front
or rear brake lever will start the engine.
Ÿ Horn Switch
Press this button down when ignition switch is in the “ON” position, the horn will sound.
Ÿ Turn Signal Switch
Turn signal lights are used when turning left/right or changing lane.
Turn ignition switch to the “ON” position, and slide the turn signal switch to left or right . Then, the
turn signal lights will flash.
To release, simply return the turn signal light button to the original position.
Left-side turn signal light flashing means you intend to make a right turn.
Right-side turn signal light flashing means you intend to make a left turn.
§STORAGE BOX§
Storage box
Ÿ This box is located under the saddle.
Ÿ Maximum load capacity:10kg.
Ÿ Do not store valuables in the box.
Ÿ Make sure that the saddle has been locked completely
after it was pressed down.
Ÿ Take out valuables before washing to avoid wetting these
objects.
Ÿ Do not place thermal sensitive objects in the box because
of engine’s heat and high temperature.
10
§SAFETY HELMET HOOK§
Ÿ Stop the scooter, and hook the safety helmet
chin belt the hook.
Hook
CAUTION:
Ÿ Do not hang the safety helmet onto this hook
when riding to avoid damaging motorcycle and
loosing safety helmet’s function.
§ FUEL TANK CAP§
1.Insert the key into the seat lock and open the seat, and turn the fuel cap anticlockwise, then the
cap can be removed.
2. Do not fill above the fuel upper limit when refueling.
3. Align the “△”mark on the cap with the “△”mark on the fuel tank, then turn the fuel cap
clockwise and lock the seat.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Main stand should be put down on the ground, engine should be shut off and flames should be
strictly prohibited to ensure safety when refueling.
Ÿ Do not fill above fuel upper limit when refueling. Otherwise, fuel will flow out through a hole on
the cap that may damage the body’s painting, in serious cases; it serious cases; it may cause a
fire to burn down the motorcycle.
Ÿ Make sure the fuel cap has been tighten properly.
§BRAKE§
Ÿ
Ÿ Avoid unnecessary sudden braking.
ŸŸ Use front and rear wheel brakes simultaneously when braking.
Ÿ Avoid brake continuously for a long period of time because that may overheat the brakes and
reduce its braking efficiency.
Ÿ Slow down and brake early when riding in rainy days on slippery roads. Never apply the brakes
suddenly to prevent skidding and falling.
Ÿ Using only the front brake or the rear brake increases the risk of falling because the scooter is
tend to pulled to one side.
《Engine Brake》
Return the throttle valve handle back to its original position, and apply engine brake.
It is necessary to apply brake both for front wheel and for rear wheel intermittently when riding on a
long or stiff slope.
For Front Wheel
For Rear Wheel
11
8. IMPORTANT POINTS AND CAUTIONS FOR STARTING ENGINE
CAUTION:
Ÿ Please check the oil and fuel volume are adequate or not before starting the engine.
Ÿ To start the engine the main parking stand must be firmly on the ground and the brake is applied
on the rear wheel to prevent the motorcycle from moving forward suddenly.
1.Turn ignition switch key to the ”ON” position.
2.Apply hand (foot) rear wheel brake.
3.Do not accelerate, press starter button when the brake is applied.
1/8
1/4
[We care for you! Before drive off, keep the hand brake applied on the rear wheel.]
CAUTION:
Ÿ If engine can not be started after press the kick starter arm for 3~5 times, turn the throttle valve
handle 1/8~1/4 turns, and then press the kick starter arm again for an ease start.
Ÿ In order to avoid damaging the starter motor, please do not press the starter button
continuously over 15 seconds.
Ÿ If engine still can not be started after pressing starter button over 15 times, stop and wait for 10
seconds before start it again.
Ÿ It is harder to get the engine started after the motorcycle has been left idle for a long time or
after refueling only after the fuel has been depleted. Then, it is necessary to press starting lever
or starter button several times, and keep the throttle valve handle at the close position to start
the engine.
Ÿ It may need several minutes to warm up engine if it is a cold start.
Ÿ Exhaust contains harmful gases (CO), therefore please start the engine at a well ventilated
place.
【When starting engine with starting lever.】
Ÿ After step 1~5 is completed, press the kick starter forcefully by foot with the throttle valve handle
at the close position.
Ÿ If engine is difficult to start with the starting lever when the engine is cold, rotating the throttle
valve 1/8~1/4 turns will make the start easier.
