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PROGRAM OVERVIEW
HAND AND PORTABLE POWER TOOLS SAFETY PROGRAM
REGULATORY STANDARD: OSHA - 29 CFR 1910.241 – 244
- 29 CFR 1926.300 – 305
INTRODUCTION: Tools can present a variety of hazards including cuts, lacerations, blindness from
flying particles, and serious contusions if caught in rotating parts or nip points. Tools must be
inspected and, when required, employees trained in the proper use, inspection and maintenance of the
tools and their guarding systems. Personal protective equipment (such as safety glasses or gloves)
may frequently be required, even if guarding systems are in place.
TRAINING:
• Training is recommended for power tool use
• Training and licensing is required for tools that use explosive charges (powder-actuated)
ACTIVITIES:
• Inspect tools before use to ensure they are in good operating condition. Look for items such as
housing integrity, complete insulation on cord systems, and that grounding pins have not been
removed from plug-sets.
FORMS:
• None required
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Purpose
Scope
Responsibilities
Procedure
Safety Information
Training Information & Requirements
Definitions
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 1 of 9
Hand and Portable Power Tools
1.
Purpose. The company requires that hand and portable power tools be purchased, maintained, and
used only by qualified personnel who understand the limitations and requirements for the safe use of
such tools. This safety program will be reviewed and evaluated:
1.1
On an annual basis or more frequently as needed.
1.2
When changes occur to 29 CFR 1910.221 - 244 that prompt revision of this document.
1.3
When facility operational changes occur that require a revision of this document.
2.
Scope. Applies to all locations where portable hand and power tools are used or maintained.
3.
Responsibilities.
3.1
Management/Supervisors:
3.1.1
Purchase only those electrical tools that have been listed by a Nationally Recognized
Testing Laboratory (NRTL) such as Underwriter’s Laboratory (UL).
3.1.2
Ensure that procedures are in place to conduct visual inspections of tools prior to use.
3.1.3
If testing is required (e.g., GFCI testing before each use) procedures will be in place to
ensure compliance.
3.1.4
Ensure that employees using tools understand and follow manufacturer's instructions,
routinely inspect tools, and use them only for the purpose for which they were
designed.
3.1.5
Be aware of and make available, as appropriate, ergonomically designed tools for
repetitive tasks and for those jobs for which a job hazard analysis or ergonomic
assessment indicates a need for such tools.
3.1.6
Ensure that a maintenance program is in place to identify and repair defective or
unsafe tools. Repairs to portable electrical tools may only be made by an authorized
manufacturer's tool service/repair group or by the approved company sources.
3.1.7
Training may be conducted as part of an apprenticeship program or in other
recognized training forums.
3.1.8
Employees who indicate they have had prior training will be required to demonstrate
understanding and capabilities prior to being assigned to work.
3.1.9
Retain manufacturer's instructions for training/reference purposes.
3.1.10
Ensure that periodic assessments and inspections of tools and tool use are performed.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 2 of 9
3.2
3.3
Employees:
3.2.1
Use only company provided tools. Tools brought from home may not be used.
3.2.2
Attend training, as needed or required, for tool use.
3.2.3
Report incidents, accidents or signs and symptoms of injury to your supervisor.
Safety Officer (as needed or required):
3.3.1
4.
Assist in the development and implementation of this program.
Procedure.
4.1
General Requirements:
4.1.1
No one will use an unsafe/defective tool. Tools that are damaged or defective will be
removed from service.
4.1.2
Hand and power tools that may generate sparks or high temperatures will not be used
in areas that are hazardous due to the presence of flammable or combustible materials.
4.1.3
The company is responsible for supplying proper power and specialized application
tools for employee use.
4.1.4
Only qualified/trained personnel will operate powder-actuated tools.
4.1.5
Before a job is started, the supervisor or designee will ensure that the employee is
fully aware of the hazards associated with the particular tool to be used.
4.1.6
Either Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) Protection or an Assured Equipment
Grounding Conductor Program will be provided for all 120V (or greater) powered
tools.
4.1.7
Adapters that interrupt the continuity of the equipment grounding conductor will not
be used (e.g., 3-wire to 2-wire adapter.)
4.1.8
Double-insulated tools do not require an equipment grounding conductor (3rd wire) in
the cord, but they do require GFCI protection.
4.1.9
Modifications will not be made to any tool or related equipment. Follow site or
business unit established procedures when repairs are necessary.
4.1.10
Do not abuse power cords or hoses. Never carry tools by the cord or hose or yank to
disconnect. Protect cords and hoses from heat, oil, and sharp edges.
4.1.11
Cords and hoses will be routed in such a manner as to not create a tripping hazard.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 3 of 9
4.2
Types of Tools Appropriate for Use:
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.3
4.4
Ensuring the type of tool is appropriate for the job requires:
4.2.1.1
Recognition of applicable hazards associated with the work to be
completed.
