storage guidelines for human milk to save or

storage guidelines for human milk to save or
STORAGE GUIDELINES FOR HUMAN MILK
NOTE: These guidelines are for mothers who are expressing milk for a full-term healthy baby. Please use
clean containers, and wash your hands with soap and water before expressing or pumping.
HUMAN MILK STORAGE FOR HEALTHY INFANTS1
Location
Temperature
Countertop, table
Room
Containers should be covered and kept as cool as
temperature (up 4-6 hours possible; covering the container with a cool towel
to 77°F or 25°C)
may keep milk cooler.
Insulated cooler bag
5-39°F or -154°C
24 hours
Keep ice packs in contact with milk containers at
all times, limit opening cooler bag.
Refrigerator
39°F or 4°C
5 days
Store milk in the back of the main body of the
refrigerator.
Freezer —
Compartment of
refrigerator
5°F or -15°C
2 weeks
Freezer —
Refrigerator/freezer
with separate doors
0°F or -18°C
3-6
months
Freezer — Chest or
upright manual-defrost -4°F or -20°C
deep freezer
Duration Comments
6 – 12
months
Store milk toward the back of the freezer, where
temperature is most constant. Milk stored for
longer durations in the ranges listed is safe, but
some of the lipids in the milk undergo
degradation, resulting in lower quality.
In view of this, you may want to give a
combination of refrigerated and frozen milk to
your baby.
Latest WHO guideline limits storage to 6 months
only
1
Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Clinical Protocol Number #8: Human Milk Storage Information for Home Use
for Healthy Full-Term Infants, Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, Princeton Junction, NJ, 2004.
When providing milk for a baby who is premature /seriously ill and/or hospitalized,
check with healthcare providers for instructions. Below is a general guideline:
•
Not recommended to store at room temperature or freezer compartment of 1 door
refrigerator
•
Up to 24 hours if refrigerated at 39°F or 4°C
•
Up to 3 months if frozen in 2 door refrigerator with separate freezer compartment at
0°F or -18°C
•
Up to 12 months if kept in Chest or upright deep freezer at -4°F or -20°C
TO SAVE OR DUMP?
Type of Milk
Save or Dump?
Why
Milk remaining in
the bottle that has
been offered to
baby
Use for next feeding,
otherwise discard.
Bacteria from the baby's mouth may have entered
the milk during the feeding. This may lead to
bacterial contamination if it sets too long (though
as yet there is no research available).
Milk that has been
thawed
Save in the refrigerator
for 24 hours after
thawing, then discard.
Do not refreeze.
Milk that has been frozen has lost some of the
immune properties that inhibit bacterial growth in
fresh refrigerated milk.
Milk that has been
kept in the
refrigerator for five
days
Transfer to storage in
the freezer, or discard.
Bacterial growth is not a problem, but milk
sometimes picks up odors or flavours from the
refrigerator or the container.
Copyright © 2007 Momslittleones.com
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