Ÿ Put the kick starter back to its original position after the engine has been started.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Firmly support the motorcycle with the main parking stand before starting the engine with the
kick starter arm.
Ÿ Starter engine with the kick starter arm occasionally to prevent it from loosing its function
because of unused for a long time.
12
9. THE BEST WAY TO DRIVE OFF
Ÿ Turn on the turn signal light before moving, and make sure no vehicle is coming from behind. Then,
drive off.
§THE CONTROL OF THROTTLE VALVE HANDLE §
Acceleration : To increase speed.
When riding on an inclined road, turn the throttle valve handle
slowly to allow the engine to output its power.
Deceleration : To decrease speed.
Deceleration
Acceleration
§PARKING METHOD §
Ÿ When approaching the parking lot:
1. Turn on the turn signal light early, and pay attention to the vehicles in front, from rear, left and right,
then take the inner lane and approach slowly.
2. Return the throttle valve handle back to its original position, and apply brakes in advance. (Brake
light comes on when braking to warn drivers of vehicles behind.)
Ÿ When stop completely:
3. Press the turn signal switch back to its original position, and turn the ignition switch key to the “OFF”
position to shut off the engine.
4. Get off the scooter from left side after the engine has been stopped, and select a parking place
where the scooter will not interfere with traffic and the ground is level, then put down scooter’s
main parking stand.
5. Hold the steering handle with your left hand, and hold down the front end of saddle or hold the
parking handle on the lower-left side of saddle with your right hand.
6. Press the main parking stand with your right foot, put down the main parking stand firmly on the
ground.
To remind you: Lock the steering handle and remove the key after parking to prevent the scooter
from being stolen.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Park your motorcycle at a safe place where it will not interfere with traffic.
13
10.
INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE BEFORE RIDING
(Please refer to the components location diagram for the following components.)
§ROUTINE INSPECTION §
Check Items
Check Key Points
Engine Oil
Is there enough engine oil?
Fuel
Is it enough? Is it Octane 90 or above
Front
Braking condition?
(Brake lever free play: 10~20mm)
Rear
Braking condition?
(Brake lever free play: 10~20mm)
Front
Is tire pressure normal?
2
(Standard: 1.75kg/cm )
Rear
Is tire pressure normal?
2
2
(Standard: 2.0 kg/cm for 1 person, 2. 25 kg/cm for 2 persons)
Brake
Tires
Steering Handle
Does the handle vibrate abnormally or is difficult to turn?
Speedometer, lights, and
rearview mirror
Is it operated properly?
Do lights come on? Can it be seen clearly from behind?
Tightness of Main Components
Are screws, nuts loosen?
Abnormal Points
Do the previous troubles still exist?
Ÿ
CAUTION:
If any problem founded during routine inspection, correct the problem before using the motorcycle
again, have your motorcycle checked and repaired by the “LANCE dealer or authorized service
personnel” if necessary.
§ENGINE OIL INSPECTION AND CHANGE §
Ÿ INSPECTION:
1. Use the main parking stand to support the scooter on a
level ground, remove the dipstick after engine stopped
for 3~5 minutes. Wipe oil off the dipstick and then insert
it into the guide tube again (Do not rotate it.)
2. Remove the dipstick and check whether oil level is in
between the upper and lower marks.
Ÿ Add oil to upper limit if oil is under the lower limit.
(Check cylinder, crankcase…etc for leakage.)
14
OIL CHANGE:
Ÿ Change engine oil after the first 300km, and change the
engine oil every 1000km thereafter.
Ÿ In order to maintain the engine’s maximum performance,
check whether the engine oil is enough every 500km. Add
oil to upper limit if the engine oil has been found to be
inadequate.
Ÿ Engine Oil : Use (API) SH/CD SAE 10W-30 grade or better
engine oil. Otherwise, damage will not be covered by
warranty.
※Recommended Oil: Genuine 4X OIL.
Ÿ Oil Capacity :
Apply to 50cc:0.8 Liter (0.75 liter for routine change).
Apply to 125cc:0.95 Liter (0.75 liter for routine change).
Ÿ Use SAE 5W-40 when outside temperature is below 0℃.
【Oil Filter Cleaning】
The oil filter nut assembly of the element, and remove the
element. Remove the foreign materials from the element by
using a gasoline or air spraying gun.
Upper limit
Lower limit
Oil filter
WARNING:
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Oil level will not be correct when checking the oil level with
the motorcycle parked on an unleveled ground or
immediately after the engine stopped.