4.2.1.2
Tool determination and additional requirements.
4.2.1.3
Procedures for removal of a tool from service.
4.2.1.4
Where tools are used which could present a hazard to anyone other than
the user, all other employees will be instructed concerning hazards.
Tool identification. Tools having identification numbers will be checked for legibility.
Pre-Use Safety:
4.3.1
Use the correct tool for the job.
4.3.2
Tools producing 100 dB (A) of noise will be labeled with a "Hearing Protection
Required" sticker or tag.
4.3.3
Remove adjusting keys and wrenches before connecting to the power supply.
Pre-Use Inspection:
4.4.1
Prior to each use, visually inspect all portable electric tools and accessories for
damages or defects, per the following:
4.4.1.1
4.4.1.2
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Portable electric tools-check:
4.4.1.1.1
Tool general condition.
4.4.1.1.2
Cord for damage or deterioration.
4.4.1.1.3
Cord grip tightness.
4.4.1.1.4
Plug cap condition (grounding prong integrity).
4.4.1.1.5
Inspect extension cords and equipment for loose parts and
damaged cords.
4.4.1.1.6
Portable GFCI's - Test per manufacturer's specifications.
Before using the tool, check workplace for nails, defects, or similar
hazards/imperfections.
Page 4 of 9
4.4.1.3
4.5
Attachment Plug/Connector Body/Cord; check for:
4.4.1.3.1
General condition
4.4.1.3.2
Cord grip tightness
4.4.1.3.3
Grounding Prong integrity
4.4.1.3.4
Polarization integrity
4.4.1.3.5
Condition of outer cord jacket. Cord will not be spliced
and must be replaced if outer jacket is damaged
4.4.1.3.6
Boot and visible parts of body for damage, loose parts, or
deterioration
4.4.1.3.7
Portable lights-check
4.4.1.3.8
Handle, guard and other visible parts for damage, loose
parts or deterioration
4.4.1.3.9
Lamp (should be rough-service type)
4.4.1.3.10
Low voltage lights (12 volts) to ensure that transformer has
not been by-passed. Check lamp voltage rating.
In-Use Safety:
4.5.1
Dress appropriately for the job
4.5.1.1
Do not wear loose clothing or dangling jewelry.
4.5.1.2
Confine long hair in a hair-net, cap, or fasten securely to the back of the
head.
4.5.1.3
Use extreme care when wearing gloves.
4.5.1.4
Safety glasses are the minimum requirement when using any tool;
additional PPE requirements may be necessary depending upon tool being
used and job application (e.g., face shield, side shields, goggles, etc.)
4.5.1.5
Use hearing protection if required.
4.5.2
Use all tools per manufacturer's recommendations.
4.5.3
Keep cutting tools in good condition. Sharpen/replace when necessary.
4.5.4
Never use fingers to pull or dislodge chips or turnings from tools or parts. Use pliers,
rakes, or hooks.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 5 of 9
4.6
4.7
5.
4.5.5
In some areas, compressed gas lines have been installed for specific uses. Be sure that
air powered tools are hooked up only to lines supplied for the purpose.
4.5.6
Do not set down or carry a portable power tool in any way so that the starting-trigger
or button can be accidentally struck.
4.5.7
Appropriate precautions will be utilized when tools are used in a wet location (e.g.,
electrically insulated gloves).
Post-Use Safety:
4.6.1
Disconnect tools when not in use.
4.6.2
Never lubricate, clean, repair, or adjust a tool while it is connected to a power source.
4.6.3
After a job is finished, clean all scrap and debris from the work table and surrounding
area. Use proper receptacles.
4.6.4
Take care of all tools. Keep them sharp and clean. Follow manufacturer's instructions
for lubricating, changing accessories, and inspection.
Repair:
4.7.1
All electric tool repairs will be made by a factory authorized tool repair service or
company designated portable power tool repair service.
4.7.2
The only exception is cord plugs and connector bodies that may be replaced by a
qualified person with an electrical background. Upon completion of plug or body
replacement, ground integrity will be tested.
4.7.3
No repairs will be made to portable GFCIs.
Safety Information.
5.1
Specialized Applications:
5.1.1
Hand and power tools that may generate sparks or high temperatures will not be used
in areas that are hazardous due to the presence of flammable or combustible materials.
Use of non-sparking tools will be required unless monitoring ensures levels below
25% of the lower explosive limit (LEL). For more information, reference Portable
Electronic Devices in Hazardous Areas.
5.1.2
Training for use of a powder actuated tool is provided by the manufacturer (usually
HILTI).
5.1.2.1
A license is issued after training; individuals using powder actuated tools
must have the license on their person when using the tool.