Engine and exhaust pipe are hot right after engine stopped.
Pay special attention not to get burned when checking or
replacing engine oil.
If the oil lever approach lower limit again after refilled, check
the engine for leaks and refill it again.
Keep away from spark and flames when refilling the oil.
Filter nut
§FUEL INSPECTION§
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Turn main switch key to “ON” position, and check fuel gauge’s needle range to make sure there
is enough amount of fuel in the fuel tank.
This scooter’s engine is designed for using the unleaded fuel of Octane 90 or above.
Firmly secure the main stand on the ground, shut off the engine and keep flames away from the
scooter when refueling.
Do not fill above fuel upper limit lever when refueling.
Make sure the fuel tank cap had been tighten properly.
§TRANSMISSION OIL INSPECTION AND CHANGE§
INSPECTION:
Ÿ Use the main stand to support the scooter on a level ground, after the engine stops, wait for 3~5
minutes. Remove the transmission oil infusion bolt, put a measuring glass under the drain bolt,
and remove the drain bolt. Let the oil flows into measuring glass and check for decreased or not.
(at disassembly:175~185c.c./at change:170c.c.).
OIL REPLACEMENT:
Ÿ Stop the engine and use the main stand to support your scooter on a lever ground. Remove the
infusion bolt and drain bolt, drain out the oil.
Ÿ Install the drain bolt and tighten it. Fill new transmission oil (170c.c.), and install the infusion bolt
and tighten it. (make sure that bolts are tightened and check that there’s no leakage.)
Ÿ Recommend Oil: Genuine HYPOLD GEAR OIL (SAE 85W-140).
15
Ÿ §INSPECTION AND ADJUSTMENT OF BRAKE FREE PLAY§
INSPECTION: (Brake lever free play must checked with the engine shut off.)
Ÿ Brake lever and pedal free play for front and rear wheels.
◆If checking the hand-braking lever for front wheels, its free play (the stroke of hand-braking lever
from no braking to initial braking) should be 10~20mm. It is abnormal if the feel is spongy when
holding the hand-braking lever forcefully.
◆If checking the foot-braking pedal for rear wheels, its free play (the stroke of foot-braking pedal from
no braking to initial braking) should be 20~30mm. It is abnormal if the feel is spongy when press the
foot-braking pedal forcefully.
Adjustment:﹙Drum type﹚
Ÿ The indentation of brake adjustment nut must be aligned with the pin. (see below figure)
Adjustment nut
CAUTION:
Pin
When free play is between 10~20 mm, check brake
indicators of front and rear wheels. If the arrow on
the brake arm aligned with the “△” marked on the
brake disk, that means the brake lining has been
excessively worn, and must be replaced
immediately.
Ÿ Turn the adjustment nut on brake arm of front and rear wheels to adjust the free play of
hand-brake lever.
Ÿ Hold the hand-brake levers after adjusting with both hands until there is effective brake feeling.
Ÿ Measure the free play with a ruler.
To decrease
free play
Adjustment nut
To increase
free play
Rear Wheel drum brake type
16
§DISK BRAKE INSPECTION§(Applicable for model equipped with disc brake.)
Ÿ Visual check brake lines for leakage, or damage, check
brake lines connections for looseness using a wrench or
similar tool, and check whether steering handle vibration in
driving, or any parts’ interference may have damage the
brake lines. If so, bring your scooter to your dealer for
repairing or service.
CAUTION:
(leak, damaged, looseness of brake line)
Ÿ Please drive your motorcycle on a dry road
surface slowly and operate front and rear brakes
in order to find out if there is any malfunction so
as to ensure the motorcycle is at optimum
condition and safe ride. .
(Checking front brake lining)
Ÿ check the brake from behind the brake
caliper. The brake pad must be replaced
with new lining when the brake pad wear
limit reaches the brake disk.
(Checking oil quantity in brake oil
reservoir)
Ÿ Park the scooter on a lever ground, and
check if fluid lever is under the “LOWER”
mark. Recommended Brake Fluid: WELL
RUN BRAKE OIL (DOT 3).
Brake pad wear
limit grooves
Brake caliper
Brake disk
Screw
(Replenishment of front wheel brake fluid)
Master
1.Loosen the screws and remove the master cylinder cover.
cylinder cover
2.Wipe clean foreign materials, dirt around the reservoir, being
Diaphragm
careful not to let foreign materials fall into the reservoir.
3. Remove the diaphragm plate and the diaphragm.
Upper
4. Add brake fluid to upper lever.
5.Install the diaphragm plate and the diaphragm, and install the
master cylinder cover.
6.please note the diaphragm direction, and do not let foreign
materials fall into the reservoir. And tighten the master
cylinder cover securely.
CAUTION:
Brake fluid
Ÿ TO prevent chemical reaction, please do not use brake fluids other than those recommended.
Ÿ Do not fill above the upper limit when adding brake fluid and avoid dropping on painting or
plastic components to prevent damage.
17
§THROTTLE VALVE HANDLE CLEARANCE ADJUSTMENT §
Ÿ
Ÿ
Correct clearance allows throttle vale handle to rotate
2~6mm.
Loosen the lock nut first, then turn the adjust nut to
adjust. Tighten the lock nut securely when finished.
2~6 mm
Check Items:
1. Check throttle valve cable to see if it can be moved
smoothly from a closed position to a wide open
position.
2. Rotate steering handle from side to side to check if
the throttle valve cable is interfered.
3. Check to see if the throttle valve cable is
obstructed by other cables preventing it from being
operated smoothly.
Adjust nut
Lock nut
§INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF BATTERY §
The scooter is equipped with a maintenance-free type battery, so it is unnecessary to check and add
electrolyte. Have your scooter checked by Authorized Dealer or Franchised Dealer should any
abnormality is found.
﹙Cleaning of battery terminals﹚
Ÿ Remove the battery terminals and clean if there are
dirt and corrosion on them.
Ÿ Battery removal procedures are as follows:
Turn ignition switch to the “OFF” position, then
Negative
remove negative cable screw firstly and disconnect
the negative cable. Then, remove positive cable
Positive
screw and positive cable.
Ÿ
CAUTION:
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Clean the battery posts with warm water if the posts are eroded and have some white powders on
them.
If there is an obvious erosion on the terminals, disconnect the cables, and then clean the erosion
off with a steel brush or a piece of sandpaper.
Install battery cable after cleaning and apply a thin coat of grease on the terminals.
Install battery in reverse order of removal.
The scooter is equipped with a maintenance-free type battery, so it is unnecessary to check and add
electrolyte. Have your scooter checked by Authorized Dealer or Franchised Dealer should any
abnormality is found.
CAUTION:
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
This is a closed type battery. Never remove the caps.
In order to prevent electric leakage and self-discharge when the battery sits idle for long periods.
Remove battery from motorcycle, store it in well-ventilated and dimly lighted place after the battery
has been fully charged. Disconnect battery’s negative cable if the battery is still kept on the
motorcycle.
If the battery needs to be replaced, replace with a same closed-type battery (Maintenance-Free).
18
§TIRE INSPECTION §
Ÿ Tires should be checked and inflated with the engine shut off.
Ÿ If a tire’s ground contacting curve is abnormal, check it with an air pressure gauge and inflate it to
the specified pressure.
Ÿ Tires pressure must be checked with an air pressure gauge when cold.
PLEASE REFER TO SPECIFICATIONS FOR STANDARD TIRE PRESSURE
Foreign materials
(nails or small
stones)
Crack and
damage
Tread wear
indicator
Ÿ
Visual check tires for frontal and lateral side walls for
crack or damage.
Ÿ
Visual check tires for any nails or small stones
wedged in the tread.
Ÿ
Check the “tread wear indicator” condition to see if
tread groove depth is insufficient.
Ÿ
A tire with a wear bar showing is worn out and should
be replaced immediately.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Abnormal tire pressure, wear, or crack is the most important cause that results in the loss control of
the steering handle and a punctured tire(s).
§STEERING HANDLE FRONT SHOCK ABSORBERS INSPECTION §
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Perform this check with engine shut off and ignition switch key
removed.
Visual check front shock absorbers for damage.
Operate steering handle up and down, and check front shock
absorbers for noises due to bends.
Check the bolts and nuts of front shock absorbers with wrenches
for tightness.
Shake steering handle up & down, left & right, and front & rear to
check if it is loosen, has too much resistance and pulls to one
side.
Check steering handle if it is being pulled too tight by the brake
cables.
Take your scooter to Authorized Dealer or Franchised Dealer for
a check or adjustment if any abnormal conditions are found.