5.1.2.2
A record of training will be kept in personnel training files or equivalent
recordkeeping system.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 6 of 9
5.2
Power Tool Precautions:
5.2.1
Power tools can be hazardous when improperly used. The company uses several types
based on the power source they use such as electric, liquid fuel, hydraulic, pneumatic,
and powder-actuated. The following precautions will be taken by employees to
prevent injury.
5.2.1.1
Power tools will always be operated within their design limitations.
5.2.1.2
Eye protection, gloves, and safety footwear are recommended during
operation.
5.2.1.3
Store tools in an appropriate dry location when not in use.
5.2.1.4
Work only in well illuminated locations.
5.2.1.5
Tools will not be carried by the cord or hose.
5.2.1.6
Cords or hoses will not be yanked to disconnect it from the receptacle.
5.2.1.7
Cords and hoses will be kept away from heat, oils, and sharp edges or any
other source that could result in damage.
5.2.1.8
Tools will be disconnected when not in use, before servicing, and when
changing accessories such as blades, bits, and cutters.
5.2.1.9
Observers will be kept at a safe distance at all times from the work area.
5.2.1.10
Work will be secured with clamps or a vice where possible to free both
hands to operate tools.
5.2.1.11
To prevent accidental starting, employees should be continually aware not
to hold the start button while carrying a plugged in tool.
5.2.1.12
Tools will be maintained in a clean manner and properly maintained in
accordance with the manufacturer’s guidelines.
5.2.1.13
Ensure that proper shoes are worn and that the work area is kept clean to
maintain proper footing and good balance.
5.2.1.14
Ensure that proper apparel is worn. Loose clothing, ties, or jewelry can
become caught in moving parts.
5.2.1.15
Tools that are damaged will be removed from service immediately and
tagged "Do Not Use". They will be reported and turned over to the job
site supervisor or Safety Officer for repair or replacement.
5.2.1.16
Cracked saws. All cracked saws will be removed from service.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 7 of 9
5.3
5.2.1.18
Compressed air used for cleaning. Compressed air will not be used for
cleaning purposes except where reduced to less than 30 p.s.i. and then
only with effective chip guarding and personal protective equipment.
One or more methods of guarding will be provided where required to protect the
operator and other employees in the area from hazards such as those created by point
of operation, in-running nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. Examples
of guarding methods are barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices, electronic safety
devices, etc. The guard will be such that it does not offer an accident hazard in itself.
Employees will:
5.3.1.1
Inspect tools without guards for signs of guard removal. If it is evident
that a guard is required, tag-out the tool and obtain a replacement. Tools
will not be energized during inspection.
5.3.1.2
Inspect tools having guards for proper operation and maintenance prior to
use. Tools will not be energized during inspection.
5.3.1.3
Never remove a guard during use.
Self Assessment:
5.4.1
6.
Grounding. Portable electric power tools will meet the electrical
requirements of this safety program and 29 CFR 1910.331 - 335.
Methods of Guarding:
5.3.1
5.4
5.2.1.17
Each division/work unit should conduct a self-assessment to assess compliance with
this standard and develop action plans to correct deficiencies. See Section 6 for more
information.
Training and Information.
6.1
Powder Actuated Tools:
6.1.1
Users of powder-actuated tools must be licensed and trained.
6.1.2
Training may be conducted as part of an apprenticeship program or in other
recognized training forums.
6.1.3
Employees who indicate they have had prior training will be required to demonstrate
understanding and capabilities prior to being assigned to work.
6.1.4
Manufacturer's instructions will be retained for training/reference purposes.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 8 of 9
6.2
Initial and Re-Training:
6.2.1
This safety program will be provided to and read by all employees receiving training.
Training will be conducted on an as needed basis or when the following conditions are
met:
6.2.1.1
6.2.1.2
6.2.1.3
6.3
The re-training will reestablish employee proficiency and introduce new
or revised methods and procedures, as necessary.
Verification:
6.3.1
7.
Re-training will be provided for all authorized and affected employees
whenever (and prior to) there being a change in their job assignments, a
change in the type of tools used, or when a known hazard is added to the
work environment.
Additional re-training will also be conducted whenever a periodic
inspection reveals (or whenever there is sufficient reason to believe) there
are deviations from or inadequacies in the employee's knowledge or use of
tools.
The company will verify that employee training has been accomplished and is being
kept up to date. The documentation will contain each employee's name and dates of
training.
Definitions.
¾
Powder Actuated Tools – A tool that uses an explosive charge to drive a bolt or nail. Normally
used in concrete construction or steel erection. Electrically powered nail guns are not
considered a powder actuated tool.
Hand and Portable Power Tool Safety Program
Rev. [02/09]
Page 9 of 9
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