19
§CHECKING AND CHANGING FUSES §
Turn off ignition switch, and check fuses if they are intact. Replace the blown fuse with a new one having
the same specified amperage rating (15A&10A). Using a fuse of more than (15A&10A) amperes, a brass or
iron wire to replace a blown fuse is strictly prohibited to avoid damaging the electrical system and the circuit.
Ÿ Remove the storage box, and you’ll find the fuse holder near battery.
Ÿ Open the fuse box cover, and pull out the fuse. Check it for damage or broken.
Ÿ Fuses must be firmly secured with wire connectors when replacing. Loose connections will result in
overhead and damage.
Ÿ Use only parts having the specified specification to replace electrical components such as light bulbs.
Using parts not having the specified specifications for replacement may cause the fuse to blow and
over-discharge the battery.
Ÿ Avoid spraying water directly on or around fuse box when washing the scooter.
Ÿ If the new fuse burn out quickly again, please check the faulty reason before replace it again. Take
your scooter to your dealer for an inspection if a fuse is blown by unknown causes.
【REMOVE】
【INSTALLATION】
Press in from above
Wire
Fuse connectors
§CHECKING THE TURN SIGNAL LIGHTS AND HORN §
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Turn the ignition switch key to the “ON” position.
Turn on the turn signal light switch, and make sure that the front & rear and left & right signal lights
flashes and also check if the warning buzzer sounds.
Check turn signal light covers if they are dirty, crack, or loosen.
Press horn button to check if it works.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Specified specification bulbs should be used for turn signal lights. Otherwise, the normal
operation of turn signal lights will be affected.
Ÿ Turn on the turn signal light before turning or switching lane to warn driver of vehicles behind.
Ÿ Turn off the turn signal light immediately by pressing its button down after using. Otherwise, the
flashing of twin signal lights may confuse the drivers of vehicles behind.
§CHECKING THE FRONT AND REAR LIGHTS §
Ÿ
Ÿ
Ÿ
Start engine and turn on the head lamp switch. Check if head lamp and rear lamp come on.
Check the brightness and direction of front light by wall to see if it is correct.
Check the head lamp cover if it is dirty, crack, or loosen.
§CHECKING THE BRAKE LIGHT §
Ÿ
Ÿ
Turn the ignition switch key to the “ON” position, hold the hand-braking levers for front and rear wheels.
Check if the brake lights come on.
Check the brake light cover if it is dirty, crack, or loosen.
CAUTION:
Ÿ
Ÿ
Use only specified specification bulbs, do not use bulbs with different specifications to avoid
damaging electrical system, burning out bulbs, and discharging the battery.
Do not modify or add other electrical components to prevent over load or short circuit which may
result in a fire and burn down the motorcycle in serious cases.
20
§CHECKING FOR FUEL LEAKAGE§
Ÿ Check fuel tank, fuel cup, fuel hose, carburetor for leakage.
§CHECKING THE LUBRICATION OF BODY’S VARIOUS MECHANISMS§
Ÿ Check the body’s pivot points if they have enough lubrication.
(for example, the pivot points on the main stand, the side stand, and the brake lever…etc.).
§CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG§
Ÿ Remove the cap of spark plug cable (remove the spark plug using the
spark plug wrench in the tool kit.
Ÿ Check the electrode if it is dirty or fouled by carbon deposits.
Ÿ Remove the carbon deposits on the electrode with steel wire, and clean
the spark plug with gasoline, then, wipe dry with a rag.
Ÿ Check the electrode, and adjust its gap to 0.6~0.7 mm. (Check it with a
feeler gauge)
Ÿ Hand tight the spark plug as far as it can go and then tighten it another
1/2~3/4 turns with a wrench.
0.6~0.7 mm
WARNING:
The engine is very hot after running. Pay attention not to get burned.
※Use only spark plugs suitable for the engine specifications of this motorcycle recommended by the
manufacturer. (Refer to specifications.)
§CHECKING THE AIR CLEANER §
Screws
《DISASSEMBLE PRCEDURE》
1. Remove tapping screws from air cleaner cover.
2.Remove the air cleaner cover, remove the element
screws , then remove filter element.
3.Take the element out and clean it. (Refer to maintenance
Element
schedule.)
《DISASSEMBLE PRCEDURE》
Ÿ
Assemble the air cleaner in reverse order of disassemble.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Dust deposit is one of the major causes of reducing output horsepower and increasing fuel
consumption.
Ÿ Change the air cleaner element more frequently to prolong the engine’s service life if the
motorcycle is driven on dusty roads very often.
Ÿ If air cleaner is installed improperly, dust will be absorbed into cylinders, which may cause a
premature wear and reducing output power and engine life.
Ÿ Be careful not to soak the air cleaner when washing the motorcycle. Otherwise, it will cause engine
hard to start.
21
11. WHEN THERE IS AN ABNORMAL CONDITION OR A TROUBLE
§DIAGNOSIS WHEN ENGINE DOES NOT START §
For rear wheel
(1). Has the ignition switch key
been turned to the “ON”
position?
For front wheel
(2). Is there enough fuel in the fuel (3). Is the rear or front wheel
tank?
brakes applied when
pressing starting button?
1/8
Turn Signal
Switch
1/4
Horn Switch
(5). Turn the ignition switch key to the “ON”
position, and press horn button down, if the
horn does not sound, the fuse may have been
blown.
【Have your scooter checked by authorized dealer or franchised dealer immediately if there are no
problems with the above items and engine still can not be started.】
(4). Do you rotate the throttle valve handle while
pressing starting the button?
12. C.D.I. ELECTRICL IGNITION SYSTEM
The charge and discharge principle of a condenser is adopted for the C.D.I system to supply electrical
energy created by generator’s coil, to the ignition coil in accordance with specified ignition timing so that the
spark plug may generate sparks as required.
13. SUGGESTIONS ON ENGINE FUEL
Ÿ This scooter is designed to use UNLEADED gasoline of Octane No. 90 or higher.
Ÿ If the scooter is operated in high attitude (where the atmosphere pressure is lower), it is suggested
that the air/fuel ratio should be readjusted to maximize the engine performance.
14. TRANSMISSION OIL
Ÿ
Recommended OIL: GENUINE HYPOID GEAR OIL (SAE 85W-140)
22
15. CAUTIONS FOR RIDING SCOOTER
1. Raise the scooter with the main stand, and sit on the saddle.
Push the scooter forwarding to raise the main parking stand.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Never rotate the throttle valve handle at will to increase the engine RPM before driving off.
2. Get on the scooter from the left side, and sit on the saddle properly, keep your right feet firmly on the
ground to prevent the scooter from falling.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Apply brake on the rear wheel before driving off.
3. Rotate the throttle valve handle slowly, and then the scooter will begin to move.
CAUTION:
Ÿ Rapidly rotate the throttle valve handle or release the clutch lever may cause the motorcycle
moving forward suddenly and it is very dangerous.
Ÿ Make sure the side parking stand is spring back completely before driving off.
【Do not use the brake suddenly and make a sharp turn】
Ÿ Rapid braking and sharp turning will cause slip and fall.
Ÿ Rapid braking or sharp turning will cause slipping, lateral slipping, or fall especially in rainy days
when the road is wet and slippery.
【Drive with extreme caution during rainy days】
Ÿ The brake distance in rain day or on wet road will longer than that on a dry road. Therefore, slow
down and prepare to apply the brake earlier.
Ÿ The throttle valve handle should be released, and the brakes should be properly applied as it is
needed while reducing the speed when going down a slope.
23
16. PERIODICAL MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
Item
Check Items
Maintenance
kilometer
Maintenance
Interval
300KM
Every
1000KM
Every
3000KM
Every
6000KM
Every
12000KM
NEW
1 Month
3 Months
6 Months
1 Year
C
R(paper)
R(sponge)
1
Air cleaner element (Remark)
I
2
Air cleaner
I
3
Oil filter (Screen)
C
4
Engine oil
R
5
Tire, pressure
I
I
6
Battery
I
I
7
Spark plug
I
8
Carburetor (idle speed)
I
Remarks
C
Replacement for every 1000KM
I
R
I
9
Steering bearing and handles
I
10
Check transmission for leakage
I
I
11
Check crankcase for leakage
I
12
Transmission oil
R
13
Drive belt/roller
14
Fuel tank switch and lines
I
15
Throttle valve operation and cable
I
16
Engine bolts and nuts
I
17
Cylinder head, cylinder, and piston
18
Exhaust system/cleaning carbon
19
Cam Chain/ignition time
I
20
Valve clearance
I
I
21
Shock absorbers
I
I
22
Front/rear suspension
I
I
23
Main/side stands
I
I/L
24
Crankcase Blow-by system(PCV)
I
25
Clutch disk
26
Brake mechanism/brake lining (pad)
I
I
27
Bolts/nuts for each components
I
I
I
I
Replacement for every 5000KM(5 Months)
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
☆The above maintenance schedule is established by taking the monthly 1000 kilometers as a reference
which ever comes first.
※Have your scooter checked and adjusted periodically by your Authorized Dealer or Franchised Dealer
to maintain the scooter at the optimum condition.
Code: I ~ Inspection, cleaning, and adjustment
R ~ Replacement
C ~ Cleaning (replaced if necessary)
L ~ Lubrication
Remark: 1.Clean or replace the air cleaner element more often when the scooter is operated on dusty roads
or in the Heavily- polluted environment.
2. Maintenance should be performed more often if the scooter is frequently operated in high speed
and after the scooter has accumulated a higher mileage.
【Notes in the remarks are used to indicate the applicable models.】
24
17. SPECIFICATION
Model
Item
SOHO 50cc(AY05W3-Y)
Specification
Length
2000mm
Width
690mm
Height
1125mm
Wheel base
1330mm
Net Weight
Model
100kg (Front:40kg
Rear:60kg)
Single cylinder,4- stroke, forced air cooled engine
Fuel required
Unleaded gasoline
Displacement
49.5 c.c.
Compression ratio
12.6 :1
Maximum HP
2.3kw/7500 rpm
Maximum torque
3.10 N.m/6500 rpm
Idling speed
2100±100 rpm
Valve clearance: IN/EX
0.05/0.05(±0.02) mm
Starting methods
Kick & electrical starter
Front shock absorber
Telescopic fork
Rear shock absorber
Unit swing
Clutch type
Auto centrifugal type
Transmission
C.V.T.
Front tire
90/80-16
Rear tire
90/80-16
Rim type
Aluminum
2
Tire pressure
Front: STD 1.75 kg/cm ,
2
2
Rear: STD 2.00kg/cm for 1 person, 2.25kg/cm for 2 persons
Front brake
Disk type (Ø 226 mm)
Rear brake
Drum type (Ø 130 mm)
Head lamp(high, low)
HS1 12V 35/35W
Front position lamp
12V 5W
Front/ Rear direction indicator
12V 10W
Rear position lamp/Stop lamp
12V 5W/12V 21W
Licence light
12V 5W
Engine oil capacity
0.80 L (0.75 L for change)
Transmission oil capacity
180±5c.c (170c.c for change)
Fuel tank capacity
4.80L
Fuse
10A&15A
Spark plug
Battery capacity
A7RC
12V 6Ah(closed type, maintenance-free battery)
Air cleaner
Paper type
25
17.SPECIFICATION
Model
Item
SOHO 125cc(AY12W5-6)
Specification
Length
2000mm
Width
690mm
Height
1125mm
Wheel base
1330mm
Net Weight
Model
114kg (Front:43kg
Rear:71kg)
Single cylinder,4- stroke, forced air cooled engine
Fuel required
Unleaded gasoline
Displacement
124.6 c.c.
Compression ratio
10.5±0.2 :1
Maximum HP
6.25kw/7500 rpm
Maximum torque
8.33N.m/6500 rpm
Idling speed
1700±100 rpm
Valve clearance: IN/EX
0.12±0.02/0.12±0.02 mm
Starting methods
Kick & electrical starter
Front shock absorber
Telescopic fork
Rear shock absorber
Double swings
Clutch type
Auto centrifugal type
Transmission
C.V.T.
Front tire
90/80-16
Rear tire
110/70-16
Rim type
Aluminum
2
Tire pressure
Front:
STD 2.00 kg/cm ,
2
2
Rear: STD 2.00kg/cm for 1 person, 2.25kg/cm for 2 persons
Front brake
Disk type (Ø 226 mm)
Rear brake
Drum type (Ø 130 mm)
Head lamp(high, low)
HS1 12V 35/35W
Front position lamp
12V 5W
Front/ Rear direction indicator
12V 10W
Rear position lamp/Stop lamp
12V 5W/12V 21W
Licence light
12V 5W
Engine oil capacity
0.95 L (0.75 L for change)
Transmission oil capacity
180±5c.c (170c.c for change)
Fuel tank capacity
4.80L
Fuse
10A×2
Spark plug
Battery capacity
A7RC
12V 6Ah(closed type, maintenance-free battery)
Air cleaner
Paper type
26
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